10-K 1 dts-20151231x10k.htm 10-K 10-K

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015

OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                to
Commission File Number 000-50335
_________________________________________________


DTS, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
77-0467655
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
5220 Las Virgenes Road
Calabasas, California 91302
(Address, including zip code, of Registrant's principal executive offices)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (818) 436-1000
_________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value
 
Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
_________________________________________________

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o    No ý

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o    No ý

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ý

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer ý
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 (Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, as of June 30, 2015 was approximately $390,765,542 (based upon the closing price of shares of the registrant's Common Stock as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market for that date). Shares of Common Stock held by each officer and director have been excluded as such persons may be deemed affiliates. The determination of "affiliate" status for purposes of this report on Form 10-K shall not be deemed a determination as to whether an individual is an "affiliate" of the registrant for any other purposes.

As of February 29, 2016, 17,486,826 shares of common stock were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A in connection with the registrant's 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed subsequent to the date hereof within 120 days of the registrant's fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report, to the extent not set forth herein.



DTS, INC.
FORM 10-K
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015
INDEX


 
 
Page



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
        This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including, but not limited to, the section titled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations") and the documents incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Exchange Act"). Words such as "believes," "anticipates," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "projections," "may," "can," "will," "should," "potential," "plans," "continues" and similar expressions are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements in this report. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding our future financial performance or position, future economic conditions, our business strategy, plans or expectations, our future effective tax rates, and our objectives for future operations, including relating to our products and services. Although forward-looking statements in this report reflect our good faith judgment, such statements are based on facts and factors currently known by us. We caution readers that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results and outcomes may be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, without limitation, those discussed under the "Risk Factors" section contained in Part I, Item 1A below in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to revise or update these forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances, unless otherwise required by law.


PART I

References to "we," "us" and "our" refer to DTS, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including, except as otherwise stated, iBiquity Digital Corporation ("iBiquity") and its subsidiaries, which we acquired on October 1, 2015. Unless otherwise stated, the financial results for 2015 include iBiquity from the date of acquisition through December 31, 2015.


Item 1. Business
COMPANY OVERVIEW
We are a premier audio technology solutions provider for high‑definition entertainment experiences. Our mission is to make the world sound better — anytime, anywhere, on any device. Our audio solutions are designed to enable recording, delivery and playback of simple, personalized, and immersive high‑definition audio and are incorporated by hundreds of licensee customers around the world into an array of consumer electronics devices, including televisions (TVs), personal computers (PCs), smartphones, tablets, automotive audio systems, digital media players (DMPs), set‑top‑boxes (STBs), soundbars, wireless speakers, video game consoles, Blu‑ray Disc players, audio/video receivers (AVRs), DVD‑based products, and home theater systems.
Sound, long known to be a powerful driver of people’s emotional connection to content such as movies, music and games, is emerging as an important product differentiator for a rapidly growing range of consumer electronics devices — especially mobile, small-screen devices — as consumers are using these devices to watch and listen to more entertainment than ever before. After years of focus on video quality and usability features, industry professionals and consumers alike are realizing that sound is the next frontier in the technical advancement of the high‑definition entertainment experience. Simply put, sound changes the way we see.
We believe that we have industry leading end‑to‑end audio solutions designed to enhance the entertainment experience for users of consumer electronics devices, particularly those subject to the physical limitations of smaller speakers, such as TVs, PCs and mobile devices. Additionally, we provide products and services to motion picture studios, radio and TV broadcasters, game developers and other content creators to facilitate the inclusion of compelling, realistic DTS‑encoded audio within their content.
We are dedicated to making the world sound better, one device at a time, because sound matters. Our goal is to be an essential ingredient in engaging, dynamic and realistic entertainment experiences by incorporating our technology into every connected device that plays or delivers high‑definition entertainment.

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As a premier audio solutions provider to the entertainment industry, our history of innovation has spanned more than 20 years across multiple markets, with the total available market size increasing over time:
In the Cinema. We were founded in 1990 and received a key strategic investment in 1993 from a variety of investors, including Universal City Studios, Inc. The first DTS audio soundtrack was created for the release of Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park in 1993. From this initial release, we established a technical and marketing platform for the development of entertainment technology solutions for the motion picture, home theater, and other consumer markets.
In Home Theaters. In 1996, we launched our technology licensing business, in which we license our technology to consumer electronics manufacturers.
On Blu‑ray. We believe the significant growth of our technology licensing business and our position as the quality leader in home theater products led to us attaining a mandatory position in the Blu‑ray standard in 2004, which in turn led us to exit our cinema business in 2008. We believe our mandatory position in the Blu‑ray standard remains important for our business, as it firmly establishes us as a premier audio solutions provider for high‑definition entertainment on optical disc based media.
On Network Connected Devices. Cloud‑based entertainment delivery has grown very rapidly. As content providers and consumer electronics manufacturers seek to deliver a premium audio experience for digital entertainment, we believe this category will drive the majority of our growth for many years to come. Over the past few years, we have significantly broadened our market reach with new customers in the network‑connected markets, as the trend toward network‑connected devices and commercial digital download and streaming of content continues to gain momentum. We are partnering with a growing number of cloud‑based content providers to supply consumers with clear, compelling high‑definition sound, despite the bandwidth limitations of online and cellular networks and the physical limitations of devices with smaller speakers.
Acquisition of iBiquity
On October 1, 2015, we acquired iBiquity Digital Corporation (“iBiquity”), extending DTS’ mission to deliver high quality immersive and compelling entertainment experiences. iBiquity is the exclusive developer and licensor of HD RadioTM technology, the only FCC-approved method for upgrading AM/FM broadcasting from analog to digital. iBiquity’s partners include leading automakers, consumer electronics and broadcast equipment manufacturers, radio broadcasters, semiconductor and electronic component manufacturers and retailers. We believe that the solutions acquired from iBiquity will complement

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our existing suite of high definition audio technologies and will enable us to strengthen our position in the large automotive market.
To date, DTS has entered into licensing agreements with substantially all of the world’s major consumer electronics manufacturers. We also license our technology to substantially all relevant integrated circuit (IC) manufacturers. As a result, our technology, trademarks, copyrights and know‑how have been incorporated into billions of consumer electronics products worldwide.
INDUSTRY BACKGROUND
Over the past 20 years, the entertainment industry has evolved to take advantage of many technical trends and innovations, including the transition from analog to digital content, growth in broadband speed and subscriber base, an increase in the types of devices supporting content playback, and the transition from physical media to network delivery via streaming and downloading. The mobilization of content consumption allows for entertainment on the go — anytime, anywhere, on any device.
Shift to Network and Cloud‑Based Content
Movie, music and other content was historically purchased and consumed primarily via optical disc based media, such as Blu‑ray Disc, DVD, and CD. Beginning in 2004, as consumers’ demand for high‑definition entertainment grew, Blu‑ray emerged as the newest form of optical disc based media. Given our mandatory position in this standard, Blu‑ray Disc players, including stand‑alone players and game consoles, continue to contribute meaningfully to our revenues.
With the growth of PC and mobile usage over the last decade, the shift to network and cloud‑based content acquisition continues to occur, including the trend toward complete movie and music downloading and streaming services. Furthermore, in this age of convenience, devices are becoming thinner, smaller and more portable than previous models, but as a result, sound quality is commonly sacrificed due to physical limitations. While the smaller, sleeker forms of these devices meet the demand for style or portability, consumers understand that sound matters, and are increasingly demanding a higher quality audio experience from these sophisticated devices. According to the 2014 “State of Play” report by CSR (the “CSR Report”), a resounding 82% of consumers describe sound quality as critical when selecting a product, and 70% of consumers are prepared to pay more for better sound quality. Additionally, according to a 2015 High Resolution Audio Study by the Consumer Electronics Association, 40% of consumers say they are specifically familiar with high resolution audio, showing that the market is increasingly becoming more aware and learning about advanced audio technologies.
In addition, consumer demand for multi‑screen playback of content is increasing. As the network connected space continues to expand, consumers now more than ever expect to purchase content once and be able to enjoy such content on all of their devices.
We are recognized as a premier audio solutions provider for high‑definition entertainment, and as cloud‑based service providers look to expand and differentiate their media offerings to multi‑screen platforms, such as tablets and smartphones, we are in the unique position to help them deliver high‑quality content and new entertainment experiences to consumers across multiple devices.
Wireless Audio Playback
As a result of increased connectivity, portability, and the growing popularity of streaming music services, wireless speakers and multi‑room audio products are experiencing rapid growth and are forecasted to continue to grow for years to come. Wireless audio devices use common wireless audio networking technologies, such as those available under the trademarks Bluetooth, Wi‑Fi, Airplay and DLNA, for the wireless streaming of music from audio enabled devices to wireless output systems. In particular, Wi-Fi enables wireless transmissions that can now match the sound quality of direct wire connections, wireless speakers are gaining popularity with consumers. According to the CSR Report, 68% of respondents would like to see speakers in every room of their home, and two thirds of respondents said it would frustrate them if they could not easily link up their smartphone, PC or TV to their home audio system or speakers.

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Object‑Based Audio
The industry is in the early stages of shifting away from purely channel‑based audio (stereo, 5.1, 7.1, etc.) to object‑based audio, also referred to as “3D audio” or “immersive audio.” Development of object‑based audio begins at the time of creation of an audio mix where the artist no longer specifies what mix of sounds comes from each speaker, but tells the system where, in space, certain sounds, or "audio objects" should come from in three dimensional space, regardless of speaker positions. When the object‑audio is played back, it is rendered in space adapted to the speakers available in the playback environment resulting in a more accurate and consistent spatial representation. Object‑based audio is typically used in conjunction with a channel‑based audio layer to produce truly immersive entertainment experiences.
In addition to the spatial benefits, object based audio provides the ability for each individual audio element to be selected and adjusted by the consumer. This provides a new era of personalization and localization previously unavailable in channel-based audio formats.
We believe this area provides a tremendous opportunity to sustain and extend our codec licensing business, while providing opportunities for new business as our solutions in this space offer a true next‑generation, immersive audio experience.
In summary, the proliferation of connected devices, cloud‑based content, wireless audio, and the trend towards next‑generation audio creates significant opportunities for the deployment of our solutions to deliver high‑definition entertainment.
DTS VALUE DRIVERS
To achieve our goal of making the world sound better, our business focus is on several key value drivers, which include:
Developing and bringing to market a strong pipeline of innovative audio technology solutions
Driving the proliferation of DTS-encoded content
Actively participating in standards relevant to the audio industry
Investing in and broadening the IC footprint that supports the inclusion of our technologies
Elevating the DTS brand among consumers
Innovative Audio Technology Solutions
End‑to‑End Audio Solutions
At DTS, we combine various technologies and capabilities into what we call “solutions,” each designed to address the needs of a particular product, market, or consumer use case and tuned for optimum performance by our technical teams. Our portfolio of advanced audio solutions addresses a broad spectrum of product applications within the markets that we have targeted. Our solutions typically combine several technologies, frequently including both codec and audio processing capabilities, to deliver a comprehensive, easy to deploy package for the enhancement of a product’s audio performance. Through the combination of leading edge audio codecs and an unsurpassed portfolio of audio processing technologies, coupled with our device tuning “know how,” we are uniquely positioned to fulfill our vision of making the world sound better.
We have a complete range of end‑to‑end audio solutions — from ingest, through distribution and onto playback — and we continue to expand our offerings through ongoing research and development, targeted acquisitions, and strategic partnerships with IC and consumer electronics manufacturers, content creators and providers, and others within the digital media ecosystem.


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Our solution offerings are tailored specifically for each market. Examples of the range of technologies available for major markets include:

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DTS‑HD® is our core surround sound audio decoder offering high quality audio output for disc and for streaming cloud-based content.
 
 
DTS‑HD® Master Audio is our advanced surround sound decoder that utilizes variable bit‑rate technology to deliver ultimate audio quality while conserving file size and bandwidth, allowing for an uncompromised audio experience.
 
 
DTS Sound™ is a tailored, entry level suite of components from both our spatial processing and loudness and dynamics portfolio of technologies that provides a value audio enhancement offering.
 
 
DTS Studio Sound™ is our premium audio processing offering that includes a number of our latest sound processing features. Our customers can use this suite to create the ultimate in sound quality.
 
 
DTS‑HD® Premium Sound couples our DTS Sound or DTS Studio Sound offerings with our DTS‑HD surround sound decoder to provide best in class solutions.
 
 
DTS TruSurround® is an audio processing technology delivering surround sound over multi‑channel configurations, offering rich bass, dialog clarity and high frequency definition.
 
 
DTS Neural Surround™ offers seamless conversion between stereo and surround sound audio, enabling stereo and surround audio to be presented in a consistent, rich surround environment.
 
 
DTS Headphone:X® includes our integrated surround headphone technology and DTS‑HD surround sound decoder, coupled with user‑driven, headphone specific tuning and personalization features for output over headphones and earbuds.
 
 
DTS Play‑Fi® allows the synchronized streaming of music directly from a mobile device or PC over a standard Wi‑Fi network to anywhere the Wi-Fi reaches. Play‑Fi is currently available for mobile devices that use the Android, Kindle Fire or iOS operating systems, as well as the Windows PC platform.
 
 
DTS:X™ is our state of the art object‑based audio format designed for bringing enhanced realism through more accurate spatial rendering, height audio elements, and customizations that adapt to any speaker layout.
 
 
HD RadioTM technology converts AM/FM radio from analog to digital, creating significant benefits to all participants in the radio broadcasting ecosystem. Radio listeners enjoy upgraded audio quality, expanded content choices and new digital services.

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DTS Headphone:X Immersive Audio Anywhere
The rapid growth of smartphones, tablets, PCs and gaming devices for entertainment consumption led to subsequent growth in headphones and earbuds. We believe the introduction of DTS Headphone:X audio processing technology in 2013 raised the bar for immersive, realistic, high-definition audio, allowing listeners to turn an ordinary pair of headphones or earbuds into a personal surround sound system.
For the listener who wants the best quality audio for mobile, television and media systems, we believe this technology provides an unmatched, immersive listening experience, custom-tuned for the individual.
DTS Headphone:X technology features our world-class codec and unique post-processing along with a wide array of customization options. These include ultra-realistic room virtualizations, a comprehensive headphone library and user personalization.
Everyone's hearing experience is unique. Aside from sensitivity to different tones, pitches and intensity levels of sounds, the physical differences in the size and shape of people's heads and ears also affects how sounds are perceived. With our Headphone:X technology, sound is heard from above, beside and in front of the listener — through headphones. Listening through headphones also normally results in experiencing sound as if it’s “inside” our head. DTS Headphone:X technology virtualizes and externalizes audio, creating a more natural, listening experience.
In addition to solving the problem of delivering an enhanced audio experience over any type of headphones, we have collaborated with a number of headphone partners and in 2016 will launch a database that includes optimal tuning profiles for more than 450 of the most popular makes and models of headphones. This means listeners will be able to select and apply a custom filter designed to optimize the specific headphones they use.
Consumers can further personalize their listening experience by creating a sonic profile for use with any content, everywhere they go. Product manufacturers can also leverage this feature to create signature tuning for their products. This adds a unique value proposition for manufacturers and an unparalleled listening experience for consumers.
For the best sounding audio across all devices, from smartphones and tablets to PCs and TVs, we believe our Headphone:X solution provides an immersive listening experience no matter where the content is consumed.

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DTS Play‑Fi Hi‑Fi over Wi‑Fi
Our Play‑Fi solution targets the booming wireless audio space. Our wireless streaming technology allows Wi‑Fi enabled sources, such as PCs, smartphones, and tablets, to stream uncompressed audio to Play‑Fi enabled products, such as speakers, soundbars, TVs, and home theater systems.
Importantly, DTS Play‑Fi enables the synchronized streaming of music to multiple speakers directly from a smartphone, tablet, PC or other Play‑Fi enabled device over a standard Wi‑Fi network to anywhere the Wi‑Fi reaches. Play‑Fi leverages Wi‑Fi’s extensive range and capacity to stream audio with bit‑for‑bit accuracy for a higher quality audio experience. This solution allows the consumer to play music uninterrupted without the various alerts that plague Bluetooth audio playback, while still being able to use the mobile device for calls, text messages, internet, etc. In addition, Play‑Fi provides seamless multi‑room, multi‑zone audio synchronization, again utilizing standard Wi‑Fi capabilities that are built into most mobile devices and any home with Wi-Fi. With two or more Play‑Fi enabled‑speakers in a home, a consumer has the option to play different content in different rooms or the same content throughout the house.
Currently, the Play‑Fi app is available for mobile devices that use the Android, Kindle Fire or iOS operating systems and is also available for the Windows PC platform. Play‑Fi enabled speakers, soundbars and AVRs are available online and at retailers through a variety of brands, including Definitive Technology, Martin Logan, Paradigm, Phorus and Wren, with products coming in 2016 from Arcam, Anthem, Klipsch, McIntosh and Rotel. Most importantly, all Play-Fi products from all brands are interoperable offering consumers more choices than competing platforms. The technology enables audio streaming from the world's most popular music services, including Spotify, Amazon Prime Music, iHeart Radio, Pandora, Rhapsody, SiriusXM and Tidal, as well as thousands of internet radio stations and listeners' personal music libraries on any supported product.
Combined, Headphone:X and Play‑Fi are designed to make a uniquely compelling use case for the modern connected lifestyle. Historically, making the connection between mobile and whole‑home entertainment has been challenging, due to physical connections, wires, or less‑than‑ideal point‑to‑point streaming that has limited consumer enjoyment and expectations

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for what the home audio experience could be. Today’s consumers frequently listen to their favorite music and music services on mobile devices through their favorite pair of headphones or earbuds, and when they get home, they typically want to remove the headphones or earbuds and listen to their music out loud. With our Headphone:X and Play‑Fi technologies, consumers can walk into their house, disconnect their headphones or earbuds, and seamlessly send their audio entertainment throughout the home wirelessly over their existing Wi‑Fi network. We believe this is how consumers want to enjoy their entertainment today, and our technologies represent unique, integrated solutions capable of providing this end‑to‑end capability.
DTS:X Object-Based Audio
Looking beyond today’s channel‑based audio paradigm is DTS:X, our next-generation object‑based audio format designed for consumer delivery. The DTS:X audio decoder enables AVR, soundbar, TV and mobile manufacturers to bring the advanced features of object‑based audio to the consumer market, and gives content creators a new approach for the creation of ever more compelling soundtracks.
In addition to rendering object‑based audio content, DTS:X supports complete compatibility for playback of DTS channel based content, providing the best audio experience from any content encoded in DTS audio.
The benefits of DTS:X include:
Environmentally compensated audio rendering which allows consumers to hear audio directionality and dimensionality with more precision than ever before.
Object control that enables consumers to interact with key objects within the audio mix and adjust them to their preference.
3-dimensional upmixing using Neural:X that allows any channel based content, be it stereo, 5.1 or 7.1 to be spatially remapped to speaker layouts which include height. Not only does Neural:X bring benefit to home markets, it also provides benefits to the automotive market and can be bundled with HD Radio technology to enhance the automotive listening experience.
HD Radio Technology
HD Radio technology is the only digital broadcast system approved by the FCC for AM/FM radio in the US. Acquired from iBiquity, HD Radio technology is a state-of-the-art technology that enables AM/FM broadcasters to upgrade to digital broadcasting to remain viable and competitive in the digital age. HD Radio technology delivers to listeners a premium radio listening experience, all via local broadcasting and without any subscription fees. The patented technology provides crystal-clear digital sound, new digital-only multicast channels, static song and artist titles, visual images broadcasted with audio content, and subscription-free traffic and data information sent directly to a vehicle’s radio or navigation system. More than 2,300 radio stations have upgraded to HD Radio technology, including 98 of the top 100 stations in the top 10 US markets. Today, all major automakers servicing the US market offer HD Radio technology in their vehicle model lineups.
In summary, we have a complete range of advanced audio solutions, including leading edge audio codecs, audio processing technologies, industry leading wireless speaker playback technology, and forward‑thinking object‑based audio. Our advanced audio solutions are specifically engineered to meet the unique needs of the markets we support, and we believe that our unsurpassed, industry‑leading portfolio of solutions uniquely positions us to drive meaningful growth going forward.
Intellectual Property
We have developed and maintain a sizeable library of copyrighted technologies and other technical materials, both printed and digitized, as well as numerous trade secrets. We also have many individual patent families resulting in hundreds of individual patents and patent applications throughout the world.
As a provider of high‑definition audio technologies to markets worldwide, we believe it is extremely important to protect our technology through the use of copyrights, trademarks, patents, and trade secrets in many countries. We have targeted our intellectual property coverage to provide protection in the major manufacturing and commercial markets of the world.

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Our audio solutions are proprietary technology to which we retain the copyrights. Accordingly, copyrights are an important component of our intellectual property.
Our trademarks consist of many individual word marks, logos and slogans registered and in use throughout the world. The marks cover our various products, technologies, improvements and features as well as services we provide. Our trademarks are an integral part of our licensing program and, generally, are required to be used on licensed products to identify the source of the technology in the device, to provide greater consumer awareness and to advance the sales of the licensed products bearing the trademarks. In addition to over one hundred trademark registrations, we also have numerous trademark applications pending worldwide, with additional marks in the pre‑application phase.
Our general practice is to file patent applications for our technology in the US and various foreign countries where our customers manufacture, distribute or sell licensed products. We actively pursue new applications to expand our patent portfolio to address new technological innovations. Most of the patents in our portfolio have an average life of 20 years from their date of filing, with expiration dates ranging from 2016 to 2034. We have multiple patents covering unique aspects and improvements for many of our technologies. We do not believe that the expiration of any single patent is likely to significantly affect our intellectual property position or our ability to generate licensing revenues.
Presence in Content
The proliferation of connected devices that can support streaming and downloadable content has made presence within the digital ecosystem increasingly important, as the availability of DTS‑enabled content helps drive consumer demand for electronics that support DTS technologies. We have focused our efforts in this area, working with various content partners to help drive the expansion of our presence across the digital ecosystem.
Content Delivery Ecosystem
Adding advanced audio technologies to an existing or new content delivery network requires multifaceted back‑end integrations across numerous technology partners. Unlike the optical disc based media distribution business, where only a few parties are involved in the replication and distribution of a disc, the digital content delivery ecosystem can be vast — involving dozens of interrelationships to get entertainment content from the creator to the ultimate consumer. We have spent years developing relationships throughout the ecosystem, and we believe we are now well positioned with relevant industry partners to make DTS‑encoded, high‑definition content more readily available.
With the increasing popularity of network‑connectivity, the fundamental structure of the content ecosystem has now changed to focus not only on accessibility and ease‑of‑use, but also on higher quality audio and video. This change significantly expands the market for digital media format technologies, such as those provided by DTS.
Connected devices with varying content delivery requirements necessitate production tools capable of delivering high volumes of digital content files in multiple formats. We have spent several years bolstering our production tools, which include multiplexers, transcoders and automated quality control tools.
All major North American motion picture studios use the DTS‑HD Master Audio Suite, a production tool that has allowed DTS to secure the primary audio tracks on the majority of Blu‑ray Disc titles. As content delivery has moved beyond optical disc based media, consumers of production tools now include online services and broadcast facilities. We have provided our digital sound encoding tools to many of the leading home video and music content providers and professional audio facilities, enabling them to create high‑definition DTS‑enabled content. To date, tens of thousands of Blu‑ray Disc and DVD titles have been produced with DTS high‑definition audio tracks.
Additionally, broadcast content is critical to the success of our recent acquisition, iBiquity. Working in close cooperation with the nation’s leading AM/FM broadcasters, the HD Radio team has built a pervasive broadcast infrastructure. Over 2,300 US radio stations serving over 90% of the population have upgraded to HD Radio technology. These stations cover all of the top 150 radio markets, and HD Radio signals are now available on 98 of the top 100 stations across the top 10 cities. Stations accounting for 74% of all radio listenership in the US now broadcast digitally. Additionally, there are over 1,700 new HD2, HD3 and HD4 digital stations providing diverse new content in pure digital quality.
As the transition to digital content delivery accelerates, we continue to pursue strategic partnerships with top streaming technology companies to integrate DTS technologies into content and to be available on as many connected devices as possible,

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thereby enabling growth in our licensing opportunities. To date, our premium audio technologies have been integrated into tens of thousands of titles, and we are actively pursuing additional partnerships to expand the integration of our premium audio technologies into streaming and downloadable content. Partnerships currently include 3DGo, CinemaNow, M‑GO, Starz, Alibaba Tmall Box, Carrefour’s Nolim Films, and Primetime. This integration of our technology gives major studios, content creators, and retailers turn‑key access to digitally distributed content with unparalleled audio quality.
Standards Participation
There are a variety of governmental and industry‑related organizations that are responsible for adopting system and product standards. Standards are important in many technology‑focused industries as they help to ensure compatibility of technologies across a system or series of products. Generally, standards adoption occurs on either a mandatory basis, requiring the existence of a particular technology or feature, or an optional basis, meaning that a particular technology or feature may be, but is not required to be, utilized.
We believe the market for audio and audio/video products can by heavily influenced by standards, and that our active participation with standards organizations is important as we work to include our technology in standards or change our status from optional to mandatory, where possible. We believe our standards involvement also provides us early visibility into future opportunities.
Governmental standards are often operated by non‑governmental organizations in cooperation with regional regulatory bodies. These organizations adopt standards by validating and publishing industry standards that are appropriate for various regions and technical requirements. The standards of this nature that we participate in include European Technical Standards Institute (ETSI) which is an affiliated European Standards Organization under the European Union, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the Moving Pictures Expert Group (MPEG) which is a joint working group under the IEC and International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) which is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technology.
Additionally, our newly acquired HD Radio technology is the only approved method by the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for upgrading AM/FM broadcasting from analog to digital.
The majority of standards we actively participate in are produced by industry‑related organizations. These bodies adopt standards based on industry evaluations and discussions across affected constituencies finalizing with consensus voting as to the best solution around which to standardize.
An example of a newer industry-related organization we are participating in is the Secure Content Storage Association (SCSA), a group of companies working to create storage and transfer solutions for high‑definition and premium copyright‑protected content on hard drives, flash memory products and solid state drives. SCSA’s mission is to increase market opportunities for content owners, content distributors and high‑end device manufacturers by delivering a secure solution that allows consumers to enjoy the highest‑quality entertainment content across multiple devices.
Some standards bodies are now “open standards” that require all technologies included in the standard be included on non‑proprietary and intellectual‑property “free” technology platforms in which no company maintains ownership over the dominant technologies. We are actively engaging these bodies to determine how we may participate and the potential impact on our business model and future go‑to‑market strategies.
Currently, we are actively participating in over 25 standards, including UHD Alliance (UHDA), Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC), High‑Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI), and National Radio Standards Committee (NRSC). We anticipate being involved in a number of other standards organizations as appropriate to facilitate the deployment of our technologies.
IC Footprint
Traditionally, our technology has resided on an IC chip. We license a defined limited set of rights to incorporate our technology into these IC chips, and the IC manufacturers sell these DTS‑enabled chips to our consumer electronics products manufacturer licensees. As such, maintaining a large footprint with the IC manufacturers is critical to drive growth.

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Over the past several years, DTS has been working closely with the world’s leading IC manufacturers to enable DTS technologies to support the new programmable architectures that fuel innovation and flexibility in today’s consumer electronics products. Our partners specialize in key vertical markets and work closely with us to enable our latest technologies for these programmable parts. Together we offer these solutions to DTS licensees. Recently, DTS has gone a step further to develop both decoder and audio processing solutions for ARM‑based processors, allowing our partners to quickly integrate DTS technology into their ARM‑based processors targeted at popular, high‑level operating systems such as Android and iOS, potentially saving their customers months of porting effort and thus providing rapid time‑to‑market solutions.
We have devoted significant time and resources to develop a broad range of solutions with key partners in certain markets, including Qualcomm, Mediatek, Mstar, Intel, Realtek, Sigma Designs, Marvell, Texas Instruments, Analog Devices, Cadence, Amlogic, and many others.
DTS Branding
Our marketing drives awareness and understanding of the DTS brands and solutions among listeners and customers by creating marketing, advertising, and communications programs that demonstrate the superior sound DTS technology enables. We envision a DTS‑powered future where every sound experience is exciting, engaging, and effortless — across all devices.
The foundation of our marketing strategy is to increase awareness and understanding of DTS solutions among listeners who highly value experience. When we connect with these influential listeners and demonstrate the sound DTS delivers, our brands become a catalyst for expanding the use of our existing technologies in new markets and in successfully penetrating existing markets with new technologies.
Our marketing campaigns, taken as a whole, aim to establish DTS as the “magic audio ingredient” across all devices — delivering the highest quality sound, unbound from barriers. In 2015, DTS Headphone:X campaigns showed listeners how Headphone:X technology can create a personalized, immersive experience for their favorite music, including supporting Imagine Dragons' 40-city North American tour featuring their new album, Smoke + Mirrors, mixed with Headphone:X technology. We also collaborated with our customers to successfully launch several DTS Play‑Fi enabled speaker brands and music service partners, in the process demonstrating that awareness drives action and that listeners desire wireless choice and superior quality for their home audio systems. We continued our compelling innovation with DTS:X — showing off the immersive, flexible, and interactive capabilities of our next‑generation, object-based codec.
We believe that investments in building the DTS brands, the continued dominance of DTS as the preferred audio format for Blu‑ray Disc content, and our further expansion into network‑connected devices will result in the proliferation of the DTS brands into expanding categories of consumer electronics, and in turn, grow consumer awareness of and desire for DTS as “the magic audio ingredient.”
We remain focused on accelerating these key value drivers as we advance our position in offering high‑definition audio experiences, anytime, anywhere, on any device.
KEY MARKETS AND STRATEGIES
Network‑Connected Markets
The network‑connected markets category has become the largest area of our business and includes consumer electronics devices that are network‑capable, including TVs, smartphones, tablets, wireless speakers, and PCs. Our strategy continues to center around further penetrating the various network‑connected markets.
TVs
One of our strongest positions in the network‑connected space is in the connected TV market. Our key strategy in this market is joining forces with leading consumer electronics manufacturers like Samsung, LG, Sony and Vizio, allowing us to play a more significant role in the connected home entertainment market and further ensuring consumer access to high‑quality audio when enjoying entertainment content at home. We have partnerships with nearly every TV manufacturer worldwide, including all of the top 15 brands, and our DTS codec is incorporated into nine of the top ten TV original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).

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Mobile
The mobile electronics market is currently, and expected to be for the foreseeable future, the largest single consumer electronics device market in the world in terms of unit volume, and we are currently focused primarily on the high‑ to mid‑tier smartphone and tablet sub‑segments of the mobile market.
In years past, mobile product manufacturers had only a few entertainment services to offer their customers over known and predictable networks. However, the explosion of media services, network topographies and device capabilities has caused the range of audio technologies needed by our partners to increase, and we have helped to simplify their businesses by offering simple, scalable solutions to meet their needs.
As smartphones continue to evolve into more feature‑rich and sophisticated devices, consumers are seeking similar sound quality that they are accustomed to from their home theater or automobile. We believe that sound matters across all of these platforms; for example, with the integration of DTS Sound and DTS StudioSound into a smartphone, customers can experience uncompromising sound at their fingertips, redefining the quality of the experience. Moreover, with our DTS Headphone:X technology, consumers can receive this same high‑quality sound even when using their favorite pair of headphones or earbuds on their mobile devices. Importantly, mobile product manufacturers are beginning to realize that sound, and thus our audio solutions, can be a powerful differentiator for their products.
Today’s consumers increasingly expect high‑quality sound in all of their electronics. Partnering with key manufacturers, such as Huawei, Acer, Asus and LeMobile, as well as mobile service providers, such as Nextreaming and Saffron Digital, allows us the opportunity to improve the mobile audio experience through our audio solutions. Notable accomplishments in 2015 within the mobile market include:
expanding our relationship with Huawei to include DTS audio solutions within the flagship Huawei Mate 7 smartphone, as well as the Mate S, Mate 8, P8 and P8 Max; and
expanding our relationship with Asus to make the Asus Zenpad S 8.0, becoming the world’s first tablet to incorporate DTS‑HD Premium Sound technology.
As the use of headphones and earbuds and the demand for immersive high‑definition audio continues to grow, we have expanded the reach of our Headphone:X technology by:
incorporating the technology into leading Chinese brands, such as LeMobile's smartphones; and
collaborating with leading gaming headset manufacturers to integrate the technology into their brands, including Logitech, MadCatz and Turtle Beach.
We are continuing to pursue relationships to further expand the presence of our Headphone:X and other technologies in the mobile space.
Wireless Speakers
In the wireless speaker market, over the past year, we have seen significant growth in the adoption of our Play‑Fi technology in audio products. The range of available Play-Fi audio products now includes everything from AVRs to amplifiers to portable speakers to soundbars. We continue to maintain a Play‑Fi Certified ODM Program, which includes many leading audio manufacturers including Amtran Technology, Anam Electronics, Eastech Electronics Inc., Fenda Technology Co., Ltd., Hansong Technology, LiteOn Technology Corporation, Meiloon Industrial Co. Ltd., Solidex Audio Corporation, Tymphany Corporation, Wistron Corporation, and Zylux Acoustic Corp. Additionally, we have expanded the presence of our Play‑Fi technology by:
collaborating with Spotify to bring the leading global music service to the Play-Fi ecosystem, allowing Spotify Premium subscribers to stream directly to Play-Fi audio products;
working with other leading music subscription services, such as Amazon Prime Music, iHeartRadio, Rhapsody and Tidal to bring their music streaming services to the Play-Fi ecosystem, joining existing services such as Pandora and SiriusXM;

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expanding the Play‑Fi ecosystem through the expansion of product lines from current Play-Fi licensees Definitive Technology, Polk Audio and Wren, and the announcement and launch of new products from leading consumer electronics brands such as Anthem, MartinLogan, McIntosh and Paradigm; and
collaborating with additional consumer electronics brands, including Arcam, Klipsch and Rotel, to develop Play-Fi enabled audio products to be available in 2016.
We will continue to work with current and new partners to grow the Play‑Fi ecosystem.
PCs
The PC market, composed of notebooks, ultrabooks, laptops, desktops, and all‑in‑one PCs is large, with laptops and notebooks leading the way. Consumers continue to use PCs as multi‑media hubs, including Blu‑ray Disc drives for high‑definition playback. Additionally, with our DTS encoder, consumers can encode their own content into the DTS format and enjoy playback on DTS enabled devices.
The PC market, like the smartphone and tablet markets, is facing shrinking device sizes. As a result, the market is increasingly turning to audio processing to augment device capabilities. At the same time, the demands of consumers for PCs with improved audio for applications such as movies, music and games continues to rise, creating an increasing demand for advanced audio technologies. We address these demands with solutions tailored to meet both the high and low ends of an OEM’s product lines. With DTS Sound and DTS StudioSound, we are meeting the needs of major OEMs, such as HP, Toshiba and ASUS.
As PC manufacturers continue to adopt our solutions across various platforms ranging from motherboards to all‑in‑ones (AIOs), and from notebooks to ultrabooks, there are growing opportunities for us to help these manufacturers differentiate and improve audio experiences on their thinner, smaller and lighter platforms which are in demand by today’s consumers.
As devices in the network‑connected markets play a more versatile role in the household, consumers are becoming increasingly aware that sound matters. The integration of our solutions into a growing number of TVs, mobile devices, wireless speakers, and PCs further reinforces our prominence in providing manufacturers a means to deliver an immersive, realistic sound experience regardless of the platform.
Automotive
The automotive market is comprised of infotainment systems, which may include network connectivity. As we move into an ever more network-connected world, the range of technologies that support various content sources reaching connected devices continues to evolve. It includes both deeply established content sources that are moving into the digital realm, like HD Radio broadcasts, as well as internet-based technologies like over-the-top video and streaming music. These content sources are all part of the spectrum of entertainment consumers enjoy every day across a range of listening environments and devices.
As the trend toward network connectivity transitions into the automotive market, there is opportunity for DTS to benefit from the increase in demand for our solutions beyond optical disc based infotainment systems. Our strategy in the automotive market is to collaborate with automobile manufacturers and their audio systems suppliers to use and incorporate our solutions at the factory level, including our recently acquired HD Radio technology. We partner with key automobile manufacturers such as Acura, Audi, BMW, GM, Honda, Hyundai, Jaguar Land Rover, Lincoln and Mercedes, and top suppliers such as Alpine, Harman, Panasonic and Pioneer, to incorporate our audio solutions into certain models.
HD Radio technology has successfully penetrated the North American automotive OEM market, with approximately 37% of cars sold in the US in 2015 featuring HD Radio technology. We expect the majority of North American vehicles to come equipped with HD Radio technology over time. The combination of HD Radio technology and DTS' advanced audio suite of technologies for the automobile is expected to provide opportunities for additional geographic, service and technology expansion.
HD Radio technology is highly relevant not only to the future of automobiles, but also other electronics and mobile devices, particularly as consumers face increasing costs for the bandwidth required to support their data and entertainment consumption. Free, over-the-air broadcast radio, upgraded to digital with HD Radio technology, has an important place in the range of options for consumer entertainment.

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Base Markets
The base of our business is rooted in certain mature markets, including Blu‑ray and Home AV. While these markets do not present the same scale of potential growth as the network‑connected markets, they continue to generate a meaningful foundation of revenue, profitability and cash flow.
The Blu‑ray market includes standalone players, gaming devices and disc drives included in PCs. As a mandated technology in the Blu‑ray standard, our codec is in every product that incorporates a Blu‑ray optical disc drive. As such, Blu‑ray remains an important contributor to our revenues, most recently driven by the success of the latest gaming cycle launched by Sony and Microsoft. Almost all newly manufactured Blu‑ray Disc players are now network‑enabled, and a number of models are 3D‑capable. We believe our dominant position on Blu‑ray Disc content establishes us as an industry leading audio format for high‑definition entertainment and is expected to drive future growth as the industry transitions to 4K video and network‑based high‑definition content delivery.
The Home AV market includes AVRs, soundbars, DVD players and other home theater equipment. With DVD on the decline, our focus in this market is on the growing soundbar category. The Home AV market continues to represent an important revenue base, and it continues to present opportunities for growth for our high‑definition sound technologies, including our new DTS:X technology. Manufacturers representing over 90% of the home AVR and surround processor market, including Anthem, Denon, Integra, Krell, Marantz, McIntosh, Onkyo, Outlaw Audio, Pioneer, Steinway Lyngdorf, Theta Digital, Trinnov Audio, and Yamaha, have already begun to embrace the new technology in their products.
LICENSING TO CUSTOMERS
We have two licensing teams, one headquartered in Ireland and one in California, that market our technology directly to consumer electronics product manufacturers and to IC manufacturers. We have customer‑focused employees located in the US, Europe, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. We believe that locating staff near the leading consumer electronics and IC manufacturers is essential to providing the level of customer support necessary in today’s rapidly evolving global marketplace.
For the vast majority of our business, we license our technology to consumer electronics product manufacturers primarily through a two‑step process:
IC Manufacturers. First, we license to a substantial number of major IC manufacturers a limited set of rights to incorporate our technology in their chips and to sell these chips supporting DTS technology to our consumer electronics products manufacturer licensees.
Consumer Electronics Product Manufacturers. Secondly, we license hardware manufacturers a limited set of rights to utilize our technology (incorporated in the IC licensee’s chips) in their physical products. Our business model provides for us to receive royalties for products produced or sold by these licensees that contain our technologies.
As part of the licensing terms for both IC and hardware manufacturer licensees, we receive fees for access to our technology and for product certification, in addition to royalties for use of our technologies. Generally, we license on a non‑exclusive, worldwide basis. We require that all licensees have their chips or hardware devices certified by us prior to distribution, and licensees are generally required to display the appropriate DTS trademark on the products they manufacture. We also reserve the right to audit their books, records and quality standards.
Our licensing business mainly consists of two general types of licensing models: per‑unit and minimum guarantee arrangements. Customers with a per‑unit arrangement pay us a per‑unit license fee for each product manufactured or sold, as set forth in each license agreement. Such information is typically reported to us in the subsequent quarter, and consequently, per‑unit revenues are recognized on a quarter lag basis when reported. Minimum guarantee arrangements consist of a minimum fee paid by the customer for the right to license specified technologies over the contract term. These arrangements stipulate a flat fee that corresponds to a minimum number of units or dollars that the customers must produce or pay, with additional per‑unit fees for any units or dollars exceeding the minimum. The minimum fee portion of these arrangements is recognized ratably over the contract term, and any overage is recognized on a quarter lag basis when reported.
We have licensed our technologies and our trademarks to substantially all of the major consumer electronics product manufacturers worldwide. Collectively, these manufacturers have sold billions of DTS‑licensed consumer electronics products.

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While our business is not substantially dependent on any single customer agreement, we have entered into several license agreements with the various divisions and companies that comprise Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. and Sony Corporation, which relate to various types of consumer electronics devices. Each of these significant customers, in the aggregate, accounts for more than 10% of total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2015.
In addition, we sell DTS Play‑Fi enabled hardware modules to consumer electronics manufacturers to incorporate our Play‑Fi technology into their products. These modules are manufactured by third‑party vendors. For 2015, such hardware sales did not represent a material portion of our total consolidated revenue.
SEASONALITY OF BUSINESS
Generally, consumer electronics manufacturing activities are lowest in the first calendar quarter of each year, and increase progressively throughout the remainder of the year. The third and fourth quarters are typically the strongest in terms of manufacturing output as our technology licensees increase their manufacturing output to prepare for the holiday selling season. Since recognition of revenues for most arrangements lag manufacturing activity by one quarter due to the timing of licensees reporting to us, part of our revenues and earnings may by impacted by this seasonal trend on a quarter lag basis. However, the seasonal impact to our business is lessened to a certain extent by the growing number of minimum guarantee arrangements with our customers.
In general, the introduction and inclusion of DTS technologies in new and rapidly growing markets can have a material effect on quarterly revenues and profits, and can distort the moderate seasonality described above.
We actively police and enforce our intellectual property and pursue third parties who have under‑reported the amount of royalties owed under a license agreement or who utilize our intellectual property without a license. As a result of these activities, from time to time, we may recognize royalty revenues that relate to licensing obligations that occurred in prior periods. These royalty recoveries may cause revenues to be higher than expected during a particular reporting period and may not occur in subsequent periods.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
As demonstrated by our portfolio of industry‑recognized, advanced technologies, we are centered around strong research and development abilities. We were founded on key research and development that focused on providing unique, cost effective and differentiated audio solutions, and we continue to develop new technologies with this same goal in mind.
As we have grown, new technologies have not only been developed internally, but also acquired from outside sources. Our technologies, and the talent and knowledge that created them, are key elements of our research and development base and will continue to be a source of new solutions going forward.
As of January 31, 2016, we have approximately 240 employees in research and development. This group oversees our product development efforts and is responsible for implementing our technology into existing and emerging products. We carry out research and development activities in the US, China, Japan, Korea, Northern Ireland, Singapore and Taiwan.
Our research and development expenses totaled $43.0 million during 2015, $37.3 million during 2014 and $31.1 million during 2013. We expect that we will continue to commit resources to research and development efforts in the future, particularly in support of our expansion across a wide variety of digital audio content and playback devices.
COMPETITION
We face strong competition in the consumer electronics market and expect competition to continue to intensify in the future. Our primary competitor is Dolby Laboratories, who develops and markets, among other things, high‑definition audio products and services. Dolby was founded over 50 years ago and for many years was the only significant provider of audio technologies. Dolby’s long‑standing market position, brand, business relationships, resources and inclusion in various industry standards provide it with a strong competitive position.
In addition to Dolby, we compete in specific product markets with companies such as Fraunhofer Institut Integrierte Schaltungen and various other consumer electronics product manufacturers. Many of these competitors have a wide variety of strengths that afford them competitive advantages, such as longer operating histories, significantly greater resources, greater name recognition, or the ability to offer their technologies for a lower price or for free.

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We believe that the principal competitive factors in each of our markets include some or all of the following:
technology performance, flexibility, and range of application;
quality and reliability of technologies, products and services;
expertise in engineering support and proximity to customers;
brand recognition and reputation;
inclusion in industry standards;
price;
relationships with IC, consumer electronics manufacturers, and content creators and providers;
availability of encoding tools that deliver compatible high‑definition audio content;
timeliness and relevance of new product introductions; and
relationships with, and distribution networks for, production and post‑production operators providing content for digital broadcast.
We have been successful in penetrating the consumer electronics markets and building and growing market share. Many top selling Blu‑ray Discs and DVDs contain high‑definition soundtracks in our format, and a substantial majority of consumer electronics products with high‑definition or surround sound audio capability incorporate our technology, trademarks or know‑how. Our success has been due in large part to our ability to position our brand as a premium offering that contains superior proprietary technology, the quality of our customer service, our inclusion in industry standards and our industry relationships.
We believe there are significant barriers to entry into the consumer electronics products market, such as our mandatory status in the Blu‑ray format. Also, our HD Radio technology is the only FCC-approved AM/FM digital upgrade technology in the US, with a strong radio broadcast infrastructure consisting of more than 2,300 US radio stations covering over 90% of the US population to date. Numerous other standards in which we participate support a limited number of technologies, including various DTS technologies.
EMPLOYEES
As of January 31, 2016, we had 484 employees, including 103 employees acquired from iBiquity. None of our employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement, and we have never experienced a work stoppage. We believe our relations with our employees are good.
WEBSITE ACCESS TO SEC FILINGS
We file annual, quarterly and current reports, and amendments to those reports, and other information with the SEC. You may access and read our filings without charge through the SEC’s website, at www.sec.gov. We also maintain an internet website at www.dts.com. We make available, free of charge through our website, our annual reports on Form 10‑K, quarterly reports on Form 10‑Q, current reports on Form 8‑K, proxy statements and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC.



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Item 1A.    Risk Factors

You should consider each of the following factors as well as the other information in this Annual Report in evaluating our business and our prospects. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, or results of operations could suffer. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Related to Our Business

We may not be able to evolve our technologies, products, and services, or develop new technologies, products, and services, that are acceptable to our customers or the evolving markets.

The markets for our technologies, products, and services are characterized by:

rapid technological change and product obsolescence;

new and improved product introductions;

changing consumer demands;

increasingly competitive product landscape; and

evolving industry standards.

Our future success depends upon our ability to enhance our existing technologies, products, and services and to develop enhanced and acceptable new technologies, products, and services on a timely basis. The development of enhanced and new technologies, products, and services is a complex and uncertain process requiring high levels of innovation, highly-skilled engineering and development personnel, and the accurate anticipation of technological and market trends. We may not be able to accurately identify, develop, market, or support new or enhanced technologies, products, or services on a timely basis, if at all. Furthermore, our new technologies, products, and services may never gain market acceptance, and we may not be able to respond effectively to evolving consumer demands, technological changes, product announcements by competitors, or emerging industry standards. Any failure to respond to these changes or concerns would likely prevent our technologies, products, and services from gaining market acceptance or maintaining market share and could lead to our technologies, products, and services becoming obsolete.

If we are unable to maintain a sufficient amount of content released in the DTS audio format, demand for the technologies, products, and services that we offer to consumer electronics product manufacturers may significantly decline, which would adversely impact our business and prospects.

We expect to derive a significant percentage of our revenues from the technologies, products, and services that we offer to manufacturers of consumer electronics products. We believe that demand for our audio technologies in growing markets for multi-channel and/or high resolution audio, including TVs, tablets, mobile phones, video game consoles, automobiles, and soundbars, will be based on the amount, quality, and popularity of content (such as movies, TV shows, music, and games) either released in the DTS audio format or capable of being coded and played in the DTS format. In particular, our ability to penetrate the growing markets in the network-connected space depends on the presence of streaming and downloadable content released in the DTS audio format. We generally do not have contracts that require providers of streaming and downloadable content to develop and release such content in a DTS audio format. Accordingly, our revenue could decline if these providers elect not to incorporate DTS audio into their content or if they sell less content that incorporates DTS audio.

In addition, we may not be successful in maintaining existing relationships or developing new relationships with other existing or new content providers. As a result, we cannot assure you that a sufficient amount of content will be released in a DTS audio format to ensure that manufacturers continue offering DTS decoders in the consumer electronics products that they sell.



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Our customers, who are also our current or potential competitors, may choose to use their own or competing technologies rather than ours.

We face competitive risks in situations where our customers are also current or potential competitors. For example, certain of our licensee customers maintain in-house audio engineering teams. To the extent that our customers choose to use technologies they have developed or in which they have an interest, rather than use our technologies, our business and operating results could be adversely affected.

Our revenue is dependent upon our customers and licensees incorporating our technologies into their products, and we have limited control over existing and potential customers' and licensees' decisions to include our technologies in their product offerings.

We are dependent upon our customers and licensees — including consumer electronics product manufacturers, semiconductor manufacturers, producers and distributors of content — to incorporate our technologies into their products, purchase our products and services, or integrate DTS audio into their content. The future success of our technologies depends upon the ability of our licensees to develop, introduce and deliver products that achieve and sustain market acceptance. We have contracts and license agreements with many of these companies, which generally are non-exclusive and do not contain any minimum purchase commitments. Furthermore, the decision by a party dominant in the entertainment value chain to provide audio technology at very low or no cost could impact a licensee's decision to use our technology. Our customers, licensees and other manufacturers might not utilize our technologies or services in the future. Accordingly, our revenue could decline if our customers and licensees choose not to incorporate our technologies in their products, or if they sell fewer products incorporating our technologies.

Our licensing revenue depends in large part upon semiconductor manufacturers incorporating our technologies into integrated circuits (ICs), for sale to our consumer electronics product licensees. If our technologies are not incorporated in these ICs, IC production is delayed, or fewer ICs are sold that incorporate our technologies, our operating results would be adversely affected.

Our licensing revenue from consumer electronics product manufacturers depends, in large part, upon the availability of ICs that implement our technologies. IC manufacturers incorporate our technologies into these ICs, which are then incorporated into consumer electronics products. We do not manufacture these ICs, but rather depend upon IC manufacturers to develop, produce and then sell them to licensed consumer electronics product manufacturers. We do not control the IC manufacturers' decisions whether or not to incorporate our technologies into their ICs, and we do not control their product development or commercialization efforts. If these IC manufacturers are unable or unwilling to implement our technologies into their ICs, production is delayed, or if they sell fewer ICs incorporating our technologies, our operating results could be adversely affected.

We face intense competition and certain of our competitors have greater resources than we do.

The digital audio, consumer electronics and entertainment markets are intensely competitive, subject to rapid change, and significantly affected by new product introductions and other market activities of industry participants. Our principal competitor is Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (Dolby), who competes with us in most of our markets. We also compete with other companies offering digital audio technology incorporated into consumer electronics product and entertainment mediums, such as Fraunhofer Institut Integrierte Schaltungen, and with respect to our wireless audio technology, Sonos, Inc.

Certain of our current and potential competitors may enjoy substantial competitive advantages, including:

greater name recognition;

a longer operating history;

a greater global footprint and presence;

more developed distribution channels and deeper relationships with our common customer base;

a more extensive customer base;

technologies that provide features that ours do not;

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broader product and service offerings;

greater resources for competitive activities, such as research and development, marketing, strategic acquisitions, alliances, joint ventures, sales and marketing, subsidies and lobbying industry and government standards;

more technicians and engineers;

greater technical support;

the ability to offer open source or free codecs; and

greater inclusion in government or industry standards.

As a result, these current and potential competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than we can to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards, or customer requirements.

In addition to the competitive advantages described above, Dolby also enjoys other unique competitive strengths relative to us. For example, it introduced multi-channel audio technology before we did. It has also achieved mandatory standard status in product categories that we have not, including terrestrial digital TV broadcasts in the US. As a result of these factors, Dolby has a competitive advantage in selling its digital multi-channel audio technology.

Our ability to develop proprietary technologies in markets in which “open standards” are adopted may be limited, which could adversely affect our ability to generate revenue and growth.

Standards-setting bodies may require the use of open standards, meaning that the technologies necessary to meet those standards are publicly available, free of charge and often on an "open source" basis. These standards have primarily been focused on markets and regions traditionally adverse to the notion of intellectual property ownership and the associated royalties. If the concept of open standards gains more industry momentum or further regional adoption in the future, the use of open standards may reduce our opportunity to generate revenue, as open standards technologies are based upon non-proprietary technology platforms in which no single company maintains ownership over the dominant technologies.

Demand for our newly acquired HD Radio technology may be insufficient to sustain projected growth.

Demand for and adoption of HD Radio technology may not be sufficient for us to continue to increase the number of licensees of our HD Radio system, which include IC manufacturers, manufacturers of broadcast transmission equipment, consumer electronics products manufacturers, component manufacturers, data service providers, manufacturers of specialized and test equipment and radio broadcasters.
Among other things, continuing and increased consumer acceptance of HD Radio technology will depend upon:
the number of radio stations broadcasting digitally using HD Radio technology;

the willingness of automobile manufacturers to include HD Radio receivers in their vehicles;

the willingness of manufacturers to incorporate HD Radio technology into their products;

the cost and availability of HD Radio enabled products; and

the marketing and pricing strategies that we employ and that are employed by our licensees and retailers.

If demand for HD Radio technology does not continue to increase as expected, we may not be able to increase revenue as projected.


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Our recently acquired HD Radio technology may not remain competitive if we do not respond to changes in technology, standards and services that affect the radio broadcasting industry.

The radio broadcasting industry is subject to technological change, evolving industry standards, regulatory restrictions and the emergence of other media technologies and services. Our HD Radio technology may not gain market acceptance over these other technologies. Various other audio technologies and services that have been developed and introduced include:
internet streaming, cable-based audio programming and other digital audio broadcast formats;

satellite delivered digital audio radio services that offer numerous programming channels;

other digital radio competitors, such as Digital Radio Mondiale, or DAB; and

growth in use of portable devices for storage and playback of audio content.

Competition arising from these or other technologies or potential regulatory change may have an adverse effect on the radio broadcasting industry or on our company and our financial condition and results of operations.
If we are unable to further penetrate the streaming and downloadable content delivery markets and adapt our technologies for those markets, our revenues and ability to grow could be adversely impacted.

Video and audio content has historically been purchased and consumed primarily via optical disc based media. However, the growth of the internet and network-connected device usage, along with the rapid advancement of online and mobile content delivery has resulted in download and streaming services becoming mainstream with consumers in various parts of the world. We expect the shift away from optical disc based media to streaming and downloadable content consumption to continue. If we fail to continue to penetrate the streaming and downloadable content delivery market, our business could suffer.

The services that provide content from the cloud are not generally governed by international or national standards and are thus free to choose any media format(s) to deliver their products and services. This freedom of choice on the part of online content providers could limit our ability to grow if such content providers do not incorporate our technologies into their services, which could affect demand for our technologies.

Furthermore, our inclusion in mobile and other network-connected devices may be less profitable for us than optical disc players. The online and mobile markets are characterized by intense competition, evolving industry standards and business and distribution models, disruptive software and hardware technology developments, frequent new product and service introductions, short product and service life cycles, and price sensitivity on the part of consumers, all of which may result in downward pressure on pricing. If we are unable to adequately and timely respond to the foregoing, our business and operating results could be adversely affected.

A loss of one or more of our key customers or licensees in any of our markets could adversely affect our business.

From time to time, one or a small number of our customers or licensees may represent a significant percentage of our revenue. While our business is not substantially dependent on any single customer agreement, we have entered into several license agreements with the various divisions and companies that comprise Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. and Sony Corporation, which relate to various types of consumer electronics devices. Each of these significant customers, in the aggregate, accounted for more than 10% of total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2015. For additional information, refer to "Concentration of Business and Credit Risk" in Note 2 of our consolidated financial statements. Although we have agreements with our customers, many of these agreements do not require any material minimum purchases or minimum royalty fees and typically do not prohibit customers from purchasing or licensing technologies, products, and services from competitors. A decision by any of our major customers or licensees not to use our technologies, products, or services or their failure or inability to pay amounts owed to us in a timely manner, or at all, could have a significant adverse effect on our business.

The licensing of patents constitutes a significant source of our revenue. If we do not replace expiring patents with new patents or proprietary technologies, our revenue could decline.

We hold patents covering a majority of the technologies that we license, and our licensing revenue is tied in large part to the life of those patents. Our right to receive royalties related to our patents terminates with the expiration of the last patent

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covering the relevant technologies. Accordingly, to the extent that we do not replace licensing revenue from technologies covered by expiring patents with licensing revenue based on new patents and proprietary technologies, our revenue could decline.

Our business and prospects depend upon the strength of our brands, and if we do not maintain and strengthen our brands, our business could be materially harmed.

Establishing, maintaining and strengthening our corporate and product brands is critical to our success. Our brand identity is key to maintaining and expanding our business and entering new markets. Our success depends in large part on our reputation for providing high-quality technologies, products, and services to the consumer electronics, broadcast and entertainment industries. If we fail to promote and maintain our brands successfully, our business and prospects may suffer. Additionally, we believe that the likelihood that our technologies will be adopted in industry standards depends, in part, upon the strength of our brands, because professional organizations and industry participants are more likely to incorporate technologies developed by well-respected and well-known brands into industry standards.

Declining retail prices for consumer electronics products could force us to lower the license or other fees we charge our customers or prompt our customers to exclude our audio technologies from their products altogether, which would adversely affect our business and operating results.

The market for consumer electronics products is intensely competitive and price sensitive. Retail prices for consumer electronics products that include our audio technologies have decreased significantly, and we expect prices to continue to decrease for the foreseeable future. Declining prices for consumer electronics products could create downward pressure on the licensing fees we currently charge our customers who integrate our technologies into the consumer electronics products that they sell and distribute. As a result of pricing pressure, consumer electronics product manufacturers who produce products in which our audio technologies are not a mandatory standard could decide to exclude our audio technologies from their products altogether. In addition, certain royalty fees that we receive are based on a percentage of the sales price of the individual consumer electronic product, and if sales prices decline faster than we forecast the amount of the royalty fees we receive may significantly decrease.

If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights or if changing laws have an adverse effect on our ability to protect such rights, our ability to compete could be harmed.

Protection of our intellectual property is critical to our success. Copyright, trademark, patent, and trade secret laws and confidentiality and other contractual provisions afford only limited protection and may not adequately protect our rights or permit us to gain or keep any competitive advantage. We rely on our patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets, as well as licenses and other agreements with our suppliers, customers and other parties, to use our technologies, conduct our operations and sell our products and services. We face numerous risks in protecting our intellectual property rights, including the following:

our competitors may produce competitive technologies, products or services that do not unlawfully infringe upon our intellectual property rights;

the laws related to the protection of intellectual property may not be the same in all countries or may change over time resulting in no or inadequate protection for our intellectual property, or may restrict the scope of our intellectual property rights, and mechanisms for enforcement of intellectual property rights may be inadequate;

we may be unable to successfully identify or prosecute unauthorized uses of our technologies;

efforts to identify and prosecute unauthorized uses of our technologies are time consuming, expensive, and divert resources from the operation of our business;

our patents may be challenged, found unenforceable or invalidated by our competitors;

our pending patent applications may be found not patentable, may not issue, or if issued, may not provide meaningful protection for related products or proprietary rights;


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we may not be able to practice our trade secrets as a result of patent protection afforded a third-party for such product, technique or process; and

we may not be able to prevent the unauthorized disclosure or use of our technical knowledge or other trade secrets by employees, consultants, and advisors.

As a result, our means of protecting our intellectual property rights and brands may prove inadequate or unenforceable. Furthermore, despite our efforts, third parties may violate, or attempt to violate, our intellectual property rights. Enforcement, including infringement claims and lawsuits would likely be expensive to resolve and would require management's time and resources. In addition, effective patent, copyright and trade secret protection may be unavailable or limited in certain foreign countries in which we do business or may do business in the future. We have not sought, and do not intend to seek, patent and other intellectual property protections in all foreign countries. In countries where we do not have such protection, products incorporating our technology may be able to be lawfully produced and sold without a license.

The process of developing enhanced new technology solutions is complex and uncertain. It requires accurate anticipation of customer's changing needs and emerging technological trends. We must make long-term investments and commit significant resources before knowing whether these investments will eventually result in solutions that achieve customer acceptance and generate the revenues required to provide desired returns. As such, we rely on laws protecting out intellectual property and we may take legal action to enforce our patents and other intellectual property rights, protect our trade secrets, determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others, or to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity. Such litigation could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and could negatively affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

We may be sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights, and we may be subject to litigation proceedings that could harm our business.

Companies that participate in the digital audio, consumer electronics, broadcast and entertainment industries hold a large number of patents, trademarks, and copyrights, and are frequently involved in litigation based on allegations of patent infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. Intellectual property disputes frequently involve highly complex and costly scientific matters, and each party generally has the right to seek a trial by jury which adds additional costs and uncertainty. Accordingly, intellectual property disputes, with or without merit, could be costly and time consuming to litigate or settle, and could divert management's attention from executing our business plan. In addition, our technologies and products may not be able to withstand any third-party claims or rights against their use. If we were unable to obtain any necessary license following a determination of infringement or an adverse determination in litigation or in interference or other administrative proceedings, we may need to redesign some of our technologies or products to avoid infringing a third party's rights and could be required to temporarily or permanently discontinue licensing our technologies or products.

Additionally, our suppliers and customers may also have similar claims of intellectual property infringement asserted against them. In some circumstances, we have agreed to indemnify some of our suppliers and customers for alleged patent infringement. The scope of this indemnity varies, but, in some instances, includes indemnification for damages and expenses including reasonable attorneys’ fees.

In the past, we have been a party to litigation related to protection and enforcement of our intellectual property, and we may be a party to litigation in the future. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties and unfavorable rulings could occur. An unfavorable ruling could include monetary damages (including treble damages under the Clayton Act) and an injunction prohibiting us from licensing our technologies in particular ways or at all. If an unfavorable ruling occurred, our business and operating results could be materially harmed. If any of our products were found to infringe on another company’s intellectual property rights, we could be required to redesign our products or license such rights and/or pay damages or other compensation. There is no guarantee we would be able to redesign our products, license such intellectual property rights used in our products or otherwise distribute our products through a licensed supplier, which could result in our inability to make and sell such products. In addition, any protracted litigation, regardless of its outcome, could result in substantial expense, divert management's attention from our day-to-day operations, disrupt our business and cause our operating results to suffer.





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We rely on the accuracy of our customers' manufacturing reports for reporting and collecting our revenues, and if these reports are untimely or incorrect, our revenues could be delayed or inaccurately reported.

Most of our revenues are generated from consumer electronics product manufacturers who license and incorporate our technology in their products. Under our existing agreements, many of these customers pay us per-unit licensing fees based on the number of products manufactured that incorporate our technology. We rely on our customers to accurately report the number of units manufactured on a timely basis in collecting our license fees, preparing our financial reports, projections, budgets, and directing our sales and product development efforts. The timing of our revenue depends upon the timing of our receipt of these customer reports. Our license agreements permit us to audit our customers, but audits are generally expensive, time consuming, difficult to manage effectively, dependent in large part upon the cooperation of our licensees and the quality of the records they keep, and could harm our customer relationships. If any of our customer reports understate the number of products they manufacture, we may not collect and recognize revenues to which we are entitled, or may endure significant expense to obtain compliance. Alternatively, customer reports could overstate the number of products manufactured, which would require us to refund the customer and reflect the overstated amount as a reduction of revenue in the period determined.

We have had in the past, and may have in the future, disputes with our licensees regarding our licensing arrangements.

At times, we are engaged in disputes regarding the licensing of our intellectual property rights, including matters related to misreporting of units manufactured, application of royalty rates, and interpretation of other terms of our licensing arrangements. These types of disputes can be asserted by our customers or prospective customers or by other third parties as part of negotiations with us or in private actions seeking monetary damages or injunctive relief, or in regulatory actions. In the past, licensees have threatened to initiate litigation against us regarding our licensing royalty rate practices including our adherence to licensing on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory terms and potential antitrust claims. Damages and requests for injunctive relief asserted in claims like these could be material and could be disruptive to our business. Any disputes with our customers or potential customers or other third parties could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and prospects.

Our technologies and products are complex and may contain errors that could cause us to lose customers, damage our reputation, or incur substantial costs.

Our technologies or products could contain errors that could cause our technologies or products to operate improperly and could cause unintended consequences. If our technologies or products contain errors, we could be required to replace them, and if any such errors cause unintended consequences, we could face claims for product liability. Although we generally attempt to contractually limit our exposure to incidental and consequential damages, as well as provide insurance coverage for such events, if these contract provisions are not enforced or are unenforceable, if liabilities arise that are not effectively limited, or if our insurance coverage is inadequate to satisfy the liability, we could incur substantial costs in defending or settling product liability claims.

We may not successfully address problems encountered in connection with mergers and acquisitions or strategic investments.

We consider opportunities to acquire or make investments in other technologies, products, and businesses that could enhance our technical capabilities, complement our current technologies, products and services, or expand the breadth of our markets. While we have acquired a number of businesses in the past, each business is unique, and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in realizing the expected benefits from an acquisition or investment. Future success depends, in part, upon our ability to manage an expanded business, which could pose substantial challenges for management. Acquisitions and strategic investments involve numerous risks and potential difficulties, including:

problems assimilating the purchased technologies, products, or business operations;

significant future charges relating to in-process research and development and the amortization of intangible assets;

significant amount of goodwill and other intangible assets that are not amortizable and are subject to annual impairment review and potential impairment losses;


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problems maintaining and enforcing uniform standards, procedures, controls, policies and information systems;

unanticipated costs, including accounting and legal fees, capital expenditures, and transaction expenses;

diversion of management's attention from our core business;

adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;

risks associated with entering markets in which we have no or limited experience;

unanticipated or unknown liabilities relating to the acquired businesses;

the need to integrate accounting, management information, manufacturing, human resources and other administrative systems and personnel to permit effective management;

uncovering information missed or not understood in target diligence; and

potential loss of key employees of acquired organizations.

If we fail to properly evaluate and execute acquisitions and strategic investments, our management team may be distracted from our day-to-day operations, our business may be disrupted, and our operating results may suffer. In addition, if we finance acquisitions by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, our existing stockholders would be diluted. Foreign acquisitions and investments involve unique risks in addition to those mentioned above, including those related to integration of operations across different geographies, cultures and languages, currency risks and risks associated with the particular economic, political and regulatory environment in specific countries. Furthermore, future results will be affected by our ability or inability to integrate acquired businesses quickly and obtain the anticipated benefits and synergies. Also, in cases where stockholder approval of an acquisition or strategic investment is required, and we fail to obtain such stockholder approval, the anticipated benefit of our acquisitions and investments may not materialize.

Future acquisitions and investments could result in potentially dilutive issuances of our equity securities, the incurrence of debt or contingent liabilities, amortization expenses, or impairment losses on goodwill and other intangible assets, any of which could harm our operating results and financial condition. Future acquisitions may also require us to obtain additional equity or debt financing, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all.

We may have difficulty managing any growth that we might experience.

As a result of a combination of organic growth and growth through acquisitions, we expect to continue to experience growth in the scope of our operations and the number of our employees. If our growth continues, it may place a significant strain on our management team and on our operational and financial systems, procedures, and controls. Our future success will depend, in part, upon the ability of our management team to manage any growth effectively, requiring our management to:

recruit, hire, and train additional personnel;

implement and improve our operational and financial systems, procedures, and controls;

maintain our cost structure at an appropriate level based on the revenues and cash we forecast and generate

manage multiple concurrent development projects; and

manage operations in multiple time zones with different cultures and languages.

Any failure to successfully manage our growth could distract management's attention and result in failure to execute our business plan.




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We are dependent upon certain key employees.

Our success depends, in part, upon the continued availability and contributions of our management team and engineering and technical personnel because of the complexity of our technologies, products, and services. Important factors that could cause the loss of key personnel include:

our existing employment agreements with the members of our management team allow such persons to terminate their employment with us at any time;

we do not have employment agreements with a majority of our key engineering and technical personnel;

not maintaining a competitive compensation package, including cash and equity compensation;

our ability to obtain stockholder support for new or amended equity plans to provide the level of initial and annual equity grants expected by key talent in today's competitive job market; and

significant portions of the equity awards are vested or may be underwater.

The loss of key personnel or an inability to attract qualified personnel in a timely manner could slow our technology and product development and harm our ability to execute our business plan.

We expect our expenses to increase in the future, which may impact profitability.

We expect our expenses to increase as we, among other things:

expand our sales and marketing activities, including the continued development of our international operations and increased advertising;

adopt a more customer-focused business model which is expected to entail additional hiring;

acquire businesses or technologies and integrate them into our existing organization;

increase our research and development efforts to advance our existing technologies, products, and services and develop new technologies, products, and services;

hire additional personnel, including engineers and other technical staff;

expand and defend our intellectual property portfolio; and

upgrade our operational and financial systems, procedures, and controls.

As a result, we will need to grow our revenues and manage our costs in order to positively impact profitability. In addition, we may fail to accurately estimate and assess our increased operating expenses as we grow.

We have previously identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. If we are unable to maintain effective internal controls over our financial reporting, investors may lose confidence in our ability to provide reliable and timely financial reports and the value of our common stock may decline.

We are required, pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, to furnish a report by management on, among other things, the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. This assessment includes disclosure of any material weaknesses identified by our management in our internal control over financial reporting, as well as a statement that our independent registered public accounting firm has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.

Our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was ineffective as of December 31, 2014 because a material weakness existed in our internal control over financial reporting related to the accounting for income taxes.

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Management determined that this material weakness was remediated as of December 31, 2015. Refer to Part II, Item 9A, "Controls and Procedures" for additional information.

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Because the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting cannot guarantee the prevention or detection of a material weakness, we can never guarantee a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting will not occur, including with respect to any previously reported material weaknesses. If we identify any material weaknesses in the future, investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of our common stock.

Our multi-national legal structure is complex, which increases the risk of errors in financial reporting related to our accounting for income taxes. We may find additional errors in our accounting for income taxes or discover new facts that cause us to reach different conclusions. In addition, given the complexity of certain of the Company's license agreements and the accounting standards governing revenue recognition related thereto, we may find additional errors in our accounting for revenue or discover new facts that cause us to reach different conclusions. This could result in adjustments that could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements. This could also adversely impact our stock price, damage our reputation, or cause us to incur substantial costs.

Compliance with changing securities laws, regulations and financial reporting standards will increase our costs and pose challenges for our management team.

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder have created uncertainty for public companies and significantly increased the costs and risks associated with operating as a publicly traded company in the US. Our management team will need to devote significant time and financial resources to comply with both existing and evolving standards for public companies, which will lead to increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue generating activities to compliance activities. Furthermore, with such uncertainties, we cannot assure you that our system of internal control will be effective or satisfactory to our independent registered public accounting firm. As a result, our financial reporting may not be timely or accurate and we may be issued an adverse or qualified opinion by our independent registered public accounting firm. If reporting delays or material errors actually occur, we could be subject to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities, such as the SEC or the Nasdaq Stock Market, which could adversely affect our financial results or result in a loss of investor confidence in the reliability of our financial information, which could materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

The SEC has adopted rules regarding disclosure of the use of conflict minerals (commonly referred to as tantalum, tin, tungsten, and gold), which are sourced from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and surrounding countries. This requirement could affect the sourcing, availability and pricing of materials used to manufacture certain of our products. Consequently, we will incur costs in complying with these disclosure requirements, including due diligence to determine the source of the minerals used in our products, and we may not be able to sufficiently verify the origins for the minerals used in our products. Our reputation may suffer if we determine that our products contain conflict minerals that are not determined to be conflict free or if we are unable to sufficiently verify the origins for all conflict minerals used in our products.

In addition, the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) has issued a new 2013 version of its internal control framework, which was deemed by COSO to supersede the 1992 version of the framework effective December 15, 2014. We have adopted this updated framework, which has required and may continue to require management's ongoing attention to documenting, maintaining and auditing our internal controls under the new COSO framework.

Further, the SEC has passed, promulgated and proposed new rules on a variety of subjects including the possibility that we would be required to adopt International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Additionally, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) continually updates accounting standards with which we may be required comply. In order to comply with IFRS requirements or implementation of new or updated accounting standards, we may have to add additional accounting staff, engage consultants or change our internal practices, standards and policies which could significantly increase our costs.


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We believe that these new and proposed laws and regulations could make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our Board of Directors, particularly to serve on our audit committee, and qualified executive officers.

Current and future governmental and industry standards may significantly limit our business opportunities.

Technology standards are important in the audio and video industry as they help to assure compatibility across a system or series of products. Generally, standards adoption occurs on either a mandatory basis, requiring a particular technology to be available in a particular product or medium, or an optional basis, meaning that a particular technology may be, but is not required to be, utilized. If standards are re-examined or a new standard is developed in which we are not included, our revenue growth in that area of our business could be significantly lower than expected.

As new technologies and entertainment media emerge, new standards relating to these technologies or media may develop. New standards may also emerge in existing markets that are currently characterized by competing formats, such as the market for PCs. We may not be successful in our efforts to include our technology in any such standards.

Changes in or failure to comply with FCC requirements could adversely impact our HD Radio revenue.

In October 2002, the Federal Communications Commission, or the FCC, selected our “In-Band, On-Channel (“IBOC”) technology, also known as “HD Radio technology,” as the exclusive technology for introduction of terrestrial digital operations by AM and FM radio stations. In the United States, the FCC regulates the broadcast radio industry, interprets laws enacted by Congress and establishes and enforces regulations governing radio broadcasting. It is unclear what rules and regulations the FCC may adopt regarding digital audio broadcasting and what effect, if any, such rules and regulations will have on our business, the operations of stations using our HD Radio technology or consumer electronics manufacturers. Any additional rules and regulations imposed on digital audio broadcasting could adversely impact the attractiveness of HD Radio technology and negatively impact our business. Also, non-compliance by us, or by radio stations offering HD Radio broadcasts, with any FCC requirements or conditions could result in fines, additional license conditions, license revocation or other detrimental FCC actions.
Our licensing of industry standard technologies can be subject to limitations that could adversely affect our business and prospects.

When a standards-setting body adopts our technologies as explicit industry standards, we generally must agree to license such technologies on a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory basis, which we believe means that we treat similarly situated licensees similarly. In these situations, we may be required to limit the royalty rates we charge for these technologies, which could adversely affect our business. Furthermore, we may have limited control over whom we license such technologies to, and may be unable to restrict many terms of the license. From time to time, we may be subject to claims that our licenses of our industry standard technologies may not conform to the requirements of the standards-setting body. Claimants in such cases could seek to restrict or change our licensing practices or our ability to license our technologies in ways that could harm our reputation and otherwise materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and prospects.

Our business, operations and reputation could suffer in the event of security breaches.

Attempts by others to gain unauthorized access to information technology systems, including systems designed and managed by third parties, are becoming more sophisticated and successful. These attempts can include introducing malware to computers and networks, impersonating authorized users, overloading systems and servers, and data theft. While we seek to detect and investigate any security issue, in some cases, we might be unaware of an incident or its magnitude and effects. The theft, unauthorized use, loss or publication of our intellectual property or confidential business information could harm our competitive position, reduce the value of our investment in research and development and other strategic initiatives or otherwise adversely affect our business. Any security breach resulting in inappropriate disclosure of our customers' or licensees' confidential information, may result in legal claims or proceedings, liability under laws or contracts and disruption of our operations. Further, disruptions to certain of our information technology systems could have severe consequences to our business operations, including financial loss and reputational damage.

We may experience fluctuations in our operating results.

We have historically experienced moderate seasonality in our business due to our business mix and the nature of our products. Consumer electronics manufacturing activities are generally lowest in the first calendar quarter of each year, and

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increase progressively throughout the remainder of the year. Manufacturing output is generally strongest in the third and fourth quarters as our technology licensees’ increase manufacturing to prepare for the holiday buying season. Since recognition of a majority of revenue lags manufacturing activity by one quarter, our revenues and earnings are generally lowest in the second quarter. The introduction of new technologies, products and services and inclusion of our technologies in new and rapidly growing markets can distort and amplify the seasonality described above. Our revenues may continue to be subject to fluctuations, seasonal or otherwise, in the future. Unanticipated fluctuations, whether due to seasonality, economic downturns, product cycles, or otherwise, could cause us to miss our revenue and earnings projections, or could lead to higher than normal variation in short-term revenue and earnings, either of which could cause our stock price to decline.

In addition, we actively engage in intellectual property compliance and enforcement activities focused on identifying third parties who have either incorporated our technologies, trademarks, or know-how without a license or who have underreported to us the amount of royalties owed under license agreements with us. As a result of these activities, from time to time, we may recognize royalty revenues that relate to manufacturing activities from prior periods, and we may incur expenditures related to enforcement activity. These royalty recoveries and expenditures, as applicable, may cause revenues to be higher than expected, or results to be lower than expected, during a particular reporting period and may not recur in future reporting periods. Such fluctuations in our revenues and operating results may cause declines in our stock price.

We are subject to additional risks associated with our international operations.

We market and sell our technologies, products and services outside the US. We currently have employees located in several countries throughout Europe and Asia, and most of our customers and licensees are located outside the US. A significant part of our strategy involves our continued pursuit of growth opportunities in a number of international markets. If we are not able to maintain or increase international market demand for our technologies, we may not be able to maintain a desired rate of growth in our business. In addition, our pursuit of international growth opportunities may require significant investments.

During the year ended December 31, 2015, over 80% of our revenues were derived internationally.

We face numerous risks in doing business outside the US, including:

unusual or burdensome foreign laws or regulatory requirements or unexpected changes to those laws or requirements;

tariffs, trade protection measures, import or export licensing requirements, trade embargos, and other trade barriers;

difficulties in attracting and retaining qualified personnel and managing foreign operations;

competition from foreign companies;

longer accounts receivable collection cycles and difficulties in collecting accounts receivable;

less effective and less predictable protection and enforcement of our intellectual property;

changes in the political or economic condition of a specific country or region, particularly in emerging markets;

fluctuations in the value of foreign currency versus the US dollar and the cost of currency exchange;

potentially adverse tax consequences, including withholding taxes, VAT, and other sales-related taxes, and changes in tax laws;

nationalization, expropriation or limitations on repatriation of cash; and

cultural differences in the conduct of business.

Such factors could cause our future international sales to decline.


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Our business practices in international markets are also subject to the requirements of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. If any of our employees are found to have violated these requirements, we and our employees could be subject to significant fines, criminal sanctions and other penalties.

Our international revenue is mostly denominated in US dollars. As a result, fluctuations in the value of the US dollar and foreign currencies may make our technologies, products, and services more expensive for international customers, which could cause them to decrease their business with us. Expenses for our subsidiaries are denominated in their respective local currencies. As a result, if the US dollar weakens against the local currency, the translation of our foreign currency-denominated expenses will result in higher operating expense without a corresponding increase in revenue. Significant fluctuations in the value of the US dollar and foreign currencies could have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. The main foreign currencies we encounter in our operations are the EUR, GBP, HKD, JPY, KRW, RMB, SGD and TWD. We do not currently engage in currency hedging activities to limit the risk of exchange rate fluctuations.

Unanticipated changes in our tax provisions or adverse outcomes resulting from examination of our income tax returns could adversely affect our net income.

We are subject to income taxes in both the US and in foreign jurisdictions. Our effective income tax rate could be adversely affected by changes in tax laws or interpretations of those tax laws, by changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates or by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We may come under audit by tax authorities. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals. Based on the results of an audit or litigation, a material effect on our income tax provision, net income or cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made could result. In addition, changes in tax rules, such as expiration of tax credits, may adversely affect our future reported financial results or the way we conduct our business. We earn a significant amount of our operating income from outside the US, and any repatriation of funds currently held in foreign jurisdictions would result in additional tax expense. In addition, there have been proposals to change US and foreign tax laws that would significantly impact how US multinational corporations are taxed on foreign earnings. For example, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an international association of 34 countries including the US, has recommended revisions to certain corporate tax, transfer pricing, and tax treaty provisions. These revisions could have a material adverse impact on our income tax expense, net income and cash flows.

Economic downturns could disrupt and materially harm our business.

Negative trends in the general economy could cause a downturn in the market for our technologies, products and services, as the end-products in which our technologies are incorporated are discretionary goods, including TVs, automobiles, game consoles, speakers, soundbars, PCs, and mobile devices. Weakness in the global financial markets could result in a tightening in the credit markets, a low level of liquidity in many financial markets and volatility in credit and equity markets. Such a weakness could adversely affect our operating results if it results, for example, in the insolvency of a key licensee or other customer, the inability of our licensees or other customers to obtain credit to finance their operations, including financing the manufacture of products containing our technologies, and delays in reporting or payments from our licensees. Tight credit markets could also delay or prevent us from acquiring or making investments in other technologies, products or businesses that could enhance our technical capabilities, complement our current technologies, products, and services, or expand the breadth of our markets. If we are unable to execute such acquisitions or strategic investments, our operating results and business prospects may suffer.

In addition, global economic conditions, including increased cost of commodities, widespread employee layoffs, actual or threatened military action by the US and the threat of terrorism could result in decreased consumer confidence, disposable income and spending. Any reduction in consumer confidence or disposable income may negatively affect the demand for consumer electronics products that incorporate our technologies.

We cannot predict other negative events that may have adverse effects on the global economy in general and the consumer electronics industry specifically. However, the factors described above and such unforeseen events could negatively affect our revenues and operating results.


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We have a limited operating history in certain new and evolving consumer electronics markets.

Our technologies have only recently been incorporated into certain markets, such as mobile devices and wireless speakers. We do not have the same experience in these markets as in our traditional consumer electronics business, nor do we have as much operating history as other companies, such as Dolby. As a result, the demand for our technologies, products, and services and the income potential of these businesses is unproven. In addition, because our participation in these markets is relatively new and rapidly evolving, we may have limited insight into trends that may emerge and affect our business. We may make errors in predicting and reacting to relevant business trends, which could harm our business. Before investing in our common stock, investors should consider the risks, uncertainties, and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in new and rapidly evolving markets such as ours. We may not be able to successfully address any or all of these risks.

We have incurred a significant amount of indebtedness. Our level of indebtedness, and covenant restrictions under such indebtedness, could adversely affect our operations and liquidity.

In October 2015, we entered into a credit agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Wells Fargo”) and other lenders, which provides us with a $50.0 million secured revolving line of credit and a $125.0 million secured term loan. In connection with the closing of this credit agreement, we repaid the $25.0 million of debt outstanding under the previous credit agreement, dated September 29, 2014, with Wells Fargo. As of December 31, 2015, we had $125.0 million outstanding under the term loan and $35.0 million outstanding under the revolving line of credit.

Our indebtedness could adversely affect our operations and liquidity, by, among other things:

making it more difficult for us to pay or refinance our debts as they become due during adverse economic and industry conditions, because we may not have sufficient cash flows to make our scheduled debt payments;

causing us to use a larger portion of our cash flows to fund interest and principal payments, reducing the availability of cash to fund working capital, capital expenditures, and other business activities;

making it more difficult for us to take advantage of significant business opportunities, such as acquisition opportunities, and to react to changes in market or industry conditions; and

limiting our ability to borrow additional monies in the future to fund working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes.

The terms of our indebtedness include certain reporting and financial covenants, as well as other covenants, that, among other things, may restrict our ability to: dispose of certain assets, enter into merges, acquisitions or other business combination transactions, incur additional indebtedness, grant liens and make certain other restricted payments. If we fail to comply with any of these covenants or restrictions, such failure may result in an event of default, which if not cured or waived, could result in the lenders increasing the interest rate as of the date of default or accelerating the maturity of our indebtedness. If the maturity is accelerated, we may not have sufficient cash resources to satisfy our debt obligations and such acceleration would adversely affect our business and financial condition. In addition, the indebtedness under our credit agreement is secured by a security interest in substantially all of our tangible and intangible assets and therefore, if we are unable to repay such indebtedness, the lenders could foreclose on these assets, which would adversely affect our ability to operate our business.

The interest rate on our debt is variable and fluctuates based upon changes in various underlying interest rates and other factors. An adverse change in interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows. We do not currently engage in interest rate hedging activities to limit the risk of interest rate fluctuations.

Our future capital needs are uncertain and we may need to raise additional funds in the future, and such funds may not be available on acceptable terms or at all.

Our capital requirements will depend upon many factors, including:

acceptance of, and demand for, our technologies, products and services;

the costs of developing new technologies or products;


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the extent to which we invest in new technologies and research and development projects;

the number and timing of acquisitions and other strategic investments;

the costs associated with our expansion; and

the costs of litigation and enforcement activities to defend our intellectual property.

In the future, we may need to raise additional funds, and such funds may not be available on favorable terms, or at all, particularly given the credit crisis and downturn in the overall global economy. Furthermore, if we issue equity or debt securities to raise additional funds, our existing stockholders may experience dilution, and the new equity or debt securities may have rights, preferences, and privileges senior to those of our existing stockholders. If we cannot raise funds on acceptable terms, or at all, we may not be able to develop or enhance our technologies, products, and services, execute our business plan, take advantage of future opportunities, or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated customer requirements. This may materially harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

Natural or other disasters could disrupt our business and negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.

Natural or other disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis or other adverse weather and climate conditions, whether occurring in the US or abroad, and the consequences and effects thereof, including energy shortages and public health issues, could disrupt our operations, or the operations of our business partners and customers, or result in economic instability that may negatively impact our operating results and financial condition. Our corporate headquarters and many of our operations are located in California, a seismically active region, potentially exposing us to greater risk of natural disasters.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

The price of our common stock may fluctuate.

The market price of our common stock has been highly volatile and may fluctuate substantially due to many factors, including:

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our results of operations or non-GAAP operating income or loss;

market perception of our progress toward announced objectives;

announcements of technological innovations by us or our competitors or technology standards;

announcements of significant contracts or partnerships by us or our competitors;

changes in our pricing policies or the pricing policies of our competitors;

developments with respect to intellectual property rights;

the introduction of new technologies or products or product enhancements by us or our competitors;

the commencement of or our involvement in litigation;

resolution of significant litigation in a manner adverse to our business;

our sale or purchase of common stock or other securities in the future;

conditions and trends in technology and entertainment industries;

changes in market valuation or earnings of our competitors;

the trading volume of our common stock;


32


announcements of potential acquisitions or strategic investments;

the adoption rate of new products incorporating our or our competitors' technologies, including mobile devices;

changes in the estimation of the future size and growth rate of our markets; and

general economic conditions.

In addition, the stock market in general, and the Nasdaq Global Select Market and the market for technology companies in particular, has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry factors may materially harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company's securities, securities class-action litigation has often been instituted against that company. Such litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management's attention and resources.

Shares of our common stock may be relatively illiquid.

As a result of our relatively small public float, our common stock may be less liquid than the common stock of companies with broader public ownership. Among other things, trading of a relatively small volume of our common shares may have a greater impact on the trading price for our shares than would be the case if our public float were larger.

If securities or industry analysts publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business or if our operating results do not meet or exceed their projections, our stock price could decline.

The trading market for our common stock depends in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. If one or more of the analysts who cover us or our industry downgrade our stock or the stock of other companies in our industry, or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business or industry, or if our results do not meet or exceed their projections, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of our company or fail to publish reports on us regularly, demand for our stock could decrease, which might cause our stock price and trading volume to decline.

Anti-takeover provisions under our charter documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change of control and could also limit the market price of our stock.

Our Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Restated Bylaws contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our Board of Directors that our stockholders might consider favorable. Some of these provisions:

authorize the issuance of preferred stock which can be created and issued by the Board of Directors without prior stockholder approval, with rights senior to those of the common stock;

provide for a classified Board of Directors, with each director serving a staggered three-year term;

prohibit stockholders from filling Board vacancies, calling special stockholder meetings, or taking action by written consent; and

require advance written notice of stockholder proposals and director nominations.

In addition, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporate Law, which may prohibit certain business combinations with stockholders owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock. These and other provisions in our Restated Certificate of Incorporation, Restated Bylaws, and Delaware law could make it more difficult for stockholders or potential acquirers to obtain control of our Board or initiate actions that are opposed by the then-current Board, and could delay or impede a merger, tender offer, or proxy contest involving our company. Any delay or prevention of a change of control transaction or changes in our Board could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.    


33


Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.    Properties

Our corporate headquarters and principal office is located in Calabasas, California, where we own real property, which includes an approximately 89,000 square foot building. We lease smaller facilities in other locations including the US, Republic of Ireland, Hong Kong, China, the United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Mexico. We believe that our existing space is adequate for our current operations. We believe that suitable replacement and additional space, to the extent needed, will be available in the future on commercially reasonable terms.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of our business, we actively pursue legal remedies to enforce our intellectual property rights and to stop unauthorized use of our technology and trademarks.

We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings. We may, however, become subject to lawsuits from time to time in the course of our business.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

None.


34


PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol DTSI. The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices for our common stock as reported by the Nasdaq Global Select Market:

 
High
 
Low
2014
 

 
 

First Quarter
$
24.00

 
$
18.25

Second Quarter
$
20.25

 
$
16.76

Third Quarter
$
25.49

 
$
17.85

Fourth Quarter
$
34.00

 
$
24.80

2015
 

 
 

First Quarter
$
34.85

 
$
26.67

Second Quarter
$
38.24

 
$
29.33

Third Quarter
$
31.04

 
$
23.67

Fourth Quarter
$
31.32

 
$
20.00


As of January 31, 2016, there were 48 stockholders of record of our common stock. We believe that the number of beneficial owners is substantially greater than the number of record holders because a large portion of our common stock is held through brokerage firms in "street name."

SALES OF UNREGISTERED SECURITIES

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we did not issue any securities that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.


35


STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following graph and table compares the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock to that of the Nasdaq Market Index and the Russell 2000 Index for the five fiscal year period ending December 31, 2015, the date of our fiscal year end. The graph and table assumes that a $100 investment was made at the close of trading on December 31, 2010 in our common stock and in each index, and that dividends, if any, were reinvested. The stock price performance shown should not be considered indicative of future price performance.
 
December 31, 2010
 
December 31, 2011
 
December 31, 2012
 
December 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2015
DTS, Inc. 
$
100.00

 
$
55.54

 
$
34.05

 
$
48.75

 
$
62.69

 
$
46.03

Nasdaq Market Index
$
100.00

 
$
99.17

 
$
116.48

 
$
163.21

 
$
187.27

 
$
200.31

Russell 2000 Index
$
100.00

 
$
95.82

 
$
111.51

 
$
154.80

 
$
162.38

 
$
155.22


DIVIDEND POLICY

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We currently intend to retain all available funds to support our operations and to finance the growth and development of our business. We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination relating to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on a number of factors, including our future earnings, capital requirements, financial condition, contract restrictions, future prospects, and other factors as the Board of Directors may deem relevant. In addition, the provisions of our credit agreement limit, among other things, our ability to pay dividends.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

On March 17, 2014, we announced a share repurchase program that was authorized by the Board of Directors in February 2014, for us to repurchase up to two million shares of our common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, depending upon market conditions and other factors. This share repurchase program does not have an expiration date. There was no stock repurchase activity during the quarter ended December 31, 2015, and 1,025,800 shares remained available for repurchase under this authorization.


36


Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

In the table below, we provide you with historical selected consolidated financial data of DTS, Inc. and its subsidiaries. We derived the data from our audited consolidated financial statements. It is important that you read the data below in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. References to "Notes" are Notes included in our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

On July 5, 2012, we completed our acquisition of substantially all of the assets of Phorus, Inc. and Phorus, LLC (collectively "Phorus"). On July 20, 2012, we completed our acquisition of SRS Labs, Inc. (SRS). On August 14, 2014, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Manzanita Systems, Inc. (Manzanita). On October 1, 2015, we completed the acquisition of iBiquity Digital Corporation (iBiquity). As a result, the net assets acquired and results of operations of these acquisitions have been included in our consolidated balance sheets and statements of operations, respectively, as of the aforementioned acquisition dates.

Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be expected in the future. We have described various risks and uncertainties that could affect future operating results in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors."

 
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
138,209

 
$
143,913

 
$
125,148

 
$
100,649

 
$
96,922

Cost of revenue
15,077

 
11,095

 
9,788

 
4,347

 
860

Gross profit
123,132

 
132,818

 
115,360

 
96,302

 
96,062

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Selling, general and administrative(1)          
92,276

 
78,570

 
79,753

 
78,409

 
52,904

Research and development(2)
42,985

 
37,298

 
31,145

 
25,774

 
13,539

Change in fair value of contingent consideration(3)
(420
)
 
400

 
(6,000
)
 

 

Impairment of intangible assets

 

 
2,820

(4)

 

Total operating expenses
134,841

 
116,268

 
107,718

 
104,183

 
66,443

Operating income (loss)
(11,709
)
 
16,550

 
7,642

 
(7,881
)
 
29,619

Interest and other income (expense), net
(2,255
)
 
(413
)
 
(521
)
 
(352
)
 
311

Income (loss) before income taxes
(13,964
)
 
16,137

 
7,121

 
(8,233
)
 
29,930

Provision (benefit) for income taxes
(1,663
)
 
(11,006
)
(5)
(8,634
)
(6)
7,665

(7)
11,661

Net income (loss)
$
(12,301
)
 
$
27,143

 
$
15,755

 
$
(15,898
)
 
$
18,269

Net income (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
(0.71
)
 
$
1.58

 
$
0.87

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
1.08

Diluted
$
(0.71
)
 
$
1.55

 
$
0.86

 
$
(0.91
)
 
$
1.04

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
17,396

 
17,180

 
18,097

 
17,466

 
16,982

Diluted
17,396

 
17,561

 
18,334

 
17,466

 
17,575

_______________________________________________________________________________

(1)
Includes $12,948, $185, $1,528 and $13,469 for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively, of costs incurred in connection with business combinations.

(2)
Includes $3,619, $8, $38 and $2,234 for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively, of costs incurred in connection with business combinations.

(3)
We recorded changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration associated with the Phorus acquisition.


37


(4)
We recorded an impairment charge relating to certain intangibles associated with Phorus (refer to Note 7, "Goodwill and Other Intangibles").

(5)
Includes a $12,612 tax benefit relating to the special one-time transfer of certain Japan and Taiwan intellectual property licensing rights to the US on January 1, 2014 (refer to Note 11, "Income Taxes").

(6)
Includes a $7,919 tax benefit as a result of a release of the valuation allowance on US federal deferred tax assets.

(7)
Includes a valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets as a result of determining that it was more likely than not that our US federal deferred tax assets would not be realized.

 
As of December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
(In thousands)
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments
$
61,865

 
$
99,435

 
$
71,029

 
$
72,045

 
$
85,641

Working capital
28,045

 
96,337

 
71,553

 
67,169

 
90,891

Total assets
407,940

 
288,270

 
241,798

 
247,059

 
159,470

Total long-term liabilities
146,649

 
31,993

 
33,480

 
39,817

 
7,886

Total stockholders' equity
205,032

 
218,903

 
183,112

 
180,926

 
145,802


38


Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

        In Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, "we," "us" and "our" refer to DTS, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including, except as otherwise stated, iBiquity Digital Corporation ("iBiquity") and its subsidiaries, which we acquired on October 1, 2015. The financial results for 2015 include iBiquity from the date of acquisition through December 31, 2015. References to "Notes" are Notes included in our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

        In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ substantially from those referred to herein due to a number of factors, including but not limited to risks described in the section entitled "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this Annual Report. Refer to "Forward-Looking Statements" for further discussion.

        You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the Notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

Overview

We are a premier audio solutions provider for high-definition entertainment experiences. Our mission is to make the world sound better—anytime, anywhere, on any device. Our audio solutions are designed to enable recording, delivery and playback of simple, personalized, and immersive high-definition audio which are incorporated by hundreds of licensee customers around the world, into an array of consumer electronics devices, including televisions (TVs), personal computers (PCs), smartphones, tablets, automotive audio systems, digital media players, set-top-boxes, soundbars, wireless speakers, video game consoles, Blu-ray Disc players, audio/video receivers, DVD-based products, and home theater systems.

We derive revenues from licensing our audio technologies, copyrights, trademarks, and know-how under agreements with substantially all of the major consumer audio electronics manufacturers. Our business model provides for these manufacturers to pay us royalties for DTS-enabled products that they manufacture or sell.

We actively engage in intellectual property compliance and enforcement activities focused on identifying third parties who have either incorporated our technologies, copyrights, trademarks or know-how without a license or who have under-reported the amount of royalties owed under license agreements with us. We continue to invest in our compliance and enforcement infrastructure to support the value of our intellectual property to us and our licensees and to improve the long-term realization of revenues from our intellectual property. As a result of these activities, from time to time, we recognize royalty revenues that relate to consumer electronics manufacturing activities from prior periods. These royalty recoveries may cause revenues to be higher than expected during a particular reporting period and may not occur in subsequent periods. While we consider such revenues to be a part of our normal operations, we cannot predict such recoveries or the amount or timing of such revenues.

Our cost of revenues consists primarily of amortization of acquired intangibles. It also includes costs for products and materials, salaries for certain operations personnel, as well as payments to third parties for copyrighted material.

Our selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses consist primarily of salaries and related benefits and expenses for personnel engaged in sales and licensee support, as well as costs associated with promotional and other selling and licensing activities. SG&A expenses also include professional fees, facility-related expenses and other general corporate expenses, including salaries and related benefits and expenses for personnel engaged in corporate administration, finance, human resources, information systems and legal.

Our research and development (R&D) costs consist primarily of salaries and related benefits and expenses for research and development personnel, engineering consulting expenses associated with new product and technology development, the commercialization of our R&D engineering efforts, and quality assurance and testing costs. R&D costs are expensed as incurred.

Recent Acquisitions

In July 2012, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Phorus and completed our acquisition of SRS. In August 2014, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Manzanita.


39


On October 1, 2015, we completed our acquisition of iBiquity. iBiquity is the exclusive developer and licensor of HD Radio technology, the sole FCC-approved method for upgrading AM/FM broadcasting from analog to digital. HD Radio technology provides compelling benefits, including improved audio quality, expanded content choices and new digital data services such as album cover art, weather and real-time traffic updates. iBiquity's partners include leading automakers, consumer electronics and broadcast equipment manufacturers, radio broadcasters, semiconductor and electronic component manufacturers and retailers. We believe that this acquisition will extend our strategy of delivering a personalized, immersive and compelling audio experience across the network-connected entertainment value chain, and will complement our existing suite of technology and content delivery solutions while enabling us to strengthen our position in the large automotive market. For additional information, refer to Note 6, "Business Combinations."

Executive Summary

Highlights

Excluding royalty recoveries, revenue for the year ended December 31, 2015 increased by 2%, compared to the prior year.

Royalties from network-connected markets for the year ended December 31, 2015 increased by 3%, compared to the prior year, driven primarily by increased royalties from mobile and TV.

Our acquisition of iBiquity has expanded our footprint in the automotive markets, positioning us for continued growth in 2016 and beyond. Royalties from automotive, which included a partial quarter of revenue from licensing arrangements acquired from iBiquity, increased by 21% for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the prior year.

Trends, Opportunities, and Challenges

Historically, our revenue was primarily dependent upon the DVD and Blu-ray Disc based home theater markets. Because we are a mandatory technology in the Blu-ray standard, our revenue stream from this market is closely tracking the sales trend of Blu-ray equipped players, game consoles and PCs. However, the market for optical disc based media players has slowed in favor of a growing trend toward network-based delivery of entertainment content to network-connected devices—what we call the network-connected markets. In response to this shift in entertainment delivery and consumption over the past several years, we have transitioned our primary focus to providing end-to-end audio solutions to the network-connected markets, and we believe that our mandatory position in the Blu-ray standard has given us the ability to extend the reach of our audio into the growing network-connected markets.

We have signed agreements with a number of network-connected digital TV, mobile device and PC manufacturers to incorporate DTS audio solutions into their products. We have also pursued partnerships to expand the integration of our premium audio technologies into streaming and downloadable content. To date, our technologies have been integrated into tens of thousands of titles, and we continue to work with numerous partners to expand our presence in streaming and downloadable content, including Alibaba, CinemaNow, M-GO and Starz. Additionally, we have maintained a strategy focused on increasing DTS support among providers of streaming and downloadable solutions and tools within the cloud-based content delivery ecosystem, working with partners such as Digital Rapids, Elemental Technologies, NexStreaming, Deluxe Digital Distribution and CastLabs.

One of the largest challenges we face is the growing consumer trend toward open platform, online entertainment consumption and the need to constantly and rapidly evolve our technologies to address the emerging consumer electronics markets. We believe that although the trend has begun, a complete transition to such open platform, online entertainment will take many years. Further, we believe that this trend demands that playback devices be capable of processing content originating in any form, whether optical disc based or online, which creates a substantial opportunity for our technologies to extend into network-connected products that may not have an optical disc drive. During the transition period, we expect that optical disc based media will continue to contribute meaningfully to our revenues, while online entertainment formats will continue to grow and thrive.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United

40


States of America and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, estimates and judgments are evaluated, including those related to revenue recognition; valuations of goodwill, other intangible assets and long-lived assets; stock-based compensation; income taxes; and business combinations. These estimates and judgments are based on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, which form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. By their nature, estimates are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.

We believe the following accounting policies and estimates are most critical to the understanding of our consolidated financial statements. For additional information relating to these accounting policies, refer to Note 2, "Significant Accounting Policies."

Revenue Recognition. We make estimates and judgments when determining whether the collectibility of license fees receivable from licensees is reasonably assured. If it is determined that collection is not reasonably assured, the revenue is recognized when collectibility becomes reasonably assured, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria have been met, which is generally upon receipt of cash. Management estimates regarding collectibility impact the actual revenues recognized each period and the timing of the recognition of revenues. Our assumptions and judgments regarding future collectibility could differ from actual events, thus materially impacting our consolidated financial statements.

Goodwill, Other Intangible Assets and Long-Lived Assets. Significant judgments are required in assessing impairment of goodwill, other intangibles, and long-lived assets, which includes estimating future revenues, cash flows, determining appropriate discount and growth rates and other assumptions. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the amount of impairment charges, if any. The estimates used represent management's best estimates, which we believe to be reasonable, but future declines in business performance may impair the recoverability of our goodwill, other intangibles and long-lived assets. For additional information, also refer to Note 7, "Goodwill and Other Intangibles."

Stock-based Compensation.  We believe this to be a critical accounting estimate because if any of the estimates involved require significant changes, these changes could result in fluctuating expenses that could have a material impact on our results of operations. For additional information, also refer to Note 12, "Stock-Based Compensation."

Income Taxes.  We must make estimates and judgments in determining our income tax provision, including valuation allowances on deferred tax assets, undistributed foreign earnings, and uncertain tax positions. These estimates and judgments occur in the calculation of certain tax assets and liabilities, which arise from differences in the timing of recognition of revenue and expense for tax and financial statement purposes. Our multi-national legal structure is complex, which increases the complexity of the estimates and judgments used in our accounting for income taxes. Significant changes to our estimates or judgments may result in an increase or decrease to our tax provision in a subsequent period.

We believe the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets to be a critical accounting estimate, because when we establish or reduce the allowance, our provision for income taxes will increase or decrease, which could have a material impact on our results of operations.

Should we decide to remit the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries to the US in a future period, our provision for income taxes may increase materially in the period that our intent changes.

Inherent uncertainties exist in estimating accruals for uncertain tax positions due to the progress of income tax audits and changes in tax law, both legislated and concluded through the various jurisdictions' tax court systems. Although the outcome of any tax audit is always uncertain, management believes that it has appropriate support for the positions taken on its tax returns and that its annual tax provision includes amounts sufficient to cover any assessments. Nonetheless, the amounts ultimately agreed to upon resolution of the issues raised by the taxing authorities may differ materially from the amounts accrued.

For additional information, also refer to Note 11, "Income Taxes."


41


Business Combinations.  Fair value valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions. Critical estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to: future expected cash flows from customer contracts, customer lists, and acquired developed technologies and patents; expected costs to develop IPR&D into commercially viable products and estimating cash flows from projects when completed; brand awareness and market position, as well as assumptions about the period of time the brand will continue to be used in our product portfolio; and discount rates.

Other estimates associated with the accounting for acquisitions may change as additional information becomes available regarding the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as more fully discussed in Note 6, "Business Combinations."

Geographic Information

For revenue by geographical area, refer to Note 15, "Segment and Geographic Information."

Long-lived tangible assets, net of accumulated depreciation, by geographic region was (in thousands):

 
As of December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
US
$
27,408

 
$
25,494

 
$
27,979

International
1,614

 
1,595

 
2,137

Total long-lived tangible assets, net
$
29,022

 
$
27,089

 
$
30,116


Results of Operations

Revenue

 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2015 vs. 2014
Change
 
2014 vs. 2013
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
($ in thousands)
Revenue
$
138,209

 
$
143,913

 
$
125,148

 
$
(5,704
)
 
(4
)%
 
$
18,765

 
15
%

Revenue for 2015 included $5.6 million of royalties recovered through intellectual property compliance and enforcement activities, which we characterize as "royalty recoveries." Revenue for 2014 and 2013 included $13.4 million and $6.3 million in royalty recoveries, respectively. While we believe royalty recoveries are a normal and ongoing aspect of our business, royalty recoveries may cause revenues to be higher than expected during a particular period and may not occur in subsequent periods. Therefore, unless otherwise noted, the impact of royalty recoveries has been excluded from our revenue discussions in order to provide a more comparable analysis.

Year Ended December 31, 2015 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2014

Excluding royalty recoveries, revenues increased by $2.1 million. The increase was primarily attributable to increased royalties from automotive, which were up 21%, primarily as a result of the acquisition of iBiquity in the fourth quarter of 2015. Automotive royalties represented just over 10% of revenue in 2014, and grew to nearly 15% of revenue in 2015, primarily as a result of the acquisition of iBiquity. The overall increase in revenue was also due to a 3% increase in network-connected markets, driven primarily by increased royalties from mobile and TV. Network-connected markets approached 50% of revenue in both 2015 and 2014. These increases were partially offset by a decrease from Blu-ray related royalties, down 10%, and a decrease in royalties from home AV markets, which were down 9%, as network-connected devices become more mainstream. We expect to see continued growth from the network-connected and automotive markets, as we expand our footprint in terms of both products and geographies served.
Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013

Excluding royalty recoveries, the increase in revenue was primarily attributable to increased royalties from network-connected markets, which were up 16%. These royalties approached 50% of total revenue for 2014, and were approximately

42


45% of total revenue for 2013. The increase in royalties from network-connected markets was primarily driven by increased royalties from TV. The increase was also driven by growth from Blu-ray related royalties, up 17%, which was largely the result of the success of the new game console cycle that launched in late 2013 and continued throughout 2014. Blu-ray related royalties comprised over 20% of revenue for both 2014 and 2013. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in royalties from home AV markets, which were down 12%, as network-connected devices become more mainstream. Home AV royalties represented less than 15% of revenue for both 2014 and 2013.

Gross Profit

 
Years Ended December 31,
 
Percentage point
change in gross
margin
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
2015 vs.
2014
 
2014 vs.
2013
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
 
($ in thousands)
Gross Profit
$
123,132

 
89
%
 
$
132,818

 
92
%
 
$
115,360

 
92
%
 
(3
)%
 
%

Our gross profit percentage for 2015 decreased compared to 2014 primarily as a result of amortization of new intangible assets acquired from iBiquity. Our gross profit percentage for 2014 remained relatively flat compared to 2013.

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A)

 
 
 
 
 
Change
relative to
prior year
 
SG&A
Expenses
 
Percent of
Revenues
 
Years Ended December 31,
$
 
%
 
($ in thousands)
2015
$
92,276

 
67%
 
$
13,706

 
17
 %
2014
$
78,570

 
55%
 
$
(1,183
)
 
(1
)%
2013
$
79,753

 
64%
 
 

 
 


Year Ended December 31, 2015 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2014

The increase in SG&A was primarily due to $12.9 million of costs incurred in connection with the acquisition of iBiquity. Such costs included severance and other employee related costs, legal fees, other professional fees and other administrative costs. Additionally, salary expense was higher in the fourth quarter of 2015 due to higher headcount from the acquisition.
Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013

The decrease in SG&A was primarily due to decreases in professional services fees and advertising and related activities for brand marketing and tradeshows. These decreases were partially offset by increases in employee related costs, which resulted primarily from increased accruals for estimated incentive compensation.

Research and Development (R&D)

 
 
 
 
 
Change
relative to
prior year
 
R&D
Expenses
 
Percent of
Revenues
 
Years Ended December 31,
$
 
%
 
($ in thousands)
2015
$
42,985

 
31%
 
$
5,687

 
15
%
2014
$
37,298

 
26%
 
$
6,153

 
20
%
2013
$
31,145

 
25%
 
 

 
 



43


Year Ended December 31, 2015 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2014

The increase in R&D was primarily due to $3.6 million of costs incurred in connection with the acquisition of iBiquity. Such costs included severance costs and other employee related costs. Additionally, salary expense was higher in the fourth quarter of 2015 due to higher headcount from the acquisition.
Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013

The increase in R&D was primarily due to an increase in employee related costs, largely due to increased accruals for estimated incentive compensation, as well as consultant expenses to support our new programs and initiatives.

Change in Fair Value of Contingent Consideration

For the year ended December 31, 2015, we recorded a decrease to the fair value of the contingent consideration associated with the Phorus acquisition based on the determination of the final milestone payout, resulting in a gain of $0.4 million.

For the year ended December 31, 2014, we recorded an increase to the fair value of the contingent consideration, resulting in a loss of $0.4 million. This change in the fair value was due to improved forecasts as well as the passage of time. Offsetting the increased liability was a payout in the fourth quarter of 2014 of $0.5 million as a result of a milestone achievement.

For additional information refer to Note 4, "Fair Value Measurements."

Interest and Other Expense, Net

 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2015 vs. 2014
Change
 
2014 vs. 2013
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
($ in thousands)
Interest and other expense, net
$
(2,255
)
 
$
(413
)
 
$
(521
)
 
$
(1,842
)
 
(446
)%
 
$
108

 
21
%

Interest and other expense, net increased in 2015 compared to 2014 primarily due to higher interest expense on our new credit facility, which we entered into on October 1, 2015 in connection with the iBiquity acquisition. For additional information, refer to Note 9, "Long-term Debt." The slight decrease in 2014 compared to 2013 was primarily due to a gain from the sale of certain other assets in 2014.

Income Taxes

 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
($ in thousands)
Benefit for income taxes
$
(1,663
)
 
$
(11,006
)
 
$
(8,634
)
Effective tax rate
12
%
 
(68
)%
 
(121
)%

The effective tax rate for 2015 differed from the US statutory rate of 35% primarily due to non-creditable foreign withholding taxes, unrecognized tax benefits, non-deductible transaction costs and the effect of varying foreign tax rates, partially offset by foreign tax credits not utilized and federal and state research development tax credits.

The effective tax rate for 2014 differed from the US statutory rate of 35% primarily due to a net tax benefit associated with the transfer of intellectual property licensing rights to the US and a tax benefit associated with the settlement of our 2009 to 2011 federal tax audit with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

The effective tax rate for 2013 differed from the US statutory rate primarily due to the release of the valuation allowance on US federal deferred tax assets and the favorable settlement of both our 2003, 2005 and 2006 federal tax audit with the IRS and 2004 and 2005 state tax audit with the Franchise Tax Board.


44


Due in part to the transfer of certain Japan and Taiwan intellectual property rights discussed in Note 11, "Income Taxes," we expect our annualized effective tax rate before discrete items to be lower than the US statutory rate for the foreseeable future.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At December 31, 2015, we had cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments of $61.9 million, compared to $99.4 million at December 31, 2014. At December 31, 2015, $49.3 million of cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments was held by our foreign subsidiaries. If these funds are needed for our operations in the US, they would be subject to US federal and state income taxes, less applicable foreign tax credits. However, our intent is to permanently reinvest funds outside of the US and our current plans do not demonstrate a need to repatriate them to fund our US operations.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $4.2 million, $41.1 million, $21.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Cash flows from operating activities were impacted by income (loss) from operations, adjusted for non-cash items, including stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, and the effect of changes in working capital and other operating activities. The operating cash flows for 2015 were also impacted by the payment of an employee incentive plan acquired from iBiquity and the timing of collection of certain accounts receivable balances. The operating cash flows for 2014 and 2013 were also impacted by the timing of collections of accounts receivable balances relating to royalty recoveries and accruals and payments for certain operating liabilities, including incentive compensation.

We typically use cash in investing activities to purchase office equipment, fixtures, computer hardware and software, and engineering and certification equipment, for securing patent and trademark protection for our proprietary technology and brand names, and to purchase investments such as corporate bonds. Net cash used in investing activities totaled $169.7 million for 2015, which resulted primarily from cash paid to acquire iBiquity, as well as purchases of available-for-sale investments, partially offset by maturities of available-for-sale investments. Net cash used in investing activities totaled $1.1 million for 2014, which resulted primarily from cash paid for business acquisitions, intangible assets and property and equipment, partially offset by investment maturities. Net cash provided by investing activities totaled $10.5 million for 2013 which resulted primarily from investment maturities, partially offset by purchases of investments and property and equipment.

Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $118.3 million for 2015, which resulted primarily from the proceeds from long-term borrowings used for the iBiquity acquisition, partially offset by the early repayment of a previous loan, and purchases of treasury stock. Net cash used in financing activities totaled $6.6 million for 2014, which resulted primarily from repayment of long-term borrowings and purchases of treasury stock, partially offset by proceeds from long-term borrowings and the issuance of common stock under stock-based compensation plans, including related tax benefits. Net cash used in financing activities totaled $23.7 million for 2013, which were primarily purchases of treasury stock, partially offset by proceeds from the issuance of common stock under stock-based compensation plans, including related tax benefits.

Credit Agreement

On October 1, 2015, we entered into a new credit agreement, which provides us with (i) a $50.0 million revolving line of credit (the "Revolver") and (ii) a $125.0 million secured term loan (the "Term Loan"). We borrowed $125.0 million under the Term Loan and $35.0 million under the Revolver. The proceeds were used on October 1, 2015, together with cash and cash equivalents, to (i) finance the Merger and (ii) repay the $25.0 million of debt outstanding under our previous credit agreement, dated September 29, 2014. All advances under the Revolver will become due and payable on October 1, 2020 or earlier in the event of a default. $5.5 million of the principal amount of the Term Loan will be due and payable in quarterly installments starting on March 31, 2016, with the remaining balance due and payable on October 1, 2020. For additional information, refer to Note 9, "Long-term Debt."

We anticipate that repayment of the credit agreement will be satisfied with our future available cash and cash equivalents and operating cash flows, by renewing the credit facility, or by entering into a new credit facility. As of and during the year ended December 31, 2015 we were in compliance with all loan covenants.
Repurchases of Common Stock

In February 2012, our Board of Directors authorized, subject to certain business and market conditions, the purchase of up to 2.0 million shares of our common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. Through the fourth quarter of 2013, all shares of common stock under this authorization were repurchased for an aggregate of $39.4 million.


45


In February 2014, our Board of Directors authorized, subject to certain business and market conditions, the purchase of up to 2.0 million shares of our common stock in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. Through December 31, 2015, 1.0 million shares of common stock under this authorization were repurchased for an aggregate cost of $26.6 million.

Working Capital and Capital Expenditure Requirements

We believe that our cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and cash flows from operations will be sufficient to satisfy our working capital and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next twelve months. Additionally, under our new credit agreement, we currently have $15.0 million unused on the Revolver and may request additional term loans and increases to the Revolver in an aggregate principal amount up to $50.0 million.

Changes in our operating plans, including lower than anticipated revenues, increased expenses, acquisitions of businesses, products or technologies or other events, including those described in "Risk Factors" included elsewhere herein and in other filings, may cause us to seek additional debt or equity financing on an accelerated basis. Financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all, particularly if there is a lack of confidence in the financial markets and limited availability of capital and demand for debt and equity securities. Our failure to raise capital when needed could negatively impact our growth plans and our financial condition and results of operations. Additional equity financing may be dilutive to the holders of our common stock and additional debt financing, if available, and may involve significant cash payment obligations and financial or operational covenants that restrict our ability to operate our business.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Refer to "Recent Accounting Pronouncements" in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

Future payments due under long-term debt and non-cancelable lease obligations as of December 31, 2015 were (in thousands):

 
Payments due by period
 
Less than
1 year
 
1 - 3
years
 
3 - 5
years
 
More than
5 years
 
Total
Long-term debt(1)
$
21,875

 
$
43,750

 
$
94,375

 
$

 
$
160,000

Operating leases
$
3,662

 
$
5,416

 
$
4,047

 
$
2,063

 
$
15,188

_______________________________________________________________________________
 
(1)
Under our credit agreement, our long-term debt bears a variable interest rate, and we are required to pay an annual commitment fee on the unused portion of the Revolver (refer to Note 9, "Long-Term Debt").

Purchase orders or contracts for the purchase of other goods and services are not included in the table above. We are not able to determine the aggregate amount of such purchase orders that represent contractual obligations, as purchase orders may represent authorizations to purchase rather than binding agreements. Our purchase orders are typically based on our current needs and are typically fulfilled by our vendors within short time horizons.

As of December 31, 2015, our total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits was $19.5 million before netting with deferred tax assets for tax credit carryforwards and is considered a long-term obligation. We are currently unable to make reasonably reliable estimates of the periods of cash settlements associated with these obligations.

As of December 31, 2015, we have accrued $0.4 million of payments due under certain contractual rights arrangements. Additionally, under existing contractual rights arrangements, we may be obligated to pay up to approximately $8.1 million over an estimated period of five years if certain milestones are achieved.


46


Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market risk represents the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and foreign exchange rates. There have been no material changes in our market risks for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the prior year, except for our interest rate risk relating to our new credit facility, entered into on October 1, 2015, as described below.

Interest Rate Risk

Our interest rate risk relates primarily to interest expense on our debt and interest income from investments. As of December 31, 2015, a one percentage point change in interest rates on our debt throughout a one-year period would have an annual effect of approximately $1.6 million on our income before income taxes. Our interest income is sensitive to changes in the general level of US interest rates, particularly since a significant portion of our investments were, and may in the future be, in short-term and long-term marketable securities, US government securities and corporate bonds. As of December 31, 2015, a one percentage point change in interest rates for our cash and investments throughout a one-year period would have an annual effect of approximately $0.6 million on our income before income taxes.

Exchange Rate Risk

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we derived approximately 80% of our revenues from sales outside the US and maintain research and development, sales, marketing, or business development offices in several foreign countries. Therefore, our results could be negatively affected by factors such as changes in foreign currency exchange rates, trade protection measures, longer accounts receivable collection patterns, and changes in regional or worldwide economic or political conditions. The risks of our international operations are mitigated in part by the extent to which our revenues are denominated in US dollars and, accordingly, we are not exposed to significant foreign currency risk on these items. We do have limited foreign currency risk on certain revenues and operating expenses such as salaries and overhead costs of our foreign operations and a small amount of cash maintained by these operations. Revenues denominated in foreign currencies accounted for approximately 1% of total revenues during 2015. Operating expenses, including cost of revenue, for our foreign subsidiaries were approximately $24.4 million in 2015. Based on these expenses for 2015, a 10% or greater change in foreign currency rates throughout a one-year period could have a material impact on our income before income taxes.

Our international business is subject to risks, including, but not limited to, differing economic conditions, changes in political climate, differing tax structures, other regulations and restrictions, and foreign exchange rate volatility when compared to the US dollar. Accordingly, our future results could be materially impacted by changes in these or other factors.

We are also affected by exchange rate fluctuations as the financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into the US dollar in consolidation. As exchange rates vary, these results, when translated, may vary from expectations and could adversely or positively impact overall profitability. During 2015, the impact of foreign exchange rate fluctuations related to translation of our foreign subsidiaries' financial statements was immaterial to our consolidated financial statements.

47


Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

DTS, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


48


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of DTS, Inc.
Calabasas, California
 
       We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of DTS, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Our audit also included the financial statement schedule for the year ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 listed in the Index at Item 15. These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audit.

        We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of DTS, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, such financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

As discussed in Notes 1 and 6 to the consolidated financial statements, on October 1, 2015 the Company completed the acquisition of iBiquity Digital Corporation pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated August 31, 2015.

        We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015, based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 7, 2016 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Los Angeles, California
March 7, 2016



49


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of DTS, Inc.
Calabasas, California

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of DTS, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting at iBiquity Digital Corporation, which was acquired on October 1, 2015 and whose financial statements constitute approximately 54% of total assets and 3% of revenues of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. Accordingly, our audit did not include the internal control over financial reporting at iBiquity Digital Corporation. The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Annual Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the company’s board of directors, management, and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2015, based on the criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015 of the Company and our report dated March 7, 2016 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements and financial statement schedule and included an explanatory paragraph regarding the acquisition of iBiquity Digital Corporation on October 1, 2015.

/s/ DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP
Los Angeles, California
March 7, 2016


50


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

Board of Directors and Stockholders
DTS, Inc.

We have audited the consolidated balance sheet of DTS, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2013 (not presented herein), and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended. Our audit of the basic consolidated financial statements included the financial statement schedule for the year ended December 31, 2013 listed in the index appearing under Item 15. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of DTS, Inc. as of December 31, 2013, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP
Irvine, California
March 20, 2014




51


DTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
As of December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
52,208

 
$
99,435

Short-term investments
9,657

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $541 and $143 at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
12,454

 
12,364

Deferred income taxes

 
12,095

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
5,855

 
5,892

Income taxes receivable
4,130

 
3,925

Total current assets
84,304

 
133,711

Property and equipment, net
29,022

 
27,089

Intangible assets, net
157,936

 
48,543

Goodwill
108,726

 
50,356

Deferred income taxes
24,018

 
26,176

Other long-term assets
3,934

 
2,395

Total assets
$
407,940

 
$
288,270

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
5,979

 
$
4,492

Accrued expenses
22,960

 
16,761

Deferred revenue
5,711

 
10,827

Income taxes payable
123

 
294

Current portion of long-term debt
21,486

 
5,000

Total current liabilities
56,259

 
37,374

Long-term debt
136,666

 
20,000

Other long-term liabilities
9,983

 
11,993

Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)


 


Stockholders' equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock—$0.0001 par value, 5,000 shares authorized at December 31, 2015 and 2014; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock—$0.0001 par value, 70,000 shares authorized at December 31, 2015 and 2014; 21,988 and 21,440 shares issued at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively; 17,321 and 17,373 shares outstanding at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively
3

 
3

Additional paid-in capital
258,660

 
241,053

Treasury stock, at cost—4,667 and 4,067 at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively
(111,331
)
 
(92,184
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
778

 
808

Retained earnings
56,922

 
69,223

Total stockholders' equity
205,032

 
218,903

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
407,940

 
$
288,270

   

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

52


DTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Revenue
$
138,209

 
$
143,913

 
$
125,148

Cost of revenue
15,077

 
11,095

 
9,788

Gross profit
123,132

 
132,818

 
115,360

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

Selling, general and administrative
92,276

 
78,570

 
79,753

Research and development
42,985

 
37,298

 
31,145

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
(420
)
 
400

 
(6,000
)
Impairment of intangible assets

 

 
2,820

Total operating expenses
134,841

 
116,268

 
107,718

Operating income (loss)
(11,709
)
 
16,550

 
7,642

Interest and other expense, net
(2,255
)
 
(413
)
 
(521
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
(13,964
)
 
16,137

 
7,121

Benefit for income taxes
(1,663
)
 
(11,006
)
 
(8,634
)
Net income (loss)
$
(12,301
)
 
$
27,143

 
$
15,755

Net income (loss) per common share:
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
(0.71
)
 
$
1.58

 
$
0.87

Diluted
$
(0.71
)
 
$
1.55

 
$
0.86

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
17,396

 
17,180

 
18,097

Diluted
17,396

 
17,561

 
18,334

   

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

53


DTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(Amounts in thousands)

 
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 Net income (loss)
$
(12,301
)
 
$
27,143

 
$
15,755

 Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net

 

 
94

Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities and other, net
(30
)
 
61

 
(6
)
 Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
(12,331
)
 
$
27,204

 
$
15,843


   
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

54


DTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(Amounts in thousands)

 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2012
18,208

 
$
3

 
$
213,787

 
$
(59,848
)
 
$
659

 
$
26,325

 
$
180,926

Exercise of options and related tax shortfall of $2,090
27

 

 
(1,673
)
 

 

 

 
(1,673
)
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
161

 

 
2,059

 

 

 

 
2,059

Restricted stock award forfeitures and shares withheld for taxes
(8
)
 

 
(929
)
 

 

 

 
(929
)
Restricted stock unit vesting
82

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation charge

 

 
11,727

 

 

 

 
11,727

Stock repurchases
(1,191
)
 

 

 
(24,841
)
 

 

 
(24,841
)
Net income

 

 

 

 

 
15,755

 
15,755

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
88

 

 
88

Balance at December 31, 2013
17,279

 
$
3

 
$
224,971

 
$
(84,689
)
 
$
747

 
$
42,080

 
$
183,112

Exercise of options and related tax shortfall of $310
206

 

 
4,174

 

 

 

 
4,174

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
172

 

 
2,233

 

 

 

 
2,233

Shares withheld for taxes

 

 
(817
)
 

 

 

 
(817
)
Restricted stock unit vesting
90

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation charge

 

 
10,492

 

 

 

 
10,492

Stock repurchases
(374
)
 

 

 
(7,495
)
 

 

 
(7,495
)
Net income

 

 

 

 

 
27,143

 
27,143

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
61

 

 
61

Balance at December 31, 2014
17,373

 
$
3

 
$
241,053

 
$
(92,184
)
 
$
808

 
$
69,223

 
$
218,903

Exercise of options and related tax shortfall of $733
319

 

 
5,631

 

 

 

 
5,631

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
119

 

 
2,623

 

 

 

 
2,623

Shares withheld for taxes

 

 
(2,913
)
 

 

 

 
(2,913
)
Restricted stock unit vesting
110

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation charge

 

 
12,266

 

 

 

 
12,266

Stock repurchases
(600
)
 

 

 
(19,147
)
 

 

 
(19,147
)
Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(12,301
)
 
(12,301
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(30
)
 

 
(30
)
Balance at December 31, 2015
17,321

 
$
3

 
$
258,660

 
$
(111,331
)
 
$
778

 
$
56,922

 
$
205,032



See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

55


DTS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Amounts in thousands)

 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
$
(12,301
)
 
$
27,143

 
$
15,755

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
17,692

 
14,404

 
15,399

Stock-based compensation charges
12,266

 
10,492

 
11,727

Deferred income taxes
1,288

 
(14,740
)
 
(14,849
)
Tax benefits (shortfalls) from stock-based awards

 
(310
)
 
(2,090
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards

 
(518
)
 
(67
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
(420
)
 
400

 
(6,000
)
Impairment of intangible assets

 

 
2,820

Amortization of debt issuance costs
888

 

 

Other
680

 
117

 
858

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business acquisitions:
 

 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
12,992

 
(377
)
 
(2,474
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
1,128

 
(1,799
)
 
(980
)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
4,026

 
6,600

 
(3,568
)
Deferred revenue
(6,135
)
 
459

 
2,603

Income taxes receivable/payable
(8,651
)
 
(805
)
 
2,281

Payment of iBiquity employee incentive plan
(19,288
)
 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities
$
4,165

 
$
41,066

 
$
21,415

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Purchases of available-for-sale investments
(34,666
)
 

 
(4,974
)
Maturities of available-for-sale investments
22,300

 
5,000

 
19,184

Sales of available-for-sale investments
6,502

 

 

Cash paid for business acquisitions, net
(156,563
)
 
(3,200
)
 

Sale of other assets

 
725

 

Purchases of property and equipment
(4,275
)
 
(1,579
)
 
(2,766
)
Purchases of intangible assets
(2,675
)