10-K 1 dmnd-201510k.htm FORM 10-K 10-K
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-K
(Mark One)
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended July 31, 2015
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                 to                
Commission File No.: 000-51439
DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
20-2556965
(State of Incorporation)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
600 Montgomery Street, 13th Floor
San Francisco, California
 
94111-2702
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
415-445-7444
(Telephone No.)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class:
 
Name of Exchange on Which Registered:
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
NASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x   No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to the Form 10-K.  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
x
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).    Yes  ¨    No  x
As of January 31, 2015, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $650,088,792 based on the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Stock Market. As of September 25, 2015, there were 31,492,522 shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for its 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
PART IV
Item 15.
 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K includes forward-looking statements, including statements about our future operating performance and results, business strategy, commodity prices, liquidity position and sufficiency, brand portfolio and performance, availability of raw materials, our position in the walnut industry, the effectiveness of internal controls and remediating material weaknesses. These forward-looking statements are based on our assumptions, expectations and projections about future events only as of the date of this report. Many of our forward-looking statements include discussions of trends and anticipated developments under the “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections of the periodic reports that we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We use the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “seek,” “may” and other similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements that discuss our future expectations, contain projections of our results of operations or financial condition or state other “forward-looking” information. You also should carefully consider other cautionary statements elsewhere in this report and in other documents we file from time to time with the SEC. We do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this report. Actual results may differ materially from what we currently expect because of many risks and uncertainties, such as: availability and cost of walnuts and other raw materials; weather conditions (climate or otherwise); inability to implement price increases for our products if commodity prices rise; unexpected delays or increased costs in implementing our business strategies; changes in consumer preferences for snack and nut products; risks relating to our leverage, including the cost of our debt and its effect on our ability to respond to changes in our business, markets and industry; the dilutive impact of equity issuances; risks relating to litigation and regulatory factors including changes in food safety, advertising and labeling laws and regulations; information technology infrastructure, security data breaches and inappropriate use of social media; uncertainties relating to our relations with growers; increasing competition and possible loss of key customers; marketing and advertising activities and contractual relationships; and general economic and capital markets conditions.
As used in this Annual Report, the terms “Diamond Foods,” “Diamond,” “Company,” “registrant,” “we,” “us,” and “our” mean Diamond Foods, Inc. and its subsidiaries unless the context indicates otherwise.

TRADEMARKS IN THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
The Diamond Foods design logo, Diamond Foods®, Kettle Brand®, KETTLE® Chips, Emerald® and Pop Secret® and other brands are our trademarks. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert our rights to these trademarks and trade names, to the fullest extent under applicable law.


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PART I
Item 1. Business
Overview
We are a snack food and culinary nut company focused on making innovative, convenient and delicious snacks as well as culinary nuts true to our 100-year plus heritage. We sell our products under five different widely-recognized brand names: Diamond of California, Kettle Brand and KETTLE Chips, Emerald and Pop Secret. Our mission is to honor nature’s ingredients by making food that people love.  We are proud of our offerings, many of which are non-GMO Project verified and free of artificial flavors and preservatives and we are committed to making great tasting products for our consumers.
Corporate History
We began as a walnut cooperative formed in 1912 by California walnut growers. The Diamond of California brand dates back to the early days of the formation of the cooperative and was bolstered by its first national advertising campaign in 1919. In 2005, in connection with our initial public offering, our company changed from a cooperative to a corporation, and is now headquartered in San Francisco, California.
We have acquired several companies and brands since our formation and intend to seek future growth both internally as well as through acquisitions. We consider the acquisition of organic, natural and “better-for-you” products companies or product lines to be a part of our business strategy. In 2004, we complemented our strong heritage in the culinary nut market under the Diamond of California brand by launching a line of snack nuts under the Emerald brand. In 2008, we acquired the Pop Secret brand of microwave popcorn products, which provided us with increased scale in the snack market. In 2010, we acquired Kettle Foods, a leading premium potato chip company in the two largest potato chip markets in the world, the United States and the United Kingdom, adding the premium Kettle Brand and KETTLE Chips brands to our portfolio.
Business Segments
We aggregate our operating segments into two reportable segments, Snacks and Nuts. Our Snacks reportable segment reports results related primarily to products sold under the Kettle Brand, KETTLE Chips, and Pop Secret trade names. Our Nuts reportable segment reports results related primarily to products sold under the Emerald and Diamond of California brands. We evaluate the performance of our segments based on net sales and gross profit for each of the segments. Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) does not receive or utilize asset information to evaluate performance of operating segments, so asset-related information has not been presented. Gross profit is calculated as net sales less cost of sales. Our fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013 net sales and gross profit were as follows (in millions): 
 
Year Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
480,738

 
$
473,736

 
$
437,955

Nuts
383,427

 
391,471

 
426,057

Total
$
864,165

 
$
865,207

 
$
864,012

Gross profit
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
172,843

 
$
168,568

 
$
152,133

Nuts
55,151

 
39,678

 
53,390

Total
$
227,994

 
$
208,246

 
$
205,523

We sell our products to global, national, regional and independent grocery, drug and convenience store chains, as well as to mass merchandisers, club stores, other retail channels and non-retail channels. Sales to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (which includes sales to both Sam’s Club and Wal-Mart), accounted for approximately 17%, 16%, and 16% of our net sales for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The sales to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. are from both the Snacks and Nuts segments. Sales to Costco Wholesale Corporation accounted for 10%, 12% and 12% of our Nuts segment net sales for fiscal 2015, 2014, and 2013. No other single customer accounted for more than 10% of our total net sales, or the net sales of either our Snacks or Nuts segments, for fiscal 2015, 2014 or 2013.
Marketing
We believe that our marketing efforts are fundamental to the success of our business. Advertising expenses were $39.4 million in fiscal 2015, $43.3 million in fiscal 2014 and $41.5 million in fiscal 2013. The objective of our marketing efforts is to build brand equity and awareness and grow household penetration for our brands.

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Our consumer-targeted advertising campaigns may include print and digital advertisements, field marketing events, social media including Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, coupons, co-marketing arrangements with complementary consumer product companies, cooperative advertising with select retail customers and television advertisement. We design and provide point-of-purchase displays for use by our retail customers. These displays help to merchandize our products and make our products available for sale in multiple locations in a store to increase purchase opportunities. Our public relations and event sponsorship efforts are an important component of our overall marketing and brand awareness strategy. We sample our products at events attended by our consumers such as music and sporting events. Promotional activities associated with our ingredient/food service products include regional and national trade shows and customer-specific marketing efforts.
Sales and Distribution
In North America, we sell our consumer products through our sales force directly to large national grocery, mass merchandiser, club, convenience stores and drug store chains. Our sales department also oversees our broker and distributor network. Our distributor network carries Kettle Brand potato chips and ready-to-eat popcorn, and Emerald snack nuts to grocery, convenience and natural food stores in various parts of the United States and Canada. In the United Kingdom, we sell our potato chip products through our sales personnel directly to national grocery, co-op and impulse store chains.
We distribute our products from our production facilities in California, Indiana, Oregon, Wisconsin and Norwich, England, and from leased warehouse and distribution facilities in California, Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, New Jersey, Oregon, Wisconsin, Ontario, Canada and Snetterton, England. Our sales administration and logistics departments manage the administration and fulfillment of customer orders. The majority of our products are shipped from our production, warehouse and distribution facilities by contract and common carriers.
Product Research and Development and Production
We are committed to developing innovative, high quality and safe products that exceed consumer expectations. A team of professional product developers, including innovation marketers, product developers and trained chefs work to develop products. In addition to developing new products, the research and development staff reformulates existing products from time to time based on advances in ingredients, packaging and technology, and conducts value engineering to maintain competitive price points. Once new products have been identified, an internal, cross-functional commercialization team manages the process through large-scale production and is responsible for consistently delivering high-quality products to market. We process and package most of our nut products at the Stockton, California facility; our popcorn products are primarily processed and packaged at the Van Buren, Indiana facility under a third-party co-pack arrangement; and our potato chips are processed and packaged at the Salem, Oregon, Beloit, Wisconsin and Norwich, England facilities. Periodically, we may use third parties to process and package a portion of our products when warranted by demand and specific technical requirements. Research and development related costs recorded in Selling, general and administrative expenses were approximately $4.9 million and $4.0 million in fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Competition
We operate in a highly competitive environment. Our products compete against food products sold by many regional and national companies, some of which are larger and have substantially greater resources than we do. We believe that additional competitors will enter all of the markets in which we operate. We also compete for the shelf space of retail grocers, convenience stores, drug stores, mass merchandisers, natural food and club stores. As these retailers consolidate, the number of customers and potential customers declines and their purchasing power increases. As a result, there is greater pressure to manage distribution capabilities in ways that increase efficiency for these large retailers, especially on a national scale. In general, competition in our markets is based on product value, price, brand recognition and loyalty. The combination of the strength of our brands, our product quality and differentiation, as well as our broad channel distribution, helps us to compete effectively in each of these categories. Our principal competitors are regional and national walnut handlers and nut manufacturers, national popcorn manufacturers, regional and national potato chip manufacturers, and regional, national and international food suppliers.
Raw Materials and Supplies
We obtain our raw materials from domestic and international sources. We currently obtain a majority of our walnuts from growers located in California who have entered into supply contracts with us. We also purchase walnuts from time to time from other growers and walnut processors on the open market. We purchase other nuts from domestic and international processors on the open market. For example, during fiscal 2015, all of the walnuts, peanuts and almonds we obtained were grown in the United States along with most of our supply of hazelnuts. Our supply of pecans was sourced from the United States and Mexico. With respect to nut types sourced primarily from abroad, we import Brazil nuts from the Amazon Basin, cashew nuts from India, Africa, Brazil and Southeast Asia, macadamia nuts from Australia and South Africa, and pine nuts from China and

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Turkey. The popcorn we source comes from the United States, with additional sourcing capabilities, if needed, from Argentina. We obtain potatoes from the United States and the United Kingdom, with additional sourcing capabilities, if needed, from Europe.
The availability and cost of walnut raw materials are subject to supply contract renewals, crop size, quality, yield fluctuations and changes in governmental regulation, as well as other factors. We purchase all other supplies used in our business from third parties. Those supplies include, for example, roasting oils, seasonings, plastic containers, flexible packaging, labels and other packaging materials. We believe that each of these supplies is available from multiple sources and that our business is not materially dependent upon any individual supplier relationship.
Trademarks and Patents
We market and sell our products primarily under the Diamond, Emerald, Pop Secret and Kettle Brand brands, each of which is registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, as well as in various other non-U.S. jurisdictions. Our agreement with Blue Diamond Growers limits our use of the Diamond brand in connection with our marketing of snack nut products, but preserves our exclusive use of our Diamond brand for all culinary and in-shell nut products. We own two patents related to our Nuts segment and have two nut-related patents pending, a number of U.S. patents acquired from General Mills related to popcorn pouches, flavoring and microwave technologies and patents acquired through the acquisition of Kettle Foods related to the manufacturing of potato chips and tortillas chips. While these patents, which have various durations, are an important element of our success, our business as a whole is not materially dependent on them. We expect to continue to renew trademarks that are important to our business.
Seasonality
Our business is seasonal. In sourcing walnuts, we contract directly with growers for their walnut crop from the contracted acres. We typically receive walnuts during the period from September to November, and we pay for the crop throughout the fiscal year in accordance with our walnut purchase agreements with the growers. As a result of this seasonality, our personnel, working capital requirements and walnut inventories peak during the last four months of each calendar year. We experience seasonality in capacity utilization at our Stockton, California facility associated with the annual walnut harvest and seasonal in-shell and culinary product demand. Generally, we receive and pay for approximately 50% of the corn for our popcorn products in October, and approximately 50% in April. We contract for potatoes and oil annually and from time to time throughout the year and receive and pay for this supply throughout the fiscal year.
Employees
As of July 31, 2015, we had 1,696 full-time employees consisting of 1,173 production and distribution employees, 421 administrative and corporate employees, and 102 sales and marketing employees, all of whom are located in the United States and United Kingdom. Our labor requirements typically peak during the last quarter of the calendar year, when we generally use temporary labor to supplement our full-time work force. Our production and distribution employees in the Stockton, California plant are members of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, with whom we have a collective bargaining agreement that expires in March 2018. We consider relations with our employees to be good.
Available Information
On the Investor Relations page of our Internet website at http://www.diamondfoods.com, we make available, free of charge, our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. Information on our website is not incorporated into this report and is not a part of this report.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
This report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from the results discussed or implied in such forward-looking statements due to many risks and uncertainties. Factors that may cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, those discussed below in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and elsewhere in this report.

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Risks Related to Our Business
Raw materials that are necessary in the production and packaging of our products are subject to fluctuations in availability, quality and price that could adversely impact our business and financial results.
The availability, size, quality and cost of raw materials used in the production and packaging of our products, including nuts, potatoes, corn and corn products, cooking and vegetable oils, corrugate, resins and other commodities, are subject to price volatility and supply fluctuations caused by changes in global supply and demand, weather conditions (whether caused by climate change or otherwise), natural disasters, crop disease, pests, government agricultural and energy programs, foreign currency exchange rates and consumer demand. In particular, the availability and cost of walnuts and other nuts are subject to supply contract renewals, crop size, quality, yield fluctuations, and changes in governmental regulation as well as other factors. Additionally, we rely on raw materials that come from regions that suffer from severe water scarcity or yearly fluctuations in water availability, such as California where severe drought conditions are at historical levels, and fluctuations in the availability of water may reduce the availability of raw materials not only in a particular season but also over time.
We source walnuts primarily from California growers with whom we have entered into walnut purchase agreements. To the extent contracted growers deliver less supply than we expected or we are unable to renew enough walnut purchase agreements or enter into such agreements with new growers in any particular year, we may not have sufficient walnut supply under contract to satisfy our business requirements, which could have an adverse effect on our sales and our results of operations. To obtain sufficient walnut supply, which represents a significant portion of our cost of goods sold, we may be required to purchase walnuts from third parties at substantially higher prices or forgo sales to some market segments, which would reduce our profitability. If we forgo sales to such market segments, we may lose customers and may not be able to replace them later. Given our fixed costs from our manufacturing facilities, if we have a lower supply of walnuts or other raw materials, our unit costs will increase and our gross margin will decline. To the extent contracted growers deliver greater supply than we expect or significantly greater supply than in prior years, we may need to find new outlets or channels to sell such walnuts, which may adversely impact our margins. If and to the extent we are unsuccessful in selling such additional supply, our cash flows and results of operations may be adversely impacted.
We make estimates of the price we will pay for walnuts to growers under contract starting in the first quarter of our fiscal year and, pursuant to our walnut purchase agreements, we finalize the price to be paid to growers by the end of the fiscal year. The price customers pay for walnuts fluctuates throughout the year depending on market forces. To the extent that we enter into contracts with our customers based on walnut cost estimates that ultimately prove to be below the final price we determine to pay to growers, our business and results of operations could be harmed. Additionally, to the extent that the price we pay growers ultimately proves to be higher than the market value of walnuts, we may be unable to compete effectively, have to sell our walnuts below cost or at lower margins than we desire, and need to impair the inventory value of our walnuts, so our business and results of operations could be harmed. Each year some of our walnut supply agreements are up for renewal, and competition among walnut handlers makes renewal with us uncertain. Disruption in our walnut supply and inability to secure walnuts cost effectively may adversely impact our business and our financial results.
Our potato chip products are dependent on suppliers providing us with an adequate supply of quality potatoes on a timely basis. The failure of our suppliers to meet our specifications, quality standards or delivery schedules could have an adverse effect on our potato chip operations. In particular, a sudden scarcity, substantial price increase, quality issue or unavailability of ingredients could adversely affect our operating results. There can be no assurance that alternative ingredients would be available when needed on commercially attractive terms, if at all. In addition, high commodity prices could lead to unexpected costs and price increases of our products that might dampen growth of consumer demand for our products. If we are unable to increase productivity to offset these increased costs or increase our prices, this could substantially harm our business and results of operations
If we are unable to compete effectively in the markets in which we operate, our sales and profitability would be negatively affected.
Our markets are highly competitive and competition is generally based on product quality, price, brand recognition and loyalty. As a result, on an ongoing basis in the markets in which we operate, we face pricing pressure as well as new products, marketing efforts and brand campaigns by competitors , each of which create challenges in establishing and maintaining profit margins. Our products compete against food and snack products sold by many regional and national companies, some of which are substantially larger and have greater resources than we have. The greater scale and resources that may be available to our competitors could provide them with the ability to lower prices or increase their promotional or marketing spending to compete more effectively. To address these challenges, we must be able to successfully respond to competitive factors, including pricing, promotional incentives and trade terms. We may need to reduce our prices or increase promotional incentives in response to competition or to grow, maintain or stabilize our market share or sales. If we decide to reduce or eliminate promotional incentives to improve our profitability, we may not be able to compete effectively and we may lose distribution and market

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share, which could also lead to a decline in revenue. Additionally, losing sales or failing to forecast sales accurately could result in increased inventories, which would adversely impact our liquidity.
Competition and customer pressures may restrict our ability to increase prices in response to commodity or other cost increases or may force us to decrease prices, in the event of commodity or other cost decreases or otherwise. We may also need to increase spending on marketing, advertising and new product innovation to stabilize, maintain or increase our market share or sales. Our marketing activities and contracts may commit us to expenses that may not provide the return on investment we expect, adversely affect our ability to establish other marketing programs, limit our ability to cut expenses or result in contractual or other disputes, any of which may adversely affect our business. If we are unable to compete effectively, we could be unable to increase the breadth of the distribution of our products or lose customers or distribution of products, which could have an adverse impact on our sales and profitability. In addition, if we are required to maintain high levels of promotional incentives or trade terms with respect to particular product lines, our margins and profitability would be adversely effected.
If the parties we depend upon for raw material supplies do not perform adequately, our ability to manufacture our products may be impaired, which could harm our business and results of operations.
We rely on third-party suppliers for the raw materials we use to manufacture our products, and our ability to manufacture our products depends on receiving adequate supplies on a timely basis. If we do not maintain good relationships with important suppliers or are unable to identify a replacement supplier or develop our own sourcing capabilities (at a reasonable cost or at all), our ability to manufacture our products may be harmed, which would result in interruptions in our business and harm our business and results of operations. In addition, even if we are able to find replacement suppliers when needed, we may not be able to enter into agreements with them on favorable terms and conditions, which could increase our costs of production. The occurrence of any of these risks could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by the political and economic conditions of the countries in which we conduct business and other factors related to our international operations, including foreign currency risks.
We conduct a substantial amount of business with vendors and customers located outside the United States. We hold assets and incur liabilities, earn revenue, and pay expenses in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the British pound and Canadian dollar. Our consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and we must translate the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses into U.S dollars for external reporting purposes. Many factors relating to our international sales and operations, many of which factors are outside of our control, could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. During fiscal 2015, fiscal 2014, and fiscal 2013, sales outside the United States, primarily in the United Kingdom, Canada, South Korea, Japan, and Netherlands, accounted for approximately 25%, 25% and 24% of our net sales, respectively.
In addition to the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section, there are risks specifically related to our international sales and operations that could adversely impact our business and results of operations. These include: 
foreign exchange rates, foreign currency exchange and transfer restrictions, which may unpredictably and adversely impact our consolidated operating results, our asset and liability balances and our cash flow in our consolidated financial statements, even if their value has not changed in their original currency;
negative economic developments in economies around the world and the instability of governments, including the threat of war, terrorist attacks, epidemic or civil unrest;
pandemics, such as the flu, which may adversely affect our workforce as well as our local suppliers and customers;
earthquakes, tsunamis, floods or other major disasters that may limit the supply of nuts or other products that we purchase abroad;
trade barriers, including tariffs, quotas, and import or export licensing requirements imposed by governments;
increased costs, disruptions in shipping or reduced availability of freight transportation;
differing labor standards;
differing levels of protection of intellectual property;
difficulties and costs associated with complying with U.S. laws and regulations applicable to entities with overseas operations;
the threat that our operations or property could be subject to nationalization and expropriation;
varying regulatory, tax, judicial and administrative practices in the jurisdictions where we operate;
difficulties associated with operating under a wide variety of complex foreign laws, treaties and regulations; and

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potentially burdensome taxation.
Any of these factors could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be required to conduct product recalls, potentially triggering concerns with the safety and quality of our products, which could cause consumers to avoid our products and reduce our sales and net income.
The sale of food products for human consumption involves risk of injury to consumers. We face risks associated with product recalls and liability claims if our products become adulterated, mislabeled or misbranded, or cause injury, illness, or death. Our products may be subject to product tampering and to contamination and spoilage risks, such as mold, bacteria, insects and other pests, shell fragments, cross-contamination and off-flavor contamination. If any of our products were to be tampered with, or otherwise tainted and we were unable to detect it prior to shipment, our products could be subject to a recall. Recalls might also be required due to usage of raw materials provided by third-party ingredient suppliers. Such suppliers are required to supply material free of contamination, but may, on occasion, identify issues after selling material to Diamond manufacturing locations. Our ability to sell products could be reduced if governmental agencies conclude that our products have been tampered with, or that certain pesticides, herbicides or other chemicals used by growers have left harmful residues on portions of the crop or that the crop has been contaminated by aflatoxin or other agents. A significant product recall could cause our products to be unavailable for a period of time and reduce our sales. Adverse publicity could result in a loss of consumer confidence in our products, damage to our reputation and reduce our sales for an extended period. Product recalls and product liability claims could increase our expenses and have an adverse effect on demand for our products and, consequently, reduce our sales, net income and liquidity.
Material weaknesses can exist in our system of internal control over financial reporting, which could have a material impact on our business.
Our ability to implement our business plan and comply with regulations requires an effective planning and management process. We expect that we will need to improve existing operational and financial systems, procedures and controls, and implement new ones, to manage our future business effectively. Any implementation delays, or disruption in the transition to new or enhanced systems, procedures or controls, could harm our ability to forecast sales, manage our supply chain, and record and report financial and management information on a timely and accurate basis. If we are unable to record and report financial information on a timely and accurate basis, we may have a material weakness or significant deficiency in our internal control over financial reporting.
We are required to maintain internal control over financial reporting adequate to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. From time to time in the past, we have experienced control weaknesses that were material weaknesses, including a material weakness relating to our evaluation and review of complex and non-routine transactions and a material weakness related to our controls over journal entries.
Any future material weakness in our system of internal control over financial reporting may make it difficult for us to manage our business, harm our results of operations, impair our ability to report results accurately and on time, cause investors to lose faith in the reliability of our statements, and materially adversely impact the price of our securities.
We do not expect that our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. Over time, controls may become inadequate because changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may occur. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected. As a result, we cannot assure you that significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future. A material weakness means a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting exists such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the registrant’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
Any failure to maintain or implement required new or improved controls, or any difficulties we encounter in their implementation, could make it difficult for us to manage our business, result in additional significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, cause us to fail to timely meet our periodic reporting obligations, or result in material misstatements in our consolidated financial statements. Any such failure could adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations and annual auditor attestation reports regarding disclosure controls and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial

9


reporting, cause us to incur unforeseen costs, negatively impact our results of operations, cause investors to lose faith in the reliability of our statements or cause the market price of our common stock and/or our notes to decline.
Pending and future litigation may lead us to incur significant costs and could adversely affect our business.
We are, or may become, party to various lawsuits and claims arising in the normal course of business, which may include lawsuits or claims relating to the marketing and labeling of products, intellectual property, contracts, product recalls, product liability, employment matters, environmental matters or other aspects of our business. For example, in 2014, we were sued by various parties alleging that certain ingredients contained in our Kettle Brand chips and TIAS Tortilla Chips are not natural, Even when not merited, the defense of lawsuits and claims may divert our management’s attention, and we may incur significant expenses in defending these lawsuits and claims.
Additionally, as set forth in “Legal Proceedings,” on September 23, 2013, a Notice of Appeal from the order granting final approval of our settlement of In re Diamond Foods, Inc. Shareholder Derivative Litigation was filed by a single stockholder. No date for this hearing on this appeal has been scheduled. Under Delaware law, our bylaws and certain indemnification agreements, we may have an obligation to indemnify former officers and directors in relation to this matter. Insurance funds from our director and officer liability policies were used in connection with the settlements of the shareholder derivative litigation and securities class action litigation and as a result, we will be required to fund indemnity obligations from claims relating to this matter. If appeals proceed in the shareholder derivative action, and particularly if the stockholder plaintiff succeeds in such appeal, our indemnity obligations could result in significant legal expenses or damages and our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow could suffer.
In connection with claims or litigation, we may be required to pay damage awards or settlements or become subject to injunctions or other equitable remedies, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations. The outcome of litigation is often difficult to predict, and the outcome of pending or future litigation may have a material adverse effect on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations.
Government regulations could increase our costs of production and our business could be adversely affected.
As a food company, we are subject to extensive government regulation, including regulation of the manufacturing, transportation, processing, product quality, packaging, storage, import, export, distribution and labeling of our products. There may be changes in the legal and regulatory environment, and governmental entities or agencies in jurisdictions where we operate may impose new manufacturing, transportation, processing, packaging, storage, import, export, distribution, labeling or other restrictions, any of which could increase our costs and affect our profitability. For example, in June 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) declared that the use of partially hydrogenated oils in food is no longer “generally recognized as safe” (often referred to as GRAS), effectively banned the use of partially hydrogenated oils in food, and established a transition period for companies to comply with the new regulations. Some of our products currently contain partially hydrogenated oils, and we are reformulating those products. Additionally, in September 2015, the FDA released major new food safety regulations governing the production and handling of food, and we may incur costs to comply with these new regulations. We have incurred and expect to continue to incur costs to comply with these new regulations. To the extent that consumer concerns about partially hydrogenated oils increase or reformulation efforts are not successful, our business and results of operations could also be harmed. In addition, various regulatory authorities and others have paid increasing attention to the effect on humans due to the consumption of acrylamide-a naturally-occurring chemical compound that is formed in the process of cooking many foods, including potato chips, and a potential carcinogen-and have imposed additional regulatory requirements. In the State of California, we are required to warn about the presence of acrylamide and other potential carcinogens in our products. If consumer concerns about acrylamide increase or this or other substances are regulated further or not allowed in food products, demand for affected products could decline or we may be unable to sell some of our products and our revenues and business could be harmed. Efforts to reformulate products may be expensive or unsuccessful or may fail to meet consumer expectations, in which event our revenues or business would be harmed. Our manufacturing operations are subject to various national, regional or state and local laws and regulations that require us to obtain licenses relating to customs, health and safety, building and land use and environmental protection. We are also subject to environmental regulations governing the discharge into the air, and the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste materials as well as regulations relating to noise and odor. New or amended statutes and regulations, increased production at our existing facilities and our expansion into new operations and jurisdictions may require us to obtain new licenses and permits, could require us to change our methods of operations, and could require us to implement remediation plans, any of which could be costly. Failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could subject us to civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, recalls or seizures, as well as possible criminal sanctions, all of which could have an adverse effect on our business.

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A disruption at any of our production facilities would significantly decrease production, which could increase our cost of sales and reduce our net sales and income from operations.
We process and package our products in several domestic and international facilities and have co-manufacturing agreements and co-pack arrangements with third parties. A temporary or extended interruption in operations at any of our facilities or at our co-packer facilities, whether due to technical or labor difficulties, delays or damage (including destruction) from fire, flood, severe weather or earthquake, infrastructure failures such as power or water shortages, raw material shortage, termination of a co-pack arrangement, dispute with a co-packer, or any other reason, whether or not covered by insurance, could interrupt our manufacturing operations, disrupt communications with our customers and suppliers and cause us to lose sales and write off inventory. Any prolonged disruption in the operations of our facilities or our co-packer facilities would have a significant negative impact on our ability to manufacture and package our products on our own or have our products manufactured and packaged and may cause us to seek additional third-party arrangements, thereby increasing production costs. These third parties may not be as efficient as we are and may not have the capabilities to process and package some of our products, which could adversely affect sales or operating income. Further, current and potential customers might not purchase our products if they perceive our lack of alternate manufacturing facilities to be a risk to their continuing source of products.
Natural disasters can disrupt our operations, which could adversely affect our results of operations.
A natural disaster such as an earthquake, tornado, fire, drought, flood, or severe storm or other catastrophic event affecting our operating activities or major facilities, could cause an interruption or delay in our business and loss of inventory and/or data or render us unable to accept and fulfill customer orders in a timely manner, or at all. We are particularly susceptible to earthquakes as our executive offices and nut operations are located in California where earthquakes periodically occur. Additionally, our popcorn co-packer is located in Indiana, where tornados periodically occur. If operations are damaged by an earthquake, tornado or other disaster, we may be subject to supply interruptions, destruction of our facilities and products or other business disruptions, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Changes in the food industry, including changing dietary trends and consumer preferences and adverse publicity about Diamond and the health effects of consuming some products could reduce demand for our products.
Consumer tastes can change rapidly as a result of many factors, including shifting consumer preferences, dietary trends and purchasing patterns. To address consumer preferences, we invest significant resources in research and development of new products. Dietary trends, such as the consumption of food low in carbohydrate content, have in the past, and may in the future, harm our sales. If we fail to anticipate, identify or react to consumer trends, or if new products we develop do not achieve acceptance by retailers or consumers, demand for our products could decline or we may discontinue products and incur related write-downs, any of which could in turn cause our revenue and profitability to be lower.
In addition, some of our products contain sodium, preservatives and other ingredients, the health effects of which are the subject of increasing public scrutiny, including the suggestion that excessive consumption of these ingredients can lead to a variety of adverse health effects. In the United States and other countries, there is increasing consumer awareness of health risks, including obesity, associated with consumption of these ingredients, as well as increased consumer litigation based on alleged adverse health impacts of consumption of various food products. The continuing global focus on health and wellness, including weight management, could adversely affect our sales or lead to stricter regulation, as well as increase our risk of litigation by governmental and private parties. For example, in June 2015, the FDA adopted new regulations effectively banning (subject to a transition period and an exemption application process) the use of partially hydrogenated oils in food, which certain of our products currently contain.
Additionally, we believe consumers are looking increasingly for all natural products. From time to time we have been subject to lawsuits challenging our product labeling practices, including with respect to natural claims, and may be sued for such practices in the future. These lawsuits can be expensive to defend. Moreover, adverse publicity about regulatory or legal action against us or adverse publicity about our products (including the resources needed to produce them) could damage our reputation and brand image, undermine consumer confidence or customer relations, and reduce demand for our products, even if the regulatory or legal action is unfounded or not material to our operations or even if the adverse publicity regarding our products is unfounded.
Increased costs associated with product processing and transportation, such as water, electricity, natural gas, fuel and labor costs, could increase our expenses and reduce our profitability.
We require a substantial amount of energy and water to make our products. Transportation costs, including fuel and labor, also represent a significant portion of the cost of our products, because we use third party truck and rail companies to collect our raw materials and deliver our products to our distributors and customers. Labor is also an important component of our production costs. These costs fluctuate significantly over time due to factors that may be beyond our control, including

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increased fuel prices, adverse weather conditions or natural disasters, employee strikes or work slowdowns, regulation (including increases in minimum wage rates in the U.S., California and U.K.) and increased export and import restrictions. We may not be able to pass on increased costs of production or transportation to our customers. In addition, from time to time, transportation service providers have a backlog of shipping requests, which could impact our ability to ship products in a timely fashion. Increases in the cost of water, electricity, natural gas, fuel or labor and failure to ship products on time, could increase our costs of production and adversely affect our profitability.
The loss of any major customer or material changes in their purchases could decrease sales and adversely impact our net income.
We depend on a few significant customers for a large proportion of our net sales. This concentration has become more pronounced with the trend toward consolidation in the retail grocery store industry. Sales to our largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (which includes sales to both Sam’s Club and Wal-Mart), represented approximately 17%, 16% and 16% of our total net sales in fiscal 2015, 2014, and 2013, respectively. The success of our business is dependent on our ability to successfully manage relationships with these customers, or any other significant customer. Further, there is a continuing trend towards retail trade consolidation, which can create significant cost and margin pressure on our business and also put existing business relationships at risk. The loss of any major customers, or any other significant customer, or a material decrease in their purchases from us (whether as a result of customer inventory practices, a decrease in such customer’s business, a response to a price increase or otherwise), could result in decreased sales and adversely impact our net income.
The consolidation of retail customers could adversely affect us.
Retail customers, such as supermarkets, warehouse clubs and food distributors, continue to consolidate, resulting in fewer customers on which we can rely for business. Consolidation also produces larger, more sophisticated retail customers that can resist price increases and demand lower pricing, increased promotional programs or specifically tailored products. In addition, larger retailers have the scale to develop supply chains that permit them to operate with reduced inventories or to develop and market their own retailer brands. Further retail consolidation and increasing retail power could materially and adversely affect our product sales, financial condition and results of operations.
If we fail to compete effectively with other manufacturers or with retailer brands, our business and results of operations could be negatively impacted.
Our branded products face competition from private label products (retailer brands) that may be sold at lower price points. The impact of price gaps between our products and private label products may result in share erosion and harm our business. A number of our competitors have broader product lines, substantially greater financial and other resources and/or lower fixed costs than we have. Our competitors may succeed in developing new or enhanced products that are more attractive to customers or consumers than ours or may sell branded products at lower price points. These competitors may also prove to be more successful in marketing and selling their products than we are; and may be better able to increase prices to reflect cost pressures. We may not compete successfully with these other companies or maintain or grow the distribution of our products. We cannot predict the pricing, commodity costs, or promotional activities of our competitors or whether they will have a negative effect on us. Many of our competitors engage in aggressive pricing and promotional activities. There are competitive pressures and other factors which could cause our products to lose market share, decline in sales, or result in significant price or margin erosion, which would have a material effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A material impairment in the carrying value of acquired goodwill, other intangible assets or tangible assets could negatively affect our consolidated operating results and net worth.
A significant portion of our assets are goodwill and other intangible assets, the majority of which are not amortized but are reviewed at least annually for impairment. If the carrying value of these assets exceeds the current fair value, the asset is considered impaired and is reduced to fair value resulting in a non-cash charge to earnings. Events and conditions that could result in impairment include a sustained drop in the market price of our common stock, increased competition or loss of market share, product innovation or obsolescence, or product claims that result in a significant loss of sales or profitability over the product life. To the extent our market capitalization (increased by a reasonable control premium) results in a fair value of our common stock that is below our net book value, or if other indicators of potential impairment are present, then we will be required to take further steps to determine if an impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets has occurred and to calculate an impairment loss. If there are future changes in our stock price, or significant changes in the business climate or operating results of our reporting units, we may incur impairment charges related to our intangible assets and goodwill which would negatively impact our consolidated operating results and further reduce our stock price. At July 31, 2015, the carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets totaled approximately $779.0 million, compared to total assets of approximately $1,212.7 million and total shareholders’ equity of approximately $308.6 million. At July 31, 2014, the carrying value of

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goodwill and other intangible assets totaled approximately $803.1 million, compared to total assets of approximately $1,192.8 million and total shareholders’ equity of approximately $283.8 million.
Our proprietary brands and packaging designs are essential to the value of our business, and the inability to protect our intellectual property, and costs associated with that protection, could harm the value of our brands and adversely affect our business and results of operations
Our success depends significantly on our know-how and other intellectual property. We rely on a combination of trademarks, service marks, trade secrets, patents, copyrights and similar rights to protect our intellectual property. Our success also depends in large part on our continued ability to use existing trademarks and service marks in order to maintain and increase brand awareness and further develop our brands.
Our efforts to protect our intellectual property may not be adequate. Third parties may misappropriate or infringe on our intellectual property or develop more efficient and advanced technologies. Our patents expire over time and third parties may use such previously patented technology to compete against us; our third-party manufacturers and partners may also disclose our trade secrets. From time to time, we engage in litigation to protect our intellectual property, which could result in substantial costs as well as diversion of management attention. The occurrence of any of these risks could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
We depend on our key personnel and if we lose the services of any of these individuals, or fail to attract and retain additional key personnel, we may not be able to implement our business strategy or operate our business effectively.
Our future success largely depends on the contributions of our senior management team. We believe that these individuals’ expertise and knowledge about our industry, their respective fields and their relationships with other individuals in our industry are critical factors to our continued growth and success. We do not carry key person insurance. The loss of the services of any member of our senior management team and the failure to hire and retain qualified management and other key personnel could have an adverse effect on our business and prospects. Our success also depends upon our ability to attract and retain additional qualified sales, marketing and other personnel.
Economic downturns may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Unfavorable economic conditions may negatively affect our business and financial results. Poor economic conditions could negatively impact consumer demand for our products, the mix of our products’ sales, our ability to collect accounts receivable on a timely basis, the ability of suppliers to provide the materials required in our operations, and our ability to obtain financing or to otherwise access the capital markets. The occurrence of any of these risks could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The acquisition or divestiture of product lines or businesses could pose risks to our business and the market price of our common stock.
We may review acquisition prospects that we believe could complement our existing business. There is no assurance that we will be successful in identifying, negotiating or consummating any future acquisitions. Any such future acquisitions could result in accounting charges, potentially dilutive issuances of stock and increased debt and contingent liabilities, any of which could have a material effect on our business and the market price of our common stock. Acquisitions entail many financial, managerial and operational risks, including difficulties integrating the acquired operations, effective and immediate implementation of internal control over financial reporting, diversion of management attention during the negotiation and integration phases, uncertainty entering markets in which we have limited prior experience, and potential loss of key employees of acquired organizations. We may be unable to integrate product lines or businesses that we acquire, which could have a material effect on our business and on the market price of our common stock. We may evaluate the various components of our portfolio of businesses and may, as a result, explore divesting such products or businesses. Divestitures have inherent risks, including possible delays in closing transactions (including potential difficulties in obtaining regulatory approvals), the risk of lower-than-expected sales proceeds for the divested businesses, unexpected costs associated with the separation of the business to be sold from our integrated information technology systems and other operating systems and potential post-closing claims for indemnification. In addition, adverse economic or market conditions may result in fewer potential bidders and unsuccessful divestiture efforts. Transaction costs may be high, and expected cost savings, which are offset by revenue losses from divested businesses, may be difficult to achieve, and we may experience varying success in reducing costs or transferring liabilities previously associated with the divested businesses. In addition, acquisitions or divestitures may result in litigation that can be expensive and divert management’s attention and resources from our core business.

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Our business and operations could be negatively impacted if we fail to maintain satisfactory labor relations.
The success of our business depends substantially upon our ability to maintain satisfactory relations with our employees. Our production workforce in one of our facilities is covered by a collective bargaining agreement which expires in March 2018. Strikes or work stoppages and interruptions could occur if we are unable to renew this agreement on satisfactory terms or if there are efforts to unionize our workforce in other locations. If a work stoppage or slow down were to occur, it could adversely affect our business and disrupt our operations. The terms and conditions of existing or renegotiated agreements, or new agreements (if we are required to recognize a union in a new location), also could increase our costs or otherwise affect our ability to fully implement future operational changes to our business.
Unauthorized access to confidential information and data on our information technology systems, security and data breaches, and inappropriate use of or negative exposure through social media could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.
As part of our operations, we rely on our computer systems, some of which are managed by third parties, to manage inventory, process transactions, and process, transmit and store electronic information, communicate with our suppliers and other third parties, and on continued and unimpeded access to secure network connections to use our computer systems. We have physical, technical and procedural safeguards in place that are designed to protect information and protect against security and data breaches as well as fraudulent transactions and other activities. Despite these safeguards and our other security processes and protections, we cannot be assured that all of our systems and processes, including those managed by third parties, are free from vulnerability to security breaches (through cyber attacks, which are evolving and becoming increasingly sophisticated, physical breach or other means) or inadvertent data disclosure by third parties or by us. A significant data security breach, including misappropriation of customer, consumer, distributor or employee confidential information, or other technology breakdown could cause us to incur significant costs, which may include potential cost of investigations, legal, forensic and consulting fees and expenses, costs and diversion of management attention required for investigation, remediation and litigation, substantial repair or replacement costs. Furthermore, if a breach or other breakdown results in disclosure of confidential or personal information, we may suffer reputational, competitive and business harm. We could also experience data losses either by us, or the third parties we rely on to manage certain computer systems, that would impair our ability to manage inventories or process transactions and the negative impact on our reputation and loss of confidence of our customers, distributors, suppliers and others, any of which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and operating results.
The inappropriate use of certain media vehicles could cause brand damage or information leakage. Negative posts or comments about the Company or its brands on any social networking web site could seriously damage our reputation or the reputation of our brands. In addition, the disclosure of non-public information through external media vehicles could lead to information loss and other issues. Identifying new points of entry as social media, and our use of social media, continues to expand presents new challenges. Any business interruptions, information loss or damage to our or our brands’ reputation could adversely impact our business, financial condition and operating results.
We are in the process of upgrading our information technology infrastructure, including implementing a new enterprise resource planning system, and problems with the transition, design or implementation of this upgrade could interfere with our business and operations and adversely affect our financial condition.
We are in the process of upgrading our information technology infrastructure, including plans to implement a new enterprise resource planning (ERP) system and other complementary information technology systems. We have invested, and will continue to invest, significant capital and human resources in the upgrade, including but not limited to the transition, design and implementation of a new ERP system, which may be disruptive to our underlying business. Any disruptions, delays or deficiencies in the transition, design and implementation of the upgrade and new ERP system, particularly any disruptions, delays or deficiencies that impact our operations, could have a material adverse effect on the implementation of our overall information technology infrastructure. We may experience difficulties as we transition to these new upgraded systems and processes including loss of data, ability to process customer orders, ship products, provide services and support to our customers, bill and track our customers, fulfill contractual obligations, generally conduct financial reporting and file SEC reports in a timely manner and otherwise run our business. We may also experience decreases in productivity as our personnel implement and become familiar with new systems, increased costs and lost revenues. In addition, as we are dependent upon our ability to gather and promptly transmit accurate information to key decision makers, our business, results of operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected if our information technology infrastructure does not allow us to transmit accurate information, even for a short period of time. Even if we do not encounter these adverse effects, the transition, design and implementation of the upgrade and new ERP system may be much more costly than we anticipated. If we are unable to successfully design and implement the upgrade and new ERP system as planned, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely impacted.

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Risks Related to our Indebtedness
We are highly leveraged and have substantial debt service requirements that could adversely affect our ability to fulfill our debt obligations, place us at a competitive disadvantage in our industry and limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or our industry.
We have incurred and will continue to have a substantial amount of indebtedness. Our high debt service requirements could adversely affect our ability to operate our business, and might limit our ability to take advantage of potential business opportunities. Our ability to make scheduled payments or to refinance our indebtedness depends on our financial and operating performance, which is subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to financial, business and other factors beyond our control. Our business may not generate cash flow in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay the principal of, or interest on, our indebtedness, or to fund our other liquidity needs, including working capital, capital expenditures, product development efforts and other general corporate requirements. We may be forced to reduce or delay capital expenditures, sell assets, seek additional capital, or restructure or refinance our indebtedness. This high degree of leverage could have other important consequences, including:
making it more difficult to satisfy obligations with respect to the 7.000% Notes due 2019 (the “Notes”) and our other indebtedness, including restrictive covenants and borrowing conditions, which could result in an event of default under the indenture governing the Notes or the agreements governing our other indebtedness;
increasing our vulnerability to adverse economic, industry or competitive developments;
exposing us to the risk of increased interest rates because our debt arrangements will be at variable rates of interest;
restricting us from making strategic acquisitions or causing us to make non-strategic divestitures;
limiting our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, product development, debt service requirements, acquisitions and general corporate or other purposes; and
placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to competitors who are less highly leveraged and who, therefore, may be able to take advantage of opportunities that our leverage prevents us from pursuing.
Our ability to satisfy our debt obligations, including our obligations under the Notes, will depend upon, among other things, our future operating performance and our ability to refinance indebtedness when necessary. Each of these factors is, to a large extent, dependent on economic, financial, competitive and other factors beyond our control. If, in the future, we cannot generate sufficient cash from operations to make scheduled payments on our debt obligations, we will need to refinance our debt, obtain additional financing, issue additional equity or sell assets. We cannot assure you that our business will generate cash flow or that we will be able to obtain funding sufficient to satisfy our debt service requirements.
Despite current indebtedness levels, we may still be able to incur substantially more debt, including secured debt. This could further increase the risks associated with our significant indebtedness.
We may be able to incur additional substantial indebtedness in the future. Although the terms of the agreements governing our existing indebtedness, the terms of our senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility and our senior secured term loan facility and the indenture governing the Notes contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, indebtedness incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial. The incurrence of additional indebtedness could make it more likely that we will experience some or all of the risks associated with substantial indebtedness.
Our debt agreements contain restrictions that may limit our flexibility in operating our business.
The agreements governing our debt arrangements contain various covenants that may limit our ability or the ability of our domestic subsidiaries to engage in specified types of transactions that may be in our long-term best interests. These covenants limit our ability, among other things to:
borrow money or guarantee debt;
create liens;
pay dividends on or redeem or repurchase stock;
make specified types of investments and acquisitions;
enter into or permit to exist contractual limits on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us;
enter into transactions with affiliates; and
sell assets or merge with other companies.
These covenants limit our operational flexibility and could prevent us from taking advantage of business opportunities as they arise. A breach of any of these covenants or other provisions in our debt agreements could result in an event of default that,

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if not cured or waived, could result in such debt becoming immediately due and payable. This, in turn, could cause our other debt to become due and payable as a result of cross-default or cross-acceleration provisions contained in the agreements governing such other debt. In the event that some or all of our debt is accelerated and becomes immediately due and payable, we may not have the funds to repay, or the ability to refinance, such debt.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
The market price of our common stock is volatile and may result in investors selling shares of our common stock at a loss.
The trading price of our common stock is volatile and subject to fluctuations in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including:
our operating performance and the performance of other similar companies;
changes in our revenues, earnings, prospects or recommendations of securities analysts who follow our stock or our industry;
publication of research reports about us or our industry by any securities analysts who follow our stock or our industry;
speculation in the press, investment community or social media;
terrorist acts; and
general market conditions, including economic factors unrelated to our performance
In the past, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies following periods of volatility in their stock price. This type of litigation against us could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention and resources from our core business.
We issued a substantial number of shares pursuant to the exercise of an outstanding warrant issued to an entity managed by Oaktree, and the trading of those shares in the open market could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.
On February 19, 2014 an entity managed by Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. (“Oaktree”) exercised a warrant to purchase 4.42 million shares of our common stock, representing approximately 14% of our common stock. The volatility in the trading price of our common stock may increase if and when Oaktree decides to sell shares.
Our ability to raise capital in the future may be limited, and our failure to raise capital when needed could prevent us from executing our strategy.
The timing and amount of our working capital and capital expenditure requirements may vary significantly as a result of many factors, including:
market acceptance of our products;
the need to make large capital expenditures to support and expand production capacity;
the existence of opportunities for expansion; and
access to and availability of sufficient management, technical, marketing and financial personnel.
If our capital resources are not sufficient to satisfy our liquidity needs, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain other debt financing. The sale of additional equity or convertible debt securities would result in additional dilution to our stockholders. Additional debt would result in increased expenses and could result in covenants that would restrict our operations. With the exception of the ABL Facility, we have not made arrangements to obtain additional financing and lenders are not obligated to fund the “accordion” feature in our Term Loan Facility. We may not be able to obtain additional financing, if required, in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, or at all.
Anti-takeover provisions could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us.
Our board of directors has the authority to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock and to determine the price, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, of those shares without any further vote or action by the stockholders. The rights of the holders of our common stock may be subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of any preferred stock that may be issued in the future.
Further, some provisions of our charter documents, including provisions establishing a classified board of directors, eliminating the ability of stockholders to take action by written consent and limiting the ability of stockholders to raise matters

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at a meeting of stockholders without giving advance notice, may have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control or our management, which could have an adverse effect on the market price of our stock. Further, we are subject to the anti-takeover provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which will prohibit an “interested stockholder” from engaging in a “business combination” with us for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, even if such combination is favored by a majority of stockholders, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. All of the foregoing could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control or management.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
Item 2. Properties
We lease office space in San Francisco, California, which serves as the principal administrative headquarters, and we own approximately 1,000,000 square foot facility located on 70 acres in Stockton, California, consisting of production, storage and office. Both properties are used by both our Nuts and Snacks segments and Stockton serves as our Nuts segment production facility. We also own four additional production facilities that are used by our Snacks segment: Salem, Oregon; Norwich, England; Beloit, Wisconsin; and Van Buren, Indiana. The Van Buren, Indiana facility is located on leased land at a co-packer’s manufacturing campus, and in that facility the co-packer manufactures certain of our popcorn products. In July 2015, we opened a new research and development facility that is located adjacent to our production facility in Salem, Oregon and is used by both our Nuts and Snacks segments. Our owned real properties in Stockton, California, Salem, Oregon and Beloit, Wisconsin are subject to first lien mortgages and second lien mortgages in favor of the lenders under our senior secured term loan facility and our senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility, respectively. Finally, we lease warehousing facilities in Salem, Oregon; Beloit, Wisconsin; and Snetterton, England that are used by our Snacks segment.
We believe that our owned and leased real properties are generally well maintained and are in good operating condition, and will be adequate for our needs for the foreseeable future.
Item 3. Legal Proceeding
In re Diamond Foods Inc., Shareholder Derivative Litigation
In fiscal 2012, putative shareholder derivative lawsuits were filed in the Superior Court for the State of California, San Francisco County, purportedly on behalf of Diamond and naming certain executive officers and the members of our board of directors as individual defendants. These lawsuits, which related principally to our accounting for certain payments to walnut growers in fiscal 2010 and 2011, were subsequently consolidated as In re Diamond Foods Inc., Shareholder Derivative Litigation which purports to set forth claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, abuse of control and gross mismanagement. Following mediation efforts, the parties agreed to terms of a proposed settlement and the court entered an order granting final approval of the settlement on August 19, 2013. On September 23, 2013, a Notice of Appeal from the order granting final approval was filed by a single stockholder. No date for this hearing on this appeal has been scheduled. Depending on the ultimate outcome of the appeal, this matter could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Labeling Class Action Cases
On January 3, 2014, Deena Klacko first filed a putative class action against Diamond in the Southern District of Florida, alleging that certain ingredients contained in our TIAS tortilla chip product were not natural and seeking damages and injunctive relief. The lawsuit alleged five causes of actions alleging violations of Florida’s Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act, negligent misrepresentation, breach of implied warranty for particular purpose, breach of express warranty and the Magnuson-Warranty Act. The complaint seeks to certify a class of Florida consumers who purchased TIAS tortilla chips since January 3, 2010. On January 9, 2014, Dominika Surzyn brought a similar class action against Diamond relating to our TIAS tortilla chips in federal court for the Northern District of California. Surzyn purports to represent a class of California consumers who purchased said Kettle TIAS products since January 9, 2010.
On April 2, 2014, Richard Hall filed a putative class action against the Company in San Francisco Superior Court, alleging that certain ingredients contained in our Kettle Brand chips and TIAS tortilla chips are not natural and seeking damages and injunctive relief. The complaint purports to assert seven causes of action for alleged violations of California’s Business and Profession’s Code, California’s Consumer Legal Remedies Act and for restitution based on quasi-contract/unjust enrichment. Plaintiff purports to bring this action on his own behalf, as well as on behalf of all consumers in the United States, or alternatively, California, who purchased certain of Diamond’s Kettle Brand Chips or Kettle Brand TIAS tortilla chips within four years of the filing of the complaint.

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Diamond denies all allegations in these cases. Following mediation and settlement discussions among plaintiffs’ counsel in Klacko, Surzyn and Hall, the parties entered into a settlement agreement, and it is expected that this settlement will resolve all claims on a nationwide basis and include: Diamond to take certain injunctive relief measures to confirm labeling compliance matters; establishment of a $3.0 million common fund for claims made available to the class and for the payment of class administration and attorneys’ fees; and any funds unclaimed by the class to be provided cy pres to a charity as a food donation. We recognized the related settlement charges within the consolidated financial statements for fiscal 2014. On October 30, 2014, the court granted preliminary approval of the settlement and on July 20, 2015 the court granted final approval of the settlement.
Other
We are involved in various legal actions in the ordinary course of our business. We do not believe it is feasible to predict or determine the outcome or resolution of these litigation proceedings, or to estimate the amounts of, or potential range of, loss with respect to those proceedings. In addition, the timing of the final resolution of these proceedings is uncertain. The range of possible resolutions of these proceedings could include judgments against us or settlements that could require substantial payments by us, which could have a material impact on Diamond’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure
Not applicable. 

18


PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock trades under the symbol “DMND” as a Global Select security on the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC. The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low sales prices of our common stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market and quarterly cash dividends declared on our common stock:
 
High
 
Low
 
Dividends
Declared
Year Ended July 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth Quarter
$
33.48

 
$
27.09

 
$

Third Quarter
$
33.72

 
$
25.10

 
$

Second Quarter
$
31.10

 
$
24.57

 
$

First Quarter
$
30.30

 
$
25.15

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended July 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth Quarter
$
33.55

 
$
25.13

 
$

Third Quarter
$
35.58

 
$
23.17

 
$

Second Quarter
$
26.68

 
$
23.16

 
$

First Quarter
$
25.32

 
$
19.01

 
$

Certain of our credit agreements specify limitations on dividends that may be declared or paid in a fiscal year. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
As of September 25, 2015, we had approximately 2,690 holders of record of our common stock, although we believe that there are a larger number of beneficial owners. As of September 25, 2015, there were 31,492,522 shares of common stock outstanding.
During the three months ended July 31, 2015, we repurchased shares of our common stock as follows:
Period
Total number
of shares
repurchased 
(1)
 
Average price
paid per
share
 
Total number
of shares
repurchased as
part of publicly
announced
plans
 
Approximate
Dollar value
of shares
that may yet
be purchased
under the
plans
May 1 — May 31, 2015
10,564

 
$
27.59

 

 
$

June 1 — June 30, 2015
4,575

 
$
31.10

 

 
$

July 1— July 31, 2015
612

 
$
31.90

 

 
$

Total
15,751

 
$
28.78

 

 
$

 
(1)
All of the shares in the table above were originally granted to employees as restricted stock awards and restricted stock units pursuant to our 2005 Equity Incentive Plan (“EIP”). Pursuant to the EIP, all of the shares reflected above were relinquished by employees in exchange for Diamond’s agreement to pay federal and state withholding obligations resulting from the vesting of the restricted stock. The repurchases reflected above were not made pursuant to a publicly announced plan.

19


Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following tables set forth selected financial data for each of the fiscal years in the five year period ended July 31, 2015:
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(In thousands, except per share information)
Net sales
$
864,165

 
$
865,207

 
$
864,012

 
$
981,418

 
$
966,688

Cost of sales
636,171

 
656,961

 
658,489

 
801,697

 
750,209

Gross profit
227,994

 
208,246

 
205,523

 
179,721

 
216,479

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative (1)
112,599

 
151,315

 
233,373

 
130,599

 
97,506

Advertising
39,421

 
43,336

 
41,528

 
37,933

 
45,035

Acquisition and integration related expenses

 

 

 
41,334

 
20,350

Loss on warrant liability (2)

 
25,933

 
11,326

 
10,360

 

Warrant exercise fee (3)

 
15,000

 

 

 

Asset impairments (4)

 

 
37,560

 
10,132

 

Total operating expenses
152,020

 
235,584

 
323,787

 
230,358

 
162,891

Income (loss) from operations
75,974

 
(27,338
)
 
(118,264
)
 
(50,637
)
 
53,588

Loss on debt extinguishment (5)

 
83,004

 

 

 

Interest expense, net (6)
40,757

 
51,969

 
57,925

 
33,976

 
23,918

Other income
41

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes
35,258

 
(162,311
)
 
(176,189
)
 
(84,613
)
 
29,670

Income taxes (benefit)
2,228

 
2,391

 
(16,278
)
 
1,723

 
3,103

Net income (loss)
$
33,030

 
$
(164,702
)
 
$
(159,911
)
 
$
(86,336
)
 
$
26,567

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.05

 
$
(6.33
)
 
$
(7.33
)
 
$
(3.98
)
 
$
1.21

Diluted
1.04

 
(6.33
)
 
(7.33
)
 
(3.98
)
 
1.17

Shares used to compute earnings (loss) per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic (7)
31,138

 
26,033

 
21,813

 
21,692

 
21,577

Diluted
31,570

 
26,033

 
21,813

 
21,692

 
22,233

Dividends declared per share (8)
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
0.09

 
$
0.18

 
(1)
In fiscal 2014, we obtained preliminary approval to settle the action In re Diamond Foods, Inc., Securities Litigation (“Securities Litigation”). Therefore in fiscal 2015, Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased primarily because we no longer recorded charges related to the fair value of the stock portion of the Securities Litigation settlement. In fiscal 2014, we recorded a loss of $38.1 million as a result of changes in the fair value of the stock portion of the Securities Litigation settlement and in fiscal 2013 we recorded $96.1 million. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013 because, although we recorded $5.0 million in SEC investigation expenses and had an increase in stock compensation expense in fiscal 2014 no costs were incurred in fiscal 2014 related to the audit committee investigation and related legal expenses and we incurred lower audit and consulting fees compared to fiscal 2013. We also recognized a $1.6 million gain relating to the shareholder derivative settlement in the first quarter of fiscal 2014.
(2)
A warrant was exercised in the third quarter of fiscal 2014 in connection with our February 19, 2014 debt refinancing. Accordingly, as of July 31, 2015, we no longer have a liability or the related fair value adjustments associated with the warrant.
(3)
The warrant exercise fee represents a contractual modification inducement fee paid to Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. (“Oaktree”) as a result of our February 19, 2014 debt refinancing.

20


(4)
In fiscal 2013, we recorded asset impairment charges of $36.0 million related to brand intangibles and $1.6 million related to customer contracts and related relationships. In fiscal 2012, we recorded asset impairment charges of $10.1 million associated with Fishers equipment.
(5)
In fiscal 2014, we refinanced our debt capital structure. We used the net proceeds of our debt refinancing transaction including proceeds from Oaktree’s warrant exercise to (1) repay approximately $348.0 million of indebtedness outstanding under, and terminate the Secured Credit Facility, (2) repay approximately $276.0 million of indebtedness outstanding under, and terminate the Oaktree Senior Notes, (3) pay approximately $32.3 million of prepayment premiums to the holders of the Oaktree Senior Notes resulting in a debt extinguishment loss of approximately $83.0 million.
(6)
Interest expense, net decreased for fiscal 2015 compared to fiscal 2014 primarily due to our refinanced debt structure which yields lower interest rates than our previously held debt obligations. On February 19, 2014 we refinanced our debt which resulted in lower interest expense in fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013. Interest expense, net was also higher in fiscal 2012 as we incurred $225.0 million in indebtedness at an interest rate of 12% and our interest rate on our secured credit facility increased. These amounts also include third party costs related to the debt and our secured credit agreement.
(7)
On February 21, 2014, we issued 4.45 million shares of our common stock to a settlement fund pursuant to the terms of the approved Securities Litigation settlement. On February 19, 2014, we entered into the Warrant Exercise Agreement, pursuant to which Oaktree agreed to exercise in full its warrant to purchase an aggregate of 4,420,859 shares. These shares were included in the computation of basic and diluted loss per share calculation starting in fiscal 2014.
(8)
Since March 2012, we have ceased making dividend payments to stockholders.
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(In thousands)
Balance sheet data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
12,758

 
$
5,318

 
$
5,885

 
$
3,291

 
$
3,112

Working capital
146,478

 
110,322

 
(59,540
)
 
61,587

 
52,446

Total assets
1,212,692

 
1,192,834

 
1,172,315

 
1,299,349

 
1,322,907

Total debt, including short-term debt
642,327

 
647,415

 
590,937

 
605,047

 
531,701

Total stockholders’ equity
308,577

 
283,800

 
169,969

 
324,794

 
420,495

 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 
Summary
We are a snack food and culinary nut company focused on making innovative, convenient and delicious snacks as well as culinary nuts true to our 100-year plus heritage. We sell our products under five different widely-recognized brand names: Diamond of California, Kettle Brand and KETTLE Chips, Emerald and Pop Secret. In 2004, we complemented our strong heritage in the culinary nut market under the Diamond of California brand by launching a line of snack nuts under the Emerald brand. In 2008, we acquired the Pop Secret brand of microwave popcorn products, which provided us with increased scale in the snack market. In 2010, we acquired Kettle Foods, a leading premium potato chip company in the two largest potato chip markets in the world, the United States and the United Kingdom, adding the complementary premium Kettle Brand and KETTLE Chips brands to our portfolio.
In general, we sell directly to retailers, particularly larger national grocery store and drug store chains, and indirectly through wholesale distributors to independent and small regional retail grocery store chains and convenience stores. We sell our products to global, national, regional and independent grocery, drug and convenience store chains, as well as to mass merchandisers, club stores, other retail channels and non-retail channels, such as global ingredient nut customers.
Our business is seasonal. In sourcing walnuts, we typically contract directly with growers for their walnut crop for the contracted acres. We typically receive walnuts during the period from September to November, and we pay for the crop throughout the fiscal year in accordance with our walnut purchase agreements with the growers. We typically receive in-shell pecans during the period from October to March and shelled pecans are received throughout the fiscal year. The pecans are paid for over those periods based on the various vendor terms. As a result of this seasonality, our personnel, working capital requirements and walnut inventories peak during the last four months of each calendar year. We experience seasonality in capacity utilization at our Stockton, California facility associated with the annual walnut harvest and seasonal in-shell and culinary product demand. Generally, we receive and pay for approximately 50% of the corn for our popcorn products in October, and approximately 50% in April. We contract for potatoes and oil annually and from time to time throughout the year and receive and pay for this supply throughout the year.

21


Diamond reports its operating results on the basis of a fiscal year that starts August 1 and ends July 31. Diamond refers to the fiscal years ended July 31, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012 and 2011 as “fiscal 2015,” “fiscal 2014,” “fiscal 2013,” “fiscal 2012” and “2011,” respectively.
Financial Highlights
Net sales for fiscal 2015 were essentially flat at $864.2 million compared to $865.2 million in fiscal 2014. Volume declines in Nuts, primarily due to exiting high-volume, low-margin SKUs, as well as a decrease in Kettle UK’s net price realization, the adverse impact of foreign exchange rates in the U.K. and Canada and costs related to the Emerald transition from canisters to stand up bags were largely offset by a price increase in the Nuts segment and Kettle US and higher volumes throughout the Snacks portfolio.
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales was 26.4% for fiscal 2015 compared to 24.1% for fiscal 2014. This increase was primarily driven by increased net price realization in the Nuts segment and the Kettle US brand, lower Snacks segment ingredient costs and favorable walnut costs. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in Kettle UK and Pop Secret’s net price realization, higher other tree nut costs and adverse foreign exchange rates.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain financial data as percentage of net sales for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013:
 
July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Net sales
100.0
%
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
73.6
%
 
75.9
 %
 
76.2
 %
Gross profit
26.4
%
 
24.1
 %
 
23.8
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
13.0
%
 
17.5
 %
 
27.0
 %
Advertising
4.6
%
 
5.0
 %
 
4.8
 %
Loss on warrant liability
%
 
3.0
 %
 
1.3
 %
Warrant exercise fee
%
 
1.7
 %
 
 %
Asset impairments
%
 
 %
 
4.3
 %
Total operating expenses
17.6
%
 
27.2
 %
 
37.4
 %
Income (loss) from operations
8.8
%
 
(3.1
)%
 
(13.6
)%
Loss on debt extinguishment
%
 
9.6
 %
 
 %
Interest expense, net
4.7
%
 
6.0
 %
 
6.7
 %
Other income
%
 
 %
 
 %
Income (loss) before income taxes
4.1
%
 
(18.7
)%
 
(20.3
)%
Income taxes (benefit)
0.3
%
 
0.3
 %
 
(1.9
)%
Net income (loss)
3.8
%
 
(19.0
)%
 
(18.4
)%
We aggregate our operating segments into two reportable segments, which are Snacks and Nuts. The Snacks reportable segment reports results related primarily to products sold under the Kettle Brand, KETTLE Chips, and Pop Secret trade names. The Nuts reportable segment reports results related primarily to products sold under the Emerald and Diamond of California brands.
We evaluate the performance of our segments based on net sales and gross profit for each segment. Gross profit is calculated as net sales less all cost of sales.
Fiscal 2015 Compared to Fiscal 2014
Total net sales were essentially flat at $864.2 million and $865.2 million for fiscal 2015 and fiscal 2014, respectively. This reflects lower sales of Nuts segment products, largely offset by higher sales of our Snacks segment products.

22


Net sales and gross profit by segment were as follows (in thousands):
 
Year Ended July 31,
 
% Change from
2015 to 2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
480,738

 
$
473,736

 
1.5
 %
Nuts
383,427

 
391,471

 
(2.1
)%
Total
$
864,165

 
$
865,207

 
(0.1
)%
Gross profit
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
172,843

 
$
168,568

 
2.5
 %
Nuts
55,151

 
39,678

 
39.0
 %
Total
$
227,994

 
$
208,246

 
9.5
 %
Snacks segment net sales increased to $480.7 million in fiscal 2015 from $473.7 million in fiscal 2014 primarily due to volume increases throughout the Snacks portfolio and improved net price realization for Kettle Brand products in the U.S. This increase was partially offset by the negative impact of the competitive retail environment for Kettle UK and Pop Secret and unfavorable foreign exchange rates, primarily the British pound and the Canadian dollar, which adversely impacted net sales by approximately $8.9 million.
Nuts segment net sales decreased to $383.4 million in fiscal 2015 from $391.5 million in fiscal 2014, driven by a volume decline due in part to the fiscal 2015 decision to exit certain high-volume, low-margin SKUs that contributed approximately $26.0 million of sales in fiscal 2014. In addition, net sales were adversely impacted by fiscal 2015 expenses associated with the Emerald packaging transition of approximately $2.5 million. There were no transition efforts in fiscal 2014, and thus we did not incur such expenses. This year over year decline in net sales was partially offset by price increases taken in the Diamond of California and Emerald brands to cover increases in tree nut costs. The decision to exit some high-volume, low-margin SKUs is expected to impact the comparability of fiscal 2016 net sales to fiscal 2015 net sales, as fiscal 2015 net sales included $22.4 million in sales of high-volume, low-margin SKUs that are not expected to be sold in fiscal 2016.
Gross margin. Snacks segment gross profit as a percentage of Snacks net sales was 36.0% and 35.6% for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. The gross margin increase is primarily due to favorable ingredient costs and increased pricing taken in the Kettle US brand, partially offset by a decrease in Kettle UK and Pop Secret’s net price realization as a response to competitive retail environments, and adverse foreign exchange rates.
Nuts segment gross profit as a percentage of Nuts net sales was 14.4% and 10.1% for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. The gross margin increase was primarily due to price increases and lower walnut costs, partially offset by higher other tree nut costs and manufacturing expenses. As discussed in Item 1A. Risk factors, our commodity costs are subject to fluctuations in availability and price. Such fluctuations could adversely or favorably impact our business and financial results.
Selling, general and administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses consist principally of salaries and benefits for sales and administrative personnel, brokerage, professional services, travel, non-manufacturing depreciation and facility costs. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $112.6 million and $151.3 million, and 13.0% and 17.5% of net sales, for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. Selling, general and administrative expenses included $3.3 million and $5.9 million for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively, associated with legal expenses related to matters stemming from our audit committee investigation and restatement. In addition, for fiscal 2015, selling, general and administrative included $1.2 million related to the Fishers plant closure and related costs, $0.9 million related to acquisition related transaction costs and $0.7 million of U.K. workforce reduction expenses. For fiscal 2014, we did not incur costs relating to these matters.
In fiscal 2014, we obtained preliminary approval to settle the litigation titled In re Diamond Foods, Inc., Securities Litigation (“Securities Litigation”). As a result, we recorded $38.1 million of loss associated the change in fair value of the stock portion of the settlement of the Securities Litigation in fiscal 2014. Additionally, for fiscal 2014, we recorded a $5.0 million expense associated with the resolution of a SEC investigation. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased for fiscal 2015 as a result of no longer incurring these costs. This decrease in Selling, general and administrative expenses was partially offset by additional finance and information technology department expenses related to improving operational and reporting processes, as well as our investment in upgrading our company-wide information technology infrastructure.
Advertising. Advertising expenses were $39.4 million and $43.3 million, and 4.6% and 5.0% of net sales, for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. The decrease in advertising expenses for fiscal 2015 primarily reflected a strategic decision to shift funds to promotional spending from advertising for Kettle U.K. and Pop Secret and to delay advertising until our Emerald packaging transition was complete. This decrease was partially offset by increased spending on Kettle in the U.S.

23


Loss on warrant liability. The warrant liability was not outstanding for fiscal 2015. Loss on warrant liability in fiscal 2014 was $25.9 million and 3.0% of net sales due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability associated with a warrant issued to an entity managed by Oaktree Capital Management, L.P. (“Oaktree”) in May 2012. The warrant was exercised in February 2014 in connection with our refinancing.
Warrant exercise fee. Warrant exercise fee was nil for fiscal 2015 and $15.0 million and 1.7% of net sales for fiscal 2014. The $15.0 million warrant exercise fee represents the contractual modification inducement fee paid to Oaktree. See further discussion in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section.
Loss on debt extinguishment. Loss on debt extinguishment and other related charges was nil for fiscal 2015 and $83.0 million and 9.6% of net sales for fiscal 2014. We recorded certain expenses in accordance with ASC 470-50-40-2: Debt Modifications and Extinguishments including the differential between the reacquisition price and carrying value of the senior notes (“Oaktree Senior Notes”) held by an entity managed by Oaktree, a call premium associated with senior notes held by Oaktree, write-offs of unamortized debt issuance and transaction costs related to our five-year $600 million secured credit facility (“Secured Credit Facility”) and Oaktree debt obligations and write-offs of unamortized debt issuance costs associated with the new refinancing. For additional description of our debt, see Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Interest expense, net. Net interest expense was $40.8 million and $52.0 million, and 4.7% and 6.0% of net sales, for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. For fiscal 2015 and 2014, approximately $6.0 million and $6.5 million, respectively, of interest expense represented non-cash amortization of deferred charges incurred as a result of debt refinancing. Interest expense, net decreased for fiscal 2015 primarily due to our refinanced debt structure which yields lower interest rates than our previously held debt obligations which included the payment-in-kind interest on the Oaktree Senior Notes.
Other income. Other income represents our share of income from equity method investment. Other income was $41 thousand and nil for fiscal 2015 and 2014, respectively. On February 3, 2015, we purchased 51% of the outstanding shares of Yellow Chips Holding B.V. (“Yellow Chips”), which produces vegetable chips and organic potato chips primarily for the Dutch and other European markets. The transaction primarily was undertaken to secure manufacturing of vegetable chips for the European and U.K. markets. The investment is accounted for under the equity method because we exercise significant influence over, but do not control, Yellow Chips.
Income taxes. Our effective tax rates for fiscal 2015 and 2014 were 6.32% and (1.47)%, respectively. The difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory rate of 35%, in these periods, is primarily due to benefits of a decrease in the valuation allowance, which was provided to reduce United States and state deferred tax assets to amounts considered recoverable and United States and state deferred taxes from Diamond’s long-lived intangibles’ amortization, and income generated in the United Kingdom at lower tax rates. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and tax basis of assets and liabilities as well as net operating loss and tax credit carryovers.
In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, we regularly evaluate the need for a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets based on the likelihood that the benefits of the deferred tax assets would or would not ultimately be realized in future periods. In making this assessment, significant weight was given to evidence that could be objectively verified such as recent operating results and less consideration was given to less objective indicators such as future earnings projections. As a result of our most recent evaluation and after consideration of positive and negative evidence, including the recent history of losses in the current fiscal year, we evaluated our valuation allowance for fiscal 2015 and decreased the revised valuation allowance by $7.0 million to $143.8 million as of July 31, 2015 from $150.8 million as of July 31, 2014.
Fiscal 2014 Compared to Fiscal 2013
Net sales were $865.2 million and $864.0 million for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. The slight increase in total net sales was primarily due to an increase in Snacks sales, which was largely offset by a decrease in Nuts sales.

24


Net sales and gross profit by segment were as follows (in thousands): 
 
Year Ended July 31,
 
% Change from
2014 to 2013
 
2014
 
2013
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
473,736

 
$
437,955

 
8.2
 %
Nuts
391,471

 
426,057

 
(8.1
)%
Total
$
865,207

 
$
864,012

 
0.1
 %
Gross profit
 
 
 
 
 
Snacks
$
168,568

 
$
152,133

 
10.8
 %
Nuts
39,678

 
53,390

 
(25.7
)%
Total
$
208,246

 
$
205,523

 
1.3
 %
Snacks segment net sales increased to $473.7 million in fiscal 2014 from $438.0 million in fiscal 2013 primarily due to an increase in volume of 8.1%.
Nuts segment net sales decreased to $391.5 million in fiscal 2014 from $426.1 million in fiscal 2013 primarily driven by a decrease in volume of 12.5%. The decrease in volume was partially offset by product mix in our Emerald brand, and increases in pricing in our Diamond of California brand.
Gross profit. Snacks segment gross profit as a percentage of snacks net sales was 35.6% and 34.7% for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. The increase in gross profit as a percentage of net sales is largely driven by increases in volume, product mix and a reduction in certain ingredient costs for fiscal 2014 compared to fiscal 2013.
Nuts segment gross profit as a percentage of net sales was 10.1% and 12.5% for fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively. The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of net sales was driven by decreases in volume and increases in tree nut costs for the Diamond of California and Emerald brands. As discussed in Item 1A. Risk factors, our commodity costs are subject to fluctuations in availability and price. Such fluctuations could adversely or favorably impact our business and financial results.
Selling, general and administrative. Selling, general and administrative expenses consist principally of salaries and benefits for sales and administrative personnel, brokerage, professional services, travel, non-manufacturing depreciation and facility costs. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $151.3 million and $233.4 million, and 17.5% and 27.0% of net sales, for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased from fiscal 2013 primarily due to the settlement of the Securities Litigation. In fiscal 2014, we recorded a loss of $38.1 million as a result of changes in the fair value of the stock portion of the settlement compared to the aggregate settlement expense of $96.1 million we recorded in fiscal 2013. We also recognized a $1.6 million gain relating to the shareholder derivative settlement in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. Additionally, no costs were incurred related to the Audit Committee investigation and related legal expenses and we incurred lower audit and consulting fees compared to the prior year. These decreases were partially offset by the $5.0 million we recorded related to the SEC investigation and an increase in stock compensation expense and research and development expense in fiscal 2014.
Advertising. Advertising expenses were $43.3 million and $41.5 million, and 5.0% and 4.8% of net sales, for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. The increase in advertising expenses for fiscal 2014 was primarily due to an increase in online media spending in support of our brands.
Loss on warrant liability. Loss on warrant liability was $25.9 million and $11.3 million, and 3.0% and 1.3% of net sales for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. The loss on warrant liability for fiscal 2014 was due to the change in the fair value of the warrant liability. As a result of the debt refinancing in the third quarter, the warrant was exercised and we no longer have a liability associated with the warrant as of July 31, 2014.
Warrant exercise fee. Warrant exercise fee was $15.0 million and 1.7% of net sales for fiscal 2014 and nil for fiscal 2013. The $15.0 million warrant exercise fee represents the contractual modification inducement fee paid to Oaktree. See further discussion in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section.
Asset impairments. In fiscal 2014, asset impairments were nil. In fiscal 2013, asset impairments were $37.6 million and 4.3% of net sales. In the third quarter of fiscal 2013 we recorded an impairment charge of $1.6 million associated with customer contacts and related relationships. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we determined that the Kettle U.S. trade name within the Snacks segment was impaired and recorded a $36.0 million impairment charge.

25


Loss on debt extinguishment. Loss on debt extinguishment and other related charges was $83.0 million and 9.6% of net sales for fiscal 2014 and nil for fiscal 2013. We recorded certain expenses in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Section 470-50-40-2 – Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments including the differential between the repayment amount and carrying value of the Oaktree Senior Notes, a call premium associated with senior notes held by Oaktree, write-offs of unamortized debt issuance and transaction costs related to our five-year $600 million Secured Credit Facility and Oaktree Senior Notes and new debt issuance costs associated with the new refinancing that was expensed as incurred. For additional description of our debt, see Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was $52.0 million and $57.9 million, and 6.0% and 6.7% of net sales, for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013, respectively. Interest expense, net decreased for fiscal 2014 primarily due to our refinanced capital debt structure which yields lower interest rates than our previously held debt obligations which included the election of the payment-in-kind interest on the Oaktree Senior Notes.
Income taxes. Our effective tax rates for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013 were (1.47)% and 9.2%, respectively. The difference between the effective tax rate and the federal statutory rate of 35%, in these periods, is primarily due to the valuation allowance which was provided to reduce United States and state deferred tax assets to amounts considered recoverable and United States, and state deferred taxes from Diamond’s long-lived intangibles’ amortization. This impact was offset by the tax benefit of income generated in the United Kingdom subject to a lower tax rate and the release of liabilities for uncertain tax positions in the United States. Our fiscal 2013 effective tax rate was also impacted by the impairment of the Kettle U.S. trade name.
In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, we regularly evaluate the need for a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets based on the likelihood that the benefits of the deferred tax assets would or would not ultimately be realized in future periods. In making this assessment, significant weight was given to evidence that could be objectively verified such as recent operating results and less consideration was given to less objective indicators such as future earnings projections. As a result of our evaluation and after consideration of positive and negative evidence, including the recent history of losses, we evaluated our valuation allowance for fiscal 2014 and increased the valuation allowance by $51.5 million to $150.8 million as of July 31, 2014 from $99.3 million as of July 31, 2013.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our liquidity is dependent upon funds generated from operations and external sources of financing, including our ABL Facility discussed below.
Working capital and stockholders’ equity were $146.5 million and $308.6 million at July 31, 2015, compared to $110.3 million and $283.8 million at July 31, 2014. The increase in working capital was primarily due to increased cash on hand, increased inventories and increased prepaid expenses and other current assets which was partially offset by decreased prepaid income taxes and increased growers payable. Capitalized expenditures were $27.4 million for fiscal 2015 and $19.4 million for fiscal 2014. The largest capitalized expenditure is our investment in upgrading our company-wide information technology infrastructure expected to be implemented in fiscal 2016.
We believe our cash and cash equivalents, cash generated from operations and borrowings available under our ABL Facility will be sufficient to fund our contractual commitments, repay obligations and fund our operational requirements over the next twelve months.
Cash Flows
Cash provided by operating activities was $48.0 million during fiscal 2015 compared to cash used in operating activities of $102.3 million during fiscal 2014. The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to improved operating results and the positive cash flow impact of changes in certain working capital items, primarily an increase in payable to growers, offset by an increase in inventories. The increase was also due to the settlement associated with the Oaktree Senior Notes as part of the debt refinancing transaction in fiscal 2014. Cash used in investing activities was $30.1 million during fiscal 2015 compared to $19.1 million for fiscal 2014. The increase in cash used in investing activities primarily related to machinery and equipment additions associated with our standard business operations in the U.S. and U.K., capitalizable costs associated with our investment in upgrading our company-wide information technology infrastructure expected to be implemented in fiscal 2016, and an equity method investment in Yellow Chips and an associated loan. Capital spending for fiscal 2016 is expected to approximate $35.0 million to $40.0 million and is expected to be funded by cash on hand and cash generated by operating activities. The largest capital spending is expected to be related to investment in production and equipment related to the Kettle U.S. business. In addition, cash used in financing activities was $10.1 million during fiscal 2015, compared to $120.5 million of cash provided by financing activities during fiscal 2014. The increase in cash used in financing activities is primarily due to net repayments under our existing revolving line of credit during fiscal 2015 versus receipt of cash funds from refinanced debt associated with our February 2014 debt refinancing and the Oaktree warrant exercise in fiscal 2014.
Cash used in operating activities was $102.3 million during fiscal 2014 compared to cash provided by operating activities of $44.3 million during fiscal 2013. The change in cash provided by operating activities to cash used in operating activities is primarily due to the repayment of the Oaktree original issue discount of approximately $50.0 million and the repayment of payment-in-kind interest on debt of approximately $44.1 million as a result of our third quarter refinancing. This cash change is also due to an increase in working capital primarily as a result of the extinguishment of the warrant liability and Securities Litigation liability in fiscal 2014. The working capital increase is also attributable to a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and an increase in inventories, specifically an increase of raw materials on hand as of the balance sheet date. Cash used in investing activities was $19.1 million during fiscal 2014 compared to $1.9 million during fiscal 2013. The increase in cash used in investing activities primarily related to machinery and equipment additions associated with our standard business operations in the U.S. and U.K. and capitalizable costs associated with our investment in upgrading our company-wide information technology infrastructure expected to be implemented in fiscal 2016. Cash provided by financing activities was $120.5 million during fiscal 2014 compared to $40.9 million cash used in financing activities during fiscal 2013. The change to cash provided by financing activities from cash used in financing activities is due to proceeds received from refinanced debt and the Oaktree warrant exercise in fiscal 2014.
At July 31, 2015, we had a total of $12.8 million in cash and cash equivalents. Of this balance, $2.6 million was held outside the United States in the United Kingdom in foreign currencies. Because we expect existing domestic cash and cash flows from operations to continue to be sufficient to fund our domestic operating activities and cash commitments, and in order to ensure sufficient working capital and expand operations in the United Kingdom, it is our intention to indefinitely reinvest all current and future foreign earnings at these locations. Applicable U.S. income taxes have not been provided on approximately $75.6 million of undistributed earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries as of July 31, 2015, because these earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested. The net federal income tax liability that would arise if these earnings were not indefinitely reinvested is approximately $26.4 million. Applicable U.S. income taxes are provided on these earnings in the periods in which they are no longer considered indefinitely reinvested. In the event that management elects for any reason in the future to repatriate some or all of the foreign earnings that were previously deemed to be indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States, we would incur additional tax expense upon such repatriation.

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Refinancing
On February 19, 2014, we refinanced our debt capital structure and entered into a warrant exercise transaction described below. We entered into a 4.5 year senior secured term loan facility (the “the Term Loan Facility”) in an aggregate principal amount of $415.0 million, entered into a 4.5 year senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the “ABL Facility”) in an aggregate principal amount of $125.0 million, and issued $230.0 million in 7.000% Senior Notes due March 2019 (the “Notes”). Pursuant to a warrant agreement dated February 9, 2014 (the “Warrant Exercise Agreement”), OCM PF/FF Adamantine Holdings, Ltd. (a subsidiary of Oaktree) exercised its warrant to purchase 4,420,859 shares of our common stock at the $10.00 exercise price per share for $44.2 million, less a warrant cash exercise and contractual modification inducement fee of $15.0 million (the “Warrant Exercise Transaction”). The Warrant Exercise Transaction and the refinancing transactions closed concurrently on February 19, 2014 and we derecognized the warrant liability of approximately $84.1 million on that date.
We used the net proceeds of the Term Loan Facility, the Notes and the Warrant Exercise Transaction to (1) prepay approximately $348.0 million of indebtedness outstanding under, and terminate the Secured Credit Facility, (2) prepay approximately $276.0 million of indebtedness outstanding under, and terminate, the Oaktree Senior Notes, (3) pay approximately $32.3 million of prepayment premiums to the holders of the Oaktree Senior Notes, and (4) pay fees related to the preparation, negotiation, execution and delivery of the definitive documentation for the Term Loan Facility, the Notes and the ABL Facility. In accordance with ASC 835-30-45-3 Imputation of Interest — Other Presentation Matters, we recorded $14.5 million of new debt issuance costs associated with the February 2014 debt refinancing as deferred financing charges. Certain debt issuance costs incurred were expensed to Loss on debt extinguishment based on the portion of the refinancing that was considered a debt modification that arose from certain lenders continued participation in our refinanced debt structure. Debt issuance costs largely included arrangement fees paid to underwriters, legal fees, accounting fees, consulting fees, and printing fees. We recorded the current portion of these costs in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and the non-current portion was recorded in Other long-term assets in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts will be amortized over the life of the respective new debt agreements.
We recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $83.0 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2014. Of the $83.0 million, we recorded approximately $70.3 million associated with the Oaktree Senior Notes, non-cash charges of $10.6 million resulting from the write-off of unamortized transaction costs and fees, and $2.1 million in new third party debt issuance costs associated with certain lenders that continued participation in the debt arrangements both prior to and subsequent to the refinancing transaction.
The $70.3 million included $28.7 million, which was a portion of the $32.3 million call premium we paid to the holders of the Oaktree Senior Notes and approximately $41.6 million related to the excess payout of the Oaktree Senior Notes to account for the difference in the carrying value and actual payout, which was based on the Oaktree Senior Notes fair value as of the date of refinancing. Of the $32.3 million call premium, the remaining $3.6 million related to the portion of the refinancing that was considered a debt modification and was recorded as a contra-debt liability on our Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Guaranteed Loan
In December 2010, Kettle Foods obtained, and we guaranteed, a 10-year fixed rate loan (the “Guaranteed Loan”) in the principal amount of $21.2 million, of which $6.0 million was outstanding as of July 31, 2015. Principal and interest payments are due monthly throughout the term of the loan. The Guaranteed Loan was being used to purchase equipment for the Beloit, Wisconsin plant expansion. The Guaranteed Loan provides for customary affirmative and negative covenants related to financial reporting and operations.


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Term Loan Facility and ABL Facility
The Term Loan Facility matures on August 20, 2018 and is amortized in equal quarterly installments in an aggregate annual amount equal to 1.0% of the original principal amount of the Term Loan Facility with the balance payable on the maturity date of the Term Loan Facility. The Term Loan Facility currently permits us to increase the term loans, or add a separate tranche of term loans, by an amount not to exceed $100.0 million plus the maximum amount of additional term loans that we could incur without its senior secured leverage ratio exceeding 4.50 to 1.00 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such increase or addition. Amounts outstanding bear interest at a rate per annum equal to: (i) the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the Term Loan Facility and subject to a “floor” of 1.00%) plus the applicable margin or (ii) the Base Rate (as defined in the Term Loan Facility), which is the greatest of (a) Credit Suisse’s prime rate, (b) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50% and (c) the Eurodollar Rate for an interest period of one month plus 1.00%, plus, in each case, the applicable margin to be agreed with the lenders party thereto.
Loans under the ABL facility are available up to a maximum amount outstanding at any one time equal to the lesser of (a) $125.0 million and (b) the amount of the Borrowing Base, in each case, less customary reserves. Under the ABL Facility, we have a $20.0 million sublimit for the issuance of letters of credit, and a Swing Line Facility of up to $12.5 million for same day borrowings. Borrowing Base is defined as (a) 85% of the amount of the Company’s eligible accounts receivable; plus (b) the lesser of (i) 70% of the book value of eligible inventory in the US and (ii) 85% times the net orderly liquidation value of our eligible inventory in the U.S.; less (c) in each case, customary reserves. During fiscal 2015, we had average borrowing of $1.2 million under the ABL Facility with amount borrowed at any one time during the fiscal year ranging from zero to $11.0 million. As of July 31, 2015, we had $5.0 million in loans outstanding under the ABL Facility, the amount of letters of credit issued under the ABL Facility was $6.2 million and the net availability under the ABL Facility was $103.0 million.
Under the ABL Facility, we may elect that the loans bear interest at a rate per annum equal to: (i) the LIBOR Rate plus the applicable margin; or (ii) the Base rate plus applicable margin. “Base Rate” means the greatest of (a) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, (b) the LIBOR Rate (which rate shall be calculated based upon an interest period of one month and shall be determined on a daily basis), plus 1.00%, and (c) the rate of interest announced, from time to time, by Wells Fargo at its principal office in San Francisco as its “prime rate”. The LIBOR Rate shall be available for interest periods of one week or, one, two, three or six months and, if all lenders agree, twelve months.
The Term Loan Facility and ABL Facility provide for customary affirmative and negative covenants. The Term Loan Facility has customary cross default provisions and the ABL Facility contains cross-acceleration provisions, in each case that may be triggered if we fail to comply with obligations under our other credit facilities or indebtedness. The Term Loan Facility has a first priority perfected lien on substantially all property, plant and equipment, capital stock, intangibles and second priority lien on the ABL Priority Collateral, subject to customary exceptions. The ABL Facility requires us to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.1:1 if at any time excess availability is less than 10% of maximum availability; and requires us to apply substantially all cash collections to reduce outstanding borrowings under the ABL Facility if excess availability falls below 12.5% of maximum availability for a period of five consecutive business days. The ABL Facility is secured by a first-priority lien on accounts receivable, inventory, cash and deposit accounts and a second-priority lien on all real estate, equipment and equity interests of the Company under, and guarantors of, the ABL Facility.
Notes
The Notes mature on March 15, 2019. Interest on the Notes is payable on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commencing September 15, 2014. On or after March 15, 2016, we may redeem all or a part of the Notes at a price equal to 103.500% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, with such optional redemption prices decreasing to 101.750% on and after March 15, 2017 and 100.000% on and after March 15, 2018. Before March 15, 2016, we may redeem some or all of the Notes at a price equal to 100.000% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date and the make-whole premium. Before March 15, 2016, we may redeem up to 35% of the Notes with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings at a redemption price equal to 107.000% of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption. If we experience a change of control, Diamond must offer to purchase for cash all or any part of each holder’s Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. The indenture pursuant to which the Notes were issued contains customary covenants that, among other things, limit our ability and our restricted subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness, make restricted payments, enter into transactions with affiliates, create liens, pay dividends on or repurchase stock, make specified types of investments, and sell all or substantially all of their assets or merge with other companies. Each of the covenants is subject to a number of important exceptions and qualifications.
For fiscal 2015, 2014, and 2013 and the blended interest rate for our long-term borrowings, excluding the Oaktree Senior Notes, was 5.29%, 5.43%, and 6.73% respectively. For fiscal 2015, 2014, and 2013 the blended interest rate for our short-term

29


borrowings, excluding the Oaktree Senior Notes, was 1.65%, 6.07%, and 6.69% respectively. As of July 31, 2015, the Company was compliant with all of its financial and reporting covenants under its refinanced debt structure.
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
Contractual obligations and commitments at July 31, 2015 were as follows (in millions). For obligations under our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans, refer to Note 13 to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Payments Due by Period
 
Total
 
FY 2016
 
FY 2017 -
FY 2018
 
FY 2019 -
FY 2020
 
Thereafter
ABL Facility
$
5.0

 
$
5.0

 
$

 
$

 
$

Long-term obligations
644.8

 
6.6

 
11.9

 
626.3

 

Interest on long-term obligations (1)
113.8

 
34.0

 
67.6

 
12.2

 

Capital leases
8.1

 
2.9

 
3.8

 
1.4

 

Interest on capital leases
0.9

 
0.4

 
0.4

 
0.1

 

Operating leases
34.5

 
4.6

 
9.2

 
8.6

 
12.1

Purchase commitments (2)
88.1

 
72.0

 
7.3

 
8.5

 
0.3

Other long-term liabilities (3)
4.9

 
1.2

 
2.5

 
1.2

 

Total (4)
$
900.1

 
$
126.7

 
$
102.7

 
$
658.3

 
$
12.4

 
(1)
Amounts represent the expected cash interest payments on our long-term debt. Interest on our variable rate debt was forecasted using a LIBOR forward curve analysis as of July 31, 2015.
(2)
Amounts represent primarily commitments to purchase inventory and equipment. Excludes purchase commitments under Walnut Purchase Agreements due to uncertainty of pricing and quantity.
(3)
Excludes $0.4 million in deferred rent liabilities. Additionally, the liability for uncertain tax positions ($1.1 million at July 31, 2015, excluding associated interest and penalties) has been excluded from the contractual obligations table because a reasonably reliable estimate of the timing of future tax settlements cannot be determined.
(4)
In the above table, we did not include either the €0.5 million of deferred cash contingent consideration or the call and put options on the remaining 49% of Yellow Chips outstanding equity. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements
As of July 31, 2015, we did not have any material off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in Item 303(a) (4) (ii) of SEC Regulation S-K.
Effects of Inflation
The most significant inflationary factor affecting our net sales and cost of sales is the change in market prices for purchased nuts, corn, potatoes, oils and other ingredients. The prices of these commodities are affected by U.S. and world market conditions and are volatile in response to supply and demand, as well as political, economic and weather events. The price fluctuations of these commodities do not necessarily correlate with the general inflation rate. However, in the event of inflation, operating costs such as labor, energy and materials are likely to increase.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of our assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Our critical accounting policies are set forth below.
Revenue Recognition and Accounts Receivable. We recognize revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title and risk of loss has transferred to the buyer, price is fixed, delivery occurs and collection is reasonably assured. Revenues are recorded net of rebates, introductory or slotting payments, coupons, promotion and marketing allowances. The amount we accrue for promotions is based on an estimate of the level of performance of the trade promotion, and is based upon factors such as historical trends with similar promotions, expectations regarding customer and consumer participation and sales

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and payment trends with similar previously offered programs. Customers have the right to return certain products. Product returns are estimated based upon historical results and are reflected as a reduction in sales. Evaluating these estimates requires management judgment, and changes in our assumptions could impact the amount recorded for our sales, cost of sales and net income.
Inventories. All inventories are accounted for on a lower of cost or market basis, with cost historically determined using a combination of first-in first-out (“FIFO”) and weighted average cost. Beginning in the first fiscal quarter of 2015, we changed the inventory valuation method from FIFO to weighted average cost for certain inventories. The effect of this change was not material to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements for fiscal 2014 and 2013. We have entered into walnut purchase agreements with growers, under which they deliver their walnut crop from the contracted acres to us during the fall harvest season, and pursuant to our walnut purchase agreements, we determine the price for this inventory after receipt and by the end of the fiscal year. This purchase price is determined by us based on our discretion provided in the agreements, taking into account market conditions, crop size, and quality and nut varieties, among other relevant factors. Since the ultimate purchase price to be paid will be determined subsequent to receiving the walnut crop from the contracted acres, we estimate the final purchase price for our interim financial statements. Those interim estimates may subsequently change due to changes in the factors described above, and the effect of the change could be significant. Any such changes in estimates are accounted for in the period of change by adjusting inventory on hand or cost of goods sold if the inventory is sold through. Changes in estimates may affect the ending inventory balances, as well as gross profit.
Property, Plant and Equipment. Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of assets ranging from 30 to 39 years for buildings, ranging from 3 to 15 years for machinery, equipment and software, and the shorter of lease terms or estimated useful lives for building and leasehold improvements.
We perform impairment tests on our property, plant, and equipment when circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. Indicators of impairment could include significant changes in business environment or planned closure of a facility. Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating changes and to estimate asset useful lives and future cash flows. If actual results are not consistent with our estimates and assumptions used to calculate estimated future cash flows, we may be exposed to a significant impairment loss.
Valuation of Long-lived and Intangible Assets and Goodwill. We periodically review long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangible assets for impairment in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment.” Identifiable intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives of 20 years. Goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization are reviewed annually for impairment in accordance with ASC 350, “Intangibles — Goodwill and Other,” or more often if there are indications of possible impairment. Beginning in fiscal 2015, the Company changed the date of its annual impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles from June 30 to May 1. The Company believes this change in the method of applying an accounting principle, is preferable as it will provide additional time for the Company to quantify the fair value of its reporting units and better align the strategic planning process as well as the resources used in the testing. It is not intended to nor does it delay, accelerate, or avoid an impairment charge.
The analysis to determine whether or not an asset is impaired requires significant judgments that are dependent on internal forecasts, including estimated future cash flows, estimates of long-term growth rates for our business, the expected life over which cash flows will be realized and assumed royalty and discount rates. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value and any impairment charge. While the fair value of these assets exceeds their carrying value based on our current estimates and assumptions, materially different estimates and assumptions in the future in response to changing economic conditions, changes in our business or for other reasons could result in the recognition of impairment losses.
For assets to be held and used, including identifiable intangible assets and long-lived assets subject to amortization, we initiate our review whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of a long-lived asset subject to amortization is measured by comparison of its carrying amount to the expected future undiscounted cash flows that the asset is expected to generate. Any impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value. Significant management judgment is required in this process.
For brand intangible assets not subject to amortization, we test for impairment annually, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. In testing brand intangibles for impairment, we compare the fair value with the carrying value. The determination of fair value is based on the relief from royalty method, which models the cash flows from the brand intangibles assuming royalties were received under a licensing arrangement. This discounted cash flow analysis uses inputs such as forecasted future revenues attributable to the brand, assumed royalty rates

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and a risk-adjusted discount rate. If we were to experience a decrease in forecasted future revenues attributable to the brands, this could indicate a potential impairment. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, the brand intangible asset is considered impaired, and an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the brand intangible asset. We performed our annual intangible asset impairment analysis as of May 1, 2015 and determined that we did not have any impairment. The fair values of the brand intangible assets were substantially in excess of their carrying values except for Kettle U.K. The fair value of the Kettle U.K. brand intangible asset exceeds its carrying value by 14%. Changes in our results, assumptions or estimates could affect the estimation of the fair value and potentially lead to impairment.
We perform our annual goodwill impairment test as required by ASC 350 as of May 1 of each year. For both fiscal 2015 and 2014, we elected to perform a quantitative goodwill impairment analysis rather than a qualitative analysis. In addition, goodwill impairment is tested at the reporting units, which are the same as our operating segments. The fair value of each reporting unit is calculated using a blend of the income and the market approach. Goodwill impairment is indicated if the book value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, in which case the goodwill is written down to its estimated fair value. Major assumptions applied in an income approach, using a discounted cash flow analysis, include (i) forecasted sales growth rates and (ii) forecasted profitability, both of which are estimated based on consideration of historical performance and management’s estimate of future performance, and (iii) discount rates that are used to calculate the present value of future cash flows, which rates are derived based on our estimated weighted average cost of capital. Our weighted average cost of capital included a review and assessment of market and capital structure assumptions. The major assumptions in the market approach include the selected multiples applied to certain operating statistics, such as revenues and income, as well as an estimated control premium. Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating changes and business initiatives in order to estimate future growth rates and profitability which is used to estimate future cash flows and multiples. For example, a significant change in promotional strategy, a shortfall in contracted walnut supply or an increase in tree nut commodity costs could have a direct impact on revenue growth and operating costs, which could have a direct impact on the profitability of the reporting units. Future business results could significantly impact the evaluation of our goodwill which could have a material impact on the determination of whether a potential impairment existed, and the size of any such impairment. At July 31, 2015, the carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets totaled approximately $779.0 million, compared to total assets of approximately $1,212.7 million and total shareholders’ equity of approximately $308.6 million. At July 31, 2014, the carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets totaled approximately $803.1 million, compared to total assets of approximately $1,192.8 million and total shareholders’ equity of approximately $283.8 million. We performed our annual goodwill impairment analysis as of May 1, 2015 using discount rates ranging from 8.2% to 10.2% and goodwill was determined not to be impaired.
We cannot guarantee that we will not record a material impairment charge in the future. The margin by which the fair values of the Emerald reporting units exceed carrying values is as low as 20% making the impairment assessment especially sensitive to changes in forecasted revenue and margins. As a result, changes in our results, assumptions or estimates could materially affect the estimation of the fair value of a reporting unit and, therefore, could reduce the excess of fair value over the carrying value of a reporting unit entirely and could result in goodwill impairment. Events and conditions that could indicate impairment include a sustained drop in the market price of our common stock, increased competition or loss of market share, increases in our tree nut commodity costs, lack of product innovation or obsolescence, or product claims that result in a significant loss of sales or profitability over a period of time. For example, an expected decline in long-term forecasted cash flow projections, such as net sales for a reporting unit, could indicate a fair value which is lower than carrying value. To the extent calculated fair values decline to a level lower than reporting unit carrying values, or if other indicators of potential impairment are present, we will be required to take further steps to determine if an impairment of goodwill has occurred and to calculate an impairment loss.
Employee Benefits. We incur various employment-related benefit costs with respect to qualified pension and deferred compensation plans. Assumptions are made related to discount rates used to value certain liabilities, assumed rates of return on assets in the plans, compensation increases, employee turnover and mortality rates. We review our assumptions on an annual basis and make modifications to the assumptions based on current rates and trends when it is deemed appropriate. The effect of any modification is generally recorded and amortized over future periods. Changes in the underlying assumptions could also result in the recognition of differing amounts of expense and an increase or decrease to the amount of the liability. For example, a 1% increase or decrease on the discount rate could impact the projected benefit obligation by ($3.6) million and $4.5 million, respectively.
Income Taxes. We account for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes.” This guidance requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized for the tax effect of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of recorded assets and liabilities at currently enacted tax rates. This guidance also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The recoverability of deferred tax assets is based on both our historical and anticipated earnings levels and is reviewed

32


periodically to determine if additional valuation allowances are required if it is determined it is more likely than not that deferred tax asset will not be recovered. When we establish or reduce the valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets, our provision for income taxes will increase or decrease respectively in the period such determination is made.
We evaluated our valuation allowance for fiscal 2015 and decreased the valuation allowance to $143.8 million as of July 31, 2015 from $150.8 million as of July 31, 2014.
There are inherent uncertainties related to the interpretations of tax laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate. We may take tax positions that management believes are supportable, but are potentially subject to successful challenge by taxing authorities. We strive to resolve open matters with each tax authority at the examination level and could reach agreement with a tax authority at any time. While we have accrued for matters we believe are more likely than not to require settlement, the final outcome with a tax authority may result in a tax liability that is more or less than the amount reflected in the consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we may later decide to challenge any assessments, and may exercise our right to appeal. Uncertain tax positions are reviewed quarterly and adjusted as events occur that affect potential liabilities for additional taxes, such as lapsing of applicable statutes of limitations, proposed assessments by tax authorities, negotiations between tax authorities, identification of new issues and issuance of new legislation, regulations, or case law. Management believes that adequate amounts of tax and related penalty and interest have been provided in income tax expense for any adjustments that may result from these uncertain tax positions.
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. We account for stock-based compensation arrangements, including stock option grants, performance stock units and restricted stock awards, in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718, “Compensation — Stock Compensation.” Under this guidance, compensation cost is recognized based on the fair value of equity awards on the date of grant. The compensation cost is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. We use the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options at the date of grant. This model requires us to make assumptions such as expected term, volatility and forfeiture rates that determine the stock options’ fair value. These key assumptions are based on historical information and judgment regarding market factors and trends. If actual results are not consistent with our assumptions and judgments used in estimating these factors, we may be required to increase or decrease compensation expense, which could be material to our results of operations. We use the Monte-Carlo option pricing model to determine the fair value of performance stock unit awards at the date of grant. The Monte-Carlo option-pricing model uses similar input assumptions as the Black-Scholes model; however, it further incorporates into the fair-value determination the possibility that the performance based market condition may not be satisfied. Compensation costs related to awards with a market-based condition are recognized regardless of whether the market condition is ultimately satisfied. Compensation cost is not reversed if the achievement of the market condition does not occur. The fair value of restricted stock awards and the fair value of restricted stock units are based on the closing market value of our common stock at the date of grant.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information on recent accounting pronouncements.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market Risk. Our principal market risks are exposure to changes in commodity prices, interest rates on borrowings and foreign currency exchange rates.
Commodities Risk. The availability, size, quality, and cost of raw materials for the production of our products, including walnuts, pecans, peanuts, cashews, almonds, other nuts, corn, potatoes and oils are subject to risks inherent to farming, such as crop size and yield fluctuations caused by poor weather and growing conditions, pest and disease problems, and other factors beyond our control. Additionally, our supply of raw materials could be reduced if governmental agencies conclude that our products have been tampered with, or that certain pesticides, herbicides or other chemicals used by growers have left harmful residues on portions of the crop or that the crop has been contaminated by aflatoxin or other agents.
Interest Rate Risk. We have established a formal investment policy to help minimize the exposure to our cash equivalents for changes to interest rates, which are primarily affected by credit quality and the type of cash equivalents we hold. These guidelines focus on managing liquidity and preserving principal. Our cash equivalents are primarily held for liquidity purposes and are comprised of high quality investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased. With such a short maturity, our portfolio’s market value is relatively insensitive to interest rate changes.
The sensitivity of our cash and cash equivalent portfolio as of July 31, 2015 to a 100 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates would not be significant.

33


Interest rate volatility could also materially affect the fair value of our variable and fixed rate debt, as well as the interest rate we pay on future borrowings under our ABL Facility and Term Loan Facility. The interest rate we pay on future borrowings under our ABL Facility bear interest based on the Libor rate or a base rate plus an applicable margin (as defined in the ABL Facility). Amounts outstanding under the Term Loan Facility are expected to bear interest at a rate per annum equal to: (i) the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the Term Loan Facility and subject to a “floor” of 1.00%) plus the applicable margin or (ii) the Base Rate (as defined in the Term Loan Facility).
The Notes bear fixed rate interest of 7.000% per annum. Interest payments on the Notes are due semi-annually each March 15 and September 15. The maturity date of the Notes is March 15, 2019.
A hypothetical 100 basis point increase or decrease on our variable interest rates would increase or decrease our interest expense by $4.2 million over the next fiscal year.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk. We have operations outside the U.S. with foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities, primarily in the United Kingdom. Because we have foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities, financial exposure may result, primarily from the timing of transactions and the movement of exchange rates.
For the years ended July 31, 2015 and July 31, 2014 due to fluctuations in the British pound, there was a significant impact on the foreign currency translation adjustment associated with the goodwill and other intangible assets allocated to Kettle U.K.
The foreign currency balance sheet exposures as of July 31, 2015 are not expected to result in a significant impact on future earnings or cash flows.
Our sales of finished goods and purchases of raw materials and supplies from outside the U.S. are generally denominated in U.S. dollars. Thus, certain revenues and expenses have been, and are expected to be, subject to the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, and these fluctuations may have an impact on operating results.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


34


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Diamond Foods, Inc.

In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity and cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Diamond Foods, Inc. and its subsidiaries at July 31, 2015 and July 31, 2014, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended July 31, 2015 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of July 31, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing in Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
San Francisco, California
October 1, 2015

35


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share information)
 
 
July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
ASSETS
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
12,758

 
$
5,318

Trade receivables, net
95,005

 
95,505

Inventories, net
158,805

 
124,273

Deferred income taxes
4,133

 
4,154

Prepaid income taxes
458

 
5,196

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
12,070

 
9,425

Total current assets
283,229

 
243,871

Equity method investment
1,855

 

Property, plant and equipment, net
137,065

 
131,891

Goodwill
403,535

 
410,720

Other intangible assets, net
375,489

 
392,358

Other long-term assets
11,519

 
13,994

Total assets
$
1,212,692

 
$
1,192,834

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt, net
$
9,193

 
$
10,088

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
117,181

 
117,677

Payable to growers
10,377

 
5,784

Total current liabilities
136,751

 
133,549

Long-term obligations, net
633,134

 
637,327

Deferred income taxes
114,715

 
115,902

Other liabilities
19,515

 
22,256

Total liabilities
904,115

 
909,034

Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; Authorized: 5,000,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; Authorized: 100,000,000 shares; 32,004,979 and 31,824,701 shares issued, 31,490,671 and 31,380,758 shares outstanding at July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively
31

 
31

Treasury stock, at cost: 514,308 and 443,943 shares at July 31, 2015 and 2014
(14,427
)
 
(12,418
)
Additional paid-in capital
606,174

 
594,608

Accumulated other comprehensive income
5,823

 
23,633

Accumulated deficit
(289,024
)
 
(322,054
)
Total stockholders’ equity
308,577

 
283,800

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
1,212,692

 
$
1,192,834

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

36


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share information)
 
 
Year Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Net sales
$
864,165

 
$
865,207

 
$
864,012

Cost of sales
636,171

 
656,961

 
658,489

Gross profit
227,994

 
208,246

 
205,523

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
112,599

 
151,315

 
233,373

Advertising
39,421

 
43,336

 
41,528

Loss on warrant liability

 
25,933

 
11,326

Warrant exercise fee

 
15,000

 

Asset impairments

 

 
37,560

Total operating expenses
152,020

 
235,584

 
323,787

Income (loss) from operations
75,974

 
(27,338
)
 
(118,264
)
Loss on debt extinguishment

 
83,004

 

Interest expense, net
40,757

 
51,969

 
57,925

Other income
41

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes
35,258

 
(162,311
)
 
(176,189
)
Income taxes (benefit)
2,228

 
2,391

 
(16,278
)
Net income (loss)
$
33,030

 
$
(164,702
)
 
$
(159,911
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.05

 
$
(6.33
)
 
$
(7.33
)
Diluted
$
1.04

 
$
(6.33
)
 
$
(7.33
)
Shares used to compute earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
31,138

 
26,033

 
21,813

Diluted
31,570

 
26,033

 
21,813

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

37


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands)
 
 
Year ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Net income (loss)
$
33,030

 
$
(164,702
)
 
$
(159,911
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax (1)
(16,828
)
 
22,116

 
(5,878
)
Change in pension liabilities, net of tax (2)
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain/(loss) arising during period
(944
)
 
(2,122
)
 
5,310

Less: amortization of prior (gain)/loss included in net periodic pension cost
(38
)
 
(368
)
 
531

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(17,810
)
 
19,626

 
(37
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
15,220

 
$
(145,076
)
 
$
(159,948
)

(1)
Net of tax effect of $1.0 million, $0.2 million, and nil for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
(2)
Net of tax effect of nil for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013.
See notes to the consolidated financial statements

38


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except share information)
 
Common Stock
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained Earnings (Accumulated
Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance, July 31, 2012
22,114,241

 
$
22

 
$
(9,815
)
 
$
327,984

 
$
2,559

 
$
4,044

 
$
324,794

Shares issued upon stock option exercises
125,231

 
 
 
 
 
2,097

 
 
 
 
 
2,097

Issuance of common stock under equity incentive plans
209,011














Stock compensation expense


 
1

 
 
 
4,229

 
 
 
 
 
4,230

Treasury stock repurchased
(72,077
)
 
 
 
(1,204
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,204
)
Other

 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(159,911
)
 
 
 
(159,911
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(37
)
 
(37
)
Balance, July 31, 2013
22,376,406

 
$
23

 
$
(11,019
)

$
334,310


$
(157,352
)

$
4,007


$
169,969

Shares issued upon stock option exercises
72,837

 
 
 
 
 
1,268

 
 
 
 
 
1,268

Issuance of common stock under equity incentive plans
114,246

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Stock compensation expense


 


 
 
 
7,484

 
 
 
 
 
7,484

Treasury stock repurchased
(53,590
)
 
 
 
(1,399
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,399
)
Other (1)
8,870,859

 
8

 
 
 
251,546

 
 
 
 
 
251,554

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(164,702
)
 
 
 
(164,702
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19,626

 
19,626

Balance, July 31, 2014
31,380,758

 
$
31

 
$
(12,418
)
 
$
594,608

 
$
(322,054
)
 
$
23,633

 
$
283,800

Shares issued upon stock option exercises
117,064

 
 
 
 
 
1,990

 
 
 
 
 
1,990

Issuance of common stock under equity incentive plans
63,214

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Stock compensation expense


 
 
 
 
 
9,576

 
 
 
 
 
9,576

Treasury stock repurchased
(70,365
)
 
 
 
(2,009
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,009
)
Other

 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
33,030

 
 
 
33,030

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(17,810
)
 
(17,810
)
Balance, July 31, 2015
31,490,671

 
$
31

 
$
(14,427
)
 
$
606,174

 
$
(289,024
)
 
$
5,823

 
$
308,577

 
(1)
Activity represents issuance of 4.45 million shares in connection with our securities litigation settlement and the issuance of approximately 4.4 million shares as a result of the Oaktree warrant exercise in the third quarter of fiscal 2014. Refer to Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

39


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
Year Ended July 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
33,030

 
$
(164,702
)
 
$
(159,911
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
28,857

 
31,506

 
33,525

Deferred income taxes
1,579

 
2,024

 
(14,733
)
Stock-based compensation
9,576

 
7,484

 
4,229

Loss on warrant liability

 
25,933

 
11,326

Loss on securities settlement

 
38,136

 
96,129

Loss on debt extinguishment

 
52,295

 

Repayment payment-in-kind interest on debt

 
(44,110
)
 

Gain on separation and clawback agreement

 

 
(3,173
)
Oaktree debt prepayment penalty

 
(3,600
)
 

Repayment of Oaktree original issued discount and related amortization

 
(50,016
)
 

Original issue discount amortization, Term Loan Facility
1,604

 
2,284

 

Debt issuance costs amortization
4,356

 
3,403

 
3,393

Payment-in-kind interest on debt

 
16,906

 
24,526

Impairment of intangible asset

 

 
37,560

Equity in earnings of investee, net of cash distributions
(41
)
 

 

Other, net
194

 
203

 
1,869

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Trade receivables, net
(2,147
)
 
5,126

 
(13,077
)
Inventories, net
(35,047
)
 
(8,268
)
 
50,123

Prepaid expenses and other current assets and income taxes
2,024

 
(1,888
)
 
7,929

Other assets
38

 
5,627

 
2,821

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
393

 
(19,343
)
 
(10,091
)
Payable to growers
4,593

 
(312
)
 
(27,620
)
Other liabilities
(971
)
 
(948
)
 
(564
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
48,038

 
(102,260
)
 
44,261

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(27,389
)
 
(19,381
)
 
(9,352
)
Investment in equity method investee
(1,923
)
 

 

Loan to equity investee
(1,253
)
 

 

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
233

 
186

 
1,254

Proceeds from restricted cash

 

 
6,091

Other, net
237

 
140

 
137

Net cash used in investing activities
(30,095
)
 
(19,055
)
 
(1,870
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
 
Borrowings (repayment) of revolving line of credit under the ABL Facility, net
(1,000
)
 
6,000

 

Borrowings (repayment) of revolving line of credit under the Secured Credit Facility, net

 
(154,000
)
 
(28,300
)
Payments on long-term debt and notes payable
(9,115
)
 
(8,519
)
 
(11,755
)
Repayment of Oaktree Senior Notes

 
(181,789
)
 

Repayment on long-term debt and notes payable

 
(213,636
)
 

Proceeds from Term Loan Facility, net of original issue discount

 
412,925

 

Proceeds from Notes issuance

 
230,000

 

Debt issuance costs

 
(14,499
)
 

Proceeds from warrant exercise

 
44,209

 

Purchase of treasury stock
(2,009
)
 
(1,399
)
 
(1,115
)
Other, net
1,990

 
1,230

 
289

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(10,134
)
 
120,522

 
(40,881
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(369
)
 
226

 
1,084

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
7,440

 
(567
)
 
2,594

Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
5,318

 
5,885

 
3,291

End of period
$
12,758

 
$
5,318

 
$
5,885

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash paid (refunded) during the period for:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest
$
36,610

 
$
21,327

 
$
28,789

Income taxes
(4,560
)
 
627

 
(5,863
)
Non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures
1,277

 
1,413

 
653

Capital lease
345

 
112

 
4,441

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

40


DIAMOND FOODS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
July 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013
(In thousands, except share and per share information unless otherwise noted)
(1) Description of Business
Diamond Foods, Inc. (the “Company” or “Diamond”) is a snack food and culinary nut company focused on making innovative, convenient and delicious snacks as well as culinary nuts true to our 100-year plus heritage. Diamond specializes in processing, marketing and distributing snack products and culinary, in-shell and ingredient nuts. In 2004, Diamond complemented its strong heritage in the culinary nut market under the Diamond of California brand by launching a line of snack nuts under the Emerald brand. In 2008, Diamond acquired the Pop Secret brand of microwave popcorn products, which provided the Company with increased scale in the snack market, significant supply chain economies of scale and cross promotional opportunities with its existing brands. In March 2010, Diamond acquired Kettle Foods, a leading premium potato chip company in the two largest potato chip markets in the world, the United States and the United Kingdom, which added the premium Kettle Brand and KETTLE Chips brands to Diamond’s existing portfolio of leading brands in the snack industry. Diamond sells its products to global, national, regional and independent grocery, drug and convenience store chains, as well as to mass merchandisers, club stores, other retail channels and non-retail channels.
Diamond reports its operating results on the basis of a fiscal year that starts August 1 and ends July 31. Diamond refers to the fiscal years ended July 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, as “fiscal 2015,” “fiscal 2014” and “fiscal 2013,” respectively.
(2) Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The Company uses the equity method to account for investments in which the Company exercises significant influence over but does not control. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition and accounts receivables, inventories, useful lives of property, plant and equipment, valuation of long-lived assets, intangible assets and goodwill, and employee benefits, among others. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for management’s judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities.
Certain Risks and Concentrations
The Company’s revenues are principally derived from the sale of snack products and culinary, in-shell and ingredient nuts. Significant changes in customer buying behavior could adversely affect the Company’s operating results. Sales to the Company’s largest customer accounted for approximately 17%, 16% and 16% of total net sales in fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. No other single customer accounted for more than 10% of our total net sales for fiscal 2015, 2014 or 2013.
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency of the Company’s foreign operations is the applicable local currency, the British pound and Euro. The functional currency is translated into U.S. dollars for balance sheet accounts using currency exchange rates in effect as of the balance sheet date and for revenue and expense accounts using an average exchange rate in effect during the applicable period. The translation adjustments are deferred as a separate component of Stockholders’ equity in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Translation adjustments, net of tax, recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were $(16.8) million, $22.1 million and $(5.9) million for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

41


Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include investment of surplus cash in securities (primarily money market funds) with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are recognized at fair value. At July 31, 2015 and 2014, we had a total of $12.8 million and $5.3 million, respectively, in cash and cash equivalents. Of this balance, $2.6 million and $3.9 million, was held in the United Kingdom in foreign currencies as of July 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. It is the Company’s intention and ability to indefinitely reinvest all current and future foreign earnings at these locations in order to ensure sufficient working capital and expand operations.
Inventories
All inventories are accounted for on a lower of cost or market basis, with cost historically determined using a combination of first-in first-out ("FIFO") and weighted average cost. Beginning in the first fiscal quarter of 2015, the Company changed the inventory valuation method from FIFO to weighted average cost for certain inventories. The effect of this change was not material to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements for fiscal 2014 and 2013. The Company has entered into walnut purchase agreements with growers, under which they deliver their walnut crop from the contracted acres to the Company during the fall harvest season, and pursuant to the walnut purchase agreements, the Company determines the price for this inventory after delivery and by the end of the fiscal year. This purchase price is determined by the Company based on the Company’s discretion provided in the agreements, taking into account market conditions, crop size, and quality and nut varieties, among other relevant factors. Since the ultimate purchase price to be paid will be determined subsequent to receiving the walnut crop from the contracted acres, the Company estimates the final purchase price for the Company’s interim financial statements. Those interim estimates may subsequently change due to changes in the factors described above and the effect of the change could be significant. Any such changes in estimates are accounted for in the period of change by adjusting inventory on hand or cost of goods sold if the inventory is sold through.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of assets ranging from 30 to 39 years for buildings, ranging from 3 to 15 years for machinery, equipment and software, and the shorter of lease terms or estimated useful lives for building and leasehold improvements.
Slotting and Other Contractual Arrangements
In certain situations, the Company pays slotting fees to retail customers to acquire access to shelf space. These payments are recognized as a reduction of sales. In addition, the Company makes payments pursuant to contracts that stipulate the term of the agreement, the quantity and type of products to be sold and other requirements. Payments pursuant to these agreements are capitalized and included in other current and long-term assets, and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract. If no arrangement exists, the Company records payments as a reduction to gross sales to arrive at net sales.
Research and Development Costs
The Company expenses research and development costs as incurred. Such costs include materials, equipment, facilities, personnel, contract services and other indirect costs that are related to research and development activities. In fiscal 2015 and 2014, we recorded approximately $4.9 million and $4.0 million, respectively, of research and development costs within Selling, general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statement of Operations.
Impairment of Long-Lived and Intangible Assets and Goodwill
Management reviews long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangible assets with finite lives for impairment in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment.” Goodwill and intangible assets not subject to amortization are reviewed annually for impairment in accordance with ASC 350, “Intangibles — Goodwill and Other,” or more often if there are indications of possible impairment.
The analysis to determine whether or not an asset is impaired requires significant judgment that is dependent on internal forecasts, including estimated future cash flows, estimates of long-term growth rates for our business, the expected life over which cash flows will be realized and assumed royalty and discount rates. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value and any impairment charge. While the fair value of these assets exceeds their carrying value based on management’s current estimates and assumptions, materially different estimates and assumptions in the future in response to changing economic conditions, changes in the business, increased competition or loss of market share, product innovation or obsolescence, product claims that result in a significant loss of sales or profitability over the product life or for other reasons could result in the recognition of impairment losses.

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For assets to be held and used, including acquired intangible assets and long-lived assets subject to amortization, the Company initiates a review whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of an asset is measured by comparison of its carrying amount to the expected future undiscounted cash flows that the asset is expected to generate. Any impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value. Significant management judgment is required in this process.
The Company tests its brand intangible assets not subject to amortization for impairment annually, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. In testing brand intangibles for impairment, Diamond compares the fair value with the carrying value. The determination of fair value is based on the relief from royalty method, which models the cash flows from the brand intangibles assuming royalties were received under a licensing arrangement. This discounted cash flow analysis, uses inputs such as forecasted future revenues attributable to the brand, assumed royalty rates and a risk-adjusted discount rate that approximates our estimated cost of capital. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, the brand intangible asset is considered impaired and an impairment loss will be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the brand intangible asset.
Beginning in fiscal 2015, the Company changed the date of its annual impairment testing of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles from June 30 to May 1. The Company believes this change in the method of applying an accounting principle is preferable as it will provide additional time for the Company to quantify the fair value of its reporting units and better align the strategic planning process as well as the resources used in the testing. It is not intended to nor does it delay, accelerate, or avoid an impairment charge. Goodwill impairment is tested at the reporting units, which are the same as the operating segments (See Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further detail regarding the Company’s reportable segments). The fair value of each reporting unit is calculated using a blend of the income and market approach. Goodwill impairment is indicated if the book value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, in which case the goodwill is written down to its estimated fair value. Major assumptions applied in an income approach, using a discounted cash flow analysis, include (i) forecasted growth rates and (ii) forecasted profitability, both of which are estimated based on consideration of historical performance and management’s estimate of future performance, and (iii) discount rates that are used to calculate the present value of future cash flows, which rates are derived based on our estimated weighted average cost of capital. Our weighted average cost of capital included a review and assessment of market and capital structure assumptions. The major assumptions in the market approach include the selected multiples applied to certain operating statistics, such as revenues and income, as well as an estimated control premium. Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating changes and business initiatives in order to estimate future growth rates and profitability which is used to estimate future cash flows and multiples. For example, a significant change in promotional strategy or a shortfall in contracted walnut supply would have a direct impact on revenue growth and operating costs, which would have a direct impact on the profitability of the reporting units. Future business results could significantly impact the evaluation of our goodwill which could have a material impact on the determination of whether a potential impairment existed, and the size of any such impairment.
Employee Benefits
The Company incurs various employment-related benefit costs with respect to qualified pension and deferred compensation plans. Assumptions are made related to discount rates used to value certain liabilities, assumed rates of return on assets in the plans, compensation increases, employee turnover and mortality rates. Different assumptions could result in the recognition of differing amounts of expense over different periods of time.
Revenue Recognition
The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, title and risk of loss has transferred to the buyer, price is fixed, delivery occurs and collection is reasonably assured. Revenues are recorded net of rebates, introductory or slotting payments, coupons, promotion and marketing allowances. The amount the Company accrues for promotions is based on an estimate of the level of performance of the trade promotion, which is dependent upon factors such as historical trends with similar promotions, expectations regarding customer and consumer participation and sales and payment trends with similar previously offered programs. Customers have the right to return certain products. Product returns are estimated based upon historical results and are reflected as a reduction in sales.
Promotion and Advertising Costs
Promotional allowances, customer rebates, coupons and marketing allowances are recorded at the time the related revenue is recognized and are reflected as reductions of sales. Annual volume rebates, promotion and marketing allowances are recorded based upon the terms of the arrangements. For more information regarding the Company’s accrual process for promotions, refer to the revenue recognition policy above. Coupon incentives are recorded at the time of distribution in amounts based on estimated redemption rates. The Company expenses advertising costs as incurred. Payments to reimburse customers for cooperative advertising programs are recorded in accordance with ASC 605-50, “Revenue Recognition —

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Customer Payments and Incentives.” Advertising expenses were $39.4 million, $43.3 million and $41.5 million in fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Cooperative advertising expenses recorded within advertising expenses were $3.0 million, $3.1 million and $3.5 million for fiscal 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Shipping and Handling Costs
Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling costs are included in net sales. Shipping and handling costs are charged to cost of sales as incurred.
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes,” which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized for the tax effect of temporary differences between the consolidated financial statement and tax basis of recorded assets and liabilities at currently enacted tax rates. This guidance also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The recoverability of deferred tax assets is based on both the historical and anticipated earnings levels and is reviewed periodically to determine if any additional valuation allowance is necessary if it is determined it is more likely than not that amounts will not be recovered. When the Company establishes or reduces the valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets, the Company’s provision for income taxes will increase or decrease respectively in the period such determination is made.
There are inherent uncertainties related to the interpretations of tax laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which the Company operates. The Company may take tax positions that management believes are supportable, but are potentially subject to successful challenge by taxing authorities. The Company strives to resolve open matters with each tax authority at the examination level and could reach agreement with a tax authority at any time. While the Company has accrued for matters that the Company believes are more likely than not to require settlement, the final outcome with a tax authority may result in a tax liability that is more or less than the amount reflected in the consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, the Company may later decide to challenge any assessments, and may exercise a right to appeal. Uncertain tax positions are reviewed quarterly and adjusted as events occur that affect potential liabilities for additional taxes, such as lapsing of applicable statutes of limitations, proposed assessments by tax authorities, negotiations between tax authorities, identification of new issues and issuance of new legislation, regulations, or case law. Management believes that adequate amounts of tax and related penalty and interest have been provided in income tax expense for any adjustments that may result from these uncertain tax positions.
Derivative Financial Instruments
Diamond records derivative financial instruments at fair value in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at the point the transaction is entered into and at the end of all subsequent reporting periods. On a quarterly basis, changes in the fair value of a derivative financial instrument are recorded in current period earnings.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of certain financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate the amounts recorded in the balance sheet because of the relatively short-term nature of these financial instruments. The fair value of the Company’s notes payable and long-term obligations except its Notes at the end of each fiscal period approximates the amounts recorded in the balance sheet based on information available to Diamond with respect to current interest rates and terms for similar financial instruments.
Stock-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation arrangements, including stock option grants, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and performance stock units in accordance with ASC 718, “Compensation — Stock Compensation.” Under this guidance, compensation cost is recognized based on the fair value of equity awards on the date of grant. The compensation cost is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. For stock option grants, the Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options. This model requires the Company to make assumptions such as expected term, dividends, volatility and forfeiture rates that determine the stock options fair value. These key assumptions are based on historical information and judgment regarding market factors and trends. If actual results are not consistent with the Company’s assumptions and judgments used in estimating these factors, the Company may be required to increase or decrease compensation expense, which could be material to its results of operations. For performance stock unit (“PSUs”) awards, the Company uses the Monte-Carlo option pricing model to determine the fair value of PSUs at the date of grant. The Monte-Carlo option-pricing model uses similar input assumptions as the Black-Scholes model; however, it further incorporates into the fair-value determination the possibility that the performance based market condition may not be satisfied. Compensation costs related to awards with a market-based condition are recognized regardless

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of whether the market condition is ultimately satisfied. Compensation cost is not reversed if the achievement of the market condition does not occur. For restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) and restricted stock units (“RSUs”), the fair value of awards is based on the closing market value of our common stock at the date of grant.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2014-08, “Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an entity.” The new guidance provides new criteria for reporting discontinued operations and specifically indicates a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results. The new guidance also requires expanded disclosures for discontinued operations. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2014. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance in fiscal 2015 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).” The new guidance provides new criteria for recognizing revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance also requires expanded disclosures to provide greater insight into both revenue that has been recognized and revenue that is expected to be recognized in the future from existing contracts. Quantitative and qualitative information will be provided about the significant judgments and changes in those judgments that management made to determine the revenue that is recorded. In August 2015, FASB issued ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Deferral of the Effective Date” to defer for one year the effective date of the new revenue standard and allow early adoption as of the original effective date which is for annual reports beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and is currently assessing the provisions of the guidance and has not determined the impact of the adoption of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718).” The new guidance provides new criteria for accounting for share-based payments when the terms of an award provide that a performance target could be achieved after the requisite service period. The amendments require that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period is treated as a performance condition. A reporting entity should apply existing guidance in Topic 718 as it relates to awards with performance conditions and compensation cost should be recognized in the period in which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved. The standard will be effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40).” The new guidance addresses management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. Management’s evaluation should be based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the financial statements are issued. The standard will be effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, “Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.” This guidance requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. This guidance simplifies presentation of debt issuance costs but does not address presentation or subsequent measurement of debt issue costs related to line of credit arrangements. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15 “Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements” which indicates the SEC staff would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements as an asset and subsequently amortizing the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. ASU 2015-03 will be effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and believes that the adoption of this guidance may have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

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In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330).” The new guidance requires most inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value, thereby simplifying the previous guidance under which an entity must measure inventory at the lower of cost or market. Market is defined as replacement cost, net realizable value (“NRV”), or NRV less a normal profit margin. The ASU will not apply to inventory that is measured using either the last-in, first-out method or the retail inventory method. The standard will be effective prospectively for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and is currently assessing the provisions of the guidance and has not determined the impact of the adoption of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-12, “Plan Accounting: Defined Benefit Pension Plans (Topic 960), Defined Contribution Benefit Plans (Topic 962), and Health and Welfare Benefit Plans (Topic 965),” a three-part update with the objective of simplifying benefit plan reporting to make the information presented more useful to the reader. Part I designates contract value as the only required measure for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts (“FBRIC”). A FBRIC is a guaranteed investment contract between the plan and an issuer in which the issuer agrees to pay a predetermined interest rate and principal for a set amount deposited with the issuer. Part II simplifies the investment disclosure requirements for employee benefits plans. Part III provides an alternative measurement date for fiscal periods that do not coincide with a month-end date. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. The amendments in Parts I and II of this standard are effective retrospectively. The Company does not expect to early adopt this guidance and does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
(3) Investment in Unconsolidated Subsidiary
On February 3, 2015, the Company purchased 51% of the outstanding shares of Yellow Chips Holding B.V. (“Yellow Chips”), which produces vegetable chips and organic potato chips primarily for the Dutch and other European markets. The transaction was undertaken primarily to secure manufacturing of vegetable chips for the European and U.K. markets. The investment is accounted for under the equity method and had a carrying value at July 31, 2015 of $1.9 million. The Company also had a loan receivable outstanding with Yellow Chips of $1.3 million at July 31, 2015. The Company’s share of income from Yellow Chips was $41 thousand for fiscal 2015 and is included in “Other income” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Provided that Yellow Chips reaches an agreed upon EBITDA on or around January 1, 2016, the Company will pay an additional €0.5 million of cash consideration as deferred consideration for the purchase of the 51% interest as part of the agreement. The agreement also includes call and put options on the remaining 49% outstanding equity that the Company or the other shareholders can exercise if a certain EBITDA target is met after 2018 or under other circumstances as well as rights for the Company to sell its shareholding and require the remaining shareholders to sell their shareholdings to the same buyer in the event that the Company wants to sell its shares if the EBITDA threshold is not met, and similar rights for the other shareholders to sell their shares and require the Company to also sell its shares to the same buyer if the Company has not first exercised its right to initiate a sale. If the party initiating such a sale does not require the other shareholder(s) to sell, the other shareholder(s) can in any case choose to require the same buyer to also buy their shares.
(4) Financial Instruments
In January 2015, the Company purchased 175 corn call option commodity derivatives with a total notional amount of approximately $0.3 million. These purchases were in accordance with Company policy to mitigate the market price risk associated with the anticipated raw material purchase requirements, specifically future corn purchases expected to be made by the Company. The Company accounts for commodity derivatives as non-hedging derivatives. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company sold 32 corn call option commodity derivatives resulting in an immaterial loss. As of July 31, 2015, the Company had 143 corn call option commodity derivatives outstanding.
The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments as of July 31, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:
Liability Derivatives
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts