10-Q 1 opi_033119x10qxdocument.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
 
OR
 
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission File Number 1-34364
 
OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
Maryland
 
26-4273474
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, Massachusetts 02458-1634
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)  (Zip Code)
 
617-219-1440
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
 
Large accelerated filer ☒
 
Accelerated filer ☐
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer ☐
 
Smaller reporting company ☐
 
 
 
Emerging growth company ☐
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name Of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Shares of Beneficial Interest
 
OPI
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
5.875% Senior Notes due 2046
 
OPINI
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐  No ☒
 
Number of registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share, outstanding as of April 30, 2019: 48,090,108




OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST

 FORM 10-Q

 March 31, 2019
 
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “the Company”, “OPI”, “we”, “us” or “our” include Office Properties Income Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.


2


PART I.       Financial Information
 
Item 1.  Financial Statements
 
OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited) 
 
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
ASSETS
 
 

 
 

Real estate properties:
 
 

 
 

Land
 
$
918,992

 
$
924,164

Buildings and improvements
 
3,001,385

 
3,020,472

Total real estate properties, gross
 
3,920,377

 
3,944,636

Accumulated depreciation
 
(386,688
)
 
(375,147
)
Total real estate properties, net
 
3,533,689

 
3,569,489

Assets of properties held for sale
 
23,999

 
253,501

Investment in unconsolidated joint ventures
 
42,505

 
43,665

Acquired real estate leases, net
 
1,000,960

 
1,056,558

Cash and cash equivalents
 
20,153

 
35,349

Restricted cash
 
4,464

 
3,594

Rents receivable, net
 
67,776

 
72,051

Deferred leasing costs, net
 
30,788

 
25,672

Other assets, net
 
202,864

 
178,704

Total assets
 
$
4,927,198

 
$
5,238,583

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 

 
 

Unsecured revolving credit facility
 
$
80,000

 
$
175,000

Unsecured term loans, net
 
234,674

 
387,152

Senior unsecured notes, net
 
2,360,063

 
2,357,497

Mortgage notes payable, net
 
326,202

 
335,241

Liabilities of properties held for sale
 
178

 
4,271

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
114,613

 
145,536

Due to related persons
 
5,626

 
34,887

Assumed real estate lease obligations, net
 
18,838

 
20,031

Total liabilities
 
3,140,194

 
3,459,615

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 
 

 
 

Common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value: 200,000,000 shares authorized,
48,091,903 and 48,082,903 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
 
481

 
481

Additional paid in capital
 
2,610,666

 
2,609,801

Cumulative net income
 
180,901

 
146,882

Cumulative other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(297
)
 
106

Cumulative common distributions
 
(1,004,747
)
 
(978,302
)
Total shareholders’ equity
 
1,787,004

 
1,778,968

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
4,927,198

 
$
5,238,583


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited) 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Rental income 
$
174,777

 
$
108,717

 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 
 
Real estate taxes
18,392

 
12,964

Utility expenses
9,381

 
6,690

Other operating expenses
30,136

 
22,837

Depreciation and amortization
77,521

 
44,204

Loss on impairment of real estate
3,204

 
6,116

Acquisition and transaction related costs
584

 

General and administrative
8,723

 
9,606

Total expenses
147,941

 
102,417

 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of real estate
22,092

 

Dividend income
980

 
304

Unrealized gain on equity securities
22,128

 
12,931

Interest income
248

 
116

Interest expense (including net amortization of debt premiums, discounts
 
 
 
and issuance costs of $2,841 and $965, respectively)
(37,133
)
 
(22,766
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
(414
)
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax expense and
 
 
 
equity in net losses of investees
34,737

 
(3,115
)
Income tax expense
(483
)
 
(32
)
Equity in net losses of investees
(235
)
 
(577
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
34,019

 
(3,724
)
Income from discontinued operations

 
10,289

Net income
34,019

 
6,565

Other comprehensive loss:
 

 
 

Unrealized loss on financial instrument
(98
)
 

Equity in unrealized gain (loss) of investees
66

 
(41
)
Other comprehensive loss
(32
)
 
(41
)
Comprehensive income
$
33,987

 
$
6,524

 
 
 
 
Net income
$
34,019

 
$
6,565

Preferred units of limited partnership distributions

 
(278
)
Net income available for common shareholders
$
34,019

 
$
6,287

 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)
48,031

 
24,760

Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)
48,046

 
24,760

 
 
 
 
Per common share amounts (basic and diluted):
 

 
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.71

 
$
(0.16
)
Income from discontinued operations
$

 
$
0.42

Net income available for common shareholders
$
0.71

 
$
0.25

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



4


OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in thousands)
 
Number
of Shares
 
Common Shares
 
Additional
Paid In Capital
 
Cumulative
Net Income
 
Cumulative
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018
48,082,903
 
$
481

 
$
2,609,801

 
$
146,882

 
$
106

 
$
(978,302
)
 
$
1,778,968

Share grants
9,000
 

 
865

 

 

 

 
865

Amounts reclassified from cumulative other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
comprehensive income to net income

 

 

 

 
(371
)
 

 
(371
)
Net current period other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(32
)
 

 
(32
)
Net income available for common shareholders

 

 

 
34,019

 

 

 
34,019

Distributions to common shareholders

 

 

 

 

 
(26,445
)
 
(26,445
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
48,091,903
 
$
481

 
$
2,610,666

 
$
180,901

 
$
(297
)
 
$
(1,004,747
)
 
$
1,787,004

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
24,786,479
 
$
248

 
$
1,968,960

 
$
108,144

 
$
60,427

 
$
(807,736
)
 
$
1,330,043

Cumulative adjustment upon adoption of ASU No. 2016-01

 

 

 
60,281

 
(60,281
)
 

 

Adjustment upon adoption of ASU No. 2014-09

 

 

 
712

 

 

 
712

Balance at January 1, 2018
24,786,479
 
248

 
1,968,960

 
169,137

 
146

 
(807,736
)
 
1,330,755

Shares forfeitures or repurchases
(153
)
 

 
(11
)
 

 

 

 
(11
)
Net current period other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(41
)
 

 
(41
)
Net income available for common shareholders

 

 

 
6,287

 

 

 
6,287

Distributions to common shareholders

 

 

 

 

 
(42,632
)
 
(42,632
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
24,786,326
 
$
248

 
$
1,968,949

 
$
175,424

 
$
105

 
$
(850,368
)
 
$
1,294,358


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



5


OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(amounts in thousands)
(unaudited) 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
34,019

 
$
6,565

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation
 
23,629

 
17,172

Amortization of debt premiums, discounts and issuance costs, net
 
2,841

 
965

Amortization of acquired real estate leases
 
53,837

 
26,790

Amortization of deferred leasing costs
 
1,350

 
1,120

Gain on sale of real estate
 
(22,092
)
 

Loss on impairment of real estate
 
3,204

 
6,116

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 
414

 

Straight line rental income
 
(6,794
)
 
(3,091
)
Other non-cash expenses, net
 
593

 
(334
)
Unrealized gain on equity securities
 
(22,128
)
 
(12,931
)
Equity in net losses of investees
 
235

 
577

Equity in earnings of Select Income REIT included in discontinued operations
 

 
(10,289
)
Distributions of earnings from Select Income REIT
 

 
10,289

Change in assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Rents receivable
 
14,390

 
(1,893
)
Deferred leasing costs
 
(7,985
)
 
(2,091
)
Other assets
 
2,873

 
2,296

Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
(30,387
)
 
(9,679
)
Due to related persons
 
(29,257
)
 
3,685

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
18,742

 
35,267

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 

 
 

Real estate improvements
 
(12,969
)
 
(11,020
)
Distributions in excess of earnings from Select Income REIT
 

 
2,419

Distributions in excess of earnings from unconsolidated joint ventures
 
521

 
823

Proceeds from sale of properties, net
 
262,779

 
18,797

Net cash provided by investing activities
 
250,331

 
11,019

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 

 
 

Repayment of mortgage notes payable
 
(8,954
)
 
(899
)
Repayment of unsecured term loans
 
(153,000
)
 

Borrowings on unsecured revolving credit facility
 
85,000

 
25,000

Repayments on unsecured revolving credit facility
 
(180,000
)
 
(25,000
)
Repurchase of common shares
 

 
(11
)
Preferred units of limited partnership distributions
 

 
(278
)
Distributions to common shareholders
 
(26,445
)
 
(42,632
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(283,399
)
 
(43,820
)
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
(14,326
)
 
2,466

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 
38,943

 
19,680

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
 
$
24,617

 
$
22,146

 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Interest paid
 
$
49,545

 
$
27,733

Income taxes paid
 
$
7

 
$


Supplemental disclosure of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
20,153

 
$
17,380

Restricted cash
 
4,464

 
4,766

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows
 
$
24,617

 
$
22,146

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Note 1.    Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Office Properties Income Trust and its subsidiaries, or the Company, OPI, we, us or our, are unaudited. Certain information and disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted. We believe the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. However, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, or our 2018 Annual Report. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim period have been included. All intercompany transactions and balances with or among our consolidated subsidiaries have been eliminated. Our operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. Reclassifications have been made to the prior years' condensed consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year’s presentation.
 
The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates in the condensed consolidated financial statements include purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets, assessment of impairment of real estate and equity method investments and the valuation of intangible assets.

Note 2.    Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, No. 2016-02, Leases. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases and ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements. In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-20 Leases (Topic 842), Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors. Collectively, these standards set out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e., lessees and lessors). ASU No. 2016-02 requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase of the leased asset by the lessee. This classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease. ASU No. 2016-02 requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. These standards were effective as of January 1, 2019. Upon adoption, we applied the package of practical expedients that has allowed us to not reassess (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases and (iii) initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases. Furthermore, we applied the optional transition method in ASU No. 2018-11, which has allowed us to initially apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the adoption period, although we did not have an adjustment. Additionally, our leases met the criteria in ASU No. 2018-11 to not separate non-lease components from the related lease component; therefore, the accounting for these leases remained largely unchanged from the previous standard. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 and the related improvements did not have a material impact in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Upon adoption, (i) allowances for bad debts are now recognized as a direct reduction of rental income, and (ii) legal costs associated with the execution of our leases, which were previously capitalized and amortized over the life of their respective leases, are expensed as incurred. Subsequent to January 1, 2019, provisions for credit losses are now included in "rental income" in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Provisions for credit losses prior to January 1, 2019 were previously included in other operating expenses in our condensed consolidated financial statements and prior periods are not reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
Revenue Recognition. We are a lessor of commercial office properties. Our leases provide our tenants with the contractual right to use and economically benefit from all of the physical space specified in the leases, therefore we have determined to evaluate our leases as lease arrangements.
Our leases provide for base rent payments and in addition may include variable payments. Rental income from operating leases, including any payments derived by index or market-based indices, is recognized on a straight line basis over the lease term when we have determined that the collectability of substantially all of the lease payments is probable. Some of our leases have options to extend or terminate the lease exercisable at the option of our tenants, which are considered when determining the lease term. We do not include in our measurement of our lease receivables certain variable payments, including

7

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

changes in the index or market-based indices after the inception of the lease, certain tenant reimbursements and other income until the specific events that trigger the variable payments have occurred. Such payments totaled $23,394 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Certain of our leases contain non-lease components, such as property level operating expenses and capital expenditures reimbursed by our tenants as well as other required lease payments. We have determined that all of our leases qualify for the practical expedient to not separate the lease and non-lease components because (i) the lease components are operating leases and (ii) the timing and pattern of recognition of the non-lease components are the same as those of the lease components. We apply Accounting Standards Codification 842, Leases to the combined component. Income derived by our leases is recorded in rental income in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Certain tenants are obligated to pay directly their obligations under their leases for insurance, real estate taxes and certain other expenses. These obligations, which have been assumed by the tenants under the terms of their respective leases, are not reflected in our condensed consolidated financial statements. To the extent any tenant responsible for any such obligations under the applicable lease defaults on such lease or if it is deemed probable that the tenant will fail to pay for such obligations, we would record a liability for such obligations.
    
The following table presents our operating lease maturity analysis as of March 31, 2019:
Year
 
Amount
2019
 
$
409,264

2020
 
504,511

2021
 
476,943

2022
 
435,405

2023
 
390,252

Thereafter
 
1,286,197

Total
 
$
3,502,572


Right of Use Asset and Lease Liability. For leases where we are the lessee, we are required to record a right of use asset and lease liability for all leases with a term greater than 12 months. As of March 31, 2019, we had one lease that met this criterion where we are the lessee which expires on January 31, 2021. The value of the right of use asset and related liability representing our future obligation under the lease arrangement for which we are the lessee was $3,466 as of March 31, 2019. The right of use asset and related lease liability are included within other assets, net and accounts payable and other liabilities, respectively, within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires that entities use a new forward looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowance for credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. ASU No. 2016-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently assessing the potential impact the adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 will have in our condensed consolidated financial statements although lease related receivables are governed by the lease standards referred to above and are not subject to ASU No. 2016-13. We currently expect to adopt the standard using the modified retrospective approach.


8

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Note 3.    Weighted Average Common Shares
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of the weighted average number of common shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands): 
 
 
For the Three Months
 
 
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Weighted average common shares for basic earnings per share
 
48,031

 
24,760

Effect of dilutive securities: unvested share awards
 
15

 

Weighted average common shares for diluted earnings per share (1)
 
48,046

 
24,760


(1)
For the three months ended March 31, 2018, two unvested common shares were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been antidilutive.

Note 4.   Real Estate Properties
 
As of March 31, 2019, our wholly owned properties were comprised of 212 buildings with approximately 30,134,000 rentable square feet, with an aggregate undepreciated carrying value of $3,955,529, and we had a noncontrolling ownership interest in three buildings totaling approximately 443,900 rentable square feet through two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 50% and 51% interests. We generally lease space at our properties on a gross lease or modified gross lease basis pursuant to fixed term contracts expiring between 2019 and 2039. Our leases generally require us to pay all or some property operating expenses and to provide all or most property management services. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we entered into 32 leases for 825,475 rentable square feet, for a weighted (by rentable square feet) average lease term of 7.5 years and we made commitments for $28,804 of leasing related costs. As of March 31, 2019, we have estimated unspent leasing related obligations of $63,580.
 
We regularly evaluate whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that could indicate an impairment in the value of our long lived assets. If there is an indication that the carrying value of an asset is not recoverable, we estimate the projected undiscounted cash flows to determine if an impairment loss should be recognized. We determine the amount of any impairment loss by comparing the historical carrying value to estimated fair value. We estimate fair value through an evaluation of recent financial performance and projected discounted cash flows using standard industry valuation techniques. In addition to evaluating for impairment upon the events or changes in circumstances described above, we regularly evaluate the remaining lives of our long lived assets. If we change our estimate of the remaining lives, we allocate the carrying value of the affected assets over their revised remaining lives.
 
Disposition Activities

On February 8, 2019, we sold a property portfolio consisting of 34 buildings located in Northern Virginia and Maryland with 1,635,868 rentable square feet for $198,500 in aggregate, excluding closing costs. As of December 31, 2018, this property portfolio was included in assets held for sale and we recorded a $447 loss on impairment of real estate during the three months ended March 31, 2019 as a result of this sale.

On March 18, 2019, we sold an office building located in Washington, D.C. with 129,035 rentable square feet for $70,000, excluding closing costs. As of December 31, 2018, this building was included in assets held for sale and we recorded a $22,092 gain on sale of real estate during the three months ended March 31, 2019 as a result of this sale.

The sales of these properties do not represent significant dispositions individually or in the aggregate nor do they represent a strategic shift. The results of operations of these properties are included in continuing operations through the date of sale in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

As of March 31, 2019, we had two properties with an aggregate undepreciated carrying value of $35,152 classified as held for sale in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. The operating results of these two properties are included in continuing operations in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

9

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table summarizes the properties held for sale as of March 31, 2019.     
Date of Sale Agreement
 
Number of Office Buildings
 
Location
 
Square Feet
 
Gross
Sale Price
(1)
November 2018 (2)
 
1
 
Kapolei, HI
 
416,956
 
$
7,100

April 2019 (3)
 
1
 
Buffalo, NY
 
121,711
 
17,350

Total
 
2
 
 
 
538,667
 
$
24,450


(1)
Gross sale price includes purchase price adjustments, if any, and excludes closing costs.
(2)
Comprises of a leasable land parcel acquired from SIR in the SIR Merger (each as defined below). We expect this sale to close in the second quarter of 2019.
(3)
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we recorded a $2,757 loss on impairment of real estate to reduce the carrying value of this property to its estimated fair value less costs to sell. We expect this sale to close in the second quarter of 2019.

In April 2019, we entered an agreement to sell an office building located in Hanover, PA with 502,300 rentable square feet for $6,000, excluding closing costs. This property did not meet the held for sale criteria as of March 31, 2019. This sale is expected to occur in the third quarter of 2019.

In May 2019, we entered an agreement to sell an office building located in Maynard, MA with 287,037 rentable square feet for $5,000, excluding closing costs. This property did not meet the held for sale criteria as of March 31, 2019. This sale is expected to occur in the second quarter of 2019.
        
In addition to the properties discussed above, we are currently marketing for sale 30 office buildings, including properties acquired in the merger of Select Income REIT, or SIR, with and into our wholly owned subsidiary that closed on December 31, 2018, or the SIR Merger, comprising approximately 4.4 million square feet as of March 31, 2019. We have determined that these properties were not impaired nor did they meet the held for sale criteria as of March 31, 2019. We cannot be sure we will sell any of our properties that we are marketing for sale or sell them for prices in excess of our carrying values or that we will not recognize impairment losses with respect to these properties. In addition, our pending sales are subject to conditions; accordingly, we cannot be sure that we will complete these sales or that these sales will not be delayed or their terms will not change.

Pro Forma Financial Information

On December 31, 2018, we acquired SIR pursuant to an agreement and plan of merger that we and SIR entered into on September 14, 2018, or the Merger Agreement, as a result of which we acquired 99 buildings with approximately 16.5 million rentable square feet. The aggregate transaction value of the SIR Merger was $2,415,053, excluding closing costs of approximately $27,497 ($14,508 of which was paid by us and $12,989 of which was paid by SIR) and including the repayment or assumption of $1,719,772 of SIR debt.

As a condition of the SIR Merger, on October 9, 2018, we sold all of the 24,918,421 common shares of SIR we then owned, or the Secondary Sale, in an underwritten public offering at a price of $18.25 per share, raising net proceeds of $435,125 after deducting underwriting discounts and offering expenses. We used the net proceeds from the Secondary Sale to repay amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility.

In addition, as a condition of the SIR Merger, on December 27, 2018, SIR paid a pro rata distribution to SIR's shareholders of record as of the close of business on December 20, 2018 of all 45,000,000 common shares of beneficial interest of Industrial Logistics Properties Trust, or ILPT, that SIR owned, or the ILPT Distribution.

For further information about these transactions, refer to our 2018 Annual Report.
        
The following table presents our pro forma results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as if the SIR Merger, the Secondary Sale and the ILPT Distribution had occurred on January 1, 2018. The SIR results of operations included in this pro forma financial information have been adjusted to remove ILPT's results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The effect of the adjustments to remove ILPT's results of operations was to decrease pro forma rental

10

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

income $40,605 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and to decrease net income $13,312 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 from the amounts that would have otherwise been included in the pro forma results.

This unaudited pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of what our actual results of operations would have been for the period presented or for any future period. Differences could result from numerous factors, including future changes in our portfolio of investments, capital structure, property level operating expenses and revenues, including rents expected to be received pursuant to our existing leases or leases we may enter into, changes in interest rates and other reasons. Actual future results are likely to be different from amounts presented in this unaudited pro forma financial information and such differences could be significant.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Rental income
$
189,446

Net income
$
9,453

Net income per common share
$
0.20

During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, we did not recognize any revenue or operating income from the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the SIR Merger.
  
Unconsolidated Joint Ventures
   
    We own noncontrolling interests in two joint ventures that own three buildings. We account for these investments under the equity method of accounting. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures consisted of the following:
 
 
 
 
OPI Carrying Value of Investment at
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joint Venture
 
OPI Ownership
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Number of Office Buildings
 
Location
 
Square Feet
Prosperity Metro Plaza
 
51%
 
$
23,498

 
$
23,969

 
2
 
Fairfax, VA
 
328,456

1750 H Street, NW
 
50%
 
19,007

 
19,696

 
1
 
Washington, D.C.
 
115,411

Total
 
 
 
$
42,505

 
$
43,665

 
3
 
 
 
443,867


The following table provides a summary of the mortgage debt of our unconsolidated joint ventures:
Joint Venture
 
 Interest Rate (1)
 
Maturity Date
 
Principal Balance at March 31, 2018 (2)
Prosperity Metro Plaza
 
4.09%
 
12/1/2029
 
$
50,000

1750 H Street, NW
 
3.69%
 
8/1/2024
 
32,000

Weighted Average / Total
 
3.93%
 
 
 
$
82,000

(1)
Includes the effect of mark to market purchase accounting.
(2)
Reflects the entire balance of the debt secured by the properties and is not adjusted to reflect the interests in the joint venture we do not own. None of the debt is recourse to us.

At March 31, 2019, the aggregate unamortized basis difference of our unconsolidated joint ventures of $8,320 is primarily attributable to the difference between the amount we paid to purchase our interest in these joint ventures, including transaction costs, and the historical carrying value of the net assets of these joint ventures. This difference is being amortized over the remaining useful life of the properties owned by these joint ventures and the resulting amortization expense is included in equity in net losses of investees in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.


11

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Note 5.   Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize rental income from operating leases that contain fixed contractual rent changes on a straight line basis over the term of the lease agreements. Certain of our leases provide the tenant the right to terminate before the lease expiration date. In certain circumstances, some leases provide the tenant with the right to terminate if the legislature or other funding authority does not appropriate the funding necessary for the tenant to meet its lease obligations; we have determined the fixed non-cancelable lease term of these leases to be the full term of the lease because we believe the occurrence of early terminations to be remote contingencies based on both our historical experience and our assessments of the likelihood of lease cancellation on a separate lease basis.

We increased rental income to record revenue on a straight line basis by $6,794 and $3,091 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Rents receivable, excluding properties classified as held for sale, include $40,640 and $34,006 of straight line rent receivables at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

Note 6.   Concentration
 
Tenant Concentration
 
We define annualized rental income as the annualized contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements as of the measurement date, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated recurring expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excluding lease value amortization. As of March 31, 2019, the U.S. Government, 13 state governments and three other government tenants combined were responsible for approximately 35.9% of our annualized rental income and as of March 31, 2018 the U.S. Government, 13 state governments and four other government tenants combined were responsible for approximately 63.2% of our annualized rental income. The U.S. Government is our largest tenant by annualized rental income and was responsible for approximately 25.8% and 44.0% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 
Geographic Concentration
 
At March 31, 2019, our 212 wholly owned buildings were located in 38 states and the District of Columbia. Consolidated properties located in Virginia, California, Texas, the District of Columbia and Maryland were responsible for 15.1%, 11.8%, 11.6%, 9.4% and 7.1% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019, respectively. Consolidated properties located in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market area were responsible for approximately 23.5% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019.
 
Note 7.   Indebtedness

Our principal debt obligations at March 31, 2019 were: (1) $80,000 of outstanding borrowings under our $750,000 unsecured revolving credit facility; (2) $235,000 outstanding principal amount under our unsecured term loan; (3) $2,410,000 aggregate outstanding principal amount of senior unsecured notes; and (4) $329,309 aggregate outstanding principal amount of mortgage notes.
 
Our $750,000 revolving credit facility and our term loan are governed by a credit agreement, or our credit agreement, with a syndicate of institutional lenders that includes a number of features common to all of these credit arrangements. Our credit agreement also includes a feature under which the maximum aggregate borrowing availability may be increased to up to $2,185,000 on a combined basis in certain circumstances.

Our $750,000 revolving credit facility is available for general business purposes, including acquisitions. The maturity date of our revolving credit facility is January 31, 2023 and, subject to the payment of an extension fee and meeting other conditions, we have the option to extend the stated maturity date of our revolving credit facility by two additional six month periods. We can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility until maturity and no principal repayment is due until maturity. We are required to pay interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019, on borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We also pay a facility fee on the total amount of lending commitments under our revolving credit facility, which was 25 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019. Both the interest rate premium and the facility fee are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of March 31,

12

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

2019 and December 31, 2018, the annual interest rate payable on borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 3.5% and 3.6%, respectively. The weighted average annual interest rate for borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 3.5% and 2.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. As of March 31, 2019 and April 30, 2019, we had $80,000 and $65,000, respectively, outstanding under our revolving credit facility, and $670,000 and $685,000, respectively, available for borrowing under our revolving credit facility.
 
Our remaining $300,000 term loan, which matures on March 31, 2020, is prepayable without penalty at any time. We are required to pay interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 140 basis points per annum at March 31, 2019, on the amount outstanding under this term loan. The interest rate premium is subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the annual interest rate for the amount outstanding under this term loan was 3.9%. The weighted average annual interest rate under this term loan was 3.9% and 3.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. On March 19, 2019, we repaid $65,000 of the principal balance without penalty using proceeds from the sale of a property leaving a principal balance remaining under this term loan of $235,000.
 
Our $250,000 term loan, which was scheduled to mature on March 31, 2022 and had a principal balance of $88,000 as of December 31, 2018, was repaid in full on February 11, 2019, without penalty, using proceeds from the sale of a property portfolio. The weighted average annual interest rate under this term loan was 4.3% for the period from January 1, 2019 to February 11, 2019, and 3.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

As a result of the principal payments of our term loans, we recognized a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $414 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 to write off a proportionate amount of unamortized debt issuance costs.
 
Our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements provide for acceleration of payment of all amounts due thereunder upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as, in the case of our credit agreement, a change of control of us, which includes The RMR Group LLC, or RMR LLC, ceasing to act as our business and property manager. Our credit agreement and our senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements also contain covenants, including those that restrict our ability to incur debts, require us to maintain certain financial ratios and, in the case of our credit agreement, restrict our ability to make distributions under certain circumstances. We believe we were in compliance with the terms and conditions of the respective covenants under our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements at March 31, 2019.

On March 1, 2019, we repaid at maturity, at par plus accrued interest, a mortgage note secured by one property with an outstanding principal balance of $7,890 using cash on hand.

At March 31, 2019, eleven of our consolidated buildings with an aggregate net book value of $609,048 are encumbered by mortgage notes with an aggregate principal amount of $329,309. Our mortgage notes are non-recourse, subject to certain limited exceptions and do not contain any material financial covenants.

Note 8.   Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
 
The table below presents certain of our assets measured at fair value at March 31, 2019, categorized by the level of inputs, as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP, used in the valuation of each asset:
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value at Reporting Date Using
Description
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Recurring Fair Value Measurements Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment in RMR Inc. (1)
 
$
170,808

 
$
170,808

 
$

 
$

Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements Assets:
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets of properties held for sale (2)
 
$
16,848

 
$

 
$
16,848

 
$


(1)
Our 2,801,061 shares of class A common stock of The RMR Group Inc., or RMR Inc., which are included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, are reported at fair value which is based on quoted market prices (Level 1 inputs as defined

13

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP). Our historical cost basis for these shares is $111,117 as of March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, we recorded an unrealized gain of $22,128 and $12,931, respectively, to adjust our investment in RMR Inc. to its fair value.
(2)
We estimated the fair value of one building we have agreed to sell located in Buffalo, NY at March 31, 2019 based upon a negotiated sale agreement with a third party less estimated sale costs (Level 2 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP). See Note 4 for further details.

In addition to the assets described in the table above, our financial instruments include our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents receivable, a mortgage note receivable, accounts payable, a revolving credit facility, an unsecured term loan, senior unsecured notes, mortgage notes payable, amounts due to related persons, other accrued expenses and security deposits.  At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the fair values of our financial instruments approximated their carrying values in our condensed consolidated financial statements, due to their short term nature or floating interest rates, except as follows:
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2019
 
As of December 31, 2018
Financial Instrument
 
Carrying  Amount (1)
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying  Amount (1)
 
Fair Value
Senior unsecured notes, 3.75% interest rate, due in 2019
 
$
349,524

 
$
350,586

 
$
349,239

 
$
348,903

Senior unsecured notes, 3.60% interest rate, due in 2020
 
399,343

 
401,040

 
399,146

 
399,146

Senior unsecured notes, 4.00% interest rate, due in 2022
 
296,966

 
300,845

 
296,735

 
295,047

Senior unsecured notes, 4.15% interest rate, due in 2022
 
297,001

 
303,428

 
296,736

 
296,736

Senior unsecured notes, 4.25% interest rate, due in 2024
 
338,307

 
336,137

 
337,736

 
337,736

Senior unsecured notes, 4.50% interest rate, due in 2025
 
378,260

 
387,404

 
377,329

 
377,329

Senior unsecured notes, 5.875% interest rate, due in 2046
 
300,662

 
313,100

 
300,576

 
274,288

Mortgage notes payable
 
326,202

 
328,809

 
335,241

 
336,365

Total
 
$
2,686,265


$
2,721,349


$
2,692,738


$
2,665,550


(1)
Includes unamortized debt premiums, discounts and issuance costs.
 
We estimated the fair value of our senior unsecured notes (except for our senior unsecured notes due in 2046) using an average of the bid and ask price of the notes as of the measurement date (Level 2 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP). We estimated the fair value of our senior unsecured notes due 2046 based on the closing price on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, or Nasdaq, as of the measurement date (Level 1 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP). We estimated the fair values of our mortgage notes payable by using discounted cash flow analyses and currently prevailing market rates as of the measurement date (Level 3 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP).  Because Level 3 inputs are unobservable, our estimated fair value may differ materially from the actual fair value.

Note 9.   Shareholders’ Equity

Share Awards

On February 27, 2019, in connection with the election of three of our Trustees we granted each Trustee 3,000 of our common shares, valued at $29.95 per share, the closing price of our common shares on Nasdaq on that day.

Share Purchases

On April 5, 2019, we purchased 1,795 of our common shares valued at $28.96 per share, the closing price of our common shares on Nasdaq on that day, from a former officer of RMR LLC in satisfaction of tax withholding and payment obligations in connection with the vesting of awards of our common shares.

14

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Distributions
 
On February 21, 2019, we paid a regular quarterly distribution to common shareholders of record on January 28, 2019 of $0.55 per share, or $26,445. On April 18, 2019, we declared a regular quarterly distribution to common shareholders of record on April 29, 2019 of $0.55 per share, or approximately $26,450. We expect to pay this distribution on or about May 16, 2019.

Cumulative Other Comprehensive Income

Cumulative other comprehensive income represents our share of the comprehensive income of Affiliates Insurance Company, an Indiana insurance company, or AIC. See Note 11 for further information regarding this investment.

Note 10. Business and Property Management Agreements with RMR LLC

We have no employees. The personnel and various services we require to operate our business are provided to us by RMR LLC. We have two agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us: (1) a business management agreement, which relates to our business generally; and (2) a property management agreement, which relates to our property level operations. Prior to completion of the SIR Merger, SIR had similar business and property management agreements with RMR LLC on substantially similar terms, which agreements were terminated in connection with the merger. See Notes 4 and 11 for further information regarding our relationship, agreements and transactions with SIR and RMR LLC.

Pursuant to our business management agreement, we recognized net business management fees of $5,722 and $7,309 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, as of March 31, 2019, no estimated 2019 incentive fees are included in the net business management fees we recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The actual amount of annual incentive fees for 2019, if any, will be based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, for the three year period ending December 31, 2019, and will be payable in 2020. The net business management fees recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2018 included $2,887 of accrued estimated business management incentive fees as of March 31, 2018. No business management incentive fee was payable for the year ended December 31, 2018. We include business management fees in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.  

Pursuant to our property management agreement, we recognized aggregate net property management and construction supervision fees of $5,449 and $3,349 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These amounts are included in other operating expenses or have been capitalized, as appropriate, in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In addition, we paid RMR LLC $2,185 in January 2019 for SIR’s 2018 business management, property management and construction supervision fees that it had accrued, but not paid, as of December 31, 2018. We also paid RMR LLC a business management incentive fee of $25,817, which represented the incentive fee incurred, but not paid, by SIR for the year ended December 31, 2018. We had assumed the obligation to pay these amounts as a result of the SIR Merger.
We are generally responsible for all our operating expenses, including certain expenses incurred or arranged by RMR LLC on our behalf. We are generally not responsible for payment of RMR LLC’s employment, office or administrative expenses incurred to provide management services to us, except for the employment and related expenses of RMR LLC’s employees assigned to work exclusively or partly at our properties, our share of the wages, benefits and other related costs of RMR LLC's centralized accounting personnel, our share of RMR LLC’s costs for providing our internal audit function, or as otherwise agreed. Our property level operating expenses are generally incorporated into the rents charged to our tenants, including certain payroll and related costs incurred by RMR LLC. We reimbursed RMR LLC $6,553 and $4,969 for these expenses and costs for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We included these amounts in other operating expenses and general and administrative expenses, as applicable, in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

15

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Note 11.   Related Person Transactions

We have relationships and historical and continuing transactions with SIR (prior to the Merger), RMR LLC, RMR Inc., AIC and others related to them, including other companies to which RMR LLC or its subsidiaries provide management services and some of which have trustees, directors or officers who are also our Trustees or officers. 

Our Manager, RMR LLC. We have two agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us. See Note 10 for further information regarding our management agreements with RMR LLC.

Leases with RMR LLC. We lease office space to RMR LLC in certain of our properties for RMR LLC's property management offices. Pursuant to our lease agreements with RMR LLC, we recognized rental income from RMR LLC for leased office space of $279 and $218 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

RMR Inc. RMR LLC is a majority owned subsidiary of RMR Inc. and RMR Inc. is the managing member of RMR LLC. Adam D. Portnoy, one of our Managing Trustees, is the sole trustee, an officer and the controlling shareholder of ABP Trust, which is the controlling shareholder of RMR Inc., a managing director, president and chief executive officer of RMR Inc. and an officer and employee of RMR LLC. David M. Blackman, our other Managing Trustee and our President and Chief Executive Officer, also serves as an executive officer of RMR LLC, and each of our other officers is an officer and employee of RMR LLC. As of March 31, 2019, we owned 2,801,061 shares of class A common stock of RMR Inc. See Note 8 for further information regarding our investment in RMR Inc.
SIR. As described further in Note 4, we completed the SIR Merger effective December 31, 2018. Our Managing Trustees and one of our Independent Trustees previously served as managing trustees and independent trustees, respectively, of SIR, our President and Chief Executive Officer also served as SIR’s president and chief executive officer, Jeffrey C. Leer, our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, served as SIR’s chief financial officer and treasurer and each of SIR’s officers was also an officer and employee of RMR LLC. RMR LLC provides management services to us and provided management services to SIR until it ceased to exist. See Note 4 for further information regarding the Merger and our previous investment in SIR.
        AIC. We, ABP Trust and five other companies to which RMR LLC provides management services currently own AIC in equal amounts. We and the other AIC shareholders participate in a combined property insurance program arranged and insured or reinsured in part by AIC.
    As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our investment in AIC had a carrying value of $9,221 and $8,751, respectively. These amounts are included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We recognized income of $404 and $44 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which are presented as equity in net losses of investees in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Our other comprehensive loss includes our proportionate part of unrealized gains (losses) on fixed income securities, which are owned by AIC, related to our investment in AIC.
For further information about these and other such relationships and certain other related person transactions, refer to our 2018 Annual Report.

Note 12.   Discontinued Operations

We previously accounted for our investment in SIR under the equity method and had previously reported our investment in SIR as a reportable segment. As a result of the Secondary Sale and the elimination of a reportable segment, our equity method investment in SIR is classified as discontinued operations in our condensed consolidated financial statements. See Note 4 for further information regarding the Secondary Sale. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, we recorded $10,289 of equity in earnings of SIR which is included in income from discontinued operations in our condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income.


16

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following presents a summarized income statement of SIR as reported in SIR’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018, or the SIR Quarterly Report. References in our condensed consolidated financial statements to the SIR Quarterly Report are included as references to the source of the data only, and the information in the SIR Quarterly Report is not incorporated by reference into our condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31, 2018
Rental income
 
$
99,755

Tenant reimbursements and other income
 
20,874

Total revenues
 
120,629

 
 
 
Real estate taxes
 
11,788

Other operating expenses
 
15,282

Depreciation and amortization
 
34,946

General and administrative
 
13,941

Total expenses
 
75,957

 
 
 
Dividend income
 
397

Unrealized gain on equity securities
 
16,900

Interest income
 
510

Interest expense
 
(23,492
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 
(1,192
)
Income before income tax expense and equity in earnings of an investee
 
37,795

Income tax expense
 
(160
)
Equity in earnings of an investee
 
44

Net income
 
37,679

Net income allocated to noncontrolling interest
 
(4,479
)
Net income attributed to SIR
 
$
33,200

 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)
 
89,382

Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)
 
89,390

Net income attributed to SIR per common share (basic and diluted)
 
$
0.37



17


Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following information should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our 2018 Annual Report.
 
OVERVIEW (dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
We are a real estate investment trust, or REIT, organized under Maryland law. As of March 31, 2019, our wholly owned properties were comprised of 212 buildings and we had a noncontrolling ownership interest in three buildings totaling 0.4 million rentable square feet through two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 50% and 51% interests. As of March 31, 2019, our consolidated properties are located in 38 states and the District of Columbia and contain 30.1 million rentable square feet. As of March 31, 2019, our properties were leased to 408 different tenants, with a weighted average remaining lease term (based on annualized rental income) of approximately 5.9 years. The U.S. Government is our largest tenant by annualized rental income and represents approximately 25.8% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019. The term annualized rental income as used herein is defined as the annualized contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements as of the measurement date, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated recurring expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excluding lease value amortization.
 
Merger with Select Income REIT
On December 31, 2018, we acquired Select Income REIT, or SIR, pursuant to an agreement and plan of merger, or the Merger Agreement, that we and SIR entered into on September 14, 2018, or the SIR Merger, as a result of which we acquired 99 buildings with approximately 16.5 million rentable square feet.  The aggregate transaction value for the SIR Merger was $2,415,053, excluding closing costs of $27,497 ($14,508 of which was paid by us and $12,989 of which was paid by SIR) and including the repayment or assumption of $1,719,772 of SIR debt.
As a condition of the SIR Merger, on October 9, 2018, we sold all 24,918,421 common shares of SIR we then owned, or the Secondary Sale, in an underwritten public offering at a price of $18.25 per share, raising net proceeds of $435,125 after deducting underwriting discounts and offering expenses.

Consolidated Property Operations
 
Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this section exclude three buildings owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests. See Note 4 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information regarding our unconsolidated joint ventures.

As of March 31, 2019, 89.6% of our consolidated rentable square feet was leased, compared to 94.4% of our consolidated rentable square feet as of March 31, 2018. Occupancy data for our consolidated properties as of March 31, 2019 and 2018 was as follows (square feet in thousands):
 
 
All Consolidated Properties (1)
 
Comparable Consolidated Properties (2)
 
 
 March 31,
 
 March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Total buildings (3)
 
212

 
166

 
113


113

Total rentable square feet (3)(4)
 
30,134

 
17,332
 
13,596


13,585

Percent leased (5)
 
89.6
%
 
94.4
%
 
92.5
%

94.8
%

(1)
Based on consolidated properties we owned on March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
(2)
Based on consolidated properties we owned on March 31, 2019 and which we owned continuously since January 1, 2018.
(3)
Includes two leasable land parcels.
(4)
Subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for tenants.
(5)
Percent leased includes (i) space being fitted out for tenant occupancy pursuant to our lease agreements, if any, and (ii) space which is leased, but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants, if any, as of the measurement date.

 

18


The average effective rental rate per square foot for our consolidated properties for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Average effective rental rate per square foot (1):
 
 
 
 
  All properties (2)
 
$
25.96


$
26.77

  Comparable properties (3)
 
$
28.37


$
28.50


(1)
Average effective rental rate per square foot represents annualized total rental income during the period specified divided by the average rentable square feet leased during the period specified.
(2)
Based on consolidated properties we owned on March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
(3)
Based on consolidated properties we owned on March 31, 2019 and which we owned continuously since January 1, 2018.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, changes in rentable square feet leased and available for lease at our consolidated properties were as follows (square feet in thousands): 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
Leased
 
Available for Lease
 
Total
Beginning of period
 
29,024


2,876


31,900

Changes resulting from:
 






 

Disposition of properties
 
(1,511
)

(254
)

(1,765
)
Lease expirations
 
(1,344
)

1,344



Lease renewals (1)
 
704


(704
)


New leases (1)
 
121


(121
)


Remeasurements (2)
 


(1
)

(1
)
End of period
 
26,994


3,140


30,134


(1)
Based on leases entered during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
(2)
Rentable square feet are subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for tenants.
 
Leases at our consolidated properties totaling 1.3 million rentable square feet expired during the three months ended March 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we entered leases totaling 825,000 rentable square feet, including lease renewals of 704,000 rentable square feet and new leases of 121,000 rentable square feet. The weighted (by rentable square feet) average lease term for new and renewal leases entered during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was 7.5 years.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, changes in effective rental rates per square foot achieved for new leases and lease renewals at our consolidated properties that commenced during the three months ended March 31, 2019, when compared to prior effective rental rates per square foot in effect for the same space (and excluding space acquired vacant), were as follows (square feet in thousands): 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
Old Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
 
New Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
 
Rentable Square Feet
New leases

$
31.61


$
31.07


41

Lease renewals

$
35.58


$
39.67


761

Total leasing activity

$
35.37


$
39.23


802

(1)
Effective rental rate includes contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excluding lease value amortization.


19


During the three months ended March 31, 2019, commitments made for expenditures, such as tenant improvements and leasing costs, in connection with leasing space at our consolidated properties were as follows (square feet in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
 
New Leases
 
Renewals
 
Total
Rentable square feet leased
 
121

 
704

 
825

Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments (1) 
 
$
13,591

 
$
15,213

 
$
28,804

Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot (1)
 
$
112.00

 
$
21.60

 
$
34.89

Weighted (by square feet) average lease term (years)
 
8.8

 
7.3

 
7.5

Total leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot per year (1)
 
$
12.79

 
$
2.98

 
$
4.67


(1)
Includes commitments made for leasing expenditures and concessions, such as tenant improvements, leasing commissions, tenant reimbursements and free rent.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, amounts capitalized at our consolidated properties for tenant improvements, leasing costs, building improvements and development and redevelopment activities were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Tenant improvements (1)
 
$
4,912

 
$
2,843

Leasing costs (2)
 
7,325

 
1,986

Building improvements (3)
 
4,308

 
2,707

Development, redevelopment and other activities (4)
 
226

 
1,416


(1)
Tenant improvements include capital expenditures used to improve tenants’ space or amounts paid directly to tenants to improve their space.
(2)
Leasing costs include leasing related costs, such as brokerage commissions and other tenant inducements.
(3)
Building improvements generally include expenditures to replace obsolete building components and expenditures that extend the useful life of existing assets.
(4)
Development, redevelopment and other activities generally include (i) capital expenditures that are identified at the time of a property acquisition and incurred within a short time period after acquiring the property, and (ii) capital expenditure projects that reposition a property or result in new sources of revenue.
 
As of March 31, 2019, we have estimated unspent leasing related obligations of $63,580.
 
As of March 31, 2019, we had leases at our consolidated properties totaling 2.6 million rentable square feet that were scheduled to expire through March 31, 2020. As of April 30, 2019, tenants with leases totaling 0.6 million rentable square feet that are scheduled to expire through March 31, 2020, have notified us that they do not plan to renew their leases upon expiration and we cannot be sure as to whether other tenants may or may not renew their leases upon expiration. Based upon current market conditions and tenant negotiations for leases scheduled to expire through March 31, 2020, we expect that the rental rates we are likely to achieve on new or renewed leases for space under leases expiring through March 31, 2020 will, in the aggregate and on a weighted (by annualized revenues) average basis, be approximately equivalent to the rates currently being paid, thereby generally resulting in unchanged rent from the same space. We cannot be sure of the rental rates which will result from our ongoing negotiations regarding lease renewals or any new or renewed leases we may enter; also, we may experience material declines in our rental income due to vacancies upon lease expirations or early terminations. Prevailing market conditions and government and other tenants' needs at the time we negotiate and enter leases or lease renewals will generally determine rental rates and demand for leased space at our properties, and market conditions and our other tenants' needs are beyond our control. Whenever we extend, renew or enter into new leases for our properties, we intend to seek rents which are equal to or higher than our historical rents for the same properties; however, our ability to maintain or increase the rents for our current properties will depend in large part upon market conditions, which are beyond our control.


20


As shown below, approximately 8.3% of our total rented square feet and approximately 10.1% of our total annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019 are from leases scheduled to expire by December 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, lease expirations at our consolidated properties by year are as follows (square feet in thousands):
 
Year (1)
 
Number of Leases Expiring
 
Leased
Square Feet Expiring (2)
 
Percent of Total
 
Cumulative Percent of Total
 
Annualized Rental Income Expiring
 
Percent of Total
 
Cumulative Percent of Total
2019
 
60

 
2,241

 
8.3
%
 
8.3
%
 
$
67,458

 
10.1
%
 
10.1
%
2020
 
73

 
1,671

 
6.2
%
 
14.5
%
 
45,018

 
6.8
%
 
16.9
%
2021
 
67

 
1,848

 
6.8
%
 
21.3
%
 
41,668

 
6.3
%
 
23.2
%
2022
 
80

 
2,355

 
8.7
%
 
30.0
%
 
60,645

 
9.1
%
 
32.3
%
2023
 
66

 
2,928

 
10.8
%
 
40.8
%
 
73,063

 
11.0
%
 
43.3
%
2024
 
56

 
3,659

 
13.6
%
 
54.4
%
 
93,224

 
14.0
%
 
57.3
%
2025
 
33

 
1,983

 
7.3
%
 
61.7
%
 
42,649

 
6.4
%
 
63.7
%
2026
 
29

 
1,984

 
7.3
%
 
69.0
%
 
51,223

 
7.7
%
 
71.4
%
2027
 
29

 
2,007

 
7.4
%
 
76.4
%
 
49,545

 
7.4
%
 
78.8
%
2028 and thereafter
 
45

 
6,318

 
23.6
%
 
100.0
%
 
140,770

 
21.2
%
 
100.0
%
Total
 
538

 
26,994

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
$
665,263

 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)
 
6.1
 
 
 
 
 
5.9
 
 
 
 

(1)
The year of lease expiration is pursuant to current contract terms. Some tenants have the right to vacate their space before the stated expirations of their leases. As of March 31, 2019, tenants occupying approximately 8.4% of our consolidated rentable square feet and responsible for approximately 5.2% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019 currently have exercisable rights to terminate their leases before the stated terms of their leases expire. Also, in 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028 and 2034 early termination rights become exercisable by other tenants who currently occupy an additional approximately 2.0%, 4.9%, 1.4%, 1.8%, 0.2%, 0.9%, 1.8%, 0.8%, 0.3%, 0.8% and 0.1% of our consolidated rentable square feet, respectively, and contribute an additional approximately 2.1%, 6.5%, 1.6%, 1.7%, 0.3%, 1.5%, 3.1%, 1.1%, 0.4%, 1.0% and 0.0% of our annualized rental income, respectively, as of March 31, 2019. In addition, as of March 31, 2019, 21 of our tenants currently have exercisable rights to terminate their leases if the legislature or other funding authority does not appropriate rent amounts in their respective annual budgets. These 21 tenants occupy approximately 6.4% of our consolidated rentable square feet and contribute approximately 7.4% of our annualized rental income as of March 31, 2019.
(2)
Leased square feet is pursuant to leases existing as of March 31, 2019, and includes (i) space being fitted out for tenant occupancy pursuant to our lease agreements, if any, and (ii) space which is leased, but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants, if any. Square feet measurements are subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for new tenants.

We generally will seek to renew or extend the terms of leases in our single tenant properties when they expire. Because of the capital many of the tenants in these properties have invested in the properties and because many of these properties appear to be of strategic importance to the tenants’ businesses, we believe that it is likely that these tenants will renew or extend their leases prior to when they expire. If we are unable to extend or renew our leases, it may be time consuming and expensive to relet some of these properties.

We believe that current government budgetary methodology, spending priorities and the current U.S. presidential administration's views on the size and scope of government employment have resulted in a decrease in government employment. Furthermore, for the past five years, government tenants have reduced their space utilization per employee and consolidated government tenants into existing government owned properties. This activity has reduced the demand for government leased space. Our historical experience with respect to properties of the type we own that are majority leased to government tenants has been that government tenants frequently renew leases to avoid the costs and disruptions that may result from relocating their operations. However, efforts to reduce space utilization rates may result in our tenants exercising early termination rights under our leases, vacating our properties upon expiration of our leases in order to relocate, or renewing their leases for less space than they currently occupy. Also, our government tenants' desires to reconfigure leased office space to reduce utilization per employee may require us to spend significant amounts for tenant improvements, and tenant relocations have become more prevalent than our past experiences in instances where efforts by government tenants to reduce their space utilization require a significant reconfiguration of currently leased space. Increasing uncertainty with respect to government agency budgets and funding to implement relocations, consolidations and reconfigurations recently has resulted in delayed decisions by some of our government tenants and their reliance on short term lease renewals. We believe the reduction in government tenant space utilization and the consolidation of government tenants into government owned real estate is substantially complete; however, these activities may impact us for some time into the future. At present, we are unable to reasonably project what the financial impact of market conditions or changing government circumstances will be on our financial results for future periods.

21



As of March 31, 2019, we derive 23.5% of our annualized rental income from our consolidated properties located in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market area, which includes Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland. A downturn in economic conditions in this area could result in reduced demand from tenants for our properties or reduce the rents that our tenants in this area are willing to pay when our leases expire or terminate and when renewal or new terms are negotiated. Additionally, in recent years there has been a decrease in demand for new leased space by the U.S. Government in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market area, and that could increase competition for government tenants and adversely affect our ability to retain government tenants when our leases expire.

Our manager, RMR LLC, employs a tenant review process for us. RMR LLC assesses tenants on an individual basis and does not employ a standardized set of credit criteria. In general, depending on facts and circumstances, RMR LLC evaluates the creditworthiness of a tenant based on information concerning the tenant that is provided by the tenant and, in some cases, information that is publicly available or obtained from third party sources. RMR LLC also often uses a third party service to monitor the credit ratings of debt securities of our existing tenants whose debt securities are rated by a nationally recognized credit rating agency. We consider investment grade tenants to include: (a) investment grade rated tenants; (b) tenants with investment grade rated parent entities that guarantee the tenant's lease obligations; and/or (c) tenants with investment grade rated parent entities that do not guarantee the tenant's lease obligations. As of March 31, 2019, tenants contributing 55.2% of annualized rental income were investment grade rated (or their payment obligations were guaranteed by an investment grade rated parent) and tenants contributing an additional 10.5% of annualized rental income were subsidiaries of an investment grade rated parent (although these parent entities are not liable for the payment of rents).


22


As of March 31, 2019, tenants representing 1% or more of our total annualized rental income were as follows:
 
Tenant
 
Credit Rating
 
Annualized Rental Income
 
% of Total Annualized Rental Income
1

U.S. Government
 
Investment Grade
 
$
171,965

 
25.8
%
2

State of California
 
Investment Grade
 
19,006

 
2.9
%
3

Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P.
 
Not Rated
 
18,854

 
2.8
%
4

Bank of America Corporation
 
Investment Grade
 
16,596

 
2.5
%
5

F5 Networks, Inc.
 
Not Rated
 
14,416

 
2.2
%
6

Noble Energy, Inc.
 
Investment Grade
 
14,149

 
2.1
%
7

Andeavor
 
Investment Grade
 
14,141

 
2.1
%
8

WestRock Co.
 
Investment Grade
 
12,807

 
1.9
%
9

CareFirst Inc.
 
Non Investment Grade
 
11,355

 
1.7
%
10

Northrop Grumman Corporation
 
Investment Grade
 
11,346

 
1.7
%
11

Tyson Foods, Inc.
 
Investment Grade
 
10,253

 
1.5
%
12

Technicolor SA    
 
Non Investment Grade
 
10,034

 
1.5
%
13

Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 
Investment Grade
 
9,693

 
1.5
%
14

Micro Focus International plc
 
Non Investment Grade
 
8,710

 
1.3
%
15

ARRIS International plc
 
Non Investment Grade
 
7,931

 
1.2
%
16

PNC Bank
 
Investment Grade
 
6,959

 
1.1
%
17

State of Georgia
 
Investment Grade
 
6,776

 
1.0
%
18

ServiceNow, Inc.
 
Not Rated
 
6,335

 
1.0
%

Total
 

 
$
371,326

 
55.8
%

Disposition Activities
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we sold 35 buildings with 1.8 million rentable square feet for $268.5 million, in aggregate, excluding closing costs. Since April 1, 2019, we have entered into three separate agreements to sell three buildings with a combined 0.9 million rentable square feet for an aggregate purchase price of $28.4 million.

In addition, we are currently marketing an additional 30 buildings including certain properties acquired in the SIR Merger, containing approximately 4.4 million rentable square feet. We expect to have a substantial number of these dispositions under contract by mid-year 2019. Upon completion of our dispositions, we expect to turn our attention to accretively growing our property portfolio.We cannot be sure we will sell any properties we are marketing for prices in excess of their carrying values or otherwise. In addition, our pending sales are subject to conditions; accordingly, we cannot be sure that we will complete these sales or that these sales will not be delayed or their terms will not change.

For more information about our disposition activities, please see Note 4 to the Notes to condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Financing Activities

In February 2019, we repaid the remaining principal balance outstanding of $88 million on our unsecured term loan due in 2022 without penalty. In March 2019, we repaid $65 million on our unsecured term loan due in 2020 using proceeds from the sale of a property. During the quarter we repaid $95 million on our revolving credit facility using proceeds from the sale of properties.

In March 2019, we repaid at maturity, at par plus accrued interest, a mortgage note secured by one property with an outstanding principal balance of $7.9 million using cash on hand.

Segment Information

We operate in one business segment: ownership of real estate properties.     



23


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019, Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquired Properties
 
Disposed Properties
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Results (2)
 
Results (3) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comparable Properties Results (1)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
Consolidated Results
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
March 31,
 
March 31,
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
 
%  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
 
%  
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Change
Rental income
 
$
87,842

 
$
89,723

 
$
(1,881
)
 
(2.1
%)
 
$
81,097

 
$

 
$
5,838

 
$
18,994

 
$
174,777

 
$
108,717

 
$
66,060

 
60.8
%
Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Real estate taxes
 
10,318

 
10,718

 
(400
)
 
(3.7
%)
 
7,522

 

 
552

 
2,246

 
18,392

 
12,964

 
5,428

 
41.9
%
Utility expenses
 
6,123

 
5,960

 
163

 
2.7
%
 
2,971

 

 
287

 
730

 
9,381

 
6,690

 
2,691

 
40.2
%
Other operating expenses
 
18,959

 
18,932

 
27

 
0.1
%
 
10,081

 

 
1,096

 
3,905

 
30,136

 
22,837

 
7,299

 
32.0
%
Total operating expenses
 
35,400

 
35,610

 
(210
)
 
(0.6
%)
 
20,574

 

 
1,935

 
6,881

 
57,909

 
42,491

 
15,418

 
36.3
%
Net operating income (4)
 
$
52,442

 
$
54,113

 
$
(1,671
)
 
(3.1
%)
 
$
60,523

 
$

 
$
3,903

 
$
12,113

 
116,868

 
66,226

 
50,642

 
76.5
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
77,521

 
44,204

 
33,317

 
75.4
%
Loss on impairment of real estate
 
3,204

 
6,116

 
(2,912
)
 
(47.6
%)
Acquisition and transaction related costs
 
584

 

 
584

 
nm

General and administrative
 
8,723

 
9,606

 
(883
)
 
(9.2
%)
Total other expenses
 
90,032

 
59,926

 
30,106

 
50.2
%
Gain on sale of real restate
 
22,092

 

 
22,092

 
nm

Dividend income
 
980

 
304

 
676

 
222.4 %

Unrealized gain on equity securities
 
22,128

 
12,931

 
9,197

 
71.1
%
Interest income
 
248

 
116

 
132

 
113.8
%
Interest expense
 
(37,133
)
 
(22,766
)
 
(14,367
)
 
63.1
%
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 
(414
)
 

 
(414
)
 
nm

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income tax expense and equity in net losses of investees
 
34,737

 
(3,115
)
 
37,852

 
nm

Income tax expense
 
(483
)
 
(32
)
 
(451
)
 
nm

Equity in net losses of investees
 
(235
)
 
(577
)
 
342

 
(59.3
%)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
34,019

 
(3,724
)
 
37,743

 
nm

Income from discontinued operations
 

 
10,289

 
(10,289
)
 
(100.0
%)
Net income
 
34,019

 
6,565

 
27,454

 
nm

Preferred units of limited partnership distributions
 

 
(278
)
 
278

 
(100.0
%)
Net income available for common shareholders
 
$
34,019

 
$
6,287

 
$
27,732

 
nm

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)
 
48,031

 
24,760

 
23,271

 
94.0
%
Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)
 
48,046

 
24,760

 
23,286

 
94.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per common share amounts (basic and diluted):
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
0.71

 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
0.87

 
(543.8
%)
Income from discontinued operations
 
$

 
$
0.42

 
$
(0.42
)
 
(100.0
%)
Net income available for common shareholders
 
$
0.71

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.46

 
184.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Comparable properties consist of 113 buildings we owned on March 31, 2019 and which we owned continuously since January 1, 2018.
(2)
Acquired properties consist of 99 buildings we acquired since January 1, 2018 and which we owned as of March 31, 2019. On December 31, 2018, we acquired these buildings in connection with the SIR Merger.
(3)
Disposed properties consist of 34 buildings which we sold in February 2019, one building which we sold in March 2019 and 19 buildings we sold during 2018.
(4)
Our definition of Consolidated Property NOI and our reconciliation of net income to Consolidated Property NOI are included below under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

We refer to the 113 buildings we owned on March 31, 2019 and which we have owned continuously since January 1, 2018 as comparable properties. We refer to the 99 buildings we acquired during the period from January 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019 as the acquired properties. We refer to the 54 buildings we sold during the period from January 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019 as the disposed properties.
 
Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 include the operating results of the acquired properties for the entire period, as we acquired those properties on December 31, 2018 in connection with the SIR Merger and include the operating results of the disposed properties for less than the entire period, as we sold those properties during the 2019 period. Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 exclude the operating results of the acquired properties for the entire period, as we acquired

24


those properties after March 31, 2018 and include the operating results of 53 of the disposed properties for the entire period as we sold those properties after March 31, 2018 and the operating results of one disposed property for less than the entire period as we sold this property during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
 
References to changes in the income and expense categories below relate to the comparison of consolidated results for the three month period ended March 31, 2019, compared to the three month period ended March 31, 2018.
 
Rental income. The increase in rental income reflects an increase in rental income associated with the acquired properties, partially offset by a decrease in rental income from the comparable properties and the disposed properties. Rental income for comparable properties declined $1,881 primarily due to reductions in occupied space at certain of our properties in the 2019 period. Rental income increased $81,097 as a result of the acquired properties. Rental income declined $13,156 as a result of the disposed properties. Rental income includes non-cash straight line rent adjustments totaling $6,794 in the 2019 period and $3,091 in the 2018 period, and amortization of acquired leases and assumed lease obligations totaling $1,147 in the 2019 period and $835 in the 2018 period.
 
Real estate taxes. The increase in real estate taxes reflects an increase in real estate taxes associated with the acquired properties, partially offset by a decrease in real estate taxes for the comparable properties and the disposed properties. Real estate taxes for comparable properties declined $400 due primarily to the effect of a lower real estate tax valuation assessment at one property. Real estate taxes increased $7,522 as a result of the acquired properties. Real estate taxes declined $1,694 as a result of the disposed properties.
 
Utility expenses. The increase in utility expenses reflects an increase in utility expenses associated with the acquired properties and for the comparable properties, partially offset by a decrease in utility expenses for the disposed properties. Utility expenses at comparable properties increased $163 primarily due to an increase in electricity and gas usage and rates at certain of our properties during the 2019 period. Utility expenses increased $2,971 as a result of the acquired properties. Utility expenses declined $443 as a result of the disposed properties.
 
Other operating expenses. Other operating expenses consist of salaries and benefit costs of property level personnel, repairs and maintenance expense, cleaning expense, other direct costs of operating our properties and property management fees. The increase in other operating expenses reflects an increase in other operating expenses associated with the acquired properties, partially offset by a decrease in other operating expenses at the disposed properties. Other operating expenses increased $10,081