10-K 1 v426852_10k.htm ANNUAL REPORT

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x       ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015

OR

¨           TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 000-53238

 

 

CEMTREX, INC.

(Exact name of small business issuer as specified in its charter) 

 

Delaware 30-0399914
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

19 Engineers Lane

Farmingdale, New York 11735

(Address, including zip code, of principal executive offices)

 

631-756-9116

(Issuer’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share  NASDQ CM

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes x     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ¨    No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes x    No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer  ¨ Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨ Smaller reporting company   x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

As of December 11, 2015, the number of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was 2,646,932 and the aggregate market value $8,364,305 based on the average bid and asked price of $3.16 on December 11, 2015.

 

As of December 11, 2015, the registrant had 7,585,267 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Table of Contents

 

CEMTREX, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

INDEX

 

    Page
     
  Part I  
  Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements 3
Item 1 Business 3
Item 1A Risk Factors 7
Item 1B Unresolved Staff Comments 11
Item 2 Properties 12
Item 3 Legal Proceedings 12
  Part II  
Item 5 Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 13
Item 6 Selected Consolidated Financial Data 14
Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 14
Item 7A Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures about Market Risk 17
Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 17
Item 9 Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 17
Item 9A Controls and Procedures 17
Item 9B Other Information 18
     
  Part III 19
     
  Part IV  
Item 15 Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules 20

 

2 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Statements in this report may be "forward-looking statements." Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements that express our intentions, beliefs, expectations, strategies, predictions or any other statements relating to our future activities or other future events or conditions. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about our business based, in part, on assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may, and are likely to, differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements due to numerous factors, including those described above and those risks discussed from time to time in this report, including the risks described under "Risk Factors" and any risks described in any other filings we make with the SEC. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report.

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. On an on-going basis, we evaluate these estimates, including those related to useful lives of real estate assets, cost reimbursement income, bad debts, impairment, net lease intangibles, contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ from those estimates.

 

Part I. 

 

Item 1. BUSINESS

 

The Company was incorporated on April 27, 1998, in the state of Delaware under the name "Diversified American Holdings, Inc." The Company subsequently changed its name to "Cemtrex Inc." on December 16, 2004. Unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “we”, “our”, “us”, “Company”, “registrant”, “Cemtrex” or “management” refer to Cemtrex, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Cemtrex is a leading diversified technology company that operates in a wide array of business segments and provides solutions to meet today's industrial and manufacturing challenges. The Company provides electronic manufacturing services of advanced electronic system assemblies, provides instruments & emission monitors for industrial processes, and provides industrial air filtration & environmental control systems.

 

On October 31, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of the privately held ROB Group, a leader in electronics manufacturing solutions located in Neulingen, Germany. The ROB Group, founded in 1989, consisted of 4 distinct operating companies, forming a complete electronics design, manufacturing, assembly, and cabling solutions provider that serves the electronics and cabling needs of some of the largest companies in the world in the Medical, Automation, Industrial, and Renewable Energy industries. ROB Group also has a manufacturing facility in Sibiu, Romania. The ROB Group was restructured under ROB Cemtrex GmbH and now operates as a subsidiary of Cemtrex, Inc. (see NOTE 10).

 

Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS)

 

Cemtrex, through its Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) group, provides end to end electronic manufacturing services, which includes product design and sustaining engineering services, printed circuit board assembly and production, cabling and wire harnessing, systems integration, comprehensive testing services and completely assembled electronic products.

 

Cemtrex’s EMS group works with industry leading OEMs in their outsourcing of non-core manufacturing services by forming a long term relationship as an electronics manufacturing partner. We work in close relationships with our customers throughout the entire electronic life of a product, from design, manufacturing, and distribution. We seek to grow our business through the addition of new, high quality customers, the expansion of our share of business with existing customers, and participating in the growth of existing customers. 

 

3 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Using our manufacturing capabilities, we are able to provide our customers with advanced product assembly and system level integration combined with test services to meet the highest standards of quality. Through our agile manufacturing environment we can deliver low and medium volume and mix services to our clients. Additionally we design, develop, and manufacture various interconnects and cable assemblies that often are sold in conjunction with our PCBAs to enhance our value to our customers. The Company also provides engineering services from new product introductions and prototyping, related testing equipment, to product redesigns.

 

Our ability to attract and retain new customers comes from our ongoing commitment to understanding our customers’ business performance requirements and our expertise in meeting or exceeding these requirements and enhancing their competitive edge. We work closely with our customers from an operational and senior executive level in order to achieve a deep understanding of our customer’s goals, challenges, strategies, operations, and products to ultimately build a long lasting successful relationship.

 

Environmental Products & Systems (EPS)

 

Cemtrex, through its Environmental Products and Systems group, sells a complete line of air filtration and environmental control products to a wide variety of industrial and manufacturing industries worldwide. The group also manufactures, sells, and services monitoring instruments, software and systems for measurement of emissions of Greenhouse gases, hazardous gases, particulate and other regulated pollutants used in emissions trading globally as well as for industrial processes. The Company also markets monitoring and analysis equipment for gas and liquid measurement for various downstream oil & gas applications as well as various industrial process applications.

 

The Company, under the Griffin Filters brand, provides a complete line of air filtration and environmental control equipment to industries such as: chemical, cement, steel, food, construction, mining, & petrochemical. This equipment is used to: (i) remove dust, corrosive fumes, mists, hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, submicron particles and particulate from industrial exhausts and boilers; (ii) clean noxious and acid gases such as sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen sulfide, chlorides, and organics from industrial exhaust stacks prior to discharging to the atmosphere; and (iii) control emissions of coal, dust, sawdust, phosphates, flyash, cement, carbon black, soda ash, silica, etc. from construction facilities, mining operations and dryer exhausts.

 

Company through its Monitoring Instruments and Products (MIP) group manufactures and sells advanced instruments for emissions monitoring, process analysis, and controls for industrial applications and compliance with environmental regulations. MIP emission monitoring systems are installed at the exhaust stacks of industrial facilities and are used to measure the outlet flue gas concentrations of a range of regulated air pollutants to determine the quality of the air we breathe. Through use of the company's equipment and instrumentation, Cemtrex clients can monitor the exhausts to the atmosphere from their facilities and comply with Environmental Protection Agency and state and local emission regulations on dust, particulate, fumes, acid gases and other regulated pollutants into the atmosphere.

 

MIP's Laser Opacity monitor is used to determine opacity or dust concentration in stack gases. Cemtrex also provides direct-extractive and dilution-extractive CEMS (continuous emissions monitoring solutions) equipment and systems for use with utilities, industrial boilers, FGD systems, SCR-NOx control, furnaces, gas turbines, process heaters, incinerators in industries such as: chemicals, pulp and paper, steel, power, coal and petrochemical along with municipalities, state and federal governments. The Company provides a single source responsibility for design, engineering, assembly, installation and maintenance of systems to its customers. The Company's products are designed to operate so as to allow its users to determine their compliance with the latest governmental emissions regulations.

 

Cemtrex’s MIP division also markets a range of crude oil and natural gas analyzers. These products provide real time measurement of various properties specific to the refining processes of oil and gas. Some of the properties include RON, salt and water content, pH, viscosity, and other critical parameters that can be used to improve the blending and refining processes. The analyzers are sold by refineries and similar facilities to optimize the yield of blended and refined product.

 

SUPPLIERS

 

The Company is not dependent on, nor expects to become dependent on, any one or a limited number of suppliers. The Company buys parts and components to assemble and manufacture its equipment and products. The Company also utilizes sub-suppliers and third party vendors to procure from or fabricate its components based on its design, engineering and specifications. The Company also enters into subcontracts for field installation, which the Company supervises; and the Company manages all technical, physical and commercial aspects of the performance of the Company contracts. To date, the Company has not experienced difficulties either in obtaining fabricated components and other materials and parts or in obtaining qualified subcontractors for installation work.

 

4 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

PARTS, REPAIR AND REFURBISHMENT SERVICES

 

The Company also provides replacement and spare parts and repair and refurbishment services for all its systems following the expiration of the warranties which generally range up to 12 months. The Company has experienced only minimal costs from its warranties.

 

The Company's standard terms of sale disclaim any liability for consequential or indirect losses or damages stemming from any failure of its products or systems or any component thereof. The Company seeks indemnification from its subcontractors for any loss, damage or claim arising from the subcontractors' failure to perform.

 

COMPETITION

 

The Company faces substantial competition in each of its principal markets. Most of its competitors are larger and have greater financial resources than the Company; several are divisions of multi-national companies. The Company competes on the basis of price, engineering and technological expertise, know-how and the quality of its products, systems and services. Additionally, the Company's management believes that the successful delivery, installation and performance of the Company's products and systems is a key factor in gaining business as customers typically prefer to make significant purchases from a company with a solid performance history.

 

The Company obtains virtually all its contracts through competitive bidding. Although price is an important factor and may in some cases be the governing factor, it is not always determinative, and contracts are often awarded on the basis of the efficiency or reliability of products and the engineering and technical expertise of the bidder. Several companies market products that compete directly with Company’s products. Other companies offer products that potential customers may consider to be acceptable alternatives to Company’s products and services. The Company faces direct competition from companies with far greater financial, technological, manufacturing and personnel resources.

 

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

 

Over the years, the Company has developed proprietary technologies that gives it an edge in competing with its competitors. Thus, the Company relies on a combination of trade secrets and know-how to protect its intellectual property.

 

MARKETING

 

The Company sells its products globally and relies on direct sales force, manufacturing representatives, distributors, commission sales agents, magazine advertisements, internet advertising, trade shows, trade directories and catalogue listings to market its products and services. The Company uses independent sales representatives in the United States backed by its sales management and technical professionals. The Company's arrangements with independent sales representatives accord each a defined territory within which to sell some or all of its products and systems, provide for the payment of agreed-upon sales commissions and are terminable at will. The Company's sales representatives do not have authority to execute contracts on the Company's behalf.

 

The Company's sales representatives also serve as ongoing liaison function between Company and its customers during the installation phase of the products and systems and address customers' questions or concerns arising thereafter. The Company selects representatives based upon industry reputation, prior sales performance including number of prospective leads generated and sales closure rates, and the breadth of territorial coverage, among other criteria.

 

5 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Technical inquiries received from potential customers are referred to the engineering personnel. Thereafter, the Company's sales and engineering personnel jointly prepare a budget proposal, or a final bid. The period between initial customer contact and issuance of an order is generally between two and twelve months.

 

CUSTOMERS

 

The Company's principal customers are engaged in automotive, medical, industrial automation, refining, power, chemical, mining, and metallurgical processing. Historically, most of the customers have purchased individual products or systems which, in many instances, operate in conjunction with products and systems supplied by others. For several years, the Company has marketed its products as integrated custom engineered systems and solutions. No one single customer accounts for more than 10% of its annual sales.

 

For the EPS group, the Company is responsible to its customers for all phases of the design, assembly, supply and, if included, field installation of its products and systems. The successful completion of a project is generally determined by a successful operational test of the supplied equipment conducted by our field service technician in the presence of the customer.

 

For the EMS group, the company is responsible for the production, supply, and delivery of products to its customers. In order to satisfy customer orders, the Company must consistently meet production deadlines and maintain a high standard of quality.

 

INSURANCE

 

The Company currently maintains different types of insurance, including general liability and property coverage. The Company also maintains product liability insurance with respect to its products and equipment. Management believes that the insurance coverage that it has is adequate for its current business needs.

 

EMPLOYEES

 

The Company employs approximately 244 people as of December 11, 2015, including 35 engaged in engineering, 160 in manufacturing and 49 in administrative and marketing functions.

 

GOVERNMENT REGULATION

 

The Company’s operations are subject to certain foreign, federal, state and local regulatory requirements relating to, among others, environmental, waste management, labor and health and safety matters. Management believes that the Company’s business is operated in material compliance with all such regulations.

 

Management believes that the existence of governmental regulations creates demand for Company's emission monitoring equipment and environmental control systems. Significant environmental laws, particularly the Federal Clean Air Act, have been enacted in response to public concern about the environment. The Company believes that compliance with and enforcement of these laws and regulations create the demand for its environmental control related products and systems. The Federal Clean Air Act, initially adopted in 1970 and extensively amended in 1990, requires compliance with ambient air quality standards and empowers the EPA to establish and enforce limits on the emission of various pollutants from specific types of industrial facilities. States have primary responsibility for implementing these standards, and, in some cases, have adopted more stringent standards.

 

6 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

 ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below, together with all of the other information in this report, including the consolidated audited financial statements and the related notes appearing at the end of this annual report on Form 10-K, with respect to any investment in shares of our common stock. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects would likely be materially and adversely affected. In that event, the market price of our common stock could decline and you could lose all or part of your investment. These statements, like all statements in this report, speak only as of the date of this report (unless another date is indicated) and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future development.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS

 

We are substantially dependent upon the success and market acceptance of our technology. The failure of the emissions monitoring and controls market to develop as we anticipate, would adversely affect our environmental control products business.

 

The Company's success is largely dependent on increased market acceptance of our emission monitoring equipment and control systems. If acceptance of emissions monitoring equipment does not continue to grow, then the Company's revenues may be significantly reduced.

 

The Company’s ability to secure and maintain sufficient credit arrangements is key to its continued operations.

 

There is no assurance that the Company will be able to retain or renew its credit agreements and other finance agreements in the future. In the event the business grows rapidly, the uncertain economic climate continues or the Company considers another acquisition, additional financing resources could be necessary in the current or future fiscal years. There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain equity or debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all in the future.

 

Adverse changes in the economy or political conditions could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The Company’s sales and gross margins depend significantly on market demand for its customers’ products. The uncertainty in the U.S. and international economic and political environment could result in a decline in demand for our customers’ products in any industry. Further, any adverse changes in tax rates and laws affecting our customers could result in decreasing gross margins. Any of these factors could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Most of the Company’s customers do not commit to long-term production schedules, which makes it difficult to schedule production and achieve maximum efficiency at the Company’s manufacturing facilities and to manage inventory levels.

 

The volume and timing of sales to the Company’s customers may vary due to:

 

(i)customers’ attempts to manage their inventory
(ii)variation in demand for the Company’s customers’ products design changes, or
(iii)acquisitions of or consolidation among customers

 

Many of the Company’s customers do not commit to firm production schedules. The Company’s inability to forecast the level of customer orders with certainty can make it difficult to schedule production and maximize utilization of manufacturing capacity and manage inventory levels. The Company could be required to increase or decrease staffing and more closely manage other expenses in order to meet the anticipated demand of its customers. Orders from the Company’s customers could be cancelled or delivery schedules could be deferred as a result of changes in its customers’ demand, thereby adversely affecting the Company’s results of operations, and resulting in higher inventory levels.

 

7 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

The Company’s customers have competitive challenges, including rapid technological changes, pricing pressure and decreasing demand from their customers, which could adversely affect their business and the Company’s.

 

Factors affecting the industries that utilize our customers’ products could negatively impact our customers and the Company. These factors include:

 

(i)increased competition among our customers and their competitors

 

(ii)the inability of our customers to develop and market their products

 

(iii)recessionary periods in our customers’ markets

 

(iv)the potential that our customers’ products become obsolete

 

(v)our customers’ inability to react to rapidly changing technology

 

(vi)pay for our products, which could, in turn, affect the Company’s results of operations.

 

If we are unable to develop new products, our competitors may develop and market products with better features that may reduce demand for our potential products.

 

The Company may not be able to introduce any new products or any enhancements to its existing products on a timely basis, or at all. In addition, the introduction by the Company of any new products could adversely affect the sales of certain of its existing products. If the Company's competitors develop innovative emissions testing technology that are superior to the Company's products or if the Company fails to accurately anticipate market trends and respond on a timely basis with its own innovations, the Company may not achieve sufficient growth in its revenues to attain profitability.

 

Even though we have a profit for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2015, and we may not incur profit for the foreseeable future.

 

We continue to incur significant expenditures related to selling and marketing and general and administrative activities as well as capital expenditures and anticipate that our expenses may increase in the foreseeable future as we expand our business. Further, as a public company we will also incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we may not incur as a private company. To maintain profitability, we will need to generate significant additional revenues with significantly improved gross margins. It is uncertain whether we will be able to maintain our profitability.

 

The Company faces constant changes in governmental standards by which our environmental control products are evaluated.

 

The Company believes that, due to the constant focus on the environment and clean air standards throughout the world, a requirement in the future to adhere to new and more stringent regulations both domestically and abroad is possible as governmental agencies seek to improve standards required for certification of products intended to promote clean air. In the event our products fail to meet these ever-changing standards, some or all of our environmental control products may become obsolete.

 

The future growth of our environmental control business depends, in part, on enforcement of existing emissions-related environmental regulations and further tightening of emission standards worldwide.

 

The Company expects that the future environmental control products business growth will be driven, in part, by the enforcement of existing emissions-related environmental regulations and tightening of emissions standards worldwide. If such standards do not continue to become stricter or are loosened or are not enforced by governmental authorities, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition and long-term prospects.

 

8 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

We may incur substantial costs enforcing our proprietary information, defending against third-party patents, invalidating third-party patents or licensing third-party intellectual property, as a result of litigation or other proceedings relating to patent and other intellectual property rights.

 

The Company considers its technology and procedures proprietary. In particular, the Company depends substantially on its flexibility to develop custom engineered solutions for various applications and be responsive to customer needs.

 

The Company may be notified of claims that it has infringed a third party's intellectual property. Even if such claims are not valid, they could subject the Company to significant costs. In addition, it may be necessary in the future to enforce the Company's intellectual property rights to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Litigation may also be necessary to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity by others. An adverse outcome in litigation or any similar proceedings could force the Company to take actions that could harm its business. These include: (i) ceasing to sell products that contain allegedly infringing property; (ii) obtaining licenses to the relevant intellectual property which the Company may not be able to obtain on terms that are acceptable, or at all; (iii) indemnifying certain customers or strategic partners if it is determined that the Company has infringed upon or misappropriated another party's intellectual property; and (iv) redesigning products that embody allegedly infringing intellectual property. Any of these results could adversely affect the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the cost of defending or asserting any intellectual property claim, both in legal fees and expenses, and the diversion of management resources, regardless of whether the claim is valid, could be significant.

 

Product defects could cause the Company to incur significant product liability, warranty, repair and support costs and damage its reputation which would have a material adverse effect on its business.

 

Although the Company rigorously tests its products, defects may be discovered in future or existing products. These defects could cause the Company to incur significant warranty, support and repair costs and divert the attention of its research and development personnel. It could also significantly damage the Company's reputation and relationship with its distributors and customers which would adversely affect its business. In addition, such defects could result in personal injury or financial or other damages to customers who may seek damages with respect to such losses. A product liability claim against the Company, even if unsuccessful, would likely be time consuming and costly to defend.

 

The markets in which we operate are highly competitive, and many of our competitors have significantly greater resources than we do.

 

There is significant competition among companies that provide emissions monitoring systems. Several companies market products that compete directly with our products. Other companies offer products that potential customers may consider to be acceptable alternatives to our products and services. We face direct competition from companies with far greater financial, technological, manufacturing and personnel resources.

 

The Company's results may fluctuate due to certain regulatory, marketing and competitive factors over which we have little or no control.

 

The factors listed below, some of which we cannot control, may cause our revenue and results of operations to fluctuate significantly:

 

(i)The existence and enforcement of government environmental regulations. If these regulations are not maintained or enforced then the market for Company's products could deteriorate;

 

(ii)Retaining and keeping qualified employees and management personnel;

 

(iii)Ability to upgrade our products to keep up with the changing market place requirements; Ability to keep up with our competitors who have much higher resources than us;

 

(iv)Ability to find sub-suppliers and sub-contractors to assemble and install our products;

 

9 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

(v)General economic conditions of the industry and the ability of potential customers to spend money on setting up new industries that require our products;

 

(vi)Ability to maintain or raise adequate working capital required for the operations and future growth; and

 

(vii)Ability to retain our CEO and other senior key personnel.

 

The loss of our senior management and failure to attract and retain qualified personnel in a competitive labor market could limit our ability to execute our growth strategy, resulting a slower rate of growth.

 

We depend on the continued service of our senior management. Due to the nature of our business, we may have difficulty locating and hiring qualified personnel and retaining such personnel once hired. The loss of the services of any of our key personnel, or our failure to attract and retain other qualified and experienced personnel on acceptable terms, could limit our ability to execute our growth strategy resulting in a slower rate of growth.

 

General economic downturns in general would have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, operating results and financial condition.

 

The Company's operations may in the future experience substantial fluctuations from period to period as a consequence of general economic conditions affecting consumer spending. Therefore, any economic downturns in general would have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, operating results and financial condition.

 

We are exposed to risks associated with operating internationally. A significant portion of our business is conducted internationally. Consequently, we are subject to a variety of risks that are specific to international operations, including the following:

 

(i)compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act;
(ii)compliance with the anti-corruption laws of other jurisdictions in which we operate;
(iii)contract award and funding delays;
(iv)potential restrictions on transfers of funds;
(v)foreign currency fluctuations;
(vi)import and export duties and value added taxes;
(vii)uncertainties arising from foreign local business practices and cultural considerations; and
(viii)potential military conflicts, civil strife and political risks.

 

Our growth strategy includes acquisitions of other businesses, which may require us to incur costs and liabilities or have other unexpected consequences which may adversely affect our operating results and financial condition. In addition to internal or organic growth, our current strategy involves growth through acquisitions of complementary businesses, as well as growth from acquisitions that would diversify our current product offerings. Like other companies with similar growth strategies, we may be unable to successfully implement our growth strategy, as we may be unable to identify suitable acquisition candidates, obtain acceptable financing, or consummate any future acquisitions. We frequently engage in evaluations of potential acquisitions and negotiations for possible acquisitions, certain of which, if consummated, could significantly enhance the Company’s competitive position. Although it is our general objective only to acquire those companies which will be accretive to both earnings and cash flow, any potential acquisitions may result in material transaction expenses, increased interest and amortization expense, increased depreciation expense and increased operating expense, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results. Acquisitions will require integration and management of the acquired businesses to realize economies of scale and control costs. In addition, acquisitions may involve other risks, including diversion of management resources otherwise available for ongoing development of our business and risks associated with entering new markets. Future acquisitions may also result in potential dilution of the Company’s securities. Consummation of acquisitions may subject the Company to unanticipated business uncertainties or legal liabilities relating to those acquired businesses for which the sellers of the acquired businesses may not fully indemnify us.

 

10 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

RISKS RELATED TO INVESTMENT IN THE COMMON STOCK OF THE COMPANY

 

The Company's Common Stock currently trades on the NASDAQ under the symbol "CETX". There can be no assurance that the Company's shares will continue to trade on NASDAQ in the future, and there can be no assurance that an active trading market will develop or be sustained. The market price of the shares of Common Stock is likely to be highly volatile and may be significantly affected by factors such as actual or anticipated fluctuations in the Company's operating results, announcements of technological innovations, new products or new contracts by the Company or its competitors, developments with respect to proprietary rights, adoption of new government regulations affecting the environment, general market conditions and other factors. In addition, the stock market has from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have particularly affected the market price for the common stocks of technology companies. These types of broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of the Company's common stock.

 

Our common stock has from time to time been "thinly-traded," meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common stock at or near ask prices at any given time may be relatively small or non-existent. Therefore, stockholders may be unable to sell at or near ask prices or at all if they need to sell shares to raise money or otherwise desire to liquidate their shares. Our “thinly-traded” stock is attributable to a number of factors, including the fact that we are a small company that is relatively unknown to stock analysts, stock brokers, institutional investors and others in the investment community that generate or influence sales volume, and that even if we came to the attention of such persons, they tend to be risk-averse and would be reluctant to follow an unproven company such as ours or purchase or recommend the purchase of our shares until such time as we become more seasoned and viable. As a consequence, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our shares is minimal or non-existent, as compared to a seasoned issuer which has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. We cannot give stockholders any assurance that a broader or more active public trading market for our common shares will develop or be sustained, or that current trading levels will be sustained.

 

We do not anticipate paying any dividends. No dividends have been paid on the common stock of the Company. The Company does not intend to pay cash dividends on its common stock in the foreseeable future, and anticipates that profits, if any, received from operations will be devoted to the Company's future operations. Any decision to pay dividends will depend upon the Company's profitability at the time, cash available and other relevant factors.

 

Our principal shareholder has significant influence over our Company which could make it impossible for the public stockholders to influence the affairs of the Company. Approximately 65.0% of our outstanding voting equity is beneficially held by combination of Aron Govil, the Company's former Chairman of the Board, and Saagar Govil the Company’s CEO, as a result of this common stock ownership and the Series A preferred stock ownership by Mr. Aron Govil, the Company’s management controls and will control in the future, substantially all matters requiring approval by the stockholders of the Company, including the election of all directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. This makes it impossible for the public stockholders to influence the affairs of the Company. 

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

11 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

The Company has the following properties:

 

The Company leases its principal office at Farmingdale, New York, 4,000 square feet of office and warehouse/shop space in a single story commercial structure on a month to month lease from Ducon Technologies Inc., at a monthly rental of $4,000.

   

The Company’s Environmental Products and Services Group leases (i) approx. 5,000 sq. ft. of office and warehouse space in Liverpool, New York from a third party in a five year lease at a monthly rent of $2,200 expiring on March 31, 2018, (ii) approximately 2000 square feet of office on a month to month rental from a third party in Hong Kong at a monthly rental of $4,133.00 and (iii) approximately 1500 square feet of office on a month to month rental from a third party in Navi Mumbai, India at a monthly rental of $600.00.

 

The Company through its Electronics Manufacturing Services Group owns a 70,000 sq. ft. manufacturing building inneulingen, Germany which has a 17 year 3.00% interest mortgage with monthly mortgage payments of €25,000, through March 2031. The Electronics Manufacturing Services Group also rents a 10,000 sq. ft. manufacturing facility in Sibiu, Romania from a third party in a ten year lease at a monthly rent of €8,000 expiring on May 31, 2019.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

None.

 

12 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

The Company's Common Stock currently trades on the NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol "CETX".

 

As of December 11, 2014, there were approximately 818 holders of record of the Company's common stock as determined from the Company's transfer agent's list. Such list also includes beneficial owners of securities whose shares are held in the names of various dealers and clearing agencies.

 

The Company is authorized to issue 20,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share. On December 11, 2015, there were 7,585,267 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and 1,000,000 shares of Series A preferred stock issued or outstanding.

 

On April 3, 2015, our Board of Directors approved a reverse split of our common stock, par value $0.001, at a ratio of one-for-six. This reverse stock split became effective on April 15, 2015 and, unless otherwise indicated, all share amounts. Per share data, share prices, exercise prices and conversion rates set forth in this Report and the accompanying consolidated financial statements have, where applicable, been adjusted retroactively to reflect this reverse stock split.

 

On June 25, 2015 the Company’s common stock commenced trading on the NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “CETX”. Prior to June 25, 2015 the Company's Common Stock traded on the over-the-counter bulletin board trading system. The price ranges presented below represent the highest and lowest quoted bid prices during the calendar quarters for 2013, 2014 and 2015 reported by the exchange and converted based on the one-for-six reverse stock split. The quotes represent prices between dealers and do not reflect mark-ups, markdowns or commissions and therefore may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Year   Period  Stock Price 
             
 2015    4th Quarter  $4.35   $2.23 
     3rd Quarter  $5.40   $2.70 
     2nd Quarter  $4.20   $2.58 
     1st Quarter  $4.74   $3.60 
 2014    4th Quarter  $6.24   $4.38 
     3rd Quarter  $6.00   $3.00 
     2nd Quarter  $3.30   $1.68 
     1st Quarter  $2.58   $0.84 
 2013    4th Quarter  $0.84   $0.48 
     3rd Quarter  $0.96   $0.48 
     2nd Quarter  $0.96   $0.54 
     1st Quarter  $1.20   $0.72 

  

As reported by NASDAQ Capital Markets, on December 11, 2015 the closing sales price of the Company's Common Stock was $3.16 per share.

 

Dividend Policy

 

The Company has not declared or paid any cash dividends on its common stock nor does it anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future. Furthermore, the Company expects to retain any future earnings to finance its operations and expansion. The payment of cash dividends in the future will be at the discretion of its Board of Directors and will depend upon its earnings levels, capital requirements, any restrictive loan covenants and other factors the Board considers relevant.

 

13 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not required for Smaller Reporting Companies

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Except for historical information contained in this report, the matters discussed are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. When used in this report, words such as “anticipates”, “believes”, “could”, “estimates”, “expects”, “may”, “plans”, “potential” and “intends” and similar expressions, as they relate to the Company or its management, identify forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of the Company’s management, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to the Company’s management. Among the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially are the following: the effect of business and economic conditions; the impact of competitive products and their pricing; unexpected manufacturing or supplier problems; the Company’s ability to maintain sufficient credit arrangements; changes in governmental standards by which our environmental control products are evaluated and the risk factors reported from time to time in the Company’s SEC reports, including its recent report on Form 10-K. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements as a result of future events or developments.

 

Overview

 

The Company was incorporated on April 27, 1998, in the state of Delaware under the name "Diversified American Holdings, Inc." The Company subsequently changed its name to "Cemtrex Inc." on December 16, 2004. Unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “we”, “our”, “us”, “Company”, “registrant”, “Cemtrex” or “management” refer to Cemtrex, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Cemtrex is a leading diversified technology company that operates in a wide array of business segments and provides solutions to meet today's industrial and manufacturing challenges. The Company provides electronic manufacturing services of advanced electronics systems assemblies, provides instruments & emission monitors for industrial processes, and provides industrial air filtration & environmental control systems.

 

Cemtrex Inc. ("Cemtrex" or the "Company") is a world leading diversified industrial and manufacturing company offering a wide array of solutions around the world to meet today’s technological challenges. Cemtrex, through its wholly owned subsidiaries provides manufacturing services of advanced custom engineered electronic assemblies, emission monitors & instruments for industrial processes, and environmental control & air filtration systems for industries & utilities.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

The following discussion and analysis is based upon our consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of our financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses, and assets and liabilities during the periods reported. Estimates are used when accounting for certain items such as revenues, allowances for returns, early payment discounts, customer discounts, doubtful accounts, employee compensation programs, depreciation and amortization periods, taxes, inventory values, and valuations of investments, goodwill, other intangible assets and long-lived assets. We base our estimates on historical experience, where applicable and other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from our estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe that the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

 

We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. We base our estimates on the aging of our accounts receivable balances and our historical write-off experience, net of recoveries.

 

14 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

We value our inventories at the lower of cost or market. We write down inventory balances for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions.

 

Goodwill is reviewed for possible impairment at least annually or more frequently upon the occurrence of an event or when circumstances indicate that the Company's carrying amount is greater than the fair value. In accordance with SFAS 142, the Company examined goodwill for impairment and determined that the Company's carrying amount did not exceed the fair value, thus, there was no impairment.

 

Generally, sales are recognized when shipments are made to customers. Rebates, allowances for damaged goods and other advertising and marketing program rebates are accrued pursuant to contractual provisions and included in accrued expenses. Certain amount of our revenues fall under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting used for long-term contracts. Under this method, sales and gross profit are recognized as work is performed based on the relationship between actual costs incurred and total estimated costs at completion. Sales and gross profit are adjusted prospectively for revisions in estimated total contract costs and contract values. Estimated losses are recorded when identified.

 

In countries in which the Company operates, and the functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar, assets and liabilities are translated using published exchange rates in effect at the consolidated balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses and cash flows are translated using an approximate weighted average exchange rate for the period. Resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

Results of Operations - For the fiscal years ending September 30, 2014 and 2013 

 

Total revenue for the years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 was $56,887,389 and $47,653,114, respectively, an increase of $9,234,275, or 19%. Net income for years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 was $2,838,116 and $2,668,886, respectively, an increase of $169,230, or 6%. Net income in this period as compared to the previous one was higher as a result of higher overall sales. Environmental products and systems revenues increased by $13,979,513 during fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 primarily due to increased orders received by the Company from Southeast Asian markets. Electronics manufacturing services revenues decreased by $4,745,238 during fiscal 2015 as compared to fiscal 2014 primarily due to the drop in the currency exchange rate between US Dollar and the Euro.

 

Gross Profit for the year ended September 30, 2015 was $16,322,570 or 29% of revenues as compared to gross profit of $15,595,268 or 33% of revenues for the year ended September 30, 2014. The decrease in gross profit percentage in the year ended September 30, 2015 was a direct result of lower profit margin projects executed during this period as compared to the prior year. The higher dollar amount of gross profit during fiscal 2015 was due to higher overall revenue.

 

Operating expenses for the year ended September 30, 2015 increased $1,239,474 or 10% to $13,821,546 from $12,582,072 for the year ended September 30, 2014. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased in the year ended September 30, 2015 to 24% from 26% in the year ended September 30, 2014. The increases in operating expenses were primarily due to an increase in Company’s overall revenue and acquisition related expenses incurred by the Company during fiscal year 2015.  

 

Other Income/(Expense)

 

Interest and other income/(expense) for the fiscal year of 2015 was $338,009 as compared to $(283,348) for the fiscal year of 2014. The change to income was due primarily to forgiveness of third party debt to ROB Systems.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

During the fiscal year of 2015 we recorded an income tax provision of $917 compared to $60,962 for the fiscal year of 2014. The provision for income tax is based upon the projected income tax from the Company’s various international subsidiaries that are subject to foreign income taxes.

 

15 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Net Income

 

The Company had net income of $2,838,116 or 5% of revenues, for the year ended September 30, 2015 as compared to a net income of $2,668,886 or 6% of revenues, for the year ended September 30, 2014. Net income for the year increased, as compared to net income for last year, due to higher overall sales of environmental equipment. The net income percentage in the period as compared to the previous one was lower as a result of lower sales in electronic manufacturing.

 

Effects of Inflation

 

The Company’s business and operations have not been materially affected by inflation during the periods for which financial information is presented.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

  Working capital was $4,693,904 at September 30, 2015 compared to $5,276,633 at September 30, 2014. This includes cash and cash equivalent of $1,486,737 at September 30, 2015 and $146,095 at September 30, 2014, respectively. The decrease in working capital was primarily due to the increase in accounts payable and the issuance of convertible notes payable.

 

Accounts receivable increased $732,704 or 18% to $4,771,044 at September 30, 2015 from $4,038,340 at September 30, 2014. The increased in accounts receivables is attributable to timing of shipments and collection of accounts receivable.

 

Inventories increased $99,189 or 2% to $6,369,516 at September 30, 2015 from $6,270,327 at September 30, 2014. The increase in inventories was primarily due to purchase of additional raw materials for production.

 

Operating activities provided $4,035,463 for the year ended September 30, 2015 compared to using $2,342,264 of cash for the year ended September 30, 2014. The increase in operating cash flows in fiscal 2015 was primarily due to profitable operations.

 

Investment activities used $956,046 of cash during the year ended September 30, 2015 compared to using $9,289,242 during the year ended September 30, 2014. The use of cash by investing activities in fiscal 2015 was the result of the purchase of property and equipment, offset by the redemption of short-term investments.

 

Financing activities used $1,738,775 for the year ended September 30, 2015 as compared to providing $11,710,638 in the year ended September 30, 2014. Cash flows from financing activities during fiscal 2015 was the result of payments on affiliated party and bank loans offset by proceeds from convertible notes.

  

We believe that our cash on hand, cash generated by operations, is sufficient to meet the capital demands of our current operations during the 2016 fiscal year (ending September 30, 2016). Any major increases in sales, particularly in new products, may require substantial capital investment. Failure to obtain sufficient capital could materially adversely impact our growth potential.

 

Outlook

 

We anticipate that the outlook for our products and services remains fairly strong and we are positioned well to take advantage of it.

 

We believe there is currently a gradually increasing public awareness of the issues surrounding air quality and that this trend will continue for the next several years. We also believe there is an increase in public concern regarding the effects of air quality on society and future generations, as well as an increase in interest by standards-making bodies in creating specifications and techniques for detecting, defining and solving air quality problems. As a result, we believe there will be an increase in interest in our emission monitors, and environmental control products of subsidiary Griffin Filters.

 

16 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

This Outlook section, and other portions of this document, include certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of that term in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including, among others, those statements preceded by, following or including the words "believe," "expect," "intend," "anticipate" or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based largely on the current expectations of management and are subject to a number of assumptions, risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements. Important factors to consider in evaluating such forward-looking statements include those discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors as well as:

 

othe shortage of reliable market data regarding the emission monitoring & air filtration market;

 

ochanges in external competitive market factors or in our internal budgeting process which might impact trends in our results of operations;

 

oanticipated working capital or other cash requirements;

 

ochanges in our business strategy or an inability to execute our strategy due to unanticipated changes in the market;

 

oproduct obsolescence due to the development of new technologies; and

 

oVarious competitive factors that may prevent us from competing successfully in the marketplace.

 

oIn light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the events contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K will in fact occur. 

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

The response to this item is included in "Item 1A Risk Factors."

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The financial statements required to be included in this report appear as indexed in the appendix to this report beginning on page F-1.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

There have been no changes in and/or disagreements with Bharat Parikh & Associates, our independent registered public accountants, on accounting and financial disclosure matters.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Our Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance (the "Certifying Officers") are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures for the Company. The Certifying Officers have designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information is made known to them, particularly during the period in which this Report was prepared.

 

Evaluation of Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Securities Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive and financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, as ours are designed to do, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost- benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

17 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

The company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate "internal control over financial reporting" (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)). Management evaluates the effectiveness of the company's internal control over financial reporting using the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 framework). Management, under the supervision and with the participation of the company's Chief Executive Officer and Vice President of Finance, assessed the effectiveness of the company's internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015, and concluded that it is effective.

 

This report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only Management’s report in this Annual Report.

 

As of September 30, 2015, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

There have been no changes in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the Company's last fiscal year to which this report relates that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

 

A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected. The Company's disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving its objectives. The Company's chief executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures are effective at that reasonable assurance level.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Not applicable.

 

18 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

PART III

 

The information required by Part III will be included in either an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K or in our definitive proxy statement for our 2015 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

19 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a)Financial Statements

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm  
Audited Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014  
Audited Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014  
Audited Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity (Deficit) for the Years Ended September 30, 2015, and 2014  
Audited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Year Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014  
Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements  

 

20 

 

  

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Saagar Govil
    Saagar Govil,
    Chairmen of the Board, CEO,
    President, & Secretary (Principal Executive Officer)
     
December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Renato Dela Rama
    Renato Dela Rama,
    Vice President of Finance (Principal Financial Officer)
     
December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Raju Panjwani
    Raju Panjwani,
    Director
     
December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Sunny Patel
    Sunny Patel,
    Director
     
December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Shamik Shah
    Shamik Shah,
    Director
     
December 18, 2015 By: /s/ Aron Govil
    Aron Govil,
    Executive Director

 

21 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Index to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Contents   Page(s)
     
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms   F-2
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2015 and 2014   F-3
     
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014   F-4
     
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014   F-5
     
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014   F-6
     
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements   F-7

 

 

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Cemtrex, Inc.

 

We have audited the consolidated balance sheet of Cemtrex, Inc. (the “Company”) as of September 30, 2015 and 2014 and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the fiscal year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2015 and 2014 and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the fiscal year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

 

/s/ Bharat Parikh & Associates

 

Bharat Parikh & Associates

4940, McDermott Road,

Plano, TX 75024, USA

December 18, 2015

 

F-2

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Assets          
Current assets          
Cash and equivalents  $1,486,737   $146,095 
Short-term investments   -    559,815 
Accounts receivable, net   4,771,044    4,038,340 
Inventory, net   6,369,516    6,270,327 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   893,792    531,262 
Total current assets   13,521,089    11,545,839 
           
Property and equipment, net   8,142,523    7,399,096 
Goodwill   845,000    845,000 
Other assets   35,630    52,428 
Total Assets  $22,544,242   $19,842,363 
           
Liabilities & Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable  $4,386,578   $2,721,705 
Accrued expenses   309,130    440,436 
Accrued income taxes   73,746    62,032 
Short-term note payable to bank   2,129,711    2,355,264 
Convertible notes payable   1,274,000    - 
Current portion of long-term liabilities   654,020    689,769 
Total current liabilities   8,827,185    6,269,206 
           
Long-term liabilities          
Loans payable to bank   2,383,815    3,152,935 
Mortgage payable   4,088,618    4,906,922 
Notes payable - related party   119,055    1,869,791 
Total liabilities   15,418,673    16,198,854 
           
Commitments and contingencies   -    - 
           
Shareholders' equity          
Preferred stock series A, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, 1,000,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   1,000    1,000 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, 7,158,087 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2015 and 6,766,587 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014   7,158    6,767 
Additional paid-in capital   1,020,444    199,562 
Retained earnings   6,430,855    3,592,739 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (333,888)   (156,559)
Total shareholders' equity   7,125,569    3,643,509 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity  $22,544,242   $19,842,363 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

   For the year ended 
   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
         
Revenues  $56,887,389   $47,653,114 
           
Cost of revenues   40,564,819    32,057,846 
           
Gross profit   16,322,570    15,595,268 
           
Operating expenses          
General and administrative expenses   13,821,546    12,582,072 
Total operating expenses   13,821,546    12,582,072 
Operating income   2,501,024    3,013,196 
           
Other income (expense)          
Other Income   834,290    153,516 
Interest Expense   (496,281)   (436,864)
Total other income (expense)   338,009    (283,348)
           
Net income before income taxes   2,839,033    2,729,848 
Provision for income taxes   917    60,962 
Net income   2,838,116    2,668,886 
           
Other comprehensive income/(loss)          
Foreign currency translation loss   (177,329)   (156,559)
Comprehensive income  $2,660,787   $2,512,327 
           
Income Per Share-Basic  $0.41   $0.39 
Income Per Share-Diluted  $0.40   $0.39 
           
Weighted Average Number of Shares-Basic   6,843,666    6,766,587 
Weighted Average Number of Shares-Diluted   7,058,562    6,766,587 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

   Preferred Stock Series A Par   Common Stock Par                 
   Value $0.001   Value $0.01                 
                       Retained   Accumulated     
                   Additional   Earnings   other   Total 
   Number of       Number of       Paid-in   (Accumulated   Comperhensive   Stockholders' 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit)   Income(loss)   Equity 
Balance at September 30, 2013   1,000,000   $1,000    6,766,587   $6,767   $199,562   $923,853   $-   $1,131,182 
Foreign currency translations                                $(156,559)  $(156,559)
Net income                           $2,668,886        $2,668,886 
Balance at September 30, 2014   1,000,000   $1,000    6,766,587   $6,767   $199,562   $3,592,739   $(156,559)  $3,643,509 
Foreign currency translations                                $(177,329)  $(177,329)
Stock issued for employee warrants             16,264   $16   $44,251             $44,267 
Stock issued for convertible debt             371,069   $371   $763,645             $764,016 
Stock issued for services             4,167   $4   $12,986             $12,990 
Net income                           $2,838,116        $2,838,116 
Balance at September 30, 2015   1,000,000   $1,000    7,158,087   $7,158   $1,020,444   $6,430,855   $(333,888)  $7,125,569 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   For the year ended 
   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities        
         
Net income (loss)  $2,838,116   $2,668,886 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   772,434    494,654 
Stock-based compensation   57,257    - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (732,704)   (3,397,076)
Due from related party   -    1,560,522 
Inventory   (99,189)   (6,110,979)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (362,530)   (99,131)
Others   16,798    (48,203)
Accounts payable   1,664,873    2,150,220 
Accrued expenses   (131,306)   376,811 
Income taxes payable   11,714    62,032 
Net cash provided by (used by) operating activities   4,035,463    (2,342,264)
           
Cash Flows from Investing Activities          
Purchase of property and equipment   (1,515,861)   (2,698,895)
Purchase of short-term investment   -    (559,815)
Redemption of short-term investments   559,815    - 
Investment in subsidiary   -    (6,030,532)
Net cash used by investing activities   (956,046)   (9,289,242)
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities          
Proceeds from affiliated Loan   -    605,748 
Payments on affiliated loan   (1,750,736)   - 
Proceeds from bank loans   -    11,104,890 
Payments on bank loans   (2,026,055)   - 
Proceeds from convertible notes   2,038,016    - 
Net cash provided by (used by) financing activities   (1,738,775)   11,710,638 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash   1,340,642    79,132 
Cash beginning of period   146,095    66,963 
Cash end of period  $1,486,737   $146,095 
           
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:          
Cash paid during the period for interest  $312,286   $333,316 
           
Cash paid during the period for income taxes  $5,032   $27,873 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND PLAN OF OPERATIONS

 

Cemtrex Inc. ("Cemtrex" or the "Company") is a leading diversified technology company offering a range of products, systems, and solutions in a wide variety of industries around the world to meet today’s industrial and manufacturing challenges. Cemtrex, through its wholly owned subsidiaries provides electronic manufacturing services of custom engineered advanced electronics system assemblies, emission monitors & instruments for industrial processes, and environmental control & air filtration systems for industries & utilities.

 

Cemtrex, through its Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) group, provides end to end electronic manufacturing services, which includes product design and sustaining engineering services, printed circuit board assembly and production, cabling and wire harnessing, systems integration, comprehensive testing services and completely assembled electronic products.

 

Cemtrex, through its Environmental Products and Systems (EPS) group, sells a complete line of air filtration and environmental control products to a wide variety of industrial and manufacturing industries worldwide. The Company also manufactures sells, and services monitoring instruments, software and systems for measurement of emissions of Greenhouse gases, hazardous gases, particulate and other regulated pollutants used in emissions trading globally as well as for industrial processes. The Company also markets monitoring and analysis equipment for gas and liquid measurement for various downstream oil & gas applications as well as various industrial process applications.

 

Cemtrex, Inc. was incorporated as Diversified American Holding, Inc. on April 27, 1998. On December 16, 2004, the Company changed its name to Cemtrex, Inc.

 

On October 31, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of the privately held ROB Group, a leader in electronics manufacturing solutions located in Neulingen, Germany. The ROB Group, founded in 1989, consisted of 4 distinct operating companies, forming a complete electronics design, manufacturing, assembly, and cabling solutions provider that serves the electronics and cabling needs of some of the largest companies in the world in the Medical, Automation, Industrial, and Renewable Energy industries. ROB Group also has a manufacturing facility in Sibiu, Romania. ROB Cemtrex GmbH now operates as a subsidiary of Cemtrex, Inc. (see NOTE 10).

 

NOTE 2 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

 

The Management of the Company is responsible for the selection and use of appropriate accounting policies and the appropriateness of accounting policies and their application. Critical accounting policies and practices are those that are both most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results and require management’s most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. The Company’s significant and critical accounting policies and practices are disclosed below as required by generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

Fiscal Year-End

 

The Company elected September 30 as its fiscal year-end date.

 

Use of Estimates and Assumptions and Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date(s) of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period(s).

 

F-7

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Critical accounting estimates are estimates for which (a) the nature of the estimate is material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain matters or the susceptibility of such matters to change and (b) the impact of the estimate on financial condition or operating performance is material. The Company’s critical accounting estimates and assumptions affecting the financial statements were:

 

i.Allowance for doubtful accounts : Management’s estimate of the allowance for doubtful accounts is based on historical sales, historical loss levels, and an analysis of the collectability of individual accounts; and general economic conditions that may affect a client’s ability to pay. The Company evaluated the key factors and assumptions used to develop the allowance in determining that it is reasonable in relation to the financial statements taken as a whole;
   
ii.Inventory Obsolescence and Markdowns : The Company’s estimate of potentially excess and slow-moving inventories is based on evaluation of inventory levels and aging, review of inventory turns and historical sales experiences. The Company’s estimate of reserve for inventory shrinkage is based on the historical results of physical inventory cycle counts;
   
iii.Fair value of long-lived assets : Fair value is generally determined using the asset’s expected future discounted cash flows or market value, if readily determinable. If long-lived assets are determined to be recoverable, but the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the net book values of the long-lived assets are depreciated over the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives. The Company considers the following to be some examples of important indicators that may trigger an impairment review:
   
i.significant under-performance or losses of assets relative to expected historical or projected future operating results;
   
ii.significant changes in the manner or use of assets or in the Company’s overall strategy with respect to the manner or use of the acquired assets or changes in the Company’s overall business strategy;
   
iii.significant negative industry or economic trends;
   
iv.increased competitive pressures;
   
v.a significant decline in the Company’s stock price for a sustained period of time; and
   
vi.regulatory changes. The Company evaluates acquired assets for potential impairment indicators at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of such events.
   
iv.Valuation allowance for deferred tax assets: Management assumes that the realization of the Company’s net deferred tax assets resulting from its net operating loss (“NOL”) carry–forwards for Federal income tax purposes that may be offset against future taxable income was not considered more likely than not and accordingly, the potential tax benefits of the net loss carry- forwards are offset by a full valuation allowance. Management made this assumption based on (a) the Company has incurred recurring losses, (b) general economic conditions, and (c) its ability to raise additional funds to support its daily operations by way of a public or private offering, among other factors.

 

These significant accounting estimates or assumptions bear the risk of change due to the fact that there are uncertainties attached to these estimates or assumptions, and certain estimates or assumptions are difficult to measure or value.

 

Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable in relation to the financial statements taken as a whole under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.

 

Management regularly evaluates the key factors and assumptions used to develop the estimates utilizing currently available information, changes in facts and circumstances, historical experience and reasonable assumptions. After such evaluations, if deemed appropriate, those estimates are adjusted accordingly.

 

Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

F-8

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The Company applies the guidance of Topic 810 “Consolidation” of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to determine whether and how to consolidate another entity. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 810-10-15-10 all majority-owned subsidiaries—all entities in which a parent has a controlling financial interest—shall be consolidated except (1) when control does not rest with the parent, the majority owner; (2) if the parent is a broker-dealer within the scope of Topic 940 and control is likely to be temporary; (3) consolidation by an investment company within the scope of Topic 946 of a non-investment-company investee. Pursuant to ASC Paragraph 810-10-15-8 the usual condition for a controlling financial interest is ownership of a majority voting interest, and, therefore, as a general rule ownership by one reporting entity, directly or indirectly, of more than 50 percent of the outstanding voting shares of another entity is a condition pointing toward consolidation. The power to control may also exist with a lesser percentage of ownership, for example, by contract, lease, agreement with other stockholders, or by court decree. The Company consolidates all less-than-majority-owned subsidiaries, if any, in which the parent’s power to control exists.

 

The Company's consolidated subsidiaries and/or entities are as follows:

 

Name of consolidated  State or other jurisdiction of  Date of incorporation or  Attributable 
subsidiary or entity  incorporation or organization  formation (date of acquisition, if applicable)  interest 
           
Griffin Filters, LLC  New York  September 6,2005 (April 30,2007)   100%
ROB Cemtrex GmbH  Germany  August 15, 2013 (October 31, 2013)   100%
Cemtrex Ltd  Hong Kong  September 4, 2013   100%
ROB Systems, Srl.  Romania  November 1, 2013   100%
Cemtrex India (Pvt) Ltd.  India  April 10, 2009   100%

 

The consolidated financial statements include all accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary as of the reporting period end dates and for the reporting periods then ended.

 

All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 820-10-35-37”) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:

 

Level 1 - Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.

 

Level 2 - Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.

 

Level 3 - Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.

 

Financial assets are considered Level 3 when their fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques and at least one significant model assumption or input is unobservable.

 

The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. If the inputs used to measure the financial assets and liabilities fall within more than one level described above, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument.

 

F-9

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, prepaid expenses and accounts payable, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments.

 

Transactions involving related parties cannot be presumed to be carried out on an arm's-length basis, as the requisite conditions of competitive, free-market dealings may not exist. Representations about transactions with related parties, if made, shall not imply that the related party transactions were consummated on terms equivalent to those that prevail in arm's-length transactions unless such representations can be substantiated.

 

Fair Value of Non-Financial Assets or Liabilities Measured on a Recurring Basis

 

The Company’s non-financial assets include inventories. The Company identifies potentially excess and slow-moving inventories by evaluating turn rates, inventory levels and other factors. Excess quantities are identified through evaluation of inventory aging, review of inventory turns and historical sales experiences. The Company provides lower of cost or market reserves for such identified excess and slow- moving inventories. The Company establishes a reserve for inventory shrinkage, if any, based on the historical results of physical inventory cycle counts.

 

Carrying Value, Recoverability and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company has adopted paragraph 360-10-35-17 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for its long-lived assets. The Company’s long-lived assets, which include property and equipment and intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

 

The Company assesses the recoverability of its long-lived assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related long-lived asset or group of long-lived assets over their remaining estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets. Fair value is generally determined using the asset’s expected future discounted cash flows or market value, if readily determinable. When long-lived assets are determined to be recoverable, but the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the net book values of the long-lived assets are depreciated over the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives.

 

The Company considers the following to be some examples of important indicators that may trigger an impairment review: (i) significant under-performance or losses of assets relative to expected historical or projected future operating results; (ii) significant changes in the manner or use of assets or in the Company’s overall strategy with respect to the manner or use of the acquired assets or changes in the Company’s overall business strategy; (iii) significant negative industry or economic trends; (iv) increased competitive pressures; (v) a significant decline in the Company’s stock price for a sustained period of time; and (vi) regulatory changes. The Company evaluates acquired assets for potential impairment indicators at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of such events.

 

The key assumptions used in management’s estimates of projected cash flow deal largely with forecasts of sales levels, gross margins, and operating costs of the manufacturing facilities. These forecasts are typically based on historical trends and take into account recent developments as well as management’s plans and intentions. Any difficulty in manufacturing or sourcing raw materials on a cost effective basis would significantly impact the projected future cash flows of the Company’s manufacturing facilities and potentially lead to an impairment charge for long-lived assets. Other factors, such as increased competition or a decrease in the desirability of the Company’s products, could lead to lower projected sales levels, which would adversely impact cash flows. A significant change in cash flows in the future could result in an impairment of long lived assets.

 

The impairment charges, if any, is included in operating expenses in the accompanying statements of operations.

 

F-10

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents.

 

Short-term Investments

 

The Company’s short-term investments consist of certificates of deposit with original maturities of greater than three months. They are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near-term and are classified as trading securities. Trading securities are recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets in current assets, with the change in fair value during the year recorded in earnings.

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company follows paragraph 310-10-50-9 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to estimate the allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company performs on-going credit evaluations of its customers and adjusts credit limits based upon payment history and the customer’s current credit worthiness, as determined by the review of their current credit information; and determines the allowance for doubtful accounts based on historical write-off experience, customer specific facts and general economic conditions that may affect a client’s ability to pay.

 

Pursuant to paragraph 310-10-50-2 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. The Company has adopted paragraph 310-10-50-6 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and determine when receivables are past due or delinquent based on how recently payments have been received.

 

Outstanding account balances are reviewed individually for collectability. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable. Bad debt expense is included in general and administrative expenses, if any.

 

The Company has $65,002 and $68,101 allowance for doubtful accounts at September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

The Company does not have any off-balance-sheet credit exposure to its customers at September 30, 2015 or 2014.

 

Inventory and Cost of Goods Sold

 

Inventory Valuation

 

The Company values inventory, consisting of finished goods, at the lower of cost or market . Cost is determined on the first-in and first- out (“FIFO”) method. The Company reduces inventory for the diminution of value, resulting from product obsolescence, damage or other issues affecting marketability, equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and its estimated market value. Factors utilized in the determination of estimated market value include (i) current sales data and historical return rates, (ii) estimates of future demand, and (iii) competitive pricing pressures.

 

Inventory Obsolescence and Markdowns

 

The Company evaluates its current level of inventory considering historical sales and other factors and, based on this evaluation, classify inventory markdowns in the income statement as a component of cost of goods sold pursuant to Paragraph 420-10-S99 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to adjust inventory to net realizable value. These markdowns are estimates, which could vary significantly from actual requirements if future economic conditions, customer demand or competition differ from expectations.

 

There was $148,967 in inventory obsolescence at September 30, 2015 and 2014.

 

F-11

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment is recorded at cost. Expenditures for major additions and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred. Depreciation of property and equipment is computed by the straight-line method (after taking into account their respective estimated residual values) over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets.

 

Upon sale or retirement of property and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in statements of operations.

 

Leases

 

Lease agreements are evaluated to determine whether they are capital leases or operating leases in accordance with paragraph 840-10-25-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 840-10-25-1”). Pursuant to Paragraph 840-10-25-1 A lessee and a lessor shall consider whether a lease meets any of the following four criteria as part of classifying the lease at its inception under the guidance in the Lessees Subsection of this Section (for the lessee) and the Lessors Subsection of this Section (for the lessor): a. Transfer of ownership. The lease transfers ownership of the property to the lessee by the end of the lease term . This criterion is met in situations in which the lease agreement provides for the transfer of title at or shortly after the end of the lease term in exchange for the payment of a nominal fee, for example, the minimum required by statutory regulation to transfer title. b. Bargain purchase option . The lease contains a bargain purchase option. c. Lease term. The lease term is equal to 75 percent or more of the estimated economic life of the leased property. d. Minimum lease payments . The present value at the beginning of the lease term of the minimum lease payments, excluding that portion of the payments representing executory costs such as insurance, maintenance, and taxes to be paid by the lessor, including any profit thereon, equals or exceeds 90 percent of the excess of the fair value of the leased property to the lessor at lease inception over any related investment tax credit retained by the lessor and expected to be realized by the lessor. In accordance with paragraphs 840-10- 25-29 and 840-10-25-30, if at its inception a lease meets any of the four lease classification criteria in Paragraph 840-10-25-1, the lease shall be classified by the lessee as a capital lease; and if none of the four criteria in Paragraph 840-10-25-1 are met, the lease shall be classified by the lessee as an operating lease. Pursuant to Paragraph 840-10- 25-31 a lessee shall compute the present value of the minimum lease payments using the lessee's incremental borrowing rate unless both of the following conditions are met, in which circumstance the lessee shall use the implicit rate: a.) It is practicable for the lessee to learn the implicit rate computed by the lessor. b.) The implicit rate computed by the lessor is less than the lessee's incremental borrowing rate. Capital lease assets are depreciated on a straight line method, over the capital lease assets estimated useful lives consistent with the Company’s normal depreciation policy for tangible fixed assets. Interest charges are expensed over the period of the lease in relation to the carrying value of the capital lease obligation.

 

Operating leases primarily relate to the Company’s leases of office spaces. When the terms of an operating lease include tenant improvement allowances, periods of free rent, rent concessions, and/or rent escalation amounts, the Company establishes a deferred rent liability for the difference between the scheduled rent payment and the straight-line rent expense recognized, which is amortized over the underlying lease term on a straight-line basis as a reduction of rent expense.

 

The Company has adopted Subtopic 350-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for intangible assets other than goodwill. Under the requirements, the Company amortizes the acquisition costs of intangible assets other than goodwill on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, the terms of the exclusive licenses and/or agreements, or the terms of legal lives of the intangible assets , whichever is shorter . Upon becoming fully amortized, the related cost and accumulated amortization are removed from the accounts.

 

F-12

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Related Parties

 

The Company follows subtopic 850-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.

 

Pursuant to Section 850-10-20 the related parties include a. affiliates of the Company; b. entities for which investments in their equity securities would be required, absent the election of the fair value option under the Fair Value Option Subsection of Section 825–10–15, to be accounted for by the equity method by the investing entity; c. trusts for the benefit of employees, such as pension and profit-sharing trusts that are managed by or under the trusteeship of management; d. principal owners of the Company; e. management of the Company; f. other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests; and g. other parties that can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or that have an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests.

 

The financial statements shall include disclosures of material related party transactions, other than compensation arrangements, expense allowances, and other similar items in the ordinary course of business. However, disclosure of transactions that are eliminated in the preparation of consolidated or combined financial statements is not required in those statements. The disclosures shall include: a. the nature of the relationship(s) involved b. description of the transactions, including transactions to which no amounts or nominal amounts were ascribed, for each of the periods for which income statements are presented, and such other information deemed necessary to an understanding of the effects of the transactions on the financial statements; c. the dollar amounts of transactions for each of the periods for which income statements are presented and the effects of any change in the method of establishing the terms from that used in the preceding period; and d. amounts due from or to related parties as of the date of each balance sheet presented and, if not otherwise apparent, the terms and manner of settlement.

 

Commitment and Contingencies

 

The Company follows subtopic 450-20 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to report accounting for contingencies. Certain conditions may exist as of the date the consolidated financial statements are issued, which may result in a loss to the Company but which will only be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. The Company assesses such contingent liabilities, and such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment. In assessing loss contingencies related to legal proceedings that are pending against the Company or unasserted claims that may result in such proceedings, the Company evaluates the perceived merits of any legal proceedings or unasserted claims as well as the perceived merits of the amount of relief sought or expected to be sought therein.

 

If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is probable that a material loss has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, then the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. If the assessment indicates that a potential material loss contingency is not probable but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability, and an estimate of the range of possible losses, if determinable and material, would be disclosed.

 

Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed unless they involve guarantees, in which case the guarantees would be disclosed. Management does not believe, based upon information available at this time, that these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. However, there is no assurance that such matters will not materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial position, and results of operations or cash flows.

 

F-13

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company follows paragraph 605-10-S99-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for revenue recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (ii) the product has been shipped or the services have been rendered to the customer, (iii) the sales price is fixed or determinable, and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured.

 

The Company derives its revenues from sales of its products, with revenues being generated upon the shipment of merchandise. Persuasive evidence of an arrangement is demonstrated via sales invoice or contract; the sales price to the customer is fixed upon acceptance of the signed purchase order or contract and there is no separate sales rebate, discount, or volume incentive.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

 

The Company accounts for shipping and handling fees in accordance with paragraph 605-45-45-19 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. While amounts charged to customers for shipping products are included in revenues, the related costs are classified in cost of goods sold as incurred.

 

Income Tax Provision

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under Section 740-10-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

The Company adopted section 740-10-25 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Section 740-10-25”). Section 740-10-25 addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under Section 740-10-25, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty (50) percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Section 740-10-25 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes, accounting in interim periods and requires increased disclosures.

 

The estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities are reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as tax credit carry-backs and carry-forwards. The Company periodically reviews the recoverability of deferred tax assets recorded on its consolidated balance sheets and provides valuation allowances as management deems necessary.

 

Management makes judgments as to the interpretation of the tax laws that might be challenged upon an audit and cause changes to previous estimates of tax liability. In addition, the Company operates within multiple taxing jurisdictions and is subject to audit in these jurisdictions. In management’s opinion, adequate provisions for income taxes have been made for all years. If actual taxable income by tax jurisdiction varies from estimates, additional allowances or reversals of reserves may be necessary.

 

Uncertain Tax Positions

 

The Company did not take any uncertain tax positions and had no adjustments to its income tax liabilities or benefits pursuant to the provisions of Section 740-10-25 for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015 or 2014.

 

F-14

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Net Income (Loss) per Common Share

 

Net income (loss) per common share is computed pursuant to section 260-10-45 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potentially dilutive outstanding shares of common stock during the period to reflect the potential dilution that could occur from common shares issuable through contingent share arrangements, stock options and warrants.

 

There were 67,569 and zero potentially dilutive common shares outstanding for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015 or 2014, respectively.

 

Foreign Currency Translation Gain and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

In countries in which the Company operates, and the functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar, assets and liabilities are translated using published exchange rates in effect at the consolidated balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses and cash flows are translated using an approximate weighted average exchange rate for the period. Resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. For the years ending September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, comprehensive income includes losses of $177,329 and $156,559, respectively, which were entirely from foreign currency translation.

 

Cash Flows Reporting

 

The Company adopted paragraph 230-10-45-24 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for cash flows reporting, classifies cash receipts and payments according to whether they stem from operating, investing, or financing activities and provides definitions of each category, and uses the indirect or reconciliation method (“Indirect method”) as defined by paragraph 230-10-45-25 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to report net cash flow from operating activities by adjusting net income to reconcile it to net cash flow from operating activities by removing the effects of (a) all deferrals of past operating cash receipts and payments and all accruals of expected future operating cash receipts and payments and (b) all items that are included in net income that do not affect operating cash receipts and payments. The Company reports the reporting currency equivalent of foreign currency cash flows, using the current exchange rate at the time of the cash flows and the effect of exchange rate changes on cash held in foreign currencies is reported as a separate item in the reconciliation of beginning and ending balances of cash and cash equivalents and separately provides information about investing and financing activities not resulting in cash receipts or payments in the period pursuant to paragraph 830-230-45-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company follows the guidance in Section 855-10-50 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for the disclosure of subsequent events. The Company will evaluate subsequent events through the date when the financial statements were issued. Pursuant to ASU 2010-09 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, the Company as an SEC filer considers its financial statements issued when they are widely distributed to users, such as through filing them on EDGAR.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.

 

F-15

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Interest - "Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs." The guidance requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with the presentation for debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this ASU. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-15, Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements - Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the June 2015 EITF Meeting. ASU 2015-15 amends Subtopic 835-30 to include that the SEC would not object to the deferral and presentation of debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequent amortization of debt issuance costs over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, whether or not there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2015, and must be applied on a retrospective basis with early adoption permitted. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-12, "Plan Accounting—Defined Benefit Pension Plans (Topic 960), Defined Contribution Pension Plans (Topic 962) Health and Welfare Benefit Plans (Topic 965)". There are three parts to the ASU that aim to simplify the accounting and presentation of plan accounting. Part I of this ASU requires fully benefit-responsive investment contracts to be measured at contract value instead of the current fair value measurement. Part II of this ASU requires investments (both participant-directed and nonparticipant-directed investments) of employee benefit plans be grouped only by general type, eliminating the need to disaggregate the investments in multiple ways. Part III of this ASU provides a similar measurement date practical expedient for employee benefit plans as available in ASU No. 2015-04, which allows employers to measure defined benefit plan assets on a month-end date that is nearest to the year’s fiscal year-end when the fiscal period does not coincide with a month-end. Parts I and II of the new guidance should be applied on a retrospective basis. Part III of the new guidance should be applied on a prospective basis. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory," which amends ASC 330, Inventory. This ASU simplifies the subsequent measurement of inventory by using only the lower of cost and net realizable value. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2016, and must be applied on a retrospective basis with early adoption permitted. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805): "Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments," which eliminates the requirement for an acquirer in a business combination to account for measurement-period adjustments retrospectively. Under this ASU, acquirers must recognize measurement-period adjustments in the period in which they determine the amounts, including the effect on earnings of any amounts they would have recorded in previous periods if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

The Company complies with the provisions of ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”).  Under ASC 820, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the “exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

 

F-16

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets measured at fair value as of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014:  

 

   Quoted Prices   Significant         
   in Active   Other   Significant   Balance 
   Markets for   Observable   Unobservable   as of 
   Identical Assets   Inputs   Inputs   September 30, 
   (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3)   2015 
Assets                    
Investment in certificates of deposit                                                                            
(included in short-term investments)  $-   $-   $-   $- 
                     
   $-   $-   $-   $- 

 

   Quoted Prices   Significant         
   in Active   Other   Significant   Balance 
   Markets for   Observable   Observable   as of 
   Identical Assets   Inputs   Inputs   September 30, 
   (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3)   2014 
Assets                    
Investment in certificates of deposit                    
(included in short-term investments)  $559,815   $-   $-   $559,815 
                     
   $559,815   $-   $-   $559,815 

 

NOTE 4 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE, NET

 

Accounts receivable, net consists of the following:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Accounts receivable  $4,836,046   $4,106,441 
Allowance for doubtful accounts   (65,002)   (68,101)
   $4,771,044   $4,038,340 

 

Accounts receivable include amounts due for shipped products and services rendered.

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts include estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments.

 

NOTE 5 – INVENTORY, NET

 

Inventory, net of reserves, consist of the following:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Raw materials  $3,345,432   $3,449,501 
Work in progress   1,306,906    1,254,013 
Finished goods   1,866,145    1,715,780 
    6,518,483    6,419,294 
           
Less: Allowance for inventory obsolescence   (148,967)  $(148,967)
Inventory –net of allowance for inventory obsolescence  $6,369,516   $6,270,327 

 

F-17

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment are summarized as follows:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Land  $1,194,979   $1,065,500 
Building   3,938,544    4,387,880 
Furniture and office equipment   576,741    316,715 
Computer software   286,638    46,619 
Machinery and equipment   3,663,526    2,234,423 
    9,660,428    8,051,137 
           
Less: Accumulated depreciation   (1,517,905)   (652,041)
Property and equipment, net  $8,142,523   $7,399,096 

 

The Company completed the annual impairment test of property and equipment and determined that there was no impairment as the fair value of property and equipment, substantially exceeded their carrying values at September 30, 2015. Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment totaled approximately $772,434 and $494,654 for fiscal years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

NOTE 7 – PREPAID AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

On September 30, 2015 the Company had prepaid and other current assets consisting of prepayments on inventory purchases of $120,296 and other current assets of $773,496 and on September 30, 2014 had $531,262, of prepayments on inventory purchases.

 

NOTE 8 – CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE

 

As of September 30, 2015 the Company has the following unsecured convertible notes, issued on the dates listed, to various unrelated third parties outstanding.

 

Date  Amount   Maturity period  Interest rate   Conversion price  Conversion period
March 26, 2015  $100,000   12 Months   10%  70% of market  6 Months
May 7, 2015   200,000   9 Months   8%  65% of market  6 Months
May 12, 2015   174,000   9 Months   8%  65% of market  6 Months
June 8, 2015   200,000   12 Months   10%  70% of market  6 Months
June 25, 2015   300,000   12 Months   8%  65% of market  6 Months
August 21, 2015   300,000   12 Months   10%  75% of market  6 Months
Total  $1,274,000               

 

The use of the proceeds from the notes issued is for growth capital and planned acquisitions. As per the terms of these convertible notes the Company has reserved 1,500,000 shares (post reverse split basis) representing approximately six times the actual shares that would be issued upon conversion of all the notes.

 

As of September 30, 2015, 371,069 shares of the Company’s common stock have been issued to satisfy $658,000 of convertible notes payable.

 

NOTE 9 – LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

 

Loan payable to bank

 

On October 31, 2013, the company acquired a term loan from Sparkasse Bank of Germany in the amount of €3,000,000 ($4,006,500, based upon exchange rate on October 31, 2013) in order to fund the purchase of ROB Cemtrex GmbH. $3,133,286 of the proceeds went to direct purchase of ROB Cemtrex GmbH and $873,214 funded beginning operations. This loan carries interest of 4.95% per annum and is payable on October 30, 2021.

 

F-18

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

On October 31, 2013, the company acquired a working capital credit line from Sparkasse Bank of Germany in the amount of €1,000,000 ($1,335,500, based upon exchange rate on October 31, 2013) in order to further fund the operations of ROB Cemtrex GmbH. This loan carries interest of 4.00% per annum and is renewable every year. In February of 2014 and in May of 2014 the Company increased this credit line by €500,000 at each instance to a total of €2,000,000.

 

On March 1, 2014 the Company completed the purchase of the building that ROB Cemtrex GmbH occupies in Neulingen, Germany. The purchase was fully financed through Sparkasse Bank of Germany for €4,000,000 ($5,500,400 based upon the exchange rate on March 1, 2014). This mortgage carries interest of 3.00% and is payable over 17 years.

 

On May 28, 2014 the Company financed an upgrade of the information technology infrastructure for ROB Cemtrex GmbH. The purchase was fully financed through a term loan Sparkasse Bank of Germany for €200,000 ($272,840 based upon the exchange rate on May 28, 2014). This loan carries interest of 4.50% and is payable over 4 years.

 

Loan payable to Shareholder

 

Please see Note 11 – Related Party Transactions for details on loans payable to Ducon Technologies, Inc..

 

NOTE 10 – BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

On October 31, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of the privately held ROB Group, a leader in electronics manufacturing solutions located in Neulingen, Germany. The ROB Group, founded in 1989, consisted of 4 distinct operating companies, forming a complete electronics design, manufacturing, assembly, and cabling solutions provider that serves the electronics and cabling needs of some of the largest companies in the world in the Medical, Automation, Industrial, and Renewable Energy industries. ROB Group also has a manufacturing facility in Sibiu, Romania. ROB Cemtrex GmbH now operates as a subsidiary of Cemtrex, Inc..

 

The operating results of ROB Cemtrex GmbH from October 31, 2013 to September 30, 2014 are included in the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Operations. The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2014 reflects the acquisition of ROB Cemtrex GmbH, effective October 31, 2013. The acquisition date fair value of the total consideration transferred was $5.936 million, which consisted of the following:

 

Loan from bank   3,133,286 
Loan from related party   2,803,012 
Total Purchase Price  $5,936,298 

 

In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805, Business Combinations ("ASC 805"), the total purchase consideration is allocated to the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of October 31, 2013 (the acquisition date). The purchase price was allocated based on the information currently available, and may be adjusted after obtaining more information regarding, among other things, asset valuations, liabilities assumed, and revisions of preliminary estimates.

 

F-19

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

Inventories  $4,941,350 
Property and Equipment   981,593 
Other long-term assets   13,355 
Net assets acquired  $5,936,298 

 

NOTE 11 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company has Notes payable to Ducon Technologies Inc., totaling $119,055 and $1,869,791 at September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, respectively. These notes are unsecured and carry 5% interest per annum.

 

NOTE 12 – SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value. As of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, there were 1,000,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively.

 

Each issued and outstanding Series A Preferred Share shall be entitled to the number of votes equal to the result of: (i) the number of shares of common stock of the Company issued and outstanding at the time of such vote multiplied by 1.01; divided by (ii) the total number of Series A Preferred Shares issued and outstanding at the time of such vote, at each meeting of shareholders of the Company with respect to any and all matters presented to the shareholders of the Company for their action or consideration, including the election of directors. Holders of Series A Preferred Shares shall vote together with the holders of Common Shares as a single class.

 

During the year ending September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company did not issue any Series A Preferred Stock.

 

Common Stock

 

On April 3, 2015, our Board of Directors approved a reverse split of our common stock, par value $0.001, at a ratio of one-for-six. This reverse stock split became effective on April 15, 2015 and, unless otherwise indicated, all share amounts. Per share data, share prices, exercise prices and conversion rates set forth in this Report and the accompanying consolidated financial statements have, where applicable, been adjusted retroactively to reflect this reverse stock split.

 

On June 25, 2015 the Company’s common stock commenced trading on the NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “CETX”.

 

The Company is authorized to issue 20,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value. As of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, there were 7,158,087 and 6,766,587 shares issued and outstanding, respectively.

 

During the year ending September 30, 2015 the company issued 391,500 shares of Common Stock. During the year ended September 30, 2014 the Company did not issue any Common Stock.

 

During the year ending September 30, 2014 the company issued stock options for 100,000 shares to three key executives of ROB Cemtrex GmbH. These options have a call price of $1.80 per share, vest over four years, and expire after six years. During the year ended September 30, 2015 16,264 shares of common stock were issued in relation to these options.

 

During the year ending September 30, 2015 the company issued 371,069 shares of common stock to satisfy $658,000 of convertible notes payable (see NOTE 8).

 

F-20

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

NOTE 13 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company’s Environmental Products and Services Group leases (i) approx. 5,000 sq. ft. of office and warehouse space in Liverpool, New York from a third party in a five year lease at a monthly rent of $2,200 expiring on March 31, 2018, (ii) approximately 2000 square feet of office on a month to month rental from a third party in Hong Kong at a monthly rental of $4,133.00 and (iii) approximately 1500 square feet of office on a month to month rental from a third party in Navi Mumbai, India at a monthly rental of $600.00.

 

The Company through its Electronics Manufacturing Services Group owns a 70,000 sq. ft. manufacturing building in Neulingen, Germany which has a 17 year 3.00% interest mortgage with monthly mortgage payments of €25,000, through March 2031. The Electronics Manufacturing Services Group also rents a 10,000 sq. ft. manufacturing facility in Sibiu, Romania from a third party in a ten year lease at a monthly rent of €8,000 expiring on May 31, 2019.

 

NOTE 14 – INCOME TAX PROVISION

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of FASB ASC 740, “Income Taxes”, formerly referenced as SFAS No.109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”. Under the provisions of FASB ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between their financial statement carrying values and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Significant judgment is required in determining any valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, the Company considers all available evidence including past operating results, estimates of future taxable income, and the feasibility of tax planning strategies. In the event that the Company changes its determination as to the amount of deferred tax assets that can be realized, the Company will adjust its valuation allowance with a corresponding impact to the provision for income taxes in the period in which such determination is made.

 

The provision for income taxes is as follows:

 

   September 30, 2015   September 30, 2014 
Current taxes payable          
Federal  $5,594   $14,048 
State   5,506    13,825 
Foreign   (10,183)   34,159 
Deferred tax asset:   -    - 
Deferred tax valuation allowance   -    - 
Total  $917   $62,032 

 

F-21

 

 

Cemtrex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

Reconciliation of the federal statutory income tax rate to the effective income tax rate is as follows:

 

   For the Fiscal Year   For the Fiscal Year 
   Ended   Ended 
   September 30, 2015   September 30, 2014 
U.S. statutory rate   34.00%   34.00%
State income taxes (net of federal benefit)   9.00    9.00 
Permanent differences   (42.97)   (37.40)
Benefit of net operating loss carry-forward   0.00    0.00 
Effective rate   0.03%   5.60%

 

At September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company has no net operating loss carryovers.

 

NOTE 15 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On October 23, 2015, the Company issued a convertible note to an unrelated third party, in the amount of $515,000 which has twelve (12) month maturity, carries a 5% per annum interest rate and can be converted into Company’s common stock at a conversion price equaling 75% of the market price after six months from the date of issuance at the holder’s option.

 

On November 04, 2015, the Company issued a convertible note to another unrelated third party in the amount of $500,000 which has twelve (12) month maturity, carries a 10% per annum interest rate and can be converted into Company’s common stock at a conversion price equaling 75% of the market price after six months from the date of issuance at the holder’s option.

 

From October 1, 2015 to December 11, 2015, the company issued 369,265 shares of common stock pursuant to the conversion of $574,000 of convertible notes.

 

On December 15, 2015 Company acquired Advanced Industrial Services Inc. and its affiliate subsidiary company based in York, Pennsylvania for purchase price of approximately $7,500,000, and acquisition related expenses of $476,340. The purchase price was paid with $5,000,000 in cash, $1,500,000 in a seller's note, and $1,000,000 in the form of 315,458 shares of Cemtrex restricted Common Stock. AIS averaged approximately $23 million in annual revenue and $2.4 million in annual normalized EBITDA over the two calendar years 2013 and 2014. The Company worked with a local bank to finance the $5.25 million self-amortizing, seven (7) year term loan and $3.5 million working capital credit line for the transaction. The loans carry annual interest rates of 30 day LIBOR plus 2.25 and 2.0 respectively. The seller’s note is for 3 years at 6% amortizing in equal monthly payments starting February 15, 2016.

 

F-22