EX-10.1 3 tm2316415d1_ex10-1.htm EXHIBIT 10.1

 

Exhibit 10.1

 

 

Execution Version 

 

CREDIT AGREEMENT

 

dated as of May 21, 2023

 

by and among

 

IRONWOOD PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.,

as Borrower

 

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Administrative Agent,

and
as Collateral Agent

 

CITIZENS BANK, N.A.,

as Co-Administrative Agent

 

and

 

THE LENDERS PARTY HERETO


 

 

CITIBANK, N.A.,

CITIZENS BANK, N.A.,

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,

RBC CAPITAL MARKETS, LLC1,

and

WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC

as Joint Lead Arrangers and Joint Bookrunners

 

 

1 RBC Capital Markets, LLC is a brand name for the capital markets activities of Royal Bank of Canada and its affiliates

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

 

Article I.
Definitions and Accounting Terms
     
Section 1.01 Defined Terms 1
Section 1.02 Other Interpretive Provisions 68
Section 1.03 Accounting and Finance Terms; Accounting Periods; Determination of Fair Market Value 69
Section 1.04 Rounding 70
Section 1.05 References to Agreements, Laws, Etc. 70
Section 1.06 Times of Day 70
Section 1.07 Available Amount Transactions 70
Section 1.08 Pro Forma Calculations; GAAP; Limited Condition Transactions; Basket and Ratio Compliance 70
Section 1.09 Currency Equivalents Generally 74
Section 1.10 [Reserved] 75
Section 1.11 Cashless Rollovers; Permitted Debt Exchanges 75
     
Article II.
The Commitments and Borrowings
     
Section 2.01 [Reserved] 75
Section 2.02 Revolving Loans 76
Section 2.03 [Reserved] 77
Section 2.04 Issuance of Letters of Credit and Purchase of Participations Therein 77
Section 2.05 Conversion/Continuation 84
Section 2.06 Availability 85
Section 2.07 Prepayments 86
Section 2.08 Termination or Reduction of Commitments 87
Section 2.09 Repayment of Loans 88
Section 2.10 Interest 88
Section 2.11 Fees 89
Section 2.12 Computation of Interest and Fees 90
Section 2.13 Evidence of Indebtedness 90
Section 2.14 Payments Generally 91
Section 2.15 Sharing of Payments, Etc. 92
Section 2.16 Incremental Borrowings 93
Section 2.17 Refinancing Amendments 96
Section 2.18 Extensions of Loans 97
Section 2.19 Defaulting Lenders 99
     
Article III.
Taxes, Increased Costs Protection and Illegality
     
Section 3.01 Taxes 101
Section 3.02 Illegality 105
Section 3.03 Inability to Determine Rates 105
     

 

 

     
Section 3.04 Increased Cost and Reduced Return; Capital Adequacy; Reserves on Benchmark Rate Loans 106
Section 3.05 Funding Losses 107
Section 3.06 Matters Applicable to All Requests for Compensation 107
Section 3.07 Replacement of Lenders Under Certain Circumstances 108
Section 3.08 Survival 109
     
Article IV.
Conditions Precedent to Borrowings
     
Section 4.01 Conditions to Initial Borrowing 109
Section 4.02 Conditions to All Borrowings After the Closing Date 111
     
Article V.
Representations and Warranties
     
Section 5.01 Existence, Qualification and Power; Compliance with Laws 111
Section 5.02 Authorization; No Contravention 112
Section 5.03 Governmental Authorization 112
Section 5.04 Binding Effect 113
Section 5.05 Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect 113
Section 5.06 Litigation 113
Section 5.07 Labor Matters 113
Section 5.08 Ownership of Property; Liens 113
Section 5.09 Environmental Matters 114
Section 5.10 Taxes 114
Section 5.11 ERISA Compliance 114
Section 5.12 Subsidiaries 115
Section 5.13 Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act 115
Section 5.14 Disclosure 115
Section 5.15 Intellectual Property; Licenses, Etc. 115
Section 5.16 Solvency 115
Section 5.17 USA PATRIOT Act, FCPA and OFAC 116
Section 5.18 Collateral Documents 116
Section 5.19 Use of Proceeds 116
     
Article VI.
Affirmative Covenants
     
Section 6.01 Financial Statements 117
Section 6.02 Certificates; Other Information 118
Section 6.03 Notices 120
Section 6.04 Payment of Certain Taxes 121
Section 6.05 Preservation of Existence, Etc. 121
Section 6.06 Maintenance of Properties 121
Section 6.07 Maintenance of Insurance 121
Section 6.08 Compliance with Laws 122
Section 6.09 Books and Records 122
Section 6.10 Inspection Rights 122
Section 6.11 Covenant to Guarantee Obligations and Give Security 123
Section 6.12 Further Assurances 124

 

ii

 

 

Section 6.13 Designation of Subsidiaries 125
Section 6.14 [Reserved] 126
Section 6.15 Post-Closing Matters 126
Section 6.16 Use of Proceeds 126
     
Article VII.
Negative Covenants
     
Section 7.01 Liens 126
Section 7.02 Investments 131
Section 7.03 Indebtedness 135
Section 7.04 Fundamental Changes 139
Section 7.05 Dispositions 140
Section 7.06 Restricted Payments 143
Section 7.07 Transactions with Affiliates 146
Section 7.08 Negative Pledge 147
Section 7.09 Junior Debt Prepayments; Amendments to Junior Financing Documents 149
Section 7.10 Change in Nature of Business 151
     
Article VIII.
Financial Covenant
     
Section 8.01 Financial Covenant 151
     
Article IX.
Events of Default and Remedies
     
Section 9.01 Events of Default 152
Section 9.02 Remedies upon Event of Default 154
Section 9.03 Application of Funds 155
     
Article X.
Administrative Agent and Other Agents
     
Section 10.01 Appointment and Authority of the Administrative Agent 156
Section 10.02 Rights as a Lender 156
Section 10.03 Exculpatory Provisions 157
Section 10.04 Reliance by the Agents 158
Section 10.05 Delegation of Duties 159
Section 10.06 Non-Reliance on Agents and Other Lenders; Disclosure of Information by Agents 159
Section 10.07 Indemnification of Agents 160
Section 10.08 No Other Duties; Other Agents, Lead Arrangers, Managers, Etc. 161
Section 10.09 Resignation of Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent 161
Section 10.10 Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim; Credit Bidding 162
Section 10.11 Collateral and Guaranty Matters; Exercise of Remedies 164
Section 10.12 Appointment of Supplemental Administrative Agents 167
Section 10.13 Intercreditor Agreements 167
Section 10.14 Cash Management Agreements and Secured Hedge Agreements 168
Section 10.15 Certain ERISA Matters 168

 

iii

 

 

Article XI.
Miscellaneous
     
Section 11.01 Amendments, Waivers, Etc. 171
Section 11.02 Notices and Other Communications; Facsimile Copies 178
Section 11.03 No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies 180
Section 11.04 Attorney Costs and Expenses 180
Section 11.05 Indemnification by the Borrower 181
Section 11.06 Marshaling; Payments Set Aside 182
Section 11.07 Successors and Assigns 183
Section 11.08 Confidentiality 189
Section 11.09 Set-off 191
Section 11.10 Interest Rate Limitation 191
Section 11.11 Counterparts; Integration; Effectiveness; Entire Agreement 192
Section 11.12 Electronic Execution of Assignments and Certain Other Documents 192
Section 11.13 Survival 192
Section 11.14 Severability 192
Section 11.15 GOVERNING LAW 193
Section 11.16 WAIVER OF RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY 194
Section 11.17 Limitation of Liability 194
Section 11.18 Use of Name, Logo, Etc. 194
Section 11.19 USA PATRIOT Act Notice 195
Section 11.20 Service of Process 195
Section 11.21 No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility 195
Section 11.22 Binding Effect 196
Section 11.23 Obligations Several; Independent Nature of Lender’s Rights 196
Section 11.24 Headings 196
Section 11.25 Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of Affected Financial Institutions 196
Section 11.26 Acknowledgment Regarding Any Supported QFCs 196
Section 11.27 Disqualified Lenders 197

 

iv

 

 

SCHEDULES

 

Schedule 1.01(b) Existing Letters of Credit
Schedule 1.01(c) Hedge Banks
Schedule 2.01 Commitments
Schedule 5.06 Litigation
Schedule 5.07 Labor Matters
Schedule 5.11(a) ERISA Compliance
Schedule 5.12 Subsidiaries
Schedule 6.15 Post-Closing Matters
Schedule 7.01(c) Existing Liens
Schedule 7.02(b) Existing Investments
Schedule 7.03(c) Existing Indebtedness
Schedule 11.02 Administrative Agent’s Office, Certain Addresses for Notices

 

EXHIBITS

 

Form of

 

A-1Committed Loan Notice
A-2Conversion/Continuation Notice
A-3Issuance Notice
BRevolving Loan Note
CCompliance Certificate
D-1Assignment and Assumption
D-2Affiliate Assignment Notice
EGuaranty
FSecurity Agreement
G-1Non-Bank Certificate (For Foreign Lenders That Are Not Partnerships or Pass-Thru Entities For U.S. Federal Income Tax Purposes)
G-2Non-Bank Certificate (For Foreign Lenders That Are Partnerships or Pass-Thru Entities For U.S. Federal Income Tax Purposes)
G-3Non-Bank Certificate (For Foreign Participants That Are Not Partnerships or Pass-Thru Entities For U.S. Federal Income Tax Purposes)
G-4Non-Bank Certificate (For Foreign Participants That Are Partnerships or Pass-Thru Entities For U.S. Federal Income Tax Purposes)
HGlobal Intercompany Note
ISolvency Certificate
JPrepayment Notice
K-1Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement
K-2Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement
LAuction Procedures
MForm of Secured Party Joinder

 

 

 

 

CREDIT AGREEMENT

 

This CREDIT AGREEMENT is entered into as of May 21, 2023, by and among Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Borrower”), Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent under the Loan Documents (in such capacity, including any successor thereto, the “Administrative Agent”) and as collateral agent under the Loan Documents (in such capacity, including any successor thereto, the “Collateral Agent”), each Issuing Bank from time to time party hereto, and each lender from time to time party hereto (collectively, the “Lenders” and, individually, a “Lender”). Capitalized terms used herein are defined as set forth in Section 1.01.

 

PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS

 

The Borrower has requested that upon satisfaction (or waiver) of the conditions precedent set forth in Article IV, the Lenders extend credit to the Borrower in the form of $500,000,000 of Revolving Commitments on the Closing Date as a first lien secured credit facility and from time to time, the Revolving Lenders make Revolving Loans and the Issuing Banks issue Letters of Credit, pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

 

The proceeds of the Loans will be used for working capital purposes, general corporate purposes and to finance transactions not prohibited by this Agreement, including Permitted Acquisitions. The applicable Lenders have indicated their willingness to make Loans, and each Issuing Bank has indicated its willingness to issue Letters of Credit, in each case, on the terms and subject only to the conditions set forth herein. In consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, the parties hereto covenant and agree as follows:

 

Article I.
Definitions and Accounting Terms

 

Section 1.01            Defined Terms. As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the meanings set forth below:

 

Accounting Change” means any change in GAAP, any change in the application of GAAP or the adoption of another internationally recognized accounting standard, including the adoption of IFRS.

 

Acquisition Transaction” means the purchase or other acquisition (in one transaction or a series of transactions, including by merger or otherwise) by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary of all or substantially all the property, assets or business of another Person, or assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of, any Person, or of a majority of the outstanding Equity Interests of any Person, including any Investment which serves to increase the Borrower’s or any Restricted Subsidiary’s equity ownership in any Joint Venture or other Person to an amount in excess (or further in excess) of the majority of the outstanding Equity Interests of such Joint Venture or other Person.

 

Additional Lender” means, at any time, any bank, other financial institution or institutional investor that, in any case, is not an existing Lender and that agrees to provide any portion of any,

 

(a)            Incremental Loan in accordance with Section 2.16; or

 

(b)            Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness pursuant to a Refinancing Amendment in accordance with Section 2.17;

  

 

 

provided that each Additional Lender (other than any Person that is an Affiliate of a Lender or an Approved Fund of a Lender at such time) shall be subject to the approval of the Administrative Agent and/or the Issuing Banks (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), in each case to the extent any such consent would be required from the Administrative Agent under Section 11.07(b)(iii)(B) and/or the Issuing Banks under Section 11.07(b)(iii)(D), respectively, for an assignment of Loans to such Additional Lender.

 

Adjusted Term SOFR” means, for the purposes of any calculation, the rate per annum equal to (a) Term SOFR for such calculation plus (b) the Term SOFR Adjustment; provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, the “Adjusted Term SOFR” shall in no event be less than 0% per annum with respect to all Revolving Loans.

 

Administrative Agent” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, Citizens Bank, N.A. shall not have any administrative duties under the Credit Agreement.

 

Administrative Agent’s Office” means the Administrative Agent’s address and, as appropriate, account as set forth on Section 11.02, or such other address or account as the Administrative Agent may from time to time notify the Borrower and the Lenders.

 

Administrative Questionnaire” means an Administrative Questionnaire in a form supplied by the Administrative Agent.

 

Affected Financial Institution” shall mean (a) any EEA Financial Institution or (b) any UK Financial Institution.

 

Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, another Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the Person specified. “Control” means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise. “Controlled” has the meaning correlative thereto. For the avoidance of doubt, none of the Lead Arrangers, the Agents, or their respective lending affiliates shall be deemed to be an Affiliate of the Loan Parties or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries.

 

Agent Parties” has the meaning specified in Section 11.02(e).

 

Agent-Related Persons” means the Agents, together with their respective Affiliates, and the officers, directors, shareholders, employees, agents, attorney-in-fact, partners, trustees, advisors and other representatives of such Persons and of such Persons’ Affiliates.

 

Agents” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Supplemental Administrative Agents (if any), the Joint Bookrunners and the Lead Arrangers.

 

Aggregate Commitments” means the Commitments of all the Lenders.

 

Agreement” means this Credit Agreement, as amended, restated, amended and restated, modified or supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof.

 

AHYDO Catch Up Payment” has the meaning specified in Section 7.09(a)(viii).

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements” means the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity (deficit), and cash flows for the fiscal year then ended.

 

Applicable Benchmark” means,

 

(a)            with respect to the Revolving Facility with respect to which commitments are provided on the Closing Date, Adjusted Term SOFR; and

 

(b)            with respect any Term Loans or any Incremental Facility, as specified in the applicable Incremental Amendment, Extension Amendment or Refinancing Amendment;

 

provided that if a Benchmark Transition Event has occurred with respect to an Applicable Benchmark for a Facility, then the “Applicable Benchmark” for such Facility means the applicable Benchmark Replacement if such Benchmark Replacement has replaced the Applicable Benchmark for such Facility pursuant to Section 11.01(f).

 

Applicable Commitment Fee” means a percentage per annum that shall be equal to,

 

(a)            from the Closing Date until the date the Borrower delivers an Initial Rate Certificate (as defined in the definition of Applicable Rate) to the Administrative Agent, 0.375% per annum, and

 

(b)            thereafter, the applicable rate per annum set forth below under the caption “Applicable Commitment Fee” based upon the Secured Net Leverage Ratio as of the last day of the most recent Test Period as set forth in the most recent Compliance Certificate received by the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 6.02(a):

 

Secured Net Leverage Ratio  Applicable Commitment Fee 
Equal to or below 0.50 to 1.00   0.30%
Equal to or below 1.00 to 1.00, but above 0.50 to 1.00   0.325%
Equal to or below 1.50 to 1.00, but above 1.00 to 1.00   0.35%
Equal to or below 2.00 to 1.00, but above 1.50 to 1.00   0.375%
Equal to or below 3.00 to 1.00, but above 2.00 to 1.00   0.40%
Above 3.00 to 1.00   0.425%

 

3

 

 

No change in the Applicable Commitment Fee shall be effective until three Business Days after the date on which the Administrative Agent shall have received the Initial Rate Certificate or the applicable financial statements and a Compliance Certificate pursuant to Section 6.02(a) calculating the Secured Net Leverage Ratio. At any time the Borrower has not submitted to the Administrative Agent the applicable information as and when required under Section 6.02(a), the Applicable Commitment Fee shall be determined as if the Secured Net Leverage Ratio were in excess of 3.00 to 1.00. Within one Business Day of receipt of the Initial Rate Certificate or the applicable information under Section 6.02(a), the Administrative Agent shall give each Lender telefacsimile or telephonic notice (confirmed in writing) of the Applicable Commitment Fee in effect from such date. In the event that the Initial Rate Certificate or any financial statement or certificate delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) is determined to be inaccurate (at a time prior to the satisfaction of the Termination Conditions), and such inaccuracy, if corrected, would have led to the application of a higher Applicable Commitment Fee for any period (an “Applicable Commitment Fee Period”) than the Applicable Commitment Fee applied for such Applicable Commitment Fee Period, then (a) the Borrower shall promptly (and in any event within five Business Days) following such determination deliver to the Administrative Agent a corrected Initial Rate Certificate or correct financial statements and certificate required by Section 6.02(a) for such Applicable Commitment Fee Period, (b) the Applicable Commitment Fee for such Applicable Commitment Fee Period shall be determined as if the Secured Net Leverage Ratio were determined based on the amounts set forth in such correct financial statements and certificates and (c) the Borrower shall promptly (and in any event within ten Business Days) following delivery of such corrected financial statements and certificate pay to the Administrative Agent the accrued additional amounts owing as a result of such increased Applicable Commitment Fee for such Applicable Commitment Fee Period. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth herein, the provisions of this final paragraph (but not any of the other provisions of this definition preceding this final paragraph) may be amended or waived as provided in Section 11.01(a)(i).

 

Applicable Commitment Fee Period” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Applicable Commitment Fee.

 

Applicable Decimal Place” has the meaning specified in Section 1.04.

 

Applicable Law” means, as to any Person, all applicable Laws binding upon such Person or to which such a Person is subject.

 

Applicable Rate” means:

 

(a)            Initially, with respect to Revolving Loans a percentage per annum equal to, (i) for Benchmark Rate Loans, 2.50% and (ii) for Base Rate Loans, 1.50%; provided that within five Business Days of the Initial Extension Date, the Borrower shall deliver a calculation of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio as of the Initial Extension Date (the “Initial Rate Certificate”) to the Administrative Agent and the “Applicable Rate” for Revolving Loans shall be the applicable rate per annum set forth below under the caption “Alternate Base Rate Spread” or “Benchmark Rate Spread,” respectively, based upon the Secured Net Leverage Ratio received by the Administrative Agent pursuant to this proviso:

 

Secured Net Leverage Ratio  Alternate
Base Rate Spread
   Benchmark
Rate Spread
 
Equal to or below 0.50 to 1.00   0.75%   1.75%
Equal to or below 1.00 to 1.00, but above 0.50 to 1.00   1.00%   2.00%
Equal to or below 1.50 to 1.00, but above 1.00 to 1.00   1.25%   2.25%
Equal to or below 2.00 to 1.00, but above 1.50 to 1.00   1.50%   2.50%
Equal to or below 3.00 to 1.00, but above 2.00 to 1.00   1.75%   2.75%
Above 3.00 to 1.00   2.00%   3.00%

 

4

 

 

(b)            thereafter, with respect to the Revolving Loans, the “Alternative Base Rate Spread” or “Benchmark Rate Spread”, respectively, set forth above based upon the Secured Net Leverage Ratio as of the last day of the most recent Test Period as set forth in the most recent Compliance Certificate received by the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 6.02(a);

 

No change in the Applicable Rate set forth above resulting from a change in the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, shall be effective until three Business Days after the date on which the Administrative Agent shall have received the Initial Rate Certificate or the applicable financial statements and a Compliance Certificate pursuant to Section 6.02(a) calculating the Secured Net Leverage Ratio. At any time the Borrower has not submitted to the Administrative Agent the applicable information as and when required under Section 6.02(a), the Applicable Rate for Revolving Loans shall be determined as if the Secured Net Leverage Ratio were in excess of 3.00 to 1.00. Within one Business Day of receipt of the Initial Rate Certificate or the applicable information under Section 6.02(a), the Administrative Agent shall give each Lender telefacsimile or telephonic notice (confirmed in writing) of the Applicable Rate in effect from such date. In the event that the Initial Rate Certificate or any financial statement or certificate delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) is determined to be inaccurate (at a time prior to the satisfaction of the Termination Conditions), and such inaccuracy, if corrected, would have led to the application of a higher Applicable Rate for any period than the Applicable Rate applied for such period, then (a) the Borrower shall promptly (and in any event within five Business Days) following such determination deliver to the Administrative Agent a corrected Initial Rate Certificate or correct financial statements and certificate required by Section 6.02(a) for such period, (b) the Applicable Rate for such period shall be determined as if the Secured Net Leverage Ratio were determined based on the amounts set forth in such correct financial statements and certificates and (c) the Borrower shall promptly (and in any event within ten Business Days) following delivery of such corrected financial statements and certificates pay to the Administrative Agent the accrued additional interest owing as a result of such increased Applicable Rate for such period. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth herein, the provisions of this final paragraph (but not any of the other provisions of this clause of this definition preceding this final paragraph) may be amended or waived as provided in Section 11.01(a)(i); and

 

(c)            with respect any Incremental Facility, as specified in the applicable Incremental Amendment, Extension Amendment or Refinancing Amendment.

 

Appropriate Lender” means, at any time, with respect to Loans of any Class, the Lenders of such Class.

 

Approved Bank” has the meaning given to such term in the definition of “Cash Equivalents”.

 

Approved Fund” means, with respect to any Lender, any Fund that is administered, advised or managed by (a) such Lender, (b) an Affiliate of such Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers, advises or manages such Lender.

 

Assignment and Assumption” means an Assignment and Assumption substantially in the form of Exhibit D-1 or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent.

 

Attorney Costs” means all reasonable and documented in reasonable detail fees, expenses, charges and disbursements of any law firm or other external legal counsel.

 

Attributable Indebtedness” means, on any date, in respect of any Capitalized Lease of any Person, the capitalized amount thereof that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP.

 

Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit” has the meaning specified in Section 2.04(b)(iii).

 

5

 

 

Available Amount” means, as of any date of determination (such date, the “Reference Date”), with respect to the applicable Available Amount Reference Period, a cumulative amount equal to the sum of, without duplication:

 

(a)            the greater of (i) $100,000,000 and (ii) 50% of TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as of the applicable date of determination; plus

 

(b)            an amount equal to 50% of cumulative Consolidated Net Income for such Available Amount Reference Period; provided that when measuring such amount (i) Consolidated Net Income will be deemed not to be less than zero in any fiscal year and (ii) Consolidated Net Income for any fiscal year will be deemed to be zero until the financial statements required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) for such fiscal year, and the related Compliance Certificate required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.02(a) for such fiscal year, have been received by the Administrative Agent; plus

 

(c)            the aggregate amount of all Permitted Equity Issuances during the period from and including the Business Day immediately following the Closing Date through and including the Reference Date to the extent Not Otherwise Applied; plus

 

(d)            to the extent not reflected as a return of capital with respect to such Investment for purposes of determining the amount of such Investment pursuant to Section 7.02, the aggregate amount of all cash dividends and other cash distributions received by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary from any Minority Investments or Unrestricted Subsidiaries during the period from and including the Business Day immediately following the Closing Date through and including the Reference Date; plus

 

(e)            to the extent not reflected as a return of capital with respect to such Investment for purposes of determining the amount of such Investment pursuant to Section 7.02, the aggregate amount of all Investments of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries in any Unrestricted Subsidiary that has been re-designated as a Restricted Subsidiary or that has been merged or consolidated with or into the Borrower or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries (up to the lesser of (i) the fair market value of such Investments of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries in such Unrestricted Subsidiary at the time of such re-designation or merger or consolidation and (ii) the fair market value of such Investments by the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries in such Unrestricted Subsidiary at the time they were made); plus

 

(f)             to the extent not reflected as a return of capital with respect to such Investment for purposes of determining the amount of such Investment pursuant to Section 7.02, the aggregate amount of all net cash proceeds received by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in connection with the Disposition of its ownership interest in any Minority Investment or Unrestricted Subsidiary during the period from and including the Business Day immediately following the Closing Date through and including the Reference Date; plus

 

(g)            to the extent (i) not reflected as a return of capital with respect to such Investment for purposes of determining the amount of such Investment pursuant to Section 7.02 and (ii) not in excess of the fair market value of such Investment at the time it was made, the aggregate amount of all returns (including repayments of principal and payments of interest), profits, distributions and similar amounts received in cash or Cash Equivalents by the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries on Investments made by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in reliance on the Available Amount; plus

 

6

 

 

(h)            any amount of mandatory prepayments of Pari Passu Lien Debt of the Borrower (and any Permitted Refinancing of the foregoing), to the extent such amount was required to be applied to offer to repurchase or otherwise prepay such Indebtedness and the holders of such Pari Passu Lien Debt declined such repurchase or prepayment; plus

 

(i)             [reserved]; minus

 

(j)             the aggregate amount of any Investments made pursuant to Section 7.02(gg)(i), during the period commencing on the Closing Date and ending on the applicable date of determination (for purposes of this clause, without taking account of the intended usage of the Available Amount on such applicable date of determination in the contemplated transaction).

 

Available Amount Reference Period” means, with respect to any applicable date of measurement of the Available Amount, the day after the Closing Date through and including such date of measurement.

 

Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an Affected Financial Institution.

 

Bail-In Legislation” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law, regulation, rule or requirement for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 (as amended from time to time) and any other law, regulation or rule applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).

 

Base Rate” means for any day for any Loan or other Obligation a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of,

 

(a)            the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%,

 

(b)            the Prime Rate, and

 

(c)            the Applicable Benchmark for such Loan on such day (or, if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day) for an Interest Period of one month plus 1.00%;

 

provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, the “Base Rate” with respect to any Revolving Loans shall in no event be less than 0% per annum.

 

Base Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest based on the Base Rate.

 

Benchmark” means, with respect to any Facility, the rate (other than Base Rate) to which the Applicable Rate is added when computing interest on the principal amount outstanding such Facility.

 

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Benchmark Available Tenor” means, as of any date of determination, with respect to any Facility, and with respect to the then-current Applicable Benchmark for such Facility, as applicable,

 

(a)            if such Applicable Benchmark is a term rate, any tenor for such Applicable Benchmark (or component thereof) that is or may be used for determining the length of an interest period pursuant to this Agreement, or

 

(b)            otherwise, any payment period for interest calculated with reference to such Applicable Benchmark (or component thereof) that is or may be used for determining any frequency of making payments of interest calculated with reference to such Applicable Benchmark pursuant to this Agreement,

 

in each case, as of such date and not including, for the avoidance of doubt, any tenor for such Applicable Benchmark that is then-removed from the definition of “Interest Period” pursuant Section 11.01(f).

 

Benchmark Government Authority” means,

 

(a)            with respect to a Benchmark Replacement in respect of Loans denominated in Dollars, the FRB and/or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the FRB and/or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York of any successor thereto;

 

(b)            with respect to a Benchmark Replacement in respect of Loans denominated in Pounds Sterling, the Bank of England, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the Bank of England or, in each case, any successor thereto;

 

(c)            with respect to a Benchmark Replacement in respect of Loans denominated in Euros, the European Central Bank, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the European Central Bank or, in each case, any successor thereto; and

 

(d)            with respect to a Benchmark Replacement in respect of Loans denominated in any other currency, (i) the central bank for the currency in which such Benchmark Replacement is denominated or any central bank or other supervisor which is responsible for supervising either (A) such Benchmark Replacement or (B) the administrator of such Benchmark Replacement or (ii) any working group or committee officially endorsed or convened by (A) the central bank for the currency in which such Benchmark Replacement is denominated, (B) any central bank or other supervisor that is responsible for supervising either (I) such Benchmark Replacement or (II) the administrator of such Benchmark Replacement, or (C) a group of those central banks or other supervisors.

 

Benchmark Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest at an Applicable Benchmark.

 

Benchmark Replacement” means,

 

(a)            with respect to any Benchmark Transition Event described in clauses (a) or (b) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event” for a Facility denominated in Dollars the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the Administrative Agent for the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date:

 

(i)             in the case of Loans denominated in Dollars:

 

(A)              if Applicable Benchmark subject to the Benchmark Transition Event is Adjusted Term SOFR, the sum of: (1) Daily Simple SOFR and (2) related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment; and

 

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(B)              otherwise, the alternate benchmark rate that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower giving due consideration to (1) any selection or recommendation of a replacement benchmark rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the Benchmark Government Authority or (2) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a benchmark rate as a replacement to the then-current Benchmark for Dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities,

 

(b)            with respect to any Benchmark Transition Event not described in clause (a) above, the sum of (i) the alternate benchmark rate that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower giving due consideration to (A) any selection or recommendation of a replacement benchmark rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the Benchmark Government Authority or (B) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a benchmark rate as a replacement to the then-current Benchmark for syndicated credit facilities in the currency of the applicable Facility, and (ii) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.

 

Benchmark Replacement Adjustment” means, with respect to any replacement of the then-current Applicable Benchmark for any Facility with an Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement, the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower giving due consideration to (a) any selection or recommendation of a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Applicable Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement by the Benchmark Government Authority or (b) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Applicable Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for syndicated credit facilities denominated in the currency of the applicable Facility at such time.

 

Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes” means, with respect to either the use or administration of an Applicable Benchmark or the use, administration, adoption or implementation of any Benchmark Replacement, any technical, administrative or operational changes (including changes to the definition of “Base Rate,” the definition of “Business Day,” the definition of “U.S. Government Securities Business Day,” the definition of “Interest Period” or any similar or analogous definition (or the addition of a concept of “interest period”), timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest, timing of borrowing requests or prepayment, conversion or continuation notices, the applicability and length of lookback periods, the applicability of Section 11.01(f) and other technical, administrative or operational matters) that the Administrative Agent (in consultation with the Borrower) decides may be appropriate to reflect the adoption and implementation of any such rate or to permit the use and administration thereof by the Administrative Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Administrative Agent decides that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Administrative Agent determines that no market practice for the administration of any such rate exists, in such other manner of administration as the Administrative Agent (in consultation with the Borrower) decides is reasonably necessary in connection with the administration of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents).

 

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Benchmark Replacement Date” means, with respect to any Facility, the earliest to occur of the following events with respect to the then-current Applicable Benchmark for such Facility:

 

(a)            in the case of clause (a) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the later of, (i) the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein, (ii) the date on which the administrator of such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) permanently or indefinitely ceases to provide all Benchmark Available Tenors of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component thereof), and (iii) the date the Borrower receives written notice from the Administrative Agent that is reasonably determined that the circumstances described in Section 3.03 have arisen with respect to such Applicable Benchmark and that such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary; or

 

(b)            in the case of clause (b) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the first date on which such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) has been determined and announced by the Benchmark Administrator of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component thereof) to be non-representative; provided that such non-representativeness will be determined by reference to the most recent statement or publication referenced in such clause (b) and even if any Benchmark Available Tenor of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component thereof) continues to be provided on such date.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, the “Benchmark Replacement Date” will be deemed to have occurred in the case of clause (a) or (b) with respect to any Applicable Benchmark upon the occurrence of the applicable event or events set forth therein with respect to all then-current Benchmark Available Tenors of such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof).

 

Benchmark Transition Event” means, with respect to any Facility, the occurrence of one or more of the following events with respect to the then-current Applicable Benchmark for such Facility:

 

(a)            either (i) a public statement or publication of information by or on behalf of the administrator of such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof), the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof), an insolvency official with jurisdiction over the administrator for such Applicable Benchmark (or such component), a resolution authority with jurisdiction over the administrator for such Applicable Benchmark (or such component), or a court or an entity with similar insolvency or resolution authority over the administrator for such Applicable Benchmark (or such component) (each of the foregoing, a “Benchmark Administrator”), stating or announcing that the administrator of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component) has ceased or will cease, to provide all Benchmark Available Tenors of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component thereof), permanently or indefinitely; provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide any Benchmark Available Tenor of such Applicable Benchmark (or such component thereof) or (ii) the Administrative Agent reasonably determines that the circumstances described in Section 3.03 have arisen with respect to such Applicable Benchmark and such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary;

 

(b)            a public statement or publication of information by or on behalf of a Benchmark Administrator for such Applicable Benchmark that such Applicable Benchmark (or the published component used in the calculation thereof) is no longer representative; or

 

(c)            an event has occurred that would require such Applicable Benchmark set forth in any non speculative interest rate Hedge Agreement related to such Facility to be amended by adherence to a final protocol published by, or other amendment promulgated by, the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. (“ISDA”) to facilitate the replacement of such Applicable Benchmark or if any non speculative interest rate Hedge Agreement related to such Facility is entered into after the Closing Date and is subject to ISDA definitions amended after the Closing Date that reflect a replacement of such Applicable Benchmark used in this Agreement on the Closing Date.

 

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Benchmark Unavailability Period” means, for any Facility, the period (if any) (a) beginning at the time that a Benchmark Replacement Date for such Facility has occurred if, at such time, no Benchmark Replacement has replaced the then-current Applicable Benchmark for such Facility in accordance with Section 11.01(f) and (b) ending at the time that a Benchmark Replacement for such Facility has replaced the then-current Applicable Benchmark for such Facility in accordance with Section 11.01(f).

 

Beneficial Ownership Certification” means a certification regarding beneficial ownership as required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, it being agreed delivery of a signed LSTA Beneficial Ownership Form shall qualify as such a certification.

 

Beneficial Ownership Regulation” means 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.

 

Benefit Plan” means any of (a) an “employee benefit plan” (as defined in ERISA) that is subject to Title I of ERISA, (b) a “plan” as defined in and subject to Section 4975 of the Code or (c) any Person whose assets include (for purposes of ERISA Section 3(42) or otherwise for purposes of Title I of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) the assets of any such “employee benefit plan” or “plan.”

 

BHC Act Affiliate” of a party means an “affiliate” (as such term is defined under, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. 1841(k)) of such party.

 

Board of Directors” means, as to any Person, the board of directors, board of managers or other governing body of such Person, or if such Person is owned or managed by a single entity, the board of directors, board of managers or other governing body of such entity, and the term “directors” means members of the Board of Directors.

 

Borrower” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

 

Borrower Materials” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.

 

Borrowing” means a borrowing consisting of Loans of the same Class and Type made, converted or continued on the same date and, in the case of Benchmark Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period.

 

Business Day” means any day,

 

(a)            other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in New York City are authorized or required by law to remain closed;

 

(b)            solely if such day relates to any interest rate settings as to a Benchmark Rate Loan priced with reference to SOFR any day described in clause (a) above other than a day that the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association recommends that the fixed income departments of its members be closed for the entire day for purposes of trading in United States government securities (a “U.S. Government Securities Business Day”);

 

Capital Expenditures” means, for any period, the aggregate of all expenditures (whether paid in cash or accrued as liabilities and including in all events all amounts expended or capitalized under Capitalized Leases) by the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries during such period that, in conformity with GAAP, are or are required to be included as capital expenditures on the consolidated statement of cash flows of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries.

 

Capitalized Lease Obligation” means, at the time any determination thereof is to be made, the amount of the liability in respect of a Capitalized Lease that would at such time be required to be capitalized and reflected as a liability on a balance sheet (excluding the footnotes thereto) prepared in accordance with GAAP.

 

11

 

 

Capitalized Leases” means all capital leases that have been or are required to be, in accordance with GAAP recorded as capitalized leases; provided that unless the Borrower elects otherwise, all obligations of any Person that are or would have been treated as operating leases for purposes of GAAP prior to the issuance by the Financial Accounting Standards Board on February 25, 2016 of an Accounting Standards Update (the “ASU”) shall continue to be accounted for as operating leases for purposes of all financial definitions (including the definition of Indebtedness), calculations and deliverables under this Agreement or any other Loan Document (whether or not such operating lease obligations were in effect on such date) notwithstanding the fact that such obligations are required in accordance with the ASU or otherwise (on a prospective or retroactive basis or otherwise) to be treated as or to be recharacterized as capital lease obligations or otherwise accounted for as liabilities in financial statements.

 

Cash Collateral Account” means an account held at, and subject to the sole dominion and control of, the Collateral Agent.

 

Cash Collateralize” means, in respect of an Obligation, to provide and pledge (as a first priority perfected security interest) cash collateral in Dollars, at a location and pursuant to documentation in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent or the applicable Issuing Bank, as applicable (and “Cash Collateralization” has a corresponding meaning). “Cash Collateral” shall have a meaning correlative to the foregoing and shall include the proceeds of such cash collateral and other credit support.

 

Cash Equivalents” means any of the following types of Investments (including for the avoidance of doubt, cash), to the extent owned by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary:

 

(a)            Dollars, Euros, Pounds Sterling, Swiss Francs and Canadian dollars;

 

(b)            such other currencies held by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary from time to time in the ordinary course of business;

 

(c)            (i) readily marketable obligations issued or directly and fully guaranteed or insured by the government or any agency or instrumentality of (A) the United States, (B) the United Kingdom or (C) any member nation of the European Union, in each case, rated A-2 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or P-2 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s, having average maturities of not more than 24 months from the date of acquisition thereof and (ii) securities with average maturities of 24 months or less from the date of acquisition issued or fully guaranteed by any state, commonwealth or territory of the United States, or by any political subdivision or taxing authority of any such state, commonwealth or territory having an investment grade rating from either S&P or Moody’s (or the equivalent thereof);

 

(d)            (i) time deposits or demand deposits with, or certificates of deposit or bankers’ acceptances of, any commercial bank or credit union (A) that is a Lender or (B) that has combined capital and surplus of at least (1) $250,000,000 in the case of U.S. banks or credit unions and (2) $100,000,000 (or the Dollar Equivalent as of the date of determination) in the case of non-U.S. banks or credit unions, or (C) that is otherwise in compliance with all applicable statutorily mandated capital requirements applicable to it (any such bank or credit union meeting the requirements of clause (A), (B) or (C) above being an “Approved Bank”), or (D) to the extent entitled to the benefit of deposit insurance, including deposit insurance provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, in each case with average maturities of not more than 12 months from the date of acquisition thereof and (ii) any securities entitlements in respect of any of the foregoing;

 

12

 

 

(e)            repurchase agreements and repurchase obligations for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (c) and (d) above entered into with any financial institution meeting the qualifications specified in clause (d) above for an Approved Bank;

 

(f)             (i) commercial paper and variable or fixed rate notes issued by a Lender or an Approved Bank, or in each case, by a parent company thereof, or (ii) any variable or fixed rate note issued by, or guaranteed by, a corporation rated A-2 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or P-2 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s, in each case (i) and (ii), with average maturities of not more than 24 months from the date of acquisition thereof;

 

(g)            marketable short-term money market and similar highly liquid funds either (i) having assets in excess of (A) $250,000,000 in the case of U.S. banks or other U.S. financial institutions or (B) $100,000,000 (or the Dollar Equivalent as of the date of determination) in the case of non-U.S. banks or other non-U.S. financial institutions or (ii) having a rating of at least P-2 or A-2 from Moody’s or S&P, respectively (or, if at any time neither Moody’s nor S&P shall be rating such obligations, an equivalent rating from another nationally recognized statistical rating agency) or (ii) with a Lender or Approved Bank;

 

(h)            investments with average maturities of 24 months or less from the date of acquisition in mutual funds rated A (or the equivalent thereof) or better by S&P or A2 (or the equivalent thereof) or better by Moody’s;

 

(i)             instruments equivalent to those referred to in clauses (a) through (h) above denominated in Euro or any other foreign currency comparable in credit quality and tenor to those referred to above and customarily used by corporations for cash management purposes in any jurisdiction outside the United States to the extent reasonably required in connection with any business conducted by any Subsidiary organized in such jurisdiction; and

 

(j)             investment funds (including money market funds) investing substantially all of their assets in securities of the types described in clauses (a) through (h) above, or that are entitled to the benefit of (and to the extent covered by) deposit insurance provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or otherwise.

 

In the case of Investments by any Foreign Subsidiary that is a Restricted Subsidiary or Investments made in a jurisdiction outside the United States of America, Cash Equivalents shall also include (i) investments of the type and maturity described in clauses (a) through (k) above in foreign obligors, which Investments or obligors (or the parents of such obligors) have ratings described in such clauses or equivalent ratings from comparable foreign rating agencies and (ii) other short-term investments in accordance with normal investment practices for cash management in investments analogous to the foregoing investments in clauses (a) through (k) above and in this paragraph. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Cash Equivalents shall include amounts denominated in currencies other than those set forth in clause (a) or (b) above; provided that such amounts, except amounts used to pay obligations of the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary denominated in any currency other than Dollars in the ordinary course of business, are converted into Dollars as promptly as practicable and in any event within ten Business Days following the receipt of such amounts.

 

Cash Management Bank” means, any Person that is (or becomes) an Agent, a Lender or a Lead Arranger or an Affiliate of any of the foregoing, either (i) on the Closing Date, (ii) at the time it initially provides any Cash Management Services or (iii) within 45 days after the date it initially provides any Cash Management Services, in each case, whether or not such Person subsequently ceases to be an Agent, a Lender or a Lead Arranger or an Affiliate of any of the foregoing.

 

13

 

 

Cash Management Obligations” means obligations owed by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary to any Cash Management Bank in respect of or in connection with any Cash Management Services and designated by the Cash Management Bank and the Borrower in writing to the Administrative Agent as “Cash Management Obligations”.

 

Cash Management Services” means any agreement or arrangement to provide cash management services, including treasury, depository, overdraft, credit card processing, credit or debit card, purchase card, electronic funds transfer and other similar cash management arrangements.

 

Casualty Event” means any event that gives rise to the receipt by a Loan Party or any Restricted Subsidiary thereof of any property or casualty insurance proceeds or any condemnation awards, in each case, in respect of any equipment, fixed assets or real property (including any improvements thereon) to replace or repair such equipment, fixed assets or real property.

 

Causes of Action” means any and all claims, actions, causes of action, choses in action, suits, debts, damages, dues, sums of money, accounts, reckonings, bonds, bills, specialties, covenants, contracts, controversies, agreements, promises, variances, trespasses, judgments, remedies, rights of set-off, third party claims, subrogation claims, contribution claims, reimbursement claims, indemnity claims, counterclaims, cross-claims, whether known or unknown, liquidated or unliquidated, fixed or contingent, matured or unmatured, disputed or undisputed, whether direct, indirect, derivative, or otherwise, whether arising before, on, or after the Closing Date, in contract or in tort, in law (whether local, state, or federal U.S. or non-U.S. law) or in equity, or pursuant to any other theory of local, state, or federal U.S. or non-U.S. law. For the avoidance of doubt, “Cause of Action” includes: (a) any right of setoff, counterclaim, or recoupment and any claim for breach of contract or for breach of duties imposed by law or in equity; (b) any claim based on or relating to, or in any manner arising from, in whole or in part, tort, breach of contract, breach of fiduciary duty, fraudulent transfer or fraudulent conveyance or voidable transaction law, violation of local. state, or federal or non-U.S. law or breach of any duty imposed by law or in equity, including securities laws, negligence, and gross negligence; (c) any claim pursuant to section 362 or chapter 5 of the title 11 of the United States Code or similar local, state, or federal U.S. or non-U.S. law; (d) any claim or defense including fraud, mistake, duress, and usury, and any other defenses set forth in section 558 of title 11 of the United States Code; (e) any state or foreign law pertaining to actual or constructive fraudulent transfer, fraudulent conveyance, or similar claim; and (f) any “lender liability” or equitable subordination claims or defenses.

 

Change in Law” means the occurrence, after the date of this Agreement, of any of the following:

 

(a)            the adoption or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty (excluding the taking effect after the date of this Agreement of a law, rule, regulation or treaty adopted prior to the date of this Agreement);

 

(b)            any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority; or

 

(c)            the making or issuance of any request, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority.

 

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It is understood and agreed that (i) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Pub. L. 111-203, H.R. 4173), all Laws relating thereto, all interpretations and applications thereof and any compliance by a Lender with any and all requests, rules, guidelines, requirements and directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith or in implementation thereof or relating thereto and (ii) all requests, rules, guidelines, requirements or directives issued by any United States or foreign regulatory authority in connection with the implementation of the recommendations of the Bank for International Settlements or the Basel Committee on Banking Regulations and Supervisory Practices (or any successor or similar authority) in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall, for the purposes of this Agreement, be deemed to be adopted subsequent to the date hereof and a Change in Law regardless of the date enacted, adopted, issued, promulgated or implemented.

 

Change of Control” means (a) any Person or Persons constituting a “group” (as such term is used in Section 13(d) and Section 14(d) of the Exchange Act, but excluding any employee benefit plan of such Person and its Subsidiaries, and any Person acting in its capacity as trustee, agent or other fiduciary or administrator of any such plan), becoming the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rules 13(d)-3 and 13(d)-5 under such Act), directly or indirectly, of Equity Interests representing more than forty percent of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by the then issued and outstanding Equity Interests of the Borrower, (b) the occurrence of any “Change of Control” (or term of similar import) as defined and used in any Material Indebtedness loan documents or (c) occupation at any time of a majority of the seats (other than vacant seats) on the board of directors of the Borrower by Persons who were not (i) directors of the Borrower on the Closing Date, (ii) nominated or approved by the board of directors of the Borrower or (iii) appointed by directors so nominated or approved.

 

Class” when used in reference to,

 

(a)            any Loan or Borrowing, refers to whether such Loan, or the Loans comprising such Borrowing, are an issuance of Revolving Loans, an issuance of Incremental Term Loans, Incremental Revolving Loans, an issuance of Refinancing Term Loans, Refinancing Revolving Loans, Extended Revolving Loans or an issuance of Extended Term Loans;

 

(b)            any Commitment, refers to whether such Commitment is (i) a Commitment in respect of Revolving Loans, (ii) a Refinancing Term Commitment (and, in the case of a Refinancing Term Commitment, the Class of Loans to which such commitment relates), (iii) a Commitment in respect of a Class of Loans to be made pursuant to an Incremental Amendment or an Extension Amendment, or (iv) a Refinancing Revolving Commitment (and, in the case of a Refinancing Revolving Commitment, the Class of Loans to which such commitment relates); and

 

(c)            any Lender, refers to whether such Lender has a Loan or Commitment with respect to a particular Class of Loans or Commitments.

 

Refinancing Term Commitments, Refinancing Revolving Commitments, Refinancing Term Loans, Refinancing Revolving Loans, Incremental Term Loans, Extended Revolving Loans, Extended Term Loans and any other Loans that have different terms and conditions shall be construed to be in different Classes.

 

Closing Date” means the first date on which all of the conditions precedent in Section 4.01 are satisfied or waived in accordance with Section 11.01.

 

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time.

 

Collateral” means all the “Collateral” (or equivalent term) as defined in any Collateral Document and all other property that is subject or purported to be subject to any Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to any Collateral Document, but in any event excluding all Excluded Assets.

 

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Collateral Agent” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement.

 

Collateral Documents” means, collectively, the Security Agreement, the Intellectual Property Security Agreements, Security Agreement Supplements, or other similar agreements delivered to the Agents and the Lenders pursuant to Section 4.01(a), 6.11, 6.12 or 6.15, and each of the other agreements, instruments or documents that creates or purports to create a Lien in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

 

Commitments” means the Revolving Commitments and the Term Loan Commitments (if any).

 

Committed Loan Notice” means a notice of a Borrowing pursuant to Article II which, if in writing, shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A-1.

 

Commodity Exchange Act” means the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. § 1 et seq.), as amended from time to time, and any successor statute.

 

Company Person” means any future, current or former officer, director, manager, member, member of management, employee, consultant or independent contractor of the Borrower or any Subsidiary.

 

Compliance Certificate” means a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit C.

 

Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.

 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA” means, with respect to any Person for any Test Period, the Consolidated Net Income of such Person for such Test Period:

 

(a)            increased, without duplication (solely to the extent deducted (and not excluded) in calculating Consolidated Net Income, other than in respect of clauses (xvi) and (xxx) below), by the following items of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP:

 

 (i)              interest expense, including (A) imputed interest on Capitalized Lease Obligations and Attributable Indebtedness (which, in each case, will be deemed to accrue at the interest rate reasonably determined by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower to be the rate of interest implicit in such Capitalized Lease Obligations or Attributable Indebtedness), (B) commissions, discounts and other fees, charges and expenses owed with respect to letters of credit, bankers’ acceptance financing, surety and performance bonds and receivables financings, (C) amortization and write-offs of deferred financing fees, debt issuance costs, debt discounts, commissions, fees, premium and other expenses, as well as expensing of bridge, commitment or financing fees, (D) payments made in respect of hedging obligations or other derivative instruments entered into for the purpose of hedging interest rate risk, (E) cash contributions to any employee stock ownership plan or similar trust to the extent such contributions are used by such plan or trust to pay interest or fees to any Person (other than such Person or a wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary) in connection with Indebtedness incurred by such plan or trust, (F) all interest paid or payable with respect to discontinued operations, (G) the interest portion of any deferred payment obligations, (H) all interest on any Indebtedness that is (1) Indebtedness of others secured by any Lien on property owned or acquired by such Person or its Restricted Subsidiaries, whether or not the obligations secured thereby have been assumed, but limited to the fair market value of such property or (2) contingent obligations in respect of Indebtedness; provided that any such interest expense shall be calculated after giving effect to Hedge Agreements related to interest rates (including associated costs), but excluding unrealized gains and losses with respect to such Hedge Agreements and (I) fees and expenses paid to the Administrative Agent (in its capacity as such and for its own account) pursuant to the Loan Documents; plus

 

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(ii)               taxes based on gross receipts, income, profits or revenue or capital, franchise, excise, property, commercial activity, sales, use, unitary or similar taxes, and foreign withholding taxes, including (A) penalties and interest and (B) tax distributions made to any direct or indirect holders of Equity Interests of such Person in respect of any such taxes attributable to such Person and/or its Restricted Subsidiaries or pursuant to a tax sharing arrangement or as a result of a tax distribution or repatriated funds; plus

 

(iii)             depreciation expense and amortization expense (including amortization and similar charges related to goodwill, customer relationships, trade names, databases, technology, software, internal labor costs, deferred financing fees or costs and other intangible assets); plus

 

(iv)             SaaS Expenditures; plus

 

(v)              non-cash items (provided that if any such non-cash item represents an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future period, (A) the Borrower may determine not to add back such non-cash item in the current Test Period and (B) to the extent the Borrower decides to add back such non-cash expense or charge, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period will be subtracted from Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in such future period), including the following: (1) non-cash expenses in connection with, or resulting from, equity-based awards compensation, including stock option plans, employee benefit plans or agreements or post-employment benefit plans or agreements, or grants or sales of stock, stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock, preferred stock or other similar rights, (2) non-cash currency translation losses related to changes in currency exchange rates (including re-measurements of Indebtedness (including intercompany Indebtedness) and any net non-cash loss resulting from hedge agreements for currency exchange risk), (3) [reserved], (4) non-cash charges for deferred tax asset valuation allowances, (5) non-cash impairment charge or asset write-off or write-down related to intangible assets (including goodwill), long-lived assets, and Investments in debt and equity securities, (6) non-cash charges or losses resulting from any business combination accounting adjustment or any step-ups with respect to re-valuing assets and liabilities in connection with the Transactions or any Investments either existing or arising after the Closing Date, (7) non-cash losses from Investments either existing or arising after the Closing Date recorded using the equity method, (8) the excess of GAAP rent expense over actual cash rent paid during such period due to the use of straight line rent for GAAP purposes and (9) any non-cash interest expense; plus

 

(vi)             unusual, extraordinary, or non-recurring items, whether or not classified as such under GAAP; plus

 

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(vii)            charges, costs, losses, expenses or reserves related to or incurred in connection with the following: (A) restructuring (including restructuring charges or reserves, whether or not classified as such under GAAP), severance, relocation, consolidation, integration or other similar items, (B) strategic and/or business initiatives; business optimization initiatives (including costs and expenses relating to reporting systems and technology initiatives); strategic initiatives; retention, severance, and similar items; systems establishment costs; systems conversion and integration costs; contract termination costs; recruiting and relocation costs and expenses; costs, expenses and charges incurred in connection with curtailments or modifications to pension and post-retirement employee benefits plans; costs associated with start-up, pre-opening, opening, closure, transition and/or consolidation of distribution centers, operations, offices and facilities, including in connection with the Transactions and any Permitted Investment, any acquisition or other Investment; new systems design and implementation; and consulting fees and expenses relating to enhancing accounting functions, (C) business or facilities (including greenfield facilities) start-up, opening, transition, consolidation, shut-down and closing, (D) signing, retention and completion bonuses, (E) severance, relocation or recruiting, (F) a public company registration, listing, compliance, reporting or related activity, (G) litigation (including threatened litigation), settlements, investigations (including internal investigations) and proceedings (or any threatened investigations or proceedings), including by any regulatory, governmental, law enforcement body, or attorney general, and (H) casualty events or asset sales outside the ordinary course of business; plus

 

(viii)           all (A) costs, fees and expenses relating to the Transactions, (B) costs, fees and expenses (including diligence and integration costs and severance costs) incurred in connection with (i) Investments in any Person, acquisitions of the Equity Interests of any Person, Acquisition Transactions, including acquisitions of all or a material portion of the assets of any Person or constituting a line of business of any Person, and financings related to any of the foregoing or to the capitalization of any Loan Party or any Restricted Subsidiary or (ii) other transactions that are out of the ordinary course of business of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries (in each case of clause (i) and (ii), including transactions considered or proposed but not consummated), including Permitted Equity Issuances, Investments, acquisitions, dispositions, recapitalizations, mergers, option buyouts and the incurrence, modification or repayment of Indebtedness (including all consent fees, premium and other amounts payable in connection therewith) and (C) non-operating professional fees, costs and expenses; plus

 

(ix)             items reducing Consolidated Net Income to the extent (A) covered by a binding indemnification or refunding obligation or insurance to the extent actually paid or reasonably expected to be paid within four quarters (and if not paid such amounts added back shall be reduced for Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA in such future period), (B) paid or payable (directly or indirectly) by a third party that is not a Loan Party or a Restricted Subsidiary (except to the extent such payment gives rise to reimbursement obligations) or with the proceeds of a contribution to equity capital of such Person by a third party that is not a Loan Party or a Restricted Subsidiary or (C) such Person is, directly or indirectly, reimbursed for such item by a third party; plus

 

(x)              [reserved]; plus

 

(xi)              the effects of business combination accounting, fair value accounting or recapitalization accounting (including the effects of adjustments pushed down to such Person and its Subsidiaries) and the amortization, write-down or write-off of any such amount; plus

 

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(xii)             proceeds of business interruption insurance actually received; plus

  

(xiii)            non-controlling interest expense, including consisting of income attributable to Equity Interests held by third parties in any non-wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary; plus

 

(xiv)           all charges, costs, expenses, accruals or reserves in connection with the rollover, acceleration or payout of Equity Interests held by officers or employees and all losses, charges and expenses related to payments made to holders of options or other derivative Equity Interests of such Person or any direct or indirect parent thereof in connection with, or as a result of, any distribution being made to equity holders of such Person or any direct or indirect parent thereof, including (A) payments made to compensate such holders as though they were equity holders at the time of, and entitled to share in, such distribution, and (B) all dividend equivalent rights owed pursuant to any compensation or equity arrangement; plus

 

(xv)            expenses, charges and losses resulting from the payment or accrual of indemnification or refunding provisions, earn-outs and contingent consideration obligations; bonuses and other compensation paid to employees, directors or consultants; and payments in respect of dissenting shares and purchase price adjustments; in each case, made in connection with a Permitted Investment or other acquisition; plus

 

(xvi)           any losses from disposed or discontinued operations; plus

 

(xvii)          (A) any costs or expenses (including any payroll taxes) incurred by the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in such Test Period as a result of, in connection with or pursuant to any management or employee equity plan, profits interest or stock option plan, any long-term incentive plan (including any related cash payments) or any other management or employee benefit plan or agreement, any pension plan (including (1) any post-employment benefit scheme to which the relevant pension trustee has agreed, (2) as a result of curtailments or modifications to pension and post-retirement employee benefit plans and (3) without limitation, compensation arrangements with holders of unvested options entered into in connection with a permitted Restricted Payment), any stock subscription, stockholders or partnership agreement, any payments in the nature of compensation or expense reimbursement made to independent board members, any employee benefit trust, any employee benefit scheme or any similar equity plan or agreement (including any deferred compensation arrangement), including any payment made to option holders in connection with, or as a result of, any distribution being made to, or share repurchase from, a shareholder, which payments are being made to compensate option holders as though they were shareholders at the time of, and entitled to share in, such distribution or share repurchase and any bonuses and other compensation (including deferred compensation) paid to employees, directors or consultants, (B) any costs or expenses incurred in connection with the rollover, acceleration or payout of Equity Interests held by management or other employees of the Borrower and/or any Restricted Subsidiary and (c) any costs or expenses incurred in connection with the hiring of any executives or management of the Borrower or its Restricted Subsidiaries; plus

 

(xviii)         [reserved]; plus

 

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(xix)            the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles; plus

 

(xx)             [reserved]; plus

 

(xxi)            the amount of any contingent or milestone payments in connection with the licensing of intellectual property or other assets; plus

 

(xxii)           [reserved]; plus

 

(xxiii)          the amount of fees, expense reimbursements and indemnities paid to directors and/or members of advisory boards; plus

 

(xxiv)         any net pension or other post-employment benefit costs representing amortization of unrecognized prior service costs, actuarial losses, including amortization or such amounts arising in prior periods, amortization of the unrecognized net obligation (and loss or cost) existing at the date of initial application of FASB Accounting Standards Codification 715, and any other items of a similar nature; plus

 

(xxv)          cash expenses and other charges directly related to global enterprise resource planning implemental cost for such period, not to exceed $5,000,000 in the aggregate during the term of this Agreement; plus

 

(xxvi)          payments made pursuant to Earnouts; plus

 

(xxvii)         the excess, if any, of the difference between (to the extent the amount in the following clause (i) exceeds the amount in the following clause (ii)): (i) the deferred revenue of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries as of the last day of the applicable Test Period, over (ii) the deferred revenue of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries as of the date that is twelve months prior to the last day of such Test Period (in each case without giving effect to business combination accounting); plus

 

(xxviii)        losses, expenses, charges or negative adjustments attributable to the movement in the mark-to-market valuation of hedge agreements or other derivative instruments, including the effect of FASB Accounting Standards Codification 815 and International Accounting Standard No. 9 and their respective related pronouncements and interpretations; plus

 

(xxix)          addbacks reflected in any quality of earnings report prepared by a nationally recognized accounting firm and furnished to the Administrative Agent in connection with a Permitted Acquisition consummated after the Closing Date; plus

 

(xxx)           [reserved]; plus

 

(xxxi)          the amount of “run rate” cost savings, operating expense reductions and other cost synergies (“Run Rate Savings”) that are projected by the Borrower in good faith to result from actions taken, committed to be taken or expected to be taken no later than 18 months after the end of such Test Period (which amounts will be determined by the Borrower in good faith and calculated on a pro forma basis as though such amounts had been realized on the first day of the Test Period for which Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is being determined), net of the amount of actual benefits realized during such Test Period from such actions; provided that, in the good faith judgment of the Borrower such Run Rate Savings are reasonably identifiable, reasonably anticipated to be realized and factually supportable (it being agreed such determinations need not be made in compliance with Regulation S-X or other applicable securities law); plus

 

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(xxxii)         losses, expenses, and other changes in connection with compliance with the EU Medical Device Regulation; and

 

(b)            decreased, without duplication, by the following items of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP (solely to the extent increasing Consolidated Net Income):

 

(i)               any amount which, in the determination of Consolidated Net Income for such period, has been included for any non-cash income or non-cash gain, all as determined in accordance with GAAP (provided that if any non-cash income or non-cash gain represents an accrual or deferred income in respect of potential cash items in any future period, such Person may determine not to deduct the relevant non-cash gain or income in the then-current period); plus

 

(ii)              the amount of any cash payment made during such period in respect of any non-cash accrual, reserve or other non-cash charge that is accounted for in a prior period and that was added to Consolidated Net Income to determine Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA for such prior period and that does not otherwise reduce Consolidated Net Income for the current period; plus

 

(iii)             the amount of any income or gains associated with any non-wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary that is attributable to any non-controlling interest; plus

 

(iv)             any unusual, extraordinary or non-recurring gains.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the aggregate amount added back pursuant to clause (a)(iv), clause (a)(vi) (solely to the extent any such amount is not classified as an unusual, extraordinary or non-recurring item under GAAP), clause (a)(vii) hereof and the amount of Run Rate Savings increasing Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA for any Test Period shall not in the aggregate exceed 25% of the Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA for such Test Period (measured after giving effect to such items).

 

Consolidated Current Assets” means, as of any date of determination, the total assets of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis that may properly be classified as current assets in conformity with GAAP, excluding cash and Cash Equivalents, amounts related to current or deferred taxes based on income or profits, assets held for sale, loans (permitted) to third parties, pension assets, deferred bank fees and derivative financial instruments, and excluding the effects of adjustments pursuant to GAAP resulting from the application of recapitalization accounting or business combination accounting, as the case may be, in relation to the Transactions or any consummated acquisition.

 

Consolidated Current Liabilities” means, as at any date of determination, the total liabilities of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis that may properly be classified as current liabilities in conformity with GAAP, excluding (a) the current portion of any Funded Debt, (b) the current portion of interest, (c) accruals for current or deferred taxes based on income or profits, (d) accruals of any costs or expenses related to restructuring reserves, (e) Revolving Loans, Letter of Credit Obligations or any other revolving facility, (f) the current portion of any Capitalized Lease Obligation, (g) deferred revenue arising from cash receipts that are earmarked for specific projects, (h) liabilities in respect of unpaid earn-outs and (i) the current portion of any other long-term liabilities, and, furthermore, excluding the effects of adjustments pursuant to GAAP resulting from the application of recapitalization accounting or business combination accounting, as the case may be, in relation to the Transaction or any consummated acquisition.

 

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Consolidated Interest Expense” means, for any Test Period, the sum of:

 

(a)            cash interest expense (including that attributable to Capitalized Leases), net of cash interest income, of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries with respect to all outstanding Indebtedness of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries, including all commissions, discounts and other fees and charges owed with respect to letters of credit and bankers’ acceptance financing and net costs under hedging agreements, plus

 

(b)            non-cash interest expense resulting solely from the amortization of OID from the issuance of Indebtedness of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries (excluding Indebtedness borrowed under this Agreement in connection with and to finance the Transactions) at less than par, plus

 

(c)            pay-in-kind interest expense of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries payable pursuant to the terms of the agreements governing such debt for borrowed money;

 

but excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, (i) amortization of deferred financing costs, debt issuance costs, commissions, fees and expenses and any other amounts of non-cash interest other than referred to in clause (b) above (including as a result of the effects of acquisition method accounting or pushdown accounting), (ii) non-cash interest expense attributable to the movement of the mark-to-market valuation of obligations under hedging agreements or other derivative instruments pursuant to FASB Accounting Standards Codification No. 815-Derivatives and Hedging, (iii) any one-time cash costs associated with breakage in respect of hedging agreements for interest rates, (iv) [reserved], (v) any “additional interest” owing pursuant to a registration rights agreement with respect to any securities, (vi) any payments with respect to make-whole premiums or other breakage costs of any Indebtedness, including any Indebtedness issued in connection with the Transactions, (vii) penalties and interest relating to taxes, (viii) accretion or accrual of discounted liabilities not constituting Indebtedness, (ix) any expense resulting from the discounting of Indebtedness in connection with the application of recapitalization or business combination accounting and (x) any interest expense attributable to the exercise of appraisal rights and the settlement of any claims or actions (whether actual, contingent or potential) with respect thereto and with respect to any Acquisition Transaction or other Investment, all as calculated on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP. For the avoidance of doubt, interest expense shall be determined after giving effect to any net payments made or received by the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries in respect of Hedge Agreements relating to interest rate protection.

 

Consolidated Net Debt” means, as of any date of determination, (a) Consolidated Total Debt minus (b) the aggregate amount of cash and Cash Equivalents of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as of such date that is not Restricted. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the aggregate amount of cash and Cash Equivalents deducted from Consolidated Net Debt pursuant to the preceding clause (b) may not exceed $100,000,000 and (ii) proceeds of Indebtedness incurred on such date of determination shall be excluded from determining clause (a).

 

Consolidated Net Income” means, with respect to any Person for any Test Period, the Net Income of such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; provided that there shall be excluded from such consolidated net income (to the extent otherwise included therein), without duplication:

 

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(a)            the Net Income for such Test Period of any Person that is not a Subsidiary, or is an Unrestricted Subsidiary, or that is accounted for by the equity method of accounting; provided that the Borrower’s or any Restricted Subsidiary’s equity in the Net Income of such Person shall be included in the Consolidated Net Income of the Borrower for such Test Period up to the aggregate amount of dividends or distributions or other payments in respect of such equity that are actually paid in cash (or to the extent converted into cash) by such Person to the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary, in each case, in such Test Period, to the extent not already included therein (subject in the case of dividends, distributions or other payments in respect of such equity made to a Restricted Subsidiary to the limitations contained in clause (b) below);

 

(b)            the Net Income of any Restricted Subsidiary of such Person during such Test Period to the extent that the declaration or payment of dividends or similar distributions by such Restricted Subsidiary of that income is not permitted by operation of the terms of its Organization Documents or any agreement, instrument or requirement of Law applicable to such Restricted Subsidiary during such Test Period; provided that Consolidated Net Income of such Person shall be increased by the amount of dividends or distributions or other payments that are actually paid in cash to such Person or its Restricted Subsidiaries in respect of such Test Period;

 

(c)            any gain (or loss), together with any related provisions for taxes on any such gain (or the tax effect of any such loss), realized by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such Test Period upon any asset sale or other disposition of any Equity Interests of any Person (other than any dispositions in the ordinary course of business) by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries;

 

(d)            gains and losses due solely to fluctuations in currency values and the related tax effects determined in accordance with GAAP for such Test Period;

 

(e)            earnings (or losses), including any impairment charge, resulting from any reappraisal, revaluation or write-up (or write-down) of assets during such Test Period;

 

(f)             (i) unrealized gains and losses with respect to Hedge Agreements for such Test Period and the application of Accounting Standards Codification 815 (Derivatives and Hedging) and (ii) any after-tax effect of income (or losses) for such Test Period that result from the early extinguishment of (A) Indebtedness, (B) obligations under any Hedge Agreements or (C) other derivative instruments;

 

(g)            any extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual gain (or extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual loss), together with any related provision for taxes on any such gain (or the tax effect of any such loss), recorded or recognized by such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries during such Test Period;

 

(h)            the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles and changes as a result of the adoption or modification of accounting policies during such Test Period;

 

(i)             after-tax gains (or losses) on disposal of disposed, abandoned or discontinued operations for such Test Period;

 

(j)             effects of adjustments (including the effects of such adjustments pushed down to such Person and its Restricted Subsidiaries) in the inventory, property and equipment, software, goodwill, other intangible assets, in-process research and development, deferred revenue, debt and unfavorable or favorable lease line items in such Person’s consolidated financial statements pursuant to GAAP for such Test Period resulting from the application of business combination accounting in relation to the Transactions or any acquisition consummated prior to the Closing Date and any Permitted Acquisition or other Investment or the amortization or write-off of any amounts thereof, net of taxes, for such Test Period;

 

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(k)            any non-cash compensation charge or expense for such Test Period, including any such charge or expense arising from the grants of stock appreciation or similar rights, stock options, restricted stock or other rights and any cash charges or expenses associated with the rollover, acceleration or payout of Equity Interests by, or to, employee of such Person or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries in connection with the Transactions;

 

(l)             (i) Transaction Expenses incurred during such Test Period and (ii) any fees and expenses incurred during such Test Period, or any amortization thereof for such Test Period, in connection with any acquisition (other than the Transactions), Investment, disposition, issuance or repayment of Indebtedness, issuance of Equity Interests, refinancing transaction or amendment or modification of any debt or equity instrument (in each case, including any such transaction whether consummated on, after or prior to the Closing Date and any such transaction undertaken but not completed) and any charges or non-recurring costs incurred during such Test Period as a result of any such transaction;

 

(m)     any expenses, charges or losses for such Test Period that are covered by indemnification or other reimbursement provisions in connection with any Investment, Permitted Acquisition or any sale, conveyance, transfer or other disposition of assets permitted under this Agreement, to the extent actually reimbursed, or, so long as the Borrower has made a determination that a reasonable basis exists for indemnification or reimbursement and only to the extent that such amount is in fact indemnified or reimbursed within 365 days of such determination (with a deduction in the applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so indemnified or reimbursed within such 365 days); and

 

(n)            to the extent covered by insurance and actually reimbursed, or, so long as the Borrower has made a determination that there exists reasonable evidence that such amount will in fact be reimbursed within 365 days of the date of such determination (with a deduction in the applicable future period for any amount so added back to the extent not so reimbursed within such 365 days), expenses, charges or losses for such Test Period with respect to liability or casualty events or business interruption.

 

Consolidated Secured Net Debt” means, as of any date of determination, Consolidated Net Debt outstanding under the Facilities and any other debt that is secured by a Lien on the property of the Borrower and/or its Restricted Subsidiaries outstanding as of such date.

 

Consolidated Total Debt” means, as of any date of determination, the aggregate principal amount of third party Indebtedness of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries outstanding on such date, determined on a consolidated basis and as reflected on the face of a balance sheet prepared in accordance with GAAP (but excluding the effects of the application of business combination accounting in connection with the Transactions, any Permitted Acquisition or any other Investment permitted hereunder), consisting of Indebtedness for borrowed money, unreimbursed obligations in respect of drawn letters of credit (to the extent not cash collateralized), and obligations in respect of Capitalized Leases, purchase money obligations and debt obligations evidenced by promissory notes or debentures; provided that Consolidated Total Debt will not include Indebtedness in respect of (a) [reserved], (b) any letter of credit, except to the extent of unreimbursed obligations in respect of drawn letters of credit (provided that any unreimbursed amount under commercial letters of credit will not be counted as Consolidated Total Debt until three Business Days after such amount is drawn (it being understood that any borrowing, whether automatic or otherwise, to fund such reimbursement will be counted)), (c) obligations under Hedge Agreements, (d) obligations in respect of cash management obligations, (e) purchase money obligations incurred in the ordinary course, trade payable and similar obligations, (f) Indebtedness to the extent it has been cash collateralized or with respect to which the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary is obligated only as a surety or guarantor, and (g) any lease obligations other than in respect of Capitalized Leases; provided that, for the purposes of the definition of “Consolidated Total Debt”, the Indebtedness in respect of convertible debt securities (including the Convertible Indebtedness) shall be deemed to be the aggregate principal amount thereof outstanding as of such date of determination provided further that earnouts and similar deferred purchase price obligations shall not constitute Consolidated Total Debt until they are due and payable. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, Consolidated Total Debt will exclude any Refinanced Debt outstanding on any determination date (and any amounts to be used to effect the refinancing, repurchase, purchase, redemption or repayment in connection with such Refinanced Debt shall not be included as Restricted for purposes of this Agreement) so long as a notice of redemption of, or an offer to purchase, such Refinanced Debt has been given or made (and, in the case of an offer to purchase, not withdrawn) on or prior to such date (any such Refinanced Debt, “Defeased Debt”).

 

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Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.

 

Control” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Affiliate.

 

Conversion/Continuation Notice” means a notice of (a) a conversion of Loans from one Type to another or (b) a continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans, pursuant to Article II, which, if in writing, shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A-2.

 

Convertible Indebtedness” means any Indebtedness of any Loan Party (which may be guaranteed by any other Loan Party) permitted to be incurred that (i) contains customary conversion rights for similar forms of Indebtedness as of the date of issuance in the reasonable determination of the Borrower and (ii) is either (x) convertible into common stock of the Borrower (and cash in lieu of fractional shares) and/or cash (in an amount determined by reference to the price of such common stock) or (y) sold as units with call options, warrants or rights to purchase (or substantially equivalent derivative transactions) that are exercisable for common stock of the Borrower and/or cash (in an amount determined by reference to the price of such common stock); provided, that any such Indebtedness shall not be convertible at the option of the issuer of such Indebtedness.

 

Covered Entity” means any of the following:

 

(a)            a “covered entity” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 252.82(b);

 

(b)            a “covered bank” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R § 47.3(b); or

 

(c)            a “covered FSI” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 382.2(b).

 

Covered Party” has the meaning specified in Section 11.26(b).

 

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Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness” means Indebtedness of the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary in the form of term loans or notes or revolving commitments; provided that, except as may be agreed by the Required Lenders:

 

(a)            such Indebtedness is incurred or otherwise obtained (including by means of the extension or renewal of existing Indebtedness) in exchange for, or to extend, renew, replace, or refinance, in whole or part, Indebtedness that is either Term Loans, Revolving Commitments or other Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness (together, “Refinanced Debt”);

 

(b)            the aggregate principal amount of such Indebtedness on any date such Indebtedness is incurred (or commitments with respect thereto are made) shall not exceed the aggregate principal amount of the Refinanced Debt being exchanged, extended, renewed, replaced or refinanced (plus (i) the amount of all unpaid, accrued, or capitalized interest, penalties, premiums (including tender premiums) and other amounts payable with respect to the Refinanced Debt and (ii) underwriting discounts, fees, commissions, costs, expenses and other amounts payable with respect to such Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness);

 

(c)            (i) the scheduled final maturity date of such Indebtedness will be no earlier than the scheduled final maturity date of the Refinanced Debt and (ii) the weighted average life to maturity of any such Indebtedness (other than a revolving facility) will be no shorter than the remaining weighted average life to maturity of the Refinanced Debt;

 

(d)            any mandatory prepayment of such Indebtedness (other a revolving facility) may participate on a pro rata basis or a less than pro rata basis (but not on a greater than pro rata basis) in any mandatory repayments required to be made on the Refinanced Debt pursuant to its terms, it being agreed (A) any repayment of such Indebtedness at maturity shall be permitted and (B) any greater than pro rata repayment of such Indebtedness shall be permitted with the proceeds of a permitted refinancing thereof;

 

(e)            (i) to the extent secured by a Lien on property or assets of the Borrower or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries, any such Indebtedness shall not be secured by any Lien on any property or asset of such Person that does not also secure the Revolving Loans (except (1) customary cash collateral in favor of an agent, letter of credit issuer or similar “fronting” lender, (2) Liens on property or assets applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date of the Revolving Loans at the time of incurrence, (3) [reserved], and (4) any Liens on property or assets to the extent that a Lien on such property or asset is also added for the benefit of the Lenders under the Revolving Loans for so long as such Liens secure such Indebtedness); and (ii) to the extent incurred by or guaranteed by the Borrower or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries, any such Indebtedness shall not be guaranteed by any such Person that is not (or is not required to be) a Loan Party (except (1) for guarantees by other Persons that are applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date of the Revolving Loans, at the time of incurrence, (2) [reserved], and (3) any such Person guaranteeing such Indebtedness or Incremental Revolving Facilities, as applicable, that also guarantees the Revolving Loans, for so long as such Person guarantees such Indebtedness); and

 

(f)        the covenants and events of default applicable to such Indebtedness are substantially identical to, or, taken as a whole, no more favorable to the lenders or holders providing such Indebtedness than, those applicable to the Refinanced Debt, as determined in good faith by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower in its reasonable judgment (except (A) for covenants and events of default applicable only to periods after the scheduled final maturity date of the Refinanced Debt at the time of incurrence and (B) any term or condition to the extent such term or condition is also added for the benefit of the Lenders under the Refinanced Debt); provided that, this clause (f) will not apply to (1) terms addressed in the preceding clauses of this definition, (2) interest rate, rate floors, fees, funding discounts and other pricing or economic terms, (3) redemption, prepayment or other premiums, and (4) prepayment or redemption terms.

 

26

 

 

Daily Simple SOFR” means, for any day (a “SOFR Rate Day”), a rate per annum equal to the greater of,

 

(a)            SOFR for the day (such day “i”) that is five U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to (i) if such SOFR Rate Day is a U.S. Government Securities Business Day, such SOFR Rate Day or (ii) if such SOFR Rate Day is not a U.S. Government Securities Business Day, the U.S. Government Securities Business Day immediately preceding such SOFR Rate Day, in each case, as such SOFR is published by the SOFR Administrator on the SOFR Administrator’s Website, and

 

(b)            the Adjusted Term SOFR floor specified in this Agreement.

 

If by 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on the second U.S. Government Securities Business Day immediately following any day “i”, the SOFR in respect of such day “i” has not been published on the SOFR Administrator’s Website and a Benchmark Replacement Date with respect to the Daily Simple SOFR has not occurred, then the SOFR for such day “i” will be the SOFR as published in respect of the first preceding U.S. Government Securities Business Day for which such SOFR was published on the SOFR Administrator’s Website; provided that any SOFR determined pursuant to this sentence shall be utilized for purposes of calculation of Daily Simple SOFR for no more than three consecutive SOFR Rate Days. Any change in Daily Simple SOFR due to a change in SOFR shall be effective from and including the effective date of such change in SOFR without notice to the Borrower.

 

Debt Representative” means, with respect to any series of Indebtedness secured by a Lien that is subject to an Intercreditor Agreement, or is subordinated in right of payment to all or any part of the Obligations, the trustee, administrative agent, collateral agent, security agent or similar agent under the indenture or agreement pursuant to which such Indebtedness is issued, incurred or otherwise obtained, as the case may be, and each of their successors in such capacities.

 

Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws of the United States or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect and affecting the rights of creditors generally.

 

Default” means any event or condition that constitutes an Event of Default or that, with the giving of any notice, the passage of time, or both, would be an Event of Default.

 

Default Rate” means an interest rate equal to the Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate applicable to Base Rate Loans that are Revolving Loans plus 2.00% per annum; provided that with respect to the outstanding principal amount of any Loan not paid when due, the Default Rate shall be an interest rate equal to the interest rate (including any Applicable Rate) otherwise applicable to such Loan (giving effect to Section 2.05(c)) plus 2.00% per annum, in each case, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

 

Default Right” has the meaning assigned to that term in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. §§ 252.81, 47.2 or 382.1, as applicable.

 

Defaulting Lender” means, subject to Section 2.19(b), any Lender that,

 

27

 

 

(a)            has failed to (i) fund all or any portion of its Loans within two Business Days of the date such Loans were required to be funded hereunder unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (which conditions precedent, together with the applicable default, if any, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied, or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder within two Business Days of the date when due;

 

(b)            has notified the Borrower, the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks or any Lender in writing that it does not intend to comply with its funding obligations hereunder, or has made a public statement to that effect (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with the applicable default, if any, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) cannot be satisfied);

 

(c)            has failed, within three Business Days after written request by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, to confirm in writing to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that it will comply with its prospective funding obligations hereunder; provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such written confirmation by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower; or

 

(d)            the Administrative Agent or the Borrower has received notification that such Lender is, or has a direct or indirect parent entity that is, (i) insolvent, or is generally unable to pay its debts as they become due, or admits in writing its inability to pay its debts as they become due, or makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors, (ii) other than via an Undisclosed Administration, the subject of a bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation or similar proceeding, or a receiver, trustee, conservator, intervenor or sequestrator, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or assets, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other Federal or foreign or state regulatory authority acting in such a capacity or the like has been appointed for such Lender or its direct or indirect parent entity, or such Lender or its direct or indirect parent entity has taken any action in furtherance of or indicating its consent to or acquiescence in any such proceeding or appointment or (iii) or has become the subject of a Bail-In Action; provided that a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any Equity Interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent entity thereof by a Governmental Authority so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such Governmental Authority or instrumentality) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender; or

 

(e)            has become or any parent company thereof has become, subject to Sanctions or other Applicable Law that results in transactions under or pursuant to a Loan Document with such Lender or such parent (including payments to or by such Lender) being prohibited or restricted.

 

Any determination by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under clauses  (a) through (e) above shall be conclusive absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender (subject to Section 2.19) upon delivery of written notice of such determination to the Borrower, the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks and each Lender. For the avoidance of doubt a Lender meeting the description set forth in clauses  (a) through (e) above shall be a Defaulting Lender, notwithstanding that such determination and such notice shall not have been made.

 

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Defeased Debt” has the meaning assigned to it in the definition of “Consolidated Total Debt”.

 

Designated Acquisition” means the Acquisition Transaction identified to the Lenders prior to the Closing Date as “Project Tiger”; provided that the purchase price of such Acquisition Transaction shall not exceed $17.00 per share.

 

Designated Jurisdiction” means any country or territory to the extent that such country or territory is the subject of any Sanctions.

 

Designated Non-Cash Consideration” means the fair market value of any non-cash consideration received by the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary in connection with a Disposition pursuant to the General Asset Sale Basket that is designated as Designated Non-Cash Consideration pursuant to a certificate of a Responsible Officer (which amount will be reduced by the fair market value of the portion of the non-cash consideration converted to cash within one hundred eighty days following the consummation of the applicable Disposition).

 

Designation Election” has the meaning ascribed to such term in the definition of “Excluded Subsidiary”)

 

Disposition” or “Dispose” means the sale, transfer, license, lease or other disposition (excluding Liens but including any sale of Equity Interests in, or issuance of Equity Interests by, a Restricted Subsidiary) of any property by any Person.

 

Disqualified Equity Interests” means any Equity Interest that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security or other Equity Interests into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event or condition,

 

(a)            matures or is mandatorily redeemable (other than solely for Qualified Equity Interests), pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (except as a result of a change of control or asset sale, as long as any rights of the holders thereof upon the occurrence of a change of control or asset sale event is subject to the prior repayment in full of the Loans and all other Obligations that are accrued and payable and the termination of the Commitments and Cash Collateralization of all Letters of Credit);

 

(b)            is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof (other than solely for Qualified Equity Interests), in whole or in part;

 

(c)            provides for the scheduled payments of dividends that are required to be made only in cash; or

 

(d)            is or becomes convertible into or exchangeable for Indebtedness or any other Equity Interests that would constitute Disqualified Equity Interests;

 

in each case, prior to the date that is 91 days after the Latest Maturity Date of the Loans at the time of issuance; provided that if such Equity Interests are issued pursuant to a plan for the benefit of one or more Company Persons or by any such plan to one or more Company Persons, such Equity Interests shall not constitute Disqualified Equity Interests solely because they may be required to be repurchased by the Borrower or the Restricted Subsidiaries in order to satisfy applicable statutory or regulatory obligations or as a result of a Company Person’s termination, death or disability.

 

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Disqualified Lender” means,

 

(a)            the competitors of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries identified in writing by or on behalf of the Borrower (i) to the Lead Arrangers on or prior to the Closing Date, or (ii) to the Administrative Agent, from time to time on or after the Closing Date;

 

(b)            (i) any Persons that are engaged as principals primarily in private equity or venture capital and (ii) those particular banks, financial institutions, other institutional lenders and other Persons, in the case of each of clauses (i) and (ii), to the extent identified in writing by or on behalf of the Borrower to the Lead Arrangers on or prior to the Closing Date or after such date with the consent of the Administration Agent (not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed); and

 

(c)            any Affiliate of a Person described in the preceding clauses (a) or (b) that (in each case, other than any Affiliates that are banks, financial institutions, bona fide debt funds or investment vehicles that are engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course (except to the extent separately identified under clause (a) or (b) above)), in each case, is either reasonably identifiable as such on the basis of its name or is identified as such in writing by or on behalf of the Borrower (i) to the Lead Arrangers on or prior to the Closing Date, or (ii) to the Administrative Agent from time to time on or after the Closing Date; provided that any such update to the Persons that are “Disqualified Lenders” shall not apply retroactively to disqualify any party that previously acquired a Loan or Commitment (or participation thereof); provided further that any such update to the Persons that are “Disqualified Lenders” shall not become effective until three (3) Business Days after providing such updates to the Administrative Agent.

 

The Borrower shall, upon request of any Lender, identify whether any Person identified by such Lender as a proposed assignee or Participant is a Disqualified Lender.

 

Division” has the meaning specified in Section 1.02(e).

 

Dollar” and “$” mean lawful money of the United States.

 

Dollar Amount” means, at any time, with respect to any amount hereunder (i) if denominated in Dollars, the amount thereof, or (ii) if denominated in any currency other than Dollars, the equivalent amount thereof in Dollars as reasonably determined by the Borrower on the basis of the Exchange Rate (determined in respect of the most recent relevant date of determination) for the purchase of Dollars with such currency.

 

Domestic Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary that is organized under the Laws of the United States, any state thereof or the District of Columbia.

 

Earnouts” means all earnout payments or other contingent payments in connection with any Permitted Investment.

 

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

  

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EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

 

EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

 

Eligible Assignee” means any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 11.07(b)(v); provided that the following Persons shall not be Eligible Assignees: (a) any Defaulting Lender, (b) any natural person and (c) any Person that is Disqualified Lender.

 

EMU” means the Economic and Monetary Union as contemplated in the EU Treaty.

 

EMU Legislation” means the legislative measures of the EMU for the introduction of, changeover to, or operation of the Euro in one or more member states.

 

Environmental Claim” means any and all administrative or judicial actions, proceedings, suits, demands, demand letters, claims, liens, or notices of noncompliance or violation, with respect to any Environmental Liability or obligations under Environmental Law, including those (a) by any Governmental Authority for enforcement, cleanup, removal, response, remedial or other actions or damages pursuant to any Environmental Law and (b) by any Person seeking damages, contribution, indemnification, cost recovery, compensation or injunctive relief pursuant to any Environmental Law.

 

Environmental Laws” means any and all Laws relating to the protection of the environment or, to the extent relating to exposure to Hazardous Materials, human health.

 

Environmental Liability” means any liability, contingent or otherwise (including any liability for damages, costs of environmental remediation, fines, penalties or indemnities), of any Loan Party or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries resulting from or based upon (a) violation of any Environmental Law, (b) the generation, use, handling, transportation, storage, treatment or disposal of any Hazardous Materials, (c) exposure to any Hazardous Materials, (d) the release or threatened release of any Hazardous Materials into the environment or (e) any contract, agreement or other consensual arrangement pursuant to which liability is assumed or imposed with respect to any of the foregoing.

 

Environmental Permit” means any permit, approval, identification number, license or other authorization required under or issued pursuant to any Environmental Law.

 

Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement” means a “pari passu” intercreditor agreement substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit K-2 dated as of the Closing Date, or, if requested by the providers of Indebtedness permitted hereunder to be Pari Passu Lien Debt, another arrangement reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, the Required Lenders and the Borrower; provided, that a Lender shall be deemed to have consented to such other arrangement if such Lender does not respond within five Business Days of written request for its consent to such other arrangement. Upon the request of the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent will execute and deliver an Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement with one or more Debt Representatives for Pari Passu Lien Debt permitted hereunder.

 

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Equity Interests” means, with respect to any Person, all of the shares, interests, rights, participations or other equivalents (however designated) of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests or units in, including any limited or general partnership interest and any limited liability company membership interest) such Person and all of the warrants, options or other rights for the purchase, acquisition or exchange from such Person of any of the foregoing (including through convertible securities); provided, that Convertible Indebtedness shall not be or be deemed to be an Equity Interest until so converted.

 

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

ERISA Affiliate” means any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) that together with any Loan Party is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414 of the Code or Section 4001 of ERISA. For the avoidance of doubt, when any provision of this Agreement relates to a past event or period of time, the term “ERISA Affiliate” includes any Person who was, as to the time of such past event or period of time, an ERISA Affiliate within the meaning of the preceding sentence.

 

ERISA Event” means (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Pension Plan; (b) a withdrawal by any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as a termination under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) a complete or partial withdrawal by any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates from a Multiemployer Plan, written notification of any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates concerning the imposition of Withdrawal Liability or written notification that a Multiemployer Plan is insolvent within the meaning of Title IV of ERISA; (d) the filing under Section 4041(c) of ERISA of a notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan, the treatment of a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan amendment as a termination under Sections 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, or the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (e) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for the payment of plan contributions or PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates; (f) the failure to satisfy the minimum funding standards (within the meaning of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA) with respect to any Pension Plan; (g) the application for a minimum funding waiver under Section 302(c) of ERISA with respect to a Pension Plan; (h) the imposition of a lien under Section 303(k) of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan; or (i) a determination that any Pension Plan is in “at risk” status (within the meaning of Section 303 of ERISA).

 

Erroneous Payment” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 10.16(a).

 

Erroneous Payment Deficiency Assignment” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 10.16(d).

 

Erroneous Payment Impacted Class” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 10.16(d).

 

Erroneous Payment Return Deficiency” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 10.16(d).

 

EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” means the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor person), as in effect from time to time.

 

EU Treaty” means the Treaty on European Union.

 

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Euro” and “” mean the single currency of the Participating Member States introduced in accordance with the provisions of Article 109(i)4 of the EU Treaty.

 

Event of Default” has the meaning specified in Section 9.01.

 

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

Exchange Rate” means, on any date with respect to any currency, the rate at which such currency may be exchanged into any other currency, as set forth at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time, on such date on the applicable Bloomberg page for such currency. In the event that such rate does not appear on any Bloomberg page, the Exchange Rate shall be determined by reference to such other publicly available service for displaying the exchange rates as may be selected by the Administrative Agent, or, in the event no such service is selected, such Exchange Rate shall instead be the arithmetic average of the spot rates of exchange of the Administrative Agent in the market where its foreign currency exchange operations in respect of such currency are then being conducted, at or about 10:00 a.m., local time, on such date for the purchase of the relevant currency for delivery two Business Days later; provided that, if at the time of any such determination, for any reason no such spot rate is being quoted, the Administrative Agent, after consultation with the Borrower, may use any reasonable method that it deems appropriate to determine such rate, and such determination shall be presumed correct absent manifest error.

 

Excluded Asset” means:

 

(a)            any asset together with any rights or interests therein, or any lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement to which any Grantor is a party, together with any rights or interest thereunder, in each case, if and to the extent security interests therein (A) are prohibited by or in violation of any applicable Law, (B) require any governmental (including regulatory) consent, approval, license or authorization that has not been obtained or consent of a third party that is not a Grantor that has not been obtained pursuant to any contract or agreement binding on such asset at the time of its acquisition and not entered into in contemplation of such acquisition, or (C) are prohibited (which such prohibition is not created in contemplation of this provision) by or in violation of a term, provision or condition of any lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement to which such Grantor is a party, except, in the case of each of the foregoing clauses (A), (B), and (C), to the extent that such prohibition or restriction would be rendered ineffective under the applicable anti-assignment provisions of the UCC; provided, however, that, notwithstanding the foregoing, the Article 9 Collateral shall include (and the Security Interest shall attach), at such time as the contractual or legal prohibition shall no longer be applicable and to the extent severable, shall attach to any portion of such asset, lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement not subject to the prohibitions specified in clauses (A), (B), or (C) above; provided, further, that the Excluded Assets referred to in this clause shall not include any proceeds of any such asset, lease, license, franchise, charter, authorization, contract or agreement (except to the extent such proceeds constitute Excluded Assets);

 

(b)            the Excluded Equity Interests and any assets of any Excluded Subsidiary;

 

(c)            any “intent-to-use” Trademark applications prior to the filing and acceptance of a “Statement of Use” pursuant to Section 1(d) of the Lanham Act or an “Amendment to Allege Use” pursuant to Section 1(c) of the Lanham Act with respect thereto, to the extent that, and during the period, if any, in which, the grant of a security interest therein would impair the validity or enforceability of any registration that issues from such intent-to-use application under applicable federal law (it being understood that after such period such intent-to-use application shall be automatically subject to the security interest granted herein and deemed to be included in the Collateral);

 

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(d)            (A) any leasehold or subleasehold interest (including any ground lease interest) in real property, (B) any fee interest in owned real property (C) any fee-owned real property located outside of the United States, (D) any improvements located on real property, where such improvements are located in an area identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (or any successor agency) as a “special flood hazard area” and (E) any Fixtures affixed to any real property;

 

(e)            (i) as extracted collateral, (ii) timber to be cut, (iii) farm products and (iv) manufactured homes;

 

(f)             any particular asset, if the pledge thereof or the security interest therein could reasonably be expected to result in material adverse tax consequences to any Grantor or any Restricted Subsidiary as reasonably determined in good faith by the Borrower in consultation with the Administrative Agent;

 

(g)            any asset with respect to which the Borrower has determined in good faith in consultation with the Administrative Agent that the costs of obtaining, perfecting or maintaining a Security Interest or pledge shall be excessive in view of the fair market value of such asset and/or the benefits to be obtained by the Secured Parties therefrom;

 

(h)            (i) Letter of Credit rights to the extent not perfected by the filing of a UCC financing statement and (ii) Margin Stock;

 

(i)             all commercial tort claims that are not expected to result in a judgment or settlement payment in favor of a Loan Party in excess of $5,000,000 (as determined by the Borrower in good faith);

 

(j)             motor vehicles, aircraft and other assets subject to certificates of title or ownership (including, without limitation, aircraft, airframes, aircraft engines or helicopters, or any equipment or other assets constituting a part thereof and rolling stock) in each case, to the extent a security interest therein cannot be perfected by the filing of a UCC-1 financing statement in the jurisdiction of organization (or other location of a Grantor under Section 9-307 of the UCC) of the applicable Grantor;

 

(k)            [reserved]; and

 

(l)             property and assets held by an Excluded Subsidiary or any Person that is not, and is not required to be, a Loan Party;

 

provided that if and when any property shall cease to be an Excluded Asset, a Lien on and security interest in such property shall be deemed granted therein and the provisions of this Agreement shall apply to such property, including the Proceeds of any General Intangible, Instrument, license, property right, permit or any other contract or agreement (except to the extent such Proceeds are Excluded Assets). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, (a) the Proceeds of, or in respect of, any Excluded Assets shall constitute Article 9 Collateral (except to the extent such Proceeds are an Excluded Asset) and (b) in no event shall the Equity Interests of Ironwood Securities owned by the Loan Parties (the “Ironwood Securities Equity”) constitute Excluded Assets or Excluded Equity Interests, and the Loan Parties shall cause all their rights, title and interest in such Ironwood Securities Equity to be subject to a first priority perfected lien in favor of the Collateral Agent in accordance with the Security Agreement.

 

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Excluded Equity Interests” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Excluded Subsidiary” means:

 

(a)            any Subsidiary that is not a wholly owned Subsidiary of a Loan Party;

 

(b)            any Foreign Subsidiary of the Borrower or of any direct or indirect Domestic Subsidiary or Foreign Subsidiary;

 

(c)            any FSHCO;

 

(d)            any Domestic Subsidiary that is a direct or indirect Subsidiary of a Foreign Subsidiary;

 

(e)            any Subsidiary that is prohibited or restricted by applicable Law from providing a Guaranty or by a binding contractual obligation existing on the Closing Date or at the time of the acquisition of such Subsidiary (and not incurred in contemplation of such acquisition) from providing a Guaranty (provided that such contractual obligation is not entered into by the Borrower or its Restricted Subsidiaries principally for the purpose of qualifying as an “Excluded Subsidiary” under this definition) or if such Guaranty would require governmental (including regulatory) or third party (other than the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary) consent, approval, license or authorization, unless such consent, approval, license or authorization has been obtained;

 

(f)             [reserved];

 

(g)            any Subsidiary that is a not-for-profit organization;

 

(h)            [reserved];

 

(i)             any other Subsidiary with respect to which, as reasonably determined by the Borrower in good faith and in consultation with the Administrative Agent, the cost or other consequences (including any adverse tax consequences) of providing the Guaranty shall be excessive in view of the benefits to be obtained by the Lenders therefrom;

 

(j)             any other Subsidiary to the extent the provision of a guaranty by such Subsidiary could reasonably be expected to result in material adverse tax consequences as reasonably determined by the Borrower in good faith in consultation with the Administrative Agent;

 

(k)            any Unrestricted Subsidiary;

 

(l)             any Immaterial Subsidiary; and

 

(m)           any Subsidiary that is an “investment company” (or would be an “investment company” if it were a Guarantor) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended;

 

provided that the Borrower, in its sole discretion, may cause any Restricted Subsidiary that qualifies as an Excluded Subsidiary under clauses (a) through (m) above to become a Guarantor in accordance with the definition thereof (subject to completion of any requested “know your customer” and similar requirements of the Administrative Agent) and thereafter such Subsidiary shall not constitute an “Excluded Subsidiary” (unless and until the Borrower elects, in its sole discretion, to designate such Persons as an Excluded Subsidiary (a “Designation Election”)).

 

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Excluded Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Guarantor, any Swap Obligation if, and to the extent that, all or a portion of the Guaranty of such Guarantor of, or the grant by such Guarantor of a security interest to secure, such Swap Obligation (or any Guaranty thereof) is or becomes illegal under the Commodity Exchange Act or any rule, regulation or order of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (or the application or official interpretation of any thereof) by virtue of such Guarantor’s failure for any reason to constitute an “eligible contract participant” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act (determined after giving effect to any keepwell, support or other agreement for the benefit of such Guarantor and any and all guarantees of such Guarantor’s Swap Obligations by other Loan Parties) at the time the Guaranty of such Guarantor, or a grant by such Guarantor of a security interest, becomes effective with respect to such Swap Obligation. If a Swap Obligation arises under a master agreement governing more than one swap, such exclusion shall apply only to the portion of such Swap Obligation that is attributable to swaps for which such Guaranty or security interest is or becomes excluded in accordance with the first sentence of this definition.

 

Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient, (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof) or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed on amounts payable to or for the account of such Lender with respect to an applicable interest in a Loan or Commitment pursuant to a law in effect on the date on which (i) such Lender acquires such interest in the Loan or Commitment (other than pursuant to an assignment request by the Borrower under Section 3.07) or (ii) such Lender changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 3.01, amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changed its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 3.01(g) and (d) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.

 

Existing Convertible Notes” means (a) the 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due 2024 issued pursuant to that certain Indenture, dated as of August 12, 2019 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified as permitted hereunder), among the Borrower and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (the “2024 Notes”) and (b) the 1.50% Convertible Senior Notes due 2026 issued pursuant to that certain Indenture, dated as of August 12, 2019 (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified as permitted hereunder), among the Borrower and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee (the “2026 Notes”).

 

Existing Letters of Credit” means each letter of credit listed on Schedule 1.01(b).

 

Extended Commitments” means, collectively, the Extended Revolving Commitments and Extended Term Commitments.

 

Extended Loans” means, collectively, the Extended Revolving Loans and Extended Term Loans.

 

Extended Revolving Commitments” means the Revolving Commitments held by an Extending Lender.

 

Extended Revolving Loans” means the Revolving Loans made pursuant to Extended Revolving Commitments.

 

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Extended Term Commitments” means the Term Loan Commitments held by an Extending Lender.

 

Extended Term Loans” means the Term Loans made pursuant to Extended Term Commitments.

 

Extending Lender” means each Lender accepting an Extension Offer.

 

Extension” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

Extension Amendment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(b).

 

Extension Offer” has the meaning specified in Section 2.18(a).

 

Facility” means the Revolving Loans, any Extended Term Loans, any Extended Revolving Commitments and Extended Revolving Loans, any Incremental Term Loans, any Refinancing Term Loans or any Refinancing Revolving Loans, as the context may require.

 

fair market value” means, with respect to any asset or property, the price that could be negotiated in an arm’s-length, free market transaction, for cash, between a willing seller and a willing and able buyer, neither of whom is under undue pressure or compulsion to complete the transaction as determined in good faith by the management or the Board of Directors of the Borrower or as otherwise set forth in Section 1.03.

 

FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code (or any amended or successor version described above) and any intergovernmental agreement, treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities (and any related fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules or practices) implementing such Sections of the Code.

 

FCPA” means the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended or modified from time to time.

 

FDA” means the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or any successor agency thereto having substantially the same functions and jurisdiction.

 

Federal Funds Rate” means, for any day, the rate calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York based on such day’s federal funds transactions by depository institutions (as determined in such manner as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York shall set forth on its public website from time to time) and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as the federal funds effective rate; provided that if the Federal Funds Rate for any day is less than zero, the Federal Funds Rate for such day will be deemed to be zero.

 

Fee Letter” means (a) that certain Fee Letter, dated as of the date hereof, by and among the Borrower and the Lead Arrangers and (b) that certain Agent Fee Letter, dated as of the date hereof, by and among the Borrower and Wells Fargo.

 

Fixed Incremental Amount” means, as of the date of measurement, the sum of:

 

(a)            the greater of (i) $200,000,000 and (ii) 100% of TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA as of the applicable date of determination; and

 

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(b)            the aggregate principal amount of any voluntary prepayments, redemptions and repurchases (including amounts paid pursuant to “yank-a-bank” provisions with credit given to the amount actually paid in cash, if acquired below par) of Pari Passu Lien Debt, in each case except to the extent such prepayments were funded with the proceeds of long-term indebtedness of a Loan Party (and in the case of any revolving commitments, as long as there is a permanent reduction in such commitments);

 

minus, without duplication of any amounts incurred in reliance on this definition, the aggregate amount of any Incremental Equivalent Debt incurred and then outstanding in reliance on the Fixed Incremental Amount.

 

Foreign Lender” means any Lender that is not a U.S. Person.

 

Foreign Plan” means any material employee benefit plan, program or agreement maintained or contributed to by, or entered into with, the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary of the Borrower with respect to employees employed outside the United States (other than benefit plans, programs or agreements that are mandated by applicable Laws).

 

Foreign Subsidiary” means any direct or indirect Subsidiary of the Borrower that is not a Domestic Subsidiary.

 

FRB” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States.

 

Fronting Exposure” means, at any time there is a Defaulting Lender, with respect to the Issuing Banks, such Defaulting Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the outstanding Letters of Credit Obligations other than such Obligations as to which such Defaulting Lender’s participation obligation has been reallocated to other Lenders or Cash Collateralized in accordance with the terms hereof.

 

FSHCO” means any entity that has no material assets other than Equity Interests (or Equity Interests and Indebtedness) in one or more Foreign Subsidiaries or other FSHCOs.

 

Fund” means any Person (other than a natural person) that is engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course.

 

Funded Debt” means all Indebtedness of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries for borrowed money that matures more than one year from the date of its creation or matures within one year from such date that is renewable or extendable, at the option of such Person, to a date more than one year from such date or arises under a revolving credit or similar agreement that obligates the lender or lenders to extend credit during a period of more than one year from such date, including Indebtedness in respect of the Loans.

 

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, as in effect from time to time, or such other internationally recognized accounting standard following an Accounting Change.

 

General Asset Sale Basket” has the meaning specified in Section 7.05(j).

 

Global Intercompany Note” means a promissory note substantially in the form of Exhibit H executed by the Borrower and each wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Governmental Authority” means the government of the United States or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).

 

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Grant Event” means the occurrence of any of the following:

 

(a)            the formation or acquisition by a Loan Party of a new wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary);

 

(b)            the designation in accordance with Section 6.13 of a wholly owned Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) of any Loan Party as a Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(c)            any Person (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) becoming a wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary of a Loan Party; or

 

(d)            any wholly owned Restricted Subsidiary of a Loan Party ceasing to be an Excluded Subsidiary.

 

Granting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(g).

 

Grantor” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Guarantee” means, as to any Person, without duplication, (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation payable or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation, or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part), or (b) any Lien (other than a Permitted Lien) on any assets of such Person securing any Indebtedness or other monetary obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Indebtedness or other monetary obligation is assumed by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Indebtedness to obtain any such Lien); provided that the term “Guarantee” shall not include endorsements for collection or deposit, in either case in the ordinary course of business or customary, Permitted Liens, and reasonable indemnity obligations in effect on the Closing Date or entered into in connection with any acquisition or disposition of assets permitted under this Agreement (other than such obligations with respect to Indebtedness). The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith. The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.

 

Guarantors” means each Restricted Subsidiary that executed a counterpart to the Guaranty (or a joinder thereto) on the Closing Date or thereafter pursuant to Section 6.11, in each case, other than any Excluded Subsidiaries. In no event will any Excluded Subsidiary be a Guarantor hereunder.

 

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Guaranty” means (a) the guaranty made by the Guarantors in favor of the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties substantially in the form of Exhibit E and (b) each other guaranty and guaranty supplement delivered pursuant to Section 6.11.

 

Guaranty Release Event” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(a)(iii).

 

Guaranty Supplement” means the “Guarantee Supplement” as defined in the Guaranty.

 

Hazardous Materials” means any materials, substances or wastes that are listed, classified or regulated by any Governmental Authority as “hazardous” “toxic” “contaminants” or “pollutants,” (or words of similar regulatory intent) under applicable Environmental Law, including petroleum or petroleum by-products (including gasoline, crude oil or any fraction thereof), asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, polychlorinated biphenyls, and radon gas.

 

Health Care Activities” means research, development, manufacture, packaging, labeling, storage, testing, transportation, commercialization, import, export, distribution, promotion, marketing or sale activities.

 

Health Care Laws” means the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. §§ 301 et seq.), the federal Anti-kickback Statute (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)), the Anti-Inducement Law (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7a(a)(5)), the civil False Claims Act (31 U.S.C. §§ 3729 et. seq.), the administrative False Claims Law (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(a)), the exclusion Laws (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7), the Medicare Program (Title XVIII of the Social Security Act), the Medicaid Program (Title XIX of the Social Security Act), the so-called federal “sunshine” law or Open Payments (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7h), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, any federal, state and local Laws regulating the privacy and/or security of individually identifiable information including the EU General Data Protection Regulation (2016/679), laws regulating the collection, reporting and processing of any applicable rebate, chargeback or adjustment under the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program (42 U.S.C. § 1396r-8) and any state supplemental rebate program, Medicare average sales price reporting (42 U.S.C. § 1395w-3a), the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. § 256b), the VA Federal Supply Schedule (38 U.S.C. § 8126) or any state pharmaceutical assistance program or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs agreement, and any successor government programs, and any comparable local, state, federal and foreign health care laws, including in each case any laws promulgated pursuant to the foregoing.

 

Hedge Agreement” means any agreement with respect to (a) any and all rate swap transactions, basis swaps, credit derivative transactions, forward rate transactions, commodity swaps, commodity options, forward commodity contracts, equity or equity index swaps or options (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, any option imbedded in any Convertible Indebtedness), bond or bond price or bond index swaps or options or forward bond or forward bond price or forward bond index transactions, interest rate options, forward foreign exchange transactions, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar transactions, currency swap transactions, cross-currency rate swap transactions, currency options, spot contracts, or any other similar transactions or any combination of any of the foregoing (including any options to enter into any of the foregoing), whether or not any such transaction is governed by or subject to any master agreement, and (b) any and all transactions of any kind, and the related confirmations, which are subject to the terms and conditions of, or governed by, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement (any such master agreement, together with any related schedules, a “Master Agreement”), including any such obligations or liabilities under any Master Agreement.

 

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Hedge Bank” means any Person,

 

(a)            listed on Schedule 1.01(c); or

 

(b)            that is (or becomes) an Agent, a Lender or a Lead Arranger or an Affiliate of any of the foregoing, either (i) on the Closing Date, (ii) at the time it enters into a Hedge Agreement, (iii) within 45 days after the date it enters into a Hedge Agreement, or (iv) at the time that a Person with a Hedge Agreement is merged with the Borrower or becomes or is merged with a Restricted Subsidiary (in the case of this clause (iv) with respect to any Hedge Agreements entered into prior to the date of such merger or such Person becoming a Restricted Subsidiary), in each case in this clause (b) whether or not such Person subsequently ceases to be an Agent, a Lender or a Lead Arranger or an Affiliate of any of the foregoing.

 

provided that no Person shall be deemed to be a Hedge Bank with respect to any Hedge Agreement entered into at a time when such Person is a Defaulting Lender until such Person ceases to be a Defaulting Lender.

 

HMT” means His Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom.

 

Identified Transaction” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(b).

 

IFRS” means International Financial Reporting Standards and applicable accounting requirements set by the International Accounting Standards Board or any successor thereto (or the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, or any successor to either such Board, or the SEC, as the case may be), as in effect from time to time.

 

Immaterial Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Borrower other than a Material Subsidiary. As of the Closing Date, Ironwood Pharmaceuticals GmbH, a Swiss limited liability company, is an Immaterial Subsidiary.

 

Increased Amount” of any Indebtedness shall mean any increase in the amount of such Indebtedness in connection with any accrual of interest, the accretion of accreted value, the amortization of original issue discount or deferred financing fees, the payment of interest or dividends in the form of additional Indebtedness or in the form of Equity Interests, as applicable, the accretion of original issue discount, deferred financing fees or liquidation preference and increases in the amount of Indebtedness outstanding solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange rate of currencies.

 

Incremental Amendment” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(e).

 

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Incremental Equivalent Debt” means any Indebtedness incurred by the Borrower in the form of one or more series of senior secured notes, notes or term loans secured on a junior lien basis or unsecured notes or terms loans; provided that, (a) if such Indebtedness is secured, such Indebtedness shall be secured by the Collateral on a pari passu or junior basis with the Revolving Loans and shall not be secured by any property or assets of the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary other than the Collateral, (b) the stated final maturity of such Indebtedness shall not be earlier than the Latest Maturity Date at the time of the incurrence of such Indebtedness (except for any such Indebtedness in the form of a bridge or other interim credit facility intended to be refinanced or replaced with long-term Indebtedness, which such Indebtedness, upon the maturity thereof, automatically converts into Indebtedness that satisfies the requirements set forth in this definition), (c) such Indebtedness shall not be required to be repaid, prepaid, redeemed, repurchased or defeased, whether on one or more fixed dates, upon the occurrence of one or more events or at the option of any holder thereof (except, in each case, (x) upon the occurrence of an event of default, asset sale, event of loss, or a change in control and (y) in the case of any such Incremental Equivalent Debt in the form of a bridge or other interim credit facility intended to be refinanced or replaced with long-term Indebtedness, upon the occurrence of such refinancing or replacement Indebtedness as long as such refinancing or replacement Indebtedness satisfies the requirements set forth in this definition) prior to the Latest Maturity Date at the time of the incurrence of such Indebtedness; provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, scheduled amortization payments (however denominated) of such Indebtedness shall be permitted so long as the weighted average life to maturity of such Indebtedness is not shorter than the weighted average life to maturity of any then-outstanding Classes of Term Loans, (d) the terms and conditions of such Indebtedness (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, pricing, maturity, prepayment or redemption terms) are not materially more favorable (when taken as a whole), as determined by the Borrower in good faith, to the lenders or holders providing such Indebtedness than those applicable to the existing Commitments and the Loans at the time of incurrence of such Indebtedness (except for covenants (including financial maintenance covenants) or other provisions (i) applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date in effect at the time such Incremental Equivalent Debt is issued or (ii) that are also for the benefit of all other Lenders in respect of Loans and Commitments outstanding at the time such Incremental Equivalent Debt is incurred), as determined in good faith by the Borrower (it being understood that such Indebtedness may include one or more financial maintenance covenants with which the Borrower shall be required to comply; provided that, any such financial maintenance covenant shall also be for the benefit of all other Lenders in respect of all Loans and Commitments outstanding at the time that such Incremental Equivalent Debt is incurred), (e) if such Indebtedness is secured, the security agreements relating to such Indebtedness shall not be materially more favorable (when taken as a whole) to the holders providing such Indebtedness than the existing Collateral Documents are to the Lenders (as determined in good faith by the Borrower) (with such differences as are appropriate to reflect the nature of such Incremental Equivalent Debt and are otherwise reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent), (f) if such Indebtedness is secured, a trustee or note agent acting on behalf of the holders of such Indebtedness shall have become party to customary intercreditor arrangements mutually agreed with the Administrative Agent and (g) such Indebtedness shall not be guaranteed by any Subsidiaries other than the Loan Parties. At the time of incurrence, the aggregate principal amount of all Incremental Equivalent Debt on any date such Indebtedness is incurred (or commitments with respect thereto are made) shall not, together with any Incremental Revolving Facilities and/or Incremental Term Facilities then outstanding, exceed the Fixed Incremental Amount.

 

Incremental Facility” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

Incremental Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

Incremental Revolving Facilities” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

Incremental Revolving Facility Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(i)(i).

 

Incremental Revolving Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

Incremental Term Facilities” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

Incremental Term Loan Commitment” means the commitment of a Lender to make or otherwise fund an Incremental Term Loan and “Incremental Term Loan Commitments” means such commitments of all Lenders in the aggregate.

 

Incremental Term Loan Exposure” means, with respect to any Lender, as of any date of determination, the outstanding principal amount of the Incremental Term Loans of such Lenders; provided, at any time prior to the making of the Incremental Term Loans, the Incremental Term Loan Exposure of any Lender shall be equal to such Lender’s Incremental Term Loan Commitment.

 

Incremental Term Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).

 

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Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person, without duplication,

 

(a)            any indebtedness (including principal or premium) of such Person in respect of borrowed money; any indebtedness evidenced by bonds, notes, debentures, loan agreements or similar instruments; letters of credit and banker’s acceptances (or, without double counting, reimbursement agreements in respect thereof); Capitalized Lease Obligations; the balance deferred and unpaid of the purchase price of any property to the extent the same would be required to be shown as a long-term liability on the balance sheet of such Person prepared in accordance with GAAP;

 

(b)            (i) to the extent not otherwise included, any Guarantee by such Person of the obligations of the type referred to in clause (a) of another Person (whether or not such items would appear upon the balance sheet of such obligor or guarantor), other than by endorsement of negotiable instruments for collection in the ordinary course of business and (ii) to the extent not otherwise included, the obligations of the type referred to in clause (a) of another Person secured by a Lien (other than a Permitted Lien) on any property owned by such Person, whether or not such obligations are assumed by such Person and whether or not such obligations would appear upon the balance sheet of such Person; provided that the amount of such Indebtedness for purposes of this clause (ii) will be the lesser of the fair market value of such property at such date of determination and the amount of Indebtedness so secured;

 

(c)            net obligations of such Person under any Hedge Agreement to the extent such obligations would appear as a net liability on a balance sheet of such Person (other than in the footnotes) prepared in accordance with GAAP; and

 

(d)            all obligations of such Person in respect of its Disqualified Equity Interests;

 

provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, Indebtedness will be deemed not to include indebtedness, guarantees or obligations that are (1) contingent obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business unless and until such obligations are non-contingent, (2) trade payables, (3) earn-outs (until due and payable) purchase price holdbacks or similar obligations and (4) intercompany liabilities arising in the ordinary course of business. The amount of any net obligation under any Hedge Agreement on any date shall be deemed to be the Swap Termination Value thereof as of such date.

 

Indemnified Liabilities” has the meaning specified in Section 11.05.

 

Indemnified Taxes” means (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in (a), Other Taxes.

 

Indemnitees” has the meaning specified in Section 11.05.

 

Independent Financial Advisor” means an accounting, appraisal, investment banking firm or consultant of nationally recognized standing that is, in the good faith judgment of the Borrower, qualified to perform the task for which it has been engaged and that is independent of the Borrower and its Affiliates.

 

Information” has the meaning specified in Section 11.08.

 

Initial Extension Date” has the meaning specified in Section 4.02(d).

 

Intellectual Property” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

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Intellectual Property Security Agreements” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Intercreditor Agreements” means any Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement, any Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement and any other intercreditor agreement governing lien priority, in each case that may be executed by the Collateral Agent from time to time.

 

Interest Coverage Ratio” means, as of any date, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA to (b) Consolidated Interest Expense of the type described in clause (a) of the definition thereof, in each case for the Test Period as of such date.

 

Interest Payment Date” means, (a) as to any Benchmark Rate Loan, the last day of each Interest Period applicable to such Benchmark Rate Loan and the applicable Maturity Date; provided that if any Interest Period for a Benchmark Rate Loan exceeds three months, the respective dates that fall every three months after the beginning of such Interest Period shall also be Interest Payment Dates, and (b) as to any Base Rate Loan the last Business Day of each fiscal quarter and the applicable Maturity Date.

 

Interest Period” means, as to each Benchmark Rate Loan, the period commencing on the date such Benchmark Rate Loan is disbursed or converted to or continued as a Benchmark Rate Loan and ending on the date one, three or six months thereafter, as selected by the Borrower in its Committed Loan Notice; provided that:

 

(a)            any Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the immediately preceding Business Day;

 

(b)            any Interest Period (other than an Interest Period having a duration of less than one month) that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period;

 

(c)            no Interest Period shall extend beyond the applicable Maturity Date;

 

(d)            at the request of the Borrower (with the consent of the Administrative Agent), an Interest Period may be shortened as necessary to synchronize the Interest Periods of the Loans; and

 

(e)            no tenor that has been removed from this definition pursuant to Section 11.01(f) shall be available for specification in any Committed Loan Notice / Conversions/Continuation Notice.

 

Investment” means, as to any Person, any direct or indirect acquisition or investment by such Person, by means of,

 

(a)            the purchase or other acquisition (including by merger or otherwise) of Equity Interests or debt or other securities of another Person;

 

(b)            a loan, advance or capital contribution to, Guarantee or assumption of Indebtedness of, or purchase or other acquisition of any other debt or equity participation or interest in, another Person, including any partnership or joint venture interest in such other Person; or

  

 

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(c)                the purchase or other acquisition (in one transaction or a series of transactions, including by merger or otherwise) of all or substantially all of the property and assets or business of another Person or assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of another Person;

 

provided that none of the following shall constitute an Investment intercompany advances between and among the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries relating to their cash management, tax and accounting operations in the ordinary course of business.

 

Investment Grade Rating” means a rating equal to or higher than Baa3 (or the equivalent) by Moody’s and BBB- (or the equivalent) by S&P, or an equivalent rating by any other nationally recognized statistical rating agency selected by the Borrower.

 

Ironwood Securities” means Ironwood Pharmaceuticals Securities Corporation, a Massachusetts corporation.

 

IRS” means Internal Revenue Service of the United States.

 

Issuance Notice” means an Issuance Notice in respect of letters of credit substantially in the form of Exhibit A-3.

 

Issuing Bank” means, (a) with respect to each Existing Letter of Credit, Citizens Bank, N. A., and (b) with respect to all other Letters of Credit, each of Wells Fargo, Citizens Bank, N.A., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and RBC Capital Markets, LLC, each as an Issuing Bank hereunder, together with its permitted successors and assigns in such capacity, and any other Lender that becomes an Issuing Bank in accordance with Section 2.04(j) or Section 2.04(l). Any Issuing Bank may cause Letters of Credit to be issued by an Affiliate of such Issuing Bank or by another financial institution designated by such Issuing Bank, and all Letters of Credit issued by any such Affiliate or any such designated financial institution shall be treated as being issued by such Issuing Bank for all purposes under the Loan Documents.

 

Joint Bookrunners” means Citibank, N.A., Citizens Bank, N.A., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., RBC Capital Markets, LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, each in its capacity as a joint bookrunner under this Agreement.

 

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Joint Venture” means (a) any Person which would constitute an “equity method investee” of the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries and (b) any Person in whom the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries beneficially owns any Equity Interest that is not a Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Joint Venture Investments” means Investments in any Joint Venture or Unrestricted Subsidiary in an aggregate amount not to exceed the greater of (a) $20,000,000 and (b) 10% of TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA.

 

Junior Debt Repayment” has the meaning specified in Section 7.09(a).

 

Junior Financing” means (a) any Material Indebtedness that is contractually subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations expressly by its terms and (b) the Existing Convertible Notes.

 

Junior Financing Documentation” means any documentation governing any Junior Financing.

 

Junior Lien Debt” means any Indebtedness that is (or is intended by the Borrower to be) secured by Liens on all or any portion of the Collateral that are contractually (or otherwise) junior in priority to the Liens on all or any portion of the Collateral that secure the Obligations (incurred on the Closing Date). For the avoidance of doubt, “Junior Lien Debt” excludes the Revolving Loans (if any) and the Revolving Commitments, in each case, as of the Closing Date and includes Obligations that are secured (or intended to be secured) by a Lien that is junior in priority to Liens securing Pari Passu Lien Debt. A Debt Representative acting on behalf of the holders of Junior Lien Debt shall become party to, or otherwise subject to the provisions of a Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement” means an intercreditor agreement, substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit K-1 dated as of the Closing Date, or, if requested by the providers of Indebtedness permitted hereunder to be Junior Lien Debt, another intercreditor agreement that effects lien subordination on terms that are reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, the Required Lenders and the Borrower; provided, that a Lender shall be deemed to have consented to such other arrangement if such Lender does not respond within five Business Days of written request for its consent to such other arrangement. Upon the request of the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent will execute and deliver a Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement with one or more Debt Representatives for secured Indebtedness that is permitted to be incurred hereunder as Junior Lien Debt.

 

L/C Fee” has the meaning specified in Section 2.11(b)(ii).

 

Latest Maturity Date” means, at any date of determination, the latest maturity or expiration date applicable to any Loan or Commitment hereunder at such time, including the latest maturity or expiration date of any Incremental Loan, any Refinancing Term Loan, any Refinancing Revolving Loan, any Extended Term Loan or any Extended Revolving Commitment, in each case as extended in accordance with this Agreement from time to time.

 

Laws” means, collectively, all international, foreign, federal, state and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities and executive orders, including the binding interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, legal orders, units, injunctions, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority (including any Healthcare Laws).

 

LCA Election” has the meaning specified in Section 1.08(f).

 

LCA Test Date” has the meaning specified in Section 1.08(f).

 

Lead Arrangers” means Citibank, N.A., Citizens Bank, N.A., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., RBC Capital Markets, LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC each in its capacity as a joint lead arranger under this Agreement.

 

Lender” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph to this Agreement (and, for the avoidance of doubt, includes each Revolving Lender and each Term Loan Lender), and their respective successors and assigns as permitted hereunder, each of which is referred to herein as a “Lender.” Each Additional Lender shall be a Lender to the extent any such Person has executed and delivered a Refinancing Amendment or an Incremental Amendment, as the case may be, and to the extent such Refinancing Amendment or Incremental Amendment shall have become effective in accordance with the terms hereof and thereof, and each Extending Lender shall continue to be a Lender. As of the Closing Date, Schedule 2.01 sets forth the name of each Lender. Unless the context otherwise requires, the term “Lenders” includes the Issuing Banks.

 

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Lending Office” means, as to any Lender, the office or offices of such Lender described as such in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire, or such other office or offices as a Lender may from time to time notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

 

Letter of Credit” means (a) each Existing Letter of Credit and (b) a letter of credit issued or to be issued by any Issuing Bank pursuant to this Agreement, in Dollars, which letter of credit shall be (i) a standby letter of credit or (ii) solely to the extent agreed by the applicable Issuing Bank in its sole discretion, a commercial, documentary or “trade” letter of credit, letter of guarantee, bank guarantee, bankers’ acceptance, performance bond, surety bond or other similar instrument.

 

Letter of Credit Advance” means, as to any Revolving Lender, such Lender’s funding of its participation in any Letter of Credit Borrowing in accordance with its Pro Rata Share.

 

Letter of Credit Application” means an application and agreement for the issuance or amendment of a Letter of Credit in the form from time to time in use by the applicable Issuing Bank, together with an Issuance Notice.

 

Letter of Credit Borrowing” means an extension of credit resulting from a drawing under any Letter of Credit that has not been reimbursed by the Borrower on the date when made or refinanced as a Revolving Loan Borrowing.

 

Letter of Credit Documents” means, as to any Letter of Credit, each Letter of Credit Application and any other document, agreement and instrument entered into by the applicable Issuing Bank and the Borrower or in favor of such Issuing Bank and relating to such Letter of Credit.

 

Letter of Credit Expiration Date” means the day that is five Business Days prior to the Maturity Date with respect to Revolving Loans (or, if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day).

 

Letter of Credit Extension” means, with respect to any Letter of Credit, the issuance thereof or the extension of the expiry date thereof, or the renewal or increase of the amount thereof.

 

Letter of Credit Obligations” means, at any time, the aggregate of all liabilities at such time of any Loan Party to each Issuing Bank with respect to Letters of Credit, whether or not any such liability is contingent, including, without duplication, the sum of (a) the Reimbursement Obligations at such time and (b) the maximum aggregate amount which is, or at any time thereafter may become, available for drawing under all Letters of Credit then outstanding.

 

Letter of Credit Percentage” means, (a) initially with respect to each of Wells Fargo, Citizens Bank, N.A., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and RBC Capital Markets, LLC, 25%, 25%, 25% and 25%, respectively (in each case, as may be reduced to reflect any percentage allocated to another Issuing Bank pursuant to the immediately succeeding clause (b)) and (b) from time to time after the Closing Date with respect to any other Issuing Bank, a percentage to be agreed between the Borrower and such Issuing Bank.

 

Letter of Credit Sublimit” means the greater of (a) $10,000,000 and (b) such higher amount as the Borrower, the Required Revolving Lenders and the applicable Issuing Bank(s) may from time to time agree.

 

Letter of Credit Usage” means, as of any date of determination, the sum of (a) the maximum aggregate amount which is, or at any time thereafter may become, available for drawing under all Letters of Credit then outstanding and (b) the aggregate amount of all Reimbursement Obligations outstanding at such time.

 

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Lien” means any mortgage, pledge, hypothecation, assignment, deposit arrangement, encumbrance, lien (statutory or other), charge, or preference, priority or other security interest or preferential arrangement of any kind or nature whatsoever (including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any easement, right of way or other encumbrance on title to real property, and any Capitalized Lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing); provided that in no event shall an operating lease or an agreement to sell in and of itself be deemed or give rise to a Lien.

 

Lien Release Event” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(a)(i).

 

Liened Property” has the meaning specified in Section 6.12.

 

Limited Condition Transaction” means any Acquisition Transaction, Investment, Restricted Payment, repayment, repurchase, defeasance or refinancing of Indebtedness, involving the Borrower or one or more of its Restricted Subsidiaries identified by the Borrower (including one or more transactions that could result in a Change of Control) (a) that is not conditioned on the availability of, or on obtaining, third party financing, (b) that requires the payment of any fee, liquidated damages or other amount, or an indemnity, claim or other liability, as a result of third party financing not being available or having been obtained, (c) with respect to which notice will be or is required to be delivered prior to the consummation thereof, or (d) that the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary is obligated to consummate pursuant to a Contractual Obligation.

 

Liquidity” means, as of any date of determination, (a) cash and Cash Equivalents of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis that is not Restricted, plus (b) the amount by which Revolving Commitments that can be drawn, exceed the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments.

 

Loan” means a Term Loan (if any) and a Revolving Loan made by a Lender to the Borrower under a Loan Document.

 

Loan Documents” means, collectively, (a) this Agreement, (b) the Notes, (c) any Refinancing Amendment, Incremental Amendment or Extension Amendment, (d) the Guaranty (if any), (e) the Collateral Documents, (f) the Intercreditor Agreements (if any), and (g) the Global Intercompany Note.

 

Loan Parties” means, collectively, the Borrower and the Guarantors.

 

Management Stockholders” means (a) any Company Person who is an investor in the Borrower, (b) family members of any of the individuals identified in the foregoing clause (a), (c) trusts, partnerships or limited liability companies for the benefit of any of the individuals identified in the foregoing clause (a) or (b), and (d) heirs, executors, estates, successors and legal representatives of the individuals identified in the foregoing clause (a) or (b).

 

Margin Stock” has the meaning set forth in Regulation U of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve System, or any successor thereto.

 

Master Agreement” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Hedge Agreement.

 

Material Adverse Effect” means any event, circumstance or condition that has had a materially adverse effect on (a) the business, operations, assets, liabilities (actual or contingent) or financial condition of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, and (b) the ability of the Loan Parties (taken as a whole) to perform their respective payment obligations under the Loan Documents or (c) the rights and remedies of the Lenders, the Collateral Agent or the Administrative Agent under the Loan Documents.

 

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Material Domestic Subsidiary” means, as of the Closing Date and thereafter at any date of determination, each of the Borrower’s Domestic Subsidiaries that are Restricted Subsidiaries,

 

(a)                whose total assets at the last day of the most recent Test Period (when taken together with the total assets of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Domestic Subsidiary at the last day of the most recent Test Period) were greater than 5.0% of the consolidated total assets of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as of the last day of such Test Period, determined on a Pro Forma Basis, or

 

(b)                whose revenues for such Test Period (when taken together with the revenues of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Domestic Subsidiary for such Test Period) were greater than 5.0% of the consolidated revenues of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period, determined on a Pro Forma Basis;

 

provided that if, at any time and from time to time after the date which is 30 days after the Closing Date (or such longer period as the Administrative Agent may agree in its sole discretion), Domestic Subsidiaries that are not Guarantors solely because they do not meet the thresholds set forth in clause (a) or (b) above comprise in the aggregate and on a Pro Forma Basis,

 

(i)                more than (when taken together with the total assets of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Domestic Subsidiaries at the last day of the most recent Test Period) 15.0% of the total consolidated assets of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as of the end of the most recently ended Test Period, or

 

(ii)               more than (when taken together with the revenues of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Domestic Subsidiaries for such Test Period) 15.0% of the consolidated revenues of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period,

 

then the Borrower shall, not later than sixty days after the date by which financial statements for such Test Period were required to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement (or such longer period as the Administrative Agent may agree in its sole discretion), (1) designate in writing to the Administrative Agent one or more of such Domestic Subsidiaries as “Material Domestic Subsidiaries” to the extent required such that the foregoing conditions (i) and (ii) cease to be true and (2) comply with the provisions of Section 6.11 with respect to any such Subsidiaries so designated as Material Domestic Subsidiaries.

 

Material Foreign Subsidiary” means, as of the Closing Date and thereafter at any date of determination, each of the Borrower’s Foreign Subsidiaries that are Restricted Subsidiaries,

 

(a)                whose total assets at the last day of the most recent Test Period (when taken together with the total assets of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Foreign Subsidiary at the last day of the most recent Test Period) were greater than 5.0% of the consolidated total assets of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as of the last day of such Test Period, determined on a Pro Forma Basis, or

 

(b)                whose revenues for such Test Period (when taken together with the revenues of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Foreign Subsidiary for such Test Period) were greater than 5.0% of the consolidated revenues of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period, determined on a Pro Forma Basis;

 

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provided that if, at any time and from time to time after the date which is 30 days after the Closing Date (or such longer period as the Administrative Agent may agree in its sole discretion), Foreign Subsidiaries that are not Material Foreign Subsidiaries comprise in the aggregate and on a Pro Forma Basis,

 

(i)                more than (when taken together with the total assets of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Foreign Subsidiaries at the last day of the most recent Test Period) 15.0% of the total consolidated assets of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as of the end of the most recently ended Test Period, or

 

(ii)               more than (when taken together with the revenues of the Restricted Subsidiaries of such Foreign Subsidiaries for such Test Period) 15.0% of the consolidated revenues of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries for such Test Period

 

then the Borrower shall, not later than sixty days after the date by which financial statements for such Test Period were required to be delivered pursuant to this Agreement (or such longer period as the Administrative Agent may agree in its sole discretion), designate in writing to the Administrative Agent one or more of such Foreign Subsidiaries as “Material Foreign Subsidiaries” to the extent required such that the foregoing conditions (i) and (ii) cease to be true.

 

Material Indebtedness” means, as of any date, Indebtedness for borrowed money on such date of any Loan Party in an aggregate principal amount exceeding the Threshold Amount; provided that in no event shall any of the following be Material Indebtedness (a) Indebtedness under a Loan Document, (b) [reserved], (c) Capitalized Lease Obligations, (d) Indebtedness held by a Loan Party and (e) Indebtedness under Hedge Agreements.

 

Material Intellectual Property” means Intellectual Property owned by the Borrower or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries that is material to the business of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

Material Subsidiary” means any Material Domestic Subsidiary or any Material Foreign Subsidiary.

 

Maturity Date” means:

 

(a)                with respect to the Revolving Loans, the date that is the earliest to occur of (i) May 21, 2027, (ii) the date that is 91 days prior to the stated maturity date of the Existing Convertible Notes then outstanding (the “Springing Maturity Date”); provided that the Springing Maturity Date shall not apply (and only the Maturity Dates referenced in clauses (i) and (iii) shall apply) if, as of March 11, 2024 (in the case of the 2024 Notes) and March 10, 2026 (in the case of the 2026 Notes), as applicable, (A) the Borrower shall have Liquidity of not less than $250,000,000 (which shall be tested without giving pro forma effect to the payment of each Existing Convertible Note) and (B) the Borrower shall have no less than $100,000,000 of cash or Cash Equivalents on its balance sheet; provided, however, if the stated maturity date of the Existing Convertible Notes is extended at any point prior to March 11, 2024 (in the case of the 2024 Notes) or March 10, 2026 (in the case of the 2026 Notes), then the tests set forth in clauses (A) and (B) above shall occur on the applicable new Springing Maturity Date with respect to such Existing Convertible Note, (iii) the date Revolving Loans are declared due and payable pursuant to Section 9.02 and (iv) five Business Days after the Outside Date (as defined in the definitive documentation for the Designated Acquisition in effect on the date hereof, as such date may be extended pursuant to the terms thereto (as in effect on the date hereof)), in the event the first purchase of shares in connection with the Offer (as defined in the definitive documentation for the Designated Acquisition in effect on the date hereof) is not consummated prior to such date; provided, that in no event shall the Outside Date be later than February 15, 2024.

 

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(b)                with respect to any tranche of Extended Term Loans and/or Extended Revolving Commitments, the earlier of (i) the final maturity date as specified in the applicable Extension Amendment and (ii) the date such tranche of Extended Term Loans and/or Extended Revolving Commitments are terminated and/or declared due and payable pursuant to Section 9.02;

 

(c)                with respect to any Refinancing Term Loans or Refinancing Revolving Loans, the earlier of (i) the final maturity date as specified in the applicable Refinancing Amendment and (ii) the date such Refinancing Term Loans or Refinancing Revolving Loans are declared due and payable pursuant to Section 9.02; and

 

(d)                with respect to any Incremental Term Loans, the earlier of (i) the final maturity date as specified in the applicable Incremental Amendment and (ii) the date such Incremental Term Loans are declared due and payable pursuant to Section 9.02;

 

provided, in each case, that if such day is not a Business Day, the applicable Maturity Date shall be the Business Day immediately preceding such day.

 

Maximum Rate” has the meaning specified in Section 11.10.

 

Minimum Collateral Amount” means, at any time, with respect to Cash Collateral consisting of cash or deposit account balances, an amount equal to 103% of the Fronting Exposure of the Issuing Banks with respect to Letters of Credit issued and outstanding at such time, and otherwise, an amount determined by the Administrative Agent and the Issuing Banks, as the case may be, in their sole discretion.

 

Minority Investment” means any Person other than a Subsidiary in which the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary owns any Equity Interests.

 

Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor thereto.

 

Multiemployer Plan” means any multiemployer plan as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA and subject to Title IV of ERISA, to which any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates makes or is obligated to make contributions, or during the preceding five plan years, has made or been obligated to make contributions.

 

Net Income” means, with respect to any Person, the net income (loss) of such Person, determined in accordance with GAAP (determined, for the avoidance of doubt, on an unconsolidated basis) and before any reduction in respect of preferred stock dividends.

 

Non-Consenting Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 3.07.

 

Non-Defaulting Lender” means, at any time, each Lender that is not a Defaulting Lender at such time.

 

Non-Loan Party” means any Restricted Subsidiary of the Borrower that is not a Loan Party.

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Nonrenewal Notice Date” has the meaning specified in Section 2.04(b)(iii).

 

Not Otherwise Applied” means, with reference to the amount of any Permitted Equity Issuances that is proposed to be used in determining the permissibility of a transaction under a covenant contained in the Loan Documents (including pursuant to one or more exceptions or “baskets” applicable to such covenant), that such amount was not previously applied in determining the permissibility of a transaction under another covenant, basket or exception contained in the Loan Documents (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any use of such amount to increase the Available Amount) where the permissibility of such transaction under such other covenant, basket or exception was contingent on the receipt or availability of such amount, it being agreed that the incurrence of secured debt shall be deemed one use transaction for purposes of this definition.

 

Note” means the Revolving Loan Notes.

 

Obligations” means all,

 

(a)                advances to, and debts, liabilities, obligations, covenants and duties of, any Loan Party arising under any Loan Document or otherwise with respect to any Loan or Letter of Credit, whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assumption), absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising and including interest, fees and expenses that accrue after the commencement by or against any Loan Party of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Laws naming such Person as the debtor in such proceeding, regardless of whether such interest, fees and expenses are allowed claims in such proceeding;

 

(b)                obligations of any Loan Party arising under any Secured Hedge Agreement; and

 

(c)                Cash Management Obligations;

 

provided that “Obligations” shall exclude any Excluded Swap Obligations. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Obligations of the Loan Parties under the Loan Documents (and any of their Subsidiaries to the extent they have obligations under the Loan Documents) include the obligation (including guarantee obligations) to pay principal, interest, reimbursement obligations, charges, expenses, fees, Attorney Costs, indemnities and other amounts payable by any Loan Party and to provide Cash Collateral under any Loan Document.

 

OFAC” means the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department.

 

OID” means original issue discount.

 

Organization Documents” means,

 

(a)                with respect to any corporation, the certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction);

 

(b)                with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization and operating agreement; and

 

(c)                with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture or other applicable agreement of formation or organization and any agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization and, if applicable, any certificate or articles of formation or organization of such entity.

 

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Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).

 

Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 3.07).

 

Overnight Rate” means, for any day, the greater of (i) the Federal Funds Rate and (ii) an overnight rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation.

 

Pari Passu Lien Debt” means any Indebtedness that is (or is intended by the Borrower to be) secured by Liens on all or any portion of the Collateral that are pari passu in priority with the Liens on all or any portion of the Collateral that secure the Obligations incurred on the Closing Date. For the avoidance of doubt, “Pari Passu Lien Debt” includes the Revolving Loans (if any) and the Revolving Commitments, in each case, as of the Closing Date, and excludes Obligations that are unsecured or secured (or intended to be secured) by a Lien that is junior in priority to Liens securing Pari Passu Lien Debt. A Debt Representative acting on behalf of the holders of Pari Passu Lien Debt shall become party to, or otherwise subject to the provisions of, an Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement or the Collateral Documents securing the Revolving Loans.

 

Participant” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(d).

 

Participant Register” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(e).

 

Participating Member State” means each state as described in any EMU Legislation.

 

Participation” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(d).

 

Payment Recipient” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 10.16(a).

 

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or any successor thereto.

 

Pension Plan” means any “employee pension benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA), other than a Multiemployer Plan, that is subject to Title IV of ERISA and is sponsored or maintained by any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates or to which any Loan Party or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates contributes or has an obligation to contribute, or in the case of a multiple employer or other plan described in Section 4064(a) of ERISA, has made, or has had an obligation to make, contributions at any time in the preceding five plan years.

 

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Perfection Certificate” means a certificate in the form of Exhibit II to the Security Agreement or any other form reasonably approved by the Collateral Agent, as the same shall be supplemented from time to time.

 

Permit” means any permit, approval, clearance, authorization, license, certificate, certification, concession, grant, franchise, variance, submission, notification, registration, amendment, supplement, exemption or permission obtained from or submitted to any Governmental Authority that is necessary under any applicable Health Care Law for the Loan Parties to conduct their business as currently conducted.

 

Permitted Acquisition” means an Acquisition Transaction together with other Investments undertaken to consummate such Acquisition Transaction; provided that:

 

(a)                after giving Pro Forma Effect to any such Acquisition Transaction or Investment, at the applicable time determined in accordance with Section 1.08(f), no Specified Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing;

 

(b)                the business of such Person, or such assets, as the case may be, constitute a business permitted by the Loan Documents;

 

(c)                with respect to each such purchase or other acquisition, all actions required to be taken with respect to any such newly created or acquired Subsidiary (including each Subsidiary thereof that constitutes a Restricted Subsidiary) or assets in order to satisfy the requirements set forth in Section 6.11 to the extent applicable shall have been taken (or shall be taken), to the extent required by such section (or arrangements for the taking of such actions after the consummation of the Permitted Acquisition shall have been made) (unless such newly created or acquired Subsidiary constitutes an Excluded Subsidiary or is designated as an Unrestricted Subsidiary);

 

(d)                the Borrower shall be in compliance on a Pro Forma Basis with the financial covenants set forth in Section 8.01; and

 

(e)                the aggregate consideration paid (net of cash acquired) in respect of any acquisition of a Person that does not become a Loan Party or on assets that are not owned by a Loan Party or do not constitute Collateral shall not exceed the greater of $45,000,000 and 22.5% of TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA the Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA (other than with respect to the Designated Acquisition).

 

Permitted Bond Hedge Transaction” means any call or capped call option (or substantively equivalent derivative transaction) on the Borrower’s common stock (whether settled in cash and/or common stock) purchased by the Borrower in connection with the issuance of any Convertible Indebtedness; provided that the purchase price for such Permitted Bond Hedge Transaction, less the proceeds received by the Borrower from the sale of any related Permitted Warrant Transaction, does not exceed the net cash proceeds received by the Borrower or any other Loan Party from the sale of such Convertible Indebtedness issued in connection with the Permitted Bond Hedge Transaction.

 

Permitted Equity Issuance” means any,

 

(a)                 public or private sale or issuance of any Qualified Equity Interests of the Borrower;

 

(b)                sale or issuance of Indebtedness of the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary (other than intercompany Indebtedness) that have been converted into or exchanged for Qualified Equity Interests of the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary; or

 

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(c)                 interest, returns, profits, dividends, distributions and similar amounts received from any Unrestricted Subsidiary or Joint Venture that is not a Subsidiary or on account of an Investment in such Person;

 

provided that the amount of any Permitted Equity Issuance will be the amount of cash and Cash Equivalents received by a Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary in connection with such sale, issuance, contribution, interest, return, profit, dividend, distribution or similar amount and the fair market value of any other property received in connection with such sale, issuance, contribution, interest, return, profit, dividend, distribution or similar amount (measured at the time made), without adjustment for subsequent changes in the value.

 

Permitted Investment” means (a) any Permitted Acquisition, (b) any Acquisition Transaction to the extent permitted hereunder and/or (c) any other Investment or acquisition permitted hereunder.

 

Permitted Junior Secured Refinancing Debt” means any Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness that is Junior Lien Debt.

 

Permitted Lien” means any Lien not prohibited by Section 7.01.

 

Permitted Pari Passu Secured Refinancing Debt” means any Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness that is Pari Passu Lien Debt.

 

Permitted Ratio Debt” means Junior Indebtedness or Indebtedness that is not secured by a Lien; provided that, immediately after giving effect to the issuance, incurrence, or assumption of such Indebtedness (or the time commitments with respect thereto are first made):

 

(i)                 in the case of any Junior Lien Debt, the Secured Net Leverage Ratio for the applicable Test Period is equal to or less than the Secured Net Leverage Ratio Financial Covenant Level;

 

(ii)                in the case of any Indebtedness that is not secured by a Lien, the Total Net Leverage Ratio for the applicable Test Period is equal to or less than 5.00 to 1.00; and

 

(iii)              the Borrower shall be in compliance with the financial covenants set forth in Section 8.01;

 

in each case, after giving Pro Forma Effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and any use of proceeds thereof and measured as of and for the Test Period immediately preceding the issuance, incurrence or assumption of such Indebtedness for which internal financial statements are available.

 

Permitted Ratio Debt (i) may rank junior (but nor senior or pari passu) in right of payment with the initial Revolving Commitments and (ii) for the avoidance of doubt, may be Junior Lien Debt or unsecured Indebtedness. Permitted Ratio Debt will be deemed to include any Registered Equivalent Notes issued in exchange therefor.

 

Permitted Refinancing” means, with respect to any Person, any modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension of any Indebtedness of such Person; provided that

 

(a)                 the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) thereof does not exceed the principal amount (or accreted value, if applicable) of the Indebtedness so modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed or extended except by an amount equal to unpaid accrued interest and premium (including tender premiums) thereon, plus OID and upfront fees plus other fees and expenses reasonably incurred, in connection with such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension and by an amount equal to any existing commitments unutilized thereunder,

 

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(b)                other than with respect to a Permitted Refinancing in respect of Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 7.03(c) or Section 7.03(d), such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension has a final maturity date equal to or later than the final maturity date of, and has a weighted average life to maturity equal to or greater than the remaining weighted average life to maturity of, the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed or extended,

 

(c)                other than with respect to a Permitted Refinancing in respect of Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 7.03(d), at the time thereof, no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing,

 

(d)                such Indebtedness shall not be incurred or guaranteed by any Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary other than a Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary that was an obligor of the Indebtedness being exchanged, extended, renewed, replaced or refinanced and no additional Loan Parties or Restricted Subsidiaries shall become liable for such Indebtedness;

 

(e)                 if such Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed, or extended is Junior Financing or Junior Lien Debt,

 

(i)                to the extent such Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed, or extended is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations, such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal, or extension is subordinated in right of payment to the Obligations on terms at least as favorable to the Lenders as those contained in the documentation governing the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed or extended,

 

(ii)               to the extent such Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed, or extended is unsecured, such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension remains unsecured;

 

(iii)              to the extent such Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed, or extended is secured by Liens, (A) such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension is either (1) unsecured or (2) secured only by Permitted Liens and (B) to the extent that such Liens are subordinated to the Liens securing the Obligations, such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension is secured by Liens that are subordinated to the Liens securing the Obligations on terms at least as favorable to the Lenders as those contained in the documentation (including any intercreditor or similar agreements) governing the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, replaced, refunded, replaced, renewed or extended; and

 

(iv)             such modification, refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension is incurred by the Person who is the obligor of the Indebtedness being modified, refinanced, refunded, replaced, renewed or extended and no additional obligors become liable for such Indebtedness;

 

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(f)                  if such Indebtedness is secured by assets of the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary:

 

(i)                such Indebtedness shall not be secured by Liens on any assets of the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary that are not also subject to, or would be required to be subject to pursuant to the Loan Documents, a Lien securing the Obligations (except (1) Liens on property or assets applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date at the time of incurrence and (2) any Liens on property or assets to the extent that a Lien on such property or asset is also added for the benefit of the Lenders); and

 

(ii)                if such Indebtedness is Pari Passu Lien Debt or Junior Lien Debt, a Debt Representative acting on behalf of the holders of such Indebtedness has become party to, or is otherwise subject to the provisions of (A) if such Indebtedness is Pari Passu Lien Debt, an Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement or (B) if such Indebtedness is Junior Lien Debt, a Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement; and

 

(g)                in the case of any Permitted Refinancing in respect of any Permitted Pari Passu Secured Refinancing Debt or any Permitted Junior Secured Refinancing Debt, in each case, such Permitted Refinancing is secured by Liens on assets of Loan Parties that are subject to an Equal Priority Intercreditor Agreement or Junior Lien Intercreditor Agreement, as applicable.

 

Permitted Refinancing will be deemed to include any Registered Equivalent Notes issued in exchange therefor.

 

Permitted Reorganization” means any transaction (a) undertaken to effect a corporate reorganization (or similar transaction or event) for operational or efficiency purposes, or (b) related to tax planning or tax reorganization, in each case, as determined in good faith by the Borrower and entered into after the Closing Date; provided that, (i) no Event of Default is continuing immediately prior to such transaction and immediately after giving effect thereto and (ii) the Borrower has determined in good faith that, after giving effect to such transaction, the security interests of the Lenders in the Collateral (taken as a whole) and the Guarantees of the Obligations (taken as a whole), in each case would not be materially impaired as a result thereof, and such transaction would not otherwise be materially adverse to the Lenders.

 

Permitted Warrant Transaction” means any call option, warrant or right to purchase (or substantively equivalent derivative transaction) on the Borrower’s common stock (whether settled in cash and/or common stock) sold by the Borrower in connection with and substantially concurrently with any purchase by the Borrower of a related Permitted Bond Hedge Transaction; provided that the purchase price for such Permitted Bond Hedge Transaction, less the proceeds received by the Borrower from the sale of such related Permitted Warrant Transaction, does not exceed the net cash proceeds received by the Borrower or any other Loan Party from the sale of the Convertible Indebtedness issued in connection with the Permitted Warrant Transaction.

 

Person” means any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.

 

Platform” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.

 

Pledged Collateral Threshold” means an amount equal to $5,000,000.

 

Pledged Debt” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

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Pledged Equity” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Pounds Sterling” and “£” mean the lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

 

Prepayment Notice” means a written notice made pursuant to Section 2.07(a)(i) substantially in the form of Exhibit J.

 

Prime Rate” means the rate of interest last quoted by The Wall Street Journal as the “Prime Rate” in the U.S. or, if The Wall Street Journal ceases to quote such rate, the highest per annum interest rate published by the Federal Reserve Board in Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15 (519) (Selected Interest Rates) as the “bank prime loan” rate or, if such rate is no longer quoted therein, any similar rate quoted therein (as determined by the Administrative Agent) or any similar release by the Federal Reserve Board (as determined by the Administrative Agent).

 

Private-Side Information” means any information with respect to the Borrower and its Subsidiaries that is not Public-Side Information.

 

Pro Forma Basis” and “Pro Forma Effect” mean, with respect to compliance with any test or covenant or calculation hereunder, the determination or calculation of such test, covenant or ratio (including in connection with Specified Transactions) in accordance with Section 1.08.

 

Pro Rata Share” means,

 

(a)                with respect to all payments, computations and other matters relating to the Term Loan of a given Class of any Lender at any time a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place), the numerator of which is the amount of the Term Loan Exposure of such Class of such Lender at such time and the denominator of which is the aggregate Term Loan Exposure of such Class of all Lenders at such time;

 

(b)                with respect to all payments, computations and other matters relating to the Incremental Term Loans of any Lender at any time a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place), the numerator of which is the amount of the Incremental Term Loan Exposure of such Lender at such time and the denominator of which is the aggregate Incremental Term Loan Exposure of all Lenders at such time; and

 

(c)                (i) with respect to all payments, computations and other matters relating to the Revolving Commitment of any Lender at any time a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place), the numerator of which is the unused Revolving Commitment of that Lender and the denominator of which is the aggregate unused Revolving Commitments of all Lenders at such time and (ii) with respect to all payments, computations and other matters relating to the Revolving Loans of any Lender and any Letters of Credit issued or participations purchased therein by any Lender at any time a fraction (expressed as a percentage, carried out to the ninth decimal place), the numerator of which is the amount of the Revolving Exposure of that Lender and the denominator of which is the aggregate Revolving Exposure of all Lenders at such time.

 

PTE” means a prohibited transaction class exemption issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, as any such exemption may be amended from time to time.

 

Public Lenders” means Lenders that do not wish to receive Private-Side Information.

 

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Public-Side Information” means information that does not constitute material non-public information (within the meaning of United States federal, state or other applicable securities laws) with respect to the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective securities.

 

QFC” has the meaning assigned to the term “qualified financial contract” in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. 5390(c)(8)(D).

 

QFC Credit Support” has the meaning specified in Section 11.26(a).

 

Qualified Equity Interests” means any Equity Interests that are not Disqualified Equity Interests.

 

Qualified Professional Asset Manager” has the meaning specified in Section 10.15(c).

 

Recipient” means (a) the Administrative Agent, (b) any Lender and (c) any Issuing Bank, as applicable.

 

Reference Date” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Available Amount.

 

Refinanced Debt” has the meaning assigned to such term in the definition of “Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness.

 

Refinanced Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 11.01(e)(ii).

 

Refinancing Amendment” means an amendment to this Agreement executed by each of (a) the Borrower, (b) the Administrative Agent and (c) each Additional Lender and Lender that agrees to provide any portion of the Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness being incurred pursuant thereto, in accordance with Section 2.17.

 

Refinancing Commitments” means any Refinancing Term Commitments or Refinancing Revolving Commitments.

 

Refinancing Loans” means any Refinancing Term Loans or Refinancing Revolving Loans.

 

Refinancing Revolving Commitments” means one or more Classes of Revolving Loan commitments hereunder that result from a Refinancing Amendment.

 

Refinancing Revolving Loans” means one or more Classes of Revolving Loans that result from a Refinancing Amendment.

 

Refinancing Term Commitments” means one or more Classes of Term Loan commitments hereunder that result from a Refinancing Amendment.

 

Refinancing Term Loans” means one or more Classes of Term Loans that result from a Refinancing Amendment.

 

Refunding Equity Interests” has the meaning specified in Section 7.06(o).

 

Register” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(c).

 

Registered Equivalent Notes” means, with respect to any notes originally issued in a Rule 144A or other private placement transaction under the Securities Act, substantially identical notes (having the same Guarantees) issued in a dollar-for-dollar exchange therefor pursuant to an exchange offer registered with the SEC.

 

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Reimbursement Obligations” has the meaning specified in Section 2.04(c)(i).

 

Related Indemnified Person” of an Indemnitee means (a) any controlling person or controlled affiliate of such Indemnitee, (b) the respective directors, officers, or employees of such Indemnitee or any of its controlling persons or controlled affiliates and (c) the respective agents of such Indemnitee or any of its controlling persons or controlled affiliates, in the case of this clause (c), acting at the instructions of such Indemnitee, controlling person or such controlled affiliate; provided that each reference to a controlled affiliate or controlling person in this definition shall pertain to a controlled affiliate or controlling person involved in the negotiation or syndication of the Facility.

 

Release Actions” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(b).

 

Release Certificate” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(b).

 

Release Date” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(b).

 

Release/Subordination Event” has the meaning specified in Section 10.11(a)(ii).

 

Replacement Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 11.01(e)(ii).

 

Reportable Event” means, with respect to any Pension Plan, any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA or the regulations issued thereunder, other than events for which the thirty day notice period has been waived.

 

Required Facility Lenders” means, with respect to any Facility (other than the Revolving Loans) on any date of determination, Lenders having or holding more than 50% of the sum of (a) the aggregate principal amount of outstanding Loans under such Facility and (b) the aggregate unused Commitments under such Facility; provided that the portion of outstanding Loans and the unused Commitments of such Facility, as applicable, held or deemed held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Facility Lenders.

 

Required Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Lenders having or holding more than 50% of the sum of the (a) the aggregate Term Loan Exposure of all Lenders and (b) the aggregate Revolving Exposure of all Lenders; provided that the aggregate Term Loan Exposure and Revolving Exposure of or held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders.

 

Required Revolving Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Lenders having or holding more than 50% of the aggregate Revolving Exposure of all Lenders; provided that the Revolving Exposure of or held by any Defaulting Lender or Disqualified Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Revolving Lenders.

 

Responsible Officer” means the executive chairman, chief executive officer, president, senior vice president, senior vice president (finance), vice president, chief financial officer, treasurer, manager of treasury activities or assistant treasurer or other similar officer or Person performing similar functions of a Loan Party and, as to any document delivered on the Closing Date, any secretary or assistant secretary of a Loan Party. Any document delivered hereunder that is signed by a Responsible Officer of a Loan Party shall be conclusively presumed to have been authorized by all necessary corporate, partnership and/or other action on the part of such Loan Party and such Responsible Officer shall be conclusively presumed to have acted on behalf of such Loan Party. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to a “Responsible Officer” shall refer to a Responsible Officer of the Borrower.

 

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Restricted” means, when referring to cash or Cash Equivalents of the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries, that such cash or Cash Equivalents appear (or would be required to appear) as “restricted” on a consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary (unless such appearance is related to a restriction in favor of, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent or any Lender).

 

Restricted Payment” means any dividend or other distribution (whether in cash, securities or other property) with respect to any Equity Interest of the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries (in each case, solely to a holder of Equity Interests in such Person’s capacity as a holder of such Equity Interests other than dividends or distributions payable solely in Equity Interests (other than Disqualified Equity Interests) of the Borrower), or any payment (whether in cash, securities or other property), including any sinking fund or similar deposit, on account of the purchase, redemption, retirement, defeasance, acquisition, cancellation or termination of any such Equity Interest, or on account of any return of capital to the Borrower’s or Restricted Subsidiaries’ stockholders, partners or members (or the equivalent Persons thereof). For the avoidance of doubt, the payment of any Contractual Obligation that is based on, or measured with respect to the value of an Equity Interest, including any such Contractual Obligations constituting compensation arrangements, shall not be considered a Restricted Payment. The amount of any Restricted Payment not made in cash or Cash Equivalents shall be the fair market value of the securities or other property distributed by dividend or other otherwise. Convertible Indebtedness shall not constitute an Equity Interest or an option, warrant or other right to acquire an Equity Interest.

 

Restricted Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Borrower other than an Unrestricted Subsidiary.

 

Revolving Commitment” means the commitment of a Lender to make or otherwise fund any Revolving Loan and to acquire participations in Letters of Credit hereunder and “Revolving Commitments” means such commitments of all Lenders in the aggregate. The amount of each Lender’s Revolving Commitment, if any, is set forth on Schedule 2.01 under the caption “Revolving Commitment” or in the applicable Assignment and Assumption, subject to any increase, adjustment or reduction pursuant to the terms and conditions hereof including Section 2.16. The aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments as of the Closing Date is $500,000,000.

 

Revolving Commitment Period” means the period from the Closing Date to but excluding the Revolving Commitment Termination Date.

 

Revolving Commitment Termination Date” means with respect to Revolving Commitments that have not been extended pursuant to Section 2.18, the date that is the earliest to occur of (a) the Maturity Date for the Revolving Loans, and (b) the date the Revolving Commitments, including Revolving Commitments in respect of Letters of Credit, are permanently reduced to zero pursuant to Section 2.08.

 

Revolving Exposure” means, with respect to any Lender as of any date of determination, (a) prior to the termination of the Revolving Commitments, that Lender’s Revolving Commitment; and (b) after the termination of the Revolving Commitments, the sum of (i) the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Revolving Loans of that Lender, (ii) in the case of each Issuing Bank, the aggregate Letter of Credit Usage in respect of all Letters of Credit issued by that Lender (net of any participations by Lenders in such Letters of Credit), (iii) the aggregate amount of all participations by that Lender in any outstanding Letters of Credit or any unreimbursed drawing under any Letter of Credit.

 

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Revolving Facility” means the Facility comprised of the Revolving Commitments, Revolving Loans and Letters of Credit.

 

Revolving Lender” means a Lender having a Revolving Commitment or other Revolving Exposure.

 

Revolving Loan Note” means a promissory note in the form of Exhibit B.

 

Revolving Loans” has the meaning specified in Section 2.02(a).

 

Run Rate Savings” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA.

 

S&P” means Standard & Poor’s, a division of S&P Global Inc., and any successor thereto.

 

SaaS” means Software-as-a-service.

 

SaaS Expenditures” means, for any period, the aggregate of all SaaS or cloud-based expenditures (whether paid in cash or accrued as liabilities) for software, software upgrades, supplements or enhancements (including implementation costs) not capitalized as Capital Expenditures on the consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries, but would otherwise be calculated as Capital Expenditures (for this purpose, applying the internal-use software guidance in ASC 350-40) if a software license had been acquired in lieu of a SaaS or cloud-based subscription.

 

Sale Leaseback Transaction” means a sale leaseback transaction with respect to all or any portion of any real property owned by a Loan Party or other property customarily included in such transactions.

 

Same Day Funds” means disbursements and payments in immediately available funds.

 

Sanctions” means any sanction administered or enforced by the United States government (including OFAC), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, any member state of the European Union or HMT.

 

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

 

Secured Hedge Agreement” means any Hedge Agreement that is entered into by and between any Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary, on the one hand, and any Hedge Bank, on the other hand, and designated in writing by the Hedge Bank and the Borrower to the Administrative Agent as a “Secured Hedge Agreement.” Such designation shall be irrevocable and a single designation shall be effective for any Hedge Agreement or other transaction entered into pursuant to a single Master Agreement.

 

Secured Net Leverage Ratio” means, with respect to any Test Period, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Secured Net Debt outstanding as of the last day of such Test Period to (b) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA of the Borrower for such Test Period.

 

Secured Net Leverage Ratio Financial Covenant Level” means the then applicable maximum Secured Net Leverage Ratio required to be satisfied pursuant to Section 8.01(a).

 

Secured Obligations” has the meaning given to such term in the Security Agreement.

 

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Secured Parties” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Lenders, each Issuing Bank, each Hedge Bank under each Secured Hedge Agreement, each Cash Management Bank, the Supplemental Administrative Agent and each co-agent or sub-agent appointed by the Administrative Agent from time to time pursuant to Section 10.05 and Section 10.12.

 

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Security Agreement” means, collectively, the Security Agreement executed by the Loan Parties, substantially in the form of Exhibit F, together with each Security Agreement Supplement executed and delivered pursuant to Section 6.11.

 

Security Agreement Supplement” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

Security Interest” has the meaning specified in the Security Agreement.

 

SOFR” means, with respect to any Business Day, a rate per annum equal to the secured overnight financing rate for such Business Day published by the SOFR Administrator on the SOFR Administrator’s Website at approximately 2:30 p.m. (New York City time) on the immediately succeeding Business Day.

 

SOFR Administrator” means the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate).

 

SOFR Administrator’s Website” means the website of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, currently at http://www.newyorkfed.org, or any successor source for the secured overnight financing rate identified as such by the SOFR Administrator from time to time.

 

Solvent” and “Solvency” mean, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, that on such date (a) the fair value of the assets of such Person, on a consolidated basis with its Subsidiaries, exceeds its debts and liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, on a consolidated basis, (b) the present fair saleable value of the property of such Person, on a consolidated basis with its Subsidiaries, is greater than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of its debts and other liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, on a consolidated basis, as such debts and other liabilities become absolute and matured, (c) such Person, on a consolidated basis with its Subsidiaries, is able to pay its debts and liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, on a consolidated basis, as such liabilities become absolute and matured and (d) such Person, on a consolidated basis with its Subsidiaries, is not engaged in, and is not about to engage in, business for which it has unreasonably small capital. The amount of any contingent liability at any time shall be computed as the amount that would reasonably be expected to become an actual and matured liability.

 

SPC” has the meaning specified in Section 11.07(g).

 

Specified Event of Default” means an Event of Default pursuant to Section 9.01(a) or an Event of Default pursuant to Section 9.01(f) with respect to the Borrower.

 

Specified Product” means (a) LINZESS, (b) following the consummation of the Designated Acquisition, Apraglutide and/or (c) any other forms, formulations or methods of delivery of any such products under any brand name or as a generic product by or on behalf of any Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary.

 

Specified Transaction” means any of the following identified by the Borrower: (a) transaction or series of related transactions, including Investments and Acquisition Transactions, that results in a Person becoming a Restricted Subsidiary, (b) any designation of a Subsidiary as a Restricted Subsidiary or an Unrestricted Subsidiary, (c) any transaction or series of related transactions, including Dispositions, that results in a Restricted Subsidiary ceasing to be a Subsidiary of the Borrower, (d) any acquisition or disposition of assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of another Person or a facility, (e) [reserved], (f) [reserved], (g) any incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness (other than Indebtedness incurred or repaid under any revolving credit facility in the ordinary course of business for working capital purposes), (h) any Restricted Payment, (i) any Permitted Equity Issuance, (j) any Permitted Reorganization, (k) the execution of a definitive agreement or letter of intent relating to any of the foregoing transactions, and (l) transactions, events or occurrences (i) of the type given pro forma effect in any quality of earnings report prepared by a nationally recognized accounting firm and furnished to the Administrative Agent in connection with the Transactions or an Acquisition Transaction or other Investment consummated after the Closing Date or (ii) otherwise identified by the Borrower.

 

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Specified Transaction Adjustments” has the meaning specified in Section 1.08(b)(ii).

 

Springing Maturity Date” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Maturity Date”.

 

Stated Amount” means, with respect to any Letter of Credit at any time, the aggregate amount available to be drawn thereunder at such time (regardless of whether any conditions for drawing could then be met).

 

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which (a) the Equity Interests having ordinary voting power (other than by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect a majority of the Board of Directors of such corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity are at the time owned, directly or indirectly, by such Person or (b) more than 50.0% of the Equity Interests having ordinary voting power (other than by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect the Board of Directors are at the time owned of record, directly or indirectly, by such Person. Unless otherwise indicated in this Agreement, all references to Subsidiaries will mean Subsidiaries of the Borrower. No Person shall be considered a Subsidiary of the Borrower, unless the Borrower has the ability to Control such Subsidiary.

 

Subsidiary Guarantor” means, at any time, any Restricted Subsidiary (other than any Excluded Subsidiary) that, at such time, is required to be a Guarantor pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

 

Successor Borrower” has the meaning specified in Section 7.04(e).

 

Supplemental Administrative Agent” and “Supplemental Administrative Agents” have the meanings specified in Section 10.12(a).

 

Supported QFC” has the meaning specified in Section 11.26(a).

 

Swap Obligations” means with respect to any Guarantor any obligation to pay or perform under any agreement, contract or transaction that constitutes a “swap” within the meaning of Section 1a(47) of the Commodity Exchange Act.

 

Swap Termination Value” means, in respect of any one or more Hedge Agreements, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement relating to such Hedge Agreements, (a) for any date on or after the date such Hedge Agreements have been closed out and termination value(s) determined in accordance therewith, such termination value(s), and (b) for any date prior to the date referenced in clause (a), the amount(s) determined as the mark-to-market value(s) for such Hedge Agreements, as determined based upon one or more mid-market or other readily available quotations provided by any recognized dealer in such Hedge Agreements (which may include a Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender).

 

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Swiss Franc” or “CHF” mean the lawful currency of Switzerland.

 

Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

 

Term Loan” means the Incremental Term Loans, Extended Term Loans, Refinancing Term Loans, Replacement Loans and Additional Credit Facilities, to the extent not otherwise indicated and as the context may require.

 

Term Loan Commitment” means, as to each Lender, its obligation to make a Term Loan to the Borrower hereunder, expressed as an amount representing the maximum principal amount of the Term Loans to be made by such Lender under this Agreement, as such commitment may be (a) reduced from time to time pursuant to Section 2.08, (b) reduced or increased from time to time pursuant to (i) assignments by or to such Lender pursuant to an Assignment and Assumption, (ii) a Refinancing Amendment or (iii) an Extension and (c) increased from time to time pursuant to an Incremental Amendment.

 

Term Loan Exposure” means, with respect to any Lender, as of any date of determination, the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loans of such Lender; provided, at any time prior to the making of a Term Loan, the Term Loan Exposure of any Lender with respect to such Term Loan shall be equal to such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment with respect to such Term Loan, and, with regard to any Incremental Amendment at any time prior to the making of the applicable Incremental Term Loans thereunder, the Term Loan Exposure of any Lender with respect to such Incremental Term Facility shall be equal to such Lender’s Incremental Term Loan Commitment thereunder.

 

Term Loan Lender” means a Lender having a Term Loan Commitment or other Term Loan Exposure.

 

Term SOFR” means,

 

(a)                for any calculation with respect to any Borrowing of Benchmark Rate Loans with respect to which interest is determined with reference to the Term SOFR, the Term SOFR Reference Rate for a tenor comparable to the applicable Interest Period on the day (such day, the “Periodic Term SOFR Determination Day”) that is two U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to the first day of such Interest Period, as such rate is published by the Term SOFR Administrator; provided, however, that if as of 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on any Periodic Term SOFR Determination Day, the Term SOFR Reference Rate for the applicable Interest Period has not been published by the Term SOFR Administrator and a Benchmark Replacement Date with respect to the Term SOFR Reference Rate has not occurred, then Term SOFR will be the Term SOFR Reference Rate for such Interest Period as published by the Term SOFR Administrator on the first preceding U.S. Government Securities Business Day for which such Term SOFR Reference Rate for such Interest Period was published by the Term SOFR Administrator, so long as such first preceding U.S. Government Securities Business Day is not more than three U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to such Periodic Term SOFR Determination Day, and

 

(b)                for any calculation with respect to a Base Rate Loan on any day, the Term SOFR Reference Rate for a tenor of one month on the day (such day, the “Base Rate Term SOFR Determination Day”) that is two U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to such day, as such rate is published by the Term SOFR Administrator; provided, however, that if as of 5:00 p.m. (New York City time) on any Base Rate Term SOFR Determination Day the Term SOFR Reference Rate for the applicable tenor has not been published by the Term SOFR Administrator and a Benchmark Replacement Date with respect to the Term SOFR Reference Rate has not occurred, then Term SOFR will be the Term SOFR Reference Rate for such tenor as published by the Term SOFR Administrator on the first preceding U.S. Government Securities Business Day for which such Term SOFR Reference Rate for such tenor was published by the Term SOFR Administrator so long as such first preceding U.S. Government Securities Business Day is not more than three U.S. Government Securities Business Days prior to such Base Rate Term SOFR Determination Day.

 

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Term SOFR Adjustment” means 0.10% per annum.

 

Term SOFR Administrator” means the CME Group Benchmark Administration Limited (CBA) (or a successor administrator of the Term SOFR Reference Rate selected by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower).

 

Term SOFR Reference Rate” means the rate per annum determined by the Administrative Agent as the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR published by the Term SOFR Administrator.

 

Termination Conditions” means, collectively, (a) the payment in full in cash of the Obligations (other than (i) contingent indemnification obligations as to which no claim has been asserted, (ii) Obligations under Secured Hedge Agreements and (iii) Cash Management Obligations) and (b) the termination of the Commitments and the termination or expiration of all Letters of Credit under this Agreement (unless backstopped or Cash Collateralized in an amount equal to 103% of the maximum drawable amount of any such Letter of Credit or otherwise in an amount and/or in a manner reasonably acceptable to the Issuing Banks).

 

Test Period” in effect at any time means either (a) the most recent period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Borrower ended on or prior to such time (taken as one accounting period) in respect of which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or Section (b), or (b) until the first date after the Closing Date on which such financial statements have been delivered (or if the Borrower otherwise elects) the most recent period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Borrower ended on or prior to such time (taken as one accounting period) in respect of which financial statements are available (which may be internal financial statements). A Test Period may be designated by reference to the last day thereof (i.e. the ‘December 31st Test Period’ of a particular year refers to the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters of the Borrower ended on December 31st of such year), and a Test Period shall be deemed to end on the last day thereof.

 

Threshold Amount” means the greater of (a) $65,000,000 and (b) 32.5% of TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA.

 

Total Net Leverage Ratio” means, with respect to any Test Period, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Net Debt as of the last day of such Test Period to (b) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA of the Borrower for such Test Period.

 

Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments” means, as of any date of determination, the sum of (a) the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Revolving Loans, other than Revolving Loans made for the purpose of reimbursing the Issuing Banks for any amount drawn under any Letter of Credit, but not yet so applied, and (b) Letter of Credit Usage.

 

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Transaction Expenses” means any fees or expenses incurred or paid by the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with the Transactions, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, including any amortization thereof in any period.

 

Transactions” means, collectively, the closing of this Agreement on the Closing Date and the funding of any Revolving Borrowing on the Initial Extension Date, and the payment of the Transaction Expenses.

 

Treasury Equity Interests” has the meaning specified in Section 7.06(o).

 

TTM Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA” means, as of any date of determination, the Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries, determined on a Pro Forma Basis, for the most recent Test Period.

 

Type” means, with respect to a Loan, its character as a Base Rate Loan or a Benchmark Rate Loan.

 

U.S. Government Securities Business Day” has the meaning set forth in the definition of “Business Day”.

 

U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States Person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code.

 

U.S. Special Resolution Regimes” has the meaning specified in Section 11.26(a).

 

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate” has the meaning specified in Section 3.01(g).

 

Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement excluding the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment with respect thereto.

 

Undisclosed Administration” means, in relation to a Lender or its direct or indirect parent entity, the appointment of an administrator, provisional liquidator, conservator, receiver, trustee, custodian, or other similar official by a supervisory authority or regulator under or based on the law in the country where such Lender or such parent entity is subject to home jurisdiction supervision, if applicable law requires that such appointment not be disclosed.

 

Unfunded Advances/Participations” means (a) with respect to the Administrative Agent, the aggregate amount, if any (i) made available to the Borrower on the assumption that each Lender has made available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of the applicable Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent as contemplated by Section 2.02(b)(ii) and (ii) with respect to which a corresponding amount shall not in fact have been returned to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower or made available to the Administrative Agent by any such Lender and (c) with respect to the Issuing Banks, the aggregate amount, if any, of amounts drawn under Letters of Credit in respect of which a Revolving Lender shall have failed to make amounts available to the applicable Issuing Banks pursuant to Section 2.04(c).

 

Uniform Commercial Code” means the Uniform Commercial Code or any successor provision thereof as the same may from time to time be in effect in the State of New York or the Uniform Commercial Code or any successor provision thereof (or similar code or statute) of another jurisdiction, to the extent it may be required to apply to any item or items of Collateral.

 

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United States” and “U.S.” mean any of the fifty states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia.

 

Unrestricted Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of the Borrower designated by the Board of Directors of the Borrower as an Unrestricted Subsidiary pursuant to Section 6.13 subsequent to the date hereof and each Subsidiary of such Subsidiary, in each case, until such Person ceases to be an Unrestricted Subsidiary of the Borrower in accordance with Section 6.13 or ceases to be a Subsidiary of the Borrower.

 

USA PATRIOT Act” means The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Title III of Public Law No. 107-56 (signed into law October 26, 2001)), as amended or modified from time to time.

 

Wells Fargo” means Wells Fargo Bank, National Association and its successors and assigns.

 

wholly owned” means, with respect to a Subsidiary of a Person, a Subsidiary of such Person all of the outstanding Equity Interests of which (other than (a) director’s qualifying shares and (b) nominal shares issued to foreign nationals to the extent required by applicable Law) are owned by such Person or an Affiliate and/or by one or more wholly owned Subsidiaries of such Person.

 

Withdrawal Liability” means the liability to a Multiemployer Plan as a result of a complete or partial withdrawal from such Multiemployer Plan, as such term is defined in Part I of Subtitle E of Title IV of ERISA.

 

Withholding Agent” means the Borrower, any Guarantor or the Administrative Agent.

 

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that person or any other person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.

 

Section 1.02                Other Interpretive Provisions With reference to this Agreement and each other Loan Document, unless otherwise specified herein or in such other Loan Document:

 

(a)                Singular and Plural. The meanings of defined terms are equally applicable to the singular and plural forms of the defined terms.

 

(b)                Certain Words, Phrases and References. (i) The words “herein,” “hereto,” “hereof” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in any Loan Document shall refer to such Loan Document as a whole and not to any particular provision thereof; (ii) references in this Agreement to an Exhibit, Schedule, Article, Section, clause or sub-clause refer (A) to the appropriate Exhibit or Schedule to, or Article, Section, clause or sub-clause in this Agreement or (B) to the extent such references are not present in this Agreement, to the Loan Document in which such reference appears; (iii) the term “including” is by way of example and not limitation; (iv) the term “documents” includes any and all instruments, documents, agreements, certificates, notices, reports, financial statements and other writings, however evidenced, whether in physical or electronic form; (v) the phrase “permitted by” and the phrase “not prohibited by” shall be synonymous, and any transaction not specifically prohibited by the terms of the Loan Documents shall be deemed to be permitted by the Loan Documents; (vi) the phrase “commercially reasonable efforts” shall not require the payment of a fee or other amount to any third party or the incurrence of any expense or liability by a Loan Party (or Affiliate) outside its ordinary course of its business; (vii) the term “continuing” means, with respect to a Default or Event of Default, that it has not been cured (including by performance) or waived; (viii) the phrase “in good faith” when used with respect to a determination made by a Loan Party shall mean that such determination was made in the prudent exercise of its commercial judgment; (ix) the term “cash” and “currency” shall, in each case, include all fiat and other currencies; (x) the phrases “ordinary course of business” and “consistent with past practice” shall each mean an action that is taken by the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary (or an officer, director or employee of such Person) that is not inconsistent with the manner in which the businesses of the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary has previously been operated or the manner in which the directors or officers of the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary have previously exercised their business judgment or would expect to exercise their business judgment, including in connection with events that are unusual or infrequent in nature, in each case, as determined by the Borrower in good faith; (xi) the phrase “all or substantially all” or any similar phrase when used with reference to any asset, Person, property or obligation (or group of assets, Persons, property or obligations) means all of such asset, Person, property or obligation (or all assets, Persons, properties or obligations in such group, as applicable), excluding not more than a de mimimis amount of such asset(s), Person(s), propert(ies) or obligation(s), as applicable and in each case, as determined in good faith by the Borrower; (xii) “indebtedness in respect of borrowed money,” “indebtedness for borrowed money” and similar phrases shall mean debt in respect of which the primary obligor thereof was entitled to a payment (or entitled to direct a payment) of cash or Cash Equivalents on the date of borrowing thereof by the applicable obligee thereof, and it shall exclude all obligations in respect of leases, purchase price of any property, Guarantees, Hedge Agreements, Equity Interests and other items that are not Indebtedness; and (xiii) in the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including;” the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding;” and the word “through” means “to and including.”

 

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(c)                Section Headings. Section headings herein and in the other Loan Documents are included for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.

 

(d)                Contra Proferentem. The doctrine of contra proferentem shall be inapplicable in the interpretation of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents. Each Loan Document embodies arms’ length negotiations and compromises between the parties, was drafted jointly by the parties, and shall not be construed against any party hereto, or such parties’ successors and assigns, if any, by reason of its preparation or drafting. Each of the parties agrees that drafts of the Loan Documents and modifications reflected in such drafts shall not be utilized in any manner, dispute, or proceeding, including as evidence of any of the parties’ intent or interpretation of the Loan Documents.

 

(e)                Divisions. For all purposes under the Loan Documents, in connection with any division or plan of division under Delaware law (or any comparable event under a different jurisdiction’s laws) (a “Division”), if (a) any asset, right, obligation or liability of any Person becomes the asset, right, obligation or liability of a different Person, then it shall be deemed to have been transferred from the original Person to the subsequent Person pursuant to a permitted Disposition, and (b) any new Person comes into existence, such new Person shall be deemed to have been organized on the first date of its existence by the holders of its Equity Interests at such time.

 

Section 1.03                 Accounting and Finance Terms; Accounting Periods; Determination of Fair Market Value. All accounting terms, financial terms, components of such terms or financial calculations (including any pro forma calculations) not specifically or completely defined herein shall be construed in conformity with GAAP to the extent GAAP defines such term or a component of such term or governs such calculation. To the extent GAAP does not define any such term or a component of any such term or such calculation, such term or calculation shall be interpreted or calculated by the Borrower in good faith. The inclusion of an explanatory or emphasis of matter paragraph shall not result in an audit opinion being qualified. For purposes of calculating any consolidated amounts necessary to determine compliance by any Person and, if applicable, its Restricted Subsidiaries with any ratio or other financial covenant in this Agreement, Unrestricted Subsidiaries shall be excluded. Unless the context indicates otherwise, any reference to a “fiscal year” shall refer to a fiscal year of the Borrower ending on the last Friday of December of each calendar year (with each fiscal year comprised of 52 or 53 weeks, as applicable), and any reference to a “fiscal quarter” shall refer to each fiscal quarter of a fiscal year comprised of 13 consecutive weeks of the Borrower (except that, in the case of a fiscal year comprised of 53 weeks, the fourth fiscal quarter of such fiscal year will be comprised of 14 weeks). All determinations of fair market value under a Loan Document shall be made by the Borrower in good faith and, if such determination is either (a) consistent with a valuation or opinion of an Independent Financial Advisor or (b) pursuant to an officer’s certificate or resolutions of the Board of Directors setting out such fair market value as determined by such Officer or such Board of Directors in good faith, such determination shall be conclusive for all purposes under the Loan Documents or related to the Obligations.

 

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Section 1.04                 Rounding. Any financial ratios required to be satisfied in order for a specific action to be permitted under this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall be calculated by dividing the appropriate component by the other component, carrying the result to one decimal place more than the number of decimal places by which such ratio is expressed herein (the “Applicable Decimal Place”) and rounding the result up or down to the Applicable Decimal Place.

 

Section 1.05                 References to Agreements, Laws, Etc. Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, (a) references to Organization Documents, agreements (including the Loan Documents) and other contractual instruments shall be deemed to include all subsequent amendments, restatements, extensions, supplements and other modifications thereto; and (b) references to any Law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing, supplementing or interpreting such Law.

 

Section 1.06                 Times of Day. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to times of day shall be references to New York City time (daylight or standard, as applicable).

 

Section 1.07                 Available Amount Transactions. If more than one action occurs on any given date the permissibility of the taking of which is determined hereunder by reference to the amount of the Available Amount immediately prior to the taking of such action, the permissibility of the taking of each such action shall be determined independently, but in no event may any two or more such actions be treated as occurring simultaneously, i.e., each transaction must be permitted under the Available Amount as so calculated.

 

Section 1.08                  Pro Forma Calculations; GAAP; Limited Condition Transactions; Basket and Ratio Compliance.

 

(a)                Ratios to be Calculated on a Pro Forma Basis. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein,

 

(i)                 for all purposes under the Loan Documents, the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio, and the Interest Coverage Ratio, and

 

(ii)                 for purposes of identifying “Material Domestic Subsidiaries” and “Material Foreign Subsidiaries,” total assets, consolidated total assets and revenue, shall be calculated and measured in the manner prescribed by this Section 1.08.

 

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(b)                Pro Forma Calculations. (i)When calculating the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio for any purpose, and when calculating total assets, consolidated total assets and revenue for purposes of identifying “Material Domestic Subsidiaries” and “Material Foreign Subsidiaries,” Specified Transactions identified by the Borrower that have been made or consummated or that occurred (i) during the applicable Test Period or (ii) subsequent to such Test Period and prior to or simultaneously with any event for which the calculation of any such ratio is made or the date of such measurement shall be calculated on a pro forma basis assuming that all such Specified Transactions (and any increase or decrease in Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA (including component financial definitions used therein), total assets, consolidated total assets and revenue attributable to any Specified Transaction) had occurred on the first day of the applicable Test Period. If, since the beginning of any applicable Test Period, any Person that subsequently became a Restricted Subsidiary or was merged, amalgamated or consolidated with or into the Borrower or any of its Restricted Subsidiaries since the beginning of such Test Period shall have consummated any Specified Transaction or any Specified Transaction shall have occurred with respect to it, in each case identified by the Borrower, that would have required adjustment pursuant to this Section 1.08, then for the purposes set forth above, the determination of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio, the Interest Coverage Ratio, total assets, consolidated total assets and revenue shall be calculated to give pro forma effect thereto in accordance with this Section 1.08; and

 

(ii)                Whenever pro forma effect is to be given to a Specified Transaction, the pro forma calculations shall be made in good faith by a Responsible Officer and may include, for the avoidance of doubt, the amount of cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, revenue synergies), projected by the Borrower in good faith to be realized as a result of specified actions taken, committed to be taken or expected to be taken (calculated on a pro forma basis as though such cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies had been realized on the first day of such Test Period and as if any such cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies were realized during the entirety of such period) relating to such Specified Transaction, net of the amount of actual benefits realized during such period from such actions (such cost savings, operating expense reductions and synergies, “Specified Transaction Adjustments”); provided that (i) such Specified Transaction Adjustments are reasonably identifiable, quantifiable and factually supportable in the good faith judgment of the Borrower, (ii) such actions are taken, committed to be taken or expected to be taken no later than twenty four months after the date of such Specified Transaction, (iii) no amounts shall be included pursuant to this clause 1.08(b)(ii) to the extent duplicative of any amounts that are otherwise included in calculating Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, whether through a pro forma adjustment or otherwise, with respect to any Test Period and (iv) the aggregate amount of such Specified Transaction Adjustments shall be subject to applicable limitations on Run Rate Savings and the addbacks specified in clause (a)(vii) of the definition of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA.

 

(c)                Effect of Accounting Changes: changes in GAAP. If the Borrower notifies the Administrative Agent that the Borrower requests an amendment to any provision of a Loan Document to eliminate the effect of an Accounting Change on the operation of such provision (or if the Administrative Agent notifies the Borrower that the Required Lenders have requested an amendment to any provision of a Loan Document for such purpose), regardless of whether any such notice is given before or after such Accounting Change, then such provision shall be interpreted on the basis of GAAP as in effect and applied immediately before such change became effective until such notice shall have been withdrawn or such provision has been amended in accordance herewith.

 

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(d)                Incurrences and Repayments of Indebtedness. Subject to the provisions set forth in Section 1.08(e), in the event that the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary incurs (including by assumption or guarantees) or repays (including by redemption, repayment, retirement or extinguishment) any Indebtedness included in the calculations of the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio, as the case may be (in each case, other than Indebtedness incurred or repaid under any revolving credit facility in the ordinary course of business for working capital purposes), (i) during the applicable Test Period or (ii) subsequent to the end of the applicable Test Period and prior to or simultaneously with the event for which the calculation of any such ratio is made, then the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio shall be calculated giving pro forma effect to such incurrence or repayment of Indebtedness, to the extent required, as if the same had occurred on the last day of the applicable Test Period with respect to leverage ratios or the first day of such Test Period with respect to the Interest Coverage Ratio.

 

(e)                Ratio Basket Compliance. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement or any Loan Document to the contrary,

 

(i)                 the Borrower may rely on more than one basket or exception hereunder (including both ratio-based and non-ratio based baskets and exceptions, and including partial reliance on different baskets that, collectively, permit the entire proposed transaction) at the time of any proposed transaction, and the Borrower may, in its sole discretion, at any later time divide, classify or reclassify such transaction (or any portion thereof) in any manner that complies with the available baskets and exceptions hereunder at such later time;

 

(ii)                 unless the Borrower elects otherwise, if a Loan Party or any Restricted Subsidiary, in connection with any transaction or series of such related transactions,

 

(A)                    incurs Indebtedness, creates Liens, makes Dispositions, makes Investments, designates any Subsidiary as restricted or unrestricted, repays Indebtedness, makes a Restricted Payment, consummates any transaction or takes (or refrains from taking) any action, under, as permitted by, or in reliance on a provision of a Loan Document that requires compliance with a financial ratio or any other measurement of financial or operational performance (a “ratio-based basket”), and

 

(B)                    incurs Indebtedness, creates Liens, makes Dispositions, makes Investments, designates any Subsidiary as restricted or unrestricted, repays Indebtedness, makes a Restricted Payment, consummates any transaction or takes (or refrains from taking) any action, under, as permitted by, or in reliance on a provision of a Loan Document that is not a ratio-based basket (a “non ratio-based basket”), which shall occur within five Business Days of the events in clause (A) above,

 

then, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Loan Documents, with respect to any calculation of a financial ratio or other measurement of financial or operational performance (including any such determination on a Pro Forma Basis), such financial ratio or other measurement of financial or operational performance will be calculated without regard to any other action, including actions taken in reliance upon a non-ratio-based basket;

 

(iii)                 if the Borrower or its Restricted Subsidiaries enters into any revolving, delayed draw or other committed debt facility, the Borrower may elect to determine compliance of such debt facility (including the incurrence of Indebtedness and Liens from time to time in connection therewith) with this Agreement and each other Loan Document on the date commitments with respect thereto are first received, assuming the full amount of such facility is incurred (and any applicable Liens are granted) on such date, in which case such committed amount may thereafter be borrowed or reborrowed, in whole or in part, from time to time, without further compliance with the Loan Documents, in lieu of determining such compliance on any subsequent date (including any date on which Indebtedness is incurred pursuant to such facility); provided that, in each case, any future calculation of any such ratio based basket shall only include amounts borrowed and outstanding as of such date of determination; and

 

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(iv)                if the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary incurs Indebtedness under a ratio-based basket, such ratio-based basket (together with any other ratio-based basket utilized in connection therewith, including in respect of other Indebtedness, Liens, Dispositions, Investments, Restricted Payments or payments in respect of Junior Financing) will be calculated excluding the cash proceeds of such Indebtedness for netting purposes (i.e., such cash proceeds shall not reduce the Borrower’s Consolidated Net Debt or Consolidated Secured Net Debt pursuant to clause (b) of the definition of such terms) but including the proceeds of any concurrently drawn revolving credit facilities, provided that the actual application of such proceeds may reduce Indebtedness for purposes of determining compliance with any applicable ratio.

 

(f)                 Limited Condition Transactions. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement or any Loan Document to the contrary, when,

 

(i)                 calculating any applicable ratio in connection with the incurrence of Indebtedness, the creation of Liens, the making of any Disposition, the making of an Investment, the making of a Restricted Payment, the designation of a Subsidiary as restricted or unrestricted, the repayment of Indebtedness or for any other purpose;

 

(ii)                 determining the accuracy of any representation or warranty;

 

(iii)                determining whether any Default or Event of Default has occurred, is continuing or would result from any action (including the consummation of a Limited Condition Transaction); or

 

(iv)                determining compliance with any term or condition set forth in a Loan Document;

 

in each case of clauses (i) through (iv) in connection with a Limited Condition Transaction, the date of determination of such ratio, the accuracy of such representation or warranty (but taking into account any earlier date specified therein), whether any Default or Event of Default has occurred, is continuing or would result therefrom, or such compliance, at the option of the Borrower (the Borrower’s election to exercise such option in connection with any Limited Condition Transaction, an “LCA Election”), shall be deemed to be either (A) the date the definitive agreements for such Limited Condition Transaction are entered into or, if applicable, the date with respect which the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary otherwise becomes obligated to consummate such Limited Condition Transaction (it being agreed that such date shall also be the relevant date to test the permissibility of any transactions to be incurred in connection with or pursuant to such Limited Condition Transaction) or (B) the date with respect to which notice is or is required to be delivered in connection with such Limited Condition Transaction (such applicable date, the “LCA Test Date”); provided that at the time of consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction (other than the Designated Acquisition), no Specified Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing. If, on a Pro Forma Basis after giving effect to such Limited Condition Transaction and the other transactions contemplated at such time to be entered into in connection therewith (including any incurrence of any Indebtedness (including under the Revolving Facility) and the use of proceeds thereof (including to fund a Permitted Acquisition or other Investment) and calculated as if such Limited Condition Transaction or other transactions had occurred at the beginning of the most recent Test Period ending prior to the LCA Test Date for which financial statements are available), the Borrower could have consummated the Limited Condition Transaction and the other transactions to be entered into in connection therewith on the relevant LCA Test Date in compliance with the Loan Documents or without such transactions resulting in a Default or Event of Default, such transactions shall be permitted to be consummated on any subsequent date. For the avoidance of doubt, (i) if any of such ratios, representations and warranties, absence of defaults, satisfaction of conditions precedent or other provisions are exceeded or breached as a result of fluctuations in such ratio (including due to fluctuations in Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA), a change in facts and circumstances or other provisions at or prior to the consummation of the relevant Limited Condition Transaction, such ratios, representations and warranties, absence of defaults, satisfaction of conditions precedent and other provisions will not be deemed to have been exceeded, breached, or otherwise failed as a result of such fluctuations or changed circumstances solely for purposes of determining whether the Limited Condition Transaction and any related transactions is permitted hereunder and (ii) such ratios and compliance with such conditions shall not be tested at the time of consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction or related transactions. If the Borrower has made an LCA Election for any Limited Condition Transaction, then in connection with any subsequent calculation of any ratio or basket availability with respect to any other transaction or otherwise on or following the relevant LCA Test Date and prior to the earlier of the date on which such Limited Condition Transaction is consummated or (if applicable) the date that the definitive agreement for such Limited Condition Transaction is terminated or expires (without consummation of such Limited Condition Transaction), at the Borrower’s election, any such ratio or basket shall be calculated on a Pro Forma Basis assuming such Limited Condition Transaction and other transactions in connection therewith (including any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) have been consummated. For purposes of any calculation pursuant to this clause (f) of the Interest Coverage Ratio, Consolidated Interest Expense may be calculated using an assumed interest rate for the Indebtedness to be incurred in connection with such Limited Condition Transaction based on the indicative interest margin contained in any financing commitment documentation with respect to such Indebtedness or, if no such indicative interest margin exists, as reasonably determined by the Borrower in good faith.

 

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(g)                Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities. All references herein to consolidated financial statements of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries or to the determination of any amount for the Borrower and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis or any similar reference shall, in each case, be deemed to include each variable interest entity that the Borrower is required to consolidate pursuant to FASB ASC 810 as if such variable interest entity were a Subsidiary as defined herein.

 

Section 1.09                 Currency Equivalents Generally.

 

(a)                No Default or Event of Default shall be deemed to have occurred under a Loan Document solely as a result of changes in rates of currency exchange occurring after the time any applicable action (including any incurrence of a Lien or Indebtedness or the making of an Investment) so long as such action (including any incurrence of a Lien or Indebtedness or the making of an Investment) was permitted hereunder when made.

 

(b)                For purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, where the permissibility of a transaction or determinations of required actions or circumstances depend upon compliance with, or are determined by reference to, amounts stated in Dollars, any requisite currency translation (i) with respect to Loans or Commitments, shall be based on the Exchange Rate and (ii) with respect to any other amounts, shall be based on the rate of exchange between the applicable currency and Dollars as reasonably determined by the Borrower, in each case in effect on the Business Day immediately preceding the date of such transaction or determination (subject to clauses (c) and (d) below) and shall not be affected by subsequent fluctuations in exchange rates.

 

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(c)                For purposes of determining compliance with any Dollar-denominated restriction on the incurrence of Indebtedness, the Dollar-equivalent principal amount of Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency shall be calculated based on the Exchange Rate in effect on the date such Indebtedness was incurred, in the case of term debt, or first committed, in the case of revolving credit debt (or, in the case of an LCA Election, on the date of the applicable LCA Test Date); provided that, if such Indebtedness is incurred to refinance other Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency, and such refinancing would cause the applicable Dollar-denominated restriction to be exceeded if calculated at the Exchange Rate in effect on the date of such refinancing, such Dollar-denominated restriction shall be deemed not to have been exceeded so long as the principal amount of such Indebtedness so refinanced does not exceed the principal amount of such Indebtedness being refinanced. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the principal amount of any Indebtedness incurred to refinance other Indebtedness, if incurred in a different currency from the Indebtedness being refinanced, shall be calculated based on the Exchange Rate that is in effect on the date of such refinancing.

 

(d)                For purposes of determining the Secured Net Leverage Ratio, the Total Net Leverage Ratio and the Interest Coverage Ratio, including Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA when calculating such ratios, all amounts denominated in a currency other than Dollars will be converted to Dollars for any purpose (including testing the any financial maintenance covenant) at the effective rate of exchange in respect thereof reflected in the consolidated financial statements of the Borrower for the applicable Test Period for which such measurement is being made, and will reflect the currency translation effects, determined in accordance with GAAP, of Hedge Agreements permitted hereunder for currency exchange risks with respect to the applicable currency in effect on the date of determination of the Dollar equivalent of such Indebtedness.

 

Section 1.10                 [Reserved].

 

Section 1.11                Cashless Rollovers; Permitted Debt Exchanges. Notwithstanding anything herein or in any other Loan Document to the contrary, (a) to the extent that any Lender extends the maturity date of, or refinances, refunds, replaces, renews or extends, any of its then existing Loans with any other Indebtedness (including loans incurred under any other Facility), to the extent such refinancing, Indebtedness, replacement, renewal or extension is effected by means of a “cashless roll” by such Lender (a “Cashless Rollover”), such refinancing, refunding, replacement, renewal or extension shall be deemed to comply with any requirement hereunder or any other Loan Document that there be a payment be made “in Dollars”, “in immediately available funds”, “in Cash” or any other similar requirement and shall be permitted by the Loan Documents provided only that such other Indebtedness (including any loans incurred under any other Facility) is permitted to be incurred by the Loan Documents, and (b) pursuant to one or more offers made from time to time by the Borrower, the Borrower may consummate one or more exchanges of Loans for other Indebtedness (including secured or unsecured notes), Equity Interests or other assets (each such exchange a “Permitted Debt Exchange”) with any Lender and such Permitted Debt Exchange shall be deemed to comply with any requirement hereunder or any other Loan Document provided only that such other Indebtedness or Equity Interests are permitted to be issued and/or incurred, as applicable, by the Loan Documents. Cashless Rollovers and Permitted Debt Exchanges shall not constitute a voluntary or mandatory payment or prepayment of any Loans and may be effected pursuant to such procedures, conditions and qualifications as the Borrower may require.

 

Article II.


The Commitments and Borrowings

 

Section 2.01                 [Reserved].

 

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Section 2.02                 Revolving Loans.

 

(a)                Revolving Loan Commitment. During the Revolving Commitment Period, subject to the terms and conditions hereof, each Lender severally agrees to make revolving loans to the Borrower from time to time on any Business Day in Dollars (“Revolving Loans”) in an aggregate amount up to but not exceeding such Lender’s Revolving Commitment; provided that after giving effect to the making of any Revolving Loans in no event shall the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments exceed the Revolving Commitments then in effect. Amounts borrowed pursuant to this Section 2.02(a) may be repaid and reborrowed during the Revolving Commitment Period. Each Lender’s Revolving Commitment shall expire on the Revolving Commitment Termination Date, and all Revolving Loans and all other amounts owed hereunder with respect to the Revolving Loans and the Revolving Commitments shall be paid in full no later than such date.

 

(b)                Borrowing Mechanics for Revolving Loans.

 

(i)                 Subject to Section 4.01(a)(i) in the case of Borrowings of Revolving Loans on the Closing Date and Section 4.02(c) in the case of each other Borrowing of Revolving Loans, each Borrowing of Revolving Loans shall be made upon the Borrower’s irrevocable notice to the Administrative Agent, which may only be given in writing. Each such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than (A) 1:00 p.m. three Business Days prior to the requested date of any Borrowing of Benchmark Rate Loans, and (B) 12:00 noon on the requested date of any Borrowing of Base Rate Loans. Each notice by the Borrower pursuant to this Section 2.02(b) must be delivered to the Administrative Agent in the form of a Committed Loan Notice, appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower. Each Borrowing of Benchmark Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof in the case of Benchmark Rate Loans. Each Borrowing of Base Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof. Each Committed Loan Notice shall specify (1) the requested date of the Borrowing (which shall be a Business Day), (2) the principal amount of Revolving Loans to be borrowed, (3) the Type of Revolving Loans to be borrowed and (4) if applicable, the duration of the Interest Period with respect thereto. If the Borrower fails to specify a Type of Revolving Loan in a Committed Loan Notice, then in the case of Revolving Loans, the applicable Revolving Loans shall be made as Base Rate Loans. If the Borrower requests a Borrowing of Benchmark Rate Loans in any such Committed Loan Notice, but fails to specify an Interest Period for such Benchmark Rate Loans, the Borrower will be deemed to have specified an Interest Period of one month.

 

(ii)                 Following receipt of a Committed Loan Notice, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Lender of the amount of its Pro Rata Share of the applicable Revolving Loans. In the case of each Borrowing, each Appropriate Lender shall make the amount of its Revolving Loan available to the Administrative Agent in Same Day Funds at the Administrative Agent’s Office not later than 1:00 p.m., on the Business Day specified in the applicable Committed Loan Notice. Upon satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.02 (or if such Borrowing is on the Closing Date, Section 4.01), the Administrative Agent shall make all funds so received available to the Borrower in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent either by (A) crediting the account of the Borrower on the books of the Administrative Agent with the amount of such funds or (B) wire transfer of such funds, in each case in accordance with instructions provided to (and reasonably acceptable to) the Administrative Agent by the Borrower; provided however, that if, on the date the Committed Loan Notice with respect to such Borrowing is given by the Borrower, there are Reimbursement Obligations outstanding, then the proceeds of such Borrowing shall be applied, first, to the payment in full of any such Reimbursement Obligations and second, to the Borrower as provided above.

 

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(iii)                 The failure of any Lender to make the Revolving Loan to be made by it as part of any Borrowing shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligation, if any, hereunder to make its Revolving Loan on the date of such Borrowing, but no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to make the Revolving Loan to be made by such other Lender on the date of any Borrowing.

 

Section 2.03                 [Reserved].

 

Section 2.04                 Issuance of Letters of Credit and Purchase of Participations Therein.

 

(a)                Letter of Credit Commitment.

 

(i)                 Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, (A) each Issuing Bank agrees, in reliance upon the agreements of the Revolving Lenders set forth in this Section 2.04, (1) from time to time on any Business Day during the Revolving Commitment Period on or prior to the fifth Business Day prior to the Revolving Commitment Termination Date, to issue Letters of Credit for the account of the Borrower, subject to satisfactory receipt of such information and documentation reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent or any Lender in order to comply with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the USA PATRIOT Act, or a Restricted Subsidiary (provided that any Letter of Credit issued for the benefit of any Restricted Subsidiary shall be issued for the account of the Borrower) and to amend, renew or extend Letters of Credit previously issued by it, in accordance with Section 2.04(b) and (2) to honor drawings under the Letters of Credit; and (B) the Revolving Lenders severally agree to participate in such Letters of Credit and any drawings thereunder; provided that the Issuing Banks shall not be obligated to make any Letter of Credit Extension if, as of the date of such Letter of Credit Extension, (1) the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments would exceed the Revolving Commitments, (2) the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments of any Revolving Lender, would exceed such Lender’s Revolving Commitment, (3) the Letter of Credit Usage would exceed the Letter of Credit Sublimit or (4) the Letter of Credit Usage with respect to Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank would exceed the amount of such Issuing Bank’s Letter of Credit Percentage of the Letter of Credit Sublimit. Within the foregoing limits, and subject to the terms and conditions hereof, the Borrower’s ability to obtain Letters of Credit shall be fully revolving, and accordingly the Borrower may, during the foregoing period, (i) obtain Letters of Credit on the Closing Date for purposes of replacing or backstopping letters of credit (or similar obligations) outstanding on such date and (ii) obtain Letters of Credit to replace Letters of Credit that have expired or that have been drawn upon and reimbursed.

 

(ii)                 An Issuing Bank shall not be under any obligation to issue any Letter of Credit if:

 

(A)                  any order, judgment or decree of any Governmental Authority or arbitrator shall by its terms purport to enjoin or restrain such Issuing Bank from issuing such Letter of Credit, or any Law applicable to such Issuing Bank or any request or directive (whether or not having the force of law) from any Governmental Authority with jurisdiction over such Issuing Bank shall prohibit, or request that such Issuing Bank refrain from, the issuance of letters of credit generally or such Letter of Credit in particular or shall impose upon such Issuing Bank with respect to such Letter of Credit any restriction, reserve or capital requirement (for which such Issuing Bank is not otherwise compensated hereunder) not in effect on the Closing Date, or shall impose upon such Issuing Bank any unreimbursed loss, cost or expense which was not applicable on the Closing Date and which such Issuing Bank in good faith deems material to it (for which such Issuing Bank is not otherwise compensated hereunder);

 

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(B)                    the issuance of such Letter of Credit would violate one or more policies of such Issuing Bank applicable to letters of credit generally;

 

(C)                    such Letter of Credit contains any provisions for automatic reinstatement of the stated amount after any drawing thereunder; or

 

(D)                    any Revolving Lender is at such time a Defaulting Lender, unless such Issuing Bank has entered into arrangements, including reallocation of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the outstanding Letter of Credit Obligations pursuant to Section 2.19(a)(iii) or the delivery of Cash Collateral, satisfactory to such Issuing Bank (in its sole discretion) with the Borrower or such Lender to eliminate such Issuing Bank’s actual or potential Fronting Exposure (after giving effect to Section 2.19(a)(iii)) with respect to such Lender arising from either the Letter of Credit then proposed to be issued or such Letter of Credit and all other Letter of Credit Obligations as to which such Issuing Bank has actual or potential Fronting Exposure, as it may elect in its sole discretion.

 

(iii)                No Issuing Bank shall be under any obligation to amend or extend any Letter of Credit if (A) such Issuing Bank would have no obligation at such time to issue the Letter of Credit in its amended form under the terms hereof or (B) the beneficiary of such Letter of Credit does not accept the proposed amendment thereto.

 

(iv)                Unless Cash Collateralized or backstopped pursuant to arrangements reasonably acceptable to the applicable Issuing Bank, each standby Letter of Credit shall expire at or prior to the close of business on the earlier of (A) the date twelve months after the date of issuance of such Letter of Credit (or, in the case of any Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit, twelve months after the then current expiration date of such Letter of Credit) and (B) the Letter of Credit Expiration Date (unless arrangements reasonably satisfactory to the Issuing Banks have been entered into); provided, that any Letter of Credit that is set to expire after the Maturity Date (whether on the date of issuance or upon renewal) shall be Cash Collateralized or backstopped pursuant to arrangements reasonably acceptable to the applicable Issuing Bank on such date of issuance or renewal.

 

(b)                Procedures for Issuance and Amendment of Letters of Credit; Auto Renewal Letters of Credit.

 

(i)                  Each Letter of Credit shall be issued or amended, as the case may be, upon the request of the Borrower delivered to the applicable Issuing Bank (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) in the form of a Letter of Credit Application, appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower. Such Letter of Credit Application must be received by the applicable Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent not later than 2:00 p.m. at least five Business Days (or such shorter period as the applicable Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent may agree in a particular instance in their sole discretion) prior to the proposed issuance date or date of amendment, as the case may be. In the case of a request for an initial issuance of a Letter of Credit, such Letter of Credit Application shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the applicable Issuing Bank (A) the proposed issuance date of the requested Letter of Credit (which shall be a Business Day); (B) the amount thereof; (C) the expiry date thereof; (D) the name and address of the beneficiary thereof; (E) the documents to be presented by such beneficiary in case of any drawing thereunder; (F) the full text of any certificate to be presented by such beneficiary in case of any drawing thereunder; (G) the currency in which the requested Letter of Credit will be denominated; and (H) such other matters as the applicable Issuing Bank may reasonably request. In the case of a request for an amendment of any outstanding Letter of Credit, the Letter of Credit Application shall specify in form and detail reasonably satisfactory to the applicable Issuing Bank (1) the Letter of Credit to be amended; (2) the proposed date of amendment thereof (which shall be a Business Day); and (3) the nature of the proposed amendment. Additionally, the Borrower shall furnish to the applicable Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent such other documents and information pertaining to such requested Letter of Credit issuance or amendment, including any Letter of Credit Documents, as the applicable Issuing Bank or the Administrative Agent may reasonably require.

 

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(ii)                 Promptly after receipt of any Letter of Credit Application, the applicable Issuing Bank will confirm with the Administrative Agent that the Administrative Agent has received a copy of such Letter of Credit Application from the Borrower and, if not, the applicable Issuing Bank will provide the Administrative Agent with a copy thereof. Upon receipt by the applicable Issuing Bank of confirmation from the Administrative Agent that the requested issuance or amendment is permitted in accordance with the terms hereof, then, subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, such Issuing Bank shall, on the requested date, issue a Letter of Credit for the account of the Borrower or enter into the applicable amendment, as the case may be. Immediately upon the issuance of each Letter of Credit, each Revolving Lender shall be deemed to, and hereby irrevocably and unconditionally agrees to, purchase from the applicable Issuing Bank a participation in such Letter of Credit in an amount equal to the Dollar Amount of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of the amount of such Letter of Credit.

 

(iii)                If the Borrower so requests in any applicable Letter of Credit Application for a standby Letter of Credit, the applicable Issuing Bank may, in its reasonable discretion, agree to issue a standby Letter of Credit that has automatic renewal provisions (each, an “Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit”); provided that any such Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit shall permit such Issuing Bank to prevent any such renewal at least once in each twelve-month period (commencing with the date of issuance of such Letter of Credit) by giving prior notice to the beneficiary thereof not later than a day (the “Nonrenewal Notice Date”) in each such twelve-month period to be agreed upon at the time such Letter of Credit is issued. Unless otherwise directed by the applicable Issuing Bank, the Borrower shall not be required to make a specific request to such Issuing Bank for any such renewal. Once an Auto-Renewal Letter of Credit has been issued, the Revolving Lenders shall be deemed to have authorized (but may not require) the applicable Issuing Bank to permit the renewal of such Letter of Credit at any time to an expiry date not later than the Letter of Credit Expiration Date; provided however, that no Issuing Bank shall (A) permit any such renewal if (1) such Issuing Bank has determined that it would not be permitted at such time to issue such Letter of Credit in its renewed form under the terms hereof (by reason of the provisions of clause (ii) or (iii) of Section 2.04(a) or otherwise) or (2) it has received written notice on or before the day that is seven Business Days before the Nonrenewal Notice Date from the Administrative Agent that the Required Revolving Lenders have elected not to permit such renewal or (B) be obligated to permit such renewal if it has received written notice on or before the day that is seven Business Days before the Nonrenewal Notice Date from the Administrative Agent, any Revolving Lender or the Borrower that one or more of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.02 is not then satisfied, and in each such case directing the applicable Issuing Bank not to permit such renewal.

 

(iv)                Promptly after its delivery of any Letter of Credit or any amendment to a Letter of Credit to an advising bank with respect thereto or to the beneficiary thereof, the applicable Issuing Bank will also deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent a true, complete and non-negotiable copy of such Letter of Credit or amendment.

 

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(c)                Drawings and Reimbursement; Funding of Participations.

 

(i)                 Upon receipt from the beneficiary of any Letter of Credit of any notice of a drawing under such Letter of Credit, the applicable Issuing Bank shall notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent thereof, and such Issuing Bank shall, within a reasonable time following its receipt thereof, examine all documents purporting to represent a demand for payment under such Letter of Credit. If an Issuing Bank notifies the Borrower of any payment by such Issuing Bank under a Letter of Credit, then the Borrower shall reimburse such Issuing Bank in an amount equal to the amount of such drawing not later than 12:00 p.m. on the next succeeding Business Day. If the Borrower fails to so reimburse such Issuing Bank by such time, such Issuing Bank shall promptly notify the Administrative Agent of such failure and the Administrative Agent shall promptly thereafter notify each Revolving Lender of such payment date, the amount of the unreimbursed drawing (the “Reimbursement Obligations”) and the Dollar Amount of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share thereof. In such event, the Borrower shall be deemed to have requested a Revolving Loan Borrowing of Base Rate Loans to be disbursed on such date in a Dollar Amount equal to such Reimbursement Obligation, without regard to the minimum and multiples specified in Section 2.02(b) for the principal amount of Base Rate Loans to be disbursed on such date in an amount equal to the Dollar Amount of such Reimbursement Obligation. Any notice given by an Issuing Bank or the Administrative Agent pursuant to this clause (i) shall be given in writing.

 

(ii)                 Each Revolving Lender (including each Revolving Lender acting as an Issuing Bank) shall upon any notice pursuant to Section 2.04(c)(i) make funds available (and the Administrative Agent may apply Cash Collateral provided for this purpose) for the account of the applicable Issuing Bank, in Dollars, at the Administrative Agent’s Office in an amount equal to the Dollar Amount of its Pro Rata Share of the relevant Reimbursement Obligation not later than 3:00 p.m. on the Business Day specified in such notice by the Administrative Agent, whereupon, subject to the provisions of Section 2.04(c)(iii), each Revolving Lender that so makes funds available shall be deemed to have made a Revolving Loan that is in the case of a Letters of Credit denominated in Dollars, a Base Rate Loan to the Borrower in such amount. The Administrative Agent shall remit the funds so received to the applicable Issuing Bank in accordance with the instructions provided to the Administrative Agent by such Issuing Bank (which instructions may include standing payment instructions, which may be updated from time to time by such Issuing Bank; provided that, unless the Administrative Agent shall otherwise agree, any such update shall not take effect until the Business Day immediately following the date on which such update is provided to the Administrative Agent).

 

(iii)                With respect to any Reimbursement Obligation that is not fully refinanced by a Revolving Loan Borrowing of Base Rate Loans for Letters of Credit denominated in Dollars because the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 cannot be satisfied or for any other reason, the Borrower shall be deemed to have incurred from the applicable Issuing Bank a Letter of Credit Borrowing in the Dollar Amount of the Reimbursement Obligation that is not so refinanced. In such event, each Revolving Lender’s payment to the Administrative Agent for the account of such Issuing Bank pursuant to Section 2.04(c)(i) shall be deemed payment in respect of its participation in such Letter of Credit Borrowing and shall constitute a Letter of Credit Advance from such Lender in satisfaction of its participation obligation under this Section.

 

(iv)                 Until each Revolving Lender funds its Revolving Loan or Letter of Credit Advance to reimburse the applicable Issuing Bank for any amount drawn under any Letter of Credit, interest in respect of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of such amount shall be solely for the account of such Issuing Bank.

 

(v)                Each Revolving Lender’s obligations to make Revolving Loans or Letter of Credit Advances to reimburse an Issuing Bank for amounts drawn under Letters of Credit, as contemplated by this Section 2.04(c), shall be absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance, including (A) any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, defense or other right which such Lender may have against such Issuing Bank, the Borrower or any other Person for any reason whatsoever; (B) the occurrence or continuance of a Default; or (C) any other occurrence, event or condition, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing; provided that each Revolving Lender’s obligation to make Revolving Loans pursuant to this paragraph (c) is subject to the conditions set forth in Section 4.02. No such funding of a participation in any Letter of Credit shall relieve or otherwise impair the obligation of the Borrower to reimburse an Issuing Bank for the amount of any payment made by such Issuing Bank under such Letter of Credit, together with interest as provided herein.

 

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(vi)                If any Revolving Lender fails to make available to the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable Issuing Bank any amount required to be paid by such Lender pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this paragraph (c) by the time specified in Section 2.04(c)(ii), then, without limiting the other provisions of this Agreement, such Issuing Bank shall be entitled to recover from such Lender (acting through the Administrative Agent), on demand, such amount with interest thereon for the period from the date such payment is required to the date on which such payment is immediately available to such Issuing Bank at a rate per annum equal to the greater of the Federal Funds Rate from time to time in effect and a rate determined by such Issuing Bank in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, plus any reasonable administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by such Issuing Bank in connection with the foregoing. If such Lender pays such amount (with interest and fees as aforesaid), the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s Revolving Loan included in the relevant Borrowing or Letter of Credit Advance in respect of the relevant Letter of Credit Borrowing, as the case may be. A certificate of the applicable Issuing Bank submitted to any Revolving Lender (through the Administrative Agent) with respect to any amounts owing under this clause (vi) shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

 

(d)                Repayment of Participations.

 

(i)                 If, at any time after the applicable Issuing Bank has made payment in respect of any drawing under any Letter of Credit issued by it and has received from any Revolving Lender its Letter of Credit Advance in respect of such payment in accordance with Section 2.04(c), if the Administrative Agent receives for the account of such Issuing Bank any payment in respect of the related Reimbursement Obligation, the Administrative Agent will distribute to such Lender its Pro Rata Share thereof (appropriately adjusted, in the case of interest payments, to reflect the period of time during which such Lender’s Letter of Credit Advance was outstanding) in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent.

 

(ii)                 If any payment received by the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable Issuing Bank pursuant to Section 2.04(c)(i) is required to be returned under any of the circumstances described in Section 11.06 (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by such Issuing Bank in its discretion), each Revolving Lender shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of such Issuing Bank its Pro Rata Share thereof on demand of the Administrative Agent,  plus interest thereon from the date of such demand to the date such amount is returned by such Lender at a rate per annum equal to the Federal Funds Rate from time to time in effect. The obligations of the Revolving Lenders under this clause (ii) shall survive the payment in full of the Obligations and the termination of this Agreement.

 

(e)                Obligations Absolute. The obligation of the Borrower to reimburse the Issuing Banks for each drawing under each Letter of Credit and to repay each Letter of Credit Borrowing shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable, and shall be paid strictly in accordance with the terms of this Agreement under all circumstances, including the following:

 

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(i)                 any lack of validity or enforceability of such Letter of Credit or any term or provision thereof, any Loan Document, or any other agreement or instrument relating thereto;

 

(ii)                 the existence of any claim, counterclaim, setoff, defense or other right that the Borrower may have at any time against any beneficiary or any transferee of such Letter of Credit (or any Person for whom any such beneficiary or any such transferee may be acting), the Issuing Banks or any other Person, whether in connection with this Agreement, the transactions contemplated hereby or by such Letter of Credit or any agreement or instrument relating thereto, or any unrelated transaction;

 

(iii)                any draft, demand, certificate or other document presented under such Letter of Credit proving to be forged, fraudulent, invalid or insufficient in any respect or any statement therein being untrue or inaccurate in any respect; or any loss or delay in the transmission or otherwise of any document required in order to make a drawing under such Letter of Credit;

 

(iv)                any payment by an Issuing Bank under such Letter of Credit against presentation of documents that do not comply strictly with the terms of such Letter of Credit; or any payment made by an Issuing Bank under such Letter of Credit to any Person purporting to be a trustee in bankruptcy, debtor in possession, assignee for the benefit of creditors, liquidator, receiver or other representative of or successor to any beneficiary or any transferee of such Letter of Credit, including arising in connection with any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law;

 

(v)                any exchange, release or non-perfection of any collateral, or any release or amendment or waiver of or consent to departure from any guarantee, for all or any of the Obligations of the Borrower in respect of such Letter of Credit; or

 

(vi)                any other circumstance or happening whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing, including any other circumstance that might otherwise constitute a defense available to, or a discharge of, the Borrower.

 

The Borrower shall promptly examine a copy of each Letter of Credit and each amendment thereto that is delivered to it and, in the event of any claim of noncompliance with the Borrower’s instructions or other irregularity, the Borrower will promptly notify the applicable Issuing Bank. The Borrower shall be conclusively deemed to have waived any such claim against any Issuing Bank and its correspondents unless such notice is given as aforesaid.

 

(f)                 Role of Issuing Banks. Each Revolving Lender and the Borrower agrees that, in paying any drawing under a Letter of Credit, the Issuing Banks shall not have any responsibility to obtain any document (other than any sight draft, certificates and documents expressly required by such Letter of Credit) or to ascertain or inquire as to the validity or accuracy of any document or the authority of the Person executing or delivering any document. None of any Issuing Bank, any Agent-Related Person nor any of the respective correspondents, participants or assignees of any Issuing Bank shall be liable to any Revolving Lender for (i) any action taken or omitted in connection herewith at the request or with the approval of the requisite Revolving Lenders; (ii) any action taken or omitted in the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct; or (iii) the due execution, effectiveness, validity or enforceability of any document or instrument related to any Letter of Credit or Letter of Credit Application. The Borrower hereby assumes all risks of the acts of omissions of any beneficiary or transferee with respect to its use of any Letter of Credit; provided that this assumption is not intended to, and shall not, preclude the Borrower from pursuing such rights and remedies as it may have against the beneficiary or transferee at law or under any other agreement. None of the Issuing Banks, any Agent-Related Person nor any of the respective correspondents, participants or assignees of the Issuing Banks shall be liable or responsible for any of the matters described in Section 2.04(e); provided that, notwithstanding anything in such clauses to the contrary, the Borrower may have a claim against an Issuing Bank, and an Issuing Bank may be liable to the Borrower, to the extent, but only to the extent, of any direct (as opposed to indirect, special, punitive, consequential or exemplary) damages suffered by the Borrower which a court of competent jurisdiction determines in a final non-appealable judgment were caused by such Issuing Bank’s gross negligence or willful misconduct or such Issuing Bank’s willful or grossly negligent failure to pay under any Letter of Credit after the presentation to it by the beneficiary of a document(s) strictly complying with the terms and conditions of a Letter of Credit. In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, the applicable Issuing Bank may accept documents that appear on their face to be in order, without responsibility for further investigation, regardless of any notice or information to the contrary, and the Issuing Banks shall not be responsible for the validity or sufficiency of any instrument transferring or assigning or purporting to transfer or assign a Letter of Credit or the rights or benefits thereunder or proceeds thereof, in whole or in part, which may prove to be invalid or ineffective for any reason. The Issuing Banks may send a Letter of Credit or conduct any communication to or from the beneficiary via the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) message or overnight courier, or any other commercially reasonable means of communication with a beneficiary.

 

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(g)                Applicability of ISP. Unless otherwise expressly agreed by the applicable Issuing Bank and the Borrower when a standby Letter of Credit is issued, the rules of the ‘International Standby Practices 1998’ published by the International Chamber of Commerce Publication 590 (or such later version thereof as may be in effect at the time of issuance) shall apply to such standby Letter of Credit.

 

(h)                Conflict with Letter of Credit Application. In the event of any conflict between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of any Letter of Credit Application, the terms hereof shall control.

 

(i)                 Reporting. No later than the third Business Day following the last day of each month (or at such other intervals as the Administrative Agent and the applicable Issuing Bank shall agree), the applicable Issuing Bank shall provide to the Administrative Agent a schedule of the Letters of Credit issued by it, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, showing the date of issuance of each Letter of Credit, the account party, the original face amount (if any), the expiration date, and the reference number of any Letter of Credit outstanding at any time during such month, and showing the aggregate amount (if any) payable by the Borrower to such Issuing Bank during such month.

 

(j)                 Resignation and Removal of an Issuing Bank. Any Issuing Bank may resign as an Issuing Bank upon sixty days’ prior written notice to the Administrative Agent, the Lenders and the Borrower. Any Issuing Bank may be replaced at any time by written agreement among the Borrower, the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Bank being replaced (provided that no consent will be required if the Issuing Bank being replaced has no Letters of Credit or Reimbursement Obligations with respect thereto outstanding) and the successor Issuing Bank. The Administrative Agent shall notify the Lenders of any such replacement of an Issuing Bank. At the time any such replacement or resignation shall become effective, the Borrower shall pay all unpaid fees accrued for the account of the replaced Issuing Bank. From and after the effective date of any such replacement or resignation, (i) any successor Issuing Bank shall have all the rights and obligations of an Issuing Bank under this Agreement with respect to Letters of Credit to be issued thereafter and (ii) references herein to the term “Issuing Bank” shall be deemed to refer to such successor or to any previous Issuing Bank, or to such successor and all previous Issuing Banks, as the context shall require. After the replacement or resignation of an Issuing Bank hereunder, the replaced or resigning Issuing Bank shall remain a party hereto to the extent that Letters of Credit issued by it remain outstanding and shall continue to have all the rights and obligations of an Issuing Bank under this Agreement with respect to Letters of Credit issued by it prior to such replacement or resignation, but shall not be required to issue additional Letters of Credit.

 

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(k)                Cash Collateral Account. At any time and from time to time after the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, the Administrative Agent, at the direction or with the consent of the Required Lenders, may require the Borrower, to deliver to the Administrative Agent such Dollar Amount of cash as is equal to 103% of the aggregate Stated Amount of all Letters of Credit at any time outstanding (whether or not any beneficiary under any Letter of Credit shall have drawn or be entitled at such time to draw thereunder), such amounts to be held by the Administrative Agent in a Cash Collateral Account. The Borrower hereby grants (or, if registration thereof is required in any applicable jurisdiction, shall grant) to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Issuing Banks and the Revolving Lenders, a Lien upon and security interest in the Cash Collateral Account and all amounts held therein from time to time as security for Letter of Credit Usage, and for application to the Borrower’s Letter of Credit Obligations as and when the same shall arise. The Administrative Agent shall have exclusive dominion and control, including the exclusive right of withdrawal, over such account. Other than any interest on the investment of such amounts in Cash Equivalents, which investments shall be made at the direction of the Borrower (unless an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, in which case the determination as to investments shall be made at the option and in the discretion of the Administrative Agent), amounts in the Cash Collateral Account shall not bear interest. Interest and profits, if any, on such investments shall accumulate in such account. In the event of a drawing, and subsequent payment by the applicable Issuing Bank, under any Letter of Credit at any time during which any amounts are held in the Cash Collateral Account, the Administrative Agent will deliver to such Issuing Bank an amount equal to the Reimbursement Obligation created as a result of such payment (or, if the amounts so held are less than such Reimbursement Obligation, all of such amounts) to reimburse such Issuing Bank therefor. Any amounts remaining in the Cash Collateral Account after the expiration of all Letters of Credit and reimbursement in full of each Issuing Bank for all of its obligations thereunder shall be held by the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Borrower, to be applied against the Obligations in such order and manner as the Administrative Agent may direct. If the Borrower is required to provide Cash Collateral pursuant to this Section 2.04(k), such amount (to the extent not applied as aforesaid) shall be returned to the Borrower on demand, provided that after giving effect to such return (A) the sum of (1) the aggregate principal dollar amount of all Revolving Loans outstanding at such time and (2) the aggregate Letter of Credit Usage at such time would not exceed the aggregate Revolving Commitments at such time and (B) no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at such time. If the Borrower is required to provide Cash Collateral as a result of an Event of Default, such amount (to the extent not applied as aforesaid) shall be returned to the Borrower within three Business Days after all Events of Default have been cured or waived.

 

(l)                 Addition of an Issuing Bank. One or more Revolving Lenders (other than a Defaulting Lender) selected by the Borrower that agrees to act in such capacity and reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent may become an additional Issuing Bank hereunder pursuant to a written agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent among the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and such Revolving Lender. The Administrative Agent shall notify the Revolving Lenders of any such additional Issuing Bank.

 

Section 2.05                 Conversion/Continuation.

 

(a)                Each conversion of Loans from one Type to another, and each continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans shall be made upon the Borrower’s irrevocable notice to the Administrative Agent, which may only be given in writing. Each such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 1:00 p.m. on the requested date of any conversion of Benchmark Rate Loans to Base Rate Loans and not later than 2:00 p.m. three Business Days prior to the requested date of continuation of any Benchmark Rate Loans or any conversion of Base Rate Loans to Benchmark Rate Loans. Each notice by the Borrower pursuant to this Section 2.05(a) must be delivered to the Administrative Agent in the form of a Conversion/Continuation Notice, appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower. Each conversion to or continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof. Each conversion to Base Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof. Each Conversion/Continuation Notice shall specify (i) whether the Borrower is requesting a conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, or a continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans, (ii) the requested date of the conversion or continuation, as the case may be (which shall be a Business Day), (iii) the principal amount of Loans to be converted or continued, (iv) the Class of Loans to be converted or continued, (v) the Type of Loans to which such existing Loans are to be converted, if applicable, and (vi) if applicable, the duration of the Interest Period with respect thereto. If with respect to any Benchmark Rate Loans, the Borrower fails to give a timely notice requesting a conversion or continuation, then the applicable Loans shall be converted to Base Rate Loans. Any such automatic conversion or continuation pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence shall be effective as of the last day of the Interest Period then in effect with respect to the applicable Benchmark Rate Loans. If the Borrower requests a conversion to, or continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans in any such Conversion/Continuation Notice, but fails to specify an Interest Period, it will be deemed to have specified an Interest Period of one month.

 

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(b)                Following receipt of a Conversion/Continuation Notice, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each applicable Lender of its Pro Rata Share of the applicable Class of Loans, and if no timely notice of a conversion or continuation is provided by the Borrower, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Lender of the details of any automatic conversion to Base Rate Loans or continuation of Loans described in Section 2.05(a).

 

(c)                Except as otherwise provided herein, a Benchmark Rate Loan may be continued or converted only on the last day of an Interest Period for such Benchmark Rate Loan. Upon the occurrence and during the continuation of an Event of Default, the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders may require by notice to the Borrower that no Loans denominated in Dollars may be converted to or continued as Benchmark Rate Loans.

 

Section 2.06                 Availability.

 

(a)                Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from a Lender prior to the date of any Borrowing that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of such Borrowing, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender has made such Pro Rata Share available to the Administrative Agent on the date of such Borrowing, and the Administrative Agent may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the Borrower on such date a corresponding amount. If the Administrative Agent shall have so made funds available, then, to the extent that such Lender shall not have made such portion available to the Administrative Agent, each of such Lender and the Borrower severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand such corresponding amount together with interest thereon, for each day from the date such amount is made available to the Borrower until the date such amount is repaid to the Administrative Agent at (a) in the case of the Borrower, the interest rate applicable at the time to the applicable Loans comprising such Borrowing and (b) in the case of such Lender, the Overnight Rate plus any administrative, processing, or similar fees customarily charged by the Administrative Agent in accordance with the foregoing. A certificate of the Administrative Agent submitted to any Lender with respect to any amounts owing under this Section 2.06 shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. If the Borrower and such Lender shall pay such interest to the Administrative Agent for the same or an overlapping period, the Administrative Agent shall promptly remit to the Borrower the amount of such interest paid by the Borrower for such period. If such Lender pays its share of the applicable Borrowing to the Administrative Agent, then the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s applicable Loan included in such Borrowing. Any payment by the Borrower shall be without prejudice to any claim the Borrower may have against a Lender that shall have failed to make such payment to the Administrative Agent. A notice of the Administrative Agent to any Lender or the Borrower with respect to any amount owing under this Section 2.06 shall be conclusive, absent manifest error.

 

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Section 2.07                 Prepayments.

 

(a)                Optional.

 

(i)                 The Borrower may, upon notice to the Administrative Agent in the form of a Prepayment Notice, at any time or from time to time, voluntarily prepay Loans in whole or in part without premium or penalty; provided that:

 

(A)                   such Prepayment Notice must be received by the Administrative Agent (1) not later than 1:00 p.m. three Business Days prior to any date of prepayment of Benchmark Rate Loans and (2) not later than 1:00 p.m. two Business Day prior to any date of prepayment of Base Rate Loans;

 

(B)                    any prepayment of Benchmark Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $1,000,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof or, if less, the entire principal amount thereof then outstanding; and

 

(C)                    any prepayment of Base Rate Loans shall be in a principal amount of $1,000,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof or, if less, the entire principal amount thereof then outstanding.

 

Each Prepayment Notice shall specify the date and amount of such prepayment and the Class(es) and Type(s) of Loans to be prepaid, and the payment amount specified in each Prepayment Notice shall be due and payable on the date specified therein. The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Appropriate Lender of its receipt of a Prepayment Notice and of the amount of such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of such prepayment; provided, “non-consenting” Lenders may be repaid on a non-pro rata basis in connection with an Extension Offer or a Refinancing Amendment and Disqualified Lenders may be repaid on non-pro rata basis. Revolving Loans and Incremental Revolving Loans prepaid pursuant to this subsection (a) may be reborrowed, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

 

(ii)                 Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, the Borrower may rescind, in whole or in part, any notice of prepayment under Section 2.07(a)(i), if such prepayment would have resulted from a refinancing of all or a portion of the applicable Facility which refinancing shall not be consummated or shall otherwise be delayed.

 

(iii)                Voluntary prepayments of Loans permitted hereunder shall be applied in a manner determined at the discretion of the Borrower and specified in the notice of prepayment (and absent such direction, in direct order of maturity).

 

(b)                Mandatory.

 

(i)                 Revolving Loan Repayments. The Borrower shall from time to time (and in any event within one Business Day of such excess) prepay the Revolving Loans to the extent necessary so that the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments shall not at any time exceed the Revolving Commitments then in effect; provided that, to the extent such excess amount is greater than the aggregate principal dollar amount of the Revolving Loans outstanding immediately prior to the application of such prepayment, the amount so prepaid shall be retained by the Administrative Agent and held in the Cash Collateral Account as cover for Letter of Credit Usage, as more particularly described in Section 2.04(l), and thereupon such cash shall be deemed to reduce the aggregate Letter of Credit Usage by an equivalent amount.

 

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(c)                Interest, Funding Losses, Etc. All prepayments under this Section 2.07 shall be accompanied by all accrued interest thereon, together with, in the case of any such prepayment of a Benchmark Rate Loan on a date prior to the last day of an Interest Period therefor, any amounts owing in respect of such Benchmark Rate Loan pursuant to Section 3.05.

 

(d)                Application of Prepayment Amounts. In the event that the obligation of the Borrower to prepay the Loans shall arise pursuant to Section 2.07(b), each payment or prepayment pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.07(b) shall be applied ratably among the Lenders of each Class holding the Loans being prepaid, in proportion to the principal amount held by each, and shall be applied, (A) first, to prepay all Base Rate Loans and (B) second, to the extent of any excess remaining after application as provided in clause (A) above, to prepay all Benchmark Rate Loans (and as among Benchmark Rate Loans, (1) first to prepay those Benchmark Rate Loans, if any, having Interest Periods ending on the date of such prepayment, and (2) thereafter, to the extent of any excess remaining after application as provided in clause (1) above, to prepay any Benchmark Rate Loans in the order of the expiration dates of the Interest Periods applicable thereto).

 

(e)                Interest Period Deferrals. Notwithstanding any of the other provisions of this Section 2.07, so long as no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, if any prepayment of Benchmark Rate Loans is required to be made under this Section 2.07 prior to the last day of the Interest Period therefor, in lieu of making any payment pursuant to this Section 2.07 in respect of any such Benchmark Rate Loan, prior to the last day of the Interest Period therefor, the Borrower may, in its sole discretion, deposit an amount sufficient to make any such prepayment otherwise required to be made thereunder together with accrued interest to the last day of such Interest Period into a Cash Collateral Account until the last day of such Interest Period, at which time the Administrative Agent shall be authorized (without any further action by or notice to or from the Borrower or any other Loan Party) to apply such amount to the prepayment of such Loans in accordance with this Section 2.07. Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of any Event of Default, the Administrative Agent shall also be authorized (without any further action by or notice to or from the Borrower or any other Loan Party) to apply such amount to the prepayment of the outstanding Loans in accordance with the relevant provisions of this Section 2.07.

 

Section 2.08                 Termination or Reduction of Commitments.

 

(a)                Optional. The Borrower may, upon written notice to the Administrative Agent, terminate the unused Commitments of any Class, or from time to time permanently reduce the unused Commitments of any Class, in each case without premium or penalty; provided that (i) any such notice shall be received by the Administrative Agent one Business Day prior to the date of termination or reduction, (ii) any such partial reduction shall be in an aggregate amount of $1,000,000 or any whole multiple of $500,000 in excess thereof or, if less, the entire amount thereof and (iii) the Borrower shall not terminate or reduce (A) the Revolving Commitments if, after giving effect to any concurrent prepayment of the Revolving Loans in accordance with Section 2.07, the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments would exceed the total Revolving Commitments or (B) the Letter of Credit Sublimit if, after giving effect thereto, (1) the Letter of Credit Usage not fully Cash Collateralized hereunder at 103% of the maximum face amount of any such Letters of Credit would exceed the Letter of Credit Sublimit or (2) the Letter of Credit Usage with respect to Letters of Credit issued by an applicable Issuing Bank not fully Cash Collateralized hereunder at 103% of the maximum face amount of any such Letters of Credit would exceed the amount of such Issuing Bank’s Letter of Credit Percentage of the Letter of Credit Sublimit. Any reduction of unused Commitments of any Class shall be effected on a pro rata basis; provided that unused Commitments of any Defaulting Lender or Disqualified Lender may be effected on a non-pro rata basis. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Borrower may rescind or postpone any notice of termination of the Commitments if such termination would have resulted from a refinancing of all or a portion of the applicable Facility, which refinancing shall not be consummated or otherwise shall be delayed.

 

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(b)                Mandatory.

 

(i)                 The Revolving Commitments shall terminate on the Revolving Commitment Termination Date.

 

(ii)                 If after giving effect to any reduction or termination of Revolving Commitments under this Section 2.08, the Letter of Credit Sublimit exceeds the amount of the Revolving Commitments at such time, the Letter of Credit Sublimit shall be automatically reduced by the amount of such excess.

 

(c)                Effect of Termination or Reduction. Any termination or reduction of the Commitments of any Class shall be permanent. Each reduction of Commitments of any Class shall be made ratably among the Lenders in accordance with their respective Pro Rata Share of Commitments of such Class.

 

Section 2.09                 Repayment of Loans.

 

(a)                The Borrower shall repay to the Administrative Agent for the ratable account of the Appropriate Lenders the outstanding principal amount of the Revolving Loans on the Revolving Commitment Termination Date.

 

(b)                The Borrower shall repay Incremental Term Loans of any Class in such amounts and on such date or dates as shall be specified therefor in the Incremental Amendment establishing the Incremental Term Loan Commitments of such Class.

 

Section 2.10                 Interest.

 

(a)                Subject to the provisions of Section 2.10(b),

 

(i)                 each Benchmark Rate Loan shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof for each Interest Period at a rate per annum equal to the Applicable Benchmark (i.e. for Revolving Loans on the Closing Date, Adjusted Term SOFR) for such Interest Period plus the Applicable Rate; and

 

(ii)                 each Base Rate Loan shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof from the applicable Borrowing date at a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate.

 

(b)                If any amount of principal of any Loan is not paid when due (without regard to any applicable grace periods), whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise, such amount shall thereafter bear interest at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

 

(c)                If any amount (other than principal of any Loan) payable by the Borrower under any Loan Document is not paid when due (without regard to any applicable grace periods), whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise, then upon the request of the Required Lenders (or, after the occurrence of an actual or deemed entry of an order for relief with respect to the Borrower under the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, automatically and without further action by the Administrative Agent or any Lender) such amount shall thereafter bear interest at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.

 

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(d)                Accrued and unpaid interest on the principal amount of all outstanding past due Obligations (including interest on past due interest) shall be due and payable upon demand (or, after the occurrence of an actual or deemed entry of an order for relief with respect to the Borrower under the Bankruptcy Code of the United States, automatically and without further action by the Administrative Agent or any Lender).

 

(e)                Interest on each Loan shall be due and payable (i) with respect to Base Rate Loans, in arrears on each Interest Payment Date applicable thereto and at such other times as may be specified herein and (ii) with respect to Benchmark Rate Loans, at the end of each Interest Period, and, in any event, every three months. Interest hereunder shall be due and payable in accordance with the terms hereof before and after judgment, and before and after the commencement of any proceeding, under any Debtor Relief Law.

 

(f)                 The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Borrower and the Lenders of the interest rate applicable to any Interest Period for any Benchmark Rate Loans upon determination of such interest rate. The determination of the Adjusted Term SOFR and Term SOFR by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error. At any time when Base Rate Loans are outstanding, the Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower and the Lenders of any change in the “prime rate” used in determining the Base Rate promptly following the public announcement of such change.

 

(g)                After giving effect to all Borrowings, all conversions of Loans from one Type to the other, and all continuations of Loans as the same Type, there shall not be more than ten Interest Periods in effect unless otherwise agreed between the Borrower and the Administrative Agent; provided that after the establishment of any new Class of Loans pursuant to a Refinancing Amendment or Extension, the number of Interest Periods otherwise permitted by this Section 2.10(g) shall increase by three Interest Periods for each applicable Class so established.

 

Section 2.11                 Fees.

 

(a)                The Borrower shall pay to the Agents such fees as shall have been separately agreed upon in the Fee Letter. Such fees shall be fully earned when due and shall not be refundable for any reason whatsoever (except as expressly agreed between the Borrower and the applicable Agent).

 

(b)                The Borrower agrees to pay to Lenders having Revolving Exposure:

 

(i)                 commitment fees for the period from and including the earlier of (i) the Initial Extension Date and (ii) the date that is one hundred twenty (120) days following the Closing Date, to and including the Revolving Commitment Termination Date equal to the applicable amount for commitment fees as set forth in the definition of Applicable Commitment Fee on the average daily unused portion of the Revolving Commitment of the Lenders (other than the Defaulting Lenders, if any); and

 

(ii)                 letter of credit fees with respect to all Letters of Credit (the “L/C Fee”) equal to (A) the Applicable Rate for Revolving Loans that are Benchmark Rate Loans, times (B) the average aggregate daily maximum Dollar Amount available to be drawn under all Letters of Credit (regardless of whether any conditions for drawing could then be met and determined as of the close of business on any date of determination and whether or not such maximum amount is then in effect under such Letter of Credit if such maximum amount increases periodically pursuant to the terms of such Letter of Credit).

 

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All fees referred to in this Section 2.11(b) shall be paid to the Administrative Agent at the Administrative Agent’s Office and upon receipt, the Administrative Agent shall promptly distribute to each Lender its Pro Rata Share thereof.

 

(c)                The Borrower agrees to pay directly to the applicable Issuing Bank, for its own account, the following fees:

 

(i)                 a fronting fee to be agreed by the Borrower and the applicable Issuing Bank (not to exceed 0.125% per annum) times the daily maximum amount then available to be drawn under such Letter of Credit (whether or not such maximum amount is then in effect under such Letter of Credit if such maximum amount increases periodically pursuant to the terms of such Letter of Credit) determined as of the close of business on any date of determination; and

 

(ii)                 such documentary and processing charges for any issuance, amendment, transfer or payment of a Letter of Credit as are in accordance with such Issuing Bank’s standard schedule for such charges and as in effect at the time of such issuance, amendment, transfer or payment, as the case may be, which fees, costs and charges shall be payable to such Issuing Bank within three Business Days after its demand therefor and are nonrefundable.

 

(d)                All fees referred to in Section 2.11(b) and Section 2.11(c)(i) shall be payable quarterly in arrears fifteen (15) days after the end of each fiscal quarter of each year during the Revolving Commitment Period, commencing with the first full fiscal quarter ending after the Closing Date, and on the Revolving Commitment Termination Date; provided that any such fees accruing after the Revolving Commitment Termination Date shall be payable on demand.

 

(e)                The Borrower agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent for its own account the fees payable in the amounts and at the times separately agreed upon.

 

Section 2.12                 Computation of Interest and Fees. All computations of interest for Base Rate Loans calculated by reference to the “prime rate” or Federal Funds Rate shall be made on the basis of a year of 365 days or 366 days, as the case may be, and actual days elapsed. All other computations of fees and interest shall be made on the basis of a 360-day year and actual days elapsed (which results in more fees or interest, as applicable, being paid than if computed on the basis of a 365-day year). Interest shall accrue on each Loan for the day on which the Loan is made, and shall not accrue on a Loan, or any portion thereof, for the day on which the Loan or such portion is paid; provided that any Loan that is repaid on the same day on which it is made shall, subject to Section 2.10(a), bear interest for one day. Each determination by the Administrative Agent of an interest rate or fee hereunder shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error.

 

Section 2.13                 Evidence of Indebtedness.

 

(a)                The Borrowings made by each Lender shall be evidenced by one or more accounts or records maintained by such Lender and evidenced by one or more entries in the Register maintained by the Administrative Agent, acting solely for purposes of Treasury Regulation Section 5f.103-1(c), as non-fiduciary agent for the Borrower, in each case in the ordinary course of business. The accounts or records maintained by the Administrative Agent and each Lender shall be prima facie evidence absent manifest error of the amount of the Borrowings made by the Lenders to the Borrower and the interest and payments thereon. Any failure to so record or any error in doing so shall not, however, limit or otherwise affect the obligation of the Borrower hereunder to pay any amount owing with respect to the Obligations. In the event of any conflict between the accounts and records maintained by any Lender and the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent in respect of such matters, the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent shall control in the absence of manifest error.

 

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(b)                Upon the request of any Lender made through the Administrative Agent, the Borrower shall execute and deliver to such Lender (through the Administrative Agent) a Note payable to such Lender, which shall evidence the relevant Class of such Lender’s Loans in addition to such accounts or records. Each Lender may attach schedules to its Note and endorse thereon the date, Type (if applicable), amount and maturity of its Loans and payments with respect thereto.

 

(c)                Entries made in good faith by the Administrative Agent in the Register pursuant to Section 2.13(a), and by each Lender in its account or accounts pursuant to Section 2.13(a), shall be prima facie evidence of the amount of principal and interest due and payable or to become due and payable from the Borrower to, in the case of the Register, each Lender and, in the case of such account or accounts, such Lender, under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, absent manifest error; provided that the failure of the Administrative Agent or such Lender to make an entry, or any finding that an entry is incorrect, in the Register or such account or accounts shall not limit or otherwise affect the obligations of the Borrower under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

 

Section 2.14                 Payments Generally.

 

(a)                All payments to be made by the Borrower shall be made on the date when due, in immediately available funds without condition or deduction for any counterclaim, defense, recoupment or setoff. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all payments by the Borrower hereunder shall be made to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the respective Lenders to which such payment is owed, at the applicable Administrative Agent’s Office for payment and in Same Day Funds not later than 1:00 p.m. on the date specified herein. The Administrative Agent will promptly distribute to each Appropriate Lender its Pro Rata Share (or other applicable share as provided herein) of such payment in like funds as received by wire transfer to such Lender’s Lending Office; provided that the proceeds of any borrowing of Revolving Loans to finance the reimbursement of a drawn Letter of Credit as provided in Section 2.04(c) shall be remitted by the Administrative Agent to the applicable Issuing Bank. All payments received by the Administrative Agent after 1:00 p.m. shall in each case be deemed received on the next succeeding Business Day and any applicable interest or fee shall continue to accrue.

 

(b)                If any payment to be made by the Borrower shall come due on a day other than a Business Day, payment shall be made on the next following Business Day (other than as provided in the definition of Interest Period), and such extension of time shall be reflected in computing interest or fees, as the case may be.

 

(c)                Unless the Borrower has notified the Administrative Agent, prior to the date any payment is required to be made by it to the Administrative Agent hereunder for the account of any Lender or any Issuing Bank, as applicable, that the Borrower will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that the Borrower has timely made such payment and may (but shall not be so required to), in reliance thereon, make available a corresponding amount to such Lender or such Issuing Bank. If and to the extent that such payment was not in fact made to the Administrative Agent in Same Day Funds, then such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as applicable, shall forthwith on demand repay to the Administrative Agent the portion of such assumed payment that was made available to such Lender or such Issuing Bank in Same Day Funds, together with interest thereon in respect of each day from and including the date such amount was made available by the Administrative Agent to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as applicable, to the date such amount is repaid to the Administrative Agent in Same Day Funds at the applicable Overnight Rate from time to time in effect.

 

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(d)                If any Lender makes available to the Administrative Agent funds for any Loan to be made by such Lender as provided in the foregoing provisions of this Article II, and such funds are not made available to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent because the conditions to the Borrowing set forth in Article IV are not satisfied or waived in accordance with the terms hereof, the Administrative Agent shall return such funds (in like funds as received from such Lender) to such Lender, without interest.

 

(e)                The obligations of the Lenders hereunder to make Loans, to fund participations in Letters of Credit and to make payments pursuant to Section 10.07 are several and not joint. The failure of any Lender to make any Loan on any date required hereunder shall not relieve any other Lender of its corresponding obligation to do so on such date, and no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to so make its Loan or purchase its participation.

 

(f)                 Nothing herein shall be deemed to obligate any Lender to obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner or to constitute a representation by any Lender that it has obtained or will obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner.

 

(g)                Whenever any payment received by the Administrative Agent under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents is insufficient to pay in full all amounts due and payable to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders under or in respect of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents on any date, such payment shall be distributed by the Administrative Agent and applied by the Administrative Agent and the Lenders in the order of priority set forth in Section 9.03. If the Administrative Agent receives funds for application to the Obligations of the Loan Parties under or in respect of the Loan Documents under circumstances for which the Loan Documents do not specify the manner in which such funds are to be applied, the Administrative Agent may, but shall not be obligated to, elect to distribute such funds to each of the Lenders in accordance with such Lender’s Pro Rata Share of such of the outstanding Loans or other Obligations then owing to such Lender.

 

(h)                If any Lender shall fail to make any payment required to be made by it pursuant to Section 2.04(c), Section 2.06, Section 2.15 or Section 10.07, then the Administrative Agent may, in its discretion and notwithstanding any contrary provision hereof, (i) apply any amounts thereafter received by the Administrative Agent for the account of such Lender for the benefit of the Administrative Agent or the Issuing Banks, as applicable, to satisfy such Lender’s obligations to such Persons until all such unsatisfied obligations are fully paid and/or (ii) hold any such amounts in a segregated account as cash collateral for, and application to, any future funding obligations of such Lender under any such Section, in the case of each of clauses (i) and (ii) above, in any order as determined by the Administrative Agent in its discretion.

 

Section 2.15                 Sharing of Payments, Etc. If, other than as expressly provided elsewhere herein, any Lender shall obtain payment in respect of any principal of or interest on account of the Loans of a particular Class made by it (whether voluntary, involuntary, through the exercise of any right of setoff, or otherwise) in excess of its ratable share (or other share contemplated hereunder) thereof, such Lender shall immediately (a) notify the Administrative Agent of such fact, and (b) purchase from the other Lenders such participations in the Loans made by them and/or such sub-participations in the participations in L/C obligations held by them, as the case may be, as shall be necessary to cause such purchasing Lender to share the excess payment in respect of such Loans or such participations, as the case may be, pro rata with each of them; provided that if all or any portion of such excess payment is thereafter recovered from the purchasing Lender under any of the circumstances described in Section 11.06 (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by the purchasing Lender in its discretion), such purchase shall to that extent be rescinded and each relevant Lender shall repay to the purchasing Lender the purchase price paid therefor, together with an amount equal to such paying Lender’s ratable share (according to the proportion of (i) the amount of such paying Lender’s required repayment to (ii) the total amount so recovered from the purchasing Lender) of any interest or other amount paid or payable by the purchasing Lender in respect of the total amount so recovered, without further interest thereon. The provisions of this paragraph shall not be construed to apply to (A) any payment made by the Borrower pursuant to and in accordance with the express terms of this Agreement as in effect from time to time (including Permitted Debt Exchanges, or pursuant to Section 11.07), (B) any payment obtained by a Lender as consideration for the assignment of or sale of a participation in any of its Loans to any assignee or participant permitted hereunder or (C) any payment received by such Lender not in its capacity as a Lender. The Borrower agrees that any Lender so purchasing a participation from another Lender may, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, exercise all its rights of payment (including the right of setoff, but subject to Section 11.09) with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were the direct creditor of the Borrower in the amount of such participation. The Administrative Agent will keep records (which shall be conclusive and binding in the absence of manifest error) of participations purchased under this Section 2.15 and will in each case notify the Lenders following any such purchases or repayments. Each Lender that purchases a participation pursuant to this Section 2.15 shall from and after such purchase have the right to give all notices, requests, demands, directions and other communications under this Agreement with respect to the portion of the Obligations purchased to the same extent as though the purchasing Lender were the original owner of the Obligations purchased.

 

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Section 2.16                 Incremental Borrowings.

 

(a)                Notice. At any time and from time to time, on one or more occasions, the Borrower may, by notice to the Administrative Agent, (i) increase the aggregate principal amount of any outstanding tranche of Term Loans or add one or more tranches of term loans under the Loan Documents (the “Incremental Term Facilities” and the term loans made thereunder, the “Incremental Term Loans”) or (ii) increase the aggregate principal amount of Revolving Commitments or add one or more additional revolving loan facilities (including letter of credit facilities) under the Loan Documents (the “Incremental Revolving Facilities” and the revolving loans and other extensions of credit made thereunder, the “Incremental Revolving Loans”; each such increase or tranche pursuant to clauses (i) and (ii), an “Incremental Facility” and the loans or other extensions of credit made thereunder, the “Incremental Loans”).

 

(b)                Ranking. Incremental Facilities (i) may rank either pari passu or junior in right of payment with any the initial Revolving Commitments, and (ii) may either be unsecured, secured by Liens on the Collateral that are pari passu with Liens that secure the Facilities, or secured by a Liens on Collateral that are junior in priority to Liens that secure any of the Facilities.

 

(c)                Size and Currency. The aggregate principal amount of Incremental Facilities on any date Indebtedness thereunder is first incurred (or at the election of the Borrower, the date that commitments with respect thereto are received in the case of a revolving or delayed draw facility), together with the aggregate principal amount of Incremental Equivalent Debt and other Incremental Facilities outstanding on such date, will not exceed, an amount equal to the Fixed Incremental Amount. Each Incremental Facility will be in an integral multiple of $1,000,000 and in an aggregate principal amount that is not less than $10,000,000 (or such lesser minimum amount approved by the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion); provided that such amount may be less than such minimum amount or integral multiple amount if such amount represents all the remaining availability under the Fixed Incremental Amount at such time. Any Incremental Facility shall be denominated in Dollars.

 

(d)                Incremental Lenders. Incremental Facilities may be provided by any existing Lender (it being understood that no existing Lender shall have an obligation to make, or provide commitments with respect to, an Incremental Loan) or by any Additional Lender. While existing Lenders may (but are not obligated to unless invited to and so elect) participate in any syndication of an Incremental Facility and may (but are not obligated to unless invited to and so elect) become lenders with respect thereto, the existing Lenders will not have any right to participate in any syndication of, and will not have any right of first refusal or other right to provide all or any portion of, any Incremental Facility or Incremental Loan except to the extent the Borrower and the arrangers thereof, if any, in their discretion, chose to invite or include any such existing Lender (which may or may not apply to all existing Lenders and may or may not be pro rata among existing Lenders). Final allocations in respect of Incremental Facilities will be made by the Borrower together with the arrangers thereof, if any, in their discretion, on the terms permitted by this Section 2.16; provided that the lenders providing the Incremental Facilities will be reasonably acceptable to (i) the Borrower, (ii) the Administrative Agent and (iii) solely with respect to any Incremental Revolving Facility, each Issuing Bank (except that, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii), only to the extent such Person otherwise would have a consent right to an assignment of such loans or commitments to such lender, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed).

 

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(e)                Incremental Facility Amendments; Use of Proceeds. Each Incremental Facility will become effective pursuant to an amendment (each, an “Incremental Amendment”) to this Agreement and, as appropriate, the other Loan Documents, executed by the Borrower and each Person providing such Incremental Facility. The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Lender as to the effectiveness of each Incremental Amendment. Incremental Amendments may, without the consent of any other Lenders, effect such amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as may be necessary, advisable or appropriate, in the reasonable opinion of the Borrower in consultation with the Administrative Agent, to effect the provisions of this Section 2.16 and, to the extent practicable, to make an Incremental Loan fungible (including for Tax purposes) with other Loans (subject to the limitations under sub-clause (g) of this Section). Each of the parties hereto hereby agrees that, upon the effectiveness of any Incremental Amendment, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, as applicable, will be amended to the extent necessary to reflect the existence and terms of the Incremental Facility and the Incremental Term Loans (if any) evidenced thereby. Incremental Amendments may be amended with the consent of only the Borrower and each Person providing such Incremental Facility to include terms that could have originally been included in such Incremental Amendment. This Section 2.16 shall supersede any provisions in Section 2.15 or Section 11.01 to the contrary. The Borrower may use the proceeds of the Incremental Loans for any purpose not prohibited by this Agreement.

 

(f)                 Conditions. The availability of Incremental Facilities under this Agreement will be subject solely to the following conditions, subject, for the avoidance of doubt, to Section 1.08, measured on the date of the initial borrowing under such Incremental Facility:

 

(i)                 no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result therefrom; provided that the condition set forth in this clause (i) may be waived or not required (other than with respect to Specified Events of Default) by the Persons providing such Incremental Facilities if the proceeds of the initial Borrowings under such Incremental Facilities will incurred in connection with a Permitted Investment; and

 

(ii)                 the representations and warranties in the Loan Documents will be true and correct in all material respects (except for representations and warranties that are already qualified by materiality, which representations and warranties will be true and correct in all respects) immediately prior to, and after giving effect to, the incurrence of such Incremental Facility; provided that the condition set forth in this clause (ii) may be waived or not required by the Persons providing such Incremental Facilities if the proceeds of the initial Borrowings under such Incremental Facilities will be used to finance, in whole or in part, a Permitted Investment.

 

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(g)                Terms. Each Incremental Amendment will set forth the amount and terms of the relevant Incremental Facility. The terms of each Incremental Facility will be as agreed between the Borrower and the Persons providing such Incremental Facility; provided that:

(i)                 any Incremental Term Facility and the Incremental Term Loans to be made thereunder shall be on terms and conditions that are either (A) substantially identical to the terms and conditions of this Agreement or (B) reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent (except to the extent applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date);

(ii)               the weighted average life to maturity of any Incremental Term Loans shall be no shorter than the remaining weighted average life to maturity of any then-outstanding Classes of Term Loans;

(iii)             no Incremental Term Loan shall mature earlier than the Latest Maturity Date at the time of incurrence of such Incremental Term Facility;

(iv)              (A)any such Incremental Facility shall not be secured by any Lien on any property or asset of such Person that does not also secure the Revolving Loans (except (1) customary cash collateral in favor of an agent, letter of credit issuer or similar “fronting” lender, (2) Liens on property or assets applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date of the Revolving Loans at the time of incurrence, (3) [reserved], and (4) any Liens on property or assets to the extent that a Lien on such property or asset is also added for the benefit of the Lenders under the Revolving Loans for so long as such Liens secure such Incremental Facility) and (B) any such Incremental Facility shall not be guaranteed by any such Person that is not (or is not required to be) a Loan Party (except (1) for guarantees by other Persons that are applicable only to periods after the Latest Maturity Date of the Revolving Loans at the time of incurrence, (2) [reserved], and (3) any such Person guaranteeing such Incremental Term Facilities or Incremental Revolving Facilities, as applicable, that also guarantees the Revolving Loans for so long as such Person guarantees such Incremental Facility); and

(v)                except as otherwise set forth herein, all terms of any Incremental Revolving Facility shall be on terms and pursuant to documentation applicable to the Revolving Facility and all terms of any Incremental Term Facility shall be on terms (including subordination terms, if applicable) and pursuant to documentation to be determined by the Borrower and the providers of the Incremental Term Facility; provided that the operational and agency provisions contained in such documentation shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower.

(h)                Pricing. The interest rate, fees, OID and other economic terms applicable to Incremental Term Loans will be as determined by the Borrower and the Persons providing such Incremental Term Loans.

(i)                 Adjustments to Revolving Loans. Upon each increase in the Revolving Commitments pursuant to this Section 2.16,

(i)                 each Revolving Lender immediately prior to such increase will automatically and without further act be deemed to have assigned to each lender providing a portion of such increase (each an “Incremental Revolving Facility Lender”), and each such Incremental Revolving Facility Lender will automatically and without further act be deemed to have assumed, a portion of such Revolving Lender’s participations hereunder in outstanding Letters of Credit such that, after giving effect to each such deemed assignment and assumption of participations, the percentage of the aggregate outstanding participations hereunder in Letters of Credit held by each Revolving Lender will equal the percentage of the aggregate Revolving Commitments of all Lenders represented by such Revolving Lender’s Revolving Commitments; and

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(ii)               if, on the date of such increase, there are any Revolving Loans outstanding, such Revolving Loans shall on or prior to the effectiveness of such Incremental Revolving Facility be prepaid from the proceeds of Incremental Revolving Loans made hereunder (reflecting such increase in Revolving Commitments), which prepayment shall be accompanied by accrued interest on the Revolving Loans being prepaid and any costs incurred by any Revolving Lender in accordance with Section 3.05.

(j)                 The Administrative Agent and the Lenders hereby agree that the minimum borrowing, pro rata borrowing and pro rata payment requirements contained elsewhere in this Agreement shall not apply to the transactions effected pursuant to this Section 2.16.

Section 2.17            Refinancing Amendments.

(a)                Refinancing Loans. The Borrower may obtain, from any Lender or any Additional Lender, Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness in respect of all or any portion of the Term Loans or Revolving Loans (in each case on a pro rata basis), in the form of Refinancing Loans or Refinancing Commitments made pursuant to a Refinancing Amendment; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt Liens securing Refinancing Loans may be (and must only be) Permitted Liens.

(b)                Refinancing Amendments. The effectiveness of any Refinancing Amendment will be subject only to the satisfaction on the date thereof of such conditions as may be requested by the providers of applicable Refinancing Loans. The Borrower will promptly notify the Administrative Agent (which will promptly notify each Lender) as to the effectiveness of each Refinancing Amendment. Upon effectiveness of any Refinancing Amendment, this Agreement will be deemed amended to the extent (but only to the extent) necessary to reflect the existence and terms of the Refinancing Loans incurred pursuant thereto (including any amendments necessary to treat the Term Loans or Revolving Loans subject thereto as Refinancing Term Loans or Refinancing Revolving Loans, respectively).

(c)                Required Consents. Any Refinancing Amendment may, without the consent of any Person other than the Borrower and the Persons providing the applicable Refinancing Loans, effect such amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents as may be necessary, advisable or appropriate, in the reasonable opinion of the Borrower and such Persons, to effect the provisions of this Section 2.17; provided that the operational and agency provisions contained in any Refinancing Amendment shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower. This Section 2.17 supersedes any provisions in Section 2.15 or Section 11.01 to the contrary.

(d)                Providers of Refinancing Loans. Refinancing Loans may be provided by any existing Lender (it being understood that no existing Lender shall have an obligation to make all or any portion of any Refinancing Loan) or by any Additional Lender (subject to Section 11.07(h)). The lenders providing the Refinancing Loans will be reasonably acceptable to (i) the Borrower, (ii) the Administrative Agent and (iii) solely with respect to any Refinancing Revolving Loans, each Issuing Bank (except that, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii), only to the extent such Person otherwise would have a consent right to an assignment of such loans or commitments to such lender, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed).

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Section 2.18            Extensions of Loans.

(a)                Extension Offers. Pursuant to one or more offers (each, an “Extension Offer”) made from time to time by the Borrower to all Lenders holding Loans and/or Commitments of a particular Class with a like Maturity Date, the Borrower may extend such Maturity Date and otherwise modify the terms of such Loans and/or Commitments pursuant to the terms set forth in an Extension Offer (each, an “Extension”). Each Extension Offer will specify the minimum amount of Loans and/or Commitments with respect to which an Extension Offer may be accepted, which will be an integral multiple of $1,000,000 and an aggregate principal amount that is not less than $5,000,000, or, if less, (i) the aggregate principal amount of such Class of Loans outstanding or (ii) such lesser minimum amount as is approved by the Administrative Agent, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed. Extension Offers will be made on a pro rata basis to all Lenders holding Loans and/or Commitments of a particular Class with a like Maturity Date. If the aggregate outstanding principal amount of such Loans (calculated on the face amount thereof) and/or Commitments in respect of which Lenders have accepted an Extension Offer exceeds the maximum aggregate principal amount of Loans and/or Commitments offered to be extended pursuant to such Extension Offer, then the Loans and/or Commitments of such Lenders will be extended ratably up to such maximum amount based on the respective principal amounts (but not to exceed actual holdings of record) with respect to which such Lenders have accepted such Extension Offer. There is no requirement that any Extension Offer or Extension Amendment (defined as follows) be subject to any “most favored nation” pricing provisions. The terms of an Extension Offer shall be determined by the Borrower, and Extension Offers may contain one or more conditions to their effectiveness as determined by the Borrower, including a condition that a minimum amount of Loans and/or Commitments of any or all applicable tranches be tendered.

(b)                Extension Amendments. The Lenders hereby irrevocably authorize the Administrative Agent to enter into amendments to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents (an “Extension Amendment”) as may be necessary, advisable or appropriate in order to establish new tranches in respect of Extended Loans and Extended Commitments and such amendments as permitted by clause (c) below as may be necessary, advisable or appropriate in the reasonable opinion of the Borrower, in consultation with the Administrative Agent, in connection with the establishment of such new tranches of Loans. This Section 2.18 shall supersede any provisions in Section 2.15 or Section 11.01 to the contrary. Except as otherwise set forth in an Extension Offer, there will be no conditions to the effectiveness of an Extension Amendment. Extensions will not constitute a voluntary or mandatory payment or prepayment for purposes of this Agreement.

(c)                Terms of Extension Offers and Extension Amendments. The terms of any Extended Loans and Extended Commitments will be set forth in an Extension Offer and as agreed between the Borrower and the Extending Lenders accepting such Extension Offer; provided that:

(i)                 the final maturity date of such Extended Loans and Extended Commitments will be no earlier than the Latest Maturity Date applicable to the Loans and/or Commitments subject to such Extension Offer;

(ii)               the weighted average life to maturity of any Extended Loans that are Term Loans will be no shorter than the remaining weighted average life to maturity of the Term Loans subject to such Extension Offer; and

(iii)             any Extended Loans that are Term Loans may participate on a pro rata basis or a less than pro rata basis (but not greater than a pro rata basis) in any corresponding mandatory repayments or prepayments of Term Loans other than any repayment of such Extended Loans at maturity or with the proceeds of Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness.

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Any Extended Loans will constitute a separate tranche of Term Loans and/or Revolving Loans from the Term Loans and/or Revolving Loans held by Lenders that did not accept the applicable Extension Offer.

(d)                Extension of Revolving Commitments. In the case of any Extension of Revolving Commitments and/or Revolving Loans, the following shall apply:

(i)                 all borrowings and all prepayments of Revolving Loans shall continue to be made on a ratable basis among all Revolving Lenders, based on the relative amounts of their Revolving Commitments, until the repayment of the Revolving Loans attributable to the non-extended Revolving Commitments on the relevant Maturity Date;

(ii)               the allocation of the participation exposure with respect to any then-existing or subsequently issued or made Letter of Credit as between the Revolving Commitments of such new tranche and the remaining Revolving Commitments shall be made on a ratable basis in accordance with the relative amounts thereof until the Maturity Date relating to such non-extended Revolving Commitments has occurred;

(iii)             no termination of extended Revolving Commitments and no repayment of extended Revolving Loans accompanied by a corresponding permanent reduction in extended Revolving Commitments shall be permitted unless such termination or repayment (and corresponding reduction) is accompanied by at least a pro rata termination or permanent repayment (and corresponding pro rata permanent reduction), as applicable, of each other tranche of Revolving Loans and Revolving Commitments (or each other tranche of Revolving Commitments and Revolving Loans shall have otherwise been terminated and repaid in full);

(iv)              the Maturity Date with respect to the Revolving Commitments may not be extended without the prior written consent of each Issuing Bank; and

(v)                at no time shall there be more than five different tranches of Revolving Commitments.

If the Total Utilization of Revolving Commitments exceeds the Revolving Commitment as a result of the occurrence of the Maturity Date with respect to any tranche of Revolving Commitments while an extended tranche of Revolving Commitments remains outstanding, the Borrower shall make such payments as are necessary in order to eliminate such excess on such Maturity Date.

(e)                Required Consents. No consent of any Lender or any other Person will be required to effectuate any Extension, other than the consent of the Administrative Agent (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), the Borrower and the applicable Extending Lender. The transactions contemplated by this Section 2.18 (including, for the avoidance of doubt, payment of any interest, fees or premium in respect of any Extended Loans on such terms as may be set forth in the relevant Extension Offer) will not require the consent of any other Lender or any other Person, and the requirements of any provision of this Agreement or any other Loan Document that may otherwise prohibit any such Extension or any other transaction contemplated by this Section 2.18 will not apply to any of the transactions effected pursuant to this Section 2.18.

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Section 2.19            Defaulting Lenders.

(a)                Defaulting Lender Adjustments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement or any other Loan Document, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as such Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by Applicable Law:

(i)                 Defaulting Lender Waterfall. Any payment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts received by the Administrative Agent for the account of such Defaulting Lender (whether voluntary or mandatory, at maturity, pursuant to Article IX or otherwise) or received by the Administrative Agent from a Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 11.09 shall be applied at such time or times as may be determined by the Administrative Agent as follows: first, to the payment of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder; next, to the payment on a pro rata basis of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to each Issuing Bank; next, to Cash Collateralize each Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure with respect to such Defaulting Lender with respect to outstanding Letters of Credit; next, as the Borrower may request, to the funding of any Loan in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent; next, if so determined by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, to be held in a Cash Collateral Account and released pro rata in order to (A) satisfy such Defaulting Lender’s potential future funding obligations with respect to Loans under this Agreement and (B) Cash Collateralize each Issuing Bank’s with respect to such Defaulting Lender with respect to future Letters of Credit issued under this Agreement, in accordance with Section 2.19(c); next, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Lenders or the Issuing Banks as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by any Lender or any Issuing Bank against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; next, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Borrower as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by the Borrower against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; and next, to such Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if (1) such payment is a payment of the principal amount of any Loans or Reimbursement Obligations in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has not fully funded its appropriate share, and (2) such Loans were made or the related Letters of Credit were issued at a time when the conditions set forth in Article IV were satisfied or waived, such payment shall be applied solely to pay the Loans of, and Reimbursement Obligations owed to, all Non-Defaulting Lenders on a pro rata basis prior to being applied to the payment of any Loans of, or Reimbursement Obligations owed to, such Defaulting Lender until such time as all Loans and funded and unfunded participations in Letters of Credit are held by the Lenders pro rata in accordance with the applicable Commitments without giving effect to this Section 2.19(a)(i). Any payments, prepayments or other amounts paid or payable to a Defaulting Lender that are applied (or held) to pay amounts owed by a Defaulting Lender or to post Cash Collateral pursuant to Section 2.19(a)(i) shall be deemed paid to and redirected by such Defaulting Lender, and each Lender irrevocably consents hereto.

(ii)               Certain Fees.

(A)              No Defaulting Lender shall be entitled to receive any fee pursuant to Section 2.11(b) for any period during which that Lender is a Defaulting Lender (and the Borrower shall not be required to pay any such fee that otherwise would have been required to have been paid to that Defaulting Lender); provided such Defaulting Lender shall be entitled to receive fees pursuant to Section 2.11(b)(ii) for any period during which that Lender is a Defaulting Lender only to the extent allocable to its Pro Rata Share of the Stated Amount of Letters of Credit for which it has provided Cash Collateral pursuant to Section 2.19(a)(i).

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(B)              With respect to any fees not required to be paid to any Defaulting Lender pursuant to clause (A) above, the Borrower shall (1) pay to each Non-Defaulting Lender that portion of any such fee otherwise payable to such Defaulting Lender with respect to such Defaulting Lender’s participation in Letters of Credit that has been reallocated to such Non-Defaulting Lender pursuant to clause (iii) below, (2) pay to each Issuing Bank the amount of any such fee otherwise payable to such Defaulting Lender to the extent allocable to such Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure to such Defaulting Lender, and (3) not be required to pay the remaining amount of any such fee.

(iii)             Reallocation of Participations to Reduce Fronting Exposure. All or any part of such Defaulting Lender’s participation in Letters of Credit shall be reallocated among the Non-Defaulting Lenders in accordance with their respective Pro Rata Shares (calculated without regard to such Defaulting Lender’s Commitment) but only to the extent that (A) the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 are satisfied at the time of such reallocation (and, unless the Borrower shall have otherwise notified the Administrative Agent at such time, the Borrower shall be deemed to have represented and warranted that such conditions are satisfied at such time), and (B) such reallocation does not cause the aggregate Revolving Exposure of any Non-Defaulting Lender to exceed such Non-Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment. Subject to Section 11.25, no reallocation hereunder shall constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder against a Defaulting Lender arising from that Lender having become a Defaulting Lender, including any claim of a Non-Defaulting Lender as a result of such Non-Defaulting Lender’s increased exposure following such reallocation.

(iv)              Cash Collateral. If the reallocation described in clause (iii) above cannot, or can only partially, be effected, the Borrower shall, without prejudice to any right or remedy available to it hereunder or under Applicable Law, Cash Collateralize the Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.04(k) and Section 2.19(d) below.

(b)                Defaulting Lender Cure. If the Borrower and the Administrative Agent and each Issuing Bank agree in writing that a Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, the Administrative Agent will so notify the parties hereto, whereupon as of the effective date specified in such notice and subject to any conditions set forth therein (which may include arrangements with respect to any Cash Collateral), that Lender will, to the extent applicable, purchase at par that portion of outstanding Loans of the other Lenders or take such other actions as the Administrative Agent may determine to be necessary to cause the Loans and funded and unfunded participations in Letters of Credit to be held pro rata by the Lenders in accordance with the applicable Commitments (without giving effect to Section 2.04) whereupon such Lender will cease to be a Defaulting Lender; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of the Borrower while that Lender was a Defaulting Lender; provided further, that except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from that Lender having been a Defaulting Lender.

(c)                New Letters of Credit. So long as any Revolving Lender is a Defaulting Lender, no Issuing Bank shall be required to issue, extend or amend any Letter of Credit unless it is satisfied that it will have no Fronting Exposure after giving effect thereto.

(d)                Cash Collateral. At any time that there shall exist a Defaulting Lender and Section 2.19(a) is applicable, within three Business Days following the written request of the Administrative Agent or any Issuing Bank (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), the Borrower shall Cash Collateralize the applicable Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure, with respect to such Defaulting Lender (determined after giving effect to Section 2.04(k) and any Cash Collateral provided by such Defaulting Lender) in an amount not less than the Minimum Collateral Amount.

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(i)                 Grant of Security Interest. The Borrower, and to the extent provided by any Defaulting Lender, such Defaulting Lender, hereby grants to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Issuing Banks and the Revolving Lenders, and agrees to maintain, a first priority security interest in all such Cash Collateral as security for the Defaulting Lender’s obligation to fund participations in respect of Letters of Credit, to be applied pursuant to clause (ii) below. If at any time the Administrative Agent determines that the Cash Collateral is subject to any right or claim of any Person other than the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks or the Revolving Lenders as herein provided, or that the total amount of such Cash Collateral is less than the Minimum Collateral Amount, the Borrower will, within three Business Days of a demand by the Administrative Agent, pay or provide to the Administrative Agent additional Cash Collateral in an amount sufficient to eliminate such deficiency (after giving effect to any Cash Collateral provided by the Defaulting Lender).

(ii)               Application. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement,

(iii)             Cash Collateral provided under this Section 2.19 in respect of Letters of Credit shall be applied to the satisfaction of the Defaulting Lender’s obligation to fund participations in respect of Letters of Credit (including, as to Cash Collateral provided by a Defaulting Lender, any interest accrued on such obligation) for which the Cash Collateral was so provided, prior to any other application of such property as may otherwise be provided for herein.

(iv)              Termination of Requirement. Cash Collateral (or the appropriate portion thereof) provided to reduce any Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure shall no longer be required to be held as Cash Collateral pursuant to this Section 2.19 following (A) the elimination of the applicable Fronting Exposure (including by the termination of Defaulting Lender status of the applicable Lender) or (B) the determination by the Administrative Agent or the applicable Issuing Bank that there exists excess Cash Collateral; provided that, subject to the other provisions of this Section 2.19, the Person providing Cash Collateral and the applicable Issuing Bank may agree that the Cash Collateral shall be held to support future anticipated Fronting Exposure or other obligations; provided further that to the extent that such Cash Collateral was provided by the Borrower, such Cash Collateral shall remain subject to the security interest granted pursuant to the Loan Documents.

(e)                Hedge Banks. So long as any Lender is a Defaulting Lender, such Lender shall not be a Hedge Bank with respect to any Secured Hedge Agreement entered into while such Lender was a Defaulting Lender.

Article III.
Taxes, Increased Costs Protection and Illegality

Section 3.01            Taxes.

(a)                Defined Terms. For purposes of this Section 3.01, the term “Lender” includes any Issuing Bank and the term “Applicable Law” includes FATCA.

(b)                Payments Free of Taxes. Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party under any Loan Document shall be made without deduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by Applicable Law. If any Applicable Law (as determined in the good faith discretion of an applicable Withholding Agent) requires the deduction or withholding of any Tax from any such payment by a Withholding Agent, then the applicable Withholding Agent shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding and shall timely pay the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law and, if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax, then the sum payable by such Loan Party shall be increased as necessary so that after such deduction or withholding has been made (including such deductions and withholdings applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 3.01) the applicable Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deduction or withholding been made.

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(c)                Payment of Other Taxes by the Loan Parties. The Loan Parties shall timely pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law, or at the option of the Administrative Agent timely reimburse it for the payment of, any Other Taxes.

(d)                Indemnification by the Loan Parties. Without duplication of amounts compensated for under the other provisions of this Section 3.01, the Loan Parties shall indemnify each Recipient, within 10 days after demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section 3.01) payable or paid by such Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Recipient and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority; provided that if the Loan Party reasonably believes that such Taxes were not correctly or legally asserted, the Administrative Agent or Lender, as applicable, will use reasonable efforts to cooperate with the Loan Party to obtain a refund of such Taxes (which shall be repaid to the Loan Party in accordance with Section 3.01(i)) so long as such efforts would not, in the sole determination of the Administrative Agent or such Lender, result in any additional costs or expenses not reimbursed by the Loan Party or be otherwise materially disadvantageous to it. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to the Loan Party by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

(e)                Indemnification by the Lenders. Each Lender shall severally indemnify the Administrative Agent, within 10 days after demand therefor, for (i) any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that no Loan Party has already indemnified the Administrative Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Loan Parties to do so), (ii) any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 11.07(e) relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (iii) any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Administrative Agent in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under any Loan Document or otherwise payable by the Administrative Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this paragraph (e).

(f)                 Evidence of Payments. As soon as practicable after any payment of Taxes by any Loan Party to a Governmental Authority pursuant to this Section 3.01, such Loan Party shall deliver to the Administrative Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

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(g)                Status of Lenders. (i) Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to the Loan Parties and the Administrative Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by any Loan Party or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding. In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by Applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in paragraphs (g)(ii)(A), (ii)(B) and (ii)(D) of this Section) shall not be required if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender.

(ii)               Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that the Borrower is a U.S. Borrower,

(A)              any Lender that is a U.S. Person shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent on or about the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), executed copies of IRS Form W-9 certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding Tax;

(B)              any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or about the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), whichever of the following is applicable:

(1)                in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party (I) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty and (II) with respect to any other applicable payments under any Loan Document, IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;

(2)                executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI;

(3)                in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Code, (I) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit G-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, a “10 percent shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of Section 871(h)(3)(B) of the Code, or a “controlled foreign corporation” related to the Borrower as described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Code (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (II) executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E; or

(4)                to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner, executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN, IRS Form W-8BEN-E, a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit G-2 or Exhibit G-3, IRS Form W-9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit G-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner;

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(C)              any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or about the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), executed copies of any other form prescribed by Applicable Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by Applicable Law to permit the Loan Parties or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and

(D)              if a payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent at the time or times prescribed by law and at such other time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by Applicable Law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Administrative Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount, if any, to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (D), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.

Each Lender agrees that if any form or certification it previously delivered expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall update such form or certification or promptly notify the Loan Parties and the Administrative Agent in writing of its legal inability to do so.

(h)                Delivery. On or before the date the Administrative Agent (or any successor or supplemental agent) becomes a party to this Agreement and from time to time upon the reasonable request of the Borrower, the Administrative Agent (or such successor or supplemental agent) shall deliver to the Borrower either (i) a duly executed IRS Form W-9 or (ii) an IRS Form W-8IMY, in each case, with the effect that the Loan Parties may make payments to the Administrative Agent (or such successor or supplemental agent, as applicable), to the extent such payments are made to the Administrative Agent (or such successor or supplemental agent, as applicable) as an intermediary, without any deduction or withholding of any Taxes imposed by the United States.

(i)                 Treatment of Certain Refunds. If any party determines, in its sole discretion exercised in good faith, that it has received a refund of any Taxes as to which it has been indemnified pursuant to this Section 3.01 (including by the payment of additional amounts pursuant to this Section 3.01), it shall pay to the indemnifying party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made under this Section 3.01 with respect to the Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) of such indemnified party and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund). Such indemnifying party, upon the request of such indemnified party, shall repay to such indemnified party the amount paid over pursuant to this paragraph (i) (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) in the event that such indemnified party is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this paragraph (i), in no event will the indemnified party be required to pay any amount to an indemnifying party pursuant to this paragraph (i) the payment of which would place the indemnified party in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the indemnified party would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid. This paragraph shall not be construed to require any indemnified party to make available its Tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to the indemnifying party or any other Person.

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(j)                 Reasonable Efforts. Each Lender agrees that, upon the occurrence of any event giving rise to the operation of Section 3.01(b) with respect to such Lender, it will, if requested by the Borrower in writing, use reasonable efforts to mitigate the effect of any such event, including by designating another Lending Office for any Loan affected by such event and by completing and delivering or filing any Tax-related forms that such Lender is legally able to deliver and that would reduce or eliminate any amount of Taxes required to be deducted or withheld or paid by the Loan Parties.

(k)                Survival. Each party’s obligations under this Section 3.01 shall survive the resignation or replacement of the Administrative Agent or any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Commitments and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all obligations under any Loan Document.

Section 3.02            Illegality. If any Lender reasonably determines that any Law has made it unlawful, or that any Governmental Authority has asserted that it is unlawful, for any Lender or its applicable Lending Office to make, maintain or fund Loans whose interest is determined by reference to the Benchmark or to determine or charge interest rates based upon the Benchmark or any Governmental Authority has imposed material restrictions on the authority of such Lender to purchase or sell, or to take deposits of, Dollars in the applicable interbank market, then, on notice thereof by such Lender to the Borrower through the Administrative Agent, (i) any obligation of such Lender to make or continue Benchmark Rate Loans or to convert Base Rate Loans to Benchmark Rate Loans shall be suspended, and (ii) if such notice asserts the illegality of such Lender making or maintaining Base Rate Loans the interest rate on which is determined by reference to the Adjusted Term SOFR component of the Base Rate, the interest rate on which Base Rate Loans of such Lender shall, if necessary to avoid such illegality, be determined by the Administrative Agent without reference to the Adjusted Term SOFR component of the Base Rate, in each case until such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that the circumstances giving rise to such determination no longer exist. Upon receipt of such notice, (A) with respect to Borrowings denominated in Dollars, the Borrower may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans and shall, upon demand from such Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), prepay or, if applicable, convert all Benchmark Rate Loans of such Lender to Base Rate Loans (the interest rate on which Base Rate Loans of such Lender shall, if necessary to avoid such illegality, be determined by the Administrative Agent without reference to the Benchmark component of the Base Rate), either on the last day of the Interest Period therefor, if such Lender may lawfully continue to maintain such Benchmark Rate Loans to such day, or immediately, if such Lender may not lawfully continue to maintain such Benchmark Rate Loans, or (B) if such notice asserts the illegality of such Lender determining or charging interest rates based upon the Benchmark component of the Base Rate with respect to any Base Rate Loans, the Administrative Agent shall during the period of such suspension compute the Base Rate applicable to such Lender without reference to the Adjusted Term SOFR component thereof until the Administrative Agent is advised in writing by such Lender that it is no longer illegal for such Lender to determine or charge interest rates based upon the Adjusted Term SOFR. Upon any such prepayment or conversion, the Borrower shall also pay accrued interest on the amount so prepaid or converted.

Section 3.03            Inability to Determine Rates If the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders reasonably determine that for any reason in connection with any request for a Benchmark Rate Loan or a conversion to or continuation thereof that (a) adequate and reasonable means do not exist for determining the Benchmark Rate for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Benchmark Rate Loan or in connection with an existing or proposed Base Rate Loan or (b) the Benchmark Rate for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Benchmark Rate Loan does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding such Loan, the Administrative Agent will promptly so notify the Borrower and each Lender. Thereafter, (i) the obligation of the Lenders to make or maintain Benchmark Rate Loans shall be suspended, and (ii) in the event of a determination described in the preceding sentence with respect to the Benchmark Rate component of the Base Rate, the utilization of the Benchmark Rate component in determining the Base Rate shall be suspended, in each case until the Administrative Agent (upon the instruction of the Required Lenders) revokes such notice. Upon receipt of such notice, the Borrower may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for a Borrowing of Base Rate Loans in the amount specified therein; provided however, that if the Borrower and the applicable Lenders cannot agree within a reasonable time on an alternative rate for such Loans, the Borrower may, at its discretion, either (A) prepay such Loans or (B) maintain such Loans outstanding, in which case, the interest rate payable to the applicable Lender on such Loans will be the rate determined by the Administrative Agent as its cost of funds to fund a Borrowing of such Loans with maturities comparable to the Interest Period applicable thereto plus the Applicable Rate.

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Section 3.04            Increased Cost and Reduced Return; Capital Adequacy; Reserves on Benchmark Rate Loans.

(a)                Increased Costs Generally. If any Change in Law shall:

(i)                 impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in by, any Lender, any Issuing Bank;

(ii)               subject any Recipient to any Taxes (other than (A) Indemnified Taxes, (B) Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and (C) Connection Income Taxes) on its loans, loan principal, letters of credit, commitments, or other obligations, or its deposits, reserves, other liabilities or capital attributable thereto; or

(iii)             impose on any Lender, any Issuing Bank or the London interbank market any other condition, cost or expense affecting this Agreement, any Letter of Credit, any participation in a Letter of Credit or Benchmark Rate Loans made by such Lender or any Issuing Bank (other than with respect to Taxes) that is not otherwise accounted for in the determination of the Benchmark Rate or this clause (a);

and the result of any of the foregoing shall be to increase the cost to such Lender or such Issuing Bank of making or maintaining any Loan the interest on which is determined by reference to the Benchmark Rate or, in the case of a Change in Law with respect to Taxes, making or maintaining any Loan (or of maintaining its obligation to make any such Loan), or to increase the cost to such Lender, such Issuing Bank or such other Lender of participating in, issuing or maintaining any Letter of Credit (or of maintaining its obligation to participate in or to issue any Letter of Credit, or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by such Lender or such Issuing Bank (whether of principal, interest or any other amount)) then, from time to time within ten days after demand by such Lender or such Issuing Bank setting forth in reasonable detail such increased costs (with a copy of such demand to the Administrative Agent) (provided that such calculation will not in an way require disclosure of confidential or price-sensitive information or any other information the disclosure of which is prohibited by law), the Borrower will pay to such Lender or such Issuing Bank such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Issuing Bank for such additional costs incurred or reduction suffered. No Lender or Issuing Bank shall request that the Borrower pay any additional amount pursuant to this Section 3.04(a) unless it shall concurrently make similar requests to other borrowers similarly situated and affected by such Change in Law and from whom such Lender or Issuing Bank is entitled to seek similar amounts.

(b)                Capital Requirements. If any Lender or any Issuing Bank reasonably determines that any Change in Law affecting such Lender or such Issuing Bank or any Lending Office of such Lender or such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s holding company, if any, regarding liquidity or capital requirements has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s capital or on the capital of such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s holding company, if any, as a consequence of this Agreement, the Commitments of such Lender or such Issuing Bank or the Loans made by or Letters of Credit issued by it to a level below that which such Lender or such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s holding company could have achieved but for such Change in Law (taking into consideration such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s policies and the policies of such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s holding company with respect to liquidity or capital adequacy), then from time to time upon demand of such Lender or such Issuing Bank setting forth in reasonable detail the charge and the calculation of such reduced rate of return (with a copy of such demand to the Administrative Agent) (provided that such calculation will not in an way require disclosure of confidential or price-sensitive information or any other information the disclosure of which is prohibited by law), the Borrower will pay to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender, such Issuing Bank or such Lender’s or Issuing Bank’s holding company for any such reduction suffered.

(c)                Certificates for Reimbursement. A certificate of a Lender or an Issuing Bank setting forth the amount or amounts necessary to compensate such Lender or such Issuing Bank or their respective holding companies, as the case may be, as specified in subsection (a) or (b) of this Section 3.04 and delivered to the Borrower shall be conclusive absent manifest error. The Borrower shall pay such Lender, as the case may be, the amount shown as due on any such certificate within ten days after receipt thereof.

(d)                Delay in Requests. Failure or delay on the part of any Lender or any Issuing Bank to demand compensation pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 3.04 shall not constitute a waiver of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s right to demand such compensation, provided that the Borrower shall not be required to compensate a Lender or an Issuing Bank pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 3.04 for any increased costs incurred or reductions suffered more than one hundred and eighty days prior to the date that such Lender or such Issuing Bank notifies the Borrower of the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions and of such Lender’s or such Issuing Bank’s intention to claim compensation therefor (except that, if the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions is retroactive, then the 180-day period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof).

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Section 3.05            Funding Losses. Upon written demand of any Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) from time to time, which demand shall set forth in reasonable detail the basis for requesting such amount (provided that such calculation will not in an way require disclosure of confidential or price-sensitive information or any other information the disclosure of which is prohibited by law), the Borrower shall promptly compensate such Lender for and hold such Lender harmless from any loss, cost, liability or expense (excluding loss of anticipated profits or margin) actually incurred by it as a result of:

(a)                any continuation, conversion, payment or prepayment of any Loan other than a Base Rate Loan on a day prior to the last day of the Interest Period for such Loan (whether voluntary, mandatory, automatic, by reason of acceleration, or otherwise);

(b)                any failure by the Borrower (for a reason other than the failure of such Lender to make a Loan) to prepay, borrow, continue or convert any Loan other than a Base Rate Loan on the date or in the amount notified by the Borrower; or

(c)                any assignment of a Benchmark Rate Loan on a day prior to the last day of the Interest Period therefor as a result of a request by the Borrower pursuant to Section 3.07;

including any loss or expense (excluding loss of anticipated profits or margin) actually incurred by reason of the liquidation or reemployment of funds obtained by it to maintain such Loan or from fees payable to terminate the deposits from which such funds were obtained. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Lender may make any demand under this Section 3.05 (i) with respect to the “floor” applicable to a Benchmark Rate Loan or (ii) in connection with any prepayment of interest on Term Loans.

Section 3.06            Matters Applicable to All Requests for Compensation.

(a)                Designation of a Different Lending Office. If any Lender requests compensation under Section 3.04, or the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.01 or if any Lender gives a notice pursuant to Section 3.02, then such Lender shall use reasonable efforts to designate a different Lending Office for funding or booking its Loans hereunder or to assign its rights and obligations hereunder to another of its offices, branches or affiliates, if, in the judgment of such Lender, such designation or assignment (i) would eliminate or reduce amounts payable pursuant to Section 3.01 or Section 3.04, as the case may be, in the future, or eliminate the need for the notice pursuant to Section 3.02, as applicable, and (ii) in each case, would not subject such Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense and would not otherwise be disadvantageous to such Lender in any material economic, legal or regulatory respect.

(b)                Suspension of Lender Obligations. If any Lender requests compensation by the Borrower under Section 3.04, the Borrower may, by notice to such Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), suspend the obligation of such Lender to make or continue Benchmark Rate Loans from one Interest Period to another Interest Period, or to convert Base Rate Loans into Benchmark Rate Loans, until the event or condition giving rise to such request ceases to be in effect (in which case the provisions of Section 3.06(c) shall be applicable); provided that such suspension shall not affect the right of such Lender to receive the compensation so requested.

(c)                Conversion of Benchmark Rate Loans. If any Lender gives notice to the Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) that the circumstances specified in Section 3.02, Section 3.03 or Section 3.04 hereof that gave rise to the conversion of such Lender’s Benchmark Rate Loans no longer exist (which such Lender agrees to do promptly upon such circumstances ceasing to exist) at a time when Benchmark Rate Loans made by other Lenders are outstanding, such Lender’s Base Rate Loans shall be automatically converted, on the first day(s) of the next succeeding Interest Period(s) for such outstanding Benchmark Rate Loans, to the extent necessary so that, after giving effect thereto, all Loans of a given Class held by the Lenders of such Class holding Benchmark Rate Loans and by such Lender are held pro rata (as to principal amounts, interest rate basis, and Interest Periods) in accordance with their respective Pro Rata Shares.

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Section 3.07            Replacement of Lenders Under Certain Circumstances. If (i) any Lender requests compensation under Section 3.04 or ceases to make Benchmark Rate Loans as a result of any condition described in Section 3.02 or Section 3.04, (ii) the Borrower is required to pay any Taxes or additional amounts to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.01 and such Lender has declined or is unable to designate a different Lending Office in accordance with Section 3.01(j), (iii) any Lender is a Non-Consenting Lender, (iv) any Lender does not accept an Extension Offer, (v) (A) any Lender shall become and continue to be a Defaulting Lender and (B) such Defaulting Lender shall fail to cure the default pursuant to Section 2.19(b) within five Business Days after the Borrower’s request that it cure such default or (vi) any other circumstance exists hereunder that gives the Borrower the right to replace a Lender (other than a Disqualified Lender) as a party hereto, then the Borrower may, at its sole expense and effort, upon notice to such Lender and the Administrative Agent, require such Lender to assign and delegate, without recourse (in accordance with and subject to the restrictions contained in, and consents required by, Section 11.07), all of its interests, rights and obligations under this Agreement and the related Loan Documents (other than its existing rights to payments pursuant to Section 3.01 or Section 3.04) to one or more Eligible Assignees that shall assume such obligations (any of which assignee may be another Lender, if a Lender accepts such assignment), provided that:

(a)                the Borrower shall have paid to the Administrative Agent the assignment fee specified in Section 11.07(b)(iv);

(b)                such Lender shall have received payment of an amount equal to the outstanding principal of its Loans and participations in Letters of Credit, accrued interest thereon, accrued fees and all other amounts payable to it hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (including any amounts payable under Section 3.05) from the assignee (to the extent of such outstanding principal and accrued interest and fees) or the Borrower (in the case of all other amounts);

(c)                such Lender being replaced pursuant to this Section 3.07 shall (i) execute and deliver an Assignment and Assumption with respect to such Lender’s Commitment and outstanding Loans and participations in Letters of Credit, and (ii) deliver any Notes evidencing such Loans to the Borrower or Administrative Agent (or a lost or destroyed note indemnity in lieu thereof); provided that the failure of any such Lender to execute an Assignment and Assumption or deliver such Notes shall not render such sale and purchase (and the corresponding assignment) invalid and such assignment shall be recorded in the Register and the Notes shall be deemed to be canceled upon such failure;

(d)                the Eligible Assignee shall become a Lender hereunder and the assigning Lender shall cease to constitute a Lender hereunder with respect to such assigned Loans, Commitments and participations, except with respect to indemnification provisions under this Agreement, which shall survive as to such assigning Lender;

(e)                in the case of any such assignment resulting from a claim for compensation under Section 3.04 or payments required to be made pursuant to Section 3.01, such assignment will result in a reduction in such compensation or payments thereafter;

(f)                 in the case of any such assignment resulting from a Lender being a Non-Consenting Lender, the Eligible Assignee shall consent, at the time of such assignment, to each matter in respect of which such Lender being replaced was a Non-Consenting Lender; and

(g)                such assignment does not conflict with Applicable Laws.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained above, (a) any Lender that acts as an Issuing Bank may not be replaced hereunder at any time that it has any Letter of Credit outstanding hereunder unless arrangements reasonably satisfactory to such Issuing Bank have been made with respect to each such outstanding Letter of Credit (it being agreed that the furnishing of a back-up standby letter of credit an amount equal to 103% of the face amount of such outstanding Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank or the depositing of cash collateral into a cash collateral account in an amount equal to 103% of the face amount of such outstanding Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank shall be deemed to be reasonably satisfactory to such Issuing Bank) and (b) the Lender that acts as the Administrative Agent may not be replaced hereunder except in accordance with the terms of Section 10.09.

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In the event that (i) the Borrower or the Administrative Agent has requested that the Lenders consent to a departure or waiver of any provisions of the Loan Documents or agree to any amendment thereto, (ii) the consent, waiver or amendment in question requires the agreement of each Lender, all affected Lenders or all the Lenders or all affected Lenders with respect to a certain Class or Classes of the Loans and (iii) the Required Lenders, Required Revolving Lenders or Required Facility Lenders, as applicable, have agreed to such consent, waiver or amendment, then any Lender who does not agree to such consent, waiver or amendment shall be deemed a “Non-Consenting Lender.

A Lender shall not be required to make any such assignment or delegation if, prior thereto, as a result of a waiver by such Lender or otherwise, the circumstances entitling the Borrower to require such assignment and delegation cease to apply.

Section 3.08            Survival. All of the Borrower’s obligations under this Article III shall survive termination of the Aggregate Commitments, repayment of all other Obligations hereunder and resignation of the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent.

Article IV.
Conditions Precedent to Borrowings

Section 4.01            Conditions to Initial Borrowing.

The obligation of each Lender to extend credit to the Borrower and of each Issuing Bank to issue Letters of Credit hereunder on the Closing Date is subject only to the satisfaction, or waiver in accordance with Section 11.01, of each of the following conditions precedent, except as otherwise agreed between the Borrower and the Required Lenders:

(a)                The Administrative Agent’s receipt of the following, each of which may be originals, facsimiles or copies in .pdf format, unless otherwise specified:

(i)                 this Agreement, duly executed by the Borrower;

(ii)               a Revolving Loan Note in favor of each Lender requesting a Revolving Loan Note;

(iii)             the Fee Letter, duly executed by the Borrower;

(iv)              the Security Agreement, duly executed by the Borrower;

(v)                original certificated securities (as defined in the UCC), if any, representing Pledged Equity issued by the Restricted Subsidiaries, accompanied by undated stock powers or other applicable transfer powers executed in blank;

(vi)              a Perfection Certificate duly executed by the Borrower on behalf of the Loan Parties;

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(vii)            (A) certificates of good standing from the secretary of state or other applicable office of the state of organization or formation of the Borrower and each other Loan Party, (B) resolutions or other applicable action of the Borrower and each other Loan Party, (C) an incumbency certificate and/or other certificate of Responsible Officers of the Borrower and each other Loan Party, evidencing the identity, authority and capacity of each Responsible Officer thereof authorized to act as a Responsible Officer in connection with this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to which it is a party or is to be a party on the Closing Date, (D) the bylaws or governing documents of such Loan Party as in effect on the Closing Date and (E) the articles or certificate of incorporation or formation (or equivalent), as applicable, of such Loan Party and all amendments thereto, certified as of a recent date by the appropriate Governmental Authority in its jurisdiction of incorporation, organization or formation (or equivalent), as applicable;

(viii)          an opinion from the following special counsel to the Loan Parties, with respect to certain matters of New York and Delaware law: Latham & Watkins LLP;

(ix)              a certificate from the chief financial officer or other officer with equivalent duties of the Borrower as to the Solvency (after giving effect to the Transactions on the Closing Date) of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries (taken as a whole), and certifying  each of the Loan Parties, as applicable, has satisfied each of the conditions set forth in Section 4.01, in substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I; and

(x)                after giving effect to the Transactions, no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.

(b)                All fees and expenses required to be paid hereunder on the Closing Date to the extent invoiced in reasonable detail at least two Business Days prior to the Closing Date (except as otherwise reasonably agreed to by the Borrower) and required to be paid on the Closing Date shall have been paid; provided, that the Lenders hereby agree that the foregoing condition shall be satisfied to the extent such fees and expenses have been received by the Administrative Agent prior to the Closing Date and distributed by the Administrative Agent to the Lenders on or before the second Business Day following the Closing Date.

(c)                The Lenders will have received at least three Business Days prior to the Closing Date, (i) all outstanding documentation and other information about the Loan Parties required under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the Patriot Act and (ii) to the extent the Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, a Beneficial Ownership Certification, that in each case has been requested in writing at least ten business days prior to the Closing Date.

(d)                The representations and warranties set forth in Article V and any other Loan Documents shall be accurate in all material respects (without duplication of any materiality qualifiers therein) on and as of the Closing Date; provided that, to the extent that any such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, they shall be accurate in all material respects (without duplication of any materiality qualifiers therein) as of such earlier date.

Without limiting the generality of the provisions of the last paragraph of Section 10.06(b), for purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in this Section 4.01, each Agent and each Lender that has signed this Agreement or funded Loans hereunder shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required under this Section 4.01 to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to an Agent or a Lender, unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from such Agent or Lender prior to the proposed Closing Date specifying its objection thereto.

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Section 4.02            Conditions to All Borrowings After the Closing Date. Except as set forth herein with respect to Incremental Loans, Credit Agreement Refinancing Indebtedness and Extensions (including Extended Commitments and Extended Loans), and subject to Section 1.08 in all respects, the obligation of each Lender to honor a Committed Loan Notice, of each Issuing Bank to issue, amend, renew or extend any Letter of Credit after the Closing Date, is subject to the following conditions precedent:

(a)                The representations and warranties of the Borrower and each other Loan Party contained in Article V or any other Loan Document shall be true and correct in all material respects on and as of the date of such Borrowing or issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit; provided that, to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, they shall be true and correct in all material respects as of such earlier date; provided further that any representation and warranty that is qualified as to “materiality,” “Material Adverse Effect” or similar language shall be true and correct (after giving effect to any qualification therein) in all respects on such respective dates.

(b)                As of the date of such Borrowing or the date of any issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing on such date (immediately prior to giving effect to the extensions of credit requested to be made) or would result after giving effect to the extensions of credit requested to be made on such date.

(c)                If applicable, the Administrative Agent shall have received a Committed Loan Notice in accordance with the requirements hereof and, if applicable, the applicable Issuing Bank shall have received an Issuance Notice in accordance with the requirements hereof.

(d)                With respect to the first Borrowing under the Revolving Facility following the Closing Date, (i) the first purchase of shares in connection with the tender offer with respect to the Designated Acquisition shall be consummated substantially simultaneously with such first extension of Revolving Loans (the “Initial Extension Date”) and (ii) all fees and expenses required to be paid to any Lenders or Lead Arranger in connection with the Designated Acquisition shall have been paid, it being agreed that such fees and expenses may be paid with the proceeds of the initial funding of the Revolving Facility.

Subject to Section 1.08(f), each Committed Loan Notice (other than a Committed Loan Notice requesting only a conversion of Loans to another Type or a continuation of Benchmark Rate Loans) and each Issuance Notice submitted by the Borrower shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty that the condition specified in Section 4.02(a) and (b) has been satisfied on and as of the date of the applicable Borrowing or issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of a Letter of Credit.

Article V.
Representations and Warranties

The Borrower represents and warrants each of the following to the Lenders, the Issuing Banks, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent, in each case, to the extent and, unless otherwise specifically agreed by the Borrower, only on the dates required by Section 2.16 or Article IV, as applicable.

Section 5.01             Existence, Qualification and Power; Compliance with Laws. Each Loan Party and each Restricted Subsidiary that is a Material Subsidiary,

(a)                is duly organized or formed, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization (to the extent such concepts exist in such jurisdiction);

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(b)                has all corporate or other organizational power and authority to (i) own its assets and carry on its business as currently conducted and (ii) in the case of the Loan Parties, execute, deliver and perform its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party and consummate the Transactions;

(c)                is duly qualified and in good standing (to the extent such concepts exist in such jurisdiction) under the Laws of each jurisdiction where its ownership, lease or operation of properties or the conduct of its business requires such qualification;

(d)                is in compliance with all applicable Laws; and

(e)                has all requisite governmental licenses, authorizations, consents and approvals to operate its business as currently conducted;

except in each case referred to in clauses (c), (d) or (e), to the extent that failure to do so has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.02            Authorization; No Contravention.

(a)                The execution, delivery and performance by each Loan Party of each Loan Document to which it is a party has been duly authorized by all necessary corporate or other organizational action.

(b)                Neither the execution, delivery nor performance by each Loan Party of each Loan Document to which it is a party nor the consummation of the Transactions will,

(i)                 contravene the terms of any of its Organization Documents;

(ii)               result in any breach or contravention of, or the creation of any Lien (other than a Permitted Lien) upon any assets of such Loan Party or any Restricted Subsidiary, under (A) any Contractual Obligation relating to Material Indebtedness or (B) any order, injunction, writ or decree of any Governmental Authority or any arbitral award to which such Loan Party or its property is subject;

(iii)             violate any Applicable Law; or

(iv)              require any approval of stockholders, members or partners or any approval or consent of any Person under any Contractual Obligation relating to Material Indebtedness, except for such approvals or consents which will be obtained on or before the Closing Date;

except with respect to any breach, contravention or violation (but not creation of Liens) referred to in clauses (ii), (iii) and (iv), to the extent that such breach, contravention or violation has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.03            Governmental Authorization. No material approval, consent, exemption, authorization, or other action by, or notice to, or filing with, any Governmental Authority is necessary or required in connection with the execution, delivery or performance by any Loan Party of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, except for,

(a)                filings necessary to perfect the Liens on the Collateral granted by the Loan Parties in favor of the Secured Parties;

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(b)                the approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations, actions, notices and filings that have been duly obtained, taken, given or made and are in full force and effect (except to the extent not required to be obtained, taken, given or made or in full force and effect pursuant to the Collateral Documents); and

(c)                those approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations or other actions, notices or filings, the failure of which to obtain or make has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.04            Binding Effect. This Agreement and each other Loan Document has been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party that is party hereto and thereto. This Agreement and each other Loan Document constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of each Loan Party, enforceable against each Loan Party that is party thereto in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by Debtor Relief Laws and by general principles of equity and principles of good faith and fair dealing.

Section 5.05            Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect.

(a)                The Annual Financial Statements fairly present in all material respects the financial condition of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as of the dates thereof and their results of operations for the period covered thereby in accordance with GAAP (as in effect on the Closing Date (or the date of preparation)) consistently applied throughout the periods covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein.

(b)                Since December 31, 2022, there has been no event or circumstance, either individually or in the aggregate, that has resulted in, or is reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(c)                The forecasts of consolidated balance sheets and statements of comprehensive income (loss) of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries which have been furnished to the Administrative Agent prior to the Closing Date, when taken as a whole, have been prepared in good faith on the basis of the assumptions stated therein, which assumptions were believed to be reasonable at the time made and at the time the forecasts are delivered, it being understood that (i) no forecasts are to be viewed as facts, (ii) any forecasts are subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the control of the Loan Parties, (iii) no assurance can be given that any particular forecasts will be realized and (iv) actual results may differ and such differences may be material.

Section 5.06            Litigation. Except as set forth in Schedule 5.06, there are no actions, suits, proceedings, claims or disputes pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrower, overtly threatened in writing, at law, in equity, in arbitration or before any Governmental Authority, by or against the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries that has resulted in, or is reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.07            Labor Matters. Except as set forth on Schedule 5.07 or except as has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect: (a) there are no strikes or other labor disputes against any of the Borrower or the Restricted Subsidiaries pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrower, threatened and (b) hours worked by and payment made based on hours worked to employees of the Borrower or a Restricted Subsidiary have not been in material violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act or any other Applicable Laws dealing with wage and hour matters.

Section 5.08            Ownership of Property; Liens. Each Loan Party and each Restricted Subsidiary has good and valid record title in fee simple to, or valid leasehold interests in, or easements or other limited property interests in, all real property necessary in the ordinary conduct of its business, free and clear of all Liens except for Permitted Liens and except where the failure to have such title or other interest has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

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Section 5.09            Environmental Matters.

(a)                Except as has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries are in compliance with all applicable Environmental Laws (including having obtained all Environmental Permits for the operation of the business or property of the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries as presently conducted) and (ii) none of the Loan Parties or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries is subject to any pending, or to the knowledge of the Loan Parties, threatened Environmental Claim or any other Environmental Liability or is aware of any existing facts or circumstances that would reasonably be expected to result in the Loan Parties or any Restricted Subsidiaries becoming subject to any Environmental Liability.

(b)                None of the Loan Parties or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries has used, released, treated, stored, transported or disposed of Hazardous Materials, at or from any currently or formerly owned or operated real estate or facility relating to its business, in a manner that has resulted in, or would reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in any Environmental Liability that would have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.10            Taxes. The Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries have filed all federal, state and other (including foreign) tax returns and reports required to be filed, and have paid all federal, state and other (including foreign) Taxes levied or imposed upon them or their properties, income or assets otherwise due and payable, except (a) Taxes that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which adequate reserves have been provided in accordance with GAAP or (b) to the extent that the failure to do so has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.11            ERISA Compliance.

(a)                Except, as set forth in Schedule 5.11(a) or, with respect to each of the below clauses of this Section 5.11(a), as has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in Material Adverse Effect,

(i)                 no ERISA Event has occurred in the past five years or is reasonably expected to occur;

(ii)               neither the Borrower, nor any Subsidiary Guarantor nor any of their respective ERISA Affiliates has engaged in a transaction in the past five years that is subject to Sections 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA; and

(iii)             neither the Borrower, nor any Subsidiary Guarantor nor any ERISA Affiliate has been notified by the sponsor of a Multiemployer Plan that such Multiemployer Plan is insolvent (within the meaning of Section 4245 of ERISA) or has been determined to be in “endangered” or “critical” status (within the meaning of Section 432 of the Code or Section 305 of ERISA) and, to the knowledge of the Borrower, no such Multiemployer Plan is expected to be insolvent or in endangered or critical status.

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Section 5.12            Subsidiaries. As of the Closing Date, all of the outstanding Equity Interests in the Borrower and each Material Subsidiary have been validly issued and are fully paid and (if applicable) non-assessable, and all Equity Interests owned by the Borrower or any Subsidiary Guarantor in any of their respective direct Material Subsidiaries are owned free and clear of all Liens (other than Permitted Liens) securing Indebtedness of any Person. As of the Closing Date, Schedule 5.12 (i) sets forth the name and jurisdiction of each Subsidiary, (ii) sets forth the ownership interest of the Borrower and each Subsidiary in each Subsidiary, including the percentage of such ownership and (iii) identifies each Subsidiary that is a Subsidiary the Equity Interests of which are required to be pledged on the Closing Date pursuant to the Collateral Documents.

Section 5.13            Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act.

(a)                As of the Closing Date, none of the Collateral is Margin Stock. No Loan Party is engaged nor will it engage, principally or as one of its important activities, in the business of purchasing or carrying Margin Stock (within the meaning of Regulation U issued by the FRB), or extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying Margin Stock, and no proceeds of any Borrowings or issuance of, or drawings under, any Letter of Credit will be used for any purpose that violates Regulation U.

(b)                Neither the Borrower nor any Guarantor is required to be registered as an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

Section 5.14            Disclosure. As of the Closing Date, no financial statement, material report, material certificate or other material information furnished (whether in writing or orally but excluding any information of a general economic or general industry nature) by or on behalf of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary thereof to the Administrative Agent or any Lender in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby and the negotiation of this Agreement or delivered hereunder (as modified or supplemented by other information so furnished), taken together as a whole, contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that, with respect to projected financial information, pro forma financial information, estimated financial information and other projected or estimated information, such information was prepared in good faith based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable at the time made (it being recognized by the Lenders that (i) projections are not to be viewed as facts, (ii) projections are subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the control of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries and (iii) that the actual results during the period or periods covered by such projections may vary from such projections by a material amount).

Section 5.15            Intellectual Property; Licenses, Etc. The Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries own or have a valid right to use, all the intellectual property necessary for the operation of their respective businesses as currently conducted, except where the failure to have any such rights, has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect. To the knowledge of the Borrower, the operation of the respective businesses of the Borrower and the Restricted Subsidiaries as currently conducted does not infringe upon, misappropriate or violate any intellectual property rights held by any Person except for such infringements, misappropriations or violations that have not resulted in, or are not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in, a Material Adverse Effect. No claim or litigation regarding any Intellectual Property owned by the Borrower or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries is pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrower, threatened against the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, that, has resulted in, or is reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.16            Solvency. On the Closing Date after giving effect to the Transactions, the Borrower and its Subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are Solvent.

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Section 5.17            USA PATRIOT Act, FCPA and OFAC.

(a)                To the extent applicable, each of the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries is in compliance, in all material respects, with (i) the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended, and each of the foreign assets control regulations of the United States Treasury Department (31 CFR, Subtitle B, Chapter V, as amended) and any other enabling legislation or executive order relating thereto and (ii) the USA PATRIOT Act and other similar anti-money laundering rules and regulations.

(b)                Each of the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries, and their respective officers, directors and employees, and to the Borrower’s knowledge, their respective agents, Affiliates and representatives, have conducted their businesses in compliance in all material respects with the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 and other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions. The Borrower will not directly, or to its knowledge indirectly, and will not permit any of its Subsidiaries to use the proceeds of the Loans or Letters of Credit in violation of the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 or other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions.

(c)                None of the Loan Parties or any of the Restricted Subsidiaries, nor, to the knowledge of the Borrower, any director, officer, agent, employee, Affiliate or representative thereof, is an individual or entity that is, or is owned or controlled by any individual or entity that is, (i) the subject or target of any Sanctions, (ii) included on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals, HMT’s Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets, the Investment Ban List or any other Sanctions list, or (iii) located, organized or resident in a Designated Jurisdiction, in each case, to the extent it would be in violation of Applicable Law. The Borrower will not directly, or to its knowledge indirectly, use the proceeds of the Loans or Letters of Credit or otherwise knowingly make available such proceeds to any Person, for the purpose of financing the activities of any Person that, at the time of such financing, is (i) the subject or target of any Sanctions, (ii) included on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals, HMT’s Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets, the Investment Ban List or any other Sanctions list, or (iii) located, organized or resident in a Designated Jurisdiction, in each case, to the extent it would be in violation of Applicable Law.

(d)                Each of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries has implemented and maintains in effect policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance by the Borrower and its Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officers, employees, agents and Affiliates with the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 or other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions, the USA PATRIOT Act and other similar anti-money laundering rules and regulations and applicable Sanctions.

Section 5.18            Collateral Documents. Except as otherwise contemplated hereby or under any other Loan Documents, the provisions of the Collateral Documents, together with such filings and other actions required to be taken hereby or by the applicable Collateral Documents or contemplated by the Collateral Documents (including the delivery to Collateral Agent of any Pledged Debt and any Pledged Equity required to be delivered pursuant to the applicable Collateral Documents), are effective to create in favor of the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties a legal, valid and enforceable perfected first priority Lien (subject to Permitted Liens) on all right, title and interest of the Borrower and the applicable Subsidiary Guarantors, respectively, in the Collateral described therein.

Section 5.19             Use of Proceeds. The Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries have used the proceeds of the Loans and the Letters of Credit issued hereunder only in compliance (and not in contravention of) Applicable Laws and each Loan Document.

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Section 5.20            Healthcare Matters.

(a)                Except in each case as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect: (i) each Loan Party has all Permits from the FDA or other Governmental Authority, and each such Permit is valid and subsisting in full force and effect; (ii) to the knowledge of Borrower, (x) all applications, notifications, submissions and reports provided by Borrower with respect to such Permits, including any such Permits required in connection with a Specified Product were true, complete, and correct in as of the date of submission to FDA or other Governmental Authority, or were corrected by subsequent submission and (y) all Health Care Activities related to the Specified Products are, and since May 1, 2020 (or, in the case, of Apraglutide, the closing dating of the Designated Acquistion), have been in compliance with all applicable Health Care Laws; (iii) since May 1, 2020 (or, in the case, of Apraglutide, the closing dating of the Designated Acquistion) there have been no recalls, field alerts, “dear doctor” letters, investigator notices, safety alerts or other notices of action relating to an alleged lack of safety, efficacy, or regulatory compliance of the Specified Products; and (iv) since May 1, 2020 (or, in the case, of Apraglutide, the closing dating of the Designated Acquistion), the Borrower has not received any written notices from the FDA or other Governmental Authority or from any institutional review board or ethics committee or comparable authority requesting or requiring the termination, suspension, or clinical hold of any ongoing or proposed clinical studies with respect to the Specified Products.

(b)                Since May 1, 2020 (or, in the case, of Apraglutide, the closing dating of the Designated Acquistion) neither the Borrower nor, to its knowledge, any of its Affiliates, has been debarred, suspended or excluded, or has been convicted of any crime that would reasonably be expected to result in a debarment, suspension or exclusion by FDA or from any federal or state government health care program.

(c)                Since May 1, 2020 (or, in the case, of Apraglutide, the closing dating of the Designated Acquistion), no Loan Party has received written notice that the FDA or any other Governmental Authority is threatening the limitation, suspension or revocation of any Permits required under any applicable Health Care Law or changing the labeling of any Specified Products under such Permits, where such limitation, suspension, revocation, or change would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Article VI.
Affirmative Covenants

So long as the Termination Conditions have not been satisfied, the Borrower shall, and shall (except in the case of the covenants set forth in Section 6.01, Section 6.02 and Section 6.03) cause each of the Restricted Subsidiaries to:

Section 6.01            Financial Statements. Deliver to the Administrative Agent for prompt further distribution by the Administrative Agent to each Lender each of the following:

(a)                Audited Annual Financial Statements. Within one hundred five days after the end of each fiscal year of the Borrower (commencing with the first fiscal year ending after the Closing Date), a consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal year, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for such fiscal year together with related notes thereto, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the previous fiscal year (if ending after the Closing Date), prepared in accordance with GAAP, audited and accompanied by a report and opinion of the Borrower’s auditor on the Closing Date or any other accounting firm of nationally or regionally recognized standing or another accounting firm reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, which report and opinion shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and shall not be subject to any qualification as to the Borrower’s ability to continue as a “going concern”, other than any such qualification resulting from or relating to (i) an actual or anticipated breach of any financial covenant, (ii) an upcoming maturity date, (iii) activities, operations, financial results or liabilities of any Person other than the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries or (iv) changes in accounting principles or practices.

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(b)                Quarterly Financial Statements. Within sixty days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year of the Borrower (commencing with the first such full fiscal quarter ended after the Closing Date), (i) a condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal quarter, (ii) the related condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for such fiscal quarter and for the portion of the fiscal year then ended and (iii) the related condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the portion of the fiscal year then ended, setting forth, in each case of clauses (ii) and (iii), in comparative form, the figures for the corresponding fiscal quarter of the previous fiscal year and the corresponding portion of the previous fiscal year, in each case if ended after the Closing Date, certified by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower as fairly presenting in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries in material compliance with GAAP, subject to year-end adjustments and the absence of footnotes.

(c)                Unrestricted Subsidiaries. Simultaneously with the delivery of each set of consolidated financial statements referred to in Section 6.01(a) and Section 6.01(b), such supplemental financial information (which need not be audited) as is necessary to eliminate the accounts of Unrestricted Subsidiaries (if any) from such consolidated financial statements.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the obligations in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section 6.01 may be satisfied with respect to financial information of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries by filing the Borrower’s Form 10-K or 10-Q, as applicable, filed with the SEC by the deadlines applicable to such filings (if later than the deadlines set forth in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section 6.01); provided that to the extent such information is in lieu of information required to be provided under Section 6.01(a), such materials are accompanied by a report and opinion of the Borrower’s auditor on the Closing Date, any other accounting firm of nationally or regionally recognized standing or another accounting firm reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, which report and opinion shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and shall not be subject to any qualification as to the Borrower’s ability to continue as a “going concern”, other than any such qualification resulting from or relating to (i) an actual or anticipated breach of the financial covenants set forth in Section 8.01, (ii) an upcoming maturity date, (iii) activities, operations, financial results or liabilities of any Person other than the Loan Parties and the Restricted Subsidiaries or (iv) changes in accounting principles or practices. Any financial statements required to be delivered pursuant to this Section 6.01 shall not be required to contain business combination accounting adjustments to the extent it is not practicable to include any such adjustments in such financial statements.

Section 6.02            Certificates; Other Information. Deliver to the Administrative Agent for prompt further distribution by the Administrative Agent to each Lender each of the following:

(a)                Compliance Certificate. No later than five Business Days after the delivery of the financial statements referred to in Section 6.01(a) and Section 6.01(b), a duly completed Compliance Certificate.

(b)                SEC Filings. Promptly after the same are publicly available, copies of all annual, regular, periodic and special reports, proxy statements and registration statements which the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary files with the SEC (other than amendments to any registration statement (to the extent such registration statement, in the form it became effective, is delivered to the Administrative Agent), exhibits to any registration statement and, if applicable, any registration statement on Form S-8), and in any case not otherwise required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to any other clause of this Section 6.02; provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, the obligations in this Section 6.02(b) may be satisfied by causing such information to be publicly available on the SEC’s EDGAR website or another publicly available reporting service.

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(c)                Information Regarding Collateral. The Borrower agrees to notify the Collateral Agent (within thirty calendar days after the occurrence of such event) of any change,

(i)                 in the legal name of any Person required to be a Loan Party;

(ii)               in the identity or type of organization of any Person required to be a Loan Party;

(iii)             in the jurisdiction of organization of any Person required to be a Loan Party; or

(iv)              in the location (within the meaning of Section 9-307 of the UCC) of any Person (to the extent not a “registered organization” (as defined in Section 9-102 of the UCC)) required to be a Loan Party.

(d)                Reports Delivered to Other Creditors. Promptly after the furnishing thereof, copies of any material statements or material reports furnished to all holders of any class or series of debt of any Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary (in their capacities as such) having an aggregate outstanding principal amount then outstanding greater than the Threshold Amount and not otherwise required to be furnished to the Administrative Agent.

(e)                Perfection Certificate Supplement. Together with the delivery of a Compliance Certificate with respect to the financial statements referred to in Section 6.01(a), the information required pursuant to the Perfection Certificate with respect to any Intellectual Property that constitutes Collateral or confirming that there has been no change in such information since the date of the Perfection Certificate or the date of the most recent information delivered pursuant to this Section 6.02(e).

(f)                 Other Information. Such additional information (i) regarding the business operations of any Loan Party or any Material Subsidiary that is a Restricted Subsidiary as the Administrative Agent may from time to time on its own behalf or on behalf of the Required Lenders reasonably request and (ii) as may be reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent or any Lender through the Administrative Agent for purposes of compliance with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the USA PATRIOT Act and the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.

Documents required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01 or Section 6.02 may be delivered electronically and if so delivered, shall be deemed to have been delivered on the date (i) on which the Borrower posts such documents, or provides a link thereto, on the Borrower’s website on the Internet at the website addresses listed on Section 11.02, or (ii) on which such documents are posted on the Borrower’s behalf on Merrill Datasite One, Syndtrak or another relevant website, and which such website is disclosed to the Administrative Agent, if any, to which each Lender and the Administrative Agent have access (whether a commercial, third-party website or whether sponsored by the Administrative Agent); provided that (A) upon written request by the Administrative Agent, the Borrower shall deliver paper copies of such documents to the Administrative Agent for further distribution to each Lender until a written request to cease delivering paper copies is given by the Administrative Agent and (B) the Borrower shall notify (which may be by facsimile or electronic mail) the Administrative Agent of the posting of any such documents and provide to the Administrative Agent by electronic mail electronic versions (i.e., soft copies) of such documents. Each Lender shall be solely responsible for timely accessing posted documents or requesting delivery of paper copies of such documents from the Administrative Agent and maintaining its copies of such documents.

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The Borrower hereby acknowledges that (a) the Administrative Agent and/or the Lead Arrangers will make available to the Lenders materials and/or information provided by or on behalf of the Borrower hereunder (collectively, “Borrower Materials”) by posting the Borrower Materials on Merrill Datasite One, Syndtrak or another similar electronic system (the “Platform”) and (b) certain of the Lenders may have personnel who do not wish to receive any information with respect to the Borrower or its Subsidiaries, or the respective securities of any of the foregoing, that is not Public-Side Information, and who may be engaged in investment and other market-related activities with respect to such Person’s securities. The Borrower hereby agrees that (i) all Borrower Materials that are to be made available to Public Lenders shall be clearly and conspicuously marked “PUBLIC” which, at a minimum, shall mean that the word “PUBLIC” shall appear prominently on the first page thereof (and by doing so shall be deemed to have represented that such information contains only Public-Side Information); (ii) by marking Borrower Materials “PUBLIC,” the Borrower shall be deemed to have authorized the Administrative Agent, the Lead Arrangers and the Lenders to treat such Borrower Materials as containing only Public-Side Information (provided however, that to the extent such Borrower Materials constitute Information, they shall be treated as set forth in Section 11.08); (iii) all Borrower Materials marked “PUBLIC” are permitted to be made available through a portion of the Platform designated “Public-Side Information”; and (iv) the Administrative Agent and/or the Lead Arrangers shall be entitled to treat any Borrower Materials that are not marked “PUBLIC” as being suitable only for posting on a portion of the Platform not designated “Public-Side Information.

For the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing shall be subject to the provisions of Section 11.08.

Section 6.03            Notices. Promptly after a Responsible Officer obtains actual knowledge thereof, notify the Administrative Agent for prompt further notification by the Administrative Agent to each Lender of:

(a)                the occurrence and continuation of any Default or Event of Default;

(b)                (i) any dispute, litigation, investigation or proceeding between the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary and any arbitrator or Governmental Authority or (ii) the filing or commencement of, or any material development in, any litigation or proceeding affecting the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary, or (iii) the occurrence of any ERISA Event that, in any such case referred to in clause (i) through (iii), has resulted, or is reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and

(c)                (i) any written notice received from any Governmental Authority alleging any potential or actual material violations of any applicable Health Care Law, (ii) any written notice that the FDA (or international equivalent) has limited, suspended or revoked any Permit affecting the Specified Products, (iii) any written notice that the Borrower has become subject to any administrative or regulatory enforcement action, proceeding or investigation issued by the FDA or other Governmental Authority with respect to any of the Specified Products,(iv) notice of the exclusion or debarment from any governmental healthcare program or debarment or disqualification by FDA of the Borrower, (v) any written notice that a Specified Product has been seized, withdrawn, recalled or subject to a suspension of manufacturing by a Governmental Authority, (vi) any written notice that FDA or other Governmental Authority is adversely changing labeling of any Specified Product under any such Permit, or (vii) the receipt of written notice, or occurrence of any decision, to conduct a voluntary or mandatory recall, withdrawal, removal, suspension of manufacturing or marketing, or discontinuation of any Specified Product, in each case of clauses (i) through (vii), to the extent such notice would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Each notice pursuant to this Section 6.03 shall be accompanied by a written statement of a Responsible Officer of the Borrower setting forth a summary description of the occurrence referred to therein and stating what action the Borrower has taken and proposes to take with respect thereto. For the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing shall be subject to the provisions of Section 11.08.

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Section 6.04            Payment of Certain Taxes. Pay all federal, state and other (including foreign) Taxes levied or imposed upon it or upon its properties, income or assets otherwise due and payable, except (a) Taxes that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which adequate reserves have been provided in accordance with GAAP or (b) to the extent that the failure to do so could has not resulted, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 6.05            Preservation of Existence, Etc.

(a)                Preserve, renew and maintain in full force and effect its legal existence under the Applicable Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, as applicable; and

(b)                take all reasonable action to preserve, renew and keep in full force and effect those of its rights (including with respect to Intellectual Property), licenses, permits, privileges, and franchises, that are material to the conduct of the business of the Loan Parties taken as a whole;

except in the case of clause (a) or (b), (i) in connection with a transaction permitted by the Loan Documents (including transactions permitted by Section 7.04 or Section 7.05), (ii) with respect to any Immaterial Subsidiary, or (iii) except with respect to the Borrower under clause (a), to the extent that failure to do so has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 6.06            Maintenance of Properties. Maintain, preserve and protect all of its material properties and equipment used in the operation of its business in good working order, repair and condition (ordinary wear and tear excepted and casualty or condemnation excepted), except to the extent the failure to do so has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 6.07            Maintenance of Insurance.

(a)                Except when the failure to do so has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect, maintain or cause to be maintained with insurance companies that the Borrower believes (in the good faith judgment of its management) are financially sound and reputable at the time the relevant coverage is placed or renewed, insurance (other than flood insurance) with respect to its properties and business against loss or damage of the kinds customarily insured against by Persons engaged in the same or similar business in such amounts (after giving effect to any self-insurance) as are customarily carried under similar circumstances by such other Persons, and furnish to the Administrative Agent, which, absent a continuing Event of Default, shall not be made more than once in any twelve month period, upon reasonable written request from the Administrative Agent, information presented in reasonable detail as to the insurance so carried.

(b)                Subject to Section 6.15, each such policy of insurance shall as appropriate and is customary and, with respect to jurisdictions outside the United States, to the extent available in such jurisdiction without undue cost or expense,

(i)                 name the Collateral Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties, as an additional insured thereunder (with respect to liability insurance), and

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(ii)               to the extent covering Collateral in the case of property insurance, contain a loss payable clause or endorsement that names the Collateral Agent, on behalf of the Secured Parties, as the loss payee thereunder;

provided that (A) absent a Specified Event of Default that is continuing, any proceeds of any such insurance shall be delivered by the insurer(s) to the Borrower or one of its Subsidiaries and may be applied in accordance with (or, if this Agreement does not provide for application of such proceeds, in a manner that is not prohibited by) this Agreement and (B) this Section 6.07(b) shall not be applicable to (1) business interruption insurance, workers’ compensation policies, employee liability policies or directors and officers policies, (2) policies to the extent the Collateral Agent cannot have an insurable interest therein or is unable to be named as an additional insured or loss payee thereunder or (3) the extent unavailable from the relevant insurer after the Borrower’s use of its commercially reasonable efforts.

Section 6.08            Compliance with Laws. (a) Comply with the requirements of all Applicable Laws (including applicable Environmental Laws) applicable to it or to its business or property, except to the extent the failure to comply therewith has not resulted in, or is not reasonably expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (b) comply in all material respects with the requirements of USA PATRIOT Act, FCPA, OFAC, UK Bribery Act of 2010 and other anti-terrorism, anti-corruption and anti-money laundering Laws; provided that the requirements set forth in this Section 6.08, as they pertain to compliance by any Foreign Subsidiary with the USA PATRIOT ACT, FCPA, OFAC and UK Bribery Act of 2010 are subject to and limited by any Applicable Law applicable to such Foreign Subsidiary in its relevant local jurisdiction and (c) maintain in effect and enforce policies and procedures designed to promote and achieve compliance by the Borrower, its Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officers, employees and agents with the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 or other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions, the USA PATRIOT Act and other similar anti-money laundering rules and regulations and applicable Sanctions.

Section 6.09            Books and Records. Maintain proper books of record and account in which entries that are full, true and correct in all material respects shall be made of all material financial transactions and material matters involving the assets and business of the Borrower or such Restricted Subsidiary, as the case may be (it being understood and agreed that Foreign Subsidiaries may maintain individual books and records in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in their respective countries of organization or operations and that such maintenance shall not constitute a breach of the representations, warranties or covenants hereunder), in each case, to the extent necessary to prepare the financial statements described in Section 6.01(a) and Section 6.01(b).

Section 6.10            Inspection Rights. Permit representatives of the Administrative Agent and Required Lenders to visit and inspect any of its properties, to examine its financial and operating records, and make copies thereof or abstracts therefrom and to discuss its affairs, finances and accounts with its officers and independent public accountants (subject to such accountants’ policies and procedures), all at the reasonable expense of the Borrower and at such reasonable times during normal business hours and as often as may be reasonably desired, upon reasonable advance notice to the Borrower; provided that (a) excluding any such visits and inspections during the continuation of an Event of Default, only the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders may exercise rights under this Section 6.10 and the Administrative Agent shall not exercise such rights more often than one time during any calendar year absent the continuation of an Event of Default and only one such time shall be at the Borrower’s expense, (b) when an Event of Default is continuing, the Administrative Agent or the Required Lenders (or any of their respective representatives) may do any of the foregoing at the expense of the Borrower at any time during normal business hours and upon reasonable advance notice and (c) such obligations shall in all events be subject to the rights of lessees or sublessees and to any restrictions or limitations in any applicable lease, sublease, Contractual Obligation or other written occupancy arrangement to which any Loan Party or Restricted Subsidiary is bound. The Administrative Agent shall give the Borrower the opportunity to participate in any discussions with the Borrower’s independent public accountants. For the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing shall be subject to the provisions of Section 11.08.

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Section 6.11            Covenant to Guarantee Obligations and Give Security.

(a)                Personal Property. Subject to any applicable limitation in any Loan Document (including Section 6.12), at the Borrower’s expense, take the following actions within ninety days of the occurrence of any Grant Event (or such longer period as the Collateral Agent may agree in its reasonable discretion):

(i)                 cause the Restricted Subsidiary subject of the Grant Event to execute and deliver the Guaranty (or a joinder thereto), which may be accomplished by executing a Guaranty Supplement;

(ii)               cause the Restricted Subsidiary subject of the Grant Event to execute and deliver the Security Agreement (or a supplement thereto), which may be accomplished by executing a Security Agreement Supplement;

(iii)             cause the Restricted Subsidiary subject of the Grant Event to execute and deliver any applicable Intellectual Property Security Agreements with respect to registered intellectual property that it owns and that constitutes Collateral;

(iv)              cause the Restricted Subsidiary subject of the Grant Event (and any Loan Party of which such Restricted Subsidiary is a direct Subsidiary) to (A) deliver any and all certificates representing its Equity Interests (to the extent certificated and, with respect to any such Person that is not a corporation if such Person has “opted into” Article 8 of the Uniform Commercial Code) that constitute Collateral and are required to be delivered pursuant to the Security Agreement, accompanied by undated stock powers or other appropriate instruments of transfer executed in blank (or any other documents customary under local law), (B) execute and deliver a counterparty signature page to the Global Intercompany Note (or a joinder thereto), and (C) deliver all instruments evidencing Indebtedness held by such Restricted Subsidiary that constitute Collateral and are required to be delivered pursuant to the Security Agreement, endorsed in blank, to the Collateral Agent and (D) if such Restricted Subsidiary is a Foreign Subsidiary, deliver such additional security documents and enter into additional collateral arrangements in the jurisdiction of such Foreign Subsidiary reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent;

(v)                upon the reasonable request of the Administrative Agent, take and cause the Restricted Subsidiary the subject of the Grant Event and each direct or indirect parent of such Restricted Subsidiary that is required to become a Subsidiary Guarantor pursuant to this Agreement that directly holds Equity Interests in such Restricted Subsidiary to take such customary actions as may be necessary in the reasonable opinion of the Administrative Agent to vest in the Collateral Agent (or in any representative of the Collateral Agent designated by it) perfected Liens (subject to Permitted Liens) in the Equity Interests of such Restricted Subsidiary and the personal property and fixtures of such Restricted Subsidiary to the extent required by the Loan Documents, enforceable against all third parties in accordance with their terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by Debtor Relief Laws and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforcement is sought in equity or at law);

(vi)              upon request of the Administrative Agent deliver to the Administrative Agent a signed copy of a customary opinion, addressed to the Administrative Agent and the other Secured Parties, of counsel for the Loan Parties as to such matters set forth in this Section 6.11(a) as the Administrative Agent may reasonably request; provided that such matters are not inconsistent with those addressed in opinions delivered on the Closing Date or customary market practice;

provided that,

(A)              without limiting the obligations set forth above, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent will consult in good faith with the Borrower to reduce any stamp, filing or similar taxes imposed as a result of the actions described in the foregoing provisions.

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Section 6.12            Further Assurances. Subject to Section 6.11 and any applicable limitations in any Collateral Document, and in each case at the expense of the Borrower, promptly upon the reasonable request by the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent (a) correct any material defect or error that may be discovered in the execution, acknowledgment, filing or recordation of any Collateral Document or other document or instrument relating to any Collateral and (b) do, execute, acknowledge, deliver, record, re-record, file, re-file, register and re-register any and all such further acts, deeds, certificates, assurances and other instruments as the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent may reasonably request from time to time in order to carry out more effectively the purposes of the Collateral Documents.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any Loan Document, neither the Borrower, nor any Restricted Subsidiary will be required, nor will the Administrative Agent or the Collateral Agent be authorized, without the consent of the Borrower (which may be provided or withheld in its sole discretion),

(a)                to perfect security interests in the Collateral other than by,

(i)                 “all asset” filings pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code in the office of the secretary of state (or similar central filing office) of the relevant state(s);

(ii)               customary filings in (A) the United States Patent and Trademark Office with respect to any U.S. registered patents and trademarks and (B) the United States Copyright Office of the Library of Congress with respect to material copyright registrations, in the case of each of (A) and (B), constituting Collateral; and

(iii)             delivery to the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent (or a bailee or other agent of the Administrative Agent or Collateral Agent) to be held in its possession of all Collateral consisting of (A) certificates representing Pledged Equity, and (B) promissory notes and other instruments constituting Collateral, in each case, in the manner provided in the Collateral Documents; provided that promissory notes and instruments having an aggregate principal amount equal to the Pledged Collateral Threshold or less need not be delivered to the Collateral Agent;

(b)                to take any action (i) outside of the United States with respect to any assets located outside of the United States, (ii) in any non-U.S. jurisdiction or (iii) required by the laws of any non-U.S. jurisdiction to create, perfect or maintain any security interest or otherwise (it being understood no security agreement or pledge agreement governed by the laws of any non-U.S. jurisdiction shall be required); or

(c)                to take any action with respect to perfecting a Lien with respect to letters of credit, letter of credit rights, commercial tort claims, chattel paper or assets subject to a certificate of title or similar statute (in each case, other than the filing of customary “all asset” UCC-1 financing statements), in each case, unless required by the terms of the Security Agreement or the relevant Collateral Document.

In no event shall (A) control agreements, lockboxes or similar arrangements be required with respect to any Collateral (including, without limitation, deposit or securities accounts), or (B) any Loan Party be required to grant any mortgage on real property or seek any landlord lien waiver, bailee letter, estoppel, warehouseman waiver or other collateral access or similar letter or agreement. Further, the Loan Parties shall not be required to perform any periodic collateral reporting, if any, with any frequency greater than once per fiscal year (provided that this clause shall not limit the obligation of the Loan Parties to comply with Section 6.02(c) or Section 6.11).

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Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 6.12, if any Foreign Subsidiary is designated as a Loan Party in accordance with the proviso at the end of the definition of “Excluded Subsidiary”, then the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Collateral Agent shall mutually agree to such exceptions to the foregoing provisions with respect to the Equity Interests and assets of such Foreign Subsidiary; provided that until such time as the Administrative Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Borrower agree to such exceptions, any such Foreign Subsidiary shall not constitute a “Loan Party” for purposes of baskets applicable to Loan Parties.

It is understood and agreed that property acquired (x) in a Permitted Acquisition that secures Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 7.03(l) or (y) with purchase money Indebtedness permitted pursuant to Section 7.03(d) (collectively, “Liened Property”), that is not permitted to be pledged pursuant to the agreements governing such permitted Indebtedness, is not required to be Collateral for the Obligations until the date that is thirty days following the date the Indebtedness that the Liened Property secures is repaid, refinanced or otherwise replaced.

Section 6.13            Designation of Subsidiaries. The Borrower may at any time designate any Restricted Subsidiary as an Unrestricted Subsidiary or designate (or re-designate, as the case may be) any Unrestricted Subsidiary as a Restricted Subsidiary; provided that:

(a)                immediately before and after such designation (or re-designation), (i) no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing and (ii) the Borrower and its Restricted Subsidiaries shall be in compliance with the financial covenants set forth in Section 8.01 on a Pro Forma Basis; and

(b)                the Investment resulting from the designation of such Restricted Subsidiary as an Unrestricted Subsidiary as described above is permitted by Section 7.02.

The designation of any Subsidiary as an Unrestricted Subsidiary shall constitute an Investment by the Borrower therein at the date of designation in an amount equal to the fair market value as of such date of the Borrower’s or its Restricted Subsidiary’s (as applicable) Investment(s) to date therein. The designation of any Unrestricted Subsidiary as a Restricted Subsidiary shall constitute the incurrence at the time of designation of any Indebtedness and Liens of such Subsidiary existing at such time and a return on any Investment by the Borrower in Unrestricted Subsidiaries pursuant to the preceding sentence in an amount equal to the fair market value at the date of such designation of the Borrower’s or its Restricted Subsidiary’s (as applicable) Investment in such Subsidiary. Except as set forth in this paragraph or otherwise provided for herein, no Investment will be deemed to exist or have been made, and no Indebtedness or Liens shall be deemed to have been incurred or exist, by virtue of a Subsidiary becoming an Excluded Subsidiary or an Excluded Subsidiary becoming a Restricted Subsidiary. For all purposes hereunder, the designation of a Subsidiary as an Unrestricted Subsidiary shall be deemed to constitute a concurrent designation of any Subsidiary of such Subsidiary as an Unrestricted Subsidiary. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any Loan Document (i) no Subsidiary may be designated as an Unrestricted Subsidiary if such Subsidiary or any of its Subsidiaries owns any Equity Interests of, or owns or holds any Lien on any property of, the Borrower or any Restricted Subsidiary that is not a Subsidiary of the Subsidiary to be so designated. Notwithstanding the foregoing no Subsidiary may be designated as an Unrestricted Subsidiary if such Subsidiary or any of its Subsidiaries owns any Material Intellectual Property and (ii) no Loan Party nor any Restricted Subsidiary can make an Investment of, Disposition of, Restricted Payment of, or otherwise transfer (including by merger or liquidation or the granting of an exclusive license for) of any Material Intellectual Property to an Unrestricted Subsidiary.

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