10-K 1 form10-k.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-38154

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   34-200-8348
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification Number)

 

7380 W. Sand Lake Road, Suite 500, Orlando, Florida 32819

(Address, Including Zip Code of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(801) 456-8684

(Issuer’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:

COMMON STOCK, $0.001 PAR VALUE PER SHARE

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:

NONE

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]
   
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [  ] No [X]
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]
   
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [  ]
   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.

 

  Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
  Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [  ] No [X]
   
State issuer’s revenues for its most recent fiscal year: $18,025,173
   
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of April 30, 2017 representing the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter: approximately $11,898,972.
   
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date: 10,262,273 as of January 29, 2018.

 

 

 

   
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I    
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 4
     
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 18
     
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 18
     
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 19
     
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 20
     
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 20
     
PART II    
     
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGIST RANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 21
     
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 21
     
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 22
     
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 34
     
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 34
     
ITEM 9A CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 34
     
PART III    
     
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 35
     
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 40
     
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 41
     
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 42
     
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES 42
     
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 43
     
SIGNATURES 44

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Form 10-K includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to in this annual report as the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer to in this annual report as the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements are not statements of historical fact but rather reflect our current expectations, estimates and predictions about future results and events. These statements may use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “predict,” “project” and similar expressions as they relate to us or our management. When we make forward-looking statements, we are basing them on our management’s beliefs and assumptions, using information currently available to us. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including but not limited to, risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed in this annual report. Factors that can cause or contribute to these differences include those described under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

If one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially from what we projected. Any forward-looking statement you read in this annual report reflects our current views with respect to future events and is subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, results of operations, growth strategy and liquidity. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us, or individuals acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this paragraph. You should specifically consider the factors identified in this annual report, which would cause actual results to differ before making an investment decision. We are under no duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this annual report or to conform these statements to actual results.

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Overview

 

Coda Octopus Group, Inc. (“Coda,” “the Company,” or “we”) operates two distinct business segments. Its Products Segments designs and manufactures patented real time 3D sonar solutions and other leading products for subsea applications (“Products Segment” or “Marine Technology Business”). Its Services Segment supplies engineering services to prime defense contractors (“Services Segment” or “Engineering Business”) and focuses primarily on mission critical integrated defense systems that require a high level of reliability and quality controls.

 

The products sold by our Products Segment are used primarily in the underwater construction market, offshore oil and gas, offshore wind energy industry, complex dredging, port and harbor security, defense, mining both gems and deep sea minerals and marine sciences sectors. Our customers include service providers to major oil and gas companies, law enforcement agencies, government bodies (including maritime and navy organizations), ports, mining companies, defense companies, universities and research institutions.

 

Our Services Segment supplies engineering services primarily to prime defense contractors. We have been supporting a number of significant defense programs for over 30 years, such as the Raytheon Close in Weapons Program and Northrop Grumman’s Mine Hunting Systems Program and these programs are steadily growing. We also supply, upgrade and maintain proprietary parts to these programs on an ongoing basis. This business model ensures recurring and long tail revenues since we continuously supply parts to these programs.

 

The Products Segment sells its products through our three wholly owned subsidiaries, Coda Octopus Products, Inc. (USA), Coda Octopus Products Limited (United Kingdom), and Coda Octopus Products Pty Limited (Australia) and through our appointed agents globally. The Products Segment also rents its equipment to customers. The Services Segment operates through our wholly owned subsidiaries, Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. (“Colmek”) based in Salt Lake City, Utah, and Coda Octopus Martech Limited (“Martech”) based in the United Kingdom.

 

Our corporate structure is as follows:

 

 

 

Corporate History

 

The Company began as Coda Technologies Limited. This company now operates under the name Coda Octopus Products Limited, a United Kingdom corporation formed in 1994 as a start-up company with its origins as a research group at Herriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland. Initially, its operations consisted primarily of developing software for subsea mapping and visualization using sidescan sonar (a technology widely used in commercial offshore geophysical survey and naval mine-hunting to detect objects on, and textures of, the surface of the seabed).

 

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In June 2002, we acquired Octopus Marine Systems Ltd, a UK corporation, and changed our name to Coda Octopus Limited. At the time of its acquisition, Octopus Marine Systems was producing geophysical products broadly similar to those of Coda, but targeted at the less sophisticated, easy-to-use, “work-horse” market. The Octopus Marine Systems acquisition led to the introduction of the Motion product (F180® series) into the Products Segment.

 

In December 2002, Coda Octopus Ltd acquired OmniTech AS, a Norwegian company, which became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. This company now operates under the name Coda Octopus R&D AS. OmniTech owned the patents to a “method for producing a 3-D Image” which was acquired under the acquisition. At the time of acquisition, this company had been engaged for over ten years in developing a revolutionary imaging and visualization sonar technology capable of producing real time three-dimensional (“3D”) underwater images for use in subsea activities. Coda Octopus Products Limited (Edinburgh) then developed the visualization software to control and display the images from the real time 3D sonar. This patented technology is now marketed by us under the name “Echoscope®”. This technology is superior to the other imaging sonars in the market as it generates real time 3D images of the underwater environment irrespective of low or zero visibility conditions and, unlike conventional sonars, can image a volume (as opposed to a slice of data) including moving objects subsea. This technology is covered by patents in a number of jurisdictions, including the USA. Currently, a substantial part of our R&D efforts is focused on further innovation and development of this technology. Some of the discriminators of this technology can be found in the table set out in the section below titled “Real Time 3D Sonar”.

 

This acquisition allowed the Company to expand its business activities to include the high-end sonar imaging and hydrographic survey markets. At the inception of the Marine Technology Business our revenues were generated solely from our geophysical software product. We subsequently added our motion sensors product (F180® series) in 2002 and our revenues were split over these two products. With the addition of our real time 3D products, our revenues from our Products Segment are now mainly generated from our real time 3D sonar products including accessories and associated services.

 

On July 13, 2004, the Company effected a reverse merger pursuant to the terms of a share exchange agreement between The Panda Project, Inc. (“Panda”), a Florida corporation, and a now defunct entity affiliated with Coda Octopus Ltd. (“Coda Parent”). Panda acquired the shares of Coda Octopus Limited, a UK corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Coda Parent, in consideration for the issuance of a total of 1,432,143 shares of common stock to Coda Parent and other shareholders of Coda Octopus Limited. The shares issued represented approximately 90.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of Panda. The share exchange was accounted for as a reverse acquisition of Panda by Coda. Subsequently, Panda was reincorporated in Delaware and changed its name to Coda Octopus Group, Inc.

 

In June 2006, we acquired a UK design and engineering company, Martech Systems (Weymouth) Ltd (“Martech”), which provides bespoke engineering solutions in the fields of electronic data acquisition, transmission and recording. Martech are suppliers to prime defense contractors, among others. Martech changed its name to Coda Octopus Martech Limited in December 2008. This company is part of our Services Segment.

 

In April 2007, we acquired Colmek (then Miller & Hilton Inc. d/b/a Colmek), a Utah corporation and custom engineering service provider of mission critical integrated systems to defense engineering prime contractors where a high level of reliability and quality is required. Colmek has been supporting a number of defense programs since the early 1990’s. Specifically, it supplies proprietary parts into these programs including providing upgrades to such parts to address either obsolescence issues or advancement in technology. This entity changed its name to Coda Octopus Colmek Inc. in December 2008. This company is part of our Services Segment.

 

In January 2017, we effectuated a one for fourteen reverse split of our issued and outstanding common stock. Throughout this document, all share numbers have been adjusted for the reverse stock split.

 

Coda Octopus Group, Inc., is organized under the laws of the State of Delaware as a holding company that conducts its business through subsidiaries, several of which are organized under the laws of foreign jurisdictions, including England, Scotland, Norway, Denmark and Australia. This may have an adverse impact on the ability of U.S. investors to enforce a judgment obtained in U.S. courts against these entities, or to effect service of process on the officers and directors managing the foreign subsidiaries.

 

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Marine Technology Business (“Products Segment”)

 

Our Marine Technology Business sells and rents proprietary marine products in a number of worldwide market segments including:

 

  Commercial marine geophysical survey;
     
  Marine and Port Construction
     
  Offshore Energy and Renewables
     
  Defense
     
  Oil & gas
     
  Security and Law Enforcement
     
  Environmental Applications (for example mammal research, natural gas seeps, habitat assessment, and fisheries)
     
  Salvaging and decommissioning applications

 

In the commercial marine geophysical survey sector, our products include geophysical data acquisition systems, analysis software and motion detection equipment that are used primarily by survey companies, research institutions and salvage companies.

 

In the imaging sonar sector, we believe we possess an important and unique patented sonar technology based upon more than 20 years of research and development. This gives us a significant advantage over our competitors in the subsea imaging sonar market sectors. We believe that our real time 3D sonar products are revolutionizing the sonar market, especially in the following areas:

 

  (A) Real time three-dimensional visualization;
  (B)

Imaging of moving objects (such as blocks, mattresses, subsea structures or installations being placed or landed on the seabed, subsea vehicles, diver support or other objects);

  (C) Imaging of complex subsea structures (imaging a volume as opposed to a slice of data);
  (D) Providing situational awareness in real time to divers in low or zero visibility conditions;
  (E) Real time threat identification and navigation and obstacle avoidance;
  (F) Simultaneous mapping and imaging of moving objects using a single sensor;
  (G) Imaging or visualizing subsea environments in low or zero visibility conditions; and
  (H) Single sensor for multiple applications.

 

Our product range includes equipment based on our patented Echoscope® technology and a range of complementary 3D accessories in combination with our proprietary software which also includes patented techniques for rendering and tracking.

 

Over the years we have significantly advanced our research and development with respect to both hardware and software components of our real time 3D sonar technology and have filed further patents and have increased our market share for imaging sonars. Our third generation of products include the Echoscope® and other derivatives such as CodaOctopus® Underwater Inspection System (UIS), our forward looking sonar, Dimension® and our Echoscope® C500 and more recently our Echoscope® XD variant.

 

At present we are focusing on developing our fourth generation (“4G”) of real time 3D sonar solutions for various market applications and varying price points. Our 4G products will be aimed at expanding our market share by introducing more applications-focused products. In respect of our 4G of products, we are pursuing a 18-24 months’ roll out plan. In this connection, on January 16, 2018 we launched the first product within our 4G series of real time 3D sonars. This first product is approximately 50% lighter, 40% smaller and requires 30% less power than the 3G generation of products. This product is now marketed under the name of Echoscope4G® Surface and is a shallow water system (for deployments and applications not exceeding 20 meters water depth). We believe this is a significant achievement as it potentially paves the way for more market applications for the technology and potentially increases our market share of imaging sonars.

 

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We believe that the development strategy of our 4G products will help to standardize real time 3D solutions in the subsea market and grow the number of applications for this technology. However, these are complex products and we can give no assurance that we will be successful in realizing commercially viable products or that our goals of increasing our market share will be realized.

 

We believe that our patented technology is superior in its capability to the current sonars on the market including the multibeam which is the standard technology currently used, as it can generate real time 3D volumetric imaging data of underwater environments (including real time threat identification) and image moving objects in the water column even in the most challenging water conditions. This unique and superior capability provides unparalleled underwater scene awareness in high frame rates similar to cameras. The resultant scene data can be used for multiple tasks simultaneously including object detection and avoidance in true 3D, complex scene mapping and augmented reality 3D workspace imaging combining the real time 3D data with 3D models. This enables real time assessment and decision making. This technology is changing the work flow processes for a number of applications and delivering significant productivity gains and health and safety improvements to our customers, particularly in applications requiring imaging moving objects (either their placement or removal from the sea bed), conducting subsea operations in low or zero visibility conditions and therefore preventing downtime (with the associated costs for such downtime) in these projects and providing real time 3D measurements. Some of our customers are reporting productivity gains of as much as 5000% in block placements for breakwater and other types of projects.

 

The Echoscope® has a wide range of applications including:

 

  inspection of harbor walls;
     
  inspection of ship hulls;
     
  inspection of bridge pilings;
     
  block placements (in the context of breakwater construction);
     
  subsea asset placements including landings;
     
  deep sea mineral mining and shallow water gem mining;
     
  cable laying and cable pull in operations in offshore wind energy applications;
     
  inspection of offshore installations such as gas and oil rigs and wind turbines;
     
  Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) navigation (obstacle avoidance);
     
  Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) navigation and target recognition (obstacle avoidance);

 

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  construction - pipeline touchdown placement and inspection;
     
  bathymetry (measurement of water depth to create 3D terrain models);
     
  managing underwater construction tasks;
     
  underwater intruder detection;
     
  contraband detection;
     
 

locating and identifying objects located underwater including mines;

     
  detection and study of individual species in real time 3D (fish, whales etc.);
     
  oil and gas leak detection;
     
  fish school detection and analysis;
     
  diver tracking and guidance;
     
  underwater archaeological and salvage site mapping;
     
  salvaging and decommissioning;
     
  harbor construction – concrete armoring; and
     
  unexploded ordinances survey and intervention.

 

The technology enables real time 3D visualization of static scenes or moving objects from either a static location or a dynamically moving platform vessel (Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (“AUV”), Remotely Operated Vehicle (“ROV”)) or a surface vessel. Conventional sonars are capable of producing maps of static scenes only without the ability to image moving objects. A significant part of subsea activities consists of identifying moving objects including whether they may pose a threat.

 

The Echoscope® technology is protected by patents, including a number of complementary patents such as a patent which covers our visualization methodology and our rendering of real time 3D images. For example, one of our recently awarded patents provides for a new method of using multiple sonar images to produce in real time 3D a highly detailed image with sharply defined edges while intelligently discarding “noise” in the image produced by passing fish or floating debris.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

We market the Echoscope® both as a stand-alone sonar device and as a fully integrated system, which we market under the name “CodaOctopus® UIS (Underwater Inspection System)”. This latter system is specifically aimed at the port security market and has been adopted by a significant number of ports in the United States. Since 2015 we built upon our success in selling in excess of 30 Underwater Inspection Systems to ports in the USA by selling a number of systems to an East Asian government agency for use in salvage operations and port and harbor inspection. Our 4G of products which will be smaller, lighter, with less power requirements will present a new opportunity to introduce a new UIS with a lower price point, thus presenting the opportunity to increase the number of ports investing in this equipment.

 

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We also operate a rental model under which we rent our technology with associated services. The equipment is typically supplied with our expert engineers who either train our customers or become the operators of the equipment for our customers for the duration of the project. The rental option represents an increasingly important market and also provides access to the technology to a broader range of end users who typically do not purchase equipment such as large oil companies whose business model is to rent or lease equipment.

 

We have an internal sales and marketing team which is engaged in marketing and selling this technology; we also have a network of sales agents.

 

Products

 

Our products are marketed under the “CodaOctopus®” brand and consist of three main product lines:

 

Data Acquisition Products includes integrated hardware acquisition devices that feature rich post-processing software for all levels of geophysical survey work, with which we commenced our operations in 1994.

 

Motion Sensing Products consists of a range of GPS-aided precision attitude and positioning systems and software for all types of marine survey and positioning work.

 

Real Time 3D Sonar includes our unique and patented real time 3D imaging sonars (Echoscope®) and cutting-edge software (including patented techniques for rendering and tracking algorithms) that we believe is shaping the future of subsea operations both within the commercial and defense sectors.

 

Real Time 3D Sonar

 

We believe that our real time 3D imaging sonar technology represents the Company’s most promising area for growth in the medium term. Some of the key differentiators of our technology compared to other imaging sonar technologies on the market are:

 

No.   Description of Differentiator
1.   Real time 3D imaging sonar providing true first-person perspective visualization subsea;
     
2.   Real time 3D volumetric images of the underwater environment being imaged;
     
3.   Real time 3D volumetric images irrespective of low or zero visibility conditions prevailing at sea;
     
4.  

Due to the shape of our beams which has width and height capability we can have almost 100% coverage of a subsea object/target with a single pass of the object/target being imaged. Current sonars in the market require multiple passes to be able to create a comprehensive image of the object or target – making this costly and inefficient;

     
5.  

Real time 3D images of both moving objects and static volumetric scenes in the water. Conventional sonars, such as the multibeam, can only produce static images (mapping);

     
6.   No requirement for post-processing images generated by our technology (since it is a real time 3D imaging sonar) thus reducing the costs associated with these activities;
     
7.   Real time identification of threats including small target detection and visualizing moving projectiles and their targets in the water column. We can also accurately and repeatedly guide projectiles onto targets;
     
8.   Real time automated and manual 3D measurements of subsea objects and targets;
     
9.  

Crisp and easy to interpret photograph-like images of subsea target thereby deskilling many areas of work in the subsea environment by enabling persons without a hydrographic background to perform subsea tasks (such as law enforcement officers and crane operators);

     
10.   Real time image in any orientation including forward looking for obstacle and collision avoidance at sea;

 

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11. Map complex underwater environments and structures with very high coverage confidence in a fast and efficient manner. Conventional sonars suffer from significant shadows when imaging complex structures; and
   
12.

Discern with greater degree of confidence real subsea targets versus subsea noise and other moving objects, such as fish, bubbles, gas etc.

 

Our current third-generation product line consists of five products within the real time 3D sonar series:

 

  Echoscope®;
  Echoscope® C500 (launched in 2014);
  Echoscope® XD (launched in January 2017);
  Dimension®(launched in 2013); and
  CodaOctopus® Underwater Inspection Systems (“UIS”).

 

These products are used either by mounting on a surface vessel, cranes, excavators, underwater vessels such as remotely operated vehicles (ROV) or autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV), mining crawlers and the like.

 

Echoscope®

 

This is the first real time 3D sonar we brought to the market. We have variants rated at 300 meters, 600 meters and 3,000 meters which means these systems are fit to operate at this water depth at sea. We have also developed bespoke sonars which operates at 4,000 meters for a prime defense contractor’s autonomous underwater vehicle (“AUV”). The 3G Echoscope weighs 52 pounds and is around 15x11.8x6.3 inches in size. This is sold with software (see section below for various software options).

 

Due to the current price, size, weight and power requirements to operate the Echoscope, there are a number of applications or markets for which we do not supply this product. However, see section on Fourth Generation (“4G”) of Sonar Products, where these limitations are being addressed.

 

Dimension®

 

This product was launched in 2013 and is aimed at the remotely operated underwater vehicle market (“ROV”) for navigation and obstacle avoidance underwater with a wider field of view and is suitable for applications which require safe navigation from one location to the next and real time forward looking 3D imaging of any underwater scene. Based on our patented Echoscope® technology and our Vantage software, we believe that the Dimension® product provides unparalleled real time visualization for subsea vehicle applications. Designed for a wide range of ROVs, the Dimension® sonar is a unique, real time 3D sonar that transforms ROV underwater operations.

 

Echoscope® C500 (“C500”)

 

The C500 was launched in 2014 and is based on our patented Echoscope® technology. This sonar device delivers real time 3D sonar capability and is targeted at the ROV and autonomous underwater vehicle (“AUV”) applications.

 

Echoscope® XD (“XD”)

 

Many applications require a wide area of view for imaging or visualization subsea. Our standard Echoscope® offers viewing angles of up to 50° x 50°. The XD was launched in 2017, is based on our patented Echoscope® technology and delivers real time 3D sonar capability. This latest product delivers a wider area of view (or, imaging area) – up to 90° x 44°. We believe that this will open the Echoscope® to a number of new applications including bathymetry survey applications. The new capability can also be accessed by users of the current Echoscope® by purchase of an upgrade package.

 

Software Products

 

Our Software development capability is an important part of the success we have achieved to date with our real time 3D solutions and forms an important part of our strategy to maintain our lead in designing, manufacturing and selling real time 3D solutions.

 

Our software products are sold in combination with our real time 3D sonar solutions as a one-time purchase by our customers. During the first 12 months, the customer benefits from our support services. However, after the first year, should the customer need ongoing support services this is purchased as an annual subscription service which entitles the customer to 24x7x365 telephone, email and remote dial in support and minor software upgrades. In addition, where we issue major releases of our software (as opposed to minor releases (maintenance release)), this is a chargeable option for our customers.

 

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The current software packages that we offer with our hardware (real time 3D sonar) are:

 

  Underwater Survey Explorer” (“USE”);
  Vantage; and
  Construction Monitoring System (“CMS”).

 

These are all Software Packages developed by the Company.

 

Our software packages are feature rich and includes patented techniques in a number of our modules. In general, our software package contain significant capabilities that are designed to address specific subsea challenges by application particularly in the context of a dynamic subsea setting (as opposed to a static mapping of the seabed as is typical for conventional sonar technology). Some of our unique features include:

 

Feature Description   Functionality
Real Time Measurements   important for many types of subsea operations such as block or asset placements or aiding diving operations;
     
Models + Software Module   allows the user to import existing models and engineering drawings into the real time subsea environment;
     
Edge Detection Algorithm   allows the user to superimpose an edge to easily identify a subsea target;
     
Rendering a Noise Free Image   allows for a crisp, clear and high-resolution photo-like image without any processing (which would be required for conventional sonars); and
     
Tracking Algorithm   Algorithm is used to track known objects within the real time 3D Data. This is currently utilized in our Construction Monitoring Software Package (see below)

 

The Echoscope® and Construction Monitoring Software (CMS) have important applications for breakwater construction. Our CMS package has been recently updated to include patented algorithms for tracking and placement of single layer armor blocks used in breakwater construction.

 

We believe that our technology is becoming the preferred solution for subsea block placements in breakwater solutions because it allows crane operators to visualize in real time the moving blocks and tracking these into their placement position accurately. We believe that our solution has significantly simplified and made safer this area of the workflow process in breakwater construction. It has also increased significantly the lay-rate for blocks being placed with customers reporting up to 5000% increase in productivity.

 

We are not aware of competing technologies that offer real time 3D visualization and monitoring of subsea construction sites including previously laid blocks. In addition, the feature rich software package (CMS) which allows the complete workflow for breakwater construction to be planned within the software, greatly reduces project risks and timing while improving the quality of the projects. Furthermore, the patented tracking algorithms that have recently been enhanced and strengthened to provide opportunity for additional applications involving placing known objects or structures underwater.

 

We generate around 87% of our revenues in the Products Segments from our real time 3D sonar products (hardware and software). With the launch of the new products we would anticipate our revenues from this line to increase over time.

 

Fourth Generation (4G) Real Time 3D Sonar Products

 

During the last 18 months, we have invested a significant part of our research and development resources on developing our 4G real time 3D solutions for various market applications and varying price points. We expect to roll out this technology over the next 18-24 months.

 

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Echoscope4G® Surface

 

On January 16, 2018 we launched the first product within our 4G series of real time 3D sonars, the Echoscope4G® Surface. This first product within our 4G range is 50% lighter, 40% smaller and requires 30% less power than our third generation of products. This allows us to compete more effectively against other conventional sonars within this price bracket and applications where size, weight and price are key factors. This product is suitable for shallow water applications only and is now available for customer trials, rental, licensing or outright purchase. Introduction of this product potentially paves the way for more market applications for the technology and potentially increases our market share of imaging sonars. Nevertheless, we can give no assurance that following launch we will be successful with this product.

 

Data Acquisition

 

We started our business in 1994 designing and developing the CodaOctopus® GeoSurvey software package. For over two decades, our GeoSurvey has been an industry leading software package on the market for data acquisition and interpretation and provides feature rich solutions and productivity enhancing tools for the most exacting survey requirements. Designed specifically for sidescan and sub-bottom data acquisition, CodaOctopus® GeoSurvey has been purchased by numerous leading survey companies throughout the world. This product range includes:

 

CodaOctopus® GeoSurvey Acquisition Products

 

These consist of a range of hardware and software solutions for field acquisition of sidescan sonar and sub-bottom profiler, which includes analogue and digital interfaces compatible with all geophysical survey systems. This is our original product range that includes the following products:

 

DA4G - 500, Sidescan sonar and sub-bottom profiler simultaneously

DA4G - 1000, Sidescan sonar and sub-bottom profiler separately

DA4G - 2000, Sidescan sonar or sub-bottom profiler

 

CodaOctopus® GeoSurvey Productivity Suite

 

This consists of an integrated suite of software that automates the tasks of analyzing, annotating and mosaicing complex data sets, thus ensuring faster and more precise results.

 

CodaOctopus® Instruments

 

These consist of simple, solid and robust solutions for sidescan sonar and sub-bottom profilers. Used throughout the world by leading survey companies, navies and academics, CodaOctopus instruments are ideal where minimal training and simple installation and set-up is paramount. Coupled with intuitive but powerful post processing software, the Octopus range meets the requirements of survey applications from the smallest inshore survey, rapid deployment naval reconnaissance to large scale site investigations. This product range comprise our DA4G series of acquisition systems which provide high quality, robust and reliable data acquisition from the latest digital and analogue sidescan sonar and sub-bottom profiler sensors.

 

DA4G™ is the 4th generation of our successful DA series and is built on twenty years of knowledge, experience and innovation in supplying unparalleled products and service to the worldwide geophysical survey sector. These purpose-built, turn-key, systems incorporate the very latest hardware specifications and are designed and delivered to meet the demanding nature of offshore survey work.

 

The DA4GTM range consists of a number of options and is backed (like all our products) with global service and support.

 

We generate around 5% of our revenues from the Products Segments from this range of products. With the launch of the new products we would anticipate our revenues from this line to increase over time.

 

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Motion Sensing Products

 

Our F180® (and the more recently introduced CodaOctopus F170TM families) have been developed for the marine environment and is based on technology originally developed for the extreme world of motor racing. Modifications and enhancements have resulted in a simple-to-use, off-the-shelf product that brings accurate positioning and motion data into extreme offshore conditions for precision marine survey applications worldwide. Variants within the F180® series include the F190™, exclusively configured for use ‘inland’, e.g. within ports and harbors, and the F185™, with enhanced precision positioning to 2 cm accuracy (<1”). Octopus iHeave, an intelligent software product for dealing with long period ocean swell compensation, is fully integrated within the F180® series.

 

The F170™ family is designed with ease of use in mind. They are compact, simple to install and produce accurate position and motion data for the marine industry. Two product variants are available: the F170™ and the F175™. The F175™ allows integration of third-party GNSS systems thus enhancing the accuracy of the outputs and improving the robustness of the solution.

 

Our Motion Sensing Products are sold alone or in conjunction with our real time 3D sonars. We are currently expending a significant amount of our resources in developing the next generation of our motion sensors. Our newly developed suite of products will focus on expanding the market into which we sell these devices, including the AUV market which is an expanding market for our products in general.

 

We are aiming to launch our fourth-generation of Motion Sensing Products in March 2018. The new hardware motion sensing products will be based on more advanced technology and new software.

 

We generate around 8% of our revenues from the Products Segments from our Motion Sensing Products. With the launch of the new products we anticipate our revenues from this line to increase over time.

 

Coda Octopus Products Limited has the requisite accreditation for its business including LRQ accredited to ISO 9001:2008.

 

Marine Engineering Businesses (“Service Segment”)

 

Our Marine Engineering Businesses encompass:

 

Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc., a company incorporated under the laws of Utah with its principal place of business in Salt Lake City; and
Coda Octopus Martech Limited, a company incorporated under the laws of England & Wales with its principal place of business in Portland, England.

 

These two operating entities supply mission critical integrated systems, test equipment, instrumentation and the like primarily to the defense sector where high levels of reliability and quality are essential pre-requisites for securing and maintaining these agreements with their customers. Typically, in the first instance we prototype products for these customers and after going through various acceptance tests, including first article inspection approvals, we are given the production contracts. Many of these production contracts have repeat orders profile which typically follows the life cycle of the defense program that is using the production part.

 

These arrangements often give us long term preferred/sole supplier status, technology refresh and obsolescence management for such customers and we generally use these long-standing relationships to win more contracts with these customers.

 

In addition, we are increasingly combining our engineering capabilities with our product offerings. This enables us to offer systems which are complete with installation and support and maximize the utilization of our collective expertise to advance our real time 3D technology.

 

Coda Octopus Martech Limited (“Martech”)

 

Martech operates in the specialized niche of bespoke design and manufacturing services mainly to the United Kingdom defense and subsea industries. Its services are provided on a custom sub-contract basis where high quality and high integrity devices are required in small quantities. Martech has the requisite accreditation for its business including LRQ accredited to ISO 9001:2008.

 

An example of Martech’s design and engineering services is the development of a ruggedized display unit in military vehicles capable of displaying variables such as wind speed, air temperature and humidity independent of the vehicle’s computer.

 

In late 2010 Martech was awarded a significant contract to design and build two pre-production decontamination units the successors of which have been designated as part of the ground equipment for a major international military aircraft program. The Company has since started production of these units which form part of the standard ground equipment for this military aircraft.

 

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Martech is one of the first suppliers bringing to the market controllers for fire sprinkler systems which periodically test the associated pumps. Sprinkler systems are now required to be introduced in certain larger domestic buildings under UK legislation. Martech is a market leader in this market and in late 2017 was awarded a contract by a leading global pump manufacturer for approximately $650,000.

 

The Company enjoys pre-approvals to allow it to be short-listed for certain types of government contracts. Much of the more significant business secured by Martech is through the formal government or government contractor tendering process. Government contracts may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the government. If the government does terminate a contract, the Company is allowed to recover the costs incurred up to the date of termination. During the last few years, only one non-material government contract was terminated for convenience.

 

Martech is a key supplier of various parts to our marine products business and has been assisting in the further development of a number of those products.

 

Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. (“Colmek”)

 

Colmek is a service provider of defense engineering solutions, particularly in the fields of data acquisition, storage, transmission and display. It has grown and diversified since beginning its operations in 1977 and now provides services and products to a wide range of defense, research and exploration organizations in the United States. Colmek has the requisite accreditation for its business including LRQ accredited to ISO 9001:2008.

 

Colmek designs, manufactures and supports systems that are reliable and effective in multiple military and commercial applications where ruggedness and reliability under extreme operational conditions are paramount and where lives depend on accurate and precise information.

 

Colmek has long standing relationships with a number of prime defense contractors and has been supporting a number of defense programs for over 30 years including the Close in Weapons Support Program (CIWS) for which it supplies proprietary parts and services and technical refresh programs for these parts. As a result, Colmek has repeat revenues from these long-standing programs. Colmek continues to expand the number of established programs into which it supplies proprietary parts.

 

In June 2014 Colmek completed the acquisition of the Thermite® which is a rugged visual mission computer line and the Sentiris® AV1 XMC video card for $1,100,000 in cash. Colmek also acquired hardware, Thermite stock, and other intellectual property rights (such as software code and trademarks pertaining to these products).

 

The Thermite® Product fits within established programs with Department of Defense (“DoD”) prime contractors and benefits from being a single source product under this program. Customers for this item include the US Army, Benchmark, and Endeavor Robotics Defense and Security Division. Since acquiring these two products in 2014, we have received orders in excess of $2,500,000.

 

Thermite® Rugged Visual Computers

 

  Rugged, graphics-based PCs designed to perform in the most brutal environmental conditions;
     
  Focus on graphics-based high-performance computing with integrated accelerated video capture capability;
     
  Lightweight, power efficient and conduction-cooled;
     
  Three models, optimized for man-wearable, vehicle, and airborne platforms; and
     
  Programs include dismounted soldier training, mission rehearsal, real time imaging, robotic control, weapon system control, sensor processing and display.

 

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We are now designing and developing the next generation of the Thermite® and expect to re-engage the existing customer base for this product.

 

Sentiris® AV1 XMC

 

 

FPGA-based PCI Express Mezzanine Card designed for video and graphics processing applications; and

     
  Targeted platforms include MH-47G helicopters, MH-60M Blackhawk helicopters, MC-130H Combat Talon II and CV-22 Tilt-Rotor aircraft.

 

Since acquiring the Sentiris®, we have successfully completed the first article inspection (“FAI”) approval phase and are now in the production phase. We have received orders for approximately $700,000 since completion of the FAI process.

 

This is expected to be a significant new product as this program is funded and there will be ongoing demand for this product over the life of the program.

 

Stinger™ family of Rugged Small-Form-Factor PCs

 

The Stinger 1000 is a unique rugged computer that provides a cost-effective solution for harsh mobile computing environments. Utilizing PC-104 architecture and employing creative ruggedization, Colmek has engineered a stable platform which is easily tailored to any application.

 

The Stinger 1000 rugged mobile computer is highly customizable, presenting an inspiring assortment of selectable attributes. The stinger mobile computer is engineered to meet military requirements. Colmek has successfully deployed Stinger products on Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), and shipboard for satellite-based tracking systems.

 

RhinoTuff™ family of Rugged Touch Screen Computers

 

The robust RhinoTuff™ rugged touch screen computer is built exclusively for reliable operation in the world’s harshest environments. It is modular and user-definable affording maximum flexibility. This all-weather, all terrain, all-in-one PC thrives in a field where the average “tough” computer is simply not tough enough, including, mining and construction sites, oil fields, marine environments, and military battlefields.

 

Rugged Chassis/Enclosures

 

The chassis and enclosures offered by Coda Octopus Colmek are fully customizable to military/industrial needs. Colmek is a key supplier on high profile programs including Raytheon’s Phalanx Close-In Weapons System (CIWS) and Northrop Grumman’s airborne mine hunting sonar AN/AQS-24. We also offer a variety of enclosures technologies.

 

Other products offered by Colmek include subsea telemetry & data acquisition systems, rugged workstations, analog-to-digital converters and rugged LCD displays.

 

Competition

 

In our Products Segment, we are exposed to the following competitive challenges:

 

Data Acquisition Products

 

The sonar equipment industry is fragmented with several companies occupying niche areas, and we face competition from different companies with respect to our different products. In the field of geophysical products, Triton Imaging Inc., a US-based company, now part of the ECA Group (Toulon, France), Chesapeake, a US-based company, and Oceanic Imaging Consultants, Hawaii, USA, dominate the market with an estimated of 25% each of world sales, while we believe that we control approximately 5% of world-wide sales.

 

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Motion Sensing Products

 

In the field of motion sensing equipment, where our product addresses a small part of the overall market, we believe that we have four principal competitors: TSS (International) Ltd in Watford, England which is focused on the mid-performance segments with about 25% of the world market; Ixsea, a French company which covers all segments, with about 20% of the market; Kongsberg Seatex, a Norwegian company (part of Kongsberg Gruppen) which has products across all segments, with about 15% of the market; and Applanix, a Canadian company, now part of Trimble which has one major product focused on the high end of the market, with about 20% of the market. We believe that our market share in the field of motion sensing equipment is only about 5%. This market is fiercely competitive and with the advancement of technology, there are new entrants to the market such as SBG Systems (a French based manufacturer of motion sensors). Due to the price pressure in this market, we are selling our products more in conjunction with our real time 3D sonars than on a standalone basis.

 

Real Time 3D Sonar

 

In the field of Real Time 3D imaging, we are unaware of other companies offering a similar product. The entry into this market is dependent upon specialized marine electronics, acoustic and software development skills. The learning curve, which has resulted in the advancement of our real time 3D sonar device, is the culmination of two decades of research and development into this field. We are aware of a number of high profile and substantial competitors’ real time 3D projects that have failed. Over the last several years there have been lower grade sonars entering the market for 3D imaging. Companies such as Tritech International Ltd., United Kingdom, BlueView Technologies Inc., USA (now a part of Teledyne Technologies Incorporated), and Norbit Group AS Norway are examples, but none of these sonar offerings are directly comparable or competitors in respect of our real time 3D solutions. Specifically, we believe that they do not have the same capabilities as our patented Echoscope® technology in terms of generating real time 3D images of submerged objects and environments in low or zero visibility conditions. However, Teledyne has in the last four years acquired a significant number of subsea companies (examples are Reson and BlueView) along with expertise. Teledyne has much greater resources and liquidity than the Company. We therefore can give no assurance that companies such as these will not enter this market.

 

We seek to compete on the basis of producing high quality products employing cutting edge technology that is easy to use by operators without specialized skills in sonar technology. We intend to continue our research and development activities to continually improve our products, seek new applications for our existing products and to develop new innovative products.

 

In our Services Segment, we are exposed to the following competitive challenges:

 

Marine Engineering Businesses

 

Through our marine engineering operations, Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. and Coda Octopus Martech Limited, we are involved in custom engineering for the defense industry in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Martech competes with larger contractors in the defense industry. Typical among these are Ultra Electronics, BAE Systems, and Thales, all of whom are also partners on various projects. In addition, the strongest competitors are often the clients themselves. Because of their size, they often have the option to proceed with a project in-house instead of outsourcing to a sub-contractor like Martech or Colmek.

 

Intellectual Property

 

Our product portfolio and technologies are protected by intellectual property rights including trademarks, copyrights and patents. We have a number of fundamental patents including a patent covering the stitching together of acoustic imagery. This covers the real time acoustic image generation element of what we do, and we believe it provides us with a competitive advantage.

 

Patents

 

Our patented inventions along with our strategy to enhance these inventions are at the heart of the Company’s strategy for growth and development.

 

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Our patent portfolio consists of the following:

 

Patent Number   Description   Expiration Date
US Patent No. 6,438,071   Concerns the “Method for Producing a 3-D Image” and is also recorded in the European Patents Register #EP 1097393 B1; Australia #55375/99 and Norway #307014. This patent relates to the method for producing a 3D image of a submerged object, e.g. a shipwreck or the sea bottom.   June 1, 2019
         
US Patent No. 6,532,192   Concerns “Subsea Positioning System and Apparatus”   July 1, 2019
         
US Patent No. 7,466,628   Concerns a “Method of constructing mathematical representations of objects from reflected sonar signals.”   August 15, 2026
         
US Patent No. 7,489, 592   Concerns a “Method of automatically performing a patch test for a sonar system, where data from a plurality of overlapping 3D sonar scans of a surface, as the platform is moved, are used to compensate for biases in mounting the sonar system on the platform”.   January 19, 2027
         
US Patent No. 7,898,902   Concerns a “method of representation of sonar images” allowing sonar three-dimensional (3D) data to be represented by a two dimensional image.   June 13, 2028
         
US Patent No. 8,059,486   Concerns a method of rendering volume representation of sonar images.   April 16, 2028
         
US Patent No. 8,854,920   Concerns a method of volumetric rendering of three dimensional sonar data sets   September 5, 2032
         
US Patent No. 9,019,795   Method of object tracking using sonar imaging   September 5, 2032

 

Trademarks

 

We own the following registered trademarks: Coda®, Octopus®, CodaOctopus®, Octopus & Design®, F180®, F180 4G Series®, Echoscope®, Echoscope 4G®, Survey Engine®, Dimension®, DAseries®, CodaOctopus®Vantage; CodaOctopus® UIS; CodaOctopus® USE, Sentiris® and Thermite®.

 

We also use the following trademarks: F170™, F175™, F190™, UIS™ TEAM™ and TEAM+™. In addition, we have registered a number of internet domain names.

 

Research and Development

 

During the fiscal years ended 2016 and 2017 we spent approximately $1 million and $1.4 million, respectively, on mainly developing our real time 3D sonar technology (our Products Segment) and Thermite® refresh (our Services Segment).

 

Our products are complex and therefore we can give no assurance that we will be successful in the above-stated objective. Furthermore, even following launch we may not succeed. Moreover, we may incur significant research expenditures without realizing viable products.

 

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Government Regulation

 

Because of the nature of some of our products, they may be subject to United States and other jurisdictions’ export control regimes and may be exported outside these jurisdictions only with the required level of export license or through an export license exception or general export authorization/license.

 

In addition, as a provider for the US Government, we may be subject to numerous laws and regulations relating to the award, administration and performance of US Government contracts, including the False Claims Act. Non-compliance found by any one agency could result in fines, penalties, debarment, or suspension from receiving additional contracts with all US Government agencies. Given our dependence on US Government business, suspension or debarment could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Employees

 

As of the date hereof, we employ worldwide approximately 110 people, of which 11 hold management positions. A large majority of our employees have a background in science, technology and engineering, with a substantial part being educated to degree and PhD level. None of our employees are employed under a collective agreement and we have not experienced any organized labor difficulties in the past.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

 

None.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

Orlando, Florida

 

Our corporate offices are co-located with our subsidiary Coda Octopus Products, Inc. in Orlando where we lease premises on a month to month basis at $1,882 per month.

 

In addition, Coda Octopus Products, Inc., owns a property which it acquired in February 2016. This property is being used by staff who are assigned or seconded from other parts of our Organization to our Florida Office to assist with R&D projects and/or to provide training or demonstration of our products from time to time.

 

Salt Lake City, Utah

 

Coda Octopus Colmek operates from its premises which comprises 16,000 square feet and includes production and R&D Facilities. These premises are owned by Coda Octopus Colmek.

 

Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Current Premises

 

In order to consolidate our activities which were spread over three premises in Edinburgh, on or around January 31, 2017, Coda Octopus Products Ltd acquired a property in Edinburgh, comprising manufacturing facilities, research and development space and offices. The purchase price of the property was the equivalent of $1,512,280 and was paid for in cash. The property is situated in a business park close to Edinburgh Airport and Port Edgar and the Firth of Forth which is ideally located for conducting trials and demonstrations of our products. This new facility has 12,070 square feet of net internal space. This property was reconfigured and upgraded for our specific use and Coda Octopus Products Ltd moved its operation to these new premises on or around May 2017.

 

Offices which we are actively seeking to sub-let for the remainder of the lease terms.

 

Our wholly owned United Kingdom subsidiary, Coda Octopus Products Ltd, leases office space comprising 4,099 square feet in Edinburgh, United Kingdom. These premises were used as offices and we are actively seeking to sub-let these premises for the remainder of its term. If we are not successful we will need to pay the rent and other costs associated with these premises up to February 28, 2019 along with any agreed dilapidations. The annual rent is fixed for the duration of the lease at the British Pounds equivalent of $54,130 (the rent is stated in British Pounds and is therefore subject to exchange rate fluctuations).

 

Production and Repair Services Facilities

 

The lease for these premises has expired on November 14, 2017 and we are currently negotiating dilapidations with the landlord of these premises. These premises were leased and used by our wholly owned United Kingdom subsidiary, Coda Octopus Products Ltd for production workshop space comprising 2,450 square feet in Edinburgh, United Kingdom. The annual rent was the British Pounds equivalent of $26,950 (the rent was stated in British Pounds and is therefore subject to exchange rate fluctuations).

 

Perth, Australia

 

We have a short-term lease for office space comprising 1000 square feet in in Perth, Australia. The lease expires on April 8, 2018. The annual rent is fixed for the duration of the lease at Australian Dollars equivalent of US$11,440. We do not intend to extend this lease upon its expiration.

 

Portland, Dorset, England

 

Martech leases premises from Coda Octopus Products Limited. These premises are located in the Marine Center in Portland, Dorset, United Kingdom, are owned by Coda Octopus Products Ltd and comprise 9,890 square feet. The building comprises both office space and manufacturing and testing facilities. The lease, which is for a period of 5 years, provides for an annual rent of the equivalent of $51,000 (the rent increases by 3% annually and is stated in British Pounds and is therefore subject to exchange rate fluctuations). These premises give easy access to marine facilities such as testing vessels etc.

 

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Bergen, Norway

 

Our wholly owned Norwegian subsidiary, Coda Octopus R&D AS, re-located its facilities on November 30, 2016 and now leases a small facility comprising approximately 300 square feet of office space in a business center. We pay $2,350 on an annual basis (the rent is stated in Norwegian Kroner and is therefore subject to exchange rate variation). This is as a result of the transfer of the production and servicing of the Echoscope® to Edinburgh, UK. The facility now serves as a research and development center for hardware development of our flagship product utilizing our purpose-built laboratories.

 

All non-US Dollar denominated rents are stated according to prevailing exchange rates as of the date of each respective lease agreement.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are currently not aware of any such legal proceedings that we believe will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not Applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock has been traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CODA” since July 19, 2017. Prior thereto, it had been quoted on the OTCQX since February 8, 2017 under the symbol COGI, and prior thereto, on the OTC Pink under the symbol CDOC. The following table sets forth the range of high and low bid prices of our common stock as reported and summarized on the Nasdaq, OTCQX or OTC Pink, as applicable, for the periods indicated. These prices are based on inter-dealer bid and asked prices, without markup, markdown, commissions, or adjustments and may not represent actual transactions.

 

On January 11, 2017, we effected a one for fourteen (1 for 14) reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding common stock. All share prices below have been adjusted retroactively to account for the reverse stock split.

 

Year Ended October 31, 2017  HIGH   LOW 
First Quarter  $4.70   $1.40 
Second Quarter  $6.74   $4.25 
Third Quarter  $4.93   $4.13 
Fourth Quarter  $4.98   $3.91 

 

Year Ended October 31, 2016   HIGH     LOW  
First Quarter   $ 1.54     $ 1.26  
Second Quarter   $ 1.64     $ 1.17  
Third Quarter   $ 2.67     $ 1.26  
Fourth Quarter   $ 2.14     $ 1.68  

 

We have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock, and we currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance the expansion of our business, and we do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The decision whether to pay cash dividends on our common stock will be made by our board of directors, in their discretion, and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements and other factors that the board of directors considers significant.

 

Recent sales of unregistered securities

 

None that are required to be disclosed herein.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OPERATIONS

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The information herein contains forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact made herein are forward looking. In particular, the statements herein regarding industry prospects and future results of operations or financial position are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “believes,” “estimates,” “could,” “possibly,” “probably,” anticipates,” “projects,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” or “should” or other variations or similar words. No assurances can be given that the future results anticipated by the forward-looking statements will be achieved. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current expectations and are inherently uncertain. Our actual results may differ significantly from management’s expectations.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, included herewith. This discussion should not be construed to imply that the results discussed herein will necessarily continue into the future, or that any conclusion reached herein will necessarily be indicative of actual operating results in the future. Such discussion represents only the best present assessment of our management.

 

General Overview

 

We operate two distinct business segments. Our Products Segment designs and manufactures patented real time 3D sonar solutions and other leading products for subsea applications (“Products Segment”). Our Services Segment supplies engineering services to prime defense contractors (“Services Segment”).

 

Our products are used primarily in the underwater construction market, offshore oil and gas, offshore wind energy industry, and in the complex dredging, port security, mining and marine sciences sectors. Our customers include service providers to major oil and gas companies, law enforcement agencies, ports, mining companies, defense bodies, research institutes and universities.

 

Our Services segment supplies engineering services mainly to prime defense contractors such as Raytheon and Northrop Grumman. We have long-standing relationships with prime defense contractors. We support some significant defense programs by supplying and maintaining proprietary parts through obsolescence management programs. These services provide recurring stream of revenues for our Services segment.

 

Historically, the Products Segment generated approximately 70% of our revenues. However, during the last three fiscal years prior to the 2017 period, the Products Segment has generated around 50% of our overall revenues, with the Services Segment growing at a faster pace. However, during the 2017 period, due to the new US administration’s failure to approve the defense budget, many projected sales did not materialize. As a result, the Services Segment revenues fell from 50% of our overall revenues to 39% in the 2017 with the Products Segment generating 61% of revenues in the 2017 period as compared to 50% in the 2016 period. Although the Products Segment generated 61% of the overall revenues in the 2017 period, it is still adversely affected by the contraction in the oil and gas (O&G) industry. Furthermore, due to the effort by O&G companies to restructure their operations, the climate in which we sell is fiercely competitive thus impacting on revenues and gross margins.

 

Nevertheless, we believe that our unique and patented real time 3D solutions are a significant advancement on the current technology available in the subsea sonar imaging market due to its real time capability providing real time volumetric data of underwater targets in low or zero visibility conditions and its capability to image moving objects in the subsea environment. Furthermore, because the technology provides real time imaging of the underwater environment, it enhances safety significantly and delivers substantial productivity gains to our customers, thus reducing their costs. In addition, our real time 3D solution is emerging as the preferred solutions for subsea asset placements because of the technology’s unique ability to image moving targets (such as Accropodes™, X-Blocs, Antifers block placements, mattress placements, landing of installations on the seabed and the like). Due to the decline in the price of oil, many O&G companies are seeking cost effective solutions for their operations. We believe that our real time 3D solution has the potential to revolutionize the technology used in underwater operations particularly where real time visualization is required or zero or low visibility conditions prevail. We also believe that with the proliferation of underwater drones our technology has significant application for the imaging sonar defense market (which is worth billions of dollars annually) as it is the only available off the shelf technology that can image moving targets (such as underwater vehicles) in the water.

 

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Since introducing this product, we have made progress in getting our core real time 3D technology, the Echoscope®, adopted by a significant number of ports in the USA (the CodaOctopus® Underwater Inspection System (which integrates our Echoscope, motion sensing product and hydrographic pole) where it is used for port and harbor security. In 2015 we secured the first sale of our Underwater Inspection System to a foreign government body in East Asia and in 2016 we sold two additional full system to this body. We hope to sell additional systems into this government body as part of their technology upgrade program for the next three years.

 

We have also made progress in expanding the markets (and applications) for our real time 3D sonars. Recently, we have sold a number of systems to mining companies. Increasingly, our customers involved in offshore wind energy and renewables are adopting the technology as the primary tool for scour management, subsea cable installation and associated cable protection tasks.

 

In addition, in recent years we have started to rent our real time 3D solutions with engineering services. Given the contraction in capital expenditures budget in the O&G market, rentals are increasingly becoming an important part of the composition of the Company’s revenues and these O&G operators are more prepared to utilize operational budgets. Furthermore, our rental offering generally yields a higher gross margin for the Company.

 

Our business is affected by a number of factors including those set out below: 

 

A.

The Company’s operations are split between the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Norway. A large proportion of our revenues (approximately 58%) and costs are incurred outside of the USA with a significant part (50% of our total revenues) of that in the United Kingdom (“UK”). In addition, a significant part of our assets (both current and fixed) are held in British Pounds by our foreign subsidiaries.

   
B.On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom voted to exit the European Union. This resulted in significant currency exchange rate fluctuations and volatility in global stock markets including a sharp fall of the British Pound against the US Dollar. The British government has commenced negotiations to determine the terms of the exit from the European Union (so-called “Brexit”). The United Kingdom’s separation could, among other things, disrupt trade and the free movement of goods, services and people between the United Kingdom and the European Union or other countries as well as create legal and global economic uncertainty. Currencies could remain volatile for the foreseeable future.
   
C.Since the Brexit vote, we have suffered adverse currency movements affecting our UK Businesses. In summary, since our reporting currency is the US Dollar, the fall in the British Pound impacts on our revenues, costs and balance sheet valuation.
   
D.Given the lack of comparable precedent, the implications of Brexit or how such implications might affect the Company in the medium to long term are unclear.

 

Further areas of impact include:

 

  i. the price of commodities, in particular O&G. The decline in O&G prices since 2014 with a partial recovery since 2016 has resulted in large scale reductions in capital and operational expenditures, which directly impact on the sales of our products into these and related markets and also our gross margins;
     
  ii. the allocation of funds to defense procurement by governments in the United States and the United Kingdom;
     
  iii. volatility of the markets including the currency market;
     
  iv.

approximately 50% of the Company revenues are transacted and generated in British Pounds by the Company’s subsidiaries in the United Kingdom and therefore we have a currency exposure.. The depreciation of the British Pound against major currencies adversely impacts our revenues as a whole which are reported in U.S. Dollars. Furthermore, a large part of our assets is held in British Pounds while the majority of our liabilities (which comprise our senior secured debentures – see Note 8 of the audited Consolidated Financial Statements) are maintained in U.S. Dollars. In the 2017 period as compared to the same 2016 period, we realized a balance sheet gain on our assets due to a slight gain in the British Pound against the US Dollar prevailing at the balance sheet date of October 31, 2017. In fiscal year 2017 compared to the 2016 period, we incurred a loss from the exchange rate translations in respect of our profit and loss account. See Note 2, paragraph n, of the audited Consolidated Financial Statements October 31, 2017 and 2016 regarding our Foreign Currency Translation policy.

     
  v. global-political uncertainties affecting the markets into which we sell our goods and services;
     
  vi.

global trends which make certain geographical regions more competitive in providing engineering solutions because of lower labor costs (e.g. India and China) are likely to affect our Engineering Businesses in the Group;

     
  vii.

being a small technology company, we are unable to compete for certain specialized electronic engineering skills as our remuneration package is not as competitive as those offered by bigger companies;

     
  viii. the Company has issued and outstanding a promissory note (See Note 8 of the audited Consolidated Financial Statements October 31, 2017 and 2016). This note is secured by all of the Company’s assets in the USA and is also guaranteed by its overseas subsidiaries;

 

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  ix.

we lack the financial resources to advance our flagship technology at the commercially appropriate pace required to capture new markets and increase our sales which could facilitate new entrants to the market. For example, Teledyne Technologies Incorporated, a multi-billion company, has recently acquired a number of subsea companies that may speed up their entry into our market;

     
  x

a significant part of our growth strategy is predicated on our patented real time 3D sonar technology. The technology space is inherently uncertain due to the fast pace of innovations and therefore we can give no assurance that we can maintain our leading position in the real time 3D imaging sonar market or that innovations in other areas may not surpass our unique capability that we currently supply to subsea market; and

     
     
  xi. the Company has limited external sources of capital available, and as such is reliant upon its ability to sell its products and services to provide sufficient working capital for its operations and obligations.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements that have been prepared under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported values of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported levels of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

 

Below is a discussion of accounting policies that we consider critical to an understanding of our financial condition and operating results and that may require complex judgment in their application or require estimates about matters which are inherently uncertain. A discussion of our significant accounting policies, including further discussion of the accounting policies described below, can be found in Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies” of our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Our revenue is derived from sales of underwater technologies and equipment for imaging, mapping, defense and survey applications and from the engineering services which we provide. Revenue is recognized when evidence of a contractual arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the contract price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. No right of return privileges are granted to customers after delivery.

 

For arrangements with multiple deliverables, we recognize product revenue by allocating the revenue to each deliverable based on the relative fair value of each deliverable, and recognize revenue when equipment is delivered, and for installation and other services as they are performed.

 

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Our contracts sometimes require customer payments in advance of revenue recognition. These amounts are reflected as liabilities and recognized as revenue when the Company has fulfilled its obligations under the respective contracts.

 

For software license sales for which any services rendered are not considered essential to the functionality of the software, we recognize revenue upon delivery of the software, provided (1) there is evidence of a contractual arrangement for this, (2) collection of our fee is considered probable and (3) the fee is fixed and determinable.

 

For arrangements that are generated from time and material contracts where there is a signed agreement and approved purchase order in place that specifies the fixed hourly rate and other reimbursable costs to be billed based on material and direct labor hours incurred, revenue is recognized on these contracts based on material and direct labor hours incurred. Revenues from fixed-price contracts are recognized on the percentage-of-completion method, measured by the percentage of costs incurred (materials and direct labor hours) to date to estimated total services (materials and direct labor hours) for each contract. This method is used as expenditures for direct materials and labor hours are considered to be the best available measure of progress on these contracts. Losses on fixed-price contracts are recognized during the period in which the loss first becomes apparent based upon costs incurred to date and the estimated costs to complete as determined by experience from similar contracts. Variations from estimated contract performance could result in adjustments to operating results.

 

Rental Revenue is recognized monthly over the term of the rental period.

 

Recoverability of Deferred Costs

 

We defer costs on projects for service revenue. Deferred costs consist primarily of direct and incremental costs to customize and install systems, as defined in individual customer contracts, including costs to acquire hardware and software from third parties and payroll costs for our employees and other third parties.

 

We recognize such costs in accordance with our revenue recognition policy by contract. For revenue recognized under the completed contract method, costs are deferred until the products are delivered, or upon completion of services or, where applicable, customer acceptance. For revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method, costs are recognized as products are delivered or services are provided in accordance with the percentage of completion calculation. For revenue recognized ratably over the term of the contract, costs are recognized ratably over the term of the contract, commencing on the date of revenue recognition. At each balance sheet date, we review deferred costs, to ensure they are ultimately recoverable. Any anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts are recognized when evidence indicates the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue.

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

We recognize the expense related to the fair value of stock based compensation awards within the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. We use the fair value method for equity instruments granted to non-employees and use the Black-Scholes model for measuring the fair value. The stock based fair value compensation is determined as of the date of the grant or the date at which the performance of the services is completed (measurement date) and is recognized over the periods in which the related services are rendered.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 740, Income Taxes (ASC 740). Under ASC 740, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recorded for the income tax effects of differences between the bases of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and their bases for income tax reporting. The Company’s differences arise principally from the use of various accelerated and modified accelerated cost recovery system for income tax purposes versus straight line depreciation used for book purposes and from the utilization of net operating loss carry-forwards.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the amounts by which the Company’s future income taxes are expected to be impacted by these differences as they reverse. Deferred tax assets are based on differences that are expected to decrease future income taxes as they reverse. Correspondingly, deferred tax liabilities are based on differences that are expected to increase future income taxes as they reverse. Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements discusses the amounts of deferred tax assets and liabilities, and also presents the impact of significant differences between financial reporting income and taxable income.

 

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For income tax purposes, the Company uses the percentage of completion method of recognizing revenues on long-term contracts which is consistent with the Company’s financial reporting under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist principally of the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired (or goodwill), customer relationships, non-compete agreements and licenses. Goodwill was allocated to our reporting units based on the original purchase price allocation. Goodwill is not amortized and is evaluated for impairment annually or more often if circumstances indicate impairment may exist. Customer relationships, non-compete agreements, patents and licenses are being amortized on a straight-line basis over periods of 2 to 10 years. The Company amortizes its limited lived intangible assets using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit. We periodically evaluate the recoverability of intangible assets and take into account events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that indicate that impairment exists.

 

The first step of the goodwill impairment test, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value, which is based on future cash flows, exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill is not considered impaired. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, the second step must be performed to measure the amount of the impairment loss, if any. The second step compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. At the end of each year, we evaluate goodwill on a separate reporting unit basis to assess recoverability, and impairments, if any, are recognized in earnings. An impairment loss would be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the carrying amount of the goodwill over the implied fair value of the goodwill.

 

Consolidated Results of Operations

 

We operate two distinct business segments. Our Marine Technology Business designs and manufactures patented real time 3D sonar solutions and other leading products for subsea applications (“Products Segment”). Our Marine Engineering Business supplies engineering services to prime defense contractors (“Services Segment”).

 

Our Products Segment sells its products and associated services to the offshore wind energy, dredging and marine construction, marine and port security, mining including deep sea mining, marine sciences sector and oil and gas sector. This segment generated approximately 61% and 50% of our total revenues for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Our Services Segment largely sells its services into prime and sub-prime defense contractors. This segment generated approximately 39% and 50% of our total revenues for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. This segment continues to be an important part of the Group’s revenues plan and, in particular, our subsidiary Coda Octopus Colmek.

 

Comparison of fiscal year ended October 31, 2017 (“2017 period”) to fiscal year ended October 31, 2016 (“2016 period”)

 

Throughout this discussion, “the 2017 period” means the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017. Similarly, “the 2016 period” means the fiscal year ended October 31, 2016.

 

See Segment information below for a full breakout of the financial performance of each Segment for the 2017 and 2016 periods, respectively.

 

The information provided below pertains to the consolidated analysis of both segments (Products and Services) operating in our Group.

 

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Revenue: Total revenues in the 2017 and 2016 periods were $18,025,173 and $21,118,319, respectively, representing a 14.6% decrease in the 2017 period.

 

The reason for the decline in our revenues during the 2017 period is the delay by the new US administration in approving defense spending (and budget). This has resulted in prime defense contractors not finalizing contracts with Coda Octopus Colmek (a part of our Services Segment) that were anticipated in our Business Plan for the 2017 period. Accordingly, during the 2017 period, revenues generated by our Services segment were $7,038,905 as compared to $10,534,178 during the 2016 period (a decline of 33.2% (See break out in Segment Analysis on page F-25 of this report)). Although these opportunities which were projected in the 2017 period have not gone away, this segment continues to be impacted by the uncertainty around the timescales for the approval of the defense budget by the new administration.

 

Our outlook for this segment in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 is that its results will be significantly impacted by this ongoing delay, thus resulting in an overall decline in the Group’s revenues during the first quarter of 2018 fiscal year.

 

During the 2017 period, the Company had one customer from whom it generated sales greater than 10% of net revenues. Revenue from this customer was $4,036,591, or 22% of net revenues during the period. Total accounts receivable from this customer at October 31, 2017 was $289,571 or 21% of accounts receivable.

 

Gross Margin: Margins were 66.4% in the 2017 period (gross profit of $11,967,725) compared to 59.9% (gross profit of $12,652,997) in the 2016 period representing an increase of 6.6 percentage points. The increase in gross margin reflects the different mix of sales in the 2017 period, in particular, the Products Segment generated more revenues than the Services Segment and the Products Segment in general yields a greater gross margin on the sale or rental of its products.

 

Research and Development (R&D): R&D expenditures increased by 36.2% from $1,013,125 in the 2016 period to $1,380,381 in the 2017 period and was in line with our budgetary plans for the 2017 period.

 

The increase in our R&D expenditure in the 2017 period reflects an increase in our R&D expenditure in the Services Segment.

 

R&D expenditures in the Products Segment decreased by 9.2% from $1,013,125 in the 2016 period as compared to $919,863 in the 2017 period. In the 2018 fiscal year however, we would anticipate this category of expenditures to increase substantially in the Products Segment as we are investing in the advancement of our fourth generation of products (“4G”) and to this end, we plan to recruit up to 14 new members of staff in this segment as part of our efforts to advance our product development program. Our goal will be to bring more competitively priced and technologically advanced products in this range to the market under a 12-18 months product roll out plan. The first of our series of products in our 4G of products was launched on January 16, 2018. Nevertheless, it should be noted that we may incur significant research expenditures without realizing viable products or we may not be successful in the launch of new products.

 

R&D expenditures in the Services Segment were $460,518 in the 2017 period compared to nil in the 2016 period. These expenditures were in line with our budgetary plans as we are investing significantly in the refreshing the Thermite® range of products which is a significant part of our growth strategy (Services Segment). The Thermite® is a product which we acquired from Quantum 3D in 2014 and it has a prestigious customer base. We believe that the technically refreshed Thermite presents a substantial opportunity to grow this part of our business.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A): SG&A expenditures for the 2017 period increased to $6,769,327 from $6,101,227 for the 2016 period, an increase of 11.0%. The increase in our SG&A expenditures in the 2017 period is broadly attributed to the increased costs associated with becoming a SEC reporting company and listing on the NASDAQ exchange. Approximately $100,000 of the increased amount in our SG&A expenditures constitutes non-recurring costs associated with these activities.

 

Key Areas of SG&A Expenditure across the Group for the year ended October 31, 2017 compared to the year ended October 31, 2016

 

Expenditure   October 31, 2017     October 31, 2016     Percentage Change
Wages and Salaries   $ 4,010,778     $ 4,161,838     Decrease of 3.6%
Legal and Professional Fees (including accounting, audit and investment banking services)   $ 934,937     $ 757,405     Increase of 23.4%
Rent for our various locations   $ 101,728     $ 251,957     Decrease of 59.6%
Marketing   $ 222,589     $ 149,790     Increase of 48.6%

 

Although there is a modest decrease in Wages and Salaries we would expect in the 2018 fiscal year this category to increase to reflect the investments we are making in bringing in more staff to expedite the advancement of our 4G products which we are developing.

 

The increase in our Legal and Professional Fees in the 2017 period is attributed to the increased costs associated with becoming a SEC reporting company and our listing on the NASDAQ.

 

Upon surrender of our leased properties in Edinburgh, we would anticipate that the category of expenditures constituting “Rent” will decrease significantly.

 

We also expect that the category Marketing expenditures in the fiscal year 2018 will increase to reflect increased marketing efforts on our new generation of products both in the Products and Services Segment. Furthermore, the Products Segment will be demonstrating our products at the biggest Industry event in 2018 (“Oceanology 2018) and there are significant costs associated with these activities.

 

27

 

 

Operating Income: Operating Income for the 2017 period declined by 31.1% and was $3,818,017 as compared to $5,538,645 in the 2016 period.

 

The decrease in Operating Income in the 2017 period compared to the 2016 period is attributed to the decline in our revenues by 14.6% for the reasons discussed earlier, in conjunction with material increases in both our SG&A expenditures and our R&D expenditures by 11.8% and 36.2% respectively, in the 2017 period.

 

Interest Expense: Interest expense during the 2017 period was $597,011 compared to $856,432 during the 2016 period, representing an overall 30.3% decrease.

 

This category of expenditure is related to interest payable under (i) Senior Secured Convertible Debentures (SSCD) which was entered into on or around February 21, 2007, where we paid six months of interest payments in the 2017 period. The amounts outstanding under the SSCD were repaid in full on or around April 28, 2017; and (ii) newly entered into Senior Secured Debentures with HSBC NA on or around April 28, 2017 and where we have paid six months interest in the 2017 period and (iii) interest payable on loan by the CEO to one of our subsidiaries, Coda Octopus Colmek. The reduction is due to the cancellation of the previous SSCD which attracted 8.5% interest per annum and the introduction of a more favorable interest rates of 4.56% now in place under the HSBC Senior Secured Debentures. Going forward on an annualized basis we would anticipate annual interest expenditures on the HSBC NA Debentures to fall and will be approximately $285,000 (in 2018) and $182,000 (2019), as under the repayment terms we are also repaying principal amounts. The amortization schedule for this loan is set out in Note 8 of the audited Consolidated Financial Statement of October 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

Other Income: This category was $121,278 in the 2017 period as compared to $172,090 in the 2016 period representing a decrease of 29.5%. The make-up of this category is UK Value Added Tax rebates from purchases made outside of the European Union by our UK operations and is subject to fluctuations as it usually reflects Value Added Tax rebates (equivalent of the US Sales Tax) from purchases made outside of the European Union by our UK operations and changes according to the level of purchases we make outside of the European Union in the period.

 

Net Income for the year ended October 31, 2017 compared to the year ended October 31, 2016

 

Net Income for the 2017 period was $3,339,663 compared to $4,930,548 for the 2016 period, representing a decrease of 32.3%. Net Income fell due to the significant decline in our revenues in the 2017 period in conjunction with material increases in both our SG&A and R&D expenditures for the 2017 period. See earlier discussions in MD&A Section for the reasons revenues declined in the 2017 period and SG&A & R&D expenditures increased. The decline in revenues also resulted in the Services Segment breaking even in the 2017 period (See Segment Analysis section of this report) combined with material increases in both our SG&A and R&D expenditures in the 2017 period. See earlier discussions in the R&D and SG&A section of this MD&A report.

 

Comprehensive Income for the year ended October 31, 2017 compared to the year ended October 31, 2016

 

Year Ended October 31, 2017     Year Ended October 31, 2016     Percentage Change
$ 3,638,669     $ 2,219,595     Increase of 63.9%

 

For the 2016 period we suffered a significant loss of $2,710,953 in foreign currency translation adjustments of the values of our UK assets included in our financial statements due to the depreciation of the value of the British pound, a part of the so-called Brexit effect. For the 2017 period we recorded a gain of $299,006 on foreign currency translation adjustments due to the British pound strengthening against the US dollar over the 2017 period.

 

Since the UK decided to leave the European Union the British pound has been falling significantly against the US dollar (see Note 2 paragraph n of Notes to the audited Consolidated Financial Statements for October 31, 2017 and 2016 for fuller information regarding our Foreign Currency Translation policy).

 

Segment Analysis

 

We are operating in two reportable segments, which are managed separately based upon fundamental differences in their operations. Segment operating income is total segment revenue reduced by operating expenses identifiable with the business segment. Overhead includes general corporate administrative costs.

 

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The Company evaluates performance and allocates resources based upon operating income. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of accounting policies.

 

There are inter-segment sales in the table below which have been eliminated from our financial statements. However, for the purpose of segment reporting, these are included in the table below only.

 

The following tables summarize certain balance sheet and statement of operations information by reportable segment for the financial years ending October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

    Marine Technology Business (Products)     Marine Engineering Business (Services)     Overhead     Total  
                         
Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2017                                
                                 
Revenues from External Customers   $ 10,986,268     $ 7,038,905     $ -     $ 18,025,173  
                                 
Cost of Revenues     2,246,881       3,810,567       -       6,057,448  
                                 
Gross Profit     8,739,387       3,228,338       -       11,967,725  
                                 
Research & Development     919,863       460,518       -       1,380,381  
Selling, General & Administrative     3,220,635       2,714,054       834,638       6,769,327  
                                 
Total Operating Expenses     4,140,498       3,174,572       834,638       8,149,708  
                                 
Operating Income (Loss)     4,598,889       53,766       (834,638 )     3,818,017  
                                 
Other Income (Expense)                                
                                 
Other Income     117,106       4,172       -       121,278  
Interest (Expense) Income     (709,763 )     (56,697 )     169,449       (597,011 )
                                 
Total other income (expense)     (592,657 )     (52,525 )     169,449       (475,733 )
                                 
Income (Loss) before income taxes     4,006,232       1,241       (665,189 )     3,342,284  
                                 
Income tax benefit (expense)     22,578       -       (25,199 )     (2,621
                                 
Net Income   $ 4,028,810     $ 1,241     $ (690,388 )   $ 3,339,663  
                                 
Supplemental Disclosures                                
                                 
Total Assets   $ 12,374,214     $ 11,479,953     $ 205,906     $ 24,060,073  
                                 
Total Liabilities     1,109,003       1,475,442       7,648,208       10,232,653  
                                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above     1,895,015       387,142       1,797,775       4,079,932  
                                 
Depreciation and Amortization     528,667       412,220       12,739       953,626  
                                 
Purchases of Long-lived Assets     2,419,093       129,989       12,470       2,561,552  

 

29

 

 

    Marine Technology Business (Products)     Marine Engineering Business (Services)     Overhead     Total  
                         
Fiscal Year Ended October 31, 2016                                
                                 
Revenues from External Customers   $ 10,584,141     $ 10,534,178     $ -     $ 21,118,319  
                                 
Cost of Revenues     3,081,892       5,383,430       -       8,465,322  
                                 
Gross Profit     7,502,249       5,150,748       -       12,652,997  
                                 
Research & Development     1,013,125       -       -       1,013,125  
Selling, General & Administrative     2,848,809       2,785,195       467,223       6,101,227  
                                 
Total Operating Expenses     3,861,943       2,785,195       467,223       7,114,352  
                                 
Operating Income (Loss)     3,640,315       2,365,553       (467,223 )     5,538,645  
                                 
Other Income (Expense)                                
                                 
Other Income     166,449       5,641       -       172,090  
Interest (Expense) Income     (813,402 )     (277,875 )     234,845       (856,432 )
                                 
Total other income (expense)     (646,953 )     (272,234 )     234,845       (684,342 )
                                 
Income (Loss) before income taxes     2,993,362       2,093,319       (232,378 )     4,854,303  
                                 
Income tax refund (expense)     139,619       (39,783 )     (23,591 )     76,245  
                                 
Net Income (Loss)   $ 3,132,981     $ 2,053,536     $ (255,969 )   $ 4,930,548  
                                 
Supplemental Disclosures                                
                                 
Total Assets   $ 11,649,606     $ 10,883,182     $ 302,732     $ 22,835,520  
                                 
Total Liabilities     1,381,048       1,019,074       10,280,885       12,681,007  
                                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above     1,871,801       330,098       1,164,250       3,366,149  
                                 
Depreciation and Amortization     503,327       293,219       12,831       809,377  
                                 
Purchases of Long-lived Assets     604,607       (2,857 )     12,470       614,220  

 

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The Company’s reportable business segments operate in three geographic locations: the United States, Europe and Australia.

 

Information concerning principal geographic areas is presented below according to the area where the activity is taking place for the years ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 respectively:

 

External Revenues by Geographic Locations   USA     Europe     Australia     Total  
Year ended October 31, 2017   $ 7,499,900     $ 9,056,589     $ 1,468,684     $ 18,025,173  
Year ended October 31, 2016   $ 11,116,336     $ 8,398,768     $ 1,603,215     $ 21,118,319  

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At October 31, 2017, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $36,982,937, working capital surplus of $11,140,403 and stockholders’ equity of $13,827,420. For the period then ended, the Company generated cash flow from operations of $4,840,392.

 

We believe that our current level of cash and cash generation will be sufficient to meet our future short- and medium-term liquidity needs. At October 31, 2017, we had cash on hand of approximately $6.9 million and both billed and unbilled receivables of approximately $4.1 million. Our current cash balance represents approximately one-year of Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. The Company continues to critically evaluate the level of expenses that we incur and reduce those expenses as appropriate. See also Note 15 - Subsequent Events in our audited Consolidated Financial Statements - covering the recent private placement transaction completed on January 29, 2018. The proceeds will increase our liquidity and working capital resources.

 

Our main liquidity issues are funding of our research and development program (“R&D”) which requires significant expenditures in bringing on new skills and resources and incurring non-recoverable and non-recurring engineering costs for researching, developing and prototyping products; and managing our currency exposure because of our operations in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia and servicing our senior security debentures.

 

Our Colmek subsidiary received a $1 million loan from the CEO of Coda to fund the purchase of long lead-time inventory (which are typically on between 12- 32 weeks lead time cycle) in order to be able to comply with delivery dates for contracts when they are secured. The repayment date of this loan has been extended to November 30, 2018.

 

Substantially all our properties are owned by the Company and there are no mortgage obligations on those properties.

 

We have a significant concern about adverse currency fluctuations and the effect that those currency fluctuations have on our operations and profitability. As mentioned previously, the United Kingdom’s potential exit from the European Union (“Brexit”) has had a significant negative effect on the value of the British pound versus the U. S. dollar. A significant portion of our business is in the United Kingdom and the substantial decrease in the value of the British pound is reflected in lower revenues for our product sales. In addition, all our loans are denominated in U. S. dollars, which means that the dollar value of those loans has effectively gone up since these are partially serviced with British Pounds. While we have chosen not to hedge any of our currency exposure, we continue to evaluate the need to do so and will consider a hedging strategy when, and if, appropriate.

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash generated from operating activities for the year ended October 31, 2017 was $4,840,392. We recorded net income for the period of $3,339,663. Other items in uses and sources of funds from operations included non-cash charges related to depreciation and amortization and stock based compensation, which collectively totaled $1,057,684. Changes in operating assets increased net cash from operating activities by $1,224,062 and changes in current liabilities decreased net cash from operating activities by $701,784.

 

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Investing Activities

 

Net cash used by investing activities for the year ended October 31, 2017 was $2,043,055 due to the sale and purchase of fixed assets.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the year ended October 31, 2017 was $1,846,571 as a result of paying down the debt of the Company and redeeming the Series C preferred stock.

 

Secured Promissory Note

 

On April 28, 2017, Coda Octopus Group, Inc. (the “Company”) together with its wholly owned US subsidiaries, Coda Octopus Products, Inc. and Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. (together, the “Subsidiaries”), entered into a loan agreement with HSBC Bank NA (the “Lender”) for a loan in the principal amount of $8,000,000 (the “Loan”). The annual interest rate is fixed at 4.56%. Commencing on May 28, 2017 and continuing on the 28th day of each month thereafter, the Company is required to make monthly principal and interest payments of $149,350 until April 28, 2022 (making our annual payments under this Note $1,792,200). In addition, within 30 days after the delivery to the Lender of the Company’s annual audited consolidated financial statements, the Company is required to make an annual principal payment of $700,000 during the term of the Loan. Such annual payments will reduce the balance of the principal outstanding. As a result, it is expected that the Loan will be repaid within a period of approximately 45 months. The Loan may be prepaid in whole or in part at any time subject to a break funding charge as detailed in the promissory note evidencing the Loan.

 

The obligations in connection with the repayment of the Loan are secured by all assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries. In addition, the repayment of the Loan is guaranteed by three of the Company’s overseas subsidiaries. 

 

The proceeds from the Loan were used to repay in its entirety the outstanding principal balance of $8,000,000 under secured debentures (the “Debentures”) that were issued by the Company in February 2007 and that were most recently held by CCM Holdings, LLC. (“CCM”). In addition, accrued and unpaid interest under the said Debentures of approximately $1,133,261 was satisfied through the issuance to CCM of 1,000 shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001, with a stated value of $1,000 each (the “Preferred Stock”). The Company paid the balance in cash.

 

As of October 31, 2017, the Company is indebted to the lender in the amount of $7,279,353. See Note 8 to the audited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Private Placement

 

On January 29, 2018, the Company consummated the sale and issuance of 1,125,950 shares of its common stock in a private placement of shares of common stock at $4.40 per share (the “Offering”).  Total gross proceeds from the Offering were $4,954,180.  The purchase price per share was based on a 10% discount of the volume weighted average price (VWAP) of the common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market for the 30-consecutive trading-day period ending on January 22, 2018.

 

Under the terms of the Offering, the Company is required to file a re-sale registration statement prior to May 30, 2018 with respect to the shares issued in the Offering.  For a period of 36 months, the investors also have the right to purchase, based on their pro-rata ownership of common stock, shares (or securities convertible into shares) offered in subsequent offerings, subject to certain limited exceptions.

 

Foreign Currency

 

The Company maintains its books in local currency: US Dollars for its US operations, Pounds Sterling for its United Kingdom operations, Norwegian and Danish Kroner for its Norwegian and Danish operations respectively and Australian Dollars for its Australian operations.

 

For the fiscal year ended 2017, 42% of the Company’s operations were conducted inside the United States and 58% outside the United States through its wholly owned subsidiaries. As a result, fluctuations in currency exchange rates may significantly affect the Company’s sales, profitability and financial position when the foreign currencies of its international operations are translated into U.S. dollars for financial reporting. In addition, we are also subject to currency fluctuation risk with respect to certain foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. Although the Company cannot predict the extent to which currency fluctuations may affect the Company’s business and financial position, there is a risk that such fluctuations will have an adverse impact on the Company’s sales, profits and financial position. Because differing portions of our revenues and costs are denominated in foreign currency, movements could impact our margins by, for example, decreasing our foreign revenues when the dollar strengthens and not correspondingly decreasing our expenses. The Company does not currently hedge its currency exposure. In the future, we may engage in hedging transactions to mitigate foreign exchange risk.

 

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The translation of the Company’s UK operations’ British Pound denominated balance sheets and results of operations into US dollars was affected by changes in the average value of the US dollar against the British Pound. The average exchange rate during the 2017 period was $1.2829 USD to the GBP against $1.3860 during the 2016 period – a depreciation of the value of the GBP against the USD of 7.4%.

 

The translation of the Company’s Australian operations’ Australian Dollar denominated balance sheets and results of operations into US dollars was affected by changes in the average value of the US dollar against the Australian Dollar. The average exchange rate during the 2017 period was $0.7626 USD to the AUD against $0.7429 during the 2016 period – an appreciation of the value of the AUD against the USD of 2.6%.

 

The translation of the Company’s Norwegian operation’s Norwegian Kroner (NOK) denominated balance sheets and results of operations into US dollars has been affected by the currency fluctuations of the US dollar against the NOK from an average rate of $0.1189 during the 2016 period, to $0.1206 during the 2017 period - an appreciation of the value of the NOK against the USD of 1.4%. These are the values that have been used in the calculations below.

 

We have not included the Danish kroner in this schedule as there were no operations in the Danish subsidiary during the 2017 period.

 

The impact of these currency fluctuations on the 2017 period is shown below:

 

    British Pounds     Australian Dollar     Norwegian Kroner     US Dollar  
    Actual     Constant     Actual     Constant     Actual     Constant     Total  
    Results     Rates     Results     Rates     Results     Rates     Effect  
Revenues     9,176,478       9,913,932       1,466,123       1,428,287       0       0       (699,618 )
Costs     (6,771,990 )     (7,316,211 )     (641,425 )     (624,872 )     (130,524 )     (128,638 )     525,783  
Net profit (losses)     2,404,488       2,597,721       824,698       803,415       (130,524 )     (128,638 )     (173,835 )
Assets     12,143,971       11,157,797       483,833       480,161       36,070       35,752       990,166  
Liabilities     (901,649 )     (828,428 )     (919 )     (912 )     (5,407 )     (5,359 )     (73,275 )
Net assets     11,242,322       10,329,368       482,914       479,248       30,663       30,393       916,891  

 

This table shows that the effect of constant exchange rates, versus the actual exchange rate fluctuations, decreased net income for the year by $173,835 and increased net assets by $916,891. All of these amounts are material to our overall financial results.

 

As a result of the decision by British voters to leave the European Union, we expect economic uncertainty to increase until the negotiations for the British exit have been completed and the relationship between the UK and the EU has been solidified. This uncertainty will most likely continue to have a profound effect on the value of the British Pound. Since approximately 50% of our revenues are transacted and generated in that British Pound, we expect our revenues to continue to be impacted by the adverse movement of the British Pound against the US Dollar. We also expect our direct costs of sales for components sourced outside of the UK for our UK operations to increase. Furthermore, our balance sheet will be affected since a significant part of our assets (fixed and current) are held in British Pounds by our UK subsidiaries.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements.

 

Inflation

 

The effect of inflation on the Company’s operating results was not significant during the 2017 period.

 

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Seasonality

 

Results of operations for our products segment are impacted by the offshore drilling season. During the winter months, when less offshore drilling takes place, demand for our oil and gas related technology is typically at its lowest.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Reference is made to the Index of Financial statements following Part III of this Report for a listing of the Company’s financial statements and notes thereto.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

The Company’s management, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial (and principal accounting) Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of October 31, 2017. Based upon that evaluation the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

  

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, a public company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) including those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company, (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company, and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Group Financial Officer, has assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2017. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

 

Based on our assessment and the criteria discussed above, the Company has concluded that, as of October 31, 2017, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was ineffective due to the reasons described below.

 

We identified material weaknesses which are indicative of many small companies with limited staffing levels resulting in inadequate review procedures. We have taken remedial actions by implementing new controls over our review procedures involved in posting and review of our financial transactions.

 

We are constantly seeking ways of remediating the identified weaknesses and have started the process of introducing some controls in the area we have identified as a material weakness within the Company.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act, that occurred during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The following persons are the executive officers and directors as of the date hereof:

 

Name   Age   Position
Annmarie Gayle   51   Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
Michael Midgley   65   Chief Financial Officer, Chief Executive Officer of Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc.
Blair Cunningham   48   President of Technology
Michael Hamilton   70   Director
Francis (Chuck) Rogers   75   Director
Per Wimmer   49   Director
Nina Hoque   54   Director
Mary Losty   58   Director

 

Annmarie Gayle has been our Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors since 2011 and our Chairman since March 2017. She is also our Chief Executive Officer for our flagship products business, Coda Octopus Products, Limited (UK) since 2013. Prior thereto, she spent two years assisting with the restructuring of our Company. She previously served with the Company as Senior Vice President of Legal Affairs between 2006 and 2007. Earlier in her career she worked for a major London law practice, the United Nations and the European Union. Ms. Gayle has a strong background in restructuring and has spent more than 12 years in a number of countries where she has been the lead adviser to a number of transitional administrations on privatizing banks and reforming state-owned assets in the Central Eastern European countries including banking, infrastructure, mining and telecommunications assets. Ms. Gayle has also managed a number of large European Union funded projects. Ms. Gayle holds a Law degree gained at the University of London and a Masters of Law degree in International Commercial Law from Cambridge University. She is qualified to practice as a solicitor in England & Wales. Because of her wealth of experience in corporate governance, large scale project management, restructuring, strategy, structuring and managing corporate transactions, we believe that she is highly qualified to act as our Chief Executive Officer.

 

Michael Midgley has been our Chief Financial Officer since December 2017 and our acting Chief Financial Officer since 2013. He has also been Chief Executive Officer of Colmek since 2010, which he joined in 2008. He is a qualified CPA and has had his own practice as well as working for regional accounting firms, specializing in SEC and Tax practice areas. Mr. Midgley attended the University of Utah where he obtained a BA in Accounting. Due to Mr. Midgley’s expertise in financial reporting, we believe that he is highly qualified to serve as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer.

 

Blair Cunningham has been with the Company since July 2004 and has had a number of roles including President of Technology and CEO of Coda Octopus Products, Inc. (current positions), Chief Technology Officer since 2005 and Technical Manager of Coda Octopus Products Ltd between July 2004 and July 2005. Mr. Cunningham received an HND in Computer Science in 1989 from Moray College of Further Education, Elgin, Scotland. Because of Mr. Cunningham’s expertise in technology, systems software development and project management, the Company believes that he is highly qualified to serve in his current roles.

 

Michael Hamilton was our Chairman of the Board between June 2010 and March 2017. He is currently serving as an independent director of our Board. Since 2014, Mr. Hamilton has provided accounting and valuation services for a varied list of clients. He was Senior Vice President of Powerlink Transmission Company from 2011 through 2014. From 1988 to 2003, he was an audit partner at PriceWaterhouseCoopers. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from St. Frances College and is a certified public accountant and is accredited in business valuation. Because of Mr. Hamilton’s background in auditing, strategic corporate finance solutions, financial management and financial reporting, we believe that he is highly qualified to be a member of our Board of Directors.

 

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Chuck (Francis) Rogers has been a member of our Board of Directors since July 2016. Since 2014, he has been affiliated with Score and KMDR, LLC, a California based financial and business consultancy firm. Mr. Rogers was President and Chief Executive Officer of three diverse businesses from 1998 to 2014; the most significant was the ASC Group, Inc., an electronics systems integrator serving the defense and aerospace market worldwide. He holds a B.S. in Ceramic Engineering from Alfred University and an MA in Economics and Finance from St. Mary’s University. Because of his experience in running large companies and financial expertise, we believe that Mr. Rogers is highly qualified to be a member of our Board of Directors.

 

Per Wimmer has been a director since May 2017. Since 2011, Mr. Wimmer has been the Chief Executive Officer of Wimmer Family Office, a London based private investment firm founded by him. In 2007, he founded Wimmer Financial, a merchant bank/corporate advisory firm specializing in natural resources, real estate, infrastructure, aviation, shipping and project debt financing. Prior thereto, he was active in the institutional sales area at Goldman Sachs & Co.’s New York and London offices where he focused his attention primarily on advising Scandinavian financial institutions. Mr. Wimmer holds law degrees from the University of Copenhagen and the University of London. He also earned a Master of Public Administration from Harvard University with concentrations in business, finance and international relations. Mr. Wimmer is the author of a number of books including “Wall Street” that discusses bubbles in the financial markets, and “The Green Bubble”, that promotes the argument that for green energy to be truly sustainable, it must be commercially sustainable. His interests are wide ranging and include space travel and exploration. He has completed space training and has been working closely with Richard Branson to develop Virgin Galactic’s space program. The Company’s board of directors believes that Mr. Wimmer’s extensive experience in global finance and cross border investments makes him highly qualified to be a member of our Board of Directors.

 

Nina Hoque has been a director since June 2017. Since 2009, Ms. Hoque has been the principal of Hoque Consulting, a London based consulting firm that provides legal counseling for financial institutions and other commercial enterprises. Prior to that time she was engaged in the private practice of law as both an associate and partner in a number of major international firms in Canada, the Czech Republic and, for the past 19 years, London, UK. She has wide ranging experience in corporate and financial transactions. Ms. Hoque holds an LL.M. from Georgetown University Law Centre and an LL.B. from Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, North York, Ontario. She is licensed to practice in England and Wales. We believe that Ms. Hoque’s extensive experience as a finance and corporate lawyer leading and completing major corporate and commercial transactions including infrastructure projects and selling and purchasing of major businesses makes her highly qualified to be a member of our Board of Directors.

 

Mary Losty has been a director since July 2017. She is a private investor in both US equities and real estate. She currently serves as Commissioner on both Dorchester County and the City of Cambridge, Maryland’s Planning and Zoning Commissions. She also serves as a Committeeman for the Eastern Shore Land Conservancy as well as the Pine Street Committee of Cambridge, MD. She served as a member of the Board of Procera Networks, Inc. from March 2007 until that company was successfully sold in June 2015 to a private equity firm. She was a member of that company’s Audit Committee and the former Chairman of the Nominating and Governance Committee. Ms. Losty was a director of Blue Earth, Inc. (formerly Genesis Fluid Solutions Holdings, Inc.) from 2009 to 2011. Ms. Losty retired in 2010 as the General Partner at Cornwall Asset Management, LLC, a portfolio management firm located in Baltimore, Maryland, where she was responsible for the firm’s investment in numerous companies since 1998. Ms. Losty’s prior experience includes working as a portfolio manager at Duggan & Associates from 1992 to 1998 and as an equity research analyst at M. Kimelman & Company from 1990 to 1992. Prior to that, she worked as an investment banker at Morgan Stanley and Co., and for several years prior to that she was the top aide to James R. Schlesinger, a five-time U.S. cabinet secretary. Ms. Losty received both her BS and JD from Georgetown University, the latter with magna cum laude distinction. We believe that Ms. Losty’s extensive dealings with the investment community makes her highly qualified to be a member of our Board of Directors.

 

Family Relationships

 

None of our Directors are related by blood, marriage, or adoption to any other Director, executive officer, or other key employees.

 

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Board Leadership Structure

 

The Board of Directors is currently chaired by the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, Annmarie Gayle. The Company believes that combining the positions of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors helps to ensure that the Board of Directors and management act with a common purpose. Integrating the positions of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman can provide a clear chain of command to execute the Company’s strategic initiatives. The Company also believes that it is advantageous to have a Chairman with an extensive history with and knowledge of the Company. Notwithstanding the combined role of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, key strategic initiatives and decisions involving the Company are discussed and approved by the entire Board of Directors. The Company believes that the current leadership structure and processes maintains an effective oversight of management and independence of the Board of Directors as a whole without separate designation of a lead independent director. However, the Board of Directors will continue to monitor its functioning and will consider appropriate changes to ensure the effective independent function of the Board of Directors in its oversight responsibilities.

 

Independence of the Board of Directors and its Committees

 

After review of all relevant transactions or relationships between each director, or any of his or her family members, and the Company, its senior management and its Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, the Board of Directors has determined that all of the Company’s directors are independent within the meaning of the applicable NASDAQ listing standards, except Ms. Gayle, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. The Board of Directors met four times and acted by unanimous written consent four times during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017. Each member of the Board of Directors attended all meetings of the Board of Directors held in the last fiscal year during the period for which he or she was a director and of the meetings of the committees on which he or she served held in the last fiscal year during the period for which he or she was a committee member.

 

The Board of Directors has three committees: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Nominating Committee. Below is a description of each committee of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors has determined that each member of each committee meets the applicable rules and regulations regarding “independence” and that each member is free of any relationship that would interfere with his individual exercise of independent judgment with regard to the Company.

 

Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors oversees the Company’s corporate accounting and financial reporting process. For this purpose, the Audit Committee performs several functions. The Audit Committee, among other things: evaluates the performance, and assesses the qualifications, of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm; determines and pre-approves the engagement of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm to perform all proposed audit, review and attest services; reviews and pre-approves the retention of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm to perform any proposed, permissible non-audit services; determines whether to retain or terminate the existing Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm or to appoint and engage a new independent registered Public Accounting Firm for the ensuing year; confers with management and the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm regarding the effectiveness of internal controls over financial reporting; establishes procedures as required under applicable law, for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the confidential and anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters; reviews the financial statements to be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and recommends whether or not such financial statements should be so included; and discusses with management and the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm the results of the annual audit and review of the Company’s quarterly financial statements.

 

The Audit Committee is currently composed of four outside directors: Michel Hamilton (Chairman), Chuck Rogers, Nina Hoque and Mary Losty. The Audit Committee met two times during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017. The Audit Committee Charter is available on the Company’s website, www.codaoctopusgroup.com.

 

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The Board of Directors periodically reviews the NASDAQ listing standards’ definition of independence for Audit Committee members and has determined that all members of the Company’s Audit Committee are independent (as independence is currently defined in Rule 5605(c)(2)(A) of the NASDAQ listing standards and Rule 10A-3(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). The Board of Directors has determined that Michael Hamilton qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert,” as defined in applicable SEC rules. The Board of Directors made a qualitative assessment of Mr. Hamilton’s level of knowledge and experience based on a number of factors, including his formal education and his service in executive capacities having financial oversight responsibilities.

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors reviews, modifies and approves the overall compensation strategy and policies for the Company. The Compensation Committee, among other things: reviews and approves corporate performance goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of the Company’s officers; determines and approves the compensation and other terms of employment of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer; determines and approves the compensation and other terms of employment of the other officers of the Company; and administers the Company’s stock option and purchase plans, pension and profit sharing plans and other similar programs.

 

The Compensation Committee is composed of three outside directors: Michael Hamilton (Chair), Chuck Rogers and Per Wimmer. All members of the Compensation Committee are independent (as independence is currently defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards). The Compensation Committee has not met during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017. The Compensation Committee Charter is available on the Company’s website, www.codaoctopusgroup.com.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

No member of our compensation committee has at any time been an employee of ours. None of our executive officers serves as a member of the board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers serving as a member of our board of directors or compensation committee.

 

Nominating Committee

 

The Nominating Committee of the Board of Directors is responsible for, among other things: identifying, reviewing and evaluating candidates to serve as directors of the Company; reviewing, evaluating and considering incumbent directors; recommending to the Board of Directors for selection candidates for election to the Board of Directors; making recommendations to the Board of Directors regarding the membership of the committees of the Board of Directors; and assessing the performance of the Board of Directors.

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee is currently composed of four outside directors: Chuck Rogers (Chair), Per Wimmer, Michael Hamilton and Mary Losty as of December 31, 2017. All members of the Nominating Committee are independent (as independence is currently defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards). The Nominating Committee has not met during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017. The Nominating Committee Charter is available on the Company’s website, www.codaoctopusgroup.com.

 

The Nominating Committee has not established any specific minimum qualifications that must be met for recommendation for a position on the Board of Directors. Instead, in considering candidates for director the Nominating Committee will generally consider all relevant factors, including among others the candidate’s applicable education, expertise and demonstrated excellence in his or her field, the usefulness of the expertise to the Company, the availability of the candidate to devote sufficient time and attention to the affairs of the Company, the candidate’s reputation for personal integrity and ethics and the candidate’s ability to exercise sound business judgment. Other relevant factors, including diversity, experience and skills, will also be considered. Candidates for director are reviewed in the context of the existing membership of the Board of Directors (including the qualities and skills of the existing directors), the operating requirements of the Company and the long-term interests of its stockholders.

 

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The Nominating Committee considers each director’s executive experience and his or hers familiarity and experience with the various operational, scientific and/or financial aspects of managing companies in our industry.

 

With respect to diversity, the Nominating Committee seeks a diverse group of individuals who have executive leadership experience and a complementary mix of backgrounds and skills necessary to provide meaningful oversight of the Company’s activities. The Nominating Committee annually reviews the Board’s composition in light of the Company’s changing requirements. The Nominating Committee uses the Board of Director’s network of contacts when compiling a list of potential director candidates and may also engage outside consultants. Pursuant to its charter, the Nominating Committee will consider, but not necessarily recommend to the Board of Directors, potential director candidates recommended by stockholders. All potential director candidates are evaluated based on the factors set forth above, and the Nominating Committee has established no special procedure for the consideration of director candidates recommended by stockholders.

 

Employment Agreements

 

Annmarie Gayle

 

Pursuant to the terms of an employment agreement dated March 16, 2017, the Company employs Ms. Gayle as its Chief Executive Officer on a full-time basis and a member of its Board of Directors. The annual salary is $230,000 payable on a monthly basis. Ms. Gayle is also entitled to an annual performance bonus of up to $100,000, upon achieving certain targets that are to be defined on an annual basis. The agreement provides for 30 days of paid holidays in addition to public holidays observed in Scotland.

 

The agreement has no definitive term and may be terminated only upon twelve months’ prior written notice by Ms. Gayle. In the event that the Company terminates her at any time without cause, she is entitled to a payment equal to her annual salary as well as a separation bonus of $150,000. The Company may terminate the agreement for cause, immediately and without notice. Among others, “for cause” includes gross misconduct, a serious or repeated breach of the agreement and negligence and incompetence as reasonably determined by the Company’s Board. The agreement includes a 12-month non-compete and non-solicitation provision.

 

Blair Cunningham

 

Under the terms of an employment contract dated January 1, 2013, our wholly owned subsidiary Coda Octopus Products, Inc. employs Blair Cunningham as its Chief Executive Officer and President of Technology. He is being paid an annual base salary of $175,000 with effect from January 1, 2018, subject to review by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Cunningham is entitled to 25 vacation days in addition to any public holiday.

 

The agreement may be terminated only upon twelve-month prior written notice without cause. The Company may terminate the agreement for cause, immediately and without notice. Among others, “for cause” includes gross misconduct, a serious or repeated breach of the agreement and negligence and incompetence as reasonably determined by the Company’s Board. The agreement includes a 18-month non-compete and non-solicitation provision.

 

Michael Midgley

 

Pursuant to the terms of an employment agreement dated June 1, 2011, Mike Midgley was appointed the Chief Executive Officer of our wholly owned subsidiary Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc and our Chief Financial Officer. He is being paid an annual salary of $200,000 subject to an annual review by Colmek’s Board of Directors and the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Midgley is entitled to 20 vacation days in addition to any public holiday.

 

The agreement may be terminated at any time upon 4 months prior written notice. The Company may terminate the agreement for cause, immediately and without notice. Among others, “for cause” includes gross misconduct, a serious or repeated breach of the agreement and negligence and incompetence as reasonably determined by the Company’s Board. The agreement includes a 12-month non-compete and non-solicitation provision. On December 6, 2017, the board of directors of the Company appointed Mr. Midgley to be the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. In connection with this appointment, all rights and obligations under Mr. Midgley’s employment agreement with Colmek were transferred to and have been assumed by the Company.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a code of ethics for all our employees, including our chief executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer or controller, and/or persons performing similar functions, which is available on our website, under the link entitled “Code of Ethics”.

 

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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The Summary Compensation Table shows certain compensation information for services rendered for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 by our executive officers. The following information includes the dollar value of base salaries, bonus awards, stock options grants and certain other compensation, if any, whether paid or deferred.

 

Name and Principal
Position
  Year   Salary   Bonus   Restricted Stock Awards   Option Awards   *All Other Compensation   Total 
       ($)   ($)   ($)   ($)   ($)   ($) 
                             
Annmarie Gayle,   2017    230,000    -0-    15,500    -0-    -0-    245,500 
Chief Executive Officer   2016    230,000    -0-    -0-    -0-    -0-    230,000 
                                    
Michael Midgley   2017    200,000    -0-    11,000    -0-    13,332    224,332 
Chief Financial Officer   2016    200,000    -0-    -0-    -0-    16,805    216,805 
                                    
Blair Cunningham   2017    160,000    -0-    15,290    -0-    17,393    192,683 
President of Technology   2016    160,000    -0-    -0-    -0-    17,278    177,278 

 

*The amounts described in the category of “All Other Compensation” comprise Health, Dental, Vision, Short Term Disability, Long Term Disability and Accidental Death and Dismemberment insurance premiums which the Company contributed to the officers’ identified plan.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

 

The following table sets forth the compensation paid to each of our directors (who are not also officers of the Company) for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2017, in connection with their services to the company. In accordance with the Commission’s rules, the table omits columns showing items that are not applicable. Except as set forth in the table, no persons were paid any compensation for director services.

 

Name   Fees Earned or Paid in Cash ($)     Stock Awards ($)     Total
($)
 
Michael Hamilton     20,000             20,000  
Francis (Chuck) Rogers     10,000             10,000  
Per Wimmer     5,000       30,715       35,715  
Nina Hoque     2,500       30,715       33,215  
Mary Losty     0       32,308       32,308  

 

2017 Stock Incentive Plan

 

On December 6, 2017, the Board of Directors adopted the 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The purpose of the Plan is to advance the interests of the Company and its stockholders by enabling the Company and its subsidiaries to attract and retain qualified individuals through opportunities for equity participation in the Company, and to reward those individuals who contribute to the Company’s achievement of its economic objectives. The Plan was adopted subject to stockholders’ approval which has yet to be obtained.

 

The maximum number of shares of Common Stock that will be available for issuance under the Plan will be 913,612. The shares available for issuance under the Plan may, at the election of the Committee, be either treasury shares or shares authorized but unissued, and, if treasury shares are used, all references in the Plan to the issuance of shares will, for corporate law purposes, be deemed to mean the transfer of shares from treasury.

 

The Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors which has the authority to determine all provisions of Incentive Awards as the Committee may deem necessary or desirable and as consistent with the terms of the Plan, including, without limitation, the following:  (i) eligible recipients; (ii) the nature and extent of the Incentive Awards to be made to each Participant; (iii) the time or times when Incentive Awards will be granted; (iv) the duration of each Incentive Award; and (v) the restrictions and other conditions to which the payment or vesting of Incentive Awards may be subject.

 

No awards have been made under the Plan to date.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Under the Exchange Act, our directors, our executive officers, and any persons holding more than 10% of our common stock are required to report their ownership of the common stock and any changes in that ownership to the Securities and Exchange Commission. To our knowledge, based solely on our review of the copies of such reports received or written representations from certain reporting persons that no other reports were required, except as set forth below, we believe that during our fiscal year ended October 31, 2017, no reports relating to our securities required to be filed by current reporting persons were filed late.

 

Initial statements of beneficial ownership on Form 3 were filed a few days late for each of Per Wimmer and Nina Hoque. We will continue monitoring Section 16 compliance by each of our directors and executive officers and will assist them where possible in their filing obligations.

 

40

 

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

The following table sets forth information as of January 29, 2018, regarding the beneficial ownership of our Common Stock, based on information provided by (i) each of our executive officers and directors; (ii) all executive officers and directors as a group; and (iii) each person who is known by us to beneficially own more than 5% of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock. The percentage ownership in this table is based on 10,262,273 shares issued and outstanding as of January 29, 2018. All numbers in the table have been adjusted to account for a 1 for 14 reverse stock split that was completed on January 11, 2017.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, we believe that all persons named in the following table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of Common Stock that they beneficially own.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner (1)   Amount and Nature of Beneficial Ownership of Common Stock    

Percent of

Common Stock

 
Michael Hamilton     7,143       *  
Annmarie Gayle(2)     13,037       *  
Michael Midgley     7,143       *  
Blair Cunningham     24,297       *  
Francis Rogers     7,143       *  
Per Wimmer     7,143       *  
Nina Hoque     7,143       *  
Mary Losty     7,143       *  
Niels Sondergaard(2)
Carit Etlars Vej 17A
8700 Horsens
Denmark
    2,213,485       21.6 %

BKF Asset Holding Inc. (3)

31248 Oak Crest Drive, Suite 110

Westlake Village, CA 91361

    743,453       7.2 %

G. Tyler Runnels (4)

2049 Century Park East, Suite 320

Los Angeles, CA 90067

    1,310,946       12.8 %

J. Steven Emerson (5)

1522 Ensley Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90024

    1,099,408       10.7 %

Bryan Ezralow (6)

23622 Calabasas Rd. Suite 200

Calabasas, CA 91302

    1,163,410       11.3 %

Forest Manor NV

Albert Hahnplantsoen 23

Amsterdam

The Netherlands

    1,025,950       9.9 %
All Directors and Executive Officers as a Group (Eight persons):     80,200       *  

 

*) Less than 1%.

 

1) Unless otherwise indicated, the address of all individuals and entities listed below is c/o Coda Octopus Group, Inc. 7380 Sand Lake Road, Suite #500, Orlando, FL 32819.
2) Does not include 2,213,485 shares beneficially owned by Ms. Gayle’s domestic partner. Ms. Gayle disclaims any beneficial ownership in those shares.
3)

Includes 25,000 shares held by International Advisors, LLC. The Company has been advised that Steven N. Bronson has voting and dispositive power over the shares held by these two entities.

 

41

 

 

4) Includes 1,002,852 shares held by the G. Tyler Runnels and Jasmine Niklas Runnels TTEES of The Runnels Family Trust DTD 1-11-2000 of which Mr. Runnels is a trustee; 219,300 shares held by T.R. Winston; 25,140 shares held by High Tide LLC; 24,368 shares held by TRW Capital Growth Fund, Ltd.; and 14,286 shares held by Pangaea Partners. The Company has been advised that Mr. Runnels has voting and dispositive power with respect to all of these shares.
5) Includes the following: 138,776 held by IRA R/O II; 112,755 shares held by Roth IRA; 49,328 shares held by the Brian Emerson IRA; 330,161 shares held by Emerson Partners; 8,286 shares held by the Alleghany Meadows IRA; and 8,286 shares held by the Jill Meadows IRA. The Company has been advised that Mr. Emerson has voting and dispositive power with respect to all of these shares.
6) Consists of 986,369 shares held by the Bryan Ezralow 1994 Trust u/t/d 12/22/1994; and 177,041 shares held by EZ MM&B Holdings, LLC. The Company has been advised that Mr. Ezralow has voting and dispositive power with respect to these shares.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

On or around October 24, 2016 our CEO provided Coda Octopus Colmek with a working capital loan of $1,000,000. The loan accrues interest of 4.5% per annum. This loan is due to be repaid on November 30, 2018.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

 

Audit Fees. The aggregate fees billed by Frazier & Deeter, LLC, our principal accountants, for professional services rendered for the audit of the Company’s annual financial statements for the last two fiscal years and for the reviews of the financial statements included in the Company’s Quarterly reports on Form 10-Q during the last two fiscal years 2017 and 2016 were $151,506 and $161,046, respectively.

 

Audit-Related Fees. The aggregate fees billed by Frazier & Deeter, LLC, our principal accountants, for professional services rendered in connection with the audits of acquired businesses, the review of and consent to the filing of registration statements, and assistance in responding to comment letters issued by the Securities & Exchange Commission during the last two fiscal years 2017 and 2016 were $0 and $0, respectively.

 

Tax Fees. The aggregate fees billed by the Company’s principal accountants for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning services rendered to the Company during the last two fiscal years 2017 and 2016 were $0 and $0, respectively.

 

All Other Fees. The Company did not engage its principal accountants to render services to the Company during the last two fiscal years, other than as reported above.

 

Prior to the Company’s engagement of its independent auditor, such engagement is approved by the Company’s audit committee. The services provided under this engagement may include audit services, audit-related services, tax services and other services. Pre-approval is generally provided for up to one year and any pre-approval is detailed as to the particular service or category of services and is generally subject to a specific budget. Pursuant to the Company’s Audit Committee Charter, the independent auditors and management are required to report to the Company’s audit committee at least quarterly regarding the extent of services provided by the independent auditors in accordance with this pre-approval, and the fees for the services performed to date. The audit committee may also pre-approve particular services on a case-by-case basis. All audit-related fees, tax fees and other fees incurred by the Company for the year ended October 31, 2017, were approved by the Company’s audit committee.

 

42

 

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

Exhibit Number   Description
2.1   Plan and Agreement of Merger dated July 12, 2004 by and between Panda and Coda Octopus *
3.1   Restated Certificate of Incorporation**
3.1.1.   Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock******
3.2   By-Laws *
10.16   Subscription Agreement dated February 21, 2008, between the Company and The Royal Bank of Scotland***
10.17   Form of Loan Note Instrument dated February 21, 2008***
10.18   Form of Loan Note Certificate***
10.19   Security Agreement dated February 21, 2008***
10.20   Floating Charge executed by Coda Octopus R&D Limited dated February 21, 2008***
10.21   Floating Charge executed by Coda Octopus Products Limited dated February 21, 2008***
10.22   Form of Guarantee***
10.24   Debenture issued by Martech Systems (Weymouth) Limited***
10.25   Deed of Amendment to Loan Note Transaction Documents dated October 31, 2015 by and between the Company and CCM Holdings LLC***
10.26   [Reserved]
10.27   Employment Contract between Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. and Mike Midgley****
10.28   Consultancy Agreement dated June 15, 2013 between the Company and Taktos Limited****
10.29   Employment Contract dated January 1, 2013 between Coda Octopus Products, Inc. and Blair Cunningham****
10.30   Deed of Amendment to Loan Note Transaction Documents dated October 17, 2016 by and between the Company and CCM Holdings LLC**
10.31   Deed of Amendment to Loan Note Transaction Documents dated November 1, 2016 by and between the Company and CCM Holdings LLC*****
10.32   Employment Contract dated March 16, 2017 between the Company and Annmarie Gayle*****
10.33   Loan Agreement, dated as of April 28, 2017, by and between Coda Octopus Group, Inc., Coda Octopus Products, Inc., Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. and HSBC Bank USA, N.A.******
10.34   Form of Security Agreement, dated April 28, 2017******
10.35   Promissory Note dated April 28, 2017******
10.36   2017 Stock Incentive Plan
14   Code of Ethics
31.1  

Chief Executive Office and Chief Financial Officer Certification

32  

Certificate Pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350

 

*   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (SEC File No.143144)
**   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 10.
***   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB for the year ended October 31, 2007
****   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB for the year ended October 31, 2010
*****  

Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 10/A filed March 29,2017

******   Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 2, 2017

 

43

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

DATE: January 30, 2018 CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.
   
  /s/ Annmarie Gayle
  Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

Each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Annmarie Gayle, his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and re-substitution, severally, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this annual report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them or their or his or her substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof. This power of attorney may be executed in counterparts.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
         
/s/ Annmarie Gayle   Chief Executive Officer and Chairman   January 30, 2018
Annmarie Gayle   (Principal Executive Officer)    
         
/s/ Michael Midgley   Chief Financial Officer   January 30, 2018
Michael Midgley   (Principal Financial Officer)    
         
/s/ Michael Hamilton   Director   January 30, 2018
Michael Hamilton        
         
/s/ Per Wimmer   Director   January 30, 2018
Per Wimmer        
         
/s/ Nina Hoque   Director   January 30, 2018
Nina Hoque        
         
/s/ Mary Losty   Director   January 30, 2018
Mary Losty        
         
/s/ Francis Rogers   Director   January 30, 2018
Francis Rogers        

 

44

 

 

 

Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Years Ended October 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 45 

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  PAGE
   
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM F-1
   
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF OCTOBER 31, 2017 AND 2016 F-2
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2017 AND 2016 F-4
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2017 AND 2016 F-5
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2017 AND 2016 F-6
   
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS F-7

 

 46 

 

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

Coda Octopus Group, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Coda Octopus Group, Inc. (the “Company”) as of October 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years ended October 31, 2017 and 2016. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Coda Octopus Group, Inc. as of October 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

/s/ Frazier & Deeter, LLC  
   
January 30, 2018  
Tampa, Florida  

 

  F-1 

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

October 31, 2017 and 2016

 

ASSETS

 

    2017     2016  
CURRENT ASSETS                
                 
Cash and Cash Equivalents   $ 6,851,539     $ 5,601,767  
Restricted Cash     -       13,694  
Accounts Receivables, net     1,418,114       3,274,204  
Inventory     3,652,249       2,598,925  
Unbilled Receivables     2,723,172       3,406,693  
Other Current Assets     320,814       140,954  
Prepaid Expenses     291,623       112,884  
                 
Total Current Assets     15,257,511       15,149,121  
                 
FIXED ASSETS                
Property and Equipment, net     5,213,281       3,840,500  
                 
OTHER ASSETS                
Deferred Tax Assets     -       96,374  
Goodwill and Other Intangibles, net     3,589,281       3,749,525  
                 
Total Other Assets     3,589,281       3,845,899  
                 
Total Assets   $ 24,060,073     $ 22,835,520  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

  F-2 

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)

October 31, 2017 and 2016

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

    2017     2016  
CURRENT LIABILITIES                
                 
Accounts Payable   $ 981,994     $ 1,396,475  
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities     519,208       794,067  
Loans and Note Payable, current     2,212,951       846,994  
Deferred Revenues     402,955       464,541  
                 
Total Current Liabilities     4,117,108       3,502,077  
                 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES                
                 
Deferred revenue, long term     49,143       -  
Loans and Note Payable, long term     6,066,402       9,178,930  
                 
Total Long Term Liabilities     6,115,545       9,178,930  
                 
Total Liabilities     10,232,653       12,681,007  
                 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
                 
Preferred stock, Series C, $.001 par value; 5,000,000  shares authorized, 1,000 and 1,100 issued and outstanding, as of October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively     1       1  
Common stock, $.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized, 9,136,121 and 9,094,156 shares issued and outstanding as of October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively     9,136       9,094  
Additional paid-in capital     52,839,651       52,805,455  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (2,038,431 )     (2,337,437 )
Accumulated deficit     (36,982,937 )     (40,322,600 )
                 
Total Stockholders’ Equity     13,827,420       10,154,513  
                 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity   $ 24,060,073     $ 22,835,520  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements

 

  F-3 

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

 

    Year Ended  
    October 31, 2017     October 31, 2016  
             
Net Revenues   $ 18,025,173     $ 21,118,319  
                 
Cost of Revenues     6,057,448       8,465,322  
                 
Gross Profit     11,967,725       12,652,997  
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES                
                 
Research & Development     1,380,381       1,013,125  
Selling, General & Administrative     6,769,327       6,101,227  
                 
Total Operating Expenses     8,149,708       7,114,352  
                 
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS     3,818,017       5,538,645  
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)                
Other Income     121,278       172,090  
Interest Expense     (597,011 )     (856,432 )
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)     (475,733 )     (684,342 )
                 
NET INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES     3,342,284       4,854,303  
                 
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)     (2,621     76,245  
                 
NET INCOME   $ 3,339,663     $ 4,930,548  
                 
NET INCOME PER SHARE:                
Basic   $ 0.37     $ 0.60  
Diluted   $ 0.36     $ 0.58  
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES:                
Basic     9,111,356       8,282,988  
Diluted     9,311,356       8,440,131  
                 
NET INCOME   $ 3,339,663     $ 4,930,548  
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):                
                 
Foreign currency translation adjustment     299,006