10-Q 1 stks-20210331x10q.htm 10-Q

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to

Commission File Number 001-37379

THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

    

14-1961545

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

1624 Market Street, Suite 311, Denver, Colorado

 

80202

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Zip Code

646-624-2400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

 

STKS

 

Nasdaq

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  

Accelerated filer  

Non-accelerated filer  

Smaller reporting company  

 

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by a check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No

Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of April 30, 2021: ­­­­­30,164,987



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share information)

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2021

2020

ASSETS

(Unaudited)

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

28,435

$

24,385

Accounts receivable

 

4,628

 

5,777

Inventory

 

2,490

 

2,490

Other current assets

 

2,157

 

1,348

Due from related parties

 

376

 

376

Total current assets

 

38,086

 

34,376

 

  

 

  

Property and equipment, net

 

67,924

 

67,344

Operating lease right-of-use assets

79,830

80,960

Deferred tax assets, net

 

12,877

 

13,226

Intangibles, net

16,110

16,313

Other assets

 

2,595

 

2,446

Security deposits

 

901

 

904

Total assets

$

218,323

$

215,569

 

  

 

  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

7,997

$

7,404

Accrued expenses

 

18,586

 

15,684

Deferred license revenue

 

208

 

207

Deferred gift card revenue and other

 

1,682

 

1,990

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

4,971

4,817

Current portion of CARES Act Loans

 

16,247

 

10,057

Current portion of long-term debt

 

548

 

588

Total current liabilities

 

50,239

 

40,747

 

  

 

  

Deferred license revenue, long-term

 

900

 

953

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

97,373

98,569

CARES Act Loans, net of current portion

 

2,067

 

8,257

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

45,050

 

45,064

Total liabilities

 

195,629

 

193,590

 

  

 

  

Commitments and contingencies

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Stockholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 29,627,482 and 29,083,183 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

3

 

3

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

47,522

 

46,538

Accumulated deficit

 

(20,646)

 

(20,716)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(2,664)

 

(2,646)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

24,215

 

23,179

Noncontrolling interests

 

(1,521)

 

(1,200)

Total equity

 

22,694

 

21,979

Total liabilities and equity

$

218,323

$

215,569

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(Unaudited, in thousands, except loss per share and related share information)

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Revenues:

 

  

 

  

Owned restaurant net revenue

$

49,168

$

38,557

Management, license and incentive fee revenue

 

1,314

2,162

Total revenues

 

50,482

 

40,719

Cost and expenses:

 

  

 

  

Owned operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Owned restaurant cost of sales

 

12,001

10,113

Owned restaurant operating expenses

 

27,906

26,499

Total owned operating expenses

 

39,907

 

36,612

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation of $1,022, and $338 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 respectively)

 

5,174

3,397

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,699

2,440

COVID-19 related expenses

1,557

1,348

Transaction costs

 

1,095

Lease termination expenses

 

187

179

Pre-opening expenses

 

101

Other income, net

 

(1)

Total costs and expenses

 

49,625

 

45,070

Operating income (loss)

 

857

 

(4,351)

Other expenses, net:

 

  

 

  

Interest expense, net of interest income

 

1,246

1,175

Total other expenses, net

 

1,246

 

1,175

Loss before benefit for income taxes

 

(389)

 

(5,526)

Benefit for income taxes

 

(329)

(653)

Net loss

 

(60)

 

(4,873)

Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(130)

(274)

Net income (loss) attributable to The One Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

70

$

(4,599)

Currency translation loss

 

(18)

(44)

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

52

$

(4,643)

 

  

 

  

Net income (loss) attributable to The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc. per share:

 

  

 

  

Basic net income (loss) per share

$

$

(0.16)

Diluted net income (loss) per share

$

$

(0.16)

 

  

 

  

Shares used in computing basic income (loss) per share

 

29,168,576

 

28,636,325

Shares used in computing diluted income (loss) per share

 

32,031,479

 

28,636,325

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Unaudited, in thousands, except share information)

Accumulated

Additional

other

Common stock

paid-in

Accumulated

comprehensive

Stockholders’

Noncontrolling

    

Shares

    

Par value

    

capital

    

deficit

    

loss

    

equity

    

interests

    

Total

Balance at December 31, 2020

 

29,083,183

$

3

$

46,538

$

(20,716)

$

(2,646)

$

23,179

$

(1,200)

$

21,979

Stock-based compensation

 

25,643

 

1,022

 

1,022

 

 

1,022

Exercise of warrants

 

450,971

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common shares, net of tax withholding

 

67,685

 

(154)

 

(154)

 

 

(154)

Purchase of noncontrolling interest

 

 

116

 

116

 

(191)

 

(75)

Loss on foreign currency translation, net

 

 

(18)

 

(18)

 

 

(18)

Net income (loss)

 

 

70

 

70

 

(130)

 

(60)

Balance at March 31, 2021

 

29,627,482

$

3

$

47,522

$

(20,646)

$

(2,664)

$

24,215

$

(1,521)

$

22,694

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

28,603,829

$

3

$

44,853

$

(7,891)

$

(2,651)

$

34,314

$

(402)

$

33,912

Stock-based compensation

 

69,327

338

 

338

 

 

338

Exercise of stock options

 

18,000

38

 

38

 

 

38

Issuance of common shares, net of tax withholding

 

116,644

 

 

 

Loss on foreign currency translation, net

 

(44)

 

(44)

 

 

(44)

Net loss

 

(4,599)

 

(4,599)

 

(274)

 

(4,873)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

28,807,800

$

3

$

45,229

$

(12,490)

$

(2,695)

$

30,047

$

(676)

$

29,371

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, in thousands)

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net loss

$

(60)

$

(4,873)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,699

 

2,440

Stock-based compensation

 

1,022

 

338

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

141

 

108

Deferred taxes

 

349

 

(125)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

  

Accounts receivable

 

1,148

 

5,092

Inventory

 

 

568

Other current assets

 

(809)

 

(958)

Due from related parties

 

 

(35)

Security deposits

 

3

 

(32)

Other assets

 

(164)

 

(807)

Accounts payable

 

392

 

(859)

Accrued expenses

 

2,537

 

(3,560)

Operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets

88

140

Deferred gift card and license revenue

 

(360)

 

(540)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

6,986

 

(3,103)

 

  

 

  

Investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(2,615)

 

(791)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(2,615)

 

(791)

 

  

 

  

Financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Repayments of long-term debt

(40)

(216)

Debt issuance costs

(35)

(48)

Exercise of stock options

 

 

38

Tax-withholding obligation on stock based compensation

 

(154)

 

Purchase of non-controlling interests

 

(75)

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(304)

 

(226)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

(17)

 

(64)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

4,050

 

(4,184)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

24,385

 

12,344

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

28,435

$

8,160

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow data:

 

  

 

  

Interest paid

$

1,022

$

704

Income taxes paid

 

 

85

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


THE ONE GROUP HOSPITALITY, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Note 1 – Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Business

The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) is a global hospitality company that develops, owns and operates, manages and licenses upscale and polished casual, high-energy restaurants and lounges and provides turn-key food and beverage (“F&B”) services for hospitality venues including hotels, casinos and other high-end locations. Turn-key F&B services are food and beverage services that can be scaled, customized and implemented by the Company for the client at a particular hospitality venue. The Company’s primary restaurant brands are STK, a multi-unit steakhouse concept that combines a high-energy, social atmosphere with the quality and service of a traditional upscale steakhouse, and Kona Grill, a polished casual bar-centric grill concept featuring American favorites, award-winning sushi, and specialty cocktails in a polished casual atmosphere.

As of March 31, 2021 the Company owned, operated, managed or licensed 54 venues, including 20 STKs and 24 Kona Grills in major metropolitan cities in North America, Europe and the Middle East and 10 F&B venues in five hotels and casinos in the United States and Europe. In January 2021, a managed STK restaurant in Scottsdale, Arizona was opened. For those restaurants that are managed or licensed, the Company generates management fees based on top-line revenues and incentive fee revenue based on a percentage of the location’s revenues and profits.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the Company’s business due to state and local government mandates, including suspension of in-person dining, reduced seating capacity and social distancing. Beginning in mid-March 2020, the Company experienced a significant reduction in guest traffic due to government mandated restrictions resulting in the temporary closure of several restaurants and the shift in operations to provide only take-out and delivery service. Starting in May 2020, state and local governments began easing restrictions on stay-at-home orders; however, certain states reimposed restrictions as COVID-19 cases increased during the fall of 2020. In February 2021, many jurisdictions began easing restrictions once again. Currently, all domestic restaurants are open for in-person dining with seating capacity restrictions in major metropolitan markets. The Company has taken significant steps to adapt its business to increase sales while providing a safe environment for guests and employees, which resulted in a significant increase in revenues during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the fourth quarter of 2020.

Given the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company cannot reasonably predict when our restaurants will be able to return to normal dining room operations. The Company’s results of operations could be materially and negatively affected by COVID-19 in 2021. The Company’s resumption of normal dining operations is subject to events beyond our control, including the effectiveness of governmental efforts to halt the spread of COVID-19.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual audited financial statements have been omitted pursuant to SEC rules and regulations. These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

In the Company’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited interim financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. Additionally, the Company believes that the disclosures are sufficient for interim financial reporting purposes.

Prior Period Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications of the 2020 amounts in the segment reporting footnote have been made to conform to the current year presentation.

7


Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2020, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants in conjunction with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) developed Technical Question and Answer (“TQA”) 3200.18, “Borrower Accounting for a Forgivable Loan Received Under the Small Business Administration Paycheck Protection Program”, which is intended to provide clarification on how to account for loans received from the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). TQA 3200.18 states that an entity may account for PPP loans under ASC 470, “Debt” or, if the entity is expected to meet PPP eligibility criteria and the PPP loan is expected to be forgiven, the entity may account for the loans under IAS 20, “Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance”. Although the Company anticipates forgiveness of the entire amount of the CARES Act Loans, no assurances can be provided that the Company will obtain forgiveness of the CARES Act Loans in whole or in part. Therefore, the Company has elected to account for PPP loan proceeds under ASC 470 as allowed by TQA 3200.18.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” ASU 2020-04 provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to ease financial reporting burdens related to applying current GAAP to modifications of contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions in connection with the transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01 to clarify that certain optional expedients and exceptions apply to modifications of derivative contracts and certain hedging relationships affected by changes in the interest rates used for discounting cash flows, computing variation margin settlements, and for calculating price alignment interest. ASU 2020-04 is effective beginning on March 12, 2020 and may be applied prospectively to such transactions through December 31, 2022. ASU 2021-01 is effective beginning on January 7, 2021 and may be applied retrospectively or prospectively to such transactions through December 31, 2022. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2020-04 and ASU 2021-01 on its financial statements.

In December 2019, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” (“ASU 2019-12”) which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Accounting Standard Codification Topic 740, Income Taxes, and it clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. We adopted ASU No. 2019-12 on January 1, 2021 and it did not have a significant impact to the consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This update requires companies to measure credit losses utilizing a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires a consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to estimate credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for smaller reporting companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on its financial statements.

Note 2 – Property and Equipment, net

Property and equipment, net consist of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31, 

2021

2020

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

$

22,996

$

22,328

Leasehold improvements

 

71,960

 

71,654

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(33,009)

 

(30,948)

Subtotal

 

61,947

 

63,034

Construction in progress

 

3,961

 

2,294

Restaurant smallwares

 

2,016

 

2,016

Total

$

67,924

$

67,344

Depreciation related to property and equipment was $2.5 million and $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company does not depreciate construction in progress, assets not yet put into service or restaurant smallwares.

8


Note 3 – Intangibles, net

Intangibles, net consists of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Kona Grill tradename

$

17,400

$

17,400

Indefinite-lived intangible assets

15

Less: accumulated amortization

 

(1,305)

 

(1,087)

Total intangibles, net

$

16,110

$

16,313

The Kona Grill trade name is amortized using the straight-line method over its estimated useful life of 20 years. Amortization expense was $0.2 million for the three months ending March 31, 2021 and 2020. The Company’s estimated aggregate amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years is approximately $0.9 million annually.

Note 4 – Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31, 

2021

2020

Payroll and related (1)

$

6,852

 

$

4,860

Amounts due to landlords

1,541

1,883

Accrued lease exit costs (2)

4,144

4,144

VAT and sales taxes

1,610

 

1,119

Legal, professional and other services

 

807

462

Interest

553

474

Insurance

 

206

 

330

Other

 

2,873

 

2,412

Total

$

18,586

$

15,684

(1)Payroll and related includes $2.6 million in employer payroll taxes at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 for which payment has been deferred under the CARES Act.
(2)Amount relates to lease exit costs for restaurants never built and still under dispute with landlords.

Note 5 – Long-Term Debt and CARES Act Loans

Long-term debt consists of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 

December 31, 

2021

2020

Term loan agreements

$

47,280

$

47,400

Revolving credit facility

Equipment financing agreements

 

68

 

108

Total long-term debt

 

47,348

 

47,508

Less: current portion of long-term debt

 

(548)

 

(588)

Less: debt issuance costs

 

(1,750)

 

(1,856)

Total long-term debt, net of current portion

$

45,050

$

45,064

Interest expense for all the Company’s debt arrangements, excluding the amortization of debt issuance costs and other discounts and fees, was $1.1 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had $1.3 million in standby letters of credit outstanding for certain restaurants and $10.7 million available in its revolving credit facility, subject to certain conditions.

9


Credit and Guaranty Agreement

On October 4, 2019, in conjunction with the acquisition of Kona Grill, the Company entered into a credit and guaranty agreement with Goldman Sachs Bank USA (“Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for a secured revolving credit facility of $12.0 million and a $48.0 million term loan. The term loan is payable in quarterly installments, with the final payment due in October 2024. The revolving credit facility also matures in October 2024.

On May 4, 2020, Goldman Sachs Bank USA (“GSB”), as administrative agent, collateral agent and lead arranger under the Credit Agreement, (1) consented to the CARES Act Loans described below and (2) agreed that the amount of the CARES Act Loans will not be counted toward the permitted amount of Consolidated Total Debt, as defined under the Credit Agreement, to the extent the amounts are retained as cash during the term of the CARES Act Loans in a segregated deposit account or used for purposes that are forgivable under the CARES Act, provided that the proceeds of the CARES Act Loans must be used only for “allowable uses” under the CARES Act (with at least 75% of the utilized proceeds to be used for purposes that result in the CARES Act Loans being eligible for forgiveness) or used for the repayment of the CARES Act Loans.

On May 8, 2020 and August 10, 2020, GSB and the Company and certain of its subsidiaries amended the Credit Agreement. A summary of the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement, as amended, is as follows:

The minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio is (i) eliminated for the balance of 2020 and 2021; and (ii) 1.50 to 1.00 as of any fiscal quarter thereafter;
A maximum consolidated Net Leverage Ratio of (i) 2.85 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2020, (ii) 3.60 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2020, (iii) 3.10 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2021, (iv) 2.10 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarters ending June 30, 2021 and September 30, 2021, (v) 1.90 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2021, and (vi) maximum consolidated Leverage Ratio of 1.50 to 1.00 as of the end of any fiscal quarter thereafter. For purposes of calculating this ratio for the first four quarters, the agreement provides for a pro forma adjustment to reflect one full year of Kona Grill operations. In addition, the consolidated net leverage ratio reduces the Company’s debt by its cash and cash equivalents. The consolidated leverage ratio has no such reductions;
Maximum consolidated capital expenditures not to exceed (i) $7,000,000 in each of 2020 and 2021, and (ii) $8,000,000 in every fiscal year thereafter; and,
Minimum consolidated liquidity of not less than (i) $4,000,000 for the remainder of 2020 and 2021, and (ii) $1,500,000 at any time thereafter.

The Company’s ability to borrow under its revolving credit facility is dependent on several factors. The Company’s total borrowings cannot exceed a leverage incurrence multiple of (i) 2.25 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarters ending September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020, (ii) 2.00 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2021, (iii) 1.75 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2021, (iv) 1.70 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2021, (v) 1.65 to 1.00 as of the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2021, and (vi) 1.50 to 1.00 as of the end of any fiscal quarter thereafter. In addition, after giving effect to any new borrowings under the revolving credit facility, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents cannot exceed $4,000,000.

The Credit Agreement has several borrowing and interest rate options, including the following: (a) a LIBOR rate (or a comparable successor rate) subject to a 1.75% floor; or (b) a base rate equal to the greatest of (i) the prime rate, (ii) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (iii) the LIBOR rate for a one-month period plus 1.00%, or (iv) 4.75%. Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate per annum using the applicable indices plus a varying interest rate margin of between 5.75% and 6.75% (for LIBOR rate loans) and 4.75% and 5.75% (for base rate loans). The Company’s weighted average interest rate on the borrowings under the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was 8.50% and 8.50%, respectively.

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and conditions to borrowing including customary affirmative and negative covenants, which include covenants that limit or restrict the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness and other obligations, grant liens to secure obligations, make investments, merge or consolidate, alter the organizational structure of the Company and its subsidiaries, and dispose of assets outside the ordinary course of business, in each case subject to customary exceptions for credit facilities of this size and type.

The Company and certain operating subsidiaries of the Company guarantee the obligations under the Credit Agreement, which also are secured by liens on substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries.

The Company has incurred approximately $2.5 million of debt issuance costs related to the Credit Agreement, which were capitalized and are recorded as a direct deduction to the long-term debt, net of current portion, on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with the covenants required by the Credit Agreement.

10


Equipment Financing Agreements

On June 5, 2015 and August 16, 2016, the Company entered into financing agreements with Sterling National Bank for $1.0 million and $0.7 million, respectively, to purchase equipment for the STKs in Orlando, Chicago, San Diego, and Denver. Each of these financing agreements has five-year terms and bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum, payable in equal monthly installments.

CARES Act Loans

On May 4, 2020, two subsidiaries of the Company entered into promissory notes (“CARES Act Loans”) with BBVA USA under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) created by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). Repayment of the CARES Act Loans is guaranteed by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). The ONE Group, LLC received a loan of $9.8 million related to the operations of STK restaurants, and Kona Grill Acquisition, LLC received a loan of $8.5 million related to the operation of Kona Grill restaurants.

The CARES Act Loans are scheduled to mature on April 28, 2022 and have a 1.00% interest rate and are subject to the terms and conditions applicable to PPP loans. Among other terms, BBVA USA may declare a default of the CARES Act Loans if the SBA disputes the validity of the guaranty of indebtedness, if a material adverse change occurs in the Company’s financial condition, or if BBVA USA believes the prospect of repayment of the CARES Act Loans or performance of obligations under the promissory notes is impaired. On an event of default, BBVA USA may declare principal and unpaid interest immediately due and payable, and it may charge default interest of 10%.

The CARES Act Loans are eligible for forgiveness if the proceeds are used for qualified purposes within a specified period and if at least 60% is spent on payroll costs. The Company has used all of the proceeds from the CARES Act Loans for qualified purposes in accordance with the CARES Act and SBA regulations, and these funds have supported the re-opening of in person dining and the return of approximately 3,000 furloughed employees to work. The Company applied for forgiveness of the CARES Act Loans in February 2021. The Company anticipates forgiveness of the entire amount of CARES Act Loans; however, no assurance can be provided that the Company will obtain forgiveness of the CARES Act Loans in whole or in part. Therefore, the Company has elected to classify the entire principal amount of the CARES Act Loans as debt. If repayment is required, principal and interest payments are expected to be repaid beginning in August 2021, ten months after the end of the covered period which was from April 2020 to October 2020.

Note 6 – Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventory, accounts payable and accrued expenses are carried at cost, which approximates fair value due to their short maturities. Long-lived assets are measured and disclosed at fair value on a nonrecurring basis if an impairment is identified. There were no long-lived assets measured at fair value as of March 31, 2021.

The Company’s long-term debt, including the current portion, is carried at cost on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Fair value of long-term debt, including the current portion, is estimated based on Level 2 inputs, except the amount outstanding on the revolving credit facility for which the carrying value approximates fair value. Fair value is determined by discounting future cash flows using interest rates available for issuers with similar terms and maturities.

Note 7 – Bagatelle

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company owned interests in the following companies, which directly or indirectly operate a restaurant:

31.24% interest in Bagatelle NY LA Investors, LLC (“Bagatelle Investors”)
51.13% aggregate interest, held directly and indirectly through other entities, in Bagatelle Little West 12th, LLC (“Bagatelle NY”)

Bagatelle Investors is a holding company that has an interest in Bagatelle NY. The Company records its retained interests in Bagatelle Investors and Bagatelle NY as investments as the Company has determined that it does not have the ability to exercise significant influence over its investees, Bagatelle Investors and Bagatelle NY. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has zero carrying value in these investments.

11


Net receivables from the Bagatelle entities included in due from related parties, net were $0.4 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. These receivables represent the Company’s maximum exposure to loss. Upon expiration of the lease in November 2020, the Company exited its contract with Bagatelle.

Note 8 – Income taxes

Income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are recorded at the Company’s estimated annual effective income tax rate, subject to adjustments for discrete events, should they occur. The Company’s effective income tax rate was 84.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to 11.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The Company’s annualized effective tax rate is estimated at approximately 20.8% for 2021. The Company’s projected annual effective tax rate differs from the statutory U.S. tax rate of 21% primarily due to the following: (i) tax credits for FICA taxes on certain employees’ tips (ii) taxes owed in foreign jurisdictions such as the United Kingdom, Canada and Italy; (iii) taxes owed in state and local jurisdictions; and (iv) the tax effect of non-deductible compensation. Income tax benefit recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2021 also included the discrete period tax benefits resulting from the vesting of restricted stock units.

The CARES Act includes provisions allowing for the carryback of net operating losses generated for specific periods and technical amendments regarding the expensing of qualified improvement property. The CARES Act also allows for the deferral of the employer-paid portion of social security taxes, which the Company has elected to defer.

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and the various states and local jurisdictions in which it operates. Tax regulations within each jurisdiction are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by the federal, state, local and foreign taxing authorities.

Note 9 – Revenue from contracts with customers

The following table provides information about contract receivables and liabilities from contracts with customers, which include deferred license revenue, deferred gift card revenue and the Konavore rewards program (in thousands):

    

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

2021

2020

Receivables (1)

$

125

$

125

Deferred license revenue (2)

$

1,108

$

1,160

Deferred gift card and gift certificate revenue (3)

$

1,429

$

1,945

Konavore rewards program (4)

$

110

$

102


(1)Receivables are included in accounts receivable on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)Includes the current and long-term portion of deferred license revenue.
(3)Deferred gift card revenue is included in deferred gift card revenue and other on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(4)Konavore rewards program is included in accrued expenses on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Significant changes in deferred license revenue and deferred gift card revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

    

March 31, 

    

March 31, 

2021

2020

Revenue recognized from deferred license revenue

$

52

$

52

Revenue recognized from deferred gift card revenue

$

587

$

746

The estimated deferred license revenue to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied as of March 31, 2021 were as follows for each year ending (in thousands):

2021, nine months remaining

    

$

155

2022

 

180

2023

 

169

2024

 

134

2025

 

133

Thereafter

 

337

Total future estimated deferred license revenue

$

1,108

12


Note 10 – Leases

The components of lease expense for the period were as follows (in thousands):

March 31, 

 

March 31, 

 

2021

 

2020

 

Lease cost

Operating lease cost

 

$

3,298

 

$

3,297

Variable lease cost

767

1,156

Short-term lease cost

138

128

Sublease income

(135)

Total lease cost

 

$

4,203

 

$

4,446

Weighted average remaining lease term – operating leases

12 years

13 years

Weighted average discount rate – operating leases

8.09

%

8.49

%

Due to the negative effects of COVID-19, the Company implemented measures to reduce its costs, including negotiations with landlords regarding rent concessions. The Company is in ongoing discussions with landlords regarding rent obligations, including deferrals, abatements, and/or restructuring of rent. As the rent concessions received and currently being contemplated do not result in a significant increase in cash payments, the Company has elected to account for these concessions as a variable lease payment in accordance with ASC Topic 842. The Company’s right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities have not been remeasured for lease concessions received. Variable lease cost is comprised of percentage rent and common area maintenance, offset by rent concessions received as a result of COVID-19.

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the period was as follows (in thousands):

March 31, 

March 31, 

2021

2020

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities

 

$

2,514

 

$

3,161

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations

 

$

 

$

288

As of March 31, 2021, maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities are as follows (in thousands):

2021, nine months remaining

$

10,066

2022

13,232

2023

13,531

2024

12,927

2025

11,893

Thereafter

112,866

Total lease payments

174,515

Less: imputed interest

(72,171)

Present value of operating lease liabilities

 

$

102,344

For the nine months remaining in 2021, the Company’s operating lease liabilities does not include future rent abatements that have been or will be negotiated with landlords.

13


Note 11 – Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period and income available to common stockholders. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus the dilutive effect of all potential shares of common stock including common stock issuable pursuant to stock options, warrants, and restricted stock units.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the income (loss) per share was calculated as follows (in thousands, except loss per share and related share data):

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Net income (loss) attributable to The One Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

70

$

(4,599)

 

  

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

 

29,168,576

 

28,636,325

Dilutive effect of stock options, warrants and restricted share units

 

2,862,903

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

32,031,479

 

28,636,325

 

  

 

  

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders per share - Basic

$

$

(0.16)

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders per share - Diluted

$

$

(0.16)

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 0.3 million and 2.1 million stock options, warrants and restricted share units were determined to be anti-dilutive and were therefore excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share, respectively.

Note 12 – Stock-Based Compensation and Warrants

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had 704,668 remaining shares available for issuance under the 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (“2019 Equity Plan”).

Stock-based compensation cost for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was $1.0 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Stock-based compensation is included in general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Included in stock-based compensation cost was $0.1 million and $0.1 million of stock granted to directors for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Such grants were awarded consistent with the Board of Director’s compensation practices. In addition, stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $0.3 million of compensation costs for the vesting of market condition based options and RSUs.

Stock Option Activity

Stock options in the table below includes both time based and market condition based awards. Changes in stock options during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:

Weighted

Weighted

average

Intrinsic

average exercise

remaining

value

    

Shares

    

price

    

contractual life

    

(thousands)

Outstanding at December 31, 2020

 

2,286,410

$

3.29

 

4.97 years

$

1,879

Exercisable at December 31, 2020

 

1,443,675

$

3.57

 

4.68 years

$

1,112

Granted

 

 

 

  

 

  

Exercised

 

 

 

  

 

  

Cancelled, expired or forfeited

 

 

 

  

 

  

Outstanding at March 31, 2021

 

2,286,410

$

3.29

 

4.72 years

$

9,590

Exercisable at March 31, 2021

 

2,045,743

$

3.41

 

4.54 years

$

8,323

14


A summary of the status of the Company’s non-vested stock options as of December 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021 and changes during the three months then ended, is presented below:

Weighted average

    

Shares

    

grant date fair value

Non-vested stock options at December 31, 2020

 

263,333

$

0.99

Vested

 

(22,667)

 

1.55

Non-vested stock options at March 31, 2021

 

240,666

$

0.94

The fair value of options that vested in the three months ended March 31, 2021 was less than $0.1 million. As of March 31, 2021, there is $0.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested awards, which will be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years.

Restricted Stock Unit Activity

The Company issues restricted stock units (“RSUs”) under the 2019 Equity Plan. The fair value of these RSUs is determined based upon the closing fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the grant date.

A summary of the status of RSUs and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021 is presented below:

Weighted average

    

Shares

    

grant date fair value

Non-vested RSUs at December 31, 2020

 

1,871,592

$

1.68

Granted

 

421,381

 

5.09

Vested

 

(910,540)

 

1.75

Cancelled, expired or forfeited

 

(12,000)

 

2.50

Non-vested RSUs at March 31, 2021

 

1,370,433

$

2.73

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had approximately $3.2 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to RSUs, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.4 years.

Warrants

As of December 31, 2020, there were 865,000 warrants available to be exercised at exercise prices ranging from $1.63 to $2.61. During the first quarter of 2021, the Company issued 450,971 shares in connection with the cashless exercise by Anson Investments Master Fund LP of 640,000 warrants. As of March 31, 2021, there were 225,000 warrants available to be exercised. In April 2021, the Company issued 100,000 shares to 22235570 Ontario Limited in connection with its exercise of a warrant for aggregate consideration of $261,000.

15


Note 13 – Segment Reporting

In the fourth quarter of 2019, in conjunction with the Kona Grill acquisition, the Company implemented certain organizational changes, including the reorganization of the Company’s internal reporting structure to better facilitate its strategy for growth and operational efficiency. As a result of these organizational changes, the Company has identified its reportable operating segments as follows:

STK. The STK segment consists of the results of operations from STK restaurant locations, competing in the full-service dining industry, as well as management, license and incentive fee revenue generated from the STK brand and operations of STK restaurant locations.
Kona Grill. The Kona Grill segment includes the results of operations of Kona Grill restaurant locations.
ONE Hospitality. The ONE Hospitality segment is composed of the management, license and incentive fee revenue and results of operations generated from the Company’s other brands and venue concepts, which include ANGEL, Heliot, Hideout, Marconi, and Radio. Additionally, this segment includes the results of operations generated from F&B hospitality management agreements with hotels, casinos and other high-end locations.
Corporate. The Corporate segment consists of the following: general and administrative costs, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, acquisition related gains and losses, lease termination expenses, transaction costs, COVID-19 related expenses and other income and expenses. This segment also includes STK Meat Market, an e-commerce platform that offers signature steak cuts nationwide, the Company’s major off-site events group, which supports all brands and venue concepts, and revenue generated from gift card programs.

The Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who is the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker, manages the business and allocates resources via a combination of restaurant sales reports and operating segment profit information, defined as revenues less operating expenses, related to the Company’s four operating segments.

Certain financial information relating to the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 for each segment is provided below (in thousands). Prior year amounts have been revised to conform to the current year segment presentation.

    

STK

    

Kona Grill

    

ONE Hospitality

    

Corporate

    

Total

For the three months ended March 31, 2021

Total revenues

 

$

24,691

 

$

25,577

 

$

33

 

$

181

$

50,482

Operating income (loss)

$

5,596

$

2,450

$

(321)

$

(6,868)

$

857

Capital asset additions

$

1,476

$

529

$

15

$

595

$

2,615

As of March 31, 2021

Total assets

$

82,198

$

97,631

$

4,901

$

33,593

$

218,323

STK

    

Kona Grill

    

ONE Hospitality

    

Corporate

    

Total

For the three months ended March 31, 2020

Total revenues

$

19,051

$

20,657

$

924

$

87

$

40,719

Operating income (loss)

$

2,291

$

(339)

$

73

$

(6,376)

$

(4,351)

Capital asset additions

$

335

$

410

$

8

$

38

$

791

As of December 31, 2020

Total assets

$

81,431

$

96,262

$

5,484

$

32,392

$

215,569

Note 14 – Geographic Information

Certain financial information by geographic location is provided below (in thousands).

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Domestic revenues

 

$

50,288

 

$

39,977

International revenues

 

194

 

742

Total revenues

$

50,482

$

40,719

March 31, 

December 31, 

2021

2020

Domestic long-lived assets

 

$

179,972

 

$

180,935

International long-lived assets

 

266

 

258

Total long-lived assets

$

180,238

$

181,193

16


Note 15 – Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is party to claims in lawsuits incidental to its business, including lease disputes and employee-related matters. In the opinion of management, the ultimate outcome of such matters and judgments, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and certain information incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date thereof and involve risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These risk and uncertainties include the risk factors discussed under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. A number of factors could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to: (1) the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, including government restrictions on our ability to operate our restaurants and changes in customer behavior, and our ability to re-hire employees; (2) our ability to open new restaurants and food and beverage locations in current and additional markets, grow and manage growth profitably, maintain relationships with suppliers and obtain adequate supply of products and retain our key employees; (3) factors beyond our control that affect the number and timing of new restaurant openings, including weather conditions and factors under the control of landlords, contractors and regulatory and/or licensing authorities; (4) our ability to successfully improve performance and cost, realize the benefits of our marketing efforts and achieve improved results as we focus on developing new management and license deals; (5) changes in applicable laws or regulations; (6) the possibility that The ONE Group may be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors; and (7) other risks and uncertainties. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “appears,” “suggests,” “future,” “likely,” “goal,” “plans,” “potential,” “projects,” “predicts,” “should,” “targets,” “would,” “will” and similar expressions that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes.  You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required under applicable law.

General

This information should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes, and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

As used in this report, the terms “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us,” refer to The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, taken as a whole, unless the context otherwise indicates.

Business Summary

We are a global hospitality company that develops, owns and operates, manages and licenses upscale and polished casual, high-energy restaurants and lounges and provides turn-key food and beverage (“F&B”) services for hospitality venues including hotels, casinos and other high-end locations. Turn-key F&B services are food and beverage services that can be scaled, customized and implemented by us for the client at a particular hospitality venue. Our vision is to be a global market leader in the hospitality industry by melding high-quality service, ambiance, high-energy and cuisine into one great experience that we refer to as “Vibe Dining”. We design all our restaurants, lounges and F&B services to create a social dining and high-energy entertainment experience within a destination location. We believe that this design and operating philosophy separates us from more traditional restaurant and foodservice competitors.

Our primary restaurant brands are STK, a multi-unit steakhouse concept that combines a high-energy, social atmosphere with the quality and service of a traditional upscale steakhouse, and Kona Grill, a polished casual bar-centric grill concept featuring American

17


favorites, award-winning sushi, and specialty cocktails in a polished casual atmosphere. Our F&B hospitality management services include developing, managing and operating restaurants, bars, rooftop lounges, pools, banqueting and catering facilities, private dining rooms, room service and mini bars tailored to the specific needs of high-end hotels and casinos. Our F&B hospitality clients operate global hospitality brands such as the W Hotel, Hippodrome Casino, and ME Hotels.

We opened our first restaurant in January 2004 in New York, New York, and, as of March 31, 2021, we owned, operated, managed or licensed 54 venues including 20 STKs and 24 Kona Grills in major metropolitan cities in North America, Europe and the Middle East and 10 F&B venues in five hotels and casinos in the United States and Europe. In January 2021, we opened a managed STK restaurant in Scottsdale, Arizona. For those restaurants and venues that are managed or licensed, we generate management fees based on top-line revenues and incentive fee revenue based on a percentage of the location’s revenues and net profits.

The table below reflects our venues by restaurant brand and geographic location as of March 31, 2021:

Venues

    

STK(1)

    

Kona Grill

    

ONE Hospitality(2)

    

Total

Domestic

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Owned

 

10

 

24

 

2

 

36

Managed

 

2

 

 

 

2

Licensed

 

1

 

 

 

1

Total domestic

 

13

 

24

 

2

 

39

International

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Owned

 

 

 

 

Managed

 

3

 

 

8

 

11

Licensed

 

4

 

 

 

4

Total international

 

7

 

 

8

 

15

Total venues

 

20

 

24

 

10

 

54

(1)Locations with an STK and STK Rooftop are considered one venue location. This includes the STK Rooftop in San Diego, CA, which is a licensed location.
(2)Includes concepts under the Company’s F&B hospitality management agreements and other venue brands such as ANGEL, Heliot, Hideout, Marconi and Radio.

Our Growth Strategies and Outlook

Our growth model is primarily driven by the following:

Expansion of our STK restaurants
Expansion through New F&B Hospitality Projects
Increase Same Store Sales and Increase Operating Efficiency
Acquisitions

We intend to open thirteen new venues between 2021 and 2022. There are currently three STKs and four managed F&B restaurants under construction. As our footprint increases, we expect to benefit by leveraging system-wide operating efficiencies and best practices through the management of our general and administrative expenses as a percentage of overall revenue.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the Company’s business due to state and local government mandates, including suspension of in-person dining, reduced seating capacity and social distancing. Beginning in mid-March 2020, the Company experienced a significant reduction in guest traffic due to government mandated restrictions resulting in the temporary closure of several restaurants and the shift in operations to provide only take-out and delivery service. Starting in May 2020, state and local governments began easing restrictions on stay-at-home orders; however, certain states reimposed restrictions as COVID-19 cases increased during the fall of 2020. In February 2021, many jurisdictions began easing restrictions once again. Currently, all domestic restaurants are open for in-person dining with seating capacity restrictions in major metropolitan markets. The Company has taken significant steps to adapt its business to increase sales while providing a safe environment for guests and employees, which resulted in a significant increase in revenues during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the fourth quarter of 2020.

Given the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, we cannot reasonably predict when our restaurants will be able to return to normal dining room operations. Our results of operations could be materially and negatively

18


affected by COVID-19 in 2021. Our resumption of normal dining operations is subject to events beyond our control, including the effectiveness of governmental efforts to halt the spread of COVID-19.

Executive Summary

Total revenue increased $9.8 million, or 24.0% to $50.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $40.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 primarily due to strong sales momentum as state and local governments continue to ease seating capacity restrictions in the markets in which we operate. Same-store sales increased 23.5% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020 as starting in mid-March 2020 restaurants were temporarily closed or operated only with take-out and delivery service due to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Same store sales improved sequentially each month in the first quarter of 2021. STK same store sales for the months of January and February decreased 23.2% and 1.7%, respectively, and increased 181.5% in March. Kona Grill same-store sales decreased 1.4% and 0.3% for the months of January and February, respectively, and increased 126.8% for the month of March 2021. On a two-year basis, same store sales for the first quarter of 2021 increased 3.3% compared to the first quarter of 2019. STK same store sales increased 1.9% on a two-year basis while Kona Grill same store sales increased 4.6%.

Restaurant operating profit increased $7.3 million, or 376%, to $9.3 million for the first quarter of 2021 compared to $1.9 million in the first quarter of 2020. Restaurant operating profit as a percentage of owned restaurant net revenue was 18.8% compared to 5.0% in the first quarter of 2020. On a sequential basis, restaurant operating profit as a percentage of owned restaurant net revenue was 16.6% in the third quarter of 2020, 16.0% in the fourth quarter of 2020 and 18.8% in the first quarter of 2021.

We generated operating income of $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to an operating loss of $4.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily driven by strong sales momentum aided by increased seating capacity in our restaurants as state and local governments eased seating capacity restrictions as COVID-19 cases decreased and vaccination efforts increased along with increased restaurant operating profit as a percentage of revenue driven by strong cost discipline. We expect to see continued sales momentum as seating capacity restrictions are lifted and as consumers continue to return to in-person dining.

19


Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain statements of operations data for the periods indicated (in thousands):

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Revenues:

 

  

 

  

Owned restaurant net revenue

$

49,168

$

38,557

Management, license and incentive fee revenue

 

1,314

 

2,162

Total revenues

 

50,482

 

40,719

Cost and expenses:

 

  

 

  

Owned operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Owned restaurant cost of sales

 

12,001

10,113

Owned restaurant operating expenses

 

27,906

 

26,499

Total owned operating expenses

 

39,907

 

36,612

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation of $1,022, and $338 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 respectively)

 

5,174

3,397

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,699

2,440

COVID-19 related expenses

1,557

1,348

Transaction costs

 

1,095

Lease termination expenses

 

187

179

Pre-opening expenses

 

101

Other income, net

 

(1)

Total costs and expenses

 

49,625

 

45,070

Operating income (loss)

 

857

 

(4,351)

Other expenses, net:

 

  

 

  

Interest expense, net of interest income

 

1,246

1,175

Total other expenses, net

 

1,246

 

1,175

Loss before benefit for income taxes

 

(389)

 

(5,526)

Benefit for income taxes

 

(329)

 

(653)

Net loss

 

(60)

 

(4,873)

Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(130)

 

(274)

Net income (loss) attributable to The One Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

70

$

(4,599)

20


The following table sets forth certain statements of operations data as a percentage of total revenues for the periods indicated. Certain percentage amounts may not sum to total due to rounding.

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

2020

Revenues:

  

Owned restaurant net revenue

 

97.4 %

94.7 %

Management, license and incentive fee revenue

 

2.6 %

5.3 %

Total revenues

 

100.0 %

100.0 %

Cost and expenses:

 

Owned operating expenses:

 

Owned restaurant cost of sales (1)

24.4 %

26.2 %

Owned restaurant operating expenses (1)

56.8 %

68.7 %

Total owned operating expenses (1)

81.2 %

95.0 %

General and administrative (including stock-based compensation of 2% and 0.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 respectively)

 

10.2 %

8.3 %

Depreciation and amortization

 

5.3 %

6.0 %

COVID-19 related expenses

 

3.1 %

3.3 %

Transaction costs

 

—%

2.7 %

Lease termination expenses

 

0.4 %

0.4 %

Pre-opening expenses

 

0.2 %

—%

Other income, net

 

—%

—%

Total costs and expenses

 

98.3 %

110.7 %

Operating income (loss)

 

1.7 %

(10.7)%

Other expenses, net:

 

Interest expense, net of interest income

 

2.5 %

2.9 %

Total other expenses, net

2.5 %

2.9 %

Loss before benefit for income taxes

 

(0.8)%

(13.6)%

Benefit for income taxes

 

(0.7)%

(1.6)%

Net loss

 

(0.1)%

(12.0)%

Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(0.2)%

(0.7)%

Net income (loss) attributable to The One Group Hospitality, Inc.

 

0.1 %

(11.3)%


(1)These expenses are being shown as a percentage of owned restaurant net revenue.

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The following tables show our operating results by segment for the periods indicated (in thousands). Prior year amounts have been revised to conform to the current year segment presentation.

    

STK

    

Kona Grill

    

ONE Hospitality

    

Corporate

    

Total

For the three months ended March 31, 2021

Total revenues

 

$

24,691

 

$

25,577

 

$

33

 

$

181

$

50,482

Operating income (loss)

$

5,596

$

2,450

$

(321)

$

(6,868)

$

857

Capital asset additions

$

1,476

$

529

$

15

$

595

$

2,615

As of March 31, 2021

Total assets

$

82,198

$

97,631

$

4,901

$

33,593

$

218,323

STK

    

Kona Grill

    

ONE Hospitality

    

Corporate

    

Total

For the three months ended March 31, 2020

Total revenues

$

19,051

$

20,657

$

924

$

87

$

40,719

Operating income (loss)

$

2,291

$

(339)

$

73

$

(6,376)

$

(4,351)

Capital asset additions

$

335

$

410

$

8

$

38

$

791

As of December 31, 2020

Total assets

$

81,431

$

96,262

$

5,484

$

32,392

$

215,569

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit are presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to supplement other measures of financial performance. EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit are not required by, or presented in accordance with, accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). We define EBITDA as net income before interest expense, provision for income taxes and depreciation and amortization. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income before interest expense, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, non-cash impairment loss, non-cash rent expense, pre-opening expenses, lease termination expenses, stock-based compensation, COVID-19 related expenses and non-recurring gains and losses. Not all of the items defining Adjusted EBITDA occur in each reporting period but have been included in our definitions of these terms based on our historical activity. We define Restaurant Operating Profit as owned restaurant net revenue minus owned restaurant cost of sales and owned restaurant operating expenses.

We believe that EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit are appropriate measures of our operating performance because they eliminate non-cash or non-recurring expenses that do not reflect our underlying business performance. We believe Restaurant Operating Profit is an important component of financial results because: (i) it is a widely used metric within the restaurant industry to evaluate restaurant-level productivity, efficiency, and performance, and (ii) we use Restaurant Operating Profit as a key metric to evaluate our restaurant financial performance compared to our competitors. We use these metrics to facilitate a comparison of our operating performance on a consistent basis from period to period, to analyze the factors and trends affecting our business and to evaluate the performance of our restaurants. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool and our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to that reported by other companies; accordingly, you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is a key measure used by management. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit are frequently used by analysts, investors and other interested parties to evaluate companies in our industry. We use Adjusted EBITDA and Restaurant Operating Profit, alongside other GAAP measures such as net income, to measure profitability, as a key profitability target in our budgets, and to compare our performance against that of peer companies despite possible differences in calculation.

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The following table presents a reconciliation of net (loss) income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the periods indicated (in thousands):

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Net income (loss) attributable to The One Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

70

$

(4,599)

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(130)

 

(274)

Net loss

 

(60)

 

(4,873)

Interest expense, net of interest income

 

1,246

 

1,175

Benefit for income taxes

 

(329)

 

(653)

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,699

 

2,440

EBITDA

 

3,556

 

(1,911)

COVID-19 related expenses

 

1,557

 

1,348

Transaction costs (1)

1,095

Stock-based compensation

 

1,022

 

338

Lease termination expense (2)

 

187

 

179

Non-cash rent expense (3)

23

 

136

Pre-opening expenses

101

Adjusted EBITDA

 

6,446

 

1,185

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(53)

 

(391)

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to The ONE Group Hospitality, Inc.

$

6,499

$

1,576


(1)Primarily transaction and integration costs incurred with the Kona Grill acquisition and subsequent integration activities.
(2)Lease termination expense are costs associated with closed, abandoned and disputed locations or leases.
(3)Non-cash rent expense is included in owned restaurant operating expenses and general and administrative expense on the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

The following table presents a reconciliation of Operating Income (Loss) to Restaurant Operating Profit for the periods indicated (in thousands):

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Operating income (loss) as reported

$

857

$

(4,351)

Management, license and incentive fee revenue

 

(1,314)

 

(2,162)

General and administrative

 

5,174

 

3,397

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,699

 

2,440

Transaction costs

1,095

COVID-19 related expenses

 

1,557

 

1,348

Lease termination expense

 

187

 

179

Pre-opening expenses

101

Other income, net

 

 

(1)

Restaurant Operating Profit

$

9,261

$

1,945

Restaurant Operating Profit as a Percentage of Owned Restaurant Net Revenue

18.8%

5.0%

23


Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

Revenues

Owned restaurant net revenue. Owned restaurant net revenue increased $10.6 million, or 27.5%, to $49.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $38.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase in revenue is primarily attributable to strong sales momentum as state and local governments continue to ease seating capacity restrictions in the markets in which we operate. Comparable restaurant sales increased 23.5% in the first quarter of 2021.

Management and license fee revenue. Management and license fee revenues decreased $0.8 million to $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Management and license fee revenue decreased primarily as a result of temporary closures and limited in-person seating at our managed locations due to COVID-19 prevention measures.

Cost and Expenses