10-Q 1 d626279d10q.htm 10-Q 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  

For the quarterly period ended November 30, 2013

or

 

¨  

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission File Number: 001-35992

 

 

Oracle Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   54-2185193

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

500 Oracle Parkway  
Redwood City, California   94065
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(650) 506-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer    x    Accelerated filer    ¨
Non-accelerated filer    ¨    Smaller reporting company    ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding as of December 13, 2013 was: 4,497,409,000.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  

PART I.

  FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013      2   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012      3   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012

     4   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012      5   
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements      6   

Item 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      27   

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      51   

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures      52   

PART II.

  OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings      54   

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      54   

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      54   

Item 6.

  Exhibits      55   
  Signatures      56   


Table of Contents

Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements

For purposes of this Quarterly Report, the terms “Oracle,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Oracle Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements that are not historical in nature, are predictive in nature, or that depend upon or refer to future events or conditions or otherwise contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These include, among other things, statements regarding:

 

   

our expectation to continue to acquire companies, products, services and technologies;

 

   

our expectation that our software business’ total revenues generally will continue to increase;

 

   

our belief that software license updates and product support revenues and margins will grow;

 

   

our expectation that our hardware business will have lower operating margins as a percentage of revenues than our software business;

 

   

our international operations providing a significant portion of our total revenues and expenses;

 

   

our expectation to continue to make significant investments in research and development and related product opportunities, including those related to hardware products and services;

 

   

the sufficiency of our sources of funding for acquisitions or other matters;

 

   

our belief that we have adequately provided for any reasonably foreseeable outcomes related to our tax audits and that any tax settlement will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations;

 

   

our belief that the outcome of certain legal proceedings and claims to which we are a party will not, individually or in the aggregate, result in losses that are materially in excess of amounts already recognized, if any;

 

   

our expectation to incur the majority of the remaining expenses pursuant to the Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan through the remainder of fiscal 2014 and our expectation to improve efficiencies in our operations that will impact our Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan;

 

   

our expectation that to the extent customers renew support contracts or cloud software subscriptions contracts, we will recognize revenues for the full contracts’ values over the respective renewal periods;

 

   

our experience and ability to predict quarterly hardware systems products revenues;

 

   

the timing of customer orders and delays in our ability to manufacture or deliver a few large transactions substantially affecting the amount of hardware systems products revenues, expenses and operating margins that we will report;

as well as other statements regarding our future operations, financial condition and prospects, and business strategies. Forward-looking statements may be preceded by, followed by or include the words “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “will,” “is designed to” and similar expressions. We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for all forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions about our business that could affect our future results and could cause those results or other outcomes to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in “Risk Factors” included in documents we file from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC), including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 and our other Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q to be filed by us in our fiscal year 2014, which runs from June 1, 2013 to May 31, 2014.

We have no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or risks, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. New information, future events or risks could cause the forward-looking events we discuss in this Quarterly Report not to occur. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our expectations only as of the date of this Quarterly Report.

 

1


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)

ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

(in millions, except per share data)

   November 30,
2013
    May 31,
        2013         
 
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 14,894      $ 14,613   

Marketable securities

     22,080        17,603   

Trade receivables, net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $292 and $296 as of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, respectively

     4,192        6,049   

Inventories

     234        240   

Deferred tax assets

     963        974   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,889        2,213   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     44,252        41,692   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-current assets:

    

Property, plant and equipment, net

     3,039        3,053   

Intangible assets, net

     6,521        6,640   

Goodwill

     28,269        27,343   

Deferred tax assets

     760        766   

Other assets

     2,397        2,318   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-current assets

     40,986        40,120   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 85,238      $ 81,812   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Notes payable, current and other current borrowings

   $ 1,525      $   

Accounts payable

     408        419   

Accrued compensation and related benefits

     1,566        1,851   

Income taxes payable

     543        911   

Deferred revenues

     6,667        7,118   

Other current liabilities

     2,401        2,573   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     13,110        12,872   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-current liabilities:

    

Notes payable and other non-current borrowings

     22,641        18,494   

Income taxes payable

     3,950        3,899   

Other non-current liabilities

     1,471        1,402   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-current liabilities

     28,062        23,795   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

    

Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value—authorized: 1.0 shares; outstanding: none

              

Common stock, $0.01 par value and additional paid in capital—authorized: 11,000 shares; outstanding: 4,506 shares and 4,646 shares as of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, respectively

     19,403        18,893   

Retained earnings

     24,386        25,854   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (226     (99
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity

     43,563        44,648   

Noncontrolling interests

     503        497   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     44,066        45,145   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 85,238      $ 81,812   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

For the Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions, except per share data)

  2013     2012     2013     2012  

Revenues:

       

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions

  $     2,380     $     2,389      $     4,032     $     3,963   

Software license updates and product support

    4,516       4,260        8,948       8,400   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Software revenues

    6,896       6,649        12,980       12,363   

Hardware systems products

    714       734        1,383       1,513   

Hardware systems support

    609       587        1,201       1,161   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Hardware systems revenues

    1,323       1,321        2,584       2,674   

Services revenues

    1,056       1,124        2,083       2,238   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    9,275       9,094        17,647       17,275   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

       

Sales and marketing(1)

    1,965       1,773        3,673       3,319   

Software license updates and product support(1)

    285       270        573       553   

Hardware systems products(1)

    369       367        699       751   

Hardware systems support(1)

    214       227        423       451   

Services(1)

    851       930        1,657       1,814   

Research and development

    1,273       1,199        2,510       2,400   

General and administrative

    262       263        522       538   

Amortization of intangible assets

    577       584        1,172       1,203   

Acquisition related and other

    17       (121     27       (380

Restructuring

    52       131        108       276   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    5,865       5,623        11,364       10,925   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

    3,410       3,471        6,283       6,350   

Interest expense

    (230 )     (195     (446 )     (382

Non-operating income, net

    23       4        29       14   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

    3,203       3,280        5,866       5,982   

Provision for income taxes

    650       699        1,122       1,367   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

  $ 2,553     $ 2,581      $ 4,744     $ 4,615   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

       

Basic

  $ 0.56     $ 0.54      $ 1.04     $ 0.96   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

  $ 0.56     $ 0.53      $ 1.02     $ 0.94   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

       

Basic

    4,535       4,792        4,571       4,829   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

    4,600       4,868        4,637       4,904   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

  $ 0.12     $ 0.06      $ 0.24     $ 0.12   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

Exclusive of amortization of intangible assets, which is shown separately.

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

For the Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

  2013     2012     2013     2012  

Net income

  $ 2,553     $ 2,581      $ 4,744     $ 4,615   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

       

Net foreign currency translation gains (losses)

    80       10        (107 )     77   

Net unrealized gains (losses) on defined benefit plans

    3       (1     6       4   

Net unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities

    11       (98     (18 )     29   

Net unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges

    24              (8 )       
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net

    118       (89     (127 )     110   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

  $     2,671     $     2,492      $     4,617     $     4,725   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Six Months Ended November 30, 2013 and 2012

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

       2013              2012      

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

     

Net income

   $ 4,744      $ 4,615   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

     

Depreciation

     302        261   

Amortization of intangible assets

     1,172        1,203   

Deferred income taxes

     (207 )      (40

Stock-based compensation

     382        386   

Tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     129        179   

Excess tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     (71 )      (95

Other, net

     51        80   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

     

Decrease in trade receivables, net

     1,989        2,038   

Decrease in inventories

     13          

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other assets

     247        (213

Decrease in accounts payable and other liabilities

     (533 )      (790

Decrease in income taxes payable

     (343 )      (559

Decrease in deferred revenues

     (437 )      (599
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     7,438        6,466   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

     

Purchases of marketable securities and other investments

     (18,558 )      (17,314

Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities and other investments

     13,955        15,263   

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (1,748 )      (660

Capital expenditures

     (279 )      (351
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used for investing activities

     (6,630 )      (3,062
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

     

Payments for repurchases of common stock

     (5,801 )      (6,072

Proceeds from issuances of common stock

     765        752   

Payments of dividends to stockholders

     (1,099 )      (583

Proceeds from borrowings, net of issuance costs

     5,566        4,974   

Repayments of borrowings

            (1,700

Excess tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     71        95   

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     (28 )      (31
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used for financing activities

     (526 )      (2,565
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (1 )      118   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     281        957   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     14,613        14,955   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 14,894      $ 15,912   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-cash financing transactions:

     

Fair value of stock options assumed in connection with acquisitions

   $      $ 1   

(Decrease) increase in unsettled repurchases of common stock

   $ (12 )    $ 14   

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Basis of Presentation

We have prepared the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. However, we believe that the disclosures herein are adequate to ensure the information presented is not misleading. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013.

We believe that all necessary adjustments, which consisted only of normal recurring items, have been included in the accompanying financial statements to present fairly the results of the interim periods. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be expected for any subsequent interim period or for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2014.

There have been no significant changes in our reported financial position or results of operations and cash flows as a result of the adoption of new accounting pronouncements or to our significant accounting policies that were disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 that have had a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. Such reclassifications did not affect our consolidated total revenues, consolidated operating income or consolidated net income.

New Software Licenses and Cloud Software Subscriptions Revenues

New software licenses revenues represent fees earned from granting customers licenses to use our database and middleware and our applications software products. Cloud software subscriptions revenues represent fees earned from granting customers access to select Oracle software applications and software platforms on a subscription basis through a cloud-based computing environment. Our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

  2013     2012     2013     2012  

New software licenses

  $     2,121     $     2,171      $     3,519     $     3,542   

Cloud software subscriptions

    259       218        513       421   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues

  $ 2,380     $ 2,389      $ 4,032     $ 3,963   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Acquisition Related and Other Expenses

Acquisition related and other expenses consist of personnel related costs for transitional and certain other employees, stock-based compensation expenses, integration related professional services, certain business combination adjustments including adjustments after the measurement period has ended and certain other operating items, net. Stock-based compensation included in acquisition related and other expenses resulted from unvested options and restricted stock-based awards assumed from acquisitions whereby vesting was accelerated upon termination of the employees pursuant to the original terms of those options and restricted stock-based awards.

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

       2013              2012             2013             2012      

Transitional and other employee related costs

   $ 5       $ 8      $ 11     $ 17   

Stock-based compensation

     1         4        4       21   

Professional fees and other, net

     11         12        13       (289

Business combination adjustments, net

             (145     (1 )     (129
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total acquisition related and other expenses

   $ 17       $ (121   $ 27     $ (380
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Included in acquisition related and other expenses for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012 were changes in estimates for contingent consideration payable related to an acquisition, which reduced acquisition related and other expenses by $145 million and $129 million for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, respectively (see Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 for additional information). Acquisition related and other expenses during the six months ended November 30, 2012 also included a benefit of $306 million related to certain litigation (see Note 14 for additional information), which reduced our acquisition related and other expenses in this period.

Non-Operating Income, net

Non-operating income, net consists primarily of interest income, net foreign currency exchange gains (losses), the noncontrolling interests in the net profits of our majority-owned subsidiaries (Oracle Financial Services Software Limited and Oracle Japan) and net other income (losses), including net realized gains and losses related to all of our investments and net unrealized gains and losses related to the small portion of our investment portfolio that we classify as trading.

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

      2013           2012           2013           2012     

Interest income

   $ 65     $ 61     $ 122     $ 118   

Foreign currency losses, net

     (44 )     (37 )     (79 )     (63

Noncontrolling interests in income

     (35 )     (31 )     (52 )     (64

Other income, net

     37       11       38       23   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-operating income, net

   $ 23     $ 4     $ 29     $ 14   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Sales of Financing Receivables

We offer certain of our customers the option to acquire our software products, hardware systems products and services offerings through separate long-term payment contracts. We generally sell these contracts that we have financed for our customers on a non-recourse basis to financial institutions within 90 days of the contracts’ dates

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

of execution. We record the transfers of amounts due from customers to financial institutions as sales of financing receivables because we are considered to have surrendered control of these financing receivables. Financing receivables sold to financial institutions were $216 million and $1.0 billion for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013, respectively, and $192 million and $1.2 billion for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, respectively.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Presentation of Unrecognized Tax Benefits:     In July 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists (ASU 2013-11) to provide guidance on the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits. ASU 2013-11 requires an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward, except as follows: to the extent a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward is not available at the reporting date under the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction to settle any additional income taxes that would result from the disallowance of a tax position or the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction does not require the entity to use, and the entity does not intend to use, the deferred tax asset for such purpose, the unrecognized tax benefit should be presented in the financial statements as a liability and should not be combined with deferred tax assets. ASU 2013-11 is effective for us in our first quarter of fiscal 2015 with earlier adoption permitted. ASU 2013-11 should be applied prospectively with retroactive application permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2013-11 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

2. ACQUISITIONS

Fiscal 2014 Acquisitions

During the first half of fiscal 2014, we acquired certain companies primarily to expand our products and services offerings. These acquisitions were not individually significant. We have included the financial results of these companies in our consolidated financial statements from their respective acquisition dates and the results from each of these companies were not individually or collectively material to our consolidated financial statements. In the aggregate, the total preliminary purchase price for these acquisitions was $1.8 billion, which consisted primarily of cash consideration, and we preliminarily recorded $131 million of net tangible liabilities, related primarily to deferred tax liabilities, $954 million of identifiable intangible assets, and $99 million of in-process research and development, based on their estimated fair values, and $923 million of residual goodwill.

In addition, as of November 30, 2013, we have agreed to acquire certain companies for amounts that are not material to our business and expect to close such acquisitions within the next twelve months.

The preliminary fair value estimates for the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for our acquisitions completed during the first half of fiscal 2014 were based upon preliminary calculations and valuations and our estimates and assumptions for each of these acquisitions are subject to change as we obtain additional information for our estimates during the respective measurement periods (up to one year from the respective acquisition dates). The primary areas of those preliminary estimates that were not yet finalized related to certain tangible assets and liabilities acquired, identifiable intangible assets, certain legal matters and income and non-income based taxes.

Fiscal 2013 Acquisitions

Acquisition of Acme Packet, Inc.

On March 28, 2013, we completed our acquisition of Acme Packet, Inc. (Acme Packet), a provider of session border control technology. We have included the financial results of Acme Packet in our consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. The total preliminary purchase price for Acme Packet was approximately

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

$2.1 billion, which consisted of approximately $2.1 billion in cash and $12 million for the fair value of stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed. We have preliminarily recorded $257 million of net tangible assets, $525 million of identifiable intangible assets, and $45 million of in-process research and development, based on their estimated fair values, and $1.3 billion of residual goodwill.

Acquisition of Eloqua, Inc.

On February 8, 2013, we completed our acquisition of Eloqua, Inc. (Eloqua), a provider of cloud-based marketing automation and revenue performance management software. We have included the financial results of Eloqua in our consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. The total preliminary purchase price for Eloqua was approximately $935 million, which consisted of approximately $933 million in cash and $2 million for the fair value of stock options assumed. We have preliminarily recorded $1 million of net tangible assets and $327 million of identifiable intangible assets, based on their estimated fair values, and $607 million of residual goodwill.

Other Fiscal 2013 Acquisitions

During fiscal 2013, we acquired certain other companies and purchased certain technology and development assets primarily to expand our products and services offerings. These acquisitions were not significant individually or in the aggregate.

The preliminary fair value estimates for the assets acquired and liabilities assumed for certain acquisitions completed during fiscal 2013 were based upon preliminary calculations and valuations and our estimates and assumptions for each of these acquisitions are subject to change as we obtain additional information for our estimates during the respective measurement periods (up to one year from the respective acquisition dates). The primary areas of those preliminary estimates that were not yet finalized related to certain tangible assets and liabilities acquired, identifiable intangible assets, certain legal matters and income and non-income based taxes.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The unaudited pro forma financial information in the table below summarizes the combined results of operations for Oracle, Acme Packet, Eloqua and certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2013 (which were considered significant for the purposes of unaudited pro forma financial information disclosure) as though the companies were combined as of the beginning of fiscal 2013. The pro forma financial information for all periods presented also included the business combination accounting effects resulting from these acquisitions including our amortization charges from acquired intangible assets (certain of which were preliminary), stock-based compensation charges for unvested stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed, if any, and the related tax effects as though the aforementioned companies were combined as of the beginning of fiscal 2013. The pro forma financial information as presented below is for informational purposes only and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisitions had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2013.

The unaudited pro forma financial information for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013 combined the historical results of Oracle for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013, the historical results of certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2014 based upon their respective previous reporting periods and the dates these companies were acquired by us, and the effects of the pro forma adjustments listed above.

The unaudited pro forma financial information for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012 combined the historical results of Oracle for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, the historical results of Acme Packet for the three and six months ended December 31, 2012 (due to differences in reporting periods), the historical results of Eloqua for the three and six months ended September 30, 2012 (due to differences in

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

reporting periods), the historical results of certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2013 based upon their respective previous reporting periods and the dates these companies were acquired by us, and the effects of the pro forma adjustments listed above.

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions, except per share data)

   2013      2012      2013      2012  

Total revenues

   $     9,291      $     9,318       $     17,687      $     17,745   

Net income

   $ 2,551      $ 2,533       $ 4,722      $ 4,538   

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.56      $ 0.53       $ 1.03      $ 0.94   

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.55      $ 0.52       $ 1.02      $ 0.93   

 

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

We perform fair value measurements in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at their fair values, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the assets or liabilities, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions and risk of nonperformance.

ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. An asset’s or a liability’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ASC 820 establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

   

Level 1: quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

   

Level 2: inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or

 

   

Level 3: unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair values of the assets or liabilities.

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

Our assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis, excluding accrued interest components, consisted of the following (Level 1 and 2 inputs are defined above):

 

                                                                                         
     November 30, 2013      May 31, 2013  
     Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Types
            Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Types
        

(in millions)

     Level 1          Level 2          Total          Level 1          Level 2          Total    

Assets:

                 

Commercial paper debt securities

   $      $ 14,544      $   14,544       $      $ 14,043       $   14,043   

Corporate debt securities and other

     147        9,930        10,077         246        4,689         4,935   

Derivative financial instruments

            88        88                41         41   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 147      $ 24,562      $ 24,709       $ 246      $ 18,773       $ 19,019   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Our marketable securities investments consisted of Tier 1 commercial paper debt securities, corporate debt securities and certain other securities. As of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, approximately 77% and 91%, respectively, of our marketable securities investments mature within one year and 23% and 9%, respectively, mature within one to four years. Our valuation techniques used to measure the fair values of our marketable securities that were classified as Level 1 in the table above were derived from quoted market prices and active markets for these instruments exist. Our valuation techniques used to measure the fair values of Level 2 instruments listed in the table above, the counterparties to which have high credit ratings, were derived from the following: non-binding market consensus prices that are corroborated by observable market data, quoted market prices for similar instruments, or pricing models, such as discounted cash flow techniques, with all significant inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data including LIBOR-based yield curves, among others.

Based on the trading prices of our $24.2 billion and $18.5 billion of borrowings, which consisted of senior notes that were outstanding as of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, respectively, the estimated fair values of our borrowings using Level 2 inputs at November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013 were $25.7 billion and $20.7 billion, respectively.

 

4. INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

(in millions)

   November 30,
2013
     May 31,
        2013         
 

Raw materials

   $ 118       $ 114   

Work-in-process

     29         31   

Finished goods

     87         95   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 234       $ 240   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

5. INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL

The changes in intangible assets for fiscal 2014 and the net book value of intangible assets at November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013 were as follows:

 

    Intangible Assets, Gross     Accumulated Amortization     Intangible Assets, Net    

Weighted
Average
Useful Life(1)

(Dollars in millions)

  May 31,
2013
    Additions     November 30,
2013
    May 31,
2013
    Expense     November 30,
2013
    May 31,
2013
    November 30,
2013
   

Software support agreements and related relationships

  $ 5,298      $      $ 5,298      $ (3,912   $ (289   $ (4,201   $ 1,386     $ 1,097      N.A.

Hardware systems support agreements and related relationships

    817        152        969        (387     (71     (458     430       511      9 years

Developed technology

    7,466        706        8,172        (5,477     (370     (5,847     1,989       2,325      7 years

Core technology

    2,579               2,579        (1,938     (163     (2,101     641       478      N.A.

Customer relationships and contract backlog

    2,435        81        2,516        (1,637     (179     (1,816     798       700      5 years

Cloud software subscriptions and related relationships

    1,227        76        1,303        (155     (65     (220     1,072       1,083      10 years

Trademarks

    635        34        669        (356     (35     (391     279       278      11 years
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total intangible assets subject to amortization

    20,457        1,049        21,506        (13,862     (1,172     (15,034     6,595       6,472      8 years

In-process research and development

    45        4        49                             45       49      N.A.
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total intangible assets, net

  $   20,502      $ 1,053      $ 21,555      $   (13,862   $ (1,172   $ (15,034   $ 6,640     $ 6,521     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

(1) 

Represents weighted average useful lives of intangible assets acquired during fiscal 2014.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Total amortization expense related to our intangible assets was $577 million and $1.2 billion for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013, respectively, and $584 million and $1.2 billion for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, respectively. As of November 30, 2013, estimated future amortization expenses related to intangible assets were as follows (in millions):

 

Remainder of Fiscal 2014

   $ 1,086   

Fiscal 2015

     1,807   

Fiscal 2016

     1,235   

Fiscal 2017

     660   

Fiscal 2018

     528   

Fiscal 2019

     429   

Thereafter

     727   
  

 

 

 

Total intangible assets subject to amortization

     6,472   

In-process research and development

     49   
  

 

 

 

Total intangible assets, net

   $     6,521   
  

 

 

 

The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill, which is generally not deductible for tax purposes, for our operating segments for the six months ended November 30, 2013 were as follows:

 

(in millions)

   New Software
Licenses and
Cloud
Software
Subscriptions
     Software
License
Updates and
Product
Support
    Hardware
Systems
Support
     Other(3)     Total  

Balances as of May 31, 2013

   $ 10,533       $ 12,474      $ 1,259       $     3,077      $     27,343   

Allocation of goodwill(1)

     875                380         (1,255       

Goodwill from acquisitions

     292         4                627        923   

Goodwill adjustments(2)

     2         (6     4         3        3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances as of November 30, 2013

   $ 11,702       $ 12,472      $ 1,643       $ 2,452      $ 28,269   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Represents the allocation of goodwill to our operating segments upon completion of our intangible asset valuations.

 

(2) 

Pursuant to our business combinations accounting policy, we recorded goodwill adjustments for the effect on goodwill of changes to net assets acquired during the measurement period (up to one year from the date of an acquisition). Goodwill adjustments were not significant to our previously reported operating results or financial position.

 

(3) 

Represents goodwill allocated to our other operating segments and approximately $604 million of goodwill for certain of our acquisitions that will be allocated based upon the finalization of valuations.

 

6. NOTES PAYABLE AND OTHER BORROWINGS

Senior Notes

In July 2013, we issued €2.0 billion ($2.7 billion as of November 30, 2013) of fixed rate senior notes comprised of €1.25 billion of 2.25% notes due January 2021 (2021 Notes) and €750 million of 3.125% notes due July 2025 (2025 Notes, and together with the 2021 Notes, the Euro Notes). The Euro Notes are registered and trade on the New York Stock Exchange. We issued the Euro Notes for general corporate purposes, which may include stock repurchases, payment of cash dividends on our common stock and future acquisitions.

In connection with the issuance of the 2021 Notes, we entered into certain cross-currency swap agreements that have the economic effect of converting our fixed rate, Euro denominated debt, including annual interest payments and the payment of principal at maturity, to a fixed rate, U.S. Dollar denominated debt of $1.6 billion

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

with a fixed annual interest rate of 3.53% (see Note 9 for additional information). Further, we designated the 2025 Notes as a net investment hedge of our investments in certain of our international subsidiaries that use the Euro as their functional currency in order to reduce the volatility in stockholders’ equity caused by the changes in foreign currency exchange rates of the Euro with respect to the U.S. Dollar. Refer to Note 9 for additional information.

In July 2013, we also issued $3.0 billion of senior notes comprised of $500 million of floating rate notes due January 2019 (2019 Floating Rate Notes), $1.5 billion of 2.375% notes due January 2019 (2019 Notes) and $1.0 billion of 3.625% notes due July 2023 (2023 Notes). The 2019 Floating Rate Notes bear interest at a floating rate equal to three-month LIBOR plus 0.58% (0.82% as of November 30, 2013) with interest payable quarterly. We issued these senior notes for general corporate purposes, which may include stock repurchases, payment of cash dividends on our common stock and future acquisitions.

The effective interest yield of the 2019 Notes was 2.44% and interest is payable semi-annually. In July 2013, we entered into certain interest rate swap agreements that have the economic effect of modifying the fixed interest obligations associated with the 2019 Notes so that the interest payable on these notes effectively became variable (0.90% at November 30, 2013; see Note 9 for additional information). The effective interest yield of the 2021 Notes was 2.33% (3.53% after the economic effects of the cross-currency swap agreements described above and in Note 9) and interest is payable annually. The effective interest yields of the 2023 Notes and 2025 Notes at November 30, 2013 were 3.73% and 3.17%, respectively. Interest on the 2023 Notes is payable semi-annually whereas interest on the 2025 Notes is payable annually. We may redeem some or all of the 2019 Notes, 2021 Notes, 2023 Notes, and 2025 Notes (collectively, the Senior Notes) prior to their maturity subject to the payment of an applicable make-whole premium. The 2019 Floating Rate Notes may not be redeemed prior to their maturity.

The Senior Notes and the 2019 Floating Rate Notes rank pari passu with any other notes we may issue in the future pursuant to our commercial paper program and all existing and future unsecured senior indebtedness of Oracle Corporation (see Note 8 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 for further information on our commercial paper program and other borrowings). All existing and future liabilities of the subsidiaries of Oracle Corporation are or will be effectively senior to the Senior Notes and the 2019 Floating Rate Notes and any future issuances of commercial paper notes. We were in compliance with all debt-related covenants at November 30, 2013.

There have been no other significant changes in our notes payable or other borrowing arrangements that were disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013.

 

7. RESTRUCTURING ACTIVITIES

Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan

During the first quarter of fiscal 2013, our management approved, committed to and initiated plans to restructure and further improve efficiencies in our operations (the 2013 Restructuring Plan). Our management subsequently amended the 2013 Restructuring Plan in the third quarter of fiscal 2013 and in the first quarter of fiscal 2014 to reflect additional actions that we expect to take. The total estimated restructuring costs associated with the 2013 Restructuring Plan are $705 million and will be recorded to the restructuring expense line item within our consolidated statements of operations as they are incurred. We recorded $99 million of restructuring expenses in connection with the 2013 Restructuring Plan in the first half of fiscal 2014 and we expect to incur the majority of the estimated remaining $281 million through the remainder of fiscal 2014. Any changes to the estimates of executing the 2013 Restructuring Plan will be reflected in our future results of operations.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Summary of All Plans

 

(in millions)

  Accrued
May 31,
2013(2)
   

 

Six Months Ended November 30, 2013

    Accrued
November 30,
2013(2)
    Total
Costs
Accrued
to Date
    Total
Expected
Program
Costs
 
    Initial
Costs(3)
    Adj.  to
Cost(4)
    Cash
Payments
    Others(5)        

Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan(1)

               

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions

  $ 16      $ 36     $ (4 )   $ (36 )   $      $ 12      $ 109      $ 158   

Software license updates and product support

    1        8             (7 )            2        15        24   

Hardware systems business

    24        29       (6 )     (34 )     1        14        117        238   

Services

    18        24       (4 )     (23 )            15        87        166   

General and administrative and other

    12        21       (5 )     (17 )     2        13        96        119   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan

  $ 71      $ 118     $ (19 )   $ (117 )   $ 3      $ 56      $ 424      $ 705   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other restructuring plans(6)

  $ 179      $ 16     $ (7 )   $ (30 )   $ (12   $ 146       
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

     

Total restructuring plans

  $ 250      $ 134     $ (26 )   $ (147 )   $ (9   $ 202       
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

(1) 

Restructuring costs recorded for individual line items presented related to employee severance costs.

 

(2) 

The balances at November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013 included $120 million and $160 million, respectively, recorded in other current liabilities, and $82 million and $90 million, respectively, recorded in other non-current liabilities.

 

(3) 

Costs recorded for the respective restructuring plans during the current period presented.

 

(4) 

All plan adjustments were changes in estimates whereby increases and decreases in costs were generally recorded to operating expenses in the period of adjustments.

 

(5) 

Represents foreign currency translation and certain other adjustments.

 

(6) 

Other restructuring plans presented in the table above included condensed information for other Oracle-based plans and other plans associated with certain of our acquisitions whereby we continued to make cash outlays to settle obligations under these plans during the period presented but for which the current impact to our consolidated statements of operations was not significant.

 

8. DEFERRED REVENUES

Deferred revenues consisted of the following:

 

(in millions)

   November 30,
2013
     May 31,
2013
 

Software license updates and product support

   $ 5,415       $   5,705   

Hardware systems support and other

     611         706   

Services

     337         381   

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions

     304         326   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred revenues, current

     6,667         7,118   

Deferred revenues, non-current (in other non-current liabilities)

     344         312   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred revenues

   $ 7,011       $ 7,430   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred software license updates and product support revenues and deferred hardware systems support revenues represent customer payments made in advance for support contracts that are typically billed on a per annum basis in advance with corresponding revenues being recognized ratably over the support periods. Deferred services revenues include prepayments for our services business and revenues for these services are generally recognized as the services are performed. Deferred new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues typically result from undelivered products or specified enhancements, customer specific acceptance provisions, customer payments

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

made in advance for time-based arrangements including cloud software subscriptions offerings that are typically billed in advance and recognized over the corresponding contractual term, and software license transactions that cannot be segmented from undelivered consulting or other services.

In connection with our acquisitions, we have estimated the fair values of the cloud software subscriptions, software license updates and product support, and hardware systems support obligations assumed from our acquired companies. We have estimated the fair values of the obligations assumed using a cost build-up approach. The cost build-up approach determines fair value by estimating the costs related to fulfilling the obligations plus a normal profit margin. The sum of the costs and operating profit approximates, in theory, the amount that we would be required to pay a third party to assume the acquired obligations. The aforementioned fair value adjustments recorded for obligations assumed from our acquisitions reduced the new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions, software license updates and product support and hardware systems support deferred revenues balances that we recorded as liabilities from these acquisitions and also reduced the resulting revenues that we recognized or will recognize over the terms of the acquired obligations during the post-combination periods.

 

9. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Fair Value HedgesInterest Rate Swap Agreements

In July 2013, we entered into certain interest rate swap agreements that have the economic effect of modifying the fixed interest obligations associated with our 2019 Notes so that the interest payable on these senior notes effectively became variable based on LIBOR. In September 2009, we entered into certain interest rate swap agreements that have the economic effect of modifying the fixed interest obligations associated with our 3.75% senior notes due July 2014 (2014 Notes) so that the interest payable on these notes effectively became variable based on LIBOR. The critical terms of the interest rate swap agreements and the 2019 Notes and 2014 Notes that the interest rate swap agreements pertain to match, including the notional amounts and maturity dates.

We have designated the aforementioned interest rate swap agreements as qualifying hedging instruments and are accounting for them as fair value hedges pursuant to ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (ASC 815). These transactions are characterized as fair value hedges for financial accounting purposes because they protect us against changes in the fair values of certain of our fixed rate borrowings due to benchmark interest rate movements. The changes in fair values of these interest rate swap agreements are recognized as interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations with the corresponding amounts included in prepaid expenses and other current assets or other current liabilities for the 2014 Notes, and other assets or other non-current liabilities for the 2019 Notes in our consolidated balance sheets. The amount of net gain (loss) attributable to the risk being hedged is recognized as interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations with the corresponding amount included in notes payable, current and other current borrowings for the 2014 Notes, and notes payable and other non-current borrowings for the 2019 Notes. The periodic interest settlements for the interest rate swap agreements for the 2014 Notes and 2019 Notes are recorded as interest expense.

We do not use any interest rate swap agreements for trading purposes.

Cash Flow HedgesCross Currency Swap Agreements

In connection with the issuance of the 2021 Notes, we entered into certain cross-currency swap agreements to manage the related foreign currency exchange risk by effectively converting the fixed-rate, Euro denominated 2021 Notes, including the annual interest payments and the payment of principal at maturity, to fixed-rate, U.S. Dollar denominated debt. The economic effect of the swap agreements was to eliminate the uncertainty of the cash flows in U.S. Dollars associated with the 2021 Notes by fixing the principal amount of the 2021 Notes at $1.6 billion with a fixed annual interest rate of 3.53%. We have designated these cross-currency swap agreements as qualifying hedging instruments and are accounting for these as cash flow hedges pursuant to ASC 815. The

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

critical terms of the cross-currency swap agreements correspond to the 2021 Notes, including the annual interest payments being hedged, and the cross-currency swap agreements mature at the same time as the 2021 Notes.

We used the hypothetical derivative method to measure the effectiveness of our cross-currency swap agreements. The fair values of these cross-currency swap agreements are recognized as other assets or other non-current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. The effective portions of the changes in fair values of these cross-currency swap agreements are reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss in our consolidated balance sheets and an amount is reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss into non-operating income, net in the same period that the carrying value of the Euro denominated 2021 Notes is remeasured and the interest expense is recognized. The ineffective portion of the unrealized gains and losses on these cross-currency swaps, if any, is recorded immediately to non-operating income, net. We evaluate the effectiveness of our cross-currency swap agreements on a quarterly basis. We did not record any ineffectiveness for the six months ended November 30, 2013.

We do not use any cross-currency swap agreements for trading purposes.

Net Investment HedgeForeign Currency Borrowings

In July 2013, we designated our Euro denominated 2025 Notes as a net investment hedge of our investments in certain of our international subsidiaries that use the Euro as their functional currency in order to reduce the volatility in stockholders’ equity caused by the changes in foreign currency exchange rates of the Euro with respect to the U.S. Dollar.

We used the spot method to measure the effectiveness of our net investment hedge. Under this method, for each reporting period, the change in the carrying value of the Euro denominated 2025 Notes due to remeasurement of the effective portion is reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss on our consolidated balance sheet and the remaining change in the carrying value of the ineffective portion, if any, is recognized in non-operating income, net in our consolidated statements of operations. We evaluate the effectiveness of our net investment hedge at the beginning of every quarter. We did not record any ineffectiveness for the six months ended November 30, 2013.

Foreign Currency Forward Contracts Not Designated as Hedges

We transact business in various foreign currencies and have established a program that primarily utilizes foreign currency forward contracts to offset the risks associated with the effects of certain foreign currency exposures. We neither use these foreign currency forward contracts for trading purposes nor do we designate these forward contracts as hedging instruments pursuant to ASC 815 (refer to Note 11 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 for additional information regarding these contracts). As of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, respectively, the notional amounts of the forward contracts we held to purchase U.S. Dollars in exchange for other major international currencies were $3.2 billion and $3.0 billion, respectively, and the notional amounts of forward contracts we held to sell U.S. Dollars in exchange for other major international currencies were $719 million and $1.1 billion, respectively. As of November 30, 2013, the notional amount of forward contracts we held to sell certain other currencies, except U.S. Dollars, in exchange for Indian Rupees was a U.S. dollar equivalent of $64 million (none as of May 31, 2013). The fair values of our outstanding foreign currency forward contracts were nominal at November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013. Included in our non-operating income, net were $77 million and $9 million of net losses related to these forward contracts for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013, respectively, and $18 million and $51 million of net losses for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, respectively.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

The effects of derivative and non-derivative instruments designated as hedges on our consolidated financial statements were as follows as of or for each of the respective periods presented below (amounts presented exclude any income tax effects):

Fair Values of Derivative and Non-Derivative Instruments Designated as Hedges in Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   

November 30, 2013

   

May 31, 2013

 

(in millions)

 

Balance Sheet Location

  Fair Value    

Balance Sheet Location

  Fair Value  

Interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges

 

Other assets

  $ 15      Not applicable   $   
   

 

 

     

 

 

 

Interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

  $ 25      Other assets   $ 41   
   

 

 

     

 

 

 

Cross-currency swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges

 

Other assets

  $ 48      Not applicable   $   
   

 

 

     

 

 

 

Foreign currency borrowings designated as net investment hedge

 

Notes payable and other non-current borrowings

  $ (1,040   Not applicable   $   
   

 

 

     

 

 

 

Effects of Derivative and Non-Derivative Instruments Designated as Hedges on Income and Other Comprehensive Loss (OCL)

 

     Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in
Accumulated OCL (Effective  Portion)
   

Location and Amount of Gain Reclassified from
Accumulated OCL into Income  (Effective Portion)

 

(in millions)

   Three Months Ended
November 30, 2013
    Six Months Ended
November 30, 2013
         Three Months Ended
November 30, 2013
     Six Months Ended
November 30, 2013
 

Cross-currency swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges

   $ 46     $ 48     

Non-operating income, net

   $ 22      $ 56   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

 

Foreign currency borrowings designated as net investment hedge

   $ (14 )   $ (27  

Not applicable

   $       $   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

   

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)

Recognized in Income on Derivative

   

Location and Amount of (Loss) Gain on Hedged Item

Recognized in Income Attributable to Risk Being Hedged

 
        Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
        Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

           2013               2012               2013               2012                   2013               2012               2013               2012       

Interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges

 

Interest
expense

  $ 22     $ (8   $ (1 )   $ (12  

Interest
expense

  $ (22 )   $ 8     $ 1     $ 12   
   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

10. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Stock Repurchases

Our Board of Directors has approved a program for us to repurchase shares of our common stock. On June 20, 2013, we announced that our Board of Directors approved an expansion of our stock repurchase program by an additional $12.0 billion. Approximately $8.3 billion remained available for stock repurchases as of November 30, 2013, pursuant to our stock repurchase program. We repurchased 176.1 million shares for $5.8 billion during the six months ended November 30, 2013 (including 2.7 million shares for $97 million that were repurchased but not settled) and 200.3 million shares for $6.1 billion during the six months ended November 30, 2012 under the stock repurchase program.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Our stock repurchase authorization does not have an expiration date and the pace of our repurchase activity will depend on factors such as our working capital needs, our cash requirements for acquisitions and dividend payments, our debt repayment obligations or repurchase of our debt, our stock price, and economic and market conditions. Our stock repurchases may be effected from time to time through open market purchases or pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan. Our stock repurchase program may be accelerated, suspended, delayed or discontinued at any time.

Dividends on Common Stock

During the six months ended November 30, 2013, our Board of Directors declared cash dividends of $0.24 per share of our outstanding common stock, which we paid during the same period.

In December 2013, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share of our outstanding common stock payable on January 28, 2014 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on January 7, 2014. Future declarations of dividends and the establishment of future record and payment dates are subject to the final determination of our Board of Directors.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense and Valuation of Stock Options

Stock-based compensation is included in the following operating expense line items in our condensed consolidated statements of operations:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

       2013              2012              2013              2012      

Sales and marketing

   $ 39      $ 43      $ 81      $ 81   

Software license updates and product support

     5        5        11        10   

Hardware systems products

     1        1        3        1   

Hardware systems support

     1        1        3        2   

Services

     7        8        13        17   

Research and development

     87        89        184        172   

General and administrative

     42        41        83        82   

Acquisition related and other

     1        4        4        21   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 183      $ 192      $ 382      $ 386   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the first half of fiscal 2014, we issued 120 million stock options (including our annual grant of stock options in our first quarter of fiscal 2014 and certain stock options assumed from companies that we acquired). These stock option-based award issuances were partially offset by forfeitures and cancellations of 17 million shares during the first half of fiscal 2014.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

We estimate the fair values of our share-based payments using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, which was developed for use in estimating the fair values of stock options. Option valuation models, including the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, require the input of assumptions, including stock price volatility. Changes in the input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimates and ultimately how much we recognize as stock-based compensation expense. We recognize stock-based compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the service period of the award, which is generally four years. The fair values of our stock options were estimated at the grant dates or at the acquisition dates for options assumed in a business combination. The weighted average input assumptions used and resulting fair values of our stock options were as follows for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
         2013              2012              2013              2012      

Expected life (in years)

     4.7        4.7        5.1        5.1   

Risk-free interest rate

     1.3%        0.6%        1.4%        0.7%   

Volatility

     24%        30%        27%        31%   

Dividend yield

     1.5%        0.8%        1.6%        0.8%   

Weighted-average fair value per share

   $ 6.28      $ 11.66      $ 6.62      $ 7.99   

The expected life input is based on historical exercise patterns and post-vesting termination behavior, the risk-free interest rate input is based on U.S. Treasury instruments, the annualized dividend yield input is based on the per share dividend declared by our Board of Directors and the volatility input is calculated based on the implied volatility of our publicly traded options.

 

11. INCOME TAXES

The effective tax rate for the periods presented is the result of the mix of income earned in various tax jurisdictions that apply a broad range of income tax rates. Our provision for income taxes differs from the tax computed at the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate due primarily to certain earnings considered as indefinitely reinvested in foreign operations, state taxes, the U.S. research and development tax credit, acquisition related settlements with tax authorities and the U.S. domestic production activity deduction. Our effective tax rate was 20.3% and 19.1% for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013, respectively, and 21.3% and 22.9% for the three and six months ended November 30, 2012, respectively.

Our net deferred tax assets were $1.4 billion and $1.5 billion as of November 30, 2013 and May 31, 2013, respectively. We believe it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized in the foreseeable future. Realization of our net deferred tax assets is dependent upon our generation of sufficient taxable income in future years in appropriate tax jurisdictions to obtain benefit from the reversal of temporary differences, net operating loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards. The amount of net deferred tax assets considered realizable is subject to adjustment in future periods if estimates of future taxable income change.

Domestically, U.S. federal and state taxing authorities are currently examining income tax returns of Oracle and various acquired entities for years through fiscal 2012. Our U.S. federal and, with some exceptions, our state income tax returns have been examined for all years prior to fiscal 2000 and we are no longer subject to audit for those periods.

Internationally, tax authorities for numerous non-U.S. jurisdictions are also examining returns affecting our unrecognized tax benefits. With some exceptions, we are generally no longer subject to tax examinations in non-U.S. jurisdictions for years prior to fiscal 1998.

We believe that we have adequately provided for any reasonably foreseeable outcomes related to our tax audits and that any settlement will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations. However, there can be no assurances as to the possible outcomes.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

12. SEGMENT INFORMATION

ASC 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer. We are organized geographically and by line of business. While our Chief Executive Officer evaluates results in a number of different ways, the line of business management structure is the primary basis for which the allocation of resources and financial results are assessed. We have three businesses—software, hardware systems and services—which are further divided into certain operating segments. Our software business is comprised of two operating segments: (1) new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions and (2) software license updates and product support. Our hardware systems business is comprised of two operating segments: (1) hardware systems products and (2) hardware systems support. All other operating segments are combined under our services business.

The new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions line of business is engaged in licensing our database and middleware software and our applications software, and providing access to a broad range of our software offerings on a subscription basis through a cloud-based computing environment. Database and middleware software generally include database and database management software; application server and cloud application software; Service-Oriented Architecture and business process management software; business intelligence software; identity and access management software; data integration software; web experience management, portals, content management and social network software; and development tools. Our database and middleware software product offerings also include Java, which is a global software development platform used in a wide range of computers, networks and devices. Applications software provides enterprise information that enables companies to manage and automate core business functions. Oracle Applications address specific business and industry requirements including human capital and talent management; customer experience and customer relationship management; financial management and governance, risk and compliance; procurement; project portfolio management; supply chain management; business analytics and enterprise performance management; and industry-specific applications. Oracle Cloud is a comprehensive set of cloud service offerings that is designed to provide customers and partners with access to application services, social networking services, platform services and common infrastructure services on a subscription basis that we manage, host and support.

The software license updates and product support line of business provides customers with rights to software product upgrades and maintenance releases, patches released, internet access to technical content, as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel during the support period.

The hardware systems products line of business consists primarily of servers, storage, networking, virtualization software, operating systems including the Oracle Solaris Operating System and management software to support diverse information technology (IT) environments, including public and private cloud computing environments. As a part of this line of business, we offer our Oracle Engineered Systems, including Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud, Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine, Oracle SPARC SuperCluster, Oracle Database Appliance, and Oracle Big Data Appliance, which are the core building blocks for Oracle’s data center and cloud computing products and services.

Our hardware systems support line of business provides customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our server and storage products, such as Oracle Solaris and certain other software products, and can include product repairs, maintenance services and technical support services.

Our services business is comprised of the remainder of our operating segments and offers consulting, managed cloud services and education services. Our consulting line of business primarily provides services to customers in

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

business and IT strategy alignment, enterprise architecture planning and design, initial product implementation and integration and ongoing product enhancements and upgrades. Oracle managed cloud services provide comprehensive software and hardware management and maintenance services including deployment, management, monitoring, patching, security and upgrade services for customers hosted at our Oracle data center facilities, select partner data centers, or physically on-premise at customer facilities. Additionally, we provide support services, both on-premise and remote, to our customers to enable increased performance and higher availability of their products and services. Education services provide training to customers, partners and employees as a part of our mission of accelerating the adoption and use of our software and hardware products and to create opportunities to grow our product revenues.

We do not track our assets by operating segments. Consequently, it is not practical to show assets by operating segment.

Certain costs have been reclassified in the presentation of our segment reporting for the fiscal 2013 periods presented to align with our current line of business management structure.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

The following table presents summary results for each of our three businesses and for the operating segments of our software and hardware systems businesses:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

   2013      2012      2013      2012  

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 2,378       $ 2,398       $ 4,031      $ 3,987   

Sales and distribution expenses

     1,490         1,316         2,763        2,439   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 888       $ 1,082       $ 1,268      $ 1,548   

Software license updates and product support:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 4,517       $ 4,264       $ 8,949      $ 8,408   

Software license updates and product support expenses

     273         256         548        524   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 4,244       $ 4,008       $ 8,401      $ 7,884   

Total software business:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 6,895       $ 6,662       $ 12,980      $ 12,395   

Expenses

     1,763         1,572         3,311        2,963   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 5,132       $ 5,090       $ 9,669      $ 9,432   

Hardware systems products:

           

Revenues

   $ 714       $ 734       $ 1,383      $ 1,513   

Hardware systems products expenses

     369         366         697        750   

Sales and distribution expenses

     243         213         461        431   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 102       $ 155       $ 225      $ 332   

Hardware systems support:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 613       $ 590       $ 1,211      $ 1,169   

Hardware systems support expenses

     205         222         407        435   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 408       $ 368       $ 804      $ 734   

Total hardware systems business:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 1,327       $ 1,324       $ 2,594      $ 2,682   

Expenses

     817         801         1,565        1,616   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 510       $ 523       $ 1,029      $ 1,066   

Total services business:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 1,061       $ 1,127       $ 2,091      $ 2,245   

Services expenses

     818         894         1,592        1,743   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $ 243       $ 233       $ 499      $ 502   

Totals:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 9,283       $ 9,113       $ 17,665      $ 17,322   

Expenses

     3,398         3,267         6,468        6,322   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin(2)

   $   5,885       $   5,846       $   11,197      $   11,000   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

Operating segment revenues generally differ from the external reporting classifications due to certain software license products that are classified as service revenues for management reporting purposes. New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues for management reporting included revenues related to cloud software subscriptions contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in the amounts of $3 million and $12 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $7 million and $31 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Software license updates and product support revenues for management reporting included revenues related to software support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

  businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in the amounts of $1 million and $4 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $1 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $4 million and $3 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $10 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. See Note 8 for an explanation of these adjustments and the table below for a reconciliation of our total operating segment revenues to our total revenues.

 

(2)

The margins reported reflect only the direct controllable costs of each line of business and do not include allocations of product development, marketing and partner programs, and corporate, general and administrative and information technology expenses. Additionally, the margins do not reflect amortization of intangible assets, acquisition related and other expenses, restructuring expenses, stock-based compensation, interest expense or certain other expenses, net.

The following table reconciles total operating segment revenues to total revenues as well as total operating segment margin to income before provision for income taxes:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Total revenues for operating segments

   $ 9,283     $ 9,113      $ 17,665     $   17,322   

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues(1)

     (3 )     (12     (7 )     (31

Software license updates and product support revenues(1)

     (1 )     (4     (1 )     (8

Hardware systems support revenues(1)

     (4 )     (3     (10 )     (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 9,275     $ 9,094      $ 17,647     $ 17,275   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total margin for operating segments

   $ 5,885     $ 5,846      $ 11,197     $ 11,000   

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues(1)

     (3 )     (12     (7 )     (31

Software license updates and product support revenues(1)

     (1 )     (4     (1 )     (8

Hardware systems support revenues(1)

     (4 )     (3     (10 )     (8

Product development

     (1,139 )     (1,063     (2,236 )     (2,138

Marketing and partner program expenses

     (146 )     (162     (277 )     (290

Corporate, general and administrative and information technology expenses

     (354 )     (349     (699 )     (712

Amortization of intangible assets

     (577 )     (584     (1,172 )     (1,203

Acquisition related and other

     (17 )     121        (27 )     380   

Restructuring

     (52 )     (131     (108 )     (276

Stock-based compensation

     (182 )     (188     (378 )     (365

Interest expense

     (230 )     (195     (446 )     (382

Other, net

     23       4        30       15   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision for income taxes

   $ 3,203     $ 3,280      $ 5,866     $ 5,982   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues for management reporting included revenues related to cloud software subscriptions contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in the amounts of $3 million and $12 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $7 million and $31 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Software license updates and product support revenues for management reporting included revenues related to software support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in the amounts of $1 million and $4 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $1 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $4 million and $3 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $10 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. See Note 8 for an explanation of these adjustments.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

13. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options, restricted stock-based awards and shares issuable under the employee stock purchase plan using the treasury stock method. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions, except per share data)

   2013      2012      2013      2012  

Net income

   $   2,553       $   2,581       $ 4,744      $   4,615   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     4,535         4,792         4,571        4,829   

Dilutive effect of employee stock plans

     65         76         66        75   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Dilutive weighted average common shares outstanding

     4,600         4,868         4,637        4,904   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.56       $ 0.54       $ 1.04      $ 0.96   

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.56       $ 0.53       $ 1.02      $ 0.94   

Shares subject to anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock-based awards excluded from calculation(1)

     182         223         297        206   

 

(1)

These weighted shares relate to anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock-based awards as calculated using the treasury stock method and could be dilutive in the future.

 

14. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

SAP Intellectual Property Litigation

On March 22, 2007, Oracle Corporation, Oracle USA, Inc. and Oracle International Corporation (collectively, Oracle) filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against SAP AG, its wholly-owned subsidiary, SAP America, Inc., and its wholly-owned subsidiary, TomorrowNow, Inc., (the SAP Subsidiary, and collectively, the SAP Defendants) alleging that SAP unlawfully accessed Oracle’s Customer Connection support website and improperly took and used Oracle’s intellectual property.

Trial commenced on November 1, 2010 on the issue of damages, as SAP had stipulated to liability. The jury awarded Oracle $1.3 billion. On September 1, 2011, the court granted the SAP Defendants’ motion for judgment as a matter of law and for a new trial. The court vacated the $1.3 billion award and held that Oracle could either accept a reduced amount or remittitur of $272 million or proceed to a new trial. On February 6, 2012, Oracle rejected the remittitur and requested a new trial.

On August 2, 2012, Oracle and the SAP Defendants stipulated to a judgment of $306 million against the SAP Defendants, in lieu of having a second jury trial, while preserving both parties’ rights to appeal prior court orders. We recorded a $306 million non-current receivable, included in other assets, in our consolidated balance sheet and we recognized a corresponding benefit to our results of operations for the first quarter of fiscal 2013. Previously during trial we received payment of $120 million in attorneys’ fees from SAP under a stipulation, and we recorded this payment upon receipt as a benefit to our results of operations during the second quarter of fiscal 2011. On August 3, 2012, the court entered the judgment and vacated the date set for the new trial. Oracle filed a Notice of Appeal on August 31, 2012, and the SAP Defendants filed a notice of appeal on September 14, 2012. The SAP Defendants subsequently dismissed their appeal. Oracle’s appeal has been fully briefed. The appellate court has not yet scheduled a date for oral argument.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

Hewlett-Packard Company Litigation

On June 15, 2011, Hewlett-Packard Company (“HP”) filed a complaint in the California Superior Court, County of Santa Clara against Oracle Corporation alleging numerous causes of action including breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, defamation, intentional interference with prospective economic advantage, and violation of the California Unfair Business Practices Act. The complaint alleged that when Oracle announced on March 22 and 23, 2011 that it would no longer develop future versions of its software to run on HP’s Itanium-based servers, it breached a settlement agreement signed on September 20, 2010 between HP and Mark Hurd (the “Hurd Settlement Agreement”), who was both HP’s former chief executive officer and chairman of HP’s board of directors. HP sought a judicial declaration of the parties’ rights and obligations under the Hurd Settlement Agreement, and other equitable and monetary relief.

Oracle answered the complaint and filed a cross-complaint, which was amended on December 2, 2011. The amended cross-complaint alleged claims including violation of the Lanham Act. Oracle alleged that HP had secretly agreed to pay Intel to continue to develop and manufacture the Itanium microprocessor, and had misrepresented to customers that the Itanium microprocessor had a long roadmap, among other claims. Oracle sought equitable rescission of the Hurd Settlement Agreement, and other equitable and monetary relief.

The court bifurcated the trial and tried HP’s causes of action for declaratory relief and promissory estoppel without a jury in June 2012. The court issued a final statement of decision on August 28, 2012, finding that the Hurd Settlement Agreement required Oracle to continue to develop certain of its software products for use on HP’s Itanium-based servers and to port such products at no cost to HP for as long as HP sells those servers. Oracle has announced that it is appealing this decision. The issues of breach, HP’s performance, causation and damages, HP’s tort claims, and Oracle’s cross-claims will all be tried before a jury. As of April 8, 2013, the trial is stayed pending Oracle’s appeal of the court’s denial of its anti-SLAPP motion, which is fully briefed, although oral argument has not yet been scheduled. We cannot currently estimate a reasonably possible range of loss for this action. We believe that we have meritorious defenses against this action, and we will continue to vigorously defend it.

Derivative Litigations and Related Action

Various stockholder derivative lawsuits were filed against Oracle and certain former and current directors in connection with a qui tam lawsuit that had been filed against Oracle in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The qui tam action alleged that Oracle made false statements to the General Services Administration (GSA) in 1997-1998 while negotiating its GSA contract, among other claims. Oracle settled this action without admitting liability, and the case was dismissed on October 11, 2011. The following stockholder derivative actions were filed, claiming that the named officer and director defendants were responsible for certain alleged conduct in the qui tam action and thereby exposing Oracle to reputational damage, monetary damages and costs and asserting claims for breach of fiduciary duty, abuse of control and unjust enrichment: on August 2, 2010, a stockholder derivative lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California; on August 19, 2010, a similar stockholder derivative lawsuit was filed in California Superior Court, County of San Mateo; and on September 8, 2011, another stockholder derivative lawsuit was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The first two derivative actions were consolidated, but pursuant to a motion by Oracle, they were dismissed on November 11, 2011, with leave to plaintiffs to amend. No amended complaint was filed.

On September 12, 2011, two alleged stockholders of Oracle filed a Verified Petition for Writ of Mandate for Inspection of Corporate Books and Records in California Superior Court, County of San Mateo. The petition originally named as respondents Oracle and two of our officers, both of whom were subsequently dismissed. The alleged stockholders claimed that they were investigating alleged corporate mismanagement relating to the claims in the qui tam action, and asked the court to compel the inspection of certain of Oracle’s accounting books and records and minutes of meetings of the stockholders, our Board of Directors and the committees of our Board

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

November 30, 2013

(Unaudited)

 

of Directors, related to those allegations, plus expenses of the audit and attorneys’ fees. At a hearing on November 10, 2011, the court granted the alleged stockholders’ request for a Writ of Mandate, which was confirmed in a judgment on December 12, 2011. Oracle filed a notice of appeal on February 2, 2012.

The derivative and Writ of Mandate actions discussed above have been settled and are now concluded. On September 26, 2013, the United States District Court held a final fairness hearing and approved the settlement, and on September 30, 2013, the court dismissed with prejudice the derivative cases discussed above. On November 5, 2013, the San Mateo Superior Court entered an order vacating its December 12, 2011, judgment and dismissing the Verified Petition for Writ of Mandate. Under the settlement, Oracle will continue or implement certain corporate governance measures, which shall remain in place for three years, and Oracle paid plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees and costs of $1.9 million.

On September 30, 2011, a stockholder derivative lawsuit was filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery and a second stockholder was permitted to intervene as a plaintiff on November 15, 2011. At an August 22, 2012, hearing, the court dismissed certain claims but permitted certain claims for breach of fiduciary duty to proceed. On May 3, 2013, plaintiffs filed an amended complaint. The derivative suit is brought by two alleged stockholders of Oracle, purportedly on Oracle’s behalf, against one former director and all but two of our current directors, including against our Chief Executive Officer as an alleged controlling stockholder. Plaintiffs allege that Oracle’s directors breached their fiduciary duties in agreeing to purchase Pillar Data Systems, Inc. at an excessive price. Oracle’s acquisition of Pillar is structured as an earn out, under which Oracle is scheduled to make a single payment, if any, by November 30, 2014, to Pillar’s former shareholders based on an agreed-upon earn-out formula. Plaintiffs seek declaratory relief, rescission of the Pillar Data transaction, damages, disgorgement of our Chief Executive Officer’s alleged profits, disgorgement of all compensation earned by defendants as a result of their service on Oracle’s Board or any committee of the Board, and an award of attorneys’ fees and costs.

On September 19, 2013, the defendants in the Pillar derivative case filed a third-party complaint against Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s, London, Syndicates 623 and 2623 (“Beazley”), who had issued a directors’ and officers’ insurance policy to Oracle. The third-party complaint alleged that Beazley improperly denied coverage by refusing to pay a reasonable amount to settle the derivative case. The third-party complaint seeks declaratory relief, damages, and attorneys’ fees and costs. On October 2, 2013, plaintiffs and defendants in the Pillar derivative case filed a Stipulation and Agreement of Compromise, Settlement and Release, under which our Chief Executive Officer agreed to pay to Oracle 95% of any and all amounts, if any, that are paid to him under the Pillar earn out. The settlement is subject to approval by the Delaware Chancery Court. The settlement also is expressly conditioned on Beazley’s agreeing to pay, or Beazley’s being ordered by a court to pay, any plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees and costs awarded by the Court by April 1, 2014. Beazley filed a motion to dismiss the third-party complaint, and the defendants filed a motion for partial summary judgment, seeking a declaration that Beazley is obligated to pay on behalf of Oracle’s directors an award of plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees and costs up to the insurance policy’s $20 million limit. Both motions are fully briefed, and oral argument has been scheduled for January 8, 2014.

Because of the parties’ conditional settlement, the court canceled the derivative trial that had been scheduled for November 18 to 22, 2013.

While the outcome of the derivative litigation and the related action noted above cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not believe that the outcome of any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will result in losses that are materially in excess of amounts already recognized, if any.

Other Litigation

We are party to various other legal proceedings and claims, either asserted or unasserted, which arise in the ordinary course of business, including proceedings and claims that relate to acquisitions we have completed or to companies we have acquired or are attempting to acquire. While the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not believe that the outcome of any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will result in losses that are materially in excess of amounts already recognized, if any.

 

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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

We begin Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations with an overview of our key operating business segments and significant trends. This overview is followed by a summary of our critical accounting policies and estimates that we believe are important to understanding the assumptions and judgments incorporated in our reported financial results. We then provide a more detailed analysis of our results of operations and financial condition.

Business Overview

We are the world’s largest provider of enterprise software and a leading provider of computer hardware products and services that are engineered to work together in the cloud and in the data center. We are a leader in the core technologies of cloud computing, including database and middleware as well as web-based applications, virtualization, clustering and large-scale systems management. We provide cloud services as well as software and hardware products to other cloud service providers, both public and private. Oracle database and middleware software, applications software and hardware systems—including computer server, storage and networking products—are the building blocks of our own cloud services, our partners’ cloud services and our customers’ private cloud environments. Our customers can subscribe to use select Oracle software and hardware products through our cloud offerings, or purchase our software and hardware products and related services to build their own cloud or on-premise information technology (IT) environments. Our strategy is to deliver reliable and scalable products and services that are built upon industry standards and are engineered to work together or independently. We also pursue new or emerging growth opportunities in order to maintain technology leadership. Offering customers a choice in how they use our products and services—while maintaining enterprise-grade reliability, security, and interoperability—is important to our corporate strategy.

We believe that internal growth and continued innovation with respect to our software, hardware and services businesses are the foundation of our long-term strategic plans. We continue to focus the engineering of our hardware and software products to make them work together more effectively and deliver improved computing performance, reliability and security to our customers. For example, Oracle Engineered Systems, which include our Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud and Oracle SPARC SuperCluster products, among others, combine certain of our hardware and software offerings in a way that increases computing performance relative to our competitors’ products, creating time savings, efficiencies and operational cost advantages for our customers. With products that are engineered to work together, our customers can reduce much of the complexity of IT and make available resources they would otherwise spend on IT operations. In addition to our introductions of new, innovative hardware and software products, we also continue to demonstrate our commitment to customer choice through ongoing enhancements to our existing products, including our Oracle E-Business Suite, Siebel, PeopleSoft and JD Edwards applications software products.

We believe that an active acquisition program is another important element of our corporate strategy as it enhances the products and services that we can offer to customers, expands our customer base, provides greater scale to accelerate innovation, grows our revenues and earnings and increases stockholder value. In recent years, we have invested billions of dollars to acquire a number of companies, products, services and technologies that add to, are complementary to, or have otherwise enhanced our existing offerings. We expect to continue to acquire companies, products, services and technologies to further our corporate strategy.

We are organized into three businesses—software, hardware systems and services—which are further divided into certain operating segments. Each of our businesses and operating segments has unique characteristics and faces different opportunities and challenges. An overview of our three businesses and related operating segments follows.

Software Business

Our software business, which represented 75% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, is comprised of two operating segments: (1) new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions and (2) software license updates and product support. On a constant currency basis, we expect that our software business’ total revenues generally will continue to increase due to continued demand for our software products and subscription offerings,

 

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our software license updates and product support offerings, including the high percentage of customers that renew their software license updates and product support contracts, and our acquisitions, which should allow us to grow our profits and continue to make investments in research and development.

New Software Licenses and Cloud Software Subscriptions:    We license our database and middleware, as well as our applications software, and provide access to a broad range of our software offerings through cloud software subscriptions contracts. Our software solutions are substantially built on a standards-based, integrated architecture that is designed to help customers reduce the cost and complexity of their IT infrastructure. Our software products are substantially designed to operate on both single server and clustered server configurations for cloud or on-premise IT environments, and to support a choice of operating systems including Oracle Solaris, Oracle Linux, Microsoft Windows and third party UNIX products, among others. Our customers include businesses of many sizes, government agencies, educational institutions and resellers. We market and sell our software products and services to these customers with a sales force positioned to offer the combinations that best fit their needs. We enable customers to evolve and transform to substantially any IT environment at whatever pace is most appropriate for them.

The growth in new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues that we report is affected by the strength of general economic and business conditions, governmental budgetary constraints, the competitive position of our software offerings, our acquisitions and foreign currency fluctuations. The substantial majority of our new software licenses transactions are characterized by long sales cycles and the timing of a few large software license transactions can substantially affect our quarterly new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues. Since our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues in a particular quarter can be difficult to predict as a result of the timing of a few large software license transactions, we believe that analysis of new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues on a trailing 4-quarter period provides additional visibility into the underlying performance of this business segment. New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues represented 28% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis. Our cloud software subscriptions contracts are generally one to three years in duration and we strive to renew these contracts when they are eligible for renewal. Our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions segment’s margin has historically trended upward over the course of the four quarters within a particular fiscal year due to the historical upward trend of our new software licenses revenues over those quarterly periods and because the majority of our costs for this segment are predominantly fixed in the short-term. However, our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions segment’s margin has been and will continue to be affected by the fair value adjustments relating to the cloud software subscriptions obligations that we assumed in our business combinations (described further below) and by the amortization of intangible assets associated with companies and technologies that we have acquired.

For certain of our acquired businesses, we recorded adjustments to reduce cloud software subscriptions obligations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. As a result, as required by business combination accounting rules, we did not recognize cloud software subscriptions revenues related to cloud software subscriptions contracts that would have been otherwise recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $3 million and $12 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $7 million and $31 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. To the extent underlying cloud software subscriptions contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the cloud software subscriptions contracts over their respective contractual periods.

Software License Updates and Product Support:    Customers that purchase software license updates and product support are granted rights to unspecified product upgrades and maintenance releases and patches released during the term of the support period, as well as technical support assistance. Our software license updates and product support contracts are generally one year in duration and substantially all of our customers renew their software license updates and product support contracts annually. The growth of software license updates and product support revenues is primarily influenced by three factors: (1) the percentage of our software support contract customer base that renews its software support contracts, (2) the amount of new software support contracts sold in connection with the sale of new software licenses and (3) the amount of software support contracts assumed from companies we have acquired.

 

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Software license updates and product support revenues, which represented 47% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, is our highest margin business unit. Our software support margins over the trailing 4-quarters were 89% and accounted for 76% of our total margins over the same period. Our software license updates and product support margins have been affected by fair value adjustments relating to software support obligations assumed in business combinations (described further below) and by amortization of intangible assets. However, over the longer term, we believe that software license updates and product support revenues and margins will grow for the following reasons:

 

   

substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software support contracts when eligible for renewal;

 

   

substantially all of our customers purchase software license updates and product support contracts when they buy new software licenses, resulting in a further increase in our software support contract base. Even if new software licenses revenues growth was flat, software license updates and product support revenues would continue to grow in comparison to the corresponding prior year periods assuming contract renewal and cancellation rates and foreign currency rates remained relatively constant since substantially all new software licenses transactions result in the sale of software license updates and product support contracts, which add to our software support contract base; and

 

   

our acquisitions have increased our software support contract base, as well as the portfolio of products available to be licensed and supported.

We recorded adjustments to reduce software support obligations assumed in business combinations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. As a result, as required by business combination accounting rules, we did not recognize software license updates and product support revenues related to software support contracts that would have been otherwise recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $1 million and $4 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $1 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. To the extent underlying software support contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the software support contracts over the respective support periods, the majority of which are one year.

Hardware Systems Business

Our hardware systems business is comprised of two operating segments: (1) hardware systems products and (2) hardware systems support. Our hardware business represented 14% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis. We expect our hardware business to have lower operating margins as a percentage of revenues than our software business due to the incremental costs we incur to produce and distribute these products and to provide support services, including direct materials and labor costs. We expect to make investments in research and development to improve existing hardware products and services and to develop new hardware products and services.

Hardware Systems Products:    We provide a broad selection of hardware systems and related services including servers, storage, networking, virtualization software, operating systems, and management software to support diverse IT environments, including public and private cloud computing environments. We engineer our hardware systems with virtualization and management capabilities to enable the rapid deployment and efficient management of cloud and on-premise IT infrastructures.

We have also engineered our hardware systems products to create performance and operational cost advantages for customers when our hardware and software products are combined as Oracle Engineered Systems. Oracle Engineered Systems are core building blocks for Oracle’s data center and cloud computing products and services. Oracle Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), an on-premise cloud offering for deploying Oracle’s Engineered Systems to customers on a subscription basis, provides our customers with flexibility in deployment models and allows our customers to cost effectively handle peak computing workloads with capacity on demand.

We offer a wide range of server systems using our SPARC microprocessor. Our SPARC servers run the Oracle Solaris operating system and are differentiated by their reliability, security, and scalability. Our mid-size and

 

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large servers are designed to offer greater performance and lower total cost of ownership than mainframe systems for business critical applications, for customers having more computationally intensive needs, and as platforms for building cloud computing IT environments. Our SPARC servers are also a core component of the Oracle SPARC SuperCluster, one of our Oracle Engineered Systems.

We also offer enterprise x86 servers. These x86 servers are based on microprocessor platforms from Intel Corporation and are also compatible with Oracle Solaris, Oracle Linux, Microsoft Windows and other operating systems. Our x86 systems are also a core component of many of our Oracle Engineered Systems including Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud, Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine and the Oracle Big Data Appliance.

Our storage products are designed to securely manage, protect, archive and restore customers’ mission critical data assets and consist of tape, disk, flash and hardware-related software including file systems software, back-up and archive software and storage management software and networking for mainframe and open systems environments.

Our networking and data center fabric products, including Oracle Virtual Networking, and Oracle InfiniBand and Ethernet technologies, are used with our server and storage products and are integrated into our management tools to help enterprise customers improve infrastructure performance, reduce cost and complexity and simplify storage and server connectivity. We also offer products and services for communications networks including network signaling, policy control and subscriber data management solutions, and session border control technology, amongst others.

The majority of our hardware systems products are sold through indirect channels, including independent distributors and value added resellers.

To produce our hardware products, we rely on both our internal manufacturing operations as well as third party manufacturing partners. Our internal manufacturing operations consist primarily of materials procurement, assembly, testing and quality control of our Oracle Engineered Systems and certain of our enterprise and data center servers and storage systems. For all other manufacturing, we generally rely on third party manufacturing partners to produce our hardware related components and hardware products and we may involve our internal manufacturing operations in the final assembly, testing and quality control processes for these components and products. We distribute most of our hardware products either from our facilities or partner facilities. We strive to reduce costs by simplifying our manufacturing processes through increased standardization of components across product types and a “build-to-order” manufacturing process in which products generally are built only after customers have placed firm orders. We continue to evolve hardware systems support processes that are intended to proactively identify and solve quality issues and to increase the amount of new and renewed hardware systems support contracts sold in connection with the sales of our hardware systems products.

Our hardware systems products revenues, cost of hardware systems products and hardware systems operating margins that we report are affected by our strategy for and the competitive position of our hardware systems products, the strength of general economic and business conditions, governmental budgetary constraints, certain of our acquisitions and foreign currency rate fluctuations. In addition, our operating margins for our hardware systems products segment have been and will be affected by the amortization of intangible assets.

We have limited experience in predicting our quarterly hardware systems products revenues. The timing of customer orders and delays in our ability to timely manufacture or deliver a few large hardware transactions could substantially affect the amount of hardware systems products revenues, expenses and operating margins that we report.

Hardware Systems Support:    Our hardware systems support offerings provide customers with software updates for software components that are essential to the functionality of our server, storage and networking products, such as Oracle Solaris and certain other software products, and can include product repairs, maintenance services and technical support services. Typically, our hardware systems support contract arrangements are invoiced to the customer at the beginning of the support period and are one year in duration. Our hardware systems support revenues that we report are influenced by a number of factors, including the volume of purchases of hardware products, the mix of hardware products purchased, whether customers decide to purchase hardware systems

 

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support contracts at or in close proximity to the time of hardware product sale, the percentage of our hardware systems support contract customer base that renews its support contracts and our acquisitions. Substantially all of these factors are heavily influenced by our customers’ decisions to either maintain or upgrade their existing hardware systems’ infrastructure to newly developed technologies that are available.

Our hardware systems support margins have been and will be affected by certain of our acquisitions and related accounting including fair value adjustments relating to hardware systems support obligations assumed and by the amortization of intangible assets. As required by business combination accounting rules, we recorded adjustments to reduce our hardware systems support revenues for contracts assumed from our acquisitions to their estimated fair values. These amounts would have been recorded as hardware systems support revenues by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $4 million and $3 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $10 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. To the extent underlying hardware systems support contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the hardware systems support contracts over the respective support periods.

Services Business

Our services business is comprised of the remainder of our operating segments and offers consulting services, managed cloud services and education services. Our services business, which represented 11% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, has lower margins than our software and hardware businesses. Our services revenues are impacted by certain of our acquisitions, general economic conditions, governmental budgetary constraints, personnel reductions in our customers’ IT departments, tighter controls over discretionary spending and the growth in our software and hardware systems products revenues.

Our consulting line of business is designed to help our customers more successfully architect and deploy our products. Our consulting services include business and IT strategy alignment, enterprise architecture planning and design, initial product implementation and integration, and ongoing product enhancements and upgrades. The amount of consulting revenues recognized tends to lag the amount of our software and hardware systems products revenues by several quarters since consulting services, if purchased, are typically segmentable from the products to which they relate and are performed after the customer’s purchase of the products. Our services revenues as they relate to consulting services are dependent upon general economic conditions and the level of our product revenues, in particular the new software licenses sales of our application products.

Oracle managed cloud services provide comprehensive software and hardware management and maintenance services—including deployment, management, monitoring, patching, security and upgrade services—for customers hosted at our Oracle data center facilities, select partner data centers or physically on-premise at customer facilities. Additionally, we provide support services, both on-premise and remote, to our customers to enable increased performance and higher availability of their products and services. We believe that our managed cloud services offerings provide our customers with greater value and choice through increased business performance, reduced risk, a predictable cost and more flexibility in terms of service in order to maximize the performance of their Oracle software and hardware products and services.

Education services provide training to customers, partners and employees as a part of our mission of accelerating the adoption and use of our software and hardware products and to create opportunities to grow our product revenues.

Acquisitions

An active acquisition program is another important element of our corporate strategy. In recent years, we have invested billions of dollars to acquire a number of complementary companies, products, services and technologies including Tekelec Global, Inc. (Tekelec) in the first quarter of fiscal 2014 and Acme Packet, Inc. (Acme Packet) in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, amongst others. We believe our acquisition program strengthens our competitive position, enhances the products and services that we can offer to customers, expands our customer base, provides greater scale to accelerate innovation, grows our revenues and earnings and increases stockholder value. We expect to continue to acquire companies, products, services and technologies in

 

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furtherance of our corporate strategy. Note 2 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report provides additional information related to our pending and recent acquisitions.

We believe we can fund our pending and future acquisitions with our internally available cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, cash generated from operations, additional borrowings or from the issuance of additional securities. We estimate the financial impact of any potential acquisition with regard to earnings, operating margin, cash flow and return on invested capital targets before deciding to move forward with an acquisition.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) as set forth in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification (Codification) and consider the various staff accounting bulletins and other applicable guidance issued by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. GAAP, as set forth within the Codification, requires us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. To the extent there are differences between these estimates, judgments or assumptions and actual results, our financial statements will be affected. The accounting policies that reflect our more significant estimates, judgments and assumptions and which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:

 

   

Revenue Recognition

 

   

Business Combinations

 

   

Goodwill and Intangible Assets—Impairment Assessments

 

   

Accounting for Income Taxes

 

   

Legal and Other Contingencies

 

   

Stock-Based Compensation

 

   

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts

In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting among available alternatives would not produce a materially different result. Our senior management has reviewed our critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Finance and Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

During the first half of fiscal 2014, there were no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 provides a more complete discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates.

Results of Operations

Impact of Acquisitions

The comparability of our operating results in the second quarter and first half of fiscal 2014 compared to the same periods of fiscal 2013 is impacted by our acquisitions, primarily our acquisitions of Tekelec in the first quarter of fiscal 2014 and Acme Packet in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.

In our discussion of changes in our results of operations from the second quarter and first half of fiscal 2014 compared to the same periods of fiscal 2013, we quantify the contributions of our acquired products (for the one year period subsequent to the acquisition date) to the growth in new software licenses and cloud software

 

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subscriptions revenues, hardware systems products revenues and hardware systems support revenues. The incremental contributions of our acquisitions to our other businesses and operating segments’ revenues and expenses are not provided as they either were not separately identifiable due to the integration of these operating segments into our existing operations and/or were insignificant to our results of operations during the periods presented.

We caution readers that, while pre- and post-acquisition comparisons, as well as the quantified amounts themselves, may provide indications of general trends, the acquisition information that we provide has inherent limitations for the following reasons:

 

   

the quantifications cannot address the substantial effects attributable to changes in business strategies, including our sales force integration efforts. We believe that if our acquired companies had operated independently and sales forces had not been integrated, the relative mix of products sold would have been different; and

 

   

although substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software license updates and product support contracts when the contracts are eligible for renewal and we strive to renew cloud software subscriptions contracts and hardware systems support contracts, the amounts shown as new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions deferred revenues, software license updates and product support deferred revenues, and hardware systems support deferred revenues in our supplemental disclosure related to certain charges (presented below) are not necessarily indicative of revenue improvements we will achieve upon contract renewals to the extent customers do not renew.

Seasonality

Our quarterly revenues have historically been affected by a variety of seasonal factors, including the structure of our sales force incentive compensation plans, which are common in the technology industry. Our total revenues and operating margins are typically highest in our fourth fiscal quarter and lowest in our first fiscal quarter. The operating margins of our businesses are generally affected by seasonal factors in a similar manner as our revenues (in particular, our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions segment) as certain expenses within our cost structure are relatively fixed in the short term.

Constant Currency Presentation

Our international operations have provided and will continue to provide a significant portion of our total revenues and expenses. As a result, total revenues and expenses will continue to be affected by changes in the U.S. Dollar against major international currencies. In order to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, we compare the percent change in the results from one period to another period in this Quarterly Report using constant currency disclosure. To present this information, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than U.S. Dollars are converted into U.S. Dollars at constant exchange rates (i.e. the rates in effect on May 31, 2013, which was the last day of our prior fiscal year) rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during the respective periods. For example, if an entity reporting in Euros had revenues of 1.0 million Euros from products sold on November 30, 2013 and 2012, our financial statements would reflect reported revenues of $1.35 million in the first half of fiscal 2014 (using 1.35 as the month-end average exchange rate for the period) and $1.29 million in the first half of fiscal 2013 (using 1.29 as the month-end average exchange rate for the period). The constant currency presentation would translate the results for the three and six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012 using the May 31, 2013 exchange rate and indicate, in this example, no change in revenues during the period. In each of the tables below, we present the percent change based on actual, unrounded results in reported currency and in constant currency.

 

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Total Revenues and Operating Expenses

 

    Three Months Ended November 30,     Six Months Ended November 30,  
          Percent Change                 Percent Change        

(Dollars in millions)

  2013     Actual     Constant     2012     2013     Actual     Constant     2012  

Total Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

  $ 4,995       4%       5%      $ 4,787      $ 9,512       4%       5%      $ 9,111   

EMEA(1)

    2,817       4%       2%        2,701        5,256       3%       1%        5,084   

Asia Pacific(2)

    1,463       -9%        0%        1,606        2,879       -7%        3%        3,080   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total revenues

    9,275       2%       3%        9,094        17,647       2%       4%        17,275   

Total Operating Expenses

    5,865       4%       6%        5,623        11,364       4%       5%        10,925   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Operating Margin

  $ 3,410       -2%        0%      $ 3,471      $ 6,283       -1%        1%      $ 6,350   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Operating Margin %

    37%           38%        36%           37%   

% Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

    54%           52%        54%           53%   

EMEA

    30%           30%        30%           29%   

Asia Pacific

    16%           18%        16%           18%   

Total Revenues by Business:

               

Software

  $ 6,896       4%       5%      $ 6,649      $ 12,980       5%       6%      $ 12,363   

Hardware Systems

    1,323       0%       2%        1,321        2,584       -3%        -2%        2,674   

Services

    1,056       -6%        -5%        1,124        2,083       -7%        -5%        2,238   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total revenues

  $     9,275       2%       3%      $     9,094      $     17,647       2%       4%      $     17,275   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

% Revenues by Business:

               

Software

    74%           73%        73%           72%   

Hardware Systems

    14%           15%        15%           15%   

Services

    12%           12%        12%           13%   

 

(1) 

Comprised of Europe, the Middle East and Africa

 

(2) 

Asia Pacific includes Japan

Fiscal Second Quarter 2014 Compared to Fiscal Second Quarter 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, our total revenues increased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 by 3 percentage points due to an increase in our software business revenues, which was attributable to growth in our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues due substantially to incremental revenues from our acquisitions, and growth in our software license updates and product support revenues; and an increase in our hardware systems business revenues attributable to growth in hardware systems support revenues due substantially to incremental revenues from our acquisitions. On a constant currency basis, the contribution of our software and hardware businesses revenues to our total revenues growth in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 was partially offset by decreases in revenues from our services businesses. On a constant currency basis, the Americas contributed 84% and EMEA contributed 16% to our total revenues growth during the second quarter of fiscal 2014.

Excluding the effect of favorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 2 percentage points, total operating expenses increased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to an increase in sales and marketing and research and development expenses due to higher employee related expenses associated with increased headcount, and an increase in acquisition related and other expenses due primarily to a $145 million acquisition related benefit recorded during the second quarter of fiscal 2013 that decreased our expenses in that period (described further below). These expense increases were partially offset by constant currency expense decreases during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily in our services business due to lower employee related costs attributable to decreased headcount and lower external contractor expenses; lower hardware systems support costs as a result of lower employee related costs due to reduced headcount and reduced delivery costs; and lower restructuring expenses.

 

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Excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations, our operating margin was flat and our operating margin as a percentage of revenues decreased during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 as our total operating expenses increased at a faster rate than our total revenues.

First Half Fiscal 2014 Compared to First Half Fiscal 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 2 percentage points, our total revenues increased by 4 percentage points in the first half of fiscal 2014 due to an increase in our software business revenues due to the same reasons as noted above. On a constant currency basis, the contribution of our software business revenues to our total revenues growth in the first half of fiscal 2014 was partially offset by decreases in revenues from our hardware systems and services businesses. On a constant currency basis, the Americas contributed 80%, EMEA contributed 8% and Asia Pacific contributed 12% to the increase in our total revenues during the first half of fiscal 2014.

Excluding the effect of favorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, total operating expenses increased on a net basis during the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to similar reasons as noted above; a $306 million benefit relating to certain litigation that decreased our acquisition related and other expenses during the first half of fiscal 2013 (see Note 14 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report for additional information), partially offset by expense decreases due to a decrease in hardware systems products expenses associated with lower hardware revenues.

Excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations, our operating margin increased during the first half of fiscal 2014 due to the increase in our total revenues. However, on a constant currency basis, our operating margin as a percentage of revenues decreased during the first half of fiscal 2014 as our total operating expenses increased at a faster rate than our total revenues.

Supplemental Disclosure Related to Certain Charges

To supplement our consolidated financial information, we believe the following information is helpful to an overall understanding of our past financial performance and prospects for the future. You should review the introduction under “Impact of Acquisitions” (above) for a discussion of the inherent limitations in comparing pre- and post-acquisition information.

Our operating results included the following business combination accounting adjustments and expenses related to acquisitions, as well as certain other significant expense and income items:

 

    Three Months Ended
November 30,
    Six Months Ended
November 30,
 

(in millions)

      2013             2012             2013             2012      

New software licenses and cloud software subscriptions deferred revenues(1)

  $ 3     $ 12      $ 7     $ 31   

Software license updates and product support deferred revenues(1)

    1       4        1       8   

Hardware systems support deferred revenues(1)

    4       3        10       8   

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    577       584        1,172       1,203   

Acquisition related and other(3)(5)

    17       (121     27       (380

Restructuring(4)

    52       131        108       276   

Stock-based compensation(5)

    182       188        378       365   

Income tax effects(6)

    (234 )     (260     (531 )     (390
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 602     $ 541      $ 1,172     $ 1,121   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

In connection with our acquisitions, we have estimated the fair values of the cloud software subscriptions, software support and hardware systems support obligations assumed. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, we did not recognize cloud software subscriptions revenues related to contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $3 million and $12 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013, and 2012, respectively, and $7 million and $31 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We also did not recognize software license updates and product support revenues related to software support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $1 million and $4 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $1 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by

 

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  the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $4 million and $3 million for the three months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and $10 million and $8 million for the six months ended November 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

     Approximately $8 million and $3 million of estimated cloud software subscriptions revenues related to contracts assumed will not be recognized during the remainder of fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2015, respectively, that would have otherwise been recognized as revenues by the acquired businesses as independent entities due to the application of the aforementioned business combination accounting rules. Approximately $2 million of estimated hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts assumed will not be recognized during each of the remainder of fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2015 that would have otherwise been recognized by certain acquired companies as independent entities due to the application of the aforementioned business combination accounting rules. To the extent customers renew these contracts with us, we expect to recognize revenues for the full contracts’ values over the respective contracts’ renewal periods.

 

(2) 

Represents the amortization of intangible assets substantially all of which were acquired in connection with our acquisitions. As of November 30, 2013, estimated future amortization expenses related to intangible assets were as follows (in millions):

 

Remainder of Fiscal 2014

   $     1,086   

Fiscal 2015

     1,807   

Fiscal 2016

     1,235   

Fiscal 2017

     660   

Fiscal 2018

     528   

Fiscal 2019

     429   

Thereafter

     727   
  

 

 

 

Total intangible assets subject to amortization

     6,472   

In-process research and development

     49   
  

 

 

 

Total intangible assets, net

   $ 6,521   
  

 

 

 

 

(3) 

Acquisition related and other expenses primarily consist of personnel related costs for transitional and certain other employees, stock-based compensation expenses, integration related professional services, certain business combination adjustments including certain adjustments after the measurement period has ended and certain other operating items, net. In the first half of fiscal 2013, acquisition related and other expenses included a benefit of $306 million related to certain litigation (see Note 14 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report for additional information), and a net benefit of $129 million due to a change in the fair value of contingent consideration payable in connection with an acquisition (see Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements as included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 for additional information).

 

(4) 

The significant majority of restructuring expenses during the periods presented for the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013 related to employee severance and facility exit costs in connection with our Fiscal 2013 Oracle Restructuring Plan (the 2013 Restructuring Plan). Additional information regarding certain of our restructuring plans is provided in Note 7 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

 

(5) 

Stock-based compensation was included in the following operating expense line items of our condensed consolidated statements of operations (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
November 30,
     Six Months Ended
November 30,
 
        2013            2012            2013            2012     

Sales and marketing

   $ 39      $ 43      $ 81      $ 81   

Software license updates and product support

     5        5        11        10   

Hardware systems products

     1        1        3        1   

Hardware systems support

     1        1        3        2   

Services

     7        8        13        17   

Research and development

     87        89        184        172   

General and administrative

     42        41        83        82   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

     182        188        378        365   

Acquisition related and other

     1        4        4        21   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

   $       183      $       192      $       382      $       386   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Stock-based compensation included in acquisition related and other expenses resulted from unvested stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed from acquisitions whose vesting was accelerated upon termination of the employees pursuant to the terms of those stock options and restricted stock-based awards.

 

(6) 

The income tax effects presented were calculated as if the above described charges were not included in our results of operations for each of the respective periods presented. Income tax effects for the second quarter of fiscal 2014 were calculated based on the applicable jurisdictional tax rates applied to the items within the table above and resulted in an effective tax rate of 21.9%, instead of 20.3%, which represented our effective tax rate as derived per our condensed consolidated statement of operations, primarily due to the net tax effects

 

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  of acquisition related items, including the tax effect of amortization of intangible assets. Income tax effects for the first half of fiscal 2014 were calculated reflecting an effective tax rate of 21.9%, instead of 19.1%, which represented our effective tax rate as derived per our condensed consolidated statement of operations, primarily due to the net tax effects of acquisition related items, including the tax effect of amortization of intangible assets. Income tax effects for the second quarter of fiscal 2013 were calculated reflecting an effective tax rate of 23.5%, instead of 21.3%, which represented our effective tax rate as derived per our condensed consolidated statement of operations, primarily due to the net tax effects of acquisition related items, including the tax effect of amortization of intangible assets. Income tax effects for the first half of fiscal 2013 were calculated reflecting an effective tax rate of 23.5%, instead of 22.9%, which represented our effective tax rate as derived per our condensed consolidated statement of operations, primarily due to the net tax effects of acquisition related items, including the tax effects of amortization of intangible assets, partially offset by the disproportionate tax rate impact of certain discrete items for the period.

Software Business

Our software business consists of our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions segment and software license updates and product support segment.

New Software Licenses and Cloud Software Subscriptions:    New software licenses revenues represent fees earned from granting customers licenses to use our database and middleware and our applications software products. Cloud software subscriptions revenues represent fees earned from granting customers access to a broad range of our software offerings on a subscription basis in a secure, standards-based cloud computing environment that includes access, hosting, infrastructure management, the use of software updates, and support. We continue to place significant emphasis, both domestically and internationally, on direct sales through our own sales force. We also continue to market our products through indirect channels. Expenses associated with our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues are included in sales and marketing expenses, which are largely personnel related and include commissions earned by our sales force for the sale of our software offerings, marketing program costs, the cost of providing cloud software subscriptions services and amortization of intangible assets.

 

    Three Months Ended November 30,     Six Months Ended November 30,  
          Percent Change                 Percent Change        

(Dollars in millions)

  2013     Actual     Constant     2012     2013     Actual     Constant     2012  

New Software Licenses and Cloud Software Subscriptions Revenues:

               

Americas

  $     1,295       3%       5%      $     1,253      $     2,220        7%       9%      $     2,066   

EMEA

    675       5%       3%        641        1,063        2%       0%        1,044   

Asia Pacific

    410       -17%        -10%        495        749        -12%        -4%        853   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total revenues

    2,380       0%       1%        2,389        4,032        2%       4%        3,963   

Expenses:

               

Sales and marketing(1)

    1,670       11%       12%        1,505        3,108        12%       13%        2,784   

Stock-based compensation

    37       -9%        -9%        41        78        -1%        -1%        79   

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    238       -2%        -2%        242        482        -1%        -1%        489   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total expenses

    1,945       9%       10%        1,788        3,668        9%       11%        3,352   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Margin

  $ 435       -28%        -25%      $ 601      $ 364        -40%        -36%      $ 611   
 

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

 

Total Margin %

    18%           25%        9%            15%   

% Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

    55%           52%        55%            52%   

EMEA

    28%           27%        26%            26%   

Asia Pacific

    17%           21%        19%            22%   

 

(1) 

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2) 

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

Fiscal Second Quarter 2014 Compared to Fiscal Second Quarter 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues increased by 1% in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 due substantially to incremental revenues from our recent acquisitions. In constant currency, growth in revenues in the Americas and EMEA regions was partially offset by a decline in revenues in the Asia Pacific region.

In reported currency, our new software licenses revenues were $2.1 billion and $2.2 billion in the second quarters of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively, and our cloud software subscriptions revenues were $259 million and $218 million in the second quarters of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. In constant currency, our new software

 

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license revenues were flat and cloud software subscriptions revenues increased by 20% in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to incremental revenues from our recent acquisitions.

In reported currency, our recent acquisitions contributed $64 million of growth to our total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues during the second quarter of fiscal 2014. In constant currency, our new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions increased over the trailing 4-quarters by 2% primarily due to revenue contributions from our recent acquisitions.

As a result of our acquisitions, we recorded adjustments to reduce assumed cloud software subscriptions obligations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, cloud software subscriptions revenues in the amounts of $3 million and $12 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities were not recognized in the second quarters of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. To the extent underlying cloud software subscriptions contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the cloud software subscriptions contracts over the respective contractual periods.

In reported currency, new software licenses revenues earned from transactions of $3 million or greater represented 27% of our total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues in each of the second quarters of fiscal 2014 and 2013.

Excluding the effect of favorable currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions expenses increased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to higher employee related expenses including higher salaries and variable compensation expenses from increased headcount.

Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions margin and margin as a percentage of revenues decreased during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 as our total expenses associated with this segment increased at a faster rate than our total revenues.

First Half Fiscal 2014 Compared to First Half Fiscal 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable currency rate fluctuations of 2 percentage points, total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues increased by 4 percentage points in the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to incremental revenues from our recent acquisitions. In constant currency, growth in revenues in the Americas region was partially offset by a decline in revenues in the Asia Pacific region, while revenues in the EMEA region were flat.

In reported currency, our new software licenses revenues were $3.5 billion in each of the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013 and our cloud software subscriptions revenues were $513 million and $421 million in the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. In constant currency, our new software licenses revenues and cloud software subscriptions revenues increased by 2% and 23%, respectively, in the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to incremental revenues from our recent acquisitions. In reported currency, cloud software subscriptions revenues in the amounts of $7 million and $31 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities were not recognized in the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively, due to business combination accounting rules.

In reported currency, our recent acquisitions contributed $145 million of growth to our total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues during the first half of fiscal 2014. In reported currency, new software licenses revenues earned from transactions of $3 million or greater increased by 3% in the first half of fiscal 2014 and represented 25% of our total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions revenues in each of the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013.

Excluding the effect of favorable currency rate fluctuations of 2 percentage points, total new software licenses and cloud software subscriptions expenses increased, and margin and margin as a percentage of revenues decreased, during the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to the same reasons as noted above.

Software License Updates and Product Support:    Software license updates grant customers rights to unspecified software product upgrades and maintenance releases and patches released during the support period. Product support includes internet access to technical content as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel in our global support centers. Expenses associated with our software license updates and

 

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product support line of business include the cost of providing the support services, largely personnel related expenses, and the amortization of our intangible assets associated with software support contracts and customer relationships obtained from acquisitions.

 

    Three Months Ended November 30,      Six Months Ended November 30,  
          Percent Change                   Percent Change         

(Dollars in millions)

  2013     Actual     Constant      2012      2013     Actual     Constant      2012  

Software License Updates and Product Support Revenues:

        

Americas

  $ 2,442       6%       7%       $ 2,301       $ 4,867        7%       8%       $ 4,557   

EMEA

    1,462       10%       7%         1,333         2,871        10%       7%         2,612   

Asia Pacific

    612       -2%        8%         626         1,210        -2%        9%         1,231   
 

 

 

        

 

 

    

 

 

        

 

 

 

Total revenues

    4,516       6%       7%         4,260         8,948        7%       8%         8,400   

Expenses:

        

Software license updates and product support(1)

    280       6%       8%         265         562        3%       5%         543   

Stock-based compensation

    5       6%       6%         5         11        9%       9%         10   

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    203       -4%        -4%         212         408        -3%        -3%         422   
 

 

 

        

 

 

    

 

 

        

 

 

 

Total expenses

    488       1%       2%         482         981        1%       2%         975   
 

 

 

        

 

 

    

 

 

        

 

 

 

Total Margin

  $   4,028       7%       8%       $   3,778       $   7,967        7%       8%       $   7,425   
 

 

 

        

 

 

    

 

 

        

 

 

 

Total Margin %

    89%            89%         89%             88%   

% Revenues by Geography:

                  

Americas

    54%            54%         54%             54%   

EMEA

    32%            31%         32%             31%   

Asia Pacific

    14%            15%         14%             15%   

 

(1) 

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2) 

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

Fiscal Second Quarter 2014 Compared to Fiscal Second Quarter 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, software license updates and product support revenues increased by 7% in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 as a result of new software licenses sold with substantially all customers electing to purchase software support contracts during the trailing 4-quarter period, and the renewal of substantially all of the software support customer base eligible for renewal during the trailing 4-quarter period. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the Americas contributed 54%, EMEA contributed 30% and Asia Pacific contributed 16% to the increase in software license updates and product support revenues during the second quarter of fiscal 2014.

As a result of our acquisitions, we recorded adjustments to reduce assumed software support obligations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, software license updates and product support revenues related to software support contracts in the amounts of $1 million and $4 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities were not recognized in the second quarters of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. Historically, substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software support contracts when such contracts are eligible for renewal. To the extent these underlying support contracts are renewed, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of these contracts over the support periods, the substantial majority of which are one year in duration.

Excluding the effect of favorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, total software license updates and product support expenses during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 modestly increased due to an increase in certain non-income based taxes, partially offset by a decrease in employee related costs due to a modest decrease in headcount and a decrease in amortization of intangible assets.

Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total software license updates and product support margin increased during the second quarter of fiscal 2014 as our total revenues for this segment increased at a faster rate that than our total expenses. Margin as a percentage of revenues for this segment was flat in comparison with the prior year period.

 

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First Half Fiscal 2014 Compared to First Half Fiscal 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable currency rate fluctuations of 1 percentage point, software license updates and product support revenues increased by 8% in the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to the same reasons as noted above. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the Americas contributed 55%, EMEA contributed 29% and Asia Pacific contributed 16% to the increase in software license updates and product support revenues during the first half of fiscal 2014.

Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, software license updates and product support revenues related to software support contracts in the amounts of $1 million and $8 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities were not recognized in the first half of fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations, total software license updates and product support expenses during the first half of fiscal 2014 modestly increased as compared with the prior year period primarily due to the same reasons as noted above. Software license updates and product support margin and margin as a percentage of revenues increased during the first half of fiscal 2014 as our total revenues for this segment increased at a faster rate in comparison to our total expenses.

Hardware Systems Business

Our hardware systems business consists of our hardware systems products segment and hardware systems support segment.

 

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Hardware Systems Products:    Hardware systems products revenues are primarily generated from the sales of our computer server, storage and networking products, including sales of our Oracle Engineered Systems. We market and sell our hardware systems products through our direct sales force and indirect channels such as independent distributors and value added resellers. Operating expenses associated with our hardware systems products include the cost of hardware systems products, which consists of expenses for materials and labor used to produce these products by our internal manufacturing operations or by third party manufacturers, warranty expenses and the impact of periodic changes in inventory valuation, including the impact of inventory determined to be excess and obsolete. Operating expenses associated with our hardware systems products also include sales and marketing expenses, which are largely personnel related and include variable compensation earned by our sales force for the sales of our hardware products, and amortization of intangible assets.

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,      Six Months Ended November 30,  
            Percent Change                    Percent Change         

(Dollars in millions)

   2013      Actual      Constant      2012      2013      Actual      Constant      2012  

Hardware Systems Products Revenues:

                 

Americas

   $ 381        3%        4%       $ 370       $ 716        -4%         -4%       $ 750   

EMEA

     184        -7%         -8%         198         361        -13%         -14%         413   

Asia Pacific

     149        -10%         -6%         166         306        -13%         -8%         350   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total revenues

     714        -3%         -2%         734         1,383        -9%         -8%         1,513   

Expenses:

                 

Hardware systems products(1)

     368        1%        2%         366         696        -7%         -6%         750   

Sales and marketing(1)

     256        14%        15%         225         484        7%         8%         454   

Stock-based compensation

     3        -14%         -14%         3         6        84%         84%         3   

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

     74        -2%         -2%         76         157        -4%         -4%         164   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total expenses

     701        5%        6%         670         1,343        -2%         -1%         1,371   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total Margin

   $ 13        -80%         -79%       $ 64       $ 40        -72%         -71%       $ 142   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total Margin %

     2%              9%         3%              9%   

% Revenues by Geography:

                       

Americas

     53%              50%         52%              50%   

EMEA

     26%              27%         26%              27%   

Asia Pacific

     21%              23%         22%              23%   

 

(1) 

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2) 

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

Fiscal Second Quarter 2014 Compared to Fiscal Second Quarter 2013:    Excluding the effect of unfavorable currency rate fluctuations, hardware systems products revenues decreased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to reductions in the sales volumes of certain of our legacy product lines, including lower margin products. These revenue decreases were partially offset by $56 million of incremental revenues from our recently acquired companies and increases in hardware revenues attributable to our Oracle Engineered Systems during the second quarter of fiscal 2014.

Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total hardware systems products operating expenses increased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to an increase in employee related expenses related primarily to increased sales and marketing headcount.

Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total hardware systems products margin and margin as a percentage of revenues decreased in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 primarily due to the decrease in our hardware revenues and the increase in total expenses for this segment.

 

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First Half Fiscal 2014 Compared to First Half Fiscal 2013:    Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total hardware systems products revenues decreased during the first half of fiscal 2014 due to the reasons noted above. Our recent acquisitions contributed $102 million of incremental revenues during the first half of fiscal 2014. In constant currency, total operating expenses decreased in the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to a reduction in hardware systems product costs associated with lower hardware revenues, partially offset by an increase in employee related expenses due to an increase in sales and marketing headcount. Total margin and margin as a percentage of revenues decreased in the first half of fiscal 2014 primarily due to the decrease in our hardware revenues and the increase in employee related expenses due to the increase in sales and marketing headcount.

Hardware Systems Support:    Our hardware systems support offerings provide customers with software updates for software components that are essential to the functionality of our server and storage products, such as Oracle Solaris and certain other software products, and can include product repairs, maintenance services and technical support services. Expenses associated with our hardware systems support operating segment include the cost of materials used to repair customer products, the cost of providing support services, largely personnel related expenses, and the amortization of our intangible assets associated with hardware systems support contracts and customer relationships obtained from our acquisitions.

 

     Three Months Ended November 30,      Six Months Ended November 30,  
            Percent Change                    Percent Change         

(Dollars in millions)

   2013      Actual      Constant      2012      2013      Actual      Constant      2012  

Hardware Systems Support Revenues:

                 

Americas

   $ 313        12%        13%       $     278       $ 617        12%        13%       $ 550   

EMEA

     188        -2%         -4%         192         369        -3%         -5%         380   

Asia Pacific

     108        -7%         2%         117         215        -7%         2%         231   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total revenues

     609        4%        5%         587         1,201        3%        5%         1,161   

Expenses:

                 

Hardware systems support(1)

     213        -6%         -5%         226         420        -6%         -5%         449   

Stock-based compensation

     1        27%        27%         1         3        37%        37%         2   

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

     58        20%        20%         48         116        2%        2%         114   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

          

 

 

 

Total expenses

     272        -1%         0%         275