10-Q 1 d362211d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to                

Commission File Number: 001-33662

 

 

FORESTAR GROUP INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   26-1336998

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

6300 Bee Cave Road, Building Two, Suite 500, Austin, Texas 78746

(Address of Principal Executive Offices, Including Zip Code)

(512) 433-5200

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

    ¨  Yes    x   No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Title of Each Class    Number of Shares Outstanding as of August 6, 2012

Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share

   34,680,795

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FORESTAR GROUP INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     3   

Item 1. Financial Statements

     3   

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     3   

Consolidated Statements of Income

     4   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     5   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item  2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     19   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     38   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     38   

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

     39   

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     39   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     39   

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     39   

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     40   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     40   

Item 5. Other Information

     40   

Item 6. Exhibits

     40   

SIGNATURES

     41   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

FORESTAR GROUP INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     (Unaudited)        
     Second        
     Quarter-End     Year-End  
     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

ASSETS

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 45,474     $ 18,283  

Real estate

     541,238       565,367  

Investment in unconsolidated ventures

     42,327       64,223  

Timber

     13,806       14,240  

Receivables, net

     23,580       23,281  

Prepaid expenses

     3,340       2,931  

Property and equipment, net

     4,906       5,178  

Oil and natural gas properties and equipment, net

     6,349       4,561  

Deferred tax asset

     75,851       72,942  

Goodwill and other intangible assets

     5,451       5,451  

Other assets

     15,658       18,400  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 777,980     $ 794,857  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Accounts payable

   $ 4,955     $ 5,044  

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

     1,295       1,421  

Accrued property taxes

     4,993       4,986  

Accrued interest

     844       1,086  

Income taxes payable

     2,422       8,501  

Other accrued expenses

     11,673       7,716  

Other liabilities

     30,260       33,304  

Debt

     201,943       221,587  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     258,385       283,645  

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

    

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Forestar Group Inc. shareholders’ equity:

    

Common stock, par value $1.00 per share, 200,000,000 authorized shares, 36,946,603 issued at second quarter-end 2012 and 36,835,732 issued at year-end 2011

     36,947       36,836  

Additional paid-in capital

     403,990       398,517  

Retained earnings

     111,768       108,155  

Treasury stock, at cost, 2,283,958 shares at second quarter-end 2012 and 2,212,876 shares at year-end 2011

     (35,133     (33,982
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Forestar Group Inc. shareholders’ equity

     517,572       509,526  

Noncontrolling interests

     2,023       1,686  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     519,595       511,212  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 777,980     $ 794,857  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Please read the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

FORESTAR GROUP INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited)

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands, except per share amounts)  

REVENUES

        

Real estate sales and other

   $ 19,349     $ 12,803     $ 29,993     $ 27,007  

Commercial and income producing properties

     7,298       6,812       14,576       13,747  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Real estate

     26,647       19,615       44,569       40,754  

Mineral resources

     7,148       4,580       16,574       11,913  

Fiber resources and other

     1,517       1,290       2,261       2,658  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     35,312       25,485       63,404       55,325  

COSTS AND EXPENSES

        

Cost of real estate sales and other

     (10,578     (5,991     (16,352     (11,649

Cost of commercial and income producing properties

     (4,638     (4,366     (9,195     (8,878

Cost of mineral resources

     (978     (438     (2,353     (1,232

Cost of fiber resources and other

     (370     (285     (498     (532

Other operating

     (11,441     (10,483     (24,191     (22,157

General and administrative

     (6,749     (6,849     (13,712     (12,820

Gain on sale of assets

     3,401       —          15,076       —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (31,353     (28,412     (51,225     (57,268

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)

     3,959       (2,927     12,179       (1,943

Equtiy in earnings of unconsolidated ventures

     768       402       1,492       984  

Interest expense

     (3,664     (4,653     (7,555     (8,662

Other non-operating income

     1,140       24       1,204       51  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE TAXES

     2,203       (7,154     7,320       (9,570

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (732     2,828       (2,352     3,540  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED NET INCOME (LOSS)

     1,471       (4,326     4,968       (6,030

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (660     405       (1,355     (364
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO FORESTAR GROUP INC.

   $ 811     $ (3,921   $ 3,613     $ (6,394
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING

        

Basic

     35,235       35,524       35,190       35,466  

Diluted

     35,425       35,524       35,412       35,466  

NET INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE

        

Basic

   $ 0.02     $ (0.11   $ 0.10     $ (0.18

Diluted

   $ 0.02     $ (0.11   $ 0.10     $ (0.18

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

   $ 811     $ (3,921   $ 3,613     $ (6,394

Please read the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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FORESTAR GROUP INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

     First Six Months  
      2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

    

Consolidated net income (loss)

   $ 4,968     $ (6,030

Adjustments:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     4,511       4,864  

Deferred income taxes

     (2,909     (7,000

Tax benefits not recognized for book purposes

     76       95  

Equity in (earnings) loss of unconsolidated ventures

     (1,492     (984

Distributions of earnings of unconsolidated ventures

     356       4,102  

Distributions of earnings to noncontrolling interests

     (1,173     (2,491

Reimbursed costs from unconsolidated ventures

     10,759       —     

Proceeds from consolidated venture’s sale of assets, net

     24,294       —     

Non-cash share-based compensation

     5,164       3,952  

Non-cash real estate cost of sales

     15,964       10,525  

Real estate development and acquisition expenditures, net

     (52,505     (23,529

Acquisition of loan secured by real estate

     —          (21,137

Reimbursements from utility and improvement districts

     937       1,790  

Other changes in real estate

     733       (5

Gain on termination of timber lease

     (234     (181

Cost of timber cut

     411       524  

Deferred income

     1,864       947  

Asset impairments

     —          450  

Gain on sale of assets

     (15,076     —     

Other

     458       74  

Changes in:

    

Notes and accounts receivable

     (242     530  

Prepaid expenses and other

     751       (239

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities

     (3,530     3,896  

Income taxes

     (6,078     (4,083
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

     (11,993     (33,930

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

    

Property, equipment, software and reforestation

     (1,341     (899

Oil and natural gas properties and equipment

     (2,264     (2,112

Investment in unconsolidated ventures

     (1,430     (1,135

Return of investment in unconsolidated ventures

     736       252  

Proceeds from termination of timber lease

     —          290  

Proceeds from sale of property

     —          103  

Proceeds from sale of venture interest

     32,095       —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

     27,796       (3,501

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

    

Payments of debt

     (36,047     (37,043

Additions to debt

     47,394       76,279  

Deferred financing fees

     (343     (1,379

Return of investment to noncontrolling interest

     (69     (1

Exercise of stock options

     1,182       1,167  

Payroll taxes on restricted stock and stock options

     (1,151     (1,216

Tax benefit from share-based compensation

     370       (110

Other

     52       83  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

     11,388       37,780  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     27,191       349  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     18,283       5,366  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 45,474     $ 5,715  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Please read the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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FORESTAR GROUP INC.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation

Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Forestar Group Inc., all subsidiaries, ventures and other entities in which we have a controlling interest and variable interest entities of which we are the primary beneficiary. We eliminate all material intercompany accounts and transactions. Noncontrolling interests in consolidated pass-through entities are recognized before income taxes. We account for our investment in other entities in which we have significant influence over operations and financial policies using the equity method (we recognize our share of the entities’ income or loss and any preferential returns and treat distributions as a reduction of our investment). We account for our investment in other entities in which we do not have significant influence over operations and financial policies using the cost method (we recognize as income distributions of accumulated earnings).

We prepare our unaudited interim financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and Securities and Exchange Commission requirements for interim financial statements. As a result, they do not include all the information and disclosures required for complete financial statements. However, in our opinion, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Such adjustments consist only of normal recurring items unless otherwise noted. We make estimates and assumptions about future events. Actual results can, and probably will, differ from those we currently estimate including those related to allocating cost of sales to real estate, minerals and fiber and measuring assets for impairment. These interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. For further information, please read the financial statements included in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Note 2 — New and Pending Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Adopted in 2012

In first quarter 2012, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2011-04 — Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs and ASU 2011-05 — Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income. Adoption of these pronouncements did not affect our earnings or financial position.

Pending Accounting Standards

Pending ASU 2011-10 – Property, Plant, and Equipment: Derecognition of in Substance Real Estate will be effective first quarter 2013. Adoption is not anticipated to have a significant effect on our earnings or financial position but may result in certain additional disclosures.

Note 3 — Business Acquisitions

In first quarter 2012, we acquired from CL Realty, L.L.C. and Temco Associates, LLC, the ventures’ interest in 17 residential and mixed-use real estate projects for $47,000,000. Subsequent to closing of these acquisitions, we received $23,370,000 from the ventures, representing our pro-rata share of distributable cash. The purchase price was allocated to the acquired assets and liabilities based on their estimated fair value: $31,891,000 to real estate; $14,236,000 to investment in unconsolidated ventures; $1,385,000 to other assets; and $512,000 to liabilities directly related to the real estate acquired. Transaction costs of about $463,000 are included in other operating expense in first six months 2012.

The acquired assets and operating results are included within our real estate segment and represented approximately 1,130 fully developed lots, 4,900 planned lots and over 460 commercial acres on the date of acquisition, principally in the major markets of Texas. Pro forma consolidated operating income (loss) assuming these acquisitions had occurred at the beginning of 2011 would not be significantly different than those reported.

On June 3, 2012, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire CREDO Petroleum Corporation (Credo) in an all cash transaction for $14.50 per share, representing an equity purchase price of approximately $146,000,000. Closing is subject to customary conditions, including approval by Credo’s stockholders and, if approved, is expected to close in second half of 2012. We obtained a commitment for bridge financing that, combined with available liquidity, is sufficient to fund the acquisition. However, we intend to pursue amendments to our senior secured credit facility to fund a significant portion of the purchase price.

In second quarter 2012, we incurred $2,461,000 in costs to outside advisors related to this proposed transaction, which are included in general and administrative expenses. We estimate remaining transaction costs will be approximately $4,500,000.

 

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Note 4 — Real Estate

Real estate consists of:

 

 

                                               
      Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011
 
     (In thousands)  

Entitled, developed and under development projects

   $ 358,399     $ 383,026  

Undeveloped land

     83,403       80,076  

Commercial and income producing properties

    

Carrying value

     128,203       129,220  

Accumulated depreciation

     (28,767     (26,955
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net carrying value

     99,436       102,265  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 541,238     $ 565,367  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Included in entitled, developed and under development projects are the estimated costs of assets we expect to convey to utility and improvement districts of $53,053,000 at second quarter-end 2012 and $61,526,000 at year-end 2011, including $34,402,000 in second quarter-end 2012 and $34,802,000 at year-end 2011 related to our Cibolo Canyons project near San Antonio, Texas. These costs relate to water, sewer and other infrastructure assets we have submitted to utility or improvement districts for approval and reimbursement. In second quarter 2012, these costs decreased by $11,065,000 as result of a consolidated venture’s sale of approximately 800 acres near Dallas. We submitted for reimbursement to these districts $2,350,000 in first six months 2012 and $2,336,000 in first six months 2011. We received $637,000 from these districts in first six months 2012 and $187,000 in first six months 2011. We expect to collect the remaining amounts billed when these districts achieve adequate tax bases to support payment.

Also included in entitled, developed and under development projects is our investment in the resort development owned by third parties at our Cibolo Canyons project. We received $300,000 in second quarter 2012 and $1,603,000 in second quarter 2011 from the Special Improvement District (SID) related to hotel occupancy revenues and other revenues from resort sales collected as taxes by the SID. We currently account for these receipts as a reduction of our investment. At second-quarter-end 2012, we have $35,067,000 invested in the resort development.

In first quarter 2012, entitled, developed and under development projects increased by $31,891,000 as a result of our acquisition of certain residential and mixed-use projects from CL Realty and Temco. Please read Note 3 for additional information. In second quarter 2012, entitled, developed and under development projects decreased by $51,493,000 as result of a consolidated venture’s sale of approximately 800 acres (Light Farms Project) near Dallas. We received $24,294,000 in net proceeds, the buyer assumed the outstanding debt of $30,991,000 and we recognized a gain on sale of $3,401,000.

At second quarter-end 2012, commercial and income producing properties primarily represents our investment in a 401 unit multifamily property in Houston with a carrying value of $46,001,000, a 413 room hotel in Austin with a carrying value of $20,480,000 and a 289 unit multifamily project in Austin, currently under construction, with a carrying value of $29,011,000. In first six months 2012, we invested $14,341,000 in construction costs associated with this multifamily property and the estimated cost to complete construction is approximately $4,854,000.

Depreciation expense, primarily related to commercial and income producing properties, was $1,812,000 in first six months 2012 and $1,760,000 in first six months 2011 and is included in other operating expenses.

Note 5 — Timber

We own directly or through ventures about 129,000 acres of timber, primarily in Georgia, and about 17,000 acres of timber under lease. The non-cash cost of timber cut and sold was $411,000 in first six months 2012 and $524,000 in first six months 2011.

 

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Note 6 — Shareholders’ Equity

A reconciliation of changes in shareholders’ equity at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

 

      Forestar
Group Inc.
     Noncontrolling
Interests
    Total  
     (In thousands)  

Balance at year-end 2011

   $ 509,526      $ 1,686     $ 511,212  

Net income

     3,613        1,355       4,968  

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     —           (1,243     (1,243

Contributions from noncontrolling interests

     —           225       225  

Other (primarily share-based compensation)

     4,433        —          4,433  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at second quarter-end 2012

   $ 517,572      $ 2,023     $ 519,595  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

In first six months 2012, we issued 110,871 shares of our common stock as a result of stock option exercises and vesting of equity-settled restricted stock units.

Note 7 — Investment in Unconsolidated Ventures

At second quarter-end 2012, we had ownership interests in 13 ventures that we account for using the equity method. We have no real estate ventures that are accounted for using the cost method.

In second quarter 2012, we formed two new unconsolidated ventures:

Ÿ CJUF III, RH Holdings, LP was formed with Canyon-Johnson Urban Funds (CJUF) to develop a 257 unit multifamily property overlooking downtown Austin. We own a 25 percent interest and CJUF owns the remaining 75 percent interest. We contributed land and pre-development costs to the venture and received reimbursements of $3,718,000 from the venture, which represents CJUF’s pro-rata share and is included in operating activities in the statement of cash flows. The venture obtained a senior secured construction loan in the amount of $23,936,000 that bears interest at LIBOR plus 2 percent with no significant balance outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. The loan has an initial term of 36 months and may be extended for two additional 12-month periods if certain conditions are met. We have a guaranty of completion of the improvements, a repayment guaranty for 20 percent of principal balance and unpaid accrued interest and a standard non-recourse carve-out guaranty. The repayment guaranty will reduce from 20 percent to 0 percent upon achievement of certain conditions. At second quarter-end 2012, our investment in this venture is $4,077,000.

Ÿ FMF Peakview, LLC was formed with Guggenheim Real Estate, LLC (Guggenheim) to develop a 304 unit multifamily property in Denver. We own a 20 percent interest and Guggenheim owns the remaining 80 percent interest. We contributed land and pre-development costs to the venture and received reimbursements of $7,243,000 from the venture, which represents Guggenheim’s pro-rata share and is included in operating activities in the statement of cash flows. The venture obtained a senior secured construction loan in the amount of $31,550,000 that bears interest at LIBOR plus 2.25 percent with no balance outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. The loan has an initial term of 36 months and may be extended for two additional 12-month periods if certain conditions are met. We have a guaranty of completion of the improvements, a repayment guaranty for 25 percent of principal and unpaid accrued interest and a standard non-recourse carve-out guaranty. At second quarter-end 2012, our investment in this venture is $1,926,000.

In first quarter 2012, we acquired from CL Realty and Temco their interest in 17 residential and mixed-use projects for $47,000,000, principally representing $31,891,000 in real estate and $14,236,000 in investment in unconsolidated ventures. Please read Note 3 for additional information. Also in first quarter 2012, we sold our 25 percent interest in Palisades West LLC, which owns two office buildings and an accompanying parking garage in Austin for $32,095,000, resulting in a gain on sale of $11,675,000.

 

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Combined summarized balance sheet information for our ventures accounted for using the equity method follows:

 

 

 

 

     Venture Assets     Venture Borrowings (a)     Venture Equity     Our Investment  
     Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011
    Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011 
    Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011
    Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011
 
    (In thousands)  

242, LLC (b)

  $ 21,799     $ 23,688     $ 2,221     $ 4,429       $ 18,725     $ 18,536     $ 8,447     $ 8,332  

CJUF III, RH Holdings

    9,096       —          1       —          8,582       —          4,077       —     

CL Ashton Woods (c)

    17,036       —          —          —          16,833       —          6,675       —     

CL Realty

    7,761       51,096       —          1,056         7,519       48,608       3,760       24,304  

FMF Peakview

    9,629       —          —          —          9,629       —          1,926       —     

HM Stonewall Estates (c)

    5,561       —          617       —          4,945       —          2,457       —     

LM Land Holdings (c)

    17,649       —          2,090       —          12,422       —          5,955       —     

Palisades West

    —          124,588       —          —          —          81,635       —          20,412  

Round Rock Luxury Apartments

    33,448       34,434       28,382       28,544         4,403       4,865       2,992       3,312  

Temco

    13,192       18,922       —          2,787         12,921       15,896       6,460       7,948  

Other ventures (4) (b) (d)

    17,520       16,938       38,222       38,002         (33,914     (34,045     (422     (85
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 152,691     $ 269,666     $ 71,533     $ 74,818       $ 62,065     $ 135,495     $ 42,327     $ 64,223  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined summarized income statement information for our ventures accounted for using the equity method follows:

 

 

     Revenues     Earnings (Loss)     Our share of earnings (loss)  
     Second Quarter     First Six Months     Second Quarter     First Six Months     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011     2012     2011     2012     2011     2012     2011     2012     2011  
    (In thousands)  

242, LLC (b)

  $ 942     $ 463     $ 1,853     $ 463     $ 131     $ 61     $ 189     $ (4   $ 76     $ 31     $ 115     $ (2

CJUF III, RH Holdings

    —          —          —          —          —         —          —          —          —         —         —          —     

CL Ashton Woods (c)

    794       —          1,349       —          113       —          261       —          277       —         524       —     

CL Realty

    329       1,649       1,996       3,518       184       734       736       1,390       92       367       368       695  

FMF Peakview

    —          —          —          —          —         —          —          —          —         —         —          —     

HM Stonewall Estates (c)

    1,170       —          1,170       —          410       —          397       —          167       —         159       —     

LM Land Holdings (c)

    1,428       —          3,270       —          172       —          867       —          (18     —         167       —     

Palisades West

    —          4,084       —          8,114       —         1,455       —          2,911       —         364       —          728  

Round Rock Luxury Apartments

    1,158       959       2,282       1,968       19       (143     32       (210     18       (142     32       (119

Temco

    60       288       500       346       (64     (212     (122     (416     (32     (106     (61     (208

Other ventures (4)

    351       2,694       597       3,234       (79     (1,180     (439     (1,918     188       (112     188       (110
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 6,232     $ 10,137     $ 13,017     $ 17,643     $ 886     $ 715     $ 1,921     $ 1,753     $ 768     $ 402     $ 1,492     $ 984  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) 

Total includes current maturities of $67,968,000 at second quarter-end 2012, of which $38,962,000 is non-recourse to us, and $71,816,000 at year-end 2011, of which $43,144,000 is non-recourse to us.

(b) 

Includes unamortized deferred gains on real estate contributed by us to ventures. We recognize deferred gains as income as real estate is sold to third parties. Deferred gains of $916,000 are reflected as a reduction to our investment in unconsolidated ventures at second quarter-end 2012.

(c) 

In first quarter 2012, we acquired CL Realty’s equity investment in these residential and mixed-use ventures at estimated fair value. The difference between estimated fair value of the equity investment and our capital account within the respective ventures at closing (basis difference) will be accreted as income or expense over the life of the investment and included in equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures. Unrecognized basis difference of $3,347,000 is reflected as a reduction of our investment in unconsolidated ventures at second quarter-end 2012.

(d) 

Our investment in other ventures reflects our ownership interests generally ranging from 25 to 50 percent, excluding venture losses that exceed our investment where we are not obligated to fund those losses. Please read Note 16 for additional information.

 

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Table of Contents

In first six months 2012, we invested $1,430,000 in these ventures and received $1,092,000 in distributions; in first six months 2011, we invested $1,135,000 in these ventures and received $4,354,000 in distributions. Distributions include both return of investments and distributions of earnings.

We may provide performance bonds and letters of credit on behalf of certain ventures that would be drawn on due to failure to satisfy construction obligations as general contractor or for failure to timely deliver streets and utilities in accordance with local codes and ordinances. At second quarter-end 2012, we have $26,929,000 outstanding, of which $26,577,000 is related to the development and construction of a 257 unit multifamily property in Austin.

Note 8 — Receivables

Receivables consists of:

 

 

                                               
     Second
Quarter-End
2012
    Year-End
2011
 
     (In thousands)  

Loan secured by real estate and accrued interest

   $ 19,074     $ 20,666  

Notes receivable, average interest rates of 7.34% at second quarter-end 2012 and 7.16% at year-end 2011

     2,593       1,817  

Receivables and accrued interest

     1,975       860  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     23,642       23,343  

Allowance for bad debts

     (62     (62
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 23,580     $ 23,281  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

At second quarter-end 2012, we have $19,074,000 invested in a loan secured by real estate. The loan was acquired from a financial institution in 2011 when it was non-performing and is secured by a lien on developed and undeveloped real estate located near Houston designated for single-family residential and commercial development. In second quarter 2012, an approved bankruptcy plan of reorganization of the borrower became effective establishing a principal amount of $33,900,000 maturing in April 2017. Per the terms of the agreement, interest accrues at 9 percent the first three years escalating to 10 percent in year four and 12 percent in year five, with interest above 6.25 percent to be forgiven if the loan is prepaid by certain dates. Commencing with the reorganization, we estimate future cash flows and calculate accretable yield to be recognized over the term of the loan, which is included in other non-operating income. In second quarter 2012, we received principal payments of $2,133,000 and interest payments of $653,000. At second quarter-end 2012, the outstanding principal balance was $31,767,000.

Estimated accretable yield at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

 

     (In thousands)  

Beginning of period (first quarter-end 2012)

   $ 28,926  

Yield accretion recognized

     (1,093
  

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 27,833  
  

 

 

 

Notes receivable generally are secured by a deed of trust and generally due within three years.

Receivables and accrued interest principally include miscellaneous operating receivables arising in the normal course of business.

 

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Note 9 — Debt

Debt consists of:

 

 

     Second
Quarter-End
2012
     Year-End
2011
 
     (In thousands)  

Senior secured credit facility

     

Term loan facility — average interest rate of 6.50% at second quarter-end 2012 and year-end 2011

   $ 130,000      $ 130,000  

Secured promissory notes — average interest rate of 3.95% at second quarter-end 2012 and 4.34% at year-end 2011

     52,507        41,900  

Other indebtedness due through 2017 at variable and fixed interest rates ranging from 5.00% to 8.00%

     19,436        49,687  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 201,943      $  221,587  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our debt agreements contain financial covenants customary for such agreements including minimum levels of interest coverage and limitations on leverage. At second quarter-end 2012, we were in compliance with the financial covenants of these agreements.

At second quarter-end 2012, our senior secured credit facility provides for a $130,000,000 term loan maturing August 6, 2015 and a $200,000,000 revolving line of credit maturing August 6, 2014. The term loan and the revolving line of credit may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The revolving line of credit includes a $100,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit, of which $2,558,000 is outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. Total borrowings under our senior secured credit facility (including the face amount of letters of credit) may not exceed a borrowing base formula. At second quarter-end 2012, we had $145,507,000 in net unused borrowing capacity under our senior secured credit facility.

At our option, we can borrow at LIBOR plus 4.5 percent (subject to a 2 percent LIBOR floor) or prime plus 2.5 percent. Borrowings under the senior secured credit facility are secured by (a) all timberland, land in entitlement process, minerals and certain raw entitled land, (b) assignments of current and future leases, rents and contracts, including our mineral leases, (c) a security interest in our primary operating account, (d) pledge of the equity interests in current and future material operating subsidiaries or joint venture interests, or if such pledge is not permitted, a pledge of the right to distributions from such entities, to the extent permitted, and (e) negative pledge (without a mortgage) on all other wholly-owned assets. The senior secured credit facility provides for releases of real estate provided that borrowing base compliance is maintained.

At second quarter-end 2012, secured promissory notes include a $26,500,000 non-recourse loan collateralized by a 401 unit multifamily project located in Houston with a carrying value of $46,001,000. This secured promissory note includes a prepayment penalty for payments prior to July 1, 2017 and no prepayment penalty thereafter. The prepayment penalty is based on the difference between the fixed annual note rate of 4.94 percent and the assumed reinvestment rate based on the five-year treasury constant maturity rate. Secured promissory notes also include a $15,400,000 loan collateralized by a 413 guest room hotel located in Austin with a carrying value of $20,480,000 and a $10,607,000 construction loan collateralized by a 289 unit multifamily project (currently under construction) located in Austin with a carrying value of $29,011,000. The multifamily loan will provide up to $19,550,000 in construction financing.

At second quarter-end 2012, other indebtedness, principally non-recourse, is collateralized by entitled, developed and under development projects with a carrying value of $61,241,000. In second quarter 2012, other indebtedness decreased by $30,991,000 as result of a consolidated venture’s sale of approximately 800 acres (Light Farms Project) near Dallas. We received $24,294,000 in net proceeds, the buyer assumed the outstanding debt and we recognized a gain on sale of $3,401,000.

At second quarter-end 2012, we have $6,902,000 in unamortized deferred financing fees which are included in other assets. Amortization of deferred financing fees was $1,441,000 in first six months 2012 and $1,472,000 in first six months 2011 and is included in interest expense.

Note 10 — Fair Value

Non-financial assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis principally include real estate assets, assets held for sale, goodwill and other intangible assets, which are measured for impairment. In second quarter 2012 and 2011, no non-financial assets were remeasured at fair value.

We elected not to use the fair value option for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other current assets, variable debt, accounts payable and other current liabilities. The carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximate their fair values due to their short-term nature or variable interest rates. We determine the fair value of fixed rate financial instruments using quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets.

 

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Table of Contents

Information about our fixed rate financial instruments not measured at fair value follows:

 

 

     Second Quarter-End 2012     Year-End 2011    

 

 
     Carrying     Fair     Carrying     Fair     Valuation  
     Amount     Value     Amount     Value     Technique  
     (In thousands)        

Loan secured by real estate

   $ 19,074     $ 37,782     $ 20,666     $ —   (a)      Level 2   

Fixed rate debt

   $ (29,931   $ (32,477   $ (29,931   $ (32,478     Level 2   

 

(a) 

At year-end 2011 not applicable due to its non-performing status.

Note 11 — Capital Stock

Pursuant to our stockholder rights plan, each share of common stock outstanding is coupled with one-quarter of a preferred stock purchase right (Right). Each Right entitles our stockholders to purchase, under certain conditions, one one-hundredth of a share of newly issued Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock at an exercise price of $100. Rights will be exercisable only if someone acquires beneficial ownership of 20 percent or more of our common shares or commences a tender or exchange offer, upon consummation of which they would beneficially own 20 percent or more of our common shares. We will generally be entitled to redeem the Rights at $0.001 per Right at any time until the 10th business day following public announcement that a 20 percent position has been acquired. The Rights will expire on December 11, 2017.

Please read Note 17 for information about additional shares of common stock that could be issued under terms of our share-based compensation plans.

As a result of the 2007 spin-offs from Temple-Inland, at second quarter-end 2012, personnel of Temple-Inland and the other spin-off entity held options to purchase 980,000 shares of our common stock. The options have a weighted average exercise price of $22.50 per share and a weighted average remaining contractual term of three years. At second quarter-end 2012, the options have an aggregate intrinsic value of $418,000.

Note 12 — Net Income per Share

Earnings attributable to common shareholders and weighted average common shares outstanding used to compute earnings per share were:

 

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Earnings (loss) available to common shareholders:

        

Consolidated net income (loss)

   $ 1,471     $ (4,326   $ 4,968     $ (6,030

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (660     405       (1,355     (364
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Forestar Group Inc.

   $ 811     $ (3,921   $ 3,613     $ (6,394
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic

     35,235       35,524       35,190       35,466  

Dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock and equity-settled awards

     190       —          222       —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted

     35,425       35,524       35,412       35,466  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Anti-dilutive awards excluded from diluted weighted average shares outstanding

     2,712       3,182       2,530       3,182  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Note 13 — Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 33 percent in second quarter 2012 and 32 percent in first six months 2012, which includes a 3 percent benefit for noncontrolling interests. Our effective tax rate was a benefit of 40 percent in second quarter 2011 and a 37 percent benefit in first six months 2011, which includes a 2 percent non-cash charge for share-based compensation. In addition, 2012 and 2011 effective tax rates include the effect of state income taxes, nondeductible items and benefits of percentage depletion.

We have not provided a valuation allowance for our federal deferred tax asset because we believe it is likely it will be recoverable in future periods.

 

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Table of Contents

At second quarter-end 2012, our unrecognized tax benefits totaled $6,175,000, all of which would affect our effective tax rate if recognized.

Note 14 — Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

In connection with our definitive agreement to acquire Credo, four purported class action lawsuits and one lawsuit that seeks certification as a class action have been filed against Credo, its board of directors and us. These actions generally allege that Credo and its board of directors breached fiduciary duties to Credo stockholders with respect to the proposed transaction. The five actions also allege that we aided and abetted the alleged breaches. The plaintiffs’ allegations include that the consideration to be paid pursuant to the definitive agreement to acquire Credo is inadequate. They seek remedies that include enjoining the defendants from consummating the proposed transaction and directing Credo’s directors to exercise their fiduciary duties to obtain a transaction that is in the best interests of the Credo stockholders. We believe that the claims are entirely without merit and intend to defend the actions vigorously.

We are involved in various other legal proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of doing business and believe that adequate reserves have been established for any probable losses. We do not believe that the outcome of any of these proceedings should have a significant adverse effect on our financial position, long-term results of operations or cash flows. It is possible, however, that charges related to these matters could be significant to our results or cash flows in any one accounting period.

Environmental

Environmental remediation liabilities arise from time to time in the ordinary course of doing business, and we believe we have established adequate reserves for any probable losses that we can reasonably estimate. We own 288 acres near Antioch, California, portions of which were sites of a former Temple-Inland paper manufacturing operation that are in remediation. We have received certificates of completion on all but one 80 acre tract, a portion of which includes subsurface contamination. We estimate the cost to complete remediation activities will be approximately $2,211,000, which is included in other accrued expenses. It is possible that remediation or monitoring activities could be required in addition to those included within our estimate, but we are unable to determine the scope, timing or extent of such activities.

Note 15 — Segment Information

We manage our operations through three business segments: real estate, mineral resources and fiber resources. Real estate secures entitlements and develops infrastructure on our lands for single-family residential and mixed-use communities, and manages our undeveloped land, commercial and income producing properties, primarily a hotel and our multifamily investments. Mineral resources manages our oil, natural gas and water interests. Fiber resources manages our timber and recreational leases.

Assets allocated by segment are as follows:

 

 

     Second
Quarter-End
2012
     Year-End
2011
 
     (In thousands)  

Real estate

   $ 606,825      $  655,592  

Mineral resources

     20,268        18,902  

Fiber resources

     13,806        14,444  

Assets not allocated to segments

     137,081        105,919  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 777,980      $ 794,857  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We evaluate performance based on segment earnings (loss) before unallocated items and income taxes. Segment earnings (loss) consist of operating income, equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures, gain on sale of assets, yield accretion on loans secured by real estate and net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests. Items not allocated to our business segments consist of general and administrative expense, share-based compensation, gain on sale of strategic timberland, interest expense and other corporate non-operating income and expense. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the accounting policy note to the consolidated financial statements. Our revenues are derived from our U.S. operations and all of our assets are located in the U.S. In second quarter 2012, no single customer accounted for more than 10 percent of our total revenues.

 

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Table of Contents

Segment revenues and earnings are as follows:

 

 

      Second Quarter     First Six Months  
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues:

        

Real estate

   $ 26,647     $ 19,615     $ 44,569     $ 40,754  

Mineral resources

     7,148       4,580       16,574       11,913  

Fiber resources

     1,517       1,290       2,261       2,658  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 35,312     $ 25,485     $ 63,404     $ 55,325  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment earnings:

        

Real estate

   $ 7,666     $ 1,007     $ 19,243     $ 3,582  

Mineral resources

     3,953       3,102       9,828       8,700  

Fiber resources

     594       704       984       1,344  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total segment earnings

     12,213       4,813       30,055       13,626  

Items not allocated to segments (a)

     (10,670     (11,562     (24,090     (23,560
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before taxes attributable to Forestar Group Inc.

   $ 1,543     $ (6,749   $ 5,965     $ (9,934
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) 

Items not allocated to segments consist of:

 

 

      Second Quarter     First Six Months  
      2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

General and administrative expense

   $ (7,120   $ (7,081   $ (11,482   $ (10,997

Shared-based compensation expense

     67       148       (5,164     (3,952

Interest expense

     (3,664     (4,653     (7,555     (8,662

Other corporate non-operating income and expense

     47       24       111       51  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ (10,670   $ (11,562   $ (24,090   $ (23,560
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Note 16 — Variable Interest Entities

At second quarter-end 2012, we are the primary beneficiary of two VIEs that we consolidate. We have provided the majority of equity to these VIEs, which absent our contributions or advances do not have sufficient equity to fund their operations. We have the authority to approve project budgets and the issuance of additional debt. At second quarter-end 2012, our consolidated balance sheet includes $14,805,000 in assets, principally real estate, and $2,240,000 in liabilities related to these two VIEs. In second quarter 2012, we contributed or advanced $628,000 to these VIEs.

Also at second quarter-end 2012, we are not the primary beneficiary of three VIEs that we account for using the equity method. The unrelated managing partners oversee day-to-day operations and guarantee some of the debt of the VIEs while we have the authority to approve project budgets and the issuance of additional debt. Although some of the debt is guaranteed by the managing partners, we may under certain circumstances elect or be required to provide additional funds to these VIEs. At second quarter-end 2012, these three VIEs have total assets of $48,885,000, substantially all of which represent developed and undeveloped real estate and total liabilities of $79,764,000, which includes $63,481,000 of borrowings classified as current maturities. These amounts are included in unconsolidated ventures in the combined summarized balance sheet information accounted for using the equity method. Please read Note 7. At second quarter-end 2012, our investment in these three VIEs is $1,678,000 and is included in investment in unconsolidated ventures. In first six months 2012, we contributed or advanced $74,000 to these VIEs. Our maximum exposure to loss related to these VIEs is estimated at $34,600,000, which exceeds our investment as we have a nominal general partner interest in two of these VIEs and could be held responsible for their liabilities. The maximum exposure to loss represents the maximum loss that we could be required to recognize assuming all the ventures’ assets (principally real estate) are worthless, without consideration of the probability of a loss or of any actions we may take to mitigate any such loss.

 

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Table of Contents

Note 17 — Share-Based Compensation

Share-based compensation expense (income) consists of:

 

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Cash-settled awards

   $ (1,800   $ (1,488   $ 282      $ 681  

Equity-settled awards

     555       262       1,829        411  

Restricted stock

     508       607       1,122        1,270  

Stock options

     670       471       1,931        1,590  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ (67   $ (148   $ 5,164      $ 3,952  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense (income) is included in:

 

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

General and administrative expense

   $ (371   $ (232   $ 2,230      $ 1,823  

Other operating expense

     304       84       2,934        2,129  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ (67   $ (148   $ 5,164      $ 3,952  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The fair value of awards granted to retirement eligible employees and expensed at the date of grant was $595,000 in first six months 2012 and $654,000 in first six months 2011. Unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to non-vested equity-settled awards, restricted stock and stock options is $10,968,000 at second quarter-end 2012. The weighted average period over which this amount will be recognized is estimated to be two years. We did not capitalize any share-based compensation in first six months 2012 or 2011.

In first six months 2012, we withheld 71,082 shares having a value of $1,151,000 in connection with vesting of restricted stock awards and exercises of stock options. In first six months 2011, we withheld 64,437 shares having a value of $1,216,000 in connection with vesting of restricted stock awards and exercises of stock options. These shares are included in treasury stock and are reflected in financing activities in our consolidated statement of cash flows.

A summary of awards granted under our 2007 Stock Incentive Plan follows:

Cash-settled awards

Cash-settled awards granted to our employees in the form of restricted stock units or stock appreciation rights generally vest over three to four years from the date of grant and generally provide for accelerated vesting upon death, disability or if there is a change in control. Vesting for some restricted stock unit awards is also conditioned upon achievement of a minimum one percent annualized return on assets over a three-year period. Cash-settled stock appreciation rights have a ten-year term, generally become exercisable ratably over four years and provide for accelerated or continued vesting upon retirement, death, disability or if there is a change in control. Stock appreciation rights were granted with an exercise price equal to the market value of our stock on the date of grant.

Cash-settled awards granted to our directors in the form of restricted stock units are fully vested at the time of grant and payable upon retirement.

The following table summarizes the activity of cash-settled restricted stock unit awards in first six months 2012:

 

 

     Equivalent
Units
    Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
 
     (In thousands)     (Per unit)  

Non-vested at beginning of year

     449     $ 13.13  

Granted

     187       16.11  

Vested

     (286     10.32  

Forfeited

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-vested at end of period

     350     $ 17.03  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The following table summarizes the activity of cash-settled stock appreciation rights in first six months 2012:

 

 

     Rights
Outstanding
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
     Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
(Current
Value Less
Exercise Price)
 
     (In thousands)     (Per share)      (In years)      (In thousands)  

Balance at beginning of year

     895     $ 11.31        7      $ 3,986  

Granted

     —          —           

Exercised

     (11     9.29        

Forfeited

     —          —           
  

 

 

   

 

 

       

Balance at end of period

     884     $ 11.33        7      $ 2,365  

Exercisable at end of period

     607     $ 10.80        7      $ 1,757  

The fair value of awards settled in cash was $4,710,000 in first six months 2012 and $184,000 in first six months 2011. At second quarter-end 2012, the fair value of vested cash-settled awards is $13,291,000 and is included in other liabilities. The aggregate current value of non-vested cash-settled awards is $5,081,000 at second quarter-end 2012 based on a quarter-end stock price of $12.81.

Equity-settled awards

Equity-settled awards granted to our employees include restricted stock units (RSU), which vest ratably over three years from the date of grant, and market-leveraged stock units (MSU), which vest after three years. Equity settled awards in the form of restricted stock units granted to our directors are fully vested at time of grant and payable upon retirement. The following table summarizes the activity of equity-settled awards in first six months 2012:

 

 

           Weighted  
     Equivalent     Average Grant  
     Units     Date Fair Value  
     (In thousands)     (Per share)  

Non-vested at beginning of year

     159     $ 20.74  

Granted

     291       17.48  

Vested

     (81     16.05  

Forfeited

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-vested at end of period

     369     $ 19.20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

In first quarter 2012, we granted 154,900 MSU awards. These awards will be settled in common stock based upon our stock price performance over three years from the date of grant. The number of shares to be issued could range from a high of 232,370 shares if our stock price increases by 50 percent or more, to a low of 77,460 shares if our stock price decreases by 50 percent, or could be zero if our stock price decreases by more than 50 percent, the minimum threshold performance. MSU awards are valued using a Monte Carlo simulation pricing model, which includes expected stock price volatility and risk-free interest rate assumptions. Compensation expense is recognized regardless of achievement of performance conditions, provided the requisite service period is satisfied.

Unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to non-vested equity-settled awards is $4,838,000 at second quarter-end 2012. The weighted average period over which this amount will be recognized is estimated to be two years.

 

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Restricted stock

Restricted stock awards vest either ratably over or after three years, generally if we achieve a minimum one percent annualized return on assets over such three-year period. The following table summarizes the activity of restricted stock awards in first six months 2012:

 

 

           Weighted  
     Restricted     Average Grant  
     Shares     Date Fair Value  
     (In thousands)     (Per share)  

Non-vested at beginning of year

     399     $ 15.02  

Granted

     —          —     

Vested

     (183     12.65  

Forfeited

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-vested at end of period

     216     $ 17.03  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock awards is $1,466,000 at second quarter-end 2012. The weighted average period over which this amount will be recognized is estimated to be one year.

Stock options

Stock options have a ten-year term, generally become exercisable ratably over four years and provide for accelerated or continued vesting upon retirement, death, disability or if there is a change in control. Options were granted with an exercise price equal to the market value of our stock on the date of grant. The following table summarizes the activity of stock option awards in first six months 2012:

 

 

                   Weighted      Aggregate  
                   Average      Intrinsic Value  
            Weighted      Remaining      (Current  
     Options      Average      Contractual      Value Less  
     Outstanding      Exercise Price      Term      Exercise Price)  
     (In thousands)      (Per share)      (In years)      (In thousands)  

Balance at beginning of year

     1,284      $ 22.22        7      $ 944  

Granted

     453        16.11        

Exercised

     —           —           

Forfeited

     —           —           
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

Balance at end of period

     1,737      $ 20.62        8      $ 569  

Exercisable at end of period

     910      $ 24.20        6      $ 427  

We estimate the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following assumptions:

 

 

     First Six Months  
     2012     2011  

Expected dividend yield

     —       —  

Expected stock price volatility

     61.8      56.2 

Risk-free interest rate

     1.4      2.4 

Expected life of options (years)

     6       6  

Weighted average estimated fair value of options granted

   $ 9.32     $ 10.11  

We have limited historical experience as a stand-alone company so we utilized alternative methods in determining our valuation assumptions. The expected life was based on the simplified method utilizing the midpoint between the vesting period and the contractual life of the awards. Our expected stock price volatility is based on a blended rate utilizing our historical volatility and historical prices of our peers’ common stock for a period corresponding to the expected life of the options. Pre-vesting forfeitures are estimated based upon the pool of participants and their expected activity and historical trends.

 

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Unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to non-vested stock options is $4,664,000 at second quarter-end 2012. The weighted average period over which this amount will be recognized is estimated to be two years.

Pre-Spin Awards

Certain of our employees participated in Temple-Inland’s share-based compensation plans. In conjunction with the 2007 spin-off, these awards were equitably adjusted into separate awards of the common stock of Temple-Inland and the spin-off entities. As result of Temple-Inland’s merger with International Paper in first quarter 2012, all outstanding awards on Temple-Inland stock were settled with an intrinsic value of $1,132,000.

Pre-Spin stock option awards to our employees to purchase our common stock have a ten-year term, generally become exercisable ratably over four years and provide for accelerated or continued vesting upon retirement, death, disability or if there is a change in control. At second quarter-end 2012, there were 69,000 awards outstanding and exercisable on our stock with a weighted average exercise price of $23.17, weighted average remaining term of three years and aggregate intrinsic value of $40,000.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Unless otherwise indicated, information is presented as of second quarter-end 2012, and references to acreage owned includes all acres owned by ventures regardless of our ownership interest in a venture.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other materials we have filed or may file with the Securities and Exchange Commission contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “could,” “estimate,” “likely,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “expect,” and similar expressions, including references to assumptions. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties. We note that a variety of factors and uncertainties could cause our actual results to differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors and uncertainties that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

   

general economic, market or business conditions in Texas or Georgia, where our real estate activities are concentrated;

 

   

our ability to achieve some or all of our strategic initiatives;

 

   

the opportunities (or lack thereof) that may be presented to us and that we may pursue;

 

   

significant customer concentration;

 

   

future residential, multifamily or commercial entitlements, development approvals and the ability to obtain such approvals;

 

   

obtaining approvals of reimbursements and other payments from special improvement districts and the timing of such payments

 

   

accuracy of estimates and other assumptions related to investment in real estate, the expected timing and pricing of land and lot sales and related cost of real estate sales, impairment of long-lived assets, income taxes, share-based compensation and oil and natural gas reserves;

 

   

the levels of resale housing inventory and potential impact of foreclosures in our mixed-use development projects and the regions in which they are located;

 

   

fluctuations in costs and expenses;

 

   

demand for new housing, which can be affected by a number of factors including the availability of mortgage credit;

 

   

competitive actions by other companies;

 

   

changes in governmental policies, laws or regulations and actions or restrictions of regulatory agencies;

 

   

government regulation of exploration and production technology, including hydraulic fracturing;

 

   

the results of financing efforts, including our ability to obtain financing with favorable terms;

 

   

our partners’ ability to fund their capital commitments and otherwise fulfill their operating and financial obligations;

 

   

the effect of limitations, restrictions and natural events on our ability to harvest and deliver timber;

 

   

inability to obtain permits for, or changes in laws, governmental policies or regulations effecting, water withdrawal or usage and

 

   

the final resolutions or outcomes with respect to our contingent and other liabilities related to our business.

 

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Other factors, including the risk factors described in Item 1A of our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, may also cause actual results to differ materially from those projected by our forward-looking statements. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such factors, nor can we assess the impact of any such factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and, except as required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Strategy

Our strategy is:

 

   

Recognizing and responsibly delivering the greatest value from every acre; and

 

   

Growing through strategic and disciplined investments.

2012 Strategic Initiatives

In 2012, we announced Triple in FOR, new strategic initiatives designed to further enhance shareholder value by:

 

   

Accelerating value realization of our real estate and natural resources by increasing total residential lots sales, oil and gas production, and total segment earnings.

 

   

Optimizing transparency and disclosure by expanding reported oil and natural gas resources, providing additional information related to groundwater interests, and establishing a progress report on corporate responsibility efforts.

 

   

Raising our net asset value through strategic and disciplined investments by pursuing growth opportunities which help prove up our asset value and meet return expectations, developing a low-capital, high-return multifamily business, and accelerating investment in lower-risk oil and natural gas opportunities.

Strategic Acquisition

On June 3, 2012, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire CREDO Petroleum Corporation (Credo) in an all cash transaction for $14.50 per share, representing an equity purchase price of approximately $146,000,000. Closing is subject to customary conditions, including approval by Credo’s stockholders and, if approved, is expected to close in second half of 2012. We obtained a commitment for bridge financing that, combined with available liquidity, is sufficient to fund the acquisition. However, we intend to pursue amendments to our existing senior secured credit facility to fund a significant portion of the purchase price.

 

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Results of Operations

A summary of our consolidated results by business segment follows:

 

                                                       
     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues:

        

Real estate

   $ 26,647     $ 19,615     $ 44,569     $ 40,754  

Mineral resources

     7,148       4,580       16,574       11,913  

Fiber resources

     1,517       1,290       2,261       2,658  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 35,312     $ 25,485     $ 63,404     $ 55,325  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment earnings:

        

Real estate

   $ 7,666     $ 1,007     $ 19,243     $ 3,582  

Mineral resources

     3,953       3,102       9,828       8,700  

Fiber resources

     594       704       984       1,344  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total segment earnings

     12,213       4,813       30,055       13,626  

Items not allocated to segments:

        

General and administrative expense

     (7,120     (7,081     (11,482     (10,997

Share-based compensation expense

     67       148       (5,164     (3,952

Interest expense

     (3,664     (4,653     (7,555     (8,662

Other corporate non-operating income and expense

     47       24       111       51  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before taxes

     1,543       (6,749     5,965       (9,934

Income tax benefit (expense)

     (732     2,828       (2,352     3,540  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Forestar Group Inc.

   $ 811     $ (3,921   $ 3,613     $ (6,394
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Significant aspects of our results of operations follow:

Second Quarter and First Six months 2012

 

   

Second quarter 2012 real estate segment earnings benefited principally from $3,401,000 gain from a consolidated venture’s sale of 800 acres near Dallas and increased residential lot and commercial sales. In first six months 2012, segment earnings benefited principally from $11,675,000 gain from the sale of our 25 percent interest in Palisades West LLC for $32,095,000 and increased residential lot and commercial sales. These items are partially offset by decreased retail land sales volume.

 

   

Mineral resources segment earnings benefited from increased oil production volumes which was partially offset by decreased lease bonus activity and increased costs from additional oil and natural gas personnel and professional services associated with our water initiatives.

 

   

Second quarter and first six months 2012 general and administrative expense includes $2,461,000 in transaction costs to outside advisors related to entering into a definitive agreement to acquire CREDO Petroleum Corporation.

 

   

Second quarter 2012 share-based compensation expense related to cash-settled awards decreased as result of a decline in our stock price and the impact on vested awards. In first six months 2012, the decline in our stock price and the impact on cash-settled awards was offset by expenses related to equity-settled awards granted in first quarter 2012.

Second Quarter and First Six months 2011

 

   

Second quarter 2011 real estate segment earnings was negatively impacted by lower undeveloped land sales and prices as a result of current market conditions. Second quarter and first six months 2011 real estate earnings benefited from increased residential lot sales and prices and reallocation from us to noncontrolling financial interests of a previously recognized $1,342,000 loss related to foreclosure of a lien on a property owned by a consolidated venture, which partially offset lower levels of undeveloped land sales.

 

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Second quarter and first six months 2011 mineral resources segment earnings declined primarily due to increased costs associated with developing our water resources initiatives.

 

   

Second quarter and first six months 2011 general and administrative expense includes $2,730,000 associated with proposed private debt offerings that we withdrew as a result of deterioration of terms available to us in the credit markets.

 

   

Second quarter and first six months 2011 share-based compensation decreased primarily due to the effect of our lower stock price associated with vested cash-settled awards.

Current Market Conditions

Current U.S. single-family residential market conditions are showing signs of stability; however, high unemployment rates, depressed sales volumes and prices, difficult financing environment for purchasers and competition from foreclosure inventory continue to negatively influence housing markets. It is difficult to predict when and at what rate these broader negative conditions will improve. We have seen signs of stability in certain markets, where declining finished lot inventories and lack of real estate development is increasing demand for our developed lots, principally in the Texas markets. Multifamily market conditions continue to be strong, with many markets experiencing healthy occupancy levels and positive rent growth. This improvement has been driven primarily by limited new construction activity, reduced single-family mortgage credit availability, and the increased propensity to rent among the 18 to 34 year old demographic of the U.S. population.

Oil prices have weakened recently reflecting market concerns about world economic and oil demand growth. Natural gas prices have remained at low historical levels due to abundant supplies and high inventories due to a warm winter. Shale resource drilling and production remains strong and working natural gas inventories are expected to remain relatively high. In the East Texas Basin, exploration and production companies continue to focus drilling on high liquid rich gas prospects due to relatively high condensate and natural gas liquids prices. In the Gulf Coast Basin, in Louisiana, activity has increased as operators have shifted exploration efforts to oil and high liquid natural gas plays. These conditions may impact the demand for new mineral leases, new exploration activity and the amount of royalty revenues we receive.

Pine sawtimber prices continue to be depressed due to weak demand driven by the overall slowdown in residential construction activity, while pine pulpwood demand remains steady and pricing is relatively flat.

Business Segments

We manage our operations through three business segments:

 

   

Real estate,

 

   

Mineral resources, and

 

   

Fiber resources.

We evaluate performance based on earnings (loss) before unallocated items and income taxes. Segment earnings (loss) consist of operating income, equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures’, gain on sale of assets, yield accretion on loans secured by real estate and net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests. Items not allocated to our business segments consist of general and administrative expenses, share-based compensation, gain on sale of strategic timberland, interest expense and other corporate non-operating income and expense. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the accounting policy note to the consolidated financial statements.

We operate in cyclical industries. Our operations are affected to varying degrees by supply and demand factors and economic conditions including changes in interest rates, availability of mortgage credit, consumer and home builder sentiment, new housing starts, real estate values, employment levels, changes in the market prices for oil, natural gas, and timber, and the overall strength or weakness of the U.S. economy.

Real Estate

We own directly or through ventures about 145,000 acres of real estate located in eight states and 12 markets. Our real estate segment secures entitlements and develops infrastructure on our lands, primarily for single-family residential and mixed-use communities. We own approximately 104,000 acres in a broad area around Atlanta, Georgia, with the balance located primarily in Texas. We target investments principally in regions across the southern half of the United States that possess key demographic and growth

 

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characteristics that we believe make them attractive for long-term real estate investment. We own and manage our projects either directly or through ventures. Our real estate segment revenues are principally derived from the sales of residential single-family lots and tracts, undeveloped land and commercial real estate and from the operation of commercial and income producing properties, primarily a hotel and our multifamily investments.

A summary of our real estate results follows:

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues

   $ 26,647     $ 19,615     $ 44,569     $ 40,754  

Cost of sales

     (15,216     (10,357     (25,547     (20,527

Operating expenses

     (8,243     (8,633     (15,787     (16,347
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     3,188       625       3,235       3,880  

Yield accretion on loan secured by real estate

     1,093       —          1,093       —     

Gain on sale of assets

     3,401       —          15,076       —     

Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated ventures

     644       (23     1,194       66  

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (660     405       (1,355     (364
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment earnings

   $ 7,666     $ 1,007     $ 19,243     $ 3,582  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Second quarter and first six months 2012 segment earnings include $1,093,000 related to yield accretion on a loan secured by real estate.

In second quarter and first six months 2012, gain on sale of assets includes $3,401,000 from a consolidated venture’s sale of 800 acres in Dallas. In addition, in first six months 2012, gain on sale of assets includes $11,675,000 from the sale of our 25 percent interest in Palisades West LLC for $32,095,000.

Revenues in our owned and consolidated ventures consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Residential real estate

   $ 14,830      $ 9,360      $ 23,328      $ 17,227  

Commercial real estate

     1,765        736        1,765        736  

Undeveloped land

     2,581        2,480        3,314        8,570  

Commercial and income producing properties

     7,298        6,812        14,576        13,747  

Other

     173        227        1,586        474  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 26,647      $ 19,615      $ 44,569      $ 40,754  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Residential real estate revenues principally consist of the sale of single-family lots to national, regional and local homebuilders. In second quarter and first six months 2012, residential real estate revenues increased principally as a result of increased lot sales volume due to demand for finished lot inventory by homebuilders in markets where supply has diminished. In second quarter 2012, we sold the remaining 109 fully developed lots from our River Plantation project located in Tampa for $2,145,000 or about $19,675 per lot, resulting in about $533,000 in segment earnings.

In second quarter and first six months 2012, commercial real estate revenues increased primarily as result of selling 35 acres from our Summer Creek Ranch project located in Fort Worth for $1,295,000 which generated about $822,000 in segment earnings.

In first six months 2012, undeveloped land sales decreased due to lower volume from our retail land sales program as a result of challenging market conditions including limited credit availability and alternate investment options to buyers in the marketplace.

In second quarter and first six months 2012, commercial and income producing properties revenue increased as a result of higher occupancy levels and revenue per available room from our 413 guest room hotel in Austin and rent growth from our 401 unit multifamily property located in Houston.

 

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In first six months 2012, other revenues include $1,047,000 as result of selling seven acres of impervious cover entitlement credits to a national homebuilder. This sale generated segment earnings of approximately $920,000.

Units sold in our owned and consolidated ventures consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Residential real estate:

           

Lots sold

     345        158        482        303  

Revenue per lot sold

   $ 42,725      $ 59,235      $ 48,210      $ 56,853  

Commercial real estate:

           

Acres sold

     38        4        38        4  

Revenue per acre sold

   $ 47,040      $ 185,344      $ 47,040      $ 185,344  

Undeveloped land:

           

Acres sold

     933        762        1,253        3,390  

Revenue per acre sold

   $ 2,765      $ 3,258      $ 2,645      $ 2,528  

Operating expenses consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Employee compensation and benefits

   $ 1,929      $ 1,896      $ 4,054      $ 3,837  

Property taxes

     2,398        2,277        4,341        4,461  

Professional services

     821        1,265        2,078        2,231  

Depreciation and amortization

     1,103        1,314        2,150        2,594  

Other

     1,992        1,881        3,164        3,224  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

   $ 8,243      $ 8,633      $ 15,787      $ 16,347  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Information about our real estate projects and our real estate ventures follows:

 

     Second Quarter-End  
     2012      2011  

Owned and consolidated ventures:

     

Entitled, developed and under development projects

     

Number of projects

     65        53  

Residential lots remaining

     19,979        18,763  

Commercial acres remaining

     2,085        1,811  

Undeveloped land and land in the entitlement process

     

Number of projects

     16        17  

Acres in entitlement process

     27,590        28,650  

Acres undeveloped

     95,901        166,626  

Ventures accounted for using the equity method:

     

Ventures’ lot sales (for first six months)

     

Lots sold

     230        194  

Average price per lot sold

   $ 47,568      $ 40,882  

Ventures’ entitled, developed and under development projects

     

Number of projects

     7        21  

Residential lots remaining

     3,954        9,440  

Commercial acres sold (for first six months)

     —           20  

Average price per acre sold

   $ —         $ 152,460  

Commercial acres remaining

     333        538  

Ventures’ undeveloped land and land in the entitlement process

     

Acres sold (for first six months)

     135        19  

Average price per acre sold

   $ 2,600      $ 3,000  

Acres undeveloped

     5,655        5,712  

In first quarter 2012, we acquired from CL Realty and Temco, 14 entitled, developed and under development projects and interests in three ventures accounted for using the equity method. The acquired assets represented approximately 1,130 fully developed lots, 4,900 planned lots, and over 460 commercial acres at time of acquisition, principally in the major markets of Texas.

We underwrite development projects based on a variety of assumptions incorporated into our development plans, including the timing and pricing of sales and leasing and costs to complete development. Our development plans are periodically reviewed in comparison to our return projections and expectations, and we may revise our plans as business conditions warrant. If as a result of changes to our development plans the anticipated future net cash flows are reduced such that our basis in a project is not fully recoverable, we may be required to recognize a non-cash impairment charge for such project.

At second quarter-end 2012, Broadstone Memorial, a 401unit multifamily property in Houston with a carrying value of $46,001,000, is being marketed for sale with a targeted close in the second half of 2012. Las Brisas, a 414 unit (unconsolidated venture) multifamily property located near Austin with a carrying value of $31,739,000, also is being marketed for sale with a targeted close in the second half of 2012. We hold a 59 percent interest in the venture that owns Las Brisas.

 

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Our net investment in owned and consolidated real estate by geographic location follows:

 

                                                                                                           

State

   Entitled,
Developed, and
Under
Development
Projects
     Undeveloped
Land
     Commercial
and Income
Producing
Properties
     Total  
     (In thousands)  

Texas

   $ 299,122      $ 9,626      $ 99,436      $ 408,184  

Georgia

     21,916        58,433        —           80,349  

Colorado

     21,937        —           —           21,937  

California

     8,915        14,771        —           23,686  

Other

     6,509        573        —           7,082  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 358,399      $ 83,403      $ 99,436      $ 541,238  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Mineral Resources

We own directly or through ventures about 594,000 net acres of mineral interests. Our mineral resources segment revenues are principally derived from oil and natural gas royalties, non-operating working interests and other lease revenues from our mineral interests located principally in Texas, Louisiana, Georgia and Alabama. At second quarter-end 2012, we have about 45,000 net acres under lease and about 35,000 net acres held by production.

A summary of our mineral resources results follows:

 

     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues

   $ 7,148     $ 4,580     $ 16,574     $ 11,913  

Cost of sales

     (978     (438     (2,353     (1,232

Operating expenses

     (2,337     (1,459     (4,681     (2,888
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     3,833       2,683       9,540       7,793  

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated ventures

     120       419       288       907  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment earnings

   $ 3,953     $ 3,102     $ 9,828     $ 8,700  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of sales represents our share of oil and natural gas production severance taxes, which are calculated based on a percentage of oil and natural gas produced, costs related to our oil and natural gas non-operating working interests and delay rental payments related to ground water leases in central Texas.

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated ventures includes our share of royalty revenue from 23 producing wells in the Barnett Shale natural gas formation.

Revenues consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Royalties

   $ 6,031      $ 3,686      $ 13,058      $ 7,362  

Non-operating working interests

     602        141        1,517        270  

Other revenues

     515        753        1,999        4,281  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 7,148      $ 4,580      $ 16,574      $ 11,913  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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In second quarter 2012, royalty revenues increased principally as result of increased oil production partially offset by decreased oil prices in our owned and consolidated properties and decreased natural gas prices. Increased oil production contributed about $3,441,000 which was offset by $467,000 from decreased oil prices as compared with second quarter 2011. Increased natural gas production contributed about $366,000 which was offset by $533,000 from decreased natural gas prices as compared with second quarter 2011. In first six months 2012, royalty revenues increased principally as result of increased oil production in our owned and consolidated properties. Increased oil production contributed about $6,500,000 as compared with first six months 2011. In first six months 2012, increased natural gas production contributed about $566,000 which was more than offset by $711,000 from decreased natural gas prices as compared with second quarter 2011.

In second quarter and first six months 2012, non-operating working interests revenue increased principally as result of our investment in new producing wells within the West Gordon Field located in Beauregard Parish, Louisiana.

In second quarter 2012, other revenues include $447,000 in delay rentals received on approximately 1,300 net mineral acres in Louisiana. There was no leasing activity in second quarter 2012. In second quarter 2011, other revenues include $475,000 in lease bonuses received as a result of leasing over 2,500 net mineral acres for an average of $187 per acre, of which 1,500 net mineral acres had no lease bonus payment in return for a short-term drilling commitment from the operator. In addition, other revenues include delay rentals received of $70,000 in second quarter 2011.

In first six months 2012, other revenues include $1,562,000 in delay rentals received on approximately 5,600 net mineral acres in Louisiana and $287,000 in lease bonuses received as a result of leasing about 800 net mineral acres for an average of about $360 per acre. In first six months 2011, other revenues include $2,132,000 in lease bonuses received as a result of leasing nearly 7,400 net mineral acres for an average of $289 per acre, $1,555,000 related to mineral seismic exploration agreement associated with 31,100 acres in Louisiana and $226,000 related to delay rentals received.

Oil and natural gas produced and average unit prices related to our royalty interests follows:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Consolidated entities:

           

Oil production (barrels)

     61,600        27,900        130,700        59,900  

Average price per barrel

   $ 94.64      $ 102.23      $ 96.19      $ 91.69  

Natural gas production (millions of cubic feet)

     338.3        246.0        700.5        554.1  

Average price per thousand cubic feet

   $ 2.39      $ 3.96      $ 2.85      $ 3.87  

Our share of ventures accounted for using the equity method:

           

Natural gas production (millions of cubic feet)

     82.1        127.6        172.2        286.2  

Average price per thousand cubic feet

   $ 2.01      $ 3.84      $ 2.52      $ 3.69  

Total consolidated and our share of equity method ventures:

           

Oil production (barrels)

     61,600        27,900        130,700        59,900  

Average price per barrel

   $ 94.64      $ 102.23      $ 96.19      $ 91.69  

Natural gas production (millions of cubic feet)

     420.4        373.6        872.7        840.3  

Average price per thousand cubic feet

   $ 2.31      $ 3.92      $ 2.79      $ 3.81  

Total BOE (barrels of oil equivalent)

     131,629        90,157        276,197        199,922  

Average price per barrel

   $ 51.65      $ 47.88      $ 54.34      $ 43.46  

At second quarter-end 2012, there were 541 productive wells operated by others on our leased mineral acres compared to 501 productive wells at second quarter-end 2011.

Operating expenses consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Professional and consulting services

   $ 974      $ 649      $ 2,011      $ 1,293  

Employee compensation and benefits

     807        429        1,529        882  

Property taxes

     79        74        150        150  

Other

     477        307        991        563  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

   $ 2,337      $ 1,459      $ 4,681      $ 2,888  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Professional and consulting services include $429,000 in second quarter 2012 and 2011 and $857,000 in first six months 2012 and 2011 due to non-cash amortization of contingent consideration paid to the seller of a water resources company acquired in 2010. These costs are being amortized ratably over the performance period assuming certain milestones are achieved by July 2014. In second quarter and first six months 2012, employee compensation and benefits increased principally as result of incremental staffing to support our oil, natural gas and water interests.

In addition, we have water interests in 1,550,000 acres, including a 45 percent nonparticipating royalty interest in groundwater produced or withdrawn for commercial purposes or sold from approximately 1,400,000 acres in Texas, Louisiana, Georgia and Alabama and 17,800 acres of ground water leases in central Texas. We have not received significant revenue or earnings from these interests.

Fiber Resources

Our fiber resources segment focuses principally on the management of our timber holdings and recreational leases. We have about 129,000 acres of timber we own directly or through ventures, primarily in Georgia, and about 17,000 acres of timber under lease. Our fiber resources segment revenues are principally derived from the sales of wood fiber from our land and leases for recreational uses. We have sold about 219,000 acres of timberland since year-end 2008. As a result of the reduced acreage from land sales, future segment revenues and earnings are anticipated to be lower.

A summary of our fiber resources results follows:

 

                                               
     Second Quarter     First Six Months  
     2012     2011     2012     2011  
     (In thousands)  

Revenues

   $ 1,517     $ 1,290     $ 2,261     $ 2,658  

Cost of sales

     (370     (285     (498     (532

Operating expenses

     (557     (488     (1,023     (974
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     590       517       740       1,152  

Other operating income, principally gain on termination of timber leases

     —          181       234       181  

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated ventures

     4       6       10       11  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment earnings

   $ 594     $ 704     $ 984     $ 1,344  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenues consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Fiber

   $ 1,232      $ 852      $ 1,566       $ 1,717  

Recreational leases and other

     285        438        695         941  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 1,517      $ 1,290      $ 2,261       $ 2,658  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fiber sold consists of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Pulpwood tons sold

     80,800        70,700        105,200        136,300  

Average pulpwood price per ton

   $ 9.24      $ 9.22      $ 9.46      $ 9.20  

Sawtimber tons sold

     24,900        12,700        29,300        28,200  

Average sawtimber price per ton

   $ 19.46      $ 15.69      $ 19.47      $ 16.40  

Total tons sold

     105,700        83,400        134,500        164,500  

Average price per ton

   $ 11.66      $ 10.21      $ 11.64      $ 10.44  

In first six months 2012, total fiber tons sold decreased principally due to the sale of about 74,000 acres of timberland in 2011. The majority of our fiber sales were to International Paper at market prices.

 

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Information about our recreational leases follows:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Average recreational acres leased

     131,800        197,000        131,400         199,000  

Average price per leased acre

   $ 8.84      $ 8.96      $ 8.82       $ 8.93  

Operating expenses consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Employee compensation and benefits

   $ 273      $ 231      $ 517      $ 468  

Facility and long-term timber lease costs

     116        109        237        227  

Other

     168        148        269        279  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

   $ 557      $ 488      $ 1,023      $ 974  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Items Not Allocated to Segments

Unallocated items represent income and expenses managed on a company-wide basis and include general and administrative expenses, share-based compensation, gain on sale of strategic timberland, interest expense and other corporate non-operating income and expense. General and administrative expenses principally consist of accounting and finance, tax, legal, human resources, internal audit, information technology and our board of directors. These functions support all of our business segments and are not allocated.

General and administrative expenses consist of:

 

     Second Quarter      First Six Months  
     2012      2011      2012      2011  
     (In thousands)  

Professional services

   $ 3,123      $ 3,686      $ 3,965      $ 4,425  

Employee compensation and benefits

     1,770        1,372        3,346        2,827  

Depreciation and amortization

     274        351        573        702  

Insurance costs

     242        289        511        533  

Facility costs

     180        173        378        384  

Other

     1,531        1,210        2,709        2,126  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total general and administrative expenses

   $ 7,120      $ 7,081      $ 11,482      $ 10,997  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Second quarter and first six months 2012 general and administrative expense includes $2,461,000 in transaction costs to outside advisors related to entering into a definitive agreement to acquire CREDO Petroleum Corporation.

Second quarter and first six months 2011 general and administrative expense includes $2,730,000 in costs associated with a proposed private debt offerings that we withdrew as a result of deterioration of terms available to us in the credit markets.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 33 percent in second quarter 2012 and was 32 percent in first six months 2012, which includes a 3 percent benefit for noncontrolling interests. Our effective tax rate was a benefit of 40 percent in second quarter 2011 and a 37 percent benefit in first six months 2011, which included a 2 percent non-cash charge for share–based compensation. In addition, 2012 and 2011 effective tax rates include the effect of state income taxes, nondeductible items and benefits of percentage depletion.

We have not provided a valuation allowance for our federal deferred tax asset because we believe it is likely it will be recoverable in future periods based on considerations including taxable income in prior carryback years, future reversals of existing temporary differences, tax planning strategies and future taxable income. If these sources of income are not sufficient in future periods, we may be required to provide a valuation allowance for our federal deferred tax asset.

 

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Capital Resources and Liquidity

Sources and Uses of Cash

We operate in cyclical industries and our cash flows fluctuate accordingly. Our principal operating cash requirements are for the acquisition and development of real estate, either directly or indirectly through ventures, taxes, interest and compensation. Our principal sources of cash are proceeds from the sale of real estate and timber, the cash flow from minerals and income producing properties, borrowings, and reimbursements from utility and improvement districts. Operating cash flows are affected by the timing of the payment of real estate development expenditures and the collection of proceeds from the eventual sale of the real estate, the timing of which can vary substantially depending on many factors including the size of the project, state and local permitting requirements and availability of utilities, and by the timing of oil and natural gas leasing and production activities. Working capital is subject to operating needs, the timing of sales of real estate and timber, the timing of collection of mineral royalties or mineral lease payments, collection of receivables, reimbursement from utility and improvement districts and the payment of payables and expenses.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Cash flows from our real estate development activities, undeveloped land sales, commercial and income producing properties, timber sales, mineral and recreational leases and reimbursements from utility and improvement districts are classified as operating cash flows.

In first six months 2012, net cash (used for) operating activities was ($11,993,000) as expenditures for real estate development and acquisitions exceeded non-cash real estate cost of sales, principally as result of acquiring real estate assets from CL Realty and Temco for $47,000,000. Subsequent to closing of this acquisition, we received $23,370,000 from the ventures, representing our pro-rata share of distributable cash. Also, we invested an additional $14,341,000 in a 289 unit multifamily property currently under construction in Austin and we paid $10,895,000 in federal and state taxes, net of refunds. We received $24,294,000 in net proceeds from a consolidated venture’s sale of 800 acres in Dallas and $10,934,000 in reimbursements from two new multifamily ventures which represents our venture partners’ pro-rata share of the costs. In first six months 2011, net cash (used for) operating activities was ($33,930,000) which is principally due to our acquisition from a financial institution of a non-performing loan secured by a lien on developed and undeveloped land near Houston for $21,137,000, our investment in undeveloped land in San Antonio, Texas for $7,900,000 and our payment of $7,596,000 in federal and state income taxes, net of refunds.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Capital contributions to and capital distributions from unconsolidated ventures, business acquisitions and investment in oil and natural gas properties and equipment are classified as investing activities. In addition, proceeds from the sale of property and equipment, software costs and expenditures related to reforestation activities are also classified as investing activities.

In first six months 2012, net cash provided by investing activities was $27,796,000 principally due to proceeds from the sale of our 25 percent interest in Palisades West LLC for $32,095,000. In addition, we invested $2,264,000 in oil and natural gas properties and equipment associated with our non-operating working interests and $1,341,000 in property and equipment, software and reforestation and $694,000 in net contributions to unconsolidated ventures. In first six months 2011, net cash (used for) investing activities was ($3,501,000) and is principally related to $2,112,000 invested in oil and gas properties as non-operating working interests, $883,000 in net contributions to unconsolidated ventures and $899,000 in property, equipment, software and reforestation.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

In first six months 2012, net cash provided by financing activities was $11,388,000. Our net increase in borrowings of $11,347,000 was principally used to fund our development activities. In second quarter-end 2012, our outstanding debt decreased by $30,991,000 as a result of a consolidated venture’s sale of 800 acres in Dallas and the buyer’s assumption of the debt. Also, in second quarter 2012, we secured project level financing on a 289 unit multifamily property in Austin with $10,607,000 outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. In first six months 2011, net cash provided by financing activities was $37,780,000 due to net increase in our debt of $39,236,000 principally to fund our expenditures for acquisitions and development.

Liquidity

At second quarter-end 2012, our senior secured credit facility provides for a $130,000,000 term loan maturing August 6, 2015 and a $200,000,000 revolving line of credit maturing August 6, 2014. The term loan and the revolving line of credit may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The revolving line of credit includes a $100,000,000 sublimit for letters of credit, of which $2,558,000 is outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. Total borrowings under our senior secured credit facility (including the face amount of letters of credit) may not exceed a borrowing base formula. Our borrowing base availability is calculated on a monthly basis by applying advance rates of between 35 – 60 percent against base asset values which include timberland, high-value timberland (land in the entitlement process), raw entitled land, land under development, and minerals. All assets included in the borrowing base must be wholly-owned and unencumbered. At second quarter-end 2012, net unused borrowing capacity under our senior secured credit facility is calculated as follows:

 

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     (In thousands)  

Borrowing base availability

   $ 278,065  

Less: borrowings

     (130,000

Less: letters of credit

     (2,558
  

 

 

 

Unused borrowing capacity

   $ 145,507  
  

 

 

 

Our unused borrowing capacity in second quarter 2012 ranged from a high of $162,147,000 to a low of $145,507,000. This facility is used primarily to fund our operating cash needs, which fluctuate due to timing of residential real estate sales, undeveloped land sales, mineral lease bonus payments, timber sales, payment of payables and expenses and capital expenditures.

Our senior secured credit facility and other debt agreements contain financial covenants customary for such agreements including minimum levels of interest coverage and limitations on leverage. At second quarter-end 2012, we were in compliance with the financial covenants of these agreements.

The following table details our compliance with the financial covenants calculated as provided in the senior credit facility:

 

     Requirement     Second
Quarter-End
2012
 

Financial Covenant

    

Interest Coverage Ratio (a)

   ³ 1.05:1.0        7.87:1.0   

Revenues/Capital Expenditures Ratio (b)

   ³ 1.00:1.0        1.59:1.0   

Total Leverage Ratio (c )

   £ 40     27

Net Worth (d)

   > $ 441 million      $ 512 million   

Collateral Value to Loan Commitment Ratio (e )

   ³ 1.50:1.0        1.55 :1.0   

 

(a) 

Calculated as EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization), plus non-cash compensation expense, plus other non-cash expenses, divided by interest expense excluding loan fees. This covenant is applied at the end of each quarter on a rolling four quarter basis.

 

(b) 

Calculated as total gross revenues, plus our pro rata share of the operating revenues from unconsolidated ventures, divided by capital expenditures. Capital expenditures are defined as consolidated development and acquisition expenditures plus our pro rata share of unconsolidated ventures’ development and acquisition expenditures. This covenant is applied at the end of each quarter on a rolling four quarter basis.

 

(c) 

Calculated as total funded debt divided by adjusted asset value. Total funded debt includes indebtedness for borrowed funds, secured liabilities and reimbursement obligations with respect to letters of credit or similar instruments. Adjusted asset value is defined as the sum of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents, timberlands, high value timberlands, raw entitled lands, entitled land under development, minerals business, other real estate owned at book value without regard to any indebtedness and our pro rata share of joint ventures’ book value without regard to any indebtedness. This covenant is applied at the end of each quarter.

 

(d) 

Calculated as the amount by which consolidated total assets exceeds consolidated total liabilities. At second quarter-end 2012, the requirement is $441,000,000, computed as: $441,000,000, plus 85 percent of the aggregate net proceeds received by us from any equity offering, plus 75 percent of all positive net income, on a cumulative basis. This covenant is applied at the end of each quarter.

 

(e) 

Calculated as the total collateral value of timberland, high value timberland and our minerals business, divided by total aggregate loan commitment. This covenant is applied at the end of each quarter.

 

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To make additional investments, acquisitions, or distributions, we must maintain available liquidity equal to the lesser of $35,000,000 or 10% of the aggregate commitments in place. At second quarter-end 2012, the minimum liquidity requirement was $33,000,000, compared with $188,821,000 in actual available liquidity based on the unused borrowing capacity under our senior secured credit facility plus unrestricted cash and cash equivalents. The failure to maintain such minimum liquidity does not constitute a default or event of default of our senior secured credit facility.

In second quarter 2012, we obtained a loan for construction of a 289 unit multifamily project located in Austin which provides up to $19,550,000 in financing. We have two interest rate options on the loan: (i) Base-Rate Option or (ii) LIBOR Option subject to the provisions of construction loan agreement. The Base-Rate Option is a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the sum of the Base-Rate plus 175 basis points. The Base-Rate is equal to the highest of (i) the lender’s prime rate, (ii) the Federal Funds Open Rate plus 50 basis points, and (iii) the Daily LIBOR Rate plus 100 basis points. The LIBOR Option is a rate per annum fixed for the applicable LIBOR interest period equal to the LIBOR plus 225 basis points. The loan has an initial term of 36 months and may be extended for two additional 12-month periods based on certain specified conditions. At second quarter-end 2012, we have $10,607,000 outstanding on this loan.

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

In 2011, we began construction on a 289 unit multifamily project in Austin, Texas in which the estimated cost at completion, including land, is approximately $33,865,000. At second-quarter end 2012, our investment in this project including land and construction in progress is $29,011,000 with an estimated cost to complete construction of $4,854,000.

In second quarter 2012, CJUF III RH Holdings, an equity method venture in which we own a 25 percent interest, obtained a senior secured construction loan in the amount of $23,936,000 to develop a 257 unit multifamily property in downtown Austin. There is no significant balance outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. We have a construction completion guaranty, a repayment guaranty for 20 percent of the principal balance and unpaid accrued interest, and a standard non-recourse carve-out guaranty. The repayment guaranty will reduce from 20 percent to 0 percent upon achievement of certain conditions.

In second quarter 2012, FMF Peakview, an equity method venture in which we own a 20 percent interest, obtained a senior secured construction loan in the amount of $31,550,000 to develop a 304 unit multifamily property in Denver. There is no balance outstanding at second quarter-end 2012. We have a construction completion guaranty, a repayment guaranty for 25 percent of the principal and unpaid accrued interest, and a standard non-recourse carve-out guaranty.

At second quarter-end 2012, we participate in three partnerships that have total assets of $48,885,000 and total liabilities of $79,764,000, which includes $63,481,000 of borrowings classified as current maturities. These partnerships are managed by third parties who intend to extend or refinance these borrowings; however, there is no assurance that this can be done. Although these borrowings are guaranteed by third parties, we may under certain circumstances elect or be required to provide additional equity to these partnerships. We do not believe that the ultimate resolution of these matters will have a significant effect on our earnings or financial position. Our investment in these partnerships is $1,678,000 at second quarter-end 2012. These three partnerships are variable interest entities.

Cibolo Canyons — San Antonio, Texas

Cibolo Canyons consists of the JW Marriott ® San Antonio Hill Country Resort & Spa development owned by third parties and a mixed-use development we own. We have $80,561,000 invested in Cibolo Canyons at second quarter-end 2012.

Resort Hotel, Spa and Golf Development

In 2007, we entered into agreements to facilitate third party construction and ownership of the JW Marriott ® San Antonio Hill Country Resort & Spa, which includes a 1,002 room destination resort and two PGA Tour ® Tournament Players Club ® (TPC) golf courses. Under these agreements, we agreed to transfer to third party owners 700 acres of undeveloped land, to provide $30,000,000 cash and to provide $12,700,000 of other consideration principally consisting of golf course construction materials, substantially all of which has been provided.

In exchange for our commitment to the resort, the third party owners assigned to us certain rights under an agreement between the third party owners and a legislatively created Special Improvement District (SID). This agreement includes the right to receive from the SID 9 percent of hotel occupancy revenues and 1.5 percent of other resort sales revenues collected as taxes by the SID through 2034. The amount we receive will be net of annual ad valorem tax reimbursements by the SID to the third party owners of the resort through 2020. In addition, these payments will be net of debt service, if any, on bonds issued by the SID collateralized by hotel occupancy tax and other resort sales tax through 2034.

The amounts we collect under this agreement are dependent on several factors including the amount of revenues generated by and ad valorem taxes imposed on the resort and the amount of any applicable debt service incurred by the SID. As a result, there is significant uncertainty as to the amount and timing of collections under this agreement. Until these uncertainties are clarified, amounts collected under the agreement will be accounted for as a reduction of our investment in the resort development. The resort began operations on January 22, 2010.

 

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In second quarter 2012, we received $300,000 in reimbursements from the SID. Since inception, we have received $8,206,000 in reimbursements and have accounted for this as a reduction of our investment. At second quarter-end 2012, we have $35,067,000 invested in the resort development.

Mixed-Use Development

The mixed-use development we own consists of 2,100 acres planned to include approximately 1,475 residential lots and 150 commercial acres designated for multifamily and retail uses, of which 705 lots and 68 commercial acres have been sold through second quarter-end 2012.

In 2007, we entered into an agreement with the SID providing for reimbursement of certain infrastructure costs related to the mixed-use development. Reimbursements are subject to review and approval by the SID and unreimbursed amounts accrue interest at 9.75 percent. The SID’s funding for reimbursements is principally derived from its ad valorem tax collections and bond proceeds collateralized by ad valorem taxes, less debt service on these bonds and annual administrative and public service expenses. Through second quarter-end 2012, we have submitted and received approval for reimbursement of approximately $57,322,000 of infrastructure costs and have received reimbursements totaling $22,920,000. In second quarter 2012, we received $400,000 in reimbursements from the SID. At second quarter-end 2012, we have $34,402,000 in approved and pending reimbursements, excluding interest.

Since the amount of each reimbursement is dependent on several factors, including timing of SID approval and the SID having an adequate tax base to generate funds that can be used to reimburse us, there is uncertainty as to the amount and timing of reimbursements under this agreement. We expect to recover our investment from lot and tract sales and reimbursement of approved infrastructure costs from the SID. We have not recognized income from interest due, but not collected. As these uncertainties are clarified, we will modify our accounting accordingly.

At second quarter-end 2012, we have $45,494,000 invested in the mixed-use development.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies or estimates from those disclosed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Recent Accounting Standards

Please read Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

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Statistical and Other Data

A summary of our real estate projects in the entitlement process (a) at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

               Project  

Project

  

County

   Market    Acres (b)  

California

        

Hidden Creek Estates

   Los Angeles    Los Angeles      700    

Terrace at Hidden Hills

   Los Angeles    Los Angeles      30    

Georgia

        

Ball Ground

   Cherokee    Atlanta      500    

Crossing

   Coweta    Atlanta      230    

Fincher Road

   Cherokee    Atlanta      3,890    

Fox Hall

   Coweta    Atlanta      960    

Garland Mountain

   Cherokee/Bartow    Atlanta      350    

Home Place

   Coweta    Atlanta      1,510    

Martin’s Bridge

   Banks    Atlanta      970    

Mill Creek

   Coweta    Atlanta      770    

Serenity

   Carroll    Atlanta      440    

Waleska

   Cherokee    Atlanta      100    

Wolf Creek

   Carroll/Douglas    Atlanta      12,230    

Yellow Creek

   Cherokee    Atlanta      1,060    

Texas

        

Lake Houston

   Harris/Liberty    Houston      3,700    

San Jacinto

   Montgomery    Houston      150    
        

 

 

 

Total

           27,590    
        

 

 

 
        

 

(a) 

A project is deemed to be in the entitlement process when customary steps necessary for the preparation of an application for governmental land-use approvals, like conducting pre-application meetings or similar discussions with governmental officials, have commenced, or an application has been filed. Projects listed may have significant steps remaining, and there is no assurance that entitlements ultimately will be received.

(b) 

Project acres, which are the total for the project regardless of our ownership interest, are approximate. The actual number of acres entitled may vary.

 

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A summary of activity within our projects in the development process, which includes entitled (a), developed and under development real estate projects, at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

                     Residential Lots (c)     Commercial Acres (d)  

Project

  

County

   Market    Interest
Owned  (b)
    Lots Sold
Since
Inception
     Lots
Remaining
    Acres Sold
Since
Inception
     Acres
Remaining  (f)
 

Projects we own

                  

California

                  

San Joaquin River

   Contra Costa/Sacramento    Oakland      100     —           —          —           288    

Colorado

                  

Buffalo Highlands

   Weld    Denver      100     —           164         —           —     

Johnstown Farms

   Weld    Denver      100     140        472         2          

Pinery West

   Douglas    Denver      100     —           —          —           111    

Stonebraker

   Weld    Denver      100     —           603         —           —     

Texas

                  

Arrowhead Ranch

   Hays    Austin      100     —           259         —             

Bar C Ranch

   Tarrant    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     292        907         —           —     

Barrington Kingwood

   Harris    Houston      100     23        157         —           —     

Cibolo Canyons

   Bexar    San Antonio      100     705        770         68        82    

Harbor Lakes

   Hood    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     203        246         2        19    

Hunter’s Crossing

   Bastrop    Austin      100     390        100         38        71    

La Conterra

   Williamson    Austin      100     93        407         —           58    

Maxwell Creek

   Collin    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     769        230         10        —     

Oak Creek Estates

   Comal    San Antonio      100     116        531         13        —     

Summer Creek Ranch

   Tarrant    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     807        467         35        44    

Summer Lakes

   Fort Bend    Houston      100     446        684         56        —     

Summer Park (g)

   Fort Bend    Houston      100     —           210         13        77    

The Colony

   Bastrop    Austin      100     431        718         22        31    

The Preserve at Pecan Creek

   Denton    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     356        438         —             

Village Park

   Collin    Dallas/Fort Worth      100     472        288         3          

Westside at Buttercup Creek

   Williamson    Austin      100     1,387        109         66        —     

Other projects (11)

   Various    Various      100     2,493        170         207        23    

Georgia

                  

Seven Hills

   Paulding    Atlanta      100     646        441         26        113    

The Villages at Burt Creek

   Dawson    Atlanta      100     —           1,715         —           57    

Towne West

   Bartow    Atlanta      100     —           2,674         —           121    

Other projects (17)

   Various    Atlanta      100     1,718        2,976         3        705    

Florida

                  

Other projects (3)

   Various    Tampa      100     708        137         —           —     

Missouri and Utah

                  

Other projects (2)

   Various    Various      100     476        78         —           —     
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
             12,671        15,951         564        1,822    
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Projects in entities we consolidate

                  

Texas

                  

City Park

   Harris    Houston      75 %       1,193        118         50        115    

Lantana

   Denton    Dallas/Fort Worth      55 %(e)      876        1,416         —           —     

Stoney Creek

   Dallas    Dallas/Fort Worth      90 %       129        625         —           —     

Timber Creek

   Collin    Dallas/Fort Worth      88 %       —           614         —           —     

Other projects (3)

   Various    Various      Various        6        203         16        148    

Georgia

                  

The Georgian

   Paulding    Atlanta      75 %       289        1,052         —           —     
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
             2,493        4,028         66        263    
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total owned and consolidated

             15,164        19,979         630        2,085    

Projects in ventures that we account for using the equity method

                  

Texas

                  

Entrada

   Travis    Austin      50 %       —           821         —           —     

Fannin Farms West

   Tarrant    Dallas/Fort Worth      50 %       323        58         —           12    

Harper’s Preserve

   Montgomery    Houston      50 %       123        1,602         —           72    

Lantana

   Denton    Dallas/Fort Worth      Various (e)      1,450        82         16        42    

Long Meadow Farms

   Fort Bend    Houston      37 %       942        853         107        192    

Southern Trails

   Brazoria    Houston      80 %       538        445         —           —     

Stonewall Estates

   Bexar    San Antonio      50 %       295        93         —           —     

Other projects (1)

   Nueces    Corpus Christi      50 %       —           —          —           15    
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
             3,671        3,954         123        333    
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Combined total

             18,835        23,933         753        2,418    
          

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(a) 

A project is deemed entitled when all major discretionary governmental land-use approvals have been received. Some projects may require additional permits or non-governmental authorizations for development.

(b) 

Interest owned reflects our net equity interest in the project, whether owned directly or indirectly. There are some projects that have multiple ownership structures within them. Accordingly, portions of these projects may appear as owned, consolidated or accounted for using the equity method.

(c) 

Lots are for the total project, regardless of our ownership interest. Lots remaining represent vacant developed lots, lots under development and future planned lots and are subject to change based on business plan revisions.

(d) 

Commercial acres are for the total project, regardless of our ownership interest, and are net developable acres, which may be fewer than the gross acres available in the project.

(e) 

The Lantana project consists of a series of 24 partnerships in which our voting interests range from 25 percent to 55 percent. We account for three of these partnerships using the equity method and we consolidate the remaining partnerships.

(f) 

Excludes acres associated with commercial and income producing properties.

(g) 

Formerly Waterford Park.

 

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A summary of our significant commercial and income producing properties at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

Project

  

County

   Market    Interest
Owned (a)
  Type    Acres   

Description

Broadstone Memorial

   Harris    Houston    100%   Multifamily    9    401 unit luxury apartment

Radisson Hotel

   Travis    Austin    100%   Hotel    2    413 guest rooms and suites

Las Brisas

   Williamson    Austin      59%   Multifamily    30    414 unit luxury apartment

Promesa (b) (c)

   Travis    Austin    100%   Multifamily    16    289 unit luxury apartment

Eleven(c)

   Travis    Austin      25%   Multifamily    3    257 unit luxury apartment

360° (c)

   Arapahoe    Denver      20%   Multifamily    4    304 unit luxury apartment

 

(a) 

Interest owned reflects our total interest in the project, whether owned directly or indirectly.

(b) 

Formerly marketed as Ridge at Ribelin Ranch.

(c) 

Under construction. A project is deemed under construction when off-site or on-site staging or construction activities have commenced. Some projects may require additional permits or authorizations prior to commencing certain activities.

A summary of our oil and natural gas mineral interests (a) at second quarter-end 2012 follows:

 

State

   Unleased      Leased (b)      Held By
Production (c)
     Total (d)  
     (Net acres)  

Texas

     196,000        30,000          26,000          252,000    

Louisiana

     120,000        15,000          9,000          144,000    

Georgia

     156,000        —           —           156,000