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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission file number 001-32559

 

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Maryland

Delaware

 

20-0191742

20-0242069

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

1000 Urban Center Drive, Suite 501

Birmingham, AL

 

35242

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(205) 969-3755

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

MPW

The New York Stock Exchange

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.    Yes      No                  MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.    Yes      No                  MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.    Yes      No                   MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.    Yes      No                  MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

  

Emerging growth company

 

MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

  

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in 12b-2 of the Act).

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.    Yes          No                  MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.    Yes      No  

As of June 30, 2019, the aggregate market value of the 392,133,979 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”), held by non-affiliates of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. was $6,838,816,594 based upon the last reported sale price of $17.44 on the New York Stock Exchange on that date. For purposes of the foregoing calculation only, all directors and executive officers of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. have been deemed affiliates.

As of February 21, 2020, 520,927,310 shares of Common Stock were outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 21, 2020 are incorporated by reference into Items 10 through 14 of Part III, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

A WARNING ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

3

 

 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

ITEM 1

 

Business

5

ITEM 1A.

 

Risk Factors

17

ITEM 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

35

ITEM 2.

 

Properties

36

ITEM 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

38

ITEM 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

38

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

ITEM 5.

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

39

ITEM 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

41

ITEM 7.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

44

ITEM 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

58

ITEM 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

60

ITEM 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

102

ITEM 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

102

ITEM 9B.

 

Other Information

103

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

ITEM 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

104

ITEM 11.

 

Executive Compensation

104

ITEM 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

104

ITEM 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

104

ITEM 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

104

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

ITEM 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

105

ITEM 16.

 

Form 10-K Summary

110

SIGNATURES

 

 

111

 

 

 

2


EXPLANATORY NOTE

This report combines the Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, of Medical Properties Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation, and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, through which Medical Properties Trust, Inc. conducts substantially all of its operations. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” “Medical Properties,” “MPT,” or “the Company” refer to Medical Properties Trust, Inc. together with its consolidated subsidiaries, including MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “our operating partnership” or “the operating partnership” refer to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

CAUTIONARY LANGUAGE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

We make forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans, and objectives. Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, are forward-looking by their nature:

 

our business strategy;

 

our projected operating results;

 

our ability to acquire, develop, and/or manage additional facilities in the United States (“U.S.”), Europe, Australia, or other foreign locations;

 

availability of suitable facilities to acquire or develop;

 

our ability to enter into, and the terms of, our prospective leases and loans;

 

our ability to raise additional funds through offerings of debt and equity securities, joint venture arrangements, and/or property disposals;

 

our ability to obtain future financing arrangements;

 

estimates relating to, and our ability to pay, future distributions;

 

our ability to service our debt and comply with all of our debt covenants;

 

our ability to compete in the marketplace;

 

lease rates and interest rates;

 

market trends;

 

projected capital expenditures; and

 

the impact of technology on our facilities, operations, and business.

The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions, and expectations of our future performance, taking into account information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions, and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity, and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these risks before you make an investment decision with respect to our common stock and other securities, along with, among others, the following factors that could cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements:

 

the factors referenced in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including those set forth under the sections captioned “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Business;”

 

the political, economic, business, real estate, and other market conditions of the U.S. (both national and local), Europe (in particular Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Portugal, and Switzerland), Australia, and other foreign jurisdictions;

 

the risk that a condition to closing under the agreements governing any or all of our outstanding transactions that have not closed as of the date hereof (including the transactions described in Note 8 to Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K) may not be satisfied;

 

the possibility that the anticipated benefits from any or all of the transactions we enter into will take longer to realize than expected or will not be realized at all;

 

the competitive environment in which we operate;

 

the execution of our business plan;

3


 

financing risks;

 

acquisition and development risks;

 

potential environmental contingencies and other liabilities;

 

adverse developments affecting the financial health of one or more of our tenants, including insolvency;

 

other factors affecting the real estate industry generally or the healthcare real estate industry in particular;

 

our ability to maintain MPT’s status as a REIT for federal and state income tax purposes;

 

our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;

 

changes in foreign currency exchange rates;

 

changes in federal, state, or local tax laws in the U.S., Europe, Australia or other jurisdictions in which we may own healthcare facilities;

 

healthcare and other regulatory requirements of the U.S., Europe, Australia, and other foreign countries; and

 

the political, economic, business, real estate, and other market conditions of the U.S., Europe, Australia, and other foreign jurisdictions in which we may own healthcare facilities, which may have a negative effect on the following, among other things:

 

the financial condition of our tenants, our lenders, or institutions that hold our cash balances, which may expose us to increased risks of default by these parties;

 

our ability to obtain equity or debt financing on attractive terms or at all, which may adversely impact our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities, refinance existing debt, and our future interest expense; and

 

the value of our real estate assets, which may limit our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices or obtain or maintain debt financing secured by our properties or on an unsecured basis.

When we use the words “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “will,” “could,” “intend,” or similar expressions, we are identifying forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we disclaim any obligation to update such statements or to publicly announce the result of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

4


PART I

ITEM 1.

Business

Overview

We are a self-advised real estate investment trust (“REIT”) formed in 2003 to acquire and develop net-leased healthcare facilities. We currently have investments in 388 facilities and approximately 41,000 licensed beds in 34 states in the U.S., in six countries in Europe, and across Australia. We have operated as a REIT since April 6, 2004, and accordingly, elected REIT status upon the filing of our calendar year 2004 federal income tax return. Medical Properties Trust, Inc. was incorporated under Maryland law on August 27, 2003, and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. was formed under Delaware law on September 10, 2003. We conduct substantially all of our business through MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

We acquire and develop healthcare facilities and lease the facilities to healthcare operating companies under long-term net leases, which require the tenant to bear most of the costs associated with the property. We also make mortgage loans to healthcare operators collateralized by their real estate assets. In addition, we selectively make other loans to certain of our operators through our taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRS”), the proceeds of which are typically used for acquisition and working capital purposes. Finally, from time to time, we acquire a profits or equity interest in our tenants that gives us a right to share in such tenants’ profits and losses. Our business model facilitates acquisitions and recapitalization, and allows operators of healthcare facilities to unlock the value of their real estate assets to fund facility improvements, technology upgrades, and other investments in operations.

Our investments in healthcare real estate, other loans, and any equity investments in our tenants are considered a single reportable segment as further discussed in Note 1 of Item 8 in Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. All of our investments are currently located in the U.S., Europe and Australia.

At December 31, 2019 and 2018, our total assets were made up of the following (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate owned (gross)

 

$

9,994,844

 

 

 

69.1

%

 

$

5,868,340

 

 

 

66.3

%

Mortgage loans

 

 

1,275,022

 

 

 

8.8

%

 

 

1,213,322

 

 

 

13.7

%

Other loans

 

 

544,832

 

 

 

3.8

%

 

 

373,198

 

 

 

4.2

%

Construction in progress

 

 

168,212

 

 

 

1.2

%

 

 

84,172

 

 

 

1.0

%

Other

 

 

2,484,421

 

 

 

17.1

%

 

 

1,304,611

 

 

 

14.8

%

Total assets(1)

 

$

14,467,331

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

8,843,643

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

(1)

At December 31, 2019, our total pro forma gross assets were $16.5 billion, which represents total assets plus accumulated depreciation and amortization adjusted for all binding real estate commitments and unfunded amounts on development deals and commenced capital improvement projects at December 31, 2019 – see section titled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Revenue by Property Type:

The following is our revenue by property type for the year ended December 31 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

 

 

 

General acute care hospitals

 

$

741,232

 

 

 

86.8

%

 

$

596,426

 

 

 

76.0

%

 

$

488,764

 

 

 

69.4

%

Inpatient rehabilitation hospitals

 

 

83,515

 

 

 

9.8

%

 

 

158,193

 

 

 

20.2

%

 

 

173,149

 

 

 

24.6

%

Long-term acute care hospitals

 

 

29,450

 

 

 

3.4

%

 

 

29,903

 

 

 

3.8

%

 

 

42,832

 

 

 

6.0

%

Total revenues(1)