485APOS 1 n1a0213.htm STARBOARD INVESTMENT TRUST - CV SECTOR ROTATIONAL FUND n1a0213.htm
 
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 4, 2013
File Nos. 333-159484 and 811-22298
 

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
FORM N-1A
 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
[X]
Pre-Effective Amendment No.       
[   ]
Post-Effective Amendment No.   98  
[X]
and/or
 
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940
[X]
Amendment No.   102
[X]
(Check appropriate box or boxes)
 
Starboard Investment Trust
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
 
116 South Franklin Street, P. O. Box 69, Rocky Mount, NC  27802
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
252-972-9922
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)
 
A. Vason Hamrick
116 S. Franklin Street, P.O. Box 69, Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27802
(Name and Address of Agent for Service)
 
With copy to:
Terrence O. Davis
Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, PC
920 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Suite 900
Washington, DC 20001

Approximate Date of Proposed Public Offering:                    As soon as practicable after the effective
date of this Registration Statement
 
It is proposed that this filing will become effective: (check appropriate box)

[   ] immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)
[   ] on (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)
[   ] 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
[   ] on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
[X] 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)
[   ] on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485
 
 
 

 
STARBOARD INVESTMENT TRUST

CONTENTS OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT


This registration statement consists of the following papers and documents:

Cover Sheet
Contents of Registration Statement
CV Sector Rotational Fund
Part A – Prospectus
Part B – Statement of Additional Information
Part C – Other Information and Signature Page
Exhibit Index
Exhibits

 
 

 

PART A

FORM N-1A

PROSPECTUS
 
 

 

 


 
CV Sector Rotational Fund
Institutional Class Shares (____X)
Retail Class Shares (____X)
 
A series of the
Starboard Investment Trust
 


 
 
PROSPECTUS
 
 
_________, 2013
 
This prospectus contains information about the CV Sector Rotational Fund that you should know before investing.  You should read this prospectus carefully before you invest or send money, and keep it for future reference.  This prospectus relates to the Institutional Class Shares and Retail Class Shares offered by the Fund. For questions or for Shareholder Services, please call 1-800-773-3863.
 
Investment Advisor
 
CV Investment Advisors, LLC
300 Four Falls Corporate Center
Suite 200
West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428
 
  The securities offered by this prospectus have not been approved or disapproved by the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor has the Securities and Exchange Commission passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
 


 
 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
 
Summary
2
Principal Investment Objective, Strategies, and Risks
9
Investment Objective
9
Principal Investment Strategy
9
Principal Risks of Investing in the Fund
11
Non-Principal Investment Policies and Risks
14
Management of the Fund
15
Investment Advisor
15
Investment Sub-Advisor
15
Distributor
16
Additional Infomration on Expenses
17
Investing in the Fund
18
Purchase Options
18
Purchase and Redemption Price
18
Buying or Selling Shares Through a Financial Intermediary
21
Purchasing Shares
21
Redeeming Shares
23
Frequent Purchases and Redemptions
26
Other Important Investment Information
28
Dividends, Distributions, and Taxes
28
Financial Highlights
28
Additional Information
Back Cover

 
 

 
 
SUMMARY
 
INVESTMENT OBJECTIVE
 
The CV Sector Rotational Fund seeks to provide long-term growth of capital.
 
 
FEES AND EXPENSES OF THE FUND
 
These tables describe the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.
 
Shareholder Fees
   
(fees paid directly from your investment)
   
 
Institutional
Retail
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed On Purchases  (as a % of offering price)
None
None
Redemption Fee
None
None
Exchange Fee
None
None

Annual Fund Operating Expenses1
   
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
 
Institutional
Retail
Management Fees
1.00%
1.00%
Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees
None
0.25%
Other Expenses2
1.50%
1.50%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
2.50%
2.75%
   Fee Waiver and/or Expense Limitation2
1.00%
1.00%
   Net Annual Fund Operating Expenses
1.50%
1.75%
 
1.     Since the Fund is newly organized, “Other Expenses” are based on estimated expenses for the current fiscal year.
 
2.     The Fund’s administrator has entered into a Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement with the Fund that runs through January 31, 2015.  The agreement can only be terminated prior to that date at the discretion of the Fund’s Board of Trustees.  The Fund’s administrator receives payments under the agreement at a maximum annual rate of 0.50%.  In conjunction with the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement, the Advisor has entered into an Operating Plan with the Fund’s administrator, also through January 31, 2015, under which it has agreed (i) to pay the administrator a fee based on the daily average net assets of the Fund when net assets are below $38 million; (ii) if these payments are less than a designated minimum, then the Advisor pays a fee that makes up the difference; and (iii) to assume expenses of the Fund outlined in the Operating Plan that
 
 
2

 
are not covered by the fee paid under Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement.  These measures are intended to limit the Fund’s operating expenses to 1.50% of the average daily net assets, exclusive of taxes, interest, brokerage fees and commissions, expenses on short sales, acquired fund fees and expenses, and extraordinary expenses.  The Funds net expense ratio will be higher than 1.50% to the extent that the Fund incurs expenses excluded from this arrangement.  The Operating Plan can only be terminated prior to the conclusion of the current term with the approval of the Fund’s Board of Trustees.
 
Example. This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.  The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods.  The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same.  Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
Class
1 Year
3 Years
Institutional Class
$153
$683
Retail Class
$178
$759
 
Portfolio Turnover. The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio).  A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account.  These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance.
 
 
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES
 
To achieve its investment objective, the Fund’s investment sub-advisor, ICC Capital Management Inc. (the “Sub-Advisor”), will, under normal market conditions, employ the following strategies:
 
·  
Common Stocks.  The Fund invests at least 65% of its total assets in common stocks and similar securities, including preferred stocks, warrants, securities convertible into common stocks and securities purchased on a when-issued basis.  The Fund invests its assets in stocks of companies without regard to market capitalizations, including small and mid-cap companies.  The Fund will also invest in a limited number of securities.
 
·  
Growth Stocks.  The Fund invests a large portion of its assets (in excess of 25%) in stocks of companies in the same industry sector when the Fund’s Sub-adviser believes that industry sector has an above-average prospect for achieving superior growth.
 
 
3

 
·  
Special Situations.  The Fund invests up to 25% of its assets in “special situation” securities when the Fund’s Sub-adviser believes such investments will help the Fund.  A special situation arises when, in the Sub-adviser’s opinion, the securities of a company will experience an unusual gain or loss solely by reason of a development particularly or uniquely applicable to that company.  Special situations include, but are not limited to, spin-offs, corporate restructurings, liquidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations, material litigation, technological breakthroughs and new management or management policies.
 
·  
Portfolio Turnover.  The Fund employs an aggressive strategy of portfolio trading to respond to changes in the marketplace; therefore the Fund will have a portfolio turnover rate that is significantly higher than other mutual funds.
 
·  
Foreign Securities.  The Fund invests up to 25% of its net assets in foreign securities, including American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”).  The Fund’s Sub-adviser will generally select foreign securities on a stock-by-stock basis based on total return potential.
 
There are two primary reasons that the Sub-adviser decides to sell a stock: valuation and/or deteriorating fundamentals.  With respect to valuation, the Sub-adviser regularly translates the current price of a security into a measure of the implied future returns on invested capital for a company.  The Sub-adviser looks to reallocate assets to other, more attractive situations when valuations reach levels at or above its assessment of reasonable future returns on capital.  With respect to deteriorating fundamentals, before initiating a position, the Sub-adviser sets clear objectives that it expects the company to meet or exceed.  After establishing an investment thesis and setting targets for management, the Sub-adviser closely monitors progress.  The Sub-adviser will likely sell a position if a company delivers results below expectations, changes management, or encounters competitive forces that change our outlook.
 
The Fund may, from time to time, take temporary defensive positions that are inconsistent with the Fund’s principal investment strategy in an attempt to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions.  During such an unusual set of circumstances, the Fund may hold up to 100% of its portfolio in cash or cash equivalent positions.  When the Fund takes temporary defensive positions, the Fund may not be able to achieve its investment objective.
 
 
PRINCIPAL RISKS OF INVESTING IN THE FUND
 
The loss of your money is a principal risk of investing in the Fund.  Investments in the Fund are subject to investment risks, including the possible loss of some or the entire principal amount invested.  There can be no assurance that the Fund will be successful in meeting its investment objective.  Generally, the Fund will be subject to the following principal risks:
 
General Market Risk. The Fund’s net asset value and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities. Certain securities held by the Fund may be worth less than the price originally paid for them, or less than they were worth at an earlier time.
 
 
4

 
Common Stock Risk.  The Fund’s investments in shares of common stock, both directly and indirectly through the Fund’s investment in shares of other investment companies, may fluctuate in value response to many factors, including the activities of the individual issuers whose securities the Fund owns, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Such price fluctuations subject the Fund to potential losses.  Common stock generally is subordinate to preferred stock and debt securities with respect to the payment of dividends and upon the liquidation or bankruptcy of the issuing company.
 
Large-Cap Securities Risk.  Stocks of large companies as a group can fall out of favor with the market, causing the Fund to underperform investments that have a greater focus on mid-cap or small-cap stocks.
 
Small-Cap and Mid-Cap Securities Risk. The Fund may invest in securities of small-cap and mid-cap companies, which involve greater volatility than investing in larger and more established companies.  Small-cap and mid-cap companies can be subject to more abrupt or erratic share price changes than larger, more established companies.  Securities of these types of companies have limited market liquidity, and their prices may be more volatile.
 
Growth Stock Risk. The Fund invests in companies that appear to be growth-oriented.  If the Fund’s perceptions of a company’s potential are wrong, the securities purchased may not perform as expected, reducing the Fund’s return.
 
Sector Focus Risk. The Fund’s performance may be closely tied to the performance of companies in a limited number of sectors and could be more volatile than the performance of less focused funds.  Companies in a single sector or related sectors can react similarly to market, economic, political, regulatory, and geopolitical conditions.
 
Special Situations Risk. The Fund invests in “special situations.”  Special situations often involve much greater risk than is found in the normal course of investing.  Liquidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations, material litigation, technological breakthroughs and new management or management policies may not have the effect on a company’s price that the Fund’s Sub-adviser expects, which could negatively impact the Fund.  To minimize these risks, the Fund will limit its investments to no more than 25% of the Fund’s total net assets (valued at the time of investment).
 
Other Equity Securities Risk.  In addition to shares of common stock, the equity securities held by the Fund may include preferred stocks, convertible preferred stocks, and warrants.  Like shares of common stock, the value of these equity securities may fluctuate in response to many factors, including the activities of the issuer, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Also, regardless of any one company’s particular prospects, a declining stock market may produce a decline in prices for all equity securities, which could also result in losses for the Fund.
 
 
5

 
Foreign Investment Risk.  The Fund’s investments in foreign securities involve risks different from those associated with domestic securities.  There may be less government supervision of foreign markets in which the Fund invests, resulting in non-uniform accounting practices and less publicly available information about issuers of foreign currency denominated securities.  The value of the Fund’s foreign investments may be affected by changes in exchange control regulations, application of foreign tax laws, changes in economic or monetary policies, or changed circumstances in dealings between nations.  Investments in foreign issues could be affected by other factors not present in the United States, including expropriation, armed conflict, confiscatory taxation, and potential difficulties in enforcing contractual obligations.  Foreign brokerage commissions, custody fees, and other costs of investing in foreign securities will result in the Fund incurring higher transaction costs.
 
Emerging Markets Risk.  The Fund may invest in emerging markets, which are markets of countries in the initial stages of industrialization and generally have low per capital income.  In addition to the risks of foreign securities in general, countries in emerging markets are generally more volatile and can have relatively unstable governments, social and legal systems that do not protect shareholders, economies based on only a few industries, and securities markets that trade a small number of issues which could reduce liquidity.
 
Currency Risk.  Currency risk is the chance that changes in currency exchange rates will negatively affect the Fund.  The Fund’s indirect and direct exposure to foreign currencies subjects the Fund to the risk that those currencies will decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar, or, in the case of short positions, that the U.S. dollar will decline in value relative to the currency being hedged.  Adverse changes in currency exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar may diminish gains from investments denominated in a foreign currency or may widen existing losses.  Currency gains and losses can occur regardless of the performance of the underlying investment.
 
Depository Receipts.  The Fund may invest in the securities of foreign issuers in the form of depository receipts or other securities convertible into securities of foreign issuers, including both sponsored and unsponsored American Depository Receipts and Global Depository Receipts.  Depository receipts are issued by a bank or trust company and evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by a foreign corporation.  Unsponsored depository receipt programs are organized independently of the issuer of the underlying securities and, consequently, available information concerning the issuer may not be as current as for sponsored depository receipts and the prices of unsponsored depository receipts may be more volatile.  The Fund’s investments in depository receipts are generally subject to the same risks as the foreign securities that they evidence or into which they may be converted.
 
Portfolio Turnover Risk. The Fund’s portfolio manager may engage in aggressive portfolio trading.  As a result, the Fund could experience higher than average portfolio turnover.  A higher rate of portfolio turnover in any year may increase brokerage commissions paid and could generate greater taxes for shareholders on realized investment gains.
 
 
6

 
Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is not a “diversified” fund, which means the Fund may allocate its investments to a relatively small number of issuers or to a single industry, making it more susceptible to adverse developments of a single issuer or industry.  As a result, investing in the Fund is potentially more risky than investing in a diversified fund that is otherwise similar to the Fund.
 
New Fund Risk.  The Fund was formed in 2013.  Accordingly, investors in the Fund bear the risk that the Fund may not be successful in implementing its investment strategy, may not employ a successful investment strategy, or may fail to attract sufficient assets under management to realize economies of scale, any of which could result in the Fund being liquidated at any time without shareholder approval and at a time that may not be favorable for all shareholders.  Such a liquidation could have negative tax consequences for shareholders and will cause shareholders to incur expenses of liquidation.
 
Operating Risk.  The Advisor and the Fund’s administrator have entered into an Operating Plan that facilitates the administrator’s assumption of the Fund’s regular operating expenses under the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement.  The Operating Plan obligates the Advisor to pay certain expenses of the Fund in order to help limit its annual operating expenses.  If the Advisor, however, does not have sufficient revenue to support those expenses, the Advisor may be compelled to either resign or become insolvent.  In addition, if the Fund incurs expenses in excess of those that the Fund’s administrator has agreed to pay and the Advisor is not able or willing to pay the excess costs, those excess costs will increase the Fund’s expenses.
 
 
PERFORMANCE INFORMATION
 
Performance information will be available after a full calendar year of operations.  This information will give some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by comparing the Fund’s performance with a broad measure of market performance.  You may request a copy of the Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports, once available, at no charge by calling the Fund.
 
 
MANAGEMENT OF THE FUND’S PORTFOLIO
 
Investment Advisor.  The Fund’s investment advisor is CV Investment Advisors, LLC.
 
Investment Sub-Advisor.  ICC Capital Management Inc. is the Fund’s investment sub-advisor.
 
Portfolio Managers.  The Fund’s portfolio will be managed on a day-to-day basis by G. Michael Mara, Michael Barron, Bart McMurry, and Robert Dombrower.  Mr. Mara is Managing Director and Portfolio Manager of the Sub-Advisor.  Mr. Barron is Director and Portfolio Manager of the Sub-Advisor.  Mr. McMurry is Chief Investment Officer of the Sub-Advisor.  Mr. Dombrower is Senior Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Sub-Advisor.
 
 
7

 
 
PURCHASE AND SALE OF FUND SHARES
 
The minimum initial investment is $2,000 for the Retail class and $1 million for the Institutional class.  The minimum subsequent investment is $100.  The minimums may be waived or reduced in some cases.
 
You can redeem Fund shares directly from the Fund by mail, facsimile, telephone, and bank wire.  Redemption orders by mail should be sent to CV Capital Opportunities Fund, c/o Nottingham Shareholder Services, Post Office Box 4365, Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27803-0365.  Redemption orders by facsimile should be transmitted to 252-972-1908.  Please call the Fund at 1-800-773-3863 to conduct telephone transactions or to receive wire instructions for bank wire orders.  Investors who wish to redeem Fund shares through a broker-dealer should contact the broker-dealer directly.
 
 
TAX INFORMATION
 
The Fund’s distributions will generally be taxed to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account.  Distributions on investments made through tax deferred vehicles, such as 401(k) plans or IRAs, may be taxed later upon withdrawal of assets from those accounts.
 
 
FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY COMPENSATION
 
If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services.  These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment.  Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
 

 
8

 
 
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT OBJECTIVE, STRATEGIES, AND RISKS
 
INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES
 
The CV Sector Rotational Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to provide long-term growth of capital.  Current income is not a significant investment consideration and any such income realized will be considered incidental to the Fund’s investment objective.  The Fund’s investment objective may be changed without shareholder approval upon sixty days’ prior written notice to shareholders.
 
 
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES
 
To achieve its investment objective, the Fund’s investment Sub-adviser, ICC Capital Management, Inc. (the “Sub-adviser”), will, under normal market conditions, employ the following strategies:
 
·  
Common Stocks.  The Fund normally invests at least 65% its total assets in common stocks and similar securities, including preferred stocks, warrants, securities convertible into common stocks and securities purchased on a when-issued basis.  The Fund invests its assets in stocks of companies without regard to market capitalizations, including small and mid-cap companies. The Fund is not constrained to any particular investment style.  The Fund may invest in stocks of companies it believes to have above average earnings growth potential compared to other companies (growth companies), in the stocks of companies it believes are undervalued compared to their perceived worth (value companies), or a combination of growth and value companies.   The Fund may also invest in a limited number of securities.
 
The Sub-Advisor uses both a bottom- up and a top down (macro) investment approach in buying and selling investments for the fund.  Investments are selected based on fundamental, quantitative and technical analysis.  The Fund conducts fundamental analysis on each stock in consideration of financial condition as well as market, economic, political and regulatory conditions.  Relative ranking quantitative models are used to systematically evaluate a stock’s valuation, price, price trends, earnings momentum, earnings quality and other factors.  Technical analysis is employed to view market direction, and each stock’s relative strength, momentum, trend and additional technical vantage points.
 
·  
Growth Stocks.  The Fund invests a large portion of its assets (in excess of 25%) in stocks of companies in the same industry sector when the Fund’s Sub-adviser believes that industry sector has an above-average prospect for achieving superior growth.
 
·  
Special Situations.  The Fund invests up to 25% its assets in “special situation” securities when the Fund’s Sub-adviser believes such investments will help the Fund.  A special situation arises when, in the Sub-adviser’s opinion, the securities of a company will experience an unusual gain or loss solely by reason of a development particularly or uniquely applicable to that company.  Special situations include, but are not limited to, spin-offs, corporate restructurings, liquidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations, material litigation, technological breakthroughs and new management or management policies.
 
 
9

 
·  
Portfolio Turnover.  The Fund employs an aggressive strategy of portfolio trading to respond to changes in the marketplace; therefore the Fund may have a portfolio turnover rate that is significantly higher than other mutual funds.
 
·  
Foreign Securities.  The Fund invests up to 25% of its net assets in foreign securities, including American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”).  (ADRs are receipts issued by a U.S. depository (usually a U.S. bank) that represent an ownership interest in an underlying foreign security that is held by the depository.)  The Fund’s Sub-adviser will generally select foreign securities on a stock-by-stock basis based on total return potential.
 
The Sub-adviser reinvests the Fund’s assets in different industry sectors as appropriate when it believes that an industry sector should be over-weighted.  The Fund will generally invest for the long term, but may occasionally invest on a short-term basis when the Fund’s sub-adviser believes that it will benefit the Fund.  Short-term transactions may also result from liquidity needs, securities having reached a price or yield objective, changes in interest rates, or by reason of economic or other developments not foreseen at the time of the investment decision.  Portfolio turnover rates are generally not a factor in making buy and sell decisions.
 
There are two primary reasons that the Sub-adviser decides to sell a stock: valuation and/or deteriorating fundamentals.  With respect to valuation, the Sub-adviser regularly translates the current price of a security into a measure of the implied future returns on invested capital for a company.  The Sub-adviser looks to reallocate assets to other, more attractive situations when valuations reach levels at or above its assessment of reasonable future returns on capital.  With respect to deteriorating fundamentals, before initiating a position, the Sub-adviser sets clear objectives that it expects the company to meet or exceed.  After establishing an investment thesis and setting targets for management, the Sub-adviser closely monitors progress.  The Sub-adviser will likely sell a position if a company delivers results below expectations, changes management, or encounters competitive forces that change our outlook.
 
The Fund may, from time to time, take temporary defensive positions that are inconsistent with the Fund’s principal investment strategy in an attempt to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions.  During such an unusual set of circumstances, the Fund may hold up to 100% of its portfolio in cash or cash equivalent positions.  When the Fund takes temporary defensive positions, the Fund may not be able to achieve its investment objective.
 
 
10

 
 
PRINCIPAL RISKS OF INVESTING IN THE FUND
 
As with all mutual funds, there is the risk that you could lose money on your investment in the Fund.  The following risks could affect the value of your investment:
 
General Market Risk. The Fund’s net asset value and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities. Market prices for securities change daily as a result of many factors, including developments affecting the condition of both individual companies and the market in general.  The price of a security may even be affected by factors unrelated to the value or condition of its issuer, such as changes in interest rates, economic and political conditions, and general market conditions.  The Fund’s performance per share will change daily in response to such factors.
 
Common Stock Risk.  The Fund’s investments in shares of common stock, both directly and indirectly through the Fund’s investment in shares of other investment companies, may fluctuate in value response to many factors, including the activities of the individual issuers whose securities the Fund owns, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Such price fluctuations subject the Fund to potential losses.  During temporary or extended bear markets, the value of common stocks will decline, which could also result in losses for the Fund.  Common stock generally is subordinate to preferred stock and debt securities with respect to the payment of dividends and upon the liquidation or bankruptcy of the issuing company.
 
Large-Cap Securities Risk.  Stocks of large companies as a group can fall out of favor with the market, causing the Fund to underperform investments that have a greater focus on mid-cap or small-cap stocks. Larger, more established companies may be slow to respond to challenges and may grow more slowly than smaller companies.
 
Small-Cap and Mid-Cap Securities Risk. The Fund may invest in securities of small-cap and mid-cap companies, which involve greater volatility than investing in larger and more established companies.  Small-cap and mid-cap companies can be subject to more abrupt or erratic share price changes than larger, more established companies.  Securities of these types of companies have limited market liquidity, and their prices may be more volatile.  You should expect that the value of the Fund’s shares will be more volatile than a fund that invests exclusively in large-capitalization companies.
 
Growth Stock Risk. The Fund invests in companies that appear to be growth-oriented companies.  If the Fund’s perceptions of a company’s potential are wrong, the securities purchased may not perform as expected, reducing the Fund’s return.
 
Sector Focus Risk. The Fund’s performance may be closely tied to the performance of companies in a limited number of sectors and could be more volatile than the performance of less focused funds.  Companies in a single sector or related sectors can react similarly to market, economic, political, regulatory, and geopolitical conditions.
 
Special Situations Risk. The Fund invests in “special situations.”  Special situations often involve much greater risk than is found in the normal course of investing.  Liquidations, reorganizations, recapitalizations, material litigation, technological breakthroughs and new management or management policies may not have the effect on a company’s price that the Fund’s Sub-adviser expects, which could negatively impact the Fund.  To minimize these risks, the Fund will limit its investments to no more than 25% of the Fund’s total net assets (valued at the time of investment).
 
 
11

 
Other Equity Securities Risk.  In addition to shares of common stock, the equity securities held by the Fund may include preferred stocks, convertible preferred stocks, and warrants.  Like shares of common stock, the value of these equity securities may fluctuate in response to many factors, including the activities of the issuer, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Also, regardless of any one company’s particular prospects, a declining stock market may produce a decline in prices for all equity securities, which could also result in losses for the Fund.  Convertible securities entitle the holder to receive interest payments or a dividend preference until the security matures, is redeemed, or the conversion feature is exercised.  As a result of the conversion feature, the interest rate or dividend preference is generally less than if the securities were non-convertible.  Warrants entitle the holder to purchase equity securities at specific prices for a certain period of time.  The prices do not necessarily move parallel to the prices of the underlying securities and the warrants have no voting rights, receive no dividends, and have no rights with respect to the assets of the issuer.
 
Foreign Investment Risk.  The Fund’s investments in foreign securities involve risks different from those associated with domestic securities.  Foreign securities have investment risks different from those associated with domestic securities.  Changes in foreign economies and political climates are more likely to affect the Fund than another fund that invests exclusively in domestic securities.  The value of foreign currency denominated securities or foreign currency contracts is affected by the value of the local currency relative to the U.S. dollar.  There may be less government supervision of foreign markets, resulting in non-uniform accounting practices and less publicly available information about issuers of foreign securities.  The value of foreign investments may be affected by changes in exchange control regulations, application of foreign tax laws (including withholding tax), changes in governmental economic or monetary policy (in this country or abroad), or changed circumstances in dealings between nations.  In addition, foreign brokerage commissions, custody fees, and other costs of investing in foreign securities are generally higher than in the United States.  Investments in foreign issues could be affected by other factors not present in the United States, including expropriation, armed conflict, confiscatory taxation, and potential difficulties in enforcing contractual obligations.
 
Emerging Markets Risk.  The Fund may invest in emerging markets, which are markets of countries in the initial stages of industrialization and generally have low per capital income.  In addition to the risks of foreign securities in general, countries in emerging markets are generally more volatile and can have relatively unstable governments, social and legal systems that do not protect shareholders, economies based on only a few industries, and securities markets that trade a small number of issues which could reduce liquidity.
 
 
12

 
Currency Risk.  Currency risk is the chance that changes in currency exchange rates will negatively affect the Fund.  The Fund’s indirect and direct exposure to foreign currencies subjects the Fund to the risk that those currencies will decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar, or, in the case of short positions, that the U.S. dollar will decline in value relative to the currency being hedged.  Adverse changes in currency exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar may diminish gains from investments denominated in a foreign currency or may widen existing losses.  Currency gains and losses can occur regardless of the performance of the underlying investment.
 
Depository Receipts.  The Fund may invest in the securities of foreign issuers in the form of depository receipts or other securities convertible into securities of foreign issuers.  Depository receipts may not necessarily be denominated in the same currency as the underlying securities into which they may be converted.  The Fund may invest in both sponsored and unsponsored American Depository Receipts (“ADRs”), Global Depository Receipts (“GDRs”), and other similar global instruments.  ADRs are generally issued by an American bank or trust company and evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by a foreign corporation.  GDRs are generally issued by a foreign branch of an international bank that evidence ownership of foreign underlying securities.  Unsponsored ADR and GDR programs are organized independently and without the cooperation of the issuer of the underlying securities.  As a result, available information concerning the issuer may not be as current as for sponsored ADRs and GDRs, and the prices of unsponsored ADRs and GDRs may be more volatile than if such instruments were sponsored by the issuer.  The Fund’s investments in depository receipts are generally subject to the same risks as the foreign securities that they evidence or into which they may be converted.
 
Portfolio Turnover Risk. The Fund’s portfolio manager may engage in aggressive portfolio trading.  As a result, the Fund could experience higher than average portfolio turnover.  A higher rate of portfolio turnover in any year may increase brokerage commissions paid and could generate greater taxes for shareholders on realized investment gains.
 
Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is not a “diversified” fund, which means the Fund may allocate its investments to a relatively small number of issuers or to a single industry, making it more susceptible to adverse developments of a single issuer or industry.  As a result, investing in the Fund is potentially more risky than investing in a diversified fund that is otherwise similar to the Fund.
 
New Fund Risk.  The Fund was formed in 2013.  Investors bear the risk that the Fund may not be successful in implementing its investment strategy, may not employ a successful investment strategy, or may fail to attract sufficient assets under management to realize economies of scale, any of which could result in the Fund being liquidated at any time without shareholder approval and at a time that may not be favorable for all shareholders.  Such a liquidation could have negative tax consequences for shareholders and will cause shareholders to incur expenses of liquidation.
 
 
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Operating Risk.  The Advisor and the Fund’s administrator have entered into an Operating Plan that facilitates the administrator’s assumption of the Fund’s regular operating expenses under the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement.  The Operating Plan obligates the Advisor to pay certain expenses of the Fund in order to help limit its annual operating expenses.  If the Advisor, however, does not have sufficient revenue to support those expenses, the Advisor may be compelled to either resign or become insolvent.  In addition, if the Fund incurs expenses in excess of those that the Fund’s administrator has agreed to pay and the Advisor is not able or willing to pay the excess costs, those excess costs will increase the Fund’s expenses.
 
 
NON-PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT POLICIES AND RISKS
 
An investment in the Fund should not be considered a complete investment program.  Whether the Fund is not an appropriate investment for an investor will depend largely on his or her financial resources and individual investment goals and objectives.  Investors who engage in short-term trading or other speculative strategies and styles will not find the Fund to be an appropriate investment vehicle if they want to invest in the Fund for a short period of time.
 
Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings.   A description of the Fund’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of portfolio securities can be found in the Statement of Additional Information, which is available from the Fund or on the SEC’s web site, www.sec.gov.
 
 
 
 
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MANAGEMENT OF THE FUND
 
INVESTMENT ADVISOR
 
The Fund’s investment advisor is CV Investment Advisors, LLC, 300 Four Falls Corporate Center, Suite 200, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428.  The Advisor was established in 2012 and is registered as an investment advisor with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.  Subject to the authority of the Trustees and pursuant to an Investment Advisory Agreement with the Trust, the Advisor provides guidance and policy direction in connection with its management of the Funds’ assets.  The Advisor is also responsible for the selection of broker-dealers through which the Fund executes portfolio transactions, subject to the brokerage policies established by the Trustees, and it provides certain executive personnel to the Fund.
 
Advisor Compensation.  As full compensation for the investment advisory services provided to the Fund, the Advisor receives monthly compensation based on the Fund’s average daily net assets at the annual rate of 1.00%.
 
Disclosure Regarding Approval of Investment Advisory Contracts.  A discussion regarding the Trustees’ basis for approving the Investment Advisory Agreement for the Fund can be found in the Fund’s semi-annual report to shareholders, once available, for the period ended March 31, 2013.  You may obtain a copy of the semi-annual report, free of charge, upon request to the Fund.
 
 
INVESTMENT SUB-ADVISOR
 
The Fund’s investment sub-advisor is ICC Capital Management, Inc., located at 390 North Orange Ave., 27th Floor, Orlando, Florida 32801. The sub-advisor was founded in 1995 and is registered with the SEC as an investment adviser pursuant to the Investment Advisers Act.  The Sub-Advisor, with oversight from the Advisor, makes day-to-day investment decisions for the Fund and selects broker-dealers for executing portfolio transactions, subject to the brokerage policies established by the Trustees.  The Sub-Advisor has been rendering investment advisory services to other individuals, pension and profit sharing plans, and trusts since 1995.
 
Portfolio Managers.  The Fund’s portfolio is managed on a day-to-day basis by G. Michael Mara, Michael Barron, Bart McMurry, and Robert Dombrower.
 
Mr. Mara serves as Managing Director and Portfolio Manager with ICC and is part of ICC’s Quantitative Strategies Group.  Prior to ICC, Mr. Mara served as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and founder of Valley Forge Capital Advisors, Inc. (“VFCA”), a SEC-Registered Investment Adviser.  Prior to his position with VFCA, Mr. Mara served in senior executive positions with Millennium Bank, Vanguard Asset Management & Trust and Merrill Lynch.   Mr. Mara earned his B.A. at Emerson College and his M.B.A. from the American University.
 
 
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Mr. Barron serves as Director and Portfolio Manager with ICC and is a member of the firm’s Quantitative Strategies Group.  Prior to joining ICC, Mr. Barron served as the Founder and Portfolio Manager at Revolution Capital, as well as the portfolio strategy consultant to the Sector Rotational Product at Valley Forge Capital Advisors.  Mr. Barron previously served as CEO, Portfolio Manager and Principal at Knott Capital for more than seven years.  He earned a B.S. from Villanova University and has completed executive study at MIT’s Sloan School of Management.
 
Mr. McMurry currently serves as Chief Investment Officer and has been with the firm since its founding in 1995.  He is also a member of ICC’s Quantitative Strategies Group. Mr. McMurry is an instructor at the Florida Public Pension Trustees Association, an organization for pension trustees.  Mr. McMurry earned his B.A. from Michigan State University and his M.A. in National Security Policy Studies at George Washington University.
 
Mr. Dombrower serves as Senior Vice President and Portfolio Manager with ICC and is part of ICC’s Quantitative Strategies Group.  Prior to joining ICC in 2004, Mr. Dombrower was an equity portfolio manager and manager of operations for Paradigm Asset Management in New York. In addition, he was a portfolio management associate at Independence Investment Associates in Boston, where he team-managed the firm’s large core equity product.  He received his MM from Boston University and his BA from Binghamton University (SUNY).
 
Sub-Advisor Compensation.  For its sub-advisory services to the Fund, the Sub-Advisor receives from the Advisor compensation based on the Fund’s average daily net assets at a maximum rate of 0.75%. The fee may be less than the maximum under circumstances agreed upon by the Advisor and Sub-Advisor, based upon factors such as the Fund being in expense reimbursement status, shareholder retention, and new shareholder asset growth. The Fund does not pay a direct fee to the Sub-Advisor.
 
 
DISTRIBUTOR
 
Capital Investment Group, Inc. (“Distributor”) is the principal underwriter and distributor of the Fund’s shares and serves as the Fund’s exclusive agent for the distribution of the Fund shares.  The Distributor may sell the Fund’s shares to or through qualified securities dealers or others.
 
The Fund has adopted a plan of distribution pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“Distribution Plan”).  Pursuant to the Distribution Plan, the Fund compensates the Distributor with assets attributable to the Retail shares for services rendered and expenses borne in connection with activities intended to result in the sale or the servicing of those shares (this compensation is commonly referred to as “12b-1 fees”).  These activities include reimbursement to entities for providing distribution and shareholder servicing with respect to the Fund’s shares.  The Distribution Plan provides that the Fund may annually pay the Distributor up to 0.25% of the average daily net assets attributable to the Retail shares.  Because the 12b-1 fees are paid out of the Fund’s assets on an on-going basis, these fees, over time, will increase the cost of your investment and may cost you more than paying other types of sales loads.
 
 
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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON EXPENSES
 
Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement.  The Nottingham Company (“Administrator”) provides the Fund with administrative, fund accounting, and compliance services.  The Administrator receives compensation from the Fund at a maximum annual rate of 0.50% and is responsible for the coordination and payment of vendor services and other Fund expenses from such compensation.  Pursuant to this arrangement, the Administrator pays the following expenses: (i) compensation and expenses of any employees of the Trust and of any other persons rendering any services to the Fund; (ii) clerical and shareholder service staff salaries; (iii) office space and other office expenses; (iv) fees and expenses incurred by the Fund in connection with membership in investment company organizations; (v) fees and expenses of counsel to the Trustees who are not interested persons of the Fund and Trust; (vi) fees and expenses of counsel to the Fund and Trust engaged to assist with preparation of Fund and Trust documents and filings and provide other ordinary legal services; (vii) fees and expenses of independent public accountants to the Fund, including fees and expense for tax preparation; (viii) expenses of registering shares under federal and state securities laws; (ix) insurance expenses; (x) fees and expenses of the custodian, shareholder servicing, dividend disbursing and transfer agent, administrator, distributor, and accounting and pricing services agents of the Fund; (xi) compensation for a chief compliance officer for the Trust; (xii) expenses, including clerical expenses, of issue, sale, redemption, or repurchase of shares of the Fund; (xiii) the cost of preparing and distributing reports and notices to shareholders; (xiv) the cost of printing or preparing prospectuses and statements of additional information for delivery to the Fund’s current shareholders; (xv) the cost of printing or preparing documents, statements or reports to shareholders; and (xvi) other expenses not specifically assumed by the Fund or Advisor.  The Administrator cannot recoup from the Fund any Fund expenses in excess of the administration fees payable under the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement.
 
Operating Plan.  The Advisor has entered into an Operating Plan with the Administrator under which it has agreed make the following payments to the Administrator: (i) when a Fund’s assets are below $38 million, the Advisor pays the Administrator a fee based on the daily average net assets of the Fund; and (ii) when the consolidated fee collected by the Administrator is less than a designated minimum operating cost, then the Advisor pays the Administrator a fee that makes up the difference.  The Advisor is also obligated to pay the following Fund expenses under the Operating Plan: (i) marketing, distribution, and servicing expenses related to the sale or promotion of Fund shares that the Fund is not authorized to pay pursuant to the Investment Company Act; (ii) expenses incurred in connection with the organization and initial registration of shares of the Fund; (iii) expenses incurred in connection
 
 
17

 
with the dissolution and liquidation of the Fund; (iv) expenses related to shareholder meetings and proxy solicitations; (v) fees and expenses related to legal, auditing, and accounting services that are in amounts greater than the limits or outside of the scope of ordinary services; and (vi) hiring employees and retaining advisers and experts as contemplated by Rule 0-1(a)(7)(vii) of the Investment Company Act.
 
The Operating Plan may be terminated by either party at the conclusion of the then current term upon: (i) written notice of non-renewal to the other party not less than sixty days prior to the end of the term, or (ii) mutual written agreement of the parties.  The Advisor cannot recoup from the Fund any amounts paid by the Advisor to the Fund’s administrator under the Operating Plan.  If the Operating Plan is terminated when the Fund is at lower asset levels, the administrator would likely need to terminate the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement in order to avoid incurring expenses without reimbursement from the Advisor.  Unless other expense limitation arrangements were put in place, the Fund’s expenses would likely increase.
 
Other Expenses.  The Fund is obligated to pay brokerage fees and commissions, taxes, borrowing costs (such as interest or dividend expenses on securities sold short), acquired fund fees and expenses, and distribution and/or service (12b-1) fees.  The Fund will be separately responsible for any extraordinary expenses, such as indemnification payments or damages awarded in litigation or settlements made.  All general Trust expenses are allocated among and charged to the assets of each separate fund series of the Trust (if any), on a basis that the Trustees deem fair and equitable, which may be on the basis of relative net assets of each series or the nature of the services performed and relative applicability to each series.
 
Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses.  In the summary section of the prospectus entitled “Fees and Expenses of the Fund,” the “Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses” are expenses incurred indirectly by the Fund through its ownership of shares in other investment companies.  “Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses” do not affect the Fund’s actual operating costs and, therefore, are not included in the Fund’s financial statements, which provide a clearer picture of the Fund’s actual operating costs.  The “Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses” and “Net Annual Fund Operating Expenses” under “Fees and Expenses of the Fund” will not match the Fund’s gross and net expense ratios reported in the Financial Highlights from the Fund’s financial statements.  The ratios reported in the Financial Highlights reflect the operating expenses of the Funds without “Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses.”
 
Estimated Expenses.  In the sections of the prospectus entitled “Summary – Fees and Expenses of the Fund” with respect to the Fund, “Other Expenses” and “Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses” sections are based on estimated expenses for the current fiscal year at an average Fund net asset level of $20 million.
 
 
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INVESTING IN THE FUND
 
PURCHASE OPTIONS
 
The Fund offers two different classes of shares through this prospectus. The share class available to an investor may vary depending on how the investor wishes to purchase shares of the Fund.  Each share class is sold at net asset value, represents interests in the same portfolio of investments, and has the same rights, but differs with respect to sales loads and ongoing expenses.  Set forth below is a brief description of the share classes offered through this prospectus.
 
Institutional Class Shares
 
·  
No front-end sales charge.
 
·  
No contingent deferred sales charges.
 
·  
Distribution and service plan (Rule 12b-1) fees of 0.00%.
 
·  
$1,000,000 minimum initial investment.
 
Retail Class Shares
 
·  
No front-end sales charge.
 
·  
No contingent deferred sales charges.
 
·  
Distribution and service plan (Rule 12b-1) fees of 0.25%.
 
·  
$2,000 minimum initial investment.
 
You must choose a share class when you purchase shares of the Fund.  If none is chosen, your purchase request will not be considered complete and, therefore, will not be processed until the Fund receives this required information.
 
Information regarding the Fund’s sales charges, as well as information regarding reduced sales charges and waived sales charges, and the terms and conditions for the purchase, pricing, and redemption of Fund shares is not available on the Fund’s website since the Fund’s website contains limited information.  Further information is available free of charge by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863.
 
The Fund may, in the Advisor’s sole discretion, accept certain accounts with less than the minimum investment.
 
 
PURCHASE AND REDEMPTION PRICE
 
Determining the Fund’s Net Asset Value.  The price at which you purchase or redeem shares is based on the next calculation of net asset value (“NAV”) after an order is received in good form.  An order is considered to be in good form if it includes all necessary information and documentation related to a purchase or redemption request and, if applicable, payment in full of the purchase amount.  The Fund’s NAV per share for each class of shares is calculated by dividing the value of the Fund’s total assets attributable to that class, less liabilities (including Fund expenses, which are accrued daily) attributable
 
 
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to that class, by the total number of outstanding shares attributable to that class.  To the extent that the Fund holds portfolio securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the Fund does not price shares, the NAV of the Fund’s shares may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem shares.  The NAV per share for each class of shares is normally determined at 4:00 p.m. Eastern time, the time regular trading closes on the New York Stock Exchange.  The Fund does not calculate NAV on business holidays when the New York Stock Exchange is closed.
 
The pricing and valuation of portfolio securities is determined in good faith in accordance with policies established by, and under the direction of, the Board of Trustees.  In determining the value of the Fund’s total assets, portfolio securities are generally calculated at market value by quotations from the primary market in which they are traded.  Instruments with maturities of 60 days or less are valued at amortized cost, which approximates market value.  The Fund normally uses third party pricing services to obtain market quotations.  Securities and assets for which representative market quotations are not readily available or which cannot be accurately valued using the Fund’s normal pricing procedures are valued at fair value in good faith by either a valuation committee or the Advisor in accordance with procedures established by, and under the supervision of, the Board of Trustees.  Fair value pricing may be used, for example, in situations where (i) an exchange-traded portfolio security is so thinly traded that there have been no transactions for that security over an extended period of time or the validity of a market quotation received is questionable; (ii) the exchange on which the portfolio security is principally traded closes early; or (iii) trading of the portfolio security is halted during the day and does not resume prior to the Fund’s NAV calculation.
 
Pursuant to the policies adopted by the Board of Trustees, the Advisor consults with the Fund’s administrator on a regular basis regarding the need for fair value pricing.  The Advisor is responsible for notifying the Board of Trustees (or the Fund’s valuation committee) when it believes that fair value pricing is required for a particular security.  The Fund’s policies regarding fair value pricing are intended to result in a calculation of the Fund’s NAV that fairly reflects portfolio security values as of the time of pricing.  A portfolio security’s “fair value” price may differ from the price next available for that portfolio security using the Fund’s normal pricing procedures and the fair value price may differ from the price at which the security may ultimately be traded or sold.  If such fair value price differs from the price that would have been determined using the Fund’s normal pricing procedures, a shareholder may receive more or less proceeds or shares from redemptions or purchases of Fund shares, respectively, than a shareholder would have otherwise received if the security were priced using the Fund’s normal pricing procedures.  The performance of the Fund may also be affected if a portfolio security’s fair value price were to differ from the security’s price using the Fund’s normal pricing procedures.  To the extent the Fund invests in other open-end investment companies that are registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Fund’s net asset value calculations are based upon the net asset value reported by such registered open-end investment companies, and the prospectuses for these companies explain the circumstances under which they will use fair value pricing and the effects of using fair value pricing.
 
 
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Other Matters.  Purchases and redemptions of shares of the same class by the same shareholder on the same day will be netted for the Fund.
 
 
BUYING OR SELLING SHARES
THROUGH A FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY
 
Certain financial intermediaries have agreements with the Fund that allow them to enter purchase or redemption orders on behalf of clients and customers.  These orders will be priced at the NAV next computed after the orders are received by the financial intermediary, subject to the order being in good form.  Orders received in good form by the financial intermediary before 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time will receive a share price based on that day’s NAV and orders received after 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time will receive a price based on the next day’s NAV.  You should look to the financial intermediary through whom you wish to invest for specific instructions on how to purchase or redeem shares of the Fund.
 
 
PURCHASING SHARES
 
Purchases can be made directly from the Fund by mail or bank wire.  In addition, brokers that are authorized designees of the Fund may receive purchase and redemption orders on behalf of the Fund.  These designated brokers are also authorized to designate other financial intermediaries to receive orders on behalf of the Fund.  Such orders will be deemed to have been received by the Fund when an authorized designee, or broker-authorized designee, receives the order, subject to the order being in good form.  The orders will be priced at the NAV next computed after the orders are received by the authorized broker, or broker-authorized designee.  Orders received in good form before 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time will receive a share price based on that day’s NAV and orders received after 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time will receive a price based on the next day’s NAV.   Investors may also be charged a fee by a broker or agent if shares are purchased through a broker or agent.
 
The Fund reserves the right to (i) refuse any request to purchase shares for any reason and (ii) suspend the offering of shares at any time.    An investor that has placed a purchase order will be notified as soon as possible in such circumstances.
 
Regular Mail Orders.  Payment for shares by mail must be made by check from a U.S. financial institution and payable in U.S. dollars.  Cash, money orders, and traveler’s checks will not be accepted by the Fund.  If checks are returned due to insufficient funds or other reasons, your purchase will be canceled.  You will also be responsible for any losses or expenses incurred by the Fund and its administrator and transfer agent.  The Fund will charge a $35 fee and may redeem shares of the Fund owned by the purchaser or another identically registered account in another series of the Trust to recover any such losses.  For regular mail orders, please complete the Fund Shares Application and mail it, along with a check made payable to the Fund, to:
 
 
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CV Sector Rotational Fund
c/o Nottingham Shareholder Services
116 South Franklin Street
Post Office Box 4365
Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27803-0365
 
The application must contain your Social Security Number or Taxpayer Identification Number.  If you have applied for a number prior to completing your account application but you have not received your number, please indicate this on the application and include a copy of the form applying for your number.  Taxes are not withheld from distributions to U.S. investors if certain requirements of the Internal Revenue Service are met regarding the Social Security Number and Taxpayer Identification Number.
 
Bank Wire Purchases.  Purchases may also be made through bank wire orders.  To establish a new account or add to an existing account by wire, please call the Fund at 1-800-773-3863 for wire instructions and to advise the Fund of the investment, dollar amount, and the account identification number.
 
Additional Investments.  You may also add to your account by mail or wire at any time by purchasing shares at the then current net asset value.  The minimum additional investment is $100.  Before adding funds by bank wire, please call the Fund at 1-800-773-3863 for wire instructions and to advise the Fund of the investment, dollar amount, and the account identification number.  Mail orders should include, if possible, the “Invest by Mail” stub that is attached to your confirmation statement.  Otherwise, please identify your account in a letter accompanying your purchase payment.
 
Automatic Investment Plan.  The automatic investment plan enables shareholders to make regular monthly or quarterly investments in shares through automatic charges to their checking account.  With shareholder authorization and bank approval, the Fund will automatically charge the shareholder’s checking account for the amount specified ($100 minimum), which will be automatically invested in shares at the public offering price on or about the 21st day of the month.  The shareholder may change the amount of the investment or discontinue the plan at any time by writing the Fund.
 
Share Certificates.  The Fund normally does not issue share certificates.  Evidence of ownership of shares is provided through entry in the Fund’s share registry.  Investors will receive periodic account statements (and, where applicable, purchase confirmations) that will show the number of shares owned.
 
Important Information about Procedures for Opening a New Account.  Under the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (USA PATRIOT Act of 2001), the Fund is required to obtain, verify, and record information that enables the Fund to form a reasonable belief as to the identity of each customer who opens an account.  Consequently, when an investor opens an account, the Fund will ask for the investor’s name, street address, date of birth (for an individual), social security or other tax identification number (or proof that the investor has filed for such a number), and other information that will allow the Fund to identify the investor.  The Fund may also ask to see the driver’s license or other identifying documents of the investor.  An investor’s account application will not be considered “complete” and, therefore, an account
 
 
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will not be opened and the investor’s money will not be invested until the Fund receives this required information.  In addition, if after opening the investor’s account the Fund is unable to verify the investor’s identity after reasonable efforts, as determined by the Fund in its sole discretion, the Fund may (i) restrict further investments until the investor’s identity is verified; and (ii) close the investor’s account without notice and return the investor’s redemption proceeds to the investor.  If the Fund closes an investor’s account because the Fund could not verify the investor’s identity, the Fund will value the account in accordance with the next NAV calculated after the investor’s account is closed.  In that case, the investor’s redemption proceeds may be worth more or less than the investor’s original investment.  The Fund will not be responsible for any losses incurred due to the Fund’s inability to verify the identity of any investor opening an account.
 
 
REDEEMING SHARES
 
Regular Mail Redemptions.  Regular mail redemption requests should be addressed to:
 
CV Sector Rotational Fund
c/o Nottingham Shareholder Services
116 South Franklin Street
Post Office Box 4365
Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27803-0365
 
Regular mail redemption requests should include the following:
 
(1)
Your letter of instruction specifying the share class, account number, and number of shares (or the dollar amount) to be redeemed.  This request must be signed by all registered shareholders in the exact names in which they are registered;
(2)
Any required signature guarantees (see “Signature Guarantees” below); and
(3)
Other supporting legal documents, if required in the case of estates, trusts, guardianships, custodianships, corporations, partnerships, pension or profit sharing plans, and other entities.
 
Your redemption proceeds normally will be sent to you within 7 days after receipt of your redemption request.  The Fund may delay forwarding a redemption check for recently purchased shares while the Fund determines whether the purchase payment will be honored.  Such delay (which may take up to 15 days from the date of purchase) may be reduced or avoided if the purchase is made by certified check or wire transfer.  In all cases, the NAV next determined after receipt of the request for redemption will be used in processing the redemption request.
 
Telephone and Bank Wire Redemptions.  Unless you decline the telephone transaction privileges on your account application, you may redeem shares of the Fund by telephone.  You may also redeem shares by bank wire under certain limited conditions.  The Fund will redeem shares in this manner when so requested by the shareholder only if the shareholder confirms redemption instructions in writing.
 
 
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The Fund may rely upon confirmation of redemption requests transmitted via facsimile (FAX# 252-972-1908).  The confirmation instructions must include the following:
 
(1)
Name of Fund and share class;
(2)
Shareholder name and account number;
(3)
Number of shares or dollar amount to be redeemed;
(4)
Instructions for transmittal of redemption proceeds to the shareholder; and
(5)
Shareholder signature as it appears on the application on file with the Fund.
 
Redemption proceeds will not be distributed until written confirmation of the redemption request is received, per the instructions above.  You can choose to have redemption proceeds mailed to you at your address of record, your financial institution, or to any other authorized person, or you can have the proceeds sent by wire transfer to your financial institution ($5,000 minimum).  Redemption proceeds cannot be wired on days in which your financial institution is not open for business.  You can change your redemption instructions anytime you wish by filing a letter with your new redemption instructions with the Fund.  See “Signature Guarantees” below.
 
The Fund, in its discretion, may choose to pass through to redeeming shareholders any charges imposed by the Fund’s custodian for wire redemptions.  If this cost is passed through to redeeming shareholders by the Fund, the charge will be deducted automatically from your account by redemption of shares in your account.  Your bank or brokerage firm may also impose a charge for processing the wire.  If wire transfer of funds is impossible or impractical, the redemption proceeds will be sent by regular mail to the designated account.
 
You may redeem shares, subject to the procedures outlined above, by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863.  Redemption proceeds will only be sent to the financial institution account or person named in your Fund Shares Application currently on file with the Fund.  Telephone redemption privileges authorize the Fund to act on telephone instructions from any person representing him or herself to be the investor and reasonably believed by the Fund to be genuine.  The Fund will employ reasonable procedures, such as requiring a form of personal identification, to confirm that instructions are genuine.  The Fund will not be liable for any losses due to fraudulent or unauthorized instructions.  The Fund will also not be liable for following telephone instructions reasonably believed to be genuine.
 
Systematic Withdrawal Plan.  A shareholder who owns Fund shares of a particular class valued at $25,000 or more at the current offering price may establish a systematic withdrawal plan (“Systematic Withdrawal Plan”) to receive a monthly or quarterly check in a stated amount (not less than $100).  Each month or quarter, as specified, the Fund will automatically redeem sufficient shares from your account to meet the specified withdrawal amount.  The shareholder may establish this service whether dividends and distributions are reinvested in shares of the Fund or paid in cash.  Call or write the Fund for an application form.
 
 
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Minimum Account Size.  The Trustees reserve the right to redeem involuntarily any account having a NAV of less than $10,000 (due to redemptions, exchanges, or transfers, and not due to market action) upon 30-days’ prior written notice.  If the shareholder brings his account NAV up to at least $10,000 during the notice period, the account will not be redeemed.  Redemptions from retirement accounts may be subject to federal income tax.  Shareholders may also be charged a fee by their broker or agent if shares are redeemed or transferred through their broker or agent.
 
Redemptions in Kind.  The Fund does not intend, under normal circumstances, to redeem its shares by payment in kind.  It is possible, however, that conditions may arise in the future which would, in the opinion of the Trustees, make it undesirable for the Fund to pay for all redemptions in cash.  In such cases, the Trustees may authorize payment to be made in readily marketable portfolio securities of the Fund.  Securities delivered in payment of redemptions would be valued at the same value assigned to them in computing the Fund’s NAV per share.  Shareholders receiving them bear the market risks associated with the securities until they have been converted into cash and may incur brokerage costs when these securities are sold.  An irrevocable election has been filed under Rule 18f-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940, wherein the Fund must pay redemptions in cash, rather than in kind, to any shareholder of record of the Fund who redeems during any 90-day period, the lesser of (i) $250,000 or (ii) 1% of the Fund’s NAV at the beginning of such period.  Redemption requests in excess of this limit may be satisfied in cash or in kind at the Fund’s election.
 
Signature Guarantees.  To protect your account and the Fund from fraud, signature guarantees may be required to be sure that you are the person who has authorized a change in registration or standing instructions for your account.  Signature guarantees are generally required for (i) change of registration requests; (ii) requests to establish or to change exchange privileges or telephone and bank wire redemption service other than through your initial account application; (iii) transactions where proceeds from redemptions, dividends, or distributions are sent to a financial institution; and (iv) redemption requests in excess of $50,000.  Signature guarantees are acceptable from a member bank of the Federal Reserve System, a savings and loan institution, credit union (if authorized under state law), registered broker-dealer, securities exchange, or association clearing agency and must appear on the written request for change of registration, establishment or change in exchange privileges, or redemption request.
 
Miscellaneous.  The Fund reserves the right to delay the distribution of redemption proceeds involving recently purchased shares until the check for the recently purchased shares has cleared, which may take up to 15 days from the date of purchase.  The Fund may also suspend redemptions, if permitted by the Investment Company Act of 1940, for any period during which the New York Stock Exchange is closed, trading is restricted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the Securities and Exchange Commission declares that an emergency exists.  Redemptions may be suspended during other periods permitted by the Securities and Exchange Commission for the protection of the Fund’s shareholders.  During drastic economic and market changes, telephone redemption privileges may be difficult to implement.
 
 
25

 
 
FREQUENT PURCHASES AND REDEMPTIONS
 
Frequent purchases and redemptions of Fund shares by a shareholder, known as frequent trading, present a number of risks to the Fund’s other shareholders.  These risks include dilution in the value of Fund shares held by long-term shareholders, interference with the efficient management of the Fund’s portfolio holdings, and increased brokerage and administration costs.  Due to the potential of a thin market for some of the Fund’s portfolio securities, as well as overall adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions that may affect the sale price of portfolio securities, the Fund could face untimely losses as a result of having to sell portfolio securities prematurely to meet redemptions.  Frequent trading may also increase portfolio turnover, which may in turn result in increased capital gains taxes for shareholders.
 
The Board of Trustees has adopted a policy that is intended to discourage frequent trading by shareholders.  The Fund does not accommodate frequent trading.  Under the adopted policy, the Fund’s transfer agent provides a daily record of shareholder trades to the Advisor.  The Fund’s transfer agent also monitors and tests shareholder purchase and redemption orders for frequent trading.  The Advisor has the discretion to limit investments, by refusing further purchase and exchange orders, from a shareholder that the Advisor believes has a pattern of trades not in the best interests of the other shareholders.  In addition to this discretionary policy, the Fund will also limit investments from any shareholder account that, on two or more occasions during a 60 calendar day period, purchases and redeems shares over a period of less than ten days having a redemption amount within ten percent of the purchase amount and greater than $10,000.  In the event such a purchase and redemption pattern occurs, the shareholder account and any other account with the same taxpayer identification number will be precluded from investing in the Fund for at least 30 calendar days after the second redemption transaction.
 
The Fund and Advisor intend to apply this policy uniformly, except that the Fund may not be able to identify or determine that a specific purchase or redemption is part of a pattern of frequent trading or that a specific shareholder is engaged in frequent trading, particularly with respect to transactions made through omnibus accounts or accounts opened through financial intermediaries such as broker-dealers and banks.  Omnibus account arrangements permit multiple investors to aggregate their respective share ownership and to purchase, redeem, and exchange Fund shares without the identity of the individual shareholders being immediately known to the Fund.  Like omnibus accounts, accounts opened through financial intermediaries normally permit shareholders to purchase, redeem, and exchange Fund shares without the identity of the shareholder being immediately known to the Fund.  Consequently, the ability of the Fund to monitor and detect frequent trading through omnibus and intermediary accounts is limited, and there is no guarantee that the Fund can identify shareholders who might be engaging in frequent trading through these accounts or curtail such trading.
 
 
26

 
In addition, this policy will not apply if the Advisor determines that a purchase and redemption pattern does not constitute frequent trading, such as inadvertent errors that result in frequent purchases and redemptions.  Inadvertent errors shall include purchases and/or redemptions made unintentionally or by mistake (e.g., where a shareholder unintentionally or mistakenly invests in the Fund and redeems immediately after recognizing the error).  The shareholder shall have the burden of proving to the sole satisfaction of the Advisor that a purchase and redemption pattern was the result of an inadvertent error.  In such a case, the Advisor may choose to allow further purchase and exchange orders from such shareholder.
 
 
27

 

 

 
OTHER IMPORTANT INVESTMENT INFORMATION
 
DIVIDENDS, DISTRIBUTIONS, AND TAXES
 
The following information is meant as a general summary for U.S. taxpayers.  Additional tax information appears in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.  Shareholders should rely on their own tax advisors for advice about the particular federal, state, and local tax consequences to them of investing in the Fund.
 
The Fund will distribute most of their income and realized gains to shareholders every year.  Income dividends paid by the Fund derived from net investment income, if any, and capital gains distributions, if any, will generally be paid at least annually.  Shareholders may elect to take dividends from net investment income or capital gains distributions, if any, in cash or reinvest them in additional Fund shares.  Although the Fund will not be taxed on amounts they distribute, shareholders will generally be taxed on distributions paid by the Fund, regardless of whether distributions are received in cash or are reinvested in additional Fund shares.  Distributions may be subject to state and local taxes, as well as federal taxes.
 
In general, a shareholder who sells or redeems shares will realize a capital gain or loss, which will be long-term or short-term, depending upon the shareholder’s holding period for the Fund shares.  An exchange of shares may be treated as a sale and any gain may be subject to tax.
 
As with all mutual funds, the Fund may be required to withhold U.S. federal income tax at the fourth lowest rate for taxpayers filing as unmarried individuals (presently 28%) for all taxable distributions payable to shareholders who fail to provide the Fund with their correct taxpayer identification numbers or to make required certifications, or who have been notified by the Internal Revenue Service that they are subject to backup withholding.  Backup withholding is not an additional tax; rather, it is a way in which the Internal Revenue Service ensures it will collect taxes otherwise due.  Any amounts withheld may be credited against a shareholder’s U.S. federal income tax liability.
 
Shareholders should consult with their own tax advisors to ensure that distributions and sale of Fund shares are treated appropriately on their income tax returns.
 
 
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
 
Because the Fund is newly organized, there is no financial or performance information for the Fund in this prospectus.  You may request a copy of the Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports, once available, at no charge by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863.
 

 
 
28

 

 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 


 
CV Sector Rotational Fund
 


 
More information about the Fund can be found in the Statement of Additional Information, which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus.  More information about the Fund’s investments will be available in the annual and semi-annual reports to shareholders.  The annual reports will include discussions of the market conditions and investment strategies that significantly affected the Fund’s performance during its last fiscal year.
 
The Fund’s Statement of Additional Information and the annual and semi-annual reports will be available, free of charge, on the website listed below and upon request by contacting the Fund (you may also request other information about the Fund or make shareholder inquiries) as follows:
 
 
By telephone:
1-800-773-3863
 
 
By mail:
CV Sector Rotational Fund
c/o Nottingham Shareholder Services
116 South Franklin Street
Post Office Box 4365
Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27803-0365
 
 
By e-mail:
shareholders@ncfunds.com
 
 
On the Internet:
www.ncfunds.com
 
Information about the Fund (including the Statement of Additional Information) can also be reviewed and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C.  Inquiries on the operations of the public reference room may be made by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090.  Reports and other information about the Fund are available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at http://www.sec.gov, and copies of this information may be obtained, upon payment of a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549-1520.
 

 
Investment Company Act File Number 811-22298
 
 
 

 
 
PART B

FORM N-1A
 
 
STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

 
CV Sector Rotational Fund
Institutional Class Shares (_____)
Advisor Class Shares (_____)
 
_________, 2013
 

 
A series of the
Starboard Investment Trust
116 South Franklin Street
Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27804
Telephone 1-800-773-3863
 

 

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT INVESTMENT POLICIES
2
INVESTMENT LIMITATIONS
13
PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS
14
DESCRIPTION OF THE TRUST
16
MANAGEMENT AND OTHER SERVICE PROVIDERS
17
ADDITIONAL PURCHASE AND REDEMPTION INFORMATION
29
SPECIAL SHAREHOLDER SERVICES
30
NET ASSET VALUE
32
ADDITIONAL TAX INFORMATION
33
DISCLOSURE OF PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS
35
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
36
APPENDIX A – DESCRIPTION OF RATINGS
37
APPENDIX B – PROXY VOTING POLICIES
41

 
This Statement of Additional Information is meant to be read in conjunction with the prospectus for the CV Sector Rotational Fund, dated the same date as this Statement of Additional Information, and is incorporated by reference in its entirety into the prospectus.  Because this Statement of Additional Information is not itself a prospectus, no investment in shares of the Fund should be made solely upon the information contained herein.  Copies of the Fund’s prospectus, annual report, and/or semi-annual report may be obtained at no charge by writing or calling the Fund at the address or phone number shown above.  Capitalized terms used but not defined herein have the same meanings as in the Fund’s prospectus.
 
 
 

 
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT INVESTMENT POLICIES
 
Starboard Investment Trust (“Trust”) was organized on May 13, 2009 as a Delaware statutory trust and is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as an open-end management investment company.  The CV Sector Rotational (the “Fund”) is a separate, diversified series of the Trust.  The Fund’s investment advisor is CV Investment Advisors, LLC (the “Advisor”).  The Fund’s investment sub-advisor is  ICC Capital Management, Inc. (the “Sub-Advisor”).  The Prospectus describes the Fund’s investment objective and principal investment strategy, as well as the principal investment risks of the Fund.  The following descriptions and policies supplement these descriptions, and also include descriptions of certain types of investments that may be made by the Fund but are not principal investment strategies of the Fund.  Attached to the Statement of Additional Information is Appendix A, which contains descriptions of the rating symbols used by nationally recognized statistical rating organizations for securities in which the Fund may invest.  Appendix B contains copies of the Trust’s Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy and the Sub-Advisor’s Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures.
 
General Investment Risks.  All investments in securities and other financial instruments involve a risk of financial loss.  No assurance can be given that the Fund’s investment program will be successful.  Investors should carefully review the descriptions of the Fund’s investments and their risks described in the Fund’s prospectus and this Statement of Additional Information.
 
Additional Information Regarding the Fund’s Principal Strategies and Risks
 
Common Stocks.  The equity portion of the Fund’s portfolio will include common stocks traded on domestic securities exchanges.  Prices of common stocks in which the Fund invests may fluctuate in response to many factors, including, but not limited to, the activities of the individual companies whose securities the Fund owns, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Such price fluctuations subject the Fund to potential losses.  In addition, regardless of any one company’s particular prospects, a declining stock market may produce a decline in prices for all common stocks, which could also result in losses for the Fund.  Market declines may continue for an indefinite period of time, and investors should understand that during temporary or extended bear markets, the value of common stocks will decline.
 
Risks related to Other Equity Securities.  In addition to common stocks, the equity securities in the Fund’s portfolio may include preferred stocks, convertible preferred stocks, convertible bonds, and warrants.  The value of these equity securities may fluctuate in response to many factors, including the activities of the issuer, general market and economic conditions, interest rates, and specific industry changes.  Such price fluctuations subject the Funds to potential losses.  In addition, regardless of any one company’s particular prospects, a declining stock market may produce a decline in prices for all equity securities, which could also result in losses for the Funds.  Convertible securities entitle the holder to receive interest payments or a dividend preference until the security matures or is redeemed, or the conversion privilege is exercised.  As a result of the conversion feature, the interest rate or dividend preference on a convertible security is generally less than would be the case if the securities were issued in non-convertible form.  Warrants entitle the holder to purchase equity securities at specific prices for a certain period of time.  The prices do not necessarily move parallel to the prices of the underlying securities and the warrants have no voting rights, receive no dividends, and have no rights with respect to the assets of the issuer.
 
Foreign Investment Risk.  Foreign securities and foreign currency contracts involve investment risks different from those associated with domestic securities.  Changes in foreign economies and political climates are more likely to affect the Fund than a mutual fund that invests exclusively in domestic securities.  The value of foreign currency denominated securities or foreign currency contracts is affected by the value of the local currency relative to the U.S. dollar.  There may be less government supervision of foreign markets, resulting in non-uniform accounting practices and less publicly available information about issuers of foreign currency denominated securities.  The value of foreign investments may be affected by changes in exchange control regulations, application of foreign tax laws (including withholding tax), changes in governmental administration or economic or monetary policy (in this country or abroad), or changed circumstances in dealings between nations.  In addition, foreign brokerage commissions, custody fees, and other costs of investing in foreign securities are generally higher than in the United States.  Investments in foreign issues could be affected by other factors not present in the United States, including expropriation, armed conflict, confiscatory taxation, and potential difficulties in enforcing contractual obligations.
 
 
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Portfolio Turnover.  Portfolio turnover is a ratio that indicates how often the securities in a mutual fund’s portfolio change during a year’s time.  Higher numbers indicate a greater number of changes, and lower numbers indicate a smaller number of changes.  The Fund may sell portfolio securities without regard to the length of time they have been held in order to take advantage of new investment opportunities or changing market conditions.  Since portfolio turnover may involve paying brokerage commissions and other transaction costs, there could be additional expenses for the Fund.  High rates of portfolio turnover could lower performance of the Fund due to increased costs and may also result in the realization of capital gains.  If the Fund realizes capital gains when they sell portfolio investments, they must generally distribute those gains to shareholders, increasing their taxable distributions.  Under normal circumstances, the anticipated portfolio turnover rate for the Fund is expected to be greater than 100%.
 
Temporary Defensive Positions.  The Fund may, from time to time, take temporary defensive positions that are inconsistent with the Fund’s principal investment strategies in an attempt to respond to adverse market, economic, political, or other conditions.  During such an unusual set of circumstances, the Fund may hold up to 100% of its portfolios in cash or cash equivalent positions (e.g., money market securities, U.S. Government securities, and/or similar securities).  When the Fund takes a temporary defensive position, the Fund may not be able to achieve its investment objective.
 
Information Regarding the Fund’s Non-Principal Strategies and Risks
 
Investment Companies.  The Fund may invest in securities of other investment companies, including, without limitation, money market funds, open-end mutual funds, and closed-end funds.  The Fund’s investments in such securities involve certain additional expenses and certain tax results, which would not be present in a direct investment in the underlying fund. Due to legal limitations, the Fund will be prevented from: (i) purchasing more than 3% of an investment company’s outstanding shares; (ii) investing more than 5% of the Fund’s assets in any single such investment company, and (iii) investing more than 10% of the Fund’s assets in investment companies overall;  unless: (a) the underlying investment company and/or the applicable Fund has received an order for exemptive relief from such limitations from the Securities and Exchange Commission; and (b) the underlying investment company and the Fund take appropriate steps to comply with any conditions in such order.  In the alternative, the Fund may rely on Section 12(d)(1)(F) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, which allows unaffiliated mutual funds to exceed the 5% limitation and the 10% limitation, provided that the offering price of the Fund does not include a sales load greater than 1.5%.  The foregoing notwithstanding, the Fund, in reliance on Rule 12d1-3 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, may impose a sales charge in excess of 1.5% where the aggregate sales loads any investor pays (i.e., the combined distribution expenses of both the acquiring fund and the acquired fund) does not exceed the limits on sales loads established by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority pursuant to NASD Rule 2830(d)(3).  Also, in the event that there is a proxy vote with respect to shares of another investment company purchased and held by the Fund under Section 12(d)(1)(F), then the Fund will either (i) vote such shares in the same proportion as the vote of all other holders of such securities; or (ii) contact its shareholders for instructions regarding how to vote the proxy.  Investments by the Fund in other investment companies entail a number of risks unique to a fund of funds structure.  These risks include the following:
 
Multiple Layers of Fees.  By investing in other investment companies indirectly through the Fund, prospective investors will directly bear the fees and expenses of the Fund’s Advisor and indirectly bear the fees and expenses of other investment companies and other investment companies’ managers as well.  As such, this multiple or duplicative layer of fees will increase the cost of investments in the Fund.
 
Lack of Transparency.  The Sub-Advisor will not be able to monitor the investment activities of the other investment companies on a continuous basis and the other investment companies may use investment strategies that differ from its past practices and are not fully disclosed to the Sub-Advisor and that involve risks that are not anticipated by the Sub-Advisor.  The Fund has no control over the risks taken by the underlying investment companies in which they invest.
 
Valuation of Investment Companies.  Although the Sub-Advisor will attempt to review the valuation procedures used by other investment companies’ managers, the Sub-Advisor will have little or no means of independently verifying valuations of the Fund’s investments in investment companies and valuations of the underlying securities held by other investment companies.  As such, the Sub-Advisor will rely significantly on valuations of other investment companies and the securities underlying other investment companies that are reported by other investment companies’ managers.  In the event that such valuations prove to be inaccurate, the NAV of the Fund could be adversely impacted and an investor could incur a loss of investment in the Fund.
 
 
3

 
Illiquidity of Investments By and In Other Investment Companies.  Other investment companies may invest in securities that are not registered, are subject to legal or other restrictions on transfer, or for which no liquid market exists.  The market prices, if any, for such securities tend to be volatile and restricted securities may sell at prices that are lower than similar securities that are not subject to legal restrictions on resale.  Further, the Fund may not be able to redeem their interests in other investment companies’ securities that it has purchased in a timely manner.  If adverse market conditions were to develop during any period in which the Fund is unable to redeem interests in other investment companies, the Fund may suffer losses as a result of this illiquidity.  As such, the lack of liquidity and volatility of restricted securities held by other investment companies could adversely affect the value of the other investment companies.  Any such losses could adversely affect the value of the Fund’s investments and an investor could incur a loss of investment in the Fund.
 
Lack of Control.  Although the Fund and the Sub-Advisor will evaluate regularly other investment companies to determine whether their investment programs are consistent with the Fund’s investment objective, the Sub-Advisor will not have any control over the investments made by other investment companies.  Even though other investment companies are subject to certain constraints, the investment advisor to each such investment company may change aspects of their investment strategies at any time.  The Sub-Advisor will not have the ability to control or influence the composition of the investment portfolio of other investment companies.
 
Lack of Diversification.  There is no requirement that the underlying investments held by other investment companies be diversified.  As such, other investment companies’ managers may target or concentrate other investment companies’ investments in specific markets, sectors, or types of securities.  As a result, investments made by other investment companies are subject to greater volatility as a result of this concentration than if the other investment companies had non-concentrated and diversified portfolios of investments.  Thus, the Fund’s portfolios (and by extension the value of an investment in the Fund) may therefore be subject to greater risk than the portfolio of a similar fund with investments in diversified investment companies.
 
Use of Leverage.  The other investment companies may utilize leverage (i.e., borrowing) to acquire their underlying portfolio investments.  When other investment companies borrow money or otherwise leverage their portfolio of investments, doing so may exaggerate changes in the net asset value of the shares of the other investment companies and in the return on the other investment companies’ investments.  Borrowing will also cost other investment companies interest expense and other fees.  As such, the value of the Fund’s investments in other investment companies may be more volatile and all other risks (including the risk of loss of an investment in other investment companies) tend to be compounded or magnified.  As a result, any losses suffered by other investment companies as a result of their use of leverage could adversely affect the value of the Fund’s investments and an investor could incur a loss of investment in the Fund.
 
Exchange Traded Funds.  The Fund may invest in exchange traded funds (“ETFs”).  An ETF is an investment company that holds a portfolio of common stock or bonds designed to track the performance of a securities index or sector of an index.  ETFs are traded on a securities exchange based on their market value.  An investment in an ETF generally presents the same primary risks as an investment in a conventional registered investment company (i.e., one that is not exchange traded).  In addition, all ETFs will have costs and expenses that will be passed on to the Fund and these costs and expenses will in turn increase the Fund’s expenses.  ETFs are also subject to the following risks that often do not apply to conventional investment companies: (i) the market price of the ETF’s shares may trade at a discount to the ETF’s net asset value, and as a result, ETFs may experience more price volatility than other types of portfolio investments and such volatility could negatively impact the Fund’s net asset values; (ii) an active trading market for an ETF’s shares may not develop or be maintained at a sufficient volume; (iii) trading of an ETF’s shares may be halted if the listing exchange deems such action appropriate; and (iv) ETF shares may be delisted from the exchange on which they trade, or “circuit breakers” (which are tied to large decreases in stock prices used by the exchange) may temporarily halt trading in the ETF’s stock.  ETFs are also subject to the risks of the underlying securities or sectors that the ETF is designed to track.  Finally, there may be legal limitations and other conditions imposed by rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission on the amount of the ETF shares that the Fund may acquire.
 
 
4

 
Fixed-Income Securities.  The Fund may invest in fixed-income securities directly or indirectly through its investments in shares of ETFs, including government and corporate bonds, money market instruments, high yield securities or “junk bonds” and zero-coupon bonds.  Zero-coupon bonds are purchased at a discount from their face values and accrue interest at the applicable coupon rate over a period of time.  Fixed-income securities purchased by the Fund may consist of obligations of any rating.  Fixed-income securities in the lowest investment grade categories have speculative characteristics, with changes in the economy or other circumstances more likely to lead to a weakened capacity of the bonds to make principal and interest payments than would occur with bonds rated in higher categories.  High yield bonds are typically rated below “Baa” by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc.  (“Moody’s”) or below “BBB” by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group (“S&P”) or below investment grade by other recognized rating agencies.  The Fund may invest in unrated securities, but only if, at the time of purchase, the Sub-Advisor believes that they are of comparable quality to rated securities that the Fund may purchase.  The Fund may also invest indirectly in unrated securities through ETFs and other investment companies that invest in unrated securities under certain circumstances.  Such bonds are subject to greater market fluctuations and risk of loss of income and principal than higher rated bonds for a variety of reasons, including:
 
Sensitivity to Interest Rate and Economic Change.  The economy and interest rates affect high yield securities differently than other securities.  For example, the prices of high yield bonds have been found to be less sensitive to interest rate changes than higher-rated investments, but more sensitive to adverse economic changes or individual corporate developments.  Also, during an economic downturn or substantial period of rising interest rates, highly leveraged issuers may experience financial stress which would adversely affect their ability to service their principal and interest obligations, to meet projected business goals, and to obtain additional financing.  If the issuer of a bond defaults, an underlying mutual fund may incur additional expenses to seek recovery.  In addition, periods of economic uncertainty and changes can be expected to result in increased volatility or market prices of high yield bonds and the Fund’s asset values.
 
Payment Expectations.  High yield bonds present certain risks based on payment expectations.  For example, high yield bonds may contain redemption and call provisions.  If an issuer exercises these provisions in a declining interest rate market, the Fund or an ETF the Fund invests in would have to replace the security with a lower yielding security, resulting in a decreased return for investors.  Conversely, a high yield bond’s value will decrease in a rising interest rate market, as will the value of the Fund’s or ETF’s assets.  If the Fund or an ETF the Fund invests in experiences unexpected net redemptions, it may be forced to sell its high yield bonds without regard to their investment merits, thereby decreasing the asset base upon which the Fund’s or ETF’s expenses can be spread and possibly reducing the Fund’s or ETF’s rate of return.
 
Liquidity and Valuation.  To the extent that there is no established retail secondary market, there may be thin trading of high yield bonds, and this may impact a fund’s ability to accurately value high yield bonds and may hinder a fund’s ability to dispose of the bonds.  Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether or not based on fundamental analysis, may decrease the values and liquidity of high yield bonds, especially in a thinly traded market.
 
Credit Ratings.  Credit ratings evaluate the safety of principal and interest payments, not the market value risk of high yield bonds.  Also, because credit rating agencies may fail to timely change the credit ratings to reflect subsequent events, the Fund or an ETF the Fund invests in must monitor the issuers of high yield bonds in their portfolios to determine if the issuers will have sufficient cash flow and profits to meet required principal and interest payments, and to assure the bonds’ liquidity so the Fund or an ETF the Fund invests in can meet redemption requests.
 
High-yield securities are deemed speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal over a long period of time.  Special tax considerations are associated with investing in high-yield securities structured as zero coupon or “pay-in-kind” securities.  The Fund or an ETF the Fund invests in will report the interest on these securities as income even though it receives no cash interest until the security’s maturity or payment date.  The payment of principal and interest on most fixed-income securities purchased by a fund will depend upon the ability of the issuers to meet their
 
 
5

 
obligations.  An issuer’s obligations under its fixed-income securities are subject to the provisions of bankruptcy, insolvency and other laws affecting the rights and remedies of creditors, such as the Federal Bankruptcy Code, and laws, if any, which may be enacted by federal or state legislatures extending
the time for payment of principal or interest, or both, or imposing other constraints upon enforcement of such obligations.  The power or ability of an issuer to meet its obligations for the payment of interest on, and principal of, its fixed-income securities may be materially adversely affected by litigation or other conditions.
 
The ratings of S&P, Moody’s and other nationally recognized rating agencies represent their opinions as to the quality of fixed-income securities.  It should be emphasized, however, that ratings are general and are not absolute standards of quality, and fixed-income securities with the same maturity, interest rate, and rating may have different yields while fixed-income securities of the same maturity and interest rate with different ratings may have the same yield.  For a more detailed description of ratings, please see Appendix A.
 
Money Market Instruments.  The Fund may invest in money market instruments including U.S. Government obligations or corporate debt obligations (including those subject to repurchase agreements) provided that they are eligible for purchase by the Fund.  Money market instruments also may include Banker’s Acceptances and Certificates of Deposit of domestic branches of U.S. banks, Commercial Paper, and Variable Amount Demand Master Notes (“Master Notes”).  Banker’s Acceptances are time drafts drawn on and “accepted” by a bank.  When a bank “accepts” such a time draft, it assumes liability for its payment.  When the Fund acquires a Banker’s Acceptance, the bank that “accepted” the time draft is liable for payment of interest and principal when due.  The Banker’s Acceptance carries the full faith and credit of such bank.  A Certificate of Deposit (“CD”) is an unsecured, interest bearing debt obligation of a bank.  Commercial Paper is an unsecured, short-term debt obligation of a bank, corporation, or other borrower.  Commercial Paper maturity generally ranges from two to 270 days and is usually sold on a discounted basis rather than as an interest-bearing instrument.  The Fund will invest in Commercial Paper only if it is rated in one of the top two rating categories by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, or Fitch Investors Service, Inc., or if not rated, of equivalent quality in the Sub-Advisor’s opinion.  Commercial Paper may include Master Notes of the same quality.  Master Notes are unsecured obligations that are redeemable upon demand of the holder and that permit the investment of fluctuating amounts at varying rates of interest.  Master Notes will be acquired by the Fund only through the Master Note program of the Fund’s custodian bank, acting as administrator thereof.  The Sub-Advisor will monitor, on a continuous basis, the earnings power, cash flow, and other liquidity ratios of the issuer of a Master Note held by the Fund.
 
Repurchase Agreements.  A repurchase transaction occurs when an investor purchases a security (normally a U.S. Treasury obligation), and it then resells it to the vendor (normally a member bank of the Federal Reserve or a registered government securities dealer) and is required to deliver the security (and/or securities substituted for them under the repurchase agreement) to the vendor on an agreed upon date in the future.  The repurchase price exceeds the purchase price by an amount which reflects an agreed upon market interest rate effective for the period of time during which the repurchase agreement is in effect.  Delivery pursuant to the resale normally will occur within one to seven days of the purchase.  Repurchase agreements are considered “loans” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, collateralized by the underlying security.  The Trust has implemented procedures to monitor on a continuous basis the value of the collateral serving as security for repurchase obligations.  The Sub-Advisor will consider the creditworthiness of the vendor.  If the vendor fails to pay the agreed upon resale price on the delivery date, the Fund will retain or attempt to dispose of the collateral.  The Fund’s risk is that such default may include any decline in value of the collateral to an amount which is less than 100% of the repurchase price, any costs of disposing of such collateral, and any loss resulting from any delay in foreclosing on the collateral.  Repurchase agreements that do not provide for payment within seven days will be treated as illiquid securities. The Fund will not invest in reverse repurchase agreements.
 
U.S. Government Securities.  The Fund may invest in U.S. Government securities, defined to be (i) U.S. Treasury notes, U.S. Treasury bonds, U.S. Treasury bills, and other U.S. Government obligations; (ii) obligations of the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) and other U.S. Government sponsored entities that are guaranteed by the U.S. Government; and (iii) obligations of the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC), Federal Housing Administration (FHA), Federal Farm Credit Bank (FFCB), Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB), Student Loan Marketing Association (SLMA), The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and other U.S. Government authorities, agencies, and instrumentalities.  While obligations of some U.S. Government sponsored entities are supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government (e.g. GNMA), others are not.  No assurance can be given that the U.S. Government will provide financial support to U.S. Government agencies or instrumentalities in the future since it is not obligated to do so by law.  The guarantee of the U.S. Government does not extend to the yield or value of the Fund’s shares.
 
 
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Mortgage-Backed and Asset-Backed Securities.  The Fund may not invest in mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities.  Mortgage-backed securities are mortgage related securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, its agencies and instrumentalities, or issued by nongovernment entities.  Mortgage-related securities represent ownership in pools of mortgage loans assembled for sale to investors by various government agencies such as GNMA and government-related organizations such as FNMA and FHLMC, as well as by nongovernment issuers such as commercial banks, savings and loan institutions, mortgage bankers and private mortgage insurance companies.  Although certain mortgage-related securities are guaranteed by a third party or otherwise similarly secured, the market value of the security, which may fluctuate, is not so secured.  These securities differ from conventional bonds in that the principal is paid back to the investor as payments are made on the underlying mortgages in the pool.  Accordingly, the Fund will receive scheduled payments of principal and interest along with any unscheduled principal prepayments on the underlying mortgages.  Because these scheduled and unscheduled principal payments must be reinvested at prevailing interest rates, mortgage-backed securities do not provide an effective means of locking in long-term interest rates for the investor.
 
Asset-backed securities are structured like mortgage-backed securities, but instead of mortgage loans or interests in mortgage loans, the underlying assets may include such items as motor vehicle installment sales contracts or installment loan contracts, leases of various types of real and personal property, and receivables from credit card agreements and from sales of personal property.  Regular payments received on asset-backed securities include both interest and principal.  Asset-backed securities typically have no U.S. Government backing, though they are usually guaranteed up to a certain amount and time period by a letter of credit issued by a financial institution.  If the letter of credit is exhausted and the full amounts due on the underlying loans are not received because of unanticipated costs, depreciation, damage, or loss of the collateral securing the contracts, or other factors, certificate holders may experience delays in payment or losses on asset-backed securities.  Additionally, the ability of an issuer of asset-backed securities to enforce its security interest in the underlying assets may be limited.
 
If the Fund purchases a mortgage-backed or other asset-backed security at a premium, the premium may be lost if there is a decline in the market value of the security whether resulting from changes in interest rates or prepayments in the underlying collateral.  As with other interest-bearing securities, the prices of such securities are inversely affected by changes in interest rates.  Although the value of a mortgage-backed or other asset-backed security may decline when interest rates rise, the converse is not necessarily true, since in periods of declining interest rates the mortgages and loans underlying the securities are prone to prepayment, thereby shortening the average life of the security and shortening the period of time over which income at the higher rate is received.  When the interest rates are rising, the rate of prepayment tends to decrease, thereby lengthening the period of time over which income at the lower rate is received.  For these and other reasons, a mortgage-backed or other asset-backed security’s average maturity may be shortened or lengthened as a result of interest rate fluctuations and, therefore it is not possible to predict accurately the security’s return.  In addition, while the trading market for short-term mortgages and asset-backed securities is ordinarily quite liquid, in times of financial stress the trading market for these securities may become restricted.
 
Mortgage-backed securities that are issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies, or instrumentalities, are not subject to the Fund’s industry concentration restrictions because securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or any of its agencies or instrumentalities are excluded from the restriction.  Privately-issued mortgage-backed securities are, however, subject to the Fund’s industry concentration restrictions.
 
Debentures.  A debenture is long-term, unsecured, debt instrument backed only by the integrity of the borrower, not by collateral, and documented by an indenture.  Governments often issue debentures, in part because they generally cannot guarantee debt with assets (government assets are public property).  The primary risk with this type of investment is that the issuer will default or go into bankruptcy.  As an unsecured creditor, in the event of default or bankruptcy, the holder of a debenture does not have a claim against any specific assets of the issuing firm, so the investor will only be paid from the issuer’s assets after the secured creditors have been paid.  The Fund may invest in all types of debentures, including corporate and government debentures.
 
Derivative Instruments Risk.  When the Fund enters into futures, swaps, and other forms of financial derivatives, such as foreign exchange contracts, the investments involve risks different from direct investments in the underlying securities.  While transactions in derivatives may reduce certain risks, these transactions themselves entail certain other risks.  For example, unanticipated changes in interest rates, securities prices, or currency exchange rates may result in a poorer overall performance of the Fund than if they had not entered into any derivatives transactions.  Derivatives may magnify the Fund’s
 
 
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gains or losses, causing it to make or lose substantially more than it invested.  When the Fund invests in futures, swaps, and other forms of financial derivatives, the Fund will comply with the applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940 and the guidance of no-action letters issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission, including SEC Release 10666 that requires the Fund to segregate assets or otherwise “cover” its positions in a manner that limits the Fund’s risk of loss.  The Fund has no specific limit on the amount it invest in derivatives, although practical limits are created by the requirement to segregate assets and hold offsetting positions in connection with such investments..
 
When used for hedging purposes, increases in the value of the securities the Fund holds or intends to acquire should offset any losses incurred with a derivative.  Purchasing derivatives for purposes other than hedging could expose the Fund to greater risks.
 
The Fund’s ability to hedge securities through derivatives depends on the degree to which price movements in the underlying index or instrument correlate with price movements in the relevant securities.  In the case of poor correlation, the price of the securities the Fund is hedging may not move in the same amount, or even in the same direction as the hedging instrument.  The Sub-Advisor will try to minimize this risk by investing only in those contracts whose behavior it expects to resemble with the portfolio securities it is trying to hedge.  However, if the Fund’s prediction of interest and currency rates, market value, volatility, or other economic factors is incorrect, the Fund may lose money, or may not make as much money as it expected.
 
Derivative prices can diverge from the prices of their underlying instruments, even if the characteristics of the underlying instruments are very similar to the derivative.  Listed below are some of the factors that may cause such a divergence:
 
·  
current and anticipated short-term interest rates, changes in volatility of the underlying instrument, and the time remaining until expiration of the contract;
·  
a difference between the derivatives and securities markets, including different levels of demand, how the instruments are traded, the imposition of daily price fluctuation limits or trading of an instrument stops; and
·  
differences between the derivatives, such as different margin requirements, different liquidity of such markets, and the participation of speculators in such markets.
 
Derivatives based upon a narrow index of securities may present greater risk than derivatives based on a broad index.  Since narrower indices are made up of a smaller number of securities, they are more susceptible to rapid and extreme price fluctuations because of changes in the value of those securities.
 
While currency futures and options values are expected to correlate with exchange rates, they may not reflect other factors that affect the value of the investments of the Fund.  A currency hedge, for example, should protect a yen-denominated security from a decline in the yen, but will not protect the Fund against a price decline resulting from deterioration in the issuer’s creditworthiness.  Because the value of the Fund’s foreign-denominated investments changes in response to many factors other than exchange rates, it may not be possible to match the amount of currency options and futures to the value of the Fund’s investments precisely over time.
 
Derivatives may become illiquid (i.e., difficult to sell at a desired time and price) under a variety of market conditions.  For example:
 
·  
an exchange may suspend or limit trading in a particular derivative instrument, an entire category of derivatives, or all derivatives, which sometimes occurs because of increased market volatility;
·  
unusual or unforeseen circumstances may interrupt normal operations of an exchange;
·  
the facilities of the exchange may not be adequate to handle current trading volume;
·  
equipment failures, government intervention, insolvency of a brokerage firm or clearing house, or other occurrences may disrupt normal trading activity; or
·  
investors may lose interest in a particular derivative or category of derivatives.
 
 
8

 
The prices of derivatives are volatile (i.e., they may change rapidly, substantially, and unpredictably) and are influenced by a variety of factors, including:
 
·  
actual and anticipated changes in interest rates;
·  
fiscal and monetary policies; and
·  
national and international political events.
 
Most exchanges limit the amount by which the price of a derivative can change during a single trading day.  Daily trading limits establish the maximum amount that the price of a derivative may vary from the settlement price of that derivative at the end of trading on the previous day.  Once the price of a derivative reaches this value, the Fund may not trade that derivative at a price beyond that limit.  The daily limit governs only price movements during a given day and does not limit potential gains or losses.  Derivative prices have occasionally moved to the daily limit for several consecutive trading days, preventing prompt liquidation of the derivative.
 
Options.  The Fund will purchase and write call and put options on securities.  The purchase and writing of options involves certain risks.  During the option period, a call writer that holds the underlying security has, in return for the premium on the option, given up the opportunity to profit from a price increase in the underlying securities above the exercise price, but, as long as its obligation as a writer continues, has retained the risk of loss should the price of the underlying security decline.  The writer of an option has no control over the time when it may be required to fulfill its obligation as a writer of the option.  Once an option writer has received an exercise notice, it cannot effect a closing purchase transaction in order to terminate its obligation under the option and must deliver the underlying securities at the exercise price.  If a put or call option purchased by the Fund is not sold when it has remaining value, and if the market price of the underlying security, in the case of a put, remains equal to or greater than the exercise price or, in the case of a call, remains less than or equal to the exercise price, the Fund will lose its entire investment in the option.  The potential losses from writing call options are theoretically unlimited because the underlying security’s price may appreciate indefinitely.  Also, where a put or call option on a particular security is purchased to hedge against price movements in a related security, the price of the put or call option may move more or less than the price of the related security.  There can be no assurance that a liquid market will exist when the Fund seeks to close out an option position.  Furthermore, if trading restrictions or suspensions are imposed on the options market, the Fund may be unable to close out a position.
 
When the Fund invests in options, the Fund will comply with the applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940 and the guidance of no-action letters issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Investment Company Act Release No. 10666 (Apr. 18, 1979), that require the Fund to segregate assets or otherwise “cover” its positions in a manner that limits the Fund’s risk of loss.  The Fund may write a call or put option only if the option is “covered” by holding a position in the underlying securities or by other means which would permit immediate satisfaction of the Fund’s obligation as writer of the option.  A written call option creates a potential obligation to sell the underlying security.  In order to make sure that this obligation can be met, the Fund could (i) hold the security underlying the written option; (ii) hold an offsetting call option (one with a strike price that is the same or lower than the strike price of the written option); or (iii) segregate cash and liquid securities (which can be cash, U.S. Government securities, and other liquid debt or equity securities) that when added to collateral on deposit equals the market value of the underlying security.  A written put option creates a potential obligation to buy the underlying security.  In order to make sure that this obligation can be met, the Fund could (i) sell short the underlying security at the same or higher price than the strike price of the written put option; (ii) hold an offsetting put option (one with a strike price that is the same or higher than the strike price of the written option); or (iii) segregate cash and liquid securities that when added to collateral on deposit equals the strike price of the option.
 
Futures Contracts.  The Fund may enter into futures contracts.  A futures contract is a bilateral agreement to buy or sell a security (or deliver a cash settlement price, in the case of a contract relating to an index or otherwise not calling for physical delivery at the end of trading in the contracts) for a set price in the future.  Futures contracts are designated by boards of trade that have been designated “contracts markets” by the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).  No purchase price is paid or received when the contract is entered into.  Instead, the Fund, upon entering into a futures contract (and
 
 
9

 
to maintain the Fund’s open positions in futures contracts), would be required to deposit with its custodian in a segregated account in the name of the futures broker an amount of cash, U.S. government securities, suitable money market instruments, or liquid, high-grade debt securities, known as “initial margin.”  The margin required for a particular futures contract is set by the exchange on which the contract is traded, and may be significantly modified from time to time by the exchange during the term of the contract.  Futures contracts are customarily purchased and sold on margin that may range upward from less than 5% of the value of the contract being traded.  By using futures contracts as a risk management technique, given the greater liquidity in the futures market than in the cash market, it may be possible to accomplish certain results more quickly and with lower transaction costs.
 
If the price of an open futures contract changes (by increase in the case of a sale or by decrease in the case of a purchase) so that the loss on the futures contract reaches a point at which the margin on deposit does not satisfy margin requirements, the broker will require an increase in the margin.  However, if the value of a position increases because of favorable price changes in the futures contract so that the margin deposit exceeds the required margin, the broker will pay the excess to the Fund.  These subsequent payments, called “variation margin,” to and from the futures broker, are made on a daily basis as the price of the underlying assets fluctuates, making the long and short positions in the futures contract more or less valuable, a process known as “marking to the market.”  The Fund is expected to earn interest income on initial and variation margin deposits.
 
The Fund will incur brokerage fees when it purchases and sells futures contracts.  Positions taken in the futures markets are not normally held until delivery or cash settlement is required, but are instead liquidated through offsetting transactions that may result in a gain or a loss.  While futures positions taken by the Fund will usually be liquidated in this manner, the Fund may instead make or take delivery of underlying securities whenever it appears economically advantageous for the Fund to do so.  A clearing organization associated with the exchange on which futures are traded assumes responsibility for closing out transactions and guarantees that as between the clearing members of an exchange, the sale and purchase obligations will be performed with regard to all positions that remain open at the termination of the contract.
 
In addition to the margin restrictions discussed above, transactions in futures contracts may involve the segregation of funds pursuant to requirements imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Under those requirements, where the Fund has a long position in a futures contract, it may be required to establish a segregated account  (not with a futures commission merchant or broker) containing cash or certain liquid assets equal to the purchase price of the contract (less any margin on deposit).  However, segregation of assets is not required if the Fund “covers” a long position. For a short position in futures or forward contracts held by the Fund, those requirements may mandate the establishment of a segregated account (not with a futures commission merchant or broker) with cash or certain liquid assets that, when added to the amounts deposited as margin, equal the market value of the instruments underlying the futures contracts (but are not less than the price at which the short positions were established).
 
Forward Commitment and When-Issued Securities.  The Fund may purchase securities on a when-issued basis or for settlement at a future date if the Fund holds sufficient assets to meet the purchase price.  In such purchase transactions, the Fund will not accrue interest on the purchased security until the actual settlement.  Similarly, if a security is sold for a forward date, the Fund will accrue the interest until the settlement of the sale.  When-issued security purchases and forward commitments have a higher degree of risk of price movement before settlement due to the extended time period between the execution and settlement of the purchase or sale.  As a result, the exposure to the counterparty of the purchase or sale is increased.  Although the Fund would generally purchase securities on a forward commitment or when-issued basis with the intention of taking delivery, the Fund may sell such a security prior to the settlement date if the Sub-Advisor feels such action is appropriate.  In such a case, the Fund could incur a short-term gain or loss.
 
Swaps.  The Fund may invest in currency, equity, interest rate, index and other swaps, which involve the exchange by an investor with another party of their respective commitments, in an attempt to obtain a particular return when it is considered desirable to do so, possibly at a lower cost than if the Fund had invested directly in the asset that yielded the desired return.  In the case of interest rate swaps, an investor may exchange with another party their respective commitments to pay or receive interest, such as an exchange of fixed rate payments for floating rate payments.  Use of swaps subjects the investor
 
 
10

 
to risk of default by the counterparties.  If there is a default by the counterparty to such a transaction, there may be contractual remedies pursuant to the agreements related to the transaction although contractual remedies may not be sufficient in the event that the counterparty to the transaction is insolvent.  The swap market has grown substantially in recent years with a large number of banks and investment banking firms acting both as principals and agents utilizing standardized swap documentation.  As a result, the swap market has become relatively liquid in comparison with the markets for other similar instruments which are traded in the interbank market.  An investor may also enter into currency swaps or other swaps which are similar to interest rate swaps but may be surrogates for other instruments such as currency forwards or options.
 
Short Sales.  The Fund may sell securities short.  A short sale is a transaction in which the Fund sells a security it does not own or have the right to acquire (or that it owns but does not wish to deliver) in anticipation that the market price of that security will decline.  When the Fund makes a short sale, the broker-dealer through which the short sale is made must borrow the security sold short and deliver it to the party purchasing the security.  The Fund is required to make a margin deposit in connection with such short sales; the Fund may have to pay a fee to borrow particular securities and will often be obligated to pay over any dividends and accrued interest on borrowed securities.
 
If the price of the security sold short increases between the time of the short sale and the time the Fund covers the short position, the Fund will incur a loss; conversely, if the price declines, the Fund will realize a capital gain.  Any gain will be decreased, and any loss increased, by the transaction costs described above.  The successful use of short selling may be adversely affected by imperfect correlation between movements in the price of the security sold short and the securities being hedged.
 
If the Fund does sell “short”, the Fund will comply with current guidance from the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission regarding asset coverage requirements, including Investment Company Act Release No. 10666 (Apr. 18, 1979) 18, 1979) that require the Fund to segregate assets or otherwise “cover” its positions in a manner that limits the Fund’s risk of loss..  In particular, the Fund will take measures to ensure its obligation to purchase the security in the future will be met, including (i) holding the security sold short; (ii) holding an offsetting call option (one with a strike price that is the same or lower than the price at which the security was sold short); or (iii) segregating liquid assets (which can be cash, U.S. Government securities, and other liquid debt or equity securities) on the Fund’s books or in a segregated account at the Fund’s custodian in an amount sufficient to cover the current value of the securities to be replaced as well as any dividends, interest, and transaction costs due to the broker-dealer lender.  In determining the amount to be segregated, any securities that have been sold short by the Fund will be marked to market daily.  To the extent the market price of the securities sold short increases and more assets are required to meet the Fund’s short sale obligations, additional assets will be segregated to ensure adequate coverage of the Fund’s short position obligations.  If the Fund does not have the assets to cover a short sale, then the Fund’s potential losses on the short will be unlimited because the security’s price may appreciate indefinitely.
 
Liquidity Impact of Margin and Segregation Requirements.  Although the Fund will segregate cash and liquid assets in an amount sufficient to cover its open obligations with respect to written options, short sales, and other derivative instruments as applicable, the segregated assets will be available to the Fund immediately upon closing out the positions, while settlement of securities transactions could take several days. However, because the Fund’s cash that may otherwise be invested would be held uninvested or invested in other liquid assets so long as the position remains open, the Fund’s return could be diminished due to the opportunity losses of foregoing other potential investments.
 
Illiquid Investments.  The Fund may invest up to 15% of net assets in illiquid securities, which are investments that cannot be sold or disposed of in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued.  This restriction is not limited to the time of purchase.  Under the supervision of the Board of Trustees of the Trust (the “Board” or “Trustees”), the Sub-Advisor determines the liquidity of the Fund’s investments, and through reports from the Sub-Advisor, the Trustees monitor investments in illiquid instruments.  In determining the liquidity of the Fund’s investments, the Sub-Advisor may consider various factors including (i) the frequency of trades and quotations; (ii) the number of dealers and prospective purchasers in the marketplace; (iii) dealer undertakings to make a market; (iv) the nature of the security (including any demand or tender features); and (v) the nature of the marketplace for trades (including the ability to assign or offset the Fund’s rights and obligations relating to the investment).  If through a change in values, net assets, or other circumstances, the Fund were in a position where more than 15% of its net assets were invested in illiquid securities, it would seek to take appropriate steps to protect liquidity.  Investment in illiquid securities poses risks of potential delays in resale and uncertainty in valuation.  Limitations on resale may have an adverse effect on the marketability of portfolio securities and the Fund may be unable to dispose of illiquid securities promptly or at reasonable prices.
 
 
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Restricted Securities.  Within its limitation on investment in illiquid securities, the Fund may purchase restricted securities that generally can be sold in privately negotiated transactions, pursuant to an exemption from registration under the federal securities laws, or in a registered public offering.  Where registration is required, the Fund may be obligated to pay all or part of the registration expense and a considerable period may elapse between the time it decides to seek registration and the time the Fund may be permitted to sell a security under an effective registration statement.  If during such a period adverse market conditions were to develop, the Fund might obtain a less favorable price than prevailed when it decided to seek registration of the security.  Restricted securities that can be offered and sold to qualified institutional buyers under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933 and are determined to be liquid under guidelines adopted by and subject to the supervision of the Trustees are not subject to the limitations on illiquid securities.
 
Lending of Portfolio Securities.  In order to generate additional income, the Fund may lend portfolio securities in an amount up to 33% of total Fund assets to broker-dealers, major banks, or other recognized domestic institutional borrowers of securities which the Sub-Advisor has determined are creditworthy under guidelines established by the Board of Trustees.  In determining whether the Fund will lend securities, the Sub-Advisor will consider all relevant facts and circumstances.  The Fund may not lend securities to any company affiliated with the Sub-Advisor.  Each loan of securities will be collateralized by cash, securities, or equivalent collateral.  The Fund might experience a loss if the borrower defaults on the loan.
 
The borrower at all times during the loan must maintain with the Fund cash or cash equivalent collateral.  While the loan is outstanding, the borrower will pay the Fund any interest paid on the loaned securities, and the Fund may invest the cash collateral to earn additional income.  Alternatively, the Fund may receive an agreed-upon amount of interest income from the borrower who has delivered equivalent collateral.  It is anticipated that the Fund may share with the borrower some of the income received on the collateral for the loan or the Fund will be paid a premium for the loan.  Voting rights for loaned securities will typically pass to the borrower, but the Fund will retain the right to call any security in anticipation of a vote that the Advisor deems material to the security on loan.  Loans are subject to termination at the option of the Fund or the borrower at any time.  The Fund may pay reasonable administrative and custodial fees in connection with a loan, and may pay a negotiated portion of the income earned on the cash to the borrower or placing broker.  As with other extensions of credit, there are risks of delay in recovery or even loss of rights in the collateral should the borrower fail financially.
 
Securities lending involves counterparty risk, including the risk that the loaned securities may not be returned or returned in a timely manner and/or a loss of rights in the collateral if the borrower or the lending agent defaults or fails financially.  This risk will be increased if a continuation of the current downturn in the economic conditions in the United States and around the world, particularly the recent failures of several major financial services firms, causes further declines in the securities markets and/or causes further financial instability in the borrowers or lending agents.  This risk is increased when the Fund’s loans are concentrated with a single or limited number of borrowers.  There are no limits on the number of borrowers the Fund may use, and the Fund may lend securities to only one or a small group of borrowers.  Mutual funds participating in securities lending bear the risk of loss in connection with investments of the cash collateral received from the borrowers, which do not trigger additional collateral requirements from the borrower.
 
Borrowing.  The Fund may borrow money for investment purposes, which is a form of leveraging.  Leveraging investments, by purchasing securities with borrowed money, is a speculative technique that increases investment risk while increasing investment opportunity.  Such borrowing may make the Fund’s NAV more volatile than funds that do not borrow for investment purposes because leverage magnifies changes in the Fund’s NAV and on the Fund’s investments.  Although the principal of borrowings will be fixed, the Fund’s assets may change in value during the time the borrowing is outstanding.  Leverage also creates interest expenses for the Fund.  To the extent the income derived from securities purchased with borrowed funds exceeds the interest the Fund will have to pay, the Fund’s net income will be greater than it would be if leverage were not used.  Conversely, if the income from the assets obtained with borrowed funds is not sufficient to cover the cost of leveraging, the net income of the Fund will be less than it would be if leverage were not used, and therefore the amount available for distribution to shareholders as dividends will be reduced.  The use of derivatives in connection
 
 
12

 
with leverage creates the potential for significant loss.  The Fund does not intend to use leverage in excess of 5% of total assets and will not make additional investments when outstanding borrowings exceed 5% of the Fund’s total assets.  Any leveraging will comply with the applicable requirements of the Investment Company Act of 1940 and the guidance of no-action letters issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Investment Company Act Release No. 10666 (Apr. 18, 1979), intended to minimize the use of leverage and the possibility that the Fund’s liabilities will exceed the value of its assets.
 
The Fund may also borrow money to meet redemptions or for other emergency purposes.  Such borrowings may be on a secured or unsecured basis at fixed or variable rates of interest.  The Investment Company Act of 1940 requires the Fund to maintain continuous asset coverage of not less than 300% with respect to all borrowings.  If such asset coverage should decline to less than 300% due to market fluctuations or other reasons, the Fund may be required to dispose of some portfolio holdings within three days in order to reduce the Fund’s debt and restore the 300% asset coverage, even though it may be disadvantageous from an investment standpoint to dispose of assets at that time.  The Fund also may be required to maintain minimum average balances in connection with such borrowing or to pay a commitment or other fee to maintain a line of credit.  Either of these requirements would increase the cost of borrowing over the stated interest rate.
 
INVESTMENT LIMITATIONS
 
The Fund has adopted the following investment limitations, which cannot be changed without approval by holders of a majority of the outstanding voting shares of the Fund.  A “majority” for this purpose means the lesser of (i) 67% of the Fund’s outstanding shares represented in person or by proxy at a meeting at which more than 50% of its outstanding shares are represented; or (ii) more than 50% of its outstanding shares.  Unless otherwise indicated, percentage limitations apply at the time of purchase of the applicable securities.
 
As a matter of fundamental policy, the Fund may not:
 
(1)
Issue senior securities, except as permitted by the Investment Company Act of 1940;
 
(2)
Borrow money, except to the extent permitted under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (including, without limitation, borrowing to meet redemptions).  For purposes of this investment restriction, the entry into options, forward contracts, futures contracts, including those relating to indices, and options on futures contracts or indices shall not constitute borrowing;
 
(3)
Pledge, mortgage, or hypothecate its assets, except to the extent necessary to secure permitted borrowings and to the extent related to the deposit of assets in escrow in connection with writing covered put and call options and the purchase of securities on a when-issued or forward commitment basis and collateral and initial or variation margin arrangements with respect to options, forward contracts, futures contracts, including those relating to indices, and options on futures contracts or indices;
 
(4)
Act as an underwriter except to the extent that, in connection with the disposition of portfolio securities, the Fund may be deemed to be an underwriter under certain federal securities laws;
 
(5)
Purchase or sell real estate or direct interests in real estate; provided, however, that the Fund may purchase and sell securities which are secured by real estate and securities of companies that invest or deal in real estate (including, without limitation, investments in REITs, mortgage-backed securities, and privately-held real estate funds);
 
(6)
Invest in commodities, except that the Fund may purchase and sell securities of companies that invest in commodities, options, forward contracts, futures contracts, including those relating to indices and currencies, and options on futures contracts, indices or currencies;
 
(7)
Make investments for the purpose of exercising control or management over a portfolio company;
 
(8)
Make loans, provided that the Fund may lend its portfolio securities in an amount up to 33% of total Fund assets, and provided further that, for purposes of this restriction, investment in U.S. Government obligations, short-term commercial paper, certificates of deposit, and bankers’ acceptances;
 
 
13

 
(9)
Concentrate its investments. The Fund’s concentration policy limits the aggregate value of holdings of a single industry or group of industries (except U.S. Government and cash items) to less than 25% of the Fund’s total assets; or
 
(10)
With respect to 75% of its total assets, the Fund may not: (i) purchase 10% or more of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer; or (ii) purchase securities of any issuer if, as a result, 5% or more of the Fund’s total assets would be invested in that issuer’s securities.  This limitation does not apply to investments in (i) cash and cash items; (ii) securities of other registered investment companies; and (iii) obligations of the United States Government, its agencies, or instrumentalities.
 
Senior securities may include any obligation or instrument issued by a fund evidencing indebtedness. The Investment Company Act of 1940 generally prohibits funds from issuing senior securities, although it does not treat certain transactions as senior securities (“Permitted Senior Securities”), such as certain borrowings, short sales, firm commitment agreements, and standby commitments, with appropriate earmarking or segregation of assets to cover such obligations.  The Fund’s specific policies for segregation of assets are described in “Additional Information About Investment Policies” above.
 
The Fund is allowed to pledge, mortgage, or hypothecate assets up to the amounts allowable under the Investment Company Act of 1940, which presently allows the Fund to borrow from any bank (including pledging, mortgaging or hypothecating assets) in an amount up to 33 1/3% of its total assets (not including temporary borrowings not in excess of 5% of its total assets).
 
The Funds will not make additional investments in securities when outstanding borrowings exceed 5% of the Fund’s total assets.
 
With respect to the fundamental investment restrictions above (other than those involving senior securities and borrowings), if a percentage limitation is adhered to at the time of investment, a later increase or decrease in percentage resulting from any change in value or net assets will not result in a violation of such restriction (i.e., percentage limitations are determined at the time of purchase).
 
The Fund may invest up to 15% of net assets in illiquid securities, which are investments that cannot be sold or disposed of in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the prices at which they are valued.  This restriction is not limited to the time of purchase.
 
PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS
 
Subject to the general supervision of the Trustees, the Advisor and Sub-Advisor are responsible for, make decisions with respect to, and place orders for all purchases and sales of portfolio securities for the Fund.  The Advisor shall manage the Fund’s portfolios in accordance with the terms of the Investment Advisory Agreement by and between the Advisor and the Trust on behalf of the Fund.  The Sub-Advisor serves pursuant to an Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement with the Advisor as approved by the Trustees.  These agreements are described in detail under “Management and Other Service Providers.”  The Advisor and Sub-Advisor serve as investment advisor for a number of client accounts, including the Fund.  Investment decisions for the Fund are made independently from those for any other series of the Trust, if any, and for any other investment companies and accounts advised or managed by the Advisor or Sub-Advisor.
 
Brokerage Selection. The Fund has adopted, and the Trustees have approved, policies and procedures relating to the direction of mutual fund portfolio securities transactions to broker-dealers.  The Advisor and Sub-Advisor may not give consideration to sales of shares of the Fund as a factor in selecting broker-dealers to execute portfolio securities transactions.  The Advisor and Sub-Advisor may, however, place portfolio transactions with broker-dealers that promote or sell the Fund’s shares so long as such transactions are done in accordance with the policies and procedures established by the Trustees that are designed to ensure that the selection is based on the quality of the broker’s execution and not on its sales efforts.  In selecting brokers to be used in portfolio transactions, the general guiding principle is to obtain the best overall execution for each trade, which is a combination of price and
 
 
14

 
execution.  With respect to execution, the Advisor and Sub-Advisor consider a number of discretionary factors, including, without limitation, the actual handling of the order, the ability of the broker to settle the trade promptly and accurately, the financial standing of the broker, the ability of the broker to position stock to facilitate execution, past experience with similar trades, and other factors that may be unique to a particular order.  Recognizing the value of these discretionary factors, the Advisor and Sub-Advisor may select brokers who charge a brokerage commission that is higher than the lowest commission that might otherwise be available for any given trade.
 
Under Section 28(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as well as both the Investment Advisory Agreement and Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement, the Advisor and Sub-Advisor are authorized to pay a brokerage commission in excess of that which another broker might have charged for effecting the same transaction, in recognition of the value of brokerage and/or research services provided by the broker.  The research received by the Advisor and Sub-Advisor may include, without limitation: information on the United States and other world economies; information on specific industries, groups of securities, individual companies, and political and other relevant news developments affecting markets and specific securities; technical and quantitative information about markets; analysis of proxy proposals affecting specific companies; accounting and performance systems that allow the Advisor and Sub-Advisor to determine and track investment results; and trading systems that allow the Advisor and Sub-Advisor to interface electronically with brokerage firms, custodians, and other providers.  Research is received in the form of written reports, telephone contacts, personal meetings, research seminars, software programs, and access to computer databases.  In some instances, research products or services received by the Advisor and Sub-Advisor may also be used for functions that are not research related (i.e. not related to the making of investment decisions).  Where a research product or service has a mixed use, the Advisor and Sub-Advisor will make a reasonable allocation according to the use and will pay for the non-research function in cash using its own funds.
 
The research and investment information services described above make the views and information of individuals and research staffs of other securities firms available to the Advisor and Sub-Advisor for their analysis and consideration.  These services may be useful to the Advisor and Sub-Advisor in connection with advisory clients other than the Fund and not all such services may be useful to the Advisor and Sub-Advisor in connection with the Fund.  Although such information may be a useful supplement to the Advisor’s and Sub-Advisor’s own investment information in rendering services to the Fund, the value of such research and services is not expected to reduce materially the expenses of the Advisor and Sub-Advisor in the performance of their services under the Investment Advisory Agreement and Investment Dub-Advisory Agreement and will not reduce the management fees payable to the Advisor by the Fund.
 
The Fund may invest in securities traded in the over-the-counter market.  In these cases, the Fund may initiate trades through brokers on an agency basis and pay a commission in connection with the transaction.  The Fund may also effect these transactions by dealing directly with the dealers who make a market in the securities involved, in which case the costs of such transactions would involve dealer spreads rather than brokerage commissions.  With respect to securities traded only in the over-the-counter market, orders will be executed on a principal basis with primary market makers in such securities except where better prices or executions may be obtained on an agency basis or by dealing with those other than a primary market maker.
 
Normally, most of the Fund’s fixed income portfolio transactions will be principal transactions executed in over the counter markets and will be executed on a “net” basis, which may include a dealer mark up.  With respect to securities traded only in the over the counter market, orders will be executed on a principal basis with primary market makers in such securities except where better prices or executions may be obtained on an agency basis or by dealing with other than a primary market maker.
 
The Fund may participate, if and when practicable, in bidding for the purchase of Fund securities directly from an issuer in order to take advantage of the lower purchase price available to members of a bidding group.  The Fund will engage in this practice, however, only when the Advisor and Sub-Advisor, in their sole discretion, believe such practice to be otherwise in the Fund’s interest.
 
Aggregated Trades. While investment decisions for the Fund are made independently of the Advisor’s and Sub-Advisor’s other client accounts, the other client accounts may invest in the same securities as the Fund.  To the extent permitted by law, the Advisor or Sub-Advisor may aggregate the securities to be sold or purchased for the Fund with those to be sold or purchased for other investment companies or accounts in executing transactions.  When a purchase or sale of the same security is made at substantially the same time on behalf of the Fund and another investment company or account, the
 
 
15

 
transaction will be averaged as to price and available investments allocated as to amount in a manner which the Advisor or Sub-Advisor believes to be equitable to the Fund and such other investment company or account.  In some instances, this investment procedure may adversely affect the price paid or received by the Fund or the size of the position obtained or sold by the Fund.
 
Portfolio Turnover.  The annualized portfolio turnover rate for the Fund is calculated by dividing the lesser of purchases or sales of portfolio securities for the reporting period by the monthly average value of the portfolio securities owned during the reporting period.  The calculation excludes all securities whose maturities or expiration dates at the time of acquisition are one year or less.  Portfolio turnover of the Fund may vary greatly from year to year as well as within a particular year, and may be affected by cash requirements for redemption of shares and by requirements that enable the Fund to receive favorable tax treatment.  Portfolio turnover will not be a limiting factor in making Fund decisions, and the Fund may engage in short-term trading to achieve its investment objectives.  High rates of portfolio turnover could lower performance of the Fund due to increased transaction costs and may also result in the realization of short-term capital gains taxed at ordinary income tax rates.
 
DESCRIPTION OF THE TRUST
 
The Trust, which is a statutory trust organized under Delaware law on May 13, 2009, is an open-end management investment company.  The Trust’s Declaration of Trust (“Trust Instrument”) authorizes the Trustees to divide shares into series, each series relating to a separate portfolio of investments, and to classify and reclassify any unissued shares into one or more classes of shares of each such series.  The Trust currently consists of twenty-four series: the Fund and the CV Asset Allocation Fund managed by the Advisor; the Arin Large Cap Theta Fund managed by Arin Risk Advisors, LLC; the Caritas All Cap Growth Fund managed by Caritas Capital, LLC; the Crescent Large Cap Macro Fund, Crescent Mid Cap Macro Fund, and Crescent Strategic Income Fund managed by Greenwood Capital Associates, LLC; the ISM Dynamic Growth Fund, ISM Dynamic Total Return Fund, ISM Non Traditional Fund, ISM High Income Fund, ISM Strategic Equity Fund, ISM Strategic Fixed Income Fund, ISM Global Alpha Tactical Fund, ISM Tax Free Fund, ISM Dividend Income Fund, and ISM Premier Asset Management Fund managed by FolioMetrix, LLC; the Matisse Discounted Closed-End Fund Strategy managed by Deschutes Portfolio Strategies; the Presidio Multi-Strategy Fund managed by Presidio Capital Investments, LLC; the Prophecy Alpha Trading Fund managed by CV Investment Advisors, LLC; the Roumell Opportunistic Value Fund managed by Roumell Asset Management, LLC; the SCS Tactical Allocation Fund managed by Sentinel Capital Solutions, Inc.; the Sector Rotation Fund managed by Navigator Money Management, Inc.; and the Thornhill Strategic Equity Fund managed by Thornhill Securities, Inc.  The shares of the Fund are divided into two classes which are described in the Prospectus: Institutional Class Shares and Advisor Class Shares.  Additional series and/or classes may be created from time to time.  The number of shares in the Trust shall be unlimited.  When issued for payment as described in the Fund’s prospectus and this Statement of Additional Information, shares of the Fund will be fully paid and non-assessable and shall have no preemptive or conversion rights.  The Trust normally does not issue share certificates.
 
In the event of a liquidation or dissolution of the Trust or an individual series, such as the Fund, shareholders of a particular series would be entitled to receive the assets available for distribution belonging to such series.  Shareholders of a series are entitled to participate equally in the net distributable assets of the particular series involved on liquidation, based on the number of shares of the series that are held by each shareholder.  If there are any assets, income, earnings, proceeds, funds, or payments, that are not readily identifiable as belonging to any particular series, the Trustees shall allocate them among any one or more of the series as they, in their sole discretion, deem fair and equitable.
 
Shareholders of all of the series of the Trust, including the Fund, will vote together and not separately on a series-by-series or class-by-class basis, except as otherwise required by law or when the Trustees determine that the matter to be voted upon affects only the interests of the shareholders of a particular series or class.  The Trust has adopted a Rule 18f-3 Multi-class Plan for certain series that contain the general characteristics of and conditions under which such series may offer multiple classes of shares.  Rule 18f-2 under the Investment Company Act of 1940 provides that any matter required to be submitted to the holders of the outstanding voting securities of an investment company such as the Trust shall not be deemed to have been effectively acted upon unless approved by the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of each series or class affected by the matter.  A series or class is
 
 
16

 
affected by a matter unless it is clear that the interests of each series or class in the matter are substantially identical or that the matter does not affect any interest of the series or class.  Under Rule 18f-2, the approval of an investment advisory agreement or any change in a fundamental investment policy would be effectively acted upon with respect to a series only if approved by a majority of the outstanding shares of such series.  However, the rule also provides that the ratification of the appointment of independent accountants, the approval of principal underwriting contracts, and the election of Trustees may be effectively acted upon by shareholders of the Trust voting together, without regard to a particular series or class.  Rights of shareholders can only be modified by a majority vote.
 
When used in the Prospectus or this SAI, a “majority” of shareholders means the vote of the lesser of (i) 67% of the shares of the Trust or the applicable series or class present at a meeting if the holders of more than 50% of the outstanding shares are present in person or by proxy or (ii) more than 50% of the outstanding shares of the Trust or the applicable series or class.
 
Shareholders are entitled to one vote for each full share and a fractional vote for each fractional share held.  Shares have non-cumulative voting rights, which means that the holders of more than 50% of the shares voting for the election of Trustees can elect 100% of the Trustees, and in this event, the holders of the remaining shares voting will not be able to elect any Trustees.
 
The Trustees will hold office indefinitely, except that: (i) any Trustee may resign or retire, and (ii) any Trustee may be removed: (a) any time by written instrument signed by at least two-thirds of the number of Trustees prior to such removal; (b) at any meeting of shareholders of the Trust by a vote of two-thirds of the outstanding shares of the Trust; or (c) by a written declaration signed by shareholders holding not less than two-thirds of the outstanding shares of the Trust.  In case a vacancy on the Board of Trustees shall for any reason exist, the vacancy shall be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining Trustees, subject to certain restrictions under the Investment Company Act of 1940.  Otherwise, there will normally be no meeting of shareholders for the purpose of electing Trustees, and the Trust does not expect to have an annual meeting of shareholders.
 
The Trust Instrument provides that the Trustees will not be liable in any event in connection with the affairs of the Trust, except as such liability may arise from a Trustee’s bad faith, willful misfeasance, gross negligence, or reckless disregard of duties.  It also provides that all third parties shall look solely to the Trust’s property for satisfaction of claims arising in connection with the affairs of the Trust.  With the exceptions stated, the Trust Instrument provides that a Trustee or officer is entitled to be indemnified against all liability in connection with the affairs of the Trust.
 
MANAGEMENT AND OTHER SERVICE PROVIDERS
 
The Trustees are responsible for the management and supervision of the Fund.  The Trustees approve all significant agreements between the Trust, on behalf of the Fund, and those companies that furnish services to the Fund; review performance of the Advisor, Sub-Advisor, and the Fund; and oversee activities of the Fund.  This section of the Statement of Additional Information provides information about the persons who serve as Trustees and officers to the Trust and Fund, respectively, as well as the entities that provide services to the Fund.
 
Trustees and Officers.  Following are the Trustees and officers of the Trust, their age and address, their present position with the Trust or the Fund, and their principal occupation during the past five years.  Those Trustees who are “interested persons” (as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940) by virtue of their affiliation with the Trust, Advisor, or the Sub-Advisor are indicated in the table.  The address of each Trustee and officer of the Trust, unless otherwise indicated, is 116 South Franklin Street, Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27804.
 
 
17

 
 
Name, Age
and Address
Position
held with
Funds or Trust
Length
of Time
Served
Principal Occupation
During Past 5 Years
Number of
Portfolios in
Fund
Complex
Overseen
by Trustee
Other Directorships
Held by Trustee
During Past 5 Years
Independent Trustees
Jack E. Brinson
Age: 80
Independent Trustee
Since 7/09
Retired; previously, President of Brinson Investment Co. (personal investments) and President of Brinson Chevrolet, Inc. (auto dealership).
24
Independent Trustee of Brown Capital Management Funds for its three series, DGHM Investment Trust for its two series, Gardner Lewis Investment Trust for its two series, Hillman Capital Management Investment Trust for its one series, and Tilson Investment Trust for its two series (all registered investment companies); previously, Independent Trustee of de Leon Funds Trust for its one series from 2000 to 2005, Giordano Investment Trust for its one series during 2011, and New Providence Investment Trust for its one series from inception until 2011 (all registered investment companies).
Michael G. Mosley
Age: 59
Independent Trustee
Since 7/10
Owner of Commercial Realty Services (real estate) since 2004.
24
None.
Theo H. Pitt, Jr.
Age: 76
Independent Trustee
Since 9/10
Senior Partner, Community Financial Institutions Consulting (financial consulting) since 1999; Partner, Pikar Properties (real estate) since 2001; Account Administrator, Holden Wealth Management Group of Wachovia Securities (money management firm) from 2003-2008.
24
Independent Trustee of DGHM Investment Trust for its two series, Gardner Lewis Investment Trust for its two series, and Hanna Investment Trust for its one series (all registered investment companies); previously, Independent Trustee of Hillman Capital Management Investment Trust for its two series from 2000 to 2009, NCM Capital Investment Trust for its one series from 2007 to 2009, New Providence Investment Trust from 2008 to 2009, and Tilson Investment Trust for its two series from 2004 to 2009 (all registered investment companies).
James H. Speed, Jr.
Age: 59
Independent Trustee, Chairman
Trustee since 7/09, Chair since 5/12
President and CEO of NC Mutual Insurance Company (insurance company) since 2003; President of Speed Financial Group, Inc. (consulting and private investments) from 2000 to 2003.
24
Independent Trustee of the following Brown Capital Management Funds for its three series, Hillman Capital Management Investment Trust for its one series, and Tilson Investment Trust for its two series (all registered investment companies).  Member of Board of Directors of NC Mutual Life Insurance Company.  Member of Board of Directors of M&F Bancorp.  Previously, Independent Trustee of New Providence Investment Trust for its one series from 2009 until 2011 (registered investment company).
J. Buckley Strandberg
Age: 52
Independent Trustee
Since 7/09
President of Standard Insurance and Realty (insurance and property management) since 1982.
24
None.
 
 
 
18

 
 
Name, Age
and Address
Position
held with
Funds or Trust
Length
of Time
Served
Principal Occupation
During Past 5 Years
Number of
Portfolios in
Fund
Complex
Overseen
by Trustee
Other Directorships
Held by Trustee
During Past 5 Years
Other Officers
Robert G. Fontana
Age: 42
5950 Fairview Road
Suite 610-A
Charlotte, NC 28210
President and Treasurer  (Caritas All-Cap Growth Fund)
Since 7/09
President and CIO of Caritas Capital, LLC (advisor to the Caritas All-Cap Growth Fund) since 2009; Portfolio Manager for Portfolio Capital Management (investment management) since 2006; previously, Portfolio Manager for Covenant Capital, LLC (investment management).
n/a
n/a
D. Jerry Murphey
Age: 54
821 Pacific Street
Omaha, Nebraska 68108
President (FMX Funds)
Since 7/09
Manager, President, and CEO of FolioMetrix, LLC (advisor to the FMX Funds) since 2009; principal of Uptrade Research Associates, LLC (investment research) since 2009; previously, Investment Management Consultant for Prudential Investments, Wealth Management Solutions (investment management).
n/a
n/a
Julie M. Koethe
Age: 32
821 Pacific Street
Omaha, Nebraska 68108
Treasurer (FMX Funds)
Since 4/10
Chief Operating Officer of FolioMetrix, LLC (advisor to the FMX Funds) since 2010; Insurance Accounting Supervisor for Applied Underwriters (workers compensation and payroll service provider) from 2003-2010.
n/a
n/a
Matthew R. Lee
Age: 30
1777 Borel Place,
Suite 415,
San Mateo, CA 94402
President (Presidio Multi-Strategy Fund)
Since 2/10
Chief Executive Officer of Presidio Capital Investments, LLC (advisor to the Presidio Multi-Strategy Fund) since 2006;  Financial Planning Specialist with Smith Barney, a division of Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (now known as Morgan Stanley Smith Barney) from 2004-2006; Associate at Bank of America Investments, Inc. (investment management) from 2003-2004.
n/a
n/a
James C. Roumell
Age: 51
2 Wisconsin Circle
Suite 660
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
President (Roumell Opportunistic Value Fund)
Since 9/10
President of Roumell Asset Management, LLC (advisor to the Roumell Opportunistic Value Fund) since 1998.
n/a
n/a
Craig L. Lukin
Age:45
2 Wisconsin Circle
Suite 660
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
Treasurer (Roumell Opportunistic Value Fund)
Since 9/10
Chief Operating Officer and Chief Compliance Officer of Roumell Asset Management, LLC since 2007; Research Analyst at Roumell Asset Management, LLC from 2003-2007; Private Equity Analyst for Dent & Company, Inc. (investment services) from 2000-2002; Corporate Value Consulting Manager for PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP (accountancy and professional services) from 1994-2000.
n/a
n/a
 
 
 
19

 
 
Name, Age
and Address
Position
held with
Funds or Trust
Length
of Time
Served
Principal Occupation
During Past 5 Years
Number of
Portfolios in
Fund
Complex
Overseen
by Trustee
Other Directorships
Held by Trustee
During Past 5 Years
Mark A. Grimaldi
Age: 50
1207 Route 9
Suite 10
Wappingers Falls, NY 12590
President and Treasurer (Sector Rotation Fund)
Since 4/11
President and Chief Compliance Officer of Navigator Money Management, Inc. (advisor to the Sector Rotation Fund) since 1996; Vice President of The Prestige Organization, Inc. since 1996; and Co-Fund Manager of ETF Market Opportunity Fund (formerly Navigator Fund) from 2008-2009.
n/a
n/a
Cort F. Meinelschmidt
Age: 33
38 S. Potomac Street
Suite 304
Hagerstown, MD
21740
 
President (SCS Tactical Allocation Fund)
Since 10/11
President of Sentinel Capital Solutions, Inc. (advisor to the SCS Tactical Allocation Fund) since 2011; Financial Advisor for Centra Financial Services (investment services) from 2010-2011; Financial Advisor for Edward Jones (investment services) from 2004-2010.
n/a
n/a
J. Philip Bell
Age: 59
104 Maxwell Avenue
P.O. Box 3181
Greenwood, SC 29648
President (Crescent Funds)
Since 10/11
President and Chief Compliance Officer of Greenwood Capital Associates, LLC (advisor to the Crescent Funds) since 1985.
n/a
n/a
Michael W. Nix
Age: 39
104 Maxwell Avenue
P.O. Box 3181
Greenwood, SC 29648
Treasurer (Crescent Funds)
Since 10/11
Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Greenwood Capital Associates, LLC since 2011; previously Chief Investment Officer from 2007 to 2011 and Portfolio Manager/Analyst from 2003 to 2007.
n/a
n/a
Joseph DeSipio
Age: 46
300 Four Falls Corporate Center, Suite 200
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
President (Arin Funds)
Since 3/12
Co-Founder and Chief Market Strategist of Arin Risk Advisors, LLC (advisor to the Arin Funds) since 2009.  Previously, Investment Strategist of SEI Investment Company (financial services) from 2007 until 2009 and Director of Options Strategy Group for Evergreen Investments (investment management) from 2000 until 2007.
n/a
n/a
Lawrence Lempert
Age: 44
300 Four Falls Corporate Center, Suite 200
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
Treasurer (Arin Funds)
Since 3/12
Trading Director of Arin Risk Advisors, LLC since 2009 and Chief Compliance Officer since 2011.  Previously, managing member of Bullock Capital, LLC (securities brokerage) from 2004 through 2010.
n/a
n/a
Bryn H. Torkelson
Age: 55
4949 Meadows Road
Suite 200
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
President (Matisse Discounted Closed-End Fund Strategy)
Since 5/12
President and Chief Investment Officer of Deschutes Portfolio Strategies, LLC (advisor to the Matisse Discounted Closed-End Fund Strategy) since 2010, President of Deschutes Investment Advisors, Inc. (investment management) since 1997.
n/a
n/a
 
 
 
20

 
 
Name, Age
and Address
Position
held with
Funds or Trust
Length
of Time
Served
Principal Occupation
During Past 5 Years
Number of
Portfolios in
Fund
Complex
Overseen
by Trustee
Other Directorships
Held by Trustee
During Past 5 Years
Gabriel F. Thornhill
Age: 46
336 South Congress
Suite 200
Austin, TX 78704
President and Treasurer (Thornhill Strategic Equity Fund)
Since 7/12
President and Chief Compliance Officer of Thornhill Securities, Inc. (advisor to the Thornhill Strategic Equity Fund) since 2005.
n/a
n/a
Brenda A. Smith
Age: 52
300 Conshohocken State Road, Suite 200
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
 
President (Prophecy Alpha Trading Fund), ), Treasurer (CV Sector Rotational Fund)
Since 8/12 and 10/12
President of CV Brokerage, Inc. (broker-dealer) since 2010.  Managing Member of CV Investment Advisors, LLC (advisor to the Prophecy Alpha Trading Fund) since 2012.  Owner of BA Smith & Associates, LLC (accounting and consulting) since 1995.
n/a
n/a
Michael Barron
Age: 44
390 North Orange Ave,
27th Floor
Orlando, Florida 32801
President (CV Sector Rotational Fund)
Since 10/12
Director and Portfolio Manager of ICC Capital Management, Inc. (sub-advisor to the CV Asset Allocation Fund) since 2011.  Previously, founder and Portfolio Manager at Revolution Capital (investment management) from 2008 to 2011 and CEO, Portfolio Manager and Principal at Knott Capital Management (investment management) from 2000 to 2008.
n/a
n/a
Jeffrey Spotts, CMT
Age: 46
300 Conshohocken State Road, Suite 200
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
 
Treasurer (Prophecy Alpha Trading Fund)
Since 8/12
General Partner and principal owner of Prophecy Asset Management Inc. (sub-advisor to the Prophecy Alpha Trading Fund) since 2001.
n/a
n/a
T. Lee Hale, Jr.
Age: 34
Chief Compliance Officer; Assistant Treasurer; Treasurer (Matisse Discounted Closed-End Fund Strategy
Since 7/09, 4/10, and 5/12
Financial Reporting Manager for The Nottingham Company (fund administrator) since 2009; previously, principal of Lee Hale Contracting (marine industry consulting).
n/a
n/a
A. Vason Hamrick
Age: 35
Secretary
Since 7/09
Corporate Counsel for The Nottingham Company since 2004.
n/a
n/a
 
The Board met five times during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.  Each Trustee attended all of the Board meetings.
 
Board Structure.  The Trust’s Board of Trustees includes five independent Trustees, one of which, Mr. Speed, is Chairman of the Board of Trustees.  The Board has established several standing committees: the Audit Committee, Nominating Committee, Proxy Voting Committee, Governance Committee, and Qualified Legal Compliance Committee.  These standing committees are comprised entirely of the Independent Trustees.  Other information about these standing committees is set forth below.  The Board has determined that the Board’s structure is appropriate given the characteristics, size, and operations of the Trust.  The Board also believes that its leadership structure, including its committees, helps facilitate effective oversight of Trust management.  The Board reviews its structure annually.
 
 
21

 
With respect to risk oversight, the Board considers risk management issues as part of its general oversight responsibilities throughout the year.  The Board holds four regular board meetings each year during which the Board receives risk management reports and/or assessments from Trust management, the Fund’s advisor and sub-advisor, administrator, transfer agent, and distributor, and receives an annual report from the Trust’s Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”).  The Audit Committee also meets with the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm on an annual basis, to discuss among other things, the internal control structure of the Trust’s financial reporting function.  When appropriate, the Board may hold special meeting or communicate directly with Trust management, the CCO, the Trust’s third party service providers, legal counsel, or independent public accountants to address matters arising between regular board meeting or needing special attention.  In addition, the Board has adopted policies and procedures for the Trust to help detect and prevent and, if necessary, correct violations of federal securities laws
 
Qualification of Trustees.  The Board has considered each Trustee’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in light of the Board’s function and the Trust’s business and structure, and has determined that each Trustee possesses experience, qualifications, attributes, and skills that enable the Trustee to be an effective member of the Board.
 
Mr. Brinson has experience as an investor, including his role as trustee of several other investment companies and business experience as President of a company in the business of private investing.  Mr. Mosley has had business experience as an owner of a real estate company.  Mr. Pitt has experience as an investor, including his role as trustee of several other investment companies and business experience as Senior Partner of a financial consulting company, as a Partner of a real estate partnership and as an Account Administrator for a money management firm.  Mr. Speed also has experience as an investor as trustee of several other investment companies and business experience as President and CEO of an insurance company and as President of a company in the business of consulting and private investing.  Mr. Strandberg also has investment experience as a former trustee of another investment company and business experience as President of an insurance and property management company.
 
The Board has determined that each of the Trustees’ careers and background, combined with their interpersonal skills and general understanding of financial and other matters, enable the Trustees to effectively participate in and contribute to the Board’s functions and oversight of the Trust.
 
 
Trustee Standing Committees.  The Trustees have established the following standing committees:
 
Audit Committee.  All of the Independent Trustees are members of the Audit Committee.  The Audit Committee oversees the Fund’s accounting and financial reporting policies and practices, reviews the results of the annual audits of the Fund’s financial statements, and interacts with the Fund’s independent auditors on behalf of all the Trustees.  The Audit Committee operates pursuant to an Audit Committee Charter and meets periodically as necessary.  The Audit Committee met four times during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.
 
Governance Committee. The Independent Trustees are the current members of the Governance Committee.  The Governance Committee assists the Board of Trustees in adopting fund governance practices and meeting certain fund governance standards.  The Governance Committee operates pursuant to a Governance Committee Charter and normally meets annually, but may also meet as often as necessary to carry out its purpose.  The Governance Committee met once during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.
 
Nominating Committee.  All of the Independent Trustees are members of the Nominating Committee.  The Nominating Committee nominates, selects, and appoints independent trustees to fill vacancies on the Board of Trustees and to stand for election at meetings of the shareholders of the Trust.  The Nominating Committee meets only as necessary.  The Nominating Committee generally will not consider nominees recommended by shareholders of the Trust.  The Nominating Committee did not meet during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.
 
Proxy Voting Committee.  All of the Independent Trustees are members of the Proxy Voting Committee.  The Proxy Voting Committee will determine how the Fund should vote, if called upon by the Board or the Sub-Advisor, when a matter with respect to which the Fund is entitled to vote presents a conflict between the interests of the Fund’s shareholders, on the one hand, and those of the Fund’s Sub-Advisor, principal underwriter, or an affiliated person of the Fund, its investment advisor, investment sub-advisor, or principal underwriter, on the other hand.  The Proxy Voting Committee will also review the
 
 
22

 
Trust’s Proxy Voting Policy and recommend any changes to the Board as it deems necessary or advisable.  The Proxy Voting Committee will also decide if the Fund should participate in a class action settlement, if called upon by the Sub-Advisor, in cases where a class action settlement with respect to which the Fund is eligible to participate presents a conflict between the interests of the Fund’s shareholders, on the one hand, and those of the Sub-Advisor, on the other hand.  The Proxy Voting Committee meets only as necessary and did not meet during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.
 
Qualified Legal Compliance Committee.  The Independent Trustees are the current members of the Qualified Legal Compliance Committee.  The Qualified Legal Compliance Committee receives, investigates, and makes recommendations as to appropriate remedial action in connection with any report of evidence of a material violation of securities laws or breach of fiduciary duty or similar violation by the Trust, its officers, Trustees, or agents.  The Qualified Legal Compliance Committee meets only as necessary and did not meet during the twelve-month period ended September 30, 2012.
 
Beneficial Equity Ownership Information.  The table below shows for each Trustee, the amount of Fund equity securities beneficially owned by each Trustee, and the aggregate value of all investments in equity securities of the Fund complex, as of valuation date of December 31, 2012 and stated as one of the following ranges:  A = None; B = $1-$10,000; C = $10,001-$50,000; D = $50,001-$100,000; and E = over $100,000.
 
Name of
Trustee
Dollar Range of
Equity Securities in the
Fund
Aggregate Dollar Range of
Equity Securities in All
Registered Investment
Companies Overseen By Trustee
In Family of
Investment Companies*
Jack E. Brinson
A
A
Michael G. Mosley
A
A
Theo H. Pitt, Jr.
A
A
James H. Speed, Jr.
A
A
J. Buckley Strandberg
A
A
 
* Includes all the funds of the Trust managed by the Advisor.
 
Ownership of Securities of Advisor, Distributor, or Related Entities.  As of December 31, 2012, none of the Independent Trustees and/or their immediate family members own securities of the Advisor, Sub-Advisor, Distributor, or any entity controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the Advisor, Sub-Advisor, or Distributor.
 
Compensation.  Officers of the Trust and Trustees who are interested persons of the Trust, Advisor, or the Sub-Advisor will receive no salary or fees from the Trust.  Independent Trustees receive $2,000 per Fund each year.  The Trust reimburses each Trustee and officers of the Trust for his or her travel and other expenses relating to attendance at such meetings.  Because the Fund has not been in operation for a full year, the following table presents the estimated compensation for each Trustee for the first full fiscal year.
 
Name of Trustee
Aggregate
Compensation  
From the Fund
Pension or
Retirement Benefits
Accrued As Part of
Fund Expenses
Estimated Annual
Benefits Upon
Retirement
Total Compensation
From Fund and Fund
Complex Paid to
Trustees*
Jack E. Brinson
$2,000
None
None
$46,000
Michael G. Mosley
$2,000
None
None
$46,000
Theo H. Pitt, Jr.
$2,000
None
None
$46,000
James H. Speed, Jr.
$2,000
None
None
$46,000
J. Buckley Strandberg
$2,000
None
None
$46,000
 
*Each of the Trustees serves as a Trustee to all series of the Trust.
 
 
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Codes of Ethics.  The Trust, Advisor, and Sub-Advisor each have adopted a code of ethics, as required under Rule 17j-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940, which is designed to prevent affiliated persons of the Trust, Advisor, and Sub-Advisor from engaging in deceptive, manipulative, or fraudulent activities in connection with securities held or to be acquired by the Fund (which securities may also be held by persons subject to each such code of ethics).  There can be no assurance that the codes will be effective in preventing such activities.  The codes permit employees and officers of the Trust, Advisor, and Sub-Advisor to invest in securities, subject to certain restrictions and pre-approval requirements.  In addition, the codes of the Advisor and Sub-Advisor require that portfolio managers and other investment personnel report their personal securities transactions and holdings, which are reviewed for compliance with the respective code of ethics.
 
Anti-Money Laundering Program.  The Trust has adopted an anti-money laundering program, as required by applicable law, which is designed to prevent the Fund from being used for money laundering or the financing of terrorist activities.  The Trust’s Chief Compliance Officer is responsible for implementing and monitoring the operations and internal controls of the program.  Compliance officers at certain of the Fund’s service providers are also responsible for monitoring the program.  The anti-money laundering program is subject to the continuing oversight of the Trustees.
 
Proxy Voting Policies.  The Trust has adopted a proxy voting and disclosure policy that delegates to the Sub-Advisor the authority to vote proxies for the Fund, subject to oversight by the Trustees.  Copies of the Trust’s Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy and the Sub-Advisor’s Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures are included as Appendix B to this Statement of Additional Information.  No later than August 31st of each year, the Fund will file Form N-PX stating how the Fund voted proxies relating to portfolio securities during the most recent 12-month period ended June 30th.  Information regarding how the Fund voted proxies as set forth in its most recent filing of Form N-PX will be available (i) without charge, upon request, by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863; and (ii) on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
 
Principal Holders of Voting Securities.  As of December 31, 2012, the Trustees and officers of the Trust as a group owned beneficially (i.e., had direct or indirect voting and/or investment power) none of the then outstanding shares of each class of shares of the Fund. On that same date, the following shareholders owned of record more than 5% of the outstanding shares of each class of shares of the Fund.  Except as provided below, no person is known by the Trust to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the outstanding shares of a class of shares of the Fund as of  December 31, 2012.
 
Institutional Class Shares
 
Name and Address of
Beneficial Owner
Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership
Percent
None
   
 
Advisor Class Shares
 
Name and Address of
Beneficial Owner
Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership
Percent
None
   
 
Investment Advisor.  Information about CV Investment Advisors, LLC and its duties and compensation as Advisor is contained in the Fund’s prospectus.  The Advisor is controlled by CV Investments, LLC, managing member, and Brenda A. Smith, Chief Compliance Officer.  The Advisor supervises the Fund’s investments pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement.  The Investment Advisory Agreement is effective for an initial two-year period and will be renewed thereafter only so long as such renewal and continuance is specifically approved at least annually by the Trustees or by vote of a
 
 
24

 
majority of the Fund’s outstanding voting securities, provided the continuance is also approved by a majority of the Trustees who are not parties to the Investment Advisory Agreement or interested persons of any such party.  The Investment Advisory Agreement is terminable without penalty by the Trust on 60 calendar days’ written notice by the Trustees or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities or upon 60 calendar days’ written notice by the Advisor.  The Investment Advisory Agreement provides that it will terminate automatically in the event of its “assignment,” as such term is defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940.
 
The Advisor manages the Fund’s investments in accordance with the stated policies of the Fund, subject to the approval of the Trustees.  The Advisor is responsible for investment decisions, and provides the Fund with portfolio managers who are authorized by the Trustees to execute purchases and sales of securities.
 
Under the Investment Advisory Agreement, the Advisor is not liable for any error of judgment or mistake of law or for any loss suffered by the Fund in connection with the performance of such agreement, except a loss resulting from a breach of fiduciary duty with respect to the receipt of compensation for services; or a loss resulting from willful misfeasance, bad faith, or gross negligence on the part of the Advisor in the performance of its duties; or from its reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the Investment Advisory Agreement.
 
The Advisor will receive a monthly management fee equal to an annual rate of 1.00% of the Fund’s net assets.
 
Investment Sub-Advisor.  Information about ICC Capital Management, Inc. and its duties and compensation as Sub-Advisor is contained in the Fund’s prospectus.  The Sub-Advisor assists the Advisor in supervising the Fund’s investments pursuant to the Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement.  The Sub-Advisor is controlled by its parent company, ICC Capital, Inc.  The Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement is effective for an initial two-year period and will be renewed for a period of one year only so long as such renewal and continuance is specifically approved at least annually by the Trustees, provided the continuance is also approved by a majority of the Trustees who are neither parties to the Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement nor interested persons of any such party, or by vote of a majority of the Fund’s outstanding voting securities.  The Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement is terminable without penalty on 60-days’ notice by the Trustees, by the Advisor or Sub-Advisor, or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund.  The Sub-Advisory Agreement provides that it will terminate automatically in the event of its “assignment,” as such term is defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940.
 
Under the Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement, the Sub-Advisor is not liable for any error of judgment or mistake of law or for any loss suffered by the Fund in connection with the performance of the Investment Sub-Advisory Agreement, except: a loss resulting from a breach of fiduciary duty with respect to the receipt of compensation for services; a loss resulting from willful misfeasance, bad faith, or gross negligence on the part of the Sub-Advisor in the performance of its duties; or a loss resulting from the Sub-Advisor’s reckless disregard of its duties and obligations under the Agreement.
 
For its sub-advisory services to the Fund, the Sub-Advisor receives from the Advisor compensation based on the Fund’s average daily net assets at a maximum rate of 0.75%.  The fee may be less than the maximum under circumstances agreed upon by the Advisor and Sub-Advisor, based upon factors such as the Fund being in expense reimbursement status, shareholder retention, and new shareholder asset growth.  The Fund does not pay a direct fee to the Sub-Advisor.
 
Portfolio Managers.  The Fund’s portfolios will be managed on a day-to-day basis by a portfolio management team of G. Michael Mara, Michael Barron, Bart McMurry, and Robert Dombrower.  .
 
Compensation.  The compensation of the portfolio managers consists of a base salary and an incentive plan.  The portfolio managers receive benefits that consist of health care, dental insurance, disability insurance, life insurance, a 401k savings plan, and a tuition/education reimbursement program..
 
Ownership of Fund Shares.  The table below shows the amount of the Fund’s equity securities beneficially owned by each portfolio manager as of September 30, 2012 and stated as one of the following ranges: A = None; B = $1-$10,000; C = $10,001-$50,000; D = $50,001-$100,000; E = $100,001-$500,000; F = $500,001-$1,000,000; and G = over $1,000,000.
 
Name of
Portfolio Manager
Dollar Range of
Equity Securities in the Fund
G. Michael Mara
A
 
 
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Name of
Portfolio Manager
Dollar Range of
Equity Securities in the Fund
Michael Barron
A
Bart McMurry
A
Robert Dombrower
A
Other Accounts. In addition to the Fund, the portfolio managers are responsible for the day-to-day management of certain other accounts.  The table below shows the number of, and total assets in, such other accounts as of September 30, 2012.
 
Accounts
Registered Investment
Companies
Other Pooled Investment
Vehicles
Other Accounts
Number of Accounts
Total Assets
Number of Accounts
Total Assets
Number of Accounts
Total Assets
Portfolio Management Team (G. Michael Mara, Michael Barron, Bart McMurry, and Robert Dombrower
0
$0
0
$0
156
$706 million
Accounts with Performance-Based Advisory Fee
0
$0
0
$0
0
$0
 
Conflicts of Interests.  The portfolio manager’s management of “other accounts” may give rise to potential conflicts of interest in connection with their management of the Fund’s investments, on the one hand, and the investments of the other accounts, on the other.  The other accounts consist of separately managed private clients (“Other Accounts”).  The Other Accounts might have similar investment objectives as the Fund, be compared to the same index as the Fund, or otherwise hold, purchase, or sell securities that are eligible to be held, purchased, or sold by the Fund.
 
Knowledge of the Timing and Size of Fund Trades:  A potential conflict of interest may arise as a result of the portfolio manager’s day-to-day management of the Fund.  The portfolio manager knows the size and timing of trades for the Fund and the Other Accounts, and may be able to predict the market impact of Fund trades.  It is theoretically possible that the portfolio manager could use this information to the advantage of Other Accounts it manages and to the possible detriment of the Fund, or vice versa.
 
Investment Opportunities:  The Advisor provides investment supervisory services for a number of investment products that have varying investment guidelines.  The portfolio manager works across different investment products.  Differences in the compensation structures of the Advisor’s investment products may give rise to a conflict of interest by creating an incentive for the Advisor to allocate the investment opportunities it believes might be the most profitable to the client accounts where it might benefit the most from the investment gains.
 
 
Administrator.  The Trust has entered into the Fund Accounting and Administration Agreement with The Nottingham Company (“Administrator”), 116 South Franklin Street, Post Office Box 69, Rocky Mount, North 27804.  The Administrator assists the Trust in the performance of its administrative responsibilities to the Fund, coordinates and pays for the services of each vendor and the operating expense to the Fund, and provides the Fund with certain administrative, fund accounting, and compliance services.  As part of its services and consolidated fee arrangement, the Administrator receives compensation based on the Fund’s average daily net assets.  The annual rate is 0.50% if the average daily net assets are under $38 million and gradually decreases to an annual rate of 0.095% if the average daily net assets are $1.98 billion or more.  The fee paid to the Administrator is calculated by multiplying the average daily net assets of the Fund by the highest applicable annual rate.
 
In addition, the Advisor has entered into an Operating Plan with the Fund’s administrator, through [January 31, 2014], under which it has agreed to make payments to the Administrator when the Fund is at lower asset levels and assume certain expenses of the Fund in order to help limit the Fund’s operating expenses.  The Operating Plan may be terminated by either party at the conclusion of the then current term upon (i) written notice of non-renewal to the other party not less than sixty days prior to the end of the term, or (ii) mutual written agreement of the parties.  The Operating Plan can only be terminated
 
 
26

 
prior to the conclusion of the current term with the approval of the Fund’s Board of Trustees.  The Advisor cannot recoup from the Fund any amounts paid by the Advisor to the Administrator under the Operating Plan.  In part because of the Advisor’s obligations under the Operating Plan, the Trustees review the financial condition of the Advisor, including its stability and profitability, when considering the approval of the Operating Plan.
 
The Administrator pays all expenses not assumed by the Advisor, including, without limitation: the fees and expenses of its independent accountants and of its legal counsel; the costs of printing and mailing to shareholders annual and semi-annual reports, proxy statements, prospectuses, statements of additional information and supplements thereto; the costs of printing registration statements; bank transaction charges and custodian’s fees; any proxy solicitors’ fees and expenses; ongoing filing fees; any federal, state or local income or other taxes; any interest; any membership fees of the Investment Company Institute and similar organizations; fidelity bond and Trustees’ liability insurance premiums.  All of the Fund’s service providers, other than the Advisor, are paid by the Administrator.
 
The Administrator’s responsibilities include the following services for the Fund: (i) procures on behalf of the Trust, and coordinates with, the custodian and monitors the services it provides to the Fund; (ii) coordinates with and monitors any other third parties furnishing services to the Fund; (iii) provides the Fund with necessary office space, telephones, and other communications facilities and personnel competent to perform administrative and clerical functions for the Fund; (iv) assists or supervises the maintenance by third parties of such books and records of the Fund as may be required by applicable federal or state law; (v) assists or supervises the preparation by third parties of all federal, state, and local tax returns and reports of the Fund required by applicable law; (vi) assists in the preparation and, after approval by the Trust, files and arranges for the distribution of proxy materials and periodic reports to shareholders of the Fund as required by applicable law; (vii) assists in the preparation of and, after approval by the Trust, arranges for the filing of such registration statements and other documents with the Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal and state regulatory authorities as may be required by applicable law; (viii) reviews and submits to the officers of the Trust for their approval invoices or other requests for payment of Fund expenses and instructs the custodian to issue checks in payment thereof; and (ix) takes such other action with respect to the Fund as may be necessary in the opinion of the Administrator to perform its duties under the agreement.  The Administrator will also provide certain accounting and pricing services for the Fund.
 
Transfer Agent.  The Trust has entered into a Dividend Disbursing and Transfer Agent Agreement with Nottingham Shareholder Services, LLC (“Transfer Agent”), a North Carolina limited liability company, to serve as transfer, dividend paying, and shareholder servicing agent for the Fund.  For its services, the Transfer Agent is entitled to receive compensation from the Administrator pursuant to the Administrator’s fee arrangements with the Fund.  The address of the Transfer Agent is 116 South Franklin Street, Post Office Box 4365, Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27803-0365.
 
Distributor.  The Fund will conduct a continuous offering of their securities.  Capital Investment Group, Inc. (“Distributor”), Post Office Box 32249, Raleigh, North Carolina 27622, acts as the underwriter and distributor of the Fund’s shares for the purpose of facilitating the registration of shares of the Fund under state securities laws and assisting in sales of Fund shares pursuant to a distribution agreement (“Distribution Agreement”) approved by the Trustees.  In this regard, the Distributor has agreed at its own expense to qualify as a broker-dealer under all applicable federal or state laws in those states that the Fund shall from time to time identify to the Distributor as states in which the Fund wishes to offer its shares for sale, in order that state registrations may be maintained for the Fund.  The Distributor is a broker-dealer registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and a member in good standing of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.  The Distributor is entitled to receive an annual fee of $5,000 per Fund for performing certain recordkeeping, communication, and other administrative services for the Fund.  Such administrative services shall include, but are not limited to, the following: (i)
 
 
27

 
maintaining records with respect to submissions to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, dealer discounts and brokerage fees and commissions, and selling agreements; (ii) maintaining an account with the National Securities Clearing Corporation’s Fund/SERV System for the purpose of processing account registrations, maintaining accounts, and communicating transaction data; (iii) preparing reports for the Board of Trustees as shall be reasonably requested from time to time; and (iv) performing other services for the Trust as agreed to by the Distributor and the Trust from time to time.  The Distributor and Trust agree that the services described above are of an administrative nature and such services, as well as the fee provided in connection therewith, are not, nor are they intended to be, payment for marketing and/or distribution services related to, or the promotion of, the sale of the Fund’s shares.  The Distribution Agreement may be terminated by either party upon 60-days’ prior written notice to the other party and will terminate automatically in the event of its assignment.  The Distributor serves as exclusive agent for the distribution of the shares of the Fund.
 
Rule 12b-1 Plan.  The Trust has adopted a Distribution Plan pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940 for the Advisor Class Shares of the Fund (the “Plan”).  Pursuant to the Plan, the Fund is authorized to pay the Distributor a fee at an annual rate of 0.25% of average daily net assets of the Fund attributable to the Advisor Class Shares. The 0.25% fee is a service fee.  The fee is to be paid by the Fund monthly or at such other intervals as the Board shall determine. The fee shall be based upon the average daily net assets of the Fund attributable to the Advisor Class Shares during the preceding month, and shall be calculated and accrued daily. The Fund may pay fees to the Distributor at a lesser rate, as agreed upon by the Board of Trustees and the Distributor. The Plan authorizes payments to the Distributor as compensation for providing account maintenance services to Fund shareholders, including arranging for certain securities dealers or brokers, administrators and others to provide these services and paying compensation for these services.  The Plan compensates the Distributor regardless of its expenses. 
 
The services to be provided by recipients may include, but are not limited to, the following: assistance in the offering and sale of Advisor Class Shares of the Fund and in other aspects of the marketing of the shares to clients or prospective clients of the respective recipients; answering routine inquiries concerning the Fund; assisting in the establishment and maintenance of accounts or sub-accounts in the Fund and in processing purchase and redemption transactions; making the Fund’s investment plan and shareholder services available; and providing such other information and services to investors in Advisor Class Shares of the Fund as the Distributor or the Trust, on behalf of the Fund, may reasonably request. The distribution services shall also include any advertising and marketing services provided by or arranged by the Distributor with respect to the Fund.
 
The Distributor is required to provide a written report, at least quarterly to the Board of Trustees, specifying in reasonable detail the amounts expended pursuant to the Plan and the purposes for which such expenditures were made.  Further, the Distributor will inform the Board of any Rule 12b-1 fees to be paid by the Distributor to Recipients.
 
The initial term of the Plan is one year and will continue in effect from year to year thereafter, provided such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by a majority of the Board of Trustees and a majority of the Trustees who are not “interested persons” of the Trust and do not have a direct or indirect financial interest in the Plan (“Rule 12b-1 Trustees”) by votes cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on the Plan. The Plan may be terminated at any time by the Trust or the Fund by vote of a majority of the Rule 12b-1 Trustees or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting Advisor Class Shares of the Fund.
 
The Plan may not be amended to increase materially the amount of the Distributor’s compensation to be paid by the Fund, unless such amendment is approved by the vote of a majority of the outstanding voting Advisor Class Shares of the Fund (as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940). All material amendments must be approved by a majority of the Board of Trustees and a majority of the Rule 12b- 1 Trustees by votes cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on the Plan. During the term of the Plan, the selection and nomination of non-interested Trustees of the Trust will be committed to the discretion of current non-interested Trustees. The Distributor will preserve copies of the Plan, any related agreements, and all reports, for a period of not less than six years from the date of such document and for at least the first two years in an easily accessible place.
 
Any agreement related to the Plan will be in writing and provide that: (a) it may be terminated by the Trust or the Fund at any time upon sixty days’ written notice, without the payment of any penalty, by vote of a majority of the respective Rule 12b-1 Trustees, or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting Advisor Class Shares of the Fund; (b) it will automatically terminate in the event of its assignment (as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940); and (c) it will continue in effect for a period of more than one year from the date of its execution or adoption only so long as such continuance is specifically approved at least annually by a majority of the Board and a majority of the Rule 12b-1 Trustees by votes cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on such agreement.
 
 
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Custodian.  UMB Bank, n.a., with its principal place of business located in Kansas City, Missouri, serves as custodian for the Fund’s assets.  The custodian acts as the depository for the Fund, safekeeps its portfolio securities, collects all income and other payments with respect to portfolio securities, disburses monies at the Fund’s request, and maintains records in connection with its duties as custodian.  For its services, the custodian is entitled to receive a monthly fee from the Administrator based on the average net assets of the Fund plus additional out-of-pocket and transaction expenses as incurred by the Fund.  The Custodian’s compensation is subject to a minimum annual amount of $5,000 for the Fund.
 
Compliance Services Administrator.  The Trust has entered into a compliance services arrangement with Nottingham Compliance Services, LLC, 116 South Franklin Street, Post Office Box 69, Rocky Mount, North Carolina 27802-0069, in which Nottingham Compliance Services, an affiliate of the Administrator, will assist the Trust’s Chief Compliance Officer in preparing and updating the Trust’s compliance manual and in monitoring and testing compliance with the policies and procedures under the Trust’s compliance manual.  Fees paid to Nottingham Compliance Services for these compliance services are paid by the Administrator.
 
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.  The Trustees have selected the firm of BBD, LLP to serve as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund for the current fiscal year and to audit the annual financial statements of the Fund, and prepare the Fund’s federal, state, and excise tax returns.  The independent registered public accounting firm will audit the financial statements of the Fund at least once each year.  Shareholders will receive annual audited and semi-annual (unaudited) reports when published and written confirmation of all transactions in their account.  A copy of the most recent annual report will accompany the Statement of Additional Information whenever a shareholder or a prospective investor requests it.
 
Legal Counsel.  Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, PC serves as legal counsel to the Trust and the Fund.
 
ADDITIONAL PURCHASE AND REDEMPTION INFORMATION
 
Reference is made to “Purchasing Shares” and “Redeeming Shares” in the Fund’s prospectus for more information concerning how to purchase and redeem shares.  The following information supplements the information regarding share purchases and share redemptions in the Fund’s prospectus:
 
Purchases.  Shares of the Fund are offered and sold on a continuous basis and may be purchased through authorized investment dealers or directly by contacting the Distributor, or the Fund directly.  Selling dealers have the responsibility of transmitting orders promptly to the Fund.  The purchase price of shares of the Fund is based on the net asset value next determined after the order is received, subject to the order being received by the Fund in good form.  Net asset value is normally determined at the time regular trading closes on the NYSE on days the NYSE is open for regular trading, as described under “Net Asset Value.”  The net asset value per share of the Fund is not calculated on business holidays when the NYSE is closed.  An order received prior to the time regular trading closes on the NYSE will be executed at the price calculated on the date of receipt and an order received after the time regular trading closes on the NYSE will be executed at the price calculated as of that time on the next business day.
 
The Fund reserves the right in its sole discretion to (i) suspend the offering of its shares; (ii) reject purchase orders when in the judgment of management such rejection is in the best interest of the Fund and its shareholders; and (iii) reduce or waive the minimum for initial and subsequent investments under circumstances where certain economies can be achieved in sales of Fund shares.
 
Redemptions.  The Fund may suspend redemption privileges or postpone the date of payment (i) during any period that the NYSE is closed for other than customary weekend and holiday closings, or that trading on the NYSE is restricted as determined by the Securities and Exchange Commission; (ii) during any period when an emergency exists as defined by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission as a result of which it is not reasonably practicable for the Fund to dispose of securities owned by it, or to determine fairly the value of its assets; and (iii) for such other periods as the Securities and
 
 
29

 
Exchange Commission may permit.  The Fund may also suspend or postpone the recordation of the transfer of shares upon the occurrence of any of the foregoing conditions.  Any redemption may be more or less than the shareholder’s cost depending on the market value of the securities held by the Fund.  No charge is made by the Fund for redemptions other than the possible charge for wiring redemption proceeds.
 
Involuntary Redemptions.  In addition to the situations described in the Fund’s prospectus under “Redeeming Fund Shares,” the Fund may redeem shares involuntarily to reimburse the Fund for any loss sustained by reason of the failure of a shareholder to make full payment for shares purchased by the shareholder or to collect any charge relating to a transaction effected for the benefit of a shareholder which is applicable to Fund shares as provided in the Fund’s prospectus from time to time or to close a shareholder’s account if the Fund is unable to verify the shareholder’s identity.
 
Other Information.  If an investor realizes a gain on the redemption, the reinvestment will not affect the amount of any federal capital gains tax payable on the gain.  If an investor realizes a loss on the redemption, the reinvestment may cause some or all of the loss to be disallowed as a tax deduction, depending on the number of shares purchased by reinvestment and the period of time that has elapsed after the redemption, although for tax purposes, the amount disallowed is added to the cost of the shares acquired upon the reinvestment.
 
SPECIAL SHAREHOLDER SERVICES
 
The Fund offers the following special shareholder services:
 
Regular Account.  The regular account allows for voluntary investments to be made at any time.  Available to individuals, custodians, corporations, trusts, estates, corporate retirement plans, and others, investors are free to make additions to or withdrawals from their account.  When an investor makes an initial investment in the Fund, a shareholder account is opened in accordance with the investor’s registration instructions.  Each time there is a transaction in a shareholder account, such as an additional investment or the reinvestment of a dividend or distribution, the shareholder will receive a confirm­ation statement showing the current transaction and all prior transactions in the shareholder account during the calendar year to date, along with a summary of the status of the account as of the transaction date.  As stated in the Fund’s prospectus, share certificates are normally not issued.
 
Automatic Investment Plan. The automatic investment plan enables shareholders to make regular monthly or quarterly investments in shares through automatic charges to their checking account.  With shareholder authorization and bank approval, the Administrator will automatically charge the checking account for the amount specified ($100 minimum) which will be automatically invested in shares at the public offering price on or about the 21st day of the month.  The shareholder may change the amount of the investment or discontinue the plan at any time by writing to the Fund.
 
Systematic Withdrawal Plan.  Shareholders owning Fund shares of a particular class with a value of $25,000 or more may establish a systematic withdrawal plan (“Systematic Withdrawal Plan”).  A shareholder may receive monthly or quarterly payments, in amounts of not less than $100 per payment, by authorizing the Fund to redeem the necessary number of shares periodically (each month, or quarterly) in order to make the payments requested.  The Fund has the capability of electronically depositing the proceeds of the systematic withdrawal directly to the shareholders personal bank account ($5,000 minimum per bank wire).  Instructions for establishing this service are included in the Fund Shares Application or are available by calling the Fund.  If the shareholder prefers to receive his systematic withdrawal proceeds in cash, or if such proceeds are less than the $5,000 minimum for a bank wire, checks will be made payable to the designated recipient and mailed with­in seven days of the valuation date.  If the designated recipient is other than the registered shareholder, the signature of each shareholder must be guaranteed on the application (see “Redeeming Shares – Signature Guarantees” in the Fund’s prospectus).  A corporation (or partnership) must also submit a “Corporate Resolution” (or “Certification of Partnership”) indi­cat­ing the names, titles, and required number of signatures auth­orized to act on its behalf.  The application must be signed by a duly authori­zed officer and the corporate seal affixed.  No redemption fees are charged to shareholders under this plan.  Costs in conjunction with the administration of the plan are borne by the Fund.  Shareholders should be aware that such systematic withdrawals may deplete or use up entirely their initial investment and may result in real­ized long-term or short-term capital gains or losses.  The Systematic Withdrawal Plan may be terminated at any time by the Fund upon 60-days’ written notice or by a shareholder upon written notice to the Fund.  Applications and further details may be obtained by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863 or by writing to:
 
 
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CV Asset Allocation Fund
c/o Nottingham Shareholder Services
116 South Franklin Street
Post Office Box 4365
Rocky Mount, NC 27803-0365
 
Purchases In Kind.  The Fund may accept securities in lieu of payment for the purchase of shares in the Fund.  The acceptance of such securities is at the sole discretion of the Advisor based upon the suitability of the securities accepted for inclusion as a long-term investment of the Fund, the marketability of such securities, and other factors that the Advisor may deem appropriate.  If accepted, the securities will be valued using the same criteria and methods as described in “Purchase and Redemption Price – Determining the Fund’s Net Asset Value” in the Fund’s prospectus.
 
Redemptions In-Kind. The Fund does not intend, under normal circumstances, to redeem its securities by payment in kind.  It is possible, however, that conditions may arise in the future which would, in the opinion of the Trustees, make it undesirable for the Fund to pay for all redemptions in cash.  In such case the Trustees may authorize payment to be made in readily marketable portfolio securities of the Fund.  Securities delivered in payment of redemptions would be valued at the same value assigned to them in computing the net asset value per share.  Shareholders receiving them would incur brokerage costs when these securities are sold.  An irrevocable election has been filed under Rule 18f-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940, wherein the Fund committed to pay redemptions in cash, rather than in kind, to any shareholder of record of the Fund who redeems during any ninety day period, the lesser of (a) $250,000 or (b) one percent (1%) of the Fund’s net asset value at the beginning of such period.
 
Transfer of Registration.  To transfer shares to another owner, send a written request to the Fund at the address shown above.  Your request should include the following:  (i) the Fund name and existing account registration; (ii) signatures of the registered owners exactly as the signature appear on the account registration; (iii) the new account registration, address, social security or taxpayer identification number, and how dividends and capital gains are to be distributed; (iv) signature guarantees (See the Fund’s prospectus under the heading “Signature Guarantees”); and (v) any additional documents which are required for transfer by corporations, administrators, executors, trustees, guardians, etc.  If you have any questions about transferring shares, call or write the Fund.
 
Employees and Affiliates of the Fund.  The Fund has adopted initial investment minimums for the purpose of reducing the cost to the Fund (and consequently to the shareholders) of communicating with and servicing its shareholders.  At the discretion of the Advisor, the Fund may allow investments in the Fund with a reduced minimum initial investment from its Trustees, officers, and employees; the Advisor and certain parties related thereto; including clients of the Advisor or any sponsor, officer, committee member thereof, or the immediate family of any of them.  In addition, accounts having the same mailing address may be aggregated for purposes of the minimum investment if they consent in writing to sharing a single mailing of shareholder reports, proxy statements (but each such shareholder would receive his/her own proxy), and other Fund literature.
 
Dealers.  The Distributor, at its expense, may provide additional compensation in addition to dealer discounts and brokerage commissions to dealers in connection with sales of shares of the Fund.  Compensation may include financial assistance to dealers in connection with conferences, sales or training programs for their employees, seminars for the public, advertising campaigns regarding the Fund, and/or other dealer-sponsored special events.  In some instances, this compensation may be made available only to certain dealers whose representatives have sold or are expected to sell a significant amount of such shares.  Compensation may include payment for travel expenses, including lodging, incurred in connection with trips taken by invited registered representatives and members of their families to locations within or outside of the United States for meetings or seminars of a business nature.  Dealers may not use sales of the Fund shares to qualify for this compensation to the extent such may be prohibited by the laws of any state or the Financial Industries Regulatory Authority or any other self-regulatory agency.  None of the aforementioned compensation is paid directly by the Fund or its shareholders although the Distributor may use a portion of the payment it receives under the Plan to pay these expenses.
 
 
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NET ASSET VALUE
 
The net asset value and net asset value per share of the Fund normally is determined at the time regular trading closes on the NYSE (currently 4:00 p.m., New York time, Monday through Friday).  The Fund’s net asset value is not calculated on business holidays when the NYSE is closed.  The NYSE generally recognizes the following holidays:  New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, President’s Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.  Any other holiday recognized by the NYSE will be deemed a business holiday on which the net asset value of the Fund will not be calculated.
 
The net asset value per share of each class of shares of the Fund is calculated separately by adding the value of the Fund’s securities and other assets belonging to the Fund and attributable to a class of shares, subtracting the liabilities charged to the Fund and to the class of shares, and dividing the result by the number of outstanding shares of such class of shares.  “Assets belonging to” the Fund consist of the consideration received upon the issuance of shares of the Fund together with all net investment income, realized gains/losses and proceeds derived from the investment thereof, including any proceeds from the sale of such investments, any funds or payments derived from any reinvestment of such proceeds, and a portion of any general assets of the Trust not belonging to a particular series of shares.  Income, realized and unrealized capital gains and losses, and any expenses of the Fund not allocated to a particular class of shares will be allocated to each class on the basis of the net asset value of that class in relation to the net asset value of the Fund.  Assets belonging to the Fund are charged with the direct liabilities of the Fund and with a share of the general liabilities of the Trust, which are normally allocated in proportion to the number of or the relative net asset values of all of the Trust’s series at the time of allocation or in accordance with other allocation methods approved by the Trustees.  Certain expenses attributable to a particular class of shares (such as the distribution and service fees) will be charged against that class.  Certain other expenses attributable to a particular class of shares (such as registration fees, professional fees, and certain printing and postage expenses) may be charged against that class if such expenses are actually incurred in a different amount by that class or if the class receives services of a different kind or to a different degree than other classes, and the Trustees approve such allocation.  Subject to the provisions of the Trust Instrument, determinations by the Trustees as to the direct and allocable liabilities, and the allocable portion of any general assets, with respect to the Fund and the classes of the Fund are conclusive.
 
The pricing and valuation of portfolio securities is determined in good faith in accordance with procedures established by, and under the direction of, the Trustees.  Values are determined according to accepted accounting practices and all laws and regulations that apply.  Using methods approved by the Trustees, the assets of each Fund are valued as follows:
 
·  
Securities that are listed on a securities exchange are valued at the last quoted sales price at the time the valuation is made.  Price information on listed securities is taken from the exchange where the security is primarily traded by the Fund.
 
·  
Securities that are listed on an exchange and which are not traded on the valuation date are valued at the bid price.
 
·  
Unlisted securities for which market quotations are readily available are valued at the latest quoted sales price, if available, at the time of valuation, otherwise, at the latest quoted bid price.
 
·  
Temporary cash investments with maturities of 60 days or less will be valued at amortized cost, which approximates market value.
 
·  
Securities for which no current quotations are readily available are valued at fair value as determined in good faith using methods approved by the Trustees.  Securities may be valued on the basis of prices provided by a pricing service when such prices are believed to reflect the fair market value of such securities.
 
 
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ADDITIONAL TAX INFORMATION
 
The following summarizes certain additional tax considerations generally affecting the Fund and its shareholders that are not described in the Fund’s prospectus.  No attempt is made to present a detailed explanation of the tax treatment of the Fund or its shareholders or any particular category of shareholders.  The discussions here and in the Fund’s prospectus are not intended as a substitute for careful tax planning and are based on United States federal income tax laws that are in effect on the date hereof and which may be changed by legislative, judicial, or administrative action.  In addition, no attempt is made to address tax concerns applicable to an investor with a special tax status such as a financial institution, REIT, insurance company, regulated investment company, individual retirement account, other tax-exempt entity, dealer in securities or non-U.S. investor.  Furthermore, this discussion does not reflect possible application of the alternative minimum tax.  Unless otherwise noted, this discussion assumes the common shares are held by U.S. persons and that such shares are held as capital assets.  Investors are advised to consult their tax advisors with specific reference to their own tax situations.
 
The Fund, and any other series of the Trust, will be treated as a separate corporate entity under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (“Code”), and intends to qualify or remain qualified as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Code.  In order to so qualify, the Fund must elect to be a regulated investment company or have made such an election for a previous year and must satisfy certain requirements relating to the amount of distributions and source of its income for a taxable year.  At least 90% of the gross income of the Fund must be derived from dividends, interest, payments with respect to securities loans, gains from the sale or other disposition of stocks, securities, or foreign currencies, and other income derived with respect to the Fund’s business of investing in such stock, securities or currencies and net income derived from an interest in a qualified publicly traded partnership.  Any income derived by the Fund from a partnership (other than a qualified publicly traded partnership) or trust is treated as derived with respect to the Fund’s business of investing in stock, securities, or currencies only to the extent that such income is attributable to items of income that would have been qualifying income if realized by the Fund in the same manner as by the partnership or trust.
 
An investment company may not qualify as a regulated investment company for any taxable year unless it satisfies certain requirements with respect to the diversification of its investments at the close of each quarter of the taxable year.  In general, at least 50% of the value of its total assets must be represented by cash, cash items, government securities, securities of other regulated investment companies, and other securities which, with respect to any one issuer, do not represent more than 5% of the total assets of the Fund or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of such issuer.  In addition, not more than 25% of the value of the Fund’s total assets may be invested in (i) the securities (other than government securities or the securities of other regulated investment companies) of any one issuer; (ii) the securities of two or more issuers (other than securities of another regulated investment company) if the issuers are controlled by the Fund and they are, pursuant to Internal Revenue Service Regulations, engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses; or (iii) the securities of one or more publicly traded partnerships.  The Fund intends to satisfy all requirements on an ongoing basis for continued qualification as a regulated investment company.
 
The 2003 Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act reduced the federal tax rate on most dividends paid by U.S. corporations to individuals after December 31, 2002.  Through December 31, 2012, these qualifying corporate dividends are taxable at long-term capital gains tax rates.  Some, but not all, of the dividends paid by the Fund may be taxable at the reduced long-term capital gains tax rate for individual shareholders.  If the Fund designates a dividend as qualified dividend income, it generally will be taxable to individual shareholders at the long-term capital gains tax rate, provided certain holding period requirements are met.
 
Taxable dividends paid by the Fund to corporate shareholders will be taxed at corporate income tax rates.  Corporate shareholders may be entitled to a dividends received deduction (“DRD”) for a portion of the dividends paid and designated by the Fund as qualifying for the DRD.
 
If the Fund designates a dividend as a capital gains distribution, it generally will be taxable to shareholders as long-term capital gains, regardless of how long the shareholders have held their Fund shares or whether they received in cash or reinvested in additional shares.  All taxable dividends paid by the Fund other than those designated as qualified dividend income or capital gains distributions will be taxable as ordinary income to shareholders, whether received in cash or reinvested in additional shares.  To the extent the Fund engages in increased portfolio turnover, short-term capital gains may be realized, and any distribution resulting from such gains will be considered ordinary income for federal tax purposes.
 
 
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Shareholders who hold Fund shares in a tax-deferred account, such as a retirement plan, generally will not have to pay tax on Fund distributions until they receive distributions from their account.
 
The Fund, and any other series of the Trust, will designate (i) any dividend of qualified dividend income as qualified dividend income; (ii) any distribution of long-term capital gains as a capital gain dividend; and (iii) any dividend eligible for the corporate DRD as such in a written notice mailed to shareholders within 60 days after the close of the Fund’s taxable year.  Shareholders should note that, upon the sale or exchange of Fund shares, if such shares have not been held for at least six months, any loss on the sale or exchange of those shares will be treated as long-term capital loss to the extent of the capital gain dividends received with respect to the shares.
 
To the extent that a distribution from the Fund is taxable, it is generally included in a shareholder’s gross income for the taxable year in which the shareholder receives the distribution.  However, if the Fund declares a dividend in October, November, or December but pays it in January, it will be taxable to shareholders as if the dividend was received in the year it was declared.  Every year, each shareholder will receive a statement detailing the tax status of any Fund distributions for that year.
 
A 4% nondeductible excise tax is imposed on regulated investment companies that fail to currently distribute an amount equal to specified percentages of their ordinary taxable income and capital gain net income (excess of capital gains over capital losses).  The Fund intends to make sufficient distributions or deemed distributions of its ordinary taxable income and any capital gain net income prior to the end of each calendar year to avoid liability for this excise tax.
 
If for any taxable year the Fund does not qualify for the special federal income tax treatment afforded regulated investment companies, all of its taxable income will be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates (without any deduction for distributions to its shareholders) at the Fund level.  In such event, dividend distributions (whether or not derived from interest on tax-exempt securities) would be taxable as qualified dividends to individual shareholders in taxable years beginning on or before December 31, 2012, to the extent of the Fund’s current and accumulated earnings and profits, and would be eligible for the DRD for corporations, provided in each case that certain holding period and other requirements are met.
 
In general, a shareholder who sells or redeems shares will realize a capital gain or loss, which will be long-term or short-term, depending upon the shareholder’s holding period for the Fund shares.  An exchange of shares may be treated as a sale and any gain may be subject to tax.
 
The Fund will be required in certain cases to withhold and remit to the U.S. Treasury a percentage equal to the fourth lowest tax rate for unmarried individuals (presently 28%) of taxable dividends or of gross proceeds realized upon sale paid to shareholders who (i) have failed to provide a correct taxpayer identification number in the manner required; (ii) are subject to back-up withholding by the Internal Revenue Service for failure to include properly on their return payments of taxable interest or dividends; or (iii) have failed to certify to the Fund that they are not subject to backup withholding when required to do so.  Back-up withholding is not an additional tax.  Any amounts withheld from payments to you may be refunded or credited against your U.S. federal income tax liability, if any, provided that the required information is furnished to the Internal Revenue Service.
 
Depending upon the extent of the Fund’s activities in states and localities in which its offices are maintained, in which its agents or independent contractors are located, or in which it is otherwise deemed to be conducting business, the Fund may be subject to the tax laws of such states or localities.  In addition, in those states and localities that have income tax laws, the treatment of the Fund and its shareholders under such laws may differ from their treatment under federal income tax laws.
 
Dividends paid by the Fund to non-U.S. shareholders may be subject to U.S. withholding tax at the rate of 30% unless reduced by treaty (and the shareholder files a valid Internal Revenue Service Form W-8BEN, or other applicable form, with the Fund certifying foreign status and treaty eligibility) or the non-U.S. shareholder files an Internal Revenue Service Form W-8ECI, or other applicable form, with the Fund certifying that the investment to which the distribution relates is effectively connected to a United States trade or business of such non-U.S. shareholder (and, if certain tax treaties apply, is attributable to
 
 
34

 
a United States permanent establishment maintained by such non-U.S. shareholder).  The Fund may elect not to withhold the applicable withholding tax on any distribution representing a capital gain dividend to a non-U.S. shareholder.  Special rules may apply to non-U.S. shareholders with respect to the information reporting requirements and withholding taxes and non-U.S. shareholders should consult their tax advisors with respect to the application of such reporting requirements and withholding taxes.
 
The Fund will send shareholders information each year on the tax status of dividends and distributions.  A dividend or capital gains distribu­tion paid shortly after shares have been purchased, although in effect a return of investment, is subject to federal income taxa­tion.  Dividends from net investment income, along with capital gains, will be taxable to shareholders, whether received in cash or Fund shares and no matter how long the shareholder has held Fund shares, even if they reduce the net asset value of shares below the shareholder’s cost and thus, in effect, result in a return of a part of the shareholder’s investment.
 
DISCLOSURE OF PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS
 
The Trustees have adopted a policy that governs the disclosure of portfolio holdings.  This policy is intended to ensure that such disclosure is in the best interests of the shareholders of the Fund and to address possible conflicts of interest.  Under the Fund’s policy, the Fund generally will not disclose portfolio holdings to a third party unless such information is made available to the public.  The policy provides that the Fund may disclose non-public portfolio holdings information as required by law and under other limited circumstances that are set forth in more detail below.
 
The Fund will make available to the public a complete schedule of portfolio holdings, as reported on a fiscal quarter basis.  This information is generally available within 60 days of the Fund’s fiscal quarter end and will remain available until the next fiscal quarter’s portfolio holdings report becomes available.  You may obtain a copy of these quarterly portfolio holdings reports by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863.  The Fund will also file these quarterly portfolio holdings reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form N-CSR or Form N-Q, as applicable.  The Fund’s Form N-CSR and Form N-Q are available on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at http://www.sec.gov and may be reviewed and copied at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Public Reference Room in Washington, DC.  The first and third quarter portfolio holdings reports will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form N-Q and the second and fourth fiscal quarter portfolio holdings reports will be included with the semi-annual and annual financial statements, respectively, which are sent to shareholders and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form N-CSR.
 
To the extent that a Fund’s portfolio holdings have previously been disclosed publicly either through a filing made with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form N-CSR or Form N-Q, or by being posted to the Fund’s website, such holdings may also be disclosed to any third party that requests them.
 
Consistent with policies approved by the Board, the officers of the Fund will share non-public portfolio holdings information with the Fund’s service providers that require such information for legitimate business and Fund oversight purposes.  Recipients of non-public portfolio holdings information have a duty not to trade on that confidential information.   The Fund has not (and does not intend to) enter into any arrangement providing for the receipt of compensation or other consideration in exchange for the disclosure of non-public portfolio holdings information, other than the benefits that result to the Fund and its shareholders from providing such information, which include the publication of Fund ratings and rankings.
 
The Advisor and Sub-Advisor, as well as the custodian, fund accountant and administrator, and compliance services administrator, have full daily access to the Fund’s portfolio holdings.  These service providers are subject to obligations requiring them to keep non-public portfolio holdings information confidential.  In some, but not all, cases these confidentiality obligations are established by written agreements.  The Board of Trustees has concluded that the confidentiality obligations in place for these parties are adequate to safeguard the Fund from unauthorized disclosure of non-public portfolio holdings information.  In addition, the Advisor has a code of ethics that prohibits covered persons from disclosing or trading based on non-public portfolio holdings information.
 
 
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The Fund’s distributor, transfer agent, independent public accountants, and legal counsel have access to the Fund’s portfolio holdings on an ad hoc, as needed basis.  The distributor and transfer agent are subject to written agreements that establish confidentiality obligations with respect to the Fund’s portfolio holdings.  The independent public accountants and legal counsel are subject to professional obligations that require them to keep non-public portfolio holdings information confidential.  The Board of Trustees has concluded that the confidentiality obligations in place for these parties are adequate to safeguard the Fund from unauthorized disclosure of non-public portfolio holdings information.
 
V.G. Reed & Sons, PrintGrafix (a division of Sunbelt Graphic Systems, Inc.), Riverside Printing, Inc., and PrinterLink Communications Group, Inc. are financial printers the Fund may engage for, among other things, the printing and/or distribution of regulatory and compliance documents.  These service providers are subject to written agreements that establish confidentiality obligations with respect to the Fund’s portfolio holdings.
 
The Fund and its service providers may also provide non-public portfolio holdings information to appropriate regulatory agencies as required by applicable laws and regulations.
 
The Fund currently does not provide non-public portfolio holdings information to any other third parties.  In the future, the Advisor may establish ongoing arrangements with other third parties if the Advisor determines that the Fund has a legitimate business purpose for doing so, determines that the disclosure is in the shareholders' best interest, and the recipient is subject to a duty of confidentiality.  These parties could include, by way of example, financial data processing companies that provide automated data scanning and monitoring services for the Fund, research companies that allow the Advisor to perform attribution analysis for the Fund; and the Advisor’s proxy voting agent to assess and vote proxies on behalf of the Fund.  The Advisor is responsible for determining which other third parties have a legitimate business purpose for receiving the Fund’s portfolio holdings information.
 
The Fund’s policy regarding disclosure of portfolio holdings is subject to the continuing oversight and direction of the Trustees.  Oversight includes: (i) review and approval of the policy on disclosure of portfolio holdings as necessary, including review of the parties receiving non-public portfolio holdings information; (ii) periodic assessment of compliance in connection with a report from the Trust’s Chief Compliance Officer, (iii) receipt of reports on any conflicts of interest where disclosure of information about portfolio holdings may conflict or appear to conflict with the interests of the Fund’s investment advisor, investment sub-advisor, any principal underwriter for the Trust, or an affiliated person of the Trust, and (iv) receipt of reports on any known disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio holdings to unauthorized third parties.  The Fund and Advisor are obligated to report issues that arise under the policy on disclosure of portfolio holdings to the Chief Compliance Officer.  Material compliance matters are then reported to the Board of Trustees.
 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Because the Fund is newly organized, there is no financial information in this SAI.  You may request a copy of the Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports, once available, at no charge by calling the Fund at 1-800-773-3863.
 
 
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APPENDIX A –DESCRIPTION OF RATINGS
 
The Fund may acquire from time to time certain securities that meet the following minimum rating criteria (“Investment-Grade Debt Securities”) (or if not rated, of equivalent quality as determined by the Advisor).  The various ratings used by the nationally recognized securities rating services are described below.
 
A rating by a rating service represents the service’s opinion as to the credit quality of the security being rated.  However, the ratings are general and are not absolute standards of quality or guarantees as to the creditworthiness of an issuer.  Consequently, the Advisor believes that the quality of Investment-Grade Debt Securities in which the Fund may invest should be continuously reviewed and that individual analysts give different weightings to the various factors involved in credit analysis.  A rating is not a recommendation to purchase, sell, or hold a security, because it does not take into account market value or suitability for a particular investor.  When a security has received a rating from more than one service, each rating is evaluated independently.  Ratings are based on current information furnished by the issuer or obtained by the rating services from other sources that they consider reliable.  Ratings may be changed, suspended, or withdrawn as a result of changes in or unavailability of such information, or for other reasons.
 
Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services.  The following summarizes the highest four ratings used by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services (“S&P”), a division of McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., for bonds which are deemed to be Investment-Grade Debt Securities by the Advisor:
 
AAA – This is the highest rating assigned by S&P to a debt obligation and indicates an extremely strong capacity of the obligor to meet its financial commitment on the obligation.
 
AA – Debt rated AA differs from AAA issues only in a small degree.  The obligor’s capacity to meet its financial commitment on the obligation is very strong.
 
A – Debt rated A is somewhat more susceptible to the adverse effects of changes in circumstances and economic conditions than debt in higher-rated categories.  However, the obligor’s capacity to meet its financial commitment on the obligation is still strong.
 
BBB – Debt rated BBB exhibits adequate protection parameters.  However, adverse economic conditions or changing circumstances are more likely to lead to a weakened capacity of the obligor to meet its financial commitment on the obligation.
 
To provide more detailed indications of credit quality, the AA, A, and BBB ratings may be modified by the addition of a plus or minus sign to show relative standing within these major rating categories.
 
Bonds rated BB, B, CCC, CC, and C are not considered by the Advisor to be Investment-Grade Debt Securities and are regarded as having significant speculative characteristics.  BB indicates the lowest degree of speculation and C the highest degree of speculation.  While such bonds may have some quality and protective characteristics, these may be outweighed by large uncertainties or major risk exposures to adverse conditions.
 
Commercial paper rated A-1 by S&P indicates that the degree of safety regarding timely payment is strong.  Those issues determined to possess extremely strong safety characteristics are denoted A-1+.  Capacity for timely payment on commercial paper rated A-2 is satisfactory, but the relative degree of safety is not as high as for issues designated A-1.
 
The rating SP-1 is the highest rating assigned by S&P to short term notes and indicates strong capacity to pay principal and interest.  An issue determined to possess a very strong capacity to pay debt service is given a plus (+) designation.  The rating SP-2 indicates a satisfactory capacity to pay principal and interest, with some vulnerability to adverse financial and economic changes over the term of the notes.  The rating SP-3 indicates a speculative capacity to pay principal and interest.
 
 
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Moody’s Investor Service, Inc.  The following summarizes the highest four ratings used by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) for fixed-income obligations with an original maturity of one year or more, which are deemed to be Investment-Grade Securities by the Advisor:
 
Aaa – Bond obligations rated Aaa are judged to be of the highest quality, with minimal credit risk.
 
Aa – Bond obligations rated Aa are judged to be of high quality and are subject to very low credit risk.
 
A – Bond obligations rated A are considered upper-medium grade and are subject to low credit risk.
 
Baa – Bond obligations rated Baa are subject to moderate credit risk.  They are considered medium-grade and as such may possess certain speculative characteristics.
 
Obligations that are rated Ba, B, Caa, Ca, or C by Moody’s are not considered “Investment-Grade Debt Securities” by the Advisor.  Obligations rated Ba are judged to have speculative elements and are subject to substantial credit risk.  Obligations rated B are considered speculative and are subject to high credit risk.  Obligations rated Caa are judged to be of poor standing and are subject to very high credit risk.
 
Note: Moody’s appends numerical modifiers 1, 2, and 3 to each generic rating classification from Aa through Caa.  The modifier 1 indicates that the obligation ranks in the higher end of its generic rating category; the modifier 2 indicates a mid-range ranking; and the modifier 3 indicates a ranking in the lower end of that generic rating category.
 
Short-Term Ratings.
 
Moody’s short-term ratings are opinions of the ability of issuers to honor short-term financial obligations.  Ratings may be assigned to issuers, short-term programs, or individual short-term debt instruments.  Such obligations generally have an original maturity not exceeding thirteen months, unless explicitly noted.
 
Moody’s employs the following designations to indicate the relative repayment ability of rated issuers:
 
P-1 – Issuers (or supporting institutions) rated Prime-1 have a superior ability to repay short-term debt obligations.
 
P-2 – Issuers (or supporting institutions) rated Prime-2 have a strong ability to repay short-term debt obligations.
 
P-3 – Issuers (or supporting institutions) rated Prime-3 have an acceptable ability to repay short-term debt obligations.
 
NP – Issuers (or supporting institutions) rated Not Prime do not fall within any of the Prime rating categories.
 
Note: Canadian issuers rated P-1 or P-2 have their short-term ratings enhanced by the senior-most long-term rating of the issuer, its guarantor, or support-provider.
 
US Municipal Short-Term Debt And Demand Obligation Ratings.
 
Short-Term Debt Ratings.  There are three rating categories for short-term municipal obligations that are considered investment grade.  These ratings are designated as Municipal Investment Grade (MIG) and are divided into three levels – MIG 1 through MIG 3.  In addition, those short-term obligations that are of speculative quality are designated SG, or speculative grade.  MIG ratings expire at the maturity of the obligation.
 
 
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MIG 1 – This designation denotes superior credit quality.  Excellent protection is afforded by established cash flows, highly reliable liquidity support, or demonstrated broad-based access to the market for refinancing.
 
MIG 2 – This designation denotes strong credit quality.  Margins of protection are ample, although not as large as in the preceding group.
 
MIG 3 – This designation denotes acceptable credit quality.  Liquidity and cash-flow protection may be narrow, and market access for refinancing is likely to be less well-established.
 
SG – This designation denotes speculative-grade credit quality.  Debt instruments in this category may lack sufficient margins of protection.
 
Demand Obligation Ratings.  In the case of variable rate demand obligations (VRDOs), a two-component rating is assigned; a long or short-term debt rating and a demand obligation rating.  The first element represents Moody’s evaluation of the degree of risk associated with scheduled principal and interest payments.  The second element represents Moody’s evaluation of the degree of risk associated with the ability to receive purchase price upon demand (“demand feature”), using a variation of the MIG rating scale, the Variable Municipal Investment Grade or VMIG rating.
 
When either the long- or short-term aspect of a VRDO is not rated, that piece is designated NR, e.g., Aaa/NR or NR/VMIG 1.
 
VMIG rating expirations are a function of each issue’s specific structural or credit features.
 
VMIG 1 – This designation denotes superior credit quality.  Excellent protection is afforded by the superior short-term credit strength of the liquidity provider and structural and legal protections that ensure the timely payment of purchase price upon demand.
 
VMIG 2 – This designation denotes strong credit quality.  Good protection is afforded by the strong short-term credit strength of the liquidity provider and structural and legal protections that ensure the timely payment of purchase price upon demand.
 
VMIG 3 – This designation denotes acceptable credit quality.  Adequate protection is afforded by the satisfactory short-term credit strength of the liquidity provider and structural and legal protections that ensure the timely payment of purchase price upon demand.
 
SG – This designation denotes speculative-grade credit quality.  Demand features rated in this category may be supported by a liquidity provider that does not have an investment grade short-term rating or may lack the structural and/or legal protections necessary to ensure the timely payment of purchase price upon demand.
 
Fitch Ratings.  The following summarizes the highest four ratings used by Fitch, Inc. (“Fitch”):
 
Long-Term Ratings.
 
AAA – Highest credit quality.  The rating AAA denotes that the lowest expectation of credit risk.  They are assigned only in case of exceptionally strong capacity for timely payment of financial commitments.  This capacity is highly unlikely to be adversely affected by foreseeable events.
 
AA – Very high credit quality.  The rating AA denotes a very low expectation of credit risk.  They indicate very strong capacity for timely payment of financial commitments.  This capacity is not significantly vulnerable to foreseeable events.
 
 
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A – High credit quality.  The rating A denotes a low expectation of credit risk.  The capacity for timely payment of financial commitments is considered strong.  This capacity may, nevertheless, be more vulnerable to changes in circumstances or in economic conditions than is the case for higher rating.
 
BBB – Good credit quality.  The rating BBB indicates that there is currently a low expectation of credit risk.  The capacity for timely payment of financial commitments is considered adequate, but adverse changes in circumstances and in economic conditions are more likely to impair this capacity.  This is the lowest investment grade category.
 
Long-term securities rated below BBB by Fitch are not considered by the Advisor to be investment-grade securities.  Securities rated BB and B are regarded as speculative with regard to a possible credit risk developing.  BB is considered speculative and B is considered highly speculative.  Securities rated CCC, CC, and C are regarded as a high default risk.  A rating CC indicates that default of some kind appears probable, while a rating C signals imminent default.  Securities rated DDD, D, and D indicate a default has occurred.
 
Short-Term Ratings.
 
F1 – Highest credit quality.  The rating F1 indicates the strongest capacity for timely payment of financial commitments; may have an added (+) to denote any exceptionally strong credit feature.
 
F2 – Good credit quality.  The rating F2 indicates a satisfactory capacity for timely payment of financial commitment, but the margin of safety is not as great as in the case of the higher ratings.
 
F3 – Fair credit quality.  The rating F3 indicates the capacity for timely payment of financial commitments is adequate; however, near-term adverse changes could result in a reduction to non-investment grade.
 
B – Speculative.  The rating B indicates minimal capacity for timely payment of financial commitments, plus vulnerability to near-term adverse changes in financial and economic conditions.
 
Short-term rates B, C, and D by Fitch are considered by the Advisor to be below investment-grade securities.  Short-term securities rated B are considered speculative, securities rated C have a high default risk, and securities rated D denote actual or imminent payment default.
 
(+) or (-) suffixes may be appended to a rating to denote relative status within major rating categories.  Such suffixes are not added to long-term ratings “AAA” category, categories below “CCC”, or short-term ratings other than “F1”.  The suffix “NR” indicates that Fitch does not publicly rate the issuer or issue in question.
 

 
 
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APPENDIX B – PROXY VOTING POLICIES
 
The following proxy voting policies are provided:
 
(1)
The Trust’s Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy; and
 
(2)
The Advisor’s Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy, including a detailed description of the Advisor’s specific proxy voting guidelines.
 
(3)
The Sub-Advisor’s Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy, including a detailed description of the Sub-Advisor’s specific proxy voting guidelines.
 

 
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Trust’s Proxy Voting Disclosure Policy
 
The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted rules and forms under the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Investment Company Act of 1940 to require registered investment companies to provide disclosure about how they vote proxies for their portfolio securities.  Each series of shares of the Trust (individually and collectively referred to as the “Fund”) is required to disclose the policies and procedures used to determine how to vote proxies for portfolio securities.  The Fund is also required to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to make available to their shareholders the specific proxy votes cast for portfolio securities.  This policy is designed to ensure that the Fund complies with these requirements and otherwise fulfills its obligations with respect to proxy voting, disclosure, and recordkeeping.  The overall goal is to ensure that the Fund’s proxy voting is managed in an effort to act in the best interests of its shareholders.  While decisions about how to vote must be determined on a case-by-case basis, proxy voting decisions will be made considering these guidelines and following the procedures recited herein.
 
Specific Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures
 
A.General
 
The Board of Trustees believes that the voting of proxies is an important part of portfolio management as it represents an opportunity for shareholders to make their voices heard and to influence the direction of a company.  The Trust and Fund are committed to voting corporate proxies in the manner that best serves the interests of the Fund’s shareholders.  
 
B.Delegation to Fund’s Investment Advisor
 
The Board of Trustees believes that the Fund’s investment advisor is in the best position to make individual voting decisions for the Fund consistent with this policy.  Therefore, subject to the oversight of the Board of Trustees, the Fund’s investment advisor is delegated the following duties:
 
     1.  
To make the proxy voting decisions for the Fund; and
 
    2.  
To assist the Fund in disclosing the Fund’s proxy voting record as required by Rule 30b1-4 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, including providing the following information for each matter with respect to which the Fund was entitled to vote: (a) information identifying the matter voted on; (b) whether the matter was proposed by the issuer or by a security holder; (c) whether and how the Fund cast its vote; and (d) whether the Fund cast its vote for or against management.
 
The Board of Trustees, including a majority of the Independent Trustees, shall approve the Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy of the Fund’s investment advisor as it relates to the Fund.  The Board of Trustees shall also approve any material changes to such policy no later than six (6) months after adoption by the Fund’s investment advisor.
 
C.Conflicts
 
In cases where a matter with respect to which a Fund is entitled to vote presents a conflict between the interest of the Fund’s shareholders, on the one hand, and those of the Fund’s investment advisor, principal underwriter, or an affiliated person of the Fund, its investment advisor or principal underwriter, on the other hand, the Fund shall always vote in the best interest of the Fund’s shareholders.  For purposes of this Policy, a vote shall be considered in the best interest of the Fund’s shareholders (i) when a vote is cast consistent with a specific voting policy set forth in the Proxy Voting and Disclosure Policy of the Fund’s investment advisor, provided such specific voting policy was approved by the Board of Trustees, or (ii) when a vote is cast consistent with the decision of the Trust’s Proxy Voting Committee.  In addition, provided the Fund’s investment advisor is not affiliated with the Fund’s principal underwriter or an affiliated person of the principal underwriter and neither the Fund’s principal underwriter nor an affiliated person of the principal underwriter has influenced the advisor with respect to a matter to which the Fund is entitled to vote, a vote by the advisor shall not be considered a conflict between the Fund’s shareholders and the Fund’s principal underwriter or affiliated person of the principal underwriter.
 
 
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D.Other Investment Companies
 
To the extent the Fund invests in shares of other investment companies in accordance with the safe harbor provisions of Section 12(d)(1)(F) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Fund’s investment advisor shall vote proxies with respect to such investment company securities in the same proportion as the vote of all other holders of such securities.
 
Fund Disclosure
 
A.
Disclosure of Fund Policies and Procedures With Respect to Voting Proxies Relating to Portfolio Securities
 
The Fund shall disclose this policy, or a description of the policy, to its shareholders by including it as an appendix to its Statement of Additional Information on Form N-1A.  The Fund will also notify its shareholders in the Fund’s shareholder reports that a description of this policy is available upon request, without charge, by calling a specified toll-free telephone number.  The Fund will send this description of the policy within three business days of receipt of any shareholder request, by first-class mail, or other means designed to ensure equally prompt delivery.
 
 B.
Disclosure of the Fund’s Complete Proxy Voting Record
 
In accordance with Rule 30b1-4 of the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Fund will file Form N-PX with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than August 31 of each year, even if August 31 falls on a non-business day.  The Fund shall disclose to its shareholders on Form N-PX the Fund’s complete proxy voting record for the twelve-month period ended June 30.
 
The Fund shall disclose the following information on Form N-PX for each matter relating to a portfolio security considered at any shareholder meeting held during the period covered by the report and with respect to which to the Fund was entitled to vote:
 
 
(i)
The name of the issuer of the portfolio security;
 
(ii)
The exchange ticker symbol of the portfolio security (if available through reasonably practicable means);
 
(iii)
The Council on Uniform Security Identification Procedures (“CUSIP”) number for the portfolio security (if available through reasonably practicable means);
 
(iv)
The shareholder meeting date;
 
(v)
A brief identification of the matter voted on;
 
(vi)
Whether the matter was proposed by the issuer or by a security holder;
 
(vii)
Whether the Fund cast its vote on the matter;
 
(viii)
How the Fund cast its vote (e.g., for or against proposal, or abstain; for or withhold regarding election of directors); and
 
(ix)
Whether the Fund cast its vote for or against management.
 
The Fund shall make its proxy voting record available to shareholders either upon request or by making available an electronic version on or through the Fund’s website, if applicable.  If the Fund discloses its proxy voting record on or through its website, the Fund shall post the information disclosed in the Fund’s most recently filed report on Form N-PX on the website beginning the same day it files such information with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
The Fund shall also include a statement in its annual reports, semi-annual reports, and Statement of Additional Information that information regarding how the Fund voted proxies relating to portfolio securities during the most recent twelve-month period ended June 30 is available (i) without charge upon request, by calling a specified toll-free (or collect) telephone number, or (if applicable) on or through the Fund’s website at a specified internet address; and (ii) on the website of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  If the Fund discloses that its proxy voting record is available by calling a toll-free (or collect) telephone number, it shall send the information disclosed in the Fund’s most recently filed report on Form N-PX within three business days of receipt of a request for this information, by first-class mail or other means designed to ensure equally prompt delivery.
 
 
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Recordkeeping
 
The Trust shall keep the following records for a period of at least five years, the first two in an easily accessible place:
 
(i)  
A copy of this Policy;
(ii)  
Proxy statements received regarding the Fund’s securities;
(iii)  
Records of votes cast on behalf of the Fund; and
(iv)  
A record of each shareholder request for proxy voting information and the Fund’s response, including the date of the request, the name of the shareholder, and the date of the response.
 
The foregoing records may be kept as part of the records of the Fund’s investment advisor.
 
A Fund may rely on proxy statements filed on the SEC EDGAR system instead of keeping its own copies, and may rely on proxy statements and records of proxy votes cast by the Fund’s investment advisor that are maintained with a third party such as a proxy voting service, provided that an undertaking is obtained from the third party to provide a copy of the documents promptly upon request.
 
Proxy Voting Committee
 
A.  
General
 
The Trust’s Proxy Voting Committee shall be composed entirely of Independent Trustees and may be comprised of one or more such Independent Trustees as the Board of Trustees may, from time to time, decide.  The purpose of the Proxy Voting Committee shall be to determine how the Fund should cast its vote, if called upon by the Board of Trustees or the Fund’s investment advisor, when a matter with respect to which the Fund is entitled to vote presents a conflict between the interest of the Fund’s shareholders, on the one hand, and those of the Fund’s investment advisor, principal underwriter, or an affiliated person of the Fund, its investment advisor, or principal underwriter, on the other hand.
 
B.  
Powers and Methods of Operation
 
The Proxy Voting Committee shall have all the powers necessary to fulfill its purpose as set forth above and such other powers and perform such other duties as the Board of Trustees may, from time to time, grant or assign to the Proxy Voting Committee.  The Proxy Voting Committee shall meet at such times and places as the Proxy Voting Committee or the Board of Trustees may, from time to time, determine.  The act of a majority of the members of the Proxy Voting Committee in person, by telephone conference, or by consent in writing without a meeting shall be the act of the Proxy Voting Committee.  The Proxy Voting Committee shall have the authority to utilize Trust counsel at the expense of the Trust if necessary.  The Proxy Voting Committee shall prepare minutes of each meeting and keep such minutes with the Trust’s records.  The Proxy Voting Committee shall review this Policy and recommend any changes to the Board of Trustees as it deems necessary or advisable.
 
Other
 
This policy may be amended, from time to time, as determined by the Board of Trustees.
 

 
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 CV Investment Advisors, LLC
Proxy Voting/Class Action Lawsuits
 
Policy
 
CV does not vote proxies for separately managed account clients and has no obligation to determine if securities held by the client are subject to a pending or resolved class action lawsuit. It also has no duty to evaluate a client’s eligibility or to submit a claim to participate in the proceeds of a securities class action settlement or verdict. Furthermore, CV has no obligation or responsibility to initiate litigation to recover damages on behalf of clients who may have been injured because of actions, misconduct, or negligence by corporate management of issuers whose securities are held by clients.
 
CV will vote proxies/participate in class actions for securities held by the Fund in accordance with the policy below. CV will determine how to vote proxies based on CV's reasonable judgment of that vote or act most likely to produce favorable financial results for its clients. Proxy votes generally will be cast in favor of proposals that maintain or strengthen the shared interests of shareholders and management, increase shareholder value, maintain or increase shareholder influence over the issuer's board of directors and management, and maintain or increase the rights of shareholders; proxy votes generally will be cast against proposals having the opposite effect.  However, we will consider both sides of each proxy issue.  Consistent with the Company’s paramount commitment to the financial investment goals of our clients, social considerations will not be considered absent contrary instructions by a client.
 
Responsibility
 
The CCO has the responsibility for the implementation and monitoring of our proxy/class action policy and to ensure that the firm does accept and/or exercise any proxy voting/class action authority on behalf of separately managed clients.
 
Procedure
 
The firm’s procedure is:
 
•  
CV generally does not receive proxies or notifications of class action lawsuits on behalf of its separately managed account clients.  To the extent such materials are received directly by CV, CV shall forward such materials to the client. For the Fund, CV has been given authority to vote proxies or join class action lawsuits. CV believes that each proxy proposal should be individually reviewed to determine whether the proposal is in the best interests of the Fund.  As a result, similar proposals for different companies may receive different votes because of different corporate circumstances. Upon receipt of a corporate proxy by the Company, the special or annual report and the proxy are submitted to the Proxy Manager.  The Proxy Manager will then vote the proxy in accordance with this policy. CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party provider, such as a proxy voting service.
 
•  
The Proxy Manager shall be responsible for reviewing the special or annual report, proxy proposals, and proxy proposal summaries.  The reviewer shall take into consideration what vote is in the best interests of the client and the provisions of the Company’s Voting Guidelines in Section 2 below.  The Proxy Manager will then vote the proxies. CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party provider, such as a proxy voting service.
 
•  
The Proxy Manager shall be responsible for maintaining copies of each annual report, proposal, proposal summary, actual vote, and any other information required to be maintained for a proxy vote under Rule 204-2 of the Advisers Act (see discussion in Section 3 below).  With respect to proxy votes on topics deemed, in the opinion of the Proxy Manager, to be controversial or particularly sensitive, the Proxy Manager will provide a written explanation for the proxy vote, which will be maintained with the record of the actual vote in the Company’s files.
 
 
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•  
While CV's policy is to review each proxy proposal on its individual merits, CV has adopted guidelines for certain types of matters to assist the Proxy Manager in the review and voting of proxies.  CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party provider, such as a proxy voting service
 
These guidelines are set forth below:These guidelines are set forth below:
 
A.  
Corporate Governance
 
1.  
Election of Directors and Similar Matters
 
In an uncontested election, CV will generally vote in favor of management’s proposed directors.  In a contested election, CV will evaluate proposed directors on a case-by-case basis.  With respect to proposals regarding the structure of a company’s Board of Directors, CV will review any contested proposal on its merits.
 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to support proposals to:
 
a.  
Expand directors’ liability and limit directors’ indemnification rights
 
b.  
Generally vote against proposals to Adopt or continue the use of a classified Board structure; and
 
c.  
Add special interest directors to the board of directors (e.g., efforts to expand the board of directors to control the outcome of a particular issue)
 
2.  
Audit Committee Approvals
 
CV generally supports proposals that help ensure that a company’s auditors are independent and capable of delivering a fair and accurate opinion of a company’s finances.  CV will generally vote to ratify management’s recommendation and selection of auditors.
 
3.  
Shareholder Rights
 
CV may consider all proposals that will have a material effect on shareholder rights on a case by case basis.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to generally support proposals to:
 
a.  
Adopt confidential voting and independent tabulation of voting results; and
 
b.  
Require shareholder approval of “poison pills;”
 
And expects to generally vote against proposals to:
 
a.  
Adopt super-majority voting requirements; and
 
b.  
Restrict the rights of shareholders to call special meetings, to amend the bylaws, or to act by written consent.
 
 
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4.  
Anti-Takeover Measures, Corporate Restructurings and Similar Matters
 
CV may review any proposal to adopt an anti-takeover measure, to undergo a corporate restructuring (e.g., change of entity form or state of incorporation, mergers, or acquisitions) or to take similar action by reviewing the potential short and long-term effects of the proposal on CV.  These effects may include, without limitation, the economic and financial impact the proposal may have on the company, and the market impact that the proposal may have on the company’s stock.
 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to generally support proposals to:
 
a.  
Prohibit the payment of greenmail (i.e., the purchase by the company of its own shares to prevent a hostile takeover);
 
b.  
Adopt fair price requirements (i.e., requirements that all shareholders be paid the same price in a tender offer or takeover context), unless the Proxy Manager deems them sufficiently limited in scope; and
 
c.  
Require shareholder approval of “poison pills.”
 
And expects to generally vote against proposals to:
 
d.  
Adopt classified boards of directors;
 
e.  
Reincorporate a company where the primary purpose appears to the Proxy Manager to be the creation of takeover defenses; and
 
f.  
Require a company to consider the non-financial effects of mergers or acquisitions.
 
5.  
Capital Structure Proposals
 
CV will seek to evaluate capital structure proposals on their own merits on a case-by-case basis.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to generally support proposals to:
 
a.  
Eliminate preemptive rights.
 
B.  
Compensation
 
1.  
General
 
CV generally supports proposals that encourage the disclosure of a company’s compensation policies.  In addition, CV generally supports proposals that fairly compensate executives, particularly those proposals that link executive compensation to performance.  CV may consider any contested proposal related to a company’s compensation policies on a case-by-case basis.
 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to generally support proposals to:
 
a.  
Require shareholders approval of “golden parachutes;” and
 
b.  
Adopt “golden parachutes” that do not exceed 1 to 3 times the base compensation of the applicable executives.
 
 
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And expects to generally vote against proposals to:
 
c.  
Adopt measures that appear to the Proxy Manager to arbitrarily determine executive or employee benefits.
 
2.  
Stock Option Plans and Share Issuances
 
CV evaluates proposed stock option plans and share issuances on a case-by-case basis.  In reviewing proposals regarding stock option plans and issuances, CV may consider, without limitation, the potential dilutive effect on shareholders and the potential short and long-term economic effects on CV. The Company believes that stock option plans do not necessarily align the interest of executives and outside directors with those of shareholders and that well thought out cash compensation plans can achieve these objectives without diluting shareholders ownership. Therefore, the Company generally will vote against stock option plans. However, these proposals will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis to determine that shareholders interests are being represented. CV is in favor of management, directors, and employees owning stock, but prefers that the shares be purchased in the open market.
 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, CV expects to generally vote against proposals to:
 
a.  
Establish or continue stock option plans and share issuances that are not in the best interest of the shareholders.
 
C.  
Corporate Responsibility and Social Issues
 
CV generally believes that ordinary business matters (including, without limitation, positions on corporate responsibility and social issues) are primarily the responsibility of a company’s management that should be addressed solely by the company’s management.  These types of proposals, often initiated by shareholders, may request that the company disclose or amend certain business practices.
 
CV will generally vote against proposals involving corporate responsibility and social issues, although CV may vote for corporate responsibility and social issue proposals that CV believes will have substantial positive economic or other effects on a company or CV’s stock.
 
D.  
Record-Keeping Requirements Pertaining to Proxy Voting.
 
Rule 204-2, requires that the following proxy voting records be maintained. The CCO shall be responsible for maintaining these records relating to proxy voting. CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party service to provide these records
 
1.  
Copies of all policies and procedures required by Rule 206(4)-6.
 
2.  
A copy of each proxy statement that CV receives regarding a client’s securities. CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party provider, such as a proxy voting service, or the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval (EDGAR) system.
 
3.  
A record of each vote cast by the investment CV on behalf of a client. CV may satisfy this requirement by relying on a third-party service to provide these records. The third party must be capable of providing documents promptly upon request.
 
 
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4.  
A copy of any document created by CV that was material in making a decision on how to vote proxies on a client’s behalf or that articulates the basis for that decision.
 
5.  
A copy of each written client request for information on how CV voted proxies on his or her behalf, as well as a copy of any written response by the investment CV to any written or oral client request for information.
 
E.  
Conflicts of Interest Pertaining to Proxy Voting
 
Conflicts of interest between CV or a principal of CV and CV’s clients in respect of a proxy issue conceivably may arise, for example, from personal or professional relationships with a company or with the directors, candidates for director, or senior executives of a company that is the issuer of client securities.
 
If the CCO determines that a material conflict of interest exists, the following procedures shall be followed:
 
1.  
CV may disclose the existence and nature of the conflict to the client(s) owning the securities, and seek directions on how to vote the proxies;
 
2.  
CV may abstain from voting, particularly if there are conflicting client interests (for example, where client accounts hold multiple client securities in a competitive merger situation); or
 
3.  
CV may follow the recommendations of an independent proxy voting service in voting the proxies.
 
CV keeps certain records required by applicable law in connection with its proxy voting activities for clients and shall provide proxy-voting information to clients upon their written or oral request.  A copy of CV’s proxy-voting policies shall be made available to clients upon request.
 
•  
Class Action Litigation
 
From time to time, securities held in the accounts of clients may be the subject of class action lawsuits brought by plaintiff attorneys on various grounds. These class action lawsuits will sometimes result in settlements or verdicts in which all shareholders are eligible to participate.
 
Where CV has disclaimed its responsibility (in Form ADV, Part 2A and client contracts) to evaluate a client’s eligibility or submit a claim to participate in the proceeds of a securities class action settlement or verdict, affecting securities owned by a client, it must follow the notification procedures established below.
 
Where CV has undertaken the obligation to evaluate the client’s eligibility to participate in the proceeds of a securities class action settlement or verdict and determine whether to submit a claim, CV will inform the client of the action, inform the client that he or she may opt in or opt out of the lawsuit, advise the client that CV cannot render legal services, advise the client to consult with an attorney, and advise the client that the failure to do so may negatively affect his or her rights.  CV will take any actions as instructed by the client’s attorney or the client and in the absence of any such instructions, CV shall take any actions (other than those which would be required to be performed by an attorney) which in its sole discretion is determined to be in the best interests of its clients.
 
 
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Notification Procedures Re: Securities Class Action Lawsuits
 
Where CV receives written or electronic notice of a securities class action lawsuit, settlement or verdict, the notification procedure is as follows:
 
4.  
All notices, proof of claim forms, and other materials will be forwarded upon receipt to the CCO, or a person designated by the CCO.
 
5.  
The CCO, or the designated person, will log in the notices, proof of claim forms, and other materials.
 
6.  
The CCO, or the designated person, will forward all documentation and proof of claim forms received to the client. Electronic mail is acceptable where appropriate, if the client has authorized contact in this manner.
 
•  
CV will retain records of these notifications in accordance with Rule 204-2 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940
 
•  
The CEO or CCO reviews and signs all advisory agreements which specifically defines CV 's authority regarding proxy voting and advice on class action lawsuits.
 
•  
The CCO also completes a monthly checklist certifying that this procedure has been implemented.
 
 
 
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ICC Capital Management, Inc.
Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures


A.  
Policy

In the absence of written direction otherwise stated, ICC has a fiduciary obligation to its clients to vote their proxies. Having this fiduciary obligation and discretionary authority over the proxies, ICC will vote proxies in the best interests of its clients and in accordance with these policies and procedures.

B.  
Proxy Voting Procedures (8/6/2003)

ICC has hired a third party proxy voting service (“Proxy Service”) to ensure that all votes are cast and that they are voted in a manner consistent with the desires of its clients.

1.  
When a new client retains the services of ICC, the CCO will work with the client, custodian and the Proxy Service to set up the client for voting.

 
2.
The CCO will send a letter to the custodian directing them to forward all proxies to the Proxy Service. In the event that proxies are sent to ICC, the CCO will forward them to the Proxy Service until the custodian has finalized their internal procedures for sending the proxies to the Proxy Service.

 
a.
Included in this letter from the CCO will be:

Account Name (Client Name)
ICC client code
Account number
Contact name and number at third-party-company

 
3.
For existing clients, the CCO, on an annual basis or as often as needed, will work with the custodian and third party to make any necessary change to the clients account.

 
4.
On an annual basis, or as often as needed, the CCO will work with the Proxy Service in updating any changes that need to be made to the proxy voting guidelines.

 
5.
In the absence of specific voting guidelines provided to ICC by any client, ICC will provide to the client a sample of its proxy voting guidelines and seek the client’s approval as to the direction that is taken in these guidelines.

 
6.
On a monthly basis, the CCO or a person designated by the CCO will forward to the Proxy Service a list of all equity securities that are held by ICC. This list is generated by using Advent.

 
7.
The CCO or a person designated by the CCO will be responsible for monitoring the Proxy Service to assure that all proxies are being voted and appropriate records are being retained.

 
8.
On a quarterly basis, the Proxy Service will supply to ICC a complete list of all votes that were cast. The CCO or a designee will review the votes and insure they meet the client’s guidelines. The Proxy service will provide an Excel spreadsheet that breaks down all the votes cast.

 
9.
On a quarterly basis, the CCO will forward a copy of all votes cast to the employee responsible for generating the quarterly client reports. This person will place a copy of the votes in all clients’ reports that desire them. If at any time a client would like additional copies of the votes, they may contact the CCO.

 
10.
On an annual basis, or as requested by a client, the CCO will offer to clients an updated proxy voting guidelines statement and the proxy votes that were cast for the previous year.

 
51

 
C.  
Voting Guidelines

In the absence of specific voting guidelines from the client, ICC will always vote the proxies following the guidelines set forth by the AFL-CIO and in the best interest of its clients. If a client has specific guidelines that are different from that which is used the client shall forward them to the CCO for review and distribution to the Proxy Service. There may be instances where a different voting result may take place for a similar issuer.

D.  
Conflicts of Interest

 
1.
By using a third party to vote proxies and having pre-determined proxy voting guidelines, there should not be any conflict of interest when the votes are cast. However, ICC may from time to time assist its clients in developing their proxy voting guidelines. So as a matter of procedure, the CCO will review and identify any potential conflicts that may exist.

 
2.
If a material conflict exists, ICC will determine whether voting in accordance with the voting guidelines is in the best interest of the client(s). ICC will also disclose all conflicts of interest to its clients and will allow the client the opportunity to vote the proxies themselves.

E.  
Disclosure

 
1.
On a quarterly basis, ICC will disclose to the clients that desire a complete list of votes that occurred during the previous quarter. This report will be included in the client’s quarterly summary report.

 
2.
ICC will also disclose in its form ADV Part II that clients may contact the CCO in order to obtain how ICC voted such client’s proxies, and to request a copy of these policies and procedures.

 
3.
On an annual basis, the CCO will prepare a written statement giving clients an opportunity to receive a copy of the Proxy Voting Guidelines, a yearly summary of all votes cast and these procedures.

F.  
Record Keeping

 
1.
The CCO will maintain files relating to ICC’s proxy voting procedures. Records will be maintained and preserved for five years from the end of the fiscal year during which the last entry was made on a record, with records for the first two years kept in the offices of ICC. Records of the following will be included in the files:

 
a.
Copies of the Proxy Voting Guidelines, polices and procedures, and any amendments thereto.

 
b.
ICC has retained a Proxy Service to receive and vote proxies. The Proxy Service shall retain a copy of the proxy statements and will provide ICC a copy of the proxy statements upon request.

 
c.
A record of each vote casts.

 
d.
A copy of each written client request for information on how ICC voted and a copy of any response to any (written or oral) client request.

 
e.
A copy of any documents prepared by ICC that were material to making a decision how to vote, or that memorialized the basis for the decision.
 
 
 
 
 
52

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines
 


January 2012

 

 


 
 



Institutional Shareholder Services Inc.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
  PROXY VOTING POLICY STATEMENT AND GUIDELINES
6
     
  DIRECTOR ELECTIONS
7
 
Voting on Director Nominees in Uncontested Elections
7
   
Board Independence
8
   
Board Competence
8
   
Board Accountability
8
   
Board Responsiveness
10
 
Voting for Director Nominees in Contested Elections
10
 
Independent Directors
11
 
Non-Independent Chairman
11
 
Excessive Directorships
12
 
Director Performance Evaluation
12
 
Director Diversity
13
 
Stock Ownership Requirements
13
 
Classified Boards ~ Annual Elections
13
 
Board and Committee Size
14
 
Limit Term of Office
14
 
Cumulative Voting
15
 
Failure to Act on Shareholder Proposals Receiving Majority Support
15
 
Votes Against or Withholds from Directors for Shareholder Rights Plan (i.e. Poison Pills)
16
 
Shareholder Access to the Proxy
17
 
Majority Threshold Voting Requirement for Director Elections
17
 
CEO Succession Planning
18
 
Establish an Office of the Board
18
 
Director and Officer Liability Protection
18
 
Director and Officer Indemnification
18
   
  COMPENSATION
19
 
Evaluation of Executive Pay
19
 
Pay-For-Performance Alignment
21
 
Problematic Compensation Practices
22
 
Board Communications and Responsiveness
24
 
Advisory Votes on Executive Compensation – Management Say-on-Pay Proposals
25
 
Frequency of Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation – Management Say on Pay
26
 
Advisory Vote on Golden Parachutes in an Acquisition, Merger, Consolidation, or Proposed Sale
26
 
Methodology for Analyzing Pay Plans
27
 
Stock Option Plans
28
 
Voting Power Dilution (VPD) Calculation
28
 
Fair Market Value, Dilution and Repricing
29
 
Burn Rate
29
 
Executive Concentration Ratio
29
 
Evergreen Provisions
29
 
Option Exchange Programs/Repricing Options
29
 
Restricted Stock
30
 
Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPPs)
30
 
Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs)
31
 
OBRA-Related Compensation Proposals
31
 
Golden and Tin Parachutes
32
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines
 
 
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Shareholder Proposals on Compensation
33
 
Disclosure of Executive and Director Pay
33
 
Limit Executive and Director Pay
33
 
Executive Perks and Retirement/Death Benefits
33
 
Executive Holding Periods
33
 
Pay for Superior Performance
34
 
Performance-Based Options
34
 
Tax Gross-up Proposals
34
 
Advisory Vote on Executive Compensation (Say-on-Pay) Shareholder Proposals
34
 
Compensation Consultants - Disclosure of Board or Company’s Utilization
34
 
Adopt Anti-Hedging/Pledging/Speculative Investments Policy
34
 
Bonus Banking/Bonus Banking “Plus”
35
 
Termination of Employment Prior to Severance Payment and Eliminating Accelerated Vesting of Unvested Equity
35
 
Recoup Bonuses
35
 
Link Compensation to Non-Financial Factors
35
 
Pension Plan Income Accounting
35
     
  AUDITORS
36
 
Auditor Independence
36
 
Auditor Ratification
36
 
Auditor Rotation
37
 
Auditor Indemnification and Limitation of Liability
37
 
Disclosures Under Section 404 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act
38
 
Adverse Opinions
38
     
  TAKEOVER DEFENSES
39
 
Poison Pills
39
 
Net Operating Loss (NOL) Poison Pills/Protective Amendments
39
 
Greenmail
40
 
Shareholder Ability to Remove Directors/Fill Vacancies
40
 
Shareholder Ability to Alter the Size of the Board
41
     
  SHAREHOLDER RIGHTS
42
 
Confidential Voting
42
 
Shareholder Ability to Call Special Meetings
42
 
Shareholder Ability to Act by Written Consent
42
 
Unequal Voting Rights
42
 
Supermajority Shareholder Vote Requirement to Amend the Charter or Bylaws
43
 
Supermajority Shareholder Vote Requirement to Approve Mergers
43
 
Reimbursing Proxy Solicitation Expenses
44
 
Exclusive Venue
44
 
Bundled Proposals
44
     
  MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS / CORPORATE RESTRUCTURINGS
45
 
Fair Price Provisions
45
 
Appraisal Rights
46
 
Corporate Restructuring
46
 
Spin-offs
46
 
Asset Sales
46
 
Liquidations
46
 
Going Private Transactions (LBOs, Minority Squeezeouts)
46
 
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines
 
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Changing Corporate Name
47
 
Plans of Reorganization (Bankruptcy)
47
  CAPITAL STRUCTURE
48
 
Common Stock Authorization
48
 
Reverse Stock Splits
48
 
Preferred Stock Authorization
49
 
Adjust Par Value of Common Stock
49
 
Preemptive Rights
50
 
Debt Restructuring
50
  STATE OF INCORPORATION
51
 
Voting on State Takeover Statutes
51
 
Reincorporation Proposals
51
 
Offshore Reincorporations and Tax Havens
51
 
 CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY & ACCOUNTABILITY
 
53
 
 I.
 GENERAL CSR RELATED
54
 
Special Policy Review and Shareholder Advisory Committees
54
 
International Financial Related
54
 
Affirm Political Non-Partisanship
54
 
Political Contributions Reporting & Disclosure
54
 
Military Sales
55
 
Report on Operations in Sensitive Regions or Countries
55
 
 II.
 ENVIRONMENT & CLIMATE CHANGE
56
 
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
56
 
Investment in Renewable Energy
56
 
Sustainability Reporting and Planning
57
 
Operations in Protected or Sensitive Areas
57
 
Hydraulic Fracturing
57
 
Recycling Policy
58
 
Endorsement of CERES Principles
58
 
Land Use
58
 
Water Use
59
 
Kyoto Compliance
59
     
 
 III.
WORKPLACE PRACTICES & HUMAN RIGHTS
59
 
Equal Employment Opportunity
59
 
High-Performance Workplace
60
 
Workplace Safety
60
 
Non-Discrimination in Retirement Benefits
60
 
Fair Lending Reporting and Compliance
60
 
MacBride Principles
61
 
Contract Supplier Standards
61
 
Corporate Conduct and Labor Code of Conduct
62
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines

 
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 V
CONSUMER HEALTH & PUBLIC SAFETY
62
 
Phase-out or Label Products Containing Genetically Engineered Ingredients
62
 
Tobacco-Related Proposals
62
 
Toxic Emissions
63
 
Toxic Chemicals
63
 
Nuclear Safety
63
 
Concentrated Area Feeding Operations (CAFOs)
63
 
Pharmaceutical Product Reimportation
64
 
Pharmaceutical Product Pricing
64
     
  DISCLOSURE/DISCLAIMER
66
 
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines


 
 
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TAFT-HARTLEY ADVISORY SERVICES
 
PROXY VOTING POLICY STATEMENT AND GUIDELINES
 
This statement sets forth the proxy voting policy of ISS’ Taft-Hartley Advisory Services. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) has stated that the fiduciary act of managing plan assets that are shares of corporate stock includes the voting of proxies appurtenant to those shares of stock and that trustees may delegate this duty to an investment manager. ERISA section 3(38) defines an investment manager as any fiduciary who is registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisor Act of 1940. ISS is a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisor Act of 1940.
 
 
Taft-Hartley Advisory Services will vote the proxies of its clients solely in the interest of their participants and beneficiaries and for the exclusive purpose of providing benefits to them. The interests of participants and beneficiaries will not be subordinated to unrelated objectives. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services shall act with the care, skill, prudence, and diligence under the circumstances then prevailing that a prudent person acting in a like capacity and familiar with such matters would use in the conduct of an enterprise of a like character and with like aims. When proxies due to Taft-Hartley Advisory Services’ clients have not been received, Taft-Hartley Advisory Services will make reasonable efforts to obtain missing proxies. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services is not responsible for voting proxies it does not receive.
 
 
Taft-Hartley Advisory Services shall analyze each proxy on a case-by-case basis, informed by the guidelines elaborated below, subject to the requirement that all votes shall be cast solely in the long-term interest of the participants and beneficiaries of the plans. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services does not intend for these guidelines to be exhaustive. Hundreds of issues appear on proxy ballots every year, and it is neither practical nor productive to fashion voting guidelines and policies which attempt to address every eventuality. Rather, Taft-Hartley Advisory Services’ guidelines are intended to cover the most significant and frequent proxy issues that arise. Issues not covered by the guidelines shall be voted in the interest of plan participants and beneficiaries of the plan based on a worker-owner view of long-term corporate value. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services shall revise its guidelines as events warrant and will remain in full conformity with the AFL-CIO proxy voting policy.
 
 
Taft-Hartley Advisory Services shall report annually to its clients on proxy votes cast on their behalf. These proxy voting reports will demonstrate Taft-Hartley Advisory Services’ compliance with its responsibilities and will facilitate clients’ monitoring of Taft-Hartley Advisory Services. A copy of this Proxy Voting Policy Statement and Guidelines is provided to each client at the time Taft-Hartley Advisory Services is retained. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services shall provide its clients with revised copies of this proxy voting policy statement and guidelines whenever significant revisions have been made.
 

 

 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines
 
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DIRECTOR ELECTIONS
 

Electing directors is the single most important stock ownership right that shareholders can exercise. By electing directors who share their views, shareholders can help to define performance standards against which management can be held accountable. Taft-Hartley Advisory Services holds directors to a high standard when voting on their election, qualifications, and compensation. We evaluate directors fairly and objectively, rewarding them for significant contributions and holding them ultimately accountable to shareholders for corporate performance. Institutional investors should use their voting rights in uncontested elections to influence financial performance and corporate strategies for achieving long term shareholder value.
 
Director accountability, independence and competence have become issues of prime importance to investors given the failings in oversight exposed by the global financial crisis. There is also concern over the environment in the boardrooms of certain markets, where past failures appear to be no impediment to continued or new appointments at major companies and may not be part of the evaluation process at companies in considering whether an individual is, or continues to be, fit for the role and best able to serve shareholders’ interests.
 

Voting on Director Nominees in Uncontested Elections
 
Votes concerning the entire board of directors and members of key board committees are examined using the following factors:
 
Board Independence: Without independence from management, the board and/or its committees may be unwilling or unable to effectively set company strategy and scrutinize performance or executive compensation.
 
Board Competence: Companies should seek a diverse board of directors who can add value to the board through specific skills or expertise and who can devote sufficient time and commitment to serve effectively. While directors should not be constrained by arbitrary limits such as age or term limits, directors who are unable to attend board and committee meetings and/or who are overextended (i.e. serving on too many boards) raise concern on the director’s ability to effectively serve in shareholders’ best interests.
 
Board Accountability: Practices that promote accountability include; transparency into a company’s governance practices, annual board elections, and providing shareholders the ability to remove problematic directors and to vote on takeover defenses or other charter/bylaw amendments. These practices help reduce the opportunity for management entrenchment.

Board Responsiveness: Directors should be responsive to shareholders, particularly in regard to shareholder proposals that receive a majority vote or management proposals that receive low shareholder support, and to tender offers where a majority of shares are tendered. Boards should also be sufficiently responsive to high withhold/against votes on directors. Furthermore, shareholders should expect directors to devote sufficient time and resources to oversight of the company.

 
Votes on individual director nominees are always made on a CASE-BY-CASE basis. Specific director nominee WITHHOLD/AGAINST1 votes can be triggered by one or more of the following factors:
___________________________
 
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines
 
-7-

 
Board Independence
 
·  
Lack of board and key board committee independence (fully independent audit, compensation, and nominating committees).
 
·  
Lack of a board that is at least two-thirds (67 percent) independent – i.e. where the composition of non-independent board members is in excess of 33 percent of the entire board;
 
·  
Lack of an independent board chair;
 
·  
Lack of independence on key board committees (i.e. audit, compensation, and nominating committees);
 
·  
Failure to establish any key board committees (i.e. audit, compensation, or nominating).
 
Board Competence
 
·  
Attendance of director nominees at board and committee meetings of less than 75 percent in one year without valid reason or explanation.
 
·  
Directors serving on an excessive number of other boards which could compromise their primary duties of care and loyalty.
 
Board Accountability

Problematic Takeover Defenses
 
·  
The board lacks accountability and oversight due to the presence of problematic governance provisions, coupled with long-term poor corporate performance relative to peers;
 
·  
If the company has a classified board and a continuing director is responsible for a problematic governance issue at the board/committee level that would warrant a withhold/against vote, in addition to potential future withhold/against votes on that director, Taft-Hartley Advisory Services may vote against or withhold votes from any or all of the nominees up for election, with the exception of new nominees;
 
·  
The company’s poison pill has a “dead-hand” or “modified dead-hand” feature;
 
·  
The board adopts a pill or makes a material adverse change to an existing pill without shareholder approval.
 
Governance Failures
 
·  
The presence of problematic governance practices including interlocking directorships, multiple related-party transactions, excessive risk-taking, imprudent use of corporate assets, etc.;
 
·  
Inadequate CEO succession planning, including the absence of an emergency and non-emergency/orderly CEO succession plan;
 
·  
Material failures of governance, stewardship, risk oversight, or fiduciary responsibilities at the company, failure to replace management as appropriate, flagrant or egregious actions related to the director(s)’ service on other boards that raise substantial doubt about his or her ability to effectively oversee management and serve the best interests of shareholders at any company;
 
·  
Chapter 7 bankruptcy, Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) violations or fines, and criminal investigations by the Department of Justice (DOJ), Government Accounting Office (GAO) or any other federal agency.
 
 
       
2012 Taft-Hartley U.S. Proxy Voting Guidelines

 
 
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Problematic Compensation Practices/Pay-for-Performance Misalignment
 
Performance of compensation committee members and/or the entire board in relation to the approval of egregious or excessive executive compensation (including perquisites and cash or equity awards).
 
Vote AGAINST or WITHHOLD votes from members of the Compensation Committee and potentially the full board if:
 
·  
There is a misalignment between CEO pay and company performance (see Pay-for-Performance policy);
 
·  
The company maintains problematic pay practices including options backdating, excessive perks and overly generous employment contracts etc.;
 
·  
The company fails to submit one-time transfers of stock options to a shareholder vote;
 
·  
The company fails to fulfill the terms of a burn rate commitment they made to shareholders;
 
·  
There is evidence that management/board members are using company stock in hedging activities.
 
Vote CASE-BY-CASE on Compensation Committee members (or, potentially, the full board) and the Management Say-on-Pay proposal if:
 
·  
The company's previous say-on-pay proposal received low levels of investor support, taking into account: