10-K 1 tv516017_10k.htm 10-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)
  x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018

OR

 

  ¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___ to ___

 

Commission file number 001-34785

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 20-4988129

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or

organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   

780 Third Avenue, 12th Floor

New York, NY

10017
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 309-7549

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes x     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes x     No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer x   Smaller reporting company  x
Emerging growth company  ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

 

The aggregate market value of the registrant's common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (without admitting that any person whose shares are not included in such calculation is an affiliate), computed by reference to the closing sale price of such shares on the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC on June 29, 2018 was $5,400,389.

 

As of March 15, 2019, 1,932,326 shares of the registrant's common stock are outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The following documents (or parts thereof) are incorporated by reference into the following parts of this Annual Report on Form 10-K: Certain information required in Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated from the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

 

 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTE

 

On February 22, 2019, we filed a certificate of amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of our shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”). Such amendment and ratio were previously approved by our stockholders and board of directors, respectively.

 

As a result of the reverse stock split, every twenty (20) shares of our pre-reverse split Common Stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of Common Stock. Proportionate voting rights and other rights of Common Stock holders were affected by the reverse stock split. Stockholders who would have otherwise held a fractional share of Common Stock received payment in cash in lieu of any such resulting fractional shares of Common Stock as the post-reverse split amounts of Common Stock were rounded down to the nearest full share. Such cash payment in lieu of a fractional share of Common Stock was calculated by multiplying such fractional interest in one share of Common Stock by the closing trading price of our Common Stock on February 22, 2019, and rounded to the nearest cent. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the reverse stock split.

 

Our Common Stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on a post-reverse split basis at the open of business on February 25, 2019.

 

All information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K give effect to the reverse stock split and all share amounts have been adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split.

 

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Table of Contents

 

    Page
Part I   5
Item 1: Business 5
Item 1A: Risk Factors 10
Item 1B: Unresolved Staff Comments 30
Item 2: Properties 30
Item 3: Legal Proceedings 30
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures 32
Part II   33
Item 5: Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 33
Item 6: Selected Financial Data 33
Item 7: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 34
Item 7A: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 53
Item 8: Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 53
Item 9: Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 53
Item 9A: Controls and Procedures 54
Item 9B: Other Information 54
Part III   55
Item 10: Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 55
Item 11: Executive Compensation 55
Item 12: Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 56
Item 13: Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence 56
Item 14: Principal Accounting Fees and Services 56
Part IV   56
Item 15: Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 56
Item 16: Form 10-K Summary 61

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate, among other matters, to our anticipated financial performance, future revenues or earnings, business prospects, projected ventures, new products and services, anticipated market performance and similar matters.

 

These risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, include, but are not limited to, the following:

  

·our ability to continue as a going concern;

 

 ·the impact of our business and asset acquisitions on our operations and operating results including our ability to realize the expected value and benefits of such acquisitions;

 

·our ability to develop and offer new products and services;

  

·our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations and business plan and the effects that such financing may have on the value of the equity instruments held by our stockholders;

  

·general economic conditions and level of consumer and corporate spending on health and wellness and travel;

  

· our ability to secure new locations, maintain existing ones, and ensure continued customer traffic at those locations;

 

·our ability to hire a skilled labor force and the costs associated with that labor;

 

·our ability to accurately forecast the costs associated with opening new retail locations and maintaining existing ones and the revenue derived from our retail locations;

 

·performance by our Airport Concession Disadvantaged Business Enterprise partners on obligations set forth in our joint venture agreements;

 

·our ability to protect our confidential information and customers’ financial data and other personal information;

 

·failure or disruption to our information technology systems;

 

·the impact of the recently passed federal tax reform bill;

 

·our ability to retain key members of our management team;

 

·the loss of, or an adverse change with regard to, one or more of our significant suppliers, distributors, vendors or other business relationships;

 

·unexpected events and trends in the health and wellness and travel industries;

 

·market acceptance, quality, pricing, availability and useful life of our products and/or services, as well as the mix of our products and services sold;

 

·competitive conditions within our industries;

 

·our compliance with laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we do business and any changes in such laws and regulations;

 

·lawsuits, claims, and investigations that may be filed against us and other events that may adversely affect our reputation;

 

·our ability to protect and maintain our intellectual property rights; and

 

·our ability to license and monetize our patents, including litigation outcomes.

 

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Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including, without limitation, the following sections: Item 1 “Business,” Item 1A “Risk Factors,” and Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” The statements contained herein that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements are often identified by the use of words such as, but not limited to, “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “continues,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” “plans,” “predicts,” “projects,” “seeks,” “should,” “future,” “targets,” “continue,” “would,” or the negative of such terms, and similar or comparable terminology or expressions or variations intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations and assumptions based on information currently available to us. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions (that may never materialize or may prove incorrect) and other important factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, and actual results may vary materially from the results and expectations discussed. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and in particular, the risks discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The forward-looking statements set forth herein speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date of such forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

 

All references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to “we,” “us” and “our” refer to XpresSpa Group, Inc. (prior to January 5, 2018, known as “FORM Holdings Corp.”), a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context requires otherwise.

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. (“XpresSpa Group” or the “Company”) from FORM Holdings Corp. Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018. Rebranding to XpresSpa Group aligned our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company, which we commenced following our acquisition of XpresSpa Holdings, LLC (“XpresSpa”) on December 23, 2016.

 

As a result of the transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, we currently have one operating segment that is also our sole reporting unit, XpresSpa, a leading airport retailer of spa services. XpresSpa is a well-recognized airport spa brand with 56 locations, consisting of 51 domestic and 5 international locations as of December 31, 2018. XpresSpa offers travelers premium spa services, including massage, nail and skin care, as well as spa and travel products. During 2018 and 2017, XpresSpa generated $49,294,000 and $48,373,000 of revenue, respectively. In 2018, approximately 83% of XpresSpa’s total revenue was generated by services, primarily massage and nailcare, and 17% was generated by retail products, primarily travel accessories.

 

We own certain patent portfolios, which we look to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, we determined that our intellectual property operating segment will no longer be an area of focus for us and, as such, will no longer be reflected as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

In October 2017, we completed the sale of FLI Charge, Inc. (“FLI Charge”) and in March 2018, we completed the sale of Group Mobile Int’l LLC (“Group Mobile”). These two entities previously comprised our technology operating segment. The results of operations for FLI Charge and Group Mobile are presented in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as consolidated net loss from discontinued operations. The carrying amounts of assets and liabilities belonging to Group Mobile as of December 31, 2018, and FLI Charge and Group Mobile as of December 31, 2017, are presented in the consolidated balance sheets as assets held for disposal and liabilities held for disposal, respectively.

 

Our Strategy and Outlook

 

XpresSpa is a leading airport retailer of spa services and related products. It is a well-recognized and popular airport spa brand with an approximately 50% market share in the United States and nearly three times the number of domestic locations as its closest competitor. It provides approximately one million services per year. As of December 31, 2018, XpresSpa operated 56 total locations in 23 airports, including one off-airport spa at Westfield World Trade Center in New York City, in three countries including the United States, Netherlands and United Arab Emirates. XpresSpa also sells wellness and travel products through its internet site, www.xpresspa.com. Key services and products offered include:

 

  · massage services for the neck, back, feet and whole body;

 

  · nail care, such as pedicures, manicures and polish changes;

 

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  · travel products, such as neck pillows, blankets and massage tools; and

 

  · new offerings, such as cryotherapy services, NormaTec compression services, and Dermalogica personal care services and retail products.

 

For over 15 years, increased security requirements have led travelers to spend more time at the airport. In addition, in anticipation of the long and often stressful security lines, travelers allow for more time to get through security and, as a result, often experience increased downtime prior to boarding. Consequently, travelers at large airport hubs have idle time in the terminal after passing through security.

 

XpresSpa was developed to address the stress and idle time spent at the airport, allowing travelers to spend this time productively, by relaxing and focusing on personal care and wellness. We believe that XpresSpa is well positioned to benefit from consumers’ growing interest in health and wellness and increasing demand for spa services and related wellness products.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had approximately $3,403,000 of cash and cash equivalents, $2,247,000 of inventory and prepaid expenses and $109,000 of assets held for disposal, which amount to total current assets of $5,759,000. Our total current liabilities balance, which includes accounts payable, accrued expenses, debt, and the current portion of Convertible Notes (as defined below), was $16,658,000 as of December 31, 2018. The working capital deficiency of $10,899,000 as of December 31, 2018 includes $1,986,000 of convertible notes classified as short-term for which principal repayments may be made in shares of Common Stock at our election. In addition, included in total current liabilities is approximately $1,742,000 which relates to obligations that will not settle in cash, and an additional $465,000 of liabilities that are not expected to settle in the next twelve months.

 

While we have aggressively reduced operating and overhead expenses, and while we continue to focus on our overall profitability, we have continued to generate negative cash flows from operations and we expect to incur net losses in the foreseeable future. As discussed above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 includes an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The receipt of this explanatory paragraph with respect to our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 will result in a breach of a covenant under the Senior Secured Note (as defined below) which, if unremedied for a period of 30 days after the date hereof, will constitute an event of default under the Senior Secured Note. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Senior Secured Note, Rockmore may, among other things, declare the Senior Secured Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts owing under the Senior Secured Note to be due and payable. If the maturity date of the Senior Secured Note is accelerated as a result of the event of default referenced above, an event of default under the Convertible Notes would be triggered. If an event of default under the Convertible Notes occurs, the outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes, liquidated damages and other amounts owing in respect thereof through the date of acceleration, shall become, at the holder’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.

  

We have taken actions to improve our overall cash position and access to liquidity by exploring valuable strategic partnerships, right-sizing our corporate structure, and stream-lining our operations. We expect that the actions taken in 2018 and early 2019 will enhance our liquidity and financial environment. In addition, we expect to generate additional liquidity through the monetization of certain investments and other assets. We expect that these actions will be executed in alignment with the anticipated timing of our liquidity needs. There can be no assurance, however, that any such opportunities will materialize.

 

Our historical operating results indicate that there is substantial doubt related to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. We believe it is probable that the actions discussed above will transpire and will successfully mitigate the substantial doubt raised by our historical operating results and will satisfy our liquidity needs 12 months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, we cannot reasonably predict with any certainty that the results of our planned actions will generate the expected liquidity required to satisfy our liquidity needs.

 

If we continue to experience operating losses, and we are not able to generate additional liquidity through the actions described above or through some combination of other actions, while not expected, we may not be able to access additional funds and we might need to secure additional sources of funds, which may or may not be available to us. Additionally, a failure to generate additional liquidity could negatively impact our access to inventory or services that are important to the operation of our business.

 

Recent Developments

 

CEO Transition

 

On February 8, 2019, Edward Jankowski resigned as Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company. Mr. Jankowski’s resignation was not as a result of any disagreement with the Company on any matters related to the Company’s operations, policies or practices. Mr. Jankowski will receive termination benefits including $375,000 payable in equal installments over a twelve-month term commencing on February 13, 2019 and COBRA continuation coverage paid in full by the Company for up to a maximum of twelve months.

 

Effective as of February 11, 2019, Douglas Satzman was appointed by our board of directors as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company.  

  

Reverse Stock Split

 

On February 22, 2019, we filed a certificate of amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of our shares of Common Stock. Such amendment and ratio were previously approved by our stockholders and board of directors, respectively.

 

As a result of the reverse stock split, every twenty (20) shares of our pre-reverse split Common Stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of Common Stock. Proportionate voting rights and other rights of Common Stock holders were affected by the reverse stock split. Stockholders who would have otherwise held a fractional share of Common Stock received payment in cash in lieu of any such resulting fractional shares of Common Stock as the post-reverse split amounts of Common Stock were rounded down to the nearest full share. Such cash payment in lieu of a fractional share of Common Stock was calculated by multiplying such fractional interest in one share of Common Stock by the closing trading price of our Common Stock on February 22, 2019, and rounded to the nearest cent. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the reverse stock split.

 

Our Common Stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on a post-reverse split basis at the open of business on February 25, 2019.

 

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Dispositions

 

On October 20, 2017, we sold FLI Charge to a group of private investors and FLI Charge management, who now own and operate FLI Charge. In February 2019, the Company entered into an agreement to release FLI Charge’s obligation to pay any royalties on FLI Charge’s perpetual gross revenues with regard to conductive wireless charging, power, or accessories, and to cancel its warrants exercisable in FLI Charge in exchange for cash proceeds of $1,100,000 which were received in full on February 15, 2019.

 

On March 22, 2018, we sold Group Mobile to a third party. We have not provided any continued management or financing support to FLI Charge or Group Mobile.

 

Rebranding

 

On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. from FORM Holdings Corp, which aligned our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company. Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018.

 

Sale of Patents

 

In January 2018, we sold certain patents to Crypto Currency Patent Holdings Company LLC, a unit of Marathon Patent Group, Inc. (“Marathon”), for approximately $1,250,000, comprised of $250,000 in cash and 250,000 shares of Marathon Common Stock valued at approximately $1,000,000 (the “Marathon Common Stock”) at the time of the transaction. The Marathon Common Stock was subject to a lockup period (the “Lockup Period”) which commenced on the Transaction Date and ended on July 11, 2018, subject to a leak-out provision.

 

Collaboration Agreement

 

On November 12, 2018, we entered into a Product Sale and Marketing Agreement (the “Collaboration Agreement”) with Calm.com, Inc. (“Calm”) primarily related to the display, marketing, promotion, offer for sale and sale of Calm’s products in each of our branded stores throughout the United States.

 

The Collaboration Agreement will remain in effect until July 31, 2019, unless terminated earlier in accordance with its terms, and automatically renew for successive terms of six months unless either party provides written notice of termination no later than thirty days prior to any such automatic renewal.

 

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Competition

 

XpresSpa operated 56 locations, which includes 51 domestic locations and 5 international locations as of December 31, 2018. Our domestic units operate within many of the largest and most heavily trafficked airports in the United States. The balance of the North American market is highly fragmented and is represented largely by small, privately-owned entities that operate one or two locations in a single airport. Only two other market participants operate 10 or more airport locations in the United States. The largest domestic competitor operates 16 locations in nine airports in North America. Outside of North America, this same competitor operates 20 locations in eight international airports.

 

Our Market

 

Airport retailers differ significantly from traditional retailers. Unlike traditional retailers, airport retailers benefit from a steady and largely predictable flow of traffic from a constantly changing customer base. Airport retailers also benefit from “dwell time,” the period after travelers have passed through airport security and before they board an aircraft. For over 15 years, increased security requirements have led travelers to spend more time at the airport. In addition, in anticipation of the long and often stressful security lines, travelers allow for more time to get through security and, as a result, often experience increased downtime prior to boarding.

 

XpresSpa was developed to address the stress and idle time spent at the airport, allowing travelers to spend this time productively, by relaxing and focusing on personal care and wellness. We believe that XpresSpa is well positioned to benefit from consumers’ growing interest in health and wellness and increasing demand for spa services and related wellness products. According to the Global Wellness Institute, global wellness was a $4.2 trillion industry in 2018, which was an increase of 13.5% from $3.7 trillion in 2015. In addition, according to the Global Wellness Institute, the global spa industry represented $119 billion in 2018 and the fitness, mind and body industry represented $595 billion in 2018.

 

In addition, a confluence of microeconomic events has created favorable conditions for the expansion of retail concepts at airports, in particular, retail concepts that attract higher spending from air travelers. The competition for airplane landings has forced airports to lower landing fees, which in turn has necessitated augmenting their retail offerings to offset budget shortfalls. Infrastructure projects at airports across the country, again intended to make an airport more desirable to airlines, require funding from bond issuances that in turn rely upon, in part, the expected minimum rent guarantees and expected income from concessionaires.

 

Equally as important to the industry growth is XpresSpa’s flexible retail format. XpresSpa opens multiple locations annually, which have ranged in size from 200 square feet to 2,600 square feet, with a typical size of approximately 1,200 square feet. XpresSpa is able to adapt its operating model to almost any size location available in space constrained airports. This increased flexibility compared to other retail concepts allows XpresSpa to operate multiple stores within an airport, from which it enjoys synergies due to shared labor between stores.

 

XpresSpa believes that its operating metrics represent an attractive return on invested capital and, as a result, is pursuing new locations at airports and terminals around the country. Historically, XpresSpa has won approximately seventy percent of all requests for proposal (“RFP”) in which it has participated.

 

Regulation

 

Our operations are subject to a range of laws and regulations adopted by national, regional and local authorities from the various jurisdictions in which we operate, including those relating to, among others, licensing (e.g., massage, nail, and cosmetology), public health and safety and fire codes. Failure to obtain or retain required licenses and approvals, including those related to licensing, public health and safety and fire codes, would adversely affect our operations. Although we have not experienced, and do not anticipate, significant problems obtaining required licenses, permits or approvals, any difficulties, delays or failures in obtaining such licenses, permits or approvals could delay or prevent the opening, or adversely impact the viability, of our operations.

 

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Airport authorities in the United States frequently require that our airport concessions meet minimum Airport Concession Disadvantaged Business Enterprise ("ACDBE") participation requirements. The Department of Transportation’s (“DOT”) ACDBE program is implemented by recipients of DOT Federal Financial Assistance, including airport agencies that receive federal funding. The ACDBE program is administered by the Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”), state and local ACDBE certifying agencies and individual airports. The ACDBE program is designed to help ensure that small firms owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals can compete for airport contracting and concession opportunities in domestic passenger service airports. The ACDBE regulations require that airport recipients establish annual ACDBE participation goals, review the scope of anticipated large prime contracts throughout the year, and establish contract-specific ACDBE participation goals. We generally meet the contract specific goals through an agreement providing for co-ownership of the retail location with a disadvantaged business enterprise. Frequently, and within the guidelines issued by the FAA, we may lend money to ACDBEs in connection with concession agreements in order to help the ACDBE fund the capital investment required under a concession agreement. The rules and regulations governing the certification of ACDBE participation in airport concession agreements are complex, and ensuring ongoing compliance is costly and time consuming. Further, if we fail to comply with the minimum ACDBE participation requirements in our concession agreements, we may be held responsible for breach of contract, which could result in the termination of a concession agreement and monetary damages. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors – Risks Related to our Business Operations – Failure to comply with minimum airport concession disadvantaged business enterprise participation goals and requirements could lead to lost business opportunities or the loss of existing business.”

 

We are subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, the Occupational Safety and Health Act and various federal and state laws governing matters such as minimum wages, overtime, unemployment tax rates, workers’ compensation rates, citizenship requirements and other working conditions. We are also subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in public accommodations and employment, which may require us to design or modify our concession locations to make reasonable accommodations for disabled persons.

 

We are also subject to certain truth-in-advertising, general customs, consumer and data protection, product safety, workers’ health and safety and public health rules that govern retailers in general, as well as the merchandise sold within the various jurisdictions in which we operate.

 

Employees

 

As of March 15, 2019, we had 517 full-time and 186 part-time employees. XpresSpa had 32 full-time employees in San Francisco International Airport, who are represented by a labor union and are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. XpresSpa had 20 full-time employees in Los Angeles International Airport, who are represented by a labor union and are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We consider our relationships with our employees to be good.

 

Corporate Information

 

We were incorporated in Delaware as a corporation on January 9, 2006 and completed an initial public offering in June 2010. On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. from FORM Holdings Corp. as part of a rebranding that aligned our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company. Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which was previously listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018. Our principal executive offices are located at 780 Third Avenue, 12th Floor, New York, New York 10017. Our telephone number is (212) 309-7549 and our website address is www.xpresspagroup.com. We also operate the website www.xpresspa.com. References in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to our website address does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the website. We make our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, other reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, and amendments to the foregoing reports, available free of charge on or through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after we file these reports with, or furnish such reports to, the SEC. In addition, we post the following information on our website:

  

  · our corporate code of conduct and our insider trading compliance manual; and

 

  · charters for our audit committee, compensation committee, and nominating and corporate governance committee.

 

The public may read and copy any materials that we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Also, the SEC maintains an Internet website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC. The public can obtain any documents that we file with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Our business, financial condition, results of operations and the trading price of our Common Stock could be materially adversely affected by any of the following risks as well as the other risks highlighted elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may materially affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Risks Related to our Financial Condition and Capital Requirements

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The audited financial statements included in this annual report have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern and do not include any adjustments that might result if we cease to continue as a going concern. The report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, included an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our auditors’ doubts are based on our recurring losses from operations and working capital deficiency. The inclusion of a going concern explanatory paragraph in future reports of our independent auditors may make it more difficult for us to secure additional financing or enter into strategic relationships on terms acceptable to us, if at all, and may materially and adversely affect the terms of any financing that we might obtain.

 

Our business and financial condition could be constrained by XpresSpa’s outstanding debt, including the impact of the receipt of an explanatory paragraph with respect to our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

XpresSpa is obligated under a credit agreement and secured promissory note payable to Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd. (“Rockmore”), a related party, which has an outstanding balance of approximately $6,500,000, with a maturity date of December 31, 2019 (the “Senior Secured Note”). The Senior Secured Note accrues interest of 11.24% per annum. XpresSpa is obligated to make periodic payments on such debt obligations to Rockmore. While we do not anticipate failing to make any such debt payments, the failure to do so may result in the default of loan obligations, leading to financial and operational hardship. XpresSpa has granted Rockmore a security interest in all of its tangible and intangible personal property to secure its obligations under the Senior Secured Note. The Senior Secured Note is an outstanding obligation of XpresSpa but is guaranteed by us.

 

As discussed above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 includes an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The receipt of this explanatory paragraph with respect to our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 will result in a breach of a covenant under the Senior Secured Note which, if unremedied for a period of 30 days after the date hereof, will constitute an event of default under the Senior Secured Note.

 

Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Senior Secured Note, Rockmore may, among other things, declare the Senior Secured Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts owing under the Senior Secured Note to be due and payable.

 

In addition, we are obligated under our 5% Secured Convertible Notes due November 17, 2019 (the “Convertible Notes”), which collectively had an outstanding unamortized book balance of approximately $1,986,000 as of December 31, 2018, and a total fair value upon issuance of $4,350,000. The Convertible Notes accrue interest of 5% per annum subject to increase in the event of default to the lesser of 18% per annum or the maximum rate permitted under applicable law. The Convertible Notes, including interest accrued thereon, are convertible at any time until a Convertible Note is no longer outstanding, in whole or in part, at the option of the holders into shares of our Common Stock at a conversion price of $12.40 per share. We are obligated to make periodic payments on such debt obligations to each noteholder; and we can elect to make such payments either in cash or in stock. In addition, we have granted a security interest to the noteholders in all of our tangible and intangible personal property to secure our obligations under the Convertible Notes.

 

The Convertible Notes mature on November 17, 2019. If we fail to meet certain conditions under the terms of the Convertible Notes, we will be obligated to repay in cash any principal amount, interest and any other sum arising under the Convertible Notes that remains outstanding on the maturity date. If the maturity date of the Senior Secured Note is accelerated as a result of the event of default referenced above, an event of default under the Convertible Notes would be triggered. If an event of default under the Convertible Notes occurs, the outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes, liquidated damages and other amounts owing in respect thereof through the date of acceleration, shall become, at the holder’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.

  

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Our failure to cure the event of default under the Senior Secured Note could cause material harm to our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We may not be able to raise additional capital. Moreover, additional financing may have an adverse effect on the value of the equity instruments held by our stockholders.

 

We may choose to raise additional funds in connection with any potential acquisition of operating businesses or other assets. In addition, we may also need additional funds to respond to business opportunities and challenges, including our ongoing operating expenses, protection of our assets, development of new lines of business and enhancement of our operating infrastructure. While we may need to seek additional funding, we may not be able to obtain financing on acceptable terms, or at all. In addition, the terms of our financings may be dilutive to, or otherwise adversely affect, holders of our Common Stock. We may also seek additional funds through arrangements with collaborators or other third parties. We may not be able to negotiate arrangements on acceptable terms, if at all. If we are unable to obtain additional funding on a timely basis, we may be required to curtail or terminate some or all of our business plans. Any such financing that we undertake will likely be dilutive to our current stockholders.

 

Our ability to use our net operating loss carryforwards and certain other tax attributes may be limited.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had federal net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) of $150,926,000 which expire 20 years from the respective tax years to which they relate, and $23,139,000 for U.S. federal purposes with an indefinite life due to new regulations in the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act,” or TCJA of 2017. Our ability to utilize our NOLs may be limited under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. The limitations apply if an ownership change, as defined by Section 382, occurs. Generally, an ownership change occurs when certain stockholders increase their aggregate ownership by more than 50 percentage points over their lowest ownership percentage in a testing period (typically three years). Additionally, United States tax laws limit the time during which these carryforwards may be utilized against future taxes. As a result, we may not be able to take full advantage of these carryforwards for federal and state tax purposes. Future changes in stock ownership may also trigger an ownership change and, consequently, a Section 382 limitation.

 

The recently passed comprehensive federal tax reform bill could adversely affect our business and financial condition.

 

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed into law the TCJA, which significantly reformed the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. The TCJA, among other things, contains significant changes to corporate taxation, including the reduction of the corporate tax rate from a top marginal rate of 35% to a flat rate of 21%, the limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense to 30% of adjusted earnings (except for certain small businesses), the limitation of the deduction for net operating losses to 80% of current year taxable income and the elimination of net operating loss carrybacks and modification or repeal of many business deductions and credits (including the reduction of the business tax credit for certain clinical testing expenses incurred in the testing of certain drugs for rare diseases or conditions generally referred to as “orphan drugs”). We continue to examine the impact this tax reform legislation may have on our business. However, the effect of the TCJA on our business, whether adverse or favorable, is uncertain, and may not become evident for some period of time. We urge investors to consult with their legal and tax advisers regarding the implications of the TCJA on an investment in our Common Stock.

 

Global economic and market conditions may adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

Our business plan depends significantly on worldwide economic conditions and our success is dependent on consumer spending, which is sensitive to economic downturns, inflation and any associated rise in unemployment, decline in consumer confidence, adverse changes in exchange rates, increase in interest rates, increase in the price of oil, deflation, direct or indirect taxes or increase in consumer debt levels. As a result, economic downturns may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, uncertainty about global economic conditions poses a risk as businesses and individuals may postpone spending in response to tighter credit, negative financial news and declines in income or asset values. This could have a negative effect on corporate and individual spending on health and wellness and travel. These factors, taken together or individually, could cause material harm to our business, financial condition and results of operations.

  

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Risks Related to our Business Operations

 

XpresSpa is reliant on international and domestic airplane travel, and the time that airline passengers spend in United States airports post-security. A decrease in airline travel, a decrease in the desire of customers to buy spa services and products, or decreased time spent in airports would negatively impact XpresSpa’s operations.

 

XpresSpa depends upon a large number of airplane travelers with the propensity for health and wellness, and in particular spa treatments and products, spending significant time post- security clearance check points.

 

If the number of airline travelers decreases, if the time that these travelers spend post-security decreases, and/or if travelers ability or willingness to pay for XpresSpa’s products and services diminishes, this could have an adverse effect on XpresSpa’s growth, business activities, cash flow, financial condition and results of operations. Some reasons for these events could include:

 

  · terrorist activities (including cyber-attacks), pandemics and outbreaks of contagious diseases, such as the Zika or Ebola crises, impacting either domestic or international travel through airports where XpresSpa operates, causing fear of flying, flight cancellations, or an economic downturn, or any other event of a similar nature, even if not directly affecting the airline industry, may lead to a significant reduction in the number of airline passengers;

  

  · a decrease in business spending that impacts business travel, such as a recession;

 

  · a decrease in consumer spending that impacts leisure travel, such as a recession or a stock market downturn or a change in consumer lending regulations impacting available credit for leisure travel;

 

  · an increase in airfare prices that impacts the willingness of air travelers to fly, such as an increase in oil prices or heightened taxation from federal or other aviation authorities;

 

  · severe weather, ash clouds, airport closures, natural disasters, strikes or accidents (airplane or otherwise), causing travelers to decrease the amount that they fly and any of these events, or any other event of a similar nature, even if not directly affecting the airline industry, may lead to a significant reduction in the number of airline passengers;  

 

  · scientific studies that malign the use of spa services or the products used in spa services, such as the impact of certain chemicals and procedures on health and wellness; or

 

  · streamlined security screening checkpoints, which could decrease the wait time at checkpoints and therefore the time air travelers budget for spending time at the airport.

 

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Further, any disruption to, or suspension of services provided by, airlines and the travel industry as a result of financial difficulties, labor disputes, construction work, increased security, changes to regulations governing airlines, mergers and acquisitions in the airline industry and challenging economic conditions causing airlines to reduce flight schedules or increase the price of airline tickets could negatively affect the number of airline passengers.

 

Additionally, the threat of terrorism and governmental measures in response thereto, such as increased security measures, recent executive orders in the United States impacting entry into the United States and changing attitudes towards the environmental impacts of air travel may in each case reduce demand for air travel and, as a result, decrease airline passenger traffic at airports.

 

The effect that these factors would have on our business depends on their magnitude and duration, and a reduction in airline passenger numbers will result in a decrease in our sales and may have a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our success will depend in part on relationships with third parties. Any adverse changes in these relationships could adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

Our success is dependent on our ability to maintain and renew our business relationships and to establish new business relationships. There can be no assurance that our management will be able to maintain such business relationships or enter into or maintain new business contracts and other business relationships, on acceptable terms, if at all. The failure to maintain important business relationships could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

We rely on a limited number of distributors and suppliers for certain of our products, and events outside our control may disrupt our supply chain, which could result in an inability to perform our obligations under our concession agreements and ultimately cause us to lose our concessions.

 

We rely on a small number of suppliers for our products. As a result, these distributors may have increased bargaining power and we may be required to accept less favorable purchasing terms. In the event of a dispute with a supplier or distributor, the delivery of a significant amount of merchandise may be delayed or cancelled, or we may be forced to purchase merchandise from other suppliers on less favorable terms. Such events could cause turnover to fall or costs to increase, adversely affecting our business, financial condition and results of operations. In particular, we have publicized our sale of certain brands of products in our stores – our failure to sell these brands may adversely affect our business.

 

Further, damage or disruption to our supply chain due to any of the following could impair our ability to sell our products: adverse weather conditions or natural disaster, government action, fire, terrorism, cyber-attacks, the outbreak or escalation of armed hostilities, pandemic, industrial accidents or other occupational health and safety issues, strikes and other labor disputes, customs or import restrictions or other reasons beyond our control or the control of our suppliers and business partners. Failure to take adequate steps to mitigate the likelihood or potential impact of such events, or to effectively manage such events if they occur, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as require additional resources to restore our supply chain.

 

XpresSpa’s operating results may fluctuate significantly due to certain factors, some of which are beyond its control.

 

XpresSpa’s operating results may fluctuate from period to period significantly because of several factors, including:

 

  · the timing and size of new unit openings, particularly the launch of new terminals;

 

  · passenger traffic and seasonality of air travel;

 

  · changes in the price and availability of supplies;

 

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  · macroeconomic conditions, both nationally and locally;

 

  · changes in consumer preferences and competitive conditions;

 

  · expansion to new markets and new locations; and

 

  · increases in infrastructure costs, including those costs associated with the build-out of new concession locations and renovating existing concession locations.

 

XpresSpa’s operating results may fluctuate significantly as a result of the factors discussed above. Accordingly, results for any period are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any other period or for any year.

 

XpresSpa’s expansion into new airports or off-airport locations may present increased risks due to its unfamiliarity with those areas.

 

XpresSpa’s growth strategy depends upon expanding into markets where it has little or no meaningful operating experience. Those locations may have demographic characteristics, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns that are different from those in the markets where its existing operations are located. As a result, new airport terminal and/or off-airport operations may be less successful than existing concession locations in current airport terminals. XpresSpa may find it more difficult in new markets to hire, motivate and keep qualified employees who can project its vision, passion and culture. XpresSpa may also be unfamiliar with local laws, regulations and administrative procedures, including the procurement of spa services retail licenses, in new markets which could delay the build-out of new concession locations and prevent it from achieving its target revenues on a timely basis. Operations in new markets may also have lower average revenues or enplanements than in the markets where XpresSpa currently operates. Operations in new markets may also take longer to ramp up and reach expected sales and profit levels, and may never do so, thereby negatively affecting XpresSpa’s results of operations.

 

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XpresSpa’s growth strategy is highly dependent on its ability to successfully identify and open new XpresSpa locations.

 

XpresSpa’s growth strategy primarily contemplates expansion through procuring new XpresSpa locations and opening new XpresSpa stores and kiosks. Implementing this strategy depends on XpresSpa’s ability to successfully identify new store locations. XpresSpa will also need to assess and mitigate the risk of any new store locations, to open the stores on favorable terms and to successfully integrate their operations with ours. XpresSpa may not be able to successfully identify opportunities that meet these criteria, or, if it does, XpresSpa may not be able to successfully negotiate and open new stores on a timely basis. If XpresSpa is unable to identify and open new locations in accordance with its operating plan, XpresSpa’s revenue growth rate and financial performance may fall short of our expectations.

 

Our profitability depends on the number of airline passengers in the terminals in which we have concessions. Changes by airport authorities or airlines that lower the number of airline passengers in any of these terminals could affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The number of airline passengers that visit the terminals in which we have concessions is dependent in part on decisions made by airlines and airport authorities relating to flight arrivals and departures. A decrease in the number of flights and resulting decrease in airline passengers could result in fewer sales, which could lower our profitability and negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations. Concession agreements generally provide for a minimum annual guaranteed payment (“MAG”) payable to the airport authority or landlord regardless of the amount of sales at the concession. Currently, the majority of our concession agreements provide for a MAG that is either a fixed dollar amount or an amount that is variable based upon the number of travelers using the airport or other location, retail space used, estimated sales, past results or other metrics. If there are fewer airline passengers than expected or if there is a decline in the sales per airline passenger at these facilities, we will nonetheless be required to pay the MAG or fixed rent and our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

 

Furthermore, the exit of an airline from a market or the bankruptcy of an airline could reduce the number of airline passengers in a terminal or airport where we operate and have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We may not be able to execute our growth strategy to expand and integrate new concessions or future acquisitions into our business or remodel existing concessions. Any new concessions, future acquisitions or remodeling of existing concessions may divert management resources, result in unanticipated costs, or dilute the ownership of our stockholders.

 

Part of our growth strategy is to expand and remodel our existing facilities and to seek new concessions through tenders, direct negotiations or other acquisition opportunities. In this regard, our future growth will depend upon a number of factors, such as our ability to identify any such opportunities, structure a competitive proposal and obtain required financing and consummate an offer. Our growth strategy will also depend on factors that may not be within our control, such as the timing of any concession or acquisition opportunity.

 

We must also strategically identify which airport terminals and concession agreements to target based on numerous factors, such as airline passenger numbers, airport size, the type, location and quality of available concession space, level of anticipated competition within the terminal, potential future growth within the airport and terminal, rental structure, financial return and regulatory requirements. We cannot provide assurance that this strategy will be successful.

 

In addition, we may encounter difficulties integrating expanded or new concessions or any acquisitions. Such expanded or new concessions or acquisitions may not achieve anticipated turnover and earnings growth or synergies and cost savings. Delays in the commencement of new projects and the refurbishment of concessions can also affect our business. In addition, we will expend resources to remodel our concessions and may not be able to recoup these investments. A failure to grow successfully may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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In particular, new concessions and acquisitions, and in some cases future expansions and remodeling of existing concessions, could pose numerous risks to our operations, including that we may:

 

  · have difficulty integrating operations or personnel;

 

  · incur substantial unanticipated integration costs;

 

  · experience unexpected construction and development costs and project delays;

 

 

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face difficulties associated with securing required governmental approvals, permits and licenses (including construction permits) in a timely manner and responding effectively to any changes in federal, state or local laws and regulations that adversely affect our costs or ability to open new concessions;

 

  · have challenges identifying and engaging local business partners to meet ACDBE requirements in concession agreements;

 

  · not be able to obtain construction materials or labor at acceptable costs;

 

  · face engineering or environmental problems associated with our new and existing facilities;

 

  · experience significant diversion of management attention and financial resources from our existing operations in order to integrate expanded, new or acquired businesses, which could disrupt our ongoing business;

 

  · lose key employees, particularly with respect to acquired or new operations;

 

  · have difficulty retaining or developing acquired or new business customers;

 

  · impair our existing business relationships with suppliers or other third parties as a result of acquisitions;

 

  · fail to realize the potential cost savings or other financial benefits and/or the strategic benefits of acquisitions, new concessions or remodeling; and

 

  · incur liabilities from the acquired businesses and we may not be successful in seeking indemnification for such liabilities.

 

In connection with acquisitions or other similar investments, we could incur debt or amortization expenses related to intangible assets, suffer asset impairments, assume liabilities or issue stock that would dilute the percentage of ownership of our then-current stockholders. We may not be able to complete acquisitions or integrate the operations, products, technologies or personnel gained through any such acquisition, which may have a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If the estimates and assumptions we use to determine the size of our market are inaccurate, our future growth rate may be impacted.

 

Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts are subject to uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may not prove to be accurate. The estimates and forecasts in this annual report relating to the size and expected growth of the travel retail market may prove to be inaccurate. Even if the market in which we compete meets our size estimates and forecasted growth, our business could fail to grow at similar rates, if at all. The principal assumptions relating to our market opportunity include projected growth in the travel retail market and our share of the market. If these assumptions prove inaccurate, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

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Our business requires substantial capital expenditures and we may not have access to the capital required to maintain and grow our operations.

 

Maintaining and expanding our operations in our existing and new retail locations is capital intensive. Specifically, the construction, redesign and maintenance of our retail space in airport terminals where we operate, technology costs, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations require substantial capital expenditures. We may require additional capital in the future to fund our operations and respond to potential strategic opportunities, such as investments, acquisitions and expansions.

 

We must continue to invest capital to maintain or to improve the success of our concessions and to meet refurbishment requirements in our concessions. Decisions to expand into new terminals could also affect our capital needs. Our actual capital expenditures in any year will vary depending on, among other things, the extent to which we are successful in renewing existing concessions and winning additional concession agreements.

 

We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to maintain our operating performance, generate sufficient cash flow, or have access to sufficient financing to continue our operations and development activities at or above our present levels, and we may be required to defer all or a portion of our capital expenditures. Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected if we cannot make such capital expenditures.

 

XpresSpa currently relies on a skilled, licensed labor force to provide spa services, and the supply of this labor force is finite. If XpresSpa cannot hire adequate staff for its locations, it will not be able to operate.

 

As of March 15, 2019, XpresSpa had 517 full-time and 186 part-time employees in its locations. Excluding some dedicated retail staff, the majority of these employees are licensed to perform spa services, and hold such licenses as masseuses, nail technicians, aestheticians, barbers and master barbers. The demand for these licensed technicians has been increasing as more consumers gravitate to health and wellness treatments such as spa services. XpresSpa competes not only with other airport-based spa companies but with spa companies outside of the airport for this skilled labor force. In addition, all staff hired by XpresSpa must pass the background checks and security clearances necessary to work in airport locations. If XpresSpa is unable to attract and retain qualified staff to work in its airport locations, its ability to operate will be impacted negatively.

 

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Our business is subject to various laws and regulations, and changes in such laws and regulations, or failure to comply with existing or future laws and regulations, could adversely affect us.

 

We are subject to various laws and regulations in the United States, Netherlands and United Arab Emirates that affect the operation of our concessions. The impact of current laws and regulations, the effect of changes in laws or regulations that impose additional requirements and the consequences of litigation relating to current or future laws and regulations, or our inability to respond effectively to significant regulatory or public policy issues, could increase our compliance and other costs of doing business and, therefore, have an adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

Failure to comply with the laws and regulatory requirements of governmental authorities could result in, among other things, revocation of required licenses, administrative enforcement actions, fines and civil and criminal liability. In addition, certain laws may require us to expend significant funds to make modifications to our concessions in order to comply with applicable standards. Compliance with such laws and regulations can be costly and can increase our exposure to litigation or governmental investigations or proceedings.

 

XpresSpa’s labor force could unionize, putting upward pressure on labor costs.

 

Currently, XpresSpa stores in two airports have a labor force which is unionized. Major players in labor organization, and in particular “Unite Here!” which represents approximately 45,000 employees in the airport concessions and airline catering industries, could target XpresSpa locations for its unionization efforts. In the event of the successful unionization of all of XpresSpa’s labor force, XpresSpa would likely incur additional costs in the form of higher wages, more benefits such as vacation and sick leave, and potentially also higher health care insurance costs.

 

XpresSpa competes for new locations in airports and may not be able to secure new locations.

 

XpresSpa participates in the highly competitive and lucrative airport concessions industry, and as a result competes for retail leases with a variety of larger, better capitalized concessions companies as well as smaller, mid-tier and single unit operators. Frequently, an airport includes a spa concept within its retail product set and, in those instances, XpresSpa competes primarily with BeRelax, Terminal Getaway, Massage Bar and 10 Minute Manicure.

 

We may not be able to predict accurately or fulfill customer preferences or demands.

 

We derive a significant amount of our revenue from the sale of massage, cosmetic and luxury products which are subject to rapidly changing customer tastes. The availability of new products and changes in customer preferences has made it more difficult to predict sales demand for these types of products accurately. Our success depends in part on our ability to predict and respond to quickly changing consumer demands and preferences, and to translate market trends into appropriate merchandise offerings. Additionally, due to our limited sales space relative to other retailers, the proper selection of salable merchandise is an important factor in revenue generation. We cannot provide assurance that our merchandise selection will correspond to actual sales demand. If we are unable to predict or rapidly respond to sales demand or to changing styles or trends, or if we experience inventory shortfalls on popular merchandise, our revenue may be lower, which could have a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

XpresSpa’s leases may be terminated, either for convenience by the landlord or as a result of an XpresSpa default.

 

XpresSpa has store locations and kiosks in a number of airports in which the landlord, with prior written notice to XpresSpa, can terminate XpresSpa’s lease, including for convenience or as necessary for airport purposes or operations. If a landlord elects to terminate a lease at an airport, XpresSpa may have to shut down one or more store locations at that airport.

 

Additionally, XpresSpa leases have numerous provisions governing the operation of XpresSpa’s stores. Violation of one or more of these provisions, even unintentionally, may result in the landlord finding that XpresSpa is in default of the lease. Violation of lease provisions may result in fines and, in some cases, termination of a lease.

 

XpresSpa’s ability to operate depends on the traffic patterns of the terminals in which it operates, and the cessation or disruption of air traveler traffic in these terminals would negatively impact XpresSpa’s addressable market.

 

XpresSpa depends on a high volume of air travelers in its terminals. It is possible that a terminal in which XpresSpa operates could become subject to a lower volume of air travelers, which would significantly impact traffic near and around XpresSpa locations and therefore its total addressable market. Lower volume in a terminal could be caused by:

 

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  · terminal construction that results in the temporary or permanent closure of a unit, or adversely impacts the volume or pattern of traffic flows within an airport;

 

  · an airline utilizing an airport in which XpresSpa operates could abandon that airport or an individual terminal in favor of other airports or terminals, or because it is contracting operations; or

 

  · adverse weather conditions could cause damage to the terminal or airport in which XpresSpa operates, resulting in the temporary or permanent closure of a unit.

 

We are dependent on our local partners.

 

Our local partners, including our ACDBE partners, maintain ownership interests in certain of our locations. Our participation in these operating entities differs from market to market. While the precise terms of each relationship vary, our local partners may have control over certain portions of the operations of these concessions. The stores are operated pursuant to the applicable joint venture agreement governing the relationship between us and our local partner. Generally, these agreements also provide that strategic decisions are to be made by a committee comprised of us and our local partner. These concessions involve risks that are different from the risks involved in operating a concession independently, and include the possibility that our local partners:

 

  · are in a position to take action contrary to our instructions, our requests, our policies, our objectives or applicable laws;

 

  · take actions that reduce our return on investment;

 

  · go bankrupt or are otherwise unable to meet their capital contribution obligations;

 

  · have economic or business interests or goals that are or become inconsistent with our business interests or goals; or

 

  · take actions that harm our reputation or restrict our ability to run our business.

 

Failure to comply with minimum airport concession disadvantaged business enterprise participation goals and requirements could lead to lost business opportunities or the loss of existing business.

 

Pursuant to ACDBE participation requirements, XpresSpa is often required to meet, or use good faith efforts to meet, certain minimum ACDBE participation requirements when bidding on or submitting proposals for new concession contracts. If XpresSpa is unable to find and/or partner with an appropriate ACDBE, XpresSpa may lose opportunities to open new locations. In addition, a number of XpresSpa’s existing leases contain minimum ACDBE participation requirements which require the ACDBE to own a significant portion of the business being operated under those leases. The level of ACDBE participation requirements may affect XpresSpa’s profitability and/or its ability to meet financial forecasts.

 

Further, if XpresSpa fails to comply with the minimum ACDBE participation requirements, XpresSpa may be held responsible for a breach of contract, which could result in the termination of a lease and impairment of XpresSpa’s ability to bid on or obtain future concession contracts. To the extent that XpresSpa leases are terminated and XpresSpa is required to shut down one or more store locations, there could be a material adverse impact to its business and results of operations.

 

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Continued minimum wage increases would negatively impact XpresSpa’s cost of labor.

 

XpresSpa compensates its licensed technicians via a formula that includes commissions. As a result, an increase in the minimum wage would increase XpresSpa’s cost of labor and have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Information technology systems failure or disruption, or changes to information technology related to payment systems, could impact our day-to-day operations.

 

Our information technology systems are used to record and process transactions at our point-of-sale interfaces and to manage our operations. These systems provide information regarding most aspects of our financial and operational performance, statistical data about our customers, our sales transactions and our inventory management. Fire, natural disasters, power-loss, telecommunications failure, break-ins, terrorist attacks (including cyber-attacks), computer viruses, electronic intrusion attempts from both external and internal sources and similar events or disruptions may damage or impact our information technology systems at any time. These events could cause system interruption, delays or loss of critical data and could disrupt our acceptance and fulfillment of customer orders, as well as disrupt our operations and management. For example, although our point-of-sales systems are programmed to operate and process customer orders independently from the availability of our central data systems and even of the network, if a problem were to disable electronic payment systems in our stores, credit card payments would need to be processed manually, which could result in fewer transactions. Significant disruption to systems could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We also continually enhance or modify the technology used for our operations. We cannot be sure that any enhancements or other modifications we make to our operations will achieve the intended results or otherwise be of value to our customers. Future enhancements and modifications to our technology could consume considerable resources. We may be required to enhance our payment systems with new technology, which could require significant expenditures. If we are unable to maintain and enhance our technology to process transactions, we may experience a materially adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

If XpresSpa is unable to protect its customers’ credit card data and other personal information, XpresSpa could be exposed to data loss, litigation and liability, and its reputation could be significantly harmed.

 

Privacy protection is increasingly demanding, and the use of electronic payment methods and collection of other personal information, including order history, travel history and other preferences, exposes XpresSpa to increased risk of privacy and/or security breaches as well as other risks. The majority of XpresSpa’s sales are by credit or debit cards. Additionally, XpresSpa collects and stores personal information from individuals, including its customers and employees.

 

In the future, XpresSpa may experience security breaches in which credit and debit card information or other personal information is stolen. Although XpresSpa uses secure private networks to transmit confidential information, third parties may have the technology or know-how to breach the security of the customer information transmitted in connection with credit and debit card sales, and its security measures and those of technology vendors may not effectively prohibit others from obtaining improper access to this information. The techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and are often difficult to detect for long periods of time, which may cause a breach to go undetected for an extensive period of time. Advances in computer and software capabilities, new tools, and other developments may increase the risk of such a breach. Further, the systems currently used for transmission and approval of electronic payment transactions, and the technology utilized in electronic payments themselves, all of which can put electronic payment at risk, are determined and controlled by the payment card industry, not by XpresSpa. In addition, contractors, or third parties with whom XpresSpa does business or to whom XpresSpa outsources business operations may attempt to circumvent its security measures in order to misappropriate such information and may purposefully or inadvertently cause a breach involving such information. If a person is able to circumvent XpresSpa’s security measures or those of third parties, he or she could destroy or steal valuable information or disrupt XpresSpa’s operations. XpresSpa may become subject to claims for purportedly fraudulent transactions arising out of the actual or alleged theft of credit or debit card information, and XpresSpa may also be subject to lawsuits or other proceedings relating to these types of incidents. Any such claim or proceeding could cause XpresSpa to incur significant unplanned expenses, which could have an adverse effect on its business or results of operations. Further, adverse publicity resulting from these allegations could significantly harm its reputation and may have a material adverse effect on it. Although XpresSpa carries cyber liability insurance to protect against these risks, there can be no assurance that such insurance will provide adequate levels of coverage against all potential claims.

 

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Negative social media regarding XpresSpa could result in decreased revenues and impact XpresSpa’s ability to recruit workers.

 

XpresSpa’s affinity among consumers is highly dependent on their positive feelings about the brand, its customer service and the range and quality of services and products that it offers. A negative customer experience that is posted to social media outlets and is distributed virally could tarnish XpresSpa’s brand and its customers may opt to no longer engage with the brand.

 

XpresSpa employs people in multiple different jurisdictions, and the employment laws of those jurisdictions are subject to change. In addition, its services are regulated through government-issued operating licenses. Noncompliance with applicable laws could result in employee lawsuits or legal action taken by government authorities.

 

XpresSpa must comply with a variety of employment and business practices laws across the United States, Netherlands and United Arab Emirates. XpresSpa monitors the laws governing its activities, but in the event it does not become aware of a new regulation or fails to comply with a regulation, it could be subject to disciplinary action by governing bodies and potentially employee lawsuits.

 

XpresSpa is not currently cash flow positive and will depend on funding to open new locations. In the event that capital is unavailable, XpresSpa will not be able to open new locations.

 

Throughout its operating history, XpresSpa has not generated sufficient cash from operations to fund its new store development. As a result, it will be dependent upon additional funding for its new location growth until such time as it can produce enough cash to profitably fund its own location growth.

 

XpresSpa sources, develops and sells products that may result in product liability defense costs and product liability payments.

 

XpresSpa’s products contain ingredients that are deemed to be safe by the United States Federal Drug Administration and the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act. However, there is no guarantee that these ingredients will not cause adverse health effects to some consumers given the wide range of ingredients and allergies amongst the general population. XpresSpa may face substantial product liability exposure for products it sells to the general public or that is uses in its services. Product liability claims, regardless of their merits, could be costly and divert management’s attention, and adversely affect XpresSpa’s reputation and the demand for its products and services. XpresSpa to date has not been named as a defendant in any product liability action.

 

21

 

 

We have commenced legal proceedings and/or licensing discussions with security, content distribution and/or telecommunications companies. We expect that licensing discussions may be time consuming and may either, absent any litigation we initiate, fail to lead to a license, or may result in litigations commenced by the potential licensee.

 

To license or otherwise monetize the patent assets that we own, we have commenced legal proceedings and/or attempted to commence licensing discussions with a number of companies, during the course of which we allege that such companies infringe one or more of our patents. The future viability of our licensing program is highly dependent on the outcome of these discussions, and there is a risk that we may be unable to achieve the results we desire from such negotiations and be forced either to accept minimal royalties or commence litigations against the alleged infringer. In addition, the recipients of our licensing overtures have substantially more resources than we do, which could make our licensing efforts more difficult. Furthermore, due to changes in the approach to patent laws around the world it has become much easier for potential licensees to commence proceedings to revoke or otherwise nullify our patents in lieu of engaging in bona fide licensing discussions. There is a real risk that any potential licensee we approach would rather commence proceedings to revoke our patents than engage in any licensing discussions whatsoever.

 

We anticipate that any legal proceedings could continue for several years. While we endeavor, where possible, to engage counsel on a full or partial contingency basis, proceedings may commence that fall outside of contingency arrangements with counsel and may require significant expenditures for legal fees and other expenses. Disputes regarding the assertion of patents and other intellectual property rights are highly complex and technical. Once initiated, we may be forced to litigate against other parties in addition to the originally named defendants. Our adversaries may allege defenses and/or file counterclaims for, among other things, revocation of our patents or file collateral litigations in an effort to avoid or limit liability and damages for patent infringement. If such actions by our adversaries are successful, they may preclude our ability to derive licensing revenue from the patents being asserted.

 

There is a risk that we may be unable to achieve the results we desire from such litigation, which may harm our business. In addition, the defendants in these litigations have substantially more resources than we do, which could make our litigation efforts more difficult.

 

There is a risk that a court will find our patents invalid, not infringed or unenforceable and/or that the USPTO or other relevant patent offices in various countries will either invalidate the patents or materially narrow the scope of their claims during the course of a reexamination, opposition or other such proceeding. In addition, even with a positive trial court verdict, the patents may be invalidated, found not infringed or rendered unenforceable on appeal. This risk may occur either presently or from time to time in connection with future litigations we may bring.

 

Patent litigation is inherently risky and the outcome is uncertain. Some of the parties that we believe infringe on our patents are large and well-financed companies with substantially greater resources than ours. We believe that these parties may devote a substantial amount of resources in an attempt to avoid or limit a finding that they are liable for infringing on our patents or, in the event liability is found, to avoid or limit the amount of associated damages. In addition, there is a risk that these parties may file reexaminations or other proceedings with the USPTO or other government agencies in the United States or abroad in an attempt to invalidate, narrow the scope or render unenforceable the patents we own. In addition, as part of our ongoing legal proceedings, the validity and/or enforceability of our patents-in-suit is often challenged in a court or an administrative proceeding.

 

We may not be able to successfully monetize our patents and, thus, we may fail to realize all of the anticipated benefits of acquisitions from third parties.

 

There is no assurance that we will be able to successfully monetize the patent portfolios that we acquired from third parties. The patents we acquired could fail to produce anticipated benefits or could have other adverse effects that we currently do not foresee.

 

In addition, the acquisition of a patent portfolio is subject to a number of risks, including, but not limited to the following:

 

  · There is a significant time lag between acquiring a patent portfolio and recognizing revenue from those patent assets, if at all. During that time lag, material costs are likely to be incurred that would have a negative effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position.

 

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  · The integration of a patent portfolio is a time consuming and expensive process that may disrupt our operations. If our integration efforts are not successful, our results of operations could be harmed. In addition, we may not achieve anticipated synergies or other benefits from such acquisition.

 

Therefore, there is no assurance that we will be able to monetize an acquired patent portfolio and recoup our investment.

 

We and our subsidiaries have been, are, and may become involved in litigation that could divert management’s attention and harm our businesses.

 

Litigation often is expensive and diverts management’s attention and resources, which could adversely affect our businesses. We may be exposed to claims against us even if no wrongdoing has occurred. Responding to such claims, regardless of their merit, can be time-consuming, costly to defend, disruptive to our management’s attention and to our resources, damaging to our reputation and brand, and may cause us to incur significant expenses. Even if we are indemnified against such costs, the indemnifying party may be unable to uphold its contractual obligations.

 

New legislation, regulations or court rulings related to enforcing patents could harm our business and operating results.

 

Intellectual property is the subject of intense scrutiny by the courts, legislatures and executive branches of governments around the world. Various patent offices, governments or intergovernmental bodies may implement new legislation, regulations or rulings that impact the patent enforcement process or the rights of patent holders and such changes could negatively affect licensing efforts and/or litigations. For example, limitations on the ability to bring patent enforcement claims, limitations on potential liability for patent infringement, lower evidentiary standards for invalidating patents, increases in the cost to resolve patent disputes and other similar developments could negatively affect our ability to assert our patent or other intellectual property rights.

 

It is impossible to determine the extent of the impact of any new laws, regulations or initiatives that may be proposed, or whether any of the proposals will become enacted as laws. Compliance with any new or existing laws or regulations could be difficult and expensive, affect the manner in which we conduct our business and negatively impact our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our failure or inability to protect the trademarks or other proprietary rights we use, or claims of infringement by us of rights of third parties, could adversely affect our competitive position or the value of our brands.

 

We believe that our trademarks and other proprietary rights are important to our success and our competitive position. However, any actions that we take to protect the intellectual property we use may not prevent unauthorized use or imitation by others, which could have an adverse impact on our image, brand or competitive position. If we commence litigation to protect our interests or enforce our rights, we could incur significant legal fees. We also cannot provide assurance that third parties will not claim infringement by us of their proprietary rights. Any such claim, whether or not it has merit, could be time consuming and distracting for our management, result in costly litigation, cause changes to existing retail concepts or delays in introducing retail concepts, or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements. As a result, any such claim could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

23

 

 

Future acquisitions or business opportunities could involve unknown risks that could harm our business and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We have in the past, and may in the future, acquire businesses or make investments, directly or indirectly through our subsidiaries, that involve unknown risks, some of which will be particular to the industry in which the investment or acquisition targets operate, including risks in industries with which we are not familiar or experienced. Although we intend to conduct appropriate business, financial and legal due diligence in connection with the evaluation of future investment or acquisition opportunities, there can be no assurance that our due diligence investigations will identify every matter that could have a material adverse effect on us. We may be unable to adequately address the financial, legal and operational risks raised by such investments or acquisitions, especially if we are unfamiliar with the relevant industry. The realization of any unknown risks could expose us to unanticipated costs and liabilities and prevent or limit us from realizing the projected benefits of the investments or acquisitions, which could adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, and trading price.

 

Anti-takeover provisions of Delaware law, provisions in our charter and bylaws, and our stockholder rights plan could prevent or frustrate attempts by stockholders to change our Board of Directors or current management and could delay, discourage or make more difficult a third-party acquisition of control of us.

 

We are a Delaware corporation and, as such, certain provisions of Delaware law could prevent or frustrate attempts by stockholders to change the Board of Directors or current management, or could delay, discourage or make more difficult a third-party acquisition of control of us, even if the change in control would be beneficial to stockholders or the stockholders regard it as such. We are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”), which prohibits certain “business combination” transactions (as defined in Section 203) with an “interested stockholder” (defined in Section 203 as a 15% or greater stockholder) for a period of three years after a stockholder becomes an “interested stockholder,” unless the attaining of “interested stockholder” status or the transaction is pre-approved by our Board of Directors, the transaction results in the attainment of at least an 85% ownership level by an acquirer or the transaction is later approved by our Board of Directors and by our stockholders by at least a 662/3 percent vote of our stockholders other than the “interested stockholder,” each as specifically provided in Section 203.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws, each as currently in effect, also contain certain provisions that may delay, discourage or make more difficult a third-party acquisition of control of us. Such provisions include a provision that any vacancies on our Board of Directors may only be filled by a majority of the directors then serving, although not a quorum, and not by the stockholders and the ability of our Board of Directors to issue preferred stock, without stockholder approval, that could dilute the stock ownership of a potential unsolicited acquirer and hinder an acquisition of control of us that is not approved by our Board of Directors, including through the use of preferred stock in connection with a stockholder rights plan.

 

We have also adopted a stockholder rights plan in the form of a Section 382 Rights Plan, designed to help protect and preserve our substantial tax attributes primarily associated with our NOLs under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code and research tax credits under Sections 382 and 383 of the Internal Revenue Code and related United States Treasury regulations, which was approved by our stockholders in December 2016 and expires in March 2022. Although this is not the purpose of the Section 382 Rights Plan, it could have the effect of making it uneconomical for a third party to acquire us on a hostile basis.

 

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These provisions of the DGCL, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, and our Section 382 Rights Plan may delay, discourage or make more difficult certain types of transactions in which our stockholders might otherwise receive a premium for their shares over the current market price, and might limit the ability of our stockholders to approve transactions that they think may be in their best interest.

 

Our confidential information may be disclosed by other parties.

 

We routinely enter into non-disclosure agreements with other parties, including but not limited to vendors, law firms, parties with whom we are engaged in negotiations, and employees. However, there exists a risk that those other parties will not honor their contractual obligations to not disclose our confidential information. This may include parties who breach such obligations in the context of confidential settlement offers and/or negotiations. In addition, there exists a risk that, upon such breach and subsequent dissemination of our confidential information, third parties and potential licensees may seek to use such confidential information to their advantage and/or to our disadvantage including in legal proceedings in which we are involved. Our ability to act against such third parties may be limited, as we may not be in privity of contract with such third parties.

 

Risks Related to our Capital Stock

 

Stock prices can be volatile, and this volatility may depress the price of our Common Stock.

 

The stock market has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations, which have affected the market price of many companies in ways that may have been unrelated to those companies’ operating performance. Furthermore, we believe that our stock price may reflect certain future growth and profitability expectations. If we fail to meet these expectations, then our stock price may significantly decline, which could have an adverse impact on investor confidence. We believe that various factors may cause the market price of our Common Stock to fluctuate, perhaps substantially, including, among others, the following:

 

  · additions to or departures of our key personnel;

 

  · announcements of innovations by us or our competitors;

 

  · announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, capital commitments, or new technologies;

 

  · new regulatory pronouncements and changes in regulatory guidelines;

 

  · developments or disputes concerning our patents and efforts in licensing and/or enforcing our patents;

 

  · lawsuits, claims, and investigations that may be filed against us, and other events that may adversely affect our reputation;

 

  · changes in financial estimates or recommendations by securities analysts; and

 

  · general and industry-specific economic conditions.

 

25

 

 

Future sales of our shares of Common Stock by our stockholders could cause the market price of our Common Stock to drop significantly, even if our business is otherwise performing well.

 

As of March 15, 2019, we have 1,932,326 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding, excluding shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of warrants, options or restricted stock units, or preferred stock on an as-converted basis. As shares saleable under Rule 144 are sold or as restrictions on resale lapse, the market price of our Common Stock could drop significantly if the holders of shares of restricted stock sell them or are perceived by the market as intending to sell them. This decline in our stock price could occur even if our business is otherwise performing well.

 

Ownership of our Common Stock may be highly concentrated, and it may prevent our existing stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions and may result in conflicts of interest that could cause our stock price to decline.

 

Our executive officers and directors beneficially own or control approximately 27% of our Common Stock on a fully diluted basis. Accordingly, these executive officers and directors, acting individually or as a group, have substantial influence over the outcome of a corporate action requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets or any other significant corporate transaction. These stockholders may also exert influence in delaying or preventing a change in control of us, even if such change in control would benefit our other stockholders. In addition, the significant concentration of stock ownership may adversely affect the market value of our Common Stock due to investors’ perception that conflicts of interest may exist or arise.

 

The exercise of a substantial number of warrants or options by our security holders may have an adverse effect on the market price of our Common Stock.

 

Should our warrants outstanding as of March 15, 2019 be exercised, there would be an additional 703,669 shares of Common Stock eligible for trading in the public market. The incentive equity instruments granted to our management, employees, directors and consultants are subject to acceleration of vesting of 75% and 100% (according to the agreement signed with each grantee) upon a subsequent change of control. Such securities, if exercised, will increase the number of issued and outstanding shares of our Common Stock. Therefore, the sale of the shares of Common Stock underlying the warrants and options could have an adverse effect on the market price for our securities and/or on our ability to obtain future financing.

 

We have no current plans to pay dividends on our Common Stock, and our investors may not receive funds without selling their stock.

 

We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our Common Stock, nor do we expect to pay any cash dividends on our Common Stock for the foreseeable future. Investors seeking cash dividends should not invest in our Common Stock for that purpose. We currently intend to retain any additional future earnings to finance our operations and growth and, therefore, we have no plans to pay cash dividends on our Common Stock at this time. Any future determination to pay cash dividends on our Common Stock will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will be dependent on our earnings, financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, any contractual restrictions, and other factors that our Board of Directors deems relevant.

 

Accordingly, our investors may have to sell some or all of their Common Stock in order to generate cash from their investment. You may not receive a gain on your investment when you sell our Common Stock and may lose the entire amount of your investment.

 

26

 

 

We may fail to meet publicly announced financial guidance or other expectations about our business, which would cause our stock to decline in value.

 

From time to time, we provide preliminary financial results or forward looking financial guidance, to our investors. Such statements are based on our current views, expectations and assumptions that may not prove to be accurate and may vary from actual results and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results, performance, achievements or share prices to be materially different from any future results, performance, achievements or share prices expressed or implied by such statements. Such risks and uncertainties include the risk factors contained herein. If we fail to meet our projections and/or other financial guidance for any reason, our stock price could decline.

 

The market price of our Common Stock historically has been and likely will continue to be highly volatile.

 

The market price for our shares of Common Stock historically has been highly volatile, and the market for our shares has from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations, based both on our operating performance and for reasons that appear to be unrelated to our operating performance. The market price of our shares of Common Stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, including:

 

  · our ability to realize the expected value and benefits of our recent business and asset acquisitions;

 

  · the level of our financial resources;

 

  · our ability to develop and introduce new products and services;

 

  · developments concerning our intellectual property rights generally or those of us or our competitors;

 

  · our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations and business plan and the effects that such financing may have on the value of the equity instruments held by our stockholders;

 

  · our ability to retain key personnel;

 

  · general economic conditions and level of consumer and corporate spending on health and wellness, and travel;

 

  · our ability to hire a skilled labor force and the costs associated;

 

  · our ability to secure new retail locations, maintain existing ones, and ensure continued customer traffic at those locations;

 

  · changes in securities analysts’ estimates of our financial performance or deviations in our business and the trading price of our Common Stock from the estimates of securities analysts;

 

  · our ability to protect our customers’ financial data and other personal information;

 

  · the loss of one or more of our significant suppliers;

 

  · unexpected trends in the health and wellness and travel industries and potential technology and service obsolescence;

 

  · market acceptance, quality, pricing, availability and useful life of our products and/or services, as well as the mix of our products and services sold; and

 

  · lawsuits, claims, and investigations that may be filed against us and other events that may adversely affect our reputation.

 

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Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market could result in a delisting of our Common Stock.

 

The continued listing standards of Nasdaq provide, among other things, that a company may be delisted if the bid price of its stock drops below $1.00 for a period of 30 consecutive business days or if stockholders’ equity is less than $2.5 million. On March 16, 2018, we received a notification letter from The Nasdaq Stock Market informing us that for the last 30 consecutive business days, the bid price of our securities had closed below $1.00 per share, which is the minimum required closing bid price for continued listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market pursuant to Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). In order to regain compliance, on February 22, 2019, we filed a certificate of amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a one-for-twenty reverse stock split of our outstanding shares of Common Stock. On March 11, 2019, we received a notification letter from The Nasdaq Stock Market informing us that we had regained compliance with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2).

 

While we have exercised diligent efforts to maintain the listing of our Common Stock on Nasdaq, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to meet the continuing listing requirements of The Nasdaq Capital Market. If we are unable to meet the continuing listing requirements, Nasdaq may take steps to delist our Common Stock. Such a delisting would likely have a negative effect on the price of our Common Stock and would impair your ability to sell or purchase our Common Stock when you wish to do so. Further, if we were to be delisted from The Nasdaq Capital Market, our Common Stock would cease to be recognized as covered securities and we would be subject to regulation in each state in which we offer our securities.

 

Delisting from Nasdaq could adversely affect our ability to raise additional financing through the public or private sale of equity securities, would significantly affect the ability of investors to trade our securities and would negatively affect the value and liquidity of our Common Stock. Delisting could also have other negative results, including the potential loss of confidence by employees, the loss of institutional investor interest and fewer business development opportunities.

 

Our Common Stock has traded in low volumes. We cannot predict whether an active trading market for our Common Stock will ever develop. Even if an active trading market develops, the market price of our Common Stock may be significantly volatile.

 

Historically, our Common Stock has experienced a lack of trading liquidity. In the absence of an active trading market you may have difficulty buying and selling our Common Stock at all or at the price you consider reasonable; and market visibility for shares of our Common Stock may be limited, which may have a depressive effect on the market price for shares of our Common Stock and on our ability to raise capital or make acquisitions by issuing our Common Stock.

 

If we raise additional capital in the future, stockholders’ ownership in us could be diluted.

 

Any issuance of equity we may undertake in the future to raise additional capital could cause the price of our shares to decline or require us to issue shares at a price that is lower than that paid by holders of our shares in the past, which would result in previously issued shares being dilutive. If we obtain funds through a credit facility or through the issuance of debt or preferred securities, these securities would likely have rights senior to rights as a holder of Common Stock, which could impair the value of our shares.

 

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If we exercise the option to repay the Series D preferred stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”) in Common Stock rather than cash, such repayment may result in the issuance of a large number of shares of Common Stock which may have a negative effect on the trading price of our Common Stock as well as a dilutive effect.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the shares of Series D Preferred Stock, on the seven-year anniversary of the initial issuance date of the shares of Series D Preferred Stock, December 23, 2023, we may repay each share of Series D Preferred Stock, at our option, in cash, by delivery of shares of Common Stock or through any combination thereof. If we elect to make a payment, or any portion thereof, in shares of Common Stock, the number of shares deliverable (the “Base Shares”) will be based on the volume weighted average price per share of our Common Stock for the thirty trading days prior to the date of calculation (the “Base Price”) plus an additional number of shares of Common Stock (the “Premium Shares”), calculated as follows: (i) if the Base Price is greater than $180.00, no Premium Shares shall be issued, (ii) if the Base Price is greater than $140.00 and equal to or less than $180.00, an additional number of shares equal to 5% of the Base Shares shall be issued, (iii) if the Base Price is greater than $120.00 and equal to or less than $140.00, an additional number of shares equal to 10% of the Base Shares shall be issued, (iv) if the Base Price is greater than $100.00 and equal to or less than $120.00, an additional number of shares equal to 20% of the Base Shares shall be issued and (v) if the Base Price is less than or equal to $100.00, an additional number of shares equal to 25% of the Base Shares shall be issued. Accordingly, if the volume weighted average price per share of our Common Stock is below $180.00 per share as of the time of repayment and we exercise the option to make such repayment in shares of our Common Stock, a large number of shares of our Common Stock may be issued to the holders of shares of Series D Preferred Stock upon maturity which may have a negative effect on the trading price of our Common Stock.

 

On December 23, 2023, upon the maturity of the Series D Preferred Stock, when determining whether to repay the Series D Preferred Stock in cash or shares of Common Stock, we expect to consider a number of factors, including our cash position, the price of our Common Stock and our capital structure at such time. Because we do not have to make a determination as to which option to elect until 2023, it is impossible to predict whether it is more or less likely to repay in cash, stock or a portion of each.

 

If we exercise the option to repay the Series E preferred stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) in Common Stock rather than cash, such repayment may result in the issuance of a large number of shares of Common Stock which may have a negative effect on the trading price of our Common Stock as well as a dilutive effect.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the shares of Series E Preferred Stock, on the seven-year anniversary of the initial issuance date of the shares of Series E Preferred Stock, November 14, 2025 in the case the 3,225,806 shares of Series E Preferred Stock issued on November 14, 2018, December 28, 2025 in the case of the 322,581 shares of Series E Preferred Stock issued on December 28, 2018, we may repay each share of Series E Preferred Stock, at our option, in cash, by delivery of shares of Common Stock or through any combination thereof. If we elect to make a payment, or any portion thereof, in shares of Common Stock, the Base Shares will be based on the Base Price plus the Premium Shares, calculated as follows: (i) if the Base Price is greater than $180.00, no Premium Shares shall be issued, (ii) if the Base Price is greater than $140.00 and equal to or less than $180.00, an additional number of shares equal to 5% of the Base Shares shall be issued, (iii) if the Base Price is greater than $120.00 and equal to or less than $140.00, an additional number of shares equal to 10% of the Base Shares shall be issued, (iv) if the Base Price is greater than $100.00 and equal to or less than $120.00, an additional number of shares equal to 20% of the Base Shares shall be issued and (v) if the Base Price is less than or equal to $100.00, an additional number of shares equal to 25% of the Base Shares shall be issued. Accordingly, if the volume weighted average price per share of our Common Stock is below $180.00 per share as of the time of repayment and we exercise the option to make such repayment in shares of our Common Stock, a large number of shares of our Common Stock may be issued to the holders of shares of Series E Preferred Stock upon maturity which may have a negative effect on the trading price of our Common Stock.

 

On November 14, 2025 or December 28, 2025, as applicable, upon the maturity of the Series E Preferred Stock, when determining whether to repay the Series E Preferred Stock in cash or shares of Common Stock, we expect to consider a number of factors, including our cash position, the price of our Common Stock and our capital structure at such time. Because we do not have to make a determination as to which option to elect until 2023, it is impossible to predict whether it is more or less likely to repay in cash, stock or a portion of each.

 

Having availed ourselves of scaled disclosure available to smaller reporting companies, we cannot be certain if such reduced disclosure will make our Common Stock less attractive to investors.

 

Under Section 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, a "smaller reporting company" is a company that is not an investment company, an asset-backed issuer, or a majority-owned subsidiary of a parent company that is not a smaller reporting company, and has a public float of less than $250 million and annual revenues of less than $100 million during the most recently completed fiscal year. Similar to emerging growth companies, smaller reporting companies are permitted to provide simplified executive compensation disclosure in their filings; they are exempt from the provisions of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requiring that independent registered public accounting firms provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of internal controls over financial reporting; and they have certain other decreased disclosure obligations in their SEC filings, including, among other things, only being required to provide two years of audited financial statements in annual reports. Decreased disclosure in our SEC filings as a result of our having availed ourselves of scaled disclosure may make it harder for investors to analyze our results of operations and financial prospects.

 

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ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

As of December 31, 2018, XpresSpa had 56 company-operated stores in 23 airports, and one off-airport location in New York City, in the United States, Netherlands and United Arab Emirates. All of the stores as of that date were leased, typically with one or two renewal options after the initial term. Economic terms vary by type and location of store and, on average, the lease terms are 5-8 years with several stores operating on a month-to-month basis.

 

Our New York office, which serves as our corporate office, is located at 780 Third Avenue, 12th Floor, New York, New York. The annual rental fee for this space is approximately $409,000 and the lease expires in October 2019. We believe that our facility is adequate to accommodate our business needs.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Cordial

 

Effective October 2014, our wholly owned-subsidiary, XpresSpa, terminated its former ACDBE partner, Cordial Endeavor Concessions of Atlanta, LLC (“Cordial”), in its Atlanta Terminal A (and future Terminals D, E and F) store locations.

 

Cordial filed a series of complaints with the City of Atlanta, both before and after the termination, in which Cordial alleged, among other things, that the termination was not valid and that XpresSpa unlawfully retaliated against Cordial when Cordial raised concerns about the joint venture. In response to the numerous complaints it received from Cordial, the City of Atlanta required the parties to engage in two mediations.

 

After the termination of the relationship with Cordial, XpresSpa sought to substitute two new ACDBE partners in place of Cordial.

 

In April 2015, Cordial filed a complaint with the United States Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”), which oversees the City of Atlanta with regard to airport ACDBE programs, and, in December 2015, the FAA instructed that the City of Atlanta review XpresSpa’s request to substitute new partners in lieu of Cordial and Cordial’s claims of retaliation. In response to the FAA instruction, pursuant to a corrective action plan approved by the FAA, the City of Atlanta held a hearing in February 2016 and ruled in favor of XpresSpa such substitution and claims of retaliation. Cordial submitted a further complaint to the FAA claiming that the City of Atlanta was biased against Cordial and that the City of Atlanta’s decision was wrong. In August 2016, the parties met with the FAA. On October 4, 2016, the FAA sent a letter to the City of Atlanta directing that the City of Atlanta retract previous findings on Cordial’s allegations and engage an independent third party to investigate issues previously decided by Atlanta. The FAA also directed that the City of Atlanta determine monies potentially due to Cordial.

 

On January 3, 2017, XpresSpa filed a lawsuit in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, against Cordial and several related parties. The lawsuit alleges breach of contract, unjust enrichment, breach of fiduciary duty, fraudulent inducement, fraudulent concealment, tortious interference, and breach of good faith and fair dealing. XpresSpa is seeking damages, declaratory judgment, rescission/termination of certain agreements, disgorgement of revenue, fees and costs, and various other relief. On February 21, 2017, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss. On March 3, 2017, XpresSpa filed a first amended complaint against the defendants. On April 5, 2017, Cordial filed a motion to dismiss. On September 12, 2017, the Court held a hearing on the motion to dismiss. On November 2, 2017, the Court granted the motion to dismiss which was entered on November 13, 2017. On December 22, 2017, XpresSpa filed a notice of appeal, and on September 24, 2018, XpresSpa perfected its appellate rights and submitted a brief to the Supreme Court of New York, First Department appellate court. Oral arguments on the appeal are expected to take place in early 2019. Oral argument on the appeal went forward on March 20, 2019, and the court likely will rule in the coming months.

 

On March 30, 2018, Cordial filed a lawsuit against XpresSpa, a subsidiary of XpresSpa, and several additional parties in the Superior Court of Fulton County, Georgia, alleging the violation of Cordial’s civil rights, tortious interference, breach of fiduciary duty, civil conspiracy, conversion, retaliation, and unjust enrichment. Cordial has threated to seek punitive damages, attorneys’ fees and litigation expenses, accounting, indemnification, and declaratory judgment as to the status of the membership interests of XpresSpa and Cordial in the joint venture and Cordial’s right to profit distributions and management fees from the joint venture. On May 3, 2018, the Court issued an order extending the time for the defendants to respond to Cordial’s lawsuit until June 25, 2018. On May 4, 2018, the defendants moved the lawsuit to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia. On June 5, 2018, the Court granted an extension of time for the defendants’ response until August 17, 2018. On August 9, 2018, the Court granted an additional extension of time for the defendants’ response until September 7, 2018, and thereafter provided another extension pending the Court’s consideration of XpresSpa’s Motion to Stay all action in the Georgia lawsuit, pending resolution of the New York lawsuit and the FAA action. On October 29, 2018, XpresSpa’s Motion to Stay was denied. Prior to resolution of the Motion to Stay, Cordial filed a Motion for Temporary Restraining Order (“TRO Motion”), seeking to enjoin the defendants and specifically XpresSpa, from, among other things, distributing any cash flow, net profits, or management fees, or otherwise expending resources beyond necessary operation expenses. XpresSpa filed an opposition and, in a decision entered December 26, 2018, the Court denied Cordial’s TRO Motion entirely. Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss the Complaint in its entirety on November 20, 2018, which is pending decision by the Court.

 

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In re Chen et al.

 

In March 2015, four former XpresSpa employees who worked at XpresSpa locations in John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport filed a putative class and collective action wage-hour litigation in the United States District Court, Eastern District of New York. In re Chen et al., CV 15-1347 (E.D.N.Y.). Plaintiffs claim that they and other spa technicians around the country were misclassified as exempt commissioned salespersons under Section 7(i) of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”). Plaintiffs also assert class claims for unpaid overtime on behalf of New York spa technicians under the New York Labor Law, and discriminatory employment practices under New York State and City laws. On July 1, 2015, the plaintiffs moved to have the court authorize notice of the FLSA misclassification claim sent to all employees in the spa technician job classification at XpresSpa locations around the country in the last three years. Defendants opposed the motion. On February 16, 2016, the Magistrate Judge assigned to the case issued a Report & Recommendation, recommending that the District Court Judge grant the plaintiffs’ motion. On March 1, 2016, the defendants filed Opposition to the Magistrate Judge’s Report & Recommendation, arguing that the District Court Judge should reject the Magistrate Judge’s findings. On September 23, 2016, the court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs and conditionally certified the class. The parties held a mediation on February 28, 2017 and reached an agreement on a settlement in principle. On September 6, 2017, the parties entered into a settlement agreement. On September 15, 2017, the parties filed a motion for settlement approval with the Court. XpresSpa subsequently paid the agreed-upon settlement amount to the settlement claims administrator to be held in escrow pending a fairness hearing and final approval by the Court. On March 30, 2018, the Court entered a Memorandum and Order denying the motion without prejudice to renewal due to questions and concerns the Court had about certain settlement terms. On April 24, 2018, the parties jointly submitted a supplemental letter to the Court advocating for the fairness and adequacy of the settlement, and appeared in Court on April 25, 2018 for a hearing to discuss the settlement terms in greater detail with the assigned Magistrate Judge. At the conclusion of the hearing, the Court still had questions about the adequacy and fairness of the settlement terms, and the Judge asked that the parties jointly submit additional information to the Court addressing the open issues. The parties submitted such information to the Court on May 18, 2018 and are awaiting the Court’s ruling on the open issues.

 

Binn v. FORM Holdings Corp. et al.

 

On November 6, 2017, Moreton Binn and Marisol F, LLC, former stockholders of XpresSpa, filed a lawsuit against the Company and its directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The lawsuit alleged violations of various sections of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), material omissions and misrepresentations (negligent and fraudulent), fraudulent omission, expropriation, breach of fiduciary duties, aiding and abetting, and unjust enrichment in the defendants’ conduct related to the Company’s acquisition of XpresSpa, and sought rescission of the transaction, damages, equitable and injunctive relief, fees and costs, and various other relief. On January 17, 2018, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the complaint. On February 7, 2018, the plaintiffs amended their complaint. On February 28, 2018, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint. By March 30, 2018, the motion to dismiss was fully briefed. On August 7, 2018, the Court ruled on the defendants’ motion, dismissing eight of the plaintiffs’ ten claims and denying the defendants’ motion to dismiss with respect to the two remaining claims, related to the Exchange Act. On October 30, 2018, the Court ordered that the plaintiffs could file an amended complaint and, in response, the defendants could move for summary judgment. Consistent with the Court’s Order, on November 16, 2018, the plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint, modifying their allegations, and asserting claims pursuant to the Exchange Act, the Securities Act of 1933, and bringing a breach of contract claim. On December 17, 2018, the defendants filed a motion for summary judgment seeking dismissal of all claims. On February 1, 2019, the plaintiffs filed an opposition to defendants’ motion and filed a counter motion for partial summary judgment concerning one of the alleged misstatements. The defendants’ motion for summary judgment was fully briefed as of March 1, 2019. The plaintiffs’ partial motion for summary judgment was fully briefed as of March 15, 2019.

 

Krainz v. FORM Holdings Corp. et al.

 

On March 20, 2019, a second suit was commenced in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against FORM Holdings Corp., seven of its directors and former directors, as well as a managing director of Mistral Equity Partners. The individual plaintiff, Roman Kainz, who was a shareholder of XpresSpa Holdings, LLC at the time of its merger with FORM Holdings Corp, alleges that Defendants violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 by making false statements concerning, inter alia, the merger and the independence of FORM Holdings Corp.’s board of directors, violated Section 12(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, breached the Merger Agreement by making false and misleading statements concerning the merger, and fraudulently induced Plaintiff into signing the joinder agreement related to the Merger. This suit seeks rescission of the transaction, damages, equitable and injunctive relief, fees and costs, and various other relief.

 

Route1

 

On May 23, 2018, Route1 and Group Mobile filed a Statement of Claim against the Company in the Ontario (Canada) Superior Court of Justice seeking monetary damages based on indemnity claims made by Route1 and Group Mobile pursuant to the Group Mobile Purchase Agreement, including an offset against funds payable to the Company by Route1 and Group Mobile pursuant to the Group Mobile Purchase Agreement. On August 13, 2018, the Company filed its Defense and Counterclaim, seeking the payment of such funds payable to the Company by Route1 and Group Mobile pursuant to the Group Mobile Purchase Agreement.

 

Rodger Jenkins v. XpresSpa Group, Inc.

 

In March 2019, Rodger Jenkins filed a lawsuit against the Company in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. The lawsuit alleges breach of contract of the stock purchase agreement related to the Company’s acquisition of Excalibur Integrated Systems, Inc. and seeks specific performance, compensatory damages and other fees, expenses and costs.

 

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Intellectual Property

 

The Company is engaged in litigation related to certain of the intellectual property that it owns, for which no liability is recorded, as the Company does not expect a material negative outcome.

 

In addition to those matters specifically set forth herein, the Company and its subsidiaries are involved in various other claims and legal actions that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these actions will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, liquidity, or capital resources. However, a significant increase in the number of these claims, or one or more successful claims under which the Company incurs greater liabilities than the Company currently anticipates, could materially adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In the event that an action is brought against us or one of our subsidiaries, we will investigate the allegation and vigorously defend ourselves.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which was previously listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the trading symbol “FH,” has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018.

 

In February 2019, the Company filed a certificate of amendment to its amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of shares of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share.

 

Stockholders

 

As of March 15, 2019, we had 49 stockholders of record of the 1,932,326 outstanding shares of our Common Stock. This does not reflect persons or entities that hold their stock in nominee or "street" name through various brokerage firms.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our capital stock, and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our capital stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance our operations and to expand our business. Any future determination to pay cash dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will be dependent upon our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements and other factors that our Board of Directors considers appropriate.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

None.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

On November 30, 2018, we issued 23,333 shares of our Common Stock to our outside law firm for partial payment of outstanding invoices for legal services. These securities were issued in reliance on the exemption from registration afforded by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not required as we are a smaller reporting company.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, our consolidated financial statements (including notes to the consolidated financial statements) and the other consolidated financial information appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results and timing of events could differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis.

 

Overview

 

On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. (“XpresSpa Group” or the “Company”) from FORM Holdings Corp. Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018. Rebranding to XpresSpa Group aligned our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company, which we commenced following our acquisition of XpresSpa Holdings, LLC (“XpresSpa”) on December 23, 2016.

 

As a result of the transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, we currently have one operating segment that is also our sole reporting unit, XpresSpa, a leading airport retailer of spa services. XpresSpa is a well-recognized airport spa brand with 56 locations, consisting of 51 domestic and 5 international locations as of December 31, 2018. XpresSpa offers travelers premium spa services, including massage, nail and skin care, as well as spa and travel products. During 2018 and 2017, XpresSpa generated $49,294,000 and $48,373,000 of revenue, respectively. In 2018, approximately 83% of XpresSpa’s total revenue was generated by services, primarily massage and nailcare, and 17% was generated by retail products, primarily travel accessories.

 

We own certain patent portfolios, which we look to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, we determined that our former intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and, as such, will no longer operate as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

In October 2017, we completed the sale of FLI Charge, Inc. (“FLI Charge”) and in March 2018, we completed the sale of Group Mobile Int’l LLC (“Group Mobile”). These two entities previously comprised our technology operating segment. The results of operations for FLI Charge and Group Mobile are presented in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as consolidated net loss from discontinued operations. The carrying amounts of assets and liabilities belonging to Group Mobile as of December 31, 2018, and FLI Charge and Group Mobile as of December 31, 2017, are presented in the consolidated balance sheets as assets held for disposal and liabilities held for disposal, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had approximately $3,403,000 of cash and cash equivalents, $2,247,000 of inventory and prepaid expenses and $109,000 of assets held for disposal, which amount to total current assets of $5,759,000. Our total current liabilities balance, which includes accounts payable, accrued expenses, debt, and the current portion of Convertible Notes, was $16,658,000 as of December 31, 2018. The working capital deficiency of $10,899,000 as of December 31, 2018 includes $1,986,000 of convertible notes classified as short-term for which principal repayments may be made in shares of Common Stock at our election. In addition, included in total current liabilities is approximately $1,742,000 which relates to obligations that will not settle in cash, and an additional $465,000 of liabilities that are not expected to settle in the next twelve months.

 

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While we have aggressively reduced operating and overhead expenses, and while we continue to focus on our overall profitability, we have continued to generate negative cash flows from operations and we expect to incur net losses in the foreseeable future. As discussed above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 includes an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The receipt of this explanatory paragraph with respect to our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 will result in a breach of a covenant under the Senior Secured Note which, if unremedied for a period of 30 days after the date hereof, will constitute an event of default under the Senior Secured Note. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Senior Secured Note, Rockmore may, among other things, declare the Senior Secured Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts owing under the Senior Secured Note to be due and payable. If the maturity date of the Senior Secured Note is accelerated as a result of the event of default referenced above, an event of default under the Convertible Notes would be triggered. If an event of default under the Convertible Notes occurs, the outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes, liquidated damages and other amounts owing in respect thereof through the date of acceleration, shall become, at the holder’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.

 

We have taken actions to improve our overall cash position and access to liquidity by exploring valuable strategic partnerships, right-sizing our corporate structure, and stream-lining our operations. We expect that the actions taken in 2018 and early 2019 will enhance our liquidity and financial environment. In addition, we expect to generate additional liquidity through the monetization of certain investments and other assets. We expect that these actions will be executed in alignment with the anticipated timing of our liquidity needs. There can be no assurance, however, that any such opportunities will materialize.

 

Our historical operating results indicate that there is substantial doubt related to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. We believe it is probable that the actions discussed above will transpire and will successfully mitigate the substantial doubt raised by our historical operating results and will satisfy our liquidity needs 12 months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, we cannot reasonably predict with any certainty that the results of our planned actions will generate the expected liquidity required to satisfy our liquidity needs.

 

If we continue to experience operating losses, and we are not able to generate additional liquidity through the actions described above or through some combination of other actions, while not expected, we may not be able to access additional funds and we might need to secure additional sources of funds, which may or may not be available to us. Additionally, a failure to generate additional liquidity could negatively impact our access to inventory or services that are important to the operation of our business.

 

Recent Developments

 

CEO Transition

 

On February 8, 2019, Edward Jankowski resigned as Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company. Mr. Jankowski’s resignation was not as a result of any disagreement with the Company on any matters related to the Company’s operations, policies or practices. Mr. Jankowski will receive termination benefits including $375,000 payable in equal installments over a twelve-month term commencing on February 13, 2019 and COBRA continuation coverage paid in full by the Company for up to a maximum of twelve months.

 

Effective as of February 11, 2019, Douglas Satzman was appointed by our board of directors as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company.

  

Reverse Stock Split

 

On February 22, 2019, we filed a certificate of amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of our shares of Common Stock. Such amendment and ratio were previously approved by our stockholders and board of directors, respectively.

 

As a result of the reverse stock split, every twenty (20) shares of our pre-reverse split Common Stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of Common Stock. Proportionate voting rights and other rights of Common Stock holders were affected by the reverse stock split. Stockholders who would have otherwise held a fractional share of Common Stock received payment in cash in lieu of any such resulting fractional shares of Common Stock as the post-reverse split amounts of Common Stock were rounded down to the nearest full share. Such cash payment in lieu of a fractional share of Common Stock was calculated by multiplying such fractional interest in one share of Common Stock by the closing trading price of our Common Stock on February 22, 2019, and rounded to the nearest cent. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the reverse stock split.

 

Our Common Stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on a post-reverse split basis at the open of business on February 25, 2019.

 

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Dispositions

 

On October 20, 2017, we sold FLI Charge to a group of private investors and FLI Charge management, who now own and operate FLI Charge. In February 2019, the Company entered into an agreement to release FLI Charge’s obligation to pay any royalties on FLI Charge’s perpetual gross revenues with regard to conductive wireless charging, power, or accessories, and to cancel its warrants exercisable in FLI Charge in exchange for cash proceeds of $1,100,000 which were received in full on February 15, 2019.

 

On March 22, 2018, we sold Group Mobile to a third party. We have not provided any continued management or financing support to FLI Charge or Group Mobile.

 

Rebranding

 

On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. from FORM Holdings Corp, which aligned our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company. Our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018.

 

Sale of Patents

 

In January 2018, we sold certain patents to Crypto Currency Patent Holdings Company LLC, a unit of Marathon Patent Group, Inc. (“Marathon”), for approximately $1,250,000, comprised of $250,000 in cash and 250,000 shares of Marathon Common Stock valued at approximately $1,000,000 (the “Marathon Common Stock”) at the time of the transaction. The Marathon Common Stock was subject to a lockup period (the “Lockup Period”) which commenced on the Transaction Date and ended on July 11, 2018, subject to a leak-out provision.

 

Collaboration Agreement

 

On November 12, 2018, we entered into a Product Sale and Marketing Agreement (the “Collaboration Agreement”) with Calm.com, Inc. (“Calm”) primarily related to the display, marketing, promotion, offer for sale and sale of Calm’s products in each of our branded stores throughout the United States.

 

The Collaboration Agreement will remain in effect until July 31, 2019, unless terminated earlier in accordance with its terms, and automatically renew for successive terms of six months unless either party provides written notice of termination no later than thirty days prior to any such automatic renewal.

 

Financings

 

Secured Convertible Notes

 

On May 15, 2018, we entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional investors (the “Investors”), pursuant to which we agreed to sell up to (i) an aggregate principal amount of $4,438,000 in 5% Secured Convertible Notes due on November 16, 2019, which included $88,000 issued to Palladium Capital Advisors as Placement Agent (the “Convertible Notes”), convertible into shares of our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”) at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, (ii) Class A Warrants (the “Class A Warrants”) to purchase 357,862 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share and (iii) Class B Warrants (the “Class B Warrants,” and together with the Class A Warrants, the “Warrants”) to purchase 178,931 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share. The Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum. The Convertible Notes are senior secured obligations of ours and are secured by certain of our personal property. Unless earlier converted or redeemed, the Convertible Notes will mature on November 16, 2019. The transaction closed on May 17, 2018, at which time we received $4,350,000 in gross proceeds from the Investors.

 

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The principal amount of the outstanding Convertible Notes is to be repaid monthly in the amount of approximately $296,000, beginning on September 17, 2018, and we may make such payments and related interest payments in cash or, subject to certain conditions, in registered shares of our Common Stock (or a combination thereof), at our election. If we choose to repay the Convertible Notes in shares of our Common Stock, the shares will be issued at a 10% discount to the volume weighted average price of our Common Stock for the five (5) trading days commencing eight (8) days prior to the relevant repayment date and ending on the fourth (4th) trading day prior to such repayment date, subject to a minimum floor price of not less than 20% of the conversion price of the Convertible Notes on the issue date. We may also repay the Convertible Notes in advance of the maturity schedule subject to an early repayment penalty of 15%.

 

On August 14, 2018, we entered into an Amendment Agreement (“Amendment Agreement”) whereby the initial monthly principal repayment and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes of $351,000 was settled in 103,350 shares of Common Stock on August 15, 2018. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the year ended December 31, 2018, several of the Investors converted their monthly principal payments and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 377,109 shares of Common Stock.

 

On December 11, 2018, we entered into a Second Amendment Agreement (“Second Amendment Agreement”) whereby each Holder waived the Company’s obligation to make any Monthly Payments for the months of January, February and March 2019. Pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, each Holder was permitted to convert its pro-rata share of the Convertible Notes, at a conversion price of $4.00 per share of Common Stock, such that the maximum number of shares to be issued pursuant to this amendment shall not exceed 250,000 shares of Common Stock. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, one of the Investors converted a portion of their allotted shares, in settlement of $23,000, into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 5,627 shares of Common Stock.

 

Series E Preferred Stock Financing

 

In connection with the entry into the Collaboration Agreement, we entered into a stock purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Calm, pursuant to which we issued to Calm an aggregate of 32,258 shares of our newly designated Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”), which are initially convertible into 161,290 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The purchase price per share of the Series E Preferred Stock was $62.00 per share for gross proceeds to us of $2,000,000. In addition, on December 28, 2018, in satisfaction of the conditions under the Purchase Agreement, we sold, and Calm purchased, 16,129 additional shares of Series E Preferred Stock (the “Additional Series E Shares”), which are initially convertible into 80,645 shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, subject to certain adjustments, for gross proceeds to us of $1,000,000. The sale of Additional Series E Shares were on the same terms and conditions as those contained in the Purchase Agreement.

 

Our Strategy and Outlook

 

XpresSpa regularly measures comparable store sales, which it defines as current period sales from stores opened more than 12 months compared to those same stores’ sales in the prior year period (“Comp Store Sales”). The measurement of Comp Store Sales on a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly and year-to-date basis provides an additional perspective on XpresSpa’s total sales growth when considering the influence of new unit contribution. A reconciliation between Comp Store Sales and total revenue as reported on the financial statements is presented below:

 

   2018   2017   % 
   Comp Store   Non-Comp
Store
   Total   Comp Store   Non-Comp
Store
   Total     
Revenue  $42,653,000   $6,641,000   $49,294,000   $44,075,000   $4,298,000   $48,373,000    (3.2)%

 

Comp Store Sales decreased 3.2% during the year ended December 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. As of December 31, 2018, XpresSpa had 56 open locations; during the year, XpresSpa opened six new locations, and closed six underperforming locations.

 

We plan to grow XpresSpa by:

 

  · continuing to focus on spa-level productivity and leveraging retail partnerships to increase units per transaction, which will contribute to the growth of the Comp Store Sales;

 

  · through the opening of new locations; and

 

  · through our franchising program, which was approved in January 2018, and for which we signed our first franchisee in November 2018 with our first franchise location scheduled to open in the spring of 2019.

 

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Quarterly and Full-Year 2018 Adjusted EBITDA Loss

 

    Quarter-Ended        
    March 31     June 30     September 30     December 31     Total  
Products and services revenue   $ 11,800,000     $ 13,038,000     $ 12,922,000     $ 11,534,000     $ 49,294,000  
                                         
Cost of sales                                        
Labor     (6,210,000 )     (6,490,000 )     (5,997,000 )     (5,672,000 )     (24,369,000 )
Occupancy     (2,060,000 )     (2,160,000 )     (1,996,000 )     (1,902,000 )     (8,118,000 )
Product and other operating costs     (1,443,000 )     (1,709,000 )     (1,966,000 )     (1,756,000 )     (6,874,000 )
Total cost of sales     (9,713,000 )     (10,359,000 )     (9,959,000 )     (9,330,000 )     (39,361,000 )
                                         
Store margin     2,087,000       2,679,000       2,963,000       2,204,000       9,933,000  
Store margin as a % of total revenue     17.7 %     20.5 %     22.9 %     19.1 %     20.2 %
                                         
Depreciation and amortization                                        
Depreciation and impairment     (1,047,000 )     (1,232,000 )     (1,195,000 )     (3,559,000 )     (7,033,000 )
Amortization     (606,000 )     (611,000 )     (684,000 )     (564,000 )     (2,465,000 )
Goodwill impairment     (19,630,000 )                       (19,630,000 )
Total depreciation and amortization     (21,283,000 )     (1,843,000 )     (1,879,000 )     (4,123,000 )     (29,128,000 )
                                         
Total general and administrative     (4,596,000 )     (3,904,000 )     (3,943,000 )     (3,797,000 )     (16,240,000 )
                                         
Other operating revenue and expense                                        
Other operating revenue     800,000                         800,000  
Other operating expense     (64,000 )           (26,000 )           (90,000 )
Total other operating revenue, net     736,000             (26,000 )           710,000  
                                         
Operating loss from continuing operations     (23,056,000 )     (3,068,000 )     (2,885,000 )     (5,716,000 )     (34,725,000 )
                                         
Plus:                                        
Depreciation and amortization     1,653,000       1,843,000       1,879,000       4,123,000       9,498,000  
Goodwill impairment     19,630,000                         19,630,000  
One-time costs           605,000       452,000       961,000       2,018,000  
Stock-based compensation expense     312,000       259,000       194,000       151,000       916,000  
                                         
Adjusted EBITDA loss   $ (1,461,000 )   $ (361,000 )   $ (360,000 )   $ (481,000 )   $ (2,663,000

  

One-time costs, which we do not expect to recur in future periods, relate to the following:

 

·professional fees of $1,309,000 related to certain consultants assisting with non-recurring projects;

 

·one-time project costs related to the buildout and implementation of a business analytics tool of $359,000; and

 

·severance costs of $350,000

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, our Adjusted EBITDA loss decreased by $842,000 to $2,663,000 from $3,505,000 for the year ended December 31, 2017. The decrease was primarily attributable to management’s efforts to right-size the corporate structure, streamline operations, and aggressively reduce operating and overhead expenses.

  

We use GAAP and non-GAAP measurements to assess the trends in our business. With respect to XpresSpa, we review its Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure, which we define as earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization expense, excluding merger and acquisition, integration and one-time costs and stock-based compensation.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental measure of financial performance that is not required by, or presented in accordance with, GAAP. Reconciliations of operating loss from continuing operations for the Company for the year ended December 31, 2018 to Adjusted EBITDA loss are presented in the tables above. 

 

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We consider Adjusted EBITDA to be an important indicator for the performance of our business, but not a measure of performance or liquidity calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. We have included this non-GAAP financial measure because management utilizes this information for assessing our performance and liquidity, and as an indicator of our ability to make capital expenditures and finance working capital requirements. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is a measurement that is commonly used by analysts and some investors in evaluating the performance and liquidity of companies such as us. In particular, we believe that it is useful for analysts and investors to understand this indicator because it excludes transactions not related to our core cash operating activities. We believe that excluding these transactions allows investors to meaningfully analyze the performance of our core cash operations. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities or as an alternative to operating income or as an indicator of operating performance or any other measure of performance derived in accordance with GAAP. In evaluating our performance as measured by Adjusted EBITDA, we recognize and consider the limitations of this measurement. Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our obligations for the payment of income taxes, interest expense, or other obligations such as capital expenditures. Accordingly, Adjusted EBITDA is only one of the measurements that management utilizes.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenue

 

We recognize revenue from the sale of XpresSpa products and services at the point of sale, net of discounts and applicable sales taxes. Revenues from the XpresSpa wholesale and e-commerce businesses are recorded at the time goods are shipped. Accordingly, we recognize revenue for our single performance obligation related to both in-store and online sales at the point at which the service has been performed or the control of the merchandise has passed to the customer. We exclude all sales taxes assessed to our customers. Sales taxes assessed on revenues are included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets until remitted to the state agencies.

 

We also have a franchise agreement with an unaffiliated franchisee to operate an XpresSpa location. We have identified the franchise right as a distinct performance obligation that transfers over time, and therefore any portion of the non-recurring initial franchise fee that is allocated to the franchise right should be recognized over the course of the contract rather than all upfront as would be the case with distinct performance obligations. Under our franchising model, all initial franchising fees relate to the franchise right and therefore are recognized over the course of the contract which commences upon signing of the agreement. Upon receipt of the non-recurring, non-refundable initial franchise fee, management records a deferred revenue asset and recognizes revenue on a straight-line basis over the contract term. As of December 31, 2018, there were no franchise royalty revenues as operations have not yet commenced. Once operations commence, franchise royalty revenue will be recorded in the period earned.

 

Other revenue relates to one-time intellectual property licenses as well as the sale of certain of our intellectual property. Revenue from patent licensing is recognized when we transfer promised intellectual property rights to purchasers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those intellectual property rights. Currently, revenue arrangements related to intellectual property provide for the payment of contractually determined fees and other consideration for the grant of certain intellectual property rights related to our patents. These rights typically include some combination of the following: (i) the grant of a non-exclusive, retroactive and future license to manufacture and/or sell products covered by patents, (ii) the release of the licensee from certain claims, and (iii) the dismissal of any pending litigation. The intellectual property rights granted typically extend until the expiration of the related patents. Pursuant to the terms of these agreements, we have no further obligation with respect to the grant of the non-exclusive retroactive and future licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other deliverables, including no express or implied obligation on our part to maintain or upgrade the related technology, or provide future support or services. Generally, the agreements provide for the grant of the licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other significant deliverables upon execution of the agreement, or upon receipt of the upfront payment. As such, the earnings process is complete and revenue is recognized upon the execution of the agreement, receipt of the upfront fee, and transfer of the promised intellectual property rights.

 

Cost of sales

 

Cost of sales consists of store-level costs. Store-level costs include all costs that are directly attributable to the store operations and include:

 

  · payroll and related benefits for store operations and store-level management;

 

  · rent, percentage rent and occupancy costs;

 

  · the cost of merchandise;

 

  · freight, shipping and handling costs;

 

  · production costs;

 

  · inventory shortage and valuation adjustments, including purchase price allocation increase in fair values which was recorded as part of acquisition; and

 

  · costs associated with sourcing operations.

 

Cost of sales associated with revenue from intellectual property mainly includes expenses incurred in connection with the Company’s patent licensing and enforcement activities, patent-related legal expenses paid to external patent counsel (including contingent legal fees), licensing and enforcement related research, consulting and other expenses paid to third parties, as well as related internal payroll expenses.

 

Depreciation, amortization and impairment

 

Property and equipment is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The useful lives of our property and equipment is based on estimates of the period over which we expect the assets to be of economic benefit to us. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the useful life of the asset or the term of the lease.

 

Amortization of our intangible assets are recognized on a straight-line basis over the remaining useful life of the intangible assets. Impairment charges related to our intangible assets are recorded when an impairment indicator exists and the carrying amount of the related asset exceeds its fair value.

 

General and administrative

 

General and administrative expenses include management and administrative personnel, public and investor relations, overhead/office costs, insurance and various other professional fees, as well as sales and marketing costs and stock-based compensation for management and administrative personnel.

 

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Non-operating income (expense)

 

Non-operating income (expense) includes transaction gains (losses) from foreign exchange rate differences, bank charges, deposits, interest related to outstanding debt, as well as fair value adjustments related to our derivative warrant liabilities. The value of these derivative warrant liabilities is highly influenced by assumptions used in its valuation, as well as by our stock price as of the period end (revaluation date).

 

Income taxes

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States government enacted comprehensive tax reform, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”). The Tax Act made changes to the corporate tax rate, business-related deductions and taxation of foreign earnings, among other changes, that was effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017.

 

As of December 31, 2018, deferred tax assets generated from our activities in the United States were offset by a valuation allowance because realization depends on generating future taxable income, which, in our estimation, is not more likely than not to be generated before such net operating loss carryforwards expire.

 

Segment reporting

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is regularly evaluated by the enterprise’s Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. As a result of the Company’s transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, it currently has one operating segment that is also its sole reporting unit, XpresSpa.

 

The Company owns certain patent portfolios, which it looks to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company determined that its former intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and, as such, will no longer operate as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

Year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017

 

Revenue

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2018   2017   Change 
Products and services  $49,294,000   $48,373,000   $921,000 
Other   800,000    450,000    350,000 
Total revenue  $50,094,000   $48,823,000   $1,271,000 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded total revenue of $50,094,000, which represents an increase of $921,000, or 1.9%, as compared to $48,823,000 recorded in the year ended December 31, 2017. The increase in revenue was mainly due to the timing of the opening of new XpresSpa locations during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 and the first three quarters of fiscal 2018. During 2018, we generated 83% of our revenues from services and 17% of our revenues from retail sales. We plan to grow XpresSpa’s revenue through a combination of increases in sales at our existing XpresSpa locations and the addition of new locations.

 

Additionally, during the year ended December 31, 2018, we sold certain of our patents for consideration which included $250,000 and 250,000 shares of Common Stock in Marathon Patent Group, Inc. that were fair valued at $450,000. Also, in each twelve-month period ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, we entered into an executed confidential patent license agreement with a third-party for which we received a one-time lump sum payment of $100,000.

 

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Cost of sales

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2018   2017   Change 
Cost of sales  $39,451,000   $38,986,000   $465,000 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded total cost of sales of $39,451,000. The increase in cost of sales of $465,000, or 1.2%, was consistent with the increase in revenues, as we have experienced an increase in cost of sales associated with labor and occupancy due to the opening of new stores during the fourth quarter of 2017 and the first three quarters of fiscal 2018. Although we had 56 locations as of both December 31, 2018 and 2017, we had 57 locations as of September 30, 3018 compared to 51 locations as of September 30, 2017. The largest component in the cost of sales are labor costs at the store-level, as our associates receive commission-based compensation as well as additional incentives based on individual and store performance. Cost of sales also includes rent and related occupancy costs, which are also a percentage of sales, as well as product costs directly associated with the procurement of retail inventory and other operating costs.

 

The overall increase in cost of sales due to the opening of new stores was partially offset by initiatives taken to streamline processes and reduce store-level costs which included reduced warehousing and shipping charges as we completed the transition of inventory sourcing to our strategic partner in the first half of 2018.

 

Cost of sales is expected to grow over time as our revenues increase. We expect that total cost of sales as a percentage of revenues will decline gradually over time as a result of the store-level performance improvements which we continue to prioritize.

 

Depreciation, amortization, and impairment

 

    Year ended December 31,  
    2018     2017     Change  
Depreciation and amortization   $ 9,498,000     $ 7,976,000     $ 1,522,000  

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, depreciation and amortization expense totaled $9,498,000, which represents an increase of $1,522,000, or 19.1%, compared to the depreciation and amortization expense recorded during the year ended December 31, 2017. The increase was primarily due to the depreciation expense related to the increase in the number of stores open during the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017. Additionally, included in the depreciation expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 is a $2,100,000 expense for impairment of fixed assets in locations where we have obligations under long-term leases.

 

Goodwill impairment

 

   Year ended December 31, 
   2018   2017   Change 
Goodwill impairment  $19,630,000   $   $19,630,000 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded $19,630,000 of goodwill impairment expense. There was no goodwill impairment recorded during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

On January 5, 2018, we changed our name to XpresSpa Group as part of a rebranding effort to align our corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company, which we commenced following our acquisition of XpresSpa on December 23, 2016. Following the subsequent sale of Group Mobile on March 22, 2018, which was the only remaining component of our technology operating segment, our management made the decision that our intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and would no longer operate as a separate operating segment as it is not expected to generate any material revenues. This completed our transition into a pure-play health and wellness company with only one operating segment, consisting of our XpresSpa business.

 

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, our stock price declined from an opening price of $27.20 on January 2, 2018 to $14.40 on March 29, 2018. Subsequently, on April 19, 2018, we entered into a separation agreement with our Chief Executive Officer regarding his resignation as Chief Executive Officer and as our Director.

 

These events were identified by our management as triggering events requiring that goodwill be tested for impairment as of March 31, 2018. In addition to our rebranding efforts to a pure-play health and wellness services company, our stock price continued to decline even after the announcement of the new Chief Executive Officer. As the stock price had not rebounded, we determined that the impairment related to the three-month period ended March 31, 2018.

 

We performed testing on the estimated fair value of goodwill and, as a result, we recorded an impairment charge of $19,630,000 to reduce the carrying value of goodwill to its fair value, which was determined to be zero.

 

The impairment to goodwill was a result of the structural changes to the Company, including completion of the transition from a holding company to a pure-play health and wellness company and the change in Executive Management.

 

General and administrative

 

    Year ended December 31,  
    2018     2017     Change  
General and administrative   $ 16,240,000     $ 16,577,000     $ (337,000 )

  

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During the year ended December 31, 2018, general and administrative expenses decreased by $337,000, or 2.0%, to $16,240,000, compared to $16,577,000 that was recorded during the year ended December 31, 2017. This decrease is a result of streamlined processes at the corporate level to reduce administrative costs, as well as a reduction in stock-based compensation expense of $1,261,000 from $2,177,000 for the year ended December 31, 2017 to $916,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018. The overall decrease in general and administrative expenses was partially offset by severance costs of $350,000, one-time professional fees of $1,309,000, and one-time project costs of $359,000 related to the buildout and implementation of a business analytics tool, which we do not expect to recur in future periods.

  

Non-operating expense, net

 

    Year ended December 31,  
    2018     2017     Change  
Non-operating expense, net   $ (1,184,000 )   $ (1,285,000 )   $ (101,000 )

 

Net non-operating expenses include interest expense, gain or loss on the revaluation of derivative warrant liabilities and other non-operating income and expenses.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded net non-operating expense in the amount of $1,184,000 compared to net non-operating expense in the amount of $1,285,000 recorded during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded interest expense of $731,000 related to our outstanding indebtedness with Rockmore, amortization of debt discount, debt issuance costs, and interest on our Convertible Notes of $1,240,000, and other non-operating expenses of $734,000, which includes $148,000 of loss on impairment related to the cost method investment in Marathon. These non-operating expenses were offset by a gain of $1,521,000 on the revaluation of the derivative warrant liabilities that is reported as non-operating income.

 

The net non-operating expense of $1,285,000 during 2017 was mainly comprised of $731,000 of interest expense related to a credit agreement and secured promissory note (the “Debt”) with Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd. (“Rockmore”), $470,000 of finance expenses, and $309,000 of other non-operating expenses. The net non-operating expenses were reduced by a gain of $225,000 on the revaluation of our derivative warrant liabilities and other non-operating income items.

 

We expect that our non-operating income (expense) will remain highly volatile, and we may choose to fund our operations through additional financing. In particular, non-operating income (expense) will be affected by the adjustments to the fair value of our derivative instruments. Fair value of these derivative instruments depends on a variety of assumptions, such as estimations regarding triggering of down-round protection and estimated future share price. An estimated increase in the price of our Common Stock would increase the value of the warrants and thus result in a loss on our statements of operations.

 

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Discontinued Operations

 

In October 2017, we completed the sale of FLI Charge and in March 2018, we completed the sale of Group Mobile. These two entities previously comprised our technology operating segment. The results of operations for FLI Charge and Group Mobile are presented in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as consolidated net loss from discontinued operations. The discontinued operations had a loss $1,115,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018, a decrease of $11,162,000 from the loss of $12,277,000 for discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Taxes on Income 

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States government enacted the Tax Act, which made changes to the corporate tax rate, business-related deductions and taxation of foreign earnings, among other changes, that were generally effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017.

 

As of December 31, 2018, our estimated aggregate total NOLs were $150,926,000 for U.S. federal purposes, expiring 20 years from the respective tax years to which they relate, and $23,139,000 for U.S. federal purposes with an indefinite life due to new regulations in the TCJA of 2017. The NOL amounts are presented before Internal Revenue Code, Section 382 limitations (“Section 382”). The Tax Reform Act of 1986 imposed substantial restrictions on the utilization of NOL and tax credits in the event of an ownership change of a corporation. Thus, our ability to utilize all such NOL and credit carryforwards may be limited. The NOLs available post-merger that we completed in 2012 that are not subject to limitation amount to $134,464,000. The remaining NOLs of $39,601,000 are subject to the limitation of Section 382. The annual limitation is approximately $2,000,000.

 

We did not have any material unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2018. We do not expect to record any additional material provisions for unrecognized tax benefits within the next year.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary liquidity and capital requirements are for current and new XpresSpa locations. As of December 31, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of $3,403,000. We hold significant portions of our cash balance in overseas accounts, totaling $1,144,000, which is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). If we were to distribute the amounts held overseas, we would need to follow an approval and distribution process as it is defined in our operating and partnership agreements, which may delay and/or reduce the availability of our cash to us. Our total cash decreased by $2,965,000 from $6,368,000 as of December 31, 2017 to $3,403,000 as of December 31, 2018.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, we incurred $3,116,000 of capital expenditures, paid $320,000 in debt issuance costs associated with the Convertible Notes, paid $731,000 of interest on the Debt, distributed $1,636,000 to noncontrolling interests, and used $6,876,000 on our operations. This was offset by the receipt of $250,000 from the sale of patents in January 2018 and the receipt of $800,000 from a note receivable that was paid in full in February 2018, as well as the receipt of $4,350,000 in gross proceeds from the issuance of Convertible Notes in May 2018, and $3,000,000 in gross proceeds from the Series E Preferred Stock financing. We expect to utilize our cash and cash equivalents, along with cash flows from operations, to provide capital to support the growth of our business, primarily through opening new XpresSpa locations, maintaining our existing XpresSpa locations and supporting corporate functions.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had approximately $3,403,000 of cash and cash equivalents, $2,247,000 of inventory and prepaid expenses and $109,000 of assets held for disposal, which amount to total current assets of $5,759,000. Our total current liabilities balance, which includes accounts payable, accrued expenses, debt, and the current portion of Convertible Notes, was $16,658,000 as of December 31, 2018. The working capital deficiency of $10,899,000 as of December 31, 2018 includes $1,986,000 of convertible notes classified as short-term liabilities for which principal repayments may be made in shares of Common Stock at our election, $1,742,000 which relates to obligations that will not settle in cash, and $465,000 of liabilities that are not expected to settle in the next twelve months.

 

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While we have aggressively reduced operating and overhead expenses, and while we continue to focus on our overall profitability, we have continued to generate negative cash flows from operations and we expect to incur net losses in the foreseeable future. As discussed above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 includes an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The receipt of this explanatory paragraph with respect to our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 will result in a breach of a covenant under the Senior Secured Note which, if unremedied for a period of 30 days after the date hereof, will constitute an event of default under the Senior Secured Note. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Senior Secured Note, Rockmore may, among other things, declare the Senior Secured Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts owing under the Senior Secured Note to be due and payable. If the maturity date of the Senior Secured Note is accelerated as a result of the event of default referenced above, an event of default under the Convertible Notes would be triggered. If an event of default under the Convertible Notes occurs, the outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes, liquidated damages and other amounts owing in respect thereof through the date of acceleration, shall become, at the holder’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.

 

We have taken actions to improve our overall cash position and access to liquidity by exploring valuable strategic partnerships, right-sizing our corporate structure, and stream-lining our operations. We expect that the actions taken in 2018 and early 2019 will enhance our liquidity and financial environment. In addition, we expect to generate additional liquidity through the monetization of certain investments and other assets. We expect that these actions will be executed in alignment with the anticipated timing of our liquidity needs. There can be no assurance, however, that any such opportunities will materialize.

 

Our historical operating results indicate that there is substantial doubt related to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. We believe it is probable that the actions discussed above will transpire and will successfully mitigate the substantial doubt raised by our historical operating results and will satisfy our liquidity needs 12 months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, we cannot reasonably predict with any certainty that the results of our planned actions will generate the expected liquidity required to satisfy our liquidity needs.

 

If we continue to experience operating losses, and we are not able to generate additional liquidity through the actions described above or through some combination of other actions, while not expected, we may not be able to access additional funds and we might need to secure additional sources of funds, which may or may not be available to us. Additionally, a failure to generate additional liquidity could negatively impact our access to inventory or services that are important to the operation of our business.

 

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Cash flows

 

    Year ended December 31,  
    2018     2017     Change  
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (6,566,000 )   $ (12,172,000 )   $ 5,606,000  
Net cash used in investing activities   $ (1,866,000 )   $ (5,396,000 )   $ 3,530,000  
Net cash provided by financing activities   $ 5,644,000     $ 6,087,000     $ (443,000 )

  

Operating activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash used in operating activities totaled $6,566,000, of which $8,067,000 was net cash used in continuing operations and $1,501,000 was net cash provided by our discontinued operations. During the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in operating activities totaled $12,172,000, of which $8,761,000 was net cash used in operating activities and $3,411,000 was net cash used in discontinued operations. The decrease of cash used in operating activities of $5,606,000 was due largely to our cost cutting measures and reduced cash used in our daily operations as we have continued to focus on right-sizing the corporate structure and reducing overhead and operating costs.

  

Investing activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash used in investing activities totaled $1,866,000, all of which was net cash used in continuing operations, mainly attributable to the net cash used to acquire property and equipment and software. This was primarily driven by capital expenditures for new store openings and renovations to existing stores. The net cash used was partially reduced by $800,000 received in January 2018 related to the sale of FLI Charge, $250,000 received from the sale of one of our patents, and $200,000 received from the sale of 205,646 shares of Marathon Common Stock.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in investing activities totaled $5,396,000, of which $4,286,000 was net cash used in continuing operations and $1,110,000 was net cash used in our discontinued operations, mainly attributable to the net cash used to acquire property and equipment and software. This was driven by capital expenditures for store openings and renovations as well as systems enhancements at both the stores and corporate office. The net cash used was partially reduced by $250,000 received upon the sale of FLI Charge and $150,000 received from the sale of one of our patents.

 

We expect that net cash used in investing activities will increase as we intend to continue to open new stores and develop supporting infrastructure and systems.

 

Financing activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, net cash provided by financing activities totaled $5,644,000, all of which was comprised of net cash provided by continuing operations. Included in the net cash provided by financing activities are the proceeds from the issuance of convertible notes and warrants of $4,350,000, which were partially offset by debt issuance costs of $320,000, and proceeds from the sale of our Series E Preferred Stock of $3,000,000. Also included in the net cash provided by financing activities are contributions of $250,000 from certain of XpresSpa’s ACDBE partners, offset by distribution payments to XpresSpa’s ACDBE partners of $1,636,000.

  

During the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash provided by financing activities totaled $6,087,000, which was comprised of $6,448,000 of net cash provided by continuing operations and $361,000 of net cash used in our discontinued operations. Included in the net cash provided by continuing operations are net proceeds of $6,584,000 received from the Offering in July and $316,000 from contributions made by certain of XpresSpa’s ACDBE partners, offset by distribution payments to XpresSpa’s ACDBE partners of $452,000.

 

A significant portion of our issued and outstanding warrants, for which the underlying shares of Common Stock held by non-affiliates are freely tradable, are currently “out-of-the-money.” Therefore, the potential of additional incoming funds from exercises by our warrant holders is currently very limited. To the extent that any of our issued and outstanding warrants were “in-the-money,” it could be used as a source of additional funding if the warrant holders choose to exercise their warrants for cash.

 

We may also choose to raise additional funds in connection with any acquisitions that we may pursue. There can be no assurance, however, that any such opportunity will materialize. Moreover, any such financing would most likely be dilutive to our current stockholders.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no obligations, assets or liabilities that would be considered off-balance sheet arrangements. We do not participate in transactions that create relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, often referred to as variable interest entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

While our significant accounting policies are more fully described in the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, which appear elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we believe the following accounting policies to be the most critical in understanding the judgments and estimates we used in preparing our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Revenue recognition

 

We recognize revenue from the sale of XpresSpa products and services at the point of sale, net of discounts and applicable sales taxes. Revenues from the XpresSpa wholesale and e-commerce businesses are recorded at the time goods are shipped. Accordingly, we recognize revenue for our single performance obligation related to both in-store and online sales at the point at which the service has been performed or the control of the merchandise has passed to the customer. We exclude all sales taxes assessed to our customers. Sales taxes assessed on revenues are included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets until remitted to the state agencies.

 

We also have a franchise agreement with an unaffiliated franchisee to operate an XpresSpa location. We have identified the franchise right as a distinct performance obligation that transfers over time, and therefore any portion of the non-recurring initial franchise fee that is allocated to the franchise right should be recognized over the course of the contract rather than all upfront as would be the case with distinct performance obligations. Under our franchising model, all initial franchising fees relate to the franchise right and therefore are recognized over the course of the contract which commences upon signing of the agreement. Upon receipt of the non-recurring, non-refundable initial franchise fee, management records a deferred revenue asset and recognizes revenue on a straight-line basis over the contract term. As of December 31, 2018, there were no franchise royalty revenues as operations have not yet commenced. Once operations commence, franchise royalty revenue will be recorded in the period earned.

 

Other revenue relates to one-time intellectual property licenses as well as the sale of certain of our intellectual property. Revenue from patent licensing is recognized when we transfer promised intellectual property rights to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those intellectual property rights. Currently, revenue arrangements related to intellectual property provide for the payment of contractually determined fees and other consideration for the grant of certain intellectual property rights related to our patents. These rights typically include some combination of the following: (i) the grant of a non-exclusive, retroactive and future license to manufacture and/or sell products covered by patents, (ii) the release of the licensee from certain claims, and (iii) the dismissal of any pending litigation. The intellectual property rights granted typically extend until the expiration of the related patents. Pursuant to the terms of these agreements, we have no further obligation with respect to the grant of the non-exclusive retroactive and future licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other deliverables, including no express or implied obligation on our part to maintain or upgrade the related technology, or provide future support or services. Generally, the agreements provide for the grant of the licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other significant deliverables upon execution of the agreement, or upon receipt of the upfront payment. As such, the earnings process is complete and revenue is recognized upon the execution of the agreement, receipt of the upfront fee, and transfer of the promised intellectual property rights.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is an asset representing the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized.

 

Goodwill is reviewed for impairment at least annually, and when triggering events occur, in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. We evaluate goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level and perform our annual goodwill impairment test on December 31. We have adopted ASU No. 2017-14, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment effective January 1, 2018. We have the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if an impairment is more likely than not to have occurred. If we can support the conclusion that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then we would not need to perform the quantitative impairment test for the reporting unit. If we cannot support such a conclusion or do not elect to perform the qualitative assessment, then the qualitative goodwill impairment test is used to identify potential impairment by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill.

 

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If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then the goodwill is not impaired. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an impairment charge will be recorded based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value. A significant amount of judgment is required in performing goodwill impairment tests including estimating the fair value of a reporting unit and the implied fair value of goodwill.

 

As of December 31, 2018, our goodwill was fully impaired. See “Note 6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill” for further details on the assessment and conclusion on the goodwill impairment recorded during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets include trade names, customer relationships, and technology, which were acquired as part of the acquisition of XpresSpa in December 2016 and are recorded based on the estimated fair value in purchase price allocation. Intangible assets also include purchased patents. The intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which are periodically evaluated for reasonableness.

 

Our intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In assessing the recoverability of our intangible assets, we must make estimates and assumptions regarding future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of the respective assets. These estimates and assumptions could have a significant impact on whether an impairment charge is recognized and also the magnitude of any such charge. Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant information. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgments and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates. If these estimates or material related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges related to its intangible assets.

 

Fair value measurements

 

Our derivative warrant liabilities are measured at fair value. Such liabilities are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“Black-Scholes”) and the Monte-Carlo models (as these warrants include down-round protection clauses), which utilize significant inputs that are unobservable in the market. The inputs to estimate the fair value of our derivative warrant liabilities are the current market price of our Common Stock, the exercise price of the warrant, the warrants’ remaining expected term, the volatility of our Common Stock price, our assumptions regarding the probability and timing of a down-round protection triggering event and the risk-free interest rate. The tables below illustrate the unobservable inputs estimated by management on the respective balance sheet dates:

 

May 2015 Warrants

 

December 31, 2018:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
May 2015 Warrants  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   71.16%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.49%
      Expected term, in years   1.34 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

December 31, 2017:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
May 2015 Warrants  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   39.64%
      Risk free interest rate   1.88%
      Expected term, in years   2.34 

     Dividend yield   0.00%

  

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May 2018 Warrants

 

December 31, 2018:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
A Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   70.61%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.53%
      Expected term, in years   4.38 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
B Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   84.02%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.25%
      Expected term, in years   0.12 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

May 17, 2018:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
A Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   71.13%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.98%
      Expected term, in years   5.00 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
B Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   72.88%
      Risk-free interest rate   1.99%
      Expected term, in years   0.50 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

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The fair value measurements of the derivative warrant liabilities are evaluated by management to ensure that changes are consistent with expectations of management based upon the sensitivity and nature of the related inputs. Significant changes in any of those inputs in isolation can result in a significant change in the fair value measurement. Generally, an increase in the market price of our Common Stock, an increase in the volatility of our Common Stock, an increase in the remaining term of the warrants, or an increase of a probability of a down-round triggering event would each result in a directionally similar change in the estimated fair value of our derivative warrant liabilities. Such changes would increase the associated liability while decreases in these assumptions would decrease the associated liability. An increase in the risk-free interest rate or a decrease in the positive differential between the warrants’ exercise price and the market price of our Common Stock would result in a decrease in the estimated fair value measurement of the warrants and thus a decrease in the associated liability. We have not, and do not plan to, declare dividends on our Common Stock and, as such, there is no change in the estimated fair value of the derivative warrant liabilities due to the dividend assumption. Had we made different assumptions about the inputs noted above, the recorded gain or loss, our net loss and net loss per share amounts could have been significantly different.

 

Stock-based compensation

 

Stock-based compensation is recognized as an expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and such cost is measured at the grant-date fair value of the equity-settled award. The fair value of stock options is estimated as of the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model. The expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. We use the simplified method to estimate the expected term of options due to insufficient history and high turnover in the past. The contractual life of options granted under our 2006 and 2012 option plans are 6 and 10 years, respectively. Since our Company lacks sufficient history, expected volatility is estimated based on the average historical volatility of similar entities with publicly traded shares. The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the United States Treasury yield curve as of the date of grant.

 

Income taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided for the amount of deferred tax assets that, based on available evidence, are not more likely than not to be realized. Tax benefits related to excess deductions on stock-based compensation arrangements are recognized when they reduce taxes payable.

 

In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we look at cumulative losses in recent years, estimates of future taxable earnings, feasibility of tax planning strategies, the ability to realize tax benefit carryforwards, and other relevant information. Valuation allowances related to deferred tax assets can be impacted by changes to tax laws, changes to statutory tax rates and future taxable earnings. Ultimately, the actual tax benefits to be realized will be based upon future taxable earnings levels, which are very difficult to predict. In the event that actual results differ from these estimates in future periods, we will be required to adjust the valuation allowance.

 

Significant judgment is required in evaluating our federal, state and foreign tax positions and in the determination of our tax provision. Despite management's belief that our liability for unrecognized tax benefits is adequate, it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of the resolution of any particular tax matters. We may adjust these accruals as relevant circumstances evolve, such as guidance from the relevant tax authority, our tax advisors, or resolution of issues in the courts. Our tax expense includes the impact of accrual provisions and changes to accruals that it considers appropriate. These adjustments are recognized as a component of income tax expense entirely in the period in which new information is available. We record interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as general and administrative expenses.

 

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We recognize the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50 percent of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States government enacted the Tax Act, which made changes to the corporate tax rate, business-related deductions and taxation of foreign earnings, among other changes, that was generally effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017.

 

Segment reporting

 

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is regularly evaluated by the enterprise’s CODM in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. As a result of the Company’s transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, it currently has one operating segment that is also its sole reporting unit, XpresSpa.

 

The Company owns certain patent portfolios, which it looks to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company determined that its former intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and, as such, will no longer operate as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)

The core principle of this new standard is that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance was amended in July 2015 and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern, Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

This standard requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. Substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern exists when it is probable that the entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. Management’s evaluation should be based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the financial statements are issued. The amendments in this Update are effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2016. See Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources” for management’s assessment and conclusion for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Topic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities

This standard amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure for financial instruments. With respect to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the most significant impact relates to the accounting for equity investments. It will impact the disclosure and presentation of financial assets and liabilities. The amendments in this update are effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)

This standard provides new guidance related to accounting for leases and supersedes GAAP on lease accounting with the intent to increase transparency. This standard requires operating leases to be recorded on the balance sheet as assets and liabilities and requires disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

In 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, and several amendments (collectively, “ASU 2016-02”), which requires the Company to recognize assets and liabilities arising from most operating leases on the consolidated statements of financial condition. In 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”), which provides a transition option to not apply the new lease standard to the comparative periods presented in the consolidated statements of financial condition. Under this transition option, the Company shall apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes any cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018 on a modified retrospective basis. The Company applied the transition option permitted by ASU 2018-11 and elected the package of practical expedients to alleviate certain operational and reporting complexities related to the adoption. The Company expects to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the range of $10 million to $12 million for its current operating leases upon adoption of ASU 2016-02 and does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on its results of operations or cash flows.

 

ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

This standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets that are measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade receivables, from an incurred loss model to an expected loss model and adds certain new required disclosures. Under the expected loss model, entities will recognize estimated credit losses to be incurred over the entire contractual term of the instrument rather than delaying recognition of credit losses until it is probable the loss has been incurred. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts, Cash Payments, and Restricted Stock

This standard provides new guidance to help clarify whether certain items should be categorized as operating, investing, or financing in the statement of cash flows. This ASU No. 2016-15 provides guidance on eight specific cash flow issues. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash

This amendment clarifies the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the consolidated statement of cash flows under Topic 230. In addition to providing explanation on the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2016-18 effective January 1, 2018. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-18, in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018, we reclassified $487 of restricted cash.

 

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ASU No. 2017-09, Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting

This standard provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a stock-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The current disclosure requirements in Topic 718 apply regardless of whether an entity is required to apply modification accounting under the amendments in this update. ASU 2017-09 is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017; early adoption is permitted. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)

This standard provides new guidance to address the complexity of accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. The amendments of this ASU change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. A down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. A freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion feature) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value as a result of the existence of a down round feature. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities

This standard was created to provide more specific guidance and to simplify the application of hedge accounting in current U.S. GAAP to facilitate financial reporting that more closely reflects an entity’s risk management activities. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

This standard provides guidance on the reclassification of certain tax effects from AOCI to retained earnings in the period in which the effects of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recorded. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement

This amendment provides updates to the disclosure requirements on fair value measures in Topic 820 which includes the changes in unrealized gains and losses in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements, the option of additional quantitative information surrounding unobservable inputs and the elimination of disclosures around the valuation processes for Level 3 measurements. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required as we are a smaller reporting company.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Our consolidated financial statements required by this Item are set forth in Item 15 beginning on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

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ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing, our Chief Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the year ended December 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer and effected by our Board of Directors, management, and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP and includes those policies and procedures that:

 

  · pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;

 

  · provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and

 

  · provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of our inherent limitations, our internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013 Framework).

 

Based on our assessment, management believes that, as of December 31, 2018, our internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

On March 28, 2019, Janine Canale, our Controller, Principal Financial and Accounting Officer resigned, effective April 12, 2019, to commence another career opportunity.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Information called for by this Item may be found in our definitive Proxy Statement in connection with our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC under the captions “Management and Corporate Governance Matters,” “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance,” and “Code of Conduct and Ethics” is incorporated by reference in this Item 10.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Information called for by this Item may be found in our definitive Proxy Statement in connection with our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC under the captions “Executive Officer and Director Compensation” and “Management and Corporate Governance” and is incorporated by reference in this Item 11.

 

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ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

Information called for by this Item may be found in our definitive Proxy Statement in connection with our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC under the captions “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” and is incorporated by reference in this Item 12.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Information called for by this Item may be found in our definitive Proxy Statement in connection with our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC under the captions “Certain Relationships and Related Person Transactions” and “Management and Corporate Governance” and is incorporated by reference in this Item 13.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

Information called for by this Item may be found in our definitive Proxy Statement in connection with our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC under the caption “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” and is incorporated by reference in this Item 14.

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a)(1) Financial Statements. For the financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, see “Index to the Financial Statements” on page F-1.

 

(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules. All schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or because the required information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

(a)(3) Exhibits. The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Exhibits Index

 

Exhibit 
No.

  Description
    Agreement and Plan of Merger by and among FORM Holdings Corp., FHXMS, LLC, XpresSpa Holdings, LLC, the unitholders of XpresSpa who are parties thereto and Mistral XH Representative, LLC, as representative of the unitholders, dated as of August 8, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 8, 2016).
     
2.2   Amendment No. 1 to Agreement and Plan of Merger by and among FORM Holdings Corp., FHXMS, LLC, XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Mistral XH Representative, LLC, as representative of the unitholders, dated September 8, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 9, 2016).
     
2.3   Amendment No. 2 to Agreement and Plan of Merger by and among FORM Holdings Corp., FHXMS, LLC, XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Mistral XH Representative, LLC, as representative of the unitholders, dated October 25, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 25, 2016).
     
3.1*   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended as of December 31, 2018.
     
3.2*   Amended and Restated Bylaws.
     
3.3   Certificate of Designation of Series C Junior Participating Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 21, 2016).
     
3.4   Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 23, 2016).
     
3.5   Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 14, 2018).
     
4.1   Specimen Common Stock certificate (incorporated by reference from our Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on May 18, 2010).

 

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4.2   Form of Warrant (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 16, 2015)
     
4.3   Form of Warrant (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.3 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 4, 2015)
     
4.4   Section 382 Rights Agreement, dated as of March 18, 2016, between Vringo, Inc. and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC, which includes the Form of Certificate of Designation of Series C Junior Participating Preferred Stock as Exhibit A, the Form of Right Certificate as Exhibit B and the Summary of Rights to Purchase Preferred Stock as Exhibit C (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 21, 2016)
     
4.5   Amendment to Section 382 Rights Agreement, dated March 18, 2019, between the Company and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 22, 2019).
     
4.6   Form of Warrant to Purchase Shares of Common Stock of FORM Holdings Corp. (incorporated by reference from Annex F to our Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed with the SEC on October 26, 2016)
     
4.7   Form of Secured Convertible Note (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
4.8   Form of Class A Warrant (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
4.9   Form of Class B Warrant (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.1†   Vringo, Inc. 2012 Employee, Director and Consultant Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (incorporated by reference from Appendix C of our Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A (DEF 14A) filed with the SEC on September 25, 2015)
     
10.2†   Form of Management Option Agreement (incorporated by reference from our Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on March 29, 2010).
     
10.3†   Form of Stock Option Agreement (incorporated by reference from our Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on July 26, 2012)
     
10.4†   Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement (incorporated by reference from our Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on July 26, 2012)

 

58

 

 

10.5   Form of Indemnification Agreement, dated January 31, 2013, by and between Vringo, Inc. and each of its Directors and Executive Officer (incorporated by reference from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2012 filed on March 21, 2013)
     
10.6   Subscription Agreement, dated as of August 8, 2016, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Mistral Spa Holdings, LLC (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 8, 2016)
     
10.7   Subscription Agreement and Joinder, dated as of August 8, 2016, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and FORM Holdings Corp (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 8, 2016)
     
10.8†   FORM Holdings Corp. 2012 Employee, Director and Consultant Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 28, 2016)
     
10.9†   Independent Director’s Agreement, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Andrew R. Heyer, dated as of December 23, 2016 (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 23, 2016)
     
10.10††   Confidential Settlement and Patent Assignment Agreement by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Nokia Corporation dated as of December 5, 2016 (incorporated by reference from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2016 filed on March 30, 2017)
     
10.11   Form of Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 2, 2016, by and between FORM Holdings Corp., Excalibur Integrated Systems, Inc., each of the holders of the capital stock of Excalibur, and the sellers’ representative (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on February 3, 2017)
     
10.12†   Executive Employment Agreement, dated January 20, 2017, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Edward Jankowski (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2017)
     
10.13†   Executive Employment Agreement, dated January 18, 2017, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Andrew Perlman (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2017)
     
10.14†   Executive Employment Agreement, dated January 17, 2017, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Anastasia Nyrkovskaya (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2017)
     
10.15†   Executive Employment Agreement, dated January 17, 2017, by and between FORM Holdings Corp. and Jason Charkow (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2017)
     
10.16   Membership Purchase Agreement dated as of March 7, 2018 by and among Route1 Security Corporation, Route1 Inc. and XpresSpa Group, Inc. (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 2.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2018)

 

59

 

 

10.17   Credit Agreement dated as of April 22, 2015, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.18   First Amendment to Credit Agreement and Conditional Waiver dated as of August 8, 2016, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.19   Second Amendment to Credit Agreement dated as of May 10, 2017, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and B3D, LLC (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.20   Third Amendment to Credit Agreement dated as of May 14, 2018, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and B3D, LLC (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.21   Security Agreement dated as of April 22, 2015, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.5 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.22   Supplement No. 1 to Security Agreement dated as of May 18, 2015, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.6 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.23   Supplement No. 2 to Security Agreement dated as of December 20, 2017, by and between XpresSpa Holdings, LLC and Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.7 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.24   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated May 15, 2018, by and among the Company and the Investors (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.8 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.25   Form of Registration Rights Agreement, dated May 15, 2018, by and among the Company and the Investors (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.9 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.26   Form of Security Agreement, dated May 15, 2018, by and among the Company, the Subsidiaries, the Collateral Agent and the Investors (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.10 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018).
     
10.27   Form of Stock Purchase Agreement, dated November 12, 2018, by and among the Company and Calm.com, Inc. (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 14, 2018).
     
10.28*   Product Sale and Marketing Agreement, dated November 12, 2018, by and between the Company and Calm.com, Inc.
     
10.29†   Separation Agreement between the Company and Mr. Edward Jankowski, dated March 14, 2019 (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2019).
     
10.30†   Non-Disclosure Agreement between the Company and Mr. Edward Jankowski, dated March 14, 2019 (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.2 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 15, 2019).
     
21*   Subsidiaries of XpresSpa Group, Inc.
     
23.1*   Consent of CohnReznick LLP, independent registered public accounting firm
     
31.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act, Rules 13a – 14(a) and 15d – 14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
31.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a – 14(a) and 15d – 14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32**   Certifications  of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
101.INS*   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

  * Filed herewith.

 

  ** Furnished herewith.

 

  Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

  †† Certain portions have been omitted pursuant to a confidential treatment request. Omitted information has been filed separately with the SEC.

 

60

 

 

ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY

 

None.

 

61

 

 

Exhibit XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

    Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm   F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets   F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss   F-4
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity   F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows   F-6
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements   F-7- F-45

 

 F-1 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Board of Directors and

Stockholders of XpresSpa Group, Inc.:

 

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of XpresSpa Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Substantial Doubt about the Company’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, based on its projections, the Company anticipates that during 2019, it will not have sufficient capital to repay the obligations under its credit agreement if called for repayment by the lenders. Furthermore, the Company’s recurring losses from operations and working capital deficiency raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ CohnReznick LLP  
   

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.

 
   

Jericho, New York

 

April 1, 2019

 

 

 F-2 

 

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   December 31,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $3,403   $6,368 
Inventory   782    1,159 
Other current assets   1,465    2,120 
Assets held for disposal   109    6,446 
Total current assets   5,759    16,093 
           
Restricted cash   487    487 
Property and equipment, net   11,795    15,797 
Intangible assets, net   9,167    11,547 
Goodwill       19,630 
Other assets   3,376    1,686 
Total assets  $30,584   $65,240 
           
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities  $8,132   $8,736 
Debt   6,500     
Convertible notes   1,986     
Liabilities held for disposal   40    3,761 
Total current liabilities   16,658    12,497 
           
Long-term liabilities          
Debt       6,500 
Derivative warrant liabilities   476    34 
Other liabilities   315    370 
Total liabilities   17,449    19,401 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 18)          
           
Stockholders’ equity*          
Series A Convertible Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 348 shares authorized; 348 issued and none outstanding        
Series B Convertible Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share, 80,458 shares authorized; 80,458 shares issued and none outstanding        
Series C Junior Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 15,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding        
Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share, 25,000 shares authorized; 23,760 shares issued and 21,027 shares outstanding with a liquidation value of $20,186   4    4 
Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share, 73,665 shares authorized; 48,387 shares issued and outstanding with a liquidation value of $3,023   10     
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share 7,500,000 shares authorized; 1,761,802 and 1,327,284 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively   352    265 
Additional paid-in capital   295,904    290,396 
Accumulated deficit   (286,913)   (249,708)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (251)   (74)
Total stockholders’ equity attributable to the Company   9,106    40,883 
Noncontrolling interests   4,029    4,956 
Total stockholders’ equity   13,135    45,839 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $30,584   $65,240 

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-3 

 

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 

    For the years ended December 31,  
    2018     2017  
             
Revenue                
Product and services   $ 49,294     $ 48,373  
Other     800       450  
Total revenue     50,094       48,823  
                 
Cost of sales                
Labor     24,369       24,327  
Occupancy     8,118       7,621  
Products and other operating costs     6,964       7,038  
Total cost of sales     39,451       38,986  
Depreciation and amortization     9,498       7,976  
Goodwill impairment     19,630        
General and administrative**     16,240       16,577  
Total operating expenses     84,819       63,539  
Operating loss from continuing operations     (34,725 )     (14,716 )
Interest expense     (1,827 )     (731 )
Extinguishment of debt     145        
Other non-operating income (expense), net     498       (554 )
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes     (35,909 )     (16,001 )
Income tax benefit (expense)     278       (111 )
Consolidated net loss from continuing operations     (35,631 )     (16,112 )
Loss from discontinued operations before income taxes**     (1,115 )     (12,265 )
Income tax expense           (12 )
Consolidated net loss from discontinued operations     (1,115 )     (12,277 )
Consolidated net loss     (36,746 )     (28,389 )
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests     (459 )     (451 )
Net loss attributable to the Company   $ (37,205 )   $ (28,840 )
                 
Consolidated net loss from continuing operations   $ (35,631 )   $ (16,112 )
Other comprehensive loss from continuing operations: foreign currency translation     (177 )     (61 )
Comprehensive loss from continuing operations     (35,808 )     (16,173 )
Consolidated net loss from discontinued operations     (1,115 )     (12,277 )
Other comprehensive income (loss) from discontinued operations: foreign currency translation            
Comprehensive loss from discontinued operations     (1,115 )     (12,277 )
Comprehensive loss   $ (36,923 )   $ (28,450 )
                 
Loss per share*                
Loss per share from continuing operations   $ (24.83 )   $ (14.86 )
Loss per share from discontinued operations     (0.77 )     (11.02 )
Total basic and diluted net loss per share   $ (25.60 )   $ (25.88 )
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the year*                
Basic     1,453,635       1,114,349  
Diluted     1,453,635       1,114,349  
                 
**Includes stock-based compensation expense, as follows:                
General and administrative   $ 916     $ 2,177  
Discontinued operations           568  
Total stock-based compensation expense   $ 916     $ 2,745  

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-4 

 

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands)

 

   Preferred
stock*
   Common
stock*
   Additional
paid-
in capital
   Accumulated
deficit
   Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss
   Total
Company
equity
   Non-
controlling
interest
   Total
equity
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016  $5   $183   $280,221   $(220,868)  $(13)  $59,528   $4,641   $64,169 
Issuance of Common Stock for services           27            27        27 
Shares of Common Stock issued for acquisition of Excalibur       9    1,800            1,809        1,809 
Net proceeds from sale and issuance of shares of Common Stock in public offering       69    6,515            6,584        6,584 
Decrease in shares of preferred stock issued to XpresSpa sellers           (908)           (908)       (908)
Conversion of preferred stock to Common Stock   (1)   4    (4)           (1)       (1)
Stock-based compensation           2,745            2,745        2,745 
Net income (loss) for the year               (28,840)       (28,840)   451    (28,389)
Foreign currency translation                   (61)   (61)       (61)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests                           316    316 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests                           (452)   (452)
Balance as of December 31, 2017  $4   $265   $290,396   $(249,708)  $(74)  $40,883   $4,956   $45,839 

 

    Preferred
stock*
    Common
stock*
    Additional
paid-
in capital
    Accumulated
deficit
    Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss
    Total
Company
equity
    Non-
controlling
interest
    Total
equity
 
December 31, 2017   $ 4     $ 265     $ 290,396     $ (249,708 )   $ (74 )   $ 40,883     $ 4,956     $ 45,839  
Vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”)           6       (6 )                              
Issuance of equity warrants                 64                   64             64  
Issuance of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock     10             2,990                   3,000             3,000  
Issuance of Common Stock for services           5       242                   247             247  
Issuance of Common Stock for repayment of debt and interest           76       1,302                   1,378             1,378  
Stock-based compensation                 916                   916             916  
Net income (loss) for the period                       (37,205 )           (37,205 )     459       (36,746 )
Foreign currency translation                             (177 )     (177 )           (177 )
Contributions from noncontrolling interests                                         250       250  
Distributions to noncontrolling interests                                         (1,636 )     (1,636 )
December 31, 2018   $ 14     $ 352     $ 295,904     $ (286,913 )   $ (251 )   $ 9,106     $ 4,029     $ 13,135  

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-5 

 

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

 

   For the
years ended December 31,
 
   2018   2017 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Consolidated net loss  $(36,746)  $(28,389)
Consolidated net loss from discontinued operations   (1,115)   (12,277)
Consolidated net loss from continuing operations   (35,631)   (16,112)
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net loss from continuing operations to net cash used in operating activities:          
Items not affecting cash flows          
Depreciation, impairment, and amortization   9,498    7,976 
Impairment of goodwill   19,630     
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs   986     
Stock-based compensation   916    2,177 
Issuance of warrants   64     
Conversion of shares of preferred stock to shares of Common Stock       (1)
Issuance of shares of Common Stock for services   247    27 
Issuance of Common Stock for repayment of debt and interest   

310

    

 
Gain on disposal of assets       (148)
Change in fair value of derivative warrant liabilities   (1,520)   (225)
Contingent liability as a result of acquisition       316 
Gain on the sale of patents   (450)    
Changes in assets and liabilities net of effects of acquisition          
Decrease in inventory   377    1,347 
Increase in other current assets and other assets   (1,835)   (636)
Decrease in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities   (604)   (3,114)
Decrease in other liabilities   (55)   (368)
Net cash used in operating activities – continuing operations   (8,067)   (8,761)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities – discontinued operations   1,501    (3,411)
Net cash used in operating activities   (6,566)   (12,172)
Cash flows from investing activities          
Cash acquired as part of acquisition       26 
Acquisition of property and equipment   (3,031)   (4,479)
Acquisition of software   (85)   (233)
Proceeds from the sale of subsidiary   800    250 
Proceeds from the sale of cost method investment   200     
Proceeds from sale of patents   250    150 
Net cash used in investing activities – continuing operations   (1,866)   (4,286)
Net cash used in investing activities – discontinued operations       (1,110)
Net cash used in investing activities   (1,866)   (5,396)
Cash flows from financing activities          
Proceeds from convertible notes and warrants   4,350     
Debt issuance costs   (320)    
Issuance of shares of Series E Convertible Preferred Stock   3,000     
Net proceeds from sale and issuance of shares of Common Stock in public offering       6,584 
Contributions from noncontrolling interests   250    316 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests   (1,636)   (452)
Net cash provided by financing activities – continuing operations   5,644    6,448 
Net cash used in financing activities – discontinued operations       (361)
Net cash provided by financing activities   5,644    6,087 
Effect of exchange rate changes   (177)   (61)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents   (2,965)   (11,542)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the year   6,855    18,397 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the year  $3,890   $6,855 
Cash paid during the year for          
Interest  $731   $731 
Non-cash investing and financing transactions          
Issuance of shares of Common Stock to repay $1,068 of debt and interest  $1,378   $ 
Issuance of shares of Common Stock, preferred stock and warrants for the acquisition of XpresSpa  $   $(908)
Issuance of shares of Common Stock for the acquisition of Excalibur  $   $1,809 
Issuance of shares of Common Stock for services  $247   $ 
Non-cash acquisition of cost method investment  $2,075   $ 
Debt discount related to issuance of convertible notes  $1,962   $ 
Non-cash acquisition of construction-in-progress  $228    1,154 

  

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-6 

 

 

XpresSpa Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In thousands, except for share and per share data)

 

Note 1. General

 

Overview

 

On January 5, 2018, the Company changed its name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. (“XpresSpa Group” or the “Company”) from FORM Holdings Corp. The Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”), which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018. Rebranding to XpresSpa Group aligned the Company’s corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company, which the Company commenced following its acquisition of XpresSpa Holdings, LLC (“XpresSpa”) on December 23, 2016.

 

As a result of the transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, the Company currently has one operating segment that is also its sole reporting unit, XpresSpa, a leading airport retailer of spa services. XpresSpa is a well-recognized airport spa brand with 56 locations, consisting of 51 domestic and 5 international locations as of December 31, 2018. XpresSpa offers travelers premium spa services, including massage, nail and skin care, as well as spa and travel products. During 2018 and 2017, XpresSpa generated $49,294 and $48,373 of revenue, respectively. In 2018 and 2017, approximately 83% and 82%, respectively, of XpresSpa’s total revenue was generated by services, primarily massage and nailcare, and 17% and 18%, respectively, was generated by retail products, primarily travel accessories.

 

XpresSpa is a leading airport retailer of spa services and related products. As of December 31, 2018, XpresSpa operated 56 total locations in 23 airports, and one off-airport location in New York City, in three countries including the United States, Netherlands and United Arab Emirates. Services and products include:

 

  massage services for the neck, back, feet and whole body;

 

  nail care, such as pedicures, manicures and polish changes;

 

  travel products, such as neck pillows, blankets and massage tools; and

 

 F-7 

 

 

  new offerings, such as cryotherapy services, NormaTec compression services, and Dermalogica personal care services and retail products.

 

For over 15 years, increased security requirements have led travelers to spend more time at the airport. In addition, in anticipation of the long and often stressful security lines, travelers allow for more time to get through security and, as a result, often experience increased downtime prior to boarding. Consequently, travelers at large airport hubs have idle time in the terminal after passing through security.

 

XpresSpa was developed to address the stress and idle time spent at the airport, allowing travelers to spend this time productively, by relaxing and focusing on personal care and wellness. XpresSpa is well positioned to benefit from consumers’ growing interest in health and wellness and increasing demand for spa services and related wellness products.

 

In addition, a confluence of microeconomic events has created favorable conditions for the expansion of retail concepts at airports, in particular retail concepts that attract higher spending from air travelers. The competition for airplane landings has forced airports to lower landing fees, which in turn has necessitated augmenting their retail offerings to offset budget shortfalls. Infrastructure projects at airports across the country, intended to make an airport more desirable to airlines, require funding from bond issuances that in turn rely upon, in part, the expected minimum rent guarantees and expected income from concessionaires.

 

The Company owns certain patent portfolios, which it looks to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company determined that its former intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and, as such, will no longer operate as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

In October 2017, the Company completed the sale of FLI Charge, Inc. (“FLI Charge”) and in March 2018, the Company completed the sale of Group Mobile Int’l LLC (“Group Mobile”). These two entities previously comprised the Company’s technology operating segment. The results of operations for FLI Charge and Group Mobile are presented in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as consolidated net loss from discontinued operations. The carrying amounts of assets and liabilities belonging to Group Mobile as of December 31, 2018, and FLI Charge and Group Mobile as of December 31, 2017, are presented in the consolidated balance sheets as assets held for disposal and liabilities held for disposal, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $3,403 of cash and cash equivalents, $2,247 of inventory and prepaid expenses and $109 of assets held for disposal, which amount to total current assets of $5,759. The Company’s total current liabilities balance, which includes accounts payable, accrued expenses, debt, and the current portion of Convertible Notes, was $16,658 as of December 31, 2018. The working capital deficiency of $10,899 as of December 31, 2018 includes $1,986 of convertible notes classified as short-term for which principal repayments may be made in shares of Common Stock at the Company’s election. In addition, included in total current liabilities is approximately $1,742 which relates to obligations that will not settle in cash, and an additional $465 of liabilities that are not expected to settle in the next twelve months.

 

While the Company has aggressively reduced operating and overhead expenses, and while the Company continues to focus on its overall profitability, the Company has continued to generate negative cash flows from operations and expects to incur net losses in the foreseeable future. The report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm on its financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 includes an explanatory paragraph indicating that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The receipt of this explanatory paragraph with respect to the Company’s financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 will result in a breach of a covenant under the Senior Secured Note which, if unremedied for a period of 30 days after the date hereof, will constitute an event of default under the Senior Secured Note. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Senior Secured Note, Rockmore may, among other things, declare the Senior Secured Note and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon and all other amounts owing under the Senior Secured Note to be due and payable. If the maturity date of the Senior Secured Note is accelerated as a result of the event of default referenced above, an event of default under the Convertible Notes would be triggered. If an event of default under the Convertible Notes occurs, the outstanding principal amount of the Convertible Notes, liquidated damages and other amounts owing in respect thereof through the date of acceleration, shall become, at the holder’s election, immediately due and payable in cash.

  

The Company has taken actions to improve its overall cash position and access to liquidity by exploring valuable strategic partnerships, right-sizing its corporate structure, and stream-lining operations. The Company expects that the actions taken in 2018 and early 2019 will enhance its liquidity and financial environment. In addition, the Company expects to generate additional liquidity through the monetization of certain investments and other assets. The Company expects that these actions will be executed in alignment with the anticipated timing of its liquidity needs. There can be no assurance, however, that any such opportunities will materialize.

 

 F-8 

 

 

The Company’s historical operating results indicate that there is substantial doubt related to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The Company believes it is probable that the actions discussed above will transpire and will successfully mitigate the substantial doubt raised by its historical operating results and will satisfy its liquidity needs 12 months from the issuance of the financial statements. However, the Company cannot reasonably predict with any certainty that the results of its planned actions will generate the expected liquidity required to satisfy its liquidity needs.

 

If the Company continues to experience operating losses, and the Company is not able to generate additional liquidity through the actions described above or through some combination of other actions, while not expected, the Company may not be able to access additional funds and the Company might need to secure additional sources of funds, which may or may not be available. Additionally, a failure to generate additional liquidity could negatively impact its access to inventory or services that are important to the operation of the business.

 

Recent Developments

 

CEO Transition

 

On February 8, 2019, Edward Jankowski resigned as Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company. Mr. Jankowski’s resignation was not as a result of any disagreement with the Company on any matters related to the Company’s operations, policies or practices. Mr. Jankowski will receive termination benefits including $375 payable in equal installments over a twelve-month term commencing on February 13, 2019 and COBRA continuation coverage paid in full by the Company for up to a maximum of twelve months.

 

Effective as of February 11, 2019, Douglas Satzman was appointed by the Company’s board of directors as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a director of the Company.

  

Reverse Stock Split

 

On February 22, 2019, The Company filed a certificate of amendment to its amended and restated certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a 1-for-20 reverse stock split of the Company’s shares of Common Stock. Such amendment and ratio were previously approved by the Company’s stockholders and board of directors, respectively.

 

As a result of the reverse stock split, every twenty (20) shares of the Company’s pre-reverse split Common Stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of Common Stock. Proportionate voting rights and other rights of Common Stock holders were affected by the reverse stock split. Stockholders who would have otherwise held a fractional share of Common Stock received payment in cash in lieu of any such resulting fractional shares of Common Stock as the post-reverse split amounts of Common Stock were rounded down to the nearest full share. Such cash payment in lieu of a fractional share of Common Stock was calculated by multiplying such fractional interest in one share of Common Stock by the closing trading price of the Company’s Common Stock on February 22, 2019, and rounded to the nearest cent. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the reverse stock split.

 

The Company’s Common Stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on a post-reverse split basis at the open of business on February 25, 2019.

 

 F-9 

 

  

Dispositions

 

On October 20, 2017, the Company sold FLI Charge to a group of private investors and FLI Charge management, who now own and operate FLI Charge. In February 2019, the Company entered into an agreement to release FLI Charge’s obligation to pay any royalties on FLI Charge’s perpetual gross revenues with regard to conductive wireless charging, power, or accessories, and to cancel its warrants exercisable in FLI Charge in exchange for cash proceeds of $1,100, which were received in full on February 15, 2019.

 

On March 22, 2018, the Company sold Group Mobile to a third party. The Company has not provided any continued management or financing support to FLI Charge or Group Mobile.

 

Rebranding

 

On January 5, 2018, the Company changed its name to XpresSpa Group, Inc. from FORM Holdings Corp, which aligned the Company’s corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company. The Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, which had previously been listed under the trading symbol “FH” on the Nasdaq Capital Market, has been listed under the trading symbol “XSPA” since January 8, 2018.

 

Sale of Patents

 

In January 2018, the Company sold certain patents to Crypto Currency Patent Holdings Company LLC, a unit of Marathon Patent Group, Inc. (“Marathon”), for approximately $1,250, comprised of $250 in cash and 250,000 shares of Marathon Common Stock valued at approximately $1,000 at the time of the transaction. The Marathon Common Stock was subject to a lockup period (the “Lockup Period”) which commenced on the transaction date and ended on July 11, 2018, subject to a leak-out provision. The Marathon Common Stock is recognized as a cost method investment and, as such, was required to be measured at cost on the date of acquisition, which, as of the transaction date, approximated fair value. The fair value of the Marathon Common Stock was estimated by multiplying the number of shares as they become tradeable by the price per share as of the transaction date; however, due to the fact that the Marathon Common Stock is restricted during the Lockup Period, the Company applied a discount on the lack of marketability to estimate the fair value at the measurement date. The fair value of the consideration as of the Transaction Date was determined to be $450.

 

Collaboration Agreement

 

On November 12, 2018, the Company entered into a Product Sale and Marketing Agreement (the “Collaboration Agreement”) with Calm.com, Inc. (“Calm”) primarily related to the display, marketing, promotion, offer for sale and sale of Calm’s products in each of the Company’s branded stores throughout the United States.

 

The Collaboration Agreement will remain in effect until July 31, 2019, unless terminated earlier in accordance with its terms, and automatically renew for successive terms of six months unless either party provides written notice of termination no later than thirty days prior to any such automatic renewal.

 

Financings

 

Secured Convertible Notes

 

On May 15, 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional investors (the “Investors”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell up to (i) an aggregate principal amount of $4,438 in 5% Secured Convertible Notes due on November 16, 2019, which included $88 of convertible notes issued to Palladium Capital Advisors as Placement Agent (the “Convertible Notes”), convertible into shares of its Common Stock at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, (ii) Class A Warrants (the “Class A Warrants”) to purchase 357,862 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share and (iii) Class B Warrants (the “Class B Warrants,” and together with the Class A Warrants, the “Warrants”) to purchase 178,931 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share. The Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum. The Convertible Notes are senior secured obligations of the Company and are secured by certain of its personal property. Unless earlier converted or redeemed, the Convertible Notes will mature on November 16, 2019. The transaction closed on May 17, 2018, at which time the Company received $4,350 in gross proceeds from the Investors.

 

 F-10 

 

 

The principal amount of the outstanding Convertible Notes was originally to be repaid monthly in the amount of approximately $296, beginning on September 17, 2018, and the Company may make such payments and related interest payments in cash or, subject to certain conditions, in registered shares of its Common Stock (or a combination thereof), at its election. If the Company chooses to repay the Convertible Notes in shares of its Common Stock, the shares will be issued at a 10% discount to the volume weighted average price of its Common Stock for the five (5) trading days commencing eight (8) days prior to the relevant repayment date and ending on the fourth (4th) trading day prior to such repayment date, subject to a minimum floor price of not less than 20% of the conversion price of the Convertible Notes on the issue date. The Company may also repay the Convertible Notes in advance of the maturity schedule subject to an early repayment penalty of 15%.

 

On August 14, 2018, the Company entered into an Amendment Agreement (the “First Amendment Agreement”) whereby the initial monthly principal repayment and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes of $351 was settled in 103,350 shares of Common Stock on August 15, 2018. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the year ended December 31, 2018, several of the Investors converted their monthly principal payments and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the First Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 377,109 shares of Common Stock.

 

On December 11, 2018, the Company entered into a Second Amendment Agreement (the “Second Amendment Agreement”) whereby each Holder waived the Company’s obligation to make any monthly payments for the months of January, February and March 2019. Pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, each Holder was permitted to convert its pro-rata share of the Convertible Notes, at a conversion price of $4.00 per share of Common Stock, such that the maximum number of shares to be issued pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement shall not exceed 250,000 shares of Common Stock. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, one of the Investors converted a portion of their allotted shares, in settlement of $23, into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 5,627 shares of Common Stock.

 

Collaboration Agreement and Series E Preferred Stock Financing

 

In connection with the entry into the Collaboration Agreement, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Calm, pursuant to which the Company issued to Calm an aggregate of 32,258 shares of the Company’s newly designated Series E Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”), which are initially convertible into 161,290 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The purchase price per share of the Series E Preferred Stock was $62.00 per share for gross proceeds to the Company of $2,000. In addition, on December 28, 2018, in satisfaction of the conditions under the Purchase Agreement, the Company sold, and Calm purchased, 16,129 additional shares of Series E Preferred Stock (the “Additional Series E Shares”), which are initially convertible into 80,645 shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, subject to certain adjustments, for gross proceeds to the Company of $1,000. The sale of Additional Series E Shares were on the same terms and conditions as those contained in the Purchase Agreement.

 

Note 2. Accounting and Reporting Policies

 

(a) Basis of presentation and principles of consolidation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, all entities that are wholly-owned by the Company, and all entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

(b) Use of estimates

 

The preparation of the accompanying consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods presented. Actual results may differ from such estimates. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the Company’s intangibles assets, the useful lives of the Company’s intangible assets, the valuation of the Company’s derivative warrant liabilities, the valuation of stock-based compensation, deferred tax assets and liabilities, income tax uncertainties, and other contingencies.

 

 F-11 

 

 

(c) Translation into United States dollars

 

The Company conducts certain transactions in foreign currencies, which are recorded at the exchange rate as of the transaction date. All exchange gains and losses occurring from the remeasurement of monetary balance sheet items denominated in non-dollar currencies are included in non-operating income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

Accounts of the foreign subsidiaries of XpresSpa are translated into United States dollars. Assets and liabilities have been translated at year end exchange rates and revenues and expenses have been translated at average monthly rates for the year. The translation adjustments arising from the use of different exchange rates are included as foreign currency translation within the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ equity.

 

(d) Cash and cash equivalents

 

The Company maintains cash in checking accounts with financial institutions. The Company has established guidelines relating to diversification and maturities of its investments in order to minimize credit risk and maintain high liquidity of funds. Cash equivalents include amounts due from third-party financial institutions for credit and debit card transactions which typically settle in less than five days. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, cash and cash equivalents included $260 and $336 of credit card receivables, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, the Company held significant portions of its cash balance in overseas accounts, totaling $1,143, which is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). If the Company were to distribute the amounts held overseas, the Company would need to follow an approval and distribution process as defined in its operating and partnership agreements, which may delay and/or reduce the availability of cash to the Company. In addition, as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, there was an additional $487 of restricted cash held by a third party recorded as restricted cash on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

  

(e) Derivative instruments

 

The Company recognizes all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at their respective fair values. The Company's derivative instruments have been recorded as liabilities at fair value, and are revalued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value of the instruments included in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as non-operating income (expense). The Company reviews the terms of features embedded in non-derivative instruments to determine if such features require bifurcation and separate accounting as derivative financial instruments. Equity-linked derivative instruments are evaluated in accordance with FASB Accounting Standard Codification 815-40, “Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity” to determine if such instruments are indexed to the Company’s own stock and qualify for classification in equity.

 

(f) Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded net of an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of customers to make required payments. In developing the allowance, the Company considers historical loss experience, the overall quality of the receivable portfolio and specifically identified customer risks. The Company periodically reviews the adequacy of the allowance and the factors used in the estimation making adjustments to the estimate as necessary. Accounts receivable pertaining to continuing operations are included in other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, there was no allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

(g) Inventory

 

All inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using a weighted-average cost method. Inventory is included in current assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

 

(h) Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets include trade names, customer relationships, and technology, which were acquired as part of the acquisition of XpresSpa in December 2016 and are recorded based on the estimated fair value in purchase price allocation. Intangible assets also include purchased patents. The intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives, which are periodically evaluated for reasonableness. Gain or loss on dispositions of intangible assets is reflected in general and administrative expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

 F-12 

 

 

The Company’s intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In assessing the recoverability of the Company’s intangible assets, the Company must make estimates and assumptions regarding future cash flows and other factors to determine the fair value of the respective assets. These estimates and assumptions could have a significant impact on whether an impairment charge is recognized and also the magnitude of any such charge. Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant information. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgments and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates. If these estimates or material related assumptions change in the future, the Company may be required to record impairment charges related to its intangible assets.

 

(i) Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment is recorded at historical cost and primarily consists of leasehold improvements, furniture and fixtures, and other operating equipment. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the lesser of the lease term or economic useful life. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense, and renovations or improvements that extend the service lives of the Company’s assets are capitalized over the lesser of the extension period or life of the improvement. Gain or loss on dispositions of property and equipment is reflected in the consolidated net loss from discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Property and equipment is tested for impairment on at least an annual basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable.

   

(j) Goodwill

 

Goodwill is an asset representing the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized.

 

Goodwill is reviewed for impairment at least annually, and when triggering events occur, in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other. The Company evaluates goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level and performs its annual goodwill impairment test on December 31. The Company has adopted ASU No. 2017-14, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment effective January 1, 2018. The Company has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine if an impairment is more likely than not to have occurred. If the Company can support the conclusion that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then they would not need to perform the quantitative impairment test for the reporting unit. If the Company cannot support such a conclusion or does not elect to perform the qualitative assessment, then the qualitative goodwill impairment test is used to identify potential impairment by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill.

 

If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, then the goodwill is not impaired. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an impairment charge will be recorded based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value. A significant amount of judgment is required in performing goodwill impairment tests including estimating the fair value of a reporting unit and the implied fair value of goodwill.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s goodwill was fully impaired. See “Note 6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill” for further details on the assessment and conclusion on the goodwill impairment recorded during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

(k) Restricted cash and other assets

 

Restricted cash, which is listed as its own line item in the consolidated balance sheets, represents balances at financial institutions to secure bonds and letters of credit as required by the Company’s various lease agreements. Other assets include cost basis investments.

 

 F-13 

 

 

Prior to December 31, 2013, the Company operated a global platform for the distribution of mobile social applications and services. On February 18, 2014, the Company sold its mobile social application business to InfoMedia Services Limited (“InfoMedia”), receiving an 8.25% ownership interest in InfoMedia as consideration and a seat on the board of directors of InfoMedia. The Company’s equity interest increased from 8.25% to 11% in the first quarter of 2017 due to a realignment of ownership interests. The Company’s investment in InfoMedia is included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

(l) Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of XpresSpa products and services at the point of sale, net of discounts and applicable sales taxes. Revenues from the XpresSpa wholesale and e-commerce businesses are recorded at the time goods are shipped. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue for its single performance obligation related to both in-store and online sales at the point at which the service has been performed or the control of the merchandise has passed to the customer. The Company excludes all sales taxes assessed to its customers. Sales taxes assessed on revenues are included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets until remitted to the state agencies.

 

The Company also has a franchise agreement with an unaffiliated franchisee to operate an XpresSpa location. The Company has identified the franchise right as a distinct performance obligation that transfers over time, and therefore any portion of the non-recurring initial franchise fee that is allocated to the franchise right should be recognized over the course of the contract rather than all upfront as would be the case with distinct performance obligations. Under the Company’s franchising model, all initial franchising fees relate to the franchise right and therefore are recognized over the course of the contract which commences upon signing of the agreement. Upon receipt of the non-recurring, non-refundable initial franchise fee, management records a deferred revenue asset and recognizes revenue on a straight-line basis over the contract term. As of December 31, 2018, there were no franchise royalty revenues as operations have not yet commenced. Once operations commence, franchise royalty revenue will be recorded in the period earned.

 

Other revenue relates to one-time intellectual property licenses as well as the sale of certain of the Company’s intellectual property. Revenue from patent licensing is recognized when the Company transfers promised intellectual property rights to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those intellectual property rights. Currently, revenue arrangements related to intellectual property provide for the payment of contractually determined fees and other consideration for the grant of certain intellectual property rights related to the Company’s patents. These rights typically include some combination of the following: (i) the grant of a non-exclusive, retroactive and future license to manufacture and/or sell products covered by patents, (ii) the release of the licensee from certain claims, and (iii) the dismissal of any pending litigation. The intellectual property rights granted typically extend until the expiration of the related patents. Pursuant to the terms of these agreements, the Company has no further obligation with respect to the grant of the non-exclusive retroactive and future licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other deliverables, including no express or implied obligation on the Company’s part to maintain or upgrade the related technology, or provide future support or services. Generally, the agreements provide for the grant of the licenses, covenants-not-to-sue, releases, and other significant deliverables upon execution of the agreement, or upon receipt of the upfront payment. As such, the earnings process is complete and revenue is recognized upon the execution of the agreement, receipt of the upfront fee, and transfer of the promised intellectual property rights.

 

(m) Gift cards and customer rewards program

 

XpresSpa offers no-fee, non-expiring gift cards to its customers. No revenue is recognized upon issuance of a gift card and a liability is established for the gift card’s cash value. The liability is relieved, and revenue is recognized upon redemption by the customer. As the gift cards have no expiration date, there is no provision for reduction in the value of unused card balances.

 

In addition, XpresSpa maintains a rewards program in which customers earn loyalty points, which can be redeemed for future services. Loyalty points are rewarded upon joining the loyalty program, for customer birthdays, and based upon customer spending. When a customer redeems loyalty points, the Company recognizes revenue for the redeemed cash value and reduces the related loyalty program liability. On June 1, 2018, the Company adopted a formal expiration policy whereby any loyalty members with inactivity for an 18-month period will forfeit any unused loyalty rewards.

 

The costs associated with gift cards and reward points are accrued as the rewards are earned by the cardholder and are included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets until remitted to the state agencies.

 

(n) Segment reporting

 

The Company’s continuing operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is regularly evaluated by the enterprise’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. As a result of the Company’s transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, it currently has one operating segment that is also its sole reporting unit, XpresSpa.

 

The Company owns certain patent portfolios, which it looks to monetize through sales and licensing agreements. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company determined that its former intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and, as such, will no longer operate as a separate operating segment, as it is not expected to generate any material revenues or operating costs.

 

 F-14 

 

 

(o) Rent expense

 

Minimum rent expense is recognized over the term of the lease, starting when possession of the property is taken from the landlord, which normally includes a construction period prior to the store opening. When a lease contains a predetermined fixed escalation of the minimum rent, the Company recognizes the related rent expense on a straight-line basis and records the difference between the recognized rent expense and the amounts payable under the lease as a short-term or long-term deferred rent liability. Costs related to common area maintenance, insurance, real estate taxes, and other occupancy costs the Company is obligated to pay are excluded from minimum rent expense.

 

Certain leases provide for contingent rents that are not measurable at inception. These contingent rents are primarily based on a percentage of sales that are in excess of a predetermined level and/or rent increase based on a change in the consumer price index or fair market value. These amounts are excluded from minimum rent and are included in the determination of rent expense when it is probable that the expense has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

 

(p) Pre-opening costs

 

Pre-opening and start-up activity costs, which include rent and occupancy, supplies, advertising, and other direct expenses incurred prior to the opening of a new store, are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

 

(q) Cost of sales

 

Cost of sales for the Company’s wellness operating segment consists of store-level costs. Store-level costs include all costs that are directly attributable to the store operations and include:

 

  · payroll and related benefits for store operations and store-level management;

 

  · rent, percentage rent and occupancy costs;

 

  · the cost of merchandise;

 

  · freight, shipping and handling costs;

 

  · production costs;

 

  · inventory shortage and valuation adjustments, including purchase price allocation increase in fair values which was recorded as part of acquisition; and

 

  · costs associated with sourcing operations.

 

Cost of sales for the Company’s intellectual property operating segment mainly includes expenses incurred in connection with the Company’s patent licensing and enforcement activities, patent-related legal expenses paid to external patent counsel (including contingent legal fees), licensing and enforcement related research, consulting and other expenses paid to third parties, as well as related internal payroll expenses.

 

(r) Stock-based compensation

 

Stock-based compensation is recognized as an expense in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and such cost is measured at the grant-date fair value of the equity-settled award. The fair value of stock options is estimated as of the date of grant using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“Black-Scholes”) option-pricing model. The fair value of RSUs is calculated as of the date of grant using the grant date closing share price multiplied by the number of RSUs granted. The expense is recognized on a straight-line basis, over the requisite service period. The Company uses the simplified method to estimate the expected term of options due to insufficient history and high turnover in the past. Expected volatility is estimated based on a weighted average historical volatility of the Company and comparable entities with publicly traded shares. The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the United States Treasury yield curve as of the date of grant.

 

(s) Income taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided for the amount of deferred tax assets that, based on available evidence, are not more likely than not to be realized. Tax benefits related to excess deductions on stock-based compensation arrangements are recognized when they reduce taxes payable.

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States government enacted comprehensive tax reform, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”). The Tax Act makes changes to the corporate tax rate, business-related deductions and taxation of foreign earnings, among other changes, that generally became effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017.

 

 F-15 

 

 

In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, the Company looks at cumulative losses in recent years, estimates of future taxable earnings, feasibility of tax planning strategies, the ability to realize tax benefit carryforwards, and other relevant information. Valuation allowances related to deferred tax assets can be impacted by changes to tax laws, changes to statutory tax rates and future taxable earnings. Ultimately, the actual tax benefits to be realized will be based upon future taxable earnings levels, which are very difficult to predict. In the event that actual results differ from these estimates in future periods, the Company will be required to adjust the valuation allowance.

 

Significant judgment is required in evaluating the Company's federal, state, local, and foreign tax positions and in the determination of its tax provision. Despite management's belief that the Company's liability for unrecognized tax benefits is adequate, it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of the resolution of any particular tax matters. The Company may adjust these accruals as relevant circumstances evolve, such as guidance from the relevant tax authority, its tax advisors, or resolution of issues in the courts. The Company's tax expense includes the impact of accrual provisions and changes to accruals that it considers appropriate. These adjustments are recognized as a component of income tax expense entirely in the period in which new information is available. The Company records interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as general and administrative expenses.

 

The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.

 

(t) Noncontrolling interests

 

Noncontrolling interests represent the noncontrolling holders’ percentage share of earnings or losses from the subsidiaries, in which the Company holds a majority, but less than 100%, ownership interest and the results of which are included in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests represents the proportionate share of the noncontrolling holders' ownership in certain subsidiaries of XpresSpa.

 

(u) Net loss per common share

 

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to the Company for the period by the weighted-average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to the Company for the period by the weighted-average number of shares of Common Stock plus dilutive potential Common Stock considered outstanding during the period. However, as the Company generated net losses in all periods presented, some potentially dilutive securities that relate to the continuing operations, including certain warrants and stock options, were not reflected in diluted net loss per share because the impact of such instruments was anti-dilutive.

 

(v) Commitments and contingencies

 

Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from assessments, estimates or other sources are to be recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Legal costs expected to be incurred in connection with a loss contingency are expensed as incurred.

 

(w) Reclassification

 

Certain balances have been reclassified to conform to presentation requirements, including presentation of discontinued operations and assets and liabilities held for disposal with respect to the Company’s FLI Charge and Group Mobile businesses, as well as consistent presentation of cost of sales and general and administrative expenses to align the presentation for operating segments.

 

(x) Fair value measurements

 

The Company measures fair value in accordance with FASB ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. FASB ASC 820-10 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received by selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, FASB ASC 820-10 establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value:

 

 F-16 

 

 

Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities accessible to the reporting entity at the measurement date.

 

Level 2: Other than quoted prices included in Level 1 inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability used to measure fair value to the extent that observable inputs are not available, thereby allowing for situations in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at measurement date.

 

The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

(y) Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)

The core principle of this new standard is that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance was amended in July 2015 and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern, Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

This standard requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. Substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern exists when it is probable that the entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. Management’s evaluation should be based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the financial statements are issued. The amendments in this Update are effective for the annual period beginning after December 15, 2016.

  

ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Topic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities

This standard amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure for financial instruments. With respect to the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the most significant impact relates to the accounting for equity investments. It will impact the disclosure and presentation of financial assets and liabilities. The amendments in this update are effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-17 

 

 

ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)

This standard provides new guidance related to accounting for leases and supersedes GAAP on lease accounting with the intent to increase transparency. This standard requires operating leases to be recorded on the balance sheet as assets and liabilities and requires disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

In 2016, FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, and several amendments (collectively, “ASU 2016-02”), which requires the Company to recognize assets and liabilities arising from most operating leases on the consolidated statements of financial condition. In 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”), which provides a transition option to not apply the new lease standard to the comparative periods presented in the consolidated statements of financial condition. Under this transition option, the Company shall apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes any cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018 on a modified retrospective basis. The Company applied the transition option permitted by ASU 2018-11 and elected the package of practical expedients to alleviate certain operational and reporting complexities related to the adoption. The Company expects to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the range of $10 million to $12 million for its current operating leases upon adoption of ASU 2016-02 and does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on its results of operations or cash flows.

 

ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

This standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets that are measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade receivables, from an incurred loss model to an expected loss model and adds certain new required disclosures. Under the expected loss model, entities will recognize estimated credit losses to be incurred over the entire contractual term of the instrument rather than delaying recognition of credit losses until it is probable the loss has been incurred. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts, Cash Payments, and Restricted Stock

This standard provides new guidance to help clarify whether certain items should be categorized as operating, investing, or financing in the statement of cash flows. This ASU No. 2016-15 provides guidance on eight specific cash flow issues. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash

This amendment clarifies the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the consolidated statement of cash flows under Topic 230. In addition to providing explanation on the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2016-18 effective January 1, 2018. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-18, in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018, we reclassified $487 of restricted cash.

 

 F-18 

 

 

ASU No. 2017-09, Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting

This standard provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a stock-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The current disclosure requirements in Topic 718 apply regardless of whether an entity is required to apply modification accounting under the amendments in this update. ASU 2017-09 is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017; early adoption is permitted. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815)

This standard provides new guidance to address the complexity of accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. The amendments of this ASU change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. A down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. A freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion feature) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value as a result of the existence of a down round feature. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities

This standard was created to provide more specific guidance and to simplify the application of hedge accounting in current U.S. GAAP to facilitate financial reporting that more closely reflects an entity’s risk management activities. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

This standard provides guidance on the reclassification of certain tax effects from AOCI to retained earnings in the period in which the effects of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recorded. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the potential impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement

This amendment provides updates to the disclosure requirements on fair value measures in Topic 820 which includes the changes in unrealized gains and losses in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements, the option of additional quantitative information surrounding unobservable inputs and the elimination of disclosures around the valuation processes for Level 3 measurements. The new standard is effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-19 

 

 

Note 3. Net Loss per Share of Common Stock*

 

The table below presents the computation of basic and diluted net losses per share of Common Stock:

 

    For the years ended December 31,  
    2018     2017  
Basic numerator:                
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to shares of Common Stock   $ (36,090 )   $ (16,563 )
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to shares of Common Stock     (1,115 )     (12,277 )
Net loss attributable to the Company   $ (37,205 )   $ (28,840 )
Basic denominator:                
Basic shares of Common Stock outstanding*     1,453,635       1,114,349  
Basic loss per share of Common Stock from continuing operations   $ (24.83 )   $ (14.86 )
Basic loss per share of Common Stock from discontinued operations     (0.77 )     (11.02 )
Basic net loss per share of Common Stock   $ (25.60 )   $ (25.88 )
                 
Diluted numerator:                
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to shares of Common Stock   $ (36,090 )   $ (16,563 )
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to shares of Common Stock     (1,115 )     (12,277 )
Net loss attributable to the Company   $ (37,205 )   $ (28,840 )
                 
Diluted denominator:                
Diluted shares of Common Stock outstanding*     1,453,635       1,114,349  
Diluted loss per share of Common Stock from continuing operations   $ (24.83 )   $ (14.86 )
Diluted loss per share of Common Stock from discontinued operations     (0.77 )     (11.02 )
Diluted net loss per share of Common Stock   $ (25.60 )   $ (25.88 )
                 
Net loss per share data presented excludes from the calculation of diluted net loss the following potentially dilutive securities, as they had an anti-dilutive impact*:                
Both vested and unvested options outstanding to purchase an equal number of shares of Common Stock of the Company     101,979       215,897  
Unvested RSUs to issue an equal number of shares of Common Stock of the Company     17,750       18,278  
Warrants to purchase an equal number of shares of Common Stock of the Company     703,670       154,375  
Preferred stock on an as converted basis     6,364,328       168,216  
Conversion feature of senior secured notes     217,500        
Total number of potentially dilutive instruments, excluded from the calculation of net loss per share*     7,405,227       556,767  

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

 F-20 

 

 

Note 4. Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash

 

   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Cash denominated in United States dollars  $2,000   $3,924 
Cash denominated in currency other than United States dollars   1,143    2,108 
Credit and debit card receivables   260    336 
   $3,403   $6,368 

 

In addition, as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, there was an additional $487 of restricted cash held by a third party recorded as restricted cash on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

Note 5. Other Assets

 

Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets are comprised of the following as of December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

   December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Cost method investments  $2,482   $834 
Lease deposits   894    852 
Other assets  $3,376   $1,686 

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s other assets included:

 

  · $1,625 cost method investment in Route1 Inc. (“Route1”), which the Company received from the disposition of Group Mobile in March 2018;

  

  · $787 cost method investment in InfoMedia Services Limited (“InfoMedia”), which the Company acquired in 2014;

 

  · $23 cost method investment in Marathon Patent Group, Inc. (“Marathon”), which the Company acquired in January 2018 with an acquisition date fair value of $450. Based on the Company’s evaluation of the investment, it was determined that certain unrealized losses represented an other-than-temporary impairment as of December 31, 2018 and the Company recognized an impairment charge of $148 for the year ended December 31, 2018, equal to the excess of carrying value over fair value. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company sold 205,646 shares of Marathon Common Stock, with a carrying value of $279, for net proceeds of $200;

    

  · $47 cost method investment in FLI Charge, which the Company received from the disposition of FLI Charge in October 2017; and
     
  · $894 deposits made pursuant to various lease agreements, which will be returned to the Company at the end of the leases.

 

 F-21 

 

 

Note 6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill

 

Intangible assets

 

The following table provides information regarding the Company’s intangible assets, which consist of the following:

 

   December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017     
   Gross 
Carrying
Amount
   Accumulated
Amortization
and
Impairment
   Net 
Carrying 
Amount
   Gross 
Carrying 
Amount
   Accumulated 
Amortization 
and Impairment
   Net 
Carrying 
Amount
  

Weighted

average

amortization

period

(years)

 
Trade name  $13,309   $(4,485)  $8,824   $13,309   $(2,269)  $11,040    6.00 
Customer relationships   312    (312)       312    (156)   156    2.00 
Software   312    (69)   243    233    (4)   229    3.00 
Patents   26,897    (26,797)   100    26,897    (26,775)   122    13.69 
Total intangible assets  $40,830   $(31,663)  $9,167   $40,751   $(29,204)  $11,547      

 

 F-22 

 

 

The Company’s trade name relates to the value of the XpresSpa trade name, customer relationships represent the value of the loyalty customers, software relates to certain capitalized third-party costs related to a new point-of-sale system, and patents consist of intellectual property portfolios acquired from third parties.

 

The Company’s intangible assets are amortized over their expected useful lives. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded amortization expense of $2,465. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded amortization and impairment expense of $2,403 related to its intangible assets.

 

There were no impairment indicators related to any of the Company’s amortizable intangible assets during the year ended December 31, 2018 for the Company’s continuing operations.

 

Estimated amortization expense for the Company’s intangible assets for each of the five succeeding years and thereafter at December 31, 2018 is as follows:

 

Years ending December 31,   Amount  
2019   $ 2,305  
2020     2,293  
2021     2,284  
2022     2,232  
2023     15  
Thereafter     38  
Total   $ 9,167  

 

Goodwill

 

On January 5, 2018, the Company changed its name to XpresSpa Group as part of a rebranding effort to carry out its corporate strategy to build a pure-play health and wellness services company, which the Company commenced following its acquisition of XpresSpa on December 23, 2016. The Company completed the sale of Group Mobile on March 22, 2018, which was the only remaining component of the Company’s technology operating segment. Following the sale of Group Mobile, the Company’s management made the decision that its intellectual property operating segment would no longer be an area of focus and would no longer be a separate operating segment as it is not expected to generate any material revenues. This completed the transition of the Company into a pure-play health and wellness company with only one operating segment, consisting of its XpresSpa business.

 

The Company’s market capitalization is sensitive to the volatility of its stock price. On January 2, 2018, the first trading day of fiscal year 2018, the Company’s stock price opened at $544.00 and closed at $29.00. The closing price of the Company’s stock on March 29, 2018, the last trading day of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, was $14.40. The average closing stock price of the Company from January 2, 2018 through March 29, 2018 was approximately $20.40, ranging from $14.20 to $36.00 during that period.

 

On April 19, 2018, the Company entered into a separation agreement with its Chief Executive Officer regarding his resignation as Chief Executive Officer and as a Director the Company. On that same date, the Company’s Senior Vice President and Chief Executive Officer of XpresSpa was appointed by the Board of Directors as the Chief Executive Officer and as a Director of the Company.

 

These events were identified by the Company’s management as triggering events requiring that goodwill be tested for impairment as of March 31, 2018. In addition to the Company’s rebranding efforts to a pure-play health and wellness services company, its stock price continued to decline even after the announcement of the new Chief Executive Officer. As the stock price had not rebounded, the Company determined that the impairment was incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2018.

 

 F-23 

 

 

The Company performed a quantitative goodwill impairment test, in which the Company compared the carrying value of the reporting unit to its estimated fair value, which was calculated using an income approach. The key assumptions for this approach were projected future cash flows and a discount rate, which was based on a weighted average cost of capital adjusted for the relevant risk associated with the characteristics of the business and the projected future cash flows. As a result of the quantitative goodwill impairment test performed as of March 31, 2018, the Company determined that the fair value of the reporting unit did not exceed its carrying amount and, therefore, goodwill of the reporting unit was considered impaired.

 

Based on the estimated fair value of goodwill, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $19,630, to reduce the carrying value of goodwill to its fair value, which was determined to be zero. This impairment charge is included in goodwill impairment in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The fair value measurement of goodwill was classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy because the income approach was used, which utilizes significant inputs that are unobservable in the market. The Company believes it made reasonable estimates and assumptions to calculate the fair value of the reporting unit as of the impairment test measurement date.

 

The following table provides information regarding the Company’s goodwill, which relates to the acquisition of XpresSpa completed in December 2016, and related impairment charge recorded during the year ended December 31, 2018. See “Note 16 – Discontinued Operations and Assets and Liabilities Held for Disposal” for impairment charges pertaining to discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Goodwill as of December 31, 2016  $20,303 
Adjustments to XpresSpa goodwill   (673)
Goodwill as of December 31, 2017   19,630 
Impairment of goodwill   (19,630)
Goodwill as of December 31, 2018  $ 

 

Note 7. Segment Information

 

The Company’s continuing operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is regularly evaluated by the enterprise’s CODM in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. As a result of the Company’s transition to a pure-play health and wellness services company, it currently has one operating segment that is also its sole reporting unit, XpresSpa.

 

 F-24 

 

 

The Company currently operates in two geographical regions: United States and all other countries. The following table represents the geographical revenue, regional operating loss, and total asset information as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. There were no concentrations of geographical revenue, regional operating loss or total assets related to any single foreign country that were material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

    For the years ended
December 31,
 
    2018     2017  
Revenue                
United States   $ 44,738     $ 43,555  
All other countries     5,356       5,268  
Total revenue     50,094       48,823  
                 
Cost of sales                
United States     36,017       35,844  
All other countries     3,434       3,142  
Total cost of sales     39,451       38,986  
                 
Segment operating income (loss)                
United States     (36,125 )     (16,282 )
All other countries     1,400       1,566  
Operating loss from continuing operations     (34,725 )     (14,716 )
Corporate non-operating expense, net     (1,184 )     (1,285 )
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes   $ (35,909 )   $ (16,001 )
                 
Assets                
United States   $ 27,809     $ 55,152  
All other countries     2,666       3,642  
Assets held for disposal     109       6,446  
Total assets   $ 30,584     $ 65,240  

  

 F-25 

 

 

Note 8. Debt and Convertible Notes

 

Debt

 

As part of the acquisition of XpresSpa, which was completed on December 23, 2016, the Company recorded the debt described below.

 

XpresSpa entered into a credit agreement and secured promissory note (the “Debt”) with Rockmore Investment Master Fund Ltd. (“Rockmore”), a related party, on April 22, 2015 that was amended on August 8, 2016. Rockmore is an investment entity controlled by the Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors, Bruce T. Bernstein.

 

The total principal of the Debt is $6,500 payable in full upon maturity on December 31, 2019. In May 2017, per the original agreement and with Rockmore’s consent, the Company elected to extend the maturity date of the Debt from May 1, 2018 to May 1, 2019. No other material terms of the Debt were modified. The Debt bears 11.24% interest per year (based on 360 days in a year) that is payable as follows:

 

  · 9.24% annual interest, calculated on a monthly basis, which is payable in arrears on the last business day of each month plus

 

  · 2% annual interest, calculated on a monthly basis, which accrues monthly and becomes due and payable on the Debt anniversary dates.

 

On May 14, 2018, the Company and Rockmore agreed to extend the maturity date of the Debt from May 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019. No other material terms of the Debt were modified. As consideration for the agreement to extend the maturity date of the Debt and the consent to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued to Rockmore 250,000 Class A Warrants. These Class A Warrants were issued on the same terms and conditions as the Class A Warrants issued pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement. The warrants issued to Rockmore were classified as equity warrants in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018.

 

The Debt can be prepaid by XpresSpa at a 4% penalty at any point at its election. The Debt is secured by substantially all of the assets of XpresSpa. In addition, XpresSpa needs consent of Rockmore to incur any additional debt, except for:

 

  · debt to finance acquisition, construction, or improvement of fixed and capital assets;

 

  · performance bonds, bid bonds, appeal bonds, surety bonds, and similar;

 

  · pension fund and employee benefit plan obligations;

 

  · unsecured debt not exceeding $1,000;

 

  · convertible notes not exceeding $5,000; and

 

  · letters of credit, bank guarantees and others in the ordinary course of business.

 

In addition, Rockmore was entitled to certain reporting rights and annual audited financial information, which Rockmore waived in March 2017.

 

During the years-ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, XpresSpa paid and recorded $731 of interest expense in connection with the Rockmore debt.

 

 F-26 

 

 

Convertible Notes

 

On May 15, 2018, the Company entered into the Securities Purchase Agreement with the Investors, pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell up to (i) an aggregate principal amount of $4,438 in the Convertible Notes, which includes $88 of Convertible Notes issued to Palladium Capital Advisors as Placement Agent, convertible into Common Stock at a conversion price of $12.40 per share, (ii) Class A Warrants to purchase 357,862 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share and (iii) Class B Warrants to purchase up to 178,931 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $12.40 per share. The Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum. The Convertible Notes are senior secured obligations of the Company and are secured by certain of its personal property. Unless earlier converted or redeemed, the Convertible Notes will mature on November 16, 2019. The transaction closed on May 17, 2018.

 

The principal amount of the outstanding Convertible Notes was originally to be repaid monthly in the amount of $296, beginning on September 17, 2018, and the Company may make such payments and related interest payments in cash or, subject to certain conditions, in registered shares of Common Stock (or a combination thereof), at its election. If the Company chooses to repay the Convertible Notes in shares of Common Stock, the shares will be issued at a 10% discount to the volume weighted average price of Common Stock for the five (5) trading days commencing eight (8) days prior to the relevant repayment date and ending on the fourth (4th) trading day prior to such repayment date, subject to a minimum floor price of not less than 20% of the conversion price of the Convertible Notes on the issue date. The Company may also repay the Convertible Notes in advance of the maturity schedule subject to an early repayment penalty of 15%.

 

On August 14, 2018, the Company and each of the Investors entered into an Amendment Agreement (“First Amendment Agreement”) whereby the initial monthly principal repayment and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes of $351 was settled in 2,067 shares of Common Stock on August 15, 2018. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the three-month period ended September 30, 2018, several of the Investors converted their monthly principal payments and accrued interest due on the Convertible Notes into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the First Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 2,737 shares of Common Stock.

 

On December 11, 2018, the Company entered into a Second Amendment Agreement (“Second Amendment Agreement”) whereby certain investors waived the Company’s obligation to make any monthly payments for the months of January, February and March 2019. Pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, each of such investors was permitted to convert its pro-rata share of the Convertible Notes, at a conversion price of $4.00 per share of Common Stock, such that the maximum number of shares to be issued pursuant to this amendment shall not exceed 250,000 shares of Common Stock. All other material terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement remained unchanged. During the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, one of the investors converted a portion of their allotted shares, in settlement of $23,000, into shares of Common Stock pursuant to the Second Amendment Agreement, resulting in the issuance of an additional 5,627 shares of Common Stock.

 

The table below summarizes the initial fair value of the Convertible Notes and Warrants as of May 17, 2018:

 

Class A Warrants  $1,827 
Class B Warrants   135 
Convertible Notes   2,388 
Total Fair Value  $4,350 

 

The table below summarizes changes in the book value of the Convertible Notes from May 17, 2018 to December 31, 2018:

 

Book value as of May 17, 2018  $2,388 
Debt issuance costs   (320)
Book value as of May 17, 2018   2,068 
Debt repayments in the period   (1,068)
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs, included in interest expense   986 
Book value as of December 31, 2018  $1,986 

 

The debt discount and debt issuance costs will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining term of the Convertible Notes. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded $986 of amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs, which was included in interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2018. Additionally, for the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded $110 of interest expense related to the Convertible Notes, which was included in interest expense.

 

 F-27 

 

 

Note 9. Fair Value Measurements

 

The following table presents the placement in the fair value hierarchy of liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

May 2015 Warrants

 

          Fair value measurement at reporting date using  
          Quoted prices in              
          active markets     Significant other     Significant  
          for identical     observable     unobservable  
    Balance     assets (Level 1)     inputs (Level 2)     inputs (Level 3)  
December 31, 2018:                                
May 2015 Warrants   $     $     $     $  
                                 
December 31, 2017:                                
May 2015 Warrants   $ 34     $     $     $ 34  

 

May 2018 Warrants

 

          Fair value measurement at reporting date using  
          Quoted prices in              
          active markets     Significant other     Significant  
          for identical     observable     unobservable  
    Balance     assets (Level 1)     inputs (Level 2)     inputs (Level 3)  
December 31, 2018:                                
A Warrants   $ 476     $     $     $ 476  
B Warrants                        
Total   $ 476     $     $     $ 476  
                                 
May 17, 2018:                                
A Warrants   $ 1,827     $     $     $ 1,827  
B Warrants     135                   135  
Total   $ 1,962     $     $     $ 1,962  

 

The Company measures its derivative warrant liabilities at fair value. The derivative warrant liabilities were classified within Level 3 because they were valued using the Black-Scholes-Merton model, which utilizes significant inputs that are unobservable in the market. These derivative warrant liabilities were initially measured at fair value and are marked to market at each balance sheet date. The derivative warrant liabilities are recorded as derivative warrant liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets and the revaluation of the derivative warrants liabilities is included in other non-operating income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

  

 F-28 

 

 

In addition to the above, the Company’s financial instruments as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 consisted of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and Debt. The carrying amounts of all the aforementioned financial instruments approximate fair value because of the short-term maturities of these instruments.

 

The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s derivative warrant liabilities measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

December 31, 2017  $34 
Issuance of warrants May 17, 2018   1,962 
Decrease in fair value of the derivative warrant liabilities   (1,520)
December 31, 2018  $476 

 

Valuation processes for Level 3 Fair Value Measurements

 

Fair value measurement of the derivative warrant liabilities falls within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The fair value measurements are evaluated by management to ensure that changes are consistent with expectations of management based upon the sensitivity and nature of the inputs.

 

May 2015 Warrants

 

December 31, 2018:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
May 2015 Warrants  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   71.16%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.49%
      Expected term, in years   1.34 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

December 31, 2017:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
May 2015 Warrants  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   39.64%
      Risk-free interest rate   1.88%
      Expected term, in years   2.34 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

May 2018 Warrants

 

December 31, 2018:       Dividend yield     0.00 %

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
A Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   70.61%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.53%
      Expected term, in years   4.38 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

 F-29 

 

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
B Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   84.02%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.25%
      Expected term, in years   0.12 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

May 17, 2018:

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
A Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   71.13%
      Risk-free interest rate   2.98%
      Expected term, in years   5.00 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

Description  Valuation technique  Unobservable inputs  Range 
Derivative warrant liabilities –
B Warrants
  Black-Scholes-Merton  Volatility   72.88%
      Risk-free interest rate   1.99%
      Expected term, in years   0.50 
      Dividend yield   0.00%

 

Sensitivity of Level 3 measurements to changes in significant unobservable inputs

 

The inputs to estimate the fair value of the Company’s derivative warrant liabilities were the current market price of the Company’s Common Stock, the exercise price of the derivative warrant liabilities, their remaining expected term, the volatility of the Company’s Common Stock price and the risk-free interest rate over the expected term. Significant changes in any of those inputs in isolation can result in a significant change in the fair value measurement.

 

Generally, an increase in the market price of the Company’s shares of Common Stock, an increase in the volatility of the Company’s shares of Common Stock, and an increase in the remaining term of the derivative warrant liabilities would each result in a directionally similar change in the estimated fair value of the Company’s derivative warrant liabilities. Such changes would increase the associated liability while decreases in these assumptions would decrease the associated liability. An increase in the risk-free interest rate or a decrease in the differential between the derivative warrant liabilities’ exercise price and the market price of the Company’s shares of Common Stock would result in a decrease in the estimated fair value measurement and thus a decrease in the associated liability. The Company has not, and does not plan to, declare dividends on its Common Stock and, as such, there is no change in the estimated fair value of the derivative warrant liabilities due to the dividend assumption.

 

Marathon Common Stock

 

On January 11, 2018 (the “Transaction Date”), the Company entered into a Patent Rights Purchase and Assignment Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Crypto Currency Patent Holding Company LLC (the “Buyer”) and its parent company, Marathon, pursuant to which the Buyer agreed to purchase certain of the Company’s patents. As consideration for the patents, the Buyer paid $250 and Marathon issued 250,000 shares of Marathon Common Stock (the “Marathon Common Stock”) to the Company. The Marathon Common Stock was subject to a lockup period (the “Lockup Period”) which commenced on the Transaction Date and ended on July 11, 2018, subject to a leak-out provision.

 

 F-30 

 

 

The Marathon Common Stock is recognized as a cost method investment and, as such, was required to be measured at cost on the date of acquisition, which, as of the Transaction Date, approximated fair value. The following table presents the placement in the fair value hierarchy of the Marathon Common Stock measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of the Transaction Date:

 

       Fair value measurement at reporting date using 
       Quoted prices in        
       active markets   Significant  other   Significant 
       for identical   observable   unobservable 
   Balance   assets (Level 1)   inputs (Level 2)   inputs (Level 3) 
January 11, 2018  $450   $   $450   $ 
                     
December 31, 2018  $23   $23   $   $ 

 

The fair value of the Marathon Common Stock was estimated by multiplying the number of shares as they become tradeable by the price per share as of the Transaction Date, information that falls within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets; however, due to the fact that the Marathon Common Stock was restricted during the Lockup Period, the Company applied a discount on the lack of marketability to estimate the fair value at the measurement date, which is a significant other observable input resulting in placement in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the consideration as of the Transaction Date was determined to be $450. Based on the Company’s evaluation of the investment, it was determined that certain unrealized losses represented an other-than-temporary impairment as of December 31, 2018 and the Company recognized an impairment charge of $148 for the year ended December 31, 2018, equal to the excess of carrying value over fair value. The fair value of the remaining Marathon Common Stock held as of December 31, 2018 was determined to be $23, which is included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018.

 

On July 11, 2018, the Lockup Period concluded and the Company was permitted to begin trading the Marathon Common Stock, subject to a leak-out provision whereby the shares were released from lockup in equal increments over a twenty-day period. As of December 31, 2018, the remaining 44,354 shares of Marathon Common Stock were no longer restricted pursuant to the Lockup Period and leak-out provision, and the Company determined that the investments are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company sold 205,646 shares of Marathon Common Stock, with a carrying value of $279, for net proceeds of $200.

  

The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s investment in Marathon Common Stock, measured at fair value using significant other observable inputs (Level 2) as of Transaction Date and measured at fair value using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1) during the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

January 11, 2018  $450 
Carrying value of Marathon Common Stock sold   (279)
Decrease in fair value of the Marathon Common Stock   (148)
December 31, 2018  $23 

 

 F-31 

 

 

Other Fair Value Measurements

  

The following table presents the placement in the fair value hierarchy of the contingent consideration assumed by the Company following the acquisition of Excalibur Integrated Systems, Inc. (“Excalibur”), which is measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

          Fair value measurement at reporting date using  
          Quoted prices in              
          active markets     Significant other     Significant  
          for identical     observable     unobservable  
    Balance     assets (Level 1)     inputs (Level 2)     inputs (Level 3)  
December 31, 2018:                                
Contingent consideration   $ 316     $     $     $ 316  
December 31, 2017:                        
Contingent consideration   $ 316     $     $     $ 316  

 

The purchase value of the contingent consideration assumed by the Company following the acquisition of Excalibur was determined using the Monte-Carlo simulation and, as such, was classified as Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The fair value measurements are evaluated by management to ensure that changes are consistent with expectations of management based upon the sensitivity and nature of the inputs.

 

Note 10. Warrants*

 

The following table summarizes information about warrant activity during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

    No. of warrants*     Weighted average
exercise price*
    Exercise
price range*
 
December 31, 2017     154,375     $ 60.60       $ 60.00 – 100.00  
Granted     549,294     $ 12.40     $ 12.40  
Exercised                  
Expired                  
December 31, 2018     703,669     $ 23.00       $ 12.40 – 100.00  

 

The Company’s outstanding equity warrants as of December 31, 2018 consist of the following:

 

    No. outstanding*     Exercise price*     Remaining
contractual life
  Expiration Date
October 2015 Warrants     2,500     $ 100.00     2.29 years   April 15, 2021
December 2016 Warrants     125,000     $ 60.00     2.98 years   December 23, 2021
May 2018 Warrants     12,500     $ 12.40     4.88 years   November 17, 2023
Outstanding as of December 31, 2018     140,000                  

 

The Company’s outstanding derivative warrants as of December 31, 2018 consist of the following:

 

    No. outstanding*     Exercise price*    

Remaining

contractual life

  Expiration Date
May 2015 Warrants     26,875     $ 60.00     1.34 years   May 4, 2020

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

Note 11. Stock-based Compensation*

 

The Company has a stock-based compensation plan available to grant stock options and RSUs to the Company’s directors, employees and consultants. Under the 2012 Employee, Director and Consultant Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”), a maximum of 78,000 shares of Common Stock may be awarded. In 2015 and 2016, the Company amended the Plan so that a maximum number of shares of Common Stock that may be awarded was increased to 355,000. As of December 31, 2018, 191,569 shares were available for future grants under the Plan.

 

Total stock-based compensation expense for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $916 and $2,745, respectively, of which stock-based compensation expense included in the discontinued operations was $0 and $586, respectively.

 

 F-32 

 

 

There were no stock options granted during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The following table illustrates the RSUs granted during the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

Grant date   No. of RSUs*    

Fair market

value at grant date*

    Vesting term
February 28, 2018     2,670     $ 18.80     Vesting immediately upon grant
April 19, 2018     7,500     $ 12.00     Vesting immediately upon grant
May 15, 2018     23,250     $ 12.00     Over one year, vesting on one-year anniversary of grant date

 

The following tables summarize information about stock options and RSU activity during the year ended December 31, 2018:

 

    RSUs     Options  
    No. of
RSUs*
    Weighted
 average
grant date
fair value*
    No. of
options*
    Weighted
average
exercise
price*
    Exercise
price
range*
    Weighted 
average
grant date
fair value*
 
Outstanding as of January 1, 2018     18,278     $ 42.40       215,897     $ 113.40     $ 22.00 – 820.00     $ 77.20  
Granted     33,420     $ 12.60                          
Vested/Exercised     (28,448 )   $ 32.20                          
Forfeited     (5,500 )   $ 12.00       (111,302 )   $ 119.00     $ 31.00 – 820.00     $ 78.60  
Expired                 (2,616 )   $ 324.80     $ 192.00 – 330.00     $ 194.20  
Outstanding as of December 31, 2018     17,750     $ 12.00       101,979     $ 99.80     $ 22.00 – 820.00     $ 62.40  
Exercisable as of December 31, 2018                 94,688     $ 101.80     $ 22.00 – 820.00     $ 63.20  

 

    Non-vested stock options:     Non-vested RSU:  
    No. of options*     Weighted average
 grant date 
fair value*
    No. of RSUs*     Weighted average
 grant date
fair value*
 
Balance at January 1, 2018     65,313     $ 23.80       18,278     $ 42.40  
Granted         $       33,420     $ 12.60  
Vested     (24,729 )   $ 24.00       (28,448 )     32.20  
Forfeited     (33,292 )   $ 25.60       (5,500 )   $ 12.00  
Balance at December 31, 2018     7,292     $ 20.00       17,750     $ 12.00  

 

The following table summarizes information about employee and non-employee stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2018:

 

Exercise price range   No. options outstanding*     No. options exercisable*    

Weighted average remaining

contractual life (years)

 
$     0.01-200.00       91,979       84,688       8.00  
$     200.00-400.00                    
$     400.00-600.00       2,000       2,000       5.57  
$     600.00-800.00       5,300       5,300       5.35  
$     800.00-1000.00       2,700       2,700       6.14  
              101,979       94,688           

 

*Adjusted to reflect the impact of the 1:20 reverse stock split that became effective on February 22, 2019.

 

 F-33 

 

 

As of December 31, 2018, there was no aggregate intrinsic value associated with either the options outstanding or the options exercisable, as they were out-of-the-money. As of December 31, 2017, the total aggregate intrinsic values of options outstanding was $14, and there was no aggregate intrinsic value associated with the options exercisable as they were out-of-the-money. There were no options exercised during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

The total fair value of stock options that vested in the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $565 and $1,932, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, there was approximately $153 of total unrecognized stock-based payment cost related to non-vested options, shares, and RSUs granted under the incentive stock option plans. Overall, the cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average of 1.00 years.

 

The Company did not recognize tax benefits related to its stock-based compensation as there is a full valuation allowance recorded.

 

Note 12. Related Parties Transactions

 

On April 14, 2018, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with an employee of Mistral Equity Partners, which is a significant shareholder of the Company and whose Chief Executive Officer is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company, to consult on certain business-related matters. The total consideration is approximately $10 per month through December 31, 2018. The agreement may be terminated by either party at any time upon delivery of written notice. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company recorded consulting expense of $85 for the year ended December 31, 2018. The consulting agreement was extended through June 30, 2019. No other material terms of the agreement were modified.

 

In connection with the Collaboration Agreement with Calm, the Company sold Calm subscriptions and certain Calm-branded retail products in its spas, beginning in November 2018. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded revenue of $11 from the sale of Calm’s branded products in its spas which is included in products and services revenue in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Note 13. Property and Equipment

 

The following table summarizes information about property and equipment activity during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017: