0001140361-19-019146.txt : 20191028 0001140361-19-019146.hdr.sgml : 20191028 20191028134756 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001140361-19-019146 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 8-K PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 14 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20191028 ITEM INFORMATION: Termination of a Material Definitive Agreement ITEM INFORMATION: Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets ITEM INFORMATION: Notice of Delisting or Failure to Satisfy a Continued Listing Rule or Standard; Transfer of Listing ITEM INFORMATION: Material Modifications to Rights of Security Holders ITEM INFORMATION: Changes in Control of Registrant ITEM INFORMATION: Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers: Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers ITEM INFORMATION: Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year ITEM INFORMATION: Financial Statements and Exhibits FILED AS OF DATE: 20191028 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20191028 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Medidata Solutions, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001453814 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SERVICES-PREPACKAGED SOFTWARE [7372] IRS NUMBER: 522319066 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 8-K SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-34387 FILM NUMBER: 191172368 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 350 HUDSON ST., 9TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10014 BUSINESS PHONE: 212.918.1800 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 350 HUDSON ST., 9TH FLOOR CITY: NEW YORK STATE: NY ZIP: 10014 8-K 1 form8k.htm 8-K

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported):  October 28, 2019

Medidata Solutions, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
001-34387
13-4066508
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
(Commission
  File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)

350 Hudson Street, 9th Floor
New York, New York
10014
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 


Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 918-1800

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:


Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d 2(b))

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common stock, par value $0.01
MDSO
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(Title of each class)
(Trading symbol)
(Name of each exchange on which registered)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       ☐



Introductory Note

This Current Report on Form 8-K is being filed in connection with the completion of the transactions contemplated by that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated June 11, 2019 (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among Dassault Systèmes SE, a societas Europaea (European company) organized under the laws of France (“Dassault Systèmes”), Dassault Systèmes Americas Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dassault Systèmes (“Parent”), 3DS Acquisition 6 Corp., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), and Medidata Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Medidata” or the “Company”).  On October 28, 2019, pursuant to the Merger Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub merged with and into Medidata (the “Merger”), with Medidata surviving the Merger and becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (Medidata, as the surviving corporation of the Merger, is sometimes referred to herein as the “Surviving Corporation”).

At the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”), subject to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, each share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Company Common Stock”), issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares of Company Common Stock that were owned by Parent or Medidata, or by any direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Parent, Merger Sub or Medidata, or held by a holder of record who did not vote in favor of adoption of the Merger Agreement or consent thereto in writing and who has properly and validly exercised appraisal rights of such shares of Company Common Stock in accordance with Section 262 of the Delaware General Corporation Law) was converted into the right to receive $92.25 in cash, without interest (the “Merger Consideration”), net of applicable withholding of taxes.

Parent acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Company Common Stock for $92.25 per share in cash, representing a total equity value of approximately $5.8 billion.

Prior to the Effective Time, Medidata’s executive officers and employees held various types of compensatory awards with respect to the Company Common Stock and Medidata’s non-employee directors held awards of restricted shares and stock options.  The Merger Agreement provided for the treatment with respect to such awards.  For additional information regarding the Merger Agreement’s treatment of these compensatory awards, please see Medidata’s definitive proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on July 19, 2019, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 1.02. Termination of a Material Definitive Agreement.

In connection with the completion of the Merger, on October 28, 2019, all outstanding obligations in respect of principal, interest and fees under that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 21, 2017 (as amended on December 10, 2018, the “Credit Agreement”), by and among Medidata, as borrower, the several lenders from time to time party thereto, and HSBC Bank USA, National Association, as administrative agent, were repaid and all commitments under the Credit Agreement were terminated.

Item 2.01. Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets.

The description contained under the Introductory Note above is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety into this Item 2.01.


The description of the effects of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, the full text of the Merger Agreement, which was filed as Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on June 13, 2019 and which is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 3.01. Notice of Delisting or Failure to Satisfy a Continued Listing Rule or Standard; Transfer of Listing.

The information set forth under the Introductory Note of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference in this Item 3.01.

On October 28, 2019, in connection with the completion of the Merger, Medidata notified the NASDAQ Global Select Market (“NASDAQ”) of the completion of the Merger and requested that NASDAQ delist the Company Common Stock and file with the SEC a notification of removal from listing on Form 25 to report that the Company Common Stock will no longer be listed on NASDAQ.  Trading of the Company Common Stock on NASDAQ will be suspended after closure of trading on October 28, 2019.

Medidata intends to file with the SEC a certification on Form 15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), requesting the termination of Medidata’s Section 12 registration and reporting obligations under Section 13 of the Exchange Act and the suspension of Medidata’s reporting obligations under Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act, in each case with respect to the Company Common Stock.

Item 3.03. Material Modification to Rights of Security Holders.

The information set forth under the Introductory Note of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference in this Item 3.03.

In connection with the Merger and at the Effective Time, holders of the Company Common Stock immediately prior to such time ceased to have any rights as stockholders in Medidata (other than their right to receive Merger Consideration pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement).

Item 5.01. Changes in Control of Registrant.

The information set forth under the Introductory Note of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference in this Item 5.01.

In connection with the Merger and at the Effective Time, a change of control of Medidata occurred and Merger Sub has been merged with and into Medidata, with Medidata continuing as the Surviving Corporation.

Item 5.02. Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.

In accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, and effective as of the Effective Time, each member of the board of directors of Medidata (the “Board”) resigned from the Board.  The members of the Board immediately prior to the Effective Time were Tarek A. Sherif, Glen M. de Vries, Carlos Dominguez, Neil M. Kurtz, George W. McCulloch, Maria Rivas, Lee A. Shapiro and Robert B. Taylor.


From and after the Effective Time, until the earlier of their resignation or removal or until successors are duly elected and qualified in accordance with applicable law, (i) the directors of Merger Sub at the Effective Time shall be the directors of the Surviving Corporation and (ii) except as noted in the following paragraph, the officers of Medidata at the Effective Time shall be the officers of the Surviving Corporation.

On October 25, 2019, the Company and Jill Larsen entered into a separation agreement relating to Ms. Larsen’s separation from the Company.  Under the terms of the separation agreement, Ms. Larsen will no longer serve as the Company’s Chief Human Resources Officer from the Effective Time of the Merger, but will remain employed with the Company and will then continue to provide advice and assistance as to transitional matters through December 31, 2019 or an earlier termination of employment (the “Separation Date”).

The separation agreement provides that Ms. Larsen will receive her existing base salary and will also continue to be eligible to participate in the Company’s medical, dental and vision insurance/benefit programs through the Separation Date.  Ms. Larsen will also be eligible to receive her 2019 target annual bonus of $208,000, accelerated vesting of previously awarded but unvested equity awards outstanding at the Effective Time and a payment of $30,516, which is the value of the cost of her COBRA premiums from December 31, 2019 through December 31, 2020.  The benefits provided under the separation agreement are subject to the execution and nonrevocation of releases of claims and, following the Separation Date, continued compliance with certain post-termination restrictive covenants.

Item 5.03. Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year.

At the Effective Time, Medidata’s Fifth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation was amended and restated in its entirety in the form attached to the Merger Agreement as Annex B, and is filed herewith as Exhibit 3.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated by reference herein.

At the Effective Time, Medidata’s Amended and Restated Bylaws were amended and restated in their entirety to be the bylaws of Merger Sub as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time, and is filed herewith as Exhibit 3.2 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and are incorporated by reference herein.

Item 9.01.  Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits.

Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of June 11, 2019, by and among Dassault Systèmes SE, Dassault Systèmes Americas Corp., 3DS Acquisition 6 Corp and Medidata Solutions, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to Medidata’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 13, 2019).
 
Sixth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Medidata Solutions, Inc.
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of Medidata Solutions, Inc.
104
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document



SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 
MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.
     
Date:  October 28, 2019
   
     
 
By:
/s/ Michael I. Otner
 
Name: 
Michael I. Otner
 
Title:
Secretary



EX-3.1 2 ex3_1.htm EXHIBIT 3.1

Exhibit 3.1

AMENDED AND RESTATED CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION

OF

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

FIRST:  The name of the Corporation is Medidata Solutions, Inc. (the “Corporation”).

SECOND:  The address of the registered office of the Corporation in the State of Delaware is 1209 Orange Street, Wilmington, New Castle County, 19801. The name of its registered agent at that address is The Corporation Trust Company.

THIRD:  The purpose of the Corporation is to engage in any lawful act or activity for which a corporation may be organized under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware as set forth in Title 8 of the Delaware Code (the “DGCL”).

FOURTH:  The total number of shares of stock which the Corporation shall have authority to issue is 100 shares of Common Stock, each having a par value of one cent ($0.01).

FIFTH:  The following provisions are inserted for the management of the business and the conduct of the affairs of the Corporation, and for further definition, limitation and regulation of the powers of the Corporation and of its directors and stockholders:


(1)
The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors.


(2)
The directors shall have concurrent power with the stockholders to make, alter, amend, change, add to or repeal the By-Laws of the Corporation.


(3)
The number of directors of the Corporation shall be as from time to time fixed by, or in the manner provided in, the By-Laws of the Corporation. Election of directors need not be by written ballot unless the By-Laws so provide.


(4)
To the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL as the same exists or as may hereafter be amended, a director of the Corporation shall not be personally liable to the Corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director. If the DGCL is amended to authorize corporate action further eliminating or limiting the personal liability of directors, then the liability of a director of the Corporation shall be eliminated to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, as so amended.


(5)
The Corporation shall have the power to indemnify, to the extent permitted by the DGCL, as it presently exists or may hereafter be amended from time to time, any employee or agent of the Corporation who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (a “Proceeding”) by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, including service with respect to employee benefit plans, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with any such Proceeding.



(6)
Neither any amendment or repeal of any Section of this Article FIFTH, nor the adoption of any provision of this Certificate of Incorporation inconsistent with this Article FIFTH, shall eliminate or reduce the effect of this Article FIFTH, in respect of any matter occurring, or any Proceeding accruing or arising or that, but for this Article FIFTH, would accrue or arise, prior to such amendment, repeal or adoption of an inconsistent provision.


(7)
In addition to the powers and authority hereinbefore or by statute expressly conferred upon them, the directors are hereby empowered to exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things as may be exercised or done by the Corporation, subject, nevertheless, to the provisions of the DGCL, this Certificate of Incorporation, and any By-Laws adopted by the stockholders;



provided, however, that no By-Laws hereafter adopted by the stockholders shall invalidate any prior act of the directors which would have been valid if such By-Laws had not been adopted.

SIXTH:  Meetings of stockholders may be held within or without the State of Delaware, as the By-Laws may provide. The books of the Corporation may be kept (subject to any provision contained in the DGCL) outside the State of Delaware at such place or places as may be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors or in the By-Laws of the Corporation.

SEVENTH:  The Corporation reserves the right to amend, alter, change or repeal any provision contained in this Certificate of Incorporation, in the manner now or hereafter prescribed by statute, and all rights conferred upon stockholders herein are granted subject to this reservation.


2

EX-3.2 3 ex3_2.htm EXHIBIT 3.2

Exhibit 3.2

BY-LAWS

OF

MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.

A Delaware Corporation


Effective October 28, 2019


TABLE OF CONTENTS

   
Page
     
Article I OFFICES
1
     
Section 1.1
Registered Office
1
Section 1.2
Other Offices
1
     
Article II MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS
1
   
Section 2.1
Place of Meetings
1
Section 2.2
Annual Meetings
1
Section 2.3
Special Meetings
1
Section 2.4
Notice
2
Section 2.5
Adjournments
2
Section 2.6
Quorum
3
Section 2.7
Voting
3
Section 2.8
Proxies
4
Section 2.9
Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting
5
Section 2.10
List of Stockholders Entitled to Vote
6
Section 2.11
Record Date.
7
Section 2.12
Stock Ledger
8
Section 2.13
Conduct of Meetings
9
     
Article III DIRECTORS
10
     
Section 3.1
Number and Election of Directors
10
Section 3.2
Vacancies
10
Section 3.3
Duties and Powers
11
Section 3.4
Meetings
11
Section 3.5
Organization
12
Section 3.6
Resignations and Removals of Directors
12
Section 3.7
Quorum
13
Section 3.8
Actions of the Board of Directors by Written Consent
13
Section 3.9
Meetings by Means of Conference Telephone
14
Section 3.10
Committees
14
Section 3.11
Compensation
15
Section 3.12
Interested Directors
15
     
Article IV OFFICERS
16
     
Section 4.1
General
16
Section 4.2
Election
17


Section 4.3
Resignations
17
Section 4.4
Removal
18
Section 4.5
Voting Securities Owned by the Corporation
18
Section 4.6
Execution of Corporate Instruments.
18
Section 4.7
Chairman of the Board of Directors
19
Section 4.8
President
20
Section 4.9
Vice Presidents
21
Section 4.10
Secretary
21
Section 4.11
Treasurer
22
Section 4.12
Assistant Secretaries
23
Section 4.13
Assistant Treasurers
23
Section 4.14
Other Officers
24
     
Article V STOCK
24
     
Section 5.1
Stock Certificates and Uncertificated Shares
24
Section 5.2
Signatures
25
Section 5.3
Lost Certificates
25
Section 5.4
Transfers
25
Section 5.5
Dividend Record Date
26
Section 5.6
Record Owners
26
Section 5.7
Transfer and Registry Agents
27
     
Article VI NOTICES
27
     
Section 6.1
Notices
27
Section 6.2
Waivers of Notice
27
     
Article VII GENERAL PROVISIONS
28
     
Section 7.1
Dividends
28
Section 7.2
Disbursements
29
Section 7.3
Fiscal Year
29
Section 7.4
Corporate Seal
29
     
Article VIII INDEMNIFICATION
29
     
Section 8.1
Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings other than Those by or in the Right of the Corporation
29
Section 8.2
Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation
30
Section 8.3
Authorization of Indemnification
31
Section 8.4
Good Faith Defined
32
Section 8.5
Indemnification by a Court
32
Section 8.6
Expenses Payable in Advance
33
Section 8.7
Nonexclusivity of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses
33
Section 8.8
Insurance
34
Section 8.9
Certain Definitions
34
Section 8.10
Survival of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses
35


Section 8.11
Limitation on Indemnification
35
Section 8.12
Indemnification of Employees and Agents
36
Section 8.13
Amendments
36
Section 8.14
Saving Clause
36
     
Article IX Forum for adjudication of certain disputes
37
     
Section 9.1
Forum for Adjudication of Certain Disputes
37
     
Article X AMENDMENTS
38
     
Section 10.1
Amendments
38
Section 10.2
Entire Board of Directors
38
     
Article XI
39
     
Section 11.1
Loans to Officers
39


BY-LAWS
OF
MEDIDATA SOLUTIONS, INC.
(hereinafter called the “Corporation”)
 
ARTICLE I

OFFICES

Section 1.1          Registered Office.  The registered office of the Corporation shall be in the City of  Wilmington, New Castle County, State of Delaware.

Section 1.2          Other Offices.  The Corporation may have offices at such other places, both within and without the State of Delaware, as the Board of Directors of the Corporation (the “Board of Directors”) may from time to time determine.

ARTICLE II

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS

Section 2.1           Place of Meetings.  Meetings of the stockholders for the election of directors or for any other purpose shall be held at such time and place, either within or without the State of Delaware, as shall be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors.

Section 2.2          Annual Meetings.  The annual meeting of the stockholders for the election of directors shall be held on such date and at such time as shall be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors.  Any other proper business may be transacted at the annual meeting of the stockholders.

Section 2.3          Special Meetings.  Unless otherwise required by law or by the certificate of incorporation of the Corporation, as amended and restated from time to time (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), special meetings of the stockholders, for any purpose or purposes, may be called by either (i) the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, or (ii) the President, (iii) any Vice President, if there be one, (iv) the Secretary or (v) any Assistant Secretary, if there be one, and shall be called by any such officer at the request in writing of (i) the Board of Directors, (ii) a committee of the Board of Directors that has been duly designated by the Board of Directors and whose powers and authority include the power to call such meetings or (iii) stockholders owning a majority of the capital stock of the Corporation issued and outstanding and entitled to vote.  Such request shall state the purpose or purposes of the proposed meeting.  At a special meeting of the stockholders, only such business shall be conducted as shall be specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto).

1

Section 2.4          Notice.  Whenever the stockholders are required or permitted to take any action at a meeting, a written notice of the meeting shall be given which shall state the place, date and hour of the meeting, and, in the case of a special meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.  Unless otherwise required by law, written notice of any meeting shall be given not less than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting to each stockholder entitled to notice of and to vote at such meeting.

Section 2.5          Adjournments.  Any meeting of the stockholders, whether annual or special, may be adjourned from time to time to reconvene at the same or some other place, and notice need not be given of any such adjourned meeting if the time and place thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken.  At the adjourned meeting, the Corporation may transact any business which might have been transacted at the original meeting.  If the adjournment is for more than thirty (30) days, or if after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, notice of the adjourned meeting in accordance with the requirements of Section 2.4 shall be given to each stockholder of record entitled to notice of and to vote at the meeting.

2

Section 2.6          Quorum.  Unless otherwise required by applicable law or the Certificate of Incorporation, the holders of a majority of the Corporation’s capital stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall constitute a quorum at all meetings of the stockholders for the transaction of business.  A quorum, once established, shall not be broken by the withdrawal of enough votes to leave less than a quorum.  If, however, such quorum shall not be present or represented at any meeting of the stockholders, the stockholders entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall have the power to adjourn the meeting from time to time, in the manner provided in Section 2.5, until a quorum shall be present or represented.

Section 2.7          Voting.  Unless otherwise required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, any question brought before any meeting of the stockholders, other than the election of directors, shall be decided by the vote of the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock represented at the meeting and entitled to vote on such question, voting as a single class.  Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, and subject to Section 2.11(a), each stockholder represented at a meeting of the stockholders shall be entitled to cast one (1) vote for each share of the capital stock entitled to vote thereat held by such stockholder.  Such votes may be cast in person or by proxy as provided in Section 2.8.  The Board of Directors, in its discretion, or the officer of the Corporation presiding at a meeting of the stockholders, in such officer’s discretion, may require that any votes cast at such meeting shall be cast by written ballot.

3

Section 2.8          Proxies.

(a)          Each stockholder entitled to vote at a meeting of the stockholders or to express consent or dissent to corporate action in writing without a meeting may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy, by filing such proxy with the Secretary at or before the meeting at which it is to be used, but no such proxy shall be voted upon after three (3) years from its date, unless such proxy provides for a longer period.  Without limiting the manner in which a stockholder may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy, the following shall constitute a valid means by which a stockholder may grant such authority:

(i)          A stockholder may execute a writing authorizing another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy.  Execution may be accomplished by the stockholder or such stockholder’s authorized officer, director, employee or agent signing such writing or causing such person’s signature to be affixed to such writing by any reasonable means, including, but not limited to, by facsimile signature.

4

(ii)          A stockholder may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy by transmitting or authorizing the transmission of a telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission to the person who will be the holder of the proxy or to a proxy solicitation firm, proxy support service organization or like agent duly authorized by the person who will be the holder of the proxy to receive such telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission; provided that any such telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission must either set forth or be submitted with information from which it can be determined that the telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission was authorized by the stockholder.  If it is determined that such telegrams, cablegrams or other means of electronic transmission are valid, the inspectors or, if there are no inspectors, such other persons making that determination shall specify the information on which they relied.

(b)          Any copy, facsimile telecommunication or other reliable reproduction of the writing, telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission authorizing another person or persons to act as proxy for a stockholder may be substituted or used in lieu of the original writing, telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission for any and all purposes for which the original writing, telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission could be used; provided, however, that such copy, facsimile telecommunication or other reproduction shall be a complete reproduction of the entire original writing, telegram, cablegram or other means of electronic transmission.

Section 2.9          Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting.  Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, any action required or permitted to be taken at any annual or special meeting of the stockholders of the Corporation may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, if a consent or consents in writing, setting forth the action so taken, shall be signed by the holders of outstanding stock having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote thereon were present and voted and shall be delivered to the Corporation by delivery to its registered office in the State of Delaware, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of the stockholders are recorded.  Delivery made to the Corporation’s registered office shall be by hand or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested.  Every written consent shall bear the date of signature of each stockholder who signs the consent and no written consent shall be effective to take the corporate action referred to therein unless, within sixty (60) days of the earliest dated consent delivered in the manner required by this Section 2.9 to the Corporation, written consents signed by a sufficient number of holders to take action are delivered to the Corporation by delivery to its registered office in the State of Delaware, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of the stockholders are recorded.  Any copy, facsimile or other reliable reproduction of a consent in writing may be substituted or used in lieu of the original writing for any and all purposes for which the original writing could be used; provided, that such copy, facsimile or other reproduction shall be a complete reproduction of the entire original writing.

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Section 2.10          List of Stockholders Entitled to Vote.  The officer of the Corporation who has charge of the stock ledger of the Corporation shall prepare and make, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of the stockholders, a complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at such meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each stockholder and the number of shares registered in the name of each stockholder.  Such list shall be open to the examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, during ordinary business hours, for a period of at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting (i) either at a place within the city where the meeting is to be held, which place shall be specified in the notice of the meeting, or, if not so specified, at the place where the meeting is to be held or (ii) during ordinary business hours, at the principal place of business of the Corporation.  The list shall also be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present.

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Section 2.11          Record Date.

(a)          In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of the stockholders or any adjournment thereof, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors, and which record date shall not be more than sixty (60) nor less than ten (10) days before the date of such meeting.  If no record date is fixed by the Board of Directors, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of the stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held.  A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of the stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting; provided, however, that the Board of Directors may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting.

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(b)          In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors, and which record date shall not be more than ten (10) days after the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors.  If no record date has been fixed by the Board of Directors, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting, when no prior action by the Board of Directors is required by applicable law, shall be the first date on which a signed written consent setting forth the action taken or proposed to be taken is delivered to the Corporation by delivery to its registered office in the State of Delaware, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of the stockholders are recorded.  Delivery made to the Corporation’s registered office shall be by hand or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested.  If no record date has been fixed by the Board of Directors and prior action by the Board of Directors is required by applicable law, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution taking such prior action.

Section 2.12          Stock Ledger.  The stock ledger of the Corporation shall be the only evidence as to who are the stockholders entitled to examine the stock ledger, the list required by Section 2.10 or the books of the Corporation, or to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of the stockholders.

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Section 2.13          Conduct of Meetings.  At every meeting of the stockholders, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or, if a Chairman has not been appointed or is absent, the President, or, if the President is absent, a chairman of the meeting chosen by a majority in interest of the stockholders entitled to vote, present in person or by proxy, shall act as chairman.  The Secretary or, in his or her absence, an Assistant Secretary directed to do so by the President, shall act as secretary of the meeting.  The Board of Directors may adopt by resolution such rules and regulations for the conduct of any meeting of the stockholders as it shall deem necessary, appropriate or correct.  Except to the extent inconsistent with such rules and regulations as adopted by the Board of Directors, the chairman of any meeting of the stockholders shall have the right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts as, in the judgment of such chairman, are appropriate for the proper conduct of the meeting.  Such rules, regulations or procedures, whether adopted by the Board of Directors or prescribed by the chairman of the meeting, may include, without limitation, the following:  (i) the establishment of an agenda or order of business for the meeting; (ii) the determination of when the polls shall open and close for any given matter to be voted on at the meeting; (iii) rules and procedures for maintaining order at the meeting and the safety of those present; (iv) limitations on attendance at or participation in the meeting to stockholders of record of the Corporation, their duly authorized and constituted proxies or such other persons as the chairman of the meeting shall determine; (v) restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for the commencement thereof; and (vi) limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments by participants.

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ARTICLE III

DIRECTORS

Section 3.1          Number and Election of Directors.  The Board of Directors shall consist of not less than one nor more than fifteen members, the exact number of which shall initially be fixed by the sole incorporator of the Corporation and thereafter from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors.  The number of authorized directors may be modified from time to time by amendment of this Section 3.1 in accordance with the provisions of Section 10.1.  Except as provided in Section 3.2, directors shall be elected by a plurality of the votes cast at each annual meeting of the stockholders and each director so elected shall hold office until the next annual meeting of the stockholders and until such director’s successor is duly elected and qualified, or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal.  Directors need not be stockholders.  No reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director before the director’s term of office expires, unless such removal is made pursuant to the provisions of Section 3.6.

Section 3.2          Vacancies.  Unless otherwise required by law or the Certificate of Incorporation, vacancies on the Board of Directors or any committee thereof arising through death, resignation, removal, an increase in the number of directors constituting the Board of Directors or such committee or otherwise may be filled only by a majority of the directors then in office, though less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director. The directors so chosen shall, in the case of the Board of Directors, hold office until the next annual election and until their successors are duly elected and qualified, or until their earlier death, resignation or removal and, in the case of any committee of the Board of Directors, shall hold office until their successors are duly appointed by the Board of Directors or until their earlier death, resignation or removal.

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Section 3.3          Duties and Powers.  The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors which may exercise all such powers of the Corporation and do all such lawful acts and things as are not by statute, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws required to be exercised or done by the stockholders.

Section 3.4          Meetings.  The Board of Directors and any committee thereof may hold meetings, both regular and special, either within or without the State of Delaware.  Regular meetings of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof may be held without notice at such time and at such place as may from time to time be determined by the Board of Directors or such committee, respectively.  Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, the President, or by any director.  Special meetings of any committee of the Board of Directors may be called by the chairman of such committee, if there be one, the President, or any director serving on such committee.  Notice thereof stating the place, date and hour of the meeting shall be given to each director (or, in the case of a committee, to each member of such committee) either by mail not less than forty-eight (48) hours before the date of the meeting, by telephone, telegram or other means of electronic transmission on twenty-four (24) hours’ notice, or on such shorter notice as the person or persons calling such meeting may deem necessary or appropriate in the circumstances.

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Section 3.5          Organization.  At each meeting of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or the chairman of such committee, as the case may be, or, in his or her absence or if there be none, a director chosen by a majority of the directors present, shall act as chairman.  Except as provided below, the Secretary shall act as secretary at each meeting of the Board of Directors and of each committee thereof.  In case the Secretary shall be absent from any meeting of the Board of Directors or of any committee thereof, an Assistant Secretary, if any, shall perform the duties of secretary at such meeting; and in the absence from any such meeting of the Secretary and all the Assistant Secretaries, the chairman of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the members of each committee of the Board of Directors may appoint any person to act as secretary of any meeting of such committee and the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary of the Corporation may, but need not if such committee so elects, serve in such capacity.

Section 3.6          Resignations and Removals of Directors.  Any director of the Corporation may resign from the Board of Directors or any committee thereof at any time, by giving notice in writing to the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, the President or the Secretary and, in the case of a committee, to the chairman of such committee, if there be one.  Such resignation shall take effect at the time therein specified or, if no time is specified, immediately; and, unless otherwise specified in such notice, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.  Except as otherwise required by applicable law and subject to the rights, if any, of the holders of shares of preferred stock then outstanding, any director or the entire Board of Directors may be removed from office, with or without cause, at any time by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority in voting power of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote in the election of directors.  Any director serving on a committee of the Board of Directors may be removed from such committee at any time by the Board of Directors.

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Section 3.7          Quorum; Voting.  Except as otherwise required by law or the Certificate of Incorporation, at all meetings of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, a majority of the entire Board of Directors or a majority of the directors constituting such committee, as the case may be, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business and the act of a majority of the directors or committee members present at any meeting at which there is a quorum shall be the act of the Board of Directors or such committee, as applicable.  If a quorum shall not be present at any meeting of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, the directors present thereat may adjourn the meeting from time to time, without notice other than announcement at the meeting of the time and place of the adjourned meeting, until a quorum shall be present.

Section 3.8          Actions of the Board of Directors by Written Consent.  Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board of Directors or of any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting, if all the members of the Board of Directors or such committee, as the case may be, consent thereto in writing, and the writing or writings are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the Board of Directors or such committee.

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Section 3.9          Meetings by Means of Conference Telephone.  Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, any member of the Board of Directors, or any committee thereof, may participate in a meeting of the Board of Directors or such committee by means of a conference telephone or other communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and participation in a meeting pursuant to this Section 3.9 shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

Section 3.10          Committees.  The Board of Directors may, by resolution passed by the majority of the Board of Directors, from time to time designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation.  Each member of a committee must meet the requirements for membership, if any, imposed by applicable law.  The members of all committees of the Board of Directors shall serve a term coexistent with that of the Board of Directors which shall have appointed such committee.  The Board of Directors may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting of any such committee.  In the absence of a designation by the Board of Directors of an alternate member to replace the absent or disqualified member, the member or members thereof present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not such member or members constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another qualified member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in the place of any absent or disqualified member.  Any committee, to the extent permitted by law and provided in the resolution establishing such committee, shall have and may exercise all the powers and authority of the Board of Directors in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, and may authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers which may require it.  Each committee shall keep regular minutes and report to the Board of Directors when required.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Article III, the resolution of the Board of Directors establishing any committee of the Board of Directors and/or the charter of any such committee may establish requirements or procedures relating to the governance and/or operation of such committee that are different from, or in addition to, those set forth in these By-Laws and, to the extent that there is any inconsistency between these By-Laws and any such resolution or charter, the terms of such resolution or charter shall be controlling.

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Section 3.11          Compensation.  The directors may be paid their expenses, if any, of attendance at each meeting of the Board of Directors and may be paid a fixed sum for attendance at each meeting of the Board of Directors or a stated salary for service as director, payable in cash or securities, each as may be approved by the Board of Directors.  No such payment shall preclude any director from serving the Corporation in any other capacity and receiving compensation therefor.  Members of special or standing committees may be allowed like compensation for service as committee members.

Section 3.12          Interested Directors.  No contract or transaction between the Corporation and one or more of its directors or officers, or between the Corporation and any other corporation, partnership, association or other organization in which one or more of its directors or officers are directors or officers or have a financial interest, shall be void or voidable solely for this reason, or solely because any such director or officer is present at or participates in the meeting of the Board of Directors or committee thereof which authorizes the contract or transaction, or solely because any such director’s or officer’s vote is counted for such purpose if: (i) the material facts as to such director’s or officer’s relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the Board of Directors or the committee, and the Board of Directors or committee in good faith authorizes the contract or transaction by the affirmative votes of a majority of the disinterested directors, even though the disinterested directors be less than a quorum (and if there are no disinterested directors, then by the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock); (ii) the material facts as to the director’s or officer’s relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the stockholders entitled to vote thereon, and the contract or transaction is specifically approved in good faith by vote of the stockholders; or (iii) the contract or transaction is fair as to the Corporation as of the time it is authorized, approved or ratified by the Board of Directors, a committee thereof or the stockholders.  Common or interested directors may be counted in determining the presence of a quorum at a meeting of the Board of Directors or of a committee which authorizes the contract or transaction.

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ARTICLE IV

OFFICERS

Section 4.1          General.  The officers of the Corporation shall be chosen by the Board of Directors and shall be a President and a Secretary.  The Board of Directors, in its discretion, also may choose a Chairman of the Board of Directors (who must be a director), a Treasurer and one or more Vice Presidents, Assistant Secretaries, Assistant Treasurers and other officers.  The order of seniority of the Vice Presidents, if any, shall be in the order of nomination, unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors.  Any number of offices may be held by the same person, unless otherwise prohibited by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws.  The officers of the Corporation need not be stockholders of the Corporation nor, except in the case of the Chairman of the Board of Directors, need such officers be directors of the Corporation.

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Section 4.2          Election.  The Board of Directors, at its first meeting held after each annual meeting of the stockholders (or action by written consent of stockholders in lieu of the annual meeting of the stockholders), shall elect the officers of the Corporation who shall hold their offices for such terms and shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as shall be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors.  Each officer of the Corporation shall hold office until such officer’s successor is elected and qualified, or until such officer’s earlier death, resignation or removal.  Any vacancy occurring in any office of the Corporation shall be filled by the Board of Directors.  The salaries and other compensation of all officers of the Corporation shall be fixed by the Board of Directors; provided that, in the case of compensation, benefits or other similar determination with respect to a director that is an officer and/or an employee, such compensation, benefits or other similar determination shall be approved by the vote of the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock.

Section 4.3          Resignations.  Any officer may resign at any time by giving written notice to the Board of Directors or to the President or the Secretary.  Any such resignation shall be effective when received by the person or persons to whom such notice is given, unless a later time is specified therein, in which event the resignation shall become effective at such later time.  Unless otherwise specified in such notice, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.  Any resignation shall be without prejudice to the rights, if any, of the Corporation under any contract with any resigning officer.

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Section 4.4          Removal.  Any officer may be removed from office at any time, either with or without cause, by the vote or written consent of a majority of the directors in office at the time, or by any committee or superior officers upon whom such power of removal may have been conferred by the Board of Directors.

Section 4.5          Voting Securities Owned by the Corporation.  Powers of attorney, proxies, waivers of notice of meeting, consents and other instruments relating to securities owned by the Corporation may be executed in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation by the President or any Vice President or any other officer authorized to do so by the Board of Directors and any such officer may, in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation, take all such action as any such officer may deem advisable to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of security holders of any corporation in which the Corporation may own securities and at any such meeting shall possess and may exercise any and all rights and power incident to the ownership of such securities and which, as the owner thereof, the Corporation might have exercised and possessed if present.  The Board of Directors may, by resolution, from time to time confer like powers upon any other person or persons.

Section 4.6          Execution of Corporate Instruments.

(a)          The Board of Directors may, in its discretion, determine the method and designate the signatory officer or officers, or other person or persons, to execute on behalf of the Corporation any corporate instrument or document, or to sign on behalf of the Corporation the corporate name without limitation, or to enter into contracts on behalf of the Corporation, except where otherwise provided by law or these By-Laws, and such execution or signature shall be binding upon the Corporation.

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(b)          Unless otherwise specifically determined by the Board of Directors or otherwise required by law, promissory notes, deeds of trust, mortgages and other evidences of indebtedness of the Corporation, and other corporate instruments or documents requiring the corporate seal, and certificates of shares of stock owned by the Corporation, shall be executed, signed or endorsed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if any, or the President or any Vice President, and by the Secretary or Treasurer, if any, or any Assistant Secretary or Assistant Treasurer, if any.  All other instruments and documents requiring the corporate signature, but not requiring the corporate seal, may be executed as aforesaid or in such other manner as may be directed by the Board of Directors.

(c)          All checks and drafts drawn on banks or other depositories on funds of the credit of the Corporation or in special accounts of the Corporation shall be signed by such person or persons as the Board of Directors shall authorize so to do.

(d)          Unless authorized or ratified by the Board of Directors or within the agency power of any officer, no officer, agent or employee shall have any power or authority to bind the Corporation by any contract or engagement to pledge its credit or to render it liable for any purpose or for any amount.

Section 4.7          Chairman of the Board of Directors.  The Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and of the Board of Directors.  The Chairman of the Board of Directors shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation, unless the Board of Directors designates the President as the Chief Executive Officer, and, except where by law the signature of the President is required, the Chairman of the Board of Directors shall possess the same power as the President to sign all contracts, certificates and other instruments of the Corporation which may be authorized by the Board of Directors.  During the absence or disability of the President, the Chairman of the Board of Directors shall exercise all the powers and discharge all the duties of the President.  The Chairman of the Board of Directors shall also perform such other duties and may exercise such other powers as may from time to time be assigned by these By-Laws or by the Board of Directors.

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Section 4.8          President.  The President shall, subject to the control of the Board of Directors and, if there be one, the Chairman of the Board of Directors, have general supervision of the business of the Corporation and shall see that all orders and resolutions of the Board of Directors are carried into effect.  The President shall execute all bonds, mortgages, contracts and other instruments of the Corporation requiring a seal, under the seal of the Corporation, except where required or permitted by law to be otherwise signed and executed and except that the other officers of the Corporation may sign and execute documents when so authorized by these By-Laws, the Board of Directors or the President.  In the absence or disability of the Chairman of the Board of Directors, or if there be none, the President shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and, provided the President is also a director, the Board of Directors.  If there be no Chairman of the Board of Directors, or if the Board of Directors shall otherwise designate, the President shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation.  The President shall also perform such other duties and may exercise such other powers as may from time to time be assigned to such officer by these By-Laws or by the Board of Directors.

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Section 4.9          Vice Presidents.  At the request of the President or in the President’s absence or in the event of the President’s inability or refusal to act (and if there be no Chairman of the Board of Directors), the Vice President, or the Vice Presidents if there are more than one (in the order designated by the Board of Directors), shall perform the duties of the President, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the President.  Each Vice President shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors from time to time may prescribe.  If there be no Chairman of the Board of Directors and no Vice President, the Board of Directors shall designate the officer of the Corporation who, in the absence of the President or in the event of the inability or refusal of the President to act, shall perform the duties of the President, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the President.

Section 4.10          Secretary.  The Secretary shall attend all meetings of the Board of Directors and all meetings of the stockholders and record all the proceedings thereat in a book or books to be kept for that purpose; the Secretary shall also perform like duties for committees of the Board of Directors when required.  The Secretary shall give, or cause to be given, notice of all meetings of the stockholders and special meetings of the Board of Directors, and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or the President, under whose supervision the Secretary shall be.  If the Secretary shall be unable or shall refuse to cause to be given notice of all meetings of the stockholders and special meetings of the Board of Directors, and if there be no Assistant Secretary, then either the Board of Directors or the President may choose another officer to cause such notice to be given.  The Secretary shall have custody of the seal of the Corporation and the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary, if there be one, shall have authority to affix the same to any instrument requiring it and when so affixed, it may be attested by the signature of the Secretary or by the signature of any such Assistant Secretary.  The Board of Directors may give general authority to any other officer to affix the seal of the Corporation and to attest to the affixing by such officer’s signature.  The Secretary shall see that all books, reports, statements, certificates and other documents and records required by law to be kept or filed are properly kept or filed, as the case may be.

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Section 4.11          Treasurer.  The Treasurer, if there be one, shall have the custody of the corporate funds and securities and shall keep full and accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements in books belonging to the Corporation and shall deposit all moneys and other valuable effects in the name and to the credit of the Corporation in such depositories as may be designated by the Board of Directors.  The Treasurer shall disburse the funds of the Corporation as may be ordered by the Board of Directors, taking proper vouchers for such disbursements, and shall render to the President and the Board of Directors, at its regular meetings, or when the Board of Directors so requires, an account of all transactions as Treasurer and of the financial condition of the Corporation.  If required by the Board of Directors, the Treasurer shall give the Corporation a bond in such sum and with such surety or sureties as shall be satisfactory to the Board of Directors for the faithful performance of the duties of the office of the Treasurer and for the restoration to the Corporation, in case of the Treasurer’s death, resignation, retirement or removal from office, of all books, papers, vouchers, money and other property of whatever kind in the Treasurer’s possession or under the Treasurer’s control belonging to the Corporation.

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Section 4.12          Assistant Secretaries.  Assistant Secretaries, if there be any, shall perform such duties and have such powers as from time to time may be assigned to them by the Board of Directors, the President, any Vice President, if there be one, or the Secretary, and in the absence of the Secretary or in the event of the Secretary’s inability or refusal to act, shall perform the duties of the Secretary, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the Secretary.

Section 4.13          Assistant Treasurers.  Assistant Treasurers, if there be any, shall perform such duties and have such powers as from time to time may be assigned to them by the Board of Directors, the President, any Vice President, if there be one, or the Treasurer, and in the absence of the Treasurer or in the event of the Treasurer’s inability or refusal to act, shall perform the duties of the Treasurer, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the Treasurer.  If required by the Board of Directors, an Assistant Treasurer shall give the Corporation a bond in such sum and with such surety or sureties as shall be satisfactory to the Board of Directors for the faithful performance of the duties of the office of Assistant Treasurer and for the restoration to the Corporation, in case of the Assistant Treasurer’s death, resignation, retirement or removal from office, of all books, papers, vouchers, money and other property of whatever kind in the Assistant Treasurer’s possession or under the Assistant Treasurer’s control belonging to the Corporation.

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Section 4.14          Other Officers; Delegation of Authority.  Such other officers as the Board of Directors may choose shall perform such duties and have such powers as from time to time may be assigned to them by the Board of Directors.  The Board of Directors may delegate to any other officer of the Corporation the power to choose such other officers and to prescribe their respective duties and powers.  The Board of Directors may from time to time delegate the powers or duties of any officer to any other officer or agent, notwithstanding any provision hereof.

ARTICLE V

STOCK

Section 5.1          Stock Certificates and Uncertificated Shares.  The shares of stock of the Corporation may be represented by certificates or may be uncertificated.  Every holder of stock in the Corporation shall be entitled to have a certificate signed by, or in the name of the Corporation (i) by the Chairman of the Board of Directors, or the President or a Vice President and (ii) by the Treasurer or an Assistant Treasurer, or the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the Corporation, certifying the number of shares owned by such stockholder in the Corporation.  Any such certificate shall state upon the face or back thereof, in full or in summary, all of the designations, preferences, limitations, restrictions on transfer and other relative rights of the shares authorized to be issued.  Absent a specific request for such a certificate by the registered owner or transferee thereof, all shares may be uncertificated upon the original issuance thereof by the Corporation or upon surrender of the certificate representing such shares to the Corporation or its transfer agent.

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Section 5.2          Signatures.  Any or all of the signatures on a certificate may be a facsimile.  In case any officer, transfer agent or registrar who has signed or whose facsimile signature has been placed upon a certificate shall have ceased to be such officer, transfer agent or registrar before such certificate is issued, it may be issued by the Corporation with the same effect as if such person were such officer, transfer agent or registrar at the date of issue.

Section 5.3          Lost Certificates.  The Board of Directors may direct uncertificated shares or, if requested by the registered owner, a new certificate to be issued in place of any certificate theretofore issued by the Corporation alleged to have been lost, stolen or destroyed, upon the making of an affidavit of that fact by the person claiming the certificate of stock to be lost, stolen or destroyed.  When authorizing such issuance of uncertificated shares or a new certificate, the Board of Directors may, in its discretion and as a condition precedent to the issuance thereof, require the owner of such lost, stolen or destroyed certificate, or such owner’s legal representative, to advertise the same in such manner as the Board of Directors shall require and/or to give the Corporation a bond in such sum as it may direct as indemnity against any claim that may be made against the Corporation on account of the alleged loss, theft or destruction of such certificate or the issuance of such new certificate.

Section 5.4          Transfers.  Stock of the Corporation shall be transferable in the manner prescribed by applicable law and in these By-Laws.  Transfers of stock shall be made on the books of the Corporation, and in the case of certificated shares of stock, only by the person named in the certificate or by such person’s attorney lawfully constituted in writing and upon the surrender of the certificate therefor, properly endorsed for transfer, or in the case of uncertificated shares of stock, upon receipt of proper transfer instructions from the registered owner of the shares or by such person’s attorney lawfully constituted in writing, and in either case upon payment of all necessary transfer taxes; provided, however, that such surrender and endorsement or payment of taxes shall not be required in any case in which the officers of the Corporation shall determine to waive such requirement.  With respect to certificated shares of stock, every certificate exchanged, returned or surrendered to the Corporation shall be marked “Cancelled,” with the date of cancellation, by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Corporation or the transfer agent thereof.  No transfer of stock shall be valid as against the Corporation for any purpose until it shall have been entered in the stock records of the Corporation by an entry showing from and to whom transferred.

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Section 5.5          Dividend Record Date.  In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights or the stockholders entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock, or for the purpose of any other lawful action, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted, and which record date shall be not more than sixty (60) days prior to such action.  If no record date is fixed, the record date for determining stockholders for any such purpose shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution relating thereto.

Section 5.6          Record Owners.  The Corporation shall be entitled to recognize the exclusive right of a person registered on its books as the owner of shares to receive dividends, and to vote as such owner, and to hold liable for calls and assessments a person registered on its books as the owner of shares, and shall not be bound to recognize any equitable or other claim to or interest in such share or shares on the part of any other person, whether or not it shall have express or other notice thereof, except as otherwise required by law.

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Section 5.7          Transfer and Registry Agents.  The Corporation may from time to time maintain one or more transfer offices or agencies and registry offices or agencies at such place or places as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE VI

NOTICES

Section 6.1          Notices.  Whenever written notice is required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, to be given to any director, member of a committee or stockholder, such notice may be given by mail, addressed to such director, member of a committee or stockholder, at such person’s address as it appears on the records of the Corporation, with postage thereon prepaid, and such notice shall be deemed to be given at the time when the same shall be deposited in the United States mail.  Written notice may also be given personally or by telegram, telex, cable or other means of electronic transmission, and such notice shall be deemed to be given at the time when the same shall have been sent.

Section 6.2          Waivers of Notice.  Whenever any notice is required by applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws, to be given to any director, member of a committee or stockholder, a waiver thereof in writing, signed by the person or persons entitled to notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent thereto.  Attendance of a person at a meeting, present in person or represented by proxy, shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except where the person attends the meeting for the express purpose of objecting at the beginning of the meeting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened.  Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any annual or special meeting of the stockholders or any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors or members of a committee of directors need be specified in any written waiver of notice unless so required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these By-Laws.

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ARTICLE VII

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 7.1          Dividends.  Dividends upon the capital stock of the Corporation, subject to the requirements of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”) and the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, if any, may be declared by the Board of Directors at any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors (or any action by written consent in lieu thereof in accordance with Section 3.8), and may be paid in cash, in property, or in shares of the Corporation’s capital stock.  Before payment of any dividend, there may be set aside out of any funds of the Corporation available for dividends such sum or sums as the Board of Directors from time to time, in its absolute discretion, deems proper as a reserve or reserves to meet contingencies, or for purchasing any of the shares of capital stock, warrants, rights, options, bonds, debentures, notes, scrip or other securities or evidences of indebtedness of the Corporation, or for equalizing dividends, or for repairing or maintaining any property of the Corporation, or for any proper purpose, and the Board of Directors may modify or abolish any such reserve.

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Section 7.2          Disbursements.  All checks or demands for money and notes of the Corporation shall be signed by such officer or officers or such other person or persons as the Board of Directors may from time to time designate.

Section 7.3          Fiscal Year.  The fiscal year of the Corporation shall be fixed by resolution of the Board of Directors.

Section 7.4          Corporate Seal.  The corporate seal shall have inscribed thereon the name of the Corporation, the year of its organization and the words “Corporate Seal, Delaware”.  The seal may be used by causing it or a facsimile thereof to be impressed or affixed or reproduced or otherwise.

ARTICLE VIII

INDEMNIFICATION

Section 8.1          Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings other than Those by or in the Right of the Corporation.  Subject to Section 8.3, the Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the Corporation), by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe such person’s conduct was unlawful.  The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that such person’s conduct was unlawful.

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Section 8.2          Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation.  Subject to Section 8.3, the Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation; provided that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the Corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.

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Section 8.3          Authorization of Indemnification.  Any indemnification under this Article VIII (unless ordered by a court) shall be made by the Corporation only as authorized in the specific case upon a determination that indemnification of the present or former director or officer is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2, as the case may be.  Such determination shall be made, with respect to a person who is a director or officer at the time of such determination, (i) by a majority vote of the directors who are not parties to such action, suit or proceeding, even though less than a quorum, (ii) by a committee of such directors designated by a majority vote of such directors, even though less than a quorum,  (iii) if there are no such directors, or if such directors so direct, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion or (iv) by the stockholders.  Such determination shall be made, with respect to former directors and officers, by any person or persons having the authority to act on the matter on behalf of the Corporation.  To the extent, however, that a present or former director or officer of the Corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any action, suit or proceeding described above, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith, without the necessity of authorization in the specific case.

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Section 8.4          Good Faith Defined.  For purposes of any determination under Section 8.3, a person shall be deemed to have acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, or, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, to have had no reasonable cause to believe such person’s conduct was unlawful, if such person’s action is based on the records or books of account of the Corporation or another enterprise, or on information supplied to such person by the officers of the Corporation or another enterprise in the course of their duties, or on the advice of legal counsel for the Corporation or another enterprise or on information or records given or reports made to the Corporation or another enterprise by an independent certified public accountant or by an appraiser or other expert selected with reasonable care by the Corporation or another enterprise.  The provisions of this Section 8.4 shall not be deemed to be exclusive or to limit in any way the circumstances in which a person may be deemed to have met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2, as the case may be.

Section 8.5          Indemnification by a Court.  Notwithstanding any contrary determination in the specific case under Section 8.3, and notwithstanding the absence of any determination thereunder, any director or officer may apply to the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or any other court of competent jurisdiction in the State of Delaware for indemnification to the extent otherwise permissible under Section 8.1 or Section 8.2.  The basis of such indemnification by a court shall be a determination by such court that indemnification of the director or officer is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2, as the case may be.  Neither a contrary determination in the specific case under Section 8.3 nor the absence of any determination thereunder shall be a defense to such application or create a presumption that the director or officer seeking indemnification has not met any applicable standard of conduct.  Notice of any application for indemnification pursuant to this Section 8.5 shall be given to the Corporation promptly upon the filing of such application.  If successful, in whole or in part, the director or officer seeking indemnification shall also be entitled to be paid the expense of prosecuting such application.

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Section 8.6          Expenses Payable in Advance.  Expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by a director or officer in defending any civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding shall be paid by the Corporation in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such director or officer to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation as authorized in this Article VIII.  Such  expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by former directors and officers or other employees and agents may be so paid upon such terms and conditions, if any, as the Corporation deems appropriate.

Section 8.7          Nonexclusivity of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses.  The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by, or granted pursuant to, this Article VIII shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which those seeking indemnification or advancement of expenses may be entitled under the Certificate of Incorporation, these By-Laws, agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise, both as to action in such person’s official capacity and as to action in another capacity while holding such office, it being the policy of the Corporation that indemnification of the persons specified in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2 shall be made to the fullest extent permitted by law.  The provisions of this Article VIII shall not be deemed to preclude the indemnification of any person who is not specified in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2 but whom the Corporation has the power or obligation to indemnify under the provisions of the DGCL, or otherwise.

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Section 8.8          Insurance.  The Corporation may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of such person’s status as such, whether or not the Corporation would have the power or the obligation to indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of this Article VIII.

Section 8.9          Certain Definitions.  For purposes of this Article VIII, references to “the Corporation” shall include, in addition to the resulting corporation, any constituent corporation (including any constituent of a constituent) absorbed in a consolidation or merger which, if its separate existence had continued, would have had power and authority to indemnify its directors or officers, so that any person who is or was a director or officer of such constituent corporation, or is or was a director or officer of such constituent corporation serving at the request of such constituent corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, shall stand in the same position under the provisions of this Article VIII with respect to the resulting or surviving corporation as such person would have with respect to such constituent corporation if its separate existence had continued.  The term “another enterprise” as used in this Article VIII shall mean any other corporation or any partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise of which such person is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent.  For purposes of this Article VIII, references to “fines” shall include any excise taxes assessed on a person with respect to an employee benefit plan; and references to “serving at the request of the Corporation” shall include any service as a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation which imposes duties on, or involves services by, such director or officer with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants or beneficiaries; and a person who acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in the interest of the participants and beneficiaries of an employee benefit plan shall be deemed to have acted in a manner “not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation” as referred to in this Article VIII.

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Section 8.10          Survival of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses.  The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by, or granted pursuant to, this Article VIII shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director or officer and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors and administrators of such a person.

Section 8.11          Limitation on Indemnification.  Notwithstanding anything contained in this Article VIII to the contrary, except for proceedings to enforce rights to indemnification (which shall be governed by Section 8.5), the Corporation shall not be obligated to indemnify any director or officer (or his or her heirs, executors or personal or legal representatives) or advance expenses in connection with a proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person unless such proceeding (or part thereof) was authorized or consented to by the Board of Directors.

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Section 8.12          Indemnification of Employees and Agents.  The Corporation may, to the extent authorized from time to time by the Board of Directors, provide rights to indemnification and to the advancement of expenses to employees and agents of the Corporation similar to those conferred in this Article VIII to directors and officers of the Corporation.

Section 8.13          Amendments.  Any repeal or modification of this Article VIII shall only be prospective and shall not affect the rights under this Article VIII in effect at the time of the alleged occurrence of any action or omission to act that is the cause of any proceeding against any agent of the Corporation.

Section 8.14          Saving Clause.  If these By-Laws or any portion hereof shall be invalidated on any ground by any court of competent jurisdiction, then the Corporation shall nevertheless indemnify each person otherwise entitled to indemnification hereunder to the fullest extent not prohibited by any applicable portion of these By-Laws that shall not have been invalidated, or by any other applicable law.

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ARTICLE IX

FORUM FOR ADJUDICATION OF CERTAIN DISPUTES

Section 9.1          Forum for Adjudication of Certain Disputes. Unless the Corporation  consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum (an “Alternative Forum Consent”), the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Corporation, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation to the Corporation or the Corporation’s stockholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation or any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation arising out of or relating to any provision of the General Corporation Law of Delaware or the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation or Bylaws, or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation or any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation  governed by the internal affairs doctrine of the State of Delaware; provided, however, that, in the event that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware lacks subject matter jurisdiction over any such action or proceeding, the sole and exclusive forum for such action or proceeding shall be another state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, in each such case, unless the Court of Chancery (or such other state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, as applicable) has dismissed a prior action by the same plaintiff asserting the same claims because such court lacked personal jurisdiction over an indispensable party named as a defendant therein.  Failure to enforce the foregoing provisions would cause the Corporation irreparable harm and the Corporation shall be entitled to equitable relief, including injunctive relief and specific performance, to enforce the foregoing provisions.  Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of capital stock of the Corporation shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the provisions of this Section 9.1 of Article IX. The existence of any prior Alternative Forum Consent shall not act as a waiver of the Corporation’s ongoing consent right as set forth above in this Section 9.1 of Article IX with respect to any current or future actions or claims.

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ARTICLE X

AMENDMENTS

Section 10.1          Amendments.  Except as otherwise set forth in Section 8.13, these By-Laws may be altered, amended or repealed, in whole or in part, or new By-Laws may be adopted by the stockholders or by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that notice of such alteration, amendment, repeal or adoption of new By-Laws be contained in the notice of such meeting of the stockholders or Board of Directors, as the case may be.  All such amendments must be approved by either the holders of a majority of the outstanding capital stock entitled to vote thereon or by a majority of the entire Board of Directors then in office.

Section 10.2          Entire Board of Directors.  As used in this Article X or in these By-Laws generally, the term “entire Board of Directors” means the total number of directors which the Corporation would have if there were no vacancies.

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ARTICLE XI

LOANS TO OFFICERS

Section 11.1          Loans to Officers.  The Corporation may lend money to, or guarantee any obligation of, or otherwise assist any officer or other employee of the Corporation or of its subsidiaries, including any officer of employee who is a director of the Corporation or its subsidiaries, whenever, in the judgement of the Board of Directors, such loan, guarantee or assistance may reasonably be expected to benefit the Corporation; provided that, in the case of any such loan, guarantee or other assistance with respect to a director that is an officer and/or an employee, such loan, guarantee or other assistance shall be approved by the vote of the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock.  The loan, guarantee or other assistance may be with or without interest and may be unsecured, or secured in such manner as the Board of Directors shall approve, including, without limitation, a pledge of shares of stock of the corporation; provided that, in the case of any such loan, guarantee or other assistance with respect to a director that is an officer and/or an employee, such loan, guarantee or other assistance shall be approved by the vote of the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock.  Nothing in this Section 11.1 shall be deemed to deny, limit or restrict the powers of guaranty or warranty of the Corporation at common law or under any statue.

* * *

Adopted as of: October 28, 2019


Last Amended as of: N/A


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Document and Entity Information
Oct. 28, 2019
Cover [Abstract]  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31
Document Type 8-K
Amendment Flag false
Document Period End Date Oct. 28, 2019
Entity Registrant Name Medidata Solutions, Inc.
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE
Entity File Number 001-34387
Entity Tax Identification Number 13-4066508
Entity Address, Address Line One 350 Hudson Street, 9th Floor
Entity Address, City or Town New York
Entity Address, State or Province NY
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 10014
City Area Code 212
Local Phone Number 918-1800
Written Communications false
Soliciting Material false
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
Entity Central Index Key 0001453814
Title of 12(b) Security Common stock, par value $0.01
Trading Symbol MDSO
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ