485BPOS 1 d12426d485bpos.htm 485BPOS 485BPOS

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 14, 2015

1933 Act File No. 333-150525

1940 Act File No. 811-22201

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20543

FORM N-1A

 

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

   [ X ]
 

Pre-Effective Amendment No.

  

 

      [     ]
 

Post-Effective Amendment No.

  

141

      [ X ]

and/or

 

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940

   [ X ]
 

Amendment No.

  

143

      [ X ]

(Check appropriate box or boxes.)

DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

(Exact name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor

New York, New York 10019

(Address of Principal Executive Office) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code: (646) 572-3390

Daniel D. O’Neill, Chief Executive Officer

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor

New York, New York 10019

(Name and Address of Agent for Service)

Copy to:

Angela Brickl    Eric S. Purple
Rafferty Asset Management, LLC    K&L Gates LLP
1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue)    1601 K Street, NW
35th Floor    Washington, DC 20006
New York, New York 10019   

It is proposed that this filing will become effective (check appropriate box)

 

  [ X ]

immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)

  [     ]

On (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)

  [     ]

60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

  [     ]

On (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)

  [     ]

75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)

  [     ]

on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485.

If appropriate, check the following box:

 

  [     ]

This post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment.


DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

CONTENTS OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT

This registration document is comprised of the following:

Cover Sheet

Contents of Registration Statement:

Prospectuses and Statements of Additional Information for the Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares, Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares, Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 3X Shares and the Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 3X Shares;

Part C of Form N-1A;

Signature Page; and

Exhibits.


LOGO

DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

PROSPECTUS

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor          New York, New York 10019          866-476-7523

www.direxioninvestments.com

 

2X BULL FUND    2X BEAR FUND
   

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares

 

  

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares

 

August 14, 2015

The funds offered in this prospectus (each a “Fund” and collectively the “Funds”), upon commencement of operations, will trade on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”).

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results and are intended to be used as short-term trading vehicles. The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares (the “Bull Fund”) attempts to provide daily investment results that correlate to two times the performance of an underlying index on a daily basis. The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares (the “Bear Fund”) attempts to provide daily investment results that correlate to two times the inverse (or opposite) of the performance of an underlying index on a daily basis.

The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The Funds are very different from most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. Investors should note that:

 

  (1)

The Funds pursue daily leveraged investment objectives, which means that the Funds are riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Funds magnify the performance of their underlying index.

 

  (2)

The Bear Fund pursues a daily leveraged investment objective that is inverse to the performance of its underlying index, a result opposite of most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.

 

  (3)

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results. The pursuit of these investment objectives means that the return of a Fund for a period longer than a full trading day will be the product of the series of daily leveraged returns for each trading day during the relevant period. As a consequence, especially in periods of market volatility, the volatility of the underlying index may affect a Fund’s return as much or more than the return of the underlying index. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of a Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective and the performance of the underlying index for the full trading day.


The Funds are not suitable for all investors. The Funds are designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Such investors are expected to monitor and manage their portfolios frequently. Investors in the Funds should:

 

  (a)

understand the risks associated with the use of leverage,

  (b)

understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results,

  (c)

for the Bear Fund, understand the risk of shorting, and

  (d)

intend to actively monitor and manage their investments.

Investors who do not understand the Funds or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments should not buy the Funds.

There is no assurance that any Fund will achieve its investment objective and an investment in a Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

If a Fund’s underlying index moves more than 50% on a given trading day in a direction adverse to the Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money. The Funds’ investment adviser, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or “Adviser”), will attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not lose more than 90% of its net asset value on a given trading day. The cost of such downside protection will be limitations on a Fund’s gains. As a consequence, a Fund’s portfolio may not be responsive to underlying index movements beyond 45% on a given trading day, whether that movement is favorable or adverse to the Fund. For example, if the Bull Fund’s underlying index was to gain 50%, that Fund might be limited to a daily gain of 90%, which corresponds to 200% of an underlying index gain of 45%, rather than 200% of an underlying index gain of 50%.

These securities have not been approved or disapproved by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”), nor have the SEC or CFTC passed upon the adequacy of this Prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SUMMARY OF DIREXIONSHARES

     1   

DIREXION DAILY HOMEBUILDERS & SUPPLIES BULL 2X SHARES

     1   

DIREXION DAILY HOMEBUILDERS & SUPPLIES BEAR 2X SHARES

     9   

OVERVIEW OF THE DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

     17   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING INVESTMENT TECHNIQUES AND POLICIES

     19   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING PRINCIPAL RISKS

     27   

UNDERLYING INDEX LICENSORS

     35   

HOW TO BUY AND SELL SHARES

     35   

ABOUT YOUR INVESTMENT

     36   

SHORT-TERM TRADING

     37   

CREATIONS, REDEMPTIONS AND TRANSACTION FEES

     37   

MANAGEMENT OF THE FUNDS

     38   

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS

     39   

OTHER SERVICE PROVIDERS

     39   

DISTRIBUTIONS

     39   

TAXES

     40   

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

     42   

MORE INFORMATION

     Back Cover   


SUMMARY OF Direxionshares

 

DIREXION DAILY HOMEBUILDERS &

SUPPLIES BULL 2X SHARES

 

 Important Information Regarding the Fund

 

The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares (“Fund”) seeks daily leveraged investment results. The pursuit of daily leveraged goals means that the Fund is riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Fund’s objective is to magnify the performance of an underlying index. The pursuit of daily leveraged investment goals means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a full trading day may have no resemblance to 200% of the return of its underlying index for such longer period because the aggregate return of the Fund is the product of the series of each trading day’s daily leveraged returns. During periods of market volatility, the volatility of the underlying index may affect the Fund’s return as much as or more than the return of the underlying index. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of the Fund’s stated investment objective and the performance of the underlying index for the full trading day.

 

 Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the performance of the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index. The Fund seeks daily leveraged investment results and does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective over a period of time greater than one day. The Fund is different and much riskier than most exchange-traded funds.

The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results, understand the risks associated with the use of leverage and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund seeks daily leveraged investment results relative to the Index and is different and riskier than similarly benchmarked exchange-traded funds that do not use leverage. Therefore, the Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

 

 Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy or hold shares of the Fund (“Shares”). Investors purchasing shares in the secondary market may

pay costs (including customary brokerage commissions) charged by their broker.

ANNUAL FUND OPERATING

EXPENSES(1)

(expenses that you pay each year as a

percentage of the value of your investment)

Management Fees

   0.75%

Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees

   0.00%

Other Expenses of the Fund(2)

   0.21%

Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses

   0.09%
  

 

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses

   1.05%

Expense Cap/Reimbursement

   (0.01%)
  

 

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After

Expense Cap/Reimbursement

   1.04%
  

 

(1)

Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or the “Adviser”) has entered into an Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with the Fund. Under the Operating Expense Limitation Agreement, Rafferty has contractually agreed to cap all or a portion of its management fee and/or reimburse the Fund for Other Expenses through September 1, 2017, to the extent that the Fund’s Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses exceed 0.95% of the Fund’s daily net assets (excluding, as applicable, among other expenses, taxes, leverage interest, acquired fund fees and expenses, dividends or interest on short positions, other interest expenses, brokerage commissions, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization and extraordinary expenses such as litigation). Any expense cap is subject to reimbursement by the Fund within the following three years only if overall expenses fall below these percentage limitations. This agreement may be terminated or revised at any time with the consent of the Board of Trustees.

(2)

Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s current fiscal year.

 

 Expense Example

 

The example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

1 Year      3 Years      
$106      $333      

 

 Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These

 

 

1


costs, which are not reflected in Annual Fund Operating Expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance.

 

 Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, creates long positions by investing at least 80% of its assets in the securities that comprise the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index (“Index”) and/or financial instruments that provide leveraged and unleveraged exposure to the Index. These financial instruments include: swap agreements, including swap agreements on exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”); futures contracts; options on securities, indices and futures contracts; equity caps, floors and collars; forward contracts; reverse repurchase agreements; ETFs; and other financial instruments. On a day-to-day basis, the Fund invests the remainder of its assets in money market funds, depository accounts with institutions with high quality credit ratings or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements.

The Index is provided by Standard & Poor’s (the “Index Provider”) and includes domestic companies from the homebuilding industry. The Index is designed to measure the performance of the homebuilding industry, which may include a group of sub-industries determined based on the Global Industry Classification Standards (“GICS”). Companies in the Index are classified using the GICS classifications which are determined primarily based on a company’s revenues, however, earnings and market perception are also considered by GICS. The Index consists of constituents of the S&P Total Market Index (“S&P TMI”) that belong to the GICS homebuilders sub-industry or group of sub-industries that are U.S. based companies that have a float-adjusted market capitalization above $500 million with a float-adjusted liquidity ratio (defined by dollar value traded over the previous 12 months divided by the float-adjusted market capitalization as of the Index rebalancing reference date) above 90% or have a float-adjusted market capitalization above $400 million with a float-adjusted liquidity ratio (as defined above) above 150%. The market capitalization threshold may be relaxed to ensure that there are at least 22 stocks in the Index as of the rebalancing effective date. Rebalancing is done quarterly. The S&P TMI tracks all U.S. common stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange (including the NYSE Arca, Inc. and NYSE Amex), the NASDAQ Global Select Market, the NASDAQ Select Market and the NASDAQ Capital Market.

As of June 30, 2015, the Index was comprised of 35 stocks. The companies included in the Index have a median market capitalization of $4.8 billion as of June 30,

2015. Component securities have capitalizations ranging from $605 million to $144.4 billion as of June 30, 2015. The Index may include large-, mid- or small-capitalization companies, and components primarily include consumer goods, consumer services, home construction and industrials companies. The components of the Index and the percentages represented by certain industries in the Index may change over time. The Fund will concentrate its investment (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in the stocks of a particular industry or group of industries) in a particular industry or group of industries to approximately the same extent as the Index is so concentrated.

The Fund may gain leveraged exposure to the Index by utilizing other ETFs or swaps on ETFs that track the same Index or a substantially similar index as the Fund. At times, however, the Fund will utilize other derivatives and investment strategies which may include gaining leveraged exposure to only a representative sample of the securities in the Index that have aggregate characteristics similar to those of the Index. The Fund gains this exposure either by directly investing in the underlying securities of the Index or by investing in derivatives that provide leveraged exposure to those securities. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. The Fund invests in derivatives as a substitute for investing directly in a security in order to gain leveraged exposure to the Index or its components. The Fund seeks to remain fully invested at all times consistent with its stated investment objective. At the close of the markets each trading day, Rafferty positions the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to the Index is consistent with the Fund’s stated investment objective. The impact of the Index’s movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be re-positioned. For example, if the Index has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the Index has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This re-positioning strategy typically results in high portfolio turnover.

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from 200% of the return of the Index over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the Index performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the Index’s volatility and the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the Index’s performance increases.

 

 

2


Additionally, because a significant portion of the assets of the Fund may come from investors using “asset allocation” and “market timing” investment strategies, the Fund may further engage in frequent trading.

 

 Principal Investment Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund could lose money or its performance could trail that of other investment alternatives. The Adviser cannot guarantee that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. In addition, the Fund presents some risks not traditionally associated with most mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand how these risks interrelate before making an investment in the Fund. Turbulence in financial markets and reduced liquidity in equity, credit and fixed income markets could negatively affect issuers worldwide, including the Fund. There is the risk that you could lose all or a portion of your money invested in the Fund.

Aggressive Investment Techniques Risk

The Fund uses investment techniques that may be considered aggressive and may entail significantly higher than normal risk. Risks associated with the use of futures contracts, forward contracts, options and swap agreements include potentially dramatic price changes (losses) in the value of the instruments and imperfect correlations between the price of the contract and the underlying security or index. These instruments may increase the volatility of the Fund and may involve a small investment of cash relative to the magnitude of the risk assumed.

Consumer Goods Industry Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer goods industry. Because companies in the consumer goods industry manufacture products, the success of these companies is tied closely to the performance of the overall domestic and international economy, interest rates, competition and consumer confidence. Additionally, government regulation, including new laws, affecting the permissibility of using various production methods or other types of inputs such as materials, may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry. Changes or trends in commodity prices, which may be influenced or characterized by unpredictable factors may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry.

Consumer Services Industry Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer services industry. Because companies provide services directly to consumers, these companies are impacted by competition and consumer confidence and are dependent on disposable household income and discretionary consumer spending. Changes in

demographics and consumer tastes can impact demand for, and the success of consumer service companies.

Counterparty Risk

The Fund may invest in financial instruments involving counterparties for the purpose of attempting to gain exposure to a particular group of securities or an asset class without actually purchasing those securities or investments. These financial instruments may include, but are not limited to, swap agreements. The use of swap agreements and other counterparty instruments involves risks that are different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. For example, the Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap agreement counterparty. Swap agreements and other counterparty instruments also may be considered to be illiquid. In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements that involve a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. The Fund does not specifically limit its counterparty risk with respect to any single counterparty. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its investment objective.

Daily Index Correlation/Tracking Risk

There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation to the Index and therefore achieve its daily leveraged investment objective. To achieve a high degree of correlation with the Index, the Fund seeks to rebalance its portfolio daily to keep leverage consistent with its daily leveraged investment objective. The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily leveraged investment objective due to fees, expenses, transactions costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, income items, valuation methodology, accounting standards and disruptions or illiquidity in the markets for the securities or derivatives held by the Fund. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions or extreme volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels. The Fund may not have investment exposure to all securities in the Index, or its weighting of investment exposure to such stocks or industries may be different from that of the Index. In addition, the Fund may invest in securities or financial instruments not included in the Index. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to its Index. In addition, the target amount of portfolio exposure to the Index is impacted dynamically by the Index’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to the Index at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to its Index increases on days when the Index is volatile near the close of the

 

 

3


trading day. Activities surrounding periodic index reconstitutions and other index rebalancing or reconstitution events may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily leveraged investment objective.

Derivatives Risk

The Fund uses investment techniques, including investment in derivatives, such as swaps, futures and forward contracts, and options, that may be considered aggressive. The use of derivatives may result in larger losses or smaller gains than investing in the underlying securities directly. Investments in these derivatives may generally be subject to market risks that cause their prices to fluctuate more than an investment directly in a security and may increase the volatility of the Fund. The use of derivatives may expose the Fund to additional risks such as counterparty risk, liquidity risk and increased daily correlation risk. When the Fund uses derivatives, there may be imperfect correlation between the value of the underlying reference assets and the derivative, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective. The Fund may use a combination of swaps on the Index and swaps on an ETF whose investment objective is to track the performance of the Index. The performance of this underlying ETF may not track the performance of the Index due to fees and other costs borne by the ETF and other factors. Thus, to the extent that the Fund invests in swaps that use an ETF as an underlying reference asset, the Fund may be subject to greater correlation risk and may not achieve as high a degree of correlation with the Index as it would if the Fund used swaps that utilized the Index securities as a reference or as an underlying asset. Any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. In addition, the Fund’s investments in derivatives, as of the date of this Prospectus, are subject to the following risks:

Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a basket of securities representing a particular index. Total return swaps are subject to counterparty risk, which relates to credit risk of the counterparty and liquidity risk of the swaps themselves.

Futures Contracts. There may be an imperfect correlation between the changes in market value of the

securities held by the Fund and the prices of futures contracts. There may not be a liquid secondary market for the futures contracts.

Forward Contracts. Forward contracts are two-party contracts pursuant to which one party agrees to pay the counterparty a fixed price for an agreed upon amount of commodities, securities, or the cash value of the commodities, securities or the securities index, at an agreed upon date. A forward currency contract is an obligation to buy or sell a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days from the date of the contract agreed upon by the parties, at a price set at the time of the contract.

Options. There may be an imperfect correlation between the prices of options and movements in the price of the securities (or indices) hedged or used for cover, which may cause a given hedge not to achieve its investment objective.

Early Close/Trading Halt Risk

An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses.

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk

The Fund does not attempt to, and should not be expected to, provide returns which are 200% of the return of the Index for periods other than a single day. The Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to that day’s gains or reducing exposure in response to that day’s losses. This means that for a period longer than one day, the pursuit of a daily investment objective may result in daily leveraged compounding. It also means that the return of an index over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by the Fund’s daily target (200%) generally will not equal the Fund’s performance over that same period. If daily performance of the Index reduces the amount of a shareholder’s investment, any further adverse daily performance will lead to a smaller dollar loss because the shareholder’s investment had already been reduced by the prior adverse performance. Equally, however, if daily performance of the Index increases the amount of a shareholder’s investment, the dollar amount lost due to future adverse performance will increase correspondingly.

As a result, over time, the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in the value of the Fund’s portfolio may diverge significantly from the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in 200% of the return of the Index due to the compounding effect of losses and gains on the

 

 

4


returns of the Fund. It also is expected that the Fund’s use of leverage will cause the Fund to underperform 200% of the return of the Index in a trendless or flat market.

The effect of compounding becomes more pronounced on the Fund’s performance as the Index experiences volatility. The Index’s volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of the Index. The table below provides examples of how Index volatility could affect the Fund’s performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of performance and volatility over a one-year period and is shown to illustrate how holding the Fund for a period longer than one day may negatively impact investment return. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to the securities included in the Index; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain leveraged exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. As shown below, the Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% (as shown in Table 1 below) if its Index provided no return over a one year period during which the Index experienced annualized volatility of 25%. If the Index’s annualized volatility were to rise to 75% and the Index return for the year was 0%, the hypothetical loss for a one year period for the Fund widens to approximately 43%.

At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a near complete loss of value in the Fund, if the Index is flat. For instance, if the Index’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose over 60% of its value, even if the cumulative Index return for the year was 0%.

Table 1

 

LOGO

The Index’s annualized historical volatility rate for the five-year period ended December 31, 2014 was 26.45%. The Index’s highest volatility rate for any one calendar year during the five-year period was 33.98% and volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher. The Index’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2014 was 19.23%. Historical Index volatility and performance are not indications of what the Index volatility and performance will be in the future. The volatility of ETFs or instruments that reflect the value of the Index such as swaps, may differ from the volatility of the Index.

For additional information and examples demonstrating the effects of volatility and index performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies” in the Fund’s statutory prospectus, and “Special Note Regarding the Correlation Risks of the Funds” in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.

Holding an unmanaged position opens the investor to the risk of market volatility adversely affecting the performance of the investment. The Fund is not appropriate for investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. This table is intended to underscore the fact that the Fund is designed as a short-term trading vehicle for investors who intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

Equity Securities Risk

Investments in publicly issued equity securities and securities that provide exposure to equity securities, including common stocks, in general are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests will cause the net asset value (“NAV”) of the Fund to fluctuate.

High Portfolio Turnover Risk

Daily rebalancing of the Fund’s holdings pursuant to its daily investment objective causes a much greater number of portfolio transactions when compared to most ETFs. Additionally, active market trading of the Fund’s shares on such exchanges as the NYSE Arca, Inc., could cause more frequent creation and redemption activities which could increase the number of portfolio transactions. Frequent and active trading may lead to higher transaction costs because of increased broker commissions resulting from such transactions. In addition, there is the possibility of significantly increased short-term capital gains (which will be taxable to shareholders as ordinary income when distributed to them). The Fund calculates portfolio turnover without including the short-term cash instruments or derivative transactions that comprise the majority of the Fund’s trading. As such, if the Fund’s extensive use of

 

 

5


derivative instruments were reflected, the calculated portfolio turnover rate would be significantly higher.

Homebuilding Industry Risk

The Fund’s assets will generally be concentrated in the homebuilding industry which means the Fund will be more affected by the performance of the homebuilding industry than a fund that is more diversified. The homebuilding industry includes home builders (including manufacturers of mobile and prefabricated homes), as well as producers, sellers and suppliers of building materials, furnishings and fixtures. Companies within the industry may be significantly affected by the national, regional and local real estate markets, changes in government spending, zoning laws, interest rates and commodity prices. This industry is also sensitive to interest rate fluctuations which can cause changes in the availability of mortgage capital and directly impact the purchasing power of potential homebuyers. Certain segments of the homebuilding industry may be significantly affected by environmental cleanup costs and catastrophic events such as earthquakes, hurricanes and terrorist acts. The building industry can be significantly affected by changes in consumer confidence, demographic patterns, housing starts and the level of new and existing home sales.

Industrial Sector Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the industrial sector. Stock prices of issuers in the industrial sector are affected by supply and demand both for their specific product or service and for industrial sector products in general. Government regulation, world events and economic conditions will also affect the performance of investment in such issuers. Certain companies included in the industrial sector are subject to cyclical performance and therefore investment in such companies may experience occasional sharp price movements which may result from changes in the economy, fuel prices, labor agreements and insurance costs.

Intra-Day Investment Risk

The Fund seeks leveraged investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of the Index at the market close on the first trading day and the value of the Index at the time of purchase. If the Index gains value, the Fund’s net assets will rise by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if the Index declines, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the Fund’s exposure. Since a Fund starts each trading day with exposure which is 200% of its net assets, a change in both the exposure and the net assets of the Fund by the same absolute amount results in a change in the comparative relationship of the

two. As an example (using simplified numbers), if the Fund had $100 in net assets at the market close, it would seek $200 of exposure to the next trading day’s Index performance. If the Index rose by 1% by noon the following trading day, the exposure of the Fund will have risen by 1% to $202 and the net assets will have risen by that $2 gain to $102. With net assets of $102 and exposure of $202, a purchaser at that point would be receiving 198% exposure of her investment instead of 200%.

Leverage Risk

To achieve its daily investment objective, the Fund obtains investment exposure in excess of its assets by utilizing leverage and may lose more money in market conditions that are adverse to its daily objective than a similar fund that does not utilize leverage. If you invest in the Fund, you are exposed to the risk that a decline in the daily performance of the Index will be leveraged. This means that your investment in the Fund will be reduced by an amount equal to 2% for every 1% daily decline in the Index, not including the cost of financing the portfolio and the impact of operating expenses, which would further lower your investment. The Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of an Index decline of more than 50%. Further, purchasing shares during a day may result in greater than 200% exposure to the performance of the Index if the Index declines between the close of the markets on one trading day and before the close of the markets on the next trading day.

To fully understand the risks of using leverage in the Fund, see “Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk” above.

Liquidity Risk

Some securities held by the Fund, including derivatives, may be difficult to sell or illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities also may be difficult to value. If the Fund is forced to sell an illiquid security at an unfavorable time or at a price that is lower than Rafferty’s judgment of the security’s true market value, the Fund may be forced to sell the security at a loss. Such a situation may prevent the Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with the Index, thus adversely affecting Fund performance.

Market Risk

The Fund is subject to market risks that can affect the value of its shares. These risks include political, regulatory, market and economic developments, including developments that impact specific economic sectors, industries or segments of the market.

Money Market Instrument Risk

The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements.

 

 

6


Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the short-term debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements are contracts in which a seller of securities agrees to buy the securities back at a specified time and price. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. There is no guarantee that money market instruments will maintain a stable value, and they may lose money.

Non-Diversification Risk

The Fund is non-diversified, which means it invests a high percentage of its assets in a limited number of securities. A non-diversified fund’s NAV and total return may fluctuate more or fall greater in times of weaker markets than a conventional diversified fund.

Other Investment Companies (including ETFs) Risk

Investments in the securities of other investment companies, including ETFs, may involve duplication of advisory fees and certain other expenses. By investing in another investment company or ETF, the Fund becomes a shareholder thereof. As a result, Fund shareholders indirectly bear the Fund’s proportionate share of the fees and expenses paid by shareholders of the other investment company or ETF, in addition to the fees and expenses Fund shareholders bear in connection with the Fund’s own operations. The Fund’s performance may be magnified positively or negatively by virtue of its investment in other investment companies or ETFs. If the investment company or ETF fails to achieve its investment objective, the value of the Fund’s investment will decline, adversely affecting the Fund’s performance. In addition, closed-end investment company and ETF shares potentially may trade at a discount or a premium and are subject to brokerage and other trading costs, which could result in greater expenses to the Fund. Finally, because the value of other investment company and ETF shares depends on the demand in the market, the Adviser may not be able to liquidate the Fund’s holdings in those shares at the most optimal time, adversely affecting the Fund’s performance.

Regulatory Risk

The Fund is subject to the risk that a change in U.S. law and related regulations will impact the way the Fund operates, increase the particular costs of the Fund’s operations and/or change the competitive landscape.

Retail Sector Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the retail sector. Retail and related industries can be significantly affected by the performance of the domestic and international economy, consumer confidence and spending, intense competition, changes in demographics, and changing consumer tastes and preferences. In addition, the retailing industry is highly

competitive and a company’s success can be tied to its ability to anticipate changing consumer tastes.

Small- and/or Mid-Capitalization Company Risk

Investing in the securities of small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, and securities that provide exposure to small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, involves greater risks and the possibility of greater price volatility than investing in more-established, larger capitalization companies. Small- and/or mid-capitalization companies often have narrower markets for their goods and/or services and more limited managerial and financial resources than larger, more established companies. Furthermore, those companies often have limited product lines, services, markets, financial resources or are dependent on a small management group. In addition, because these stocks are not well-known to the investing public, do not have significant institutional ownership and are followed by relatively few security analysts, there will normally be less publicly available information concerning these securities compared to what is available for the securities of larger companies. Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether based on fundamental analysis, can decrease the value and liquidity of securities held by the Fund. As a result, the performance of small-and/or mid-capitalization companies can be more volatile and they face greater risk of business failure, which could increase the volatility of the Fund’s portfolio.

Special Risks of Exchange-Traded Funds

Trading Issues. Trading in Shares on an exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of that exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable, such as extraordinary market volatility or other reasons. There can be no assurance that Shares will continue to meet the listing requirements of the exchange on which they trade, and the listing requirements may be amended from time to time.

Market Price Variance Risk. Individual Shares of the Fund that are listed for trading on an exchange can be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. The market prices of Shares will fluctuate in response to changes in NAV and supply and demand for Shares. The Adviser cannot predict whether Shares will trade above, below or at their NAV. Given the fact that Shares can be created and redeemed in creation units, the Adviser believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of Shares should not be sustained. There may, however, be times when the market price and the NAV vary significantly and you may pay more than NAV when buying Shares on the secondary market, and you may receive less than NAV when you sell those Shares. The Fund’s investment results are measured based upon the daily NAV of the Fund over a period of time. Investors purchasing and selling Shares in the secondary market may not experience investment results consistent with those

 

 

7


experienced by those creating and redeeming directly with the Fund. There is no guarantee that an active secondary market will develop for Shares of the Fund.

 

 Fund Performance

No prior investment performance is provided for the Fund because it had not commenced operations prior to the date of this Prospectus. Upon commencement of operations, updated performance will be available on the Fund’s website at www.direxioninvestments.com/etf-perform or by calling the Fund toll free at 1-866-476-7523.

 

 Management

Investment Adviser

Rafferty Asset Management, LLC is the Fund’s investment adviser.

Portfolio Managers

The following members of Rafferty’s investment team are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund:

 

    Portfolio

    Manager

 

Years of Service

with the Fund

  Primary Title

    Paul Brigandi

  Since Inception   Portfolio Manager    

    Tony Ng

  Since Inception   Portfolio Manager    

 

 Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The Fund’s shares are not individually redeemable. The Fund will issue and redeem Shares only to Authorized Participants in exchange for the deposit or delivery of a basket of assets (securities and/or cash) in large blocks, known as creation units, each of which is comprised of 50,000 Shares. Retail investors may only purchase and sell Shares on a national securities exchange through a broker-dealer and may incur brokerage costs. Because the Shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount).

 

 Tax Information

The Fund intends to make distributions that may be taxed as ordinary income or long-term capital gains. Those distributions will be subject to federal income tax and may also be subject to state and local taxes, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Distributions or investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may be taxed later upon withdrawal. Distributions by the Fund may be significantly higher than those of most other ETFs.

 Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial

 Intermediaries

If you purchase Shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank or financial advisor), the Fund and/or the Adviser may pay the intermediary for the sale of Shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

 

8


 DIREXION DAILY HOMEBUILDERS &

 SUPPLIES BEAR 2X SHARES

 

 Important Information Regarding the Fund

 

The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares (“Fund”) seeks daily inverse leveraged investment results. The pursuit of daily inverse leveraged goals means that the Fund is riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Fund’s objective is to magnify the performance of an underlying index. The pursuit of daily inverse leveraged investment goals means that the return of the Fund for a period longer than a full trading day may have no resemblance to -200% of the return of its underlying index for such longer period because the aggregate return of the Fund is the product of the series of each trading day’s daily leveraged returns. During periods of market volatility, the volatility of the underlying index may affect the Fund’s return as much as or more than the return of the underlying index. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of the Fund’s stated investment objective and the performance of the underlying index for the full trading day.

 

 Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks daily investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the inverse (or opposite) of the performance of the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index. The Fund seeks daily inverse leveraged investment results and does not seek to achieve its stated investment objective over a period of time greater than one day. The Fund is different and much riskier than most exchange-traded funds.

The Fund is designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily inverse leveraged investment results, understand the risks associated with shorting and the use of leverage, and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. The Fund seeks daily leveraged investment results relative to the Index and is different and riskier than similarly benchmarked exchange-traded funds that do not use leverage. Therefore, the Fund is not intended to be used by, and is not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

 

 Fees and Expenses of the Fund

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy or hold shares of the Fund (“Shares”). Investors purchasing shares in the secondary market may

pay costs (including customary brokerage commissions) charged by their broker.

ANNUAL FUND OPERATING

EXPENSES(1)

(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

Management Fees

   0.75%

Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees

   0.00%

Other Expenses of the Fund (2)

   0.21%

Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses

   0.00%
  

 

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses

   0.96%

Expense Cap/Reimbursement

   (0.01%)
  

 

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses

After Expense Cap/Reimbursement

   0.95%
  

 

(1) 

Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or the “Adviser”) has entered into an Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with the Fund. Under the Operating Expense Limitation Agreement, Rafferty has contractually agreed to cap all or a portion of its management fee and/or reimburse the Fund for Other Expenses through September 1, 2017, to the extent that the Fund’s Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses exceed 0.95% of the Fund’s daily net assets (excluding, as applicable, among other expenses, taxes, leverage interest, acquired fund fees and expenses, dividends or interest on short positions, other interest expenses, brokerage commissions, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization and extraordinary expenses such as litigation). Any expense cap is subject to reimbursement by the Fund within the following three years only if overall expenses fall below these percentage limitations. This agreement may be terminated or revised at any time with the consent of the Board of Trustees.

(2) 

Other Expenses are estimated for the Fund’s current fiscal year.

 

 Expense Example

 

The example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

1 Year    3 Years     

$97

   $305   

 

 Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes

 

 

9


when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in Annual Fund Operating Expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance.

 

 Principal Investment Strategies

 

The Fund, under normal circumstances, creates short positions by investing at least 80% of its assets in: swap agreements, including swap agreements on exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”); futures contracts; options on securities, indices and futures contracts; equity caps, floors and collars; forward contracts; short positions; reverse repurchase agreements; ETFs; and other financial instruments that, in combination, provide inverse leveraged and unleveraged exposure to the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index (“Index”). On a day-to-day basis, the Fund invests the remainder of its assets in money market funds, depository accounts with institutions with high quality credit ratings or short-term debt instruments that have terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibit high quality credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements. The Fund does not invest in equity securities.

The Index is provided by Standard & Poor’s (the “Index Provider”) and includes domestic companies from the homebuilding industry. The Index is designed to measure the performance of the homebuilding industry, which may include a group of sub-industries determined based on the Global Industry Classification Standards (“GICS”). Companies in the Index are classified using the GICS classifications which are determined primarily based on a company’s revenues, however, earnings and market perception are also considered by GICS. The Index consists of constituents of the S&P Total Market Index (“S&P TMI”) that belong to the GICS homebuilders sub-industry or group of sub-industries that are U.S. based companies and that have a float-adjusted market capitalization above $500 million with a float-adjusted liquidity ratio (defined by dollar value traded over the previous 12 months divided by the float-adjusted market capitalization as of the Index rebalancing reference date) above 90% or have a float-adjusted market capitalization above $400 million with a float-adjusted liquidity ratio (as defined above) above 150%.. The market capitalization threshold may be relaxed to ensure that there are at least 22 stocks in the Index as of the rebalancing effective date. Rebalancing is done quarterly. The S&P TMI tracks all U.S. common stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange (including the NYSE Arca, Inc. and NYSE Amex), the NASDAQ Global Select Market, the NASDAQ Select Market and the NASDAQ Capital Market.

As of June 30, 2015, the Index was comprised of 35 stocks. The companies included in the Index have a median market capitalization of $4.8 billion as of June 30, 2015. Component securities have capitalizations ranging from $605 million to $144.4 billion as of June 30, 2015. The Index may include large-, mid- or small-capitalization companies, and components primarily include consumer goods, consumer services, home construction and industrials companies. The components of the Index and the percentages represented by certain industries in the Index may change over time. The Fund will concentrate its investment (i.e., hold 25% or more of its total assets in the stocks of a particular industry or group of industries) in a particular industry or group of industries to approximately the same extent as the Index is so concentrated.

Generally the Fund may gain inverse leveraged exposure by obtaining short exposure utilizing swap contracts on ETFs that track the same Index or a substantially similar index as the Fund. At times, however, the Fund will utilize other derivatives and investment strategies which may include gaining inverse leveraged exposure to only a representative sample of the securities in the Index that have aggregate characteristics similar to those of the Index. The Fund gains this inverse exposure by investing in a combination of financial instruments that provide inverse leveraged exposure to the underlying securities of the Index. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive value from the underlying reference asset or assets, such as stocks, bonds, or funds (including ETFs), interest rates or indexes. The Fund invests in derivatives as a substitute for directly shorting securities in order to gain inverse leveraged exposure to the Index or its components. The Fund seeks to remain fully invested at all times consistent with its stated investment objective. At the close of the markets each trading day, Rafferty positions the Fund’s portfolio so that its exposure to the Index is consistent with the Fund’s investment objective. The impact of the Index’s movements during the day will affect whether the Fund’s portfolio needs to be re-positioned. For example, if the Index has fallen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should rise, meaning that the Fund’s exposure will need to be increased. Conversely, if the Index has risen on a given day, net assets of the Fund should fall, meaning the Fund’s exposure will need to be reduced. This re-positioning strategy typically results in high portfolio turnover.

Because of daily rebalancing and the compounding of each day’s return over time, the return of the Fund for periods longer than a single day will be the result of each day’s returns compounded over the period, which will very likely differ from -200% of the return of the Index over the same period. The Fund will lose money if the Index performance is flat over time, and as a result of daily rebalancing, the Index’s volatility and

 

 

10


the effects of compounding, it is even possible that the Fund will lose money over time while the Index’s performance decreases.

Additionally, because a significant portion of the assets of the Fund may come from investors using “asset allocation” and “market timing” investment strategies, the Fund may further engage in frequent trading.

 

 Principal Investment Risks

 

An investment in the Fund entails risk. The Fund could lose money or its performance could trail that of other investment alternatives. The Adviser cannot guarantee that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. In addition, the Fund presents some risks not traditionally associated with most mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review all of the risks listed below and understand how these risks interrelate before making an investment in the Fund. Turbulence in financial markets and reduced liquidity in equity, credit and fixed income markets could negatively affect issuers worldwide, including the Fund. There is the risk that you could lose all or a portion of your money invested in the Fund.

Aggressive Investment Techniques Risk

The Fund uses investment techniques that may be considered aggressive and may entail significantly higher than normal risk. Risks associated with the use of futures contracts, forward contracts, options and swap agreements include potentially dramatic price changes (losses) in the value of the instruments and imperfect correlations between the price of the contract and the underlying security or index. These instruments may increase the volatility of the Fund and may involve a small investment of cash relative to the magnitude of the risk assumed

Cash Transaction Risk

Unlike most ETFs, the Fund currently intends to effect creations and redemptions principally for cash, rather than principally for in-kind securities, because of the nature of the financial instruments held by the Fund. As such, investments in Shares may be less tax efficient than investments in conventional ETFs.

Consumer Goods Industry Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer goods industry. Because companies in the consumer goods industry manufacture products, the success of these companies is tied closely to the performance of the overall domestic and international economy, interest rates, competition and consumer confidence. Additionally, government regulation, including new laws, affecting the permissibility of using various production methods or other types of inputs such as materials, may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry. Changes or trends in commodity prices, which may be influenced or

characterized by unpredictable factors may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry.

Consumer Services Industry Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer services industry. Because companies provide services directly to consumers, these companies are impacted by competition and consumer confidence and are dependent on disposable household income and discretionary consumer spending. Changes in demographics and consumer tastes can impact demand for, and the success of consumer service companies.

Counterparty Risk

The Fund may invest in financial instruments involving counterparties for the purpose of attempting to gain exposure to a particular group of securities or an asset class without actually purchasing those securities or investments. These financial instruments may include, but are not limited to, swap agreements. The use of swap agreements and other counterparty instruments involves risks that are different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. For example, the Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap agreement counterparty. Swap agreements and other counterparty instruments also may be considered to be illiquid. In addition, the Fund may enter into swap agreements that involve a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. The Fund does not specifically limit its counterparty risk with respect to any single counterparty. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Fund and, as a result, the Fund may not be able to achieve its investment objective.

Daily Inverse Index Correlation/Tracking Risk

Shareholders should lose money when the Index rises, which is a result that is the opposite from traditional index tracking funds. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve a high degree of inverse correlation to the Index and therefore achieve its daily inverse leveraged investment objective. To achieve a high degree of inverse correlation with the Index, the Fund seeks to rebalance its portfolio daily to keep leverage consistent with its daily inverse leveraged investment objective. The Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily inverse leveraged investment objective due to fees, expenses, transactions costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, income items, valuation methodology, accounting standards and disruptions or illiquidity in the markets for the securities or derivatives held by the Fund. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions or extreme volatility will also adversely affect the Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels. The Fund may not have investment exposure to all securities in the Index, or its

 

 

11


weighting of investment exposure to such stocks or industries may be different from that of the Index. In addition, the Fund may invest in securities or financial instruments not included in the Index. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to its Index. In addition, the target amount of portfolio exposure to the Index is impacted dynamically by the Index’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Fund will be perfectly exposed to the Index at the end of each day. The possibility of the Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to its Index increases on days when the Index is volatile near the close of the trading day. Activities surrounding periodic index reconstitutions and other index rebalancing or reconstitution events may hinder the Fund’s ability to meet its daily inverse leveraged investment objective.

Derivatives Risk

The Fund uses investment techniques, including investment in derivatives, such as swaps, futures and forward contracts, and options, that may be considered aggressive. The use of derivatives may result in larger losses or smaller gains than directly shorting the underlying securities. Investments in these derivatives may generally be subject to market risks that cause their prices to fluctuate more than an investment directly in a security and may increase the volatility of the Fund. The use of derivatives may expose the Fund to additional risks such as counterparty risk, liquidity risk and increased daily correlation risk. When the Fund uses derivatives, there may be imperfect correlation between the value of the underlying reference assets and the derivative, which may prevent the Fund from achieving its investment objective. The Fund may use a combination of swaps on the Index and swaps on an ETF whose investment objective is to track the performance of the Index. The performance of this underlying ETF may not track the performance of the Index due to fees and other costs borne by the ETF and other factors. Thus, to the extent that the Fund invests in swaps that use an ETF as an underlying reference asset, the Fund may be subject to greater correlation risk and may not achieve as high a degree of inverse correlation with the Index as it would if the Fund used swaps that utilized the Index securities as a reference or as an underlying asset. Any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Fund’s return. In addition, the Fund’s investments in derivatives, as of the date of this Prospectus, are subject to the following risks:

Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on

particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a basket of securities representing a particular index. Total return swaps are subject to counterparty risk, which relates to credit risk of the counterparty and liquidity risk of the swaps themselves.

Futures Contracts. There may be an imperfect correlation between the changes in market value of the securities held by the Fund and the prices of futures contracts. There may not be a liquid secondary market for the futures contracts.

Forward Contracts. Forward contracts are two-party contracts pursuant to which one party agrees to pay the counterparty a fixed price for an agreed upon amount of commodities, securities, or the cash value of the commodities, securities or the securities index, at an agreed upon date. A forward currency contract is an obligation to buy or sell a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days from the date of the contract agreed upon by the parties, at a price set at the time of the contract.

Options. There may be an imperfect correlation between the prices of options and movements in the price of the securities (or indices) hedged or used for cover, which may cause a given hedge not to achieve its investment objective.

Early Close/Trading Halt Risk

An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in the Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, the Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses.

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk

The Fund does not attempt to, and should not be expected to, provide returns which are -200% of the return of the Index for periods other than a single day. The Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to the Index’s daily losses and reducing exposure in response to the Index’s daily gains. This means that for a period longer than one day, the pursuit of a daily investment objective may result in daily leveraged compounding. It also means that the return of an index over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by the Fund’s daily target (-200%) generally will not equal the Fund’s performance over that same period. If the daily performance of the Fund’s Index reduces the amount of a

 

 

12


shareholder’s investment, any further adverse daily performance will lead to a smaller dollar loss because the shareholder’s investment had already been reduced by the prior adverse performance. Equally, however, if the daily performance of the Fund’s Index increases the amount of a shareholder’s investment, the dollar amount lost due to future adverse performance will increase correspondingly.

As a result, over time, the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in the value of the Fund’s portfolio may diverge significantly from the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in -200% of the return of the Index due to the compounding effect of losses and gains on the returns of the Fund. It also is expected that the Fund’s use of leverage will cause the Fund to underperform -200% of the return of its Index in a trendless or flat market.

The effect of compounding becomes more pronounced on the Fund’s performance as the Index experiences volatility. The Index’s volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of the Index. The table below provides examples of how Index volatility could affect the Fund’s performance. The chart shows estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of performance and volatility over a one-year period and is shown to illustrate how holding the Fund for a period longer than one day may negatively impact investment return. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no dividends were paid with respect to the securities included in the Index; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain inverse leveraged exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown. As shown below, the Fund would be expected to lose 17.1% (as shown in Table 1 below) if its Index provided no return over a one year period during which the Index experienced annualized volatility of 25%. If the Index’s annualized volatility were to rise to 75% and the Index return for the year was 0%, the hypothetical loss for a one year period for the Fund widens to approximately 81.5%.

At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a near complete loss of value in the Fund even if the Index is flat. For instance, if the Index’s annualized volatility is 100%, the Fund would be expected to lose approximately 95% of its value, even if the cumulative Index return for the year was only 0%.

Table 1

 

LOGO

The Index’s annualized historical volatility rate for the five-year period ended December 31, 2014 was 26.45%. The Index’s highest volatility rate for any one calendar year during the five-year period was 33.98% and volatility for a shorter period of time may have been substantially higher. The Index’s annualized performance for the five-year period ended December 31, 2014 was 19.23%. Historical Index volatility and performance are not indications of what the Index volatility and performance will be in the future. The volatility of ETFs or instruments that reflect the value of the Index such as swaps, may differ from the volatility of the Index.

For additional information and examples demonstrating the effects of volatility and index performance on the long-term performance of the Fund, see “Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies” in the Fund’s statutory prospectus, and “Special Note Regarding the Correlation Risks of the Funds” in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.

Holding an unmanaged position opens the investor to the risk of market volatility adversely affecting the performance of the investment. The Fund is not appropriate for investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. This table is intended to underscore the fact that the Fund is designed as a short-term trading vehicle for investors who intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

High Portfolio Turnover Risk

Daily rebalancing of the Fund’s holdings pursuant to its daily investment objective causes a much greater number

 

 

13


of portfolio transactions when compared to most ETFs. Additionally, active market trading of the Fund’s Shares on such exchanges as the NYSE Arca, Inc., could cause more frequent creation and redemption activities which could increase the number of portfolio transactions. Frequent and active trading may lead to higher transaction costs because of increased broker commissions resulting from such transactions. In addition, there is the possibility of significantly increased short-term capital gains (which will be taxable to shareholders as ordinary income when distributed to them). The Fund calculates portfolio turnover without including the short-term cash instruments or derivative transactions that comprise the majority of the Fund’s trading. As such, if the Fund’s extensive use of derivative instruments were reflected, the calculated portfolio turnover rate would be significantly higher.

Homebuilding Industry Risk

The Fund’s assets will generally be concentrated in the homebuilding industry which means the Fund will be more affected by the performance of the homebuilding industry than a fund that is more diversified. The homebuilding industry includes home builders (including manufacturers of mobile and prefabricated homes), as well as producers, sellers and suppliers of building materials, furnishings and fixtures. Companies within the industry may be significantly affected by the national, regional and local real estate markets, changes in government spending, zoning laws, interest rates and commodity prices. This industry is also sensitive to interest rate fluctuations which can cause changes in the availability of mortgage capital and directly impact the purchasing power of potential homebuyers. Certain segments of the homebuilding industry may be significantly affected by environmental cleanup costs and catastrophic events such as earthquakes, hurricanes and terrorist acts. The building industry can be significantly affected by changes in consumer confidence, demographic patterns, housing starts and the level of new and existing home sales.

Industrial Sector Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the industrial sector. Stock prices of issuers in the industrial sector are affected by supply and demand both for their specific product or service and for industrial sector products in general. Government regulation, world events and economic conditions will also affect the performance of investment in such issuers. Certain companies included in the industrial sector are subject to cyclical performance and therefore investment in such companies may experience occasional sharp price movements which may result from changes in the economy, fuel prices, labor agreements and insurance costs.

Intra-Day Investment Risk

The Fund seeks leveraged investment results from the close of the market on a given trading day until the close of the market on the subsequent trading day. The exact exposure of an investment in the Fund intraday in the secondary market is a function of the difference between the value of the Index at the market close on the first trading day and the value of the Index at the time of purchase. The Fund’s gains occur as its market exposure declines and its losses are accompanied by increases in market exposure. If the Index declines, the Fund’s net assets will rise by an amount equal to the decline in the Fund’s exposure. Conversely, if the Index rises, the Fund’s net assets will decline by the same amount as the increase in the Fund’s exposure. As an example (using simplified numbers), if the Fund had $100 in net assets at the market close, it would seek -$200 of exposure to the next trading day’s Index performance. If the Index declined by 1% by noon the following trading day, the exposure of the Fund will fall by 1% to -$198 and the net assets will rise by $2 to $102. With net assets of $102 and exposure of -$198, a purchaser at that point would be receiving -194% exposure of her investment instead of -200%.

Leverage Risk

To achieve its daily investment objective, the Fund obtains investment exposure in excess of its assets by utilizing leverage and may lose more money in market conditions that are adverse to its daily objective than a similar fund that does not utilize leverage. If you invest in the Fund, you are exposed to the risk that an increase in the daily performance of the Index will be leveraged. This means that your investment in the Fund will be reduced by an amount equal to 2% for every 1% daily increase in the Index, not including the cost of financing the portfolio and the impact of operating expenses, which would further lower your investment. The Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of an Index increase of more than 50%. Further, purchasing shares during a day may result in greater than -200% exposure to the performance of the Index if the Index rises between the close of the markets on one trading day and before the close of the markets on the next trading day.

To fully understand the risks of using leverage in the Fund, see “Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk” above.

Liquidity Risk

Some securities held by the Fund, including derivatives, may be difficult to sell or illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities also may be difficult to value. If the Fund is forced to sell an illiquid security at an unfavorable time or at a price that is lower than Rafferty’s judgment of the security’s true market value, the Fund may be forced to sell the security at a loss. Such a situation may prevent the Fund from limiting losses,

 

 

14


realizing gains or achieving a high correlation with the Index, thus adversely affecting Fund performance.

Market Risk

The Fund is subject to market risks that can affect the value of its shares. These risks include political, regulatory, market and economic developments, including developments that impact specific economic sectors, industries or segments of the market.

Money Market Instrument Risk

The Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the short-term debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements are contracts in which a seller of securities agrees to buy the securities back at a specified time and price. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. There is no guarantee that money market instruments will maintain a stable value, and they may lose money.

Non-Diversification Risk

The Fund is non-diversified, which means it invests a high percentage of its assets in a limited number of securities. A non-diversified fund’s NAV and total return may fluctuate more or fall greater in times of weaker markets than a conventional diversified fund.

Regulatory Risk

The Fund is subject to the risk that a change in U.S. law and related regulations will impact the way the Fund operates, increase the particular costs of the Fund’s operations and/or change the competitive landscape.

Retail Sector Risk

The Fund invests in, and/or has exposure to, the securities of companies in the retail sector. Retail and related industries can be significantly affected by the performance of the domestic and international economy, consumer confidence and spending, intense competition, changes in demographics, and changing consumer tastes and preferences. In addition, the retailing industry is highly competitive and a company’s success can be tied to its ability to anticipate changing consumer tastes.

Shorting Risk

In order to achieve its daily investment objective, the Fund may engage in short sales which are designed to provide the Fund gains when the price of a particular security, basket of securities or indices declines. When the Fund shorts securities of another investment company, it borrows shares of that investment company which it then sells. The Fund closes out a short sale by purchasing the security it has sold short and returning that security to the

entity that lent the security. The Fund may also seek inverse or “short” exposure through the use of derivatives such as swap agreements or futures contracts, which may expose the Fund to certain risks such an increase in volatility or decrease in the liquidity of the securities of the underlying short position. If the Fund were to experience this volatility or decreased liquidity, the Fund’s return may be lower, the Fund’s ability to obtain inverse exposure through the use of derivatives may be limited or the Fund may be required to obtain inverse exposure through alternative investments strategies that may be less desirable or more costly to implement. If the securities underlying the short positions are thinly traded or have a limited market due to various factors, including regulatory action, the Fund may be unable to meet its investment objective due to lack of available securities or counterparties. During such periods, the Fund’s ability to issue additional creation units may be adversely affected. Obtaining inverse exposure through the use of derivatives or other financial instruments may be considered an aggressive investment technique.

Small- and/or Mid-Capitalization Company Risk

Investing in the securities of small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, and securities that provide exposure to small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, involves greater risks and the possibility of greater price volatility than investing in more-established, larger capitalization companies. Small- and/or mid-capitalization companies often have narrower markets for their goods and/or services and more limited managerial and financial resources than larger, more established companies. Furthermore, those companies often have limited product lines, services, markets, financial resources or are dependent on a small management group. In addition, because these stocks are not well-known to the investing public, do not have significant institutional ownership and are followed by relatively few security analysts, there will normally be less publicly available information concerning these securities compared to what is available for the securities of larger companies. Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether based on fundamental analysis, can decrease the value and liquidity of securities held by the Fund. As a result, the performance of small- and/or mid-capitalization companies can be more volatile and they face greater risk of business failure, which could increase the volatility of the Fund’s portfolio.

Special Risks of Exchange-Traded Funds

Trading Issues. Trading in Shares on an exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of that exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable, such as extraordinary market volatility or other reasons. There can be no assurance that Shares will continue to meet the listing requirements of the exchange on which

 

 

15


they trade, and the listing requirements may be amended from time to time.

Market Price Variance Risk. Individual Shares of the Fund that are listed for trading on an exchange can be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. The market prices of Shares will fluctuate in response to changes in NAV and supply and demand for Shares. The Adviser cannot predict whether Shares will trade above, below or at their NAV. Given the fact that Shares can be created and redeemed in creation units, the Adviser believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of Shares should not be sustained. There may, however, be times when the market price and the NAV vary significantly and you may pay more than NAV when buying Shares on the secondary market, and you may receive less than NAV when you sell those Shares. The Fund’s investment results are measured based upon the daily NAV of the Fund over a period of time. Investors purchasing and selling Shares in the secondary market may not experience investment results consistent with those experienced by those creating and redeeming directly with the Fund. There is no guarantee that an active secondary market will develop for Shares of the Fund.

 

 Fund Performance

No prior investment performance is provided for the Fund because it had not commenced operations prior to the date of this Prospectus. Upon commencement of operations, updated performance will be available on the Fund’s website at www.direxioninvestments.com/etf-perform or by calling the Fund toll free at 1-866-476-7523.

 

 Management

Investment Adviser

Rafferty Asset Management, LLC is the Fund’s investment adviser.

Portfolio Managers

The following members of Rafferty’s investment team are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund:

 

  Portfolio
  Manager
   Years of Service
with the Fund
   Primary Title

  Paul Brigandi

   Since Inception    Portfolio Manager

  Tony Ng

   Since Inception    Portfolio Manager

 

 Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The Fund’s shares are not individually redeemable. The Fund will issue and redeem Shares for cash only to Authorized Participants in large blocks, known as creation units, each of which is comprised of 50,000 Shares. Retail investors may only purchase and sell Shares on a national

securities exchange through a broker-dealer and may incur brokerage costs. Because the Shares trade at market prices rather than NAV, Shares may trade at a price greater than NAV (premium) or less than NAV (discount).

 

 Tax Information

The Fund intends to make distributions that may be taxed as ordinary income or long-term capital gains. Those distributions will be subject to federal income tax and may also be subject to state and local taxes, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Distributions or investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may be taxed later upon withdrawal. Distributions by the Fund may be significantly higher than those of most other ETFs.

 

 Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial
 Intermediaries

If you purchase Shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank or financial advisor), the Fund and/or the Adviser may pay the intermediary for the sale of Shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

 

16


OVERVIEW OF THE DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

The Direxion Shares ETF Trust (“Trust”) is a registered investment company offering a number of separate exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”). This Prospectus describes the ETFs noted in the table below (each a “Fund” and collectively the “Funds”). Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or “Adviser”) serves as the investment adviser to each Fund.

Shares of the Funds (“Shares”), upon commencement of operations, will be listed on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). When Shares are listed and traded on the Exchange, the market prices for the Shares may be different from the intra-day value of the Shares disseminated by the Exchange and from their net asset value (“NAV”). Unlike conventional mutual funds, Shares are not individually redeemable securities. Rather, each Fund issues and redeems Shares on a continuous basis at NAV only in large blocks of Shares called “Creation Units.” A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares. Creation Units of the Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares (the “Bull Fund”) are issued and redeemed in cash and/or in-kind for securities included in the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index (the “Index”). Creation Units of the Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares (the “Bear Fund”) are issued and redeemed for cash.

Shares may only be purchased from, or redeemed with, the Funds in Creation Units. As a result, retail investors generally will not be able to purchase or redeem Shares directly from or with the Funds. Most retail investors will purchase or sell Shares in the secondary market with the assistance of a broker. Thus, some of the information contained in this Prospectus, such as information about purchasing and redeeming Shares from, or with, a Fund and all references to the transaction fee imposed on purchases and redemptions, is not relevant to retail investors.

As used in this Prospectus, the terms “daily,” “day,” and “trading day,” refer to the period from the close of the markets on one trading day to the close of the markets on the next trading day.

The Bull Fund attempts to provide investment results that correlate positively to the return of the Index, meaning the Bull Fund attempts to move in the same direction as the Index. The Bear Fund attempts to provide investment results that correlate negatively to the return of the Index, meaning that the Bear Fund attempts to move in the opposite or inverse direction of the Index.

The Bull Fund seeks to provide daily leveraged investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the performance of the Index. The Bear Fund seeks to provide daily inverse leveraged investment results, before fees and expenses, of 200% of the inverse of the performance of the Index. For example, the daily leveraged investment objective for the Bull Fund is 200% of the daily total return of the performance of the Index, while the daily leveraged investment objective for the Bear Fund is 200% of the inverse, or opposite, of the daily total return of the performance of the Index. If, on a given day, the Index gains 1%, the Bull Fund is designed to gain approximately 2% (which is equal to 200% of 1%), while the Bear Fund is designed to lose approximately 2%. Conversely, if the Index loses 1% on a given day, the Bull Fund is designed to lose approximately 2%, while the Bear Fund is designed to gain approximately 2% (which is equal to -200% of the 1% index loss). Each Fund tracks the Index as noted below:

 

Fund   Underlying Index    Daily
Leveraged
Investment
Objective

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares

 

S&P Homebuilders Select

Industry Index

   200%  

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares

     -200%  

To pursue these results, each Fund uses aggressive investment techniques such as engaging in futures, swaps and options transactions. As a result, the Funds are designed to be utilized only by knowledgeable investors who understand the potential consequences of seeking daily leveraged and daily inverse leveraged investment results, understand the risks associated with the Funds’ use of leverage and are willing to monitor their portfolios frequently. Additionally, the Bear Fund is designed to be utilized by knowledgeable investors who understand the risks of shorting. The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. There is no assurance that the Funds will achieve their investment objectives and an investment in a Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

 

17


Changes in Investment Objective. Each Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Funds’ Board of Trustees without shareholder approval.

 

18


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING INVESTMENT TECHNIQUES AND POLICIES

 

Rafferty uses a number of investment techniques in an effort to achieve the stated investment objective for each Fund. Each Fund seeks 200% or -200% of the return of the Index on a given day.

For the Bull Fund, Rafferty attempts to provide two times the returns of the Index for a one-day period. The Bear Fund is managed to provide two times the inverse (or opposite) of the return of the Index for a one-day period. To do this, Rafferty creates net “long” positions for the Bull Fund and net “short” positions for the Bear Fund. (Rafferty may create short positions in the Bull Fund and long positions in the Bear Fund even though the net exposure in the Bull Fund will be long and the net exposure in the Bear Fund will be short.) Long positions move in the same direction as the Index, advancing when the Index advances and declining when the Index declines. Short positions move in the opposite direction of the Index, advancing when the Index declines and declining when the Index advances. Additionally, none of the Funds seek income that is exempt from federal, state or local income taxes.

In seeking to achieve each Fund’s investment objective, Rafferty uses statistical and quantitative analysis to determine the investments each Fund makes and the techniques it employs. Rafferty relies upon a pre-determined model to generate orders that result in repositioning each Fund’s investments in accordance with its daily leveraged investment objective. Using this approach, Rafferty determines the type, quantity and mix of investment positions that it believes in combination should produce daily returns consistent with a Fund’s investment objective. In general, if a Fund is performing as designed, the return of the Index will dictate the return for that Fund. Each Fund generally pursues its investment objective regardless of the market conditions and does not take defensive positions.

Each Fund has a clearly articulated daily leveraged investment objective which requires the Fund to seek economic exposure in excess of its net assets (i.e., net assets plus borrowing for investment purposes). To meet its objectives, each Fund invests in some combination of financial instruments so that it generates economic exposure consistent with the Fund’s investment objective.

Each Fund offered in this Prospectus significantly invests in: futures contracts; options on securities, indices and futures contracts; equity caps, floors and collars; swap agreements; forward contracts; short positions; reverse repurchase agreements; ETFs; and other financial instruments. In addition, Rafferty uses these types of investments for the Funds to produce economically “leveraged” investment results. Leveraging allows

Rafferty to generate a greater positive or negative return for the Funds than what would be generated on the invested capital without leverage, thus changing small market movements into larger changes in the value of the investments of a Fund.

The Bull Fund generally may hold a representative sample of the securities in the Index. The sampling of securities that is held by the Bull Fund is intended to maintain high correlation with, and similar aggregate characteristics (e.g., market capitalization and industry weightings) to, the Index. The Bull Fund also may invest in securities that are not included in the Index or may overweight or underweight certain components of the Index. The Funds’ assets may be concentrated in an industry or group of industries to the extent that the Fund’s Index concentrates in a particular industry or group of industries. In addition, each Fund offered in this Prospectus is non-diversified, which means that it may invest in the securities of a limited number of issuers.

At the close of the markets each trading day, each Fund will position its portfolio to ensure that the Fund’s exposure to the Index is consistent with the Fund’s stated investment objective. The impact of market movements during the day determines whether a portfolio needs to be repositioned. If the Index has risen on a given day, the Bull Fund’s net assets should rise, meaning their exposure may need to be increased. Conversely, if the Index has fallen on a given day, the Bull Fund’s net assets should fall, meaning its exposure may need to be reduced. If the Index has risen on a given day, the Bear Fund’s net assets should fall, meaning its exposure may need to be reduced. If the Index has fallen on a given day, the Bear Fund’s net assets should rise, meaning its exposure may need to be increased. Any of the Funds’ portfolios may also need to be changed to reflect changes in the composition of the Index. Rafferty increases a Fund’s exposure when its assets rise and reduces a Fund’s exposure when its assets fall.

The Funds are designed to provide daily leveraged investment returns, before fees and expenses, that are 200% of the returns of the Index. A Fund may have difficulty in achieving its daily leveraged investment objective due to fees, expenses, transaction costs, income items, accounting standards, significant purchase and redemption activity by Fund shareholders and/or disruptions or a temporary lack of liquidity in the markets for the securities held by the Fund.

Seeking daily leveraged investment results provides potential for greater gains and losses for the Funds relative to the Index’s performance. For a period longer than one

 

 

19


day, the pursuit of a daily investment objective may result in daily leveraged compounding. This means that the return of the Index over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by a Fund’s daily leveraged investment goal (e.g., 200% or -200%) generally will not equal a Fund’s performance over that same period. Consider the following examples:

Mary is considering investments in two Funds, Funds A, and B. Fund A is a traditional index ETF which seeks (before fees and expenses) to match the performance of the XYZ index. Fund B is a leveraged ETF and seeks daily leveraged investment results (before fees and expenses) that correspond to 200% of the daily performance of the XYZ index.

On Day 1, the XYZ index increases in value from $100 to $105, a gain of 5%. On Day 2, the XYZ index declines from $105 back to $100, a loss of 4.76%. In the aggregate, the XYZ index has not moved.

An investment in Fund A would be expected to gain 5% on Day 1 and lose 4.76% on Day 2 to return to its original value. The following example assumes a $100 investment in Fund A when the index is also valued at $100:

 

Day   Index
Value
    Index
Performance
  Value of
Investment
 
    $100.00          $100.00   
1     $105.00      5.00%     $105.00   
2     $100.00      -4.76%     $100.00   

The same $100 investment in Fund B, however, would be expected to gain in value on Day 1 but decline in value on Day 2.

The $100 investment in Fund B would be expected to gain 10% on Day 1 (200% of 5%) but decline 9.52% on Day 2.

 

Day   Index
Performance
  200% of
Index
Performance
  Value of
Investment
      $100.00
1   5.00%   10.0%   $110.00
2   -4.76%   -9.52%   $99.52

Although the percentage decline in Fund B is smaller on Day 2 than the percentage gain on Day 1, the loss is applied to a higher principal amount, so the investment in Fund B experiences a loss even when the aggregate index value for the two-day period has not declined. (These calculations do not include the charges for expense ratio and financing charges.)

As you can see, an investment in Fund B has additional risks due to the effects of leverage and compounding.

The Funds are very different from most mutual funds and ETFs. First, each Fund pursues a daily leveraged investment objective, which means that the Funds are riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Funds magnify the performance of the Index. Second, the Bear Fund pursues investment goals which are inverse to the performance of the Index, a result opposite of most mutual funds and ETFs. Third, the Funds seek daily leveraged investment results. An investor who purchases shares of a Fund intra-day will generally receive more, or less, than 200% exposure to the Index from that point until the end of the trading day. The actual exposure is a function of the performance of the Index from the end of the prior trading day. If a Fund’s shares are held for a period longer than a single trading day, the Fund’s performance is likely to deviate from 200% or -200% of the return of the Index’s performance for the longer period. This deviation will increase with higher Index volatility and longer holding periods. As a consequence, investors should not plan to hold the Funds unmonitored for periods longer than a single trading day. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of a Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective and the performance of the Index for the full trading day. The Funds are not suitable for all investors.

For investments held for longer than a trading day, volatility in the performance of the Index from day to day is the primary cause of any disparity between a Fund’s actual returns, the product of the Fund’s beta and the returns of the Index for such longer period. Volatility causes such disparity because it exacerbates the effects of compounding on a Fund’s returns. In addition, the effects of volatility are magnified in the Funds due to leverage. For example, consider the following three examples that demonstrate the effect of volatility on a hypothetical fund:

Example 1 – Underlying Index Experiences Low Volatility

Mary invests $10.00 in a hypothetical Bull Fund at the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the Fund’s underlying index rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain. Mary’s investment rises 4% to $10.40. Mary holds her investment through the close of trading on Day 3, during which the Fund’s underlying index rises from 102 to 104, a gain of 1.96%. Mary’s investment rises to $10.81, a gain during Day 3 of 3.92%. For the two day period since Mary invested in the Fund, the underlying index gained 4% although Mary’s investment increased by 8.1%. Because the underlying index continued to trend upwards with low volatility, Mary’s return closely correlates to the 200% return of the return of the underlying index for the period.

 

 

20


John invests $10.00 in a hypothetical Bear Fund at the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the Fund’s underlying index gains 2%, and John’s investment falls by 4% to $9.60. On Day 3, the underlying index rises by 1.96%, and John’s Fund falls by 3.92% to $9.22. For the two day period the underlying index returned 4% while the Fund lost 7.8%. John’s return still correlates to -200% return of the underlying index, but not as closely as Mary’s investment in the Bull Fund.

Example 2 – Underlying Index Experiences High Volatility

Mary invests $10.00 in a hypothetical Bull Fund after the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the Fund’s underlying index rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain, and Mary’s investment rises 4% to $10.40. Mary continues to hold her investment through the end of Day 3, during which the Fund’s underlying index declines from 102 to 98, a loss of 3.92%. Mary’s investment declines by 7.84%, from $10.40 to $9.58. For the two day period since Mary invested in the Fund, the Fund’s underlying index lost 2% while Mary’s investment decreased from $10 to $9.58, a 4.2% loss. The volatility of the underlying index affected the correlation between the underlying index’s return for the two day period and Mary’s return. In this situation, Mary lost more than two times the return of the underlying index.

Conversely, John invests $10.00 in a hypothetical Bear Fund after the close of trading on Day 1. During Day 2, the Fund’s underlying index rises from 100 to 102, a 2% gain, and John’s investment falls 4% to $9.60. John continues to hold his investment through the end of Day 3, during which the Fund’s underlying index declines from 102 to 98, a loss of 3.92%. John’s investment rises by 7.84%, from $9.60 to $10.35. For the two day period since John invested in the Fund, the Fund’s underlying index lost 2% while John’s investment increased from $10 to $10.35, a 3.5% gain. The volatility of the underlying index affected the correlation between the underlying index’s return for the two day period and John’s return. In this situation, John gained less than two times the return of the underlying index.

Example 3 – Intra-day Investment with Volatility

The examples above assumed that Mary purchased the hypothetical Bull Fund at the close of trading on Day 1 and sold her investment at the close of trading on a subsequent day. However, if she made an investment intra-day, she would have received a beta determined by the performance of the underlying index from the end of the prior trading day until her time of purchase on the next trading day. Consider the following example.

Mary invests $10.00 in a hypothetical Bull Fund at 11 a.m. on Day 2. From the close of trading on Day 1 until 11 a.m. on Day 2, the underlying index moved from 100 to 102, a 2% gain. In light of that gain, the Fund beta at the point at

which Mary invests is 196%. During the remainder of Day 2, the Fund’s underlying index rises from 102 to 110, a gain of 7.84%, and Mary’s investment rises 15.4% (which is the underlying index gain of 7.84% multiplied by the 196% beta that she received) to $11.54. Mary continues to hold her investment through the close of trading on Day 3, during which the Fund’s underlying index declines from 110 to 90, a loss of 18.18%. Mary’s investment declines by 36.4%, from $11.54 to $7.34. For the period of Mary’s investment, the Fund’s underlying index declined from 102 to 90, a loss of 11.76%, while Mary’s investment decreased from $10.00 to $7.34, a 27% loss. The volatility of the underlying index affected the correlation between the underlying index’s return for period and Mary’s return. In this situation, Mary lost more than two times the return of the underlying index. Mary was also hurt because she missed the first 2% move of the underlying index and had a beta of 196% for the remainder of Day 2.

The Funds are designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Such investors are expected to monitor and manage their portfolios frequently. Investors in the Funds should: (a) understand the risks associated with the use of leverage, (b) understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results, (c) for the Bear Fund, understand the risk of shorting, and (d) intend to actively monitor and manage their investments. Investors who do not understand the Funds or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments should not buy the Funds. There is no assurance that any of the Funds offered in this Prospectus will achieve their investment objectives and an investment in any Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

Market Volatility. Each Fund seeks to provide a return which is a multiple of the daily performance of the Index. No Fund attempts to, and no Fund should be expected to, provide returns which are a multiple of the return of the Index for periods other than a single day. Each Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to that day’s gains or reducing exposure in response to that day’s losses.

Daily rebalancing will impair a Fund’s performance if the Index experiences volatility. For instance, the Bull Fund would be expected to lose 4% (as shown in Table 1 below) if the Index provided no return over a one year period and experienced annualized volatility of 20%. A hypothetical Bear Fund would be expected to lose 12% (as shown in Table 1 below) if its underlying index provided no return over a one year period and experienced annualized volatility of 20%. If the underlying index’s annualized volatility were to rise to 40%, the hypothetical loss for a one year period for the Bull Fund widens to approximately 15% while the loss for the Bear Fund rises to 45%.

 

 

21


At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a near complete loss of Fund value even if the Index is flat. For instance, if annualized volatility of the Index is 90%, both the Bull and the Bear Fund would be expected to lose more than 76% and 99% respectively, of their value even if the cumulative Index return for the year was 0%. An index’s volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of an index.

Table 1

    

Volatility

Range

  

2X Bull Fund

Loss

       

2X Bear
Fund

Loss

    
 

10%

   -1%      -3%  
 

20%

   -4%      -12%  
 

30%

   -9%      -26%  
 

40%

   -15%      -45%  
 

50%

   -23%      -65%  
 

60%

   -33%      -92%  
 

70%

   -47%      -99%  
 

80%

   -55%      -99%  
 

90%

   -76%      -99%  
 

100%

   -84%      -99%  

Table 2 shows the volatility rate for the Index over the five year period ended December 31, 2014. Since market volatility has negative implications for Funds which rebalance daily, investors should be sure to monitor and manage their investments in the Funds particularly in volatile markets. The negative implications of volatility in Table 1 can be combined with the recent volatility of the Index in Table 2 to give investors some sense of the risks of holding the Funds for long periods. These tables are intended to simply underscore the fact that the Funds are designed as short-term trading vehicles for investors who intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

Table 2

Index

    
 
 
 
5-Year
Historical
Volatility
Rate
  
  
  
  

S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index

     26.45%   

A Precautionary Note to Investors Regarding Dramatic Index Movement. The Bull Fund seeks daily exposure to the Index equal to 200% of its net assets while the Bear Fund seeks daily exposure to the Index equal to -200% of its net assets. As a consequence, a Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of a movement of the Index in excess of 50% in a direction adverse to the Fund (meaning a decline in the value of the

Index for the Bull Fund and a gain in the value of the Index for the Bear Fund). Rafferty will attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not lose more than 90% of its NAV on a given day. The cost of such downside protection will be symmetrical limitations on gains. If Rafferty successfully positions a Fund’s portfolio to provide such limits, a Fund’s portfolio and NAV will not be responsive to movements in the Index beyond 45% in a given day, whether that movement is favorable or adverse to the Fund. For example, if the Index were to gain 50%, the Bull Fund might be limited to a daily gain of 90%, which corresponds to 200% of the Index’s gain of 45%, rather than 100%, which is 200% of the Index’s gain of 50%. Rafferty cannot be assured of similarly limiting a Fund’s losses and shareholders should not expect such protection. In short, the risk of total loss exists. In the event of a severe Index movement within one trading day, which results in such a limit on gains and losses, a Fund’s performance may be inconsistent with its stated investment objective.

The intra-day value of each Fund’s shares, otherwise known as the “intraday indicative value” or “IIV,” which is disseminated by the Exchange every 15 seconds throughout the business day, is based on the current market value of the securities and cash required to be deposited in exchange for a Creation Unit on the prior business day. The IIV does not necessarily reflect the precise composition of the current portfolio of securities held by a Fund at a particular point in time, nor the best possible valuation of the current portfolio. Therefore, the IIV should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the Fund’s NAV, which is computed only once a day.

The Projected Return of the Bull Fund for a Single Trading Day. The Bull Fund seeks to provide a daily return that is 200% of the daily return of the Index. Doing so requires the use of leveraged investment techniques, which necessarily incur financing charges. For instance, the Bull Fund seeks exposure to the Index in an amount equal to 200% of its assets, meaning it uses leveraged investment techniques to seek exposure to the Index in an amount equal to 200% of its net assets. In light of the financing charges and the Bull Fund’s operating expenses, the expected return of the Bull Fund over one trading day is equal to the gross expected return, which is the daily Index return multiplied by the Bull Fund’s investment objective, minus (i) financing charges incurred by the portfolio and (ii) daily operating expenses. For instance, if the Index returns 2% on a given day, the gross expected return of the Bull Fund would be 4%, but the net expected return, which factors in the cost of financing the portfolio and the impact of operating expenses, would be lower. Each Fund will reposition its portfolio at the end of every trading day. Therefore, if an investor purchases Fund shares at close of the markets on a given trading day, the investor’s exposure to the Index for the Bull Fund would reflect 200% of the performance of the Index during the

 

 

23


following trading day, subject to the charges and expenses noted above, regardless of whether the investor sells the shares during that day.

The Projected Return of the Bear Fund for a Single Trading Day. The Bear Fund seeks to provide a daily return which is 200% of the inverse (or opposite) of the daily return of the Index. To create the necessary exposure, the Bear Fund engages in short selling—borrowing and selling securities it does not own. The money that the Bear Fund receives from short sales—the short sale proceeds—is an asset of the Bear Fund that can generate income to help offset the Bear Fund’s operating expenses. However, the costs of creating short exposure, which may require the Bear Fund’s counterparties to borrow and sell certain securities, may offset or outweigh such income. As the holder of a short position, the Bear Fund also is responsible for paying the dividends and interest accruing on the short position, which is an expense to the Bear Fund that could cause the Bear Fund to lose money on the short sale and may adversely affect its performance. The Bear Fund will reposition its portfolio at the end of every trading day. Therefore, if an investor purchases Bear Fund shares at close of the markets on a given trading day, the investor’s exposure to the Index for the Bear Fund would reflect 200% of the inverse performance of the Index during the following trading day, subject to the charges and expenses noted above, regardless of whether the investor sells the shares during that day.

The Projected Returns of Funds for Intra-Day Purchases. Because the Funds rebalance their portfolios once daily, an investor who purchases shares during a day will likely have more, or less, than 200% leveraged investment exposure to the Index. The exposure to the Index received by an investor who purchases a Fund intra-day will differ from the Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%) by an amount determined by the movement of the Index from its value at the end of the prior day. If the Index moves in a direction favorable to the Fund between the close of the market on one trading day through the time on the next trading day when the investor purchases Fund shares, the investor will receive less exposure to the Index than the stated fund daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%). Conversely, if the Index moves in a direction adverse to the Fund, the investor will receive more exposure to the Index than the stated fund daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%).

Table 3 below indicates the exposure to the Index that an intra-day purchase of a Bull Fund would be expected to provide based upon the movement in the value of the Index from the close of the market on the prior trading day. Such exposure holds until a subsequent sale on that same trading day or until the close of the market on that trading day. For instance, if the Index has moved 5% in a

direction favorable to the Bull Fund, the investor would receive exposure to the performance of the Index from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately 191% of the investor’s investment.

Conversely, if the Index has moved 5% in a direction unfavorable to the Bull Fund, an investor at that point would receive exposure to the performance of the Index from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately 211% of the investor’s investment.

The table includes a range of index moves from 20% to -20% for a Bull Fund. Index moves beyond the range noted below will result in exposure further from the Bull Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective.

Table 3

Index Move         Resulting Exposure
for Bull Fund

-20%

       267%

-15%

       243%

-10%

       225%

-5%

       211%

0%

       200%

5%

       191%

10%

       183%

15%

       177%

20%

       171%

Table 4 below indicates the exposure to the Index that an intra-day purchase of the Bear Fund would be expected to provide based upon the movement in the value of the Index from the close of the market on the prior trading day. Such exposure holds until a subsequent sale on that same trading day or until the close of the market on that trading day. Table 4 indicates that, if the Index has moved 5% in a direction favorable to the Bear Fund, the investor would receive exposure to the performance of the Index from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately -173% of the investor’s investment. Conversely, if the Index has moved 5% in a direction unfavorable to the Bear Fund, an investor would receive exposure to the performance of the Index from that point until the investor sells later that day or the end of the day equal to approximately -233% of the investor’s investment.

The table includes a range of index moves from 20% to -20% for the Bear Fund. Index moves beyond the range noted below will result in exposure further from the Bear Fund’s daily inverse leveraged investment objective.

 

 

26


Table 4

Index Move   

Resulting Exposure

for Bear Fund

-20%

   114%

-15%

   131%

-10%

   150%

-5%

   173%

0%

   200%

5%

   233%

10%

   275%

15%

   329%

20%

   400%

 

24


The Projected Returns of the Funds for Periods Other Than a Single Trading Day. The Funds seek leveraged investment results on a daily basis—from the close of regular trading on one trading day to the close on the next trading day—which should not be equated with seeking a leveraged investment objective for any other period. For instance, if the Index gains 10% for a week, the Bull Fund should not be expected to provide a return of 20% for the week even if it meets its daily leveraged investment objective throughout the week. This is true because of the financing charges noted above but also because the pursuit of daily goals may result in daily leveraged compounding, which means that the return of the Index over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by a Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective or inverse daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%) will not generally equal a Fund’s performance over that same period. In addition, the effects of compounding become greater the longer Shares are held beyond a single trading day.

The following charts set out a range of hypothetical daily performances during a given 10 trading days of the Index and demonstrate how changes in the Index impact the Funds’ performance for each trading day and cumulatively up to, and including, the entire 10 trading day period. The charts are based on a hypothetical $100 investment in the Funds over a 10 trading day period and do not reflect expenses of any kind.

Table 5 – The Index Lacks a Clear Trend

 

                     Index        Bull Fund                       Bear Fund              
          Value    

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV  

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV  

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
   
        100                   $100.00                   $100.00              

Day 1

      105   5.00%       5.00%       $110.00   10.00%       10.00%       $90.00   -10.00%       -10.00%  

Day 2

      110   4.76%       10.00%       $120.48   9.52%       20.47%       $81.43   -9.52%       -18.57%  

Day 3

      100   -9.09%       0.00%       $98.57   -18.18%       -1.43%       $96.23   18.18%       -3.76%  

Day 4

      90   -10.00%       -10.00%       $78.86   -20.00%       -21.14%         $115.48     20.00%       15.48%  

Day 5

      85   -5.56%       -15.00%       $70.10   -11.12%       -29.91%       $128.31   11.12%       28.33%  

Day 6

      100   17.65%       0.00%       $94.83   35.30%       -5.17%       $83.03   -35.30%       -16.97%  

Day 7

        95     -5.00%       -5.00%       $85.35   -10.00%       -14.65%       $91.33   10.00%       -8.67%  

Day 8

      100   5.26%       0.00%       $94.34   10.52%       -5.68%       $81.71   -10.52%       -18.28%  

Day 9

      105   5.00%       5.00%         $103.77     10.00%       3.76%       $73.54   -10.00%       -26.45%  

Day 10

      100   -4.76%       0.00%       $93.89   -9.52%       -6.12%       $80.55   9.52%       -19.45%  

The cumulative performance of the Index in Table 5 is 0% for 10 trading days. The hypothetical return of the Bull Fund for the 10 trading day period is -6.12%, while the hypothetical return of the Bear Fund is -19.45%. The volatility of the Index performance and lack of clear trend results in performance for each Fund for the period which bears little relationship to the performance of the Index for the 10 trading day period.

 

25


Table 6 – The Index Rises in a Clear Trend

 

                  Index        Bull Fund                       Bear Fund              
          Value    

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV  

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV  

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
   
        100                     $100.00                       $100.00                

Day 1

      102   2.00%       2.00%       $104.00   4.00%       4.00%       $96.00   -4.00%       -4.00%  

Day 2

      104   1.96%       4.00%       $108.08   3.92%       8.08%       $92.24   -3.92%       -7.76%  

Day 3

      106   1.92%       6.00%       $112.24   3.84%       12.23%       $88.69   -3.84%       -11.31%  

Day 4

      108   1.89%       8.00%       $116.47   3.78%       16.47%       $85.34   -3.78%       -14.66%  

Day 5

      110   1.85%       10.00%       $120.78   3.70%       20.78%       $82.18   -3.70%       -17.82%  

Day 6

      112   1.82%       12.00%       $125.18   3.64%       25.17%       $79.19   -3.64%       -20.81%  

Day 7

      114   1.79%       14.00%       $129.65   3.58%       29.66%       $76.36   -3.58%       -23.64%  

Day 8

      116   1.75%       16.00%       $134.20   3.50%       34.19%       $73.68   -3.50%       -26.31%  

Day 9

        118     1.72%       18.00%       $138.82   3.44%       38.81%       $71.14   -3.44%       -28.85%  

Day 10

      120   1.69%       20.00%       $143.53   3.38%       43.50%       $68.73   -3.38%       -31.25%  

The cumulative performance of the Index in Table 6 is 20% for 10 trading days. The hypothetical return of the Bull Fund for the 10 trading day period is 43.50%, while the hypothetical return of the Bear Fund is -31.25%. In this case, because of the positive Index trend, the Bull Fund’s gain is greater than 200% of the Index gain and the Bear Fund’s decline is less than -200% of the Index gain for the 10 trading day period.

Table 7 – The Index Declines in a Clear Trend

 

                  Index        Bull Fund                       Bear Fund              
          Value     Daily
Performance
       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV   Daily
Performance
       Cumulative
Performance
       NAV  

Daily

Performance

       Cumulative
Performance
   
        100                     $100.00                       $100.00                

Day 1

      98   -2.00%       -2.00%       $96.00   -4.00%       -4.00%       $104.00   4.00%       4.00%  

Day 2

      96   -2.04%       -4.00%       $92.08   -4.08%       -7.92%       $108.24   4.08%       8.24%  

Day 3

      94   -2.08%       -6.00%       $88.24   -4.16%       -11.75%       $112.76   4.16%       12.75%  

Day 4

      92   -2.13%       -8.00%       $84.49   -4.26%       -15.51%       $117.55   4.26%       17.55%  

Day 5

      90   -2.17%       -10.00%       $80.82   -4.34%       -19.17%       $122.66   4.34%       22.65%  

Day 6

      88   -2.22%       -12.00%       $77.22   -4.44%       -22.76%       $128.12   4.44%       28.10%  

Day 7

      86   -2.27%       -14.00%       $73.71   -4.54%       -26.27%       $133.94   4.54%       33.91%  

Day 8

      84   -2.33%       -16.00%       $70.29   -4.66%       -29.71%       $140.17   4.66%       40.15%  

Day 9

        82     -2.38%       -18.00%       $66.94   -4.76%       -33.05%       $146.84   4.76%       46.82%  

Day 10

      80   -2.44%       -20.00%       $63.67   -4.88%       -36.32%       $154.01   4.88%       53.99%  

The cumulative performance of the Index in Table 7 is -20% for 10 trading days. The hypothetical return of the Bull Fund for the 10 trading day period is -36.32%, while the hypothetical return of the Bear Fund is 53.99%. In this case, because of the negative Index trend, the Bull Fund’s decline is less than 200% of the Index decline and the Bear Fund gain is greater than 200% of the Index decline for the 10 trading day period.

 

26


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING PRINCIPAL RISKS

An investment in the Funds entails risks. The Funds could lose money, or their performance could trail that of other investment alternatives. Rafferty cannot guarantee that any of the Funds will achieve their investment objectives. In addition, the Funds present some risks not traditionally associated with most mutual funds and ETFs. It is important that investors closely review and understand these risks before making an investment in any of the Funds. Turbulence in financial markets and reduced liquidity in equity, credit and fixed income markets could negatively affect issuers worldwide, including the Funds. The table below provides the risks of investing in the Funds. Following the table, each risk is explained.

 

       Aggressive
Investment
Techniques
  Cash
Transaction
Risk
  Consumer
Goods
Industry
Risk
  Consumer
Services
Industry
Risk
  Counterparty
Risk
 

Daily
Index
Correlation/

Tracking

Risk

 

Daily
Inverse
Index
Correlation/

Tracking
Risk

  Derivatives
Risk
  Early
Close/
Trading
Halt
Risk
 

Effects

of
Compounding
and

Market
Volatility
Risk

  Equity
Securities
Risk
  High
Portfolio
Turnover
Risk
 

Homebuilding
Industry

Risk

  Industrial
Sector
Risk
 

Intra-

Day
Investment
Risk

  Leverage
Risk
  Liquidity
Risk
  Market
Risk
  Money
Market
Instrument
Risk
 

Non-

Diversification
Risk

  Other
Investment
Company
(including
ETFs)
Risk
  Regulatory
Risk
  Retail
Sector
Risk
  Shorting
Risk
 

Small-

and/or

Mid-

Capitalization
Companies
Risk

 

Special
Risks

of
Exchange-
Traded
Funds

Direxion Daily

Homebuilders

& Supplies

Bear 2X Shares

  X   X   X   X   X       X   X   X   X       X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X       X   X   X   X   X

Direxion Daily

Homebuilders

& Supplies

Bull 2X Shares

  X       X   X   X   X       X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X   X       X   X

 

27


Adverse Market Conditions Risk

The performance of each Fund is designed to correlate to the performance of the Index. As a consequence, a Fund’s performance will suffer during conditions which are adverse to its investment objective. For example, if the Index has risen on a given day, the Bear Fund’s performance should fall. Conversely, if the Index has fallen on a given day, the Bear Fund’s performance should rise. If the Index has risen on a given day, the Bull Fund’s performance should rise. Conversely, if the Index has fallen on a given day, the Bull Fund’s performance also should fall.

Adviser’s Investment Strategy Risk

The Adviser utilizes a quantitative methodology to select investments for each Fund. Although this methodology is designed to correlate the Bull Fund’s daily performance with 200% of the daily performance of its Index and the Bear Fund’s daily performance with -200% of the performance of the Index, there is no assurance that such methodology will be successful and will enable each Fund to achieve its investment objective.

Aggressive Investment Techniques Risk

The Funds use investment techniques that may be considered aggressive and may entail significantly higher than normal risk. Risks associated with the use of futures contracts, options and swap agreements include potentially dramatic price changes (losses) in the value of the instruments and imperfect correlations between the price of the contract and the underlying security or index. These instruments may increase the volatility of the Funds and may involve a small investment of cash relative to the magnitude of the risk assumed.

Cash Transaction Risk

Unlike most ETFs, the Bear Fund currently intends to effect creation and redemptions principally for cash, rather than principally for in-kind securities, because of the nature of the financial instruments held by the Bear Fund. As such, investments in the Bear Fund may be less tax efficient than investments in conventional ETFs. ETFs generally are able to make in-kind redemptions and avoid being taxed on gains on the distributed portfolio securities at the fund level. Because the Bear Fund currently intends to effect redemptions principally for cash, the Bear Fund may be required to sell portfolio securities in order to obtain the cash needed to distribute redemption proceeds. The Bear Fund may recognize a capital gain on these sales that might not have been incurred if the Bear Fund had made a redemption in-kind and this may decrease the tax efficiency of the Bear Fund compared to ETFs that utilize an in-kind redemption process.

Consumer Goods Industry Risk

The Funds may invest in, and/or have exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer goods industry. Because companies in the consumer goods industry manufacture products, the success of these companies is tied closely to the performance of the overall domestic and international economy, interest rates, competition and consumer confidence. Additionally, government

regulation, including new laws, affecting the permissibility of using various production methods or other types of inputs such as materials, may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry. Changes or trends in commodity prices, which may be influenced or characterized by unpredictable factors may adversely impact companies in the consumer goods industry.

Consumer Services Industry Risk

The Funds invest in, and/or have exposure to, the securities of companies in the consumer services industry. Because companies provide services directly to consumers, these companies are impacted by competition and consumer confidence and are dependent on disposable household income and discretionary consumer spending. Changes in demographics and consumer tastes can impact demand for, and the success of consumer service companies.

Counterparty Risk

The Funds may invest in financial instruments involving counterparties for the purpose of attempting to gain exposure to a particular group of securities or an asset class without actually purchasing those securities or investments. These financial instruments include, but are not limited to, total return, index and interest rate swap agreements. The Funds will use short-term counterparty agreements to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized in particular predetermined investments or instruments. The Funds will not enter into any agreement involving a counterparty unless the Adviser believes that the other party to the transaction is creditworthy. The use of swap agreements involves risks that are different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. For example, the Funds bear the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap agreement counterparty. In addition, the Funds may enter into swap agreements with a limited number of counterparties, which may increase the Fund’s exposure to counterparty credit risk. Swap agreements and other counterparty instruments also may be considered to be illiquid. Further, there is a risk that no suitable counterparties will be willing to enter into, or continue to enter into, transactions with the Funds and, as a result, the Funds may not be able to achieve their investment objectives.

Daily Index Correlation/Tracking Risk

For the Bull Fund, there can be no guarantee that the Bull Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation to the Index and therefore achieve its daily leveraged investment objective. To achieve a high degree of correlation with the Index, the Bull Fund seeks to rebalance its portfolio daily to keep leverage consistent with its daily leveraged investment objective. The Bull Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily leveraged investment objective due to fees and expenses, high portfolio turnover, transaction costs and costs associated with the use of leveraged investment techniques and/or a temporary lack of liquidity in the markets for the securities held by the Bull Fund. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions or extreme volatility will also adversely affect the Bull Fund’s ability

 

 

28


to adjust exposure to the required levels. The Bull Fund may not have investment exposure to all securities in the Index, or its weighting of investment exposure to such stocks or industries may be different from that of the Index. In addition, the Bull Fund may invest in securities or financial instruments not included in the Index. The Bull Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Bull Fund, potentially resulting in the Bull Fund being over- or under-exposed to the Index. In addition, the target amount of portfolio exposure to the Index is impacted dynamically by the Index’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Bull Fund will be perfectly exposed to the Index at the end of each day. The possibility of the Bull Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to the Index increases on days when the Index is volatile near the close of the trading day. Activities surrounding periodic index reconstitutions and other index rebalancing or reconstitution events may hinder the Bull Fund’s ability to meet its daily leveraged investment objective.

Daily Inverse Index Correlation/Tracking Risk

For the Bear Fund, Shareholders should lose money when the Index rises, which is a result that is the opposite from traditional index tracking funds. There is no guarantee that the Bear Fund will achieve a high degree of inverse correlation to the Index and therefore achieve its daily inverse leveraged investment objective. To achieve a high degree of inverse correlation with the Index, the Bear Fund seeks to rebalance its portfolio daily to keep leverage consistent with its daily inverse leveraged investment objective. The Bear Fund may have difficulty achieving its daily inverse leveraged investment objective due to fees, expenses, transactions costs, financing costs related to the use of derivatives, income items, valuation methodology, accounting standards and disruptions or illiquidity in the markets for the securities or derivatives held by the Bear Fund. Market disruptions, regulatory restrictions or extreme volatility will also adversely affect the Bear Fund’s ability to adjust exposure to the required levels. The Bear Fund may not have investment exposure to all securities in the Index, or its weighting of investment exposure to such stocks or industries may be different from that of the Index. In addition, the Bear Fund may invest in securities or financial instruments not included in the Index. The Bear Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Bear Fund, potentially resulting in the Bear Fund being over- or under-exposed to the Index. In addition, the target amount of portfolio exposure to the Index is impacted dynamically by the Index’s movement. Because of this, it is unlikely that the Bear Fund will be perfectly exposed to the Index at the end of each day. The possibility of the Bear Fund being materially over- or under-exposed to the Index increases on days when the Index is volatile near the close of the trading day. Activities surrounding periodic index reconstitutions and other index rebalancing or reconstitution events may hinder the Bear Fund’s ability to meet its daily inverse leveraged investment objective.

Derivatives Risk

The Funds use investment techniques, including investments in derivatives, such as swaps, futures and forward contracts, and options that may be considered aggressive. For the Bull Fund, the use of derivatives may result in larger losses or smaller gains than investing in the underlying securities directly. For the Bear Fund, the use of derivatives may result in larger losses or smaller gains than directly shorting the underlying securities. Investments in these derivatives may generally be subject to market risks that cause their prices to fluctuate more than an investment directly in a security and may increase the volatility of the Funds. The use of derivatives may expose the Funds to additional risks such as counterparty risk, liquidity risk and increased daily correlation risk. When the Funds use derivatives, there may be imperfect correlation between the value of the underlying reference assets and the derivative, which may prevent the Funds from achieving their investment objectives. Each Fund may use a combination of swaps on the Index and swaps on an ETF whose investment objective is to track the performance of the Index. The performance of this underlying ETF may not track the performance of the Index due to fees and other costs borne by the ETF and other factors. Thus, to the extent that the Funds invest in swaps that use an ETF as an underlying reference asset, the Funds may be subject to greater correlation risk and may not achieve as high a degree of correlation with the Index as it would if the Funds used swaps that utilized the Index securities as a reference or as an underlying asset. Additionally, with respect to the use of swap agreements, if the Index has a dramatic intraday move in value that causes a material decline in a Fund’s NAV, the terms of the swap agreement between the Funds and their counterparty may allow the counterparty to immediately close out of the transaction with the Funds. In such circumstances, the Funds may be unable to enter into another swap agreement or invest in other derivatives to achieve the desired exposure consistent with the Funds’ daily leveraged investment objective. This may prevent the Funds from achieving their daily leveraged investment objective particularly if the Index reverses all or a portion of its intraday move by the end of the day. Any financing, borrowing or other costs associated with using derivatives may also have the effect of lowering the Funds’ return. In addition, the Funds’ investments in derivatives, as of the date of this Prospectus, are subject to the following risks:

 

 

Swap Agreements. Swap agreements are entered into primarily with major global financial institutions for a specified period which may range from one day to more than one year. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the return (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined reference or underlying securities or instruments. The gross return to be exchanged or swapped between the parties is calculated based on a notional amount or the return on or change in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a basket of securities representing a particular index. Total return swaps are subject to

 

 

29


counterparty risk, which relates to credit risk of the counterparty and liquidity risk of the swaps themselves.

 

 

Futures Contracts. A futures contact is a contract to purchase or sell a particular security, or the cash value of an index, at a specified future date at a price agreed upon when the contract is made. Under such contracts, no delivery of the actual securities is required. Rather, upon the expiration of the contract, settlement is made by exchanging cash in an amount equal to the difference between the contract price and the closing price of a security or index at expiration, net of the variation margin that was previously paid.

 

 

Forward Contracts. Forward contracts are two-party contracts pursuant to which one party agrees to pay the counterparty a fixed price for an agreed upon amount of commodities, securities, or the cash value of the commodities, securities or the securities index, at an agreed upon date. A forward currency contract is an obligation to buy or sell a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days from the date of the contract agreed upon by the parties, at a price set at the time of the contract.

 

 

Options. An option is a contract that gives the purchaser (holder) of the option, in return for a premium, the right to buy from (call) or sell to (put) the seller (writer) of the option the security or currency underlying the option at a specified exercise price at any time during the term of the option (normally not exceeding nine months). The writer of an option has the obligation upon exercise of the option to deliver the underlying security or currency upon payment of the exercise price or to pay the exercise price upon delivery of the underlying security or currency.

 

 

Options on Futures Contracts. An option on a futures contract provides the holder with the right to enter into a “long” position in the underlying futures contract, in the case of a call option, or a “short” position in the underlying futures contract in the case of a put option, at a fixed exercise price to a stated expiration date. Upon exercise of the option by the holder, the contract market clearing house establishes a corresponding short position for the writer of the option, in the case of a call option, or a corresponding long position, in the case of a put option.

Early Close/Trading Halt Risk

An exchange or market may close or issue trading halts on specific securities, or the ability to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments may be restricted, which may result in a Fund being unable to buy or sell certain securities or financial instruments. In such circumstances, a Fund may be unable to rebalance its portfolio, may be unable to accurately price its investments and/or may incur substantial trading losses.

Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk

There can be no guarantee that a Fund will achieve a high degree of correlation with its daily leveraged investment objective relative to the Index. A failure to achieve a high degree of correlation may prevent a Fund from achieving its daily leveraged investment objective. A number of factors may adversely affect a Fund’s correlation with the Index, including fees, expenses, transaction costs, costs associated with the Funds’ use of leveraged investment techniques, income items and accounting standards. A Fund may not have investment exposure to all securities in the Index, or its weighting of investment exposure to such stocks or industries may be different from that of the Index. In addition, a Fund may invest in securities or financial instruments not included in the Index. The Fund may be subject to large movements of assets into and out of the Fund, potentially resulting in the Fund being over- or under-exposed to the Index. Activities surrounding periodic index reconstitutions and other index rebalancing or reconstitution events may hinder the Funds’ ability to meet their daily leveraged investment objective on that day. Each Fund seeks to rebalance its portfolio daily to keep leverage consistent with each Fund’s daily leveraged investment objective.

Each Fund does not attempt to, and should not be expected to, provide returns which are 200% or -200% of the return of the Index for periods other than a single day. The Bull Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure in response to that day’s gains or reducing exposure in response to that day’s losses. The Bear Fund rebalances its portfolio on a daily basis, increasing exposure to the Index’s daily losses and reducing exposure in response to the Index’s daily gains. This means that for a period longer than one day, the pursuit of a daily leveraged investment objective may result in daily leveraged compounding. It also means that the return of the Index over a period of time greater than one day multiplied by the Funds’ daily leveraged investment objective (e.g., 200% or -200%) generally will not equal a Fund’s performance over that same period.

As a result, over time, the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in the value of a Fund’s portfolio may diverge significantly from the cumulative percentage increase or decrease in 200% or -200% of the return of the Fund’s Index due to the compounding effect of losses and gains on the returns of a Fund. It also is expected that a Fund’s use of leverage will cause the Fund to underperform the return of two times the Index in a trendless or flat market.

The effect of compounding becomes more pronounced on a Fund’s performance as the Index experiences volatility. The Index’s volatility rate is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of the Index. The tables below provide examples of how the Index’s volatility could affect a Fund’s performance. The charts show estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of performance and volatility over a one-year period and is shown to illustrate how holding a Fund for a period longer than one day may negatively impact investment return. Performance shown in the chart assumes that: (i) no

 

 

30


dividends were paid with respect to the securities included in the Index; (ii) there were no Fund expenses; and (iii) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain inverse leveraged exposure) of 0%. If Fund expenses and/or actual borrowing/lending rates were reflected, the estimated returns would be different than those shown.

As shown in the tables below, the Bull Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% and the Bear Fund would be expected to lose 17.1% if the Index provided no return over a one year period during which the Index experienced annualized volatility of 25%. If the Index’s annualized volatility were to rise to 75%, the hypothetical loss for a one-year period widens to approximately 43% for the Bull Fund and 81.5% for the Bear Fund.

At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a near complete loss of value even if the Index is flat. For instance, if the Index’s annualized volatility is 100%, it is likely that the Bull Fund would lose over 60% of its value and the Bear Fund would lose approximately 95% of its value, even if the cumulative Index return for the year was only 0%. The volatility of ETFs or instruments that reflect the value of the Index such as swaps, may differ from the volatility of the Index.

Bull Fund

 

LOGO

Bear Fund

 

LOGO

Holding an unmanaged position opens the investor to the risk of market volatility adversely affecting the performance of the investment. The Funds are not appropriate for investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. These tables are intended to underscore the fact that the Funds are designed as short-term trading vehicles for investors who intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios.

For additional information and examples demonstrating the effects of volatility and index performance on the long-term performance of the Funds, see the “Additional Information Regarding Investment Techniques and Policies” section, and “Special Note Regarding the Correlation Risks of the Funds” in the Funds’ Statement of Additional Information.

Equity Securities Risk

For the Bull Fund, investments in publicly issued equity securities and securities that provide exposure to equity securities, including common stocks, in general are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests will cause the NAV of the Fund to fluctuate.

Gain Limitation Risk

Rafferty will attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not lose more than 90% of its NAV on a given day. The cost of such downside protection will be limitations on a Fund’s gains. As a consequence, a Fund’s portfolio may not be responsive to Index movements beyond 45% in a given day whether that movement is favorable or adverse. For example, if the Index were to gain 50%, the Bull Fund might be limited to a daily gain of 90% rather than 100%, which is 200% of the Index’s gain of 50%.

 

 

31


High Portfolio Turnover Risk

Daily rebalancing of Fund holdings pursuant to each Fund’s daily investment objective causes a much greater number of portfolio transactions when compared to most ETFs. Additionally, active market trading of a Fund’s shares on such exchanges as the NYSE Arca, Inc., could cause more frequent creation and redemption activities which could increase the number of portfolio transactions. Frequent and active trading may lead to higher transaction costs because of increased broker commissions resulting from such transactions. In addition, there is the possibility of significantly increased short-term capital gains (which will be taxable to shareholders as ordinary income when distributed to them). Each Fund calculates portfolio turnover without including the short term cash instruments or derivative transactions that comprise the majority of a Fund’s trading. As such, if the Funds’ extensive use of derivative instruments were reflected, the calculated portfolio turnover rate would be significantly higher.

Homebuilding Industry Risk

The Funds’ assets will generally be concentrated in the homebuilding industry which means a Fund will be more affected by the performance of the homebuilding industry than a fund that is more diversified. The homebuilding industry includes home builders (including manufacturers of mobile and prefabricated homes), as well as producers, sellers and suppliers of building materials, furnishings and fixtures. Companies within the industry may be significantly affected by the national, regional and local real estate markets, changes in government spending, zoning laws, interest rates and commodity prices. This industry is also sensitive to interest rate fluctuations which can cause changes in the availability of mortgage capital and directly impact the purchasing power of potential homebuyers. Certain segments of the homebuilding industry may be significantly affected by environmental cleanup costs and catastrophic events such as earthquakes, hurricanes and terrorist acts. The building industry can be significantly affected by changes in consumer confidence, demographic patterns, housing starts and the level of new and existing home sales.

Industrial Sector Risk

The Funds may invest in, and/or have exposure to, the securities of companies in the industrial sector. Stock prices of issuers in the industrial sector are affected by supply and demand both for their specific product or service and for industrial sector products in general. Government regulation, world events and economic conditions will also affect the performance of investment in such issuers. Certain companies included in the industrial sector are subject to cyclical performance and therefore investment in such companies may experience occasional sharp price movements which may result from changes in the economy, fuel prices, labor agreements and insurance costs.

Intra-Day Investment Risk

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results, which should not be equated with seeking an investment objective for shorter than a day. Thus, an investor who

purchases Fund shares after the close of the markets on one trading day and before the close of the markets on the next trading day will likely have more, or less, than 200% or -200% leveraged investment exposure to the Index, depending upon the movement of the Index from the end of one trading day until the time of purchase. If the Index moves in a direction favorable to a Fund, the investor will receive exposure to the Index less than 200% or -200% exposure to the Index. Conversely, if the Index moves in a direction adverse to a Fund, the investor will receive exposure to the Index greater than 200% or -200% exposure to the Index. Investors may consult the Funds’ website at any point during the day to determine how the current value of a Fund’s Index relates to the value of the Index at the end of the previous day.

Leverage Risk

To achieve its daily investment objective, each Fund obtains investment exposure in excess of its assets by utilizing leverage and may lose more money in market conditions that are adverse to its daily objective than a similar fund that does not utilize leverage. If you invest in the Funds, you are exposed to the risk that any adverse daily performance of the Index will be leveraged. This means that if the Index experiences adverse daily performance, your investment in the Fund will be reduced by an amount equal to 2% for every 1% of adverse performance, not including the cost of financing the portfolio and the impact of operating expenses, which would further lower your investment.

A Fund could theoretically lose an amount greater than its net assets in the event of a movement of the Index in excess of 50% in a direction adverse to the Fund. Further, purchasing shares of a Fund during a day may result in greater than 200% or -200% exposure to the performance of the Index if the Index moves in a direction adverse to the Fund between the close of the markets on one trading day and before the close of the markets on the next trading day.

Liquidity Risk

Some securities held by the Funds, including derivatives, may be difficult to sell or illiquid, particularly during times of market turmoil. Illiquid securities also may be difficult to value. If a Fund is forced to sell an illiquid security at an unfavorable time or at a price that is lower than Rafferty’s judgment of the security’s true market value, the Fund may be forced to sell the security at a loss. Such a situation may prevent a Fund from limiting losses, realizing gains or achieving a high correlation, or for the Bear Fund a high inverse correlation, with the Index, thus adversely affecting Fund performance.

Market Risk

Each Fund is subject to market risks that can affect the value of its shares. These risks include political, regulatory, market and economic developments, including developments that impact specific economic sectors, industries or segments of the market. A Bull Fund typically would lose value on a day when the Index

 

 

32


declines. A Bear Fund typically would lose value on a day when the Index increases.

Turbulence in the financial markets and reduced liquidity in equity, credit and fixed-income markets may negatively affect issuers worldwide, which could have an adverse effect on each Fund. Following the financial crisis that began in 2007, the Federal Reserve has attempted to stabilize the U.S. economy and support the U.S. economic recovery by keeping the federal funds rate at or near zero percent. When the Federal Reserve raises the federal funds rate, there is a risk that interest rates across the U.S. financial system will rise. These policy changes may expose markets to heightened volatility and may reduce liquidity for certain Fund investments, causing the value of the Fund’s investments and share price to decline.

Money Market Instrument Risk

Each Fund may use a variety of money market instruments for cash management purposes, including money market funds, depositary accounts and repurchase agreements. Money market funds may be subject to credit risk with respect to the short-term debt instruments in which they invest. Depository accounts may be subject to credit risk with respect to the financial institution in which the depository account is held. Repurchase agreements are contracts in which a seller of securities agrees to buy the securities back at a specified time and price. Repurchase agreements may be subject to market and credit risk related to the collateral securing the repurchase agreement. There is no guarantee that money market instruments will maintain a stable value, and they may lose money.

Non-Diversification Risk

Each Fund is non-diversified. A non-diversified fund invests a high percentage of its assets in a limited number of securities. A non-diversified fund’s NAV and total return may fluctuate more or fall greater in times of weaker markets than a diversified mutual fund because the Fund may invest its assets in a smaller number of issuers or may invest a larger proportion of its assets in a single issuer. As a result, the gains or losses on a single investment may have a greater impact on a Fund’s NAV and may make a Fund more volatile than more diversified funds.

Other Investment Companies (including ETFs) Risk

The Bull Fund may invest in the securities of other investment companies, including ETFs, (which may, in turn invest in equities, bonds, and other financial vehicles) may involve duplication of advisory fees and certain other expenses. By investing in another investment company or ETF, a Fund becomes a shareholder of that investment company or ETF. As a result, Fund shareholders indirectly bear the Fund’s proportionate share of the fees and expenses paid by shareholders of the other investment company or ETF, in addition to the fees and expenses Fund shareholders bear in connection with a Fund’s own operations. As a shareholder, a Fund must rely on the investment company or ETF to achieve its investment objective. A Fund’s performance may be magnified

positively or negatively by virtue of its investment in other investment companies or ETFs. If the investment company or ETF fails to achieve its investment objective, the value of a Fund’s investment will decline, adversely affecting the Fund’s performance. In addition, because closed-end investment companies and ETFs are listed on national stock exchanges and are traded like stocks listed on an exchange, their shares potentially may trade at a discount or a premium. Investments in such shares are also subject to brokerage and other trading costs, which could result in greater expenses to a Fund. Finally, because the value of other investment company and ETF shares depends on the demand in the market, the Adviser may not be able to liquidate a Fund’s holdings at the most optimal time, adversely affecting the Fund’s performance.

Regulatory Risk

Each Fund is subject to the risk that a change in U.S. law and related regulations will impact the way a Fund operates, increase the particular costs of a Fund’s operations and/or change the competitive landscape. In particular, there is no guarantee that the Bear Fund will be permitted to continue to engage in short sales, which are designed to earn the Bear Fund a profit from the decline of the price of a particular security, basket of securities or index.

Additional legislative or regulatory changes could occur that may materially and adversely affect the Funds. For example, the regulatory environment for derivative instruments in which a Fund may invest is evolving, and changes in the regulation or taxation of derivative instruments may materially and adversely affect the ability of the Funds to pursue their trading strategies. Such legislative or regulatory changes could pose additional risks and result in material adverse consequences to the Funds.

Retail Sector Risk

The Funds invest in, and/or have exposure to, the securities of companies in the retail sector. Retail and related industries can be significantly affected by the performance of the domestic and international economy, consumer confidence and spending, intense competition, changes in demographics, and changing consumer tastes and preferences. In addition, the retailing industry is highly competitive and a company’s success can be tied to its ability to anticipate changing consumer tastes.

Shorting Risk

The Bear Fund may engage in short sales designed to earn the Bear Fund a profit from the decline in the price of particular securities, baskets of securities or indices. Short sales are transactions in which the Bear Fund borrows securities from a broker and sells the borrowed securities. The Bear Fund is obligated to replace the security borrowed by purchasing the security at the market price at the time of replacement. If the market price of the underlying security goes down between the time the Bear Fund sells the security and buys it back, the Bear Fund will realize a gain on the transaction. Conversely, if the underlying security goes up in price during the period, the

 

 

33


Bear Fund will realize a loss on the transaction. Any such loss is increased by the amount of premium or interest the Bear Fund must pay to the lender of the security. Likewise, any gain will be decreased by the amount of premium or interest the Bear Fund must pay to the lender of the security. The Bear Fund’s investment performance may also suffer if the Bear Fund is required to close out a short position earlier than it had intended. This would occur if the securities lender required the Bear Fund to deliver the securities the Bear Fund borrowed at the commencement of the short sale and the Bear Fund was unable to borrow the securities from another securities lender or otherwise obtain the security by other means. In addition, the Bear Fund may be subject to expenses related to short sales that are not typically associated with investing in securities directly, such as costs of borrowing and margin account maintenance costs associated with the Bear Fund’s open short positions. As the holder of a short position, the Bear Fund also is responsible for paying the dividends and interest accruing on the short position, which is an expense to the Bear Fund that could cause the Bear Fund to lose money on the short sale and may adversely affect its performance.

Small- and/or Mid-Capitalization Company Risk

Investing in the securities of small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, and securities that provide exposure to small- and/or mid-capitalization companies, involves greater risks and the possibility of greater price volatility than investing in more-established, larger capitalization companies. Small- and/or mid-capitalization companies often have narrower markets for their goods and/or services and more limited managerial and financial resources than larger, more established companies. Furthermore, those companies often have limited product lines, services, markets, financial resources or are dependent on a small management group. In addition, because these stocks are not well-known to the investing public, do not have significant institutional ownership and are followed by relatively few security analysts, there will normally be less publicly available information concerning these securities compared to what is available for the securities of larger companies. Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether based on fundamental analysis, can decrease the value and liquidity of securities held by the Fund. As a result, the performance of small-and/or mid-capitalization companies can be more volatile and they face greater risk of business failure, which could increase the volatility of the Fund’s portfolio.

Special Risks of Exchange-Traded Funds

Trading Issues. Trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable, such as extraordinary market volatility or other reasons. There can be no assurance that Shares will continue to meet the listing requirements of the Exchange, and the listing requirements may be amended from time to time.

Market Price Variance Risk. Individual Shares of a Fund that are listed for trading on the Exchange can be bought and sold in the secondary market at market prices. The market prices of Shares will fluctuate in response to changes in NAV and supply and demand for Shares. The Adviser cannot predict whether Shares will trade above, below or at their NAV. Given the fact that Shares can be created and redeemed in Creation Units, the Adviser believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of Shares should not be sustained. There may, however, be times when the market price and the NAV vary significantly and you may pay more than NAV when buying Shares on the secondary market, and you may receive less than NAV when you sell those Shares. A Fund’s investment results are measured based upon the daily NAV of the Fund over a period of time. Investors purchasing and selling Shares in the secondary market may not experience investment results consistent with those experienced by those creating and redeeming directly with a Fund. There is no guarantee that an active secondary market will develop for Shares of the Funds.

A Precautionary Note to Retail Investors. The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”), a limited trust company and securities depositary that serves as a national clearinghouse for the settlement of trades for its participating banks and broker-dealers, or its nominee will be the registered owner of all outstanding Shares of each Fund of the Trust. Your ownership of Shares will be shown on the records of DTC and the DTC Participant broker through whom you hold the Shares. THE TRUST WILL NOT HAVE ANY RECORD OF YOUR OWNERSHIP. Your account information will be maintained by your broker, who will provide you with account statements, confirmations of your purchases and sales of Shares, and tax information. Your broker also will be responsible for ensuring that you receive shareholder reports and other communications from the Fund whose Shares you own. Typically, you will receive other services (e.g., average basis information) only if your broker offers these services.

A Precautionary Note to Purchasers of Creation Units. You should be aware of certain legal risks unique to investors purchasing Creation Units directly from the issuing Fund. Because new Shares may be issued on an ongoing basis, a “distribution” of Shares could be occurring at any time. As a dealer, certain activities on your part could, depending on the circumstances, result in your being deemed a participant in the distribution, in a manner that could render you a statutory underwriter and subject you to the prospectus delivery and liability provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”). For example, you could be deemed a statutory underwriter if you purchase Creation Units from an issuing Fund, break them down into the constituent Shares and sell those Shares directly to customers, or if you choose to couple the creation of a supply of new Shares with an active selling effort involving solicitation of secondary market demand for Shares. Whether a person is an underwriter depends upon all of the facts and

 

 

34


circumstances pertaining to that person’s activities, and the examples mentioned here should not be considered a complete description of all the activities that could cause you to be deemed an underwriter. Dealers who are not “underwriters,” but are participating in a distribution (as opposed to engaging in ordinary secondary market transactions), and thus dealing with Shares as part of an “unsold allotment” within the meaning of Section 4(3)(C) of the Securities Act, will be unable to take advantage of the prospectus delivery exemption provided by Section 4(3) of the Securities Act.

A Precautionary Note to Investment Companies. For purposes of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“1940 Act”) each Fund is a registered investment company, and the acquisition of Shares by other investment companies is subject to the restrictions of Section 12(d)(1) thereof.

The Trust and the Funds have obtained an exemptive order from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) allowing a registered investment company to invest in a Fund beyond the limits of Section 12(d)(1) subject to certain conditions, including that a registered investment company enters into a Participation Agreement with the Trust regarding the terms of the investment. Any investment company considering purchasing Shares of a Fund in amounts that would cause it to exceed the restrictions under Section 12(d)(1) should contact the Trust.

A Precautionary Note Regarding Unusual Circumstances. The Trust can postpone payment of redemption proceeds for any period during which (1) the Exchange is closed other than customary weekend and holiday closings, (2) trading on the Exchange is restricted, as determined by the SEC, (3) any emergency circumstances exist, as determined by the SEC, or (4) the SEC by order permits for the protection of shareholders of a Fund.

UNDERLYING INDEX LICENSORS

Standard and Poor’s Index. The Index is a product of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (“SPDJI”), and has been licensed for use by the Trust. Standard & Poor’s®, S&P® and S&P 500® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC (“S&P”); Dow Jones® is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (“Dow Jones”); and these trademarks have been licensed for use by SPDJI and sublicensed for certain purposes by the Trust. The Funds are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by SPDJI, Dow Jones, S&P, any of their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”). S&P Dow Jones Indices makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the owners of the Funds or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the Funds particularly or the ability of the Index to track general market performance. S&P Dow Jones Indices’ only relationship to the Trust with respect to the Index is the licensing of such Index and certain

trademarks, service marks and/or trade names of S&P Dow Jones Indices or its licensors. The Index is determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices without regard to the Trust or the Funds. S&P Dow Jones Indices have no obligation to take the needs of the Trust or the owners of the Funds into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the Index. S&P Dow Jones Indices is not responsible for and has not participated in the determination of the prices, and amount of the Funds or the timing of the issuance or sale of the Funds or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which the Funds are to be converted into cash, surrendered or redeemed, as the case may be. S&P Dow Jones Indices has no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of the Funds. There is no assurance that investment products based on the Index will accurately track index performance or provide positive investment returns. S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC is not an investment advisor. Inclusion of a security within an index is not a recommendation by S&P Dow Jones Indices to buy, sell, or hold such security, nor is it considered to be investment advice. Notwithstanding the foregoing, CME Group Inc. and its affiliates may independently issue and/or sponsor financial products based on the S&P 500 Index and other S&P proprietary indices unrelated to the Funds currently being issued by the Trust, but which may be similar to and competitive with the Funds. CME Group Inc. is an indirect shareholder of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC.

S&P DOW JONES INDICES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE ADEQUACY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE INDEX OR ANY DATA RELATED THERETO OR ANY COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ORAL OR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION (INCLUDING ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS) WITH RESPECT THERETO. S&P DOW JONES INDICES SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY DAMAGES OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR DELAYS THEREIN. S&P DOW JONES INDICES MAKES NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE OR AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY THE TRUST, OWNERS OF THE FUNDS, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE INDEX OR WITH RESPECT TO ANY DATA RELATED THERETO. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT WHATSOEVER SHALL S&P DOW JONES INDICES BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOST TIME OR GOODWILL, EVEN IF THEY HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBLITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. THERE ARE NO THIRD PARTY BENEFICIARIES OF ANY

 

 

35


AGREEMENTS OR ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND THE TRUST, OTHER THAN THE LICENSORS OF S&P DOW JONES INDICES.

HOW TO BUY AND SELL SHARES

Each Fund issues and redeems Shares only in large blocks of Shares called “Creation Units.”

Most investors will buy and sell Shares of each Fund in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of each Fund that are listed for trading on the secondary market on the Exchange can be bought and sold throughout the trading day like other publicly traded shares. There is no minimum investment. Although Shares are generally purchased and sold in “round lots” of 50,000 Shares, brokerage firms typically permit investors to purchase or sell Shares in smaller “oddlots” at no per-share price differential.

When buying or selling Shares through a broker, you will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges, and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offer price in the secondary market on each leg of a round trip (purchase and sale) transaction. In addition, because secondary market transactions occur at market prices, you may pay more than NAV when you buy Shares, and receive less than NAV when you sell those Shares.

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Adviser may pay the intermediary for educational training programs, the development of technology platforms and reporting systems or other administrative services related to the Fund. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

The Funds’ Exchange trading symbols are as follows:

 

Fund

   Symbol      
Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares          
Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares          

Share prices are reported in dollars and cents per Share.

Investors may acquire Shares directly from each Fund, and shareholders may tender their Shares for redemption directly to each Fund, only in Creation Units, as discussed in the “Creations, Redemptions and Transaction Fees” section below. A Creation Unit consists of 50,000 Shares.

For information about acquiring Shares through a secondary market purchase, please contact your broker. If you wish to sell Shares of a Fund on the secondary market, you must do so through your broker.

Book Entry. Shares are held in book-entry form, which means that no stock certificates are issued. The DTC or its nominee is the record owner of all outstanding Shares of the Funds and is recognized as the owner of all Shares for all purposes.

Investors owning Shares are beneficial owners as shown on the records of the DTC or its participants. DTC serves as the securities depository for all Shares. Participants in the DTC include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other institutions that directly or indirectly maintain a custodial relationship with DTC. As a beneficial owner of Shares, you are not entitled to receive physical delivery of stock certificates or to have Shares registered in your name, and you are not considered a registered owner of Shares. Therefore, to exercise any right as an owner of Shares, you must rely upon the procedures of DTC and its participants. These procedures are the same as those that apply to any other stocks that you hold in book entry or “street name” through your brokerage account.

ABOUT YOUR INVESTMENT

Share Price of the Funds

A fund’s share price is known as its NAV. Each Fund’s share price is calculated as of the close of regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), usually 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time (“Valuation Time”), each day the NYSE is open for business (“Business Day”). The NYSE is open for business Monday through Friday, except in observation of the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, President’s Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, July 4th, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. NYSE holiday schedules are subject to change without notice.

If the exchange or market on which a Fund’s investments are primarily traded closes early, the NAV may be calculated prior to its normal calculation time. Creation/redemption transaction order time cutoffs would also be accelerated.

The value of a Fund’s assets that trade in markets outside the United States or in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar may fluctuate when foreign markets are open but the Funds are not open for business.

Share price is calculated by dividing a Fund’s net assets by its shares outstanding. In calculating its NAV, each Fund generally values its assets on the basis of market quotations, last sale prices, or estimates of value furnished by a pricing service or brokers who make markets in such instruments. If such information is not available for a security held by a Fund, is determined to be unreliable, or (to the Adviser’s knowledge) does not reflect a significant event occurring after the close of the market on which the security principally trades (but before the close of trading on the NYSE), the security will be valued at fair value estimates by the Adviser under guidelines established by the Board of Trustees. Foreign securities, currencies and other assets denominated in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. Dollars at the exchange rate of such currencies against the U.S. Dollar, as provided by an independent pricing service or reporting agency. Each Fund also relies on a pricing service in circumstances where the U.S. securities markets exceed a pre-determined threshold to value foreign securities held in the Fund’s

 

 

36


portfolio. The pricing service, its methodology or the threshold may change from time to time. Debt obligations with maturities of 60 days or less are valued at amortized cost.

Fair Value Pricing. Securities are priced at a fair value as determined by the Adviser, under the oversight of the Board of Trustees, when reliable market quotations are not readily available, the Funds’ pricing service does not provide a valuation for such securities, the Funds’ pricing service provides a valuation that in the judgment of the Adviser does not represent fair value, the Adviser believes that the market price is stale, or an event that affects the value of an instrument (a “Significant Event”) has occurred since closing prices were established, but before the time as of which the Funds calculate their NAVs. Examples of Significant Events may include: (1) events that relate to a single issuer or to an entire market sector; (2) significant fluctuations in domestic or foreign markets; or (3) occurrences not tied directly to the securities markets, such as natural disasters, armed conflicts, or significant government actions. If such Significant Events occur, the Funds may value the instruments at fair value, taking into account such events when it calculates each Fund’s NAV. Fair value determinations are made in good faith in accordance with procedures adopted by the Board of Trustees. In addition, the Funds may also fair value an instrument if trading in a particular instrument is halted and does not resume prior to the closing of the exchange or other market.

Attempts to determine the fair value of securities introduce an element of subjectivity to the pricing of securities. As a result, the price of a security determined through fair valuation techniques may differ from the price quoted or published by other sources and may not accurately reflect the market value of the security when trading resumes. If a reliable market quotation becomes available for a security formerly valued through fair valuation techniques, Rafferty compares the market quotation to the fair value price to evaluate the effectiveness of the Funds’ fair valuation procedures and will use that market value in the next calculation of NAV.

Rule 12b-1 Fees

The Board of Trustees of the Trust has adopted a Distribution and Service Plan (the “Plan”) pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act. In accordance with the Plan, each Fund is authorized to pay an amount up to 0.25% of its average daily net assets each year for certain distribution-related activities and shareholder services.

No 12b-1 fees are currently paid by any Fund, and there are no plans to impose these fees. However, in the event 12b-1 fees are charged in the future, because the fees are paid out of each Fund’s assets, over time these fees will increase the cost of your investment and may cost you more than certain other types of sales charges.

SHORT-TERM TRADING

Rafferty expects a significant portion of the Funds’ assets to come from professional money managers and investors who use the Funds as part of “asset allocation” and “market timing” investment strategies. These strategies often call for frequent trading to take advantage of anticipated changes in market conditions. Frequent trading of Shares could increase the rate of creations and redemptions of Shares and the Funds’ portfolio turnover, which could involve correspondingly adverse tax consequences to a Fund’s shareholders. Although the Funds reserve the right to reject any purchase orders or suspend the offering of Shares, the Funds do not currently impose any trading restrictions on frequent trading nor actively monitor for trading abuses.

CREATIONS, REDEMPTIONS AND TRANSACTION FEES

Creation Units. Investors such as market makers, large investors and institutions who wish to deal in Creation Units directly with a Fund must have entered into an authorized participant agreement with the principal underwriter and the transfer agent, or purchase through a dealer that has entered into such an agreement. These investors are known as “Authorized Participants.” Set forth below is a brief description of the procedures applicable to the purchase and redemption of Creation Units.

Purchase of the Bull Fund. To purchase Creation Units directly from the Bull Fund, you must deposit with the Fund a basket of securities and/or cash. Each Business Day, prior to the opening of trading on the Exchange, an agent of the Fund (“Index Receipt Agent”) will make available through the NSCC a list of the names and number of shares of each security, if any, to be included in that day’s creation basket (“Deposit Securities”). The identity and number of shares of the Deposit Securities required for a Creation Unit will change from time to time. The Bull Fund reserves the right to permit or require the substitution of an amount of cash—i.e., a “cash in lieu” amount—to be added to the Balancing Amount (defined below) to replace any Deposit Security that may not be available in sufficient quantity for delivery, eligible for transfer through the clearing process (discussed below) or the Federal Reserve System or eligible for trading by an Authorized Participant or the investor for which it is acting. For such custom orders, “cash in lieu” may be added to the Balancing Amount (defined below). The Balancing Amount and any “cash in lieu” must be paid to the Trust on or before the third Business Day following the Transmittal Date. You must also pay a Transaction Fee, described below, in cash.

In addition to the in-kind deposit of securities, Authorized Participants will either pay to, or receive from, the Bull Fund an amount of cash referred to as the “Balancing Amount.” The Balancing Amount is the amount equal to the differential, if any, between the market value of the Deposit Securities and the NAV of a Creation Unit. The Bull Fund will publish, on a daily basis, information about

 

 

37


the previous day’s Balancing Amount. The Balancing Amount may, at times, represent a significant portion of the aggregate purchase price (or, in the case of redemptions, the redemption proceeds). This is because the mark-to-market value of the financial instruments held by the Bull Funds will be included in the Balancing Amount (not in the Deposit Basket or Redemption Basket). The Balancing Amount for the Bull Fund may fluctuate significantly due to the leveraged nature of the Bull Fund.

All purchase orders for Creation Units must be placed by or through an Authorized Participant. Purchase orders will be processed either through a manual clearing process run at the DTC (“Manual Clearing Process”) or through an enhanced clearing process (“Enhanced Clearing Process”) that is available only to those DTC participants that also are participants in the Continuous Net Settlement System of the National Securities Clearing Corporation (“NSCC”). Authorized Participants that do not use the Enhanced Clearing Process will be charged a higher Transaction Fee (discussed below). A purchase order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Participant Agreement, in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day.

Shares may be issued in advance of receipt of Deposit Securities subject to various conditions including a requirement to maintain on deposit with the Trust cash in an amount up to 115% of the market value of the missing Deposit Securities. Any such transaction effected with the Trust must be effected using the Manual Clearing Process consistent with the terms of the Authorized Participant Agreement.

Purchase of the Bear Fund. The Bear Fund only accepts cash to purchase Creation Units. The purchaser must transfer cash in an amount equal to the value of the Creation Unit(s) purchased and the applicable Transaction Fee. All purchase orders will be processed through the Manual Clearing Process. The Trust will deliver Shares of the Bear Fund upon payment of cash to the Trust on or before the third Business Day following the Transmittal Date consistent with the terms of the Authorized Participant Agreement.

Redemption from the Bull Fund. Redemption proceeds will be paid either in cash or in-kind with a basket of securities (“Redemption Securities”). In most cases, Redemption Securities will be the same as Deposit Securities on a given day. There will be times, however, when the Deposit and Redemption Securities differ. The composition of the Redemption Securities will be available through the NSCC. The Bull Fund reserves the right to honor a redemption request with a non-conforming redemption basket.

If the value of a Creation Unit is higher than the value of the Redemption Securities, you will receive from the Bull

Fund a Balancing Amount in cash. If the value of a Creation Unit is lower than the value of the Redemption Securities, you will be required to pay to the Bull Fund a Balancing Amount in cash. If you are receiving a Balancing Amount, the amount due will be reduced by the amount of the applicable Transaction Fee.

As with purchases, redemptions may be processed either through the Manual Clearing Process or the Enhanced Clearing Process. A redemption order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Participant Agreement, in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day.

An investor may request a redemption in cash, which the Bull Fund may in its sole discretion permit. Investors that elect to receive cash in lieu of one or more of the Redemption Securities are subject to an additional charge. Redemptions of Creation Units for cash (when available) and/or outside of the Enhanced Clearing Process also require the payment of an additional charge.

Redemption from the Bear Fund. Redemption proceeds will be paid in cash. As with purchases, redemptions may be processed either through the Manual Clearing Process or the Enhanced Clearing Process. A redemption order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Participant Agreement in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day.

Transaction Fees on Creation and Redemption Transactions. Each Fund will impose Transaction Fees to offset transfer and other transaction costs associated with the issuance and redemption of Creation Units. There is a fixed and a variable component to the total Transaction Fee on transactions in Creation Units. A fixed Transaction Fee is applicable to each creation and redemption transaction, regardless of the number of Creation Units transacted. A variable Transaction Fee based upon the value of each Creation Unit also is applicable to each redemption transaction. Purchasers and redeemers of Creation Units of a Fund effected through the Manual Clearing Process are required to pay an additional charge to compensate for brokerage and other expenses. In addition, purchasers of Creation Units are responsible for payment of the costs of transferring the Deposit Securities to the Trust. However, in no instance will the fees charged exceed 2% of the value of the Creation Units subject to the transaction. Redeemers of Creation Units are responsible for the costs of transferring securities from the Trust. Investors who use the services of a broker or other such intermediary may pay additional fees for such services. In addition, Rafferty may, from time to time, at its own

 

 

38


expense, compensate purchasers of Creation Units who have purchased substantial amounts of Creation Units and other financial institutions for administrative or marketing services.

The table below summarizes the components of the Transaction Fees.

 
Direxion Shares ETF Trust    Fixed Transaction Fee   

Maximum Additional

Charge for

Purchases and

Redemptions*

   In-Kind    Cash   
  

NSCC  

 

   Outside NSCC    Outside NSCC     

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares

 

   $250     Up to 300% of NSCC Amount      $250    Up to 0.15%

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares

 

   N/A     N/A    $250    Up to 0.15%

* As a percentage of the amount invested.

MANAGEMENT OF THE FUNDS

Rafferty provides investment management services to the Funds. Rafferty has been managing investment companies since 1997. Rafferty is located at 1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor, New York, New York 10019. As of June 30, 2015 the Adviser had approximately $9.94 billion in assets under management.

Under an investment advisory agreement between the Trust and Rafferty, the Funds pay Rafferty fees at an annualized rate of 0.75% based on a percentage of each Fund’s average daily net assets.

A discussion regarding the basis on which the Board of Trustees approved the investment advisory agreements for the Funds will be available in the Trust’s Annual Report to shareholders for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2015.

Rafferty has entered into an Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with each Fund. Under this Operating Expense Limitation Agreement, Rafferty has contractually agreed to cap all or a portion of its management fee and/or reimburse each Fund for Other Expenses through September 1, 2017, to the extent that each Fund’s Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses exceed 0.95% of the Fund’s daily net assets (excluding, as applicable, among other expenses, taxes, leverage interest, Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses, dividends or interest on short positions, other interest expenses, brokerage commissions, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization and extraordinary expenses such as litigation). Any expense cap is subject to reimbursement by a Fund within the following three years only if overall expenses fall below these percentage limitations. Solely at Rafferty’s option and discretion, Rafferty may pay, reimburse or otherwise assume one or more of the excluded expenses, in which case such expense will be subject to reimbursement by Rafferty in accordance with the Operating Expense Limitation Agreement. This agreement may be terminated or revised at any time with the consent of the Board of Trustees.

Paul Brigandi and Tony Ng are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Funds. An investment trading team of Rafferty employees assists Mr. Brigandi and Mr. Ng in the day-to-day management of the Funds subject to their primary responsibility and oversight. The Portfolio Managers work with the investment trading team to decide the target allocation of each Fund’s investments and on a day-to-day basis, an individual portfolio trader executes transactions for the Funds consistent with the target allocation. The members of the investment trading team rotate among the various series of the Trust, including the Funds, periodically so that no single individual is assigned to a specific Fund for extended periods of time.

Mr. Brigandi has been a Portfolio Manager at Rafferty since June 2004. Mr. Brigandi was previously involved in the equity trading training program for Fleet Boston Financial Corporation from August 2002 to April 2004. Mr. Brigandi is a 2002 graduate of Fordham University.

Mr. Ng has been a Portfolio Manager at Rafferty since April 2006. Mr. Ng was previously a Team Leader in the Trading Assistant Group with Goldman Sachs from 2004 to 2006. He was employed with Deutsche Asset Management from 1998 to 2004. Mr. Ng graduated from State University at Buffalo in 1998.

The Funds’ Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) provides additional information about the investment team members’ compensation, other accounts they manage and their ownership of securities in the Funds.

 

39


PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS

A description of the Funds’ policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Funds’ portfolio securities is available in the Funds’ SAI.

OTHER SERVICE PROVIDERS

Foreside Fund Services, LLC (“Distributor”) serves as the Funds’ distributor. U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC serves as the Funds’ administrator. Bank of New York Mellon (“BNYM”) serves as the Funds’ transfer agent, fund accountant, custodian and index receipt agent. The Distributor is not affiliated with Rafferty or BNYM.

DISTRIBUTIONS

Fund Distributions. Each Fund pays out dividends from its net investment income, and distributes any net capital gains, if any, to its shareholders at least annually. Each Fund is authorized to declare and pay capital gain distributions in additional Shares or in cash. The Funds may have extremely high portfolio turnover, which may cause them to generate significant amounts of taxable income. The Funds will generally need to distribute net short-term capital gain to satisfy certain tax requirements. As a result of the Funds’ high portfolio turnover, they could need to make larger and/or more frequent distributions than traditional unleveraged ETFs.

Dividend Reinvestment Service. Brokers may make the DTC book-entry dividend reinvestment service (“Reinvestment Service”) available to their customers who are shareholders of a Fund. If the Reinvestment Service is used with respect to a Fund, its distributions of both net income and capital gains will automatically be reinvested in additional and fractional Shares thereof purchased in the secondary market. Without the Reinvestment Service, investors will receive Fund distributions in cash, except as noted above under “Fund Distributions.” To determine whether the Reinvestment Service is available and whether there is a commission or other charge for using the service, consult your broker. Fund shareholders should be aware that brokers may require them to adhere to specific procedures and timetables to use the Reinvestment Service.

TAXES

As with any investment, you should consider the tax consequences of buying, holding, and disposing of Shares. The tax information in this Prospectus is only a general summary of some important federal tax considerations generally affecting the Funds and their shareholders. No attempt is made to present a complete explanation of the federal tax treatment of the Funds’ activities, and this discussion is not intended as a substitute for careful tax planning. Accordingly, potential investors are urged to consult their own tax advisers for more detailed information and for information regarding any state, local, or foreign taxes applicable to the Funds and to an investment in Shares.

Fund distributions to you and your sale of your Shares will have tax consequences to you unless you hold your Shares through a tax-exempt entity or tax-deferred retirement arrangement, such as an individual retirement account (“IRA”) or 401(k) plan.

Each Fund intends to qualify each taxable year for taxation as a “regulated investment company.” If a Fund so qualifies and satisfies certain distribution requirements, the Fund will not be subject to federal income tax on income that is distributed in a timely manner to its shareholders in the form of income dividends or capital gain distributions.

Taxes on Distributions. Dividends from a Fund’s investment company taxable income – generally, the sum of net investment income, the excess of net short-term capital gain over net long-term capital loss, and net gains and losses from certain foreign currency transactions, if any, all determined without regard to any deduction for dividends paid – will be taxable to you as ordinary income to the extent of its earnings and profits, whether they are paid in cash or reinvested in additional Shares. However, dividends a Fund pays to you that are attributable to its “qualified dividend income” (i.e., dividends it receives on stock of most domestic and certain foreign corporations with respect to which it satisfies certain holding period and other restrictions) generally will be taxed to you, if you are an individual, trust, or estate and satisfy those restrictions with respect to your Shares, for federal income tax purposes, at the rates of 15% or 20% for such shareholders with taxable income exceeding certain thresholds (which will be indexed for inflation annually). A portion of a Fund’s dividends also may be eligible for the dividends-received deduction allowed to corporations – the eligible portion may not exceed the aggregate dividends the Fund receives from domestic corporations subject to federal income tax (excluding real estate investment trusts) and excludes dividends from foreign corporations – subject to similar restrictions; however, dividends a corporate shareholder deducts pursuant to that deduction are subject indirectly to the federal alternative minimum tax. None of the Funds expect to earn a significant amount of income that would qualify for those maximum rates or that deduction.

 

40


Distributions of a Fund’s net capital gain (which is the excess of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss) that it recognizes on sales or exchanges of capital assets (“capital gain distributions”), if any, will be taxable to you as long-term capital gains, at the maximum rates mentioned above if you are an individual, trust, or estate, regardless of your holding period for the Shares on which the distributions are paid and regardless of whether they are paid in cash or reinvested in additional Shares. A Fund’s capital gain distributions may vary considerably from one year to the next as a result of its investment activities and cash flows and the performance of the markets in which it invests. None of the Funds expect to earn a significant amount of net capital gain.

Distributions in excess of a Fund’s current and accumulated earnings and profits, if any, first will reduce your adjusted tax basis in your Shares in that Fund and, after that basis is reduced to zero, will constitute capital gain. That capital gain will be long-term capital gain, and thus will be taxed at the maximum rates mentioned above if you are an individual, trust, or estate if the distributions are attributable to Shares you held for more than one year.

Investors should be aware that the price of Shares at any time may reflect the amount of a forthcoming dividend or capital gain distribution, so if they purchase Shares shortly before the record date therefor, they will pay full price for the Shares and receive some part of the purchase price back as a taxable distribution even though it represents a partial return of invested capital.

In general, distributions are subject to federal income tax for the year when they are paid. However, certain distributions paid in January may be treated as paid on December 31 of the prior year.

Because of high portfolio turnover, the Funds may generate significant amounts of taxable income. Accordingly, the Funds may need to make larger and/or more frequent distributions than traditional unleveraged ETFs. A substantial portion of that income typically will be short-term capital gain, which will generally be treated as ordinary income when distributed to shareholders.

Fund distributions to tax-deferred or qualified plans, such as an IRA, retirement plan or pension plan, generally will not be taxable. However, distributions from such plans will be taxable to the individual participant notwithstanding the character of the income earned by the qualified plan. Please consult a tax adviser for a more complete explanation of the federal, state, local and foreign tax consequences of investing in a Fund through such a plan.

Taxes When Shares are Sold. Generally, you will recognize taxable gain or loss if you sell or otherwise dispose of your Shares. Any gain arising from such a disposition generally will be treated as long-term capital gain if you held the Shares for more than one year, taxable at the maximum rates (15%/20%) mentioned above if you are an individual, trust, or estate; otherwise, the gain will be treated as short-term capital gain. However, any capital loss arising from the disposition of Shares held for six months or less will be treated as long-term capital loss to the extent of capital gain distributions, if any, received with respect to those Shares. In addition, all or a portion of any loss recognized on a sale or exchange of Shares of a Fund will be disallowed to the extent other Shares of the same Fund are purchased (whether through reinvestment of distributions or otherwise) within a period of 61 days beginning 30 days before and ending 30 days after the date of the sale or exchange; in that event, the basis in the newly purchased Shares will be adjusted to reflect the disallowed loss.

Holders of Creation Units. A person who purchases Shares of the Bull Fund by exchanging securities for a Creation Unit generally will recognize capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the market value of the Creation Unit and the person’s aggregate basis in the exchanged securities, adjusted for any Balancing Amount paid or received. A shareholder who redeems a Creation Unit generally will recognize gain or loss to the same extent and in the same manner as described in the immediately preceding paragraph.

Miscellaneous. Backup Withholding. A Fund must withhold and remit to the U.S. Treasury 28% of dividends and capital gain distributions otherwise payable to any individual or certain other non-corporate shareholder who fails to certify that the social security or other taxpayer identification number furnished to the Fund is correct or who furnishes an incorrect number (together with the withholding described in the next sentence, “backup withholding”). Withholding at that rate also is required from a Fund’s dividends and capital gain distributions otherwise payable to such a shareholder who is subject to backup withholding for any other reason. Backup withholding is not an additional tax, and any amounts so withheld may be credited against a shareholder’s federal income tax liability or refunded.

Additional Tax. An individual must pay a 3.8% federal tax on the lesser of (1) the individual’s “net investment income,” which generally includes dividends, interest, and net gains from the disposition of investment property (including dividends and capital gain distributions a Fund pays and net gains realized on the sale or redemption of Shares), or (2) the excess of the individual’s “modified adjusted gross income” over a threshold amount ($250,000 for married persons filing jointly and $200,000 for single taxpayers). This tax is in addition to any other taxes due on that income. A similar tax will apply for those

 

41


years to estates and trusts. Shareholders should consult their own tax advisers regarding the effect, if any, this provision may have on their investment in Fund shares.

Basis Determination. A shareholder who wants to use the average basis method for determining basis in Shares he or she acquires after December 31, 2011 (“Covered Shares”), must elect to do so in writing (which may be electronic) with the broker through which he or she purchased the Shares. A shareholder who wishes to use a different IRS-acceptable method for basis determination (e.g., a specific identification method) may elect to do so. Fund shareholders are urged to consult with their brokers regarding the application of the basis determination rules to them.

You may also be subject to state and local taxes on Fund distributions and dispositions of Shares.

Non-U.S. Shareholders. “A “non-U.S. shareholder” is an investor that, for federal tax purposes, is a nonresident alien individual, a foreign corporation or a foreign estate or trust. Except where discussed otherwise, the following disclosure assumes that a non-U.S. shareholder’s ownership of Shares is not effectively connected with a trade or business conducted by such non-U.S. shareholder in the United States and does not address non-U.S. shareholders who are present in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year. The tax consequences to a non-U.S. shareholder entitled to claim the benefits of an applicable tax treaty may be different from those described herein. Non-U.S. shareholders should consult their tax advisers with respect to the particular tax consequences to them of an investment in a Fund.

Withholding. Dividends paid by a Fund to non-U.S. shareholders will be subject to withholding tax at a 30% rate or a reduced rate specified by an applicable income tax treaty to the extent derived from investment income (other than “qualified interest income” or “qualified short-term capital gains,” as described below). In order to obtain a reduced rate of withholding, a non-U.S. shareholder will be required to provide an IRS Form W-8BEN (or substitute form) certifying its entitlement to benefits under a treaty. The withholding tax does not apply to regular dividends paid to a non-U.S. shareholder who provides an IRS Form W-8ECI, certifying that the dividends are effectively connected with the non-U.S. shareholder’s conduct of a trade or business within the United States. Instead, the effectively connected dividends will be subject to regular U.S. income tax as if the non-U.S. shareholder were a U.S. shareholder. A non-U.S. corporation’s earnings and profits attributable to such dividends may also be subject to additional “branch profits tax” imposed at a rate of 30% (or lower treaty rate).

A non-U.S. shareholder who fails to provide an IRS Form W-8BEN or other applicable form may be subject to backup withholding at the appropriate rate. See the discussion of backup withholding under “Miscellaneous” above.

Exemptions from Withholding. In general, federal income tax will not apply to gain realized on the sale or other disposition of Shares or to any Fund distributions reported as capital gain dividends, short-term capital gain dividends, or interest-related dividends.

The exemption for short-term capital gain dividends and interest-related dividends applies only with respect to dividends with respect to a Fund’s current taxable year ending on or before October 31, 2015. “Short-term capital gain dividends” are dividends that are attributable to “qualified short-term gain” a Fund realizes (generally, the excess of a Fund’s net short-term capital gain over long-term capital loss for a taxable year, computed with certain adjustments). “Interest-related dividends” are dividends that are attributable to “qualified net interest income” from U.S. sources. Depending on its circumstances, a Fund may report all, some or none of its potentially eligible dividends as short-term capital gain dividends and interest-related dividends and/or treat such dividends, in whole or in part, as ineligible for this exemption from withholding. To qualify for the exemption, a non-U.S. shareholder will need to comply with applicable certification requirements relating to its non-U.S. status (including, in general, furnishing an IRS Form W-8BEN or substitute form). In the case of shares held through an intermediary, the intermediary may withhold even if a Fund designates the payment as a short-term capital gain dividend or an interest-related dividend. Non-U.S. shareholders should contact their intermediaries with respect to the application of these rules to their accounts.

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (“FATCA”). Under FATCA, “foreign financial institutions” (“FFIs”) or “non-financial foreign entities” (“NFFEs”) that are Fund shareholders may be subject to a generally nonrefundable 30% withholding tax on (1) income dividends, and (2) certain capital gain distributions and the proceeds of a redemption of Shares a Fund pays after December 31, 2016. As discussed more fully in the Funds’ Statement of Additional Information under “Taxes,” the FATCA withholding tax generally can be avoided (a) by an FFI, if it reports certain information regarding direct and indirect ownership of financial accounts U.S. persons hold with the FFI and (b) by an NFFE, if it certifies its status as such and, in certain circumstances, that (i) it has no substantial U.S. persons as owners or (ii) it does have such owners and reports information relating to them to the withholding agent. The U.S. Treasury has negotiated intergovernmental agreements (“IGAs”) with certain countries and is in various stages of negotiations with other foreign countries with respect to one or more alternative approaches to implement FATCA; entities in those countries may be required to comply with the terms of the IGA instead of

 

42


Treasury regulations. Non-U.S. shareholders should consult their own tax advisers regarding the application of these requirements to their own situation and the impact thereof on their investment in a Fund.

More information about taxes is in the Funds’ SAI.

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

No financial information is available for the Funds because they had not commenced operations prior to the date of this Prospectus.

 

43


LOGO

PROSPECTUS

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor        New York, New York 10019        866-476-7523

MORE INFORMATION ON THE DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”):

The Funds’ SAI contains more information on the Funds and their investment policies. The SAI is incorporated in this Prospectus by reference (meaning it is legally part of this Prospectus). A current SAI is on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Annual and Semi-Annual Reports to Shareholders:

The Funds’ reports will provide additional information on the Funds’ investment holdings, performance data and a letter discussing the market conditions and investment strategies that significantly affected the Funds’ performance during that period.

To Obtain the SAI or Fund Reports Free of Charge:

 

Write to:

  

Direxion Shares ETF Trust

  

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor

  

New York, New York 10019

Call:

  

866-476-7523

By Internet:

  

www.direxioninvestments.com

These documents and other information about the Funds can be reviewed and copied at the SEC Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at (202) 551-8090. Reports and other information about the Funds may be viewed on screen or downloaded from the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of these documents may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549-0102.

SEC File Number: 811-22201


DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor     New York, New York 10019     866-476-7523

www.direxioninvestments.com

The Direxion Shares ETF Trust (“Trust”) is an investment company that offers shares of a variety of exchange-traded funds (each a “Fund” and collectively the “Funds”) to the public. The shares of the Funds (“Shares”) offered in this Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”), upon commencement of operations, will trade on the NYSE Arca, Inc. This SAI relates to the Funds listed below.

 

   
2X BULL FUND    2X BEAR FUND
   

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares

 

  

Direxion Daily Homebuilder & Supplies Bear 2X Shares

 

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results and are intended to be used as short-term trading vehicles. The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares (the “Bull Fund”) attempts to provide investment results that correlate positively to the S&P Homebuilders Select Industry Index (the “Index”). The Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares (the “Bear Fund”) attempts to provide investment results that correlate negatively to the return of the Index.

The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The Funds are very different from most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds. Investors should note that:

 

(1)

The Funds pursue daily leveraged investment objectives, which means that the Funds are riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because the Funds magnify the performance of the Index.

 

(2)

The Bear Fund pursues a daily leveraged investment objective that is inverse to the performance of the Index, a result opposite of most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.

 

(3)

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results. The pursuit of these investment objectives means that the return of a Fund for a period longer than a full trading day will be the product of the series of daily leveraged returns for each trading day during the relevant period. As a consequence, especially in periods of market volatility, the volatility of the Index may affect a Fund’s return as much or more than the return of the Index. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of a Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective and the performance of the Index for the full trading day.

The Funds are not suitable for all investors. The Funds are designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Such investors are expected to monitor and manage their portfolios frequently. Investors in the Funds should:

(a) understand the risks associated with the use of leverage,

(b) understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results,

(c) for the Bear Fund, understand the risk of shorting, and

(d) intend to actively monitor and manage their investments.

Investors who do not understand the Funds or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments should not buy the Funds.

There is no assurance that any Fund will achieve its investment objective and an investment in a Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

If the Index moves more than 50% on a given trading day in a direction adverse to the Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money. The Funds’ investment adviser, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or “Adviser”), will attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not lose more than 90% of its net asset value on a given trading day. The cost of such downside protection will be limitations on a Fund’s gains. As a consequence, a Fund’s portfolio may not be responsive to Index movements beyond 45% on a given trading day whether that movement is favorable or adverse to the Fund. For example, if the Index was to gain 50%, a Fund might


be limited to a daily gain of 90%, which corresponds to 200% of the Index gain of 45%, rather than 200% of the Index gain of 50%.

This SAI, dated August 14, 2015, is not a prospectus. It should be read in conjunction with the Funds’ prospectus dated August 14, 2015 (“Prospectus”). This SAI is incorporated by reference into the Prospectus. In other words, it is legally part of the Prospectus. To receive a copy of the Prospectus, without charge, write or call the Trust at the address or telephone number listed above.

August 14, 2015


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

THE DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

     1   

CLASSIFICATION OF THE FUNDS

     2   

EXCHANGE LISTING AND TRADING

     2   

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND TECHNIQUES

     3   

Asset-Backed Securities

     3   

Bank Obligations

     4   

Caps, Floors and Collars

     4   

Corporate Debt Securities

     4   

Cybersecurity Risk

     5   

Depositary Receipts

     6   

Equity Securities

     6   

Foreign Securities

     7   

Hybrid Instruments

     7   

Illiquid Investments and Restricted Securities

     7   

Indexed Securities

     8   

Inflation Protected Securities

     8   

Interest Rate Swaps

     9   

Junk Bonds

     9   

Mortgage-Backed Securities

     10   

Municipal Obligations

     11   

Options, Futures and Other Derivative Strategies

     11   

Other Investment Companies

     16   

Payment-In-Kind Securities and Strips

     18   

Real Estate Companies

     18   

Real Estate Investment Trusts

     18   

Repurchase Agreements

     18   

Reverse Repurchase Agreements

     19   

Short Sales

     19   

Swap Agreements

     19   

Unrated Debt Securities

     20   

U.S. Government Securities

     20   

U.S. Government Sponsored Enterprises (“GSEs”)

     22   

When-Issued Securities

     22   

Zero-Coupon Securities

     22   

Other Investment Risks and Practices

     23   

Correlation and Tracking Risk

     24   

Leverage

     24   

INVESTMENT RESTRICTIONS

     26   

PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS AND BROKERAGE

     27   

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS INFORMATION

     28   

MANAGEMENT OF THE TRUST

     28   

The Board of Trustees

     28   

Risk Oversight

     29   

Board Structure and Related Matters

     29   

Interested Trustees

     30   

Independent Trustees

     31   

Board Committees

     32   

Principal Officers of the Trust

     33   

Principal Shareholders, Control Persons and Management Ownership

     36   

Investment Adviser

     36   

Portfolio Managers

     37   

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

     37   

 

i


Fund Administrator, Fund Accounting Agent, Transfer Agent and Custodian

     38   

Distributor

     38   

Distribution Plan

     39   

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     39   

Legal Counsel

     39   

DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE

     39   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONCERNING SHARES

     41   

Organization and Description of Shares of Beneficial Interest

     41   

Book Entry Only System

     41   

PURCHASES AND REDEMPTIONS

     42   

Purchase and Issuance of Creation Units

     43   

Purchases through the Clearing Process (Bull Fund)

     43   

Purchases Through the Manual Clearing Process

     44   

Rejection of Purchase Orders

     45   

Redemption of Creation Units

     45   

Placement of Redemption Orders Using Enhanced Clearing Process (Bull Fund)

     45   

Placement of Redemption Orders Outside Clearing Process (Bull Fund and Bear Fund)

     45   

Regular Foreign Holidays

     46   

Redemption

     49   

Transaction Fees

     50   

Continuous Offering

     50   

DIVIDENDS, OTHER DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

     50   

Dividends and other Distributions

     50   

Taxes

     51   

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

     55   

APPENDIX A: DESCRIPTION OF CORPORATE BOND RATINGS

     A-1   

APPENDIX B: PROXY VOTING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

     B-1   

 

ii


THE DIREXION SHARES ETF TRUST

The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust organized on April 23, 2008 and is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as an open-end management investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“1940 Act”). The Trust currently consists of 121 separate series or “Funds.”

The Funds seek to provide daily leveraged investment results, before fees and expenses, which correspond to the performance of the Index. The Bull Fund attempts to provide investment results that correlate positively to the Index. The Bear Fund attempts to provide investment results that correlate negatively to the return of the Index.

The correlations sought by the Bull Fund and the Bear Fund are a multiple of the returns of the Index. The Funds seek a multiple of 200% of the returns of the Index. For example, the investment objective for the Bull Fund is 200% of the daily total return of the performance of the Index, while the investment objective for the Bear Fund is 200% of the inverse, or opposite, of the daily total return of the performance of the Index. If, on a given day, the Index gains 1%, the Bull Fund is designed to gain approximately 2% (which is equal to 200% of the 1% Index gain), while the Bear Fund is designed to lose approximately 2%. Conversely, if the Index loses 1% on a given day, the Bull Fund is designed to lose approximately 2%, while the Bear Fund is designed to gain approximately 2% (which is equal to -200% of the 1% Index loss).

Each Fund issues and redeems Shares only in large blocks of Shares called “Creation Units.” Most investors will buy and sell Shares of each Fund in secondary market transactions through brokers. Shares of certain of the Funds are listed for trading on the secondary market on the NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”). Shares can be bought and sold throughout the trading day like other publicly traded shares. There is no minimum investment. Although Shares are generally purchased and sold in “round lots” of 100 Shares, brokerage firms typically permit investors to purchase or sell Shares in smaller “odd lots,” at no per-share price differential. Investors may acquire Shares directly from each Fund, and shareholders may tender their Shares for redemption directly to each Fund, only in Creation Units of 50,000 Shares, as discussed in the “Purchases and Redemptions” section below.

The Funds offered in this SAI, upon commencement of operations, will trade on the Exchange.

The Funds seek daily leveraged investment results and are intended to be used as short-term trading vehicles. The Funds are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. The Funds are very different from most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.

 

(1)

Each Fund pursues a daily leveraged investment objectives, which means that the Funds are riskier than alternatives that do not use leverage because each Fund magnifies the performance of the Index.

 

(2)

The Bear Fund pursues a daily leveraged investment objective that is inverse to the performance of the Index, a result opposite of most mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.

 

(3)

Each Fund seeks daily leveraged investment results. The pursuit of these daily leveraged investment objectives means that the return of a Fund for a period longer than a full trading day will be the product of the series of daily leveraged returns for each trading day during the relevant period. As a consequence, especially in periods of market volatility, the path of the Index during the longer period may be at least as important to a Fund’s return for the longer period as the cumulative return of the Index for the relevant longer period. Further, the return for investors that invest for periods less than a full trading day or for a period different than a trading day will not be the product of the return of a Fund’s stated daily leveraged investment objective and the performance of the Index for the full trading day. The Funds are not suitable for all investors.

The Funds are designed to be utilized only by sophisticated investors, such as traders and active investors employing dynamic strategies. Such investors are expected to monitor and manage their portfolios frequently. Investors in the Funds should:

 

(a)

understand the risks associated with the use of leverage,

 

(b)

understand the consequences of seeking daily leveraged investment results,

 

(c)

for the Bear Fund, understand the risk of shorting, and

 

1


(d)

intend to actively monitor and manage their investments.

Investors who do not understand the Funds or do not intend to actively manage their funds and monitor their investments should not buy the Funds. There is no assurance that any of the Funds offered in this SAI will achieve their objectives and an investment in a Fund could lose money. No single Fund is a complete investment program.

If the Index moves more than 50% on a given trading day in a direction adverse to a Fund, the Fund’s investors would lose all of their money. The Fund’s investment adviser, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC (“Rafferty” or “Adviser”), will attempt to position each Fund’s portfolio to ensure that a Fund does not lose more than 90% of its net asset value on a given trading day. The cost of such downside protection will be limitations on a Fund’s gains. As a consequence, a Fund’s portfolio may not be responsive to the Index movements beyond 45% on a given trading day whether that movement is favorable or adverse to the Fund. For example, if the Index was to gain 50%, the Bull Fund might be limited to a daily gain of 90%, which corresponds to 200% of an index gain of 45%, rather than 200% of an index gain of 50%.

CLASSIFICATION OF THE FUNDS

Each Fund is a “non-diversified” series of the Trust pursuant to the 1940 Act. A Fund is considered “non-diversified” because a relatively high percentage of its assets may be invested in the securities of a limited number of issuers. To the extent that a Fund assumes large positions in the securities of a small number of issuers, the Fund’s net asset value (“NAV”) may fluctuate to a greater extent than that of a diversified company as a result of changes in the financial condition or in the market’s assessment of the issuers, and the Fund may be more susceptible to any single economic, political or regulatory occurrence than a diversified company.

Each Fund intends to meet certain tax-related diversification standards at the end of each quarter of its taxable year.

EXCHANGE LISTING AND TRADING

Shares of the Funds, upon commencement of operations, will be listed on the Exchange and may trade at prices that differ to some degree from their NAV. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of Shares of each Fund will continue to be met. The Exchange may, but is not required to, remove the Shares of a Fund from listing if (i) following the initial 12-month period beginning at the commencement of trading of a Fund, there are fewer than 50 beneficial owners of the Shares of the Fund for 30 or more consecutive trading days; (ii) the value of the Index is no longer calculated or available; or (iii) such other event shall occur or condition exist that, in the opinion of the Exchange, makes further dealings on the Exchange inadvisable. The Exchange will remove the Shares of a Fund from listing and trading upon termination of such Fund.

As is the case of other stocks traded on the Exchange, brokers’ commissions on transactions will be based on negotiated commission rates at customary levels. The Trust reserves the right to adjust the price levels of the Shares in the future to help maintain convenient trading ranges for investors. Any adjustments would be accomplished through stock splits or reverse stock splits, which would have no effect on the net assets of a Fund.

The trading prices of each Fund’s shares in the secondary market generally differ from each Fund’s daily NAV per share and are affected by market forces such as supply and demand, economic conditions and other factors. Rafferty may, from time to time, make payments to certain market makers in the Trust’s shares. Information regarding the intraday value of shares of each Fund, also known as the “intraday indicative value” (“IIV”), is disseminated every 15 seconds throughout the trading day by the national securities exchange on which a Fund is listed or by market data vendors or other information providers. The IIV is based on the current market value of the securities and cash required to be deposited in exchange for a Creation Unit. The IIV does not necessarily reflect the precise composition of the current portfolio of securities held by a Fund as a particular point in time, nor the best possible valuation of the current portfolio. Therefore, the IIV should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the NAV, which is computed only once a day. The IIV is generally determined by using both current market quotations and/or price quotations obtained from broker-dealers that may trade in the portfolio securities held by the Funds. The quotations of certain Fund holdings may not be updated during U.S. trading hours is such holdings do not trade in

 

2


the U.S. The Funds are not involved in, nor responsible for, the calculation or dissemination of the IIV and make no representations or warranty as to its accuracy.

INVESTMENT POLICIES AND TECHNIQUES

The Bull Fund generally invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes) in the securities of the Index and/or: swap agreements; futures contracts; options on securities, indices and futures contracts; equity caps, collars and floors; forward contracts; reverse repurchase agreements; and other financial instruments (collectively, “Financial Instruments”).

The Bear Fund generally invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus any borrowings for investment purposes) in short positions and Financial Instruments, and the remainder in money market funds or short-term debt that has terms-to-maturity of less than 397 days and exhibits high quality credit profiles, including U.S. government securities and repurchase agreements (collectively, “Money Market Instruments”). In particular, each Fund seeks investment results as compared to the Index as follows:

 

       
Fund    Underlying Index          Daily
Leveraged
Investment
Objective

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bull 2X Shares

       S&P Homebuilders Select     Industry Index         200%

Direxion Daily Homebuilders & Supplies Bear 2X Shares

         -200%

With the exception of limitations described in the “Investment Restrictions” section below, each Fund may engage in the investment strategies discussed below. There is no assurance that any of these strategies or any other strategies and methods of investment available to a Fund will result in the achievement of the Fund’s investment objective.

This section provides a description of the securities in which a Fund may invest to achieve its investment objective, the strategies it may employ and the corresponding risks of such securities and strategies. The greatest risk of investing in an exchange-traded fund (“ETF”) is that its returns will fluctuate and you could lose money. Recent events in the financial sector have resulted, and may continue to result, in an unusually high degree of volatility in the financial markets. Both domestic and foreign equity markets could experience increased volatility and turmoil, with issuers that have exposure to the real estate, mortgage and credit markets particularly affected, and it is uncertain whether or for how long these conditions could continue. The U.S. government has already taken a number of unprecedented actions designed to support certain financial institutions and segments of the financial markets that have experienced extreme volatility, and in some cases a lack of liquidity.

Reduced liquidity in equity, credit and fixed-income markets may adversely affect many issuers worldwide. This reduced liquidity may result in less money being available to purchase raw materials, goods and services from emerging markets, which may, in turn, bring down the prices of these economic staples. It may also result in emerging market issuers having more difficulty obtaining financing, which may, in turn, cause a decline in their stock prices. These events and possible continued market turbulence may have an adverse effect on the Funds.

Asset-Backed Securities

A Fund may invest in asset-backed securities of any rating or maturity. Asset-backed securities are securities issued by trusts and special purpose entities that are backed by pools of assets, such as automobile and credit-card receivables and home equity loans, which pass through the payments on the underlying obligations to the security holders (less servicing fees paid to the originator or fees for any credit enhancement). Typically, the originator of the loan or accounts receivable paper transfers it to a specially created trust, which repackages it as securities with a minimum denomination and a specific term. The securities are then privately placed or publicly offered. Examples include certificates for automobile receivables and so-called plastic bonds, backed by credit card receivables.

The value of an asset-backed security is affected by, among other things, changes in the market’s perception of the asset backing the security, the creditworthiness of the servicing agent for the loan pool, the originator of the loans

 

3


and the financial institution providing any credit enhancement. Payments of principal and interest passed through to holders of asset-backed securities are frequently supported by some form of credit enhancement, such as a letter of credit, surety bond, limited guarantee by another entity or by having a priority to certain of the borrower’s other assets. The degree of credit enhancement varies, and generally applies to only a portion of the asset-backed security’s par value. Value is also affected if any credit enhancement has been exhausted.

Bank Obligations

Money Market Instruments. The Funds may invest in bankers’ acceptances, certificates of deposit, demand and time deposits, savings shares and commercial paper of domestic banks and savings and loans that have assets of at least $1 billion and capital, surplus, and undivided profits of over $100 million as of the close of their most recent fiscal year, or instruments that are insured by the Bank Insurance Fund or the Savings Institution Insurance Fund of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The Funds also may invest in high quality, short-term, corporate debt obligations, including variable rate demand notes, having a maturity of one year or less. Because there is no secondary trading market in demand notes, the inability of the issuer to make required payments could impact adversely a Fund’s ability to resell when it deems advisable to do so.

A Fund may invest in foreign money market instruments, which typically involve more risk than investing in U.S. money market instruments. See “Foreign Securities” below. These risks include, among others, higher brokerage commissions, less public information, and less liquid markets in which to sell and meet large shareholder redemption requests.

Bankers’ Acceptances. Bankers’ acceptances generally are negotiable instruments (time drafts) drawn to finance the export, import, domestic shipment or storage of goods. They are termed “accepted” when a bank writes on the draft its agreement to pay it at maturity, using the word “accepted.” The bank is, in effect, unconditionally guaranteeing to pay the face value of the instrument on its maturity date. The acceptance may then be held by the accepting bank as an asset, or it may be sold in the secondary market at the going rate of interest for a specified maturity.

Certificates of Deposit (“CDs”). The FDIC is an agency of the U.S. government that insures the deposits of certain banks and savings and loan associations up to $250,000 per deposit. The interest on such deposits may not be insured to the extent this limit is exceeded. Current federal regulations also permit such institutions to issue insured negotiable CDs in amounts of $250,000 or more without regard to the interest rate ceilings on other deposits. To remain fully insured, these investments must be limited to $250,000 per insured bank or savings and loan association.

Commercial Paper. Commercial paper includes notes, drafts or similar instruments payable on demand or having a maturity at the time of issuance not exceeding nine months, exclusive of days of grace or any renewal thereof. A Fund may invest in commercial paper rated A-l or A-2 by Standard & Poor’s® Ratings Services (“S&P®”) or Prime-1 or Prime-2 by Moody’s Investors Service®, Inc. (“Moody’s”), and in other lower quality commercial paper.

Caps, Floors and Collars

The Funds may enter into caps, floors and collars relating to securities, interest rates or currencies. In a cap or floor, the buyer pays a premium (which is generally, but not always a single up-front amount) for the right to receive payments from the other party if, on specified payment dates, the applicable rate, index or asset is greater than (in the case of a cap) or less than (in the case of a floor) an agreed level, for the period involved and the applicable notional amount. A collar is a combination instrument in which the same party buys a cap and sells a floor. Depending upon the terms of the cap and floor comprising the collar, the premiums will partially or entirely offset each other. The notional amount of a cap, collar or floor is used to calculate payments, but is not itself exchanged. The Funds may be both buyers and sellers of these instruments. In addition, the Funds may engage in combinations of put and call options on securities (also commonly known as collars), which may involve physical delivery of securities. Like swaps, caps, floors and collars are very flexible products. The terms of the transactions entered by the Funds may vary from the typical examples described here.

 

4


Corporate Debt Securities

A Fund may invest in investment grade corporate debt securities of any rating or maturity. Investment grade corporate bonds are those rated BBB or better by S&P® or Baa or better by Moody’s. Securities rated BBB by S&P® are considered investment grade, but Moody’s considers securities rated Baa to have speculative characteristics. See Appendix A for a description of corporate bond ratings. A Fund may also invest in unrated securities.

Corporate debt securities are fixed-income securities issued by businesses to finance their operations, although corporate debt instruments may also include bank loans to companies. Notes, bonds, debentures and commercial paper are the most common types of corporate debt securities, with the primary difference being their maturities and secured or un-secured status. Commercial paper has the shortest term and is usually unsecured.

The broad category of corporate debt securities includes debt issued by domestic or foreign companies of all kinds, including those with small-, mid- and large-capitalizations. Corporate debt may be rated investment-grade or below investment-grade and may carry variable or floating rates of interest.

Because of the wide range of types, and maturities, of corporate debt securities, as well as the range of creditworthiness of its issuers, corporate debt securities have widely varying potentials for return and risk profiles. For example, commercial paper issued by a large established domestic corporation that is rated investment-grade may have a modest return on principal, but carries relatively limited risk. On the other hand, a long-term corporate note issued by a small foreign corporation from an emerging market country that has not been rated may have the potential for relatively large returns on principal, but carries a relatively high degree of risk.

Corporate debt securities carry both credit risk and interest rate risk. Credit risk is the risk that a Fund could lose money if the issuer of a corporate debt security is unable to pay interest or repay principal when it is due. Some corporate debt securities that are rated below investment-grade are generally considered speculative because they present a greater risk of loss, including default, than higher quality debt securities. The credit risk of a particular issuer’s debt security may vary based on its priority for repayment. For example, higher ranking (senior) debt securities have a higher priority than lower ranking (subordinated) securities. This means that the issuer might not make payments on subordinated securities while continuing to make payments on senior securities. In addition, in the event of bankruptcy, holders of higher-ranking senior securities may receive amounts otherwise payable to the holders of more junior securities. Interest rate risk is the risk that the value of certain corporate debt securities will tend to fall when interest rates rise. In general, corporate debt securities with longer terms tend to fall more in value when interest rates rise than corporate debt securities with shorter terms.

Cybersecurity Risk

Since the use of technology has become more prevalent in the course of business, the Funds may be more susceptible to operational risks through breaches in cybersecurity. A cybersecurity incident may refer to either intentional or unintentional events that allow an unauthorized party to gain access to fund assets, customer data, or proprietary information, or cause a Fund or Fund service provider to suffer data corruption or lose operational functionality. A cybersecurity incident could, among other things, result in the loss or theft of customer data or funds, customers or employees being unable to access electronic systems (“denial of services”), loss or theft of proprietary information or corporate data, physical damage to a computer or network system, or remediation costs associated with system repairs. Any of these results could have a substantial impact on the Funds. For example, if a cybersecurity incident results in a denial of service, Fund shareholders could lose access to their electronic accounts for an unknown period of time, and employees could be unable to access electronic systems to perform critical duties for the Funds, such as trading, NAV calculation, shareholder accounting or fulfillment of Fund share purchases and redemptions. Cybersecurity incidents could cause a Fund or the Funds’ Adviser or distributor to incur regulatory penalties, reputational damage, additional compliance costs associated with corrective measures, or financial loss of a significant magnitude. They may also cause a Fund to violate applicable privacy and other laws. The Funds’ service providers have established risk management systems that seek to reduce the risks associated with cybersecurity, and business continuity plans in the event there is a cybersecurity breach. However, there is no guarantee that such efforts will succeed, especially since the Funds do not directly control the cybersecurity systems of the issuers of securities in which the Funds invest or the Funds’ third party service providers (including the Funds’ transfer agent and custodian).

 

5


Depositary Receipts

To the extent a Fund invests in stocks of foreign corporations, a Fund’s investment in such stocks may also be in the form of depositary receipts or other securities convertible into securities of foreign issuers. Depositary receipts may not necessarily be denominated in the same currency as the underlying securities into which they may be converted. American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”) are receipts typically issued by an American bank or trust company that evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by a foreign corporation. European Depositary Receipts (“EDRs”) are receipts issued in Europe that evidence a similar ownership arrangement. Global Depositary Receipts (“GDRs”) are receipts issued throughout the world that evidence a similar arrangement. Generally, ADRs, in registered form, are designed for use in the U.S. securities markets, and EDRs, in bearer form, are designed for use in European securities markets. GDRs are tradable both in the United States and in Europe and are designed for use throughout the world. Depositary receipts will not necessarily be denominated in the same currency as their underlying securities.

Depositary receipts may be purchased through “sponsored” or “unsponsored” facilities. A sponsored facility is established jointly by the issuer of the underlying security and a depositary, whereas a depositary may establish an unsponsored facility without participation by the issuer of the depositary security. Holders of unsponsored depositary receipts generally bear all the costs of such facilities and the depositary of an unsponsored facility frequently is under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications received from the issuer of the deposited security or to pass through voting rights to the holders of such receipts of the deposited securities.

Fund investments in depositary receipts, which include ADRs, GDRs and EDRs, are deemed to be investments in foreign securities for purposes of a Fund’s investment strategy.

Equity Securities

Common Stocks. A Fund may invest in common stocks. Common stocks represent the residual ownership interest in the issuer and are entitled to the income and increase in the value of the assets and business of the entity after all of its obligations and preferred stock are satisfied. Common stocks generally have voting rights. Common stocks fluctuate in price in response to many factors including historical and prospective earnings of the issuer, the value of its assets, general economic conditions, interest rates, investor perceptions and market liquidity.

Convertible Securities. A Fund may invest in convertible securities that may be considered high yield securities. Convertible securities include corporate bonds, notes and preferred stock that can be converted into or exchanged for a prescribed amount of common stock of the same or a different issue within a particular period of time at a specified price or formula. A convertible security entitles the holder to receive interest paid or accrued on debt or dividends paid on preferred stock until the convertible stock matures or is redeemed, converted or exchanged. While no securities investment is without some risk, investments in convertible securities generally entail less risk than the issuer’s common stock, although the extent to which such risk is reduced depends in large measure upon the degree to which the convertible security sells above its value as a fixed income security. The market value of convertible securities tends to decline as interest rates increase and, conversely, to increase as interest rates decline. While convertible securities generally offer lower interest or dividend yields than nonconvertible debt securities of similar quality, they do enable the investor to benefit from increases in the market price of the underlying common stock. When investing in convertible securities, a Fund may invest in the lowest credit rating category.

Preferred Stock. A Fund may invest in preferred stock. A preferred stock blends the characteristics of a bond and common stock. It can offer the higher yield of a bond and has priority over common stock in equity ownership, but does not have the seniority of a bond and its participation in the issuer’s growth may be limited. Preferred stock has preference over common stock in the receipt of dividends and in any residual assets after payment to creditors if the issuer is dissolved. Although the dividend is set at a fixed annual rate, in some circumstances it can be changed or omitted by the issuer. When investing in preferred stocks, a Fund may invest in the lowest credit rating category.

Warrants and Rights. A Fund may purchase warrants and rights, which are instruments that permit a Fund to acquire, by subscription, the capital stock of a corporation at a set price, regardless of the market price for such stock. Warrants may be either perpetual or of limited duration, but they usually do not have voting rights or pay dividends. The market price

 

6


of warrants is usually significantly less than the current price of the underlying stock. Thus, there is a greater risk that warrants might drop in value at a faster rate than the underlying stock.

Foreign Securities

A Fund may have both direct and indirect exposure through investments in stock index futures contracts, options on stock index futures contracts and options on securities and on stock indices to foreign securities. In most cases, the best available market for foreign securities will be on exchanges or in OTC markets located outside the United States.

Investing in foreign securities carries political and economic risks distinct from those associated with investing in the United States. Investments in foreign securities also involve the risk of possible adverse changes in investment or exchange control regulations, expropriation or confiscatory taxation, limitation on or delays in the removal of funds or other assets of a fund, political or financial instability or diplomatic and other developments that could affect such investments. Foreign investments may be affected by actions of foreign governments adverse to the interests of U.S. investors, including the possibility of expropriation or nationalization of assets, confiscatory taxation, restrictions on U.S. investment or on the ability to repatriate assets or to convert currency into U.S. Dollars. There may be a greater possibility of default by foreign governments or foreign-government sponsored enterprises. Investments in foreign countries also involve a risk of local political, economic or social instability, military action or unrest or adverse diplomatic developments.

Hybrid Instruments

A Fund may invest in hybrid instruments. A hybrid instrument is a type of potentially high-risk derivative that combines a traditional stock, bond, or commodity with an option or forward contract. Generally, the principal amount, amount payable upon maturity or redemption, or interest rate of a hybrid is tied (positively or negatively) to the price of some commodity, currency or securities index or another interest rate or some other economic factor (each a “benchmark”). The interest rate or (unlike most fixed income securities) the principal amount payable at maturity of a hybrid security may be increased or decreased, depending on changes in the value of the benchmark. A hybrid could be, for example, a bond issued by an oil company that pays a small base level of interest, in addition to interest that accrues when oil prices exceed a certain predetermined level. Such a hybrid instrument would be a combination of a bond and a call option on oil.

Hybrids can be used as an efficient means of pursuing a variety of investment goals, including currency hedging, and increased total return. Hybrids may not bear interest or pay dividends. The value of a hybrid or its interest rate may be a multiple of a benchmark and, as a result, may be leveraged and move (up or down) more steeply and rapidly than the benchmark. These benchmarks may be sensitive to economic and political events, such as commodity shortages and currency devaluations, which cannot be readily foreseen by the purchaser of a hybrid. Under certain conditions, the redemption value of a hybrid could be zero. Thus, an investment in a hybrid may entail significant market risks that are not associated with a similar investment in a traditional, U.S. Dollar-denominated bond that has a fixed principal amount and pays a fixed rate or floating rate of interest. The purchase of hybrids also exposes a Fund to the credit risk of the issuer of the hybrids. These risks may cause significant fluctuations in the NAV of a Fund.

Certain issuers of structured products such as hybrid instruments may be deemed to be investment companies as defined in the 1940 Act. As a result, a Fund’s investment in these products may be subject to limits applicable to investments in investment companies and may be subject to restrictions contained in the 1940 Act.

Illiquid Investments and Restricted Securities

Each Fund may purchase and hold illiquid investments. No Fund will purchase or otherwise acquire any security if, as a result, more than 15% of its net assets (taken at current value) would be invested in investments that are illiquid by virtue of the absence of a readily available market or legal or contractual restrictions on resale. This policy does not include restricted securities eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“1933 Act”), which the Board of Trustees (“Board” or “Trustees”) or Rafferty has determined under Board-approved guidelines are liquid. No Fund, however, currently anticipates investing in such restricted securities.

 

7


The term “illiquid investments” for this purpose means investments that cannot be disposed of within seven days in the ordinary course of business at approximately the amount at which a Fund has valued the investments. Investments currently considered to be illiquid include: (1) repurchase agreements not terminable within seven days; (2) securities for which market quotations are not readily available; (3) OTC options and their underlying collateral; (4) bank deposits, unless they are payable at principal amount plus accrued interest on demand or within seven days after demand; (5) restricted securities not determined to be liquid pursuant to guidelines established by the Board; and (6) in certain circumstances, securities involved in swap, cap, floor or collar transactions. The assets used as cover for OTC options written by a Fund will be considered illiquid unless the OTC options are sold to qualified dealers who agree that a Fund may repurchase any OTC option it writes at a maximum price to be calculated by a formula set forth in the option agreement. The cover for an OTC option written subject to this procedure would be considered illiquid only to the extent that the maximum repurchase price under the formula exceeds the intrinsic value of the option.

A Fund may not be able to sell illiquid investments when Rafferty considers it desirable to do so or may have to sell such investments at a price that is lower than the price that could be obtained if the investments were liquid. In addition, the sale of illiquid investments may require more time and result in higher dealer discounts and other selling expenses than does the sale of investments that are not illiquid. Illiquid investments also may be more difficult to value due to the unavailability of reliable market quotations for such investments, and investment in illiquid investments may have an adverse impact on NAV.

Rule 144A establishes a “safe harbor” from the registration requirements of the 1933 Act for resales of certain securities to qualified institutional buyers. Institutional markets for restricted securities that have developed as a result of Rule 144A provide both readily ascertainable values for certain restricted securities and the ability to liquidate an investment to satisfy share redemption orders. An insufficient number of qualified institutional buyers interested in purchasing Rule 144A-eligible securities held by a Fund, however, could affect adversely the marketability of such portfolio securities, and a Fund may be unable to dispose of such securities promptly or at reasonable prices.

Indexed Securities

A Fund may purchase indexed securities, which are securities, the value of which varies positively or negatively in relation to the value of other securities, securities indices or other financial indicators, consistent with its investment objective. Indexed securities may be debt securities or deposits whose value at maturity or coupon rate is determined by reference to a specific instrument or statistic. Recent issuers of indexed securities have included banks, corporations and certain U.S. government agencies.

The performance of indexed securities depends to a great extent on the performance of the security or other instrument to which they are indexed and also may be influenced by interest rate changes in the United States and abroad. At the same time, indexed securities are subject to the credit risks associated with the issuer of the security, and their values may decline substantially if the issuer’s creditworthiness deteriorates. Indexed securities may be more volatile than the underlying instruments. Certain indexed securities that are not traded on an established market may be deemed illiquid. See “Illiquid Investments and Restricted Securities” above.

Inflation Protected Securities

Inflation protected securities are fixed income securities whose value is periodically adjusted according to the rate of inflation. Two structures are common. The U.S. Treasury and some other issuers utilize a structure that accrues inflation into the principal value of the bond. Other issuers pay out the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) accruals as part of a semiannual coupon. Inflation protected securities issued by the U.S. Treasury have maturities of approximately five, ten or thirty years, although it is possible that securities with other maturities will be issued in the future. The U.S. Treasury securities pay interest on a semi-annual basis equal to a fixed percentage of the inflation adjusted principal amount.

If the periodic adjustment rate measuring inflation falls, the principal value of inflation protected bonds will be adjusted downward, and consequently the interest payable on these securities (calculated with respect to a smaller principal amount) will be reduced. Repayment of the original bond principal upon maturity (as adjusted for

 

8


inflation) is guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury in the case of U.S. Treasury inflation indexed bonds, even during a period of deflation. However, the current market value of the bonds is not guaranteed and will fluctuate. A Fund may also invest in other inflation related bonds which may or may not provide a similar guarantee. If a guarantee of principal is not provided, the adjusted principal value of the bond to be repaid at maturity may be less than the original principal amount and, therefore, is subject to credit risk.

The value of inflation protected bonds is expected to change in response to changes in real interest rates. Real interest rates in turn are tied to the relationship between nominal interest rates and the rate of inflation. Therefore, if the rate of inflation rises at a faster rate than nominal interest rates, real interest rates might decline, leading to an increase in value of inflation protected bonds. In contrast, if nominal interest rates increase at a faster rate than inflation, real interest rates might rise, leading to a decrease in value of inflation protected bonds. While these securities are expected to be protected from long-term inflationary trends, short-term increases in inflation may lead to a decline in value. If interest rates rise due to reasons other than inflation, investors in these securities may not be protected to the extent that the increase is not reflected in the bond’s inflation measure.

The periodic adjustment of U.S. inflation protected bonds is tied to the non-seasonally adjusted U.S. City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (“CPI-U”), published monthly by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The CPI-U is a measurement of changes in the cost of living, made up of components such as housing, food, transportation and energy.

Any increase in principal for an inflation protected security resulting from inflation adjustments is considered by the IRS to be taxable income in the year it occurs. The Fund’s distributions to shareholders include interest income and the income attributable to principal adjustments, both of which will be taxable to shareholders. The tax treatment of the income attributable to principal adjustments may result in the situation where a Fund needs to make its required annual distributions to shareholders in amounts that exceed the cash received. As a result, a Fund may need to liquidate certain investments when it is not advantageous to do so. Also, if the principal value of an inflation protected security is adjusted downward due to deflation, amounts previously distributed in the taxable year may be characterized in some circumstances as a return of capital.

Interest Rate Swaps

A Fund may enter into interest rate swaps for hedging purposes and non-hedging purposes. Since swaps are entered into for good faith hedging purposes or are offset by a segregated account maintained by an approved custodian, Rafferty believes that swaps do not constitute senior securities as defined in the 1940 Act and, accordingly, will not treat them as being subject to a Fund’s borrowing restrictions. The net amount of the excess, if any, of a Fund’s obligations over its entitlement with respect to each interest rate swap will be accrued on a daily basis and an amount of cash or other liquid securities having an aggregate NAV at least equal to such accrued excess will be maintained in a segregated account by each Fund’s custodian. A Fund will not enter into any interest rate swap unless Rafferty believes that the other party to the transaction is creditworthy. If there is a default by the other party to such a transaction, a Fund will have contractual remedies pursuant to the agreement. The swap market has grown substantially in recent years with a large number of banks and investment banking firms acting both as principals and as agents utilizing standardized swap documentation. In addition, some interest rate swaps are, and more in the future may be, centrally cleared. As a result, the swap market has become relatively liquid in comparison with the markets for other similar instruments which are traded in the interbank market.

Junk Bonds

A Fund may invest in lower-rated debt securities, including securities in the lowest credit rating category, of any maturity, otherwise known as “junk bonds.”

Junk bonds generally offer a higher current yield than that available for higher-grade issues. However, lower-rated securities involve higher risks, in that they are especially subject to adverse changes in general economic conditions and in the industries in which the issuers are engaged, to changes in the financial condition of the issuers and to price fluctuations in response to changes in interest rates. During periods of economic downturn or rising interest rates, highly leveraged issuers may experience financial stress that could adversely affect their ability to make payments of interest and principal and increase the possibility of default. In addition, the market for lower-rated debt

 

9


securities has expanded rapidly in recent years, and its growth paralleled a long economic expansion. At times in recent years, the prices of many lower-rated debt securities declined substantially, reflecting an expectation that many issuers of such securities might experience financial difficulties. As a result, the yields on lower-rated debt securities rose dramatically, but such higher yields did not reflect the value of the income stream that holders of such securities expected, but rather, the risk that holders of such securities could lose a substantial portion of their value as a result of the issuers’ financial restructuring or default. There can be no assurance that such declines will not recur.

The market for lower-rated debt issues generally is thinner and less active than that for higher quality securities, which may limit a Fund’s ability to sell such securities at fair value in response to changes in the economy or financial markets. Adverse publicity and investor perceptions, whether based on fundamental analysis, may also decrease the values and liquidity of lower-rated securities, especially in a thinly traded market. Changes by recognized rating services in their rating of a fixed-income security may affect the value of these investments. A Fund will not necessarily dispose of a security when its rating is reduced below its rating at the time of purchase. However, Rafferty will monitor the investment to determine whether continued investment in the security will assist in meeting a Fund’s investment objective.

Mortgage-Backed Securities

A Fund may invest in mortgage-backed securities. A mortgage-backed security is a type of pass-through security, which is a security representing pooled debt obligations repackaged as interests that pass income through an intermediary to investors. In the case of mortgage-backed securities, the ownership interest is in a pool of mortgage loans.

Mortgage-backed securities are most commonly issued or guaranteed by the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae®” or “GNMA”), Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae®” or “FNMA”) or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac®” or “FHLMC”), but may also be issued or guaranteed by other private issuers. GNMA is a government-owned corporation that is an agency of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. It guarantees, with the full faith and credit of the United States, full and timely payment of all monthly principal and interest on its mortgage-backed securities. FNMA is a publicly owned, government-sponsored corporation that mostly packages mortgages backed by the Federal Housing Administration, but also sells some non-governmentally backed mortgages. Pass-through securities issued by FNMA are guaranteed as to timely payment of principal and interest only by FNMA. The FHLMC is a publicly chartered agency that buys qualifying residential mortgages from lenders, re-packages them and provides certain guarantees. The corporation’s stock is owned by savings institutions across the United States and is held in trust by the Federal Home Loan Bank System. Pass-through securities issued by the FHLMC are guaranteed as to timely payment of principal and interest only by the FHLMC.

Mortgage-backed securities issued by private issuers, whether or not such obligations are subject to guarantees by the private issuer, may entail greater risk than obligations directly or indirectly guaranteed by the U.S. government. The average life of a mortgage-backed security is likely to be substantially less than the original maturity of the mortgage pools underlying the securities. Prepayments of principal by mortgagors and mortgage foreclosures will usually result in the return of the greater part of principal invested far in advance of the maturity of the mortgages in the pool.

Collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”) are debt obligations collateralized by mortgage loans or mortgage pass-through securities (collateral collectively hereinafter referred to as “Mortgage Assets”). Multi-class pass-through securities are interests in a trust composed of Mortgage Assets and all references in this section to CMOs include multi-class pass-through securities. Principal prepayments on the Mortgage Assets may cause the CMOs to be retired substantially earlier than their stated maturities or final distribution dates, resulting in a loss of all or part of the premium if any has been paid. Interest is paid or accrues on all classes of the CMOs on a monthly, quarterly or semi-annual basis. The principal and interest payments on the Mortgage Assets may be allocated among the various classes of CMOs in several ways. Typically, payments of principal, including any prepayments, on the underlying mortgages are applied to the classes in the order of their respective stated maturities or final distribution dates, so that no payment of principal is made on CMOs of a class until all CMOs of other classes having earlier stated maturities or final distribution dates have been paid in full.

 

10


Stripped mortgage-backed securities (“SMBS”) are derivative multi-class mortgage securities. A Fund will only invest in SMBS that are obligations backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. SMBS are usually structured with two classes that receive different proportions of the interest and principal distributions from a pool of mortgage assets. A Fund will only invest in SMBS whose mortgage assets are U.S. government obligations. A common type of SMBS will be structured so that one class receives some of the interest and most of the principal from the mortgage assets, while the other class receives most of the interest and the remainder of the principal. If the underlying mortgage assets experience greater than anticipated prepayments of principal, each Fund may fail to fully recoup its initial investment in these securities. The market value of any class which consists primarily or entirely of principal payments generally is unusually volatile in response to changes in interest rates.

Investment in mortgage-backed securities poses several risks, including among others, prepayment, market and credit risk. Prepayment risk reflects the risk that borrowers may prepay their mortgages faster than expected, thereby affecting the investment’s average life and perhaps its yield. Whether or not a mortgage loan is prepaid is almost entirely controlled by the borrower. Borrowers are most likely to exercise prepayment options at the time when it is least advantageous to investors, generally prepaying mortgages as interest rates fall, and slowing payments as interest rates rise. Besides the effect of prevailing interest rates, the rate of prepayment and refinancing of mortgages may also be affected by home value appreciation, ease of the refinancing process and local economic conditions. Market risk reflects the risk that the price of a security may fluctuate over time. The price of mortgage-backed securities may be particularly sensitive to prevailing interest rates, the length of time the security is expected to be outstanding, and the liquidity of the issue. In a period of unstable interest rates, there may be decreased demand for certain types of mortgage-backed securities, and a Fund invested in such securities wishing to sell them may find it difficult to find a buyer, which may in turn decrease the price at which they may be sold. Credit risk reflects the risk that a Fund may not receive all or part of its principal because the issuer or credit enhancer has defaulted on its obligations. Obligations issued by U.S. government-related entities are guaranteed as to the payment of principal and interest, but are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. The performance of private label mortgage-backed securities, issued by private institutions, is based on the financial health of those institutions. With respect to GNMA certificates, although GNMA guarantees timely payment even if homeowners delay or default, tracking the “pass-through” payments may, at times, be difficult.

Municipal Obligations

A Fund may invest in municipal obligations. In addition to the usual risks associated with investing for income, the value of municipal obligations can be affected by changes in the actual or perceived credit quality of the issuers. The credit quality of a municipal obligation can be affected by, among other factors: a) the financial condition of the issuer or guarantor; b) the issuer’s future borrowing plans and sources of revenue; c) the economic feasibility of the revenue bond project or general borrowing purpose; d) political or economic developments in the region or jurisdiction where the security is issued; and e) the liquidity of the security. Because municipal obligations are generally traded OTC, the liquidity of a particular issue often depends on the willingness of dealers to make a market in the security. The liquidity of some municipal issues can be enhanced by demand features, which enable a Fund to demand payment from the issuer or a financial intermediary on short notice.

Options, Futures and Other Derivative Strategies

General. A Fund may use certain Financial Instruments, including options (traded on an exchange or OTC, or otherwise), futures contracts (sometimes referred to as “futures”) and options on futures contracts as a substitute for a comparable market position in the underlying security, to attempt to hedge or limit the exposure of a Fund’s position, to create a synthetic money market position, for certain tax-related purposes or to effect closing transactions.

The use of Financial Instruments is subject to applicable regulations of the SEC, the several exchanges upon which they are traded and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”). In addition, a Fund’s ability to use Financial Instruments will be limited by tax considerations. See “Dividends, Other Distributions and Taxes.”

Under current CFTC regulations, if a Fund uses commodity interests (such as futures contracts, options on futures contracts and swaps) other than for bona fide hedging purposes (as defined by the CFTC) the aggregate initial

 

11


margin and premiums required to establish these positions (after taking into account unrealized profits and unrealized losses on any such positions and excluding the amount by which options that are “in-the-money” at the time of purchase) may not exceed 5% of a fund’s NAV, or alternatively, the aggregate net notional value of those positions, as determined at the time the most recent position was established, may not exceed 100% of the fund’s NAV (after taking into account unrealized profits and unrealized losses on any such positions). Accordingly, the Funds have registered as commodity pools, or prior to the commencement of operations will register as commodity pools, and the Adviser has registered as a commodity pool operator with the National Futures Association.

Each Fund is subject to the risk that a change in U.S. law and related regulations will impact the way a Fund operates, increase the particular costs of a Fund’s operation and/or change the competitive landscape. In this regard, any further amendment to the CEA or its related regulations that subject a Fund to additional regulation may have adverse impacts on a Fund’s operations and expenses.

In addition to the instruments, strategies and risks described below and in the Prospectus, Rafferty may discover additional opportunities in connection with Financial Instruments and other similar or related techniques. These new opportunities may become available as Rafferty develops new techniques, as regulatory authorities broaden the range of permitted transactions and as new Financial Instruments or other techniques are developed. Rafferty may utilize these opportunities to the extent that they are consistent with a Fund’s investment objective and permitted by a Fund’s investment limitations and applicable regulatory authorities. A Fund’s Prospectus or this SAI will be supplemented to the extent that new products or techniques involve materially different risks than those described below or in the Prospectus.

Special Risks. The use of Financial Instruments involves special considerations and risks, certain of which are described below. Risks pertaining to particular Financial Instruments are described in the sections that follow.

(1) Successful use of most Financial Instruments depends upon Rafferty’s ability to predict movements of the overall securities markets, which requires different skills than predicting changes in the prices of individual securities. The ordinary spreads between prices in the cash and futures markets, due to the differences in the natures of those markets, are subject to distortion. Due to the possibility of distortion, a correct forecast of stock market trends by Rafferty may still not result in a successful transaction. Rafferty may be incorrect in its expectations as to the extent of market movements or the time span within which the movements take place, which, thus, may result in the strategy being unsuccessful.

(2) Options and futures prices can diverge from the prices of their underlying instruments. Options and futures prices are affected by such factors as current and anticipated short-term interest rates, changes in volatility of the underlying instrument and the time remaining until expiration of the contract, which may not affect security prices the same way. Imperfect or no correlation also may result from differing levels of demand in the options and futures markets and the securities markets, from structural differences in how options and futures and securities are traded, and from imposition of daily price fluctuation limits or trading halts.

(3) As described below, a Fund might be required to maintain assets as “cover,” maintain segregated accounts or make margin payments when it takes positions in Financial Instruments involving obligations to third parties (e.g., Financial Instruments other than purchased options). If a Fund were unable to close out its positions in such Financial Instruments, it might be required to continue to maintain such assets or accounts or make such payments until the position expired or matured. These requirements might impair a Fund’s ability to sell a portfolio security or make an investment when it would otherwise be favorable to do so or require that a Fund sell a portfolio security at a disadvantageous time. A Fund’s ability to close out a position in a Financial Instrument prior to expiration or maturity depends on the existence of a liquid secondary market or, in the absence of such a market, the ability and willingness of the other party to the transaction (the “counterparty”) to enter into a transaction closing out the position. Therefore, there is no assurance that any position can be closed out at a time and price that is favorable to a Fund.

(4) Losses may arise due to unanticipated market price movements, lack of a liquid secondary market for any particular instrument at a particular time or due to losses from premiums paid by a Fund on options transactions.

 

12


Cover. Transactions using Financial Instruments, other than purchased options, expose a Fund to an obligation to another party. A Fund will not enter into any such transactions unless it owns either (1) an offsetting (“covered”) position in securities or other options or futures contracts or (2) cash and liquid assets with a value, marked-to-market daily, sufficient to cover its potential obligations to the extent not covered as provided in (1) above. Each Fund will comply with SEC guidelines regarding cover for these instruments and will, if the guidelines so require, set aside cash or liquid assets in an account with its custodian, the Bank of New York Mellon (“BNYM”), in the prescribed amount as determined daily.

Assets used as cover or held in an account cannot be sold while the position in the corresponding Financial Instrument is open, unless they are replaced with other appropriate assets. As a result, the commitment of a large portion of a Fund’s assets to cover or accounts could impede portfolio management or a Fund’s ability to meet redemption requests or other current obligations.

Options. The value of an option position will reflect, among other things, the current market value of the underlying investment, the time remaining until expiration, the relationship of the exercise price to the market price of the underlying investment and general market conditions. Options that expire unexercised have no value. Options currently are traded on the Chicago Board Options Exchange® (“CBOE®”), the Exchange and other exchanges, as well as the OTC markets.

By buying a call option on a security, a Fund has the right, in return for the premium paid, to buy the security underlying the option at the exercise price. By writing (selling) a call option and receiving a premium, a Fund becomes obligated during the term of the option to deliver securities underlying the option at the exercise price if the option is exercised. By buying a put option, a Fund has the right, in return for the premium, to sell the security underlying the option at the exercise price. By writing a put option, a Fund becomes obligated during the term of the option to purchase the securities underlying the option at the exercise price.

Because options premiums paid or received by a Fund are small in relation to the market value of the investments underlying the options, buying and selling put and call options can be more speculative than investing directly in securities.

A Fund may effectively terminate its right or obligation under an option by entering into a closing transaction. For example, a Fund may terminate its obligation under a call or put option that it had written by purchasing an identical call or put option; this is known as a closing purchase transaction. Conversely, a Fund may terminate a position in a put or call option it had purchased by writing an identical put or call option; this is known as a closing sale transaction. Closing transactions permit a Fund to realize profits or limit losses on an option position prior to its exercise or expiration.

Risks of Options on Currencies and Securities. Exchange-traded options in the United States are issued by a clearing organization affiliated with the exchange on which the option is listed that, in effect, guarantees completion of every exchange-traded option transaction. In contrast, OTC options are contracts between a Fund and its counterparty (usually a securities dealer or a bank) with no clearing organization guarantee. Thus, when a Fund purchases an OTC option, it relies on the counterparty from which it purchased the option to make or take delivery of the underlying investment upon exercise of the option. Failure by the counterparty to do so would result in the loss of any premium paid by a Fund as well as the loss of any expected benefit of the transaction.

A Fund’s ability to establish and close out positions in exchange-traded options depends on the existence of a liquid market. However, there can be no assurance that such a market will exist at any particular time. Closing transactions can be made for OTC options only by negotiating directly with the counterparty, or by a transaction in the secondary market if any such market exists. There can be no assurance that a Fund will in fact be able to close out an OTC option position at a favorable price prior to expiration. In the event of insolvency of the counterparty, a Fund might be unable to close out an OTC option position at any time prior to its expiration.

If a Fund were unable to effect a closing transaction for an option it had purchased, it would have to exercise the option to realize any profit. The inability to enter into a closing purchase transaction for a covered call option written by a Fund could cause material losses because a Fund would be unable to sell the investment used as cover for the written option until the option expires or is exercised.

 

13


Options on Indices. An index fluctuates with changes in the market values of the securities included in the index. Options on indices give the holder the right to receive an amount of cash upon exercise of the option. Receipt of this cash amount will depend upon the closing level of the index upon which the option is based being greater than (in the case of a call) or less than (in the case of put) the exercise price of the option. Some stock index options are based on a broad market index such as the S&P 500® Composite Stock Index, the NYSE Composite Index or the AMEX® Major Market Index or on a narrower index such as the Philadelphia Stock Exchange Over-the-Counter Index.

The Exchange has established limitations governing the maximum number of call or put options on the same index that may be bought or written by a single investor, whether acting alone or in concert with others (regardless of whether such options are written on the same or different exchanges or are held or written on one or more accounts or through one or more brokers). Under these limitations, option positions of all investment companies advised by Rafferty are combined for purposes of these limits. Pursuant to these limitations, an exchange may order the liquidation of positions and may impose other sanctions or restrictions. These positions limits may restrict the number of listed options that a Fund may buy or sell.

Puts and calls on indices are similar to puts and calls on securities or futures contracts except that all settlements are in cash and gain or loss depends on changes in the index in question rather than on price movements in individual securities or futures contracts. When a Fund writes a call on an index, it receives a premium and agrees that, prior to the expiration date, the purchaser of the call, upon exercise of the call, will receive from a Fund an amount of cash if the closing level of the index upon which the call is based is greater than the exercise price of the call. The amount of cash is equal to the difference between the closing price of the index and the exercise price of the call times a specified multiple (“multiplier”), which determines the total value for each point of such difference. When a Fund buys a call on an index, it pays a premium and has the same rights to such call as are indicated above. When a Fund buys a put on an index, it pays a premium and has the right, prior to the expiration date, to require the seller of the put, upon a Fund’s exercise of the put, to deliver to a Fund an amount of cash if the closing level of the index upon which the put is based is less than the exercise price of the put, which amount of cash is determined by the multiplier, as described above for calls. When a Fund writes a put on an index, it receives a premium and the purchaser of the put has the right, prior to the expiration date, to require a Fund to deliver to it an amount of cash equal to the difference between the closing level of the index and the exercise price times the multiplier if the closing level is less than the exercise price.

Risks of Options on Indices. If a Fund has purchased an index option and exercises it before the closing index value for that day is available, it runs the risk that the level of the Index may subsequently change. If such a change causes the exercised option to fall out-of-the-money, a Fund will be required to pay the difference between the closing index value and the exercise price of the option (times the applicable multiplier) to the assigned writer.

OTC Options. Unlike exchange-traded options, which are standardized with respect to the underlying instrument, expiration date, contract size and strike price, the terms of OTC options (options not traded on exchanges) generally are established through negotiation with the other party to the option contract. While this type of arrangement allows a Fund great flexibility to tailor the option to its needs, OTC options generally involve greater risk than exchange-traded options, which are guaranteed by the clearing organization of the exchanges where they are traded.

Forward Contracts. A Fund may enter into equity, equity index or interest rate forward contracts for purposes of attempting to gain exposure to an index or group of securities without actually purchasing these securities, or to hedge a position. Forward contracts are two-party contracts pursuant to which one party agrees to pay the counterparty a fixed price for an agreed upon amount of commodities, securities, or the cash value of the commodities, securities or the securities index, at an agreed upon date. Because they are two-party contracts and because they may have terms greater than seven days, forward contracts may be considered to be illiquid for the Fund’s illiquid investment limitations. A Fund will not enter into any forward contract unless Rafferty believes that the other party to the transaction is creditworthy. A Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a forward contract in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a counterparty. If such a default occurs, a Fund will have contractual remedies pursuant to the forward contract, but such remedies may be subject to bankruptcy and insolvency laws which could affect the Fund’s rights as a creditor.

 

14


Futures Contracts and Options on Futures Contracts. A futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to take delivery of) the specified security on the expiration date of the contract. An index futures contract obligates the seller to deliver (and the purchaser to take) an amount of cash equal to a specific dollar amount times the difference between the value of a specific index at the close of the last trading day of the contract and the price at which the agreement is made. No physical delivery of the underlying securities in the index is made.

When a Fund writes an option on a futures contract, it becomes obligated, in return for the premium paid, to assume a position in the futures contract at a specified exercise price at any time during the term of the option. If a Fund writes a call, it assumes a short futures position. If it writes a put, it assumes a long futures position. When a Fund purchases an option on a futures contract, it acquires the right in return for the premium it pays to assume a position in a futures contract (a long position if the option is a call and a short position if the option is a put).

Whether a Fund realizes a gain or loss from futures activities depends upon movements in the underlying security or index. The extent of a Fund’s loss from an unhedged short position in futures contracts or from writing unhedged call options on futures contracts is potentially unlimited. A Fund only purchases and sells futures contracts and options on futures contracts that are traded on a U.S. exchange or board of trade.

No price is paid upon entering into a futures contract. Instead, at the inception of a futures contract a Fund is required to deposit “initial margin” in an amount generally equal to 10% or less of the contract value. Margin also must be deposited when writing a call or put option on a futures contract, in accordance with applicable exchange rules. Unlike margin in securities transactions, initial margin does not represent a borrowing, but rather is in the nature of a performance bond or good-faith deposit that is returned to a Fund at the termination of the transaction if all contractual obligations have been satisfied. Under certain circumstances, such as periods of high volatility, a Fund may be required by an exchange to increase the level of its initial margin payment, and initial margin requirements might be increased generally in the future by regulatory action.

Subsequent “variation margin” payments are made to and from the futures commission merchant daily as the value of the futures position varies, a process known as “marking-to-market.” Variation margin does not involve borrowing, but rather represents a daily settlement of a Fund’s obligations to or from a futures commission merchant. When a Fund purchases an option on a futures contract, the premium paid plus transaction costs is all that is at risk. In contrast, when a Fund purchases or sells a futures contract or writes a call or put option thereon, it is subject to daily variation margin calls that could be substantial in the event of adverse price movements. If a Fund has insufficient cash to meet daily variation margin requirements, it might need to sell securities at a time when such sales are disadvantageous.

Purchasers and sellers of futures contracts and options on futures can enter into offsetting closing transactions, similar to closing transactions in options, by selling or purchasing, respectively, an instrument identical to the instrument purchased or sold. Positions in futures and options on futures contracts may be closed only on an exchange or board of trade that provides a secondary market. However, there can be no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for a particular contract at a particular time. In such event, it may not be possible to close a futures contract or options position.

Under certain circumstances, futures exchanges may establish daily limits on the amount that the price of a futures contract or an option on a futures contract can vary from the previous day’s settlement price; once that limit is reached, no trades may be made that day at a price beyond the limit. Daily price limits do not limit potential losses because prices could move to the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading, thereby preventing liquidation of unfavorable positions.

If a Fund were unable to liquidate a futures contract or an option on a futures position due to the absence of a liquid secondary market or the imposition of price limits, it could incur substantial losses. A Fund would continue to be subject to market risk with respect to the position. In addition, except in the case of purchased options, a Fund would continue to be required to make daily variation margin payments and might be required to maintain cash or liquid assets in an account.

Risks of Futures Contracts and Options Thereon. The ordinary spreads between prices in the cash and futures markets (including the options on futures markets), due to differences in the natures of those markets, are subject to

 

15


the following factors, which may create distortions. First, all participants in the futures market are subject to margin deposit and maintenance requirements. Rather than meeting additional margin deposit requirements, investors may close futures contracts through offsetting transactions, which could distort the normal relationships between the cash and futures markets. Second, the liquidity of the futures market depends on participants entering into offsetting transactions rather than making or taking delivery. To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced, thus producing distortion. Third, from the point of view of speculators, the deposit requirements in the futures market are less onerous than margin requirements in the securities market. Therefore, increased participation by speculators in the futures market may cause temporary price distortions.

Risks Associated with Commodity Futures Contracts. There are several additional risks associated with transactions in commodity futures contracts.

Storage. Unlike the financial futures markets, in the commodity futures markets there are costs of physical storage associated with purchasing the underlying commodity. The price of the commodity futures contract will reflect the storage costs of purchasing the physical commodity, including the time value of money invested in the physical commodity. To the extent that the storage costs for an underlying commodity change while a Fund is invested in futures contracts on that commodity, the value of the futures contract may change proportionately.

Reinvestment. In the commodity futures markets, producers of the underlying commodity may decide to hedge the price risk of selling the commodity by selling futures contracts today to lock in the price of the commodity at delivery tomorrow. In order to induce speculators to purchase the other side of the same futures contract, the commodity producer generally must sell the futures contract at a lower price than the expected future spot price. Conversely, if most hedgers in the futures market are purchasing futures contracts to hedge against a rise in prices, then speculators will only sell the other side of the futures contract at a higher futures price than the expected future spot price of the commodity. The changing nature of the hedgers and speculators in the commodity markets will influence whether futures prices are above or below the expected future spot price, which can have significant implications for a Fund. If the nature of hedgers and speculators in futures markets has shifted when it is time for a Fund to reinvest the proceeds of a maturing contract in a new futures contract, the Fund might reinvest at higher or lower futures prices, or choose to pursue other investments.

Other Economic Factors. The commodities which underlie commodity futures contracts may be subject to additional economic and non-economic variables, such as drought, floods, weather, livestock disease, embargoes, tariffs, and international economic, political and regulatory developments. These factors may have a larger impact on commodity prices and commodity-linked instruments, including futures contracts, than on traditional securities. Certain commodities are also subject to limited pricing flexibility because of supply and demand factors. Others are subject to broad price fluctuations as a result of the volatility of the prices for certain raw materials and the instability of supplies of other materials. These additional variables may create additional investment risks which subject a Fund’s investments to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities.

Combined Positions. A Fund may purchase and write options in combination with each other. For example, a Fund may purchase a put option and write a call option on the same underlying instrument, in order to construct a combined position whose risk and return characteristics are similar to selling a futures contract. Another possible combined position would involve writing a call option at one strike price and buying a call option at a lower price, in order to reduce the risk of the written call option in the event of a substantial price increase. Because combined options positions involve multiple trades, they result in higher transaction costs and may be more difficult to open and close out.

Other Investment Companies

Open-end and Closed-end Investment Companies. A Fund may invest in the securities of other investment companies, including open- and closed-end funds, and in ETFs. Investments in the securities of other investment companies may involve duplication of advisory fees and certain other expenses. By investing in another investment company, a Fund becomes a shareholder of that investment company. As a result, Fund shareholders indirectly will bear a Fund’s proportionate share of the fees and expenses of the other investment company, in addition to the fees and expenses Fund shareholders bear in connection with a Fund’s own operations.

 

16


A Fund intends to limit its investments in securities issued by other investment companies in accordance with the 1940 Act. Section 12(d)(1) of the 1940 Act precludes a Fund from acquiring (i) more than 3% of the total outstanding shares of another investment company; (ii) shares of another investment company having an aggregate value in excess of 5% of the value of the total assets of the Fund; or (iii) shares of another registered investment company and all other investment companies having an aggregate value in excess of 10% of the value of the total assets of the Fund. However, Section 12(d)(1)(F) of the 1940 Act provides that the provisions of paragraph 12(d) shall not apply to securities purchased or otherwise acquired by a Fund if (i) immediately after such purchase or acquisition not more than 3% of the total outstanding shares of such investment company is owned by the Fund and all affiliated persons of the Fund; and (ii) the Fund has not offered or sold, and is not proposing to offer or sell its shares through a principal underwriter or otherwise at a public or offering price that includes a sales load of more than 1 1/2%.

If a Fund invests in investment companies pursuant to Section 12(d)(1)(F), it must comply with the following voting restrictions: when the Fund exercises voting rights, by proxy or otherwise, with respect to investment companies owned by the Fund, the Fund will either seek instruction from the Fund’ shareholders with regard to the voting of all proxies and vote in accordance with such instructions, or vote the shares held by a Fund in the same proportion as the vote of all other holders of such security. In addition, an investment company purchased by a Fund pursuant to Section 12(d)(1)(F) shall not be required to redeem its shares in an amount exceeding 1% of such investment company’s total outstanding shares in any period of less than thirty days.

Shares of another investment company or ETF that has received exemptive relief from the SEC to permit other funds to invest in the shares without these limitations are excluded from such restrictions to the extent that a Fund has complied with the requirements of such orders. To the extent that a Fund invests in open-end or closed-end investment companies that invest primarily in the securities of companies located outside the United States, see the risks related to foreign securities set forth above.

Exchange-Traded Products. Each Fund may invest in ETFs, which are registered investment companies, partnerships or trusts that are bought and sold on a securities exchange. A Fund may also invest in exchange-traded notes (“ETN”), which are structured debt securities. Additionally, a Fund may invest in swap agreements referencing ETFs. Whereas ETFs’ liabilities are secured by their portfolio securities, ETNs’ liabilities are unsecured general obligations of the issuer. Most ETFs and ETNs are designed to track a particular market segment or index. ETFs and ETNs share expenses associated with their operation, typically including, with respect to ETFs, advisory fees. When a Fund invests in an ETF or ETN, in addition to directly bearing expenses associated with its own operations, it will bear its pro rata portion of the ETF’s or ETN’s expenses. The risks of owning an ETF or ETN generally reflect the risks of owning the underlying securities the ETF or ETN is designed to track, although lack of liquidity in an ETF or ETN could result in it being more volatile than the underlying portfolio of securities. If a Fund invests in ETFs or swap agreements referencing ETFs, the underlying ETFs may not necessarily track the same index as the Fund. In addition, because of ETF or ETN expenses, compared to owning the underlying securities directly, it may be more costly to own an ETF or ETN. The value of an ETN security should also be expected to fluctuate with the credit rating of the issuer.

Money Market Funds. Money market funds are open-end registered investment companies which have historically traded at a stable $1.00 per share price. In July 2014, the SEC adopted amendments to money market fund regulations (“2014 Amendments”) intended to address perceived systemic risks associated with money market funds and to improve transparency for money market fund investors. In general, the 2014 Amendments require money market funds that do not meet the definitions of a retail money market fund or government money market fund to transact at a floating NAV per share (similar to all other non-money market mutual funds), instead of at a $1 stable share price, as has traditionally been the case. The 2014 Amendments also permit all money market funds to impose liquidity fees and redemption gates for use in times of market stress. The SEC also adopted additional diversification, stress testing, and disclosure measures. The 2014 Amendments represent significant departures from the traditional operation of money market funds and the impact that these amendments might have on money market funds is unclear; however, any impact on the trading and value of money market instruments as a result of the 2014 Amendments may negatively affect a Fund’s yield and return potential. The 2014 Amendments generally are not effective until October 2016.

 

17


Payment-In-Kind Securities and Strips

A Fund may invest in payment-in-kind securities and strips of any rating or maturity. Payment-in-kind securities allow the issuer, at its option, to make current interest payments on the bonds either in cash or in bonds. Both zero-coupon securities and payment-in-kind securities allow an issuer to avoid the need to generate cash to meet current interest payments. Even though such securities do not pay current interest in cash, a Fund nonetheless is required to accrue interest income on these investments and to distribute the interest income at least annually to shareholders. Thus, a Fund could be required at times to liquidate other investments to satisfy distribution requirements.

A Fund may also invest in strips, which are debt securities whose interest coupons are taken out and traded separately after the securities are issued but otherwise are comparable to zero-coupon securities. Like zero-coupon securities and payment-in-kind securities, strips are generally more sensitive to interest rate fluctuations than interest paying securities of comparable term and quality.

Real Estate Companies

A Fund may make investments in the securities of real estate companies, which are regarded as those which derive at least 50% of their respective revenues from the ownership, construction, financing, management or sale of commercial, industrial, or residential real estate, or have at least 50% of their respective assets in such real estate. Such investments include common stocks (including real estate investment trust (“REIT”) shares, see “Real Estate Investment Trusts” below), rights or warrants to purchase common stocks, securities convertible into common stocks where the conversion feature represents, in Rafferty’s view, a significant element of the securities’ value, and preferred stocks.

Real Estate Investment Trusts

A Fund may make investments in REITs. REITs include equity, mortgage and hybrid REITs. Equity REITs own real estate properties, and their revenue comes principally from rent. Mortgage REITs loan money to real estate owners, and their revenue comes principally from interest earned on their mortgage loans. Hybrid REITs combine characteristics of both equity and mortgage REITs. The value of an equity REIT may be affected by changes in the value of the underlying property, while a mortgage REIT may be affected by the quality of the credit extended. The performance of both types of REITs depends upon conditions in the real estate industry, management skills and the amount of cash flow. The risks associated with REITs include defaults by borrowers, self-liquidation, failure to qualify as a pass-through entity under the federal tax law, failure to qualify as an exempt entity under the 1940 Act and the fact that REITs are not diversified.

Repurchase Agreements

A Fund may enter into repurchase agreements with banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System or securities dealers who are members of a national securities exchange or are primary dealers in U.S. government securities. Repurchase agreements generally are for a short period of time, usually less than a week. Under a repurchase agreement, a Fund purchases a U.S. government security and simultaneously agrees to sell the security back to the seller at a mutually agreed-upon future price and date, normally one day or a few days later. The resale price is greater than the purchase price, reflecting an agreed-upon market interest rate during a Fund’s holding period. While the maturities of the underlying securities in repurchase agreement transactions may be more than one year, the term of each repurchase agreement always will be less than one year. Repurchase agreements with a maturity of more than seven days are considered to be illiquid investments. No Fund may enter into such a repurchase agreement if, as a result, more than 15% of the value of its net assets would then be invested in such repurchase agreements and other illiquid investments. See “Illiquid Investments and Restricted Securities” above.

A Fund will always receive, as collateral, securities whose market value, including accrued interest, at all times will be at least equal to 100% of the dollar amount invested by a Fund in each repurchase agreement. In the event of default or bankruptcy by the seller, a Fund will liquidate those securities (whose market value, including accrued interest, must be at least 100% of the amount invested by a Fund) held under the applicable repurchase agreement, which securities constitute collateral for the seller’s obligation to repurchase the security. If the seller defaults, a Fund might incur a loss if the value of the collateral securing the repurchase agreement declines and might incur disposition costs in connection with liquidating the collateral. In addition, if bankruptcy or similar proceedings are

 

18


commenced with respect to the seller of the security, realization upon the collateral by a Fund may be delayed or limited.

Reverse Repurchase Agreements

A Fund may borrow by entering into reverse repurchase agreements with the same parties with whom it may enter into repurchase agreements. Under a reverse repurchase agreement, a Fund sells securities and agrees to repurchase them at a mutually agreed to price. At the time a Fund enters into a reverse repurchase agreement, it will establish and maintain a segregated account with an approved custodian containing liquid high-grade securities, marked-to-market daily, having a value not less than the repurchase price (including accrued interest). Reverse repurchase agreements involve the risk that the market value of securities retained in lieu of sale by a Fund may decline below the price of the securities a Fund has sold but is obliged to repurchase. If the buyer of securities under a reverse repurchase agreement files for bankruptcy or becomes insolvent, such buyer or its trustee or receiver may receive an extension of time to determine whether to enforce a Fund’s obligation to repurchase the securities. During that time, a Fund’s use of the proceeds of the reverse repurchase agreement effectively may be restricted. Reverse repurchase agreements create leverage, a speculative factor, and are considered borrowings for the purpose of a Fund’s limitation on borrowing.

Short Sales

A Fund may engage in short sale transactions under which a Fund sells a security it does not own. To complete such a transaction, a Fund must borrow the security to make delivery to the buyer. A Fund then is obligated to replace the security borrowed by purchasing the security at the market price at the time of replacement. The price at such time may be more or less than the price at which the security was sold by a Fund. Until the security is replaced, a Fund is required to pay to the lender amounts equal to any dividends that accrue during the period of the loan. The proceeds of the short sale will be retained by the broker, to the extent necessary to meet the margin requirements, until the short position is closed out.

Until a Fund closes its short position or replaces the borrowed stock, a Fund will: (1) maintain an account containing cash or liquid assets at such a level that (a) the amount deposited in the account plus the amount deposited with the broker as collateral will equal the current value of the stock sold short and (b) the amount deposited in the account plus the amount deposited with the broker as collateral will not be less than the market value of the stock at the time the stock was sold short; or (2) otherwise cover a Fund’s short position.

Swap Agreements

A Fund may enter into swap agreements. Swap agreements are generally two-party contracts entered into primarily by institutional investors for periods ranging from a day to more than one year. In a standard “swap” transaction, two parties agree to exchange the returns (or differentials in rates of return) earned or realized on particular predetermined investments or instruments. The gross returns to be exchanged or “swapped” between the parties are calculated with respect to a “notional amount,” i.e., the return on or increase in value of a particular dollar amount invested in a “basket” of securities representing a particular index. Some swaps are, and more in the future will be, centrally cleared. Swaps that are centrally-cleared are subject to the creditworthiness of the clearing organizations involved in the transaction. For example, an investor could lose margin payments it has deposited with the clearing organization as well as the net amount of gains not yet paid by the clearing organization if it breaches its agreement with the investor or becomes insolvent or goes into bankruptcy. In the event of bankruptcy of the clearing organization, the investor may be entitled to the net amount of gains the investor is entitled to receive plus the return of margin owed to it only in proportion to the amount received by the clearing organization’s other customers, potentially resulting in losses to the investor.

Most swap agreements entered into by a Fund calculate the obligations of the parties to the agreement on a “net basis.” Consequently, a Fund’s current obligations (or rights) under a swap agreement generally will be equal to the net amount to be paid or received under the agreement based on the relative values of the positions held by each party to the agreement (the “net amount”). Payments may be made at the conclusion of a swap agreement or periodically during its term.

 

19


Swap agreements do not involve the delivery of securities or other underlying assets. Accordingly, if a swap is entered into on a net basis, if the other party to a swap agreement defaults, a Fund’s risk of loss consists of the net amount of payments that such Fund is contractually entitled to receive, if any.

The net amount of the excess, if any, of a Fund’s obligations over its entitlements with respect to a swap agreement entered into on a net basis will be accrued daily and an amount of cash or liquid asset having an aggregate NAV at least equal to the accrued excess will be maintained in an account with the Custodian that satisfies the 1940 Act. A Fund also will establish and maintain such accounts with respect to its total obligations under any swaps that are not entered into on a net basis. Obligations under swap agreements so covered will not be construed to be “senior securities” for purposes of a Fund’s investment restriction concerning senior securities.

Because they are generally two-party contracts and may have terms of greater than seven days, swap agreements may be considered to be illiquid for a Fund’s illiquid investment limitations. A Fund will not enter into any swap agreement unless Rafferty believes that the other party to the transaction is creditworthy. A Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received under a swap agreement in the event of the default or bankruptcy of a swap agreement counterparty.

A Fund may enter into a swap agreement with respect to an index in circumstances where Rafferty believes that it may be more cost effective or practical than buying the underlying securities represented by such index or a futures contract or an option on such index. The counterparty to any swap agreement will typically be a bank, investment banking firm or broker-dealer. The counterparty will generally agree to pay a Fund the amount, if any, by which the notional amount of the swap agreement would have increased in value had it been invested in the particular stocks represented in the index, plus the dividends that would have been received on those stocks. A Fund will agree to pay to the counterparty a floating rate of interest on the notional amount of the swap agreement plus the amount, if any, by which the notional amount would have decreased in value had it been invested in such stocks. Therefore, the return to a Fund on any swap agreement should be the gain or loss on the notional amount plus dividends on the stocks less the interest paid by a Fund on the notional amount.

The swap market has grown substantially in recent years with a large number of banks and investment banking firms acting both as principals and as agents utilizing standardized swap documentation. In addition, as discussed above, some swaps currently are, and more in the future will be, centrally cleared, which affects how swaps are transacted. As a result, the swap market has become relatively liquid in comparison with the markets for other similar instruments that are traded in the OTC market. Rafferty, under the supervision of the Board, is responsible for determining and monitoring the liquidity of Fund transactions in swap agreements.

The use of equity swaps is a highly specialized activity that involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions.

Unrated Debt Securities

A Fund may also invest in unrated debt securities. Unrated debt, while not necessarily lower in quality than rated securities, may not have as broad a market. Because of the size and perceived demand for the issue, among other factors, certain issuers may decide not to pay the cost of getting a rating for their bonds. The creditworthiness of the issuer, as well as any financial institution or other party responsible for payments on the security, will be analyzed to determine whether to purchase unrated bonds.

U.S. Government Securities

A Fund may invest in securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or its agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. government securities”) in pursuit of its investment objective, in order to deposit such securities as initial or variation margin, as “cover” for the investment techniques it employs, as part of a cash reserve or for liquidity purposes.

U.S. government securities are high-quality instruments issued or guaranteed as to principal or interest by the U.S. Treasury or by an agency or instrumentality of the U.S. government. Not all U.S. government securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. Some are backed by the right of the issuer to borrow from the U.S.

 

20


Treasury; others are backed by discretionary authority of the U.S. government to purchase the agencies’ obligations; while others are supported only by the credit of the instrumentality. In the case of securities not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States, the investor must look principally to the agency issuing or guaranteeing the obligation for ultimate repayment.

U.S. government securities include U.S. Treasury Bills (which mature within one year of the date they are issued), U.S. Treasury Notes (which have maturities of one to ten years) and U.S. Treasury Bonds (which generally have maturities of more than 10 years). All such U.S. Treasury securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States.

U.S. government agencies and instrumentalities that issue or guarantee securities include the Federal Housing Administration, Fannie Mae®, the Farmers Home Administration, the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Small Business Administration, Ginnie Mae®, the General Services Administration, the Central Bank for Cooperatives, the Federal Home Loan Banks, Freddie Mac®, the Farm Credit Banks, the Maritime Administration, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Resolution Funding Corporation and the Student Loan Marketing Association (“Sallie Mae®”).

In September 2008, the U.S. Treasury Department (“U.S. Treasury”) and the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) announced that Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® had been placed in conservatorship. Since that time, Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® have received significant capital support through U.S. Treasury preferred stock purchases, as well as U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve purchases of their mortgage backed securities (“MBS”). The FHFA and the U.S. Treasury (through its agreement to purchase Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® preferred stock) have imposed strict limits on the size of their mortgage portfolios. While the MBS purchase programs ended in 2010, the U.S. Treasury continued its support for the entities’ capital as necessary to prevent a negative net worth through at least 2012. From the end of 2007 through the first quarter of 2014, Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® required U.S. Treasury support of approximately $187.5 billion through draws under the preferred stock purchase agreements. However, they have repaid approximately $203 billion in senior preferred dividends to the U.S. Treasury over the same period. Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® ended the second quarter of 2014 with positive net worth and, as a result, neither required a draw from the U.S. Treasury. In April 2014, FHFA projected that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac would require no additional draws from Treasury through the end of 2015. However, FHFA also conducted a stress test mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act, which suggested that in a “severely adverse scenario” additional Treasury support of between $84.4 billion and $190 billion (depending on the treatment of deferred tax assets) might be required. Nonetheless, no assurance can be given that the Federal Reserve or the U.S. Treasury will ensure that Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® remain successful in meeting their obligations with respect to the debt and mortgage-backed securities that they issue.

In addition, the problems faced by Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac®, resulting in their being placed into federal conservatorship and receiving significant U.S. government support, have sparked serious debate among federal policy makers regarding the continued role of the U.S. government in providing liquidity for mortgage loans. In December 2011, Congress enacted the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act (“TCCA”) of 2011 which, among other provisions, requires that Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® increase their single-family guaranty fees by at least 10 basis points and remit this increase to Treasury with respect to all loans acquired by Fannie Mae® or Freddie Mac® on or after April 1, 2012 and before January 1, 2022. Serious discussions among policymakers continue, however, as to whether Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® should be nationalized, privatized, restructured, or eliminated altogether. Fannie Mae reported in the second quarter of 2014 that there was “significant uncertainty regarding the future of our company, including how long the company will continue to exist in its current form, the extent of our role in the market, what form we will have, and what ownership interest, if any, our current common and preferred stockholders will hold in us after the conservatorship is terminated and whether we will continue to exist following conservatorship.” Freddie Mac faces similar uncertainty about its future role. Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac® also are the subject of several continuing legal actions and investigations over certain accounting, disclosure, or corporate governance matters, which (along with any resulting financial restatements) may continue to have an adverse effect on the guaranteeing entities.

Yields on short-, intermediate- and long-term U.S. government securities are dependent on a variety of factors, including the general conditions of the money and bond markets, the size of a particular offering and the maturity of the obligation. Debt securities with longer maturities tend to produce higher capital appreciation and depreciation

 

21


than obligations with shorter maturities and lower yields. The market value of U.S. government securities generally varies inversely with changes in the market interest rates. An increase in interest rates, therefore, generally would reduce the market value of a Fund’s portfolio investments in U.S. government securities, while a decline in interest rates generally would increase the market value of a Fund’s portfolio investments in these securities.

U.S. Government Sponsored Enterprises (“GSEs”)

GSE securities are securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or its agencies or instrumentalities. Some obligations issued by GSEs and instrumentalities are supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Treasury; others by the right of the issuer to borrow from the U.S. Treasury; others by discretionary authority of the U.S. government to purchase certain obligations of the agency or instrumentality; and others only by the credit of the agency or instrumentality. Those securities bear fixed, floating or variable rates of interest. Interest may fluctuate based on generally recognized reference rates or the relationship of rates. While the U.S. government currently provides financial support to such GSEs or instrumentalities, no assurance can be given that it will always do so, since it is not so obligated by law.

Certain U.S. government debt securities, such as securities of the Federal Home Loan Banks, are supported by the right of the issuer to borrow from the U.S. Treasury. Others, such as securities issued by Fannie Mae® and Freddie Mac®, are supported only by the credit of the corporation. In the case of securities not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States, a fund must look principally to the agency issuing or guaranteeing the obligation in the event the agency or instrumentality does not meet its commitments. The U.S. government may choose not to provide financial support to GSEs or instrumentalities if it is not legally obligated to do so. A fund will invest in securities of such instrumentalities only when Rafferty is satisfied that the credit risk with respect to any such instrumentality is comparatively minimal.

When-Issued Securities

A Fund may enter into firm commitment agreements for the purchase of securities on a specified future date. A Fund may purchase, for example, new issues of fixed-income instruments on a when-issued basis, whereby the payment obligation, or yield to maturity, or coupon rate on the instruments may not be fixed at the time of transaction. A Fund will not purchase securities on a when-issued basis if, as a result, more than 15% of its net assets would be so invested. If a Fund enters into a firm commitment agreement, liability for the purchase price and the rights and risks of ownership of the security accrue to a Fund at the time it becomes obligated to purchase such security, although delivery and payment occur at a later date. Accordingly, if the market price of the security should decline, the effect of such an agreement would be to obligate a Fund to purchase the security at a price above the current market price on the date of delivery and payment. During the time a Fund is obligated to purchase such a security, it will be required to segregate assets with an approved custodian in an amount sufficient to settle the transaction.

Zero-Coupon Securities

A Fund may invest in zero-coupon securities of any rating or maturity. Zero-coupon securities make no periodic interest payment, but are sold at a deep discount from their face value (“original issue discount” or “OID”). The buyer recognizes a rate of return determined by the gradual appreciation of the security, which is redeemed at face value on a specified maturity date. The original issue discount varies depending on the time remaining until maturity, as well as market interest rates, liquidity of the security, and the issuer’s perceived credit quality. If the issuer defaults, a Fund may not receive any return on its investment. Because zero-coupon securities bear no interest and compound semi-annually at the rate fixed at the time of issuance, their value generally is more volatile than the value of other fixed-income securities. Since zero-coupon security holders do not receive interest payments, when interest rates rise, zero-coupon securities fall more dramatically in value than securities paying interest on a current basis. When interest rates fall, zero-coupon securities rise more rapidly in value because the securities reflect a fixed rate of return. An investment in zero-coupon and delayed interest securities (which do not make interest payments until after a specified time) may cause a Fund to recognize income and to be required to make distributions thereof to shareholders before it receives any cash payments on its investment. Thus, a Fund could be required at times to liquidate other investments to satisfy distribution requirements. See “Payment-In-Kind Securities and Strips” below and “Dividends, Other Distributions and Taxes – Income from Zero-Coupon and Payment-in-Kind Securities.”

 

22


Other Investment Risks and Practices

Borrowing. A Fund may borrow money for investment purposes, which is a form of leveraging. Leveraging investments, by purchasing securities with borrowed money, is a speculative technique that increases investment risk while increasing investment opportunity. Leverage will magnify changes in a Fund’s NAV and on a Fund’s investments. Although the principal of such borrowings will be fixed, a Fund’s assets may change in value during the time the borrowing is outstanding. Leverage also creates interest expenses for a Fund. To the extent the income derived from securities purchased with borrowed funds exceeds the interest a Fund will have to pay, that Fund’s net income will be greater than it would be if leverage were not used. Conversely, if the income from the assets obtained with borrowed funds is not sufficient to cover the cost of leveraging, the net income of a Fund will be less than it would be if leverage were not used, and therefore the amount available for distribution to shareholders as dividends will be reduced. The use of derivatives in connection with leverage creates the potential for significant loss.

A Fund may borrow money to facilitate management of a Fund’s portfolio by enabling a Fund to meet redemption requests when the liquidation of portfolio instruments would be inconvenient or disadvantageous. Such borrowing is not for investment purposes and will be repaid by the borrowing Fund promptly.

As required by the 1940 Act, a Fund must maintain continuous asset coverage (total assets, including assets acquired with borrowed funds, less liabilities exclusive of borrowings) of 300% of all amounts borrowed. If at any time the value of the required asset coverage declines as a result of market fluctuations or other reasons, a Fund may be required to sell some of its portfolio investments within three days to reduce the amount of its borrowings and restore the 300% asset coverage, even though it may be disadvantageous from an investment standpoint to sell portfolio instruments at that time.

Lending Portfolio Securities. A Fund may lend portfolio securities with a value not exceeding 33 1/3% of its total assets to brokers, dealers, and financial institutions. Borrowers are required continuously to secure their obligations to return securities on loan from a Fund by depositing any combination of short-term government securities, shares of registered and unregistered money market funds and cash as collateral with a Fund. The collateral must be equal to at least 100% of the market value of the loaned securities, which will be marked to market daily. The value of this collateral could decline, causing the Fund to experience a loss. While a Fund’s portfolio securities are on loan, a Fund continues to receive interest on the securities loaned and simultaneously earns either interest on the investment of the collateral or fee income if the loan is otherwise collateralized. A Fund may invest the interest received and the collateral, thereby earning additional income. Loans would be subject to termination by the lending Fund on a four-business days’ notice or by the borrower on a one-day notice. Borrowed securities must be returned when the loan is terminated. Any gain or loss in the market price of the borrowed securities that occurs during the term of the loan inures to the lending Fund and that Fund’s shareholders. A lending Fund may pay reasonable finders, borrowers, administrative and custodial fees in connection with a loan. A Fund could lose money from securities lending if, for example, it is delayed or prevented from selling the collateral after a loan is made, in recovering the securities loaned or if the Fund incurs losses on the reinvestment of cash collateral. Each Fund currently has no intention of lending its portfolio securities.

Portfolio Turnover. The Trust anticipates that each Fund’s annual portfolio turnover will vary. A Fund’s portfolio turnover rate is calculated by the value of the securities purchased or securities sold, excluding all securities whose maturities at the time of acquisition were one year or less, divided by the average monthly value of such securities owned during the year. Based on this calculation, instruments with remaining maturities of less than one year are excluded from the portfolio turnover rate. Such instruments generally would include futures contracts and options, since such contracts generally have a remaining maturity of less than one year. In any given period, all of a Fund’s investments may have a remaining maturity of less than one year; in that case, the portfolio turnover rate for that period would be equal to zero. However, each Fund’s portfolio turnover rate calculated with all securities whose maturities were one year or less is anticipated to be unusually high.

High portfolio turnover involves correspondingly greater expenses to a Fund, including brokerage commissions or dealer mark-ups and other transaction costs on the sale of securities and reinvestments in other securities. Such sales also may result in adverse tax consequences to a Fund’s shareholders resulting from its distributions of increased net

 

23


capital gains, if any, recognized as a result of the sales. The trading costs and tax effects associated with portfolio turnover may adversely affect a Fund’s performance.

Correlation and Tracking Risk

Several factors may affect a Fund’s ability to obtain its daily leveraged investment objective. Among these factors are: (1) Fund expenses, including brokerage expenses and commissions (which may be increased by high portfolio turnover); (2) less than all of the securities in the Index being held by a Fund and securities not included in the Index being held by a Fund; (3) an imperfect correlation between the performance of instruments held by a Fund, such as futures contracts and options, and the performance of the underlying securities in the cash market comprising the Index; (4) bid-ask spreads; (5) a Fund holding instruments that are illiquid or the market for which becomes disrupted; (6) the need to conform a Fund’s portfolio holdings to comply with that Fund’s investment restrictions or policies, or regulatory or tax law requirements; and (7) market movements that run counter to the Fund’s investments (which will cause divergence between the Fund and the Index over time due to the mathematical effects of leveraging).

While index futures and options contracts closely correlate with the applicable indices over long periods, shorter-term deviation, such as on a daily basis, does occur with these instruments. As a result, a Fund’s short-term performance will reflect such deviation from the Index.

Even if there is a perfect correlation between a Fund and the leveraged or inverse leveraged return of the Index on a daily basis, the symmetry between the changes in the Index and the changes in a Fund’s NAV can be altered significantly over time by a compounding effect. For example, if the Bull Fund achieved a perfect leveraged correlation with the Index on every trading day over an extended period and the level of returns of the Index significantly increased during that period, a compounding effect for that period would result, causing an increase in the Bull Fund’s NAV by a percentage that is somewhat greater than the percentage that the Index’s returns decreased. Conversely, if the Bear Fund maintained a perfect inverse leveraged correlation with the Index over an extended period and if the level of returns of the Index significantly increased over that period, a compounding effect would result, causing a decrease of the Bear Fund’s NAV by a percentage that would be somewhat less than the percentage that the Index returns increased.

Leverage

Each Fund intends regularly to use leveraged investment techniques in pursuing its investment objectives. Utilization of leverage involves special risks and should be considered to be speculative. Leverage exists when a Fund achieves the right to a return on a capital base that exceeds the amount the Fund has invested. Leverage creates the potential for greater gains to shareholders of a Fund during favorable market conditions and the risk of magnified losses during adverse market conditions. Leverage is likely to cause higher volatility of the NAVs of each Fund’s Shares. Leverage may involve the creation of a liability that does not entail any interest costs or the creation of a liability that requires a Fund to pay interest which would decrease the Fund’s total return to shareholders. If each Fund achieves its investment objective, during adverse market conditions, shareholders should experience a loss greater than they would have incurred had a Fund not been leveraged.

Special Note Regarding the Correlation Risks of the Funds. As discussed in the Prospectus, each Fund is “leveraged” in the sense that each has an investment objective to match 200% or -200% of the performance of the Index on a given day. Each Fund is subject to all of the correlation risks described in the Prospectus. In addition, there is a special form of correlation risk that derives from each Fund’s use of leverage, which is that for periods greater than one day, the use of leverage tends to cause the performance of a Fund to be either greater than, or less than, 200% or -200% of the performance of the Index.

A Fund’s return for periods longer than one day is primarily a function of the following:

 

  a)

Index performance;

 

  b)

Index volatility;

 

  c)

financing rates associated with leverage;

 

24


  d)

other fund expenses;

 

  e)

dividends paid by companies in the Index; and

 

  f)

period of time.

The performance for a Fund can be estimated given any set of assumptions for the factors described above. The tables below illustrate the impact of two factors, Index volatility and Index performance, on a Fund. Index volatility is a statistical measure of the magnitude of fluctuations in the returns of an index and is calculated as the standard deviation of the natural logarithms of one plus the index return (calculated daily), multiplied by the square root of the number of trading days per year (assumed to be 252). The tables show estimated Fund returns for a number of combinations of Index performance and Index volatility over a one year period. Assumptions used in the tables include: a) no dividends paid by the companies included in the Index; b) no fund expenses; and c) borrowing/lending rates (to obtain leverage) of zero percent. If fund expenses were included, a Fund’s performance would be lower than shown.

As shown in the tables below, the Bull Fund would be expected to lose 6.1% and the Bear Fund would be expected to lose 17.1% if the Index provided no return over a one year period during which the Index experienced annualized volatility of 25%. If the Index’s annualized volatility were to rise to 75%, the hypothetical loss for a one year period widens to approximately 43% for the Bull Fund and 81.5% for the Bear Fund.

At higher ranges of volatility, there is a chance of a near complete loss of value even if the Index is flat. For instance, if the Index’s annualized volatility is 100%, it is likely that the Bull Fund would lose 82% of its value if the Index had a return of -60%, and the Bear Fund would lose approximately 95% of its value, even if the cumulative Index return for the year was 0%.

In the tables below, areas shaded green represent those scenarios where a Fund with the investment objective described will outperform (i.e., return more than) the Index performance times the stated multiple in the Fund’s investment objective; conversely areas shaded red represent those scenarios where the Fund will underperform (i.e., return less than) the Index performance times the stated multiple in the Fund’s investment objective.

The tables below are intended to underscore the fact that the Funds are designed as short-term trading vehicles for investors who intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. They are not intended to be used by, and are not appropriate for, investors who do not intend to actively monitor and manage their portfolios. For additional information regarding correlation and volatility risk for the Funds, see “Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk” in the Prospectus.

 

25


Bull Fund

 

LOGO

Bear Fund

 

LOGO

The foregoing tables are intended to isolate the effect of Index volatility and Index performance on the return of a Fund. A Fund’s actual returns may be significantly greater or less than the returns shown above as a result of any of factors discussed above or under “Effects of Compounding and Market Volatility Risk” in the Prospectus.

INVESTMENT RESTRICTIONS

The Trust, on behalf of each Fund, has adopted the following investment policies which are fundamental policies that may not be changed without the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund, as defined by the 1940 Act. As defined by the 1940 Act, a “vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund” means the affirmative vote of the lesser of (1) more than 50% of the outstanding shares of the Fund or

 

26


(2) 67% or more of the shares present at a meeting, if more than 50% of the outstanding shares are represented at the meeting in person or by proxy.

Each Fund’s investment objective is a non-fundamental policy of the Fund. Non-fundamental policies may be changed by the Board without shareholder approval.

For purposes of the following limitations, all percentage limitations apply immediately after a purchase or initial investment. Except with respect to borrowing money, if a percentage limitation is adhered to at the time of the investment, a later increase or decrease in the percentage resulting from any change in value or net assets will not result in a violation of such restrictions. If at any time a Fund’s borrowings exceed its limitations due to a decline in net assets, such borrowings will be reduced promptly to the extent necessary to comply with the limitation.

Each Fund may not:

 

1.

Borrow money, except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief.

 

2.

Issue senior securities, except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief.

 

3.

Make loans, except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief.

 

4.

Except for any Fund that is “concentrated” in an industry or group of industries within the meaning of the 1940 Act, purchase the securities of any issuer (other than securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or any of its agencies or instrumentalities) if, as a result, 25% or more of the Fund’s total assets would be invested in the securities of companies whose principal business activities are in the same industry, however, a Fund, which tracks an underlying index, will concentrate its investment in a particular industry or group of industries to approximately the same extent that its underlying index is so concentrated.

 

5.

Purchase or sell real estate, except that, to the extent permitted by applicable law, each Fund may (a) invest in securities or other instruments directly secured by real estate, and (b) invest in securities or other instruments issued by issuers that invest in real estate.

 

6.

Purchase or sell commodities or commodity contracts unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities or other instruments issued by persons that purchase or sell commodities or commodities contracts; but this shall not prevent a Fund from purchasing, selling and entering into financial futures contracts (including futures contracts on indices of securities, interest rates and currencies), and options on financial futures contracts (including futures contracts on indices of securities, interest rates and currencies), warrants, swaps, forward contracts, foreign currency spot and forward contracts and other financial instruments.

 

7.

Underwrite securities issued by others, except to the extent that a Fund may be considered an underwriter within the meaning of the 1933 Act in the disposition of restricted securities or other investment company securities.

PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS AND BROKERAGE

Subject to the general supervision by the Trustees, Rafferty is responsible for decisions to buy and sell securities for each Fund, the selection of broker-dealers to effect the transactions, and the negotiation of brokerage commissions, if any. Rafferty expects that a Fund may execute brokerage or other agency transactions through registered broker-dealers, for a commission, in conformity with the 1940 Act, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

When selecting a broker or dealer to execute portfolio transactions, Rafferty considers many factors, including the rate of commission or the size of the broker-dealer’s “spread,” the size and difficulty of the order, the nature of the

 

27


market for the security, operational capabilities of the broker-dealer and the research, statistical and economic data furnished by the broker-dealer to Rafferty.

In effecting portfolio transactions for a Fund, Rafferty seeks to receive the closing prices of securities that are in line with those of the securities included in the Index and seeks to execute trades of such securities at the lowest commission rate reasonably available. With respect to agency transactions, Rafferty may execute trades at a higher rate of commission if reasonable in relation to brokerage and research services provided to a Fund or Rafferty. Such services may include the following: information as to the availability of securities for purchase or sale; statistical or factual information or opinions pertaining to investment; wire services; and appraisals or evaluations of portfolio securities. Each Fund believes that the requirement always to seek the lowest possible commission cost could impede effective portfolio management and preclude a Fund and Rafferty from obtaining a high quality of brokerage and research services. In seeking to determine the reasonableness of brokerage commissions paid in any transaction, Rafferty relies upon its experience and knowledge regarding commissions generally charged by various brokers and on its judgment in evaluating the brokerage and research services received from the broker effecting the transaction.

Rafferty may use research and services provided to it by brokers in servicing all Funds; however, not all such services may be used by Rafferty in connection with a Fund. While the receipt of such information and services is useful in varying degrees and generally would reduce the amount of research or services otherwise performed by Rafferty, this information and these services are of indeterminable value and would not reduce Rafferty’s investment advisory fee to be paid by a Fund.

Purchases and sales of U.S. government securities normally are transacted through issuers, underwriters or major dealers in U.S. government securities acting as principals. Such transactions are made on a net basis and do not involve payment of brokerage commissions. The cost of securities purchased from an underwriter usually includes a commission paid by the issuer to the underwriters; transactions with dealers normally reflect the spread between bid and asked prices.

No brokerage commissions are provided for the Funds because they had not commenced operations prior to the date of this SAI.

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS INFORMATION

Disclosure of a Fund’s complete holdings is required to be made quarterly within 60 days of the end of each fiscal quarter in the Annual Report and Semi-Annual Report to Fund shareholders and in the quarterly holdings report on Form N-Q. These reports are available, free of charge, on the EDGAR database on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, each Fund’s portfolio holdings will be made available on the Funds’ website at www.direxioninvestments.com each day the Funds are open for business.

The portfolio composition file (“PCF”) and the IIV, which contain portfolio holdings information, is made available daily, including to the Funds’ service providers to facilitate the provision of services to the Funds and to certain other entities as necessary for transactions in Creation Units. Such entities may be limited to National Securities Clearing Corporation (“NSCC”) members, subscribers to various fee-based services, investors that have entered into an authorized participant agreement with the Distributor and the transfer agent or purchase Creation Units through a dealer that has entered into such an agreement (“Authorized Participants”), and other institutional market participants that provide information services. Each business day, Fund portfolio holdings information will be provided to the Distributor or other agent for dissemination through the facilities of the NSCC and/or through other fee-based services to NSCC members and/or subscribers to the fee-based services, including Authorized Participants, and to entities that publish and/or analyze such information in connection with the process of purchasing or redeeming Creation Units or trading shares of Funds in the secondary market.

Daily access to the PCF file and IIV is permitted to: (i) certain personnel of service providers that are involved in portfolio management and providing administrative, operational, or other support to portfolio management; (ii) Authorized Participants through NSCC, and (iii) other personnel of the Adviser and the Funds’ distributor, administrator, custodian and fund accountant who are involved in functions which may require such information to conduct business in the ordinary course.

 

28


From time to time, rating and ranking organizations such as Standard & Poor’s® and Morningstar®, Inc. may request complete portfolio holdings information in connection with rating a Fund. To prevent such parties from potentially misusing the complete portfolio holdings information, a Fund will generally only disclose such information no earlier than one business day following the date of the information. Portfolio holdings information made available in connection with the creation/redemption process may be provided to other entities that provide additional services to the Funds in the ordinary course of business after it has been disseminated to the NSCC.

In addition, the Funds’ President may grant exceptions to permit additional disclosure of the complete portfolio holdings information at differing times and with differing lag times to rating agencies and to the parties noted above, provided that (1) a Fund has a legitimate business purpose for doing so; (2) it is in the best interests of shareholders; (3) the recipient is subject to a confidentiality agreement; and (4) the recipient is subject to a duty not to trade on the nonpublic information. The Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”) shall report any disclosures made pursuant to this exception to the Board.

MANAGEMENT OF THE TRUST

The Board of Trustees

The Trust is governed by its Board of Trustees (the “Board”). The Board is responsible for and oversees the overall management and operations of the Trust and the Funds, which includes the general oversight and review of the Funds’ investment activities, in accordance with federal law and the law of the State of Delaware, as well as the stated policies of the Funds. The Board oversees the Trust’s officers and service providers, including Rafferty, which is responsible for the management of the day-to-day operations of the Funds based on policies and agreements reviewed and approved by the Board. In carrying out these responsibilities, the Board regularly interacts with and receives reports from senior personnel of service providers, including personnel from Rafferty and U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC (“USBFS”). The Board also is assisted by the Trust’s independent auditor (who reports directly to the Trust’s Audit Committee), independent counsel and other professionals as appropriate.

Risk Oversight

Consistent with its responsibility for oversight of the Trust and the Funds, the Board oversees the management of risks relating to the administration and operation of the Trust and the Funds. Rafferty, as part of its responsibilities for the day-to-day operations of the Funds, is responsible for day-to-day risk management for the Funds. The Board, in the exercise of its reasonable business judgment performs its risk management oversight directly and, as to certain matters, through its committees (described below) and through the Independent Trustees. The following provides an overview of the principal, but not all, aspects of the Board’s oversight of risk management for the Trust and the Funds.

The Board has adopted, and periodically reviews, policies and procedures designed to address risks to the Trust and the Funds. In addition, under the general oversight of the Board, Rafferty and other service providers to the Funds have themselves adopted a variety of policies, procedures and controls designed to address particular risks to the Funds. Different processes, procedures and controls are employed with respect to different types of risks.

The Board also oversees risk management for the Trust and the Funds through review of regular reports, presentations and other information from officers of the Trust and other persons. The Trust’s CCO and senior officers of Rafferty regularly report to the Board on a range of matters, including those relating to risk management. The Board also regularly receives reports from Rafferty and USBFS with respect to the Funds’ investments. In addition to regular reports from these parties, the Board also receives reports regarding other service providers to the Trust, either directly or through Rafferty, USBFS or the CCO, on a periodic or regular basis. At least annually, the Board receives a report from the CCO regarding the effectiveness of the Funds’ compliance program. Also, on an annual basis, the Board receives reports, presentations and other information from Rafferty in connection with the Board’s consideration of the renewal of each of the Trust’s agreements with Rafferty and the Trust’s distribution plan under Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act.

The CCO reports regularly to the Board on Fund valuation matters. The Audit Committee receives regular reports from the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm on internal control and financial reporting matters.

 

29


On at least a quarterly basis, the Independent Trustees meet with the CCO to discuss matters relating to the Funds’ compliance program.

Board Structure and Related Matters

Board members who are not “interested persons” of the Funds as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the 1940 Act (“Independent Trustees”) constitute two-thirds of the Board. The Trustees discharge their responsibilities collectively as a Board, as well as through Board committees, each of which operates pursuant to a charter approved by the Board that delineates the specific responsibilities of that committee. The Board has established three standing committees: the Audit Committee, the Nominating and Governance Committee and the Qualified Legal Compliance Committee. For example, the Audit Committee is responsible for specific matters related to oversight of the Funds’ independent auditors, subject to approval of the Audit Committee’s recommendations by the Board. The members and responsibilities of each Board committee are summarized below.

The Board periodically evaluates its structure and composition as well as various aspects of its operations. The Chairman of the Board is not an Independent Trustee and the Board has chosen not to have a lead Independent Trustee. However, the Board believes that its leadership structure, including its Independent Trustees and Board committees, is appropriate for the Trust in light of, among other factors, the asset size and nature of the Funds, the number of series overseen by the Board, the arrangements for the conduct of the Funds’ operations, the number of Trustees, and the Board’s responsibilities. On an annual basis, the Board conducts a self-evaluation that considers, among other matters, whether the Board and its committees are functioning effectively and whether, given the size and composition of the Board and each of its committees, the Trustees are able to oversee effectively the number of portfolios in the complex.

The Trust is part of the Direxion Family of Investment Companies, which is comprised of the 121 portfolios within the Trust, 16 portfolios within the Direxion Funds and 3 portfolios within the Direxion Insurance Trust. The same persons who constitute the Board also constitute the Board of Trustees of the Direxion Funds and the Direxion Insurance Trust.

The Board holds four regularly scheduled in-person meetings each year. The Board may hold special meetings, as needed, either in person or by telephone, to address matters arising between regular meetings. During a portion of each in-person meeting, the Independent Trustees meet outside of management’s presence. The Independent Trustees may hold special meetings, as needed, either in person or by telephone.

The Trustees of the Trust are identified in the tables below, which provide information regarding their age, business address and principal occupation during the past five years including any affiliation with Rafferty, the length of service to the Trust, and the position, if any, that they hold on the board of directors of companies other than the Trust as of December 31, 2014. Each of the Trustees of the Trust also serve on the Board of the Direxion Funds and Direxion Insurance Trust, the other registered investment companies in the Direxion mutual fund complex. Unless otherwise noted, an individual’s business address is 1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor, New York, New York 10019.

 

30


Interested Trustees

 

  Name, Address and Age    Position(s)
Held with
Fund
  

Term of
Office and
Length of
Time

Served

   Principal
Occupation(s) During
Past Five Years
   # of
Portfolios in
Direxion
Family of
Investment
Companies
Overseen by
Trustee(3)
   Other
Trusteeships/
Directorships Held
by Trustee During
Past Five Years

  Daniel D. O’Neill(1)

  Age: 47

   Chairman of the Board of Trustees   

Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2008

 

   Managing Director of Rafferty, 1999-present.    140    None.

  Eric W. Falkeis(2)

  Age: 41

   Trustee    Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2014   

Chief Operating Officer, since April 2014, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC; formerly, President Rafferty Asset Management, LLC, March 2013 – April 2014; formerly, Senior Vice President, USBFS, September 2007 – March 2013; Chief Financial Officer, USBFS, April 2006 – March 2013; Vice President, USBFS, 1997-2007; formerly, Chief Financial Officer, Quasar Distributors, LLC (2000-2003).

 

   140   

Trustee, Professionally Managed Portfolios (45 Funds).

 

31


Independent Trustees

 

  Name, Address and Age    Position(s)
Held with
Fund
  

Term of
Office and
Length of
Time

Served

   Principal
Occupation(s) During
Past Five Years
   # of
Portfolios in
Direxion
Family of
Investment
Companies
Overseen by
Trustee(3)
   Other
Trusteeships/
Directorships Held
by Trustee During
Past Five Years

  Gerald E. Shanley III

  Age: 71

   Trustee    Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2008   

Retired, Since 2002; Business Consultant, 1985-present; Trustee of Trust Under Will of Charles S. Payson, 1987-present; C.P.A., 1979-present.

 

   140    None.

  John A. Weisser

  Age: 73

   Trustee    Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2008    Retired, Since 1995; Salomon Brothers, Inc., 1971-1995, most recently as Managing Director.    140   

Director, The MainStay Funds Trust (39 Funds), The MainStay Funds (12 Funds), MainStay VP Fund Series (29 Funds), Mainstay Defined Term Municipal Opportunities Fund (1 Fund); Private Advisors Alternative Strategy Fund (1 Fund); Private Advisors Alternative Strategies Master Fund (1 Fund).

 

  David L. Driscoll

  Age: 46

   Trustee    Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2014   

Partner, King Associates, LLP, since 2004; Board Advisor, University Common Real Estate, since 2012; Principal, Grey Oaks LLP since 2003; Member, Kendrick LLC, since 2006.

 

   140    None.

  Jacob C. Gaffey

  Age: 67

   Trustee    Lifetime of Trust until removal or resignation; Since 2014   

Managing Director of Loomis & Co. since 2012; Partner, Bay Capital Advisors, LLC 2008 – 2012.

 

   140    Director, Costa, Inc. (formerly A.T. Cross, Inc.).
(1) 

Mr. O’Neill is affiliated with Rafferty. Mr. O’Neill is the Managing Director of Rafferty and owns a beneficial interest in Rafferty.

(2) 

Mr. Falkeis is affiliated with Rafferty. Mr. Falkeis is the Chief Operating Officer of Rafferty.

 

32


(3) 

The Direxion Family of Investment Companies consists of the Direxion Shares ETF Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 72 of the 121 funds registered with the SEC, the Direxion Funds which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 16 funds registered with the SEC and the Direxion Insurance Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 3 funds registered with the SEC.

In addition to the information set forth in the tables above and other relevant qualifications, experience, attributes or skills applicable to a particular Trustee, the following provides further information about the qualifications and experience of each Trustee.

Daniel D. O’Neill: Mr. O’Neill has extensive experience in the investment management business, including as managing director of Rafferty. Mr. O’Neill has been the Managing Director of Rafferty since 1999.

Eric W. Falkeis: Mr. Falkeis has extensive experience in the financial services business. He is a certified public accountant. Prior to joining Rafferty in 2013, Mr. Falkeis was Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of USBFS. USBFS provides fund administration, fund accounting and transfer agency services to registered investment companies and non-registered investment companies. Mr. Falkeis is currently the Chief Operating Officer of Rafferty.

Gerald E. Shanley III: Mr. Shanley has extensive audit experience and spent ten years in the tax practice of an international public accounting firm. He is a certified public accountant and has a JD degree. He has extensive business experience as the president of a closely held manufacturing company, a director of several closely held companies, a business and tax consultant and a trustee of a private investment trust. He has served on the boards of several charitable and not for profit organizations. He also has multiple years of service as a Trustee.

John A. Weisser: Mr. Weisser has extensive experience in the investment management business, including as managing director of an investment bank and a director of other registered investment companies. He also has multiple years of service as a Trustee.

David L. Driscoll has extensive experience with risk assessment and strategic planning as a partner and manager of various real estate partnerships and companies.

Jacob C. Gaffey has extensive experience with providing investment banking and valuation services to various companies. Mr. Gaffey has been a director and a member of an audit committee of a public company since 2011.

Board Committees

The Trust has an Audit Committee, consisting of Messrs. Weisser, Shanley, Driscoll and Gaffey. The members of the Audit Committee are Independent Trustees. The primary responsibilities of the Trust’s Audit Committee are, as set forth in its charter, to make recommendations to the Board Members as to: the engagement or discharge of the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm (including the audit fees charged by the auditors); the supervision of investigations into matters relating to audit matters; the review with the independent registered public accounting firm of the results of audits; and addressing any other matters regarding audits. The Audit Committee met four times during the Trust’s most recent fiscal year.

The Trust also has a Nominating and Governance Committee, consisting of Messrs. Weisser, Shanley, Driscoll and Gaffey, each of whom is an Independent Trustee. The primary responsibilities of the Nominating and Governance Committee are to make recommendations to the Board on issues related to the composition and operation of the Board, and communicate with management on those issues. The Nominating and Governance Committee also evaluates and nominates Board member candidates. The Nominating and Governance Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders. Such recommendations should be in writing and addressed to a Fund with attention to the Nominating and Governance Committee Chair. The recommendations must include the following Preliminary Information regarding the nominee: (1) name; (2) date of birth; (3) education; (4) business professional or other relevant experience and areas of expertise; (5) current business and home addresses and contact information; (6) other board positions or prior experience; and (7) any knowledge and experience relating to investment companies and investment company governance. The Nominating and Governance Committee met once during the Trust’s most recent fiscal year.

 

33


The Trust has a Qualified Legal Compliance Committee, consisting of Messrs. Weisser, Shanley, Driscoll and Gaffey. The members of the Qualified Legal Compliance Committee are Independent Trustees of the Trust. The primary responsibility of the Trust’s Qualified Legal Compliance Committee is to receive, review and take appropriate action with respect to any report (“Report”) made or referred to the Committee by an attorney of evidence of a material violation of applicable U.S. federal or state securities law, material breach of a fiduciary duty under U.S. federal or state law or a similar material violation by the Trust or by any officer, director, employee or agent of the Trust. The Qualified Legal Compliance Committee did not meet during the Trust’s most recent fiscal year.

Principal Officers of the Trust

The officers of the Trust conduct and supervise its daily business. Unless otherwise noted, an individual’s business address is 1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor, New York, New York 10019. As of the date of this SAI, the officers of the Trust, their ages, their business address and their principal occupations during the past five years are as follows:

 

  Name, Address and Age    Position(s)
Held with
Fund
   Term of
Office and
Length of
Time Served
   Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years
  

# of
Portfolios in
the Direxion
Family of
Investment
Companies
Overseen

by Trustee(3)

   Other
Trusteeships/
Directorships Held
by Trustee During
Past Five Years

  Daniel D. O’Neill(1)

  Age: 47

  

Chief Executive Officer and Chief Investment Officer

 

   One Year; Since 2008    Managing Director of Rafferty, 1999-present.    140    N/A

  Eric W. Falkeis(2)

  Age: 41

   Principal Executive Officer    One Year; Since 2014   

Chief Operating Officer, since April 2014, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC; formerly, President, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC, March 2013 – April 2014; formerly, Senior Vice President, USBFS, September 2007 – March 2013; Chief Financial Officer, USBFS, April 2006 – March 2013; Vice President, USBFS, 1997-2007; formerly, Chief Financial Officer, Quasar Distributors, LLC (2000-2003).

 

   140    Trustee, Professionally Managed Portfolios (45 Funds).

 

34


  Name, Address and Age    Position(s)
Held with
Fund
   Term of
Office and
Length of
Time Served
   Principal Occupation(s)
During Past Five Years
  

# of
Portfolios in
the Direxion
Family of
Investment
Companies
Overseen

by Trustee(3)

  

Other

Trusteeships/
Directorships Held
by Trustee During
Past Five Years

  Brian Jacobs

  Age: 54

   President    One Year; Since 2014   

President, since April 2014, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC; formerly, Managing Partner, Jacobs Strategic Consulting (2012-2014); formerly, Chief Executive Officer, Hatteras Funds (2010-2012); formerly, Chief Distribution Officer, Baron Capital (2009); formerly, Managing Director, Allianz Global Investors (2000-2008).

 

   N/A    Formerly, Board Member, Wheelhouse Analytics; formerly, Board Member, Raise Hope Foundation.

  Patrick J. Rudnick

  Age: 41

   Principal Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary   

One Year;

Since 2010

  

Senior Vice President and Principal Financial Officer, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC, since March 2013; formerly Vice President, USBFS (2006-2013); formerly, Manager, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (1999-2006).

 

   N/A    N/A

  Angela Brickl

  Age: 39

  

Chief Compliance Officer

 

Secretary

  

One Year;

Since 2012

 

One Year; Since 2011

  

General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, Rafferty Asset Management, LLC, since October 2010; Summer Associate at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, LLP, May – August 2009; Summer Associate at Foley & Lardner, LLP May - August 2008; Vice President USBFS November 2003 – August 2007.

 

   N/A    N/A
(1) 

Mr. O’Neill serves as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Direxion Funds, Direxion Insurance Trust and Direxion Shares ETF Trust.

(2) 

Mr. Falkeis serves as a Trustee of the Direxion Funds, Direxion Insurance Trust and Direxion Shares ETF Trust.

(3) 

The Direxion Family of Investment Companies consists of the Direxion Shares ETF Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 72 of the 121 funds registered with the SEC, the Direxion Funds which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 16 funds registered with the SEC and the Direxion Insurance Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 3 funds registered with the SEC.

 

35


Because the Funds had not commenced operations prior to December 31, 2014, no Trustee owned Shares of the Funds as of the calendar year ended December 31, 2014.

The following table shows the amount of equity securities owned in the Direxion Family of Investment Companies by the Trustees as of the calendar year ended December 31, 2014:

 

Dollar Range of

Equity

Securities

Owned:

  Interested Trustees:   Independent Trustees:
    Daniel D.
O’Neill
  Eric W.

    Falkeis    

  Gerald E.
Shanley III
  John Weisser   David L.
Driscoll
  Jacob C.

Gaffey

Aggregate Dollar Range of Equity Securities in the Direxion Family of Investment Companies(1)   Over
$100,000    
  $50,001-
$100,000
  $0   $1-$10,000   $0   $0
(1) 

The Direxion Family of Investment Companies consists of the Direxion Shares ETF Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 72 of the 121 funds registered with the SEC, the Direxion Funds which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 16 funds registered with the SEC and the Direxion Insurance Trust which, as of the date of this SAI, offers for sale to the public 3 funds registered with the SEC.

The Trust’s Trust Instrument provides that the Trustees will not be liable for errors of judgment or mistakes of fact or law. However, they are not protected against any liability to which they would otherwise be subject by reason of willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of their office.

No officer, director or employee of Rafferty receives any compensation from the Funds for acting as a Trustee or officer of the Trust. The following table shows the compensation earned by each Trustee for the Trust’s fiscal year ended October 31, 2014:

 

  Name of Person, Position   Aggregate
Compensation
From the
Funds(1)
  Pension or Retirement
Benefits Accrued As
Part of the Trust’s
Expenses
  Estimated
Annual Benefits
Upon Retirement
  Aggregate
Compensation
From the Direxion
Family of
Investment
Companies Paid to
the Trustees(2)

  Interested Trustees

       

  Daniel D. O’Neill

  $0   $0   $0   $0

  Eric W. Falkeis(3)

  $0   $0   $0   $0

  Independent Trustees

       

  Gerald E. Shanley III

  $75,000   $0   $0   $100,000

  John A. Weisser

  $75,000   $0   $0   $100,000

  David L. Driscoll(3)

  $5,000   $0   $0   $6,667

  Jacob C. Gaffey(3)

 

  $5,000

 

  $0

 

  $0

 

  $6,667

 

  (1) 

Costs associated with Trustee compensation are allocated across the operational funds based on the net assets of each fund in the Trust.

  (2) 

For the fiscal year ended October 31, 2014, Trustees’ fees and expenses in the amount of $160,000 were incurred by the Trust.

 

36


  (3) 

Mr. Falkeis, Mr. Driscoll and Mr. Gaffey were elected to the Board of the Trust on September 10, 2014.

Principal Shareholders, Control Persons and Management Ownership

A principal shareholder is any person who owns of record or beneficially 5% or more of the outstanding shares of a Fund. A control person is a shareholder that owns beneficially or through controlled companies more than 25% of the voting securities of a company or acknowledges the existence of control. Shareholders owning voting securities in excess of 25% may determine the outcome of any matter affecting and voted on by shareholders of a Fund.

Because the Funds had not commenced operations prior to the date of this SAI, the Funds did not have control persons or principal shareholders and the Trustees and officers did not own shares of the Funds.

Investment Adviser

Rafferty Asset Management, LLC, 1301 Avenue of the Americas (6th Avenue), 35th Floor, New York, New York 10019, provides investment advice to the Funds. Rafferty was organized as a New York limited liability company in June 1997.

Under an Investment Advisory Agreement (“Advisory Agreement”) between the Trust, on behalf of each Fund, and Rafferty dated August 13, 2008, Rafferty provides a continuous investment program for each Fund’s assets in accordance with its investment objectives, policies and limitations, and oversees the day-to-day operations of a Fund, subject to the supervision of the Trustees. Rafferty bears all costs associated with providing these advisory services and the expenses of the Trustees who are affiliated with or interested persons of Rafferty. The Trust bears all other expenses that are not assumed by Rafferty as described in the Prospectus. The Trust also is liable for nonrecurring expenses as may arise, including litigation to which a Fund may be a party. The Trust also may have an obligation to indemnify its Trustees and officers with respect to any such litigation.

The Advisory Agreement was initially approved by the Trustees (including all Independent Trustees) and Rafferty, as sole shareholder of each Fund in compliance with the 1940 Act on February 6, 2014. The Advisory Agreement with respect to each Fund will continue in force for an initial period of two years after the date of its approval. Thereafter, the Advisory Agreement will be renewable from year to year with respect to each Fund, so long as its continuance is approved at least annually (1) by the vote, cast in person at a meeting called for that purpose, of a majority of the Independent Trustees of the Trust; and (2) by the majority vote of either the full Board or the vote of a majority of the outstanding shares of a Fund. The Advisory Agreement automatically terminates on assignment and is terminable on a 60-day written notice either by the Trust or Rafferty.

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, each Fund pays Rafferty 0.75% at an annual rate based on its average daily net assets.

No advisory fees are provided for the Funds because they had not commenced operations prior to the date of this SAI.

Each Fund is responsible for its own operating expenses. Rafferty has entered into an Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with each Fund. Under this Operating Expense Limitation Agreement, Rafferty has contractually agreed to cap all or a portion of its management fee and/or reimburse each Fund for Other Expenses (excluding, as applicable, among other expenses, taxes, leverage interest, dividends or interest on short positions, other interest expenses, brokerage commissions, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization and extraordinary expenses such as litigation) through September 1, 2017 to the extent that each Fund’s Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses exceeds 0.95% of each Fund’s daily net assets. Any expense cap is subject to reimbursement by a Fund only within the following three years only if overall expenses fall below these percentage limitations. This agreement may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the Board upon notice to the Adviser and without the approval of Fund shareholders. The agreement may be terminated by the Adviser only with the consent of the Board.

Rafferty shall not be liable to the Trust or any shareholder for anything done or omitted by it, except acts or omissions involving willful misfeasance, bad faith, negligence or reckless disregard of the duties imposed upon it by its agreement with the Trust or for any losses that may be sustained in the purchase, holding or sale of any security.

 

37


Pursuant to Section 17(j) of the 1940 Act and Rule 17j-1 thereunder, the Trust and Rafferty have adopted Codes of Ethics. These codes permit portfolio managers and other access persons of a Fund to invest in securities that may be owned by a Fund, subject to certain restrictions.

Portfolio Managers

Paul Brigandi and Tony Ng are jointly and primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Funds. An investment trading team of Rafferty employees assists Mr. Brigandi and Mr. Ng in the day-to-day management of the Funds subject to their primary responsibility and oversight. The Portfolio Managers work with the investment trading team to decide the target allocation of each Fund’s investments and on a day-to-day basis, an individual portfolio trader executes transactions for the Funds consistent with the target allocation. The members of the investment trading team rotate among the various series of the Trust, including the Funds, periodically so that no single individual is assigned to a specific Fund for extended periods of time.

In addition to the Funds, Mr. Brigandi and Mr. Ng manage the following other accounts as of June 30, 2015:

 

  Accounts  

Total

Number of
        Accounts        

 

Total Assets  

    (in Billions)    

  Total Number of  
Accounts with
Performance
        Based Fees        
 

Total Assets of
Accounts

with

Performance
        Based Fees        

  Registered Investment Companies

  70   $9.94   0   $0

  Other Pooled Investment Vehicles

  0   $0   0   $0

  Other Accounts

  0   $0   0   $0

Rafferty manages no other accounts with investment objectives similar to those of the Funds. In addition, two or more funds advised by Rafferty may invest in the same securities but the nature of each investment (long or short) may be opposite and in different proportions. Rafferty ordinarily executes transactions for a Fund “market-on-close,” in which funds purchasing or selling the same security receive the same closing price.

Rafferty has not identified any additional material conflicts between a Fund and other accounts managed by the investment team. However, the portfolio managers’ management of “other accounts” may give rise to potential conflicts of interest in connection with their management of a Fund’s investments, on the one hand, and the investments of other accounts, on the other. The other accounts may have the same investment objective as the Funds. Therefore, a potential conflict of interest may arise as a result of the identical investment objectives, whereby the portfolio managers could favor one account over and devote unequal time and attention to a Fund and other accounts. Another potential conflict could include the portfolio managers’ knowledge about size, timing and possible market impact of Fund trades, whereby a portfolio manager could use this information to the advantage of other accounts and to the disadvantage of a Fund. This could create potential conflicts of interest resulting in a Fund paying higher fees or one investment vehicle out performing another. The Adviser has established policies and procedures to ensure that the purchase and sale of securities among all accounts it manages are fairly and equitably allocated.

The investment team’s compensation is paid by Rafferty. Their compensation primarily consists of a fixed base salary and a bonus. The investment team’s salary is reviewed annually and increases are determined by factors such as performance and seniority. Bonuses are determined by the individual performance of an employee including factors such as attention to detail, process, and efficiency, and are impacted by the overall performance of the firm. The investment team’s salary and bonus are not based on a Fund’s performance and as a result, no benchmarks are used. Along with all other employees of Rafferty, the investment team may participate in the firm’s 401(k) retirement plan where Rafferty may make matching contributions up to a defined percentage of their salary.

Mr. Brigandi and Mr. Ng did not own any shares of the Funds as of June 30, 2015.

 

38


Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

The Board has adopted proxy voting policies and procedures (“Proxy Policies”) wherein the Trust has delegated to Rafferty the responsibility for voting proxies relating to portfolio securities held by a Fund as part of their investment advisory services, subject to the supervision and oversight of the Board. The Proxy Voting Policies of Rafferty are attached as Appendix B. Notwithstanding this delegation of responsibilities, however, each Fund retains the right to vote proxies relating to its portfolio securities. The fundamental purpose of the Proxy Policies is to ensure that each vote will be in a manner that reflects the best interest of a Fund and their shareholders, taking into account the value of a Fund’s investments.

More Information. The actual voting records relating to portfolio securities for future 12-month periods ending June 30 will be available without charge, upon request by calling toll-free, 1-866-476-7523 or by accessing the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Fund Administrator, Fund Accounting Agent, Transfer Agent and Custodian

U.S. Bancorp Fund Services, LLC, 615 East Michigan Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, serves as the Funds’ administrator. The Bank of New York Mellon, One Wall Street, New York, New York 10286, serves as the Funds’ transfer agent, and custodian. Rafferty also performs certain administrative services for the Funds.

Pursuant to a Fund Administration and Servicing Agreement between the Trust and USBFS, USBFS provides the Trust with administrative and management services (other than investment advisory services). As compensation for these services, the Trust pays USBFS a fee based on the Trust’s total average daily net assets. USBFS also is entitled to certain out-of-pocket expenses.

Pursuant to an Accounting Agreement between the Trust and BNYM, BNYM provides the Trust with accounting services, including portfolio accounting services, tax accounting services and furnishing financial reports. As compensation for these accounting services, the Trust pays BNYM a fee based on the Trust’s total average daily net assets of 0.03% and a minimum annual complex fee of approximately $160,000. BNYM also is entitled to certain out-of-pocket expenses for the services mentioned above, including pricing expenses.

Pursuant to a Custodian Agreement, BNYM serves as the custodian of a Fund’s assets. The custodian holds and administers the assets in a Fund’s portfolios. Pursuant to the Custodian Agreement, the custodian receives an annual fee based on the Trust’s total average daily net assets of 0.0075% and certain settlement charges. The custodian also is entitled to certain out-of-pocket expenses.

No administrative and accounting services fees or custodian fees are shown for the Funds because they had not commenced operations prior to the date of this SAI.

Distributor

Foreside Fund Services, LLC, located at 3 Canal Plaza, Suite 100, Portland, Maine 04101, serves as the distributor (“Distributor”) in connection with the continuous offering of each Fund’s shares. The Distributor is a broker-dealer registered with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. The Trust offers Shares of the Funds for sale through the Distributor in Creation Units, as described below. The Distributor will not sell or redeem Shares in quantities less than Creation Units. The Distributor will deliver a Prospectus to persons purchasing Creation Units and will maintain records of Creation Unit orders placed and confirmations furnished by it. Pursuant to a written agreement, the Adviser pays the Distributor for distribution-related services. For the fiscal year ended October 31, 2014, the Distributor received $590,291 as compensation from Rafferty for distribution services for each series of the Trust. The Funds were not operational as of October 31, 2014, therefore Rafferty did not pay fees for distribution services for the Funds.

 

39


The Adviser may pay certain broker-dealers, banks and other financial intermediaries for participating in activities that are designed to make registered representatives and other professionals more knowledgeable about exchange-traded products, including the Fund, or for other activities such as participating in marketing activities and presentations, educational training programs, conferences, the development of technology platforms and reporting systems. The Adviser had arrangements to make payments based on an annual fee for its services, as well as based on the average daily assets held by Schwab customers in certain funds managed by the Adviser, for services other than for the educational programs and marketing activities described above, only to Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. (“Schwab”). Pursuant to the arrangement with Schwab, Schwab has agreed to promote select funds managed by the Adviser, to Schwab’s customers and not to charge certain of its customers any commissions when those customers purchase or sell shares of those funds. Payments to a broker-dealer or intermediary may create potential conflicts of interest between the broker-dealer or intermediary and its clients. These amounts, which may be significant, are paid by the Adviser from its own resources and not from the assets of funds managed by the Adviser. Although a portion of the Adviser’s revenue comes directly or indirectly in part from fees paid by the Fund, other ETFs advised by the Adviser or other exchange-traded products, these payments do not increase the price paid by investors for the purchase of shares of, or the cost of owning, the Fund or other funds managed by the Adviser.

Distribution Plan

Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act, as amended, (the “Rule”) provides that an investment company may bear expenses of distributing its shares only pursuant to a plan adopted in accordance with the Rule. The Trustees have adopted a Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan (“Rule 12b-1 Plan”) pursuant to which each Fund may pay certain expenses incurred in the distribution of its shares and the servicing and maintenance of existing shareholder accounts. The Distributor, as the Funds’ principal underwriter, and Rafferty may have a direct or indirect financial interest in the Rule 12b-1 Plan or any related agreement. Pursuant to the Rule 12b-1 Plan, each Fund may pay a fee of up to 0.25% of the Fund’s average daily net assets. No Rule 12b-1 fee is currently being charged to the Funds.

The Rule 12b-1 Plan was approved by the Board, including a majority of the Independent Trustees of the Funds. In approving the Rule 12b-1 Plan, the Trustees determined that there is a reasonable likelihood that the Rule 12b-1 Plan will benefit each Fund and its shareholders. The Trustees will review quarterly and annually a written report provided by the Treasurer of the amounts expended under the Rule 12b-1 Plan and the purpose for which such expenditures were made.

The Rule 12b-1 Plan permits payments to be made by each Fund to the Distributor or other third parties for expenditures incurred in connection with the distribution of Fund shares to investors and the provision of certain shareholder services. The distributor or other third parties are authorized to engage in advertising, the preparation and distribution of sales literature and other promotional activities on behalf of each Fund. In addition, the Rule 12b-1 Plan authorizes payments by each Fund to the Distributor or other third parties for the cost related to selling or servicing efforts, preparing, printing and distributing Fund prospectuses, statements of additional information, and shareholder reports to investors.

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Ernst & Young LLP (“EY”), 5 Times Square New York, New York 10036 is the independent registered public accounting firm for the Trust.

Legal Counsel

The Trust has selected K&L Gates LLP, 1601 K Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20006, as its legal counsel.

DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE

A fund’s share price is known as its NAV. Each Fund’s share price is calculated as of the close of regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), usually 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time (“Valuation Time”), each day the NYSE is open for business (“Business Day”). The NYSE is open for business Monday through Friday, except in observation of the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, President’s Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, July 4th, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. The NYSE may close early on the

 

40


business day before each of these holidays and on the day after Thanksgiving Day. NYSE holiday schedules are subject to change without notice.

If the exchange or market on which certain Funds’ investments are primarily traded closes early, the NAV may be calculated prior to its normal calculation time. Creation/redemption transaction order time cutoffs would also be accelerated. The value of a Fund’s assets that trade in markets outside the United States or in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar may fluctuate when foreign markets are open but a Fund is not open for business.

A security listed or traded on an exchange, domestic or foreign, is valued at its last sales price on the principal exchange on which it is traded prior to the time when assets are valued. If no sale is reported at that time, the mean of the last bid and asked prices is used. Securities primarily traded on the NASDAQ Global Market® (“NASDAQ®”) for which market quotations are readily available shall be valued using the NASDAQ® Official Closing Price (“NOCP”) provided by NASDAQ® each business day. The NOCP is the most recently reported price as of 4:00:02 p.m. Eastern Time, unless that price is outside the range of the “inside” bid and asked prices’ in that case, NASDAQ® will adjust the price to equal the inside bid or asked price, whichever is closer. If the NOCP is not available, such securities shall be valued at the last sale price on the day of valuation, or if there has been no sale on such day, at the mean between the bid and asked prices.

When market quotations for options and futures positions held by a Fund are readily available, those positions will be valued based upon such quotations. Securities and other assets for which market quotations are not readily available, or for which Rafferty has reason to question the validity of quotations received, are valued at fair value by procedures as adopted by the Board.

For purposes of determining NAV per share of a Fund, options and futures contracts are valued at the last sales prices of the exchanges on which they trade. The value of a futures contract equals the unrealized gain or loss on the contract that is determined by marking the contract to the last sale price for a like contract acquired on the day on which the futures contract is being valued. The value of options on futures contracts is determined based upon the last sale price for a like option acquired on the day on which the option is being valued. A last sale price may not be used for the foregoing purposes if the market makes a limited move with respect to a particular instrument.

For valuation purposes, quotations of foreign securities or other assets denominated in foreign currencies are translated to U.S. Dollar equivalents using the net foreign exchange rate in effect at the close of the stock exchange in the country where the security is issued. Short-term debt instruments having a maturity of 60 days or less are valued at amortized cost, which approximates market value. If the Board determines that the amortized cost method does not represent the fair value of the short-term debt instrument, the investment will be valued at fair value as determined by procedures as adopted by the Board. U.S. government securities are valued at the mean between the closing bid and asked price provided by an independent third party pricing service (“Pricing Service”).

OTC securities held by a Fund will be valued at the last sales price or, if no sales price is reported, the mean of the last bid and asked price is used. The portfolio securities of a Fund that are listed on national exchanges are valued at the last sales price of such securities; if no sales price is reported, the mean of the last bid and asked price is used.

Swaps are valued based upon prices from third party vendor models or quotations from market makers to the extent available.

Dividend income and other distributions are recorded on the ex-distribution date.

Illiquid securities, securities for which reliable quotations or pricing services are not readily available, and all other assets not valued in accordance with the foregoing principles will be valued at their respective fair value as determined in good faith by, or under procedures established by, the Trustees, which procedures may include the delegation of certain responsibilities regarding valuation to Rafferty or the officers of the Trust. The officers of the Trust report, as necessary, to the Trustees regarding portfolio valuation determinations. The Trustees, from time to time, will review these methods of valuation and will recommend changes that may be necessary to assure that the investments of a Fund are valued at fair value.

 

41


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONCERNING SHARES

Organization and Description of Shares of Beneficial Interest

The Trust is a Delaware statutory trust and registered investment company. The Trust was organized on April 23, 2008, and has authorized capital of unlimited Shares of beneficial interest of no par value which may be issued in more than one class or series. Currently, the Trust consists of multiple separately managed series. The Board may designate additional series of beneficial interest and classify Shares of a particular series into one or more classes of that series.

All Shares of the Trust are freely transferable. The Shares do not have preemptive rights or cumulative voting rights, and none of the Shares have any preference to conversion, exchange, dividends, retirements, liquidation, redemption, or any other feature. Shares have equal voting rights, except that, in a matter affecting a particular series or class of Shares, only Shares of that series of class may be entitled to vote on the matter. Trust shareholders are entitled to require the Trust to redeem Creation Units of their Shares. The Trust Instrument confers upon the Broad of Trustees the power, by resolution, to alter the number of Shares constituting a Creation Unit or to specify that Shares of the Trust may be individually redeemable. The Trust reserves the right to adjust the stock prices of Shares of the Trust to maintain convenient trading ranges for investors. Any such adjustments would be accomplished through stock splits or reverse stock splits which would have no effect on the net assets of the applicable Fund.

Under Delaware law, the Trust is not required to hold an annual shareholders meeting if the 1940 Act does not require such a meeting. Generally, there will not be annual meetings of Trust shareholders. Trust shareholders may remove Trustees from office by votes cast at a meeting of Trust shareholders or by written consent. If requested by shareholders of at least 10% of the outstanding Shares of the Trust, the Trust will call a meeting of the Funds’ shareholders for the purpose of voting upon the question of removal of a Trustee of the Trust and will assist in communications with other Trust shareholders.

The Trust Instrument disclaims liability of the shareholders of the officers of the Trust for acts or obligations of the Trust which are binding only on the assets and property of the Trust. The Trust Instrument provides for indemnification from the Trust’s property for all loss and expense of any Fund shareholder held personally liable for the obligations of the Trust. The risk of a Trust shareholder incurring financial loss on account of shareholder liability is limited to circumstances in which the Funds would not be able to meet the Trust’s obligations and this risk, thus, should be considered remote.

If a Fund does not grow to a size to permit it to be economically viable, the Fund may cease operations. In such an event, investors may be required to liquidate or transfer their investments at an inopportune time.

Book Entry Only System

The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) acts as securities depositary for the Shares. Shares of each Fund are represented by global securities registered in the name of DTC or its nominee and deposited with, or on behalf of, DTC. Except as provided below, certificates will not be issued for Shares.

DTC has advised the Trust as follows: it is a limited-purpose trust company organized under the laws of the State of New York, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code, and a “clearing agency” registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act. DTC was created to hold securities of its participants (“DTC Participants”) and to facilitate the clearance and settlement of securities transactions among the DTC Participants in such securities through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of the DTC Participants, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of securities certificates. DTC Participants include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations, some of whom (and/or their representatives) own DTC. More specifically, DTC is owned by a number of its DTC Participants and by the NYSE, the AMEX and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. Access to the DTC system is also available to others such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a DTC Participant, either directly or indirectly (“Indirect Participants”). DTC agrees with and represents to DTC Participants that it will administer its book-entry system in accordance with its rules and by-laws and requirements of law. Beneficial ownership of Shares is limited to DTC Participants, Indirect Participants and persons holding interests through DTC Participants and

 

42


Indirect Participants. Ownership of beneficial interests in Shares (owners of such beneficial interests are referred to herein as “Beneficial owners”) is shown on, and the transfer of ownership is effected only through, records maintained by DTC (with respect to DTC Participants) and on the records of DTC Participants (with respect to Indirect Participants and Beneficial owners that are not DTC Participants). Beneficial owners will receive from or through the DTC Participant a written confirmation relating to their purchase of Shares. The laws of some jurisdictions may require that certain purchasers of securities take physical delivery of such securities in definitive form. Such laws may impair the ability of certain investors to acquire beneficial interests in Shares.

Beneficial owners of Shares are not entitled to have Shares registered in their names, will not receive or be entitled to receive physical delivery of certificates in definitive form and are not considered the registered holder thereof. Accordingly, each Beneficial owner must rely on the procedures of DTC, the DTC Participant and any Indirect Participant through which such Beneficial owner holds its interests, to exercise any rights of a holder of Shares. The Trust understands that under existing industry practice, in the event the Trust requests any action of holders of Shares, or a Beneficial owner desires to take any action that DTC, as the record owner of all outstanding Shares, is entitled to take, DTC would authorize the DTC Participants to take such action and that the DTC Participants would authorize the Indirect Participants and Beneficial owners acting through such DTC Participants to take such action and would otherwise act upon the instructions of Beneficial owners owning through them. As described above, the Trust recognizes DTC or its nominee as the owner of all Shares for all purposes. Conveyance of all notices, statements and other communications to Beneficial owners is effected as follows. Pursuant to the Depositary Agreement between the Trust and DTC, DTC is required to make available to the Trust upon request and for a fee to be charged to the Trust a listing of Share holdings of each DTC Participant. The Trust shall inquire of each such DTC Participant as to the number of Beneficial owners holding Shares, directly or indirectly, through such DTC Participant. The Trust shall provide each such DTC Participant with copies of such notice, statement or other communication, in such form, number and at such place as such DTC Participant may reasonably request, in order that such notice, statement or communication may be transmitted by such DTC Participant, directly or indirectly, to such Beneficial owners. In addition, the Trust shall pay to each such DTC Participant a fair and reasonable amount as reimbursement for the expenses attendant to such transmittal, all subject to applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.

Distributions of Shares shall be made to DTC or its nominee, Cede & Co., as the registered holder of all Shares. DTC or its nominee, upon receipt of any such distributions, shall credit immediately DTC Participants’ accounts with payments in amounts proportionate to their respective beneficial interests in Shares as shown on the records of DTC or its nominee. Payments by DTC Participants to Indirect Participants and Beneficial owners of Shares held through such DTC Participants will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as is now the case with securities held for the accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in a “street name,” and will be the responsibility of such DTC Participants. The Trust has no responsibility or liability for any aspects of the records relating to or notices to Beneficial owners, or payments made on account of beneficial ownership interests in such Shares, or for maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to such beneficial ownership interests or for any other aspect of the relationship between DTC and the DTC Participants or the relationship between such DTC Participants and the Indirect Participants and Beneficial owners owning through such DTC Participants.

DTC may determine to discontinue providing its service with respect to Shares at any time by giving reasonable notice to the Trust and discharging its responsibilities with respect thereto under applicable law. Under such circumstances, the Trust shall take action either to find a replacement for DTC to perform its functions at a comparable cost or, if such a replacement is unavailable, to issue and deliver printed certificates representing ownership of Shares, unless the Trust makes other arrangements with respect thereto satisfactory to the Exchange. The Trust will not make the DTC book-entry Dividend Reinvestment Service available for use by Beneficial Owners for reinvestment of their cash proceeds but certain brokers may make a dividend reinvestment service available to their clients. Brokers offering such services may require investors to adhere to specific procedures and timetables in order to participate. Investors interested in such a service should contact their broker for availability and other necessary details.

 

43


PURCHASES AND REDEMPTIONS

The Trust issues and redeems Shares of each Fund only in aggregations of Creation Units. The number of Shares of a Fund that constitute a Creation Unit for each Fund and the value of such Creation Unit as of each Fund’s inception were 50,000 and $2,000,000 for each Fund.

See “Purchase and Issuance of Shares in Creation Units” and “Redemption of Creation Units” below. The Board reserves the right to declare a split or a consolidation in the number of Shares outstanding of any Fund, and may make a corresponding change in the number of Shares constituting a Creation Unit, in the event that the per Shares price in the secondary market rises (or declines) to an amount that falls outside the range deemed desirable by the Board for any other reason.

Purchase and Issuance of Creation Units

The Trust issues and sells Shares only in Creation Units on a continuous basis through the Distributor, without a sales load, at their NAV next determined after receipt, on any Business Day (as defined above), of an order in proper form.

Creation Units of Shares may be purchased only by or through an Authorized Participant. Such Authorized Participant will agree pursuant to the terms of such Authorized Participant Agreement on behalf of itself or any investor on whose behalf it will act, as the case may be, to certain conditions, including that such Authorized Participant will make available an amount of cash sufficient to pay the Balancing Amount and the transaction fee described below. The Authorized Participant may require the investor to enter into an agreement with such Authorized Participant with respect to certain matters, including payment of the Balancing Amount. Investors who are not Authorized Participants must make appropriate arrangements with an Authorized Participant. Investors should be aware that their particular broker may not be a DTC Participant or may not have executed an Authorized Participant Agreement, and that therefore orders to purchase Creation Units of Shares may have to be placed by the investor’s broker through an Authorized Participant. As a result, purchase orders placed through an Authorized Participant may result in additional charges to such investor.

Creation Units also will be sold only for cash (“Cash Purchase Amount”) for the Bear Fund. Creation Units are sold at their NAV, plus a transaction fee, as described below.

Purchases through the Clearing Process (Bull Fund)

An Authorized Participant may place an order to purchase (or redeem) Creation Units (i) through the Continuous Net Settlement clearing processes of NSCC as such processes have been enhanced to effect purchases (and redemptions) of Creation Units, such processes being referred to herein as the “Enhanced Clearing Process,” or (ii) outside the Enhanced Clearing Process, being referred to herein as the Manual Clearing Process. To purchase or redeem through the Enhanced Clearing Process, an Authorized Participant must be a member of National Securities Clearing Corporation (“NSCC”) that is eligible to use the Continuous Net Settlement system. For purchase orders placed through the Enhanced Clearing Process, in the Authorized Participant Agreement the Participant authorizes the Transfer Agent to transmit to the NSCC, on behalf of an Authorized Participant, such trade instructions as are necessary to effect the Authorized Participant’s purchase order. Pursuant to such trade instructions to the NSCC, the Authorized Participant agrees to deliver the Portfolio Deposit and such additional information as may be required by the Transfer Agent or the Distributor. A purchase order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Authorized Participant Agreement, in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Authorized Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day.

The consideration for purchase of a Creation Unit of Shares of the Bull Fund consists of either cash or the Deposit Securities that is a representative sample of the securities in the Index, the Balancing Amount, and the appropriate Transaction Fee (collectively, the “Portfolio Deposit”). The Balancing Amount will be the amount equal to the differential, if any, between the total aggregate market value of the Deposit Securities and the NAV of the Creation Unit(s) being purchased and will be paid to, or received from, the Trust after the NAV has been calculated.

 

44


BNYM makes available through the NSCC on each Business Day, either immediately prior to the opening of business on the Exchange or the night before, the list of the names and the required number of shares of each Deposit Security to be included in the current Portfolio Deposit (based on information at the end of the previous Business Day) for the Bull Fund. Such Portfolio Deposit is applicable, subject to any adjustments as described below, in order to effect purchases of Creation Units of Shares of the Bull Fund until such time as the next-announced Portfolio Deposit is made available.

The identity and number of shares of the Deposit Securities required for the Bull Fund changes as rebalancing adjustments and corporate action events are reflected from time to time by Rafferty with a view to the investment objective of the Bull Fund. The composition of the Deposit Securities may also change in response to adjustments to the weighting or composition of the securities constituting the relevant securities index. In addition, the Trust reserves the right to permit or require the substitution of an amount of cash (i.e., a “cash in lieu” amount) to be added to the Balancing Amount to replace any Deposit Security which may not be available in sufficient quantity for delivery or for other similar reasons. The adjustments described above will reflect changes, known to Rafferty on the date of announcement to be in effect by the time of delivery of the Portfolio Deposit, in the composition of the subject index being tracked by the Bull Fund, or resulting from stock splits and other corporate actions.

In addition to the list of names and numbers of securities constituting the current Deposit Securities of a Portfolio Deposit, on each Business Day, the Balancing Amount effective through and including the previous Business Day, per outstanding Share of the Bull Fund, will be made available.

Shares may be issued in advance of receipt by the Trust of all or a portion of the applicable Deposit Securities as described below. In these circumstances, the initial deposit will have a greater value than the NAV of the Shares on the date the order is placed in proper form since, in addition to the available Deposit Securities, cash must be deposited in an amount equal to the sum of (i) the Balancing Amount, plus (ii) 115% of the market value of the undelivered Deposit Securities (the “Additional Cash Deposit”). An additional amount of cash shall be required to be deposited with the Trust, pending delivery of the missing Deposit Securities to the extent necessary to maintain the Additional Cash Deposit with the Trust in an amount at least equal to 115% of the daily marked to market value of the missing Deposit Securities. The Participation Agreement will permit the Trust to buy the missing Deposit Securities any time. Authorized Participants will be liable to the Trust for the costs incurred by the Trust in connection with any such purchases. These costs will be deemed to include the amount by which the actual purchase price of the Deposit Securities exceeds the market value of such Deposit Securities on the day the purchase order was deemed received by the Distributor plus the brokerage and related transaction costs associated with such purchases. The Trust will return any unused portion of the Additional Cash Deposit once all of the missing Deposit Securities have been properly received by the Custodian Bank or purchased by the Trust and deposited into the Trust. In addition, a transaction fee, as listed below, will be charged in all cases. The delivery of Shares so purchased will occur no later than the third Business Day following the day on which the purchase order is deemed received by the Distributor. Due to the schedule of holidays in certain countries, however, the delivery of Shares may take longer than three Business Days following the day on which the purchase order is received. In such cases, the local market settlement procedures will not commence until the end of local holiday periods. A list of local holidays in the foreign countries or markets relevant to the international funds is set forth under “Regular Foreign Holidays” below.

All questions as to the number of shares of each security in the Deposit Securities and the validity, form, eligibility and acceptance for deposit of any securities to be delivered shall be determined by the Trust, and the Trust’s determination shall be final and binding.

Purchases Through the Manual Clearing Process

An Authorized Participant that wishes to place an order to purchase Creation Units outside the Enhanced Clearing Process must state that it is not using the Enhanced Clearing Process and that the purchase instead will be effected through a transfer of securities and cash either through the Federal Reserve System (for cash and U.S. government securities) or directly through DTC. All Creation Unit purchases of the Bear Fund will be settled outside the Enhanced Clearing Process for cash equal to the Creation Unit’s NAV (“Cash Purchase Amount”). Purchases (and redemptions) of Creation Units of the Bull Fund settled outside the Enhanced Clearing Process will be subject to a higher Transaction Fee than those settled through the Enhanced Clearing Process. Purchase orders effected outside the Enhanced Clearing Process are likely to require transmittal by the Authorized Participant earlier on the

 

45


Transmittal Date than orders effected using the Enhanced Clearing Process. Those persons placing orders outside the Enhanced Clearing Process should ascertain the deadlines applicable to DTC and the Federal Reserve System (for cash and U.S. government securities) by contacting the operations department of the broker or depository institution effectuating such transfer of the Portfolio Deposit (for the Bull Fund), or of the Cash Purchase Amount (for the Bear Fund).

Rejection of Purchase Orders

The Trust reserves the absolute right to reject a purchase order transmitted to it by the Distributor in respect of any Fund if (a) the purchaser or group of purchasers, upon obtaining the shares ordered, would own 80% or more of the currently outstanding Shares of any Fund; (b) the Deposit Securities delivered are not as specified by Rafferty and Rafferty has not consented to acceptance of an in-kind deposit that varies from the designated Deposit Securities; (c) acceptance of the purchase transaction order would have certain adverse tax consequences to the Fund; (d) the acceptance of the purchase transaction order would, in the opinion of counsel, be unlawful; (e) the acceptance of the purchase transaction order would otherwise, in the discretion of the Trust or Rafferty, have an adverse effect on the Trust or the rights of beneficial owners; (f) the value of a Cash Purchase Amount, or the value of the Balancing Amount to accompany an in-kind deposit exceed a purchase authorization limit extended to an Authorized Participant by the custodian and the Authorized Participant has not deposited an amount in excess of such purchase authorization with the custodian by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the Transmittal Date; or (g) in the event that circumstances outside the control of the Trust, the Distributor and Rafferty make it impractical to process purchase orders. The Trust shall notify a prospective purchaser of its rejection of the order of such person. The Trust and the Distributor are under no duty, however, to give notification of any defects or irregularities in the delivery of purchase transaction orders nor shall either of them incur any liability for the failure to give any such notification.

Redemption of Creation Units

Shares may be redeemed only in Creation Units at their NAV next determined after receipt of a redemption request in proper form by the Distributor on any Business Day. The Trust will not redeem Shares in amounts less than Creation Units. Beneficial owners also may sell Shares in the secondary market, but must accumulate enough Shares to constitute a Creation Unit in order to have such Shares redeemed by the Trust. There can be no assurance, however, that there will be sufficient liquidity in the public trading market at any time to permit assembly of a Creation Unit of Shares. Investors should expect to incur brokerage and other costs in connection with assembling a sufficient number of Shares to constitute a redeemable Creation Unit.

Placement of Redemption Orders Using Enhanced Clearing Process (Bull Fund)

Orders to redeem Creation Units of the Funds through the Enhanced Clearing Process must be delivered through an Authorized Participant that is a member of NSCC that is eligible to use the Continuous Net Settlement System. A redemption order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Authorized Participant Agreement, in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Authorized Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day.

With respect to the Bull Fund, Rafferty makes available through the NSCC immediately prior to the opening of business on the Exchange on each day that the Exchange is open for business the Portfolio Securities that will be applicable (subject to possible amendment or correction) to redemption requests received in proper form (as defined below) on that day (“Redemption Securities”). These securities may, at times, not be identical to Deposit Securities which are applicable to a purchase of Creation Units.

The redemption proceeds for a Creation Unit consist of either cash or Redemption Securities, as announced by Rafferty through the NSCC on any Business Day, plus the Balancing Amount. The redemption transaction fee described below is deducted from such redemption proceeds.

Placement of Redemption Orders Outside Clearing Process (Bull Fund and Bear Fund)

Orders to redeem Creation Units of the Funds outside the Clearing Process must be delivered through a DTC Participant that has executed the Authorized Participant Agreement and, for the Fixed Income Funds, has the ability

 

46


to transact through the Federal Reserve System. A DTC Participant who wishes to place an order for redemption of Creation Units of a Fund to be effected outside the Clearing Process need not be an Authorized Participant, but such orders must state that the DTC Participant is not using the Clearing Process and that redemption of Creation Units will instead be effected through transfer of Shares directly through DTC or the Federal Reserve System (for cash and U.S. government securities). A redemption order must be received in good order by the transfer agent by 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time, whether transmitted by mail, through the transfer agent’s automated system, telephone, facsimile or other means permitted under the Authorized Participant Agreement, in order to receive that day’s NAV per Share. All other procedures set forth in the Authorized Participant Agreement must be followed in order for you to receive the NAV determined on that day. The order must be accompanied or preceded by the requisite number of Shares of the Funds specified in such order, which delivery must be made through DTC or the Federal Reserve System to the Custodian by the third Business Day following such Transmittal Date (“DTC Cut-Off Time”); and (iii) all other procedures set forth in the Authorized Participant Agreement must be properly followed.

For the Bull Fund, if it is not possible to effect deliveries of the Redemption Securities, the Fund may in its discretion exercise its option to redeem such Shares in cash, and the redeeming shareholder will be required to receive its redemption proceeds in cash. In addition, an investor may request a redemption in cash which the Fund may, in its sole discretion, permit. The Fund may also, in its sole discretion, upon request of a shareholder, provide such redeemer a portfolio of securities which differs from the exact composition of the Fund Securities but does not differ in NAV.

After the Transfer Agent has deemed an order for redemption of the Bull Fund’s shares outside the Clearing Process received, the Transfer Agent will initiate procedures to transfer the requisite Redemption Securities, which are expected to be delivered within three Business Days, and the Balancing Amount minus the Transaction Fee. In addition, with respect to Bull Fund redemptions honored in cash, the redeeming party will receive the Cash Redemption Amount by the third Business Day following the Transmittal Date on which such redemption order is deemed received by the Transfer Agent. Due to the schedule of holidays in certain countries, however, the receipt of the Cash Redemption Amount may take longer than three Business Days following the Transmittal Date. In such cases, the local market settlement procedures will not commence until the end of local holiday periods. See below for a list of local holidays in the foreign country relevant to the international funds.

The redemption proceeds for a Creation Unit of the Bear Fund will consist solely of cash in an amount equal to the NAV of the Shares being redeemed, as next determined after a receipt of a request in proper form, less the redemption transaction fee described below (“Cash Redemption Amount”).

In certain instances, Authorized Participants may create and redeem Creation Unit aggregations of the same Fund on the same trade date. In this instance, the Trust reserves the right to settle these transactions on a net basis.

The right of redemption may be suspended or the date of payment postponed with respect to any Fund (1) for any period during which the NYSE is closed (other than customary weekend and holiday closings); (2) for any period during which trading on the NYSE is suspended or restricted; (3) for any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which disposal of the shares of the Fund’s portfolio securities or determination of its NAV is not reasonably practicable; or (4) in such other circumstance as is permitted by the SEC.

Regular Foreign Holidays

The Funds generally intend to effect deliveries of Creation Units and portfolio securities on a basis of “T” plus three Business Days (i.e., days on which the national securities exchange is open). The Funds may effect deliveries of Creation Units and portfolio securities on a basis other than T plus three in order to accommodate local holiday schedules, to account for different treatment among foreign and U.S. markets of dividend record dates and ex-dividend dates or under certain other circumstances. The ability of the Trust to effect in-kind creations and redemptions within three Business Days of receipt of an order in good form is subject, among other things, to the condition that, within the time period from the date of the order to the date of delivery of the securities, there are no days that are holidays in the applicable foreign market. For every occurrence of one or more intervening holidays in the applicable foreign market that are not holidays observed in the U.S. equity market, the redemption settlement cycle will be extended by the number of such intervening holidays. In addition to holidays, other unforeseeable closings in a foreign market due to emergencies may also prevent the Trust from delivering securities within normal settlement periods. The securities delivery cycles currently practicable for transferring portfolio securities to

 

47


redeeming Authorized Participants, coupled with foreign market holiday schedules, will require a delivery process longer than seven calendar days for the international funds, in certain circumstances. The applicable holidays for certain foreign markets are listed in the table below. The proclamation of new holidays, the treatment by market participants of certain days as “informal holidays” (e.g., days on which no or limited securities transactions occur, as a result of substantially shortened trading hours), the elimination of existing holidays or changes in local securities delivery practices could affect the information set forth herein at some time in the future.

The dates from January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2015 in which the regular holidays affecting the relevant securities markets of the below listed countries are as follows:

 

    Australia    

  

Austria

  

Belgium

  

Brazil

  

Canada

  

Chile

  

China

January 1

January 26

March 9

April 2

April 3

April 6

June 8

August 3

October 5

November 3

December 24

December 25

December 28

December 31

  

January 1

January 6

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

May 25

June 4

October 26

December 8

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

April 3

April 6

May 1

December 25

  

January 1

February 16

February 17

February 18

April 3

April 21

May 1

June 4

July 9

September 7

October 12

November 2

November 20

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

February 9

February 16

April 3

May 18

June 24

July 1

August 3

September 7

October 12

November 11

December 25

December 28

  

January 1

April 3

May 1

May 21

June 29

July 16

September 18

October 12

December 8

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

January 19

February 16

February 18

February 19

February 20

February 23

February 24

April 3

April 6

April 7

May 1

May 25

June 22

July 1

July 3

September 7

September 28

October 1

October 2

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 12

October 21

November 11

November 26

December 25

 

    Colombia    

  

  Czech Republic  

  

Denmark

  

Egypt

  

Finland

  

France

  

Germany

January 1

January 12

March 23

April 2

April 3

May 1

May 18

June 8

June 15

August 7

August 17

October 12

November 2

November 16

December 8

December 25

  

January 1

April 6

May 1

May 8

July 6

September 28

October 28

November 17

December 24

December 25

  

January 1

April 2

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

May 15

May 25

June 5

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 7

January 25

April 12

April 13

July 1

July 19

July 23

September 23

September 24

October 6

October 13

December 24

  

January 1

January 6

April 2

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

June 19

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 8

May 14

May 25

July 14

November 11

December 25

  

January 1

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

May 25

June 4

December 24

December 25

December 31

 

48


    Greece    

  

Hong Kong

  

Hungary

  

India

  

Indonesia

  

Ireland

  

Israel

January 1

January 6

February 23

March 25

April 3

April 6

April 10

April 13

May 1

June 1

October 28

December 24

December 25

  

January 1

January 2

February 18

February 19

February 20

February 23

February 24

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 7

May 1

May 22

May 25

June 22

June 30

July 1

September 25

September 28

October 1

October 2

October 5

October 6

October 7

October 20

October 21

December 24

December 25

  

January 1

January 2

January 10

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 25

August 8

August 20

August 21

October 23

December 12

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 26

February 17

February 19

March 6

April 1

April 2

April 3

April 14

May 1

May 4

July 1

August 18

September 17

September 25

October 2

October 22

November 11

November 12

November 25

December 24

December 25

  

January 1

February 19

April 3

May 1

May 14

June 2

July 16

July 17

July 20

July 21

August 17

September 24

October 14

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 19

February 16

March 17

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 4

May 25

June 1

August 3

August 31

September 7

October 12

October 26

November 11

November 26

December 25

December 28

  

March 5

March 17

April 3

April 9

April 10

April 22

April 23

May 24

July 26

September 13

September 14

September 15

September 22

September 23

September 27

September 28

October 4

October 5

    Italy    

  

Japan

  

Korea

  

Malaysia

  

Mexico

  

Morocco

  

The Netherlands

January 1

January 6

April 3

April 6

May 1

June 2

December 8

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

January 12

February 11

March 21

April 29

May 4

May 5

May 6

July 20

September 21

September 22

September 23

October 12

November 3

November 23

December 23

December 31

  

January 1

February 18

February 19

February 20

May 1

May 5

May 25

September 28

September 29

October 9

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

February 2

February 3

February 19

February 20

May 1

May 4

July 17

August 31

September 16

September 24

October 14

November 10

December 24

December 25

  

January 1

February 2

March 16

April 2

April 3

May 1

September 16

November 20

December 25

  

January 1

January 5

May 1

July 30

August 14

August 20

August 21

September 23

October 13

November 6

November 18

  

January 1

April 3

April 6

May 1

December 25

December 31

 

49


    New Zealand    

  

Norway

  

Peru

  

The Philippines

  

Poland

  

Portugal

  

Russia

January 1

January 2

January 19

January 26

February 6

April 3

April 6

April 27

June 1

October 26

December 25

December 28

  

January 1

April 1

April 2

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

May 25

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

April 2

April 3

May 1

July 28

October 8

December 8

December 25

  

January 1

January 2

January 15

January 16

January 19

February 19

April 2

April 3

April 9

May 1

June 12

August 21

August 31

November 30

December 24

December 25

December 30

December 31

  

January 1

January 6

April 3

April 6

May 1

June 4

November 11

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

April 3

May 1

June 10

December 8

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

January 5

January 6

January 7

January 8

January 9

February 23

March 9

May 1

May 4

May 11

June 12

November 4

    Singapore    

  

South Africa

  

Spain

  

Sweden

  

Switzerland

  

Taiwan

  

Thailand

January 1

February 19

February 20

April 3

May 1

June 1

July 17

August 10

September 24

November 10

December 25

  

January 1

April 3

April 6

April 27

May 1

June 16

August 10

September 24

December 16

December 25

  

January 1

January 6

April 2

April 3

April 6

May 1

October 12

December 8

December 25

  

January 1

January 5

January 6

April 2

April 3

April 6

April 30

May 1

May 13

May 14

June 19

October 30

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

April 3

April 6

May 1

May 14

May 25

December 24

December 25

December 31

  

January 1

January 2

February 16

February 17

February 18

February 19

February 20

February 23

February 27

April 3

April 6

May 1

June 19

September 28

October 9

  

January 1

January 2

March 4

April 6

April 13

April 14

April 15

May 1

May 5

June 1

July 1

July 30

August 12

October 23

December 7

December 10

December 31

    Turkey    

  

United Ki