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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to
Commission File Number: 001-35481
RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
 
42-1579325
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2021 Spring Road, Suite 200, Oak Brook, Illinois 60523
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(630) 634-4200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
RPAI
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
 
Title of class
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No x
As of June 28, 2019, the aggregate market value of the Class A common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $2.5 billion based upon the closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on June 28, 2019 of $11.76 per share. (For this computation, the Registrant has excluded the market value of all shares of Class A common stock reported as beneficially owned by executive officers and directors of the Registrant. Such exclusion shall not be deemed to constitute an admission that any such person is an affiliate of the Registrant.)
Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of February 14, 2020:
Class A common stock:    213,950,261 shares
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Certain information contained in the Registrant’s Proxy Statement relating to its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 28, 2020 is incorporated by reference in Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III. The Registrant intends to file such Proxy Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than 120 days after the end of its fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.


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RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

PART I
All dollar amounts and share amounts in this Form 10-K in Items 1. through 7A. are stated in thousands with the exception of per share, per square foot and per unit amounts. In this report, all references to “we,” “our” and “us” refer collectively to Retail Properties of America, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
General
Retail Properties of America, Inc. is a real estate investment trust (REIT) that owns and operates high quality, strategically located open-air shopping centers, including properties with a mixed-use component. As of December 31, 2019, we owned 104 retail operating properties in the United States representing 19,972,000 square feet of gross leasable area (GLA) and had three active expansion and redevelopment projects. Our retail operating portfolio includes (i) neighborhood and community centers, (ii) power centers, and (iii) lifestyle centers and multi-tenant retail-focused mixed-use properties, as well as single-user retail properties.
The following table summarizes our portfolio as of December 31, 2019:
Property Type
 
Number of
Properties
 
GLA
(in thousands)
 
Occupancy
 
Percent Leased
Including Leases
Signed (a)
Retail operating portfolio:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Multi-tenant retail:
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
Neighborhood and community centers
 
63

 
10,244

 
95.5
%
 
96.8
%
Power centers
 
23

 
4,922

 
96.2
%
 
96.8
%
Lifestyle centers and mixed-use properties (b)
 
16

 
4,545

 
93.4
%
 
94.0
%
Total multi-tenant retail
 
102

 
19,711

 
95.2
%
 
96.2
%
Single-user retail
 
2

 
261

 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Total retail operating properties
 
104

 
19,972

 
95.2
%
 
96.2
%
Expansion and redevelopment projects:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Circle East (c)
 
1

 


 
 
 
 
One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H (d)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Carillon
 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total number of properties
 
106

 
 
 
 
 
 
(a)
Includes leases signed but not commenced.
(b)
Excludes the 18 multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago. As of December 31, 2019, 14 multi-family rental units were leased at an average monthly rental rate per unit of $1,309.
(c)
The redevelopment at Circle East is no longer combined with our neighboring property Towson Square, which increased our property count within expansion and redevelopment projects by one. There was no change to the property count of lifestyle centers and mixed-use properties as Towson Square remains within our retail operating portfolio.
(d)
The operating portion of this property is included in the property count of lifestyle centers and mixed-use properties within our retail operating portfolio.
Operating History
We are a Maryland corporation formed in March 2003 and have been publicly held and subject to U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reporting requirements since 2003. We were initially formed as Inland Western Retail Real Estate Trust, Inc. and on March 8, 2012, we changed our name to Retail Properties of America, Inc.
Business Objectives and Strategies
In 2012, we adopted a strategic plan to transform our portfolio, through asset sales and strategic acquisitions, to focus on high quality, multi-tenant retail properties located in targeted markets where demographic trends and expanding employment would result in long-term, structural earnings growth. We completed this transformation and are now a prominent owner of multi-tenant retail properties, many with a mixed-use component, primarily located in the following markets: Dallas, Washington, D.C./Baltimore, New York, Chicago, Seattle, Atlanta, Houston, San Antonio, Phoenix and Austin.

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As a result of these efforts, our portfolio is better focused in markets with improved growth prospects, which we believe will translate into durable earnings growth. Since our inaugural investor day in June 2013, we have (i) improved our retail annualized base rent (ABR) by 35% to $19.52 per square foot as of December 31, 2019 from $14.46 per square foot as of March 31, 2013, (ii) increased our concentration in lifestyle and mixed-use properties based on multi-tenant retail ABR by 1,900 basis points to 35% as of December 31, 2019 from 16% as of March 31, 2013, (iii) reduced our top 20 retail tenant concentration of total ABR by 1,160 basis points to 26.3% as of December 31, 2019 from 37.9% as of March 31, 2013, and (iv) reduced our indebtedness by 37% to $1,632,904 as of December 31, 2019 from $2,601,912 as of March 31, 2013. Additionally, as of December 31, 2019, approximately 87.7% of our multi-tenant retail ABR was generated in the top 25 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), as determined by the United States Census Bureau and ranked based on the most recently available population estimates.
We are primarily focused on growing our portfolio organically through (i) accretive leasing activity and (ii) mixed-use expansion and redevelopment projects. During 2019, we recorded a series of accomplishments in each of these primary areas of focus.
Our 2019 leasing activity was accretive as we signed 498 new and renewal leases across 3,255,000 square feet of GLA for a blended comparable re-leasing spread of 8.1%, achieving positive comparable cash leasing spreads of 19.7% on signed new leases and 5.3% on signed renewal leases. This 2019 signed leasing activity represents approximately 16% of our portfolio GLA, just shy of our record high of approximately 17% achieved in 2018. These signings helped us achieve record highs in a number of leasing, occupancy and ABR statistics as of December 31, 2019, including (i) retail portfolio occupancy of 95.2%, (ii) retail portfolio percent leased, including leases signed but not commenced, of 96.2%, (iii) retail anchor tenant occupancy of 97.6% and (iv) retail anchor tenant percent leased, including leases signed but not commenced, of 98.8%, as well as retail portfolio ABR per occupied square foot of $19.52. During 2019, we also achieved average annual contractual rent increases on signed new leases of approximately 180 basis points.
Our active and near-term expansion and redevelopment projects consist of approximately $372,000 to $407,000 of expected investment through 2022, equivalent to approximately 12% of the net book value of our investment properties as of December 31, 2019. These predominantly mixed use-focused projects include the redevelopments at Circle East and phase one at Carillon, the expansion projects of Pads G & H at One Loudoun Downtown and site and building reconfiguration at The Shoppes at Quarterfield as well as the vacant pad development at Southlake Town Square. Our current portfolio of assets contains numerous additional projects in the longer-term pipeline, including, among others, future phases at Carillon, additional pad developments at One Loudoun Downtown, pad developments and expansions at Main Street Promenade and Downtown Crown, and future projects at Merrifield Town Center, Tysons Corner, Southlake Town Square, Lakewood Towne Center and One Loudoun Uptown.
During 2019, we invested $29,470 in our expansion and redevelopment projects and recorded several milestones. We placed the redevelopment of the multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago, our first multi-family rental redevelopment, in service. At Carillon, we executed a joint venture agreement for the medical office building component at phase one of the project and completed demolition work on approximately 290,000 square feet of vacant retail GLA. We also broke ground on Pads G & H at One Loudoun Downtown. Lastly, we signed our first lease at the Circle East redevelopment with a prominent fast casual restaurant operator.
Competition
In seeking new investment opportunities, we compete with other real estate investors, including other REITs, pension funds, insurance companies, foreign investors, real estate partnerships, private equity funds, private individuals and other real estate companies.
From an operational perspective, we compete with other property owners on a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, location, visibility, quality and aesthetic value of construction, and strength and name recognition of tenants. These factors combine to determine the level of occupancy and rental rates that we are able to achieve at our properties. Because our revenue potential is linked to the success of retailers, we indirectly share exposure to the same competitive factors that our retail tenants experience when trying to attract customers. These factors include other forms of retailing, including e-commerce and direct consumer sales, and general competition from other shopping centers. To remain competitive, we evaluate all of the factors affecting our centers and work to position them accordingly. We believe the principal factors that retailers consider in making their leasing decisions include:
local consumer demographics;
quality, design and location of properties;
diversity and perceived quality of retailers within individual shopping centers;

2

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management and operational expertise of the landlord; and
rental rates.
Based on these factors, we believe that the size and scope of our property portfolio and operating platform, as well as the overall quality and attractiveness of our individual properties, enable us to compete effectively for retail tenants. We believe that our geographically focused strategy enhances our ability to drive revenue growth by more thoroughly understanding the local market dynamics and by increasing our market relevancy.
Tax Status
We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that we annually distribute to our shareholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gains. As a REIT, we generally are not subject to U.S. federal income tax on the taxable income we distribute to our shareholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the generally applicable corporate tax rate. Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain state and local taxes on our income, property or net worth and U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed income. We have one wholly owned consolidated subsidiary that has jointly elected to be treated as a taxable REIT subsidiary, or TRS, for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A TRS is taxed on its net income at the generally applicable corporate tax rate. The income tax expense incurred through the TRS has not had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Regulation
General
The properties in our portfolio, including common areas, are subject to various laws, ordinances and regulations.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Our properties must comply with Title III of the ADA to the extent that such properties are “public accommodations” as defined by the ADA. The ADA may require removal of structural barriers to allow access by persons with disabilities in certain public areas of our properties where such removal is readily achievable. We believe our existing properties are substantially in compliance with the ADA and that we will not be required to incur significant capital expenditures to address the requirements of the ADA. Refer to Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information regarding compliance with the ADA.
Environmental Matters
Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, as a current or former owner or operator of real property, we may be liable for costs and damages resulting from the presence or release of hazardous or toxic substances at, on, in, under or from such property, including costs for investigation, remediation, natural resource damages or third party liability. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence or release of such materials, and the liability may be joint and several.
Independent environmental consultants conducted Phase I Environmental Site Assessments or similar environmental audits for all of our investment properties. A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment is a written report that identifies existing or potential environmental conditions associated with a particular property. These environmental site assessments generally involve a review of records and visual inspection of the property, but do not include soil sampling or ground water analysis. These environmental site assessments have not revealed, nor are we aware of, any environmental liability that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our operations. Refer to Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information regarding environmental matters.
Insurance
We carry comprehensive liability and property insurance coverage inclusive of fire, extended coverage, earthquakes, terrorism and loss of income insurance covering all of the properties in our portfolio under a blanket policy. We believe the policy specifications and insured limits are appropriate given the relative risk of loss, the cost of the coverage and industry practice. We believe that the properties in our portfolio are adequately insured. Terrorism insurance is carried on all properties in an amount and with deductibles that we believe are commercially reasonable. Refer to Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for more information. The terrorism insurance is

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subject to exclusions for loss or damage caused by nuclear substances, pollutants, contaminants and biological and chemical weapons. Insurance coverage is not provided for losses attributable to riots or certain acts of God.
Employees
As of December 31, 2019, we had 215 employees.
Access to Company Information
We make available, free of charge, through our website and by responding to requests addressed to our investor relations group, our Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K including exhibits and all amendments to those reports and proxy statements filed or furnished pursuant to 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These reports are available as soon as reasonably practical after such material is electronically filed or furnished to the SEC. Our website address is www.rpai.com. The information contained on our website, or other websites linked to our website, is not part of this document. Our reports may also be obtained by accessing the EDGAR database at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
Shareholders wishing to communicate directly with our board of directors or any committee thereof can do so by writing to the attention of the Board of Directors or applicable committee in care of Retail Properties of America, Inc. at 2021 Spring Road, Suite 200, Oak Brook, Illinois 60523.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
In evaluating our company, careful consideration should be given to the following risk factors, in addition to the other information included in this annual report. Each of these risk factors could adversely affect our business operating results and/or financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of our common stock or unsecured debt. In addition to the following disclosures, please refer to the other information contained in this report including the accompanying consolidated financial statements and the related notes.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND OUR PROPERTIES
There are inherent risks associated with real estate investments and the real estate industry, any of which could have an adverse impact on our financial performance and the value of our properties.
Real estate investments are subject to various risks, many of which are beyond our control. Our operating and financial performance and the value of our properties can be affected by many of these risks, including, but not limited to, the following:
national, regional and local economies, which may be negatively impacted by inflation, deflation, government deficits, high unemployment rates, severe weather or other natural disasters, decreased consumer confidence, industry slowdowns, reduced corporate profits, lack of liquidity and other adverse business conditions;
local real estate conditions, such as an oversupply of retail space or a reduction in demand for retail space, resulting in vacancies or compromising our ability to rent space on favorable terms;
the perception by retailers or customers of the convenience, quality and safety of our properties compared to competing retail properties and other retailing platforms such as the internet;
adverse changes in the financial condition of tenants at our properties, including financial difficulties, lease defaults or bankruptcies;
competition for investment opportunities from other real estate investors with significant capital, including other REITs, real estate operating companies and institutional investment funds;
the illiquid nature of real estate investments, which may limit our ability to sell properties at the terms desired or at terms favorable to us;
fluctuations in interest rates and the availability of financing, which could adversely affect our ability and the ability of potential buyers and tenants at our properties to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all;
changes in, and changes in the enforcement of, laws, regulations and governmental policies, including, without limitation, health, safety, environmental, zoning and tax laws, government fiscal policies and the ADA; and

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civil unrest, acts of war, terrorist attacks and natural disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes and floods, which may result in uninsured and underinsured losses.
During a period of economic slowdown or recession, or the public perception that such a period may occur, declining demand for real estate could result in a general decline in rents and/or an increase in the number of defaults among our existing tenants, and, consequently, our properties may fail to generate revenues sufficient to meet operating, debt service and other expenses. As a result, we may have to borrow funds to cover fixed costs and our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. As such, the per share trading price of our Class A common stock, the market price of our debt securities and our ability to satisfy our principal and interest obligations and make distributions to our shareholders may be adversely affected.
Our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by poor economic or market conditions where our properties are located, especially in markets where we have a high concentration of properties.
The economic conditions in markets where our properties are concentrated greatly influence our financial condition and results of operations. We are particularly susceptible to adverse economic and other developments in such areas, including increased unemployment, industry slowdowns, corporate layoffs or downsizing, relocations of businesses, decreased consumer confidence, adverse changes in demographics, increases in real estate and other taxes, increased regulation and natural disasters. As of December 31, 2019, approximately 83.7% of our GLA and approximately 87.4% of our ABR in our retail operating portfolio was from 15 of the top 25 MSAs, including amounts attributable to our active redevelopment projects, and we may continue to increase our concentration in these markets. Notably, approximately 34.1% of our GLA and approximately 34.6% of our ABR in our retail operating portfolio was located in the state of Texas as of December 31, 2019. In addition, approximately 15.4% of our GLA and approximately 17.4% of our ABR in our retail operating portfolio, including amounts attributable to our active redevelopment projects, was located in the Washington, D.C./Baltimore MSAs as of December 31, 2019. Poor economic or market conditions in markets where our properties are located, including those in Texas and the Washington, D.C./Baltimore MSAs, may adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
A shift in retail shopping from brick and mortar stores to online shopping may have an adverse impact on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Many retailers operating brick and mortar stores have made online sales a vital piece of their business. Although many of the retailers operating at our properties sell groceries and other necessity-based soft goods or provide services, including entertainment and dining options, the shift to online shopping may cause declines in brick and mortar sales generated by certain of our tenants and/or may cause certain of our tenants to reduce the size or number of their retail locations in the future. As a result, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
We may choose not to renew leases or be unable to renew leases, lease vacant space or re-lease space as leases expire. In addition, rents associated with new or renewed leases may be less than expiring rents or, to facilitate leasing, we may choose to provide significant lease inducements, rent abatements or incur significant capital expenditures to improve our properties, which could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Approximately 3.8% of the total GLA in our retail operating portfolio was vacant as of December 31, 2019, excluding leases signed but not commenced. In addition, as of December 31, 2019, leases accounting for approximately 34.1% of the ABR in our retail operating portfolio are scheduled to expire within the next three years. We may choose not to renew leases based on various strategic factors such as operating strength of the occupying tenant, its retail category, merchandising composition of the property, other leasing opportunities available to us or redevelopment plans for the property. In our efforts to lease space, we compete with numerous developers, owners and operators of retail properties, many of whom own properties similar to, and in the same sub-markets as, our properties. As a result, we cannot assure you that leases will be renewed or that current or future vacancies will be re-leased at rental rates equal to or above the current average rental rates without significant down time, or that substantial lease inducements, rent abatements, tenant improvements, early termination and co-tenancy rights or below-market renewal options will not be offered to attract new tenants or retain existing tenants. Additionally, we may incur significant capital expenditures or accommodate requests for renovations and other improvements to make our properties more attractive to tenants. If we choose not to or are unable to renew existing leases, lease vacant space or re-lease space as leases expire, or if rents associated with new or renewed leases are less than expiring rents or we incur significant capital expenditures to improve our properties, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

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Our inability to collect rents from tenants or collect balances due on our leases from any tenants in bankruptcy or experiencing other significant financial hardship may negatively impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Substantially all of our income is derived from rentals of real property. If sales generated by retailers operating at our properties decline sufficiently or if tenants encounter other significant financial hardships, they may be unable to pay their existing minimum rents or other charges. Tenants may also decline to extend or renew a lease upon its expiration on terms favorable to us, or at all, or may even exercise early termination rights to the extent available. If a significant number of our tenants are unable to make their rental payments to us or otherwise meet their lease obligations, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected. In addition, although minimum rent is generally supported by long-term lease contracts, tenants who file bankruptcy have the legal right to reject any or all of their leases and close their stores. In the event that a tenant with a significant number of leases at our properties files bankruptcy and rejects its leases, we could experience a significant reduction in our revenues and we may not be able to collect all pre-petition amounts owed, which could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
If any of our anchor tenants experience a downturn in their business or terminate their leases, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Anchor tenants occupy a significant amount of the square footage and pay a significant portion of the total rent in our retail operating portfolio. Specifically, our 20 largest tenants based on ABR, many of which are anchor tenants, represent 35.6% of occupied GLA and 26.3% of ABR as of December 31, 2019. In addition, anchor tenants and “shadow” anchors, or retailers in or adjacent to our properties that occupy space we do not own, contribute to the success of other tenants by drawing customers to a property. The bankruptcy, insolvency or downturn in business of any of our anchor tenants could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
If small shop tenants are not successful and, consequently, terminate their leases, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Small shop tenants, those that occupy less than 10,000 square feet, in our retail operating portfolio represent 32.0% of occupied GLA, but 48.7% of ABR as of December 31, 2019. Such tenants may have more limited resources than larger tenants and, as a result, may be more vulnerable to negative economic conditions. If a significant number of our small shop tenants experience financial difficulties or are unable to remain open, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Many of the leases at our retail properties contain provisions, which, if triggered, may allow tenants to pay reduced rent, cease operations or terminate their leases, any of which could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Some anchor tenants have the right to cease operations, vacate their space and continue to pay rent through the end of their lease term, which inhibits our ability to re-lease the space during that period and would result in lower physical occupancy levels at the property. Additionally, many of the leases at our retail properties contain provisions that condition a tenant’s obligation to remain open, the amount of rent payable by the tenant or potentially its obligation to remain in the lease on certain factors, including (i) the presence and continued operation of a certain anchor tenant or tenants, (ii) minimum occupancy levels at the applicable property or (iii) the amount of tenant sales. If such a provision is triggered by a failure of any of these or other applicable conditions, a tenant could have the right to cease operations at the applicable property, have its rent reduced or terminate its lease early. A tenant ceasing operations as a result of these provisions could cause a decrease in customer traffic and, therefore, decreased sales for other tenants at that property. To the extent these provisions result in lower revenue, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our expenses may remain constant or increase, even if income from our properties decreases, causing our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations to be adversely affected.
Certain costs associated with our business, such as real estate taxes, state and local taxes, insurance, utilities, mortgage payments and corporate expenses, are relatively inflexible and generally do not decrease when (i) a property’s occupancy decreases, (ii) rental rates decrease, (iii) a tenant fails to pay rent or (iv) other circumstances cause our revenues to decrease. If we are unable to reduce our operating costs in response to declines in revenue, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, inflationary or other price increases could result in increased operating costs and increases in assessed values or changes in tax rates could result in increased real estate taxes for us and our tenants. The extent to which we

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are unable to fully recover such increases in operating expenses and real estate taxes from our tenants, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
We depend on external sources of capital that are outside of our control, which may affect our ability to execute on strategic opportunities, satisfy our debt obligations and make distributions to our shareholders.
In order to maintain our qualification as a REIT, under the Code, we are generally required to annually distribute to our shareholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding any net capital gains. In addition, as a REIT, we will be subject to income tax at the generally applicable corporate rate to the extent that we distribute less than 100% of our REIT taxable income, including any net capital gains. Because of these distribution requirements, we may not be able to fund future capital needs (including, among others, redevelopment and acquisition activities, payments of principal and interest on our existing debt, tenant improvements and leasing costs) from operating cash flow, and our cash flows may be insufficient to fund distributions required to maintain our qualification as a REIT as a result of differences in timing between the actual receipt of income and the recognition of income for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Consequently, we may rely on third-party sources to fund our capital needs. We may not be able to obtain the necessary capital on favorable terms, in the time period we desire, or at all. Additional debt we incur may increase our leverage, expose us to the risk of default and impose operating restrictions on us, and any additional equity we raise could be dilutive to existing shareholders. If we cannot obtain capital from third-party sources, we may be unable to acquire or redevelop properties when strategic opportunities exist, satisfy our principal and interest obligations or make cash distributions to our shareholders necessary to maintain our qualification as a REIT.
We may be unable to sell a property at the time we desire and on favorable terms or at all, which could limit our ability to access capital through dispositions and could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly. Our ability to dispose of properties on advantageous terms depends on factors beyond our control, including, among others, (i) competition from other sellers, (ii) increases in market capitalization rates and (iii) the availability of attractive financing for potential buyers of our properties, and we cannot predict the market conditions affecting real estate investments that will exist at any particular time in the future. As a result of the uncertainty of market conditions, we cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to sell properties at a profit, or at all. In addition, and subject to certain safe harbor provisions, the Code generally imposes a 100% tax on gain recognized by REITs upon the disposition of assets if the assets are held primarily for sale in the ordinary course of business rather than for investment, which may cause us to forego or defer sales of properties that otherwise would be attractive from a pre-tax perspective. Accordingly, our ability to access capital through dispositions may be limited, which could limit our ability to fund future capital needs.
We may be unable to complete acquisitions, and even if acquisitions are completed, our operating results at acquired properties may not meet our financial expectations.
We continue to evaluate the market of available properties and expect to continue to acquire properties when we believe strategic opportunities exist. Our ability to acquire properties on favorable terms or at all and successfully operate or develop them is subject to the following risks:
we may be unable to acquire a desired property because of competition from other real estate investors with substantial capital, including other REITs, real estate operating companies and institutional investment funds;
even if we are able to acquire a desired property, competition from other potential investors may significantly increase the purchase price;
we may incur significant costs and divert management’s attention in connection with the evaluation and negotiation of potential acquisitions, including ones that are subsequently not completed;
we may be unable to finance acquisitions on favorable terms and in the time period we desire, or at all;
we may be unable to quickly and efficiently integrate newly acquired properties, particularly the acquisition of portfolios of properties, into our existing operations;
we may acquire properties that are not initially accretive to our results, and we may not successfully manage and lease those properties to meet our expectations; and
we may acquire properties that are subject to liabilities with limited or no recourse to former owners with respect to unknown liabilities for clean-up of undisclosed environmental contamination, claims by tenants or other persons to former owners of the properties and claims for indemnification by general partners, directors, officers and others indemnified by the former owners of the properties.

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If we are unable to acquire properties on favorable terms, obtain financing in a timely manner and on favorable terms, or operate acquired properties to meet our financial expectations, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Joint venture investments could be adversely affected by our lack of sole decision-making authority.
As of December 31, 2019, we had entered into three joint ventures in connection with two of our expansion and redevelopment projects, One Loudoun Downtown and Carillon, and we may enter into additional joint venture arrangements in the future. Our existing joint ventures and any additional joint venture arrangements in which we may engage in the future are, or could be, subject to various risks, including the following:
lack of exclusive control over the joint venture, which may prevent us from taking actions that are in our best interest;
future capital constraints of our partners or failure of our partners to fund their share of required capital contributions, which may require us to contribute more capital than we anticipated to fund the developments and/or cover the joint venture’s liabilities;
actions by our partners that could jeopardize our REIT status, require us to pay taxes or subject the properties owned by the joint venture to liabilities greater than those contemplated by the terms of the joint venture agreements;
disputes between us and our partners may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and prevent our officers and/or directors from focusing their time and effort on our business;
joint venture agreements may require prior consent of our joint venture partners for a sale or transfer to a third party of our interest in the joint venture, which would restrict our ability to dispose of our interest in such a joint venture; and
joint venture agreements may contain buy-sell provisions pursuant to which one partner may initiate procedures requiring us to buy the other partner’s interest.
If any of the foregoing were to occur, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Development, redevelopment, expansions and pad development activities have inherent risks that could adversely impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
As of December 31, 2019, we had three active expansion and redevelopment projects, Circle East, One Loudoun Downtown and Carillon. We have invested a total of approximately $42,000 in these projects, which is net of proceeds of $11,820 from the sale of air rights at Circle East and net of contributions from our joint venture partners at One Loudoun Downtown and Carillon. These projects are at various stages of completion, and based on our current plans and estimates, we anticipate that it will require approximately $319,000 to $352,000 of additional investment from us to complete these projects. We anticipate engaging in additional development, redevelopment, expansion and pad development of commercial retail space and residential units in the future. In addition to the risks associated with real estate investments in general as described elsewhere herein, the risks associated with future development, redevelopment, expansions and pad development activities include the following:
expenditure of capital and time on projects that may never be completed;
failure or inability to obtain financing on favorable terms or at all;
inability to secure necessary zoning or regulatory approvals;
higher than estimated construction or operating costs, including labor and material costs;
inability to complete construction on schedule due to a number of factors, including (i) inclement weather, (ii) labor disruptions, (iii) construction delays, (iv) delays or failure to receive zoning or other regulatory approvals, (v) acts of terror or other acts of violence, or (vi) acts of God (such as fires, earthquakes, hurricanes or floods);
significant time lag between commencement and stabilization resulting in delayed returns and greater risks due to fluctuations in the general economy, shifts in demographics and competition;
decrease in customer traffic during the redevelopment period causing a decrease in tenant sales;
inability to secure key anchor or other tenants for commercial retail projects or complete the lease-up of residential units at anticipated absorption rates or at all;
occupancy and rental rates at a newly completed project may not meet expectations;

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loss of deposits or failure to recover expenses already incurred in connection with development opportunities we ultimately determine not to pursue; and
suspension of development projects after construction has begun due to changes in economic conditions or other factors that may result in the write-off of costs, payment of additional costs or increases in overall costs if and when the project is restarted.
If any of the above events were to occur, the development, redevelopment, expansion or pad development of the properties could hinder our growth and have an adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, new development and significant redevelopment activities, regardless of whether they are ultimately successful, typically require substantial time and attention from management.
Investment returns from our developed and redeveloped properties may be less than anticipated.
Our developed and redeveloped properties may be exposed to the following risks, among others:
we may lease properties at rental rates that are less than the rates projected at the time we decide to undertake the project;
operating expenses and construction costs may be greater than projected at the start of the project, resulting in our investment being less profitable than we expected; and
occupancy rates and rents at newly developed and redeveloped properties may fluctuate depending on a number of factors, including market and economic conditions, and may result in our investments being less profitable than we expected or not profitable at all.
We are subject to litigation that could negatively impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
From time to time, we are a defendant in lawsuits and regulatory proceedings relating to our business. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation and regulatory proceedings, we may not be able to accurately predict the ultimate outcome of any such litigation or proceedings. A significant unfavorable outcome could negatively impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
If we are found to be in breach of a ground lease at one of our properties or are unable to renew a ground lease, we could be materially and adversely affected.
As of December 31, 2019, we have six properties in our portfolio that are either completely or partially on land that is owned by third parties and leased to us pursuant to ground leases. Accordingly, we only own a long-term leasehold or similar interest in those properties. If we are found to be in breach of a ground lease and that breach cannot be cured, we could lose our interest in the improvements and the right to operate the property. In addition, unless we can purchase a fee interest in the underlying land or extend the terms of these leases before or at their expiration, as to which no assurance can be given, we will lose our interest in the improvements and the right to operate these properties. Assuming we exercise all available options to extend the terms of our ground leases, all of our ground leases will expire between 2050 and 2115. However, in certain cases, our ability to exercise such options is subject to the condition that we are not in default under the terms of the ground lease at the time we exercise such options, and we can provide no assurances that we will be able to exercise our options at such time. If we were to lose the right to operate a property due to a breach or non-renewal of the ground lease, we would be unable to derive income from such property, which could materially and adversely affect us.
Uninsured losses or losses in excess of insurance coverage could materially and adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Each tenant is responsible for insuring its goods and demised premises and, in most circumstances, is required to reimburse us for its share of the cost of acquiring comprehensive insurance for the property, including casualty, liability, fire and extended coverage customarily obtained for similar properties in amounts which have been determined as sufficient to cover reasonably foreseeable losses. Tenants with net leases typically are required to pay all insurance costs associated with their space. However, material losses may occur in excess of insurance proceeds with respect to any property and, specific to net leases, tenants may fail to obtain adequate insurance. Additionally, losses of a catastrophic nature including loss due to wars, acts of terrorism, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, wind, other natural disasters, pollution or environmental matters may be considered uninsurable or not economically insurable, or may be insured subject to limitations such as large deductibles or co-payments. In the instance of a loss that is uninsured or that exceeds policy limits, a significant portion of the capital invested in the damaged property could be lost, as well as the anticipated future revenue of the property, which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of

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operations. A variety of factors, including, among others, changes in building codes and ordinances and environmental considerations, might also make it impractical or undesirable to use insurance proceeds to replace a property after it has been damaged or destroyed. Furthermore, we may be unable to obtain adequate insurance coverage at reasonable costs in the future, as the costs associated with property and casualty renewals may be higher than anticipated.
A number of our properties are located in areas which are susceptible to, and could be significantly affected by, natural disasters that could cause significant damage. For example, many of our properties are located in coastal regions and would, therefore, be affected by any future increases in sea levels or in the frequency or severity of hurricanes and tropical storms to the extent they are located in impacted areas. In addition, some of our properties are located in regions that are especially susceptible to earthquakes.
The occurrence of terrorist acts could significantly increase the premiums paid for terrorism insurance coverage. Further, in some cases, mortgage lenders insist that specific coverage against terrorism be purchased by commercial property owners as a condition for providing mortgage loans. It is uncertain whether such insurance policies will be available, or available at reasonable costs, which could inhibit our ability to finance or refinance our properties. In such instances, we may be required to provide other financial support, either through financial assurances or self-insurance, to cover potential losses. We cannot provide assurance that we will have adequate coverage for such losses and, to the extent we are required to pay unexpectedly large amounts for insurance, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
We may incur significant costs complying with the ADA and similar laws, which could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Under the ADA, all public accommodations must meet federal requirements related to access and use by disabled persons. Although we believe the properties in our portfolio substantially comply with the present requirements of the ADA, we have not conducted an audit or investigation of all of our properties to determine our compliance, nor can we be assured that requirements will not change. The obligation to make readily achievable accommodations is an ongoing one, and we will continue to assess our properties and make alterations as appropriate in this respect. If one or more of the properties in our portfolio is not in compliance with the ADA, we would be required to incur costs to bring the property into compliance and it could result in the imposition of fines or an award of damages to private litigants. Additional federal, state and local laws may also require modifications to our properties or restrict our ability to renovate our properties. We cannot predict the ultimate cost of compliance with the ADA or other legislation. If we incur substantial costs to comply with the ADA and any other legislation, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
We may become liable with respect to contaminated property or incur costs to comply with environmental laws, which could negatively impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, as a current or former owner or operator of real property, we may be liable for costs and damages resulting from the presence or release of hazardous or toxic substances at, on, in, under or from such property, including costs for investigation, disposal, remediation, natural resource damages or third party liability. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the presence or release of such materials, and the liability may be joint and several. In addition, the presence of contamination or the failure to remediate contamination at our properties may adversely affect our ability to sell, redevelop, or lease such property or borrow funds using the property as collateral. While we complete environmental site assessments described in Item 1. “Business — Environmental Matters” at our investment properties, these assessments have a limited scope and may not reveal all potential environmental liabilities. As a result, (i) we may not be aware of all potential environmental liabilities, (ii) a previous owner or tenant may have created a material environmental condition not known to us, (iii) our properties may be affected by tenants or nearby properties or other unrelated third parties, and (iv) future uses or conditions, or changes in environmental laws and regulations may result in material environmental liabilities to us. To the extent we incur costs or liabilities as a result of environmental issues, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
We could experience a decline in the fair value of our assets, which could materially and adversely impact our results of operations.
A decline in the fair value of our assets could require us to recognize an impairment charge on such assets under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) if we were to determine that we do not have the ability and intent to hold such assets for a period of time sufficient to allow for recovery to the asset’s carrying value. If such a determination were to be made, we would recognize an impairment charge through earnings and write down the carrying value of such assets to a new cost basis based on the fair value of such assets on the date they are considered to not be recoverable. For the years ended

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December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, we recognized aggregate impairment charges related to investment properties of $12,298, $2,079 and $67,003, respectively. We may be required to recognize additional asset impairment charges in the future.
We face risks associated with security breaches through cyber attacks, cyber intrusions or otherwise, as well as other significant disruptions of our information technology (IT) networks and related systems.
We face risks associated with security breaches, whether through (i) cyber attacks or cyber intrusions, (ii) malware or ransomware, (iii) computer viruses, (iv) people with access or who gain access to our systems, and (v) other significant disruptions of our IT networks and related systems. The risk of a security breach or disruption, particularly through cyber attack or cyber intrusion, including by computer hackers, foreign governments and cyber terrorists, has generally increased as the number, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks and intrusions from around the world have increased. Our IT networks and related systems are essential to the operation of our business and our ability to perform day-to-day operations. Although we make efforts to maintain the security and integrity of our IT networks and related systems, and we have implemented various measures to manage the risk of a security breach or disruption, there can be no assurance that our security efforts and measures will be effective or that attempted security breaches or disruptions would not be successful or damaging. A security breach or other significant disruption involving our IT networks and related systems could significantly disrupt the proper functioning of our networks and systems and, as a result, disrupt our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Our success depends on key personnel whose continued service is not guaranteed.
We depend on the efforts and expertise of our senior management team to manage our day-to-day operations and strategic business direction. While we have retention agreements with the members of our executive management team that provide for certain payments in the event of a change in control or termination without cause, we do not have employment agreements with the members of our executive management team. Therefore, we cannot guarantee their continued service. The loss of their services and our inability to find suitable replacements could have an adverse effect on our operations.
Corporate responsibility, specifically related to environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, may impose additional costs and expose us to new risks.
We are focused on corporate responsibility, specifically related to environmental, social and governance factors. In addition, some investors may use these factors to guide their investment strategies, and potential and current employees, vendors and business partners may consider these factors when extending and establishing relationships with us. Third-party providers of corporate responsibility ratings and reports on companies have increased to meet growing investor demand for measurements of corporate responsibility performance. We are focused on being a responsible corporate citizen and provide disclosure regarding our existing ESG programs on our ESG microsite at www.rpaiesg.com; however, we have not completed a formal third-party assessment. We may face reputational damage in the event our corporate responsibility initiatives do not meet the standards set by various constituencies. Furthermore, should peer companies outperform us in such metrics, potential or current investors may elect to invest with our competitors instead and employees, vendors and business partners may choose not to do business with us. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations, including increased capital expenditures and/or operating expenses.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR DEBT FINANCING
We are generally subject to the risks associated with debt financing and our debt service obligations could adversely affect our financial health and operating flexibility.
Required principal and interest payments on our indebtedness reduce funds available for general business purposes and distributions to our shareholders. Our existing debt financing and debt service obligations also increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions, including increases in interest rates. In addition, as our existing debt comes due, we may be unable to refinance it on favorable terms, or at all, which could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Credit ratings may not reflect all the risks of an investment in our debt.
Our credit ratings are an assessment by rating agencies of our ability to pay our debts when due. Consequently, real or anticipated changes in our credit ratings will generally affect the market value of our publicly traded debt and our ability to access the public debt markets. Credit ratings may be revised or withdrawn at any time by a rating agency at its sole discretion. We do not undertake any obligation to maintain our ratings or advise our debt holders of any change in our ratings. There can be no assurance that we

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will be able to maintain our current credit ratings. Adverse changes in our credit ratings could impact our ability to obtain additional debt and equity financing on favorable terms, or at all, and could significantly reduce the market price of our publicly traded debt.
Our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected by financial and other covenants and provisions under the unsecured credit agreement governing our Unsecured Credit Facility or our other debt agreements.
Our Unsecured Credit Facility, which is comprised of our unsecured revolving line of credit and unsecured term loan, is governed by our unsecured credit agreement (the Unsecured Credit Agreement). Our other debt agreements include, but are not limited to, the Indenture, as supplemented, governing our Notes Due 2025 (the Indenture), the note purchase agreements governing our Notes Due 2021, 2024, 2026, 2028 and 2029 (the Note Purchase Agreements) and the credit agreements governing our Term Loans Due 2023, 2024 and 2026 (the Term Loan Agreements). The Unsecured Credit Agreement, the Indenture, the Note Purchase Agreements, the Term Loan Agreements and any future debt agreements require, or may require, compliance with certain financial and operating covenants, including, among others, the requirement to maintain maximum unencumbered, secured and consolidated leverage ratios, minimum interest, fixed charge, debt service and unencumbered interest coverage ratios, a minimum ratio of assets to unsecured debt and a minimum consolidated net worth. They also contain or may contain customary events of default, including defaults on any of our recourse indebtedness in excess of $50,000. The provisions of these agreements could limit our ability to obtain additional funds needed to address cash shortfalls or pursue growth opportunities or other accretive transactions.
In addition, our senior unsecured debt obligations, including our Unsecured Credit Facility, Notes Due 2021, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2028 and 2029 and Term Loans Due 2023, 2024 and 2026, are pari passu in priority of payment. Therefore, a breach of these covenants or other events of default would allow the lenders to require us to accelerate payment of amounts outstanding under one or all of these agreements. If payment is accelerated, our liquid assets may not be sufficient to repay such debt in full and, as a result, such an event could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Given the restrictions in our debt covenants, we may be limited in our operating and financial flexibility and in our ability to respond to changes in our business or pursue strategic opportunities in the future.
Increases in interest rates would cause our borrowing costs to rise and may limit our ability to refinance debt.
Although a significant amount of our outstanding debt has fixed interest rates, we also borrow funds at variable interest rates. As of December 31, 2019, we had $18,000 of unhedged London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR)-based variable rate debt outstanding. Increases in interest rates would increase our interest expense on any outstanding unhedged variable rate debt and would affect the terms under which we refinance our existing debt as it matures, which would adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be adversely affected by the discontinuation of LIBOR.
In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K., which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. It is expected that a transition away from the widespread use of LIBOR to alternative interest rates will occur over the course of the next few years. As of December 31, 2019, we had $738,000 of debt that was indexed to LIBOR, including our unsecured credit facility term loan due 2021, unsecured credit facility revolving line of credit, Term Loan Due 2023, Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026, as well as interest rate swap agreements that hedge the variable cash flows associated with variable rate debt with an aggregate notional amount of $720,000. Of the total $738,000 of debt and $720,000 notional swap amount that is indexed to LIBOR, $488,000 and $470,000, respectively, mature after 2021.
When LIBOR is discontinued, the interest rate for our debt that is indexed to LIBOR will be based on a replacement rate or an alternate base rate as specified in the applicable documentation governing such debt or as otherwise agreed upon. Such an event would not affect our ability to borrow or maintain already outstanding borrowings, but the replacement rate or alternate base rate could be higher or more volatile than LIBOR prior to its discontinuation. In addition, we expect that amendments will be made to our interest rate swap agreements that will result in the LIBOR-based swap rate reverting, upon the occurrence of such events, to the same rate that would be expected to be used as the replacement rate or alternate base rate under the related debt agreements. The full impact of the expected transition away from LIBOR and the discontinuation of LIBOR after 2021 is not known, but these changes could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

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We may choose to retire debt prior to its stated maturity date and incur debt prepayment costs as a result, some of which could be significant.
At times, management has chosen to retire debt prior to its stated maturity date, and in doing so, we have incurred prepayment or defeasance premiums in accordance with the relevant loan agreements. If we choose to retire debt prior to its stated maturity date in the future, we may incur significant debt prepayment costs or defeasance premiums, which could have an adverse effect on our cash flow and results of operations.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Our board of directors may change significant corporate policies without shareholder approval.
Our investment, financing and distribution policies are determined by our board of directors. These policies may be amended or revised at any time at the discretion of the board of directors without a vote of our shareholders. As a result, the ability of our shareholders to control our policies and practices is extremely limited. We could make investments and engage in business activities that are different from, and possibly riskier than, the investments and businesses described in this report. In addition, our board of directors may change our policies with respect to conflicts of interest provided that such changes are consistent with applicable legal and regulatory requirements, including the listing standards of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). A change in these policies could have an adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
We could increase the number of authorized shares of stock and issue stock without shareholder approval.
Subject to applicable legal and regulatory requirements, our charter authorizes our board of directors, without shareholder approval, to (i) increase the aggregate number of authorized shares of stock or the number of authorized shares of stock of any class or series, (ii) issue authorized but unissued shares of our common stock or preferred stock, (iii) classify or reclassify any unissued shares of our common stock or preferred stock and (iv) set the preferences, rights and other terms of such classified or unclassified shares. As a result, we may issue series or classes of common stock or preferred stock with preferences, dividends, powers and rights, voting or otherwise, that are senior to, or otherwise conflict with, the rights of holders of our common stock. In addition, our board of directors could establish a series of preferred stock that could, depending on the terms of such series, delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or that our shareholders may believe is in their best interests.
Certain provisions of our charter may limit the ability of a third party to acquire control of our company.
Our charter provides that no person may beneficially own more than 9.8% in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of our outstanding common stock or 9.8% in value of the aggregate outstanding shares of our capital stock. While these charter provisions help ensure we maintain our REIT status, these ownership limitations may prevent an acquisition of control of our company by a third party without our board of directors’ approval, even if our shareholders believe the change in control is in their best interests.
Certain provisions of Maryland law could inhibit changes of control, which could lower the value of our Class A common stock.
Certain provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law, or MGCL, may have the effect of inhibiting or deterring a third party from making a proposal to acquire us or of impeding a change in control under circumstances that otherwise could provide our common shareholders with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market price of such shares, including:
“business combination” provisions that, subject to limitations, prohibit certain business combinations between us and an “interested shareholder” (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our shares or an affiliate or associate of ours who, at any time within the two-year period prior to the date in question, was the beneficial owner of 10% or more of our then outstanding voting shares) or an affiliate of an interested shareholder for five years after the most recent date on which the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, and thereafter, may impose special shareholder voting requirements unless certain minimum price conditions are satisfied; and
“control share” provisions that provide that “control shares” of our company (defined as shares which, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the shareholder, entitle the shareholder to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing directors) acquired in a “control share acquisition” (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of outstanding “control shares”) have no voting rights except to the extent approved by our shareholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.

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As permitted by the MGCL, our board of directors has adopted a resolution exempting any business combinations between us and any other person or entity from the business combination provisions of the MGCL. Our bylaws provide that such resolution or any other resolution of our board of directors exempting any business combination from the business combination provisions of the MGCL may only be revoked, altered or amended, and our board of directors may only adopt a resolution that is inconsistent with any such prior resolution (including any amendment to that bylaw provision), which we refer to as an opt-in to the business combination provisions, with the approval of stockholders entitled to cast a majority of all votes cast by the holders of the issued and outstanding shares of our common stock. In addition, as permitted by the MGCL, our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the control share acquisition provisions of the MGCL any acquisition by any person of shares of our stock. This bylaw provision may be amended, which we refer to as an opt-in to the control share acquisition provisions, only with the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast on such matter by holders of the issued and outstanding shares of our common stock.
Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL permits our board of directors, without shareholder approval and regardless of what is currently provided in our charter or bylaws, to implement certain takeover defenses, including adopting a classified board. Such takeover defenses may have the effect of inhibiting a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us or of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of us under the circumstances that otherwise could provide our common shareholders with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market price.
In addition, the provisions of our charter on removal of directors and the advance notice provisions of our bylaws, among others, could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control of our company that might involve a premium price for holders of our common stock or that our shareholders may believe to be in their best interests. Likewise, if our company’s board of directors were to opt-in to the provisions of Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL, or if our board of directors were to opt-in to the business combination provisions or the control share acquisition provisions of the MGCL, with shareholder approval, these provisions could have similar anti-takeover effects.
Our rights and the rights of our shareholders to take action against our directors and officers are limited, which could limit shareholder recourse in the event of actions that our shareholders do not believe are in their best interests.
Maryland law provides that a director or officer has no liability in that capacity if he or she satisfies his or her duties to us and our shareholders. As permitted by the MGCL, our charter limits the liability of our directors and officers to us and our shareholders for monetary damages, except for liability resulting from the following:
actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the director or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated.
In addition, our charter and bylaws and indemnification agreements that we have entered into with our directors and certain of our officers require us to indemnify our directors and officers, among others, for actions taken by them in those capacities to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. As a result, we and our shareholders may have more limited rights against our directors and officers than might otherwise exist. Accordingly, in the event that actions taken in good faith by any of our directors or officers impede the performance of our company, the ability of our shareholders to recover damages from such director or officer will be limited. In addition, we will be obligated to advance the defense costs incurred by our directors and officers who have indemnification agreements, and may, at the discretion of our board of directors, advance the defense costs incurred by our employees and other agents in connection with legal proceedings.
Our charter contains provisions that make removal of our directors difficult, which could make it difficult for our shareholders to effect changes to our management.
Our charter provides that a director may only be removed for cause upon the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast in the election of directors. Vacancies may be filled only by a majority vote of the remaining directors in office, even if less than a quorum. These requirements make it more difficult to change our management by removing and replacing directors and may prevent a change in control that is in the best interests of our shareholders.

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RISKS RELATED TO OUR REIT STATUS
Failure to qualify as a REIT would cause us to be taxed as a regular corporation and, even if we qualify as a REIT, we may face other tax liabilities which could substantially reduce funds available for distribution to our shareholders and materially and adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
We believe that we have been organized, owned and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2003, and that our intended manner of ownership and operation will enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, we cannot assure you that we have qualified or will qualify as such.
Qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex provisions of the Code as to which there are only limited judicial and administrative interpretations and involves the determination of facts and circumstances not entirely within our control. For example, to qualify as a REIT, we generally are required to annually distribute to our shareholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gains. To the extent that we satisfy this distribution requirement, but distribute less than 100% of our taxable income, we will be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our undistributed taxable income.
If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will face serious tax consequences that will substantially reduce the funds available for distributions to our shareholders because of the following:
we would not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the generally applicable corporate rate;
we could be subject to increased state and local taxes; and
unless we are entitled to relief under certain U.S. federal income tax laws, we could not re-elect REIT status until the fifth calendar year after the year in which we failed to qualify as a REIT.
In addition, if we fail to qualify as a REIT, it could result in default under certain of our indebtedness agreements. As a result of all of these factors, our failure to qualify as a REIT could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be subject to adverse legislative or regulatory tax changes that could negatively impact our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
At any time, the U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs or the administrative interpretation of those laws (or other laws affecting our business) may be amended. We cannot predict if or when any new or amended U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation (or any repeal thereof) will become effective, and any such law, regulation, interpretation or repeal may take effect retroactively. Any such changes could adversely affect our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Dividends payable by REITs generally do not qualify for reduced tax rates.
Certain qualified dividends paid by corporations to individuals, trusts and estates that are U.S. shareholders are taxed at capital gain rates, which are lower than ordinary income rates. Dividends of current and accumulated earnings and profits payable by REITs, however, are generally taxed at ordinary income rates as opposed to the capital gain rates (provided that for taxable years 2018 to 2025, non-corporate taxpayers generally may deduct up to 20% of their ordinary REIT dividends, subject to certain limitations). Dividends payable by REITs in excess of these earnings and profits generally are treated as a non-taxable reduction of the shareholders’ basis in the shares to the extent thereof and thereafter as taxable gain. The more favorable rates applicable to regular corporate dividends could cause investors who are individuals, trusts and estates to perceive investments in REITs, including us, to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stock of non-REIT corporations that pay dividends. In addition, non-REIT corporations may begin to pay dividends or increase dividends as a result of the lower corporate income tax rate that went into effect in 2018. As a result, the trading price of our Class A common stock may be negatively impacted.
Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive opportunities or liquidate otherwise attractive investments.
To qualify as a REIT, we must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, (i) the sources of our income, (ii) the nature and diversification of our assets, (iii) the amounts we distribute to our shareholders, (iv) the number of or aggregate value of dispositions completed annually and (v) the ownership of our capital stock. In order to meet these tests, we may be required to

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forego investments we might otherwise make and refrain from engaging in certain activities. Thus, compliance with the REIT requirements may hinder our performance.
In addition, if we fail to comply with certain asset ownership tests at the end of any calendar quarter, we must correct the failure within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter or qualify for certain statutory relief provisions to avoid losing our REIT qualification. As a result, we may be required to liquidate otherwise attractive investments.
If a transaction intended to qualify as an Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax-deferred exchange (1031 Exchange) is later determined to be taxable, we may face adverse consequences, and if the laws applicable to such transactions are amended or repealed, we may be unable to dispose of properties on a tax-deferred basis.
From time to time, we may dispose of properties in transactions that are intended to qualify as 1031 Exchanges. It is possible that the qualification of a transaction as a 1031 Exchange could be successfully challenged and determined to be currently taxable. In such case, our taxable income and earnings and profits would increase, which could increase the ordinary dividend income to our stockholders. In some circumstances, we may be required to pay additional dividends or, in lieu of that, corporate income tax, possibly including interest and penalties. As a result, we may be required to borrow funds in order to pay additional dividends or taxes, and the payment of such taxes could cause us to have less cash available to distribute to our stockholders. In addition, if a 1031 Exchange was later determined to be taxable, we may be required to amend our tax returns for the applicable year in question, including any information reports we sent our stockholders. Moreover, it is possible that legislation could be enacted that could modify or repeal the laws with respect to 1031 Exchanges, which could make it more difficult or impossible for us to dispose of properties on a tax-deferred basis.
Shareholders may be restricted from acquiring or transferring certain amounts of our stock.
In order to maintain our REIT qualification, among other requirements, no more than 50% in value of our outstanding stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals, as defined in the Code to include certain kinds of entities, during the last half of any taxable year other than the first year for which we made a REIT election. To assist us in qualifying as a REIT, our charter contains an aggregate stock ownership limit of 9.8% and a common stock ownership limit of 9.8%. Generally, shareholders must include stock of affiliates for purposes of determining whether they own stock in excess of any of these ownership limits.
If anyone attempts to transfer or own shares of our stock in a way that would violate the aggregate stock ownership limit or the common stock ownership limit, unless such ownership limits have been waived by our board of directors, or in a way that would prevent us from continuing to qualify as a REIT, those shares instead will be transferred to a trust for the benefit of a charitable beneficiary and will either be redeemed by us or sold to a person whose ownership of the shares will not violate the aggregate stock ownership limit or the common stock ownership limit. Purported transferees generally bear any decline in the market price of such stock held in such trust but do not benefit from any increase. If this transfer to a trust fails to prevent such a violation or our disqualification as a REIT, then the initial intended transfer or ownership will be null and void from the outset.
The ability of our board of directors to revoke our REIT qualification without shareholder approval may cause adverse consequences to our shareholders.
Our charter provides that our board of directors may revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election, without the approval of our shareholders, if it determines that it is no longer in our best interest to continue to qualify as a REIT. If we cease to be a REIT, we will not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the generally applicable corporate rate as well as state and local taxes, which may have adverse consequences on our total return to our shareholders.
GENERAL INVESTMENT RISKS
The market prices and trading volume of our debt and equity securities may be volatile.
The market prices of our debt and equity securities depend on various factors that may be unrelated to our operating performance or prospects. We cannot assure you that the market prices of our debt and equity securities, including our Class A common stock, will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future.
A number of factors could negatively affect, or result in fluctuations in, the prices or trading volume of our debt and equity securities, including:
actual or anticipated changes in our operating results and changes in expectations of future financial performance;

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our operating performance and the performance of other similar companies;
our strategic decisions, such as acquisitions, dispositions, spin-offs, joint ventures, strategic investments or changes in business strategy;
adverse market reaction to any indebtedness we incur in the future;
equity issuances or buybacks by us or the perception that such issuances or buybacks may occur;
increases in market interest rates or decreases in our distributions to shareholders that lead purchasers of our shares to demand a higher yield;
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
changes in real estate valuations;
additions or departures of key management personnel;
changes in the real estate industry, including increased competition due to shopping center supply growth, and in the retail industry, including growth in e-commerce, catalog companies and direct consumer sales;
publication of research reports about us or our industry by securities analysts;
speculation in the press or investment community;
passage of legislation or other regulatory developments that adversely affect us, our tax status, or our industry;
changes in accounting principles;
our failure to satisfy the listing requirements of the NYSE;
our failure to comply with the requirements of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act;
our failure to qualify as a REIT; and
general market conditions, including factors unrelated to our performance.
In the past, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies following periods of volatility in the price of their common stock. This type of litigation could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention and resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.
Increases in market interest rates may result in a decrease in the value of our publicly traded debt and equity securities.
One of the factors that may influence the prices of our publicly traded debt and equity securities is the interest rate on our publicly traded debt and the dividend yield on our common stock relative to market interest rates. If market interest rates, which are currently at low levels relative to historical rates, rise, our borrowing costs could rise and result in less funds being available for distribution. Therefore, we may not be able to, or we may choose not to, provide a higher distribution rate on our common stock. In addition, fluctuations in interest rates could adversely affect the market value of our properties. These factors could result in a decline in the market prices of our publicly traded debt and equity securities.
Future offerings of debt securities, which would be senior to our common stock, would dilute the interests of our existing shareholders and may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
We currently have $800,000 of unsecured notes outstanding and in the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by making additional offerings of debt or equity securities, including senior or subordinated notes and classes of preferred or common stock. Holders of debt securities or shares of preferred stock will generally be entitled to receive interest payments or distributions, both current and in connection with any liquidation or sale, prior to the holders of our common stock. Furthermore, offerings of common stock or other equity securities may dilute the holdings of our existing shareholders. We are not required to offer any such equity securities to existing shareholders on a preemptive basis, and future offerings of debt or equity securities, or perceptions that such offerings may occur, may reduce the market price of our common stock or the distributions that we pay with respect to our common stock. Because we may generally issue any such debt or equity securities in the future without obtaining the consent of our shareholders, our shareholders bear the risk of our future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their proportionate ownership.

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Our ability to pay dividends is limited by the requirements of Maryland law.
Our ability to pay dividends on our common stock is limited by the laws of the State of Maryland. Under applicable Maryland law, a Maryland corporation generally may not make a distribution if, after giving effect to the distribution, the corporation would not be able to pay its debts as they become due in the normal course of business, or the corporation’s total assets would be less than the sum of its total liabilities plus, unless the corporation’s charter provides otherwise, the amount that would be needed if the corporation were dissolved at the time of the distribution, to satisfy the preferential rights upon dissolution of shareholders whose preferential rights are superior to those receiving the distribution. Accordingly, we generally may not make a distribution on our common stock if, after giving effect to the distribution, we would not be able to pay our debts as they become due in the normal course of business or our total assets would be less than the sum of our total liabilities plus, unless the terms of such class or series provide otherwise, the amount that would be needed to satisfy the preferential rights upon dissolution of the holders of shares of any class or series of preferred stock then outstanding, if any, with preferences senior to those of our common stock.
Our common stock dividend policy may change in the future.
The timing, amount and composition of any future dividends to our common shareholders will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon a variety of factors as to which no assurance can be given. Our ability to pay dividends to our common shareholders depends, in part, on our operating results, overall financial condition, capital requirements, access to capital and the annual distribution requirements under the REIT provisions of the Code. Any change in our dividend policy could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
Changes in accounting standards may adversely impact our financial results.
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) periodically issues new guidance that can impact how we account for transactions. As new standards are issued, we work to understand any changes; however, we are unable to predict the full impact new accounting standards not yet adopted or future standards could have on the presentation of our consolidated financial statements, results of operations and financial ratios required by our debt covenants.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
The following table sets forth summary information regarding our retail operating portfolio as of December 31, 2019. Square feet of GLA is presented in thousands. This information is grouped into divisions based on the manner in which we have structured our asset management, property management and leasing operations. For additional property details on our operating portfolio, see “Real Estate and Accumulated Depreciation (Schedule III)” herein.
Division
 
Number of
Properties
 
ABR
 
% of Total
ABR
 
ABR per
Occupied
Sq. Ft.
 
GLA
 
% of Total
GLA
 
Occupancy (a)
Eastern Division
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia
 
41

 
$
155,878

 
42.0
%
 
$
20.05

 
8,139

 
40.8
%
 
95.5
%
Western Division
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arizona, California, Illinois, Missouri, Texas, Washington
 
63

 
215,257

 
58.0
%
 
19.15

 
11,833

 
59.2
%
 
95.0
%
Total retail operating portfolio (b)
 
104

 
$
371,135

 
100.0
%
 
$
19.52

 
19,972

 
100.0
%
 
95.2
%
(a)
Calculated as the percentage of economically occupied GLA as of December 31, 2019. Including leases signed but not commenced, our retail operating portfolio was 96.2% leased as of December 31, 2019.
(b)
Excludes (i) our active expansion and redevelopment projects at Circle East, One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H and Carillon, and (ii) the multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago, which were placed in service during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

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The following table sets forth information regarding the 20 largest tenants in our retail operating portfolio based on ABR as of December 31, 2019. Square feet of GLA is presented in thousands.
Tenant
 
Primary DBA/Number of Stores
 
Number
of Stores
 
ABR
 
% of
Total ABR
 
ABR per
Occupied
Sq. Ft.
 
Occupied
GLA
 
% of
Occupied
GLA
Best Buy Co., Inc.
 
Best Buy (11), Pacific Sales (1)
 
12

 
$
8,857

 
2.4
%
 
$
18.04

 
491

 
2.6
%
The TJX Companies, Inc.
 
T.J. Maxx (11), Marshalls (7), HomeGoods (6), Homesense (1)
 
25

 
7,967

 
2.1
%
 
10.82

 
736

 
3.9
%
AB Acquisition LLC
 
Safeway (4), Jewel-Osco (3), Tom Thumb (2)
 
9

 
6,674

 
1.8
%
 
13.73

 
486

 
2.5
%
Bed Bath & Beyond Inc.
 
Bed Bath & Beyond (12), Cost Plus World Market (3), buybuy BABY (2)
 
17

 
6,344

 
1.7
%
 
14.04

 
452

 
2.4
%
Ross Stores, Inc.
 
Ross Dress for Less
 
18

 
6,097

 
1.6
%
 
11.55

 
528

 
2.8
%
PetSmart, Inc.
 
 
 
17

 
5,764

 
1.6
%
 
16.66

 
346

 
1.8
%
Ahold U.S.A. Inc.
 
Stop & Shop (3), Giant Eagle (1)
 
4

 
5,468

 
1.5
%
 
22.60

 
242

 
1.3
%
Gap Inc.
 
Old Navy (13), The Gap (4), Banana Republic (3), Janie & Jack (2), Athleta (1), Gap Factory Store (1)
 
24

 
5,342

 
1.4
%
 
20.01

 
267

 
1.4
%
Michaels Stores, Inc.
 
Michaels
 
16

 
4,855

 
1.3
%
 
12.88

 
377

 
2.0
%
BJ’s Wholesale Club, Inc.
 
 
 
2

 
4,659

 
1.3
%
 
19.02

 
245

 
1.3
%
Ascena Retail Group, Inc.
 
Lane Bryant (10), Catherine’s (5), Dress Barn (5), Justice (5),
LOFT (5), Ann Taylor (4)
 
34

 
4,063

 
1.1
%
 
22.83

 
178

 
0.9
%
Lowe’s Companies, Inc.
 
 
 
4

 
3,944

 
1.1
%
 
6.47

 
610

 
3.2
%
Regal Entertainment Group
 
Edwards Cinema
 
1

 
3,882

 
1.0
%
 
31.06

 
125

 
0.7
%
The Kroger Co.
 
Kroger (5), Harris Teeter (1),
QFC (1)
 
7

 
3,639

 
1.0
%
 
10.43

 
349

 
1.8
%
Barnes & Noble, Inc.
 
 
 
7

 
3,592

 
1.0
%
 
20.88

 
172

 
0.9
%
The Home Depot, Inc.
 
 
 
3

 
3,404

 
0.9
%
 
9.38

 
363

 
1.9
%
Office Depot, Inc.
 
Office Depot (8), OfficeMax (2)
 
10

 
3,397

 
0.9
%
 
14.71

 
231

 
1.2
%
Party City Holdings Inc.
 
 
 
16

 
3,383

 
0.9
%
 
14.15

 
239

 
1.3
%
Ulta Beauty, Inc.
 
 
 
14

 
3,183

 
0.9
%
 
21.36

 
149

 
0.8
%
Petco Animal Supplies, Inc.
 
 
 
13

 
3,155

 
0.8
%
 
17.63

 
179

 
0.9
%
Total Top Retail Tenants
 
 
 
253

 
$
97,669

 
26.3
%
 
$
14.44

 
6,765

 
35.6
%
The following table sets forth a summary, as of December 31, 2019, of lease expirations scheduled to occur during 2020 and each of the nine calendar years from 2021 to 2029 and thereafter, assuming no exercise of renewal options or early termination rights for all leases in our retail operating portfolio. The following table is based on leases commenced as of December 31, 2019. Square feet of GLA is presented in thousands.
Lease Expiration Year
 
Lease
Count
 
ABR
 
% of Total
ABR
 
ABR per
Occupied
Sq. Ft.
 
GLA
 
% of
Occupied
GLA
2020 (a)
 
316

 
$
27,041

 
7.2
%
 
$
23.78

 
1,137

 
6.0
%
2021
 
316

 
46,439

 
12.6
%
 
20.09

 
2,311

 
12.1
%
2022
 
361

 
52,500

 
14.2
%
 
17.03

 
3,083

 
16.2
%
2023
 
353

 
50,291

 
13.5
%
 
19.58

 
2,568

 
13.5
%
2024
 
424

 
61,857

 
16.7
%
 
20.13

 
3,073

 
16.2
%
2025
 
176

 
33,201

 
9.0
%
 
17.34

 
1,915

 
10.1
%
2026
 
94

 
18,555

 
5.0
%
 
20.82

 
891

 
4.7
%
2027
 
82

 
13,078

 
3.5
%
 
15.97

 
819

 
4.3
%
2028
 
81

 
18,706

 
5.0
%
 
23.27

 
804

 
4.2
%
2029
 
99

 
21,837

 
5.9
%
 
21.26

 
1,027

 
5.4
%
Thereafter
 
93

 
27,089

 
7.3
%
 
19.89

 
1,362

 
7.2
%
Month-to-month
 
14

 
541

 
0.1
%
 
20.04

 
27

 
0.1
%
Total
 
2,409

 
$
371,135

 
100.0
%
 
$
19.52

 
19,017

 
100.0
%
(a)
Excludes month-to-month leases.
As of December 31, 2019, our weighted average remaining lease term is 4.8 years.

19

Table of Contents

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are subject, from time to time, to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. While the resolution of such matters may not be predicted with certainty, we believe, based on currently available information, that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

20

Table of Contents

PART II
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information
Our Class A common stock trades on the NYSE under the trading symbol RPAI. The closing price of our Class A common stock on February 14, 2020, as reported on the NYSE, was $12.70 per share.
As of February 14, 2020, there were approximately 11,700 record holders of our Class A common stock, which does not include individuals or entities who beneficially own shares but whose shares of record are held by a broker or clearing agency.
We declared quarterly distributions totaling $0.6625 per share of our Class A common stock during 2019 and 2018.
We intend to continue to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Code generally requires that a REIT annually distributes to its shareholders at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gains. The Code imposes tax on any undistributed REIT taxable income.
To satisfy the requirements for qualification as a REIT and generally not be subject to U.S. federal income and excise tax, we intend to make regular quarterly distributions of all, or substantially all, of our REIT taxable income to shareholders. Our future distributions will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors. When determining the amount of future distributions, we expect to consider, among other factors, (i) the amount of cash generated from our operating activities, (ii) our expectations of future cash flow, (iii) our determination of near-term cash needs for debt repayments and potential future share repurchases, (iv) the market of available acquisitions of new properties and redevelopment, expansion and pad development opportunities, (v) the timing of significant re-leasing activities and the establishment of additional cash reserves for anticipated tenant allowances and general property capital improvements, (vi) our ability to continue to access additional sources of capital and (vii) the amount required to be distributed to maintain our status as a REIT, which is a requirement of our unsecured credit agreement, and to reduce any income and excise taxes that we otherwise would be required to pay. Under certain circumstances, we may be required to make distributions in excess of cash available for distribution in order to meet the REIT distribution requirements.
If our operations do not generate sufficient cash flow to allow us to satisfy the REIT distribution requirements, we may be required to fund distributions from working capital or by borrowing funds, issuing equity or selling assets. Our actual results of operations will be affected by a number of factors, including the revenues we receive from tenants at our properties, our operating and other expenses, interest expense, the ability of our tenants to meet their obligations and unanticipated expenditures. For more information regarding risk factors that could materially and adversely affect our actual results of operations, please see Item 1A. “Risk Factors.”
Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities
There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the quarter ended December 31, 2019.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table summarizes the number of shares of Class A common stock surrendered to the Company by employees to satisfy their tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted shares for the specified periods and amounts outstanding under our common stock repurchase program:
Period
 
Total number
of shares of
Class A common
stock purchased
 
Average price
paid per share
of Class A
common stock
 
Total number of
shares purchased
as part of publicly
announced plans
or programs
 
Maximum number
(or approximate dollar
value) of shares that
may yet be purchased
under the plans
or programs (a)
October 1, 2019 to October 31, 2019
 

 
$

 
N/A
 
$
189,105

November 1, 2019 to November 30, 2019
 

 
$

 
N/A
 
$
189,105

December 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019
 
55

 
$
13.40

 
N/A
 
$
189,105

Total
 
55

 
$
13.40

 
N/A
 
$
189,105

(a)
As disclosed on the Current Reports on Form 8-K dated December 15, 2015 and December 14, 2017, represents the amount outstanding under our $500,000 common stock repurchase program, which has no scheduled expiration date.

21

Table of Contents

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report.
RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
As of and for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016 and 2015
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Net investment properties
 
$
3,296,490

 
$
3,379,152

 
$
3,569,937

 
$
4,056,173

 
$
4,254,647

Total assets
 
$
3,586,362

 
$
3,647,470

 
$
3,918,264

 
$
4,452,973

 
$
4,621,251

Total debt
 
$
1,624,925

 
$
1,622,049

 
$
1,746,086

 
$
1,997,925

 
$
2,166,238

Total shareholders’ equity
 
$
1,632,477

 
$
1,746,591

 
$
1,885,700

 
$
2,152,086

 
$
2,155,337

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
$
481,686

 
$
482,497

 
$
538,139

 
$
583,143

 
$
603,960

Total expenses
 
(389,003
)
 
(368,987
)
 
(478,904
)
 
(456,997
)
 
(462,890
)
Interest expense
 
(76,571
)
 
(73,746
)
 
(146,092
)
 
(109,730
)
 
(138,938
)
Gain on sales of investment properties
 
18,872

 
37,211

 
337,975

 
129,707

 
121,792

Other, net
 
(2,587
)
 
665

 
373

 
20,694

 
1,700

Net income
 
32,397

 
77,640

 
251,491

 
166,817

 
125,624

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 
(528
)
Net income attributable to the Company
 
32,397

 
77,640

 
251,491

 
166,817

 
125,096

Preferred stock dividends
 

 

 
(13,867
)
 
(9,450
)
 
(9,450
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders
 
$
32,397

 
$
77,640

 
$
237,624

 
$
157,367

 
$
115,646

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share – basic and diluted
 
$
0.15

 
$
0.35

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.66

 
$
0.49

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions declared – preferred
 
$

 
$

 
$
9,161

 
$
9,450

 
$
9,450

Distributions declared per preferred share
 
$

 
$

 
$
1.70

 
$
1.75

 
$
1.75

Excess of redemption value over carrying value of
preferred stock redemption
 
$

 
$

 
$
4,706

 
$

 
$

Distributions declared – common
 
$
141,528

 
$
144,409

 
$
151,612

 
$
157,168

 
$
157,173

Distributions declared per common share
 
$
0.66

 
$
0.66

 
$
0.66

 
$
0.66

 
$
0.66

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows provided by operating activities
 
$
231,491

 
$
204,163

 
$
247,516

 
$
266,130

 
$
266,650

Cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities
 
$
(90,302
)
 
$
87,275

 
$
608,302

 
$
12,444

 
$
2,623

Cash flows used in financing activities
 
$
(146,343
)
 
$
(358,172
)
 
$
(851,832
)
 
$
(283,453
)
 
$
(352,806
)