6-K 1 d540032d6k.htm FORM 6-K Form 6-K

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 6-K

 

 

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16

UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the month of February 2018

 

 

LG Display Co., Ltd.

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

 

 

LG Twin Towers, 128 Yeoui-dearo, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07336, Republic of Korea

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

Form 20-F  ☒            Form 40-F  ☐

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):  ☐

Note: Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1) only permits the submission in paper of a Form 6-K if submitted solely to provide an attached annual report to security holders.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):  ☐

Note: Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7) only permits the submission in paper of a Form 6-K if submission to furnish a report or other document that the registration foreign private issuer must furnish and make public under the laws of the jurisdiction in which the registrant is incorporated, domiciled or legally organized (the registrant’s “home country”), or under the rules of the home country exchange on which the registrant’s securities are traded, as long as the report or other document is not a press release, is not required to be and has not been distributed to the registrant’s security holders, and if discussing a material event, has already been the subject of a Form 6-K submission or other Commission filing on EDGAR.

Indicate by check mark whether by furnishing the information contained in this Form, the registrant is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes  ☐            No  ☒

 

 

 


I. Activities and Remuneration of Outside Directors, etc.

 

  1. Attendance and Voting Record of Outside Directors, etc.

 

      Date    Agenda    Remark    Name of Outside Directors
            Jin Jang(1)
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Joon Park
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
   Sung-Sik
Hwang
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Kun Tai Han
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
               
   2017.01.23      Report on 2016 Q4 financial and operating results    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Report on resolutions passed by the management committee    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Report on operation of internal accounting controls    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Approval of FY2016 financial statements    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of FY2016 annual business report    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of FY2017 limits on issuance of bonds    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of change in composition of Outside Director Nomination Committee    Approved      For    For    For    For
               
   2017.02.10      Report on operation and evaluation of internal accounting control system    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Report on operation of the compliance system    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Approval of convening of the FY2016 Annual General Meeting of shareholders    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of FY2016 AGM agenda items    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of Consolidated & Separate Financial Statements of FY2016    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Appointment of Directors    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Appointment of Audit Committee Member    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of Remuneration Limit for Directors in 2017    Approved      For    For    For    For


      Date    Agenda    Remark    Name of Outside Directors
            Jin Jang(1)
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Joon Park
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
   Sung-Sik
Hwang
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Kun Tai Han
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
               
   2017.03.08      Approval of convening of the FY2016 Annual General Meeting of shareholders    Approved      Absent      For    For    For
      Approval of FY2016 AGM agenda items    Approved      Absent      For    For    For
               
   2017.03.23      Approval of Chairman of Board of Directors election    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of LG Twin Tower lease agreement    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of transactions with significant shareholders    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of remuneration for executive officers    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of HR personnel policy revision for executive officers    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of company advisor compensation to the retired executive officers who are outplaced in 2017    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of the remuneration for board directors    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of the short-term performance-based bonus targets for executive officers in 2017    Approved      For    For    For    For


      Date    Agenda    Remark    Name of Outside Directors
            Jin Jang(1)
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Joon Park
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
   Sung-Sik
Hwang
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Kun Tai Han
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
               

  

2017.04.25  

   Report on 2017 Q1 financial and operating results    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Approval of transactions with significant shareholders    Approved      For    For    For    For
               
   2017.07.25      Report on resolutions passed by the management committee    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Report on 2017 Q2 financial and operating results    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Report on mid-long term strategy    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Approval of establishment of offshore subsidiaries & facility investment    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of internal transaction    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of change in base of remuneration for directors    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of compensation for retired executive officers in 2017 serving as company advisors    Approved      For    For    For    For
      Approval of excutive officer apointments and compliance officer nomination    Approved      For    For    For    For
               
   2017.09.18      Approval of investment in P9 Expansion    Approved      For    For    For    For


      Date    Agenda    Remark    Name of Outside Directors
            Jin Jang(1)
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Joon Park
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
   Sung-Sik
Hwang
(Attendance
rate: 89%)
   Kun Tai Han
(Attendance
rate: 100%)
               
   2017.10.24      Report on 2017 Q3 financial and operating results    Reported      —      —      —      —  
      Approval of HR personnel policy revision for board of directors and management committee    Approved      For    For    For    For
               
   2017.11.30      ‘Report on issuance of bonds in 2nd half of 2017    Reported                      
      Approval of executive officer appointments    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of FY2018 limits on issuance of bonds    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of capital contribution and guanrantee to offshore subsidiaries    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Review of FY2017 achievement and approval of business plan    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of transactions with the largest shareholder and special persons concerned    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of transaction limit with major shareholders and other related parties    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of facility sales contract to offshore subsidiaries    Approved      For    For    Absent    For
      Approval of license agreement for LG brand    Approved      For    For    Absent    For

 

1) 2017.03.23 Jin Jang has been reappointed as a member of outside directors at FY2016 AGM


  2. Activities of Outside Directors, etc. in Committees of the Board of Directors

 

     Date    Agenda    Remarks
1     2017.01.23      The independent auditor’s report on audit progress    Reported
     Report of 2016 Q4 financial statements    Reported
     Report on review of 2016 Q4 financial statements    Reported
     Report on internal audit    Reported
     Report on FY2016 financial statements    Reported
     Report on the actual status regarding operation of the internal accounting management system    Reported
     Report on FY2016 annual business report    Reported
     Report on Audit Committee self-evaluation    Reported
2   2017.02.10    Evaluation on the actual status of the internal accounting management  system    Approved
     Evaluation on the current status regarding operation of the internal monitoring system    Approved
     Drafting and submission of FY2016 audit report    Approved
     Approval of appointment of external auditor    Approved
     Report on review of FY2016 financial statements    Reported
     Report on operation of the compliance system    Reported
     Report on review of AGM agenda and documents    Reported
3   2017.03.23    Approval of appointment of Chairman of Audit Committee    Approved
4   2017.04.25    Approval of audit and relevant audit-services by the independent auditor    Approved
     The independent auditors report on audit progress    Reported
     Report on internal audit    Reported
     Report on review of 2017 Q1 financial statements    Reported
     Report on 2017 Q1 financial statements    Reported
5   2017.07.25    Approval of non-audit tax related services    Approved
     Approval of non-audit security related services    Approved
     The independent auditors report on audit progress    Reported
     Report on internal audit    Reported
     Report on review of 2017 Q2 financial statements    Reported
     Report on 2017 Q2 financial statements    Reported
6   2017.10.24    The independent auditors report on audit progress    Reported
     Report on 2017 Q3 financial statements    Reported
     Report on review of 2017 Q3 financial statements    Reported
     Report on internal audit    Reported


  3. Remuneration of Outside Directors & Non-Standing Directors

 

                           (KRW Million)
    

Number of

Persons

  

Remuneration Limit*

  

Results

   Average Payment per Person     

Remarks

Outside Director    4    8,500    3,760      537      —  

 

* Remuneration limit for the total 7 directors, including 2 standing directors & 1 non-standing director.

II. Accumulated Transaction Amount of LG Display Co., Ltd with each of its Major Shareholders or their Affiliates, which was equivalent to [5]% or more of 2016 Total Assets or Revenue.

 

(KRW Million)  

Transaction Type

  

Counterpart (Relationship)

  

Transaction Period

   Transaction Amount      Assets
Ratio*(%)
     Revenue
Ratio*(%)
 
Sales/Purchase    LG Display America Inc. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      11,091,798        45        42  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Japan Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      2,471,914        10        9  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Germany GmbH (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,816,546        7        7  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Taiwan Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,493,978        6        6  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Shanghai Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,285,972        5        5  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Guangzhou Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      2,572,011        10        10  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Shenzhen Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,847,773        7        7  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display Yantai Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      2,234,739        9        8  
Sales/Purchase    LG Display (China) Co., Ltd. (Subsidiary)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,630,506        7        6  
Sales/Purchase    LG Electronics Inc.(Largest Shareholder)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      2,529,466        10        10  
Purchase, etc.    Serve one Co., Ltd. (Affiliate)    Jan. 1, 2017 ~ Dec. 31, 2017      1,379,404        6        5  

 

* Ratio in comparison with total assets or revenue, as applicable, in FY 2016

II-I. Individual Transactions of LG Display Co., Ltd with each of its Major Shareholders or their Affiliates, which was equivalent to 1% or more of 2016 Total Assets.

(KRW 100Million)

 

Transaction Type

 

Counterpart (Relationship)

 

Transaction Period

  Transaction Amount     Ratio*(%)  

Capital Contribution

 

LG Display Vietnam Haiphong Co. LTD

(Subsidiary)

  Jan. 1, 2018 ~ Dec. 31, 2020     5,412.0       2.2  

Guarantee for payment obligation

 

LG Display Vietnam Haiphong Co. LTD

(Subsidiary)

  Jan. 1, 2018 ~ Dec. 31, 2026     6,494.4       2.6  

 

* Ratio in comparison with total assets in FY 2016


III. Reference Relating to AGM

1. Matters Relating to the Annual General Meeting

 

  A. Date and Time: 9:30 A.M., March 15, 2018 (Thursday)

 

  B. Venue : Guest House, LG Display Paju Display Cluster. 245, LG-ro, Wollong-myeon, Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea

2. Agenda for Meeting

 

  A. For Reporting

 

  (1) Audit Committee’s Audit Report

 

  (2) Fiscal Year 2017 Business Report

 

  (3) Transactions with Major Shareholders, etc.

 

  B. For Approval

 

  (1) Consolidated and Separate the Financial Statements as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (Cash Dividend per share KRW 500)

 

  (2) Appointment of Directors

2-1: Appointment of outside director (Sung Sik Hwang)

2-2: Appointment of outside director (Byungho Lee)

2-3: Appointment of standing director (Sang Beom Han)

 

  (3) Appointment of Audit Committee Member (Sung Sik Hwang)

 

  (4) Remuneration Limit for Directors in 2018 (KRW 8.5 billion)

3. Details of Agenda for Approval

 

  A. Agenda 1: Consolidated and Separate the Financial Statements as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

(1) Business Performance in FY 2017

a. Business overview

We were incorporated in February 1985 under the laws of the Republic of Korea. LG Electronics and LG Semicon transferred their respective LCD business to us in 1998, and since then, our business has been focused on the research, development, manufacture and sale of display panels, applying technologies such as TFT-LCD and OLED.

As of December 31, 2017, in Korea we operated TFT-LCD and OLED production facilities and a research center in Paju and TFT-LCD production facilities in Gumi. We have also established subsidiaries in the Americas, Europe and Asia.


As of December 31, 2017, our business consisted of the manufacture and sale of display and display related products utilizing TFT-LCD, OLED and other technologies under a single reporting business segment.

2017 Financial highlights by business (based on K-IFRS)

(Unit: In 100millions of Won)                

 

2017

   Display Business  

Sales

     277,902  

Gross Profit

     53,656  

Operating Profit (Loss)

     24,616  

b. Major products

We manufacture TFT-LCD panels, of which a significant majority is exported overseas.

(Unit: In billions of Won, except percentages)

 

Business

area

  

Sales

Type

  

Items
(Market)

  

Usage

  

Major

trademark

   Sales in 2017 (%)  

Display

   Product/
Service/
Other Sales
   Display Panel
(Overseas (1))
  

Panels for notebook computers, monitors, televisions,

smartphones, tablets, etc.

   LG Display      25,794 (93%)  
      Display Panel
(Korea (1))
  

Panels for notebook computers, monitors, televisions,

smartphones, tablets, etc.

   LG Display      1,996 (7%)  

Total

                 27,790 (100%)  

 

(1) Based on ship-to-party.


  (3) Consolidated Financial Statements

As of December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won)    Note      December 31,
2017
    December 31,
2016
 

Assets

       

Cash and cash equivalents

     4, 26      W 2,602,560     1,558,696

Deposits in banks

     4, 26        758,078     1,163,750

Trade accounts and notes receivable, net

     5, 14, 26 28        4,325,120     4,957,993

Other accounts receivable, net

     5, 26        164,827     143,592

Other current financial assets

     6, 26        27,252     28,016

Inventories

     7        2,350,084     2,287,785

Prepaid income taxes

        3,854     592

Other current assets

     5        241,928     343,762
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

        10,473,703     10,484,186

Deposits in banks

     4, 26        11     13

Investments in equity accounted investees

     8        122,507     172,683

Other non-current financial assets

     6, 26        68,574     74,633

Property, plant and equipment, net

     9        16,201,960     12,031,449

Intangible assets, net

     10        912,821     894,937

Deferred tax assets

     24        985,352     867,011

Other non-current assets

     5        394,759     359,424
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-current assets

        18,685,984     14,400,150
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

      W 29,159,687     24,884,336
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities

       

Trade accounts and notes payable

     26, 28      W 2,875,090     2,877,326

Current financial liabilities

     11, 26        1,452,926     667,909

Other accounts payable

     26        3,169,937     2,449,517

Accrued expenses

        812,615     639,629

Income tax payable

        321,978     257,082

Provisions

     13        76,016     55,972

Advances received

     14        194,129     61,818

Other current liabilities

     13        75,991     48,966
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

        8,978,682     7,058,219

Non-current financial liabilities

     11, 26        4,150,192     4,111,333

Non-current provisions

     13        28,312     8,155

Defined benefit liabilities, net

     12        95,447     142,987

Long-term advances received

     14        830,335     —    

Deferred tax liabilities

     24        24,646     32,108

Other non-current liabilities

     13        70,563     69,146
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total non-current liabilities

        5,199,495     4,363,729
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

        14,178,177     11,421,948
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Equity

       

Share capital

     15        1,789,079     1,789,079

Share premium

        2,251,113     2,251,113

Retained earnings

        10,621,571     9,004,283

Reserves

     15        (288,280     (88,478
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity attributable to owners of the Controlling Company

        14,373,483     12,955,997
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-controlling interests

        608,027     506,391
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

        14,981,510     13,462,388
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

      W 29,159,687     24,884,336
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.


b. Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

(In millions of won, except earnings per share)    Note      2017     2016  

Revenue

     16, 17, 28      W 27,790,216     26,504,074

Cost of sales

     7, 28        (22,424,661     (22,754,270
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

        5,365,555     3,749,804

Selling expenses

     19        (994,483     (693,937

Administrative expenses

     19        (696,022     (610,479

Research and development expenses

        (1,213,432     (1,133,972
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating profit

        2,461,618     1,311,416
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Finance income

     22        279,019     139,671

Finance costs

     22        (268,856     (266,186

Other non-operating income

     21        1,081,746     1,590,824

Other non-operating expenses

     21        (1,230,455     (1,467,831

Equity in income of equity accounted investees, net

     8        9,560     8,339
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit before income tax

        2,332,632     1,316,233

Income tax expense

     23        (395,580     (384,725
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit for the year

        1,937,052     931,508
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

       

Items that will never be reclassified to profit or loss

       

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities

     12, 23        (16,260     155,346

Other comprehensive income from associates and joint ventrues

        441     200

Related income tax

     12, 23        9,259     (37,594
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        (6,560     117,952

Items that are or may be reclassified to profit or loss

       

Net change in fair value of available-for-sale financial assets

     22, 23        —         (77

Foreign currency translation differences for foreign operations

     22, 23        (231,738     (90,503

Other comprehensive income (loss) from associates and joint ventures

     23        905     (5,416

Related income tax

     23        —         19
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        (230,833     (95,977
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) for the year, net of income tax

        (237,393     21,975
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

      W 1,699,659     953,483
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit attributable to:

       

Owners of the Controlling Company

        1,802,756     906,713

Non-controlling interests

        134,296     24,795
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit for the year

      W 1,937,052     931,508
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income attributable to:

       

Owners of the Controlling Company

        1,596,394     941,953

Non-controlling interests

        103,265     11,530
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

      W 1,699,659     953,483
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share (In won)

       

Basic earnings per share

     25      W 5,038     2,534
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

     25      W 5,038     2,534
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements


c. Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Appendix-1)

d. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016    

 

(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from operating activities:

       

Profit for the year

      W 1,937,052     931,508

Adjustments for:

       

Income tax expense

     23        395,580     384,725

Depreciation

     9,18        2,791,883     2,643,445

Amortization of intangible assets

     10,18        422,693     378,126

Gain on foreign currency translation

        (187,558     (250,508

Loss on foreign currency translation

        174,919     161,897

Expenses related to defined benefit plans

     12,20        198,241     220,962

Gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment

        (101,227     (14,637

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

        20,030     7,466

Impairment loss on property, plant and equipment

        —         1,610

Gain on disposal of intangible assets

        (308     —    

Loss on disposal of intangible assets

        30     75

Impairment loss on intangible assets

        1,809     138

Reversal of impairment loss on intangible assets

        (35     —    

Finance income

        (202,591     (58,748

Finance costs

        142,591     187,931

Equity in income of equity method accounted investees, net

     8        (9,560     (8,339

Other income

        (16,812     (15,546

Other expenses

        253,001     182,468
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        3,882,686     3,821,065

Changes in

       

Trade accounts and notes receivable

        484,592     (553,775

Other accounts receivable

        (3,004     62,981

Inventories

        (55,979     105,688

Other current assets

        180,844     126,616

Other non-current assets

        (119,002     (126,256

Trade accounts and notes payable

        113,590     (114,977

Other accounts payable

        106,930     66,930

Accrued expenses

        181,509     (16,431

Provisions

        (210,973     (160,462

Other current liabilities

        (585     17,272

Defined benefit liabilities, net

        (261,966     (276,459

Long-term advances received

        1,020,470     —    

Other non-current liabilities

        5,974     21,641
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        1,442,400     (847,232

Cash generated from operating activities

        7,262,138     3,905,341

Income taxes paid

        (416,794     (187,816

Interests received

        55,340     48,911

Interests paid

        (136,483     (125,530
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

      W 6,764,201     3,640,906
     

 

 

   

 

 

 


(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from investing activities:

       

Dividends received

      W 8,639     59,820

Proceeds from withdrawal of deposits in banks

        2,206,148     3,293,398

Increase in deposits in banks

        (1,803,718     (2,684,810

Acquisition of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

        —         (1,500

Acquisition of available-for-sale financial assets

        (273     (859

Proceeds from disposal of available-for-sale financial assets

        917     507

Acquisition of investments in equity accounted investees

        (20,309     —    

Proceeds from disposal of investments in equity accounted investees

        13,128     29,745

Acquisition of property, plant and equipment

        (6,592,435     (3,735,948

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

        160,252     278,067

Acquisition of intangible assets

        (454,448     (405,167

Proceeds from disposal of intangible assets

        1,674     261

Government grants received

        1,859     6,393

Receipt from settlement of derivatives

        2,592     4,008

Increase in short-term loans

        —         (2,132

Proceeds from collection of short-term loans

        1,118     8,202

Increase in long-term loans

        (13,930     (32,498

Decrease in deposits

        4,272     2,436

Increase in deposits

        (2,648     (9,105

Proceeds from disposal of emission rights

        6,090     —    
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

        (6,481,072     (3,189,182
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

       

Proceeds from short-term borrowings

        —         107,345

Repayments of short-term borrowings

        (105,864     —    

Proceeds from issuance of debentures

        497,959     597,573

Proceeds from long-term debt

        1,195,415     1,667,060

Repayments of long-term debt

        —         (347,693

Repayments of current portion of long-term debt and debentures

        (544,731     (1,520,287

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

        4,300     —    

Subsidiaries’ dividends distributed to non-controlling interests

        (5,929     (17,143

Dividends paid

        (178,908     (178,908
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

        862,242     307,947
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

        1,145,371     759,671

Cash and cash equivalents at January 1

        1,558,696     751,662

Effect of exchange rate fluctuations on cash held

        (101,507     47,363
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at December 31

      W 2,602,560     1,558,696
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements


e. Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Reporting Entity

 

  (a) Description of the Controlling Company

LG Display Co., Ltd. (the “Controlling Company”) was incorporated in February 1985 and the Controlling Company is a public corporation listed in the Korea Exchange since 2004. The main business of the Controlling Company and its subsidiaries (the “Group”) is to manufacture and sell displays and its related products. As of December 31, 2017, the Group is operating Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display (“TFT-LCD”) and Organic Light Emitting Diode (“OLED”) panel manufacturing plants in Gumi, Paju and China and TFT-LCD and OLED module manufacturing plants in Gumi, Paju, China, Poland and Vietnam. The Controlling Company is domiciled in the Republic of Korea with its address at 128 Yeouidae-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, the Republic of Korea. As of December 31, 2017, LG Electronics Inc., a major shareholder of the Controlling Company, owns 37.9% (135,625,000 shares) of the Controlling Company’s common stock.

The Controlling Company’s common stock is listed on the Korea Exchange under the identifying code 034220. As of December 31, 2017, there are 357,815,700 shares of common stock outstanding. The Controlling Company’s common stock is also listed on the New York Stock Exchange in the form of American Depository Shares (“ADSs”) under the symbol “LPL”. One ADS represents one-half of one share of common stock. As of December 31, 2017, there are 24,581,448 ADSs outstanding.


1. Reporting Entity, Continued

 

  (b) Consolidated Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017

 

(In millions)                              

Subsidiaries

  

Location

  

Percentage of
ownership

  

Fiscal

year end

  

Date of

incorporation

  

Business

  

Capital stocks

LG Display America, Inc.

   San Jose, U.S.A.    100%    December 31    September 24, 1999    Sell Display products    USD 411

LG Display Japan Co., Ltd.

   Tokyo, Japan    100%    December 31    October 12, 1999    Sell Display products    JPY 95

LG Display Germany GmbH

   Eschborn, Germany    100%    December 31    November 5, 1999    Sell Display products    EUR 1

LG Display Taiwan Co., Ltd.

   Taipei, Taiwan    100%    December 31    April 12, 1999    Sell Display products    NTD 116

LG Display Nanjing Co., Ltd.

   Nanjing, China    100%    December 31    July 15, 2002    Manufacture Display products    CNY 3,020

LG Display Shanghai Co., Ltd.

   Shanghai, China    100%    December 31    January 16, 2003    Sell Display products    CNY 4

LG Display Poland Sp. z o.o.

   Wroclaw, Poland    100%    December 31    September 6, 2005    Manufacture Display products    PLN 511

LG Display Guangzhou Co., Ltd.

   Guangzhou, China    100%    December 31    June 30, 2006    Manufacture Display products    CNY 1,655

LG Display Shenzhen Co., Ltd.

   Shenzhen, China    100%    December 31    August 28, 2007    Sell Display products    CNY 4

LG Display Singapore Pte. Ltd.

   Singapore    100%    December 31    January 12, 2009    Sell Display products    USD 1.1

L&T Display Technology (Fujian) Limited

   Fujian, China    51%    December 31    January 5, 2010    Manufacture and sell LCD module and LCD monitor sets    CNY 116

LG Display Yantai Co., Ltd.

   Yantai, China    100%    December 31    April 19, 2010    Manufacture Display products    CNY 1,008

Nanumnuri Co., Ltd.

   Gumi, South Korea    100%    December 31    March 21, 2012    Janitorial services    KRW 800

LG Display (China) Co., Ltd.(*1)

   Guangzhou, China    70%    December 31    December 10, 2012    Manufacture and sell Display products    CNY 8,232

Unified Innovative Technology, LLC

   Wilmington, U.S.A.    100%    December 31    March 12, 2014    Manage intellectual property    USD 9

LG Display Guangzhou Trading Co., Ltd.

   Guangzhou, China    100%    December 31    April 28, 2015    Sell Display products    CNY 1.2

Global OLED Technology, LLC

   Herndon, U.S.A.    100%    December 31    December 18, 2009    Manage OLED intellectual property    USD 138

LG Display Vietnam Haiphong Co., Ltd.

   Haiphong, Vietnam    100%    December 31    May 5, 2016    Manufacture Display products    USD 100

Suzhou Lehui Display Co., Ltd.

   Suzhou, China    100%    December 31    July 1, 2016    Manufacture and sell LCD module and LCD monitor sets    CNY 637

Money Market Trust(*2)

   Seoul, South Korea    100%    December 31    —      Money market trust    KRW 61,471


1. Reporting Entity, Continued

 

  (b) Consolidated Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017, Continued

 

 

(*1) In June 2017, LG Display Guangzhou Co., Ltd. (“LGDGZ”) contributed W8,557 million in cash for the capital increase of LG Display (China) Co., Ltd. (“LGDCA”).
(*2) For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Controlling Company acquired W61,471 million in Money Market Trust.

W603,493 million and W349,977 million, respectively, are attributable to the Controlling Company over the distributed dividends from consolidated subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

(c) Summary of financial information of subsidiaries at the reporting date is as follows:

 

(In millions of won)    December 31, 2017      2017  

Subsidiaries

   Total
assets
     Total
liabilities
     Total
shareholders’
equity
     Sales      Net income
(loss)
 

LG Display America, Inc.

   W 1,805,429        1,801,175        4,254        11,000,647        268  

LG Display Japan Co., Ltd.

     245,128        244,041        1,087        2,484,558        263  

LG Display Germany GmbH

     519,989        517,559        2,430        1,846,424        1,441  

LG Display Taiwan Co., Ltd.

     450,202        439,753        10,449        1,699,164        2,303  

LG Display Nanjing Co., Ltd.

     690,353        101,291        589,062        527,566        45,649  

LG Display Shanghai Co., Ltd.

     723,893        719,200        4,693        1,334,361        3,288  

LG Display Poland Sp. z o.o.

     173,243        8,419        164,825        35,722        1,228  

LG Display Guangzhou Co., Ltd.

     1,864,870        1,321,134        543,735        2,544,600        143,402  

LG Display Shenzhen Co., Ltd.

     230,670        227,288        3,383        1,870,152        2,384  

LG Display Singapore Pte. Ltd.

     365,426        364,604        822        968,583        1,082  

L&T Display Technology (Fujian) Limited

     322,684        259,558        63,126        1,348,391        (6,912

LG Display Yantai Co., Ltd.

     1,239,341        944,190        295,152        2,212,055        102,017  

Nanumnuri Co., Ltd.

     5,659        4,540        1,119        21,530        109  

LG Display (China) Co., Ltd.

     3,395,779        1,473,781        1,921,998        2,922,116        458,940  

Unified Innovative Technology, LLC

     5,664        14        5,650        —          (1,025

LG Display Guangzhou Trading Co., Ltd.

     98,079        97,038        1,041        626,322        852  

Global OLED Technology, LLC

     79,429        13,616        65,813        8,160        (4,779

LG Display Vietnam Haiphong Co., Ltd.

     1,066,218        976,339        89,879        148,725        (14,543

Suzhou Lehui Display Co., Ltd

     202,661        90,123        112,538        408,797        3,721  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 13,484,717        9,603,663        3,881,056        32,007,873        739,688  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 


1. Reporting Entity, Continued

 

 

(In millions of won)    December 31, 2016      2016  

Subsidiaries

   Total
assets
     Total
liabilities
     Total
shareholders’
equity
     Sales      Net income
(loss)
 

LG Display America, Inc.

   W 1,956,963        1,939,225        17,738        10,616,003        8,888  

LG Display Japan Co., Ltd.

     275,902        271,356        4,546        1,841,304        2,148  

LG Display Germany GmbH

     635,597        630,225        5,372        1,956,743        2,060  

LG Display Taiwan Co., Ltd.

     603,406        591,555        11,851        1,683,349        3,350  

LG Display Nanjing Co., Ltd.

     729,928        90,116        639,812        447,544        43,068  

LG Display Shanghai Co., Ltd.

     778,951        764,890        14,061        1,543,986        5,881  

LG Display Poland Sp. z o.o.

     162,117        8,579        153,538        47,821        3,070  

LG Display Guangzhou Co., Ltd.

     2,094,388        1,282,653        811,735        2,517,322        211,874  

LG Display Shenzhen Co., Ltd.

     257,262        250,895        6,367        1,886,790        2,509  

LG Display Singapore Pte. Ltd.

     434,194        432,260        1,934        981,219        1,807  

L&T Display Technology (Fujian) Limited

     374,698        300,695        74,003        1,327,560        18,289  

LG Display Yantai Co., Ltd.

     1,622,688        1,278,088        344,600        2,402,669        75,010  

Nanumnuri Co., Ltd.

     4,612        3,602        1,010        16,047        (355

LG Display (China) Co., Ltd.

     3,121,451        1,554,529        1,566,922        1,912,569        52,778  

Unified Innovative Technology, LLC

     7,497        18        7,479        —          (1,184

LG Display Guangzhou Trading Co., Ltd.

     158,183        157,588        595        424,919        206  

Global OLED Technology, LLC

     91,062        11,678        79,384        8,480        (6,446

LG Display Vietnam Haiphong Co., Ltd.

     163,535        46,156        117,379        —          (1,018

Suzhou Lehui Display Co., Ltd.(*)

     227,464        115,486        111,978        203,738        (8,236
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   W 13,699,898        9,729,594        3,970,304        29,818,063        413,699  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(*) Revenue and profit of Suzhou Lehui Display Co., Ltd. for the year ended December 31, 2017 represents financial information subsequent to its acquisition date, July 1, 2016.


2. Basis of Presenting Financial Statements

 

  (a) Statement of Compliance

In accordance with the Act on External Audits of Stock Companies, these consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Korean International Financial Reporting Standards (“K-IFRS”).

The consolidated financial statements were authorized for issuance by the Board of Directors on January 22, 2018, which will be submitted for approval to the shareholders’ meeting to be held on March 15, 2018.


2. Basis of Presenting Financial Statements, Continued

 

  (b) Basis of Measurement

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for the following material items in the consolidated statements of financial position:

 

    derivative instruments, financial assets at fair value through profit or loss and available-for-sale financial assets are measured at fair value, and

 

    net defined benefit liabilities are recognized as the present value of defined benefit obligations less the fair value of plan assets

 

  (c) Functional and Presentation Currency

The consolidated financial statements are presented in Korean won, which is the Controlling Company’s functional currency.

 

  (d) Use of Estimates and Judgments

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with K-IFRSs requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

Information about critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements is included in the following notes:

 

    Classification of financial instruments (note 3.(d))

Information about assumptions and estimation uncertainties that have a significant risk of resulting in a material adjustment within the next 12 months is included in the following notes:

 

    Recognition and measurement of provisions (note 3.(j), 13 and 14(a))

 

    Net realizable value of inventories (note 7)

 

    Measurement of defined benefit obligations (note 12)

 

    Deferred tax assets and liabilities (note 24)


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies followed by the Group in preparation of its consolidated financial statements are as follows:

 

  (a) Consolidation

(i) Business Combinations

The Group accounts for business combinations using the acquisition method when control is transferred to the Group. The consideration transferred in the acquisition is generally measured at fair value, as are the identifiable net assets acquired. Any goodwill that arises is tested annually for impairment. Any gain on a bargain purchase is recognized in profit or loss immediately. Transaction costs are expensed as incurred, except if related to the issue of debt or equity securities in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1032 and K-IFRS No. 1039. The consideration transferred does not include amounts related to the settlement of pre-existing relationships. Such amounts are generally recognized in profit or loss.

(ii) Subsidiaries

Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the Group. The Group controls an entity when it is exposed, or has right to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. The financial statements of subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date on which control commences until the date on which control ceases.

(iii) Non-controlling interests

Non-controlling interests (“NCI”) are measured at their proportionate share of the acquiree’s identifiable net assets at the acquisition date.

Changes in the Group’s interest in subsidiaries that do not result in a loss of control are accounted for as equity transactions.

(iv) Loss of Control

If the Controlling Company loses control of subsidiaries, the Controlling Company derecognizes the assets and liabilities of the former subsidiaries from the consolidated statement of financial position and recognizes the gain or loss associated with the loss of control attributable to the former controlling interest. Meanwhile, the Controlling Company recognizes any investment retained in the former subsidiaries at its fair value when control is lost.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (a) Consolidation, Continued

 

(v) Associates and joint ventures (equity method investees)

Associates are those entities in which the Group has significant influence, but not control or joint control, over the financial and operating policies. A joint venture is an arrangement in which the Group has joint control, whereby the Group has rights to the net assets of the arrangement, rather than rights to its assets and obligations for its liabilities.

Investments in associates and joint ventures are initially recognized at cost and subsequently accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The carrying amount of investments in associates and joint ventures is increased or decreased to recognize the Group’s share of the profits or losses and changes in the Group’s proportionate interest of the investee after the date of acquisition. Distributions received from an investee reduce the carrying amount of the investment.

If an associate or joint ventures uses accounting policies different from those of the Controlling Company for like transactions and events in similar circumstances, appropriate adjustments are made to the consolidated financial statements. As of and during the periods presented in the consolidated financial statements, no adjustments were made in applying the equity method.

When the Group’s share of losses exceeds its interest in an equity accounted investee, the carrying amount of that interest, including any long-term investments, is reduced to nil, and the recognition of further losses is discontinued except to the extent that the Group has an obligation or has made payments on behalf of the investee.

(vi) Transactions eliminated on consolidation

Intra-group balances and transactions, including income and expenses and any unrealized income and expenses and balance of trade accounts and notes receivable and payable arising from intra-group transactions, are eliminated. Unrealized gains arising from transactions with equity-accounted investees are eliminated against the investment to the extent of the Group’s interest in the investee. Unrealized losses are eliminated in the same way as unrealized gains, but only to the extent that there is no evidence of impairment.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (b) Foreign Currency Transactions and Translation

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the respective functional currencies of the Group at exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate on the reporting date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies that are measured at fair value are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate at the date that the fair value was originally determined. Foreign currency differences arising on retranslation are recognized in profit or loss, except for differences arising on available-for-sale equity instruments and a financial asset and liability designated as a cash flow hedge, which are recognized in other comprehensive income. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the original transaction. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on translating monetary items at rates different from those at which they were translated on initial recognition are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they arise. Foreign currency differences arising from assets and liabilities in relation to the investing and financing activities including loans, bonds and cash and cash equivalents are recognized in finance income (costs) in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income and foreign currency differences arising from assets and liabilities in relation to activities other than investing and financing activities are recognized in other non-operating income (expense) in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income. Relevant foreign currency differences are presented in gross amounts in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

If the presentation currency of the Group is different from a foreign operation’s functional currency, the financial position and financial performance of the foreign operation are translated into the presentation currency using the following methods. The assets and liabilities of foreign operations, whose functional currency is not the currency of a hyperinflationary economy, including goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on acquisition, are translated to the Group’s functional currency at exchange rates at the reporting date. The income and expenses of foreign operations are translated to the Group’s functional currency at exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign currency differences are recognized in other comprehensive income. However, if the operation is a non-wholly-owned subsidiary, then the relevant proportionate share of the translation difference is allocated to the non-controlling interests. When a foreign operation is disposed of in its entirety or partially such that control, significant influence or joint control is lost, the cumulative amount in the translation reserve related to that foreign operation is reclassified to profit or loss as part of the gain or loss on disposal. If the Group disposes part of its interest in a subsidiary but retains control, then the relevant proportion of the cumulative amount is reattributed to NCI. When the Group disposes of only part of an associate or joint venture while retaining significant influence or joint control, the relevant proportion of the cumulative amount is reclassified to profit or loss.

Any goodwill arising on the acquisition of a foreign operation and any fair value adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities arising on the acquisition of that foreign operation is treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign operation. Thus, they are expressed in the functional currency of the foreign operation and translated at the at each reporting date’s exchange rate.

 

  (c) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances and short-term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (d) Inventories

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost of inventories is based on the weighted-average method, and includes expenditures incurred in acquiring the inventories, production or conversion costs and other costs incurred in bringing them to their existing location and condition. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated selling expenses. In the case of manufactured inventories and work-in-process, cost includes an appropriate share of production overheads based on the actual capacity of production facilities. However, the normal capacity is used for the allocation of fixed production overheads if the actual level of production is lower than the normal capacity.

 

  (e) Financial Instruments

(i) Non-derivative financial assets

The Group initially recognizes loans and receivables and deposits on the date they are originated. All other non-derivative financial assets, including financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”), are recognized in the consolidated statement of financial position when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Group derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or it transfers the rights to receive the contractual cash flows of the financial asset in a transaction in which substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset are transferred. Any interest in transferred financial assets that is created or retained by the Group is recognized as a separate asset or liability. If a transfer does not result in derecognition because the Group has retained substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the transferred asset, the Group continues to recognize the transferred asset and recognizes a financial liability for the consideration received. In subsequent periods, the Group recognizes any income on the transferred assets and any expense incurred on the financial liability.

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount presented in the consolidated statement of financial position when, and only when, the Group has a legal right to offset the amounts and intends either to settle them on a net basis or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

The Group has the following non-derivative financial assets: financial assets at FVTPL, loans and receivables and available-for-sale financial assets.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

(i) Non-derivative financial assets, Continued

 

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

A financial asset is classified at FVTPL if it is classified as held for trading or is designated as such upon initial recognition. If a contract contains one or more embedded derivatives, the Group designates the entire hybrid (combined) contract as a financial asset at FVTPL unless: the embedded derivative(s) does not significantly modify the cash flows that otherwise would be required by the contract; or it is clear with little or no analysis when a similar hybrid (combined) instrument is first considered that separation of the embedded derivative(s) is prohibited. Upon initial recognition, attributable transaction costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred. Financial assets at FVTPL are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss.

Loans and receivables

Loans and receivables are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. When loans and receivables are recognized initially, the Group measures them at their fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of the financial asset. Subsequent to initial recognition, loans and receivables are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment losses. Loans and receivables comprise trade accounts and notes receivable and other accounts receivable.

Available-for-sale financial assets

Available-for-sale financial assets are non-derivative financial assets that are designated as available-for-sale or that are not classified as financial assets at FVTPL, held-to-maturity financial assets or loans and receivables. The Group’s investments in equity securities and certain debt securities are classified as available-for-sale financial assets. Subsequent to initial recognition, they are measured at fair value and changes therein, other than impairment losses and foreign currency differences on available-for-sale equity instruments, are recognized in other comprehensive income and presented within equity in the fair value reserve. When an investment in available-for-sale financial assets is derecognized, the cumulative gain or loss in other comprehensive income is transferred to profit or loss.

Investments in equity instruments that do not have a quoted market price in an active market and whose fair value cannot be reliably measured and whose derivatives are linked to and must be settled by delivery of such unquoted equity instruments are measured at cost.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

(ii) Non-derivative financial liabilities

The Group classifies financial liabilities into two categories, financial liabilities at FVTPL and other financial liabilities, in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement and the definitions of financial liabilities, and recognizes them in the consolidated statement of financial position when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial liabilities at FVTPL include financial liabilities held for trading or designated as such upon initial recognition at FVTPL. After initial recognition, financial liabilities at FVTPL are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss. Upon initial recognition, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of financial liabilities are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Non-derivative financial liabilities other than financial liabilities classified as FVTPL are classified as other financial liabilities and measured initially at fair value minus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of financial liabilities. Subsequent to initial recognition, these financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. As of December 31, 2017, non-derivative financial liabilities comprise borrowings, bonds and others.

The Group derecognizes a financial liability when its contractual obligations are discharged, cancelled or expired.

(iii) Share Capital

The Group only issued common stocks and they are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of common stocks are recognized as a deduction from equity, net of tax effects. Capital contributed in excess of par value upon issuance of common stocks is classified as share premium within equity.

(iv) Derivative financial instruments

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives are measured at fair value, and changes therein are accounted for as described below.

Hedge Accounting

If necessary, the Group designates derivatives as hedging items to hedge the risk of changes in the fair value of assets, liabilities or firm commitments (a fair value hedge) and foreign currency risk of highly probable forecasted transactions or firm commitments (a cash flow hedge).

On initial designation of the hedge, the Group’s management formally designates and documents the relationship between the hedging instrument(s) and hedged item(s), including the risk management objectives and strategy in undertaking the hedge transaction, together with the methods that will be used to assess the effectiveness of the hedging relationship, both at the inception of the hedge relationship as well as on an ongoing basis.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

(iv) Derivative financial instruments, Continued

 

i) Fair value hedges

Change in the fair value of a derivative hedging instrument designated as a fair value hedge and the hedged item is recognized in profit or loss, respectively. The gain or loss from remeasuring the hedging instrument at fair value and the gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in profit or loss in the same line item of the statement of comprehensive income. The Group discontinues fair value hedge accounting if it does not designate the derivative hedging instrument and the hedged item as the hedge relationship between them anymore or if the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or if the hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting. Any adjustment arising from gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk is amortized to profit or loss from the date the hedge accounting is discontinued.

ii) Cash flow hedges

When a derivative designated as a cash flow hedging instrument meets the criteria of cash flow hedge accounting, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in other comprehensive income and the ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in profit or loss. The Group discontinues cash flow hedge accounting if it does not designate the derivative hedging instrument and the hedged item as the hedge relationship between them any more or if the hedging instruments expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or if the hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument that has been recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified to profit or loss in the periods during which the forecasted transaction occurs. If the forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, then the balance in other comprehensive income is recognized immediately in profit or loss.

Embedded derivative

Embedded derivatives are separated from the host contract and accounted for separately if the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract and the embedded derivative are not closely related, a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative would meet the definition of a derivative, and the combined instrument is not measured at FVTPL. Changes in the fair value of separable embedded derivatives are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

Other derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments are measured at fair value and changes of them not designated as a hedging instrument or not effective for hedging are recognized in profit or loss.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (f) Property, Plant and Equipment

(i) Recognition and measurement

Items of property, plant and equipment are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Cost includes an expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials and direct labor, any costs directly attributable to bringing the assets to a working condition for their intended use, the costs of dismantling and removing the items and restoring the site on which they are located and borrowing costs on qualifying assets.

The gain or loss arising from the derecognition of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds, if any, and the carrying amount of the item and recognized in other non-operating income or other non-operating expenses.

(ii) Subsequent costs

Subsequent expenditure on an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized as part of its cost only if it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The costs of the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

(iii) Depreciation

Depreciation is recognized in profit or loss on a straight-line basis method, reflecting the pattern in which the asset’s future economic benefits are expected to be consumed by the Group. The residual value of property, plant and equipment is zero. Land is not depreciated.

Estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

 

     Useful lives (years)

Buildings and structures

   20, 40

Machinery

   4, 5

Furniture and fixtures

   4

Equipment, tools and vehicles

   4, 12

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each financial yearend and adjusted if appropriate and any changes are accounted for as changes in accounting estimates. There were no such changes for all periods presented.

 

  (g) Borrowing Costs

The Group capitalizes borrowing costs, which includes interests and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset as part of the cost of that asset. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. To the extent that the Group borrows funds specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the Group determines the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalization as the actual borrowing costs incurred on that borrowing during the period less any investment income on the temporary investment of those borrowings. The Group immediately recognizes other borrowing costs as an expense.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (h) Government Grants

In case there is reasonable assurance that the Group will comply with the conditions attached to a government grant, the government grant is recognized as follows:

(i) Grants related to the purchase or construction of assets

A government grant related to the purchase or construction of assets is deducted in calculating the carrying amount of the asset. The grant is recognized in profit or loss over the life of a depreciable asset as a reduced depreciation expense and cash related to grant received is presented in investing activities in the statement of cash flows.

(ii) Grants for compensating the Group’s expenses incurred

A government grant that compensates the Group for expenses incurred is recognized in profit or loss as a deduction from relevant expenses on a systematic basis in the periods in which the expenses are recognized.

(iii) Other government grants

A government grant that becomes receivable for the purpose of giving immediate financial support to the Group with no compensation for expenses or losses already incurred or no future related costs is recognized as income of the period in which it becomes receivable.

 

  (i) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are initially measured at cost. Subsequently, intangible assets are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses.

(i) Goodwill

Goodwill arising from business combinations is recognized as the excess of the acquisition cost of investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures over the Group’s share of the net fair value of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Any deficit is a bargain purchase that is recognized in profit or loss. Goodwill is measured at cost less accumulated impairment losses.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (i) Intangible Assets, Continued

 

(ii) Research and development

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design of the production of new or substantially improved products and processes. Development expenditure is capitalized only if the Group can demonstrate all of the following:

 

    the technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale,

 

    its intention to complete the intangible asset and use or sell it,

 

    its ability to use or sell the intangible asset,

 

    how the intangible asset will generate probable future economic benefits. Among other things, the Group can demonstrate the existence of a market for the output of the intangible asset or the intangible asset itself or, if it is to be used internally, the usefulness of the intangible asset,

 

    the availability of adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the intangible asset, and

 

    its ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development.

The expenditure capitalized includes the cost of materials, direct labor, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and borrowing costs on qualifying assets.

(iii) Other intangible assets

Other intangible assets include intellectual property rights, software, customer relationships, technology, memberships and others.

(iv) Subsequent costs

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits embodied in the specific intangible asset to which it relates. All other expenditure, including expenditure on internally generated goodwill and brands, is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (i) Intangible Assets, Continued

 

(v) Amortization

Amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of intangible assets, other than goodwill, from the date that they are available for use. The residual value of intangible assets is zero. However, as there are no foreseeable limits to the periods over which condominium and golf club memberships are expected to be available for use, these intangible assets are regarded as having indefinite useful lives and not amortized.

 

     Estimated useful lives (years)

Intellectual property rights

   5, 10

Rights to use electricity, water and gas supply facilities

   10

Software

   4

Customer relationships

   7, 10

Technology

   10

Development costs

   (*)

Condominium and golf club memberships

   Not amortized

 

(*) Capitalized development costs are amortized over the useful life considering the life cycle of the developed products. Amortization of capitalized development costs is recognized in research and development expenses in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

Amortization periods and the amortization methods for intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed at each financial year-end. The useful lives of intangible assets that are not being amortized are reviewed each period to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support indefinite useful life assessments for those assets. If appropriate, the changes are accounted for as changes in accounting estimates.

 

  (j) Impairment

(i) Financial assets

A financial asset not carried at FVTPL is assessed at each reporting date to determine whether there is objective evidence that it is impaired. A financial asset is impaired if objective evidence indicates that a loss event has occurred after the initial recognition of the asset, and that the loss event had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset that can be estimated reliably.

Objective evidence that financial assets are impaired can include default or delinquency in interest or principal payments by an issuer or a debtor, for economic reasons relating to the borrower’s financial difficulty, granting to the borrower a concession that the Group would not otherwise consider, or the disappearance of an active market for that financial asset. In addition, for an investment in an equity security, objective evidence of impairment includes significant financial difficulty of the issuer and a significant or prolonged decline in its fair value below its cost.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (j) Impairment, Continued

 

(i) Financial assets, Continued

 

Management considers evidence of impairment for loans and receivables at both a specific asset and collective level. All individually significant loans and receivables are assessed for specific impairment. All individually significant receivables found not to be specifically impaired are then collectively assessed for any impairment that has been incurred but not yet identified. Loans and receivables that are not individually significant are collectively assessed for impairment by grouping together receivables with similar risk characteristics.

In assessing collective impairment the Group uses historical trends of the probability of default, timing of recoveries and the amount of loss incurred, adjusted for management’s judgment as to whether current economic and credit conditions are such that the actual losses are likely to be greater or less than suggested by historical trends.

If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred on financial assets carried at amortized cost, the amount of the impairment loss is measured as the difference between its carrying amount and the present value of the estimated future cash flows discounted at the asset’s original effective interest rate. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss and reflected in an allowance account against loans and receivables.

The amount of the impairment loss on financial assets including equity securities carried at cost is measured as the difference between the carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted at the current market rate of return for a similar financial asset. Such impairment losses are not reversed.

When a decline in the fair value of an available-for-sale financial asset has been recognized in other comprehensive income the amount of the cumulative loss that is reclassified from equity to profit or loss is the difference between the acquisition cost and current fair value, less any impairment loss on that financial asset previously recognized in profit or loss.

In a subsequent period, for the financial assets recorded at fair value, if the fair value increases and the increase can be objectively related to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized, the previously recognized impairment loss is reversed. The amount of the reversal in financial assets carried at amortized cost and a debt instrument classified as available for sale is recognized in profit or loss. However, impairment loss recognized for an investment in an equity instrument classified as available-for-sale is reversed through other comprehensive income.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (j) Impairment, Continued

 

(ii) Non-financial assets

The carrying amounts of the Group’s non-financial assets, other than assets arising from employee benefits, inventories and deferred tax assets, are reviewed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, then the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated. For goodwill, and intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives or that are not yet available for use, irrespective of whether there is any indication of impairment, the recoverable amount is estimated each year at the same time.

For the purpose of impairment testing, assets that cannot be tested individually are grouped together into the smallest group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets (the “cash-generating unit”, or “CGU”). The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit is determined as the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Fair value less costs to sell is based on the best information available to reflect the amount that the Group could obtain from the disposal of the asset in an arm’s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, after deducting the costs of disposal.

An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of an asset or its CGU exceeds its estimated recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss. Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to CGUs that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Impairment losses recognized in respect of a CGU are allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit, and then to reduce the carrying amounts of the other assets in the unit on a pro rata basis.

In respect of other assets, impairment losses recognized in prior periods are assessed at each reporting date for any indications that the loss has decreased or no longer exists. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset’s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of accumulated depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized. An impairment loss in respect of goodwill is not reversed.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (k) Provisions

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

The risks and uncertainties that inevitably surround events and circumstances are taken into account in reaching the best estimate of a provision. Where the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined at the present value of the expected future cash flows. The unwinding of the discount is recognized as finance cost.

Provisions are reviewed at the end of each reporting period and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

The Group recognizes a liability for warranty obligations based on the estimated costs expected to be incurred under its basic limited warranty. This warranty covers defective products and is normally applicable for eighteen months from the date of purchase. These liabilities are accrued when product revenues are recognized. Factors that affect the Group’s warranty liability include historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims on those repairs and cost per claim to satisfy the Group’s warranty obligation. Warranty costs primarily include raw materials and labor costs. As these factors are impacted by actual experience and future expectations, management periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liabilities and adjusts the amounts as necessary. Accrued warranty obligations are included in the current and non-current provisions.

Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines, and penalties and other sources, are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment and/or remediation can be reasonably estimated.

 

  (l) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits that are due to be settled within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in profit or loss on an undiscounted basis. The expected cost of profit-sharing and bonus plans and others are recognized when the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation to make payments as a result of past events and a reliable estimate of the obligation can be made.

(ii) Other long-term employee benefits

The Group’s net obligation in respect of long-term employee benefits other than pension plans is the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (l) Employee Benefits, Continued

 

(iii) Defined contribution plan

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to defined contribution pension plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in profit or loss in the periods during which services are rendered by employees.

(iv) Defined benefit plan

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than defined contribution plans. The Group’s net obligation in respect of its defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. The fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The calculation is performed annually by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on high quality corporate bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Group’s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The Group recognizes all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans in retained earnings immediately.

The Group determines the net interest expense (income) on the net defined benefit liability (asset) for the period by applying the discount rate used to measure the defined benefit obligation at the beginning of the annual period to the then-net defined benefit liability (asset), taking into account any changes in the net defined benefit liability (asset) during the period as a result of contributions and benefit payments. Consequently, the net interest on the net defined benefit liability (asset) now comprises: interest cost on the defined benefit obligation, interest income on plan assets, and interest on the effect on the asset ceiling.

When the benefits of a plan are changed or when a plan is curtailed, the resulting change in benefit that relates to past service or the gain or loss on curtailment is recognized immediately in profit or loss. The Group recognizes gains and losses on the settlement of a defined benefit plan when the settlement occurs.

 

  (m) Revenue

Revenue from the sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of estimated returns, earned trade discounts, volume rebates and other cash incentives paid to customers. Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence exists that the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, generally on delivery and acceptance at the customers’ premises, recovery of the consideration is probable, the associated costs and possible return of goods can be estimated reliably, there is no continuing management involvement with the goods, and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably. If it is probable that discounts will be granted and the amount can be measured reliably, then the discount is recognized as a reduction of revenue when the sales are recognized. Sales taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from revenues in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (n) Operating Segments

An operating segment is a component of the Group that: 1) engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, including revenues and expenses that relate to transactions with other components of the group, 2) whose operating results are reviewed regularly by the Group’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) in order to allocate resources and assess its performance, and 3) for which discrete financial information is available. Management has determined that the CODM of the Group is the Board of Directors. The CODM does not receive and therefore does not review discrete financial information for any component of the Group. Consequently, no operating segment information is included in these consolidated financial statements. Entity wide disclosures of geographic and product revenue information are provided in note 17 to these consolidated financial statements.

 

  (o) Finance Income and Finance Costs

Finance income comprises interest income on funds invested (including available-for-sale financial assets), dividend income, gains on the disposal of available-for-sale financial assets, changes in the fair value of financial assets at FVTPL, and gains on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Interest income is recognized as it accrues in profit or loss, using the effective interest method. Dividend income is recognized in profit or loss on the date that the Group’s right to receive payment is established.

Finance costs comprise interest expense on borrowings, unwinding of the discount on provisions, changes in the fair value of financial assets at FVTPL, impairment losses recognized on financial assets, and losses on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset.

 

  (p) Income Tax

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss except to the extent that it relates to a business combination, or items recognized directly in equity or in other comprehensive income.

(i) Current tax

Current tax is the expected tax payable or receivable on the taxable profit or loss for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years. The taxable profit is different from the accounting profit for the period since the taxable profit is calculated excluding the temporary differences, which will be taxable or deductible in determining taxable profit (tax loss) of future periods, and non-taxable or non-deductible items from the accounting profit.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (p) Income Tax, Continued

 

(ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized, using the liability method, in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Group expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities. However, deferred tax is not recognized for taxable temporary differences arising on the initial recognition of goodwill.

The Group recognizes a deferred tax liability for all taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates, and interests in joint ventures, except to the extent that the Group is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future. A deferred tax asset is recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that the differences relating to investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.

The Group offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if, and only if the Group has a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on either the same taxable entity or different taxable entities which intend either to settle current tax liabilities and assets on a net basis, or to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

 

  (q) Earnings Per Share

The Group presents basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) data for its common stocks. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Controlling Company by the weighted average number of common stocks outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of common stocks outstanding, adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential common stocks such as convertible bonds and others.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (r) Change in Accounting Policies

 

The Group has consistently applied the accounting policies to the consolidated financial statements for 2017 and 2016 except for the new amendment effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2017 as mentioned below.

(i) K-IFRS No. 1007, Statement of Cash Flows

The Group has adopted the amendment to K-IFRS No. 1007, Statement of Cash Flows, since January 1, 2017. The amendment to K-IFRS No. 1007 is part of the disclosure initiative to improve presentation and disclosure in financial statements and requires an entity to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities including both changes due to cash flows and non-cash changes such as changes from financing cash flows, changes arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses, the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates and changes in fair value and other changes. The Group has applied the amendment and disclosed changes in liabilities arose from financing activities including both changes due to cash flows and non-cash changes in note 27.

(ii) K-IFRS No. 1012, Income Taxes

The Group has adopted the amendment to K-IFRS No. 1012, Income Taxes, since January 1, 2017. The amendments clarify that an entity needs to consider whether tax law restricts the sources of taxable profits against which it may make deductions on the reversal of that deductible temporary difference. Furthermore, the amendment provide guidance on how an entity should determine future taxable profits and explain the circumstances in which taxable profit may include the recovery of some assets for more than their carrying amount. There is no impact of applying this amendment on the consolidated financial statements.

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted

The following new standards and amendments to existing standards have been published and are mandatory for the Group for annual periods beginning after January 1, 2017, and the Group has not early adopted them.

(i) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments

K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments, published on September 25, 2015 which will replace the K-IFRS No. 1039, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement, is effective for annual periods January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Group plans to adopt K-IFRS No. 1109 in its consolidated financial statements for annual periods beginning on January 1, 2018.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 will generally be applied retrospectively, except as described below.

 

    Advantage of exemption allowing the Group not to restate comparative information for prior periods with respect to classification, measurement and impairment changes.

 

    Prospective application of new hedge accounting except for those specified in K-IFRS No. 1109 for retrospective application such as accounting for the time value of options and others.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

Key features of K-IFRS No. 1109 are a) new classification and measurement approach for financial assets that reflects the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics, b) impairment model based on changes in expected credit losses, and c) new approach to hedge qualification and methods for assessing hedge effectiveness.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 necessitates the assessment on the potential impact on the Group’s consolidated financial statements resulting from the application of new standards, revision of its accounting process and internal controls related to reporting financial instruments. The quantitative impact of adopting K-IFRS No. 1109 on the Group’s consolidated financial statements in 2018 may differ because it will be dependent on the financial instruments that the Group holds and economic conditions at that time as well as accounting elections and judgments that it will make in the future.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Group finalized assessing the impacts of adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 on its consolidated financial statements, the accounting system and the internal controls in 2017. The potential general impact on its consolidated financial statements resulting from the application of new standards are as follows.

Classification and Measurement of Financial Assets

K-IFRS No. 1109 contains three principal classification categories for financial assets: measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (“FVOCI”) and fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”), based on the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics. However, derivatives embedded in contracts where the host is a financial assets in the scope of the standard are never bifurcated. Instead, the hybrid financial instrument as a whole is assessed for classification.

 

Business model assessment

   Contractual cash flow characteristics  
   Solely payments of principal
and interest
   Others  

Hold to collect contractual cash flows

   Amortized cost (*1)   

Hold to collect contractual cash flows and sell financial assets

   FVOCI      FVTPL (*2)  

Hold to sell financial assets and others

   FVTPL   

 

(*1) The Group may irrevocably designate a financial asset as measured at FVTPL using the fair value option at initial recognition if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces accounting mismatch.
(*2) The Group may irrevocably designate an equity investment that is not held for trading as measured at FVOCI using the fair value option.

The requirements to classify financial assets as amortized cost or FVOCI under K-IFRS No. 1109 are more restrictive than them under K-IFRS No. 1039. Accordingly, increase in proportion of financial assets classified as FVTPL may result in increase of volatility in profit or loss of the Group. As of December 31, 2017, the Group recognized W7,938,886 million of loans and receivable, W5,142 million of available-for-sale financial assets and W1,552 million of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

A debt investment is measured at amortized cost if it meets both of the following conditions:

 

    The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by collecting contractual cash flows; and

 

    The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flow that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

As of December 31, 2017, the Group recognized W7,938,886 million of loans and receivables and W162 million of debt instruments classified as available-for-sale financial assets and measured at amortized cost.

A debt investment is measured at FVOCI if it meets both of the following conditions:

 

    The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets; and

 

    The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flow that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Equity investment that are not held for trading may be irrevocably designated as FVOCI on initial recognition and they are not subsequently recycled to profit or loss. As of December 31, 2017, the Group recognized W4,980 million of equity investment classified as available-for-sale financial assets.

A financial asset is measured at FVTPL, if:

 

    The asset’s contractual cash flows do not represent solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding;

 

    Debt instrument is held for trading; or

 

    Equity instrument is not designated as FVOCI.

As of December 31, 2017, the Group recognized W1,552 million of debt instrument classified as FVTPL.

Classification and Measurement of Financial Liabilities

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, the amount of change in the fair value of liabilities designated as at FVTPL that is attributable to changes in the credit risk of the liability is not presented in the item of profit or loss, but in OCI and they are not subsequently recycled to profit or loss. However, if accounting mismatch is created or enlarged as a result of this accounting treatment, the amount of change in the credit risk of the financial liabilities is also recognized as profit or loss.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 may result in decrease of profit or loss in relation to evaluation of financial liabilities as some of change in the fair value of financial liabilities designated as at FVTPL is presented in OCI.

Impairment: Financial assets and contract assets

Impairment loss is recognized if there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial asset is impaired according to ‘incurred loss model’ under K-IFRS No. 1039. However, K-IFRS No. 1109 replaces the incurred loss model in K-IFRS No. 1039 with an ‘expected credit loss impairment model’ which applies to debt instruments measured at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income, lease receivable, loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, loss allowance is classified into three stages below in accordance with increase

of credit risk after initial recognition of financial assets and measured on the 12-month expected credit loss (“ECL”) or lifetime ECL basis. Under K-IFRS No. 1109, credit losses are recognized earlier than that under K-IFRS 1039.

 

Classification

  

Loss allowances

Stage 1    No significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition    12-month expected credit losses: the expected credit losses that result from default events that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date.
Stage 2    Significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition    Lifetime expected credit losses: the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of the financial instrument.

 

Stage 3

  

 

Objective evidence of credit risk impairment

  

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, cumulative change in lifetime expected credit loss since initial recognition is recognized as a loss allowance for financial asset, if it was credit-impaired at initial recognition. As of December 31, 2017, the Group recognized W2,943 million of loss allowances for W7,941,991 million of debt instrument measured at amortized cost such as loans, receivables and debt instrument classified available-for-sale financial asset.

Hedge accounting

K-IFRS No. 1109 maintains mechanics of hedge accounting including fair value hedges, cash flow hedges and hedges of a net investment in a foreign operation while replacing complex and regulation based requirements of hedge accounting in K-IFRS No. 1039 with principle based method for assessing hedge effectiveness by focusing on the risk management strategy of the Group. K-IFRS No. 1109 enlarges the risk management objectives and strategy and mitigates hedge accounting requirements including elimination of assessment to determine if it actually to have been highly effective throughout the financial reporting periods for which the hedge was designated and quantified guidance (80-125 percent).

By complying with the hedging rules in K-IFRS 1109, the Group can apply hedge accounting for transactions that do not meet the hedging criteria under K-IFRS 1039 thereby reducing volatility in the profit or loss.

When initially applying K-IFRS 1109, the Group may choose as its accounting policy to continue to apply hedge accounting requirements under K-IFRS 1039 instead of the requirements in K-IFRS 1109.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

(ii) K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from contracts with customers

K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from contracts with customers, published on November 6, 2015 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. K-IFRS No. 1115 replaces existing revenue recognition guidance, including K-IFRS No. 1018 Revenue, K-IFRS No. 1011, Construction Contracts, K-IFRS No. 2031, Revenue: Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services, K-IFRS No. 2113, Customer Loyalty Programmes, K-IFRS No. 2115, Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate and K-IFRS No. 2118, Transfers of Assets from Customers. The Group plans to adopt K-IFRS No. 1115 in its consolidated financial statements for annual periods beginning on January 1, 2018, using the retrospective approach. As a result, the Group also will apply retrospective approach for the comparative periods presented in its consolidated financial statements in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1008, Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors. The Group plans to use the practical expedients for completed contracts as of January 1, 2017 and accordingly the revenue in connection with those contracts will not be restated.

Revenue recognition criteria in K-IFRS No. 1018 are applied separately to each transaction including sale of goods, rendering of services, interest, royalties, dividends and construction contracts. However, K-IFRS No. 1115 establishes a single new revenue recognition standard for contracts with customers and introduces a five-step model for determining whether, how much and when revenue is recognized.

The steps in five-step model are as follows:

a) Identify the contract with a customer.

b) Identify the performance obligations in the contract.

c) Determine the transaction price.

d) Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.

e) Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Group finalized assessing the financial impact of the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1115 on its consolidated financial statements. As a result, the potential general impact on its consolidated financial statements resulting from the application of the new standard is as follows.

Variable Consideration

The consideration received from customers may be variable as the Group allows its customers to return their products, if any fault, according to the contracts. The Group shall estimate an amount of variable consideration by using the expected value or the most likely amount, depending on which method the entity expects to better predict the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled and include in the transaction price some or all of an amount of variable consideration estimated only to the extent that is highly probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when return period expires. The Group shall recognize refund liability measured at the amount of consideration received (or receivable) to which the Group does not expect to be entitled and a new asset for the right to recover returned goods. As a result of this change, it is expected that the refund liability and a new asset for the right to recover returned goods will be increased by W9,789 million, respectively, as of January 1, 2018.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

(iii) K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases

K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases, published on May 22, 2017 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. K-IFRS No. 1116 replaces existing leases guidance including K-IFRS No. 1017, Leases, K-IFRS No.2014, Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease, K-IFRS No.2015, Operating Leases—Incentives and K-IFRS No.2027, Evaluating the Substance of Transactions Involving the Legal Form of a Lease.

At inception of a contract, the Group assesses whether the contract is, or contains, a lease and reassess whether a contract is, or contains, a lease at the date of initial application. However, as a practical expedient, the Group is not required to reassess for contracts entered into, or changed, on or after January 1, 2019. The Group is currently assessing the potential impact on its consolidated financial statements resulting from the application of new standards.

(iv) K-IFRS No. 2112, Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

According to the new interpretation, K-IFRS No. 2112, Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration, the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use on initial recognition of the related asset, expense or income (or part of it) is the date on which an entity initially recognizes the non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration. If there are multiple payments or receipts in advance, the entity shall determine a date of the transaction for each payment or receipt of advance consideration. K-IFRS No. 2122 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. Management is currently assessing the potential impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements resulting from the application of new interpretation.

 

ø Please refer to the detailed footnotes and final financial statements in the audit report, which will be on the electronic disclosure system (<http://dart.dss.or.kr>) on the last week of February


(3) Separate Financial Statements

Separate Statements of Financial Position    

As of December 31, 2017 and 2016    

 

(In millions of won)    Note      December 31, 2017      December 31, 2016  

Assets

        

Cash and cash equivalents

     4, 26      W 566,408      259,467

Deposits in banks

     4, 26        580,770      1,076,520

Trade accounts and notes receivable, net

    
5, 14, 26,
28
 
 
     4,673,570      5,128,925

Other accounts receivable, net

     5, 26        687,109      403,744

Other current financial assets

     6, 26        13,499      7,696

Inventories

     7        1,682,245      1,706,983

Other current assets

     5        177,473      129,240
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

        8,381,074      8,712,575

Deposits in banks

     4, 26        11      13

Investments

     8        2,683,941      2,656,026

Other non-current financial assets

     6, 26        64,772      52,649

Property, plant and equipment, net

     9        12,487,001      8,757,973

Intangible assets, net

     10        731,373      673,966

Deferred tax assets

     24        727,248      653,613

Other non-current assets

     5        333,995      305,935
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total non-current assets

        17,028,341      13,100,175
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

      W 25,409,415      21,812,750
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

        

Trade accounts and notes payable

     26, 28      W 2,391,493      2,738,383

Current financial liabilities

     11, 26        1,060,735      667,735

Other accounts payable

     26        2,701,823      1,921,141

Accrued expenses

        755,062      590,129

Income tax payable

        235,593      155,641

Provisions

     13        73,685      54,040

Advances received

     14        142,700      18,944

Other current liabilities

     13        33,514      30,331
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

        7,394,605      6,176,344

Non-current financial liabilities

     11, 26        3,165,413      3,185,449

Non-current provisions

     13        28,312      8,155

Defined benefit liabilities, net

     12        94,535      142,212

Long-term advances received

     14        830,335      —    

Other non-current liabilities

     13        66,956      65,143
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total non-current liabilities

        4,185,551      3,400,959
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

        11,580,156      9,577,303
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Equity

        

Share capital

     15        1,789,079      1,789,079

Share premium

        2,251,113      2,251,113

Retained earnings

     16        9,789,067      8,195,255
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total equity

        13,829,259      12,235,447
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

      W 25,409,415      21,812,750
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.


b. Separate Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016    

 

(In millions of won, except earnings per share)    Note    2017     2016  

Revenue

   17, 28    W 25,591,082     24,419,295

Cost of sales

   7, 18      (21,718,047     (21,748,952
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

        3,873,035     2,670,343

Selling expenses

   19      (666,891     (414,053

Administrative expenses

   19      (473,477     (428,862

Research and development expenses

        (1,195,937     (1,118,290
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating profit

        1,536,730     709,138
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Finance income

   22      763,489     462,504

Finance costs

   22      (119,534     (141,765

Other non-operating income

   21      790,476     1,254,374

Other non-operating expenses

   21      (931,294     (1,046,484
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit before income tax

        2,039,867     1,237,767

Income tax expense

   23      260,146     270,689
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Profit for the year

        1,779,721     967,078
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

       

Items that will never be reclassified to profit or loss

       

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities

   12, 23      (16,260     155,346

Related income tax

   12, 23      9,259     (37,594
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        (7,001     117,752

Items that are or may be reclassified to profit or loss

       

Net change in fair value of available-for-sale financial assets

   22, 23      —         (77

Related income tax

   22, 23      —         19
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        —         (58
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) for the year, net of income tax

        (7,001     117,694
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

      W 1,772,720     1,084,772
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share (In won)

       

Basic earnings per share

   25    W 4,974     2,703
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

   25    W 4,974     2,703
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.


c. Separate Statements of Changes in Equity (Appendix-2)

d. Separate Statements of Cash Flows

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from operating activities:

       

Profit for the year

      W 1,779,721     967,078

Adjustments for:

       

Income tax expense

     23        260,146     270,689

Depreciation

     9, 18        1,732,901     1,864,164

Amortization of intangible assets

     10, 18        391,580     349,095

Gain on foreign currency translation

        (143,514     (205,891

Loss on foreign currency translation

        143,022     105,240

Expenses related to defined benefit plans

     12, 20        196,853     220,784

Gain on disposal of property, plant and equipment

        (139,053     (58,142

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

        11,620     6,428

Gain on disposal of intangible assets

        (308     (900

Loss on disposal of intangible assets

        30     75

Impairment loss on intangible assets

        1,809     138

Reversal of impairment loss on intangible assets

        (35     —    

Finance income

        (761,617     (455,587

Finance costs

        80,995     126,555

Other income

        (17,127     (15,546

Other expenses

        219,491     140,174
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        1,976,793     2,347,276

Changes in

       

Trade accounts and notes receivable

        316,119     (710,920

Other accounts receivable

        (63,844     (3,121

Inventories

        24,738     143,230

Other current assets

        14,807     47,946

Other non-current assets

        (112,015     (91,028

Trade accounts and notes payable

        (272,656     (504,825

Other accounts payable

        161,337     32,688

Accrued expenses

        166,035     (19,505

Provisions

        (177,439     (124,256

Other current liabilities

        (6,883     (8

Defined benefit liabilities, net

        (260,790     (276,449

Long-term advances received

        1,020,470     —    

Other non-current liabilities

        6,368     18,109
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
        816,247     (1,488,139

Cash generated from operating activities

        4,572,761     1,826,215

Income taxes paid

        (232,477     (43,470

Interests received

        25,017     32,315

Interests paid

        (93,487     (95,434
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

      W 4,271,814     1,719,626
     

 

 

   

 

 

 


(In millions of won)    Note      2017     2016  

Cash flows from investing activities:

       

Dividends received

      W 409,015     538,935

Increase in deposits in banks

        (1,334,015     (2,326,520

Proceeds from withdrawal of deposits in banks

        1,826,523     2,682,102

Acquisition of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

        —         (1,500

Acquisition of available-for-sale financial assets

        (7     —    

Proceeds from disposal of available-for-sale financial assets

        917     487

Acquisition of investments

        (81,779     (131,357

Proceeds from disposal of investments

        13,128     30,125

Acquisition of property, plant and equipment

        (4,859,831     (2,549,822

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

        199,769     331,534

Acquisition of intangible assets

        (437,290     (396,581

Proceeds from disposal of intangible assets

        1,674     1,166

Government grants received

        1,859     4,425

Receipt from settlement of derivatives

        2,592     4,008

Proceeds from collection of short-term loans

        1,118     6,070

Increase in long-term loans

        (13,930     (27,300

Increase in deposits

        (1,388     (200

Decrease in deposits

        1,184     914

Proceeds from disposal of emission rights

        6,090     —    
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

        (4,264,371     (1,833,514
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

     27       

Proceeds from short-term borrowings

        —         107,345

Repayments of short-term borrowings

        (105,864     —    

Proceeds from issuance of debentures

        497,959     597,573

Proceeds from long-term debt

        630,000     1,103,221

Repayments of current portion of long-term debt and debentures

        (544,557     (1,363,920

Payment guarantee fee received

        868     —    

Dividends paid

        (178,908     (178,908
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

        299,498     265,311
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

        306,941     151,423

Cash and cash equivalents at January 1

        259,467     108,044
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at December 31

        566,408     259,467
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.


e. Notes to the Separate Financial Statements

 

1. Organization and Description of Business

LG Display Co., Ltd. (the “Company”) was incorporated in February 1985 and the Company is a public corporation listed in the Korea Exchange since 2004. The main business of the Company is to manufacture and sell displays and its related products. As of December 31, 2017, the Company is operating Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display (“TFT-LCD”) and Organic Light Emitting Diode (“OLED”) panel manufacturing plants in Gumi, Paju and China and TFT-LCD and OLED module manufacturing plants in Gumi, Paju, China, Poland and Vietnam. The Company is domiciled in the Republic of Korea with its address at 128 Yeouidae-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, the Republic of Korea. As of December 31, 2017, LG Electronics Inc., a major shareholder of the Company, owns 37.9% (135,625,000 shares) of the Company’s common stock.

The Company’s common stock is listed on the Korea Exchange under the identifying code 034220. As of December 31, 2017, there are 357,815,700 shares of common stock outstanding. The Company’s common stock is also listed on the New York Stock Exchange in the form of American Depository Shares (“ADSs”) under the symbol “LPL”. One ADS represents one-half of one share of common stock. As of December 31, 2017, there are 24,581,448 ADSs outstanding.

 

2. Basis of Presenting Financial Statements

 

  (a) Statement of Compliance

In accordance with the Act on External Audits of Stock Companies, these separate financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Korean International Financial Reporting Standards (“K-IFRS”).

These financial statements are separate financial statements prepared in accordance with K-IFRS No.1027, Separate Financial Statements, presented by a parent, an investor in an associate or a venture in a joint ventures, in which the investments are accounted for on the basis of the direct equity interest rather than on the basis of the reported results and net assets of the investees.

The separate financial statements were authorized for issuance by the Board of Directors on January 22, 2018, which will be submitted for approval to the shareholders’ meeting to be held on March 15, 2018.


2. Basis of Presenting Financial Statements, Continued

 

  (b) Basis of Measurement

The separate financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for the following material items in the separate statements of financial position:

 

    derivative instruments, financial assets at fair value through profit or loss and available-for-sale financial assets are measured at fair value, and

 

    net defined benefit liabilities are recognized as the present value of defined benefit obligations less the fair value of plan assets

 

  (c) Functional and Presentation Currency

The separate financial statements are presented in Korean won, which is the Company’s functional currency.

 

  (d) Use of Estimates and Judgments

The preparation of the separate financial statements in conformity with K-IFRSs requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

Information about critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the separate financial statements is included in the following notes:

 

    Classification of financial instruments (note 3.(d))

Information about assumptions and estimation uncertainties that have a significant risk of resulting in a material adjustment within the next 12 months is included in the following notes:

 

    Recognition and measurement of provisions (note 3.(j), 13 and 14.(a))

 

    Net realizable value of inventories (note 7)

 

    Measurement of defined benefit obligations (note 12)

 

    Deferred tax assets and liabilities (note 24)


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies followed by the Company in preparation of its separate financial statements are as follows:

 

  (a) Interest in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures

These separate financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with K-IFRS No.1027, Separate Financial Statements. The Company applied the cost method to investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures in accordance with K-IFRS No.1027. Dividends from subsidiaries, associates or joint ventures are recognized in profit or loss when the right to receive the dividend is established.

 

  (b) Foreign Currency Transactions and Translation

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the respective functional currencies of the Company at exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate on the reporting date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies that are measured at fair value are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate at the date that the fair value was originally determined. Foreign currency differences arising on retranslation are recognized in profit or loss, except for differences arising on available-for-sale equity instruments and a financial asset and liability designated as a cash flow hedge, which are recognized in other comprehensive income. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the original transaction. Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on translating monetary items at rates different from those at which they were translated on initial recognition are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they arise. Foreign currency differences arising from assets and liabilities in relation to the investing and financing activities including loans, bonds and cash and cash equivalents are recognized in finance income (costs) in the separate statement of comprehensive income and foreign currency differences arising from assets and liabilities in relation to activities other than investing and financing activities are recognized in other non-operating income (expense) in the separate statement of comprehensive income. Relevant foreign currency differences are presented in gross amounts in the separate statement of comprehensive income.

 

  (c) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances and short-term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash.

 

  (d) Inventories

Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost of inventories is based on the weighted-average method, and includes expenditures incurred in acquiring the inventories, production or conversion costs and other costs incurred in bringing them to their existing location and condition. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated selling expenses. In the case of manufactured inventories and work-in-process, cost includes an appropriate share of production overheads based on the actual capacity of production facilities. However, the normal capacity is used for the allocation of fixed production overheads if the actual level of production is lower than the normal capacity.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments

(i) Non-derivative financial assets

The Company initially recognizes loans and receivables and deposits on the date they are originated. All other non-derivative financial assets, including financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”), are recognized in the separate statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or it transfers the rights to receive the contractual cash flows of the financial asset in a transaction in which substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset are transferred. Any interest in transferred financial assets that is created or retained by the Company is recognized as a separate asset or liability. If a transfer does not result in derecognition because the Company has retained substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the transferred asset, the Company continues to recognize the transferred asset and recognizes a financial liability for the consideration received. In subsequent periods, the Company recognizes any income on the transferred assets and any expense incurred on the financial liability.

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount presented in the separate statement of financial position when, and only when, the Company has a legal right to offset the amounts and intends either to settle them on a net basis or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

The Company has the following non-derivative financial assets: financial assets at FVTPL, loans and receivables and available-for-sale financial assets.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

A financial asset is classified at FVTPL if it is classified as held for trading or is designated as such upon initial recognition. If a contract contains one or more embedded derivatives, the Company designates the entire hybrid (combined) contract as a financial asset at FVTPL unless: the embedded derivative(s) does not significantly modify the cash flows that otherwise would be required by the contract; or it is clear with little or no analysis when a similar hybrid (combined) instrument is first considered that separation of the embedded derivative(s) is prohibited. Upon initial recognition, attributable transaction costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred. Financial assets at FVTPL are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss.

Loans and receivables

Loans and receivables are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. When loans and receivables are recognized initially, the Company measures them at their fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of the financial asset. Subsequent to initial recognition, loans and receivables are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment losses. Loans and receivables comprise trade accounts and notes receivable and other accounts receivable.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

Available-for-sale financial assets

Available-for-sale financial assets are non-derivative financial assets that are designated as available-for-sale or that are not classified as financial assets at FVTPL, held-to-maturity financial assets or loans and receivables. The Company’s investments in equity securities and certain debt securities are classified as available-for-sale financial assets. Subsequent to initial recognition, they are measured at fair value and changes therein, other than impairment losses and foreign currency differences on available-for-sale equity instruments, are recognized in other comprehensive income and presented within equity in the fair value reserve. When an investment in available-for-sale financial assets is derecognized, the cumulative gain or loss in other comprehensive income is transferred to profit or loss.

Investments in equity instruments that do not have a quoted market price in an active market and whose fair value cannot be reliably measured and whose derivatives are linked to and must be settled by delivery of such unquoted equity instruments are measured at cost.

(ii) Non-derivative financial liabilities

The Company classifies financial liabilities into two categories, financial liabilities at FVTPL and other financial liabilities, in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangement and the definitions of financial liabilities, and recognizes them in the separate statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial liabilities at FVTPL include financial liabilities held for trading or designated as such upon initial recognition at FVTPL. After initial recognition, financial liabilities at FVTPL are measured at fair value, and changes therein are recognized in profit or loss. Upon initial recognition, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of financial liabilities are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Non-derivative financial liabilities other than financial liabilities classified as FVTPL are classified as other financial liabilities and measured initially at fair value minus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of financial liabilities. Subsequent to initial recognition, these financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. As of December 31, 2017, non-derivative financial liabilities comprise borrowings, bonds and others.

The Company derecognizes a financial liability when its contractual obligations are discharged, cancelled or expired.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

(iii) Share Capital

The Company only issued common stocks and they are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of common stocks are recognized as a deduction from equity, net of tax effects. Capital contributed in excess of par value upon issuance of common stocks is classified as share premium within equity.

(iv) Derivative financial instruments

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives are measured at fair value, and changes therein are accounted for as described below.

Hedge Accounting

If necessary, the Company designates derivatives as hedging items to hedge the risk of changes in the fair value of assets, liabilities or firm commitments (a fair value hedge) and foreign currency risk of highly probable forecasted transactions or firm commitments (a cash flow hedge).

On initial designation of the hedge, the Company’s management formally designates and documents the relationship between the hedging instrument(s) and hedged item(s), including the risk management objectives and strategy in undertaking the hedge transaction, together with the methods that will be used to assess the effectiveness of the hedging relationship, both at the inception of the hedge relationship as well as on an ongoing basis.

i) Fair value hedges

Change in the fair value of a derivative hedging instrument designated as a fair value hedge and the hedged item is recognized in profit or loss, respectively. The gain or loss from remeasuring the hedging instrument at fair value and the gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in profit or loss in the same line item of the statement of comprehensive income. The Company discontinues fair value hedge accounting if it does not designate the derivative hedging instrument and the hedged item as the hedge relationship between them anymore or if the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or if the hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting. Any adjustment arising from gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk is amortized to profit or loss from the date the hedge accounting is discontinued.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (e) Financial Instruments, Continued

 

(iv) Derivative financial instruments, Continued

 

ii) Cash flow hedges

When a derivative designated as a cash flow hedging instrument meets the criteria of cash flow hedge accounting, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in other comprehensive income and the ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognized in profit or loss. The Company discontinues cash flow hedge accounting if it does not designate the derivative hedging instrument and the hedged item as the hedge relationship between them any more or if the hedging instruments expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or if the hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument that has been recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified to profit or loss in the periods during which the forecasted transaction occurs. If the forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, then the balance in other comprehensive income is recognized immediately in profit or loss.

Embedded derivative

Embedded derivatives are separated from the host contract and accounted for separately if the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract and the embedded derivative are not closely related, a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative would meet the definition of a derivative, and the combined instrument is not measured at FVTPL. Changes in the fair value of separable embedded derivatives are recognized immediately in profit or loss.

Other derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments are measured at fair value and changes of them not designated as a hedging instrument or not effective for hedging are recognized in profit or loss.

 

  (f) Property, Plant and Equipment

(i) Recognition and measurement

Items of property, plant and equipment are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Cost includes an expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials and direct labor, any costs directly attributable to bringing the assets to a working condition for their intended use, the costs of dismantling and removing the items and restoring the site on which they are located and borrowing costs on qualifying assets.

The gain or loss arising from the derecognition of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds, if any, and the carrying amount of the item and recognized in other non-operating income or other non-operating expenses.

(ii) Subsequent costs

Subsequent expenditure on an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized as part of its cost only if it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The costs of the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognized in profit or loss as incurred


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (f) Property, Plant and Equipment, Continued

 

(iii) Depreciation

Depreciation is recognized in profit or loss on a straight-line basis method, reflecting the pattern in which the asset’s future economic benefits are expected to be consumed by the Company. The residual value of property, plant and equipment is zero. Land is not depreciated.

Estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

 

     Useful lives (years)

Buildings and structures

   20, 40

Machinery

   4, 5

Furniture and fixtures

   4

Equipment, tools and vehicles

   4, 12

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each financial year-end and adjusted if appropriate and any changes are accounted for as changes in accounting estimates. There were no such changes for all periods presented.

 

  (g) Borrowing Costs

The Company capitalizes borrowing costs, which includes interests and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset as part of the cost of that asset. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. To the extent that the Company borrows funds specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the Company determines the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalization as the actual borrowing costs incurred on that borrowing during the period less any investment income on the temporary investment of those borrowings. The Company immediately recognizes other borrowing costs as an expense.

 

  (h) Government Grants

In case there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to a government grant, the government grant is recognized as follows:

(i) Grants related to the purchase or construction of assets

A government grant related to the purchase or construction of assets is deducted in calculating the carrying amount of the asset. The grant is recognized in profit or loss over the life of a depreciable asset as a reduced depreciation expense and cash related to grant received is presented in investing activities in the statement of cash flows.

(ii) Grants for compensating the Company’s expenses incurred

A government grant that compensates the Company for expenses incurred is recognized in profit or loss as a deduction from relevant expenses on a systematic basis in the periods in which the expenses are recognized.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (h) Government Grants, Continued

 

(iii) Other government grants

A government grant that becomes receivable for the purpose of giving immediate financial support to the Company with no compensation for expenses or losses already incurred or no future related costs is recognized as income of the period in which it becomes receivable.

 

  (i) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are initially measured at cost. Subsequently, intangible assets are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses.

(i) Goodwill

Goodwill arising from business combinations is recognized as the excess of the acquisition cost of investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures over the Company’s share of the net fair value of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Any deficit is a bargain purchase that is recognized in profit or loss. Goodwill is measured at cost less accumulated impairment losses.

(ii) Research and development

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design of the production of new or substantially improved products and processes. Development expenditure is capitalized only if the Company can demonstrate all of the following:

 

    the technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale,

 

    its intention to complete the intangible asset and use or sell it,

 

    its ability to use or sell the intangible asset,

 

    how the intangible asset will generate probable future economic benefits. Among other things, the Company can demonstrate the existence of a market for the output of the intangible asset or the intangible asset itself or, if it is to be used internally, the usefulness of the intangible asset,

 

    the availability of adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the intangible asset, and

 

    its ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development.

The expenditure capitalized includes the cost of materials, direct labor, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and borrowing costs on qualifying assets.

(iii) Other intangible assets

Other intangible assets include intellectual property rights, software, customer relationships, technology, memberships and others.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (i) Intangible Assets, Continued

 

(iv) Subsequent costs

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits embodied in the specific intangible asset to which it relates. All other expenditure, including expenditure on internally generated goodwill and brands, is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

(v) Amortization

Amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of intangible assets, other than goodwill, from the date that they are available for use. The residual value of intangible assets is zero. However, as there are no foreseeable limits to the periods over which condominium and golf club memberships are expected to be available for use, these intangible assets are regarded as having indefinite useful lives and not amortized.

 

    Estimated useful lives (years)

Intellectual property rights

  5, 10

Rights to use electricity, water and gas supply facilities

  10

Software

  4

Customer relationships

  7, 10

Technology

  10

Development costs

  (*)

Condominium and golf club memberships

  Not amortized

 

(*) Capitalized development costs are amortized over the useful life considering the life cycle of the developed products. Amortization of capitalized development costs is recognized in research and development expenses in the separate statement of comprehensive income.

Amortization periods and the amortization methods for intangible assets with finite useful lives are reviewed at each financial year-end. The useful lives of intangible assets that are not being amortized are reviewed each period to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support indefinite useful life assessments for those assets. If appropriate, the changes are accounted for as changes in accounting estimates.

 

  (j) Impairment

(i) Financial assets

A financial asset not carried at FVTPL is assessed at each reporting date to determine whether there is objective evidence that it is impaired. A financial asset is impaired if objective evidence indicates that a loss event has occurred after the initial recognition of the asset, and that the loss event had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset that can be estimated reliably.

Objective evidence that financial assets are impaired can include default or delinquency in interest or principal payments by an issuer or a debtor, for economic reasons relating to the borrower’s financial difficulty, granting to the borrower a concession that the Company would not otherwise consider, or the disappearance of an active market for that financial asset. In addition, for an investment in an equity security, objective evidence of impairment includes significant financial difficulty of the issuer and a significant or prolonged decline in its fair value below its cost.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (j) Impairment, Continued

 

(i) Financial assets, Continued

 

The Company’s management considers evidence of impairment for loans and receivables at both a specific asset and collective level. All individually significant loans and receivables are assessed for specific impairment. All individually significant receivables found not to be specifically impaired are then collectively assessed for any impairment that has been incurred but not yet identified. Loans and receivables that are not individually significant are collectively assessed for impairment by grouping together receivables with similar risk characteristics.

In assessing collective impairment the Company uses historical trends of the probability of default, timing of recoveries and the amount of loss incurred, adjusted for management’s judgment as to whether current economic and credit conditions are such that the actual losses are likely to be greater or less than suggested by historical trends.

If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred on financial assets carried at amortized cost, the amount of the impairment loss is measured as the difference between its carrying amount and the present value of the estimated future cash flows discounted at the asset’s original effective interest rate. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss and reflected in an allowance account against loans and receivables.

The amount of the impairment loss on financial assets including equity securities carried at cost is measured as the difference between the carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows discounted at the current market rate of return for a similar financial asset. Such impairment losses are not reversed.

When a decline in the fair value of an available-for-sale financial asset has been recognized in other comprehensive income, the amount of the cumulative loss that is reclassified from equity to profit or loss is the difference between the acquisition cost and current fair value, less any impairment loss on that financial asset previously recognized in profit or loss.

In a subsequent period, for the financial assets recorded at fair value, if the fair value increases and the increase can be objectively related to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized, the previously recognized impairment loss is reversed. The amount of the reversal in financial assets carried at amortized cost and a debt instrument classified as available for sale is recognized in profit or loss. However, impairment loss recognized for an investment in an equity instrument classified as available-for-sale is reversed through other comprehensive income.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (j) Impairment, Continued

 

(ii) Non-financial assets

The carrying amounts of the Company’s non-financial assets, other than assets arising from employee benefits, inventories and deferred tax assets, are reviewed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, then the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated. For goodwill, and intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives or that are not yet available for use, irrespective of whether there is any indication of impairment, the recoverable amount is estimated each year at the same time.

For the purpose of impairment testing, assets that cannot be tested individually are grouped together into the smallest group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets (the “cash-generating unit”, or “CGU”). The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit is determined as the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Fair value less costs to sell is based on the best information available to reflect the amount that the Company could obtain from the disposal of the asset in an arm’s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, after deducting the costs of disposal.

An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of an asset or its CGU exceeds its estimated recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss. Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to CGUs that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Impairment losses recognized in respect of a CGU are allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit, and then to reduce the carrying amounts of the other assets in the unit on a pro rata basis.

In respect of other assets, impairment losses recognized in prior periods are assessed at each reporting date for any indications that the loss has decreased or no longer exists. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset’s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of accumulated depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized. An impairment loss in respect of goodwill is not reversed.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (k) Provisions

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

The risks and uncertainties that inevitably surround events and circumstances are taken into account in reaching the best estimate of a provision. Where the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined at the present value of the expected future cash flows. The unwinding of the discount is recognized as finance cost.

Provisions are reviewed at the end of each reporting period and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

The Company recognizes a liability for warranty obligations based on the estimated costs expected to be incurred under its basic limited warranty. This warranty covers defective products and is normally applicable for eighteen months from the date of purchase. These liabilities are accrued when product revenues are recognized. Factors that affect the Company’s warranty liability include historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims on those repairs and cost per claim to satisfy the Company’s warranty obligation. Warranty costs primarily include raw materials and labor costs. As these factors are impacted by actual experience and future expectations, management periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liabilities and adjusts the amounts as necessary. Accrued warranty obligations are included in the current and non-current provisions.

Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines, and penalties and other sources, are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment and/or remediation can be reasonably estimated.

 

  (l) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits that are due to be settled within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in profit or loss on an undiscounted basis. The expected cost of profit-sharing and bonus plans and others are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation to make payments as a result of past events and a reliable estimate of the obligation can be made.

(ii) Other long-term employee benefits

The Company’s net obligation in respect of long-term employee benefits other than pension plans is the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (l) Employee Benefits, Continued

 

(iii) Defined contribution plan

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to defined contribution pension plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in profit or loss in the periods during which services are rendered by employees.

(iv) Defined benefit plan

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than defined contribution plans. The Company’s net obligation in respect of its defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. The fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The calculation is performed annually by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on high quality corporate bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company’s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The Company recognizes all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans in retained earnings immediately.

The Company determines the net interest expense (income) on the net defined benefit liability (asset) for the period by applying the discount rate used to measure the defined benefit obligation at the beginning of the annual period to the then-net defined benefit liability (asset), taking into account any changes in the net defined benefit liability (asset) during the period as a result of contributions and benefit payments. Consequently, the net interest on the net defined benefit liability (asset) now comprises: interest cost on the defined benefit obligation, interest income on plan assets, and interest on the effect on the asset ceiling.

When the benefits of a plan are changed or when a plan is curtailed, the resulting change in benefit that relates to past service or the gain or loss on curtailment is recognized immediately in profit or loss. The Company recognizes gains and losses on the settlement of a defined benefit plan when the settlement occurs.

 

  (m) Revenue

Revenue from the sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of estimated returns, earned trade discounts, volume rebates and other cash incentives paid to customers. Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence exists that the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, generally on delivery and acceptance at the customers’ premises, recovery of the consideration is probable, the associated costs and possible return of goods can be estimated reliably, there is no continuing management involvement with the goods, and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably. If it is probable that discounts will be granted and the amount can be measured reliably, then the discount is recognized as a reduction of revenue when the sales are recognized. Sales taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from revenues in the separate statements of comprehensive income.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (n) Operating Segments

In accordance with K-IFRS No. 1108, Operating Segments, entity wide disclosures of geographic and product revenue information are provided in the consolidated financial statements.

 

  (o) Finance Income and Finance Costs

Finance income comprises interest income on funds invested (including available-for-sale financial assets), dividend income, gains on the disposal of available-for-sale financial assets, changes in the fair value of financial assets at FVTPL, and gains on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Interest income is recognized as it accrues in profit or loss, using the effective interest method. Dividend income is recognized in profit or loss on the date that the Company’s right to receive payment is established.

Finance costs comprise interest expense on borrowings, unwinding of the discount on provisions, changes in the fair value of financial assets at FVTPL, impairment losses recognized on financial assets, and losses on hedging instruments that are recognized in profit or loss. Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset.

 

  (p) Income Tax

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are recognized in profit or loss except to the extent that it relates to a business combination, or items recognized directly in equity or in other comprehensive income.

(i) Current tax

Current tax is the expected tax payable or receivable on the taxable profit or loss for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years. The taxable profit is different from the accounting profit for the period since the taxable profit is calculated excluding the temporary differences, which will be taxable or deductible in determining taxable profit (tax loss) of future periods, and non-taxable or non-deductible items from the accounting profit.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (p) Income Tax, Continued

 

(ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized, using the liability method, in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. The measurement of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets reflects the tax consequences that would follow from the manner in which the Company expects, at the end of the reporting period, to recover or settle the carrying amount of its assets and liabilities. However, deferred tax is not recognized for taxable temporary differences arising on the initial recognition of goodwill.

The Company recognizes a deferred tax liability for all taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates, and interests in joint ventures, except to the extent that the Company is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future. A deferred tax asset is recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that the differences relating to investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.

Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if, and only if, the Company has a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority.

 

  (q) Earnings Per Share

The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) data for its common stocks. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of common stocks outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of common stocks outstanding, adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential common stocks such as convertible bonds and others.

 

  (r) Business Combinations

The Company accounts for business combinations using the acquisition method when control is transferred to the Company. The consideration transferred in the acquisition is generally measured at fair value, as are the identifiable net assets acquired. Any goodwill that arises is tested annually for impairment. Any gain on a bargain purchase is recognized in profit or loss immediately. Transaction costs are expensed as incurred, except if related to the issue of debt or equity securities in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1032 and K-IFRS No. 1039.

The consideration transferred does not include amounts related to the settlement of pre-existing relationships. Such amounts are generally recognized in profit or loss


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (s) Changes in Accounting Policies

 

The Company has consistently applied the accounting policies to the separate financial statements for 2017 and 2016 except for the new amendment effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2017 as mentioned below.

(i) K-IFRS No. 1007, Statement of Cash Flows

The Company has adopted the amendment to K-IFRS No. 1007, Statement of Cash Flows, since January 1, 2017. The amendment to K-IFRS No. 1007 is part of the disclosure initiative to improve presentation and disclosure in financial statements and requires an entity to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities including both changes due to cash flows and non-cash changes such as changes from financing cash flows, changes arising from obtaining or losing control of subsidiaries or other businesses, the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates and changes in fair value and other changes. The Company has applied the amendment and disclosed changes in liabilities arose from financing activities including both changes due to cash flows and non-cash changes in note 27.

(ii) K-IFRS No. 1012, Income Taxes

The Company has adopted the amendment to K-IFRS No. 1012, Income Taxes, since January 1, 2017. The amendments clarify that an entity needs to consider whether tax law restricts the sources of taxable profits against which it may make deductions on the reversal of that deductible temporary difference. Furthermore, the amendment provide guidance on how an entity should determine future taxable profits and explain the circumstances in which taxable profit may include the recovery of some assets for more than their carrying amount. There is no impact of applying this amendment on the separate financial statements.

 

  (t) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted

The following new standards and amendments to existing standards have been published and are mandatory for the Company for annual periods beginning after January 1, 2017, and the Company has not early adopted them.

(ii) K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments

K-IFRS No. 1109, Financial Instruments, published on September 25, 2015 which will replace the K-IFRS No. 1039, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement, is effective for annual periods January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company plans to adopt K-IFRS No. 1109 in its separate financial statements for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 will generally be applied retrospectively, except as described below.

 

    Advantage of exemption allowing the Company not to restate comparative information for prior periods with respect to classification, measurement and impairment changes.

 

    Prospective application of new hedge accounting except for those specified in K-IFRS No. 1109 for retrospective application such as accounting for the time value of options and others.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (t) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

Key features of K-IFRS No. 1109 are a) new classification and measurement approach for financial assets that reflects the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics, b) impairment model based on changes in expected credit losses, and c) new approach to hedge qualification and methods for assessing hedge effectiveness.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 necessitates the assessment on the potential impact on the Company’s separate financial statements resulting from the application of new standards, revision of its accounting process and internal controls related to reporting financial instruments. The quantitative impact of adopting K-IFRS No. 1109 on the Company’s separate financial statements in 2018 may differ because it will be dependent on the financial instruments that the Company holds and economic conditions at that time as well as accounting elections and judgments that it will make in the future.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company finalized assessing the impacts of adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 on its separate financial statements, the accounting system and the internal controls in 2017. As a result, the potential general impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the application of new standards are as follows:

Classification and Measurement of Financial Assets

K-IFRS No. 1109 contains three principal classification categories for financial assets: measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (“FVOCI”) and fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”), based on the business model in which assets are managed and their cash flow characteristics. However, derivatives embedded in contracts where the host is a financial assets in the scope of the standard are never bifurcated. Instead, the hybrid financial instrument as a whole is assessed for classification.

 

Business model assessment

  

Contractual cash flow characteristics

  

Solely payments of
principal and interest

  

Others

Hold to collect contractual cash flows

   Amortized cost(*1)   

Hold to collect contractual cash flows and sell financial assets

   FVOCI    FVTPL(*2)

Hold to sell financial assets and others

   FVTPL   

 

(*1) The Company may irrevocably designate a financial asset as measured at FVTPL using the fair value option at initial recognition if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces accounting mismatch.
(*2) The Company may irrevocably designate an equity investment that is not held for trading as measured at FVOCI using the fair value option.

The requirements to classify financial assets as amortized cost or FVOCI under K-IFRS No. 1109 are more restrictive than them under K-IFRS No. 1039. Accordingly, increase in proportion of financial assets classified as FVTPL may result in increase of volatility in profit or loss of the Company. As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized W6,580,886 million of loans and receivable, W2,859 million of available-for-sale financial assets and W1,552 million of financial assets at fair value through profit or loss.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (t) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

A debt investment is measured at amortized cost if it meets both of the following conditions:

 

    The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by collecting contractual cash flows; and

 

    The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flow that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized W6,580,886 million of loans and receivables and W162 million of debt instruments classified as available-for-sale financial assets and measured at amortized cost.

A debt investment is measured at FVOCI if it meets both of the following conditions:

 

    The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets; and

 

    The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flow that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Equity investment that are not held for trading may be irrevocably designated as FVOCI on initial recognition and they are not subsequently recycled to profit or loss. As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized W2,697 million of equity investment classified as available-for-sale financial assets.

A financial asset is measured at FVTPL, if:

 

    The asset’s contractual cash flows do not represent solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding;

 

    Debt instrument is held for trading; or

 

    Equity instrument is not designated as FVOCI.

As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized W1,552 million of debt instrument classified as FVTPL.

Classification and Measurement of Financial Liabilities

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, the amount of change in the fair value of liabilities designated as at FVTPL that is attributable to changes in the credit risk of the liability is not presented in the item of profit or loss, but in OCI and they are not subsequently recycled to profit or loss. However, if accounting mismatch is created or enlarged as a result of this accounting treatment, the amount of change in the credit risk of the financial liabilities is also recognized as profit or loss.

Adoption of K-IFRS No. 1109 may result in decrease of profit or loss in relation to evaluation of financial liabilities as some of change in the fair value of financial liabilities designated as at FVTPL is presented in OCI.

Impairment: Financial assets and contract assets

Impairment loss is recognized if there is any objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial asset is impaired according to ‘incurred loss model’ under K-IFRS No. 1039. However, K-IFRS No. 1109 replaces the incurred loss model in K-IFRS No. 1039 with an ‘expected credit loss impairment model’ which applies to debt instruments measured at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income, lease receivable, loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (t) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, loss allowance is classified into three stages below in accordance with increase of credit risk after initial recognition of financial assets and measured on the 12-month expected credit loss (“ECL”) or lifetime ECL basis. Under K-IFRS No. 1109, credit losses are recognized earlier than that under K-IFRS 1039.

 

Classification

  

Loss allowances

Stage 1    No significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition    12-month expected credit losses: the expected credit losses that result from default events that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date.
Stage 2    Significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition    Lifetime expected credit losses: the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of the financial instrument.

 

Stage 3

  

 

Objective evidence of credit risk impairment

  

Under K-IFRS No. 1109, cumulative change in lifetime expected credit loss since initial recognition is recognized as a loss allowance for financial asset, if it was credit-impaired at initial recognition. As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized W1,662 million of loss allowances for W6,582,710 million of debt instrument measured at amortized cost such as loans, receivables and debt instrument classified available-for-sale financial asset.

Hedge accounting

K-IFRS No. 1109 maintains mechanics of hedge accounting including fair value hedges, cash flow hedges and hedges of a net investment in a foreign operation while replacing complex and regulation based requirements of hedge accounting in K-IFRS No. 1039 with principle based method for assessing hedge effectiveness by focusing on the risk management strategy of the Company. K-IFRS No. 1109 enlarges the risk management objectives and strategy and mitigates hedge accounting requirements including elimination of assessment to determine if it actually to have been highly effective throughout the financial reporting periods for which the hedge was designated and quantified guidance (80-125 percent).

By complying with the hedging rules in K-IFRS 1109, the Company can apply hedge accounting for transactions that do not meet the hedging criteria under K-IFRS 1039 thereby reducing volatility in the profit or loss.

When initially applying K-IFRS 1109, the Company may choose as its accounting policy to continue to apply hedge accounting requirements under K-IFRS 1039 instead of the requirements in K-IFRS 1109.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continued

 

  (t) New Standards and Amendments Not Yet Adopted, Continued

 

(ii) K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from contracts with customers

K-IFRS No. 1115, Revenue from contracts with customers, published on November 6, 2015 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. K-IFRS No. 1115 replaces existing revenue recognition guidance, including K-IFRS No. 1018, Revenue, K-IFRS No. 1011, Construction Contracts, K-IFRS No. 2031, Revenue: Barter Transactions Involving Advertising Services, K-IFRS No. 2113, Customer Loyalty Programmes, K-IFRS No. 2115, Agreements for the Construction of Real Estate and K-IFRS No. 2118, Transfers of Assets from Customers. The Company plans to adopt K-IFRS No. 1115 in its separate financial statements for annual periods beginning on January 1, 2018, using the retrospective approach. As a result, the Company also will apply retrospective approach for the comparative periods presented in its separate financial statements in accordance with K-IFRS No. 1008, Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors. The Company plans to use the practical expedients for completed contracts as of January 1, 2018 and accordingly the revenue in connection with those contracts will not be restated.

Revenue recognition criteria in K-IFRS No. 1018 are applied separately to each transaction including sale of goods, rendering of services, interest, royalties, dividends and construction contracts. However, K-IFRS No. 1115 establishes a single new revenue recognition standard for contracts with customers and introduces a five-step model for determining whether, how much and when revenue is recognized.

The steps in five-step model are as follows:

a) Identify the contract with a customer.

b) Identify the performance obligations in the contract.

c) Determine the transaction price.

d) Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.

e) Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company finalized assessing the financial impact of the adoption of K-IFRS No. 1115 on its separate financial statements. As a result, the potential general impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the application of the new standard is as follows:

Variable Consideration

The consideration received from customers may be variable as the Company allows its customers the right to return their products, if any fault, according to the contracts. The Company shall estimate an amount of variable consideration by using the expected value or the most likely amount, depending on which method the entity expects to better predict the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled and include in the transaction price some or all of an amount of variable consideration estimated only to the extent that is highly probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when return period expires. The Company shall recognize refund liability measured at the amount of consideration received (or receivable) to which the Company does not expect to be entitled. As a result of this change, it is expected that the refund liability and a new asset for the right to recover returned goods will be increased by W9,789 million, respectively, as of January 1, 2018.


3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Continue

 

(iii) K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases

K-IFRS No. 1116, Leases, published on May 22, 2017 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. K-IFRS No. 1116 replaces existing leases guidance including K-IFRS No. 1017, Leases, K-IFRS No.2014, Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease, K-IFRS No.2015, Operating Leases—Incentives and K-IFRS No.2027, Evaluating the Substance of Transactions Involving the Legal Form of a Lease.

At inception of a contract, the Company assesses whether the contract is, or contains, a lease and reassess whether a contract is, or contains, a lease at the date of initial application. However, as a practical expedient, the Company is not required to reassess for contracts entered into, or changed, on or after January 1, 2019. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the application of new standards.

(iv) K-IFRS No. 2112, Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

According to the new interpretation, K-IFRS No. 2112, Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration, the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use on initial recognition of the related asset, expense or income (or part of it) is the date on which an entity initially recognizes the non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration. If there are multiple payments or receipts in advance, the entity shall determine a date of the transaction for each payment or receipt of advance consideration. K-IFRS No. 2122 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018, with early adoption permitted. Management is currently assessing the potential impact on its separate financial statements resulting from the application of new interpretation.

ø Please refer to the detailed footnotes and final financial statements in the audit report, which will be on the electronic disclosure system (<http://dart.dss.or.kr>) on the last week of February


ø Appendix-1. Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016    

 

    Attributable to owners of the Controlling Company              
    Share     Share     Retained                

Non-

controlling

    Total  
(In millions of won)   capital     premium     earnings     Reserves     Sub-total     interests     equity  

Balances at January 1, 2016

  W 1,789,079     2,251,113     8,158,526     (5,766     12,192,952     512,004     12,704,956
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

             

Profit for the year

    —         —         906,713     —         906,713     24,795     931,508

Other comprehensive income (loss)

             

Net change in fair value of available-for-sale financial assets, net of tax

    —         —         —         (58     (58     —         (58

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities, net of tax

    —         —         117,752     —         117,752     —         117,752

Foreign currency translation differences for foreign operations, net of tax

    —       —       —       (77,238 )     (77,238 )     (13,265 )     (90,503 )

Other comprehensive income (loss) from associates and joint ventures

    —         —         200     (5,416     (5,216     —         (5,216
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

    —         —         117,952     (82,712     35,240     (13,265     21,975
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

  W —         —         1,024,665     (82,712     941,953     11,530     953,483
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transaction with owners, recognized directly in equity

             

Dividends to equity holders

    —         —         (178,908     —         (178,908     —         (178,908

Subsidiaries’ dividends distributed to non-controlling interests

    —         —         —         —         —         (17,143     (17,143
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2016

  W 1,789,079     2,251,113     9,004,283     (88,478     12,955,997     506,391     13,462,388
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at January 1, 2017

  W 1,789,079     2,251,113     9,004,283     (88,478     12,955,997     506,391     13,462,388
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

             

Profit for the year

    —         —         1,802,756     —         1,802,756     134,296     1,937,052

Other comprehensive income (loss )

             

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities, net of tax

    —         —         (7,001     —         (7,001     —         (7,001

Foreign currency translation differences for foreign operations, net of tax

    —         —         —         (200,707     (200,707     (31,031     (231,738

Other comprehensive income from associates and joint ventures

    —         —         441     905     1,346     —         1,346
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive loss

    —         —         (6,560     (199,802     (206,362     (31,031     (237,393
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

  W —         —         1,796,196     (199,802     1,596,394     103,265     1,699,659
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transaction with owners, recognized directly in equity

             

Dividends to equity holders

    —         —         (178,908     —         (178,908     —         (178,908

Subsidiaries’ dividends distributed to non-controlling interests

    —         —         —         —         —         (5,929     (5,929

Capital contribution from non-controlling interests

    —         —         —         —         —         4,300     4,300
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2017

  W 1,789,079     2,251,113     10,621,571     (288,280     14,373,483     608,027     14,981,510
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.    


ø Appendix-2. Seperate Statements of Changes in Equity

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016    

 

     Share      Share      Retained           Total  
(In millions of won)    capital      premium      earnings     Reserves     equity  

Balances at January 1, 2016

   W 1,789,079      2,251,113      7,289,333     58     11,329,583
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

            

Profit for the year

     —          —          967,078     —         967,078

Other comprehensive income (loss)

            

Net change in fair value of available-for-sale financial assets, net of tax

     —          —          —         (58     (58

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities, net of tax

     —          —          117,752     —         117,752
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     —          —          117,752     (58     117,694
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) for the year

   W —          —          1,084,830     (58     1,084,772
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transaction with owners, recognized directly in equity

            

Dividends to equity holders

     —          —          (178,908     —         (178,908
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2016

   W 1,789,079      2,251,113      8,195,255     —         12,235,447
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at January 1, 2017

   W 1,789,079      2,251,113      8,195,255     —         12,235,447
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

            

Profit for the year

     —          —          1,779,721     —         1,779,721

Other comprehensive income (loss)

            

Remeasurements of net defined benefit liabilities, net of tax

     —          —          (7,001     —         (7,001
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive loss

     —          —          (7,001     —         (7,001
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income for the year

   W —          —          1,772,720     —         1,772,720
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Transaction with owners, recognized directly in equity

            

Dividends to equity holders

     —          —          (178,908     —         (178,908
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balances at December 31, 2017

   W 1,789,079      2,251,113      9,789,067     —         13,829,259
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the separate financial statements.    


B. Agenda 2: Appointment of Directors

- The following 3 candidates were proposed to be reappointed and newly appointed as directors.

2-1) Sung Sik Hwang (Outside Director )

 

    Date of birth: July, 1956

 

    Candidate for Outside Director: Yes

 

    Nominator: Outside Director Nomination Committee

 

    Appointment Term: 3 years

 

    Type of appointment: Reappointed

 

    Main experience: Vice President of Samil PwC Korea, President of Samchully

 

    Present position: Outside Director of LG Display

 

    Business Transaction with LG Display during the last 3 years: None

 

    Nationality: Korean

2-2) Byungho Lee (Outside Director)

 

    Date of birth: July, 1964

 

    Candidate for Outside Director: Yes

 

    Nominator: Outside Director Nomination Committee

 

    Appointment Term: 3 years

 

    Type of appointment: Newly Appointed

 

    Main experience: Head of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University

            Vice President, Optical Society of Korea

 

    Present position: Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University

 

    Business Transaction with LG Display during the last 3 years: None

 

    Nationality: Korean


2-3) Sang Beom Han (Standing Director)

 

    Date of birth: June, 1955

 

    Candidate for Outside Director: None

 

    Nominator: Board of Directors

 

    Appointment Term: 3 years

 

    Type of appointment: Reappointed

 

    Main experience: Head of TV Business Unit, LG Display

 

    Present position: CEO & President, LG Display

 

    Business Transaction with LG Display during the last 3 years: None

 

    Nationality: Korean

 

C. Agenda 3: Appointment of Audit Committee Members

- The following 1 candidate was proposed to be reappointed as Audit Committee Member.

Name: Sung Sik Hwang

 

    Date of birth: July, 1956

 

    Candidate for Outside Director: Yes

 

    Nominator: Board of Directors

 

    Appointment Term: 3 years

 

    Type of appointment: Reappointed

 

    Main experience: Vice President of Samil PwC Korea, President of Samchully

 

    Present position: Outside Director of LG Display

 

    Business Transaction with LG Display during the last 3 years: None

 

    Nationality: Korean


D. Agenda 4: Approval of Remuneration Limit for Directors

- Remuneration limit for directors in 2018 is for all 7 directors including 4 outside directors.

The remuneration limit in 2018 is same as that of 2017.

 

Category

   FY2017     FY2018  

Number of Directors (Number of Outside Directors)

     7 (4)       7 (4)  

Total Amount of Remuneration Limit

     KRW 8.5 billion       KRW 8.5 billion  

 

IV. Matters Relating to the Solicitor of Proxy

1. Matters Relating to the Solicitor of Proxy

A. Name of Solicitor: LG Display Co., Ltd.

B. Number of LG Display Shares Held by Solicitor: None

C. The Principal Shareholders of the Solicitor

 

Name of principal shareholder

   Relationship with LGD    Number of shares held    Ownership ratio  

LG Electronics Inc.

   Largest shareholder    135,625,000 (common stock)      37.90

Sang Beom Han

   Director (President, CEO)    31,355 (Common stock)      0.01

Sang Don Kim

   Director (CFO)    4,000 (Common stock)      0.00

Total

   —      135,660,355 (common stock)      37.91


2. Matters Relating to the Proxy

 

Name of Agents for the Proxy

   Won Jong Han    Daniel Kim

Number of Shares Held by Agents as of 2017 End.

   50   

Relationship with LGD

   Employee    Employee

3. Criteria for Shareholders Whom Proxy is Asked to

- All shareholders holding more than 10,000 shares of LGD common stock

4. Others

- The Period of Proxy Instruction: From Feb. 26, 2018 to Mar. 14, 2018 (Prior to the AGM day)


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

            LG Display Co., Ltd.
           

(Registrant)

 

Date: February 21, 2018      

By:   /s/ Heeyeon Kim

            (Signature)
            Name:  Heeyeon Kim
            Title:    Head of IR / Vice President