497 1 d255881d497.htm JP MORGAN TRUST I JP Morgan Trust I
Table of Contents

J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

(Class R5 Shares)

(a series of JPMorgan Trust I)

Supplement dated September 16, 2016

to the Summary Prospectus, Prospectus and

Statement of Additional Information dated September 15, 2016

Increase in Class R5 Shares Service Fee

Effective April 3, 2017, the service fee (formerly known as “shareholder service fee”) charged to Class R5 Shares will increase to 0.10% of average daily net assets. Expense limitation agreements in effect on April 3, 2017 will not change as a result of the change to the Class R5 service fee.

 

THIS SUPPLEMENT SHOULD BE RETAINED WITH

YOUR SUMMARY PROSPECTUS, PROSPECTUS AND

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.

 

SUP-SCCR5-916


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Prospectus

J.P. Morgan U.S. Equity Funds

Class R5 Shares (formerly Select Class Shares)

September 15, 2016

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

Class/Ticker: R5/VSSCX

The Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

LOGO


Table of Contents

CONTENTS

 

 

Purchasing Fund Shares

     13   

Exchanging Fund Shares

     15   

Redeeming Fund Shares

     16   

Frequent Trading Policy

     17   

Valuation

     19   

Distributions and Taxes

     20   

Shareholder Statements and Reports

     22   

Availability of Proxy Voting Record

     22   

Portfolio Holdings Disclosure

     22   
Glossary of Common Investment Terminology      24   
Risk and Reward Elements for the Fund      25   
Financial Highlights      30   
How to Reach Us      Back cover   

 

 

 


Table of Contents

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

 

Class/Ticker: R5/VSSCX

Until September 15, 2016, the Class R5 Shares were named Select Class Shares.

What is the goal of the Fund?

The Fund seeks capital growth over the long term.

Fees and Expenses of the Fund

The following table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.

 

ANNUAL FUND OPERATING EXPENSES

(Expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value
of your investment)

 
        Class R5  
Management Fees        0.65
Distribution (Rule 12b-1) Fees        NONE   
Other Expenses        0.31   

Shareholder Service Fees*

       0.05   

Remainder of Other Expenses

       0.26   
      

 

 

 
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses        0.96   
Fee Waivers and Expense Reimbursements1        (0.16
      

 

 

 
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waivers and Expense Reimbursement1        0.80   

 

* Effective September 15, 2016, the Shareholder Service Fee decreased from 0.25% to 0.05 %.

 

1 The Fund’s adviser and/or its affiliates have contractually agreed to waive fees and/or reimburse expenses to the extent Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses of Class R5 Shares (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses other than certain money market fund fees as described below, dividend and interest expenses related to short sales, interest, taxes, expenses related to litigation and potential litigation, and extraordinary expenses) exceed 0.80% of its average daily net assets. The Fund may invest in one or more money market funds advised by the adviser or its affiliates (affiliated money market funds). The Fund’s adviser, shareholder servicing agent and/or administrator have contractually agreed to waive fees and/or reimburse expenses in an amount sufficient to offset the respective net fees each collects from the affiliated money market funds on the Fund’s investment in such money market funds. These waivers are in effect through 9/15/18, at which time the adviser and/or its affiliates will determine whether to renew or revise them.

Example

This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses are equal to the total annual fund operating expenses after fee waivers and expense reimbursements shown in the fee table through 9/15/18 and total annual fund operating expenses thereafter. Your actual costs may be higher or lower.

 

WHETHER OR NOT YOU SELL YOUR SHARES, YOUR
COST WOULD BE:
 
     1 Year     3 Years     5 Years     10 Years  
CLASS R5 SHARES ($)     82        273        499        1,148   

Portfolio Turnover

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses, or in the Example, affect the Fund’s performance. During the Fund’s fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 58% of the average value of its portfolio.

 

 

 
SEPTEMBER 15, 2016         1   


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JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund (continued)

 

What are the Fund’s main investment strategies?

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its Assets in equity securities of small cap companies. “Assets” means net assets, plus the amount of borrowings for investment purposes. Small cap companies are companies with market capitalizations equal to those within the universe of Russell 2000® Index at the time of purchase. As of the reconstitution of the Russell 2000 Index on June 24, 2016, the market capitalizations of the companies in the index ranged from $61.2 million to $4.1 billion. Sector by sector, the Fund’s weightings are similar to those of the Russell 2000 Index. The Fund can moderately underweight or overweight sectors when it believes it will benefit performance. In implementing its main strategies, the Fund’s investments are primarily in common stocks and real estate investment trusts (REITs).

Derivatives, which are instruments that have a value based on another instrument, exchange rate or index, may be used as substitutes for securities in which the Fund can invest. The Fund may use futures contracts to gain or reduce exposure to its index, maintain liquidity and minimize transaction costs. In managing cash flows, the Fund buys futures contracts to invest incoming cash in the market or sells futures contracts in response to cash outflows, thereby gaining market exposure to the index while maintaining a cash balance for liquidity.

Investment Process: The Fund pursues returns that exceed those of the Russell 2000 Index while seeking to limit its volatility relative to this index. In managing the Fund, the adviser employs a process that ranks stocks based on its proprietary stock ranking system. The rankings are then reviewed and adjusted utilizing fundamental research conducted by the investment team to enhance accuracy and consistency. The adjusted rankings are used to place stocks into portfolios. In general, stocks are purchased when they are among the top ranked within their sector. Stocks become candidates for sale when their ranking falls, when they appear unattractive or when the company is no longer a small cap company. The Fund may continue to hold the securities if it believes further substantial growth is possible. Risk factor exposures are managed through portfolio construction. Portfolio constraints control for sector weights, position sizes and/or style characteristics of the Fund.

The Fund’s Main Investment Risks

The Fund is subject to management risk and may not achieve its objective if the adviser’s expectations regarding particular instruments or markets are not met.

An investment in this Fund or any other fund may not provide a complete investment program. The suitability of an investment in the Fund should be considered based on the investment objective, strategies and risks described in this Prospectus, considered in light of all of the other investments in your portfolio, as well as your risk tolerance, financial goals and time horizons. You may want to consult with a financial advisor to determine if this Fund is suitable for you.

Equity Market Risk. The price of equity securities may rise or fall because of changes in the broad market or changes in a company’s financial condition, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. These price movements may result from factors affecting individual companies, sectors or industries selected for the Fund’s portfolio or the securities market as a whole, such as changes in economic or political conditions. When the value of the Fund’s securities goes down, your investment in the Fund decreases in value.

General Market Risk. Economies and financial markets throughout the world are becoming increasingly interconnected, which increases the likelihood that events or conditions in one country or region will adversely impact markets or issuers in other countries or regions.

Small Cap Company Risk. Investments in small cap companies may be riskier, more volatile and more vulnerable to economic, market and industry changes than investments in larger, more established companies. As a result, share price changes may be more sudden or erratic than the prices of other equity securities, especially over the short term.

Derivative Risk. Derivatives, including futures, may be riskier than other types of investments and may increase the volatility of the Fund. Derivatives may be sensitive to changes in economic and market conditions and may create leverage, which could result in losses that significantly exceed the Fund’s original investment. Derivatives expose the Fund to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the derivative counterparty will not fulfill its contractual obligations (and includes credit risk associated with the counterparty). Certain derivatives are synthetic instruments that attempt to replicate the performance of certain reference assets. With regard to such derivatives, the Fund does not have a claim on the reference assets and is subject to enhanced counterparty risk. Derivatives may not perform as expected, so the Fund may not realize the intended benefits. When used for hedging, the change in value of a derivative may not correlate as expected with the security or other risk being hedged. In addition, given their complexity, derivatives expose the Fund to risks of mispricing or improper valuation.

Real Estate Securities Risk. The Fund’s investments in real estate securities, including REITs, are subject to the same risks as direct investments in real estate and mortgages, and their

 

 

 
2       J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS


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value will depend on the value of the underlying real estate interests. These risks include default, prepayments, changes in value resulting from changes in interest rates and demand for real and rental property, and the management skill and credit-worthiness of REIT issuers. The Fund will indirectly bear its proportionate share of expenses, including management fees, paid by each REIT in which it invests in addition to the expenses of the Fund.

Transactions Risk. The Fund could experience a loss and its liquidity may be negatively impacted when selling securities to meet redemption requests by shareholders. The risk of loss increases if the redemption requests are unusually large or frequent or occur in times of overall market turmoil or declining prices. Similarly, large purchases of Fund shares may adversely affect the Fund’s performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash and is required to maintain a larger cash position than it ordinarily would.

 

Investments in the Fund are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed or endorsed by, any bank and are not insured or guaranteed by the FDIC, the Federal Reserve Board or any other government agency.

You could lose money investing in the Fund.

The Fund’s Past Performance

This section provides some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund. The bar chart shows how the performance of the Fund’s Class R5 Shares (formerly known as Select Class Shares) has varied from year to year for the past ten calendar years. The table shows the average annual total returns for the past one year, five years and ten years. The table compares that performance to the Russell 2000® Index and Lipper Small-Cap Core Funds Index, an index based on the total returns of certain mutual funds within the Fund’s designated category as determined by Lipper. Unlike the other index, the Lipper index includes the fees and expenses of the mutual funds included in the index. Past performance (before and after taxes) is not necessarily an indication of how any class of the Fund will perform in the future. Updated performance information is available by visiting www.jpmorganfunds.com or by calling 1-800-480-4111.

LOGO

 

Best Quarter    3rd quarter, 2009      19.97%   
Worst Quarter    4th quarter, 2008      –26.24%   

The Fund’s year-to-date total return through 6/30/16 was –0.50%.

 

AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURNS

(For periods ended December 31, 2015)

 
     Past
1 Year
    Past
5 Years
    Past
10 Years
 
CLASS R5 SHARES        
Return Before Taxes     (5.38 )%      11.09     7.04
Return After Taxes on Distributions     (7.88     9.51        5.72   
Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Fund Shares     (1.39     8.67        5.53   
RUSSELL 2000 INDEX        
(Reflects No Deduction for Fees, Expenses, or Taxes)     (4.41     9.19        6.80   
LIPPER SMALL-CAP CORE FUNDS INDEX        
(Reflects No Deduction for Taxes)     (4.23     8.64        6.69   

After-tax returns are calculated using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Actual after-tax returns depend on your tax situation and may differ from those shown. The after-tax returns shown are not relevant to investors who hold their shares through tax-deferred arrangements such as 401(k) plans or individual retirement accounts.

In some cases, the “Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Fund Shares” may exceed the “Return Before Taxes” due to an assumed benefit from any losses on a sale of shares at the end of the measurement period.

 

 

 
SEPTEMBER 15, 2016         3   


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JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund (continued)

 

Management

J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc.

 

Portfolio Manager   Managed the
Fund Since
   Primary Title with
Investment Adviser
Dennis S. Ruhl   2004    Managing Director
Phillip D. Hart   2010    Managing Director

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

There are no minimum or maximum purchase requirements with respect to Class R5 Shares.

In general, you may purchase or redeem shares on any business day:

 

 

Through your Financial Intermediary or the eligible retirement plan or college savings plan through which you invest in the Fund

 

By writing to J.P. Morgan Funds Services, P.O. Box 8528, Boston, MA 02266-8528

 

After you open an account, by calling J.P. Morgan Funds Services at 1-800-480-4111

Tax Information

The Fund intends to make distributions that may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, except when your investment is in a 401(k) plan or other tax-advantaged investment plan, in which case you may be subject to federal income tax upon withdrawal from the tax-advantaged investment plan.

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Fund and its related companies may pay the financial intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or financial intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

 

 

 
4       J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS


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More About the Fund

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND’S INVESTMENT STRATEGIES

The Fund will invest primarily in equity securities as described below. The Fund invests in common stock as a main strategy. Although not a main strategy, the Fund’s investment in equity securities may also include:

 

 

preferred stock

 

 

convertible securities

 

 

trust or partnership interests

 

 

warrants and rights to buy common stock

 

 

equity securities purchased in initial public offerings.

All of these securities may be included as equity securities for the purpose of calculating the Fund’s 80% policy.

The main investment strategies for the Fund will also include:

 

 

real estate investment trusts (REITs) which are pooled vehicles which invest primarily in income-producing real estate or loans related to real estate

 

 

derivatives, including futures, options and swaps. In connection with its main investment strategies, the Fund may use futures to more effectively gain targeted equity exposure from its cash position. The Fund is also permitted to use derivatives such as futures, options and swaps in order to hedge various investments, for risk management and to opportunistically enhance the Fund’s returns. Under certain market conditions, the Fund’s use of derivatives for cash management or other investment management purposes could be significant.

Although not main strategies, the Fund may also utilize the following, some of which may be equity securities:

 

 

other investment companies

 

   

exchange-traded funds (ETFs) which are pooled investment vehicles whose ownership interests are purchased and sold on a securities exchange. ETFs may be passively or actively managed. Passively managed ETFs generally seek to track the performance of a particular market index, including broad-based market indexes, as well as indexes relating to particular sectors, markets, regions or industries. Actively managed ETFs do not seek to track the performance of a particular market index.

 

   

affiliated money market funds

 

 

foreign securities, often in the form of depositary receipts

 

 

securities lending

The Fund will provide shareholders with at least 60 days’ prior notice of any change in their 80% investment policies as described below.

The frequency with which the Fund buys and sells securities will vary from year to year, depending on market conditions.

 

FUNDAMENTAL INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES
An investment objective is fundamental if it cannot be changed without the consent of a majority of the outstanding shares of the Fund. The Fund’s investment objective is not fundamental and may be changed without the consent of a majority of the outstanding shares of the Fund.

Small Cap Core Fund

Under normal circumstances, the Fund invests at least 80% of its Assets in equity securities of small cap companies. “Assets” means net assets, plus the amount of borrowings for investment purposes. Small cap companies are companies with market capitalizations equal to those within the universe of Russell 2000® Index at the time of purchase. As of the reconstitution of the Russell 2000 Index on June 24, 2016, the market capitalizations of the companies in the index ranged from $61.2 million to $4.1 billion. Sector by sector, the Fund’s weightings are similar to those of the Russell 2000 Index. The Fund can moderately underweight or overweight sectors when it believes it will benefit performance. In implementing its main strategies, the Fund’s investments are primarily in common stocks and real estate investment trusts (REITs).

Derivatives, which are instruments that have a value based on another instrument, exchange rate or index, may be used as substitutes for securities in which the Fund can invest. The Fund may use futures contracts to gain or reduce exposure to its index, maintain liquidity and minimize transaction costs. In managing cash flows, the Fund buys futures contracts to invest incoming cash in the market or sells futures contracts in response to cash outflows, thereby gaining market exposure to the index while maintaining a cash balance for liquidity.

Investment Process: The Fund pursues returns that exceed those of the Russell 2000 Index while seeking to limit its volatility relative to this index. In managing the Fund, the adviser employs a process that ranks stocks based on its proprietary stock ranking system. The rankings are then reviewed and adjusted utilizing fundamental research conducted by the investment team to enhance accuracy and consistency. The adjusted rankings are used to place stocks into portfolios. In general, stocks are purchased when they are among the top ranked within their sector. Stocks become candidates for sale when their ranking falls, when they appear unattractive or when the company is no longer a small cap company. The Fund may continue to hold the securities if it believes further substantial growth is possible. Risk factor exposures are managed through portfolio construction. Portfolio constraints control for sector weights, position sizes and/or style characteristics of the Fund.

 

 

 
SEPTEMBER 15, 2016         5   


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More About the Fund (continued)

 

INVESTMENT RISKS

There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its objective.

The main risks associated with investing in the Fund are summarized in the Risk/Return Summary for the Fund at the front of this prospectus. More detailed descriptions of the main risks and additional risks of the Fund are described below.

Please note that the Fund also may use strategies that are not described herein, but which are described in the “Risk and Reward Elements for the Fund” later in the prospectus and in the Statement of Additional Information.

 

An investment in this Fund or any other fund may not provide a complete investment program. The suitability of an investment in the Fund should be considered based on the investment objective, strategies and risks described in this Prospectus, considered in light of all of the other investments in your portfolio, as well as your risk tolerance, financial goals and time horizons. You may want to consult with a financial advisor to determine if this Fund is suitable for you.

Main Risks

Equity Market Risk. The price of equity securities may rise or fall because of changes in the broad market or changes in a company’s financial condition, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. These price movements may result from factors affecting individual companies, sectors or industries selected for the Fund’s portfolio or the securities market as a whole, such as changes in economic or political conditions. Equity securities are subject to “stock market risk” meaning that stock prices in general (or in particular, the prices of the types of securities in which the Fund invests) may decline over short or extended periods of time. When the value of the Fund’s securities goes down, your investment in that Fund decreases in value.

Smaller Cap Company Risk. Investments in smaller, newer companies may be riskier than investments in larger, more-established companies. The securities of smaller companies may trade less frequently and in smaller volumes than securities of larger companies. In addition, smaller companies may be more vulnerable to economic, market and industry changes. As a result, share price changes may be more sudden or erratic than the prices of large capitalization companies, especially over the short term. Because smaller companies may have limited product lines, markets or financial resources or may depend on a few key employees, they may be more susceptible to particular economic events or competitive factors than large capitalization companies. This may cause unexpected and frequent decreases in the value of a Fund’s investments.

Real Estate Securities Risk. The value of real estate securities in general, and REITs in particular, are subject to the same risks

as direct investments in real estate and mortgages which include, but are not limited to, sensitivity to changes in real estate values and property taxes, interest rate risk, tax and regulatory risk, fluctuations in rent schedules and operating expenses, adverse changes in local, regional or general economic conditions, deterioration of the real estate market and the financial circumstances of tenants and sellers, unfavorable changes in zoning, building, environmental and other laws, the need for unanticipated renovations, unexpected increases in the cost of energy and environmental factors. The underlying mortgage loans may be subject to the risks of default or of prepayments that occur earlier or later than expected, and such loans may also include so-called “sub-prime” mortgages. The value of REITs will also rise and fall in response to the management skill and creditworthiness of the issuer. In particular, the value of these securities may decline when interest rates rise and will also be affected by the real estate market and by the management of the underlying properties. REITs may be more volatile and/or more illiquid than other types of equity securities. The Fund will indirectly bear its proportionate share of expenses, including management fees, paid by each REIT in which it invests in addition to the expenses of the Fund.

Transactions Risk. The Fund could experience a loss when selling securities to meet redemption requests by shareholders and its liquidity may be negatively impacted. The risk of loss increases if the redemption requests are large or frequent, occur in times of overall market turmoil or declining prices for the securities sold, or when the securities the Fund wishes to or is required to sell are illiquid. The Fund may be unable to sell illiquid securities at its desired time or price. Illiquidity can be caused by a drop in overall market trading volume, an inability to find a ready buyer, or legal restrictions on the securities’ resale. Certain securities that were liquid when purchased may later become illiquid, particularly in times of overall economic distress. Similarly, large purchases of Fund shares may adversely affect the Fund’s performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash and is required to maintain a larger cash position than it ordinarily would.

Derivatives Risk. The Fund may use derivatives in connection with their investment strategies. Derivatives may be riskier than other types of investments because they may be more sensitive to changes in economic or market conditions than other types of investments and could result in losses that significantly exceed the Fund’s original investment. Derivatives are subject to the risk that changes in the value of a derivative may not correlate perfectly with the underlying asset, rate or index. The use of derivatives may not be successful, resulting in losses to the Fund, and the cost of such strategies may reduce the Fund’s returns. Derivatives also expose the Fund to counterparty risk (the risk that the derivative counterparty will not fulfill its contractual obligations), including credit risk of the derivative counterparty. In addition, the Fund may use

 

 

 
6       J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS


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derivatives for non-hedging purposes, which increases the Fund’s potential for loss. Certain derivatives are synthetic instruments that attempt to replicate the performance of certain reference assets. With regard to such derivatives, the Fund does not have a claim on the reference assets and is subject to enhanced counterparty risk.

 

WHAT IS A DERIVATIVE?
Derivatives are securities or contracts (like futures and options) that derive their value from the performance of underlying assets or securities.

Investing in derivatives will result in a form of leverage. Leverage involves special risks. The Fund may be more volatile than if the Fund had not been leveraged because the leverage tends to exaggerate any effect on the value of the Fund’s portfolio securities. Registered investment companies are limited in their ability to engage in derivative transactions and are required to identify and earmark assets to provide asset coverage for derivative transactions.

The Fund’s transactions in futures contracts, swaps and other derivatives could also affect the amount, timing and character of distributions to shareholders which may result in the Fund realizing more short-term capital gain and ordinary income subject to tax at ordinary income tax rates than it would if it did not engage in such transactions, which may adversely impact the Fund’s after-tax return.

Additional Risks

Foreign Securities and Emerging Market Risk. To the extent the Fund invests in foreign securities (including depositary receipts), these investments are subject to special risks in addition to those of U.S. investments. These risks include political and economic risks, greater volatility, civil conflicts and war, currency fluctuations, expropriation and nationalization risks, sanctions or other measures by the United States or other governments, higher transaction costs, delayed settlement, possible foreign controls on investment, and less stringent investor protection and disclosure standards of foreign markets. The securities markets of many foreign countries are relatively small, with a limited number of companies representing a small number of industries. If foreign securities are denominated and traded in a foreign currency, the value of the Fund’s foreign holdings can be affected by currency exchange rates and exchange control regulations. In certain markets where securities and other instruments are not traded “delivery versus payment,” the Fund may not receive timely payment for securities or other instruments it has delivered or receive delivery of securities paid for and may be subject to increased risk that the counterparty will fail to make payments or delivery when due or default completely. Events and evolving conditions

in certain economies or markets may alter the risks associated with investments tied to countries or regions that historically were perceived as comparatively stable becoming riskier and more volatile.

The risks associated with foreign securities are magnified in countries in “emerging markets.” These countries may have relatively unstable governments and less-established market economies than developed countries. Emerging markets may face greater social, economic, regulatory and political uncertainties. These risks make emerging market securities more volatile and less liquid than securities issued in more developed countries and you may sustain sudden, and sometimes substantial, fluctuations in the value of your investments. The Fund’s investments in foreign and emerging market securities may also be subject to foreign withholding and/or other taxes, which would decrease the Fund’s yield on those securities.

Initial Public Offering (IPO) Risk. IPO securities have no trading history, and information about the companies may be available for very limited periods. The prices of securities sold in IPOs may be highly volatile and their purchase may involve high transaction costs. At any particular time or from time to time, the Fund may not be able to invest in securities issued in IPOs, or invest to the extent desired, because, for example, only a small portion (if any) of the securities being offered in an IPO may be made available to the Fund. In addition, under certain market conditions, a relatively small number of companies may issue securities in IPOs. Similarly, as the number of purchasers to which IPO securities are allocated increases, the number of securities issued to the Fund may decrease. The performance of a Fund during periods when it is unable to invest significantly or at all in IPOs may be lower than during periods when the Fund is able to do so. In addition, as the Fund increases in size, the impact of IPOs on a Fund’s performance will generally decrease.

Securities Lending Risk. The Fund may engage in securities lending. Securities lending involves counterparty risk, including the risk that the loaned securities may not be returned or returned in a timely manner and/or a loss of rights in the collateral if the borrower or the lending agent defaults. This risk is increased when the Fund’s loans are concentrated with a single or limited number of borrowers. In addition, the Fund bears the risk of loss in connection with its investments of the cash collateral it receives from the borrower. To the extent that the value or return of the Fund’s investments of the cash collateral declines below the amount owed to a borrower, the Fund may incur losses that exceed the amount it earned on lending the security.

Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) and Investment Company Risk. The Fund may invest in shares of other investment companies and ETFs. Shareholders bear both their proportionate share of

 

 

 
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More About the Fund (continued)

 

the Fund’s expenses and similar expenses of the underlying investment company or ETF when the Fund invests in shares of another investment company or ETF. The price movement of an index-based ETF may not track the underlying index and may result in a loss. ETFs may trade at a price below their net asset value (also known as a discount).

Convertible Securities Risk. A convertible security generally entitles the holder to receive interest paid or accrued on debt securities or the dividend paid on preferred stock until the convertible security matures or is redeemed, converted or exchanged. Before conversion, convertible securities generally have characteristics similar to both debt and equity securities. The value of convertible securities tends to decline as interest rates rise and, because of the conversion feature, tends to vary with fluctuations in the market value of the underlying securities. Convertible securities are usually subordinated to comparable nonconvertible securities. Convertible securities generally do not participate directly in any dividend increases or decreases of the underlying securities, although the market prices of convertible securities may be affected by any dividend changes or other changes in the underlying securities.

Preferred Stock Risk. Preferred stock generally has a preference as to dividends and liquidations over an issuer’s common stock but ranks junior to debt securities in an issuer’s capital structure. Unlike interest payments on debt securities, preferred stock dividends are payable only if declared by the issuer’s board of directors. Because preferred stocks generally pay dividends only after the issuing company makes required payments to holders of its bonds and other debt, the value of preferred stocks generally is more sensitive than bonds and other debt to actual or perceived changes in the company’s financial condition or prospects. Preferred stock also may be subject to optional or mandatory redemption provisions.

Volcker Rule Risk. Pursuant to section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and certain rules promulgated thereunder known as the Volcker Rule, if the adviser and/or its affiliates own 25% or more of the outstanding ownership interests of the Fund after the permitted seeding period from the implementation of the Fund’s investment strategy, the Fund could be subject to restrictions on trading that would adversely impact the Fund’s ability to execute its investment strategy. As a result, the adviser and/or its affiliates may be required to reduce their ownership interests in the Fund at a time that is sooner than would otherwise be desirable, which may result in the Fund’s liquidation or, if the Fund is able to continue operating, may result in losses, increased transaction costs and adverse tax consequences as a result of the sale of portfolio securities.

For more information about risks associated with the types of investments that the Fund purchases, please read the “Risk/ Return Summary” and the “Risk and Reward Elements for the

Fund” later in the prospectus and the Statement of Additional Information.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

An investment in a Fund is subject to a number of actual or potential conflicts of interest. For example, the Adviser and/or its affiliates provide a variety of different services to a Fund, for which the Fund compensates them. As a result, the Adviser and/or its affiliates have an incentive to enter into arrangements with a Fund, and face conflicts of interest when balancing that incentive against the best interests of a Fund. The Adviser and/or its affiliates also face conflicts of interest in their service as investment adviser to other clients, and, from time to time, make investment decisions that differ from and/or negatively impact those made by the Adviser on behalf of a Fund. In addition, affiliates of the Adviser provide a broad range of services and products to their clients and are major participants in the global currency, equity, commodity, fixed-income and other markets in which a Fund invests or will invest. In certain circumstances by providing services and products to their clients, these affiliates’ activities will disadvantage or restrict the Funds and/or benefit these affiliates. The Adviser may also acquire material non-public information which would negatively affect the Adviser’s ability to transact in securities for a Fund. JPMorgan and the Funds have adopted policies and procedures reasonably designed to appropriately prevent, limit or mitigate conflicts of interest. In addition, many of the activities that create these conflicts of interest are limited and/or prohibited by law, unless an exception is available. For more information about conflicts of interest, see the Potential Conflicts of Interest section in the SAI.

TEMPORARY DEFENSIVE AND CASH POSITIONS

For liquidity and to respond to unusual market conditions, the Fund may invest all or most of its total assets in cash and cash equivalents for temporary defensive purposes. These investments may result in a lower yield than lower-quality or longer-term investments, and prevent the Fund from meeting its investment objective.

 

WHAT IS A CASH EQUIVALENT?
Cash equivalents are highly liquid, high-quality instruments with maturities of three months or less on the date they are purchased. They include securities issued by the U.S. government, its agencies and instrumentalities, repurchase agreements (other than equity repurchase agreements), certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper (rated in one of the two highest rating categories), variable rate master demand notes, money market mutual funds and bank money market deposit accounts.
 

 

 
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While the Fund is engaged in a temporary defensive position, it may not meet its investment objective. These investments may be inconsistent with the Fund’s main investment strategies. Therefore, the Fund will pursue a temporary defensive position only when market conditions warrant.

ADDITIONAL FEE WAIVER AND/OR EXPENSE REIMBURSEMENT

Service providers to the Fund may, from time to time, voluntarily waive all or a portion of any fees to which they are entitled and/or reimburse certain expenses as they may determine

from time to time. The Fund’s service providers may discontinue or modify these voluntary actions at any time without notice. Performance for the Fund reflects the voluntary waiver of fees and/or the reimbursement of expenses, if any. Without these voluntary waivers and/or expense reimbursements, performance would have been less favorable.

 

 

 
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The Fund’s Management and Administration

 

The Fund is a series of JPMorgan Trust I (JPMT I), a Delaware statutory trust.

The Trust is governed by trustees who are responsible for overseeing all business activities of the Fund.

The Fund operates in a multiple class structure. A multiple class fund is an open-end investment company that issues two or more classes of shares representing interests in the same investment portfolio.

Each class in a multiple class fund can set its own transaction minimums and may vary with respect to expenses for distribution, administration and shareholder services. This means that one class could offer access to the Fund on different terms than another class. Certain classes may be more appropriate for a particular investor.

The Fund may issue other classes of shares that have different expense levels and performance and different requirements for who may invest. Call 1-800-480-4111 to obtain more information concerning all of the Fund’s other share classes. A Financial Intermediary who receives compensation for selling Fund shares may receive a different amount of compensation for sales of different classes of shares.

The Fund’s Investment Adviser

J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc. (JPMIM) is the investment adviser to the Fund and makes the day-to-day investment decisions for the Fund.

JPMIM is a wholly-owned subsidiary of JPMorgan Asset Management Holdings Inc., which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPMorgan Chase), a bank holding company. JPMIM is located at 270 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017.

During the fiscal period ended 6/30/16, JPMIM was paid management fees (net of waivers), as shown below, as a percentage of average daily net assets:

 

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund     0.39

A discussion of the basis the Board of JPMT I used in reapproving the investment advisory agreements for the Fund is available in the semi-annual report for the most recent fiscal period ended December 31.

The Portfolio Managers

The portfolio managers for the Fund are Dennis S. Ruhl and Phillip D. Hart. Mr. Ruhl, Managing Director of JPMIM and a CFA charterholder, is the Chief Investment Officer of the U.S. Behavioral Finance Equity Group. He has worked as a portfolio manager for JPMIM or its affiliates since 2001 and has been employed with the firm since 1999. Mr. Hart, Managing Director

of JPMIM and a CFA charterholder, has worked as a portfolio manager for the U.S. Behavioral Finance Equity Group at JPMIM since 2009 and has been employed by the firm since 2003. Prior to becoming a portfolio manager, he was a qualitative research analyst within this group.

The Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the portfolio managers’ compensation, other accounts managed by the portfolio managers and the portfolio managers’ ownership of securities in the Fund.

The Fund’s Administrator

JPMIM provides administrative services for and oversees the Fund’s other service providers. JPMIM receives a pro-rata portion of the following annual fee on behalf of the Fund for administrative services: 0.15% of the first $25 billion of average daily net assets of all Funds (excluding certain funds of funds and money market funds) in the J.P. Morgan Funds Complex plus 0.075% of average daily net assets of such Funds over $25 billion.

The Fund’s Shareholder Servicing Agent

JPMT I, on behalf of the Fund, has entered into a shareholder servicing agreement with JPMorgan Distribution Services, Inc. (JPMDS) under which JPMDS has agreed to provide certain support services to the Fund’s shareholders. For performing these services, JPMDS, as shareholder servicing agent, receives an annual fee of 0.05% of the average daily net assets of the Class R5 Shares of the Fund. Prior to 9/15/16 when the Fund’s Select Class Shares were renamed and redesignated as Class R5 Shares, JPMDS was paid an annual fee of 0.25% or the average daily net assets of the Select Class Shares of the Fund. JPMDS may enter into service agreements with Financial Intermediaries under which it will pay all or a portion of the annual fee to such Financial Intermediaries for performing shareholder and administrative services.

The Fund’s Distributor

JPMDS (the Distributor) is the distributor for the Fund. The Distributor is an affiliate of JPMIM.

Additional Compensation to Financial Intermediaries

JPMIM, JPMDS and, from time to time, other affiliates of JPMorgan Chase may also, at their own expense and out of their own legitimate profits, provide additional cash payments to Financial Intermediaries whose customers invest in shares of the J.P. Morgan Funds. For this purpose, Financial Intermediaries include financial advisors, investment advisers, brokers, financial planners, banks, insurance companies, retirement or 401(k) plan administrators and others, including various affiliates of JPMorgan Chase, that have entered into agreements with JPMDS. These additional cash payments are

 

 

 
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payments over and above any sales charges (including Rule 12b-1 fees), shareholder servicing, sub-transfer agency and/or networking fees that are paid to such Financial Intermediaries, as described elsewhere in this prospectus. These additional cash payments are generally made to Financial Intermediaries that provide shareholder, sub-transfer agency or administrative services or marketing support. Marketing support may include access to sales meetings, sales representatives and Financial Intermediary management representatives, inclusion of the J.P. Morgan Funds on a sales list, including a preferred or select sales list, or other sales programs and/or for training and educating a Financial

Intermediary’s employees. These additional cash payments also may be made as an expense reimbursement in cases where the Financial Intermediary provides shareholder services to J.P. Morgan Fund shareholders. JPMIM and JPMDS may also pay cash compensation in the form of finders’ fees that vary depending on the J.P. Morgan Fund and the dollar amount of shares sold. Such additional compensation may provide such Financial Intermediaries with an incentive to favor sales of shares of the J.P. Morgan Funds over other investment options they make available to their customers. See the Statement of Additional Information for more information.

 

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds

 

CHOOSING A SHARE CLASS

Each share class represents an investment in the same portfolio of securities, but each has different availability and eligibility criteria, expenses, dividends and distributions.

Please read this prospectus carefully, and then decide how much you want to invest. The Fund may offer other classes of shares not included in this prospectus that have different expense levels, performance and eligibility requirements from the share classes offered in this prospectus. Call 1-800-480-4111 to obtain more information concerning these or other share classes. A Financial Intermediary may receive different compensation based on the share class sold.

Class R5 shares are primarily used in Group Retirement Plans. The particular Group Retirement Plan will determine the share class available to its participants.

 

Shares of the Fund have not been registered for sale outside of the United States. This prospectus is not intended for distribution to prospective investors outside of the United States. The Fund generally does not market or sell shares to investors domiciled outside of the United States, even, with regard to individuals, if they are citizens or lawful permanent residents of the United States.

 

     Class R5
Eligibility  

May be purchased by

  Group Retirement Plans1,

  Section 529 college savings plans,

  Current and future JPMorgan SmartRetirement and JPMorgan SmartRetirement Blend Funds, and

  Such other J.P. Morgan Funds of Funds as are designated by the J.P. Morgan Funds Board of Trustees (Authorized Funds).

Minimum Investment2  

No minimum

Minimum Subsequent Investments   No minimum
Distribution (12b-1) Fee   None
Shareholder Service Fee   0.05% of the average daily net assets.
Redemption Fee   None

 

1 

For more information about eligible Group Retirement Plans, see “Group Retirement Plans” below.

2 

Financial Intermediaries or other organizations making the Funds available to their clients or customers may impose minimums which may be different from the requirements for investors purchasing directly from the Funds.

Financial Intermediaries may include financial advisors, investment advisers, brokers, financial planners, banks, insurance companies, retirement or 401(k) plan administrators and others, including various affiliates of JPMorgan Chase, that have entered into agreements with JPMDS as Distributor and/or shareholder servicing agent.

Accounts may be opened either directly with the Fund’s transfer agent or through Financial Intermediaries. If you have questions about eligibility, please call 1-800-480-4111.

 

   

Class R5 Shares are not subject to Rule 12b-1 fees.

 

   

Class R5 Shares have lower annual expense ratios than certain other share classes.

 

   

The Fund may issue other classes of shares that have different sales charges, expense levels and performance and different requirements for who may invest. Call 1-800-480-4111 to obtain more information concerning all of the Fund’s other share classes. A Financial Intermediary who receives compensation for selling Fund shares may receive different amounts of compensation for sales of different classes of shares.

Class R5 Shares of the JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund may be held by shareholders who would not otherwise be eligible to own Class R5 Shares but who held Select Shares before they were redesignated and renamed as Class R5 Shares effective September 15, 2016 (the “Transition”). Such shareholders can continue to purchase Class R5 Shares in accounts which existed at the time of the Transition.

 

 
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Group Retirement Plans

The only retirement plans that are eligible to purchase Class R5 Shares are employer-sponsored retirement, deferred compensation and employee benefit plans (including health savings accounts) and trusts used to fund those plans. To satisfy eligibility requirements, the plan must be a group plan (more than one participant), the shares cannot be held in a commission-based brokerage account and the shares must be held a) at a plan level or b) at the Fund level through an omnibus account of a retirement plan recordkeeper. Group Retirement Plans include group employer-sponsored 401(k) plans, 457 plans, employer-sponsored 403(b) plans, profit-sharing and money purchase pension plans, defined benefit plans, retiree health benefit plans and non-qualified deferred compensation plans. Class R5 Shares generally are not available to non-retirement accounts, traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), Coverdell Education Savings Accounts, SEPs, SARSEPs, SIMPLE IRAs, KEOGHs, individual 401(k) plans or individual 403(b) plans.

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY COMPENSATION

The following section describes the types of compensation paid to Financial Intermediaries for services relating to the Fund.

To obtain information, visit www.jpmorganfunds.com or call 1-800-480-4111.

Networking and Sub-Transfer Agency Fees

J.P. Morgan Funds have entered into agreements directly with Financial Intermediaries pursuant to which the Fund will pay the Financial Intermediary for services such as networking or sub-transfer agency (collectively, the “Sub-TA Agreements”). Sub-TA Agreement payments are generally based on either (1) a percentage of the average daily net assets of clients serviced by such Financial Intermediary up to a set maximum dollar amount per shareholder account serviced, or (2) a per account fee based on the number of accounts serviced by such Financial Intermediary. From time to time, JPMIM or its affiliates may pay a portion of the fees for networking or sub-transfer agency at its or their own expense and out of its or their legitimate profits.

Shareholder Servicing

The Distributor, as shareholder servicing agent, receives an annual fee of up to the following fee (based on the average daily net assets).

 

Class    Shareholder Servicing  Fee
Class R5    0.05%

The Distributor may enter into service agreements with Financial Intermediaries under which it will pay all or a portion of that fee to such Financial Intermediaries for performing shareholder and administrative services.

PURCHASING FUND SHARES

You may purchase shares directly from the Fund through the Distributor or through your Financial Intermediary.

Purchase and redemption orders will be accepted only on days that J.P. Morgan Funds are open for business. The Funds are open for business on each day the NYSE is open for trading. The NYSE is closed for trading on the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. A purchase or redemption order received by a Fund prior to the close of regular trading on the NYSE (normally 4:00 p.m. ET) (“NYSE Close”), on a day the Funds are open for business, will be effected at that day’s NAV. The Funds will not treat an intraday unscheduled disruption or closure in NYSE trading as a closure of the NYSE and will calculate NAV as of 4:00 p.m. ET, if the particular disruption or closure directly affects only the NYSE. An order received after the NYSE Close will generally be effected at the NAV determined on the next business day. However, orders received by Financial Intermediaries on a business day prior to the NYSE Close and communicated to the Funds prior to such time as agreed upon by the Funds and the Financial Intermediary will be effected at the NAV determined on the business day the order was received by the Financial Intermediary.

A purchase order must be supported by all appropriate documentation and information in the proper form. The Fund may refuse to honor incomplete purchase orders.

Share ownership is electronically recorded; therefore, no certificate will be issued. A shareholder who purchases shares of a Fund that accrues dividends daily will not accrue a dividend on the day of the purchase.

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds (continued)

 

If you purchase shares through your Financial Intermediary, contact your investment representative for their requirements and procedures. If a Financial Intermediary holds your shares, it is the responsibility of the Financial Intermediary to send your purchase order to the Fund. Your Financial Intermediary may have an earlier cut-off time for purchase orders.

If you purchase shares directly with the Funds, see the information below.

 

HOW TO PURCHASE DIRECTLY WITH THE FUND
     Opening a New Account   Purchasing into an Existing Account

By Phone

 

1-800-480-4111

Shareholder Services representatives are available Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 7:00 pm ET.

 

A new account generally may not be opened by phone.

 

A new fund position can be added to an existing account by phone if you have bank information on file. The minimum initial investment requirement must be met.

  You must already have bank information on file. If we do not have bank information on file, you must submit written instructions. Please call for instructions on how to add bank information to your account.

By Mail

 

Regular mailing address:

J.P. Morgan Funds Services

P.O. Box 8528

Boston, MA 02266-8528

 

Overnight mailing address:

J.P. Morgan Funds Services

30 Dan Road

Canton, MA 02021-2809

 

Mail the completed and signed application with a check to our Regular or Overnight mailing address.

 

Refer to the Additional Information Regarding Purchases section

  Please mail your check and include your name, the Fund name, and your fund account number.
 

All checks must be made payable to one of the following:

   J.P. Morgan Funds; or

   The specific Fund in which you are investing.

 

Please include your existing account number, if applicable.

 

All checks must be in U.S. dollars. The Fund does not accept credit cards, cash, starter checks, money orders or credit card checks. The Fund reserves the right to refuse “third-party” checks and checks drawn on non-U.S. financial institutions even if payment may be effected through a U.S. financial institution. Checks made payable to any individual or company and endorsed to J.P. Morgan Funds or the Fund are considered third-party checks.

By Wire1

 

1-800-480-4111

 

Wire Instructions:

Boston Financial Data Services

2000 Crown Colony Drive

Quincy, MA 02169

 

Attn: J.P. Morgan Funds Services

ABA: 021 000 021

DDA: 323 125 832

FBO: Fund Name

Fund: Fund #

Account: Your Account # and
Your Account Registration

  Purchase by Wire: If you choose to pay by wire, please call to notify the Fund of your purchase. You must also initiate the wire with your financial institution.   Purchase by Wire: If you choose to pay by wire, please call to notify the Fund of your purchase. You must also initiate the wire with your financial institution.

 

1 

The Fund currently does not charge for these services, but may impose a charge in the future. However, your bank may impose a charge for debiting your bank account.

 

 
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Transactions by phone or fax

You may access your account and conduct certain transactions using phone or fax. Phone conversations are recorded. The J.P. Morgan Funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the Fund and their agents are not liable for any losses, liability, cost or expenses (including attorney fees) that may occur from acting on unauthorized or fraudulent instructions. Therefore please take precautions to protect your account information and immediately review account statements or other information provided to you. In addition, a confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact J.P. Morgan Funds Services or your Financial Intermediary immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. You may revoke your right to make purchases over the phone or by mailing written instructions to us.

You may not always reach J.P. Morgan Funds Services by phone. This may be true at times of unusual market changes and shareholder activity. You can mail us your instructions or contact your Financial Intermediary. We may modify or cancel the ability to purchase or redeem shares by phone without notice.

Additional Information Regarding Purchases

Federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify and record information that identifies each person who opens an account. When you open an account, we will ask for your name, residential or business street address, date of birth (for an individual), and other information that will allow us to identify you, including your social security number, tax identification number or other identifying number. The Fund cannot waive these requirements. The Fund is required by law to reject your Account Application if the required identifying information is not provided.

We will attempt to collect any missing information required on the Account Application by contacting either you or your Financial Intermediary. If we cannot obtain this information within the established time frame, your Account Application will be rejected. Amounts received prior to receipt of the required information will be held un-invested and will be returned to you without interest if your Account Application is rejected. If the required information is obtained, your investment will be accepted and you will pay the NAV per share next calculated after all of the required information is received.

Once we have received all of the required information, federal law requires us to verify your identity. After an account is opened, we may restrict your ability to purchase additional shares until your identity is verified. If we are unable to verify your identity within a reasonable time, the Fund reserves the right to close your account at the current day’s NAV per share. If your account is closed for this reason, your shares will be redeemed at the NAV per share next calculated after the account is closed, less any applicable fees.

Purchases by wire may be canceled if J.P. Morgan Funds Services does not receive payment by 4:00 p.m. ET on the settlement date. You will be responsible for any expenses and/or losses to the Fund.

EXCHANGING FUND SHARES

An exchange is selling shares of one J.P. Morgan Fund and taking the proceeds to simultaneously purchase shares of another J.P. Morgan Fund. Before making an exchange request, you should read the prospectus of the J.P. Morgan Fund whose shares you would like to purchase by exchange. You can obtain a prospectus for any J.P. Morgan Fund by contacting your Financial Intermediary, by visiting www.jpmorganfunds.com, or by calling 1-800-480-4111.

 

EXCHANGE PRIVILEGES

Class R5 Shares of the Fund may be exchanged for:

  Class R5 Shares of another J.P. Morgan Fund,

  Another share class of the same Fund if you are eligible to purchase that class.

In general, the same rules and procedures that apply to redemptions and purchases apply to exchanges:

 

   

All exchanges are subject to meeting any investment minimum or eligibility requirements of the new Fund and class.

 

   

The J.P. Morgan Funds will provide 60 days’ written notice of any termination of or material change to your exchange privilege.

 

   

All exchanges are based upon the net asset value that is next calculated after the Fund receives your order, provided the exchange out of one Fund must occur before the exchange into the other Fund.

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds (continued)

 

 

   

In order for an exchange to take place on the date that the order is submitted, the order must be received prior to the close of both the Fund that you wish to exchange into and the Fund that you wish to exchange out of, otherwise, the exchange will occur on the following business day on which both Funds are open.

 

   

A shareholder that exchanges into shares of the Fund that accrues dividends daily, including a money market fund, will not accrue a dividend on the day of the exchange. A shareholder that exchanges out of shares of the Fund that accrues a daily dividend will accrue a dividend on the day of the exchange.

 

   

The exchange privilege is not intended as a way for you to speculate on short-term movements in the market. Therefore, to prevent disruptions in the management of J.P. Morgan Funds, certain J.P. Morgan Funds limit excessive exchange activity as described in the “Frequent Trading Policy” section. Your exchange privilege will be limited or revoked if the exchange activity is considered excessive. In addition, any J.P. Morgan Fund may reject any exchange request for any reason, including if it is not in the best interests of the Fund and/or its shareholders to accept the exchange.

Tax Consequences on Exchanges

Generally, an exchange between J.P. Morgan Funds is considered a sale and generally results in a capital gain or loss for federal income tax purposes. An exchange between classes of shares of the same Fund is generally not taxable for federal income tax purposes. You should talk to your tax advisor before making an exchange.

REDEEMING FUND SHARES

If you sell shares through your Financial Intermediary, contact your investment representative for their requirements and procedures. If a Financial Intermediary holds your shares, it is the responsibility of the Financial Intermediary to send your redemption order to the Fund. Your Financial Intermediary may have an earlier cut-off time for redemption orders.

If you sell shares directly with the Fund, see the information below.

Your redemption proceeds may be mailed to you at your address of record1 or wired to a pre-existing bank account on file.

 

HOW TO REDEEM

By Phone

 

Call us at 1-800-480-4111

Shareholder Services representatives are available Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 7:00 pm ET.

By Mail  

Regular Mailing Address:

J.P. Morgan Funds Services

P.O. Box 8528

Boston, MA 02266-8528

 

Overnight mailing address:

J.P. Morgan Funds Services

30 Dan Road

Canton, MA 02021-2809

 

1 

You cannot request redemption by check to be sent to an address updated within 30 days.

You may redeem some or all of your shares on any day that the Fund is open for business. You will not be permitted to enter a redemption order for shares purchased directly through J.P. Morgan Funds Services by check for five business days following the acceptance of a purchase order unless you provide satisfactory proof that your purchase check has cleared (sometimes referred to as uncollected shares).

If the Fund or Financial Intermediary receives your redemption order before the close of the NYSE (normally 4 p.m. ET or before 4:00 p.m. ET, if the NYSE closes before 4:00 p.m. ET), you will receive the NAV per share calculated after your redemption order is received in good order (meaning that it includes the information required by, and complies with security requirements implemented by, the Fund’s transfer agent or the Fund), minus the amount of any applicable fees. Your Financial Intermediary may have an earlier cut-off time for redemption orders and may charge a fee to process redemption of shares. A shareholder that redeems out of shares of the Fund that accrues a daily dividend will accrue a dividend on the day of the redemption.

 

 
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All redemption requests must be supported by valid identity authentication, the appropriate documentation (if applicable) and any necessary information in good order. Additional information may be required depending on the situation. For accounts held directly with the Funds, your redemption proceeds will typically be paid within one to seven days after receipt of the redemption order.

Transactions by phone or fax

You may access your account and conduct certain transactions using phone or fax. Phone conversations are recorded. The J.P. Morgan Funds and their agents use reasonable procedures to verify the identity of the shareholder. If these procedures are followed, the Funds and their agents are not liable for any losses, liability, cost or expenses (including attorney fees) that may occur from acting on unauthorized or fraudulent instructions. Therefore please take precautions to protect your account information and immediately review account statements or other information provided to you. In addition, a confirmation is sent promptly after a transaction. Please review it carefully and contact J.P. Morgan Funds Services or your Financial Intermediary immediately about any transaction you believe to be unauthorized. You may revoke your right to make redemptions over the phone or by mailing written instructions to us.

You may not always reach J.P. Morgan Funds Services by phone. This may be true at times of unusual market changes and shareholder activity. You can mail us your instructions or contact your Financial Intermediary. We may modify or cancel the ability to purchase or redeem shares online or by phone without notice.

Additional Information Regarding Redemptions

Medallion signature guarantees may be required if:

 

   

You want to redeem shares with a value of $50,000 or more and you want to receive your proceeds in the form of a check; or

 

   

You want your payment sent to an address, bank account or payee other than the one currently designated on your Fund account.

The Fund may refuse to honor incomplete redemption orders.

The Fund may suspend your ability to redeem when:

 

  1. Trading on the NYSE is restricted;

 

  2. The NYSE is closed (other than weekend and holiday closings);

 

  3. Federal securities laws permit;

 

  4. The SEC has permitted a suspension; or

 

  5. An emergency exists, as determined by the SEC.

You generally will recognize a gain or loss on a redemption for federal income tax purposes. You should talk to your tax advisor before making a redemption.

Generally, all redemptions will be for cash; however, if you redeem shares worth $250,000 or more, the Fund reserves the right to pay part or all of your redemption proceeds in readily marketable securities instead of cash. If payment is made in securities, the Fund will value the securities selected in the same manner in which it computes its NAV. This process minimizes the effect of large redemptions on the Fund and its remaining shareholders. If you receive a distribution in-kind, securities received by you may be subject to market risk and you could incur taxable gains and brokerage or other charges in converting the securities to cash.

Closings, Reorganizations and Liquidations

To the extent authorized by law, the Fund reserves the right to discontinue offering shares at any time, to merge or reorganize itself or a share class, or to cease operations and liquidate at any time.

FREQUENT TRADING POLICY

J.P. Morgan Funds do not authorize market timing and, except for the Fund identified below, use reasonable methods to identify market timers and to prevent such activity. However, there can be no assurance that these methods will prevent market timing or other trading that may be deemed abusive. Market timing is an investment strategy using frequent purchases, redemptions and/or exchanges in an attempt to profit from short-term market movements. Market timing may result in dilution of the value of Fund

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds (continued)

 

shares held by long-term shareholders, disrupt portfolio management and increase Fund expenses for all shareholders. Although market timing may affect any Fund, these risks may be higher for Funds that invest significantly in non-U.S. securities or thinly traded securities (e.g., certain small cap securities), such as international, global or emerging market funds or small cap funds. For example, when the Fund invests in securities trading principally in non-U.S. markets that close prior to the close of the NYSE, market timers may seek to take advantage of the difference between the prices of these securities at the close of their non-U.S. markets and the value of such securities when the Fund calculates its net asset value.

J.P. Morgan Funds or the Distributor will prohibit any purchase order (including exchanges) with respect to one investor, a related group of investors or their agent(s) where they detect a pattern of either purchases and sales of one of the J.P. Morgan Funds, or exchanges between or among J.P. Morgan Funds, that indicates market timing or trading that they determine is abusive.

Although J.P. Morgan Funds use a variety of methods to detect and deter market timing, there is no assurance that the Fund’s own operational systems and procedures will identify and eliminate all market timing strategies. For example, certain accounts, which are known as omnibus accounts, include multiple investors and such accounts typically provide the Fund with a net purchase or redemption order on any given day where purchasers of Fund shares and redeemers of Fund shares are netted against one another and the identity of individual purchasers and redeemers are not known by the Fund. While the Fund seeks to monitor for market timing activities in omnibus accounts, the netting effect limits the Fund’s ability to locate and eliminate individual market timers. As a result, the Fund is often dependent upon Financial Intermediaries who utilize their own policies and procedures to identify market timers. These policies and procedures may be different than those utilized by the Fund.

The Boards of J.P. Morgan Funds have adopted various policies and procedures to identify market timers, including reviewing “round trips” in and out of J.P. Morgan Funds by investors. A “round trip” includes a purchase or exchange into the Fund followed or preceded by a redemption or exchange out of the same Fund. If the Distributor detects that you have completed two round trips within 60 days in the same Fund, the Distributor will reject your purchase and exchange orders for a period of at least 90 days. For subsequent violations, the Distributor may, in its sole discretion, reject your purchase and exchange orders temporarily or permanently. In identifying market timers, the Distributor may also consider activity of accounts that it believes to be under common ownership or control.

J.P. Morgan Funds have attempted to put safeguards in place to assure that Financial Intermediaries have implemented procedures designed to deter market timing and abusive trading. Despite these safeguards, there is no assurance that the Fund will be able to effectively identify and eliminate market timing and abusive trading in the Fund particularly with respect to omnibus accounts.

J.P. Morgan Funds will seek to apply the Fund’s market timing policies and restrictions as uniformly as practicable to accounts with the Fund, except with respect to the following:

 

  1. Trades that occur through omnibus accounts at Financial Intermediaries as described above;

 

  2. Purchases, redemptions and exchanges made on a systematic basis;

 

  3. Automatic reinvestments of dividends and distributions;

 

  4. Purchases, redemptions or exchanges that are part of a rebalancing program, such as a wrap, advisory or bona fide asset allocation program, which includes investment models developed and maintained by a financial intermediary;

 

  5. Redemptions of shares to pay fund or account fees;

 

  6. Transactions initiated by the trustee or adviser to a donor-advised charitable gift fund;

 

  7. Transactions in Section 529 college savings plans;

 

  8. Transactions in Fund of Fund Products;

 

  9. Transactions within a Retirement account such as:

 

   

Shares redeemed to return an excess contribution

 

   

Transactions initiated by sponsors of group employee benefit plans or other related accounts,

 

   

Retirement plan contributions, loans, distributions, and hardship withdrawals,

 

   

IRA re-characterizations and conversions.

 

   

IRA purchases of shares by asset transfer or direct rollover

 

 
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In addition to rejecting purchases, in connection with suspected market timing activities, the Distributor can reject a purchase (including purchases for the Funds listed below) for any reason, including purchases that it does not think are in the best interests of the Fund and/or its shareholders or if it determines the trading to be abusive. Your Financial Intermediary may also have additional procedures for identifying market timers and rejecting or otherwise restricting purchases and/or exchanges.

Certain J.P. Morgan Funds are intended for short-term investment horizons and do not monitor for market timers or prohibit such short-term trading activity. Those Funds are the JPMorgan Short Duration Bond Fund, JPMorgan Short-Intermediate Municipal Bond Fund, JPMorgan Treasury & Agency Fund, JPMorgan Limited Duration Bond Fund, JPMorgan Managed Income Fund, JPMorgan Ultra-Short Municipal Fund and the J.P. Morgan Money Market Funds. Although these Funds are managed in a manner that is consistent with their investment objectives, frequent trading by shareholders may disrupt their management and increase their expenses.

VALUATION

Shares are purchased at net asset value (NAV) per share. This is also known as the offering price. Shares are also redeemed at NAV. The NAV of each class within the Fund varies, primarily because each class has different class-specific expenses such as distribution and shareholder servicing fees.

The NAV per share of a class of the Fund is equal to the value of all the assets attributable to that class, minus the liabilities attributable to that class, divided by the number of outstanding shares of that class. The following is a summary of the procedures generally used to value J.P. Morgan Funds’ investments.

Securities for which market quotations are readily available are generally valued at their current market value. Other securities and assets, including securities for which market quotations are not readily available; market quotations are determined not to be reliable; or, their value has been materially affected by events occurring after the close of trading on the exchange or market on which the security is principally traded but before the Fund’s NAV is calculated, may be valued at fair value in accordance with policies and procedures adopted by the J.P. Morgan Funds’ Board of Trustees. Fair value represents a good faith determination of the value of a security or other asset based upon specifically applied procedures. Fair valuation may require subjective determinations. There can be no assurance that the fair value of an asset is the price at which the asset could have been sold during the period in which the particular fair value was used in determining the Fund’s NAV.

Equity securities listed on a North American, Central American, South American or Caribbean securities exchange are generally valued at the last sale price on the exchange on which the security is principally traded. Other foreign equity securities are fair valued using quotations from an independent pricing service, as applicable. The value of securities listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market, Inc. is generally the NASDAQ official closing price.

Fixed income securities are valued using prices supplied by an approved independent third party or affiliated pricing services or broker/dealers. Those prices are determined using a variety of inputs and factors as more fully described in the Statement of Additional Information.

Assets and liabilities initially expressed in foreign currencies are converted into U.S. dollars at the prevailing market rates from an approved independent pricing service as of 4:00 p.m. ET.

Shares of ETFs are generally valued at the last sale price on the exchange on which the ETF is principally traded. Shares of open-end investment companies are valued at their respective NAVs.

Options (e.g., on stock indices or equity securities) traded on U.S. equity securities exchanges are valued at the composite mean price, using the National Best Bid and Offer quotes at the close of options trading on such exchanges.

Options traded on foreign exchanges or U.S. commodity exchanges are valued at the settled price, or if no settled price is available, at the last sale price available prior to the calculation of the Fund’s NAV and will be fair valued by applying fair value factors provided by independent pricing services, as applicable, for any options involving equity reference obligations listed on exchanges other than North American, Central American, South American or Caribbean securities exchanges.

Exchange traded futures (e.g., on stock indices, debt securities or commodities) are valued at the settled price, or if no settled price is available, at the last sale price as of the close of the exchanges on which they trade. Any futures involving equity reference obligations listed on exchanges other than North American, Central American, South American or Caribbean securities exchanges will be fair valued by applying fair value factors provided by independent pricing services, as applicable.

Non-listed over-the-counter options and futures are valued utilizing market quotations provided by approved pricing services.

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds (continued)

 

Swaps and structured notes are priced generally by an approved independent third party or affiliated pricing service or at an evaluated price provided by a counterparty or broker/dealer.

Any derivatives involving equity reference obligations listed on exchanges other than North American, Central American, South American or Caribbean securities exchanges will be fair valued by applying fair value factors provided by independent pricing services, as applicable.

NAV is calculated each business day as of the close of the NYSE, which is typically 4:00 p.m. ET. On occasion, the NYSE will close before 4:00 p.m. ET. When that happens, NAV will be calculated as of the time the NYSE closes. The Fund will not treat an intraday unscheduled disruption or closure in NYSE trading as a closure of the NYSE and will calculate NAV as of 4:00 p.m. ET, if the particular disruption or closure directly affects only the NYSE. The price at which a purchase is effected is based on the next calculation of NAV after the order is received in proper form in accordance with this prospectus. To the extent the Fund invests in securities that are primarily listed on foreign exchanges or other markets that trade on weekends or other days when the Fund does not price its shares, the value of the Fund’s shares may change on days when you will not be able to purchase or redeem your shares.

DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAXES

The Fund has elected to be treated and intends to qualify each year as a regulated investment company. A regulated investment company is not subject to tax at the corporate level on income and gains from investments that are distributed to shareholders. The Fund’s failure to qualify as a regulated investment company would result in corporate-level taxation and, consequently, a reduction in income available for distribution to shareholders.

The Fund can earn income and realize capital gain. The Fund deducts any expenses and then pays out these earnings, if any, to shareholders as distributions.

The Fund generally distributes net investment income, if any, at least annually. The Fund will distribute net realized capital gains, if any, at least annually. For each taxable year, the Fund will distribute substantially all of its net investment income and net realized capital gains.

You have the following options for your distributions. You may:

 

 

Reinvest all distributions in additional Fund shares;

 

 

Take distributions of net investment income in cash and reinvest distributions of net capital gain in additional shares;

 

 

Take distributions of net capital gain in cash and reinvest distributions of net investment income; or

 

 

Take all distributions in cash.

If you do not select an option when you open your account, we will reinvest all distributions. If your distributions are reinvested, they will be in the form of shares of the same class without a sales charge. If you take your distributions in cash, you can choose to have a check mailed to your address of record or you can have them deposited into a pre-assigned bank account. The taxation of the dividends will not be affected whether you have them deposited into a bank account or sent by check.

Distributions by the Fund to retirement plans and other entities that qualify for tax-exempt or tax-deferred treatment under federal income tax laws will generally not be taxable. Special tax rules apply to investments through such plans. The tax considerations described in this section do not apply to such tax-exempt or tax-deferred entities or accounts. You should consult your tax advisor to determine the suitability of the Fund as an investment and the tax treatment of distributions.

Distributions of net investment income generally are taxable as ordinary income. Dividends of net investment income paid to a non-corporate U.S. shareholder that are properly reported as qualified dividend income generally will be taxable to such shareholder at preferential rates. The maximum individual rate applicable to “qualified dividend income” is either 15% or 20%, depending on whether the individual’s income exceeds certain threshold amounts. The amount of dividend income that may be so reported by the Fund generally will be limited to the aggregate of the eligible dividends received by the Fund. In addition, the Fund must meet certain holding period and other requirements with respect to the shares on which the Fund received the eligible dividends, and the non-corporate U.S. shareholder must meet certain holding period and other requirements with respect to the Fund Shares. Dividends of net investment income that are not reported as qualified dividend income and dividends of net short-term capital gain will be taxable as ordinary income.

Distributions of net capital gain (that is, the excess of the net gains from the sale of investments that the Fund owned for more than one year over the net losses from investments that the Fund owned for one year or less) that are properly reported by the Fund as

 

 
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capital gain dividends will be taxable as long-term capital gain, regardless of how long you have held your shares in the Fund. The maximum individual rate applicable to long-term capital gains is generally either 15% or 20%, depending on whether the individual’s income exceeds certain threshold amounts. Distributions of net short-term capital gain (that is, the excess of any net short-term capital gain over net long-term capital loss), if any, will be taxable to shareholders as ordinary income. Capital gain of a corporate shareholder is taxed at the same rate as ordinary income.

An additional 3.8% Medicare tax is imposed on certain net investment income (including ordinary dividends and capital gain distributions received from the Fund and net gains from redemptions or other taxable dispositions of Fund shares) of U.S. individuals, estates and trusts to the extent that such person’s “modified adjusted gross income” (in the case of an individual) or “adjusted gross income” (in the case of an estate or trust) exceeds certain threshold amounts.

If you buy shares just before distribution, you will be subject to tax on the entire amount of the taxable distribution you receive. Distributions are taxable to you even if they are paid from income or gains earned by the Fund before your investment (and thus were included in the price you paid for your Fund shares). Any gain resulting from the sale or exchange of Fund shares generally will be taxable as long-term or short-term gain, depending upon how long you have held your shares.

The Fund’s investments in certain debt securities and derivative instruments may cause the Fund to recognize taxable income in excess of the cash generated by such obligations. In order to generate sufficient cash to make the requisite distributions, the Fund may be required to liquidate other investments in its portfolio that it otherwise would have continued to hold, including when it is not advantageous to do so. The Fund’s investment in REIT securities also may result in the Fund’s receipt of cash in excess of the REIT’s earnings; if the Fund distributes such amounts, such distributions could constitute a return of capital to Fund shareholders for federal income tax purposes.

The Fund’s transactions in futures contracts, short sales, swaps and other derivatives will be subject to special tax rules, the effect of which may be to accelerate income to the Fund, defer losses to the Fund, cause adjustments in the holding periods of the Fund’s securities, and convert short-term capital losses into long-term capital losses. These rules could therefore affect the amount, timing and character of distributions to shareholders. The Fund’s use of these types of transactions may result in the Fund realizing more short-term capital gain and ordinary income subject to tax at ordinary income tax rates than it would if it did not engage in such transactions.

The extent to which the Fund can invest in master limited partnerships is limited by the Fund’s intention to qualify as a regulated investment company under the Internal Revenue Code.

Please see the Statement of Additional Information for additional discussion of the tax consequences of the above-described and other investments to the Fund and its shareholders.

The dates on which investment income and capital gain, if any, will be distributed are available online at www.jpmorganfunds.com.

Early in each calendar year, the Fund will send you a notice showing the amount of distributions you received in the preceding year and the tax status of those distributions.

The Fund is not intended for foreign shareholders. Any foreign shareholders would generally be subject to U.S. tax-withholding on distributions by the Fund, as discussed in the Statement of Additional Information.

Any investor for whom the Fund does not have a valid Taxpayer Identification Number may be subject to backup withholding.

The above is a general summary of tax implications of investing in the Fund. Because each investor’s tax consequences are unique, please consult your tax advisor to see how investing in the Fund and, for individuals and S corporations, selection of a particular cost method of accounting will affect your own tax situation.

 

IMPORTANT TAX REPORTING CONSIDERATIONS

Your Financial Intermediary or the Fund (if you hold your shares in the Fund direct account) will report gains and losses realized on redemptions of shares for shareholders who are individuals and S corporations purchased after January 1, 2012 to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This information will also be reported to you on Form 1099-B and the IRS each year. In calculating the gain or loss on redemptions of shares, the average cost method will be used to determine the cost basis of Fund shares purchased after January 1, 2012 unless you instruct the Fund in writing at J.P. Morgan Funds Services, P.O. Box 8528, Boston, MA 02266-8528 that you want to use another available method for cost basis reporting (for example, First In, First Out (FIFO), Last In, First Out (LIFO). Specific Lot Identification (SLID) or High Cost, First Out (HIFO)). If you designate SLID as your cost basis method, you will also need

 

 
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Investing with J.P. Morgan Funds (continued)

 

 

to designate a secondary cost basis method (Secondary Method). If a Secondary Method is not provided, the Fund will designate FIFO as the Secondary Method and will use the Secondary Method with respect to systematic withdrawals.

Not all cost basis methods are available. Please contact the Fund at J.P. Morgan Funds Services, P.O. Box 8528, Boston, MA 02266-8528 for more information on the available methods for cost basis reporting. To determine which available cost basis method is best for you, you should consult with your tax advisor. Please note that you will be responsible for calculating and reporting gains and losses on redemptions of shares purchased prior to January 1, 2012 to the IRS as such information will not be reported by the Fund and may not be maintained by your Financial Intermediary.

Your Financial Intermediary or the Fund (if you hold your shares in the Fund direct account) is also required to report gains and losses to the IRS in connection with redemptions of shares by S corporations. If a shareholder is a corporation and has not instructed the Fund that it is a C corporation in its account application or by written instruction to J.P. Morgan Funds Services, P.O. Box 8528, Boston, MA 02266-8528, the Fund will treat the shareholder as an S corporation and file a Form 1099-B.

SHAREHOLDER STATEMENTS AND REPORTS

The Fund or your Financial Intermediary will send you transaction confirmation statements and quarterly account statements. Please review these statements carefully. The Fund will correct errors if notified within one year of the date printed on the transaction confirmation or account statement. Your Financial Intermediary may have a different cut-off time. J.P. Morgan Funds will charge a fee for requests for statements that are older than two years. Please retain all of your statements, as they could be needed for tax purposes.

To reduce expenses and conserve natural resources, the Fund will deliver a single copy of prospectuses and financial reports to individual investors who share a residential address, provided they have the same last name or the Fund reasonably believes they are members of the same family. If you would like to receive separate mailings, please call 1-800-480-4111 and the Fund will begin individual delivery within 30 days. If you would like to receive these documents by e-mail, please visit www.jpmorganfunds.com and sign up for electronic delivery.

If you hold your Fund shares directly, you may access your account statements at www.jpmorganfunds.com.

After each fiscal half-year, you will receive a financial report from the Fund. In addition, the Fund will periodically send you proxy statements and other reports.

If you have any questions or need additional information, please write to J.P. Morgan Funds Services at P.O. Box 8528, Boston, MA 02266-8528, call 1-800-480-4111 or visit www.jpmorganfunds.com.

AVAILABILITY OF PROXY VOTING RECORD

The Trustees have delegated the authority to vote proxies for securities owned by the Fund to the Fund’s adviser. A copy of the Fund’s voting record for the most recent 12-month period ended June 30 is available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on the J.P. Morgan Funds’ website at www.jpmorganfunds.com no later than August 31 of each year. The Fund’s proxy voting record will include, among other things, a brief description of the matter voted on for each portfolio security, and will state how each vote was cast, for example, for or against the proposal.

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS DISCLOSURE

No sooner than 30 days after the end of each month, the Fund will make available upon request an uncertified, complete schedule of its portfolio holdings as of the last day of that month. Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal quarter, the Fund will make available upon request a complete schedule of its portfolio holdings as of the last day of that quarter.

The Fund will post these quarterly schedules on the J.P. Morgan Funds’ website at www.jpmorganfunds.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

In addition, the top five holdings that contributed to Fund performance and top five holdings that detracted from Fund performance are also posted on the J.P. Morgan Funds’ website at www.jpmorganfunds.com no sooner than 10 calendar days after month end.

The Fund may disclose the Fund’s 10 largest portfolio holdings and the percentage that each represents of the Fund’s portfolio as of the most recent month end online at www.jpmorganfunds.com, no sooner than 10 calendar days after month end.

 

 
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In addition, from time to time, the Fund may post portfolio holdings on J.P. Morgan Funds’ website on a more frequent basis.

Shareholders may request portfolio holdings schedules at no charge by calling 1-800-480-4111. A description of the Fund’s policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio holdings is available in the Statement of Additional Information.

 

 
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Glossary of Common Investment Terminology

 

For the purpose of the “INVESTING WITH J.P. MORGAN FUNDS” section, references to “account” and “Fund” are not interchangeable. Fund refers to an individual mutual fund position. An account may be invested in a single Fund or multiple Funds.

Capital Gains Distribution — Payment to mutual fund shareholders of gains realized on securities that the Fund has sold at a profit, minus any realized losses.

Dividend Distribution — Payment to mutual fund shareholders of income from interest or dividends generated by the Fund’s investments.

Financial Intermediaries — Include financial advisors, investment advisers, brokers, financial planners, banks, insurance companies, retirement or 401(k) plan administrators and others, including various affiliates of JPMorgan Chase, that have entered into agreements with the Distributor and/or shareholder servicing agent. Shares purchased this way will typically be held for you by the Financial Intermediary.

Group Retirement Plans — Employer-sponsored retirement, deferred compensation and employee benefit plans (including health savings accounts) and trusts used to fund those plans. To satisfy eligibility requirements, the plan must be a group plan (more than one participant), the shares cannot be held in a commission-based brokerage account and the shares must be held a) at a plan level or b) at the Fund level through an omnibus account of a retirement plan recordkeeper. Group Retirement Plans include group employer-sponsored 401(k) plans, 457 plans, employer-sponsored 403(b) plans, profit-sharing

and money purchase pension plans, defined benefit plans, retiree health benefit plans and non-qualified deferred compensation plans. Class R5 Shares generally are not available to non-retirement accounts, traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), Coverdell Education Savings Accounts, SEPs, SARSEPs, SIMPLE IRAs, KEOGHs, individual 401(k) plans or individual 403(b) plans.

Medallion Signature Guarantee — A special stamp used to verify the authenticity of certain documents. It is a guarantee by a financial institution that the signature is genuine and the financial institution accepts liability for any forgery. Medallion signature guarantees protect shareholders by preventing unauthorized transfer of assets that could result in monetary losses to the investor due to fraud. Medallion guarantee stamps can be obtained at many bank branches or brokerage firms.

Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) — The distribution amount that Traditional, SEP, and SIMPLE IRA owners must begin to take from their retirement accounts by April 1st the year after they reach age 70  1/2.

Uncollected Shares — Shares purchased directly through J.P. Morgan Funds Services by check are not available for redemption for up to five business days following the acceptance of a purchase order unless you provide satisfactory proof that your purchase check has cleared.

Wire — refers to a method used for payment or redemptions. While J.P. Morgan Funds does not charge to send a wire, your bank may charge a fee for this service.

 

 

 
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Risk and Reward Elements for the Fund

 

This table discusses the main elements that may make up the Fund’s overall risk and reward characteristics. It also outlines the Fund’s policies toward various investments, including those that are designed to help the Fund manage risk.

 

POTENTIAL RISKS    POTENTIAL REWARDS    POLICIES TO BALANCE RISK AND REWARD
Market conditions affecting equity securities      

 The Fund’s share price and performance will fluctuate in response to stock market movements

 

 The market value of convertible securities and other debt securities tends to fall when prevailing interest rates rise. The value of convertible securities also tends to change whenever the market value of the underlying common or preferred stock fluctuates

 

 Adverse market, economic, political or other conditions may from time to time cause the Fund to take temporary defensive positions that are inconsistent with its principal investment strategies and may hinder the Fund from achieving its investment objective

  

 Stocks have generally outperformed more stable investments (such as bonds and cash equivalents) over the long term

  

 Under normal circumstances the Fund plans to remain fully invested in accordance with its policies and the Fund may invest uninvested cash in affiliated money market funds; in addition to the securities described in the “What are the Fund’s main investment strategies?” section, equity securities may include common stocks, convertible securities1, preferred stocks2, depositary receipts, (such as American Depositary Receipts and Global Depositary Receipts), trust or partnership interests, warrants and rights3 and investment company securities

 

 The Fund seeks to limit risk and enhance performance through active management and/or diversification

 

 During severe market downturns, the Fund has the option of investing up to 100% of its total assets in high quality, short-term instruments

     
Management choices      

 The Fund could underperform its benchmark due to its securities and asset allocation choices

  

 The Fund could outperform its benchmark due to these same choices

  

 The adviser focuses its active management on securities selection, the area where it believes its commitment to research can most enhance returns and manage risks in a consistent way

 

1 Convertible securities are bonds or preferred stock that can convert to common stock.

 

2 Preferred stock is a class of stock that generally pays a dividend at a specified rate and has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and in liquidation.

 

3 Warrants and rights are securities, typically issued with preferred stock or bonds, that give the holder the right to buy a proportionate amount of common stock at a specified price.

 

 
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Risk and Reward Elements for the Fund (continued)

 

 

POTENTIAL RISKS    POTENTIAL REWARDS    POLICIES TO BALANCE RISK AND REWARD
Derivatives*      

 Derivatives such as futures, options, swaps, contracts for difference and forward foreign currency contracts1 that are used for hedging the portfolio or specific securities may not fully offset the underlying positions and this could result in losses to the Fund that would not have otherwise occurred

 

 The Fund may have difficulty exiting a derivatives position

 

 Derivatives used for risk management or, to increase the Fund’s gain may not have the intended effects and may result in losses or missed opportunities

 

 The counterparty to a derivatives contract could default

 

 Derivatives that involve leverage could magnify losses

 

 Certain types of derivatives involve costs to the Fund which can reduce returns

 

 Segregated or earmarked assets and collateral accounts established in connection with derivatives may limit the Fund’s investment flexibility

 

 Derivatives used for non-hedging purposes could cause losses that exceed the original investment

 

 Derivatives may, for tax purposes, affect the character of gain and loss realized by the Fund, accelerate recognition of income to the Fund, affect the holding period of the Fund’s assets and defer recognition of certain of the Fund’s losses

  

 Hedges that correlate well with underlying positions can reduce or eliminate losses at low cost

 

 The Fund could make money and protect against losses if management’s analysis proves correct

 

 Derivatives that involve leverage could generate substantial gains at low cost

  

 The Fund may use derivatives to more effectively gain targeted equity exposure from its cash positions, for hedging and for risk management (i.e., to adjust duration or yield curve exposure or to establish or adjust exposure to particular securities, markets or currencies); risk management may include management of the Fund’s exposure relative to its benchmark; the Fund may also use derivatives in an effort to enhance returns

 

 The Fund only establishes hedges that it expects will be highly correlated with underlying positions

 

 While the Fund may use derivatives that incidentally involve leverage, they do not use them for the specific purpose of leveraging their portfolios

 

 The Fund segregates or earmarks liquid assets to cover its derivatives and offset a portion of the leverage risk

 

* The Fund is not subject to registration or regulation as a “commodity pool operator” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act because the Fund has claimed an exclusion from that definition.

 

1 A futures contract is an agreement to buy or sell a set quantity of an underlying instrument at a future date, or to make or receive a cash payment based on changes in the value of a securities index. An option is the right to buy or sell a set quantity of an underlying instrument at a predetermined price. A swap is a privately negotiated agreement to exchange one stream of payments for another. A contract for difference (CFD) is a contract between two parties in which one pays to the other a sum of money based on the difference between the current value of a security or instrument and its value on a specified future date. A forward foreign currency contract is an obligation to buy or sell a given currency on a future date and at a set price.

 

 
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POTENTIAL RISKS    POTENTIAL REWARDS    POLICIES TO BALANCE RISK AND REWARD
Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)1 and other investment companies      

 If the Fund invests in shares of another investment company or pooled investment vehicle, shareholders would bear not only their proportionate share of the Fund’s expenses, but also similar expenses of the ETF or other investment company

 

 The price movement of an ETF (whether passively or actively managed) may not track the underlying index, market, sector, regions or industries and may result in a loss

  

 Investments in other investment companies or pooled investment vehicles help to manage smaller cash flows

 

 Investing in ETFs offers instant exposure to an index or a broad range of markets, sectors, geographic regions and industries

  

 Generally, the Fund’s investments in other investment companies, including ETFs structured as investment companies, are subject to the percentage limitations of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act)

 

 Exemptive orders granted to various ETFs and their investment advisers by the SEC permit the Fund to invest beyond the 1940 Act limits, subject to certain terms and conditions, including a finding of the Board of Trustees that the advisory fees charged by the Fund’s adviser are for services that are in addition to, and not duplicative of, the advisory services provided to those ETFs

 

 Under SEC Rule 12d1-1, the Fund may invest in both affiliated and unaffiliated money market funds without limit subject to the Fund’s investment policies and restrictions and the conditions of the rule

     
Foreign investments      

 Currency exchange rate movements could reduce gains or create losses

 

 The Fund could lose money because of foreign government actions, political instability or lack of adequate and accurate information

 

 Currency and investment risks tend to be higher in emerging markets; these markets also present higher liquidity and valuation risks

  

 Favorable exchange rate movements could generate gains or reduce losses

 

 Foreign investments, which represent a major portion of the world’s securities, offer attractive potential performance and opportunities for diversification

 

 Emerging markets can offer higher returns

  

 The Fund anticipate that total foreign investments will not exceed 20% of total assets

 

 The Fund may actively manage the currency exposure of their foreign investments relative to their benchmarks, and may hedge back into the U.S. dollar from time to time (see also “Derivatives”); these currency management techniques may not be available for certain emerging markets investments

     
Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs)      

 Holders of MLP units have limited control and voting rights, similar to those of a limited partner

 

 An MLP could be taxed, contrary to its intention, as a corporation, resulting in decreased returns

 

 MLPs may, for tax purposes, affect the character of the gain and loss realized by the Fund and affect the holding period of the Fund’s assets

  

 MLPs can offer attractive returns

 

 MLPs may offer more attractive yields or potential growth than comparable equity securities

 

 MLPs offer attractive potential performance and opportunities for diversification

  

 The Fund will limit its direct and indirect investments in MLPs to maintain its status as a registered investment company

 

 The Fund anticipates that its total investments in MLPs will not exceed 10% of total assets

 

1 ETFs are pooled investment vehicles whose ownership interests are purchased and sold on a securities exchange. ETFs may be structured as investment companies, depositary receipts or other pooled investment vehicles. Passively managed ETFs generally seek to track the performance of a particular market index, including broad-based market indexes, as well as indexes relating to particular sectors, markets, regions or industries. Actively managed ETFs do not seek to track the performance of a particular market index.

 

 
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Risk and Reward Elements for the Fund (continued)

 

 

POTENTIAL RISKS    POTENTIAL REWARDS    POLICIES TO BALANCE RISK AND REWARD
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)1      

 The value of real estate securities in general, and REITs in particular, are subject to the same risks as direct investments in real estate and will depend on the value of the underlying properties or the underlying loans or interests

 

 The value of these securities will rise and fall in response to many factors, including economic conditions, the demand for rental property and interest rates. In particular, the value of these securities may decline when interest rates rise and will also be affected by the real estate market and by the management of the underlying properties

 

 REITs may be more volatile and/or more illiquid than other types of equity securities

 

 If a REIT fails to distribute its required taxable income or to satisfy the other requirements of REIT status, it would be taxed as a corporation, and amounts available for distribution to shareholders (including the Fund) would be reduced by any corporate taxes payable by the REIT

  

 The Fund can gain exposure to an additional asset class in order to further diversify its assets

 

 The Fund may receive current income from its REIT investments

 

 If a REIT meets the requirements of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, it will not be taxed on income it distributes to its shareholders; as a result, more income can be distributed by the REIT

  

 The Fund’s adviser will carefully evaluate particular REITs before and after investment based on its investment process and will also monitor economic and real estate trends affecting the value of REITs.

 

 Unless investing in REITs is described in the “What are the Fund’s main investment strategies?” section, the Fund’s investments in REITs will generally be limited to less than 10% of the Fund’s assets.

     
Securities lending      

 When the Fund lends a security, there is a risk that the loaned securities may not be returned if the borrower or the lending agent defaults

 

 The collateral will be subject to the risks of the securities in which it is invested

  

 The Fund may enhance income through the investment of the collateral received from the borrower

  

 The adviser maintains a list of approved borrowers

 

 The Fund receives collateral equal to at least 100% of the current value of the securities loaned

 

 The lending agents indemnify the Fund against borrower default

 

 The adviser’s collateral investment guidelines limit the quality and duration of collateral investment to minimize losses

 

 Upon recall, the borrower must return the securities loaned within the normal settlement period

     
Illiquid holdings      

 The Fund could have difficulty valuing these holdings precisely

 

 The Fund could be unable to sell these holdings at the time or price desired

  

 These holdings may offer more attractive yields or potential growth than comparable widely traded securities

  

 No Fund may invest more than 15% of net assets in illiquid holdings

 

 To maintain adequate liquidity to meet redemptions, the Fund may hold high quality, short-term securities (including repurchase agreements) and may borrow from banks as permitted by law

 

1 REITs are pooled investment vehicles which invest primarily in income-producing real estate or loans related to real estate.

 

 
28       J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS


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POTENTIAL RISKS    POTENTIAL REWARDS    POLICIES TO BALANCE RISK AND REWARD
Short-term trading      

 Increased trading would raise the Fund’s transaction costs

 

 Increased short-term capital gain distributions would raise shareholders’ income tax liability. Such an increase in transaction costs and/or tax liability, if not offset by gain from short-term trading, would reduce the Fund’s returns

  

 The Fund could realize gain in a short period of time

 

 The Fund could protect against losses if a security is overvalued and its value later falls

  

 The Fund generally avoids short-term trading, except to take advantage of attractive or unexpected opportunities or to meet demands generated by shareholder activity

     
When-issued and delayed delivery securities      

 When the Fund buys securities before issue or for delayed delivery, it could be exposed to leverage risk if it does not segregate or earmark liquid assets

  

 The Fund can take advantage of attractive transaction opportunities

  

 The Fund segregates or earmarks liquid assets to offset leverage risks

 

 
SEPTEMBER 15, 2016         29   


Table of Contents

Financial Highlights

 

The financial highlights table is intended to help you understand the Fund’s financial performance for the share class for each of the past one through five fiscal years. Certain information reflects financial results for a single Fund share. The total returns in the table represent the rate that an investor would have earned (or lost) on an investment in the Fund (assuming reinvestment of all dividends and distributions). The information for each period presented has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, whose report, along with the Fund’s financial statements, are included in the Fund’s annual report, which is available upon request.

To the extent the Fund invests in other Funds, the Total Annual Operating Expenses included in the Fee Table will not correlate to the ratio of expenses to average net assets in the financial highlights below.

             Per share operating performance  
            Investment operations      Distributions  
      Net asset
value,
beginning
of period
     Net
investment
income
(loss)
     Net realized
and unrealized
gains
(losses) on
investments
     Total from
investment
operations
     Net
investment
income
     Net
realized
gain
     Total
distributions
 
Small Cap Core Fund                     
Class R5*                     
Year Ended June 30, 2016    $ 56.18       $ 0.15 (d)     $ (5.25    $ (5.10    $ (0.32    $ (4.86    $ (5.18
Year Ended June 30, 2015      58.70         0.37 (d)       3.20         3.57         (0.10      (5.99      (6.09
Year Ended June 30, 2014      48.11         0.15 (e)       13.44         13.59         (0.27      (2.73      (3.00
Year Ended June 30, 2013      37.54         0.37 (f)       10.63         11.00         (0.43              (0.43
Year Ended June 30, 2012      39.44         0.27 (g)       (1.98      (1.71      (0.19              (0.19
* Class R5 Share were Select Class Shares until September 15, 2016.
(a) Includes adjustments in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and as such, the net asset values for financial reporting purposes and the returns based upon those net asset values may differ from the net asset values and returns for shareholder transactions.
(b) Includes earnings credits and interest expense, if applicable, each of which is less than 0.005% unless otherwise noted.
(c) Portfolio turnover is calculated by dividing the lesser of total purchases or sales of portfolio securities for the reporting period by the monthly average value of portfolio securities owned during the reporting period. Excluded from both the numerator and denominator are amounts relating to derivatives and securities whose maturities or expiration dates at the time of acquisition were one year or less.
(d) Calculated based upon average shares outstanding.
(e) Reflects special dividends paid out during the period by one of the Fund’s holdings. Had the Fund not received the special dividends, the net investment income (loss) per share would have been $0.09 and the net investment income (loss) ratio would have been 0.17%.
(f) Reflects special dividends paid out during the period by one of the Fund’s holdings. Had the Fund not received the special dividends, the net investment income (loss) per share would have been $0.19 and the net investment income (loss) ratio would have been 0.44%.
(g) Reflects special dividends paid out during the period by one of the Fund’s holdings. Had the Fund not received the special dividends, the net investment income (loss) per share would have been $0.14 and the net investment income (loss) ratio would have been 0.39%.

 

 
30       J.P. MORGAN U.S. EQUITY FUNDS


Table of Contents
 

 

    Ratios/Supplemental data  
                  Ratios to average net assets        
Net asset
value, end
of period
   

Total

return
(excludes sales
charge) (a)

    Net assets
end of
period
(000’s)
    Net
expenses (b)
    Net
investment
income
(loss)
    Expenses
without waivers,
reimbursements
and earnings credits
    Portfolio
turnover
rate (c)
 
           
           
$ 45.90        (8.97 )%    $ 164,573        0.80     0.30     1.16     58
  56.18        7.01        815,652        0.80        0.66        1.13        56   
  58.70        28.95        703,307        0.79        0.28 (e)      1.12        51   
  48.11        29.50        522,295        0.79        0.84 (f)      1.19        55   
  37.54        (4.29     406,590        0.80        0.64 (g)      1.02        45   

 

 
SEPTEMBER 15, 2016         31   


Table of Contents

HOW TO REACH US

 

MORE INFORMATION

For investors who want more information on the Fund the following documents are available free upon request:

ANNUAL AND SEMI-ANNUAL REPORTS

Our annual and semi-annual reports contain more information about the Fund’s investments and performance. The annual report also includes details about the market conditions and investment strategies that had a significant effect on the Fund’s performance during the last fiscal year.

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION (SAI)

The SAI contains more detailed information about the Fund and its policies. It is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. This means, by law, it is considered to be part of this prospectus.

You can get a free copy of these documents and other information, or ask us any questions, by calling us at 1-800-480-4111 or writing to:

J.P. Morgan Funds

Services P.O. Box 8528

Boston, MA 02266-8528

If you buy your shares through a Financial Intermediary, you should contact that Financial Intermediary directly for this

information. You can also find information online at www.jpmorganfunds.com.

You can write or e-mail the SEC’s Public Reference Room and ask them to mail you information about the Fund, including the SAI. They will charge you a copying fee for this service. You can also visit the Public Reference Room and copy the documents while you are there.

Public Reference Room of the SEC

Washington, DC 20549-1520

1-202-551-8090

Email: publicinfo@sec.gov

Reports, a copy of the SAI and other information about the Fund are also available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.

Investment Company Act File No. for the Fund is 811-21295.

 

©JPMorgan Chase & Co., 2016. All rights reserved. September 2016.

 

PR-SCCR5-916

  LOGO


Table of Contents

J.P. Morgan U.S. Equity Funds

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION — PART I

September 15, 2016

JPMORGAN TRUST I (“JPMT I”)

 

Fund Name    R5

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund (the “Fund”)

   VSSCX

This Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) is not a prospectus but contains additional information which should be read in conjunction with the Class R5 Shares prospectus for the Fund dated September 15, 2016, as supplemented from time to time (“Prospectus”). Additionally, this SAI incorporates by reference the financial statements included in the annual Shareholder Report relating to the Fund dated June 30, 2016, (collectively, “Financial Statements”). The Prospectus and the Financial Statements, including the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm’s Reports, are available without charge upon request by contacting JPMorgan Distribution Services, Inc. (“JPMDS” or the “Distributor”), the Fund’s distributor, at 1111 Polaris Parkway, Columbus, OH 43240.

This SAI is divided into two Parts – Part I and Part II. Part I of this SAI contains information that is particular to the Fund. Part II of this SAI contains additional information that more generally applies to the Fund and other J.P. Morgan Funds.

For more information about the Fund or the Financial Statements, simply write or call:

J.P. Morgan Funds Services

P.O. Box 8528

Boston, MA 02266-8528

1-800-480-4111

SAI-SCC-916


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

 

GENERAL

     1   

The Trust and the Fund

     1   

Share Classes

     1   

Miscellaneous

     1   

INVESTMENT POLICIES

     2   

INVESTMENT PRACTICES

     4   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING FUND INVESTMENT PRACTICES

     9   

QUALITY DESCRIPTION

     9   

DIVERSIFICATION

     9   

PORTFOLIO TURNOVER

     9   

TRUSTEES

     9   

Standing Committees

     9   

Ownership of Securities

     10   

Trustee Compensation

     10   

INVESTMENT ADVISER

     11   

Investment Advisory Fees

     11   

PORTFOLIO MANAGERS

     12   

Portfolio Managers’ Other Accounts Managed

     12   

Portfolio Managers’ Ownership of Securities

     12   

ADMINISTRATOR

     12   

Administrator Fees

     12   

DISTRIBUTOR

     13   

Compensation Paid to JPMDS

     13   

Distribution Fees

     13   

SHAREHOLDER SERVICING

     13   

Shareholder Services Fees

     13   

BROKERAGE AND RESEARCH SERVICES

     13   

Brokerage Commissions

     13   

Broker Research

     14   

Securities of Regular Broker-Dealers

     14   

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES

     14   

Other Cash Compensation Payments

     14   

TAX MATTERS

     14   

Capital Loss Carryforwards

     14   

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS DISCLOSURE

     14   

SHARE OWNERSHIP

     14   

Trustees and Officers

     14   

Principal Holders

     15   

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

     16   

 

1


Table of Contents

GENERAL

The Trust and the Fund

JPMT I Historical Information

JPMT I is an open-end, management investment company formed as a statutory trust under the laws of the State of Delaware on November 12, 2004, pursuant to a Declaration of Trust, dated November 5, 2004. The Fund which is a series of JPMT I is a successor mutual fund to J.P. Morgan Funds that were series of J.P. Morgan Mutual Fund Series at the close of business on February 18, 2005 (“Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds”). The Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds operated as a series of another legal entity prior to reorganizing and redomiciling as series of J.P. Morgan Mutual Fund Series on February 18, 2005.

The Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds were formerly series of the following business trusts (the “Predecessor JPMorgan Trusts”):

J.P. Morgan Mutual Fund Select Group (“JPMMFSG”)

JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

Shareholders of the Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds approved an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and Redomiciliation (“Shell Reorganization Agreements”) between the Predecessor JPMorgan Trusts, on behalf of the Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds, on behalf of its series. Pursuant to the Shell Reorganization Agreements, the Predecessor J.P. Morgan Funds were reorganized into the corresponding series of J.P. Morgan Mutual Fund Series (“JPMMFS”) effective after the close of business on February 18, 2005 (“Closing Date”).

Fund Names. Prior to February 19, 2005, certain JPMT I Funds had the following name listed below corresponding to its current name:

 

Former Name

  

Current Name

JPMorgan Trust Small Cap Equity Fund    JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

In addition, effective May 1, 2003, the following Fund of JPMMFSG was renamed with the approval of the Board of Trustees:

 

Former Name

  

Name As Of May 1, 2003

J.P. Morgan Select Small Cap Equity Fund    JPMorgan Trust Small Cap Equity Fund*

 

* As of February 19, 2005, the JPMorgan Trust Small Cap Equity Fund became the JPMorgan Small Cap Core Fund

Share Classes

Share Classes. Shares in the Fund are generally offered in multiple classes. The following chart shows the share classes offered (or which may be offered in the future) by the Fund as of the date of this SAI:

 

Fund

   Class A      Class C      Class R5     Class R6  

Small Cap Core Fund

     X         X         X     X   

 

* Until September 15, 2016, Class R5 Shares were known as Select Class Shares.

The shares of the Fund are collectively referred to in this SAI as the “Shares.” This SAI applies only to Class R5 Shares of the Fund.

Miscellaneous

This SAI describes the financial history, investment strategies and policies, management and operation of the Fund in order to enable investors to select the Fund or Funds which best suit their needs.

This SAI provides additional information with respect to the Fund and should be read in conjunction with the relevant Fund’s current Prospectuses. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein have the meanings accorded to them in the applicable Prospectus. The Fund’s executive offices are located at 270 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10017.

This SAI is divided into two Parts — Part I and Part II. Part I of this SAI contains information that is particular to the Fund. Part II of this SAI contains information that generally applies to the Fund and other series representing separate investment funds or portfolios of JPMT I, JPMorgan Trust II (“JPMT II”), JPMorgan Trust III (“JPMT III”), JPMorgan Trust IV (“JPMT IV”), J.P. Morgan Mutual Fund Investment Trust (“JPMMFIT”) and

 

Part I - 1


Table of Contents

J.P. Morgan Fleming Mutual Fund Group, Inc. (“JPMFMFG”) (each a “J.P. Morgan Fund”, and together with the Fund, the “J.P. Morgan Funds”). Throughout this SAI, JPMT I, JPMT II, JPMT III, JPMT IV, JPMMFIT and JPMFMFG are each referred to as a “Trust” and collectively, as the “Trusts.” Each Trust’s Board of Trustees, or Board of Directors in the case of JPMFMFG, is referred to herein as the “Board of Trustees,” and each trustee or director is referred to as a “Trustee.”

The Fund is advised by J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc. (“JPMIM”). Certain other of the J.P. Morgan Funds are advised by Security Capital Research & Management Incorporated (“SCR&M”), J.P. Morgan Alternative Asset Management, Inc. (“JPMAAM”), and/or sub-advised by J.P. Morgan Private Investments Inc. (“JPMPI”) or JF International Management Inc. (“JFIMI”). JPMIM, SCR&M, JPMAAM, JPMPI, and JFIMI are also referred to herein as the “Advisers” and, individually, as the “Adviser.” JPMPI and JFIMI are also referred to herein as the “Sub-Advisers” and, individually, as the “Sub- Adviser.”

Investments in the Fund are not deposits or obligations of, or guaranteed or endorsed by, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan Chase Bank”), an affiliate of the Adviser, or any other bank. Shares of the Fund are not federally insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Board, or any other governmental agency. An investment in the Fund is subject to risk that may cause the value of the investment to fluctuate, and when the investment is redeemed, the value may be higher or lower than the amount originally invested by the investor.

The Fund is not subject to registration or regulation as a “commodity pool operator” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act because the Fund has claimed an exclusion from that definition.

INVESTMENT POLICIES

The following investment policies have been adopted by the respective Trust with respect to the Fund. The investment policies listed below under the heading “Fundamental Investment Policies” are “fundamental” policies which, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), may not be changed without the vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities of the Fund, as such term is defined in “Additional Information” in Part II of this SAI. All other investment policies of the Fund (including its investment objective) are non-fundamental, unless otherwise designated in the Fund’s Prospectuses or herein, and may be changed by the Trustees of the Fund without shareholder approval. For purposes of this SAI, the Securities Act of 1933 is defined herein as the “1933 Act” or the “Securities Act”.

Except for the restrictions on borrowings set forth below in each set of Fundamental Investment policies, the percentage limitations contained in the policies below apply at the time of purchase of the securities. If a percentage or rating policy on investment or use of assets set forth in a fundamental investment policy or a non-fundamental investment policy or in a Prospectus is adhered to at the time of investment, later changes in percentage resulting from any cause other than actions by the Fund will not be considered a violation. If the value of the Fund’s holdings of illiquid securities at any time exceeds the percentage limitation applicable at the time of acquisition due to subsequent fluctuations in value or other reasons, the Fund’s Adviser will consider what actions, if any, are appropriate to maintain adequate liquidity. With respect to each fundamental investment policy regarding borrowing, the 1940 Act generally limits the Fund’s ability to borrow money on a non-temporary basis if such borrowings constitute “senior securities.” As noted in “Investment Strategies and Policies — Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks — Borrowings” in the SAI Part II, in addition to temporary borrowing, the Fund may borrow from any bank, provided that immediately after any such borrowing there is an asset coverage of at least 300% for all borrowings by the Fund and provided further, that in the event that such asset coverage shall at any time fall below 300%, the Fund shall, within three days (not including Sundays and holidays) thereafter or such longer period as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) may prescribe by rules and regulations, reduce the amount of its borrowings to such an extent that the asset coverage of such borrowing shall be at least 300%. The Fund may also borrow money or engage in economically similar transactions if those transactions do not constitute “senior securities” under the 1940 Act. Under current pronouncements, certain Fund positions (e.g., reverse repurchase agreements) are excluded from the definition of “senior security” so long as the Fund maintains adequate cover, segregation of assets or otherwise. Similarly, a short sale will not be considered a senior security if the Fund takes certain steps contemplated by SEC staff pronouncements, such as ensuring the short sale transaction is adequately covered. If the value of the Fund’s holdings of illiquid securities at any time exceeds the percentage limitation applicable at the time of acquisition due to subsequent fluctuations in value or other reasons, the Fund’s Adviser will consider what actions, if any, are appropriate to maintain adequate liquidity.

 

Part I - 2


Table of Contents

For purposes of the fundamental investment policies regarding industry concentration, “to concentrate” generally means to invest more than 25% of the Fund’s total assets, taken at market value at the time of investment. For purposes of the fundamental investment policy regarding industry concentration, the Adviser may classify issuers by industry in accordance with classifications set forth in the Directory of Companies Filing Annual Reports with the SEC or other sources. In the absence of such classification or if the Adviser determines in good faith based on its own information that the economic characteristics affecting a particular issuer make it more appropriate to be considered engaged in a different industry, the Adviser may classify an issuer accordingly. Accordingly, the composition of an industry or group of industries may change from time to time. For purposes of fundamental investment policies involving industry concentration, “group of industries”, to the extent such term is applicable, means a group of related industries, as determined in good faith by the Adviser, based on published classifications or other sources.

Shareholders of the Small Cap Core Fund must be given at least 30 days’ prior written notice of any change in such Fund’s investment objectives.

In addition, the Fund, has an 80% investment policy which is described in such Fund’s Prospectuses. In calculating assets for purposes of the Fund’s 80% investment policy, assets are net assets plus the amount of any borrowings. This policy may be changed by the Board of Trustees without shareholder approval. However, the Fund will provide shareholders with written notice at least 60 days prior to a change in its 80% investment policy.

Fundamental Investment Policies. The Fund:

 

  (1) May not borrow money, except to the extent permitted by applicable law.

 

  (2) May make loans to other persons, in accordance with such Fund’s investment objective and policies and to the extent permitted by applicable law.

 

  (3) May not purchase the securities of any issuer (other than securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government or any of its agencies or instrumentalities, or repurchase agreements secured thereby) if, as a result, more than 25% of the Fund’s total assets would be invested in the securities of companies whose principal business activities are in the same industry. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to the Fund’s permissible futures and options transactions in U.S. Government securities, positions in such options and futures shall not be subject to this restriction.

 

  (4) May not purchase or sell physical commodities unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities or other instruments but this shall not prevent the Fund from (i) purchasing or selling options and futures contracts or from investing in securities or other instruments backed by physical commodities or (ii) engaging in forward purchases or sales of foreign currencies or securities.

 

  (5) May not purchase or sell real estate unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities or other instruments (but this shall not prevent the Fund from investing in securities or other instruments backed by real estate or securities of companies engaged in the real estate business). Investments by the Fund in securities backed by mortgages on real estate or in marketable securities of companies engaged in such activities are not hereby precluded.

 

  (6) May not issue any senior security (as defined in the 1940 Act), except that (i) the Fund may engage in transactions that may result in the issuance of senior securities to the extent permitted under applicable regulations and interpretations of the 1940 Act or an exemptive order; (ii) the Fund may acquire other securities, the acquisition of which may result in the issuance of a senior security, to the extent permitted under applicable regulations or interpretations of the 1940 Act; and (iii) subject to the restrictions set forth above, the Fund may borrow money as authorized by the 1940 Act. For purposes of this restriction, collateral arrangements with respect to permissible options and futures transactions, including deposits of initial and variation margin, are not considered to be the issuance of a senior security.

 

  (7) May not underwrite securities issued by other persons except insofar as the Fund may technically be deemed to be an underwriter under the Securities Act in selling a portfolio security.

 

  (8) May not purchase securities of any issuer if such a purchase would not be consistent with the maintenance of the Fund’s status as a diversified company under the 1940 Act, or the rules or regulations thereunder, as such statute, rules or regulations may be amended from time to time.

 

Part I - 3


Table of Contents

In addition, as a matter of fundamental policy, notwithstanding any other investment policy or restriction, the Small Cap Core Fund, may seek to achieve its investment objective by investing all of its investable assets in another investment company having substantially the same investment objective and policies as the Fund. For purposes of investment policy (5) above, real estate includes Real Estate Limited Partnerships. For purposes of investment policy (3) above, industrial development bonds, where the payment of principal and interest is the ultimate responsibility of companies within the same industry, are grouped together as an “industry.” Investment policy (3) above, however, is not applicable to investments by the Fund in municipal obligations where the issuer is regarded as a state, city, municipality or other public authority since such entities are not members of an “industry.” Supranational organizations are collectively considered to be members of a single “industry” for purposes of policy (3) above.

Non-Fundamental Investment Policies. The Fund:

 

  (1) May not, with respect to 50% of its assets, hold more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any issuer.

 

  (2) May not make short sales of securities, other than short sales against the box, or purchase securities on margin except for short-term credits necessary for clearance of portfolio transactions, provided that this policy will not be applied to limit the use of options, future contracts and related options, in the manner otherwise permitted by the investment restrictions, policies and investment program of the Fund. The Fund does not have the current intention of making short sales against the box.

 

  (3) May not purchase or sell interests in oil, gas or mineral leases.

 

  (4) May not invest more than 15% of its net assets in illiquid securities.

 

  (5) May not write, purchase or sell any put or call option or any combination thereof, provided that this shall not prevent (i) the writing, purchasing or selling of puts, calls or combinations thereof with respect to portfolio securities or (ii) with respect to the Fund’s permissible futures and options transactions, the writing, purchasing, ownership, holding or selling of futures and options positions or of puts, calls or combinations thereof with respect to futures.

 

  (6) May invest in the securities of other investment companies to the extent permitted by applicable Federal securities law; provided, however, that a Mauritius holding company (a “Mauritius Portfolio Company”) will not be considered an investment company for this purpose.

 

  (7) May not acquire the securities of registered open-end investment companies or registered unit investment trusts in reliance on Section 12(d)(1)(F) or 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act.

For purposes of the investment policies regarding the Small Cap Core Fund, the issuer of a tax-exempt security is deemed to be the entity (public or private) ultimately responsible for the payment of the principal of and interest on the security.

INVESTMENT PRACTICES

The Fund invests in a variety of securities and employ a number of investment techniques. What follows is a list of some of the securities and techniques which may be utilized by the Fund. For a more complete discussion, see the “Investment Strategies and Policies” section in Part II of this SAI.

 

Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

Adjustable Rate Mortgage Loans (“ARMs”): Loans in a mortgage pool which provide for a fixed initial mortgage interest rate for a specified period of time, after which the rate may be subject to periodic adjustments.    Mortgage-Related Securities
Asset-Backed Securities: Securities secured by company receivables, home equity loans, truck and auto loans, leases, and credit card receivables or other securities backed by other types of receivables or other assets.    Asset-Backed Securities
Auction Rate Securities: Auction rate municipal securities and auction rate preferred securities issued by closed-end investment companies.    Auction Rate Securities

 

Part I - 4


Table of Contents
Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

Bank Obligations: Bankers’ acceptances, certificates of deposit and time deposits. Bankers’ acceptances are bills of exchange or time drafts drawn on and accepted by a commercial bank. Maturities are generally six months or less. Certificates of deposit are negotiable certificates issued by a bank for a specified period of time and earning a specified return. Time deposits are non-negotiable receipts issued by a bank in exchange for the deposit of funds.    Bank Obligations
Borrowings: The Fund may borrow for temporary purposes and/or for investment purposes. Such a practice will result in leveraging of the Fund’s assets and may cause the Fund to liquidate portfolio positions when it would not be advantageous to do so. The Fund must maintain continuous asset coverage of 300% of the amount borrowed, with the exception for borrowings not in excess of 5% of the Fund’s total assets made for temporary administrative purposes.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Brady Bonds: Securities created through the exchange of existing commercial bank loans to public and private entities in certain emerging markets for new bonds in connection with debt restructurings.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
Call and Put Options: A call option gives the buyer the right to buy, and obligates the seller of the option to sell, a security at a specified price at a future date. A put option gives the buyer the right to sell, and obligates the seller of the option to buy, a security at a specified price at a future date.    Options and Futures Transactions
Commercial Paper: Secured and unsecured short-term promissory notes issued by corporations and other entities. Maturities generally vary from a few days to nine months.    Commercial Paper
Common Stock: Shares of ownership of a company.    Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights
Common Stock Warrants and Rights: Securities, typically issued with preferred stock or bonds, that give the holder the right to buy a proportionate amount of common stock at a specified price.    Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights
Convertible Securities: Bonds or preferred stock that can convert to common stock including contingent convertible securities.    Convertible Securities
Corporate Debt Securities: May include bonds and other debt securities of domestic and foreign issuers, including obligations of industrial, utility, banking and other corporate issuers.    Debt Instruments
Credit Default Swaps (“CDSs”): A swap agreement between two parties pursuant to which one party pays the other a fixed periodic coupon for the specified life of the agreement. The other party makes no payment unless a credit event, relating to a predetermined reference asset, occurs. If such an event occurs, the party will then make a payment to the first party, and the swap will terminate.    Swaps and Related Swap Products
Demand Features: Securities that are subject to puts and standby commitments to purchase the securities at a fixed price (usually with accrued interest) within a fixed period of time following demand by the Fund.    Demand Features
Emerging Market Securities: Securities issued by issuers or governments in countries with emerging economies or securities markets which may be undergoing significant evolution and rapid development.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”): Ownership interest in unit investment trusts, depositary receipts, and other pooled investment vehicles that hold a portfolio of securities or stocks designed to track the price performance and dividend yield of a particular broad-based, sector or international index. ETFs include a wide range of investments.    Investment Company Securities and Exchange Traded Funds

 

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Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

Foreign Currency Transactions: Strategies used to hedge against currency risks, for other risk management purposes or to increase income or gain to the Fund. These strategies may consist of use of any of the following: options on currencies, currency futures, options on such futures, forward foreign currency transactions (including non-deliverable forwards (“NDFs”)), forward rate agreements and currency swaps, caps and floors.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
Foreign Investments: Equity and debt securities (e.g., bonds and commercial paper) of foreign entities and obligations of foreign branches of U.S. banks and foreign banks. Foreign securities may also include American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”), Global Depositary Receipts (“GDRs”), European Depositary Receipts (“EDRs”) and American Depositary Securities.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
High Yield/High Risk Securities/Junk Bonds: Securities that are generally rated below investment grade by the primary rating agencies or are unrated but are deemed by the Fund’s Adviser to be of comparable quality.    Debt Instruments
Inflation-Linked Debt Securities: Includes fixed and floating rate debt securities of varying maturities issued by the U.S. government as well as securities issued by other entities such as corporations, foreign governments and foreign issuers.    Debt Instruments
Initial Public Offerings (“IPOs”): A transaction in which a previously private company makes its first sale of stock to the public.    Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights
Interfund Lending: Involves lending money and borrowing money for temporary purposes through a credit facility.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Inverse Floating Rate Instruments: Leveraged variable debt instruments with interest rates that reset in the opposite direction from the market rate of interest to which the inverse floater is indexed.    Inverse Floaters and Interest Rate Caps
Investment Company Securities: Shares of other investment companies, including money market funds for which the Adviser and/or its affiliates serve as investment adviser or administrator. The Adviser will waive certain fees when investing in funds for which it serves as investment adviser, to the extent required by law or by contract.    Investment Company Securities and Exchange Traded Funds
Loan Assignments and Participations: Assignments of, or participations in, all or a portion of loans to corporations or governments, including governments in less developed countries.    Loans
Master Limited Partnerships (“MLPs”): Limited partnerships that are publicly traded on a securities exchange.    Master Limited Partnerships
Mortgages (Directly Held): Debt instruments secured by real property.    Mortgage-Related Securities
Mortgage-Backed Securities: Debt obligations secured by real estate loans and pools of loans such as collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”), commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBSs”), and other asset-backed structures.    Mortgage-Related Securities
Mortgage Dollar Rolls: A transaction in which the Fund sells securities for delivery in a current month and simultaneously contracts with the same party to repurchase similar but not identical securities on a specified future date.    Mortgage-Related Securities
Municipal Securities: Securities issued by a state or political subdivision to obtain funds for various public purposes. Municipal securities include, among others, private activity bonds and industrial development bonds, as well as general obligation notes, tax anticipation notes, bond anticipation notes, revenue anticipation notes, other short-term tax-exempt obligations, municipal leases, obligations of municipal housing authorities and single-family revenue bonds.    Municipal Securities

 

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Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

New Financial Products: New options and futures contracts and other financial products continue to be developed and the Fund may invest in such options, contracts and products.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Obligations of Supranational Agencies: Obligations which are chartered to promote economic development and are supported by various governments and governmental agencies.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
Options and Futures Transactions: The Fund may purchase and sell (a) exchange traded and over-the-counter put and call options on securities, indexes of securities and futures contracts on securities and indexes of securities and (b) futures contracts on securities and indexes of securities.    Options and Futures Transactions
Preferred Stock: A class of stock that generally pays a dividend at a specified rate and has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and in liquidation.    Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights
Private Placements, Restricted Securities and Other Unregistered Securities: Securities not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, such as privately placed commercial paper and Rule 144A securities.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”): Pooled investment vehicles which invest primarily in income producing real estate or real estate related loans or interest.    Real Estate Investment Trusts
Repurchase Agreements: The purchase of a security and the simultaneous commitment to return the security to the seller at an agreed upon price on an agreed upon date. This is treated as a loan.    Repurchase Agreements
Reverse Repurchase Agreements: The sale of a security and the simultaneous commitment to buy the security back at an agreed upon price on an agreed upon date. This is treated as a borrowing by the Fund.    Reverse Repurchase Agreements
Securities Issued in Connection with Reorganizations and Corporate Restructurings: In connection with reorganizing or restructuring of an issuer, an issuer may issue common stock or other securities to holders of its debt securities.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Securities Lending: The lending of up to 33 1/3% of the Fund’s total assets. In return, the Fund will receive cash, other securities, and/or letters of credit as collateral.    Securities Lending
Short Selling: The Fund sells a security it does not own in anticipation of a decline in the market value of the security. To complete the transaction, the Fund must borrow the security to make delivery to the buyer. The Fund is obligated to replace the security borrowed by purchasing it subsequently at the market price at the time of replacement.    Short Selling
Short-Term Funding Agreements: Agreements issued by banks and highly rated U.S. insurance companies such as Guaranteed Investment Contracts (“GICs”) and Bank Investment Contracts (“BICs”).    Short-Term Funding Agreements
Sovereign Obligations: Investments in debt obligations issued or guaranteed by a foreign sovereign government, or its agencies, authorities or political subdivisions.    Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)
Stripped Mortgage-Backed Securities: Derivative multi-class mortgage securities which are usually structured with two classes of shares that receive different proportions of the interest and principal from a pool of mortgage assets. These include Interest Only (“IO”) and Principal-Only (“PO”) securities issued outside a Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit (“REMIC”) or CMO structure.    Mortgage-Related Securities

 

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Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

Structured Investments: A security having a return tied to an underlying index or other security or asset class. Structured investments generally are individually negotiated agreements and may be traded over-the-counter. Structured investments are organized and operated to restructure the investment characteristics of the underlying index, commodity, currency or financial instrument.    Structured Investments
Swaps and Related Swap Products: Swaps involve an exchange of obligations by two parties. Caps and floors entitle a purchaser to a principal amount from the seller of the cap or floor to the extent that a specified index exceeds or falls below a predetermined interest rate or amount. The Fund may enter into these transactions to manage its exposure to changing interest rates and other factors.    Swaps and Related Swap Products
Synthetic Variable Rate Instruments: Instruments that generally involve the deposit of a long-term tax exempt bond in a custody or trust arrangement and the creation of a mechanism to adjust the long-term interest rate on the bond to a variable short-term rate and a right (subject to certain conditions) on the part of the purchaser to tender it periodically to a third party at par.    Swaps and Related Swap Products
Temporary Defensive Positions: To respond to unusual circumstances, the Fund may invest a portion of its total assets in cash and cash equivalents for temporary defensive purposes.    Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks
Treasury Receipts: The Fund may purchase interests in separately traded interest and principal component parts of U.S. Treasury obligations that are issued by banks or brokerage firms and that are created by depositing U.S. Treasury notes and U.S. Treasury bonds into a special account at a custodian bank. Receipts include Treasury Receipts (“TRs”), Treasury Investment Growth Receipts (“TIGRs”), and Certificates of Accrual on Treasury Securities (“CATS”).    Treasury Receipts
Trust Preferreds: Securities with characteristics of both subordinated debt and preferred stock. Trust preferreds are generally long term securities that make periodic fixed or variable interest payments.    Trust Preferred Securities
U.S. Government Agency Securities: Securities issued by agencies and instrumentalities of the U.S. government. These include all types of securities issued by the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”), the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”), including funding notes, subordinated benchmark notes, CMOs and REMICs.    Mortgage-Related Securities
U.S. Government Obligations: May include direct obligations of the U.S. Treasury, including Treasury bills, notes and bonds, all of which are backed as to principal and interest payments by the full faith and credit of the United States, and separately traded principal and interest component parts of such obligations that are transferable through the Federal book-entry system known as Separate Trading of Registered Interest and Principal of Securities (“STRIPS”) and Coupons Under Book-Entry-Safekeeping (“CUBES”).    U.S. Government Obligations
Variable and Floating Rate Instruments: Obligations with interest rates which are reset daily, weekly, quarterly or some other frequency and which may be payable to the Fund on demand or at the expiration of a specified term.    Debt Instruments
When-Issued Securities, Delayed Delivery Securities and Forward Commitments: Purchase or contract to purchase securities at a fixed price for delivery at a future date.    When-Issued Securities, Delayed Delivery Securities and Forward Commitments

 

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Instrument   

Part II

Section Reference

Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Deferred Payment Securities: Zero-coupon securities are securities that are sold at a discount to par value and on which interest payments are not made during the life of the security. Pay-in-kind securities are securities that have interest payable by delivery of additional securities. Deferred payment securities are zero-coupon debt securities which convert on a specified date to interest bearing debt securities.    Debt Instruments

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING FUND INVESTMENT PRACTICES

Foreign Investments

Investments in all types of foreign securities will not exceed 20% of the total assets of the Fund.

QUALITY DESCRIPTION

At the time the Fund invests in any commercial paper, bank obligation or repurchase agreement, the issuer must have outstanding debt rated A or higher by Moody’s or S&P and the issuer’s parent corporation, if any, must have outstanding commercial paper rated Prime-1 by Moody’s or A-1 by S&P, or if no such ratings are available, the investment must be of comparable quality in the Adviser’s opinion. At the time the Fund invests in any other short-term debt securities, they must be rated A or higher by Moody’s or S&P, or if unrated, the investment must be of comparable quality in the Adviser’s opinion.

DIVERSIFICATION

JPMT I is a registered open-end investment company. The Fund intends to meet the diversification requirement of the 1940 Act.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Diversification” section in Part II of this SAI.

PORTFOLIO TURNOVER

A portfolio turnover rate is, in summary, the percentage computed by dividing the lesser of the Fund’s purchases or sales of securities (excluding short-term securities) by the average market value of the Fund. The Adviser intends to manage the Fund’s assets by buying and selling securities to help attain its investment objective. A rate of 100% indicates that the equivalent of all of the Fund’s assets have been sold and reinvested in a year. High portfolio turnover may affect the amount, timing and character of distributions, and, as a result, may increase the amount of taxes payable by shareholders. Higher portfolio turnover also results in higher transaction costs. To the extent that net short-term capital gains are realized by the Fund, any distributions resulting from such gains are considered ordinary income for federal income tax purposes. For a more complete discussion, see the “Distributions and Tax Matters” section in Part II of this SAI.

The table below sets forth the Fund’s portfolio turnover rates for the two fiscal years indicated.

 

Fund      Fiscal Year
Ended 6/30/15
       Fiscal Year
Ended 6/30/16
 

Small Cap Core Fund

       56        58

TRUSTEES

Standing Committees

There are six standing committees of the Board of Trustees: the Audit and Valuation Committee, the Compliance Committee, the Governance Committee, the Equity Committee, the Fixed Income Committee and the

 

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Money Market and Alternative Products Committee. The following table shows how often each Committee met for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016:

 

Committees

   Fiscal Year
Ended 6/30/16
 

Audit and Valuation Committee

     4   

Compliance Committee

     4   

Governance Committee

     6   

Equity Committee

     5   

Fixed Income Committee

     6   

Money Market and Alternative Products Committee

     6   

For a more complete discussion, see the “Trustees” section in Part II of this SAI.

Ownership of Securities

The following table shows the dollar range of each Trustee’s beneficial ownership in the Fund and each Trustee’s aggregate dollar range of ownership in any J.P. Morgan Funds that the Trustee (each of which is an Independent Trustee) oversees in the Family of Investment Companies as of December 31, 2015:

 

Name of Trustee

     Ownership of
Small Cap  Core Fund
       Aggregate Dollar Range
of Equity Securities in
All Registered
Investment Companies
Overseen by the
Trustee in Family of
Investment
Companies(1), (2)
 

Independent Trustees

         

John F. Finn

       None           Over $100,000   

Dr. Matthew Goldstein

       None           Over $100,000   

Robert J Higgins

       None           Over $100,000   

Frankie D. Hughes

       None           Over $100,000   

Peter C. Marshall

       None           Over $100,000   

Mary E. Martinez

       None           $50,001–$100,000   

Marilyn McCoy

       None           Over $100,000   

Mitchell M. Merin

       None           Over $100,000   

Dr. Robert A. Oden, Jr.

       None           Over $100,000   

Marian U. Pardo

       None           Over $100,000   

Frederick W. Ruebeck

       None           Over $100,000   

James J. Schonbachler

       None           Over $100,000   

 

(1) A Family of Investment Companies means any two or more registered investment companies that share the same investment adviser or principal underwriter and hold themselves out to investors as related companies for purposes of investment and investor services. The Family of Investment Companies for which the Board of Trustees currently serves includes twelve registered investment companies (151 Funds).
(2) For Ms. McCoy and Messrs. Finn, Higgins, Marshall, Oden, Ruebeck, and Schonbachler, these amounts include deferred compensation balances, as of December 31, 2015, through participation in the J.P. Morgan Funds’ Deferred Compensation Plan for Eligible Trustees. For a more complete discussion, see the “Trustee Compensation” section in Part II of this SAI.

As of December 31, 2015, none of the independent Trustees or their immediate family members owned securities of the Advisers or JPMDS or a person (other than a registered investment company) directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by or under common control with the Advisers or JPMDS.

Trustee Compensation

Prior to January 1, 2016, the Funds of the J.P. Morgan Funds Complex overseen by the Trustees paid each Trustee an annual base fee of $315,000 and reimbursed each Trustee for expenses incurred in connection with service as a Trustee. In addition, the Funds paid the Chairman $225,000 and the Vice Chairman $75,000. Committee chairs who were not already receiving an additional fee were each paid $50,000 annually in addition to their base fee. Additionally, the Funds reimbursed expenses of the Chairman in the amount of $4,000 per month.

Beginning January 1, 2016, the Funds of the J.P. Morgan Funds Complex overseen by the Trustees pay each Trustee an annual base fee of $340,000. Committee chairs who are not already receiving an additional fee are each paid $50,000 annually in addition to their base fee. In addition, the Funds pay the Chairman $225,000 annually and

 

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reimburse expenses of the Chairman in the amount of $4,000 per month. The Chairman receives no additional compensation for service as committee chair.

Trustee aggregate compensation paid by the Fund and the J.P. Morgan Funds Complex for the calendar year ended December 31, 2015, is set forth below:

 

Name of Trustee

   Small
Cap Core
Fund
     Total
Compensation
Paid from
Fund
Complex(1)
 

Independent Trustees

     

John F. Finn

   $ 481       $ 365,000 (2) 

Dr. Matthew Goldstein

     712         540,000   

Robert J Higgins

     415         315,000 (3) 

Frankie D. Hughes

     415         315,000   

Peter C. Marshall

     514         390,000 (4) 

Mary E. Martinez

     415         315,000   

Marilyn McCoy

     481         365,000   

Mitchell M. Merin

     481         365,000   

William G Morton, Jr.*

     415         315,000   

Dr. Robert A. Oden, Jr.

     415         315,000 (5) 

Marian U. Pardo

     415         315,000   

Frederick W. Ruebeck

     481         365,000 (6) 

James J. Schonbachler

     481         365,000 (7) 

 

(1) A Fund Complex means two or more registered investment companies that (i) hold themselves out to investors as related companies for purposes of investment and investor services, or (ii) have a common investment adviser or, have an investment adviser that is an affiliated person of the investment adviser of any of the other registered investment companies. The J.P. Morgan Funds Complex for which the Board of Trustees currently serves includes twelve registered investment companies (151 Funds).
(2) Includes $365,000 of Deferred Compensation.
(3) Includes $315,000 of Deferred Compensation.
(4) Includes $117,000 of Deferred Compensation.
(5) Includes $31,500 of Deferred Compensation.
(6) Includes $255,500 of Deferred Compensation.
(7) Includes $237,250 of Deferred Compensation.
* William G. Morton, Jr. retired as Trustee of the Trusts effective December 31, 2015.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Trustee Compensation” section in Part II of this SAI.

INVESTMENT ADVISER

Investment Advisory Fees

The table below sets forth the investment advisory fees paid by the Fund to JPMIM (waived amounts are in parentheses), as applicable with respect to the fiscal years indicated (amounts in thousands):

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     June 30, 2014     June 30, 2015     June 30, 2016  

Fund

   Paid      Waived     Paid      Waived     Paid      Waived  

Small Cap Core Fund

   $ 4,006       $ (101   $ 3,159       $ (1,656   $ 1,750       $ (1,239

For a more complete discussion, see the “Investment Advisers” section in Part II of this SAI.

 

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PORTFOLIO MANAGERS

Portfolio Managers’ Other Accounts Managed*

The following table shows information regarding all of the other accounts for which advisory fees are not based on the performance of the accounts that are managed by each portfolio manager as of February 29, 2016:

 

     Non-Performance Based Fee Advisory Accounts  
     Registered Investment
Companies
     Other Pooled Investment
Vehicles
     Other Accounts  
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
 

Small Cap Core Fund

  

Dennis Ruhl

     27       $ 13,691,577         10       $ 2,490,271         20       $ 1,439,726   

Phillip Hart

     16         6,882,942         4         715,451         9         996,926   

The following table shows information on the other accounts managed by each portfolio manager that have advisory fees wholly or partly based on performance as of February 29, 2016:

 

     Performance Based Fee Advisory Accounts  
     Registered Investment
Companies
     Other Pooled Investment
Vehicles
     Other Accounts  
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
     Number
of
Accounts
     Total Assets
($thousands)
 

Small Cap Core Fund

  

Dennis Ruhl

     0       $ 0         2       $ 1,190,279         0       $ 0   

Phillip Hart

     0         0         0         0         0         0   

 

* The total value and number of accounts managed by a portfolio manager may include sub-accounts of asset allocation, multi-managed and other accounts.

Portfolio Managers’ Ownership of Securities

The following table indicates for the Fund the dollar range of shares beneficially owned by each portfolio manager, as of June 30, 2016:

 

   

Aggregate Dollar Range of Securities in the Fund

 

Fund

 

None

  $1-$10,000     $10,001-
$50,000
    $50,001-
$100,000
    $100,001-
$500,000
    $500,001-
$1,000,000
    over
$1,000,000
 

Small Cap Core Fund

  

Dennis Ruhl

            X       

Phillip Hart

            X       

For a more complete discussion, see the “Portfolio Manager Compensation” section in Part II of this SAI.

ADMINISTRATOR

Administrator Fees

The table below sets forth the administration and administrative services fees paid or accrued by the Fund to J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc.1, the Fund’s prior Administrator (the amounts voluntarily waived are in parentheses) for the fiscal years indicated (amounts in thousands):

 

     Fiscal Year Ended  
     June 30, 2014     June 30, 2015     June 30, 2016  

Fund

   Paid      Waived     Paid      Waived     Paid      Waived  

Small Cap Core Fund

   $ 120       $ (408   $       $ (609   $ 4       $ (373

 

1 JPMorgan Funds Management, Inc., the former Administrator, was merged with and into J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc. effective April 1, 2016.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Administrator” section in Part II of this SAI.

 

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DISTRIBUTOR

Compensation Paid to JPMDS

The following table describes the compensation paid to the principal underwriter, JPMDS, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 (amounts have been rounded to the nearest whole dollar):

 

Fund

   Net Underwriting
Discounts and
Commissions
     Compensation on
Redemptions and
Repurchases
     Brokerage
Commissions
     Other
Compensation*
 

Small Cap Core Fund

   $       $       $       $ 17   

 

* Fees paid by the Fund pursuant to Rule 12b-1 are provided in the “Distribution Fees” section below.

The following table sets forth the aggregate amount of underwriting commissions retained by JPMDS from the Fund with respect to the fiscal years indicated (amounts have been rounded to the nearest whole dollar):

 

       Fiscal Year Ended  

Fund

     June 30, 2014        June 30, 2015        June 30, 2016  

Small Cap Core Fund

     $         $         $   

For more information on JPMDS, see the “Distributor” section in Part II of this SAI.

Distribution Fees

The Class R5 Shares of the Fund do not have a Distribution Plan.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Distribution Plan” section in Part II of this SAI.

SHAREHOLDER SERVICING

Shareholder Services Fees

Under the Shareholder Servicing Agreement, the Fund has agreed to pay JPMDS, for providing shareholder services and other related services, a fee at the following annual rates (expressed as a percentage of the average daily net asset value (“NAV”) of Fund shares owned by or for shareholders):

 

Class R5

     0.05 %* 

 

* Prior to 9/15/16 when the Fund’s Select Class Shares were renamed and redesignated as Class R5 Shares, JPMDS was paid an annual fee of 0.25% or the average daily net assets of the Select Class Shares of the Fund.

The table below sets forth the fees paid or accrued to JPMDS (the amounts voluntarily waived are in parentheses) on the Fund’s Select Class Shares for the fiscal years indicated (amounts in thousands):

 

       Fiscal Year Ended
6/30/2014
     Fiscal Year Ended
6/30/2015
     Fiscal Year Ended
6/30/2016
 

Fund

     Paid        Waived      Paid        Waived      Paid        Waived  

Small Cap Core Fund

                         

Select Class Shares

     $         $ (1,580    $ 1,646        $ (206    $ 1,104         $ (46

For a more complete discussion, see the “Shareholder Servicing” section in Part II of this SAI.

BROKERAGE AND RESEARCH SERVICES

Brokerage Commissions

The table below sets forth the brokerage commissions paid by the Fund with respect to the fiscal years indicated:

 

       Fiscal Year Ended  

Fund

     June 30, 2014        June 30, 2015        June 30, 2016  

Small Cap Core Fund

              

Total Brokerage Commissions

     $ 549,000         $ 641,889         $ 458,813   

Brokerage Commissions to Affiliated Broker/Dealers

                             

 

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Broker Research

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, the Adviser allocated brokerage commissions to brokers who provided broker research, including third party research, for the Fund as follows:

 

Fund Name

   Amount  

Small Cap Core Fund

   $ 599,781   

Securities of Regular Broker-Dealers

As of June 30, 2016, the Fund owned no securities of their regular broker-dealers (or parents).

For a more complete discussion, see the “Portfolio Transactions” section in Part II of this SAI.

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES

Other Cash Compensation Payments

During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, JPMIM, SCR&M and JPMAAM paid approximately $199,912,997, $23,856 and $62,955, respectively, for all the J.P. Morgan Funds pursuant to written agreements with Financial Intermediaries (including both FINRA members and non-members) including written agreements for sub-transfer agency and/or omnibus accounting services (collectively, “Omnibus Sub-Accounting”) and networking.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Additional Compensation to Financial Intermediaries” section in Part II of this SAI.

TAX MATTERS

Capital Loss Carryforwards

For Federal income tax purposes, the Fund did not have any capital loss carryforwards for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.

For a more complete discussion, see the “Distributions and Tax Matters” section in Part II of this SAI.

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS DISCLOSURE

A list of the entities that receive the Fund’s portfolio holdings information, the frequency with which it is provided to them and the length of the lag between the date of the information and the date it is disclosed is provided below:

 

Bloomberg LP

     Monthly       30 days after month end

Casey, Quirk & Associates

     Monthly       30 days after month end

Lipper, Inc.

     Monthly       30 days after month end

Morningstar Inc.

     Monthly       30 days after month end

Vickers Stock Research Corp.

     Monthly       30 days after month end

The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. — Standard & Poor’s

     Monthly       30 days after month end

Factset

     Monthly       5 days after month end

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

     Monthly       30 days after month end

For a more complete discussion, see the “Portfolio Holdings Disclosure” section in Part II of this SAI.

SHARE OWNERSHIP

Trustees and Officers

As of December 31, 2015, the Shares covered by this SAI were not available for purchase so the officers and Trustees, as a group, did not own Class R5 Shares of the Fund.

 

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Principal Holders

As of August 15, 2016, the persons who owned of record, or were known by the Trust to own beneficially, 5% or more of the outstanding shares of the Select Class Shares of the Fund were:

 

Name of Fund/Share Class    Name and Address of Shareholder    Percentage
Held
 
JPMORGAN SMALL CAP CORE FUND   

SELECT CLASS SHARES

  

BUWI & CO C/O

FARMERS TRUST COMPANY

ATTN TRUST OPS 8TH FLOOR

PO BOX 149

YOUNGSTOWN OH 44501-0149

     5.40%   
     
  

FIRST CLEARING LLC

SPECIAL CUSTODY ACCT FOR THE

EXCLUSIVE BENEFIT OF CUSTOMER

2801 MARKET STREET

ST LOUIS MO 63103-2523

     5.40%   
     
  

JOHN HANCOCK TRUST COMPANY LLC

690 CANTON ST STE 100

WESTWOOD MA 02090-2324

     19.31%   
     
  

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK N.A.*

FBO CLIENTS

ATTN PB MF OPS 3OPS3 DE3-3740

500 STANTON CHRISTIANA RD

NEWARK DE 19713-2105

     10.24%   
     
  

NATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES LLC

FOR THE EXCLUSIVE BENEFIT OF OUR

CUSTOMERS

ATTN MUTUAL FUNDS DEPT 4TH FL

499 WASHINGTON BLVD

JERSEY CITY NJ 07310-2010

     15.87%   
     
  

THE NORTHERN TRUST CO TTEE

FBO APOLLO DV

50 S LA SALLE ST

CHICAGO IL 60603-1003

     12.03%   
     
  

WELLS FARGO BANK FBO

BROWN-FOREMAN CORP SAV PLAN

1525 WEST WT HARRIS BLVD # 25811100

CHARLOTTE NC 28288-1076

     5.18%   

 

* The shareholder of record is a subsidiary or affiliate of JPMorgan Chase & Co. (a “JPMorgan Affiliate”). Typically, the shares are held for the benefit of underlying accounts for which the JPMorgan Affiliate may have voting or investment power. To the extent that JPMorgan Affiliates own 25% or more of a class of shares of a Fund, JPMorgan Chase & Co. may be deemed to be a “controlling person” of such shares under the 1940 Act.

 

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Persons owning 25% or more of the outstanding shares of the Fund may be presumed to “control” (as that term is defined in the 1940 Act) the Fund. As a result, those persons may have the ability to control the outcome on any matter requiring the approval of shareholders of the Fund.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial Statements are incorporated by reference into this SAI. The Financial Statements for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, have been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm to the Fund, as indicated in its reports with respect thereto, and are incorporated herein by reference in reliance upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing in giving said reports. These Financial Statements are available without charge upon request by calling J.P. Morgan Funds Services at 1-800-480-4111.

 

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J.P. Morgan Funds

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

PART II

Part II of this SAI describes policies and practices that apply to each of the J.P. Morgan Funds, for which Part I precedes this Part II. Part II is not a standalone document and must be read in conjunction with Part I. References in this Part II to a “Fund” mean each J.P. Morgan Fund, unless noted otherwise. Capitalized terms used and not otherwise defined in this Part II have the meanings given to them in Part I of this SAI.


Table of Contents

PART II

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INVESTMENT STRATEGIES AND POLICIES

     1   

Asset-Backed Securities

     1   

Auction Rate Securities

     2   

Bank Obligations

     2   

Commercial Paper

     3   

Convertible Securities

     3   

Custodial Receipts

     4   

Debt Instruments

     4   

Below Investment Grade Securities

     4   

Corporate Debt Securities

     5   

High Yield/High Risk Securities/Junk Bonds

     5   

Inflation-Linked Debt Securities

     5   

Variable and Floating Rate Instruments

     6   

Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Deferred Payment Securities

     8   

Impact of Market Conditions on the Risks Associated with Debt Securities

     8   

Demand Features

     8   

Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights

     9   

Common Stock

     9   

Common Stock Warrants and Rights

     9   

Preferred Stock

     9   

Initial Public Offerings (“IPOs”)

     9   

Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)

     9   

Risk Factors of Foreign Investments

     10   

Brady Bonds

     11   

Global Depository Notes

     11   

Obligations of Supranational Entities

     11   

Sukuk

     11   

Emerging Market Securities

     11   

Sovereign Obligations

     13   

Foreign Currency Transactions

     13   

Risk Factors in Foreign Currency Transactions

     17   

Insurance-Linked Securities

     18   

Inverse Floaters and Interest Rate Caps

     19   

Investment Company Securities and Exchange Traded Funds

     19   

Investment Company Securities

     19   

Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”)

     19   

Loans

     20   

Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks

     24   

Borrowings

     24   

Commodity-Linked Derivatives

     24   

Commodity-Related Pooled Investment Vehicles

     24   

Cyber Security Risk

     25   

Volcker Rule Risk

     25   

Exchange-Traded Notes (“ETNs”)

     25   

Impact of Large Redemptions and Purchases of Fund Shares

     26   

Government Intervention in Financial Markets

     26   

Interest Bearing Deposit Facility

     26   

Interfund Lending

     26   

Master Limited Partnerships

     27   

New Financial Products

     27   

Private Placements, Restricted Securities and Other Unregistered Securities

     28   

Securities Issued in Connection with Reorganizations and Corporate Restructuring

     29   

Stapled Securities

     29   

Temporary Defensive Positions

     29   

Mortgage-Related Securities

     29   

Mortgages (Directly Held)

     29   

Mortgage-Backed Securities (“CMOs” and “REMICs”)

     29   

 

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Mortgage TBAs

     31   

Mortgage Dollar Rolls

     32   

Stripped Mortgage-Backed Securities

     32   

Adjustable Rate Mortgage Loans

     32   

Risk Factors of Mortgage-Related Securities

     33   

Municipal Securities

     36   

Risk Factors in Municipal Securities

     38   

Limitations on the Use of Municipal Securities

     39   

Options and Futures Transactions

     39   

Purchasing Put and Call Options

     40   

Selling (Writing) Put and Call Options on Securities

     40   

Engaging in Straddles and Spreads

     41   

Options on Indexes

     41   

Exchange-Traded and OTC Options

     41   

Futures Contracts

     42   

Cash Equitization

     42   

Options on Futures Contracts

     42   

Combined Positions

     43   

Correlation of Price Changes

     43   

Liquidity of Options and Futures Contracts

     43   

Foreign Investment Risk

     43   

Position Limits

     43   

Asset Coverage for Futures Contracts and Options Positions

     44   

Real Estate Investment Trusts (“REITs”)

     44   

Recent Events Relating to the Overall Economy

     44   

Repurchase Agreements

     45   

Reverse Repurchase Agreements

     45   

Securities Lending

     46   

Short Selling

     47   

Short-Term Funding Agreements

     47   

Special Purpose Acquisition Companies

     48   

Structured Investments

     48   

Credit Linked Notes

     49   

Participation Notes and Participatory Notes

     49   

Swaps and Related Swap Products

     50   

Credit Default Swaps

     51   

Synthetic Variable Rate Instruments

     52   

Treasury Receipts

     52   

Trust Preferred Securities

     52   

U.S. Government Obligations

     53   

When-Issued Securities, Delayed Delivery Securities and Forward Commitments

     53   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REGARDING FUND INVESTMENT PRACTICES

     54   

Investments in the Asia Pacific Region

     54   

Investments in the European Market

     54   

Investments in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

     54   

Investments in the China Region

     55   

Investments in India

     57   

Investments in Japan

     58   

Investments in the Middle East and Africa

     58   

Investments in Latin America

     59   

Investments in Russia

     60   

Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect

     61   

RISK MANAGEMENT

     63   

SPECIAL FACTORS AFFECTING CERTAIN FUNDS

     63   

DIVERSIFICATION

     63   

DISTRIBUTIONS AND TAX MATTERS

     63   

Qualification as a Regulated Investment Company

     64   

Excise Tax on Regulated Investment Companies

     65   

Fund Distributions

     65   

Sale or Redemption of Shares

     67   

Fund Investments

     67   

Investment in Other Funds

     70   

 

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Backup Withholding

     71   

Foreign Shareholders

     71   

Foreign Taxes

     73   

Exempt-Interest Dividends

     73   

State and Local Tax Matters

     74   

Tax Shelter Reporting Regulations

     74   

General Considerations

     74   

TRUSTEES

     75   

Qualifications of Trustees

     77   

Board Leadership Structure and Oversight

     80   

Standing Committees

     82   

Trustee Compensation

     83   

OFFICERS

     84   

INVESTMENT ADVISERS AND SUB-ADVISERS

     85   

J.P. Morgan Investment Management Inc (“JPMIM”)

     85   

Security Capital Research & Management Incorporated (“SCR&M”)

     87   

J.P. Morgan Alternative Asset Management, Inc. (“JPMAAM”)

     88   

JF International Management Inc. (“JFIMI”)

     88   

J.P. Morgan Private Investments, Inc. (“JPMPI”)

     89   

POTENTIAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

     90   

PORTFOLIO MANAGER COMPENSATION

     94   

CODES OF ETHICS

     94   

PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS

     95   

Investment Decisions and Portfolio Transactions

     95   

Brokerage and Research Services

     95   

OVERVIEW OF SERVICE PROVIDER AGREEMENTS

     99   

ADMINISTRATOR

     99   

DISTRIBUTOR

     100   

DISTRIBUTION PLAN

     100   

SECURITIES LENDING AGENT

     102   

CUSTODIAN

     103   

CUSTODY AND FUND ACCOUNTING FEES AND EXPENSES

     103   

TRANSFER AGENT

     104   

SHAREHOLDER SERVICING

     104   

EXPENSES

     105   

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES

     106   

ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION TO FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES

     107   

TRUST COUNSEL

     110   

INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

     110   

DIVIDENDS AND DISTRIBUTIONS

     110   

NET ASSET VALUE

     111   

DELAWARE TRUSTS

     112   

MASSACHUSETTS TRUST

     113   

MARYLAND CORPORATION

     114   

DESCRIPTION OF SHARES

     114   

Shares of JPMT I, JPMT II, JPMT III and JPMT IV

     114   

Shares of JPMMFIT

     115   

Shares of JPMFMFG

     117   

PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS DISCLOSURE

     117   

PROXY VOTING PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES

     118   

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

     121   

APPENDIX A — PURCHASES, REDEMPTIONS AND EXCHANGES

     A-1   

APPENDIX B — DESCRIPTION OF RATINGS

     B-1   

 

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INVESTMENT STRATEGIES AND POLICIES

As noted in the applicable Prospectuses for each of the Funds, in addition to the main investment strategy and the main investment risks described in the Prospectuses, each Fund may employ other investment strategies and may be subject to other risks, which are described below. The Funds may engage in the practices described below to the extent consistent with their investment objectives, strategies, policies and restrictions. However, no Fund is required to engage in any particular transaction or purchase any particular type of securities or investment even if to do so might benefit the Fund. Because the following is a combined description of investment strategies of all of the Funds, (i) certain matters described herein may not apply to particular Funds and (ii) certain references to the Adviser may also include a Sub-Adviser, as the context requires.

For a list of investment strategies and policies employed by each Fund, see “INVESTMENT PRACTICES” in Part I of this SAI.

Asset-Backed Securities

Asset-backed securities consist of securities secured by company receivables, home equity loans, truck and auto loans, leases, or credit card receivables. Asset-backed securities also include other securities backed by other types of receivables or other assets, including collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”), which include collateralized bond obligations (“CBOs”), collateralized loan obligations (“CLOs”) and other similarly structured securities. Such assets are generally securitized through the use of trusts or special purpose corporations. Asset-backed securities are backed by a pool of assets representing the obligations often of a number of different parties. Certain of these securities may be illiquid.

Asset-backed securities are generally subject to the risks of the underlying assets. In addition, asset-backed securities, in general, are subject to certain additional risks including depreciation, damage or loss of the collateral backing the security, failure of the collateral to generate the anticipated cash flow or in certain cases more rapid prepayment because of events affecting the collateral, such as accelerated prepayment of loans backing these securities or destruction of equipment subject to equipment trust certificates. In addition, the underlying assets (for example, the underlying credit card debt) may be refinanced or paid off prior to maturity during periods of declining interest rates. Changes in prepayment rates can result in greater price and yield volatility. If asset-backed securities are pre-paid, a Fund may have to reinvest the proceeds from the securities at a lower rate. Potential market gains on a security subject to prepayment risk may be more limited than potential market gains on a comparable security that is not subject to prepayment risk. Under certain prepayment rate scenarios, a Fund may fail to recover additional amounts paid (i.e., premiums) for securities with higher interest rates, resulting in an unexpected loss.

A CBO is a trust or other special purpose entity (“SPE”) which is typically backed by a diversified pool of fixed income securities (which may include high risk, below investment grade securities). A CLO is a trust or other SPE that is typically collateralized by a pool of loans, which may include, among others, domestic and non-U.S. senior secured loans, senior unsecured loans, and subordinate corporate loans, including loans that may be rated below investment grade or equivalent unrated loans. Although certain CDOs may receive credit enhancement in the form of a senior-subordinate structure, over-collateralization or bond insurance, such enhancement may not always be present and may fail to protect a Fund against the risk of loss on default of the collateral. Certain CDOs may use derivatives contracts to create “synthetic” exposure to assets rather than holding such assets directly, which entails the risks of derivative instruments described elsewhere in this SAI. CDOs may charge management fees and administrative expenses, which are in addition to those of a Fund.

For both CBOs and CLOs, the cash flows from the SPE are split into two or more portions, called tranches, varying in risk and yield. The riskiest portion is the “equity” tranche, which bears the first loss from defaults from the bonds or loans in the SPE and serves to protect the other, more senior tranches from default (though such protection is not complete). Since it is partially protected from defaults, a senior tranche from a CBO or CLO typically has higher ratings and lower yields than its underlying securities, and may be rated investment grade. Despite the protection from the equity tranche, CBO or CLO tranches can experience substantial losses due to actual defaults, downgrades of the underlying collateral by rating agencies, forced liquidation of the collateral pool due to a failure of coverage tests, increased sensitivity to defaults due to collateral default and disappearance of protecting tranches, market anticipation of defaults, as well as investor aversion to CBO or CLO securities as a class. Interest on certain tranches of a CDO may be paid in kind or deferred and capitalized (paid in the form of obligations of the same type rather than cash), which involves continued exposure to default risk with respect to such payments.

The risks of an investment in a CDO depend largely on the type of the collateral securities and the class of the CDO in which a Fund invests. Normally, CBOs, CLOs and other CDOs are privately offered and sold, and thus are

 


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not registered under the securities laws. As a result, investments in CDOs may be characterized by a Fund as illiquid securities. However, an active dealer market may exist for CDOs, allowing a CDO to qualify for Rule 144A transactions. In addition to the normal risks associated with fixed income securities and asset-backed securities generally discussed elsewhere in this SAI, CDOs carry additional risks including, but not limited to: (i) the possibility that distributions from collateral securities will not be adequate to make interest or other payments; (ii) the risk that the collateral may default or decline in value or be downgraded, if rated by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization (“NRSRO”); (iii) a Fund may invest in tranches of CDOs that are subordinate to other tranches; (iv) the structure and complexity of the transaction and the legal documents could lead to disputes among investors regarding the characterization of proceeds; (v) the investment return achieved by the Fund could be significantly different than those predicted by financial models; (vi) the lack of a readily available secondary market for CDOs; (vii) risk of forced “fire sale” liquidation due to technical defaults such as coverage test failures; and (viii) the CDO’s manager may perform poorly.

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses set forth in the fee table and Financial Highlights section of each Fund’s Prospectuses do not include any expenses associated with investments in certain structured or synthetic products that may rely on the exception for the definition of “investment company” provided by Section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”).

Auction Rate Securities

Auction rate securities consist of auction rate municipal securities and auction rate preferred securities sold through an auction process issued by closed-end investment companies, municipalities and governmental agencies. For more information on risks associated with municipal securities, see “Municipal Securities” below.

Provided that the auction mechanism is successful, auction rate securities usually permit the holder to sell the securities in an auction at par value at specified intervals. The dividend is reset by “Dutch” auction in which bids are made by broker-dealers and other institutions for a certain amount of securities at a specified minimum yield. The dividend rate set by the auction is the lowest interest or dividend rate that covers all securities offered for sale. While this process is designed to permit auction rate securities to be traded at par value, there is the risk that an auction will fail due to insufficient demand for the securities. Since February 2008, numerous auctions have failed due to insufficient demand for securities and have continued to fail for an extended period of time. Failed auctions may adversely impact the liquidity of auction rate securities investments. Although some issuers of auction rate securities are redeeming or are considering redeeming such securities, such issuers are not obligated to do so and, therefore, there is no guarantee that a liquid market will exist for a Fund’s investments in auction rate securities at a time when the Fund wishes to dispose of such securities.

Dividends on auction rate preferred securities issued by a closed-end fund may be designated as exempt from federal income tax to the extent they are attributable to tax-exempt interest income earned by the closed-end fund on the securities in its portfolio and distributed to holders of the preferred securities. However, such designation may be made only if the closed-end fund treats preferred securities as equity securities for federal income tax purposes and the closed-end fund complies with certain requirements under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

A Fund’s investment in auction rate preferred securities of closed-end funds is subject to limitations on investments in other U.S. registered investment companies, which limitations are prescribed under the 1940 Act. Except as permitted by rule or exemptive order (see “Investment Company Securities and Exchange-Traded Funds” below for more information), a Fund is generally prohibited from acquiring more than 3% of the voting securities of any other such investment company, and investing more than 5% of a Fund’s total assets in securities of any one such investment company or more than 10% of its total assets in securities of all such investment companies. A Fund will indirectly bear its proportionate share of any management fees paid by such closed-end funds in addition to the advisory fee payable directly by the Fund.

Bank Obligations

Bank obligations consist of bankers’ acceptances, certificates of deposit, bank notes and time deposits.

Bankers’ acceptances are negotiable drafts or bills of exchange typically drawn by an importer or exporter to pay for specific merchandise, which are “accepted” by a bank, meaning, in effect, that the bank unconditionally agrees to pay the face value of the instrument on maturity. To be eligible for purchase by a Fund, a bankers’ acceptance must be guaranteed by a domestic or foreign bank or savings and loan association having, at the time of investment, total assets in excess of $1 billion (as of the date of its most recently published financial statements).

 

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Certificates of deposit are negotiable certificates issued against funds deposited in a commercial bank or a savings and loan association for a definite period of time and earning a specified return. Certificates of deposit may also include those issued by foreign banks outside the United States (“U.S.”) with total assets at the time of purchase in excess of the equivalent of $1 billion. Such certificates of deposit include Eurodollar and Yankee certificates of deposit. Eurodollar certificates of deposit are U.S. dollar-denominated certificates of deposit issued by branches of foreign and domestic banks located outside the U.S. Yankee certificates of deposit are certificates of deposit issued by a U.S. branch of a foreign bank denominated in U.S. dollars and held in the U.S. Certain Funds may also invest in obligations (including bankers’ acceptances and certificates of deposit) denominated in foreign currencies (see “Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)”) herein. With regard to certificates of deposit issued by U.S. banks and savings and loan associations, to be eligible for purchase by a Fund, a certificate of deposit must be issued by (i) a domestic or foreign branch of a U.S. commercial bank which is a member of the Federal Reserve System or the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or (ii) a domestic savings and loan association, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation provided that, in each case, at the time of purchase, such institution has total assets in excess of $1 billion (as of the date of its most recently published financial statements).

Time deposits are interest-bearing non-negotiable deposits at a bank or a savings and loan association that have a specific maturity date. A time deposit earns a specific rate of interest over a definite period of time. Time deposits cannot be traded on the secondary market and those exceeding seven days and with a withdrawal penalty are considered to be illiquid. Time deposits will be maintained only at banks and savings and loan associations from which a Fund could purchase certificates of deposit.

The Funds will not invest in obligations for which a Fund’s Adviser, or any of its affiliated persons, is the ultimate obligor or accepting bank, provided, however, that the Funds maintain demand deposits at their affiliated custodian, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan Chase Bank”).

Subject to the Funds’ limitations on concentration in a particular industry, there is no limitation on the amount of a Fund’s assets which may be invested in obligations of banks which meet the conditions set forth herein.

Commercial Paper

Commercial paper is defined as short-term obligations, generally with maturities from 1 to 270 days issued by banks or bank holding companies, corporations and finance companies. Although commercial paper is generally unsecured, the Funds may also purchase secured commercial paper. In the event of a default of an issuer of secured commercial paper, a Fund may hold the securities and other investments that were pledged as collateral even if it does not invest in such securities or investments. In such a case, the Fund would take steps to dispose of such securities or investments in a commercially reasonable manner. Commercial paper includes master demand obligations. See “Variable and Floating Rate Instruments” below.

Certain Funds may also invest in Canadian commercial paper, which is commercial paper issued by a Canadian corporation or a Canadian counterpart of a U.S. corporation, and in Europaper, which is U.S. dollar denominated commercial paper of a foreign issuer. See “Risk Factors of Foreign Investments” below.

Convertible Securities

Certain Funds may invest in convertible securities. Convertible securities include any debt securities or preferred stock which may be converted into common stock or which carry the right to purchase common stock. Generally, convertible securities entitle the holder to exchange the securities for a specified number of shares of common stock, usually of the same company, at specified prices within a certain period of time.

The terms of any convertible security determine its ranking in a company’s capital structure. In the case of subordinated convertible debentures, the holders’ claims on assets and earnings are subordinated to the claims of other creditors, and are senior to the claims of preferred and common shareholders. In the case of convertible preferred stock, the holders’ claims on assets and earnings are subordinated to the claims of all creditors and are senior to the claims of common shareholders.

Convertible securities have characteristics similar to both debt and equity securities. Due to the conversion feature, the market value of convertible securities tends to move together with the market value of the underlying common stock. As a result, selection of convertible securities, to a great extent, is based on the potential for capital appreciation that may exist in the underlying stock. The value of convertible securities is also affected by prevailing interest rates, the credit quality of the issuer, and any call provisions. In some cases, the issuer may cause a

 

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convertible security to convert to common stock. In other situations, it may be advantageous for a Fund to cause the conversion of convertible securities to common stock. If a convertible security converts to common stock, a Fund may hold such common stock in its portfolio even if it does not ordinarily invest in common stock.

Certain Funds invest in contingent securities structured as contingent convertible securities also known as CoCos. Contingent convertible securities are typically issued by non-U.S. banks and are designed to behave like bonds in times of economic health yet absorb losses when a pre-determined trigger event occurs. A contingent convertible security is a hybrid debt security either convertible into equity at a predetermined share price or written down in value based on the specific terms of the individual security if a pre-specified trigger event occurs (the “Trigger Event”). Unlike traditional convertible securities, the conversion of a contingent convertible security from debt to equity is “contingent” and will occur only in the case of a Trigger Event. Trigger Events vary by instrument and are defined by the documents governing the contingent convertible security. Such Trigger Events may include a decline in the issuer’s capital below a specified threshold level, increase in the issuer’s risk weighted assets, the share price of the issuer falling to a particular level for a certain period of time and certain regulatory events.

Contingent convertible securities are subject to the credit, interest rate, high yield security, foreign security and markets risks associated with bonds and equities, and to the risks specific to convertible securities in general. Contingent convertible securities are also subject to additional risks specific to their structure including conversion risk. Because Trigger Events are not consistently defined among contingent convertible securities, this risk is greater for contingent convertible securities that are issued by banks with capital ratios close to the level specified in the Trigger Event.

In addition, coupon payments on contingent convertible securities are discretionary and may be cancelled by the issuer at any point, for any reason, and for any length of time. The discretionary cancellation of payments is not an event of default and there are no remedies to require re-instatement of coupon payments or payment of any past missed payments. Coupon payments may also be subject to approval by the issuer’s regulator and may be suspended in the event there are insufficient distributable reserves. Due to uncertainty surrounding coupon payments, contingent convertible securities may be volatile and their price may decline rapidly in the event that coupon payments are suspended.

Contingent convertible securities typically are structurally subordinated to traditional convertible bonds in the issuer’s capital structure. In certain scenarios, investors in contingent convertible securities may suffer a loss of capital ahead of equity holders or when equity holders do not. Contingent convertible securities are also subject to extension risk. Contingent convertible securities are perpetual instruments and may only be callable at pre-determined dates upon approval of the applicable regulatory authority. There is no guarantee that a Fund will receive return of principal on contingent convertible securities.

Convertible contingent securities are a newer form of instrument and the regulatory environment for these instruments continues to evolve. Because the market for contingent convertible securities is evolving, it is uncertain how the larger market for contingent convertible securities would react to a Trigger Event or coupon suspension applicable to a single issuer.

The value of contingent convertible securities is unpredictable and will be influenced by many factors such as: (i) the creditworthiness of the issuer and/or fluctuations in such issuer’s applicable capital ratios; (ii) supply and demand for contingent convertible securities; (iii) general market conditions and available liquidity; and (iv) economic, financial and political events that affect the issuer, its particular market or the financial markets in general.

Custodial Receipts

Certain Funds may acquire securities in the form of custodial receipts that evidence ownership of future interest payments, principal payments or both on certain U.S. Treasury notes or bonds in connection with programs sponsored by banks and brokerage firms. These are not considered U.S. government securities and are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. These notes and bonds are held in custody by a bank on behalf of the owners of the receipts.

Debt Instruments

Below Investment Grade Securities. Securities that were rated investment grade at the time of purchase may subsequently be rated below investment grade (BB+ or lower by Standard & Poor’s Corporation (“S&P”) and Bal or lower by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”)). Certain Funds that do not invest in below investment grade securities as a main investment strategy may nonetheless continue to hold such securities if the Adviser believes it is

 

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advantageous for the Fund to do so. The high degree of risk involved in these investments can result in substantial or total losses. These securities are subject to greater risk of loss, greater sensitivity to interest rate and economic changes, valuation difficulties, and a potential lack of a secondary or public market for securities. The market price of these securities also can change suddenly and unexpectedly.

Corporate Debt Securities. Corporate debt securities may include bonds and other debt securities of U.S. and non-U.S. issuers, including obligations of industrial, utility, banking and other corporate issuers. All debt securities are subject to the risk of an issuer’s inability to meet principal and interest payments on the obligation and may also be subject to price volatility due to such factors as market interest rates, market perception of the creditworthiness of the issuer and general market liquidity.

High Yield/High Risk Securities/Junk Bonds. Certain Funds may invest in high yield securities, to varying degrees. High yield, high risk bonds are securities that are generally rated below investment grade by the primary rating agencies (BB+ or lower by S&P and Bal or lower by Moody’s) or unrated but determined by the Fund’s Adviser to be of comparable quality. Other terms used to describe such securities include “lower rated bonds,” “non-investment grade bonds,” “below investment grade bonds,” and “junk bonds.” These securities are considered to be high-risk investments.

High yield securities are regarded as predominately speculative. There is a greater risk that issuers of lower rated securities will default than issuers of higher rated securities. Issuers of lower rated securities generally are less creditworthy and may be highly indebted, financially distressed, or bankrupt. These issuers are more vulnerable to real or perceived economic changes, political changes or adverse industry developments. In addition, high yield securities are frequently subordinated to the prior payment of senior indebtedness. If an issuer fails to pay principal or interest, a Fund would experience a decrease in income and a decline in the market value of its investments. A Fund may also incur additional expenses in seeking recovery from the issuer.

The income and market value of lower rated securities may fluctuate more than higher rated securities. Non-investment grade securities are more sensitive to short-term corporate, economic and market developments. During periods of economic uncertainty and change, the market price of the investments in lower rated securities may be volatile. The default rate for high yield bonds tends to be cyclical, with defaults rising in periods of economic downturn.

It is often more difficult to value lower rated securities than higher rated securities. If an issuer’s financial condition deteriorates, accurate financial and business information may be limited or unavailable. The lower rated investments may be thinly traded and there may be no established secondary market. Because of the lack of market pricing and current information for investments in lower rated securities, valuation of such investments is much more dependent on the judgment of the Adviser than is the case with higher rated securities. In addition, relatively few institutional purchasers may hold a major portion of an issue of lower-rated securities at times. As a result, a Fund that invests in lower rated securities may be required to sell investments at substantial losses or retain them indefinitely even where an issuer’s financial condition is deteriorating.

Credit quality of non-investment grade securities can change suddenly and unexpectedly, and even recently issued credit ratings may not fully reflect the actual risks posed by a particular high-yield security.

Future legislation may have a possible negative impact on the market for high yield, high risk bonds. As an example, in the late 1980’s, legislation required federally-insured savings and loan associations to divest their investments in high yield, high risk bonds. New legislation, if enacted, could have a material negative effect on a Fund’s investments in lower rated securities.

Inflation-Linked Debt Securities. Inflation-linked securities include fixed and floating rate debt securities of varying maturities issued by the U.S. government, its agencies and instrumentalities, such as Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (“TIPS”), as well as securities issued by other entities such as corporations, municipalities, foreign governments and foreign issuers, including foreign issuers from emerging markets. See also “Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies).” Typically, such securities are structured as fixed income investments whose principal value is periodically adjusted according to the rate of inflation. The following two structures are common: (i) the U.S. Treasury and some other issuers issue inflation-linked securities that accrue inflation into the principal value of the security and (ii) other issuers may pay out the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) accruals as part of a semi-annual coupon. Other types of inflation-linked securities exist which use an inflation index other than the CPI.

Inflation-linked securities issued by the U.S. Treasury, such as TIPS, have maturities of approximately five, ten or thirty years, although it is possible that securities with other maturities will be issued in the future. Typically,

 

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TIPS pay interest on a semi-annual basis equal to a fixed percentage of the inflation-adjusted principal amount. For example, if a Fund purchased an inflation-indexed bond with a par value of $1,000 and a 3% real rate of return coupon (payable 1.5% semi-annually), and the rate of inflation over the first six months was 1%, the mid-year par value of the bond would be $1,010 and the first semi-annual interest payment would be $15.15 ($1,010 times 1.5%). If inflation during the second half of the year resulted in the whole year’s inflation of 3%, the end-of-year par value of the bond would be $1,030 and the second semi-annual interest payment would be $15.45 ($1,030 times 1.5%).

If the periodic adjustment rate measuring inflation falls, the principal value of inflation-indexed bonds will be adjusted downward, and consequently the interest payable on these securities (calculated with respect to a smaller principal amount) will be reduced. Repayment of the original bond principal upon maturity (as adjusted for inflation) is guaranteed in the case of TIPS, even during a period of deflation, although the inflation-adjusted principal received could be less than the inflation-adjusted principal that had accrued to the bond at the time of purchase. However, the current market value of the bonds is not guaranteed and will fluctuate. Other inflation-related bonds exist which may or may not provide a similar guarantee. If a guarantee of principal is not provided, the adjusted principal value of the bond repaid at maturity may be less than the original principal.

The value of inflation-linked securities is expected to change in response to changes in real interest rates. Real interest rates in turn are tied to the relationship between nominal interest rates and the rate of inflation. Therefore, if the rate of inflation rises at a faster rate than nominal interest rates, real interest rates might decline, leading to an increase in value of inflation-linked securities.

While inflation-linked securities are expected to be protected from long-term inflationary trends, short-term increases in inflation may lead to a decline in value. If interest rates rise due to reasons other than inflation (for example, due to changes in currency exchange rates), investors in these securities may not be protected to the extent that the increase is not reflected in the bond’s inflation measure.

The periodic adjustment of U.S. inflation-linked securities is tied to the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (“CPI-U”), which is not seasonably adjusted and which is calculated monthly by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The CPI-U is a measurement of changes in the cost of living, made up of components such as housing, food, transportation and energy. Inflation-linked securities issued by a foreign government are generally adjusted to reflect a comparable inflation index calculated by that government. There can be no assurance that the CPI-U or a foreign inflation index will accurately measure the real rate of inflation in the prices of goods and services. Moreover, there can be no assurance that the rate of inflation in a foreign country will be correlated to the rate of inflation in the U.S.

Any increase in the principal amount of an inflation-linked security will be considered taxable ordinary income, even though investors do not receive their principal until maturity.

Variable and Floating Rate Instruments. Certain obligations purchased by the Funds may carry variable or floating rates of interest, may involve a conditional or unconditional demand feature and may include variable amount master demand notes. Variable and floating rate instruments are issued by a wide variety of issuers and may be issued for a wide variety of purposes, including as a method of reconstructing cash flows.

Subject to their investment objective policies and restrictions, certain Funds may acquire variable and floating rate instruments. A variable rate instrument is one whose terms provide for the adjustment of its interest rate on set dates and which, upon such adjustment, can reasonably be expected to have a market value that approximates its par value. Certain Funds may purchase extendable commercial notes. Extendable commercial notes are variable rate notes which normally mature within a short period of time (e.g., 1 month) but which may be extended by the issuer for a maximum maturity of thirteen months.

A floating rate instrument is one whose terms provide for the adjustment of its interest rate whenever a specified interest rate changes and which, at any time, can reasonably be expected to have a market value that approximates its par value. Floating rate instruments are frequently not rated by credit rating agencies; however, unrated variable and floating rate instruments purchased by a Fund will be determined by the Fund’s Adviser to be of comparable quality at the time of purchase to rated instruments eligible for purchase under the Fund’s investment policies. In making such determinations, a Fund’s Adviser will consider the earning power, cash flow and other liquidity ratios of the issuers of such instruments (such issuers include financial, merchandising, bank holding and other companies) and will continuously monitor their financial condition. There may be no active secondary market with respect to a particular variable or floating rate instrument purchased by a Fund. The absence of such an active secondary market could make it difficult for the Fund to dispose of the variable or floating rate instrument involved in the event the issuer of the instrument defaulted on its payment obligations, and the Fund could, for this or other

 

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reasons, suffer a loss to the extent of the default. Variable or floating rate instruments may be secured by bank letters of credit or other assets. A Fund may purchase a variable or floating rate instrument to facilitate portfolio liquidity or to permit investment of the Fund’s assets at a favorable rate of return.

As a result of the floating and variable rate nature of these investments, the Funds’ yields may decline, and they may forego the opportunity for capital appreciation during periods when interest rates decline; however, during periods when interest rates increase, the Funds’ yields may increase, and they may have reduced risk of capital depreciation.

Past periods of high inflation, together with the fiscal measures adopted to attempt to deal with it, have seen wide fluctuations in interest rates, particularly “prime rates” charged by banks. While the value of the underlying floating or variable rate securities may change with changes in interest rates generally, the nature of the underlying floating or variable rate should minimize changes in value of the instruments. Accordingly, as interest rates decrease or increase, the potential for capital appreciation and the risk of potential capital depreciation is less than would be the case with a portfolio of fixed rate securities. A Fund’s portfolio may contain floating or variable rate securities on which stated minimum or maximum rates, or maximum rates set by state law limit the degree to which interest on such floating or variable rate securities may fluctuate; to the extent it does, increases or decreases in value may be somewhat greater than would be the case without such limits. Because the adjustment of interest rates on the floating or variable rate securities is made in relation to movements of the applicable banks’ “prime rates” or other short-term rate securities adjustment indices, the floating or variable rate securities are not comparable to long-term fixed rate securities. Accordingly, interest rates on the floating or variable rate securities may be higher or lower than current market rates for fixed rate obligations of comparable quality with similar maturities.

Variable Amount Master Notes. Variable amount master notes are notes, which may possess a demand feature, that permit the indebtedness to vary and provide for periodic adjustments in the interest rate according to the terms of the instrument. Variable amount master notes may not be secured by collateral. To the extent that variable amount master notes are secured by collateral, they are subject to the risks described under the section “Loans—Collateral and Subordination Risk.”

Because master notes are direct lending arrangements between a Fund and the issuer of the notes, they are not normally traded. Although there is no secondary market in the notes, a Fund may demand payment of principal and accrued interest. If the Fund is not repaid such principal and accrued interest, the Fund may not be able to dispose of the notes due to the lack of a secondary market.

While master notes are not typically rated by credit rating agencies, issuers of variable amount master notes (which are normally manufacturing, retail, financial, brokerage, investment banking and other business concerns) must satisfy the same criteria as those set forth with respect to commercial paper, if any, in Part I of this SAI under the heading “Diversification”. A Fund’s Adviser will consider the credit risk of the issuers of such notes, including its earning power, cash flow, and other liquidity ratios of such issuers and will continuously monitor their financial status and ability to meet payment on demand. In determining average weighted portfolio maturity, a variable amount master note will be deemed to have a maturity equal to the period of time remaining until the principal amount can be recovered from the issuer.

Variable Rate Instruments and Money Market Funds. Variable or floating rate instruments with stated maturities of more than 397 days may, under the SEC’s rule applicable to money market funds, Rule 2a-7 under the 1940 Act, be deemed to have shorter maturities (other than in connection with the calculation of dollar-weighted average life to maturity of a portfolio) as follows:

(1) Adjustable Rate Government Securities. A Government Security which is a variable rate security where the variable rate of interest is readjusted no less frequently than every 397 days shall be deemed to have a maturity equal to the period remaining until the next readjustment of the interest rate. A Government Security which is a floating rate security shall be deemed to have a remaining maturity of one day.

(2) Short-Term Variable Rate Securities. A variable rate security, the principal amount of which, in accordance with the terms of the security, must unconditionally be paid in 397 calendar days or less shall be deemed to have maturity equal to the earlier of the period remaining until the next readjustment of the interest rate or the period remaining until the principal amount can be recovered through demand.

(3) Long-Term Variable Rate Securities. A variable rate security, the principal amount of which is scheduled to be paid in more than 397 days, that is subject to a demand feature shall be deemed to have a maturity equal to the longer of the period remaining until the next readjustment of the interest rate or the period remaining until the principal amount can be recovered through demand.

 

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(4) Short-Term Floating Rate Securities. A floating rate security, the principal amount of which, in accordance with the terms of the security, must unconditionally be paid in 397 calendar days or less shall be deemed to have a maturity of one day.

(5) Long-Term Floating Rate Securities. A floating rate security, the principal amount of which is scheduled to be paid in more than 397 days, that is subject to a demand feature, shall be deemed to have a maturity equal to the period remaining until the principal amount can be recovered through demand.

Limitations on the Use of Variable and Floating Rate Notes. Variable and floating rate instruments for which no readily available market exists (e.g., illiquid securities) will be purchased in an amount which, together with securities with legal or contractual restrictions on resale or for which no readily available market exists (including repurchase agreements providing for settlement more than seven days after notice), exceeds 15% of a Fund’s net assets (5% of total assets for the J.P. Morgan Funds which are money market funds (the “Money Market Funds”)) only if such instruments are subject to a demand feature that will permit the Fund to demand payment of the principal within seven days after demand by the Fund. There is no limit on the extent to which a Fund may purchase demand instruments that are not illiquid or deemed to be liquid in accordance with the Adviser’s liquidity determination procedures (except, with regard to the Money Market Funds, as provided under Rule 2a-7). If not rated, such instruments must be found by the Fund’s Adviser to be of comparable quality to instruments in which a Fund may invest. A rating may be relied upon only if it is provided by an NRSRO that is not affiliated with the issuer or guarantor of the instruments.

Zero-Coupon, Pay-in-Kind and Deferred Payment Securities. Zero-coupon securities are securities that are sold at a discount to par value and on which interest payments are not made during the life of the security. Upon maturity, the holder is entitled to receive the par value of the security. Pay-in-kind securities are securities that have interest payable by delivery of additional securities. Upon maturity, the holder is entitled to receive the aggregate par value of the securities. A Fund accrues income with respect to zero-coupon and pay-in-kind securities prior to the receipt of cash payments. Deferred payment securities are securities that remain zero-coupon securities until a predetermined date, at which time the stated coupon rate becomes effective and interest becomes payable at regular intervals. While interest payments are not made on such securities, holders of such securities are deemed to have received “phantom income.” Because a Fund will distribute “phantom income” to shareholders, to the extent that shareholders elect to receive dividends in cash rather than reinvesting such dividends in additional shares, the applicable Fund will have fewer assets with which to purchase income-producing securities. Zero-coupon, pay-in-kind and deferred payment securities may be subject to greater fluctuation in value and lesser liquidity in the event of adverse market conditions than comparably rated securities paying cash interest at regular interest payment periods.

Impact of Market Conditions on the Risks associated with Debt Securities

Investments in certain debt securities will be especially subject to the risk that, during certain periods, the liquidity of particular issuers or industries, or all securities within a particular investment category, may shrink or disappear suddenly and without warning as a result of adverse economic, market or political events, or adverse investor perceptions, whether or not accurate.

Current market conditions pose heightened risks for Funds that invest in debt securities. While the U.S. is experiencing historically low interest rate levels, signs of economic recovery and the end of the Federal Reserve Board’s quantitative easing program have increased the risk that interest rates may rise in the near future. Any future interest rate increases or other adverse conditions (e.g., inflation/deflation, increased selling of certain fixed-income investments across other pooled investment vehicles or accounts, changes in investor perception, or changes in government intervention in the markets) could cause the value of any Fund that invests in debt securities to decrease. As such, debt securities markets may experience heightened levels of interest rate and liquidity risk, as well as increased volatility. If rising interest rates cause a Fund to lose value, the Fund could also face increased shareholder redemptions, which would further impair the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objectives.

The capacity for traditional dealers to engage in fixed-income trading for certain fixed income instruments has not kept pace with the growth of the fixed income market, and in some cases has decreased. As a result, because dealers acting as market makers provide stability to a market, the significant reduction in certain dealer inventories could potentially lead to decreased liquidity and increased volatility in the fixed income markets. Such issues may be exacerbated during periods of economic uncertainty or market volatility.

Demand Features

Certain Funds may acquire securities that are subject to puts and standby commitments (“Demand Features”) to purchase the securities at their principal amount (usually with accrued interest) within a fixed period (usually seven

 

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days) following a demand by the Fund. The Demand Feature may be issued by the issuer of the underlying securities, a dealer in the securities or by another third party and may not be transferred separately from the underlying security. The underlying securities subject to a put may be sold at any time at market rates. Applicable Funds expect that they will acquire puts only where the puts are available without the payment of any direct or indirect consideration. However, if advisable or necessary, a premium may be paid for put features. A premium paid will have the effect of reducing the yield otherwise payable on the underlying security. Demand Features provided by foreign banks involve certain risks associated with foreign investments. See “Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)” for more information on these risks.

Under a “stand-by commitment,” a dealer would agree to purchase, at a Fund’s option, specified securities at a specified price. A Fund will acquire these commitments solely to facilitate portfolio liquidity and does not intend to exercise its rights thereunder for trading purposes. Stand-by commitments may also be referred to as put options.

The purpose of engaging in transactions involving puts is to maintain flexibility and liquidity to permit a Fund to meet redemption requests and remain as fully invested as possible.

Equity Securities, Warrants and Rights

Common Stock. Common stock represents a share of ownership in a company and usually carries voting rights and may earn dividends. Unlike preferred stock, common stock dividends are not fixed but are declared at the discretion of the issuer’s board of directors. Common stock occupies the most junior position in a company’s capital structure. As with all equity securities, the price of common stock fluctuates based on changes in a company’s financial condition, including those that result from management’s performance or changes to the business of the company, and overall market and economic conditions.

Common Stock Warrants and Rights. Common stock warrants entitle the holder to buy common stock from the issuer of the warrant at a specific price (the “strike price”) for a specific period of time. The market price of warrants may be substantially lower than the current market price of the underlying common stock, yet warrants are subject to similar price fluctuations. As a result, warrants may be more volatile investments than the underlying common stock. If a warrant is exercised, a Fund may hold common stock in its portfolio even if it does not ordinarily invest in common stock.

Rights are similar to warrants but normally have a shorter duration and are typically distributed directly by the issuers to existing shareholders, while warrants are typically attached to new debt or preferred stock issuances.

Warrants and rights generally do not entitle the holder to dividends or voting rights with respect to the underlying common stock and do not represent any rights in the assets of the issuer company. Warrants and rights will expire if not exercised on or prior to the expiration date.

Preferred Stock. Preferred stock is a class of stock that generally pays dividends at a specified rate and has preference over common stock in the payment of dividends and liquidation. Preferred stock generally does not carry voting rights. As with all equity securities, the price of preferred stock fluctuates based on changes in a company’s financial condition and on overall market and economic conditions. Because preferred stocks generally pay dividends only after the issuing company makes required payments to holders of its bonds and other debt, the value of preferred stocks is more sensitive than bonds and other debt to actual or perceived changes in the company’s financial condition or prospects.

Initial Public Offerings (“IPOs”). The Funds may purchase securities in IPOs. These securities are subject to many of the same risks as investing in companies with smaller market capitalizations. Securities issued in IPOs have no trading history, and information about the companies may be available for very limited periods. The prices of securities sold in IPOs may be highly volatile. At any particular time or from time to time, a Fund may not be able to invest in securities issued in IPOs, or invest to the extent desired, because, for example, only a small portion (if any) of the securities being offered in an IPO may be made available to the Fund. In addition, under certain market conditions, a relatively small number of companies may issue securities in IPOs. Similarly, as the number of Funds to which IPO securities are allocated increases, the number of securities issued to any one Fund may decrease. The investment performance of a Fund during periods when it is unable to invest significantly or at all in IPOs may be lower than during periods when the Fund is able to do so. In addition, as a Fund increases in size, the impact of IPOs on the Fund’s performance will generally decrease.

Foreign Investments (including Foreign Currencies)

Some of the Funds may invest in certain obligations or securities of foreign issuers. For purposes of a non-Money Market Fund’s investment policies and unless described otherwise in a Fund’s prospectus, an issuer of a

 

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security will be deemed to be located in a particular country if: (i) the principal trading market for the security is in such country, (ii) the issuer is organized under the laws of such country or (iii) the issuer derives at least 50% of its revenues or profits from such country or has at least 50% of its total assets situated in such country. Possible investments include equity securities and debt securities (e.g., bonds and commercial paper) of foreign entities, obligations of foreign branches of U.S. banks and of foreign banks, including, without limitation, eurodollar certificates of deposit, eurodollar time deposits, eurodollar bankers’ acceptances, canadian time deposits and yankee certificates of deposit, and investments in canadian commercial paper, and europaper. Securities of foreign issuers may include sponsored and unsponsored American Depositary Receipts (“ADRs”), European Depositary Receipts (“EDRs”), and Global Depositary Receipts (“GDRs”). Sponsored ADRs are listed on the New York Stock Exchange; unsponsored ADRs are not. Therefore, there may be less information available about the issuers of unsponsored ADRs than the issuers of sponsored ADRs. Unsponsored ADRs are restricted securities. EDRs and GDRs are not listed on the New York Stock Exchange. As a result, it may be difficult to obtain information about EDRs and GDRs.

The Money Market Funds may only invest in U.S. dollar-denominated securities.

Risk Factors of Foreign Investments. The following is a summary of certain risks associated with foreign investments:

Political and Exchange Risks. Foreign investments may subject a Fund to investment risks that differ in some respects from those related to investments in obligations of U.S. domestic issuers. Such risks include potential future adverse political and economic developments, sanctions or other measures by the United States or other governments, possible imposition of withholding taxes on interest or other income, possible seizure, nationalization or expropriation of foreign deposits, possible establishment of exchange controls or taxation at the source, greater fluctuations in value due to changes in exchange rates, or the adoption of other foreign governmental restrictions which might adversely affect the payment of principal and interest on such obligations.

Higher Transaction Costs. Foreign investments may entail higher custodial fees and sales commissions than domestic investments.

Accounting and Regulatory Differences. Foreign issuers of securities or obligations are often subject to accounting treatment and engage in business practices different from those of domestic issuers of similar securities or obligations. In addition, foreign issuers are usually not subject to the same degree of regulation as domestic issuers, and their securities may trade on relatively small markets, causing their securities to experience potentially higher volatility and more limited liquidity than securities of domestic issuers. Foreign branches of U.S. banks and foreign banks are not regulated by U.S. banking authorities and may be subject to less stringent reserve requirements than those applicable to domestic branches of U.S. banks. In addition, foreign banks generally are not bound by accounting, auditing, and financial reporting standards comparable to those applicable to U.S. banks. Dividends and interest paid by foreign issuers may be subject to withholding and other foreign taxes which may decrease the net return on foreign investments as compared to dividends and interest paid to a Fund by domestic companies.

Currency Risk. Foreign securities may be denominated in foreign currencies, although foreign issuers may also issue securities denominated in U.S. dollars. The value of a Fund’s investments denominated in foreign currencies and any funds held in foreign currencies will be affected by changes in currency exchange rates, the relative strength of those currencies and the U.S. dollar, and exchange-control regulations. Changes in the foreign currency exchange rates also may affect the value of dividends and interest earned, gains and losses realized on the sale of securities and net investment income and gains, if any, to be distributed to shareholders by a Fund. The exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and other currencies are determined by the forces of supply and demand in foreign exchange markets and the relative merits of investments in different countries, actual or anticipated changes in interest rates and other complex factors, as seen from an international perspective. Currency exchange rates may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time. Currency exchange rates also can be affected by intervention (or lack of intervention) by the United States or foreign governments or central banks or by currency controls or political developments in the United States or elsewhere.

Accordingly, the ability of a Fund that invests in foreign securities as part of its principal investment strategy to achieve its investment objective may depend, to a certain extent, on exchange rate movements. In addition, while the volume of transactions effected on foreign stock exchanges has increased in recent years, in most cases it remains appreciably below that of domestic securities exchanges. Accordingly, a Fund’s foreign investments may be less liquid and their prices may be more volatile than comparable investments in securities of U.S. companies. In buying and selling securities on foreign exchanges, purchasers normally pay fixed commissions that are generally

 

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higher than the negotiated commissions charged in the U.S. In addition, there is generally less government supervision and regulation of securities exchanges, brokers and issuers located in foreign countries than in the U.S.

Settlement Risk. The settlement periods for foreign securities and instruments are often longer than those for securities or obligations of U.S. issuers or instruments denominated in U.S. dollars. Delayed settlement may affect the liquidity of a Fund’s holdings. Certain types of securities and other instruments are not traded “delivery versus payment” in certain markets (e.g., government bonds in Russia) meaning that a Fund may deliver securities or instruments before payment is received from the counterparty. In such markets, the Fund may not receive timely payment for securities or other instruments it has delivered and may be subject to increased risk that the counterparty will fail to make payments when due or default completely.

Brady Bonds. Brady bonds are securities created through the exchange of existing commercial bank loans to public and private entities in certain emerging markets for new bonds in connection with debt restructurings. Brady bonds have been issued since 1989. In light of the history of defaults of countries issuing Brady bonds on their commercial bank loans, investments in Brady bonds may be viewed as speculative and subject to the same risks as emerging market securities. Brady bonds may be fully or partially collateralized or uncollateralized, are issued in various currencies (but primarily the U.S. dollar) and are actively traded in over-the-counter (“OTC”) secondary markets. Incomplete collateralization of interest or principal payment obligations results in increased credit risk. Dollar-denominated collateralized Brady bonds, which may be either fixed-rate or floating rate bonds, are generally collateralized by U.S. Treasury securities.

Global Depositary Notes. Foreign securities and emerging markets securities include Global Depositary Notes (“GDNs”). A GDN is a debt instrument created by a bank that evidences ownership of local currency-denominated debt securities. GDNs reflect the terms of particular local currency-denominated bonds. GDNs trade, settle, and pay interest and principal in U.S. dollars but typically are restricted securities that do not trade on an exchange. Any distributions paid to the holders of GDNs are usually subject to a fee charged by the depositary bank. In addition to the risks associated with foreign investments, a Fund’s investments in GDNs is subject to the risks associated with the underlying local currency-denominated bond and derivative instruments including credit risk, default or similar event risk, counterparty risk, interest rate risk, leverage risk, liquidity risk, and management risk. Holders of GDNs may have limited rights, and investment restrictions in certain countries may adversely impact the value of GDNs because such restrictions may limit the ability to convert the bonds into GDNs and vice versa. Such restrictions may cause bonds of the underlying issuer to trade at a discount or premium to the market price of the GDN.

Obligations of Supranational Entities. Obligations of supranational entities include securities designated or supported by governmental entities to promote economic reconstruction or development of international banking institutions and related government agencies. Examples include the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the “World Bank”), the European Coal and Steel Community, the Asian Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. Each supranational entity’s lending activities are limited to a percentage of its total capital (including “callable capital” contributed by its governmental members at the entity’s call), reserves and net income. There is no assurance that participating governments will be able or willing to honor their commitments to make capital contributions to a supranational entity.

Sukuk. Foreign securities and emerging market securities include Sukuk. Sukuk are certificates, similar to bonds, issued by the issuer to obtain an upfront payment in exchange for an income stream to be generated by certain assets of the issuer. Generally, the issuer sells the investor a certificate, which the investor then rents back to the issuer for a predetermined rental fee. The issuer also makes a contractual promise to buy back the certificate at a future date at par value. While the certificate is linked to the returns generated by certain assets of the issuer, the underlying assets are not pledged as security for the certificates, and the Fund (as the investor) is relying on the creditworthiness of the issuer for all payments required by the sukuk. Issuers of sukuk may include international financial institutions, foreign governments and agencies of foreign governments. Underlying assets may include, without limitation, real estate (developed and undeveloped), lease contracts and machinery and equipment.

Emerging Market Securities. Investing in companies domiciled in emerging market countries may be subject to potentially higher risks than investments in developed countries. These risks include: (i) less social, political, and economic stability; (ii) greater illiquidity and price volatility due to smaller or limited local capital markets for such securities, or low non-existent trading volumes; (iii) less scrutiny and regulation by local authorities of the foreign exchanges and broker-dealers; (iv) the seizure or confiscation by local governments of securities held by foreign investors, and the possible suspension or limiting by local governments of an issuer’s ability to make dividend or interest payments; (v) limiting or entirely restricting repatriation of invested capital, profits, and dividends by local governments; (vi) possible local taxation of capital gains, including on a retroactive basis; (vii) the attempt by issuers facing restrictions on dollar or euro payments imposed by local governments to make dividend or interest

 

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payments to foreign investors in the local currency; (viii) difficulty in enforcing legal claims related to the securities and/or local judges favoring the interests of the issuer over those of foreign investors; (ix) bankruptcy judgments being paid in the local currency; (x) greater difficulty in determining market valuations of the securities due to limited public information regarding the issuer, and (xi) difficulty of ascertaining the financial health of an issuer due to lax financial reporting on a regular basis, substandard disclosure and differences in accounting standards.

Emerging country securities markets are typically marked by a high concentration of market capitalization and trading volume in a small number of issuers representing a limited number of industries, as well as a high concentration of ownership of such securities by a limited number of investors. Although some emerging markets have become more established and tend to issue securities of higher credit quality, the markets for securities in other emerging countries are in the earliest stages of their development, and these countries issue securities across the credit spectrum. Even the markets for relatively widely traded securities in emerging countries may not be able to absorb, without price disruptions, a significant increase in trading volume or trades of a size customarily undertaken by institutional investors in the securities markets of developed countries. The limited size of many of these securities markets can cause prices to be erratic for reasons apart from factors that affect the soundness and competitiveness of the securities issuers. For example, prices may be unduly influenced by traders who control large positions in these markets. Additionally, market making and arbitrage activities are generally less extensive in such markets, which may contribute to increased volatility and reduced liquidity of such markets. The limited liquidity of emerging country securities may also affect a Fund’s ability to accurately value its portfolio securities or to acquire or dispose of securities at the price and time it wishes to do so or in order to meet redemption requests.

Many emerging market countries suffer from uncertainty and corruption in their legal frameworks. Legislation may be difficult to interpret and laws may be too new to provide any precedential value. Laws regarding foreign investment and private property may be weak or non-existent. Sudden changes in governments may result in policies which are less favorable to investors, such as policies designed to expropriate or nationalize “sovereign” assets. Certain emerging market countries in the past have expropriated large amounts of private property, in many cases with little or no compensation, and there can be no assurance that such expropriation will not occur in the future.

Foreign investment in the securities markets of certain emerging countries is restricted or controlled to varying degrees. These restrictions may limit a Fund’s investment in certain emerging countries and may increase the expenses of the Fund. Certain emerging countries require governmental approval prior to investments by foreign persons or limit investment by foreign persons to only a specified percentage of an issuer’s outstanding securities or to a specific class of securities, which may have less advantageous terms (including price) than securities of the company available for purchase by nationals.

Many developing countries lack the social, political, and economic stability characteristic of the U.S. Political instability among emerging market countries can be common and may be caused by an uneven distribution of wealth, social unrest, labor strikes, civil wars, and religious oppression. Economic instability in emerging market countries may take the form of: (i) high interest rates; (ii) high levels of inflation, including hyperinflation; (iii) high levels of unemployment or underemployment; (iv) changes in government economic and tax policies, including confiscatory taxation; and (v) imposition of trade barriers.

Currencies of emerging market countries are subject to significantly greater risks than currencies of developed countries. Many emerging market countries have experienced steady declines or even sudden devaluations of their currencies relative to the U.S. dollar. Some emerging market currencies may not be internationally traded or may be subject to strict controls by local governments, resulting in undervalued or overvalued currencies.

Some emerging market countries have experienced balance of payment deficits and shortages in foreign exchange reserves. Governments have responded by restricting currency conversions. Future restrictive exchange controls could prevent or restrict a company’s ability to make dividend or interest payments in the original currency of the obligation (usually U.S. dollars). In addition, even though the currencies of some emerging market countries may be convertible into U.S. dollars, the conversion rates may be artificial to their actual market values.

A Fund’s income and, in some cases, capital gains from foreign stocks and securities will be subject to applicable taxation in certain of the countries in which it invests, and treaties between the U.S. and such countries may not be available in some cases to reduce the otherwise applicable tax rates. Foreign markets also have different clearance and settlement procedures, and in certain markets there have been times when settlements have been unable to keep pace with the volume of securities transactions, making it difficult to conduct such transactions. Such delays in settlement could result in temporary periods when a portion of the assets of a Fund remains uninvested and no return is earned on such assets. The inability of the Fund to make intended security purchases or sales due to settlement problems could result either in losses to the Fund due to subsequent declines in value of the portfolio

 

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securities, in the Fund deeming those securities to be illiquid, or, if the Fund has entered into a contract to sell the securities, in possible liability to the purchaser.

In the past, governments within the emerging markets have become overly reliant on the international capital markets and other forms of foreign credit to finance large public spending programs which cause huge budget deficits. Often, interest payments have become too overwhelming for a government to meet, representing a large percentage of total gross domestic product (“GDP”). These foreign obligations have become the subject of political debate and have served as fuel for political parties of the opposition, which pressure the government not to make payments to foreign creditors, but instead to use these funds for social programs. Either due to an inability to pay or submission to political pressure, foreign governments have been forced to seek a restructuring of their loan and/or bond obligations, have declared a temporary suspension of interest payments or have defaulted. These events have adversely affected the values of securities issued by foreign governments and corporations domiciled in emerging market countries and have negatively affected not only their cost of borrowing, but their ability to borrow in the future as well.

Sovereign Obligations. Sovereign debt includes investments in securities issued or guaranteed by a foreign sovereign government or its agencies, authorities or political subdivisions. An investment in sovereign debt obligations involves special risks not present in corporate debt obligations. The issuer of the sovereign debt or the governmental authorities that control the repayment of the debt may be unable or unwilling to repay principal or interest when due, and a Fund may have limited recourse in the event of a default. During periods of economic uncertainty, the market prices of sovereign debt may be more volatile than prices of U.S. debt obligations. In the past, certain emerging markets have encountered difficulties in servicing their debt obligations, withheld payments of principal and interest and declared moratoria on the payment of principal and interest on their sovereign debts.

A sovereign debtor’s willingness or ability to repay principal and pay interest in a timely manner may be affected by, among other factors, its cash flow situation, the extent of its foreign currency reserves, the availability of sufficient foreign exchange, the relative size of the debt service burden, the sovereign debtor’s policy toward principal international lenders and local political constraints. Sovereign debtors may also be dependent on expected disbursements from foreign governments, multilateral agencies and other entities to reduce principal and interest arrearages on their debt. The failure of a sovereign debtor to implement economic reforms, achieve specified levels of economic performance or repay principal or interest when due may result in the cancellation of third-party commitments to lend funds to the sovereign debtor, which may further impair such debtor’s ability or willingness to service its debts.

Foreign Currency Transactions. Certain Funds may engage in foreign currency transactions which include the following, some of which also have been described elsewhere in this SAI: options on currencies, currency futures, options on such futures, forward foreign currency transactions, forward rate agreements and currency swaps, caps and floors. Certain Funds may engage in such transactions in both U.S. and non-U.S. markets. To the extent a Fund enters into such transactions in markets other than in the U.S., the Fund may be subject to certain currency, settlement, liquidity, trading and other risks similar to those described above with respect to the Fund’s investments in foreign securities including emerging markets securities. Certain Funds may engage in such transactions to hedge against currency risks, as a substitute for securities in which the Fund invests, to increase or decrease exposure to a foreign currency, to shift exposure from one foreign currency to another, for risk management purposes or to increase income or gain to the Fund. To the extent that a Fund uses foreign currency transactions for hedging purposes, the Fund may hedge either specific transactions or portfolio positions.

While a Fund’s use of hedging strategies is intended to reduce the volatility of the net asset value of Fund shares, the net asset value of the Fund will fluctuate. There can be no assurance that a Fund’s hedging transactions will be effective. Furthermore, a Fund may only engage in hedging activities from time to time and may not necessarily be engaging in hedging activities when movements in currency exchange rates occur.

Certain Funds are authorized to deal in forward foreign exchange between currencies of the different countries in which the Fund will invest and multi-national currency units as a hedge against possible variations in the foreign exchange rate between these currencies. This is accomplished through contractual agreements entered into in the interbank market to purchase or sell one specified currency for another currency at a specified future date (up to one year) and price at the time of the contract.

Transaction Hedging. Generally, when a Fund engages in transaction hedging, it enters into foreign currency transactions with respect to specific receivables or payables of the Fund generally arising in connection with the purchase or sale of its portfolio securities. A Fund may engage in transaction hedging when it desires to “lock in”

 

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the U.S. dollar price (or a non-U.S. dollar currency (“reference currency”)) of a security it has agreed to purchase or sell, or the U.S. dollar equivalent of a dividend or interest payment in a foreign currency. By transaction hedging, a Fund attempts to protect itself against a possible loss resulting from an adverse change in the relationship between the U.S. dollar or other reference currency and the applicable foreign currency during the period between the date on which the security is purchased or sold, or on which the dividend or interest payment is declared, and the date on which such payments are made or received.

A Fund may purchase or sell a foreign currency on a spot (or cash) basis at the prevailing spot rate in connection with the settlement of transactions in portfolio securities denominated in that foreign currency. Certain Funds reserve the right to purchase and sell foreign currency futures contracts traded in the U.S. and subject to regulation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”).

For transaction hedging purposes, a Fund may also purchase U.S. exchange-listed call and put options on foreign currency futures contracts and on foreign currencies. A put option on a futures contract gives a Fund the right to assume a short position in the foreign currency futures contract until expiration of the option. A put option on currency gives a Fund the right to sell a currency at an exercise price until the expiration of the option. A call option on a futures contract gives a Fund the right to assume a long position in the futures contract until the expiration of the option. A call option on currency gives a Fund the right to purchase a currency at the exercise price until the expiration of the option.

Position Hedging. When engaging in position hedging, a Fund will enter into foreign currency exchange transactions to protect against a decline in the values of the foreign currencies in which their portfolio securities are denominated or an increase in the value of currency for securities which a Fund’s Adviser expects to purchase. In connection with the position hedging, the Fund may purchase or sell foreign currency forward contracts or foreign currency on a spot basis. A Fund may purchase U.S. exchange-listed put or call options on foreign currency and foreign currency futures contracts and buy or sell foreign currency futures contracts traded in the U.S. and subject to regulation by the CFTC.

The precise matching of the amounts of foreign currency exchange transactions and the value of the portfolio securities involved will not generally be possible because the future value of such securities in foreign currencies will change as a consequence of market movements in the value of those securities between the dates the currency exchange transactions are entered into and the dates they mature.

Forward Foreign Currency Exchange Contracts. Certain Funds may purchase forward foreign currency exchange contracts, sometimes referred to as “currency forwards” (“Forward Contracts”), which involve an obligation to purchase or sell a specific currency at a future date, which may be any fixed number of days from the date of the contract as agreed by the parties in an amount and at a price set at the time of the contract. In the case of a cancelable Forward Contract, the holder has the unilateral right to cancel the contract at maturity by paying a specified fee. The contracts are traded in the interbank market conducted directly between currency traders (usually large commercial banks) and their customers, so no intermediary is required. A Forward Contract generally has no deposit requirement, and no commissions are charged at any stage for trades.

At the maturity of a Forward Contract, a Fund may either accept or make delivery of the currency specified in the contract or, at or prior to maturity, enter into a closing transaction involving the purchase or sale of an offsetting contract. Closing transactions with respect to forward contracts are usually effected with the currency trader who is a party to the original forward contract. For forward foreign currency contracts (other than Non-Deliverable Forwards) that require physical settlement, the Funds will segregate or earmark liquid assets equal to the current notional value of each contract. In calculating the notional value, the Funds may net long and short contracts with the same currency and the same settlement date. With respect to trades that do not settle through CLS Bank International, the Funds may only net long and short contracts if the contracts are with the same counterparty. Certain Funds may also engage in non-deliverable forwards which are cash settled and which do not involve delivery of the currency specified in the contract. For more information on Non-Deliverable Forwards, see “Non-Deliverable Forwards” below.

Foreign Currency Futures Contracts. Certain Funds may purchase foreign currency futures contracts. Foreign currency futures contracts traded in the U.S. are designed by and traded on exchanges regulated by the CFTC, such as the New York Mercantile Exchange. A Fund may enter into foreign currency futures contracts for hedging purposes and other risk management purposes as defined in CFTC regulations. Certain Funds may also enter into foreign currency futures transactions to increase exposure to a foreign currency, to shift exposure from one foreign currency to another or to increase income or gain to the Fund.

 

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At the maturity of a futures contract, the Fund may either accept or make delivery of the currency specified in the contract, or at or prior to maturity enter into a closing transaction involving the purchase or sale of an offsetting contract. Closing transactions with respect to futures contracts are effected on a commodities exchange; a clearing corporation associated with the exchange assumes responsibility for closing out such contracts.

Positions in the foreign currency futures contracts may be closed out only on an exchange or board of trade which provides a secondary market in such contracts. There is no assurance that a secondary market on an exchange or board of trade will exist for any particular contract or at any particular time. In such event, it may not be possible to close a futures position; in the event of adverse price movements, the Fund would continue to be required to make daily cash payments of variation margin.

For more information on futures contracts, see “Futures Contracts” under the heading “Options and Futures Transactions” below.

Foreign Currency Options. Certain Funds may purchase and sell U.S. exchange-listed and over the counter call and put options on foreign currencies. Such options on foreign currencies operate similarly to options on securities. When a Fund purchases a put option, the Fund has the right but not the obligation to exchange money denominated in one currency into another currency at a pre-agreed exchange rate on a specified date. When a Fund sells or writes a call option, the Fund has the obligation to exchange money denominated in one currency into another currency at a pre-agreed exchange rate if the buyer exercises option. Some of the Funds may also purchase and sell non-deliverable currency options (“Non-Deliverable Options”). Non-Deliverable Options are cash-settled, options on foreign currencies (each a “Option Reference Currency”) that are non-convertible and that may be thinly traded or illiquid. Non-Deliverable Options involve an obligation to pay an amount in a deliverable currency (such as U.S. Dollars, Euros, Japanese Yen, or British Pounds Sterling) equal to the difference between the prevailing market exchange rate for the Option Reference Currency and the agreed upon exchange rate (the “Non-Deliverable Option Rate”), with respect to an agreed notional amount. Options on foreign currencies are affected by all of those factors which influence foreign exchange rates and investments generally.

A Fund is authorized to purchase or sell listed foreign currency options and currency swap contracts as a short or long hedge against possible variations in foreign exchange rates, as a substitute for securities in which a Fund may invest, and for risk management purposes. Such transactions may be effected with respect to hedges on non-U.S. dollar denominated securities (including securities denominated in the Euro) owned by the Fund, sold by the Fund but not yet delivered, committed or anticipated to be purchased by the Fund, or in transaction or cross-hedging strategies. As an illustration, a Fund may use such techniques to hedge the stated value in U.S. dollars of an investment in a Japanese yen-dominated security. In such circumstances, the Fund may purchase a foreign currency put option enabling it to sell a specified amount of yen for dollars at a specified price by a future date. To the extent the hedge is successful, a loss in the value of the dollar relative to the yen will tend to be offset by an increase in the value of the put option. To offset, in whole or in part, the cost of acquiring such a put option, the Fund also may sell a call option which, if exercised, requires it to sell a specified amount of yen for dollars at a specified price by a future date (a technique called a “collar”). By selling the call option in this illustration, the Fund gives up the opportunity to profit without limit from increases in the relative value of the yen to the dollar. Certain Funds may also enter into foreign currency futures transactions for non-hedging purposes including to increase or decrease exposure to a foreign currency, to shift exposure from one foreign currency to another or to increase income or gain to the Fund.

Certain differences exist among these foreign currency instruments. Foreign currency options provide the holder thereof the right to buy or to sell a currency at a fixed price on a future date. Listed options are third-party contracts (i.e., performance of the parties’ obligations is guaranteed by an exchange or clearing corporation) which are issued by a clearing corporation, traded on an exchange and have standardized strike prices and expiration dates. OTC options are two-party contracts and have negotiated strike prices and expiration dates. Options on futures contracts are traded on boards of trade or futures exchanges. Currency swap contracts are negotiated two-party agreements entered into in the interbank market whereby the parties exchange two foreign currencies at the inception of the contract and agree to reverse the exchange at a specified future time and at a specified exchange rate.

The JPMorgan Emerging Markets Debt Fund may also purchase and sell barrier/“touch” options (“Barrier Options”), including knock-in options (“Knock-In Options”) and knock-out options (“Knock-Out Options”). A Barrier Option is a type of exotic option that gives an investor a payout once the price of the underlying currency reaches or surpasses (or falls below) a predetermined barrier. This type of option allows the buyer of the option to set the position of the barrier, the length of time until expiration and the payout to be received once the barrier is broken. There are two kinds of Knock-In Options, (i) “up and in” and (ii) “down and in”. With Knock-In Options, if the buyer has selected an upper price barrier, and the currency hits that level, the Knock-In Option turns into a more traditional option (“Vanilla Option”) whereby the owner has the right but not the obligation to exchange money denominated in one currency into another currency at a pre-agreed exchange rate on a specified date. This type of

 

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Knock-In Option is called “up and in”. The “down and in” Knock-In Option is the same as the “up and in”, except the currency has to reach a lower barrier. Upon hitting the chosen lower price level, the “down and in” Knock-In Option turns into a Vanilla Option. As in the Knock-In Option, there are two kinds of Knock-Out Options, ( i) “up and out” and (ii) “down and out”. However, in a Knock-Out Option, the buyer begins with a Vanilla Option, and if the predetermined price barrier is hit, the Vanilla Option is cancelled and the seller has no further obligation. If the option hits the upper barrier, the option is cancelled and the investor loses the premium paid, thus, “up and out”. If the option hits the lower price barrier, the option is cancelled, thus, “down and out”. Barrier Options usually call for delivery of the underlying currency.

The value of a foreign currency option is dependent upon the value of the foreign currency and the U.S. dollar and may have no relationship to the investment merits of a foreign security. Because foreign currency transactions occurring in the interbank market involve substantially larger amounts than those that may be involved in the use of foreign currency options, investors may be disadvantaged by having to deal in an odd lot market (generally consisting of transactions of less than $1 million) for the underlying foreign currencies at prices that are less favorable than those for round lots.

There is no systematic reporting of last sale information for foreign currencies and there is no regulatory requirement that quotations available through dealer or other market sources be firm or revised on a timely basis. Available quotation information is generally representative of very large transactions in the interbank market and thus may not reflect relatively smaller transactions (less than $1 million) where rates may be less favorable. The interbank market in foreign currencies is a global, around-the-clock market. To the extent that the U.S. options markets are closed while the markets for the underlying currencies remain open, significant price and rate movements may take place in the underlying markets that cannot be reflected in the options market.

In addition to writing call options on currencies when a Fund owns the underlying currency, the Funds may also write call options on currencies even if they do not own the underlying currency as long as the Fund segregates cash or liquid assets that, when added to the amounts deposited with a futures commission merchant or a broker as margin, equal the market value of the currency underlying the call option (but not less than the strike price of the call option). The Funds may also cover a written call option by owning a separate call option permitting the Fund to purchase the reference currency at a price no higher than the strike price of the call option sold by the Fund. In addition, a Fund may write a non-deliverable call option if the Fund segregates an amount equal to the current notional value (amount obligated to pay). Netting is generally permitted of long and short positions of a specific country (assuming long and short contracts are similar). If there are securities or currency held in that specific country at least equal to the current notional value of the net currency positions, no segregation is required.

Non-Deliverable Forwards. Some of the Funds may also invest in non-deliverable forwards (“NDFs”). NDFs are cash-settled, short-term forward contracts on foreign currencies (each a “Reference Currency”) that are non-convertible and that may be thinly traded or illiquid. NDFs involve an obligation to pay an amount (the “Settlement Amount”) equal to the difference between the prevailing market exchange rate for the Reference Currency and the agreed upon exchange rate (the “NDF Rate”), with respect to an agreed notional amount. NDFs have a fixing date and a settlement (delivery) date. The fixing date is the date and time at which the difference between the prevailing market exchange rate and the agreed upon exchange rate is calculated. The settlement (delivery) date is the date by which the payment of the Settlement Amount is due to the party receiving payment.

Although NDFs are similar to forward foreign currency exchange contracts, NDFs do not require physical delivery of the Reference Currency on the settlement date. Rather, on the settlement date, the only transfer between the counterparties is the monetary settlement amount representing the difference between the NDF Rate and the prevailing market exchange rate. NDFs typically may have terms from one month up to two years and are settled in U.S. dollars.

NDFs are subject to many of the risks associated with derivatives in general and forward currency transactions including risks associated with fluctuations in foreign currency and the risk that the counterparty will fail to fulfill its obligations. The Funds will segregate or earmark liquid assets in an amount equal to the marked to market value, on a daily basis of the NDF. In calculating the mark-to-market value, the Funds may net opposing NDF contracts with the same currency and the same settlement date. With respect to trades that do not settle through CLS Bank International, the Funds may only net opposing NDF contracts if the contracts are with the same counterparty.

The Funds will typically use NDFs for hedging purposes, but may also, use such instruments to increase income or gain. The use of NDFs for hedging or to increase income or gain may not be successful, resulting in losses to the Fund, and the cost of such strategies may reduce the Funds’ respective returns.

Foreign Currency Conversion. Although foreign exchange dealers do not charge a fee for currency conversion, they do realize a profit based on the difference (the “spread”) between prices at which they are buying and selling

 

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various currencies. Thus, a dealer may offer to sell a foreign currency to a Fund at one rate while offering a lesser rate of exchange should the Fund desire to resell that currency to the dealer.

Other Foreign Currency Hedging Strategies. New options and futures contracts and other financial products, and various combinations thereof, continue to be developed, and certain Funds may invest in any such options, contracts and products as may be developed to the extent consistent with the Fund’s investment objective and the regulatory requirements applicable to investment companies, and subject to the supervision of the Trust’s Board of Trustees.

Risk Factors in Foreign Currency Transactions. The following is a summary of certain risks associated with foreign currency transactions:

Imperfect Correlation. Foreign currency transactions present certain risks. In particular, the variable degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in hedging strategies and price movements in a security being hedged creates the possibility that losses on the hedging transaction may be greater than gains in the value of a Fund’s securities.

Liquidity. Hedging instruments may not be liquid in all circumstances. As a result, in volatile markets, the Funds may not be able to dispose of or offset a transaction without incurring losses. Although foreign currency transactions used for hedging purposes may reduce the risk of loss due to a decline in the value of the hedged security, at the same time the use of these instruments could tend to limit any potential gain which might result from an increase in the value of such security.

Leverage and Volatility Risk. Derivative instruments, including foreign currency derivatives, may sometimes increase or leverage a Fund’s exposure to a particular market risk. Leverage enhances the price volatility of derivative instruments held by a Fund.

Strategy Risk. Certain Funds may use foreign currency derivatives for hedging as well as non-hedging purposes including to gain or adjust exposure to currencies and securities markets or to increase income or gain to a Fund. There is no guarantee that these strategies will succeed and their use may subject a Fund to greater volatility and loss. Foreign currency transactions involve complex securities transactions that involve risks in addition to direct investments in securities including leverage risk and the risks associated with derivatives in general, currencies, and investments in foreign and emerging markets.

Judgment of the Adviser. Successful use of foreign currency transactions by a Fund depends upon the ability of the applicable Adviser to predict correctly movements in the direction of interest and currency rates and other factors affecting markets for securities. If the expectations of the applicable Adviser are not met, a Fund would be in a worse position than if a foreign currency transaction had not been pursued. For example, if a Fund has hedged against the possibility of an increase in interest rates which would adversely affect the price of securities in its portfolio and the price of such securities increases instead, the Fund will lose part or all of the benefit of the increased value of its securities because it will have offsetting losses in its hedging positions. In addition, when utilizing instruments that require variation margin payments, if the Fund has insufficient cash to meet daily variation margin requirements, it may have to sell securities to meet such requirements.

Other Risks. Such sales of securities may, but will not necessarily, be at increased prices which reflect the rising market. Thus, a Fund may have to sell securities at a time when it is disadvantageous to do so.

It is impossible to forecast with precision the market value of portfolio securities at the expiration or maturity of a forward contract or futures contract. Accordingly, a Fund may have to purchase additional foreign currency on the spot market (and bear the expense of such purchase) if the market value of the security or securities being hedged is less than the amount of foreign currency a Fund is obligated to deliver and if a decision is made to sell the security or securities and make delivery of the foreign currency. Conversely, it may be necessary to sell on the spot market some of the foreign currency received upon the sale of the portfolio security or securities if the market value of such security or securities exceeds the amount of foreign currency the Fund is obligated to deliver.

Transaction and position hedging do not eliminate fluctuations in the underlying prices of the securities which a Fund owns or expects to purchase or sell. Rather, an Adviser may employ these techniques in an effort to maintain an investment portfolio that is relatively neutral to fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to major foreign currencies and establish a rate of exchange which one can achieve at some future point in time. Additionally, although these techniques tend to minimize the risk of loss due to a decline in the value of the hedged currency, they also tend to limit any potential gain which might result from the increase in the value of such currency. Moreover, it may not be possible for a Fund to hedge against a devaluation that is so generally anticipated that the Fund is not able to contract to sell the currency at a price above the anticipated devaluation level.

 

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Insurance-Linked Securities

The JPMorgan Strategic Income Opportunities Fund, JPMorgan Total Return Fund, JPMorgan Tax Aware Income Opportunities Fund and JPMorgan Multi-Manager Alternatives Fund may invest in debt instruments or equity securities structured as event-driven, event-linked or insurance-linked notes or catastrophe bonds (collectively, “catastrophe bonds”) and related instruments such as (re)insurance sidecars (collectively with catastrophe bonds “Insurance-Linked Securities”). These Insurance-Linked Securities are generally debt obligations or equity securities for which the return of principal and the payment of interest or dividends typically are contingent on the non-occurrence of a specific “trigger” event(s) that lead to economic and/or human loss, such as a hurricane of a specific category, earthquake of a particular magnitude, or other physical or weather-related phenomena. For some Insurance-Linked Securities, the magnitude of the effect of the trigger event on the security may be based on losses to a company or industry, modeled losses to a notional portfolio, industry indexes, readings of scientific instruments, or certain other parameters associated with a catastrophe rather than actual losses. If a trigger event, as defined within the terms of each Insurance-Linked Security, occurs, a Fund may lose a portion or all of its accrued interest, dividends and/or principal invested in such Insurance-Linked Security. In addition, if there is a dispute regarding a trigger event, there may be delays in the payment of principal, interest and dividends. A Fund is entitled to receive principal, interest and dividends payments so long as no trigger event occurs of the description and magnitude specified by the Insurance-Linked Security.

Insurance-Linked Securities may be sponsored by government agencies, insurance companies or reinsurers and issued by special purpose corporations or other off-shore or on-shore entities (such special purpose entities are created to accomplish a narrow and well-defined objective, such as the issuance of a note in connection with a specific reinsurance transaction). Typically, Insurance-Linked Securities are issued by off-shore entities including entities in emerging markets and may be non-dollar denominated. As a result, the Funds will be subject to currency and foreign and emerging markets risk including the risks described in Foreign Investments. Often, catastrophe bonds provide for extensions of maturity that are mandatory, or optional at the discretion of the issuer or sponsor, in order to process and audit loss claims in those cases where a trigger event has, or possibly has, occurred. An extension of maturity may increase volatility.

In addition to the specified trigger events, Insurance-Linked Securities also may expose a Fund to certain unanticipated risks including but not limited to issuer risk, credit risk, counterparty risk, adverse regulatory or jurisdictional interpretations, and adverse tax consequences. Additionally, Insurance-Linked Securities are subject to the risk that modeling used to calculate the probability of a trigger event may not be accurate and/or underestimate the likelihood of a trigger event. This may result in more frequent and greater than expected losses including loss of principal and/or interest with respect to catastrophic bonds and dividends with respect to (re)insurance sidecars.

Insurance-Linked Securities are relatively new types of financial instruments. As such, there is no significant trading history of these securities, and there can be no assurance that markets for these instruments will be liquid at all times. Lack of a liquid market may impose the risk of higher transaction costs and the possibility that a Fund may be forced to liquidate positions when it would not be advantageous to do so. Insurance-Linked Securities are generally rated below investment grade or the unrated equivalent and have the same or similar risks as high yield debt securities (also known as junk bonds) including the risks described under High Yield/High Risk Securities/Junk Bonds and are subject to the risk that the Fund may lose some or all of its investment if the particular trigger identified under the Insurance-Linked Security occurs.

Insurance-Linked Securities typically are restricted to qualified institutional buyers and, therefore, are not subject to registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or any state securities commission generally are not listed on any national securities exchange. The amount of public information available with respect to Insurance-Linked Securities is generally less extensive than that which is available for exchange listed securities. There can be no assurance that future regulatory determinations will not adversely affect the overall market for Insurance-Linked Securities.

Industry loss warranties are a type of Insurance-Linked Securities that are designed to protect insurers or reinsurers from severe losses due to significant catastrophic events. The buyer pays the seller a premium at the inception of the contract, and in return the buyer can make a claim if losses due to a certain class of catastrophic event (for example, Florida hurricanes), as estimated by a third-party, exceed an agreed trigger level. Industry loss warranties have standard terms and conditions and are collateralized. These contracts are evaluated using detailed underwriting information on the applicable exposures provided by the reinsurers or their intermediaries.

 

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Inverse Floaters and Interest Rate Caps

Inverse floaters are instruments whose interest rates bear an inverse relationship to the interest rate on another security or the value of an index. The market value of an inverse floater will vary inversely with changes in market interest rates and will be more volatile in response to interest rate changes than that of a fixed rate obligation. Interest rate caps are financial instruments under which payments occur if an interest rate index exceeds a certain predetermined interest rate level, known as the cap rate, which is tied to a specific index. These financial products will be more volatile in price than securities which do not include such a structure.

Investment Company Securities and Exchange-Traded Funds

Investment Company Securities. A Fund may acquire the securities of other investment companies (“acquired funds”) to the extent permitted under the 1940 Act and consistent with its investment objective and strategies. As a shareholder of another investment company, a Fund would bear, along with other shareholders, its pro rata portion of the other investment company’s expenses, including advisory fees. These expenses would be in addition to the advisory and other expenses that a Fund bears directly in connection with its own operations. Except as described below, the 1940 Act currently requires that, as determined immediately after a purchase is made, (i) not more than 5% of the value of a fund’s total assets will be invested in the securities of any one investment company, (ii) not more than 10% of the value of its total assets will be invested in the aggregate in securities of investment companies as a group and (iii) not more than 3% of the outstanding voting stock of any one investment company will be owned by a fund.

In addition, Section 17 of the 1940 Act prohibits a Fund from investing in another J.P. Morgan Fund except as permitted by Section 12 of the 1940 Act, by rule, or by exemptive order.

The limitations described above do not apply to investments in money market funds subject to certain conditions. All of the J.P. Morgan Funds may invest in affiliated and unaffiliated money market funds without limit under Rule 12d1-1 under the 1940 Act subject to the acquiring fund’s investment policies and restrictions and the conditions of the Rule.

In addition, the 1940 Act’s limits and restrictions summarized above do not apply to J.P. Morgan Funds that invest in other J.P. Morgan Funds in reliance on Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act, SEC rule, or an exemptive order issued by the SEC (each, a “Fund of Funds”; collectively, “Funds of Funds”). Such Funds of Funds include JPMorgan Investor Funds (the “Investor Funds”), the JPMorgan SmartRetirement Funds and the JPMorgan SmartRetirement Blend Funds (collectively, the “JPMorgan SmartRetirement Funds”), JPMorgan SmartAllocation Funds, JPMorgan Diversified Real Return Fund, JPMorgan Access Funds, JPMorgan Diversified Fund, and such other J.P. Morgan Funds that invest in other J.P. Morgan Funds in reliance on Section 12(d)(G) of the 1940 Act or the rules issued Section 12.

Section 12(d)(1)(G) of the 1940 Act permits a fund to invest in acquired funds in the “same group of investment companies” (“affiliated funds”), government securities and short-term paper. In addition to the investments permitted by Section 12(d)(1)(G), Rule 12d1-2 permits funds of funds to make investments in addition to affiliated funds under certain circumstances including: (1) unaffiliated investment companies (subject to certain limits), (2) other types of securities (such as stocks, bonds and other securities) not issued by an investment company that are consistent with the fund of fund’s investment policies and (3) affiliated and unaffiliated money market funds. In order to be an eligible investment under Section 12(d)(1)(G), an affiliated fund must have a policy prohibiting it from investing in other funds under Section 12(d)(1)(F) or (G) of the 1940 Act.

In addition to investments permitted by Section 12(d)(1)(G) and Rule 12d1-2, the J.P. Morgan Funds may invest in derivatives pursuant to an exemptive order issued by the SEC. Under the exemptive order, the Funds of Funds are permitted to invest in financial instruments that may not be considered “securities” for purposes of Rule 12d-1 subject to certain conditions, including a finding of the Board of Trustees that the advisory fees charged by the Adviser to the Funds of Funds are for services that are in addition to, and not duplicative of, the advisory services provided to an underlying fund.

Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”). ETFs are pooled investment vehicles whose ownership interests are purchased and sold on a securities exchange. ETFs may be structured investment companies, depositary receipts or other pooled investment vehicles. As shareholders of an ETF, the Funds will bear their pro rata portion of any fees and expenses of the ETFs. Although shares of ETFs are traded on an exchange, shares of certain ETFs may not be redeemable by the ETF. In addition, ETFs may trade at a price below their net asset value (also known as a discount).

 

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Certain Funds may use ETFs to gain exposure to various asset classes and markets or types of strategies and investments By way of example, ETFs may be structured as broad based ETFs that invest in a broad group of stocks from different industries and market sectors; select sector; or market ETFs that invest in debt securities from a select sector of the economy, a single industry or related industries; or ETFs that invest in foreign and emerging markets securities. Other types of ETFs continue to be developed and the Fund may invest in them to the extent consistent with such Funds’ investment objectives, policies and restrictions. The ETFs in which the Funds invest are subject to the risks applicable to the types of securities and investments used by the ETFs (e.g., debt securities are subject to risks like credit and interest rate risks; emerging markets securities are subject risks like currency risks and foreign and emerging markets risk; derivatives are subject to leverage and counterparty risk).

ETFs may be actively managed or index-based. Actively managed ETFs are subject to management risk and may not achieve their objective if the ETF’s manager’s expectations regarding particular securities or markets are not met. Generally, an index based ETF’s objective is to track the performance of a specified index. Index based ETFs may invest in a securities portfolio that includes substantially all of the securities in substantially the same amount as the securities included in the designated index or a representative sample. Because passively managed ETFs are designed to track an index, securities may be purchased, retained and sold at times when an actively managed ETF would not do so. As a result, shareholders of a Fund that invest in such an ETF can expect greater risk of loss (and a correspondingly greater prospect of gain) from changes in the value of securities that are heavily weighted in the index than would be the case if ETF were not fully invested in such securities. This risk is increased if a few component securities represent a highly concentrated weighting in the designated index.

Unless permitted by the 1940 Act or an order or rule issued by the SEC (see “Investment Company Securities” above for more information), the Fund’s investments in unaffiliated ETFs that are structured as investment companies as defined in the 1940 Act are subject to certain percentage limitations of the 1940 Act regarding investments in other investment companies. As a general matter, these percentage limitations currently require a Fund to limit its investments in any one issue of ETFs to 5% of the Fund’s total assets and 3% of the outstanding voting securities of the ETF issue. Moreover, a Fund’s investments in all ETFs may not currently exceed 10% of the Fund’s total assets under the 1940 Act, when aggregated with all other investments in investment companies. ETFs that are not structured as investment companies as defined in the 1940 Act are not subject to these percentage limitations.

SEC exemptive orders granted to various ETFs and their investment advisers permit the Funds to invest beyond the 1940 Act limits, subject to certain terms and conditions, including a finding of the Board of Trustees that the advisory fees charged by the Adviser to the Fund are for services that are in addition to, and not duplicative of, the advisory services provided to those ETFs.

Loans

Some of the Funds may invest in fixed and floating rate loans (“Loans”). Loans may include senior floating rate loans (“Senior Loans”) and secured and unsecured loans, second lien or more junior loans (“Junior Loans”) and bridge loans or bridge facilities (“Bridge Loans”). Loans are typically arranged through private negotiations between borrowers in the U.S. or in foreign or emerging markets which may be corporate issuers or issuers of sovereign debt obligations (“Obligors”) and one or more financial institutions and other lenders (“Lenders”). Generally, the Funds invest in Loans by purchasing assignments of all or a portion of Loans (“Assignments”) or Loan participations (“Participations”) from third parties.

A Fund has direct rights against the Obligor on the Loan when it purchases an Assignment. Because Assignments are arranged through private negotiations between potential assignees and potential assignors, however, the rights and obligations acquired by a Fund as the purchaser of an Assignment may differ from, and be more limited than, those held by the assigning Lender. With respect to Participations, typically, a Fund will have a contractual relationship only with the Lender and not with the Obligor. The agreement governing Participations may limit the rights of a Fund to vote on certain changes which may be made to the Loan agreement, such as waiving a breach of a covenant. However, the holder of a Participation will generally have the right to vote on certain fundamental issues such as changes in principal amount, payment dates and interest rate. Participations may entail certain risks relating to the creditworthiness of the parties from which the participations are obtained.

A Loan is typically originated, negotiated and structured by a U.S. or foreign commercial bank, insurance company, finance company or other financial institution (the “Agent”) for a group of Loan investors. The Agent typically administers and enforces the Loan on behalf of the other Loan investors in the syndicate. The Agent’s duties may include responsibility for the collection of principal and interest payments from the Obligor and the

 

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apportionment of these payments to the credit of all Loan investors. The Agent is also typically responsible for monitoring compliance with the covenants contained in the Loan agreement based upon reports prepared by the Obligor. In addition, an institution, typically but not always the Agent, holds any collateral on behalf of the Loan investors. In the event of a default by the Obligor, it is possible, though unlikely, that the Fund could receive a portion of the borrower’s collateral. If the Fund receives collateral other than cash, any proceeds received from liquidation of such collateral will be available for investment as part of the Fund’s portfolio.

In the process of buying, selling and holding Loans, a Fund may receive and/or pay certain fees. These fees are in addition to interest payments received and may include facility fees, commitment fees, commissions and prepayment penalty fees. When a Fund buys or sells a Loan it may pay a fee. In certain circumstances, a Fund may receive a prepayment penalty fee upon prepayment of a Loan.

Additional Information concerning Senior Loans. Senior Loans typically hold the most senior position in the capital structure of the Obligor, are typically secured with specific collateral and have a claim on the assets and/or stock of the Obligor that is senior to that held by subordinated debtholders and shareholders of the Obligor. Collateral for Senior Loans may include (i) working capital assets, such as accounts receivable and inventory; (ii) tangible fixed assets, such as real property, buildings and equipment; (iii) intangible assets, such as trademarks and patent rights; and/or (iv) security interests in shares of stock of subsidiaries or affiliates.

Additional Information concerning Junior Loans. Junior Loans include secured and unsecured loans including subordinated loans, second lien and more junior loans, and bridge loans. Second lien and more junior loans (“Junior Lien Loans”) are generally second or further in line in terms of repayment priority. In addition, Junior Lien Loans may have a claim on the same collateral pool as the first lien or other more senior liens or may be secured by a separate set of assets. Junior Loans generally give investors priority over general unsecured creditors in the event of an asset sale.

Additional Information concerning Bridge Loans. Bridge Loans are short-term loan arrangements (e.g., 12 to 18 months) typically made by an Obligor in anticipation of intermediate-term or long-term permanent financing. Most Bridge Loans are structured as floating-rate debt with step-up provisions under which the interest rate on the Bridge Loan rises the longer the Loan remains outstanding. In addition, Bridge Loans commonly contain a conversion feature that allows the Bridge Loan investor to convert its Loan interest to senior exchange notes if the Loan has not been prepaid in full on or prior to its maturity date. Bridge Loans typically are structured as Senior Loans but may be structured as Junior Loans.

Additional Information concerning Unfunded Commitments. Unfunded commitments are contractual obligations pursuant to which the Fund agrees to invest in a Loan at a future date. Typically, the Fund receives a commitment fee for entering into the Unfunded Commitment.

Additional Information concerning Synthetic Letters of Credit. Loans include synthetic letters of credit. In a synthetic letter of credit transaction, the Lender typically creates a special purpose entity or a credit-linked deposit account for the purpose of funding a letter of credit to the borrower. When a Fund invests in a synthetic letter of credit, the Fund is typically paid a rate based on the Lender’s borrowing costs and the terms of the synthetic letter of credit. Synthetic letters of credit are typically structured as Assignments with the Fund acquiring direct rights against the Obligor.

Additional Information concerning Loan Originations. In addition to investing in loan assignments and participations, the Strategic Income Opportunities Fund may originate Loans in which the Fund would lend money directly to a borrower by investing in limited liability companies or corporations that make loans directly to borrowers. The terms of the Loans are negotiated with borrowers in private transactions. Such Loans would be collateralized, typically with tangible fixed assets such as real property or interests in real property. Such Loans may also include mezzanine loans. Unlike Loans secured by a mortgage on real property, mezzanine loans are collateralized by an equity interest in a special purpose vehicle that owns the real property.

Limitations on Investments in Loan Assignments and Participations. If a government entity is a borrower on a Loan, the Fund will consider the government to be the issuer of an Assignment or Participation for purposes of a Fund’s fundamental investment policy that it will not invest 25% or more of its total assets in securities of issuers conducting their principal business activities in the same industry (i.e., foreign government).

Limited Federal Securities Law Protections. Certain Loans may not be considered securities under the federal securities laws. In such circumstances, fewer legal protections may be available with respect to a Fund’s investment in those Loans. In particular, if a Loan is not considered a security under the federal securities laws, certain legal protections normally available to investors under the federal securities laws, such as those against fraud and misrepresentation, may not be available.

 

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Risk Factors of Loans. Loans are subject to the risks associated with debt obligations in general including interest rate risk, credit risk and market risk. When a Loan is acquired from a Lender, the risk includes the credit risk associated with the Obligor of the underlying Loan. The Fund may incur additional credit risk when the Fund acquires a participation in a Loan from another lender because the Fund must assume the risk of insolvency or bankruptcy of the other lender from which the Loan was acquired. To the extent that Loans involve Obligors in foreign or emerging markets, such Loans are subject to the risks associated with foreign investments or investments in emerging markets in general. The following outlines some of the additional risks associated with Loans.

High Yield Securities Risk. The Loans that a Fund invests in may not be rated by an NRSRO, will not be registered with the SEC or any state securities commission and will not be listed on any national securities exchange. To the extent that such high yield Loans are rated, they typically will be rated below investment grade and are subject to an increased risk of default in the payment of principal and interest as well as the other risks described under “High Yield/High Risk Securities/Junk Bonds.” Loans are vulnerable to market sentiment such that economic conditions or other events may reduce the demand for Loans and cause their value to decline rapidly and unpredictably.

Liquidity Risk. Although the Funds limit their investments in illiquid securities to no more than 15% of a Fund’s net assets (5% of the total assets for the Money Market Funds) at the time of purchase, Loans that are deemed to be liquid at the time of purchase may become illiquid or less liquid. No active trading market may exist for certain Loans and certain Loans may be subject to restrictions on resale or have a limited secondary market. Certain Loans may be subject to irregular trading activity, wide bid/ask spreads and extended trade settlement periods. The inability to dispose of certain Loans in a timely fashion or at a favorable price could result in losses to a Fund. Also, to the extent that a Fund needs to satisfy redemption requests or cover unanticipated cash shortfalls, the Fund may seek to engage in borrowing under a credit facility or enter into lending agreements under which the Fund would borrow money for temporary purposes directly from another J.P. Morgan Fund (please see “Interfund Lending”). Certain Money Market Funds also use an interest bearing deposit facility to set aside cash at a level estimated to meet the Money Market Fund’s next business day’s intraday redemption orders. See “Interest Bearing Deposit Facility” for more information.

Collateral and Subordination Risk. With respect to Loans that are secured, a Fund is subject to the risk that collateral securing the Loan will decline in value or have no value or that the Fund’s lien is or will become junior in payment to other liens. A decline in value of the collateral, whether as a result of market value declines, bankruptcy proceedings or otherwise, could cause the Loan to be under collateralized or unsecured. In such event, the Fund may have the ability to require that the Obligor pledge additional collateral. The Fund, however, is subject to the risk that the Obligor may not pledge such additional collateral or a sufficient amount of collateral. In some cases, there may be no formal requirement for the Obligor to pledge additional collateral. In addition, collateral may consist of assets that may not be readily liquidated, and there is no assurance that the liquidation of such assets would satisfy an Obligor’s obligation on a Loan. If the Fund were unable to obtain sufficient proceeds upon a liquidation of such assets, this could negatively affect Fund performance.

If an Obligor becomes involved in bankruptcy proceedings, a court may restrict the ability of the Fund to demand immediate repayment of the Loan by Obligor or otherwise liquidate the collateral. A court may also invalidate the Loan or the Fund’s security interest in collateral or subordinate the Fund’s rights under a Senior Loan or Junior Loan to the interest of the Obligor’s other creditors, including unsecured creditors, or cause interest or principal previously paid to be refunded to the Obligor. If a court required interest or principal to be refunded, it could negatively affect Fund performance. Such action by a court could be based, for example, on a “fraudulent conveyance” claim to the effect that the Obligor did not receive fair consideration for granting the security interest in the Loan collateral to a Fund. For Senior Loans made in connection with a highly leveraged transaction, consideration for granting a security interest may be deemed inadequate if the proceeds of the Loan were not received or retained by the Obligor, but were instead paid to other persons (such as shareholders of the Obligor) in an amount which left the Obligor insolvent or without sufficient working capital. There are also other events, such as the failure to perfect a security interest due to faulty documentation or faulty official filings, which could lead to the invalidation of a Fund’s security interest in Loan collateral. If the Fund’s security interest in Loan collateral is invalidated or a Senior Loan were subordinated to other debt of an Obligor in bankruptcy or other proceedings, the Fund would have substantially lower recovery, and perhaps no recovery on the full amount of the principal and interest due on the Loan, or the Fund could have to refund interest. Lenders and investors in Loans can be sued by other creditors and shareholders of the Obligors. Losses can be greater than the original Loan amount and occur years after the principal and interest on the Loan have been repaid.

 

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Agent Risk. Selling Lenders, Agents and other entities who may be positioned between a Fund and the Obligor will likely conduct their principal business activities in the banking, finance and financial services industries. Investments in Loans may be more impacted by a single economic, political or regulatory occurrence affecting such industries than other types of investments. Entities engaged in such industries may be more susceptible to, among other things, fluctuations in interest rates, changes in the Federal Open Market Committee’s monetary policy, government regulations concerning such industries and concerning capital raising activities generally and fluctuations in the financial markets generally. An Agent, Lender or other entity positioned between a Fund and the Obligor may become insolvent or enter FDIC receivership or bankruptcy. The Fund might incur certain costs and delays in realizing payment on a Loan or suffer a loss of principal and/or interest if assets or interests held by the Agent, Lender or other party positioned between the Fund and the Obligor are determined to be subject to the claims of the Agent’s, Lender’s or such other party’s creditors.

Regulatory Changes. To the extent that legislation or state or federal regulators that regulate certain financial institutions impose additional requirements or restrictions with respect to the ability of such institutions to make Loans, particularly in connection with highly leveraged transactions, the availability of Loans for investment may be adversely affected. Furthermore, such legislation or regulation could depress the market value of Loans held by the Fund.

Inventory Risk. Affiliates of the Adviser may participate in the primary and secondary market for Loans. Because of limitations imposed by applicable law, the presence of the Adviser’s affiliates in the Loan market may restrict a Fund’s ability to acquire some Loans, affect the timing of such acquisition or affect the price at which the Loan is acquired.

Information Risk. There is typically less publicly available information concerning Loans than other types of fixed income investments. As a result, a Fund generally will be dependent on reports and other information provided by the Obligor, either directly or through an Agent, to evaluate the Obligor’s creditworthiness or to determine the Obligor’s compliance with the covenants and other terms of the Loan Agreement. Such reliance may make investments in Loans more susceptible to fraud than other types of investments. In addition, because the Adviser may wish to invest in the publicly traded securities of an Obligor, it may not have access to material non-public information regarding the Obligor to which other Loan investors have access.

Junior Loan Risk. Junior Loans are subject to the same general risks inherent to any Loan investment. Due to their lower place in the Obligor’s capital structure and possible unsecured status, Junior Loans involve a higher degree of overall risk than Senior Loans of the same Obligor. Junior Loans that are Bridge Loans generally carry the expectation that the Obligor will be able to obtain permanent financing in the near future. Any delay in obtaining permanent financing subjects the Bridge Loan investor to increased risk. An Obligor’s use of Bridge Loans also involves the risk that the Obligor may be unable to locate permanent financing to replace the Bridge Loan, which may impair the Obligor’s perceived creditworthiness.

Mezzanine Loan Risk. In addition to the risk factors described above, mezzanine loans are subject to additional risks. Unlike conventional mortgage loans, mezzanine loans are not secured by a mortgage on the underlying real property but rather by a pledge of equity interests (such as a partnership or limited liability company membership) in the property owner or another company in the ownership structures that has control over the property. Such companies are typically structured as special purpose entities. Generally, mezzanine loans may be more highly leveraged than other types of Loans and subordinate in the capital structure of the Obligor. While foreclosure of a mezzanine loan generally takes substantially less time than foreclosure of a traditional mortgage, the holders of a mezzanine loan have different remedies available versus the holder of a first lien mortgage loan. In addition, a sale of the underlying real property would not be unencumbered, and thus would be subject to encumbrances by more senior mortgages and liens of other creditors. Upon foreclosure of a mezzanine loan, the holder of the mezzanine loan acquires an equity interest in the Obligor. However, because of the subordinate nature of a mezzanine loan, the real property continues to be subject to the lien of the mortgage and other liens encumbering the real estate. In the event the holder of a mezzanine loan forecloses on its equity collateral, the holder may need to cure the Obligor’s existing mortgage defaults or, to the extent permissible under the governing agreements, sell the property to pay off other creditors. To the extent that the amount of mortgages and senior indebtedness and liens exceed the value of the real estate, the collateral underlying the mezzanine loan may have little or no value.

Foreclosure Risk. There may be additional costs associated with enforcing a Fund’s remedies under a Loan including additional legal costs and payment of real property transfer taxes upon foreclosure in certain jurisdictions. As a result of these additional costs, the Fund may determine that pursuing foreclosure on the

 

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Loan collateral is not worth the associated costs. In addition, if the Fund incurs costs and the collateral loses value or is not recovered by the Fund in foreclosure, the Fund could lose more than its original investment in the Loan. Foreclosure risk is heightened for Junior Loans, including certain mezzanine loans.

Miscellaneous Investment Strategies and Risks

Borrowings. A Fund may borrow for temporary purposes and/or for investment purposes. Such a practice will result in leveraging of a Fund’s assets and may cause a Fund to liquidate portfolio positions when it would not be advantageous to do so. This borrowing may be secured or unsecured. If a Fund utilizes borrowings, for investment purposes or otherwise, it may pledge up to 33 1/3% of its total assets to secure such borrowings. Provisions of the 1940 Act require a Fund to maintain continuous asset coverage (that is, total assets including borrowings, less liabilities exclusive of borrowings) of 300% of the amount borrowed, with an exception for borrowings not in excess of 5% of the Fund’s total assets made for temporary administrative or emergency purposes. Any borrowings for temporary administrative purposes in excess of 5% of the Fund’s total assets must maintain continuous asset coverage. If the 300% asset coverage should decline as a result of market fluctuations or other reasons, a Fund may be required to sell some of its portfolio holdings within three days to reduce the debt and restore the 300% asset coverage, even though it may be disadvantageous from an investment standpoint to sell securities at that time. Borrowing will tend to exaggerate the effect on net asset value of any increase or decrease in the market value of a Fund’s portfolio. Money borrowed will be subject to interest costs which may or may not be recovered by appreciation of the securities purchased. A Fund also may be required to maintain minimum average balances in connection with such borrowing or to pay a commitment or other fee to maintain a line of credit; either of these requirements would increase the cost of borrowing over the stated interest rate.

Certain types of investments are considered to be borrowings under precedents issued by the SEC. Such investments are subject to the limitations as well as asset segregation requirements. In addition, each Fund may enter into Interfund Lending Arrangements. Please see “Interfund Lending”.

Commodity-Linked Derivatives. Commodity-linked derivatives are derivative instruments the value of which is linked to the value of a commodity, commodity index or commodity futures contract. A Fund’s investment in commodity-linked derivative instruments may subject the Fund to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities, particularly if the instruments involve leverage. The value of commodity-linked derivative instruments may be affected by changes in overall market movements, commodity index volatility, changes in interest rates, or factors affecting a particular industry or commodity, such as drought, floods, weather, livestock disease, embargoes, tariffs and international economic, political and regulatory developments. Use of leveraged commodity-linked derivatives creates the possibility for greater loss (including the likelihood of greater volatility of the Fund’s net asset value), and there can be no assurance that a Fund’s use of leverage will be successful. Tax considerations may limit a Fund’s ability to pursue investments in commodity-linked derivatives.

Commodity-Related Pooled Investment Vehicles. Commodity-related pooled investment vehicles include ownership interests in grantor trusts and other pooled investment vehicles that hold tangible assets such as gold, silver or other commodities or invest in commodity futures. Grantor trusts are typically traded on an exchange.

Investors do not have the rights normally associated with ownership of other types of shares when they invest in pooled investment vehicles holding commodities or commodity futures, including those structured as limited partnerships or grantor trusts holding commodities. For example, the owners of these commodity-related grantor trusts or limited partnerships do not have the right to elect directors, receive dividends or take other actions normally associated with the ownership of shares of a corporation. Holders of a certain percentage of shares in a grantor trust may have the right to terminate the trust or exercise other rights which would not be available to small investors. If investors other than a Fund exercise their right to terminate, a Fund that wishes to invest in the underlying commodity through the pooled investment vehicle will have to find another investment and may not be able to find another vehicle that offers the same investment features. In the event that one or more participants holding a substantial interest in these pooled investment vehicles withdraw from participation, the liquidity of the pooled investment vehicle will likely decrease which could adversely affect the market price of the pooled investment vehicle and result in a Fund incurring a loss on its investments.

These pooled investment vehicles are not registered investment companies, and many are not commodity pools, and therefore, do not have the protections available to those types of investments under federal securities or commodities laws. For example, unlike registered investment companies, these vehicles are not subject to federal securities laws that limit transactions with affiliates, require redemption of shares, or limit sales load. Although

 

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shares of these vehicles may be traded on an exchange, there may be no active market for such shares and such shares may be highly illiquid.

These vehicles are subject to the risks associated with direct investments in commodities. The market price of shares of these vehicles will be as unpredictable as the price of the underlying commodity. Many factors can cause a decline in the prices of commodities including a change in economic conditions, such as a recession. This risk is magnified when the commodity is used in manufacturing. In addition, the prices of commodities may be adversely impacted by a change in the attitude of speculators and investors toward the applicable commodity, or a significant increase in commodity price hedging activity. In addition, the value of the shares will be adversely affected if the assets owned by the trust are lost, damaged or of inferior quality.

The commodities represented by shares of a grantor trust will decrease over the life of the trust due to sales of the underlying commodities necessary to pay trust fees and expenses, including expenses associated with indemnification of certain service providers to the pooled investment vehicle. Without increases in the price of the underlying commodity sufficient to compensate for that decrease, the price of the investment will decline and a Fund will incur a loss on its investment.

Commodity-related grantor trusts are passive investment vehicles. This means that the value of the investment in a grantor trust may be adversely affected by trust losses that, if the trust had been actively managed, it might have been possible to avoid. A Fund’s intention to qualify as a regulated investment company under Subchapter M of the Code may limit its ability to make investments in grantor trusts or limited partnerships that invest in commodities or commodity futures.

Cyber Security Risk. As the use of technology has become more prevalent in the course of business, the Funds have become more susceptible to operational and financial risks associated with cyber security, including: theft, loss, misuse, improper release, corruption and destruction of, or unauthorized access to, confidential or highly restricted data relating to a Fund and its shareholders; and compromises or failures to systems, networks, devices and applications relating to the operations of a Fund and its service providers. Cyber security risks may result in financial losses to a Fund and its shareholders; the inability of a Fund to transact business with its shareholders; delays or mistakes in the calculation of a Fund’s NAV or other materials provided to shareholders; the inability to process transactions with shareholders or other parties; violations of privacy and other laws; regulatory fines, penalties and reputational damage; and compliance and remediation costs, legal fees and other expenses. A Fund’s service providers (including, but not limited to, its investment adviser, any sub-advisers, administrator, transfer agent, and custodian or their agents), financial intermediaries, companies in which a Fund invests and parties with which a Fund engages in portfolio or other transactions also may be adversely impacted by cyber security risks in their own businesses, which could result in losses to a Fund or its shareholders. While measures have been developed which are designed to reduce the risks associated with cyber security, there is no guarantee that those measures will be effective, particularly since the Funds do not directly control the cyber security defenses or plans of their service providers, financial intermediaries and companies in which they invest or with which they do business.

Volcker Rule Risk. Section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and certain rules promulgated thereunder (known as the Volcker Rule) places restrictions on the activities of banking entities, including the adviser and its affiliates, and may impact the long-term viability of a Fund. Under the Volcker Rule, if the adviser or its affiliates own 25% or more of the ownership interests of a Fund outside of the permitted seeding time period, a Fund could be subject to restrictions on trading that would adversely impact a Fund’s ability to execute its investment strategy. As a result, the adviser and/or its affiliates may be required to reduce their ownership interests in a Fund at a time that is sooner than would otherwise be desirable. This may require the sale of Fund securities, which may result in losses, increased transaction costs and adverse tax consequences. In addition, the ongoing viability of a Fund may be adversely impacted by the anticipated or actual redemption of Fund shares owned by the adviser and its affiliates and could result in a Fund’s liquidation.

Exchange-Traded Notes (“ETNs”) are senior, unsecured notes linked to an index. Like ETFs, they may be bought and sold like shares of stock on an exchange. However, ETNs have a different underlying structure. While ETF shares represent an interest in a portfolio of securities, ETNs are structured products that are an obligation of the issuing bank, whereby the bank agrees to pay a return based on the target index less any fees. Essentially, these notes allow individual investors to have access to derivatives linked to commodities and assets such as oil, currencies and foreign stock indexes. ETNs combine certain aspects of bonds and ETFs. Similar to ETFs, ETNs are traded on a major exchange (e.g., the New York Stock Exchange) during normal trading hours. However, investors can also hold the ETN until maturity. At maturity, the issuer pays to the investor a cash amount equal to principal

 

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amount, subject to the day’s index factor. ETN returns are based upon the performance of a market index minus applicable fees. ETNs do not make periodic coupon payments and provide no principal protection. The value of an ETN may be influenced by time to maturity, level of supply and demand for the ETN, volatility and lack of liquidity in underlying commodities markets, changes in the applicable interest rates, changes in the issuer’s credit rating and economic, legal, political or geographic events that affect the referenced commodity. The value of the ETN may drop due to a downgrade in the issuer’s credit rating, despite the underlying index remaining unchanged. The timing and character of income and gains derived from ETNs is under consideration by the U.S. Treasury and Internal Revenue Service and may also be affected by future legislation.

Impact of Large Redemptions and Purchases of Fund Shares. Under applicable regulations, the Adviser or an affiliate of the Adviser may be required to reduce its seed investment or other ownership interest in a Fund at a time that is sooner than the Adviser or its affiliate otherwise would. In addition to such redemptions of seed investment, from time to time, shareholders of a Fund (which may include the Adviser or affiliates of the Adviser or accounts for which the Adviser or its affiliates serve as investment adviser or trustee or, for certain Funds, affiliated and/or non-affiliated registered investment companies that invest in a Fund) may make relatively large redemptions or purchases of Fund shares. These transactions may cause a Fund to have to sell securities, or invest additional cash, as the case may be. While it is impossible to predict the overall impact of these transactions over time, there could be adverse effects on a Fund’s performance to the extent that the Fund is required to sell securities or invest cash at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may result in a loss to the Fund. These transactions may result in higher portfolio turnover, accelerate the realization of taxable income if sales of securities resulted in capital gains or other income and increase transaction costs, which may impact the Fund’s expense ratio. Additionally, a significant reduction in Fund assets would result in Fund expenses being spread over a small asset base, potentially causing an increase in the Fund’s expense ratio. To the extent that such transactions result in short-term capital gains, such gains will generally be taxed at the ordinary income tax rate. In addition to the above information, the Funds’ SAIs include disclosure of accounts holding more than 5% of a Fund’s voting securities.

Government Intervention in Financial Markets. Events in the financial sector over the past several years have resulted in reduced liquidity in credit and fixed income markets and in an unusually high degree of volatility in the financial markets, both domestically and internationally. While entire markets have been impacted, issuers that have exposure to the real estate, mortgage and credit markets have been particularly affected. These events and the potential for continuing market turbulence may have an adverse effect on the Funds’ investments. It is uncertain how long these conditions will continue.

Recent instability in the financial markets has led governments and regulators around the world to take a number of unprecedented actions designed to support certain financial institutions and segments of the financial markets that have experienced extreme volatility, and in some cases a lack of liquidity. Governments, their regulatory agencies, or self regulatory organizations may take actions that affect the regulation of the instruments in which the Funds invest, or the issuers of such instruments, in ways that are unforeseeable. Legislation or regulation may also change the way in which the Funds themselves are regulated. Such legislation or regulation could limit or preclude a Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective.

Governments or their agencies may also acquire distressed assets from financial institutions and acquire ownership interests in those institutions. The implications of government ownership and disposition of these assets are unclear, and such a program may have positive or negative effects on the liquidity, valuation and performance of a Fund’s portfolio holdings. Furthermore, volatile financial markets can expose the Funds to greater market and liquidity risk and potential difficulty in valuing portfolio instruments held by the Funds.

Interest Bearing Deposit Facility. As part of seeking to provide intraday liquidity, certain Money Market Funds generally set aside cash in an interest bearing deposit facility (“IBDF”) at a level estimated to meet the Money Market Fund’s next business day’s intraday redemption orders. Under the IBDF, each Money Market Fund expects to retain a balance (“designated balance”) overnight in its custodial cash deposit account with JPMorgan Chase Bank at a level estimated to meet its next business day’s intraday redemption orders. As redemption payments are processed for the Money Market Fund on the next business day, outgoing wires are debited from its account. At the end of that day, the Money Market Fund seeks to allocate cash to the account to restore the designated balance. A Money Market Fund receives interest overnight on the designated balance.

Interfund Lending. To satisfy redemption requests or to cover unanticipated cash shortfalls, a Fund may enter into lending agreements (“Interfund Lending Agreements”) under which the Fund would lend money and borrow money for temporary purposes directly to and from another J.P. Morgan Fund through a credit facility (“Interfund Loan”), subject to meeting the conditions of an SEC exemptive order granted to the Funds permitting such interfund

 

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lending. No Fund may borrow more than the lesser of the amount permitted by Section 18 of the 1940 Act or the amount permitted by its investment limitations. All Interfund Loans will consist only of uninvested cash reserves that the Fund otherwise would invest in short-term repurchase agreements or other short-term instruments.

If a Fund has outstanding borrowings, any Interfund Loans to the Fund (a) will be at an interest rate equal to or lower than any outstanding bank loan, (b) will be secured at least on an equal priority basis with at least an equivalent percentage of collateral to loan value as any outstanding bank loan that requires collateral, (c) will have a maturity no longer than any outstanding bank loan (and in any event not over seven days) and (d) will provide that, if an event of default occurs under any agreement evidencing an outstanding bank loan to the Fund, the event of default will automatically (without need for action or notice by the lending Fund) constitute an immediate event of default under the Interfund Lending Agreement entitling the lending Fund to call the Interfund Loan (and exercise all rights with respect to any collateral) and that such call will be made if the lending bank exercises its right to call its loan under its agreement with the borrowing Fund.

A Fund may make an unsecured borrowing through the credit facility if its outstanding borrowings from all sources immediately after the interfund borrowing total 10% or less of its total assets; provided, that if the Fund has a secured loan outstanding from any other lender, including but not limited to another J.P. Morgan Fund, the Fund’s interfund borrowing will be secured on at least an equal priority basis with at least an equivalent percentage of collateral to loan value as any outstanding loan that requires collateral. If a Fund’s total outstanding borrowings immediately after an interfund borrowing would be greater than 10% of its total assets, the Fund may borrow through the credit facility on a secured basis only. A Fund may not borrow through the credit facility nor from any other source if its total outstanding borrowings immediately after the interfund borrowing would exceed the limits imposed by Section 18 of the 1940 Act.

No Fund may lend to another Fund through the interfund lending credit facility if the loan would cause its aggregate outstanding loans through the credit facility to exceed 15% of the lending Fund’s net assets at the time of the loan. A Fund’s Interfund Loans to any one Fund shall not exceed 5% of the lending Fund’s net assets. The duration of Interfund Loans is limited to the time required to receive payment for securities sold, but in no event may the duration exceed seven days. Loans effected within seven days of each other will be treated as separate loan transactions for purposes of this condition. Each Interfund Loan may be called on one business day’s notice by a lending Fund and may be repaid on any day by a borrowing Fund.

The limitations detailed above and the other conditions of the SEC exemptive order permitting interfund lending are designed to minimize the risks associated with interfund lending for both the lending fund and the borrowing fund. However, no borrowing or lending activity is without risk. When a Fund borrows money from another Fund, there is a risk that the loan could be called on one day’s notice or not renewed, in which case the Fund may have to borrow from a bank at higher rates if an Interfund Loan were not available from another Fund. A delay in repayment to a lending Fund could result in a lost opportunity or additional lending costs.

Master Limited Partnerships. Certain companies are organized as master limited partnerships (“MLPs”) in which ownership interests are publicly traded. MLPs often own several properties or businesses (or directly own interests) that are related to real estate development and oil and gas industries, but they also may finance motion pictures, research and development and other projects or provide financial services. Generally, an MLP is operated under the supervision of one or more managing general partners. Limited partners (like a Fund that invests in an MLP) are not involved in the day-to-day management of the partnership. They are allocated income and capital gains associated with the partnership project in accordance with the terms established in the partnership agreement.

The risks of investing in an MLP are generally those inherent in investing in a partnership as opposed to a corporation. For example, state law governing partnerships is often less restrictive than state law governing corporations. Accordingly, there may be fewer protections afforded investors in an MLP than investors in a corporation. Additional risks involved with investing in an MLP are risks associated with the specific industry or industries in which the partnership invests, such as the risks of investing in real estate, or oil and gas industries.

New Financial Products. New options and futures contracts and other financial products, and various combinations thereof, including over-the-counter products, continue to be developed. These various products may be used to adjust the risk and return characteristics of certain Funds’ investments. These various products may increase or decrease exposure to security prices, interest rates, commodity prices, or other factors that affect security values, regardless of the issuer’s credit risk. If market conditions do not perform as expected, the performance of a Fund would be less favorable than it would have been if these products were not used. In addition, losses may occur if counterparties involved in transactions do not perform as promised. These products may expose the Fund to potentially greater return as well as potentially greater risk of loss than more traditional fixed income investments.

 

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Private Placements, Restricted Securities and Other Unregistered Securities. Subject to its policy limitation, a Fund may acquire investments that are illiquid or have limited liquidity, such as commercial obligations issued in reliance on the so-called “private placement” exemption from registration afforded by Section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “1933 Act”), and cannot be offered for public sale in the U.S. without first being registered under the 1933 Act. An illiquid investment is any investment that cannot be disposed of within seven days in the normal course of business at approximately the amount at which it is valued by a Fund. The price a Fund pays for illiquid securities or receives upon resale may be lower than the price paid or received for similar securities with a more liquid market. Accordingly the valuation of these securities will reflect any limitations on their liquidity.

A Fund is subject to a risk that should the Fund decide to sell illiquid securities when a ready buyer is not available at a price the Fund deems representative of their value, the value of the Fund’s net assets could be adversely affected. Where an illiquid security must be registered under the 1933 Act before it may be sold, a Fund may be obligated to pay all or part of the registration expenses, and a considerable period may elapse between the time of the decision to sell and the time the Fund may be permitted to sell a security under an effective registration statement. If, during such a period, adverse market conditions were to develop, a Fund might obtain a less favorable price than prevailed when it decided to sell.

The Funds may invest in commercial paper issued in reliance on the exemption from registration afforded by Section 4(a)(2) of the 1933 Act and other restricted securities (i.e., other securities subject to restrictions on resale). Section 4(a)(2) commercial paper (“4(a)(2) paper”) is restricted as to disposition under federal securities law and is generally sold to institutional investors, such as the Funds, that agree that they are purchasing the paper for investment purposes and not with a view to public distribution. Any resale by the purchaser must be in an exempt transaction. 4(a)(2) paper is normally resold to other institutional investors through or with the assistance of the issuer or investment dealers who make a market in 4(a)(2) paper, thus providing liquidity. The Funds believe that 4(a)(2) paper and possibly certain other restricted securities which meet the criteria for liquidity established by the Trustees are quite liquid. The Funds intend, therefore, to treat restricted securities that meet the liquidity criteria established by the Board of Trustees, including 4(a)(2) paper and Rule 144A Securities, as determined by the Fund’s Adviser, as liquid and not subject to the investment limitation applicable to illiquid securities.

The ability of the Trustees to determine the liquidity of certain restricted securities is permitted under an SEC Staff position set forth in the adopting release for Rule 144A under the 1933 Act (“Rule 144A”). Rule 144A is a nonexclusive safe-harbor for certain secondary market transactions involving securities subject to restrictions on resale under federal securities laws. Rule 144A provides an exemption from registration for resales of otherwise restricted securities to qualified institutional buyers. Rule 144A was expected to further enhance the liquidity of the secondary market for securities eligible for resale. The Funds believe that the Staff of the SEC has left the question of determining the liquidity of all restricted securities to the Trustees. The Trustees have directed each Fund’s Adviser to consider the following criteria in determining the liquidity of certain restricted securities:

 

   

the frequency of trades and quotes for the security;

 

   

the number of dealers willing to purchase or sell the security and the number of other potential buyers;

 

   

dealer undertakings to make a market in the security; and

 

   

the nature of the security and the nature of the marketplace trades.

Certain 4(a)(2) paper programs cannot rely on Rule 144A because, among other things, they were established before the adoption of the rule. However, the Trustees may determine for purposes of the Trust’s liquidity requirements that an issue of 4(a)(2) paper is liquid if the following conditions, which are set forth in a 1994 SEC no-action letter, are met:

 

   

The 4(a)(2) paper must not be traded flat or in default as to principal or interest;

 

   

The 4(a)(2) paper must be rated in one of the two highest rating categories by at least two NRSROs, or if only one NRSRO rates the security, by that NRSRO, or if unrated, is determined by a Fund’s Adviser to be of equivalent quality;

 

   

The Fund’s Adviser must consider the trading market for the specific security, taking into account all relevant factors, including but not limited to, whether the paper is the subject of a commercial paper program that is administered by an issuing and paying agent bank and for which there exists a dealer willing to make a market in that paper, or whether the paper is administered by a direct issuer pursuant to a direct placement program;

 

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The Fund’s Adviser shall monitor the liquidity of the 4(a)(2) paper purchased and shall report to the Board of Trustees promptly if any such securities are no longer determined to be liquid if such determination causes a Fund to hold more than 10% of its net assets in illiquid securities in order for the Board of Trustees to consider what action, if any, should be taken on behalf of the Trust, unless the Fund’s Adviser is able to dispose of illiquid assets in an orderly manner in an amount that reduces the Fund’s holdings of illiquid assets to less than 10% of its net assets; and

 

   

The Fund’s Adviser shall report to the Board of Trustees on the appropriateness of the purchase and retention of liquid restricted securities under these guidelines no less frequently than quarterly.

Securities Issued in Connection with Reorganizations and Corporate Restructuring. Debt securities may be downgraded and issuers of debt securities including investment grade securities may default in the payment of principal or interest or be subject to bankruptcy proceedings. In connection with reorganizing or restructuring of an issuer, an issuer may issue common stock or other securities to holders of its debt securities. A Fund may hold such common stock and other securities even though it does not ordinarily invest in such securities.

Stapled Securities. From time to time, the Funds may invest in stapled securities to gain exposure to companies. A stapled security is a security that is comprised of two or more parts that cannot be separated from one another. The resulting security is influenced by both parts, and must be treated as one unit at all times, such as when buying or selling a security. The value of stapled securities and the income derived from them may fall as well as rise. Stapled securities are not obligations of, deposits in, or guaranteed by, the Fund. The listing of stapled securities on a domestic or foreign exchange does not guarantee a liquid market for stapled securities.

Temporary Defensive Positions. To respond to unusual market conditions, all of the Funds may invest their assets in cash or cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are highly liquid, high quality instruments with maturities of three months or less on the date they are purchased (“Cash Equivalents”) for temporary defensive purposes. These investments may result in a lower yield than lower-quality or longer term investments and may prevent the Funds from meeting their investment objectives. The percentage of Fund’s total assets that a Fund may invest in cash or cash equivalents is described in the applicable Fund’s Prospectuses. They include securities issued by the U.S. government, its agencies, Government-Sponsored Enterprises (“GSEs”) and instrumentalities, repurchase agreements with maturities of 7 days or less, certificates of deposit, bankers’ acceptances, commercial paper, money market mutual funds, and bank deposit accounts. In order to invest in repurchase agreements with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for temporary defensive purposes, certain Funds may engage in periodic “test” trading in order to assess operational abilities at times when the Fund would otherwise not enter into such a position. These exercises may vary in size and frequency.

Mortgage-Related Securities

Mortgages (Directly Held). Mortgages are debt instruments secured by real property. Unlike mortgage-backed securities, which generally represent an interest in a pool of mortgages, direct investments in mortgages involve prepayment and credit risks of an individual issuer and real property. Consequently, these investments require different investment and credit analysis by a Fund’s Adviser.

Directly placed mortgages may include residential mortgages, multifamily mortgages, mortgages on cooperative apartment buildings, commercial mortgages, and sale-leasebacks. These investments are backed by assets such as office buildings, shopping centers, retail stores, warehouses, apartment buildings and single-family dwellings. In the event that a Fund forecloses on any non-performing mortgage, and acquires a direct interest in the real property, such Fund will be subject to the risks generally associated with the ownership of real property. There may be fluctuations in the market value of the foreclosed property and its occupancy rates, rent schedules and operating expenses. There may also be adverse changes in local, regional or general economic conditions, deterioration of the real estate market and the financial circumstances of tenants and sellers, unfavorable changes in zoning, building, environmental and other laws, increased real property taxes, rising interest rates, reduced availability and increased cost of mortgage borrowings, the need for unanticipated renovations, unexpected increases in the cost of energy, environmental factors, acts of God and other factors which are beyond the control of a Fund or the Fund’s Adviser. Hazardous or toxic substances may be present on, at or under the mortgaged property and adversely affect the value of the property. In addition, the owners of property containing such substances may be held responsible, under various laws, for containing, monitoring, removing or cleaning up such substances. The presence of such substances may also provide a basis for other claims by third parties. Costs of clean up or of liabilities to third parties may exceed the value of the property. In addition, these risks may be uninsurable. In light of these and similar risks, it may be impossible to dispose profitably of properties in foreclosure.

Mortgage-Backed Securities (“CMOs” and “REMICs”). Mortgage-backed securities include collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”) and Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits (“REMICs”). A REMIC is a CMO

 

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that qualifies for special tax treatment under the Code and invests in certain mortgages principally secured by interests in real property and other permitted investments.

Mortgage-backed securities represent pools of mortgage loans assembled for sale to investors by:

 

   

various governmental agencies such as the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”);

 

   

organizations such as the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”); and

 

   

non-governmental issuers such as commercial banks, savings and loan institutions, mortgage bankers, and private mortgage insurance companies (non-governmental mortgage securities cannot be treated as U.S. government securities for purposes of investment policies).

There are a number of important differences among the agencies, GSEs and instrumentalities of the U.S. government that issue mortgage-related securities and among the securities that they issue.

Ginnie Mae Securities. Mortgage-related securities issued by Ginnie Mae include Ginnie Mae Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates which are guaranteed as to the timely payment of principal and interest by Ginnie Mae. Ginnie Mae’s guarantee is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Ginnie Mae is a wholly-owned U.S. government corporation within the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Ginnie Mae certificates also are supported by the authority of Ginnie Mae to borrow funds from the U.S. Treasury to make payments under its guarantee.

Fannie Mae Securities. Mortgage-related securities issued by Fannie Mae include Fannie Mae Guaranteed Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates which are solely the obligations of Fannie Mae and are not backed by or entitled to the full faith and credit of the U.S. Fannie Mae is a government-sponsored organization owned entirely by private stockholders. Fannie Mae Certificates are guaranteed as to timely payment of the principal and interest by Fannie Mae.

Freddie Mac Securities. Mortgage-related securities issued by Freddie Mac include Freddie Mac Mortgage Participation Certificates. Freddie Mac is a corporate instrumentality of the U.S., created pursuant to an Act of Congress, which is owned by private stockholders. Freddie Mac Certificates are not guaranteed by the U.S. or by any Federal Home Loan Bank and do not constitute a debt or obligation of the U.S. or of any Federal Home Loan Bank. Freddie Mac Certificates entitle the holder to timely payment of interest, which is guaranteed by Freddie Mac. Freddie Mac guarantees either ultimate collection or timely payment of all principal payments on the underlying mortgage loans. When Freddie Mac does not guarantee timely payment of principal, Freddie Mac may remit the amount due on account of its guarantee of ultimate payment of principal at any time after default on an underlying mortgage, but in no event later than one year after it becomes payable.

For more information on recent events impacting Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac securities, see “Recent Events Regarding Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Securities” under the heading “Risk Factors of Mortgage-Related Securities” below.

CMOs and guaranteed REMIC pass-through certificates (“REMIC Certificates”) issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae and private issuers are types of multiple class pass-through securities. Investors may purchase beneficial interests in REMICs, which are known as “regular” interests or “residual” interests. The Funds do not currently intend to purchase residual interests in REMICs. The REMIC Certificates represent beneficial ownership interests in a REMIC Trust, generally consisting of mortgage loans or Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae guaranteed mortgage pass-through certificates (the “Mortgage Assets”). The obligations of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae under their respective guaranty of the REMIC Certificates are obligations solely of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae, respectively.

Fannie Mae REMIC Certificates. Fannie Mae REMIC Certificates are issued and guaranteed as to timely distribution of principal and interest by Fannie Mae. In addition, Fannie Mae will be obligated to distribute the principal balance of each class of REMIC Certificates in full, whether or not sufficient funds are otherwise available.

Freddie Mac REMIC Certificates. Freddie Mac guarantees the timely payment of interest, and also guarantees the payment of principal as payments are required to be made on the underlying mortgage participation certificates (“PCs”). PCs represent undivided interests in specified residential mortgages or participation therein purchased by Freddie Mac and placed in a PC pool. With respect to principal payments on

 

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PCs, Freddie Mac generally guarantees ultimate collection of all principal of the related mortgage loans without offset or deduction. Freddie Mac also guarantees timely payment of principal on certain PCs referred to as “Gold PCs.”

Ginnie Mae REMIC Certificates. Ginnie Mae guarantees the full and timely payment of interest and principal on each class of securities (in accordance with the terms of those classes as specified in the related offering circular supplement). The Ginnie Mae guarantee is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S.

REMIC Certificates issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae are treated as U.S. Government securities for purposes of investment policies.

CMOs and REMIC Certificates provide for the redistribution of cash flow to multiple classes. Each class of CMOs or REMIC Certificates, often referred to as a “tranche,” is issued at a specific adjustable or fixed interest rate and must be fully retired no later than its final distribution date. This reallocation of interest and principal results in the redistribution of prepayment risk across different classes. This allows for the creation of bonds with more or less risk than the underlying collateral exhibits. Principal prepayments on the mortgage loans or the Mortgage Assets underlying the CMOs or REMIC Certificates may cause some or all of the classes of CMOs or REMIC Certificates to be retired substantially earlier than their final distribution dates. Generally, interest is paid or accrues on all classes of CMOs or REMIC Certificates on a monthly basis.

The principal of and interest on the Mortgage Assets may be allocated among the several classes of CMOs or REMIC Certificates in various ways. In certain structures (known as “sequential pay” CMOs or REMIC Certificates), payments of principal, including any principal prepayments, on the Mortgage Assets generally are applied to the classes of CMOs or REMIC Certificates in the order of their respective final distribution dates. Thus, no payment of principal will be made on any class of sequential pay CMOs or REMIC Certificates until all other classes having an earlier final distribution date have been paid in full.

Additional structures of CMOs and REMIC Certificates include, among others, principal only structures, interest only structures, inverse floaters and “parallel pay” CMOs and REMIC Certificates. Certain of these structures may be more volatile than other types of CMO and REMIC structures. Parallel pay CMOs or REMIC Certificates are those which are structured to apply principal payments and prepayments of the Mortgage Assets to two or more classes concurrently on a proportionate or disproportionate basis. These simultaneous payments are taken into account in calculating the final distribution date of each class.

A wide variety of REMIC Certificates may be issued in the parallel pay or sequential pay structures. These securities include accrual certificates (also known as “Z-Bonds”), which only accrue interest at a specified rate until all other certificates having an earlier final distribution date have been retired and are converted thereafter to an interest-paying security, and planned amortization class (“PAC”) certificates, which are parallel pay REMIC Certificates which generally require that specified amounts of principal be applied on each payment date to one or more classes of REMIC Certificates (the “PAC Certificates”), even though all other principal payments and prepayments of the Mortgage Assets are then required to be applied to one or more other classes of the certificates. The scheduled principal payments for the PAC Certificates generally have the highest priority on each payment date after interest due has been paid to all classes entitled to receive interest currently. Shortfalls, if any, are added to the amount of principal payable on the next payment date. The PAC Certificate payment schedule is taken into account in calculating the final distribution date of each class of PAC. In order to create PAC tranches, one or more tranches generally must be created that absorb most of the volatility in the underlying Mortgage Assets. These tranches tend to have market prices and yields that are much more volatile than the PAC classes. The Z-Bonds in which the Funds may invest may bear the same non-credit-related risks as do other types of Z-Bonds. Z-Bonds in which the Fund may invest will not include residual interest.

Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses set forth in the fee table and Financial Highlights section of each Fund’s Prospectuses do not include any expenses associated with investments in certain structured or synthetic products that may rely on the exception for the definition of “investment company” provided by section 3(c)(1) or 3(c)(7) of the 1940 Act.

Mortgage TBAs. A Fund may invest in mortgage pass-through securities eligible to be sold in the “to-be-announced” or TBA market (“Mortgage TBAs”). Mortgage TBAs provide for the forward or delayed delivery of the underlying instrument with settlement up to 180 days. The term TBA comes from the fact that the actual mortgage-backed security that will be delivered to fulfill a TBA trade is not designated at the time the trade is made, but rather is generally announced 48 hours before the settlement date. Mortgage TBAs are subject to the risks described in the “When-Issued Securities, Delayed Delivery Securities and Forward Commitments” section.

 

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Mortgage Dollar Rolls. In a mortgage dollar roll transaction, one party sells mortgage-backed securities, principally Mortgage TBAs, for delivery in the current month and simultaneously contracts with the same counterparty to repurchase similar (same type, coupon and maturity) but not identical securities on a specified future date. When a Fund enters into TBAs/mortgage dollar rolls, the Fund will segregate or earmark until the settlement date liquid assets, in an amount equal to the original purchase price. TBA positions with the same agency, coupon, and maturity, are generally permitted to be netted if the short position settles on the same date or before the long position. During the period between the sale and repurchase in a mortgage dollar roll transaction, the Fund will not be entitled to receive interest and principal payments on securities sold. Losses may arise due to changes in the value of the securities or if the counterparty does not perform under the terms of the agreement. If the counterparty files for bankruptcy or becomes insolvent, the Fund’s right to repurchase or sell securities may be limited. Mortgage dollar rolls may be subject to leverage risks. In addition, mortgage dollar rolls may increase interest rate risk and result in an increased portfolio turnover rate which increases costs and may increase taxable gains. The benefits of mortgage dollar rolls may depend upon a Fund’s Adviser’s ability to predict mortgage prepayments and interest rates. There is no assurance that mortgage dollar rolls can be successfully employed. For purposes of diversification and investment limitations, mortgage dollar rolls are considered to be mortgage-backed securities.

Stripped Mortgage-Backed Securities. Stripped Mortgage-Backed Securities (“SMBS”) are derivative multi-class mortgage securities issued outside the REMIC or CMO structure. SMBS are usually structured with two classes that receive different proportions of the interest and principal distributions from a pool of mortgage assets. A common type of SMBS will have one class receiving all of the interest from the mortgage assets (“IOs”), while the other class will receive all of the principal (“POs”). Mortgage IOs receive monthly interest payments based upon a notional amount that declines over time as a result of the normal monthly amortization and unscheduled prepayments of principal on the associated mortgage POs.

In addition to the risks applicable to Mortgage-Related Securities in general, SMBS are subject to the following additional risks:

Prepayment/Interest Rate Sensitivity. SMBS are extremely sensitive to changes in prepayments and interest rates. Even though these securities have been guaranteed by an agency or instrumentality of the U.S. government, under certain interest rate or prepayment rate scenarios, the Funds may lose money on investments in SMBS.

Interest Only SMBS. Changes in prepayment rates can cause the return on investment in IOs to be highly volatile. Under extremely high prepayment conditions, IOs can incur significant losses.

Principal Only SMBS. POs are bought at a discount to the ultimate principal repayment value. The rate of return on a PO will vary with prepayments, rising as prepayments increase and falling as prepayments decrease. Generally, the market value of these securities is unusually volatile in response to changes in interest rates.

Yield Characteristics. Although SMBS may yield more than other mortgage-backed securities, their cash flow patterns are more volatile and there is a greater risk that any premium paid will not be fully recouped. A Fund’s Adviser will seek to manage these risks (and potential benefits) by investing in a variety of such securities and by using certain analytical and hedging techniques.

Adjustable Rate Mortgage Loans. Certain Funds may invest in adjustable rate mortgage loans (“ARMs”). ARMs eligible for inclusion in a mortgage pool will generally provide for a fixed initial mortgage interest rate for a specified period of time. Thereafter, the interest rates (the “Mortgage Interest Rates”) may be subject to periodic adjustment based on changes in the applicable index rate (the “Index Rate”). The adjusted rate would be equal to the Index Rate plus a gross margin, which is a fixed percentage spread over the Index Rate established for each ARM at the time of its origination.

Adjustable interest rates can cause payment increases that some borrowers may find difficult to make. However, certain ARMs may provide that the Mortgage Interest Rate may not be adjusted to a rate above an applicable lifetime maximum rate or below an applicable lifetime minimum rate for such ARM. Certain ARMs may also be subject to limitations on the maximum amount by which the Mortgage Interest Rate may adjust for any single adjustment period (the “Maximum Adjustment”). Other ARMs (“Negatively Amortizing ARMs”) may provide instead or as well for limitations on changes in the monthly payment on such ARMs. Limitations on monthly payments can result in monthly payments which are greater or less than the amount necessary to amortize a Negatively Amortizing ARM by its maturity at the Mortgage Interest Rate in effect in any particular month. In the event that a monthly payment is not sufficient to pay the interest accruing on a Negatively Amortizing ARM, any such excess interest is added to the principal balance of the loan, causing negative amortization and will be repaid through future monthly payments. It may take borrowers under Negatively Amortizing ARMs longer periods of

 

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time to achieve equity and may increase the likelihood of default by such borrowers. In the event that a monthly payment exceeds the sum of the interest accrued at the applicable Mortgage Interest Rate and the principal payment which would have been necessary to amortize the outstanding principal balance over the remaining term of the loan, the excess (or “accelerated amortization”) further reduces the principal balance of the ARM. Negatively Amortizing ARMs do not provide for the extension of their original maturity to accommodate changes in their Mortgage Interest Rate. As a result, unless there is a periodic recalculation of the payment amount (which there generally is), the final payment may be substantially larger than the other payments. These limitations on periodic increases in interest rates and on changes in monthly payments protect borrowers from unlimited interest rate and payment increases.

Certain ARMs may provide for periodic adjustments of scheduled payments in order to amortize fully the mortgage loan by its stated maturity. Other ARMs may permit their stated maturity to be extended or shortened in accordance with the portion of each payment that is applied to interest as affected by the periodic interest rate adjustments.

There are two main categories of indices which provide the basis for rate adjustments on ARMs: those based on U.S. Treasury securities and those derived from a calculated measure such as a cost of funds index or a moving average of mortgage rates. Commonly utilized indices include the one-year, three-year and five-year constant maturity Treasury bill rates, the three-month Treasury bill rate, the 180-day Treasury bill rate, rates on longer-term Treasury securities, the 11th District Federal Home Loan Bank Cost of Funds, the National Median Cost of Funds, the one-month, three-month, six-month or one-year London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), the prime rate of a specific bank, or commercial paper rates. Some indices, such as the one-year constant maturity Treasury rate, closely mirror changes in market interest rate levels. Others, such as the 11th District Federal Home Loan Bank Cost of Funds index, tend to lag behind changes in market rate levels and tend to be somewhat less volatile. The degree of volatility in the market value of the Fund’s portfolio and therefore in the net asset value of the Fund’s shares will be a function of the length of the interest rate reset periods and the degree of volatility in the applicable indices.

In general, changes in both prepayment rates and interest rates will change the yield on Mortgage-Backed Securities. The rate of principal prepayments with respect to ARMs has fluctuated in recent years. As is the case with fixed mortgage loans, ARMs may be subject to a greater rate of principal prepayments in a declining interest rate environment. For example, if prevailing interest rates fall significantly, ARMs could be subject to higher prepayment rates than if prevailing interest rates remain constant because the availability of fixed rate mortgage loans at competitive interest rates may encourage mortgagors to refinance their ARMs to “lock-in” a lower fixed interest rate. Conversely, if prevailing interest rates rise significantly, ARMs may prepay at lower rates than if prevailing rates remain at or below those in effect at the time such ARMs were originated. As with fixed rate mortgages, there can be no certainty as to the rate of prepayments on the ARMs in either stable or changing interest rate environments. In addition, there can be no certainty as to whether increases in the principal balances of the ARMs due to the addition of deferred interest may result in a default rate higher than that on ARMs that do not provide for negative amortization.

Other factors affecting prepayment of ARMs include changes in mortgagors’ housing needs, job transfers, unemployment, mortgagors’ net equity in the mortgage properties and servicing decisions.

Risk Factors of Mortgage-Related Securities. The following is a summary of certain risks associated with Mortgage-Related Securities:

Guarantor Risk. There can be no assurance that the U.S. government would provide financial support to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac if necessary in the future. Although certain mortgage-related securities are guaranteed by a third party or otherwise similarly secured, the market value of the security, which may fluctuate, is not so secured.

Interest Rate Sensitivity. If a Fund purchases a mortgage-related security at a premium, that portion may be lost if there is a decline in the market value of the security whether resulting from changes in interest rates or prepayments in the underlying mortgage collateral. As with other interest-bearing securities, the prices of such securities are inversely affected by changes in interest rates. Although the value of a mortgage-related security may decline when interest rates rise, the converse is not necessarily true since in periods of declining interest rates the mortgages underlying the securities are prone to prepayment. For this and other reasons, a mortgage-related security’s stated maturity may be shortened by unscheduled prepayments on the underlying mortgages and, therefore, it is not possible to predict accurately the security’s return to the Fund. In addition, regular payments received in respect of mortgage-related securities include both interest and principal. No assurance can be given as to the return the Fund will receive when these amounts are reinvested.

Liquidity. The liquidity of certain mortgage-backed securities varies by type of security; at certain times the Fund may encounter difficulty in disposing of such investments. In the past, in stressed markets, certain types of mortgage-

 

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backed securities suffered periods of illiquidity when disfavored by the market. It is possible that the Fund may be unable to sell a mortgage-backed security at a desirable time or at the value the Fund has placed on the investment.

Market Value. The market value of the Fund’s adjustable rate Mortgage-Backed Securities may be adversely affected if interest rates increase faster than the rates of interest payable on such securities or by the adjustable rate mortgage loans underlying such securities. Furthermore, adjustable rate Mortgage-Backed Securities or the mortgage loans underlying such securities may contain provisions limiting the amount by which rates may be adjusted upward and downward and may limit the amount by which monthly payments may be increased or decreased to accommodate upward and downward adjustments in interest rates. When the market value of the properties underlying the Mortgage-Backed Securities suffer broad declines on a regional or national level, the values of the corresponding Mortgage-Backed Securities or Mortgage-Backed Securities as a whole, may be adversely affected as well.

Prepayments. Adjustable rate Mortgage-Backed Securities have less potential for capital appreciation than fixed rate Mortgage-Backed Securities because their coupon rates will decline in response to market interest rate declines. The market value of fixed rate Mortgage-Backed Securities may be adversely affected as a result of increases in interest rates and, because of the risk of unscheduled principal prepayments, may benefit less than other fixed rate securities of similar maturity from declining interest rates. Finally, to the extent Mortgage-Backed Securities are purchased at a premium, mortgage foreclosures and unscheduled principal prepayments may result in some loss of the Fund’s principal investment to the extent of the premium paid. On the other hand, if such securities are purchased at a discount, both a scheduled payment of principal and an unscheduled prepayment of principal will increase current and total returns and will accelerate the recognition of income.

Yield Characteristics. The yield characteristics of Mortgage-Backed Securities differ from those of traditional fixed income securities. The major differences typically include more frequent interest and principal payments, usually monthly, and the possibility that prepayments of principal may be made at any time. Prepayment rates are influenced by changes in current interest rates and a variety of economic, geographic, social and other factors and cannot be predicted with certainty. As with fixed rate mortgage loans, adjustable rate mortgage loans may be subject to a greater prepayment rate in a declining interest rate environment. The yields to maturity of the Mortgage-Backed Securities in which the Funds invest will be affected by the actual rate of payment (including prepayments) of principal of the underlying mortgage loans. The mortgage loans underlying such securities generally may be prepaid at any time without penalty. In a fluctuating interest rate environment, a predominant factor affecting the prepayment rate on a pool of mortgage loans is the difference between the interest rates on the mortgage loans and prevailing mortgage loan interest rates taking into account the cost of any refinancing. In general, if mortgage loan interest rates fall sufficiently below the interest rates on fixed rate mortgage loans underlying mortgage pass-through securities, the rate of prepayment would be expected to increase. Conversely, if mortgage loan interest rates rise above the interest rates on the fixed rate mortgage loans underlying the mortgage pass-through securities, the rate of prepayment may be expected to decrease.

Recent Events Regarding Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Securities. On September 6, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into conservatorship. As the conservator, FHFA succeeded to all rights, titles, powers and privileges of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and of any stockholder, officer or director of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac with respect to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and the assets of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. FHFA selected a new chief executive officer and chairman of the board of directors for each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In connection with the conservatorship, the U.S. Treasury entered into a Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac pursuant to which the U.S. Treasury will purchase up to an aggregate of $100 billion of each of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to maintain a positive net worth in each enterprise. This agreement contains various covenants, discussed below, that severely limit each enterprise’s operations. In exchange for entering into these agreements, the U.S. Treasury received $1 billion of each enterprise’s senior preferred stock and warrants to purchase 79.9% of each enterprise’s common stock. In 2009, the U.S. Treasury announced that it was doubling the size of its commitment to each enterprise under the Senior Preferred Stock Program to $200 billion. The U.S. Treasury’s obligations under the Senior Preferred Stock Program are for an indefinite period of time for a maximum amount of $200 billion per enterprise. In 2009, the U.S. Treasury further amended the Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement to allow the cap on the U.S. Treasury’s funding commitment to increase as necessary to accommodate any cumulative reduction in Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s net worth through the end of 2012. In August 2012, the Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement was further amended to, among other things, accelerate the wind down of the retained portfolio, terminate the requirement that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac each pay a 10% dividend annually on all amounts received under the funding commitment, and require the submission of an annual risk management plan to the U.S. Treasury.

 

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Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are continuing to operate as going concerns while in conservatorship and each remain liable for all of its obligations, including its guaranty obligations, associated with its mortgage-backed securities. The Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement is intended to enhance each of Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s ability to meet its obligations. The FHFA has indicated that the conservatorship of each enterprise will end when the director of FHFA determines that FHFA’s plan to restore the enterprise to a safe and solvent condition has been completed.

Under the Federal Housing Finance Regulatory Reform Act of 2008 (the Reform Act”), which was included as part of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, FHFA, as conservator or receiver, has the power to repudiate any contract entered into by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac prior to FHFA’s appointment as conservator or receiver, as applicable, if FHFA determines, in its sole discretion, that performance of the contract is burdensome and that repudiation of the contract promotes the orderly administration of Fannie Mae’s or Freddie Mac’s affairs. The Reform Act requires FHFA to exercise its right to repudiate any contract within a reasonable period of time after its appointment as conservator or receiver. FHFA, in its capacity as conservator, has indicated that it has no intention to repudiate the guaranty obligations of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac because FHFA views repudiation as incompatible with the goals of the conservatorship. However, in the event that FHFA, as conservator or if it is later appointed as receiver for Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, were to repudiate any such guaranty obligation, the conservatorship or receivership estate, as applicable, would be liable for actual direct compensatory damages in accordance with the provisions of the Reform Act. Any such liability could be satisfied only to the extent of Fannie Mae’s or Freddie Mac’s assets available therefor. In the event of repudiation, the payments of interest to holders of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities would be reduced if payments on the mortgage loans represented in the mortgage loan groups related to such mortgage-backed securities are not made by the borrowers or advanced by the servicer. Any actual direct compensatory damages for repudiating these guaranty obligations may not be sufficient to offset any shortfalls experienced by such mortgage-backed security holders. Further, in its capacity as conservator or receiver, FHFA has the right to transfer or sell any asset or liability of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac without any approval, assignment or consent. Although FHFA has stated that it has no present intention to do so, if FHFA, as conservator or receiver, were to transfer any such guaranty obligation to another party, holders of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities would have to rely on that party for satisfaction of the guaranty obligation and would be exposed to the credit risk of that party.

In addition, certain rights provided to holders of mortgage-backed securities issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac under the operative documents related to such securities may not be enforced against FHFA, or enforcement of such rights may be delayed, during the conservatorship or any future receivership. The operative documents for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac mortgage-backed securities may provide (or with respect to securities issued prior to the date of the appointment of the conservator may have provided) that upon the occurrence of an event of default on the part of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, in its capacity as guarantor, which includes the appointment of a conservator or receiver, holders of such mortgage-backed securities have the right to replace Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac as trustee if the requisite percentage of mortgage-backed securities holders consent. The Reform Act prevents mortgage-backed security holders from enforcing such rights if the event of default arises solely because a conservator or receiver has been appointed. The Reform Act also provides that no person may exercise any right or power to terminate, accelerate or declare an event of default under certain contracts to which Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac is a party, or obtain possession of or exercise control over any property of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, or affect any contractual rights of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, without the approval of FHFA, as conservator or receiver, for a period of 45 or 90 days following the appointment of FHFA as conservator or receiver, respectively.

In addition, in a February 2011 report to Congress from the Treasury Department and the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Obama administration provided a plan to reform America’s housing finance market. The plan would reduce the role of and eventually eliminate Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Notably, the plan does not propose similar significant changes to Ginnie Mae, which guarantees payments on mortgage-related securities backed by federally insured or guaranteed loans such as those issued by the Federal Housing Association or guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. The report also identified three proposals for Congress and the administration to consider for the long-term structure of the housing finance markets after the elimination of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, including implementing: (i) a privatized system of housing finance that limits government insurance to very limited groups of creditworthy low- and moderate-income borrowers; (ii) a privatized system with a government backstop mechanism that would allow the government to insure a larger share of the housing finance market during a future housing crisis; and (iii) a privatized system where the government would offer reinsurance to holders of certain highly-rated mortgage-related securities insured by private insurers and would pay out under the reinsurance arrangements only if the private mortgage insurers were insolvent.

 

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The conditions attached to the financial contribution made by the Treasury to Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae and the issuance of senior preferred stock place significant restrictions on the activities of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae must obtain the consent of the Treasury to, among other things, (i) make any payment to purchase or redeem its capital stock or pay any dividend other than in respect of the senior preferred stock, (ii) issue capital stock of any kind, (iii) terminate the conservatorship of the FHFA except in connection with a receivership, or (iv) increase its debt beyond certain specified levels. In addition, significant restrictions are placed on the maximum size of each of Freddie Mac’s and Fannie Mae’s respective portfolios of mortgages and mortgage-backed securities, and the purchase agreements entered into by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae provide that the maximum size of their portfolios of these assets must decrease by a specified percentage each year. The future status and role of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae could be impacted by (among other things) the actions taken and restrictions placed on Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae by the FHFA in is role as conservator, the restrictions placed on Freddie Mac’s and Fannie Mae’s operations and activities as a result of the senior preferred stock investment made by the U.S. Treasury, market responses to developments at Freddie Mac and Fannie Mac, and future legislative and regulatory action that alters the operations, ownership, structure and/or mission of these institutions, each of which may, in turn, impact the value of, and cash flows on, any mortgage-backed securities guaranteed by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, including any such mortgage-backed securities held by a Fund.

Municipal Securities

Municipal Securities are issued to obtain funds for a wide variety of reasons. For example, municipal securities may be issued to obtain funding for the construction of a wide range of public facilities such as:

 

  1. bridges;

 

  2. highways;

 

  3. roads;

 

  4. schools;

 

  5. waterworks and sewer systems; and

 

  6. other utilities.

Other public purposes for which Municipal Securities may be issued include:

 

  1. refunding outstanding obligations;

 

  2. obtaining funds for general operating expenses; and

 

  3. obtaining funds to lend to other public institutions and facilities.

In addition, certain debt obligations known as “Private Activity Bonds” may be issued by or on behalf of municipalities and public authorities to obtain funds to provide:

 

  1. water, sewage and solid waste facilities;

 

  2. qualified residential rental projects;

 

  3. certain local electric, gas and other heating or cooling facilities;

 

  4. qualified hazardous waste facilities;

 

  5. high-speed intercity rail facilities;

 

  6. governmentally-owned airports, docks and wharves and mass transportation facilities;

 

  7. qualified mortgages;

 

  8. student loan and redevelopment bonds; and

 

  9. bonds used for certain organizations exempt from Federal income taxation.

Certain debt obligations known as “Industrial Development Bonds” under prior Federal tax law may have been issued by or on behalf of public authorities to obtain funds to provide:

 

  1. privately operated housing facilities;

 

  2. sports facilities;

 

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  3. industrial parks;

 

  4. convention or trade show facilities;

 

  5. airport, mass transit, port or parking facilities;

 

  6. air or water pollution control facilities;

 

  7. sewage or solid waste disposal facilities; and

 

  8. facilities for water supply.

Other private activity bonds and industrial development bonds issued to fund the construction, improvement, equipment or repair of privately-operated industrial, distribution, research, or commercial facilities may also be Municipal Securities, however the size of such issues is limited under current and prior Federal tax law. The aggregate amount of most private activity bonds and industrial development bonds is limited (except in the case of certain types of facilities) under Federal tax law by an annual “volume cap.” The volume cap limits the annual aggregate principal amount of such obligations issued by or on behalf of all governmental instrumentalities in the state.

The two principal classifications of Municipal Securities consist of “general obligation” and “limited” (or revenue) issues. General obligation bonds are obligations involving the credit of an issuer possessing taxing power and are payable from the issuer’s general unrestricted revenues and not from any particular fund or source. The characteristics and method of enforcement of general obligation bonds vary according to the law applicable to the particular issuer, and payment may be dependent upon appropriation by the issuer’s legislative body. Limited obligation bonds are payable only from the revenues derived from a particular facility or class of facilities or, in some cases, from the proceeds of a special excise or other specific revenue source. Private activity bonds and industrial development bonds generally are revenue bonds and thus not payable from the unrestricted revenues of the issuer. The credit and quality of such bonds is generally related to the credit of the bank selected to provide the letter of credit underlying the bond. Payment of principal of and interest on industrial development revenue bonds is the responsibility of the corporate user (and any guarantor).

The Funds may also acquire “moral obligation” issues, which are normally issued by special purpose authorities, and in other tax-exempt investments including pollution control bonds and tax-exempt commercial paper. Each Fund that may purchase municipal bonds may purchase:

 

  1. Short-term tax-exempt General Obligations Notes;

 

  2. Tax Anticipation Notes;

 

  3. Bond Anticipation Notes;

 

  4. Revenue Anticipation Notes;

 

  5. Project Notes; and

 

  6. Other forms of short-term tax-exempt loans.

Such notes are issued with a short-term maturity in anticipation of the receipt of tax funds, the proceeds of bond placements, or other revenues. Project Notes are issued by a state or local housing agency and are sold by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. While the issuing agency has the primary obligation with respect to its Project Notes, they are also secured by the full faith and credit of the U.S. through agreements with the issuing authority which provide that, if required, the Federal government will lend the issuer an amount equal to the principal of and interest on the Project Notes.

There are, of course, variations in the quality of Municipal Securities, both within a particular classification and between classifications. Also, the yields on Municipal Securities depend upon a variety of factors, including:

 

  1. general money market conditions;

 

  2. coupon rate;

 

  3. the financial condition of the issuer;

 

  4. general conditions of the municipal bond market;

 

  5. the size of a particular offering;

 

  6. the maturity of the obligations; and

 

  7. the rating of the issue.

 

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The ratings of Moody’s and S&P represent their opinions as to the quality of Municipal Securities. However, ratings are general and are not absolute standards of quality. Municipal Securities with the same maturity, interest rate and rating may have different yields while Municipal Securities of the same maturity and interest rate with different ratings may have the same yield. Subsequent to its purchase by a Fund, an issue of Municipal Securities may cease to be rated or its rating may be reduced below the minimum rating required for purchase by the Fund. The Adviser will consider such an event in determining whether the Fund should continue to hold the obligations.

Municipal Securities may include obligations of municipal housing authorities and single-family mortgage revenue bonds. Weaknesses in Federal housing subsidy programs and their administration may result in a decrease of subsidies available for payment of principal and interest on housing authority bonds. Economic developments, including fluctuations in interest rates and increasing construction and operating costs, may also adversely impact revenues of housing authorities. In the case of some housing authorities, inability to obtain additional financing could also reduce revenues available to pay existing obligations.

Single-family mortgage revenue bonds are subject to extraordinary mandatory redemption at par in whole or in part from the proceeds derived from prepayments of underlying mortgage loans and also from the unused proceeds of the issue within a stated period which may be within a year from the date of issue.

Municipal leases are obligations issued by state and local governments or authorities to finance the acquisition of equipment and facilities. Municipal leases may be considered to be illiquid. They may take the form of a lease, an installment purchase contract, a conditional sales contract, or a participation interest in any of the above. The Board of Trustees is responsible for determining the credit quality of unrated municipal leases on an ongoing basis, including an assessment of the likelihood that the lease will not be canceled.

Premium Securities. During a period of declining interest rates, many Municipal Securities in which the Funds invest likely will bear coupon rates higher than current market rates, regardless of whether the securities were initially purchased at a premium.

Risk Factors in Municipal Securities. The following is a summary of certain risks associated with Municipal Securities

Tax Risk. The Code imposes certain continuing requirements on issuers of tax-exempt bonds regarding the use, expenditure and investment of bond proceeds and the payment of rebates to the U.S. Failure by the issuer to comply subsequent to the issuance of tax-exempt bonds with certain of these requirements could cause interest on the bonds to become includable in gross income retroactive to the date of issuance.

Housing Authority Tax Risk. The exclusion from gross income for Federal income tax purposes for certain housing authority bonds depends on qualification under relevant provisions of the Code and on other provisions of Federal law. These provisions of Federal law contain requirements relating to the cost and location of the residences financed with the proceeds of the single-family mortgage bonds and the income levels of tenants of the rental projects financed with the proceeds of the multi-family housing bonds. Typically, the issuers of the bonds, and other parties, including the originators and servicers of the single-family mortgages and the owners of the rental projects financed with the multi-family housing bonds, covenant to meet these requirements. However, there is no assurance that the requirements will be met. If such requirements are not met:

 

   

the interest on the bonds may become taxable, possibly retroactively from the date of issuance;

 

   

the value of the bonds may be reduced;

 

   

you and other Shareholders may be subject to unanticipated tax liabilities;

 

   

a Fund may be required to sell the bonds at the reduced value;

 

   

it may be an event of default under the applicable mortgage;

 

   

the holder may be permitted to accelerate payment of the bond; and

 

   

the issuer may be required to redeem the bond.

In addition, if the mortgage securing the bonds is insured by the Federal Housing Administration (“FHA”), the consent of the FHA may be required before insurance proceeds would become payable.

Information Risk. Information about the financial condition of issuers of Municipal Securities may be less available than that of corporations having a class of securities registered under the SEC.

 

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State and Federal Laws. An issuer’s obligations under its Municipal Securities are subject to the provisions of bankruptcy, insolvency, and other laws affecting the rights and remedies of creditors. These laws may extend the time for payment of principal or interest, or restrict the Fund’s ability to collect payments due on Municipal Securities. In addition, recent amendments to some statutes governing security interests (e.g., Revised Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”)) change the way in which security interests and liens securing Municipal Securities are perfected. These amendments may have an adverse impact on existing Municipal Securities (particularly issues of Municipal Securities that do not have a corporate trustee who is responsible for filing UCC financing statements to continue the security interest or lien).

Litigation and Current Developments. Litigation or other conditions may materially and adversely affect the power or ability of an issuer to meet its obligations for the payment of interest on and principal of its Municipal Securities. Such litigation or conditions may from time to time have the effect of introducing uncertainties in the market for tax-exempt obligations, or may materially affect the credit risk with respect to particular bonds or notes. Adverse economic, business, legal or political developments might affect all or a substantial portion of a Fund’s Municipal Securities in the same manner.

New Legislation. From time to time, proposals have been introduced before Congress for the purpose of restricting or eliminating the federal income tax exemption for interest on tax exempt bonds, and similar proposals may be introduced in the future. The Supreme Court has held that Congress has the constitutional authority to enact such legislation. It is not possible to determine what effect the adoption of such proposals could have on (i) the availability of Municipal Securities for investment by the Funds, and (ii) the value of the investment portfolios of the Funds.

Limitations on the Use of Municipal Securities. Certain Funds may invest in Municipal Securities if the Adviser determines that such Municipal Securities offer attractive yields. The Funds may invest in Municipal Securities either by purchasing them directly or by purchasing certificates of accrual or similar instruments evidencing direct ownership of interest payments or principal payments, or both, on Municipal Securities, provided that, in the opinion of counsel to the initial seller of each such certificate or instrument, any discount accruing on such certificate or instrument that is purchased at a yield not greater than the coupon rate of interest on the related Municipal Securities will to the same extent as interest on such Municipal Securities be exempt from federal income tax and state income tax (where applicable) and not be treated as a preference item for individuals for purposes of the federal alternative minimum tax. The Funds may also invest in Municipal Securities by purchasing from banks participation interests in all or part of specific holdings of Municipal Securities. Such participation interests may be backed in whole or in part by an irrevocable letter of credit or guarantee of the selling bank. The selling bank may receive a fee from a Fund in connection with the arrangement.

Each Fund will limit its investment in municipal leases to no more than 5% of its total assets.

Options and Futures Transactions

A Fund may purchase and sell (a) exchange traded and OTC put and call options on securities, on indexes of securities and other types of instruments, and on futures contracts on securities and indexes of securities and other instruments such as interest rate futures and global interest rate futures and (b) futures contracts on securities and other types of instruments and on indexes of securities and other types of instruments. Each of these instruments is a derivative instrument as its value derives from the underlying asset or index.

Subject to its investment objective and policies, a Fund may use futures contracts and options for hedging and risk management purposes and to seek to enhance portfolio performance.

Options and futures contracts may be used to manage a Fund’s exposure to changing interest rates and/or security prices. Some options and futures strategies, including selling futures contracts and buying puts, tend to hedge a Fund’s investments against price fluctuations. Other strategies, including buying futures contracts and buying calls, tend to increase market exposure. Options and futures contracts may be combined with each other or with forward contracts in order to adjust the risk and return characteristics of a Fund’s overall strategy in a manner deemed appropriate by the Fund’s Adviser and consistent with the Fund’s objective and policies. Because combined options positions involve multiple trades, they result in higher transaction costs and may be more difficult to open and close out.

The use of options and futures is a highly specialized activity which involves investment strategies and risks different from those associated with ordinary portfolio securities transactions, and there can be no guarantee that their use will increase a Fund’s return. While the use of these instruments by a Fund may reduce certain risks associated with owning its portfolio securities, these techniques themselves entail certain other risks. If a Fund’s Adviser applies

 

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a strategy at an inappropriate time or judges market conditions or trends incorrectly, options and futures strategies may lower a Fund’s return. Certain strategies limit a Fund’s possibilities to realize gains, as well as its exposure to losses. A Fund could also experience losses if the prices of its options and futures positions were poorly correlated with its other investments, or if it could not close out its positions because of an illiquid secondary market. In addition, the Fund will incur transaction costs, including trading commissions and option premiums, in connection with its futures and options transactions, and these transactions could significantly increase the Fund’s turnover rate.

Certain Funds have filed a notice under the Commodity Exchange Act under Regulation 4.5 and are operated by a person that has claimed an exclusion from the definition of the term “commodity pool operator” under the Commodity Exchange Act and, therefore, is not subject to registration or regulation as a pool operator under the Commodity Exchange Act. Certain other Funds may rely on no action relief issued by the CFTC.

Purchasing Put and Call Options. By purchasing a put option, a Fund obtains the right (but not the obligation) to sell the instrument underlying the option at a fixed strike price. In return for this right, a Fund pays the current market price for the option (known as the option premium). Options have various types of underlying instruments, including specific securities, indexes of securities, indexes of securities prices, and futures contracts. A Fund may terminate its position in a put option it has purchased by allowing it to expire or by exercising the option. A Fund may also close out a put option position by entering into an offsetting transaction, if a liquid market exists. If the option is allowed to expire, a Fund will lose the entire premium it paid. If a Fund exercises a put option on a security, it will sell the instrument underlying the option at the strike price. If a Fund exercises an option on an index, settlement is in cash and does not involve the actual purchase or sale of securities. If an option is American style, it may be exercised on any day up to its expiration date. A European style option may be exercised only on its expiration date.

The buyer of a typical put option can expect to realize a gain if the value of the underlying instrument falls substantially. However, if the price of the instrument underlying the option does not fall enough to offset the cost of purchasing the option, a put buyer can expect to suffer a loss (limited to the amount of the premium paid, plus related transaction costs).

The features of call options are essentially the same as those of put options, except that the purchaser of a call option obtains the right to purchase, rather than sell, the instrument underlying the option at the option’s strike price. A call buyer typically attempts to participate in potential price increases of the instrument underlying the option with risk limited to the cost of the option if security prices fall. At the same time, the buyer can expect to suffer a loss if security prices do not rise sufficiently to offset the cost of the option.

Selling (Writing) Put and Call Options on Securities. When a Fund writes a put option on a security, it takes the opposite side of the transaction from the option’s purchaser. In return for the receipt of the premium, a Fund assumes the obligation to pay the strike price for the security underlying the option if the other party to the option chooses to exercise it. A Fund may seek to terminate its position in a put option it writes before exercise by purchasing an offsetting option in the market at its current price. If the market is not liquid for a put option a Fund has written, however, it must continue to be prepared to pay the strike price while the option is outstanding, regardless of price changes, and must continue to post margin as discussed below. If the market value of the underlying securities does not move to a level that would make exercise of the option profitable to its holder, the option will generally expire unexercised, and the Fund will realize as profit the premium it received.

If the price of the underlying securities rises, a put writer would generally expect to profit, although its gain would be limited to the amount of the premium it received. If security prices remain the same over time, it is likely that the writer will also profit, because it should be able to close out the option at a lower price. If security prices fall, the put writer would expect to suffer a loss. This loss should be less than the loss from purchasing and holding the underlying security directly, however, because the premium received for writing the option should offset a portion of the decline.

Writing a call option obligates a Fund to sell or deliver the option’s underlying security in return for the strike price upon exercise of the option. The characteristics of writing call options are similar to those of writing put options, except that writing calls generally is a profitable strategy if prices remain the same or fall. Through receipt of the option premium a call writer offsets part of the effect of a price decline. At the same time, because a call writer must be prepared to deliver the underlying instrument in return for the strike price, even if its current value is greater, a call writer gives up some ability to participate in security price increases.

In order to meet its asset coverage requirements, when a Fund writes an exchange traded put or call option on a security, it will be required to deposit cash or securities or a letter of credit as margin and to make mark to market payments of variation margin as the position becomes unprofitable.

 

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Table of Contents

Certain Funds will usually sell covered call options or cash-secured put options on securities. A call option is covered if the writer either owns the underlying security (or comparable securities satisfying the cover requirements of the securities exchanges) or has the right to acquire such securities. A put option is cash-secured if the writer segregates cash, high-grade short-term debt obligations, or other permissible collateral equal to the exercise price. As the writer of a covered call option, the Fund foregoes, during the option’s life, the opportunity to profit from increases in the market value of the security covering the call option above the sum of the premium and the strike price of the call, but has retained the risk of loss should the price of the underlying security decline. As the Fund writes covered calls over more of its portfolio, its ability to benefit from capital appreciation becomes more limited. The writer of an option has no control over the time when it may be required to fulfill its obligation, but may terminate its position by entering into an offsetting option. Once an option writer has received an exercise notice, it cannot effect an offsetting transaction in order to terminate its obligation under the option and must deliver the underlying security at the exercise price.

When the Fund writes cash-secured put options, it bears the risk of loss if the value of the underlying stock declines below the exercise price minus the put premium. If the option is exercised, the Fund could incur a loss if it is required to purchase the stock underlying the put option at a price greater than the market price of the stock at the time of exercise plus the put premium the Fund received when it wrote the option. While the Fund’s potential gain in writing a cash-secured put option is limited to distributions earned on the liquid assets securing the put option plus the premium received from the purchaser of the put option, the Fund risks a loss equal to the entire exercise price of the option minus the put premium.

Engaging in Straddles and Spreads. In a straddle transaction, a Fund either buys a call and a put or sells a call and a put on the same security. In a spread, a Fund purchases and sells a call or a put. A Fund will sell a straddle when the Fund’s Adviser believes the price of a security will be stable. The Fund will receive a premium on the sale of the put and the call. A spread permits a Fund to make a hedged investment that the price of a security will increase or decline.

Options on Indexes. Certain Funds may purchase and sell options on securities indexes and other types of indexes. Options on indexes are similar to options on securities, except that the exercise of index options may be settled by cash payments (or in some instances by a futures contract) and does not involve the actual purchase or sale of securities or the instruments in the index. In addition, these options are designed to reflect price fluctuations in a group of securities or instruments or segment of the securities’ or instruments’ market rather than price fluctuations in a single security or instrument. A Fund, in purchasing or selling index options, is subject