DEF 14A 1 proxystatement2019ye.htm DEF 14A Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 
SCHEDULE 14A
 
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
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Definitive Proxy Statement
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Soliciting Material Pursuant to Section 240.14a-12
 
GREENLIGHT CAPITAL RE, LTD.
(Name of Registrant As Specified in its Charter)
 
N/A
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
 
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GREENLIGHT CAPITAL RE, LTD.
65 Market Street, Suite 1207
Jasmine Court, Camana Bay
P.O. Box 31110
Grand Cayman, KY1-1205
Cayman Islands
NOTICE OF ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON OCTOBER 29, 2020
 
Notice is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, or the Meeting, of Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd., or the Company, will be held at the Company’s offices at 65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands on October 29, 2020 at 4:00 p.m. (local time), for the following purposes:
1.           
To consider and vote upon a proposal to elect seven directors to serve on the Board of Directors of the Company until the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company in 2021, or the 2021 Meeting;
2.           
To consider and vote upon a proposal to elect seven directors to serve on the Board of Directors of Greenlight Reinsurance, Ltd. until the 2021 Meeting, which, pursuant to the Company’s Third Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association, or the Articles, is required to be considered by the shareholders of the Company;
3.           
To consider and vote upon a proposal to elect five directors to serve on the Board of Directors of Greenlight Reinsurance Ireland, Designated Activity Company until the 2021 Meeting, which, pursuant to the Articles, is required to be considered by the shareholders of the Company;
4.
To consider and vote upon an amendment to increase the number of Class A ordinary shares available for issuance under the Company’s amended and restated stock incentive plan from 5.0 million Class A ordinary shares to 8.0 million Class A ordinary shares;
5.
To consider and vote upon a proposal to ratify the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as the independent auditors of the Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020;
6.          To consider and vote upon a proposal to ratify the appointment of BDO Cayman Ltd. as the independent auditors of Greenlight Reinsurance, Ltd. for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020, which, pursuant to the Articles, is required to be considered by the shareholders of the Company;
7.          To consider and vote upon a proposal to ratify the appointment of Mazars as the independent auditors of Greenlight Reinsurance Ireland, Designated Activity Company for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020, which, pursuant to the Articles, is required to be considered by the shareholders of the Company; and
8.          To consider and cast a non-binding advisory vote on a resolution approving the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers as disclosed pursuant to the compensation disclosure rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Information concerning the matters to be acted upon at the Meeting is set forth in the accompanying Proxy Statement.
Only shareholders of record, as shown by the transfer books of the Company, at the close of business on September 8, 2020, will be entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the Meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.
In accordance with rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, we are pleased to furnish these proxy materials to shareholders over the Internet rather than in paper form.  We believe these rules allow us to provide our shareholders with expedited and convenient access to the information they need, while helping to conserve natural resources and lower the costs of printing and delivering proxy materials.
Whether or not you plan to attend the Meeting, we hope you will vote as soon as possible.  Voting your proxy will ensure your representation at the Meeting.  We urge you to carefully review the proxy materials and to vote FOR the election of each director nominee named in Proposals 1, 2 and 3 and FOR Proposals 4 through 8.


                                            

 
 
By Order of the Board of Directors,
 
 
/s/ Simon Burton
 
 
Simon Burton
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
September 8, 2020
 
 
Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands
 



                                            


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
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GREENLIGHT CAPITAL RE, LTD.
65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay
P.O. Box 31110
Grand Cayman, KY1-1205
Cayman Islands
 
PROXY STATEMENT
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON OCTOBER 29, 2020
 
GENERAL INFORMATION
 
This Proxy Statement is furnished in connection with the solicitation by the Board of Directors of Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd., or the Company, of proxies for use at the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company, or the Meeting, to be held at 65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands on October 29, 2020 at 4:00 p.m. (local time), and at any and all adjournments or postponements thereof, for the purposes set forth in the accompanying Notice of Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.  The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, including consolidated financial statements, is included with this Proxy Statement for informational purposes and not as a means of soliciting your proxy.  We will furnish any exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K at no charge to any shareholder who provides a written request to the Company’s Secretary at the address above. You can also access our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Reports on Form 10-K and all amendments thereto, at www.sec.gov.
 
This Proxy Statement and the accompanying proxy card and Notice of Annual General Meeting of Shareholders are first being provided to shareholders on or about September 15, 2020.
 
Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this Proxy Statement to “the Company”, “GLRE”, “we”, “us”, “our” and similar expressions are references to Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd.  All references to “Greenlight Re” are references to Greenlight Reinsurance, Ltd., a Cayman Islands reinsurer and wholly-owned subsidiary of GLRE.  All references to “GRIL” are references to Greenlight Reinsurance Ireland, Designated Activity Company, an Ireland reinsurer and wholly-owned subsidiary of GLRE.
 
Voting Procedures
 
As a shareholder of GLRE, you have a right to vote on certain business matters affecting GLRE.  The proposals that will be presented at the Meeting and upon which you are being asked to vote are discussed below under the “Proposals” section.  Each Class A ordinary share of GLRE you owned as of the record date, September 8, 2020, entitles you to one vote on each proposal presented at the Meeting, subject to certain provisions of our Third Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association, or our Articles, as described below under “Voting Securities and Vote Required.”
 
Methods of Voting
 
You may vote by mail, by telephone, over the Internet, or in person at the Meeting.
 
Voting by Mail.  If you have requested a paper copy of the proxy documents, you may vote by signing the proxy card and returning it in the prepaid and addressed envelope enclosed with the proxy materials.  If you vote by mail, we encourage you to sign and return the proxy card even if you plan to attend the Meeting so that your shares will be voted if you are unable to attend the Meeting.
 
Voting by Telephone.  To vote by telephone, please follow either the instructions included on your proxy card or the voting instructions you receive by mail or that are being provided via the Internet.  If you vote by telephone, you do not need to complete and mail a proxy card.  Telephone voting is available through 11:59 p.m. (local time) on October 28, 2020, the day prior to the Meeting day.
 
Voting over the Internet.  To vote over the Internet, please follow either the instructions included on your proxy card or the voting instructions you receive by mail or the instructions that are being provided via the Internet.  If you vote over the Internet, you do not need to complete and mail a proxy card.  Internet voting is available through 11:59 p.m. (local time) on October 28, 2020, the day prior to the Meeting day.
 

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Voting in Person at the Meeting.  If you attend the Meeting and plan to vote in person, we will provide you with a ballot at the Meeting.  If your shares are registered directly in your name, you are considered the shareholder of record and you have the right to vote in person at the Meeting.  If your shares are held in the name of your broker or other nominee, you are considered the beneficial owner of shares held in street name.  As a beneficial owner, if you wish to vote at the Meeting, you will need to bring to the Meeting a legal proxy from your broker or other nominee authorizing you to vote those shares.
 
Electronic Availability of Proxy Materials for 2020 Annual Meeting
 
Under rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, we are furnishing proxy materials to our shareholders primarily via the Internet, instead of mailing printed copies of those materials to each shareholder.  On or about September 15, 2020, we will mail to our shareholders (other than those who previously requested electronic or paper delivery of all proxy materials) a Notice of Internet Availability containing instructions on how to access our proxy materials, including our proxy statement and our annual report.  The Notice of Internet Availability also instructs you on how to access your proxy card to vote over the Internet, by mail or telephone.
 
This process is designed to expedite shareholders’ receipt of proxy materials, help conserve natural resources and lower the cost of the Meeting.  However, if you would prefer to receive printed proxy materials, please follow the instructions included in the Notice of Internet Availability.  If you have previously elected to receive our proxy materials electronically, you will continue to receive these materials via e-mail unless you elect otherwise.
 
Requesting a Paper Copy of Proxy Materials
 
Any registered shareholder receiving a Notice of Internet Availability who would like to request a separate paper copy of these materials, should: (1) go to www.envisionreports.com/GLRE and follow the instructions provided; (2) send an e-mail message to investorvote@computershare.com with “Proxy Materials Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd.” in the subject line and provide your name, address and the control number that appears in the box on the Notice of Internet Availability, and state in the e-mail that you want a paper copy of current meeting materials; or (3) call our stock transfer agent (Toll Free) at 1(866) 641-4276.

VOTING SECURITIES AND VOTE REQUIRED
 
As of September 8, 2020, the record date for the determination of persons entitled to receive notice of, and to vote at, the Meeting, or the Record Date, the following ordinary shares are issued and outstanding:
29,366,219 Class A ordinary shares, par value $0.10 per share; and
6,254,715 Class B ordinary shares, par value $0.10 per share.
The above ordinary shares are our only classes of equity shares outstanding and entitled to vote at the Meeting.
 
Class A Ordinary Shares
 
Each Class A ordinary share is entitled to one vote per share. However, except upon unanimous consent of the Board of Directors of the Company, or our Board, no holder shall be permitted to acquire an amount of shares which would cause any person to own (directly, indirectly or constructively under applicable United States tax attribution and constructive ownership rules) 9.9% or more of the total voting power of the total issued and outstanding ordinary shares, such person referred to hereinafter as a 9.9% Shareholder.  The Board shall reduce the voting power of any holder that is a 9.9% Shareholder to the extent necessary such that the holder ceases to be a 9.9% Shareholder.  In connection with this reduction, the voting power of the other shareholders of the Company may be adjusted pursuant to the terms of the Articles. Accordingly, certain holders of Class A ordinary shares may be entitled to more than one vote per share subject to the 9.9% restriction in the event that our Board is required to make an adjustment on the voting power of any 9.9% Shareholder or the voting power of a holder of Class B ordinary shares as described below.
 
Class B Ordinary Shares
 
Each Class B ordinary share is entitled to ten votes per share.  However, the total voting power of all Class B ordinary shares, as a class, shall not exceed 9.5% of the total voting power of the total issued and outstanding ordinary shares.  The voting power of any Class A ordinary shares held by any holder of Class B ordinary shares (whether directly, or indirectly or constructively under applicable United States tax attribution and constructive ownership rules) shall be included for purposes of measuring the total voting power of the Class B ordinary shares.  The Board shall reduce the voting power of any holder of

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Class B ordinary shares if the Class B ordinary shares, as a class, own more than 9.5% of the total voting power of the total issued and outstanding ordinary shares to the extent necessary such that the Class B ordinary shares, as a class, cease to own more than 9.5% of the total voting power of the outstanding ordinary shares.  In connection with this reduction, the voting power of the other holders of ordinary shares of the Company shall be adjusted pursuant to the terms of the Articles.  
 
Voting Reduction

The applicability of the voting power reduction provisions to any particular shareholder depends on facts and circumstances that may be known only to the shareholder or related persons. Accordingly, we request that any holder of ordinary shares with reason to believe that it is a 9.9% Shareholder, contact us promptly so that we may determine whether the voting power of such holder’s ordinary shares should be reduced.  By submitting a proxy, a holder of ordinary shares will be deemed to have confirmed that, to its knowledge, it is not, and is not acting on behalf of, a 9.9% Shareholder.  The directors of the Company are empowered to require any shareholder to provide information as to that shareholder’s beneficial ownership of ordinary shares, the names of persons having beneficial ownership of the shareholder’s ordinary shares, relationships with other shareholders or any other facts the directors may consider relevant to the determination of the number of ordinary shares attributable to any person.  The directors may disregard the votes attached to ordinary shares of any holder who fails to respond to such a request or who, in their judgment, submits incomplete or inaccurate information.  The directors retain certain discretion to make such final adjustments that they consider fair and reasonable in all the circumstances as to the aggregate number of votes attaching to the ordinary shares of any shareholder to ensure that no person shall be a 9.9% Shareholder at any time.

Quorum; Vote Required
 
The attendance of two or more persons representing, in person or by proxy, more than 50% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares as of the Record Date is necessary to constitute a quorum at the Meeting.  Assuming that a quorum is present, the affirmative vote of the holders of a simple majority of the ordinary shares voted will be required to elect each of the director nominees named in Proposals 1, 2 and 3 and to approve Proposals 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, each set forth in the Notice of Annual General Meeting of Shareholders.  Although the advisory vote in Proposal 8 is non-binding as provided by law, our Board of Directors will review the result of the vote and take it into account in making future determinations concerning executive compensation. Proposals 2, 3, 6 and 7, which seek the approval of certain matters relating to Greenlight Re and GRIL, must be submitted for approval by our shareholders pursuant to our Articles. Our Board of Directors will vote the shares in these subsidiaries at their respective annual general meetings in the same proportion as the votes received at the Meeting from our shareholders on these matters.
 
With regard to any proposal or director nominee, votes may be cast in favor of or against such proposal or director nominee or a shareholder may abstain from voting on such proposal or director nominee.  Abstentions will be excluded entirely from the vote and will have no effect except that abstentions and “broker non-votes” will be counted toward determining the presence of a quorum for the transaction of business.  Generally, broker non-votes occur when ordinary shares held by a broker for a beneficial owner are not voted on a particular proposal because the broker has not received voting instructions from the beneficial owner, and the broker does not have discretionary authority to vote on a particular proposal.

Recommendation
 
Our Board recommends that the shareholders take the following actions at the Meeting:
 
1.           Proposal One: to vote FOR the election of each of the seven director nominees to serve on the Company’s Board of Directors until the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company in 2021, or the 2021 Meeting;
 
2.           Proposal Two: to vote FOR the election of each of the seven director nominees to serve on the Board of Directors of Greenlight Reinsurance, Ltd. until the 2021 Meeting;
 
3.           Proposal Three: to vote FOR the election of each of the five director nominees to serve on the Board of Directors of Greenlight Reinsurance Ireland, Designated Activity Company, until the 2021 Meeting;

4.           Proposal Four: to vote FOR an amendment to increase the number of Class A ordinary shares available for issuance under the Company’s amended and restated stock incentive plan from 5.0 million Class A ordinary shares to 8.0 million Class A ordinary shares;


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5.           Proposal Five: to vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as the Company’s independent auditors for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020;
 
6.           Proposal Six: to vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of BDO Cayman Ltd., an independent registered public accounting firm, as Greenlight Reinsurance, Ltd.’s independent auditors for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020;
 
7.           Proposal Seven: to vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of Mazars as Greenlight Reinsurance Ireland, Designated Activity Company’s independent auditors for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020; and
 
8.           Proposal Eight: to vote FOR the resolution approving the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers as disclosed pursuant to the compensation disclosure rules of the SEC.

A representative of BDO USA, LLP will attend the Meeting telephonically and will be available to respond to questions and may make a statement if he or she so desires.
 
SOLICITATION AND REVOCATION
 
Proxies must be received by us by 11:59 p.m. (local time) on October 28, 2020, the day prior to the Meeting day.  A shareholder may revoke his or her proxy at any time up to one hour prior to the commencement of the Meeting.
 
To do this, you must:
 
enter a new vote by telephone, over the Internet or by signing and returning another proxy card at a later date;

file a written revocation with the Secretary of the Company at our address set forth above;

file a duly executed proxy bearing a later date; or

appear in person at the Meeting and vote in person.
 
The individuals designated as proxies in the proxy card are officers of the Company.
 
All ordinary shares represented by properly executed proxies that are returned, and not revoked, will be voted in accordance with the instructions, if any, given thereon.  If no instructions are provided in an executed proxy, it will be voted FOR the election of each director nominee named in Proposals 1, 2 and 3 and FOR each of Proposals 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, each proposal as described herein as set forth on the accompanying form of proxy, and in accordance with the proxy holder’s best judgment as to any other business as may properly come before the Meeting.  If a shareholder appoints a person other than the persons named in the enclosed form of proxy to represent him or her, such person should vote the shares in respect of which he or she is appointed proxy holder in accordance with the directions of the shareholder appointing him or her.
 
PROPOSAL ONE
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS OF THE COMPANY
 
Our Articles provide that our Board shall be appointed annually for a term of appointment that shall end at the conclusion of the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company following the one at which they were appointed.  Currently, we have eight directors serving on our Board, including Frank Lackner who will not stand for re-election to our Board.  Our Board has nominated Alan Brooks, Simon Burton, David Einhorn, Leonard Goldberg, Ian Isaacs, Bryan Murphy and Joseph Platt to serve as the directors of the Company, to be voted on by all holders of record of ordinary shares as of the Record Date.  Our Board has no reason to believe that any nominee will not continue to be a candidate or will not be able to serve as a director of the Company if elected.  In the event that any nominee is unable to serve as a director, the proxy holders named in the accompanying proxy have advised that they will vote for the election of such substitute or additional nominee(s) as our Board may propose.  Our Board unanimously recommends that you vote FOR the election of each of the nominees.
 





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Director Nominees

Each of the director nominees is currently serving as a director of the Company and is standing for re-election.  Unless otherwise directed, the persons named in the proxy intend to vote all proxies FOR the election of each of the following director nominees.
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Director Since
Alan Brooks(1)(3)(4)
 
73
 
Director
 
2004
Simon Burton(3)
 
50
 
Director, Chief Executive Officer
 
2017
David Einhorn(3)
 
51
 
Chairman
 
2004
Leonard Goldberg(3)
 
58
 
Director
 
2005
Ian Isaacs(2)(4)
 
65
 
Director
 
2008
Bryan Murphy(1)(2)(3)
 
75
 
Director
 
2008
Joseph Platt(1)(2)(4)(5)
 
72
 
Director
 
2004
(1) Member of Audit Committee
(2) Member of Compensation Committee
(3) Member of Underwriting Committee
(4) Member of Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
(5) Lead Director


There is no family relationship among any of the nominees, directors and/or any of the executive officers of the Company.
 
The nominees have consented to serve as directors of the Company if elected.

Set forth below is biographical information concerning each nominee for election as a director of the Company, including a discussion of such nominee’s particular experience, qualifications, attributes or skills that lead our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board of Directors (the “Board”) to conclude that the nominee should serve as a director of the Company.

Alan Brooks has been a director of our Board since July 2004.  Mr. Brooks also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2004.  From February 2001 until his retirement in July 2003, Mr. Brooks was engaged as a consultant by KPMG in the Cayman Islands.  Prior to that, from 1984 to 1999, Mr. Brooks served as the non-life insurance practice partner at KPMG in the Cayman Islands.  During those years, Mr. Brooks specialized in providing audit and liquidation services to the offshore insurance industry.  Mr. Brooks was engaged as the audit partner for over 150 licensed insurance companies in the Cayman Islands, ranging from companies writing property and casualty, life and credit insurance as well as special purpose vehicles formed to insure catastrophe risks.  Mr. Brooks has significant experience in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with United States and International generally accepted accounting principles.  From 2009 to May 2017, Mr. Brooks served as a director of Investors Trust Assurance SPC, a Cayman based insurance company.  Mr. Brooks has been a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England & Wales since 1979.  Prior to qualifying as a Chartered Accountant, Mr. Brooks received a Diploma of Education from the North Buckinghamshire College of Education in 1968.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Brooks should serve as a director given his Cayman Islands residency and extensive audit, accounting and financial experience and expertise.

Simon Burton has served as Chief Executive Officer and a director of our Board since July 2017. Mr. Burton also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since July 2017. From June 2014 until his appointment as our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Burton participated in a variety of entrepreneurial efforts in the reinsurance and insurance industry. From July 2012 to June 2014, Mr. Burton served as Chief Executive Officer and director of S.A.C. Re, Ltd. (“SAC Re”), from its inception until its sale to Hamilton Insurance Group, Ltd., where he was responsible, among other things, for building the company’s global reinsurance portfolio. From June 2010 to July 2012, Mr. Burton was involved in the strategic planning, capital raising and formation of SAC Re. Prior to SAC Re, from January 2007 to June 2010, Mr. Burton served in a variety of roles at Lancashire Group, including Deputy Chief Executive Officer and Chief Executive Officer of the company’s Bermuda subsidiary. Mr. Burton also spent 10 years at Financial Solutions International, an underwriting division of ACE Limited, where he eventually rose to the role of President. Mr. Burton received his Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics from Imperial College, London University. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Burton’s role as

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Chief Executive Officer, together with his extensive senior management experience in international insurance and reinsurance companies and prior service on other boards of directors, make him well suited to serve as a member of our Board.
 
David Einhorn has been a director of our Board since July 2004 and Chairman of our Board since August 6, 2004.  Mr. Einhorn also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2004. Mr. Einhorn co-founded, and has served as the President of, Greenlight Capital, Inc., since January 1996.  Mr. Einhorn serves as President of DME Advisors, LP, or DME Advisors, the investment advisor of Solasglas Investments, LP (“SILP”), in which the Company invests.  Greenlight Capital, Inc. and DME Advisors are affiliates of the Company.  Since April 2006, Mr. Einhorn has served as a director of Green Brick Partners, Inc. (Nasdaq: GRBK), formerly named BioFuel Energy Corp.  Mr. Einhorn graduated summa cum laude with distinction from Cornell University in 1991 where he earned a B.A. from the College of Arts and Sciences.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Einhorn should serve as a director given his investment expertise and business experience and his significant share ownership in the Company.
 
Leonard Goldberg has been a director of our Board since August 2005.  Mr. Goldberg also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2005. Mr. Goldberg served as our interim Chief Executive Officer from March 31, 2017 through June 30, 2017. Mr. Goldberg previously served as a director of GRIL from 2010 to 2014 and as Chief Executive Officer of our Company from August 2005 through August 2011.  Mr. Goldberg has more than 30 years of insurance and reinsurance experience.  He worked with the Alea Group, a reinsurance company, from August 2000 to August 2004, including serving as chief executive officer of Alea North America Insurance Company and Alea North America Specialty Insurance Company from March 2002 to August 2004, where he was responsible for the insurance and reinsurance strategy for the North America region.  Prior to working with the Alea Group, Mr. Goldberg served as Chief Actuary and Senior Vice President – Financial Products of Custom Risk Solutions, a managing general agency company, from April 1999 to August 2000.  From May 1995 to December 1998, Mr. Goldberg provided various actuarial services to Zurich Group, a reinsurance company, including acting as chief actuary of Zurich Re London.  Mr. Goldberg received his B.A. in Mathematics from Rutgers University in 1984 and Masters in Business Administration, Finance Concentration, from Rutgers Executive MBA program in 1993 and is a Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society and a member of the American Academy of Actuaries.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Goldberg should serve as a director given his prior experience as Chief Executive Officer of the Company and his significant insurance and reinsurance experience and expertise.

Ian Isaacs has been a director of our Board since May 2008.  Mr. Isaacs also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2008. Since August 2015, Mr. Isaacs has served as Managing Member of Katonah Research LLC, a firm which provides market intelligence to professional investors. From September 2012 to April 2015, Mr. Isaacs served as a senior partner at Gagnon Securities, a New York-based broker dealer where his duties included providing portfolio analytics and market intelligence to institutional investors.  Previously, from April 2008 to July 2012, Mr. Isaacs served as a senior partner at Merlin Securities, a San Francisco-based broker dealer. Mr. Isaacs previously served as a director of our Board from its founding in July 2004 until February 2007.  Mr. Isaacs stepped down from the Board in February of 2007, due to his then-current employer’s policy prohibiting its employees from serving on boards of publicly-traded companies.  Mr. Isaacs rejoined the Board in May 2008, shortly after joining Merlin Securities.  Previously, from July 2000 to March 2008, Mr. Isaacs served as a Senior Vice President, Investments, with UBS Financial Services, a subsidiary of UBS AG, a Zurich-based investment bank.  At UBS Financial Services and Merlin Securities, Mr. Isaacs conducted market research for institutional investors, including Greenlight Capital, Inc. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Isaacs should serve as a director given his significant experience in the securities business, evaluating business models and executive strategy, as well as his financial investment experience and expertise.
 
Bryan Murphy has been a director of our Board since May 2008.  Mr. Murphy also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2008 and Chairman of the Board of GRIL since December 5, 2018. From 1996 until his retirement in December 2007, Mr. Murphy served as a founding director and Chief Executive Officer of Island Heritage Holdings Ltd., a Cayman Islands based property, liability and automobile insurer.  Prior to Island Heritage, Mr. Murphy acted as a consultant to Trident Partnership from 1994 to 1996 and was employed by International Risk Management Group from 1978 to 1994.  Mr. Murphy has over 40 years’ experience in the insurance business and has held senior positions in several countries, including the Cayman Islands, Ireland, Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia.  From 2014 to 2016, Mr. Murphy served on the board of directors of Bahamas First General Insurance Co., a company that provides general insurance coverage in the Bahamas. Mr. Murphy currently serves on the board of directors of Montgomery Insurance Company and Cayman First Insurance Company Ltd., among others. Mr. Murphy holds a degree in Economics and Mathematics from University College, Dublin, Ireland.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Murphy should serve as a director given his Cayman Islands residency and his understanding of accounting and financial experience and expertise based on his extensive senior management experience in international insurance and reinsurance companies.
 

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Joseph Platt has been a director of our Board since July 2004.  Mr. Platt also has served as a director of Greenlight Re since 2004. Mr. Platt is an active investor as the general partner at Thorn Partners, LP, a family limited partnership since 1997.  Mr. Platt’s career at Johnson and Higgins, or J&H, a global insurance broker and employee benefits consultant, spanned 27 years until the sale of J&H to Marsh & McLennan Companies in March 1997.  At the time of the sale of J&H, Mr. Platt was an owner, director and executive vice president responsible for North America and marketing and sales worldwide.  Mr. Platt was head of the operating committee and a member of the executive committee at J&H.  He serves as a Trustee of the BlackRock Multi Asset Board (MAB) Funds. He also serves as a Director of Consol Energy Inc. (NYSE: CEIX), a NYSE listed coal company. Mr. Platt is a member of the New York State Bar Association.  Mr. Platt received his B.A. from Manhattan College in 1968 and his J.D. from Fordham University Law School in 1971.  Mr. Platt also attended Harvard Business School’s Advanced Management Program in 1983.  Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and our Board believe that Mr. Platt should serve as a director given his insurance and compensation and benefits experience and expertise.

Alternate Director
 
Daniel Roitman.  Section 14 of the Articles provides that any director (other than an alternate director) may, by writing, appoint any other director, or any other person willing to act, to be an alternate director for such director and, by writing, may remove from office an alternate director so appointed by him.  We anticipate that Mr. Einhorn, if re-elected, will continue to appoint Daniel Roitman as his alternate director.  Mr. Roitman is not a director nominee of Greenlight Re, but has served as a director of GRIL since December 5, 2018.  Mr. Roitman has served as Chief Operating Officer and partner of Greenlight Capital, Inc. since January 2003. From 1996 through 2002, Mr. Roitman served as a vice president at Goldman Sachs.  Before joining Goldman Sachs, Mr. Roitman was employed as a member of the New York technology practice at Andersen Consulting, now Accenture.  Mr. Roitman earned a B.S. with distinction in electrical engineering from Cornell University in 1991 and a Master of Engineering in 1992.  Mr. Roitman graduated with distinction from the New York University Stern School of Business in 2002, earning an MBA in Finance.  Mr. Einhorn has appointed Mr. Roitman as his alternate given Mr. Roitman’s financial investment and business experience and expertise.

 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE ELECTION OF EACH OF THE DIRECTOR NOMINEES ABOVE.
 
Action on Certain Matters of Greenlight Re and GRIL

Under the Articles, if we are required to vote at a shareholder’s meeting of certain of our subsidiaries, our Board must refer the subject matter of such vote to our shareholders and seek authority from our shareholders to vote in favor of the resolutions proposed by these subsidiaries.  We are submitting Proposals 2, 3, 6 and 7 set forth below for a vote to our shareholders at the Meeting.  Our Board of Directors will vote the shares in these subsidiaries in the same proportion as the votes received at the Meeting from our shareholders on these matters.

We are the sole shareholder of Greenlight Re and GRIL. It is proposed that we be authorized to vote in favor of Proposals 2, 3, 6 and 7 at the annual general meeting of each of Greenlight Re and GRIL or any adjournments or postponements thereof. 


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PROPOSAL TWO
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS OF GREENLIGHT RE
 
We are submitting the proposal to vote for the election of the director nominees identified below for Greenlight Re to our shareholders at the Meeting.
 
Greenlight Re’s board of directors has nominated Alan Brooks, Simon Burton, David Einhorn, Leonard Goldberg, Ian Isaacs, Bryan Murphy and Joseph Platt to serve as the directors of Greenlight Re, to be voted on by all holders of record of ordinary shares as of the Record Date. Each of the director nominees is currently serving as a director of Greenlight Re.  The nominees have consented to serve as directors of Greenlight Re if elected.  The biographical information for the director nominees of Greenlight Re is included under Proposal One Election of Directors of the Company.
 
The board of directors of Greenlight Re has no reason to believe that any nominee will not continue to be a candidate or will not be able to serve as a director of Greenlight Re if elected.  In the event that any nominee is unable to serve as a director of Greenlight Re, the proxy holders named in the accompanying proxy have advised that they will vote for the election of such substitute or additional nominee(s) as Greenlight Re’s board of directors may propose.  Unless otherwise directed, the persons named in the proxy intend to vote all proxies FOR the election of the director nominees named above.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE ELECTION OF EACH OF THE DIRECTOR NOMINEES ABOVE.
 
PROPOSAL THREE
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS OF GRIL
 
We are submitting the proposal to vote for the election of the director nominees identified below for GRIL to our shareholders at the Meeting.
 
The GRIL Board has nominated Michael Brady, Lesley Caslin, Bryan Murphy, Patrick O’Brien and Daniel Roitman to serve as the directors of GRIL, to be voted on by all holders of record of ordinary shares as of the Record Date.  Each of the director nominees is currently serving as a director of GRIL.  The nominees have consented to serve as directors of GRIL if elected.
 
Set forth below is biographical information for Mr. Brady and Ms. Caslin.  The biographical information for Mr. O’Brien is included under Executive Officers. The biographical information for Messrs. Murphy and Roitman is included under Proposal One Election of Directors of the Company.
 
Michael Brady has been a director of the GRIL board since March 2019. Mr. Brady has over 30 years experience in the insurance and reinsurance industries in the Cayman Islands and Ireland. Since 2010, Mr. Brady has been the chief executive officer of Golden Arches Insurance Company dac, where he manages the insurance and reinsurance requirements of McDonald’s international operations and franchise network. From 2008 to 2016, Mr. Brady was General Manager of Tokio Marine Global Reinsurance Company Limited, where he managed the reinsurance activities of the IFSC Company. From 2004 to 2008, Mr. Brady was Country Manager and Chief Financial Officer for XL Europe Limited and from 1995 to 2003 he was Managing Director of AMB Ireland Group. Mr Brady is an Independent Non-Executive Director and Chairman of the Audit Committees of several financial institutions including Everest Insurance Ireland dac, The Standard Club Ireland dac, Essent Irish Intermediate Holdings Limited and AGF International Advisors Company Limited. Mr. Brady is a former Chairman of the Dublin International Insurance & Management Association (DIMA) and a Member of the Taoiseach’s IFSC Insurance Committee. He holds a degree in Economics and Econometrics from Queen’s University and is a member of Insurance Ireland’s INED and Reinsurance and Captive Councils. Mr Brady is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland (FCA) and a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts in the U.S. (CFA).

Lesley Caslin has been a director of the GRIL board since March 2019. Ms. Caslin has over 25 years’ experience in the insurance and reinsurance industries in the UK, Bermuda and Ireland. Ms. Caslin currently works as a consultant providing risk management and finance advice to a Bermuda regulated reinsurer and health insurer. From 2017 to 2019, Ms. Caslin was the Chief Risk Officer of SureStone Insurance dac, where her duties include overseeing the risk management framework and providing risk management and finance advice to a Bermuda-regulated reinsurer and health insurer. From 2012 to 2016, Ms. Caslin acted as an Independent Risk Advisor to the Insurance Division of the Central Bank of Ireland, where her responsibilities included advising on issues impacting insurance and reinsurance firms in Ireland and Europe. From 2005 to 2008, Ms. Caslin served as Director of Finance and Operations for Catlin Insurance, Bermuda. From 1995 to 2005, Ms. Caslin was employed by XL Re, where she held a number of senior positions including the position of Chief Financial Officer of XL

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Re Latin America Ltd. Ms. Caslin is a Director of ITX Re dac and Aviva Insurance Ireland dac and a director of the CARI Foundation, a charitable organization. Ms. Caslin also holds an MSc in Management Science and Operational Research from Warwick University. Ms. Caslin is a Chartered Accountant and graduated from Kingston University with a BA in Accounting and Finance.
The GRIL Board has no reason to believe that any nominee will not continue to be a candidate or will not be able to serve as a director of GRIL if elected.  In the event that any nominee is unable to serve as a director of GRIL, the proxy holders named in the accompanying proxy have advised that they will vote for the election of such substitute or additional nominee(s) as the GRIL Board may propose.  Unless otherwise directed, the persons named in the proxy intend to vote all proxies FOR the election of the director nominees named above.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE ELECTION OF EACH OF THE DIRECTOR NOMINEES ABOVE.
 

PROPOSAL FOUR
APPROVAL OF THE AMENDMENT AND RESTATEMENT OF THE COMPANY’S AMENDED AND RESTATED 2004 STOCK INCENTIVE PLAN

Proposed Amendment and Restatement of the Company’s Amended and Restated 2004 Stock Incentive Plan in Order to Increase Shares Authorized for Issuance
On August 12, 2004, we adopted the Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd. 2004 stock incentive plan, or the stock incentive plan, which was amended and restated on August 15, 2005, February 14, 2007, May 4, 2007, April 28, 2010, and April 26, 2017. Subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the stock incentive plan, 5.0 million Class A ordinary shares were initially available for the grant of awards under the current stock incentive plan.
On July 30, 2020, our Board of Directors adopted, subject to shareholder approval, an amended and restated stock incentive plan, or the amended plan, which increases the number of Class A ordinary shares authorized for issuance under stock incentive plan by 3.0 million Class A ordinary shares to 8.0 million Class A ordinary shares.

Our Board of Directors believes that equity-based awards are an important incentive for attracting, retaining and motivating employees and officers through the opportunity of equity participation in the Company. The stock incentive plan is our only active plan for providing equity-based compensation to eligible employees, directors and consultants, and the limited number of shares remaining available for issuance under the stock incentive plan restricts the Company’s ability to grant equity-based awards. The Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors recently reviewed the number of Class A ordinary shares available for issuance under the stock incentive plan, which was 62,531 shares as of July 30, 2020, and determined that, based on our historical usage, current practices and share price, such number would be insufficient to meet our anticipated retention and recruiting needs. In setting the number of additional Class A ordinary shares to be available for issuance under the amended plan, we considered our estimated going-forward usage needs for the term of the plan, with such timing dependent on a variety of factors, including the price of our Class A ordinary shares. The amended plan is intended to enable us to continue to have an adequate number of Class A ordinary shares available for the grant of stock and stock option awards to attract new employees, and to retain current employees. The Board recognizes the effect of dilution on our stockholders and has evaluated this share request carefully in the context of the need to attract, retain and motivate our employees and directors to ensure their continuing focus on our strategic priorities. In addition, the Board believes that the proposed increase to the share reserve represents a reasonable level of potential stockholder dilution to accommodate our goals for growth and profitability.
As of July 30, 2020, 2,054,627 stock options and 2,882,842 restricted shares or restricted share units, net of forfeitures, have been granted under the stock incentive plan, leaving 62,531 Class A ordinary shares available for future grants under the stock incentive plan. These prior grants have been made to our officers, employees and certain directors. In the near term, we anticipate granting additional stock and stock options awards in connection with the hiring or appointment of individuals, as well as to employees and certain directors.

The full text of the amended plan is set forth as Exhibit A to this Proxy Statement. A general description of the principal terms of the stock incentive plan, as amended by the amended plan, is set forth below. The summary, however, does not purport to be a complete description of all the provisions of the stock incentive plan.

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Summary of the Plan
General
The general purpose of the stock incentive plan is to enable us and our affiliates to retain the services of eligible employees, directors and consultants through the grant of stock options, stock bonuses and restricted shares (collectively referred to as the awards).
Subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the stock incentive plan, 5,000,000 Class A ordinary shares (8.0 million Class A ordinary shares if the amended plan is approved) are available for the grant of awards under the stock incentive plan.
Administration
Our Compensation Committee administers the stock incentive plan and has broad discretion, subject to the terms of the stock incentive plan, to determine which eligible participants will be granted awards, prescribe the terms and conditions of awards, establish rules and regulations for the interpretation and administration of the stock incentive plan and adopt any modifications, procedures or sub-plans that may be necessary or desirable to comply with the laws of foreign countries in which we or our affiliates operate to assure the viability of awards granted under the stock incentive plan.
Eligibility
Persons eligible to participate in the stock incentive plan include our employees, directors, and consultants and those of our affiliates. While the specific individuals to whom awards will be made in the future cannot be determined at this time, all 37 of our current employees and 7 of our current directors are presently eligible to participate in the stock incentive plan.
Options
Stock options are subject to such terms and conditions as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate. Our Compensation Committee determines the per share exercise price of stock options which will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of a Class A ordinary share on the date of grant. Options generally expire ten years from the date of grant and vest and become exercisable as determined by our Compensation Committee on the date of grant.
A participant may pay the exercise price of stock options in cash, by cashiers’ check or at the discretion of our Compensation Committee, in certain other Class A ordinary shares held by the participant, by having us withhold a number of Class A ordinary shares upon exercise equal to the aggregate exercise price, in any other form of legal consideration or by a combination of the foregoing methods.
Unless otherwise specified by our Compensation Committee, upon the termination of a participant’s service other than due to the participant’s death or disability, all unvested stock options held by the participant will terminate and the participant may exercise his or her vested stock options during the period ending on the earlier of three months following the termination and the expiration of the term of the stock option. If a participant’s service is terminated by us for cause, all of the participant’s stock options, vested and unvested, will terminate.
Unless otherwise specified by our Compensation Committee, upon the termination of a participant’s service due to the participant’s death or disability, all unvested stock options held by the participant will terminate and the participant or his or her beneficiary may exercise any vested stock options during the period ending on the earlier of twelve months following the termination and the expiration of the term of the stock option.
Unless otherwise provided in an individual option agreement and subject to the stock incentive plan’s adjustment provision, a change of control will not affect any stock options granted under the stock incentive plan.
Restricted Shares
Restricted shares are subject to such terms and conditions, including vesting, as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate as set forth in individual award agreements. Participants may be entitled to vote the restricted shares while held in our custody. Our Compensation Committee determines the purchase price, if any, of restricted Class A ordinary shares.

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In the event of a termination of a participant’s service, we may repurchase any or all unvested Class A ordinary shares held by the participant for par value.
Stock Bonus Awards
Stock bonus awards are subject to such terms and conditions as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate. To the extent permitted so that the Class A ordinary shares awarded will be treated as fully paid, a stock bonus may be awarded in consideration for past services rendered.
In the event of a termination of a participant’s service, we may repurchase any or all unvested Class A ordinary shares held by the participant for par value.
Adjustments
Our Compensation Committee will make appropriate adjustments so as to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits with respect to events such as dividends or other distributions, recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, reverse stock split, reorganization, merger, consolidation, spin-off or sale, transfer or disposition of all or substantially all of our assets or stock. For example, our Compensation Committee shall adjust the number of Class A ordinary shares subject to outstanding awards and the exercise price of outstanding options.
Amendment/Termination
Our Board of Directors may amend the stock incentive plan at any time. Except as provided in the stock incentive plan, no amendment will be effective unless approved by our shareholders to the extent shareholder approval is necessary to satisfy any applicable law or any national securities exchange listing requirement, and no amendment will be made that would adversely affect rights under an award previously granted under the stock incentive plan without the consent of the affected participants.
Our Compensation Committee may suspend or terminate the stock incentive plan at any time. Unless sooner terminated, the stock incentive plan will terminate on April 27, 2024.
New Plan Benefits
Because grants under the stock incentive plan are discretionary, the benefits or amounts that may be received by or allocated to each participant are not known. However, our compensation program for our independent directors contemplates that each independent director is annually awarded restricted shares with a grant date value of $105,000, which will vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the one year anniversary of the grant date and (ii) the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company, generally subject to continued service through the applicable vesting date; provided, however that the shares will become fully vested upon (i) the termination of the director’s service due to death or disability prior to the vesting date or (ii) the occurrence of a “change in control” (as defined in the stock incentive plan) prior to the vesting date, provided the director is in continuous service immediately prior to such “change in control”. In addition, our independent directors may elect to receive all or a portion of their $70,000 annual cash retainer in the form of restricted shares, which restricted shares will vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the one year anniversary of the grant date and (ii) the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company, generally subject to continued service through the applicable vesting date; provided, however that the shares will become fully vested upon (i) the termination of the director’s service due to death or disability prior to the vesting date or (ii) the occurrence of a “change in control” (as defined in the stock incentive plan) prior to the vesting date, provided the director. is in continuous service immediately prior to such “change in control”. If the amended plan is approved, we intend for the restricted share grants to our independent directors to be made under the amended plan. We anticipate granting additional stock and stock options awards in connection with the hiring or appointment of individuals, as well as to employees and certain directors to whom awards will be made in the future and cannot be determined at this time. The following table sets forth what each of the independent directors will receive under the amended plan for the remainder of 2020 in respect of their annual grants:
Name and Position
Dollar Value ($)
Number of Class A Ordinary Shares(2)
Non-Executive Director Group(1)
$105,000
10,116


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(1) The dollar value and number of Class A ordinary shares are presented on a per person basis. However, the foregoing does not reflect any restricted shares granted as a result of an independent director’s election to receive all or any portion of his annual cash retainer in the form of restricted Class A ordinary shares.
(2) Actual stock grants will be based the closing price at the time the grants are made. Reflects the number of restricted Class A ordinary shares awarded in 2019 based on the closing price of $10.38 on May 9, 2019.
U.S. Federal Tax Consequences Applicable to U.S. Taxpayers
The tax consequences of stock options and other awards granted under the stock incentive plan are complex and depend, in large part, on the surrounding facts and circumstances. This section provides a brief summary of certain significant U.S. federal income tax consequences of the stock incentive plan under existing U.S. law. This summary is not a complete statement of applicable law and is based on the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, the regulations promulgated thereunder, as well as administrative and judicial interpretations of the Code as in effect on the date of this description. If U.S. federal tax laws, or the interpretations of such laws, change in the future, the information provided in this section may no longer be accurate. This section does not discuss state, local, or non-U.S. tax consequences. This section also does not discuss the effect of gift, estate, or inheritance taxes. Therefore, it is important that you consult with your tax advisor before taking any action with respect to any award you receive under the plan.
We are not a U.S. taxpayer and, accordingly, awards under the stock incentive plan are not expected to have direct U.S. federal income tax consequences to us.
Stock Options
Participants are not taxed on stock options when they are granted. However, participants will generally be taxed upon exercise of a stock option to purchase Class A ordinary shares. Upon exercise of a stock option, a participant will generally recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the Class A ordinary shares underlying the stock option on the date the participant exercises the stock option over the exercise price of the stock option.
Restricted Shares
A participant generally will not recognize any income for U.S. federal income tax purposes when the participant is awarded restricted Class A ordinary shares, because these shares are considered to be property that is not transferable and subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture under the Code. When a restricted share becomes transferable or is no longer subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture (i.e., when that share becomes vested and the restricted period lapses), the participant will generally be required to recognize as income an amount equal to the excess of the fair market value of the share on the date the restrictions lapse over the amount, if any, that the participant paid to acquire the share when it was granted. However, pursuant to Section 83(b) of the Code, the participant can file an election with the Internal Revenue Service to immediately recognize income upon the grant of the restricted shares based on the fair market value of the restricted shares on the date the award is granted (less the amount, if any, that the participant paid to acquire the restricted shares). This election must be filed within the first 30 days after the date a restricted stock award is granted to the participant. If the participant makes this election, any dividends paid with respect to the restricted shares will not be taxed as compensation, but rather as dividend income, and the participant will not recognize additional income when the restrictions applicable to the restricted shares lapse, but will be taxed at capital gain rates when the participant sells the restricted shares after they vest based on the fair market value of the shares on the date the participant sells them over their fair market value on the date of grant.
Stock Bonus Awards
A participant will be taxed on stock bonuses in the year in which the Class A ordinary shares subject to the award are distributed to the participant. The participant will be taxed on the aggregate fair market value of all Class A ordinary shares distributed to him or her.
In general, if a participant sells the Class A ordinary shares acquired upon exercise of stock options or vesting of restricted shares or stock bonuses, the participant generally will have a capital gain (or loss), depending on the difference between the sale price of the Class A ordinary shares and the fair market value of the Class A ordinary shares on the date the participant acquired the Class A ordinary shares upon the exercise of the stock option or vesting of restricted shares or stock bonuses. The capital gain (or loss) is considered “long term” or “short term,” depending on how long the participant has held the Class A ordinary shares prior to the sale.

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THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” APPROVAL OF THE AMENDMENT TO THE STOCK INCENTIVE PLAN.

PROPOSAL FIVE
APPOINTMENT OF THE COMPANY’S AUDITORS
 
Upon recommendation of the Audit Committee of the Company, our Board proposes that the shareholders ratify the appointment of BDO USA, LLP to serve as the independent auditors of the Company for the 2020 fiscal year until the Company’s Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.  BDO USA, LLP served as the independent auditors of the Company for the 2019 fiscal year.  In the event of a negative vote on such ratification, the Audit Committee will reconsider its selection. Even if this appointment is ratified, the Audit Committee, in its discretion, may direct the appointment of a different independent registered public accounting firm at any time during the year if the Audit Committee determines that such a change would be in the best interest of the Company and its shareholders. A representative of BDO USA, LLP will attend the Meeting telephonically and will be available to respond to questions and may make a statement if he or she so desires.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE APPROVAL OF THE COMPANY’S AUDITOR PROPOSAL.

PROPOSAL SIX
APPOINTMENT OF GREENLIGHT RE’S AUDITORS
 
We are submitting the proposal to ratify the appointment of the auditors of Greenlight Re for the 2020 fiscal year to our shareholders at the Meeting.
 
Upon recommendation of the Audit Committee of Greenlight Re, our Board proposes that the shareholders ratify the appointment of BDO Cayman Ltd. to serve as the independent auditors of Greenlight Re for the 2020 fiscal year until the Company’s Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.  BDO Cayman Ltd. served as the independent auditors of Greenlight Re for the 2019 fiscal year.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE APPROVAL OF GREENLIGHT RE’S AUDITOR PROPOSAL.

PROPOSAL SEVEN
APPOINTMENT OF GRIL’S AUDITORS
 
We are submitting the proposal to ratify the appointment of the auditors of GRIL for the 2020 fiscal year to our shareholders at the Meeting.
 
Upon recommendation of the Audit Committee of GRIL, our Board proposes that the shareholders ratify the appointment of Mazars to serve as the independent auditors of GRIL for the 2020 fiscal year until the Company’s Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.  BDO, Registered Auditors in Ireland, served as the independent auditors of GRIL for the 2019 fiscal year, completing its tenth year of auditing GRIL. In accordance with the rules established by the European Parliament and Council in 2014, and the Statutory Instrument signed in Ireland on June 15, 2016, GRIL must rotate its auditors every ten years. As such, the Audit Committee of GRIL has recommended Mazars to replace BDO, Registered Auditors in Ireland, as the independent auditors of GRIL.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE APPROVAL OF GRIL’S AUDITOR PROPOSAL.
 
PROPOSAL EIGHT
ADVISORY VOTE ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
The Compensation Discussion and Analysis of this proxy statement describes the Company’s executive compensation program and the compensation decisions made by our Compensation Committee and our Board in 2019 with respect to our Chief Executive Officer and certain other executive officers (whom we refer to as the “named executive officers”).  In accordance with Section 14A of the Exchange Act, our Board is asking shareholders to cast a non-binding advisory vote on the following resolution:
 

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“RESOLVED, that the shareholders of Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd. (“GLRE”) approve the compensation of the GLRE executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table, as disclosed in this proxy statement pursuant to the compensation disclosure rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (which disclosure includes the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the executive compensation tables and the related footnotes and narrative accompanying the tables).”

As we describe in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, our executive compensation program embodies a performance-driven philosophy that supports GLRE’s business strategy and aligns the interests of our executives with our shareholders.  Our Board believes this link between compensation and the achievement of our long-term business goals has helped drive GLRE’s performance over time.  At the same time, we believe our program does not encourage excessive risk-taking by management.
 
For these reasons, our Board asks shareholders to support this proposal.  While the advisory vote we are asking you to cast is non-binding, our Compensation Committee and our Board value the views of our shareholders and will take into account the outcome of the vote when considering future compensation decisions for our named executive officers. We currently plan to hold an annual advisory vote on compensation.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT SHAREHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE RESOLUTION APPROVING THE COMPANY’S EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.
 
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND BOARD OF DIRECTORS STRUCTURE, MEETINGS AND COMMITTEES
 
Board Leadership Structure and Risk Oversight
 
Since the Company’s formation in 2004, the Company has bifurcated the positions of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer.  David Einhorn, who, through an affiliate, sponsored the Company and is the President of DME Advisors, the investment advisor of Solasglas Investments, LP (“SILP”), in which each of Greenlight Reinsurance and GRIL is a limited partner, has served as Chairman of the Board since August 2004.  Since July 1, 2017, Mr. Simon Burton has served as Chief Executive Officer of the Company, replacing Mr. Leonard Goldberg who previously served as interim Chief Executive Officer of the Company from March 31, 2017 through June 30, 2017. In addition, since April 2011, Joseph Platt has served as lead director of our Board.
 
We believe it is the Chairman of the Board’s responsibility to run the Board, the lead director’s responsibility to provide independent oversight and chair executive sessions of the Board and the Chief Executive Officer’s responsibility to run the Company.  As directors continue to have more oversight responsibilities than ever before, we believe it is beneficial to have a Chairman of the Board who can concentrate on leading the Board and not have to be involved in the day-to-day operations of the Company and a lead director who can focus on chairing executive sessions and ensure that the concerns of the independent directors are heard.  Likewise, by having three different individuals serve as Chairman of the Board, lead director and Chief Executive Officer, our Chief Executive Officer is able to focus the vast amount of his time and energy in running the Company and furthering its operational business strategy.  Additionally, we believe our leadership structure with a Chairman of the Board with significant investment experience and expertise, an independent lead director with significant board experience and a Chief Executive Officer with significant reinsurance experience and expertise, complements our underwriting and investment strategies and helps us to further our business objectives.  As lead director, Mr. Platt’s duties include chairing all meetings of the independent directors, including executive sessions, serving as a liaison between the Chairman of the Board and the independent directors, consulting with the Chairman of the Board on, and approving, agendas and schedules for Board meetings and calling meetings of independent directors. As lead director, Mr. Platt also facilitates the Chief Executive Officer evaluation process, leads the annual Board self-assessment and conducts interviews to confirm the continued qualification and willingness to serve of each director prior to the time at which directors are nominated for election at each Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, and is available for consultation and direct communication if requested by major shareholders.
 
We have six independent directors and two non-independent directors.  The non-independent directors are the David Einhorn, Chairman of the Board, and Simon Burton, our Chief Executive Officer.  Frank Lackner, one of the Company’s current independent directors, will not stand for reelection to the Board. The independent directors are Alan Brooks, Leonard Goldberg, Ian Isaacs, Frank Lackner, Bryan Murphy and Joseph Platt. We currently have an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and an Underwriting Committee.  Our Audit, Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees are comprised solely of independent directors and are each served by a different chairperson.  We believe that the number of independent, experienced directors on our Board provides the necessary and appropriate oversight for our Company.


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Management is primarily responsible for assessing and managing the Company’s exposure to risk.  While risk assessment is management’s duty, each of the Audit Committee and the Underwriting Committee is responsible for discussing certain guidelines and policies with management that govern the process by which risk assessment and control is handled.  The Audit Committee also reviews steps that management has taken to monitor the Company’s risk exposure.  The Audit Committee receives reports from management on a regular basis regarding the Company’s assessment and management of risks.  In addition, the Audit Committee reports regularly to the full Board, which also considers the Company’s risk profile.  The Underwriting Committee establishes and reviews our underwriting policies and guidelines, oversees our underwriting process and procedures, monitors our underwriting performance and oversees our underwriting risk management exposure.  Management focuses on the risks facing the Company while the Audit Committee and the Underwriting Committee focus on the Company’s general risk management strategies and oversee risks undertaken by the Company.  We believe this division of responsibilities is the most effective approach for addressing the risks facing our Company and that our Board leadership structure supports this approach.
 
Pursuant to our corporate governance guidelines, the Board and its committees, on an annual basis, perform a self-evaluation and peer review.  The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee monitors this process.  As part of its self-evaluation and peer review, the Board evaluates the overall composition of the Board, in order to, among other things, ensure that the Board and its committees are providing the Company with the best leadership structure given the Company’s needs. As part of the evaluation process, each director completes a written peer evaluation.  The results of the written evaluations are then compiled into a summary which is reviewed by the lead director. The lead director then conducts phone interviews with each of the directors to discuss the results of the evaluation and any issues that may have arisen as a result thereof.

Hedging Policy

The Company’s insider trading policy prohibits our officers, directors, alternate directors, employees and consultants from entering into certain hedging transactions of our common stock. Hedging transactions, such as zero-cost collarsand forward sale contracts and other transactions designed to hedge or offset a decrease in market value of a person’s stock holdings, are prohibited.

Board Diversity

Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee seeks diverse candidates to provide representation of varied backgrounds, perspective and expertise to support the demands of our business.  Our current directors bring a diverse set of skill sets and experience to the Company that are important to the execution of our strategic goals.  When seeking new director candidates, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers gender, racial and geographic diversity.  From July 2017 until her resignation on August 9, 2019, Ms. Hope Taitz served as a director.  Prior to the 2021 annual general meeting of shareholders, the Nominating and Governance Committee expects to seek to identify potential director nominees from a candidate pool that includes women and individuals from minority groups.

Board Committees and Meetings
 
Our Board has four committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and an Underwriting Committee.  Each committee has a written charter.  The table below provides current membership and fiscal year 2019 meeting information for each of the Board committees.
 

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Name
 
Audit Committee
 
Compensation Committee
 
Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
 
Underwriting Committee
Alan Brooks(1)
 
X*
 
 
 
X
 
X
Simon Burton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
X
David Einhorn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
X
Leonard Goldberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
X
Ian Isaacs
 
 
 
X*
 
X
 
 
Frank Lackner(2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bryan Murphy(3)
 
X
 
X
 
 
 
X*
Joseph Platt(4)
 
X
 
X
 
X*
 
 
Hope Taitz(5)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Meetings in 2019
 
4
 
5
 
4
 
4
__________
* Committee Chairperson
(1) Mr. Brooks was appointed to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee on October 29, 2019.
(2) Mr. Lackner resigned from each of the Audit Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Underwriting Committee on July 31, 2019 and will not stand for re-election to our Board or the Greenlight Re board of directors.
(3) Mr. Murphy was appointed to the Compensation Committee on September 22, 2019.
(4) Mr. Platt was appointed to the Audit Committee on September 22, 2019.
(5) Ms. Taitz resigned from our Board and the Greenlight Re board of directors on August 9, 2019.
 
We had 6 meetings of the Board of Directors in 2019. Each of our directors attended in person at least 80% of the aggregate of the total meetings of the Board of Directors and any committee on which he or she served in 2019.  It is our policy that directors are expected to attend the annual general meeting of shareholders in the absence of a scheduling conflict or other valid reason. All of our directors attended our 2019 annual general meeting of shareholders which was held on May 2, 2019.

Members of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee must meet all applicable independence tests of the Nasdaq stock market rules and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC. Each member of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and Underwriting Committee is appointed by our Board and recommended for such nominations by our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.

     The Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Board of Directors have reviewed the responses of nominees to a questionnaire asking about their relationships (and those of immediate family members) with the Company and other potential conflicts of interest, and have considered the relationships listed below regarding Messrs. Isaacs and Platt in determining their respective independence. In considering Mr. Isaacs’ independence, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and the Board of Directors considered Mr. Isaacs’ pledge of his unrestricted ordinary shares as collateral. Except as noted, the Board of Directors concluded that all of the director nominees are independent in accordance with the director independence standards of the Nasdaq stock market rules and the SEC and that none has a material relationship with the Company that would impair his or her independence from management or otherwise compromise his or her ability to act as an independent director.  Accordingly, the majority of our Board is currently and, if all the director nominees are elected, will be comprised of independent directors.
 
Certain of our directors have invested or are invested in funds managed by Greenlight Capital, Inc. or its affiliates.  We refer to these funds as the Greenlight Funds.  Each of the Greenlight Funds is an affiliate of DME Advisors, the investment advisor of SILP, in which the Company invests. DME Advisors receives significant fees from SILP.  As of December 31, 2019, Joseph Platt and Ian Isaacs were both limited partners in the Greenlight Funds.  DME Advisors is an affiliate of David Einhorn, the Chairman of the Board, and Mr. Einhorn has been deemed to not be independent due to his relationship with DME Advisors.  In determining whether each of Messrs. Platt and Isaacs is independent, our Board considered his respective limited partner interest in the Greenlight Funds and the fact that in fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, no director received any compensation from the Greenlight Funds or DME Advisors. Under the Nasdaq rules, our Board considered the investments of Messrs. Platt and Isaacs in the Greenlight Funds, but ultimately determined that such investments would not interfere with their respective ability to exercise independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities as a director of the Company.


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Director
 
Independent
 
Material Transactions and Relationships
Alan Brooks
 
Yes
 
None
Simon Burton
 
No
 
Chief Executive Officer of the Company
David Einhorn
 
No
 
President of Greenlight Capital, Inc. and DME Advisors
Leonard Goldberg
 
Yes
 
Former Interim Chief Executive Officer of the Company
Ian Isaacs
 
Yes
 
None
Frank Lackner
 
Yes
 
None
Bryan Murphy
 
Yes
 
None
Joseph Platt
 
Yes
 
None
 
Below is a description of each committee of our Board of Directors.
 
Audit Committee
 
The Audit Committee is currently composed entirely of non-management directors, each of whom the Board has determined is independent in accordance with the Nasdaq stock market rules and applicable rules and regulations promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act.  The Audit Committee has general responsibility for the oversight and surveillance of our accounting, reporting and financial control practices.  The Audit Committee is governed by a written charter approved by our Board, which outlines its primary duties and responsibilities and which can be found on our website at www.greenlightre.com.  Mr. Brooks has been designated as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined under the rules of the SEC. Mr. Murphy has been designated as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined under the rules of the SEC based on Mr. Murphy’s education, experience as a principal executive officer and other relevant experience described under “Election of Directors of the Company - Director Nominees.”
 
Compensation Committee
 
All of the members of our Compensation Committee are independent as defined under the Nasdaq stock market rules and applicable SEC rules and regulations.  The purpose of our Compensation Committee is to discharge the responsibilities of our Board relating to compensation of our executive officers.  Our Compensation Committee, among other things, assists our Board in ensuring that a proper system of compensation is in place to provide performance-oriented incentives to management and makes recommendations to our Board with respect to incentive-compensation plans and equity-based plans. Our Compensation Committee has the authority to delegate its responsibilities to a subcommittee or to officers of the Company to the extent permitted by applicable law and the compensation plans of the Company if it determines that such delegation would be in the best interest of the Company. The Compensation Committee is governed by a written charter approved by our Board, which outlines its primary duties and responsibilities and which can be found on our website at www.greenlightre.com.  See “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” for more information regarding the Compensation Committee’s work.
 
Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
 
All of the members of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are independent as defined under the Nasdaq stock market rules and applicable SEC rules and regulations. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee makes recommendations to our Board as to nominations and compensation for our Board and committee members, as well as structural, governance and procedural matters.  The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also reviews the performance of our Board and the Company’s succession planning.  The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is governed by a written charter approved by our Board, which outlines its primary duties and responsibilities and which can be found on our website at www.greenlightre.com.
 
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for reviewing with our Board, on an annual basis, the requisite skills and characteristics of new directors as well as the composition of our Board as a whole.  When our Board determines to seek a new member, whether to fill a vacancy or otherwise, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee generally does not use third-party search firms.  The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers recommendations from other directors, management and others, including shareholders.  In general, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee looks for directors possessing superior business judgment and integrity who have distinguished themselves in their chosen fields of endeavor and who have knowledge or experience in the areas of insurance, reinsurance, financial services or other aspects of the Company’s business, operations or activities.  In selecting director candidates, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee also considers diversity, including skills, geography and the interplay of the candidate’s experience with the experience of the other board members.  Although a female director nominee

17

                                            

was elected at our 2019 annual meeting, no women currently serve on our Board. Our Board and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee seek to nominate at least one female candidate to our Board before our 2021 annual meeting.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider, for director nominees, persons recommended by shareholders, who may submit recommendations to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in care of the Company’s Secretary, Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd., 65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay, P.O. Box 31110, Grand Cayman, KY1-1205, Cayman Islands.  To be considered by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, such recommendations must be accompanied by a description of the qualifications of the proposed candidate and a written statement from the proposed candidate that he or she is willing to be nominated and desires to serve if elected.  Nominees for director who are recommended by shareholders to the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will be evaluated in the same manner as any other nominee for director.  Nominations by shareholders may also be made at an Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in the manner set forth under “Additional Information—Shareholder Proposals for the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.”
 
Underwriting Committee
 
The Underwriting Committee, among other things, establishes and reviews our underwriting policies and guidelines, oversees our underwriting process and procedures, monitors our underwriting performance and oversees our underwriting risk management exposure.  The Underwriting Committee is governed by a written charter approved by our Board, which outlines its primary duties and responsibilities and which can be found on our website at www.greenlightre.com.

Executive Sessions

The independent directors meet regularly in executive sessions, which from time to time include our non-independent Board members, including our Chief Executive Officer.  An executive session is typically scheduled immediately before or after each Board meeting.   At such sessions, our Lead Director presides.  Executive sessions are also regularly scheduled during committee meetings.

Board and Committee Evaluation

Our Board regularly evaluates itself, its committees and directors to measure effectiveness and succession planning.

Code of Ethics

Our Board has adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (the “Code of Ethics”) that applies to all of our directors, employees and officers, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Our current version of the Code of Ethics is available on our website at www.greenlightre.com.

Shareholder Communication
 
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee has adopted a policy for handling shareholder communications to directors.  The policy and contact information can be found on our website at www.greenlightre.com.  Shareholders may send written communications to our Board or any one or more of the individual directors by mail, c/o Secretary, Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd., 65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay, P.O. Box 31110, Grand Cayman, KY1-1205, Cayman Islands; by fax at (345) 745-4576 or by email at greenlightre@greenlightre.com.  There is no screening process, other than to confirm that the sender is a shareholder and to filter inappropriate materials and unsolicited materials of a marketing or publication nature.  All shareholder communications that are received by the Secretary of the Company for the attention of a director or directors are forwarded to such director or directors.
 


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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Position Since
Simon Burton*
 
50
 
Director, Chief Executive Officer
 
2017
Tim Courtis
 
59
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
2006
Brendan Barry
 
48
 
Chief Underwriting Officer
 
2011
Patrick O’Brien
 
51
 
Chief Executive Officer, GRIL
 
2017
Laura Accurso
 
44
 
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 
2016
Thomas Curnock
 
49
 
Chief Risk Officer
 
2016
Neil Greenspan
 
53
 
Chief Accounting Officer
 
2018

*See biography above under “Director Nominees.”
 
Tim Courtis has served as Chief Financial Officer of the Company since May 2006.  Mr. Courtis has over 20 years experience in the property and casualty reinsurance, captive and insurance industry.  Mr. Courtis was President and Chief Financial Officer of European International Reinsurance Company Ltd., a subsidiary of Swiss Re, from August 1994 until April 2006, where he was responsible for the management and financial analysis of Swiss Re’s Barbados-based entities.  Prior to joining Swiss Re in 1994, Mr. Courtis worked for Continental Insurance in Barbados and International Risk Management Company in Bermuda where he performed duties as senior account manager to various captive insurance companies.  Mr. Courtis is a Canadian Chartered Accountant and has an MBA from York University, Toronto, and a Bachelor of Business from Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo.
 
Brendan Barry has served as Chief Underwriting Officer of the Company since August 2011.  Prior to this, Mr. Barry was Senior Vice President of the Company since September 2006 when he joined Greenlight Re.  Mr. Barry has over 20 years experience in the property and casualty insurance and reinsurance industry.  Mr. Barry previously served as Vice President of Platinum Underwriters (Bermuda) Ltd. and Senior Underwriter for Hannover Reinsurance (Ireland) Ltd. where he managed a diversified portfolio of reinsurance transactions.  Mr. Barry holds a Bachelor of Arts from the National College of Ireland, a post graduate diploma in statistics from Dublin University (Trinity College) and an MBA from Smurfit School of Business (University College Dublin).

Patrick O’Brien has served as the Chief Executive Officer of GRIL since March 2017 and a director of the GRIL Board since June 2016.  From February 2016 to June 2016, Mr. O’Brien served as the Chief Executive Officer of Motor Insurers’ Bureau of Ireland, a non-profit organization that compensates victims of road traffic accidents caused by uninsured and unidentified vehicles. Prior to this, from 2011 to 2015, Mr. O’Brien served as the Chief Executive Officer of Liberty Insurance, a significant domestic Irish market insurer, where he was responsible for establishing the insurer in Ireland, following an acquisition of a business under administration. From 2001 through 2011, Mr. O’Brien served as a director and Chief Operating Officer of Liberty Mutual Insurance Europe, Liberty Mutual’s commercial and specialty business in Europe.  Prior to this, he spent six years in Bermuda with Deloitte and The Hartford. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland. He holds a degree in Accounting and Finance from Dublin City University.

Laura Accurso has served as General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of the Company since February 2016.  Ms. Accurso previously served as the Company’s Counsel and Corporate Secretary from January 2011 to February 2016.  Prior to joining the Company, from April 2007 to August 2009, Ms. Accurso specialized in reinsurance law as an attorney in the Insurance and Financial Services group at Sidley Austin LLP, a leading international law firm.  Ms. Accurso is a member of the American Bar Association, the New York State Bar Association, the Law Society of England and Wales and is a qualified U.K. solicitor (not practicing) as well as an attorney admitted to practice in the Cayman Islands and a member of the Cayman Islands Legal Practitioners Association and Cayman Islands Bar Association. She is a graduate of McGill University and Syracuse University College of Law.

Thomas Curnock has served as Chief Risk Officer of the Company since April 2016. Prior to that, Mr. Curnock worked in risk management and as an underwriter since July 2009 when he joined the Company. Mr. Curnock has over 20 years experience in the property and casualty reinsurance industry. He has previously served as Senior Vice President of Aon Benfield Securities as an investment banker and Senior Vice President of Aon Benfield as a structured reinsurance broker. Mr. Curnock holds a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics and a Ph.D. in computer science from University of Salford.

Neil Greenspan has served as Chief Accounting Officer of the Company since December 31, 2018. Mr. Greenspan has over 20 years of reinsurance and insurance industry experience. Mr. Greenspan was the Senior Vice President, Financial

19

                                            

Reporting of the Validus Group from November 2017 until joining the Company, and was the Chief Accounting Officer of the Montpelier Group from January 2006 to January 2016. Prior to joining the Montpelier Group, Mr. Greenspan held a senior finance position at ACE Financial Solutions International.  Mr. Greenspan is a Certified Public Accountant and member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and Massachusetts Society of CPAs. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy and Political Science from Bucknell University and his MBA degree and Master of Science degree in Accounting from Northeastern University.
 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION
 
All directors, other than Mr. Einhorn and anyone also serving in the capacity of our Chief Executive Officer, receive compensation from us for their services as directors.  Under the Articles, our directors may receive compensation for their services as may be determined by our Board.  Our Compensation Committee determined that the annual retainer we pay to our directors, excluding Mr. Einhorn and anyone also serving in the capacity as our Chief Executive Officer, is $70,000, payable at the election of the directors either quarterly in arrears, in cash, or at once in restricted shares, which restricted shares will vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the one year anniversary of the grant date and (ii) the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company, generally subject to continued service through the applicable vesting date; provided, however, that the shares will become fully vested upon (i) the termination of the director’s service due to death or disability prior to the vesting date or (ii) the occurrence of a “change in control” (as defined below) prior to the vesting date, provided the director is in continuous service immediately prior to such “change in control”.  Each director is also annually awarded restricted shares with a grant date value of $105,000, which will vest on the earlier to occur of (i) the one year anniversary of the grant date and (ii) the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of the Company, subject to continued service through the applicable vesting date; provided, however, that the shares will become fully vested upon (i) the termination of the director’s service due to death or disability prior to the vesting date or (ii) the occurrence of a “change in control” prior to the vesting date, provided the director is in continuous service immediately prior to such “change in control”.  Our Compensation Committee also determined that the Chairman of the Audit Committee (Mr. Brooks) receives an additional $20,000 in cash annually, payable quarterly in arrears.

Director Compensation Table
 
The following table summarizes the total compensation paid or awarded to our independent directors in 2019

Name
 
Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash ($)
 
Stock Awards ($) (3)
 
Total ($)
Alan Brooks
 
90,000
 
105,000
 
195,000
Leonard Goldberg (1)
 
35,000
 
105,000
 
140,000
Ian Isaacs
 
70,000
 
105,000
 
175,000
Frank Lackner
 
70,000
 
105,000
 
175,000
Bryan Murphy (2)
 
125,970
 
105,000
 
230,970
Joseph Platt
 
 
175,000
 
175,000
Hope Taitz (4)
 
42,703
 
105,000
 
147,703

(1) 
During 2014 it was agreed between the Compensation Committee and Mr. Goldberg, that as a past NEO, Mr. Goldberg will receive reduced director compensation related to certain underwriting losses experienced in prior underwriting years. As such, Mr. Goldberg’s annual retainer was reduced by $35,000.
(2) 
The $125,970 includes €50,000 that Mr. Murphy earned as compensation for his services as a director for GRIL. Such amount reported is based on an average conversion rate for 2019, which was $1.1194 United States dollars for each Euro.
(3) 
All stock awards were granted under our stock incentive plan.  The value reported above in the “Stock Awards” column is the aggregate grant date fair value of the awards granted in 2019, determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation”. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.  The number of restricted Class A ordinary shares issued as stock awards to each of Messrs. Brooks, Goldberg, Isaacs, Lackner, Murphy, Platt and Ms. Taitz during 2019 was 10,116, 10,116, 10,116, 10,116, 10,116, 16,860 and 10,116, respectively. These shares remained unvested as of December 31, 2019, other than Ms. Taitz’s shares which were forfeited in connection with her resignation from our Board and the Greenlight Re board of directors on August 9, 2019.

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(4) 
Due to Ms. Taitz’s resignation from our Board and the Greenlight Re board of directors, Ms. Taitz’s fees were paid on a pro-rata basis.


COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
 
“Say on Pay” Vote
 
At our 2019 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders held on May 2, 2019, shareholders were asked to consider and vote on a resolution approving the compensation of our named executive officers, commonly referred to as “say on pay.”  A substantial majority of our stockholders approved the compensation of our named executive officers, with approximately 97.5% of the votes cast in favor of that say on pay resolution.  While we are pleased with our shareholder support, we will continue to actively evaluate our compensation program.
 
Named Executive Officers
 
For 2019, our named executive officers, or NEOs, and their respective titles as of December 31, 2019 were as follows:
 
Simon Burton, Chief Executive Officer;
Tim Courtis, Chief Financial Officer;
Brendan Barry, Chief Underwriting Officer;
Patrick O’Brien, Chief Executive Officer, GRIL; and
Laura Accurso, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary.
 
Mr. Burton was a named executive officer for 2019 based on his position as our Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Courtis was a named executive officer for 2019 based on his position as our Chief Financial Officer.  Messrs. Barry and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso were named executive officers for 2019 by reason of being three of the Company’s most highly compensated executive officers other than persons serving as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, who were serving as executive officers as of December 31, 2019.

Effective September 4, 2020, Brendan Barry resigned as Chief Underwriting Officer of the Company and Greenlight Re.
        
Compensation Policy
 
In general, we seek to pay salaries that are commensurate with the salaries paid to executives at other reinsurance companies.  However, as we are the first open market property and casualty reinsurer operating in the Cayman Islands, no direct comparisons may be made.
 
Our performance-driven compensation policy consists of the following three main components:
   base salary;
   bonuses; and
   equity-based compensation.
We use short-term compensation comprised of base salary and annual cash bonuses and long-term compensation comprised of deferred bonuses and stock options, restricted share units, and/or restricted shares, as applicable, in an effort to align our employees’ and executive officers’ interests with those of our shareholders and increase long-term growth in book value per share. In addition, from time to time and under certain circumstances, we award sign-on bonuses, retention bonuses and other bonuses and/or bonus opportunities.

Our Compensation Committee reviews and approves all recommendations made with respect to deferred bonuses, stock options, restricted share units, and restricted shares, as applicable, for all of our employees, including our NEOs.  Additionally, the Compensation Committee reviews and approves all discretionary, sign-on, retention and other bonuses, if any, of our NEOs.  Each year, our Chief Executive Officer provides information and recommendations to the Compensation Committee with respect to individual performance to assist the Compensation Committee with its analysis and

21

                                            

evaluation of each employee’s compensation, including the NEOs.  However, our Chief Executive Officer does not make recommendations regarding his own compensation.  Accordingly, the Compensation Committee considers the performance of our Chief Executive Officer and determines and approves the amount of any discretionary, sign-on, retention and/or other bonus that he receives.  While the Compensation Committee considers the recommendations of our Chief Executive Officer, it is not bound by his recommendations.  While the Compensation Committee is generally familiar with the compensation of similarly situated individuals and does consider this information when making compensation decisions, given the nature of our business and compensation, the Compensation Committee has not felt it necessary to utilize the services of a compensation consultant or to do any formal benchmarking. The Compensation Committee obtains legal advice regarding executive compensation matters from its independent outside legal counsel.

Base Salary
 
We use base salary to recognize the experience, skills, knowledge, roles and responsibilities of our employees and executive officers.  When establishing the base salaries of our NEOs, our Compensation Committee considers a number of factors, including:
the individual’s years of experience;
the functional role of the individual’s position;
the level of the individual’s responsibility;
our ability to replace the individual; and
to the extent applicable, the limited number of well-qualified candidates available in or willing to relocate to the Cayman Islands.
Base salaries are expected to be reviewed by the Compensation Committee for possible increases at least once every three years and the timing of such review depends on the nature of the individual’s responsibilities and whether the Compensation Committee believes that changed circumstances warrant such review.
 
Our Compensation Committee reviewed the annual base salaries of the NEOs in 2019 and, based on its review, our Compensation Committee determined that no changes were required other than a change in February 2019 to Ms. Accurso’s base salary, which was increased from $355,000 to $390,000, effective as of January 1, 2019, and to Mr. O’Brien’s base salary, which was increased from €300,000 to €320,000, effective as of January 1, 2019. For 2019, the base salaries for Messrs. Burton, Courtis, and Barry remained at $650,000, $422,000, and $500,000, respectively.

  Bonuses
 
We use bonuses to reward individual and company performance.  We expect our bonuses to be variable from year to year primarily due to our expectation of annual variability in our underwriting results.  Our Compensation Committee determines each NEO’s target bonus, expressed as a percentage of base salary.  For 2019, the target bonus amounts (expressed as a percentage of annual base salary) for Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry, O’Brien, and Ms. Accurso remained at 120%, 50%, 65%, 60% and 50% respectively.
 
All of our employees, including our NEOs, are eligible to participate in our bonus program.  Under the bonus program, the majority of our employee’s target bonus, including our NEOs, consists of two components: a quantitative component based on the return on deployed equity, or RODE, relating to our reinsurance operations and a discretionary component based on a qualitative assessment of each employee’s performance.  Each employee participating in the quantitative component of our bonus program is assigned a percentage of the portion of his or her bonus that will be determined based upon the quantitative component of his or her bonus.  An employee’s quantitative bonus percentage may be adjusted annually by the Compensation Committee based primarily on the roles and responsibilities of the employee and the level of their direct involvement in underwriting operations.  The remaining portion of the target bonus is discretionary and determined based on a qualitative assessment of the employee’s performance in relation to certain annual performance goals and objectives.
 

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Quantitative Bonus
 
Each year, the majority of our employees, including our NEOs, are entitled to receive a portion of a bonus pool based on quantitative performance.  Each participating employee, including our NEOs, is assigned a quantitative bonus participation percentage, or a QBP percentage, which indicates the portion of his or her bonus that will be determined based on RODE (as described below) for each underwriting year.  Deployed equity is the aggregate allocated equity calculated by our proprietary models based upon the risk profile of each reinsurance contract written. A quantitative bonus will be calculated and payable in three annual installments following the third, fourth and fifth years after the applicable underwriting year.  Also, any losses in respect of a given underwriting year will be, subject to the Board’s discretion, recouped in subsequent years; any quantitative bonus over or underpayments due to still open contracts will be adjusted, subject to the Board’s discretion, in subsequent years. We therefore do not risk paying large bonuses for contracts that do not perform well over time.  An employee must be employed by us or one of our subsidiaries on January 1st following the end of the applicable fiscal year in order to receive the quantitative component of his or her bonus with respect to such year, but need not be employed by us at the date of payment of the deferred amounts.  Our Compensation Committee has the discretion to reduce or increase the total aggregate quantitative bonus pool for any particular underwriting year based on particular reinsurance industry events or other extraordinary factors.
 
If our Compensation Committee expects an individual to have a direct or significant impact on our underwriting operations, it will assign that individual a higher QBP percentage.  Similarly, if our Compensation Committee expects that an individual will not have a direct or significant impact on our underwriting operations it will assign that individual a lower QBP percentage.  Our Compensation Committee believes that the performance of each of Mr. Burton, our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Barry, our Chief Underwriting Officer, and Mr. O’Brien, Chief Executive Officer, GRIL, will have a direct and/or significant impact on our underwriting operations.  Therefore, they have been assigned higher QBP percentages, whereas Mr. Courtis, our Chief Financial Officer, and Ms. Accurso, our General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, have been assigned a lower QBP percentage, as the Compensation Committee believes that their individual performance should be weighted more heavily when making bonus determinations.  For each NEO, their QBP percentage may be adjusted annually by our Compensation Committee.  For 2019, our Compensation Committee determined that the QBP percentages assigned to Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso remained appropriate.  Accordingly, for 2019, Mr. Burton’s QBP percentage remained at 80%, Mr. Courtis’ QBP percentage remained at 40%, Mr. Barry’s QBP percentage remained at 70%, Mr. O’Brien’s QBP percentage remained at 60%, and Ms. Accurso’s QBP percentage remained at 40%.
 
The sum of the target quantitative bonuses for all employee participants, including NEOs, equals the total target quantitative bonus pool.  Each participant’s share of the quantitative bonus pool is his or her target quantitative bonus divided by the total target quantitative bonus pool.  The amount of quantitative bonus ultimately paid to each participant is based upon the participant’s share of the quantitative bonus pool multiplied by the ultimate quantitative bonus declared.

RODE is the percentage return based on net underwriting income, net of all general and administrative expenses, all discounted at a risk free rate selected for such underwriting year, in relation to the sum of the deployed capital allocated to each of the contracts underwritten.  The amount of quantitative bonus awarded, if any, is determined based on the excess of the actual RODE compared to a risk free return.
 
A target RODE is established for the entire underwriting portfolio each year by the Compensation Committee and is an amount equal to the sum of (i) the “risk free rate,” as determined annually by the Underwriting Committee and (ii) a fixed percentage in excess of the risk free rate for each contract underwritten based upon the inherent risk in such contract.  Currently we use one fixed percentage for all frequency business and another percentage for all severity business.  A higher fixed percentage is assigned for severity business to reflect the inherently riskier nature of that business.
 
Expressed as a formula, for each underwriting year, target RODE is calculated as follows:
 
Target RODE = Risk Free Rate + {the sum of (a fixed percentage times the amount of deployed equity for each contract) / total deployed equity}
 
At the end of the deferral period, the actual RODE is compared to the target RODE for the applicable underwriting year and the quantitative bonus pool is funded in accordance with the following formulas:


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Actual RODE
 
Amount Credited to Quantitative Bonus Pool
Equal to or less than Risk Free Rate
 
Zero
 
Between Risk Free Rate and Target RODE
 
The sum of all employees’ target quantitative bonuses multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which equals the actual RODE minus the risk free rate, and the denominator of which equals the target RODE minus the risk free rate.
 
Greater than Target RODE
 
The sum of all employees’ target quantitative bonuses plus 10% multiplied by the excess of actual RODE over target RODE multiplied by deployed equity.
 
Greater than Target RODE + 5%
 
In addition to the bonus calculated above, an additional bonus pool will be created equal to 10% multiplied by the excess of actual RODE over (target RODE + 5%) multiplied by deployed equity.
 
There is no maximum amount that may be paid under the quantitative component of our bonus plan.  Likewise, there is no fixed minimum amount and therefore the quantitative component of the bonus plan could be zero for any particular underwriting year, where the actual RODE is less than the risk free rate. Furthermore, commencing in the 2012 underwriting year, where the actual RODE is less than zero, signifying an underwriting loss, underwriting losses will be carried forward to future underwriting years and recouped against underwriting profits.
 
Additionally, the Compensation Committee has the discretion to make adjustments to the calculation of the quantitative bonus pool due to significant over-performance or deficiencies.  For example, the quantitative bonus pool could be reduced if it related to over-weighting and short term good fortune on natural catastrophe business.  Alternatively, the quantitative bonus pool could be increased if in a generally poor underwriting year for the reinsurance industry, we demonstrated a prudent use of deployed capital and achieved a positive return above the industry average return on capital. During 2013, the Compensation Committee determined that as a result of underwriting losses experienced with respect to the 2009 and 2010 underwriting years, certain past and present NEOs would be required to deduct from future quantitative bonus payments or directors fees, amounts to reflect the losses carried forward from these underwriting years. Based on calculations performed as of December 31, 2019, Mr. Courtis’ and Mr. Barry’s future quantitative bonus payments may be reduced by $491,225 and $479,467, respectively. The Compensation Committee determined that future quantitative bonuses paid to these NEOs would be reduced by fifty percent until such time that the loss carry forward amounts are recouped.
 
The initial calculation of the quantitative bonus pool is deferred for a period of time following the end of the applicable underwriting year because we believe that short-term results are not an accurate indicator of any contract’s performance.  For the 2014 underwriting year and beyond, the initial calculation is deferred for three years.  Subject to the requirements of Code Section 457A, initial calculations are scheduled to be made with respect to the 2019 underwriting year on January 1, 2023 and an initial payment of 33% of the quantitative bonus pool is expected to be made in calendar year 2023.  Further calculations for the 2019 underwriting year will be made on January 1, 2024 and 2025 and payments of 33% and 34% of the re-calculated quantitative bonus pool are expected to be made in calendar years 2024 and 2025, respectively. As such, the employee’s receipt of the quantitative portion of his or her bonus is deferred until we can better determine the actual performance of the reinsurance contracts bound by us during each underwriting year.  We believe that this helps us better align the interests of employees and shareholders, by paying bonuses once the business develops instead of based solely on initial accounting of results.  The unpaid portion of the calculated bonus pool will accrue our investment return from December 31 of the underwriting year until December 31 of the year prior to payment or partial payment.

In February 2020, the Compensation Committee approved the updated calculations for the quantitative bonus pool with respect to the 2014, 2015 and 2016 underwriting years based on performance through December 31, 2019. For the 2014 underwriting year, the updated calculations reflect the Company’s successful underwriting performance and results in above target performance. These amounts are adjusted for subsequent years’ investment performance and given the investment losses experienced in 2015 and 2018, the ultimate bonus awards were reduced as a result. For the 2015 and 2016 underwriting years, the updated calculations reflect below threshold performance and as such no quantitative bonus will be awarded. Although the Compensation Committee has discretion to make adjustments to the calculation of the quantitative bonus pool, it did not elect to exercise this discretion with respect to the quantitative bonuses related to the 2014, 2015 and 2016 underwriting years.
 
As a result of the updated RODE calculations for the 2014 underwriting year, the Compensation Committee approved quantitative bonus amounts for Messrs. Courtis and Barry and Ms. Accurso. The final installment, representing 34 percent of

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the 2014 underwriting year was paid on March 13, 2020. The total quantitative bonus amounts for this underwriting year, including interest thereon, is $55,840 to Mr. Courtis, $122,140 to Mr. Barry and $25,935 to Ms. Accurso. These amounts awarded were determined based on such NEO’s share of the target quantitative bonus pool multiplied by the ultimate quantitative bonus declared and were paid on March 13, 2020. After application of the loss carry forward amounts, the net quantitative bonus amounts payable to Messrs. Courtis and Barry were $27,920 and $61,070, respectively.

Current estimates indicate that there is a small underwriting profit reported for 2019. We estimate that the quantitative bonus amounts which are payable in installments in 2023, 2024 and 2025, after reductions for losses carried forward from previous underwriting years, would equal approximately $55,600, $7,500, $20,300, $12,100 and $7,000 for Mr. Burton, Courtis, Barry, O’Brien and Ms. Accurso, respectively.

Discretionary Bonus
 
The discretionary portion of an employee’s annual bonus is determined by taking into account the employee’s achievement of individual performance goals established by the employee and management and reviewed and approved by our Chief Executive Officer or the Compensation Committee (in the case of the Chief Executive Officer).  The Chief Executive Officer makes a recommendation to the Compensation Committee with regard to the amount of any discretionary bonus to be awarded to the NEOs, but not for himself.  The Compensation Committee determines and approves the amount of any discretionary bonus awarded to the Chief Executive Officer.  In general, an employee must be employed by us or one of our subsidiaries on the last day of the year in order to receive the discretionary component of his or her bonus for the year. However, pursuant to the terms and conditions of each of Mr. Burton’s, Mr. O’Brien’s and Ms. Accurso’s employment agreement, each such NEO must be employed by us or one of our subsidiaries on the date that the bonus is to be awarded in order to receive the discretionary component of his or her bonus for the year.
 
With respect to the 2019 discretionary bonuses for our NEOs, the Compensation Committee considered the individual performance of such NEOs taking into account their respective achievements in relation to certain goals and objectives and such other criteria as our Compensation Committee deemed appropriate.  The following is a non-exhaustive list of factors considered by our Compensation Committee in making 2019 qualitative bonus determinations, none of which were assigned any particular weight:
 
Goals and objectives for Simon Burton:
 
Monitor and manage overall enterprise risk and profitability;

Manage the growth and development of our underwriting teams and oversee senior personnel hiring to ensure successful longer-term succession;
 
Manage the evaluation and identification of new core areas of underwriting and strategic opportunities;
 
Lead the development of overall corporate strategy and business development; and
 
Provide consistent and appropriate communications to the Board of Directors and shareholders.

Goals and objectives for Tim Courtis:
 
Manage corporate collateral and liquidity;

Effectively perform financial planning and reporting and full SEC compliance; and
 
Oversee our interactions with regulators, rating agencies and investor relations to ensure we have an open and transparent relationship with each.
 

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Goals and objectives for Brendan Barry:
 
Manage the underwriting portfolio to achieve the underwriting plan;

Oversee continued improvement in business development to increase and diversify the Company’s client base; and

Develop a three year reinsurance plan.
 
Goals and objectives for Patrick O’Brien:
 
Manage the analysis and possible implementation of the strategic direction of the Irish operation;

Ensure transparent communication with the Central Bank of Ireland, head office and group Board of Directors; and

Provide strong leadership to Irish operations and Greenlight Re Innovations.

Goals and objectives for Laura Accurso:

Provide legal advice and manage internal and external matters, including outside counsel, relating to all legal agreements and matters;

Ensure compliance with all applicable laws and regulations as well as various policies and procedures;

Support key strategic projects and initiatives by providing advice on legal strategy and risks associated with business operations; and

Provide advice to the Board and its committees to ensure maintenance of strong corporate governance standards.

As a result of these analyses, in February 2020, the Compensation Committee approved discretionary bonus amounts with respect to 2019 performance for each of our NEOs, resulting in a $600,000 qualitative bonus award to Mr. Burton, a $80,000 qualitative bonus award to Mr. Courtis, a $80,000 qualitative bonus award to Mr. Barry, a $100,746 qualitative bonus award to Mr. O’Brien and a $200,000 qualitative bonus award to Ms. Accurso. Because he is based in Ireland, Mr. O’Brien’s cash compensation is generally paid to him in Euros rather than United States dollars. The foregoing reported bonus amount is based on an average conversion rate for 2019, which was $1.1194 United States dollars for each Euro.
 
Mr. Burton’s qualitative bonus was granted at 385% of target, which primarily reflects the Compensation Committee’s evaluation that Mr. Burton executed the strategy including achieving increased diversity of underwriting classes of business, continuing success of Greenlight Re Innovations, overseeing the strategic review process and managing risk. Mr. Courtis’ qualitative bonus was granted at 63% of target, which primarily reflects the Compensation Committee’s evaluation that Mr. Courtis managed the finance functions within the organization but was reduced in part due to the performance of certain legacy contracts. Mr. Barry’s qualitative bonus was granted at 82% of target which is a reflection of his continuing success in diversifying the underwriting portfolio but was reduced due to the performance of certain legacy contracts. Mr. O’Brien’s qualitative bonus was granted at 117% of target which is a reflection of his success in managing the Ireland branch office and also reflects his continued oversight of Greenlight Re Innovations. Ms. Accurso’s qualitative bonus was granted at 171% of target which is a reflection of the high quality of advice that she provides to the Company and her oversight of the claims function.
 
The discretionary bonus amounts were paid on March 13, 2020.

Sign-On Bonuses

From time to time, the Compensation Committee may award sign-on bonuses in connection with the commencement of an NEO’s employment with us. Sign-on bonuses are used only when necessary to attract highly skilled officers to the Company. Generally they are used to incentivize candidates to leave their current employers or may be used to offset the loss of unvested compensation or future income that they may forfeit as a result of leaving their current employer or business.



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Retention Bonuses

From time to time, the Compensation Committee, based upon a review of competitive conditions and/or the role and skill set of the individual, may approve retention arrangements for certain NEOs and other senior executives.

Other Bonuses

From time to time, the Compensation Committee may award other bonus opportunities and/or adopt additional bonus plans in order to incentivize employees and foster and support the success of the Company.

The Company and Greenlight Re (collectively, the “Employer”) entered into a bonus agreement with Mr. Burton, dated as of September 22, 2019 (the “Bonus Agreement”). Pursuant to, and subject to the terms and conditions of, the Bonus Agreement, Mr. Burton is eligible to receive a cash bonus in the aggregate amount of $2,500,000, subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee (as defined in that certain letter agreement by and between Credit Suisse (USA) LLC and the Company, dated as of May 28, 2019, as it may be amended from time to time). For more details on this cash bonus, see “Other Bonuses” and “Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control - Other Bonuses” below.
In addition, on September 22, 2019, we adopted a bonus plan (the “Bonus Plan”) that provides for a $1,000,000 cash pool from which awards may be granted. All employees of the Company, other than the Chief Executive Officer, are eligible to participate in the Bonus Plan. The participants and the bonuses awarded under the Bonus Plan, if any, will be proposed by the Chief Executive Officer and determined by the Compensation Committee. The terms and conditions of the Bonus Plan are substantially similar to the terms and conditions of Mr. Burton’s Bonus Agreement as to conditions to payment, payment timing and termination. As of the date hereof, no participants have been designated and no awards under the Bonus Plan have been granted.

Stock Incentive Plan Awards
 
In 2004, we adopted a stock incentive plan, which was amended and restated effective as of August 15, 2005, February 14, 2007, May 4, 2007, April 28, 2010 and April 26, 2017.  Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, on July 6, 2017, Mr. Burton was awarded a ten year stock option to acquire 480,000 Class A ordinary shares with a per share exercise price equal to $21.20, the fair market value per share on the date of grant.  Options granted to Mr. Burton vest as to 80,000 shares on June 30 of each of the first six anniversaries of June 30, 2017, subject to Mr. Burton’ continued employment with us on each vesting date.  

Our Compensation Committee has decided that, with certain exceptions noted above, restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable, generally are the preferred form of equity compensation as the Compensation Committee believes that restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable, better align management with long-term shareholder value creation.  Our Compensation Committee determines the value of restricted share or restricted share unit grants that each NEO may receive, taking into account prior performance, our desire to retain the executive and the executive’s role within the Company.  Those executives who are most critical to our future growth generally receive larger awards.  With the exception of our Chief Executive Officer, the restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable, will be subject to a three-year cliff vesting schedule.  Unvested restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable (other than those granted to our Chief Executive Officer and those granted to Ms. Accurso pursuant to the terms of their employment agreements) will be forfeited if an NEO terminates employment for any reason (other than due to death or disability).  Currently, we expect long-term compensation, or the deferred portion of our bonus program and stock incentive plan awards, to continue to represent the majority of each NEO’s compensation.
 
In order to prevent the backdating of equity awards and to ensure that the timing of awards or the release of material information will not be accelerated or delayed to allow an award recipient to benefit from a more favorable stock price, on February 27, 2008, our Board of Directors and Compensation Committee adopted a policy with respect to our equity grant practices that delineates specific procedures that must be followed when granting equity awards.  We believe this policy helps the integrity of our equity award grant practices.
 
Our current practice is to grant equity awards in March of each fiscal year.
 
Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, on March 15, 2019, Mr. Burton was awarded 89,945 Class A ordinary restricted shares subject (i) to performance vesting conditions measured over the six year period from January 1, 2018 until December 31, 2023 (the “Performance Period”) and (ii) generally to continued employment through and including the applicable vesting date (i.e., the fifth anniversary of the date of grant). The number of restricted shares earned, if any, is based

27

                                            

on the cumulative all-in “Combined Ratio” for the Performance Period, as modified by the “Adjusted Measurement”, to the extent applicable, and is determined as follows: if the Combined Ratio is 97% or less, then Mr. Burton will earn all 89,945 restricted shares; if the Combined Ratio is above 97% and less than 102%, then the number of shares to be earned will be determined based on linear interpolation between the points; and if the Combined Ratio is 102% and higher then none of the restricted shares will be earned. For purposes of the award agreement, the “Combined Ratio” is a ratio whereby: (i) the numerator is the cumulative sum over the performance period of (1) losses incurred, (2) acquisition costs, (3) all general and administrative expenses and (4) any reinsurance income/expense reported as Other Income/Expense in the Company’s audited financial statements to be reported in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Financial Statements”) and (ii) the denominator is the cumulative sum of the earned premiums during the Performance Period. In addition, for purposes of the award agreement, the number of earned restricted shares, if any, will be determined based only upon the number of full calendar years of employment during the Performance Period and the Combined Ratio will be adjusted for any loss development related to any business written during or prior to the employment period until the expiration of the Performance Period (referred to as the “Adjusted Measurement”). The Combined Ratio will be determined by the Committee after the end of the Performance Period, but prior to March 15, 2024, based on calculations performed by the Company based on the Financial Statements.

In addition to the grant of Class A ordinary restricted shares to Mr. Burton as discussed above, in 2019, our Compensation Committee approved and, on March 15, 2019, we granted awards of 43,819 Class A ordinary restricted shares to Mr. Courtis, 36,900 Class A ordinary restricted shares to Mr. Barry and 23,063 Class A ordinary restricted shares to Ms. Accurso under our stock incentive plan.  Mr. O’Brien was granted an award of 26,292 restricted share units to be settled in Class A ordinary shares. These stock awards reflect our Compensation Committee’s assessment of each individual’s successful performance during 2018 with respect to further developing our underwriting platform, developing strategic partnerships and judiciously deploying underwriting capital in a difficult reinsurance marketplace, as well as our desire to retain these executives and align their interests with those of our shareholders.

In addition to the foregoing awards, pursuant to and subject to the terms and conditions of the Bonus Agreement, on September 22, 2019, Mr. Burton was awarded 236,295 Class A ordinary restricted shares pursuant to a restricted stock award agreement (the “September 2019 Restricted Stock Award Agreement”). Mr. Burton’s eligibility for the restricted shares to vest is subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee (as defined in that certain letter agreement by and between Credit Suisse (USA) LLC and the Company, dated as of May 28, 2019, as it may be amended from time to time) becoming due and payable (the “Vesting Time”), Mr. Burton’s continuous employment in good standing until immediately prior to the Vesting Time (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination for cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or due to disability (as defined in his employment agreement)), Mr. Burton signing and agreeing to be bound by a general release of claims and compliance by Mr. Burton with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which Mr. Burton may be bound through the Vesting Time. If all conditions are satisfied, the restricted shares will vest at the Vesting Time. If the Vesting Time does not occur on or prior to December 15, 2020, the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased for par value and cancelled by us.
For more details on these awards, see “Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control - Stock Incentive Plan and Awards Granted Thereunder.”
In 2020, under our stock incentive plan, our Compensation Committee approved and, on March 16, 2020, we granted Class A ordinary restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable, with values of $975,000 to Mr. Burton, $200,000 to Mr. Courtis, $200,000 to Mr. Barry, $279,850 to Mr. O’Brien and $285,000 to Ms. Accurso. The stock awards are equal to target for Messrs. Burton and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso and 42% and 50% of target for Mr. Courtis and Mr. Barry respectively, which reflect our Compensation Committee’s assessment of each individual’s overall performance in 2019 and our desire to retain these executives and align their interests with those of our shareholders.

Retirement Benefits

As with every employer in the Cayman Islands, we are required by the National Pensions Law to provide a pension plan for our employees in the Cayman Islands. We belong to the British Cayman Pension Plan, which is administered by British Caymanian Insurance Agencies Ltd. Under the Cayman Islands National Pensions Law, all employees between the ages of 18 and 60 must contribute a minimum of 5% of their earnings to a pension plan. An employee also has the option of contributing more than the prescribed minimum. We are required to match the contribution of the first 5% of each participating employee’s salary to a maximum salary amount of $106,098. The Company currently pays both the employee and employer portions of the plan. The pension plan is a defined contribution plan and, as such, the amount that an employee receives upon retirement is directly related to the amount contributed to the plan by, or on behalf of, the employee while working. Once an employee retires (employees become eligible for retirement at age 60 in the Cayman Islands), an employee has the following

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options for receiving benefits: (i) receive a cash payout if the employee’s retirement savings are less than $6,098; (ii) transfer the retirement savings to a life annuity for investment by a life insurance company and payment of a regular income stream to the employee for the remainder of the employee’s life (and the employee’s spouse’s life if the employee is married at the time of retirement); or (iii) transfer the retirement savings to a Retirement Savings Arrangement account with an approved provider or bank and receive regular income payments until the account is depleted.

GRIL has established a defined contribution Retirement Solutions plan with Irish Life. All employees of GRIL are eligible to participate in the plan, which has been approved by the Irish Revenue Commissioners. GRIL makes a contribution to the plan for all GRIL employees, with the contribution dependent upon the contractual commitment in each employee’s employment contract. Currently, contributions vary from 7.5% of base salary to 20% of base salary. Employees may also make personal contributions to the plan in accordance with Revenue Commissioner limits which are linked to the age of the employee. The pension plan is established under an irrevocable trust, with Mount Street Group acting as trustee.

Welfare Benefits/Perquisites

We offer certain limited welfare benefits and perquisites to our executives, including tax preparation and medical insurance.  We intend to continue to maintain our current welfare benefits and perquisites for our executive officers. However, our Compensation Committee may revise, amend or add to these benefit programs at its discretion.
 
Tax and Accounting Implications
 
The Compensation Committee considers the income tax consequences of individual compensation elements when analyzing the overall compensation paid to our NEOs.  Because we are not a U.S. taxpayer, our compensation program has not been designed to comply with U.S. Internal Revenue Code Section 162(m).  However, with respect to our U.S. taxpayer employees, we design our compensation arrangements taking into account U.S. Internal Revenue Code Sections 409A and 457A.

We are accounting for stock-based payments in accordance with and to the extent required by FASB ASC Topic 718.
 
Ordinary Share Ownership Guidelines
 
We believe that broad-based share ownership by our employees, including our NEOs, is the most effective method to deliver superior shareholder returns by increasing the alignment between the interests of our employees and our shareholders.  While the share ownership of each of our NEO’s is substantial, we do not have a formal requirement for share ownership by any group of employees including our NEOs. See “Principal Shareholders” below for each NEO’s shareholding.

Change in Control and Severance
 
Upon termination of employment or a change in control, in addition to certain bonuses referenced above, our NEOs may receive accelerated vesting of awards granted under our stock incentive plan and severance payments under their employment agreements.
 
Under our stock incentive plan, our Compensation Committee generally has the discretion to vest unvested awards upon a change in control as described below under “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control - The Stock Incentive Plan and Awards Granted Thereunder.” This discretion allows the Compensation Committee to determine at the time of the change in control whether, and the extent to which, additional vesting is warranted.  In addition, Mr. Burton’s option agreement and each NEO’s restricted share or restricted share unit award agreements, as applicable (other than certain of Mr. Burton’s restricted share agreements), provide for accelerated vesting upon termination of employment under certain circumstances, and/or also upon a change in control.  Mr. Burton’s restricted share award agreements provide for the award to remain outstanding and eligible to vest upon termination of employment under certain circumstances and Mr. Burton’s September 2019 Restricted Share Award Agreement provides for vesting, subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable, if all conditions are satisfied. Ms. Accurso’s employment agreement provides for equity-based awards to remain outstanding and subject to the vesting conditions upon termination of employment under certain circumstances. For more details on these termination provisions, see “Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control.”
 
Upon termination of employment without cause or for good reason (or, with respect to Mr. O’Brien, in the event prior notice (or pay in lieu of notice) is required by GRIL and other than in the case of death), our NEOs are eligible for severance

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payments. For more details on these payments, see “Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control - Employment Agreements.”

The amount of our severance obligations to our NEOs is designed to be competitive with the amounts payable to executives in similar positions at other global reinsurance companies with which we compete for talent.  Severance payments are made in substantially equal monthly installments and are generally contingent upon the NEO’s continued compliance with the restrictive covenants in his or her employment agreement.

On September 2, 2019, in order to align severance payable amongst similarly situated NEOs, the Employer entered into a second amendment to the employment agreement with Ms. Accurso. Pursuant to such amendment, Ms. Accurso’s cash severance payment upon a termination by the Employer without cause (as defined in her employment agreement) or by Ms. Accurso for good reason (as defined in her employment agreement) has been increased to one hundred percent (100%) of the sum of Ms. Accurso’s base salary and target bonus (assuming targets have been achieved), payable over twelve (12) months in substantially equal monthly installments.

Also on September 2, 2019, in order to align severance payable amongst similarly situated NEOs, GRIL entered into an amendment to the employment agreement with Patrick O’Brien. Pursuant to such amendment, Mr. O’Brien’s cash severance payment upon a termination by GRIL in circumstances where notice (or pay in lieu of notice) is required and other than in the case of Mr. O’Brien’s death has been increased to one hundred percent (100%) of the sum of Mr. O’Brien’s base salary and target bonus (assuming targets have been achieved), payable over twelve (12) months in substantially equal monthly installments.

Actions Taken in 2020

As previously disclosed, on April 30, 2020, the boards of directors of each of the Company and Greenlight Re approved the entry into a third amendment to the employment agreement with Ms. Accurso. Pursuant to such amendment, effective as of April 1, 2020, Ms. Accurso’s base salary is $500,000 per year.

As previously disclosed, on May 4, 2020, Greenlight Re and GRIL, as applicable, entered into a retention bonus agreement with each of Mr. Burton, Mr. Courtis, Mr. Barry, Mr. O’Brien and Ms. Accurso (each, a “Retention Bonus Agreement”).
Pursuant and subject to the terms and conditions of each Retention Bonus Agreement, each of Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso is eligible to receive a retention bonus in the aggregate amount of $500,000, $200,000, $200,000, $200,000 and $300,000, respectively (each, a “Retention Bonus”), subject to, among other things, the executive’s continuous employment by the Company, Greenlight Re or GRIL, as applicable, in good standing through and including June 30, 2021 (the “Retention Date”) (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination, in the case of Messrs. Burton, Courtis and Barry and Ms. Accurso, by the Employer for cause (as defined in each executive’s employment agreement) or due to disability (as defined in the executive’s employment agreement) or, in the case of Mr. O’Brien, for a reason that permits GRIL to terminate employment without notice or payment in lieu of notice as provided for in his employment agreement) and compliance by the executive with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which the executive may be bound through the Payment Date (as defined below). If all conditions are satisfied, the Retention Bonus will be paid to the executive in a lump sum cash payment on July 1, 2021 (the “Payment Date”).
If the Employer or GRIL, as applicable, terminates the executive’s employment, in the case of Messrs. Burton, Courtis and Barry and Ms. Accurso, without cause (other than due to death or disability) or, in the case of Mr. O’Brien, for a reason that requires GRIL to terminate employment with notice or payment in lieu of notice as provided for in his employment agreement (and other than due to death), prior to the Retention Date, and all other conditions are otherwise satisfied, the executive will be entitled to receive the Retention Bonus in a lump sum cash payment on the Payment Date.
Notwithstanding anything in the Retention Bonus Agreement to the contrary, (i) except as otherwise described above regarding a termination without cause (other than due to death or disability) or for a reason that requires notice or pay in lieu of notice (and other than due to death), as applicable, if (x) the executive’s employment terminates for any reason at any time or (y) the executive has given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination, in the case of Messrs. Burton, Courtis and Barry and Ms. Accurso, by the Employer for cause or due to disability or, in the case of Mr. O’Brien, for a reason that permits GRIL to terminate employment without notice or payment in lieu of notice as provided in the employment agreement, in any such case, the executive’s Retention Bonus Agreement will automatically terminate without any further action and will be null and void and have no further force and effect and the executive will have no rights thereunder, and (ii) if the executive breaches any confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement, and assignment of inventions

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provisions by which the executive may be bound, the executive’s Retention Bonus Agreement will automatically terminate without any further action and will be null and void and have no further force and effect and the executive will have no rights thereunder.
    
In addition, on May 27, 2020, the GRIL Board approved that Mr. O’Brien’s pension contribution be replaced by a pension allowance, which pension allowance will not result in additional consideration to be paid by GRIL.

Also, as previously disclosed, on July 30, 2020, we accelerated the vesting (the "Acceleration") of part of an award of restricted Class A ordinary shares (the “Award”) that was previously granted to Mr. Burton that was subject to performance-based vesting criteria not based on the market price for the Class A ordinary shares. In connection with the Acceleration, the Award was amended and restated (the “Amended Award”). Pursuant to the Amended Award, and as a result of the Acceleration, 72,545 Class A ordinary shares vested on July 30, 2020. The remainder of the Amended Award is still subject to performance-based vesting criteria not based on the market price for the Class A ordinary shares.

Effective September 4, 2020, Brendan Barry resigned as Chief Underwriting Officer of the Company and Greenlight Re.


Compensation Committee Report
 
In July 2020, our Compensation Committee reviewed and discussed the compensation discussion and analysis required by Regulation S-K, Item 402(b) promulgated under the Exchange Act, with management.  Based on the review and discussions referred to in the preceding sentence, our Compensation Committee recommended to our Board of Directors that this compensation discussion and analysis disclosure be included in this Proxy Statement.
 
The foregoing report is provided by the following directors, who constitute the Compensation Committee:
 
The Compensation Committee
 
Ian Isaacs (Chairman)
Joseph Platt
Bryan Murphy
 
The foregoing Compensation Committee Report (this “Report”) shall not be incorporated by reference in any previous or future documents filed by the Company with the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates the Report by reference in any filed document.
 

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Compensation Risk Assessment
 
Our Compensation Committee, together with management, conducted a risk assessment of our compensation programs.  Our Compensation Committee concluded that our compensation programs are designed with the appropriate balance of risk and reward in relation to our overall business strategy and thus discourage excessive risk-taking.  Our Compensation Committee therefore determined that the risks arising from our compensation policies and practices for employees are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our company.  The Company’s current compensation structure contains various features that mitigate risks. For example:
 
We have an entrepreneurial culture which encourages employees to think like owners;

We offer a balance of compensation elements with the majority of compensation related to long-term performance;

We set reasonable bonus targets for executives and employees and require that certain performance metrics are achieved before bonuses will be paid;

The design of our quantitative bonus program provides for the calculation and payment of bonuses once business develops instead of based on the initial accounting of underwriting; 

Our Compensation Committee has the discretion to make adjustments to the quantitative bonus pool due to significant deficiencies;

The structure of our quantitative bonus program rewards employees and NEOs based on the economic underwriting performance of the Company as compared to top line premium targets which could encourage excessive risk taking among employees to achieve such targets;

The structure of our quantitative bonus program provide that underwriting losses experienced in a year are carried forward and applied against future years’ underwriting profits before quantitative bonuses are awarded; and

All of the equity awards granted to employees under the Company’s stock incentive plan are generally subject to multi-year time vesting, which requires an employee to commit to a longer period of employment for such awards to be valuable.
 
We will continue to evaluate our compensation programs with respect to risk going forward and will consider changes necessary to prevent incentives to take excessive risk.



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SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
 
The following Summary Compensation Table sets forth the compensation earned by the NEOs for services rendered in all capacities to the Company and its subsidiaries in 2019, 2018 and 2017, as applicable.
Name and Principal Position
 
Year
 
Salary
($)
 
Bonus
($)
(1)
 
Stock Awards
($)
(2)
 
Option Awards
($)
(3)
 
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation
($)
(4)
 
All Other Compensation
($)
(5)
 
Total
($)
Simon Burton,
Chief Executive Officer
 
2019
 
650,000

 
600,000

 
0

 

 

 
10,610

 
1,260,610

 
 
2018
 
650,000

 
600,000

 
0

 

 

 
10,610

 
1,260,610

 
 
2017
 
325,000

 
250,000

 

 
4,610,112

 

 
5,305

 
5,190,417

Tim Courtis,
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
2019
 
422,000

 
80,000

 
475,000

 

 
27,920

 
10,610

 
1,015,530

 
 
2018
 
422,000

 
125,000

 
350,000

 

 
9,795

 
10,610

 
917,405

 
 
2017
 
422,000

 
120,000

 
475,000

 

 
48,687

 
10,610

 
1,076,297

Brendan Barry,
Chief Underwriting Officer
 
2019
 
500,000

 
80,000

 
400,000

 

 
61,070

 
10,610

 
1,051,680

 
 
2018
 
500,000

 
430,000

 
400,000

 

 
21,425

 
10,610

 
1,362,035

 
 
2017
 
472,000

 
94,400

 
350,000

 

 
106,499

 
10,610

 
1,033,509

Patrick O’Brien,
Chief Executive Officer, GRIL
(6)
 
2019
 
358,208

 
100,746

 
285,000

 

 

 
71,642

 
815,596

 
 
2018
 
353,160

 
211,896

 
194,400

 

 

 
70,632

 
830,088

 
 
2017
 
341,070

 
102,321

 
116,827

 

 

 
68,214

 
628,432

Laura Accurso,
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 
2019
 
390,000

 
200,000

 
250,000

 

 
25,935

 
10,610

 
876,545

 
 
2018
 
355,000

 
180,000

 
128,850

 

 
9,098

 
10,610

 
683,558

 
(1) 
The amounts shown in this column for 2019 represent the discretionary portion of the NEO’s 2019 bonus paid on March 13, 2020. Additionally, for Mr. Barry the 2018 amount includes a $300,000 retention bonus paid to him on March 15, 2018.
(2) 
All stock awards were granted under the our stock incentive plan. The value reported above in the “Stock Awards” column is the aggregate grant date fair value for each NEO’s award determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation”.  Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The grant date fair value for Mr. Burton’s restricted share award in 2018 was computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 based upon the probable outcome that the performance conditions were not expected to be met as of the grant date. Assuming the highest level of performance achievement as of the grant date, the aggregate grant date value of the award would have been $487,500. The grant date fair value for Mr. Burton’s restricted share award in March 2019 was computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 based upon the probable outcome that the performance conditions were not expected to be met as of the grant date. Assuming the highest level of performance achievement as of the grant date, the aggregate grant date value of the award would have been $975,000. The grant date fair value for Mr. Burton’s restricted share award in September 2019 was computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 based upon the probable outcome that the performance conditions were not expected to be met as of the grant date. Assuming the highest level of performance achievement as of the grant date, the aggregate grant date value of the award would have been $2,500,000.
The values reported for Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry, and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso represent restricted share or restricted share unit awards, as applicable, that relate to the prior years’ bonus amounts.
(3) 
All option awards were granted under our stock incentive plan. The value reported above in the “Option Awards” column is the aggregate grant date fair value for the option awards granted in 2017, determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation”. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The value reported for Mr. Burton relates to the grant of options issued to him in 2017 as a one-time special award in accordance with his employment agreement.

33

                                            

(4) 
For the 2019 year, the value reported above in the “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” column is the amount paid to the applicable NEOs on March 13, 2020 and relates to the final installment of the 2014 underwriting year bonus. As discussed in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” section of this proxy statement, in 2012, our Compensation Committee amended the quantitative component of our bonus program to extend payment terms for underwriting years 2012 and beyond.  After a two year transition commencing with the 2012 underwriting year, a quantitative bonus will be calculated and payable in three annual installments following the third, fourth and fifth years after the applicable underwriting year. Accordingly, quantitative bonuses are not earned in the year in which the business is underwritten, but rather, they are earned at the end of the applicable performance period.
As of December 31, 2019, given below threshold underwriting results reported for underwriting years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 we do not expect any quantitative bonus amounts to be paid in respect of these underwriting years. In respect of the 2019 underwriting year, we estimate that the quantitative bonus amounts which are payable in installments in 2023, 2024 and 2025, after reductions for losses carried forward from previous underwriting years, would equal approximately $55,600, $7,500, $20,300, $12,100 and $7,000 for Mr. Burton, Courtis, Barry, O’Brien and Ms. Accurso, respectively. We note, however, that these amounts will be adjusted based on changes in underwriting results and investment income accrued on these balances and the ultimate amount paid could be materially different than the estimates provided. Additionally, because our Compensation Committee has discretion to pay more or less than the amount resulting from the performance based funding calculation, the ultimate amount of the quantitative portion of the bonus for each NEO may differ from the estimate provided herein.
(5) 
The amounts shown in this column for 2019 include amounts contributed to the defined contribution plans in which our employees participate on behalf of each of Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry, and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso.
(6) 
Because he is based in Ireland, Mr. O’Brien’s cash compensation is generally paid to him in Euros rather than United States dollars. Amounts reported as “Salary,” “Bonus,” and “All Other Compensation” are based on an average conversion rate for 2019, which was $1.1194 United States dollars for each Euro.
  

GRANTS OF PLAN BASED AWARDS IN FISCAL YEAR 2019

Our Compensation Committee, or our Board of Directors acting as our Compensation Committee, granted restricted share awards and restricted share unit awards under our stock incentive plan and established target quantitative bonuses for our NEOs in 2019.  Additionally, in September 2019, the Compensation Committee awarded Mr. Burton a cash bonus opportunity and restricted share awards which are payable or vest, as applicable subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable. Set forth in the following table is information regarding restricted share awards and restricted share unit awards granted in 2019, estimated 2019 quantitative bonus amounts, and Mr. Burton’s cash bonus opportunity.


34

                                            

 
Grant Date
Approval Date
Estimated Future Payouts Under Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards
Estimated Future Payouts Under Equity Incentive Plan Awards
All Other Stock Awards: Number of Shares of Stock or Units (#) (5)
All Other Option Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Options (#)
Exercise or Base Price of Option Awards ($/Sh)
Grant Date Fair Value of Stock and Option Awards
($)
(6)
 
 
 
 
Threshold (#)
Target/Maximum (#)
 
 
 
 
Simon Burton (3)
3/15/2019
2/19/2019

1

89,945




0

Simon Burton (4)
9/22/2019
9/22/2019


236,295




0

Simon Burton (1)
 
 
55,604







Simon Burton (2)
 
 
2,500,000







Tim Courtis
3/15/2019
2/19/2019



43,819



475,000

Tim Courtis (1)
 
 
7,521







Brendan Barry
3/15/2019
2/19/2019



36,900



400,000

Brendan Barry (1)
 
 
20,272

 
 
 
 
 

Patrick O’Brien
3/15/2019
2/19/2019



26,292



285,000

Patrick O’Brien (1)
 
 
12,113







Laura Accurso
3/15/2019
2/19/2019



23,063



250,000

Laura Accurso (1)
 
 
6,950







___________

(1) 
The amounts reflect the NEO’s estimated quantitative bonus amounts with respect to the 2019 underwriting year, net of any applicable loss carry forward. The 2019 underwriting year result was negatively impacted by natural catastrophe events, however as of December 31, 2019, a small underwriting profit is expected.
(2) 
The amount represents the cash bonus opportunity granted to Mr. Burton under the Bonus Agreement on September 22, 2019. Mr. Burton’s eligibility to receive the cash bonus is subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable (the date on which the Transaction Fee becomes due and payable, the “Fee Date”), Mr. Burton’s continuous employment in good standing until and on the Fee Date (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination for cause or due to disability), Mr. Burton signing and agreeing to be bound by a general release of claims and compliance by Mr. Burton with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which Mr. Burton may be bound through the Payment Date. If all conditions are satisfied, the cash bonus will be paid in a lump sum cash payment on the 60th day following the Fee Date (the “Payment Date”). If the Fee Date does not occur on or prior to December 15, 2020, the Bonus Agreement will automatically terminate.
(3) 
The amount represents a grant on March 15, 2019 of restricted shares made pursuant to our stock incentive plan to Mr. Burton. Such restricted share award is subject to performance vesting conditions (i.e., the Combined Ratio) measured over the six year period from January 1, 2018 until December 31, 2023 and, subject to the terms and conditions of the award agreement, the earned shares, if any, will vest on March 15, 2024. The number of restricted shares earned, if any, is based on the cumulative all-in Combined Ratio for the Performance Period, as modified by the Adjusted Measurement, to the extent applicable, and is determined as follows: if the Combined Ratio is 97% or less, then Mr. Burton will earn all 89,945 restricted shares; if the Combined Ratio is above 97% and less than 102%, then the number of shares to be earned will be determined based on linear interpolation between the points; and if the Combined Ratio is 102% and higher then none of the restricted shares will be earned.
(4) 
The amount represents a grant on September 22, 2019 of restricted shares made pursuant to our stock incentive plan to Mr. Burton. Mr. Burton’s eligibility for the restricted shares to vest is subject to, among other things, the Transaction

35

                                            

Fee becoming due and payable, Mr. Burton’s continuous employment in good standing until the Vesting Time (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination for cause or due to disability), Mr. Burton signing and agreeing to be bound by a general release of claims and compliance by Mr. Burton with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which Mr. Burton may be bound through the Vesting Time. If all conditions are satisfied, the restricted shares will vest at the Vesting Time. If the Vesting Time does not occur on or prior to December 15, 2020, the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased for par value and cancelled by the Company.
(5) 
The amount represents a grant of restricted shares or restricted share units, as applicable, made pursuant to our stock incentive plan to each of Messrs. Courtis, Barry, and O’Brien and Ms. Accurso.  Each such restricted share/restricted share unit award is subject to three-year cliff vesting.
(6) 
The amounts reflect the aggregate grant date fair value for each NEO’s restricted share or restricted share unit awards granted in 2019, determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation”. The grant date fair value for Mr. Burton’s March 15, 2019 restricted share award was computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 based upon the probable outcome that the performance conditions were not expected to be met as of the grant date. Assuming the highest level of performance achievement as of the grant date, the aggregate grant date value of the award would have been $975,000. The grant date fair value for Mr. Burton’s September 22, 2019 restricted share award was computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 based upon the probable outcome that the performance conditions were not expected to be met as of the grant date. Assuming the highest level of performance achievement as of the grant date, the aggregate grant date value of the award would have been $2,500,000.

Employment Agreements
 
The following paragraphs summarize the material terms of the employment agreements of our NEOs.  The severance provisions of these agreements are summarized in the section entitled “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control” below.
 
Simon Burton. In connection with his appointment as Chief Executive Officer, we entered into an employment agreement, effective July 1, 2017, with Mr. Burton.  Pursuant to Mr. Burton’s employment agreement, Mr. Burton is employed by us as Chief Executive Officer for a fixed three year term with an automatic three year renewal unless the Company or Mr. Burton gives written notice of non-renewal at least 180 days in advance of the expiry of the fixed term. Mr. Burton will be entitled to receive an annual base salary of not less than $650,000, subject to increase as determined by the Board, and is eligible to be considered for an annual discretionary bonus with pre-established performance metrics with a target equal to 120% of base salary. Mr. Burton is also eligible to participate in our employee benefit plans and insurance programs and will also be reimbursed for certain tax preparation expenses.

As soon as practicable following his employment commencement date, Mr. Burton was entitled to a grant of a stock option to acquire 480,000 Class A ordinary shares with a per share exercise price equal to the fair market value per share on the date of grant. Such options will be exercisable over a ten year period following the date of grant and will vest as to 80,000 shares on June 30 of each of the first six anniversaries of June 30, 2017 contingent on Mr. Burton’s continued employment with us. Mr. Burton is also eligible to receive a discretionary award under our long-term incentive plan following the end of each calendar year of employment with a target of $975,000 of restricted Class A ordinary shares (or, in respect of the period July 1, 2017-December 31, 2017 only, $487,500), subject to performance vesting conditions generally measured for the six year period beginning with the year immediately preceding the grant date.

Following Mr. Burton’s employment with us, in addition to perpetual confidentiality and non-disparagement restrictive covenants, Mr. Burton is subject to a six-month post-termination non-competition restriction, a twelve-month post-termination non-solicitation restriction with respect to employees and a twelve month post-termination non-solicitation restriction with respect to customers and clients.

Tim Courtis.  We entered into an employment agreement, effective May 1, 2006 (as amended on December 30, 2008 and February 18, 2009 and by written notification on February 28, 2014 and effective as of January 1, 2014), with Tim Courtis under which he serves as our Chief Financial Officer.  The employment agreement does not have a fixed term.  Mr. Courtis receives an annual base salary of not less than $422,000, subject to increase as determined by our Board of Directors, and an annual performance-based bonus with a target equal to 50% of base salary.  Mr. Courtis is entitled to participate in our employee benefit plans and insurance programs.

Mr. Courtis is also subject to a six-month post-termination non-competition restriction and a one-year post-termination non-solicitation restriction in addition to perpetual confidentiality and non-disparagement requirements.


36

                                            

Brendan Barry. We entered into an employment agreement, effective September 18, 2006 (as amended by written notification on February 27, 2009, March 11, 2011, August 15, 2011 and October 27, 2014 and as further amended as of March 15, 2018), with Brendan Barry under which he serves as Chief Underwriting Officer.  The employment agreement does not have a fixed term.  Mr. Barry receives an annual base salary of not less than $500,000, subject to increase as determined by our Board of Directors, and an annual performance-based bonus with a target equal to 65% of base salary. Mr. Barry is entitled to participate in our employee benefit plans and insurance programs.  

Mr. Barry is also subject to a six-month post-termination non-competition restriction and a one-year post-termination non-solicitation restriction in addition to perpetual confidentiality and non-disparagement requirements.

Patrick O’Brien. GRIL entered into an employment agreement with Mr. O’Brien, dated as of February 16, 2018, which was amended as of September 2, 2019, in connection with the increase of his cash severance payment. Pursuant to Mr. O’Brien’s employment agreement, he serves as Chief Executive Officer of GRIL. The employment agreement does not have a fixed term.  Mr. O’Brien receives an annual base salary of €320,000, subject to increase as determined by our Chief Executive Officer in accordance with the terms of the agreement, and is eligible to be considered for an annual discretionary bonus based on pre-established performance metrics with a target equal to 60% of base salary. In addition, Mr. O’Brien is eligible to receive equity awards subject to the terms of our long term incentive plan. Mr. O’Brien is also entitled to participate in our employee benefit plans and insurance programs.  Mr. O’Brien is entitled to receive an annual contribution equal to 20% of his base salary into the defined contribution occupational pension scheme.

Mr. O’Brien is also subject to a six month post-termination non-competition restriction and a six month post-termination non-solicitation restriction, in addition to perpetual confidentiality and non-disparagement requirements.

Laura Accurso. We entered into an employment agreement with Ms. Accurso, dated as of October 1, 2017, which was amended as of February 18, 2019, in connection with the increase in her annual base salary, and, as discussed above, was further amended as of September 2, 2019, in connection with the increase of her cash severance payment and, as discussed above, was further amended as of May 1, 2020, in connection with the further increase in her annual base salary. Pursuant to Ms. Accurso’s employment agreement, Ms. Accurso serves as our General Counsel. The employment agreement does not have a fixed term. Ms. Accurso is entitled to receive an annual base salary of $390,000 (which amount, as noted above, was increased to $500,000, effective as of April 1, 2020), subject to increase as determined by the Chief Executive Officer, and is eligible to be considered for an annual discretionary bonus with pre-established performance metrics with a target equal to 50% of base salary. Ms. Accurso is also eligible to participate in our employee benefit plans and insurance programs.

Following Ms. Accurso’s employment with us, in addition to perpetual confidentiality and non-disparagement restrictive covenants, Ms. Accurso is subject to a six-month post-termination non-competition restriction and a six-month post-termination non-solicitation restriction with respect to employees, customers and clients.

Other Bonuses

The Company and Greenlight Re entered into a Bonus Agreement with Mr. Burton, dated as of September 22, 2019. Pursuant and subject to the terms and conditions of the Bonus Agreement, Mr. Burton is eligible to receive a cash bonus in the aggregate amount of $2,500,000. Mr. Burton’s eligibility to receive the cash bonus is subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable, Mr. Burton’s continuous employment in good standing until and on the Fee Date (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination for cause or due to disability), Mr. Burton signing and agreeing to be bound by a general release of claims and compliance by Mr. Burton with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which Mr. Burton may be bound through the Payment Date. If all conditions are satisfied, the cash bonus will be paid in a lump sum cash payment on the sixtieth (60th) day following the Fee Date. If the Fee Date does not occur on or prior to December 15, 2020, the Bonus Agreement will automatically terminate. The termination provisions of the Bonus Agreement are summarized in the section entitled “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control” below.


37

                                            

The Stock Incentive Plan
 
General
 
On August 12, 2004, we adopted the Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd. 2004 stock incentive plan, or the stock incentive plan, which was amended and restated on August 15, 2005, February 14, 2007, May 4, 2007, April 28, 2010 and April 26, 2017.  The general purpose of the stock incentive plan is to enable us and our affiliates to retain the services of eligible employees, directors and consultants through the grant of stock options, stock bonuses and rights to acquire restricted shares (collectively referred to as the awards).
 
Subject to adjustment in accordance with the terms of the stock incentive plan, 5,000,000 Class A ordinary shares are available for the grant of awards under the stock incentive plan.  The maximum number of Class A ordinary shares with respect to which options may be granted to any participant during any calendar year is 500,000 Class A ordinary shares.  As of December 31, 2019, 2,054,627 options and 2,389,568 restricted shares or restricted share units, net of forfeitures, have been granted under the stock incentive plan.

On February 14, 2017, our Board of Directors adopted, subject to shareholder approval, which was obtained on April 26, 2017, an amended and restated stock incentive plan, which increased the number of Class A ordinary shares authorized for issuance under the stock incentive plan by 1.5 million Class A ordinary shares to 5,000,000 Class A ordinary shares. In addition, the amendment and restatement of the plan extended the termination date of the stock incentive plan from April 27, 2020 to April 27, 2024.

On July 30, 2020, our Board of Directors adopted, subject to shareholder approval, an amended and restated stock incentive plan, which increases the number of Class A ordinary shares authorized for issuance under the stock incentive plan by 3.0 million Class A ordinary shares to 8.0 million Class A ordinary shares.

Administration
 
Our Compensation Committee administers the stock incentive plan and has broad discretion, subject to the terms of the stock incentive plan, to determine which eligible participants will be granted awards, prescribe the terms and conditions of awards, establish rules and regulations for the interpretation and administration of the stock incentive plan and adopt any modifications, procedures or sub-plans that may be necessary or desirable to comply with the laws of foreign countries in which we or our affiliates operate to assure the viability of awards granted under the stock incentive plan.
 
Options
 
Options are subject to such terms and conditions as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate.  Our Compensation Committee determines the per share exercise price of options which will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the Class A ordinary shares on the date of grant.  Options generally expire ten years from the date of grant and vest and become exercisable as determined by our Compensation Committee.
 
Unless otherwise provided in an individual option agreement and subject to the stock incentive plan’s adjustment provision, a change of control will not affect any options granted under the stock incentive plan.

Restricted Shares and Restricted Share Units
 
Restricted shares and restricted share units are subject to such terms and conditions as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate as set forth in individual award agreements.  Participants may be entitled to vote the restricted shares while held in our custody.  Participants are not entitled to vote the restricted share units while held. Our Compensation Committee determines the purchase price, if any, of restricted Class A ordinary shares.
 
Stock Bonus Awards
 
Our Compensation Committee may also grant stock bonus awards under the stock incentive plan subject to such terms and conditions as our Compensation Committee deems appropriate.  The stock incentive plan provides that stock bonus awards can be awarded for past service and/or conditioned on continued future services.  In the event that stock bonus awards are subject to continued service conditions, the stock incentive plan provides that a stock bonus award may (but need not) be subject to repurchase by us at par value if the participant does not fully satisfy any continued service conditions established for such stock bonus awards. 

38

                                            

 
Adjustments
 
Our Compensation Committee will determine the appropriate adjustments to be made in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available with respect to an award upon the occurrence of certain events affecting our capitalization such as a dividend or other distribution, recapitalization, reclassification, stock split, reverse stock split, reorganization, merger, consolidation, spin-off or sale, transfer or disposition of all or substantially all of our assets or stock.  For example, our Compensation Committee may adjust the number of Class A ordinary shares subject to outstanding awards and the exercise price of outstanding options.

Amendment/Termination
 
Our Board of Directors may amend the stock incentive plan at any time.  Except as provided in the stock incentive plan, no amendment will be effective unless approved by our shareholders to the extent shareholder approval is necessary to satisfy any applicable law or any national securities exchange listing requirement, and no amendment will be made that would adversely affect rights under an award previously granted under the stock incentive plan without the consent of the affected participants.  Our Compensation Committee may suspend or terminate the stock incentive plan at any time.
 
Unless sooner terminated, the stock incentive plan will terminate on April 27, 2024.


OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR END 2019

Option Awards
 
Stock Awards
Name     
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options Exercisable    
(#)   
 
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options Unexercisable   (#)   
 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options
(#)
 
Option Exercise Price
($)
 
Option Expiration Date
 
Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested
(#)
(1)
 
Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested   
($)
(2)  
 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested
(#)
(1)
 
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested
($)
(2)
Simon Burton
 
160,000

 
320,000

(3) 

 
21.20

 
7/6/2027

 

 

 

 

Simon Burton
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
356,900

(4) (5) (6) 
3,608,259

Tim Courtis
 

 

 

 

 

 
87,772

(7) 
887,375

 

 

Brendan Barry
 

 

 

 

 

 
78,223

(8) 
790,835

 

 

Patrick O’Brien
 

 

 

 

 

 
45,280

(9) 
457,781

 

 

Laura Accurso
 

 

 

 

 

 
34,862

(10) 
352,455

 

 

    
    
(1) 
Reflects grants of restricted shares and restricted share units made pursuant to our stock incentive plan.  All restricted shares and restricted share units are subject to three-year cliff vesting, other than Mr. Burton’s restricted shares as noted below.
(2) 
Assumes a stock price of $10.11, the closing price of the Class A ordinary shares on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year.
(3) 
Mr. Burton was granted an option to purchase 480,000 Class A ordinary shares on July 6, 2017 in accordance with the terms of his employment agreement. The option became exercisable with respect to 80,000 shares on June 30, 2018 and an additional 80,000 shares on June 30, 2019. The remaining portion of the option will become exercisable with

39

                                            

respect to 80,000 shares on each June 30 in 2020 through to June 30, 2023, generally subject to his continued employment on each applicable vesting date.
(4) 
Mr. Burton was granted 30,660 Class A ordinary restricted shares on March 15, 2018 subject (i) to performance vesting conditions (i.e., the Combined Ratio) measured over the five and one-half year period from July 1, 2017 until December 31, 2022 and (ii) generally to continued employment through and including the applicable vesting date (i.e., the fifth anniversary of the date of grant). The Combined Ratio will be determined after the end of the performance prior but prior to March 15, 2023. Accordingly, the actual number of shares earned will be determined following the end of the performance period. The numbers reflected with respect to this award assume achievement of the performance goals at the full target level.
(5) 
Mr. Burton was granted 89,945 Class A ordinary restricted shares on March 15, 2019 subject (i) to performance vesting conditions (i.e., the Combined Ratio) measured over the six year period from January 1, 2018 until December 31, 2023 and (ii) generally to continued employment through and including the applicable vesting date (i.e., the fifth anniversary of the date of grant). The Combined Ratio will be determined after the end of the performance prior but prior to March 15, 2024. Accordingly, the actual number of shares earned will be determined following the end of the performance period. The numbers reflected with respect to this award assume achievement of the performance goals at the full target level.
(6) 
Mr. Burton was granted 236,295 Class A ordinary restricted shares on September 22, 2019. Mr. Burton’s eligibility for the restricted shares to vest is subject to, among other things, the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable, Mr. Burton’s continuous employment in good standing until the Vesting Time (and not having given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination for cause or due to disability), Mr. Burton signing and agreeing to be bound by a general release of claims and compliance by Mr. Burton with any and all confidentiality, non-competition, non-solicitation, non-disparagement and assignment of inventions provisions by which Mr. Burton may be bound through the Vesting Time. If all conditions are satisfied, the restricted shares will vest at the Vesting Time. If the Vesting Time does not occur on or prior to December 15, 2020, the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased for par value and cancelled by the Company. The numbers reflected with respect to this award assume achievement of the performance goal.
(7) 
Mr. Courtis was awarded 21,940 restricted shares on March 15, 2017, 22,013 restricted shares on March 15, 2018 and 43,819 restricted shares on March 15, 2019. These restricted shares will vest on the third anniversary of each grant date, respectively, generally subject to his continued employment on each applicable vesting date.
(8) 
Mr. Barry was awarded 16,166 restricted shares on March 15, 2017, 25,157 restricted shares on March 15, 2018 and 36,900 restricted shares on March 15, 2019.  These restricted shares will vest on the third anniversary of each grant date, respectively, generally subject to his continued employment on each applicable vesting date.
(9) 
Mr. O’Brien was awarded 4,976 restricted share units on March 15, 2017, 14,012 restricted share units on March 15, 2018 and 26,292 restricted share units on March 15, 2019.  These restricted share units will vest on the third anniversary of the grant date, generally subject to his continued employment on each applicable vesting date.
(10) 
Ms. Accurso was awarded 3,695 restricted shares on March 15, 2017, 8,104 restricted shares on March 15, 2018 and 23,063 restricted shares on March 15, 2019.  These restricted shares will vest on the third anniversary of each grant date, respectively, generally subject to her continued employment on each applicable vesting date.

Option Exercises and Stock Vested in Fiscal 2019
 
The following table provides information regarding the stock awards that vested in 2019.
 
 
 
Option Awards
 
Stock Awards
Name
 
Number of Shares Acquired on Exercise (#)
 
Value Realized on Exercise ($) (1)
 
Number of Shares Acquired On Vesting (#)
 
Value Realized on Vesting ($) (2)
Simon Burton
 
 
 
 
Tim Courtis
 
 
 
27,539
 
301,277
Brendan Barry
 
 
 
20,292
 
221,994
Patrick O’Brien
 
 
 
 
Laura Accurso
 
 
 
3,711
 
40,598
__________
(1) 
Based upon the per share exercise price and the closing share price on the date of exercise.
(2) 
Based upon the closing share price ($10.94) on the date upon which the shares fully vested (March 15, 2019).


40

                                            


Pension Benefits
 
None of our NEOs participates in a qualified or non-qualified defined benefit pension plan sponsored by us.
 
Non-qualified Deferred Compensation in Fiscal Year 2019

None of our NEOs participates in a non-qualified defined contribution or other non-qualified deferred compensation plan.



POTENTIAL PAYMENTS UPON TERMINATION OR CHANGE IN CONTROL
 
Burton, Courtis, Barry and Accurso Employment Agreements
 
In the event that we terminate any of Mr. Burton’s, Mr. Courtis’, Mr. Barry’s or Ms. Accurso’s employment without cause (as defined below) including, with respect to Mr. Burton, as a result of our election not to renew the current term, or any of those NEOs terminates his or her employment for good reason (as defined below), we will pay him or her accrued but unpaid base salary, any earned but unpaid bonus earned for the year immediately prior to the year in which the termination occurs (or, with respect to Mr. Burton and Ms. Accurso, any bonus earned under the terms of the compensation plan for years prior to the year in which the termination occurs, payable in accordance with the terms of such plan) and any accrued but unused vacation pay (collectively, the “Accrued Obligations”) and a pro-rated portion of the target bonus that would have been paid for the year in which his or her employment terminated assuming applicable targets had been achieved (the “Pro-Rated Bonus”), as soon as practicable following termination. In addition, we will pay Messrs. Burton, Courtis and Barry and Ms. Accurso severance in twelve substantially equal monthly installments equal to the sum of his or her annual base salary and target bonus assuming targets had been achieved, provided that each such NEO does not breach the restrictive covenants in his or her employment agreement (described above).  Ms. Accurso and her spouse and dependents are entitled to receive health benefits for a period of six months following the termination date in connection with any termination of employment. Because he would need to relocate upon his termination from the Company, Mr. Courtis is also entitled to receive an additional $25,000 lump sum payment at the same time he receives his first monthly severance payment.  Any termination of Mr. Burton’s employment by us without cause requires at least 180 days’ prior notice. Any termination of Ms. Accurso’s employment by us without cause requires at least 90 days’ prior notice.
 
If any of Messrs. Burton’s, Courtis’ or Barry’s or Ms. Accurso’s employment terminates as a result of his or her death, his or her beneficiary, legal representatives or estate will become entitled to the Accrued Obligations and Pro-Rated Bonus, as soon as practicable following termination, and, as noted above for Ms. Accurso, for her spouse and dependents, health benefits for a period of six months following the termination date. In addition, Messrs. Courtis’ and Barry’s spouse and dependents will become entitled to receive health benefits for one year.  We may terminate any of Mr. Burton’s, Mr. Courtis’ or Mr. Barry’s or Ms. Accurso’s employment if he or she becomes disabled (upon 30 days’ prior written notice in the case of Messrs. Courtis and Barry).  If any of Mr. Burton’s, Mr. Courtis’, Mr. Barry’s or Ms. Accurso’s employment terminates because of disability, he or she will become entitled to the Accrued Obligations and Pro-Rated Bonus, as soon as practicable following termination and, as noted above for Ms. Accurso and her spouse and dependents, health benefits for a period of six months following the termination date and, solely for Messrs. Courtis and Barry, base salary and continued health benefits for the lesser of one year or until he is eligible to receive long-term disability benefits under any long-term disability plan that we may establish.  Continued base salary payments will be paid in accordance with our regular payroll schedule.  If we are not able to provide any of Mr. Courtis or Mr. Barry, their spouses or dependents with continued participation in our health plan, we will pay for the cost of such benefits which does not exceed the amount which we would have paid if they have been entitled to participate.  The cost of such benefits will be paid in accordance with the procedures we establish.

If Mr. Barry’s employment is terminated by him (other than for good reason), we will pay him, in addition to the Accrued Obligations, an amount equal to one-half of his annual base salary in six equal monthly installments, provided that he does not breach the restrictive covenants in his employment agreement.
 
We may require that Mr. Burton, Mr. Courtis, Mr. Barry or Ms. Accurso execute a release of claims against us as a condition for compensation or benefits payable upon any termination of employment (other than the Accrued Obligations in the case of Mr. Burton and Ms. Accurso).
 

41

                                            

For purposes of Mr. Burton’s and Ms. Accurso’s employment agreements, “cause” generally means any of the following:

misconduct on the part of the NEO so serious that we cannot reasonably be expected to take any action other than termination;

further misconduct on the part of the NEO within 12 months of the issue of a formal written warning in respect of misconduct so serious that we cannot reasonably be expected to tolerate any repetition thereof; and

a failure by the NEO to commence performance of his or her duties in a satisfactory manner within one month of the issue of a formal written warning in respect thereof.

For these purposes misconduct includes (but is not limited to):

habitual drug or alcohol use which impairs the ability of the NEO to perform his or her duties (other than where such drug is prescribed by and administered in accordance with the instructions of a qualified physician);

commission of a criminal offense in the course of employment (other than a minor traffic offense);

willful violation of the restrictive covenants set forth in the employment agreement;

willful failure or refusal to perform duties after a written demand for performance is delivered to the NEO by our Board of Directors that specifically identifies the manner in which our Board of Directors believes that the NEO has failed or refused to perform his or her duties; and

breach of any material provision of the employment agreement or any policies of the employer entities or any of their affiliates related to conduct which is not cured, if curable, within ten days after written notice.

For purposes of Mr. Courtis’ and Mr. Barry’s employment agreements, “cause” generally means any of the following:
 
the NEO’s drug or alcohol use which impairs his ability to perform his duties;

conviction by a court, or plea of “no contest” or guilty to a criminal offense;

engaging in fraud, embezzlement or any other illegal conduct with respect to us and/or any of our affiliates;

willful violation of the restrictive covenants set forth in his employment agreement;

willful failure or refusal to perform the duties under his employment agreement; or

breach of any material provision of his employment agreement or any of our or any of our affiliates’ policies related to conduct which is not cured, if curable, within ten days after written notice is given.
 
For purposes of the employment agreements, “good reason” generally means, without the NEO’s written consent, any of the following events which is not cured, if curable, within 30 days after the NEO has given notice thereof (which notice must be provided within 30 days after the NEO has knowledge of the occurrence of the event):
 
any material and adverse change to the NEO’s duties which is inconsistent with his duties set forth in the employment agreement (or, in the case of Mr. Burton and Ms. Accurso, his or her title or duties);

a reduction of the NEO’s base salary; or

a failure by us to comply with any other material provisions of the employment agreement.
 
For purposes of these employment agreements, “disability” generally means if, as a result of incapacity due to physical or mental illness, the NEO is substantially unable to perform his or her duties for an entire period of at least 90 consecutive days or 180 non-consecutive days within any 365-day period.



42

                                            

O’Brien Employment Agreement

Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, except in the case where prior notice (or pay in lieu of notice) is not required (as described below, which includes ill heath or other incapacity), Mr. O’Brien’s employment will continue until terminated by not less than six months’ notice in writing given by either party to the other (or such longer period as may be required by law). In the event that we terminate Mr. O’Brien’s employment in circumstances where notice (or pay in lieu of notice) is required and other than in the case of Mr. O’Brien’s death, we will pay him accrued but unpaid base salary, any bonus earned under the terms of the compensation plan for years prior to the year in which the termination occurs, payable in accordance with the terms of such plan, and any accrued but unused vacation pay and, subject to executing a release of claims against us and GRIL, a Pro-Rated Bonus, as soon as practicable following termination. In addition, subject to executing a release of claims against us and GRIL, GRIL will pay Mr. O’Brien severance in twelve substantially equal monthly installments equal to the sum of his annual base salary and target bonus assuming targets had been achieved, provided that he does not willfully breach any of the restrictive covenants in his employment agreement (described above).  If Mr. O’Brien’s employment terminates as a result of his death, his beneficiary, legal representatives or estate will become entitled to accrued but unpaid base salary, any bonus earned under the terms of the compensation plan for years prior to the year in which the termination occurs, payable in accordance with the terms of such plan, any accrued but unused vacation pay and the Pro-Rata Bonus.

For purposes of Mr. O’Brien’s employment agreement, we are permitted to terminate his employment without notice (or pay in lieu of notice) if he at any time:

is guilty of dishonesty or other gross misconduct or gross incompetence or willful neglect of duty or commits any other serious breach of his employment agreement;

acts in any manner (whether in the course of his duties or otherwise) which is likely to bring him, GRIL or us into disrepute or prejudice our or GRIL’s interests;

becomes bankrupt, the subject of a debt resolution notice, applies for or have made against him a receiving order, or has any order made against him resulting in a voluntary arrangement or personal insolvency;

is or becomes of unsound mind;

for an aggregate period of 120 days or more in any period of 12 consecutive months is incapable of performing his duties under his employment agreement by reason of ill health or other incapacity (whether accidental or otherwise);

is guilty of continuing unsatisfactory conduct or poor performance of his duties after warning from us relating to the same;

is arrested for, charged with or convicted of any offense other than an offense which in the reasonable opinion of the Board of Directors of GRIL does not affect his position with GRIL;

resigns as a director of the Company or GRIL without our or GRIL’s consent;

is subject to a restriction or is disqualified or prohibited by law from being a director of GRIL;

breaches any material provision in his employment agreement or any of our policies or the policies of GRIL;

uses drugs or alcohol which impairs his ability to perform his duties under the employment agreement; or

the Central Bank of Ireland issues a notice to him either suspending him or prohibiting him from acting in his position with the Company.

Other Bonuses

Under the terms of Mr. Burton’s Bonus Agreement, if the Employer terminates Mr. Burton’s employment without cause (as defined in his employment agreement) (other than due to death or disability (as defined in his employment agreement) but including the Employer’s election not to renew the then current term of Mr. Burton’s employment agreement) prior to the Fee Date and all other conditions are otherwise satisfied, Mr. Burton will be entitled to receive the cash bonus as of

43

                                            

the Payment Date. If Mr. Burton’s employment terminates for any other reason, Mr. Burton has given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination by the Employer for cause or due to disability, a transaction has not been consummated on or prior to December 15, 2020, or the other conditions to payment are not satisfied, the Bonus Agreement will automatically terminate.

Stock Incentive Plan and Awards Granted Thereunder
 
Under the terms of the stock incentive plan, unless an option award provides otherwise, upon termination other than for cause, death or disability (as defined below), all unvested options terminate and the participant may exercise his or her vested options within the period ending upon the earlier of three months following termination or ten years from the grant date of the option (i.e., the option’s expiration date).  Unless an option award provides otherwise, upon termination for cause (as defined below), all vested and unvested options will terminate.  Unless an option award provides otherwise, upon termination for death or disability, all unvested options will terminate, and the vested portion of the option may be exercised for the period ending upon the earlier of twelve months following termination or the option’s expiration date.
 
Under the terms of the option grant which Mr. Burton received in 2017, any vested portion of the option award will remain exercisable until the expiration date upon our termination of his employment without cause (as defined in his employment agreement), Mr. Burton’s termination of employment for good reason (as defined in his employment agreement) or upon expiration of the employment period where we have failed to offer Mr. Burton continued employment on substantially similar terms. Upon Mr. Burton’s termination due to his death or disability (as defined in his employment agreement, see description above), any unvested portion of the options will terminate and any vested portion of the option will remain exercisable until the expiration date.  If Mr. Burton’s permanently retires from the reinsurance industry, is willing to continue to serve as a member of our Board of Directors and does not resign from our Board of Directors as a result of a conflict of interest (collectively referred to as the “retirement conditions”), the vested portion of the option will remain exercisable until expiration. If after retirement, Mr. Burton subsequently fails to satisfy the retirement conditions, such options will revert to remain exercisable for 90 days after such failure. If we terminate Mr. Burton’s employment for cause all vested and unvested portions of the option will terminate.  If Mr. Burton’s employment terminates under any other circumstances, the unvested portion of the options will terminate and the vested portion will remain exercisable for 90 days, but no later than the expiration date. Upon a change of control (as defined below), any unvested portion of the option will vest immediately.

 Under the terms of the restricted share awards granted to Mr. Burton in 2018 and March 2019, in the event of a termination of Mr. Burton’s employment by the Company without cause (as defined in his employment agreement), by Mr. Burton for good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), due to his death or disability (as defined in his employment agreement) or he satisfies the retirement conditions throughout the performance period, in each case, prior to the vesting date, the restricted shares will remain outstanding and subject to the performance vesting conditions, provided that the number of earned restricted shares, if any, will be subject to the Adjusted Measurement. If Mr. Burton’s employment terminates for any other reason on or prior to the vesting date, the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased by the Company for par value and cancelled.

Under the terms of the September 2019 Restricted Stock Award Agreement, if the Employer terminates Mr. Burton’s employment without cause (as defined in his employment agreement) (other than due to death or disability (as defined in his employment agreement) but including the Employer’s election not to renew the then current term of Mr. Burton’s employment agreement) prior to the Vesting Time and all other conditions are otherwise satisfied, the restricted shares will vest at the Vesting Time. If Mr. Burton’s employment terminates for any other reason, Mr. Burton has given notice of termination for any reason or received notice of termination by the Employer for cause or due to disability, a transaction has not been consummated on or prior to December 15, 2020 or the other conditions to vesting are not satisfied, the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased for par value and cancelled.
    
Under the terms of the restricted share awards granted to each of our NEOs (other than Mr. Burton), the awards will automatically vest upon the executive’s termination of employment due to death or disability or upon the occurrence of a change in control (as defined below).  If the executive’s employment terminates for any other reason (other than in the case of Ms. Accurso), the unvested restricted shares will be automatically repurchased by the Company for par value and cancelled. In addition, in the case of Ms. Accurso, pursuant to the terms of her employment agreement, if her employment is terminated by the Company without cause (as defined in her employment agreement) or by her for good reason (as defined in her employment agreement), her restricted share awards are not cancelled and will remain subject to the vesting conditions. 

For purposes of the stock incentive plan, “cause” generally means: if the participant is a party to an employment agreement or other agreement with us or an affiliate and such agreement provides for a definition of cause, the definition contained in the agreement, or, if no such agreement or definition exists, cause means a participant’s:
 

44

                                            

material breach of his or her employment agreement or other agreement;
 
continued failure to satisfactorily perform assigned job responsibilities or to follow the reasonable instructions of his or her superiors, including, without limitation, our Board of Directors;

commission of a crime constituting a criminal offense or felony (or its equivalent) or other crime involving moral turpitude; or

material violation of any material law or regulation or any policy or code of conduct adopted by us or engaging in any other form of misconduct which, if it were made public, could reasonably be expected to adversely affect our or an affiliate’s business reputation or affairs.

For purposes of the stock incentive plan, “disability” generally means, if the participant is a party to an employment agreement or other agreement with us or an affiliate and the agreement provides for a definition of disability, the definition contained in the agreement, or, if no such agreement or definition exists, disability will mean the failure of the participant to perform his duties due to physical or mental incapacity as determined by our Compensation Committee.
 
For purposes of our stock incentive plan, “change in control” generally means the occurrence of one of the following events: (i) any person or group becomes the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 51% or more of our common stock (measured by voting power rather than number of shares); or (ii) we consolidate or merge with or into any other person or group or sell, assign, convey, transfer, lease or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets and the assets of our direct and indirect subsidiaries to any other person or group, in either one transaction or a series of related transactions that occur within six months, other than a consolidation or merger or disposition of assets.

For purposes of the stock option to acquire 480,000 Class A ordinary shares granted to Mr. Burton, “change of control” generally means the occurrence of any of the following events during the period in which the employment agreement remains in effect: (i) the acquisition by any person, entity or group, other than the Company, any of its subsidiaries or other entities controlled by the Company, or any employee benefit plan maintained by the Company or by any of its subsidiaries or other entities controlled by the Company, of beneficial ownership of 55% or more of the total voting power of the Company; or (ii) the Company is merged, combined, consolidated or reorganized with or into another corporation or other legal person (an “acquiring person”), or the Company sells or otherwise transfers all or substantially all of its assets to an acquiring person.
 
Assuming Mr. Burton’s employment terminated under each of the circumstances described below or a change of control occurred on December 31, 2019, such payments and benefits have an estimated value of:

Event
 
Pro-Rated Bonus (8)
$
 
Total Cash Severance
$
 
Value of Medical Continuation
$
 
Value of Accelerated Equity
$
 
Other Bonus $
 
Total
$
Termination without Cause or non-renewal of the employment term by the Company (1)
 
780,000

 
1,430,000

 
N/A
 

 

 
2,210,000

Termination for Good Reason (2)
 
780,000

 
1,430,000

 
N/A
 

 

 
2,210,000

Death (3)
 
780,000

 
N/A     

 
N/A     
 

 

 
780,000

Disability (4)
 
780,000

 
N/A     

 
N/A     
 

 

 
780,000

Change of Control (5) (6)
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A
 
2,388,942

 
2,500,000

 
4,888,942

Satisfaction of Retirement Conditions throughout the Performance Period (7)
 
N/A

 
N/A

 
N/A
 

 
N/A

 

__________
 
(1) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($650,000) and target bonus ($780,000). No amounts are reported in respect of the 30,660 and 89,945 restricted shares granted on March 15, 2018 and March 15, 2019, respectively, which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the performance vesting provisions in connection with a termination by the Company without cause (including the Company’s election to not renew the then current term of the employment agreement generally on equivalent terms upon expiration of such term), as the performance period has not concluded and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest. No

45

                                            

amounts are reported in respect of the 236,295 restricted shares granted on September 22, 2019 which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the conditions being satisfied in connection with a termination by the Company without cause (other than due to death or disability, but including the Employer’s election to not renew the then current term of the employment agreement) as the Transaction Fee has not become due and payable and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest. No amounts are reported in respect of the cash bonus under the Bonus Agreement which Mr. Burton would remain eligible to receive subject to the conditions being satisfied in connection with a termination by the Company without cause (other than due to death or disability, but including the Employer’s election to not renew the then current term of the employment agreement) as the Transaction Fee has not become due and payable and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether such $2,500,000 bonus will become payable.
(2) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($650,000) and target bonus ($780,000). No amounts are reported in respect of the 30,660 and 89,945 restricted shares granted on March 15, 2018 and March 15, 2019, respectively, which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the performance vesting provisions in connection with a termination by Mr. Burton for good reason prior to the vesting date, as the performance period has not concluded and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest.
(3) 
No amounts are reported in respect of the 30,660 and 89,945 restricted shares granted on March 15, 2018 and March 15, 2019, respectively, which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the performance vesting provisions in connection with a termination due to death prior to the vesting date, as the performance period has not concluded and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest.
(4) 
No amounts are reported in respect of the 30,660 and 89,945 restricted shares granted on March 15, 2018 and March 15, 2019, respectively, which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the performance vesting provisions in connection with a termination due to disability prior to the vesting date, as the performance period has not concluded and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest.
(5) 
The amount reported reflects the vesting of the restricted shares granted on September 22, 2019, assuming the conditions are satisfied, which amount is calculated as the fair market value of the 236,295 restricted shares subject to vesting assuming the Transaction Fee became due and payable on December 31, 2019 and using a share price of $10.11, the closing share price on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year. No amounts are reported in respect of the vesting in connection with a change of control of the options granted on July 1, 2017 as there was no “spread” value with respect to such options (i.e., the exercise price exceeded the fair market value on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year).
(6) 
The amount reported reflects the cash bonus under the Bonus Agreement that will become payable as a result of the Transaction Fee becoming due and payable, assuming the other conditions have been satisfied.
(7) 
No amounts are reported in respect of the 30,660 and 89,945 restricted shares granted on March 15, 2018 and March 15, 2019, respectively, which would remain outstanding and eligible to vest subject to the performance vesting provisions as result of the satisfaction of the retirement conditions throughout the performance period as the performance period has not concluded and, therefore, it cannot be determined as to whether the shares will vest.
(8) 
The Pro-Rated Bonus is calculated as 120% of base salary.

Assuming Mr. Courtis’ employment terminated under each of the circumstances described below or a change in control occurred on December 31, 2019, such payments and benefits have an estimated value of:
 
Event
 
Pro-Rated Bonus (3)
$
 
Total Cash Severance
$
 
Value of Medical Continuation
$
 
Value of Accelerated Equity (4)
$
 
Total
$
Termination without Cause or for Good Reason (1)
 
211,000

 
658,000

 
N/A

 
N/A

 
869,000

Death
 
211,000

 
N/A     

 
29,325

 
887,375

 
1,127,700

Disability (2)
 
211,000

 
422,000

 
29,325

 
887,375

 
1,549,700

Change in Control
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A

 
887,375

 
887,375

__________
(1) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($422,000) and target bonus ($211,000) plus an additional $25,000 for relocation expenses.
(2) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as 100% of base salary.
(3) 
The Pro-Rated Bonus is calculated as 50% of base salary.
(4) 
The Value of Accelerated Equity is calculated as the fair market value of the 87,772 restricted shares subject to accelerated vesting if a termination due to death or disability or a change in control occurred, in each case, on

46

                                            

December 31, 2019 and using a share price of $10.11, the closing share price on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year.

Assuming Mr. Barry’s employment terminated under each of the circumstances described below or a change in control occurred on December 31, 2019, such payments and benefits have an estimated value of:
 
Event
 
Pro-Rated Bonus (4)
$
 
Total Cash Severance
$
 
Value of Medical Continuation
$
 
Value of Accelerated Equity (5)
$
 
Total
$
Termination without Cause or for Good Reason (1)
 
325,000

 
825,000

 
N/A

 
N/A

 
1,150,000

Termination without Good Reason (2)
 
N/A

 
250,000

 
N/A

 
N/A

 
250,000

Death
 
325,000

 
N/A     

 
29,325

 
790,835

 
1,145,160

Disability (3)
 
325,000

 
500,000

 
29,325

 
790,835

 
1,645,160

Change in Control
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A

 
790,835

 
790,835

__________
(1) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($500,000) and target bonus ($325,000) in connection with a Termination without Cause or for Good Reason.
(2) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as 50% of base salary.
(3) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as 100% of base salary.
(4) 
The Pro-Rated Bonus is calculated as 65% of base salary.
(5) 
The Value of Accelerated Equity is calculated as the fair market value of the 78,223 restricted shares subject to accelerated vesting if a termination due to death or disability or a change in control occurred, in each case, on December 31, 2019 and using a share price of $10.11, the closing share price on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year.

Assuming Mr. O’Brien’s employment terminated under each of the circumstances described below or a change in control occurred on December 31, 2019, such payments and benefits have an estimated value of:
 
Event (2)
 
Pro-Rated Bonus (3)
$
 
Total Cash Severance
$
 
Value of Medical Continuation
$
 
Value of Accelerated Equity (4)
$
 
Total
$
Termination with prior notice (1)
 
214,925

 
573,133

 
N/A
 
N/A

 
788,058

Death
 
214,925

 
N/A     

 
N/A
 
457,781

 
672,706

Disability
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A
 
457,781

 
457,781

Change in Control
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A
 
457,781

 
457,781

__________
 
(1) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($358,208) and target bonus ($214,925).
(2) 
As Mr. O’Brien is based in Ireland, his cash compensation is generally paid to him in Euros rather than United States dollars. The Total Cash Severance is based on an average conversion rate for 2019, which was $1.1194 United States dollars per Euro.
(3) 
The Pro-Rated Bonus is calculated as 60% of base salary.
(4) 
The Value of Accelerated Equity is calculated as the fair market value of the 45,280 restricted share units subject to accelerated vesting if a termination due to death or disability or a change in control occurred, in each case, on December 31, 2019 and using a share price of $10.11, the closing share price on December 31, 2019, the last business day of the year.

47

                                            


Assuming Ms. Accurso’s employment terminated under each of the circumstances described below or a change in control occurred on December 31, 2019, such payments and benefits have an estimated value of:  

Event
 
Pro-Rated Bonus (2)
$
 
Total Cash Severance
$
 
Value of Medical Continuation
$
 
Value of Accelerated Equity (3)
$
 
Total
$
Termination without Cause or for Good Reason (1)
 
195,000

 
585,000

 
14,663

 
352,455

 
1,147,118

Termination without Good Reason
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
14,663

 
N/A

 
14,663

Death
 
195,000

 
N/A     

 
14,663

 
352,455

 
562,118

Disability
 
195,000

 
N/A     

 
14,663

 
352,455

 
562,118

Change in Control
 
N/A

 
N/A     

 
N/A

 
352,455

 
352,455

__________
 
(1) 
The Total Cash Severance is calculated as the sum of base salary ($390,000) and target bonus ($195,000).
(2) 
The Pro-Rated Bonus is calculated as 50% of base salary.
(3) 
The Value of Accelerated Equity is calculated as the fair market value of the 34,862 restricted shares subject to the accelerated vesting if a termination due to death or disability or a change in control occurred, in each case, on December 31, 2019 and using a share price of $10.11, the closing share price on December 31, 2019, the last business date of the year. In connection with a termination by the Company without cause or by Ms. Accurso for good reason where the awards are not cancelled and remain subject to the vesting conditions, the amount reflected above assumes that the fair market value on the actual date of vesting is the same as the closing share price on December 31, 2019.

2019 Pay Ratio

As required by Section 953(b) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, and Item 402(u) of Regulation S-K, we are providing the following information about the relationship of the annual total compensation of our employees and the annual total compensation of Mr. Burton, our Chief Executive Officer (our “CEO”).

For 2019, our last completed fiscal year:
a) the median of the annual total compensation of all our employees (other than our CEO) was $219,754; and
b) the total annualized compensation of our CEO was $1,260,610.
Based on this information, for 2019, the ratio of the total annualized compensation of Mr. Burton, our CEO, to the median of the annual total compensation of all employees was 5.7 to 1.0.

To identify the median employee in 2019, we took the following steps:

i.
We selected December 31, 2019 (the “determination date”), which is within the last three months of 2019, as the date upon which we would identify the “median employee.”
ii.
We identified the median employee by examining the annual total compensation for 2019, calculated in accordance with the requirements of Item 402(c)(2)(x) of Regulation S-K, of each of our employees employed as of December 31, 2019. For those employees who joined the Company during 2019 the total compensation was annualized as if they had been employed for the entire year. We calculated the total compensation for each employee in the same manner as the “Total Compensation” shown for our NEOs in the “Summary Compensation Table”, including converting currencies of our employees in Ireland into United States dollars based on an average conversion rate for 2019 which was $1.1194. We determined the compensation of our median employee by ranking the annual total compensation of all employees, except for our CEO, and selecting the median employee based on their total compensation.

    


48

                                            

Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table provides information as of December 31, 2019 with respect to the Company’s Class A ordinary shares that may be issued upon the exercise of options, warrants and restricted share units granted to employees, consultants or members of our  Board of Directors under all of our existing compensation plans, including the 2004 stock incentive plan, each as amended.
 
Plan category
 
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights
 
Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
 
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))
 
 
 
(a)
 
(b)
 
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
 
875,627

(1) 
$
22.68

 
555,805

(2) 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
 

 

 

 
Total
 
875,627

(1) 
$
22.68

 
555,805

(2) 
__________

(1) 
Includes 875,627 Class A ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of options and restricted share units that were outstanding under the stock incentive plan as of December 31, 2019.
(2) 
Represents the difference between the number of securities issuable under the stock incentive plan (5,000,000) and the number of securities issued under the stock incentive plan as of December 31, 2019 (4,444,195). The number of securities issued under the stock incentive plan consists of options to acquire 2,054,627 Class A ordinary shares and 2,389,568 issued shares or share units.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
 
The Compensation Committee currently consists of Messrs. Isaacs, Platt and Murphy, each of whom the Board of Directors concluded was independent in accordance with the director independence standards of the Nasdaq stock market rules. None of the members of the Compensation Committee is or has been an executive officer of the Company, or had any relationships requiring disclosure by the Company under the SEC’s rules requiring disclosure of certain relationships and related-party transactions. During fiscal year 2019, none of our executive officers served on the compensation committee (or its equivalent) or board of directors of another entity whose executive officer served on our Board or Compensation Committee.
 

AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT
 
Management has the primary responsibility for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, preparing the financial statements and the public reporting process.  The Audit Committee’s primary purpose is to assist the Board of Directors in fulfilling its responsibilities to oversee the participation of management in the financial reporting process and the role and responsibilities of the independent auditors.
 
In performing its oversight role in connection with the audit of the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019, the Audit Committee has:
 
1.           reviewed and discussed the audited consolidated financial statements with management;
 
2.           discussed with the independent auditors the matters required to be discussed by rules adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; and
 
3.           received the written disclosures and the letter from the independent auditors required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent auditors’ communications with the

49

                                            

Audit Committee concerning independence and has discussed with the independent auditors the independent auditors’ independence.
 
Based on the review and discussions referred to above, and in reliance on the information, opinions, reports or statements presented to the Audit Committee by management and the independent auditors, the Audit Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the December 31, 2019 audited consolidated financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
 
The Audit Committee
 
Alan Brooks (Chairman)
Bryan Murphy
Joseph Platt
     
 
Independent Public Accountant Fees and Services
 
Audit Fees
 
The aggregate amount of fees billed by BDO USA, LLP and its international affiliates, or BDO, for professional services rendered for (1) the audit of our financial statements during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018; (2) the review of the financial statements included in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q in 2019 and 2018; (3) the 2019 and 2018 audits of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting with the objective of obtaining reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects; and (4) services that are normally provided by the auditor in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements, were approximately $581,763 and $568,854 for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 
Audit-Related Fees
 
During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company incurred $5,360 and $44,850, respectively, of fees billed by BDO for audit-related services.
 
Tax Fees
 
During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company incurred $nil and $6,146, respectively, of fees billed by BDO for tax compliance services relating to preparation of GRIL’s corporate tax returns.
 
All Other Fees
 
The Company did not incur any other fees billed by BDO during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.
 
Audit Committee’s Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures
 
Our Audit Committee charter includes our policy regarding the approval of audit and non-audit services performed by our independent auditors.  The Audit Committee is responsible for retaining and evaluating the independent auditors’ qualifications, performance and independence.  The Audit Committee pre-approves all auditing services, internal control-related services and permitted non-audit services (including the fees and terms thereof) to be performed for us by our independent auditors, subject to such exceptions for non-audit services as permitted by applicable laws and regulations.  The Audit Committee may delegate this authority to a subcommittee consisting of one or more Audit Committee members, including the authority to grant pre-approvals of audit and permitted non-audit services, provided that decisions of such subcommittee to grant pre-approvals are presented to the full Audit Committee at its next meeting. The Audit Committee approved all professional services provided to us by BDO USA, LLP during 2019.



50

                                            

PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS
 
The following table shows information known to us with respect to the beneficial ownership of both classes of our ordinary shares as of September 8, 2020 for:
 
each person or group who beneficially owns more than 5% of each class of our ordinary shares;

each of our NEOs, Messrs. Burton, Courtis, Barry, O’Brien and Accurso;

each of our directors; and

all of our directors and NEOs as a group.
 
Beneficial ownership of shares is determined under the rules of the SEC and generally includes any shares over which a person exercises sole or shared voting or investment power.  Except as indicated by footnote, and subject to applicable community property laws, each person identified in the table possesses sole voting and investment power with respect to all ordinary shares held by them.  Class A ordinary shares subject to options currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of September 8, 2020, and not subject to repurchase as of that date, are deemed to be outstanding for calculating the percentage of outstanding shares of the person holding these options, but are not deemed to be outstanding for calculating the percentage of any other person.
 
Applicable percentage ownership in the following table is based on 29,366,219 Class A ordinary shares and 6,254,715 Class B ordinary shares outstanding as of September 8, 2020.  Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each of the named individuals is c/o Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd., 65 Market Street, Suite 1207, Jasmine Court, Camana Bay, P.O. Box 31110, Grand Cayman, KY1-1205, Cayman Islands.

Name and address of beneficial owner
 
Beneficial ownership of principal shareholders
 
 
Number of Class A Ordinary Shares
 
%
 
Number of Class B Ordinary Shares
 
%
David Einhorn
(1) 

 
%
 
6,254,715

 
100.00
%
Blackrock, Inc.
(2) 
2,368,472

 
8.07
%
 
 
 
 
Dimensional Fund Advisors LP
(3) 
2,063,214

 
7.03
%
 
 
 
 
The Vanguard Group
(4) 
1,944,208

 
6.62
%
 
 
 
 
Morgan Stanley
(5) 
1,889,289

 
6.43
%
 
 
 
 
Davis Selected Advisers, L.P.
(6) 
1,860,842

 
6.34
%
 
 
 
 
Sirius International Insurance Group, Ltd.
(7) 
1,520,000

 
5.18
%
 
 
 
 
Simon Burton
(8) 
741,989

 
2.51
%
 
 
 
 
Tim Courtis
(9) 
421,449

 
1.44
%
 
 
 
 
Brendan Barry

68,389

 
*

 
 
 
 
Patrick O'Brien
(10) 
4,976

 
*

 
 
 
 
Laura Accurso
(11) 
85,426

 
*

 
 
 
 
Alan Brooks

147,401

 
*

 
 
 
 
Leonard Goldberg
(12) 
265,877

 
*

 
 
 
 
Ian Isaacs
(13) 
108,946

 
*

 
 
 
 
Frank Lackner
(14) 
124,824

 
*

 
 
 
 
Bryan Murphy

99,722

 
*

 
 
 
 
Joseph Platt
(15) 
161,145

 
*

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All directors and executive officers as a group (12 persons)
 
2,230,144

 
7.52
%
 
6,254,715

 
100.00
%

51

                                            

*
Represents less than 1% of the outstanding ordinary shares.
 

(1) 
Mr. Einhorn, together with his affiliates, is limited to voting the number of Class B ordinary shares equal to 9.5% of the total voting power of the total issued and outstanding ordinary shares. Mr. Einhorn owns 4,864,227 Class B ordinary shares directly. Mr. Einhorn also retains beneficial ownership of 1,390,488 Class B ordinary shares held by the David M. Einhorn 2007 Family Trust. Mr. Einhorn has appointed Mr. Roitman as his alternate director. Mr. Roitman has beneficial ownership of 325,000 Class A ordinary shares. If Mr. Roitman’s Class A ordinary shares were included in the total shares held by the directors and NEOs, such number would be 2,555,144 shares, or 8.62%.
(2) 
BlackRock, Inc.’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G/A filed on February 5, 2020.  The business address for BlackRock Inc. is 55 East 52nd Street, New York, NY 10022.
(3) 
Dimensional Fund Advisors LP’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G filed on February 12, 2020. The business address for Dimensional Fund Advisors LP is Building One, 6300 Bee Cave Road, Austin, Texas, 78746.
(4) 
The Vanguard Group’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G/A filed on February 12, 2020. The business address for The Vanguard Group is 100 Vanguard Blvd., Malvern, PA19355.
(5) 
Morgan Stanley’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G/A filed on February 12, 2020.  The business address for Morgan Stanley is 1585 Broadway New York, NY 10036.
(6) 
Davis Selected Advisers, L.P.’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G/A filed on February 13, 2020.  The business address for Davis Selected Advisers, L.P. is 2949 East Elvira Road, Suite 101, Tucson, Arizona 85756.
(7) 
Sirius International Insurance Group Ltd.’s beneficial ownership is based on a Schedule 13G/A filed on June 13, 2019. The business address for Sirius International Insurance Group Ltd. is 14 Wesley Street, 5th Floor, Hamilton HM 11, Bermuda.
(8) 
Includes 429,444 restricted shares subject to performance conditions and forfeiture. In addition, Mr. Burton owns options to purchase 480,000 Class A ordinary shares, which options vest in six equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary following the grant date of June 30, 2017. 240,000 options are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of September 8, 2020.
(9) 
Includes 95,594 restricted shares subject to forfeiture.
(10) 
Mr. O’Brien also owns 81,599 restricted share units. Since these restricted share units do not have any voting or disposition rights until they vest and none vest within 60 days of September 8, 2020, these shareholdings are not reported.
(11) 
Includes 73,578 restricted shares subject to forfeiture.
(12) 
Includes 42,250 Class A ordinary shares subject to options held by Mr. Goldberg. Mr. Goldberg owns 176,757 Class A ordinary shares directly and also retains beneficial ownership of 22,870 Class A ordinary shares held by the Leonard R. Goldberg 2007 Family Trust and 24,000 Class A ordinary shares held in a spousal revocable trust.
(13) 
Includes 25,000 Class A ordinary shares held by a living trust and 25,000 Class A ordinary shares held in an IRA. Mr. Isaacs has pledged 51,154 Class A ordinary shares of his unrestricted shares.
(14) 
Mr. Lackner has pledged 107,868 Class A ordinary shares of his unrestricted shares.
(15) 
Includes 55,000 Class A ordinary shares held by a partnership of which Mr. Platt is the general partner.


SECTION 16(A) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE
 
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires that our directors, executive officers and the persons who beneficially own more than 10% of our ordinary shares file reports of ownership and changes of ownership on Forms 3, 4 and 5 with the SEC.  Executive officers, directors and greater than 10% shareholders are required by regulations promulgated by the SEC to furnish us with copies of all Forms 3, 4 and 5 they file. Based solely on the reports received by us and on the written representations of the reporting persons, we believe that no director, executive officer or greater than 10% shareholder failed to file on a timely basis the reports required by Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act during, or with respect to, fiscal year 2019.
 

52

                                            

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
Related-Party Transaction Policy and Audit Committee Charter
 
We have established a written related-party transaction policy which provides procedures for the review of transactions in excess of $120,000 in any year between us and any covered person having a direct or indirect material interest, subject to certain exceptions.  Covered persons include any director, executive officer, director nominee, 5% shareholder or any immediate family members of the foregoing.  Any such related-party transactions shall require advance approval by a majority of our independent directors or a majority of the members of a committee constituted solely of our independent directors.  In addition, our Audit Committee charter provides that the Audit Committee will review and approve all related-party transactions.

Limited Partnership Agreement
 
On September 1, 2018, the Company entered into a Limited Partnership Agreement (the “LPA”) with Solasglas Investments, LP (“SILP”), with DME Advisors II, LLC (“DME II”), as General Partner. DME II and DME Advisors, LP (“DME Advisors”) are related parties and are controlled by David Einhorn, the Chairman of the Board, the President and Portfolio Manager of Greenlight Capital, Inc, and the beneficial owner of all of the issued and outstanding Class B ordinary shares. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company transferred rights to $366.3 million of net investments from Greenlight Re and GRIL’s joint venture (the “Joint Venture”) investment accounts to SILP in exchange for limited partnership interests of the same amount, resulting in no net gain or loss.
 
DME II receives a performance allocation equal to (with capitalized terms having the meaning provided under the LPA) (a) 10% of the portion of the Positive Performance Change for each limited partner’s capital account that is less than or equal to the positive balance in such limited partner’s Carryforward Account, plus (b) 20% of the portion of the Positive Performance Change for each limited partner’s capital account that exceeds the positive balance in such limited partner’s Carryforward Account. The Carryforward Account for Greenlight Re and GRIL include the amount of losses that were to be recouped under the Joint Venture as well as any loss generated on the assets invested in SILP, subject to adjustments for redemptions. The loss carry forward provision contained in the LPA allows DME II to earn reduced performance allocation of 10% of profits in any year subsequent to any years in which SILP has incurred a loss, until all losses are recouped and an additional amount equal to 150% of the loss is earned.

On September 1, 2018, SILP entered into an investment advisory agreement (“IAA”) with DME Advisors which entitles DME Advisors to a monthly management fee equal to 0.125% (1.5% on an annual basis) of each limited partner’s Investment Portfolio, as provided in the LPA. The IAA has an initial term ending on August 31, 2023 subject to automatic extension for successive three-year terms. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company’s investment loss from SILP included management fees paid by SILP to DME Advisors of $4.9 million.
    
On February 26, 2019, effective as of September 1, 2018, the Company entered into Amendment No. 1 to the LPA. The amendment was intended to revise the mechanics for calculating the Carryforward Account and Performance Allocation (as defined in the LPA) to take into account withdrawals from and subsequent recontributions of capital to SILP, consistent with the treatment under the Joint Venture. In addition, the Company has entered into a letter agreement with DME Advisors and DME II whereby during the period from June 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020, (a) at least 50% of the Investment Portfolio (as defined in the LPA) shall be held in cash and cash equivalents and (b) the portion of the Investment Portfolio held in cash or cash equivalents will not be subject to any management fee or performance allocation.

On August 5, 2020, in connection with the investments by Greenlight Re and GRIL in SILP, pursuant to the LPA, the Company entered into an amended and restated letter agreement (the “Letter Agreement”) with DME Advisors and DME II whereby from July 1, 2020 until such date on which neither Greenlight Re nor GRIL is a limited partner in the Partnership, or as further modified by agreement of the parties: (a) the Deployed GLRE Investment Portfolio (as defined in the Letter Agreement) shall not exceed an amount equal to 50% of the GLRE Surplus (as defined in the Letter Agreement); (b) in the event that the Deployed GLRE Investment Portfolio exceeds 50% of the GLRE Surplus (“Excess Assets”), DME II and the DME Advisors will use their respective commercially reasonable efforts to promptly liquidate positions in Excess Assets to Non-Risk Assets (as defined in the Letter Agreement) as may be necessary to comply with the preceding paragraph (a); and (c) until June 30, 2021, Non-Risk Assets will not be subject to any Management Fee (as defined in the LPA) or Performance Allocation (as defined in the LPA).

Pursuant to the LPA and the IAA, the Company has agreed to indemnify DME II and DME Advisors for any expense, loss, liability or damage arising out of any claim asserted or threatened in connection with DME Advisors serving as SILP’s

53

                                            

investment advisor. The Company will reimburse DME, DME II and DME Advisors for reasonable costs and expenses of investigating and/or defending such claims, provided such claims were not caused due to gross negligence, breach of contract or misrepresentation by DME II or DME Advisors. For the year ended December 31, 2019, there were no indemnification payments payable or paid by the Company.

In accordance with the LPA, either of Greenlight Re or GRIL may voluntarily withdraw all or part of its Capital Account for its operating needs by giving DME II at least 3 business days notice. In addition, either of Greenlight Re or GRIL may withdraw as a partner and fully withdraw all of its Capital Account from SILP on 3 business days notice if the Board of Greenlight Re or GRIL, as applicable, declares that a cause for withdrawal exists as per the LPA.

Joint Venture Agreement

The Company, Greenlight Re, GRIL, DME Advisors, LLC (“DME LLC”) and DME Advisors, and collectively, with the Company, Greenlight Re, GRIL and DME LLC (the “Participants”, and each a “Participant”) entered into a third amended and restated agreement, effective January 1, 2017, for the purpose of managing certain jointly held assets of each of the Participants, which we refer to as the Joint Venture Agreement. The Joint Venture Agreement amended and restated the second amended and restated agreement, effective January 1, 2014, by and among the Company, Greenlight Re, GRIL and DME LLC, which we refer to as the Prior Joint Venture Agreement. DME LLC and DME Advisors are related parties and are controlled by David Einhorn, the Chairman of the Board, the President and Portfolio Manager of Greenlight Capital, Inc, and the beneficial owner of all of the issued and outstanding Class B ordinary shares. The Venture (as defined in Section 2.1(c) of the Joint Venture Agreement) was terminated on January 2, 2019.

The material terms and conditions of the Joint Venture Agreement were substantially similar to the Prior Joint Venture Agreement, but included (i) a term from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2019 (which renews automatically for successive three-year periods unless at least 90 days prior to the end of the then current term, DME LLC notified the other Participants, of its desire to terminate the Joint Venture Agreement or any other Participant notified DME LLC of its desire to withdraw), (ii) certain additional covenants from DME LLC and DME Advisors, including a covenant to comply in all material respects with all laws, rules and regulations applicable to the venture and to cause the venture to not enter into any transaction that would constitute a “principal transaction” under the U.S. Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, without prior written consent; and (iii) certain additional notice and compliance provisions.

The Joint Venture Agreement, like the Prior Joint Venture Agreement, provided that (i) during the term, neither the Company, Greenlight Re nor GRIL shall have engaged an investment advisor other than DME LLC or DME Advisors (or an affiliate of DME LLC) to manage its investable assets (as defined in the Agreement); (ii) the Company, Greenlight Re and GRIL shall have used commercially reasonable efforts to cause each of their respective current and future subsidiaries to become participants or enter into similar agreements; (iii) DME Advisors would receive a monthly payment based on an annual rate of 1.5% of the capital balance of each Participant; and (iv) DME LLC would receive a performance allocation based on the positive performance change in such Participant’s capital account equal to 20% of the net profits calculated per annum, subject to a loss carry forward provision.

The loss carry forward provision allowed DME LLC to earn a reduced performance allocation of 10% on profits in any year subsequent to the year in which a Participant’s capital account (other than DME LLC) incurred a loss, until all the losses were recouped and an additional amount equal to 150% of the loss was earned. DME LLC was not entitled to a performance allocation in a year in which the investment portfolio incurred a loss.

Further, each of the Company, Greenlight Re and GRIL agreed to release DME LLC and its affiliates from, and to indemnify and hold them harmless against, any liability arising out of the Joint Venture Agreement, subject to certain exceptions. Furthermore, DME LLC agreed to indemnify the Company, Greenlight Re, and GRIL against any liability incurred in connection with certain actions.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, DME LLC received no (2018: none) performance compensation due to the investment loss pursuant to the Joint Venture Agreement.

54

                                            


Investment Advisory Agreement

Effective January 1, 2017, DME Advisors, Greenlight Re, GRIL, DME LLC and the Venture, entered into an Investment Advisory Agreement (“the Investment Advisory Agreement”), to provide discretionary advisory services relating to the assets and liabilities of the Venture. The Investment Advisory Agreement amended and restated the investment advisory agreement effective January 1, 2014, which we refer to as the Prior Investment Advisory Agreement. The material terms and conditions of the Investment Advisory Agreement were substantially similar to the Prior Investment Advisory Agreement. Pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement, DME Advisors was permitted to formulate the overall investment strategy to be carried out by the Venture, and exercise full discretion in the management of the trading, investment transactions and related borrowing activities of the Venture in order to implement such strategy, subject to the terms and conditions contained in the Joint Venture Agreement. The Management Fee was debited against the account of each participant (other than DME LLC) and paid in cash to DME Advisors on the first day of each month.

The Venture, and each Participant, agreed to release DME Advisors and its affiliates from, and to indemnify and hold them harmless against, any liability arising out of the Investment Advisory Agreement, subject to certain exceptions such as gross negligence, willful misconduct or reckless disregard of its obligations or uncured breach of the investment guidelines. Furthermore, DME Advisors agreed to indemnify the Venture and each of the Participants against any liability incurred in connection with certain actions.

For the year ended December 31, 2019, DME Advisors received no (2017: $11.2 million) management fees pursuant to the Investment Advisory Agreement.

Service Agreement
 
In February 2007, we entered into a service agreement with DME Advisors, which was amended in August 2007 and October 2007, pursuant to which DME Advisors provides investor relations services to us for compensation of $5,000 per month (plus expenses).  The service agreement had an initial term of one year and continues for sequential one-year periods until terminated by us or DME Advisors.  Either party may terminate the service agreement for any reason with 30 days prior written notice to the other party.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2019, we incurred expenses of $60,000 to DME Advisors for investor relations services.
 
Shareholders’ Agreement
 
Pursuant to the Company’s Shareholders’ Agreement, Greenlight Capital Investors, LLC, which we refer to as GCI, had the right to unlimited demand registration rights once we are eligible to use Form S-3 (or similar short form registration statements).  GCI assigned its demand registration rights under the Shareholders’ Agreement, with our consent, to David Einhorn on January 3, 2007.  Mr. Einhorn has registration rights for all of his Class B ordinary shares, including those acquired in a private placement in May 2007, as contemplated under the Shareholders’ Agreement.

Collateral Agreement
 
On January 1, 2019, we entered into a collateral agreement (the “Collateral Agreement”) with DME Advisors pursuant to which DME Advisors will manage certain assets that are not subject to the LPA as may be determined and designated from time to time by us in our sole discretion. The Collateral Agreement can be terminated by any party upon at least 30 days’ prior written notice to the other parties to the Collateral Agreement.

Green Brick Partners, Inc.
David Einhorn also serves as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Green Brick Partners, Inc. (“GRBK”), a publicly traded company. As of December 31, 2019, SILP along with certain affiliates of DME Advisors, collectively own approximately 48% of the issued and outstanding common shares of GRBK. Under applicable securities laws, DME Advisors may be limited at times in its ability to trade GRBK shares on behalf of SILP.



55

                                            

OTHER MATTERS
 
Neither the Board of Directors nor management intends to bring before the Meeting any business other than the matters referred to in the Notice of Annual General Meeting of Shareholders and this Proxy Statement.  If any other business should come properly before the Meeting, or any adjournment or postponement thereof, the proxy holders will vote on such matters at their discretion.
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Other Action at the Meeting
 
As of the date of this Proxy Statement, the Company has no knowledge of any business, other than described herein and customary procedural matters, which will be presented for consideration at the Meeting.  In the event any other business is properly presented at the Meeting, the persons named in the accompanying proxy may, but will not be obligated to, vote such proxy in accordance with their judgment on such business.
 
Shareholder Proposals for the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021
 
Shareholder Proposals for Inclusion in Proxy Statement

Pursuant to Rule 14a-8 of the Exchange Act, shareholder proposals must be received in writing by the Secretary of the Company no later than 120 days prior to the date of the Company’s proxy statement released to shareholders in connection with the Company’s previous year’s annual meeting of shareholders and must comply with the requirements of Rule 14a-8 in order to be considered for inclusion in the Company’s Proxy Statement and form of proxy relating to the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.  The Company believes that shareholder proposals received by May 18, 2021 would be considered timely for inclusion in the Company’s Proxy Statement for the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021, or the 2021 Proxy Statement.  Such proposals should be directed to the attention of the Secretary, Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd.
 
Shareholder Proposals for Presentation at Meeting

Pursuant to the Company’s Articles, any shareholder proposal for the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders in 2021, or the 2021 Meeting, other than with respect to a nominee for election as a director, which is submitted outside the processes of Rule 14a-8 and is therefore not submitted for inclusion in next year’s proxy statement, shall be considered untimely unless received by the Secretary in writing no later than the close of business on the 90th day nor earlier than the opening of business on the 120th day before the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual general meeting. As a result, such shareholder proposals must be received no earlier than July 1, 2021 and no later than July 31, 2021 to be considered timely.  Such proposals should be directed to the attention of the Secretary, Greenlight Capital Re, Ltd. If a shareholder proposal is introduced at the 2021 Meeting without any discussion of the proposal in the 2021 Proxy Statement and the shareholder does not notify the Company on a timely basis, in accordance with Cayman Islands corporate law, of the intent to raise such proposal at the 2021 Meeting, then proxies received by the Company for the 2021 Meeting will be voted by the persons named as such proxies in their discretion with respect to such proposal.

Shareholder Proposals regarding Director Nominees

Pursuant to the Company’s Articles, any shareholders’ proposal with respect to the nomination of a person for election as a director at the 2021 Meeting must be received no later than 120 days prior to the date of such annual general meeting to be considered timely. Such proposal must otherwise comply with the advance notice procedures and other provisions set forth in the Articles in order for such nominations to be properly brought before the 2021 Meeting.

Costs of Solicitation
 
The entire cost of this proxy solicitation will be borne by the Company, including expenses in connection with preparing, assembly, printing and mailing proxy solicitation materials.  In addition to solicitation by mail, officers, directors and employees of the Company may solicit proxies by telephone, facsimile, electronic communication, in person or via the Internet, although no compensation will be paid for such solicitation.  We will pay additional fees in the event we agree to have Computershare, Inc. aid in the solicitation of proxies.
 

56

                                            

 
By Order of the Board of Directors,
 
/s/ Simon Burton
 
Simon Burton
 
Chief Executive Officer