10-Q 1 x111017810q.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _______________________to____________________________


Commission File No. 000-53591

Ridgewood Energy X Fund, LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
26-0870318
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

14 Philips Parkway, Montvale, NJ  07645
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

(800) 942-5550
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
      Yes ☒    No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes ☒     No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).  Yes ☐    No ☒

As of November 7, 2017 there were 477.8874 shares of LLC Membership Interest outstanding.
 

 

 
Table of Contents

 
PAGE
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
1
    1
    2
    3
    4
Item 2.
8
Item 3.
14
Item 4.
14
   
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
15
Item 1A.
15
Item 2.
15
Item 3.
15
Item 4.
15
Item 5.
15
Item 6.
15
     
  16
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

RIDGEWOOD ENERGY X FUND, LLC
UNAUDITED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)


     
 
September 30, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
 
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
7,817
   
$
7,337
 
Salvage fund
   
211
     
664
 
Production receivable
   
546
     
419
 
Other current assets
   
54
     
108
 
Total current assets
   
8,628
     
8,528
 
Salvage fund
   
3,222
     
2,881
 
Investment in Delta House
   
119
     
119
 
Oil and gas properties:
               
Proved properties
   
16,969
     
17,031
 
Less:  accumulated depletion and amortization
   
(11,885
)
   
(10,541
)
Total oil and gas properties, net
   
5,084
     
6,490
 
Total assets
 
$
17,053
   
$
18,018
 
 
               
Liabilities And Members' Capital
               
Current liabilities:
               
Due to operators
 
$
262
   
$
348
 
Accrued expenses
   
82
     
82
 
Asset retirement obligations
   
211
     
664
 
Total current liabilities
   
555
     
1,094
 
Asset retirement obligations
   
1,365
     
1,373
 
Total liabilities
   
1,920
     
2,467
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 3)
               
Members' capital:
               
Manager:
               
Distributions
   
(5,383
)
   
(5,066
)
Retained earnings
   
4,510
     
4,106
 
Manager's total
   
(873
)
   
(960
)
Shareholders:
               
Capital contributions (500 shares authorized;
               
477.8874 issued and outstanding)
   
94,698
     
94,698
 
Syndication costs
   
(11,080
)
   
(11,080
)
Distributions
   
(32,680
)
   
(30,884
)
Accumulated deficit
   
(34,932
)
   
(36,223
)
Shareholders' total
   
16,006
     
16,511
 
Total members' capital
   
15,133
     
15,551
 
Total liabilities and members' capital
 
$
17,053
   
$
18,018
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
 
RIDGEWOOD ENERGY X FUND, LLC
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)


   
 
Three months ended September 30,
   
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
Revenue
                       
Oil and gas revenue
 
$
1,582
   
$
1,421
   
$
4,914
   
$
3,734
 
Expenses
                               
Depletion and amortization
   
441
     
514
     
1,028
     
1,761
 
Management fees to affiliate (Note 2)
   
266
     
270
     
800
     
812
 
Operating expenses
   
396
     
625
     
1,288
     
2,200
 
General and administrative expenses
   
43
     
42
     
132
     
114
 
Total expenses
   
1,146
     
1,451
     
3,248
     
4,887
 
Income (loss) from operations
   
436
     
(30
)
   
1,666
     
(1,153
)
Other income (loss)
                               
Loss on investment in Delta House
   
-
     
(110
)
   
-
     
(110
)
Dividend income
   
7
     
58
     
19
     
181
 
Interest income
   
4
     
2
     
10
     
6
 
Total other income (loss)
   
11
     
(50
)
   
29
     
77
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
447
   
$
(80
)
 
$
1,695
   
$
(1,076
)
 
                               
Manager Interest
                               
Net income
 
$
131
   
$
75
   
$
404
   
$
97
 
 
                               
Shareholder Interest
                               
Net income (loss)
 
$
316
   
$
(155
)
 
$
1,291
   
$
(1,173
)
Net income (loss) per share
 
$
662
   
$
(325
)
 
$
2,702
   
$
(2,454
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
 
RIDGEWOOD ENERGY X FUND, LLC
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)

    
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
 
           
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net income (loss)
 
$
1,695
   
$
(1,076
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash
               
provided by operating activities:
               
Depletion and amortization
   
1,028
     
1,761
 
Accretion expense
   
49
     
-
 
Loss on investment in Delta House
   
-
     
110
 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
               
Increase in production receivable
   
(127
)
   
(128
)
Decrease (increase) in other current assets
   
54
     
(22
)
(Decrease) increase in due to operators
   
(86
)
   
26
 
Increase in accrued expenses
   
-
     
13
 
Settlement of asset retirement obligation
   
(205
)
   
-
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
2,408
     
684
 
 
               
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Credits for oil and gas properties
   
73
     
11
 
Decrease (increase) in salvage fund
   
112
     
(202
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
185
     
(191
)
 
               
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Distributions
   
(2,113
)
   
(469
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(2,113
)
   
(469
)
 
               
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
480
     
24
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
7,337
     
6,950
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
7,817
   
$
6,974
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.
 
 
RIDGEWOOD ENERGY X FUND, LLC
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.
Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Organization
The Ridgewood Energy X Fund, LLC (the “Fund”), a Delaware limited liability company, was formed on August 30, 2007 and operates pursuant to a limited liability company agreement (the “LLC Agreement”) dated as of January 2, 2008 by and among Ridgewood Energy Corporation (the “Manager”) and the shareholders of the Fund, which addresses matters such as the authority and voting rights of the Manager and shareholders, capitalization, transferability of membership interests, participation in costs and revenues, distribution of assets and dissolution and winding up.  The Fund was organized to primarily acquire interests in oil and gas properties located in the United States offshore waters of Texas, Louisiana and Alabama in the Gulf of Mexico.

The Manager has direct and exclusive control over the management of the Fund’s operations.  The Manager performs, or arranges for the performance of, the management, advisory and administrative services required for Fund operations.  Such services include, without limitation, the administration of shareholder accounts, shareholder relations, the preparation, review and dissemination of tax and other financial information and the management of the Fund’s investments in projects.  In addition, the Manager provides office space, equipment and facilities and other services necessary for Fund operations.  The Manager also engages and manages contractual relations with unaffiliated custodians, depositories, accountants, attorneys, corporate fiduciaries, insurers, banks and others as required. See Notes 2 and 3.

Basis of Presentation
These unaudited interim condensed financial statements have been prepared by the Fund’s management in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in the opinion of management, contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the Fund’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.  Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been omitted in these unaudited interim condensed financial statements.  The results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the periods presented herein are not necessarily indicative of future financial results.  These unaudited interim condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Fund’s December 31, 2016 financial statements and notes thereto included in the Fund’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (“2016 Annual Report”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  The year-end condensed balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, but does not include all annual disclosures required by GAAP.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, the Manager reviews its estimates, including those related to the fair value of financial instruments, depletion and amortization, determination of proved reserves, impairment of long-lived assets and asset retirement obligations. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Fund has provided discussion of significant accounting policies in Note 1 of “Notes to Financial Statements” – “Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” contained in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” within its 2016 Annual Report. There have been no significant changes to the Fund’s significant accounting policies during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

Investment in Delta House
The Fund has investments in Delta House Oil and Gas Lateral, LLC and Delta House FPS, LLC (collectively “Delta House”), legal entities that own interests in a deepwater floating production system operated by LLOG Exploration Company. The Fund accounts for its investment in Delta House using the cost method of accounting for investments as it does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over such investment.  Under the cost method, the Fund recognizes an investment in the equity of an investee at cost.   The Fund reviews its cost method investment for impairment at each reporting period and when an event or change in circumstances has occurred that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment. Losses on cost method investments including impairments that are deemed to be other than temporary are classified as non-operating losses in the Fund’s statements of operations. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, there were no such events or changes in circumstances that indicate that the Fund’s investment in Delta House is impaired.
 
 
As of September 30, 2016, the Fund invested a total of $0.6 million in Delta House and had received and recorded dividends totaling $0.3 million. During third quarter 2016, the Fund received an offer from a third party for the purchase of approximately 74% of its investment for $0.3 million in cash. The transaction closed pursuant to a unit purchase agreement with D-Day Offshore Holdings, LLC dated October 31, 2016. Certain other funds managed by the Manager were also parties to this unit purchase agreement. The Fund adjusted the carrying value of its investment in Delta House in third quarter 2016 to fair value, which was determined based on the third party sale and recorded a loss on investment during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $0.1 million. The loss was included on the Fund’s statement of operations within “Loss on investment in Delta House”. There was no such amount recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.  Inputs used to estimate fair value of the investment in Delta House are categorized as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.

Asset Retirement Obligations
For oil and gas properties, there are obligations to perform removal and remediation activities when the properties are retired. Upon the determination that a property is either proved or dry, a retirement obligation is incurred. The Fund recognizes the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation in the period incurred.  Plug and abandonment costs associated with unsuccessful projects are expensed as dry-hole costs.  At least bi-annually, or more frequently if an event occurs that would dictate a change in assumptions or estimates underlying the obligations, the Fund reassesses its asset retirement obligations to determine whether any revisions to the obligations are necessary.  The following table presents changes in asset retirement obligations during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

 
 
2017
   
2016
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
2,037
   
$
2,525
 
Liabilities settled
   
(205
)
   
-
 
Accretion expense
   
49
     
-
 
Revision of estimates
   
(305
)
   
-
 
Balance, end of period
 
$
1,576
   
$
2,525
 
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Fund recorded credits to depletion expense totaling $0.3 million related to an adjustment to the asset retirement obligation for a fully depleted property. The Fund maintains a salvage fund to provide for the funding of asset retirement obligations.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Fund reviews the carrying value of its oil and gas properties annually and when management determines that events and circumstances indicate that the recorded carrying value of properties may not be recoverable.  Impairments are determined by comparing estimated future net undiscounted cash flows to the carrying value at the time of the review.  If the carrying value exceeds the estimated future net undiscounted cash flows, the carrying value of the asset is written down to fair value, which is determined using estimated future net discounted cash flows from the asset.  The fair value determinations require considerable judgment and are sensitive to change.  Different pricing assumptions, reserve estimates or discount rates could result in a different calculated impairment.  Given the volatility of oil and natural gas prices, it is reasonably possible that the Fund’s estimate of future net discounted cash flows from proved oil and natural gas reserves could change in the near term.

Fluctuations in oil and natural gas prices may impact the fair value of the Fund’s oil and gas properties. If oil and natural gas prices decline, even if only for a short period of time, it is possible that impairments of oil and gas properties will occur.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued accounting guidance that requires, among other things, companies to measure investments in other entities, except those accounted for under the equity method, at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value in net income unless an election is made to record the investment at cost, less impairment and plus or minus subsequent adjustments for observable price changes with change in basis reported in current earnings. This pronouncement is effective for the Fund in the first quarter of 2018. Early adoption is not permitted.  The Fund does not expect the accounting guidance will have a material impact on its financial statements upon adoption.
 
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued accounting guidance on revenue recognition, which provides for a single five-step model to be applied to all revenue contracts with customers. In July 2015, the FASB issued a deferral of the effective date of the guidance to 2018, with early adoption permitted in 2017. In March 2016, the FASB issued accounting guidance, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations in the new revenue recognition standard. In April 2016, the FASB issued guidance on identifying performance obligations and licensing and in May 2016, the FASB issued final amendments which provided narrow scope improvements and practical expedients related to the implementation of the guidance.  The accounting guidance may be applied either retrospectively or through the use of a modified-retrospective method. The Fund has substantially completed the evaluation of the accounting guidance and currently expects the adoption of the accounting guidance will not have a material impact on the Fund’s financial statements. Under the new accounting guidance, the revenue associated with the Fund’s existing contracts will be recognized in the period that control of the related commodity is transferred to the customer, which is generally consistent with its current revenue recognition model. The Fund will adopt the new accounting guidance using the modified retrospective method at the date of adoption, which is January 1, 2018.  Although the Fund has not identified changes to its revenue recognition that would result in a material cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings on January 1, 2018, the Fund expects the adoption of the accounting guidance will result in enhanced disclosures related to revenue recognition policies, the Fund’s performance obligations and significant judgments used in applying the new revenue recognition accounting guidance.
 
2.
Related Parties

Pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, the Manager is entitled to an annual management fee, payable monthly, of 2.5% of total capital contributions, net of cumulative dry-hole and related well costs incurred by the Fund.  In addition, pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, the Manager is also permitted to waive the management fee at its own discretion. Such fee may be temporarily waived to accommodate the Fund’s short-term capital commitments.  Management fees during each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 were $0.3 million and $0.8 million, respectively.

The Manager is also entitled to receive a 15% interest in cash distributions from operations made by the Fund. Distributions paid to the Manager during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Distributions paid to the Manager during each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 were $0.1 million.

In 2016, the Fund entered into a master agreement with DH Sales and Transport, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Manager, to facilitate the transportation and sale of oil and natural gas produced from the Diller and Marmalard projects. The Fund has provided discussion of this agreement in Note 2 of “Notes to Financial Statements” – “Related Parties” contained in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” within its 2016 Annual Report.

At times, short-term payables and receivables, which do not bear interest, arise from transactions with affiliates in the ordinary course of business.

The Fund has working interest ownership in certain projects to acquire and develop oil and natural gas projects, which are also owned by other entities that are likewise managed by the Manager.

3.
Commitments and Contingencies

Capital Commitments
As of September 30, 2017, the Fund’s estimated capital commitments related to its oil and gas properties were $5.6 million (which include asset retirement obligations for the Fund’s projects of $2.8 million), of which $0.2 million is expected to be spent during the next twelve months.
 
 
Based upon its current cash position and its current reserve estimates, the Fund expects cash flow from operations to be sufficient to cover its commitments and ongoing operations. Reserve estimates are projections based on engineering data that cannot be measured with precision, require substantial judgment, and are subject to frequent revision.

Environmental and Governmental Regulations
Many aspects of the oil and gas industry are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. The Manager and operators of the Fund’s properties are continually taking action they believe appropriate to satisfy applicable federal, state and local environmental regulations. However, due to the significant public and governmental interest in environmental matters related to those activities, the Manager cannot predict the effects of possible future legislation, rule changes, or governmental or private claims. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were no known environmental contingencies that required adjustment to, or disclosure in, the Fund’s financial statements.

Oil and gas industry legislation and administrative regulations are periodically changed for a variety of political, economic, and other reasons. Any such future laws and regulations could result in increased compliance costs or additional operating restrictions, which could have a material adverse effect on the Fund’s operating results and cash flows. It is not possible at this time to predict whether such legislation or regulation, if proposed, will be adopted as initially written, if at all, or how legislation or new regulation that may be adopted would impact the Fund’s business.

BOEM Notice to Lessees on Supplemental Bonding
On July 14, 2016, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (“BOEM”) issued a Notice to Lessees (“NTL”) that discontinued and materially replaced existing policies and procedures regarding financial security (i.e. supplemental bonding) for decommissioning obligations of lessees of federal oil and gas leases and owners of pipeline rights-of-way, rights-of use and easements on the Outer Continental Shelf (“Lessees”).  Generally, the new NTL (i) ended the practice of excusing Lessees from providing such additional security where co-lessees had sufficient financial strength to meet such decommissioning obligations, (ii) established new criteria for determining financial strength and additional security requirements of such Lessees,  (iii) provided acceptable forms of such additional security and (iv) replaced the waiver system with one of self-insurance.  The new rule became effective as of September 12, 2016; however on January 6, 2017, the BOEM announced that it was suspending the implementation timeline for six months in certain circumstances.  On June 22, 2017, the BOEM announced that the implementation timeline extension will remain in effect pending the completion of its review of the new NTL. The Fund, as well as other industry participants, are working with the BOEM, its operators and working interest partners to determine and agree upon the correct level of decommissioning obligations to which they may be liable and the manner in which such obligations will be secured.  The impact of the NTL, if enforced without change or amendment, may require the Fund to fully secure all of its potential abandonment liabilities to the BOEM’s satisfaction using one or more of the enumerated methods for doing so.  Potentially this could increase costs to the Fund if the Fund is required to obtain additional supplemental bonding, fund escrow accounts or obtain letters of credit.

Insurance Coverage
The Fund is subject to all risks inherent in the oil and natural gas business. Insurance coverage as is customary for entities engaged in similar operations is maintained, but losses may occur from uninsurable risks or amounts in excess of existing insurance coverage.  The occurrence of an event that is not insured or not fully insured could have a material adverse impact upon earnings and financial position.  Moreover, insurance is obtained as a package covering all of the funds managed by the Manager.  Depending on the extent, nature and payment of claims made by the Fund or other funds managed by the Manager, yearly insurance coverage may be exhausted and become insufficient to cover a claim by the Fund in a given year.
 
 
ITEM 2.          MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Quarterly Report”) and the documents Ridgewood Energy X Fund, LLC (the “Fund”) has incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to the Fund’s business plans, strategies, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are based on current expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. You are therefore cautioned against relying on any such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can generally be identified by words such as “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “strategy,” “plan,” “target,” “pursue,” “may,” “will,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions and references to future periods.  Examples of events that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or those anticipated include weather conditions, such as hurricanes, changes in market and other conditions affecting the pricing, production and demand of oil and natural gas, the cost and availability of equipment, and changes in domestic and foreign governmental regulations.  Examples of forward-looking statements made herein include statements regarding projects, investments, insurance, capital expenditures and liquidity.  Forward-looking statements made in this document speak only as of the date on which they are made.  The Fund undertakes no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

There were no changes to the Fund’s critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

Overview of the Fund’s Business

The Fund was organized primarily to acquire interests in oil and natural gas properties located in the United States offshore waters of Texas, Louisiana and Alabama in the Gulf of Mexico.  The Fund’s primary investment objective is to generate cash flow for distribution to its shareholders by generating returns across a portfolio of oil and natural gas projects. Distributions to shareholders are made in accordance with the Fund’s limited liability company agreement (the “LLC Agreement”).

Ridgewood Energy Corporation (the “Manager”) is the Manager, and as such, has direct and exclusive control over the management of the Fund’s operations.  The Manager performs or arranges for the performance of, the management, advisory and administrative services required for the Fund’s operations.  As compensation for its services, the Manager is entitled to an annual management fee, payable monthly, equal to 2.5% of the total capital contributions made by the Fund’s shareholders, net of cumulative dry-hole and related well costs incurred by the Fund.  The Fund does not currently, nor is there any plan to, operate any project in which the Fund participates.  The Manager enters into operating agreements with third-party operators for the management of all exploration, development and producing operations, as appropriate.  The Manager also participates in distributions.

Commodity Price Changes
Changes in commodity prices may significantly affect liquidity and expected operating results.  Declines in oil and gas prices not only reduce revenues and profits, but could also reduce the quantities of reserves that are commercially recoverable.  Significant declines in prices could result in non-cash charges to earnings due to impairment.

Oil and natural gas commodity prices have been subject to significant fluctuations during the past several years. The Fund anticipates price cyclicality in its planning and believes it is well positioned to withstand price volatility. The Fund continues to conserve cash to complete the ongoing development of the Diller and Marmalard projects as budgeted. See “Results of Operations” under this Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Quarterly Report for more information on the average oil and natural gas prices received by the Fund during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the effect of such average prices on the Fund’s results of operations.  If oil and natural gas commodity prices decline, even if only for a short period of time, the Fund’s results of operations and liquidity will be adversely impacted.
 
 
Market pricing for oil and natural gas is volatile, and is likely to continue to be volatile in the future.  This volatility is caused by numerous factors and market conditions that the Fund cannot control or influence. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the future price of oil and natural gas with any certainty.  Factors affecting market pricing for oil and natural gas include:

·
weather conditions;
·
economic conditions, including demand for petroleum-based products;
·
actions by OPEC, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries;
·
political instability in the Middle East and other major oil and gas producing regions;
·
governmental regulations, both domestic and foreign;
·
domestic and foreign tax policy;
·
the pace adopted by foreign governments for the exploration, development, and production of their national reserves;
·
the supply and price of foreign oil and gas;
·
the cost of exploring for, producing and delivering oil and gas;
·
the discovery rate of new oil and gas reserves;
·
the rate of decline of existing and new oil and gas reserves;
·
available pipeline and other oil and gas transportation capacity;
·
the ability of oil and gas companies to raise capital;
·
the overall supply and demand for oil and gas; and
·
the price and availability of alternate fuel sources.
 
 
Business Update
 
Information regarding the Fund’s current projects, all of which are located in the offshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico, is provided in the following table.  See “Liquidity Needs” under this Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Quarterly Report for information regarding the funding of the Fund’s capital commitments.

 
       
Total Spent
   
Total
 
 
  
 
Working
   
through
   
Fund
 
 
Project
 
Interest
   
September 30, 2017
   
Budget
 
Status
 
       
(in thousands)
 
 
Producing Properties
                 
    
Diller Project
   
0.88
%
 
$
2,770
   
$
3,865
 
The Diller Project is expected to include the development of two wells.  Well #1 commenced production in 2015.  Well #2 is expected to commence production in 2019. Well #1, which  was shut-in in late-2016 due to well hydrate remediation work, resumed production in mid-January 2017. The Fund expects to spend $0.7 million for additional development costs and $0.4 million for asset retirement obligations.
Liberty Project
   
5.0
%
 
$
7,510
   
$
8,612
 
The Liberty Project, a single-well project, commenced production in 2010.  After various shut-ins in late-2015 and early-2016, due to third-party facilities' repair and maintenance activities, the well resumed production in early-May 2016.  The well was shut-in again in late-June 2017 due to gas dehydration unit work, resuming production in late-September 2017. The operator is currently flowing the well's current zone together with the behind-pipe zone at no cost to the Fund.  The Fund expects to spend $1.1 million for asset retirement obligations.
Marmalard Project
   
0.88
%
 
$
5,552
   
$
8,753
 
The Marmalard Project is expected to include the development of six wells.  Four wells commenced production in 2015.  Additional wells are expected to commence production in 2019 and 2020.  The Fund expects to spend $2.1 million for additional development costs and $1.1 million for asset retirement obligations.
 
 
Results of Operations

The following table summarizes the Fund’s results of operations during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, and should be read in conjunction with the Fund’s financial statements and notes thereto included within Item 1.  “Financial Statements” in Part I of this Quarterly Report.

   
 
Three months ended September 30,
   
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
   
 
(in thousands)
 
Revenue
                       
Oil and gas revenue
 
$
1,582
   
$
1,421
   
$
4,914
   
$
3,734
 
Expenses
                               
Depletion and amortization
   
441
     
514
     
1,028
     
1,761
 
Management fees to affiliate
   
266
     
270
     
800
     
812
 
Operating expenses
   
396
     
625
     
1,288
     
2,200
 
General and administrative expenses
   
43
     
42
     
132
     
114
 
Total expenses
   
1,146
     
1,451
     
3,248
     
4,887
 
Income (loss) from operations
   
436
     
(30
)
   
1,666
     
(1,153
)
Other income (loss)
                               
Loss on investment in Delta House
   
-
     
(110
)
   
-
     
(110
)
Dividend income
   
7
     
58
     
19
     
181
 
Interest income
   
4
     
2
     
10
     
6
 
Total other income (loss)
   
11
     
(50
)
   
29
     
77
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
447
   
$
(80
)
 
$
1,695
   
$
(1,076
)

Overview.  The following table provides information related to the Fund’s oil and gas production and oil and gas revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.  Natural gas liquid (“NGL”) sales are included within gas sales.

 
 
Three months ended September 30,
   
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
Number of wells producing
   
6
     
6
     
6
     
6
 
Total number of production days
   
469
     
472
     
1,441
     
1,372
 
Oil sales (in thousands of barrels)
   
27
     
29
     
85
     
82
 
Average oil price per barrel
 
$
49
   
$
43
   
$
50
   
$
39
 
Gas sales (in thousands of mcfs)
   
70
     
67
     
219
     
201
 
Average gas price per mcf
 
$
3.41
   
$
2.58
   
$
3.16
   
$
2.25
 

The increases noted in the above table were primarily related to the Diller Project, which was shut-in in late 2016, partially offset by the Liberty Project, which was shut-in during the majority of third quarter 2017.  In addition, the increases in gas sales were also attributable to the Marmalard Project, which did not produce NGLs during the third quarter of 2016 due to third-party facilities’ repair and maintenance activities.  See additional discussion in “Business Update” section above.

Oil and Gas Revenue.  Generally, the Fund sells oil, gas and NGLs under two types of agreements, which are common in the oil and gas industry. In a netback agreement, the Fund receives a price, net of transportation expense incurred by the purchaser, and the Fund records revenue at the net price received. In the second type of agreement, the Fund pays transportation expense directly, and transportation expense is included within operating expenses in the statements of operations.

Oil and gas revenue during the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $1.6 million, an increase of $0.2 million from the three months ended September 30, 2016.  The increase was primarily attributable to increased oil and gas prices.

Oil and gas revenue during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $4.9 million, an increase of $1.2 million from the nine months ended September 30, 2016.  The increase was attributable to increased oil and gas prices totaling $1.1 million coupled with increased sales volume totaling $0.2 million.

See “Overview” above for factors that impact the oil and gas revenue volume and rate variances.
 
 
Depletion and Amortization.  Depletion and amortization during the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $0.4 million, a decrease of $0.1 million from the three months ended September 30, 2016.  The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in the average depletion rate.  The decrease in the average depletion rate was primarily attributable to the Liberty Project, which was shut-in during the majority of third quarter 2017.
 
Depletion and amortization during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $1.0 million, a decrease of $0.7 million from the nine months ended September 30, 2016.  The decrease was attributable to a decrease in the average depletion rate totaling $0.5 million coupled with an adjustment to the asset retirement obligation related to a fully depleted property totaling $0.3 million, partially offset by an increase in production volumes totaling $0.1 million.  The decrease in the average depletion rate was primarily attributable to the lower cost of reserves from the Diller and Marmalard projects.
 
See “Overview” above for certain factors that impact the depletion and amortization volume and rate variances.  Depletion and amortization rates may also be impacted by changes in reserve estimates provided annually by the Fund’s independent petroleum engineers.
 
Management Fees to Affiliate.  An annual management fee, totaling 2.5% of total capital contributions, net of cumulative dry-hole and related well costs incurred by the Fund, is paid monthly to the Manager. Such fee may be temporarily waived by the Manager to accommodate the Fund’s short-term capital commitments.

Operating Expenses.  Operating expenses represent costs specifically identifiable or allocable to the Fund’s wells, as detailed in the following table.

 
 
Three months ended September 30,
   
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
   
2017
   
2016
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Lease operating expense
 
$
277
   
$
516
   
$
812
   
$
1,896
 
Transportation and processing expense
   
96
     
82
     
309
     
251
 
Workover expense
   
(7
)
   
-
     
74
     
27
 
Insurance expense
   
12
     
23
     
42
     
42
 
Accretion expense and other
   
18
     
4
     
51
     
(16
)
 
 
$
396
   
$
625
   
$
1,288
   
$
2,200
 

Lease operating expense and transportation and processing expense relates to the Fund’s producing properties. Workover expense, which represents costs to restore or stimulate production of existing reserves, primarily relates to the Diller and Marmalard projects. Insurance expense represents premiums related to the Fund’s properties, which vary depending upon the number of wells producing or drilling.  Accretion expense relates to the asset retirement obligations established for the Fund’s proved properties.
 
The average production cost, which includes lease operating expense, transportation and processing expense and insurance expense, was $9.90 per barrel of oil equivalent (“BOE”) and $9.60 per BOE during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, compared to $15.56 per BOE and $19.01 per BOE during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.  The decreases were primarily attributable to the Diller and Marmalard projects, which had lower cost per BOE in 2017 as a result of a reduction in production handling fees from $15.50 per BOE to $4.50 per BOE effective December 2016. The production handling fees for the Diller and Marmalard projects decline over time as certain production hurdles are met in accordance with their production handling agreement relating to the Delta House production facility.
 
General and Administrative Expenses.  General and administrative expenses represent costs specifically identifiable or allocable to the Fund, such as accounting and professional fees and insurance expenses.

Loss on Investment in Delta House. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Fund recognized a loss on investment of $0.1 million related to its investment in Delta House.  See Note 1 of “Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements” - “Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” contained in Item 1. “Financial Statements” within Part I of this Quarterly Report for more information regarding the Investment in Delta House. There were no such amounts recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017.
 
 
Dividend Income.  Dividend income is related to the Fund’s investment in Delta House.
 
Interest Income.  Interest income is comprised of interest earned on cash and cash equivalents and salvage fund.

Capital Resources and Liquidity

Operating Cash Flows
Cash flows provided by operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $2.4 million, related to revenue received of $4.8 million, partially offset by operating expenses of $1.3 million, management fees of $0.8 million, the settlement of an asset retirement obligation of $0.2 million and general and administrative expenses of $0.1 million.

Cash flows provided by operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 were $0.7 million, related to revenue received of $3.6 million and dividend income received of $0.2 million, partially offset by operating expenses of $2.2 million, management fees of $0.8 million and general and administrative expenses of $0.1 million.

Investing Cash Flows
Cash flows provided by investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $0.2 million, primarily related to proceeds from salvage fund.

Cash flows used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 were $0.2 million, primarily related to investments in salvage fund.

Financing Cash Flows
Cash flows used in financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $2.1 million, related to manager and shareholder distributions.

Cash flows used in financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 were $0.5 million, related to manager and shareholder distributions.

Estimated Capital Expenditures

Capital Commitments
The Fund has entered into multiple agreements for the acquisition, drilling and development of its oil and gas properties. The estimated capital expenditures associated with these agreements vary depending on the stage of development on a property-by-property basis.  See “Business Update” under this Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of this Quarterly Report for information regarding the Fund’s current projects. See “Liquidity Needs” below for additional information.

Capital expenditures for oil and gas properties have been funded with the capital raised by the Fund in its private placement offering.  The Fund’s remaining capital has been fully allocated to complete its projects. As a result, the Fund will not invest in any new projects and will limit its investment activities, if any, to those projects in which it currently has a working interest.

Liquidity Needs

The Fund’s primary short-term liquidity needs are to fund its operations and capital expenditures for its oil and gas properties.  Such needs are funded utilizing operating income and existing cash on-hand. 
 
As of September 30, 2017, the Fund’s estimated capital commitments related to its oil and gas properties were $5.6 million (which include asset retirement obligations for the Fund’s projects of $2.8 million), of which $0.2 million is expected to be spent during the next twelve months. Based upon its current cash position and its current reserve estimates, the Fund expects cash flow from operations to be sufficient to cover its commitments, as well as ongoing operations. Reserve estimates are projections based on engineering data that cannot be measured with precision, require substantial judgment, and are subject to frequent revision.
 
The Manager is entitled to an annual management fee from the Fund regardless of the Fund’s profitability in that year. However, pursuant to the terms of the LLC Agreement, the Manager is also permitted to waive the management fee at its own discretion.
 
 
Distributions, if any, are funded from available cash from operations, as defined in the LLC Agreement, and the frequency and amount are within the Manager’s discretion.  Due to the future capital required to develop the Diller and Marmalard projects, distributions may be impacted by amounts reserved to provide for their development costs and funding their estimated asset retirement obligations.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Fund had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 and does not anticipate the use of such arrangements in the future.

Contractual Obligations

The Fund enters into participation and joint operating agreements with operators.  On behalf of the Fund, an operator enters into various contractual commitments pertaining to exploration, development and production activities.  The Fund does not negotiate such contracts.  No contractual obligations exist as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, other than those discussed in “Estimated Capital Expenditures” above.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1 of “Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements” - “Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” contained in Item 1. “Financial Statements” within Part I of this Quarterly Report for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Not required.

ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
In accordance with Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Fund’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Fund’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Fund’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2017.

There has been no change in the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

None.

ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS

Not required.

ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None.

ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

None.

ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION

None.

ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
 
EXHIBIT
NUMBER
TITLE OF EXHIBIT
METHOD OF FILING
     
31.1
Filed herewith
     
31.2
Filed herewith
     
32
Filed herewith
     
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
Filed herewith
     
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
Filed herewith
     
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
Filed herewith
     
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
Filed herewith
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
Filed herewith
     
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
Filed herewith
 
 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


           
RIDGEWOOD ENERGY X FUND, LLC
 
Dated:
November 7, 2017
By:
/s/
   
ROBERT E. SWANSON
     
Name:
   
Robert E. Swanson
     
Title:
   
Chief Executive Officer
           
(Principal Executive Officer)
             
             
Dated:
November 7, 2017
By:
/s/
   
KATHLEEN P. MCSHERRY
     
Name:
   
Kathleen P. McSherry
     
Title:
   
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
           
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 
16