10-K 1 d267169d10k.htm FORM 10-K FORM 10-K
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

 

þ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 001-32559

 

 

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Maryland

Delaware

 

20-0191742

20-0242069

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

1000 Urban Center Drive, Suite 501

Birmingham, AL

  35242
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(205) 969-3755

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share of

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

  New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment of this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

(Medical Properties Trust Inc. only)

  þ      Accelerated filer   ¨

Non-accelerated filer

(MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. only)

  þ   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ

As of June 30, 2011, the aggregate market value of the 111,712,079 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”), held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $1,284,688,909 based upon the last reported sale price of $11.50 on the New York Stock Exchange. For purposes of the foregoing calculation only, all directors and executive officers of the registrant have been deemed affiliates.

As of February 22, 2012, 135,275,389 shares of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. Common Stock were outstanding.

 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 17, 2012 are incorporated by reference into Items 10 through 14 of Part III, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

A WARNING ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

     1   
PART I   

ITEM 1

  Business      2   

ITEM 1A.

  Risk Factors      10   

ITEM 1B.

  Unresolved Staff Comments      27   

ITEM 2.

  Properties      27   

ITEM 3.   

  Legal Proceedings      29   

ITEM 4.   

  Not Applicable      29   
PART II   

ITEM 5.   

  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      30   

ITEM 6.   

  Selected Financial Data      31   

ITEM 7.   

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation      36   

ITEM 7A.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      51   

ITEM 8.   

  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      53   

ITEM 9.   

  Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      99   

ITEM 9A.

  Controls and Procedures      99   

ITEM 9B.

  Other Information      100   
PART III   

ITEM 10.

  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      101   

ITEM 11.

  Executive Compensation      101   

ITEM 12.

  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      101   

ITEM 13.

  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      101   

ITEM 14.

  Principal Accountant Fees and Services      101   
PART IV   

ITEM 15.

  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      102   
SIGNATURES        106   


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

This report combines the Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 of Medical Properties Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation, and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, through which Medical Properties Trust, Inc. conducts substantially all of its operations. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” “Medical Properties,” “MPT,” or “the Company” refer to Medical Properties Trust, Inc. together with its consolidated subsidiaries, including MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “our operating partnership” or “the operating partnership” refer to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

A WARNING ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

We make forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, are forward-looking by their nature:

 

   

our business strategy;

 

   

our projected operating results;

 

   

our ability to complete the Ernest Acquisition (as described herein) on the time schedule or terms described herein or at all;

 

   

our ability to acquire or develop net-leased facilities;

 

   

availability of suitable facilities to acquire or develop;

 

   

our ability to enter into, and the terms of, our prospective leases and loans;

 

   

our ability to raise additional funds through offerings of our debt and equity securities;

 

   

our ability to obtain future financing arrangements;

 

   

estimates relating to, and our ability to pay, future distributions;

 

   

our ability to compete in the marketplace;

 

   

lease rates and interest rates;

 

   

market trends;

 

   

projected capital expenditures; and

 

   

the impact of technology on our facilities, operations and business.

The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. You should carefully consider these risks before you make an investment decision with respect to our common stock and other securities, along with, among others, the following factors that could cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements:

 

   

the risk that a condition to closing under the agreement governing the Ernest Acquisition may not be satisfied;

 

   

the possibility that the anticipated benefits from the Ernest Acquisition will take longer to realize than expected or will not be realized at all;

 

   

the factors referenced in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including those set forth under the sections captioned “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Business;”

 

   

national and local economic, business, real estate, and other market conditions;

 

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the competitive environment in which we operate;

 

   

the execution of our business plan;

 

   

financing risks;

 

   

acquisition and development risks;

 

   

potential environmental contingencies, and other liabilities;

 

   

other factors affecting the real estate industry generally or the healthcare real estate industry in particular;

 

   

our ability to maintain our status as a real estate investment trust, or REIT for federal and state income tax purposes;

 

   

our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;

 

   

federal and state healthcare and other regulatory requirements; and

 

   

the continuing impact of the recent economic recession, which may have a negative effect on the following, among other things:

 

   

the financial condition of our tenants, our lenders and institutions that hold our cash balances, which may expose us to increased risks of default by these parties;

 

   

our ability to obtain equity or debt financing on attractive terms or at all, which may adversely impact our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt and our future interest expense; and

 

   

the value of our real estate assets, which may limit our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices or obtain or maintain debt financing secured by our properties or on an unsecured basis.

When we use the words “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “potential,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “will,” “could,” “intend” or similar expressions, we are identifying forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we disclaim any obligation to update such statements or to publicly announce the result of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to reflect future events or developments.

PART I

 

ITEM 1. Business

Overview

We are a self-advised real estate investment trust (“REIT”) focused on investing in and owning net-leased healthcare facilities across the United States. We have operated as a REIT since April 6, 2004, and accordingly, elected REIT status upon the filing of our calendar year 2004 federal income tax return. Medical Properties Trust, Inc. was incorporated under Maryland law on August 27, 2004, and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. was formed under Delaware law on September 10, 2003. We conduct substantially all of our business through MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. We acquire and develop healthcare facilities and lease the facilities to healthcare operating companies under long-term net leases, which require the tenant to bear most of the costs associated with the property. We also make mortgage loans to healthcare operators collateralized by their real estate assets. In addition, we selectively make loans to certain of our operators through our taxable REIT subsidiaries, the proceeds of which are used for acquisitions and working capital. Finally, from time to time, we acquire a profits or other equity interest in our tenants that gives us a right to share in such tenant’s profits and losses.

Our investment in healthcare real estate, including mortgage loans and other loans to certain of our tenants, as well as any equity investments in our tenants is considered a single reportable segment as further discussed in Note 1 of Item 8 in Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. At December 31, 2011, we had $1.5 billion invested in healthcare real estate and related assets.

 

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All of our investments are currently located in the United States. The following is our revenue by property type for the year ended December 31 (dollars in thousands):

Revenue by property type:

 

     2011             2010             2009         

General Acute Care Hospitals

   $ 87,922         61.4%       $ 75,181         64.2%       $ 77,671         68.1%   

Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals

     35,616         24.9%         26,605         22.7%         25,031         21.9%   

Rehabilitation Hospitals

     16,389         11.4%         12,390         10.6%         8,227         7.2%   

Wellness Centers

     1,661         1.1%         1,315         1.1%         1,449         1.3%   

Medical Office Buildings

     1,731         1.2%         1,706         1.4%         1,660         1.5%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 143,319         100.0%       $ 117,197         100.0%       $ 114,038         100.0%   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

See “Overview” in Item 7 of this Form 10-K for details of transaction activity for 2011, 2010 and 2009.

Portfolio of Properties

As of February 22, 2012, our portfolio consists of 62 properties: 55 facilities (of the 60 facilities that we own) are leased to 20 tenants, one is presently not under lease, four are under development, and the remainder are in the form of mortgage loans to one operator. Our owned facilities consist of 25 general acute care hospitals, 19 long-term acute care hospitals, eight inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, two medical office buildings, and six wellness centers. The non-owned facilities on which we have made mortgage loans consist of general acute care facilities.

At December 31, 2011, no one property accounted for more than 5.6% of our total assets.

Impact of Ernest Acquisition

On January 31, 2012, we entered into definitive agreements to make loans to and acquire assets from Ernest Health, Inc. (“Ernest”) and to make an equity contribution to the parent of Ernest for a combined purchase price and investment of $396.5 million, consisting of $200 million to purchase real estate assets, a first mortgage loan of $100 million, an acquisition loan for $93.2 million and a capital contribution of $3.3 million. On February 29, 2012, we closed and funded this acquisition and related investments.

Pursuant to a definitive real property asset purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”), we acquired from Ernest and certain of its subsidiaries (i) a portfolio of five rehabilitation facilities (including a ground lease interest relating to a community-based acute rehabilitation facility in Wyoming), (ii) seven long-term acute care facilities located in seven states and (iii) undeveloped land in Provo, Utah (collectively, the “Acquired Facilities”) for an aggregate purchase price of $200 million, subject to certain adjustments. The Acquired Facilities will be leased to subsidiaries of Ernest pursuant to a master lease agreement. The master lease agreement has a 20-year term with three five-year extension options and provides for an initial rental rate of 9%, with consumer price-indexed increases, limited to a 2% floor and 5% ceiling annually thereafter. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we also made Ernest a $100 million loan secured by a first mortgage interest in four subsidiaries of Ernest, which has terms similar to the leasing terms described above. We refer to these transactions collectively as the “Ernest Acquisition.”

After giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition, as of December 31, 2011, our portfolio would have consisted of 78 properties: 67 facilities (of the 72 facilities that we own, of which two are subject to long-term ground leases) were leased to 21 tenants, one was not under lease as it was under re-development, four were under development, and the remaining assets were in the form of first mortgage loans to two operators.

 

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Outlook and Strategy

Our strategy is to lease the facilities that we acquire or develop to experienced healthcare operators pursuant to long-term net leases. Alternatively, we have structured certain of our investments as long-term, interest-only mortgage loans to healthcare operators, and we may make similar investments in the future. In addition, we have obtained and will continue to obtain profits or other interests in certain of our tenants’ operations in order to enhance our overall return. The market for healthcare real estate is extensive and includes real estate owned by a variety of healthcare operators. We focus on acquiring and developing those net-leased facilities that are specifically designed to reflect the latest trends in healthcare delivery methods. These facilities include but are not limited to: physical rehabilitation hospitals, long-term acute care hospitals, general acute care hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, and other single-discipline healthcare facilities, such as heart hospitals and orthopedic hospitals.

Healthcare is the single largest industry in the United States (“U.S.”) based on Gross Domestic Product (“GDP”). According to the National Health Expenditures report dated January 2011 by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: (i) national health expenditures are projected to grow 4.3% in 2012; (ii) the average compound annual growth rate for national health expenditures, over the projection period of 2010 through 2020, is anticipated to be 5.8%; and (iii) the healthcare industry is projected to represent 17.6% of U.S. GDP in 2012.

The delivery of healthcare services requires real estate and, as a consequence, healthcare providers depend on real estate to maintain and grow their businesses. We believe that the healthcare real estate market provides investment opportunities due to the:

 

   

compelling demographics driving the demand for healthcare services;

 

   

specialized nature of healthcare real estate investing; and

 

   

consolidation of the fragmented healthcare real estate sector.

Our revenue is derived from rents we earn pursuant to the lease agreements with our tenants, from interest income from loans to our tenants and other facility owners and from profits or equity interests in certain of our tenants’ operations. Our tenants and borrowers operate in the healthcare industry, generally providing medical, surgical and rehabilitative care to patients. The capacity of our tenants to pay our rents and interest is dependent upon their ability to conduct their operations at profitable levels. We believe that the business environment of the industry segments in which our tenants operate is generally positive for efficient operators. However, our tenants’ operations are subject to economic, regulatory and market conditions that may affect their profitability. Accordingly, we monitor certain key factors, changes to which we believe may provide early indications of conditions that may affect the level of risk in our lease and loan portfolio.

Key factors that we consider in underwriting prospective tenants and borrowers and in monitoring the performance of existing tenants and borrowers include the following:

 

   

admission levels and surgery/procedure/diagnosis volumes by type;

 

   

the current, historical and prospective operating margins (measured by a tenant’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and facility rent) of each tenant or borrower and at each facility;

 

   

the ratio of our tenants’ and borrowers’ operating earnings both to facility rent and to facility rent plus other fixed costs, including debt costs;

 

   

trends in the source of our tenants’ or borrowers’ revenue, including the relative mix of Medicare, Medicaid/MediCal, managed care, commercial insurance, and private pay patients;

 

   

the effect of evolving healthcare legislation and other regulations on our tenants’ and borrowers’ profitability and liquidity; and

 

   

the competition and demographics of the local and surrounding areas in which the tenants and borrowers operate.

 

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Our Leases and Loans

The leases for our facilities are “net” leases with terms generally requiring the tenant to pay all ongoing operating and maintenance expenses of the facility, including property, casualty, general liability and other insurance coverages, utilities and other charges incurred in the operation of the facilities, as well as real estate and certain other taxes, ground lease rent (if any) and the costs of capital expenditures, repairs and maintenance (including any repairs mandated by regulatory requirements). Similarly, borrowers under our mortgage loan arrangements retain the responsibilities of ownership, including physical maintenance and improvements and all costs and expenses. Our leases and loans also provide that our tenants will indemnify us for environmental liabilities. Our current leases and loans have a weighted-average remaining initial lease term of 10.7 years (see Item 2 for more information on remaining lease terms). Based on current monthly revenue, approximately 26% of our leases and loans provide for annual rent or interest escalations based on increases in the U.S. Consumer Price Index, while 61% of our leases and loans provide for minimum annual rent or interest escalations ranging from 1% to 5%. In certain other cases we have arrangements that provide for additional rents based on the level of our tenants’ revenue. Finally, in some instances, we have profit or equity interests in our tenants to enhance our overall return.

Significant Tenants

At December 31, 2011, we had leases with 20 hospital operating companies covering 55 facilities and we had two mortgage loans with one hospital operating company.

Affiliates of Prime Healthcare Services, Inc. (“Prime”) leased 10 of these facilities. Each of our leases with Prime contains annual escalation provisions that are generally tied to the U.S. Consumer Price Index, limited in certain instances to minimum and maximum increases. At December 31, 2011, these facilities had an average remaining initial lease term of approximately eight years, which can be extended for three additional periods of five years each, at the tenant’s option. These leases contain options for the tenant to purchase the facilities at the end of the lease term, if no default has occurred, at prices generally at least equal to our purchase price of the facility. In addition to leases, we hold a mortgage loan on two facilities owned by affiliates of Prime that will mature in 2022. The terms and provisions of this loan are generally equivalent to the terms and provisions of our Prime lease arrangements. Prime represented 25.3% of our total assets at December 31, 2011, down from 26.7% at December 31, 2010.

At December 31, 2011, Vibra Healthcare, LLC (“Vibra”) leased six of our facilities. Four of these leases contain annual escalation provisions that are generally tied to the U.S. Consumer Price Index with minimum annual escalations of between 2.5% and 2.65%. Two facility leases provide for 2.65% annual escalations. These facilities have an average remaining initial term of approximately 12 years, but under certain conditions may be extended for three additional periods of five years each, at the tenant’s option. All but one of these leases contain options for the tenant to purchase the facilities at the end of the lease term, if no default has occurred, at prices generally equal to the greater of fair value or our purchase price increased by a certain annual rate of return from lease commencement date. Vibra represented 7.9% of our total assets at December 31, 2011, down from 9.96% at December 31, 2010.

No other tenant accounted for more than 8% of our total assets at December 31, 2011.

After giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition and related financings (as more fully described in Note 13 of Item 8 of this Form 10-K), Prime and Ernest represent our two largest tenants. At December 31, 2011, and after giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition, our investment in Prime and Ernest would have represented 19.4% and 18.8% of our total assets, respectively; while Vibra would have represented 6.0%.

 

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Environmental Matters

Under various federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations, a current or previous owner, operator or tenant of real estate may be required to investigate and remediate hazardous or toxic substances or petroleum product releases or threats of releases. Such laws also impose certain obligations and liabilities on property owners with respect to asbestos containing materials. These laws may impose remediation responsibility and liability without regard to fault, or whether or not the owner, operator or tenant knew of or caused the presence of the contamination. Investigation, remediation and monitoring costs may be substantial and can exceed the value of the property. The presence of contamination or the failure to properly remediate contamination on a property may adversely affect our ability to sell or rent that property or to borrow funds using such property as collateral and may adversely impact our investment in that property.

Generally, prior to completing any acquisition or closing any mortgage loan, we obtain Phase I environmental assessments in order to attempt to identify potential environmental concerns at the facilities. These assessments are carried out in accordance with an appropriate level of due diligence and generally include a physical site inspection, a review of relevant federal, state and local environmental and health agency database records, one or more interviews with appropriate site-related personnel, review of the property’s chain of title and review of historic aerial photographs and other information on past uses of the property. We may also conduct limited subsurface investigations and test for substances of concern where the results of the Phase I environmental assessments or other information indicates possible contamination or where our consultants recommend such procedures.

California Seismic Standards

California’s Alfred E. Alquist Hospital Facilities Seismic Safety Act of 1973 (the “Alquist Act”) required that the California Building Standards Commission adopt earthquake performance categories, seismic evaluation procedures, standards and timeframes for upgrading certain facilities, and seismic retrofit building standards. These regulations required hospitals to meet certain seismic performance standards to ensure that they are capable of providing medical services to the public after an earthquake or other disaster. The Building Standards Commission completed its adoption of evaluation criteria and retrofit standards in 1998. The Alquist Act required the Building Standards Commission adopt certain evaluation criteria and retrofit standards:

1) Hospitals in California must conduct seismic evaluations and submit these evaluations to the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (“OSHPD”), Facilities Development Division for its review and approval;

2) Hospitals in California must identify the most critical nonstructural systems that represent the greatest risk of failure during an earthquake and submit timetables for upgrading these systems to the OSHPD, Facilities Development Division for its review and approval; and

3) Hospitals in California must prepare a plan and compliance schedule for each regulated building demonstrating the steps a hospital will take to bring the hospital buildings into substantial compliance with the regulations and standards.

Within the past several years, engineering studies were conducted at our hospitals to determine whether and to what extent modifications to the hospital facilities will be required. These studies were commissioned by our tenants, and it was determined that, for some of our facilities, capital expenditures may be required in the future to comply with the seismic standards.

Since the original Alquist Act, several amendments have been adopted that have modified the requirements of seismic safety standards and deadlines for compliance. OSHPD is currently implementing a voluntary program to re-evaluate the seismic risk of hospital buildings classified as Structural Performance Category (“SPC-1”). Buildings classified as SPC-1 are considered hazardous and at risk of collapse in the event of an earthquake and must be retrofitted, replaced or removed from providing acute care services by January 1, 2013. However, Senate Bill 499 was signed into law in October 2009 that provides for a number of seismic relief

 

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measures, including reclassifying HAZUS, a state-of-the-art loss estimation methodology, thresholds, which will enable more SPC-1 buildings to be reclassified as SPC-2, a lower seismic risk category. The SPC-2 buildings would have until January 1, 2030 to comply with the structural seismic safety standards. Any buildings that are denied reclassification will remain in the SPC-1 category, and these buildings must meet seismic compliance standards by January 1, 2013, unless further extensions are granted. Furthermore, the AB 306 legislation permits OSHPD to grant an extension to acute care hospitals that lack the financial capacity to meet the January 1, 2013 retrofit deadline, and instead, requires them to replace those buildings by January 1, 2020.

Exclusive of some minor modifications totaling less than $1.0 million to be made at three facilities, all of our California tenants (and building structures) are seismically compliant through 2030 as determined by OSHPD. Under our current leases, our tenants are fully responsible for any capital expenditures in connection with seismic laws. Thus, we do not expect the California seismic standards to have a significant negative impact on our financial condition or cash flows.

Competition

We compete in acquiring and developing facilities with financial institutions, other lenders, real estate developers, other REITs, other public and private real estate companies and private real estate investors. Among the factors adversely affecting our ability to compete are the following:

 

   

we may have less knowledge than our competitors of certain markets in which we seek to invest in or develop facilities;

 

   

many of our competitors have greater financial and operational resources than we have;

 

   

our competitors or other entities may pursue a strategy similar to ours; and

 

   

some of our competitors may have existing relationships with our potential customers.

To the extent that we experience vacancies in our facilities, we will also face competition in leasing those facilities to prospective tenants. The actual competition for tenants varies depending on the characteristics of each local market. Virtually all of our facilities operate in highly competitive environments, and patients and referral sources, including physicians, may change their preferences for healthcare facilities from time to time.

Insurance

We have purchased contingent general liability insurance (lessor’s risk) that provides coverage for bodily injury and property damage to third parties resulting from our ownership of the healthcare facilities that are leased to and occupied by our tenants. Our leases with tenants also require the tenants to carry property, general liability, professional liability, loss of earnings and other insurance coverages and to name us as an additional insured under these policies. We believe that the policy specifications and insured limits are appropriate given the relative risk of loss, the cost of the coverage and industry practice.

 

Healthcare Regulatory Matters

The following discussion describes certain material federal healthcare laws and regulations that may affect our operations and those of our tenants. However, the discussion does not address state healthcare laws and regulations, except as otherwise indicated. These state laws and regulations, like the federal healthcare laws and regulations, could affect the operations of our tenants and, accordingly, our operations. In addition, in some instances we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations and, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted by such laws and regulations. Moreover, the discussion relating to reimbursement for healthcare services addresses matters that are subject to frequent review and revision by Congress and the agencies responsible for administering federal payment programs. Consequently, predicting future reimbursement trends or changes is inherently difficult.

 

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Ownership and operation of hospitals and other healthcare facilities are subject, directly and indirectly, to substantial federal, state and local government healthcare laws and regulations. Our tenants’ failure to comply with these laws and regulations could adversely affect their ability to meet their lease obligations. Physician investment in us or in our facilities also will be subject to such laws and regulations. Although we are not a healthcare provider or in a position to influence the referral of patients or ordering of services reimbursable by the federal government, to the extent that a healthcare provider engages in transactions without tenants, such as sublease or other financial arrangements, the Anti-Kickback Statute and the Stark Law (both discussed below) could be implicated. Our leases require the lessees to comply with all applicable laws, including healthcare laws. We intend for all of our business activities and operations to conform in all material respects with all applicable laws and regulations, including healthcare laws and regulations.

Applicable Laws

Anti-Kickback Statute. The federal Anti-Kickback Statute (codified at 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(b)) prohibits, among other things, the offer, payment, solicitation or acceptance of remuneration directly or indirectly in return for referring an individual to a provider of services for which payment may be made in whole or in part under a federal healthcare program, including the Medicare or Medicaid programs. Violation of the Anti-Kickback Statute is a crime, punishable by fines of up to $25,000 per violation, five years imprisonment, or both. Violations may also result in civil sanctions, including civil penalties of up to $50,000 per violation, exclusion from participation in federal healthcare programs, including Medicare and Medicaid, and additional monetary penalties in amounts treble to the underlying remuneration.

The Office of Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services (“OIG”) has issued “Safe Harbor Regulations” that describe practices that will not be considered violations of the Anti-Kickback Statute. Nevertheless, the fact that a particular arrangement does not meet safe harbor requirements does not mean that the arrangement violates the Anti-Kickback Statute. Rather, the safe harbor regulations simply provide a guaranty that qualifying arrangements will not be prosecuted under the Anti-Kickback Statute. We intend to use commercially reasonable efforts to structure lease arrangements involving facilities in which local physicians are investors and tenants, and other arrangements with physicians, so as to satisfy, or meet as closely as possible, safe harbor conditions. We cannot assure you, however, that we will meet all the conditions for the safe harbor.

Physician Self-Referral Statute (“Stark Law”). Any physicians investing in our Company or its subsidiary entities could also be subject to the Ethics in Patient Referrals Act of 1989, or the Stark Law (codified at 42 U.S.C. § 1395nn). Unless subject to an exception, the Stark Law prohibits a physician from making a referral to an “entity” furnishing “designated health services,” including inpatient and outpatient hospital services, clinical laboratory services and radiology services, paid by Medicare or Medicaid if the physician or a member of his immediate family has a “financial relationship” with that entity. A reciprocal prohibition bars the entity from billing Medicare or Medicaid for any services furnished pursuant to a prohibited referral. Sanctions for violating the Stark Law include denial of payment, refunding amounts received for services provided pursuant to prohibited referrals, civil monetary penalties of up to $15,000 per prohibited service provided, and exclusion from the Medicare and Medicaid programs. The statute also provides for a penalty of up to $100,000 for a circumvention scheme.

There are exceptions to the self-referral prohibition for many of the customary financial arrangements between physicians and providers, including employment contracts, leases and recruitment agreements. Unlike safe harbors under the Anti-Kickback Statute, an arrangement must comply with every requirement of a Stark Law exception or the arrangement is in violation of the Stark Law.

CMS has issued multiple phases of final regulations implementing the Stark Law and continues to make changes to these regulations. While these regulations help clarify the exceptions to the Stark Law, it is unclear how the government will interpret many of these exceptions for enforcement purposes. Although our lease agreements require lessees to comply with the Stark Law, and we intend for facilities to comply with the Stark Law where we

 

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own an interest in our tenants’ operations, we cannot offer assurance that the arrangements entered into by us and our facilities will be found to be in compliance with the Stark Law, as it ultimately may be implemented or interpreted.

False Claims Act. The federal False Claims Act prohibits the making or presenting of any false claim for payment to the federal government; it is the civil equivalent to federal criminal provisions prohibiting the submission of false claims to federally funded programs. Additionally, qui tam, or whistleblower, provisions of the federal False Claims Act allow private individuals to bring actions on behalf of the government alleging that the defendant has defrauded the federal government. Whistleblowers may collect a portion of the government’s recovery — an incentive which increases the frequency of such actions. A successful False Claims Act case may result in a penalty of three times actual damages, plus additional civil penalties payable to the government, plus reimbursement of the fees of counsel for the whistleblower. Many states have enacted similar statutes preventing the presentation of a false claim to a state government, and we expect more to do so because the Social Security Act provides a financial incentive for states to enact statutes establishing state level liability.

The Civil Monetary Penalties Law. The Civil Monetary Penalties law prohibits the knowing presentation of a claim for certain healthcare services that is false or fraudulent. The penalties include a monetary civil penalty of up to $10,000 for each item or service, $15,000 for each individual with respect to whom false or misleading information was given, as well as treble damages for the total amount of remuneration claimed.

Licensure. The tenant operators of the healthcare facilities in our portfolio are subject to extensive federal, state and local licensure, certification and inspection laws and regulations. Further, various licenses and permits are required to dispense narcotics, operate pharmacies, handle radioactive materials and operate equipment. Failure to comply with any of these laws could result in loss of licensure, certification or accreditation, denial of reimbursement, imposition of fines, suspension or decertification from federal and state healthcare programs.

EMTALA. All of our healthcare facilities that provide emergency care are subject to the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (“EMTALA”). This federal law requires such facilities to conduct an appropriate medical screening examination of every individual who presents to the hospital’s emergency room for treatment and, if the individual is suffering from an emergency medical condition, to either stabilize the condition or make an appropriate transfer of the individual to a facility able to handle the condition. The obligation to screen and stabilize emergency medical conditions exists regardless of an individual’s ability to pay for treatment. There are severe penalties under EMTALA if a hospital fails to screen or appropriately stabilize or transfer an individual or if the hospital delays appropriate treatment in order to first inquire about the individual’s ability to pay. Liability for violations of EMTALA includes, among other things, civil monetary penalties and exclusion from participation in the Medicare program. Our lease agreements require lessees to comply with EMTALA, and we believe our tenants conduct business in substantial compliance with EMTALA.

Regulatory and Legislative Developments. Healthcare continues to attract intense legislative and public interest. Many states have enacted, or are considering enacting, measures designed to reduce their Medicaid expenditures and change private healthcare insurance, and states continue to face significant challenges in maintaining appropriate levels of Medicaid funding due to state budget shortfalls. Healthcare facility operating margins may continue to be under significant pressure due to the deterioration in pricing flexibility and payor mix, as well as increases in operating expenses that exceed increases in payments under the Medicare program. More importantly, restrictions on admissions to inpatient rehabilitation facilities and long-term acute care hospitals may continue. We cannot predict whether any such initiatives will impact the business of our tenants, or whether our business will be adversely impacted. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenant operators, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

Health Reform Measures. On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Seven days later, on March 30, 2010, President Obama approved the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act (hereinafter these acts are referred to collectively as the “Reform Law”). A detailed discussion of the Reform Law is not provided herein. However, generally, this legislation

 

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seeks to provide universal health insurance coverage through tax subsidies, expanded federal health insurance programs, individual and employer mandates for health insurance coverage, and health insurance exchanges. The Reform Law also includes cuts to federal health care program funding, as well as heightened regulations on insurers and pharmaceutical companies. Various cost containment initiatives were adopted, including quality control and payment system refinements for federal programs, such as expansion of pay-for-performance criteria and value-based purchasing programs, bundled provider payments, accountable care organizations, geographic payment variations, comparative effectiveness research, and lower payments for hospital readmissions. Finally, heightened health information technology standards will be required for healthcare providers.

With respect to long term acute care hospitals (“LTACHs”), and inpatient rehabilitation facilities (“IRFs”), which account for a significant percentage of our tenants, the Reform Law also requires that LTACHs and IRFs report quality data to be set forth by the Secretary of Health and Human Services or face payment reductions beginning in rate year/fiscal year 2014.

However, the United States Supreme Court will hear arguments on the Reform Law over a three-day span in late March 2012. It is anticipated that the court will issue a ruling in June 2012. The court will hear arguments on four issues: 1) whether it can reach a decision on the Reform Law before 2014 (a separate federal law may prevent the court from ruling until the individual mandate has taken effect); 2) whether the mandate is unconstitutional; 3) how much, if any, of the Reform Law’s other provisions can be upheld if the mandate is unconstitutional; and 4) whether the Reform Law’s Medicaid expansion is constitutional. Thus, there is a possibility that part or all of the Reform Law will not go into effect.

Nevertheless, if upheld, the Reform Law will ultimately lead to significant changes in the healthcare system. We cannot predict the possible impact on our business of this legislation, as some aspects could benefit the operations of our tenants, while other aspects could present challenges.

Employees

We have 29 employees as of February 22, 2012. We believe that any adjustments to the number of our employees will have only immaterial effects on our operations and general and administrative expenses. We believe that our relations with our employees are good. None of our employees are members of any union.

Available Information

Our website address is www.medicalpropertiestrust.com and provides access in the “Investor Relations” section, free of charge, to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, including exhibits, and all amendments to these reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. Also available on our website, free of charge, are our Corporate Governance Guidelines, the charters of our Ethics, Nominating and Corporate Governance, Audit and Compensation Committees and our Code of Ethics and Business Conduct. If you are not able to access our website, the information is available in print free of charge to any stockholder who should request the information directly from us at (205) 969-3755.

 

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

The risks and uncertainties described herein are not the only ones facing us and there may be additional risks that we do not presently know of or that we currently consider not likely to have a significant impact on us. All of these risks could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

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RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND GROWTH STRATEGY

Adverse economic and geopolitical conditions and dislocations in the credit markets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and ability to pay distributions to stockholders.

The global economy has recently experienced unprecedented levels of volatility, dislocation in the credit markets, and recessionary pressures. These conditions, or similar conditions that may exist in the future, may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, share price and ability to pay distributions to our stockholders. Among other potential consequences, such a financial crisis may materially adversely affect:

 

   

our ability to borrow on terms and conditions that we find acceptable, or at all, which could reduce our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt, reduce our returns from our acquisition and development activities and increase our future interest expense;

 

   

the financial condition of our borrowers, tenants and investees, which may result in defaults under loans or leases due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, operational failures or for other reasons;

 

   

interest rates for those tenants in which we have an equity interest, a portion of which may be passed onto us in the form of lower returns on our investment;

 

   

the values of our properties and our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices or to obtain debt financing collateralized by our properties; and

 

   

the value and liquidity of our short-term investments and cash deposits, including as a result of a deterioration of the financial condition of the institutions that hold our cash deposits or the institutions or assets in which we have made short-term investments, the dislocation of the markets for our short-term investments, increased volatility in market rates for such investment or other factors.

Limited access to capital may restrict our growth.

Our business plan contemplates growth through acquisitions and development of facilities. As a REIT, we are required to make cash distributions, which reduce our ability to fund acquisitions and developments with retained earnings. We are dependent on acquisition financing and access to the capital markets for cash to make investments in new facilities. Due to market or other conditions, we may have limited access to capital from the equity and debt markets. We may not be able to obtain additional equity or debt capital or dispose of assets on favorable terms, if at all, at the time we need additional capital to acquire healthcare properties or to meet our obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition and may otherwise adversely impact our business operations and our ability to make distributions to stockholders.

As of December 31, 2011, we had $689.8 million of debt outstanding. As of February 22, 2012 (and after giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition and related financings completed to-date), we had liquidity available to us of approximately $780 million, total outstanding indebtedness of approximately $840.0 million, and $457.8 million in unfunded commitments.

Our indebtedness could have significant effects on our business. For example, it could:

 

   

require us to use a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to service our indebtedness, which would reduce the available cash flow to fund working capital, development projects and other general corporate purposes and reduce cash for distributions;

 

   

require payments of principal and interest that may be greater than our cash flow from operations;

 

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force us to dispose of one or more of our properties, possibly on disadvantageous terms, to make payments on our debt;

 

   

increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions; limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;

 

   

restrict us from making strategic acquisitions or exploiting other business opportunities;

 

   

make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations; and

 

   

place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt.

Our future borrowings under our loan facilities may bear interest at variable rates in addition to the $89.6 million in variable interest rate debt (excluding any debt we have fixed with interest rate swaps) that we had outstanding as of December 31, 2011. If interest rates increase significantly, our ability to borrow additional funds may be reduced and the risk related to our indebtedness would intensify.

Our use of debt financing will subject us to significant risks, including refinancing risk and the risk of insufficient cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

Most of our current debt is, and we anticipate that much of our future debt will be, non-amortizing and payable in balloon payments. Therefore, we will likely need to refinance at least a portion of that debt as it matures. There is a risk that we may not be able to refinance then-existing debt or that the terms of any refinancing will not be as favorable as the terms of the then-existing debt. If principal payments due at maturity cannot be refinanced, extended or repaid with proceeds from other sources, such as new equity capital or sales of facilities, our cash flow may not be sufficient to repay all maturing debt in years when significant balloon payments come due. Additionally, we may incur significant penalties if we choose to prepay the debt.

Covenants in our debt instruments limit our operational flexibility, and a breach of these covenants could materially affect our financial condition and results of operations.

The terms of our unsecured credit facility, the indentures governing our outstanding exchangeable senior notes and unsecured senior notes and other debt instruments that we may enter into in the future are subject to customary financial and operational covenants. For example, our unsecured credit facility imposes certain restrictions on us, including restrictions on our ability to: incur debts; create or incur liens; provide guarantees in respect of obligations of any other entity; make redemptions and repurchases of our capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase debt; engage in mergers or consolidations; enter into affiliated transactions; dispose of real estate; and change our business. In addition, the credit agreement governing our revolving credit facility limits the amount of dividends we can pay to 120% of normalized adjusted funds from operations, as defined in the agreements, on a rolling four quarter basis starting for the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2012. Thereafter, a similar dividend restriction exists but the percentage drops each quarter until reaching 95% at March 31, 2013. The indenture governing our 2011 senior unsecured notes also limits the amount of dividends we can pay based on the sum of 95% of funds from operations, proceeds of equity issuances and certain other net cash proceeds. Finally, our 2011 senior unsecured notes (along with the senior unsecured notes entered into in 2012 in connection with the Ernest acquisition) require us to maintain total unencumbered assets (as defined in the related indenture) of not less than 150% of our unsecured indebtedness. Our continued ability to incur debt and operate our business is subject to compliance with the covenants in our debt instruments, which limit operational flexibility. Breaches of these covenants could result in defaults under applicable debt instruments, even if payment obligations are satisfied. Financial and other covenants that limit our operational flexibility, as well as defaults resulting from a breach of any of these covenants in our debt instruments, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes may adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Excluding our 2006 senior unsecured notes, as of December 31, 2011, we had $89.6 million in variable interest rate debt and $39.6 million at February 22, 2012, which constitutes 6.2% of our overall indebtedness and subjects us to interest rate volatility. We may seek to manage our exposure to interest rate volatility by using interest rate hedging arrangements, such as the $125.0 million of interest rate swaps entered into in 2010 to fix the interest rate on our 2006 senior unsecured notes. However, even these hedging arrangements involve risk, including the risk that counterparties may fail to honor their obligations under these arrangements, that these arrangements may not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes and that these arrangements may result in higher interest rates than we would otherwise have. Moreover, no hedging activity can completely insulate us from the risks associated with changes in interest rates. Failure to hedge effectively against interest rate changes may materially adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Dependence on our tenants for payments of rent and interest may adversely impact our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

We expect to continue to qualify as a REIT and, accordingly, as a REIT operating in the healthcare industry, we are severely limited by current tax law with respect to our ability to operate or manage the businesses conducted in our facilities.

Accordingly, we rely almost exclusively on rent payments from our tenants under leases or interest payments from operators under mortgage or other loans for cash with which to make distributions to our stockholders. We have no control over the success or failure of these tenants’ businesses. Significant adverse changes in the operations of our facilities (as was the case with the previous tenant of our River Oaks facility), or the financial condition of our tenants, operators or guarantors, could have a material adverse effect on our ability to collect rent and interest payments and, accordingly, on our ability to make distributions to our stockholders. Facility management by our tenants and their compliance with state and federal healthcare and other laws could have a material impact on our tenants’ operating and financial condition and, in turn, their ability to pay rent and interest to us.

It may be costly to replace defaulting tenants and we may not be able to replace defaulting tenants with suitable replacements on suitable terms.

Failure on the part of a tenant to comply materially with the terms of a lease could give us the right to terminate our lease with that tenant, repossess the applicable facility, cross default certain other leases and loans with that tenant and enforce the payment obligations under the lease. The process of terminating a lease with a defaulting tenant and repossessing the applicable facility may be costly and require a disproportionate amount of management’s attention. In addition, defaulting tenants or their affiliates may initiate litigation in connection with a lease termination or repossession against us or our subsidiaries. If a tenant-operator defaults and we choose to terminate our lease, we then are required to find another tenant-operator. The transfer of most types of healthcare facilities is highly regulated, which may result in delays and increased costs in locating a suitable replacement tenant. The sale or lease of these properties to entities other than healthcare operators may be difficult due to the added cost and time of refitting the properties. If we are unable to re-let the properties to healthcare operators, we may be forced to sell the properties at a loss due to the repositioning expenses likely to be incurred by non-healthcare purchasers. Alternatively, we may be required to spend substantial amounts to adapt the facility to other uses. There can be no assurance that we would be able to find another tenant in a timely fashion, or at all, or that, if another tenant were found, we would be able to enter into a new lease on favorable terms. Defaults by our tenants (such as with the former tenant of our River Oaks facility and the costs we have incurred to maintain and re-develop the facility) under our leases may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

 

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It may be costly to find new tenants when lease terms end and we may not be able to replace such tenants with suitable replacements on suitable terms.

Failure on the part of a tenant to renew or extend the lease at the end of its fixed term on one of our facilities could result in us having to search for, negotiate with and execute new lease agreements. The process of finding and negotiating with a new tenant along with costs (such as maintenance, property taxes, utilities, etc.) that we will incur while the facility is untenanted may be costly and require a disproportionate amount of management’s attention. There can be no assurance that we would be able to find another tenant in a timely fashion, or at all, or that, if another tenant were found, we would be able to enter into a new lease on favorable terms. If we are unable to re-let the properties to healthcare operators, we may be forced to sell the properties at a loss due to the repositioning expenses likely to be incurred by non-healthcare purchasers. Alternatively, we may be required to spend substantial amounts to adapt the facility to other uses. Thus, the non-renewal or extension of leases may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Our revenues are dependent upon our relationship with, and success of, Prime and Ernest.

As of December 31, 2011, our real estate portfolio included 62 healthcare properties in 21 states of which 55 facilities are leased to 20 hospital operating companies and two of the investments are in the form of mortgage loans. Affiliates of Prime leased or mortgaged 12 facilities, representing 25.3% of our total assets as of December 31, 2011. Total revenue from Prime was $43.1 million, or 30.1% of our total revenue from continuing operations in the year ended December 31, 2011.

Our relationship with Prime, and its financial performance and resulting ability to satisfy its lease and loan obligations to us are material to our financial results and our ability to service our debt and make distributions to our stockholders. We are dependent upon the ability of Prime to make rent and loan payments to us, and their failure or delay to meet these obligations could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. For additional discussion of risks relating to our tenants’ operations and obligations to comply with applicable industry laws, rules and regulations, see “Risks Relating to the Healthcare Industry” below.

After giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition, as of December 31, 2011, our portfolio would have consisted of 78 properties in 24 states of which 67 facilities were leased to 21 tenants, one was not under lease as it was under re-development, four were under development, and the remaining assets were in the form of first mortgage loans to two operators. Post the Ernest Acquisition, Prime and Ernest will represent are two largest tenants. At December 31, 2011, and after giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition, our investment in Prime and Ernest would have represented 19.4% and 18.8% of our total assets, respectively.

The bankruptcy or insolvency of our tenants or investees could harm our operating results and financial condition.

Some of our tenants/investees are, and some of our prospective tenants/investees may be, newly organized, have limited or no operating history and may be dependent on loans from us to acquire the facility’s operations and for initial working capital. Any bankruptcy filings by or relating to one of our tenants/investees could bar us from collecting pre-bankruptcy debts from that tenant or their property, unless we receive an order permitting us to do so from the bankruptcy court. A tenant bankruptcy can be expected to delay our efforts to collect past due balances under our leases and loans, and could ultimately preclude collection of these sums. If a lease is assumed by a tenant in bankruptcy, we expect that all pre-bankruptcy balances due under the lease would be paid to us in full. However, if a lease is rejected by a tenant in bankruptcy, we would have only a general unsecured claim for damages. Any secured claims we have against our tenants may only be paid to the extent of the value of the collateral, which may not cover any or all of our losses. Any unsecured claim (such as our equity interests in our tenants) we hold against a bankrupt entity may be paid only to the extent that funds are available and only in the same percentage as is paid to all other holders of unsecured claims. We may recover none or substantially less than the full value of any unsecured claims, which would harm our financial condition.

 

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Our business is highly competitive and we may be unable to compete successfully.

We compete for development opportunities and opportunities to purchase healthcare facilities with, among others:

 

   

private investors;

 

   

healthcare providers, including physicians;

 

   

other REITs;

 

   

real estate developers;

 

   

financial institutions; and

 

   

other lenders.

Many of these competitors may have substantially greater financial and other resources than we have and may have better relationships with lenders and sellers. Competition for healthcare facilities from competitors may adversely affect our ability to acquire or develop healthcare facilities and the prices we pay for those facilities. If we are unable to acquire or develop facilities or if we pay too much for facilities, our revenue and earnings growth and financial return could be materially adversely affected. Certain of our facilities and additional facilities we may acquire or develop will face competition from other nearby facilities that provide services comparable to those offered at our facilities and additional facilities we may acquire or develop. Some of those facilities are owned by governmental agencies and supported by tax revenues, and others are owned by tax-exempt corporations and may be supported to a large extent by endowments and charitable contributions. Those types of support are not available to our facilities and additional facilities we may acquire or develop. In addition, competing healthcare facilities located in the areas served by our facilities and additional facilities we may acquire or develop may provide healthcare services that are not available at our facilities and additional facilities we may acquire or develop. From time to time, referral sources, including physicians and managed care organizations, may change the healthcare facilities to which they refer patients, which could adversely affect our tenants and thus our rental revenues, interest income, and/or our earnings from equity investments.

Most of our current tenants have, and prospective tenants may have, an option to purchase the facilities we lease to them which could disrupt our operations.

Most of our current tenants have, and some prospective tenants will have, the option to purchase the facilities we lease to them. There is no assurance that the formulas we have developed for setting the purchase price will yield a fair market value purchase price.

In the event our tenants and prospective tenants determine to purchase the facilities they lease either during the lease term or after their expiration, the timing of those purchases will be outside of our control and we may not be able to re-invest the capital on as favorable terms, or at all. Our inability to effectively manage the turn-over of our facilities could materially adversely affect our ability to execute our business plan and our results of operations.

We have 49 leased properties that are subject to purchase options as of December 31, 2011. For 34 of these properties, the purchase option generally allows the lessee to purchase the real estate at the end of the lease term, as long as no default has occurred, at a price equivalent to the greater of (i) fair market value or (ii) our purchase price (increased, in some cases, by a certain annual rate of return from lease commencement date). The lease agreements provide for an appraisal process to determine fair market value. For 10 of these properties, the purchase option generally allows the lessee to purchase the real estate at the end of the lease term, as long as no default has occurred, at our purchase price (increased, in some cases, by a certain annual rate of return from lease commencement date). For the remaining five leases, the purchase options approximate fair value. At December 31, 2011, none of our leases contained any bargain purchase options.

 

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In certain circumstances, a prospective purchaser of our hospital real estate may be deemed to be subject to Anti-Kickback and Stark statutes, which are described on pages 8 and 9 of this 2011 Form 10-K. In such event, it may not be practicable for us to sell property to such prospective purchasers at prices other than fair market value.

We may not be able to adapt our management and operational systems to manage the net-leased facilities we have acquired and are developing or those that we may acquire or develop in the future without unanticipated disruption or expense.

There is no assurance that we will be able to adapt our management, administrative, accounting and operational systems, or hire and retain sufficient operational staff, to manage the facilities we have acquired and those that we may acquire or develop. Our failure to successfully manage our current portfolio of facilities or any future acquisitions or developments could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

We depend on key personnel, the loss of any one of whom may threaten our ability to operate our business successfully.

We depend on the services of Edward K. Aldag, Jr., R. Steven Hamner, and Emmett E. McLean to carry out our business and investment strategy. If we were to lose any of these executive officers, it may be more difficult for us to locate attractive acquisition targets, complete our acquisitions and manage the facilities that we have acquired or developed. Additionally, as we expand, we will continue to need to attract and retain additional qualified officers and employees. The loss of the services of any of our executive officers, or our inability to recruit and retain qualified personnel in the future, could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial results.

The market price and trading volume of our common stock may be volatile.

The market price of our common stock may be highly volatile and be subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume in our common stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. If the market price of our common stock declines significantly, you may be unable to resell your shares at or above your purchase price.

We cannot assure you that the market price of our common stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. Some of the factors that could negatively affect our share price or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our common stock include:

 

   

actual or anticipated variations in our quarterly operating results or distributions;

 

   

changes in our funds from operations or earnings estimates or publication of research reports about us or the real estate industry;

 

   

increases in market interest rates that lead purchasers of our shares of common stock to demand a higher yield;

 

   

changes in market valuations of similar companies;

 

   

adverse market reaction to any increased indebtedness we incur in the future;

 

   

additions or departures of key management personnel;

 

   

actions by institutional stockholders;

 

   

local conditions such as an oversupply of, or a reduction in demand for, rehabilitation hospitals, long-term acute care hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, medical office buildings, specialty hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, regional and community hospitals, women’s and children’s hospitals and other single-discipline facilities;

 

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speculation in the press or investment community; and

 

   

general market and economic conditions.

Future sales of common stock may have adverse effects on our stock price.

We cannot predict the effect, if any, of future sales of common stock, or the availability of shares for future sales, on the market price of our common stock. Sales of substantial amounts of common stock, or the perception that these sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices for our common stock. We may issue from time to time additional common stock or units of our operating partnership in connection with the acquisition of facilities and we may grant additional demand or piggyback registration rights in connection with these issuances. Sales of substantial amounts of common stock or the perception that these sales could occur may adversely affect the prevailing market price for our common stock. In addition, the sale of these shares could impair our ability to raise capital through a sale of additional equity securities.

An increase in market interest rates may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.

One of the factors that investors may consider in deciding whether to buy or sell our securities is our distribution rate as a percentage of our price per share of common stock, relative to market interest rates. If market interest rates increase, prospective investors may desire a higher distribution or interest rate on our securities or seek securities paying higher distributions or interest. The market price of our common stock likely will be based primarily on the earnings that we derive from rental and interest income with respect to our facilities and our related distributions to stockholders, and not from the underlying appraised value of the facilities themselves. As a result, interest rate fluctuations and capital market conditions can affect the market price of our common stock. In addition, rising interest rates would result in increased interest expense on our variable-rate debt, thereby adversely affecting cash flow and our ability to service our indebtedness and make distributions.

RISKS RELATING TO REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS

Our real estate and mortgage investments are and are expected to continue to be concentrated in a single industry segment, making us more vulnerable economically than if our investments were more diversified.

We have acquired and have developed and have made mortgage investments in and expect to continue acquiring and developing and making mortgage investments in healthcare facilities. We are subject to risks inherent in concentrating investments in real estate. The risks resulting from a lack of diversification become even greater as a result of our business strategy to invest solely in healthcare facilities. A downturn in the real estate industry could materially adversely affect the value of our facilities. A downturn in the healthcare industry could negatively affect our tenants’ ability to make lease or loan payments to us and, consequently, our ability to meet debt service obligations or make distributions to our stockholders. These adverse effects could be more pronounced than if we diversified our investments outside of real estate or outside of healthcare facilities.

Our facilities may not have efficient alternative uses, which could impede our ability to find replacement tenants in the event of termination or default under our leases.

All of the facilities in our current portfolio are and all of the facilities we expect to acquire or develop in the future will be net-leased healthcare facilities. If we or our tenants terminate the leases for these facilities or if these tenants lose their regulatory authority to operate these facilities, we may not be able to locate suitable replacement tenants to lease the facilities for their specialized uses. Alternatively, we may be required to spend substantial amounts to adapt the facilities to other uses. Any loss of revenues or additional capital expenditures occurring as a result could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and could hinder our ability to meet debt service obligations or make distributions to our stockholders.

 

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Illiquidity of real estate investments could significantly impede our ability to respond to adverse changes in the performance of our facilities and harm our financial condition.

Real estate investments are relatively illiquid. Additionally, the real estate market is affected by many factors beyond our control, including adverse changes in global, national, and local economic and market conditions and the availability, costs and terms of financing. Our ability to quickly sell or exchange any of our facilities in response to changes in economic and other conditions will be limited. No assurances can be given that we will recognize full value for any facility that we are required to sell for liquidity reasons. Our inability to respond rapidly to changes in the performance of our investments could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Development and construction risks could adversely affect our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

We have developed and constructed facilities in the past and are currently developing and re-developing five facilities. We will develop additional facilities in the future as opportunities present themselves. Our development and related construction activities may subject us to the following risks:

 

   

we may have to compete for suitable development sites;

 

   

our ability to complete construction is dependent on there being no title, environmental or other legal proceedings arising during construction;

 

   

we may be subject to delays due to weather conditions, strikes and other contingencies beyond our control;

 

   

we may be unable to obtain, or suffer delays in obtaining, necessary zoning, land-use, building, occupancy healthcare regulatory and other required governmental permits and authorizations, which could result in increased costs, delays in construction, or our abandonment of these projects;

 

   

we may incur construction costs for a facility which exceed our original estimates due to increased costs for materials or labor or other costs that we did not anticipate; and

 

   

we may not be able to obtain financing on favorable terms, which may render us unable to proceed with our development activities.

We expect to fund our development projects over time. The time frame required for development and construction of these facilities means that we may have to wait years for a significant cash return. In addition, our tenants may not be able to obtain managed care provider contracts in a timely manner or at all. Finally, there is no assurance that future development projects will occur without delays and cost overruns. Risks associated with our development projects may reduce anticipated rental revenue which could affect the timing of, and our ability to make, distributions to our stockholders.

We may be subject to risks arising from future acquisitions of healthcare properties.

We may be subject to risks in connection with our acquisition of healthcare properties, including without limitation the following:

 

   

we may have no previous business experience with the tenants at the facilities acquired, and we may face difficulties in managing them;

 

   

underperformance of the acquired facilities due to various factors, including unfavorable terms and conditions of the existing lease agreements relating to the facilities, disruptions caused by the management of our tenants or changes in economic conditions;

 

   

diversion of our management’s attention away from other business concerns;

 

   

exposure to any undisclosed or unknown potential liabilities relating to the acquired facilities; and

 

   

potential underinsured losses on the acquired facilities.

 

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We cannot assure you that we will be able to manage the new properties without encountering difficulties or that any such difficulties will not have a material adverse effect on us.

Our facilities may not achieve expected results or we may be limited in our ability to finance future acquisitions, which may harm our financial condition and operating results and our ability to make the distributions to our stockholders required to maintain our REIT status.

Acquisitions and developments entail risks that investments will fail to perform in accordance with expectations and that estimates of the costs of improvements necessary to acquire and develop facilities will prove inaccurate, as well as general investment risks associated with any new real estate investment. Newly-developed or newly-renovated facilities may not have operating histories that are helpful in making objective pricing decisions. The purchase prices of these facilities will be based in part upon projections by management as to the expected operating results of the facilities, subjecting us to risks that these facilities may not achieve anticipated operating results or may not achieve these results within anticipated time frames.

We anticipate that future acquisitions and developments will largely be financed through externally generated funds such as borrowings under credit facilities and other secured and unsecured debt financing and from issuances of equity securities. Because we must distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gain, each year to maintain our qualification as a REIT, our ability to rely upon income from operations or cash flow from operations to finance our growth and acquisition activities will be limited.

If our facilities do not achieve expected results and generate ample cash flows from operations or if we are unable to obtain funds from borrowings or the capital markets to finance our acquisition and development activities, amounts available for distribution to stockholders could be adversely affected and we could be required to reduce distributions, thereby jeopardizing our ability to maintain our status as a REIT.

If we suffer losses that are not covered by insurance or that are in excess of our insurance coverage limits, we could lose investment capital and anticipated profits.

Our leases generally require our tenants to carry property, general liability, professional liability, loss of earnings, all risk and extended coverage insurance in amounts sufficient to permit the replacement of the facility in the event of a total loss, subject to applicable deductibles. For those properties not currently under lease, we carry such insurance. In addition, we carry loss of earnings coverage on all of our properties as a contingent measure in case our tenant’s coverage is not sufficient or other reasons. However, there are certain types of losses, generally of a catastrophic nature, such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes and acts of terrorism, which may be uninsurable or not insurable at a price we or our tenants can afford. Inflation, changes in building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations and other factors also might make it impracticable to use insurance proceeds to replace a facility after it has been damaged or destroyed. Under such circumstances, the insurance proceeds we receive might not be adequate to restore our economic position with respect to the affected facility. If any of these or similar events occur, it may reduce our return from the facility and the value of our investment.

Our capital expenditures for facility renovation may be greater than anticipated and may adversely impact rent payments by our tenants and our ability to make distributions to stockholders.

Facilities, particularly those that consist of older structures, have an ongoing need for renovations and other capital improvements, including periodic replacement of fixtures and fixed equipment. Although our leases require our tenants to be primarily responsible for the cost of such expenditures, renovation of facilities involves certain risks, including the possibility of environmental problems, regulatory requirements, construction cost overruns and delays, uncertainties as to market demand or deterioration in market demand after commencement of renovation and the emergence of unanticipated competition from other facilities. All of these factors could adversely impact rent and loan payments by our tenants, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations along with our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

 

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All of our healthcare facilities are subject to property taxes that may increase in the future and adversely affect our business.

Our facilities are subject to real and personal property taxes that may increase as property tax rates change and as the facilities are assessed or reassessed by taxing authorities. Our leases generally provide that the property taxes are charged to our tenants as an expense related to the facilities that they occupy. As the owner of the facilities, however, we are ultimately responsible for payment of the taxes to the government. If property taxes increase, our tenants may be unable to make the required tax payments, ultimately requiring us to pay the taxes. If we incur these tax liabilities, our ability to make expected distributions to our stockholders could be adversely affected. In addition, if such taxes increase on properties in which we have an equity interest in the tenant, our return on investment maybe negatively effected.

As the owner and lessor of real estate, we are subject to risks under environmental laws, the cost of compliance with which and any violation of which could materially adversely affect us.

Our operating expenses could be higher than anticipated due to the cost of complying with existing and future environmental laws and regulations. Various environmental laws may impose liability on the current or prior owner or operator of real property for removal or remediation of hazardous or toxic substances. Current or prior owners or operators may also be liable for government fines and damages for injuries to persons, natural resources and adjacent property. These environmental laws often impose liability whether or not the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence or disposal of the hazardous or toxic substances. The cost of complying with environmental laws could materially adversely affect amounts available for distribution to our stockholders and could exceed the value of all of our facilities. In addition, the presence of hazardous or toxic substances, or the failure of our tenants to properly manage, dispose of or remediate such substances, including medical waste generated by physicians and our other healthcare tenants, may adversely affect our tenants or our ability to use, sell or rent such property or to borrow using such property as collateral which, in turn, could reduce our revenue and our financing ability. We have obtained Phase I environmental assessments on all facilities we have acquired or developed or on which we have made mortgage loans, and intend to obtain on all future facilities we acquire. However, even if the Phase I environmental assessment reports do not reveal any material environmental contamination, it is possible that material environmental contamination and liabilities may exist of which we are unaware.

Although the leases for our facilities and our mortgage loans generally require our operators to comply with laws and regulations governing their operations, including the disposal of medical waste, and to indemnify us for certain environmental liabilities, the scope of their obligations may be limited. We cannot assure you that our tenants would be able to fulfill their indemnification obligations and, therefore, any material violation of environmental laws could have a material adverse affect on us. In addition, environmental laws are constantly evolving, and changes in laws, regulations or policies, or changes in interpretations of the foregoing, could create liabilities where none exist today.

Our interests in facilities through ground leases expose us to the loss of the facility upon breach or termination of the ground lease and may limit our use of the facility.

We have acquired interests in three of our facilities, at least in part, by acquiring leasehold interests in the land on which the facility is located rather than an ownership interest in the property, and we may acquire additional facilities in the future through ground leases. As lessee under ground leases, we are exposed to the possibility of losing the property upon termination, or an earlier breach by us, of the ground lease. Ground leases may also restrict our use of facilities. Our current ground lease for the facility in San Antonio limits use of the property to operation of a comprehensive rehabilitation hospital, medical research and education and other medical uses and uses reasonably incidental thereto. These restrictions and any similar future restrictions in ground leases will limit our flexibility in renting the facility and may impede our ability to sell the property.

 

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Our acquisitions may not prove to be successful.

We are exposed to the risk that some of our acquisitions may not prove to be successful. We could encounter unanticipated difficulties and expenditures relating to any acquired properties, including contingent liabilities, and acquired properties might require significant management attention that would otherwise be devoted to our ongoing business. In addition, we might be exposed to undisclosed and unknown liabilities related to any acquired properties. If we agree to provide construction funding to an operator/tenant and the project is not completed, we may need to take steps to ensure completion of the project. Moreover, if we issue equity securities or incur additional debt, or both, to finance future acquisitions, it may reduce our per share financial results. These costs may negatively affect our results of operations.

RISKS RELATING TO THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY

Reductions in reimbursement from third-party payors, including Medicare and Medicaid, could adversely affect the profitability of our tenants and hinder their ability to make rent payments to us.

Sources of revenue for our tenants and operators may include the Medicare and Medicaid programs, private insurance carriers and health maintenance organizations, among others. Efforts by such payors to reduce healthcare costs will likely continue, which may result in reductions or slower growth in reimbursement for certain services provided by some of our tenants. In addition, the failure of any of our tenants to comply with various laws and regulations could jeopardize their ability to continue participating in Medicare, Medicaid and other government-sponsored payment programs.

The healthcare industry continues to face various challenges, including increased government and private payor pressure on healthcare providers to control or reduce costs. We believe that our tenants will continue to experience a shift in payor mix away from fee-for-service payors, resulting in an increase in the percentage of revenues attributable to managed care payors, government payors and general industry trends that include pressures to control healthcare costs. Pressures to control healthcare costs and a shift away from traditional health insurance reimbursement have resulted in an increase in the number of patients whose healthcare coverage is provided under managed care plans, such as health maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations. In addition, due to the aging of the population and the expansion of governmental payor programs, we anticipate that there will be a marked increase in the number of patients relying on healthcare coverage provided by governmental payors. These changes could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of some or all of our tenants, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and could negatively affect our ability to make distributions to our stockholders. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

Over the past several years, CMS has increased its attention on reimbursement for LTACHs and IRFs, with CMS imposing regulatory restrictions on LTACH and IRF reimbursement. A significant number of our tenants operate LTACHs and IRFs. We expect that CMS will continue to explore implementing other restrictions on LTACH and IRF reimbursement, and possibly develop more restrictive facility and patient level criteria for these types of facilities. These changes could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of some of our tenants, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and could negatively affect our ability to make distributions to our stockholders. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenant’s operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

The healthcare industry is heavily regulated and loss of licensure or certification or failure to obtain licensure or certification could result in the inability of our tenants to make lease payments to us.

The healthcare industry is highly regulated by federal, state and local laws (as discussed on pages 7-10), and is directly affected by federal conditions of participation, state licensing requirements, facility inspections,

 

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state and federal reimbursement policies, regulations concerning capital and other expenditures, certification requirements and other such laws, regulations and rules.

Licensed health care facilities must comply with minimum health and safety standards and are subject to survey and inspection by state and federal agencies and their agents or affiliates, including the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the Joint Commission, and state departments of health. CMS develops Conditions of Participation and Conditions for Coverage that health care organizations must meet in order to begin and continue participating in the Medicare and Medicaid programs. These minimum health and safety standards are aimed at improving quality and protecting the health and safety of beneficiaries. There are several common criteria that exist across health entities. Examples of common conditions include: a governing body responsible for effectively governing affairs of the organization, a quality assurance program to evaluate entity-wide patient care, medical record service responsible for medical records, a utilization review of the services furnished by the organization and its staff, and a facility constructed, arranged and maintained according to a life safety code that ensures patient safety and the deliverance of services appropriate to the needs of the community.

As an example, the Medicare program contains specific requirements with respect to the maintenance of medical records. Medical records must be maintained for every individual who is evaluated or treated at a hospital. Medical records must be accurately written, promptly completed, properly filed and retained, and accessible. Medicare surveyors may conduct on site visits for a variety of reasons, including to investigate a patient complaint or to survey the hospital for compliance with Medicare requirements. In such instances, Medicare surveyors generally review a large sampling of patient charts. If a pattern of incomplete medical records is identified, the hospital’s Medicare certification could be jeopardized if a plan of correction is not completed. In order for a health care organization to continue receiving payment from the Medicare and Medicaid programs, it must comply with conditions of participation, or standards, as set forth in federal regulations. Further, many hospitals and other institutional providers are accredited by accrediting agencies such as the Joint Commission, a national health care accrediting organization. The Joint Commission was created to accredit healthcare organizations that meet its minimum health and safety standards. A national accrediting organization, such as the Joint Commission, enforces standards that meet or exceed such requirements.

Surveyors for the Joint Commission, prior to the opening of a facility and approximately every three years thereafter, conduct on site surveys of facilities for compliance with a multitude of patient safety, treatment, and administrative requirements. Facilities may lose accreditation for failure to meet such requirements, which in turn may result in the loss of license or certification. For example, a facility may lose accreditation for failing to maintain proper medication in the operating room to treat potentially fatal reactions to anesthesia, or for failure to maintain safe and sanitary medical equipment.

Finally, health care facility reimbursement practices and quality of care issues may result in loss of license or certification. For instance, the practice of “upcoding,” whereby services are billed for higher procedure codes than were actually performed, may lead to the revocation of a hospital’s license. An event involving poor quality of care, such as that which leads to the serious injury or death of a patient, may also result in loss of license or certification. The Services Employees International Union (“SEIU”) has alleged that our tenant, Prime may have upcoded for certain procedures and may be providing poor quality of care, in addition to allegations of delaying the transfer of out-of-network patients to their preferred medical provider once they have stabilized. Prime has addressed these allegations publicly and has provided clinical and other data to us refuting these allegations. Prime has also informed us that the SEIU is attempting to organize certain Prime employees.

The failure of any tenant to comply with such laws, requirements, and regulations resulting in a loss of its license would affect its ability to continue its operation of the facility and would adversely affect the tenant’s ability to make lease and principal and interest payments to us. This, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and could negatively affect our ability to make distributions to our shareholders. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effects on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests would also be negatively impacted.

 

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In addition, establishment of healthcare facilities and transfers of operations of healthcare facilities are subject to regulatory approvals not required for establishment, or transfers, of other types of commercial operations and real estate. Restrictions and delays in transferring the operations of healthcare facilities, in obtaining new third-party payor contracts, including Medicare and Medicaid provider agreements, and in receiving licensure and certification approval from appropriate state and federal agencies by new tenants, may affect our ability to terminate lease agreements, remove tenants that violate lease terms, and replace existing tenants with new tenants. Furthermore, these matters may affect a new tenant’s ability to obtain reimbursement for services rendered, which could adversely affect their ability to pay rent to us and to pay principal and interest on their loans from us. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

Our tenants are subject to fraud and abuse laws, the violation of which by a tenant may jeopardize the tenant’s ability to make lease and loan payments to us.

As noted earlier, the federal government and numerous state governments have passed laws and regulations that attempt to eliminate healthcare fraud and abuse by prohibiting business arrangements that induce patient referrals or the ordering of specific ancillary services. In addition, federal and state governments have significantly increased investigation and enforcement activity to detect and eliminate fraud and abuse in the Medicare and Medicaid programs. It is anticipated that the trend toward increased investigation and enforcement activity in the areas of fraud and abuse and patient self-referrals, will continue in future years. Violations of these laws may result in the imposition of criminal and civil penalties, including possible exclusion from federal and state healthcare programs. Imposition of any of these penalties upon any of our tenants could jeopardize any tenant’s ability to operate a facility or to make lease and loan payments, thereby potentially adversely affecting us. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

Some of our tenants have accepted, and prospective tenants may accept, an assignment of the previous operator’s Medicare provider agreement. Such operators and other new-operator tenants that take assignment of Medicare provider agreements might be subject to federal or state regulatory, civil and criminal investigations of the previous owner’s operations and claims submissions. While we conduct due diligence in connection with the acquisition of such facilities, these types of issues may not be discovered prior to purchase. Adverse decisions, fines or recoupments might negatively impact our tenants’ financial condition, and in turn their ability to make lease and loan payments to us. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

Certain of our lease arrangements may be subject to fraud and abuse or physician self-referral laws.

Although no such investment exists today, local physician investment in our operating partnership or our subsidiaries that own our facilities could subject our lease arrangements to scrutiny under fraud and abuse and physician self-referral laws. Under the Stark Law, and its implementing regulations, if our lease arrangements do not satisfy the requirements of an applicable exception, the ability of our tenants to bill for services provided to Medicare beneficiaries pursuant to referrals from physician investors could be adversely impacted and subject us and our tenants to fines, which could impact our tenants’ ability to make lease and loan payments to us. In instances where we own a minority interest in our tenants’ operations, in addition to the effect on these tenants’ ability to meet their financial obligations to us, our ownership and investment interests may also be negatively impacted.

We intend to use our good faith efforts to structure our lease arrangements to comply with these laws; however, if we are unable to do so, this failure may restrict our ability to permit physician investment or, where such physicians do participate, may restrict the types of lease arrangements into which we may enter, including our ability to enter into percentage rent arrangements.

 

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State certificate of need laws may adversely affect our development of facilities and the operations of our tenants.

Certain healthcare facilities in which we invest may also be subject to state laws which require regulatory approval in the form of a certificate of need prior to initiation of certain projects, including, but not limited to, the establishment of new or replacement facilities, the addition of beds, the addition or expansion of services and certain capital expenditures. State certificate of need laws are not uniform throughout the United States and are subject to change. We cannot predict the impact of state certificate of need laws on our development of facilities or the operations of our tenants.

In addition, certificate of need laws often materially impact the ability of competitors to enter into the marketplace of our facilities. Finally, in limited circumstances, loss of state licensure or certification or closure of a facility could ultimately result in loss of authority to operate the facility and require re-licensure or new certificate of need authorization to re-institute operations. As a result, a portion of the value of the facility may be related to the limitation on new competitors. In the event of a change in the certificate of need laws, this value may markedly change.

RISKS RELATING TO OUR ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE

Maryland law and Medical Properties’ charter and bylaws contain provisions which may prevent or deter changes in management and third-party acquisition proposals that you may believe to be in your best interest, depress the price of Medical Properties common stock or cause dilution.

Medical Properties’ charter contains ownership limitations that may restrict business combination opportunities, inhibit change of control transactions and reduce the value of Medical Properties’ common stock. To qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, no more than 50% in value of Medical Properties’ outstanding stock, after taking into account options to acquire stock, may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer persons during the last half of each taxable year. Medical Properties’ charter generally prohibits direct or indirect ownership by any person of more than 9.8% in value or in number, whichever is more restrictive, of outstanding shares of any class or series of our securities, including Medical Properties’ common stock. Generally, Medical Properties’ common stock owned by affiliated owners will be aggregated for purposes of the ownership limitation. The ownership limitation could have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing a change in control or other transaction in which holders of common stock might receive a premium for their common stock over the then-current market price or which such holders otherwise might believe to be in their best interests. The ownership limitation provisions also may make Medical Properties’ common stock an unsuitable investment vehicle for any person seeking to obtain, either alone or with others as a group, ownership of more than 9.8% of either the value or number of the outstanding shares of Medical Properties’ common stock.

Medical Properties’ charter and bylaws contain provisions that may impede third-party acquisition proposals that may be in the best interests of our stockholders. Medical Properties’ charter and bylaws also provide that our directors may only be removed by the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of Medical Properties common stock, that stockholders are required to give us advance notice of director nominations and new business to be conducted at our annual meetings of stockholders and that special meetings of stockholders can only be called by our president, our board of directors or the holders of at least 25% of stock entitled to vote at the meetings. These and other charter and bylaw provisions may delay or prevent a change of control or other transaction in which holders of Medical Properties’ common stock might receive a premium for their common stock over the then-current market price or which such holders otherwise might believe to be in their best interests.

Our UPREIT structure may result in conflicts of interest between Medical Properties’ stockholders and the holders of our operating partnership units.

We are organized as an UPREIT, which means that we hold our assets and conduct substantially all of our operations through an operating limited partnership, and may issue operating partnership units to third parties. Persons holding operating partnership units would have the right to vote on certain amendments to the

 

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partnership agreement of our operating partnership, as well as on certain other matters. Persons holding these voting rights may exercise them in a manner that conflicts with the interests of our stockholders. Circumstances may arise in the future, such as the sale or refinancing of one of our facilities, when the interests of limited partners in our operating partnership conflict with the interests of our stockholders. As the sole member of the general partner of the operating partnership, Medical Properties has fiduciary duties to the limited partners of the operating partnership that may conflict with fiduciary duties that Medical Properties’ officers and directors owe to its stockholders. These conflicts may result in decisions that are not in the best interest of our stockholders.

We have made minority investments in the operators of certain of our healthcare facilities and the Ernest Acquisition Transactions contemplate that we will make a similar minority investment in the operator of the Ernest facilities; the cash flows from this investment are subject to more volatility than our cash flow from properties with traditional triple-net leasing structure.

We make minority investments in the operators of certain of our healthcare facilities and the Ernest Acquisition Transactions contemplate that we will make a similar investment in the operator of the Ernest facilities utilizing the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 and taxable REIT subsidiary structure. The Ernest Acquisition Transactions, if consummated, will result in us having a minority investment in the operator of the Ernest facilities. Accordingly, the cash flows on this investment will be dependent upon the operator of the Ernest facilities and will vary from time to time depending on the success of the operator. As a result, the cash flow from this investment may be more volatile than cash flow from rent pursuant to the triple-net lease agreements with our tenants and interest income from loans to our tenants. Our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected if the operator of the Ernest facilities fails to successfully operate the facilities efficiently, effectively and in a manner that is in our best interest.

TAX RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OUR STATUS AS A REIT

Loss of our tax status as a REIT would have significant adverse consequences to us and the value of Medical Properties’ common stock.

We believe that we qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes and have elected to be taxed as a REIT under the federal income tax laws commencing with our taxable year that began on April 6, 2004 and ended on December 31, 2004. The REIT qualification requirements are extremely complex, and interpretations of the federal income tax laws governing qualification as a REIT are limited. Accordingly, there is no assurance that we will be successful in operating so as to qualify as a REIT. At any time, new laws, regulations, interpretations or court decisions may change the federal tax laws relating to, or the federal income tax consequences of, qualification as a REIT. It is possible that future economic, market, legal, tax or other considerations may cause our board of directors to revoke the REIT election, which it may do without stockholder approval.

If we lose or revoke our REIT status, we will face serious tax consequences that will substantially reduce the funds available for distribution because:

 

   

we would not be allowed a deduction for distributions to stockholders in computing our taxable income; therefore we would be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates and we might need to borrow money or sell assets in order to pay any such tax;

 

   

we also could be subject to the federal alternative minimum tax and possibly increased state and local taxes; and

 

   

unless we are entitled to relief under statutory provisions, we also would be disqualified from taxation as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which we ceased to qualify.

As a result of all these factors, a failure to achieve or a loss or revocation of our REIT status could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and would adversely affect the value of our common stock.

 

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Failure to make required distributions would subject us to tax.

In order to qualify as a REIT, each year we must distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gain. To the extent that we satisfy the distribution requirement, but distribute less than 100% of our taxable income, we will be subject to federal corporate income tax on our undistributed income. In addition, we will incur a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the amount, if any, by which our distributions in any year are less than the sum of (1) 85% of our ordinary income for that year; (2) 95% of our capital gain net income for that year; and (3) 100% of our undistributed taxable income from prior years.

We may be required to make distributions to stockholders at disadvantageous times or when we do not have funds readily available for distribution. Differences in timing between the recognition of income and the related cash receipts or the effect of required debt amortization payments could require us to borrow money or sell assets to pay out enough of our taxable income to satisfy the distribution requirement and to avoid corporate income tax and the 4% excise tax in a particular year. In the future, we may borrow to pay distributions to our stockholders and the limited partners of our operating partnership. Any funds that we borrow would subject us to interest rate and other market risks.

Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive opportunities.

To qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, the sources of our income, the nature and diversification of our assets, the amounts we distribute to our stockholders and the ownership of our stock. In order to meet these tests, we may be required to forego attractive business or investment opportunities. Overall, no more than 20% of the value of our assets may consist of securities of one or more taxable REIT subsidiaries and no more than 25% of the value of our assets may consist of securities that are not qualifying assets under the test requiring that 75% of a REIT’s assets consist of real estate and other related assets. Further, a taxable REIT subsidiary may not directly or indirectly operate or manage a healthcare facility. For purposes of this definition a “healthcare facility” means a hospital, nursing facility, assisted living facility, congregate care facility, qualified continuing care facility, or other licensed facility which extends medical or nursing or ancillary services to patients and which is operated by a service provider that is eligible for participation in the Medicare program under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act with respect to the facility. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may limit our flexibility in executing our business plan.

Loans to our tenants could be recharacterized as equity, in which case our interest income from that tenant might not be qualifying income under the REIT rules and we could lose our REIT status.

In connection with the acquisition in 2004 of certain Vibra facilities, one of our taxable REIT subsidiaries made a loan to Vibra in an aggregate amount of $41.4 million to acquire the operations at those Vibra Facilities. As of February 22, 2012, that loan had been reduced to $17.6 million. The acquisition loan bears interest at an annual rate of 10.25%. Our operating partnership loaned the funds to one of our taxable REIT subsidiaries to make these loans. The loan from our operating partnership to our taxable REIT subsidiaries bears interest at an annual rate of 9.25%.

Our taxable REIT subsidiaries have made and will make loans to tenants to acquire operations or for other purposes. The Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, may take the position that certain loans to tenants should be treated as equity interests rather than debt, and that our interest income from such tenant should not be treated as qualifying income for purposes of the REIT gross income tests. If the IRS were to successfully treat a loan to a particular tenant as equity interests, the tenant would be a “related party tenant” with respect to our company and the interest that we receive from the tenant would not be qualifying income for purposes of the REIT gross income tests. As a result, we could lose our REIT status. In addition, if the IRS were to successfully treat a particular loan as interests held by our operating partnership rather than by our taxable REIT subsidiaries, we could fail the 5% asset test, and if the IRS further successfully treated the loan as other than straight debt, we

 

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could fail the 10% asset test with respect to such interest. As a result of the failure of either test, could lose our REIT status, which would subject us to corporate level income tax and adversely affect our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Transactions with taxable REIT subsidiaries may be subject to excise tax.

We have historically entered into lease and other transactions with our taxable REIT subsidiaries and their subsidiaries and expect to continue to do so in the future, including in connection with the Ernest Acquisition. Under applicable rules, transactions such as leases between our taxable REIT subsidiaries and their parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s length basis may be subject to a 100% excise tax. While we believe that all of our transactions with our taxable REIT subsidiaries are at arm’s length, imposition of a 100% excise tax could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations and could adversely effect the trading price of our common stock.

 

ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. Properties

At December 31, 2011, our portfolio consisted of 62 properties: 55 facilities (of the 60 facilities that we own) are leased to 20 operators with the remainder in the form of mortgage loans. Our owned facilities consisted of 25 general acute care hospitals, 19 long-term acute care hospitals, eight inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, two medical office buildings, and six wellness centers. The two non-owned facilities on which we have made mortgage loans consist of general acute care facilities to one operator.

 

State

   Total 2011
Revenue
     Percentage  of
Total
Revenue
    Total
Investment
 
     (Dollars in thousands)  

Arizona

   $ 2,587         1.80   $ 24,157   

Arkansas

     2,224         1.55     19,523   

California

     46,760         32.63     435,192   

Colorado

     1,692         1.18     10,728   

Connecticut

     854         0.60     7,838   

Florida

     2,250         1.57     25,810   

Idaho

     5,787         4.04     46,468   

Indiana

     4,196         2.93     50,983   

Kansas

     1,832         1.28     19,720   

Louisiana

     2,797         1.95     39,527   

Massachusetts

     6,195         4.32     46,359   

Michigan

     1,433         1.00     10,743   

Missouri

     5,970         4.17     60,921   

New Jersey

     7,415         5.16     128,049   

Oregon

     3,323         2.32     25,531   

Pennsylvania

     1,871         1.31     45,376   

Rhode Island

     374         0.26     3,737   

South Carolina

     3,941         2.75     37,956   

Texas

     34,146         23.82     368,448 (A) 

Utah

     6,600         4.61     66,355   

Virginia

     1,072         0.75     10,914   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 143,319         100.0   $ 1,484,335 (B) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) Includes our River Oaks facility that is currently under re-development and not being operated. Our total gross investment in the facility is $31.7 million.

 

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(B) Excludes construction in progress and other costs of $30.9 million that primarily relate to our Florence, Arizona development project that is expected to be completed in 2012 and our three Emerus development properties that are expected to be completed in the fourth quarter 2012.

 

Type of Property

   Number  of
Properties
     Number of
Square
Feet (2)
     Number of
Licensed
Beds (2)
 

General Acute Care Hospitals

     27         3,803,638         3,415   

Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals

     19         1,282,863         1,395   

Medical Office Buildings

     2         93,287         NA   

Rehabilitation Hospitals

     8         596,094         541   

Wellness Centers

     6         251,213         NA   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     62         6,027,095         5,351   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table shows tenant lease expirations for the next 10 years and thereafter at our leased properties (excludes loans and properties under development), assuming that none of the tenants exercise any of their renewal options (dollars in thousands):

 

Total Portfolio(2)

   Total
Leases
     Base
Rent(1)
     % of Total
Base Rent
    Total
Square
Footage
     Total
Licensed
Beds
 

2012 (3)

     3       $ 2,810         2.3     181,110         168   

2013

     —           —           —         
—  
  
    
—  
  

2014

     2         4,771         4.0     241,490         225   

2015

     2         3,941         3.3     137,977         161   

2016

     1         2,250         1.9     95,445         126   

2017

     1         1,862         1.5     91,700         65   

2018

     6         12,901         10.7     722,546         608   

2019

     8         9,692         8.1     625,135         255   

2020

     1         1,019         0.8     48,600         40   

2021

     9         25,611         21.3     1,233,081         1,134   

Thereafter

     22         55,420         46.1     2,414,871         2,259   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     55       $ 120,277         100.0     5,791,955         5,041   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The most recent monthly base rent annualized. Base rent does not include tenant recoveries, additional rents and other lease-related adjustments to revenue (i.e., straight-line rents and deferred revenues).
(2) Excludes our River Oaks facility, as it is currently under re-development and not subject to lease and our Florence and Emerus facilities that are under development.
(3) These expiring leases contain annual escalators that adjust the lease rate each year to be in line with current market rates.

Impact of Ernest Acquisition on our Properties

After giving effect to the Ernest Acquisition, as of December 31, 2011, our portfolio would have consisted of 78 properties: 67 facilities (of the 72 facilities that we own, of which two are subject to long-term ground leases) were leased to 21 tenants, one was not under lease as it was under re-development, four were under development, and the remaining assets were in the form of first mortgage loans to two operators. In addition, our 78 facilities would have consisted of 27 general acute care hospitals, 27 long-term acute care hospitals, 16 inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, two medical office buildings, and six wellness centers. The non-owned facilities on which we have made mortgage loans consist of general acute care facilities. Finally, the number of licensed beds would have been 5,957 and the total square footage would have been 6.7 million.

 

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ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, there are various legal proceedings pending to which we are a party or to which some of our properties are subject arising in the normal course of business. We do not believe that the ultimate resolution of these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 4. Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

(a) Medical Properties’ common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “MPW.” The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices for the common stock for the periods indicated, as reported by the New York Stock Exchange Composite Tape, and the dividends declared by us with respect to each such period.

 

     High      Low      Dividends  

Year ended December 31, 2011

        

First Quarter

   $ 11.74       $ 10.60       $ 0.20   

Second Quarter

     12.45         11.15         0.20   

Third Quarter

     12.65         8.76         0.20   

Fourth Quarter

     10.50         8.17         0.20   

Year ended December 31, 2010

        

First Quarter

   $ 11.42       $ 9.15       $ 0.20   

Second Quarter

     11.10         7.98         0.20   

Third Quarter

     10.47         8.99         0.20   

Fourth Quarter

     11.65         10.00         0.20   

On February 22, 2012, the closing price for our common stock, as reported on the New York Stock Exchange, was $9.72. As of February 22, 2012, there were 69 holders of record of our common stock. This figure does not reflect the beneficial ownership of shares held in nominee name.

If dividends are declared in a quarter, those dividends will be paid during the subsequent quarter. We expect to continue the policy of distributing our taxable income through regular cash dividends on a quarterly basis, although there is no assurance as to future dividends because they depend on future earnings, capital requirements, and our financial condition. In addition, our unsecured credit facility limits the amounts of dividends we can pay — see Note 4 of Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information.

(b) None.

(c) None.

 

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The following graph provides comparison of cumulative total stockholder return for the period from December 31, 2006 through December 31, 2011, among Medical Properties Trust, Inc., the Russell 2000 Index, NAREIT Equity REIT Index, and SNL US REIT Healthcare Index. The stock performance graph assumes an investment of $100 in each of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and the three indices, and the reinvestment of dividends. The historical information below is not indicative of future performance.

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

Total Return Performance

 

LOGO

 

     Period Ending  

Index

   12/31/06      12/31/07      12/31/08      12/31/09      12/31/10      12/31/11  

Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

     100.00         72.28         49.44         88.68         103.74         102.00   

Russell 2000

     100.00         98.43         65.18         82.89         105.14         100.75   

NAREIT All Equity REIT Index

     100.00         84.31         52.50         67.20         85.98         93.10   

SNL US REIT Healthcare

     100.00         101.44         90.32         115.37         137.64         157.58   

 

ITEM 6. Selected Financial Data

The following tables set forth our selected consolidated financial and operating data for Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. and their respective subsidiaries. You should read the following selected financial data in conjunction with the consolidated historical financial statements and notes thereto of each of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. and their respective subsidiaries included in Item 8, in this Form 10-K, along with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7, in this Form 10-K.

During the periods presented below, for those properties that have been sold, we reclassified the properties as held for sale and have reported revenue and expenses from these properties as discontinued operations for each period presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. This reclassification had no effect on our reported net income.

 

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Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

The consolidated balance sheet and operating data have been derived from Medical Properties’ audited consolidated financial statements. As of December 31, 2011, Medical Properties had a 99.8% equity ownership interest in the Operating Partnership. Medical Properties has no significant operations other than as the sole member of its wholly owned subsidiary, Medical Properties Trust, LLC, which is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, and no material assets, other than its direct and indirect investment in the Operating Partnership.

 

     2011(1)     2010(1)     2009(1)     2008(1)     2007(1)  

OPERATING DATA

          

Total revenue

   $ 143,319      $ 117,197      $ 114,038      $ 102,995      $ 74,981   

Depreciation and amortization

     (32,901     (22,830     (21,588     (21,606     (8,898

Property-related and general and administrative expenses

     (32,493     (32,933     (24,897     (23,754     (15,668

Impairment charge

     (564     (12,000     —          —          —     

Interest and other income

     96        1,518        43        86        363   

Debt refinancing costs

     (14,214     (6,716     —          —          —     

Interest expense

     (43,812     (33,988     (37,651     (42,405     (29,503
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     19,431        10,248        29,945        15,316        21,275   

Income from discontinued operations

     7,283        12,764        6,422        17,417        18,975   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     26,714        23,012        36,367        32,733        40,250   

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     (178     (99     (37     (33     (304
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 26,536      $ 22,913      $ 36,330      $ 32,700      $ 39,946   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations attributable to MPT common stockholders per diluted share

   $ 0.16      $ 0.09      $ 0.37      $ 0.22      $ 0.41   

Income from discontinued operations attributable to MPT common stockholders per diluted share

     0.07        0.13        0.08        0.28        0.39   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income, attributable to MPT common stockholders per diluted share

   $ 0.23      $ 0.22      $ 0.45      $ 0.50      $ 0.80   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares — diluted

     110,629        100,708        78,117        62,035        47,805   

OTHER DATA

          

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.80      $ 0.80      $ 0.80      $ 1.01      $ 1.08   

 

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     December 31,  
     2011(1)      2010(1)      2009(1)      2008(1)      2007(1)  

BALANCE SHEET DATA

              

Real estate assets — at cost

   $ 1,275,399       $ 1,028,062       $ 973,620       $ 990,937       $ 647,891   

Other loans and investments

     239,839         215,985         311,006         293,523         265,758   

Cash and equivalents

     102,726         98,408         15,307         11,748         94,215   

Total assets

     1,621,874         1,348,814         1,309,898         1,311,373         1,051,652   

Debt, net

     689,849         369,970         576,678         630,557         474,388   

Other liabilities

     103,210         79,268         61,645         54,473         57,937   

Total Medical Properties Trust, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity

     828,815         899,462         671,445         626,100         519,250   

Non-controlling interests

     —           114         130         243         77   

Total equity

     828,815         899,576         671,575         626,343         519,327   

Total liabilities and equity

     1,621,874         1,348,814         1,309,898         1,311,373         1,051,652   

 

(1) We invested $298.7 million, $158.4 million, $15.6 million, $469.5 million, and $342.0 million in real estate in 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively. The results of operations resulting from these investments are reflected in our consolidated financial statements from the dates invested. See Note 3 in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on acquisitions of real estate, new loans, and other investments. We funded these investments generally from issuing common stock, utilizing additional amounts of our revolving facility, incurring additional debt, or from the sale of facilities. See Notes 4, 9, and 11, in Item 8 on this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information regarding our debt, common stock and discontinued operations, respectively.

 

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MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

The consolidated balance sheet and operating data presented below have been derived from the operating partnership’s audited consolidated financial statements.

 

     2011(1)     2010(1)     2009(1)     2008(1)     2007(1)  

OPERATING DATA

          

Total revenue

   $ 143,319      $ 117,197      $ 114,038      $ 102,995      $ 74,981   

Depreciation and amortization

     (32,901     (22,830     (21,588     (21,606     (8,898

Property-related and general and administrative expenses

     (32,476     (32,858     (24,834     (23,754     (15,669

Impairment charge

     (564     (12,000     —          —          —     

Interest and other income

     96        1,518        43        86        364   

Debt refinancing costs

     (14,214     (6,716     —          —          —     

Interest expense

     (43,812     (33,988     (37,651     (42,405     (29,503
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     19,448        10,323        30,008        15,316        21,275   

Income from discontinued operations

     7,283        12,764        6,422        17,417        18,975   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     26,731        23,087        36,430        32,733        40,250   

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     (178     (99     (37     (33     (304
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. partners

   $ 26,553      $ 22,988      $ 36,393      $ 32,700      $ 39,946   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations attributable to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. partners per diluted unit

   $ 0.16      $ 0.09      $ 0.37      $ 0.22      $ 0.41   

Income from discontinued operations attributable to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. partners per diluted unit

     0.07        0.13        0.08        0.28        0.39   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income, attributable to MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. partners per diluted unit

   $ 0.23      $ 0.22      $ 0.45      $ 0.50      $ 0.80   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of units — diluted

     110,629        100,708        78,117        62,035        47,805   

OTHER DATA

          

Dividends declared per unit

   $ 0.80      $ 0.80      $ 0.80      $ 1.01      $ 1.08   

 

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     December 31,  
     2011(1)      2010(1)      2009(1)      2008(1)      2007(1)  

BALANCE SHEET DATA

              

Real estate assets — at cost

   $ 1,275,399       $ 1,028,062       $ 973,620       $ 990,938       $ 647,891   

Other loans and investments

     239,839         215,985         311,006         293,523         265,758   

Cash and equivalents

     102,726         98,408         15,307         11,743         94,189   

Total assets

     1,621,874         1,348,814         1,309,898         1,310,991         1,051,627   

Debt, net

     689,849         369,970         576,678         630,557         474,388   

Other liabilities

     102,820         78,895         61,348         53,856         57,677   

Total partners capital

     829,205         899,835         671,742         626,335         519,485   

Non-controlling interests

     —           114         130         243         77   

Total capital

     829,205         899,949         671,872         626,578         519,327   

Total liabilities and capital

     1,621,874         1,348,814         1,309,898         1,310,991         1,051,627   

 

(1) We invested $298.7 million, $158.4 million, $15.6 million, $469.5 million, and $342.0 million in real estate in 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively. The results of operations resulting from these investments are reflected in our consolidated financial statements from the dates invested. See Note 3 in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on acquisitions of real estate, new loans, and other investments. We funded these investments generally from issuing common stock, utilizing additional amounts of our revolving facility, incurring additional debt, or from the sale of facilities. See Notes 4, 9, and 11, in Item 8 on this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information regarding our debt, common stock and discontinued operations, respectively.

 

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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

Unless otherwise indicated, references to “our,” “we” and “us” in this management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations refer to Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

Overview

We were incorporated in Maryland on August 27, 2003 primarily for the purpose of investing in and owning net-leased healthcare facilities across the United States. We also make real estate mortgage loans and other loans to our tenants. We conduct our business operations in one segment. We have operated as a REIT since April 6, 2004, and accordingly, elected REIT status upon the filing in September 2005 of our calendar year 2004 Federal income tax return. Our existing tenants are, and our prospective tenants will generally be, healthcare operating companies and other healthcare providers that use substantial real estate assets in their operations. We offer financing for these operators’ real estate through 100% lease and mortgage financing and generally seek lease and loan terms on a long-term basis ranging from 10 to 15 years with a series of shorter renewal terms at the option of our tenants and borrowers. We also have included and intend to include in our lease and loan agreements annual contractual minimum rate increases. Our existing portfolio minimum escalators range from 1% to 4%, while a limited number of our properties do not have an escalator. Most of our leases and loans also include rate increases based on the general rate of inflation if greater than the minimum contractual increases. In addition to the base rent, our leases require our tenants to pay all operating costs and expenses associated with the facility. Some leases also require our tenants to pay percentage rents, which are based on the level of those tenants’ revenues from their operations. Finally, from time to time we acquire a profits or other equity interest in our tenants that gives us a right to share in the tenant’s income or loss.

We selectively make loans to certain of our operators through our taxable REIT subsidiaries, which they use for acquisitions and working capital. We consider our lending business an important element of our overall business strategy for two primary reasons: (1) it provides opportunities to make income-earning investments that yield attractive risk-adjusted returns in an industry in which our management has expertise, and (2) by making debt capital available to certain qualified operators, we believe we create for our company a competitive advantage over other buyers of, and financing sources for, healthcare facilities.

At December 31, 2011, our portfolio consisted of 62 properties: 55 healthcare facilities (of the 60 facilities that we own) are leased to 20 tenants, one is presently not under lease, four are under development, and the remainder are in the form of mortgage loans collateralized by interests in health care real estate to one operator.

Ernest Acquisition

On January 31, 2012, we entered into definitive agreements to make loans to and acquire assets from Ernest Health, Inc. (“Ernest”) and to make an equity contribution to the parent of Ernest for a combined purchase price and investment of $396.5 million, consisting of $200 million to purchase real estate assets, a first mortgage loan of $100 million, an acquisition loan for $93.2 million and a capital contribution of $3.3 million. On February 29, 2012, we closed and funded this acquisition and related investments.

Pursuant to a definitive real property asset purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”), we acquired from Ernest and certain of its subsidiaries (i) a portfolio of five rehabilitation facilities (including a ground lease interest relating to a community-based acute rehabilitation facility in Wyoming), (ii) seven long-term acute care facilities located in seven states and (iii) undeveloped land in Provo, Utah (collectively, the “Acquired Facilities”) for an aggregate purchase price of $200 million, subject to certain adjustments. The Acquired Facilities will be leased to subsidiaries of Ernest pursuant to a master lease agreement. The master lease agreement has a 20-year term with three five-year extension options and provides for an initial rental rate of 9%, with consumer price-indexed increases, limited to a 2% floor and 5% ceiling annually thereafter. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we also made Ernest a $100 million loan secured by a first mortgage interest in four subsidiaries of Ernest, which has terms similar to the leasing terms described above.

 

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To finance these transactions, on February 7, 2012, we completed an offering of 23,575,000 shares of our common stock (including 3,075,000 shares sold pursuant to the exercise in full of the underwriters’ over- allotment option), resulting in net proceeds (after underwriting discount) of $220.7 million. On February 17, 2012, we completed a $200 million offering of senior unsecured notes, resulting in net proceeds, after underwriting discount, of $196.5 million. In addition, we plan to close on a $80 million term loan and exercise the $70 million accordion feature on our revolving credit facility during the first quarter of 2012.

The following is a discussion of our highlights for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, which should be read in conjunction with the financial statements appearing in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Unless otherwise indicated, this discussion is for both Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. as Medical Properties Trust, Inc. has no significant operations other than those of MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.

2011 Highlights

In 2011, our primary business goals were to continue our growth pattern, improve diversification of our portfolio, recapitalize our balance sheet with longer-term unsecured debt, and increase our access to liquidity. We took the following actions to achieve these goals, among others:

 

   

Acquired real estate assets, entered into leases, made new loan investments and obtained equity interests in several tenants (under the RIDEA guidelines) totaling approximately $330 million as noted below:

 

   

Gilbert Hospital real estate—a 19-bed, 4-year old general acute care facility located in a suburb of Phoenix, Arizona for $17.1 million. We acquired this asset subject to an existing lease that expires in May 2022.

 

   

Atrium Medical Center at Corinth real estate—a 60-bed long-term acute care facility in the Dallas area for $23.5 million. Facility is subject to a lease that expires in June 2024. In addition, through one of our affiliates, we invested $1.3 million to acquire a 10% interest in the operations of the facility. We also made a $5.2 million working capital loan.

 

   

Bayonne Medical Center real estate—a 6-story, 278-bed acute care hospital in the New Jersey area of metropolitan New York for $58 million. Facility will be leased to the operator under a 15-year lease.

 

   

Alvarado Hospital real estate—a 306-bed general acute care facility in San Diego, California for $70 million. This facility will be leased to the operator under a 10-year lease.

 

   

Northland LTACH Hospital real estate—a 35-bed long-term acute care facility located in Kansas City for $19.5 million. We acquired this asset subject to an existing lease that expires in 2028.

 

   

Vibra Specialty Hospital of DeSoto real estate—a 40-bed long-term acute care facility in Desoto, Texas for $13.0 million. This facility will be leased for a fixed term of 15 years. In addition, we have made a $2.5 million equity investment in the operator of this facility for a 25% equity ownership.

 

   

New Braunfels real estate—a 40-bed long-term acute care facility in New Braunfels, Texas for $10.0 million. This facility will be leased for a fixed term of 15 years. In addition, we have made a $1.4 million equity investment for a 25% equity ownership in the operator of this facility and funded a $2.0 million working capital loan.

 

   

Emerus development project—entered into agreements with a joint venture of Emerus Holding, Inc. and Baptist Health System, to acquire, provide for development funding and lease three acute care hospitals for $30.0 million in the suburban markets of San Antonio, Texas. With the execution of these agreements, we funded $7.4 million during the fourth quarter of 2011, of which $6.2 million was used to acquire land for these three facilities. The three facilities upon

 

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completion will be leased under a master lease structure with an initial term of 15 years and three five-year extension options. We currently expect construction of these three facilities to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2012.

 

   

Hoboken University Medical Center real estate—a 350-bed acute care facility located in Hoboken, New Jersey. The total investment for this transaction was $75.0 million, comprising $50.0 million for the acquisition of an 100% ownership of the real estate, a secured working capital loan of up to $20.0 million ($15.1 million outstanding at December 31, 2011), and the purchase of a $5.0 million convertible note which provides us with the option to acquire up to 25% of the hospital operator. The lease with the tenant has an initial term of 15 years.

With these new investments, all of our diversification metrics have improved as noted below:

 

   

Tenant diversification—From an investment concentration perspective, Prime represented 25.3% of our total assets at December 31, 2011, down from 26.7% in the prior year.

 

   

Individual property diversification—On an individual property basis, we had no investment of any single property greater than 5.6% of our total assets as of December 31, 2011, down from 6.7% in the prior year.

 

   

Geographic diversification—Investments located in California represented 26.8% of our total assets at December 31, 2011, down from 28.6% in the prior year.

 

   

Substantially modified our credit profile by refinancing most of our secured debt with unsecured debt by issuing $450 million of senior unsecured notes with a fixed rate of 6.875% due in 2021. In connection with these notes, we amended our existing credit agreement to go unsecured on our revolving credit facility, extend the maturity to October 2015 and lowered our interest rate spread.

 

   

Sold our Morgantown and Sherman Oaks facilities for $41 million, resulting in gains of $5.4 million.

With the financing activities and property sales noted above, we funded our 2011 acquisition activity as well as paid off certain loans (including the remaining portion of our 2006 Exchangable notes) and extended our debt maturities. At December 31, 2011 (and excluding any subsequent events), we have approximately $50 million of principal payments due through October 2015.

2010 Highlights

In 2010, our primary business goals were to recapitalize our balance sheet with longer-term debt and lower leverage, increase our access to liquidity and accelerate our acquisitions of healthcare real estate. We took the following actions to achieve these goals among others:

 

   

Replaced old $220 million credit facility with a new $480 million credit facility and completed a $279 million stock offering, establishing a low leverage platform with more than $500 million of available capital for acquisition growth;

 

   

Purchased $128.8 million of our 6.125% Senior Notes, leaving only $9.2 million of the 2006 Exchangeable Notes remaining to be paid by November 2011; paid $30 million term loan maturing in 2010; completely paid down $40 million revolver;

 

   

Committed to more than $200 million in healthcare real estate investments:

 

   

Acquired three inpatient rehabilitation hospitals in Texas with a new tenant for $74 million;

 

   

Commenced redevelopment of the River Oaks hospital in Houston;

 

   

Entered into $30 million agreement to develop Phoenix-area general acute care hospital;

 

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Acquired two free standing long term acute care hospitals and a third property in the first quarter 2011, all leased to and operated by Kindred Healthcare Inc. (formerly RehabCare), the nation’s third largest operator of LTACHs, for $83.4 million.

 

   

Sold our Inglewood property for $75 million in cash realizing a $6.2 million gain, received $40 million in early payment of loans, and received $12 million in early receipt of rent related to transactions with Prime, lowering Prime concentration to 26.7% of our total assets;

 

   

Sold our Montclair Hospital for $20 million in cash realizing a gain of $2.2 million;

 

   

Sold our Sharpstown facility in Houston, Texas for $3 million in cash realizing a $0.7 million gain;

 

   

Received pre-payment of our Marina mortgage loan of $43 million;

 

   

Entered into interest rate swaps to fix $60 million of our senior notes starting October 30, 2011 (date on which the interest rate was scheduled to turn variable) through the maturity date at a rate of 5.675% and to fix $65 million of our senior notes, starting July 30, 2011 (date on which the interest rate was scheduled to turn variable) through maturity date, at a rate of 5.507%, which was expected to result in a $2.5 million annual savings on interest expense based on the then current fixed rate; and

 

   

Recorded a $12 million charge to recognize the estimated impairment of our Monroe working capital loan.

2009 Highlights

In 2009, our primary business goal was to preserve capital during the recent economic and credit crisis. Below are actions taken to achieve that goal along with other highlights for the year:

 

   

Issued 13.3 million shares of common stock resulting in net proceeds of $67.8 million;

 

   

Sold an acute care facility to Prime for $15.0 million, realizing a gain of $0.3 million;

 

   

Executed a $20 million mortgage loan, of which we advanced $15.0 million by end of year. Loan is collateralized by Prime’s Desert Valley facility. The purpose of the mortgage loan is to help fund a $35 million expansion and renovation project;

 

   

Re-leased our Bucks County facility within six months of terminating the previous lease on the facility due to tenant defaults;

 

   

Terminated leases on two of our Louisiana (Covington and Denham Springs) facilities but subsequently re-leased the Denham Springs facility with a new operator at similar terms within 2 months of the prior lease termination;

 

   

Entered into an at-the-market offering, which allows us to sell up to $50 million in stock the proceeds from which will be used for general corporate purposes, which may from time to time include reduction of our debt balances and investments in healthcare real estate and other assets; and

 

   

Settled the Stealth litigation.

Critical Accounting Policies

In order to prepare financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we must make estimates about certain types of transactions and account balances. We believe that our estimates of the amount and timing of our revenues, credit losses, fair values (either as part of a purchase price allocation or impairment analysis) and periodic depreciation of our real estate assets, and stock compensation expense, along with our assessment as to whether an entity that we do business with should be consolidated with our results, have significant effects on our financial statements. Each of these items involves estimates that require us to make subjective judgments. We rely on our experience, collect historical and current market data, and develop relevant assumptions to arrive at what we believe to be reasonable estimates. Under different conditions or assumptions, materially different amounts could be reported related to the accounting

 

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policies described below. In addition, application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment on the use of assumptions as to future uncertainties and, as a result, actual results could materially differ from these estimates. Our accounting estimates include the following:

Revenue Recognition: We receive income from operating leases based on the fixed, minimum required rents (base rents) per the lease agreements. Rent revenue from base rents is recorded on the straight-line method over the terms of the related lease agreements for new leases and the remaining terms of existing leases for acquired properties. The straight-line method records the periodic average amount of base rent earned over the term of a lease, taking into account contractual rent increases over the lease term. The straight-line method typically has the effect of recording more rent revenue from a lease than a tenant is required to pay early in the term of the lease. During the later parts of a lease term, this effect reverses with less rent revenue recorded than a tenant is required to pay. Rent revenue as recorded on the straight-line method in the consolidated statements of income is presented as two amounts: billed rent revenue and straight-line revenue. Billed rent revenue is the amount of base rent actually billed to the customer each period as required by the lease. Straight-line rent revenue is the difference between rent revenue earned based on the straight-line method and the amount recorded as billed rent revenue. We record the difference between base rent revenues earned and amounts due per the respective lease agreements, as applicable, as an increase or decrease to straight-line rent receivable.

Certain leases provide for additional rents contingent upon a percentage of the tenant revenue in excess of specified base amounts/thresholds (percentage rents). Percentage rents are recognized in the period in which revenue thresholds are met. Rental payments received prior to their recognition as income are classified as deferred revenue. We may also receive additional rent (contingent rent) under some leases when the U.S. Department of Labor consumer price index exceeds the annual minimum percentage increase in the lease. Contingent rents are recorded as billed rent revenue in the period earned.

In instances where we have a profits interest in our tenant’s operations, we record revenue equal to our percentage interest of the tenant’s profits, as defined in the lease or tenant’s operating agreements, once annual thresholds, if any, are met.

We begin recording base rent income from our development projects when the lessee takes physical possession of the facility, which may be different from the stated start date of the lease. Also, during construction of our development projects, we are generally entitled to accrue rent based on the cost paid during the construction period (construction period rent). We accrue construction period rent as a receivable and deferred revenue during the construction period. When the lessee takes physical possession of the facility, we begin recognizing the accrued construction period rent on the straight-line method over the remaining term of the lease.

We receive interest income from our tenants/borrowers on mortgage loans, working capital loans, and other long-term loans. Interest income from these loans is recognized as earned based upon the principal outstanding and terms of the loans.

Commitment fees received from development and leasing services for lessees are initially recorded as deferred revenue and recognized as income over the initial term of an operating lease to produce a constant effective yield on the lease (interest method). Commitment and origination fees from lending services are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized as income over the life of the loan using the interest method.

Investments in Real Estate. We record investments in real estate at cost, and we capitalize improvements and replacements when they extend the useful life or improve the efficiency of the asset. While our tenants are generally responsible for all operating costs at a facility, to the extent that we incur costs of repairs and maintenance, we expense those costs as incurred. We compute depreciation using the straight-line method over the weighted-average useful life of 37.4 years for buildings and improvements.

 

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When circumstances indicate a possible impairment of the value of our real estate investments (which was the case with our Denham Springs facility during 2011), we review the recoverability of the facility’s carrying value. The review of the recoverability is generally based on our estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, from the facility’s use and eventual disposition. Our forecast of these cash flows considers factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends, and residual value, as well as the effects of leasing demand, competition and other factors. If impairment exists due to inability to recover the carrying value of a facility, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the facility. We do not believe that the value of any of our facilities was impaired at December 31, 2011 or 2010; however, given the highly specialized aspects of our properties no assurance can be given that future impairment charges will not be taken.

Acquired Real Estate Purchase Price Allocation. We allocate the purchase price of acquired properties to net tangible and identified intangible assets acquired based on their fair values. In making estimates of fair values for purposes of allocating purchase prices of acquired real estate, we utilize a number of sources, including independent appraisals that may be obtained in connection with the acquisition or financing of the respective property and other market data. We also consider information obtained about each property as a result of our pre-acquisition due diligence, marketing and leasing activities in estimating the fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired.

We record above-market and below-market in-place lease values, if any, for the facilities we own which are based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases and (ii) management’s estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding in-place leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable term of the lease. We amortize any resulting capitalized above-market lease values as a reduction of rental income over the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases. We amortize any resulting capitalized below-market lease values as an increase to rental income over the initial term and any fixed-rate renewal periods in the respective leases. Because our strategy to a large degree involves the origination and acquisition of long term lease arrangements at market rates relative to our acquisition costs, we do not expect the above-market and below-market in-place lease values to be significant for many of our anticipated transactions.

We measure the aggregate value of other lease intangible assets to be acquired based on the difference between (i) the property valued with existing leases adjusted to market rental rates and (ii) the property valued as if vacant when acquired. Management’s estimates of value are made using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers (e.g., discounted cash flow analysis). Factors considered by management in our analysis include an estimate of carrying costs during hypothetical expected lease-up periods considering current market conditions, and costs to execute similar leases. We also consider information obtained about each targeted facility as a result of our pre-acquisition due diligence, marketing, and leasing activities in estimating the fair value of the tangible and intangible assets acquired. In estimating carrying costs, management includes real estate taxes, insurance and other operating expenses and estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up periods, which we expect to be about six months depending on specific local market conditions. Management also estimates costs to execute similar leases including leasing commissions, legal costs, and other related expenses to the extent that such costs are not already incurred in connection with a new lease origination as part of the transaction.

Other intangible assets acquired may include customer relationship intangible values, which are based on management’s evaluation of the specific characteristics of each prospective tenant’s lease and our overall relationship with that tenant. Characteristics to be considered by management in allocating these values include the nature and extent of our existing business relationships with the tenant, growth prospects for developing new business with the tenant, the tenant’s credit quality, and expectations of lease renewals, including those existing under the terms of the lease agreement, among other factors.

 

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We amortize the value of in-place leases to expense over the initial term of the respective leases, which have a weighted average useful life of 14.1 years at December 31, 2011. The value of customer relationship intangibles, if any, is amortized to expense over the initial term and any renewal periods in the respective leases, but in no event will the amortization period for intangible assets exceed the remaining depreciable life of the building. If a lease is terminated, the unamortized portion of the in-place lease value and customer relationship intangibles is charged to expense. At December 31, 2011, we have assigned no value to customer relationship intangibles.

Loans: Loans consist of mortgage loans, working capital loans and other long-term loans. Mortgage loans are collateralized by interests in real property. Working capital and other long-term loans are generally collateralized by interests in receivables and corporate and individual guarantees. We record loans at cost. We evaluate the collectability of both interest and principal for each of our loans to determine whether they are impaired. A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the existing contractual terms. When a loan is considered to be impaired, the amount of the allowance is calculated by comparing the recorded investment to either the value determined by discounting the expected future cash flows using the loans effective interest rate or to the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.

Losses from Rent Receivables: A provision for losses on rent receivables (including straight-line rent receivables) is recorded when it becomes probable that the receivable will not be collected in full. The provision is an amount which reduces the receivable to its estimated net realizable value based on a determination of the eventual amounts to be collected either from the debtor or from the collateral, if any.

Stock-Based Compensation. During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009 we recorded $7.0 million, $6.6 million, and $5.5 million, respectively, of expense for share-based compensation related to grants of restricted common stock, deferred stock units and other stock-based awards. In 2011, 2010, 2007 and 2006, we granted performance-based restricted share awards that vest based on the achievement of certain market conditions as defined by the accounting rules. Market conditions are vesting conditions which are based on our stock price levels or our total shareholder return (stock price and dividends) compared to an index of other REIT stocks. Because these awards vest based on the achievement of these market conditions, we must initially evaluate and estimate the probability of achieving those market conditions in order to determine the fair value of the award and over what period we should recognize stock compensation expense. For example, in 2007, the Compensation Committee made awards which are earned only if we achieve certain stock price levels, total shareholder return or other market conditions. The 2007 awards were made pursuant to our 2007 Multi-Year Incentive Plan (MIP) adopted by the Compensation Committee and consisted of three components: service-based awards, core performance awards (CPRE), and superior performance awards (SPRE). The service-based awards vest annually and ratably over a seven-year period. We recognize expense over the vesting period on the straight-line method for service based awards. The CPRE and SPRE awards vest based on the achievement of certain market conditions. Only one-third of the SPRE awards were earned as of December 31, 2010 (with the remainder being forfeited); however, these awards require additional service after being earned in order to vest. For the CPRE awards, the period over which the awards are earned is not fixed because the awards provide for cumulative measures over multiple years. The accounting rules require that we estimate the period over which the awards will likely be earned, regardless of the period over which the award allows as the maximum period over which it can be earned. Also, because some awards have multiple periods over which they can be earned, we must segregate individual awards into “tranches”, based on their vesting or estimated earning periods. These complexities required us to use an independent consultant to assist us in modeling both the value of the award and the various periods over which each tranche of an award will be earned. We used what is termed a Monte Carlo simulation model which determines a value and earnings periods based on multiple outcomes and their probabilities. Beginning in 2007, we recorded expense over the expected or derived vesting periods using the calculated value of the awards. We recorded expense over these vesting periods even though the awards have not yet been earned and, in fact, may never be earned.

 

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Principles of Consolidation: Property holding entities and other subsidiaries of which we own 100% of the equity or have a controlling financial interest evidenced by ownership of a majority voting interest are consolidated. All inter-company balances and transactions are eliminated. For entities in which we own less than 100% of the equity interest, we consolidate the property if we have the direct or indirect ability to control the entities’ activities based upon the terms of the respective entities’ ownership agreements. For these entities, we record a non-controlling interest representing equity held by non-controlling interests.

We continually evaluate all of our transactions and investments to determine if they represent variable interests in a variable interest entity. If we determine that we have a variable interest in a variable interest entity, we then evaluate if we are the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entity. The evaluation is a qualitative assessment as to whether we have the ability to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. We consolidate each variable interest entity in which we, by virtue of or transactions with our investments in the entity, are considered to be the primary beneficiary. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, we determined that we were not the primary beneficiary of any of our variable interest entities because we do not control the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these entities.

Disclosure of Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes known material contractual obligations as of December 31, 2011, excluding the impact of subsequent events (amounts in thousands):

 

Contractual Obligations

   Less Than
1  Year
     1-3 Years      3-5 Years      After
5  Years
     Total  

2006 senior unsecured notes(1)

   $ 6,984       $ 13,969       $ 138,048       $ —         $ 159,001   

Exchangeable senior notes

     1,018         11,508         —           —           12,526   

2011 senior unsecured notes

     30,937         61,875         61,875         589,219         743,906   

Revolving credit facilities(2)

     42,891         5,900         52,458         —           101,249   

Term loans

     1,135         2,269         2,269         13,984         19,657   

Operating lease commitments(3)

     2,408         4,062         3,570         41,780         51,820   

Purchase obligations(4)

     64,140         —           —           —           64,140   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 149,513       $ 99,583       $ 258,220       $ 644,983       $ 1,152,299   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) The interest rates on these notes are currently variable rates, but we entered into interest rate swaps to fix these interest rates until maturity. For $65 million of our $125 million Senior Notes, the rate is 5.507% and for $60 million of our $125 million Senior Notes the rate is 5.675%. See Note 4 of Item 8 to this Form 10-K for more information.
(2) This assumes balance and rate in effect at December 31, 2011 ($89,600 as of December 31, 2011) remains in effect through maturity. This also reflects unused credit facility fees assuming balance remains in effect through maturity.
(3) Most of our contractual obligations to make operating lease payments are related to ground leases for which we are reimbursed by our tenants along with corporate office and equipment leases.
(4) Includes approximately $56 million of future development expenditures related to Florence, our three Emerus properties, River Oaks re-development and other capital project expenditures. In addition, this includes an additional $5 million funding on a working capital loan with the operator of our Hoboken facility.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

2011 Cash Flow Activity

We generated cash of $79.3 million from operating activities during 2011 (including approximately $4.6 million from discontinued operations), which along with proceeds from our 2011 senior unsecured notes of $450 million, borrowings on our revolving credit facilities of $89.6 million, proceeds from the sale of our Morgantown

 

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and Sherman Oaks properties of $41.1 million and other receipts, were used to fund our dividends of $89.6 million, make principal payments on our debt of $246.3 million (including the buyback of 86.6% of our 9.25% exchangeable senior notes due 2013 (“2008 exchangeable notes”)), and fund new investments in the year of approximately $330 million.

In April 2011, our Operating Partnership and a wholly owned subsidiary of our Operating Partnership closed on a private offering of $450 million unsecured senior notes. These notes mature in 2021 and the interest rate is fixed at 6.875% per year. Contemporaneously with the closing of the notes, we repaid and terminated our $150 million term loan facility and our $9 million collateralized term loan facility. In connection with the notes offering, we amended our existing credit agreement, which now provides for a $330 million unsecured revolving credit facility that matures in October 2015. We paid down in full this revolving credit facility’s outstanding balance with the proceeds from the notes offering. In the 2011 third quarter, we used proceeds from our 2011 senior unsecured notes offering to repurchase 86.6% of the outstanding 2008 exchangeable notes at a weighted average price of 118.4% of the principal amount (or $84.1 million) plus accrued and unpaid interest pursuant to a cash tender offer.

As more fully described in Note 13 to Item 8 of this Form 10-K, we, subsequent to December 31, 2011, closed and funded the acquisition of and investments in Ernest Health, Inc. (“Ernest”) including an equity contribution to the parent of Ernest for a combined purchase price and investment of $396.5 million. To fund this acquisition, we completed or have initiated the following transactions subsequent to December 31, 2011:

 

  1) Common stock offering — On February 7, 2012, we completed an offering of 23,575,000 shares of our common stock (including 3,075,000 shares sold pursuant to the exercise in full of the underwriters’ over-allotment option) at a price of $9.75 per share, resulting in net proceeds (after underwriting discount) of $220.7 million.

 

  2) Senior unsecured notes offering — On February 17, 2012, we completed a $200 million offering of senior unsecured notes. These senior notes will accrue interest at a fixed rate of 6.375% per year and will mature on February 15, 2022. Net proceeds, after underwriting discount, from this senior notes offering was $196.5 million.

 

  3) Credit facilities — On January 25, 2012, we received a commitment letter and term sheet for a $80 million senior unsecured term loan facility that provides for customary financial and operating covenants, substantially consistent with our revolving credit facility. We expect to close on our new term loan facility shortly after the closing of the Ernest transactions described above. In addition to the new term loan facility, our existing revolving credit facility includes an accordion feature pursuant to which borrowings thereunder can be increased up to $400 million from $330 million. We have requested a $70 million increase in our revolving credit facility contemporaneously with the closing of our new term loan facility.

2010 Cash Flow Activity

We generated cash of $60.6 million from operating activities during 2010, which primarily consists of rent and interest from mortgage and working capital loans, which, along with cash on-hand, proceeds from the sale of stock and our Inglewood and Montclair properties and early loan prepayments by Prime and Marina, were principally used to fund our dividends of $77.1 million, real estate acquisitions of $138 million and our debt refinancing activities.

In April 2010, we completed a public offering (the “Offering”) of 26 million shares of common stock at $9.75 per share. Including the underwriters’ purchase of 3.9 million additional shares to cover over-allotments, net proceeds from this offering, after underwriters’ discounts and commissions, were $288.1 million. We have

 

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used the net proceeds from the Offering to pay off a $30 million term loan and to fund our purchase of 93% of the then outstanding 2006 exchangeable senior notes at a price of 103% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest (or $136.3 million).

In May 2010, we entered into a $450 million secured credit facility with a syndicate of banks and others, the proceeds of which, along with the Offering proceeds, were used to repay in full all outstanding obligations under an old $220 million credit facility. This new facility included a $300 million three-year term revolving facility (which was increased to $330 million in September 2010) and a $150 million six-year term loan. During the second quarter 2010, we entered into an interest rate swap to fix $65 million of our $125 million Senior Notes, which started July 31, 2011 (date on which the interest rate turned variable) through maturity date (or July 2016), at a rate of 5.507%. We also entered into an interest rate swap to fix $60 million of our senior notes which started October 31, 2011 (date on which the related interest rate turned variable) through the maturity date at a rate of 5.675%. In 2010, we sold the real estate of our Inglewood Hospital and Montclair Hospital to Prime for $75 million and $20 million, respectively, and received prepayment of our Marina mortgage loan of $43 million. Separately, Prime also repaid $40 million in outstanding loans plus accrued interest in April 2010. In addition, Prime paid us $12 million in additional rent related to our Shasta property.

2009 Cash Flow Activity

We generated cash of $62.8 million from operating activities during 2009, which, along with borrowings from our revolving credit facility, were used to fund our dividends of $61.6 million and investing activities of $12.1 million. In January 2009, we completed a public offering of 12.0 million shares of our common stock at $5.40 per share. Including the underwriters’ purchase of 1.3 million additional shares to cover over-allotments, net proceeds from this offering, after underwriting discount and commission and fees, were approximately $68 million. The net proceeds of this offering were generally used to repay borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facilities.

Debt Restrictions and Covenants

Our debt facilities impose certain restrictions on us, including restrictions on our ability to: incur debts; create or incur liens; provide guarantees in respect of obligations of any other entity; make redemptions and repurchases of our capital stock; prepay, redeem or repurchase debt; engage in mergers or consolidations; enter into affiliated transactions; dispose of real estate or other assets; and change our business. In addition, the credit agreement governing our revolving credit facility limits the amount of dividends we can pay to 120% of normalized adjusted funds from operations, as defined in the agreements, on a rolling four quarter basis starting for the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2012. Thereafter, a similar dividend restriction exists but the percentage drops each quarter until reaching 95% at March 31, 2013. The indenture governing our 2011 senior unsecured notes also limits the amount of dividends we can pay based on the sum of 95% of funds from operations, proceeds of equity issuances and certain other net cash proceeds. Finally, our 2011 senior unsecured notes (along with the senior unsecured notes entered into in 2012 in connection with the Ernest acquisition) require us to maintain total unencumbered assets (as defined in the related indenture) of not less than 150% of our unsecured indebtedness.

In addition to these restrictions, our debt facilities contain customary financial and operating covenants, including covenants relating to our total leverage ratio, fixed charge coverage ratio, mortgage secured leverage ratio, recourse mortgage secured leverage ratio, consolidated adjusted net worth, facility leverage ratio, and borrowing base interest coverage ratio. This facility also contains customary events of default, including among others, nonpayment of principal or interest, material inaccuracy of representations and failure to comply with our covenants. If an event of default occurs and is continuing under the facility, the entire outstanding balance may become immediately due and payable. At December 31, 2011, we were in compliance with all such financial and operating covenants.

 

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In order for us to continue to qualify as a REIT we are required to distribute annual dividends equal to a minimum of 90% of our REIT taxable income, computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and our net capital gains. See section titled “Distribution Policy” within this Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on our dividend policy along with the historical dividends paid on a per share basis.

Short-term Liquidity Requirements: At February 22, 2012 (and including the 2012 stock and senior unsecured notes offerings discussed above), our availability under our amended revolving credit facility plus cash on-hand approximated $780 million. Besides the expected payoff of our secured revolving credit facility for $39.6 million (which is secured by one property that has a net book value of $55.1 million at December 31, 2011), we have only nominal principal payments due in 2012 — see five-year debt maturity schedule below. We believe that the liquidity available to us, the new term loan to be entered into in 2012 (as discussed above) and our current monthly cash receipts from rent and loan interest, is sufficient to fund our operations, debt and interest obligations, our firm commitments (including capital expenditures, if any, and expected funding requirements on our Florence and Emerus development projects along with our River Oaks re-development project), and dividends in order to comply with REIT requirements along with our current investment strategies for the next twelve months (including the Ernest real estate acquisition and related investments discussed above). In addition, we have an at-the-market offering in place under which we may sell up to $50 million in shares (of which $10 million has been sold to-date), which may be used for general corporate purposes as needed.

Long-term Liquidity Requirements: As of December 31, 2011, we only have approximately $50 million in debt principal payments due between now and October 2015. With our liquidity at February 22, 2012 (including the proceeds from our 2012 stock and senior unsecured notes offerings) of $780 million along with our current monthly cash receipts from rent and loan interest availability under our at-the-market offering, and proceeds from the new term loan to be entered into in 2011, we believe we have the liquidity available to us to fund our operations, debt and interest obligations, dividends in order to comply with REIT requirements, firm commitments (including capital expenditures, if any) and investment strategies for the foreseeable future. As of February 22, 2012 (and after giving effect to the 2012 senior unsecured notes offering), principal payments due on our debt (which exclude the effects of any discounts recorded) are as follows (in thousands):

 

2012

   $ 39,797   

2013

     11,249   

2014

     265   

2015

     283   

2016

     125,299   

Thereafter

     663,101   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 839,994   
  

 

 

 

Results of Operations

We began operations during the second quarter of 2004. Since then, we have substantially increased our income earning investments each year (see “Overview” section in this item for more details), and we expect to continue to add to our investment portfolio, subject to the capital markets and other conditions described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Accordingly, we expect that future results of operations will vary from our historical results.

Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2011 was $26.5 million compared to net income of $22.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. As described below, the significant contributors to the difference between 2011 and 2010 net income is the incremental rent from acquired properties and higher

 

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impairment charges in 2010 related to our Monroe loan, partially offset by higher interest expense and debt refinancing costs as more fully described in Note 4 of Item 8 of this Form 10-K. FFO, after adjusting for certain items (as more fully described in Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures), was $78.0 million, or $0.71 per diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to $66.6 million, or $0.66 per diluted share for 2010.

A comparison of revenues for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 is as follows:

 

     2011            2010            Change  
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Base rents

   $ 113,862         79.5   $ 86,306         73.6   $ 27,556   

Straight-line rents

     5,794         4.0     1,933         1.6     3,861   

Percentage rents

     2,173         1.5     2,181         1.9     (8

Interest from loans

     21,220         14.8     26,196         22.4     (4,976

Fee income

     270         0.2     581         0.5     (311
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 143,319         100.0   $ 117,197         100.0   $ 26,122   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2011, was comprised of rents (85.0%) and interest and fee income from loans (15.0%). The increase in base rents and percentage rent is primarily due to incremental revenue from acquisitions made in 2011 and 2010 and additional rent generated from annual escalation provisions in our leases.

Straight line rents significantly increased from the prior year primarily due to approximately $1.7 million of unbilled rent that was reclassed to billed rent in the second quarter of 2010 with the additional rent payment received on our Shasta property and the write-off/reserve of $2.5 million and $0.2 million in straight-line rent receivables associated with our Monroe and Cleveland facilities, respectively.

Interest income decreased from the prior year due to the prepayment of $40 million in loans in the second quarter of 2010.

Real estate depreciation and amortization during 2011 was $32.9 million, compared to $22.8 million in 2010, a 44.1% increase, due to the incremental depreciation from the properties acquired during 2010 and 2011.

Property-related expenses during 2011 decreased from $4.4 million in 2010 to $1.1 million in 2011 due to the write-off of $2.4 million in receivables related to a former tenant in the fourth quarter of 2010 and $1.3 million of utility costs, repair and maintenance expense, legal, and property taxes associated with vacant facilities in 2010. No similar costs were incurred in 2011 as all of our facilities are currently fully operating with the exception of those facilities that are under development.

In the 2011 second quarter, we recognized a $0.6 million real estate impairment charge related to our Denham Springs facility, while, in the 2010 first quarter, we recognized a $12 million loan impairment charge related to our Monroe facility.

General and administrative expenses in 2011 and 2010 totaled $27.2 million and $26.5 million, respectively. We incurred higher travel costs and office expenses in 2011, which was offset by a $2.8 million charge recognized during the second quarter of 2010 as a result of the resignation of an executive officer.

Acquisition expenses increased from $2.0 million in 2010 to $4.2 million in 2011 due to increased acquisition activity and consummated deals.

Interest and other income is lower than prior year due to the $1.5 million gain from the exchange of our Cleveland property in 2010.

 

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Interest expense (including debt refinancing costs) for 2011 and 2010 totaled $58.0 million and $40.7 million, respectively. In 2011, we recorded a charge of $14.2 million related to our debt refinancing activities, while in 2010, we recorded a charge of $6.7 million for other refinancing activities. See Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 to this Form 10-K for further information on our debt refinancing activities. Excluding the debt refinancing charges, interest increased 28.9% for 2011 due to an increase in debt from the $450 million senior unsecured notes that we entered into in April 2011.

In addition to the items noted above, net income for the year was impacted by discontinued operations. See Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 to this Form 10-K for further information.

Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2009

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $22.9 million compared to net income of $36.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. As described below, the significant contributors to the difference between 2010 and 2009 net income is the impairment charge on the Monroe loan in 2010 and higher acquisition expenses in 2010 partially offset by incremental rent from acquired and re-leased properties in 2010. FFO, after adjusting for certain items (as more fully described in Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures), was $66.6 million, or $0.66 per diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to $61.5 million, or $0.79 per diluted share for 2009.

A comparison of revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 is as follows:

 

     2010            2009            Change  
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Base rents

   $ 86,306         73.6   $ 76,012         66.7   $ 10,294   

Straight-line rents

     1,933         1.6     8,038         7.0     (6,105

Percentage rents

     2,181         1.9     1,859         1.6     322   

Interest from loans

     26,196         22.4     27,704         24.3     (1,508

Fee income

     581         0.5     425         0.4     156   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 117,197         100.0   $ 114,038         100.0   $ 3,159   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2010, was comprised of rents (77.1%) and interest and fee income from loans (22.9%). The increase in base rents is primarily due to incremental revenue from acquisitions made in 2010 and other new investments along with the re-leasing of our Bucks and Covington properties.

Straight-line rents were significantly less compared to the prior year due to the $2.5 million write-off of straight-line rent receivables in third quarter 2010 associated with our Monroe facility; $0.2 million related to the Cleveland property exchange transaction in the third quarter 2010; and $1.7 million of straight-line rent that was reclassified as base rent in the 2010 second quarter upon the payment of $12 million by Prime pursuant to the additional rent provisions of the Shasta lease; partially offset by reserve/write-off of $1.1 million for our Covington and Denham Springs properties in the 2009 second quarter. In addition, 2009 straight-line rents included a $1.4 million adjustment for additional rent on our Shasta facility.

Interest income decreased from the prior year by 5.4% due to the prepayment of $40 million in loans in the second quarter of 2010.

Real estate depreciation and amortization during the year ended December 31, 2010 was $22.8 million, compared to $21.6 million in 2009, a 5.8% increase. Depreciation increased due to the incremental depreciation from the acquisitions in 2010.

Property-related expenses during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, totaled $4.4 million and $3.8 million, respectively, which represents an increase of 15.7%. This increase is primarily related to the

 

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write-off of $2.4 million in receivables related to a former tenant of our Bucks facility in the fourth quarter 2010. Of the property-related expenses in 2010 and 2009, $1.3 million and $3.3 million, respectively, represented utility costs, repair and maintenance expense, legal, and property taxes associated with vacant or previously vacant properties.

In the 2010 first quarter, we recognized a $12 million loan impairment charge related to our Monroe facility. No such charge was recorded in 2009.

Acquisition expenses in 2010 were $2.0 million from legal and other costs related to acquisition due diligence and closing costs. No such expenses were incurred in 2009 as we had suspended our acquisition activity during the recession.

General and administrative expenses during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, totaled $26.5 million and $21.1 million, respectively, which represents an increase of 25.7%. The majority of this increase relates to executive severance of $2.8 million recorded during the second quarter of 2010 as a result of the resignation of an executive officer; however, the remaining difference is due to higher legal, compensation and travel expenses in 2010.

Interest and other income is higher than prior year due to the $1.5 million gain from the exchange of our Cleveland property in 2010.

Interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 totaled $34.0 million and $37.7 million, respectively. This decrease is primarily due to lower debt balances in 2010 as a result of the debt refinancing during the second quarter. In regards to the debt refinancing, we recorded a charge of $6.7 million related to the write-off of previously deferred financing costs and the premiums we paid associated with the repurchase of a portion of our 2006 exchangeable notes.

In addition to the items noted above, net income for the year was impacted by discontinued operations. See Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 to this Form 10-K for further information.

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Investors and analysts following the real estate industry utilize funds from operations, or FFO, as a supplemental performance measure. While we believe net income available to common stockholders, as defined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), is the most appropriate measure, our management considers FFO an appropriate supplemental measure given its wide use by and relevance to investors and analysts. FFO, reflecting the assumption that real estate asset values rise or fall with market conditions, principally adjusts for the effects of GAAP depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, which assumes that the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. As defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, FFO represents net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (losses) on sales of real estate and impairment charges on real estate assets, plus real estate related depreciation and amortization and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We compute FFO in accordance with the NAREIT definition. FFO should not be viewed as a substitute measure of our operating performance since it does not reflect either depreciation and amortization costs or the level of capital expenditures and leasing costs necessary to maintain the operating performance of our properties, which are significant economic costs that could materially impact our results of operations. FFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP) as indicators of our financial performance or to cash flow from operating activities (computed in accordance with GAAP) as an indicator of our liquidity.

 

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The following table presents a reconciliation of net income attributable to MPT common stockholders to FFO for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009 ($ amounts in thousands except per share data):

 

     For the Year Ended  
     December 31,
2011
    December
31, 2010
    December 31,
2009
 

FFO information:

      

Net income attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 26,536      $ 22,913      $ 36,330   

Participating securities’ share in earnings

     (1,090     (1,254     (1,506
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income, less participating securities’ share in earnings

   $ 25,446      $ 21,659      $ 34,824   

Depreciation and amortization

      

Continuing operations

     32,901        22,830        21,588   

Discontinued operations

     1,808        3,008        4,307   

Gain on sale of real estate

     (5,431     (10,566     (278

Real estate impairment charge

     564        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Funds from operations

   $ 55,288      $ 36,931      $ 60,441   

Write-off of straight line rent

     2,471        3,694        1,078   

Acquisition costs

     4,184        2,026        —     

Debt refinancing costs

     14,214        6,716        —     

Executive severance

     —          2,830        —     

Loan impairment charge

     —          12,000        —     

Write-off of other receivables

     1,846        2,400        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Normalized funds from operations

   $ 78,003      $ 66,597      $ 61,519   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per diluted share data:

      

Net income, less participating securities’ share in earnings

   $ 0.23      $ 0.22      $ 0.45   

Depreciation and amortization

      

Continuing operations

     0.30        0.22        0.28   

Discontinued operations

     0.02        0.03        0.04   

Gain on sale of real estate

     (0.05     (0.10     —     

Real estate impairment charge

     —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Funds from operations

   $ 0.50      $ 0.37      $ 0.77   

Write-off of straight line rent

     0.02        0.03        0.02   

Acquisition costs

     0.04        0.02        —     

Debt refinancing costs

     0.13        0.07        —     

Executive severance

     —          0.03        —     

Loan impairment charge

     —          0.12        —     

Write-off of other receivables

     0.02        0.02        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Normalized funds from operations

   $ 0.71      $ 0.66      $ 0.79   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Distribution Policy

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT commencing with our taxable year that began on April 6, 2004 and ended on December 31, 2004. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that we distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gain, to our stockholders. It is our current intention to comply with these requirements and maintain such status going forward.

The table below is a summary of our distributions declared for the three year period ended December 31, 2011:

 

Declaration Date

  

Record Date

    

Date of Distribution

   Distribution per Share  

November 10, 2011

   December 8, 2011      January 5, 2012    $ 0.20   

August 18, 2011

   September 15, 2011      October 13, 2011    $ 0.20   

May 19, 2011

   June 16, 2011      July 14, 2011    $ 0.20   

February 17, 2011

   March 17, 2011      April 14, 2011    $ 0.20   

November 11, 2010

   December 9, 2010      January 6, 2011    $ 0.20   

August 19, 2010

   September 14, 2010      October 14, 2010    $ 0.20   

May 20, 2010

   June 17, 2010      July 15, 2010    $ 0.20   

February 18, 2010

   March 18, 2010      April 14, 2010    $ 0.20   

November 19, 2009

   December 17, 2009      January 14, 2010    $ 0.20   

August 20, 2009

   September 17, 2009      October 15, 2009    $ 0.20   

May 21, 2009

   June 11, 2009      July 14, 2009    $ 0.20   

February 24, 2009

   March 19, 2009      April 9, 2009    $ 0.20   

We intend to pay to our stockholders, within the time periods prescribed by the Internal Revenue Code (“Code”), all or substantially all of our annual taxable income, including taxable gains from the sale of real estate and recognized gains on the sale of securities. It is our policy to make sufficient cash distributions to stockholders in order for us to maintain our status as a REIT under the Code and to avoid corporate income and excise taxes on undistributed income. However, our unsecured credit facility limits the amounts of dividends we can pay — see Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 8 to this Form 10-K for further information.

 

ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Market risk includes risks that arise from changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, equity prices and other market changes that affect market sensitive instruments. In addition, the value of our facilities will be subject to fluctuations based on changes in local and regional economic conditions and changes in the ability of our tenants to generate profits, all of which may affect our ability to refinance our debt if necessary. The changes in the value of our facilities would be impacted also by changes in “cap” rates, which is measured by the current base rent divided by the current market value of a facility.

Our primary exposure to market risks relates to fluctuations in interest rates and equity prices. The following analyses present the sensitivity of the market value, earnings and cash flows of our significant financial instruments to hypothetical changes in interest rates and equity prices as if these changes had occurred. The hypothetical changes chosen for these analyses reflect our view of changes that are reasonably possible over a one-year period. These forward looking disclosures are selective in nature and only address the potential impact from financial instruments. They do not include other potential effects which could impact our business as a result of changes in market conditions. In addition, they do not include measures we may take to minimize our exposure such as entering into future interest rate swaps to hedge against interest rate increases on our variable rate debt.

 

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Interest Rate Sensitivity

For fixed rate debt, interest rate changes affect the fair market value but do not impact net income to common stockholders or cash flows. Conversely, for floating rate debt, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value but do impact net income to common stockholders and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant. At December 31, 2011, our outstanding debt totaled $689.8 million, which consisted of fixed-rate debt of $600.2 million (including $125.0 million of floating debt swapped to fixed) and variable rate debt of $89.6 million. If market interest rates increase by one-percentage point, the fair value of our fixed rate debt at December 31, 2011 would decrease by $36.6 million. Changes in the fair value of our fixed rate debt will not have any impact on us unless we decided to repurchase the debt in the open markets.

If market rates of interest on our variable rate debt increase by 1%, the increase in annual interest expense on our variable rate debt would decrease future earnings and cash flows by $0.9 million per year. If market rates of interest on our variable rate debt decrease by 1%, the decrease in interest expense on our variable rate debt would increase future earnings and cash flows by $0.9 million per year. This assumes that the average amount outstanding under our variable rate debt for a year is $89.6 million, the balance of our revolver at December 31, 2011.

Share Price Sensitivity

In the 2011 third quarter, we funded a cash tender offer for 86.6% of the outstanding 2008 exchangeable notes at a weighted average price of 118.4% of the principal amount (or $84.1 million) plus accrued and unpaid interest leaving only $11.0 million of these notes outstanding as of December 31, 2011. Our 2008 exchangeable notes have a conversion adjustment feature, which could affect their stated exchange ratio of 80.8898 common shares per $1,000 principal amount of notes, equating to an exchange price of $12.36 per common share. Our dividends declared since we sold the 2008 exchangeable notes have not adjusted our conversion price as of December 31, 2011. Future changes to the conversion price will depend on our level of dividends which cannot be predicted at this time. Any adjustments for dividend increases until the 2008 exchangeable notes are settled in 2013 will affect the price of the notes and the number of shares for which they may eventually be settled. Using the outstanding notes and, assuming a price of $20 per share, we would be required to issue an additional 0.3 million shares. At $25 per share, we would be required to issue an additional 0.4 million shares.

 

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ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

of Medical Properties Trust, Inc:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a) present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Medical Properties Trust, Inc. and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedules listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a) present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedules, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedules, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Birmingham, Alabama

February 29, 2012

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Partners

of MPT Operating Partnership, L.P.:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a) present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of MPT Operating Partnership, L.P. and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedules listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a) present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedules, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedules, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Birmingham, Alabama

February 29, 2012

 

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MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010  
     (Amounts in thousands,
except for per share data)
 
ASSETS   

Real estate assets

    

Land

   $ 111,309      $ 91,604   

Buildings and improvements

     1,079,787        858,571   

Construction in progress and other

     30,903        6,730   

Intangible lease assets

     53,400        33,643   

Mortgage loans

     165,000        165,000   

Real estate held for sale

     —          37,514   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross investment in real estate assets

     1,440,399        1,193,062   

Accumulated depreciation

     (93,430     (64,946

Accumulated amortization

     (10,307     (6,841
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment in real estate assets

     1,336,662        1,121,275   

Cash and cash equivalents

     102,726        98,408   

Interest and rent receivables

     29,862        26,176   

Straight-line rent receivables

     33,993        28,912   

Other loans

     74,839        50,985   

Other assets

     43,792        23,058   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 1,621,874      $ 1,348,814   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   

Liabilities

    

Debt, net

   $ 689,849      $ 369,970   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     51,125        35,974   

Deferred revenue

     23,307        23,137   

Lease deposits and other obligations to tenants

     28,778        20,157   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     793,059        449,238   

Commitments and Contingencies

    

Equity

    

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value. Authorized 10,000 shares; no shares outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.001 par value. Authorized 150,000 shares; issued and outstanding — 110,786 shares at December 31, 2011 and 110,225 shares at December 31, 2010

     111        110   

Additional paid-in capital

     1,055,256        1,051,785   

Distributions in excess of net income

     (214,059     (148,530

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (12,231     (3,641

Treasury shares, at cost

     (262     (262
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Medical Properties Trust, Inc. stockholders’ equity

     828,815        899,462   

Non-controlling interests

     —          114   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Equity

     828,815        899,576   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Equity

   $ 1,621,874      $ 1,348,814   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

55


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

     For the Years Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  
    

(Amounts in thousands,

except for per share data)

 

Revenues

      

Rent billed

   $ 116,035      $ 88,487      $ 77,871   

Straight-line rent

     5,794        1,933        8,038   

Interest and fee income

     21,490        26,777        28,129   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     143,319        117,197        114,038   

Expenses

      

Real estate depreciation and amortization

     32,901        22,830        21,588   

Impairment charge

     564        12,000        —     

Property-related

     1,090        4,398        3,801   

Acquisition expenses

     4,184        2,026        —     

General and administrative

     27,219        26,509        21,096   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expense

     65,958        67,763        46,485   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     77,361        49,434        67,553   

Other income (expense)

      

Interest and other income

     96        1,518        43   

Debt refinancing costs

     (14,214     (6,716     —     

Interest expense

     (43,812     (33,988     (37,651
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net other expenses

     (57,930     (39,186     (37,608
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

     19,431        10,248        29,945   

Income from discontinued operations

     7,283        12,764        6,422   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     26,714        23,012        36,367   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     (178     (99     (37
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 26,536      $ 22,913      $ 36,330   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share — basic

      

Income from continuing operations attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 0.16      $ 0.09      $ 0.37   

Income from discontinued operations attributable to MPT common stockholders

     0.07        0.13        0.08   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 0.23      $ 0.22      $ 0.45   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding — basic

     110,623        100,706        78,117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings per share — diluted

      

Income from continuing operations attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 0.16      $ 0.09      $ 0.37   

Income from discontinued operations attributable to MPT common stockholders

     0.07        0.13        0.08   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to MPT common stockholders

   $ 0.23      $ 0.22      $ 0.45   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding — diluted

     110,629        100,708        78,117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

56


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Equity

For the Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

    Preferred     Common     Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Distributions
in Excess
of Net
Income
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Treasury
Stock
    Non-Controlling
Interests
    Total
Equity
 
    Shares     Par
Value
    Shares     Par
Value
             

Balance at December 31, 2008

    —        $ —          65,056      $ 65      $ 686,238      $ (59,941   $ —        $ (262   $ 243      $ 626,343   

Comprehensive income:

                   

Net income

    —          —          —          —          —          36,330        —          —          37        36,367   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    —          —          —          —          —          36,330        —          —          37        36,367   

Deferred stock units issued to directors

    —          —          52        1        5        (4     —          —          —          2   

Stock vesting and amortization of stock-based compensation

    —          —          246        —          5,488        —          —          —          —          5,488   

Distributions to non-controlling interests

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          (150     (150

Proceeds from offering (net of offering costs)

    —          —          13,371        13        67,990        —          —          —          —          68,003   

Dividends declared ($0.80 per common share)

    —          —          —          —          —          (64,478     —          —          —          (64,478
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2009

    —        $ —          78,725      $ 79      $ 759,721      $ (88,093   $ —        $ (262   $ 130      $ 671,575   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

                   

Net income

    —          —          —          —          —          22,913        —          —          99        23,012   

Unrealized loss on interest rate swaps

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (3,641     —          —          (3,641
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    —          —          —          —          —          22,913        (3,641     —          99        19,371   

Stock vesting and amortization of stock-based compensation

    —          —          700        —          6,616        —          —          —          —          6,616   

Proceeds from offering (net of offering costs)

    —          —          30,800        31        288,035        —          —          —          —          288,066   

Extinguishment of convertible debt

    —          —          —          —          (2,587     —          —          —          —          (2,587

Distributions to non-controlling interests

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          (115     (115

Dividends declared ($0.80 per common share)

    —          —          —          —          —          (83,350     —          —          —          (83,350
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2010

    —        $ —          110,225      $ 110      $ 1,051,785      $ (148,530   $ (3,641   $ (262   $ 114      $ 899,576   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

                   

Net income

    —          —          —          —          —          26,536        —          —          178        26,714   

Unrealized loss on interest rate swaps

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (8,590     —          —          (8,590
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

    —          —          —          —          —          26,536        (8,590     —          178        18,124   

Stock vesting and amortization of stock-based compensation

    —          —          561        1        6,982        —          —          —          —          6,983   

Extinguishment of convertible debt

    —          —          —          —          (3,070     (2,431     —          —          —          (5,501

Purchase of non-controlling interest

    —          —          —          —          (441     —          —          —          (83     (524

Distributions to non-controlling interests

    —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          (209     (209

Dividends declared ($0.80 per common share)

    —          —          —          —          —          (89,634     —          —          —          (89,634
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

    —        $ —          110,786      $ 111      $ 1,055,256      $ (214,059   $ (12,231   $ (262   $ —        $ 828,815   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

57


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

MEDICAL PROPERTIES TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2011     2010     2009  
    (Amounts in thousands)  

Operating activities

     

Net income

  $ 26,714      $ 23,012      $ 36,367   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

     

Depreciation and amortization

    35,477        26,312        26,309   

Amortization and write-off of deferred financing costs and debt discount

    9,289        6,110        5,824   

Premium on extinguishment of debt

    13,091        3,833        —     

Straight-line rent revenue

    (7,142     (4,932     (9,536

Share-based compensation expense

    6,983        6,616        5,488   

(Gain) loss from sale of real estate

    (5,431     (10,566     (278

Provision for uncollectible receivables and loans

    1,499        14,400        —     

Straight-line rent write-off

    2,470        3,694        1,111   

Payment of discount on extinguishment of debt

    (4,850     (7,324     —     

Other adjustments

    1,622        (30     (1,167

Decrease (increase) in:

     

Interest and rent receivable

    (6,118     (5,490     (2,433

Other assets

    142        (566     126   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    5,354        (3,177     1,700   

Deferred revenue

    170        8,745        (760
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

    79,270        60,637        62,751   

Investing activities

     

Real estate acquired

    (246,511     (137,808     (421

Proceeds from sale of real estate

    41,130        97,669        15,000   

Principal received on loans receivable

    4,289        90,486        4,305   

Investment in loans receivable

    (28,144     (11,637     (23,243

Construction in progress

    (22,999     (6,638     —     

Other investments, net

    (13,386     (9,291     (7,777
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used for) provided by investing activities

    (265,621     22,781        (12,136

Financing activities

     

Proceeds from term debt, net of discount

    450,000        148,500        —     

Payments of term debt

    (246,262     (216,765     (1,232

Payment of deferred financing costs

    (15,454     (6,796     232   

Revolving credit facilities, net

    89,600        (137,200     (55,800

Distributions paid

    (89,601     (77,087     (61,649

Lease deposits and other obligations to tenants

    8,621        3,667        3,390   

Proceeds from sale of common shares, net of offering costs

    —          288,066        68,003   

Other

    (6,235     (2,702     —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

    190,669        (317     (47,056
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase in cash and cash equivalents for the year

    4,318        83,101        3,559   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

    98,408        15,307        11,748   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

  $ 102,726      $ 98,408      $ 15,307   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest paid, including capitalized interest of $896 in 2011, $63 in 2010, and $ — in 2009

  $ 38,463      $ 29,679      $ 33,272   

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing activities:

     

Real estate acquired via assumption of mortgage loan

  $ (14,592   $ —        $ —     

Supplemental schedule of non-cash financing activities:

     

Assumption of mortgage loan (as part of real estate acquired)

  $ 14,592      $ —        $ —     

Dividends declared, not paid

    22,407        22,374        16,110   

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

58


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

MPT OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

    December 31,  
            2011                     2010          
    (Amounts in thousands,
except for per share data)
 
ASSETS   

Real estate assets

   

Land

  $ 111,309      $ 91,604   

Buildings and improvements

    1,079,787        858,571   

Construction in progress and other

    30,903        6,730   

Intangible lease assets

    53,400        33,643   

Mortgage loans

    165,000        165,000   

Real estate held for sale

    —          37,514   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross investment in real estate assets

    1,440,399        1,193,062   

Accumulated depreciation

    (93,430     (64,946

Accumulated amortization

    (10,307     (6,841
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment in real estate assets

    1,336,662        1,121,275   

Cash and cash equivalents

    102,726        98,408   

Interest and rent receivables

    29,862        26,176   

Straight-line rent receivables

    33,993        28,912   

Other loans

    74,839        50,985   

Other assets

    43,792        23,058   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

  $ 1,621,874      $ 1,348,814   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL   

Liabilities

   

Debt, net

  $ 689,849      $ 369,970   

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    28,780        13,658   

Deferred revenue

    23,307        23,137   

Lease deposits and other obligations to tenants

    28,778        20,157   

Payable due to Medical Properties Trust, Inc.

    21,955        21,943   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

    792,669        448,865   

Commitments and Contingencies

   

Capital

   

General partner — issued and outstanding — 1,107 units at December 31, 2011 and 1,102 units at December 31, 2010

    8,418        9,035   

Limited Partners:

   

Common units — issued and outstanding — 109,679 units at December 31, 2011 and 109,123 units at December 31, 2010

    833,018        894,441   

LTIP units — issued and outstanding – 150 units at December 31, 2011 and 94 units at December 31, 2010

    —          —     

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (12,231     (3,641
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total MPT Operating Partnership Capital

    829,205        899,835   

Non-controlling interests

    —          114   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total capital

    829,205        899,949   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Capital

  $ 1,621,874      $ 1,348,814   
 

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

59


Table of Contents
Index to Financial Statements

MPT OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

     For the Years Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  
     (Amounts in thousands,
except for per unit data)
 

Revenues

      

Rent billed

   $ 116,035      $ 88,487      $ 77,871   

Straight-line rent

     5,794        1,933        8,038   

Interest and fee income

     21,490        26,777        28,129   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues