485APOS 1 d396704d485apos.htm 485APOS 485APOS

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 16, 2012

1933 Act Registration No. 333-148082

1940 Act Registration No. 811-22154

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM N-1A

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

   THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933    x
   Pre-Effective Amendment No.    ¨
   Post-Effective Amendment No. 46    x

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

   THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940    x
   Amendment No. 49    x

(Check appropriate box or boxes.)

 

 

Columbia ETF Trust

(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)

 

 

225 Franklin Street

Boston, MA 02110

(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800) 774-3768

 

 

With a copy to:

 

Christopher O. Petersen

c/o Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC

5228 Ameriprise Financial Center

Minneapolis, MN 55474

 

Kurt J. Decko

K&L Gates LLP

Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 1200

San Francisco, CA 94111

(Name and address of agent for service)  

 

 

Approximate Date of Proposed Public Offering:

It is proposed that the filing will become effective:

  ¨ immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)
  ¨ on             pursuant to paragraph (b)
  x 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  ¨ on             pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
  ¨ 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)
  ¨ on             pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 485

If appropriate, check the following box:

  ¨ this post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment

 

 

 


Prospectus

  Columbia Management [logo]

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION  |  PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS  |  Dated as of August 16, 2012

Columbia Emerging Markets Bond ETF ([TICKER])

Prospectus [        ,         ]

This prospectus provides important information about the Columbia Emerging Markets Bond ETF (the Fund), an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that is a series of Columbia ETF Trust (the Trust), that you should know before investing. Please read it carefully and keep it for future reference.

These securities have not been approved or disapproved by the Securities and Exchange Commission nor has the Securities and Exchange Commission passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

Shares of the Fund (shares) will be listed and traded on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the Exchange).

Not FDIC Insured         May Lose Value         No Bank Guarantee


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

Summary of the Fund

     3   

Investment Objective

     3   

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

     3   

Principal Investment Strategies

     4   

Principal Risks

     5   

Performance Information

     8   

Fund Management

     8   

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

     9   

Tax Information

     9   

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

     9   

More Information About the Fund

     10   

Investment Objective

     10   

Principal Investment Strategies

     10   

Principal Risks

     11   

How Is the Fund Different from Index ETFs?

     15   

How Is the Fund Different from Traditional Mutual Funds?

     16   

Premium/Discount Information About the Fund

  

Additional Investment Strategies and Policies

     16   

Primary Service Providers

     22   

Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest

     25   

Certain Legal Matters

     26   

Buying and Selling Fund Shares

     27   

Buying and Selling Fund Shares on the Secondary Market

     27   

Buying Fund Shares Directly from the Fund

     28   

Redeeming Shares Directly from the Fund

     30   

Additional Information About Buying and Selling Fund Shares

     31   

Active Investors and Market Timing

     32   

Distribution and Service Fees

     33   

Determination of Net Asset Value

     33   

Distribution and Taxes

     34   

Financial Highlights

     38   

No person has been authorized to give any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus and the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information (SAI) dated [            ], [        ] (which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus and is legally a part of this prospectus) and, if given or made, such information or representations may not be relied upon as having been authorized by us.

 

- 2 -


Summary of the Fund

Investment Objective

The Fund seeks high total return through current income and, secondarily, through capital appreciation.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.

 

Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)    None

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

 

Management Fees

     [    ]

Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) fees(1)

     0.00

Other Expenses(2)

     [    ]

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses

     [    ]

Expense Reduction/Reimbursement(3)

     [    ]

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Expense Reduction/Reimbursement

     [    ]

 

(1) Pursuant to a Rule 12b-1 Distribution and Service Plan (the Plan), the Fund may bear a Rule 12b-1 fee not to exceed 0.25% per annum of the Fund’s average daily net assets. However, no such fee is currently paid by the Fund, and the Board of Trustees (the Board) has not currently approved the commencement of any payments under the Plan.
(2) Other expenses are based on estimated amounts for the Fund’s current fiscal year.
(3) Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager) and/or certain of its affiliates have contractually agreed to reduce their fees and/or reimburse Fund expenses (excluding interest, taxes, brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, and extraordinary expenses), after giving effect to any balance credits or overdraft charges from the Fund’s custodian, in order to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses for shares of the Fund (the Expense Cap) to [    ]% of the Fund’s average net assets until [            ], [        ]. The Expense Cap may be terminated earlier only upon the approval of the Board.

 

- 3 -


Example

The following example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example illustrates the hypothetical expenses that you would incur over the time periods indicated and assumes that:

 

   

you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the periods indicated,

 

   

your investment has a 5% return each year, and

 

   

the Fund’s total annual operating expenses remain the same as shown in the table above.

The example includes the contractual commitments to waive fees and reimburse expenses expiring as indicated in the table above. Since these waivers and/or reimbursements expire on [                    ], they are only reflected in the 1 year example and the first year of the 3 year example. This example does not reflect the brokerage commissions that you may pay to buy and sell Fund shares. Based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

One Year   Three Years  
$[            ]   $ [            

Remember this is an example only. Your actual costs may be higher or lower.

Portfolio Turnover

The Fund may pay transaction costs, including commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. Because the Fund has not commenced operations as of the date of this prospectus, it does not have a portfolio turnover rate to present.

Principal Investment Strategies

The Fund is a non-diversified fund that invests primarily in fixed income securities of emerging markets issuers. For these purposes, emerging market countries are generally those either defined by World Bank-defined per capita income brackets or determined to be an emerging market based on the Fund investment team’s qualitative judgments about a country’s level of economic and institutional development, among other factors. Under normal market conditions, at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (including the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) will be invested in fixed income securities of issuers that are located in emerging markets countries, or that earn 50% or more of their total revenues from goods or services produced in emerging markets countries or from sales made in emerging markets countries. Fixed income securities may be denominated in either U.S. dollars or the local currency of the issuer. While the Fund may invest 25% or more of its total assets in the securities of foreign governmental and corporate entities located in the same country, it will not invest 25% or more of its total assets in any single issuer. The Fund can invest in emerging market sovereign debt instruments of any credit quality including those rated investment grade and below investment grade (i.e., junk bonds) or considered by Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager) to be of comparable quality. The Fund may invest up to 100% of its assets in securities rated below investment grade.

 

- 4 -


The Fund may invest in fixed income securities of any maturity and does not seek to maintain a particular dollar-weighted average maturity. The Fund may invest significantly in privately placed securities that have not been registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Rule 144A (Rule 144A securities) that are determined to be liquid in accordance with procedures adopted by the Fund’s Board of Trustees (the Board).

The Fund will provide shareholders with at least 60 days’ written notice of any change in the 80% policy.

Principal Risks

An investment in the Fund involves risk, including those described below. There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The value of the Fund’s holdings may decline, and the Fund’s net asset value (NAV) and share price may go down.

Active Management Risk. Due to its active management, the Fund could underperform its benchmark index or mutual funds with similar investment objectives. The Fund may fail to achieve its investment objective(s) and may lose money.

Changing Distribution Level Risk. The amount of the distributions paid by the Fund will vary and generally depends on the amount of interest income and/or dividends received by the Fund on the securities it holds. The Fund may not be able to pay distributions or may have to reduce its distribution level if the interest income and/or dividends the Fund receives from its investments decline.

Credit Risk. Credit risk applies to most debt securities, but is generally less of a factor for obligations backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government. It is the risk that the issuer of a fixed-income security may or will default or otherwise become unable or unwilling, or perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments to the Fund when due. If the Fund purchases unrated securities, or if the rating of a security is lowered after purchase, the Fund will depend on analysis of credit risk more heavily than usual. Lower quality or unrated securities held by the Fund present greater credit risk as compared to higher-rated securities.

Emerging Market Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in emerging market countries are more likely to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, emerging market countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Their economies are usually less mature and their securities markets are typically less developed with more limited trading activity (i.e., lower trading volumes and less liquidity) than more developed countries. Emerging market securities tend to be more volatile than securities in more developed markets. Many emerging market countries are heavily dependent on international trade and have fewer trading partners, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns in other countries, and some have a higher risk of currency devaluations.

 

- 5 -


Foreign Currency Risk. The performance of the Fund may be materially affected positively or negatively by foreign currency strength or weakness relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly if the Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in foreign securities or other assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.

Foreign Securities Risk. Investments in foreign securities involve certain risks not associated with investments in U.S. companies. Foreign securities subject the Fund to the risks associated with investing in the particular country or region, including the political, regulatory, economic, social, diplomatic and other conditions or events occurring in the country, as well as fluctuations in its currency and the risks associated with less developed custody and settlement practices. Foreign securities may be more volatile and less liquid than investments in U.S. companies.

Geographic Concentration Risk. The Fund may be particularly susceptible to economic, political, regulatory or other events or conditions affecting issuers and countries within the specific geographic regions in which the Fund invests. The Fund may be more volatile than a more geographically diversified fund.

Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk is the risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates. In general, if prevailing interest rates rise, the values of debt securities will tend to fall, and if interest rates fall, the values of debt securities will tend to rise. Changes in the value of a debt security usually will not affect the amount of income the Fund receives from it but may affect the value of the Fund’s shares. In general, the longer the maturity or duration of a debt security, the greater its sensitivity to changes in interest rates. Interest rate declines also may increase prepayments of debt obligations, which, in turn, would increase prepayment risk. As interest rates rise or spreads widen, the likelihood of prepayment decreases.

Issuer Risk. An issuer may perform poorly, and therefore, the value of its securities may decline, which would negatively affect the Fund’s performance. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, breakthroughs in technology, reliance on suppliers, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures or other events, conditions or factors.

Liquidity Risk. Liquidity risk is the risk associated with a lack of marketability of investments which may make it difficult to sell the investment at a desirable time or price. The Fund may have to lower the selling price, sell other investments, or forego another, more appealing investment opportunity. Judgment plays a larger role in valuing these investments as compared to valuing more liquid investments.

Low and Below Investment Grade (High-Yield) Securities Risk. Securities with the lowest investment grade rating and securities rated below investment grade (commonly called “high-yield” or “junk” bonds) and unrated securities of comparable quality expose the Fund to a greater risk of loss of principal and income than a fund that invests solely or primarily in investment grade securities. In addition, these investments have greater price fluctuations and are more likely to experience a default than higher-rated securities. High-yield securities are considered to be predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal.

 

- 6 -


Market Risk. Market risk refers to the possibility that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise. An investment in the Fund could lose money over short or even long periods. In general, equity securities tend to have greater price volatility than debt securities.

Non-Diversified Fund Risk. The Fund is non-diversified, which generally means that it will invest a greater percentage of its total assets in the securities of fewer issuers than a “diversified” fund. This increases the risk that a change in the value of any one investment held by the Fund could affect the overall value of the Fund more than it would affect that of a diversified fund holding a greater number of investments. Accordingly, the Fund’s value will likely be more volatile than the value of a more diversified fund.

Reinvestment Risk. Reinvestment risk is the risk that the Fund will not be able to reinvest income or principal at the same return it is currently earning.

Rule 144A Securities Risk. The Fund may invest significantly in privately placed securities that have not been registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Rule 144A (Rule 144A securities) that are determined to be liquid in accordance with procedures adopted by the Board. However, an insufficient number of qualified institutional buyers interested in purchasing Rule 144A securities at a particular time could affect adversely the marketability of such securities and the Fund might be unable to dispose of such securities promptly or at reasonable prices. Accordingly, even if determined to be liquid, the Fund’s holdings of Rule 144A securities may increase the level of Fund illiquidity if eligible buyers become uninterested in buying them at a particular time.

Secondary Market Trading Risk. Investors buying or selling shares in the secondary market will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. Brokerage commissions are often a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell relatively small amounts of shares.

Sector Risk. At times, the Fund may have a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a related group of industries within an economic sector. Companies in the same economic sector may be similarly affected by economic, regulatory, political or market events or conditions, making the Fund more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly. The more a fund diversifies its investments, the more it spreads risk and potentially reduces the risks of loss and volatility.

Sovereign Debt Risk. A sovereign debtor’s willingness or ability to repay principal and pay interest in a timely manner may be affected by a variety of factors, including its cash flow situation, the extent of its reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange on the date a payment is due, the relative size of the debt service burden to the economy as a whole, the sovereign debtor’s policy toward international lenders, and the political constraints to which a sovereign debtor may be subject. Sovereign debt risk is increased for emerging market issuers.

 

- 7 -


Trading Discount to NAV Risk. The Fund’s shares may trade above or below their NAV. The NAV of the Fund will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of shares, however, will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of, and demand for, shares on the Exchange. The trading price of shares may deviate significantly from NAV. The Investment Manager cannot predict whether shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the securities held by the Fund. However, given that shares can be purchased and redeemed in large blocks of shares, called Creation Units (defined below) (unlike shares of closed-end funds, which frequently trade at appreciable discounts from, and sometimes at premiums to, their NAV), and the Fund’s portfolio holdings are fully disclosed on a daily basis, the Investment Manager believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of shares should not be sustained, but that may not be the case.

Trading Risk. Although the Shares will be listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active or liquid trading market for them will develop or be maintained. In addition, trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable. Further, trading in Shares on the Exchange is subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to the Exchange “circuit breaker” rules. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the ETF will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

Performance Information

The Fund is new as of the date of this prospectus and therefore performance information is not available.

When available, the information will provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing how the Fund’s average annual returns compare with the following measure of market performance. The Fund intends to compare its performance to the performance of the J.P. Morgan Emerging Markets Bond Index-Global. When available, the Fund’s current performance information can be found at columbiamanagementetf.com. Past performance does not necessarily indicate how the Fund will perform in the future.

Fund Management

Investment Manager: Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager)

 

Portfolio Manager

  

Title

   Managed Fund Since

Nicholas Pifer, CFA

   Portfolio Manager    [    ]

Jim Carlen, CFA

   Portfolio Manager    [    ]

 

- 8 -


Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis only in large blocks of shares, typically 50,000 shares, called Creation Units. Creation Units are issued and redeemed for cash and/or in-kind for securities. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Once created, individual shares generally trade in the secondary market at market prices that change throughout the day. Market prices of shares may be greater or less than their NAV.

Tax Information

The Fund normally distributes net investment income and net realized capital gains, if any, to shareholders. These distributions are generally taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged account, such as a 401(k) plan or an IRA. If you are investing through a tax-advantaged account, you may be taxed upon withdrawals from that account.

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your financial advisor to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your financial advisor or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

- 9 -


More Information About the Fund

Investment Objective

The Fund seeks high total return through current income and, secondarily, through capital appreciation. The Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees (the Board) without shareholder approval.

Principal Investment Strategies

The Fund is a non-diversified fund that invests primarily in fixed income securities of emerging markets issuers.. For these purposes, emerging market countries are generally those either defined by World Bank-defined per capita income brackets or determined to be an emerging market based on the Fund investment team’s qualitative judgments about a country’s level of economic and institutional development, among other factors. Under normal market conditions, at least 80% of the Fund’s net assets (including the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) will be invested in fixed income securities of issuers that are located in emerging markets countries, or that earn 50% or more of their total revenues from goods or services produced in emerging markets countries or from sales made in emerging markets countries. Fixed income securities may be denominated in either U.S. dollars or the local currency of the issuer. While the Fund may invest 25% or more of its total assets in the securities of foreign governmental and corporate entities located in the same country, it will not invest 25% or more of its total assets in any single issuer. The Fund can invest in emerging market sovereign debt instruments of any credit quality including those rated investment grade and below investment grade (i.e., junk bonds) or considered by Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager) to be of comparable quality. The Fund may invest up to 100% of its assets in securities rated below investment grade.

The Fund may invest in fixed income securities of any maturity and does not seek to maintain a particular dollar-weighted average maturity. A bond is issued with a specific maturity date, which is the date when the issuer must pay back the bond’s principal (face value). Bond maturities range from less than 1 year to more than 30 years. Typically, the longer a bond’s maturity, the more risk of price declines the Fund, and a bond fund investor, faces as interest rates rise, but the Fund could receive a higher yield in return for that longer maturity and higher interest rate risk.

The Fund may invest significantly in privately placed Rule 144A securities that have not been registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933 that are determined to be liquid in accordance with procedures adopted by the Board.

In pursuit of the Fund’s objective, the Investment Manager chooses investments by:

 

 

Analyzing the creditworthiness of emerging market countries.

 

 

Seeking to evaluate the best relative value opportunities among emerging market countries, by comparing sovereign debt spreads to fundamental creditworthiness and comparing the recent sovereign debt spread relationships among countries to historic relationships.

 

 

Seeking to identify emerging markets bonds that can take advantage of attractive local interest rates and provide exposure to undervalued currencies.

 

- 10 -


In evaluating whether to sell a security, the Investment Manager considers, among other factors, whether in its view:

 

 

The security is overvalued.

 

 

The security has new credit risks.

 

 

The security continues to meet the standards described above.

The Fund’s policy of investing at least 80% of its net assets discussed in the Principal Investment Strategies section of this prospectus may be changed by the Board of Trustees (the Board) without shareholder approval as long as shareholders are given 60 days advance notice of the change.

Principal Risks

An investment in the Fund involves risk, including those described below. There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The value of the Fund’s holdings may decline, and the Fund’s NAV and share price may go down.

Active Management Risk. The Fund is actively managed and its performance therefore will reflect, in part, the ability of the portfolio managers to select investments and to make investment decisions that are suited to achieving the Fund’s investment objective. Due to its active management, the Fund could underperform its benchmark index or other funds with similar investment objectives and/or strategies. The Fund may fail to achieve its investment objective(s) and you may lose money.

Changing Distribution Level Risk. The amount of the distributions paid by the Fund will vary and generally depends on the amount of interest income and/or dividends received by the Fund on the securities it holds. The Fund may not be able to pay distributions or may have to reduce its distribution level if the interest income and/or dividends the Fund receives from its investments decline.

Credit Risk. Credit risk applies to most debt securities, but is generally less of a factor for obligations backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government. It is the risk that the issuer of a fixed-income security may or will default or otherwise become unable or unwilling, or is perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments to the Fund when due. Various factors could affect the issuer’s actual or perceived willingness or ability to make timely interest or principal payments, including changes in the issuer’s financial condition or in general economic conditions. Debt securities backed by an issuer’s taxing authority may be subject to legal limits on the issuer’s power to increase taxes or otherwise to raise revenue, or may be dependent on legislative appropriation or government aid. Certain debt securities are backed only by revenues derived from a particular project or source, rather than by an issuer’s taxing authority, and thus may have a greater risk of default. If the Fund purchases unrated securities, or if the rating of a security is lowered after purchase, the Fund will depend on analysis of credit risk more heavily than usual. Lower quality or unrated securities held by the Fund present greater credit risk as compared to higher-rated securities.

 

- 11 -


Emerging Market Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in emerging market countries are more likely to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, emerging market countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Their economies are usually less mature and their securities markets are typically less developed with more limited trading activity (i.e., lower trading volumes and less liquidity) than more developed countries. Emerging market securities tend to be more volatile than securities in more developed markets. Many emerging market countries are heavily dependent on international trade and have fewer trading partners, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns in other countries. Some emerging market countries have a higher risk of currency devaluations, and some of these countries may experience periods of high inflation or rapid changes in inflation rates and may have hostile relations with other countries.

Foreign Currency Risk. The performance of the Fund may be materially affected positively or negatively by foreign currency strength or weakness relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly if the Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in foreign securities or other assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Currency rates in foreign countries may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time for a number of reasons, including changes in interest rates, imposition of currency controls and economic or political developments in the U.S. or abroad. The Fund may also incur currency conversion costs when converting foreign currencies into U.S. dollars.

Foreign Securities Risk. Foreign securities are subject to special risks as compared to securities of U.S. issuers. For example, foreign markets can be extremely volatile. Foreign securities are primarily denominated in foreign currencies. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may impact the value of foreign securities denominated in foreign currencies or in U.S. dollars, without a change in the intrinsic value of those securities. Foreign securities may also be less liquid than domestic securities so that the Fund may, at times, be unable to sell foreign securities at desirable times or prices. Brokerage commissions, custodial fees and other fees are also generally higher for foreign securities. The Fund may have limited or no legal recourse in the event of default with respect to certain foreign securities, including those issued by foreign governments. In addition, foreign governments may impose potentially confiscatory withholding or other taxes, which could reduce the amount of income and/or capital gains available to distribute to shareholders. Other risks include possible delays in the settlement of transactions or in the payment of income; generally less publicly available information about companies; the impact of economic, political, social, diplomatic or other conditions or events; possible seizure, expropriation or nationalization of a company or its assets; possible imposition of currency exchange controls; accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards that may be less comprehensive and stringent than those applicable to domestic companies; and local agents are held only to the standard of care of the local market, which may be less reliable than the U.S. markets. Governments or trade groups may compel local agents to hold securities in designated depositories that are not subject to independent evaluation. The less developed a country’s securities market is, the greater the level of risks.

Geographic Concentration Risk. The Fund may be particularly susceptible to economic, political, regulatory or other events or conditions affecting issuers and countries within the specific

 

- 12 -


geographic regions in which the Fund invests. Currency devaluations could occur in countries that have not yet experienced currency devaluation to date, or could continue to occur in countries that have already experienced such devaluations. As a result, the Fund may be more volatile than a more geographically diversified fund.

Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk is the risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates. In general, if prevailing interest rates rise, the values of debt securities will tend to fall, and if interest rates fall, the values of debt securities will tend to rise. Changes in the value of a debt security usually will not affect the amount of income the Fund receives from it but may affect the value of the Fund’s shares. In general, the longer the maturity or duration of a debt security, the greater its sensitivity to changes in interest rates. Interest rate declines also may increase prepayments of debt obligations, which, in turn, would increase prepayment risk. As interest rates rise or spreads widen, the likelihood of prepayment decreases.

Issuer Risk. An issuer may perform poorly, and therefore, the value of its securities may decline, which would negatively affect the Fund’s performance. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, breakthroughs in technology, reliance on suppliers, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures or other events, conditions or factors.

Liquidity Risk. Liquidity risk is the risk associated with a lack of marketability of investments which may make it difficult to sell the investment at a desirable time or price. The Fund may have to lower the selling price, sell other investments, or forego another, more appealing investment opportunity. Judgment plays a larger role in valuing these investments as compared to valuing more liquid investments.

Low and Below Investment Grade (High-Yield) Securities Risk. Securities with the lowest investment grade rating and securities rated below investment grade (commonly called “high-yield” or “junk” bonds) and unrated securities of comparable quality tend to be more sensitive to credit risk than higher-rated securities and may react more to perceived changes in the ability of the issuing entity or obligor to pay interest and principal when due than to changes in interest rates. These investments have greater price fluctuations and are more likely to experience a default than higher-rated securities. High-yield securities are considered to be predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal. These securities typically pay a premium – a higher interest rate or yield – because of the increased risk of loss, including default. These securities may require a greater degree of judgment to establish a price, may be difficult to sell at the time and price the Fund desires, may carry high transaction costs, and also are generally less liquid than higher-rated securities. The securities ratings provided by third party rating agencies are based on analyses by these ratings agencies of the credit quality of the securities and may not take into account every risk related to whether interest or principal will be timely repaid. In adverse economic and other circumstances, issuers of lower-rated securities are more likely to have difficulty making principal and interest payments than issuers of higher-rated securities.

Market Risk. Market risk refers to the possibility that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise. Security values may fall or fail to rise because of a variety of factors affecting (or the market’s

 

- 13 -


perception of) individual companies (e.g., an unfavorable earnings report), industries or sectors, or the markets as a whole, reducing the value of an investment in the Fund. Accordingly, an investment in the Fund could lose money over short or even long periods. The market values of the securities the Fund holds also can be affected by changes or perceived changes in U.S. or foreign economies and financial markets, and the liquidity of these securities, among other factors. In general, equity securities tend to have greater price volatility than debt securities.

Non-Diversified Fund Risk. The Fund is non-diversified, which generally means that it will invest a greater percentage of its total assets in the securities of fewer issuers than a “diversified” fund. This increases the risk that a change in the value of any one investment held by the Fund could affect the overall value of the Fund more than it would affect that of a diversified fund holding a greater number of investments. Accordingly, the Fund’s value will likely be more volatile than the value of a more diversified fund.

Reinvestment Risk. Reinvestment risk is the risk that the Fund will not be able to reinvest income or principal at the same return it is currently earning.

Rule 144A Securities Risk. The Fund may invest significantly in privately placed securities that have not been registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Rule 144A (“Rule 144A securities”) which are determined to be liquid in accordance with procedures adopted by the Fund’s Board. However, an insufficient number of qualified institutional buyers interested in purchasing Rule 144A securities at a particular time could affect adversely the marketability of such securities and the Fund might be unable to dispose of such securities promptly or at reasonable prices. Accordingly, even if determined to be liquid, the Fund’s holdings of Rule 144A securities may increase the level of Fund illiquidity if eligible buyers become uninterested in buying them at a particular time. The Fund may also have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Additionally, the purchase price and subsequent valuation of restricted and illiquid securities normally reflect a discount, which may be significant, from the market price of comparable securities for which a liquid market exists.

Secondary Market Trading Risk. Investors buying or selling shares in the secondary market will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. Brokerage commissions are often a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell relatively small amounts of shares. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that an investor is willing to pay for shares (the bid price) and the price at which an investor is willing to sell shares (the ask price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.” The bid/ask spread varies over time for shares based on trading volume and market liquidity, and is generally lower if the Fund’s shares have more trading volume and market liquidity and higher if the Fund’s shares have little trading volume and market liquidity. Further, increased market volatility may cause increased bid/ask spreads.

Sector Risk. At times, the Fund may have a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a related group of industries within an economic sector. Companies in the same economic sector may be similarly affected by economic, regulatory, political or market events or conditions, making the Fund more vulnerable to unfavorable

 

- 14 -


developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly. The more a fund diversifies its investments, the more it spreads risk and potentially reduces the risks of loss and volatility.

Sovereign Debt Risk. A sovereign debtor’s willingness or ability to repay principal and pay interest in a timely manner may be affected by a variety of factors, including its cash flow situation, the extent of its reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange on the date a payment is due, the relative size of the debt service burden to the economy as a whole, the sovereign debtor’s policy toward international lenders, and the political constraints to which a sovereign debtor may be subject.

With respect to sovereign debt of emerging market issuers, investors should be aware that certain emerging market countries are among the largest debtors to commercial banks and foreign governments. At times, certain emerging market countries have declared moratoria on the payment of principal and interest on external debt. Certain emerging market countries have experienced difficulty in servicing their sovereign debt on a timely basis and that has led to defaults and the restructuring of certain indebtedness to the detriment of debtholders. Sovereign debt risk is increased for emerging market issuers.

Trading Discount to NAV Risk. The Fund’s shares may trade above or below their NAV. The NAV of the Fund will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of shares, however, will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of, and demand for, shares on the Exchange. The trading price of shares may deviate significantly from NAV. The Investment Manager cannot predict whether shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the securities held by the Fund. However, given that shares can be purchased and redeemed in large blocks of shares, called Creation Units (defined below) (unlike shares of closed-end funds, which frequently trade at appreciable discounts from, and sometimes at premiums to, their NAV), and the Fund’s portfolio holdings are fully disclosed on a daily basis, the Investment Manager believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of shares should not be sustained, but that may not be the case.

Trading Risk. Although the Shares will be listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active or liquid trading market for them will develop or be maintained. In addition, trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable. Further, trading in Shares on the Exchange is subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to the Exchange “circuit breaker” rules. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the ETF will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

How Is the Fund Different from Index ETFs?

Whereas index-based ETFs seek to replicate the holdings of a specified index, the Fund uses an actively managed investment strategy to meet its investment objective. Thus, the Fund’s Investment Manager has the discretion on a daily basis to choose securities for the Fund’s portfolio consistent with the Fund’s investment objective.

 

- 15 -


The Fund is designed for investors who seek exposure to an actively managed portfolio of emerging markets fixed-income securities. The Fund may be suitable for long-term investment and may also be used as an asset allocation tool or as a trading instrument.

How Is the Fund Different from Traditional Mutual Funds?

Redeemability. Traditional mutual fund shares may be bought from, and redeemed with, the issuing fund for cash at NAV typically calculated once at the end of the business day. Shares of the Fund, by contrast, cannot be purchased from or redeemed with the Fund except by or through Authorized Participants (defined below), and then only for cash and/or an in-kind basket of securities. In addition, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis only in large blocks of shares, typically 50,000 shares, called Creation Units.

Exchange Listing. Unlike traditional mutual fund shares, the Fund’s shares will be listed for trading on the Exchange. Investors can purchase and sell shares on the secondary market through a broker. Investors purchasing shares in the secondary market through a brokerage account or with the assistance of a broker may be subject to brokerage commissions and charges. Secondary-market transactions do not occur at NAV, but at market prices that change throughout the day, based on the supply of, and demand for, shares and on changes in the prices of the Fund’s portfolio holdings. The market price of shares may differ from the NAV of the Fund. The difference between market price of shares and the NAV of the Fund is called a premium when the market price is above the reported NAV and called a discount when the market price is below the reported NAV, and the difference is expected to be small most of the time, though it may be significant, especially in times of extreme market volatility or other conditions.

[Tax Treatment. The design of the shares may provide for greater tax efficiency than traditional mutual fund shares. Specifically, to the extent the Fund redeems shares in-kind, Fund shareholders may be protected from certain adverse tax consequences associated with traditional mutual fund shares, due to the mutual fund’s need to sell portfolio securities to obtain cash to meet such redemptions and, as necessary, recognize taxable gains in connection with such sales. By contrast, to the extent the Fund redeems shares in-kind, as opposed to cash, the Fund’s in-kind redemption mechanism would reduce, relative to a mutual fund, taxable gains resulting from redemptions. However, the Fund cannot predict to what extent, if any, it will redeem shares in-kind rather than cash, particularly during the Fund’s growth stages when portfolio changes are more likely to be implemented within the Fund rather than through the in-kind redemption mechanism. Because the Fund is actively managed, it may generate more taxable gains for shareholders than an index-based fund or ETF.]

Additional Investment Strategies and Policies

This section describes certain strategies and policies that the Fund may utilize in pursuit of its investment objective, and describes some additional factors and risks involved with investing in the Fund.

 

- 16 -


Investment Guidelines

As a general matter, unless otherwise noted, whenever an investment policy or limitation states a percentage of the Fund’s assets that may be invested in any security or other asset, or sets forth a policy regarding an investment standard, compliance with that percentage limitation or standard will be determined solely at the time of the Fund’s acquisition of the security or asset.

Holding Other Kinds of Investments

The Fund may hold investments that are not part of its principal investment strategies. These investments and their risks are described below and in the SAI. The Fund may choose not to invest in certain securities described in this prospectus and in the SAI, although it has the ability to do so.

Investing in Derivatives

The Fund may enter into derivative transactions for, among other reasons, investment purposes, for risk management (hedging) purposes, or to increase investment flexibility. Derivatives are financial contracts whose values are, for example, based on (or “derived” from) traditional securities (such as a stock or bond), assets (such as a commodity like gold or a foreign currency), reference rates (such as LIBOR) or market indices (such as the Standard & Poor’s (S&P) 500® Index). The use of derivatives is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. Derivatives involve special risks and may result in losses or may limit the Fund’s potential gain from favorable market movements. Derivative strategies often involve leverage, which may exaggerate a loss, potentially causing the Fund to lose more money than it would have lost had it invested in the underlying security or other asset directly. The values of derivatives may move in unexpected ways, especially in unusual market conditions, and may result in increased volatility in the value of the derivative and/or the Fund’s shares, among other consequences. The use of derivatives may also increase the amount of taxes payable by shareholders holding shares in a taxable account. Other risks arise from the Fund’s potential inability to terminate or to sell derivative positions. A liquid secondary market may not always exist for the Fund’s derivative positions at times when the Fund might wish to terminate or to sell such positions. Over-the-counter instruments (investments not traded on an exchange) may be illiquid, and transactions in derivatives traded in the over-the-counter market are subject to the risk that the other party will not meet its obligations. The use of derivatives also involves the risks of mispricing or improper valuation and that changes in the value of the derivative may not correlate perfectly with the underlying security, asset, reference rate or index. The Fund also may not be able to find a suitable derivative transaction counterparty, and thus may be unable to engage in derivative transactions when it is deemed favorable to do so, or at all. U.S. federal legislation has been enacted that provides for new clearing, margin, reporting and registration requirements for participants in the derivatives market. While the ultimate impact is not yet clear, these changes could restrict and/or impose significant costs or other burdens upon the Fund’s participation in derivatives transactions. For more information on the risks of derivative investments and strategies, see the SAI.

The Fund must “set aside” liquid assets, or engage in other appropriate measures to “cover” its obligations under certain derivatives contracts. In the case of certain derivatives contracts that do not cash settle, for example, the Fund must set aside liquid assets equal to the full notional value of the derivatives contract while the positions are open. With respect to other derivatives contracts that

 

- 17 -


do cash settle, however, the Fund is permitted to set aside liquid assets in an amount equal to the Fund’s daily marked-to-market net obligation (i.e., the Fund’s daily net liability) under the contract, if any, rather than the full notional value. The Fund reserves the right to modify its asset segregation policies in the future, including to comply with any changes in positions from time to time articulated by the SEC or its staff regarding asset segregation. By setting aside assets equal to only its net obligations under certain cash-settled derivatives contracts, the Fund will have the ability to employ leverage to a greater extent than if the Fund were required to segregate assets equal to the full notional amount of the contract.

Investments by Affiliated Funds

The Investment Manager or an affiliate serves as investment adviser to the Columbia Funds, including those that are structured as “fund-of-funds,” which provide asset-allocation services to shareholders by investing in shares of other Columbia Funds (which may include the Fund and collectively are referred to as Underlying Funds) and to discretionary managed accounts (collectively referred to as affiliated products) that invest exclusively in Underlying Funds. These affiliated products, individually or collectively, may own a significant percentage of the outstanding shares of one or more Underlying Funds, and the Investment Manager seeks to balance potential conflicts of interest between the affiliated products and the Underlying Funds in which they invest. The affiliated products’ investment in the Underlying Funds may have the effect of creating economies of scale, possibly resulting in lower expense ratios for the Underlying Funds, because the affiliated products may own substantial portions of the shares of Underlying Funds. However, redemption of Underlying Fund shares by one or more affiliated products could cause the expense ratio of an Underlying Fund to increase, as its fixed costs would be spread over a smaller asset base. Because of these large positions of the affiliated products, the Underlying Funds may experience relatively large purchases or redemptions. Although the Investment Manager may seek to minimize the impact of these transactions where possible, for example, by structuring them over a reasonable period of time or through other measures, Underlying Funds may experience increased expenses as they buy and sell securities to manage these transactions. Further, when the Investment Manager structures transactions over a reasonable period of time in order to manage the potential impact of the buy and sell decisions for the affiliated products, these affiliated products, including funds-of-funds, may pay more or less (for purchase activity), or receive more or less (for redemption activity), for shares of the Underlying Funds than if the transactions were executed in one transaction. In addition, substantial redemptions by the affiliated products within a short period of time could require the Underlying Fund (if an ETF, to the extent they are not effected in kind) to liquidate positions more rapidly than would otherwise be desirable, which may have the effect of reducing or eliminating potential gain or causing it to realize a loss. Substantial redemptions may also adversely affect the ability of the Underlying Fund to implement its investment strategy. The Investment Manager also has an economic conflict of interest in determining the allocation of the affiliated products’ assets among the Underlying Funds, as it earns different fees from the various Underlying Funds.

Investing in Money Market Funds

The Fund may invest uninvested cash, including, if implemented for the Fund, cash collateral received in connection with its securities lending program, in shares of registered or unregistered

 

- 18 -


money market funds, including funds advised by the Investment Manager. These funds are not insured or guaranteed by the FDIC or any other government agency. The Fund and its shareholders indirectly bear a portion of the expenses of any money market fund or other fund in which the Fund may invest. The Investment Manager and its affiliates receive fees from any such funds that are affiliated funds for providing advisory and other services in addition to the fees which they are entitled to receive from the Fund for services provided directly.

Lending of Portfolio Securities

The Fund may lend portfolio securities to broker-dealers, banks or other institutional borrowers of securities to generate additional income. Securities lending typically involves counterparty risk, including the risk that a borrower may not provide additional collateral when required or return the loaned securities in a timely manner. In the Fund’s securities lending program, the counterparty risk related to borrowers not providing additional collateral or returning loaned securities in a timely manner is borne by the securities lending agent, which has indemnified the Fund against these risks. However, the Fund may lose money from lending securities (or the amounts earned from securities lending may be limited) if, for example, the value of or return on its investments of the cash collateral declines below the amount owed to a borrower. For more information on lending of portfolio securities and the risks involved, see the Fund’s SAI and, when available, its annual and semi-annual reports to shareholders.

Investing Defensively

The Fund may from time to time take temporary defensive investment positions that may be inconsistent with the Fund’s principal investment strategies in attempting to respond to adverse market, economic, political, social or other conditions including, without limitation (i) investing some or all of its assets in money market instruments or shares of affiliated or unaffiliated money market funds, (ii) holding some or all of its assets in cash or cash equivalents, or (iii) investing in derivatives, such as futures (e.g., index futures) or options on futures for various purposes, including among others, investing in particular derivatives to achieve indirect investment exposure to a sector, country or region where the Investment Manager or the Fund’s subadviser (as the case may be) believes such defensive positioning is appropriate. While the Fund is so positioned defensively, derivatives could comprise a substantial portion of the Fund’s investments. (See above for more information on the risks of investing in derivatives.)

The Fund may not achieve its investment objective while it is investing defensively. During these times, the portfolio managers may make frequent portfolio holding changes, which could result in increased trading expenses and taxes, and decreased Fund performance. See also More Information About the Fund — Investing in Money Market Funds for more information.

Fund Website and Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

Information about the Fund may be found at www.columbiamanagementetf.com. Among other things, this website includes this prospectus and the SAI, the Fund’s holdings, the Fund’s last annual and semi-annual reports (when available), pricing information about shares trading on the Exchange, daily NAV calculations and a historical comparison of the trading prices to NAV.

 

- 19 -


Each day the Fund is open for business, it publicly disseminates the Fund’s full portfolio holdings as of the close of the previous business day through its website at www.columbiamanagementetf.com. In addition, the In-Kind Creation Basket and In-Kind Redemption Basket, which identify the securities and share quantities which may be delivered in exchange for purchases and redemptions of Creation Units as discussed below and in the SAI, are publicly disseminated each business day prior to the opening of trading on the Exchange via the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC).

Mailings to Households

In seeking to reduce shareholder Fund expenses, the Fund may, if prior consent has been provided by Fund account holders, mail only one copy of the Fund’s prospectus and each annual and semi-annual report to those addresses shared by two or more accounts. If you wish to receive individual copies of these documents, call [                     ] or, if your shares are held through a financial intermediary, contact your intermediary directly.

Additional Information on Portfolio Turnover

A fund that replaces, or turns over, more than 100% of its investments in a year may be considered to have a high portfolio turnover rate. A high portfolio turnover rate can generate larger distributions of short-term capital gains to shareholders, which for individuals are generally taxable at higher rates than long-term capital gains for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A high portfolio turnover rate can also mean higher brokerage and other transaction costs, which could reduce a fund’s returns. In general, the greater the volume of buying and selling by a fund, the greater the impact that brokerage commissions will have on its returns. The Fund may sell securities regardless of how long they’ve been held. A higher portfolio turnover rate may reduce the relative, potential tax efficiency of the Fund compared with traditional mutual funds to the extent redemptions are not effected in kind.

More About Annual Fund Operating Expenses and Past Performance

The following information is presented in addition to, and should be read in conjunction with, the information on annual fund operating expenses and performance included in this prospectus.

Calculation of Annual Fund Operating Expenses. Annual fund operating expenses shown in the Fees and Expenses of the Fund section of this prospectus generally are based on an estimate of expenses that will be incurred during the Fund’s current fiscal year and are expressed as a percentage (expense ratio) of the Fund’s expected average net assets during that fiscal year. In general, the Fund’s expense ratios will increase as its net assets decrease, such that the Fund’s actual expense ratios may be higher than the expense ratios presented in the Annual Fund Operating Expenses table. [Any commitment by the Investment Manager and/or its affiliates to waive fees and/or cap (reimburse) expenses is expected to provide a limit, during the term of the commitment, to the impact of any increase in the Fund’s operating expense ratios that would otherwise result because of a decrease in the Fund’s assets in the current fiscal year.]

 

- 20 -


Section 12(d)(1) Information

Columbia ETF Trust (the Trust) and the Fund are part of the Columbia family of Funds and are related for purposes of investor and investment services, as defined in Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act.

For purposes of the 1940 Act, shares are issued by a registered investment company and purchases of such shares by registered investment companies and companies relying on Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act are subject to the restrictions set forth in Section 12(d)(1) of the 1940 Act, except as permitted by an exemptive order of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC has granted the Trust such an order to permit registered investment companies to invest in shares beyond the limits in Section 12(d)(1)(A), subject to certain terms and conditions, including that the registered investment company first enter into a written agreement with the Trust regarding the terms of the investment. Accordingly, registered investment companies that wish to rely on the order must first enter into such a written agreement with the Trust and should contact the Trust to do so.

 

- 21 -


Primary Service Providers

The Investment Manager

The Investment Manager is located at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA 02110 and serves as investment adviser to the Columbia Funds. The Investment Manager is a registered investment adviser and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ameriprise Financial, Inc. (Ameriprise Financial). Ameriprise Financial is a financial planning and financial services company that has been offering solutions for clients’ asset accumulation, income management and protection needs for more than 110 years. The Investment Manager’s management experience covers all major asset classes, including equity securities, fixed-income securities and money market instruments. In addition to serving as an investment adviser to mutual funds, closed-end funds and ETFs, the Investment Manager acts as an investment adviser for itself, its affiliates, individuals, corporations, retirement plans, private investment companies and financial intermediaries.

Subject to oversight by the Board, the Investment Manager manages the day-to-day operations of the Fund, determines what securities and other investments the Fund should buy or sell and executes the portfolio transactions. Although the Investment Manager is responsible for the investment management of the Fund, the Investment Manager may delegate certain of its duties to one or more investment subadvisers. The Investment Manager may use the research and other capabilities of its affiliates and third parties in managing investments.

The Fund pays the Investment Manager a fee for its investment advisory services. The fee is calculated as a percentage of the average daily net assets of the Fund and is paid monthly. Under the Investment Management Services Agreement (IMS Agreement), the fee is [    ]% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

A discussion regarding the basis for the Board’s approval of the Fund’s IMS Agreement with the Investment Manager will be available in the Fund’s first report to shareholders.

Subadviser(s)

The Investment Manager may, subject to the approval of the Board, engage an investment subadviser or subadvisers to make the day-to-day investment decisions for the Fund. The Investment Manager retains ultimate responsibility (subject to Board oversight) for overseeing any subadviser it engages and for evaluating the Fund’s needs and the subadvisers’ skills and abilities on an ongoing basis. Based on its evaluations, the Investment Manager may at times recommend to the Board that the Fund change, add or terminate one or more subadvisers; continue to retain a subadviser even though the subadviser’s ownership or corporate structure has changed; or materially change a subadvisory agreement with a subadviser.

The SEC has issued an order that permits the Investment Manager, subject to the approval of the Board, to appoint an unaffiliated subadviser or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement for the Fund without first obtaining shareholder approval. The order permits the Fund to add or to change unaffiliated subadvisers or to change the fees paid to subadvisers from time to time without the expense and delays associated with obtaining shareholder approval of the change. The

 

- 22 -


Investment Manager and its affiliates may have other relationships, including significant financial relationships, with current or potential subadvisers or their affiliates, which may create certain conflicts of interest. When making recommendations to the Board to appoint or to change a subadviser, or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement, the Investment Manager discloses to the Board the nature of any material relationships it has with a subadviser or its affiliates.

At present, the Investment Manager has not engaged any investment subadviser for the Fund. If a subadviser is engaged, within 90 days of that action, Fund shareholders would receive information about the subadviser and the prospectus would be supplemented as necessary.

Portfolio Managers

Information about the Investment Manager’s portfolio managers who are primarily responsible for overseeing the Fund’s investments are shown below. The SAI provides more information about each portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by each portfolio manager and the portfolio managers’ ownership of securities in the Fund.

Nicholas Pifer, CFA

Portfolio Manager. Service with the Fund since [        ].

 

 

Sector Leader of the Global Rates and Currency Sector Team.

 

 

Joined the Investment Manager in 2000.

 

 

Fixed Income Portfolio Manager, Investment Advisers, Inc., 1997 to 2000.

 

 

Began investment career in 1990.

 

 

MA, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.

Jim Carlen, CFA

Portfolio Manager. Service with the Fund since [        ].

 

 

Sector Manager of the Global Rates and Currency Sector Team.

 

 

Joined the Investment Manager in 1996 as an international economist.

 

 

Began investment career in 1996.

 

 

MS, Georgetown University.

Other Service Providers

[                    ] (the Distributor), [address], serves as the distributor of Creation Units for the Fund on an agency basis. The Distributor does not maintain a secondary market in shares.

[                    (         ), ], is the administrator, fund accountant, transfer agent and custodian for the Fund.

[                    ] serves as the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm. The independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for auditing the annual financial statements of the Fund.

[Expense Reimbursement Arrangements

The Investment Manager and certain of its affiliates have contractually agreed to waive fees and/or reimburse expenses (excluding certain fees and expenses described below) through [        ], unless sooner terminated at the sole discretion of the Board, so that the Fund’s net operating expenses, after giving effect to fees waived/expenses reimbursed and any balance credits and/or overdraft charges from the Fund’s custodian, do not exceed the annual rate of [    ]%.

 

- 23 -


Under the agreement, the following fees and expenses are excluded from the Fund’s operating expenses when calculating the waiver/reimbursement commitment, and therefore will be paid by the Fund, if applicable: taxes (including foreign transaction taxes), expenses associated with investment in affiliated and non-affiliated pooled investment vehicles (including mutual funds and other exchange-traded funds), transaction costs and brokerage commissions, costs related to any securities lending program, dividend expenses associated with securities sold short, inverse floater program fees and expenses, transaction charges and interest on borrowed money, interest, extraordinary expenses and any other expenses the exclusion of which is specifically approved by the Board. This agreement may be modified or amended only with approval from the Board and the Investment Manager.]

 

- 24 -


Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates - Certain Conflicts of Interest

The Investment Manager and its affiliates provide various services to the Fund and other Columbia Funds for which they are compensated. Ameriprise Financial and its other affiliates may also provide other services to these funds and be compensated for them.

The Investment Manager and its affiliates may provide investment advisory and other services to other clients and customers substantially similar to those provided to the Columbia Funds. These activities, and other financial services activities of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, may present actual and potential conflicts of interest and introduce certain investment constraints.

Ameriprise Financial is a major financial services company, engaged in a broad range of financial activities beyond the mutual fund-related activities of the Investment Manager, including, among others, insurance, broker-dealer (sales and trading), asset management, banking and other financial activities. These additional activities may involve multiple advisory, financial, insurance and other interests in securities and other instruments, and in companies that issue securities and other instruments, that may be bought, sold or held by the Columbia Funds.

Conflicts of interest and limitations that could affect a Columbia Fund may arise from, for example, the following:

 

   

compensation and other benefits received by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates related to the management/administration of a Columbia Fund and the sale of its shares;

 

   

the allocation of, and competition for, investment opportunities among the Fund, other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates, or Ameriprise Financial itself and its affiliates;

 

   

separate and potentially divergent management of a Columbia Fund and other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates;

 

   

regulatory and other investment restrictions on investment activities of the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates and accounts advised/managed by them;

 

   

insurance and other relationships of Ameriprise Financial affiliates with companies and other entities in which a Columbia Fund invests; and

 

   

regulatory and other restrictions relating to the sharing of information between Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the Investment Manager, and a Columbia Fund.

In addition, to the extent the Investment Manager manages open-end and closed-end funds and other separate accounts with investment programs that are substantially similar to that of the Fund (Comparable Accounts), because the Fund discloses its portfolio holdings on a daily basis and the Comparable Accounts may have unexecuted portfolio transactions outstanding, the Investment Manager may, from time to time, delay implementing portfolio changes in a security for the Fund or delay allocating investment opportunities to the Fund until such time as the Comparable Accounts have completed their purchase or sale orders for that security. As a result, by the time the Fund implements the portfolio change, the price for the security may be less favorable for the Fund than the Comparable Accounts. Please see the SAI for more information.

 

- 25 -


The Investment Manager and Ameriprise Financial have adopted various policies and procedures that are intended to identify, monitor and address conflicts of interest. However, there is no assurance that these policies, procedures and disclosures will be effective.

Additional information about Ameriprise Financial and the types of conflicts of interest and other matters referenced above is set forth in the Investment Advisory and Other Services - Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates - Certain Conflicts of Interest section of the SAI. Investors in the Columbia Funds should carefully review these disclosures and consult with their financial advisor if they have any questions.

Certain Legal Matters

Ameriprise Financial and certain of its affiliates have historically been involved in a number of legal, arbitration and regulatory proceedings, including routine litigation, class actions and governmental actions, concerning matters arising in connection with the conduct of their business activities. Ameriprise Financial believes that the Fund is not currently the subject of, and that neither Ameriprise Financial nor any of its affiliates is the subject of, any pending legal, arbitration or regulatory proceedings that are likely to have a material adverse effect on the Fund or the ability of Ameriprise Financial or its affiliates to perform under their contracts with the Fund. Information regarding certain pending and settled legal proceedings may be found in the Fund’s shareholder reports and in the SAI. Additionally, Ameriprise Financial is required to make 10-Q, 10-K and, as necessary, 8-K filings with the SEC on legal and regulatory matters that relate to Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates. Copies of these filings may be obtained by accessing the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

 

- 26 -


Buying and Selling Fund Shares

Shares are issued or redeemed by the Fund at NAV per share only in Creation Units of 50,000 shares. The value of one Creation Unit of the Fund is expected to be over $1 million.

Shares trade on the secondary market, however, which is where most retail investors will buy and sell shares. It is expected that only a limited number of institutional investors will purchase and redeem shares directly from the Fund. Thus, certain information in this prospectus is not relevant to most retail investors. For example, information about buying and redeeming shares directly from the Fund and about transaction fees imposed on such purchases and redemptions is not relevant to most retail investors.

Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable with the Fund. Additional information about the procedures regarding creation and redemption of Creation Units (including the cut-off times for receipt of creation and redemption orders) is included in the SAI.

Buying and Selling Fund Shares on the Secondary Market

Most investors will buy and sell shares in secondary market transactions through brokers and therefore, must have a brokerage account to buy and sell shares. Shares can be bought or sold through your broker throughout the trading day like shares of any publicly traded issuer. When buying or selling shares through a broker, you will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges, and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. The price at which you buy or sell shares (i.e., the market price) may be more or less than the NAV of the shares. Unless imposed by your broker, there is no minimum dollar amount you must invest in the Fund and no minimum number of shares you must buy.

Shares of the Fund will be listed on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the Exchange) under the symbol: [ticker]

The Exchange is generally open Monday through Friday and is closed for weekends and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

For information about buying and selling shares on the Exchange or in the secondary markets, please contact your broker or dealer.

Book Entry. Shares are held in book entry form, which means that no stock certificates are issued. The Depository Trust Company (DTC), or its nominee, is the registered owner of all outstanding shares of the Fund and is recognized as the owner of all shares. Participants in DTC include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other institutions that directly or indirectly maintain a custodial relationship with DTC. As a beneficial owner of shares, you are not entitled to receive physical delivery of stock certificates or to have shares registered in your name, and you are not considered a registered owner of shares. Therefore, to exercise any right as an owner of shares, you must rely on the procedures of DTC and its participants. These procedures are the same as those that apply to any stocks that you hold in book

 

- 27 -


entry or “street name” through your brokerage account. Your account information will be maintained by your broker, which will provide you with account statements, confirmations of your purchases and sales of shares, and tax information. Your broker also will be responsible for distributing income dividends and capital gain distributions and for ensuring that you receive shareholder reports and other communications from the Fund.

Share Trading Prices. The trading prices of the Fund’s shares may differ from the Fund’s daily NAV and can be affected by market forces of supply and demand for the Fund’s shares, the prices of the Fund’s portfolio securities, economic conditions and other factors. The Exchange or another market information provider intends to disseminate the approximate value of the Fund’s portfolio every fifteen seconds. This approximate value should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the NAV of the Fund because the approximate value may not be calculated in the same manner as the NAV, which is computed once a day. The quotations for certain investments may not be updated during U.S. trading hours if such holdings do not trade in the U.S., except such quotations may be updated to reflect currency fluctuations. The Fund is not involved in, or responsible for, the calculation or dissemination of the approximate values and makes no warranty as to the accuracy of these values.

Buying Fund Shares Directly from the Fund

You can purchase Fund shares directly from the Fund only in Creation Units or multiples thereof. The number of shares in a Creation Unit may, but is not expected to, change over time. The Fund will not issue fractional Creation Units. The Fund reserves the right to reject any purchase request at any time, for any reason, and without notice. The Fund can stop selling shares or postpone payment of redemption proceeds at times when the Exchange is closed or under any emergency circumstances as determined by the SEC.

Creation Units may be purchased in exchange for a “Fund Deposit.” A Fund Deposit consists of (i) a basket of securities – known as the In-Kind Creation Basket – and a Balancing Amount, as described below, or (ii) all cash (the “Cash Value”). In all instances the value of the Fund Deposit will be equal to the value of the Creation Unit.

To purchase shares directly from the Fund, you must be an Authorized Participant or you must purchase through a broker that is an Authorized Participant. An “Authorized Participant” is a participant of the Continuous Net Settlement System of the NSCC or the DTC that has executed a Participant Agreement with the Distributor. The Distributor will provide a list of Authorized Participants upon request. Authorized Participants may purchase Creation Units of shares, and sell individual shares on the Exchange. See Continuous Offering below.

In-Kind Creation Basket. On each business day, prior to the opening of trading on the Exchange, [the transfer agent] will post on the NSCC bulletin board the In-Kind Creation Basket for the Fund for that day. The In-Kind Creation Basket will identify the name and number of shares of each security that must be contributed to the Fund for each Creation Unit purchased. The Fund reserves the right to accept a nonconforming or “custom” In-Kind Creation Basket.

 

- 28 -


Balancing Amount and Cash Component. In addition to the In-Kind Creation Basket, a purchaser will typically pay to the Fund a “Balancing Amount” equal to the difference between the NAV of a Creation Unit and the value of the securities in the In-Kind Creation Basket. The Balancing Amount ensures that the consideration paid by an investor for a Creation Unit is exactly equal to the value of the Creation Unit. [The transfer agent] will publish, on a daily basis, information about the previous business day’s Balancing Amount. With respect to Fund Deposits of an In-Kind Creation Basket, the Balancing Amount and the Creation Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the “Cash Component.”

Cash Value. In lieu of depositing the In-Kind Creation Basket and Balancing Amount, a Fund Deposit may consist solely of cash in an amount equal to the NAV of a Creation Unit, which amount is referred to as the Cash Value. Any such purchases will be subject to a variable charge, as explained below. [The transfer agent] will publish, on a daily basis, information about the Cash Value of a Creation Unit. With respect to any Fund Deposit of a Cash Value, the Cash Value and Creation Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the Cash Component.

Placement of Purchase Orders. All purchase orders must be placed by or through an Authorized Participant. Purchase orders will be processed either through a manual clearing process run by DTC or through an enhanced clearing process that is available only to those DTC participants that also are participants in the Continuous Net Settlement System of the NSCC. Authorized Participants that do not use the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process for Fund Deposits of In-Kind Creation Baskets of the Fund may be charged a higher Creation Transaction Fee (discussed below). [Fund Deposits of In-Kind Creation Baskets generally must be received by the Distributor prior to the close of regular trading on the NYSE (generally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) and Fund Deposits of Cash Values generally must be received two hours prior (with respect to each, the “Order Cut-Off Time”) on the day the order is placed, and all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement must be followed, in order to receive the NAV determined on that day. On days when the NYSE or the bond markets close earlier than normal (for example, the day before a holiday), the Fund may require purchase orders to be placed earlier in the day.]

Transaction Fee on Purchases of Creation Units. The Fund may impose a “Creation Transaction Fee” on purchases of Creation Units. The Creation Transaction Fee is paid to the Fund. The fee is designed to protect existing shareholders of the Fund from the costs associated with issuing Creation Units.

The Creation Transaction Fee applied to purchases of Creation Units of the Fund includes two components – a standard fee and a variable charge:

 

Transaction Fees

 

Standard Transaction Fee

    Variable Charge  
$ [             ]*      [            

 

* The Creation Transaction Fee may be higher for transactions outside NSCC’s enhanced clearing process.

 

- 29 -


With respect to creations involving the in-kind deposit of securities with the Fund through the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process, a flat (or standard) Creation Transaction Fee applies, regardless of the number of Creation Units purchased on a business day (assuming, in the case of multiple orders on the same day, that the orders are received at or near the same time). With respect to creations involving the in-kind deposit of securities with the Fund “outside” the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process, a higher standard Creation Transaction Fee may be imposed on each Creation Unit purchase of the Fund.

The Creation Transaction Fees imposed in creation transactions of the Fund involving a Cash Value may include a variable charge of up to [    ]% of the Cash Value. The variable charge does not apply to creation transactions involving only an In-Kind Creation Basket.

Investors who, directly or indirectly, use the services of a broker or other such intermediary to compile the securities in the In-Kind Creation Basket may pay additional fees for these services.

Redeeming Shares Directly from the Fund

You may redeem Fund shares directly from the Fund only in Creation Units or multiples thereof. To redeem shares directly with the Fund, you must be an Authorized Participant or you must redeem through an Authorized Participant. Creation Units may be redeemed in exchange for a “Fund Redemption.” A Fund Redemption consists of (i) a basket of securities – known as the In-Kind Redemption Basket – and Balancing Amount, or (ii) a Cash Value, in all instances equal to the value of a Creation Unit.

In-Kind Redemption Basket. If different from the In-Kind Creation Basket, the composition of the In-Kind Redemption Basket will be available on the NSCC bulletin board; otherwise, the In-Kind Creation Basket posted may be assumed to be the In-Kind Redemption Basket, too. The Fund may honor a redemption request with a nonconforming or “custom” In-Kind Redemption Basket.

Balancing Amount and Cash Component. In addition to the In-Kind Redemption Basket, a redeeming investor will receive from, or pay to, the Fund a Balancing Amount in cash, depending on whether the NAV of a Creation Unit is higher or lower than the value of the securities in the In-Kind Redemption Basket. If due to receive a Balancing Amount, the amount actually received will be reduced by the amount of the applicable Redemption Transaction Fee, described below. The Balancing Amount and the Redemption Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the Cash Component.

Cash Value. In lieu of the In-Kind Redemption Basket and a Balancing Amount, Creation Units may be redeemed for a Fund Redemption consisting solely of cash in an amount equal to the NAV of a Creation Unit, which amount is referred to as the Cash Value. Such redemptions will be subject to a variable charge, as explained above. [The transfer agent] will publish, on a daily basis, information about the Cash Value of a Creation Unit. With respect to any Fund Redemption consisting of a Cash Value, the Cash Value and Redemption Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the Cash Component.

 

- 30 -


Placement of Redemption Orders. As with purchases, redemptions must be processed either through the DTC process or the enhanced NSCC process. A redemption order is deemed received on the date of transmittal if it is received by the Distributor prior to the Order Cut-Off Time on that date, unless the NYSE or the bond markets close early that day in which case the Fund may require redemption orders to be received earlier in the day, and if all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement are followed.

Transaction Fee on Redemptions of Creation Units. The Fund may impose a Redemption Transaction Fee on redemptions of Creation Units. The Redemption Transaction Fee is paid to the Fund. The fee is designed to protect existing shareholders of the Fund from the costs associated with redeeming Creation Units. The amount of the Redemption Transaction Fee on redemptions effected through the NSCC and DTC is the same as that applied to creations and a variable charge may apply to the Cash Value. (See Transaction Fee on Purchases of Creation Units, page [XX]).

Additional Information About Buying and Selling Fund Shares

Legal Restrictions on Transactions in Certain Securities. An investor subject to a legal restriction with respect to a particular security required to be deposited in connection with the purchase of a Creation Unit may, at the Fund’s discretion, be permitted to deposit an equivalent amount of cash in substitution for any security which would otherwise be included in the In-Kind Creation Basket applicable to the purchase of a Creation Unit.

Creations and redemptions of shares will be subject to compliance with applicable federal and state securities laws, including that securities accepted for deposit and securities used to satisfy redemption requests are sold in transactions that would be exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act). The Fund (whether or not it otherwise permits cash redemptions) reserves the right to redeem Creation Units for cash to the extent that an investor could not lawfully purchase or the Fund could not lawfully deliver specific securities under such laws or the local laws of a jurisdiction in which the Fund invests. An Authorized Participant or an investor for which it is acting subject to a legal restriction with respect to a particular security included in an In-Kind Redemption Basket may be paid an equivalent amount of cash. An Authorized Participant or redeeming investor for which it is acting that is not a qualified institutional buyer (QIB) as defined in Rule 144A under the Securities Act will not be able to receive, as part of a redemption, restricted securities eligible for resale under Rule 144A.

Continuous Offering. You should be aware of certain legal risks unique to investors purchasing Creation Units directly from the Fund. Because shares may be issued on an ongoing basis, a “distribution” of shares could be occurring at any time. Certain activities that you perform with respect to the sale of shares could, depending on the circumstances, result in your being deemed to be a participant in the distribution, in a manner that could render you a statutory underwriter and subject you to the prospectus delivery and liability provisions of the Securities Act. For example, you could be deemed a statutory underwriter if you purchase Creation Units from the issuing Fund,

 

- 31 -


break them down into the constituent shares, and sell those shares directly to customers, or if you choose to couple the creation of a supply of new shares with an active selling effort involving solicitation of secondary-market demand for shares. Whether a person is an underwriter for purposes of the Securities Act depends upon all of the facts and circumstances pertaining to that person’s activities, and the examples mentioned here should not be considered a complete description of all the activities that could cause you to be deemed an underwriter.

Broker-dealer firms should also note that dealers who are not “underwriters” but are effecting transactions in shares, whether or not participating in the distribution of shares, are generally required to deliver a prospectus. This is because the prospectus delivery exemption in Section 4(3) of the Securities Act is not available in respect of such transactions as a result of Section 24(d) of the 1940 Act. As a result, broker-dealer firms should note that dealers who are not “underwriters” but are participating in a distribution (as opposed to engaging in ordinary secondary market transactions), and thus dealing with shares as part of an unsold allotment within the meaning of Section 4(3)(C) of the Securities Act, will be unable to take advantage of the prospectus delivery exemption provided by Section 4(3) of the Securities Act. For delivery of prospectuses to exchange members, the prospectus delivery mechanism of Rule 153 under the Securities Act is only available with respect to transactions on a national exchange.

Active Investors and Market Timing

The Board has determined not to adopt policies and procedures designed to prevent or monitor for frequent purchases and redemptions of the Fund’s shares because investors primarily transact in Fund shares on the secondary market. Frequent trading of shares on the secondary market does not disrupt portfolio management, increase the Fund’s trading costs, lead to realization of capital gains or otherwise harm Fund shareholders because these trades do not involve the issuance or redemption of Fund shares.

The Fund sells and redeems its shares at NAV only in Creation Units pursuant to the terms of a Participant Agreement between the Authorized Participant and the Distributor. With respect to such trades directly with the Fund, to the extent effected in-kind (i.e., for securities), they do not cause the harmful effects that may result from frequent cash trades.

The Board recognized that to the extent that the Fund allows or requires trades to be effected in whole or in part in cash, those trades could result in dilution to a Fund and increased transaction costs, which could negatively impact the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective. The Board also recognized, however, that direct trading by Authorized Participants is critical to ensuring that the Fund’s shares trade at or close to NAV. Further, the Fund may employ fair valuation pricing to minimize the potential for dilution from market timing. Moreover, the Fund imposes transaction fees on purchases and redemptions of Fund shares, which increase if an investor substitutes cash in part or in whole for securities, reflecting the fact that the Fund’s costs increase in those circumstances. The Fund reserves the right to impose additional restrictions on disruptive, excessive or short-term purchases.

 

- 32 -


Distribution and Service Fees

The Board has approved, and the Fund has adopted a distribution and service plan (the Plan) pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act. Under the Plan, the Fund is authorized to pay distribution fees to the Distributor and other firms that provide distribution and shareholder services (Service Providers). If a Service Provider provides such services, the Fund may pay fees at an annual rate not to exceed 0.25% of average daily net assets, pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act.

No distribution or service fees are currently paid by the Fund, however, and there are no current plans to impose these fees. In the event Rule 12b-1 fees are charged, over time they would increase the cost of an investment in the Fund.

Determination of Net Asset Value

NAV Calculation

The Fund calculates its NAV as follows:

 

NAV =

   (Value of assets) — (Liabilities)   
   Number of outstanding shares   

 

FUNDamentalsTM

Business Days

A business day is any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open. A business day ends at the close of regular trading on the NYSE, usually at 4:00 p.m. Eastern time. If the NYSE closes early, the business day ends as of the time the NYSE closes. On holidays and other days when the NYSE is closed, the Fund’s NAV is not calculated and the Fund does not accept buy or sell orders. However, the value of the Fund’s assets may still be affected on such days to the extent that the Fund holds foreign securities that trade on days that foreign securities markets are open.

Equity securities are valued primarily on the basis of market quotations reported on stock exchanges and other securities markets around the world. If an equity security is listed on a national exchange, the security is valued at the closing price or, if the closing price is not readily available, the mean of the closing bid and asked prices. Certain equity securities, debt securities and other assets are valued differently. For instance, bank loans trading in the secondary market are valued primarily on the basis of indicative bids, fixed-income investments maturing in 60 days or less are valued primarily using the amortized cost method and those maturing in excess of 60 days are valued at the readily

 

- 33 -


available market price, if available. Investments in other open-end funds are valued at their NAVs. Both market quotations and indicative bids are obtained from outside pricing services approved and monitored pursuant to a policy approved by the Fund’s Board.

If a market price isn’t readily available or is deemed not to reflect market value, the Fund will determine the price of the security held by the Fund based on a determination of the security’s fair value pursuant to a policy approved by the Fund’s Board. In addition, the Fund may use fair valuation to price securities that trade on a foreign exchange when a significant event has occurred after the foreign exchange closes but before the time at which the Fund’s share price is calculated. Foreign exchanges typically close before the time at which Fund share prices are calculated, and may be closed altogether on some days when the Fund is open. Such significant events affecting a foreign security may include, but are not limited to: (1) corporate actions, earnings announcements, litigation or other events impacting a single issuer; (2) governmental action that affects securities in one sector or country; (3) natural disasters or armed conflicts affecting a country or region; or (4) significant domestic or foreign market fluctuations. The Fund uses various criteria, including an evaluation of U.S. market moves after the close of foreign markets, in determining whether a foreign security’s market price is readily available and reflective of market value and, if not, the fair value of the security.

To the extent the Fund has significant holdings of small cap stocks, high yield bonds, floating rate loans, or tax-exempt, foreign or other securities that may trade infrequently, fair valuation may be used more frequently than for other funds. Fair valuation may have the effect of reducing stale pricing arbitrage opportunities presented by the pricing of Fund shares. However, when the Fund uses fair valuation to price securities, it may value those securities higher or lower than another fund would have priced the security. Also, the use of fair valuation may cause the Fund’s NAV to diverge from its market price and the Fund’s performance to diverge to a greater degree from the performance of various benchmarks used to compare the Fund’s performance because benchmarks generally do not use fair valuation techniques. Because of the judgment involved in fair valuation decisions, there can be no assurance that the value ascribed to a particular security is accurate. The Fund has retained one or more independent fair valuation pricing services to assist in the fair valuation process for foreign securities.

Distributions and Taxes

Distributions to Shareholders

The Fund pays out dividends from its net investment income, and distributes its net realized capital gains, if any, to shareholders [        ]. The Fund typically earns income in the form of dividends from its investments, and may earn investment income from other sources. These amounts, net of expenses, are passed along to Fund shareholders as “income dividends.” The Fund generally realizes capital gains or losses when it sells securities. Distributions of net short-term gains are generally taxed to shareholders as ordinary income. Net long-term capital gains are generally distributed to shareholders as capital gain distributions. See Taxes on Distributions below.

The Fund intends to pay out, in the form of distributions to shareholders, a sufficient amount of its income and gains so that the Fund will qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company and generally will not have to pay any federal excise tax. The Fund generally intends to distribute any

 

- 34 -


net realized capital gain (whether long-term or short-term gain) at least once a year. Normally, the Fund will declare and pay distributions of net investment income according to the following schedule:

 

Declarations

  [quarterly]

Distributions

  [quarterly]

The Fund may, however, declare or pay distributions of net investment income more or less frequently.

Brokers may make available to their customers who own shares the DTC book-entry dividend reinvestment service. To determine whether the dividend reinvestment service is available and whether there is a commission or other charge for using this service, consult your broker. Brokers may require Fund shareholders to adhere to specific procedures and timetables. If this service is available and used, dividend distributions of both income and net realized gains will be automatically reinvested in additional whole shares of the distributing Fund purchased in the secondary market. Without this service, investors would receive their distributions in cash.

Taxes

As with any investment, you should consider how your investment in shares will be taxed. The tax information in this prospectus is provided only as general information. You should consult your own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment in shares.

The Fund intends to qualify each year as a regulated investment company. A regulated investment company generally is not subject to tax at the entity level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, the Fund’s failure to qualify as a regulated investment company would result in Fund-level taxation, which would have an adverse affect on the value of your shares.

Fund distributions to you and sale of your shares will have tax consequences to you. Such consequences may not apply if you hold your shares through a tax-exempt entity or tax-deferred retirement account, such as an individual retirement account or 401(k) plan.

Taxes on Distributions

Distributions by the Fund generally are taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains. Distributions of the Fund’s investment company taxable income (which is, generally, ordinary income and net short-term capital gain in excess of net long-term capital loss and net gains or losses from certain foreign currency transactions generally will be taxable to you as ordinary income to the extent of the Fund’s current or accumulated earnings and profits, whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional shares.

 

- 35 -


Distributions of the Fund’s net capital gain (which is net long-term capital gain in excess of net short-term capital loss) that are properly reported to you by the Fund as capital gain dividends generally will be taxable to you as long-term capital gains at a maximum rate of 15% (and, without Congressional action, 20% for taxable years beginning after 2012) in the case of individuals, trusts or estates, regardless of your holding period in the Fund’s shares and regardless of whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional shares. Distributions in excess of the Fund’s earnings and profits first will reduce your adjusted tax basis in its shares and, after the adjusted basis is reduced to zero, will constitute capital gain. Such capital gain will be long-term capital gain and thus, will be taxed at the long-term gain rates described above, if the distributions are attributable to shares held by you for more than one year.

Distributions by the Fund that qualify as qualified dividend income are taxable to you at the long-term capital gain rate through 2012 and, without Congressional action, will be taxable as ordinary income thereafter. In order for a distribution by the Fund to be treated as qualified dividend income, it must be attributable to dividends the Fund receives on stock of most domestic corporations and certain foreign corporations with respect to which the Fund satisfies certain holding period and other requirements and you must meet similar requirements with respect to the Fund’s shares.

Effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, certain high-income individuals (as well as estates and trusts) will be subject to a new 3.8% Medicare contribution tax. For individuals, the 3.8% tax will apply to the lesser of (1) the amount (if any) by which the taxpayer’s modified adjusted gross income exceeds certain threshold amounts or (2) the taxpayer’s net investment income. Net investment income generally includes for this purpose dividends, including any capital gain dividends, paid by the Fund, and net capital gains recognized on the sale, redemption or exchange of shares of the Fund.

Corporate shareholders are generally eligible for the 70% dividends-received deduction with respect to the Fund’s ordinary income dividends that are attributable to dividends received by the Fund from domestic corporations, to the extent the Fund reports such dividends as qualifying for this deduction, and to the extent certain holding period and other requirements are met at the Fund and shareholder level.

Under a dividend reinvestment service, you may have the option to have all cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional Fund shares. Any distributions reinvested under such a service will nevertheless be taxable to you.

A distribution will reduce the Fund’s NAV per share and may be taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gain even though, from an investment standpoint, all or a portion of the distribution may constitute a return of your invested capital. In general, distributions are subject to U.S. federal income tax for the year when they are paid. However, certain distributions paid in January will be treated and reported as paid on December 31 of the prior year.

You may be subject to federal back-up withholding, at a rate of 28% (or 31% for amounts paid after December 31, 2012, unless Congress enacts legislation providing otherwise), if you have not

 

- 36 -


provided the Fund or, if you invest through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary, your intermediary, with a taxpayer identification number (for an individual, a Social Security Number) and made other required certifications, or if the IRS informs the Fund or your intermediary that you are otherwise subject to backup withholding. You may also be subject to state and local taxes on Fund distributions, and on sales or exchanges of Fund shares.

Taxes When Shares Are Sold

Generally, you will recognize taxable gain or loss if you sell or otherwise dispose of your shares. Any gain arising from such a disposition generally will be treated as long-term capital gain if you held the shares for more than one year; otherwise, it will be classified as short-term capital gain. However, any capital loss arising from the disposition of shares held for six months or less will be treated as long-term capital loss to the extent of the amount of capital gain dividends received with respect to such shares. In addition, all or a portion of any loss recognized upon a disposition of shares may be disallowed under “wash sale” rules if other shares of the Fund are purchased (whether through reinvestment of distributions or otherwise) within 30 days before or after the disposition. If disallowed, the loss will be reflected in an adjustment to the basis of the shares acquired.

Taxes on Purchase and Redemption of Creation Units

An Authorized Participant that exchanges securities for one or more Creation Units generally will recognize a gain or a loss on the exchange. The gain or loss will be equal to the difference between the market value of the Creation Unit(s) at the time and the exchanger’s aggregate basis in the securities surrendered plus (or minus) any Cash Component paid (or received). A person who redeems one or more Creation Units for securities will generally recognize a gain or loss equal to the difference between the exchanger’s basis in the Creation Unit(s) and the aggregate market value of the securities received plus (or minus) any Cash Component received (or paid). The Internal Revenue Service, however, may assert that a loss realized upon an exchange of securities for Creation Unit(s) cannot be deducted currently under the rules governing “wash sales,” or on the basis that there has been no significant change in economic position. Authorized Participants exchanging securities should consult their own tax advisor with respect to whether or when a loss might be deductible.

Any capital gain or loss realized upon a redemption of one or more Creation Units is generally treated as long-term capital gain or loss if the Creation Unit(s) have been held for more than one year and as short-term capital gain or loss if they have been held for one year or less.

If you purchase or redeem Creation Units, you will be sent a confirmation statement showing how many shares you purchased or sold and at what price.

The foregoing is only a summary of certain federal income tax considerations under current law, which is subject to change in the future. Your investment in the Fund may have other tax implications. The foregoing discussion does not apply to certain types of investors who may be subject to special rules, including foreign or tax-exempt investors or those holding Fund shares through a tax-advantaged account, such as a 401(k) plan or IRA.

 

- 37 -


You should consult your tax adviser for further information regarding federal, state, local and/or foreign tax consequences relevant to your specific situation. More information about taxes is in the Fund’s SAI.

Financial Highlights

Because the Fund has not commenced operations as of the date of this prospectus, it does not have financial highlights to present.

 

- 38 -


Additional Information About the Fund

Additional information about the Fund’s investments will be available in the Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports to shareholders. In the annual report, you will find a discussion of the market conditions and investment strategies that significantly affected the Fund’s performance during its last fiscal year. The SAI also provides additional information about the Fund and its policies. The SAI, which has been filed with the SEC, is legally part of this prospectus (incorporated by reference). To obtain these documents free of charge, to request other information about the Fund and to make shareholder inquiries contact Columbia Funds as follows:

 

By Mail:   

Columbia Funds

225 Franklin Street

Boston, MA 02110

  
By Telephone:    [800.774.3768 ]   
Online:    www.columbiamanagementetf.com   

Information Provided by the SEC

You can review and copy information about the Fund (including this prospectus, the SAI and shareholder reports) at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, DC. To find out more about the operation of the Public Reference Room, call the SEC at 202.551.8090. Reports and other information about the Fund are also available in the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. You can receive copies of this information, for a fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov or by writing the Public Reference Section, Securities and Exchange Commission, Washington, DC 20549-1520.

FUNDamentals™ is a trademark of Ameriprise Financial.

The investment company registration number of Columbia ETF Trust, of which the Fund is a series, is 811-22154.

 

- 39 -


[Logo]

 

- 40 -


Prospectus

   Columbia Management [logo]

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION  |  PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS  |  Dated as of August 16, 2012

Columbia International Equity ETF ([TICKER])

Prospectus [        ,         ]

This prospectus provides important information about the Columbia International Equity ETF (the Fund), an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that is a series of Columbia ETF Trust (the Trust), that you should know before investing. Please read it carefully and keep it for future reference.

These securities have not been approved or disapproved by the Securities and Exchange Commission nor has the Securities and Exchange Commission passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

Shares of the Fund (shares) will be listed and traded on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the Exchange).

Not FDIC Insured         May Lose Value         No Bank Guarantee


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

Summary of the Fund

     3   

Investment Objective

     3   

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

     3   

Principal Investment Strategies

     4   

Principal Risks

     5   

Performance Information

     8   

Fund Management

     8   

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

     8   

Tax Information

     9   

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

     9   

More Information About the Fund

     10   

Investment Objective

     10   

Principal Investment Strategies

     10   

Principal Risks

     11   

How Is the Fund Different from Index ETFs?

     16   

How Is the Fund Different from Traditional Mutual Funds?

     16   

Premium/Discount Information About the Fund

  

Additional Investment Strategies and Policies

     17   

Primary Service Providers

     21   

Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest

     24   

Certain Legal Matters

     25   

Buying and Selling Fund Shares

     26   

Buying and Selling Fund Shares on the Secondary Market

     26   

Buying Fund Shares Directly from the Fund

     27   

Redeeming Shares Directly from the Fund

     28   

Additional Information About Buying and Selling Fund Shares

     29   

Active Investors and Market Timing

     30   

Distribution and Service Fees

     31   

Determination of Net Asset Value

     31   

Distribution and Taxes

     32   

Financial Highlights

     36   

No person has been authorized to give any information or to make any representations other than those contained in this prospectus and the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information (SAI) dated [            ], [        ] (which is incorporated by reference into this prospectus and is legally a part of this prospectus) and, if given or made, such information or representations may not be relied upon as having been authorized by us.

 

- 2 -


Summary of the Fund

Investment Objective

The Fund seeks long-term capital appreciation.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.

 

Shareholder Fees (fees paid directly from your investment)

     None   

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

 

Management Fees

     [    ]

Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) fees(1)

     0.00

Other Expenses(2)

     [    ]

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses

     [    ]

Expense Reduction/Reimbursement(3)

     [    ]

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Expense Reduction/Reimbursement

     [    ]

 

(1) Pursuant to a Rule 12b-1 Distribution and Service Plan (the Plan), the Fund may bear a Rule 12b-1 fee not to exceed 0.25% per annum of the Fund’s average daily net assets. However, no such fee is currently paid by the Fund, and the Board of Trustees (the Board) has not currently approved the commencement of any payments under the Plan.
(2) Other expenses are based on estimated amounts for the Fund’s current fiscal year.
(3) Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager) and/or certain of its affiliates have contractually agreed to reduce their fees and/or reimburse Fund expenses (excluding interest, taxes, brokerage commissions, acquired fund fees and expenses, and extraordinary expenses), after giving effect to any balance credits or overdraft charges from the Fund’s custodian, in order to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses for shares of the Fund (the Expense Cap) to [    ]% of the Fund’s average net assets until [            ], [        ]. The Expense Cap may be terminated earlier only upon the approval of the Board.

Example

The following example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other funds. The example illustrates the hypothetical expenses that you would incur over the time periods indicated and assumes that:

 

   

you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the periods indicated,

 

- 3 -


   

your investment has a 5% return each year, and

 

   

the Fund’s total annual operating expenses remain the same as shown in the table above.

The example includes the contractual commitments to waive fees and reimburse expenses expiring as indicated in the table above. Since these waivers and/or reimbursements expire on [                    ], they are only reflected in the 1 year example and the first year of the 3 year example. This example does not reflect the brokerage commissions that you may pay to buy and sell Fund shares. Based on these assumptions your costs would be:

 

One Year   Three Years  
$[            ]   $ [            

Remember this is an example only. Your actual costs may be higher or lower.

Portfolio Turnover

The Fund may pay transaction costs, including commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the Fund’s performance. Because the Fund has not commenced operations as of the date of this prospectus, it does not have a portfolio turnover rate to present.

Principal Investment Strategies

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in equity securities, including but not limited to common stocks, preferred stocks and securities convertible into common or preferred stocks (collectively, stocks), of issuers based in at least three different countries located outside the United States. The Fund will primarily hold securities of large capitalization companies. The Fund will primarily invest in countries represented in the Morgan Stanley Capital International Europe Australasia Far East Index (Net) (the MSCI EAFE Index). The MSCI EAFE Index is comprised of equity securities of companies from various industrial sectors whose primary trading markets are located outside the United States. Companies included in the MSCI EAFE Index are selected from among the larger capitalization companies in these markets. The Fund considers companies with market capitalizations of more than $1 billion to be large capitalization companies. The Fund may also invest up to 25% of its net assets in emerging markets.

The Fund may invest directly in foreign securities or indirectly through closed-end investment companies and depositary receipts. The Fund may invest in currency forwards for hedging purposes and futures for both hedging and non-hedging purposes, including, for example, in seeking to enhance returns or, in certain circumstances, when holding a derivative is deemed preferable to holding the underlying asset.

 

- 4 -


The Fund will provide shareholders with at least 60 days’ written notice of any change in the 80% policy.

Principal Risks

An investment in the Fund involves risk, including those described below. There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The value of the Fund’s holdings may decline, and the Fund’s net asset value (NAV) and share price may go down.

Active Management Risk. Due to its active management, the Fund could underperform its benchmark index or other funds with similar investment objectives. The Fund may fail to achieve its investment objective(s) and may lose money.

Convertible Securities Risk. Convertible securities are subject to the usual risks associated with debt securities, such as interest rate risk and credit risk. Convertible securities also react to changes in the value of the common stock into which they convert, and are thus subject to market risk. The Fund may also be forced to convert a convertible security at an inopportune time, which may decrease the Fund’s return.

Depositary Receipts Risks. Depositary receipts are receipts issued by a bank or trust company and evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by foreign companies. Some foreign securities are traded in the form of American Depositary Receipts (ADRs). Depositary receipts involve the risks of other investments in foreign securities, including risks associated with investing in the particular country, including the political, regulatory, economic, social and other conditions or events occurring in the country, as well as fluctuations in its currency. In addition, ADR holders may not have all the legal rights of shareholders and may experience difficulty in receiving shareholder communications.

Derivatives Risk/Forward Foreign Currency Contracts Risk. These instruments are a type of derivative contract whereby the Fund may agree to buy or sell a country’s or region’s currency at a specific price on a specific date, usually 30, 60, or 90 days in the future. These contracts may fall in value due to foreign market downswings or foreign currency value fluctuations. The Fund’s investment or hedging strategies may not achieve their objectives. Investment in these instruments also subjects the Fund to counterparty risk and hedging risk.

Derivatives Risk/Futures Contracts Risk. The liquidity of the futures markets depends on participants entering into off-setting transactions rather than making or taking delivery. To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced. In addition, futures exchanges often impose a maximum permissible price movement on each futures contract for each trading session. The Fund may be disadvantaged if it is prohibited from executing a trade outside the daily permissible price movement. These transactions involve risks, including counterparty risk, hedging risk, pricing risk and liquidity risk. The Fund’s investment or hedging strategies may be unable to achieve their objectives.

Emerging Market Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in emerging market countries are more likely to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in

 

- 5 -


foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, emerging market countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Their economies are usually less mature and their securities markets are typically less developed with more limited trading activity (i.e., lower trading volumes and less liquidity) than more developed countries. Emerging market securities tend to be more volatile than securities in more developed markets. Many emerging market countries are heavily dependent on international trade and have fewer trading partners, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns in other countries, and some have a higher risk of currency devaluations.

Foreign Currency Risk. The performance of the Fund may be materially affected positively or negatively by foreign currency strength or weakness relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly if the Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in foreign securities or other assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.

Foreign Securities Risk. Investments in foreign securities involve certain risks not associated with investments in U.S. companies. Foreign securities subject the Fund to the risks associated with investing in the particular country or region, including the political, regulatory, economic, social, diplomatic and other conditions or events occurring in the country, as well as fluctuations in its currency and the risks associated with less developed custody and settlement practices. Foreign securities may be more volatile and less liquid than investments in U.S. companies.

Growth Securities Risk. Growth securities typically trade at a higher multiple of earnings than other types of equity securities. Accordingly, the market values of growth securities may be more sensitive to adverse economic or other circumstances or changes in current or expected earnings than the market values of other types of securities. In addition, growth securities, at times, may not perform as well as value securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

Investing in Other Funds Risk. The Fund’s investment in other funds (affiliated and/or unaffiliated funds, including exchange-traded funds (ETFs)) subjects the Fund to the investment performance (positive or negative) and risks of these underlying funds in direct proportion to the Fund’s investment therein. The performance of underlying funds could be adversely affected if other entities that invest in the same funds make relatively large investments or redemptions in such funds. The Fund, and its shareholders, indirectly bear a portion of the expenses of any funds in which the Fund invests. Because the expenses and costs of a fund are shared by its investors, redemptions by other investors in the fund could result in decreased economies of scale and increased operating expenses for such fund. The Investment Manager (or subadviser, as the case may be) may have potential conflicts of interest in selecting affiliated underlying funds for investment by the Fund because the fees paid to it by some underlying funds are higher than the fees paid by other underlying funds, as well as a potential conflict in selecting affiliated funds over unaffiliated funds.

Issuer Risk. An issuer in which the Fund invests may perform poorly, and therefore, the value of its securities may decline, which would negatively affect the Fund’s performance. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, breakthroughs in technology, reliance on suppliers, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures, natural disasters or other events, conditions or factors.

 

- 6 -


Market Risk. Market risk refers to the possibility that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise. An investment in the Fund could lose money over short or even long periods. In general, equity securities tend to have greater price volatility than debt securities.

Preferred Stock Risk. Preferred stock is a type of stock that pays dividends at a specified rate and that has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets. Preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. The price of a preferred stock is generally determined by earnings, type of products or services, projected growth rates, experience of management, liquidity, and general market conditions of the markets on which the stock trades. The most significant risks associated with investments in preferred stock include Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Secondary Market Trading Risk. Investors buying or selling shares in the secondary market will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. Brokerage commissions are often a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell relatively small amounts of shares.

Sector Risk. At times, the Fund may have a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a related group of industries within an economic sector. Companies in the same economic sector may be similarly affected by economic or market events, making the Fund more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly. The more a fund diversifies its investments, the more it spreads risk and potentially reduces the risks of loss and volatility.

Trading Discount to NAV Risk. The Fund’s shares may trade above or below their NAV. The NAV of the Fund will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of shares, however, will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of, and demand for, shares on the Exchange. The trading price of shares may deviate significantly from NAV. The Investment Manager cannot predict whether shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the securities held by the Fund. However, given that shares can be purchased and redeemed in large blocks of shares, called Creation Units (defined below) (unlike shares of closed-end funds, which frequently trade at appreciable discounts from, and sometimes at premiums to, their NAV), and the Fund’s portfolio holdings are fully disclosed on a daily basis, the Investment Manager believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of shares should not be sustained, but that may not be the case.

Trading Risk. Although the Shares will be listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active or liquid trading market for them will develop or be maintained. In addition, trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable. Further, trading in Shares on the Exchange is

 

- 7 -


subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to the Exchange “circuit breaker” rules. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the ETF will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

Value Securities Risk. Value securities are securities of companies that may have experienced, for example, adverse business, industry or other developments or may be subject to special risks that have caused the securities to be out of favor and, in turn, potentially undervalued. The market value of a portfolio security may not meet the Investment Manager’s future value assessment of that security, or may decline in price, even though in theory they are already undervalued. There is also a risk that it may take longer than expected for the value of these investments to rise to the believed value. In addition, value securities, at times, may not perform as well as growth securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

Performance Information

The Fund is new as of the date of this prospectus and therefore performance information is not available.

When available, the information will provide some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing how the Fund’s average annual returns compare with the following measure of market performance. The Fund intends to compare its performance to the performance of the MSCI EAFE Index (Net). When available, the Fund’s current performance information can be found at columbiamanagementetf.com. Past performance does not necessarily indicate how the Fund will perform in the future.

Fund Management

Investment Manager: Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager)

 

Portfolio Manager

  

Title

  

Managed Fund Since

Colin Moore    Co-Portfolio Manager    [    ]
Fred Copper, CFA    Co-Portfolio Manager    [    ]

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

The Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis only in large blocks of shares, typically 50,000 shares, called Creation Units. Creation Units are issued and redeemed in-kind for securities and/or for cash. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Once created, individual shares generally trade in the secondary market at market prices that change throughout the day. Market prices of shares may be greater or less than their NAV.

 

- 8 -


Tax Information

The Fund normally distributes net investment income and net realized capital gains, if any, to shareholders. These distributions are generally taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-advantaged account, such as a
401(k) plan or an IRA. If you are investing through a tax-advantaged account, you may be taxed upon withdrawals from that account.

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your financial advisor to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your financial advisor or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

- 9 -


More Information About the Fund

Investment Objective

The Fund seeks long-term capital appreciation. The Fund’s investment objective is not a fundamental policy and may be changed by the Fund’s Board of Trustees (the Board) without shareholder approval.

Principal Investment Strategies

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its net assets (plus the amount of any borrowings for investment purposes) in equity securities, including but not limited to common stocks, preferred stocks and securities convertible into common or preferred stocks (collectively, stocks), of issuers based in at least three different countries located outside the United States. The Fund will primarily hold securities of large capitalization companies. The Fund will primarily invest in countries represented in the Morgan Stanley Capital International Europe Australasia Far East Index (Net) (the MSCI EAFE Index). The MSCI EAFE Index is comprised of equity securities of companies from various industrial sectors whose primary trading markets are located outside the United States. Companies included in the MSCI EAFE Index are selected from among the larger capitalization companies in these markets. The Fund considers companies with market capitalizations of more than $1 billion to be large capitalization companies. The Fund may also invest up to 25% of its nets assets in emerging markets.

The Fund may invest directly in foreign securities or indirectly through closed-end investment companies and depositary receipts. The Fund may invest in currency forwards for hedging purposes and futures for both hedging and non-hedging purposes, including, for example, to seek to enhance returns or, in certain circumstances, when holding a derivative is deemed preferable to holding the underlying asset.

Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC (the Investment Manager) combines fundamental and quantitative analysis with risk management in identifying opportunities and constructing the Fund’s portfolio. The Investment Manager considers, among other factors:

 

 

businesses that are believed to be fundamentally sound and undervalued due to investor indifference, investor misperception of company prospects, or other factors;

 

 

various measures of valuation, including price-to-cash flow, price-to-earnings, price-to-sales, and price-to-book value. The Investment Manager believes that companies with lower valuations are generally more likely to provide opportunities for capital appreciation;

 

 

a company’s current operating margins relative to its historic range and future potential; and

 

 

potential indicators of stock price appreciation, such as anticipated earnings growth, company restructuring, changes in management, business model changes, new product opportunities or anticipated improvements in macroeconomic factors.

 

- 10 -


The Investment Manager may sell a security when the security’s price reaches a target set by the Investment Manager; if the Investment Manager believes that there is deterioration in the issuer’s financial circumstances or fundamental prospects; or that other investments are more attractive; or for other reasons.

The Fund’s policy of investing at least 80% of its net assets discussed in the Principal Investment Strategies section of this prospectus may be changed by the Board of Trustees (the Board) without shareholder approval as long as shareholders are given 60 days advance notice of the change.

Principal Risks

An investment in the Fund involves risk, including those described below. There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The value of the Fund’s holdings may decline, and the Fund’s NAV and share price may go down.

Active Management Risk. The Fund is actively managed and its performance therefore will reflect, in part, the ability of the portfolio managers to select investments and to make investment decisions that are suited to achieving the Fund’s investment objective. Due to its active management, the Fund could underperform its benchmark index or other funds with similar investment objectives and/or strategies. The Fund may fail to achieve its investment objective(s) and you may lose money.

Convertible Securities Risk. Convertible securities are subject to the usual risks associated with debt securities, such as interest rate risk (i.e., risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates) and redit risk (i.e., the risk that the issuer of a fixed-income security may or will default or otherwise become unable, or perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments when due). Convertible securities also react to changes in the value of the common stock into which they convert, and are thus subject to market risk (i.e., the risk that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise). Because the value of a convertible security can be influenced by both interest rates and the common stock’s market movements, a convertible security generally is not as sensitive to interest rates as a similar debt security, and generally will not vary in value in response to other factors to the same extent as the underlying common stock. In the event of a liquidation of the issuing company, holders of convertible securities would typically be paid before the company’s common stockholders but after holders of any senior debt obligations of the company. The Fund may be forced to convert a convertible security before it otherwise would choose to do so, which may decrease the Fund’s return.

Depositary Receipts Risks. Depositary receipts are receipts issued by a bank or trust company and evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by foreign companies. Some foreign securities are traded in the form of American Depositary Receipts (ADRs). Depositary receipts involve the risks of other investments in foreign securities, including risks associated with investing in the particular country, including the political, regulatory, economic, social and other conditions or events occurring in the country, as well as fluctuations in its currency. In addition, ADR holders may not have all the legal rights of shareholders and may experience difficulty in receiving shareholder communications.

 

- 11 -


Derivatives Risk/Forward Foreign Currency Contracts Risk. The use of forward foreign currency contracts is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. These instruments are a type of derivative contract, whereby the Fund may agree to buy or sell a country’s or region’s currency at a specific price on a specific date, usually 30, 60, or 90 days in the future. These instruments may fall in value due to foreign market downswings or foreign currency value fluctuations. The effectiveness of any currency hedging strategy by a Fund may be reduced by the Fund’s inability to precisely match forward contract amounts and the value of securities involved. Forward foreign currency contracts used for hedging may also limit any potential gain that might result from an increase or decrease in the value of the currency. When entering into forward foreign currency contracts, unanticipated changes in the currency markets could result in reduced performance for the Fund. The Fund may designate cash or securities for coverage purposes in an amount equal to the value of the Fund’s forward foreign currency contracts which may limit the Fund’s investment flexibility. If the value of the designated securities declines, additional cash or securities must be so designated. At or prior to maturity of a forward contract, the Fund may enter into an offsetting contract and may incur a loss to the extent there has been movement in forward contract prices. When the Fund converts its foreign currencies into U.S. dollars, it may incur currency conversion costs due to the spread between the prices at which it may buy and sell various currencies in the market. Investment in these instruments also subjects the Fund, among other factors, to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be unable to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument).

Derivatives Risk/Futures Contracts Risk. The use of futures contracts is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. A futures contract is a sales contract between a buyer (holding the “long” position) and a seller (holding the “short” position) for an asset with delivery deferred until a future date. The buyer agrees to pay a fixed price at the agreed future date and the seller agrees to deliver the asset. The seller hopes that the market price on the delivery date is less than the agreed upon price, while the buyer hopes for the contrary. The liquidity of the futures markets depends on participants entering into off-setting transactions rather than making or taking delivery. To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced. In addition, futures exchanges often impose a maximum permissible price movement on each futures contract for each trading session. The Fund may be disadvantaged if it is prohibited from executing a trade outside the daily permissible price movement. Investment in these instruments involve risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., that the instrument used to hedge against an opposite position may offset losses, but may also offset gains; there is no guarantee that a hedging strategy will eliminate the risk which the hedging strategy is intended to offset, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., the instrument may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., it may not be possible to liquidate the instrument at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses).

Emerging Market Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in emerging market countries are more likely to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, emerging market

 

- 12 -


countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Their economies are usually less mature and their securities markets are typically less developed with more limited trading activity (i.e., lower trading volumes and less liquidity) than more developed countries. Emerging market securities tend to be more volatile than securities in more developed markets. Many emerging market countries are heavily dependent on international trade and have fewer trading partners, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns in other countries. Some emerging market countries have a higher risk of currency devaluations, and some of these countries may experience periods of high inflation or rapid changes in inflation rates and may have hostile relations with other countries.

Foreign Currency Risk. The performance of the Fund may be materially affected positively or negatively by foreign currency strength or weakness relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly if the Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in foreign securities or other assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Currency rates in foreign countries may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time for a number of reasons, including changes in interest rates, imposition of currency controls and economic or political developments in the U.S. or abroad. The Fund may also incur currency conversion costs when converting foreign currencies into U.S. dollars.

Foreign Securities Risk. Foreign securities are subject to special risks as compared to securities of U.S. issuers. For example, foreign markets can be extremely volatile. Foreign securities are primarily denominated in foreign currencies. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may impact the value of foreign securities, without a change in the intrinsic value of those securities. Foreign securities may also be less liquid than domestic securities so that the Fund may, at times, be unable to sell foreign securities at desirable times or prices. Brokerage commissions, custodial costs and other fees are also generally higher for foreign securities. The Fund may have limited or no legal recourse in the event of default with respect to certain foreign securities, including those issued by foreign governments. In addition, foreign governments may impose withholding or other taxes on the Fund’s income and capital gain on foreign securities, which could reduce the Fund’s yield on such securities. Other risks include possible delays in the settlement of transactions or in the payment of income; generally less publicly available information about companies; the impact of economic, political, social, diplomatic or other conditions or events; possible seizure, expropriation or nationalization of a company or its assets; possible imposition of currency exchange controls; accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards that may be less comprehensive and stringent than those applicable to domestic companies; and local agents are held only to the standard of care of the local markets, which may be less reliable than the U.S. markets. It may be difficult to obtain reliable information about the securities and business operations of certain foreign issuers. Governments or trade groups may compel local agents to hold securities in designated depositories that are not subject to independent evaluation. The less developed a country’s securities market is, the greater the level of risks.

Growth Securities Risk. Growth securities typically trade at a higher multiple of earnings than other types of equity securities. Accordingly, the market values of growth securities may be more sensitive to adverse economic or other circumstances or changes in current or expected earnings

 

- 13 -


than the market values of other types of securities. In addition, growth securities, at times, may not perform as well as value securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

Investing in Other Funds Risk. The Fund’s investment in other funds (affiliated and/or unaffiliated funds, including exchange-traded funds (ETFs)) subjects the Fund to the investment performance (positive or negative) and risks of these underlying funds in direct proportion to the Fund’s investment therein. The performance of underlying funds could be adversely affected if other entities that invest in the same underlying funds make relatively large investments or redemptions in such underlying funds. The Fund, and its shareholders, indirectly bear a portion of the expenses of any funds in which the Fund invests. Because the expenses and costs of a fund are shared by its investors, redemptions by other investors in the fund could result in decreased economies of scale and increased operating expenses for such fund. These transactions might also result in higher brokerage, tax or other costs for the Fund. This risk may be particularly important when one investor owns a substantial portion of another fund. The Investment Manager (or subadviser, as the case may be) may have potential conflicts of interest in selecting affiliated underlying funds for investment by the Fund because the fees paid to it by some underlying funds are higher than the fees paid by other underlying funds, as well as a potential conflict in selecting affiliated funds over unaffiliated funds.

Issuer Risk. An issuer in which the Fund invests may perform poorly, and therefore, the value of its securities may decline, which would negatively affect the Fund’s performance. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, breakthroughs in technology, reliance on suppliers, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures, natural disasters or other events, conditions or factors.

Market Risk. Market risk refers to the possibility that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise. Security values may fall or fail to rise because of a variety of factors affecting (or the market’s perception of) individual companies (e.g., an unfavorable earnings report), industries or sectors, or the markets as a whole, reducing the value of an investment in the Fund. Accordingly, an investment in the Fund could lose money over short or even long periods. The market values of the securities the Fund holds also can be affected by changes or perceived changes in U.S. or foreign economies and financial markets, and the liquidity of these securities, among other factors. In general, equity securities tend to have greater price volatility than debt securities. In addition, common stock prices may be sensitive to rising interest rates, as the cost of capital rises and borrowing costs increase.

Preferred Stock Risk. Preferred stock is a type of stock that pays dividends at a specified rate and that has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets. Preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. The price of a preferred stock is generally determined by earnings, type of products or services, projected growth rates, experience of management, liquidity, and general market conditions of the markets on which the stock trades. The most significant risks associated with investments in preferred stock include Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

 

- 14 -


Secondary Market Trading Risk. Investors buying or selling shares in the secondary market will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. Brokerage commissions are often a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell relatively small amounts of shares. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that an investor is willing to pay for shares (the bid price) and the price at which an investor is willing to sell shares (the ask price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.” The bid/ask spread varies over time for shares based on trading volume and market liquidity, and is generally lower if the Fund’s shares have more trading volume and market liquidity and higher if the Fund’s shares have little trading volume and market liquidity. Further, increased market volatility may cause increased bid/ask spreads.

Sector Risk. At times, the Fund may have a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a related group of industries within an economic sector. Companies in the same economic sector may be similarly affected by economic or market events, making the Fund more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly. The more a fund diversifies its investments, the more it spreads risk and potentially reduces the risks of loss and volatility.

Trading Discount to NAV Risk. The Fund’s shares may trade above or below their NAV. The NAV of the Fund will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of shares, however, will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of, and demand for, shares on the Exchange. The trading price of shares may deviate significantly from NAV. The Investment Manager cannot predict whether shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the securities held by the Fund. However, given that shares can be purchased and redeemed in large blocks of shares, called Creation Units (defined below) (unlike shares of closed-end funds, which frequently trade at appreciable discounts from, and sometimes at premiums to, their NAV), and the Fund’s portfolio holdings are fully disclosed on a daily basis, the Investment Manager believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of shares should not be sustained, but that may not be the case.

Trading Risk. Although the Shares will be listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active or liquid trading market for them will develop or be maintained. In addition, trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable. Further, trading in Shares on the Exchange is subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to the Exchange “circuit breaker” rules. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the ETF will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

Value Securities Risk. Value securities are securities of companies that may have experienced, for example, adverse business, industry or other developments or may be subject to special risks that have caused the securities to be out of favor and, in turn, potentially undervalued. The market value of a portfolio security may not meet the Investment Manager’s future value assessment of that security, or may decline in price, even though in theory they are already undervalued. There is also

 

- 15 -


a risk that it may take longer than expected for the value of these investments to rise to the believed value. In addition, value securities, at times, may not perform as well as growth securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

How Is the Fund Different from Index ETFs?

Whereas index-based ETFs seek to replicate the holdings of a specified index, the Fund uses an actively managed investment strategy to meet its investment objective. Thus, the Fund’s Investment Manager has the discretion on a daily basis to choose securities for the Fund’s portfolio consistent with the Fund’s investment objective.

The Fund is designed for investors who seek exposure to an actively managed portfolio of international equity securities. The Fund may be suitable for long-term investment and may also be used as an asset allocation tool or as a trading instrument.

How Is the Fund Different from Traditional Mutual Funds?

Redeemability. Traditional mutual fund shares may be bought from, and redeemed with, the issuing fund for cash at NAV typically calculated once at the end of the business day. Shares of the Fund, by contrast, cannot be purchased from or redeemed with the Fund except by or through Authorized Participants (defined below), and then typically for an in-kind basket of securities (and a limited cash amount). In addition, the Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis only in large blocks of shares, typically 50,000 shares, called Creation Units.

Exchange Listing. Unlike traditional mutual fund shares, the Fund’s shares will be listed for trading on the Exchange. Investors can purchase and sell shares on the secondary market through a broker. Investors purchasing shares in the secondary market through a brokerage account or with the assistance of a broker may be subject to brokerage commissions and charges. Secondary-market transactions do not occur at NAV, but at market prices that change throughout the day, based on the supply of, and demand for, shares and on changes in the prices of the Fund’s portfolio holdings. The market price of shares may differ from the NAV of the Fund. The difference between market price of shares and the NAV of the Fund is called a premium when the market price is above the reported NAV and called a discount when the market price is below the reported NAV, and the difference is expected to be small most of the time, though it may be significant, especially in times of extreme market volatility or other conditions.

[Tax Treatment. An ETF’s shares (such as the Fund’s shares) may be more tax-efficient than interests in traditional mutual fund shares. Specifically, their in-kind creation and redemption feature may help to minimize for Fund shareholders the adverse tax consequences generally associated with cash transactions in mutual fund shares, including cash redemptions. Nevertheless, to the extent redemptions are effectuated for cash, the Fund may realize capital gains or losses, including in some cases short-term capital gains, which are taxable to Fund shareholders as ordinary income, upon the sale of portfolio securities to effect a cash redemption. Because the Fund is actively managed, it may generate more taxable gains for shareholders than an index-based fund or ETF, particularly during the Fund’s growth stages when portfolio changes are more likely to be implemented within the Fund by buying and selling portfolio securities rather than through the in-kind purchase and redemption mechanism. In addition, the Fund may invest in derivatives, the use of which will generally result in distributions to investors that are treated as ordinary income.]

 

- 16 -


Additional Investment Strategies and Policies

This section describes certain strategies and policies that the Fund may utilize in pursuit of its investment objective, and describes some additional factors and risks involved with investing in the Fund.

Investment Guidelines

As a general matter, unless otherwise noted, whenever an investment policy or limitation states a percentage of the Fund’s assets that may be invested in any security or other asset, or sets forth a policy regarding an investment standard, compliance with that percentage limitation or standard will be determined solely at the time of the Fund’s acquisition of the security or asset.

Holding Other Kinds of Investments

The Fund may hold investments that are not part of its principal investment strategies. These investments and their risks are described below and in the SAI. The Fund may choose not to invest in certain securities described in this prospectus and in the SAI, although it has the ability to do so.

Investments by Affiliated Funds

The Investment Manager or an affiliate serves as investment adviser to the Columbia Funds, including those that are structured as “fund-of-funds,” which provide asset-allocation services to shareholders by investing in shares of other Columbia Funds (which may include the Fund and collectively are referred to as Underlying Funds) and to discretionary managed accounts (collectively referred to as affiliated products) that invest exclusively in Underlying Funds. These affiliated products, individually or collectively, may own a significant percentage of the outstanding shares of one or more Underlying Funds, and the Investment Manager seeks to balance potential conflicts of interest between the affiliated products and the Underlying Funds in which they invest. The affiliated products’ investment in the Underlying Funds may have the effect of creating economies of scale, possibly resulting in lower expense ratios for the Underlying Funds, because the affiliated products may own substantial portions of the shares of Underlying Funds. However, redemption of Underlying Fund shares by one or more affiliated products could cause the expense ratio of an Underlying Fund to increase, as its fixed costs would be spread over a smaller asset base. Because of these large positions of the affiliated products, the Underlying Funds may experience relatively large purchases or redemptions. Although the Investment Manager may seek to minimize the impact of these transactions where possible, for example, by structuring them over a reasonable period of time or through other measures, Underlying Funds may experience increased expenses as they buy and sell securities to manage these transactions. Further, when the Investment Manager structures transactions over a reasonable period of time in order to manage the potential impact of the buy and sell decisions for the affiliated products, these affiliated products, including funds-of-funds, may pay more or less (for purchase activity), or receive more or less (for redemption activity), for shares of the Underlying Funds than if the transactions were executed in one transaction. In addition, substantial redemptions by the affiliated products within a short period of

 

- 17 -


time could require the Underlying Fund (if an ETF, to the extent they are not effected in kind) to liquidate positions more rapidly than would otherwise be desirable, which may have the effect of reducing or eliminating potential gain or causing it to realize a loss. Substantial redemptions may also adversely affect the ability of the Underlying Fund to implement its investment strategy. The Investment Manager also has an economic conflict of interest in determining the allocation of the affiliated products’ assets among the Underlying Funds, as it earns different fees from the various Underlying Funds.

Investing in Money Market Funds

The Fund may invest uninvested cash, including, if implemented for the Fund, cash collateral received in connection with its securities lending program, in shares of registered or unregistered money market funds, including funds advised by the Investment Manager. These funds are not insured or guaranteed by the FDIC or any other government agency. The Fund and its shareholders indirectly bear a portion of the expenses of any money market fund or other fund in which the Fund may invest. The Investment Manager and its affiliates receive fees from any such funds that are affiliated funds for providing advisory and other services in addition to the fees which they are entitled to receive from the Fund for services provided directly.

Lending of Portfolio Securities

The Fund may lend portfolio securities to broker-dealers, banks or other institutional borrowers of securities to generate additional income. Securities lending typically involves counterparty risk, including the risk that a borrower may not provide additional collateral when required or return the loaned securities in a timely manner. In the Fund’s securities lending program, the counterparty risk related to borrowers not providing additional collateral or returning loaned securities in a timely manner is borne by the securities lending agent, which has indemnified the Fund against these risks. However, the Fund may lose money from lending securities (or the amounts earned from securities lending may be limited) if, for example, the value of or return on its investments of the cash collateral declines below the amount owed to a borrower. For more information on lending of portfolio securities and the risks involved, see the Fund’s SAI and, when available, its annual and semi-annual reports to shareholders.

Investing Defensively

The Fund may from time to time take temporary defensive investment positions that may be inconsistent with the Fund’s principal investment strategies in attempting to respond to adverse market, economic, political, social or other conditions including, without limitation (i) investing some or all of its assets in money market instruments or shares of affiliated or unaffiliated money market funds, (ii) holding some or all of its assets in cash or cash equivalents, or (iii) investing in derivatives, such as futures (e.g., index futures) or options on futures for various purposes, including among others, investing in particular derivatives to achieve indirect investment exposure to a sector, country or region where the Investment Manager or the Fund’s subadviser (as the case may be) believes such defensive positioning is appropriate. While the Fund is so positioned defensively, derivatives could comprise a substantial portion of the Fund’s investments. (See above for more information on the risks of investing in derivatives.)

 

- 18 -


The Fund may not achieve its investment objective while it is investing defensively. During these times, the portfolio managers may make frequent portfolio holding changes, which could result in increased trading expenses and taxes, and decreased Fund performance. See also More Information About the Fund — Investing in Money Market Funds for more information.

Fund Website and Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings

Information about the Fund may be found at www.columbiamanagementetf.com. Among other things, this website includes this prospectus and the SAI, the Fund’s holdings, the Fund’s last annual and semi-annual reports (when available), pricing information about shares trading on the Exchange, daily NAV calculations and a historical comparison of the trading prices to NAV.

Each day the Fund is open for business, it publicly disseminates the Fund’s full portfolio holdings as of the close of the previous business day through its website at www.columbiamanagementetf.com. In addition, the In-Kind Creation Basket and In-Kind Redemption Basket, which identify the securities and share quantities which may be delivered in exchange for purchases and redemptions of Creation Units as discussed below and in the SAI, are publicly disseminated each business day prior to the opening of trading on the Exchange via the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC).

Mailings to Households

In seeking to reduce shareholder Fund expenses, the Fund may, if prior consent has been provided by Fund account holders, mail only one copy of the Fund’s prospectus and each annual and semi-annual report to those addresses shared by two or more accounts. If you wish to receive individual copies of these documents, call [                    ] or, if your shares are held through a financial intermediary, contact your intermediary directly.

Additional Information on Portfolio Turnover

A fund that replaces, or turns over, more than 100% of its investments in a year may be considered to have a high portfolio turnover rate. A high portfolio turnover rate can generate larger distributions of short-term capital gains to shareholders, which for individuals are generally taxable at higher rates than long-term capital gains for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A high portfolio turnover rate can also mean higher brokerage and other transaction costs, which could reduce a fund’s returns. In general, the greater the volume of buying and selling by a fund, the greater the impact that brokerage commissions will have on its returns. The Fund may sell securities regardless of how long they’ve been held. A higher portfolio turnover rate may reduce the relative, potential tax efficiency of the Fund compared with traditional mutual funds to the extent redemptions are not effected in kind.

More About Annual Fund Operating Expenses and Past Performance

The following information is presented in addition to, and should be read in conjunction with, the information on annual fund operating expenses and performance included in this prospectus.

 

- 19 -


Calculation of Annual Fund Operating Expenses. Annual fund operating expenses shown in the Fees and Expenses of the Fund section of this Prospectus generally are based on an estimate of expenses that will be incurred during the Fund’s current fiscal year and are expressed as a percentage (expense ratio) of the Fund’s expected average net assets during that fiscal year. In general, the Fund’s expense ratios will increase as its net assets decrease, such that the Fund’s actual expense ratios may be higher than the expense ratios presented in the Annual Fund Operating Expenses table. [Any commitment by the Investment Manager and/or its affiliates to waive fees and/or cap (reimburse) expenses is expected to provide a limit, during the term of the commitment, to the impact of any increase in the Fund’s operating expense ratios that would otherwise result because of a decrease in the Fund’s assets in the current fiscal year.]

Section 12(d)(1) Information

Columbia ETF Trust (the Trust) and the Fund are part of the Columbia family of Funds and are related for purposes of investor and investment services, as defined in Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act.

For purposes of the 1940 Act, shares are issued by a registered investment company and purchases of such shares by registered investment companies and companies relying on Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act are subject to the restrictions set forth in Section 12(d)(1) of the 1940 Act, except as permitted by an exemptive order of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC has granted the Trust such an order to permit registered investment companies to invest in shares beyond the limits in
Section 12(d)(1)(A), subject to certain terms and conditions, including that the registered investment company first enter into a written agreement with the Trust regarding the terms of the investment. Accordingly, registered investment companies that wish to rely on the order must first enter into such a written agreement with the Trust and should contact the Trust to do so.

 

- 20 -


Primary Service Providers

The Investment Manager

The Investment Manager is located at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA 02110 and serves as investment adviser to the Columbia Funds. The Investment Manager is a registered investment adviser and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ameriprise Financial, Inc. (Ameriprise Financial). Ameriprise Financial is a financial planning and financial services company that has been offering solutions for clients’ asset accumulation, income management and protection needs for more than 110 years. The Investment Manager’s management experience covers all major asset classes, including equity securities, fixed-income securities and money market instruments. In addition to serving as an investment adviser to mutual funds, closed-end funds and ETFs, the Investment Manager acts as an investment adviser for itself, its affiliates, individuals, corporations, retirement plans, private investment companies and financial intermediaries.

Subject to oversight by the Board, the Investment Manager manages the day-to-day operations of the Fund, determines what securities and other investments the Fund should buy or sell and executes the portfolio transactions. Although the Investment Manager is responsible for the investment management of the Fund, the Investment Manager may delegate certain of its duties to one or more investment subadvisers. The Investment Manager may use the research and other capabilities of its affiliates and third parties in managing investments.

The Fund pays the Investment Manager a fee for its investment advisory services. The fee is calculated as a percentage of the average daily net assets of the Fund and is paid monthly. Under the Investment Management Services Agreement (IMS Agreement), the fee is [    ]% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

A discussion regarding the basis for the Board’s approval of the Fund’s IMS Agreement with the Investment Manager will be available in the Fund’s first report to shareholders.

Subadviser(s)

The Investment Manager may, subject to the approval of the Board, engage an investment subadviser or subadvisers to make the day-to-day investment decisions for the Fund. The Investment Manager retains ultimate responsibility (subject to Board oversight) for overseeing any subadviser it engages and for evaluating the Fund’s needs and the subadvisers’ skills and abilities on an ongoing basis. Based on its evaluations, the Investment Manager may at times recommend to the Board that the Fund change, add or terminate one or more subadvisers; continue to retain a subadviser even though the subadviser’s ownership or corporate structure has changed; or materially change a subadvisory agreement with a subadviser.

The SEC has issued an order that permits the Investment Manager, subject to the approval of the Board, to appoint an unaffiliated subadviser or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement for the Fund without first obtaining shareholder approval. The order permits the Fund to add or to change unaffiliated subadvisers or to change the fees paid to subadvisers from time to time without the expense and delays associated with obtaining shareholder approval of the change. The

 

- 21 -


Investment Manager and its affiliates may have other relationships, including significant financial relationships, with current or potential subadvisers or their affiliates, which may create certain conflicts of interest. When making recommendations to the Board to appoint or to change a subadviser, or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement, the Investment Manager discloses to the Board the nature of any material relationships it has with a subadviser or its affiliates.

At present, the Investment Manager has not engaged any investment subadviser for the Fund. If a subadviser is engaged, within
90 days of that action, Fund shareholders would receive information about the subadviser and the prospectus would be supplemented as necessary.

Portfolio Managers

Information about the Investment Manager’s portfolio managers who are primarily responsible for overseeing the Fund’s investments are shown below. The SAI provides more information about the portfolio manager’s compensation, other accounts managed by each portfolio manager and the portfolio managers’ ownership of securities in the Fund.

Colin Moore

Co-Portfolio Manager. Service with the Fund since [                    ].

 

 

Chief Investment Officer of the Investment Manager.

 

 

Joined the Investment Manager in 2002.

 

 

Began investment career in 1983 and completed the Investment Management Program at the London Business School.

Fred Copper, CFA

Co-Portfolio Manager. Service with the Fund since [                    ].

 

 

Joined the Investment Manager in 2005.

 

 

Began investment career in 1990.

 

 

BS, Boston College; MBA, University of Chicago.

Other Service Providers

[                    ] (the Distributor), [address], serves as the distributor of Creation Units for the Fund on an agency basis. The Distributor does not maintain a secondary market in shares.

[                    (          ), ], is the administrator, fund accountant, transfer agent and custodian for the Fund.

[                    ] serves as the Fund’s independent registered public accounting firm. The independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for auditing the annual financial statements of the Fund.

[Expense Reimbursement Arrangements

The Investment Manager and certain of its affiliates have contractually agreed to waive fees and/or reimburse expenses (excluding certain fees and expenses described below) through [        ], unless sooner terminated at the sole discretion of the Board, so that the Fund’s net operating expenses, after giving effect to fees waived/expenses reimbursed and any balance credits and/or overdraft charges from the Fund’s custodian, do not exceed the annual rate of [    ]%.

 

- 22 -


Under the agreement, the following fees and expenses are excluded from the Fund’s operating expenses when calculating the waiver/reimbursement commitment, and therefore will be paid by the Fund, if applicable: taxes (including foreign transaction taxes), expenses associated with investment in affiliated and non-affiliated pooled investment vehicles (including mutual funds and other exchange-traded funds), transaction costs and brokerage commissions, costs related to any securities lending program, dividend expenses associated with securities sold short, inverse floater program fees and expenses, transaction charges and interest on borrowed money, interest, extraordinary expenses and any other expenses the exclusion of which is specifically approved by the Board. This agreement may be modified or amended only with approval from the Board and the Investment Manager.]

 

- 23 -


Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates - Certain Conflicts of Interest

The Investment Manager and its affiliates provide various services to the Fund and other Columbia Funds for which they are compensated. Ameriprise Financial and its other affiliates may also provide other services to these funds and be compensated for them.

The Investment Manager and its affiliates may provide investment advisory and other services to other clients and customers substantially similar to those provided to the Columbia Funds. These activities, and other financial services activities of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, may present actual and potential conflicts of interest and introduce certain investment constraints.

Ameriprise Financial is a major financial services company, engaged in a broad range of financial activities beyond the mutual fund-related activities of the Investment Manager, including, among others, insurance, broker-dealer (sales and trading), asset management, banking and other financial activities. These additional activities may involve multiple advisory, financial, insurance and other interests in securities and other instruments, and in companies that issue securities and other instruments, that may be bought, sold or held by the Columbia Funds.

Conflicts of interest and limitations that could affect a Columbia Fund may arise from, for example, the following:

 

   

compensation and other benefits received by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates related to the management/administration of a Columbia Fund and the sale of its shares;

 

   

the allocation of, and competition for, investment opportunities among the Fund, other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates, or Ameriprise Financial itself and its affiliates;

 

   

separate and potentially divergent management of a Columbia Fund and other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates;

 

   

regulatory and other investment restrictions on investment activities of the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates and accounts advised/managed by them;

 

   

insurance and other relationships of Ameriprise Financial affiliates with companies and other entities in which a Columbia Fund invests; and

 

   

regulatory and other restrictions relating to the sharing of information between Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the Investment Manager, and a Columbia Fund.

In addition, to the extent the Investment Manager manages open-end and closed-end funds and other separate accounts with investment programs that are substantially similar to that of the Fund (Comparable Accounts), because the Fund discloses its portfolio holdings on a daily basis and the Comparable Accounts may have unexecuted portfolio transactions outstanding, the Investment Manager may, from time to time, delay implementing portfolio changes in a security for the Fund or delay allocating investment opportunities to the Fund until such time as the Comparable Accounts have completed their purchase or sale orders for that security. As a result, by the time the Fund implements the portfolio change, the price for the security may be less favorable for the Fund than the Comparable Accounts. Please see the SAI for more information.

 

- 24 -


The Investment Manager and Ameriprise Financial have adopted various policies and procedures that are intended to identify, monitor and address conflicts of interest. However, there is no assurance that these policies, procedures and disclosures will be effective.

Additional information about Ameriprise Financial and the types of conflicts of interest and other matters referenced above is set forth in the Investment Advisory and Other Services - Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates - Certain Conflicts of Interest section of the SAI. Investors in the Columbia Funds should carefully review these disclosures and consult with their financial advisor if they have any questions.

Certain Legal Matters

Ameriprise Financial and certain of its affiliates have historically been involved in a number of legal, arbitration and regulatory proceedings, including routine litigation, class actions and governmental actions, concerning matters arising in connection with the conduct of their business activities. Ameriprise Financial believes that the Fund is not currently the subject of, and that neither Ameriprise Financial nor any of its affiliates is the subject of, any pending legal, arbitration or regulatory proceedings that are likely to have a material adverse effect on the Fund or the ability of Ameriprise Financial or its affiliates to perform under their contracts with the Fund. Information regarding certain pending and settled legal proceedings may be found in the Fund’s shareholder reports and in the SAI. Additionally, Ameriprise Financial is required to make 10-Q, 10-K and, as necessary, 8-K filings with the SEC on legal and regulatory matters that relate to Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates. Copies of these filings may be obtained by accessing the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

 

- 25 -


Buying and Selling Fund Shares

Shares are issued or redeemed by the Fund at NAV per share only in Creation Units of 50,000 shares. The value of one Creation Unit of the Fund is expected to be over $1 million.

Shares trade on the secondary market, however, which is where most retail investors will buy and sell shares. It is expected that only a limited number of institutional investors will purchase and redeem shares directly from the Fund. Thus, certain information in this prospectus is not relevant to most retail investors. For example, information about buying and redeeming shares directly from the Fund and about transaction fees imposed on such purchases and redemptions is not relevant to most retail investors.

Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the Fund’s shares are not redeemable with the Fund. Additional information about the procedures regarding creation and redemption of Creation Units (including the cut-off times for receipt of creation and redemption orders) is included in the SAI.

Buying and Selling Fund Shares on the Secondary Market

Most investors will buy and sell shares in secondary market transactions through brokers and therefore, must have a brokerage account to buy and sell shares. Shares can be bought or sold through your broker throughout the trading day like shares of any publicly traded issuer. When buying or selling shares through a broker, you will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges, and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered prices in the secondary market for shares. The price at which you buy or sell shares (i.e., the market price) may be more or less than the NAV of the shares. Unless imposed by your broker, there is no minimum dollar amount you must invest in the Fund and no minimum number of shares you must buy.

Shares of the Fund will be listed on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the Exchange) under the symbol: [ticker]

The Exchange is generally open Monday through Friday and is closed for weekends and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

For information about buying and selling shares on the Exchange or in the secondary markets, please contact your broker or dealer.

Book Entry. Shares are held in book entry form, which means that no stock certificates are issued. The Depository Trust Company (DTC), or its nominee, is the registered owner of all outstanding shares of the Fund and is recognized as the owner of all shares. Participants in DTC include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other institutions that directly or indirectly maintain a custodial relationship with DTC. As a beneficial owner of shares, you are not entitled to receive physical delivery of stock certificates or to have shares registered in your name, and you are not considered a registered owner of shares. Therefore, to exercise any right as an owner of shares, you must rely on the procedures of DTC and its participants. These procedures are the same as those that apply to any stocks that you hold in book

 

- 26 -


entry or “street name” through your brokerage account. Your account information will be maintained by your broker, which will provide you with account statements, confirmations of your purchases and sales of shares, and tax information. Your broker also will be responsible for distributing income dividends and capital gain distributions and for ensuring that you receive shareholder reports and other communications from the Fund.

Share Trading Prices. The trading prices of the Fund’s shares may differ from the Fund’s daily NAV and can be affected by market forces of supply and demand for the Fund’s shares, the prices of the Fund’s portfolio securities, economic conditions and other factors. The Exchange or another market information provider intends to disseminate the approximate value of the Fund’s portfolio every fifteen seconds. This approximate value should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the NAV of the Fund because the approximate value may not be calculated in the same manner as the NAV, which is computed once a day. The quotations for certain investments may not be updated during U.S. trading hours if such holdings do not trade in the U.S., except such quotations may be updated to reflect currency fluctuations. The Fund is not involved in, or responsible for, the calculation or dissemination of the approximate values and makes no warranty as to the accuracy of these values.

Buying Fund Shares Directly from the Fund

You can purchase Fund shares directly from the Fund only in Creation Units or multiples thereof. The number of shares in a Creation Unit may, but is not expected to, change over time. The Fund will not issue fractional Creation Units. Creation Units may be purchased in exchange for a basket of securities (known as the In-Kind Creation Basket and a Cash Component) or for an all cash payment (that would be treated as the Cash Component (discussed below) in connection with purchases not involving an In-Kind Creation Basket). The Fund reserves the right to reject any purchase request at any time, for any reason, and without notice. The Fund can stop selling shares or postpone payment of redemption proceeds at times when the Exchange is closed or under any emergency circumstances as determined by SEC.

To purchase shares directly from the Fund, you must be an Authorized Participant or you must purchase through a broker that is an Authorized Participant. An “Authorized Participant” is a participant of the Continuous Net Settlement System of the NSCC or the DTC that has executed a Participant Agreement with the Distributor. The Distributor will provide a list of Authorized Participants upon request. Authorized Participants may purchase Creation Units of shares, and sell individual shares on the Exchange. See Continuous Offering below.

In-Kind Creation Basket. On each business day, prior to the opening of trading on the Exchange, [the transfer agent] will post on the NSCC bulletin board the In-Kind Creation Basket for the Fund for that day. The In-Kind Creation Basket will identify the name and number of shares of each security that must be contributed to the Fund for each Creation Unit purchased. The Fund reserves the right to accept a nonconforming In-Kind Creation Basket.

Cash Component. In addition to the in-kind deposit of securities, a purchaser will either pay to, or receive from, the Fund an amount of cash (“Balancing Amount”) equal to the

 

- 27 -


difference between the NAV of a Creation Unit and the value of the securities in the In-Kind Creation Basket. The Balancing Amount ensures that the consideration paid by an investor for a Creation Unit is exactly equal to the value of the Creation Unit. [The transfer agent] will publish, on a daily basis, information about the previous business day’s Balancing Amount. To the extent a purchaser is not owed a Balancing Amount larger than the Creation Transaction Fee, described below, the purchaser also must pay a Creation Transaction Fee, in cash. The Balancing Amount and the Creation Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the Cash Component.

Placement of Purchase Orders. All purchase orders must be placed by or through an Authorized Participant. Purchase orders will be processed either through a manual clearing process run by DTC or through an enhanced clearing process that is available only to those DTC participants that also are participants in the Continuous Net Settlement System of the NSCC. Authorized Participants that do not use the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process may be charged a higher Creation Transaction Fee (discussed below). A purchase order must be received by the Distributor prior to the close of regular trading on the NYSE (generally
4:00 p.m., Eastern time) on the day the order is placed, and all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement must be followed, in order to receive the NAV determined on that day.

Transaction Fee on Purchase of Creation Units. The Fund may impose a “Creation Transaction Fee” on each purchase of Creation Units. The Creation Transaction Fee for purchases effected through the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process, regardless of the number of Creation Units purchased, is $[        ].

A charge of up to four (4) times the Creation Transaction Fee noted above may be imposed on purchases outside the NSCC’s enhanced clearing process, including purchases involving nonconforming In-Kind Creation Baskets or cash. Investors who, directly or indirectly, use the services of a broker or other such intermediary to compose a Creation Unit may pay additional fees for these services. The Creation Transaction Fee is paid to the Fund. The fee is designed to protect existing shareholders of the Fund from the costs associated with issuing Creation Units.

Redeeming Shares Directly from the Fund

You may redeem Fund shares directly from the Fund only in Creation Units or multiples thereof. To redeem shares directly with the Fund, you must be an Authorized Participant or you must redeem through an Authorized Participant. Creation Units may be redeemed in exchange for a basket of securities (known as the In- Kind Redemption Basket and a Cash Component) or, in certain circumstances, for an all cash payment (that would be treated as the Cash Component (discussed below) in connection with purchases not involving an In-Kind Redemption Basket).

In-Kind Redemption Basket. Redemption proceeds will generally be paid in kind with a basket of securities known as the In-Kind Redemption Basket. In most cases, the In-Kind Redemption Basket will be the same as the In-Kind Creation Basket for that same day. There will be times, however, when the In-Kind Creation Basket and In-Kind Redemption

 

- 28 -


Baskets differ. The composition of the In-Kind Redemption Basket will be available on the NSCC bulletin board. The Fund may honor a redemption request with a nonconforming In-Kind Redemption Basket.

Cash Component. Depending on whether the NAV of a Creation Unit is higher or lower than the value of the securities in the In-Kind Redemption Basket, a redeeming investor will either receive from, or pay to, the Fund a Balancing Amount in cash. If due to receive a Balancing Amount, the amount actually received will be reduced by the amount of the applicable Redemption Transaction Fee, described below. The Balancing Amount and the Redemption Transaction Fee, taken together, are referred to as the Cash Component.

Placement of Redemption Orders. As with purchases, redemptions must be processed either through the DTC process or the enhanced NSCC process. A redemption order is deemed received on the date of transmittal if it is received by the Distributor prior to the close of regular trading on the NYSE on that date, and if all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement are followed.

Transaction Fee on Redemption of Creation Units. The Fund imposes a “Redemption Transaction Fee” on each redemption of Creation Units. The amount of the Redemption Transaction Fee on redemptions effected through the NSCC and DTC, and on nonconforming redemptions, is the same as the Creation Transaction Fee (see page [XX]). The Redemption Transaction Fee is paid to the Fund. The fee is designed to protect existing shareholders of the Fund from the costs associated with redeeming Creation Units.

Additional Information About Buying and Selling Fund Shares

Legal Restrictions on Transactions in Certain Securities. An investor subject to a legal restriction with respect to a particular security required to be deposited in connection with the purchase of a Creation Unit may, at the Fund’s discretion, be permitted to deposit an equivalent amount of cash in substitution for any security which would otherwise be included in the In-Kind Creation Basket applicable to the purchase of a Creation Unit.

Creations and redemptions of shares will be subject to compliance with applicable federal and state securities laws, including that securities accepted for deposit and securities used to satisfy redemption requests are sold in transactions that would be exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act). The Fund (whether or not it otherwise permits cash redemptions) reserves the right to redeem Creation Units for cash to the extent that an investor could not lawfully purchase or the Fund could not lawfully deliver specific securities under such laws or the local laws of a jurisdiction in which the Fund invests. An Authorized Participant or an investor for which it is acting subject to a legal restriction with respect to a particular security included in an In-Kind Redemption Basket may be paid an equivalent amount of cash. An Authorized Participant or redeeming investor for which it is acting that is not a qualified institutional buyer (QIB) as defined in Rule 144A under the Securities Act will not be able to receive, as part of a redemption, restricted securities eligible for resale under Rule 144A.

 

- 29 -


Continuous Offering. You should be aware of certain legal risks unique to investors purchasing Creation Units directly from the Fund. Because shares may be issued on an ongoing basis, a “distribution” of shares could be occurring at any time. Certain activities that you perform with respect to the sale of shares could, depending on the circumstances, result in your being deemed to be a participant in the distribution, in a manner that could render you a statutory underwriter and subject you to the prospectus delivery and liability provisions of the Securities Act. For example, you could be deemed a statutory underwriter if you purchase Creation Units from the issuing Fund, break them down into the constituent shares, and sell those shares directly to customers, or if you choose to couple the creation of a supply of new shares with an active selling effort involving solicitation of secondary-market demand for shares. Whether a person is an underwriter for purposes of the Securities Act depends upon all of the facts and circumstances pertaining to that person’s activities, and the examples mentioned here should not be considered a complete description of all the activities that could cause you to be deemed an underwriter.

Broker-dealer firms should also note that dealers who are not “underwriters” but are effecting transactions in shares, whether or not participating in the distribution of shares, are generally required to deliver a prospectus. This is because the prospectus delivery exemption in Section 4(3) of the Securities Act is not available in respect of such transactions as a result of Section 24(d) of the 1940 Act. As a result, broker-dealer firms should note that dealers who are not “underwriters” but are participating in a distribution (as opposed to engaging in ordinary secondary market transactions), and thus dealing with shares as part of an unsold allotment within the meaning of Section 4(3)(C) of the Securities Act, will be unable to take advantage of the prospectus delivery exemption provided by Section 4(3) of the Securities Act. For delivery of prospectuses to exchange members, the prospectus delivery mechanism of Rule 153 under the Securities Act is only available with respect to transactions on a national exchange.

Active Investors and Market Timing

The Board has determined not to adopt policies and procedures designed to prevent or monitor for frequent purchases and redemptions of the Fund’s shares because investors primarily transact in Fund shares on the secondary market. Frequent trading of shares on the secondary market does not disrupt portfolio management, increase the Fund’s trading costs, lead to realization of capital gains or otherwise harm Fund shareholders because these trades do not involve the issuance or redemption of Fund shares.

The Fund sells and redeems its shares at NAV only in Creation Units pursuant to the terms of a Participant Agreement between the Authorized Participant and the Distributor, principally in exchange for a basket of securities. With respect to such trades directly with the Fund, to the extent effected in-kind (i.e., for securities), they do not cause the harmful effects that may result from frequent cash trades.

The Board recognized that to the extent that the Fund allows or requires trades to be effected in whole or in part in cash, those trades could result in dilution to a Fund and increased transaction costs, which could negatively impact the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective. The Board also recognized, however, that direct trading by Authorized Participants is critical to ensuring that the Fund’s shares trade at or close to NAV. Further, the Fund may employ fair valuation

 

- 30 -


pricing to minimize the potential for dilution from market timing. Moreover, the Fund imposes transaction fees on purchases and redemptions of Fund shares, which increase if an investor substitutes cash in part or in whole for securities, reflecting the fact that the Fund’s costs increase in those circumstances. The Fund reserves the right to impose additional restrictions on disruptive, excessive or short-term purchases.

Distribution and Service Fees

The Board has approved, and the Fund has adopted a distribution and service plan (the Plan) pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act. Under the Plan, the Fund is authorized to pay distribution fees to the Distributor and other firms that provide distribution and shareholder services (Service Providers). If a Service Provider provides such services, the Fund may pay fees at an annual rate not to exceed 0.25% of average daily net assets, pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act.

No distribution or service fees are currently paid by the Fund, however, and there are no current plans to impose these fees. In the event Rule 12b-1 fees are charged, over time they would increase the cost of an investment in the Fund.

Determination of Net Asset Value

NAV Calculation

The Fund calculates its NAV as follows:

 

NAV =

   (Value of assets) — (Liabilities)      
   Number of outstanding shares      

 

 

FUNDamentalsTM

 

Business Days

 

A business day is any day that the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open. A business day ends at the close of regular trading on the NYSE, usually at 4:00 p.m. Eastern time. If the NYSE closes early, the business day ends as of the time the NYSE closes. On holidays and other days when the NYSE is closed, the Fund’s NAV is not calculated and the Fund does not accept buy or sell orders. However, the value of the Fund’s assets may still be affected on such days to the extent that the Fund holds foreign securities that trade on days that foreign securities markets are open.

 

 

- 31 -


Equity securities are valued primarily on the basis of market quotations reported on stock exchanges and other securities markets around the world. If an equity security is listed on a national exchange, the security is valued at the closing price or, if the closing price is not readily available, the mean of the closing bid and asked prices. Certain equity securities, debt securities and other assets are valued differently. For instance, bank loans trading in the secondary market are valued primarily on the basis of indicative bids, fixed-income investments maturing in 60 days or less are valued primarily using the amortized cost method and those maturing in excess of 60 days are valued at the readily available market price, if available. Investments in other open-end funds are valued at their NAVs. Both market quotations and indicative bids are obtained from outside pricing services approved and monitored pursuant to a policy approved by the Fund’s Board.

If a market price isn’t readily available or is deemed not to reflect market value, the Fund will determine the price of the security held by the Fund based on a determination of the security’s fair value pursuant to a policy approved by the Fund’s Board. In addition, the Fund may use fair valuation to price securities that trade on a foreign exchange when a significant event has occurred after the foreign exchange closes but before the time at which the Fund’s share price is calculated. Foreign exchanges typically close before the time at which Fund share prices are calculated, and may be closed altogether on some days when the Fund is open. Such significant events affecting a foreign security may include, but are not limited to: (1) corporate actions, earnings announcements, litigation or other events impacting a single issuer; (2) governmental action that affects securities in one sector or country; (3) natural disasters or armed conflicts affecting a country or region; or (4) significant domestic or foreign market fluctuations. The Fund uses various criteria, including an evaluation of U.S. market moves after the close of foreign markets, in determining whether a foreign security’s market price is readily available and reflective of market value and, if not, the fair value of the security.

To the extent the Fund has significant holdings of small cap stocks, high yield bonds, floating rate loans, or tax-exempt, foreign or other securities that may trade infrequently, fair valuation may be used more frequently than for other funds. Fair valuation may have the effect of reducing stale pricing arbitrage opportunities presented by the pricing of Fund shares. However, when the Fund uses fair valuation to price securities, it may value those securities higher or lower than another fund would have priced the security. Also, the use of fair valuation may cause the Fund’s NAV to diverge from its market price and the Fund’s performance to diverge to a greater degree from the performance of various benchmarks used to compare the Fund’s performance because benchmarks generally do not use fair valuation techniques. Because of the judgment involved in fair valuation decisions, there can be no assurance that the value ascribed to a particular security is accurate. The Fund has retained one or more independent fair valuation pricing services to assist in the fair valuation process for foreign securities.

Distributions and Taxes

Distributions to Shareholders

The Fund pays out dividends from its net investment income, and distributes its net realized capital gains, if any, to shareholders [    ]. The Fund typically earns income in the form of dividends from its investments, and may earn investment income from other sources. These amounts, net of

 

- 32 -


expenses, are passed along to Fund shareholders as “income dividends.” The Fund generally realizes capital gains or losses when it sells securities. Distributions of net short-term gains are generally taxed to shareholders as ordinary income. Net long-term capital gains are generally distributed to shareholders as capital gain distributions. See Taxes on Distributions below.

The Fund intends to pay out, in the form of distributions to shareholders, a sufficient amount of its income and gains so that the Fund will qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company and generally will not have to pay any federal excise tax. The Fund generally intends to distribute any net realized capital gain (whether long-term or short-term gain) at least once a year. Normally, the Fund will declare and pay distributions of net investment income according to the following schedule:

 

Declarations    [quarterly]
Distributions    [quarterly]

The Fund may, however, declare or pay distributions of net investment income more or less frequently.

Brokers may make available to their customers who own shares the DTC book-entry dividend reinvestment service. To determine whether the dividend reinvestment service is available and whether there is a commission or other charge for using this service, consult your broker. Brokers may require Fund shareholders to adhere to specific procedures and timetables. If this service is available and used, dividend distributions of both income and net realized gains will be automatically reinvested in additional whole shares of the distributing Fund purchased in the secondary market. Without this service, investors would receive their distributions in cash.

Taxes

As with any investment, you should consider how your investment in shares will be taxed. The tax information in this prospectus is provided only as general information. You should consult your own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment in shares.

The Fund intends to qualify each year as a regulated investment company. A regulated investment company generally is not subject to tax at the entity level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. However, the Fund’s failure to qualify as a regulated investment company would result in Fund-level taxation, which would have an adverse affect on the value of your shares.

Fund distributions to you and sale of your shares will have tax consequences to you. Such consequences may not apply if you hold your shares through a tax-exempt entity or tax-deferred retirement account, such as an individual retirement account or 401(k) plan.

 

- 33 -


Taxes on Distributions

Distributions by the Fund generally are taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gains. Distributions of the Fund’s investment company taxable income (which is, generally, ordinary income and net short-term capital gain in excess of net long-term capital loss and net gains or losses from certain foreign currency transactions) generally will be taxable to you as ordinary income to the extent of the Fund’s current or accumulated earnings and profits, whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional shares.

Distributions of the Fund’s net capital gain (which is net long-term capital gain in excess of net short-term capital loss) that are properly reported to you by the Fund as capital gain dividends generally will be taxable to you as long-term capital gains at a maximum rate of 15% (and, without Congressional action, 20% for taxable years beginning after 2012) in the case of individuals, trusts or estates, regardless of your holding period in the Fund’s shares and regardless of whether paid in cash or reinvested in additional shares. Distributions in excess of the Fund’s earnings and profits first will reduce your adjusted tax basis in its shares and, after the adjusted basis is reduced to zero, will constitute capital gain. Such capital gain will be long-term capital gain and thus, will be taxed at the long-term gain rates described above, if the distributions are attributable to shares held by you for more than one year.

Distributions by the Fund that qualify as qualified dividend income are taxable to you at the long-term capital gain rate through 2012 and, without Congressional action, will be taxable as ordinary income thereafter. In order for a distribution by the Fund to be treated as qualified dividend income, it must be attributable to dividends the Fund receives on stock of most domestic corporations and certain foreign corporations with respect to which the Fund satisfies certain holding period and other requirements and you must meet similar requirements with respect to the Fund’s shares.

Effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, certain high-income individuals (as well as estates and trusts) will be subject to a new 3.8% Medicare contribution tax. For individuals, the 3.8% tax will apply to the lesser of (1) the amount (if any) by which the taxpayer’s modified adjusted gross income exceeds certain threshold amounts or (2) the taxpayer’s net investment income. Net investment income generally includes for this purpose dividends, including any capital gain dividends, paid by the Fund, and net capital gains recognized on the sale, redemption or exchange of shares of the Fund.

Corporate shareholders are generally eligible for the 70% dividends-received deduction with respect to the Fund’s ordinary income dividends that are attributable to dividends received by the Fund from domestic corporations, to the extent the Fund reports such dividends as qualifying for this deduction, and to the extent certain holding period and other requirements are met at the Fund and shareholder level.

Under a dividend reinvestment service, you may have the option to have all cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional Fund shares. Any distributions reinvested under such a service will nevertheless be taxable to you.

A distribution will reduce the Fund’s NAV per share and may be taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gain even though, from an investment standpoint, all or a portion of the distribution may

 

- 34 -


constitute a return of your invested capital. In general, distributions are subject to U.S. federal income tax for the year when they are paid. However, certain distributions paid in January will be treated and reported as paid on December 31 of the prior year.

You may be subject to federal back-up withholding, at a rate of 28% (or 31% for amounts paid after December 31, 2012, unless Congress enacts legislation providing otherwise), if you have not provided the Fund or, if you invest through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary, your intermediary, with a taxpayer identification number (for an individual, a Social Security Number) and made other required certifications, or if the IRS informs the Fund or your intermediary that you are otherwise subject to backup withholding. You may also be subject to state and local taxes on Fund distributions, and on sales or exchanges of Fund shares.

Taxes When Shares Are Sold

Generally, you will recognize taxable gain or loss if you sell or otherwise dispose of your shares. Any gain arising from such a disposition generally will be treated as long-term capital gain if you held the shares for more than one year; otherwise, it will be classified as short-term capital gain. However, any capital loss arising from the disposition of shares held for six months or less will be treated as long-term capital loss to the extent of the amount of capital gain dividends received with respect to such shares. In addition, all or a portion of any loss recognized upon a disposition of shares may be disallowed under “wash sale” rules if other shares of the Fund are purchased (whether through reinvestment of distributions or otherwise) within 30 days before or after the disposition. If disallowed, the loss will be reflected in an adjustment to the basis of the shares acquired.

Taxes on Purchase and Redemption of Creation Units

An Authorized Participant that exchanges securities for one or more Creation Units generally will recognize a gain or a loss on the exchange. The gain or loss will be equal to the difference between the market value of the Creation Unit(s) at the time and the exchanger’s aggregate basis in the securities surrendered plus (or minus) any Cash Component paid (or received). A person who redeems one or more Creation Units for securities will generally recognize a gain or loss equal to the difference between the exchanger’s basis in the Creation Unit(s) and the aggregate market value of the securities received plus (or minus) any Cash Component received (or paid). The Internal Revenue Service, however, may assert that a loss realized upon an exchange of securities for Creation Unit(s) cannot be deducted currently under the rules governing “wash sales,” or on the basis that there has been no significant change in economic position. Authorized Participants exchanging securities should consult their own tax advisor with respect to whether or when a loss might be deductible.

Any capital gain or loss realized upon a redemption of one or more Creation Units is generally treated as long-term capital gain or loss if the Creation Unit(s) have been held for more than one year and as short-term capital gain or loss if they have been held for one year or less.

If you purchase or redeem Creation Units, you will be sent a confirmation statement showing how many shares you purchased or sold and at what price.

 

- 35 -


The foregoing is only a summary of certain federal income tax considerations under current law, which is subject to change in the future. Your investment in the Fund may have other tax implications. The foregoing discussion does not apply to certain types of investors who may be subject to special rules, including foreign or tax-exempt investors or those holding Fund shares through a tax-advantaged account, such as a 401(k) plan or IRA.

You should consult your tax adviser for further information regarding federal, state, local and/or foreign tax consequences relevant to your specific situation. More information about taxes is in the Fund’s SAI.

Financial Highlights

Because the Fund has not commenced operations as of the date of this prospectus, it does not have financial highlights to present.

 

- 36 -


Additional Information About the Fund

Additional information about the Fund’s investments will be available in the Fund’s annual and semi-annual reports to shareholders. In the annual report, you will find a discussion of the market conditions and investment strategies that significantly affected the Fund’s performance during its last fiscal year. The SAI also provides additional information about the Fund and its policies. The SAI, which has been filed with the SEC, is legally part of this prospectus (incorporated by reference). To obtain these documents free of charge, to request other information about the Fund and to make shareholder inquiries contact Columbia Funds as follows:

 

By Mail:   

Columbia Funds

225 Franklin Street

Boston, MA 02110

  
By Telephone:    [800.774.3768 ]   
Online:    www.columbiamanagementetf.com   

Information Provided by the SEC

You can review and copy information about the Fund (including this prospectus, the SAI and shareholder reports) at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, DC. To find out more about the operation of the Public Reference Room, call the SEC at 202.551.8090. Reports and other information about the Fund are also available in the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. You can receive copies of this information, for a fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov or by writing the Public Reference Section, Securities and Exchange Commission, Washington, DC 20549-1520.

FUNDamentals™ is a trademark of Ameriprise Financial.

The investment company registration number of Columbia ETF Trust, of which the Fund is a series, is 811-22154.

 

- 37 -


[Logo]

 

- 38 -


The information in this Statement of Additional Information is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This Statement of Additional Information is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

PRELIMINARY STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Dated as of [July     , 2012 ]

Columbia Management®

COLUMBIA ETF TRUST

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

[    ], 2012

 

 

Columbia Emerging Markets Bond ETF (Ticker)

Columbia European Equity ETF (Ticker)

Columbia International Equity ETF (Ticker)

Columbia Limited Duration Credit ETF (Ticker)

Columbia Short Term Bond ETF (Ticker)

Columbia Small/Mid Cap Value ETF (Ticker)

Columbia U.S. Government Mortgage ETF (Ticker)

Shares of the Funds will be listed and traded on [NYSE Arca, Inc.]

This SAI describes seven series of the Columbia ETF Trust. The Trust is an open-end registered management investment company under the Investment Company Act, and is currently comprised of twelve actively managed ETFs, although two series have not been opened for investment or are anticipating effectiveness. Columbia Growth Equity Strategy Fund, Columbia Large-Cap Growth Equity Strategy Fund, Columbia Concentrated Large Cap Value Strategy Fund, Columbia Intermediate Municipal Bond Strategy Fund, and Columbia Core Bond Strategy Fund (the “existing series”) are discussed in a separate Statement of Additional Information. Additional series may be added or launched in the future.

Each Fund is an actively managed exchange-traded fund. Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ameriprise Financial, Inc., serves as the investment adviser to each Fund. [    ] serves as the Distributor for each Fund.

This Statement of Additional Information (SAI) is not a prospectus, is not a substitute for reading any Fund prospectus and is intended to be read in conjunction with a Fund’s current prospectus. The most recent annual report for each Fund, which includes the Fund’s audited financial statements for its most recent fiscal period, and the most recent semi-annual reports to shareholders, when available, are deemed incorporated by reference into this SAI.

Copies of the Funds’ current prospectuses and annual and semi-annual reports (when available) may be obtained without charge by writing to the Distributor, calling 1-800-774-3786 or by visiting www.columbiamanagementetf.com.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SAI PRIMER

    1   

ABOUT THE TRUST

    5   

ETF Overview

    6   

Exchange Listing and Trading

    6   

Intraday Indicative Value

    6   

FUNDAMENTAL AND NON-FUNDAMENTAL INVESTMENT POLICIES

    7   

ABOUT THE FUNDS’ INVESTMENTS

    9   

Types of Investments

    10   

Information Regarding Risks

    41   

Borrowings

    58   

Lending of Portfolio Securities

    58   

INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT AND OTHER SERVICES

    58   

The Investment Manager and Investment Advisory Services

    58   

The Subadvisers and Investment Subadvisory Services

    63   

The Administrator

    65   

Distributor

    66   

Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest

    66   

Other Services Provided

    69   

Distribution and Servicing Plans

    70   

Codes of Ethics

    70   

Proxy Voting

    71   

FUND GOVERNANCE

    73   

Board Members and Officers

    73   

BROKERAGE ALLOCATION AND RELATED PRACTICES

    78   

General Brokerage Policy, Brokerage Transactions and Broker Selection

    78   

Brokerage Commissions

    80   

Directed Brokerage

    81   

Securities of Regular Broker-Dealers

    81   

OTHER PRACTICES

    81   

Portfolio Turnover

    81   

Disclosure of Portfolio Information

    81   

CAPITAL STOCK AND OTHER SECURITIES

    82   

Organization and Description of the Trust’s Shares of Beneficial Interest

    82   

Additional Information Concerning Shares

    82   

TRANSACTIONS IN CREATION UNITS

    83   

Purchasing Creation Units

    84   

Transaction Fees-Equity ETFs

    86   

Transaction Fees-Fixed Income ETFs

    87   

Redeeming Creation Units

    87   

DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE

    96   

TAXATION

    96   

CONTROL PERSONS AND PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS

    109   

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

    109   

APPENDIX A — DESCRIPTIONS OF SECURITIES RATINGS

    A-1   

APPENDIX B — PROXY VOTING POLICY

    B-1   


SAI PRIMER

The SAI is a part of the Funds’ registration statement that is filed with the SEC. The registration statement includes the Funds’ prospectuses, the SAI and certain exhibits. The SAI, and any supplements to it, can be found online at www.columbiamanagementetf.com, or by accessing the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

The SAI generally provides additional information about the Funds that is not required to be in the Funds’ prospectuses. The SAI expands discussions of certain matters described in the Funds’ prospectuses and provides certain additional information about the Funds that may be of interest to some investors. Among other things, the SAI provides information about:

 

   

the organization of the Trust;

 

   

the Funds’ investments;

 

   

the Funds’ investment adviser, investment subadviser(s) (if any) and other service providers, including roles and relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, and conflicts of interest;

 

   

the governance of the Funds;

 

   

the Funds’ brokerage practices;

 

   

the purchase, redemption and pricing of Fund Creation Units; and

 

   

the application of U.S. federal income tax laws.

Investors may find this information important and helpful. If you have any questions about the Funds, please call Columbia Funds at [    ] or contact your financial advisor.

Before reading the SAI, you should consult the Glossary below, which defines certain of the terms used in the SAI.

Glossary

 

1933 Act

   Securities Act of 1933, as amended

1934 Act

   Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended

1940 Act

   Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended

Administrative Services Agreement

   The administrative services agreement, as amended, between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and the Administrator

Administrator

   [    ]

Advisers Act

   Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended

Ameriprise Financial

   Ameriprise Financial, Inc.

Authorized Participant

   A broker-dealer or other participant in the Continuous Net Settlement System of the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC) or a participant in DTC with access to the DTC system, and who has executed an agreement with the Distributor that governs transactions in the Funds’ Creation Units

Balancing Amount

   An amount equal to the difference between the NAV of a Creation Unit and the market value of the In-Kind Creation (or Redemption) Basket, used to ensure that the NAV of a Fund Deposit (or Redemption) (other than the Transaction Fee) is identical to the NAV of the Creation Unit being purchased

Board

   The Trust’s Board of Trustees

Board Services

   Board Services Corporation

Business Day

   Any day on which the Trust is open for business.

Cash Component

   An amount of cash consisting of a Balancing Amount and a Transaction Fee calculated in connection with creations.

Cash Redemption Amount

   An amount of cash consisting of a Balancing Amount and a Transaction Fee calculated in connection with redemptions.

 

1


CMOs

   Collateralized mortgage obligations

Code

   Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended

Codes of Ethics

   The codes of ethics adopted by the Board pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act

Columbia Funds or Columbia Fund Family

   The investment management companies, including the Funds, advised by the Investment Manager or its affiliates and distributed by the Distributor

Columbia Management or Investment Manager

   Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC

Creation Unit

   An aggregation of [50,000] shares that each Fund issues and redeems on a continuous basis at NAV. Shares will not be issued or redeemed except in Creation Units

Custodian

   [    ]

Distribution Agreement

   The distribution agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and the Distributor

Distribution Plan(s)

   One or more of the plans adopted by the Board pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act for the distribution of the Funds’ shares

Distributor

   [    ]

DTC

   Depository Trust Company

Emerging Markets Bond ETF

   Columbia Emerging Markets Bond ETF

Equity ETFs

   Columbia European Equity ETF, Columbia International Equity ETF and Columbia Small/Mid Cap Value ETF

European Equity ETF

   Columbia European Equity ETF

Exchange

   [    ]

FDIC

   Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

FHLMC

   Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation

FINRA

   Financial Industry Regulatory Authority

Fitch

   Fitch, Inc.

Fixed Income ETFs

   Columbia Emerging Markets Bond ETF, Columbia Limited Duration Credit ETF, Columbia Short Term Bond ETF and Columbia U.S. Government Mortgage ETF

FNMA

   Federal National Mortgage Association

Foreign ETFs

   Columbia European Equity ETF, Columbia International Equity ETF and any other Fund that invests in foreign securities

Fund Deposit

   The In-Kind Creation Basket and Cash Component necessary to purchase a Creation Unit from a Fund

The Fund(s) or a Fund

   One or more of the management investment companies listed on the front cover of this SAI that are series of the Trust

Fund Redemption

   The In-Kind Redemption Basket and Cash Redemption Amount received in connection with the redemption of a Creation Unit

 

2


GNMA

   Government National Mortgage Association

IIV

   An approximate per-share value of a Fund’s portfolio, disseminated every fifteen seconds throughout the trading day by the Exchange or other information providers, known as the Intraday Indicative Value

Independent Trustees

   The Trustees of the Board who are not “interested persons” (as defined in the 1940 Act) of the Funds

In-Kind Creation Basket

   Basket of securities to be deposited to purchase Creation Units of a Fund. The In-Kind Creation Basket will identify the name and number of shares of each security to be contributed, in kind, to a Fund for a Creation Unit

In-Kind Redemption Basket

   Basket of securities a shareholder will receive upon redemption of a Creation Unit

Interested Trustees

   The Trustees of the Board who are currently treated as “interested persons” (as defined in the 1940 Act) of the Funds

International Equity ETF

   Columbia International Equity ETF

Investment Management Services Agreement

   The investment management services agreement, as amended, between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and the Investment Manager

Investment Manager or Columbia Management

   Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC

Investment Subadvisory Agreement

   The investment subadvisory agreement among the Trust on behalf of the Fund(s), the Investment Manager and a Fund’s investment subadviser(s), if any, as the context may require

IRS

   United States Internal Revenue Service

LIBOR

   London Interbank Offered Rate

Limited Duration Credit ETF

   Columbia Limited Duration Credit ETF

Moody’s

   Moody’s Investors Service, Inc.

NASDAQ

   National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations system

NAV

   Net asset value of a Fund

NRSRO

   Nationally recognized statistical ratings organization (such as, for example, Moody’s, Fitch or S&P)

NSCC

   National Securities Clearing Corporation

NYSE

   New York Stock Exchange

REIT

   Real estate investment trust

 

3


REMIC

   Real estate mortgage investment conduit

RIC

   A “regulated investment company,” as such term is used in the Code

S&P

   Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (“Standard & Poor’s” and “S&P” are trademarks of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. and have been licensed for use by the Investment Manager. The Columbia Funds are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by Standard & Poor’s, and Standard & Poor’s makes no representation regarding the advisability of investing in the Columbia Funds).

SAI

   This Statement of Additional Information

SEC

   United States Securities and Exchange Commission

Shares

   Shares of a Fund

Short Term Bond ETF

   Columbia Short Term Bond ETF

Small/Mid Cap Value ETF

   Columbia Small/Mid Cap Value ETF

Transaction Fees

   Fees imposed to compensate the Trust for costs incurred in connection with transactions for Creation Units. Transaction Fees may include both a fixed and variable component

Transfer Agency Agreement

   The transfer agency agreement between the Trust, on behalf of the Funds, and the Transfer Agent

Transfer Agent

   [    ]

The Trust

   Columbia ETF Trust, a Delaware statutory trust

Trustee(s)

   One or more of the Board’s Trustees

U.S. Government Mortgage ETF

   Columbia U.S. Government Mortgage ETF

 

4


ABOUT THE TRUST

The Trust is a registered investment company under the 1940 Act within the Columbia Fund Family. Columbia Funds currently include more than 100 registered investment companies investing in major asset classes.

The Trust was organized as a Delaware statutory trust on December 7, 2009. The Trust is currently comprised of twelve series, although two series have not been opened for investment (seven series are described in this SAI and the existing series are discussed in a separate SAI). The Trust was formerly named Grail Advisors ETF Trust, and was renamed Columbia ETF Trust as of May 20, 2011, in connection with the acquisition by Columbia Management of the Trust’s predecessor investment adviser, Grail Advisors, LLC. The offering of the shares [will be] registered under the 1933 Act.

The table below identifies the fiscal year end, prospectus date and investment category of each Fund.

 

Fund

   Fiscal Year End   Prospectus Date   Date  Began
Operations
    Diversified      Investment
Category
Emerging Markets Bond ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     No       Taxable Fixed
Income
European Equity ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Equity/Foreign
Equity
International Equity ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Equity/Foreign
Equity
Limited Duration Credit ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Taxable Fixed
Income
Short Term Bond ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Taxable Fixed
Income
Small/Mid Cap Value ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Equity
U.S. Government Mortgage ETF    [month end]   [prospectus date]     [date     Yes       Taxable Fixed
Income

 

5


ETF OVERVIEW

Each Fund offers and issues shares at NAV only in aggregations of a specified number of shares called Creation Units, generally in exchange for a basket of securities constituting the portfolio holdings of the Fund, together with the deposit of a specified cash payment, or for an all cash payment. Shares of each Fund are also listed and traded on the Exchange. Shares will trade on the Exchange at market prices that may be below, at, or above NAV.

Unlike traditional mutual funds, the Funds’ shares are not individually redeemable securities. Rather, each Fund issues and redeems shares on a continuous basis at NAV, only in Creation Units of 50,000 shares. In the event of the liquidation of a Fund or for other purposes, the Trust may lower the number of shares in a Creation Unit.

In the instance of creations and redemptions, Transaction Fees may be imposed. Transaction fees may include fixed amounts or a variable component. Such fees are limited in accordance with requirements of the SEC applicable to management investment companies offering redeemable securities. Some of the information contained in this SAI and the Funds’ prospectuses — such as information about purchasing and redeeming shares from a Fund and Transaction Fees — is not relevant to most retail investors.

Once created, shares generally trade in the secondary market at market prices that change throughout the day in amounts less than a Creation Unit. Investors purchasing shares in the secondary market through a brokerage account or with the assistance of a broker may be subject to brokerage commissions and charges.

Unlike index-based ETFs, the Funds are “actively managed” and do not seek to replicate the performance of a specified index.

EXCHANGE LISTING AND TRADING

Shares of each Fund [will be] listed and traded on the Exchange. Shares trade on the Exchange or in secondary markets at prices that may differ from their NAV or IIV, including because such prices may be affected by market forces (such as supply and demand for shares). As is the case of other securities traded on an exchange, when you buy or sell shares on the Exchange or in the secondary markets your broker will normally charge you a commission or other transaction charges. Further, the Trust reserves the right to adjust the price of shares in the future to maintain convenient trading ranges for investors (namely, to maintain a price per share that is attractive to investors) by share splits or reverse share splits, which would have no effect on the NAV.

There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of shares of each Fund will continue to be met. The Exchange may, but is not required to, remove the shares of a Fund from listing if: (i) following the initial 12-month period beginning at the commencement of trading of a Fund, there are fewer than 50 beneficial owners of the shares of the Fund for 30 or more consecutive trading days, or (ii) such other event shall occur or condition exist that, in the opinion of the Exchange, makes further dealings on the Exchange inadvisable. The Exchange will remove the shares of a Fund from listing and trading upon termination of a Fund.

The Funds are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by the Exchange. The Exchange makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the owners of shares of the Funds or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the Funds particularly or the ability of the Funds to achieve their objectives. The Exchange has no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of the Funds.

INTRADAY INDICATIVE VALUE

The IIV is an approximate per-share value of a Fund’s portfolio holdings, which is disseminated every fifteen seconds throughout the trading day by the Exchange, or by other information providers. The IIV is based on the current market value of the Fund’s Fund Deposit. The IIV does not necessarily reflect the precise composition of the current portfolio of securities held by the Fund at a particular point in time. The IIV should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the NAV of the Fund because the approximate value may not be calculated in the same manner as the NAV. The quotations for certain investments may not be updated during U.S. trading hours if such holdings do not trade in the U.S., except such quotations may be updated to reflect currency fluctuations. The Funds are not involved in, or responsible for, the calculation or dissemination of the IIV and make no warranty as to the accuracy of the IIV.

 

6


FUNDAMENTAL AND NON-FUNDAMENTAL INVESTMENT POLICIES

The following discussion of “fundamental” and “non-fundamental” investment policies and limitations for each Fund supplements the discussion of investment policies in the Funds’ prospectuses. A fundamental policy may be changed only with Board and shareholder approval. A non-fundamental policy may be changed by the Board and does not require shareholder approval, but may require notice to shareholders in certain instances.

Unless otherwise noted, whenever an investment policy or limitation states a maximum percentage of a Fund’s assets that may be invested in any security or other asset, or sets forth a policy regarding an investment standard, compliance with such percentage limitation or standard will be determined solely at the time of the Fund’s acquisition of such security or asset.

Fundamental Investment Policies

The 1940 Act provides that a “vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities” means the affirmative vote of the lesser of (1) more than 50% of the outstanding shares of a Fund, or (2) 67% or more of the shares present at a meeting if more than 50% of the outstanding shares are represented at the meeting in person or by proxy. The following fundamental investment policies cannot be changed without such a vote.

Except as noted, each Fund may not, as a matter of fundamental policy:

 

  1. Underwrite any issue of securities issued by other persons within the meaning of the 1933 Act except when it might be deemed to be an underwriter either: (i) in connection with the disposition of a portfolio security; or (ii) in connection with the purchase of securities directly from the issuer thereof in accordance with the Fund’s investment objective. This restriction shall not limit the Fund’s ability to invest in securities issued by other registered investment companies;

 

  2. Purchase or sell real estate, except each Fund may: (i) purchase securities of issuers which deal or invest in real estate, (ii) purchase securities which are secured by real estate or interests in real estate and (iii) hold and dispose of real estate or interests in real estate acquired through the exercise of its rights as a holder of securities which are secured by real estate or interests therein;

 

  3. Purchase or sell commodities, except that each Fund may to the extent consistent with its investment objective: (i) invest in securities of companies that purchase or sell commodities or commodities contracts or which invest in such programs, (ii) purchase and sell options, forward contracts, futures contracts, commodity-linked notes and options on futures contracts and (iii) enter into swap contracts and other financial transactions relating to commodities. This limitation does not apply to foreign currency transactions including without limitation forward currency contracts.*

 

  4. With the exception of Emerging Markets Bond ETF, purchase any securities which would cause 25% or more of the value of its total assets at the time of purchase to be invested in the securities of one or more issuers conducting their principal business activities in the same industry, provided that: (i) there is no limitation with respect to obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, any state or territory of the United States or any of their agencies, instrumentalities or political subdivisions; (ii) notwithstanding this limitation or any other fundamental investment limitation, assets may be invested in the securities of one or more management investment companies or subsidiaries to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief;

 

  5. Make loans, except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief;

 

  6. Borrow money or issue senior securities except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief; and

 

  7. With the exception of Emerging Markets Bond ETF, purchase securities (except securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, its agencies or instrumentalities) of any one issuer if, as a result, more than 5% of its total assets will be invested in the securities of such issuer or it would own more than 10% of the voting securities of such issuer, except that: (i) up to 25% of its total assets may be invested without regard to these limitations and (ii) a Fund’s assets may be invested in the securities of one or more management investment companies to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder, or any applicable exemptive relief.

 

  8. With respect to Emerging Markets Bond ETF only, while the Fund may invest 25% or more of its total assets in the securities of foreign governmental and corporate entities located in the same country, it will not invest 25% or more of its total assets in any single foreign governmental issuer.

 

* For purposes of the fundamental investment policy on buying and selling physical commodities, the Funds will not consider swap contracts on financial instruments or rates to be commodities for purposes of this restriction despite any federal legislation or regulatory action by the CFTC that subjects such swaps to regulation by the CFTC.

 

7


Non-Fundamental Investment Policies [since all funds have the same non-fundamental policies, why not do a paragraph format like above for fundamental policies rather than this table where the policies are basically spelled out twice?

As a matter of non-fundamental policy, each fund may not:

 

  1. Invest more than 15% of their net assets in illiquid securities. “Illiquid Securities” is defined in accordance with the SEC staff’s current guidance and interpretations which provide that an illiquid security is a security that may not be sold or disposed of in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the value at which the fund has valued the security.

 

  2. sell securities short, except as permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief.

 

  3. purchase securities of other investment companies except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any applicable exemptive relief. If shares of one of these Funds are purchased by another fund in reliance on Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act or in accordance with exemptive relief provided to the Trust, for so long as shares of the Fund are held by such fund, the Fund will not purchase securities of a registered open-end investment company or registered unit investment trust in reliance on Section 12(d)(1)(F) or Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act and, as applicable, will otherwise comply with the terms of the Trust’s exemptive order.

 

  4. To the extent a Fund is subject to Rule 35d-1 under the 1940 Act (the Names Rule), and does not otherwise have a fundamental investment policy in place to comply with the Names Rule, such Fund has adopted the following non-fundamental policy: Shareholders will receive at least 60 days’ notice of any change to the Fund’s investment objective or principal investment strategies made in order to comply with the Names Rule. The notice will be provided in plain English in a separate written document, and will contain the following prominent statement or similar statement in bold-face type: “Important Notice Regarding Change in Investment Policy.” This statement will appear on both the notice and the envelope in which it is delivered, unless it is delivered separately from other communications to investors, in which case the statement will appear either on the notice or the envelope in which the notice is delivered.

 

8


ABOUT THE FUNDS’ INVESTMENTS

The investment objectives, principal investment strategies and related principal risks for each Fund are discussed in each Fund’s prospectuses.

Each Fund’s prospectus identifies and summarizes the individual types of securities in which the Fund invests as part of its principal investment strategies and the principal risks associated with such investments. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus or this SAI, the investment objective and policies of a Fund may be changed without shareholder approval.

To the extent that a type of security identified in the table below for a Fund is not described in the Fund’s prospectuses (or as a sub-category of such security type in this SAI), the Fund generally invests in such security type as part of its non-principal investment strategies.

Information about individual types of securities (including certain of their associated risks) in which some or all of the Funds may invest is set forth below. Each Fund’s investment in these types of securities is subject to its investment objective and fundamental and non-fundamental investment policies.

Certain Investment Activity Limits. The overall investment and other activities of the Investment Manager and its affiliates may limit the investment opportunities for each Fund in certain markets where limitations are imposed by regulators upon the amount of investment by affiliated investors, in the aggregate or in individual issuers. From time to time, each Fund’s activities also may be restricted because of regulatory restrictions applicable to the Investment Manager and its affiliates and/or because of their internal policies. See Investment Management and Other Services — Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates — Certain Conflicts of Interest.

 

Type of Investment

   Equity    Taxable
fixed-income

Asset-Backed Securities

     

Bank Obligations (Domestic and Foreign)

     

Collateralized Bond Obligations

     

Commercial Paper

     

Common Stock

     

Convertible Securities

     

Corporate Debt Securities

     

Custody Receipts and Trust Certificates

     

Debt Obligations (including Junk Bonds)

     

Depositary Receipts

     

Derivatives

     

Dollar Rolls

     

Funding Agreements

     

Floating Rate Loans

     

Foreign Currency Transactions

     

Foreign Securities

     

Guaranteed Investment Contracts (Funding Agreements)

     

Illiquid Securities and Restricted Securities

     

Inflation Protected Securities

     

Initial Public Offerings

     

Inverse Floaters

     

Investments in Other Investment Companies (Including ETFs)

     

Loan Participations

     

Low and Below Investment Grade (High Yield) Securities

     

 

9


Money Market Instruments

     

Mortgage-Backed Securities

     

Municipal Securities

     

Participation Interests

     

Partnership Securities

     

Pay-In-Kind Securities

     

Preferred Stock

     

Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities

     

Real Estate Investment Trusts

     

Repurchase Agreements

     

Reverse Repurchase Agreements

     

Short Sales

     

Sovereign Debt

     

Standby Commitments

     

Stripped Securities

     

Structured Investments

     

Trust-Preferred Securities

     

U.S. Government and Related Obligations

     

Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations

     

Warrants and Rights

     

When-Issued and Forward Commitments

     

Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities

     

Types of Investments

Asset-Backed Securities

Asset-backed securities represent interests in, or debt instruments that are backed by, pools of various types of assets that generate cash payments generally over fixed periods of time, such as, among others, motor vehicle installment sales, contracts, installment loan contracts, leases of various types of real and personal property, and receivables from revolving (credit card) agreements. Such securities entitle the security holders to receive distributions (i.e., principal and interest) that are tied to the payments made by the borrower on the underlying assets (less fees paid to the originator, servicer, or other parties, and fees paid for credit enhancement), so that the payments made on the underlying assets effectively pass through to such security holders. Asset-backed securities typically are created by an originator of loans or owner of accounts receivable that sells such underlying assets to a special purpose entity in a process called a securitization. The special purpose entity issues securities that are backed by the payments on the underlying assets, and have a minimum denomination and specific term. Asset-backed securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with asset-backed securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Liquidity Risk and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

Bank Obligations (Domestic and Foreign)

Bank obligations include certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, time deposits and promissory notes that earn a specified rate of return and may be issued by (i) a domestic branch of a domestic bank, (ii) a foreign branch of a domestic bank, (iii) a domestic branch of a foreign bank or (iv) a foreign branch of a foreign bank. Bank obligations may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations for more information.

Certificates of deposit, or so-called CDs, typically are interest-bearing debt instruments issued by banks and have maturities ranging from a few weeks to several years. Yankee dollar certificates of deposit are negotiable CDs issued in the United States by branches and agencies of foreign banks. Eurodollar certificates of deposit are CDs issued by foreign banks with interest and principal paid in U.S. dollars. Eurodollar and Yankee Dollar CDs typically have maturities of less than two years and have interest rates that typically are pegged to the London Interbank Offered Rate or LIBOR. See Types of Investments – Eurodollar and Yankee Dollar Instruments. Bankers’ acceptances are time drafts drawn on and accepted by banks, are a customary means of effecting payment for merchandise

 

10


sold in import-export transactions and are a general source of financing. A time deposit can be either a savings account or CD that is an obligation of a financial institution for a fixed term. Typically, there are penalties for early withdrawals of time deposits. Promissory notes are written commitments of the maker to pay the payee a specified sum of money either on demand or at a fixed or determinable future date, with or without interest.

Bank investment contracts are issued by banks. Pursuant to such contracts, a Fund may make cash contributions to a deposit fund of a bank. The bank then credits to the Fund payments at floating or fixed interest rates. A Fund also may hold funds on deposit with its custodian for temporary purposes.

Certain bank obligations, such as some CDs, are insured by the FDIC up to certain specified limits. Many other bank obligations, however, are neither guaranteed nor insured by the FDIC or the U.S. Government. These bank obligations are “backed” only by the creditworthiness of the issuing bank or parent financial institution. Domestic and foreign banks are subject to different governmental regulation. Accordingly, certain obligations of foreign banks, including Eurodollar and Yankee dollar obligations, involve different and/or heightened investment risks than those affecting obligations of domestic banks, including, among others, the possibilities that: (i) their liquidity could be impaired because of political or economic developments; (ii) the obligations may be less marketable than comparable obligations of domestic banks; (iii) a foreign jurisdiction might impose withholding and other taxes at high levels on interest income; (iv) foreign deposits may be seized or nationalized; (v) foreign governmental restrictions such as exchange controls may be imposed, which could adversely affect the payment of principal and/or interest on those obligations; (vi) there may be less publicly available information concerning foreign banks issuing the obligations; and (vii) the reserve requirements and accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards, practices and requirements applicable to foreign banks may differ (including, less stringent) from those applicable to domestic banks. Foreign banks generally are not subject to examination by any U.S. Government agency or instrumentality. See Types of Investments – Foreign Securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with bank obligations include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

Collateralized Bond Obligations

Collateralized bond obligations (CBOs) are investment grade bonds backed by a pool of bonds, which may include junk bonds (which are considered speculative investments). CBOs are similar in concept to collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), but differ in that CBOs represent different degrees of credit quality rather than different maturities. (See Types of Investments-Mortgage-Backed Securities and -Asset-Backed Securities.) CBOs are often privately offered and sold, and thus not registered under securities laws. Underwriters of CBOs package a large and diversified pool of high-risk, high-yield junk bonds, which is then structured into “tranches.” Typically, the first tranche represents the higher quality collateral and pays the lowest interest rate; the second tranche is backed by riskier bonds and pays a higher rate; the third tranche represents the lowest credit quality and instead of receiving a fixed interest rate receives the residual interest payments — money that is left over after the higher tranches have been paid. CBOs, like CMOs, are substantially overcollateralized and this, plus the diversification of the pool backing them, may earn certain of the tranches investment-grade bond ratings. Holders of third-tranche CBOs stand to earn higher or lower yields depending on the rate of defaults in the collateral pool. See Types of Investments-Low and Below Investment Grade (High Yield) Securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with CBOs include: Credit Risk, Illiquid Securities Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Liquidity Risk, Low and Below Investment Grade (High-Yield) Securities Risk and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

Commercial Paper

Commercial paper is a short-term debt obligation, usually sold on a discount basis, with a maturity ranging from 2 to 270 days issued by banks, corporations and other borrowers. It is sold to investors with temporary idle cash as a way to increase returns on a short-term basis. These instruments are generally unsecured, which increases the credit risk associated with this type of investment. See Types of Investments-Debt Obligations and -Illiquid Securities. See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may apply, the risks typically associated with commercial paper include: Credit Risk and Liquidity Risk.

Common Stock

Common stock represents a unit of equity ownership of a corporation. Owners typically are entitled to vote on the selection of directors and other important corporate governance matters, and to receive dividend payments, if any, on their holdings. However, ownership of common stock does not entitle owners to participate in the day-to-day operations of the corporation. Common stocks of domestic and foreign public corporations can be listed, and their shares traded, on domestic stock exchanges, such as the NYSE or the NASDAQ Stock Market. Domestic and foreign corporations also may have their shares traded on foreign exchanges, such as the London Stock Exchange or Tokyo Stock Exchange. See Types of Investments – Foreign Securities. Common stock may be privately

 

11


placed or publicly offered. The price of common stock is generally determined by corporate earnings, type of products or services offered, projected growth rates, experience of management, liquidity, and market conditions generally. In the event that a corporation declares bankruptcy or is liquidated, the claims of secured and unsecured creditors and owners of bonds and preferred stock take precedence over the claims of those who own common stock. See Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities – Preferred Stock and -Convertible Securities for more information.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with common stock include: Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Convertible Securities

Convertible securities include bonds, debentures, notes, preferred stocks or other securities that may be converted or exchanged (by the holder or by the issuer) into shares of the underlying common stock (or cash or securities of equivalent value) at a stated exchange ratio or predetermined price (the conversion price). As such, convertible securities combine the investment characteristics of debt securities and equity securities. A holder of convertible securities is entitled to receive the income of a bond, debenture or note or the dividend of a preferred stock until the conversion privilege is exercised. The market value of convertible securities generally is a function of, among other factors, interest rates, the rates of return of similar nonconvertible securities and the financial strength of the issuer. The market value of convertible securities tends to decline as interest rates rise and, conversely, to rise as interest rates decline. However, a convertible security’s market value tends to reflect the market price of the common stock of the issuing company when that stock price approaches or is greater than its conversion price. As the market price of the underlying common stock declines, the price of the convertible security tends to be influenced more by the rate of return of the convertible security. Because both interest rate and market movements can influence their value, convertible securities generally are not as sensitive to changes in interest rates as similar debt securities nor generally are they as sensitive to changes in share price as their underlying common stock. Convertible securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities, Types of Investments – Common Stock, Types of Investments – Corporate Debt Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Certain convertible securities may have a mandatory conversion feature, pursuant to which the securities convert automatically into common stock or other equity securities (of the same or a different issuer) at a specified date and at a specified exchange ratio. Certain convertible securities may be convertible at the option of the issuer, which may require a holder to convert the security into the underlying common stock, even at times when the value of the underlying common stock or other equity security has declined substantially. In addition, some convertible securities may be rated below investment grade or may not be rated and, therefore, may be considered speculative investments. Companies that issue convertible securities frequently are small- and mid-capitalization companies and, accordingly, carry the risks associated with such companies. In addition, the credit rating of a company’s convertible securities generally is lower than that of its conventional debt securities. Convertible securities are senior to equity securities and have a claim to the assets of an issuer prior to the holders of the issuer’s common stock in the event of liquidation but generally are subordinate to similar non-convertible debt securities of the same issuer. Some convertible securities are particularly sensitive to changes in interest rates when their predetermined conversion price is much higher than the price for the issuing company’s common stock.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with convertible securities include: Convertible Securities Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Market Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk, and Reinvestment Risk.

Corporate Debt Securities

Corporate debt securities are long and short term fixed income securities typically issued by businesses to finance their operations. Corporate debt securities are issued by private companies, as distinct from debt securities issued by a government or its agencies. The issuer of a corporate debt security often has a contractual obligation to pay interest at a stated rate on specific dates and to repay principal periodically or on a specified maturity date. Corporate debt securities typically have four distinguishing features: (1) they are taxable; (2) they have a par value of $1,000; (3) they have a term maturity, which means they come due at a specified time period; and (4) many are traded on major securities exchanges. Notes, bonds, debentures and commercial paper are the most common types of corporate debt securities, with the primary difference being their interest rates, maturity dates and secured or unsecured status. Commercial paper has the shortest term and usually is unsecured, as are debentures. See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings. The broad category of corporate debt securities includes debt issued by domestic or foreign companies of all kinds, including those with small-, mid- and large-capitalizations. The category also includes bank loans, as well as assignments, participations and other interests in bank loans. Corporate debt securities may be rated investment grade or below investment grade and may be structured as fixed-, variable or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. They may also be senior or subordinated obligations. See Types of Investments – Variable- and

 

12


Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities – Debt Obligations, Types of Investments – Commercial Paper and – Low and Below Investment Grade Securities for more information.

Extendible commercial notes (ECNs) are very similar to commercial paper except that, with ECNs, the issuer has the option to extend the notes’ maturity. ECNs are issued at a discount rate, with an initial redemption of not more than 90 days from the date of issue. If ECNs are not redeemed by the issuer on the initial redemption date, the issuer will pay a premium (step-up) rate based on the ECN’s credit rating at the time.

Because of the wide range of types and maturities of corporate debt securities, as well as the range of creditworthiness of issuers, corporate debt securities can have widely varying risk/return profiles. For example, commercial paper issued by a large established domestic corporation that is rated by an NRSRO as investment grade may have a relatively modest return on principal but present relatively limited risk. On the other hand, a long-term corporate note issued, for example, by a small foreign corporation from an emerging market country that has not been rated by an NRSRO may have the potential for relatively large returns on principal but carries a relatively high degree of risk.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with corporate debt securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, High Yield Securities Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk and Reinvestment Risk.

Custody Receipts and Trust Certificates

Custody receipts and trust certificates are derivative products that evidence direct ownership in a pool of securities. Typically, a sponsor will deposit a pool of securities with a custodian in exchange for custody receipts evidencing interests in those securities. The sponsor generally then will sell the custody receipts or trust certificates in negotiated transactions at varying prices. Each custody receipt or trust certificate evidences the individual securities in the pool and the holder of a custody receipt or trust certificate generally will have all the rights and privileges of owners of those securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with custody receipts and trust certificates include: Liquidity Risk and Counterparty Risk. In addition, custody receipts and trust certificates generally are subject to the same risks as the securities evidenced by the receipts or certificates.

Debt Obligations

Many different types of debt obligations exist (for example, bills, bonds, and notes). Issuers of debt obligations have a contractual obligation to pay interest at a fixed, variable or floating rate on specified dates and to repay principal by a specified maturity date. Certain debt obligations (usually intermediate and long-term bonds) have provisions that allow the issuer to redeem or “call” a bond before its maturity. Issuers are most likely to call these securities during periods of falling interest rates. When this happens, an investor may have to replace these securities with lower yielding securities, which could result in a lower return.

The market value of debt obligations is affected primarily by changes in prevailing interest rates and the issuers perceived ability to repay the debt. The market value of a debt obligation generally reacts inversely to interest rate changes. When prevailing interest rates decline, the market value of the bond usually rises, and when prevailing interest rates rise, the market value of the bond usually declines.

In general, the longer the maturity of a debt obligation, the higher its yield and the greater the sensitivity to changes in interest rates. Conversely, the shorter the maturity, the lower the yield and the lower the sensitivity to changes in interest rates.

As noted, the values of debt obligations also may be affected by changes in the credit rating or financial condition of their issuers. Generally, the lower the quality rating of a security, the higher the degree of risk as to the payment of interest and return of principal. To compensate investors for taking on such increased risk, those issuers deemed to be less creditworthy generally must offer their investors higher interest rates than do issuers with better credit ratings. See Types of Investments-Corporate Debt Securities and Low and Below Investment Grade (High Yield) Securities.

Determining Investment Grade for Purposes of Investment Policies. When determining whether a security is investment grade or below investment grade for purposes of investment policies of investing in such securities, the Funds use the middle rating of Moody’s, S&P and Fitch after excluding the highest and lowest available ratings. When a rating from only two of these agencies is available, the lower rating is used. When a rating from only one of these agencies is available, that rating is used. When a security is not rated by one of these agencies, the Investment Manager or, as applicable, a subadviser, determines whether it is of investment grade or below investment grade (e.g., junk bond) quality. See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings.

 

13


All ratings limitations are applied at the time of purchase. Subsequent to purchase, a debt security may cease to be rated or its rating may be reduced below the minimum required for purchase by a Fund. Neither event will require the sale of such a security, but it will be a factor in considering whether to continue to hold the security.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with debt obligations include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Liquidity Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk and Reinvestment Risk.

Derivatives

General

Derivatives are financial instruments whose values are based on (or “derived” from) traditional securities (such as a stock or a bond), assets (such as a commodity, like gold), reference rates (such as LIBOR), market indices (such as the S&P 500® Index) or customized baskets of securities or instruments. Some forms of derivatives, such as exchange-traded futures and options on securities, commodities, or indices, are traded on regulated exchanges. These types of derivatives are standardized contracts that can easily be bought and sold, and whose market values are determined and published daily. Non-standardized derivatives, on the other hand, tend to be more specialized or complex, and may be harder to value. Many derivative instruments often require little or no initial payment and therefore often create inherent economic leverage. Derivatives, when used properly, can enhance returns and be useful in hedging portfolios and managing risk. Some common types of derivatives include futures; options; options on futures; forward foreign currency exchange contracts; forward contracts on securities and securities indices; linked securities and structured products; CMOs; stripped securities; warrants; swap agreements and swaptions.

A Fund may use derivatives for a variety of reasons, including, for example: (i) to enhance its return; (ii) to attempt to protect against possible unfavorable changes in the market value of securities held in or to be purchased for its portfolio resulting from securities markets or currency exchange rate fluctuations (i.e., to hedge); (iii) to protect its unrealized gains reflected in the value of its portfolio securities; (iv) to facilitate the sale of such securities for investment purposes; (v) to reduce transaction costs; (vi) to manage the effective maturity or duration of its portfolio; and/or (vii) to maintain cash reserves while remaining fully invested.

A Fund may use any or all of the above investment techniques and may purchase different types of derivative instruments at any time and in any combination. There is no particular strategy that dictates the use of one technique over another, as the use of derivatives is a function of numerous variables, including market conditions.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with transactions in derivatives (including the derivatives instruments discussed below) include: Counterparty Risk, Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Leverage Risk, Liquidity Risk, Market Risk, Derivatives Risk, Derivatives Risk/Credit Default Swaps Risk, Derivatives Risk/Forward Foreign Currency Contracts Risk, Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Futures Contracts Risk, Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Structured Notes Risk, Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Swaps, Derivatives Risk/Forward Interest Rate Agreements Risk, Derivatives Risk/Futures Contracts Risk, Derivatives Risk/Interest Rate Swaps Risk, Derivatives Risk/Inverse Floaters Risk, Derivatives Risk/Options Risk, Derivatives Risk/Portfolio Swaps and Total Return Swaps Risk, Derivatives Risk/Total Return Swaps Risk, and Derivatives Risk/Warrants Risk.

Index or Linked Securities (Structured Products)

General. Indexed or linked securities, also often referred to as “structured products,” are instruments that may have varying combinations of equity and debt characteristics. These instruments are structured to recast the investment characteristics of the underlying security or reference asset. If the issuer is a unit investment trust or other special purpose vehicle, the structuring will typically involve the deposit with or purchase by such issuer of specified instruments (such as commercial bank loans or securities) and/or the execution of various derivative transactions, and the issuance by that entity of one or more classes of securities (structured securities) backed by, or representing interests in, the underlying instruments. The cash flow on the underlying instruments may be apportioned among the newly issued structured securities to create securities with different investment characteristics, such as varying maturities, payment priorities and interest rate provisions, and the extent of such payments made with respect to structured securities is dependent on the extent of the cash flow on the underlying instruments.

Indexed and Inverse Floating Rate Securities. A Fund may invest in securities that provide a potential return based on a particular index or interest rates. For example, a Fund may invest in debt securities that pay interest based on an index of interest rates. The principal amount payable upon maturity of certain securities also may be based on the value of the index. To the extent a Fund invests in these types of securities, a Fund’s return on such securities will rise and fall with the value of the particular index: that is, if the value of the index falls, the value of the indexed securities owned by a Fund will fall. Interest and principal payable on certain securities may also be based on relative changes among particular indices.

 

14


A Fund may also invest in so-called “inverse floaters” or “residual interest bonds” on which the interest rates vary inversely with a floating rate (which may be reset periodically by a dutch auction, a remarketing agent, or by reference to a short-term tax-exempt interest rate index). A Fund may purchase synthetically-created inverse floating rate bonds evidenced by custodial or trust receipts. A trust funds the purchase of a bond by issuing two classes of certificates: short-term floating rate notes (typically sold to third parties) and the inverse floaters (also known as residual certificates). No additional income beyond that provided by the trust’s underlying bond is created; rather, that income is merely divided-up between the two classes of certificates. Generally, income on inverse floating rate bonds will decrease when interest rates increase, and will increase when interest rates decrease. Such securities can have the effect of providing a degree of investment leverage, since they may increase or decrease in value in response to changes in market interest rates at a rate that is a multiple of the actual rate at which fixed-rate securities increase or decrease in response to such changes. As a result, the market values of such securities will generally be more volatile than the market values of fixed-rate securities. To seek to limit the volatility of these securities, a Fund may purchase inverse floating obligations that have shorter-term maturities or that contain limitations on the extent to which the interest rate may vary. Certain investments in such obligations may be illiquid. Furthermore, where such a security includes a contingent liability, in the event of an adverse movement in the underlying index or interest rate, a Fund may be required to pay substantial additional margin to maintain the position.

Credit Linked Securities. Among the income-producing securities in which a Fund may invest are credit linked securities. The issuers of these securities frequently are limited purpose trusts or other special purpose vehicles that, in turn, invest in a derivative instrument or basket of derivative instruments, such as credit default swaps, interest rate swaps and other securities, in order to provide exposure to certain fixed income markets. For instance, a Fund may invest in credit linked securities as a cash management tool in order to gain exposure to a certain market and/or to remain fully invested when more traditional income-producing securities are not available. Like an investment in a bond, investments in these credit linked securities represent the right to receive periodic income payments (in the form of distributions) and payment of principal at the end of the term of the security. However, these payments are conditioned on or linked to the issuer’s receipt of payments from, and the issuer’s potential obligations to, the counterparties to the derivative instruments and other securities in which the issuer invests. For instance, the issuer may sell one or more credit default swaps, under which the issuer would receive a stream of payments over the term of the swap agreements provided that no event of default has occurred with respect to the referenced debt obligation upon which the swap is based. If a default occurs, the stream of payments may stop and the issuer would be obligated to pay the counterparty the par (or other agreed upon value) of the referenced debt obligation. This, in turn, would reduce the amount of income and/or principal that a Fund would receive. A Fund’s investments in these instruments are indirectly subject to the risks associated with derivative instruments. These securities generally are exempt from registration under the 1933 Act. Accordingly, there may be no established trading market for the securities and they may constitute illiquid investments.

Index-, Commodity- and Currency Securities. “Index-linked” or “commodity-linked” notes are debt securities of companies that call for interest payments and/or payment at maturity in different terms than the typical note where the borrower agrees to make fixed interest payments and to pay a fixed sum at maturity. Principal and/or interest payments on an index-linked or commodity-linked note depend on the performance of one or more market indices, such as the S&P 500® Index, a weighted index of commodity futures such as crude oil, gasoline and natural gas or the market prices of a particular commodity or basket of commodities or securities. Currency-linked debt securities are short-term or intermediate-term instruments having a value at maturity, and/or an interest rate, determined by reference to one or more foreign currencies. Payment of principal or periodic interest may be calculated as a multiple of the movement of one currency against another currency, or against an index.

Index, commodity and currency securities may entail substantial risks. Such instruments may be subject to significant price volatility. The company issuing the instrument may fail to pay the amount due on maturity. The underlying investment may not perform as expected by a Fund’s portfolio manager. Markets and underlying investments and indexes may move in a direction that was not anticipated by a Fund’s portfolio manager. Performance of the derivatives may be influenced by interest rate and other market changes in the United States and abroad, and certain derivative instruments may be illiquid.

Linked securities are often issued by unit investment trusts. Examples of this include such index-linked securities as S&P Depositary Receipts (SPDRs), which is an interest in a unit investment trust holding a portfolio of securities linked to the S&P 500® Index, and a type of exchange-traded fund (ETF). Because a unit investment trust is an investment company under the 1940 Act, a Fund’s investments in SPDRs are subject to the limitations set forth in Section 12(d)(1)(A) of the 1940 Act. SPDRs generally closely track the underlying portfolio of securities, trade like a share of common stock and pay periodic dividends proportionate to those paid by the portfolio of stocks that comprise the S&P 500® Index. As a holder of interests in a unit investment trust, a Fund would indirectly bear its ratable share of that unit investment trust’s expenses. At the same time, a Fund would continue to pay its own management and advisory fees and other expenses, as a result of which a Fund and its shareholders in effect would be absorbing levels of fees with respect to investments in such unit investment trusts.

 

15


Because linked securities typically involve no credit enhancement, their credit risk generally will be equivalent to that of the underlying instruments. Investments in structured products may be structured as a class that is either subordinated or unsubordinated to the right of payment of another class. Subordinated linked securities typically have higher rates of return and present greater risks than unsubordinated structured products. Structured products sometimes are sold in private placement transactions and often have a limited trading market.

Investments in linked securities have the potential to lead to significant losses because of unexpected movements in the underlying financial asset, index, currency or other investment. The ability of a Fund to utilize linked securities successfully will depend on its ability correctly to predict pertinent market movements, which cannot be assured. Because currency-linked securities usually relate to foreign currencies, some of which may be currencies from emerging market countries, there are certain additional risks associated with such investments.

Futures Contracts and Options on Futures Contracts

Futures Contracts. A futures contract sale creates an obligation by the seller to deliver the type of security or other asset called for in the contract at a specified delivery time for a stated price. A futures contract purchase creates an obligation by the purchaser to take delivery of the type of security or other asset called for in the contract at a specified delivery time for a stated price. The specific security or other asset delivered or taken at the settlement date is not determined until on or near that date. The determination is made in accordance with the rules of the exchange on which the futures contract was made. A Fund may enter into futures contracts which are traded on national or foreign futures exchanges and are standardized as to maturity date and underlying security or other asset. Futures exchanges and trading in the United States are regulated under the Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), a U.S. Government agency.

Traders in futures contracts may be broadly classified as either “hedgers” or “speculators.” Hedgers use the futures markets primarily to offset unfavorable changes (anticipated or potential) in the value of securities or other assets currently owned or expected to be acquired by them. Speculators less often own the securities or other assets underlying the futures contracts which they trade, and generally use futures contracts with the expectation of realizing profits from fluctuations in the value of the underlying securities or other assets. Pursuant to a notice of eligibility claiming exclusion from the definition of commodity pool operator filed with the CFTC and the National Futures Association on behalf of the Funds, neither the Trust nor any of the individual Funds is deemed to be a “commodity pool operator” under the CEA, and, accordingly, they are not subject to registration or regulation as such under the CEA. However, the CFTC is implementing significant changes in the way in which registered investment companies that invest in commodities markets are regulated. As a result of these changes, certain Funds may be compelled to consider significant changes, which could include altering its investment strategies (e.g., reducing substantially the Fund’s exposure to the commodities markets) or becoming subject to registration or regulation as a “commodity pool operator” under the CEA.

Upon entering into futures contracts, in compliance with regulatory requirements, cash or liquid securities, equal in value to the amount of a Fund’s obligation under the contract (less any applicable margin deposits and any assets that constitute “cover” for such obligation), will be segregated with a Fund’s custodian.

Unlike when a Fund purchases or sells a security, no price is paid or received by a Fund upon the purchase or sale of a futures contract, although a Fund is required to deposit with its custodian in a segregated account in the name of the futures broker an amount of cash and/or U.S. Government securities in order to initiate and maintain open positions in futures contracts. This amount is known as “initial margin.” The nature of initial margin in futures transactions is different from that of margin in security transactions, in that futures contract margin does not involve the borrowing of funds by a Fund to finance the transactions. Rather, initial margin is in the nature of a performance bond or good faith deposit intended to assure completion of the contract (delivery or acceptance of the underlying security or other asset) that is returned to a Fund upon termination of the futures contract, assuming all contractual obligations have been satisfied. Minimum initial margin requirements are established by the relevant futures exchange and may be changed. Brokers may establish deposit requirements which are higher than the exchange minimums. Futures contracts are customarily purchased and sold on margin which may range upward from less than 5% of the value of the contract being traded. Subsequent payments, called “variation margin,” to and from the broker (or the custodian) are made on a daily basis as the price of the underlying security or other asset fluctuates, a process known as “marking to market.” If the futures contract price changes to the extent that the margin on deposit does not satisfy margin requirements, payment of additional variation margin will be required. Conversely, a change in the contract value may reduce the required margin, resulting in a repayment of excess margin to the contract holder. Variation margin payments are made for as long as the contract remains open. A Fund expects to earn interest income on its margin deposits.

Although futures contracts by their terms call for actual delivery or acceptance of securities or other assets (stock index futures contracts or futures contracts that reference other intangible assets do not permit delivery of the referenced assets), the contracts usually are closed out before the settlement date without the making or taking of delivery. A Fund may elect to close some or all of its futures positions at any time prior to their expiration. The purpose of taking such action would be to reduce or eliminate the position

 

16


then currently held by a Fund. Closing out an open futures position is done by taking an opposite position (“buying” a contract which has previously been “sold,” “selling” a contract previously “purchased”) in an identical contract (i.e., the same aggregate amount of the specific type of security or other asset with the same delivery date) to terminate the position. Final determinations are made as to whether the price of the initial sale of the futures contract exceeds or is below the price of the offsetting purchase, or whether the purchase price exceeds or is below the offsetting sale price. Final determinations of variation margin are then made, additional cash is required to be paid by or released to a Fund, and a Fund realizes a loss or a gain. Brokerage commissions are incurred when a futures contract is bought or sold.

Successful use of futures contracts by a Fund is subject to a Fund’s portfolio manager ability to predict correctly movements in the direction of interest rates and other factors affecting securities and commodities markets. This requires different skills and techniques than those required to predict changes in the prices of individual securities. A Fund, therefore, bears the risk that future market trends will be incorrectly predicted.

The risk of loss in trading futures contracts in some strategies can be substantial, due both to the relatively low margin deposits required and the potential for an extremely high degree of leverage involved in futures contracts. As a result, a relatively small price movement in a futures contract may result in an immediate and substantial loss to the investor. For example, if at the time of purchase, 10% of the value of the futures contract is deposited as margin, a subsequent 10% decrease in the value of the futures contract would result in a total loss of the margin deposit, before any deduction for the transaction costs, if the account were then closed out. A 15% decrease would result in a loss equal to 150% of the original margin deposit if the contract were closed out. Thus, a purchase or sale of a futures contract may result in losses in excess of the amount posted as initial margin for the contract.

In the event of adverse price movements, a Fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments in order to maintain its required margin. In such a situation, if a Fund has insufficient cash, it may have to sell portfolio securities in order to meet daily margin requirements at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. The inability to close the futures position also could have an adverse impact on the ability to hedge effectively.

To reduce or eliminate a hedge position held by a Fund, a Fund may seek to close out a position. The ability to establish and close out positions will be subject to the development and maintenance of a liquid secondary market. It is not certain that this market will develop or continue to exist for a particular futures contract, which may limit a Fund’s ability to realize its profits or limit its losses. Reasons for the absence of a liquid secondary market on an exchange include the following: (i) there may be insufficient trading interest in certain contracts; (ii) restrictions may be imposed by an exchange on opening transactions, closing transactions or both; (iii) trading halts, suspensions or other restrictions may be imposed with respect to particular classes or series of contracts, or underlying securities; (iv) unusual or unforeseen circumstances, such as volume in excess of trading or clearing capability, may interrupt normal operations on an exchange; (v) the facilities of an exchange or a clearing corporation may not at all times be adequate to handle current trading volume; or (vi) one or more exchanges could, for economic or other reasons, decide or be compelled at some future date to discontinue the trading of contracts (or a particular class or series of contracts), in which event the secondary market on that exchange (or in the class or series of contracts) would cease to exist, although outstanding contracts on the exchange that had been issued by a clearing corporation as a result of trades on that exchange would continue to be exercisable in accordance with their terms.

Interest Rate Futures Contracts. Bond prices are established in both the cash market and the futures market.

In the cash market, bonds are purchased and sold with payment for the full purchase price of the bond being made in cash, generally within five business days after the trade. In the futures market, a contract is made to purchase or sell a bond in the future for a set price on a certain date. Historically, the prices for bonds established in the futures markets have tended to move generally in the aggregate in concert with the cash market prices and have maintained fairly predictable relationships. Accordingly, a Fund may use interest rate futures contracts as a defense, or hedge, against anticipated interest rate changes. A Fund presently could accomplish a similar result to that which it hopes to achieve through the use of interest rate futures contracts by selling bonds with long maturities and investing in bonds with short maturities when interest rates are expected to increase, or conversely, selling bonds with short maturities and investing in bonds with long maturities when interest rates are expected to decline. However, because of the liquidity that is often available in the futures market, the protection is more likely to be achieved, perhaps at a lower cost and without changing the rate of interest being earned by a Fund, through using futures contracts.

Interest rate futures contracts are traded in an auction environment on the floors of several exchanges principally, the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and the New York Futures Exchange. Each exchange guarantees performance under contract provisions through a clearing corporation, a nonprofit organization managed by the exchange membership. A public market exists in futures contracts covering various financial instruments including long-term U.S. Treasury Bonds and Notes; GNMA modified pass-through mortgage backed securities; three-month U.S. Treasury Bills; and ninety-day commercial paper. A Fund may also invest in exchange-traded Eurodollar contracts, which are interest rate futures on the forward level of LIBOR. These contracts are generally considered liquid securities and trade on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Such Eurodollar contracts are generally used to “lock-in” or hedge the future level of short-term rates. A Fund may trade in any interest rate futures contracts for which there exists a public market, including, without limitation, the foregoing instruments.

 

17


Index Futures Contracts. An index futures contract is a contract to buy or sell units of an index at a specified future date at a price agreed upon when the contract is made. Entering into a contract to buy units of an index is commonly referred to as buying or purchasing a contract or holding a long position in the index. Entering into a contract to sell units of an index is commonly referred to as selling a contract or holding a short position in the index. A unit is the current value of the index. A Fund may enter into stock index futures contracts, debt index futures contracts, or other index futures contracts appropriate to its objective(s).

Municipal Bond Index Futures Contracts. Municipal bond index futures contracts may act as a hedge against changes in market conditions. A municipal bond index assigns values daily to the municipal bonds included in the index based on the independent assessment of dealer-to-dealer municipal bond brokers. A municipal bond index futures contract represents a firm commitment by which two parties agree to take or make delivery of an amount equal to a specified dollar amount multiplied by the difference between the municipal bond index value on the last trading date of the contract and the price at which the futures contract is originally struck. No physical delivery of the underlying securities in the index is made.

Commodity-Linked Futures Contracts. Commodity-linked futures contracts are traded on futures exchanges.

These futures exchanges offer a central marketplace in which to transact in futures contracts, a clearing corporation to process trades, and standardization of expiration dates and contract sizes. Futures markets also specify the terms and conditions of delivery as well as the maximum permissible price movement during a trading session. Additionally, the commodity futures exchanges may have position limit rules that limit the amount of futures contracts that any one party may hold in a particular commodity at any point in time. These position limit rules are designed to prevent any one participant from controlling a significant portion of the market.

Commodity-linked futures contracts are generally based upon commodities within six main commodity groups: (1) energy, which includes, among others, crude oil, brent crude oil, gas oil, natural gas, gasoline and heating oil; (2) livestock, which includes, among others, feeder cattle, live cattle and hogs; (3) agriculture, which includes, among others, wheat (Kansas wheat and Chicago wheat), corn and soybeans; (4) industrial metals, which includes, among others, aluminum, copper, lead, nickel and zinc; and (5) precious metals, which includes, among others, gold and silver; and (6) softs, which includes cotton, coffee, sugar and cocoa. A Fund may purchase commodity futures contracts, swaps on commodity futures contracts, options on futures contracts and options and futures on commodity indices with respect to these six main commodity groups and the individual commodities within each group, as well as other types of commodities.

The price of a commodity futures contract will reflect the storage costs of purchasing the physical commodity. These storage costs include the time value of money invested in the physical commodity plus the actual costs of storing the commodity less any benefits from ownership of the physical commodity that are not obtained by the holder of a futures contract (this is sometimes referred to as the “convenience yield”). To the extent that these storage costs change for an underlying commodity while a Fund is long futures contracts on that commodity, the value of the futures contract may change proportionately.

In the commodity futures markets, if producers of the underlying commodity wish to hedge the price risk of selling the commodity, they will sell futures contracts today to lock in the price of the commodity at delivery tomorrow. In order to induce speculators to take the corresponding long side of the same futures contract, the commodity producer must be willing to sell the futures contract at a price that is below the expected future spot price. Conversely, if the predominate hedgers in the futures market are the purchasers of the underlying commodity who purchase futures contracts to hedge against a rise in prices, then speculators will only take the short side of the futures contract if the futures price is greater than the expected future spot price of the commodity.

The changing nature of the hedgers and speculators in the commodity markets will influence whether futures contract prices are above or below the expected future spot price. This can have significant implications for a Fund when it is time to replace an existing contract with a new contract. If the nature of hedgers and speculators in futures markets has shifted such that commodity purchasers are the predominate hedgers in the market, a Fund might open the new futures position at a higher price or choose other related commodity-linked investments.

The values of commodities which underlie commodity futures contracts are subject to additional variables which may be less significant to the values of traditional securities such as stocks and bonds. Variables such as drought, floods, weather, livestock disease, embargoes and tariffs may have a larger impact on commodity prices and commodity-linked investments, including futures contracts, commodity-linked structured notes, commodity-linked options and commodity-linked swaps, than on traditional securities. These additional variables may create additional investment risks which subject a Fund’s commodity-linked investments to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities.

 

18


Options on Futures Contracts. A Fund may purchase and write call and put options on those futures contracts that it is permitted to buy or sell. A Fund may use such options on futures contracts in lieu of writing options directly on the underlying securities or other assets or purchasing and selling the underlying futures contracts. Such options generally operate in the same manner as options purchased or written directly on the underlying investments. A futures option gives the holder, in return for the premium paid, the right, but not the obligation, to buy from (call) or sell to (put) the writer of the option a futures contract at a specified price at any time during the period of the option. Upon exercise, the writer of the option is obligated to pay the difference between the cash value of the futures contract and the exercise price. Like the buyer or seller of a futures contract, the holder or writer of an option has the right to terminate its position prior to the scheduled expiration of the option by selling or purchasing an option of the same series, at which time the person entering into the closing purchase transaction will realize a gain or loss. There is no guarantee that such closing purchase transactions can be effected.

A Fund will enter into written options on futures contracts only when, in compliance with regulatory requirements, cash or liquid securities equal in value to the underlying security’s or other asset’s value (less any applicable margin deposits) have been deposited in a segregated account. A Fund will be required to deposit initial margin and maintenance margin with respect to put and call options on futures contracts written by it pursuant to brokers’ requirements similar to those described above.

Options on Index Futures Contracts. A Fund may also purchase and sell options on index futures contracts.

Options on index futures give the purchaser the right, in return for the premium paid, to assume a position in an index futures contract (a long position if the option is a call and a short position if the option is a put), at a specified exercise price at any time during the period of the option. Upon exercise of the option, the delivery of the futures position by the writer of the option to the holder of the option will be accompanied by delivery of the accumulated balance in the writer’s futures margin account, which represents the amount by which the market price of the index futures contract, at exercise, exceeds (in the case of a call) or is less than (in the case of a put) the exercise price of the option on the index future. If an option is exercised on the last trading day prior to the expiration date of the option, the settlement will be made entirely in cash equal to the difference between the exercise price of the option and the closing level of the index on which the future is based on the expiration date. Purchasers of options who fail to exercise their options prior to the exercise date suffer a loss of the premium paid.

Options on Stocks and Stock and Other Indices. A Fund may purchase and write (i.e., sell) put and call options. Such options may relate to particular stocks or stock indices, and may or may not be listed on a domestic or foreign securities exchange and may or may not be issued by the Options Clearing Corporation (OCC). Stock index options are put options and call options on various stock indices. In most respects, they are identical to listed options on common stocks.

There is a key difference between stock options and index options in connection with their exercise. In the case of stock options, the underlying security, common stock, is delivered. However, upon the exercise of an index option, settlement does not occur by delivery of the securities comprising the index. The option holder who exercises the index option receives an amount of cash if the closing level of the stock index upon which the option is based is greater than (in the case of a call) or less than (in the case of a put) the exercise price of the option. This amount of cash is equal to the difference between the closing price of the stock index and the exercise price of the option expressed in dollars times a specified multiple. A stock index fluctuates with changes in the market value of the securities included in the index. For example, some stock index options are based on a broad market index, such as the S&P 500® Index or a narrower market index, such as the S&P 100® Index. Indices may also be based on an industry or market segment.

A Fund may, for the purpose of hedging its portfolio, subject to applicable securities regulations, purchase and write put and call options on foreign stock indices listed on foreign and domestic stock exchanges.

As an alternative to purchasing call and put options on index futures, a Fund may purchase call and put options on the underlying indices themselves. Such options could be used in a manner identical to the use of options on index futures. Options involving securities indices provide the holder with the right to make or receive a cash settlement upon exercise of the option based on movements in the relevant index. Such options must be listed on a national securities exchange and issued by the OCC. Such options may relate to particular securities or to various stock indices, except that a Fund may not write covered options on an index.

Writing Covered Options. A Fund may write covered call options and covered put options on securities held in its portfolio. Call options written by a Fund give the purchaser the right to buy the underlying securities from a Fund at the stated exercise price at any time prior to the expiration date of the option, regardless of the security’s market price; put options give the purchaser the right to sell the underlying securities to a Fund at the stated exercise price at any time prior to the expiration date of the option, regardless of the security’s market price.

A Fund may write only covered options, which means that, so long as a Fund is obligated as the writer of a call option, it will own the underlying securities subject to the option (or comparable securities satisfying the cover requirements of securities exchanges). In the case of put options, a Fund will hold cash, cash equivalents, money market fund shares and/or high-grade short-term debt obligations

 

19


equal to the price to be paid if the option is exercised. In addition, a Fund will be considered to have covered a put or call option if and to the extent that it holds an option that offsets some or all of the risk of the option it has written. A Fund may write combinations of covered puts and calls (straddles) on the same underlying security.

A Fund will receive a premium from writing a put or call option, which increases a Fund’s return on the underlying security if the option expires unexercised or is closed out at a profit. The amount of the premium reflects, among other things, the relationship between the exercise price and the current market value of the underlying security, the volatility of the underlying security, the amount of time remaining until expiration, current interest rates, and the effect of supply and demand in the options market and in the market for the underlying security. By writing a call option, a Fund limits its opportunity to profit from any increase in the market value of the underlying security above the exercise price of the option but continues to bear the risk of a decline in the value of the underlying security. By writing a put option, a Fund assumes the risk that it may be required to purchase the underlying security for an exercise price higher than the security’s then-current market value, resulting in a potential capital loss unless the security subsequently appreciates in value.

A Fund’s obligation to sell an instrument subject to a call option written by it, or to purchase an instrument subject to a put option written by it, may be terminated prior to the expiration date of the option by a Fund’s execution of a closing purchase transaction, which is effected by purchasing on an exchange an offsetting option of the same series (i.e., same underlying instrument, exercise price and expiration date) as the option previously written. A closing purchase transaction will ordinarily be effected in order to realize a profit on an outstanding option, to prevent an underlying instrument from being called, to permit the sale of the underlying instrument or to permit the writing of a new option containing different terms on such underlying instrument. A Fund realizes a profit or loss from a closing purchase transaction if the cost of the transaction (option premium plus transaction costs) is less or more than the premium received from writing the option. Because increases in the market price of a call option generally reflect increases in the market price of the security underlying the option, any loss resulting from a closing purchase transaction may be offset in whole or in part by unrealized appreciation of the underlying security.

If a Fund writes a call option but does not own the underlying security, and when it writes a put option, a Fund may be required to deposit cash or securities with its broker as “margin” or collateral for its obligation to buy or sell the underlying security. As the value of the underlying security varies, a Fund may also have to deposit additional margin with the broker. Margin requirements are complex and are fixed by individual brokers, subject to minimum requirements currently imposed by the Federal Reserve Board and by stock exchanges and other self-regulatory organizations.

Purchasing Put Options. A Fund may purchase put options to protect its portfolio holdings in an underlying security against a decline in market value. Such hedge protection is provided during the life of the put option since a Fund, as holder of the put option, is able to sell the underlying security at the put exercise price regardless of any decline in the underlying security’s market price. For a put option to be profitable, the market price of the underlying security must decline sufficiently below the exercise price to cover the premium and transaction costs. By using put options in this manner, a Fund will reduce any profit it might otherwise have realized from appreciation of the underlying security by the premium paid for the put option and by transaction costs.

Purchasing Call Options. A Fund may purchase call options, including to hedge against an increase in the price of securities that a Fund wants ultimately to buy. Such hedge protection is provided during the life of the call option since a Fund, as holder of the call option, is able to buy the underlying security at the exercise price regardless of any increase in the underlying security’s market price. In order for a call option to be profitable, the market price of the underlying security must rise sufficiently above the exercise price to cover the premium and transaction costs. These costs will reduce any profit a Fund might have realized had it bought the underlying security at the time it purchased the call option.

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Options. OTC options (options not traded on exchanges) are generally established through negotiation with the other party to the options contract. A Fund will enter into OTC options transactions only with primary dealers in U.S. Government securities and, in the case of OTC options written by a Fund, only pursuant to agreements that will assure that a Fund will at all times have the right to repurchase the option written by it from the dealer at a specified formula price. A Fund will treat the amount by which such formula price exceeds the amount, if any, by which the option may be “in-the-money” as an illiquid investment. It is the present policy of a Fund not to enter into any OTC option transaction if, as a result, more than 15% (10% in some cases, refer to your Fund’s prospectuses) of a Fund’s net assets would be invested in (i) illiquid investments (determined under the foregoing formula) relating to OTC options written by a Fund, (ii) OTC options purchased by a Fund, (iii) securities which are not readily marketable, and (iv) repurchase agreements maturing in more than seven days.

Swap Agreements

Swap agreements are derivative instruments that can be individually negotiated and structured to include exposure to a variety of different types of investments or market factors. Depending on their structure, swap agreements may increase or decrease a Fund’s exposure to long- or short-term interest rates, foreign currency values, mortgage securities, corporate borrowing rates, or other factors

 

20


such as security prices or inflation rates. A Fund may enter into a variety of swap agreements, including interest rate, index, commodity, commodity futures, equity, equity index, credit default, bond futures, total return, portfolio, and currency exchange rate swap agreements, and other types of swap agreements such as caps, collars and floors. A Fund also may enter into swaptions, which are options to enter into a swap agreement.

Swap agreements are usually entered into without an upfront payment because the value of each party’s position is the same. The market values of the underlying commitments will change over time, resulting in one of the commitments being worth more than the other and the net market value creating a risk exposure for one counterparty or the other.

In a typical interest rate swap, one party agrees to make regular payments equal to a floating interest rate times a “notional principal amount,” in return for payments equal to a fixed rate times the same amount, for a specified period of time. If a swap agreement provides for payments in different currencies, the parties might agree to exchange notional principal amounts as well. In a total return swap agreement, the non-floating rate side of the swap is based on the total return of an individual security, a basket of securities, an index or another reference asset. Swaps may also depend on other prices or rates, such as the value of an index or mortgage prepayment rates.

In a typical cap or floor agreement, one party agrees to make payments only under specified circumstances, usually in return for payment of a fee by the other party. For example, the buyer of an interest rate cap obtains the right to receive payments to the extent that a specified interest rate exceeds an agreed-upon level, while the seller of an interest rate floor is obligated to make payments to the extent that a specified interest rate falls below an agreed-upon level. Caps and floors have an effect similar to buying or writing options. A collar combines elements of buying a cap and selling a floor. In interest rate collar transactions, one party sells a cap and purchases a floor, or vice versa, in an attempt to protect itself against interest rate movements exceeding given minimum or maximum levels or collar amounts.

Swap agreements will tend to shift a Fund’s investment exposure from one type of investment to another. For example, if a Fund agreed to pay fixed rates in exchange for floating rates while holding fixed-rate bonds, the swap would tend to decrease a Fund’s exposure to long-term interest rates. Another example is if a Fund agreed to exchange payments in dollars for payments in foreign currency. In that case, the swap agreement would tend to decrease a Fund’s exposure to U.S. interest rates and increase its exposure to foreign currency and interest rates.

Interest Rate Swaps. Interest rate swap agreements are often used to obtain or preserve a desired return or spread at a lower cost than through a direct investment in an instrument that yields the desired return or spread. They are financial instruments that involve the exchange of one type of interest rate cash flow for another type of interest rate cash flow on specified dates in the future. In a standard interest rate swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange their respective commitments to pay fixed or floating interest rates on a predetermined specified (notional) amount. The swap agreement’s notional amount is the predetermined basis for calculating the obligations that the swap counterparties have agreed to exchange. Under most swap agreements, the obligations of the parties are exchanged on a net basis. The two payment streams are netted out, with each party receiving or paying, as the case may be, only the net amount of the two payments. Interest rate swaps can be based on various measures of interest rates, including LIBOR, swap rates, Treasury rates and foreign interest rates.

Credit Default Swap Agreements. A Fund may enter into credit default swap agreements, which may have as reference obligations one or more securities or a basket of securities that are or are not currently held by a Fund. The protection “buyer” in a credit default contract is generally obligated to pay the protection “seller” an upfront or a periodic stream of payments over the term of the contract provided that no credit event, such as a default, on a reference obligation has occurred. If a credit event occurs, the seller generally must pay the buyer the “par value” (full notional value) of the swap in exchange for an equal face amount of deliverable obligations of the reference entity described in the swap, or the seller may be required to deliver the related net cash amount, if the swap is cash settled. A Fund may be either the buyer or seller in a credit default swap. If a Fund is a buyer and no credit event occurs, a Fund may recover nothing if the swap is held through its termination date. However, if a credit event occurs, the buyer generally may elect to receive the full notional value of the swap in exchange for an equal face amount of deliverable obligations of the reference entity whose value may have significantly decreased. As a seller, a Fund generally receives an upfront payment or a fixed rate of income throughout the term of the swap provided that there is no credit event. As the seller, a Fund would effectively add leverage to its portfolio because, in addition to its total net assets, a Fund would be subject to investment exposure on the notional amount of the swap.

Credit default swap agreements may involve greater risks than if a Fund had invested in the reference obligation directly since, in addition to risks relating to the reference obligation, credit default swaps are subject to illiquidity risk, counterparty risk and credit risk. A Fund will enter into credit default swap agreements generally with counterparties that meet certain standards of creditworthiness. A buyer generally will lose its investment and recover nothing if no credit event occurs and the swap is held to its termination date. If a credit event were to occur, the value of any deliverable obligation received by the seller, coupled with the upfront or periodic payments previously received, may be less than the full notional value it pays to the buyer, resulting in a loss of value to the seller.

 

21


A Fund’s obligations under a credit default swap agreement will be accrued daily (offset against any amounts owing to the Fund). In connection with credit default swaps in which a Fund is the buyer, the Fund will segregate or “earmark” cash or other liquid assets, or enter into certain offsetting positions, with a value at least equal to the Fund’s exposure (any accrued but unpaid net amounts owed by the Fund to any counterparty), on a mark-to-market basis. In connection with credit default swaps in which a Fund is the seller, the Fund will segregate or “earmark” cash or other liquid assets, or enter into offsetting positions, with a value at least equal to the full notional amount of the swap (minus any amounts owed to the Fund). Such segregation or “earmarking” will ensure that a Fund has assets available to satisfy its obligations with respect to the transaction. Such segregation or “earmarking” will not limit a Fund’s exposure to loss.

Equity Swaps. A Fund may engage in equity swaps. Equity swaps allow the parties to the swap agreement to exchange components of return on one equity investment (e.g., a basket of equity securities or an index) for a component of return on another non-equity or equity investment, including an exchange of differential rates of return. Equity swaps may be used to invest in a market without owning or taking physical custody of securities in circumstances where direct investment may be restricted for legal reasons or is otherwise impractical. Equity swaps also may be used for other purposes, such as hedging or seeking to increase total return.

Total Return Swap Agreements. Total return swap agreements are contracts in which one party agrees to make periodic payments to another party based on the change in market value of the assets underlying the contract, which may include a specified security, basket of securities or securities indices during the specified period, in return for periodic payments based on a fixed or variable interest rate or the total return from other underlying assets. Total return swap agreements may be used to obtain exposure to a security or market without owning or taking physical custody of such security or investing directly in such market. Total return swap agreements may effectively add leverage to a Fund’s portfolio because, in addition to its total net assets, a Fund would be subject to investment exposure on the notional amount of the swap.

Total return swap agreements are subject to the risk that a counterparty will default on its payment obligations to a Fund thereunder, and conversely, that a Fund will not be able to meet its obligation to the counterparty. Generally, a Fund will enter into total return swaps on a net basis (i.e., the two payment streams are netted against one another with a Fund receiving or paying, as the case may be, only the net amount of the two payments). The net amount of the excess, if any, of a Fund’s obligations over its entitlements with respect to each total return swap will be accrued on a daily basis, and an amount of liquid assets having an aggregate net asset value at least equal to the accrued excess will be segregated by a Fund. If the total return swap transaction is entered into on other than a net basis, the full amount of a Fund’s obligations will be accrued on a daily basis, and the full amount of a Fund’s obligations will be segregated by a Fund in an amount equal to or greater than the market value of the liabilities under the total return swap agreement or the amount it would have cost a Fund initially to make an equivalent direct investment, plus or minus any amount a Fund is obligated to pay or is to receive under the total return swap agreement.

Variance, Volatility and Correlation Swap Agreements. Variance and volatility swaps are contracts that provide exposure to increases or decreases in the volatility of certain referenced assets. Correlation swaps are contracts that provide exposure to increases or decreases in the correlation between the prices of different assets or different market rates.

Commodity-Linked Swaps. Commodity-linked swaps are two-party contracts in which the parties agree to exchange the return or interest rate on one instrument for the return of a particular commodity, commodity index or commodities futures or options contract. The payment streams are calculated by reference to an agreed upon notional amount. A one-period swap contract operates in a manner similar to a forward or futures contract because there is an agreement to swap a commodity for cash at only one forward date. A Fund may engage in swap transactions that have more than one period and therefore more than one exchange of commodities.

A Fund may invest in total return commodity swaps to gain exposure to the overall commodity markets. In a total return commodity swap, a Fund will receive the price appreciation of a commodity index, a portion of the index, or a single commodity in exchange for paying an agreed-upon fee. If the commodity swap is for one period, the Fund will pay a fixed fee, established at the outset of the swap. However, if the term of the commodity swap is more than one period, with interim swap payments, the Fund will pay an adjustable or floating fee. With a “floating” rate, the fee is pegged to a base rate such as LIBOR, and is adjusted each period. Therefore, if interest rates increase over the term of the swap contract, a Fund may be required to pay a higher fee at each swap reset date.

Cross Currency Swaps. Cross currency swaps are similar to interest rate swaps, except that they involve multiple currencies. A Fund may enter into a cross currency swap when it has exposure to one currency and desires exposure to a different currency. Typically, the interest rates that determine the currency swap payments are fixed, although occasionally one or both parties may pay a floating rate of interest. Unlike an interest rate swap, however, the principal amounts are exchanged at the beginning of the contract and returned at

 

22


the end of the contract. In addition to paying and receiving amounts at the beginning and termination of the agreements, both sides will have to pay in full periodically based upon the currency they have borrowed. Changes in foreign exchange currency rates and changes in interest rates, as described above, may negatively affect currency swaps.

Contracts for Differences. Contracts for differences are swap arrangements in which the parties agree that their return (or loss) will be based on the relative performance of two different groups or baskets of securities. Often, one or both baskets will be an established securities index. A Fund’s return will be based on changes in value of theoretical long futures positions in the securities comprising one basket (with an aggregate face value equal to the notional amount of the contract for differences) and theoretical short futures positions in the securities comprising the other basket. A Fund also may use actual long and short futures positions and achieve similar market exposure by netting the payment obligations of the two contracts. A Fund typically enters into contracts for differences (and analogous futures positions) when its portfolio manager believes that the basket of securities constituting the long position will outperform the basket constituting the short position. If the short basket outperforms the long basket, a Fund will realize a loss — even in circumstances when the securities in both the long and short baskets appreciate in value.

Swaptions. A swaption is an options contract on a swap agreement. These transactions that give a counterparty the right (but not the obligation) to enter into new swap agreements or to shorten, extend, cancel or otherwise modify an existing swap agreement (which are described herein) at some designated future time on specified terms, in return for payment of the purchase price (the “premium”) of the option. A Fund may write (sell) and purchase put and call swaptions to the same extent it may make use of standard options on securities or other instruments. The writer of the contract receives the premium and bears the risk of unfavorable changes in the market value on the underlying swap agreement. Swaptions can be bundled and sold as a package. These are commonly called interest rate caps, floors and collars (which are described herein).

Dollar Rolls

Dollar rolls involve selling securities (e.g., mortgage-backed securities or U.S. Treasury securities) and simultaneously entering into a commitment to purchase those or similar securities on a specified future date and price from the same party. Mortgage dollar rolls and U.S. Treasury rolls are types of dollar rolls. A Fund foregoes principal and interest paid on the securities during the “roll” period. A Fund is compensated by the difference between the current sales price and the lower forward price for the future purchase of the securities, as well as the interest earned on the cash proceeds of the initial sale. The investor also could be compensated through the receipt of fee income equivalent to a lower forward price.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with mortgage dollar rolls include: Counterparty Risk, Credit Risk and Interest Rate Risk.

Equity-Linked Notes

An equity-linked note (ELN) is a debt instrument whose value is based on the value of a single equity security, basket of equity securities or an index of equity securities (each, an Underlying Equity). An ELN typically provides interest income, thereby offering a yield advantage over investing directly in an Underlying Equity. The Fund may purchase ELNs that trade on a securities exchange or those that trade on the over-the-counter markets, including Rule 144A securities. The Fund may also purchase ELNs in a privately negotiated transaction with the issuer of the ELNs (or its broker-dealer affiliate). The Fund may or may not hold an ELN until its maturity.

Equity-linked securities also include issues such as Structured Yield Product Exchangeable for Stock (STRYPES), Trust Automatic Common Exchange Securities (TRACES), Trust Issued Mandatory Exchange Securities (TIMES) and Trust Enhanced Dividend Securities (TRENDS). The issuers of these equity-linked securities generally purchase and hold a portfolio of stripped U.S. Treasury securities maturing on a quarterly basis through the conversion date, and a forward purchase contract with an existing shareholder of the company relating to the common stock. Quarterly distributions on such equity-linked securities generally consist of the cash received from the U.S. Treasury securities and such equity-linked securities generally are not entitled to any dividends that may be declared on the common stock.

Eurodollar and Yankee Dollar and Related Derivatives Instruments

Eurodollar instruments are bonds that pay interest and principal in U.S. dollars held in banks outside the United States, primarily in Europe. Eurodollar instruments are usually issued on behalf of multinational companies and foreign governments by large underwriting groups composed of banks and issuing houses from many countries. Yankee Dollar instruments are U.S. dollar-denominated bonds issued in the United States by foreign banks and corporations. These investments involve risks that are different from investments in securities issued by U.S. issuers.

 

23


Eurodollar futures contracts enable purchasers to obtain a fixed rate for the lending of funds and sellers to obtain a fixed rate for borrowings. A Fund may use Eurodollar futures contracts and options thereon to hedge against changes in the LIBOR, to which many interest rate swaps and fixed income instruments are linked.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with Eurodollar and Yankee Dollar instruments include: Credit Risk, Foreign Securities Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Issuer Risk.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Because investments in foreign securities usually involve currencies of foreign countries and because a Fund may hold cash and cash equivalent investments in foreign currencies, the value of a Fund’s assets as measured in U.S. dollars may be affected favorably or unfavorably by changes in currency exchange rates and exchange control regulations. Also, a Fund may incur costs in connection with conversions between various currencies. Currency exchange rates may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time, causing a Fund’s NAV to fluctuate. Currency exchange rates are generally determined by the forces of supply and demand in the foreign exchange markets, actual or anticipated changes in interest rates, and other complex factors. Currency exchange rates also can be affected by the intervention of U.S. or foreign governments or central banks, or the failure to intervene, or by currency controls or political developments.

Spot Rates and Derivative Instruments. A Fund may conduct its foreign currency exchange transactions either at the spot (cash) rate prevailing in the foreign currency exchange market or by entering into forward foreign currency exchange contracts (forward contracts). (See Types of Investments -Derivatives.) These contracts are traded in the interbank market conducted directly between currency traders (usually large commercial banks) and their customers. Because foreign currency transactions occurring in the interbank market might involve substantially larger amounts than those involved in the use of such derivative instruments, a Fund could be disadvantaged by having to deal in the odd lot market for the underlying foreign currencies at prices that are less favorable than for round lots.

A Fund may enter into forward contracts for a variety of reasons, including for risk management (hedging) or for investment purposes.

When a Fund enters into a contract for the purchase or sale of a security denominated in a foreign currency or has been notified of a dividend or interest payment, it may desire to lock in the price of the security or the amount of the payment, usually in U.S. dollars, although it could desire to lock in the price of the security in another currency. By entering into a forward contract, a Fund would be able to protect itself against a possible loss resulting from an adverse change in the relationship between different currencies from the date the security is purchased or sold to the date on which payment is made or received or when the dividend or interest is actually received.

A Fund may enter into forward contracts when management of the Fund believes the currency of a particular foreign country may decline in value relative to another currency. When selling currencies forward in this fashion, a Fund may seek to hedge the value of foreign securities it holds against an adverse move in exchange rates. The precise matching of forward contract amounts and the value of securities involved generally will not be possible since the future value of securities in foreign currencies more than likely will change between the date the forward contract is entered into and the date it matures. The projection of short-term currency market movements is extremely difficult and successful execution of a short-term hedging strategy is highly uncertain.

This method of protecting the value of a Fund’s securities against a decline in the value of a currency does not eliminate fluctuations in the underlying prices of the securities. It simply establishes a rate of exchange that can be achieved at some point in time. Although forward contracts can be used to minimize the risk of loss due to a decline in value of hedged currency, they will also limit any potential gain that might result should the value of such currency increase.

A Fund may also enter into forward contracts when the Fund’s portfolio manager believes the currency of a particular country will increase in value relative to another currency. A Fund may buy currencies forward to gain exposure to a currency without incurring the additional costs of purchasing securities denominated in that currency.

For example, the combination of U.S. dollar-denominated instruments with long forward currency exchange contracts creates a position economically equivalent to a position in the foreign currency, in anticipation of an increase in the value of the foreign currency against the U.S. dollar. Conversely, the combination of U.S. dollar-denominated instruments with short forward currency exchange contracts is economically equivalent to borrowing the foreign currency for delivery at a specified date in the future, in anticipation of a decrease in the value of the foreign currency against the U.S. dollar.

This strategy may also be employed by other Funds. Unanticipated changes in the currency exchange results could result in poorer performance for Funds that enter into these types of transactions.

 

24


A Fund may designate cash or securities in an amount equal to the value of the Fund’s total assets committed to consummating forward contracts entered into under the circumstance set forth above. If the value of the securities declines, additional cash or securities will be designated on a daily basis so that the value of the cash or securities will equal the amount of the Fund’s commitments on such contracts.

At maturity of a forward contract, a Fund may either deliver (if a contract to sell) or take delivery of (if a contract to buy) the foreign currency or terminate its contractual obligation by entering into an offsetting contract with the same currency trader, having the same maturity date, and covering the same amount of foreign currency.

If a Fund engages in an offsetting transaction, it will incur a gain or loss to the extent there has been movement in forward contract prices. If a Fund engages in an offsetting transaction, it may subsequently enter into a new forward contract to buy or sell the foreign currency.

Although a Fund values its assets each business day in terms of U.S. dollars, it may not intend to convert its foreign currencies into U.S. dollars on a daily basis. However, it will do so from time to time, and such conversions involve certain currency conversion costs. Although foreign exchange dealers do not charge a fee for conversion, they do realize a profit based on the difference (spread) between the prices at which they buy and sell various currencies. Thus, a dealer may offer to sell a foreign currency to a Fund at one rate, while offering a lesser rate of exchange should a Fund desire to resell that currency to the dealer.

It is possible, under certain circumstances, including entering into forward currency contracts for investment purposes, that a Fund will be required to limit or restructure its forward contract currency transactions to qualify as a “regulated investment company” under the Internal Revenue Code.

Options on Foreign Currencies. A Fund may buy put and call options and write covered call and cash-secured put options on foreign currencies for hedging purposes and to gain exposure to foreign currencies. For example, a decline in the dollar value of a foreign currency in which securities are denominated will reduce the dollar value of such securities, even if their value in the foreign currency remains constant. In order to protect against the diminutions in the value of securities, a Fund may buy put options on the foreign currency. If the value of the currency does decline, a Fund would have the right to sell the currency for a fixed amount in dollars and would thereby offset, in whole or in part, the adverse effect on its portfolio that otherwise would have resulted.

Conversely, where a change in the dollar value of a currency would increase the cost of securities a Fund plans to buy, or where a Fund would benefit from increased exposure to the currency, a Fund may buy call options on the foreign currency, giving it the right to purchase the currency for a fixed amount in dollars. The purchase of the options could offset, at least partially, the changes in exchange rates.

As in the case of other types of options, however, the benefit to a Fund derived from purchases of foreign currency options would be reduced by the amount of the premium and related transaction costs. In addition, where currency exchange rates do not move in the direction or to the extent anticipated, a Fund could sustain losses on transactions in foreign currency options that would require it to forego a portion or all of the benefits of advantageous changes in rates.

A Fund may write options on foreign currencies for similar purposes. For example, when a Fund anticipates a decline in the dollar value of foreign-denominated securities due to adverse fluctuations in exchange rates, it could, instead of purchasing a put option, write a call option on the relevant currency, giving the option holder the right to purchase that currency from the Fund for a fixed amount in dollars. If the expected decline occurs, the option would most likely not be exercised and the diminution in value of securities would be offset, at least partially, by the amount of the premium received.

Similarly, instead of purchasing a call option when a foreign currency is expected to appreciate, a Fund could write a put option on the relevant currency, giving the option holder the right to that currency from the Fund for a fixed amount in dollars. If rates move in the manner projected, the put option would expire unexercised and allow the Fund to hedge increased cost up to the amount of the premium.

As in the case of other types of options, however, the writing of a foreign currency option will constitute only a partial hedge up to the amount of the premium, and only if rates move in the expected direction. If this does not occur, the option may be exercised and the Fund would be required to buy or sell the underlying currency at a loss that may not be offset by the amount of the premium. Through the writing of options on foreign currencies, the Fund also may be required to forego all or a portion of the benefits that might otherwise have been obtained from favorable movements on exchange rates.

An option written on foreign currencies is covered if a Fund holds currency sufficient to cover the option or has an absolute and immediate right to acquire that currency without additional cash consideration upon conversion of assets denominated in that currency or exchange of other currency held in its portfolio. An option writer could lose amounts substantially in excess of its initial investments, due to the margin and collateral requirements associated with such positions.

 

25


Options on foreign currencies are traded through financial institutions acting as market-makers, although foreign currency options also are traded on certain national securities exchanges, such as the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and the Chicago Board Options Exchange, subject to SEC regulation. In an over-the-counter trading environment, many of the protections afforded to exchange participants will not be available. For example, there are no daily price fluctuation limits, and adverse market movements could therefore continue to an unlimited extent over a period of time. Although the purchaser of an option cannot lose more than the amount of the premium plus related transaction costs, this entire amount could be lost.

Foreign currency option positions entered into on a national securities exchange are cleared and guaranteed by the OCC, thereby reducing the risk of counterparty default. Further, a liquid secondary market in options traded on a national securities exchange may be more readily available than in the over-the-counter market, potentially permitting a Fund to liquidate open positions at a profit prior to exercise or expiration, or to limit losses in the event of adverse market movements.

Foreign Currency Futures and Related Options. A Fund may enter into currency futures contracts to buy or sell currencies. It also may buy put and call options and write covered call and cash-secured put options on currency futures. Currency futures contracts are similar to currency forward contracts, except that they are traded on exchanges (and have margin requirements) and are standardized as to contract size and delivery date. Most currency futures call for payment of delivery in U.S. dollars. A Fund may use currency futures for the same purposes as currency forward contracts, subject to CFTC limitations.

Currency futures and options on futures values can be expected to correlate with exchange rates, but will not reflect other factors that may affect the value of the Fund’s investments. A currency hedge, for example, should protect a Yen-denominated bond against a decline in the Yen, but will not protect a Fund against price decline if the issuer’s creditworthiness deteriorates. Because the value of a Fund’s investments denominated in foreign currency will change in response to many factors other than exchange rates, it may not be possible to match the amount of a forward contract to the value of a Fund’s investments denominated in that currency over time.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with foreign currency transactions include: Derivatives Risk, Interest Rate Risk, and Liquidity Risk.

Foreign Securities

Foreign securities include debt, equity and derivative securities that a Fund’s portfolio manager, as the case may be, determines are “foreign” based on the consideration of an issuer’s domicile, its principal place of business, its primary stock exchange listing, the source of its revenue or other factors. A Fund’s investments in foreign markets, may include issuers in emerging markets, as well as frontier markets, each of which carry heightened risks as compared with investments in other typical foreign markets. Frontier market countries generally have smaller economies and even less developed capital markets than typical emerging market countries (which themselves have increased investment risk relative to investing in more developed markets) and, as a result, the risks of investing in emerging market countries are magnified in frontier market countries. Foreign securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Due to the potential for foreign withholding taxes, MSCI publishes two versions of its indices reflecting the reinvestment of dividends using two different methodologies: gross dividends and net dividends. While both versions reflect reinvested dividends, they differ with respect to the manner in which taxes associated with dividend payments are treated. In calculating the net dividends version, MSCI incorporates reinvested dividends applying the withholding tax rate applicable to foreign non-resident institutional investors that do not benefit from double taxation treaties. The Investment Manager believes that the net dividends version of MSCI indices better reflects the returns U.S. investors might expect were they to invest directly in the component securities of an MSCI index.

There is a practice in certain foreign markets under which an issuer’s securities are blocked from trading at the custodian or sub-custodian level for a specified number of days before and, in certain instances, after a shareholder meeting where such shares are voted. This is referred to as “share blocking”. The blocking period can last up to several weeks. Share blocking may prevent a Fund from buying or selling securities during this period, because during the time shares are blocked, trades in such securities will not settle. It may be difficult or impossible to lift blocking restrictions, with the particular requirements varying widely by country. As a consequence of these restrictions, the Investment Manager, on behalf of a Fund, may abstain from voting proxies in markets that require share blocking.

 

26


Foreign securities may include depositary receipts, such as American Depositary Receipts (ADRs), European Depositary Receipts (EDRs) and Global Depositary Receipts (GDRs). ADRs are U.S. dollar-denominated receipts issued in registered form by a domestic bank or trust company that evidence ownership of underlying securities issued by a foreign issuer. EDRs are foreign currency-denominated receipts issued in Europe, typically by foreign banks or trust companies and foreign branches of domestic banks, that evidence ownership of foreign or domestic securities. GDRs are receipts structured similarly to ADRs and EDRs and are marketed globally. Depositary receipts will not necessarily be denominated in the same currency as their underlying securities. In general, ADRs, in registered form, are designed for use in the U.S. securities markets, and EDRs, in bearer form, are designed for use in European securities markets. GDRs are tradable both in the United States and in Europe and are designed for use throughout the world. A Fund may invest in depositary receipts through “sponsored” or “unsponsored” facilities. A sponsored facility is established jointly by the issuer of the underlying security and a depositary, whereas a depositary may establish an unsponsored facility without participation by the issuer of the deposited security. Holders of unsponsored depositary receipts generally bear all the costs of such facilities and the depositary of an unsponsored facility frequently is under no obligation to distribute interest holder communications received from the issuer of the deposited security or to pass through voting rights to the holders of such receipts in respect of the deposited securities. The issuers of unsponsored depositary receipts are not obligated to disclose material information in the United States, and, therefore, there may be limited information available regarding such issuers and/or limited correlation between available information and the market value of the depositary receipts.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with foreign securities include: Emerging Markets Securities Risk, Foreign Currency Risk, Foreign Securities Risk, Frontier Market Risk, Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Guaranteed Investment Contracts (Funding Agreements)

Guaranteed investment contracts, or funding agreements, are short-term, privately placed debt instruments issued by insurance companies. Pursuant to such contracts, a Fund may make cash contributions to a deposit fund of the insurance company’s general account. The insurance company then credits to a Fund payments at negotiated, floating or fixed interest rates. A Fund will purchase guaranteed investment contracts only from issuers that, at the time of purchase, meet certain credit and quality standards. In general, guaranteed investment contracts are not assignable or transferable without the permission of the issuing insurance companies, and an active secondary market does not exist for these investments. In addition, the issuer may not be able to pay the principal amount to a Fund on seven days’ notice or less, at which time the investment may be considered illiquid under applicable SEC regulatory guidance and subject to certain restrictions. See Types of Investments – Illiquid Securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with guaranteed investment contracts (funding agreements) include: Credit Risk and Liquidity Risk.

Illiquid Securities

Illiquid securities are defined by a Fund consistent with the SEC staff’s current guidance and interpretations which provide that an illiquid security is an asset which may not be sold or disposed of in the ordinary course of business within seven days at approximately the value at which a Fund has valued the investment on its books. Some securities, such as those not registered under U.S. securities laws, cannot be sold in public transactions. Some securities are deemed to be illiquid because they are subject to contractual or legal restrictions on resale. Subject to its investment policies, a Fund may invest in illiquid investments and may invest in certain restricted securities that are deemed to be illiquid securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risk typically associated with illiquid securities include: Liquidity Risk.

Initial Public Offerings

A Fund may invest in initial public offerings (IPOs) of common stock or other primary or secondary syndicated offerings of equity or debt securities issued by a corporate issuer. Fixed income funds frequently invest in these types of offerings of debt securities. A purchase of IPO securities often involves higher transaction costs than those associated with the purchase of securities already traded on exchanges or markets. A Fund may hold IPO securities for a period of time, or may sell them soon after the purchase. Investments in IPOs could have a magnified impact – either positive or negative – on a Fund’s performance while the Fund’s assets are relatively small. The impact of an IPO on a Fund’s performance may tend to diminish as the Fund’s assets grow. In circumstances when investments in IPOs make a significant contribution to a Fund’s performance, there can be no assurance that similar contributions from IPOs will continue in the future.

Although one or more risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with IPOs include: Initial Public Offering (IPO) Risk, Issuer risk, Liquidity Risk, Market Risk and Small Company Securities Risk.

Inflation Protected Securities

Inflation is a general rise in prices of goods and services. Inflation erodes the purchasing power of an investor’s assets. For example, if an investment provides a total return of 7% in a given year and inflation is 3% during that period, the inflation-adjusted, or real, return

 

27


is 4%. Inflation-protected securities are debt securities whose principal and/or interest payments are adjusted for inflation, unlike debt securities that make fixed principal and interest payments. One type of inflation-protected debt security is issued by the U.S. Treasury. The principal of these securities is adjusted for inflation as indicated by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for urban consumers and interest is paid on the adjusted amount. The CPI is a measurement of changes in the cost of living, made up of components such as housing, food, transportation and energy.

If the CPI falls, the principal value of inflation-protected securities will be adjusted downward, and consequently the interest payable on these securities (calculated with respect to a smaller principal amount) will be reduced. Conversely, if the CPI rises, the principal value of inflation-protected securities will be adjusted upward, and consequently the interest payable on these securities will be increased. Repayment of the original bond principal upon maturity is guaranteed in the case of U.S. Treasury inflation-protected securities, even during a period of deflation. However, the current market value of the inflation-protected securities is not guaranteed and will fluctuate. Other inflation-indexed securities include inflation-related bonds, which may or may not provide a similar guarantee. If a guarantee of principal is not provided, the adjusted principal value of the bond repaid at maturity may be less than the original principal.

Other issuers of inflation-protected debt securities include other U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities, corporations and foreign governments. There can be no assurance that the CPI or any foreign inflation index will accurately measure the real rate of inflation in the prices of goods and services. Moreover, there can be no assurance that the rate of inflation in a foreign country will be correlated to the rate of inflation in the United States. If interest rates rise due to reasons other than inflation (for example, due to changes in currency exchange rates), investors in these securities may not be protected to the extent that the increase is not reflected in the bond’s inflation measure.

Any increase in principal for an inflation-protected security resulting from inflation adjustments is considered by IRS regulations to be taxable income in the year it occurs. For direct holders of an inflation-protected security, this means that taxes must be paid on principal adjustments even though these amounts are not received until the bond matures. Similarly, a Fund holding these securities distributes both interest income and the income attributable to principal adjustments in the form of cash or reinvested shares, which are taxable to shareholders.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with inflation-protected securities include: Inflation Protected Securities Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Market Risk. In addition, inflation protected securities issued by non-U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities are subject to Credit Risk.

Investments in Other Investment Companies (Including ETFs)

Investing in other investment companies may be a means by which a Fund seeks to achieve its investment objective. A Fund may invest in securities issued by other investment companies within the limits prescribed by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any exemptive orders currently or in the future obtained by a Fund from the SEC. These securities include shares of other open-end investment companies (i.e., mutual funds), closed-end funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and business development companies.

Except with respect to funds structured as funds-of-funds or so-called master/feeder funds, the 1940 Act generally requires that a fund limit its investments in another investment company or series thereof so that, as determined at the time a securities purchase is made: (i) no more than 5% of the value of its total assets will be invested in the securities of any one investment company; (ii) no more than 10% of the value of its total assets will be invested in the aggregate in securities of other investment companies; and (iii) no more than 3% of the outstanding voting stock of any one investment company or series thereof will be owned by a fund or by companies controlled by a fund. Such other investment companies may include ETFs, which are shares of publicly traded unit investment trusts, open-end funds or depositary receipts that may be passively managed (e.g., they seek to track the performance of specific indexes or companies in related industries) or they may be actively managed. The SEC has granted orders for exemptive relief to certain ETFs that permit investments in those ETFs by other investment companies in excess of these limits.

ETFs are listed on an exchange and trade in the secondary market on a per-share basis, which allows investors to purchase and sell ETF shares at their market price throughout the day. Certain ETFs, such as passively managed ETFs, hold portfolios of securities that are designed to replicate, as closely as possible before expenses, the price and yield of a specified market index. The performance results of these ETFs will not replicate exactly the performance of the pertinent index due to transaction and other expenses, including fees to service providers borne by ETFs. ETF shares are sold and redeemed at net asset value only in large blocks called creation units and redemption units, respectively. The Funds’ ability to redeem redemption units may be limited by the 1940 Act, which provides that ETFs will not be obligated to redeem shares held by the funds in an amount exceeding one percent of their total outstanding securities during any period of less than 30 days.

 

28


Although a Fund may derive certain advantages from being able to invest in shares of other investment companies, such as to be fully invested, there may be potential disadvantages. Investing in other investment companies may result in higher fees and expenses for a Fund and its shareholders. A shareholder may be charged fees not only on Fund shares held directly but also on the investment company shares that a Fund purchases. Because these investment companies may invest in other securities, they are also subject to the risks associated with a variety of investment instruments as described in this SAI.

Under the 1940 Act and rules and regulations thereunder, a Fund may purchase shares of affiliated funds, subject to certain conditions. Investing in affiliated funds may present certain actual or potential conflicts of interest. For more information about such actual and potential conflicts of interest, see Investment Advisory and Other Services – Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with the securities of other investment companies include: Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) Risk, Investing in Other Funds Risk, Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Low and Below Investment Grade (High Yield) Securities

Low and below investment grade securities (below investment grade securities are also known as “junk bonds”) are debt securities with the lowest investment grade rating (e.g., BBB by S&P and Fitch or Baa by Moody’s), that are below investment grade (e.g., lower than BBB by S&P and Fitch or Baa by Moody’s) or that are unrated but determined by a Fund’s portfolio manager to be of comparable quality. These types of securities may be issued to fund corporate transactions or restructurings, such as leveraged buyouts, mergers, acquisitions, debt reclassifications or similar events, are more speculative in nature than securities with higher ratings and tend to be more sensitive to credit risk, particularly during a downturn in the economy. These types of securities generally are issued by unseasoned companies without long track records of sales and earnings, or by companies or municipalities that have questionable credit strength. Low and below investment grade securities and comparable unrated securities: (i) likely will have some quality and protective characteristics that, in the judgment of one or more NRSROs, are outweighed by large uncertainties or major risk exposures to adverse conditions; (ii) are speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the obligation; and (iii) may have a less liquid secondary market, potentially making it difficult to value or sell such securities. Credit ratings issued by credit rating agencies are designed to evaluate the safety of principal and interest payments of rated securities. They do not, however, evaluate the market value risk of lower-quality securities and, therefore, may not fully reflect the true risks of an investment. In addition, credit rating agencies may or may not make timely changes in a rating to reflect changes in the economy or in the condition of the issuer that affect the market value of the securities. Consequently, credit ratings are used only as a preliminary indicator of investment quality. Low and below investment grade securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

The rates of return on these types of securities generally are higher than the rates of return available on more highly rated securities, but generally involve greater volatility of price and risk of loss of principal and income, including the possibility of default by or insolvency of the issuers of such securities. Accordingly, a Fund may be more dependent on the Investment Manager’s or a subadviser’s credit analysis with respect to these types of securities than is the case for more highly rated securities.

The market values of certain low and below investment grade securities and comparable unrated securities tend to be more sensitive to individual corporate developments and changes in economic conditions than are the market values of more highly rated securities. In addition, issuers of low and below investment grade and comparable unrated securities often are highly leveraged and may not have more traditional methods of financing available to them, so that their ability to service their debt obligations during an economic downturn or during sustained periods of rising interest rates may be impaired.

The risk of loss due to default is greater for low and below investment grade and comparable unrated securities than it is for higher rated securities because low and below investment grade securities and comparable unrated securities generally are unsecured and frequently are subordinated to more senior indebtedness. A Fund may incur additional expenses to the extent that it is required to seek recovery upon a default in the payment of principal or interest on its holdings of such securities. The existence of limited markets for lower-rated debt securities may diminish a Fund’s ability to: (i) obtain accurate market quotations for purposes of valuing such securities and calculating portfolio net asset value; and (ii) sell the securities at fair market value either to meet redemption requests or to respond to changes in the economy or in financial markets.

 

29


Many lower-rated securities are not registered for offer and sale to the public under the 1933 Act. Investments in these restricted securities may be determined to be liquid (able to be sold within seven days at approximately the price at which they are valued by a Fund) pursuant to policies approved by the Fund’s Trustees. Investments in illiquid securities, including restricted securities that have not been determined to be liquid, may not exceed 15% of a Fund’s net assets. A Fund is not otherwise subject to any limitation on its ability to invest in restricted securities. Restricted securities may be less liquid than other lower-rated securities, potentially making it difficult to value or sell such securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with low and below investment grade securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Low and Below Investment Grade (High Yield) Securities Risk and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

Money Market Instruments

Money market instruments include cash equivalents and short-term debt obligations which include: (i) bank obligations, including certificates of deposit (CDs), time deposits and bankers’ acceptances, and letters of credit of banks or savings and loan associations having capital surplus and undivided profits (as of the date of its most recently published annual financial statements) in excess of $100 million (or the equivalent in the instance of a foreign branch of a U.S. bank) at the date of investment; (ii) funding agreements; (iii) repurchase agreements; (iv) obligations of the United States, foreign countries and supranational entities, and each of their subdivisions, agencies and instrumentalities; (v) certain corporate debt securities, such as commercial paper, short-term corporate obligations and extendible commercial notes; (vi) participation interests; and (vii) municipal securities. Money market instruments may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations and may be privately placed or publicly offered. A Fund may also invest in affiliated and unaffiliated money market mutual funds, which invests primarily in money market instruments. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

With respect to money market securities, certain U.S. Government obligations are backed or insured by the U.S. Government, its agencies or its instrumentalities. Other money market securities are backed only by the claims paying ability or creditworthiness of the issuer.

Bankers’ acceptances are marketable short-term credit instruments used to finance the import, export, transfer or storage of goods. They are termed “accepted” when a bank unconditionally guarantees their payment at maturity.

A Fund may invest its daily cash balance in Columbia Short-Term Cash Fund, a money market fund established for the exclusive use of the funds in the Columbia Fund Family and other institutional clients of the Investment Manager.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with money market instruments include: Credit Risk, Inflation Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, and Money Market Fund Risk.

Mortgage-Backed Securities

Mortgage-backed securities are a type of asset-backed security that represent interests in, or debt instruments backed by, pools of underlying mortgages. In some cases, these underlying mortgages may be insured or guaranteed by the U.S. Government or its agencies. Mortgage-backed securities entitle the security holders to receive distributions that are tied to the payments made on the underlying mortgage collateral (less fees paid to the originator, servicer, or other parties, and fees paid for credit enhancement), so that the payments made on the underlying mortgage collateral effectively pass through to such security holders. Mortgage-backed securities are created when mortgage originators (or mortgage loan sellers who have purchased mortgage loans from mortgage loan originators) sell the underlying mortgages to a special purpose entity in a process called a securitization. The special purpose entity issues securities that are backed by the payments on the underlying mortgage loans, and have a minimum denomination and specific term. Mortgage-backed securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Mortgage-backed securities may be issued or guaranteed by GNMA (also known as Ginnie Mae), FNMA (also known as Fannie Mae), or FHLMC (also known as Freddie Mac), but also may be issued or guaranteed by other issuers, including private companies. GNMA is a government-owned corporation that is an agency of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. It guarantees, with the full faith and credit of the United States, full and timely payment of all monthly principal and interest on its mortgage-backed securities. Until recently, FNMA and FHLMC were government-sponsored corporations owned entirely by private stockholders. Both issue mortgage-related securities that contain guarantees as to timely payment of interest and principal but that are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. The value of the companies’ securities fell sharply in 2008 due to concerns that the firms did not have sufficient capital to offset losses. The U.S. Treasury has historically had the authority to purchase obligations of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In addition, in 2008, due to capitalization concerns, Congress provided the U.S. Treasury with additional authority to lend Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac emergency funds and to purchase the companies’ stock, as described below. In September 2008, the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac had been placed in conservatorship.

 

30


Since 2009, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have received significant capital support through U.S. Treasury preferred stock purchases and Federal Reserve purchases of their mortgage-backed securities. While the Federal Reserve’s purchases have terminated, the U.S. Treasury announced in December 2009 that it would continue its support for the entities’ capital as necessary to prevent a negative net worth through at least 2012. While the U.S. Treasury is committed to offset negative equity at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac through its preferred stock purchases through 2012, there can be no assurance that the Federal Reserve, U.S. Treasury, or FHFA initiatives discussed above will ensure that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will remain successful in meeting their obligations with respect to the debt and mortgage-backed securities they issue beyond that date. In addition, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac also are the subject of several continuing class action lawsuits and investigations by federal regulators over certain accounting, disclosure or corporate governance matters, which (along with any resulting financial restatements) may adversely affect the guaranteeing entities. Importantly, the future of the entities is in serious question as the U.S. Government reportedly is considering multiple options, ranging from nationalization, privatization, consolidation, or abolishment of the entities.

Stripped mortgage-backed securities are a type of mortgage-backed security that receives differing proportions of the interest and principal payments from the underlying assets. Generally, there are two classes of stripped mortgage-backed securities: Interest Only (IO) and Principal Only (PO). IOs entitle the holder to receive distributions consisting of all or a portion of the interest on the underlying pool of mortgage loans or mortgage-backed securities. POs entitle the holder to receive distributions consisting of all or a portion of the principal of the underlying pool of mortgage loans or mortgage-backed securities. See Types of Investments – Stripped Securities for more information.

Collateralized Mortgage Obligations (CMOs) are hybrid mortgage-related instruments issued by special purpose entities secured by pools of mortgage loans or other mortgage-related securities, such as mortgage pass-through securities or stripped mortgage-backed securities. CMOs may be structured into multiple classes, often referred to as “tranches,” with each class bearing a different stated maturity and entitled to a different schedule for payments of principal and interest, including prepayments. Principal prepayments on collateral underlying a CMO may cause it to be retired substantially earlier than its stated maturity or final distribution dates, resulting in a loss of all or part of the premium if any has been paid. The yield characteristics of mortgage-backed securities differ from those of other debt securities. Among the differences are that interest and principal payments are made more frequently on mortgage-backed securities, usually monthly, and principal may be repaid at any time. These factors may reduce the expected yield. Interest is paid or accrues on all classes of the CMOs on a periodic basis. The principal and interest payments on the underlying mortgage assets may be allocated among the various classes of CMOs in several ways. Typically, payments of principal, including any prepayments, on the underlying mortgage assets are applied to the classes in the order of their respective stated maturities or final distribution dates, so that no payment of principal is made on CMOs of a class until all CMOs of other classes having earlier stated maturities or final distribution dates have been paid in full.

Commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) are a specific type of mortgage-backed security collateralized by a pool of mortgages on commercial real estate.

CMO Residuals are mortgage securities issued by agencies or instrumentalities of the U.S. Government or by private originators of, or investors in, mortgage loans, including savings and loan associations, homebuilders, mortgage banks, commercial banks, investment banks and special purpose entities of the foregoing. The cash flow generated by the mortgage assets underlying a series of CMOs is applied first to make required payments of principal and interest on the CMOs and second to pay the related administrative expenses and any management fee of the issuer. The residual in a CMO structure generally represents the interest in any excess cash flow remaining after making the foregoing payments. Each payment of such excess cash flow to a holder of the related CMO residual represents income and/or a return of capital. The amount of residual cash flow resulting from a CMO will depend on, among other things, the characteristics of the mortgage assets, the coupon rate of each class of CMO, prevailing interest rates, the amount of administrative expenses and the pre-payment experience on the mortgage assets. In particular, the yield to maturity on CMO residuals is extremely sensitive to pre-payments on the related underlying mortgage assets, in the same manner as an interest-only (“IO”) class of stripped mortgage-backed securities. In addition, if a series of a CMO includes a class that bears interest at an adjustable rate, the yield to maturity on the related CMO residual will also be extremely sensitive to changes in the level of the index upon which interest rate adjustments are based. As described below with respect to stripped mortgage-backed securities, in certain circumstances an ETF may fail to recoup fully its initial investment in a CMO residual. CMO residuals are generally purchased and sold by institutional investors through several investment banking firms acting as brokers or dealers. Transactions in CMO residuals are generally completed only after careful review of the characteristics of the securities in question. In addition, CMO residuals may, or pursuant to an exemption therefrom, may not have been registered under the 1933 Act. CMO residuals, whether or not registered under the 1933 Act, may be subject to certain restrictions on transferability, and may be deemed “illiquid” and subject to a Fund’s limitations on investment in illiquid securities.

 

31


Mortgage Pass-Through Securities Interests in pools of mortgage-related securities differ from other forms of debt securities, which normally provide for periodic payment of interest in fixed amounts with principal payments at maturity or specified call dates. Instead, these securities provide a monthly payment which consists of both interest and principal payments. In effect, these payments are a “pass-through” of the monthly payments made by the individual borrowers on their residential or commercial mortgage loans, net of any fees paid to the issuer or guarantor of such securities. Additional payments are caused by repayments of principal resulting from the sale of the underlying property, refinancing or foreclosure, net of fees or costs which may be incurred. Some mortgage-related securities (such as securities issued by the GNMA) are described as “modified pass-through.” These securities entitle the holder to receive all interest and principal payments owed on the mortgage pool, net of certain fees, at the scheduled payment dates regardless of whether or not the mortgagor actually makes the payment.

REMICs are entities that own mortgages and elect REMIC status under the Code and, like CMOs, issue debt obligations collateralized by underlying mortgage assets that have characteristics similar to those issued by CMOs.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with mortgage and asset-backed securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Liquidity Risk, Mortgage-Backed and Other Asset Backed Securities Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk and Reinvestment Risk.

Municipal Securities

Municipal securities include debt obligations issued by governmental entities to obtain funds for various public purposes, including the construction of a wide range of public facilities, the refunding of outstanding obligations, the payment of general operating expenses, and the extension of loans to public institutions and facilities.

Municipal securities may include municipal bonds, municipal notes and municipal leases, which are described below. Municipal bonds are debt obligations of a governmental entity that obligate the municipality to pay the holder a specified sum of money at specified intervals and to repay the principal amount of the loan at maturity. Municipal securities can be classified into two principal categories, including “general obligation” bonds and other securities and “revenue” bonds and other securities. General obligation bonds are secured by the issuer’s full faith, credit and taxing power for the payment of principal and interest. Revenue securities are payable only from the revenues derived from a particular facility or class of facilities or, in some cases, from the proceeds of a special excise tax or other specific revenue source, such as the user of the facility being financed. Municipal securities also may include “moral obligation” securities, which normally are issued by special purpose public authorities. If the issuer of moral obligation securities is unable to meet its debt service obligations from current revenues, it may draw on a reserve fund, the restoration of which is a moral commitment but not a legal obligation of the governmental entity that created the special purpose public authority. Municipal securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments –Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Municipal notes may be issued by governmental entities and other tax-exempt issuers in order to finance short-term cash needs or, occasionally, to finance construction. Most municipal notes are general obligations of the issuing entity payable from taxes or designated revenues expected to be received within the relevant fiscal period. Municipal notes generally have maturities of one year or less. Municipal notes can be subdivided into two sub-categories: (i) municipal commercial paper and (ii) municipal demand obligations.

Municipal commercial paper typically consists of very short-term unsecured negotiable promissory notes that are sold, for example, to meet seasonal working capital or interim construction financing needs of a governmental entity or agency. While these obligations are intended to be paid from general revenues or refinanced with long-term debt, they frequently are backed by letters of credit, lending agreements, note repurchase agreements or other credit facility agreements offered by banks or institutions. See Types of Investments – Commercial Paper for more information.

Municipal demand obligations can be subdivided into two general types: variable rate demand notes and master demand obligations. Variable rate demand notes are tax-exempt municipal obligations or participation interests that provide for a periodic adjustment in the interest rate paid on the notes. They permit the holder to demand payment of the notes, or to demand purchase of the notes at a purchase price equal to the unpaid principal balance, plus accrued interest either directly by the issuer or by drawing on a bank letter of credit or guaranty issued with respect to such note. The issuer of the municipal obligation may have a corresponding right to prepay at its discretion the outstanding principal of the note plus accrued interest upon notice comparable to that required for the holder to demand payment. The variable rate demand notes in which a Fund may invest are payable, or are subject to purchase, on demand, usually on notice of seven calendar days or less. The terms of the notes generally provide that interest rates are adjustable at intervals ranging from daily to six months.

 

32


Master demand obligations are tax-exempt municipal obligations that provide for a periodic adjustment in the interest rate paid and permit daily changes in the amount borrowed. The interest on such obligations is, in the opinion of counsel for the borrower, excluded from gross income for federal income tax purposes (but not necessarily for alternative minimum tax purposes). Although there is no secondary market for master demand obligations, such obligations are considered by a Fund to be liquid because they are payable upon demand.

Municipal lease obligations are participations in privately arranged loans to state or local government borrowers and may take the form of a lease, an installment purchase, or a conditional sales contract. They are issued by state and local governments and authorities to acquire land, equipment, and facilities. An investor may purchase these obligations directly, or it may purchase participation interests in such obligations. In general, municipal lease obligations are unrated, in which case they will be determined by a Fund’s Portfolio Manager to be of comparable quality at the time of purchase to rated instruments that may be acquired by a Fund. Frequently, privately arranged loans have variable interest rates and may be backed by a bank letter of credit. In other cases, they may be unsecured or may be secured by assets not easily liquidated. Moreover, such loans in most cases are not backed by the taxing authority of the issuers and may have limited marketability or may be marketable only by virtue of a provision requiring repayment following demand by the lender.

Municipal leases may be subject to greater risks than general obligation or revenue bonds. State constitutions and statutes set forth requirements that states or municipalities must meet in order to issue municipal obligations. Municipal leases may contain a covenant by the state or municipality to budget for and make payments due under the obligation. Certain municipal leases may, however, provide that the issuer is not obligated to make payments on the obligation in future years unless funds have been appropriated for this purpose each year.

Although lease obligations do not constitute general obligations of the municipal issuer to which the government’s taxing power is pledged, a lease obligation ordinarily is backed by the government’s covenant to budget for, appropriate, and make the payments due under the lease obligation. However, certain lease obligations contain “non-appropriation” clauses that provide that the government has no obligation to make lease or installment purchase payments in future years unless money is appropriated for such purpose on a periodic basis. In the case of a “non-appropriation” lease, a Fund’s ability to recover under the lease in the event of non-appropriation or default likely will be limited to the repossession of the leased property in the event that foreclosure proves difficult.

Tender option bonds are municipal securities having relatively long maturities and bearing interest at a fixed interest rate substantially higher than prevailing short-term tax-exempt rates that is coupled with the agreement of a third party, such as a bank, broker-dealer or other financial institution, to grant the security holders the option, at periodic intervals, to tender their securities to the institution and receive the face value thereof. The financial institution receives periodic fees equal to the difference between the municipal security’s coupon rate and the rate that would cause the security to trade at face value on the date of determination.

There are variations in the quality of municipal securities, both within a particular classification and between classifications, and the rates of return on municipal securities can depend on a variety of factors, including general money market conditions, the financial condition of the issuer, general conditions of the municipal bond market, the size of a particular offering, the maturity of the obligation, and the rating of the issue. The ratings of NRSROs represent their opinions as to the quality of municipal securities. It should be emphasized, however, that these ratings are general and are not absolute standards of quality, and municipal securities with the same maturity, interest rate, and rating may have different rates of return while municipal securities of the same maturity and interest rate with different ratings may have the same rate of return. The municipal bond market is characterized by a large number of different issuers, many having smaller sized bond issues, and a wide choice of different maturities within each issue. For these reasons, most municipal bonds do not trade on a daily basis and many trade only rarely. Because many of these bonds trade infrequently, the spread between the bid and offer may be wider and the time needed to develop a bid or an offer may be longer than for other security markets. See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings. (See Types of Investments - Debt Obligations.)

Standby Commitments. Standby commitments are securities under which a purchaser, usually a bank or broker-dealer, agrees to purchase, for a fee, an amount of a Fund’s municipal obligations. The amount payable by a bank or broker-dealer to purchase securities subject to a standby commitment typically will be substantially the same as the value of the underlying municipal securities. A Fund may pay for standby commitments either separately in cash or by paying a higher price for portfolio securities that are acquired subject to such a commitment.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with standby commitments include: Counterparty Risk, Market Risk and Municipal Securities Risk.

Taxable Municipal Obligations. Interest or other investment return is subject to federal income tax for certain types of municipal obligations for a variety of reasons. These municipal obligations do not qualify for the federal income tax exemption because (a) they did not receive necessary authorization for tax-exempt treatment from state or local government authorities, (b) they exceed certain

 

33


regulatory limitations on the cost of issuance for tax-exempt financing or (c) they finance public or private activities that do not qualify for the federal income tax exemption. These non-qualifying activities might include, for example, certain types of multi-family housing, certain professional and local sports facilities, refinancing of certain municipal debt, and borrowing to replenish a municipality’s underfunded pension plan.

For more information about the key risks associated with investments in states, see Appendix D. See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings. (See Types of Investments - Debt Obligations.)

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with municipal securities include: Credit Risk, Inflation Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Market Risk, Municipal Securities Risk and Municipal Securities Risk/Health Care Sector Risk.

Participation Interests. Participation interests (also called pass-through certificates or securities) represent an interest in a pool of debt obligations, such as municipal bonds or notes that have been “packaged” by an intermediary, such as a bank or broker-dealer. Participation interests typically are issued by partnerships or trusts through which a Fund receives principal and interest payments that are passed through to the holder of the participation interest from the payments made on the underlying debt obligations. The purchaser of a participation interest receives an undivided interest in the underlying debt obligations. The issuers of the underlying debt obligations make interest and principal payments to the intermediary, as an initial purchaser, which are passed through to purchasers in the secondary market, such as a Fund. Mortgage-backed securities are a common type of participation interest. Participation interests may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations or as zero-coupon, pay-in- kind and step-coupon securities and may be privately placed or publicly offered. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations, Types of Investments – Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities and Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Loan participations also are a type of participation interest. Loans, loan participations, and interests in securitized loan pools are interests in amounts owed by a corporate, governmental, or other borrower to a lender or consortium of lenders (typically banks, insurance companies, investment banks, government agencies, or international agencies).

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with loan participations include: Credit Risk and Interest Rate Risk.

Partnership Securities

The Fund may invest in securities issued by publicly traded partnerships or master limited partnerships or limited liability companies (together referred to as “PTPs/MLPs”). These entities are limited partnerships or limited liability companies that may be publicly traded on stock exchanges or markets such as the NYSE, the NYSE Alternext US LLC (“NYSE Alternext”) (formerly the American Stock Exchange) and NASDAQ. PTPs/MLPs often own businesses or properties relating to energy, natural resources or real estate, or may be involved in the film industry or research and development activities. Generally PTPs/MLPs are operated under the supervision of one or more managing partners or members. Limited partners, unit holders, or members (such as a fund that invests in a partnership) are not involved in the day-to-day management of the company. Limited partners, unit holders, or members are allocated income and capital gains associated with the partnership project in accordance with the terms of the partnership or limited liability company agreement.

At times PTPs/MLPs may potentially offer relatively high yields compared to common stocks. Because PTPs/MLPs are generally treated as partnerships or similar limited liability “pass-through” entities for tax purposes, they do not ordinarily pay income taxes, but pass their earnings on to unit holders (except in the case of some publicly traded firms that may be taxed as corporations). For tax purposes, unit holders may initially be deemed to receive only a portion of the distributions attributed to them because certain other portions may be attributed to the repayment of initial investments and may thereby lower the cost basis of the units or shares owned by unit holders. As a result, unit holders may effectively defer taxation on the receipt of some distributions until they sell their units. These tax consequences may differ for different types of entities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with partnership securities include: Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Liquidity Risk and Market Risk.

Preferred Stock

Preferred stock represents units of ownership of a corporation that frequently have dividends that are set at a specified rate. Preferred stock has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets. Preferred stock shares some of the characteristics of both debt and equity. Preferred stock ordinarily does not carry voting rights. Most preferred stock is cumulative; if dividends are passed (i.e., not paid for any reason), they accumulate and must be paid before common stock dividends. Participating preferred stock entitles its holders to share in profits above and beyond the declared dividend, along with common shareholders, as

 

34


distinguished from nonparticipating preferred stock, which is limited to the stipulated dividend. Convertible preferred stock is exchangeable for a given number of shares of common stock and thus tends to be more volatile than nonconvertible preferred stock, which generally behaves more like a fixed income bond. Preferred stock may be privately placed or publicly offered. The price of a preferred stock is generally determined by earnings, type of products or services, projected growth rates, experience of management, liquidity, and general market conditions of the markets on which the stock trades. See Types of Investments – Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities for more information.

Auction preferred stock (APS) is a type of adjustable-rate preferred stock with a dividend determined periodically in a Dutch auction process by corporate bidders. An APS is distinguished from standard preferred stock because its dividends change from time to time. Shares typically are bought and sold at face values generally ranging from $100,000 to $500,000 per share.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with preferred stock include: Convertible Securities Risk, Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Private Placement and Other Restricted Securities

Private placement securities are securities that have been privately placed and are not registered under the 1933 Act. They are eligible for sale only to certain eligible investors. Private placements often may offer attractive opportunities for investment not otherwise available on the open market. Private placement and other “restricted” securities often cannot be sold to the public without registration under the 1933 Act or the availability of an exemption from registration (such as Rules 144 or 144A), or they are “not readily marketable” because they are subject to other legal or contractual delays in or restrictions on resale. Asset-backed securities, common stock, convertible securities, corporate debt securities, foreign securities, low and below investment grade securities, money market instruments, mortgage-backed securities, municipal securities, participation interests, preferred stock and other types of equity and debt instruments may be privately placed or restricted securities.

Private placements typically may be sold only to qualified institutional buyers (or, in the case of the initial sale of certain securities, such as those issued in collateralized debt obligations or collateralized loan obligations, to accredited investors (as defined in Rule 501(a) under the 1933 Act), or in a privately negotiated transaction or to a limited number of purchasers, or in limited quantities after they have been held for a specified period of time and other conditions are met pursuant to an exemption from registration.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with private placement and other restricted securities include: Issuer Risk, Liquidity Risk and Market Risk

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Real estate investment trusts (REITs) are pooled investment vehicles that manage a portfolio of real estate or real estate related loans to earn profits for their shareholders. REITs are generally classified as equity REITs, mortgage REITs or a combination of equity and mortgage REITs. Equity REITs invest the majority of their assets directly in real property, such as shopping centers, nursing homes, office buildings, apartment complexes, and hotels, and derive income primarily from the collection of rents. Equity REITs can also realize capital gains by selling properties that have appreciated in value. Mortgage REITs invest the majority of their assets in real estate mortgages and derive income from the collection of interest payments. REITs can be subject to extreme volatility due to fluctuations in the demand for real estate, changes in interest rates, and adverse economic conditions.

Partnership units of real estate and other types of companies sometimes are organized as master limited partnerships in which ownership interests are publicly traded.

Similar to investment companies, REITs are not taxed on income distributed to shareholders provided they comply with certain requirements under the Code. The failure of a REIT to continue to qualify as a REIT for tax purposes can materially affect its value. A Fund will indirectly bear its proportionate share of any expenses paid by a REIT in which it invests. REITs often do not provide complete tax information until after the calendar year-end. Consequently, because of the delay, it may be necessary for a Fund investing in REITs to request permission to extend the deadline for issuance of Forms 1099-DIV beyond January 31. In the alternative, amended Forms 1099-DIV may be sent.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with REITs include: Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Market Risk and Real Estate-Related Investment Risk.

 

35


Repurchase Agreements

Repurchase agreements are agreements under which a Fund acquires a security for a relatively short period of time (usually within seven days) subject to the obligation of a seller to repurchase and a Fund to resell such security at a fixed time and price (representing a Fund’s cost plus interest). The repurchase agreement specifies the yield during the purchaser’s holding period. Repurchase agreements also may be viewed as loans made by a Fund that are collateralized by the securities subject to repurchase, which may consist of a variety of security types. A Fund typically will enter into repurchase agreements only with commercial banks, registered broker-dealers and the Fixed Income Clearing Corporation. Such transactions are monitored to ensure that the value of the underlying securities will be at least equal at all times to the total amount of the repurchase obligation, including any accrued interest.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with repurchase agreements include: Counterparty Risk, Credit Risk, Issuer Risk, Market Risk and Repurchase Agreements Risk.

Reverse Repurchase Agreements

Reverse repurchase agreements are agreements under which a Fund temporarily transfers possession of a portfolio instrument to another party, such as a bank or broker-dealer, in return for cash. At the same time, the Fund agrees to repurchase the instrument at an agreed-upon time (normally within 7 days) and price which reflects an interest payment. A Fund generally retains the right to interest and principal payments on the security. Reverse repurchase agreements also may be viewed as borrowings made by a Fund.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with reverse repurchase agreements include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Issuer Risk, Market Risk and Reverse Repurchase Agreements Risk.

Short Sales

A Fund may sometimes sell securities short when it owns an equal amount of such securities as those securities sold short. This is a technique known as selling short “against the box.” If a Fund makes a short sale “against the box,” it would not immediately deliver the securities sold and would not receive the proceeds from the sale. The seller is said to have a short position in the securities sold until it delivers the securities sold, at which time it receives the proceeds of the sale. To secure its obligation to deliver securities sold short, a Fund will deposit in escrow in a separate account with the custodian an equal amount of the securities sold short or securities convertible into or exchangeable for such securities. A Fund can close out its short position by purchasing and delivering an equal amount of the securities sold short, rather than by delivering securities already held by a Fund, because a Fund might want to continue to receive interest and dividend payments on securities in its portfolio that are convertible into the securities sold short.

Short sales “against the box” entail many of the same risks and considerations described below regarding short sales not “against the box.” However, when a Fund sells short “against the box” it typically limits the amount of securities that it has leveraged. A Fund’s decision to make a short sale “against the box” may be a technique to hedge against market risks when a Fund’s portfolio manager believes that the price of a security may decline, causing a decline in the value of a security owned by a Fund or a security convertible into or exchangeable for such security. In such case, any future losses in a Fund’s long position would be reduced by a gain in the short position. The extent to which such gains or losses in the long position are reduced will depend upon the amount of securities sold short relative to the amount of the securities a Fund owns, either directly or indirectly, and, in the case where a Fund owns convertible securities, changes in the investment values or conversion premiums of such securities. Short sales may have adverse tax consequences to a Fund and its shareholders.

Subject to its fundamental and non-fundamental investment policies, a Fund may engage in short sales that are not “against the box,” which are sales by a Fund of securities, contracts or instruments that it does not own in hopes of purchasing the same security, contract or instrument at a later date at a lower price. The technique is also used to protect a profit in a long-term position in a security, commodity futures contract or other instrument. To make delivery to the buyer, a Fund must borrow or purchase the security. If borrowed, a Fund is then obligated to replace the security borrowed from the third party, so a Fund must purchase the security at the market price at a later time. If the price of the security has increased during this time, then a Fund will incur a loss equal to the increase in price of the security from the time of the short sale plus any premiums and interest paid to the third party. (Until the security is replaced, a Fund is required to pay to the lender amounts equal to any dividends or interest which accrue during the period of the loan. To borrow the security, a Fund also may be required to pay a premium, which would increase the cost of the security sold. The proceeds of the short sale will be retained by the broker, to the extent necessary to meet the margin requirements, until the short position is closed out.) Short sales of forward commitments and derivatives do not involve borrowing a security. These types of short sales may include futures, options, contracts for differences, forward contracts on financial instruments and options such as contracts, credit-linked instruments, and swap contracts.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with short sales include: Leverage Risk, Market Risk and Short Selling Risk.

Sovereign Debt

Sovereign debt obligations are issued or guaranteed by foreign governments or their agencies. It may be in the form of conventional securities or other types of debt instruments such as loans or loan participations. A sovereign debtor’s willingness or ability to repay principal and pay interest in a timely manner may be affected by a variety of factors, including its cash flow situation, the extent of its

 

36


reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange on the date a payment is due, the relative size of the debt service burden to the economy as a whole, the sovereign debtor’s policy toward international lenders, and the political constraints to which a sovereign debtor may be subject. (See also Types of Investments – Foreign Securities.) In addition, there may be no legal recourse against a sovereign debtor in the event of a default.

Sovereign debt includes Brady Bonds, which are securities issued under the framework of the Brady Plan, an initiative announced by former U.S. Treasury Secretary Nicholas F. Brady in 1989 as a mechanism for debtor nations to restructure their outstanding external commercial bank indebtedness.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with sovereign debt include: Credit Risk, Emerging Markets Securities Risk, Foreign Securities Risk, Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

Stripped Securities

Stripped securities are the separate income or principal payments of a debt security and evidence ownership in either the future interest or principal payments on an instrument. There are many different types and variations of stripped securities. For example, Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal Securities (STRIPS) can be component parts of a U.S. Treasury security where the principal and interest components are traded independently through DTC, a clearing agency registered pursuant to Section 17A of the 1934 Act and created to hold securities for its participants, and to facilitate the clearance and settlement of securities transactions between participants through electronic computerized book-entries, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates. Treasury Investor Growth Receipts (TIGERs) are U.S. Treasury securities stripped by brokers. Stripped mortgage-backed securities, (SMBS) also can be issued by the U.S. Government or its agencies. Stripped securities may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations for more information.

SMBS usually are structured with two or more classes that receive different proportions of the interest and principal distributions from a pool of mortgage-backed assets. Common types of SMBS will be structured so that one class receives some of the interest and most of the principal from the mortgage-backed assets, while another class receives most of the interest and the remainder of the principal.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with stripped securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Liquidity Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk and Stripped Securities Risk

Trust-Preferred Securities

Trust-preferred securities, also known as trust-issued securities, are securities that have characteristics of both debt and equity instruments and are typically treated by the Funds as debt investments.

Generally, trust-preferred securities are cumulative preferred stocks issued by a trust that is created by a financial institution, such as a bank holding company. The financial institution typically creates the trust with the objective of increasing its capital by issuing subordinated debt to the trust in return for cash proceeds that are reflected on the financial institutions balance sheet.

The primary asset owned by the trust is the subordinated debt issued to the trust by the financial institution. The financial institution makes periodic interest payments on the debt as discussed further below. The financial institution will subsequently own the trust’s common securities, which may typically represent a small percentage of the trust’s capital structure. The remainder of the trust’s capital structure typically consists of trust-preferred securities which are sold to investors. The trust uses the sales proceeds to purchase the subordinated debt issued by the financial institution. The financial institution uses the proceeds from the subordinated debt sale to increase its capital while the trust receives periodic interest payments from the financial institution for holding the subordinated debt.

The trust uses the interest received to make dividend payments to the holders of the trust-preferred securities. The dividends are generally paid on a quarterly basis and are often higher than other dividends potentially available on the financial institution’s common stocks. The interests of the holders of the trust-preferred securities are senior to those of common stockholders in the event that the financial institution is liquidated, although their interests are typically subordinated to those of other holders of other debt issued by the institution.

The primary benefit for the financial institution in using this particular structure is that the trust-preferred securities issued by the trust are treated by the financial institution as debt securities for tax purposes (as a consequence of which the expense of paying interest on the securities is tax deductible), but are treated as more desirable equity securities for purposes of the calculation of capital requirements.

 

37


In certain instances, the structure involves more than one financial institution and thus, more than one trust. In such a pooled offering, an additional separate trust may be created. This trust will issue securities to investors and use the proceeds to purchase the trust- preferred securities issued by other trust subsidiaries of the participating financial institutions. In such a structure, the trust-preferred securities held by the investors are backed by other trust-preferred securities issued by the trust subsidiaries.

If a financial institution is financially unsound and defaults on interest payments to the trust, the trust will not be able to make dividend payments to holders of the trust-preferred securities such as the Fund, as the trust typically has no business operations other than holding the subordinated debt issued by the financial institution(s) and issuing the trust-preferred securities and common stock backed by the subordinated debt.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with trust- preferred securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Liquidity Risk and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

U.S. Government and Related Obligations

U.S. Government obligations include U.S. Treasury obligations and securities issued or guaranteed by various agencies of the U.S. Government or by various agencies or instrumentalities established or sponsored by the U.S. Government. U.S. Treasury obligations and securities issued or guaranteed by various agencies or instrumentalities of the U.S. Government differ in their interest rates, maturities and time of issuance, as well as with respect to whether they are guaranteed by the U.S. Government. U.S. Government and related obligations may be structured as fixed-, variable- or floating-rate obligations. See Types of Investments – Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations for more information.

U.S. Government obligations also include senior unsecured debt securities issued between October 14, 2008 and June 30, 2009 by eligible issuers (including U.S. depository institutions insured by the FDIC (and certain affiliates), U.S. bank holding companies and certain U.S. savings and loan holding companies) that are guaranteed by the FDIC under its Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (the “TLGP”). The FDIC’s guarantee under the TLGP will expire upon the earlier of (i) maturity of such security or (ii) June 30, 2012. It is the view of the FDIC and the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission that any debt security that is guaranteed by the FDIC under the TLGP and that has a maturity that ends on or before June 30, 2012 would be a security exempt from registration under Section 3(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 because such security would be fully and unconditionally guaranteed by the FDIC.

Government-sponsored entities issuing securities include privately owned, publicly chartered entities created to reduce borrowing costs for certain sectors of the economy, such as farmers, homeowners, and students. They include the Federal Farm Credit Bank System, Farm Credit Financial Assistance Corporation, Federal Home Loan Bank, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC), Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), Student Loan Marketing Association (SLMA), and Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC). Government-sponsored entities may issue discount notes (with maturities ranging from overnight to 360 days) and bonds. On Sept. 7, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), an agency of the U.S. Government, placed the FHLMC and FNMA into conservatorship, a statutory process with the objective of returning the entities to normal business operations. FHFA will act as the conservator to operate the enterprises until they are stabilized.

Given that there is a limited track record for securities guaranteed under the TLGP, it is uncertain whether such securities will continue to trade in line with recent experience in relation to treasury and government agency securities in terms of yield spread and the volatility of such spread and it is uncertain how such securities will trade in the secondary market and whether that market will be liquid or illiquid. The TLGP is subject to change. In order to collect from the FDIC under the TLGP, a claims process must be followed. Failure to follow the claims process could result in a loss to the right to payment under the guarantee. In addition, guarantee payments by the FDIC under the TLGP may be delayed.

On August 5, 2011, S&P lowered its long-term sovereign credit rating for the United States of America to “AA+” from “AAA”. Because a Fund may invest in U.S. Government obligations, the value of a Fund’s shares may be adversely affected by S&P’s downgrade or any future downgrades of the U.S. Government’s credit rating. While the long-term impact of the downgrade is uncertain, it could, for example, lead to increased volatility in the short-term. See Appendix A for a description of securities ratings.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with U.S. Government and related obligations include: Credit Risk, Inflation Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Prepayment and Extension Risk, Reinvestment Risk and U.S. Government Obligations Risk.

Variable- and Floating-Rate Obligations

Variable- and floating-rate obligations are debt instruments that provide for periodic adjustments in the interest rate and, under certain circumstances, varying principal amounts. Unlike a fixed interest rate, a variable, or floating, rate is one that rises and declines based on the movement of an underlying index of interest rates and may pay interest at rates that are adjusted periodically according to a specified formula. Variable- or floating-rate securities frequently include a demand feature enabling the holder to sell the securities to the issuer at par. In many cases, the demand feature can be exercised at any time. Some securities that do not have variable or floating interest rates may be accompanied by puts producing similar results and price characteristics. Variable-rate demand notes include

 

38


master demand notes that are obligations that permit the investor to invest fluctuating amounts, which may change daily without penalty, pursuant to direct arrangements between the investor (as lender), and the borrower. The interest rates on these notes fluctuate. The issuer of such obligations normally has a corresponding right, after a given period, to prepay in its discretion the outstanding principal amount of the obligations plus accrued interest upon a specified number of days’ notice to the holders of such obligations. Because these obligations are direct lending arrangements between the lender and borrower, it is not contemplated that such instruments generally will be traded. There generally is not an established secondary market for these obligations. Accordingly, where these obligations are not secured by letters of credit or other credit support arrangements, the lender’s right to redeem is dependent on the ability of the borrower to pay principal and interest on demand. Such obligations frequently are not rated by credit rating agencies and may involve heightened risk of default by the issuer. Asset-backed securities, bank obligations, convertible securities, corporate debt securities, foreign securities, low and below investment grade securities, money market instruments, mortgage-backed securities, municipal securities, participation interests, stripped securities, U.S. Government and related obligations and other types of debt instruments may be structured as variable- and floating-rate obligations.

Most floating rate loans are acquired directly from the agent bank or from another holder of the loan by assignment. Most such loans are secured, and most impose restrictive covenants on the borrower. These loans are typically made by a syndicate of banks and institutional investors, represented by an agent bank which has negotiated and structured the loan and which is responsible generally for collecting interest, principal, and other amounts from the borrower on its own behalf and on behalf of the other lending institutions in the syndicate, and for enforcing its rights and the rights of the syndicate against the borrower. Each of the lending institutions, including the agent bank, lends to the borrower a portion of the total amount of the loan, and retains the corresponding interest in the loan. Floating rate loans may include delayed draw term loans and prefunded or synthetic letters of credit.

A Fund’s ability to receive payments of principal and interest and other amounts in connection with loans held by it will depend primarily on the financial condition of the borrower. The failure by the Fund to receive scheduled interest or principal payments on a loan would adversely affect the income of the Fund and would likely reduce the value of its assets, which would be reflected in a reduction in the Fund’s net asset value. Banks and other lending institutions generally perform a credit analysis of the borrower before originating a loan or purchasing an assignment in a loan. In selecting the loans in which the Fund will invest, however, the Investment Manager will not rely on that credit analysis of the agent bank, but will perform its own investment analysis of the borrowers. The Investment Manager’s analysis may include consideration of the borrower’s financial strength and managerial experience, debt coverage, additional borrowing requirements or debt maturity schedules, changing financial conditions, and responsiveness to changes in business conditions and interest rates. Investments in loans may be of any quality, including “distressed” loans, and will be subject to the Fund’s credit quality policy.

Loans may be structured in different forms, including assignments and participations. In an assignment, a Fund purchases an assignment of a portion of a lender’s interest in a loan. In this case, the Fund may be required generally to rely upon the assigning bank to demand payment and enforce its rights against the borrower, but would otherwise be entitled to all of such bank’s rights in the loan.

The borrower of a loan may, either at its own election or pursuant to terms of the loan documentation, prepay amounts of the loan from time to time. There is no assurance that a Fund will be able to reinvest the proceeds of any loan prepayment at the same interest rate or on the same terms as those of the original loan.

Corporate loans in which a Fund may purchase a loan assignment are made generally to finance internal growth, mergers, acquisitions, recapitalizations, stock repurchases, leveraged buy-outs, dividend payments to sponsors and other corporate activities. The highly leveraged capital structure of certain borrowers may make such loans especially vulnerable to adverse changes in economic or market conditions. The Fund may hold investments in loans for a very short period of time when opportunities to resell the investments that a Fund’s Portfolio Manager believes are attractive arise.

Certain of the loans acquired by a Fund may involve revolving credit facilities under which a borrower may from time to time borrow and repay amounts up to the maximum amount of the facility. In such cases, the Fund would have an obligation to advance its portion of such additional borrowings upon the terms specified in the loan assignment. To the extent that the Fund is committed to make additional loans under such an assignment, it will at all times designate cash or securities in an amount sufficient to meet such commitments.

Notwithstanding its intention in certain situations to not receive material, non-public information with respect to its management of investments in floating rate loans, the Investment Manager may from time to time come into possession of material, non-public information about the issuers of loans that may be held in a Fund’s portfolio. Possession of such information may in some instances occur despite the Investment Manager’s efforts to avoid such possession, but in other instances the Investment Manager may choose to receive such information (for example, in connection with participation in a creditors’ committee with respect to a financially distressed issuer). As, and to the extent, required by applicable law, the Investment Manager’s ability to trade in these loans for the

 

39


account of the Fund could potentially be limited by its possession of such information. Such limitations on the Investment Manager’s ability to trade could have an adverse effect on the Fund by, for example, preventing the Fund from selling a loan that is experiencing a material decline in value. In some instances, these trading restrictions could continue in effect for a substantial period of time.

In some instances, other accounts managed by the Investment Manager may hold other securities issued by borrowers whose floating rate loans may be held in a Fund’s portfolio. These other securities may include, for example, debt securities that are subordinate to the floating rate loans held in the Fund’s portfolio, convertible debt or common or preferred equity securities.

In certain circumstances, such as if the credit quality of the issuer deteriorates, the interests of holders of these other securities may conflict with the interests of the holders of the issuer’s floating rate loans. In such cases, the Investment Manager may owe conflicting fiduciary duties to the Fund and other client accounts. The Investment Manager will endeavor to carry out its obligations to all of its clients to the fullest extent possible, recognizing that in some cases certain clients may achieve a lower economic return, as a result of these conflicting client interests, than if the Investment Manager’s client accounts collectively held only a single category of the issuer’s securities.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with variable- or floating-rate obligations include: Counterparty Risk, Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk, Liquidity Risk and Prepayment and Extension Risk.

Warrants and Rights

Warrants and rights are types of securities that give a holder a right to purchase shares of common stock. Warrants usually are issued together with a bond or preferred stock and entitle a holder to purchase a specified amount of common stock at a specified price typically for a period of years. Rights usually have a specified purchase price that is lower than the current market price and entitle a holder to purchase a specified amount of common stock typically for a period of only weeks. Warrants may be used to enhance the marketability of a bond or preferred stock. Warrants do not carry with them the right to dividends or voting rights and they do not represent any rights in the assets of the issuer. Warrants may be considered to have more speculative characteristics than certain other types of investments. In addition, the value of a warrant does not necessarily change with the value of the underlying securities, and a warrant ceases to have value if it is not exercised prior to its expiration date, if any.

The potential exercise price of warrants or rights may exceed their market price, such as when there is no movement in the market price or the market price of the common stock declines.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with warrants and rights include: Convertible Securities Risk, Credit Risk, Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

When-Issued, Delayed Delivery and Forward Commitment Transactions

When-issued, delayed delivery and forward commitment transactions involve the purchase or sale of securities by a Fund, with payment and delivery taking place in the future after the customary settlement period for that type of security. Normally, the settlement date occurs within 45 days of the purchase although in some cases settlement may take longer. The investor does not pay for the securities or receive dividends or interest on them until the contractual settlement date. When engaging in when-issued, delayed delivery and forward commitment transactions, a Fund typically will hold cash or liquid securities in a segregated account in an amount equal to or greater than the purchase price. The payment obligation and, if applicable, the interest rate that will be received on the securities, are fixed at the time that a Fund agrees to purchase the securities. A Fund generally will enter into when-issued, delayed delivery and forward commitment transactions only with the intention of completing such transactions. However, a Fund’s portfolio manager may determine not to complete a transaction if it deems it appropriate. In such cases, a Fund may realize short-term gains or losses.

To Be Announced Securities (“TBAs”). As with other delayed delivery transactions, a seller agrees to issue a TBA security at a future date. However, the seller does not specify the particular securities to be delivered. Instead, the Fund agrees to accept any security that meets specified terms. For example, in a TBA mortgage-backed security transaction, the Fund and the seller would agree upon the issuer, interest rate and terms of the underlying mortgages. The seller would not identify the specific underlying mortgages until it issues the security. TBA mortgage-backed securities increase market risks because the underlying mortgages may be less favorable than anticipated by the Fund. See Types of Investments -Mortgage-Backed Securities and -Asset-Backed Securities

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with when-issued, delayed delivery and forward commitment transactions include: Counterparty Risk, Credit Risk and Market Risk.

Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Step-Coupon Securities

Zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities are types of debt instruments that do not necessarily make payments of interest in fixed amounts or at fixed intervals. Asset-backed securities, convertible securities, corporate debt securities, foreign securities, low and below investment grade securities, mortgage-backed securities, municipal securities, participation interests, stripped securities, U.S. Government and related obligations and other types of debt instruments may be structured as zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and step-coupon securities.

 

40


Zero-coupon securities do not pay interest on a current basis but instead accrue interest over the life of the security. These securities include, among others, zero-coupon bonds, which either may be issued at a discount by a corporation or government entity or may be created by a brokerage firm when it strips the coupons from a bond or note and then sells the bond or note and the coupon separately. This technique is used frequently with U.S. Treasury bonds, and zero-coupon securities are marketed under such names as CATS (Certificate of Accrual on Treasury Securities), TIGERs or STRIPS. Zero-coupon bonds also are issued by municipalities. Buying a municipal zero-coupon bond frees its purchaser of the obligation to pay regular federal income tax on imputed interest, since the interest is exempt for regular federal income tax purposes. Zero-coupon certificates of deposit and zero-coupon mortgages are generally structured in the same fashion as zero-coupon bonds; the certificate of deposit holder or mortgage holder receives face value at maturity and no payments until then.

Pay-in-kind securities normally give the issuer an option to pay cash at a coupon payment date or to give the holder of the security a similar security with the same coupon rate and a face value equal to the amount of the coupon payment that would have been made.

Step-coupon securities trade at a discount from their face value and pay coupon interest that gradually increases over time. The coupon rate is paid according to a schedule for a series of periods, typically lower for an initial period and then increasing to a higher coupon rate thereafter. The discount from the face amount or par value depends on the time remaining until cash payments begin, prevailing interest rates, liquidity of the security and the perceived credit quality of the issue.

Zero-coupon, step-coupon and pay-in-kind securities holders generally have substantially all the rights and privileges of holders of the underlying coupon obligations or principal obligations. Holders of these securities have the right upon default on the underlying coupon obligations or principal obligations to proceed directly and individually against the issuer and are not required to act in concert with other holders of such securities.

See Appendix A for a discussion of securities ratings.

Although one or more of the other risks described in this SAI may also apply, the risks typically associated with zero-coupon, step-coupon, and pay-in-kind securities include: Credit Risk, Interest Rate Risk and Zero-Coupon Bonds Risk.

Information Regarding Risks

The following is a summary of risk characteristics associated with the various investment instruments available to the Funds for investment. A fund’s risk profile is largely defined by the fund’s primary portfolio holdings and principal investment strategies. However, most funds are allowed to use certain other strategies and investments that may have different risk characteristics. Accordingly, one or more of the following types of risk may be associated with a Fund at any time (for a description of principal risks and investment strategies for an individual fund, please see that Fund’s prospectus):

Active Management Risk. The Fund is actively managed and its performance therefore will reflect, in part, the ability of the portfolio managers to select investments and to make investment decisions that are suited to achieving the Fund’s investment objective. Due to its active management, the Fund could underperform its benchmark index or other funds with similar investment objectives and/or strategies. The Fund may fail to achieve its investment objective(s) and you may lose money.

Allocation Risk. The Fund uses an asset allocation strategy in pursuit of its investment objective. There is a risk that the Fund’s allocation among asset classes, investments, managers, strategies and/or investment styles will cause the Fund’s shares to lose value or cause the Fund to underperform other funds with similar investment objectives and/or strategies, or that the investments themselves will not produce the returns expected.

Asia Pacific Region Risk. A number of countries in the Asia Pacific region (as described in the Fund’s prospectus) are considered underdeveloped or developing, including from a political, economic and/or social perspective, and may have relatively unstable governments and economies based on limited business, industries and/or natural resources or commodities. Events in any one country within the region may impact that country, other countries in the region or the region as a whole. As a result, events in the region will generally have a greater effect on the Fund than if the Fund were more geographically diversified in areas with more developed countries and economies. This could result in increased volatility in the value of the Fund’s investments and losses within the Fund. Continued growth of economies and securities markets in the region will require sustained economic and fiscal discipline, as well as continued commitment to governmental and regulatory reforms. Development also may be influenced by international economic conditions, including those in the United States and Japan, and by world demand for goods or natural resources produced in countries

 

41


in the Asia Pacific region. Securities markets in the region are generally smaller and have a lower trading volume than those in the United States, which may result in the securities of some companies in the region being less liquid than U.S. or other foreign securities. Some currencies, inflation rates or interest rates in the Asia Pacific region are or can be volatile, and some countries in the region may restrict the flow of money in and out of the country. The risks described under “Emerging Market Securities Risk” and “Foreign Securities Risk” may be more pronounced due to concentration of the Fund’s investments in the region.

Asset-Backed Securities Risk. The value of the Fund’s asset-backed securities may be affected by, among other things, changes in interest rates, factors concerning the interests in and structure of the issuer or the originator of the receivables, the creditworthiness of the entities that provide any supporting letters of credit, surety bonds or other credit enhancements, or the market’s assessment of the quality of underlying assets. Asset-backed securities represent interests in, or are backed by, pools of receivables such as credit card, auto, student and home equity loans. They may also be backed by securities backed by these types of loans and others, such as mortgage loans. Asset-backed securities can have a fixed or an adjustable rate. Most asset-backed securities are subject to prepayment risk, which is the possibility that the underlying debt may be refinanced or prepaid prior to maturity during periods of declining or low interest rates, causing the Fund to have to reinvest the money received in securities that have lower yields. In addition, the impact of prepayments on the value of asset-backed securities may be difficult to predict and may result in greater volatility. Rising or high interest rates tend to extend the duration of asset-backed securities, resulting in valuations that are volatile and sensitive to changes in interest rates.

Changing Distribution Level Risk. The amount of the distributions paid by the Fund will vary and generally depends on the amount of interest income and/or dividends received by the Fund on the securities it holds. The Fund may not be able to pay distributions or may have to reduce its distribution level if the interest income and/or dividends the Fund receives from its investments decline.

Commodity Futures Trading Commission Regulatory Risk. The Fund intends to comply with Rule 4.5 of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), pursuant to which certain registered investment companies are exempt from the definition of the term “commodity pool operator,” and, thus, not subject to regulation by the CFTC. However, the CFTC recently adopted significant changes in the way in which registered investment companies that invest in commodities markets are regulated. To the extent these proposals become effective as adopted, the Fund may be compelled to consider significant changes, which could include substantially altering its investment strategies (e.g., reducing substantially the Fund’s exposure to the commodities markets) or, if deemed necessary, liquidating the Fund.

Commodity-Related Risk. The value of commodities investments will generally be affected by overall market movements and factors specific to a particular industry or commodity, which may include demand for the commodity, weather, embargoes, tariffs, and economic health, political, international, regulatory and other developments. Economic and other events (whether real or perceived) can reduce the demand for commodities, which may, in turn, reduce market prices and cause the value of Fund shares to fall. The frequency and magnitude of such changes cannot be predicted. Exposure to commodities and commodities markets may subject the value of the Fund’s investments to greater volatility than other types of investments. No or limited, active trading market may exist for certain commodities investments, which may impair the ability to sell or to realize the full value of such investments in the event of the need to liquidate such investments. In addition, adverse market conditions may impair the liquidity of actively traded commodities investments. Certain types of commodities instruments (such as commodity-linked swaps and commodity-linked structured notes) are subject to the risk that the counterparty to the instrument may not perform or be unable to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument. A subsidiary of the Fund making commodity-related investments generally will not be subject to U.S. laws (including securities laws) and their protections; however, the subsidiary is wholly owned and controlled by the Fund, making it unlikely that the subsidiary will take action contrary to the interests of the Fund and its shareholders. Further, the subsidiary will be subject to the laws of a foreign jurisdiction, and can be adversely affected by developments in that jurisdiction.

Concentration Risk. Investments that are concentrated in particular issuers, geographic regions or sectors will make the Fund’s portfolio value more susceptible to the events or conditions impacting the issuers, geographic regions or sectors. Because of the Fund’s concentration, the Fund’s overall value may decline to a greater degree or may fluctuate more than if the Fund held a less concentrated portfolio.

Confidential Information Access Risk. In managing the Fund, the Investment Manager normally will seek to avoid the receipt of material, non-public information (Confidential Information) about the issuers of floating rate loans being considered for acquisition by the Fund, or held in the Fund. In many instances, issuers of floating rate loans offer to furnish Confidential Information to prospective purchasers or holders of the issuer’s floating rate loans to help potential investors assess the value of the loan. The Investment Manager’s decision not to receive Confidential Information from these issuers may disadvantage the Fund as compared to other floating rate loan investors, and may adversely affect the price the Fund pays for the loans it purchases, or the price at which the Fund sells the loans. Further, in situations when holders of floating rate loans are asked, for example, to grant consents, waivers or amendments, the Investment Manager’s ability to assess the desirability of such consents, waivers or amendments may be compromised. For these and other reasons, it is possible that the Investment Manager’s decision under normal circumstances not to receive Confidential Information could adversely affect the Fund’s performance.

 

42


Convertible Securities Risk. Convertible securities are subject to the usual risks associated with debt securities, such as interest rate risk (i.e., risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates) and credit risk (i.e., the risk that the issuer of a fixed-income security may or will default or otherwise become unable, or perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments when due). Convertible securities also react to changes in the value of the common stock into which they convert, and are thus subject to market risk (i.e., the risk that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise). Because the value of a convertible security can be influenced by both interest rates and the common stock’s market movements, a convertible security generally is not as sensitive to interest rates as a similar debt security, and generally will not vary in value in response to other factors to the same extent as the underlying common stock. In the event of a liquidation of the issuing company, holders of convertible securities would typically be paid before the company’s common stockholders but after holders of any senior debt obligations of the company. The Fund may be forced to convert a convertible security before it otherwise would choose to do so, which may decrease the Fund’s return.

Counterparty Risk. The risk that a counterparty to a financial instrument held by the Fund or by a special purpose or structured vehicle invested in by the Fund may become insolvent or otherwise fail to perform its obligations due to financial difficulties, including making payments to the Fund. The Fund may obtain no or limited recovery in a bankruptcy or other organizational proceedings, and any recovery may be significantly delayed.

Credit Risk. Credit risk applies to most debt securities, but is generally less of a factor for obligations backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government. It is the risk that the issuer of a fixed-income security may or will default or otherwise become unable or unwilling, or is perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments to the Fund when due. Various factors could affect the issuer’s actual or perceived willingness or ability to make timely interest or principal payments, including changes in the issuer’s financial condition or in general economic conditions. Debt securities backed by an issuer’s taxing authority may be subject to legal limits on the issuer’s power to increase taxes or otherwise to raise revenue, or may be dependent on legislative appropriation or government aid. Certain debt securities are backed only by revenues derived from a particular project or source, rather than by an issuer’s taxing authority, and thus may have a greater risk of default. If the Fund purchases unrated securities, or if the rating of a security is lowered after purchase, the Fund will depend on analysis of credit risk more heavily than usual. Lower quality or unrated securities held by the Fund present greater credit risk as compared to higher-rated securities.

Depositary Receipts Risks. Depositary receipts are receipts issued by a bank or trust company and evidence of ownership of underlying securities issued by foreign companies. Some foreign securities are traded in the form of American Depositary Receipts (ADRs). Depositary receipts involve the risks of other investments in foreign securities, including risks associated with investing in the particular country, including the political, regulatory, economic, social and other conditions or events occurring in the country, as well as fluctuations in its currency. In addition, ADR holders may not have all the legal rights of shareholders and may experience difficulty in receiving shareholder communications.

Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Futures Contracts Risk. The use of futures contracts is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. A futures contract is a sales contract between a buyer (holding the “long” position) and a seller (holding the “short” position) for an asset with delivery deferred until a future date. The buyer agrees to pay a fixed price at the agreed future date and the seller agrees to deliver the asset. The seller hopes that the market price on the delivery date is less than the agreed upon price, while the buyer hopes for the contrary. The liquidity of the futures markets depends on participants entering into off-setting transactions rather than making or taking delivery. To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced. In addition, futures exchanges often impose a maximum permissible price movement on each futures contract for each trading session. The Fund may be disadvantaged if it is prohibited from executing a trade outside the daily permissible price movement. Moreover, to the extent the Fund engages in futures contracts on foreign exchanges, such exchanges may not provide the same protection as U.S. exchanges. The loss that may be incurred in entering into futures contracts may exceed the amount of the premium paid and may be potentially unlimited. Futures markets are highly volatile and the use of futures may increase the volatility of the Fund’s net asset value (NAV). Additionally, as a result of the low collateral deposits normally involved in futures trading, a relatively small price movement in a futures contract may result in substantial losses to the Fund. Investment in these instruments involve risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund) and pricing risk (i.e., the instrument may be difficult to value).

Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Structured Notes Risk. The use of commodity-linked structured notes is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. The Fund’s investments in commodity-linked structured notes involve substantial risks, including risk of loss of interest and principal, lack of a secondary (i.e. liquid) market, and risk of greater volatility than investments in traditional equity and debt markets.

If payment of interest on a commodity-linked structured note is linked to the value of a particular commodity, commodity index or other economic variable, the Fund might receive lower interest payments (or not receive any of the interest due) on its investments if there is a loss of value of the underlying investment. Further, to the extent that the amount of principal to be repaid upon maturity is

 

43


linked to the value of a particular commodity, commodity index or other economic variable, the Fund might not receive a portion (or any) of the principal at maturity of the investment or upon earlier exchange. At any time, the risk of loss associated with a particular structured note in the Fund’s portfolio may be significantly higher than the value of the note.

A liquid secondary market may not exist for the commodity-linked structured notes held in the Fund’s portfolio, which may make it difficult for the notes to be sold at a price acceptable to the portfolio managers or to accurately value them. Investment in commodity-linked structured notes also subjects the Fund to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument) and hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund).

The value of the commodity-linked structured notes may fluctuate significantly because the values of the underlying investments to which they are linked are themselves volatile. Additionally, the particular terms of a commodity-linked structured note may create economic leverage by requiring payment by the issuer of an amount that is a multiple of the price increase or decrease of the underlying commodity, commodity index, or other economic variable. Economic leverage will increase the volatility of the value of these commodity-linked notes as they may increase or decrease in value more quickly than the underlying commodity, commodity index or other economic variable.

Derivatives Risk/Commodity-Linked Swaps Risk. The use of commodity-linked swaps is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. Commodity-linked swaps could result in losses if the underlying asset or reference does not perform as anticipated. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Such transactions can have the potential for unlimited losses. Such risk is heightened in the case of short swap transactions. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in the underlying asset, because swaps may be leveraged (creating leverage risk) and are subject to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., may not be possible to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses).

Derivatives Risk/Credit Default Swaps Risk. The use of credit default swaps is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. A credit default swap enables an investor to buy or sell protection against a credit event, such as an issuer’s failure to make timely payments of interest or principal, bankruptcy or restructuring. A credit default swap may be embedded within a structured note or other derivative instrument. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in the underlying securities, because swaps, among other factors, may be leveraged and subject the Fund to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be unable to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., it may not be possible for the Fund to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses). If the Fund is selling credit protection, there is a risk that a credit event will occur and that the Fund will have to pay the counterparty. If the Fund is buying credit protection, there is a risk that no credit event will occur.

Derivatives Risk/Forward Contracts. A forward is a contract between two parties to buy or sell an asset at a specified future time at a price agreed today. Forwards are traded in the over-the-counter markets. The Fund may purchase forward contracts, including those on mortgage-backed securities in the “to be announced” (TBA) market. In the TBA market, the seller agrees to deliver the mortgage backed securities for an agreed upon price on an agreed upon date, but makes no guarantee as to which or how many securities are to be delivered. Investments in forward contracts subject the Fund to counterparty risk.

Derivatives Risk/Forward Foreign Currency Contracts Risk. The use of forward foreign currency contracts is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. These instruments are a type of derivative contract, whereby the Fund may agree to buy or sell a country’s or region’s currency at a specific price on a specific date, usually 30, 60, or 90 days in the future. These instruments may fall in value due to foreign market downswings or foreign currency value fluctuations. The effectiveness of any currency hedging strategy by a Fund may be reduced by the Fund’s inability to precisely match forward contract amounts and the value of securities involved. Forward foreign currency contracts used for hedging may also limit any potential gain that might result from an increase or decrease in the value of the currency. When entering into forward foreign currency contracts, unanticipated changes in the currency markets could result in reduced performance for the Fund. At or prior to maturity of a forward contract, the Fund may enter into an offsetting contract and may incur a loss to the extent there has been movement in forward contract prices. When the Fund converts its foreign currencies into U.S. dollars, it may incur currency conversion costs due to the spread between the prices at which it may buy and sell various currencies in the market. Investment in these instruments also subjects the Fund, among other factors, to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be unable to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument).

 

44


Derivatives Risk/Forward Interest Rate Agreements Risk. Under forward interest rate agreements, the buyer locks in an interest rate at a future settlement date. If the interest rate on the settlement date exceeds the lock rate, the buyer pays the seller the difference between the two rates (based on the notional value of the agreement). If the lock rate exceeds the interest rate on the settlement date, the seller pays the buyer the difference between the two rates (based on the notional value of the agreement). The Fund may act as a buyer or a seller. Investment in these instruments subjects the Fund to risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund) and interest rate risk (i.e., risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates).

Derivatives Risk/Futures Contracts Risk. The use of futures contracts is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. A futures contract is a sales contract between a buyer (holding the “long” position) and a seller (holding the “short” position) for an asset with delivery deferred until a future date. The buyer agrees to pay a fixed price at the agreed future date and the seller agrees to deliver the asset. The seller hopes that the market price on the delivery date is less than the agreed upon price, while the buyer hopes for the contrary. The liquidity of the futures markets depends on participants entering into off-setting transactions rather than making or taking delivery. To the extent participants decide to make or take delivery, liquidity in the futures market could be reduced. In addition, futures exchanges often impose a maximum permissible price movement on each futures contract for each trading session. The Fund may be disadvantaged if it is prohibited from executing a trade outside the daily permissible price movement. Moreover, to the extent the Fund engages in futures contracts on foreign exchanges, such exchanges may not provide the same protection as U.S. exchanges. The loss that may be incurred in entering into futures contracts may exceed the amount of the premium paid and may be potentially unlimited. Futures markets are highly volatile and the use of futures may increase the volatility of the Fund’s net asset value (NAV). Additionally, as a result of the low collateral deposits normally involved in futures trading, a relatively small price movement in a futures contract may result in substantial losses to the Fund. Investment in these instruments involve risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund) and pricing risk (i.e., the instrument may be difficult to value).

Derivatives Risk/Interest Rate Swaps Risk. Interest rate swaps can be based on various measures of interest rates, including LIBOR, swap rates, treasury rates and other foreign interest rates. A swap agreement can increase or decrease the volatility of the Fund’s investments and its net asset value. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in securities, because swaps may be leverage, and are, among other factors, subject to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value), liquidity risk (i.e., it may not be possible to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses) and interest rate risk (i.e., risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates).

Derivatives Risk/Inverse Floaters Risk. Inverse floaters (or inverse variable or floating rate securities) are a type of derivative, long-term fixed income obligation with a variable or floating interest rate that moves in the opposite direction of short-term interest rates. As short-term interest rates go down, the holders of the inverse floaters receive more income and, as short-term interest rates go up, the holders of the inverse floaters receive less income. Variable rate securities provide for a specified periodic adjustment in the interest rate, while floating rate securities have interest rates that change whenever there is a change in a designated benchmark rate or the issuer’s credit quality. While inverse floaters tend to provide more income than similar term and credit quality fixed-rate bonds, they also exhibit greater volatility in price movement. There is a risk that the current interest rate on variable and floating rate securities may not accurately reflect current market interest rates or adequately compensate the holder for the current creditworthiness of the issuer. Some variable or floating rate securities are structured with liquidity features and some may include market-dependent liquidity features that may present greater liquidity risk. Other risks associated with transactions in inverse floaters include interest rate risk (i.e., risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates), counterparty risk (i.e., the risk that the issuer of a security may or will default or otherwise become unable, or perceived to be unable or unwilling, to honor a financial obligation, such as making payments when due) and hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund).

Derivatives Risk/Options Risk. The use of options is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. The Fund may buy and sell call and put options, including options on currencies, interest rates and swap agreements (commonly referred to as swaptions). If the Fund sells a put option, there is a risk that the Fund may be required to buy the underlying asset at a disadvantageous price. If the Fund sells a call option, there is a risk that the Fund may be required to sell the underlying asset at a disadvantageous price, and if the call option sold is not covered (for example, by owning the underlying asset), the Fund’s losses are potentially unlimited. Options may be traded on a securities exchange or in the over-the-counter markets. These transactions involve other risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the

 

45


counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument) and hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund).

Derivatives Risk/Portfolio Swaps and Total Return Swaps Risk. The use of portfolio swaps or total return swaps is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. In a swap transaction, one party agrees to pay the other party an amount equal to the total return of a defined underlying asset (such as an equity security or basket of such securities) or a non-asset reference (such as an index) during a specified period of time. In return, the other party would make periodic payments based on a fixed or variable interest rate or on the total return from a different underlying asset or non-asset reference. Portfolio swaps and equity swaps could result in losses if the underlying asset or reference does not perform as anticipated. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Such transactions can have the potential for unlimited losses. Such risk is heightened in the case of short swap transactions. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in the underlying asset, because swaps may be leveraged (creating leverage risk) and are subject to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., may not be possible to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses).

Derivatives Risk/Swaps Risk. The use of swaps is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. In a swap transaction, one party agrees to pay the other party an amount equal to the return, based upon an agreed-upon notional value, of a defined underlying asset or a non-asset reference (such as an index) during a specified period of time. In return, the other party would make periodic payments based on a fixed or variable interest rate or on the return from a different underlying asset or non-asset reference based upon an agreed-upon notional value. Swaps could result in losses if the underlying asset or reference does not perform as anticipated. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Such transactions can have the potential for unlimited losses. Such risk is heightened in the case of swap transactions involving short exposures. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in the underlying asset, because swaps may be leveraged (creating leverage risk in that the Fund’s exposure and potential losses are greater than the amount invested) and are subject to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., may not be possible to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses).

Derivatives Risk/Total Return Swaps Risk. The use of total return swaps is a highly specialized activity which involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions. In a total return swap transaction, one party agrees to pay the other party an amount equal to the total return of a defined underlying asset (such as an equity security or basket of such securities) or a non-asset reference (such as an index) during a specified period of time. In return, the other party makes periodic payments based on a fixed or variable interest rate or on the total return from a different underlying asset or non-asset reference. Total return swaps could result in losses if the underlying asset or reference does not perform as anticipated. Such transactions can have the potential for unlimited losses. The value of swaps, like many other derivatives, may move in unexpected ways and may result in losses for the Fund. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in securities, because swaps may be leveraged, are subject to counterparty risk (i.e., the counterparty to the instrument will not perform or be able to perform in accordance with the terms of the instrument), hedging risk (i.e., a hedging strategy may not eliminate the risk that it is intended to offset, and may offset gains, which may lead to losses within the Fund), pricing risk (i.e., may be difficult to value) and liquidity risk (i.e., it may not be possible for the Fund to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses.

Derivatives Risk/Warrants Risk. Warrants are securities giving the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy the stock of an issuer at a given price (generally higher than the value of the stock at the time of issuance) during a specified period or perpetually. Warrants may be acquired separately or in connection with the acquisition of securities. Warrants do not carry with them the right to dividends or voting rights and they do not represent any rights in the assets of the issuer. In addition, the value of a warrant does not necessarily change with the value of the underlying securities, and a warrant ceases to have value if it is not exercised prior to its expiration date. Warrants may be subject to the risk that the securities could lose value. There also is the risk that the potential exercise price may exceed the market price of the warrants or rights. Investment in these instruments also subject the Fund to liquidity risk (i.e., it may not be possible for the Fund to liquidate the instrument at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses to the Fund).

Dollar Rolls Risk. Dollar rolls are transactions in which the Fund sells securities to a counterparty and simultaneously agrees to purchase those or similar securities in the future at a predetermined price. Dollar rolls involve the risk that the market value of the securities the Fund is obligated to repurchase may decline below the repurchase price, or that the counterparty may default on its

 

46


obligations. These transactions may also increase the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate. If the Fund reinvests the proceeds of the security sold, the Fund will also be subject to the risk that the investments purchased with such proceeds will decline in value (a form of leverage risk).

Emerging Market Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in emerging market countries are more likely to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, emerging market countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Their economies are usually less mature and their securities markets are typically less developed with more limited trading activity (i.e., lower trading volumes and less liquidity) than more developed countries. Emerging market securities tend to be more volatile than securities in more developed markets. Many emerging market countries are heavily dependent on international trade and have fewer trading partners, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns in other countries. Some emerging market countries have a higher risk of currency devaluations, and some of these countries may experience periods of high inflation or rapid changes in inflation rates and may have hostile relations with other countries.

Energy and Natural Resources Sector Risk. The Fund is subject to the risk that the securities of the issuers engaged in the energy and natural resources sector will underperform other market sectors or the market as a whole. To the extent that the Fund invests in issuers conducting business in these or similar sectors, the Fund is subject to a greater extent to legislative or regulatory changes, adverse market conditions and/or increased competition affecting that sector or those sectors. The values of natural resources are affected by numerous factors including, among other factors, events occurring in nature and local and international politics. For instance, natural events (such as earthquakes, hurricanes or fires in prime natural resources areas) and political events (such as government instability or military confrontations) can affect the overall supply of a natural resource and thereby the value of companies involved in business activities relating to such natural resource. In addition, rising interest rates and high inflation may affect the demand for certain natural resources and, therefore, the price of related investments. In addition, prices of, and thus the Fund’s investments in, precious metals are considered speculative and are affected by a variety of worldwide and economic, financial and political factors. Prices of precious metals may fluctuate sharply.

Equity-Linked Notes Risk. Investments in ELNs have the potential to lead to significant losses because ELNs are subject to the market and volatility risks associated with their Underlying Equity, and to additional risks not typically associated with investments in listed equity securities, such as liquidity risk, credit risk of the issuer of the ELNs (or its broker-dealer affiliate, collectively referred to in this section as the “issuer”), and concentration risk. In general, an investor in an ELN, such as a Fund, has the same market risk as an investor in the Underlying Equity. The liquidity of an ELN that is not actively traded on an exchange is linked to the liquidity of the Underlying Equity.

The liquidity of unlisted ELNs is normally determined by the willingness of the issuer to make a market in the ELN. While the Fund will seek to purchase ELNs only from issuers that it believes to be willing to, and capable of, repurchasing the ELN at a reasonable price, there can be no assurance that the Fund will be able to sell any ELN at such a price or at all. This may impair the Fund’s ability to enter into other transactions at a time when doing so might be advantageous.

In addition, because ELNs are often unsecured notes of the issuer, the Fund would be subject to the credit risk of the issuer and the potential risk of being too concentrated in the securities (including ELNs) of that issuer. The Fund bears the risk that the issuer may default on its obligations under the ELN. In the event of insolvency of the issuer, the Fund will be unable to obtain the intended benefits of the ELN. Moreover, it may be difficult to obtain market quotations for purposes of valuing the Fund’s ELNs and computing the Fund’s net asset value.

Price movements of an ELN will likely differ significantly from price movements of the Underlying Equity, resulting in the risk of loss if the Fund’s portfolio managers are incorrect in their expectation of fluctuations in securities prices, interest rates or currency prices or other relevant features of an ELN.

Focused Portfolio Risk. The Fund, because it may invest in a limited number of companies, may have more volatility in its net asset value and is considered to have more risk than a fund that invests in a greater number of companies because changes in the value of a single security may have a more significant effect, either negative or positive, on the Fund’s net asset value. To the extent the Fund invests its assets in fewer securities, the Fund is subject to greater risk of loss if any of those securities decline in price.

Foreign Currency Risk. The performance of the Fund may be materially affected positively or negatively by foreign currency strength or weakness relative to the U.S. dollar, particularly if the Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in foreign securities or other assets denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Currency rates in foreign countries may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time for a number of reasons, including changes in interest rates, imposition of currency controls and economic or political developments in the U.S. or abroad. The Fund may also incur currency conversion costs when converting foreign currencies into U.S. dollars.

 

47


Foreign Securities Risk. Foreign securities are subject to special risks as compared to securities of U.S. issuers. For example, foreign markets can be extremely volatile. Foreign securities are primarily denominated in foreign currencies. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may impact the value of foreign securities, without a change in the intrinsic value of those securities. Foreign securities may also be less liquid than domestic securities so that the Fund may, at times, be unable to sell foreign securities at desirable times or prices. Brokerage commissions, custodial costs and other fees are also generally higher for foreign securities. The Fund may have limited or no legal recourse in the event of default with respect to certain foreign securities, including those issued by foreign governments. In addition, foreign governments may impose withholding or other taxes on the Fund’s income and capital gain on foreign securities, which could reduce the Fund’s yield on such securities. Other risks include possible delays in the settlement of transactions or in the payment of income; generally less publicly available information about companies; the impact of economic, political, social, diplomatic or other conditions or events; possible seizure, expropriation or nationalization of a company or its assets; possible imposition of currency exchange controls; accounting, auditing and financial reporting standards that may be less comprehensive and stringent than those applicable to domestic companies; and local agents are held only to the standard of care of the local markets, which may be less reliable than the U.S. markets. It may be difficult to obtain reliable information about the securities and business operations of certain foreign issuers. Governments or trade groups may compel local agents to hold securities in designated depositories that are not subject to independent evaluation. The less developed a country’s securities market is, the greater the level of risks.

Frequent Trading Risk. The portfolio managers may actively and frequently trade investments in the Fund’s portfolio to carry out its investment strategies. Frequent trading of investments increases the possibility that the Fund, as relevant, will realize taxable capital gains (including short-term capital gains, which are generally taxable to shareholders at higher rates than long-term capital gains for U.S. federal income tax purposes), which could reduce the Fund’s after-tax return. Frequent trading can also mean higher brokerage and other transaction costs, which could reduce the Fund’s return. The trading costs and tax effects associated with portfolio turnover may adversely affect the Fund’s performance.

Frontier Market Risk. Frontier market countries generally have smaller economies and even less developed capital markets than typical emerging market countries (which themselves have increased investment risk relative to investing in more developed markets) and, as a result, the risks of investing in emerging market countries are magnified in frontier market countries. The increased risks include the potential for extreme price volatility and illiquidity in frontier market countries; government ownership or control of parts of private sector and of certain companies; trade barriers, exchange controls, managed adjustments in relative currency values and other protectionist measures imposed or negotiated by the countries with which frontier market countries trade; and the relatively new and unsettled securities laws in many frontier market countries. Securities issued by foreign governments or companies in frontier market countries are even more likely than emerging markets securities to have greater exposure to the risks of investing in foreign securities that are described in Foreign Securities Risk. In addition, frontier market countries are more likely to experience instability resulting, for example, from rapid changes or developments in social, political and economic conditions. Many frontier market countries are heavily dependent on international trade, which makes them more sensitive to world commodity prices and economic downturns and other conditions in other countries. Some frontier market countries have a higher risk of currency devaluations, and some of these countries may experience periods of high inflation or rapid changes in inflation rates and may have hostile relations with other countries.

Geographic Concentration Risk. The Fund may be particularly susceptible to economic, political, regulatory or other events or conditions affecting issuers and countries within the specific geographic regions in which the Fund invests. Currency devaluations could occur in countries that have not yet experienced currency devaluation to date, or could continue to occur in countries that have already experienced such devaluations. As a result, the Fund’s net asset value may be more volatile than a more geographically diversified fund.

Geographic Concentration Risk/Europe Risk. Because the Fund concentrates its investments in Europe, the Fund may be particularly susceptible to economic, political, regulatory or other events or conditions affecting issuers and countries in Europe. Most developed countries in Western Europe are members of the European Union (EU), and many are also members of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). European countries can be significantly affected by the tight fiscal and monetary controls that the EMU imposes on its members and with which candidates for EMU membership are required to comply. In addition, the private and public sectors’ debt problems of a single EU country can pose significant economic risks to the EU as a whole. Unemployment in Europe has historically been higher than in the United States and public deficits are an ongoing concern in many European countries. Currency devaluations could occur in countries that have not yet experienced currency devaluation to date, or could continue to occur in countries that have already experienced such devaluations. As a result, the Fund’s net asset value may be more volatile than a more geographically diversified fund. If securities of issuers in Europe fall out of favor, it may cause the Fund to underperform other funds that do not concentrate in this region of the world.

Geographic Concentration Risk. Because the Fund invests substantially in municipal securities issued by the state identified in the Fund’s name and political sub-divisions of that state, the Fund will be particularly affected by adverse tax, legislative, regulatory, demographic or political changes as well as changes impacting the state’s financial, economic or other condition and prospects. This

 

48


vulnerability to factors affecting the Fund’s tax-exempt investments will be significantly greater than that of a more geographically diversified fund, which may result in greater losses and volatility. In addition, because of the relatively small number of issuers of tax-exempt securities in the state, the Fund may invest a higher percentage of assets in a single issuer and, therefore, be more exposed to the risk of loss than a fund that invests more broadly. The value of municipal securities owned by the Fund also may be adversely affected by future changes in federal or state income tax laws. See the SAI for details.

Gold ETF and Mining Securities Risk. Shares of exchange-traded funds related to gold or other precious or special minerals (Gold ETFs) generally represent units of fractional undivided beneficial interests in a trust. The shares are intended to reflect the performance of the price of gold bullion. Because a Gold ETF has operating expenses and transaction and other costs (including storage and insurance costs) while the price of gold bullion does not, a Gold ETF will sell gold from time to time to pay expenses. This will reduce the amount of gold represented by each Gold ETF share, irrespective of whether the trading price of the shares rises or falls in response to changes in the price of gold. An investment in a Gold ETF is subject to all of the risks of investing directly in gold bullion and mining securities. In addition, the market value of the shares of the Gold ETF may differ from their net asset value because the supply and demand in the market for shares of the Gold ETF at any point in time is not always identical to the supply and demand in the market for the underlying assets. Under certain circumstances, a Gold ETF could be terminated. Should termination occur, the Gold ETF might have to liquidate its holding at a time when the price of gold may not be advantageous to the Fund. The Fund may invest directly in, or indirectly through the Subsidiary or by means of derivative instruments, securities issued by companies that are involved in mining or processing or dealing in gold or other metals or minerals. These securities are described as “Mining Securities.” Investments in Mining Securities and Gold ETFs involve additional risks and considerations not typically associated with other types of investments: (1) the risk of substantial price fluctuations of gold and precious metals; (2) the concentration of gold supply is mainly in five locations (South Africa, Australia, the Commonwealth of Independent States (the former Soviet Union), Canada and the United States), and the prevailing economic and political conditions of these countries may have a direct effect on the production and marketing of gold and sales of central bank gold holdings; (3) unpredictable international monetary policies, economic and political conditions; and (4) possible U.S. Governmental regulation of gold and precious metals, as well as foreign regulation of such investments.

Greater China Regional Risk. The Greater China region consists of Hong Kong, The People’s Republic of China and Taiwan, among other countries, and the Fund’s investments in the region are particularly susceptible to risks in that region. Adverse events in any one country within the region may impact the other countries in the region or Asia as a whole. As a result, adverse events in the region will generally have a greater effect on the Fund than if the Fund were more geographically diversified, which could result in greater volatility in the Fund’s net asset value and losses. Markets in the Greater China region can experience significant volatility due to social, economic, regulatory and political uncertainties.

Growth Securities Risk. Growth securities typically trade at a higher multiple of earnings than other types of equity securities. Accordingly, the market values of growth securities may be more sensitive to adverse economic or other circumstances or changes in current or expected earnings than the market values of other types of securities. In addition, growth securities, at times, may not perform as well as value securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

Health Care Sector Risk. Companies in the health care sector are subject to extensive government regulation. Their profitability can be affected significantly and adversely by restrictions on government reimbursement for medical expenses, government approval of medical products and services, competitive pricing pressures, an increased emphasis on outpatient and other alternative services and other factors. In many cases, patent protection is integral to the success of companies in the health care sector, and profitability can be affected materially by, among other things, the cost of obtaining (or failing to obtain) patent approvals, the cost of litigating patent infringement and the loss of patent protection for medical products (which significantly increases pricing pressures and can materially reduce profitability with respect to such products). Companies in the health care sector also potentially are subject to extensive product liability and other similar litigation. Companies in the health care sector are affected by the rising cost of medical products and services, and the effects of such rising costs can be particularly pronounced for companies that are dependent on a relatively limited number of products or services. Medical products also frequently become obsolete due to industry innovation or other causes. Because the Fund invests a significant portion of its net assets in the equity securities of health care companies, the Fund’s price may be more volatile than a fund that is invested in a more diverse range of companies in different market sectors.

Highly Leveraged Transactions Risk. The loans or other securities in which the Fund invests may consist of transactions involving refinancings, recapitalizations, mergers and acquisitions and other financings for general corporate purposes. The Fund’s investments also may include senior obligations of a borrower issued in connection with a restructuring pursuant to Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (commonly known as “debtor-in-possession” financings), provided that such senior obligations are determined by the Fund’s portfolio managers to be a suitable investment for the Fund. In such highly leveraged transactions, the borrower assumes large amounts of debt in order to have the financial resources to attempt to achieve its business objectives. Such business objectives may include but are not limited to: management’s taking over control of a company (leveraged buy-out); reorganizing the assets and liabilities of a company (leveraged recapitalization); or acquiring another company. Loans or securities that are part of highly leveraged transactions involve a greater risk (including default and bankruptcy) than other investments.

 

49


Impairment of Collateral Risk. The value of collateral, if any, securing a loan can decline, and may be insufficient to meet the borrower’s obligations or difficult or costly to liquidate. In addition, the Fund’s access to collateral may be limited by bankruptcy or other insolvency laws. Further, certain floating rate and other loans may not be fully collateralized and may decline in value.

Index Risk. The Fund’s value will generally decline when the performance of its targeted index declines. In addition, because the Fund may not hold all issues included in its index, it may not always be fully invested. The Fund also bears advisory, administrative and other expenses and transaction costs in trading securities, which the index does not bear. Accordingly, the Fund’s performance will likely fail to match the performance of its targeted index, after taking expenses into account. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Industry Concentration Risk. Investments that are concentrated in a particular industry will make the Fund’s portfolio value more susceptible to the events or conditions impacting that particular industry.

Inflation-Protected Securities Risk. Inflation-protected debt securities tend to react to changes in real interest rates. Real interest rates can be described as nominal interest rates minus the expected impact of inflation. In general, the price of an inflation-protected debt security falls when real interest rates rise, and rises when real interest rates fall. Interest payments on inflation-protected debt securities will vary as the principal and/or interest is adjusted for inflation and may be more volatile than interest paid on ordinary bonds. In periods of deflation, the Fund may have no income at all from such investments. Income earned by a shareholder depends on the amount of principal invested, and that principal will not grow with inflation unless the shareholder reinvests the portion of Fund distributions that comes from inflation adjustments. The Fund’s investment in certain inflation-protected debt securities may generate taxable income in excess of the interest they pay to the Fund, which may cause the Fund to sell investments to obtain cash to make income distributions to shareholders, including at times when it may not be advantageous to do so.

Infrastructure-Related Companies Risk. Because the Fund concentrates its investments in infrastructure-related securities, the Fund has greater exposure to adverse economic, regulatory, political, legal, and other conditions or events, affecting the issuers of such securities. Infrastructure-related businesses are subject to a variety of factors that may adversely affect their business or operations including high interest costs in connection with capital construction programs, costs associated with environmental and other regulations, the effects of an economic slowdown and surplus capacity, increased competition, uncertainties concerning availability of fuel at reasonable prices, the effects of energy conservation policies and other factors. Additionally, infrastructure-related entities may be subject to regulation by various governmental authorities and may also be affected by governmental regulation of rates charged to customers, service interruption and/or legal challenges due to environmental, operational or other conditions or events and the imposition of special tariffs and changes in tax laws, regulatory policies and accounting standards. There is also the risk that corruption may negatively affect publicly-funded infrastructure projects, especially in foreign markets, resulting in work stoppage, delays and cost overruns.

Initial Public Offering (IPO) Risk. IPOs are subject to many of the same risks as investing in companies with smaller market capitalizations. To the extent the Fund determines to invest in IPOs, it may not be able to invest to the extent desired, because, for example, only a small portion (if any) of the securities being offered in an IPO are available to the Fund. The investment performance of the Fund during periods when it is unable to invest significantly or at all in IPOs may be lower than during periods when the Fund is able to do so. In addition, as the Fund increases in size, the impact of IPOs on the Fund’s performance will generally decrease. IPOs sold within 12 months of purchase may result in increased short-term capital gains, which will be taxable to the Fund’s shareholders as ordinary income.

Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk is the risk of losses attributable to changes in interest rates. In general, if prevailing interest rates rise, the values of debt securities will tend to fall, and if interest rates fall, the values of debt securities will tend to rise. Changes in the value of a debt security usually will not affect the amount of income the Fund receives from it but may affect the value of the Fund’s shares. In general, the longer the maturity or duration of a debt security, the greater its sensitivity to changes in interest rates. Interest rate declines also may increase prepayments of debt obligations, which, in turn, would increase prepayment risk. As interest rates rise or spreads widen, the likelihood of prepayment decreases.

Investing in Other Funds Risk. The Fund’s investment in other funds (affiliated and/or unaffiliated funds, including exchange-traded funds (ETFs)) subjects the Fund to the investment performance (positive or negative) and risks of these underlying funds in direct proportion to the Fund’s investment therein. The performance of underlying funds could be adversely affected if other entities that invest in the same underlying funds make relatively large investments or redemptions in such underlying funds. The Fund, and its shareholders, indirectly bear a portion of the expenses of any funds in which the Fund invests. Because the expenses and costs of a fund are shared by its investors, redemptions by other investors in the fund could result in decreased economies of scale and increased

 

50


operating expenses for such fund. These transactions might also result in higher brokerage, tax or other costs for the Fund. This risk may be particularly important when one investor owns a substantial portion of another fund. The Investment Manager (or subadviser, as the case may be) may have potential conflicts of interest in selecting affiliated underlying funds for investment by the Fund because the fees paid to it by some underlying funds are higher than the fees paid by other underlying funds, as well as a potential conflict in selecting affiliated funds over unaffiliated funds.

Issuer Risk. An issuer in which the Fund invests may perform poorly, and therefore, the value of its securities may decline, which would negatively affect the Fund’s performance. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, breakthroughs in technology, reliance on suppliers, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures, natural disasters or other events, conditions or factors.

Leverage Risk. Leverage occurs when the Fund increases its assets available for investment using borrowings, short sales, derivatives, or similar instruments or techniques. The use of leverage may make any change in the Fund’s net asset value (NAV) even greater and thus result in increased volatility of returns. Short sales involve borrowing securities and then selling them, the Fund’s short sales effectively leverage the Fund’s assets. The Fund’s assets that are used as collateral to secure the Fund’s obligations to return the securities sold short may decrease in value while the short positions are outstanding, which may force the Fund to use its other assets to increase the collateral. Leverage can create an interest expense that may lower the Fund’s overall returns. Leverage presents the opportunity for increased net income and capital gains, but also exaggerates the Fund’s risk of loss. There can be no guarantee that a leveraging strategy will be successful.

Liquidity Risk Generally. Liquidity risk is the risk associated with a lack of marketability of investments which may make it difficult to sell the investment at a desirable time or price. The Fund may have to lower the selling price, sell other investments, or forego another, more appealing investment opportunity. Judgment plays a larger role in valuing these investments as compared to valuing more liquid investments.

Liquidity Risk/Municipal Securities. At times, market conditions could result in reduced liquidity for certain securities held by the Fund. The municipal securities market is an over-the-counter market, which means that the Fund purchases and sells investments through municipal bond dealers. The Fund’s ability to sell securities held in its portfolio is dependent on the willingness and ability of market participants to provide bids that reflect current market prices. Adverse market conditions could result in a lack of liquidity by reducing the number of ready buyers. Lower-rated securities may be less liquid than higher-rated securities. Certain derivative instruments in which the Fund may invest may also be subject to reduced liquidity, particularly under certain market conditions. Reduced liquidity may make it difficult or impossible to sell the security at a desirable time or price. The Fund may have to lower the selling price of its investment, sell other investments, or forego another, more appealing investment opportunity. Judgment plays a larger role in valuing these investments as compared to valuing more liquid investments.

Low and Below Investment Grade (High-Yield) Securities Risk. Securities with the lowest investment grade rating and securities rated below investment grade (commonly called “high-yield” or “junk” bonds) and unrated securities of comparable quality tend to be more sensitive to credit risk than higher-rated securities and may react more to perceived changes in the ability of the issuing entity or obligor to pay interest and principal when due than to changes in interest rates. These investments have greater price fluctuations and are more likely to experience a default than higher-rated securities. High-yield securities are considered to be predominantly speculative with respect to the issuer’s capacity to pay interest and repay principal. These securities typically pay a premium – a higher interest rate or yield – because of the increased risk of loss, including default. These securities may require a greater degree of judgment to establish a price, may be difficult to sell at the time and price the Fund desires, may carry high transaction costs, and also are generally less liquid than higher-rated securities. The securities ratings provided by third party rating agencies are based on analyses by these ratings agencies of the credit quality of the securities and may not take into account every risk related to whether interest or principal will be timely repaid. In adverse economic and other circumstances, issuers of lower-rated securities are more likely to have difficulty making principal and interest payments than issuers of higher-rated securities.

Market Risk. Market risk refers to the possibility that the market values of securities or other investments that the Fund holds will fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise. Security values may fall or fail to rise because of a variety of factors affecting (or the market’s perception of) individual companies (e.g., an unfavorable earnings report), industries or sectors, or the markets as a whole, reducing the value of an investment in the Fund. Accordingly, an investment in the Fund could lose money over short or even long periods. The market values of the securities the Fund holds also can be affected by changes or perceived changes in U.S. or foreign economies and financial markets, and the liquidity of these securities, among other factors. In general, equity securities tend to have greater price volatility than debt securities. In addition, common stock prices may be sensitive to rising interest rates, as the cost of capital rises and borrowing costs increase.

 

51


Master Limited Partnership Risk. Investments in securities (units) of master limited partnerships involve risks that differ from an investment in common stock. Holders of these units have more limited rights to vote on matters affecting the partnership. These units may be subject to cash flow and dilution risks. There are also certain tax risks associated with such an investment. In particular, the Fund’s investment in master limited partnerships can be limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify as a regulated investment company for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and can limit the Fund’s ability to so qualify. In addition, conflicts of interest may exist between common unit holders, subordinated unit holders and the general partner of a master limited partnership, including a conflict arising as a result of incentive distribution payments. In addition, there are risks related to the general partner’s right to require unit holders to sell their common units at an undesirable time or price.

Mid-Cap Company Risk. Securities of mid-capitalization companies (mid-cap companies) can, in certain circumstances, have more risk than securities of larger capitalization companies (larger companies). For example, mid-cap companies may be more vulnerable to market downturns and adverse business or economic events than larger companies because they may have more limited financial resources and business operations. Mid-cap companies are also more likely than larger companies to have more limited product lines and operating histories and to depend on smaller management teams. Securities of mid-cap companies may trade less frequently and in smaller volumes and may be less liquid and fluctuate more sharply in value than securities of larger companies. When the Fund takes significant positions in mid-cap companies with limited trading volumes, the liquidation of those positions, particularly in a distressed market, could be difficult and result in Fund investment losses. In addition, some mid-cap companies may not be widely followed by the investment community, which can lower the demand for their stocks.

Money Market Fund Investment Risk. An investment in a money market fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by any bank, the FDIC or any other government agency. Although money market funds seek to preserve the value of investments at $1.00 per share, it is possible for the Fund to lose money by investing in money market funds. In addition to the fees and expenses that the Fund directly bears, the Fund indirectly bears the fees and expenses of any money market funds in which it invests, including affiliated money market funds. To the extent these fees and expenses are expected to equal or exceed 0.01% of the Fund’s average daily net assets, they will be reflected in the Annual Fund Operating Expenses set forth in the table under “Fees and Expenses of the Fund.” By investing in a money market fund, the Fund will be exposed to the investment risks of the money market fund in direct proportion to such investment. The money market fund may not achieve its investment objective. The Fund, through its investment in the money market fund, may not achieve its investment objective. To the extent the Fund invests in instruments such as derivatives, the Fund may hold investments, which may be significant, in money market fund shares to cover its obligations resulting from the Fund’s investments in derivatives.

Mortgage- and Other Asset-Backed Securities Risk. The value of the Fund’s mortgage-backed and other asset-backed securities may be affected by, among other things, changes or perceived changes in: interest rates, factors concerning the interests in and structure of the issuer or the originator of the mortgages or other assets, the creditworthiness of the entities that provide any supporting letters of credit, surety bonds or other credit enhancements, or the market’s assessment of the quality of underlying assets. Mortgage-backed securities represent interests in, or are backed by, pools of mortgages from which payments of interest and principal (net of fees paid to the issuer or guarantor of the securities) are distributed to the holders of the mortgage-backed securities. Mortgage-backed securities can have a fixed or an adjustable rate. Payment of principal and interest on some mortgage-backed securities (but not the market value of the securities themselves) may be guaranteed (i) by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government (in the case of securities guaranteed by the Government National Mortgage Association) or (ii) by its agencies, authorities, enterprises or instrumentalities (in the case of securities guaranteed by the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA) or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC)), which are not insured or guaranteed by the U.S. Government (although FNMA and FHLMC may be able to access capital from the U.S. Treasury to meet their obligations under such securities). Mortgage-backed securities issued by non-governmental issuers (such as commercial banks, savings and loan institutions, private mortgage insurance companies, mortgage bankers and other secondary market issuers) may be supported by various credit enhancements, such as pool insurance, guarantees issued by governmental entities, letters of credit from a bank or senior/subordinated structures, and may entail greater risk than obligations guaranteed by the U.S. Government, whether or not such obligations are guaranteed by the private issuer. Mortgage-backed securities are subject to prepayment risk, which is the possibility that the underlying mortgage may be refinanced or prepaid prior to maturity during periods of declining or low interest rates, causing the Fund to have to reinvest the money received in securities that have lower yields. In addition, the impact of prepayments on the value of mortgage-backed securities may be difficult to predict and may result in greater volatility. Rising or high interest rates tend to extend the duration of mortgage-backed securities, making them more volatile and more sensitive to changes in interest rates.

Multi-Adviser Risk. Where a Fund has multiple subadvisers (as the case may be), each subadviser makes investment decisions independently from the other subadviser(s). It is possible that the security selection process of one subadviser will not complement or may conflict or even contradict that of the other subadviser(s), including makings off-setting trades that have no net effect to the Fund, but which may increase Fund expenses. As a result, the Fund’s exposure to a given security, industry, sector or market capitalization could be smaller or larger than if the Fund were managed by a single subadviser, which could affect the Fund’s performance.

 

52


Municipal Securities Risk. Municipal securities are debt obligations generally issued to obtain funds for various public purposes, including general financing for state and local governments, or financing for a specific project or public facility. Municipal securities can be significantly affected by political and legislative changes at the state or federal level. Municipal securities may be fully or partially backed by the taxing authority of the local government, by the credit of a private issuer, by the current or anticipated revenues from a specific project or specific assets or by domestic or foreign entities providing credit support, such as letters of credit, guarantees or insurance, and are generally classified into general obligation bonds and special revenue obligations. General obligation bonds are backed by an issuer’s taxing authority and may be vulnerable to limits on a government’s power or ability to raise revenue or increase taxes. They may also depend for payment on legislative appropriation and/or funding or other support from other governmental bodies. Revenue obligations are payable from revenues generated by a particular project or other revenue source, and are typically subject to greater risk of default than general obligation bonds because investors can look only to the revenue generated by the project or other revenue source backing the project, rather than to the general taxing authority of the state or local government issuer of the obligations. Because many municipal securities are issued to finance projects in sectors such as education, health care, transportation and utilities, conditions in those sectors can affect the overall municipal market. Municipal securities generally pay interest that, in the opinion of bond counsel, is free from U.S. federal income tax (and, in some cases, the federal alternative minimum tax). There is no assurance that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will agree with this opinion. In the event the IRS determines that the issuer does not comply with relevant tax requirements, interest payments from a security could become federally taxable, possibly retroactively to the date the security was issued, and the value of the security would likely fall. As a shareholder of the Fund, you may be required to file an amended tax return and pay additional taxes as a result. The amount of publicly available information for municipal issuers is generally less than for corporate issuers.

Municipal Securities Risk/Health Care Sector Risk. The Fund’s investments in municipal securities may include securities of issuers in the health care sector, which subjects the Fund’s investments to the risks associated with that sector, including the risk of regulatory action or policy changes by numerous governmental agencies and bodies, including federal, state, and local governmental agencies, as well as requirements imposed by private entities, such as insurance companies. A major source of revenue for the health care industry is payments from the Medicare and Medicaid programs. As a result, the industry is sensitive to legislative changes and reductions in governmental spending for such programs. Numerous other factors may affect the industry, such as general and local economic conditions, demand for services, expenses (including, among others, malpractice insurance premiums) and competition among health care providers. Additional factors also may adversely affect health care facility operations, such as adoption of legislation proposing a national health insurance program, other state or local health care reform measures, medical and technological advances that alter the need for or cost of health services or the way in which such services are delivered, changes in medical coverage that alter the traditional fee-for-service revenue stream, and efforts by employers, insurers, and governmental agencies to reduce the costs of health insurance and health care services.

Non-Diversified Fund Risk. A Fund that is non-diversified may invest a greater percentage of its total assets in the securities of fewer issuers than a “diversified” fund. This increases the risk that a change in the value of any one investment held by the Fund could affect the overall value of the Fund more than it would affect that of a diversified fund holding a greater number of investments. Accordingly, the Fund’s value will likely be more volatile than the value of a more diversified fund.

Pacific/Asia Region Risk. A number of countries in the Pacific/Asia region are considered underdeveloped or developing, including from a political, economic and/or social perspective, and may have relatively unstable governments and economies based on limited business, industries and/or natural resources or commodities. Events in any one country within the region may impact other countries in the region or the region as a whole. As a result, events in the region will generally have a greater effect on the Fund than if the Fund were more geographically diversified in areas with more developed countries and economies. This could result in increased volatility and losses within the Fund. Continued growth of economies and securities markets in the region will require sustained economic and fiscal discipline, as well as continued commitment to governmental and regulatory reforms. Development also may be influenced by international economic conditions, including those in the United States and Japan, and by world demand for goods or natural resources produced in countries in the Pacific/Asia region. Securities markets in the region are generally smaller and have a lower trading volume than those in the United States, which may result in the securities of some companies in the region being less liquid than U.S. or other foreign securities. Some currencies, inflation rates or interest rates in the Pacific/Asia region are or can be volatile, and some countries in the region may restrict the flow of money in and out of the country. The risks described under “Emerging Market Securities Risk” and “Foreign Securities Risk” may be more pronounced due to concentration of the Fund’s investments in the region.

Preferred Stock Risk. Preferred stock is a type of stock that pays dividends at a specified rate and that has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets. Preferred stock does not ordinarily carry voting rights. The price of a preferred stock is generally determined by earnings, type of products or services, projected growth rates, experience of management, liquidity, and general market conditions of the markets on which the stock trades. The most significant risks associated with investments in preferred stock include Issuer Risk and Market Risk.

 

53


Prepayment and Extension Risk. Prepayment and extension risk is the risk that a loan, bond or other security or investment might be called or otherwise converted, prepaid or redeemed before maturity. This risk is primarily associated with asset-backed securities, including mortgage-backed securities and floating rate loans. If the investment is converted, prepaid or redeemed before maturity, particularly during a time of declining interest rates or spreads, the portfolio managers may not be able to invest the proceeds in other investments providing as high a level of income, resulting in a reduced yield to the Fund. Conversely, as interest rates rise or spreads widen, the likelihood of prepayment decreases and the maturity of the investment may extend. The portfolio managers may be unable to capitalize on securities with higher interest rates or wider spreads because the Fund’s investments are locked in at a lower rate for a longer period of time.

Quantitative Model Risk. For Funds that use quantitative methods to select investments, securities or other investments selected using quantitative methods may perform differently from the market as a whole or from their expected performance for many reasons, including factors used in building the quantitative analytical framework, the weights placed on each factor, and changing sources of market returns, among others. Any errors or imperfections in the Fund portfolio manager’s quantitative analyses or models, or in the data on which they are based, could adversely affect the ability of the Investment Manager or a sub-adviser to use such analyses or models effectively, which in turn could adversely affect the Fund’s performance. There can be no assurance that these methodologies will help the Fund to achieve its objective.

Real Estate-related Investment Risk. Investment in real estate investment trusts (REITs) and in securities of other companies (wherever organized) principally engaged in the real estate industry subjects the Fund, among other risks, risks similar to those of direct investments in real estate and the real estate industry in general, including risks related to general and local economic conditions, possible lack of availability of financing and changes in interest rates or property values. REITs are entities that either own properties or make construction or mortgage loans, and also may include operating or finance companies. The value of REIT shares is affected by, among other factors, changes in the value of the underlying properties owned by the REIT, by changes in the prospect for earnings and/or cash flow growth of the REIT itself, defaults by borrowers or tenants, market saturation, decreases in market rates for rents, and other economic, political, or regulatory matters affecting the real estate industry, including REITs. REITs and similar non-U.S. entities depend upon specialized management skills, may have limited financial resources, may have less trading volume in their securities, and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than the overall securities markets. REITs are also subject to the risk of failing to qualify for tax-free pass-through of income. Some REITs (especially mortgage REITs) are affected by risks similar to those associated with investments in debt securities including changes in interest rates and the quality of credit extended. Because the value of REITs and other real estate-related companies may [fluctuate widely in response to changes in factors affecting the real estate markets, the value of an investment in the Fund may be more volatile than the value of an investment in a fund that is invested in a more diverse range of market sectors.]

Regulatory Risk. Changes in government regulations may adversely affect the value of a security held by the Fund. In addition, the SEC has adopted amendments to money market regulation, imposing liquidity, credit quality, and maturity requirements on all money market funds. These changes may result in reduced yields for money market funds, including the Fund. The SEC or the Congress may adopt additional changes to money market regulation, which may impact the operation or performance of the Fund.

Reinvestment Risk. Reinvestment risk is the risk that the Fund will not be able to reinvest income or principal at the same return it is currently earning.

Repurchase Agreements Risk. Repurchase agreements are agreements in which the seller of a security to the Fund agrees to repurchase that security from the Fund at a mutually agreed upon price and time. Repurchase agreements carry the risk that the counterparty may not fulfill its obligations under the agreement. This could cause the Fund’s income and the value of your investment in the Fund to decline.

Reverse Repurchase Agreements Risk. Reverse repurchase agreements are agreements in which a Fund sells a security to a counterparty, such as a bank or broker-dealer, in return for cash and agrees to repurchase that security at a mutually agreed upon price and time. Reverse repurchase agreements carry the risk that the market value of the security sold by the Fund may decline below the price at which the Fund must repurchase the security. Reverse repurchase agreements also may be viewed as a form of borrowing.

Risk of Investing in Wholly Owned Subsidiary. By investing in one or more wholly owned subsidiaries organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands (Subsidiary), the Fund is indirectly exposed to the risks associated with the Subsidiary’s investments. The Subsidiary is subject to the same Principal Risk that the Fund is subject to (which are described in that Fund’s prospectus). There can be no assurance that the investment objective of the Subsidiary will be achieved. The Subsidiary is not registered under the 1940 Act and, except as otherwise noted in the Fund’s prospectus, is not subject to the investor protections of the 1940 Act. However, the Fund wholly owns and controls the Subsidiary, and the Fund and the Subsidiary are both managed by Columbia Management and subadvised by the Fund’s subadviser(s), making it unlikely that the Subsidiary will take action contrary to the interests of the Fund

 

54


and its shareholders. The Fund’s Board of Trustees has oversight responsibility for the investment activities of the Fund, including its investment in the Subsidiary, and the Fund’s role as sole shareholder of the Subsidiary. In managing the Subsidiary’s investment portfolio, Columbia Management will manage the Subsidiary’s portfolio in accordance with the Fund’s investment policies and restrictions. Changes in the laws of the United States and/or the Cayman Islands, under which the Fund and the Subsidiary, respectively, are organized, could result in the inability of the Fund and/or the Subsidiary to operate as described in the Fund’s prospectus and this SAI and could adversely affect the Fund and its shareholders. For example, the Cayman Islands currently does not impose any income, corporate or capital gains tax, estate duty, inheritance tax, gift tax or withholding tax on the Subsidiary. If Cayman Islands law were changed and the Subsidiary was required to pay Cayman Island taxes, the investment returns of the Fund would likely decrease.

Rule 144A Securities Risk. The Fund may invest significantly in privately placed securities that have not been registered for sale under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Rule 144A (Rule 144A securities) that are determined to be liquid in accordance with procedures adopted by the Fund’s Board. However, an insufficient number of qualified institutional buyers interested in purchasing Rule 144A securities at a particular time could affect adversely the marketability of such securities and the Fund might be unable to dispose of such securities promptly or at reasonable prices. Accordingly, even if determined to be liquid, the Fund’s holdings of Rule 144A securities may increase the level of Fund illiquidity if eligible buyers become uninterested in buying them at a particular time. The Fund may also have to bear the expense of registering the securities for resale and the risk of substantial delays in effecting the registration. Additionally, the purchase price and subsequent valuation of restricted and illiquid securities normally reflect a discount, which may be significant, from the market price of comparable securities for which a liquid market exists.

Secondary Market Trading Risk. Investors buying or selling shares in the secondary market will pay brokerage commissions or other charges imposed by brokers as determined by that broker. Brokerage commissions are often a fixed amount and may be a significant proportional cost for investors seeking to buy or sell relatively small amounts of shares. In addition, secondary market investors will also incur the cost of the difference between the price that an investor is willing to pay for shares (the bid price) and the price at which an investor is willing to sell shares (the ask price). This difference in bid and ask prices is often referred to as the “spread” or “bid/ask spread.” The bid/ask spread varies over time for shares based on trading volume and market liquidity, and is generally lower if the Fund’s shares have more trading volume and market liquidity and higher if the Fund’s shares have little trading volume and market liquidity. Further, increased market volatility may cause increased bid/ask spreads.

Sector Risk. At times, the Fund may have a significant portion of its assets invested in securities of companies conducting business in a related group of industries within an economic sector. Companies in the same economic sector may be similarly affected by economic, regulatory, political or market events or conditions, making the Fund more vulnerable to unfavorable developments in that economic sector than funds that invest more broadly. The more a fund diversifies its investments, the more it spreads risk and potentially reduces the risks of loss and volatility.

Short Positions Risk. The Fund may establish short positions which introduce more risk to the Fund than long positions (where the Fund owns the instrument) because the maximum sustainable loss on an instrument purchased (held long) is limited to the amount paid for the instrument plus the transaction costs, whereas there is no maximum price of the shorted instrument when purchased in the open market. Therefore, in theory, short positions have unlimited risk. The Fund’s use of short positions in effect “leverages” the Fund. Leverage potentially exposes the Fund to greater risks of loss due to unanticipated market movements, which may magnify losses and increase the volatility of returns. To the extent the Fund takes a short position in a derivative instrument, this involves the risk of a potentially unlimited increase in the value of the underlying instrument.

Small- and Mid-Cap Company Securities Risk. Securities of small- and mid-capitalization companies (small- and mid-cap companies) can, in certain circumstances, have a higher potential for gains than securities of larger companies but may also have more risk. For example, small- and mid-cap companies may be more vulnerable to market downturns and adverse business or economic events than larger, more established companies (larger companies) because they may have more limited financial resources and business operations. Small- and mid-cap companies are also more likely than larger companies to have more limited product lines and operating histories and to depend on smaller management teams. Securities of small- and mid-cap companies may trade less frequently and in smaller volumes and may be less liquid and fluctuate more sharply in value than securities of larger companies. In cases where the Fund takes significant positions in small- and mid-cap companies with limited trading volumes, the liquidation of those positions, particularly in a distressed market, could be prolonged and result in investment losses. In addition, some small- and mid-cap companies may not be widely followed by the investment community, which can lower the demand for their stocks.

Small Company Securities Risk. Securities of small-capitalization companies (small-cap companies) can, in certain circumstances, have a higher potential for gains than securities of larger-capitalization companies (larger companies) but may also have more risk. For example, small-cap companies may be more vulnerable to market downturns and adverse business or economic events than larger companies because they may have more limited financial resources and business operations. Small-cap companies are also more

 

55


likely than larger companies to have more limited product lines and operating histories and to depend on smaller management teams. Securities of small-cap companies may trade less frequently and in smaller volumes and may be less liquid and fluctuate more sharply in value than securities of larger companies. When the Fund takes significant positions in small-cap companies with limited trading volumes, the liquidation of those positions, particularly in a distressed market, could be prolonged and result in Fund investment losses. In addition, some small-cap companies may not be widely followed by the investment community, which can lower the demand for their stocks.

Sovereign Debt Risk. A sovereign debtor’s willingness or ability to repay principal and pay interest in a timely manner may be affected by a variety of factors, including its cash flow situation, the extent of its reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange on the date a payment is due, the relative size of the debt service burden to the economy as a whole, the sovereign debtor’s policy toward international lenders, and the political constraints to which a sovereign debtor may be subject.

With respect to sovereign debt of emerging market issuers, investors should be aware that certain emerging market countries are among the largest debtors to commercial banks and foreign governments. At times, certain emerging market countries have declared moratoria on the payment of principal and interest on external debt. Certain emerging market countries have experienced difficulty in servicing their sovereign debt on a timely basis and that has led to defaults and the restructuring of certain indebtedness to the detriment of debt holders. Sovereign debt risk is increased for emerging market issuers.

Special Situations Risk. Securities of companies that are involved in an initial public offering or a major corporate event, such as a business consolidation or restructuring, may present special risk because of the high degree of uncertainty that can be associated with such events. Securities issued in initial public offerings often are issued by companies that are in the early stages of development, have a history of little or no revenues and may operate at a loss following the offering. It is possible that there will be no active trading market for the securities after the offering, and that the market price of the securities may be subject to significant and unpredictable fluctuations. Investing in special situations may have a magnified effect on the performance of funds with small amounts of assets.

State-Specific Municipal Securities Risk. Securities issued by a particular state and its instrumentalities are subject to the risk of unfavorable developments in such state. Because the Fund may invest without limit in municipal securities of issuers in any state, the value of Fund shares may be more volatile than the value of shares of funds that limit their investments in municipal securities of issuers in any one state, as unfavorable developments have the potential to impact more significantly the Fund than funds that limit their investments in municipal securities of any one state. A municipal security can be significantly affected by adverse tax, legislative, regulatory, demographic or political changes as well as changes in the state’s financial, economic or other condition and prospects. The SAI provides greater detail about risks specific to the municipal securities in which the Fund invests, which investors should carefully consider.

Stripped Securities Risk. Stripped securities are the separate income or principal components of debt securities. These securities are particularly sensitive to changes in interest rates, and therefore subject to greater fluctuations in price than typical interest bearing debt securities. For example, stripped mortgage-backed securities have greater interest rate risk than mortgage-backed securities with like maturities, and stripped treasury securities have greater interest rate risk than traditional government securities with identical credit ratings.

Tax Risk related to Forward Foreign Currency Contracts. As a regulated investment company (RIC), the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from sources treated as “qualifying income” under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The Fund may gain exposure to local currency markets through forward currency contracts. Although foreign currency gains currently constitute “qualifying income,” the Treasury Department has the authority to issue regulations excluding from the definition of “qualifying income” a RIC’s foreign currency gains not “directly related” to its “principal business” of investing in stock or securities (or options and futures with respect thereto). Such regulations might treat gains from some of the Fund’s foreign currency-denominated positions as not qualifying income and there is a remote possibility that such regulations might be applied retroactively, in which case, the Fund might not qualify as a RIC for one or more years. In the event the Treasury Department issues such regulations, the Fund’s Board of Trustees may authorize a significant change in investment strategy or the Fund’s liquidation.

Tax Risk related to Commodities Investments. As a regulated investment company, the Fund must derive at least 90% of its gross income for each taxable year from sources treated as “qualifying income” under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The Fund generally intends to gain exposure to the commodities markets through investments that give rise to qualifying income, by investing directly in commodity-linked instruments that the Fund believes give rise to qualifying income, or indirectly through its investments in the Subsidiary, which, in turn, would invest in commodities or commodity-linked instruments. The Subsidiary intends to operate in such a manner that the 90% gross income requirement in respect of the Fund is satisfied. The Fund must also meet certain asset diversification requirements in order to qualify as a regulated investment company, including investing no more than 25% of its total assets in the Subsidiary as of the end of each quarter of its taxable year. If the Fund does not appropriately limit its commodity-linked investments, including its investments in the Subsidiary, or if such investments are re-characterized for U.S. federal

 

56


income tax purposes, the Fund may be unable to qualify as a regulated investment company for one or more years, which would adversely affect the value of the Fund and the favorable tax treatment of Contracts funded by the Fund. In this event, the Fund’s Board of Trustees may authorize a significant change in investment strategy or the Fund’s liquidation.

Technology and Technology-Related Investment Risk. Companies in the technology sector and technology-related sectors are subject to significant competitive pressures, such as aggressive pricing of their products or services, new market entrants, competition for market share, short product cycles due to an accelerated rate of technological developments and the potential for limited earnings and/or falling profit margins. These companies also face the risks that new services, equipment or technologies will not be accepted by consumers and businesses or will become rapidly obsolete. These factors can affect the profitability of these companies and, as a result, the value of their securities. Also, patent protection is integral to the success of many companies in these sectors, and profitability can be affected materially by, among other things, the cost of obtaining (or failing to obtain) patent approvals, the cost of litigating patent infringement and the loss of patent protection for products (which significantly increases pricing pressures and can materially reduce profitability with respect to such products). In addition, many technology companies have limited operating histories. Prices of these companies’ securities historically have been more volatile than other securities, especially over the short term. Because the Fund invests a significant portion of its net assets in the equity securities of technology companies, the Fund’s price may be more volatile than a fund that is invested in a more diverse range of market sectors.

Trading Discount to NAV Risk. The Fund’s shares may trade above or below their NAV. The NAV of the Fund will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of shares, however, will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of, and demand for, shares on the Exchange. The trading price of shares may deviate significantly from NAV. The Investment Manager cannot predict whether shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the securities held by the Fund. However, given that shares can be purchased and redeemed in large blocks of shares, called Creation Units (defined below) (unlike shares of closed-end funds, which frequently trade at appreciable discounts from, and sometimes at premiums to, their NAV), and the Fund’s portfolio holdings are fully disclosed on a daily basis, the Investment Manager believes that large discounts or premiums to the NAV of shares should not be sustained, but that may not be the case.

Trading Risk. Although the Shares are listed on the Exchange, there can be no assurance that an active or liquid trading market for them will develop or be maintained. In addition, trading in Shares on the Exchange may be halted due to market conditions or for reasons that, in the view of the Exchange, make trading in Shares inadvisable. Further, trading in Shares on the Exchange is subject to trading halts caused by extraordinary market volatility pursuant to the Exchange “circuit breaker” rules. There can be no assurance that the requirements of the Exchange necessary to maintain the listing of the Fund will continue to be met or will remain unchanged.

U.S. Government Obligations Risk. While U.S. Treasury obligations are backed by the “full faith and credit” of the U.S. Government, such securities are nonetheless subject to credit risk (i.e., the risk that the U.S. Government may be, or may be perceived to be, unable or unwilling to honor its financial obligations, such as making payments). Securities issued or guaranteed by federal agencies or authorities and U.S. Government-sponsored instrumentalities or enterprises may or may not be backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. For example, securities issued by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Banks are neither insured nor guaranteed by the U.S. Government. These securities may be supported by the ability to borrow from the U.S. Treasury or only by the credit of the issuing agency, authority, instrumentality or enterprise and, as a result, are subject to greater credit risk than securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury. Securities guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under its Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP) are subject to certain risks, including whether such securities will continue to trade in line with recent experience in relation to treasury and government agency securities in terms of yield spread and the volatility of such spread, as well as uncertainty as to how such securities will trade in the secondary market and whether that market will be liquid or illiquid. The TLGP is subject to change. See the SAI for additional information about investments in U.S. Government and related obligations.

Value Securities Risk. Value securities are securities of companies that may have experienced, for example, adverse business, industry or other developments or may be subject to special risks that have caused the securities to be out of favor and, in turn, potentially undervalued. The market value of a portfolio security may not meet the Fund portfolio manager’s perceived value assessment of that security, or may decline in price, even though the Fund portfolio manager(s) believe the securities are already undervalued. There is also a risk that it may take longer than expected for the value of these investments to rise to the portfolio manager’s perceived value. In addition, value securities, at times, may not perform as well as growth securities or the stock market in general, and may be out of favor with investors for varying periods of time.

Zero-Coupon Bonds Risk. Zero-coupon bonds are bonds that do not pay interest in cash on a current basis, but instead accrue interest over the life of the bond. As a result, these securities are issued at a discount and their values may fluctuate more than the values of

 

57


similar securities that pay interest periodically. Although these securities pay no interest to holders prior to maturity, interest accrued on these securities is reported as income to the Fund and affects the amounts distributed to its shareholders, which may cause the Fund to sell investments to obtain cash to make income distributions to shareholders, including at times when it may not be advantageous to do so.

Borrowings

Each Fund has a fundamental policy with respect to borrowing that can be found under the heading About the Funds’ Investments — Fundamental and Non-Fundamental Investment Policies. Specifically, each Fund may not borrow money or issue senior securities except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, the rules and regulations thereunder and any exemptive relief obtained by the Funds. In general, pursuant to the 1940 Act, a Fund may borrow money only from banks in an amount not exceeding 33 1/3% of its total assets (including the amount borrowed) less liabilities (other than borrowings). Any borrowings that come to exceed this amount must be reduced within three days (not including Sundays and holidays) to the extent necessary to comply with the 33 1/3% limitation.

[The Funds participate in a committed line of credit (Line of Credit). Any advance under the Line of Credit is contemplated primarily for temporary or emergency purposes.]

Lending of Portfolio Securities

Certain Funds may make secured loans of their portfolio securities, however, securities loans will not be made if, as a result, the aggregate amount of all outstanding securities loans by a Fund exceeds 33 1/3% of its total assets (including the market value of collateral received). For purposes of complying with a Fund’s investment policies and restrictions, collateral received in connection with securities loans is deemed an asset of the Fund to the extent required by law. A Fund continues to receive dividends or interest, as applicable, on the securities loaned and simultaneously earns either interest on the investment of the cash collateral or fee income if the loan is otherwise collateralized.

To the extent a Fund engages in securities lending, securities loans will be made to broker-dealers that the Investment Manager believes to be of relatively high credit standing pursuant to agreements requiring that the loans continuously be collateralized by cash, liquid securities, or shares of other investment companies with a value at least equal to the market value of the loaned securities. As with other extensions of credit, the Fund bears the risk of delay in the recovery of the securities and of loss of rights in the collateral should the borrower fail financially. The Fund also bears the risk that the value of investments made with collateral may decline.

Voting rights or rights to consent with respect to the loaned securities pass to the borrower. A Fund has the right to call loans at any time on reasonable notice. However, the Fund bears the risk of delay in the return of the security, impairing the Fund’s ability to vote on such matters. The Investment Manager will retain lending agents on behalf of the Funds that are compensated based on a percentage of the Fund’s return on its securities lending. A Fund may also pay various fees in connection with securities loans, including shipping fees and custodian fees.

INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT AND OTHER SERVICES

The Investment Manager and Investment Advisory Services

Columbia Management Investment Advisers, LLC is the investment adviser of the Funds. Columbia Management also serves as the investment adviser and administrator of other funds in the Columbia Fund Family. The Investment Manager is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ameriprise Financial. Ameriprise Financial is located at 1099 Ameriprise Financial Center, Minneapolis, MN 55474. The Investment Manager is located at 225 Franklin Street, Boston, MA 02110.

Services Provided

Under the Investment Management Services Agreement, the Investment Manager has contracted to furnish each Fund with investment research and advice. For these services, unless otherwise noted, each Fund pays a monthly fee to the Investment Manager based on the average of the daily closing value of the total net assets of a Fund for such month. Under the Investment Management Services Agreement, any liability of the Investment Manager to the Trust, a Fund and/or its shareholders is limited to situations involving the Investment Manager’s own willful misfeasance, bad faith, negligence in the performance of its duties or reckless disregard of its obligations and duties. Neither the Investment Manager, nor any of its respective directors, officers, partners, principals, employees, or agents shall be liable for any acts or omissions or for any losses suffered by a Fund or its shareholders or creditors.

 

58


The Investment Management Services Agreement may be terminated with respect to a Fund at any time on 60 days’ written notice by the Investment Manager or by the Trustees of the Trust or by a vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of a Fund. The Investment Management Services Agreement will automatically terminate upon any assignment thereof, will continue in effect for two years from its initial effective date and thereafter will continue from year to year with respect to a Fund only so long as such continuance is approved at least annually (i) by the Trustees of the Trust or by a vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of a Fund and (ii) by vote of a majority of the Trustees who are not interested persons (as such term is defined in the 1940 Act) of the Investment Manager or the Trust, cast in person at a meeting called for the purpose of voting on such approval.

The Investment Manager pays all compensation of the Trustees and officers of the Trust who are employees of the Investment Manager or its affiliates, except for the Chief Compliance Officer, a portion of whose salary is paid by the Columbia Funds. Except to the extent expressly assumed by the Investment Manager and except to the extent required by law to be paid or reimbursed by the Investment Manager, the Investment Manager does not have a duty to pay any Fund operating expense incurred in the organization and operation of a Fund, including, but not limited to, auditing, legal, custodial, investor servicing and shareholder reporting expenses. The Trust pays the cost of printing and mailing Fund prospectuses to shareholders.

The Investment Manager, at its own expense, provides office space, facilities and supplies, equipment and personnel for the performance of its functions under each Fund’s Investment Management Services Agreement.

Advisory Fee Rates Paid by the Funds

Each Fund, unless otherwise noted, pays the Investment Manager an annual fee for its investment advisory services, as set forth in the Investment Management Services Agreement, and as shown in the section entitled Fees and Expenses of the Fund Annual Fund Operating Expenses in each Fund’s prospectuses. The fee is calculated as a percentage of the average daily net assets of each Fund and is paid monthly. The Investment Manager and/or its affiliates may, from time to time, at its/their own expense from its/their own resources, compensate purchasers of Creation Units and other financial institutions for administrative or marketing services. The Investment Manager and/or its affiliates may from time to time waive fees and/or reimburse a Fund’s expenses. See the Funds’ prospectuses for information.

The Investment Manager [will receive] a monthly investment advisory fee based on each Fund’s average daily net assets at the following annual rates:

[FEE RATE TABLES TO BE INSERTED]

Advisory Fees Paid by the Funds

The Investment Manager will receive fees from the Funds for its services and in the future will report advisory fees paid to and, as applicable, waived/reimbursed by the Investment Manager, for the three most recently completed fiscal years, as applicable.

The Funds have not yet begun operations and, therefore, do not have any fees to report.

Portfolio Manager(s) [I gave Ryan this comment to the SAI template also, since the names are listed again in the below table with the account details, this is just duplicative information and takes up more space.]

The following table provides information about each Fund’s portfolio manager(s) who are responsible for making the day-to-day investment decisions for the Funds, as described in the Primary Service Providers section of each Fund’s prospectus, as of [            ], including the number and amount of assets of other investment accounts (or portions of investment accounts) that the portfolio manager(s) managed.

 

59


          Other Accounts Managed (excluding the Fund)         

Fund

   Portfolio Manager    Number and Type
of Account*
   Approximate
Total Net
Assets
   Performance
Based Accounts
   Dollar
Range of
Equity
Securities
in the Fund
Beneficially
Owned
  Structure of
Compensation
(described in
next
sub-section)

Emerging Markets Bond ETF

   Nicholas Pifer    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Jim Carlen    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()

International Equity ETF

   Colin Moore    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Fred Copper    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()

Limited Duration Credit ETF

   Tom Murphy    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Timothy J. Doubek    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()
   Royce Wilson    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()

Short Term Bond ETF

   Leonard A. Aplet    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Gregory S. Liechty    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()
   Ronald B. Stahl    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()

Small/Mid Cap Value ETF

   Jarl Ginsberg    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Christian K.
Stadlinger
   [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Lori J. Ensinger    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   David Hoffman    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()

 

60


U.S. Government Mortgage ETF

   Jason J. Callan    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]   ()
   Tom Heuer    [__] RIC

[__] PIVs

[__] other accounts

   $[__] million

$[__] million

   [__]    [__]a

[__]b

  ()

 

* RIC refers to a Registered Investment Company; PIV refers to a Pooled Investment Vehicle.
a 

Excludes any notional investments.

b 

Notional investments through a deferred compensation account.

Structure of Compensation

For other than Mr. Moore, as of the funds’ most recent fiscal year end, the portfolio managers received all of their compensation in the form of salary, bonus, stock options, restricted stock, and notional investments through an incentive plan, the value of which is measured by reference to the performance of the funds in which the account is invested. A portfolio manager’s bonus is variable and generally is based on (1) an evaluation of the portfolio manager’s investment performance and (2) the results of a peer and/or management review of the portfolio manager, which takes into account skills and attributes such as team participation, investment process, communication and professionalism. In evaluating investment performance, the investment manager generally considers the one, three and five year performance of mutual funds and other accounts managed by the portfolio manager relative to the benchmarks and peer groups, emphasizing the portfolio manager’s three and five year performance. The investment manager also may consider a portfolio manager’s performance in managing client assets in sectors and industries assigned to the portfolio manager as part of his/her investment team responsibilities, where applicable. For portfolio managers who also have group management responsibilities, another factor in their evaluation is an assessment of the group’s overall investment performance.

The size of the overall bonus pool each year depends on, among other factors, the levels of compensation generally in the investment management industry (based on market compensation data) and the investment manager’s profitability for the year, which is largely determined by assets under management

With respect to Mr. Moore, his compensation consists of (i) a base salary, (ii) an annual cash bonus, and (iii) equity incentive awards in the form of stock options and/or restricted stock. The annual cash bonus is based on management’s assessment of the employee’s performance relative to individual and business unit goals and objectives which, may be based, in part, on achieving certain investment performance goals and retaining and attracting assets under management. In addition, subject to certain vesting requirements, the compensation includes an annual award based on the performance of Ameriprise Financial over rolling three-year

The Investment Manager’s Portfolio Managers and Potential Conflicts of Interest

Like other investment professionals with multiple clients, a Fund’s portfolio manager(s) may face certain potential conflicts of interest in connection with managing both the Fund and other accounts at the same time. The Investment Manager and the Funds have adopted compliance policies and procedures that attempt to address certain of the potential conflicts that portfolio managers face in this regard. Certain of these conflicts of interest are summarized below.

The management of accounts with different advisory fee rates and/or fee structures, including accounts that pay advisory fees based on account performance (performance fee accounts), may raise potential conflicts of interest for a portfolio manager by creating an incentive to favor higher fee accounts.

Potential conflicts of interest also may arise when a portfolio manager has personal investments in other accounts that may create an incentive to favor those accounts. As a general matter and subject to the Investment Manager’s Code of Ethics and certain limited exceptions, the Investment Manager’s investment professionals do not have the opportunity to invest in client accounts, other than the Funds. A portfolio manager who is responsible for managing multiple funds and/or accounts may devote unequal time and attention to the management of those funds and/or accounts. The effects of this potential conflict may be more pronounced where funds and/or accounts managed by a particular portfolio manager have different investment strategies.

 

61


A portfolio manager may be able to select or influence the selection of the broker-dealers that are used to execute securities transactions for the Funds. A portfolio manager’s decision as to the selection of broker-dealers could produce disproportionate costs and benefits among the Funds and the other accounts the portfolio manager manages.

A potential conflict of interest may arise when a portfolio manager buys or sells the same securities for a Fund and other accounts. On occasions when a portfolio manager considers the purchase or sale of a security to be in the best interests of a Fund as well as other accounts, the Investment Manager’s trading desk may, to the extent consistent with applicable laws and regulations, aggregate the securities to be sold or bought in order to obtain the best execution and lower brokerage commissions, if any. Aggregation may reduce commissions or market impact on a per-share or per-dollar basis, although aggregation may have the opposite effect. There may be times when not enough securities are received to fill an aggregated order, including in an initial public offering involving multiple accounts. Thus, aggregation of trades may create the potential for unfairness to a Fund or another account if a portfolio manager favors one account over another in allocating the securities bought or sold.

“Cross trades,” in which a portfolio manager sells a particular security held by a Fund to another account (potentially saving transaction costs for both accounts), could involve a potential conflict of interest if, for example, a portfolio manager is permitted to sell a security from one account to another account at a higher price than an independent third party would pay. The Investment Manager and the Funds have adopted compliance procedures that provide that any transactions between the Fund and another account managed by the Investment Manager are to be made at a current market price, without the payment of any commission, consistent with applicable laws and regulations.

Another potential conflict of interest may arise based on the different investment objectives and strategies of a Fund and other accounts managed by its portfolio manager(s). Depending on another account’s objectives and other factors, a portfolio manager may give advice to and make decisions for a Fund that may differ from advice given, or the timing or nature of decisions made, with respect to another account. A portfolio manager’s investment decisions are the product of many factors in addition to basic suitability for the particular account involved. Thus, a portfolio manager may buy or sell a particular security for certain accounts, and not for a Fund, even though it could have been bought or sold for the Fund at the same time. A portfolio manager also may buy a particular security for one or more accounts when one or more other accounts are selling the security (including short sales). There may be circumstances when a portfolio manager’s purchases or sales of portfolio securities for one or more accounts may have an adverse effect on other accounts, including the Funds.

Columbia Management serves as investment adviser to registered open-end and closed-end funds and other separate accounts with investment programs that are substantially similar to that of the Funds (“Comparable Accounts”). The Funds may have substantially similar investment portfolios as these Comparable Accounts, and the Funds’ portfolio holdings, which will form the basis of the Funds’ net asset value on each business day, will be disclosed before the opening of trading that day. At the time of the Funds’ disclosure of their portfolio holdings, the Comparable Accounts may have unexecuted portfolio transactions outstanding or be in the process of implementing changes to their portfolios. In order to prevent the disclosure of the Funds’ portfolios from signaling or providing information to the market about upcoming transactions for the Comparable Accounts, the Investment Manager may, from time to time, delay implementing portfolio changes in a security for a Fund or delay allocating investment opportunities to a Fund until such time as the Comparable Accounts have completed their purchase or sale orders for that security. For example, if a purchase or sale of a security in the Comparable Accounts requires several days to implement, a Fund may be delayed in engaging in its purchase or sale of the same security until the last day that trading in the security is completed for the Comparable Accounts. However, if a purchase or sale of securities for Comparable Accounts is expected to be completed in a single trading day, a Fund and the Comparable Accounts would generally trade together. As a result, portfolio decisions may not be made for the Funds concurrently with the portfolio decision for the Comparable Accounts, notwithstanding that the Funds and the Comparable Accounts have substantially similar objectives, policies, strategies, and risks, or that an investment opportunity may be appropriate for both a Fund and the Comparable Accounts. By the time a portfolio decision is implemented for a Fund, the price for the security may be different than the price at the time the decision is made for the Comparable Accounts, and due to the Comparable Accounts’ transactions in the security or other market movements, the price for the security may be less favorable for a Fund.

Other potential conflicts of interest may arise based on the structure of the Fund. Because the structure of funds-of-funds differs from that of other funds, the potential conflicts of interest for the portfolio managers may be different than the potential conflicts of interest for portfolio managers who manage other funds. The portfolio management process is set forth in more detail in the relevant Funds’ prospectuses. Portfolio managers of fund-of-funds may be involved in determining each funds-of-fund’s allocation among asset classes and the allocation among investment categories within each asset class, as well as each funds-of-fund’s allocation among the underlying funds. Additional potential conflicts of interest include:

 

   

In certain cases, the portfolio managers of the underlying funds are the same as the portfolio managers of the fund-of-funds, and could influence the allocation of funds-of-funds assets to or away from the underlying funds that they manage.

 

62


   

The Investment Manager and its affiliates may receive higher compensation as a result of allocations to underlying funds with higher fees.

 

   

The Investment Manager monitors the performance of the underlying funds and may, from time to time, recommend to the Funds’ Trustees, to the extent a Fund may serve as an underlying fund, a change in portfolio management or fund strategy or the closure or merger of an underlying fund. In addition, the Investment Manager may believe that certain funds may benefit from additional assets or could be harmed by redemptions. All of these factors may also influence decisions in connection with the allocation of funds-of-funds assets to or away from certain underlying funds.

A Fund’s portfolio manager(s) also may have other potential conflicts of interest in managing the Fund, and the description above is not a complete description of every conflict that could exist in managing the Fund and other accounts. Many of the potential conflicts of interest to which the Investment Manager’s portfolio managers are subject are essentially the same or similar to the potential conflicts of interest related to the investment management activities of the Investment Manager and its affiliates. See Investment Management and Other Services – Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest for more information about conflicts of interest, including those that relate to the Investment Manager and its affiliates.

Manager of Managers Exemption

The SEC has issued an order that permits the Investment Manager, subject to the approval of the Board, to appoint an unaffiliated subadviser or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement for a Fund without first obtaining shareholder approval. The order permits a Fund to add or to change unaffiliated subadvisers or to change the fees paid to subadvisers from time to time without the expense and delays associated with obtaining shareholder approval of the change. The Investment Manager and its affiliates may have other relationships, including significant financial relationships, with current or potential subadvisers or their affiliates, which may create certain conflicts of interest. When making recommendations to the Board to appoint or to change a subadviser, or to change the terms of a subadvisory agreement, the Investment Manager discloses to the Board the nature of any material relationships it has with a subadviser or its affiliates.

Subadvisers and Investment Subadvisory Services

Investment Subadvisory Agreements

Where assets of Funds are managed by subadvisers that have been selected by the Investment Manager, such selection is subject to the review and approval of the Board. The Investment Manager recommends the subadvisers to the Board based upon its assessment of the skills of the subadvisers in managing other assets with objectives and investment strategies substantially similar to those of the applicable Fund. Short-term investment performance is not the only factor in selecting or terminating a subadviser, and the Investment Manager does not expect to make frequent changes of subadvisers.

To the extent a Fund is subadvised, the Investment Manager allocates the assets of the Fund with multiple subadvisers among the subadvisers. Each subadviser has discretion, subject to oversight by the Board and the Investment Manager, to purchase and sell portfolio assets, consistent with the Fund’s investment objectives, policies, and restrictions. Generally, the services that a subadviser provides to the Fund are limited to asset management and related recordkeeping services.

The Investment Manager will enter into an Investment Subadvisory Agreement with each subadviser under which the subadviser provides investment advisory assistance and day-to-day management of some or all of the Fund’s portfolio, as well as investment research and statistical information. A subadviser may also serve as a discretionary or non-discretionary investment adviser to management or advisory accounts that are unrelated in any manner to the Investment Manager or its affiliates.

Each Investment Subadvisory Agreement generally provides that in the absence of willful misconduct, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of its obligations or duties thereunder, by the subadviser or any of its respective officers, directors, employees or agents, the subadviser shall not be subject to liability to the Trust or the Investment Manager for any act or omission in the course of rendering services thereunder or for any losses that may be sustained in the purchase, holding or sale of any security.

Investment Subadvisory Agreements become effective with respect to each applicable Fund after approval by the Board, and after an initial two year period, continues from year to year, provided that such continuation of the Investment Subadvisory Agreement is specifically approved at least annually by the Trust’s Board, including its Independent Trustees. An Investment Subadvisory Agreement terminates automatically in the event of its assignment, and is terminable with respect to the Fund at any time without penalty by the Trust (by vote of the Board or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund) or by the Investment Manager on 60 days’ written notice.

 

63


Threadneedle International Limited

Threadneedle International Limited (Threadneedle) is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Ameriprise Financial, Inc., the parent company of the Investment Manager.

Subadvisory Rates Paid to Threadneedle

The Investment Manager [will pay] to Threadneedle, as full compensation for services provided and expenses assumed, a subadvisory fee for European Equity ETF, computed daily and payable monthly at the annual rates listed below as a percentage of the average daily net assets:

[FEE RATE TABLES TO BE INSERTED]

Subadvisory Fees Paid to Threadneedle

Threadneedle will receive subadvisory fees from the Investment Manager for its services and in the future will report the subadvisory fees paid to, the advisory fees waived and expense reimbursements where applicable, for the three most recently completed fiscal years (as applicable). The European Equity ETF has not yet begun operations, therefore there are no fees to report.

Threadneedle Portfolio Managers [same as for internally managed. I also question having subadvised separate from internal PMs, especially without table numbers or any other kind of table reference. It will make it harder to find quickly.]

The following table provides additional information about the Threadneedle portfolio managers responsible for making the day-to-day investment decisions, as described in the Primary Service Providers section of the Fund’s prospectus, for the Fund identified below and the number and assets of other investment accounts (or portions of investment accounts) that the Threadneedle portfolio manager managed, as of [            ].

 

          Other Accounts Managed by the Threadneedle Portfolio
Manager (excluding the Fund)
          

Fund

   Portfolio
Manager
   Number and Type
of Account*
   Approximate
Total Net
Assets
   Performance
Based
Accounts
   Dollar Range of Equity
Securities in the Fund
Beneficially  Owned
 

 

 

European Equity

   Dan Ison    [    ] RICs

[    ] PIVs

[    ] other accounts

   $[    ] billion

$[    ] billion

$[    ] million

   [    ]    [    ]     (

 

* RIC refers to a Registered Investment Company; PIV refers to a Pooled Investment Vehicle.

Threadneedle Portfolio Manager Compensation

To align the interests of our investment staff with those of our clients the remuneration plan for senior individuals comprises basic salary, an annual profit share (linked to individual performance and the profitability of the company) and a Long Term Incentive Plan known as the Equity Incentive Plan (“EIP”) linked to measures of Threadneedle’s corporate success. Threadneedle believes this encourages longevity of service.

The split between each component varies between investment professionals and will be dependent on performance and the type of funds they manage.

The split of the profit share focuses on three key areas of success:

 

   

Performance of own funds and research recommendations,

 

   

Performance of all portfolios in the individual’s team,

 

64


   

Broader contribution to the wider thinking of the investment team, e.g. idea generation, interaction with colleagues and commitment for example to assisting the sales effort.

Consideration of the individual’s general contribution is designed to encourage fund managers to think beyond personal portfolio performance and considers contributions made in:

 

   

Inter-team discussions, including asset allocation, global sector themes and weekly investment meetings,

 

   

Intra-team discussion, stock research and investment insights,

 

   

Marketing support, including written material and presentations.

It is important to appreciate that in order to maximize an individual’s rating and hence their profit share, they need to score well in all areas. It is not sufficient to produce good personal fund performance without contributing effectively to the team and wider investment department. This structure is closely aligned with the Threadneedle’s investment principles of sharing ideas and effective communication.

Threadneedle Portfolio Managers and Potential Conflicts of Interest

Threadneedle portfolio managers may manage one or more mutual funds as well as other types of accounts, including proprietary accounts, separate accounts for institutions, and other pooled investment vehicles. Portfolio managers make investment decisions for an account or portfolio based on its investment objectives and policies, and other relevant investment considerations. A portfolio manager may manage a separate account or other pooled investment vehicle whose fees may be materially greater than the management fees paid by the Fund and may include a performance-based fee. Management of multiple funds and accounts may create potential conflicts of interest relating to the allocation of investment opportunities, and the aggregation and allocation of trades. In addition, the portfolio manager’s responsibilities at Threadneedle include working as a securities analyst. This dual role may give rise to conflicts with respect to making investment decisions for accounts that he/she manages versus communicating his/her analyses to other portfolio managers concerning securities that he/she follows as an analyst. Threadneedle has a fiduciary responsibility to all of the clients for which it manages accounts. Threadneedle seeks to provide best execution of all securities transactions and to aggregate securities transactions and then allocate securities to client accounts in a fair and timely manner. Threadneedle has developed policies and procedures, including brokerage and trade allocation policies and procedures, designed to mitigate and manage the potential conflicts of interest that may arise from the management of multiple types of accounts for multiple clients.

The Administrator

[            ], located at [            ], serves as Administrator to each Fund.

Services Provided

[As administrator, [            ] provides each Fund with all required general administrative services, including, without limitation, clerical and general back office services; bookkeeping, internal accounting and secretarial services; the calculation of NAV; and the preparation and filing of all reports, updates to registration statements, and all other materials required to be filed or furnished by a Fund under federal and state securities laws.]

Administration Fee Rates Paid by the Funds

The Administrator receives fees as compensation for its services, which are computed daily on the basis of net assets as of the close of the preceding day and paid monthly, as set forth in the Administrative Services Agreement, and as shown in the table below.

[For the services to be provided by [            ] to the Funds, the Trust has agreed to pay a [            ] monthly Fund administration fee per Fund, and a fund administration fee of [            ] basis points on the first $1 billion of its gross adjusted assets, and [            ] basis points on gross adjusted assets in excess of $1 billion, plus certain out-of-pocket expenses. There is a minimum fund accounting and fund administration fee of [            ] per Fund (which minimum is reduced for the first two years from inception of the Funds).]

 

65


The Administrator will receive fees from the Funds for their services and in the future will report administration fees paid to and, as applicable waived/reimbursed by the Administrator, for the three most recently completed fiscal years, where applicable. The Funds have not yet begun operations, therefore do not have any fees to report.

The Distributor

[    ], a broker-dealer registered under the 1934 Act and a member of FINRA, serves as the Distributor for the continuous offering of shares of the Funds pursuant to a Distribution Agreement. The Distributor’s address is [    ].

Distribution Obligations

Shares are continuously offered for sale by the Trust through the Distributor only in Creation Units, as described in the Funds’ prospectuses and this SAI. The Distributor acts as an agent for the Trust. The Distributor will deliver a prospectus to persons purchasing shares in Creation Units and will maintain records of both orders placed with it and confirmations of acceptance furnished by it. The Distributor has no role in determining the investments or investment policies of the Funds.

The Distribution Agreement became effective with respect to each Fund after approval by its Board, and, after an initial two-year period, continues from year to year, provided that such continuation of the Distribution Agreement is specifically approved at least annually by the Board, including its Independent Trustees. The Distribution Agreement terminates automatically in the event of its assignment, and is terminable with respect to each Fund at any time without penalty by the Trust (by vote of the Board or by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund) or by the Distributor on 60 days’ written notice.

Other Roles and Relationships of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates – Certain Conflicts of Interest

As described above in the Investment Management and Other Services section of this SAI, and in the Primary Service Providers section of each Fund’s prospectuses, the Investment Manager, an affiliate of Ameriprise Financial, receives compensation from the Funds for the various services they provide to the Funds. Additional information as to the specific terms regarding such compensation is set forth in these affiliated service providers’ contracts with the Funds, each of which typically is included as an exhibit to Part C of each Fund’s registration statement.

In many instances, the compensation paid to the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates, if applicable, for the services they provide to the Funds is based, in some manner, on the size of the Funds’ assets under management. As the size of the Funds’ assets under management grows, so does the amount of compensation paid to the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates for providing services to the Funds. This relationship between Fund assets and affiliated service provider compensation may create economic and other conflicts of interests of which Fund investors should be aware. These potential conflicts of interest, as well as additional ones, are discussed in detail below and also are addressed in other disclosure materials, including the Funds’ prospectuses. These conflicts of interest also are highlighted in account documentation and other disclosure materials of Ameriprise Financial affiliates that make available or offer the Columbia Funds as investments in connection with their respective products and services. In addition, Part 1A of the Investment Manager’s Form ADV, which it must file with the SEC as an investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act, provides information about the Investment Manager’s business, assets under management, affiliates and potential conflicts of interest. Part 1A of the Investment Manager’s Form ADV is available online through the SEC’s website at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov.

Additional actual or potential conflicts of interest and certain investment activity limitations that could affect the Funds may arise from the financial services activities of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including, for example, the investment advisory/management services provided for clients and customers other than the Funds. In this regard, Ameriprise Financial is a major financial services company. Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates are engaged in a wide range of financial activities beyond the fund-related activities of the Investment Manager, including, among others, broker-dealer (sales and trading), asset management, insurance and other financial activities. The broad range of financial services activities of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may involve multiple advisory, transactional, lending, financial and other interests in securities and other instruments, and in companies, that may be bought, sold or held by the Funds. The following describes certain actual and potential conflicts of interest that may be presented.

 

66


Actual and Potential Conflicts of Interest Related to the Investment Advisory/Management Activities of Ameriprise Financial and its Affiliates in Connection With Other Advised/Managed Funds and Accounts

The Investment Manager and other affiliates of Ameriprise Financial may advise or manage funds and accounts other than the Funds. In this regard, Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may provide investment advisory/management and other services to other advised/managed funds and accounts that are similar to those provided to the Funds. The Investment Manager and Ameriprise Financial’s other investment adviser affiliates (including, for example, Columbia Wanger Asset Management, LLC) give advice to and make decisions for all advised/managed funds and accounts, including the Funds, as they believe to be in that fund’s and/or account’s best interests, consistent with their fiduciary duties. The Funds and the other advised/managed funds and accounts of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates are separately and potentially divergently managed, and there is no assurance that any investment advice Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates give to other advised/managed funds and accounts will also be given simultaneously or otherwise to the Funds.

A variety of other actual and potential conflicts of interest may arise from the advisory relationships of the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates with other clients and customers. Advice given to the Funds and/or investment decisions made for the Funds by the Investment Manager or other Ameriprise Financial affiliates may differ from, or may conflict with, advice given to and/or investment decisions made for other advised/managed funds and accounts. As a result, the performance of the Funds may differ from the performance of other funds or accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager or other Ameriprise Financial affiliates. Similarly, a position taken by Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the Investment Manager, on behalf of other funds or accounts may be contrary to a position taken on behalf of the Funds. Moreover, Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the Investment Manager, may take a position on behalf of other advised/managed funds and accounts, or for their own proprietary accounts that is adverse to companies or other issuers in which the Funds are invested. For example, the Funds may hold equity securities of a company while another advised/managed fund or account may hold debt securities of the same company. If the portfolio company were to experience financial difficulties, it might be in the best interest of the Funds for the company to reorganize while the interests of the other advised/managed fund or account might be better served by the liquidation of the company. This type of conflict of interest could arise as the result of circumstances that cannot be generally foreseen within the broad range of investment advisory/management activities in which Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates engage.

Investment transactions made on behalf of other funds or accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager or other Ameriprise Financial affiliates also may have a negative effect on the value, price or investment strategies of the Funds. For example, this could occur if another advised/managed fund or account implements an investment decision ahead of, or at the same time as, the Funds and causes the Funds to experience less favorable trading results than they otherwise would have experienced based on market liquidity factors. In addition, the other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates, including the other Columbia Funds, may have the same or very similar investment objective and strategies as the Funds. In this situation, the allocation of, and competition for, investment opportunities among the Funds and other funds and/or accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager or other Ameriprise Financial affiliates may create conflicts of interest especially where, for example, limited investment availability is involved. The Investment Manager has adopted policies and procedures addressing the allocation of investment opportunities among the Funds and other funds and accounts advised by the Investment Manager and other affiliates of Ameriprise Financial. For more information, see Investment Management and Other Services – The Investment Manager and Investment Advisory Services – Portfolio Manager(s) – The Investment Manager’s Portfolio Managers and Potential Conflicts of Interests.

Sharing of Information among Advised/Managed Accounts

Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates also may possess information that could be material to the management of a Fund and may not be able to, or may determine not to, share that information with the Fund, even though the information might be beneficial to the Fund. This information may include actual knowledge regarding the particular investments and transactions of other advised/managed funds and accounts, as well as proprietary investment, trading and other market research, analytical and technical models, and new investment techniques, strategies and opportunities. Depending on the context, Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates generally will have no obligation to share any such information with the Funds. In general, employees of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the portfolio managers of the Investment Manager, will make investment decisions without regard to information otherwise known by other employees of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, and generally will have no obligation to access any such information and may, in some instances, not be able to access such information because of legal and regulatory constraints or the internal policies and procedures of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates. For example, if the Investment Manager or another Ameriprise Financial affiliate, or their respective employees, come into possession of non-public information regarding another advised/managed fund or account, they may be prohibited by legal and regulatory constraints, or internal policies and procedures, from using that information in connection with transactions made on behalf of the Funds. For more information, see Investment Management and Other Services – The Investment Manager and Investment Advisory Services – Portfolio Manager(s) – The Investment Manager’s Portfolio Managers and Potential Conflicts of Interests.

Soft Dollar Benefits

Certain products and services, commonly referred to as “soft dollar services” (including, to the extent permitted by law, research reports, economic and financial data, financial publications, proxy analysis, computer databases and other research-oriented materials), that the Investment Manager may receive in connection with brokerage services provided to a Fund may have the inadvertent effect of disproportionately benefiting other advised/managed funds or accounts. This could happen because of the relative amount of brokerage services provided to a Fund as compared to other advised/managed funds or accounts, as well as the relative compensation paid by a Fund.

 

67


Services Provided to Other Advised/Managed Accounts

Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates also may act as an investment adviser, investment manager, administrator, transfer agent, custodian, trustee, broker-dealer, agent, or in another capacity, for advised/managed funds and accounts other than the Funds, and may receive compensation for acting in such capacity. This compensation that the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates receive could be greater than the compensation Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates receive for acting in the same or similar capacity for the Funds. In addition, the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates may receive other benefits, including enhancement of new or existing business relationships. This compensation and/or the benefits that Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may receive from other advised/managed funds and accounts and other relationships could potentially create incentives to favor other advised/managed funds and accounts over the Funds. Trades made by Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates for the Funds may be, but are not required to be, aggregated with trades made for other funds and accounts advised/managed by the Investment Manager and other Ameriprise Financial affiliates. If trades are aggregated among the Funds and those other funds and accounts, the various prices of the securities being traded may be averaged, which could have the potential effect of disadvantaging the Funds as compared to the other funds and accounts with which trades were aggregated.

Proxy Voting

Proxy voting decisions with respect to a Fund’s portfolio securities may or may not benefit other advised/managed funds and accounts, and/or clients, of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates. For more information about the Funds’ proxy voting policies and procedures, see Investment Management and Other Services – Proxy Voting. [Reference to Proxy Voting section starting on page 71? This is a little confusing because on first glance it seems your referring to this section. Maybe change the name of the other section to “Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures” or something similar to distinguish

Certain Trading Activities

The directors/trustees, officers and employees of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may buy and sell securities or other investments for their own accounts, and in doing so may take a position that is adverse to the Funds. In order to reduce the possibility that such personal investment activities of the directors/trustees, officers and employees of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates will materially adversely affect the Funds, Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates have adopted policies and procedures, and the Funds, the Board and the Investment Manager have each adopted a Code of Ethics that addresses such personal investment activities. For more information, see Investment Management and Other Services – Codes of Ethics.

Affiliate Transactions

Subject to applicable legal and regulatory requirements, a Fund may enter into transactions in which Ameriprise Financial and/or its affiliates, or companies that are deemed to be affiliates of a Fund because of, among other factors, their or their affiliates’ ownership or control of shares of the Fund, may have an interest that potentially conflicts with the interests of the Fund. For example, an affiliate of Ameriprise Financial may sell securities to a Fund from an offering in which it is an underwriter or that it owns as a dealer, subject to applicable legal and regulatory requirements. Applicable legal and regulatory requirements also may prevent a Fund from engaging in transactions with an affiliate of the Fund, which may include Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, or from participating in an investment opportunity in which an affiliate of a Fund participates.

Certain Investment Limitations

Regulatory and other restrictions may limit a Fund’s investment activities in various ways. For example, regulations regarding certain industries and markets, such as emerging or international markets, and certain transactions, such as those involving certain futures and other derivatives as well as restrictions applicable to certain issuers (e.g., poison pills), may impose limits on the aggregate amount of investments that may be made by affiliated investors, including accounts owned or managed by the same or affiliated managers, in the aggregate or in individual issuers. In these circumstances, the Investment Manager may be prevented from acquiring securities for a Fund that it might otherwise prefer to acquire if the acquisition would cause the Fund and its affiliated investors to exceed an applicable limit. These types of regulatory and other applicable limits are complex and vary significantly in different contexts including, among others, from country to country, industry to industry and issuer to issuer. The Investment Manager has procedures in place designed to monitor potential conflicts arising from regulatory and other limits. Nonetheless, given the complexity of these limits, the Investment Manager and its affiliates may inadvertently breach these limits, and a Fund may therefore be required to sell securities that it might otherwise prefer to hold in order to comply with such limits. At certain times, a Fund may be restricted in its investment activities because of relationships that an affiliate of the Fund, which may include Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, may have with the issuers of securities. This could happen, for example, if a Fund desired to buy a security issued by a company for which Ameriprise Financial or an affiliate serves as underwriter. The internal policies and procedures of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates covering these types of restrictions and addressing similar issues also may at times restrict a Fund’s investment activities. See also About the Funds’ Investments – Certain Investment Activity Limits.

 

68


Actual and Potential Conflicts of Interest Related to Ameriprise Financial and it’s Affiliates’ Non-Advisory Relationships with Clients and Customers other than the Funds

The financial relationships that Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may have with companies and other entities in which a Fund may invest can give rise to actual and potential conflicts of interest. Subject to applicable legal and regulatory requirements, a Fund may invest (a) in the securities of Ameriprise Financial and/or its affiliates and/or in companies in which Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates have an equity, debt or other interest, and/or (b) in the securities of companies held by other Columbia Funds. The purchase, holding and sale of such securities by a Fund may enhance the profitability and the business interests of Ameriprise Financial and/or its affiliates and/or other Columbia Funds. There also may be limitations as to the sharing with the Investment Manager of information derived from the non-investment advisory/management activities of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates because of legal and regulatory constraints and internal policies and procedures (such as information barriers and ethical walls). Because of these limitations, Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates generally will not share information derived from its non-investment advisory/management activities with the Investment Manager.

Actual and Potential Conflicts of Interest Related to Ameriprise Financial Affiliates’ Marketing and Use of the Columbia Funds as Investment Options

Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates also provide a variety of products and services that, in some manner, may utilize the Columbia Funds as investment options. For example, the Columbia Funds may be offered as investments in connection with brokerage and other securities products offered by Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, and may be utilized as investments in connection with fiduciary, investment management and other accounts offered by affiliates of Ameriprise Financial, as well as for other Columbia Funds structured as “funds of funds.” The use of the Columbia Funds in connection with other products and services offered by Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates may introduce economic and other conflicts of interest. These conflicts of interest are highlighted in account documentation and other disclosure materials for the other products and services offered by Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates.

Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates, including the Investment Manager, may, subject to applicable legal and regulatory requirements, make payments to their affiliates in connection with the promotion and sale of the Funds’ shares, in addition to the sales-related and other compensation that these parties may receive from the Funds, if any. As a general matter, personnel of Ameriprise Financial and its affiliates do not receive compensation in connection with their sales or use of the Funds that is greater than that paid in connection with their sales of other comparable products and services. Nonetheless, because the compensation that the Investment Manager and other affiliates of Ameriprise Financial may receive for providing services to the Funds is generally based on the Funds’ assets under management and those assets will grow as shares of the Funds are sold, potential conflicts of interest may exist.

Other Services Provided

The Transfer Agent

[    ], located at [    ], serves as Fund Accountant and Transfer Agent to each Fund.

As fund accountant and transfer agent, [    ] has agreed to: (1) perform and facilitate purchases and redemptions of Creation Units of each Fund, (2) make dividend and other distributions on shares of each Fund, (3) record the issuance of shares and maintain records of outstanding shares of each Fund, (4) maintain certain accounts, (5) make and transmit periodic reports to a Fund and its other service providers, and (6) otherwise perform the customary services of a transfer agent and dividend disbursing agent. For the services to be provided by [    ] to the Funds, a monthly transfer agency services fee of [$ ] per Fund (which minimum is reduced for the first two years from inception of the Funds), a fund accounting fee of [    ] basis points on the first [$ ] of its gross adjusted assets, and [    ] basis points on gross adjusted assets in excess of [$        ].

The fees paid to [    ] for each of the last three fiscal years, where applicable, will be reported in the future.

The Funds have not yet begun operations, therefore do not have any fees to report.

 

69


The Custodian

[    ], located at [    ], serves as Custodian of each Fund’s assets. As Custodian, [    ] has agreed to: (1) make receipts and disbursements of money on behalf of the Fund, (2) collect and receive all income and other payments and distributions on account of the Fund’s portfolio investments, (3) respond to correspondence from shareholders, security brokers and others relating to its duties; and (4) make periodic reports to the Fund concerning the Fund’s operations. [    ] does not exercise any supervisory function over the purchase and sale of securities. Pursuant to the Custody Agreement between [    ] and the Trust the Trust has agreed to pay an annual custody fee of [    ] basis points on the first [$        ] of its gross adjusted assets, and [    ] basis points on gross adjusted assets in excess of [    ], plus certain transaction charges and additional global custody fees.

Board Services Corporation

The Funds have an agreement with Board Services located at 901 Marquette Avenue South, Suite 2810, Minneapolis, MN 55402. This agreement sets forth the terms of Board Services’ responsibility to serve as an agent of the Funds for purposes of administering the payment of compensation to each Independent Trustee, to provide office space for use by the Funds and their Board, and to provide any other services to the Board or the Independent Trustees, as may be reasonably requested.

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

[    ] which is located at [    ], is the Funds’ independent registered public accounting firm. The independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for auditing the annual financial statements of the Funds.

Counsel

K&L Gates LLP, located at Four Embarcadero Center, Suite 1200, San Francisco, CA 94111, provides legal services for the Funds.

Schulte Roth and Zabel LLP, 919 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022, serves as legal counsel to the Independent Trustees.

Distribution and Servicing Plans

The Board has adopted a Distribution and Service Plan pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act (the “12b-1 Plan”). In accordance with the 12b-1 Plan, a Fund is authorized to pay an amount up to 25% of its average daily net assets each year for certain distribution and/or service-related activities. In addition, if the payment of management fees by a Fund is deemed to be indirect financing by the Fund of the distribution of its shares, such payment is authorized by the 12b-1 Plan. The 12b-1 Plan specifically recognizes that the Investment Manager and other persons may use management fee revenue, as well as past profits or other resources, to pay for expenses incurred in connection with providing services intended to result in the sale of shares. The Investment Manager and such other persons, as well as their affiliates, may pay amounts to third parties for distribution or marketing services on behalf of a Fund.

The 12b-1 Plan was adopted in order to permit the implementation of the Funds’ method of distribution and to compensate servicing agents. No fees are currently paid by a Fund under its 12b-1 Plan, and there are no current plans to impose such fees. In the event such fees were to be charged, over time they would increase the cost of an investment in a Fund.

Under each 12b-1 Plan, the Trustees would receive and review at the end of each quarter a written report provided by the Distributor of the amounts expended under the Plan and the purpose for which such expenditures were made.

Codes of Ethics

The Funds, the Investment Manager, and the unaffiliated and affiliated subadvisers (if any) and the Distributor have adopted Codes of Ethics pursuant to the requirements of the 1940 Act, and related procedures reasonably designed to prevent violations of Rule 204A-1 under the Advisers Act and including Rule 17j–1 under the 1940 Act (collectively, the “Codes”). These Codes permit personnel subject to the Codes to invest in securities, including securities that may be bought or held by the Funds. The Codes contain provisions reasonably necessary to prevent a Fund’s access persons from engaging in any conduct prohibited by paragraph (b) of Rule 17j-1, which indicates that it is unlawful for any affiliated person of or principal underwriter for a Fund, or any affiliated persons of an investment adviser of or principal underwriter for a Fund, in connection with the purchase or sale, directly or indirectly, by the person of a security held or to be acquired by a Fund (i) to employ any device, scheme or artifice to defraud a Fund; (ii) to make any untrue statement of a material fact to a Fund or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made to a Fund, in light of the circumstance under which they are made, not misleading; (iii) to engage in any act, practice or course of business that operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit on a Fund; or (iv) to engage in any manipulative practice with respect to a Fund. The Codes prohibit personnel from engaging in personal investment activities that compete with or attempt to take advantage of planned portfolio

 

70


transactions for the Funds. These Codes are included as exhibits to Part C of the Funds’ registration statement. These Codes can be reviewed and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room and may be obtained by calling the SEC at 202.551.8090; they also are available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, and may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request to publicinfo@sec.gov or by writing to the SEC’s Public Reference Section, Washington, D.C. 20549–1520.

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

General guidelines, policies and procedures

The following description of the Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures, as well as the Proxy Voting Policy attached as Appendix A, apply to the Funds.

The Funds support sound and principled corporate governance. The Board, which consists of a majority of independent Board members, will determine policies and vote proxies. The Investment Manager provides support to the Board in connection with the proxy voting process.

General Guidelines

The Board supports proxy proposals that it believes are tied to the interests of shareholders and votes against proxy proposals that appear to entrench management. For example:

Election of Directors

 

   

The Board generally votes in favor of proposals for an independent chairman or, if the chairman is not independent, in favor of a lead independent director.

 

   

The Board supports annual election of all directors and proposals to eliminate classes of directors.

 

   

In a routine election of directors, the Board will generally vote with the recommendations of the company’s nominating committee because the Board believes that nominating committees of independent directors are in the best position to know what qualifications are required of directors to form an effective board. However, the Board will generally vote against a nominee who has been assigned to the audit, compensation, or nominating committee if the nominee is not independent of management based on established criteria. The Board will generally also withhold support for any director who fails to attend 75% of meetings or has other activities that appear to interfere with his or her ability to commit sufficient attention to the company and, in general, will vote against nominees who are determined to have exhibited poor governance such as involvement in options backdating, financial restatements or material weaknesses in control, approving egregious compensation or have consistently disregarded the interests of shareholders.

 

   

The Board generally supports proposals requiring director nominees to receive a majority of affirmative votes cast in order to be elected to the board, and in the absence of majority voting, generally will support cumulative voting.

 

   

Votes in a contested election of directors are evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

Defense mechanisms

The Board generally supports proposals eliminating provisions requiring supermajority approval of certain actions. The Board generally supports proposals to opt out of control share acquisition statutes and proposals restricting a company’s ability to make greenmail payments. The Board reviews management proposals submitting shareholder rights plans (poison pills) to shareholders on a case-by-case basis.

Auditors

The Board values the independence of auditors based on established criteria. The Board supports a reasonable review of matters that may raise concerns regarding an auditor’s service that may cause the Board to vote against a company’s recommendation for auditor, including, for example, auditor involvement in significant financial restatements, options backdating, conflicts of interest, material weaknesses in control, attempts to limit auditor liability or situations where independence has been compromised.

Management compensation issues

The Board expects company management to give thoughtful consideration to providing competitive compensation and incentives, which are reflective of company performance, and are incentives directly tied to the interest of shareholders. The Board generally votes for plans if they are reasonable and consistent with industry and country standards and against plans that it believes dilute shareholder value substantially.

The Board generally favors minimum holding periods of stock obtained by senior management pursuant to equity compensation plans and will vote against compensation plans for executives that it deems excessive.

 

71


Social and corporate policy issues

The Board believes proxy proposals should address the business interests of the corporation. Shareholder proposals sometime seek to have the company disclose or amend certain business practices based purely on social or environmental issues rather than compelling business arguments. In general, the Board recognizes that Fund shareholders are likely to have differing views of social and environmental issues and believes that these matters are primarily the responsibility of a company’s management and its board of directors. The Board generally abstains or votes against these proposals.

Additional details can be found in the Funds’ Proxy Voting Policy (see Appendix B).

POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

The policy of the Board is to vote all proxies of the companies in which a Fund holds investments. Because of the volume and complexity of the proxy voting process, including inherent inefficiencies in the process that are outside the control of the Board or the Proxy Team (defined below), not all proxies may be voted. The Board has implemented policies and procedures that have been reasonably designed to vote proxies in the best economic interests of Fund shareholders, and to address any conflicts between interests of a Fund’s shareholders and those of the Investment Manager or other affiliated persons.

The Board votes proxies on behalf of the Funds. Columbia Management provides support to the Board in connection with the proxy voting process, and has assigned responsibility to the Columbia Management Proxy Administration Team (“Proxy Team”) to administer proxies on behalf of the Funds. In exercising its responsibilities, the Proxy Team may rely upon the research or recommendations of one or more third party research providers. The Proxy Team assists the Board in identifying situations where its voting guidelines do not clearly direct a vote in a particular manner and assists in researching matters and making voting recommendations. The Proxy Team may recommend that a proxy be voted in a manner contrary to the Board’s voting guidelines based on recommendations from Columbia Management investment personnel (or, if applicable, the investment personnel of a Fund’s subadviser(s)) and information obtained from independent research firms or other sources. The Proxy Team makes all recommendations in writing. Except for proposals where the recommendation from Columbia Management concurs with the recommendations from company management and the independent research firms, the Board Chair or other Board members who are independent from the Investment Manager will consider the recommendation and decide how to vote the proxy proposal or establish a protocol for voting the proposal. If Columbia Management, company management and the independent research firms recommend the same action on such proposals, Columbia Management is authorized to vote in accordance with the consensus recommendation.

On an annual basis, or more frequently as determined necessary, the Board reviews the voting guidelines to determine whether changes are appropriate. The Board may consider recommendations from Columbia Management to revise the existing guidelines or add new guidelines. Typically, changes to the voting guidelines are based on, among other things, industry trends and the frequency that similar proposals appear on company ballots.

The Board considers management’s recommendations as set out in the company’s proxy statement. In each instance in which a Fund votes against management’s recommendation (except when withholding votes from a nominated director or proposals on foreign company ballots), the Board generally sends a letter to senior management of the company explaining the basis for its vote. This permits both the company’s management and the Board to have an opportunity to gain better insight into issues presented by the proxy proposal(s).

Voting in countries outside the United States (non-U.S. countries)

Voting proxies for companies not domiciled in the United States may, if applicable, involve greater effort and cost due to a variety of regulatory schemes and corporate practices. For example, certain non-U.S. countries require securities to be blocked prior to a vote, which means that the securities to be voted may not be traded within a specified number of days before the shareholder meeting. The Board typically will not vote securities in non-U.S. countries that require trading of securities to be blocked as the need for liquidity of the securities in the Funds will typically outweigh the benefit of voting. There may be additional costs associated with voting in non-U.S. countries such that the Board may determine that the cost of voting outweighs the potential benefit.

Securities on loan

The Board will generally refrain from recalling securities on loan, if applicable, based upon its determination that the costs and lost revenue to the Funds, combined with the administrative effects of recalling the securities, generally outweigh the benefit of voting the proxy. While in general neither the Board nor Columbia Management assesses the economic impact and benefits of voting loaned securities on a case-by-case basis, situations may arise where the Board requests that loaned securities be recalled in order to vote a proxy. However, if a proxy relates to matters that may impact the nature of a company, such as a proposed merger, acquisition or a proxy contest, and the Funds’ ownership position is significant (as determined by thresholds established by the Board), the Board has established a guideline to direct Columbia Management to endeavor to recall such securities based upon its determination that, in these situations, the benefits of voting such proxies generally outweigh the costs or lost revenue to the Funds, or any potential adverse administrative effects to the Funds, of not recalling such securities.

 

72


Investment in affiliated funds

If a Fund invests in shares of other funds managed by Columbia Management (referred to in this context as “underlying funds”), in general, the proxy policy of the Funds is to ensure that direct public shareholders of underlying funds control the outcome of any shareholder vote. To help manage this potential conflict of interest, the policy of the Funds, to the extent that the Funds would own shares of an underlying fund, is to vote proxies of the underlying funds in the same proportion as the vote of the direct public shareholders; provided, however, that if there are no direct public shareholders of an underlying fund or if direct public shareholders represent only a minority interest in an underlying fund, the Fund may cast votes in accordance with instructions from the independent members of the Board.

FUND GOVERNANCE

Board Members and Officers

Shareholders elect the Board that oversees the Funds’ operations. The Board appoints officers who are responsible for day-to-day business decisions based on policies set by the Board. Under current Board policy, members may serve until the next Board meeting after he or she reaches the mandatory retirement age established by the Board, or the fifteenth anniversary of the first Board meeting they attended as a member of the Board. The following table provides basic biographical information about the Trustees, including their principal occupations during the past five years, although specific titles for individuals may have varied over the period.

Each Trustee oversees the 12 series of the Trust and [156] other portfolios in the Columbia Fund Family (which includes funds branded Columbia and Columbia Acorn). Each Trustee was elected as Trustee by the shareholders of the existing series of the Trust on May 20, 2011. The name, age, address and principal occupation of, public directorships held during the past five years by, and the Board committee membership of, each Trustee is set forth below.

Board Members

Independent Board Members

 

Name, Address, Age

   Position(s)
Held with the
Trust and
Length of
Service
   Principal Occupation(s)
During Past 5 Years
   Number of
Portfolios in
the Trust
Complex
Overseen by
Trustee
   Present or Past
(within past 5 years)
Other Directorships
Held by Trustee
   Committee Memberships

INDEPENDENT TRUSTEES

[TO COME]

INTERESTED TRUSTEES

[TO COME]

 

* [    ] would be considered an interested person by reason of being an officer, director, security holder and/or employee of Columbia Management and/or Ameriprise Financial, Inc.

 

73


The name, age, address, position held with the Trust, and principal occupation during the past five years of each Officer, in addition to [    ], who is Senior Vice President (as shown in the table above), of the Trust is set forth below.

 

Name, Address,