EX-1.1 2 enstar-2022juniornotesxex1.htm EX-1.1 Document
EXHIBIT 1.1
$500,000,000
ENSTAR FINANCE LLC
5.500% Fixed-Rate Reset Junior Subordinated Notes due 2042
fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a junior subordinated basis by
ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED
UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT
Dated: January 12, 2022



$500,000,000
ENSTAR FINANCE LLC
5.500% Fixed-Rate Reset Junior Subordinated Notes due 2042
fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a junior subordinated basis by
ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED
UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT
    January 12, 2022
Barclays Capital Inc.
BMO Capital Markets Corp.
HSBC Securities (USA) Inc.
Wells Fargo Securities, LLC
As Representatives of the several Underwriters

c/o Barclays Capital Inc.
745 Seventh Avenue
New York, New York 10019

c/o BMO Capital Markets Corp.
151 West 42nd Street
New York, New York 10036

c/o HSBC Securities (USA) Inc.
452 Fifth Avenue
New York, New York 10018

c/o Wells Fargo Securities, LLC
550 South Tryon Street, 5th Floor
Charlotte, North Carolina 28202

Ladies and Gentlemen:
Each of Enstar Group Limited, an exempted company formed under the laws of Bermuda (the “Company”), and Enstar Finance LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Issuer”), confirms its agreement with Barclays Capital Inc. (“Barclays”), BMO Capital Markets Corp. (“BMO”), HSBC Securities (USA) Inc. (“HSBC”), Wells Fargo Securities, LLC (“Wells Fargo”) and each of the other Underwriters named in Exhibit A hereto (collectively, the “Underwriters,” which term shall also include any underwriter substituted as hereinafter provided in Section 10 hereof), for whom Barclays, BMO, HSBC and Wells Fargo are acting as representatives (in such capacity, the “Representatives”), with respect to the issue and sale by the Issuer and the purchase by the Underwriters, acting severally and not jointly, of the respective principal amounts set forth in said Exhibit A hereto of $500,000,000 aggregate principal amount of the Issuer’s 5.500% Fixed-Rate Reset Junior Subordinated Notes due 2042 (the “Notes”). The Notes will be fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured and junior subordinated basis (the “Guarantees”) by the Company and will be issued pursuant to the Junior Subordinated Indenture dated as of August 26, 2020 (the “Base Indenture”) among the Issuer, the Company and The Bank of New York Mellon, as trustee (the “Trustee”), as supplemented by the Second Supplemental Indenture to be dated as of the Closing Date (as defined herein) (the “Second Supplemental Indenture” and, together with the Base Indenture, the “Indenture”). The Notes and the related Guarantees are referred to herein collectively as the “Securities.” Certain terms used in this Underwriting Agreement (the “Agreement”) are defined in Section 15 hereof.
The Company and the Issuer understand that the Underwriters propose to make a public offering of the Securities as soon as the Representatives deem advisable after this Agreement has been executed and delivered.
The Company and the Issuer have prepared and previously delivered to you a preliminary prospectus supplement dated January 11, 2022 relating to the Securities and a related prospectus dated August 17, 2020 (the “Base Prospectus”). Such preliminary prospectus supplement and Base


Prospectus, including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S-3 under the 1933 Act, are hereinafter called, collectively, the “Pre-Pricing Prospectus.” Promptly after the execution and delivery of this Agreement, the Company and the Issuer will prepare a prospectus supplement (the “Prospectus Supplement”) and will file no later than January 14, 2022 the Prospectus Supplement and the Base Prospectus with the Commission, all in accordance with the provisions of Rule 430B and Rule 424(b), and the Company and the Issuer have previously advised you of all information (financial and other) that will be set forth therein. The Prospectus Supplement and the Base Prospectus, in the form first furnished to the Underwriters for use in connection with the offering of the Securities (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S-3 under the 1933 Act, are herein called, collectively, the “Prospectus.”
SECTION 1.    Representations and Warranties.
(a)    The Company and the Issuer jointly and severally represent and warrant to each Underwriter as of the date hereof, as of the Applicable Time (as defined below) and as of the Closing Date (as defined below), and agree with each Underwriter, as follows:
(1)    Status as a Well-Known Seasoned Issuer. (A) At the time of filing the Registration Statement with the Commission, (B) at the time of the most recent amendment to the Registration Statement for the purposes of complying with Section 10(a)(3) of the 1933 Act (whether such amendment was by post-effective amendment, incorporated report filed pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the 1934 Act or form of prospectus), (C) at any time the Company, the Issuer or any person acting on behalf of the Company or the Issuer (within the meaning, for this clause only, of Rule 163(c)) made any offer relating to the Securities in reliance on the exemption of Rule 163 and (D) at the date hereof, each of the Company and the Issuer was and is a “well-known seasoned issuer” as defined in Rule 405. The Registration Statement is an “automatic shelf registration statement,” as defined in Rule 405. The Company has not received from the Commission any notice pursuant to Rule 401(g)(2) objecting to the use of the Registration Statement. Any written communication that was an offer relating to the Securities made by the Company, the Issuer or any person acting on behalf of the Company or the Issuer (within the meaning, for this sentence only, of Rule 163(c)) prior to the filing of the Registration Statement has been filed with the Commission in accordance with Rule 163 and otherwise complied with the requirements of Rule 163, including without limitation the legending requirement, to qualify such offer for the exemption from Section 5(c) of the 1933 Act provided by Rule 163.
(2)    Compliance with Registration Requirements. Each of the Company and the Issuer meets the requirements for use of Form S-3 under the 1933 Act and the Securities have been duly registered under the 1933 Act pursuant to the Registration Statement. The Registration Statement and any post-effective amendments thereto have become effective under the 1933 Act and no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement has been issued under the 1933 Act and no proceedings for that purpose have been instituted or are pending or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, are contemplated by the Commission, and any request on the part of the Commission for additional information has been complied with. The Registration Statement was initially filed with the Commission on August 17, 2020.
(3)    Registration Statement, Prospectus and Disclosure at Time of Sale. At the respective times that the Registration Statement and any amendments thereto became effective, at each time subsequent to the filing of the Registration Statement that the Company filed an Annual Report on Form 10-K (or any amendment thereto) with the Commission, at each deemed effective date with respect to the Underwriters pursuant to Rule 430B(f)(2), and at the Closing Date, the Registration Statement and any amendments thereto complied and will comply in all material respects with the requirements of the 1933 Act and the 1933 Act Regulations and did not and will not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading.
As of the respective times filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) and at the Closing Date, neither the Prospectus nor any amendments or supplements thereto included or will include an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or will omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.


As of the Applicable Time and as of the Closing Date, neither (x) the Pricing Term Sheet (as defined in Section 3(m) below), any other Issuer General Use Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, issued at or prior to the Applicable Time and the Pre-Pricing Prospectus as of the Applicable Time, all considered together (collectively, the “General Disclosure Package”), nor (y) any individual Issuer Limited Use Free Writing Prospectus or the Investor Presentation dated January 10, 2022 (the “Investor Presentation”), when considered together with the General Disclosure Package, included or will include an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or will omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.
The Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to either of the foregoing filed as part of the Registration Statement, filed pursuant to Rule 424 under the 1933 Act, or delivered to the Underwriters for use in connection with the offering of the Securities, complied when so filed or when so delivered, as the case may be, in all material respects with the 1933 Act and the 1933 Act Regulations.
The representations and warranties in the preceding paragraphs of this Section 1(a)(3) do not apply to (i) that part of the Registration Statement which shall constitute the Statement of Eligibility and Qualification (Form T-1) under the 1939 Act or (ii) statements in or omissions from the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by any Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use therein, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by the Underwriters as aforesaid consists of the information described as such in Section 6(b) hereof.
At the respective times that the Registration Statement or any amendments thereto were filed, as of the earliest time after the filing of the Registration Statement that the Company, the Issuer or any other offering participant made a bona fide offer of the Securities within the meaning of Rule 164(h)(2), and at the date hereof, neither the Company nor the Issuer was or is an “ineligible issuer” as defined in Rule 405, in each case without taking into account any determination made by the Commission pursuant to paragraph (2) of the definition of such term in Rule 405; and without limitation to the foregoing, each of the Company and the Issuer has at all relevant times met, meets and will at all relevant times meet the requirements of Rule 164 for the use of a free writing prospectus (as defined in Rule 405) in connection with the offering contemplated hereby.
The copies of the Registration Statement and any amendments thereto and the copies of the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is required to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 433 and the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing, that have been or subsequently are delivered to the Underwriters in connection with the offering of the Securities (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise) were and will be identical to the electronically transmitted copies thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR, except to the extent permitted by Regulation S-T of the Commission. For purposes of this Agreement, references to the “delivery” or “furnishing” of any of the foregoing documents to the Underwriters, and any similar terms, include, without limitation, electronic delivery.
Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus and the Investor Presentation, as of its issue date and at all subsequent times through the completion of the public offering and sale of the Securities, did not, does not and will not include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus that has not been superseded or modified.
(4)    Incorporated Documents. The documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the


Prospectus, at the respective times they were or hereafter are filed with the Commission, or as amended prior to the Applicable Time, complied and will comply in all material respects with the requirements of the 1934 Act and the 1934 Act Regulations and did not and will not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading.
(5)    Independent Accountants. The accountants who certified the financial statements and any supporting schedules included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus are independent public accountants as required by the 1933 Act, the 1933 Act Regulations, the 1934 Act, the 1934 Act Regulations and the PCAOB.
(6)    Financial Statements. The financial statements of the Company included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, together with the related schedules (if any) and notes, present fairly in all material respects the financial position of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries at the dates indicated and the results of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries for the periods specified; the financial statements or segment financial information of any other entities or businesses included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus, together with the related schedules (if any) and notes, present fairly in all material respects the financial position of each such entity or business, as the case may be, and its consolidated subsidiaries (if any) at the dates indicated and the results of operations, changes in stockholders’ (or other owners’) equity and cash flows of such entity or business, as the case may be, and its consolidated subsidiaries (if any) for the periods specified; and all such financial statements or segment financial information has been prepared in conformity with GAAP applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods involved and comply in all material respects with all applicable accounting requirements under the 1933 Act and the 1933 Act Regulations, or the 1934 Act and the 1934 Act Regulations, as applicable. The supporting schedules, if any, included in the Registration Statement present fairly in all material respects, in accordance with GAAP, the information required to be stated therein. The information in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus under the caption “Selected Financial Data” presents fairly the information shown therein and has been compiled on a basis consistent with that of the audited financial statements of the Company included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus. The pro forma financial statements (if any) and the related notes thereto included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus present fairly in all material respects the information shown therein, have been prepared in accordance with the Commission’s rules and guidelines with respect to pro forma financial statements and have been properly compiled on the bases described therein, and the assumptions used in the preparation thereof are reasonable and the adjustments used therein are appropriate to give effect to the transactions and circumstances referred to therein. The interactive data in eXtensible Business Reporting Language included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus present fairly in all material respects the required information called for and has been prepared in accordance with the Commission’s rules and guidelines applicable thereto.
(7)    No Material Adverse Change in Business. Since the respective dates as of which information is given in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendments or supplements thereto subsequent to the date of this Agreement), (A) there has been no material adverse change or any development that could reasonably be expected to result in a material adverse change, in the condition (financial or other), results of operations, business, properties or management of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, whether or not arising in the ordinary course of business (in any such case, a “Material Adverse Effect”); (B) except as otherwise disclosed in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendments or supplements thereto subsequent to the date of this Agreement), neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has incurred any liability or obligation or entered into any transaction or agreement that, individually or in the aggregate, is material with respect to the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has sustained any loss or interference with its business or operations from fire, explosion, flood, earthquake or other natural disaster or calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any labor dispute or disturbance or court or governmental action, order or decree which might reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and (C) except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendments or supplements thereto subsequent to


the date of this Agreement), there has been no dividend or distribution of any kind declared, paid or made by the Company on any class of its capital stock.
(8)    Good Standing of the Issuer. The Issuer has been duly organized and is validly existing as a limited liability company under the laws of Delaware and has power and authority to conduct its business as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus and to enter into and perform its obligations under the Transaction Documents; and the Issuer is duly qualified as a foreign entity to transact business and is in good standing in each other jurisdiction in which such qualification is required, whether by reason of the ownership or leasing of property or the conduct of business, except where the failure so to qualify or to be in good standing would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(9)    Good Standing of the Company. The Company has been duly organized and is validly existing as an exempted company in good standing under the laws of Bermuda (in reference to the Company, “good standing” meaning that it has not failed to make any required filing with any Bermuda governmental authority or to pay any Bermuda governmental fee or tax that would make it liable to be struck off the register of companies and thereby cease to exist under the laws of Bermuda) and has power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to conduct its business as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus and to enter into and perform its obligations under the Transaction Documents; and the Company is duly qualified as a foreign entity to transact business and is in good standing in each other jurisdiction in which such qualification is required, whether by reason of the ownership or leasing of property or the conduct of business, except where the failure so to qualify or to be in good standing would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(10)    Good Standing of Subsidiaries. Each Material Subsidiary of the Company has been duly organized and is validly existing as a corporation, limited or general partnership or limited liability company, as the case may be, in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization (in reference to any Material Subsidiary organized under the laws of Bermuda, “good standing” meaning that such Material Subsidiary has not failed to make any required filing with any Bermuda governmental authority or to pay any Bermuda governmental fee or tax that would make it liable to be struck off the register of companies and thereby cease to exist under the laws of Bermuda), has power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to conduct its business as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus and is duly qualified as a foreign corporation, limited or general partnership or limited liability company, as the case may be, to transact business and is in good standing in each jurisdiction in which such qualification is required, whether by reason of the ownership or leasing of property or the conduct of business, except where the failure so to qualify or to be in good standing would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect; except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, (i) all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of each Material Subsidiary that is a corporation and all of the issued and outstanding partnership interests of each Material Subsidiary that is a limited or general partnership have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and (except in the case of general partnership interests) non-assessable and (ii) all of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests, membership interests or other similar interests of each Material Subsidiary that is a limited liability company have been validly issued and holders of such interests will not be obligated personally for debts, obligations or liabilities of such Material Subsidiary solely by reason of being a holder of such interests, and, in the case of (i) and (ii), are owned by the Company, directly or through subsidiaries, free and clear of any Lien; and none of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of any Material Subsidiary that is a corporation, none of the issued and outstanding partnership interests of any Material Subsidiary that is a limited or general partnership, and none of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests, membership interests or other similar interests of any Material Subsidiary that is a limited liability company was issued in violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights of any securityholder of such Material Subsidiary or any other person.
(11)    Capitalization. The shares of issued and outstanding capital stock of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and non-assessable and were issued in compliance with all applicable foreign, state and federal securities and “blue-sky” laws; and none of the outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company was issued in


violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights of any securityholder of the Company or any other person.
(12)    Authorization of Agreement. This Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by each of the Company and the Issuer.
(13)    Due Authorization. Each of the Company and the Issuer has full right, power and authority to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under the Transaction Documents.
(14)    The Indenture. The Base Indenture has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and the Issuer. The Second Supplemental Indenture has been duly authorized by the Company and the Issuer and, when the Second Supplemental Indenture is executed and delivered by the Company and the Issuer and assuming due authorization, execution and delivery of the Base Indenture and the Second Supplemental Indenture by the Trustee, the Indenture will constitute a valid and binding agreement of the Company and the Issuer, enforceable against the Company and the Issuer in accordance with its terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors’ rights generally or by general principles of equity. The Indenture has been duly qualified under the 1939 Act.
(15)    The Notes. The Notes have been duly authorized and, when authenticated and issued in the manner provided for in the Indenture and delivered against payment therefor as provided in this Agreement, will constitute valid and binding obligations of the Issuer, enforceable against the Issuer in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors’ rights generally or by general principles of equity, and will be in the form contemplated by, and entitled to the benefits of, the Indenture.
(16)    The Guarantees. The Guarantees have been duly authorized and, when the Notes have been authenticated and issued in the manner provided for in the Indenture and delivered against payment therefor as provided in this Agreement, will be valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors’ rights generally or by general principles of equity and will be in the form contemplated by, and entitled to the benefits of, the Indenture.
(17)    Description of the Securities and the Indenture. The Securities and the Indenture conform and will conform in all material respects to the respective statements relating thereto contained in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.
(18)    Absence of Defaults and Conflicts. Neither the Company nor any of its Material Subsidiaries is in violation of its Organizational Documents. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is in default in the performance or observance of any obligation, agreement, covenant or condition contained in any Company Agreement, except for such defaults that would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect. The execution, delivery and performance of the Transaction Documents and the consummation of the transactions contemplated therein and in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (including the issuance and sale of the Securities and the use of the proceeds from the sale of the Securities as described in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus under the caption “Use of Proceeds”) and compliance by the Company and the Issuer with their respective obligations under the Transaction Documents do not and will not, whether with or without the giving of notice or passage of time or both, conflict with or constitute a breach of, or default, Termination Event or Repayment Event under, or result in the creation or imposition of any Lien upon any property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries pursuant to, any Company Agreements, and will not result in any violation of any applicable law, statute, rule, regulation, judgment, order, writ or decree of any government, government instrumentality or court, including any insurance regulatory agency or body, domestic or foreign, having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their respective assets, properties or operations, except for such conflicts, breaches, defaults, Termination Events, Repayment Events, Liens or violations that would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, nor will such action result in any violation of the provisions of the Organizational Documents of the Company or any of its Material Subsidiaries.


(19)    Absence of Labor Dispute. No labor dispute with the employees of the Company or any subsidiary of the Company exists or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, is imminent, which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(20)    Absence of Proceedings. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or brought by any court or governmental agency or body, domestic or foreign, now pending, or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, threatened, against or affecting the Company or any of its subsidiaries which is required to be disclosed in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (other than as disclosed therein) or which might reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to result in a Material Adverse Effect or to materially and adversely affect the consummation of the transactions contemplated in the Transaction Documents or the performance by the Company or the Issuer of their respective obligations under the Transaction Documents.
(21)    Absence of Further Requirements. No filing with, or authorization, approval, consent, or similar authorization of, any court or governmental authority or agency, domestic or foreign, is required for the execution, delivery or performance by the Company and the Issuer of their respective obligations under the Transaction Documents, for the offering, issuance, sale or delivery of the Securities hereunder, or for the consummation of any of the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, in each case on the terms contemplated by the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, except such as have been obtained or will be on or prior to the Closing Date obtained, and except that no representation is made as to any such authorization, approval, consent or similar authorization that may be required under state or foreign securities laws.
(22)    Possession of Licenses and Permits. Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) the Company and its subsidiaries possess such permits, licenses, approvals, consents and other authorizations (collectively, “Governmental Licenses”) issued by the appropriate federal, state, local or foreign regulatory agencies or bodies, including insurance regulatory agencies and bodies, necessary to conduct the business now operated by them, (b) the Company and its subsidiaries are in compliance with the terms and conditions of all such Governmental Licenses, (c) all of the Governmental Licenses are valid and in full force and effect and (d) neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such Governmental Licenses.
(23)    Investment Company Act. Neither the Company nor the Issuer is, and upon the issuance and sale of the Securities as herein contemplated and the receipt and application of the net proceeds therefrom as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus under the caption “Use of Proceeds,” neither will be, an “investment company” or an entity “controlled” by an “investment company” as such terms are defined in the 1940 Act.
(24)    Absence of Registration Rights. There are no persons with registration rights or other similar rights to have any securities (debt or equity) included in the offering contemplated by this Agreement.
(25)    Tax Returns. The Company and its subsidiaries have filed all foreign, federal, state and local tax returns that are required to be filed or have obtained extensions of the filing dates thereof, except where the failure so to file would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, and have paid all taxes (including, without limitation, any estimated taxes) required to be paid and any other assessment, fine or penalty, to the extent that any of the foregoing is due and payable, except for any such tax, assessment, fine or penalty that is currently being contested in good faith by appropriate actions and except for such taxes, assessments, fines or penalties the nonpayment of which would not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(26)    Insurance. Except as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, all retrocessional and reinsurance treaties, contracts and arrangements to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries are a party as the reinsured or insured are in full force and effect except where the failure to be in full force and effect would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. None of the Company or any of its subsidiaries has received any notice that any of the other parties to such retrocessional and reinsurance treaties, contracts, agreements or arrangements intends not to perform, or will be


unable to perform, in any material respect such retrocessional or reinsurance treaty, contract, agreement or arrangement, except where any such nonperformance would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.
(27)    Accounting and Disclosure Controls. The Company maintains a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (A) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations; (B) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain asset accountability; (C) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (D) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. Except as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there (1) are no material weaknesses (as defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X of the Commission) in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (whether or not remediated), and (2) is no fraud, whether or not material, involving management or other employees who have a role in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and, since the end of the Company’s latest fiscal year for which audited financial statements are included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially and adversely affected, or is reasonably likely to materially and adversely affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. The Company has established, maintained and periodically evaluates the effectiveness of “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the 1934 Act); such disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it will be required to file or submit under the 1934 Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer or officers and principal financial officer or officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.
(28)    Compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Company and its directors and officers, in their capacities as such, are in compliance with any provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act with which any of them are required to comply.
(29)    Absence of Manipulation. Neither the Company nor the Issuer has taken and neither will take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that would constitute or that might reasonably be expected to cause or result in the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security to facilitate the sale or resale of the Securities.
(30)    Statistical and Market-Related Data. Any statistical, demographic, market-related and similar data included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus are based on or derived from sources that the Company and the Issuer believe to be reliable and accurate in all material respects.
(31)    Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries, directors, officers, or employees, nor, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, any agent, affiliate or other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is aware of or has taken any action, directly or indirectly, that has resulted or would result in a violation by any such person of the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act 2010 or any other similar law of any other relevant jurisdiction, including, without limitation, any offer, payment, promise to pay or authorization of the payment of any money or other property, gift, promise to give or authorization of the giving of anything of value to any “foreign official” (as such term is defined in the FCPA) or any foreign political party or official thereof or any candidate for foreign political office, in contravention of the FCPA and the Company and its subsidiaries, and, to the knowledge of the Company and the Issuer, its other affiliates have conducted their businesses in compliance with the FCPA and have instituted and maintain policies and procedures designed to ensure, and which are reasonably expected to ensure, continued compliance therewith.
(32)    Money Laundering Laws. The operations of the Company and its subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance in all material respects with applicable financial recordkeeping and reporting requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the money laundering statutes of all applicable jurisdictions, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or


guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any governmental agency (collectively, “Money Laundering Laws”) and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any of its subsidiaries with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, threatened.
(33)    Sanctions. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries, directors, or officers, nor, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, any employee, agent, affiliate or other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is currently the subject or the target of any sanctions administered or enforced by the U.S. government, (including, without limitation, OFAC or the U.S. Department of State and including, without limitation, the designation as a “specially designated national” or “blocked person”), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or other relevant sanctions authority (collectively, “Sanctions”), nor is the Company owned or controlled by an individual or entity that is currently subject to Sanctions. None of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the subject or target of Sanctions, including, without limitation, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria and Crimea (each, a “Sanctioned Country”); and the Company and the Issuer will not directly or indirectly use any of the proceeds from the sale of the Securities, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any subsidiary, joint venture partner or other person or entity (i) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business with any person that, at the time of such funding or facilitation, is the subject or target of Sanctions, (ii) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business in any Sanctioned Country or (iii) in any other manner that will result in a violation by any person (including any person participating in the transaction, whether as underwriter, advisor, investor or otherwise) of Sanctions.
(34)    ERISA Compliance. The Company and each entity required to be treated as a “single employer” with the Company under Section 414 of the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) (each, an “ERISA Affiliate”), has fulfilled its obligations, if any, under the minimum funding standards of Section 302 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and the regulations and published interpretations thereunder (“ERISA”) with respect to each “employee pension benefit plan” (as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA) in which employees of the Company and its ERISA Affiliates are eligible to participate (each, a “Plan”). Each Plan is in compliance in all material respects with the presently applicable provisions of ERISA and the regulations issued thereunder. The Company and its ERISA Affiliates have not incurred any unpaid liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (other than for the payment of premiums in the ordinary course) or to any Plan under Title IV of ERISA. To the knowledge of the Company, no prohibited transaction (within the meaning of Section 4975 of the Code or Section 406 of ERISA) has occurred with respect to any Plan. Neither the Company nor any ERISA Affiliate has ever had any obligation to contribute to, or has any outstanding withdrawal liability under, any multiemployer plan (as defined in Section 3(37) of ERISA).
(35)    Offering Materials. Without limitation to the provisions of Section 16 hereof, the Company and the Issuer have not distributed and will not distribute, directly or indirectly (other than through the Underwriters), any “written communication” (as defined Rule 405 under the 1933 Act) or other offering materials in connection with the offering or sale of the Securities, other than the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus, any amendment or supplements to any of the foregoing that are filed with the SEC and any Permitted Free Writing Prospectuses (as defined in Section 16).
(36)    No Restrictions on Dividends. Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to materially impair the ability of the Issuer, or the Company pursuant to the Guarantees, to service payments of principal or interest when due on the Securities, no subsidiary of the Company is a party to or otherwise subject to or bound by any instrument or agreement, including any order or decree from any insurance regulatory agency or body, that limits or prohibits or could limit or prohibit, directly or indirectly, any subsidiary of the Company from paying any dividends or making any other distributions on its capital stock, limited or general partnership interests, limited liability company interests, or other equity interests, as the case may be, or from repaying any loans or advances from, or (except for instruments or agreements that by their express terms prohibit the transfer or assignment thereof or of any rights thereunder) transferring any of its properties or assets to, the Company or any other subsidiary, in each case except as described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.


(37)    Brokers. There is not a broker, finder or other party that is entitled to receive from the Company or the Issuer any brokerage or finder’s fee or other fee or commission as a result of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, except for underwriting discounts and commissions payable to the Underwriters in connection with the sale of the Securities pursuant to this Agreement.
(38)    PFIC Status. The Company was not a “passive foreign investment company” (“PFIC”), as defined in Section 1297 of the Code, for its most recently completed taxable year and, based on the Company’s current projected income, assets and activities, the Company does not expect to be classified as a PFIC for any subsequent taxable year.
(39)    Stamp Taxes. There are no stamp or other issuance or transfer taxes or duties or other similar fees or charges required to be paid by or on behalf of the Underwriters in any Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction (as defined below) in connection with the execution and delivery of the Transaction Documents or the offer or sale of the Securities. As used herein, “Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction” means each of Bermuda and the United States, and any political subdivision thereof, and any other jurisdiction in which the Company is organized or otherwise resident in for tax purposes.
(40)    No Withholding Tax. All payments to be made by the Issuer or the Company on or by virtue of the execution, delivery, performance or enforcement of the Transaction Documents and all interest, principal, premium, if any, additional amounts, if any, and other payments under the Transaction Documents, under the current laws and regulations of Bermuda, will not be subject to withholding, duties, levies, deductions, charges or other taxes under the current laws and regulations of Bermuda and are otherwise payable free and clear of any other withholding, duty, levy, deduction, charge or other tax in Bermuda and without the necessity of obtaining any governmental authorization in Bermuda.
(41)    Immunity from Jurisdiction. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries nor any of its or their properties or assets has any immunity from the jurisdiction of any court or from any legal process (whether through service or notice, attachment prior to judgment, attachment in aid of execution or otherwise) under the laws of Bermuda.
(42)    Cybersecurity. (i)(x) There has been no security breach or other compromise of or relating to any of the Company’s or its subsidiaries’ information technology and computer systems, networks, hardware, software, data (including the data of their respective customers, employees, suppliers, vendors and any third party data maintained by or on behalf of the Company or its subsidiaries), equipment or technology (collectively, “IT Systems and Data”) and (y) the Company and its subsidiaries have not been notified of, and have no knowledge of any event or condition that would reasonably be expected to result in, any security breach or other compromise to their IT Systems and Data; (ii) the Company and its subsidiaries are presently in compliance with all applicable laws or statutes and all judgments, orders, rules and regulations of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, internal policies and contractual obligations relating to the privacy and security of IT Systems and Data and to the protection of such IT Systems and Data from unauthorized use, access, misappropriation or modification, except as would not, in the case of clauses (i) and (ii), individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect; and (iii) the Company and its subsidiaries have implemented backup and disaster recovery technology reasonably consistent with industry standards and practices.
(b)    Certificates. Any certificate signed by any officer of the Company or any of its subsidiaries (including the Issuer) (whether signed on behalf of such officer, the Company or such subsidiary) and delivered to the Representatives or to counsel for the Underwriters shall be deemed a representation and warranty by the Company and the Issuer to each Underwriter as to the matters covered thereby.
SECTION 2.    Sale and Delivery to Underwriters; Closing.
(a)    The Securities. On the basis of the representations and warranties herein contained and subject to the terms and conditions herein set forth, the Issuer agrees to sell to each Underwriter, severally and not jointly, and each Underwriter, severally and not jointly, agrees to purchase from the Issuer, the aggregate principal amount of Securities set forth opposite such Underwriter’s name in Exhibit A hereto plus any additional principal amount of Securities which such Underwriter may become obligated to purchase pursuant to the provisions of Section 10 hereof, in each case at a price equal to


98.875% of the principal amount thereof plus accrued interest, if any, from January 14, 2022 to the Closing Date.
(b)    Payment. Payment of the purchase price for, and delivery of, the Securities shall be made at the offices of Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP, 825 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York, or at such other place as shall be agreed upon by the Representatives and the Company, at 10:00 A.M. (New York City time) on January 14, 2022 (unless postponed in accordance with the provisions of Section 10), or such other time not later than five business days after such date as shall be agreed upon by the Representatives and the Company (such time and date of payment and delivery being herein called the “Closing Date”).
Payment shall be made to the Issuer by wire transfer of immediately available funds to a single bank account designated by the Issuer against delivery to the Representatives for the respective accounts of the Underwriters of the Securities to be purchased by them. It is understood that each Underwriter has authorized the Representatives, for its account, to accept delivery of, receipt for, and make payment of the purchase price for, the Securities which it has agreed to purchase. Barclays, individually and not as representative of the Underwriters, may (but shall not be obligated to) make payment of the purchase price for the Securities to be purchased by any Underwriter whose funds have not been received by the Closing Date, but such payment shall not relieve such Underwriter from its obligations hereunder.
(c)    Delivery of Securities. The Issuer shall make one or more global certificates (collectively, the “Global Securities”) representing the Securities available for inspection by the Representatives not later than 1:00 p.m., New York City time, on the business day prior to the Closing Date and, on or prior to the Closing Date, the Issuer shall deliver the Global Securities to DTC or to the Trustee, acting as custodian for DTC, as applicable. Delivery of the Securities to the Underwriters on the Closing Date shall be made through the facilities of DTC unless the Representatives shall otherwise instruct.
(d)    Each Underwriter, severally and not jointly, represents, warrants and agrees that it has not offered, sold or otherwise made available and will not offer, sell or otherwise make available any Securities to any retail investor in the European Economic Area (“EEA”) or the United Kingdom (“UK”). For the purposes of this paragraph (e):
(1)    the expression “retail investor” means a person who is one (or more) of the following:
(i)    a retail client as defined in point (11) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU (as amended, “MiFID II”); or
(ii)    a customer within the meaning of Directive 2016/97/EC, where that customer would not qualify as a professional client as defined in point (10) of Article 4(1) of MiFID II; or
(iii)    not a qualified investor as defined in the Prospectus Regulation; and
(2)    the expression “offer” includes the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the terms of the offering of the Securities to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase or subscribe for the Securities. The expression “Prospectus Regulation” means Regulation (EU) 2017/1129, and includes any relevant implementing measure in each member state.
(e)    Each Underwriter acknowledges that no key information document required by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 (as amended, the “PRIIPs Regulation”) for offering or selling the Securities or otherwise making them available to retail investors in the EEA or the UK has been prepared and therefore offering or selling the Securities or otherwise making them available to any retail investor in the EEA or in the UK may be unlawful under the PRIIPs Regulation.
(f)    Each Underwriter represents and agrees the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus have been distributed only to, and have been directed only at, and any offer of the Securities subsequently made will only be directed at persons who are “qualified investors” (as defined in the Prospectus Regulation) (i) who have professional experience in matters relating to investments falling within Article 19 (5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as


amended (the “Order”) and/or (ii) who are high net worth companies (or persons to whom it may otherwise be lawfully communicated) falling within Article 49(2)(a) to (d) of the Order.
(g)    References in this Section 2 to Regulations or Directives include, in relation to the UK, those Regulations or Directives as they form part of UK domestic law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 or have been implemented in UK domestic law, as appropriate.

SECTION 3.    Covenants of the Company and the Issuer. Each of the Company and the Issuer covenants with each Underwriter as follows:
(a)    Compliance with Securities Regulations and Commission Requests. During the period when the Prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) to be delivered by applicable law (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), the Issuer and the Company, subject to Section 3(b), will comply with the requirements of Rule 430B and Rule 433 and will notify the Representatives promptly, and confirm the notice in writing, (i) when any post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement shall become effective, or when the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing shall have been filed, (ii) of the receipt of any comment letters from the Commission (and shall promptly furnish the Representatives with a copy of any such comment letters), (iii) of any request by the Commission for any amendment to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplement to the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or for additional information, (iv) of the issuance by the Commission of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or of any order preventing or suspending the use of the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing or any notice from the Commission objecting to the use of the form of the Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto, or of the suspension of the qualification of the Securities for offering or sale in any jurisdiction or of the loss or suspension of any exemption from any such qualification, or of the initiation or threatening of any proceedings for any of such purposes, or of any examination pursuant to Section 8(e) of the 1933 Act concerning the Registration Statement and (v) if the Company becomes the subject of a proceeding under Section 8A of the 1933 Act in connection with the offering of the Securities. The Issuer and the Company will make every reasonable effort to prevent the issuance of any stop order and the suspension or loss of any qualification of the Securities for offering or sale and any loss or suspension of any exemption from any such qualification, and if any such stop order is issued, or any such suspension or loss occurs, to use its reasonable best efforts to obtain the lifting thereof as promptly as practicable. The Company shall pay the required Commission filing fees relating to the Securities within the time required by Rule 456(b)(1)(i) of the 1933 Act Regulations without regard to the proviso therein and otherwise in accordance with Rules 456(b) and 457(r) of the 1933 Act Regulations, except to the extent such filing fees have been paid prior to the date hereof.
(b)    Filing of Amendments. During the period when the Prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) to be delivered by applicable law (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), each of the Company and the Issuer will give the Representatives notice of its intention to (i) file or prepare any amendment to the Registration Statement, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment, supplement or revision to the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, whether pursuant to the 1933 Act or otherwise, or (ii) make any filing pursuant to the 1934 Act or the 1934 Act Regulations, and in each case the Company or the Issuer, as applicable, will furnish the Representatives with copies of any such documents within a reasonable amount of time prior to such proposed filing or use, as the case may be, and will not file or use any such document, except as determined by counsel for the Company and the Issuer is necessary to maintain compliance with the 1933 Act, 1933 Act Regulations, 1934 Act and 1934 Act Regulations, to which the Representatives or counsel for the Underwriters shall object. Each of the Company and the Issuer has given the Representatives notice of any filings made pursuant to the 1934 Act or the 1934 Act Regulations within 48 hours prior to the Applicable Time.
(c)    Delivery of Registration Statement. The Company or the Issuer will deliver to the Representatives and counsel for the Underwriters, without charge, copies of the Registration Statement and of each amendment thereto (including exhibits filed therewith or incorporated by reference therein and documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein or otherwise deemed to be a part thereof) and copies of all consents and certificates of experts. The copies of the Registration Statement and each amendment thereto furnished to the Underwriters will be identical to the


electronically transmitted copies thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR, except to the extent permitted by Regulation S-T.
(d)    Delivery of Prospectuses. Each of the Company and the Issuer hereby consents to the use of the Pre-Pricing Prospectus for purposes permitted by the 1933 Act. The Company or the Issuer will furnish to each Underwriter, without charge, during the period when the Prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) to be delivered by applicable law (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), such number of copies of the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus and any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing as such Underwriter may reasonably request. The Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing furnished to the Underwriters were and will be identical to the electronically transmitted copies thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR, except to the extent permitted by Regulation S-T.
(e)    Continued Compliance with Securities Laws. The Company and the Issuer will comply with the 1933 Act, the 1933 Act Regulations, the 1934 Act and the 1934 Act Regulations so as to permit the completion of the distribution of the Securities as contemplated by this Agreement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus. If at any time when a prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) by the applicable law to be delivered in connection with sales of the Securities (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), any event shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which it is necessary to amend the Registration Statement or amend or supplement the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (or, in each case, any documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein) so that the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus, as the case may be, will not include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made or then prevailing, not misleading or if it is necessary to amend the Registration Statement or amend or supplement the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (or, in each case, any documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein) in order to comply with the requirements of the 1933 Act, the 1933 Act Regulations, the 1934 Act or the 1934 Act Regulations, the Company or the Issuer will promptly notify the Representatives of such event or condition and of its intention to file such amendment or supplement and will promptly prepare and file with the Commission, subject to Section 3(b) hereof, such amendment or supplement as may be necessary to correct such untrue statement or omission or to comply with such requirements, and the Company or the Issuer will furnish to the Underwriters such number of copies of such amendment or supplement as the Underwriters may reasonably request. If at any time when a prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) by the applicable law to be delivered in connection with sales of the Securities (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus conflicts with the information contained in the Registration Statement or if an event shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which it is necessary to amend or supplement such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus so that it will not include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made or then prevailing, not misleading, or if it is necessary to amend or supplement such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus in order to comply with the requirements of the 1933 Act or the 1933 Act Regulations, the Company or the Issuer will promptly notify the Representatives of such event or condition and of its intention to file such amendment or supplement and will promptly prepare and, if required by the 1933 Act or the 1933 Act Regulations, file with the Commission, subject to Section 3(b) hereof, such amendment or supplement as may be necessary to eliminate or correct such conflict, untrue statement or omission or to comply with such requirements, and the Company or the Issuer will furnish to the Underwriters such number of copies of such amendment or supplement as the Underwriters may reasonably request.
(f)    Blue Sky and Other Qualifications. The Company and the Issuer will use their best efforts, if necessary, in cooperation with the Underwriters, to qualify the Securities for offering and sale, or to obtain an exemption for the Securities to be offered and sold, under the applicable securities laws of such states and other jurisdictions (domestic or foreign) as the Representatives may designate and to maintain such qualifications and exemptions in effect for so long as required for the distribution of the Securities; provided, however, that neither the Company nor the Issuer shall be obligated to file any general consent to service of process or to qualify as a foreign entity or as a dealer in securities in any jurisdiction in which it is not so qualified or to subject itself to taxation in respect of doing business in any jurisdiction in which it is not otherwise so subject.
(g)    Rule 158. The Company will make generally available to its securityholders as soon as practicable an earnings statement which will satisfy the last paragraph of Section 11(a) of the 1933 Act.


(h)    Use of Proceeds. The Company and the Issuer will use the net proceeds received by them from the sale of the Securities in the manner specified in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus under “Use of Proceeds.”
(i)    Restriction on Sale of Securities. From and including the date of this Agreement through and including the Closing Date, the Company and the Issuer will not, without the prior written consent of Barclays, BMO, HSBC and Wells Fargo, directly or indirectly issue, offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option or right to sell or otherwise transfer or dispose of any debt securities of or guaranteed by the Company or the Issuer (other than the Securities) or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for any debt securities of or guaranteed by the Company or the Issuer.
(j)    Reporting Requirements. The Company, during the period when the Prospectus is required (or, but for the provisions of Rule 172, would be required) by applicable law to be delivered (whether to meet the request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173(d) or otherwise), will file all documents required to be filed with the Commission pursuant to the 1934 Act and the 1934 Act Regulations within the time periods required by the 1934 Act and the 1934 Act Regulations.
(k)    Preparation of Prospectus. Within the time period required by Rule 424(b) (without reliance on Rule 424(b)(8)), the Company and the Issuer will, subject to Section 3(b) hereof, prepare and file the Prospectus, which shall contain the public offering price and terms of the Securities, the plan of distribution thereof and such other information as may be required by the 1933 Act or the 1933 Act Regulations or as the Representatives, the Company and the Issuer may deem appropriate, in accordance with the provisions of Rule 430B.
(l)    DTC. The Company and the Issuer will use commercially reasonable efforts to permit the Securities to be eligible for clearance and settlement through DTC.
(m)    Pricing Term Sheet. The Company and the Issuer will prepare a pricing term sheet (the “Pricing Term Sheet”) reflecting the final terms of the Securities, in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit C and otherwise in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Representatives, the Company and the Issuer, and shall file such Pricing Term Sheet as an “issuer free writing prospectus” pursuant to Rule 433 within the time period required by Rule 433.
SECTION 4.    Payment of Expenses.
(a)    Expenses. The Company and the Issuer, jointly and severally, agree to pay all expenses incident to the performance of their obligations under this Agreement, including (i) the preparation, printing and filing of the Registration Statement and each amendment thereto (in each case including exhibits) and any costs associated with electronic delivery of any of the foregoing, (ii) the word processing and delivery to the Underwriters of this Agreement, the Indenture and such other documents as may be required in connection with the offering, purchase, sale, issuance or delivery of the Securities, (iii) the preparation, issuance and delivery of the certificates for the Securities and the issuance and delivery of the Securities to the Underwriters, including any issue or other transfer taxes and any stamp or other taxes or duties payable in connection with the sale, issuance or delivery of the Securities to the Underwriters, (iv) the fees and disbursements of the counsel, accountants and other advisors to the Company and the Issuer, (v) the qualification or exemption of the Securities under securities laws in accordance with the provisions of Section 3(f) hereof, including filing fees and the reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel for the Underwriters in connection therewith and in connection with the preparation of the Blue Sky Survey and any supplements thereto (in an amount not to exceed $5,000), (vi) the preparation, printing and delivery to the Underwriters of copies of the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus (as defined in Section 16) and the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing and any costs associated with electronic delivery of any of the foregoing, (vii) the preparation, printing and delivery to the Underwriters of copies of the Blue Sky Survey and any Canadian “wrapper” and any supplements thereto and any costs associated with electronic delivery of any of the foregoing, (viii) the fees and expenses of the Trustee, including the fees and disbursements of counsel for the Trustee in connection with the Indenture and the Securities, (ix) the filing fees incident to, and the reasonable fees and disbursements of counsel to the Underwriters in connection with, the review, if any, by FINRA of the terms of the sale of the Securities, (x) all fees charged by any rating agencies for rating the Securities and all expenses and application fees incurred in connection with the approval of the Securities for clearance, settlement and book-entry transfer through DTC and (xi) the costs and expenses of the Company and the Issuer and any of their respective officers, directors, counsel or other representatives in connection with presentations or meetings undertaken in connection with the


offering of the Securities, including, without limitation, expenses associated with the production of road show slides and graphics (including the Investor Presentation) and the production and hosting of any electronic road shows, fees and expenses of any consultants engaged in connection with road show presentations, and travel, lodging, transportation, and other expenses of the officers, directors, counsel and other representatives of the Company and the Issuer incurred in connection with any such presentations or meetings.
(b)    Termination of Agreement. If this Agreement is terminated by the Representatives in accordance with the provisions of Section 5 or Section 9(a)(i), 9(a)(iii)(A) or 9(a)(v) hereof, the Company and the Issuer shall reimburse the Underwriters for all of their reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, including the reasonable fees and disbursements of one counsel (in addition to the reasonable fees and disbursements of any local counsel (not to exceed one local counsel per relevant jurisdiction)) for the Underwriters.
SECTION 5.    Conditions of Underwriters’ Obligations. The obligations of the several Underwriters hereunder are subject to the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Company and the Issuer contained in this Agreement, or in certificates signed by any officer of the Company, any subsidiary of the Company or the Issuer (whether signed on behalf of such officer, the Company, such subsidiary of the Company or the Issuer) delivered to the Representatives or counsel for the Underwriters, to the performance by the Company and the Issuer of their covenants and other obligations hereunder, and to the following further conditions:
(a)    Effectiveness of Registration Statement. The Registration Statement shall be effective, and no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement shall have been issued under the 1933 Act or proceedings therefor initiated or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, threatened by the Commission, and any request on the part of the Commission for additional information shall have been complied with to the reasonable satisfaction of the Representatives and the Commission shall not have notified the Company or the Issuer of any objection to the use of the form of the Registration Statement. The Prospectus shall have been filed with the Commission in the manner and within the time period required by Rule 424(b) (without reliance upon Rule 424(b)(8)) and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus required to be filed with the Commission shall have been filed in the manner and within the time period required by Rule 433, and, prior to the Closing Date, the Company shall have provided evidence satisfactory to the Representatives of such timely filings.
(b)    Opinion of Counsel for Company. At the Closing Date, the Representatives shall have received the favorable opinion, dated as of the Closing Date, of Hogan Lovells US LLP, counsel for the Company and the Issuer (“Company Counsel”) and a favorable negative assurance letter from Hogan Lovells US LLP, dated as of the Closing Date, each (i) in form and substance satisfactory to the Representatives, (ii) to the effect set forth in Exhibit E hereto and (iii) to such further effect as the Representatives may reasonably request; and the favorable opinion, dated as of the Closing Date, of Conyers Dill & Pearman, special Bermuda counsel to the Company, in form and substance satisfactory to the Representatives, to the effect set forth in Exhibit F hereto and to such further effect as the Representatives may reasonably request.
(c)    Opinion of Counsel for Underwriters. At the Closing Date, the Representatives shall have received the favorable opinion, dated as of the Closing Date, of Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP, counsel for the Underwriters, with respect to the Securities to be sold by the Issuer and the Company pursuant to this Agreement, the Indenture, the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Packages and the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements thereto and such other matters as the Representatives may reasonably request, and a favorable negative assurance letter from Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP, dated as of the Closing Date.
(d)    Officers’ Certificate. At the Closing Date, there shall not have been, since the date hereof or since the respective dates as of which information is given in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendments or supplements thereto subsequent to the date of this Agreement), any Material Adverse Effect or any development that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, and, at the Closing Date, the Representatives shall have received a certificate, signed on behalf of the Company by the Chief Executive Officer or the Chief Operating Officer or the President of the Company and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company, dated as of the Closing Date, (i) to the effect that (A) there has been no Material Adverse Effect or development that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (B) the representations and warranties of the Company and the Issuer in this Agreement are true and correct at and as of the Closing Date with the same force and effect as though expressly made at and as


of the Closing Date, (C) the Company and the Issuer have complied with all agreements and satisfied all conditions on their part to be performed or satisfied at or prior to the Closing Date under or pursuant to this Agreement, and (D) no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement has been issued and no proceedings for that purpose have been instituted or are pending or, to the knowledge of the Company or the Issuer, are contemplated by the Commission and the Commission has not notified the Company or the Issuer of any objection to the use of the form of the Registration Statement, and (ii) to the effect set forth in Section 5(g) below.
(e)    Accountant’s Comfort Letter. At the time of the execution of this Agreement, the Representatives shall have received from KPMG Audit Limited a letter, dated the date of this Agreement and in form and substance satisfactory to the Representatives, together with signed or reproduced copies of such letter for each of the other Underwriters, containing statements and information of the type ordinarily included in accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriters with respect to the financial statements and certain financial information of the Company contained in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses (other than any electronic road show) and the Prospectus and any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing.
(f)    Bring-down Comfort Letter. At the Closing Date, the Representatives shall have received from KPMG Audit Limited a letter, dated as of the Closing Date and in form and substance satisfactory to the Representatives, to the effect that they reaffirm the statements made in the letter furnished pursuant to subsection (e) of this Section 5, except that the specified date referred to shall be a date not more than three business days prior to the Closing Date.
(g)    No Downgrade. There shall not have occurred, on or after the date of this Agreement, any downgrading in the financial strength or claims-paying ability rating of the Company, the Issuer or any of the Company’s Material Subsidiaries or in the rating of any securities of the Company by any “nationally recognized statistical rating organization” (as defined by the Commission in Section 3(a)(62) of the 1934 Act) or any public announcement that any such organization has placed any such rating under surveillance or review or on a so-called “watch list” (other than an announcement with positive implications of a possible upgrading, and no implication of a possible downgrading, of such rating) or any announcement by any such organization that the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any securities of the Company has been placed on negative outlook.
(h)    Additional Documents. At the Closing Date, counsel for the Underwriters shall have been furnished with such documents and opinions as they may reasonably require for the purpose of enabling them to pass upon the issuance and sale of the Securities as herein contemplated, or in order to evidence the accuracy of any of the representations or warranties, or the fulfillment of any of the conditions, contained in this Agreement, or as the Representatives or counsel for the Underwriters may otherwise reasonably request; and all proceedings taken by the Company and the Issuer in connection with the issuance and sale of the Securities as herein contemplated and in connection with the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall be satisfactory in form and substance to the Representatives.
(i)    Termination of Agreement. If any condition specified in this Section 5 shall not have been fulfilled when and as required to be fulfilled, this Agreement may be terminated by the Representatives by notice to the Company and the Issuer at any time on or prior to the Closing Date and such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except as provided in Section 4 hereof and except that Sections 1, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 hereof shall survive any such termination of this Agreement and remain in full force and effect.
SECTION 6.    Indemnification.
(a)    Indemnification by the Company and the Issuer. The Company and the Issuer, jointly and severally, agree to indemnify and hold harmless each Underwriter and the affiliates, officers, directors, employees and agents of each Underwriter and each person, if any, who controls any Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act or Section 20 of the 1934 Act as follows:
(i)    against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense whatsoever, as incurred, arising out of any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or arising out of any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact in any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing), or in any “road show” (as


defined in Rule 433) that does not constitute an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the Investor Presentation), or the omission or alleged omission therefrom of a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading;
(ii)    against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense whatsoever, as incurred, to the extent of the aggregate amount paid in settlement of any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or of any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue statement or omission, or any such alleged untrue statement or omission; provided that (subject to Section 6(d) below) any such settlement is effected with the written consent of the Company; and
(iii)    against any and all expense whatsoever, as incurred (including the fees and disbursements of counsel), reasonably incurred in investigating, preparing or defending against any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue statement or omission, or any such alleged untrue statement or omission, to the extent that any such expense is not paid under (i) or (ii) above;
provided, however, that this indemnity agreement shall not apply to any loss, liability, claim, damage or expense to the extent arising out of any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by any Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (or in any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing), it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by the Underwriters as aforesaid consists of the information described as such in Section 6(b) hereof.
(b)    Indemnification by the Underwriters. Each Underwriter agrees, severally and not jointly, to indemnify and hold harmless the Company, the Issuer, the directors of the Company and the Issuer, each officer of the Company and the Issuer who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company or the Issuer within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act or Section 20 of the 1934 Act against any and all loss, liability, claim, damage and expense described in the indemnity contained in subsection (a) of this Section 6, as incurred, but only with respect to untrue statements or omissions, or alleged untrue statements or omissions, made in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing), in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company or the Issuer by such Underwriter directly or through the Representatives or counsel for the Underwriters expressly for use therein. The Company and the Issuer hereby acknowledge and agree that the information furnished to the Company by the Underwriters directly or through the Representatives or counsel for the Underwriters expressly for use in the Registration Statement (or any amendment thereto), or in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing), consists exclusively of the following information appearing under the caption “Underwriting” in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus and the Prospectus: (i) the information regarding the concession and reallowance appearing under the caption “Underwriting—Commissions and Discounts” and (ii) the information regarding market making, stabilization, syndicate covering transactions and penalty bids appearing under the caption “Underwriting—Short Positions” (but only insofar as such information concerns the Underwriters).
(c)    Actions Against Parties; Notification. Each indemnified party shall give notice as promptly as reasonably practicable to each indemnifying party of any action commenced against it in respect of which indemnity may be sought hereunder, but failure to so notify an indemnifying party shall not relieve such indemnifying party from any liability hereunder except to the extent that it has been materially prejudiced through the forfeiture of substantive rights or defenses by such failure. Counsel to the indemnified parties shall be selected as follows: counsel to the Underwriters and the other indemnified parties referred to in Section 6(a) above shall be selected by the Representatives with the prior consent of the Company (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld); and counsel to the Company and the Issuer, the directors of the Company and the Issuer, each of the officers of the Company and the Issuer who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company or the Issuer within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act or Section 20 of the 1934 Act, shall be selected by the Company. An indemnifying party may participate at its own expense in the defense of any such action; provided, however, that counsel to the indemnifying party shall not (except with the consent of the indemnified party) also be counsel to the indemnified party. In no event shall the indemnifying party be


liable for the fees and expenses of more than one separate counsel (in addition to any local counsel) for all indemnified parties in connection with any one action or separate but similar or related actions in the same jurisdiction arising out of the same general allegations or circumstance. No indemnifying party shall, without the prior written consent of the indemnified parties, settle or compromise or consent to the entry of any judgment with respect to any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or any claim whatsoever in respect of which indemnification or contribution could be sought under this Section 6 or Section 7 hereof (whether or not the indemnified parties are actual or potential parties thereto), unless such settlement, compromise or consent (i) includes an unconditional release of each indemnified party from all liability arising out of such litigation, investigation, proceeding or claim and (ii) does not include a statement as to or an admission of fault, culpability or a failure to act by or on behalf of any indemnified party.
(d)    Settlement Without Consent if Failure to Reimburse. If at any time an indemnified party shall have requested an indemnifying party to reimburse the indemnified party for fees and expenses of counsel as contemplated by this Section 6, such indemnifying party (together with any other joint indemnifying party) agrees that it shall be liable for any settlement of the nature contemplated by Section 6(a)(ii) effected without its written consent if (i) such settlement is entered into more than 45 days after receipt by such indemnifying party of the aforesaid request and (ii) such indemnifying party shall not have reimbursed such indemnified party in accordance with such request prior to the date of such settlement; provided that an indemnifying party shall not be liable for such settlement effected without its prior written consent if such indemnifying party (A) reimburses such indemnified party in accordance with such request to the extent it considers such request to be reasonable and (B) provides written notice to the indemnified party substantiating the unpaid balance as unreasonable, in each case prior to the date of such settlement.
SECTION 7.    Contribution. If the indemnification provided for in Section 6 hereof is for any reason unavailable to or insufficient to hold harmless an indemnified party in respect of any losses, liabilities, claims, damages or expenses referred to therein, then each indemnifying party shall contribute to the aggregate amount of such losses, liabilities, claims, damages and expenses incurred by such indemnified party, as incurred, (i) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company and the Issuer, on the one hand, and the Underwriters, on the other hand, from the offering of the Securities pursuant to this Agreement or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i) is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in clause (i) but also the relative fault of the Company and the Issuer, on the one hand, and the Underwriters, on the other hand, in connection with the statements or omissions which resulted in such losses, liabilities, claims, damages or expenses, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations.
The relative benefits received by the Company and the Issuer, on the one hand, and the Underwriters, on the other hand, in connection with the offering of the Securities pursuant to this Agreement shall be deemed to be in the same respective proportions as the total net proceeds from the offering of the Securities pursuant to this Agreement (before deducting expenses) received by the Company and the Issuer and the total underwriting discounts and commissions received by the Underwriters, in each case as set forth on the cover of the Prospectus, bear to the aggregate initial public offering price of the Securities as set forth on such cover.
The relative fault of the Company and the Issuer, on the one hand, and the Underwriters, on the other hand, shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether any such untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company or the Issuer, on the one hand, or by the Underwriters, on the other hand, and the parties’ relative intent, knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission.
The Company, the Issuer and the Underwriters agree that it would not be just and equitable if contribution pursuant to this Section 7 were determined by pro rata allocation (even if the Underwriters were treated as one entity for such purpose) or by any other method of allocation which does not take account of the equitable considerations referred to above in this Section 7. The aggregate amount of losses, liabilities, claims, damages and expenses incurred by an indemnified party and referred to above in this Section 7 shall be deemed to include any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such indemnified party in investigating, preparing or defending against any litigation, or any investigation or proceeding by any governmental agency or body, commenced or threatened, or any claim whatsoever based upon any such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission.


Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 7, no Underwriter shall be required to contribute any amount in excess of the amount by which the total price at which the Securities underwritten by it and distributed to the public were offered to the public exceeds the amount of any damages which such Underwriter has otherwise been required to pay by reason of any such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission.
No person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the 1933 Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation.
For purposes of this Section 7, each affiliate, officer, director, employee, and agent of each Underwriter and each person, if any, who controls any Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act or Section 20 of the 1934 Act shall have the same rights to contribution as such Underwriter, and each director of the Company and the Issuer, each officer of the Company and the Issuer who signed the Registration Statement, and each person, if any, who controls the Company or the Issuer within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act or Section 20 of the 1934 Act shall have the same rights to contribution as the Company and the Issuer. The Underwriters’ respective obligations to contribute pursuant to this Section 7 are several in proportion to the principal amount of Securities set forth opposite their respective names in Exhibit A hereto, subject to any adjustments in accordance with Section 10 hereof, and not joint.
SECTION 8.    Representations, Warranties and Agreements to Survive Delivery. All representations, warranties and agreements contained in this Agreement or in certificates signed by any officer of the Company or any of its subsidiaries (including the Issuer) (whether signed on behalf of such officer, the Company or such subsidiary) and delivered to the Representatives or counsel to the Underwriters pursuant to this Agreement, shall remain operative and in full force and effect, regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of any Underwriter, any officer, director, employee, partner, member or agent of any Underwriter or any person controlling any Underwriter, or by or on behalf of the Company, the Issuer, any officer, director or employee of the Company or the Issuer or any person controlling the Company or the Issuer, and shall survive delivery of and payment for the Securities.
SECTION 9.    Termination of Agreement.
(a)    Termination; General. The Representatives may terminate this Agreement, by notice to the Company, at any time after the execution of this Agreement and on or prior to the Closing Date (i) if there has been, at any time on or after the date of this Agreement or since the respective dates as of which information is given in the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (in each case exclusive of any amendments or supplements thereto subsequent to the date of this Agreement), any Material Adverse Effect or any development that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (ii) if there has occurred any material adverse change in the financial markets in the United States, Bermuda or the international financial markets, any declaration of a national emergency or war by the United States or Bermuda, any outbreak of hostilities or escalation thereof or other calamity or crisis or any change or development involving a prospective change in national or international political, financial or economic conditions (including, without limitation, as a result of terrorist activities), in each case the effect of which is such as to make it, in the judgment of the Representatives, impracticable or inadvisable to market the Securities or to enforce contracts for the sale of the Securities, (iii)(A) if trading in any securities of the Company or the Issuer has been suspended or materially limited by the Commission or NASDAQ or the NYSE, or (B) if trading generally on the NYSE or NASDAQ has been suspended or limited, or minimum or maximum prices for trading have been fixed, or maximum ranges for prices have been required, by any of said exchanges or by order of the Commission, FINRA or any other governmental authority, or (C) if a material disruption has occurred in commercial banking or securities settlement or clearance services in the United States or in Europe that would reasonably be expected to affect the settlement of the Securities, (iv) if a banking moratorium has been declared by either Federal or New York or Bermuda authorities or (v) if there shall have occurred any downgrading in the financial strength or claims-paying ability rating of the Company, the Issuer or any of the Company’s Material Subsidiaries or any securities of the Company by any “nationally recognized statistical rating organization” (as defined by the Commission in Section 3(a)(62) of the 1934 Act) or any public announcement that any such organization has placed any such rating under surveillance or review or on a so-called “watch list” (other than an announcement with positive implications of a possible upgrading, and no implication of a possible downgrading, of such rating) or any announcement by any such organization that the Company, the Issuer or any of the Company’s Material Subsidiaries or any securities of the Company has been placed on negative outlook.


(b)    Liabilities. If this Agreement is terminated pursuant to this Section 9, such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except as provided in Section 4 hereof, and except that Sections 1, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 hereof shall survive such termination and remain in full force and effect.
SECTION 10.    Default by One or More of the Underwriters. If one or more of the Underwriters shall fail at the Closing Date to purchase the aggregate principal amount of Securities which it or they are obligated to purchase under this Agreement (the “Defaulted Securities”), the Representatives shall have the right, within 36 hours thereafter, to make arrangements for one or more of the non-defaulting Underwriters, or any other underwriters reasonably satisfactory to the Company, to purchase all, but not less than all, of the Defaulted Securities in such amounts as may be agreed upon and upon the terms herein set forth; if, however, the Representatives shall not have completed such arrangements within such 36-hour period, then:
(i)    if the aggregate principal amount of Defaulted Securities does not exceed 10% of the aggregate principal amount of Securities, each of the non-defaulting Underwriters shall be obligated, severally and not jointly, to purchase the full amount of such Defaulted Securities in the proportions that their respective underwriting obligations hereunder bear to the underwriting obligations of all non-defaulting Underwriters; or
(ii)    if the number of Defaulted Securities exceeds 10% of the aggregate principal amount of Securities, this Agreement shall terminate without liability on the part of any non-defaulting Underwriter.
No action taken pursuant to this Section 10 shall relieve any defaulting Underwriter from liability in respect of its default.
In the event of any such default which does not result in a termination of this Agreement, the Representatives shall have the right to postpone the Closing Date for a period not exceeding seven days in order to effect any required changes in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or Prospectus or in any other documents or arrangements. As used herein, the term “Underwriter” includes any person substituted for an Underwriter under this Section 10.
SECTION 11.    Notices. All notices and other communications hereunder shall be in writing, shall be effective only upon receipt and shall be mailed, delivered by hand or overnight courier, transmitted by fax (with the receipt of any such fax to be confirmed by telephone), or emailed. Notices to the Underwriters shall be directed to the Representatives at (i) Barclays Capital Inc., 745 Seventh Avenue, New York, New York 10019, Attention: Syndicate Registration, fax no. (646) 834-8133, (ii) BMO Capital Markets Corp., 151 West 42nd Street, New York, New York 10036, Attention: Debt Capital Markets, with a copy to the Legal Department, fax no. (212) 702-1205, (iii) HSBC Securities (USA) Inc., 452 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10018, Attention: Transaction Management Group, fax no. (212) 525-0238 and (iv) Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, 550 South Tryon Street, 5th Floor, Charlotte, North Carolina 28202, Attention: Transaction Management (email: tmgcapitalmarkets@wellsfargo.com); notices to the Company or the Issuer shall be directed to the Company or the Issuer, as applicable, at Enstar (US) Inc., 411 Fifth Avenue, Floor 5, New York, NY 10016, email: corpsec@enstargroup.com.
SECTION 12.    Parties. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the Underwriters, the Company and the Issuer and their respective successors. Nothing expressed or mentioned in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to give any person, firm or corporation, other than the Underwriters, the Company and the Issuer and their respective successors and the controlling persons and other indemnified parties referred to in Sections 6 and 7 and their successors, heirs and legal representatives, any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under or in respect of this Agreement or any provision herein contained. This Agreement and all conditions and provisions hereof are intended to be for the sole and exclusive benefit of the Underwriters, the Company and the Issuer and their respective successors, and said controlling persons and other indemnified parties and their successors, heirs and legal representatives, and for the benefit of no other person or entity. No purchaser of Securities from any Underwriter shall be deemed to be a successor by reason merely of such purchase.
SECTION 13.    GOVERNING LAW AND TIME. THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN, SPECIFIED TIMES OF DAY REFER TO NEW YORK CITY TIME.


SECTION 14.    Effect of Headings. The Section and Exhibit headings herein are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction hereof.
SECTION 15.    Definitions. As used in this Agreement, the following terms have the respective meanings set forth below:
1933 Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
1933 Act Regulations” means the rules and regulations of the Commission under the 1933 Act.
1934 Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
1934 Act Regulations” means the rules and regulations of the Commission under the 1934 Act.
1939 Act” means the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder.
1940 Act” means the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
Applicable Time” means 4:30 p.m. (New York City time) on January 12, 2022 or such other time as agreed by the Company and the Representatives.
Commission” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Company Agreements” means all contracts, indentures, mortgages, deeds of trust, loan or credit agreements, bonds, notes, debentures, evidences of indebtedness, swap agreements, leases or other instruments or agreements (including any retrocessional or reinsurance treaty, contract or arrangement) to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject.
DTC” means The Depository Trust Company.
EDGAR” means the Commission’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval System.
FCPA” means the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.
FINRA” means the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority Inc.
GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles.
Issuer Free Writing Prospectus” means any “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433, relating to the Securities that (i) is required to be filed with the Commission by the Company, (ii) is a “road show” that is a “written communication” within the meaning of Rule 433(d)(8)(i), whether or not required to be filed with the Commission, or (iii) is exempt from filing pursuant to Rule 433(d)(5)(i) because it contains a description of the Securities or of the offering that does not reflect the final terms, and all free writing prospectuses that are listed in Exhibit D hereto, in each case in the form filed or required to be filed with the Commission or, if not required to be filed, in the form retained in the Company’s records pursuant to Rule 433(g).
Issuer General Use Free Writing Prospectus” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is intended for general distribution to prospective investors, as evidenced by its being specified in Exhibit D hereto.
Issuer Limited Use Free Writing Prospectus” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is not an Issuer General Use Free Writing Prospectus.
Lien” means any security interest, mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance, claim or equity.


Material Subsidiary” means the subsidiaries of the Company listed on Exhibit B hereto.
NYSE” means the New York Stock Exchange.
OFAC” means the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department.
Organizational Documents” means (a) in the case of a corporation, its charter and by-laws; (b) in the case of a limited or general partnership, its partnership certificate, certificate of formation or similar organizational document and its partnership agreement; (c) in the case of a limited liability company, its articles of organization, certificate of formation or similar organizational documents and its operating agreement, limited liability company agreement, membership agreement or other similar agreement; (d) in the case of a trust, its certificate of trust, certificate of formation or similar organizational document and its trust agreement or other similar agreement; and (e) in the case of any other entity, the organizational and governing documents of such entity.
PCAOB” means the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).
Registration Statement” means the Company’s and the Issuer’s registration statement on Form S–3 (Registration Nos. 333-247995 and 333-247995-01) as amended (if applicable), including the documents incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S–3 under the 1933 Act and the Rule 430B Information; provided that any Rule 430B Information shall be deemed part of the Registration Statement only from and after the time specified pursuant to Rule 430B.
Repayment Event” means any event or condition which, either immediately or with notice or passage of time or both, (i) gives the holder of any bond, note, debenture or other evidence of indebtedness (or any person acting on such holder’s behalf) the right to require the repurchase, redemption or repayment of all or a portion of such indebtedness by the Company or any subsidiary of the Company, or (ii) gives any counterparty (or any person acting on such counterparty’s behalf) under any swap agreement, hedging agreement or similar agreement or instrument to which the Company or any subsidiary of the Company is a party the right to liquidate or accelerate the payment obligations or designate an early termination date under such agreement or instrument, as the case may be.
Rule 163,” “Rule 164,” “Rule 172,” “Rule 173,” “Rule 401,” “Rule 405,” “Rule 424(b),” Rule 430B” and “Rule 433” refer to such rules under the 1933 Act.
Rule 430B Information” means the information included in the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing that was omitted from the Registration Statement at the time it first became effective but is deemed to be part of and included in the Registration Statement pursuant to Rule 430B.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act” means the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder or implementing the provisions thereof.
Termination Event” means any event or condition which gives any person the right, either immediately or with notice or passage of time or both, to terminate or limit (in whole or in part) any agreement or any rights of the Company or any of its subsidiaries thereunder, including, without limitation, upon the occurrence of a change of control of the Company or other similar events.
Transaction Documents” means this Agreement, the Indenture and the Securities, collectively.
All references in this Agreement to the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus, the Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing shall be deemed to include the version thereof filed with the Commission pursuant to EDGAR and all versions thereof delivered (physically or electronically) to the Representatives or the Underwriters.
All references in this Agreement to financial statements and schedules and other information which is “contained,” “included” or “stated” in the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus (and all other references of like import) shall be deemed to mean and include all such financial statements and schedules and other information which is incorporated by reference in or otherwise deemed by 1933 Act Regulations to be a part of or included in the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus, as the case may be; and all references in this Agreement to


amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus shall be deemed to mean and include the filing of any document under the 1934 Act which is incorporated by reference in or otherwise deemed by 1933 Act Regulations to be a part of or included in the Registration Statement, the Pre-Pricing Prospectus or the Prospectus, as the case may be.
SECTION 16.    Permitted Free Writing Prospectuses. Each of the Company and the Issuer, jointly and severally, represents, warrants and agrees that it has not made and, unless it obtains the prior written consent of the Representatives, it will not make, and each Underwriter, severally and not jointly, represents, warrants and agrees that it has not made and, unless it obtains the prior written consent of the Company, the Issuer and the Representatives, it will not make, any offer relating to the Securities that constitutes or would constitute an “issuer free writing prospectus” (as defined in Rule 433) or that otherwise constitutes or would constitute a “free writing prospectus” (as defined in Rule 405) or portion thereof required, in the case of any Underwriters, to be filed with the Commission or, in the case of the Company or the Issuer, whether or not required to be filed with the Commission; provided that the prior written consent of the Company, the Issuer and the Representatives shall be deemed to have been given in respect of the Issuer General Use Free Writing Prospectuses, if any, listed on Exhibit D hereto and to any electronic road show in the form previously provided by the Company to and approved by the Representatives. Any such free writing prospectus consented to or deemed to have been consented to as aforesaid is hereinafter referred to as a “Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.” Each of the Company and the Issuer, jointly and severally, represents, warrants and agrees that it has treated and will treat each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as an “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433, and has complied and will comply with the requirements of Rule 433 applicable to any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, including timely filing with the Commission where required, legending and record keeping. For the purposes of clarity, the parties hereto agree that all free writing prospectuses, if any, listed in Exhibit D hereto are Permitted Free Writing Prospectuses.
SECTION 17.    Absence of Fiduciary Relationship. Each of the Company and the Issuer acknowledges and agrees that:
(a)    each of the Underwriters is acting solely as an underwriter in connection with the sale of the Securities and no fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship between the Company and the Issuer, on the one hand, and any of the Underwriters, on the other hand, has been created in respect of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, irrespective of whether or not any of the Underwriters has advised or is advising the Company or the Issuer on other matters;
(b)    the public offering price of the Securities and the price to be paid by the Underwriters for the Securities set forth in this Agreement were established by the Company and the Issuer following discussions and arm’s-length negotiations with the Representatives;
(c)    it is capable of evaluating and understanding, and understands and accepts, the terms, risks and conditions of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;
(d)    it is aware that the Underwriters and their respective affiliates are engaged in a broad range of transactions which may involve interests that differ from those of the Company and the Issuer and that none of the Underwriters has any obligation to disclose such interests and transactions to the Company or the Issuer by virtue of any fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship or otherwise; and
(e)    it waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any claims it may have against any of the Underwriters for breach of fiduciary duty or alleged breach of fiduciary duty in respect of the Transaction Documents and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby and agrees that none of the Underwriters shall have any liability (whether direct or indirect, in contract, tort or otherwise) to it in respect of such a fiduciary duty claim or to any person asserting a fiduciary duty claim on its behalf or in right of it or the Company, the Issuer or any stockholders, employees or creditors of Company or the Issuer in respect of the Transaction Documents and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.
SECTION 18.    Research Analyst Independence. Each of the Company and the Issuer acknowledges that the Underwriters’ research analysts and research departments are required to be independent from their respective investment banking divisions and are subject to certain regulations and internal policies, and that such Underwriters’ research analysts may hold views and make statements or investment recommendations and/or publish research reports with respect to the Company, the Issuer and/or the offering that differ from the views of their respective investment banking divisions. Each of the Company and the Issuer hereby waives and releases, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any claims that the Company or the Issuer may have against the Underwriters with respect to any conflict


of interest that may arise from the fact that the views expressed by their independent research analysts and research departments may be different from or inconsistent with the views or advice communicated to the Company or the Issuer by such Underwriters’ investment banking divisions. Each of the Company and the Issuer acknowledges that each of the Underwriters is a full service securities firm and as such from time to time, subject to applicable securities laws, may effect transactions for its own account or the account of its customers and hold long or short positions in debt or equity securities of the companies that may be the subject of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.
SECTION 19.    Consent to Jurisdiction. Each of the Company and the Issuer hereby submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of any U.S. federal or state court located in the Borough of Manhattan, the City and County of New York in any action, suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to or based upon this Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated hereby, and each of the Company and the Issuer irrevocably and unconditionally waives any objection to the laying of venue of any action, suit or proceeding in any such court arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby and irrevocably and unconditionally waives and agrees not to plead or claim in any such court that any such action, suit or proceeding has been brought in an inconvenient forum. The Company irrevocably appoints Enstar (US) Inc., 411 Fifth Avenue, Floor 5, New York, NY 10016, as its authorized agent in the Borough of Manhattan, the City and County of New York upon which process may be served in any such action, suit or proceeding and agrees that service of process upon such agent, and written notice of said service to the Company by the person serving the same to the Company’s address as provided in Section 11 of this Agreement, shall be deemed in every respect effective service of process upon the Company in any such action, suit or proceeding, and the Company further agrees to take any and all such action as may be necessary to maintain such designation and appointment of such agent in full force and effect for a period of ten years from the date of this Agreement.
SECTION 20.    Waiver of Immunity. With respect to any action, suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to or based upon this Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated hereby, each of the Company and the Issuer irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, all immunity (whether on the basis of sovereignty or otherwise) from jurisdiction, service of process, attachment (both before and after judgment) and execution to which it might otherwise be entitled, and with respect to any such action, suit or proceeding, each of the Company and the Issuer waives any such immunity in any court of competent jurisdiction, and neither the Company nor the Issuer will raise or claim or cause to be pleaded any such immunity at or in respect of any such action, suit or proceeding, including, without limitation, any immunity pursuant to the U.S. Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, as amended.
SECTION 21.    Waiver of Jury Trial. The Company, the Issuer and the Underwriters hereby irrevocably waive, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby.
SECTION 22.    Judgment Currency. The obligation of the Company or the Issuer in respect of any sum due to any Underwriter under this Agreement shall, notwithstanding any judgment in a currency other than U.S. dollars (the “Judgment Currency”), not be discharged until the first business day following receipt by such Underwriter of any sum adjudged to be so due in the Judgment Currency on which (and only to the extent that) such Underwriter may in accordance with normal banking procedures purchase U.S. dollars with the Judgment Currency; if the U.S. dollars so purchased are less than the sum originally due to such Underwriter hereunder, the Company and the Issuer, jointly and severally, agree, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding any such judgment, to indemnify such Underwriter against such loss in respect of any sum due to such Underwriter from the Company or the Issuer. If the U.S. dollars so purchased are greater than the sum originally due to such Underwriter hereunder, such Underwriter agrees to pay to the Company or the Issuer, as the case may be, an amount equal to the excess of the U.S. dollars so purchased over the sum originally due to such Underwriter hereunder.
SECTION 23.    Compliance with USA Patriot Act. In accordance with the requirements of the USA Patriot Act (Title III of Pub. L. 107-56 (signed into law October 26, 2001)), the Underwriters are required to obtain, verify and record information that identifies their respective clients, including the Company and the Issuer, which information may include the name and address of their respective clients, as well as other information that will allow the Underwriters to properly identify their respective clients.
SECTION 24.    Recognition of the U.S. Special Resolution Regimes.
(a)    In the event that any Underwriter that is a Covered Entity becomes subject to a proceeding under a U.S. Special Resolution Regime, the transfer from such Underwriter of this Agreement, and any interest and obligation in or under this Agreement, will be effective to the same


extent as the transfer would be effective under the U.S. Special Resolution Regime if this Agreement, and any such interest and obligation, were governed by the laws of the United States or a state of the United States.
(b)    In the event that any Underwriter that is a Covered Entity or a BHC Act Affiliate of such Underwriter becomes subject to a proceeding under a U.S. Special Resolution Regime, Default Rights under this Agreement that may be exercised against such Underwriter are permitted to be exercised to no greater extent than such Default Rights could be exercised under the U.S. Special Resolution Regime if this Agreement were governed by the laws of the United States or a state of the United States.
For purposes of this Section 24, a “BHC Act Affiliate” has the meaning assigned to the term “affiliate” in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. § 1841(k). “Covered Entity” means any of the following: (i) a “covered entity” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 252.82(b); (ii) a “covered bank” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 47.3(b); or (iii) a “covered FSI” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 382.2(b). “Default Right” has the meaning assigned to that term in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. §§ 252.81, 47.2 or 382.1, as applicable. “U.S. Special Resolution Regime” means each of (i) the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder and (ii) Title II of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder.
[Signature Page Follows]


If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding of our agreement, please sign and return to the Company and the Issuer a counterpart hereof, whereupon this instrument, along with all counterparts, will become a binding agreement between the Underwriters, the Company and the Issuer in accordance with its terms.
Very truly yours,
ENSTAR FINANCE LLC
By /s/ Richard Seelinger
Name: Richard Seelinger
Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

ENSTAR GROUP LIMITED
By /s/ Paul O’Shea
Name: Paul O’Shea
Title: President


CONFIRMED AND ACCEPTED, as of the date first above written:
BARCLAYS CAPITAL INC.
BMO CAPITAL MARKETS CORP.
HSBC SECURITIES (USA) INC.
WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC

By: BARCLAYS CAPITAL INC.
By /s/ Radhika P. Gupte
Authorized Signatory
By: BMO CAPITAL MARKETS CORP.
By /s/ Zain Leela
Authorized Signatory
By: HSBC SECURITIES (USA) INC.
By /s/ Edward Schweitzer
Authorized Signatory

By: WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC
By /s/ Carolyn Hurley
Authorized Signatory
For themselves and each as Representative of the Underwriters named in Exhibit A hereto.