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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2022

 

OR

 

  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

 

Commission file number: 001-41173

 

NexGel, Inc.

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   26-4042544

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

     
2150 Cabot Blvd West, Suite B
Langhorne, PA
  19047
(Address of principal executive office)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (215) 702-8550

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading
Symbol(s)
  Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001   NXGL   The Nasdaq Capital Market LLC
Warrants to Purchase Common Stock   NXGLW   The Nasdaq Capital Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a nonaccelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer  
Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes ◻ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2022, the last business day of the registrant’s second fiscal quarter, was approximately $7,524,481 based on the price at which the registrant last sold common equity.

 

As of March 27, 2023, the registrant had 5,611,282 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to its 2023 annual meeting of stockholders (the “2023 Proxy Statement”) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. The 2023 Proxy Statement will be filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the year to which this report relates.

 

 

 

 
Table of Contents

 

Part I      
       
Item 1   Business 2
Item 1A   Risk Factors 9
Item 1B   Unresolved Staff Comments 15
Item 2   Properties 15
Item 3   Legal Proceedings 15
Item 4   Mine Safety Disclosures 15
       
Part II      
       
Item 5   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters 16
Item 6   [Reserved] 16
Item 7   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 16
Item 7A   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 20
Item 8   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data F-1
Item 9   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 21
Item 9A   Controls and Procedures 21
       
Part III      
       
Item 10   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 22
Item 11   Executive Compensation 22
Item 12   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 22
Item 13   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 22
Item 14   Principal Accountant Fees and Services 22
       
Part IV      
       
Item 15   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 22
    Signatures 27

 

2

Table of Contents

 

Basis of Presentation

 

On November 29, 2021, the Company effected a 1-for-35 reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, each issued and outstanding share of our common stock, and the per share exercise price of and number of shares of the Company’s common stock underlying our outstanding equity awards and warrants, was automatically proportionally adjusted based on the 1-for-35 Reverse Stock Split ratio. No fractional shares of common stock were issued in connection with the reverse stock split, and all such fractional interests were rounded up to the nearest whole number.

 

Except as otherwise provided herein, all share and per-share amounts of our common stock, equity awards and warrants, including the shares of common stock and warrants being offered hereby, have been adjusted to give effect to the Reverse Stock Split for all years presented. The Reverse Stock Split did not alter the par value of the Company’s common stock, which remains at $0.001 per share, modify any voting rights or other terms of our common stock, or impact the amount of preferred stock the Company is authorized to issue.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements,” which include information relating to future events, future financial performance, strategies, expectations, competitive environment and regulation. Words such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “estimate,” and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and may not be accurate indications of when such performance or results will actually be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information we have when those statements are made or our management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  our ability to continue as a going concern;
     
  inadequate capital;
     
  inadequate or an inability to raise sufficient capital to execute our business plan;
     
  our ability to comply with current good manufacturing practices;
     
  loss or retirement of key executives;
     
  our plans to make significant additional outlays of working capital before we expect to generate significant revenues and the uncertainty regarding when we will begin to generate significant revenues, if we are able to do so;
     
  adverse economic and geopolitical conditions, including the current conflict in Ukraine, and/or intense competition;
     
  loss of a key customer or supplier;
     
  entry of new competitors;
     
  adverse federal, state and local government regulation;
     
  technological obsolescence of our manufacturing process and equipment;
     
  technical problems with our research and products;
     
  risks of mergers and acquisitions including the time and cost of implementing transactions and the potential failure to achieve expected gains, revenue growth or expense savings;
     
  price increases for supplies and components; and
     
  the inability to carry out our business plans.

 

For a discussion of these and other risks that relate to our business and investing in shares of our common stock, you should carefully review the risks and uncertainties described elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which any such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

There may be other factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements, including factors disclosed under the section titled and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this information statement. You should evaluate all forward-looking statements made in this information statement in the context of these risks and uncertainties.

 

No assurance can be given that any goal or plan set forth in any forward-looking statement can or will be achieved, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements which speak only as of the date they are made. We do not undertake any obligation to update or release any revisions to any forward-looking statement or to report any events or circumstances after the date of this information statement or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.

 

3

Table of Contents

 

Our Company

 

We were incorporated in Delaware on January 13, 2009. We manufacture high water content, electron beam cross-linked, aqueous polymer hydrogels, or gels, used for wound care, medical diagnostics, transdermal drug delivery and cosmetics. We specialize in custom gels by capitalizing on proprietary manufacturing technologies. We have historically served as a contract manufacturer, supplying our gels to third parties who incorporate them into their own products and have recently began producing our own consumer products using our gels focused on proprietary branded products and white label opportunities. Both our gels and our consumer products are manufactured using proprietary and non-proprietary mixing, coating and cross-linking technologies. Together, these technologies enable us to produce gels that can satisfy rigid tolerance specifications with respect to a wide range of physical characteristics (e.g., thickness, water content, adherence, absorption, moisture vapor transmission rate (a measure of the passage of water vapor through a substance) and release rate) while maintaining product integrity. Additionally, we have the manufacturing ability to offer broad choices in the selection of liners onto which the gels are coated. Consequently, we and our customers are able to determine tolerances in moisture vapor transmission rate and active ingredient release rates while personalizing color and texture.

 

Contract Manufacturing Business

 

As described above, we have historically served as a contract manufacturer, supplying our gels to third parties who incorporate them into their own products. Our hydrogels are currently being marketed in the U.S. and abroad by our customers for the following applications:

 

  Drug Delivery. We believe delivering medication through hydrogel patches has important advantages over traditional methods of drug delivery. Hydrogel patches are less intrusive, painless, allow for pre-planned medication time periods, can potentially release medication in a manner consistent with the body’s own glandular activity (by avoiding dosage spikes and/or digestive alteration), and minimize side effects related to the medication via injection or ingestion.
     
  Other Medical Applications. Hydrogel patches are being used for transdermal applications such as hormone replacement therapy and contraception, treatment of acne, shingles, diabetes, motion sickness, treatment of angina with nitroglycerin and treatment of smoking addiction using nicotine and palliatives (i.e., pain relievers).
     
  Non-Prescription Therapeutic Applications. Hydrogel patches are also used in the medical community and are also directly marketed to consumers for topical application of over the counter (“OTC”) drugs such as non-prescription acne treatments, pain relievers, diet preparations, cough suppressants, treatment of warts, calluses and corns, and pain relief.
     
  Moist Wound and Burn Dressings. Hydrogel dressings have long been used for treating wounds and burns. Clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of moist wound healing versus traditional dressings. Some of these benefits include immediate anti-inflammatory effects, allowing for freer cell flow and less scarring, increased absorption of exudate, and accelerated healing.
     
  Components of Medical Devices. Several medical devices utilize hydrogels as components. These devices include active drug delivery systems such as iontophoresis, warming and cooling devices, medical electrodes and various medical products for sensitive skin.
     
  Cosmetic Applications. Hydrogel patches and applications allow for delivery systems of cosmetic skin care products to consumers and skin care providers for uses that include moisturizers, face masks, cooling masks and applicators.

 

We believe our competitive advantage in each of the general hydrogel patch applications described above is that our hydrogel patches are gentler to the skin because we do not use chemical cross-linking agents which are incorporated into other hydrogel patches. In the past, we have not actively marketed our hydrogel or consumer products but recently hired two salespeople to focus on expanding our customer base and marketing efforts. Once the gels are manufactured according to a customer’s specifications, the gels are generally shipped to the customer via a contract carrier (e.g., United Parcel Service, Inc.).

 

Our Facilities

 

We manufacture our hydrogels at what we believe to be one of only two facilities that can produce state-of-the–art hydrogel transdermal products and we have successfully used over two hundred active ingredients combinations in our hydrogels to date. Our facility consists of 13,500 square feet of manufacturing space, which we currently operate at only 5% capacity and can expand rapidly to meet increased demand, including for our healthcare and consumer product lines as described in more detail below. At full capacity, our facility should allow for us to produce approximately 1.4 billion square inches of product annually. Additionally, in 2021 we completed a $650,000 facility accelerator upgrade which we believe will result in a more efficient manufacturing process. Our facility is subject to stringent FDA compliance requirements. We also believe our facility creates a high barrier to entry into our hydrogel and consumer product business.

 

4

Table of Contents

 

Consumer Products

 

Beginning in the third quarter of 2020, we began selling our own branded products using our hydrogel technology on the Amazon marketplace. In 2022 we expanded access to our products by launching our own direct to consumer website, Medagel.com. We currently have fourteen different product offerings, including multiple packaging configurations of the same product, which we market under the brand names MedaGel and LumaGel Beauty and intend to offer additional products in 2023 and beyond. The products we sell under our MedaGel brand primarily relate to over-the-counter (“OTC”) remedy solutions, such as blister and pain applications; while the products we sell under our LumaGel Beauty brand primarily relate to beauty and cosmetic solutions, such as wrinkle and skin cream applications.

 

Additionally, we have several more products in our development pipeline. We intend for these products to address various market opportunities including the OTC” pharmaceutical drug delivery market, pain management, beauty and cosmetics, sports related applications, cannabinoids (CBD/THC) and general podiatry.

 

Custom and White Label Opportunities

 

We are also implementing a new strategy to leverage our hydrogel products and technologies by allowing other OTC brands to incorporate them into their products. We believe our hydrogels, which do not use chemical cross-linking agents or parabens but rather use electronic beam energy, will be attractive to other OTC brands, especially in the beauty and cosmetics industry, and their customers. We believe these white labeling opportunities will increase the markets’ awareness of us as a consumer-friendly and reliable supplier of customizable patches. Additionally, we created a process where customers have the ability to create their own custom hydrogel products. Customers pay a development fee, eliminating our financial risk in the success or failure of the custom product. As opposed to our contract manufacturing business, where we provide bulk sale of roll stock hydrogel to our customers who then use it as one component in their products which they themselves then manufacture, test, market and sell, our custom and white label business will provide customers with a finished product which they will then brand and re-sell.

 

Medical Devices

 

We have recently entered into the medical device development sector which a focus on analyzing, creating and developing devices and solutions that reduce skin pain and irritation, improve and maintain skin integrity and provide greater comfort and safety for patients at the site of which a medical device interfaces with the human body.

 

We conducted proof of concept studies for the development of our first medical device, which we call NEXDrape and have filed for a patent on this device under the Patent Cooperation Treaty which provides patent protection in the nations who are members of the treaty. The NEXDrape device is an incise surgical drape designed for patients with impaired skin. The elderly, diabetics, trauma patients and those with an adhesive sensitivity can have adverse events from the removal of adhesive drapes. Additionally, patients taking certain medications, such as ELIQUIS® and steroids, may experience impaired skin as well. These groups represent a sizable percentage of the incise surgical drape market, a market we believe to be significant and growing. The incise surgical drape market is currently fragmented with 3M Healthcare being the market leader. Skin tears, infections, rashes, and post-surgical site pain are some of the problems that can occur as a result of the removal of adhesive drapes, and have been reported with other currently available surgical drapes.

 

We have conducted one animal and two human cadaver proof of concept studies with respect to NEXDrape. As a result of these studies, we believe NEXDrape will represent a gentle to the skin alternative to the current adhesive based standard of care and will provide a unique solution for patients with fragile or compromised skin. Additionally, we believe NEXDrape offers the following benefits over the current incise surgical drape products: (i) no skin irritation; (ii) able to deliver a wide range of antiseptic and antibiotic agents; (iii) eliminates air bubbles; and (iv) prevents dermis removal post-surgery, which reduces the risk of patient infection and discomfort. We intend to file a 510(k) premarket submission with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which is an application to demonstrate that NEXDrape is as safe and effective (or substantially equivalent to) a legally marketed surgical drape device. There can be no guarantee that the FDA approves our application, if submitted.

 

We are also in the process of developing a product we call NEXDerm which will be an adhesive tape designed to secure central lines and intravenous tubes and devices to patients before, during and after medical treatment. We believe NEXDerm will be an attractive alternative to Tegaderm™, a 3M Healthcare product. Based on our discussion with medical professionals, Tegaderm™ is often difficult and painful to remove after adhesion, particularly for comprised skin patients. NEXDerm, which will incorporate exclusively licensed technology owned by Noble Fiber, is designed to create a gentle to skin surgical tape impregnated with antimicrobial X-Static® silver fiber. We believe NEXDerm, if successfully developed, will offer the following advantages over Tegaderm™: (i) ability to easily reposition the adhesive tape; (ii) pain-free removal; (iii) gentle to the skin; and (iv) increased infection prevention. As with NEXDrape, we intend to file a 510(k) premarket submission with the FDA to demonstrate that NEXDrape is as safe and effective (or substantially equivalent to) a legally marketed surgical drape device. There can be no guarantee that the FDA approves our application, if submitted.

 

5

Table of Contents

 

We are also in the early stages of exploring opportunities to develop a number of other potential medical devices. Our current intent with any medical devices will not be to commercialize due to the expense required but to potentially prepare them to go to market and to identify and pursue licensing and partnering arrangements with third parties possessing the necessary resources and capabilities to bring the devices to market.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Contract Manufacturing, Consumer Products and Customer and White Label Offerings. We continue to focus on sales and marketing efforts in the United States. The Company has expanded their sales effort throughout 2022, including hiring a dedicated employee and contracting with individuals for business development exploration and sales effort. These individuals have been and will continue to focus on expanding contract manufacturing, consumer products and white label offering businesses.

 

Medical Devices. We do not intend to spend efforts or resources on selling or marketing our medical device business. Our current intent with any medical devices will not be to commercialize due to the expense required but to identify and pursue licensing arrangements with third parties possessing the necessary resources and capabilities to bring the devices to market.

 

Competition

 

Contract Manufacturing. To our knowledge, NexGel is one of three manufacturers using electron beam technology for high performance hydrogels for the wound care, cosmetic and drug delivery industries.

 

Consumer Products and Medical Devices. As we expand our consumer products and medical device business, we will face a number of competitors. Our competitors include numerous manufacturers; distributors; marketers; online, specialty, mass, and other retailers; and physicians that actively compete for the business of consumers both in the United States and abroad, including companies such as Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer Consumer Healthcare and Procter & Gamble. Most of our competitors have longer operating histories, significantly greater resources, better developed and more innovative sales and distribution channels and platforms, greater name recognition, and larger established customer bases than we do. Therefore, a strategic partnership will be critical to our success in the medical device business. We also face similar challenges with our own consumer branded products and may pursue similar strategic partnerships, though direct to consumer marketing and selling is more feasible.

 

Custom and White Label Offerings. As our custom and white label offering business will provide customers with a finished product which they will then brand and re-sell, the competition will depend, to a great deal, on the type of product the customer request and will not result in direct competition to us.

 

Sources and Availability of Raw Materials; Principal Suppliers

 

In general, raw materials essential to our business are readily available from multiple sources. For reasons of quality assurance, availability, or cost effectiveness, certain components and raw materials are available only from a sole supplier. The principal suppliers for our raw materials are Berry Global, Inc., DeWolf Chemical, Inc., and Univar, Inc. Our policy is to maintain sufficient inventory of components and raw materials so that our production will not be significantly disrupted even if a particular component or material is not available for a period of time.

 

Because we have no direct control over these suppliers, interruptions or delays in the products and services provided by these parties may be difficult to remedy in a timely fashion. In addition, if such suppliers are unable or unwilling to deliver the necessary components or raw materials, we may be unable to redesign or adapt our technology to work without such components or raw materials or find alternative suppliers or manufacturers. In such events, we could experience interruptions, delays, increased costs, quality control problems, and or be unable to sell the applicable products, all of which could have a significant adverse impact on our revenue.

 

Other than as discussed above, we believe that, due to the size and scale of production of our suppliers, there should be an adequate supply of components and raw materials from our other suppliers.

 

Customers

 

During the year ended December 31, 2022 one major customer accounted for approximately 29% and during the year ended December 31, 2021, three major customers accounted for approximately 42% of our revenue. We cannot be certain as to this customer’s intentions to use our services during and beyond the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 since we do not currently have a contract with this customer. However, we have been supplying this customer for more than 15 years and have no reason to anticipate any change. Our contract manufacturing business, including with respect to this customer, operates on a purchase order basis.

 

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Patents, Proprietary Rights and Trademarks

 

We own or license trademarks covering our company and our products. We filed for a patent on NEXDrape under the Patent Cooperation Treaty which provides patent protection in the nations who are members of the treaty. We also rely upon trade secrets and continuing technological innovations to develop and maintain our competitive position. We also hold certain intellectual property that is not material to our current business and prospects, including patent rights to one patent in Europe, which covers the use of lignin for inhibiting restenosis and thrombosis formation, and coated medical devices where the coating includes lignin. This patent is set to expire in the near future, however we believe the expiration of these patents will not have an adverse impact on our overall business. In addition, in connection with our Spin-Off, we received an exclusive license with right to sub-license from Specialty Pharmaceutical Products, L.L.C. (which was held by Adynxx) to two issued patents, one in the U.S. and one in Europe, which cover technology relating to a transdermal patch containing transcutol. The transdermal patch is effective to deliver lidocaine to a patient. Neither of these patent rights are material to our current business and prospects. These licensed patent rights are expected to expire in April 2032.

 

Government Regulation

 

Product Regulation. Under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, medical devices are classified by the FDA into one of three classes - Class I, Class II or Class III - depending on the degree of risk associated with each medical device and the extent of control needed to ensure safety and effectiveness. While some applications of hydrogels fall under the jurisdiction of the FDA, hydrogels are generally classified as Class I exempt devices and the majority of the hydrogel products that we manufacture are thereby exempt from the FDA filing of any regulatory submissions and/or pre-market notification requirements. To the extent that any FDA regulatory submissions are required, we will be required to file these submissions and maintain all appropriate documentation. With respect to registering the manufacturing facility with the FDA under the Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 820.1, Scope: Part A, it is stated that the regulation does not apply to manufacturers of component parts of finished devices. Currently, hydrogels are sold as component parts to various medical device/cosmetic manufacturers.

 

Quality Assurance Requirements. The FDA enforces regulations to ensure that the methods used in, and the facilities and controls used for, the manufacture, processing, packing and holding of drugs and medical devices conform with current good manufacturing practice (CGMP). The CGMP regulations enforced by the FDA are comprehensive and cover all aspects of manufacturing operations, from receipt of raw materials to finished product distribution, insofar as they bear upon whether drugs meet all the identity, strength, quality and purity characteristics required of them. The CGMP regulations for devices, called the Quality System Regulation, are also comprehensive and cover all aspects of device manufacture, from pre-production design validation to installation and servicing, insofar as they bear upon the safe and effective use of the device and whether the device otherwise meets the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. To assure compliance requires a continuous commitment of time, money and effort in all operational areas.

 

The FDA also conducts periodic inspections of drug and device registered facilities to assess their current CGMP status. If the FDA were to find serious non-compliant manufacturing or processing practices during such an inspection, it could take regulatory actions that could adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. With respect to domestic establishments, the FDA could initiate product seizures or in some instances require product recalls and seek to enjoin a product’s manufacture and distribution. In certain circumstances, violations could support civil penalties and criminal prosecutions. In addition, if the FDA concludes that a company is not in compliance with CGMP requirements, sanctions may be imposed that include preventing that company from receiving the necessary licenses to export its products and classifying that company as an “unacceptable supplier”, thereby disqualifying that company from selling products to federal agencies.

 

We conduct audits of our outside manufacturers and believe that we and our suppliers and outside manufacturers are currently in compliance with CGMP requirements. We are currently registered as a device manufacturer and distributor with the FDA and we intend to register as a drug facility with the FDA when we are required to do so.

 

Environmental Regulation. We are subject to various laws and governmental regulations concerning environmental matters and employee safety and health in the U.S. and other countries. We have made, and continue to make, significant investments to comply with these laws and regulations. We cannot predict the future capital expenditures or operating costs required to comply with environmental laws and regulations. We believe that we are currently compliant with applicable environmental, health and safety requirements in all material respects. However, we cannot assure you that current or future regulatory, governmental, or private action will not have a material adverse effect on our performance, results or financial condition.

 

In the future, if a loss contingency related to environmental matters, employee safety, health or conditional asset retirement obligations is recognized, we would record a liability for the obligation and it may result in a material impact on net income for the annual or interim period during which the liability is recorded. The investigation and remediation of environmental obligations generally occur over an extended period of time, and therefore we do not know if these events would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, or cash flow, nor can we assure you that such liabilities would not have a material adverse effect on our performance, results or financial condition.

 

Federal and State Anti-kickback, Self-referral, False Claims and Similar Laws. Our relationships with physicians, hospitals and the marketers of our products are subject to scrutiny under various federal anti-kickback, self-referral, false claims and similar laws, often referred to collectively as healthcare fraud and abuse laws. Healthcare fraud and abuse laws are complex, and even minor, inadvertent violations can give rise to claims that the relevant law has been violated. Certain states have similar fraud and abuse laws, imposing substantial penalties for violations. Any government investigation or a finding of a violation of these laws would likely result in a material adverse effect on the market price of our common stock, as well as our business, financial condition and results of operations. We believe that we are currently compliant with applicable anti-kickback, self-referral, false claims in all material respects.

 

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Research and Development Costs

 

For the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, we incurred approximately $367 thousand and $31 thousand, respectively, in research and development costs. We expect to incur increased costs in the future for our medical device business. Research and development will be an important component in the growth of our business.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2022, we had 12 full-time employees. Of these employees, three are involved with finance, sales, marketing, and administration and nine are involved with manufacturing and regulatory matters. Our employees are not represented by a labor union or other collective bargaining groups, and we consider relations with our employees to be good. We currently plan to retain and utilize the services of outside consultants for additional research, testing, regulatory, accounting and tax services, legal compliance, and other services on an as needed basis.

 

Properties

 

We maintain a combined corporate office and manufacturing facility in Langhorne, Pennsylvania, where we lease approximately 16,500 square feet of office and manufacturing space. Our lease expires on January 31, 2031. We believe that our facility is well maintained and are suitable and adequate for our current needs.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are currently not aware of any such legal proceedings or claims.

 

There are no material proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates or any registered or beneficial shareholder of more than 5% of our common stock is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to our interest.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and is not required to provide the information under this item.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider the risks described below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K before making an investment decision. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks. Our common stock is considered speculative and the trading price of our common stock could decline due to any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment. The following risk factors are not the only risk factors facing the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business.

 

Risks Relating to Our Business

 

Our future success depends upon market acceptance of our existing and future products.

 

We believe that our success will depend in part upon the acceptance of our existing and future products by the medical community, hospitals and physicians and other health care providers, third-party payers, and end-users. Such acceptance may depend upon the extent to which the medical community and end-users perceive our products as safer, more effective or cost-competitive than other similar products. Ultimately, for our products to gain general market acceptance, it may also be necessary for us to develop marketing partners for the distribution of our products. There can be no assurance that our products will achieve significant market acceptance on a timely basis, or at all. Failure of some or all of our future products to achieve significant market acceptance could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our suppliers may fail to deliver components and raw materials and parts according to schedules, prices, quality and volumes that are acceptable to us, or we may be unable to manage these components and raw materials effectively.

 

Our products contain materials and parts purchased globally from many suppliers, including single-source direct suppliers, which exposes us to potential component shortages or delays. Unexpected changes in business conditions, materials pricing, labor issues, wars such as the current conflict in Ukraine, trade policies, natural disasters, health epidemics, trade and shipping disruptions, port congestions and other factors beyond our or our suppliers’ control could also affect these suppliers’ ability to deliver components to us or to remain solvent and operational. Additionally, if our suppliers do not accurately forecast and effectively allocate production or if they are not willing to allocate sufficient production to us, it may reduce our access to components and raw materials, thus requiring us to search for new suppliers. The unavailability of any component or supplier could result in production delays, idle manufacturing facilities, product design changes and loss of access to important technology and tools for producing and supporting our products. Our suppliers may not be willing or able to sustainably meet our timelines or our cost, quality and volume needs, or to do so may cost us more, which may require us to replace them with other sources. While we believe that we will be able to secure additional or alternate sources for most of our components, there is no assurance that we will be able to do so quickly or at all.

 

As the scale of production of our products, we will also need to accurately forecast, purchase, warehouse and transport components at high volumes to our manufacturing facilities. If we are unable to accurately match the timing and quantities of component purchases to our actual needs or successfully implement automation, inventory management and other systems to accommodate the increased complexity in our supply chain and parts management, we may incur unexpected production disruption, storage, transportation and write-off costs, which may harm our business and operating results.

 

We are dependent on significant customers.

 

Our hydrogel manufacturing business is currently our sole source of revenue, and much of this revenue is generated from a limited number of clients, who account for a substantial percentage of our total revenues. For the year ended December 31, 2022, one major customer accounted for approximately 29% of our revenue. The loss of any of our significant customers would have a significantly negative effect on our overall operations.

 

We rely heavily on the Amazon marketplace for the sales and distribution of our consumer products, and if we are unable to maintain a good relationship with Amazon or if Amazon experiences disruptions, our business will suffer.

 

We rely heavily on the Amazon marketplace for the sales and distribution of our consumer products to our end consumers. We believe that we have good relationships with Amazon. However, if we or any of our partners, (or if Amazon believes we or any of our partners have violated) its terms of service, Amazon could limit or terminate its relationship with us. Any limitation or termination of our relationship with Amazon could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and or results of operations. Additionally, any prolonged disruption of Amazon’s website or its delivery and distribution of our consumer products could materially adversely impact our business.

 

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We have no contracts in place with our customers in either our contract manufacturing or consumer products business. The absence of such contracts could result in periods during which we must continue to pay costs without revenues.

 

Our sales are made on a purchase order basis, we do not have contracts with our customers in either our contract manufacturing or consumer products business. Accordingly, our customers are not required to purchase a minimum amount of our products, and we therefore could have periods during which we have no or limited orders for our products, which will make it difficult for us to operate as we will have to continue paying our expenses. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to timely locate new customers, if at all, when our existing customers are not placing orders. The periods in which we have no or limited purchase orders for our products would have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

 

We operate in a highly competitive industry.

 

Competition from other hydrogel manufacturers is intense. There can be no assurance that we can develop products that are more effective or achieve greater market acceptance than competitive products, or that our competitors will not succeed in developing or acquiring products and technologies that are more effective than those being developed by us, that would render our products and technologies less competitive or obsolete.

 

Our competitors enjoy several competitive advantages over us, including some or all of the following:

 

  large and established distribution networks in the U.S. and/or in international markets;
  greater financial, managerial and other resources for products, research and development, sales and marketing efforts and protecting and enforcing intellectual property rights;
  significantly greater name recognition;
  more expansive portfolios of intellectual property rights; and
  greater experience in obtaining and maintaining regulatory approvals and/or clearances from the FDA and other regulatory agencies.

 

Our competitors’ products will compete directly with our products. In addition, our competitors, as well as new market entrants, may develop or acquire new products that will compete directly or indirectly with our products. The presence of this competition in our market may lead to pricing pressure which would make it more difficult to sell our products at a price that will make us profitable or prevent us from selling our products at all. Our failure to compete effectively would have a material and adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

As we enter the consumer product business sector to a larger extent, our failure to compete successfully could materially harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

The business of developing and marketing consumer and personal care products is highly competitive and sensitive to the introduction of new, competitive products, which may rapidly capture a significant share of the applicable market. Our competitors include numerous manufacturers; distributors; marketers; online, specialty, mass, and other retailers; and physicians that actively compete for the business of consumers both in the United States and abroad. Most of our competitors have longer operating histories, significantly greater resources, better-developed and more innovative sales and distribution channels and platforms, greater name recognition, and larger established customer bases than we do. Our present and future competitors may be able to better withstand reductions in prices or other adverse economic or market conditions than we can; develop products that are comparable or superior to those we offer; adapt more quickly or effectively to new technologies, changing regulatory requirements, evolving industry trends and standards, and customer requirements than we can; and/or devote greater resources to the development, promotion, and sale of their products than we do. In addition, because the industry in which we operate is not particularly capital intensive or otherwise subject to high barriers to entry, it is relatively easy for new competitors to emerge that will compete with us. Accordingly, competition may intensify, and we may not be able to compete effectively in our markets. If we are not able to compete successfully in the consumer products sector, our business, financial condition, and operating results would be materially adversely affected.

 

Our failure to appropriately respond to changing consumer trends, preferences, and demand for new products and product enhancements could materially harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

Our consumer products business is subject to rapidly changing consumer trends and preferences and product introductions. Our success will depend in part on our ability to anticipate and respond to these changes and introductions, and we may not respond or develop new products or product enhancements in a cost-effective, timely, or commercially appropriate manner. The success of our new product offerings and enhancements depends on a number of factors, including our ability to:

 

  accurately anticipate consumer needs;
     
  innovate and develop new products and product enhancements that meet these needs;
     
  successfully commercialize new products and product enhancements;
     
  price our products competitively;
     
  manufacture and deliver our products in sufficient volumes and in a cost-effective and timely manner; and
     
  differentiate our product offerings from those of our competitors and successfully respond to other competitive pressures, including technological advancements, evolving industry standards, and changing regulatory requirements.

 

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Our failure to accurately predict changes in consumer demand and technological advancements could negatively impact consumer opinion of our products or our business. In addition, if we do not introduce new products or make enhancements to meet the changing needs of our customers in a cost-effective, timely, and commercially appropriate manner, or if our competitors release new products or product enhancements before we do, some of our product offerings could be rendered obsolete, which could cause our market share to decline and negatively impact our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

If we fail to further penetrate existing markets, the sales of our consumer products, along with our operating results, could be negatively impacted.

 

The success of our consumer product business will be to a large extent contingent on our ability to penetrate existing markets, which is subject to numerous factors, many of which are out of our control. Moreover, our growth in existing markets will depend upon our ability to achieve brand awareness. Therefore, we cannot assure you that our general efforts to achieve market penetration in existing markets will be successful. If we are unable to further penetrate existing markets, our business, financial condition, and operating results could materially suffer.

 

We are subject to governmental regulations in all aspects of our business.

 

Like other companies in the healthcare industry, we are subject to extensive regulation, investigations and legal action, by national, state and local government agencies in the U.S. Regulatory issues regarding compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) by manufacturers of medical devices and consumer products can lead to fines and penalties, product recalls, product shortages, interruptions in production, delays in new product approvals and litigation. In addition, the marketing, pricing and sale of our products are subject to regulation, investigations and legal actions including under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, federal and state false claims acts, state unfair trade practices acts and consumer protection laws. Scrutiny of health care industry business practices by government agencies and state attorneys general in the U.S., and any resulting investigations and prosecutions, carry risk of significant civil and criminal penalties.

 

As we continue to develop our medical devices, if we fail to protect our intellectual property in the future, our ability to compete could be negatively affected, which could materially harm our financial condition and operating results.

 

As we continue to develop our medical devices, such as NEXDrape, our future success and the market for our products will depend to a significant extent upon the goodwill associated with our trademark and tradenames and our ability to protect our proprietary rights in our innovative products and product enhancements. We own, or have licenses to use, the material trademark and trade name rights used in connection with the packaging, marketing, and distribution of our products in the markets where those products are sold. Therefore, trademark and trade name protection are important to our business. Although most of our trademarks are filed in the United States, we may not be successful in asserting trademark or trade name protection or obtaining new trademark registrations.

 

We will attempt to protect our innovative products and product enhancements under a combination of patents, trademarks, and trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures, and contractual provisions. However, monitoring infringement or misappropriation of intellectual property can be difficult and expensive, and we may not be able to detect every infringement or misappropriation of our proprietary rights or to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our proprietary rights or from independently developing non-infringing products that are competitive with, equivalent to, or superior to our products. Even if we do detect infringement or misappropriation of our proprietary rights, litigation to enforce these rights could cause us to divert financial and other resources away from our business operations and may result in the impairment or loss of all or portions of our proprietary rights. As a result, we cannot assure you that we will be able to adequately protect our intellectual property in any jurisdictions. The loss or infringement of our trademarks or tradenames or other proprietary rights could impair the goodwill associated with our brands and harm our reputation, which could materially harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.

 

We have limited sales, marketing and distribution capabilities.

 

We currently have limited sales, marketing and distribution capabilities. We must either develop our own sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, which will be expensive and time consuming, or make arrangements with third parties to perform these services for us. If we enter into third party arrangements, the third parties may not be capable of successfully selling any of our products. If we decide to market any of our products on our own, we will have to commit significant resources to developing a marketing and sales force and supporting distribution capabilities. If we decide to enter into arrangements with third parties for performance of these services, we may find that they are not available on terms acceptable to us, or at all. If we are not able to establish and maintain successful arrangements with third parties or build our own sales and marketing infrastructure, our business and financial condition will be adversely affected.

 

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Our products risk exposure to product liability claims.

 

We are exposed to potential product liability risks, which are inherent in the testing, manufacturing and marketing of our products. We may incur significant expense investigating and defending any product liability claims, even if they do not result in liability. Moreover, even if no judgments, fines, damages or liabilities are imposed on us, our reputation could suffer, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are reliant upon two manufacturers for key ingredients of the manufacture of our hydrogels.

 

The Dow Chemical Company and the BASF Corporation are the principal manufacturers of the two polymers, polyethylene oxide and polyvinylpyrrolidone, respectively, that we primarily use in the manufacture of hydrogels. Although we have not experienced significant production delays attributable to supply changes, we believe that developing alternative sources of supply for the polymers used to make our current hydrogels would be difficult over a short period of time. Because we have no direct control over its third-party suppliers, interruptions or delays in the products and services provided by these third parties may be difficult to remedy in a timely fashion. In addition, if such suppliers are unable or unwilling to deliver the necessary raw materials or products, we may be unable to redesign or adapt our technology to work without such raw materials or products or find alternative suppliers or manufacturers. In such events, we could experience interruptions, delays, increased costs or quality control problems, which would have a material and adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

There can be no assurance that our internal controls over financial reporting will be able to detect fraud or other issues.

 

We will be required under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 to include a report of management on our internal controls that contains an assessment by management of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Because and so long as we are an emerging growth company, our public accounting firm auditing our financial statements will not be required to report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, and our stockholders will not have the benefit thereof. Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. However, a control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. There can be no assurance that all control issues or fraud will be detected. In connection with the Merger, and as we continue to grow our business, our internal controls continue to become more complex and require more resources.

 

Our ability to provide customers with competitive services is dependent on our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel, including our senior management team.

 

Our ability to grow and provide our customers with competitive services is partially dependent on our ability to attract and retain highly motivated people with the skills necessary to serve our customers. Personnel with the requisite skills or qualifications may be in short supply or generally unavailable. The loss of personnel could impair our ability to perform under certain contracts, which could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, prospects and cash flows.

 

Changes in accounting standards and subjective assumptions, estimates and judgments by management related to complex accounting matters could significantly affect our financial results or financial condition.

 

GAAP and related accounting pronouncements, implementation guidelines and interpretations with regard to a wide range of matters that are relevant to our business, including but not limited to revenue recognition, business combinations, impairment of goodwill, indefinite-lived intangible assets and long-lived assets, inventory and equity-based compensation, are highly complex and involve many subjective assumptions, estimates and judgments. Changes in these rules or their interpretation or changes in underlying assumptions, estimates or judgments could significantly change our reported or expected financial performance or financial condition.

 

Our ability to pursue strategic partnerships may impact our ability to compete in the markets we serve or desire to enter.

 

We have entered into, and expect to seek to enter into, additional strategic partnerships with other industry participants as part of an effort to expand our business. However, we may be unable to identify attractive strategic partnership candidates or complete such partnerships on terms favorable to us. In addition, if we are unable to successfully implement our partnership strategies or our strategic partners do not fulfill their obligations or otherwise do not prove advantageous to our business, our investments in such partnerships and our anticipated business expansion could be adversely affected.

 

Achieving our growth objectives may prove unsuccessful. We may be unable to identify future attractive strategic partnerships, which may adversely affect our growth. In addition, our ability to consummate or implement our strategic partnerships may be materially and adversely affected.

 

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Risks Relating to our Common Stock and Capital Structure

 

An active trading market may not develop or be sustained, and our stock price may fluctuate significantly once we do trade.

 

Our common stock and certain of our warrants trade on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “NXGL” and “NXGLW,” respectively. However, prior to December, 2021 there has historically been no public market for our common stock and an active trading market for our common stock may not develop or may not be sustained in the future. The lack of an active market may make it more difficult for stockholders to sell our shares and could lead to our share price being depressed or volatile.

 

We cannot predict the prices at which our common stock may trade. The market price of our common stock may fluctuate widely, depending on many factors, some of which may be beyond our control, including:

 

  actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results due to factors related to our business;
  success or failure of our business strategies;
  our quarterly or annual earnings, or those of other companies in our industry;
  our ability to obtain financing as needed;
  announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions or dispositions;
  changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations or principles;
  the failure of securities analysts to cover our common stock after we commence trading;
  changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts or our ability to meet those estimates;
  the operating and stock price performance of other comparable companies;
  overall market fluctuations;
  results from any material litigation or government investigation;
  changes in laws and regulations (including tax laws and regulations) affecting our business;
  changes in capital gains taxes and taxes on dividends affecting stockholders; and
  general economic conditions and other external factors, including wars such as the current conflict in Ukraine and other geopolitical risks.

 

Furthermore, our business profile and market capitalization may not fit the investment objectives of some of our stockholders and, as a result, these stockholders may sell their shares of our common stock if we are able to list our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market. Substantial sales of our common stock may occur, which could cause our stock price to decline. Low trading volume for our stock, which may occur if an active trading market does not develop, among other reasons, would amplify the effect of the above factors on our stock price volatility.

 

Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market could result in a delisting of our common stock and warrants.

 

If we fail to continue to satisfy the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC such as the corporate governance requirements, the stockholder’s equity requirement or the minimum closing bid price requirement, Nasdaq may take steps to delist our common stock and warrants. Such a delisting or even notification of failure to comply with such requirements would likely have a negative effect on the price of our common stock and warrants and would impair your ability to sell or purchase our common stock and warrants when you wish to do so. In the event of a delisting, we expect that we would take actions to restore our compliance with Nasdaq’s listing requirements, but we can provide no assurance that any such action taken by us would allow our common stock and warrants to become listed again, stabilize the market price or improve the liquidity of our common stock and warrants, prevent our common stock from dropping below the Nasdaq minimum bid price requirement or prevent future non-compliance with Nasdaq’s listing requirements.

 

We cannot assure you that we will pay dividends on our common stock, and our indebtedness may limit our ability to pay dividends on our common stock.

 

The timing, declaration, amount and payment of future dividends to stockholders will fall within the discretion of our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors’ decisions regarding the payment of future dividends will depend on many factors, including our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements of our business and covenants associated with debt obligations, as well as legal requirements, regulatory constraints, industry practice and other factors that our Board of Directors deems relevant. There can be no assurance that we will pay a dividend in the future or continue to pay any dividend if we do commence paying dividends.

 

The interests of our principal stockholders, officers and directors, who collectively beneficially own approximately 27% of our stock, may not coincide with yours and such stockholders will have the ability to control decisions with which you may disagree.

 

As of March 27, 2023, our principal stockholders, officers and directors beneficially owned approximately 27% of our common stock. As a result, our principal stockholders, officers and directors will have the ability to substantially influence matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. In addition, this concentration of ownership may delay or prevent a change in control of our company and make some future transactions more difficult or impossible without the support of our controlling stockholders. The interests of such stockholders may not coincide with your interests or the interests of other stockholders.

 

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If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent fraud and our business may be harmed and our stock price may be adversely impacted.

 

Effective internal controls over financial reporting are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and to effectively prevent fraud. Any inability to provide reliable financial reports or to prevent fraud could harm our business. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires management to evaluate and assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. In order to continue to comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we are required to continuously evaluate and, where appropriate, enhance our policies, procedures and internal controls. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls over financial reporting, we could be subject to litigation or regulatory scrutiny and investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports. We cannot assure you that in the future we will be able to fully comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act or that management will conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective. If we fail to fully comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, our business may be harmed and our stock price may decline.

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research about our business, or publish negative reports about our business, our share price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock, to some extent, may at some point depend on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. If one or more of the analysts elect to cover us and downgrade our shares or lower their opinion of our shares, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts elect to cover us and subsequently cease coverage of our company or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price or trading volume to decline.

 

Future sales or potential sales of our common stock in the public market could cause our share price to decline.

 

If the existing holders of our common stock, particularly our directors and officers, sell a large number of shares, they could adversely affect the market price for our common stock. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales could occur, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

We may issue additional securities in the future upon conversion or exercise of outstanding securities which would result in dilution to our stockholders.

 

As described elsewhere in this Form 10-K, we have previously issued warrants, restricted stock units, and stock options to fund our operations, pay for services rendered and incentivize our employees and directors. The conversion or exercise of these securities would result in substantial dilution to our stockholders. As of the date of the filing of this Form 10-K, we may be required to issue:

 

  524,937 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted average exercise price of $2.351416 per share;
     
  3,637,190 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants at a weighted average exercise price of approximately $5.16281; and
     
  90,432 shares of restricted common stock issuable upon vesting.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” and a “smaller reporting company” and may elect to comply with reduced public company reporting requirements applicable to emerging growth companies, and are subject to lesser public company reporting requirements applicable to smaller reporting companies, which could make our common stock less attractive to investors.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We may take advantage of these reporting exemptions until we are no longer an “emerging growth company.” We will remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest of (i) the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenues of $1.07 billion or more; (ii) the fifth anniversary of the Distribution; (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in nonconvertible debt during the previous three years; or (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” under the Exchange Act. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. In addition, we are a “smaller reporting company” and accordingly are required to provide less public disclosure than larger public companies. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

 

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We will incur costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives.

 

As a public reporting company, and particularly after we are no longer an emerging growth company, we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules subsequently implemented by the SEC, have imposed various requirements on public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. Moreover, these rules and regulations will entail significant legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time consuming and costly. For example, we expect that these rules and regulations may make it difficult and expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept low policy limits and coverage.

 

Provisions in our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws and of Delaware law may prevent or delay an acquisition of our company, which could decrease the trading price of our common stock.

 

Several provisions of our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, Amended and Restated Bylaws and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that stockholders may consider favorable. These include provisions that:

 

  permit us to issue blank check preferred stock as more fully described under “Description of Our Capital Stock Anti-Takeover Effects of Various Provisions of Delaware Law and Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws”;
  require stockholders to follow certain advance notice and disclosure requirements in order to propose business or nominate directors at an annual or special meeting; and
  limit our ability to enter into business combination transactions with certain stockholders.

 

These and other provisions of our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, Amended and Restated Bylaws and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent certain types of transactions involving an actual or a threatened acquisition or change in control of us, including unsolicited takeover attempts, even though the transaction may offer our stockholders the opportunity to sell their shares of our common stock at a price above the prevailing market price. See “Description of Our Capital Stock Anti-Takeover Effects of Various Provisions of Delaware Law and Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws” for more information.

 

Our Amended and Restated Bylaws include a forum selection clause, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us.

 

Our Amended and Restated Bylaws provide that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any internal corporate claims within the meaning of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), (ii) any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (iii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any of our directors, officers, or employees to us or to our stockholders, or (iv) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL, will be a state court located within the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal court for the District of Delaware). Specifically, the sole and exclusive forum for such legal actions shall be (i) first, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, (ii) second, if the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware lacks jurisdiction, the Superior Court of the State of Delaware, or (iii) third, if the Superior Court of the State of Delaware lacks jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, in all cases subject to the court’s having personal jurisdiction over the indispensable parties named as defendants. This exclusive forum provision will apply to state and federal law claims, including claims under the federal securities laws (including actions arising under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act), although our stockholders will not be deemed to have waived our compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. Section 22 of the Securities Act, however, creates concurrent jurisdiction for federal and state courts over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. Accordingly, there is uncertainty as to whether a court would enforce such a forum selection provision as written in connection with claims arising under federal securities laws. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of our capital stock is deemed to have notice of and consented to the foregoing provisions. This forum selection provision in our bylaws may limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us. It is also possible that, notwithstanding the forum selection clause included in our bylaws, a court could rule that such a provision is inapplicable or unenforceable.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

We maintain a combined corporate office and manufacturing facility in Langhorne, Pennsylvania, where we lease approximately 16,500 square feet of office and manufacturing space. Our lease expires on January 31, 2031. We believe that our facility is well maintained and are suitable and adequate for our current needs.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in lawsuits, investigations and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. As of the date of this information statement, we are not a party to any litigation whereby the outcome of such litigation, if determined adversely to us, would materially affect our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

 

Not applicable.

 

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Part II

 

Item 5. Market for the Registrants Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is traded on NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “NXGL” and certain warrants to purchase our common stock issued on December 27, 2021 are trade on NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “NXGLW.”

 

Holders

 

As of March 27, 2023, there were over 1,109 shareholders of record and 5,611,282 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

On November 29, 2021, we effected a 1-for-35 reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, each issued and outstanding share of our common stock, and the per share exercise price of and number of shares of our common stock underlying our outstanding equity awards and warrants, was automatically proportionally adjusted based on the 1-for-35 Reverse Stock Split ratio. No fractional shares of common stock were issued in connection with the reverse stock split, and all such fractional interests were rounded up to the nearest whole number.

 

Sales of Unregistered Securities during the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2022

 

The Company did not sell any unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Issuer Repurchases of Securities during the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2022

 

The Company did not repurchase any of its securities during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.

 

Item 6. [Reserved]

 

The Company is a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and is not required to provide the information under this item.

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis are intended to help prospective investors understand our business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital resources. You should read this discussion in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this information statement.

 

The statements in this discussion regarding industry outlook, expectations regarding our future performance, liquidity and capital resources and other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties described in “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” Actual results may differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

The NexGel Financial Statements, discussed below, reflect the NexGel financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows. The financial information discussed below and included in this information statement, however, may not necessarily reflect what the NexGel financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows would have been had NexGel been operated as a separate, independent entity during the years presented, or what the NexGel financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows may be in the future.

 

Overview

 

We manufacture high water content, electron beam cross-linked, aqueous polymer hydrogels, or gels, used for wound care, medical diagnostics, transdermal drug delivery and cosmetics. We specialize in custom gels by capitalizing on proprietary manufacturing technologies. We have historically served as a contract manufacturer, supplying our gels to third parties who incorporate them into their own products and have recently began producing our own consumer products using our gels focused on proprietary branded products and white label opportunities. Both our gels and our consumer products are manufactured using proprietary and non-proprietary mixing, coating and cross-linking technologies. Together, these technologies enable us to produce gels that can satisfy rigid tolerance specifications with respect to a wide range of physical characteristics (e.g., thickness, water content, adherence, absorption, moisture vapor transmission rate [a measure of the passage of water vapor through a substance] and release rate) while maintaining product integrity. Additionally, we have the manufacturing ability to offer broad choices in the selection of liners onto which the gels are coated. Consequently, we and our customers are able to determine tolerances in moisture vapor transmission rate and active ingredient release rates while personalizing color and texture.

 

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2021 Initial Public Offering

 

On December 27, 2021, the Company sold an aggregate of 2,585,000 units at a price to the public of $5.50 per unit (the “Offering”), each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s common stock and a warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.50 per share

 

Pursuant to the Offering, the Company received gross proceeds of approximately $14.2 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of seven percent (7%) of the gross proceeds and estimated Offering expenses.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following sections discuss and analyze the changes in the significant line items in our statements of operations for the comparison years identified.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2021

 

Revenues, net

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022 revenues were $2.05 million and increased by $497 thousand, or 32.0%, when compared to $1.55 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in our overall revenues was primarily due to sales growth in both our contract manufacturing and branded products.

 

The Company has four distinct lines of business; Contract Manufacturing, Custom & White Label, Consumer Branded Products, and Medical Devices.

 

Contract Manufacturing

 

Customers order rolls of gel (“rollstock”). The rollstock is shipped to our customers, which they package into finished goods. Historically, this has been the Company’s primary source of revenue.

 

Custom & White Label

 

These products often infuse various ingredients into our base gel to develop unique product offerings to satisfy market demand (e.g. aloe infused into the gel for a beauty mask). The rollstock is converted and packaged into salable units. The finished goods are shipped to the customer, who is ultimately responsible for product distribution. Frequently these products started as development deals, in which the customer paid the company a small fee to develop a specific product. Once completed, the customer places a large order for newly developed product.

 

Consumer Branded Products

 

These products are finished goods marketed and sold directly to the customer by the Company through online and retail channels. The Company is responsible for sales, marketing, and distribution. These products carry the Company’s brand names.

 

Medical Devices

 

Medical Devices are a hybrid business, combining elements of Custom & White Label and Consumer Branded Products. Medical Devices, which are not yet marketed, are expected to be distributed through strategic partnerships. The Company will manufacture and possibly convert/package the device while the strategic partner brings the product to market. Small market Medical Devices could be launched by the Company, but also be offered to a distributor to reach the full scale of the market.

 

Gross profit (loss) Our gross profit was $256 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to a gross profit of $8 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in the profit recorded for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to December 31, 2021, was primarily due to the higher volume of contract manufacturing sales against fixed costs and lower manufacturing labor costs. Gross profit was approximately 12.5% for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to a gross profit of 0.5% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The Company anticipates continued improvement in gross margins due to both increased revenue against fixed facility expenses and larger productions runs on commercially proven products.

 

The components of cost of revenues are as follows for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 ($ in thousands):

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Cost of revenues          
Materials and finished products  $541   $520 
Compensation and benefits   702    569 
Depreciation and amortization   83    86 
Equipment, production and other expenses   466    368 
Total cost of revenues  $1,792   $1,543 

 

Cost of revenues increased by $249 thousand, or 16.14%, to $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $1.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in cost of revenues is primarily aligned with the revenue growth in the current year.

 

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Selling, general and administrative expenses. The following table highlights selling, general and administrative expenses by type for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 ($ in thousands):

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Selling, general and administrative expenses          
Compensation and benefits  $526   $381 
Share-based compensation   282    285 
Depreciation and amortization   16    13 
Advertising, marketing, & Amazon fees   

436

    

320

 
Investor & shareholder services   

567

    

429

 
Franchise taxes & corporate insurance   

405

    

129

 
Professional and consulting fees   

643

    

488

 
Other expenses and professional fees   362    502 
Total selling, general and administrative expenses  $3,237   $2,547 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $690 thousand, or 27.09%, to $3.24 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $2.55 million for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily attributable to an increase of franchise tax expense, increased research and development investment, and the costs for professional fees and other administrative expenses in the current year associated with public company governance requirements.

 

Compensation and benefits increased by $145 thousand, or 38.06%, to $526 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $381 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The number of employees increased compared to the prior year and officer compensation increased in conjunction with contract renewals.

 

Share-based compensation decreased by $3 thousand, or 1.1%, to $282 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $285 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The share-based compensation related to the issuance of restricted stock awards and options to our CEO, restricted stock awards to all employees and options to board members, employees, and advisors.

 

Advertising, marketing, Amazon fees increased by $116 thousand, or 36.3%, to $436 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $320 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase is due to the increased Amazon selling fees as well as an increase in advertising and marketing.

 

Investor and shareholder services increased by $138 thousand, or 32.2%, to $567 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $429 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase is due to the increase shareholder requirements in 2022 upon the IPO occurring on December 27, 2021.

 

Franchise taxes and corporate insurance increased by $276 thousand, or 214.0%, to $405 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $129 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The exceptionally high franchise tax was due to the Company’s IPO and the associated increase in gross assets. In August of 2022, the Company reduced its authorized shares at its annual meeting. The result of this reduction, assuming a similar asset base as the Company currently has, will reduce the 2023 franchise tax liability to approximately $24 thousand.

 

Professional and consulting fees increased by $155 thousand, or 31.8%, to $643 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to $488 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. We continued to incur accounting and consulting fees associated with public company governance requirements. However, the increase in professional fees compared to the prior year was in connection with our NASDAQ up-listing on December 27, 2021.

 

Other expenses decreased by $140 thousand, or 27.9%, to $362 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022 from $502 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. Other selling, general and administrative expenses generally consist of costs associated with our selling efforts and general management, including information technology, travel, training and recruiting.

 

Research and development expenses

 

Research and development expenses increased by $336 thousand to $367 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2022 from $31 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase is due to the initiation of two proof of concept studies for drug delivery candidates utilizing our hydrogel technology.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash Flow (in thousands)

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(2,992)  $(2,753)
Net cash used in investing activities   (5,595)   (269)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (3,662)   16,340 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (12,249)   13,318 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   13,350    32 
Cash and cash equivalent at end of year  $1,101   $13,350 

 

As of December 31, 2022, we had $1.1 million of cash and cash equivalents and $5.5 million of marketable securities, compared to $13.4 million of cash at December 31, 2021. Net cash used in operating activities was $3.0 million and $2.80 million for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. See Notes 2 and 3 of our financial statements above for a more detailed discussion of our marketable securities.

 

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Net cash used in investing activities was $5,595 thousand and $269 thousand for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, consisting of purchases of marketable securities of $6,999 thousand, the sales of marketable securities of $1,500 thousand, and purchases of capital equipment of $96 thousand for year ended December 31, 2022 and purchases of capital equipment of $269 thousand in the prior year.

 

Net cash used by financing activities for year ended December 31, 2022 was $3.7 million which is attributable to the principal payments of convertible notes of $3.5 million and payments of $151 thousand made on the operating lease liability. Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $16.3 million which is primarily attributable to the issuance of common stock of $13.5 million, proceeds from notes payable of $142 thousand, proceeds from convertible notes of $3.0 million offset by principal payments on convertible notes of $100 thousand.

 

At December 31, 2022, current assets totaled $7.5 million and current liabilities totaled $859 thousand, as compared to current assets totaling $13.9 million and current liabilities totaling $2.9 million at December 31, 2021. As a result, we had working capital of $6.6 million at December 31, 2022, compared to a working capital of $11.0 million at December 31, 2021. The decrease in the working capital as of December 31, 2022 is primarily attributable to the repayment of convertible notes payable of $3.5 million in the current year.

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. For the foreseeable future, we anticipate that all available funds and any earnings generated in our business will be used to finance the growth of our business and will not be paid out as dividends to our shareholders. Any future determination related to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon, among other factors, our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, contractual restrictions, business prospects and other factors our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

 

Management is exploring new product channel sales in consumer products, such as cosmetics, athletic products, and proprietary medical devices. The Company has increased its focus on sales and developing a sales pipeline for potential customers. This customer base expansion will enable us to provide financial stability for the foreseeable future, expand our current processes, and position us for long-term shareholder value creation.

 

We have sufficient capital to maintain as a going concern due to the capital raise that occurred on December 27, 2021 and we believe we have sufficient cash and marketable securities to operate our business plan through 2025. We intend to maintain and attempt to grow our existing contract manufacturing business. We also plan to continue building and developing our catalog of consumer products for sale to branding partners and to use our in-house capabilities to create and test market additional branded products. These products will be target marketed and sold online through social media, television and online marketplaces. Furthermore, the Company plans to develop its own proprietary medical devices and explore drug delivery programs for its technology. Additionally, the Company continues to evaluate strategic initiatives (e.g., acquisitions) and additional capital raises through debt or equity may be necessary to achieve these objectives.

 

We expect to continue incurring losses for the near-term future. Our ability to continue to operate as a going concern in the long term is dependent upon our ability to manage and grow our current products and to ultimately achieve profitable operations. Management may consider various options to raise capital to fund potential acquisitions through equity or debt offerings. There can be no assurances, however, that management will be able to obtain sufficient additional funds, if needed, or that such funds, if available, will be obtained on terms satisfactory to us. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets and liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern. Additionally, it is reasonably possible that estimates made in the financial statements have been, or will be, materially and adversely impacted in the near term as a result of these conditions, including the recoverability of long-lived assets.

 

Additionally, it is reasonably possible that estimates made in the financial statements have been, or will be, materially and adversely impacted in the near term as a result of these conditions, including the recoverability of long-lived assets.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2022, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements in the nature of guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests in assets transferred to entities (or similar arrangements serving as credit, liquidity or market risk support to entities for any such assets), or obligations (including contingent obligations) arising out of variable interests in entities providing financing, liquidity, market risk or credit risk support to us, or that engage in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of our Financial Statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles is based on the selection and application of accounting policies that require us to make significant estimates and assumptions about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. We consider the accounting policies discussed below to be critical to the understanding of our Financial Statements. Actual results could differ from our estimates and assumptions, and any such differences could be material to our Financial Statements.

 

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Share-based compensation – We utilize share-based compensation in the form of incentive stock options. The fair values of incentive stock option award grants are estimated as of the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. Compensation expense is recognized in the statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period required to obtain full vesting. The expected term of the awards granted is estimated using the simplified method which computes the expected term as the sum of the award’s vesting term plus the original contractual term divided by two.

 

Warrant Liability – Warrants to purchase common stock were issued in connection with equity financing raises which occurred during 2019 through 2021. The fair values of the warrants are estimated as of the date of issuance and again at each year end using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. At issuance, the fair value of the warrant is recognized as an equity issuance cost within additional paid-in-capital. Fair value adjustments to the warrant liability are recognized in other income (expense) in the statements of operations. The expected term of the awards granted are based on either the three-year or five-year contractual expiration date.

 

Black Scholes Inputs - The fair value of each stock option award and warrant issued was estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-valuation model, which requires management to make certain assumptions regarding: (i) fair value of the common stock that underlies the stock option; (ii) the expected volatility in the market price of our common stock; (iii) dividend yield; (iv) risk-free interest rates; and (iv) the period of time employees are expected to hold the award prior to exercise (referred to as the expected term). Under the Black-Scholes option-valuation model, entities typically estimate the expected volatility based on historical volatilities of the entity’s own common stock. Based on the lack of historical data of volatility for the Company’s common stock, the Company based its estimate of expected volatility on a weighted average of the historical volatility of comparable public companies that manufacture similar products and are similar in size, stage of life cycle, and financial leverage. The fair value of the common stock that underlies the stock option is estimated by the Company considering the price of the most recent issuance of the Company’s common stock. The dividend yield is based upon the assumption that the Company will not declare a dividend over the life of the options. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for bonds with maturities consistent with the expected term of the related award.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not required.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - TABLE OF CONTENTS

For the Years Ended December 31, 2022 and 2021

 

  Page(s)
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB ID: 76) F-2
   
Consolidated Financial Statements:  
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2022 and 2021 F-3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

F-1

Table of Contents

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders of

NexGel, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of NexGel, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

Fair Value of Stock Options, Restricted Stock Units, and Warrants

 

Critical Audit Matter Description:

 

As discussed in Note 10 of the notes to consolidated financial statements, the Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of its stock options, restricted stock units, and warrants issued for goods and services. The Black-Scholes option pricing model involves the use of several significant estimates such as the expected life of the award expected, expected share price volatility, dividend yield, and risk-free interest rate.

 

Given the significant estimates involved in estimating the fair value of stock options, restricted stock units, and warrants granted, the related audit effort in evaluating management’s estimates in determining the fair value of stock options required a high degree of auditor judgment.

 

How the Critical Audit Matter was Addressed in the Audit:

 

We obtained an understanding of the Company’s process to estimate the fair value of stock options, including how the Company develops each of the estimates required to utilize the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. We applied the following audit procedures related to testing the Company’s estimates utilized in the Black-Scholes option-pricing model:

 

  - We reviewed the Company’s dividend history, noting the Company has not issued dividends historically and management indicated that no future dividends were currently anticipated.
     
  - We compared the Company’s risk-free interest rate used to the comparable United States treasury yield for a term comparable to the stock options’, restricted stock units’, and/or warrants’ expected term.
     
  - We recalculated the Company’s historical share price volatility for a term comparable to the stock options’, restricted stock units’, and/or warrants’ expected term.
     
  - We recalculated the expected term of the stock options, restricted stock units, and/or warrants using the simplified method.

 

/s/ Turner, Stone & Company, L.L.P.

 

Dallas, Texas

March 27, 2023

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.

 

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NEXGEL, INC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   2022   2021 
   December 31, 
   2022   2021 
ASSETS:          
Current Assets:          
Cash  $1,101   $13,350 
Marketable securities   5,508    - 
Accounts receivable, net   222    209 
Inventory   502    291 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   172    77 
Total current assets   7,505    13,927 
Goodwill   311    311 
Intangibles, net   20    33 
Property and equipment, net   721    723 
Operating lease - right of use asset   1,737    1,926 
Other assets   63    63 
Total assets  $10,357   $16,983 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $265   $254 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   130    62 
Convertible notes payable, net of deferred financing costs   -    2,037 
Notes payable, current portion   15    10 
Warrant liability   242    318 
Operating lease liability, current portion   207    207 
Total current liabilities   859    2,888 
Operating lease liability, net of current portion   1,593    1,744 
Notes payable, net of current portion   268    266 
Total liabilities   2,720    4,898 
           
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 15)   -     -  
           
Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 25,000,000 shares authorized; 5,577,916 and 5,572,234 shares issued and outstanding as of both December 31, 2022 and 2021   6    6 
Additional paid-in capital   19,189    18,891 
Accumulated deficit   (11,558)   (6,812)
Total stockholders’ equity   7,637    12,085 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $10,357   $16,983 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEXGEL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   2022   2021 
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Revenues, net  $2,048   $1,551 
           
Cost of revenues   1,792    1,543 
           
Gross profit   256    8 
           
Operating expenses          
Research and development   367    31 
Selling, general and administrative   3,237    2,547 
Total operating expenses   3,604    2,578 
           
Loss from operations   (3,348)   (2,570)
           
Other income (expense)          
Change in fair value of warrant liability and warrant modification expense   76    8 
Forgiveness of debt   -    275 
Debt financing costs   -    (68)
Unrealized gain on investments in marketable securities   9    - 
Loss on debt extinguishment   (150)   (25)
Interest expense   (1,336)   (1,930)
Other income   3    - 
Total other income (expense)   (1,398)   (1,740)
Net loss  $(4,746)  $(4,310)
           
Net loss per common share – basic and diluted  $(0.85)  $(1.45)
           
Weighted average shares used in computing net loss per common share – basic and diluted   5,574,818    2,979,962 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEXGEL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Years Ended December 31, 2022 and 2021

(in thousands, except share data)

 

   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, December 31, 2020   2,838,047   $            3   $2,570   $(2,502)  $        71 
                          
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs   2,686,800    3    13,468    -    13,471 
Restricted stock vesting   39,524    -    61    -    61 
Beneficial conversion and warrant features of convertible debt   -    -    2,587    -    2,587 
Exercise of stock options   7,183    -    -    -    - 
Share-based compensation   -    -    223    -    223 
Derivative liability - COVA   -    -    (18)   -    (18)
Share adjustment for stock split rounding   680    -    -    -    - 
Net loss   -    -    -    (4,310)   (4,310)
                          
Balance, December 31, 2021   5,572,234   $6   $18,891   $(6,812)  $12,085 

 

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid-in
   Accumulated   Total
Stockholders’
 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance, December 31, 2021   5,572,234   $         6   $18,891   $(6,812)  $  12,085 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    231    -    231 
Restricted stock vesting   5,682    -    67    -    67 
Net loss   -    -    -    (4,746)   (4,746)
                          
Balance, December 31, 2022   5,577,916   $6   $19,189   $(11,558)  $7,637 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEXGEL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

   2022   2021 
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(4,746)  $(4,310)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   112    113 
Share-based compensation   298    285 
Gain on investment in marketable securities   (9)   - 
Changes in fair value of warrant liability   (133)   (8)
Warrant modification expense   57    52 
Forgiveness of debt   -    (275)
Amortization of right of use asset   189    25 
Loss of extinguishment of debt   150    25 
Amortization of deferred financing costs   1,324    1,933 
           
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable, net   (13)   (137)
Inventory   (211)   (58)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (95)   63 
Accounts payable   11    (405)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   74    (18)
Deferred revenue   -    (38)
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities   (2,992)   (2,753)
           
Investing Activities          
Purchases of equipment   (96)   (269)
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities   1,500    - 
Investments in or Purchases of marketable securities   (6,999)   - 
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities   (5,595)   (269)
           
Financing Activities          
Principal payments on operating lease liability   (151)   - 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs   -    13,471 
Proceeds from notes payable   -    15 
Proceeds from convertible notes   -    2,957 
Payment of financing costs   -    (115)
Principal payments of notes payable   -    (15)
Principal payments on convertible notes   (3,511)   (100)
Proceeds from notes payable (PPP)   -    127 
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities   (3,662)   16,340 
           
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash   (12,249)   13,318 
Cash  – Beginning of year   13,350    32 
Cash – End of year  $1,101   $13,350 
Supplemental Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities          
Fair value of beneficial conversion and warrant features of convertible notes payable  $-   $2,587 
Original issue discounts recognized on convertible notes payable  $-   $653 
Warrants issued for debt and equity financing costs  $-   $203 
Operating lease, ROU assets and liabilities  $-   $2,050 
           

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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NEXGEL, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

1. Description of Business, Stock Split and Basis of Presentation

 

NexGel, Inc. (“NexGel” or the “Company”) manufactures high water content, electron beam cross-linked, aqueous polymer hydrogels, or gels, used for wound care, medical diagnostics, transdermal drug delivery and cosmetics. The Company specializes in custom gels by capitalizing on proprietary manufacturing technologies. NexGel has historically served as a contract manufacturer, supplying our gels to third parties who incorporate them into their own products, and has recently began producing the Company’s own consumer products using our gels focused on proprietary branded products and white label opportunities. Both the Company’s gels and consumer products are manufactured using proprietary and non-proprietary mixing, coating and cross-linking technologies. Together, these technologies enable NexGel to produce gels that can satisfy rigid tolerance specifications with respect to a wide range of physical characteristics (e.g., thickness, water content, adherence, absorption, moisture vapor transmission rate (a measure of the passage of water vapor through a substance) and release rate) while maintaining product integrity. Additionally, the Company has the manufacturing capability to offer broad choices in the selection of liners onto which the gels are coated. Consequently, NexGel and our customers are able to determine tolerances in moisture vapor transmission rate and active ingredient release rates while personalizing color and texture.

 

NexGel was previously known as AquaMed Technologies, Inc. (“AquaMed”) before changing its name to NexGel, Inc. on November 14, 2019.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its consolidated wholly-owned subsidiary, NexGelRx, Inc.

 

Stock Split

 

On November 29, 2021, the Company effected a 1-for-35 reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, each issued and outstanding share of our common stock, and the per share exercise price of and number of shares of the Company’s common stock underlying our outstanding equity awards and warrants, was automatically proportionally adjusted based on the 1-for-35 Reverse Stock Split ratio. No fractional shares of common stock were issued in connection with the reverse stock split, and all such fractional interests were rounded up to the nearest whole number. Except as otherwise provided herein, all share and per-share amounts of our common stock, equity awards and warrants, including the shares of common stock and warrants being offered hereby, have been adjusted to give effect to the Reverse Stock Split for all years presented. The Reverse Stock Split did not alter the par value of the Company’s common stock, which remains at $0.001 per share, modify any voting rights or other terms of our common stock, or impact the amount of preferred stock the Company is authorized to issue.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and are presented in US dollars.

 

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2. Going Concern

 

As of December 31, 2022, the Company had a cash balance of $1.1 million (including cash equivalents) and $5.5 million of marketable securities (see Note 3 for details of our marketable securities). For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company incurred a net loss of $4.7 million and had a net usage of cash in operating activities of $3.0 million. In addition, the Company had a working capital of $6.6 million as of December 31, 2022. Additionally, we believe we have sufficient cash and marketable securities to operate our business plan through 2025.

 

On December 27, 2021, the Company sold an aggregate of 2,585,000 units at a price to the public of $5.50 per unit (the “Offering”), each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s common stock and a warrant to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $5.50 per share, for net proceeds of $14.2 million. Proceeds from the Offering have been and are expected to be used for working capital, new product development and testing, and general business operations.

 

Management is exploring new product channel sales in adjacent industries, such as cosmetics, athletic products, and proprietary medical devices. The Company has increased focus on sales and developing a sales pipeline for potential customers. This customer base expansion will enable us to provide financial stability for the foreseeable future, expand our current processes, and position us for long-term shareholder value creation.

 

We have sufficient capital to maintain as a going concern due to the capital raise that occurred on December 27, 2021. We intend to maintain and attempt to grow our existing contract manufacturing business. We also plan to continue building and developing our catalog of consumer products for sale to branding partners and to use our in-house capabilities to create and test market additional branded products. These products will be target marketed and sold online through social media, television and online marketplaces. Furthermore, the Company plans to develop its own proprietary medical devices and explore drug delivery programs for its technology. Additionally, the Company continues to evaluate strategic initiatives (e.g., acquisitions) and additional capital raises through debt or equity may be necessary to achieve these objectives.

 

We expect to continue incurring losses for the near-term future. Our ability to continue to operate as a going concern in the long-term is dependent upon our ability to manage and grow our current products and to ultimately achieve profitable operations. Management may consider various options to raise capital to fund potential acquisitions through equity or debt offerings. There can be no assurances, however, that management will be able to obtain sufficient additional funds, if needed, or that such funds, if available, will be obtained on terms satisfactory to us. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets and liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern. Additionally, it is reasonably possible that estimates made in the consolidated financial statements have been, or will be, materially and adversely impacted in the near term as a result of these conditions, including the recoverability of long-lived assets.

 

3. Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates and assumptions include allowances for doubtful accounts, inventory reserves, deferred taxes, share-based compensation and related valuation allowances and fair value of long-lived assets. Actual results could differ from the estimates.

 

Reclassifications

 

We have reclassified, combined or separately disclosed certain amounts in the prior years’ consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes to conform with the current year’s presentation.

 

Cash

 

Cash is comprised of cash in banks and highly liquid investments, including U.S. treasury bills purchased with an original maturity of three months or less as well as investments in money market funds for which the carrying amount approximates fair value, due to the short maturities of these investments.

 

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Marketable Securities

 

The Company classifies its marketable securities as held-to-maturity, which include U.S. treasury bills with original maturities of greater than three months. These securities are carried at fair value with any change in fair value recorded as an unrealized gain (loss) in the statement of operations of the year in which such change occurs. The total unrealized gain related to the marketable securities was inconsequential during the year ended December 31, 2022. The Company had no marketable securities as of December 31, 2021.

Schedule of Marketable Securities 

   December 31, 
   2022 
Marketable Securities     
United States treasury bills (due February 23, 2023)  $492 
United States treasury bills (due April 27, 2023)   20 
United States treasury bills (due June 15, 2023)   4,384 
United States treasury bills (due July 13, 2023)   127 
United States treasury bills (due August 10, 2023)   485 
Total  $5,508 

 

Accounts Receivable, net

 

Trade accounts receivable are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect and do not bear interest. The Company evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable and records a provision to the allowance for doubtful accounts based on factors including the length of time the receivables are past due, the current business environment and the Company’s historical experience. Provisions to the allowances for doubtful accounts are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. Account balances are charged off against the allowance when it is probable that the receivable will not be recovered. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $9 thousand as of December 31, 2022 and $4 thousand as of December 31, 2021.

 

Inventory and Cost of Revenues

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost, the value determined by the first-in, first-out method, or net realizable value. The Company evaluates inventories for excess quantities, obsolescence, and shelf-life expiration. This evaluation includes an analysis of historical sales levels by product, projections of future demand, the risk of technological or competitive obsolescence for products, general market conditions, and a review of the shelf-life expiration dates for products. These factors determine when, and if, the Company adjusts the carrying value of inventory to estimated net realizable value.

 

The Company produces proprietary branded products and white label opportunities in our manufacturing of consumer products. In our contract manufacturing, the Company builds its products based on customer orders and immediately ships the products upon completion of the production process.

 

The balance is made up of raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods of $295 thousand, $51 thousand, and $156 thousand on December 31, 2022, respectively, and the balance was made up of raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods of $178 thousand, $88 thousand, and $25 thousand on December 31, 2021, respectively. Inventory is maintained at the Company’s warehouse and at an Amazon fulfillment center.

 

The “Cost of revenues” line item in the consolidated statements of operations is comprised of the book value of inventory sold to customers during the reporting period. When circumstances dictate that we use net realizable value as the basis for recording inventory, we base our estimates on expected future selling prices less expected disposal costs.

 

Research and Development

 

Our research and development activities focus on new and innovative products designed to support revenue growth. Research and development expenses consist primarily of contracted development and testing efforts associated with development of products.

 

Shipping and Handling Revenue and Expense

 

Shipping and handling revenue and expense are included in our consolidated statements of operations in revenues and cost of revenues, respectively. This is primarily through shipping fees incurred in the Amazon marketplace.

 

Property and Equipment, net

 

Property and equipment is recorded at historical cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is provided over the assets’ useful lives on a straight-line basis. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or lease terms. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.

 

Management periodically assesses the estimated useful life over which assets are depreciated or amortized. If the analysis warrants a change in the estimated useful life of property and equipment, management will reduce the estimated useful life and depreciate or amortize the carrying value prospectively over the shorter remaining useful life.

 

The carrying amounts of assets sold or retired and the related accumulated depreciation are eliminated in the year of disposal and any resulting gains and losses are included in the results of operations during the same year.

 

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Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company reviews its property and equipment and any identifiable intangibles for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted operating cash flow expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. Long-lived assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

In applying the acquisition method of accounting, amounts assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were based on estimated fair values as of the date of acquisition, with the remainder recorded as goodwill. Identifiable intangible assets are initially recorded at fair value using generally accepted valuation methods appropriate for the type of intangible asset. Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment if indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment within one year of acquisitions or annually as of December 31, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The fair value of intangible assets is compared with their carrying values, and an impairment loss would be recognized for the amount by which a carrying amount exceeds its fair value.

 

The Company performed the annual assessment and concluded it is more likely than not that the fair value exceeds the carrying value and no impairments were recognized in the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.

 

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets are recorded at historical cost and is primarily made up of $63 thousand and $23 thousand of prepaid insurance, and $109 thousand and $54 thousand general prepaid expenses and other current assets in the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 respectively.

 

Other Assets

 

Other Assets is recorded at historical costs, and as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the balance is primarily comprised of spare parts for manufacturing equipment. Other assets are stated at cost and are not subject to depreciation, until such time that they are placed into service and the part that is being replaced is disposed.

 

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Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company utilizes the fair value hierarchy to apply fair value measurements. The fair value hierarchy is based on inputs to valuation techniques that are used to measure fair values that are either observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability based on market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect a reporting entity’s pricing based upon its own market assumptions. The basis for fair value measurements for each level within the hierarchy is described below:

 

Level 1 —Quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

Level 2 —Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.

 

Level 3 —Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs to the valuation model are unobservable.

 

The Company considers the carrying amounts of its financial instruments (cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable) in the balance sheet to approximate fair value because of the short-term or highly liquid nature of these financial instruments.

 

The following table sets forth the fair value of the Company’s financial assets within the fair value hierarchy:

 

   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value 
       December 31, 2022         
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Fair Value 
Assets                    
Marketable securities:                    
United States treasury bills  $5,508   $-   $-   $5,508 
Total  $5,508   $-   $-   $5,508 

 

Warrant Liability

 

Warrants to purchase common stock were issued in connection with equity financing raises, which occurred during 2019 through 2021. The fair values of the warrants are estimated as of the date of issuance and again at each year end using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. At issuance, the fair values of the warrant are recognized as an equity issuance cost within additional paid-in-capital. Fair value adjustments to the warrant liability are recognized in other income (expense) in the statements of operations.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than required under existing GAAP including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The Company adopted ASC 606 for all applicable contracts using the modified retrospective method, which would have required a cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, as of the date of adoption. The adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of the date of adoption. As a result, a cumulative-effect adjustment was not required.

 

The Company currently recognizes revenue predominately from three types of revenue, contract manufacturing, custom and white label finished goods manufacturing and our branded products. Revenues from manufactured products are recognized at the point where the customer obtains control of the goods and the Company satisfies its performance obligation, which generally is at the time the customer receives the product.

 

The Company’s customers consist of other life sciences companies and Amazon retail customers. Revenues are entirely concentrated in the United States. Payment terms vary by the type and location of customer and may differ by jurisdiction and customer but payment is generally required in a term ranging from 30 to 60 days from date of shipment.

 

Estimates for product returns, allowances and discounts are recorded as a reduction of revenue and are established at the time of sale. Returns are estimated through a comparison of historical return data and are determined for each product and adjusted for known or expected changes in the marketplace specific to each product, when appropriate. Historically, sales return provisions have not been material. Amounts accrued for sales allowances and discounts are based on estimates of amounts that are expected to be claimed on the related sales and are based on historical data. Payments for allowances and discounts have historically been immaterial.

 

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Disaggregated revenue by sales type:

  

   2022   2021 
   Year Ended 
   December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Contract manufacturing  $1,033   $767 
Custom and white label finished goods manufacturing   34    194 
NexGel branded consumer products   815    488 
Other   166    102 
Total  $2,048   $1,551 

 

As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company did not have any contract assets or contract liabilities from contracts with customers and there were no remaining performance obligations that the Company had not satisfied.

 

The Company has four distinct lines of business; Contract Manufacturing, Custom & White Label, Consumer Branded Products, and Medical Devices.

 

Contract Manufacturing

 

Customers order rolls of gel (“rollstock”). The rollstock is shipped to our customers, which they package into finished goods. Historically, this has been the Company’s primary source of revenue.

 

Custom & White Label

 

These products often infuse various ingredients into our base gel to develop unique product offerings to satisfy market demand (e.g. aloe infused into the gel for a beauty mask). The rollstock is converted and packaged into salable units. The finished goods are shipped to the customer, who is ultimately responsible for product distribution. Frequently these products started as development deals, in which the customer paid the Company a small fee to develop a specific product. Once completed, the customer places a large order for newly developed product.

 

Consumer Branded Products

 

These products are finished goods marketed and sold directly to the customer by the Company through online and retail channels. The Company is responsible for sales, marketing, and distribution. These products carry the Company’s brand names.

 

Medical Devices

 

Medical Devices are a hybrid business, combining elements of Custom & White Label and Consumer Branded Products. Medical Devices, which are not yet marketed, are expected to be distributed through strategic partnerships. The Company will manufacture and possibly convert/package the device while the strategic partner brings the product to market. Small market Medical Devices could be launched by the Company, but also be offered to a distributor to reach the full scale of the market.

 

Share-based Compensation

 

On August 28, 2019, the Company adopted the 2019 Long-Term Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2019 Plan”). See Note 10 and note 18 below for further details regarding the 2019 Plan.

 

The 2019 Plan provides certain employees, contractors, and outside directors with share-based compensation in the form of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance awards, dividend equivalent rights and other awards. The fair values of incentive stock option award grants are estimated as of the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. Compensation expense is recognized in the statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period required to obtain full vesting. Forfeitures are accounted for when they occur.

 

In June 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. These amendments expand the scope of Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. This new standard was effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. The Company early adopted this new standard in the third quarter of 2019 and it did not have a material impact to its consolidated financial statements.

 

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Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities at the applicable tax rates. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates.

 

Tax benefits are recognized from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by a tax authority and based upon the technical merits of the tax position. The tax benefit recognized in the consolidated financial statements for a particular tax position is based on the largest benefit that is more likely than not to be realized upon settlement. An unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion thereof, is presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward if such settlement is required or expected in the event the uncertain tax position is disallowed.

 

Leases

 

ASC 842 requires recognition of leases on the consolidated balance sheets as right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use underlying assets for the lease terms and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the leases. Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value and future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company used its estimated incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. A number of the lease agreements contain options to renew and options to terminate the leases early. The lease term used to calculate ROU assets and lease liabilities only includes renewal and termination options that are deemed reasonably certain to be exercised.

 

The Company recognized lease liabilities, with corresponding ROU assets, based on the present value of unpaid lease payments for existing operating leases longer than twelve months. The ROU assets were adjusted per ASC 842 transition guidance for existing lease-related balances of accrued and prepaid rent, and unamortized lease incentives provided by lessors. Operating lease cost is recognized as a single lease cost on a straight-line basis over the lease term and is recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. Variable lease payments for common area maintenance, property taxes and other operating expenses are recognized as expense in the year when the changes in facts and circumstances on which the variable lease payments are based occur. The Company has elected not to separate lease and non-lease components for all property leases for the purposes of calculating ROU assets and lease liabilities.

 

Segment reporting

 

The Company operates in one business segment as a contract manufacturer of aqueous polymer hydrogels. As a result, the Company’s operations are a single reportable segment, which is consistent with the Company’s internal management reporting.

 

Comprehensive loss

 

Comprehensive loss consists of net loss and changes in equity during a year from transactions and other equity and circumstances generated from non-owner sources. The Company’s net loss equals comprehensive loss for all years presented,

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the FASB, or other standard setting bodies and adopted by us as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

 

In June 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 significantly changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. ASU 2016-13 will require immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur over the remaining life of many financial assets, which will generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for credit losses on loans and other financial instruments. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2023 and subsequent interim periods. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2016-13 will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. ASU 2017-04 simplifies the manner in which an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Under the amendments in ASU 2017-04, an entity should (1) perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, and (2) recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, with the understanding that the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, ASU 2017-04 requires any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. We adopted ASU 2017-04 effective January 1, 2021.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. This guidance will be effective for entities for the fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020 on a prospective basis, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2019-12 effective January 1, 2021 and the adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

4. Leases

 

The Company has one operating lease for a commercial manufacturing facility and administrative offices located in Langhorne, Pennsylvania that runs through January 2031. There are two options that can extend the lease term for five years each. The exercise of the lease options to renew is solely at the Company’s discretion.

 

The following table presents information about the amount and timing of the liability arising from the Company’s operating lease as of December 31, 2022 ($ in thousands):

  

Maturity of Lease Liability  Operating
Lease
Liability
 
2023  $207 
2024   207 
2025   207 
2026   263 
2027   274 
Thereafter   890 
Total undiscounted operating lease payments  $2,048 
Less: Imputed interest   (248)
Present value of operating lease liability  $1,800 
Weighted average remaining lease term   8.1 years 
Weighted average discount rate   3.0%

 

Total operating lease expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 was $246 and $233 thousand respectively, and is recorded in cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses within the statements of operations.

 

Supplemental cash flows information related to leases was as follows ($ in thousands):

  

   December 31, 
   2022 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liability:     
Operating cash flows from operating lease  $207 
      

 

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5. Inventory

 

Inventory consists of the following ($ in thousands):

  

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Raw materials  $295   $178 
Work-in-progress   51    88 
Finished goods   156    25 
Inventory, gross   502    291 
Less: Inventory reserve for excess and slow moving inventory   -    - 
Total  $502   $291 

 

Inventory is maintained at the Company’s warehouse, an outsourced third-party contract manufacturing vendor, and at Amazon fulfillment centers. The Company builds its contract manufacturing products based on customer orders and immediately ships the products upon completion of the production process.

 

6. Property and Equipment, Net

 

Property and equipment consist of the following ($ in thousands):

  

   Useful Life   December 31,   December 31, 
   (Years)   2022   2021 
Machinery and equipment   3 - 10   $973   $940 
Office furniture and equipment   3 - 10    59    50 
Leasehold improvements   6    228    228 
Construction in progress   N/A    55    - 
Property and equipment, gross        1,315    1,218 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization        (594)   (495)
Property and equipment, net       $721   $723 

 

Depreciation expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 was $99 thousand and $99 thousand, respectively.

 

7. Intangible Assets

 

The following provides a breakdown of identifiable intangible assets as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 ($ in thousands):

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2022   2021 
Product/Technology Related          
Identifiable intangible assets, gross  $31   $31 
Accumulated amortization   (26)   (16)
Product/Technology related identifiable intangible assets, net   5    15 
Marketing Related          
Customer related intangible asset, gross   17    17 
Tradename related intangible asset, gross   7    7 
Accumulated amortization   (9)   (6)
Marketing related identifiable intangible assets, net   15    18 
Total identifiable intangible assets, net  $20   $33 

 

In connection with the May 29, 2020 acquisition of Sports Defense, the Company identified intangible assets of $55 thousand representing technology related and customer related intangibles. These assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their weighted average estimated useful life of 5.1 years and amortization expense amounted to $13 thousand for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.

 

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As of December 31, 2022, the estimated annual amortization expense for each of the next five fiscal years is as follows ($ in thousands):

  

      
2023  $8 
2024   2 
2025   2 
2026   2 
2027   2 
Thereafter