10-Q 1 wgbsq21510q.htm 10-Q WGBS.Q215 10Q
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
þ
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number: 000-53252

 
WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc.
 
 
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
 
Nevada
 
90-0416683
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 

7400 Paseo Padre Parkway, Fremont, CA
94555
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

 
(510) 651-4450
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ   No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ   No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes o   No þ

The Registrant had 5,706,653 shares of common stock outstanding as of August 6, 2015.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
Part I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Part II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements (Unaudited)

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except par value)
 
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Assets
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
7,368

 
$
14,732

Accounts receivable
 
1,372

 
1,481

Inventories, net
 
834

 
813

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
533

 
380

Total current assets
 
10,107

 
17,406

Property and equipment, net
 
963

 
869

Goodwill
 
990

 
990

Intangible assets, net
 
1,137

 
1,362

Other assets
 
80

 
80

Total assets
 
$
13,277

 
$
20,707

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
1,503

 
$
1,494

Accrued payroll and related costs
 
1,498

 
1,379

Current portion of long-term debt
 
176

 
117

Other current liabilities
 
867

 
832

Total current liabilities
 
4,044

 
3,822

Long-term debt, net of discount and current portion
 
2,468

 
2,235

Warrant derivative liabilities
 
86

 
126

Other liabilities
 
361

 
444

Total liabilities
 
6,959

 
6,627

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 5 and 12)
 


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 

 
 

Preferred Stock: $0.001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
 

 

Common Stock: $0.001 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 6,184 and 5,884 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
 
106,476

 
105,611

Accumulated deficit
 
(100,158
)
 
(91,531
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
6,318

 
14,080

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
13,277

 
$
20,707


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
 
$
1,485

 
$
1,608

 
$
2,506

 
$
2,889

License and royalty
 
125

 
125

 
250

 
250

Total revenue
 
1,610

 
1,733

 
2,756

 
3,139

Cost of product revenue
 
676

 
758

 
1,090

 
1,365

Gross profit
 
934

 
975

 
1,666

 
1,774

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Sales and marketing
 
1,232

 
1,364

 
2,465

 
2,637

Research and development
 
2,279

 
1,473

 
4,750

 
2,840

General and administrative
 
1,252

 
1,289

 
2,854

 
2,101

Total operating expenses
 
4,763

 
4,126

 
10,069

 
7,578

Operating loss
 
(3,829
)
 
(3,151
)
 
(8,403
)
 
(5,804
)
Other income and (expenses):
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Interest expense, net
 
(107
)
 
(109
)
 
(213
)
 
(212
)
Gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net
 
104

 
1,158

 
40

 
1,374

Miscellaneous income (expense)
 
11

 
(1
)
 
(49
)
 
(4
)
Total other income and (expenses)
 
8

 
1,048

 
(222
)
 
1,158

Net loss before provision for income taxes
 
(3,821
)
 
(2,103
)
 
(8,625
)
 
(4,646
)
Provision for income taxes
 

 

 
2

 
3

Net loss
 
$
(3,821
)
 
$
(2,103
)
 
$
(8,627
)
 
$
(4,649
)
Net loss per share - basic and diluted
 
$
(0.67
)
 
$
(2.28
)
 
$
(1.52
)
 
$
(5.07
)
Shares used to compute net loss per share - basic and diluted
 
5,677

 
922

 
5,668

 
917



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



2


WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(8,627
)
 
$
(4,649
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
426

 
436

Stock-based compensation
 
959

 
760

Gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net
 
(40
)
 
(1,374
)
Provision for excess and obsolete inventory
 
23

 
(646
)
Interest converted to principal on long-term debt
 

 
49

Amortization of debt discount
 
178

 
164

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
109

 
(1,255
)
Inventories
 
(63
)
 
660

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
(154
)
 
(67
)
Accounts payable
 
9

 
818

Accrued payroll and related costs
 
119

 
114

Other accrued expenses
 
(47
)
 
(74
)
Net cash used in operating activities
 
(7,108
)
 
(5,064
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Purchase of property and equipment
 
(98
)
 
(123
)
Acquisition of business
 

 
(2,000
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(98
)
 
(2,123
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Repayment of capital lease obligations
 
(64
)
 

Payment of taxes for restricted stock forfeited
 
(94
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(158
)
 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(7,364
)
 
(7,187
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period
 
14,732

 
10,709

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period
 
$
7,368

 
$
3,522

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
12

 
$

Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
2

 
$
3

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Inventory transferred to property and equipment
 
$
19

 
$
45

Issuance of promissory note, net of debt discount, in business acquisition
 
$

 
$
1,100

Initial valuation of revenue earn-out contingency in business acquisition
 
$

 
$
410

Warrant derivative liabilities transferred to equity on waiver of potential cash settlement provisions
 
$

 
$
6,821


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

NOTE 1.  The Company

General – WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) are engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of systems for gene expression quantification, genotyping and stem cell research. The Company’s products are aimed at researchers who perform genetic analysis, primarily at pharmaceutical and biotech companies, academic and private research centers and diagnostics companies involved in biomarker discovery and genetic research. Through the SmartChip and Apollo product lines, the Company plans to provide new performance standards with significant savings in time and cost for professionals in the field of gene expression research and to facilitate biomarker discovery, toxicology, and clinical research.

Wafergen, Inc. was incorporated in the State of Delaware on October 22, 2002, and was acquired by WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. in a reverse merger on May 31, 2007.

On August 30, 2011, the Company formed a new wholly owned subsidiary in Luxembourg to establish a presence for its marketing and research activities in Europe.

On June 30, 2014, the Company effected a reverse stock split of its common stock by a ratio of one-for-ten (the “2014 Reverse Split”). Every ten outstanding shares of common stock became one share of common stock. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the 2014 Reverse Split. Stockholders who were otherwise entitled to receive a fractional share of common stock received one whole share of common stock. The 2014 Reverse Split did not change the number of shares of common or preferred stock that the Company is authorized to issue, or the par value of the Company’s common or preferred stock.

The 2014 Reverse Split resulted in a proportionate adjustment to the per share exercise price and the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants and stock options, as well as the number of shares of common stock eligible for issuance under the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan. All of the information in these financial statements has been presented to reflect the impact of the one-for-ten 2014 Reverse Split on a retroactive basis.

NOTE 2.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation – The Company has prepared the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to these rules and regulations. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and footnotes related thereto for the year ended December 31, 2014, included in our Form 10-K filed with the SEC. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position and the results of its operations and cash flows. The results of operations for such interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

Basis of Consolidation – The condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All significant transactions and balances between the WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates – Preparing condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results and outcomes could differ from these estimates and assumptions.

Foreign Currencies – Foreign exchange gains and losses for assets and liabilities of the Company’s non-U.S. subsidiaries for which the functional currency is the U.S. dollar are recorded in miscellaneous income (expense) in the Company’s statement of operations. The Company has no subsidiaries for which the local currency is the functional currency.

Accounts Receivable – An allowance for doubtful accounts will be recorded based on a combination of historical experience, aging analysis, and information on specific accounts. Account balances will be written off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.


4

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Inventory – Inventory is recorded at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market value. Additionally, the Company evaluates its inventory in terms of excess and obsolete exposures and records provisions as needed.

Goodwill and Long-lived Intangible Assets – Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter and between annual tests if events occur or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of goodwill may not be recoverable. Impairment losses, if any, are recorded in the statement of operations as “impairment of goodwill” within operating expenses.

Long-lived intangibles are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and are subject to review for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Amortization is recognized over the estimated useful life of the respective asset on a straight-line basis except for customer lists, which are amortized in proportion to the present value of projected cash flows within their estimated useful lives, since this methodology more closely reflects the pattern in which economic benefits are derived.

Revenue Recognition – The Company recognizes revenue when (i) delivery of product has occurred or services have been rendered, (ii) there is persuasive evidence of a sale arrangement, (iii) selling prices are fixed or determinable, and (iv) collectability from the customers (individual customers and distributors) is reasonably assured. Revenue consists primarily of revenue generated from the sale of the Company’s products. Revenue is recorded when the risk and rewards of ownership are transferred to the Company’s customers. This generally occurs when the Company’s products are shipped from its facility as title has passed. Revenue is recorded net of estimated cash discounts. The Company estimates and accrues an allowance for sales returns at the time the product is sold. To date, sales returns have not been material.

Revenue from multi-deliverable arrangements is recognized for each element on delivery of product or completion of service. A typical multi-deliverable arrangement would be the shipment of capital equipment to a customer, followed by the delivery of services or of expendable equipment, provided such delivery is both probable and substantially within the Company’s control. Revenue for each deliverable is allocated based on full list selling prices, although if none of the deliverables is disproportionately discounted relative to the overall discount, this allocation is approximated by using the actual selling price of each deliverable to the customer. The actual cost of revenue for each deliverable is recognized when the revenue for that deliverable is recognized.

Governmental Subsidies – Incentives received from governments in the form of grants are recorded as a reduction in expense in accordance with their purpose. Grants awarded for the purpose of matching specified expenditures are not recognized until a definitive agreement has been signed by both parties; thereafter income is recognized to the extent that the related expenses have been incurred. The Company recognized no governmental subsidies in the three months ended June 30, 2015, the balance of available matching funds having been fully used by March 31, 2015, and $108,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2014. The Company recognized governmental subsidies of $164,000 and $173,000 in the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, which were offset against operating expenses in the statement of operations.

Stock-Based Compensation – The Company measures the fair value of all stock-based awards to employees, including stock options, on the grant date and records the fair value of these awards, net of estimated forfeitures, to compensation expense over the service period. The fair value of awards to consultants is measured on the dates on which performance of services is completed, with interim valuations recorded at balance sheet dates while performance is in progress. The fair value of options is estimated using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and of restricted stock is based on the Company’s closing share price on the measurement date.

Change in Fair Value of Derivatives – The Company recognizes (or recognized until the time of their settlement) its warrants with certain cash settlement provisions or with certain anti-dilution protection as derivative liabilities. Such liabilities are valued when the financial instruments are initially issued or the derivative first requires recognition and are also revalued at each reporting date, with the change in their respective fair values being recorded as a gain or loss on revaluation within other income and expenses in the statement of operations. The Company determines the fair value of those warrants for which no anti-dilution adjustment is projected prior to the expiration date using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and all other derivative liabilities using a Monte Carlo Simulation approach, with key input variables provided by management.

Warranty Reserve – The Company’s standard warranty agreement is one year from shipment of certain products. The Company accrues for anticipated warranty costs upon shipment of these products. The Company’s warranty reserve is based on management’s judgment regarding anticipated rates of warranty claims and associated repair costs, and is updated quarterly.


5

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Net Income (Loss) Per Share – Basic net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus common share equivalents from conversion of dilutive stock options, warrants, and restricted stock using the treasury method, and convertible securities using the as-converted method, except when antidilutive. In the event of a net loss, the effects of all potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the diluted net loss per share calculation as their inclusion would be antidilutive.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-9, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” (“ASU 2014-9”). ASU 2014-9 will replace most of the existing revenue recognition guidance within U.S. GAAP. The core principle of this guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. In doing so, companies will be required to make certain judgments and estimates, including identifying contract performance obligations, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price among separate performance obligations. Further, ASU 2014-9 will require companies to make additional disclosures. ASU 2014-9 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those years, and will become effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2017, with early adoption not permitted. In April 2015, the FASB voted to permit deferral of the effective date by one year, so the Company may delay adopting the standard until January 1, 2018. ASU 2014-9 allows for two methods of adoption, a full retrospective method or a modified retrospective approach with the cumulative effect recognized at the date of initial application. The Company is in the process of determining both the timing and the method of adoption and its impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Topic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern” (“ASU 2014-15”). ASU 2014-15 will add guidance to U.S. GAAP that is presently available only in auditing standards, and provide clarification of such guidance. Further, an assessment of going concern will be required at each interim reporting period (in addition to the existing auditing guideline of an annual assessment), and will require a look-forward period of one year from the date of issuance (as opposed to the existing auditing guideline of one year from the balance sheet date). ASU 2014-15 is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted, and will become effective for the Company for the year ending December 31, 2016, and for each interim period thereafter. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-3, “Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs” (“ASU 2015-3”). ASU 2015-3 requires issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as an offset against the recorded liability, similar to debt discounts. Such issuance costs were previously recorded as assets. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are unchanged. ASU 2015-3 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those years, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2015 and, since it has no debt issuance costs recorded for any period that will presented after that date, its adoption has no impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory” (“ASU 2015-11”). ASU 2015-11 requires inventory that is recorded using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) or average cost method to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value (defined as the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation), as opposed to the existing requirement to measure such inventory at the lower of cost and market value. ASU 2015-11 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is adopting this standard effective July 1, 2015, and its adoption will not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial condition or results of operations.




6

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)



NOTE 3.  Inventories

Inventories, net of provisions for potentially excess, obsolete or impaired goods, consisted of the following at June 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014:
 
June 30,  2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(in thousands)
Raw materials
$
57

 
$
55

Work in process
90

 
251

Finished goods
687

 
507

Inventories, net
$
834

 
$
813


NOTE 4.  Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in the six months ended June 30, 2015, were as follows:
 
(in thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2015
$
990

 
 
Additions

 
 
Balance at June 30, 2015
$
990


Other intangible assets as of June 30, 2015, consist of:
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Net
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Intangible
Assets
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Purchased technology
$
360

 
$
150

 
$
210

Customer lists and trademarks
1,500

 
573

 
927

Total as of June 30, 2015
$
1,860

 
$
723

 
$
1,137


The estimated future amortization expenses by fiscal year are as follows:
 
(in thousands)
Year ending December 31,
 
2015 (six months remaining)
$
225

2016
421

2017
314

2018
148

2019
29

 
 
Total amortization
$
1,137


Intangible asset amortization expense was $113,000 and $124,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $225,000 and $249,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.





7

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


NOTE 5.  Long Term Obligations

On August 15, 2013, the Company issued WaferGen Biosystems (M) Sdn. Bhd. (“WGBM”), a wholly owned subsidiary in Malaysia, notes with a face value of $6.6 million, maturing on August 15, 2020 (the “Malaysian Notes”), in consideration of WGBM’s cancellation of the Company’s obligations under a term loan owing to WGBM which, as of that date, had an outstanding loan balance of approximately $5.3 million. Under the terms of an agreement between the Company, WGBM and Malaysian Technology Development Corporation Sdn. Bhd. (“MTDC,” a major investor in WGBM’s preference shares), upon liquidation of WGBM (which occurred on November 26, 2013), the Malaysian Notes were divided such that the Company received notes with an aggregate principal amount of $1.4 million and MTDC received notes with an aggregate principal amount of $5.2 million (the “MTDC Notes”). The MTDC Notes were recorded using an effective interest rate of 17.39% and are summarized as follows at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
June 30,  2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(in thousands)
MTDC Notes Payable:
 
 
 
Face value
$
5,200

 
$
5,200

Debt discount, net of accumulated amortization of $517 and $339 at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
3,026

 
3,204

Notes payable, net of debt discount
$
2,174

 
$
1,996


At any time prior to the MTDC Notes’ maturity date, the Company may issue to MTDC shares of the Company’s common stock with a value, based on the average closing price in the preceding 30 days, equal to the face value of the MTDC Notes. Based on an average closing price of $3.8724 in the 30 days preceding June 30, 2015, the MTDC Notes could have been settled by issuing 1,343,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

On January 6, 2014, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of the product line of IntegenX Inc. (“IntegenX”) used in connection with developing, manufacturing, marketing and selling instruments and reagents relating to library preparation for next generation sequencing (“NGS”), including the Apollo 324™ instrument and the PrepX™ reagents (the “Apollo Business”). In connection with this acquisition, the Company issued a $1.25 million secured promissory note to IntegenX (the “IntegenX Note”), due on January 6, 2017 (the “Maturity Date”). The IntegenX Note earned simple interest at 8% per annum over its three year term, payable on the Maturity Date. It was repayable early without premium or penalty at the Company’s option at any time and it had to be repaid within 45 days of the closing of an equity offering yielding the Company net cash proceeds of at least $15,000,000. Such an equity offering closed on August 27, 2014, and the IntegenX Note was repaid on September 12, 2014.

The Company also leases equipment under three capital leases that expire between December 2017 and May 2018. Aggregate future minimum obligations for capital leases in effect as of June 30, 2015, are as follows:
 
Capital Leases
 
(in thousands)
Year ending June 30,
 
2016
$
192

2017
192

2018
112

 
 
Total minimum obligations
496

 
 
Amounts representing interest
(26
)
 
 
Present value of future minimum payments
470

 
 
Current portion of long term obligations
(176
)
 
 
Long term obligations, less current portion
$
294



8

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


NOTE 6.  Preferred Stock

The Company has 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized. Effective August 27, 2013, the Company designated 3,663 shares as Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock. The Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock had no voting rights, and holders were entitled to a liquidation preference equal to $0.001 per share. Each share of Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock was convertible into 251.53436 shares of common stock, subject to an ownership cap whereby conversion could not occur to the extent the holder would own more than 9.98% of the common stock following conversion.

On August 27, 2013, the Company issued 2,987 shares of Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock in exchange for previously-issued securities and sold 646 shares of Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock in a private placement. By December 31, 2014, all of the 3,633 shares of Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock issued had been converted into 914,000 shares of common stock. The Company subsequently retired all of the Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock, none of which remains issued and outstanding and none will be issued in the future.

NOTE 7.  Stock Awards

The Company has awards outstanding under 3 plans: the 2003 Incentive Stock Plan (the “2003 Plan”), the 2007 Stock Option Plan (the “2007 Plan”) and the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2008 Plan”) (collectively, the “Plans”). In addition, there are 249,000 inducement options and 50,000 inducement restricted stock units outstanding that were awarded to executive officers on August 27, 2014 and May 12, 2015, not covered by the Plans, with the same standard terms as non-qualified stock options or restricted stock units awarded under the 2008 Plan. Under the 2003 Plan and 2007 Plan, incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units could be granted. Awards vested over varying periods, as specified by the Company’s Board of Directors for each grant, and are exercisable for a maximum period of ten years after date of grant. Both of these plans have been frozen, resulting in no further shares being available for grant.

The Company presently issues most of its awards under the 2008 Plan, initially adopted by the Company’s stockholders on June 5, 2008, and subsequently amended to authorize the issuance of additional shares of the Company’s common stock. The purpose of the 2008 Plan is to provide an incentive to retain the employment of directors, officers, consultants, advisors and employees of the Company, to attract new personnel whose training, experience and ability are considered valuable, to encourage the sense of proprietorship, and to stimulate the active interest of such persons in the Company’s development and financial success.

Under the 2008 Plan, the Company is authorized to issue incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units. Awards that expire or are canceled generally become available for issuance again under the 2008 Plan. The number of shares of the Company’s common stock available under the 2008 Plan will be subject to adjustment in the event of a stock split, stock dividend or other extraordinary dividend, or other similar change in the Company’s common stock or capital structure. Awards may vest over varying periods, as specified by the Company’s Board of Directors for each grant, and have a maximum term of seven years from the grant date. The 2008 Plan is administered by the Company’s Board of Directors.

The Company has issued both options and restricted stock (including restricted stock units), mostly under the Plans. Restricted stock grants afford the recipient the opportunity to receive shares of common stock, subject to certain terms, whereas options give them the right to purchase common stock at a set price. Both the Company’s options and restricted stock issued to employees generally have vesting restrictions that are eliminated over three or four years, although vesting may be over a shorter period, or may occur on the grant date, depending on the terms of each individual award.


9

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


A summary of stock option and restricted stock transactions in the six months ended June 30, 2015, is as follows:
 
 
 
Stock Options
 
Restricted Stock
 
Shares
Available
for Grant
 
Number of
Options
Outstanding
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Number of
Shares
Outstanding
 
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
 
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2015
895

 
188

 
$
27.35

 
225

 
$
4.54

Granted
(499
)
 
361

 
$
3.43

 
337

 
$
4.03

Vested

 

 
$

 
(71
)
 
$
4.54

Forfeited
37

 

 
$

 
(13
)
 
$
4.53

Canceled
1

 
(1
)
 
$
278.32

 

 
$

Balance at June 30, 2015
434

 
548

 
$
11.34

 
478

 
$
4.18


No options were exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014. The aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2015, was nil, based on our common stock closing price of $3.15. Aggregate intrinsic value is the total pretax amount (i.e., the difference between the Company’s stock price and the exercise price) that would have been received by the option holders had all their in-the-money options been exercised.

The weighted average grant date fair value of the options awarded in the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, was estimated to be $2.56 and $9.86, respectively, using grant date closing stock prices ranging from $3.19 to $3.78 on award dates in 2015 and $14.00 on the award date in 2014, and based on the following assumptions:

 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Risk-free interest rate
1.25% - 1.44%

 
1.43
%
Expected remaining term
3.55 - 4.50 Years

 
4.75 Years

Expected volatility
106.11% - 119.36%

 
93.89
%
Dividend yield
%
 
%

The amounts expensed for stock-based compensation totaled $213,000 and $688,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $959,000 and $760,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

At June 30, 2015, the total stock-based compensation cost not yet recognized, net of estimated forfeitures, was $2,084,000. This cost is expected to be recognized over an estimated weighted average amortization period of 2.51 years. No amounts related to stock-based compensation costs have been capitalized. The tax benefit and the resulting effect on cash flows from operating and financing activities related to stock-based compensation costs were not recognized as the Company currently provides a full valuation allowance for all of its deferred taxes.


10

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


NOTE 8.  Warrants

A summary of outstanding common stock warrants as of June 30, 2015, is as follows:
Securities Into Which
 
Total Warrants
 
Warrants Recorded
 
Exercise
 
Expiration
Warrants are Convertible
 
Outstanding
 
as Liabilities
 
Price
 
Date
 
 
 (in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Common stock
 
4,600

 

 
$
5.00

 
August 2019
Common stock
 
120

 

 
$
6.25

 
August 2019
Common stock
 
613

 
111

 
$
26.00

 
August and September 2018
Common stock
 
3

 

 
$
1,540.55

 
July 2015
Total
 
5,336

 
111

 
 

 
 

In addition, there are 25.88 unit warrants outstanding, which expire in August and September 2018, 0.35 of which are recorded as liabilities, each entitling the holder to purchase, for $50,000, 2,500 shares of common stock and 1,250 warrants to purchase one share of common stock at an exercise price of $26.00, expiring in August and September 2018.

The Company records warrants and unit warrants with certain anti-dilution protection or certain cash settlement provisions as liabilities, with the estimated fair value of those warrants for which no anti-dilution adjustment is projected prior to the expiration date being calculated using the Black-Scholes valuation model, with all others being calculated using a Monte Carlo Simulation approach, using key input variables provided by management, at each reporting date. Changes in fair value are recorded as gains or losses on revaluation in non-operating income (expense).

On March 31, 2014, the Company amended the terms of 413,000 warrants and 22.54 unit warrants expiring in August and September 2018 to eliminate certain potential cash settlement provisions such that the liability was settled, having received consent from their holders. The fair value of the securities settled and reclassified as equity on March 31, 2014, was estimated to be $6,109,000, based on assumptions described below. On June 30, 2014, the Company similarly amended the terms of a further 89,000 warrants and 2.99 unit warrants such that the liability was settled, having received consent from their holders after March 31, 2014. The fair value of the securities settled and reclassified as equity on June 30, 2014, was estimated to be $712,000. There have been no such reclassifications since June 30, 2014.

The aggregate fair value of those warrants and unit warrants accounted for as liabilities as of June 30, 2015 and 2014 (including warrants which have subsequently expired or been reclassified as equity), was estimated to be $86,000 and $952,000, respectively, using a closing stock price of $3.15 and $12.50, respectively, and based on the following assumptions:
 
June 30, 2015
 
June 30, 2014
Risk-free interest rate
0.95% - 0.98%

 
0.03% - 1.03%

Expected remaining term
2.84 - 2.93 Years

 
0.15 - 3.40 Years

Expected volatility
107.37% - 107.49%

 
103.32% - 123.85%

Dividend yield
%
 
%

The aggregate fair value of such warrants and unit warrants at December 31, 2014 and 2013, was estimated to be $126,000 and $9,147,000, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, the decrease in the fair value of the warrant derivative liability of $40,000 was recorded as a revaluation gain. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, to the extent that it did not arise from settlements, the decrease in the fair value of the warrant derivative liability of $1,374,000 was recorded as a revaluation gain (see Note 9).


11

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


NOTE 9.  Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value measurements are determined under a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value, distinguishing between market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (“observable inputs”) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (“unobservable inputs”). Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or would be paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the “exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company primarily uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets (“market approach”). The Company also considers the impact of a significant decrease in volume and level of activity for an asset or liability when compared with normal activity to identify transactions that are not orderly.

The highest priority is given to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). Securities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

The three hierarchy levels are defined as follows:

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;

Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly;

Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

The following tables present the Company’s liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
June 30, 2015
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Recurring Financial Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrant derivative liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
86

 
$
86

Contingent earn-out payments

 

 
302

 
302

Total liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
388

 
$
388


 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
December 31, 2014
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Recurring Financial Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Warrant derivative liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
126

 
$
126

Contingent earn-out payments

 

 
279

 
279

Total liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
405

 
$
405



12

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The following tables present a reconciliation of all liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:
 
Warrant
Derivatives
 
Contingent
Earn-out
Payments
 
Total
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2015
$
126

 
$
279

 
$
405

Issuances

 

 

Gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net
(40
)
 

 
(40
)
Change in contingent earn-out adjustment included in interest expense

 
23

 
23

Settlements

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015
$
86

 
$
302

 
$
388

Total gains (losses) included in other income and expenses attributable to liabilities still held as of June 30, 2015
$
40

 
$
(23
)
 
$
17


 
Warrant
Derivatives
 
Contingent
Earn-out
Payments
 
Total
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
9,147

 
$

 
$
9,147

Issuances

 
410

 
410

Gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net
(1,374
)
 

 
(1,374
)
Settlements
(6,821
)
 

 
(6,821
)
Balance at June 30, 2014
$
952

 
$
410

 
$
1,362

Total gains included in other income and expenses attributable to liabilities still held as of June 30, 2014
$
776

 
$

 
$
776


The liability for contingent earn-out payments arises from the Company’s requirement to pay IntegenX a percentage of revenues of the Apollo Business acquired from IntegenX in January 2014, on a sliding scale up to 20%, should certain revenue targets be achieved in 2014, 2015 and 2016. The fair value of the acquisition earn-out contingencies is determined using a modeling technique based on significant unobservable inputs calculated using a probability-weighted revenue approach. The Company initially estimated the fair value of the contingent consideration using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model based on key assumptions including annual revenues ranging from $4.0 million to $9.9 million and a discount rate of 14%. At December 31, 2014, the estimate of fair value was updated using future annual revenues ranging from $3.4 million to $7.7 million and a discount rate of 14%. At June 30, 2015, the annual revenue estimates are unchanged, the liability increasing due to a reduction in the amount of discount, which was expensed as interest.

Assumptions used in evaluating the warrant derivative liabilities are discussed in Note 8. The principal assumptions used, and their impact on valuations, are as follows:

Risk-Free Interest Rate.  This is the U.S. Treasury rate for the measurement date having a term equal to the weighted average expected remaining term of the instrument. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Expected Remaining Term.  This is the period of time over which the instrument is expected to remain outstanding and is based on management’s estimate, taking into consideration the remaining contractual life, historical experience and the possibility of liquidation. An increase in the expected remaining term will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.


13

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Expected Volatility.  This is a measure of the amount by which the Company’s common stock price has fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate. The Company applies equal weighting to the Company’s own historic volatility and the historic volatility of a group of publicly traded companies over the retrospective period corresponding to the expected remaining term of the instrument on the measurement date. The Company applies a reduced weighting to its own historic volatility during the period prior to August 27, 2013, when it was highly leveraged. The group of publicly traded companies is selected from the same industry or market index, with extra weighting attached to those companies most similar in terms of business activity, size and financial leverage. An increase in the expected volatility will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Dividend Yield.  The Company has not made any dividend payments and does not plan to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. An increase in the dividend yield will decrease the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014.

NOTE 10.  Net Loss Per Share

Basic and diluted net loss per share are shown on the statement of operations.

No adjustment has been made to the net loss for charges related to MTDC Notes or Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock, as the effect would be anti-dilutive due to the net loss.

The following outstanding stock options, warrants and unit warrants (on an as-converted into common stock basis) and shares issuable or contingently issuable upon conversion of restricted stock, Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock and MTDC Notes were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share attributable to holders of common stock as they had antidilutive effects for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Common share equivalents issuable upon exercise of common stock options
53

 
2

 
46

 
3

Shares issuable upon vesting of restricted stock
421

 
2

 
335

 
1

Shares issuable upon conversion of Series 1 Convertible Preferred Stock

 
731

 

 
736

Shares issuable upon conversion of  MTDC Notes
1,343

 
398

 
1,343

 
398

Total common share equivalents excluded from denominator for diluted earnings per share computation
1,817

 
1,133

 
1,724

 
1,138


NOTE 11.  Concentrations

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivable. The Company places its cash in commercial banks. Accounts in the United States are secured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Accounts in Luxembourg are similarly guaranteed. The Company’s total deposits at commercial banks usually exceed the balances insured.

The Company generally requires no collateral from its customers. No provision was made for doubtful accounts at June 30, 2015, or December 31, 2014.


14

WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Customers accounting for more than 10% of total revenues during the three or six months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014, are tabulated as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
Customer A
$
343

 
21
%
 
$

 
%
 
$
376

 
14
%
 
$

 
%
Customer B
$
199

 
12
%
 
$
25

 
1
%
 
$
408

 
15
%
 
$
25

 
1
%
Customer C
$
10

 
1
%
 
$
241

 
14
%
 
$
26

 
1
%
 
$
241

 
8
%
Customer D
$
4

 
%
 
$
224

 
13
%
 
$
23

 
1
%
 
$
225

 
7
%
Customer E
$
29

 
2
%
 
$
202

 
12
%
 
$
49

 
2
%
 
$
213

 
7
%
Customer F
$
146

 
9
%
 
$
182

 
11
%
 
$
252

 
9
%
 
$
279

 
9
%

NOTE 12.  Contingencies

From time to time the Company may be involved in claims arising in connection with its business. Based on information currently available, the Company believes that the amount, or range, of reasonably possible losses in connection with any pending actions against it in excess of established reserves, in the aggregate, not to be material to its consolidated financial condition or cash flows. However, losses may be material to the Company’s operating results for any particular future period, depending on the level of income or loss for such period.

15


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion highlights the principal factors that have affected our financial condition and results of operations as well as our liquidity and capital resources for the periods described.

The information contained in this Form 10-Q is intended to update the information contained in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 (the “Form 10-K”), and our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 (the “First Quarter Form 10-Q”), both as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and presumes that readers have access to, and will have read, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, and other information contained in the Form 10-K and the First Quarter Form 10-Q. The following discussion and analysis also should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

Forward-Looking Statements

Information included in this Form 10-Q may contain forward-looking statements. Except for the historical information contained in this discussion of the business and the discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations, the matters discussed herein are forward looking statements. These forward looking statements include but are not limited to our plans for sales growth and expectations of gross margin, expenses, new product introduction, integration and potential benefits of our recent business acquisition, and our liquidity and capital needs. This information may involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements, which involve assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” “contemplate,” “predict,” “project,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. In addition to the risks and uncertainties described in “Risk Factors” contained in the Form 10-K, these risks and uncertainties may include consumer trends, business cycles, scientific developments, changes in governmental policy and regulation, currency fluctuations, economic trends in the United States and inflation. Forward-looking statements are based on assumptions that may be incorrect, and there can be no assurance that any projections or other expectations included in any forward-looking statements will come to pass. Our actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Except as required by applicable laws, we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future.

Company Overview and Background

Since beginning operations in 2003, we have been engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of systems for gene expression quantification, genotyping and stem-cell research for the life sciences and pharmaceutical drug discovery industries. Most recently, our R&D efforts have been concentrated on the development and commercialization of our single cell products. Our products are aimed at researchers who perform genetic analysis and cell biology, primarily at pharmaceutical and biotech companies, academic and private research centers and diagnostics companies involved in biomarker research. We plan to provide new performance standards with significant savings of time and cost for professionals in the field of gene expression research and to facilitate biomarker discovery, toxicology and clinical research through the SmartChip products and services.

Our revenue is subject to fluctuations due to the timing of sales of high-value products and service projects, the impact of seasonal spending patterns, the timing and size of research projects our customers perform, changes in overall spending levels in the life science industry and other unpredictable factors that may affect customer ordering patterns. Any significant delays in the commercial launch or any lack or delay of commercial acceptance of new products, unfavorable sales trends in existing product lines, or impacts from the other factors mentioned above, could adversely affect our revenue growth or cause a sequential decline in quarterly revenue. Due to the possibility of fluctuations in our revenue and net income or loss, we believe that quarterly comparisons of our operating results are not a good indicator of future performance.

Since inception, we have incurred substantial operating losses. As of June 30, 2015, our accumulated deficit was approximately $100.2 million. Losses have principally occurred as a result of the substantial resources required for the research, development and manufacturing start-up costs required to commercialize our initial products. We expect to continue to incur substantial costs for research and development activities for at least the next year as we expand and improve our core technology and its applications in the life science research market.

In May 2015, we hired a new Chief Executive Officer, the former incumbent becoming our Executive Chairman. Following this transition, the role of Chief Operating Officer was eliminated in July 2015.

16


Results of Operations

The following table presents selected items in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
1,485

 
$
1,608

 
$
2,506

 
$
2,889

License and royalty
125

 
125

 
250

 
250

Total revenue
1,610

 
1,733

 
2,756

 
3,139

Cost of product revenue
676

 
758

 
1,090

 
1,365

Gross profit
934

 
975

 
1,666

 
1,774

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Sales and marketing
1,232

 
1,364

 
2,465

 
2,637

Research and development
2,279

 
1,473

 
4,750

 
2,840

General and administrative
1,252

 
1,289

 
2,854

 
2,101

Total operating expenses
4,763

 
4,126

 
10,069

 
7,578

Operating loss
(3,829
)
 
(3,151
)
 
(8,403
)
 
(5,804
)
Other income and (expenses):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense, net
(107
)
 
(109
)
 
(213
)
 
(212
)
Gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net
104

 
1,158

 
40

 
1,374

Miscellaneous income (expense)
11

 
(1
)
 
(49
)
 
(4
)
Total other income and (expenses)
8

 
1,048

 
(222
)
 
1,158

Net loss before provision for income taxes
(3,821
)
 
(2,103
)
 
(8,625
)
 
(4,646
)
Provision for income taxes

 

 
2

 
3

Net loss
$
(3,821
)
 
$
(2,103
)
 
$
(8,627
)
 
$
(4,649
)

Product Revenue

The following table presents our product revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
1,485

 
$
1,608

 
(8
)%
 
$
2,506

 
$
2,889

 
(13
)%

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, product revenue decreased by $123,000, or 8%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. The decrease is primarily due to a reduction in sales of SmartChip capital equipment in the three months ended June 30, 2015, with revenue of $271,000, down 63% from the comparable 2014 period. SmartChip capital equipment represented only 18% of our product revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 46% in the 2014 period. This was partially offset by an increase in sales of our Real-Time PCR Chip panels and services, which increased by 60% from the comparable 2014 period in dollar terms and represented 31% of revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 18% in the comparable 2014 period. Revenue from the Apollo Business increased by $170,000 from the comparable 2014 period due to an increase in capital equipment sales. The Apollo Business accounted for 51% of our product revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 36% in the comparable 2014 period.

For the six months ended June 30, 2015, product revenue decreased by $383,000, or 13%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The decrease is primarily due to a reduction in sales of SmartChip capital equipment in the six months ended June 30, 2015, with revenue of $373,000, down 72% from the comparable 2014 period. SmartChip capital equipment represented only 15% of our product revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 47% in the 2014 period. This was partially offset

17


by an increase in sales of our Real-Time PCR Chip panels and services, which increased by more than 100% from the comparable 2014 period in dollar terms and represented 38% of revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 16% in the comparable 2014 period. Revenue from the Apollo Business increased by $104,000 from the comparable 2014 period due to an increase in capital equipment sales. The Apollo Business accounted for 47% of our product revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to 37% in the comparable 2014 period.

License and Royalty Revenue

The following table presents our license and royalty revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
125

 
$
125

 
%
 
$
250

 
$
250

 
%

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, license and royalty revenue was unchanged from the three and six months ended June 30, 2014. This revenue was generated by an agreement signed at the beginning of February 2013, expected to generate revenue of $500,000 annually for three years.

Cost of Product Revenue

The following table presents the cost of our product revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
676

 
$
758

 
(11
)%
 
$
1,090

 
$
1,365

 
(20
)%

Cost of product revenue includes the cost of products paid to third party vendors and raw materials, labor and overhead for products manufactured internally, and reserves for warranty and inventory obsolescence.

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, cost of product revenue decreased by $82,000, or 11%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. The decrease related primarily to the decrease in product revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2015, with gross margin increasing from 53% to 54%.

For the six months ended June 30, 2015, cost of product revenue decreased by $275,000, or 20%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The decrease related primarily to the decrease in product revenue and the increase in gross margin in the three months ended June 30, 2015, from 53% to 57%. The improved margin was primarily due to the higher percentage of consumables sold.

Sales and Marketing

The following table presents our sales and marketing expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
1,232

 
$
1,364

 
(10
)%
 
$
2,465

 
$
2,637

 
(7
)%

Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of compensation costs of our sales and marketing team, commissions, and the costs associated with various marketing programs.

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, sales and marketing expenses decreased by $132,000, or 10%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. This decrease resulted primarily from a decrease in product marketing and recruiting expenses, partially offset by an increase in personnel costs in Europe, mostly due to the absence of a matching grant (a governmental subsidy under which 50% of eligible costs were reimbursed) in the 2015 period.


18


For the six months ended June 30, 2015, sales and marketing expenses decreased by $172,000, or 7%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. This decrease resulted primarily from a decrease in product marketing expense, partially offset by increases in personnel costs in Europe, largely due to a decrease in the matching grant in the 2015 period.

We expect our sales and marketing expenses for the remainder of 2015 to remain at a similar level to that of the first six months.

Research and Development

The following table presents our research and development expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
2,279

 
$
1,473

 
55
%
 
$
4,750

 
$
2,840

 
67
%

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and other personnel-related expenses, laboratory supplies and other expenses related to the design, development, testing and enhancement of our products. Research and development expenses are expensed as they are incurred.

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, research and development expenses increased $806,000, or 55%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, research and development expenses increased $1,910,000, or 67%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase in both periods resulted primarily from increased activities related to the development and commercialization of our single cell products, causing us to incur higher personnel costs (including accrued bonuses, none having been recorded in the comparable 2014 period, and stock compensation costs), facilities costs and expensed materials and reagents. This increase was partially offset by a reduction in activities related to the development of target enrichment products which are now established in the market.

We believe a substantial investment in research and development is essential in the long term to remain competitive and expand into additional markets. Accordingly, we expect our research and development expenses to remain at a high level relative to total expenditures for the foreseeable future.

General and Administrative

The following table presents our general and administrative expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
1,252

 
$
1,289

 
(3
)%
 
$
2,854

 
$
2,101

 
36
%

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs for finance, human resources, business development, and general management, as well as professional fees, such as expenses for legal and accounting services.

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, general and administrative expenses decreased $37,000, or 3%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. The decrease resulted primarily from a decrease in stock compensation expense, principally related to options awarded to our then Chief Executive Officer in May 2014, the majority of which vested in the 2014 period per his employment contract, and a reduction in consultancy costs as the CFO and controller functions are no longer outsourced. These decreases were substantially offset by the costs of our Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, both hired in August 2014, and the costs of our Executive Chairman following the hiring of our new Chief Executive Officer in May 2015, along with accrued bonuses, none having been recorded in the comparable 2014 period. We also incurred one-off costs in the 2015 period for the recruitment of our Chief Executive Officer and severance costs related to the elimination of the position of Chief Operating Officer.

For the six months ended June 30, 2015, general and administrative expenses increased $753,000, or 36%, as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase resulted primarily from an increase in personnel costs related to our Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, both hired in August 2014, and the costs of our Executive Chairman following the hiring of

19


our new Chief Executive Officer in May 2015, along with accrued bonuses, none having been recorded in the comparable 2014 period. We also incurred one-off costs in the 2015 period for the recruitment of our Chief Executive Officer and severance costs related to the elimination of the position of Chief Operating Officer. We also incurred higher investor relations costs, largely in conjunction with being Nasdaq-listed. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in consultancy costs as the CFO and controller functions are no longer outsourced and a reduction in professional fees, principally one-off costs in the 2014 period related to the IntegenX acquisition.

Interest Expense, Net

The following table presents interest expense, net for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
107

 
$
109

 
(2
)%
 
$
213

 
$
212

 
%

For the three months ended June 30, 2015, interest expense decreased $2,000, or 2%, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2014. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, interest expense was essentially flat, increasing by $1,000 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase was due to the higher cost of debt discount amortization related to the $5,200,000 in long-term debt issued to Malaysian Technology Development Corporation Sdn. Bhd. (“MTDC”), an investor in WaferGen Biosystems (M) Sdn. Bhd. (“WGBM”), our now-dissolved Malaysian subsidiary (the “MTDC Notes”), which are being amortized using the effective yield method, which weights the interest charges towards the latter stages of the contractual term of the debt. Interest on the MTDC Notes is expected to be approximately $370,000 in 2015, rising each year up to $732,000 in 2019, the last full year before this debt matures. There was also an increase due to capital leases and our earn-out contingency. These increases were offset by the absence of the 8% interest and amortization charges on the IntegenX Note which we repaid in September 2014.

Gain on Revaluation of Warrant Derivative Liabilities, Net

The following table represents the gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, net for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
104

 
$
1,158

 
(91
)%
 
$
40

 
$
1,374

 
(97
)%

Our warrant derivative liabilities arise due to the cash settlement provisions in certain warrants and unit warrants and, until the time of their expiry, the variable number of shares of our common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of those warrants with certain anti-dilution protection.

The net gain from revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities for the three months ended June 30, 2015, was $104,000, compared to a net gain of $1,158,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014. The net gain from revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2015, was $40,000, compared to a net gain of $1,374,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2014. Gains and losses are directly attributable to revaluations of our derivative liabilities and result primarily from a net decrease or increase, respectively, in our stock price in the period. Our closing stock price was $3.15 on June 30, 2015, compared to $4.53 on March 31, 2015 and $3.00 on December 31, 2014, and was $12.50 on June 30, 2014, compared to $20.00 on both March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The gain in the three months ended June 30, 2015, arose principally due to the decrease in our stock price, whereas in the six months ended June 30, 2015, it arose due to decreases in expected volatility and remaining term. In the 2014 periods the gain was caused principally by the decrease in our stock price. The impact of changes in parameters was significantly reduced in the 2015 period as there were only 118,000 warrants accounted for as liabilities at the start of 2015, compared to 740,000 at the start of 2014. With the present number of outstanding warrants accounted for as liabilities, at our closing stock price of $3.15 on June 30, 2015, an increase in our share price of $1.00 would generate a revaluation loss of approximately $60,000; conversely, a decrease in our share price of $1.00 would generate a revaluation gain of approximately $50,000.

Future gains or losses on revaluation will result primarily from net decreases or increases, respectively, in our stock price during the reporting period. Derivative liabilities will also decrease as the remaining term of each instrument diminishes.


20


Miscellaneous Income (Expense)

The following table presents miscellaneous income (expense) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$
11

 
$
(1
)
 
N/A
 
$
(49
)
 
$
(4
)
 
N/A


For the three months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded miscellaneous income of $11,000, compared to an expense of $1,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded miscellaneous expense of $49,000, compared to an expense of $4,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2014. Miscellaneous income or expense is the result of net foreign currency exchange gains or losses which arise on our subsidiary in Luxembourg and on U.S. expenses denominated in foreign currencies. The principal reason for the income in the three months ended June 30, 2015, is net assets of $500,000 being denominated in Euros, which increased in value against the U.S. dollar by 2% during the period, whereas in the six months ended June 30, 2015, they declined in value against the U.S. dollar by 10% during the period.

Provision for Income Taxes

The following table presents the provision for income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change

(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
$

 
$

 
N/A
 
$
2

 
$
3

 
(33
)%

We recorded no income tax expense in the three months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014. For the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, we recorded a charge of $2,000 and $3,000, respectively, for U.S. state income taxes. We have provided a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets.

Headcount

Our consolidated headcount as of August 6, 2015, comprised 51 regular employees, 50 of whom were employed full-time, compared to 46 regular employees as of December 31, 2014, 45 of whom were employed full-time.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of June 30, 2015, our principal source of liquidity was $7.4 million in cash and cash equivalents. We had working capital of $6.1 million. Our funding has primarily been generated by the issuance of equity securities, which includes $18.0 million and $13.4 million raised, net of offering costs, in 2014 and 2013, respectively. We also had, as of June 30, 2015, Notes with a principal amount of $5.2 million owing to MTDC, repayable in August 2020.

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

We experienced negative cash flow from operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, in the amounts of $7,108,000 and $5,064,000, respectively. The cash used in operating activities in the six months ended June 30, 2015, was due to cash used to fund a net loss of $8,627,000, adjusted for non-cash expenses related to depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, inventory provision and amortization of debt discount totaling $1,546,000, and cash used by a change in working capital of $27,000. The cash used in operating activities in the six months ended June 30, 2014, was due to cash used to fund a net loss of $4,649,000, adjusted for non-cash expenses related to depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, gain on revaluation of warrant derivative liabilities, inventory provision, interest converted to principal on long-term debt and amortization of debt discount totaling $611,000, and cash provided by a change in working capital of $196,000.


21


Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

We used $98,000 in the six months ended June 30, 2015, and $123,000 in the six months ended June 30, 2014, to acquire property and equipment. Further, in the six months ended June 30, 2014, we used $2,000,000 to acquire the Apollo Business.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

In the six months ended June 30, 2015, we used $64,000 in repayments on capital leases for equipment and $94,000 to pay income taxes for restricted stock forfeited. There were no financing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2014.

Availability of Additional Funds

We believe funds available at June 30, 2015, along with our revenue, are sufficient to fund our operations into 2016. To continue our operations thereafter, it is likely that we will need to raise further capital, through the sale of additional securities or otherwise. Our operating needs include the planned costs to operate our business, including amounts required to fund working capital and capital expenditures. At the present time, we have no material commitments for capital expenditures. Our future capital requirements and the adequacy of our available funds will depend on many factors, most notably our ability to successfully commercialize our products and services.

While we believe we have sufficient cash to fund our operating, investing and financing activities in the near term, we consider it likely that additional capital will be needed to sustain our operations before we achieve profitability. We have no commitments to obtain any additional funds and there can be no assurance that we will be able to raise sufficient additional capital as we need it on favorable terms, or at all. The conversion of our MTDC Notes, and the sale of equity or convertible debt securities in the future, may be dilutive to our stockholders, and debt financing arrangements may require us to pledge certain assets and enter into covenants that could restrict certain business activities or our ability to incur further indebtedness, and may contain other terms that are not favorable to us or our stockholders. If we are unable to obtain additional capital as needed we may not be able to continue our efforts to develop and commercialize our products and services and may be forced to significantly curtail or suspend our operations.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements of WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. include the accounts of Wafergen, Inc. and WaferGen Biosystems Europe S.a.r.l., our Luxembourg subsidiary. All significant inter-company transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Deferred Tax Valuation Allowance

We believe substantial uncertainties exist regarding the future realization of deferred tax assets, and, accordingly, a full valuation allowance is required, amounting to approximately $35,000,000 at December 31, 2014. In subsequent periods, if and when we generate pre-tax income, a tax expense will not be recorded to the extent that the remaining valuation allowance can be used to offset that expense. Once a consistent pattern of pre-tax income is established or other events occur that indicate that the deferred tax assets will be realized, additional portions or all of the remaining valuation allowance will be reversed back to income. Should we generate pre-tax losses in subsequent periods, a tax benefit will not be recorded and the valuation allowance will be increased.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and market value. We perform a detailed assessment of inventory on a regular basis, which includes, among other factors, a review of projected demand requirements, product pricing, product expiration and product lifecycle. As a result of this assessment, we record provisions for potentially excess, obsolete or impaired goods, when appropriate, in order to reduce the reported amount of inventory to its net realizable value. If actual demand and market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.


22


Warranty Reserve

Our standard warranty agreement is one year from shipment for SmartChip cyclers and dispensers and Apollo systems. We accrue for anticipated warranty costs upon shipment of these products. Our warranty reserve is based on management’s judgment regarding anticipated rates of warranty claims and associated repair costs, and we update our assessment quarterly.

Stock-Based Compensation

We measure the fair value of all stock option and restricted stock awards to employees on the grant date, and record the fair value of these awards, net of estimated forfeitures, as compensation expense over the service period. The fair value of options is estimated using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and of restricted stock is based on our closing share price on the measurement date. Amounts expensed with respect to options were $662,000 and $697,000, net of estimated forfeitures, for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. These sums exclude the compensation expense for restricted stock awards, for which the fair value is based on our closing stock price on the grant date for directors and employees, and on the dates on which performance of services is recognized for consultants.

The weighted average grant date fair value of the options awarded in the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, was estimated to be $2.56 and $9.86, respectively, based on the following assumptions:

 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Risk-free interest rate
1.25% - 1.44%

 
1.43
%
Expected remaining term
3.55 - 4.50 Years

 
4.75 Years

Expected volatility
106.11% - 119.36%

 
93.89
%
Dividend yield
%
 
%

The grant date fair values of options are estimated using the following assumptions:

Risk-Free Interest Rate.  This is the U.S. Treasury rate for the day of the grant having a term equal to the expected term of the option. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase the fair value and the related compensation expense.

Expected Remaining Term.  This is the period of time over which the award is expected to remain outstanding and is based on management’s estimate, taking into consideration the vesting terms, the contractual life, and historical experience. An increase in the expected term will increase the fair value and the related compensation expense.

Expected Volatility.  This is a measure of the amount by which our common stock price has fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate. We apply 50% weighting to our own historic volatility and 50% to the historic volatility of a group of publicly traded companies over the retrospective period corresponding to the expected term of the options on the measurement date. We apply a reduced weighting to our own historic volatility during the period prior to August 27, 2013, when we were highly leveraged. The group of publicly traded companies is selected from the same industry or market index, with extra weighting attached to those companies most similar in terms of business activity, size and financial leverage. An increase in the expected volatility will increase the fair value and the related compensation expense.

Dividend Yield.  We have not made any dividend payments and do not plan to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. An increase in the dividend yield will decrease the fair value and the related compensation expense.

Forfeiture Rate.  This is a measure of the amount of awards that are expected to not vest. An increase in the estimated forfeiture rate will decrease the related compensation expense.

Warrant Derivative Liabilities

Our derivative liabilities arise due to the cash settlement provisions in certain warrants and unit warrants and (until the time of their expiry) the variable number of shares of our common stock that may have been issuable upon the exercise of those warrants with certain anti-dilution protection. We evaluate the liability for those warrants for which no anti-dilution adjustment is projected

23


prior to the expiration date using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and all other derivatives using a Monte Carlo Simulation approach, using critical assumptions provided by management reflecting conditions at the valuation dates.

Our warrant derivatives are revalued at each balance sheet date, and at the time of issuance and settlement, and are estimated using the following assumptions:

Risk-Free Interest Rate.  This is the U.S. Treasury rate for the measurement date having a term equal to the weighted average expected remaining term of the instrument. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Expected Remaining Term.  This is the period of time over which the instrument is expected to remain outstanding and is based on management’s estimate, taking into consideration the remaining contractual life, historical experience and the possibility of liquidation. An increase in the expected remaining term will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Expected Volatility.  This is a measure of the amount by which our common stock price has fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate. We apply 50% weighting to our own historic volatility and 50% to the historic volatility of a group of publicly traded companies over the retrospective period corresponding to the expected remaining term of the instrument on the measurement date. We apply a reduced weighting to our own historic volatility during the period prior to August 27, 2013, when we were highly leveraged. The group of publicly traded companies is selected from the same industry or market index, with extra weighting attached to those companies most similar in terms of business activity, size and financial leverage. An increase in the expected volatility will increase the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Dividend Yield.  We have not made any dividend payments and do not plan to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. An increase in the dividend yield will decrease the fair value and the associated derivative liability.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, result of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to stockholders.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See the “Recent Accounting Pronouncements” in Note 2 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 for information related to the issuance of new accounting standards in the first six months of 2015, none of which had a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

24


Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report, our management performed, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the report we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Based on the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2015, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no material change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2015, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

25


PART II OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

From time to time we may be involved in claims arising in connection with our business. Based on information currently available, we believe that the amount, or range, of reasonably possible losses in connection with any pending actions against us in excess of established reserves, in the aggregate, not to be material to our consolidated financial condition or cash flows. However, losses may be material to our operating results for any particular future period, depending on the level of income for such period.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

You should consider the risks and uncertainties described under Item 1A of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 17, 2015, together with all other information contained or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q when evaluating our business and our prospects. There are no material changes from the risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Item 2.  Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

In connection with his appointment and as an inducement to join the Company, on May 12, 2015, we granted to Dr. Rolland Carlson, our Chief Executive Officer, a nonstatutory option award to purchase 150,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $3.78 per share. This option will vest and become exercisable over a period of three (3) years as follows: one third on the first anniversary of the grant date and the remaining two thirds in eight equal quarterly installments over two years thereafter. Dr. Carlson also received an inducement restricted stock unit award covering 50,000 shares of our common stock. This restricted stock unit vests over a period of three (3) years in three equal installments on May 29 of each of 2016, 2017 and 2018 subject to Dr. Carlson’s continued employment with the Company through each vesting date. These new hire inducement awards were granted pursuant to NASDAQ Listing Rule 5635(c)(4) and Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933. The Company intends to file a registration statement on Form S-8 to register the shares of common stock underlying these awards prior to the time at which they vest.

Item 6.  Exhibits

The exhibits required to be filed as a part of this report are listed in the Exhibit Index.

26


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
WAFERGEN BIO-SYSTEMS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
Dated:
August 7, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:  /s/ MICHAEL P. HENIGHAN
 
 
 
Michael P. Henighan
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
(principal financial officer)
 

27


EXHIBIT INDEX
Exhibit
 
 
No.
 
Description
 
 
 
10.1 †
 
Carlson Employment Agreement, effective as of May 11, 2015, between the Company and Rolland Carlson (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 11, 2015)

 
 
 
10.2 †
 
Amendment to Executive Employment Agreement, effective as of May 11, 2015, between the Company and Ivan Trifunovich (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 11, 2015)

 
 
 
10.3 †
 
Nonstatutory Stock Option issued May 12, 2015, to Rolland Carlson, filed herewith

 
 
 
10.4 †
 
Restricted Stock Unit Award issued May 12, 2015, to Rolland Carlson, filed herewith

 
 
 
31.1
 
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-15(e) Certification of principal executive officer
 
 
 
31.2
 
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-15(e) Certification of principal financial officer
 
 
 
32.1
 
Section 1350 Certification of principal executive officer
 
 
 
32.2
 
Section 1350 Certification of principal financial officer
 
 
 
101 §
 
The following financial information from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2015, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, and (iv) Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
__________

 †
 
 Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
 
 
 
§
 
 
Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the XBRL related information in Exhibit 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, and shall not be deemed part of a registration statement, prospectus or other document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filings.


28