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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART IV

Table of Contents

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K

(Mark One)    

ý

 

Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

OR

o

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                   to                 

Commission File Number 000-50923



WILSHIRE BANCORP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

California
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  20-0711133
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

3200 Wilshire Blvd.
Los Angeles, California

(Address of principal executive offices)

 


90010
(Zip Code)

(213) 387-3200
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act

Common Stock, no par value
(Title of each class)
  The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC
(Name of Each Exchange on which registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act : None



         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§232.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

         The aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2014 was approximately $722.2 million (computed based on the closing sale price of the registrant's common stock at $10.27 per share as of such date as quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market).

         The number of shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding as of February 20, 2015 was 78,329,554.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

         Portions of the registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement relating to the registrant's 2015 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, where indicated.

   


Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and Information

    3  

PART I

 

 

   
 
 

Item 1.

 

Business

    3  

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

    32  

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

    44  

Item 2.

 

Properties

    44  

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

    46  

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

    46  

PART II

 

 

   
 
 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

    47  

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

    51  

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    53  

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    100  

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

    102  

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    102  

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

    102  

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

    104  

PART III

 

 

   
 
 

Item 10.

 

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

    104  

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

    104  

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners, Management and Related Shareholder Matters

    104  

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

    104  

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

    104  

PART IV

 

 

   
 
 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

    105  

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND INFORMATION

        This Annual Report on Form 10-K, or the "Report," the other reports, statements, and information that we have previously filed or that we may subsequently file with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and public announcements that we have previously made or may subsequently make include, incorporate by reference or may incorporate by reference certain statements that are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and are intended to enjoy the benefits of that Act. The forward-looking statements included or incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K and those reports, statements, information and announcements address activities, events or developments that Wilshire Bancorp, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries hereinafter referred to as "the Company," "we," "us," or "our" unless the context requires otherwise) expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future. Any statements in this document about expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and are forward-looking statements. These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as "may," "should," "could," "predict," "potential," "believe," "will likely result," "expect," "will continue," "anticipate," "seek," "estimate," "intend," "plan," "projection," "would" and "outlook," and similar expressions. Accordingly, these statements involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in them. Any forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed throughout this document. It is important to note that our actual results may differ materially from those in such forward-looking statements due to fluctuations in interest rates, inflation, government regulations, economic conditions, customer disintermediation and competitive product and pricing pressures in the geographic and business areas in which we conduct operations, as well as the factors discussed elsewhere in this Report, including the discussion under the section entitled "Risk Factors."

        The risk factors referred to in this Report could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us, and you should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which will arise. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.


PART I

Item 1.    Business

General

        Wilshire Bancorp, Inc. is a bank holding company offering a broad range of financial products and services primarily through our main subsidiary, Wilshire Bank, a California state-chartered commercial bank, which we sometimes refer to in this Report as the "Bank." The Company succeeded to the business and operations of the Bank upon consummation of the reorganization of the Bank into a holding company structure, effective as of August 25, 2004. In October 2013, we changed the name of our subsidiary from Wilshire State Bank to Wilshire Bank. Our corporate headquarters and primary banking facilities are located at 3200 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90010. In addition, the Bank has 34 full-service branch offices in Southern California, Texas, New Jersey, and the greater New York City metropolitan area. We also have 4 loan production offices, or "LPOs", utilized primarily for the origination of loans under our Small Business Administration, or "SBA", lending program in California, Colorado, Georgia, and Washington. During 2014, we opened a new branch office in Houston, Texas in an effort to expand our presence in this market.

        Deposits in Wilshire Bank are insured up to the maximum limits authorized under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended, or the "FDIA." Like most state-chartered banks of our size in

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California, we are not a member of the Federal Reserve System, but we are a member of Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, a congressionally chartered Federal Home Loan Bank. At December 31, 2014, we had approximately $4.16 billion in assets, $3.32 billion in total loans (net of deferred fees and including loans held-for-sale), and $3.40 billion in deposits.

        We operate a community bank focused on the general commercial banking business, with our primary market encompassing the multi-ethnic populations of Southern California, Texas, New Jersey, and the New York metropolitan area. Our client base reflects the ethnic diversity of these communities.

        To address the needs of our multi-ethnic customer base, we have many multilingual employees who are able to converse with our clientele in their native languages. We believe that the ability to speak the native language and understand the different traditions of our customers assists us in tailoring products and services for our customers' needs.

2013 Acquisitions

        During the fourth quarter of 2013, we completed the acquisitions of BankAsiana, previously headquartered in Palisades Park, New Jersey, and Saehan Bancorp ("Saehan"), previously headquartered in Los Angeles, California. The acquisition of BankAsiana was completed on October 1, 2013 and the acquisition of Saehan was completed on November 20, 2013. With the completion of the acquisitions, three branches in the New York/New Jersey area and ten branches in Southern California were added to our existing branch network, of which three California branches were subsequently closed as part of the acquisition integration plan.

        The acquisitions were accounted for in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and the assets and liabilities of BankAsiana and Saehan were recorded at fair value as of the acquisition dates. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company finalized its acquisition accounting adjustment for the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan Bancorp. The resulting net adjustments to goodwill was a reduction of $55,000. Goodwill recorded from the acquisitions for the fourth quarter of 2013 totaled $60.8 million in the aggregate, $10.8 million from the acquisition of BankAsiana and $50.0 million from the acquisition of Saehan.

Available Information

        We maintain an Internet website at www.wilshirebank.com. We post our filings with the SEC on the Investor Relations portion of our website, where such filings are available free of charge, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, our Current Reports on Form 8-K, our proxy and information statements, and any amendments to those reports or statements as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed or furnished under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or "Exchange Act". In addition to our SEC filings, certain corporate governance documents, including our Personal and Business Code of Conduct can be found on the Investor Relations page of our website. We also post separately on our website all filings made by persons pursuant to Section 16 of the Exchange Act. The information on or that is accessible through our website is not incorporated by reference into this Report. You may also read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC's Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0220. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

Future Growth

        As part of our efforts to achieve stable and long-term profitability and respond to the changing economic environment in Southern California and our other primary markets, we constantly evaluate a variety of options to augment our traditional focus by broadening the services and products we provide.

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Possible avenues of growth include more branch locations, expanded days and hours of operation, and new types of lending and deposit products. To date, we have not expanded into areas of brokerage or similar investment products and services but rather, have concentrated primarily on the core businesses of accepting deposits, making loans, and extending credit.

        In 2015, we plan to continue to closely monitor and review the loan production levels of our branches and LPOs, while increasing our marketing efforts in our primary markets. During 2013, we acquired BankAsiana in an effort to expand our presence in the East Coast markets. We also acquired Saehan in 2013 as a means to expand our network in our main market of Southern California. In 2015, we plan to open a couple branches in the Southeastern United States.

        In the beginning of 2015, the Company acquired certain assets and assumed certain operations of Bank of Manhattan's Mortgage Lending Division. The division first formed in 2010, offers conforming, super-conforming, and jumbo residential mortgage products, and has originated over $3.0 billion in residential loans since 2012. The Company will operate on an ongoing basis a scaled down model of the Mortgage Lending Division operations. The transaction is expected to close during the first quarter of 2015, and combined with our Mortgage Lending Department will help to increase residential mortgage originations and fee income related to the sale of residential mortgage loans.

Lending Activities

    General

        Our loan policies set forth the basic guidelines and procedures by which we conduct our lending operations. These policies address the types of loans available, underwriting and collateral requirements, loan terms, interest rate and yield considerations, compliance with laws and regulations, and our internal lending limits. Our Bank Board of Directors reviews and approves our loan policies on an annual basis. We supplement our own supervision of the loan underwriting and approval process with periodic loan audits by experienced external loan specialists who review credit quality, loan documentation, and compliance with laws and regulations. We engage in a full complement of lending activities, including:

    commercial real estate and home mortgage lending,

    commercial business lending and warehouse lending,

    SBA lending,

    consumer loans,

    trade finance, and

    construction lending.

    Loan Procedures

        Loan applications may be approved by the Directors Loan Committee of our Bank Board of Directors, by our management, or lending officers to the extent of their lending authority. Our Bank Board of Directors authorizes the lending limits of management. The President and the Chief Credit Officer of the Bank are responsible for evaluating the lending authority limits for individual credit officers and recommending lending limits for all other officers to the Bank Board of Directors for approval.

        We grant individual lending authority to the President, Chief Credit Officer, and select department managers of the Bank. Loans for which direct and indirect borrower liability exceeds an individual's lending authority are referred to the Management Loan Committee of the Bank (a five-member committee comprised of the President, Chief Credit Officer, Chief CRE Lending Officer, Chief Commercial Banking Officer and alternating between one of the two Senior Credit Managers) or our Bank Directors Loan Committee.

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        At December 31, 2014, our authorized legal lending limit was $88.9 million for unsecured loans, plus an additional $59.3 million for specifically secured loans. Legal lending limits are calculated in conformance with California law, which prohibits a bank from lending to any one individual or entity or its related interests in an aggregate amount which exceeds 15% of shareholders' equity, plus the allowance for loan losses, and capital notes and debentures, on an unsecured basis, plus an additional 10% on a secured basis. The Bank's shareholders' equity plus allowance for loan losses, and capital notes and debentures at December 31, 2014 totaled $592.7 million.

        Since 2012, we have continued to experience an increase in overall gross loans with new originations focusing primarily on commercial real estate, SBA, commercial, and residential mortgage loans, including warehouse lines of credit. In order to gain market shares in a highly competitive environment, we offered new and refinanced loans at current pricing trends which included low fixed rates for terms of 5 to 7 years. In 2013, the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan also contributed to in an increase in total loans.

        We seek to mitigate the risks inherent in our loan portfolio by adhering to our underwriting policies. The review of each loan application includes analysis of the applicant's prior credit history, income level, cash flow, and financial condition, analysis of tax returns, cash flow projections, the value of any collateral used to secure the loan, and also based upon reports of independent appraisers and audits of accounts receivable or inventory pledged as security. In the case of real estate loans over a specified amount, the review of the collateral value includes an appraisal report prepared by an independent Bank-approved appraiser. From time to time, we purchase participation interests in loans made by other financial institutions. These loans are generally subject to the same underwriting criteria and approval process as loans made directly by us.

        In order to maximize efficiencies and to operate an effective loan underwriting, approval, and renewal processes, our loan officers are separated from marketing officers and branch managers who are generally responsible for loan marketing. In addition, we have a total of five underwriting centers as of December 31, 2014, all of which follow strict standardized underwriting procedures. Subsequent to originations, we employ a loan monitoring procedure that requires underwriters to manage their loans by performing periodic assessments of credits. Depending on loan types and risk grades, monitoring is required quarterly, semi-annually, or annually. A standard condensed monitoring form called the "Asset Review Memo" ("ARM"), is used to monitor credits by focusing on the most essential credit elements such as cash flows, payment history, property tax delinquency status, credit scores, compliance of covenants and conditions, and proper allocation of loan risk grade.

    Real Estate Loans and Home Mortgages

        We offer commercial real estate loans to finance the acquisition of, or to refinance the existing mortgages on commercial properties, which include retail shopping centers, office buildings, industrial buildings, warehouses, hotels, automotive industry facilities, apartment buildings, and other commercial properties. Our commercial real estate loans are typically collateralized by first or junior deeds of trust on specific commercial properties, and, when possible, subject to corporate or individual guarantees from financially capable parties. The properties collateralizing real estate loans are principally located in the markets where our retail branches are located. These locations include Southern California, Texas, New Jersey, and the greater New York City metropolitan area. However, we also provide commercial real estate loans through our LPOs. Real estate loans typically bear an interest rate that floats with our base rate, the prime rate, or another established index. Many of our new real estate loan originations, however, bear fixed rather than floating rates due to the highly competitive market environment. As such, we have expanded the number of fixed rate commercial mortgages with maturities that generally do not exceed 7 years. Some refinances of existing real estate loans also had higher loan-to-value ("LTV") ratios because collateral values have decreased since initial origination five to seven years earlier. For these refinances, other factors including but not limited to good payment history, high credit scores, sufficient cash flow, and

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the guarantor's overall financial strength were considered to mitigate credit risks. At December 31, 2014, real estate loans, including construction loans constituted approximately 81.0% of our loan portfolio.

        Commercial real estate loans typically have 7-year maturities with up to 25-year amortization of principal and interest and loan-to-value ratios of 60-70% at origination of the appraised value or purchase price, whichever is lower. We usually impose a prepayment penalty during the period within three to five years of the date of the loan, but typically waive the prepayment penalty if the property is sold to a third party.

        Construction loans are provided to build new structures, or to substantially improve the existing structure of commercial, residential, and other income-producing properties. These loans generally have one to two year terms, with an option to extend the loan for additional periods to complete construction and to accommodate the lease-up period. We usually require a 20-30% equity capital investment by the developer and loan-to-value ratios of not more than 60-70% of the anticipated completion value.

        Our total home mortgage loan portfolio outstanding at the end of 2014 and 2013 was $146.1 million and $128.5 million, respectively. We did not have any residential loans with interest only payments at December 31, 2014 or 2013.

        We consider subprime mortgages to be loans secured by real property made to a borrower (or borrowers) with a diminished or impaired credit rating or with a limited credit history. We are focused on producing loans with only prime rated borrowers which we consider borrowers with FICO scores of at least 660. As of December 31, 2014, our loan portfolio currently has no subprime exposure.

        Our real estate loan portfolio is subject to certain risks, including:

    a decline in the economies of our primary markets,

    interest rate increases,

    a reduction in real estate values in our primary markets,

    increased competition in pricing and loan structure, and

    environmental risks, including natural disasters.

        We strive to reduce the exposure to such risks by (a) reviewing each new loan request and renewal individually, (b) using a dual signature approval system for the approval of each loan request for loans over a certain dollar amount, (c) adherence to written loan policies, including, among other factors, minimum collateral requirements, maximum loan-to-value ratio requirements, cash flow requirements, and personal guarantees, (d) independent appraisals, (e) external independent credit review, and (f) conducting environmental reviews, where appropriate. We review each loan request on the basis of our ability to recover both principal and interest in view of the inherent risks.

    Commercial Business and Warehouse Lending

        We offer commercial business loans to business entities such as sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations. These loans include business lines of credit and business term loans to finance operations, to provide working capital, or for specific purposes, such as to finance the purchase of assets, equipment, or inventory. Since a borrower's cash flow from operations is generally the primary source of repayment, our policies provide specific guidelines regarding required debt coverage and other important financial ratios.

        Lines of credit are extended to businesses or individuals based on the financial strength and integrity of the borrower. These lines of credit are secured primarily by business assets such as accounts receivable or inventory, and have a maturity of one year or less. Such lines of credit bear an interest rate that floats with our base rate, the prime rate, or another established index. We also provide warehouse lines of credit to mortgage loan originators. The lines of credit are used by these originators to fund mortgages which are

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then pledged to the Bank as collateral until the mortgage loans are sold and the lines of credit are paid down. The typical duration of these lines of credit from the time of funding to pay-down ranges from 10-30 days. Although collateralized by mortgage loans, the structure of warehouse lending agreements results in the commercial loan treatment for warehouse loans. Warehouse loans at December 31, 2014 totaled $166.9 million, up from $45.2 million at December 31, 2013.

        Business term loans are typically made to finance the acquisition of fixed assets, refinance short-term debts, or to finance the purchase of businesses. Business term loans generally have terms from one to seven years. They may be collateralized by the assets being acquired or other available assets and bear interest rates, which either float with our base rate, prime rate, another established index, or is fixed for the term of the loan.

        We also provide other banking services tailored to the small business market. We have focused on diversifying our loan portfolio, which has led to an increase in commercial business loans to small- and medium-sized businesses.

        Our portfolio of commercial loans is subject to certain risks, including:

    a decline in the economy in our primary markets,

    interest rate increases, and

    deterioration of a borrower's or guarantor's financial capabilities.

        We attempt to reduce the exposure to such risks by (a) reviewing each new loan request and renewal individually, (b) relying heavily on our committee approval system where inputs from experienced committee members with different types and levels of lending experience are fully utilized, (c) adherence to written loan policies, and (d) external independent credit review. In addition, loans based on short-term assets such as account receivables and inventories are monitored on a monthly or at a minimum, on a quarterly basis. In general, we receive and review financial statements of borrowing customers on an ongoing basis during the term of the relationship and respond to any deterioration noted.

    Small Business Administration Lending Services

        SBA lending is an important part of our business. Our SBA lending places an emphasis on minority-owned businesses. Our SBA market area includes the geographic areas encompassed by our full-service banking offices in Southern California, Texas, New Jersey, and the New York City metropolitan area, as well as the multi-ethnic population areas surrounding our LPOs in other states. We are an SBA Preferred Lender nationwide, which permits us to approve SBA guaranteed loans in all our lending areas without further approval from the SBA. As an SBA Preferred Lender, we are able to provide quicker and more efficient service to our clientele, enabling them to obtain SBA loans in order to acquire new businesses, expand existing businesses, and acquire locations in which to do business, without having to go through the time-consuming SBA approval process that would be necessary if a prospective SBA borrower were to utilize a lender that is not an SBA Preferred Lender.

        The net revenue from our SBA department represented 16.7%, 19.3%, and 11.8% of our total net revenue for 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively.

    Consumer Loans

        Consumer loans include personal loans, auto loans, and other loans typically made by banks to individual borrowers. The majority of consumer loans are concentrated on personal lines of credit and installment loans to individuals. Since the second half of 2008, we have not made any new auto loans to new customers. However, on occasion, automobile loans are made to existing loan or deposit customers. Because consumer loans typically present a higher risk potential compared to our other loan products, especially given current economic conditions, we have reduced our overall efforts in consumer lending.

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        Our consumer loan production has historically been comparatively small, and has always represented less than 1% of our total loan portfolio. As of December 31, 2014, our consumer loan portfolio represented 0.6% of the loan portfolio, up from 0.5% at December 31, 2013.

        Our consumer loan portfolio is subject to certain risks, including:

    general economic conditions of the markets we serve,

    interest rate increases, and

    consumer bankruptcy laws which allow consumers to discharge certain debts.

        We attempt to reduce the exposure to such risks through (a) the direct approval of all consumer loans by reviewing each loan request and renewal individually, (b) using a dual signature system of approval, (c) adherence to written credit policies, (d) utilizing external independent credit review and (e) concentrating mostly on cash secured loans and lines of credits.

Trade Finance Services

        Our Trade Finance Department assists our import/export customers with their international business needs. The department primarily deals in letters of credit issued to customers whose businesses involve the international sale of goods. A letter of credit is an arrangement (usually expressed in letter form) whereby we, at the request of and in accordance with customers' instructions, undertakes to reimburse or cause to reimburse a third party, provided that certain documents are presented in strict compliance with its terms and conditions. Simply put, a bank is pledging its credit on behalf of the customer. Our Trade Finance Department offers the following types of letters of credit to customers:

    Commercial—An undertaking by the issuing bank to pay for a commercial transaction.

    Standby—An undertaking by the issuing bank to pay for the non-performance of applicant.

    Revocable—Letter of credit that can be modified or cancelled by the issuing bank at any time with notice to the beneficiary (does not provide beneficiary with a firm promise of payment).

    Irrevocable—Letters of credit that cannot be altered or cancelled without mutual consent of all parties.

    Sight—Letter of credit requiring payment upon presentation of conforming shipping documents.

    Usance—Letter of credit which allows the buyer to delay payment up to a designated number of days after presentation of shipping documents.

    Import—Letter of credit issued to assist customers in purchasing goods from overseas.

    Export—Letter of credit issued to assist customers selling goods to overseas.

    Transferable—Letter of credit which allows the beneficiary to transfer their right, in part or full, to another party.

    Non-transferable—Letter of credit which does not allows the beneficiary to transfer their right, in part or full, to another party.

    Documentary Collections—A means of channeling payment for goods through a bank in order to facilitate passing of funds. The bank (banks) involved acts as a conduit through which the funds and documents are transferred between the buyer and seller of goods.

        Services offered by the Trade Finance Department include the issuance and negotiation of letters of credit, as well as the handling of documentary collections. On the export side, we provide advice on and negotiation of commercial letters of credit, and we transfer and issue back-to-back letters of credit. We also provide importers with trade finance lines of credit, which allow for issuance of commercial letters of credit

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and financing of documents received under such letters of credit, as well as documents received under documentary collections. Exporters are assisted through export lines of credit as well as through immediate financing of clean documents presented under export letters of credit.

        Most of our revenue from the Trade Finance Department consists of fee income from providing facilities to support import/export customers and interest income from extensions of credit. Our Trade Finance Department's fee income was $1.4 million, $950,000, and $933,000 in 2104, 2013, and 2012, respectively.

Investing Activities

        Investments are one of our major sources of interest income and are acquired in accordance with a written comprehensive investment policy that addresses strategies, types, and levels of allowable investments. Management of our investment securities portfolio focuses on providing an adequate level of liquidity and establishing a balanced interest rate sensitive position, while earning an adequate level of investment income without taking undue risk. Our investment portfolio consists of securities of government sponsored enterprises, mortgage backed securities, collateralized mortgage obligations, corporate securities, and municipal securities.

        We classify all our investment securities as "held-to-maturity" or "available-for-sale" pursuant to ASC 320-10. Investment securities that we intend to hold until maturity are classified as held-to-maturity, and all other investment securities are classified as available-for-sale. At December 31, 2014, investment securities available-for-sale totaled $388.4 million, and total investments securities held-to-maturity totaled $26,000.

Deposit Activities and Other Sources of Funds

        Our primary sources of funds are deposits and loan repayments. Scheduled loan repayments are a relatively predictable source of funds, whereas deposit inflows and outflows and unscheduled loan prepayments (which are influenced significantly by general interest rate levels, interest rates available on other investments, competition, economic conditions, and other factors) are less predictable. Customer deposits remain our primary source of funds, but these balances may be influenced by adverse market changes in the industry. Other borrowings may be used:

    on a short-term basis to compensate for reductions in deposit inflows to less than projected levels, and

    on a longer-term basis to support expanded lending activities and to match the maturity of repricing intervals of assets.

        We offer a variety of accounts for depositors which are designed to attract both short-term and long-term deposits. These accounts include certificates of deposit ("CDs"), regular savings accounts, money market accounts, checking and negotiable order of withdrawal ("NOW") accounts, installment savings accounts, and individual retirement accounts. These accounts generally earn interest at rates established by management based on competitive market factors and management's desire to increase or decrease certain types or maturities of deposits. As needed, we augment these customer deposits with brokered deposits. Types of deposit accounts offered by us and other sources of funds are described below:

    Certificates of Deposit

        We offer several types of CDs with a maximum maturity of five years. The majority of our CDs all have maturities of one to twelve months and typically pay simple interest credited monthly or at maturity.

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    Regular Savings Accounts

        We offer savings accounts that allow for unlimited deposits and withdrawals, provided that depositors maintain a $100 minimum balance. Interest is compounded daily and credited quarterly.

    Money Market Accounts

        Money market accounts pay a variable interest rate that is tiered depending on the balance maintained in the account. Minimum opening balances vary. Interest is compounded daily and paid monthly.

    Checking and NOW Account

        Checking and NOW accounts are generally non-interest and interest bearing accounts, respectively, and may include service fees based on activity and balances. NOW accounts pay interest, but require a higher minimum balance to avoid service charges.

    Federal Home Loan Bank Borrowings

        To supplement our deposits as a source of funds for lending or other investment, we borrow funds in the form of advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco. We may use Federal Home Loan Bank ("FHLB") advances as part of our interest rate risk management, primarily to extend the duration of funding to match the longer term fixed rate loans held in the loan portfolio.

        As a member of the FHLB system, we are required to invest in FHLB stock based on a predetermined formula. Federal Home Loan Bank stock is a restricted investment that can only be sold to other FHLB members or redeemed by the FHLB. As of December 31, 2014, we owned $16.5 million in FHLB stock.

        Advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank are secured by the FHLB stock. In addition to FHLB stock, under the FHLB's standard credit program, advances can be secured by blanket lien on loans in our portfolio or may be secured by securities which are obligations of or guaranteed by the U.S. government under the FHLB's securities backed program. At December 31, 2014, our borrowing capacity with the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco was approximately $1.18 billion, with $150.0 million in borrowings outstanding and $1.03 billion in capacity remaining.

Internet and Mobile Banking

        We offer internet banking, which allows our customers to access their deposit and loan accounts through the internet. We also offer mobile banking which allows our customer to access their deposit accounts through personal electronic devices such as smartphones and tablets. Through either Internet or mobile banking, customers are able to obtain transaction history and account information, transfer funds between accounts, make on-line bill payments, and open deposit accounts. We intend to improve and develop our Internet and mobile banking products and other delivery channels as the need arises and our resources permit.

Other Services

        We also offer ATMs located at selected branch offices, customer access to an ATM network, and armored carrier services.

Marketing

        Our marketing efforts rely principally upon local advertising, promotional activity, and upon the personal contacts of our directors, officers, and shareholders to attract business and to acquaint potential customers with our products and personalized services. We emphasize a high degree of personalized client

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service in order to be able to satisfy each customer's banking needs. Our marketing approach emphasizes our strength as an independent, locally-managed state chartered bank in meeting the particular needs of consumers, professionals, and business customers in the community. Our management team continually evaluates all of our banking services with regard to their profitability and makes conclusions based on these evaluations on whether to continue or modify our business plan, where appropriate.

Competition

    Regional Branch Competition

        We currently operate 34 branch offices, 23 in California, 3 in Texas, 4 in New Jersey, and 4 in the greater New York City metropolitan area. We consider our Bank to be a community bank focused on the general commercial banking business, with our primary market encompassing the multi-ethnic population of the Los Angeles County area. Our full-service branch offices are located primarily in areas where a majority of the businesses are owned by immigrants or minority groups. Our client base reflects the ethnic diversity of these communities.

        Our market has become increasingly competitive in recent years with respect to virtually all products and services that we offer. Although the general banking market is dominated by a relatively small number of major banks with numerous offices covering a wide geographic area, we compete in our niche market directly with other community banks which focus on Korean-American and other minority consumers and businesses.

        We continue to experience a high level of competition within the ethnic banking market. In the greater Los Angeles metropolitan area, our primary competitors include 7 locally-owned and operated Korean-American banks. These banks have branches located in many of the same neighborhoods in which we operate, provide similar types of products and services, and use the same Korean language publications and media for their marketing purposes. Unlike many other Korean-ethnic community banks, we also focus a significant portion of our marketing efforts on non-Korean customers.

        A less significant source of competition in our primary market includes branch offices of major national and international banks which maintain a limited but increasing number of bilingual staff for Korean-speaking or other language customers. Although these banks have not traditionally focused their marketing efforts on the minority customer base in our market, their competitive influence could increase should they choose to focus on this market in the future. Large commercial bank competitors have, among other advantages, the ability to finance wide-ranging and effective advertising campaigns and to allocate their investment resources to areas of highest yield and demand. Many of the major banks operating in our market area offer certain services that we do not offer directly (but some of which we offer through correspondent institutions). By virtue of their greater total capitalization, such banks likely also have substantially higher lending limits than we do. In order to compete effectively, we provide quality personalized service and fast local decision making which we feel distinguishes us from many of our major bank competitors. For customers whose loan demands exceed our internal lending limit, we attempt to arrange for such loans on a participation basis with our correspondent banks. Similarly, we assist customers requiring services that we do not currently offer in obtaining such services from our correspondent banks.

    Regional Loan Production Office Competition

        We currently operate LPOs, in Newark, California; Federal Way, Washington; Aurora, Colorado; and Atlanta, Georgia. In most of our LPO locations, we are competing with local lenders as well as Los Angeles-based Korean-American community lenders operating out-of-state LPOs. We anticipate more competition from Korean-American community lenders in most of our LPO locations in the future. In anticipation of stagnation in the U.S. economy and real estate market activity, we plan to maintain a balance of market coverage and operating costs. In 2015, we plan open additional LPOs in suitable markets and our focus will be to conservatively increase loan originations at these offices.

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    Other Competitive Factors

        In addition to other banks, our competitors include savings institutions, credit unions, and numerous non-banking institutions, such as finance companies, leasing companies, insurance companies, brokerage firms, and investment banking firms. In recent years, increased competition has also developed from specialized finance and non-finance companies that offer money market and mutual funds, wholesale finance, credit card, and other consumer finance services, including on-line banking services and personal finance software. Strong competition for deposit and loan products affects the rates of those products as well as the terms on which they are offered to customers.

        The more general competitive trends in the industry include increased consolidation and competition. Strong competitors, other than financial institutions, have entered banking markets with focused products targeted at highly profitable customer segments. Many of these competitors are able to compete across geographic boundaries and provide customers increasing access to meaningful alternatives to banking services in nearly all significant products. Mergers between financial institutions have placed additional pressure on banks within the industry to streamline their operations, reduce expenses, and increase revenues to remain competitive. Competition has also intensified due to the federal and state interstate banking laws, which permit banking organizations to expand geographically.

        Technological innovations have also resulted in increased competition in the financial services industry. Such innovations have, for example, made it possible for non-depository institutions to offer customers automated transfer payment services that were previously considered traditional banking products. In addition, many customers now expect a choice of several delivery systems and channels, including telephone, PDA or smartphones, tablets, mail, home computer, ATMs, self-service branches, and/or in store branches. To some extent, such competition has had limited effect on us to date because many recent technological advancements do not yet have Korean or other language capabilities. However, as the technology becomes widely available, the competitive pressure to be at the forefront of such advancements will be significant.

        The market for the origination of SBA loans, one of our primary revenue sources, is highly competitive. We compete with other small, mid-size, and major banks that originate these loans in the geographic areas in which our full service branches are located, as well as in the areas where we maintain LPOs. In addition, because these loans are largely broker-driven, we compete to a large extent with banks that originate SBA loans outside of our immediate geographic area. Furthermore, because these loans may be originated out of LPOs specifically set up to originate SBA loans rather than out of full service branches, the barriers to entry in this area, after approval of a bank as an SBA lender, are relatively low. In order to succeed in this highly competitive market, we actively market our SBA loans to minority-owned businesses. However, the resale market for SBA loans may grow, decline or, maintain its current status.

Business Concentration

        No individual or single group of related accounts is considered material in relation to our total assets or deposits, or in relation to our overall business. However, approximately 81.0% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2014 consisted of real estate-related loans, including construction loans, mini-perm loans, residential mortgage loans, and commercial loans secured by real estate. Moreover, our business activities are currently focused primarily in Southern California, with the majority of our business concentrated in Los Angeles and Orange County. Consequently, our results of operations and financial condition are dependent upon the general trends in the Southern California economies and, in particular, the commercial real estate markets. In addition, the concentration of our operations in Southern California exposes us to greater risk than other banking companies with a wider geographic base in the event of catastrophes, such as earthquakes, fires, and floods in this region.

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Employees

        We had 525 full time equivalent employees (523 full-time employees and 4 part-time employees) as of December 31, 2014. None of our employees are currently represented by a union or covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Management believes that our employee relations are satisfactory.

Regulation and Supervision

        The following is a summary description of the relevant laws, rules, and regulations governing banks and bank holding companies. The descriptions of, and references to, the statutes and regulations below are brief summaries and do not purport to be complete. The descriptions are qualified in their entirety by reference to the specific statutes and regulations discussed.

        Generally, the supervision and regulation of bank holding companies and their subsidiaries are intended primarily for the protection of depositors, the deposit insurance funds of the FDIC and the banking system as a whole, and not for the protection of the bank holding company shareholders or creditors. The banking agencies have broad enforcement power over bank holding companies and banks, including the power to impose substantial fines and other penalties for violations of laws and regulations.

        Various legislation is from time to time introduced in Congress and California's legislature, including proposals to overhaul the bank regulatory system, expand the powers of depository institutions, and limit the investments that depository institutions may make with insured funds. Such legislation may change applicable statutes and the operating environment in substantial and unpredictable ways. We cannot determine the ultimate effect that future legislation or implementing regulations would have upon our financial condition or upon our results of operations or the results of operations of any of our subsidiaries.

Wilshire Bancorp

        Wilshire Bancorp is a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (the "Bank Holding Company Act") and is subject to supervision, regulation, and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Federal Reserve Board"). The Bank Holding Company Act and other federal laws subject bank holding companies to particular restrictions on the types of activities in which they may engage, and to a range of supervisory requirements and activities, including regulatory enforcement actions for violations of laws and regulations.

    Regulatory Restrictions on Dividends; Source of Strength

        We are regarded as a legal entity separate and distinct from our subsidiaries. The principal source of our revenues is dividends received from the Bank. Various federal and state statutory provisions limit the amount of dividends the Bank can pay to us without regulatory approval. In certain circumstances, Wilshire Bancorp may be required to obtain prior approval from the Federal Reserve Board to make capital distributions to its shareholders. The Federal Reserve Board has the authority to prohibit dividends by bank holding companies if their actions constitute unsafe or unsound practices. In addition, the Federal Reserve Board issued Supervisory Letter SR 09-4 on February 24, 2009 and revised such letter on March 27, 2009, which provides guidance on the declaration and payment of dividends, capital redemptions, and capital repurchases by bank holding company. Supervisory Letter SR 09-4 provides that, as a general matter, a bank holding company should eliminate, defer, or significantly reduce its dividends if: (1) the company's net income for the past year is sufficient to cover the cash dividends, (2) the rate of earnings retention is consistent with the company's capital needs, asset quality, and overall financial condition, and (3) the minimum regulatory capital adequacy ratios are met. The policy also provides that bank holding companies should not maintain a level of cash dividends that undermines the bank holding company's ability to serve as a source of strength to its banking subsidiaries.

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        Under Federal Reserve Board policy, a bank holding company is expected to act as a source of financial strength to its banking subsidiaries and commit resources to their support. Such support may be required at times when, absent this Federal Reserve Board policy, a holding company may not be in a financial position to provide such support. A bank holding company's failure to meet its source-of-strength obligations may constitute an unsafe and unsound practice or a violation of the Federal Reserve Board's regulations, or both. As discussed below, a bank holding company, in certain circumstances, could be required to guarantee the capital plan of an undercapitalized banking subsidiary. The source-of-strength doctrine most directly affects bank holding companies in situations where the bank holding company's subsidiary bank fails to maintain adequate capital levels. The Dodd-Frank Act (as defined below) codified this policy as a statutory requirement; however, the Federal Reserve Board has not yet adopted regulations to implement this requirement.

        In the event of a bank holding company's bankruptcy under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, the trustee will be deemed to have assumed, and is required to cure immediately, any deficit under any commitment by the debtor holding company to any of the federal banking agencies to maintain the capital of an insured depository institution, and any claim for breach of such obligation will generally have priority over most other unsecured claims.

        As a California corporation, Wilshire Bancorp is restricted under the California General Corporation Law ("CGCL") from paying dividends under certain conditions. The shareholders of Wilshire Bancorp will be entitled to receive dividends when and as declared by the Board of Directors, from funds legally available for the payment of dividends, as provided in the CGCL and, as mentioned above, consistent with Federal Reserve Board policy. The CGCL provides that a corporation may make a distribution to its shareholders if retained earnings immediately prior to the dividend payout, equals the amount of proposed distribution. In the event that sufficient retained earnings are not available for the proposed distribution, a corporation may, nevertheless, make a distribution, if it meets both the "quantitative solvency" and the "liquidity" tests. In general, the quantitative solvency test requires that the sum of the assets of the corporation equal at least 11/4 times its liabilities. The liquidity test generally requires that a corporation have current assets at least equal to current liabilities, or, if the average of the earnings of the corporation before taxes on income and before interest expenses for the two preceding fiscal years was less than the average of the interest expense of the corporation for such fiscal years, then current assets must equal to at least 11/4 times current liabilities. Further, the Bank's limitations on paying dividends could, in turn, affect our ability to pay dividends to our shareholders.

    Activities "Closely Related" to Banking

        The Bank Holding Company Act prohibits a bank holding company, with certain limited exceptions, from acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company which is not a bank or from engaging in any activities other than those of banking, managing or controlling banks and certain other subsidiaries, or furnishing services to or performing services for its subsidiaries. One principal exception to these prohibitions allows the acquisition of interests in companies whose activities are found by the Federal Reserve Board, by order or regulation, to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks, as to be a proper incident thereto. Some of the activities that have been determined by regulation to be closely related to banking are making or servicing loans, performing certain data processing services, acting as an investment or financial advisor to certain investment trusts and investment companies and providing securities brokerage services. Other activities approved by the Federal Reserve Board include consumer financial counseling, tax planning and tax preparation, futures and options advisory services, check guaranty services, collection agency and credit bureau services and personal property appraisals. In approving acquisitions by bank holding companies of companies engaged in banking-related activities, the Federal Reserve Board considers a number of factors, and weighs the expected benefits to the public (such as greater convenience and increased competition or gains in efficiency) against the risks of possible adverse effects (such as undue concentration of resources,

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decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interest or unsound banking practices). The Federal Reserve Board is also empowered to differentiate between activities commenced de novo and activities commenced through acquisition of a going concern.

    Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; Financial Holding Companies

        The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Modernization Act, or GLBA, signed into law on November 12, 1999, revised and expanded the provisions of the Bank Holding Company Act by including a new section that permits a bank holding company to elect to become a financial holding company to engage in a full range of activities that are "financial in nature." The qualification requirements and the process for a bank holding company that elects to be treated as a financial holding company require that all of the subsidiary banks controlled by the bank holding company at the time of election to become a financial holding company must be and remain at all times "well-capitalized" and "well managed" and must have a Community Reinvestment Act rating of at least "satisfactory." We have not yet made an election to become a financial holding company, but we may do so at some time in the future.

        GLBA specifically provides that the following activities have been determined to be "financial in nature":

    lending, trust and other banking activities;

    insurance activities;

    financial or economic advisory services;

    securitization of assets;

    securities underwriting and dealing;

    existing bank holding company domestic activities;

    existing bank holding company foreign activities; and

    merchant banking activities.

        In addition, GLBA specifically gives the Federal Reserve Board the authority, by regulation or order, to expand the list of "financial" or "incidental" activities, but requires consultation with the U.S. Treasury Department, and gives the Federal Reserve Board authority to allow a financial holding company to engage in any activity that is "complementary" to a financial activity and does not "pose a substantial risk to the safety and soundness of depository institutions or the financial system generally."

    Safe and Sound Banking Practices

        The Federal Reserve Board also has the power to order a bank holding company to terminate any activity or investment, or to terminate its ownership or control of any subsidiary, when it has reasonable cause to believe that the continuation of such activity or investment or such ownership or control constitutes a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness, or stability of any subsidiary bank of the bank holding company. The Federal Reserve Board's Regulation Y, for example, generally requires a holding company to give the Federal Reserve Board prior notice of any redemption or repurchase of its own equity securities, if the consideration to be paid, together with the consideration paid for any repurchases or redemptions in the preceding year, is equal to 10% or more of the company's consolidated net worth. The Federal Reserve Board may oppose the transaction if it believes that the transaction would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice or would violate any law or regulation. Depending upon the circumstances, the Federal Reserve Board could take the position that paying a dividend would constitute an unsafe or unsound banking practice.

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        The Federal Reserve Board has broad authority to prohibit activities of bank holding companies and their nonbanking subsidiaries which represent unsafe and unsound banking practices or which constitute violations of laws or regulations, and can assess civil money penalties for certain activities conducted on a knowing and reckless basis, if those activities caused a substantial loss to a depository institution. The penalties can be as high as $1 million for each day the activity continues.

    Annual Reporting; Examinations

        We are required to file annual reports with the Federal Reserve Board, and such additional information as the Federal Reserve Board may require pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act. The Federal Reserve Board may examine a bank holding company or any of its subsidiaries, and charge the company for the cost of such examination. Furthermore, the Bank is subjected to compliance examinations by the FDIC and the California Department of Business Oversight, or "DBO".

    Capital Adequacy Requirements

        The Federal Reserve Board has adopted a system using risk-based capital guidelines to evaluate the capital adequacy of certain large bank holding companies with capital assets greater than $500 million. We currently have consolidated assets in excess of $500 million, and are therefore subject to the Federal Reserve Board's capital adequacy guidelines.

        Under the guidelines, specific categories of assets are assigned different risk weights, based generally on the perceived credit risk of the asset. These risk weights are multiplied by corresponding asset balances to determine a "risk-weighted" asset base. The guidelines in effect at December 31, 2014 require a minimum total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% (of which at least 4.0% is required to consist of Tier 1 capital elements). Total risk-based capital is the sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital. To be considered "well-capitalized," a bank holding company must maintain, on a consolidated basis, (i) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 6.0%, and (ii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater. As of December 31, 2014, our Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 14.13% and our total risk-based capital ratio was 15.38%. Thus, we are considered "well-capitalized" for regulatory purposes.

        In addition to the risk-based capital guidelines, the Federal Reserve Board uses a leverage ratio as an additional tool to evaluate the capital adequacy of bank holding companies. The leverage ratio is a company's Tier 1 capital divided by its average total consolidated assets. Certain highly-rated bank holding companies may maintain a minimum leverage ratio of 3.0%, but other bank holding companies are required to maintain a leverage ratio of at least 4.0%. To be considered well-capitalized, a bank holding company must maintain a leverage ratio of at least 5%. As of December 31, 2014, our leverage ratio was 12.11%.

        The federal banking agencies' risk-based and leverage ratios are minimum supervisory ratios generally applicable to banking organizations that meet certain specified criteria. These ratios increased and other capital requirements were implemented effective January 1, 2015. See "New Capital Requirements Under Basel III" below. The federal bank regulatory agencies may set capital requirements for a particular banking organization that are higher than the minimum ratios when circumstances warrant. Federal Reserve Board guidelines also provide that banking organizations experiencing internal growth or making acquisitions will be expected to maintain strong capital positions, substantially above the minimum supervisory levels, without significant reliance on intangible assets.

    Imposition of Liability for Undercapitalized Subsidiaries

        Bank regulators are required to take "prompt corrective action" to resolve problems associated with insured depository institutions whose capital declines below certain levels. In the event an institution becomes "undercapitalized," it must submit a capital restoration plan. The capital restoration plan will not be accepted by the regulators unless each company having control of the undercapitalized institution guarantees the subsidiary's compliance with the capital restoration plan up to a certain specified amount. Any such guarantee from a depository institution's holding company is entitled to a priority of payment in bankruptcy.

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        The aggregate liability of the holding company of an undercapitalized bank is limited to the lesser of 5% of the institution's assets at the time it became undercapitalized or the amount necessary to cause the institution to be "adequately capitalized." The bank regulators have greater power in situations where an institution becomes "significantly" or "critically" undercapitalized or fails to submit a capital restoration plan. For example, a bank holding company controlling such an institution can be required to obtain prior Federal Reserve Board approval of proposed dividends, or might be required to consent to a consolidation or to divest itself of the troubled institution or other affiliates.

    Anti-tying Restrictions

        Bank holding companies and affiliates are prohibited from tying the provision of services, such as extensions of credit, to other services offered by a holding company or its affiliates.

    Acquisitions by Bank Holding Companies

        The Bank Holding Company Act requires every bank holding company to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board before it may (i) merge or consolidate with another bank holding company, (ii) acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank, or (iii) acquire ownership or control of any voting shares of any bank, if after such acquisition it would own or control, directly or indirectly, more than 5% of the voting shares of such bank. In approving bank acquisitions by bank holding companies, the Federal Reserve Board is required to consider the financial and managerial resources and future prospects of the bank holding company and the bank concerned, the convenience and needs of the communities to be served, and various competitive factors.

    Control Acquisitions

        The Change in Bank Control Act prohibits a person or group of persons from acquiring "control" of a bank holding company unless the Federal Reserve Board has been notified and has not objected to the transaction. Under a rebuttable presumption established by the Federal Reserve Board, the acquisition of 10% or more, but less than 25% of a class of voting stock of a bank holding company with a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act would, under the circumstances set forth in the presumption, constitute acquisition of control.

        In addition, any company is required to obtain the approval of the Federal Reserve Board under the Bank Holding Company Act before acquiring 25% (5% in the case of an acquirer that is a bank holding company) or more of the outstanding common stock of the a bank holding company, or otherwise obtaining control or a "controlling influence" over a bank holding company. On September 22, 2008, the Federal Reserve Board issued a policy statement on equity investments in bank holding companies and banks, which allows the Federal Reserve Board to generally be able to conclude that an entity's investment is not "controlling" if the investment in the form of voting and nonvoting shares represents in the aggregate (i) less than one-third of the total equity of the banking organization (and less than one-third of any class of voting securities, assuming conversion of all convertible nonvoting securities held by the entity) and (ii) less than 15% of any class of voting securities of the banking organization.

    FIRREA

        The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, or FIRREA, includes various provisions that affect or may affect the Company and the Bank. Among other matters, FIRREA generally permits bank holding companies to acquire healthy thrifts as well as failed or failing thrifts. FIRREA removed certain cross-marketing prohibitions previously applicable to thrift and bank subsidiaries of a common holding company. Furthermore, a multi-bank holding company may now be required to indemnify the federal Deposit Insurance Fund ("DIF") against losses it incurs with respect to

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such company's affiliated banks, which in effect makes a bank holding company's equity investments in healthy bank subsidiaries available to the FDIC to assist such company's failing or failed bank subsidiaries.

        FIRREA also expanded and increased civil and criminal penalties available for use by the appropriate regulatory agency against certain "institution-affiliated parties" primarily including (i) management, employees and agents of a financial institution, as well as (ii) independent contractors, such as attorneys and accountants and others who participate in the conduct of the financial institution's affairs and who caused or are likely to cause more than minimum financial loss to or a significant adverse effect on the institution, who knowingly or recklessly violate a law or regulation, breach a fiduciary duty or engage in unsafe or unsound practices. Such practices can include the failure of an institution to timely file required reports or the submission of inaccurate reports. Furthermore, FIRREA authorizes the appropriate banking agency to issue cease and desist orders that may, among other things, require affirmative action to correct any harm resulting from a violation or practice, including restitution, reimbursement, indemnifications or guarantees against loss. A financial institution may also be ordered to restrict its growth, dispose of certain assets, or take other action as determined by the ordering agency to be appropriate.

    USA PATRIOT Act

        On October 26, 2001, The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Is Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act or USA PATRIOT Act, a comprehensive anti-terrorism legislation was enacted. Title III of the USA PATRIOT Act requires financial institutions to help prevent, detect, and prosecute international money laundering and the financing of terrorism. The effectiveness of a financial institution in combating money laundering activities is a factor to be considered in any application submitted by the financial institution under the Bank Merger Act, which applies to the Bank, or the Bank Holding Company Act, which applies to Wilshire Bancorp. We, and our subsidiaries, including the Bank, have adopted systems and procedures to comply with the USA PATRIOT Act and regulations adopted by the Secretary of the Treasury.

    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

        On July 30, 2002, The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or "Sarbanes-Oxley Act" was enacted. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act addresses accounting oversight and corporate governance matters relating to the operations of public companies. During 2003, the SEC issued a number of regulations under the directive of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act significantly increasing public company governance-related obligations and filing requirements, including:

    the establishment of an independent public oversight of public company accounting firms by a board that will set auditing, quality and ethical standards for and have investigative and disciplinary powers over such accounting firms,

    the enhanced regulation of the independence, responsibilities and conduct of accounting firms which provide auditing services to public companies,

    the increase of penalties for fraud related crimes,

    the enhanced disclosure, certification, and monitoring of financial statements, internal financial controls and the audit process, and

    the enhanced and accelerated reporting of corporate disclosures and internal governance.

        Furthermore, in November 2003, in response to the directives of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, NASDAQ adopted substantially expanded corporate governance criteria for the issuers of securities quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market (the market on which our common stock is listed for trading). The new NASDAQ rules govern, among other things, the enhancement and regulation of corporate disclosure and

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internal governance of listed companies and of the authority, role and responsibilities of their boards of directors and, in particular, of "independent" members of such boards of directors, in the areas of nominations, corporate governance, compensation and the monitoring of the audit and internal financial control processes.

    Dodd-Frank Act

        On July 21, 2010, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act") was signed into law. The Dodd-Frank Act has and may continue to result in dramatic changes across the financial regulatory system, some of which have become effective and some of which will not become effective until various future dates. Implementation of the Dodd-Frank Act requires many new rules to be made by various federal regulatory agencies over the next several years. Uncertainty remains until final rulemaking is complete as to the ultimate impact of the Dodd-Frank Act, which could have a material adverse impact either on the financial services industry as a whole or on ours and the Bank's business, results of operations, and financial condition. Provisions in the legislation that affect deposit insurance assessments, payment of interest on demand deposits, and interchange fees could increase the costs associated with deposits and place limitations on certain revenues those deposits may generate. The Dodd-Frank Act includes provisions that, among other things, will or already has:

    Centralize responsibility for consumer financial protection by creating a new agency, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB"), responsible for implementing, examining, and enforcing compliance with federal consumer financial laws. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act permits states to adopt consumer protection laws and regulations that are stricter than those regulations promulgated by the CFPB.

    Create the Financial Stability Oversight Council that will recommend to the Federal Reserve Board increasingly strict rules for capital, leverage, liquidity, risk management and other requirements as companies grow in size and complexity.

    Provide mortgage reform provisions regarding a customer's ability to repay, restricting variable-rate lending by requiring that the ability to repay variable-rate loans be determined by using the maximum rate that will apply during the first five years of a variable-rate loan term, and making more loans subject to provisions for higher cost loans, new disclosures, and certain other revisions.

    Change the assessment base for federal deposit insurance from the amount of insured deposits to consolidated assets less tangible capital, eliminate the ceiling on the size of the DIF, and increase the floor on the size of the DIF, which generally will require an increase in the level of assessments for institutions with assets in excess of $10 billion.

    Make permanent the $250 thousand limit for federal deposit insurance

    Restrict the preemption of state law by federal law and disallow subsidiaries and affiliates of national banks, such as the Bank, from availing themselves of such preemption.

    Require bank holding companies and banks to be well capitalized and well managed in order to acquire banks located outside their home state.

    Mandate certain corporate governance and executive compensation matters be implemented, including (i) an advisory vote on executive compensation by a public company's stockholders; (ii) enhancement of independence requirements for compensation committee members; (iii) adoption of incentive-based compensation claw-back policies for executive officers; and (iv) adoption of proxy access rules allowing stockholders of publicly traded companies to nominate candidates for election as a director and have those nominees included in a company's proxy materials.

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    Repeal the federal prohibitions on the payment of interest on demand deposits, thereby permitting depository institutions to pay interest on business transactions accounts.

    Amend the Electronic Fund Transfer Act to, among other things, give the Federal Reserve the authority to establish rules regarding interchange fees charged for electronic debit transactions by payment card issuers having assets over $10 billion and to enforce a new statutory requirement that such fees be reasonable and proportional to the actual cost of a transaction to the issuer.

        Many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are subject to rulemaking and will take effect over several years, making it difficult to anticipate the overall financial impact on the Company, its customers or the financial industry more generally. Some of the rules that have been proposed and, in some cases, adopted to comply with the Dodd-Frank Act's mandates are discussed below.

    Volcker Rule

        The final rules adopted on December 10, 2013 to implement a part of the Dodd-Frank Act commonly referred to as the "Volcker Rule," prohibit insured depository institutions and companies affiliated with insured depository institutions ("banking entities") from engaging in short-term proprietary trading of certain securities, derivatives, commodity futures and options on these instruments, for their own account. The final rules also impose limits on banking entities' investments in, and other relationships with, hedge funds or private equity funds. These rules which became effective on April 1, 2014. Certain collateralized debt obligations, securities backed by trust preferred securities which were initially defined as covered funds subject to the investment prohibitions, have been exempted to address the concern that many community banks holding such collateralized debt obligations securities may have been required to recognize significant losses on those securities.

        Like the Dodd-Frank Act, the final rules provide exemptions for certain activities, including market making, underwriting, hedging, trading in government obligations, insurance company activities, and organizing and offering hedge funds or private equity funds. The final rules also clarify that certain activities are not prohibited, including acting as agent, broker, or custodian. The compliance requirements under the final rules vary based on the size of the banking entity and the scope of activities conducted. Banking entities with significant trading operations will be required to establish a detailed compliance program and their CEOs will be required to attest that the program is reasonably designed to achieve compliance with the final rule. Independent testing and analysis of an institution's compliance program will also be required. The final rules reduce the burden on smaller, less-complex institutions by limiting their compliance and reporting requirements. Additionally, a banking entity that does not engage in covered trading activities will not need to establish a compliance program. The Company and the Bank held no investment positions at December 31, 2014 that were subject to the final rule. Therefore, while these new rules may require us to conduct certain internal analysis and reporting, we believe that they will not require any material changes in our operations or business.

    Wilshire Bank

        In October 2013, we changed the name of our subsidiary from Wilshire State Bank to Wilshire Bank. Wilshire Bank is subject to extensive regulation and examination by the California Department of Business Oversight, or the DBO, and the FDIC, which insures its deposits to the maximum extent permitted by law, and is subject to certain Federal Reserve Board regulations of transactions with its affiliates. The federal and state laws and regulations which are applicable to the Bank regulate, among other things, the scope of its business, its investments, its reserves against deposits, the timing of the availability of deposited funds and the nature and amount of and collateral for certain loans. In addition to the impact of such regulations, commercial banks are affected significantly by the actions of the Federal Reserve Board as it attempts to control the money supply and credit availability in order to influence the economy.

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    Transactions with Affiliates

        There are various statutory and regulatory limitations, including those set forth in sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and the related Regulation W implemented by the Federal Reserve Board, governing the extent to which the Bank will be able to purchase assets from or securities of or otherwise finance or transfer funds to us or our nonbanking affiliates. Among other restrictions, such transactions between the Bank and any one affiliate (including the Company) generally will be limited to 10% of the Bank's capital and surplus, and transactions between the Bank and all affiliates will be limited to 20% of the Bank's capital and surplus. Furthermore, loans and extensions of credit are required to be secured in specified amounts and are required to be on terms and conditions consistent with safe and sound banking practices.

        In addition, any transaction by a bank with an affiliate and any sale of assets or provision of services to an affiliate generally must be on terms that are substantially the same, or at least as favorable, to the bank as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with nonaffiliated companies.

    Loans to Insiders

        Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act and its implementing regulation, Regulation O, place restrictions on loans by a bank to executive officers, directors, and principal shareholders. Under Section 22(h), loans to a director, an executive officer and to a greater than 10% shareholder of a bank and certain of their related interests, or insiders, and insiders of affiliates, may not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and related interests, the bank's loans-to-one-borrower limit (generally equal to 25% of the institution's unimpaired capital and surplus). Section 22(h) also requires that loans to insiders and to insiders of affiliates be made on terms substantially the same as offered in comparable transactions to other persons, unless the loans are made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that (i) is widely available to employees of the bank, and (ii) does not give preference to insiders over other employees of the bank. Section 22(h) also requires prior Board of Directors approval for certain loans, and the aggregate amount of extensions of credit by a bank to all insiders cannot exceed the institution's unimpaired capital and surplus. Furthermore, Section 22(g) places additional restrictions on loans to executive officers.

        The Dodd-Frank Act generally enhances the restrictions on transactions with affiliates under Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act, including an expansion of the definition of "covered transactions" and an increase in the amount of time for which collateral requirements regarding covered credit transactions must be satisfied. Insider transaction limitations are expanded through the strengthening of loan restrictions to insiders and the expansion of the types of transactions subject to the various limits, including derivatives transactions, repurchase agreements, reverse repurchase agreements, and securities lending or borrowing transactions. Restrictions are also placed on certain asset sales to and from an insider to an institution, including requirements that such sales be on market terms and, in certain circumstances, approved by the institution's Board of Directors.

    Dividends

        The ability of the Bank to pay dividends on its common stock is restricted by the California Financial Code, the FDIA and FDIC regulations. In general terms, California law provides that the Bank may declare a cash dividend out of net profits up to the lesser of retained earnings or net income for the last three fiscal years (less any distributions made to shareholders during such period), or, with the prior written approval of the Commissioner of Department of Business Oversight, in an amount not exceeding the greatest of:

    retained earnings,

    net income for the prior fiscal year, or

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    net income for the current fiscal year.

        The Bank's ability to pay any cash dividends will depend not only upon its earnings during a specified period, but also on its meeting certain capital requirements. The FDIA and FDIC regulations restrict the payment of dividends when a bank is undercapitalized, when a bank has failed to pay insurance assessments, or when there are safety and soundness concerns regarding a bank.

        The payment of dividends by the Bank may also be affected by other regulatory requirements and policies, such as maintenance of adequate capital. If, in the opinion of the regulatory authority, a depository institution under its jurisdiction is engaged in, or is about to engage in, an unsafe or unsound practice (that, depending on the financial condition of the depository institution, could include the payment of dividends), such authority may require, after notice and hearing, that such depository institution cease and desist from such practice. The Federal Reserve Board has issued a policy statement providing that insured banks and bank holding companies should generally pay dividends only out of operating earnings for the current and preceding two years. In addition, all insured depository institutions are subject to the capital-based limitations required by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991.

    Cross-guarantees

        Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, or FDIA, a depository institution (which definition includes both banks and savings associations), the deposits of which are insured by the FDIC, can be held liable for any loss incurred by, or reasonably expected to be incurred by, the FDIC in connection with (i) the default of a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution, or (ii) any assistance provided by the FDIC to any commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution "in danger of default." "Default" is defined generally as the appointment of a conservator or a receiver and "in danger of default" is defined generally as the existence of certain conditions indicating that default is likely to occur in the absence of regulatory assistance. In some circumstances (depending upon the amount of the loss or anticipated loss suffered by the FDIC), cross-guarantee liability may result in the ultimate failure or insolvency of one or more insured depository institutions in a holding company structure. Any obligation or liability owed by a subsidiary bank to its parent company is subordinated to the subsidiary bank's cross-guarantee liability with respect to commonly controlled insured depository institutions. The Bank is currently the only FDIC-insured depository institution subsidiary.

        Because we are a legal entity separate and distinct from the Bank, our right to participate in the distribution of assets of any subsidiary upon the subsidiary's liquidation or reorganization will be subject to the prior claims of the subsidiary's creditors. In the event of a liquidation or other dissolution of the Bank, the claims of depositors and other general or subordinated creditors of the Bank would be entitled to a priority of payment over the claims of holders of any obligation of the Bank to its shareholders, including any depository institution holding company (such as Wilshire Bancorp) or any shareholder or creditor of such holding company.

    The FDIC Improvement Act and Prompt Corrective Action

        The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, or FDICIA, made a number of reforms addressing the safety and soundness of the deposit insurance system, supervision of domestic and foreign depository institutions, and improvement of accounting standards. This statute also limited deposit insurance coverage, implemented changes in consumer protection laws, and provided for least costly resolution and prompt regulatory action with regard to troubled institutions.

        FDICIA requires every bank with total assets in excess of $1 billion to have an annual independent audit made of the bank's financial statements by a certified public accountant to verify that the financial statements of the bank are presented in accordance with GAAP and comply with such other disclosure requirements as prescribed by the FDIC.

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        FDICIA also establishes a prompt corrective action (PCA) framework that divides banks into five different categories, depending on their level of capital. Under regulations adopted by the FDIC, a bank is deemed to be "well-capitalized" if it has a total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 10.00% or more, a Tier 1 Capital Ratio of 6.00% or more and a Leverage Ratio of 5.00% or more, and the bank is not subject to an order or capital directive to meet and maintain a certain capital level. Under such regulations, a bank is deemed to be "adequately capitalized" if it has a total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 8.00% or more, a Tier 1 Capital Ratio of 4.00% or more and a Leverage Ratio of 4.00% or more (unless it receives the highest composite rating at its most recent examination and is not experiencing or anticipating significant growth, in which instance it must maintain a Leverage Ratio of 3.00% or more). Under such regulations, a bank is deemed to be "undercapitalized" if it has a total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of less than 8.00%, a Tier 1 Capital Ratio of less than 4.00% or a Leverage Ratio of less than 4.00%. Under such regulations, a bank is deemed to be "significantly undercapitalized" if it has a total Risk-Based Capital Ratio of less than 6.00%, a Tier 1 Capital Ratio of less than 3.00% and a Leverage Ratio of less than 3.00%. Under such regulations, a bank is deemed to be "critically undercapitalized" if it has a Leverage Ratio of less than or equal to 2.00%. In addition, the FDIC has the ability to downgrade a bank's classification (but not to "critically undercapitalized") based on other considerations even if the bank meets the capital guidelines. According to these guidelines the Bank's capital ratios were above the requirements for a "well-capitalized" institution as of December 31, 2014. These PCA guidelines were revised by Basel III. See "New Capital Requirements Under Basel III" below.

        In addition, FDICIA also places certain restrictions on activities of banks depending on their level of capital. If a bank is classified as undercapitalized, the bank is required to submit a capital restoration plan to the federal banking regulators. Pursuant to FDICIA, an undercapitalized bank is prohibited from increasing its assets, engaging in a new line of business, acquiring any interest in any company or insured depository institution, or opening or acquiring a new branch office, except under certain circumstances, including the acceptance by the federal banking regulators of a capital restoration plan for the bank.

        Furthermore, if a bank is classified as undercapitalized, the federal banking regulators may take certain actions to correct the capital position of the bank; if a bank is classified as significantly undercapitalized or critically undercapitalized, the federal banking regulators would be required to take one or more prompt corrective actions. These actions would include, among other things, requiring: sales of new securities to bolster capital, improvements in management, limits on interest rates paid, prohibitions on transactions with affiliates, termination of certain risky activities and restrictions on compensation paid to executive officers. If a bank is classified as critically undercapitalized, FDICIA requires the bank to be placed into conservatorship or receivership within 90 days, unless the federal banking regulators determines that other action would better achieve the purposes of FDICIA regarding prompt corrective action with respect to undercapitalized banks.

        The capital classification of a bank affects the frequency of examinations of the bank and impacts the ability of the bank to engage in certain activities and affects the deposit insurance premiums paid by such bank. Under FDICIA, the federal banking regulators are required to conduct a full-scope, on-site examination of every bank at least once every 12 months. There is an exception to this rule, however, that provides that banks (i) with assets of less than $100 million, (ii) that are categorized as "well-capitalized," (iii) were found to be well managed and its composite rating was outstanding, and (iv) have not been subject to a change in control during the last 12 months, need only be examined once every 18 months.

    Brokered Deposits

        Under FDICIA, banks may be restricted in their ability to accept brokered deposits, depending on their capital classification. "Well-capitalized" banks are permitted to accept brokered deposits, but all banks that are not well-capitalized are not permitted to accept such deposits. The FDIC may, on a case-by-case basis, permit banks that are adequately capitalized to accept brokered deposits if the FDIC determines that acceptance of such deposits would not constitute an unsafe or unsound banking practice

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with respect to the bank. The Bank is currently well-capitalized and therefore is not subject to any limitations with respect to its brokered deposits.

    Federal Limitations on Activities and Investments

        The equity investments and activities as a principal of FDIC-insured state-chartered banks, such as the Bank, are generally limited to those that are permissible for national banks. Under regulations dealing with equity investments, an insured state bank generally may not directly or indirectly acquire or retain any equity investment of a type, or in an amount, that is not permissible for a national bank.

    FDIC Deposit Insurance Assessments

        Banks must pay assessments to the FDIC for federal deposit insurance protection. The FDIC has adopted a risk-based assessment system as required by FDICIA. Under this system, FDIC-insured depository institutions pay insurance premiums at rates based on their risk classification. Institutions assigned to higher risk classifications (that is, institutions that pose a higher risk of loss to the DIF) pay assessments at higher rates than institutions that pose a lower risk. An institution's risk classification is assigned based on its capital levels and the level of supervisory concern the institution poses to the regulators. In addition, the FDIC can impose special assessments in certain instances. The FDIC may terminate its insurance of deposits if it finds that the institution has engaged in unsafe and unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order, or condition imposed by the FDIC. The Bank's deposit insurance assessments may increase or decrease depending on the risk assessment classification to which it are assigned by the FDIC. Any increase in insurance assessments could have an adverse effect on the Bank's earnings.

        Funds in non-interest bearing transaction deposit accounts held by FDIC-insured banks are 100 percent insured. All other FDIC-insured depository accounts are insured up to $250,000 per owner. The Dodd-Frank Act made permanent the $250,000 limit for federal deposit insurance.

        In October 2010, the FDIC adopted a new Restoration Plan for the DIF to ensure that the fund reserve ratio reaches 1.35% by September 30, 2020, as required by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the Restoration Plan, the FDIC did not institute the uniform three-basis point increase in assessment rates scheduled to take place on January 1, 2011 and maintained the current schedule of assessment rates for all depository institutions. At least semi-annually, the FDIC will update its loss and income projections for the DIF and, if needed, will increase or decrease assessment rates, following notice-and-comment rulemaking, if required.

        As required by the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC also revised the deposit insurance assessment system, effective April 1, 2011, to base assessments on the average total consolidated assets of insured depository institutions during the assessment period, less the average tangible equity of the institution during the assessment period. Currently, only deposits are included in determining the premium paid by an institution. This base assessment change necessitated that the FDIC adjust the assessment rates to ensure that the revenue collected under the new assessment system, will approximately equal that under the existing assessment system.

        Pursuant to this new rule, the assessment base is larger than the current assessment base, but the new rates are lower than current rates, ranging from approximately 2.5 basis points to 45 basis points (depending on applicable adjustments for unsecured debt and brokered deposits) until such time as the FDIC's reserve ratio equals 1.15%. Once the FDIC's reserve ratio equals or exceeds 1.15%, the applicable assessment rates may range from 1.5 basis points to 40 basis points. The Bank's deposit insurance expense has decreased as a result of the changes to the Bank's deposit insurance premium assessment base implemented by the FDIC pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act.

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    Community Reinvestment Act

        Under the Community Reinvestment Act, or CRA, as implemented by the Congress in 1977, a financial institution has a continuing and affirmative obligation, consistent with its safe and sound operation, to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods. CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institution's discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with CRA. CRA requires federal examiners, in connection with the examination of a financial institution, to assess the institution's record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to take such record into account in its evaluation of certain applications by such institution. CRA also requires all institutions to make public disclosure of their CRA ratings. The Bank has a Compliance Committee, which oversees the planning of products and services offered to the community, especially those aimed to serve low and moderate income communities. The FDIC rated the Bank as "satisfactory" in meeting community credit needs under CRA at its latest completed examination for CRA performance.

    Consumer Laws and Regulations

        In addition to the laws and regulations discussed herein, the Bank is also subject to certain consumer laws and regulations that are designed to protect consumers in transactions with banks. While the list set forth herein is not exhaustive, these laws and regulations include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Real Estate Settlement and Procedures Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act and the Federal Trade Commission Act, among others. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must deal with customers when taking deposits or making loans to such customers. The—Bank must comply with the applicable provisions of these consumer protection laws and regulations as part of its ongoing customer relations.

    Permissible Activities and Subsidiaries

        California law permits state-chartered commercial banks to engage in any activity permissible for national banks. Therefore, the Bank may form subsidiaries to engage in the many so-called "closely related to banking" or "non-banking" activities commonly conducted by national banks in operating subsidiaries, and further, pursuant to GLBA, the Bank may conduct certain "financial activities in a subsidiary to the same extent as may a national bank, provided the Bank is and remains "well-capitalized," "well-managed" and in satisfactory compliance with CRA. Presently, the Bank does not have any financial subsidiaries.

    Interstate Branching

        Under current law, California state banks are permitted to establish branch offices throughout California with prior regulatory approval. In addition, with prior regulatory approval, banks are permitted to acquire branches of existing banks located in California. Finally, California state banks generally may branch across state lines by merging with banks in other states if allowed by the applicable states' laws. With limited exceptions, California law currently permits branching across state lines through interstate mergers resulting in the acquisition of a whole California bank that has been in existence for at least five years. The Bank currently has branches located in the States of California, Texas, New Jersey, and New York. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, branching requirements have been relaxed so that state banks have the ability to establish branches in any state if that state would permit the establishment of the branch by a state bank chartered in that state.

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    Federal Home Loan Bank System

        The Federal Home Loan Bank system, or the "FHLB," of which the Bank is a member, consists of 12 regional FHLB's governed and regulated by the Federal Housing Finance Board, or the FHFB. The FHLB's serve as reserve or credit facilities for member institutions within their assigned regions. They are funded primarily from proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB system. They make loans (i.e., advances) to members in accordance with policies and procedures established by the FHLB and the boards of directors of each regional FHLB.

        As a system member, the Bank is entitled to borrow from the FHLB of San Francisco, or FHLB-SF, and is required to own capital stock in the FHLB-SF in an amount equal to the greater of 1% of the membership asset value, not exceeding $25 million, or 4.7% of outstanding FHLB-SF advance borrowings. The Bank is in compliance with the stock ownership rules described above with respect to such advances, commitments and letters of credit and home mortgage loans and similar obligations. All loans, advances and other extensions of credit made by the FHLB-SF to the Bank are secured by portions of the Bank's loan portfolio, certain other investments, and the capital stock of the FHLB-SF held by the Bank.

    Mortgage Banking Operations

        The Bank is subject to the rules and regulations of FNMA with respect to originating, processing, selling and servicing mortgage loans, and the issuance and sale of mortgage-backed securities. Those rules and regulations, among other things, prohibit discrimination and establish underwriting guidelines which include provisions for inspections and appraisals, require credit reports on prospective borrowers, and fix maximum loan amounts. Mortgage origination activities are subject to, among others, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Federal Truth-in-Lending Act and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and the regulations promulgated there-under which, among other things, prohibit discrimination and require the disclosure of certain basic information to mortgagors concerning credit terms and settlement costs. The Bank is also subject to regulation by the California DBO, with respect to, among other things, the establishment of maximum origination fees on certain types of mortgage loan products. Wilshire Bank is an approved Housing and Urban Development or ("HUD") lender or mortgagee and as such we must report to HUD. On an annual basis we are required to report our annual, audited financial and non-financial information necessary for HUD to evaluate compliance with the Fair Housing Act or ("FHA") requirements.

        Starting in 2014, the Bank began participating in FHLB of San Francisco's Mortgage Partnership Finance Program. By participating in this program, the Bank is able to deliver to the FHLB conventional, conforming, fixed rate mortgage loans, and FHA/VA-insured mortgage loans. The programs offers the Bank another avenue in which to competitively sell residential mortgage loans that it originates.

        In February of 2015, the Company acquired certain assets and assumed certain operations of Bank of Manhattan's Mortgage Lending Division. The Company will operate on an ongoing basis a scaled down model of the Mortgage Lending Division operations. The transaction is expected to close during the first quarter of 2015. The transaction should help to increase overall residential mortgage loan originations and contribute to additional fee income generation through the sales of originated loans.

    Future Legislation and Economic Policy

        We cannot predict what other legislation or economic and monetary policies of the various regulatory authorities might be enacted or adopted or what other regulations might be adopted or the effects thereof. Future legislation and policies and the effects thereof might have a significant influence on overall growth and distribution of loans, investments, and deposits and affect interest rates charged on loans or paid from time and savings deposits. Such legislation and policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue.

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    Capital Requirements (Holding Company and Bank)

        At December 31, 2014, the Company's and the Bank's capital ratios exceed the minimum percentage requirements for "well capitalized" institutions. See note 17 and Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Capital Resources and Capital Adequacy Requirements" for further information regarding the regulatory capital guidelines as well as the Company's and the Bank's actual capitalization as of December 31, 2014.

        The federal banking agencies have adopted risk-based minimum capital guidelines for bank holding companies and banks which are intended to provide a measure of capital that reflects the degree of risk associated with a banking organization's operations for both transactions reported on the statement of financial condition as assets and transactions which are recorded as off-balance sheet items. The risk-based capital ratio is determined by classifying assets and certain off-balance sheet financial instruments into weighted categories, with higher levels of capital being required for those categories perceived as representing greater risk. Under the capital guidelines, a banking organization's total capital is divided into three tiers. The first, "Tier 1 capital" includes common equity, our Series A Preferred Stock, and trust-preferred securities subject to certain criteria and quantitative limits. The second, "Tier 2 capital" includes hybrid capital instruments, other qualifying debt instruments, a limited amount of the allowance for loan and lease losses, and a limited amount of unrealized holding gains on equity securities. Lastly, "Tier 3 capital" consists of qualifying unsecured debt. The sum of Tier 2 and Tier 3 capital may not exceed the amount of Tier 1 capital. The risk-based capital guidelines require a minimum ratio of qualifying total capital to risk-weighted assets of 8.00% and a minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of 4.00%.

        An institution's risk-based capital, leverage capital, and tangible capital ratios together determine the institution's capital classification. An institution is treated as well capitalized if its total capital to risk-weighted assets ratio is 10.00% or more; its core capital to risk-weighted assets ratio is 6.00% or more; and its core capital to adjusted average assets ratio is 5.00% or more. In addition to the risk-based guidelines, the federal bank regulatory agencies require banking organizations to maintain a minimum amount of Tier 1 capital to total assets, referred to as the leverage ratio. For a banking organization rated "well-capitalized," the minimum leverage ratio of Tier 1 capital to total assets must be 3.00%.

        The FDIA gives the federal banking agencies the additional broad authority to take "prompt corrective action" to resolve the problems of insured depository institutions that fall within any undercapitalized category, including requiring the submission of an acceptable capital restoration plan. The federal banking agencies have also adopted non-capital safety and soundness standards to assist examiners in identifying and addressing potential safety and soundness concerns before capital becomes impaired. The guidelines set forth operational and managerial standards relating to: (i) internal controls, information systems and internal audit systems, (ii) loan documentation, (iii) credit underwriting, (iv) asset quality and growth, (v) earnings, (vi) risk management, and (vii) compensation and benefits.

    New Capital Adequacy Requirements Under Basel III

        On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve Board, and on July 9, 2013, the FDIC and OCC, adopted a final rule that implements the Basel III changes to the international regulatory capital framework, referred to as the "Basel III Rules." The Basel III Rules apply to both depository institutions and (subject to certain exceptions not applicable to the Company) their holding companies. Although parts of the Basel III Rules apply only to large, complex financial institutions, substantial portions of the Basel III Rules apply to the Company and our subsidiary bank. The Basel III Rules include requirements contemplated by the Dodd-Frank Act as well as certain standards initially adopted by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2010.

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        The Basel III Rules include new risk-based and leverage capital ratio requirements and refine the definition of what constitutes "capital" for purposes of calculating those ratios. The minimum capital level requirements applicable to the Company and our subsidiary bank under the Basel III Rules are: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions. Common equity Tier 1 capital will consist of retained earnings and common stock instruments, subject to certain adjustments.

        The Basel III Rules also establish a "capital conservation buffer" of 2.5% above the new regulatory minimum risk-based capital requirements. The conservation buffer, when added to the capital requirements, will result in the following minimum ratios: (i) a common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 7.0%, (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8.5%, and (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.5%. The new capital conservation buffer requirement is to be phased in beginning in January 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and will increase by that amount each year until fully implemented in January 2019. An institution would be subject to limitations on certain activities including payment of dividends, share repurchases, and discretionary bonuses to executive officers if its capital level is below the buffered ratio. Although these new capital ratios do not become fully phased in until 2019, the banking regulators will expect bank holding companies and banks to meet these requirements well ahead of that date.

        The Basel III Rules also revise the PCA framework, which is designed to place restrictions on insured depository institutions, including our subsidiary bank, if their capital levels do not meet certain thresholds. These revisions became effective January 1, 2015. The prompt correction action rules include a common equity Tier 1 capital component and increase certain other capital requirements for the various thresholds. For example, under the proposed prompt corrective action rules, insured depository institutions are required to meet the following capital levels in order to qualify as "well capitalized:" (i) a new common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8% (increased from 6%); (iii) a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% (unchanged from current rules).

        The Federal Reserve may also set higher capital requirements for holding companies whose circumstances warrant it. For example, holding companies experiencing internal growth or making acquisitions are expected to maintain strong capital positions substantially above the minimum supervisory levels, without significant reliance on intangible assets. At this time, the bank regulatory agencies are more inclined to impose higher capital requirements to meet well-capitalized standards and future regulatory change could impose higher capital standards as a routine matter.

        The Basel III Rules set forth certain changes in the methods of calculating certain risk-weighted assets, which in turn will affect the calculation of risk based ratios. Under the Basel III Rules, higher or more sensitive risk weights would be assigned to various categories of assets, including, certain credit facilities that finance the acquisition, development or construction of real property, certain exposures or credits that are 90 days past due or on nonaccrual, foreign exposures and certain corporate exposures. In addition, these rules include greater recognition of collateral and guarantees, and revised capital treatment for derivatives and repo-style transactions.

        In addition, the Basel III Rules includes certain exemptions to address concerns about the regulatory burden on community banks. For example, banking organizations with less than $15 billion in consolidated assets as of December 31, 2009 are permitted to include in Tier 1 capital trust preferred securities and cumulative perpetual preferred stock issued and included in Tier 1 capital prior to May 19, 2010 on a permanent basis, without any phase out. Community banks may also elect on a one time basis in their March 31, 2015 quarterly filings to opt-out out of the onerous requirement to include most accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI") components in the calculation of CET1 capital and, in effect, retain the AOCI treatment under the current capital rules. Under the Final Capital Rule, the Company may make a one-time, permanent election to continue to exclude accumulated other comprehensive

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income from capital. If the Company does not make this election, unrealized gains and losses would be included in the calculation of its regulatory capital. Overall, the rule provides some important concessions for smaller, less complex financial institutions.

        The Basel III Rules generally became effective beginning January 1, 2015. The conservation buffer will be phased in beginning in 2016 and will take full effect on January 1, 2019. Certain calculations under the Basel III Rules will have also have phase-in periods. The Company must comply with the final Basel III Rules beginning on January 1, 2015. The Company through its subsidiary Wilshire Bank, expects to make the one-time election to opt-out of the requirement to include most accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI") components in the calculation of CET1 capital in its March 31, 2015, quarterly filing. Based on capital levels at December 31, 2014, the Company expects to meet all of the capital requirements of BASEL III at March 31, 2015.

    Concentrated Commercial Real Estate Lending Regulations

        The Federal Reserve Board, the FDIC, and the OCC promulgated guidance governing financial institutions with concentrations in commercial real estate lending. The guidance provides that a bank has a concentration in commercial real estate lending if (i) total reported loans for construction, land development, and other land represent 100% or more of the Bank's total capital or (ii) total reported loans secured by multifamily and non-farm residential properties and loans for construction, land development, and other land represent 300% or more of the Bank's total capital and the Bank's commercial real estate loan portfolio has increased 50% or more during the prior 36 months. If a concentration is present, management must employ heightened risk management practices including board and management oversight and strategic planning, development of underwriting standards, risk assessment, and monitoring through market analysis and stress testing, and increasing capital requirements.

        At December 31, 2014, the concentration of loans secured by multifamily and non-farm residential properties and loans for construction, land development, and other land represented approximately 326%, over the threshold of 300% stated in the interagency guidance on concentrations in commercial real estate. The increase of this threshold to over 300% in 2014 was primarily due to the acquisition of Saehan which held high concentrations of commercial real estate loans. As a result of the increase in concentration of commercial real estate loans from the acquisition, management has developed a plan to monitor and reduce our concentration of commercial real estate loans. We cannot guarantee that any risk management practices we implement will be effective to prevent losses relating to our commercial real estate portfolio. Management will continue to undertake controls to monitor the Bank's commercial real estate lending, but we cannot predict the extent to which this guidance will continue to impact our operations or capital requirements.

    Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

        The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB") was created under the Dodd-Frank Act to centralize responsibility for consumer financial protection with broad rulemaking, supervision and enforcement authority for a wide range of consumer protection laws that would apply to all banks and thrifts, including the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Truth in Lending Act, Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, Fair Credit Reporting Act, Fair Debt Collection Act, the Consumer Financial Privacy provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and certain other statutes. Banking institutions with total assets of $10.0 billion or less, such as the Bank, remain subject to the supervision and enforcement of their primary federal banking regulator with respect to the federal consumer financial protection laws and such additional regulations as may be adopted by the CFPB.

        On January 10, 2013, the CFPB released its final "Ability-to-Repay/Qualified Mortgage" rules, which amend the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z). Regulation Z currently prohibits a creditor from making a higher-priced mortgage loan without regard to the consumer's ability to repay the loan. The final rule

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implements sections 1411 and 1412 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which generally require creditors to make a reasonable, good faith determination of a consumer's ability to repay any consumer credit transaction secured by a dwelling (excluding an open-end credit plan, timeshare plan, reverse mortgage, or temporary loan) and establishes certain protections from liability under this requirement for "qualified mortgages." The final rule also implements section 1414 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which limits prepayment penalties. Finally, the final rule requires creditors to retain evidence of compliance with the rule for three years after a covered loan is consummated. This rule became effective January 10, 2014. The CFPB allowed for certain temporary exemptions for banks with assets under $2 billion and that originate less than 500 mortgage loans in 2013.UDAP and UDAAP

    UDAP and UDAAP

        Recently, banking regulatory agencies have increasingly used a general consumer protection statute to address "unethical" or otherwise "bad" business practices that may not necessarily fall directly under the purview of a specific banking or consumer finance law. The law of choice for enforcement against such business practices has been Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act—the primary federal law that prohibits unfair or deceptive acts or practices and unfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce ("UDAP" or "FTC Act"). "Unjustified consumer injury" is the principal focus of the FTC Act. Prior to the Dodd-Frank Act, there was little formal guidance to provide insight to the parameters for compliance with the UDAP law. However, the UDAP provisions have been expanded under the Dodd-Frank Act to apply to "unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices" ("UDAAP"), which has been delegated to the CFPB for supervision. The CFPB has published its first Supervision and Examination Manual that addresses compliance with and the examination of UDAAP.

    Incentive Compensation

        In June 2010, the Federal Reserve Board, OCC, and FDIC issued comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization's incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization's ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization's board of directors.

        The Federal Reserve Board will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of banking organizations, such as the Company, that are not "large, complex banking organizations." The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the organization's safety and soundness and the organization is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.

        In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act requires publicly traded companies to give stockholders a non-binding vote on executive compensation at least every three years and on so-called "golden parachute" payments in connection with approvals of mergers and acquisitions unless previously voted on by shareholders. The Dodd-Frank Act also directs the federal banking regulators to promulgate rules prohibiting excessive compensation paid to executives of depository institutions and their holding companies with assets in excess of $1.0 billion, regardless of whether the company is publicly traded or not. Finally, the Dodd-Frank Act gives the SEC authority to prohibit broker discretionary voting on elections of directors and executive compensation matters.

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    Technology Risk Management and Consumer Privacy

        State and federal banking regulators have issued various policy statements emphasizing the importance of technology risk management and supervision in evaluating the safety and soundness of depository institutions with respect to banks that contract with outside vendors to provide data processing and core banking functions. The use of technology-related products, services, delivery channels, and processes exposes a bank to various risks, particularly operational, privacy, security, strategic, reputation and compliance risk. Banks are generally expected to prudently manage technology-related risks as part of their comprehensive risk management policies by identifying, measuring, monitoring, and controlling risks associated with the use of technology.

        Under Section 501 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, the federal banking agencies have established appropriate standards for financial institutions regarding the implementation of safeguards to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer records and information, protection against any anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such records and protection against unauthorized access to or use of such records or information in a way that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to a customer. Among other matters, the rules require each bank to implement a comprehensive written information security program that includes administrative, technical, and physical safeguards relating to customer information.

        Under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, a financial institution must also provide its customers with a notice of privacy policies and practices. Section 502 prohibits a financial institution from disclosing nonpublic personal information about a customer to nonaffiliated third parties unless the institution satisfies various notice and opt-out requirements and the customer has not elected to opt out of the disclosure. Under Section 504, the agencies are authorized to issue regulations as necessary to implement notice requirements and restrictions on a financial institution's ability to disclose nonpublic personal information about customers to nonaffiliated third parties. Under the final rule the regulators adopted, all banks must develop initial and annual privacy notices which describe in general terms the bank's information sharing practices. Banks that share nonpublic personal information about customers with nonaffiliated third parties must also provide customers with an opt-out notice and a reasonable period of time for the customer to opt out of any such disclosure (with certain exceptions). Limitations are placed on the extent to which a bank can disclose an account number or access code for credit card, deposit, or transaction accounts to any nonaffiliated third party for use in marketing.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

        The risks described below could materially and adversely affect our business, financial conditions, and results of operations. You should carefully consider the following risk factors and all other information contained in this Report. In addition, the trading price of our common stock could decline due to any of the events described in these risks.

If a significant number of clients fail to perform under their loans, our business, profitability, and financial condition would be adversely affected.

        As a lender, one of the largest risks we face is the possibility that a significant number of our client borrowers will fail to pay their loans when due. If borrower defaults cause losses in excess of our allowance for loan losses, it could have an adverse effect on our business, profitability, and financial condition. We have established an evaluation process designed to determine the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses. Although this evaluation process uses historical and other objective information, the classification of loans and the establishment of loan losses are dependent to a great extent on our experience and judgment. Although we believe that our allowance for loan losses is at a level adequate to absorb any inherent losses in our loan portfolio, we may find it necessary to further increase the allowance for loan losses or our regulators may require us to increase this allowance. If we are unable to effectively measure

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and limit the risk of default associated with our loan portfolio, our business, financial condition, and profitability may be adversely impacted.

Increases in the level of non-performing loans could adversely affect our business, profitability, and financial condition.

        Increases in non-performing loans could have an adverse effect on our earnings as a result of related increases in our provisions for loan losses, charge-offs, and other losses related to non-performing loans which could in turn deplete our capital, leaving the Company undercapitalized. Non-performing loans for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $37.3 million, compared to $37.2 million, at the end of 2013, and $28.0 million at the end of 2012.

Increases in our allowance for loan losses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

        Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for loan losses to provide for loan defaults and non-performance. Our allowance for loan losses is based on prior experience, as well as an evaluation of the risks in the current portfolio. However, actual loan losses could increase significantly as the result of changes in economic, operating, and other conditions, including changes in interest rates, which are generally beyond our control. In addition, actual loan losses could increase significantly as a result of deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting. Thus, such losses could exceed our current allowance estimates. Either of these occurrences could materially affect our earnings adversely.

        In addition, the measure of our allowance for loan losses is dependent on the adoption of new accounting standards. The Financial Accounting Standards Board recently issued a proposed Accounting Standards Update that presents a new credit impairment model, the Current Expected Credit Loss ("CECL") model, which would require financial institutions to estimate and develop a provision for credit losses at origination for the lifetime of the loan, as opposed to reserving for incurred or probable losses up to the balance sheet date. Under the CECL model, credit deterioration would be reflected in the income statement in the period of origination or acquisition of the loan, with changes in expected credit losses due to further credit deterioration or improvement reflected in the periods in which the expectation changes. Accordingly, the CECL model could require financial institutions like the Bank to increase their allowances for loan losses. Moreover, the CECL model likely would create more volatility in our level of allowance for loan losses.

        Finally, the FDIC and the DBO, as an integral part of their respective supervisory functions, periodically review our allowance for loan losses. Such regulatory agencies may require us to increase our provision for losses on loans and loan commitments or to recognize further loan charge-offs, based upon judgments different from those of management. If we are required to materially increase our level of allowance for loan losses for any reason, such increase could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

Banking organizations are subject to interest rate risk and changes in interest rates may negatively affect our financial performance.

        A major portion of our net income comes from our interest rate spread, which is the difference between the interest rates paid by us on interest bearing liabilities, such as deposits and other borrowings, and the interest rates we receive on interest-earning assets, such as loans we extend to our clients and securities held in our investment portfolio. Net interest spreads are affected by the difference between the maturities and repricing characteristics of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities. In addition, loan volume and yields are affected by market interest rates on loans, and rising interest rates generally are associated with a lower volume of loan originations.

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        While the federal funds rate and other short-term market interest rates was previously decreased substantially, the intermediate and long-term market interest rates, which are used by many banking organizations to guide loan pricing, have not decreased proportionately. This has led to a "steepening" of the market yield curve with short-term rates considerably lower than long-term notes. We may not be able to minimize our interest rate risk. In addition, while a decrease in the general level of interest rates may improve the ability of certain borrowers with variable rate loans to pay the interest on and principal of their obligations, it reduces our interest income, and may lead to an increase in competition among banks for deposits. Accordingly, changes in levels of market interest rates could materially and adversely affect our net interest spread, net interest margin, and our overall profitability. Liquidity risk could impair our ability to fund operations, meet our obligations as they become due, and jeopardize our financial condition.

Liquidity risk could impair our ability to fund operations, meet our obligations as they become due, and jeopardize our financial condition.

        Liquidity is essential to our business. Liquidity risk is the potential that we will be unable to meet our obligations as they come due because of an inability to liquidate assets or obtain adequate funding. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, the sale of loans, and other sources could have a substantial negative effect on our liquidity. Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance our activities or on terms which are acceptable to us could be impaired by factors that affect us specifically or the financial services industry or economy in general. Factors that could detrimentally impact our access to liquidity sources include a decrease in the level of our business activity as a result of a downturn in the markets in which our loans are concentrated or adverse regulatory actions against us. Market conditions or other events could also negatively affect the level or cost of funding, affecting our ongoing ability to accommodate liability maturities and deposit withdrawals, meet contractual obligations, and fund asset growth and new business transactions at a reasonable cost, in a timely manner and without adverse consequences. Although management has implemented strategies to maintain sufficient and diverse sources of funding to accommodate planned as well as unanticipated changes in assets and liabilities under both normal and adverse conditions, any substantial, unexpected, and/or prolonged change in the level or cost of liquidity could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

The profitability of Wilshire Bancorp is dependent on the profitability of the Bank.

        Because Wilshire Bancorp's principal activity is to act as the holding company of the Bank, the profitability of Wilshire Bancorp is largely dependent on the profitability of the Bank. The Bank operates in an extremely competitive banking environment, competing with a number of banks and other financial institutions which possess greater financial resources than those available to the Bank, in addition to other independent banks. In addition, the banking business is affected by general economic and political conditions, both domestic and international, and by government monetary and fiscal policies. Conditions such as inflation, recession, unemployment, high interest rates, short money supply, scarce natural resources, international terrorism and other disorders as well as other factors beyond the control of the Bank may adversely affect its profitability. Banks are also subject to extensive governmental supervision, regulation, and control, and future legislation and government policy could adversely affect the banking industry and the operations of the Bank.

Wilshire Bancorp relies heavily on the payment of dividends from the Bank.

        The Bank is the only source of significant income for Wilshire Bancorp. Accordingly, the ability of Wilshire Bancorp to meet its debt service requirements and to pay dividends depends on the ability of the Bank to pay dividends to it. However, the Bank is subject to regulations limiting the amount of dividends that it may pay to Wilshire Bancorp. For example, any payment of dividends by the Bank is subject to the FDIC's capital adequacy guidelines. All banks and bank holding companies are required to maintain a

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minimum ratio of qualifying total capital to total risk-weighted assets of 8.00%, at least one-half of which must be in the form of Tier 1 capital, and a ratio of Tier 1 capital to average adjusted assets of 4.00%. If (i) the FDIC increases any of these required ratios; (ii) the total of risk-weighted assets of the Bank increases significantly; and/or (iii) the Bank's income decreases significantly, the Bank's Board of Directors may decide or be required to retain a greater portion of the Bank's earnings to achieve and maintain the required capital or asset ratios. This will reduce the amount of funds available for the payment of dividends by the Bank to Wilshire Bancorp. Further, in some cases, the FDIC could take the position that it has the power to prohibit the Bank from paying dividends if, in its view, such payments would constitute unsafe or unsound banking practices. In addition, whether dividends are paid and their frequency and amount will depend on the financial condition and performance, and the discretion of the Board of Directors of the Bank. The foregoing restrictions on dividends paid by the Bank may limit Wilshire Bancorp's ability to obtain funds from such dividends for its cash needs, including funds for payment of its debt service requirements and operating expenses and for payment of cash dividends to Wilshire Bancorp's shareholders. The amount of dividends the Bank could pay to Wilshire Bancorp as of December 31, 2014 without prior regulatory approval, which is limited by statute to the sum of undivided profits for the current year plus net profits for the preceding two years (less any distributions made to shareholders during such periods), was $4.3 million.

To continue our growth, we are affected by our ability to identify and acquire other financial institutions.

        We intend to continue our current growth strategy. This strategy includes opening new branches and acquiring other banks that serve customers or markets we find desirable. The market for acquisitions remains highly competitive, and we may be unable to find satisfactory acquisition candidates in the future that fit our acquisition and growth strategy. To the extent that we are unable to find suitable acquisition candidates, an important component of our growth strategy may be lost. Additionally, our completed acquisitions, or any future acquisitions, may not produce the revenue, earnings, or synergies that we anticipated.

Income that we recognized and continue to recognize in connection with our 2013 acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan may be non-recurring or finite in duration.

        The loans that we acquired from Mirae Bank were acquired at a $54.9 million discount. In 2013, we acquired BankAsiana and Saehan and their loan portfolio at a discount of $9.2 million and $27.7 million, respectively. This discount is amortized and accreted to interest income on a monthly basis. However, as these loans are paid-off, charged-off, sold, or transferred to non-accrual status, the income from the discount accretion is reduced. As the acquired loans are removed from our books, the related discount will no longer be available for accretion into income. Accretion of $11.2 million, $2.5 million, and $1.9 million on loans purchased at a discount was recorded as interest income during 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively.

        As of December 31, 2014, the balance of the carrying value of our discount on former Mirae loans was $1.3 million, which declined by $900,000 from its carrying value of $2.2 million as of December 31, 2013 and by $53.6 million from its initial value of $54.9 million. The carrying value of the discount on former BankAsiana and Saehan loans was $3.7 million and $17.0 million, respectively at December 31, 2014, and $6.9 million and $25.1 million, respectively at December 31, 2013. We expect the continued reduction of discount accretion recorded as interest income in future quarters.

Our use of appraisals in deciding whether to make a loan on or secured by real property does not ensure the value of the real property collateral.

        In considering whether to make a loan secured by real property, we generally require an appraisal of the property. However, an appraisal is only an estimate of the value of the property at the time the

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appraisal is made, and an error in fact or judgment could adversely affect the reliability of an appraisal. In addition, events occurring after the initial appraisal may cause the value of the real estate to decrease. As a result of any of these factors, the value of collateral backing a loan may be less than supposed, and if a default occurs, we may not recover the outstanding balance of the loan.

We are subject to environmental risks associated with owning real estate or collateral.

        The cost of cleaning up or paying damages and penalties associated with environmental problems could increase our operating expenses. When a borrower defaults on a loan secured by real property, the Bank may purchase the property in foreclosure or accept a deed to the property surrendered by the borrower. We may also take over the management of commercial properties whose owners have defaulted on loans. We may also own and lease premises where branches and other facilities are located. While we will have lending, foreclosure and facilities guidelines intended to exclude properties with an unreasonable risk of contamination, hazardous substances could exist on some of the properties that the Bank may own, manage, or occupy. We face the risk that environmental laws could force us to clean up the properties at the Company's expense. It may cost much more to clean a property than the property is worth. We could also be liable for pollution generated by a borrower's operations if the Bank takes a role in managing those operations after a default. The Bank may also find it difficult or impossible to sell contaminated properties.

Adverse changes in domestic or global economic conditions, especially in California, could have a material adverse effect on our business, growth, and profitability.

        If economic conditions worsen in the domestic or global economy, especially in California, our business, growth and profitability are likely to be materially adversely affected. A substantial number of our clients are geographically concentrated in California, and adverse economic conditions in California, particularly in the Los Angeles area, could harm the businesses of a disproportionate number of our clients. To the extent that our clients' underlying businesses are harmed, they are more likely to default on their loans. The conditions in the California economy and in the economies of other areas where we operate may deteriorate further in the future and such deterioration may adversely affect us.

Difficult economic and market conditions may continue to adversely affect Wilshire's industry and business.

        Wilshire is operating in a challenging and uncertain economic environment, including generally uncertain global, national, and local conditions. The significant economic contraction of 2007 to 2009 adversely affected business activity across a wide range of industries and regions. Businesses and consumers were negatively impacted and capital and credit markets experienced volatility and disruption. Economic conditions affect the ability of borrowers to pay interest on and repay principal of outstanding loans and affect the value of collateral securing loans. The economic contraction and related declines in real estate values caused an elevated level of impaired loans and an associated increase in loan loss provision and charge-offs, leading to net losses for the Company in 2010 and 2011.

        Wilshire's business is closely tied to the economies of its primary markets in general and is particularly affected by the economies of Southern California, New Jersey and the New York metropolitan area. The economies of California and the East Coast have generally stabilized and/or are recovering. The housing market has improved with prices increasing in 2014. Vacancy rates for commercial properties have stabilized and small business owners are increasingly considering bank borrowings in order to grow. However, slow economic growth and the lingering effect of the 2007 to 2009 downturn continue to make for challenging operating conditions which may continue for some time and may have an adverse impact on Wilshire.

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The banking industry and Wilshire operate under certain regulatory requirements that may change significantly and in a manner that further impairs revenues, operating income and financial condition.

        Wilshire operates in a highly regulated industry and is subject to examination, supervision, and comprehensive regulation by the DBO, the FDIC, and the Federal Reserve Board. The regulations affect Wilshire's investment practices, lending activities and dividend policy, among other things. Moreover, federal and state banking laws and regulations undergo frequent and often significant changes and have been subject to significant change in recent years, sometimes retroactively applied, and may change significantly in the future. Changes to these laws and regulations or other actions by regulatory agencies could, among other things, make regulatory compliance more difficult or expensive for Wilshire, limit the products Wilshire can offer or increase the ability of non-banks to compete and could adversely affect Wilshire in significant but unpredictable ways, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on Wilshire's financial condition or results of operations.

        The Dodd-Frank Act instituted major changes to the banking and financial institutions regulatory regimes in light of the performance of and government intervention in the financial services sector. Included in the Dodd-Frank Act are, for example, changes related to deposit insurance assessments, executive compensation and corporate governance requirements, payment of interest on demand deposits, interchange fees, and overdraft services. The Dodd-Frank Act also implemented the "Volcker Rule" for banks and bank holding companies, which would prohibit proprietary trading, investment in and sponsorship of hedge funds and private equity funds, and otherwise limit the relationships with such funds. See the section entitled "Supervision and Regulation—The Dodd-Frank Act" for more information. Many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are subject to rulemaking by various regulatory agencies and will take effect over several years, making it difficult at this time to anticipate the overall financial impact of this expansive legislation on Wilshire, its customers or the financial industry generally. Likewise, any new consumer financial protection laws enacted by the CFPB, which was established pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, would apply to all banks and thrifts, and may increase Wilshire's compliance and operational costs in the future.

        In addition, the banking regulatory agencies adopted a final rule in July 2013 that implements the Basel III changes to the international regulatory capital framework and revises the U.S. risk-based and leverage capital requirements for U.S. banking organizations to strengthen identified areas of weakness in the capital rules and to address relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. The Basel III Rules, effective January 1, 2015, impose a stricter regulatory capital framework that requires banking organizations to hold more and higher-quality capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb losses and help banking organizations better withstand periods of financial stress. See the risk factor entitled "Wilshire may be subject to more stringent capital and liquidity requirements which would adversely affect Wilshire's net income and future growth" for more information.

        We cannot predict the substance or impact of pending or future legislation or regulation. Our compliance with these laws and regulations is costly and may restrict certain activities, including payment of dividends, mergers and acquisitions, investments, interest rates charged on loans, interest rates paid on deposits, access to capital and brokered deposits and locations of banking offices. Failure to comply with these laws or regulations could result in fines, penalties, sanctions, and damage to our reputation which could have an adverse effect on our business and financial results.

The CFPB may reshape the consumer financial laws through rulemaking and enforcement of unfair, deceptive, or abusive practices, which may directly impact the business operations of depository institutions offering consumer financial products or services including the Bank.

        The CFPB has broad rulemaking authority to administer and carry out the purposes and objectives of the "Federal consumer financial laws, and to prevent evasions thereof," with respect to all financial institutions that offer financial products and services to consumers. The CFPB is also authorized to

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prescribe rules applicable to any covered person or service provider identifying and prohibiting acts or practices that are "unfair, deceptive, or abusive" in connection with any transaction with a consumer for a consumer financial product or service, or the offering of a consumer financial product or service ("UDAP authority"). The potential reach of the CFPB's broad rulemaking powers and UDAP authority on the operations of financial institutions offering consumer financial products or services including the Bank is currently unknown.

The Bank is subject to federal and state and fair lending laws, and failure to comply with these laws could lead to material penalties.

        Federal and state fair lending laws and regulations, such as the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act, impose nondiscriminatory lending requirements on financial institutions. The Department of Justice, CFPB, and other federal and state agencies are responsible for enforcing these laws and regulations. Private parties may also have the ability to challenge an institution's performance under fair lending laws in private class action litigation. A successful challenge to the Bank's performance under the fair lending laws and regulations could adversely impact the Bank's rating under the Community Reinvestment Act and result in a wide variety of sanctions, including the required payment of damages and civil money penalties, injunctive relief, imposition of restrictions on merger and acquisition activity and restrictions on expansion activity, which could negatively impact the Bank's reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our operations may require us to raise additional capital in the future, but that capital may not be available or may not be on terms acceptable to us when it is needed.

        We are required by federal regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. While we believe our existing capital resources at the Bank are sufficient to satisfy the Bank's capital requirements for the foreseeable future and will be sufficient to offset any problem assets. However, should our asset quality erode and require significant additional provision, resulting in consistent net operating losses at the Bank, our capital levels will decline and we will need to raise capital to support the Bank. In addition, we are subject to separate capital requirements and needs at the holding company. While we are in compliance with capital requirements at the holding company, there may be reasons in the future why we would determine to increase our capital levels at the holding company. Our ability to raise additional capital, if needed, will depend on conditions in the capital markets at that time, which are outside our control, and on our financial performance. Accordingly, we cannot be certain of our ability to raise additional capital if needed or on terms acceptable to us. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed, our ability to operate in substantially the same manner as we have before, including the payment of dividends at the bank and holding company level, could be materially impaired.

We may be subject to more stringent capital and liquidity requirements which would adversely affect our net income and future growth.

        On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve Board, and on July 9, 2013, the FDIC and Office of the Comptroller of Currency, adopted the Basel III Rules, which establish a stricter regulatory capital framework that requires banking organizations to hold more and higher-quality capital. The Basel III Rules increase capital ratios for all banking organizations and introduces a "capital conservation buffer" which is in addition to each capital ratio. If a banking organization dips into its capital conservation buffer, it may be restricted in its ability to pay dividends and discretionary bonus payments to its executive officers. The Basel III Rules assign a higher risk weight (150%) to exposures that are more than 90 days past due or are on nonaccrual status and to certain commercial real estate facilities that finance the acquisition, development or construction of real property. The Basel III Rules also require unrealized gains and losses on certain "available-for-sale" securities holdings to be included for purposes of calculating regulatory capital requirements unless a one-time opt-in or opt-out is exercised. The Basel III Rules also include

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changes in what constitutes regulatory capital, some of which are subject to a two-year transition period. These changes include the phasing-out of certain instruments as qualifying capital. In addition, Tier 2 capital is no longer limited to the amount of Tier 1 capital included in total capital. Mortgage servicing rights, certain deferred tax assets, and investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries over designated percentages of common stock will be required to be deducted from capital, subject to a two-year transition period. Finally, Tier 1 capital will include accumulated other comprehensive income (which includes all unrealized gains and losses on available for sale debt and equity securities), subject to a two-year transition period. We have the one-time option in the first quarter of 2015 to permanently opt out of the inclusion of accumulated other comprehensive income in our capital calculation. We are expecting to opt out in order to reduce the impact of market volatility on its regulatory capital levels. The final rule becomes effective for the Company on January 1, 2015. We have conducted a pro forma analysis of the application of these new capital requirements and have determined that we meet all of these new requirements, including the full capital conservation buffer, as if these new requirements had been in effect on that date.

        The Basel III Rules became effective for the Company on January 1, 2015. We have conducted a pro forma analysis of the application of these new capital requirements and have determined that we meet all of these new requirements, including the full capital conservation buffer, as if these new requirements had been in effect on December 31, 2014. Our failure to comply with the minimum capital requirements could result in our regulators taking formal or informal actions against the Company which could restrict our future growth or operations.

Maintaining or increasing our market share depends on market acceptance and regulatory approval of new products and services.

        Our success depends, in part, upon our ability to adapt our products and services to evolving industry standards and consumer demand. There is increasing pressure on financial services companies to provide products and services at lower prices. In addition, the widespread adoption of new technologies, including internet-based services, could require us to make substantial expenditures to modify or adapt our existing products or services. A failure to achieve market acceptance of any new products we introduce, or a failure to introduce products that the market may demand, could have an adverse effect on our business, profitability, or growth prospects.

Significant reliance on loans secured by real estate may increase our vulnerability to downturns in the California real estate market and other variables impacting the value of real estate.

        At December 31, 2014, approximately 81.0% of our loans were secured by real estate, a substantial portion of which consist of loans secured by real estate in California. Conditions in the California real estate market historically have influenced the level of our non-performing assets. A real estate recession in Southern California could adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, California has experienced, on occasion, significant natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, brush fires and flooding attributed to various weather phenomenon. In addition to these catastrophes, California has experienced a moderate decline in housing prices beginning in late 2006. The decline in housing prices subsequently developed into a financial crisis, characterized by the further decline in the real estate market in many parts of the country, including California, starting in the second half of 2007, and the failures of many financial institutions between 2008 and 2011. The availability of insurance to compensate for losses resulting from such crises is limited. The occurrence of one or more of such crises could impair the value of the collateral for our real estate secured loans and adversely affect us.

If we fail to retain our key employees, our growth and profitability could be adversely affected.

        Our future success depends in large part upon the continuing contributions of our key management personnel. If we lose the services of one or more key employees within a short period of time, we could be adversely affected. Our future success is also dependent upon our continuing ability to attract and retain highly qualified personnel. Competition for such employees among financial institutions in California is intense. Our inability to attract and retain additional key personnel could adversely affect us.

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We rely heavily on technology and computer systems, and computer failure could result in loss of business and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

        Advances and changes in technology could significantly affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects. We face many challenges, including the increased demand for providing customers access to their accounts and the systems to perform banking transactions electronically. Our ability to compete depends on its ability to continue to adapt technology on a timely and cost-effective basis to meet these demands. In addition, our business and operations are susceptible to negative effects from computer system failures, communication and energy disruption, and unethical individuals with the technological ability to cause disruptions or failures of its data processing systems.

Risks associated with our Internet-based systems and online commerce security, including "hacking" and "identify theft," could adversely affect our business.

        We have a website and conduct a portion of our business over the Internet. We rely heavily upon data processing, including loan servicing and deposit processing software, communications systems, and information systems from a number of third parties to conduct our business. Third party, or internal, systems and networks may fail to operate properly or become disabled due to deliberate attacks or unintentional events. Our operations are vulnerable to disruptions from human error, natural disasters, power loss, computer viruses, spam attacks, denial of service attacks, unauthorized access and other unforeseen events. Undiscovered data corruption could render our customer information inaccurate. These events may obstruct our ability to provide services and process transactions. While we believe that we are in compliance with all applicable privacy and data security laws, an incident could put its customer confidential information at risk.

        Although we have not experienced a cyber-incident that has been successful in compromising our data or systems, we can never be certain that all of our systems are entirely free from vulnerability to breaches of security or other technological difficulties or failures. The Company monitors and modifies, as necessary, its protective measures in response to the perpetual evolution of cyber threats.

        A breach in the security of any of the Company information systems, or other cyber incident, could have an adverse impact on, among other things, its revenue, ability to attract and maintain customers and business reputation. In addition, as a result of any breach, we could incur higher costs to conduct our business, to increase protection, or related to remediation.

        Furthermore, our customers could incorrectly blame the Company and terminate their accounts with the Company for a cyber-incident which occurred on their own system or with that of an unrelated third party. In addition, a security breach could also subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny and expose us to civil litigation and possible financial liability.

        Finally, on February 12, 2013, the Obama Administration released an executive order, Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, referred to as the Executive Order, which is focused primarily on government actions to support critical infrastructure owners and operators in protecting their systems and networks from cyber threats. The Executive Order requires the development of risk-based cybersecurity standards, methodologies, procedures, and processes, a so-called "Cybersecurity Framework," that can be used voluntarily by critical infrastructure companies to address cyber risks. The Executive Order also will steer certain private sector companies to comply voluntarily with the Cybersecurity Framework. In response to the Executive Order, the FFIEC has published cybersecurity guidance on its website, along with observations from recent cybersecurity assessments. These assessments were conducted with the goal of identifying gaps in the regulators' examination procedures and training that can be used to strengthen the oversight of cybersecurity readiness. The implementation of any recommended guidance could require us to incur additional costs.

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We continually encounter technological changes which could result in the Company having fewer resources than many of its competitors to continue to invest in technological improvements.

        Frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services in the financial services industry result in the need for rapid technological change. In addition, the effective use of technology may result in improved customer service and reduced costs. Our future success depends, to a certain extent, on our ability to identify the needs of customers and address those needs by using technology to provide the desired products and services and to create additional efficiencies in its operations. Certain competitors may have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. We may not be able to successfully implement new technology-driven products and services or to effectively market these products and services to our customers. Failure to implement the necessary technological changes could have a material adverse impact on our business and, in turn, our financial condition, and results of operations.

The market for our common stock is limited, and potentially subject to volatile changes in price.

        The market price of our common stock may be subject to significant fluctuation in response to numerous factors, including variations in our annual or quarterly financial results or those of our competitors, changes by financial research analysts in their evaluation of our financial results or those of our competitors, or our failure or that of our competitors to meet such estimates, conditions in the economy in general or the banking industry in particular, or unfavorable publicity affecting us or the banking industry. In addition, the equity markets have, on occasion, experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have affected the market prices for many companies' securities and have been unrelated to the operating performance of those companies. In addition, the sale by any of our large shareholders of a significant portion of that shareholder's holdings could have a material adverse effect on the market price of our common stock. Further, the issuance or registration by us of any significant amount of additional shares of our common stock will have the effect of increasing the number of outstanding shares or, in the case of registrations, the number of shares of our common stock that are freely tradable; any such increase may cause the market price of our common stock to decline or fluctuate significantly. Any such fluctuations may adversely affect the prevailing market price of the common stock.

We may experience impairment of goodwill.

        The Company recognized goodwill in connection with the acquisitions of Liberty Bank of New York, BankAsiana, and Saehan. Goodwill is presumed to have an indefinite useful life and is tested for impairment, rather than amortized, at least annually. In addition, the Company tests on an interim basis for triggering events that would indicate impairment. The goodwill impairment analysis is a two-step test. However, under ASU 2011-08, a company can first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test. Therefore it would not be required to calculate the fair value unless we determined, based on a qualitative assessment, that it was more-likely-than-not that its fair value was less than its carrying amount. If management's assumptions used to evaluate goodwill are inaccurate, the fair value determined could be inaccurate and impairment may not be recognized in a timely manner. Goodwill may be written down in future periods.

We face substantial competition in our primary market area.

        We conduct our banking operations primarily in Southern California. Increased competition in our market may result in reduced loans and deposits. Ultimately, we may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors. Many competitors offer the same banking services that we offer in our service area. These competitors include national banks, regional banks and other community banks. We also face competition from many other types of financial institutions, including without limitation, savings and loan institutions, finance companies, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, mortgage banks and other financial intermediaries. In particular, our competitors include several major

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financial companies whose greater resources may afford them a marketplace advantage by enabling them to maintain numerous banking locations and mount extensive promotional and advertising campaigns. Additionally, banks and other financial institutions with larger capitalization and financial intermediaries not subject to bank regulatory restrictions have larger lending limits and are thereby able to serve the credit needs of larger customers. Areas of competition include interest rates for loans and deposits, efforts to obtain deposits, and range and quality of products and services provided, including new technology-driven products and services. Technological innovation continues to contribute to greater competition in domestic and international financial services markets as technological advances enable more companies to provide financial services. We also face competition from out-of-state financial intermediaries that have opened low-end production offices or that solicit deposits in our market areas. If we are unable to attract and retain banking customers, we may be unable to continue our loan growth and level of deposits and our results of operations and financial condition may otherwise be adversely affected.

Anti-takeover provisions of our charter documents may have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control or management.

        Certain provisions in our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws could discourage unsolicited takeover proposals not approved by the Board of Directors in which shareholders could receive a premium for their shares, thereby potentially limiting the opportunity for our shareholders to dispose of their shares at the higher price generally available in takeover attempts or that may be available under a merger proposal or may have the effect of permitting our current management, including the current Board of Directors, to retain its position, and place it in a better position to resist changes that shareholders may wish to make if they are dissatisfied with the conduct of our business. The anti-takeover measures included in our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, include, without limitation, the following:

    the elimination of cumulative voting,

    the adoption of a classified Board of Directors,

    super-majority shareholder voting requirements to modify certain provisions of the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, and

    restrictions on certain "business combinations" with third parties who may acquire our securities outside of an action taken by us.

We could be negatively impacted by downturns in the South Korean economy.

        Many of our customers are locally based Korean-Americans who also conduct business in South Korea. Although we conduct most of our business with locally-based customers and rely on domestically located assets to collateralize our loans and credit arrangements, we have historically had some exposure to the economy of South Korea in connection with certain portions of our loans and credit transactions with Korean banks. Such exposure has consisted of:

    discounts of acceptances created by banks in South Korea,

    advances made against clean documents presented under sight letters of credit issued by banks in South Korea,

    advances made against clean documents held for later presentation under letters of credit issued by banks in South Korea, and

    extensions of credit to borrowers in the U.S. secured by letters of credit issued by banks in South Korea.

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        We generally enter into any such loan or credit arrangements, in excess of $200,000 and of longer than 120 days, only with the largest of the Korean banks and spread other lesser or shorter term loan or credit arrangements among a variety of medium-sized Korean banks.

        Management closely monitors our exposure to the South Korean economy and the activities of Korean banks with which we conduct business. To date, we have not experienced any significant loss attributable to our exposure to South Korea. Nevertheless, our efforts to minimize exposure to downturns in the South Korean economy may not be successful in the future, and another significant downturn in the South Korean economy could possibly result in significant credit losses for us.

        In addition, due to our customer base being largely made up of Korean-Americans, our deposit base could significantly decrease as a result of deterioration in the Korean economy. For example, some of our customers' businesses may rely on funds from South Korea. Further, our customers may temporarily withdraw deposits in order to transfer funds and benefit from gains on foreign exchange and interest rates, and/or to support their relatives in South Korea during downturns in the Korean economy. A significant decrease in our deposits could also have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Additional shares of our common stock issued in the future could have a dilutive effect.

        Shares of our common stock eligible for future issuance and sale could have a dilutive effect on the market for our stock. Our Articles of Incorporation authorize the issuance of 200,000,000 shares of common stock. As of February 20, 2015, there were approximately 78,329,554 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding, 981,671 shares of our authorized but unissued shares of common stock have been granted and are reserved for issuance under the Wilshire Bancorp, Inc. 2008 Stock Option Plan, or the "2008 Stock Option Plan," plus an additional 3,000 shares of our common stock are reserved for issuance to the holders of stock options previously granted and still outstanding under the Wilshire State Bank 1997 Stock Option Plan, or the "1997 Stock Option Plan." Thus, approximately 120,635,164 shares of our common stock remain authorized, not reserved for stock options, and available for future issuance and sale at the discretion of our Board of Directors.

Changes in accounting standards may affect how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations.

        Our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. From time to time, the Financial Accounting Standards Board and SEC change the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of our financial statements. These changes and their impacts on us can be hard to predict and may result in unexpected and materially adverse impacts on our reported financial condition and results of operations.

Our business reputation is important and any damage to it may have a material adverse effect on our business.

        Our reputation is very important for our business, as we rely on our relationships with our current, former, and potential clients and stockholders, and in the communities we serve. Any damage to our reputation, whether arising from regulatory, supervisory or enforcement actions, matters affecting our financial reporting or compliance with SEC and exchange listing requirements, negative publicity, our conduct of our business or otherwise may have a material adverse effect on our business.

Weakness in commodity businesses could adversely affect our performance.

        In addition to the geographic concentration of our markets, certain industry-specific economic factors also affect us. For example, while we do not have a concentration in energy lending, the industry is cyclical and recently has experienced a significant drop in crude oil prices. A severe and prolonged decline in oil

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and gas commodity prices would adversely affect that industry and, consequently, may adversely affect our customers who are interdependent with that industry.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

        None.

Item 2.    Properties

        Our primary banking facilities (corporate headquarters and various lending offices) are located at 3200 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, California and consist of approximately 65,555 square feet as of December 31, 2014. This lease expires March 31, 2022, but we have an option to extend the lease for two consecutive five-year periods. The combined monthly rent for the lease is currently $92,737.

        At December 31, 2014, we had 34 full-service branch banking offices in Southern California, Texas, New Jersey, and New York. We also lease 5 (4 in operations) separate LPOs in Newark, California; Aurora, Colorado; Atlanta, Georgia; Federal Way, Washington; and New York, New York, and 1 loan office in Fullerton, California. Information about the properties associated with each of our banking facilities is set forth in the table below:

Property
  Address   Ownership
Status
  Square
Feet
  Purchase
Price
  Monthly
Rent*
  Use   Lease
Expiration

Wilshire Office

  3200 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 103 Los Angeles, California   Leased     7,426 ft 2   N/A   $ 11,659   Branch Office   March 2022

Rowland Heights Office

 

19765 East Colima Road Rowland Heights, California

 

Leased

   
2,860 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

9,097
 

Branch Office

 

May 2016

Western Office

 

841 South Western Avenue Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
4,950 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

27,407
 

Branch Office

 

June 2015

Olympic Office

 

2140 West Olympic Boulevard Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
9,247 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

16,182
 

Branch Office

 

August 2019

Valley Office

 

8401 Reseda Boulevard Northridge, California

 

Leased

   
7,350 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

12,998
 

Branch Office

 

October 2017

Downtown Office

 

401 East 11th Street, Suites 207-211 Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
5,500 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

17,333
 

Branch Office

 

June 2019

Cerritos Office

 

17500 Carmenita Road Cerritos, California

 

Leased

   
5,702 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

12,053
 

Branch Office

 

January 2017

Gardena Office

 

1701 West Redondo Beach. Blvd, #A Gardena, California

 

Leased

   
3,325 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

6,286
 

Branch Office

 

November 2021

Rancho Cucamonga Office

 

8045 Archibald Avenue Rancho Cucamonga, California

 

Leased

   
3,000 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

6,168
 

Branch Office

 

November 2015

City Center Office

 

3500 West 6th Street, #201 Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,538 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

19,667
 

Branch Office

 

May 2018

Mid-Wilshire Office

 

3832 Wilshire Boulevard Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,382 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

13,934
 

Branch Office

 

December 2016

Fashion Town Office

 

1300 South San Pedro Street Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,208 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

6,163
 

Branch Office

 

March 2019

Fullerton Office

 

5254 Beach Boulevard Buena Park, California

 

Leased

   
1,440 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

5,063
 

Loan Office

 

July 2015

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Property
  Address   Ownership
Status
  Square
Feet
  Purchase
Price
  Monthly
Rent*
  Use   Lease
Expiration

Huntington Park Office

 

6350 Pacific Boulevard Huntington Park, California

 

Purchased In 2005

    4,350 ft 2 $ 710,000     N/A  

Branch Office

 

N/A

Torrance Office

 

2424 Sepulveda Boulevard Torrance, California

 

Leased

   
2,360 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

7,826
 

Branch Office

 

June 2019

Garden Grove Office

 

9672 Garden Grove Boulevard Garden Grove, California

 

Purchased In 2005

   
2,549 ft

2

$

1,535,500
   
N/A
 

Branch Office

 

N/A

Manhattan Office

 

308 Fifth Avenue New York, New York

 

Leased

   
7,544 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

35,904
 

Branch Office

 

September 2019

Bayside Office

 

210-16 Northern Boulevard Bayside, New York

 

Leased

   
2,445 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

11,898
 

Branch Office

 

April 2017

Flushing Office

 

150-24 Northern Boulevard Flushing, New York

 

Leased

   
2,300 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

17,156
 

Branch Office

 

July 2018

Fort Lee Office

 

215 Main Street Fort Lee, New Jersey

 

Leased

   
2,264 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

12,149
 

Branch Office

 

May 2017

Dallas Office

 

2237 Royal Lane Dallas, Texas

 

Purchased
In 2003

   
7,000 ft

2

$

1,325,000
   
N/A
 

Branch Office

 

N/A

Denver Office

 

2821 South Parker Road, #415 Aurora, Colorado

 

Leased

   
1,135 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

1,480
 

LPO Office

 

September 2015

Georgia Office

 

3483 Satellite Boulevard, #309 South Duluth, Georgia

 

Leased

   
1,436 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

1,878
 

LPO Office

 

March 2015

Fort Worth Office

 

7553 Boulevard, #26 North Richland Hills, Texas

 

Purchased In 2009

   
3,500 ft

2
 
N/A
   
N/A
 

Branch Office

 

N/A

Northern CA Office

 

39899 Balentine Drive, #119 Newark, California

 

Leased

   
700 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

1,260
 

LPO Office

 

February 2017

Palisades Park Office

 

303 Broad Avenue Palisades Park, New Jersey

 

Leased

   
3,405 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

12,943
 

Branch Office

 

October 2019

W. Wilshire Office

 

3580 Wilshire Boulevard, #120 Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,523 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

8,808
 

Branch Office

 

December 2018

N. Western Office

 

550 South Western Avenue Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
12,627 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

59,292
 

Branch Office

 

April 2015

San Pedro Office

 

1100 South San Pedro, #L21-25 Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,459 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

7,786
 

Branch Office

 

November 2015

S. Fullerton Office

 

5300 Beach Boulevard, #101 Buena Park, California

 

Leased

   
3,155 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

13,992
 

Branch Office

 

January 2020

La Crescenta Office

 

2750 Foothill Boulevard La Crescenta, California

 

Leased

   
2,123 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

8,129
 

Branch Office

 

April 2015

Irvine Office

 

14725 Jeffrey Road Irvine, California

 

Leased

   
2,950 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

16,885
 

Branch Office

 

June 2017

W. Olympic Office

 

3224 W. Olympic Boulevard, #100 Los Angeles, California

 

Leased

   
3,964 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

19,820
 

Branch Office

 

March 2018

W. Gardena Office

 

2124 W. Redondo Beach Boulevard Torrance, California

 

Leased

   
3,950 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

7,925
 

Branch Office

 

April 2016

New York Office**

 

875 6th Avenue, #2400 New York, New York

 

Leased

   
1,539 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

5,762
 

LPO Office

 

March 2015

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Table of Contents

Property
  Address   Ownership
Status
  Square
Feet
  Purchase
Price
  Monthly
Rent*
  Use   Lease
Expiration

S. Palisades Park Office

 

7 Broad Avenue Palisades Park, New Jersey

 

Leased

    4,085 ft 2   N/A   $ 20,060  

Branch Office

 

March 2017

E. Fort Lee Office

 

172 Main Street Fort Lee, New Jersey

 

Leased

   
4,500 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

15,378
 

Branch Office

 

March 2018

E. Flushing Office

 

162-05 Crocheron Avenue Flushing, New York

 

Leased

   
3,500 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

10,911
 

Branch Office

 

June 2017

Washington Office

 

31620 23rd Avenue, South #305 Federal Way, Washington

 

Leased

   
683 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

1,195
 

LPO Office

 

October 2016

Houston Office

 

10000 Harwin Drive Houston, Texas

 

Leased

   
2,500 ft

2
 
N/A
 
$

4,050
 

Branch Office

 

June 2019


*
Monthly rent is based on figures at December 31, 2014

**
The New York LPO office is currently not operating

        Management has determined that all of our premises are adequate for our present and anticipated level of business.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        In the normal course of business, we are involved in various legal claims. We have reviewed all legal claims against us with counsel and have taken into consideration the views of such counsel as to the potential outcome of the claims. Accrued loss contingencies for all legal claims totaled $135,000 at December 31, 2014 and $250,000 at December 31, 2013. It is reasonably possible we may incur losses in addition to the amounts we have accrued. However, at this time, we are unable to estimate the range of additional losses that are reasonably possible because of a number of factors, including the fact that certain of these litigation matters are still in their early stages and involve claims for which, at this point, we believe have little to no merit. Management has considered these and other possible loss contingencies and does not expect the amounts to be material to any of the consolidated financial statements.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

    Not Applicable

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Trading History

        Wilshire Bancorp's common stock is listed for trading on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol "WIBC."

 
  Closing Sale
Price
 
 
  High   Low  

Year Ended December 31, 2014

             

First Quarter

  $ 11.82   $ 9.53  

Second Quarter

  $ 11.39   $ 9.85  

Third Quarter

  $ 10.50   $ 9.17  

Fourth Quarter

  $ 10.30   $ 8.94  

Year Ended December 31, 2013

   
 
   
 
 

First Quarter

  $ 6.78   $ 5.87  

Second Quarter

  $ 6.94   $ 6.07  

Third Quarter

  $ 8.97   $ 6.87  

Fourth Quarter

  $ 11.13   $ 8.13  

        On February 20, 2015, the closing sale price for the common stock was $9.78, as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.

Shareholders

        As of February 20, 2015, there were 337 shareholders of record of our common stock (not including the number of persons or entities holding stock in nominee or street name through various brokerage firms).

Dividends

        As a California corporation, we are restricted under the California General Corporation Law ("CGCL") from paying dividends under certain conditions. Our shareholders are entitled to receive dividends when and as declared by our Board of Directors, out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends, as provided in the CGCL. The CGCL provides that a corporation may make a distribution to its shareholders if retained earnings, immediately prior to dividend payouts, are at least equal to the amount of proposed distribution. In the event that sufficient retained earnings are not available for the proposed distribution, a corporation may, nevertheless, make a distribution, if it meets both the "quantitative solvency" and the "liquidity" tests. In general, the quantitative solvency test requires that the sum of the assets of the corporation equal at least 11/4 times its liabilities. The liquidity test generally requires that a corporation have current assets at least equal to current liabilities, or, if the average of the earnings of the corporation before taxes on income and before interest expenses for the two preceding fiscal years was less than the average of the interest expense of the corporation for such fiscal years, then current assets must be equal to at least 11/4 times current liabilities. In certain circumstances, we may be required to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board to make capital distributions to our shareholders.

        On June 4, 2013, the Board of Directors approved quarterly cash dividends of $0.03 per common share. Subsequently on March 12, 2014, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the Company's quarterly dividend to $0.05 per common share. All dividends are subject to the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on a number of factors, including future earnings, financial condition, cash

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needs, and general business conditions. Any dividend to our common shareholders must also comply with the restrictions associated with our junior subordinated debentures as well as applicable bank regulations.

        The following table shows cash dividends to the Company's common shareholders for the two years ended December 31, 2014:

DECLARATION DATE
  PAYABLE DATE   RECORD DATE   AMOUNT

November 24, 2014

  January 15, 2015   December 31, 2014   $0.05 per share

August 28, 2014

  October 15, 2014   September 30, 2014   $0.05 per share

May 28, 2014

  July 15, 2014   June 30, 2014   $0.05 per share

March 13, 2014

  April 15, 2014   March 31, 2014   $0.05 per share

December 30, 2013

  January 15, 2014   January 6, 2014   $0.03 per share

September 9, 2013

  October 15, 2013   September 30, 2013   $0.03 per share

June 4, 2013

  July 15, 2013   June 30, 2013   $0.03 per share

        Our ability to pay cash dividends in the future will depend in large part on the ability of the Bank to pay dividends on its capital stock to us. The ability of the Bank to pay dividends is restricted by the California Financial Code, the FDIA, and FDIC regulations. In general terms, California law provides that the Bank may declare a cash dividend out of net profits up to the lesser of retained earnings or net income, for the last three fiscal years (less any distributions made to shareholders during such period), or with the prior written approval of the Commissioner of the Department of Business Oversight, in an amount not exceeding the greatest of:

    retained earnings,

    net income for the prior fiscal year, or

    net income for the current fiscal year.

        The Bank's ability to pay any cash dividends will depend not only upon our earnings during a specified period, but also on our meeting certain capital requirements. The FDIA and FDIC regulations restricts the payment of dividends when a bank is undercapitalized, when a bank has failed to pay insurance assessments, or when there are safety and soundness concerns regarding a bank. The payment of dividends by the Bank may also be affected by other regulatory requirements and policies, such as maintenance of adequate capital. If, in the opinion of the regulatory authority, a depository institution under its jurisdiction is engaged in, or is about to engage in, an unsafe or unsound practice (which, depending on the financial condition of the depository institution, could include the payment of dividends), such authority may require, after notice and hearing, that such depository institution cease and desist from such practice.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

        In June 2008, we established the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan that provides for the issuance of restricted stock and options to purchase up to 2,933,200 shares of our authorized but unissued common stock to employees, directors, and consultants. Exercise prices for options may not be less than the fair value at the date of grant. Compensation expense for awards is recorded over the vesting period. Under the 2008 Stock Incentive Plan, there were stock options outstanding to purchase 992,489 shares of our common stock and 49,688 shares of restricted stock as of December 31, 2014.

        During 1997, the Bank established the 1997 Stock Option Plan, which provided for the issuance of up to 6,499,800 shares of the Company's authorized but unissued common stock to managerial employees and directors. Due to the expiration of the plan in May 2007, no additional options may be granted under the 1997 Stock Option Plan. Accordingly, no shares of our common stock remain available for future issuance under the 1997 Stock Option Plan. Nonetheless, there are 32,300 shares of our common stock reserved for issuance to the holders of stock options previously granted and still outstanding under the 1997 Stock Option Plan. The following table summarizes information as of December 31, 2014 relating to the number

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of securities to be issued upon the exercise of the outstanding options under the 1997 Plan and the 2008 Plan and their weighted-average exercise price.

 
  Number of Securities to be
Issued Upon Exercise of
Outstanding Options,
Warrants, and Rights
  Weighted-Average
Exercise Price of
Outstanding
Options,
Warrants, and Rights
  Number of
Securities
Available for
Future
Issuance Under
Equity
Compensation
Plans
 
 
  (a)
  (b)
  (c)
 

Equity Compensation Plans Approved by Security Holders

    1,024,789   $ 6.27     1,419,558  

Equity Compensation Plans Not Approved by Security Holders

             

Total Equity Compensation Plans

    1,024,789   $ 6.27     1,419,558  

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Performance Graph

        The following graph compares the yearly percentage change in cumulative total shareholders' return on our common stock with the cumulative total return of (i) the NASDAQ market index; (ii) all banks and bank holding companies listed on NASDAQ; and (iii) the SNL Western Bank Index, comprised of banks and bank holding companies located in California, Oregon, Washington, Montana, Hawaii, Nevada, and Alaska. Both the SNL $1 Billion - $5 Billion Asset-Size Bank Index and the SNL Western Bank Index were compiled by SNL Securities LP of Charlottesville, Virginia. The graph assumes an initial investment of $100 and reinvestment of dividends. The graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.

GRAPHIC

 
  At December 31,  
 
  2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014  

Wilshire Bancorp Inc. 

  $ 100.00   $ 93.44   $ 44.51   $ 71.98   $ 135.12   $ 128.08  

NASDAQ© Composite

    100.00     118.15     117.22     138.02     193.47     222.16  

SNL© $1B - $5B Bank Index

    100.00     113.35     103.38     127.47     185.36     193.81  

SNL© Western Bank Index

    100.00     113.31     102.37     129.18     181.76     218.14  


Source:
SNL Financial LC, Charlottesville, VA

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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

        The following table presents selected historical financial information as of and for each of the five years ended December 31, 2014. The selected historical financial information is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the notes thereto which appear elsewhere in this Annual Report and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation" in Item 7:

 
  As of and For the Years Ended December 31,  
(Dollars in Thousands)
  2014   2013   2012   2011   2010  

Summary Statement of Income Data:

                               

Interest income

  $ 163,704   $ 123,739   $ 116,957   $ 129,964   $ 156,420  

Interest expense

    18,167     13,409     17,055     22,589     42,704  

Net interest income before (credit) provision for losses on loans and loan commitments

    145,537     110,330     99,902     107,375     113,716  

(Credit) provision for losses on loans and loan commitments

            (34,000 )   59,100     150,800  

Non-interest income

    41,241     34,183     28,249     23,805     35,912  

Non-interest expenses

    97,514     76,856     74,179     68,785     67,376  

Income (loss) before income taxes

    89,264     67,657     87,972     3,295     (68,548 )

Income taxes provision (benefit)

    30,255     22,281     (4,333 )   33,625     (33,790 )

Preferred stock cash dividend, accretion of Preferred Stock, and one-time adjustment from repurchase of Preferred Stock

            1,401     (3,658 )   (3,626 )

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders

    59,009     45,376     93,706     (33,988 )   (38,384 )

Per Common Share Data:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders:

                               

Basic

  $ 0.75   $ 0.63   $ 1.31   $ (0.61 ) $ (1.30 )

Diluted

  $ 0.75   $ 0.63   $ 1.31   $ (0.61 ) $ (1.30 )

Book value per common share

  $ 6.25   $ 5.63   $ 4.80   $ 3.49   $ 5.72  

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Basic

    78,250,901     71,771,116     71,288,484     55,710,377     29,486,351  

Diluted

    78,591,374     72,037,516     71,375,150     55,710,377     29,486,351  

Year-end common shares outstanding

    78,322,462     78,061,307     71,295,144     71,282,518     29,477,638  

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  As of and For the Years Ended December 31,  
(Dollars in Thousands)
  2014   2013   2012   2011   2010  

Summary Statement of Financial Condition Data:

                               

Total loans, net of unearned income1

  $ 3,320,080   $ 2,864,399   $ 2,152,340   $ 1,981,486   $ 2,326,624  

Allowance for loan losses

    48,624     53,563     63,285     102,982     110,953  

Other real estate owned

    7,922     7,600     2,080     8,221     14,983  

Total assets

    4,155,469     3,617,735     2,750,863     2,696,854     2,970,525  

Total deposits

    3,401,259     2,871,510     2,166,809     2,202,309     2,460,940  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances2

    150,000     190,325     150,000     60,000     135,000  

Junior subordinated debentures

    71,779     71,550     61,857     87,321     87,321  

Total shareholders' equity

    489,411     439,418     342,417     309,582     229,162  

Performance ratios:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Return on average total equity3

    12.65 %   12.39 %   30.18 %   –11.46 %   –12.69 %

Return on average common equity4

    12.65 %   12.39 %   30.18 %   –16.66 %   –17.96 %

Return on average assets5

    1.57 %   1.56 %   3.55 %   –1.10 %   –1.04 %

Net interest margin6

    4.20 %   4.07 %   4.07 %   4.15 %   3.66 %

Efficiency ratio7

    52.21 %   53.18 %   57.88 %   52.44 %   45.03 %

Net loans to total deposits at year end

    96.18 %   97.89 %   96.41 %   85.30 %   90.03 %

Common dividend payout ratio

    26.53 %   14.51 %   0.00 %   0.00 %   –3.84 %

Capital ratios:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Average common shareholders' equity to average total assets

    12.40 %   12.63 %   11.76 %   7.39 %   6.39 %

Tier 1 capital to quarter-to-date average total assets

    12.11 %   13.44 %   14.87 %   13.86 %   9.18 %

Tier 1 capital to total risk-weighted assets          

    14.13 %   14.79 %   18.47 %   19.59 %   12.61 %

Total capital to total risk-weighted assets

    15.38 %   16.05 %   19.74 %   20.89 %   14.00 %

Asset quality ratios:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Non-performing loans to total loans8

    1.12 %   1.30 %   1.30 %   2.21 %   3.06 %

Non-performing assets to total loans and other real estate owned9

    1.36 %   1.56 %   1.39 %   2.62 %   3.68 %

Net charge-offs to average total loans

    0.16 %   0.43 %   0.40 %   3.16 %   4.33 %

Allowance for loan losses to gross loans receivable at year end

    1.47 %   1.90 %   3.15 %   5.33 %   4.79 %

Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans

    130.48 %   143.85 %   226.40 %   234.95 %   155.76 %

1
Total loans is the sum of loans receivable and loans held-for-sale and is reported at their outstanding principal balances, net of any unearned income (unamortized deferred fees and costs) and discount on acquired loans

2
At December 31, 2014, our borrowing capacity with Federal Home Loan Bank was $1.18 billion, with $1.03 billion in remaining capacity

3
Net income divided by average total shareholders' equity

4
Net income available to common shareholders, divided by average common shareholders' equity

5
Net income divided by average total assets

6
Represents net interest income as a percentage of average interest-earning assets

7
Represents the ratio of non-interest expense to the sum of net interest income before (credit) provision for losses on loans and loan commitments and total non-interest income

8
Non-performing loans consist of non-accrual loans, loans past due 90 days or more, and restructured loans

9
Non-performing assets consist of non-performing loans (see footnote 8 above), and other real estate owned

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Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

        This discussion presents management's analysis of our results of operations and financial condition as of and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2014. The discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the notes related thereto which appear elsewhere in this Report.

Executive Overview

    Introduction

        We operate a community bank in the general commercial banking business, with our primary market encompassing the multi-ethnic population of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Our full-service offices are located primarily in areas where a majority of the businesses are owned by Korean-speaking immigrants, with many of the remaining businesses owned by Hispanic and other minority groups.

        On October 1, 2013, the Company acquired BankAsiana, headquartered in Palisades Park, New Jersey, and on November 20, 2013 acquired Saehan, headquartered in Los Angeles, California. The acquisitions were accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805 "Business Combinations." We acquired approximately $793.0 million in assets in aggregate which included $550.2 million in loans. In addition, $666.0 million in total deposits were acquired through these transactions. As a result of these acquisitions, the Company was able to add additional branch offices and LPOs to our existing network of branches. We believe that our market coverage complements our multi-ethnic small business focus. We intend to be cautious about our growth strategy in future years regarding opening of additional branches and LPOs. We expect to continue implementing our growth strategy using strategic planning and market analysis, as our needs and resources permit.

        At December 31, 2014, we had approximately $4.16 billion in assets, $3.32 billion in total loans (net of deferred fees and including loans held-for-sale), and $3.40 billion in deposits. We also have expanded and diversified our business geographically by focusing on the continued development of our East Coast market.

2014 Key Performance Indicators

        We believe the following were key indicators of our operations during 2014:

    Our total assets increased to $4.16 billion at the end of 2014, an increase of 14.9%, from $3.62 billion at the end of 2013.

    Our total deposits increased to $3.40 billion at the end of 2014, an increase of 18.4%, from $2.87 billion at the end of 2013.

    Our total loans increased to $3.32 billion at the end of 2014, an increase of 15.9%, from $2.86 billion at the end of 2013.

    Total net interest income before credit for loan losses increased to $145.5 million in 2014, an increase of 31.9%, from $110.3 million in 2013.

    We did not record any provision for losses on loans and loan commitments in 2014 or 2013.

    Total non-interest income increased to $41.2 million in 2014, an increase of 20.6%, from $34.2 million in 2013.

    Total non-interest expense increased to $97.5 million, or 26.9%, in 2014, compared to $76.9 million in 2013. The increase is primarily due to the increase in salaries and benefits and occupancy and equipment expense from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan.

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    Net income available for common shareholders for 2014 increased to $59.0 million, or $0.75 per basic and diluted common share, compared with net income available to common shareholders of $45.4 million, or $0.63 per basic and diluted common share in 2013. The increase was largely due to the increase net income from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan.

Critical Accounting Policies

        The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our financial statements, and has been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

        Various elements of our accounting policies, by their nature, are inherently subject to estimation techniques, valuation assumptions, and other subjective assessments. We have identified several accounting policies that, due to judgments, estimates, and assumptions inherent in those policies are critical to an understanding of our consolidated financial statements. These policies relate to the classification and valuation of investment securities, the valuation of retained interests and servicing assets related to the sales of SBA loans, the methodologies that determine our allowance for losses on loans, the treatment of non-accrual loans, valuation of held-for-sale loans, treatment of acquired loans, valuation of OREO, the evaluation of goodwill and intangible assets, evaluation of FDIC loss-share indemnification impairment, and the accounting for income tax provisions. In each area, we have identified the variables most important in the estimation process. We believe that we have used the best information available to make the necessary estimates to value the related assets and liabilities. Actual performance that differs from our estimates and future changes in key variables could change future valuations and could have an impact on our net income.

Investment Securities

        Our investment policy seeks to provide and maintain liquidity, and to produce favorable returns on investments without incurring unnecessary interest rate or credit risk, while complementing our lending activities. Our investment securities portfolio is subject to interest rate risk. Fluctuations in interest rates may cause actual prepayments to vary from the estimated prepayments over the life of a security. This may result in adjustments to the amortization of premiums or accretion of discounts related to these instruments, consequently changing the net yield on such securities. Reinvestment risk is also associated with the cash flows from such securities. The unrealized gain/loss on such securities may also be adversely impacted by changes in interest rates.

        Under ASC 320-10, investment securities that management has the positive intent and ability to hold-to-maturity are classified as "held-to-maturity" and recorded at amortized cost. Securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term are classified as "trading securities". Securities not classified as held-to-maturity or trading securities are classified as "available-for-sale" and recorded at fair value. Purchase premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the estimated lives of the securities.

        The classification and accounting for investment securities are discussed in detail in Notes 1 and 4 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements presented later in this Report. Under ASC 320-10, investment securities generally must be classified as held-to-maturity, available-for-sale, or trading. The appropriate classification is based partially on our ability to hold the securities to maturity and largely on management's intentions with respect to either holding or selling the securities. The classification of investment securities is significant since it directly impacts the accounting for unrealized gains and losses

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on securities. Unrealized gains and losses on trading securities flow directly through earnings during the periods in which they arise. Investment securities that are classified as held-to-maturity are recorded at amortized cost. Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded as a separate component of shareholders' equity (accumulated other comprehensive income or loss) and do not affect earnings until realized or deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired.

        The Company currently utilizes an independent third party bond accounting service for our investment portfolio accounting. The third party provides fair values derived from a proprietary matrix pricing model which utilizes several different sources for pricing. The fair values for our investment securities are updated on a monthly basis. The values received are tested annually and are validated using prices received from another independent third party source. We also perform an analysis on the broker quotes received from third parties to ensure that the prices represent a reasonable estimate of the fair value. The procedures include, but are not limited to, initial and on-going review of third party pricing methodologies, review of pricing trends, and monitoring of trading volumes. We ensure whether prices received from independent brokers represent a reasonable estimate of fair value through the use of internal and external cash flow models developed based on spreads, and when available, market indices. As a result of this analysis, if we determine there is a more appropriate fair value based upon the available market data, the price received from the third party is adjusted accordingly.

        We are obligated to assess, at each reporting date, whether there is an other-than-temporary impairment to our investment securities. Impairments related to credit issues must be recognized in current earnings rather than in other comprehensive income. The determination of other-than-temporary impairment is a subjective process involving assessment of valuation and changes in such valuations resulting from deteriorating credit worthiness. We examine all individual securities that are in an unrealized loss position at each reporting date for other-than-temporary impairment. Specific investment-related factors we examine to assess impairment include the nature of the investment, severity and duration of the loss, the probability that we will be unable to collect all amounts due, and analysis of the issuers of the securities and whether there has been any cause for default on the securities and any change in the rating of the securities by the various rating agencies. Additionally, we evaluate whether the creditworthiness of the issuer calls the realization of contractual cash flows into question. We reexamine the financial resources, intent, and the overall ability of the Company to hold the securities until their fair values recover. Management does not believe that there are any investment securities, other than those identified in the current and previous periods, which are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired as of December 31, 2014. Investment securities are discussed in more detail in Note 1 and 4 in the footnotes to our consolidated financial statements presented later in this Report.

        As required under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") ASC 320-10-35-18, we consider all available information relevant to the collectability of the security, including information about past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts, when developing the estimate of future cash flows and making other-than-temporary impairment assessment for our portfolio of residual securities. We consider factors such as remaining payment terms of the security, prepayment speeds, and the financial condition of the issuer(s), expected defaults, and the value of any underlying collateral.

        As of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, no investment securities were determined to have any other-than-temporary impairment. The unrealized losses on our government sponsored enterprises ("GSE") bonds, residential collateralized mortgage obligations ("CMOs"), and mortgage-backed securities ("MBS") are attributable to both changes in interest rates and a repricing risk in the market. All GSE bonds, GSE CMO, and GSE MBS securities are backed by U.S. Government Sponsored and Federal Agencies and therefore rated "AAA." We have no exposure to the "Subprime Market" in the form of Asset Backed Securities and Collateralized Debt Obligations that had previously been rated "AAA" but have since been downgraded to below investment grade. We have the intent and ability to hold the securities in an unrealized loss position at December 31, 2014 and 2013, until the fair value recovers or the securities mature.

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        Municipal bonds and corporate bonds are evaluated by reviewing the creditworthiness of the issuer and general market conditions. There were no unrealized losses on our municipal or corporate securities at December 31, 2014. In the event of future unrealized losses on our municipal and corporate securities, we have the intent and ability to hold the securities in an unrealized loss position until the fair value recovers or the securities mature

Small Business Administration Loans

        Certain SBA loans that may be sold prior to maturity have been designated as held-for-sale at origination and are recorded at the lower of cost or fair value, determined on an aggregate basis. A valuation allowance is established if the fair value of such loans is lower than their cost, and operations are charged or credited for valuation adjustments. When we sell a loan, we usually sell the guaranteed portion of the loan and retain the non-guaranteed portion. We receive sales proceeds from: (i) the guaranteed principal of the loan, (ii) the deferred premium for the difference between the book value of the retained portion and the fair value allocated to the retained portion, and (iii) the loan excess servicing fee ("ESF"). At the time of sale, the deferred premium, which is amortized over the remaining life of the loan as an adjustment to yield, is recorded for the difference between the book value and the fair value allocated to the retained portion. The gain from the sale is recognized by taking the difference between the proceeds and the book value allocated to the sold portion in accordance with ASC 860 (Transfers and Servicing).

        We allocate the book value of the related loans among three portions on the basis of their relative fair value: (i) the sold portion, (ii) the retained portion, and (iii) the ESF. We estimate the fair value of each portion based on the following: (x) the amount received from the sale represents the fair value of the sold portion, (y) the fair value of the retained portion is computed by discounting its future cash flows over the estimated life of the loan, and (z) we calculate the fair value of the ESF for the loan from the cash in-flow of the net servicing fee over the estimated life of the loan, discounted at an above average discount rate and a range of constant prepayment rates of the related loans.

        We capitalize the fair value allocated to ESF in intangible servicing assets (the contracted servicing fee less normal servicing costs). The servicing asset is recorded based on the present value of the contractually specified servicing fee, net of servicing cost, over the estimated life of the loan, with an average discount rate and a range of constant prepayment rates of related loans. For purposes of measuring impairment, the servicing assets are stratified by collateral types. Management periodically evaluates the fair value of servicing assets for impairment. A valuation allowance is recorded when the fair value is below the carrying amount and a recovery of the valuation allowance is recorded when its fair value exceeds the carrying amount. Any subsequent increase or decrease in fair value of servicing assets and liabilities is to be included in our current earnings in the consolidated statements of income. An interest-only strip is recorded based on the present value of the excess of future interest income, over the contractually specified servicing fee, calculated using the same assumptions as noted above. Interest-only strips are accounted for at their estimated fair values, with unrealized gains recorded as an adjustment in accumulated other comprehensive income in shareholders' equity. If the estimated fair value is less than its carrying value, the loss is considered as other-than-temporary impairment and it is charged to the current earnings.

Allowance for Loan Losses

        Based on the credit risk inherent in our lending business, we set aside an allowance for losses on loans and for unfunded loan commitments which are established by a periodic provision or credit for loan losses charged to earnings. These charges are not only made for the outstanding loan portfolio, but also for off-balance sheet loan commitments, such as commitments to extend credit or letters of credit. The charges made for the outstanding loan portfolio were credited to the allowance for loan losses, whereas charges related to loan commitments were credited to the reserve for loan commitments, which is presented as a component of other liabilities.

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        The allowance for loan losses is comprised of two components the general valuation allowance ("GVA") and the specific valuation allowance ("SVA"). The GVA allowance is based on loans that are evaluated for losses in pools based on historical experience in addition to qualitative adjustments ("QA"), or estimated losses from factors not captured by historical experience. The SVA portion of the allowance is based on impaired loans that are individually evaluated. Management performs a review of the historical loss rates used in GVA as well as the factors in our QA methodology on a quarterly basis due to the increased significance of GVA when estimating losses in the current economic environment.

        To establish an adequate allowance, we must be able to recognize when loans have become a problem. A risk grade of either pass, watch, special mention, substandard, or doubtful, is assigned to every loan in the loan portfolio, with the exception of homogeneous loans, or loans that are evaluated together in pools of similar loans (i.e., home mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, overdraft loans, express business loans, and automobile loans). The following is a brief description of the loan classifications or risk grades used in our allowance calculation:

    Pass Loans—Loans that are past due less than 30 days that do not exhibit signs of credit deterioration. The financial condition of the borrower is sound as well as the status of any collateral. Loans secured by cash (principal and interest) also fall within this classification.

    Watch Loans—Performing loans with borrowers that have experienced adverse financial trends, higher debt/equity ratio, or weak liquidity positions, but not to the degree that the loan is considered a problem.

    Special Mention—Loans that are currently protected but exhibit an increasing degree of risk based on weakening credit strength and/or repayment sources. Contingent or remedial plans to improve the Bank's risk exposure should be documented.

    Substandard—Loans inadequately protected by the current worth and paying capacity of the borrower or pledged collateral, if any. This grade is assigned when inherent credit weakness is apparent.

    Doubtful—Loans having all the weakness inherent in a "substandard" classification but collection or liquidation is highly questionable with the possibility of loss at some future date.

        We currently use migration analysis as a factor in calculating our allowance for loan losses in addition to a software program used to produce historical loss rates for different loan classes used in our GVA estimations. The Company also utilizes a QA matrix to estimate losses not captured by historical experience. The QA matrix takes into consideration both internal and external factors, and includes forecasted economic environments (unemployment and GDP), problem loan trends (non-accrual, delinquency, and impaired loans), trends in real estate value, and other factors. Although the QA takes into consideration different loan segments and loan classes, the adjustments made are to the loan portfolio as a whole. For impaired loans, or SVA allowance, we evaluate loans on an individual basis to determine impairment in accordance with GAAP. All these components are combined for a final allowance for loan losses figure on a quarterly basis.

        In 2013, management made enhancements to the overall allowance for loan losses calculation methodology to better reflect potential losses in the loan portfolio in the current economic environment. There were three main enhancements to the methodology, a change to the loss horizon used to calculate historical losses from 12 quarter to 16 quarters, setting a minimum historical loss rate for loan pools, and a change to the impairment calculation methods for impaired loans. There were no changes to the allowance methodology in 2014.

Non-Accrual Loan Policy

        Interest on loans is credited to income as earned and is accrued only if deemed collectible. Accrual of interest is discontinued when a loan is 90 days or more delinquent unless management believes the loan is

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adequately collateralized and in the process of collection. Loans that are less than 90 days past due may also be categorized as non-accrual if there is evidence to suggest that a portion or all of the contractual amounts due will not be collected. Generally, payments received on non-accrual loans are recorded as principal reductions. Interest income is recognized after all principal has been repaid or an improvement in the condition of the loan has occurred that would warrant resumption of interest accruals.

Loans Held-For-Sale

        Certain loans that may be sold prior to maturity have been designated as held-for-sale at origination and are recorded at the lower of cost or fair value. A valuation allowance is established if the fair value of such loans is lower than their cost, and is charged against operating income. The premium on the pro-rata principal of Small Business Administration or "SBA" loans sold is recognized as gain on sale of loans. The discount related to the unsold principal of SBA loans is deferred and amortized over the remaining life of the loan as an adjustment to yield.

Acquired Loans

        Acquired loans are recorded at fair value at the time they are acquired and any related allowance is not carried over in the acquisition. These acquired loans were segmented into two groups, loans with evidence of credit quality deterioration, and loan without evidence of credit deterioration. Purchased loans with evidence of credit quality deterioration where the Company estimates that it will not receive all contractual payments are accounted for as purchased credit impaired loans in accordance with ASC 310-30, "Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality" and deemed "ASC 310-30 loans." Acquired loans without evidence of credit deterioration are not accounted for under ASC 310-30 and are referred to as "Non-ASC 310-30 loans." At the time of acquisition, Non-ASC 310-30 loans are aggregated into pools based on similar loan characteristics such as type of loans, variable or fixed, payment type, and other factors. Management periodically reassesses the net realizable value of Non-ASC 310-30 loan pools and records interest income resulting from the accretion of the purchase discount in accordance with ASC 310-20.

Credit Impaired Loans (ASC 310-30 Loans)

        Purchased loans with evidence of credit quality deterioration where the Company estimates that it will not receive all contractual payments are accounted for as purchased credit impaired loans in accordance with ASC 310-30. At the time of acquisition, ASC 310-30 loans are aggregated into pools based on similar loan characteristics such as type of loans, variable or fixed, payment type, and other factors. The estimated cash flows expected for each pool was estimated at the time the loans were acquired. The excess of the cash flows expected to be collected on purchased credit impaired loans, measured as of the acquisition date, over the estimated fair value is referred to as the accretable yield and is recognized in interest income over the remaining life of the loan using a level yield method of accretion. The difference between contractually required payments as of the acquisition date and the cash flows expected to be collected is referred to as the non-accretable difference and is not accreted over time. For acquired loans without signs of credit deterioration, the difference between contractually required payments as of the acquisition date and the fair value is accreted over the remaining life of the loan using a level yield method of accretion.

        The Company estimates expected cash flows to be collected over the life of acquired loans on a recurring basis. If the Company determines that expected cashflows have decreased, the ASC 310-30 loans would be considered further impaired which would result in a provision for loan losses and a corresponding increase in valuation allowance included in the allowance for loan losses. However, if expected cashflows have increased in subsequent evaluations, the Company will reduce any remaining valuation allowance. If a valuation allowance does not exist, the accretable yield will be recalculated to account for the increase in expected cashflows.

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        At the time of acquisition, the fair value of loans acquired from Mirae Bank, BankAsiana, and Saehan totaled $285.7 million, $168.6 million, and $381.7 million, respectively, which represented discounts of $54.7 million, $9.2 million, and $27.7 million, respectively. At December 31, 2014, carrying amount of ASC 310-30 loans related to the acquisitions of Mirae Bank, BankAsiana, and Saehan totaled $441,000, $406,000, and $493,000, respectively.

Valuation of Other Real Estate Owned

        Other real estate owned ("OREO"), which represents real estate acquired through foreclosure, or deed in lieu of foreclosure in satisfaction of commercial and real estate loans, is carried at the estimated fair value less the selling costs of the real estate. The fair value of the property is based upon a current appraisal. The difference between the fair value of the real estate collateral and the loan balance at the time of transfer is recorded as a loan charge-off if fair value is lower than the loan balance. Subsequent to foreclosure, management periodically performs valuations on OREO and the OREO property is carried at the lower of its carrying value or fair value, less cost to sell. The determination of a property's estimated fair value incorporates (i) revenues projected to be realized from disposal of the property, (ii) construction and renovation costs, (iii) marketing and transaction costs, and (iv) holding costs (e.g., property taxes, insurance, and homeowners' association dues). Any subsequent declines in the fair value of the OREO property after the date of transfer are recorded through a write-down of the asset. Any subsequent operating expenses or income, reduction in estimated fair values, and gains or losses on disposition of such properties are charged or credited to current operations.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

        Goodwill and intangible assets arise from the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. We recognized goodwill of approximately $6.7 million in connection with the acquisition of Liberty Bank of New York in 2006, our four original East Coast branches prior to the acquisition of BankAsiana. An additional $60.8 million in goodwill was recognized with our 2013 acquisitions of which $10.8 million was related to BankAsiana, and $50.0 million was related to Saehan. As of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, goodwill totaled $67.5 million. Other intangibles include $1.6 million and $1.3 million, respectively, in core deposits intangibles were recorded as a result of the Liberty Bank and Mirae Bank acquisition. In 2013, $725,000 and $3.8 million in core deposits intangibles were recorded from the acquisitions of BankAsiana, and Saehan, respectively. Unamortized core deposits intangibles at December 31, 2014 totaled $162,000, $440,000, $655,000, and $3.0 million related to the Liberty Bank, Mirae Bank, BankAsiana, and Saehan transactions, respectively.

        The assets acquired and liabilities assumed from BankAsiana and Saehan were accounted for in accordance with ASC 805 "Business Combinations," using the acquisition method of accounting and were recorded at their estimated fair values on the dates of each acquisition. These fair value estimates were considered provisional for a period of up to one year from the dates of the acquisitions. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company finalized its acquisition accounting adjustment for the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan Bancorp. The resulting net adjustments to goodwill was a reduction of $55,000.

        Goodwill and intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives are not amortized but are tested annually for impairment. Intangible assets that have finite useful lives, such as core deposits intangibles and unfavorable lease intangibles, are amortized over their estimated useful lives. An impairment loss is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount exceeds the asset's fair value. The goodwill impairment analysis is a two-step test. The first step, used to identify potential impairment, involves comparing the East Coast branches' estimated fair value to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the estimated fair value exceeds the carrying value, goodwill is considered not to be impaired. If the carrying value exceeds estimated fair value, there is an indication of potential impairment and the second step is performed to measure for actual impairment, if any exists.

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        If required, the second step involves calculating an implied fair value of goodwill. This fair value amount is determined in a manner similar to the way goodwill is calculated in a business combination, by measuring the excess of the estimated fair value of the unit, as determined in the first step, over the aggregate estimated fair values of the individual assets, liabilities and identifiable intangibles as if the unit was being acquired in a business combination. If the implied fair value of goodwill exceeds the carrying value of goodwill, there is no impairment. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of the goodwill, an impairment charge is recorded for the excess and a new basis is established for goodwill. An impairment loss cannot exceed the carrying value of goodwill.

        Under ASU 2011-08, a company is given the choice of assessing qualitative factors to determine whether it is more-likely-than-not, that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. Under ASU 2011-08, an entity is not required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit unless the entity determines that it is more-likely-than-not that its fair value is less than its carrying amount.

        During the fourth quarter of 2014, management assessed the qualitative factors to determine whether it was more-likely-than-not that goodwill was impaired. Based on the analysis of these factors, management determined that it was more-likely-than-not that the fair value of acquired assets exceeded the carrying amount, and therefore concluded that the two-step goodwill impairment test did not need to be performed. The Company will continue to monitor goodwill and assess the qualitative factors that may indicate impairment on annual basis, or more frequently, as needed.

        The Company evaluates the remaining useful lives of its core deposits intangible assets and unfavorable lease intangibles each reporting period, as required by ASC 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other, to determine whether events and circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. If the estimate of an intangible asset's remaining useful life has changed, the remaining carrying amount of the intangible asset is amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life. The Company has not revised its estimates of the useful lives of its core deposits intangibles during the year ended December 31, 2014.

FDIC Indemnification Asset

        With the acquisition of Mirae Bank, the Bank entered into loss sharing agreements with the FDIC for amounts receivable under the agreement. The Company accounted for the receivable balances under the loss sharing agreement as an FDIC indemnification asset in accordance with ASC 805 "Business Combinations". The FDIC indemnification asset was accounted for on the date of the acquisition at fair value by adding the present value of all the cash flows that the Company expected to collect from the FDIC based on expected losses to be incurred on loans acquired from Mirae Bank based on the terms of the loss sharing agreement. As expected and actual cash flows increase and decrease from what was estimated at the time of acquisition, the FDIC indemnification asset and the impact to the allowance for loan losses will decrease and increase, respectively. When loans covered by the FDIC are paid-off, the FDIC indemnification asset is offset with interest income and the corresponding allowance for loan losses is reversed. Former Mirae loans that become impaired with losses in excess of initially estimated, results in an increase in the allowance for loan losses and an increase in the indemnification asset by the covered amount.

        We entered into two loss sharing agreements with the FDIC, one for single family loans and one for non-single family loans. In 2012, the FDIC paid the Company a one-time settlement to terminate the loss-share agreement for single family loans. The terms of the remaining non-single family loss-share agreement states that the FDIC will share in losses on non-single family loans for five years with respect to losses and eight years with respect to loss recoveries. The loss-share agreement with respect to losses expired in June 2014. Recoveries will remain covered under the agreement for an additional three years. In 2014, we recorded an impairment of $597,000 to the FDIC indemnification asset to write-down amounts

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we did not expect to receive from the FDIC. As of December 31, 2014, we did not have an FDIC indemnification asset balance due to the expiration of the loss portion of the agreement.

Income Taxes

        We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statements and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enacted date.

        Generally, income tax expense is the sum of two components: current tax expense and deferred tax expense (benefit). Current tax expense is calculated by applying the current tax rate to taxable income. Deferred tax expense is recorded as deferred tax assets (liabilities) change from year to year. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities represent the tax effects, based on current tax law, of future deductible or taxable amounts attributable to events that have been recognized in our financial statements. Because we traditionally recognize substantially more expenses in our financial statements than we have been allowed to deduct for taxes, we generally have a net deferred tax asset. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more-likely—than-not that a portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

        ASC 740-10-25 provides that a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may be recognized when it is more-likely-than-not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits. A tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is "more-likely-than-not" that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. The Company recognized a decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefit of $12,000 from the prior year tax position, $40,000 from a settlement with a state authority, and $749,000 from the expiration of the statute of limitations in 2014. As of December 31, 2014, the total unrecognized tax benefit that would affect the effective rate if recognized was $826,000. We expect the unrecognized tax benefits to decrease by approximately $1.1 million over the next 12 months due to settlements with state authorities.


Results of Operations

Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin

        Our primary source of revenue is net interest income, which is the difference between interest and fees derived from earning assets and interest paid on liabilities obtained to fund those assets. Our net interest income is affected by changes in the level and mix of interest-earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, referred to as volume changes. Net interest income is also affected by changes in the yields earned on assets and rates paid on liabilities, referred to as rate changes. Interest rates charged on our loans are affected principally by the demand for such loans, the supply of money available for lending purposes, competitive, and other factors. Those factors are, in turn, affected by general economic conditions and other factors beyond our control, such as federal economic policies, the general supply of money in the economy, legislative tax policies, the governmental budgetary matters, and the actions of the Federal Reserve Board.

        In order to conform to the calculation of net interest margin within its peer group, the Company's net interest margin calculation, starting in 2013, excludes allowance for loan losses from earnings assets and average loans, which slightly decreases loan yields and net interest margin as average loans and earning assets balances increase. The calculation for 2012 has been adjusted for comparative purposes.

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        Our average total loans (gross loans including held-for-sale, less deferred fees and costs) were $3.02 billion for 2014, compared to $2.29 billion for 2013, and $2.01 billion for 2012, representing an increase of 32.0% in 2014 and 13.8% in 2013, from each of the prior annual periods. The increase in average loans in 2014 and 2013 was largely due to the loans acquired through the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. Average interest-earning assets were $3.48 billion in 2014, compared with $2.73 billion in 2013, and $2.48 billion in 2012, representing an increase of 27.4% in 2014, and an increase of 10.2% in 2013, from each of the prior annual periods. Our average interest bearing deposits increased 30.0%, to $2.14 billion in 2014, and decreased by 0.6% to $1.65 billion in 2013, compared with $1.66 billion in 2012. Together with other borrowings and junior subordinated debentures (see "Financial Condition-Deposits and Other Sources of Funds" below), average interest bearing liabilities increased 27.5% to $2.37 billion in 2014, and increased 6.4% to $1.86 billion in 2013, compared to $1.75 billion in 2012.

        Our yields on interest-earnings assets were 4.72% in 2014, 4.56% in 2013, and 4.75% in 2012. The increase in yields on interest-earning assets experienced in 2014, compared to 2013, was largely due to the increase in loan yields due to the addition discount accretion income on acquired loans. The decline in yield on interest earning assets in 2013, compared to 2012 was due to the decline in loan yield. Total interest income increased 32.3% in 2014 to $163.7 million, and increased 5.8% in 2013 to $123.7 million, up from $117.0 million in 2012. The increase in 2013 and 2014 was due to the increase in the volume of loans and the addition of discount accretion income from loans acquired from BankAsiana and Saehan. Interest expense increased 35.5% to $18.2 million in 2014, while decreasing 21.4% to $13.4 million in 2013, compared to $17.1 million in 2012. The decline in interest expense for 2013 was attributable to a steady reduction in deposit rates while the increase in 2014 was attributable to the acquisition of BankAsiana and Saehan's deposit portfolio and an increase in time deposits rates.

        Net interest income before credit or provision for loan losses and loan commitments increased from $99.9 million in 2012, to $110.3 million in 2013, and then increased to $145.5 million in 2014. This represents a net interest income increase of 10.4% in 2013, and an increase of 31.9% in 2014, when compared to the previous years' figures. Our net interest spread was 3.78% in 2012, 3.84% in 2013, and 3.96% in 2014. Net interest margin was 4.07% for both 2012 and 2013, and 4.20% for 2014.

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        The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, average balances of assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity, in addition to the major components of net interest income and net interest margin:


Distribution, Yield, and Rate Analysis of Net Income

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  For the Year Ended December 31,  
 
  2014   2013   2012  
 
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Rate/
Yield
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Rate/
Yield
  Average
Balance
  Interest
Income/
Expense
  Average
Rate/
Yield
 

Assets:

                                                       

Earning assets:

                                                       

Total loans1

  $ 3,017,409   $ 155,020     5.14 % $ 2,285,623   $ 115,722     5.06 % $ 2,009,083   $ 109,367     5.44 %

Securities of government sponsored enterprises

    293,401     6,306     2.15 %   258,019     5,203     2.02 %   231,535     4,011     1.73 %

Other investment securities2

    57,260     1,889     4.51 %   68,793     2,220     4.32 %   66,325     2,155     4.49 %

Deposits held in other financial institutions

    17,105     238     1.39 %   3,426     38     1.11 %           0.00 %

Federal funds sold

    94,818     251     0.26 %   115,216     556     0.48 %   170,754     1,424     0.83 %

Total interest-earning assets

    3,479,993     163,704     4.72 %   2,731,077     123,739     4.56 %   2,477,697     116,957     4.75 %

Total non-interest earning assets

    282,407                 170,147                 122,576              

Total assets

  $ 3,762,400               $ 2,901,224               $ 2,600,273              

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Interest bearing liabilities:

                                                       

Money market deposits

  $ 770,316   $ 5,219     0.68 % $ 630,050   $ 3,996     0.63 % $ 621,638   $ 4,768     0.77 %

Super NOW deposits

    32,240     63     0.20 %   27,656     55     0.20 %   26,154     71     0.27 %

Savings deposits

    121,878     1,926     1.58 %   103,102     1,801     1.75 %   100,740     2,371     2.35 %

Time deposits of $100,000 or more

    970,481     6,849     0.71 %   658,483     4,300     0.65 %   611,922     4,968     0.81 %

Other time deposits

    244,144     1,869     0.77 %   225,900     1,816     0.80 %   295,305     2,843     0.96 %

FHLB borrowings and other borrowings

    160,950     522     0.32 %   152,171     244     0.16 %   8,806     16     0.18 %

Junior subordinated debenture

    71,659     1,719     2.40 %   62,971     1,197     1.90 %   83,883     2,018     2.41 %

Total interest bearing liabilities

    2,371,668     18,167     0.77 %   1,860,333     13,409     0.72 %   1,748,448     17,055     0.98 %

Non-interest bearing liabilities:

                                                       

Non-interest bearing deposits

    882,333                 639,957                 510,544              

Other liabilities

    42,001                 34,577                 35,448              

Total non-interest bearing liabilities

    924,334                 674,534                 545,992              

Shareholders' equity

    466,398                 366,357                 305,833              

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

  $ 3,762,400               $ 2,901,224               $ 2,600,273              

Net interest income

        $ 145,537               $ 110,330               $ 99,902        

Net interest spread3

                3.96 %               3.84 %               3.78 %

Net interest margin4

                4.20 %               4.07 %               4.07 %

1
Net loan fees have been included in the calculation of interest income. Net loan fees were approximately $4.4 million, $3.2 million, and $2.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. Loans are net of deferred fees, unearned income, and related direct costs, and include loans placed on non-accrual status and interest income on loans includes discount recognized on acquired loans.

2
Represents tax equivalent yields, non-tax equivalent yields for 2014, 2013, and 2012 were 3.30%, 3.23%, and 3.25%, respectively.

3
Represents the average rate earned on interest-earning assets less the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities.

4
Represents net interest income as a percentage of average interest-earning assets.

        The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the dollar amount of changes in interest earned and paid for interest-earning assets and interest bearing liabilities and the amount of change attributable to changes in average daily balances (volume) or changes in average daily interest rates (rate). All yields were calculated without the consideration of tax effects, if any, and the variances attributable to

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both the volume and rate changes have been allocated to volume and rate changes in proportion to the relationship of the absolute dollar amount of the changes in each:


Rate/Volume Analysis of Net Interest Income

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  For the Year Ended
December 31,
2014 vs. 2013
Increases (Decreases)
Due to Change In
  For the Year Ended
December 31,
2013 vs. 2012
Increases (Decreases)
Due to Change In
 
 
  Volume   Rate   Total   Volume   Rate   Total  

Interest income:

                                     

Total loans

  $ 37,572   $ 1,726   $ 39,298   $ 14,356   $ (8,001 ) $ 6,355  

Securities of government sponsored enterprises

    745     358     1,103     490     701     1,191  

Other Investment securities

    (379 )   48     (331 )   80     (15 )   65  

Deposits held in other institutions

    188     12     200         38     38  

Federal funds sold

    (86 )   (219 )   (305 )   (378 )   (489 )   (867 )

Total interest income

    38,040     1,925     39,965     14,548     (7,766 )   6,782  

Interest expense:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Money market deposits

    936     287     1,223     64     (836 )   (772 )

Super NOW deposits

    9     (1 )   8     4     (20 )   (16 )

Savings deposits

    307     (182 )   125     54     (624 )   (570 )

Time deposit of $100,000 or more

    2,178     371     2,549     357     (1,025 )   (668 )

Other time deposits

    142     (89 )   53     (603 )   (424 )   (1,027 )

FHLB advances and other borrowings

    15     263     278     230     (2 )   228  

Junior subordinated debenture

    180     342     522     (446 )   (375 )   (821 )

Total interest expense

    3,767     991     4,758     (340 )   (3,306 )   (3,646 )

Change in net interest income

  $ 34,273   $ 934   $ 35,207   $ 14,888   $ (4,460 ) $ 10,428  

Provision for Loan Losses and Provision for Loan Commitments

        In anticipation of credit risks inherent in our lending business and the recent ongoing financial crisis, we set aside allowances through charges to earnings. Such charges are made not only for our outstanding loan portfolio, but also for off-balance sheet items, such as commitments to extend credits or letters of credit. The charges made for our outstanding loan portfolio are credited to allowance for loan losses, whereas charges for off-balance sheet items are credited to the reserve for off-balance sheet items, presented as a component of other liabilities.

        We experienced an improvement in our overall credit quality of our loans in 2011 and credit quality has continued to improve through December 31, 2014. During 2014 non-performing loans remained largely unchanged at $33.3 million, an increase of 0.1% from 2013. Criticized and classified loans at December 31, 2014 however, experienced a decline of 40.2% and 23.7%, respectively, from 2013. The slight increase in non-performing loans was largely due to the increase in non-performing loans acquired from the acquisition of BankAsiana and Saehan. As these loans were assumed at fair value, they did not have a significant impact to the provision for loan losses in 2014.

        We did not record any provisions or credit for losses on loans and loan commitments during 2014 or 2013. In 2012 the Company recorded credit for losses on loans and loan commitments of $34.0 million. The continued improvement in credit quality coupled with remaining low loan charge-offs levels, resulting in no required provision for losses on loans for 2013 and 2014. Provision for loan losses related to the growth of

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the loan portfolio was offset by a decline in required reserves for existing loans as a result of the ongoing improvement in overall credit quality.

        Total charge-offs in 2014 totaled $11.5 million, compared to $14.8 million in 2013, and $13.9 million in 2012. We did not have any provision for loss on loan commitments in 2014 or 2013, compared to the recapture of losses on loan commitments of $2.4 million in 2012. The procedures for monitoring the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses, as well as detailed information concerning the allowance calculation, is described in the section entitled "Allowance for Loan Losses and Loan Commitments" below.

Non-interest Income

        Total non-interest income increased to $41.2 million in 2014, and increased to $34.2 million in 2013, from $28.2 million in 2012. Non-interest income was 1.1% of average assets in 2014, 1.2% of average assets in 2013, and 1.1% of average assets in 2012. We currently earn non-interest income from various sources, including deposit fees, gains from the sale of loans and securities, fees derived from servicing loans, and other income streams.

        The following table sets forth the various components of our non-interest income for the periods indicated:


Non-interest Income

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  For the Years Ended December 31,  
 
  2014   2013   2012  
 
  (Amount)   (%)   (Amount)   (%)   (Amount)   (%)  

Net gain on sale of loans

  $ 14,962     36.3 % $ 13,415     39.2 % $ 6,393     22.6 %

Service charges on deposit accounts

    12,693     30.8 %   11,412     33.4 %   12,672     44.9 %

Loan-related servicing fees

    6,092     14.8 %   5,011     14.7 %   5,267     18.6 %

Gain on sale or call of securities

        0.0 %   19     0.1 %   3     0.0 %

Other income

    7,494     18.1 %   4,326     12.6 %   3,914     13.9 %

Total

  $ 41,241     100.0 % $ 34,183     100.0 % $ 28,249     100.0 %

Average assets

  $ 3,762,400         $ 2,901,224         $ 2,600,273        

Non-interest income as a % of average assets

          1.1 %         1.2 %         1.1 %

        Net gain on sale of loans represented the largest source of non-interest income for 2014 and 2013. The increase in net gain on sale of loans in 2014, compared to 2013, was due to the increase in SBA loans sold during the year. The increase in net gain on sale of loans in 2013, compared to 2012, was also due to an increase in SBA loan sales in addition to a reduction in loss on sales of loans and valuation on held-for-sale loans. During 2012, valuation on held-for-sale loans totaled $690,000 and loss on sale of loans totaled $205,000. There were no losses on sale of loans or valuation on held-for-sale loans in 2013 or 2014. In 2014, we sold approximately $144.5 million in SBA loans, compared to $134.3 million in 2013, and $55.2 million in 2012.

        The increase in service charges on deposit accounts in 2014, compared to 2013, was due primarily to an increase in non-sufficient funds ("NSF") charges of $328,000, and a $739,000 increase in analysis charges on demand deposit accounts. The addition of deposit accounts from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan helped to contribute to additional service charge income on deposits accounts in 2014. The decrease in service charges on deposit accounts in 2013, compared to 2012 was due largely to a decrease in non-sufficient funds ("NSF") charges of $1.1 million and a $462,000 decrease in analysis charges on demand deposit accounts.

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        Loan-related servicing fee income consists of trade-financing fees, servicing fees related to mortgage and warehouse loans sold, and servicing fees on SBA loans sold. The increase in loan-related servicing fees in 2014, compared to 2013, was due to the increase in SBA loans sales that the Company services. Loan-related servicing fee income in 2013 was down slightly compared to 2012 due to fluctuations in the loan servicing portfolio.

        There were no gains from the sale or call of securities in 2014. Gains from sales or calls of securities totaled $19,000 in 2013 and $3,000 in 2012. These gains mostly represent gains from the call of investments securities during those periods.

        Other non-interest income represented income from wire fees, insurance fees, other earning assets income, loan referral fees, SBA loan packaging fees, increase in cash surrender value of BOLI, and other miscellaneous income. The increase in other non-interest income from 2013 to 2014 was due to a $1.4 million increase in miscellaneous income, a $627,000 increase in dividend income, and a $400,000 increase in OREO rental income. The increase in other income in 2013, compared to 2012, was due to a $392,000 increase in dividend income during the year.

Non-interest Expense

        Total non-interest expense increased to $97.5 million in 2014 from $76.9 million in 2013, and $74.2 million in 2012. The increase in non-interest expense for 2014, compared to 2013, was largely due the increase in salaries and benefits and occupancy and equipment expense that resulted from a full year impact of the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. The increase in non-interest expense for 2013 compared to 2012 was due to merger-related expenses and an increase in salaries and benefits from the additional employees brought on from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan toward the end of 2013. Non-interest expense as a percentage of average assets was 2.6% in 2014 and 2013, and 2.9% in 2012. The efficiency ratio at December 31, 2014 was 52.21%, improved from 53.18% in 2013, and from 57.88% for 2012.

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        The following table sets forth a summary of non-interest expenses for the periods indicated:


Non-interest Expense

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  For the Years Ended December 31,  
 
  2014   2013   2012  
 
  (Amount)   (%)   (Amount)   (%)   (Amount)   (%)  

Salaries and employee benefits

  $ 49,724     51.0 % $ 40,131     52.2 % $ 34,475     46.5 %

Occupancy and equipment

    13,371     13.7 %   8,851     11.5 %   7,875     10.6 %

Low income housing tax credit investment losses

    4,239     4.3 %   3,838     5.0 %   3,240     4.4 %

Data processing

    3,998     4.1 %   2,801     3.6 %   2,817     3.8 %

Professional fees

    3,270     3.4 %   3,704     4.8 %   4,421     6.0 %

Regulatory assessment fee

    2,239     2.3 %   1,391     1.8 %   2,147     2.9 %

Advertising and promotional

    2,190     2.2 %   2,391     3.1 %   1,742     2.3 %

Amortization of core deposits intangibles

    1,069     1.1 %   383     0.5 %   284     0.4 %

FDIC Indemnification Impairment

    597     0.6 %       0.0 %   7,900     10.6 %

Merger related one-time costs

    3,577     3.7 %   2,797     3.7 %       0.0 %

Other operating expenses

    13,240     13.6 %   10,569     13.8 %   9,278     12.5 %

Total

  $ 97,514     100.0 % $ 76,856     100.0 % $ 74,179     100.0 %

Average assets

  $ 3,762,400         $ 2,901,224         $ 2,600,273        

Non-interest expense as a % of average assets

          2.6 %         2.6 %         2.9 %

        The number of full-time equivalent employees decreased to 525 at the end of 2014, compared to 545 at the end of 2013, and 412 at the end of 2012. The decline in full-time employees reflects the closure of branches in 2014, as part of our acquisition integration plan. The increase in salaries and benefits for 2014, compared to 2013 was due to the full year impact of additional employees from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. The acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan were also responsible for the increase in salaries and benefits for 2013, compared to 2012. Severance and retention bonuses related to the acquisitions were excluded from salaries and benefits and included in merger related one-time costs. Assets per employee stood at $7.9 million for 2014, $6.6 million for 2013, and $6.7 million for 2012.

        The increase in occupancy and equipment expenses in 2014, compared to 2013, was primarily due to the lease contracts acquired from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. The Company acquired 13 branch offices with the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan in 2013. During 2014, three Saehan branches were closed as part of the acquisition consolidation plan. The acquisitions were also responsible for the increase in occupancy and equipment expenses from 2012 to 2013, although to a lesser degree, as the acquisitions took place towards the end of the 2013. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company opened a new branch office in Houston, Texas which also contributed to the increase in occupancy and equipment expenses for 2014, compared to 2013.

        Low income housing tax credit investment losses are recorded based on financial statements of the individual investment projects. The Company received updated financial information on most of its affordable housing partnerships investment, which resulted in an annual increase for the years ending December 31, 2014 and 2013, compared to the previous year. Low income housing tax credit investment losses are offset by tax credit related to the investment in affordable housing partnerships.

        The increase in data processing expenses for 2014, compared to 2013, was due to the increase in number of loan and deposit accounts acquired from BankAsiana and Saehan. Fluctuations in data

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processing expenses are due to changes in the number customer accounts as well as increases or decreases in the number of transactions for these accounts. Data processing expense remained relatively unchanged in 2013 compared to the previous year.

        Professional fees consist of legal, accounting, auditing, and consulting fees. The decrease in professional fees for 2014, compared to 2013, was primarily due to a reduction in legal and consulting costs. Professional fees were higher in 2013 due to legal and other consulting costs associated with the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. With the completion of the acquisitions during the fourth quarter of 2013, the Company subsequently experienced a reduction in professional fees. Professional fees in 2013 declined from 2012 due to a reduction in legal and auditing fees related to problem credits.

        Regulatory assessment fees represent FDIC insurance premiums and Financing Corporation assessment fees. The increase in regulatory assessment fees for 2014, compared to 2013 was primarily due to the Bank's larger assessment base as a result of the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan Bancorp. The decrease in regulatory assessment fees in 2013 compared to 2012, was largely due to the Bank's improved regulatory risk rating as the Bank's memorandum of understanding with regulators was terminated in May 2012.

        Advertising and promotional expenses represent marketing activities such as media advertisements, promotional gifts for customers, and deposit campaign promotions. Advertising and promotional expenses decreased in 2014 compared to 2013 due to a reduction in the advertising budget for 2014. Advertising and promotional expenses for 2013 increased compared to 2012 due to an increase in advertising related to new branches and customer from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan.

        Amortization of core deposits intangibles represents the amortization of core deposits intangible premiums that were recorded from the acquisitions of Liberty Bank, Mirae Bank, BankAsiana, and Saehan. The increase in amortization of intangibles expenses from 2012, to 2013, and then to 2014, was largely due to the additional amortization expense that arose from the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan during the fourth quarter of 2013.

        The Bank previously entered into loss sharing agreements with the FDIC, under which the FDIC shared in the losses and recoveries on covered assets acquired from Mirae Bank. The Company accounted for the receivable balances under the loss sharing agreements as an FDIC loss-share indemnification asset in accordance with ASC 805 (Business Combinations). In June 2014, the loss sharing agreement with the FDIC with respects to losses on loans acquired from Mirae Bank expired. Losses on loans acquired from Mirae Bank after June 2014 are no longer covered under the agreements. During the second quarter of 2014, the Company recorded an impairment on the remaining balance of the FDIC indemnification assets, less balances receivable. Subsequently, the Company no longer carries an FDIC indemnification asset balance. There were no impairment charges during 2013. The FDIC indemnification impairment of $7.9 million in 2012 reflected overall improved credit quality in the Mirae loan portfolio and a reduction in total reimbursements on losses from the FDIC.

        Merger related costs represent one-time expenses associated with the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. The bulk of the merger related costs for 2014 was from Saehan's data processing system de-conversion and contract termination expenses which totaled $2.8 million. In addition, there were retention and severance payments to former BankAsiana and Saehan employees totaling $627,000 that were also included in the merger related costs for 2014. Total merger related one-time costs in 2013 totaled $2.8 million, which mainly consisted of outside consulting and legal costs of $1.7 million, severance and retention bonuses totaling $640,000, data processing contract termination fees of $247,000, and other expenses related to the acquisitions.

        Other operating expenses include expenditure such as office supplies, communications, outsourced services for customers, director's fees, investor relation expenses, amortization of intangible assets, expenses related to the maintenance and sale of OREO, other loan expenses, and other operating

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expenses. The increase in other non-interest expense for 2014, compared to 2013 was largely due to an increase in OREO related expenses of $862,000 and an increase in other miscellaneous operating losses of $300,000. The increase in OREO related expense in 2014, compared to the previous year was due to an increase of $432,000 in expenses related to the management and sale of OREO and an increase of $429,000 related to OREO provisions. The increase in operating expenses in 2013 compared to 2012 was due to an increase in BOLI tax reimbursements expenses of $620,000 and an increase in loss on sale of OREO of $620,000.

Provision for Income Taxes

        For the year ended December 31, 2014, we had an income tax expense of $30.3 million on pretax net income of $89.3 million, representing an effective tax rate of 33.9%, compared with tax expense of $22.3 million on pretax net income of $67.7 million, representing an effective tax rate of 32.9% for 2013, and tax benefit of $4.3 million on pretax net income of $88.0 million, representing an effective tax rate of –4.9% for 2012. The effective tax rate increased in 2014 compared to 2013 primarily due to the repeal of the California net interest deduction starting January 1, 2014.

        Generally, income tax expense is the sum of two components: current tax expense (benefit) and deferred tax expense (benefit). Current tax expense is calculated by applying the current tax rate to taxable income. Deferred tax expense is recorded as deferred tax assets (liabilities) change from year to year. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities represent the tax effects, based on current tax law, of future deductible or taxable amounts attributable to events that have been recognized in our financial statements. Because we traditionally recognize substantially more expenses in our financial statements than we have been allowed to deduct for taxes, we generally have a net deferred tax asset. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more-likely-than-not that a portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

        In assessing the future realization of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more-likely-than-not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization is dependent upon the generation of sufficient future taxable income during the periods temporary differences become deductible. The Company did not have a valuation allowance on its deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012. As of December 31, 2014, the Company had a net deferred tax assets of $22.3 million, compared to $39.7 million as of December 31, 2013 and $20.9 million as of December 31, 2012.

        In 2012, management performed a critical evaluation of all positive and negative evidence supporting a reversal of the valuation allowance that was recorded in 2011 against the entire net deferred tax asset. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that available positive evidence outweighed the negative evidence and deferred tax assets were more-likely-than-not to be realized, thus maintaining a valuation allowance was no longer required. Management reversed the $41.3 million deferred tax asset valuation allowance during the year 2012, which included a $27.3 million reversal from the federal deferred tax assets valuation allowance and a $14.0 million reversal from the state deferred tax assets valuation allowance.

        In accordance with ASC 740-10, "Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes," the Company recognized a decrease in the liability for unrecognized tax benefit of $12,000 from prior year tax positions, $40,000 from a settlement with a state tax authority, and $749,000 from the expiration of the statute of limitations for assessment of taxes in 2014. As of December 31, 2014, the total unrecognized tax benefit that would affect the effective rate if recognized was $826,000. We expect the unrecognized tax benefits to decrease by approximately $1.1 million over the next 12 months due to settlements with state tax authorities.

        As of December 31, 2014, the total accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions was $287,000. Other than the accrued interest of $38,000 related to uncertain tax positions from an acquired entity in

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2013, we accounted for interest related to uncertain tax positions as part of our provision for federal and state income taxes.

        The Company files United States federal and state income tax returns in jurisdictions with varying statues of limitations. The 2011 through 2013 tax years remain subject to examination by federal tax authorities, and 2010 through 2013 tax years remain subject to examination by state tax authorities. The Company is currently under examination by the IRS for the 2011 and 2012 tax years. The California Franchise Tax Board recently completed their examination for our 2009 and 2010 tax years. BankAsiana's tax returns for years 2011, 2012, and 2013 are under examination by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance. The Company believes that we have adequately provided or paid income tax amounts for issues not yet resolved with federal and state tax authorities. Based upon consideration of all relevant facts and circumstances, the Company does not expect that federal and state tax examination results will have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statement as of December 31, 2014.


Financial Condition

        On October 1, 2013 we acquired BankAsiana, headquartered in Palisades Park, New Jersey, and then on November 20, 2013, we acquired Saehan, headquartered in Los Angeles, California. These acquisitions were accounted for in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company finalized its acquisition accounting adjustment for the acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan. A summary of the major assets acquired and liabilities assumed with final fair value adjustments is provided in the table below:

 
  BankAsiana as of October 1, 2013   Saehan as of November 20, 2013  
(Dollars In Thousands)
  Carrying
Balances
  Fair Value
Adjustments
  Adjusted
Balances
  Carrying
Balances
  Fair Value
Adjustments
  Adjusted
Balances
 

Assets Acquired:

                                     

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 16,124   $   $ 16,124   $ 109,776   $   $ 109,776  

Deposits held in other financial institutions

    865         865     29,016         29,016  

Securities available for sale

    9,560     14     9,574     38,124         38,124  

Loans receivables

    176,626     (8,050 )   168,576     407,582     (25,919 )   381,663  

Allowance for loan losses

    (3,577 )   3,577         (12,460 )   12,460      

Bank premises and equipment

    984         984     1,683         1,683  

Other real estate owned

                5,439         5,439  

Deferred income taxes

    1,275     2,783     4,058         10,648     10,648  

Servicing assets

    815     363     1,178     1,980     812     2,792  

Core deposits intangibles

        725     725         3,845     3,845  

Other assets

    1,831     (54 )   1,777     6,938     (776 )   6,162  

Total assets acquired

  $ 204,503   $ (642 ) $ 203,861   $ 588,078   $ 1,070   $ 589,148  

Liabilities Assumed:

                                     

Deposits

  $ 161,871   $ 612   $ 162,483   $ 502,774   $ 645   $ 503,419  

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

    10,000     357     10,357              

Junior subordinated debentures

                20,619     (10,945 )   9,674  

Other liabilities

    4,193     (114 )   4,079     7,449     383     7,832  

Preferred stock

    5,250         5,250              

Total liabilities assumed

  $ 181,314   $ 855   $ 182,169   $ 530,842   $ (9,917 ) $ 520,925  

Total Identifiable net assets

  $ 23,189   $ (1,497 ) $ 21,692   $ 57,236   $ 10,987   $ 68,223  

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        The acquisitions of BankAsiana and Saehan and the fair value adjustments are discussed in more detail in Note 2 of our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Investment Portfolio

        Investments are one of our major sources of interest income and are acquired in accordance with a comprehensively written investment policy addressing strategies, categories, and levels of allowable investments. This investment policy is reviewed at least annually by the Board of Directors. Management of our investment portfolio is set in accordance with strategies developed and overseen by our Asset/Liability Committee. Investment balances, including cash equivalents and interest bearing deposits in other financial institutions, are subject to change over time based on our asset/liability funding needs and interest rate risk management objectives. Our liquidity levels take into consideration anticipated future cash flows and all available sources of credits and is maintained at a level management believes is appropriate for future flexibility in meeting anticipated funding needs.

    Cash Equivalents and Interest bearing Deposits in other Financial Institutions

        We sell federal funds, purchase securities under agreements to resell and high-quality money market instruments, and invest in interest bearing accounts in other financial institutions to help meet liquidity requirements and provide temporary holdings until the funds can be otherwise deployed or invested. As of December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012, we had $254,000, $46.6 million, and $55.0 million, respectively, in overnight and term federal funds sold. In addition to federal funds sold, we had $8.0 million in deposits held in other financial institutions at December 31, 2014, consisting of time deposits held in at other banks. Deposits held in other financial institutions at December 31, 2013 totaled $21.0 million. There were no time deposits held in other financial institutions at December 31, 2012.

    Investment Securities

        Management of our investment securities portfolio focuses on providing an adequate level of liquidity and establishing a balanced interest rate-sensitive position, while earning an adequate level of investment income without taking undue risks. As of December 31, 2014, our investment portfolio was primarily comprised of United States government agency securities, accounting for 89.3% of the entire investment portfolio. Our U.S. government agency securities holdings are all "prime/conforming" residential MBS and residential CMOs guaranteed by FNMA, FHLMC, or GNMA. GNMAs are considered equivalent to U.S. Treasury securities, as they are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. Currently, there are no subprime mortgages in our investment portfolio. Besides the U.S. government agency securities, we also have a 4.0% investment in corporate bonds and 6.7% in municipal bonds. Among the 10.7% of our investment portfolio that was not comprised of U.S. government securities, 53.1%, or $22.1 million, carry the top two highest "Investment Grade" rating of "Aaa/AAA" or "Aa/AA", while 45.1%, or $18.8 million, carry an upper-medium "Investment Grade" rating of at least "A/A", and 1.8%, or $726,000, is unrated. Our investment portfolio does not contain any government sponsored enterprises, or GSE, preferred securities or any distressed corporate securities that had required other-than-temporary-impairment charges as of December 31, 2014. In accordance with ASC 320-10-65-1, "Recognition and Presentation of Other-Than-Temporary Impairments", an other-than-temporary impairment ("OTTI") is recognized if the fair value of a debt security is lower than the amortized cost and if the debt security will be sold, it is more-likely-than-not that it will be required to sell the security before recovering the amortized cost or it is expected that not all of the amortized cost will be recovered. Credit related declines in the fair value of debt securities below their amortized cost that are deemed to be other-than-temporary are reflected in earnings as realized losses in the consolidated statements of income. Declines related to factors aside from credit issues are reflected in other comprehensive income, net of taxes.

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        We classify our investment securities as "held-to-maturity" or "available-for-sale" pursuant to ASC 320-10. We adopted ASC 820-10 and ASC 470-20 effective January 1, 2008, and ASC 820-10-35 effective October 10, 2008. Pursuant to the fair value election option of ASC 470-20, we have chosen to continue classifying our existing instruments of investment securities as "held-to-maturity" or "available-for-sale" under ASC 320-10. Investment securities that we intend to hold until maturity are classified as held-to-maturity securities, and all other investment securities are classified as available-for-sale. The carrying values of available-for-sale investment securities are adjusted for unrealized gains and losses, and any gain or loss is reported on an after-tax basis as a component of other comprehensive income. Credit related declines in the fair value of held-to-maturity and available-for-sale securities below their cost that are deemed to be other-than-temporary are reflected in earnings as realized losses. There were no securities with other-than-temporary impairments as of December 31, 2014. The fair values of our held-to-maturity and available-for-sale securities were $28,000 and $388.4 million, respectively as of December 31, 2014.

        The following table summarizes the amortized cost and fair value and distribution of our investment securities as of the dates indicated:


Investment Securities Portfolio

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  For the Years Ended December 31,  
 
  2014   2013   2012  
 
  Amortized
Cost
  Fair
Value
  Amortized
Cost
  Fair
Value
  Amortized
Cost
  Fair
Value
 

Held-to-Maturity:

                                     

Collateralized mortgage obligations (residential)

  $ 26   $ 28   $ 35   $ 37   $ 50   $ 54  

Total investment securities held-to-maturity

  $ 26   $ 28   $ 35   $ 37   $ 50   $ 54  

Available-for-Sale:

                                     

Securities of government sponsored enterprises

  $ 100,792   $ 100,362   $ 63,843   $ 60,789   $ 28,000   $ 27,919  

Mortgage-backed securities (residential)

    82,454     83,367     93,402     90,869     59,697     60,427  

Collateralized mortgage obligations (residential)

    161,584     163,079     135,154     135,653     168,819     172,532  

Corporate securities

    14,994     15,514     38,442     39,530     39,015     40,370  

Municipal bonds

    23,966     26,045     24,700     25,596     28,612     31,256  

Total investment securities available-for-sale

  $ 383,790   $ 388,367   $ 355,541   $ 352,437   $ 324,143   $ 332,504  

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        The following table summarizes the maturity and repricing schedule of our investment securities at their carrying values at December 31, 2014:


Investment Maturities and Repricing Schedule

(Dollars in Thousands)

 
  Within One
Year
  After One &
Within Five Years
  After Five &
Within Ten Years
  After Ten
Years
  Total  

Held-to-Maturity:

                               

Collateralized mortgage obligations (residential)

  $   $ 26   $   $   $ 26  

Total investment securities held-to-maturity

  $   $ 26   $   $   $ 26  

Available-for-Sale:

                               

Securities of government sponsored enterprises

  $ 1,000   $ 21,896   $ 77,466   $   $ 100,362  

Mortgage-backed securities (residential)

    5,630     1,681     1,493     74,563     83,367  

Collateralized mortgage obligations (residential)

    12,329     150,750             163,079  

Corporate securities

    7,968     7,546             15,514