485APOS 1 fp0045491_485apos.htm

 

Securities Act File No. 333-100654

Investment Company Act File No. 811-21237

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM N-1A REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

  THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 x
  Pre-Effective Amendment No. --
  Post-Effective Amendment No. 463 x
  and/or  
  REGISTRATION STATEMENT  
  UNDER  
  THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1940 x
  Amendment No. 464 x

 

 

 

Unified Series Trust

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified In Charter)

 

 

 

225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450

Cincinnati, OH 45246

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (513) 587-3400

 

 

 

Elisabeth Dahl

Secretary

225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450

Cincinnati, Ohio 45246

(Name and Address of Agent for Service)

 

 

Copies to:

Donald S. Mendelsohn, Esq.

Thompson Hine LLP

312 Walnut Street, 14th Floor

Cincinnati, OH 45202

(513) 352-6546

 

It is proposed that this filing will become effective:

 

[   ] immediately upon filing pursuant to paragraph (b)
[   ] on (date) pursuant to paragraph (b)
[   ] 60 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
[   ] on (date) pursuant to paragraph (a)(1)
[   ] 75 days after filing pursuant to paragraph (a)(2)
[X] on November 25, 2019 pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of rule 485
   
If appropriate check this box:
   
[   ] this post-effective amendment designates a new effective date for a previously filed post-effective amendment

 

 

 

 

The information in this Prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This Prospectus is not an offer to sell securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Preliminary Prospectus Dated September 6, 2019 

Subject to Completion

 

[LOGO]

 

ABSOLUTE CORE STRATEGY ETF (XXXX)

 

Primary Listing Exchange for the Fund: NYSE Arca, Inc.

 

Prospectus

 

[November X, 2019]

 

Absolute Investment Advisers LLC 

4 North Street, Suite 2 

Hingham, MA 02043

 

www.absoluteadvisers.com [phone number]

 

Beginning on January 1, 2021, as permitted by regulations adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, paper copies of the Fund’s shareholder reports may no longer be sent by mail, unless you specifically request paper copies of the reports from the Fund or from the financial intermediary that services your shareholder account. Instead, the reports may be made available on a website, and you will be notified by mail each time a report is posted and provided with a website link to access the report.

 

If you already elected to receive shareholder reports electronically, you will not be affected by this change and you need not take any action. You may be eligible to elect to receive shareholder reports and other communications from the financial intermediary that services your shareholder account electronically. If you would like to sign up for electronic delivery of shareholder communications, please contact your financial intermediary for instructions.

 

You may elect to receive all future reports in paper free of charge. You will need to contact your financial intermediary to continue receiving paper copies of shareholder reports. Your election to receive reports in paper will apply to all funds held with your financial intermediary.

 

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
SUMMARY SECTION 1
Investment Objective 1
Fees and Expenses of the Fund 1
Principal Investment Strategies 2
Principal Risks 2
Performance 4
Portfolio Management 4
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares 4
Tax Information 4
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries 4
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND’S PRINCIPAL STRATEGIES AND RELATED RISKS 5
Investment Objective 5
Principal Investment Strategies of the Fund 5
Principal Risks of Investing in the Fund 5
Changes in Investment Objective or Policies 8
Portfolio Holdings 8
HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE OF THE SUBADVISER’S PRIVATE ACCOUNTS 8
ACCOUNT INFORMATION 9
How to Buy and Sell Shares 9
Determination of Net Asset Value 10
Dividends, Distributions and Taxes 11
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT MANAGEMENT OF THE FUND 13
Adviser 13
Subadviser 13
Portfolio Managers 14
FOR MORE INFORMATION Back Cover

 

 

SUMMARY SECTION

 

Investment Objective

 

The Absolute Core Strategy ETF (the “Fund”) seeks positive absolute returns.

 

Fees and Expenses of the Fund  

 

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.    

 

Annual Fund Operating Expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)  
Management Fees 0.85%
Distribution (12b-1) Fees NONE
Other Expenses [0.42]%
Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses1 [0.00]%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses [1.27]%
Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement2 [(0.42)]%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses (After Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement) [0.85]%

 

1-AFFE are fees and expenses incurred by the Fund in connection with its investments in other investment companies.

 

2-The Fund’s adviser contractually has agreed to waive its management fee and/or reimburse expenses so that total annual Fund operating expenses, excluding portfolio transaction and other investment-related costs (including brokerage fees and commissions); taxes; borrowing costs (such as interest and dividend expenses on securities sold short); acquired fund fees and expenses; fees and expenses associated with investments in other collective investment vehicles or derivative instruments (including for example option and swap fees and expenses); any amounts payable pursuant to a distribution or service plan adopted in accordance with Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940; any administrative and/or shareholder servicing fees payable pursuant to a plan adopted by the Board of Trustees; expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization; extraordinary expenses (such as litigation expenses, indemnification of Trust officers and Trustees and contractual indemnification of Fund service providers); and other expenses that the Trustees agree have not been incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business, do not exceed 0.85% through July 31, 2022. This expense cap may not be terminated prior to this date except by the Board of Trustees. Each waiver/expense payment by the adviser is subject to recoupment by the adviser from the Fund in the three years following the date the particular waiver/expense payment occurred, but only if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the annual expense limitation in effect at the time of the waiver/expense payment and any expense limitation in effect at the time of the recoupment.

 

Expense Example:

 

This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other exchange-traded funds. Investors may pay brokerage commissions on their purchases and sales of exchange-traded fund shares, which are not reflected in the Example. The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year, the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same, and the expense reduction/reimbursement described above remains in place for the contractual period only. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:

1 

 

1 year 3 years
$[87] $[361]

 

Portfolio Turnover

 

The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual operating expenses or in the Example above, affect the Fund’s performance. The Fund’s portfolio turnover rate will be available after the Fund completes its first fiscal year.

 

Principal Investment Strategies

 

St. James Investment Company, LLC, the Fund’s investment sub-adviser (the “Subadviser”), seeks to achieve the Fund’s objective by investing primarily in equity securities of U.S. companies that the Adviser believes are priced at a substantial discount to the Subadviser’s estimate of fair value. The Fund may invest in companies of any market capitalization and in any economic sector. The Subadviser uses a five-stage process to identify, purchase, and sell companies that it believes are fundamentally attractive and will yield positive absolute returns over a period of approximately five years.

 

The first stage of the Subadviser’s process is Qualification. The Adviser begins with a universe of approximately 1700 companies and identifies candidates that the Subadviser believes are strong financially and have near-term operating challenges that depress its price, which the Subadviser believes is a combination that offers the potential for long-term value. The second stage is Quantitative Valuation, in which the Subadviser analyzes the initial set of candidates to estimate the fair value of the company. In the third stage, Fundamental Qualitative Research, the Subadviser conducts research to assess whether a company is likely to move toward the Subadviser’s estimate of fair value. In the fourth stage, Portfolio Construction, the Subadviser selects a relatively small number of companies, typically between 20 and 25, with, at the time of purchase, no more than 8% in any given position and no more than 20% in a particular industry. The Subadviser expects that the Fund will be overweight in certain market sectors. In the fifth stage, Sell Discipline, the Subadviser employs a process that triggers a sale when a company hits a sell target determined at the time of purchase, or when the Subadviser believes that there has been a significant change in the long-term prospects for the company.

 

The Fund is non-diversified, which means that it may invest a greater percentage of its assets in fewer issuers than a diversified fund.

 

The Fund may also invest all or substantially all of its assets in cash and cash equivalents, including money market funds and other short-term fixed income investments, in seeking to protect principal, or when, in the Subadviser’s opinion, there are not sufficient companies at valuations appropriate for investment. As an alternative to holding cash or cash equivalents, the Subadviser may invest the Fund’s assets in shares of other investment companies, including open-end and closed-end funds and exchange traded funds (“ETFs”) (collectively, “Underlying Funds”) in order for the Fund to be more fully invested.

 

Principal Risks

 

All investments involve risks, and the Fund cannot guarantee that it will achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by any government agency. As with any mutual fund investment, the Fund’s returns and share price will fluctuate, and you may lose money by investing in the Fund.

 

Market Risk. Market risk includes the possibility that the Fund’s investments will decline in value because of a downturn in the stock market, reducing the value of individual companies’ stocks regardless of the success or failure of an individual company’s operations.

 

Value Style Risk. Investing in “value” stocks presents the risk that the stocks may never reach what the Subadviser believes are their full market values, either because the market fails to recognize what the Subadviser considers to be the companies’ true business values or because the Subadviser misjudged those values. In addition, value stocks may fall out of favor with investors and underperform growth stocks during given periods.

2 

 

Active Management Risk. The Fund is actively-managed and is thus subject to management risk. The Subadviser will apply its investment techniques and strategies in making investment decisions for the Fund, but there is no guarantee that its techniques will produce the intended results.

 

Fluctuation of Net Asset Value Risk. The net asset value (“NAV”) of the Fund’s shares will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of the shares will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of and demand for the shares on the Exchange (as defined in the “Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares” section of this prospectus).

 

Authorized Participant Concentration Risk. Only an Authorized Participant (as defined in the “How to Buy and Sell Shares” section of this prospectus) may engage in creation or redemption transactions directly with the Fund. The Fund has a limited number of institutions that act as Authorized Participants. To the extent that these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund and no other Authorized Participant is able to step forward to create or redeem Creation Units (as defined in the “Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares” section of this prospectus), Fund shares may trade at a discount to NAV and possibly face trading halts and/or delisting.

 

Company Risk. The value of the Fund may decrease in response to the activities and financial prospects of an individual company in the Fund’s portfolio. The value of an individual company can be more volatile than the market as a whole.

 

Sector Concentration Risk. The Fund may focus its investments in securities of a particular sector. Economic, legislative or regulatory developments may occur that significantly affect the sector. This may cause the Fund’s net asset value to fluctuate more than that of a fund that does not focus in a particular sector.

 

Small and Medium Cap Company Risk. Securities of companies with small and medium market capitalizations are often more volatile and less liquid than investments in larger companies. Small and medium cap companies may face a greater risk of business failure, which could increase the volatility of the Fund’s portfolio.

 

Underlying Funds Risk. When the Fund invests in an Underlying Fund, the Fund indirectly will bear its proportionate share of any fees and expenses payable directly by the Underlying Fund. Therefore, the Fund will incur higher expenses, many of which may be duplicative. In addition, the Fund may be affected by losses of the Underlying Funds and the level of risk arising from the investment practices of the Underlying Funds (such as the use of leverage). ETFs and closed-end funds are subject to additional risks, such as the fact that their shares may trade at a market price above or below their net asset value or that an active market may not develop.

 

Money Market Fund Risks. When the Fund invests in an underlying fund, including a money market fund, the Fund indirectly will bear its proportionate share of any fees and expenses payable directly by the underlying fund. Therefore, the Fund will incur higher expenses, many of which may be duplicative. Although each underlying money market fund in which the Fund may invest seeks to maintain the value of the investments at $1.00 per share, there is no assurance that the underlying fund will be able to do so.

 

Equity Securities Risk. The net asset value of the Fund will fluctuate based on changes in the value of the U.S. equity securities held by the Fund. Equity prices can fall rapidly in response to developments affecting a specific company or industry, or to changing economic, political or market conditions.

 

Inflation Risk. At any time, the Fund may have significant investments in cash or cash equivalents. When a substantial portion of a portfolio is held in cash or cash equivalents, there is the risk that the value of the cash account, including interest, will not keep pace with inflation, thus reducing purchasing power over time.

3 

 

Non-Diversification Risk. Because the Fund is non-diversified, it will hold larger positions in a smaller number of securities than funds that are “diversified.” This means that an increase or decrease in the value of a single security held by the Fund likely will have a greater impact on the Fund’s net asset value and total return than a diversified fund.

 

Limited History of Operations Risk. The Fund is a new ETF and has a limited history of operations for investors to evaluate.

 

New Adviser Risk. Neither the Adviser nor the Subadviser has previously managed an ETF. As a result, investors do not have a long-term track record of managing an ETF from which to judge the Adviser or Subadviser and the Adviser or Subadviser may not achieve the intended result in managing the Fund. ETFs and their advisors are subject to restrictions and limitations imposed by the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the Internal Revenue Code, that do not apply to the adviser’s management of other types of individual and institutional accounts.

 

Cybersecurity Risks.  Despite the various protections utilized by the Fund and its service providers, systems, networks, or devices utilized by the Fund potentially can be breached.  The Fund and its shareholders could be negatively impacted as a result of a cybersecurity breach.

 

Performance

 

Performance information will be available after the Fund completes a full calendar year of operations.

 

Portfolio Management

 

Investment Adviser – Absolute Investment Advisers LLC

 

Investment Subadviser – St. James Investment Company, LLC

 

Portfolio Manager

 

-Robert Mark, Managing Member of the Subadviser, has been the portfolio manager of the Fund since its inception in [November 2019].

 

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

 

The Fund will issue and redeem shares at NAV only in large blocks of 25,000 shares (each block of shares is called a “Creation Unit”). Creation Units are issued and redeemed for cash and/or in-kind for securities. Individual shares may only be purchased and sold in secondary market transactions through brokers. Except when aggregated in Creation Units, the shares are not redeemable securities of the Fund.

 

Shares of the Fund are listed for trading on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the “Exchange”) and trade at market prices rather than NAV. Shares of the Fund may trade at a price that is greater than, at, or less than NAV.

 

Tax Information

 

The Fund’s distributions are taxable and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred account, such as a 401(k) plan, individual retirement account (IRA) or 529 college savings plan. Tax-deferred arrangements may be taxed later upon withdrawal of monies from those accounts.

 

Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

 

If you purchase Fund shares through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank or trust company), the Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create conflicts of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.

4 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE FUND’S PRINCIPAL STRATEGIES AND RELATED RISKS

 

Investment Objective

 

The Fund seeks positive absolute returns.

 

Principal Investment Strategies of the Fund

 

St. James Investment Company, LLC, the Fund’s investment sub-adviser (the “Subadviser”), seeks to achieve the Fund’s objective by investing primarily in equity securities of U.S. companies that the Adviser believes are priced at a substantial discount to the Subadviser’s estimate of fair value. The Fund may invest in companies of any market capitalization and in any economic sector. The Subadviser uses a five-stage process to identify, purchase, and sell companies that it believes are fundamentally attractive and will yield positive absolute returns over a period of approximately five years.

 

The first stage of the Subadviser’s process is Qualification. The Adviser begins with a universe of approximately 1700 companies and identifies candidates that the Subadviser believes are strong financially and have near-term operating challenges that depress its price, which the Subadviser believes is a combination that offers the potential for long-term value. The second stage is Quantitative Valuation, in which the Subadviser analyzes the initial set of candidates to estimate the fair value of the company. In the third stage, Fundamental Qualitative Research, the Subadviser conducts research to assess whether a company is likely to move toward the Subadviser’s estimate of fair value. In the fourth stage, Portfolio Construction, the Subadviser selects a relatively small number of companies, typically between 20 and 25, with, at the time of purchase, no more than 8% in any given position and no more than 20% in a particular industry. The Subadviser expects that the Fund will be overweight in certain market sectors. In the fifth stage, Sell Discipline, the Subadviser employs a process that triggers a sale when a company hits a sell target determined at the time of purchase, or when the Subadviser believes that there has been a significant change in the long-term prospects for the company.

 

The Fund is non-diversified, which means that it may invest a greater percentage of its assets in fewer issuers than a diversified fund.

 

The Fund may also invest all or substantially all of its assets in cash and cash equivalents, including money market funds and other short-term fixed income investments, in seeking to protect principal, or when, in the Subadviser’s opinion, there are not sufficient companies at valuations appropriate for investment. As an alternative to holding cash or cash equivalents, the Subadviser may invest the Fund’s assets in shares of other investment companies, including open-end and closed-end funds and exchange traded funds (“ETFs”) (collectively, “Underlying Funds”) in order for the Fund to be more fully invested.

 

Principal Risks of Investing in the Fund

 

All investments involve risks, and the Fund cannot guarantee that it will achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by any government agency. As with any mutual fund investment, the Fund’s returns and share price will fluctuate, and you may lose money by investing in the Fund.

 

Market Risk. The prices of securities held by the Fund may decline in response to certain events taking place around the world, including those directly involving the companies whose securities are owned by the Fund; conditions affecting the general economy; overall market changes; local, regional or global political, social or economic instability; and currency, interest rate and commodity price fluctuations. The securities purchased by the Fund may involve large price swings and potential for loss. Investors in the Fund should have a long- term perspective and be able to tolerate potentially sharp declines in value.

5 

 

Value Style Risk. Value stocks involve the risk that they may never reach what the Subadviser believes is their true value, either because the market does not similarly recognize what the Subadviser believes to be the stock’s true value or because the Subadviser’s assessment of the stock’s prospects is wrong. Value stocks may be trading at relatively low valuations as a result of experiencing adverse business developments or may be subject to special risks. While the Subadviser seeks to acquire stocks for the Fund’s portfolio that are undervalued by the market, the stocks held by the Fund may decrease in value. Different types of stocks tend to fall in and out of favor depending on market conditions, and the market may not favor value style investing.

 

Active Management Risk. The Subadviser’s skill in choosing appropriate investments will play a large part in determining whether the Fund is able to achieve its investment objective. If the Subadviser’s assessment of the prospects for individual securities is incorrect, it could result in significant losses to the Fund and the Fund may not achieve its investment objective.

 

Fluctuation of Net Asset Value Risk. The NAV of the Fund’s shares will generally fluctuate with changes in the market value of the Fund’s holdings. The market prices of the shares will generally fluctuate in accordance with changes in NAV as well as the relative supply of and demand for the shares on the Exchange. The Subadviser cannot predict whether the shares will trade below, at or above their NAV. Price differences may be due, in large part, to the fact that supply and demand forces at work in the secondary trading market for the shares will be closely related to, but not identical to, the same forces influencing the prices of the Fund’s holdings trading individually or in the aggregate at any point in time. In addition, unlike conventional ETFs, the Fund is not an index fund. The Fund is actively managed and does not seek to replicate the performance of a specified index. Index based ETFs have generally traded at prices which closely correspond to NAV per share. Actively managed ETFs have a limited trading history and, therefore, there can be no assurance as to whether and/or the extent to which the shares will trade at premiums or discounts to NAV.

 

Authorized Participant Concentration Risk. Only an Authorized Participant (as defined in the “How to Buy and Sell Shares” section of this prospectus) may engage in creation and redemption transactions directly with the Fund. The Fund has a limited number of institutions that act as Authorized Participants. To the extent that these institutions exit the business or are unable to proceed with creation and/or redemption orders with respect to the Fund and no other Authorized Participant is able to step forward to create or redeem Creation Units Fund shares may trade at a discount to NAV and possibly fact trading halts and/or delisting.

 

Company Risk. The value of the Fund may decrease in response to the activities and financial prospects of an individual company in the Fund’s portfolio. The value of an individual company can be more volatile than the market as a whole.

 

Sector Concentration Risk. The Fund may focus its investments in securities of a particular sector. Economic, legislative or regulatory developments may occur that significantly affect the sector. This may cause the Fund’s net asset value to fluctuate more than that of a fund that does not focus in a particular sector. [IF PARTICULAR SECTORS ARE ANTICIPATED, PLEASE SPECIFY.]

 

Small and Medium Cap Company Risk. Securities issued by small- and mid-cap companies involve greater risk of loss and price fluctuation than larger companies. Their securities may be less liquid and more volatile. Securities of small- and mid-cap companies may trade in the over-the-counter market or on a regional exchange, or may otherwise have limited liquidity. As a result, the Fund could have greater difficulty buying or selling a security of small- or mid-cap issuer at an acceptable price, especially in periods of market volatility.

 

Underlying Funds Risk. When the Fund invests in an Underlying Fund, the Fund indirectly will bear its proportionate share of any fees and expenses payable directly by the Underlying Fund. Therefore, the Fund will incur higher expenses, many of which may be duplicative. In addition, the Fund may be affected by losses of the Underlying Funds and the level of risk arising from the investment practices of the Underlying Funds (such as the use of leverage). ETFs and closed-end funds are subject to additional risks, such as the fact that their shares may trade at a market price above or below their net asset value or that an active market may not develop.

6 

 

Money Market Fund Risks. When the Fund invests in an underlying fund, including a money market fund, the Fund indirectly will bear its proportionate share of any fees and expenses payable directly by the underlying fund. Therefore, the Fund will incur higher expenses, many of which may be duplicative. Although each underlying money market fund in which the Fund may invest seeks to maintain the value of the investments at $1.00 per share, there is no assurance that the underlying fund will be able to do so.

 

Equity Securities Risk. Equity securities are susceptible to general stock market fluctuations and to volatile increases and decreases in value. The equity securities held by the Fund may experience sudden, unpredictable drops in value or long periods of decline in value. This may occur because of factors affecting securities markets generally, the equity securities of a particular sector, or a particular company.

 

Inflation Risk. At any time, the Fund may have significant investments in cash or cash equivalents. When a substantial portion of a portfolio is held in cash or cash equivalents, there is the risk that the value of the cash account, including interest, will not keep pace with inflation, thus reducing purchasing power over time.

 

Non-Diversification Risk. Because the Fund is non-diversified, it will hold larger positions in a smaller number of securities than funds that are “diversified.” This means that an increase or decrease in the value of a single security likely will have a greater impact on the Fund’s net asset value and total return than a diversified fund. In particular, the Fund typically seeks to hold between 15 and 25 companies and therefore may be more susceptible to adverse developments affecting any single company held in its portfolio, and may be more susceptible to greater losses because of these developments, than a diversified fund that holds a greater number of investments.

 

Limited History of Operations Risk. The Fund is an ETF and has a limited history of operations for investors to evaluate. Investors in the Fund bear the risk that the Fund may not be successful in implementing its investment strategies, may be unable to implement certain of its investment strategies or may fail to attract sufficient assets, any of which could result in the Fund being liquidated and terminated at any time without shareholder approval and at a time that may not be favorable for all shareholders. Such a liquidation could have negative tax consequences for shareholders and will cause shareholders to incur expenses of liquidation.

 

New Adviser Risk. Neither the Adviser nor the Subadviser has previously managed an ETF. As a result, investors do not have a long-term track record of managing an ETF from which to judge the Adviser or Subadviser and the Adviser or Subadviser may not achieve the intended result in managing the Fund. ETFs and their advisors are subject to restrictions and limitations imposed by the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the Internal Revenue Code, that do not apply to the adviser’s management of other types of individual and institutional accounts.

 

Cybersecurity Risks.  The computer systems, networks and devices used by the Fund and its service providers to carry out routine business operations employ a variety of protections designed to prevent damage or interruption from computer viruses, network failures, computer and telecommunication failures, infiltration by unauthorized persons and security breaches.  Despite the various protections utilized by the Fund and its service providers, systems, networks, or devices potentially can be breached.  The Fund and its shareholders could be negatively impacted as a result of a cybersecurity breach.  Cybersecurity breaches can include unauthorized access to systems, networks, or devices; infection from computer viruses or other malicious software code; and attacks that shut down, disable, slow, or otherwise disrupt operations, business processes, or website access or functionality.  Cybersecurity breaches may cause disruptions and impact the Fund’s business operations, potentially resulting in financial losses; interference with the Fund’s ability to calculate its net asset value; impediments to trading; the inability of the Fund, the Subadviser, and other service providers to transact business; violations of applicable privacy and other laws; regulatory fines; penalties, reputational damage, reimbursement or other compensation costs, or additional compliance costs; as well as the inadvertent release of confidential information.

7 

 

Changes in Investment Objective or Policies

 

The Fund’s Board of Trustees (the “Board”) may change the Fund’s investment objective without shareholder approval upon 60 days’ written notice to shareholders. The Fund’s other investment policies and strategies may be changed by the Board without shareholder approval unless otherwise provided in this prospectus or in the Statement of Additional Information.

 

Portfolio Holdings

 

A description of the policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio securities is available in the Fund’s Statement of Additional Information.

 

HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE OF THE SUBADVISER’S PRIVATE ACCOUNTS

 

The Fund’s Subadviser began managing accounts using its Core Equity strategy on June 1, 2019. The performance table below provides a summary of the performance of all accounts (the “Accounts”) managed by the Fund’s Subadviser, with substantially similar investment objectives, policies, strategies and risks to those of the Fund for periods ended September 30, 2019, and compares the Accounts’ performance during those periods against an appropriate broad-based securities market index, the S&P 500 Index. As of September 30, 2019, the Accounts held approximately $[XX] million in total assets. Robert Mark, Cofounder, Managing Member and Portfolio Manager of the Subadviser, who is primarily responsible for the day-to-day management of the Fund’s portfolio, has been primarily responsible for the day-to-day oversight of the Accounts throughout the entire period presented.

 

The performance of the Accounts does not represent the historical performance of the Fund and should not be considered a substitute for the Absolute Core Strategy ETF’s performance or indicative of past or future performance of the Fund. Results may differ because of, among other things, differences in brokerage commissions, account expenses (including management fees), the size of positions taken in relation to account size and diversification of securities, timing of purchases and sales, and availability of cash for new investments. In addition, the Accounts are not registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“1940 Act”) and therefore are not subject to certain investment limitations, diversification requirements, and other restrictions imposed by the 1940 Act and the Internal Revenue Code which, if applicable, may have adversely affected the performance results of the Accounts. The results for different periods may vary.

 

The average annual total return of the Accounts is a composite that represents an average of the total return information of all of the Accounts, calculated by asset weighting individual account returns, using beginning of month values. The Accounts’ returns for the periods presented below are calculated by geometrically linking the monthly returns. The returns are calculated on a total return basis and include all dividends and interest, accrued income, and realized and unrealized gains and losses. The returns are calculated differently than the standard methodology prescribed for mutual funds by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Results reflect the reinvestment of dividends and capital gains.

 

The Accounts’ returns reflect the deduction of the standard advisory fee applicable to the Subadviser’s accounts, and are net of actual expenses incurred by the Accounts, including trading commissions. The standard advisory fee for the Accounts has ranged from 1.25% through December 31, 2012, lowered to approximately 1.00% thereafter. However, the Accounts do not incur certain charges and expenses that are incurred by the Fund. If actual fees and expenses of the Fund were reflected in the performance of the Accounts, the performance of the Accounts may be lower than the performance shown.

8 

 

AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURNS 

(for periods ended September 30, 2019)

 

  YTD 1 Year 3 Year (1) 5 Year (1) 10 Year (1) 20 Year(1)

Since Inception 

(June 1, 2019)(1) 

Accounts % % % % % % %
S&P 500 Net Total Return Index(2) % % % % % % %

 

Past performance is not indicative of future results.

 

(1)Annualized.

 

(2)The S&P 500 Index is an unmanaged index generally representing the performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.

 

ACCOUNT INFORMATION

 

How to Buy and Sell Shares

 

Authorized participants (“APs”) may acquire shares directly from the Fund, and APs may tender their shares for redemption directly to the Fund, at NAV per share only in large blocks, or Creation Units, of 25,000 shares. Purchases and redemptions directly with the Fund must follow the Fund’s procedures, which are described in the SAI.

 

Shares of the Fund will be listed for trading on NYSE Arca, Inc. under the symbol [XXXX]. Share prices are reported in dollars and cents per share. Shares can be bought and sold on the secondary market throughout the trading day like other publicly traded shares, and shares typically trade in blocks of less than a Creation Unit. Shares may only be purchased and sold on the secondary market when the Exchange is open for trading. The Exchange is open for trading Monday through Friday and is closed on weekends and the following holidays, as observed: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

 

When buying or selling shares through a broker, you will incur customary brokerage commissions and charges, and you may pay some or all of the spread between the bid and the offered price in the secondary market on each leg of a round trip (purchase and sale) transaction.   

 

The Fund may liquidate and terminate at any time without shareholder approval.

 

Share Trading Prices

 

The approximate value of shares of the Fund, an amount representing on a per share basis the sum of the current market price of the securities accepted by the Fund in exchange for shares of the Fund and an estimated cash component will be disseminated every 15 seconds throughout the trading day through the facilities of the Consolidated Tape Association. This approximate value should not be viewed as a “real-time” update of the NAV per share of the Fund because the approximate value may not take into account certain Fund expenses and may not be calculated in the same manner as the NAV, which is computed once a day, generally at the end of the business day. The Fund is not involved in, or responsible for, the calculation or dissemination of the approximate value of the shares, and the Fund does not make any warranty as to the accuracy of these values.

9 

 

Book Entry

 

Shares are held in book entry form, which means that no stock certificates are issued. The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) or its nominee is the record owner of all outstanding shares of the Fund and is recognized as the owner of all shares for all purposes.

 

Investors owning shares are beneficial owners as shown on the records of DTC or its participants. DTC serves as the securities depository for all shares. Participants in DTC include securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and other institutions that directly or indirectly maintain a custodial relationship with DTC. As a beneficial owner of shares, you are not entitled to receive physical delivery of stock certificates or to have shares registered in your name, and you are not considered a registered owner of shares. Therefore, to exercise any right as an owner of shares, you must rely upon the procedures of DTC and its participants. These procedures are the same as those that apply to any other securities that you hold in book entry or “street name” form.

 

Frequent Purchases And Redemptions Of Fund Shares

 

The Fund’s shares can only be purchased and redeemed directly from the Fund in Creation Units by APs, and the vast majority of trading in the Fund’s shares occurs on the secondary market. Because the secondary market trades do not directly involve the Fund, it is unlikely those trades would cause the harmful effects of market timing, including dilution, disruption of portfolio management, increases in the Fund’s trading costs and the realization of capital gains. With regard to the purchase or redemption of Creation Units directly with the Fund, to the extent effected in-kind (i.e., for securities), those trades do not cause the harmful effects that may result from frequent cash trades. To the extent trades are effected in whole or in part in cash, those trades could result in dilution to the Fund and increased transaction costs, which could negatively impact the Fund’s ability to achieve its investment objective. However, direct trading by APs is critical to ensuring that the Fund’s shares trade at or close to NAV. The Fund also employ fair valuation pricing to minimize potential dilution from market timing. In addition, the Fund impose transaction fees on purchases and redemptions of Fund shares to cover the custodial and other costs incurred by the Fund in effecting trades. These fees increase if an investor substitutes cash in part or in whole for securities, reflecting the fact that a Fund’s trading costs increase in those circumstances. Given this structure, the Trust has determined that it is not necessary to adopt policies and procedures to detect and deter market timing of the Fund’s shares.

 

Determination of Net Asset Value

 

The NAV is calculated at the close of trading (normally 4:00 p.m. Eastern time) on each day the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) is open for business. The NYSE is closed on Saturdays, Sundays and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas. The NAV is calculated by dividing the value of its total assets (including interest and dividends accrued but not received) minus liabilities (including accrued expenses) by the total number of shares outstanding. Requests to purchase and sell shares are processed at the applicable NAV next calculated after the Fund receives your order in proper form.

 

The Fund’s assets generally are valued at their market value. Securities that are traded on any exchange or on the NASDAQ over-the-counter market are valued at the closing price reported by the exchange on which the securities are traded. If market quotations are not available or do not reflect a fair value, or if an event occurs after the close of the trading market but before the calculation of the NAV that materially affects the value, then the assets may be valued by the Subadviser at a fair value as determined in good faith by the Subadviser pursuant to guidelines established by the Board. When pricing securities using the fair value guidelines established by the Board, the Subadviser seeks to assign a value that represents the amount that the Fund might reasonably expect to receive upon a current sale of the securities.

 

Without fair value pricing, short-term traders could take advantage of the arbitrage opportunity and dilute the NAV of long-term investors. Fair valuation of the Fund’s portfolio securities can serve to reduce arbitrage opportunities available to short-term traders. However, there is no assurance that fair value pricing policies will prevent dilution of the Fund’s NAV by short-term traders, or that the Fund will realize fair valuation upon the sale of a security. The Fund may invest in portfolio securities that are listed on foreign exchanges that trade on weekends or other days when the Fund does not price its shares and, as a result, the NAV of the Fund’s shares may change on days when shareholders will not be able to purchase or redeem the Fund’s shares.

10 

 

Given the subjectivity inherent in fair valuation and the fact that events could occur after NAV calculation, the actual market prices for a security may differ from the fair value of that security as determined by the Subadviser at the time of NAV calculation. Thus, discrepancies between fair values and actual market prices may occur on a regular and recurring basis. These discrepancies do not necessarily indicate that the Subadviser’s fair value methodology is inappropriate. The Fund’s Subadviser will adjust the fair values assigned to securities in the Fund’s portfolio, to the extent necessary, as soon as market prices become available.

 

Premium/Discount Information

 

Most investors will buy and sell shares of the Fund in secondary market transactions through brokers at market prices and the Fund’s shares will trade at market prices. The market price of shares of the Fund may be greater than, equal to, or less than NAV. Market forces of supply and demand, economic conditions and other factors may affect the trading prices of shares of the Fund.

 

Information regarding how often the shares of the Fund traded at a price above (at a premium to) or below (at a discount to) the NAV of the Fund during the past four calendar quarters, when available, can be found at www.absoluteadvisers.com.

 

Dividends, Distributions and Taxes

 

Unlike interests in conventional mutual funds, which typically are bought and sold from and to the fund only at closing NAVs, the Fund’s shares are traded throughout the day in the secondary market on a national securities exchange on an intra-day basis and are created and redeemed in-kind and/or for cash in Creation Units at each day’s next calculated NAV. In-kind arrangements are designed to protect ongoing shareholders from the adverse effects on a Fund’s portfolio that could arise from frequent cash redemption transactions. In a conventional mutual fund, redemptions can have an adverse tax impact on taxable shareholders if the mutual fund needs to sell portfolio securities to obtain cash to meet net fund redemptions. These sales may generate taxable gains for the ongoing shareholders of the mutual fund, whereas the shares’ in-kind redemption mechanism generally will not lead to a tax event for the Fund or its ongoing shareholders.

 

Ordinarily, dividends from net investment income, if any, are declared and paid monthly by the Fund. The Fund distributes its net realized capital gains, if any, to shareholders annually.

 

Distributions in cash may be reinvested automatically in additional whole shares only if the broker through whom you purchased Shares makes such option available.

 

Taxes

 

As with any investment, you should consider how your investment in shares will be taxed. The tax information in this prospectus is provided as general information. You should consult your own tax professional about the tax consequences of an investment in shares.

 

Unless your investment in shares is made through a tax-exempt entity or tax-deferred retirement account, such as an individual retirement account, you need to be aware of the possible tax consequences when:

 

the Fund makes distributions,

11 

 

you sell your shares listed on the Exchange, and

you purchase or redeem Creation Units.

 

Taxes on Distributions

 

As stated above, dividends from net investment income, if any, ordinarily are declared and paid monthly by the Fund. The Fund may also pay a special distribution at the end of a calendar year to comply with federal tax requirements. Distributions from each Fund’s net investment income, including net short-term capital gains, if any, are taxable to you as ordinary income, except that each Fund’s dividends attributable to its “qualified dividend income” (i.e., dividends received on stock of most domestic and certain foreign corporations with respect to which the Fund satisfies certain holding period and other restrictions), if any, generally are subject to federal income tax for non-corporate shareholders who satisfy those restrictions with respect to their Fund shares at the rate for net capital gain -- a maximum of 15% for taxable years beginning before 2013. A part of each Fund’s dividends also may be eligible for the dividends-received deduction allowed to corporations -- the eligible portion may not exceed the aggregate dividends each Fund receives from domestic corporations subject to federal income tax (excluding REITs) and excludes dividends from foreign corporations -- subject to similar restrictions. However, dividends a corporate shareholder deducts pursuant to that deduction are subject indirectly to the federal alternative minimum tax.

 

In general, your distributions are subject to federal income tax when they are paid, whether you take them in cash or reinvest them in the Fund (if that option is available). Distributions reinvested in additional shares of the Fund through the means of a dividend reinvestment service, if available, will be taxable to shareholders acquiring the additional shares to the same extent as if such distributions had been received in cash. Distributions of net long-term capital gains, if any, in excess of net short-term capital losses are taxable as long-term capital gains, regardless of how long you have held the shares.

 

Distributions in excess of the Fund’s current and accumulated earnings and profits are treated as a tax-free return of capital to the extent of your basis in the shares and as capital gain thereafter. A distribution will reduce a Fund’s NAV per share and may be taxable to you as ordinary income or capital gain (as described above) even though, from an investment standpoint, the distribution may constitute a return of capital.

 

By law, the Fund is required to withhold 28% of your distributions and redemption proceeds if you have not provided the Fund with a correct social security number or other taxpayer identification number and in certain other situations.

 

Taxes on Exchange-Listed Share Sales

 

Any capital gain or loss realized upon a sale of shares is generally treated as long-term capital gain or loss if the shares have been held for more than one year and as short-term capital gain or loss if the shares have been held for one year or less. The ability to deduct capital losses from sales of shares may be limited.

 

Taxes on Purchase and Redemption of Creation Units

 

An AP who exchanges securities for Creation Units generally will recognize a gain or a loss equal to the difference between the market value of the Creation Units at the time of the exchange and the sum of the exchanger’s aggregate basis in the securities surrendered plus any Cash Component it pays. An AP who exchanges Creation Units for securities will generally recognize a gain or loss equal to the difference between the exchanger’s basis in the Creation Units and the sum of the aggregate market value of the securities received plus any cash equal to the difference between the NAV of the shares being redeemed and the value of the securities. The Internal Revenue Service (“Service”), however, may assert that a loss realized upon an exchange of securities for Creation Units cannot be deducted currently under the rules governing “wash sales” or for other reasons. Persons exchanging securities should consult their own tax advisor with respect to whether wash sale rules apply and when a loss might be deductible.

12 

 

Any capital gain or loss realized upon redemption of Creation Units is generally treated as long-term capital gain or loss if the shares have been held for more than one year and as short-term capital gain or loss if the shares have been held for one year or less.

 

If you purchase or redeem Creation Units, you will be sent a confirmation statement showing how many shares you purchased or sold and at what price. See “Tax Status” in the SAI for a description of the newly effective requirement regarding basis determination methods applicable to Share redemptions and each Fund’s obligation to report basis information to the Service.

 

The foregoing discussion summarizes some of the possible consequences under current federal tax law of an investment in the Fund. It is not a substitute for personal tax advice. Consult your personal tax advisor about the potential tax consequences of an investment in the shares under all applicable tax laws. See “Tax Status” in the SAI for more information.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT MANAGEMENT OF THE FUND

 

Adviser

 

Absolute Investment Advisers LLC (the “Adviser”), located at 4 North Street, Suite 2, Hingham, MA 02043, serves as the investment adviser to the Fund. The Adviser is a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and provides investment advisory services to the Fund. As of June 30, 2019, the Adviser had approximately $265 million of assets under management.

 

For its advisory services, the Adviser is paid a fee at the annual rate of 0.85% of the average daily net assets of the Fund. The Adviser has contractually agreed to waive its management fee and/or to reimburse certain operating expenses, but only to the extent necessary so that the Fund’s total annual operating expenses, excluding portfolio transaction and other investment-related costs (including brokerage fees and commissions); taxes; borrowing costs (such as interest and dividend expenses on securities sold short); acquired fund fees and expenses; fees and expenses associated with investments in other collective investment vehicles or derivative instruments (including for example option and swap fees and expenses); any amounts payable pursuant to a distribution or service plan adopted in accordance with Rule 12b-1 under the 1940 Act; any administrative and/or shareholder servicing fees payable pursuant to a plan adopted by the Board; expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization; extraordinary expenses (such as litigation expenses, indemnification of Trust officers and Trustees and contractual indemnification of Fund service providers); and other expenses that the Trustees agree have not been incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business, do not exceed 0.85% of the average daily net assets of the Fund. The contractual agreement is in place through July 31, 2022. Each waiver/expense payment by the Adviser is subject to recoupment by the Adviser from the Fund in the three years following the date the particular waiver/expense payment occurred, but only if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the annual expense limitation in effect at the time of the waiver/expense payment and any expense limitation in effect at the time of the recoupment.

 

A discussion of the factors that the Board considered in approving the management agreement for the Fund will be included in the Fund’s report to shareholders.

 

Subadviser

 

The Adviser has entered into a sub-advisory agreement with St. James Investment Company, LLC, located at 3838 Oak Lawn Avenue, Suite 1414, Dallas, TX 75219, pursuant to which the Subadviser manages the Fund’s portfolio and makes investment decisions. The Subadviser was formed in 1999 and manages assets for institutional clients, high-net worth individuals and mutual funds.

13 

 

For its sub-advisory investment services to the Fund, the Subadviser receives a fee from the Adviser, at the annual rate of 0.30% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

 

The Adviser oversees the Subadviser’s compliance with the Fund’s investment objective, policies, strategies and restrictions, and monitors the Subadviser’s adherence to its investment style. Notwithstanding the delegation to the Subadviser, the Adviser retains primary responsibility with respect to all matters relating to the Fund. The Adviser (not the Fund) pays the Subadviser out of the investment advisory fee that it receives from the Fund.

 

Portfolio Managers

 

The investment decisions for the Fund are made by Robert Mark, co-founder and Managing Member of the Subadviser. Mr. Mark serves as portfolio manager for the firm’s Core Equity strategy.  Mr. Mark formerly worked in the Private Client Group at Goldman Sachs in Houston after graduating from the University of Texas at Austin where he received his MBA in Finance.  He graduated in 1989 from the United States Military Academy at West Point with a BS in Engineering.

 

The Fund’s Statement of Additional Information provides additional information about the Fund’s Portfolio Manager, including his compensation, other accounts that they manage, and ownership of Fund shares.

14 

 

FOR MORE INFORMATION

 

You can find additional information about the Fund in the following documents:

 

Annual and Semi-Annual Reports: While the prospectus describes the Fund’s potential investments, the Annual and Semi-Annual Reports detail the Fund’s actual investments as of their report dates. The Fund’s Annual Report includes a discussion by Fund management of market conditions, economic trends, and investment strategies that significantly affected the Fund’s performance during the reporting period.

 

Statement of Additional Information (SAI): The SAI supplements the prospectus and contains additional information about the Fund and its investment restrictions, risks, policies and operations, including the Fund’s policies and procedures relating to the disclosure of portfolio holdings by the Fund’s affiliates. A current SAI for the Fund is on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is incorporated into this prospectus by reference, which means it is considered part of this prospectus.

 

How to Obtain Copies of Other Fund Documents

 

You can obtain free copies of the Fund’s current SAI and Annual and Semi-Annual Reports, and request other information about the Fund or make shareholder inquiries, in any of the following ways:

 

On the Internet: Download these documents from the Fund’s Internet site at www.absoluteadvisers.com.

 

By Telephone: Call the Adviser at [                      ].

 

By Mail: Send a written request to:

 

Absolute Core Strategy ETF 

Absolute Investment Advisers LLC 

4 North Street 

Hingham, MA 02043

 

Information about the Fund (including the SAI and other reports) is available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov, and copies of this information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov.

 

Investment Company Act #811-21237

 

 

 

 

The information in this Statement of Additional Information is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This Statement of Additional Information is not an offer to sell securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Preliminary Statement of Additional Information Dated September 6, 2019 

Subject to Completion

 

ABSOLUTE CORE STRATEGY ETF (XXXX)

A Series of Unified Series Trust

 

Listed and traded on: 

the NYSE Arca, Inc.

 

STATEMENT OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 

[November X, 2019]

 

This Statement of Additional Information (“SAI”) provides general information about the Absolute Core Strategy ETF (the “Fund”). This SAI is not a prospectus and should be read in conjunction with the Fund’s current prospectus dated [November X, 2019] (the “Prospectus”). To obtain a copy of the Prospectus, free of charge, please write to Absolute Investment Advisers LLC (the “Adviser”) at 4 North Street, Hingham, MA 02043 , call the Adviser at [             ], or visit the Fund’s website at www.absoluteadvisers.com.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  PAGE
DESCRIPTION OF THE TRUST AND FUND 1
HOW TO BUY AND SELL SHARES 2
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT FUND INVESTMENTS AND RISK CONSIDERATIONS 8
INVESTMENT LIMITATIONS 11
INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT 12
TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS 13
CONTROL PERSONS AND PRINCIPAL HOLDERS OF SECURITIES 20
PORTFOLIO TURNOVER 20
ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING COMPLIANCE PROGRAM 20
PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS AND BROKERAGE 20
DISCLOSURE OF PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS 21
PROXY VOTING POLICY 22
DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE 23
REDEMPTION IN-KIND 23
STATUS AND TAXATION OF THE FUND 24
CUSTODIAN AND TRANSFER AGENT 25
OTHER FUND SERVICES 25
INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM 26
DISTRIBUTOR 26
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 26
APPENDIX A 27

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF THE TRUST AND FUND

 

The Fund was organized as a non-diversified series of Unified Series Trust (the “Trust”) on August 20, 2019. The Trust is an open-end investment company established under the laws of Ohio by an Agreement and Declaration of Trust dated October 17, 2002 (the “Trust Agreement”). The Trust Agreement permits the Board of Trustees (the “Board”) to issue an unlimited number of shares of beneficial interest of separate series without par value. The Fund is one of a series of funds currently authorized by the Board. The investment adviser to the Fund is Absolute Investment Advisers LLC (the “Adviser”). The Adviser has retained St. James Investment Company, LLC (the “Subadviser”) to serve as subadviser to the Fund.

 

The Fund does not issue share certificates. All shares are held in non-certificate form registered on the books of the Fund and the Fund’s transfer agent for the account of the shareholder. Each share of a series represents an equal proportionate interest in the assets and liabilities belonging to that series with each other share of that series and is entitled to such dividends and distributions out of income belonging to the series as are declared by the Board. Each share has the same voting and other rights and preferences as any other shares of any series of the Trust with respect to matters that affect the Trust as a whole. The shares do not have cumulative voting rights or any preemptive or conversion rights, and the Board has the authority from time to time to divide or combine the shares of any series into a greater or lesser number of shares of that series so long as the proportionate beneficial interest in the assets belonging to that series and the rights of shares of any other series are in no way affected. The Fund currently offers only one class of shares but may offer additional classes of shares in the future. In case of any liquidation of a series, the holders of shares of the series being liquidated will be entitled to receive as a class a distribution out of the assets, net of the liabilities, belonging to that series. Expenses attributable to any series are borne by that series. Any general expenses of the Trust not readily identifiable as belonging to a particular series are allocated by or under the direction of the Board in such manner as the Board determines to be fair and equitable. No shareholder is liable to further calls or to assessment by the Trust without his or her express consent.

 

Any Trustee of the Trust may be removed by vote of the shareholders holding not less than two-thirds of the outstanding shares of the Trust. The Trust does not hold an annual meeting of shareholders. When matters are submitted to shareholders for a vote, each shareholder is entitled to one vote for each whole share he or she owns and fractional votes for fractional shares he or she owns. All shares of the Fund have equal voting rights and liquidation rights. The Trust Agreement can be amended by the Board, except that certain amendments that could adversely affect the rights of shareholders must be approved by the shareholders affected. All shares of the Fund are subject to involuntary redemption if the Board determines to liquidate the Fund. The Fund will provide notice to the shareholders if the Board determines, in its sole judgment, to liquidate the Fund, but the Fund will not be required to obtain shareholder approval prior to such liquidation. An involuntary redemption will create a capital gain or a capital loss, which may have tax consequences about which you should consult your tax adviser.

 

For information concerning the purchase and sale of shares of the Fund, see “How to Buy and Sell Shares” in the Fund’s Prospectus and in this SAI. For a description of the methods used to determine the share price and value of the Fund’s assets, see “Determination of Net Asset Value” in the Fund’s Prospectus and in this SAI.

 

The Fund may authorize one or more brokers or other financial intermediaries to receive on its behalf purchase and redemption orders. Such financial intermediaries would also be permitted to designate others to receive purchase and redemption orders on behalf of the Fund. The Fund will be deemed to have received a purchase or redemption order when an authorized financial intermediary or, if applicable, its authorized designee, receives the order. Customer orders will be priced at the Fund’s net asset value next computed after they are received by an authorized financial intermediary and accepted by the Fund.

 

The performance of the Fund may be compared in publications to the performance of various indices and investments for which reliable performance data is available. The performance of the Fund may be compared in publications to averages, performance rankings, or other information prepared by recognized mutual fund statistical services. The Fund’s annual report contains additional performance information and will be made available to investors upon request and without charge.

1 

 

HOW TO BUY AND SELL SHARES

 

Creation Units

 

The Fund will issue and redeem shares at net asset value ("NAV") only in aggregations of 25,000 Shares (each a "Creation Unit") and only to Authorized Participants. In order to be an Authorized Participant you must be either a broker-dealer or other participant (“Participating Party”) in the Continuous Settlement System (“Clearing Process”) of the National Securities Clearing Corporation (“NSCC”) or a participant in DTC with access to the DTC system (“DTC Participant”), and you must execute an agreement (“Participant Agreement”) with the distributor of the Creation Units (the “Distributor”) that governs transactions in the Fund’s Creation Units.

 

The Fund sells and redeems Creation Units on a continuous basis through the Distributor, without a sales load, at the NAV next determined after receipt of an order in proper form on any day on which the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) is open for business. The NYSE is closed on Saturdays, Sundays and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas.

 

The Fund will issue and redeem Creation Units principally in exchange for an in-kind deposit of a basket of designated securities (the "Deposit Securities"), together with the deposit of a specified cash payment (the "Cash Component"), plus a transaction fee.  The Fund is expected to be approved for listing, subject to notice of issuance, on NYSE Arca, Inc. (the "Exchange").  Shares will trade on the Exchange at market prices that may be below, at, or above NAV.  In the event of the liquidation of the Fund, a share split, reverse split or the like, the Trust may revise the number of shares in a Creation Unit.

 

The Fund reserves the right to offer creations and redemptions of shares for cash.  In addition, shares may be issued in advance of receipt of Deposit Securities subject to various conditions, including a requirement to maintain on deposit with the Trust cash equal to up to 115% of the market value of the missing Deposit Securities.  In each instance of such cash creations or redemptions, transaction fees, may be imposed and may be higher than the transaction fees associated with in-kind creations or redemptions.  

 

Exchange Listing and Trading

 

Shares of the Fund are available to the public on the NYSE Arca, Inc, (the “Exchange”) and trade at market prices rather than NAV. Shares of the Fund may trade at a price that is greater than, at, or less than NAV. In order to provide additional information regarding the indicative value of shares of the Fund, the Exchange or a market data vendor will disseminate every 15 seconds through the facilities of the Consolidated Tape Association or other widely disseminated means an updated "intraday indicative value" ("IIV") for the Fund as calculated by an information provider or market data vendor.  The Trust is not involved in or responsible for any aspect of the calculation or dissemination of the IIV and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the IIV. Under the Trust's Agreement and Declaration of Trust, each Trustee will continue in office until the termination of the Trust or his/her earlier death, incapacity, resignation or removal. Shareholders can remove a Trustee to the extent provided by the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the "1940 Act") and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. Vacancies may be filled by a majority of the remaining Trustees, except insofar as the 1940 Act may require the election by shareholders. As a result, normally no annual or regular meetings of shareholders will be held unless matters arise requiring a vote of shareholders under the Trust Agreement or the 1940 Act.

 

Transaction Fees

 

A fixed fee payable to the Custodian is imposed on each creation and redemption transaction regardless of the number of Creation Units involved in the transaction (“Fixed Fee”). Purchases and redemptions of Creation Units for cash or involving cash-in-lieu (as defined below) are required to pay an additional variable charge to compensate the Fund and its ongoing shareholders for brokerage and market impact expenses relating to Creation Unit transactions (“Variable Charge,” and together with the Fixed Fee, the “Transaction Fees”). With the approval of the Board, the Adviser may waive or adjust the Transaction Fees, including the Fixed Fee and/or Variable Charge (shown in the table below), from time to time. In such cases, the Authorized Participant will reimburse the Fund for, among other things, any difference between the market value at which the securities and/or financial instruments were purchased by the Fund and the cash-in-lieu amount, applicable registration fees, brokerage commissions and certain taxes. In addition, purchasers of Creation Units are responsible for the costs of transferring the Deposit Securities to the account of the Fund.

2 

 

Investors who use the services of a broker, or other such intermediary may be charged a fee for such services. The Transaction Fees for the Fund are listed in the table below.

 

Fee for In-Kind and Cash Purchases Maximum Additional Variable Charge for Cash Purchases*
[$200] [200 basis points (2.00)%]

 

*As a percentage of the amount invested.

 

The Clearing Process

 

Transactions by an Authorized Participant that is a Participating Party using the NSCC system are referred to as transactions “through the Clearing Process.” Transactions by an Authorized Participant that is a DTC Participant using the DTC system are referred to as transactions “outside the Clearing Process.” The Clearing Process is an enhanced clearing process that is available only for certain securities and only to DTC participants that are also participants in the Continuous Net Settlement System of the NSCC. In-kind (portions of) purchase orders not subject to the Clearing Process will go through a manual clearing process run by DTC. Portfolio Deposits that include government securities must be delivered through the Federal Reserve Bank wire transfer system (“Federal Reserve System”). Fund Deposits that include cash may be delivered through the Clearing Process or the Federal Reserve System. In-kind deposits of securities for orders outside the Clearing Process must be delivered through the Federal Reserve System (for government securities) or through DTC (for corporate securities).

 

Foreign Securities

 

Because certain of the underlying portfolio securities in which the Fund invests may trade on days that the Exchange is closed or are otherwise not Business Days for the Fund, shareholders may not be able to redeem their shares of the Fund, or to purchase or sell shares of the Fund on the Exchange, on days when the NAV of the Fund could be significantly affected by events in the relevant foreign markets.

 

Purchasing Creation Units

 

Portfolio Deposit

 

The consideration for a Creation Unit generally consists of the Deposit Securities and a Cash Component. Together, the Deposit Securities and the Cash Component constitute the “Portfolio Deposit.” The Cash Component serves the function of compensating for any differences between the net asset value per Creation Unit and the Deposit Securities. Thus, the Cash Component is equal to the difference between (x) the net asset value per Creation Unit of the Fund and (y) the market value of the Deposit Securities. If (x) is more than (y), the Authorized Participant will pay the Cash Component to the Fund. If (x) is less than (y), the Authorized Participant will receive the Cash Component from the Fund.

 

On each Business Day, prior to the opening of business on the Exchange (currently 9:30 a.m., Eastern Time), the Adviser through the Custodian makes available through NSCC the name and amount of each Deposit Security in the current Portfolio Deposit (based on information at the end of the previous Business Day) for the Fund and the (estimated) Cash Component, effective through and including the previous Business Day, per Creation Unit. The Deposit Securities announced are applicable to purchases of Creation Units until the next announcement of Deposit Securities.

 

Payment of any stamp duty or the like shall be the sole responsibility of the Authorized Participant purchasing a Creation Unit. The Authorized Participant must ensure that all Deposit Securities properly denote change in beneficial ownership.

 

Custom Orders and Cash-in-lieu

 

The Fund may, in its sole discretion, permit or require the substitution of an amount of cash (“cash-in-lieu”) to be added to the Cash Component to replace any Deposit Security. The Fund may permit or require cash-in-lieu when, for example, a Deposit Security may not be available in sufficient quantity for delivery or may not be eligible for transfer through the systems of DTC or the Clearing Process. Similarly, the Fund may permit or require cash in lieu of Deposit Securities when, for example, the Authorized Participant or its underlying investor is restricted under U.S. or local securities laws or policies from transacting in one or more Deposit Securities. The Fund will comply with the federal securities laws in accepting Deposit Securities including that the Deposit Securities are sold in transactions that would be exempt from registration under the Securities Act. All orders involving cash-in-lieu are considered to be “Custom Orders.”

3 

 

Purchase Orders

 

To order a Creation Unit, an Authorized Participant must submit an irrevocable purchase order to the Distributor.

 

Timing of Submission of Purchase Orders

 

An Authorized Participant must submit an irrevocable purchase order no later than the earlier of (i) 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time or (ii) the closing time of the bond markets and/or the trading session on the Exchange, on any Business Day in order to receive that Business Day’s NAV (“Cut-off Time”). The Cut-off Time for Custom Orders is generally two hours earlier. The Business Day the order is deemed received by the Distributor is referred to as the “Transmittal Date.” An order to create Creation Units is deemed received on a Business Day if (i) such order is received by the Distributor by the Cut-off Time on such day and (ii) all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement are properly followed. Persons placing or effectuating custom orders and/or orders involving cash should be mindful of time deadlines imposed by intermediaries, such as DTC and/or the Federal Reserve Bank wire system, which may impact the successful processing of such orders to ensure that cash and securities are transferred by the “Settlement Date,” which is generally the Business Day immediately following the Transmittal Date (“T+1”) for cash and the third Business Day following the Transmittal Date for securities (“T+3”).

 

Orders Using the Clearing Process

 

If available, (portions of) orders may be settled through the Clearing Process. In connection with such orders, the Distributor transmits, on behalf of the Authorized Participant, such trade instructions as are necessary to effect the creation order. Pursuant to such trade instructions, the Authorized Participant agrees to deliver the requisite Portfolio Deposit to the Fund, together with such additional information as may be required by the Distributor. Cash Components will be delivered using either the Clearing Process or the Federal Reserve System.

 

Orders Outside the Clearing Process

 

If the Clearing Process is not available for (portions of) an order, Portfolio Deposits will be made outside the Clearing Process. Orders outside the Clearing Process must state that the DTC Participant is not using the Clearing Process and that the creation of Creation Units will be effected through DTC. The Portfolio Deposit transfer must be ordered by the DTC Participant on the Transmittal Date in a timely fashion so as to ensure the delivery of Deposit Securities (whether standard or custom) through DTC to the Fund account by 11:00 a.m., Eastern time, on T+1. The Cash Component, along with any cash-in-lieu and Transaction Fee, must be transferred directly to the Custodian through the Federal Reserve System in a timely manner so as to be received by the Custodian no later than 12:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on T+1. If the Custodian does not receive both the Deposit Securities and the cash by the appointed time, the order may be canceled. A canceled order may be resubmitted the following Business Day but must conform to that Business Day’s Portfolio Deposit. Authorized Participants that submit a canceled order will be liable to the Fund for any losses incurred by the Fund in connection therewith.

 

Orders involving foreign Deposit Securities are expected to be settled outside the Clearing Process. Thus, upon receipt of an irrevocable purchase order, the Distributor will notify the Adviser and the Custodian of such order. The Custodian, who will have caused the appropriate local sub-custodian(s) of the Fund to maintain an account into which an Authorized Participant may deliver Deposit Securities (or cash -in-lieu), with adjustments determined by the Fund, will then provide information of the order to such local sub-custodian(s). The ordering Authorized Participant will then deliver the Deposit Securities (and any cash-in-lieu) to the Fund’s account at the applicable local sub-custodian. The Authorized Participant must also make available on or before the contractual settlement date, by means satisfactory to the Fund, immediately available or same day funds in U.S. dollars estimated by the Fund to be sufficient to pay the Cash Component and Transaction Fee. When a relevant local market is closed due to local market holidays, the local market settlement process will not commence until the end of the local holiday period. Settlement must occur by 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on the contractual settlement date.

4 

 

Acceptance of Purchase Order

 

All questions as to the number of shares of each security in the Deposit Securities and the validity, form, eligibility and acceptance for deposit of any securities to be delivered shall be determined by the Fund. A Fund’s determination shall be final and binding.

 

A Fund reserves the absolute right to reject or revoke acceptance of a purchase order transmitted to it by the Distributor if (a) the order is not in proper form; (b) the investor(s), upon obtaining the shares ordered, would own 80% or more of the currently outstanding shares of the Fund; (c) the Deposit Securities delivered do not conform to the Deposit Securities for the applicable date; (d) acceptance of the Deposit Securities would have certain adverse tax consequences to the Fund; (e) the acceptance of the Portfolio Deposit would, in the opinion of counsel, be unlawful; (f) the acceptance of the Portfolio Deposit would otherwise, in the discretion of the Trust, Fund or the Adviser, have an adverse effect on the Trust, Fund or the rights of beneficial owners; or (g) in the event that circumstances outside the control of the Trust, the Distributor and the Adviser make it for all practical purposes impossible to process purchase orders. Examples of such circumstances include acts of God; public service or utility problems resulting in telephone, telecopy or computer failures; fires, floods or extreme weather conditions; market conditions or activities causing trading halts; systems failures involving computer or other informational systems affecting the Trust, the Distributor, DTC, NSCC, the Adviser, the Fund’s Custodian, a sub-custodian or any other participant in the creation process; and similar extraordinary events. The Distributor shall notify an Authorized Participant of its rejection of the order. The Fund, the Custodian, any sub-custodian and the Distributor are under no duty, however, to give notification of any defects or irregularities in the delivery of Portfolio Deposits, and they shall not incur any liability for the failure to give any such notification.

 

Issuance of a Creation Unit

 

Once the Fund has accepted an order, upon next determination of the Fund’s NAV, the Fund will confirm the issuance of a Creation Unit, against receipt of payment, at such NAV. The Distributor will transmit a confirmation of acceptance to the Authorized Participant that placed the order.

 

Except as provided below, a Creation Unit will not be issued until the Fund obtains good title to the Deposit Securities and the Cash Component, along with any cash-in-lieu and Transaction Fee. Except as provided in Appendix C, the delivery of Creation Units will generally occur no later than T+3.

 

In certain cases, Authorized Participants will create and redeem Creation Units on the same trade date. In these instances, the Trust reserves the right to settle these transactions on a net basis.

 

A Fund may issue a Creation Unit prior to receiving good title to the Deposit Securities, under the following circumstances. Pursuant to the applicable Participant Agreement, the Fund may issue a Creation Unit notwithstanding that (certain) Deposit Securities have not been delivered, in reliance on an undertaking by the relevant Authorized Participant to deliver the missing Deposit Securities as soon as possible, which undertaking is secured by such Authorized Participant’s delivery to and maintenance with the Custodian of collateral having a value equal to at least 115% of the value of the missing Deposit Securities (“Collateral”), as adjusted by time to time by the Adviser. Such Collateral will have a value greater than the NAV of the Creation Unit on the date the order is placed. Such collateral must be delivered no later than 2:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on T+1. The only Collateral that is acceptable to the Fund is cash in U.S. Dollars.

 

While (certain) Deposit Securities remain undelivered, the Collateral shall at all times have a value equal to at least 115% (as adjusted by the Adviser) of the daily marked-to-market value of the missing Deposit Securities. At any time, the Fund may use the Collateral to purchase the missing securities, and the Authorized Participant will be liable to the Fund for any costs incurred thereby or losses resulting therefrom, whether or not they exceed the amount of the Collateral, including any Transaction Fee, any amount by which the purchase price of the missing Deposit Securities exceeds the market value of such securities on the Transmittal Date, brokerage and other transaction costs. The Trust will return any unused Collateral once all of the missing securities have been received by the Fund. More information regarding the Fund’s current procedures for collateralization is available from the Distributor.

5 

 

Cash Purchase Method

 

When cash purchases of Creation Units are available or specified for the Fund, they will be effected in essentially the same manner as in-kind purchases In the case of a cash purchase, the investor must pay the cash equivalent of the Portfolio Deposit. In addition, cash purchases will be subject to Transaction Fees, as described above.

 

Redeeming a Creation Unit

 

Redemption Basket

 

The consideration received in connection with the redemption of a Creation Unit generally consists of an in-kind basket of designated securities (“Redemption Securities”) and a Cash Component. Together, the Redemption Securities and the Cash Component constitute the “Redemption Basket.”

 

There can be no assurance that there will be sufficient liquidity in Shares in the secondary market to permit assembly of a Creation Unit. In addition, investors may incur brokerage and other costs in connection with assembling a Creation Unit.

 

The Cash Component serves the function of compensating for any differences between the net asset value per Creation Unit and the Redemption Securities. Thus, the Cash Component is equal to the difference between (x) the net asset value per Creation Unit of the Fund and (y) the market value of the Redemption Securities. If (x) is more than (y), the Authorized Participant will receive the Cash Component from the Fund. If (x) is less than (y), the Authorized Participant will pay the Cash Component to the Fund.

 

If the Redemption Securities on a Business Day are different from the Deposit Securities, prior to the opening of business on the Exchange (currently 9:30 a.m., Eastern Time), the Adviser through the Custodian makes available through NSCC the name and amount of each Redemption Security in the current Redemption Basket (based on information at the end of the previous Business Day) for the Fund and the (estimated) Cash Component, effective through and including the previous Business Day, per Creation Unit. If the Redemption Securities on a Business Day are different from the Deposit Securities, all redemption requests that day will be processed outside the Clearing Process.

 

The right of redemption may be suspended or the date of payment postponed: (i) for any period during which the NYSE is closed (other than customary weekend and holiday closings); (ii) for any period during which trading on the NYSE is suspended or restricted; (iii) for any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which disposal of the Shares or determination of the ETF’s NAV is not reasonably practicable; or (iv) in such other circumstances as permitted by the SEC, including as described below.

 

Custom Redemptions and Cash-in-lieu

 

A Fund may, in its sole discretion, permit or require the substitution of cash-in-lieu to be added to the Cash Component to replace any Redemption Security. A Fund may permit or require cash-in-lieu when, for example, a Redemption Security may not be available in sufficient quantity for delivery or may not be eligible for transfer through the systems of DTC or the Clearing Process. Similarly, the Fund may permit or require cash-in-lieu of Redemption Securities when, for example, the Authorized Participant or its underlying investor is restricted under U.S. or local securities law or policies from transacting in one or more Redemption Securities. A Fund will comply with the federal securities laws in satisfying redemptions with Redemption Securities, including that the Redemption Securities are sold in transactions that would be exempt from registration under the Securities Act. All redemption requests involving cash-in-lieu are considered to be “Custom Redemptions.”

 

Redemption Requests

 

To redeem a Creation Unit, an Authorized Participant must submit an irrevocable redemption request to the Distributor.

 

An Authorized Participant submitting a redemption request is deemed to represent to a Fund that it has ascertained or has reasonable grounds to believe that as of the time of the contractual settlement date, that (i) it or its customer, as the case may be, owns, will own or have the authority and right to tender for redemption the Creation Unit to be redeemed and can receive the entire proceeds of the redemption, and (ii) all of the Shares that are in the Creation Unit to be redeemed have not been loaned or pledged to another party nor are they the subject of a repurchase agreement, securities lending agreement or such other arrangement that would preclude the delivery of such Shares to the Fund on the contractual settlement date. The Fund reserves the absolute right, in its sole discretion, to verify these representations, but will typically require verification in connection with higher levels of redemption activity and/or short interest in the Fund. If the Authorized Participant, upon receipt of a verification request, does not provide sufficient verification of the requested representations, the redemption request will not be considered to be in proper form and may be rejected by the Fund.

6 

 

Timing of Submission of Redemption Requests

 

An Authorized Participant must submit an irrevocable redemption order no later than the Cut-off Time. The Cut-off Time for Custom Orders is generally two hours earlier. The Business Day the order is deemed received by the Distributor is referred to as the “Transmittal Date.” A redemption request is deemed received if (i) such order is received by the Distributor by the Cut-off Time on such day and (ii) all other procedures set forth in the Participant Agreement are properly followed. Persons placing or effectuating Custom Redemptions and/or orders involving cash should be mindful of time deadlines imposed by intermediaries, such as DTC and/or the Federal Reserve System, which may impact the successful processing of such orders to ensure that cash and securities are transferred by the Settlement Date, as defined above.

 

Requests Using the Clearing Process

 

If available, (portions of) redemption requests may be settled through the Clearing Process. In connection with such orders, the Distributor transmits on behalf of the Authorized Participant, such trade instructions as are necessary to effect the redemption. Pursuant to such trade instructions, the Authorized Participant agrees to deliver the requisite Creation Unit(s) to the Fund, together with such additional information as may be required by the Distributor. Cash Components will be delivered using either the Clearing Process or the Federal Reserve System, as described above.

 

Requests Outside the Clearing Process

 

If the Clearing Process is not available for (portions of) an order, Redemption Baskets will be delivered outside the Clearing Process. Orders outside the Clearing Process must state that the DTC Participant is not using the Clearing Process and that the redemption will be effected through DTC. The Authorized Participant must transfer or cause to be transferred the Creation Unit(s) of shares being redeemed through the book-entry system of DTC so as to be delivered through DTC to the Custodian by 10:00 a.m., Eastern Time, on received T+1. In addition, the Cash Component must be received by the Custodian by 12:00 p.m., Eastern Time, on T+1. If the Custodian does not receive the Creation Unit(s) and Cash Component by the appointed times on T+1, the redemption will be rejected, except in the circumstances described below. A rejected redemption request may be resubmitted the following Business Day.

 

Orders involving foreign Redemption Securities are expected to be settled outside the Clearing Process. Thus, upon receipt of an irrevocable redemption request, the Distributor will notify the Adviser and the Custodian. The Custodian will then provide information of the redemption to the Fund’s local sub-custodian(s). The redeeming Authorized Participant, or the investor on whose behalf is acting, will have established appropriate arrangements with a broker-dealer, bank or other custody provider in each jurisdiction in which the Redemption Securities are customarily traded and to which such Redemption Securities (and any cash-in-lieu) can be delivered from the Fund’s accounts at the applicable local sub-custodian(s).

 

Acceptance of Redemption Requests

 

All questions as to the number of shares of each security in the Deposit Securities and the validity, form, eligibility and acceptance for deposit of any securities to be delivered shall be determined by the Trust. The Trust’s determination shall be final and binding.

 

Delivery of Redemption Basket

 

Once the Fund has accepted a redemption request, upon next determination of the Fund’s NAV, the Fund will confirm the issuance of a Redemption Basket, against receipt of the Creation Unit(s) at such NAV, any cash-in-lieu and Transaction Fee. A Creation Unit tendered for redemption and the payment of the Cash Component, any cash-in-lieu and Transaction Fee will be effected through DTC. The Authorized Participant, or the investor on whose behalf it is acting, will be recorded on the book-entry system of DTC.

7 

 

The Redemption Basket will generally be delivered to the redeeming Authorized Participant within T+3. Except under the circumstances described below, however, a Redemption Basket generally will not be issued until the Creation Unit(s) are delivered to the Fund, along with the Cash Component, any cash-in-lieu and Transaction Fee.

 

In certain cases, Authorized Participants will create and redeem Creation Units on the same trade date. In these instances, the Trust reserves the right to settle these transactions on a net basis.

 

Cash Redemption Method

 

When cash redemptions of Creation Units are available or specified for the Fund, they will be effected in essentially the same manner as in-kind redemptions. In the case of a cash redemption, the investor will receive the cash equivalent of the Redemption Basket minus any Transaction Fees, as described above.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT FUND INVESTMENTS AND RISK CONSIDERATIONS

 

This section contains additional information regarding some of the investments the Fund may make and some of the techniques it may use.

 

A.      Common Stocks and Equivalents. The Fund will invest in common stock and common stock equivalents (such as rights and warrants, and convertible securities). Warrants are options to purchase equity securities at a specified price valid for a specific period. Rights are similar to warrants, but normally have a short duration and are distributed by the issuer to its shareholders. Warrants are instruments that entitle the holder to buy underlying equity securities at a specific price for a specific period of time. A warrant tends to be more volatile than its underlying securities and ceases to have value if it is not exercised prior to its expiration date. In addition, changes in the value of a warrant do not necessarily correspond to changes in the value of its underlying securities.

 

B.      Investment Company Securities. The Fund may invest in shares of other investment companies, such as other mutual funds (open- or closed-end), money market funds, unit investment trusts, and exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”). For example, the Fund may invest in ETFs whose investments are consistent with the Fund’s own investment strategy. In addition, the Fund also may invest in ETFs that do not meet such investment strategy, for defensive and other purposes. Additionally, the Fund may invest in new exchange-traded shares as they become available. The Fund may invest in ETFs whose portfolios consist primarily of commodities. As a shareholder of an investment company, the Fund will indirectly bear its pro rata portion of service and other fees of such other investment company, which are in addition to the fees the Fund pays its service providers. For example, shareholders may incur expenses associated with capital gains distributions by the Fund as well as the underlying funds in which the Fund invests. Shareholders also may incur increased transaction costs as a result of the Fund’s portfolio turnover rate and/or because of the high portfolio turnover rates in the underlying funds. The Fund is independent from any of the underlying funds in which it invests and it has no voice in or control over the investment strategies, policies or decisions of the underlying funds. The Fund’s only option is to redeem its investment in an underlying fund in the event of dissatisfaction with the fund.

 

To the extent that the Fund invests in ETFs that invest in commodities, it will be subject to additional risks associated with direct investments in commodities. Commodities are real assets such as oil, agriculture, livestock, industrial metals, and precious metals such as gold or silver. The values of ETFs that invest in commodities are highly dependent on the prices of the related commodities. The demand and supply of these commodities may fluctuate widely based on such factors as interest rates, investors’ expectation with respect to the rate of inflation, currency exchange rates, the production and cost levels of the producers and/or forward selling by such producers, global or regional political, economic or financial events, purchases and sales by central banks, and trading activities by hedge funds and other commodity funds. Commodity ETFs may use derivatives, such as futures, options and swaps, which expose them to further risks, including counterparty risk (i.e., the risk that the institution on the other side of the trade will default).

8 

 

To the extent that the Fund invests in ETFs that invest in foreign securities, it will be subject to additional risks associated with direct investments in foreign securities. Foreign investments can involve significant risks in addition to the risks inherent in U.S. investments. Securities of foreign companies may experience more rapid and extreme changes in value than securities of U.S. companies because a limited number of companies represent a small number of industries. Many foreign countries lack uniform accounting and disclosure standards comparable to those applicable to U.S. companies, and it may be more difficult to obtain reliable information regarding an issuer’s financial condition and operations. When the Fund invests in ADRs or other U.S. dollar-denominated foreign securities, it generally will not be subject to currency risk.

 

Investing abroad also involves different political and economic risks. Foreign investments may be affected by actions of foreign governments adverse to the interests of U.S. investors, including the possibility of expropriation or nationalization of assets, confiscatory taxation, restrictions on U.S. investment or on the ability to repatriate assets or convert currency into U.S. dollars, or other government intervention. There may be a greater possibility of default by foreign governments or foreign government-sponsored enterprises. Investments in foreign countries also involve a risk of local political, economic or social instability, military action or unrest, or adverse diplomatic developments. There is no assurance that the Adviser will be able to anticipate or counter these potential events and their impacts on the Fund’s share price.

 

C.       U.S. Government Securities. U.S. government securities may be backed by the credit of the government as a whole or only by the issuing agency. U.S. Treasury bonds, notes, and bills and some agency securities, such as those issued by the Federal Housing Administration and the Government National Mortgage Association (“GNMA”), are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government as to payment of principal and interest and are the highest quality government securities. Other securities issued by U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities, such as securities issued by the Federal Home Loan Banks and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, are supported only by the credit of the agency that issued them, and not by the U.S. government. Securities issued by the Federal Farm Credit System, the Federal Land Banks, and the Federal National Mortgage Association (“FNMA”) are supported by the agency’s right to borrow money from the U.S. Treasury under certain circumstances, but are not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.

 

The Fund may also invest in Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (“TIPS”). TIPS are a special type of treasury note or bond that was created in order to offer bond investors protection from inflation. The value of the TIPS is automatically adjusted to the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”). If the CPI goes up by half a percent the value of the bond would go up by half a percent. If the CPI falls, the value of the bond does not fall because the government guarantees that your original investment will stay the same. TIPS decline in value when real interest rates rise. In certain interest rate environments, such as when real interest rates are rising faster than nominal interest rates, TIPS may experience greater losses than other fixed income securities with similar duration.

 

D.       Cash Equivalents. The Fund may invest directly in cash and high-quality short-term fixed-income securities. All money market instruments can change in value when interest rates or an issuer’s creditworthiness change dramatically. Various short-term fixed-income securities that the Fund invests in for cash management purposes are described below:

 

1.        Bank Obligations. Bank obligations include bankers’ acceptances, negotiable certificates of deposit and non-negotiable time deposits, including U.S. dollar-denominated instruments issued or supported by the credit of U.S. or foreign banks or savings institutions. Although the Fund may invest in money market obligations of foreign banks or foreign branches of U.S. banks only where the Adviser determines the instrument to present minimal credit risks, such investments may nevertheless entail risks that are different from those of investments in domestic obligations of U.S. banks due to differences in political, regulatory and economic systems and conditions. All investments in bank obligations are limited to the obligations of financial institutions having more than $1 billion in total assets at the time of purchase, and investments by the Fund in the obligations of foreign banks and foreign branches of U.S. banks will not exceed 10% of the Fund’s total assets at the time of purchase. The Fund may also make interest-bearing savings deposits in commercial and savings banks in amounts not in excess of 10% of its net assets.

9 

 

2.        Commercial Paper. Investments by the Fund in commercial paper will consist of issues rated at the time of investment as A-1 and/or P-1 by S&P, Moody’s or similar rating by another nationally recognized rating agency. In addition, the Fund may acquire unrated commercial paper and corporate bonds that are determined by the Adviser at the time of purchase to be of comparable quality to rated instruments that may be acquired by the Fund as previously described.

 

3.        Investment Company Securities. (See “D” Above). The Fund may invest in other investment companies such as money market funds and short-term bond funds.

 

E.       Securities Lending. The Fund may, from time to time, lend securities to banks, brokers and dealers and receive as collateral cash, U.S. Government obligations or irrevocable bank letters of credit (or any combination thereof), which collateral will be required to be maintained at all times in an amount equal to at least 100% of the current value of the loaned securities plus accrued interest. The Fund’s securities lending practices will be limited to no more than 33% of its total assets.

 

To be acceptable as collateral, letters of credit must be issued by a bank that is deemed satisfactory by the Adviser, and must obligate the bank to pay amounts demanded by the Fund if the demand meets the terms of the letter. The Fund receives amounts equal to the dividends or interest on the loaned securities and also receives one or more of (a) negotiated loan fees, (b) interest on securities used as collateral, or (c) interest on short-term debt securities purchased with such collateral; either type of interest may be shared with the borrower. The Fund may also pay fees to placing brokers as well as custodial and administrative fees in connection with its securities loans. However, fees may only be paid to a placing broker if (a) the Adviser determines that such fees paid to the placing broker are reasonable and based solely upon services rendered, and (b) the Board separately considers the propriety of any fee shared by the placing broker with the borrower and determines that the fees paid to the placing broker are not used to compensate the Adviser or any of its affiliated persons.

 

Loans of securities involve risks of delay in receiving additional collateral or in recovering the securities lent or even loss of rights in the collateral in the event of the insolvency of the borrower of the securities. The terms of the Fund’s loans must meet applicable tests under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) and must permit the Fund to re-acquire loaned securities on five days’ notice or in time to vote on any important matter. The Fund will have the right to regain record ownership of loaned securities in order to exercise beneficial rights.

 

F.       Preferred Stock. Preferred stock represents an equity or ownership interest in an issuer. Preferred stock normally pays dividends at a specified rate and has precedence over common stock in the event the issuer is liquidated or declares bankruptcy. However, in the event an issuer is liquidated or declares bankruptcy, the claims of owners of bonds take precedence over the claims of those who own preferred and common stock. Preferred stock, unlike common stock, often has a stated dividend rate payable from the corporation’s earnings. Preferred stock dividends may be cumulative or non-cumulative, participating, or auction rate. “Cumulative” dividend provisions require all or a portion of prior unpaid dividends to be paid before dividends can be paid to the issuer’s common stock. “Participating” preferred stock may be entitled to a dividend exceeding the stated dividend in certain cases. “Auction Rate” preferred stock is a floating rate preferred stock with the dividend rate reset by Dutch auction, typically every seven, 28, 35 or 49 days. The dividend rate on auction rate preferred stock usually is subject to a maximum rate. If interest rates rise, the fixed dividend on preferred stocks may be less attractive, causing the price of such stocks to decline. Preferred stock may have mandatory sinking fund provisions, as well as provisions allowing the stock to be called or redeemed, which can limit the benefit of a decline in interest rates. Preferred stock is subject to many of the risks to which common stock and debt securities are subject.

 

G.       Defensive Positions. At times the Fund’s Adviser may determine that market, economic or political conditions make pursuing the Fund’s investment strategies inconsistent with the best interests of Fund shareholders. The Adviser then may cause the Fund to take temporary defensive positions that are designed mainly to limit losses. In implementing these strategies, the Fund may hold up to 100% of its assets in cash, short-term U.S. government securities, money market instruments, other investment companies (including money market funds), investment grade fixed-income securities, repurchase agreements, or other securities that the Adviser believes are consistent with the Fund’s defensive strategies.

10 

 

INVESTMENT LIMITATIONS

 

A.       Fundamental. The investment limitations described below have been adopted by the Trust with respect to the Fund and are fundamental, (i.e., they may not be changed without the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding shares of the Fund). As used in the Prospectus and this SAI, the term “majority of the outstanding shares” of the Fund means the lesser of (1) 67% or more of the outstanding shares of the Fund present at a meeting, if the holders of more than 50% of the outstanding shares of the Fund are present or represented at such meeting; or (2) more than 50% of the outstanding shares of the Fund.

 

1. Borrowing Money. The Fund will not borrow money, except (a) from a bank, provided that immediately after such borrowing there is an asset coverage of 300% for all borrowings of the Fund; or (b) from a bank or other persons for temporary purposes only, provided that such temporary borrowings are in an amount not exceeding 5% of the Fund’s total assets at the time when the borrowing is made. This limitation does not preclude the Fund from entering into reverse repurchase transactions, provided that the Fund has an asset coverage of 300% for all borrowings and repurchase commitments of the Fund pursuant to reverse repurchase transactions.

 

2. Senior Securities. The Fund will not issue senior securities. This limitation is not applicable to activities that may be deemed to involve the issuance or sale of a senior security by the Fund, provided that the Fund’s engagement in such activities is consistent with or permitted by the Investment Company Act of 1940, the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder or interpretations of the SEC or its staff.

 

3. Underwriting. The Fund will not act as underwriter of securities issued by other persons. This limitation is not applicable to the extent that, in connection with the disposition of portfolio securities (including restricted securities), the Fund may be deemed an underwriter under certain federal securities laws.

 

4. Real Estate. The Fund will not purchase or sell real estate. This limitation is not applicable to investments in marketable securities which are secured by or represent interests in real estate. This limitation does not preclude the Fund from investing in mortgage-related securities or investing in companies engaged in the real estate business or that have a significant portion of their assets in real estate (including REITs).

 

5. Commodities. The Fund will not purchase or sell commodities unless acquired as a result of ownership of securities or other investments. This limitation does not preclude the Fund from purchasing or selling options or futures contracts, including commodities futures contracts, from investing in securities or other instruments backed by commodities or from investing in companies which are engaged in a commodities business or have a significant portion of their assets in commodities.

 

6. Loans. The Fund will not make loans to other persons, except (a) by loaning portfolio securities, (b) by engaging in repurchase agreements, or (c) by purchasing non-publicly offered debt securities. For purposes of this limitation, the term “loans” shall not include the purchase of a portion of an issue of publicly distributed bonds, debentures or other securities.

 

7. Concentration. The Fund will not invest 25% or more of its total assets in a particular industry. This limitation is not applicable to investments in obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, its agencies and instrumentalities or repurchase agreements with respect thereto.

 

With respect to the percentages adopted by the Trust as maximum limitations on the Fund’s investment policies and limitations, an excess above the fixed percentage will not be a violation of the policy or limitation unless the excess results immediately and directly from the acquisition of any security or the action taken. This paragraph does not apply to the borrowing policy set forth in paragraph 1 above.

11 

 

Notwithstanding any of the foregoing limitations, any investment company, whether organized as a trust, association or corporation, or a personal holding company, may be merged or consolidated with or acquired by the Trust, provided that if such merger, consolidation or acquisition results in an investment in the securities of any issuer prohibited by the paragraphs above, the Trust shall, within ninety days after the consummation of such merger, consolidation or acquisition, dispose of all of the securities of such issuer so acquired or such portion thereof as shall bring the total investment therein within the limitations imposed by said paragraphs above as of the date of consummation.

 

B.       Non-Fundamental. The following limitations have been adopted by the Trust with respect to the Fund and are non-fundamental (i.e., they are other investment practices which may be changed by the Board without the approval of shareholders to the extent permitted by applicable law, regulation or regulatory policy).

 

1. Pledging. The Fund will not mortgage, pledge, hypothecate or in any manner transfer, as security for indebtedness, any assets of the Fund except as may be necessary in connection with borrowings described in Fundamental limitation (1) above. Margin deposits, security interests, liens and collateral arrangements with respect to transactions involving options, futures contracts, short sales and other permitted investments and techniques are not deemed to be a mortgage, pledge or hypothecation of assets for purposes of this limitation.

 

2. Borrowing. The Fund will not purchase any security while borrowings (including reverse repurchase agreements) representing more than 5% of its total assets are outstanding.

 

3. Margin Purchases. The Fund will not purchase securities or evidences of interest thereon on “margin.” This limitation is not applicable to short-term credit obtained by the Fund for the clearance of purchases and sales or redemption of securities, or to arrangements with respect to transactions involving options, futures contracts, short sales and other permitted investments and techniques.

 

INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT

 

The Adviser

 

Absolute Investment Advisers LLC, located at 4 North Street, Suite 2, Hingham, MA 02043, serves as the investment adviser to the Fund. The Adviser has overall supervisory management responsibility for the general management and investment of the Fund’s portfolio. Under the terms of the management agreement with the Trust, the Adviser is primarily responsible for managing the Fund’s investments and providing a continuous investment program for the Fund, subject to the supervision of the Board. The Adviser is principally owned by its employees.

 

For its advisory services, the Adviser is paid a fee at the annual rate of 0.85% of the average daily net assets of the Fund. The Adviser has contractually agreed to waive its management fee and/or to reimburse certain operating expenses, but only to the extent necessary so that the Fund’s total annual operating expenses, excluding portfolio transaction and other investment-related costs (including brokerage fees and commissions); taxes; borrowing costs (such as interest and dividend expenses on securities sold short); acquired fund fees and expenses; fees and expenses associated with investments in other collective investment vehicles or derivative instruments (including for example option and swap fees and expenses); any amounts payable pursuant to a distribution or service plan adopted in accordance with Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940; any administrative and/or shareholder servicing fees payable pursuant to a plan adopted by the Board; expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization; extraordinary expenses (such as litigation expenses, indemnification of Trust officers and Trustees and contractual indemnification of Fund service providers); and other expenses that the Trustees agree have not been incurred in the ordinary course of the Fund’s business, do not exceed 0.85% of the Fund’s average daily net assets. The contractual agreement is in effect through July 31, 2022. Each waiver/expense payment by the Adviser is subject to recoupment by the Adviser from the Fund in the three years following the date the particular waiver/expense payment occurred, but only if such recoupment can be achieved without exceeding the annual expense limitation in effect at the time of the waiver/expense payment and any expense limitation in effect at the time of the recoupment.

12 

 

The Subadviser

 

The Adviser, on behalf of the Fund, has entered into a sub-advisory agreement with the Subadviser, pursuant to which the Subadviser manages and makes investment decisions for the Fund. The Adviser oversees the Subadviser’s compliance with the Fund’s investment objective, policies, strategies and restrictions. The Adviser (not the Fund) pays the Subadviser out of the advisory fee that it receives from the Fund.

 

The Subadviser is located at 3838 Oak Lawn Avenue, Suite 1414, Dallas, TX 75219. The firm was formed in 1999 by Saumen Chattopadhyay, its managing member. The firm provides asset management services for institutional clients, high-net worth individuals and mutual funds. The Subadviser is employee owned. Mr. Mark has controlling interest in the Subadviser.

 

For its sub-advisory investment services to the Fund, the Subadviser receives a fee from the Adviser, at the annual rate of 0.30% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

 

General

 

A discussion of the factors that the Board considered in approving the Fund’s advisory agreement and sub-advisory agreement will be included in the Fund’s first report to shareholders.

 

About the Portfolio Manager

 

The Fund is managed by Mr. Robert Mark, co-founder and Managing Member of the Subadviser (the “Portfolio Manager”). The Portfolio Manager’s compensation will not be based on the investment performance of the Fund, but will be a function of the overall profitability of the Subadviser.

 

The Portfolio Manager may also carry on investment activities for his own account(s) and/or the accounts of immediate family members. Conflicts may arise as a result of the Portfolio Manager’s differing economic interests in respect of such activities.

 

As of October 31, 2019, the Portfolio Manager was also responsible for the management of the following types of other accounts in addition to the Fund:

 

Robert Mark
Type of Account Number of Other Accounts Managed

Total Assets in 

Other Accounts Managed 

(millions) 

Number of Accounts Managed with Performance-Based Advisory Fee

Total Assets with Performance-Based Advisory Fee 

(millions) 

Registered Investment Companies: [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Other Pooled Investment Vehicles: [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Other Accounts: [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

 

As of the date of this SAI, the Portfolio Manager owned no shares of the Fund.

 

TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS

 

GENERAL QUALIFICATIONS. The Board supervises the business activities of the Trust. Each Trustee serves as a trustee until termination of the Trust unless the Trustee dies, resigns, retires, or is removed. The Chairman of the Board and more than 75% of the Trustees are “Independent Trustees,” which means that they are not “interested persons” (as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940) of the Trust or any adviser, sub-adviser or distributor of the Trust.

 

The following table provides information regarding the Independent Trustees.

 

Name, Address*, (Year of Birth), Position 

with Trust**, Term of Position with Trust 

Principal Occupation During Past 5 Years and Other Directorships

Kenneth G.Y. Grant (1949) 

Chairman, January 2017 to present; 

Independent Trustee, May 2008 to present

 

Current: Executive Vice President (EVP), Benefit Plans Administrative Services, Inc., provider of retirement benefit plans administration (2019 – present). EVP, Advisors Charitable Gift Fund (2003 - present), a Donor Advised Fund. Chair, Investment Committees of Massachusetts Council of Churches (2011 – present) and Presbytery of Boston (2015 - present). Minister Member, Presbytery of Boston, Presbyterian Church (USA) (1975 – present).

 

Previous: Director, Northeast Retirement Services (NRS) LLC, a transfer agent and fund administrator; and Director, Global Trust Company (GTC), a non-depository trust company sponsoring private investment product (2003 – 2019). EVP, NRS (2003 – 2019); GTC, EVP (2008 – 2019); EVP, Savings Banks Retirement Association (2003 – 2019), provider of qualified retirement benefit plans. Director, Lift Up Africa (2008-2018). 

13 

 

Daniel J. Condon (1950) 

Independent Trustee, December 2002 to present 

Previous: Executive Advisor of Standard Steel LLC, a Railway manufacturing supply company, Jan. 2016-Dec. 2016; Chief Executive Officer of Standard Steel LLC, Aug. 2011- Dec. 2015;Director of Standard Steel Holdings Co., which owns Standard Steel LLC, Aug. 2011- Dec. 2016; President and CEO of International Crankshaft Inc., an automotive supply manufacturing company, 2004 to Aug. 2011; Director of International Crankshaft Inc., 2004 to Dec. 2016; Chairman of SMI Crankshaft, an automotive and truck supply company from July 2010 to Aug. 2011.

Gary E. Hippenstiel (1947) 

Chairman of the Pricing & Liquidity Committee; Independent Trustee, December 2002 to present

 

Current: President and founder of Hippenstiel Investment Counsel LLC, a registered investment adviser, since November 2008.

 

Previous: Chairman of investment committee for the Diana Davis Spencer Foundation from October 2011 to May 2014; Chairman and Founder, Constitution Education Foundation from February 2011 to December 2016. 

Nancy V. Kelly (1955) 

Chairman of the Audit Committee; Chairman of the Governance & Nominating Committee; Independent Trustee, August 2017 to present; Interested Trustee, November 2007 to August 2017 

Previous: Executive Vice President of Huntington National Bank, one of the Trust’s custodians (2001-2017).

Stephen A. Little (1946) 

Independent Trustee, December 2002 to present

 

Current: President and founder of The Rose, Inc., a registered investment adviser, since April 1993.

 

Previous: Chairman, Unified Series Trust, December 2004 to December 2016. 

Ronald C. Tritschler (1952) 

Independent Trustee, January 2007 to present; Interested Trustee, December 2002 to December 2006

 

Current: Chief Executive Officer, Director and Legal Counsel of The Webb Companies, a national real estate company, since 2001; Director of First State Bank of the Southeast, Inc., a full-service bank, since 1998; Director of Lexington Chamber of Commerce since January 2017.

 

Previous: Chairman of The Lexington Convention and Visitors’ Bureau 2011 to 2018. 

 

*The address for each Trustee is 225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450, Cincinnati, Ohio 45246.

**As of the date of this SAI, the Trust consists of, and each Trustee oversees, [17] series.

14 

 

The following table provides information regarding the Officers of the Trust.

 

Name, Address*, (Year of Birth), Position 

with Trust, Term of Position with Trust 

Principal Occupation During Past 5 Years and Other Directorships

David R. Carson (1958) 

President, January 2016 to present

 

Current: Vice President and Director of Client Strategies of Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since 2013; President, Ultimus Managers Trust (“UMT”) since October 2013.

 

Previous: Vice President, UMT (April 2013 to October 2013); Chief Compliance Officer, The Huntington Funds (2005 to 2013), Huntington Strategy Shares (2012 to 2013), and Huntington Asset Advisors (2013); Vice President, Huntington National Bank (2001 to 2013); CCO, FSI LBAR Fund (2013 to 2016). 

Mark J. Seger (1962) 

Vice President, August 2017 to present

 

Current: Vice Chairman Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC, since 1999; Williamsburg Investment Trust, Treasurer since 2008, Hussman Investment Trust, Treasurer since 2008.

 

Previous: Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC, (President 1999 to 2018 and Co-CEO since 2018). 

Zachary P. Richmond (1980) 

Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer, November 2014 to present

 

Current: Vice President, Director of Financial Administration for Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since February 2019; Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of Capitol Series Trust since August 2014; Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of Commonwealth International Series Trust since September 2015; Treasurer of Oak Associates Funds since April 2019; Treasurer of Centaur Mutual Funds Trust since April 2019.

 

Previous: Assistant Vice President, Associate Director of Financial Administration for Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC (December 2015 to February 2019); Manager, Fund Administration, Huntington Asset Services, Inc. (January 2011 to December 2015). 

Martin R. Dean (1963) 

Assistant Chief Compliance Officer, January 2016 to present

 

Current: Vice President, Director of Fund Compliance of Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since January 2016; Chief Compliance Officer, Dupree Mutual Funds since August 2017; Chief Compliance Officer, Peachtree Alternative Strategies Fund since January 2017; Chief Compliance Officer, FSI Low Beta Absolute Return Fund since November 2016; Chief Compliance Officer, Cross Shore Discovery Fund since June 2016; Chief Compliance Officer, First Western Funds Trust since April 2016; Assistant Chief Compliance Officer of Ultimus Managers Trust since January 2016.

 

Previous: Anti-Money Laundering Officer and Chief Compliance Officer of The Huntington Funds (July 2013 to April 2016) and the Huntington Strategy Shares (July 2013 to March 2016); Senior Vice President and Compliance Group Manager, Huntington Asset Services, Inc. (July 2013 to December 2015). 

Stacey Havens (1965) 

Relationship Manager, November 2009 to present

 

Current: Assistant Vice President, Relationship Management for Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since December 2015; Vice President of Capitol Series Trust since September 2013.

 

Previous: Vice President, Relationship Management, Huntington Asset Services, Inc. (n/k/a Ultimus Asset Services, LLC) (July 1993 to December 2015). 

Elisabeth Dahl (1962) 

Secretary, May 2017 to present

 

Current: Attorney, Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since March 2016.

 

Previous: Assistant Secretary, Unified Series Trust (2016-2017); Attorney, Cincinnati, OH (May 2009 to March 2016). 

Carolyn Ford (1956) 

Assistant Secretary, March 2017 to present

 

Current: Paralegal, Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC since March 2017.

 

Previous: Huntington National Bank, Trust Department (2009-2012), Fiscal Officer Hamilton County Ohio (2012 to 2017). 

Stephen Preston (1966) 

AML Compliance Officer, May 2017 to present 

Current: Vice President and Chief Compliance Officer, Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC and Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC, since June 2011 and CCO of Unified Financial Securities, LLC, since May 2017.

Lynn E. Wood (1946) 

Chief Compliance Officer, October 2004 to present 

Current: Managing Member, Buttonwood Compliance Partners, LLC, since May 2013; Chief Compliance Officer of Unified Series Trust, since October 2004.

 

*The business address for each officer is 225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450, Cincinnati, Ohio 45246.

15 

 

In addition to the information provided above, below is a summary of the specific experience, qualifications, attributes or skills of each Trustee and the reason why he or she was selected to serve as Trustee:

 

Stephen A. Little – Mr. Little has been an Independent Trustee of the Trust since its inception in 2002. He previously served as trustee to three other registered investment companies. In 1993, he founded an investment advisory firm that provides discretionary investment advice and advice on socially responsible investing. Mr. Little previously held NASD Series 6, 7, and 22 licenses. Mr. Little received a B.A. from Wabash College and a M. Div. from Christian Theological Seminary. Prior to completing his education, Mr. Little served in the U.S. Marine Corps. Mr. Little was selected to serve as Trustee of the Trust based primarily on his experience in the investment management industry.

 

Gary E. Hippenstiel – Mr. Hippenstiel has served as a mutual fund trustee since 1995. He has been an Independent Trustee of the Trust since its inception in 2002, and he currently serves as Chairman of the Pricing & Liquidity Committee of the Board. He previously served as a trustee to three other registered investment companies and a variable insurance trust. In 2008, Mr. Hippenstiel founded an investment consulting firm and he also has served as Chairman of the investment committee for two family foundations. Prior to that, he served as Chief Investment Officer of Legacy Trust Company for 17 years, where he was responsible for establishing investment strategies and selecting and monitoring independent managers of trust accounts. Mr. Hippenstiel received a B.S. in Business Administration and an M.B.A. in Finance from the University of California, Berkeley. Mr. Hippenstiel was selected as Trustee based primarily on his experience in the investment management industry.

 

Daniel J. Condon – Mr. Condon has been an Independent Trustee of the Trust since its inception in 2002. He has also served as trustee of three other registered investment companies. From 1990 to 2002, he served as Vice President and General Manager of an international automotive equipment manufacturing company. From 2002 to 2017 he served as CEO of various multi-national companies. Mr. Condon received a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology and an M.B.A. from Eastern Illinois University. He also received his registered Professional Engineer license. Mr. Condon was selected as Trustee based on his over 22 years of international business experience.

 

Ronald C. Tritschler – Mr. Tritschler has been a Trustee of the Trust since its inception in 2002. He also has served as trustee of three other registered investment companies. Since 2001, Mr. Tritschler has been CEO, director and general counsel of a national real estate company. He also is a director of a bank holding company. Mr. Tritschler received a B.A. in Business Administration from Baldwin-Wallace College and his J.D. and M.B.A. from the University of Toledo. Mr. Tritschler was selected to serve as a Trustee based primarily on his substantial business and legal experience.

16 

 

Kenneth G.Y. Grant – Mr. Grant, an Independent Trustee of the Trust since 2008, currently serves as Chairman of the Board. Mr. Grant has over 40 years of executive leadership experience, founding and leading multiple financial services firms. Currently he is Executive Vice President for a retirement benefit plan administrator. Previously, he was a Director, Executive Vice President and Chief Officer Corporate Development for a trust company that sponsors private investment product. He was also a Director, Executive Vice President and Chief Officer Corporate Development for a firm administering more than US$1 trillion in global pension, endowment, corporate, public and other commingled assets. He was also an Executive Vice President of a retirement association serving multiple employers. Mr. Grant is a member of the Presbytery of Boston, Presbyterian Church (USA), Chair of the Investment Committee of the Massachusetts Council of Churches and previously a member of the Board, Lift Up Africa. He has a B.A. in Psychology from Syracuse University, a ThM in Theology and Ethics from Boston University and a M.B.A. from Clark University. Mr. Grant was selected to serve as a Trustee based primarily on his experience in investment and trust product development and administration, and financial service and retirement plan management.

 

Nancy V. Kelly – Ms. Kelly has been a Trustee of the Trust since 2007 and currently serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee and the Governance & Nominating Committee of the Board. She served as Senior Risk Officer of Huntington National Bank’s Risk Administration business segment from August 2013 to June 2017. Prior to that, she served as Regulatory Reform Director of Huntington National Bank’s Risk Management business segment from March 2012 to August 2013, Chief Administrative Officer of Huntington’s Wealth Advisors, Government Finance, and Home Lending business segment from November 2010 to March 2012, and Executive Vice President of Huntington from December 2001 to November 2010. She is active as a community leader and serves on the Board of several local organizations, including a youth social services agency. Ms. Kelly was selected to serve as a Trustee based primarily on her experience in managing securities-related businesses operated by banks and her senior position within Huntington Bank, which serves as custodian of certain series of the Trust. Ms. Kelly received a B.S. from Hood College in 1977, and an M.B.A. in 1981 from Xavier University.

 

Independent Trustees Messrs. Hippenstiel, Tritschler, Condon, and Little each have previous experience serving as trustees to other multi-series trusts, which means that they are familiar with issues relating to overseeing multiple advisers and multiple funds. Messrs. Hippenstiel, Little, and Grant have experience conducting due diligence on and evaluating investment advisers – Mr. Hippenstiel as the Chief Investment Officer of Legacy Trust, Mr. Little as the President of a registered investment adviser, and Mr. Grant as an officer of a trust company which sponsors collective investment trusts and manages limited liability investment corporations. This means that they are qualified to review annually each adviser’s qualifications, including the qualification of the Adviser to serve as adviser to the Fund. Ms. Kelly’s experience as an officer of one of the Trust’s custodial banks and supervisor of one of the Trust’s former administrators provides the Independent Trustees with insight into the operations of the service providers and their day-to-day administration of the Fund.

 

RISK MANAGEMENT. As part of its efforts to oversee risk management associated with the Trust, the Board has established the Audit Committee, the Pricing & Liquidity Committee (formerly the Pricing Committee), and the Governance & Nominating Committee as described below:

 

The Audit Committee consists of Ms. Kelly and Messrs. Condon and Tritschler, Little. The Audit Committee is responsible for overseeing the Trust’s accounting and financial reporting policies and practices, internal controls and, as appropriate, the internal controls of certain service providers; overseeing the quality and objectivity of financial statements and the independent audits of the financial statements; and acting as a liaison between the independent auditors and the full Board. The Audit Committee met four times during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The Pricing & Liquidity Committee is responsible for reviewing and approving fair valuation determinations. The Pricing & Liquidity Committee currently consists of Messrs. Grant, Hippenstiel, and Little, except that any one member of the Pricing & Liquidity Committee constitutes a quorum for purposes of reviewing and approving a fair value. In addition to meetings to approve fair valuations, the Pricing & Liquidity Committee met four times during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The Governance & Nominating Committee currently consists of all of the Trustees. The Governance & Nominating Committee is responsible for overseeing the composition of the Board and qualifications and independence of its members, compensation, education and other governance matters, as well as succession of Board members. The Committee was formed in May 2019.

17 

 

Prior to November 2018, the Board had an Advisory Contract Renewal Committee which was responsible for conducting due diligence on the initial approval and subsequent renewals of investment advisory contracts between the Trust and the advisers and sub-advisers to each series of the Trust, and making a recommendation to the full Board regarding approvals and renewals of these contracts. Because the Advisory Contract Renewal Committee was comprised of all of the Trustees, the Board voted to disband the Committee at its November 2018 quarterly meeting. This Committee held four meetings during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The Audit Committee and the Pricing & Liquidity Committee meet at least quarterly and each Committee reviews reports provided by administrative service providers, legal counsel and independent accountants. The Governance & Nominating Committee meets on an as needed basis. All Committees report directly to the full Board.

 

The Independent Trustees have engaged independent legal counsel to provide advice on regulatory, compliance and other topics. This counsel also serves as counsel to the Trust. In addition, the Board has engaged on behalf of the Trust a full-time Chief Compliance Officer (“CCO”) who is responsible for overseeing compliance risks. He reports to the Board at least quarterly any material compliance items that have arisen, and annually he provides to the Board a comprehensive compliance report outlining the effectiveness of compliance policies and procedures of the Trust and its service providers. As part of the CCO’s risk oversight function, the CCO seeks to understand the risks inherent in the operations of the Trust’s series and their advisers and sub- advisers. Periodically, the CCO provides reports to the Board that:

 

Assess the quality of the information the CCO receives from internal and external sources;

 

Assess how Trust personnel monitor and evaluate risks;

 

Assess the quality of the Trust’s risk management procedures and the effectiveness of the Trust’s organizational structure in implementing those procedures;

 

Consider feedback from and provide feedback regarding critical risk issues to Trust and administrative and advisory personnel responsible for implementing risk management programs; and

 

Consider economic, industry, and regulatory developments, and recommend changes to the Trust’s compliance programs as necessary to meet new regulations or industry developments.

 

The Trustees meet in-person on a quarterly basis, typically for two days of meetings. Trustees also participate in special meetings and conference calls as needed. In addition to Board meetings, Trustees also participate in teleconferences each quarter to review and discuss 15(c) materials and other information. Legal counsel to the Trust provides quarterly reports to the Board regarding regulatory developments. On a quarterly basis, the Trustees review and discuss some or all of the following compliance and risk management reports relating to the series of the Trust:

 

(1)Fund Performance/Morningstar Report/Portfolio Manager’s Commentary

 

(2)Code of Ethics review

 

(3)NAV Errors, if any

 

(4)Distributor Compliance Reports

 

(5)Timeliness of SEC Filings

 

(6)Dividends and other Distributions

18 

 

(7)List of Brokers, Brokerage Commissions Paid and Average Commission Rate

 

(8)Review of 12b-1 Payments

 

(9)Multiple Class Expense Reports

 

(10)Anti-Money Laundering/Customer Identification Reports

 

(11)Administrator and CCO Compliance Reports

 

(12)Market Timing Reports

 

The Board has not adopted a formal diversity policy. When soliciting future nominees for Trustee, the Board will make efforts to identify and solicit qualified minorities and women.

 

On an annual basis, the Trustees assess the Board’s and their individual effectiveness in overseeing the Trust. Based upon its assessment, the Board determines whether additional risk assessment or monitoring processes are required with respect to the Trust or any of its service providers.

 

Based on the qualifications of each of the Trust’s Trustees and officers, the risk management practices adopted by the Board, including a regular review of several compliance and operational reports, and the committee structure adopted by the Board, the Trust believes that its leadership is appropriate.

 

The following table provides information regarding shares of the Fund and other portfolios of the Trust owned by each Trustee as of December 31, 2018.

 

Trustee

Dollar Range of

the Fund’s

Shares

Aggregate Dollar

Range of Shares of

All Funds Within the

Trust*

Gary E. Hippenstiel None None
Ronald C. Tritschler None None
Stephen A. Little None $1 - $10,000
Daniel J. Condon None None
Kenneth G.Y. Grant None $10,001 - $50,000
Nancy V. Kelly None None

 

*As of the date of this SAI, the Trust consists of [17] series.

 

Set forth below are estimates of the annual compensation paid to the Trustees and compensated officers by the Fund on an individual basis and by the Trust on an aggregate basis. Trustees’ and officers’ fees and expenses are Trust expenses and the Fund incurs its share of such expenses, which are allocated among the series of the Trust in such manner as the Trustees determine to be fair and equitable.

 

Name and Position 

Aggregate

Compensation

from the

Fund

  

Pension or

Retirement

Benefits

Accrued as Part

of Fund

Expenses

  

Estimated

Annual

Benefits Upon

Retirement

  

Total

Compensation from Trust1

 
Kenneth G.Y. Grant, Independent Trustee and Chairman of the Board  $2,520   $0   $0   $42,840 
Daniel J. Condon, Independent Trustee  $2,070   $0   $0   $35,190 
Gary E. Hippenstiel, Independent Trustee and Chairman of Pricing & Liquidity Committee  $2,520   $0   $0   $42,840 
Nancy V. Kelly, Independent Trustee and Chairman of the Audit Committee and Governance & Nominating Committee  $2,520   $0   $0   $42,840 
Stephen A. Little, Independent Trustee  $2,070   $0   $0   $35,190 
Ronald C. Tritschler, Independent Trustee  $2,070   $0   $0   $35,190 
Lynn E. Wood, Chief Compliance Officer  $8,500   $0   $0   $144,5002 

 

1As of the date of this SAI, the Trust consists of [17] series.

2In addition to the CCO’s salary listed in the table, the Trust accrues amounts to pay for the CCO’s expenses in connection with compliance-related activities, including due diligence reviews of advisers to the series of the Trust, attendance at compliance seminars, etc. These expenses are allocated to each series of the Trust in such manner as the Board determines to be fair and equitable.

19 

 

CONTROL PERSONS AND PRINCIPAL HOLDERS OF SECURITIES

 

A principal shareholder is any person who owns (either of record or beneficially) 5% or more of the outstanding shares of a fund. A person who beneficially owns, either directly or indirectly, more than 25% of the voting securities of a fund is presumed to be a control person of the fund. As a controlling shareholder, each of these persons could control the outcome of any proposal submitted to the shareholders for approval, including changes to the Fund’s fundamental policies or the terms of the management agreement with the Adviser.

 

As of the date of this SAI, the Trustees and officers of the Trust as a group owned no shares of the Fund.

 

PORTFOLIO TURNOVER

 

The Fund may sell portfolio securities without regard to the length of time they have been held when, in the opinion of the Adviser, investment considerations warrant such action. The Fund’s portfolio turnover rate is the percentage of its portfolio that is bought and sold to exchange for other securities and is expressed as a percentage of its total assets. A high rate of portfolio turnover (100% or more) generally leads to higher transaction costs and may result in a greater number of taxable transactions. It is anticipated the portfolio turnover rate for the Fund will generally not exceed 100%. However, this should not be considered as a limiting factor. The Fund’s turnover rate will be available after the Fund completes its first fiscal year.

 

ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING COMPLIANCE PROGRAM

 

Customer identification and verification is part of the Fund’s overall obligation to prevent money laundering under federal law. The Trust has, on behalf of the Fund, adopted an anti-money laundering compliance program designed to prevent the Fund from being used for money laundering or financing of terrorist activities (the “AML Compliance Program”). The Trust has delegated the responsibility to implement the AML Compliance Program to the Transfer Agent, subject to oversight by the Trust’s CCO and, ultimately, by the Board.

 

When you open an account with the Fund, the Transfer Agent will request that you provide your name, physical address, date of birth, and Social Security number or tax identification number. You may also be asked for other information that, in the Transfer Agent’s discretion, will allow the Fund to verify your identity. Entities are also required to provide additional documentation. This information will be verified to ensure the identity of all persons opening an account with the Fund. The Fund reserves the right to (i) refuse, cancel or rescind any purchase or exchange order, freeze any account and/or suspend account activities, or (iii) involuntarily redeem your account in cases of threatening conduct or suspected fraudulent or illegal activity. These actions will be taken when, in the sole discretion of the Transfer Agent, they are deemed to be in the best interest of the Fund, or in cases where the Fund is requested or compelled to do so by governmental or law enforcement authority.

 

PORTFOLIO TRANSACTIONS AND BROKERAGE

 

Subject to policies established by the Board, the Adviser is responsible for the Fund’s portfolio decisions and the placing of the Fund’s portfolio transactions. In placing portfolio transactions, the Adviser seeks the best qualitative execution for the Fund, taking into account such factors as price (including the applicable brokerage commission or dealer spread), the execution capability, financial responsibility and responsiveness of the broker or dealer and the brokerage and research services provided by the broker or dealer. The Adviser generally seeks favorable prices and commission rates that are reasonable in relation to the benefits received.

20 

 

The Adviser is specifically authorized to select brokers or dealers who also provide brokerage and research services to the Fund and/or the other accounts over which the Adviser exercises investment discretion and to pay such brokers or dealers a commission in excess of the commission another broker or dealer would charge if the Adviser determines in good faith that the commission is reasonable in relation to the value of the brokerage and research services provided. The determination may be viewed in terms of a particular transaction or the Adviser’s overall responsibilities with respect to the Fund and to other accounts over which it exercises investment discretion.

 

Research services include supplemental research, securities and economic analyses, statistical services and information with respect to the availability of securities or purchasers or sellers of securities and analyses of reports concerning performance of accounts. The research services and other information furnished by brokers through whom the Fund effects securities transactions may also be used by the Adviser in servicing all of its accounts. Similarly, research and information provided by brokers or dealers serving other clients may be useful to the Adviser in connection with its services to the Fund.

 

When the Fund and another of the Adviser’s clients seek to purchase or sell the same security at or about the same time, the Adviser may execute the transaction on a combined (“blocked”) basis, through one or more broker-dealers. Blocked transactions can produce better execution for the Fund and other accounts managed by the Adviser because of the increased volume of each such transaction. If the entire blocked order is not filled, the Fund may not be able to acquire as large a position in such security as it desires, or it may have to pay a higher price for the security.

 

Similarly, the Fund may not be able to obtain as large an execution of an order to sell, or as high a price for any particular portfolio security, if the Adviser is selling the same portfolio security for its other client accounts at the same time. In the event that more than one client wants to purchase or sell the same security on a given date, the purchases and sales will normally be made on a pro rata average price per share basis.

 

Over-the-counter transactions will be placed either directly with principal market makers or with broker-dealers, if the same or a better price, including commissions and executions, is available. Fixed income securities are normally purchased directly from the issuer, an underwriter or a market maker. Purchases include a concession paid by the issuer to the underwriter and the purchase price paid to a market maker may include the spread between the bid and asked prices.

 

The Trust, the Adviser and the Fund’s Distributor as defined herein have each adopted a Code of Ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 of the 1940 Act, and the Adviser’s Code of Ethics also conforms to Rule 204A-1 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. The personnel subject to the Codes are permitted to invest in securities, including securities that may be purchased or held by the Fund. You may obtain copies of the Trust’s Code from documents filed with SEC and available on the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov.

 

DISCLOSURE OF PORTFOLIO HOLDINGS

 

The Trust has adopted policies with respect to the disclosure of the Fund’s portfolio holdings. These policies generally prohibit the disclosure of information about the Fund’s portfolio to third-parties prior to the day after the information is posted to the Fund’s website unless the information is publicly available on the SEC’s EDGAR system. As described below, the policies allow for disclosure of non-public portfolio information to third-parties only if there is a legitimate business purpose for the disclosure. In addition, the policies require that the party receiving the portfolio holdings information execute a non-disclosure agreement that includes a prohibition on trading based on the information, unless the party is already subject to a duty of confidentiality (as determined by the Trust’s CCO). Any arrangement to disclose non-public information about the Fund’s portfolio must be approved by the Trust’s CCO. The Trust and the Adviser are prohibited from receiving compensation or other consideration in connection with disclosing information about the Fund’s portfolio to third parties.

21 

 

Under the Trust’s policies, the Adviser is permitted to include Fund portfolio information that has already been made public through the Fund’s website or SEC filing in marketing literature and other communications to shareholders or other parties, provided that, in the case of portfolio information made public solely through the Fund’s website, the information is disclosed no earlier than the day after the date of posting to the website.

 

The Fund releases non-public portfolio holdings information to certain third-party service providers on a daily basis in order for those parties to perform their duties on behalf of the Fund. These service providers include the Fund’s Adviser, Distributor, Transfer Agent, Fund Accounting Agent, Administrator and Custodian. The Fund also periodically discloses portfolio holdings information on a confidential basis to other parties that provide services to the Fund, such as the Fund’s auditors, legal counsel, proxy voting services (if applicable), printers, brokers and pricing services. The lag between the date of the information and the date on which the information is disclosed will vary based on the nature of the services provided by the party to whom the information is disclosed. For example, the information may be provided to the Fund’s auditors within days after the end of the Fund’s fiscal year in connection with the Fund’s annual audit, while the information may be given to legal counsel at any time. Fund service providers are required to keep this information confidential and are prohibited from trading based on the information or otherwise using the information except as necessary in providing services to the Fund.

 

The Fund may also disclose non-public portfolio holdings information to rating and ranking organizations, such as Morningstar Inc. and Lipper Inc., in connection with those firms’ research on and classification of the Fund and in order to gather information about how the Fund’s attributes (such as performance, volatility and expenses) compare to peer funds. In these instances, information about the Fund’s portfolio would be supplied within approximately 25 days after the end of the month. In addition, any such ratings organization would be required to keep the Fund’s portfolio information confidential and would be prohibited from trading based on the information or otherwise using the information except as necessary.

 

PROXY VOTING POLICY

 

The Trust and the Adviser each have adopted proxy voting policies and procedures reasonably designed to ensure that proxies are voted in shareholders’ best interests. As a brief summary, the Trust’s policy delegates responsibility regarding proxy voting to the Adviser, subject to the Adviser’s proxy voting policy and the supervision of the Board.

 

Absent mitigating circumstances and/or conflicts of interest, it is the Adviser’s general policy to vote proxies consistent with the recommendation of the senior management of the issuer. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Adviser often will vote against a management recommendation with respect to stock option and other executive compensation plan matters. The Adviser monitors corporate actions of issuers of the Fund’s portfolio securities in a manner consistent with the Adviser’s fiduciary duty to vote proxies in the best interests of its clients.

 

The Trust’s policy provides that, if a conflict of interest between the Adviser or its affiliates and the Fund arises with respect to any proxy, the Adviser must fully disclose the conflict to the Board and vote the proxy in accordance with the Board’s instructions. The Board shall make the proxy voting decision that in its judgment, after reviewing the recommendation of the Adviser, is most consistent with the Adviser’s proxy voting policies and in the best interests of Fund shareholders. When the Board is required to make a proxy voting decision, only the Trustees without a conflict of interest with regard to the security in question or the matter to be voted upon shall be permitted to participate in the decision of how the Fund’s vote will be cast.

 

You may obtain a copy of the Adviser’s proxy voting policies by calling the Adviser at [             ] A copy of the policies will be mailed to you within three days of receipt of your request. You may obtain a copy of the Trust’s or Adviser’s policies from Fund documents filed with the SEC, which are available on the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov. A copy of the votes cast by the Fund with respect to portfolio securities during the most recent 12-month period ended June 30th will be filed by the Fund with the SEC on Form N-PX. The Fund’s proxy voting record will be available to shareholders free of charge upon request by calling or writing the Fund as described above or from the SEC’s web site.

22 

 

DETERMINATION OF NET ASSET VALUE

 

The NAV of the shares of the Fund is determined at the close of trading (which is normally 4:00 p.m., Eastern time) on each day the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) is open for business. The NYSE is closed on Saturdays, Sundays and the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Good Friday, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas. For a description of the methods used to determine the NAV (share price), see “Determination of Net Asset Value” in the Prospectus. The Fund’s NAV per share is computed by dividing the value of the securities held by the Fund plus any cash or other assets (including interest and dividends accrued but not yet received) minus all liabilities (including accrued expenses) by the total number of shares in the Fund outstanding at such time.

 

Equity securities are generally valued by using market quotations. Equity securities traded on a securities exchange for which a last-quoted sales price is readily available are generally valued at the last quoted sale price as reported by the primary exchange on which the securities are listed. Lacking a last sale price, an exchange traded security is generally valued by the pricing service at its last bid price. Securities listed on the NASDAQ National Market System are generally valued by a pricing service at the NASDAQ Official Closing Price, which may differ from the last sales price reported.

 

Options traded on major exchanges are valued at the last quoted sales price on their primary exchange. If there is no reported sale on the valuation date, such options are valued at the mean of the last bid and ask prices.

 

Fixed income securities for which market quotations are readily available are generally valued based upon the mean of the last bid and ask prices as provided by an independent pricing service. If market quotations are not readily available, the pricing service may use electronic data processing techniques and/or a computerized matrix system based on yield spreads relating to securities with similar characteristics to determine prices for normal institutional-size trading units of debt securities without regard to sale or bid prices to determine valuations. In determining the value of a bond or other fixed income security, matrix pricing takes into consideration recent transactions, yield, liquidity, risk, credit quality, coupon, maturity and type of issue, and any other factors or market data as the independent pricing service deems relevant for the security being priced and for other securities with similar characteristics.

 

If management or the Adviser considers a valuation unreliable due to market or other events (including events that occur after the close of the trading market but before the calculation of the NAV), the Fund will value its securities at their fair value, as of the close of regular trading on the NYSE, as determined in good faith by the Adviser in conformity with guidelines adopted by and subject to review of the Board. The Trust maintains a pricing review committee that will review any fair value provided by the Adviser, subject to the ultimate review and approval of the Pricing & Liquidity Committee of the Board. Any one member of the Pricing & Liquidity Committee constitutes a quorum for purposes of reviewing and approving a fair value. The full Pricing & Liquidity Committee will review all fair valued securities on a quarterly basis.

 

Short-term investments in fixed income securities with maturities of less than 60 days when acquired, or which subsequently are within 60 days of maturity, are valued at their market value as determined by an independent third-party pricing agent, unless it is determined that such practice does not approximate fair value.

 

REDEMPTION IN-KIND

 

The Fund does not intend to redeem shares in any form except cash. However, if the aggregate amount being redeemed within any 90-day period is over the lesser of $250,000 or 1% of the Fund’s net asset value, pursuant to a Rule 18f-1 plan filed by the Trust on behalf of the Fund, the Fund has the right to redeem your shares by giving you the amount that exceeds the lesser of $250,000 or 1% of the Fund’s net asset value in securities instead of cash. In the event that an in-kind distribution is made, a shareholder may incur additional expenses, such as the payment of brokerage commissions, on the sale or other disposition of the securities received from the Fund.

23 

 

STATUS AND TAXATION OF THE FUND

 

The Fund was organized as a series of a business trust, and intends to continue to qualify for treatment as a regulated investment company (a “RIC”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) in each taxable year. There can be no assurance that it actually will so qualify. If the Fund qualifies as a RIC, its dividend and capital gain distributions generally are subject only to a single level of taxation, to the shareholders. This differs from distributions of a regular business corporation which, in general, are taxed first as taxable income of the distributing corporation, and then again as dividend income of the shareholder.

 

Redemption of Fund shares generally will result in a taxable gain or loss to the redeeming shareholder, depending on whether the redemption proceeds are more or less than the shareholder’s adjusted basis for the redeemed shares.

 

If the Fund does qualify as a RIC but (in a particular calendar year) distributes less than 98% of its ordinary income and 98.2% of its capital gain net income (as the Code defines each such term), the Fund would be subject to an excise tax. The excise tax, if applicable, is 4% of the excess of the amount required to have been distributed over the amount actually distributed for the applicable year. If the Fund does not qualify as a RIC, its income will be subject to taxation as a regular business corporation, without reduction by dividends paid to shareholders of the Fund.

 

To continue to qualify for treatment as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, the Fund must, among other requirements:

 

Derive at least 90% of its gross income each taxable year from dividends, interest, payments with respect to securities loans, gains from the sale or other disposition of stock or securities or foreign currencies, and certain other income (including gains from options, futures, or forward contracts derived with respect to the RIC’s business of investing in stock securities, or foreign currencies) (the “Income Requirement”);

 

Diversify its investments in securities within certain statutory limits; and

 

Distribute annually to its shareholders at least 90% of its investment company taxable income (generally, taxable net investment income less net capital gain) (the “Distribution Requirement”).

 

The Fund may acquire zero coupon bonds or other securities issued with original issue discount (including pay-in-kind securities). If it does so, the Fund will have to include in its income its share of the original issue discount that accrues on the securities during the taxable year, even if the Fund receives no corresponding payment on the securities during the year. Because the Fund annually must distribute (a) 98% of its ordinary income in order to avoid imposition of a 4% excise tax, and (b) 90% of its investment company taxable income, including any original issue discount, to satisfy the Distribution Requirement, the Fund may be required in a particular year to distribute as a dividend an amount that is greater than the total amount of cash it actually receives. Those distributions would be made from the Fund’s cash, if any, or from the sales of portfolio securities, if necessary. The Fund might realize capital gains or losses from any such sales, which would increase or decrease the Fund’s investment company taxable income and/or net capital gain (the excess of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss).

 

Hedging strategies, to reduce risk in various ways, are subject to complex rules that determine, for federal income tax purposes, the character and time for recognition of gains and losses that the Fund realizes in connection with the hedge. The Fund’s income from derivative instruments, if any, in each case derived with respect to its business of making investments, should qualify as allowable income for the Fund under the Income Requirement.

 

Fund distributions received by your qualified retirement plan, such as a 401(k) plan or IRA, are generally tax-deferred; this means that you are not required to report Fund distributions on your income tax return when paid to your plan, but, rather, when your plan makes payments to you or your beneficiary. Special rules apply to payouts from Roth and Education IRAs.

24 

 

The portion of the dividends the Fund pays (other than capital gain distributions) that does not exceed the aggregate dividends it receives from U.S. corporations will be eligible for the dividends received deduction allowed to corporations.

 

If you are a non-retirement plan holder, the Fund will send you a Form 1099 each year that tells you the amount of distributions you received for the prior calendar year, the tax status of those distributions, and a list of reportable sale transactions. Generally, the Fund’s distributions are taxable to you in the year you received them. However, any dividends that are declared in October, November or December but paid in January are taxable as if received in December of the year they are declared. Investors should be careful to consider the tax consequences of buying shares shortly before a distribution. The price of shares purchased at that time may reflect the amount of the anticipated distribution. However, any such distribution will be taxable to the purchaser of the shares and may result in a decline in the share value by the amount of the distribution.

 

If shares of the Fund are purchased within 30 days before or after redeeming other shares of the Fund at a loss, all or a portion of that loss will not be deductible and will increase the basis of the newly purchased shares. If shares of the Fund are sold at a loss after being held by a shareholder for six-months or less, the loss will be treated as a long-term, instead of a short-term, capital loss to the extent of any capital gain distributions received on the shares.

 

The Fund’s net realized capital gains from securities transactions will be distributed only after reducing such gains by the amount of any available capital loss carryforwards. Net capital losses recognized in taxable years of the Fund beginning after December 31, 2010 may be carried forward indefinitely to offset any capital gains.

 

Capital losses and specified gains realized after October 31, and net investment losses realized after August 31 of the Fund’s fiscal year may be deferred and treated as occurring on the first business day of the following fiscal year for tax purposes.

 

The foregoing is only a summary of some of the important federal income tax considerations affecting the Fund and its shareholders and is not intended as a substitute for careful tax planning. Accordingly, prospective investors should consult their own tax advisers for more detailed information regarding the above and for information regarding federal, state, local and foreign taxes.

 

CUSTODIAN AND TRANSFER AGENT

 

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., located at 50 Post Office Square, Boston, MA 02110, is Custodian of the Fund’s investments. The Custodian acts as the Fund’s depository, safekeeps portfolio securities, collects all income and other payments with respect thereto, disburses funds at the Fund’s request and maintains records in connection with its duties. Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. also serves as the Fund’s Transfer Agent.

 

OTHER FUND SERVICES

 

Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC (“Ultimus”), located at 225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450, Cincinnati, Ohio 45246, acts as the Fund’s fund accountant, and administrator. Ultimus is the parent company of the Distributor. Certain officers of the Trust are members of management and/or employees of the Distributor or Ultimus.

25 

 

INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

The firm of Cohen & Company, Ltd. (“Cohen”), located at 1350 Euclid Ave, Suite 800, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, has been selected as the independent registered public accounting firm for the Fund for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2020. Cohen will perform an annual audit of the Fund’s financial statements and will provide financial, tax and accounting services, as requested, in accordance with applicable law and regulations.

 

DISTRIBUTOR

 

Northern Lights Distributors, LLC, located at 17605 Wright Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68130, is the distributor of Creation Units for the Fund. The Distributor is a registered broker-dealer and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”).

 

The Distributor is obligated to sell the shares of the Fund on a best efforts basis only against purchase orders for the shares. Shares of the Fund are offered to the public on a continuous basis.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Fund recently commenced operations and, as a result, there are no financial statements available.

26 

 

APPENDIX A

 

Commercial Paper Ratings

 

A Standard & Poor’s commercial paper rating is a current assessment of the likelihood of timely payment of debt having an original maturity of no more than 365 days. The following summarizes the rating categories used by Standard & Poor’s for commercial paper in which the Fund may invest:

 

“A-1” - Issue’s degree of safety regarding timely payment is strong. Those issues determined to possess extremely strong safety characteristics are denoted “A-1+.”

 

“A-2” - Issue’s capacity for timely payment is satisfactory. However, the relative degree of safety is not as high as for issues designated “A-1.”

 

Moody’s commercial paper ratings are opinions of the ability of issuers to repay punctually promissory obligations not having an original maturity in excess of 9 months. The following summarizes the rating categories used by Moody’s for commercial paper in which the Fund may invest:

 

“Prime-1” - Issuer or related supporting institutions are considered to have a superior capacity for repayment of short-term promissory obligations. Prime-1 repayment capacity will normally be evidenced by the following capacities: leading market positions in well-established industries; high rates of return on funds employed; conservative capitalization structures with moderate reliance on debt and ample asset protection; broad margins in earning coverage of fixed financial charges and high internal cash generation; and well-established access to a range of financial markets and assured sources of alternate liquidity.

 

“Prime-2” - Issuer or related supporting institutions are considered to have a strong capacity for repayment of short-term promissory obligations. This will normally be evidenced by many of the characteristics cited above but to a lesser degree. Earnings trends and coverage ratios, while sound, will be more subject to variation. Capitalization characteristics, while still appropriate, may be more affected by external conditions. Ample alternative liquidity is maintained.

 

Fitch short-term ratings apply to debt obligations that are payable on demand or have original maturities of up to three years. The highest rating category of Fitch for short-term obligations is “F-1.” Fitch employs two designations, “F-1+” and “F-1,” within the highest category. The following summarizes the rating categories used by Fitch for short-term obligations in which the Fund may invest:

 

“F-1+” - Securities possess exceptionally strong credit quality. Issues assigned this rating are regarded as having the strongest degree of assurance for timely payment.

 

“F-1” - Securities possess very strong credit quality. Issues assigned this rating reflect an assurance of timely payment only slightly less in degree than issues rated “F-1+.”

 

Fitch may also use the symbol “LOC” with its short-term ratings to indicate that the rating is based upon a letter of credit issued by a commercial bank.

 

Thomson BankWatch short-term ratings assess the likelihood of an untimely or incomplete payment of principal or interest of unsubordinated instruments having a maturity of one year or less which are issued by a bank holding company or an entity within the holding company structure. The following summarizes the ratings used by Thomson BankWatch in which the Fund may invest:

 

“TBW-1” - This designation represents Thomson BankWatch’s highest rating category and indicates a very high degree of likelihood that principal and interest will be paid on a timely basis.

 

“TBW-2” - this designation indicates that while the degree of safety regarding timely payment of principal and interest is strong, the relative degree of safety is not as high as for issues rated “TBW-1.”

 

IBCA assesses the investment quality of unsecured debt with an original maturity of less than one year which is issued by bank holding companies and their principal bank subsidiaries. The following summarizes the rating categories used by IBCA for short-term debt ratings in which the Fund may invest:

27 

 

“A1” - Obligations are supported by the highest capacity for timely repayment. Where issues possess a particularly strong credit feature, a rating of A1+ is assigned.

 

“A2” - Obligations are supported by a good capacity for timely repayment.

 

Corporate Long-Term Investment Grade Debt Ratings

 

Standard & Poor’s Debt Ratings

 

A Standard & Poor’s corporate or municipal debt rating is a current assessment of the creditworthiness of an obligor with respect to a specific obligation. This assessment may take into consideration obligors such as guarantors, insurers, or lessees. The debt rating is not a recommendation to purchase, sell, or hold a security, inasmuch as it does not comment as to market price or suitability for a particular investor.

 

The ratings are based on current information furnished by the issuer or obtained by S&P from other sources it considers reliable. S&P does not perform an audit in connection with any rating and may, on occasion, rely on unaudited financial information. The ratings may be changed, suspended, or withdrawn as a result of changes in, or unavailability of, such information, or for other circumstances.

 

The ratings are based, in varying degrees, on the following considerations:

 

1.Likelihood of default - capacity and willingness of the obligor as to the timely payment of interest and repayment of principal in accordance with the terms of the obligation.

 

2.Nature of and provisions of the obligation.

 

3.Protection afforded by, and relative position of, the obligation in the event of bankruptcy, reorganization, or other arrangement under the laws of bankruptcy and other laws affecting creditors’ rights.

 

AAA - Debt rated ‘AAA’ has the highest rating assigned by Standard & Poor’s. Capacity to pay interest and repay principal is extremely strong.

 

AA - Debt rated ‘AA’ has a very strong capacity to pay interest and repay principal and differs from the highest rated issues only in small degree.

 

A - Debt rated ‘A’ has a strong capacity to pay interest and repay principal although it is somewhat more susceptible to the adverse effects of changes in circumstances and economic conditions than debt in higher rated categories.

 

BBB - Debt rated ‘BBB’ is regarded as having an adequate capacity to pay interest and repay principal. Whereas it normally exhibits adequate protection parameters, adverse economic conditions or changing circumstances are more likely to lead to a weakened capacity to pay interest and repay principal for debt in this category than in higher rated categories.

 

BB, B, CCC, CC and C:

 

Obligations rated ‘BB’, ‘B’, ‘CCC’ ‘CC’, and ‘C’ are regarded as having significant speculative characteristics. ‘BB’ indicates the least degree of speculation and ‘C’ the highest. While such obligations will likely have some quality and protective characteristics, these may be outweighed by large uncertainties or major exposure to adverse conditions.

 

BB: - An obligation rated ‘BB’ is less vulnerable to nonpayment than other speculative issues. However, it faces major ongoing uncertainties or exposure to adverse business, financial, or economic conditions which could lead to the obligor’s inadequate capacity to meet its financial commitments on the obligation.

28 

 

B: - An obligation rated ‘B’ is more vulnerable to nonpayment than obligations rated ‘BB’, but the obligor currently has the capacity to meet its financial commitments on the obligation. Adverse business, financial, or economic conditions will likely impair the obligor’s capacity or willingness to meet its financial commitments on the obligation.

 

CCC: - An obligation rated ‘CCC’ is currently vulnerable to nonpayment and is dependent upon favorable business, financial, and economic conditions for the obligor to meet its financial commitments on the obligation. In the event of adverse business, financial, or economic conditions, the obligor is not likely to have the capacity to meet its financial commitments on the obligation.

 

CC: - An obligation rated ‘CC’ is currently highly vulnerable to nonpayment. The ‘CC’ rating is used when a default has not yet occurred but S&P Global Ratings expects default to be a virtual certainty, regardless of the anticipated time to default.

 

C: - An obligation rated ‘C’ is currently highly vulnerable to nonpayment, and the obligation is expected to have lower relative seniority or lower ultimate recovery compared with obligations that are rated higher.

 

D: - An obligation rated ‘D’ is in default or in breach of an imputed promise. For non-hybrid capital instruments, the ‘D’ rating category is used when payments on an obligation are not made on the date due, unless S&P Global Ratings believes that such payments will be made within five business days in the absence of a stated grace period or within the earlier of the stated grace period or 30 calendar days. The ‘D’ rating also will be used upon the filing of a bankruptcy petition or the taking of similar action and where default on an obligation is a virtual certainty, for example due to automatic stay provisions. An obligation’s rating is lowered to ‘D’ if it is subject to a distressed exchange offer.

 

Moody’s Long-Term Debt Ratings

 

Aaa - Bonds which are rated Aaa are judged to be of the best quality. They carry the smallest degree of investment risk and are generally referred to as “gilt edged.” Interest payments are protected by a large or by an exceptionally stable margin and principal is secure. While the various protective elements are likely to change, such changes as can be visualized are most unlikely to impair the fundamentally strong position of such issues.

 

Aa - Bonds which are rated ‘Aa’ are judged to be of high quality by all standards. Together with the Aaa group they comprise what are generally known as high grade bonds. They are rated lower than the best bonds because margins of protection may not be as large as in Aaa securities or fluctuation of protective elements may be of greater amplitude or there may be other elements present which make the long-term risk appear somewhat larger than in Aaa securities.

 

A - Bonds which are rated ‘A’ possess many favorable investment attributes and are to be considered as upper-medium grade obligations. Factors giving security to principal and interest are considered adequate, but elements may be present which suggest a susceptibility to impairment sometime in the future.

 

Baa - Bonds which are rated ‘Baa’ are considered as medium-grade obligations (i.e, they are neither highly protected nor poorly secured). Interest payments and principal security appear adequate for the present but certain protective elements may be lacking or may be characteristically unreliable over any great length of time. Such bonds lack outstanding investment characteristics and in fact have speculative characteristics as well.

 

Ba: - Obligations rated ‘Ba’ are judged to be speculative and are subject to substantial credit risk.

 

B: - Obligations rated ‘B’ are considered speculative and are subject to high credit risk.

 

Caa: - Obligations rated ‘Caa’ are judged to be speculative of poor standing and are subject to very high credit risk.

 

Ca: - Obligations rated ‘Ca’ are highly speculative and are likely in, or very near, default, with some prospect of recovery of principal and interest.

 

C: - Obligations rated ‘C’ are the lowest rated and are typically in default, with little prospect for recovery of principal or interest.

 

Fitch Investors Service, Inc. Ratings

 

Fitch investment grade bond ratings provide a guide to investors in determining the credit risk associated with a particular security. The ratings represent Fitch’s assessment of the issuer’s ability to meet the obligations of a specific debt issue or class of debt in a timely manner.

29 

 

The rating takes into consideration special features of the issue, its relationship to other obligations of the issuer, the current and prospective financial condition and operating performance of the issuer and any guarantor, as well as the economic and political environment that might affect the issuer’s future financial strength and credit quality.

 

Fitch ratings do not reflect any credit enhancement that may be provided by insurance policies or financial guaranties unless otherwise indicated.

 

Bonds that have the same rating are of similar but not necessarily identical credit quality since the rating categories do not fully reflect small differences in the degrees of credit risk.

 

Fitch ratings are not recommendations to buy, sell, or hold any security. Ratings do not comment on the adequacy of market price, the suitability of any security for a particular investor, or the tax-exempt nature of taxability of payments made in respect of any security.

 

Fitch ratings are based on information obtained from issuers, other obligors, underwriters, their experts, and other sources Fitch believes to be reliable. Fitch does not audit or verify the truth or accuracy of such information. Ratings may be changed, suspended, or withdrawn as a result of changes in, or the unavailability of, information or for other reasons.

 

AAA Bonds considered to be investment grade and of the highest credit quality. The obligor has an exceptionally strong ability to pay interest and repay principal, which is unlikely to be affected by reasonably foreseeable events.

 

AA Bonds considered to be investment grade and of very high credit quality. The obligor’s ability to pay interest and repay principal is very strong, although not quite as strong as bonds rated ‘AAA.= Because bonds rated in the ‘AAA’ and ‘AA’ categories are not significantly vulnerable to foreseeable future developments, short-term debt of the issuers is generally rated ‘F-1+.’

 

A Bonds considered to be investment grade and of high credit quality. The obligor’s ability to pay interest and repay principal is considered to be strong, but may be more vulnerable to adverse changes in economic conditions and circumstances than bonds with higher ratings.

 

BBB Bonds considered to be investment grade and of satisfactory credit quality. The obligor’s ability to pay interest and repay principal is considered to be adequate. Adverse changes in economic conditions and circumstances, however, are more likely to have adverse impact on these bonds, and therefore impair timely payment. The likelihood that the ratings of these bonds will fall below investment grade is higher than for bonds with higher ratings.

 

BB: Speculative. ‘BB’ ratings indicate an elevated vulnerability to default risk, particularly in the event of adverse changes in business or economic conditions over time; however, business or financial flexibility exists that supports the servicing of financial commitments.

 

B: Highly speculative. ‘B’ ratings indicate that material default risk is present, but a limited margin of safety remains. Financial commitments are currently being met; however, capacity for continued payment is vulnerable to deterioration in the business and economic environment.

 

CCC: Substantial credit risk. Default is a real possibility.

 

CC: Very high levels of credit risk. Default of some kind appears probable.

 

C: Near default. A default or default-like process has begun, or the issuer is in standstill, or for a closed funding vehicle, payment capacity is irrevocably impaired. Conditions that are indicative of a ‘C’ category rating for an issuer include:

 

a.the issuer has entered into a grace or cure period following non-payment of a material financial obligation;

 

b.the issuer has entered into a temporary negotiated waiver or standstill agreement following a payment default on a material financial obligation; or

30 

 

c.the formal announcement by the issuer or their agent of a distressed debt exchange;

 

d.a closed financing vehicle where payment capacity is irrevocably impaired such that it is not expected to pay interest and/or principal in full during the life of the transaction, but where no payment default is imminent

 

RD: Restricted default. ‘RD’ ratings indicate an issuer that in Fitch’s opinion has experienced:

 

a.an uncured payment default on a bond, loan or other material financial obligation, but

 

b.has not entered into bankruptcy filings, administration, receivership, liquidation, or other formal winding-up procedure, and

 

c.has not otherwise ceased operating.

 

This would include:

 

i.the selective payment default on a specific class or currency of debt;

 

ii.the uncured expiry of any applicable grace period, cure period or default forbearance period following a payment default on a bank loan, capital markets security or other material financial obligation;

 

iii.the extension of multiple waivers or forbearance periods upon a payment default on one or more material financial obligations, either in series or in parallel; ordinary execution of a distressed debt exchange on one or more material financial obligations.

 

D: Default. ‘D’ ratings indicate an issuer that in Fitch Ratings’ opinion has entered into bankruptcy filings, administration, receivership, liquidation or other formal winding-up procedure or which has otherwise ceased business.

 

Default ratings are not assigned prospectively to entities or their obligations; within this context, non-payment on an instrument that contains a deferral feature or grace period will generally not be considered a default until after the expiration of the deferral or grace period, unless a default is otherwise driven by bankruptcy or other similar circumstance, or by a distressed debt exchange.

 

In all cases, the assignment of a default rating reflects the agency’s opinion as to the most appropriate rating category consistent with the rest of its universe of ratings and may differ from the definition of default under the terms of an issuer’s financial obligations or local commercial practice.

 

The rating takes into consideration special features of the issue, its relationship to other obligations of the issuer, the current and prospective financial condition and operating performance of the issuer and any guarantor, as well as the economic and political environment that might affect the issuer’s future financial strength.

 

Bonds that have the same rating are of similar but not necessarily identical credit quality since the rating categories cannot fully reflect the differences in the degrees of credit risk. Moreover, the character of the risk factor varies from industry to industry and between corporate, health care and municipal obligations.

31 

 

PART C. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 28.Exhibits

 

(a)Articles of Incorporation

 

1.Agreement and Declaration of Trust as filed with the State of Ohio on October 17, 2002 – Filed with Registrant’s initial registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 21, 2002 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Copy of Amendment No. 32 to Agreement and Declaration of Trust as filed with the State of Ohio on May 23, 2019 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)By-laws adopted. As of October 17, 2002 – Filed with Registrant’s initial registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 21, 2002 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(c)Instruments Defining Rights of Security Holders. None.

 

(d)Investment Advisory Contracts.

 

1.Copy of Registrant’s Amended and Restated Management Agreement with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. with regard to the Crawford Dividend Growth Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated May 2, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Financial Counselors, Inc. with regard to the FCI Bond Fund approved June 13, 2005 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated June 15, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Financial Counselors, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the FCI Bond Fund – Filed with the Registrant’s registration statement Form N-1A dated January 26, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Copy of Registrant’s Amended and Restated Management Agreement with Iron Financial, LLC dated November 10, 2008 with regard to the Iron Strategic Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 28, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Amended and Restated Management Agreement with Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. with regard to Appleseed Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 28, 2015 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Appleseed Fund - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 26, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

5. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Symons Capital Management, Inc. with regard to the Symons Value Institutional Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 14, 2006 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Symons Capital Management, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Symons Value Institutional Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Dean Investment Associates, LLC with regard to the Dean Mid Cap Value Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 30, 2012 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Registrant’s Amended and Restated Management Agreement with Dean Investment Associates, LLC with regard to the Dean Mid Cap Value Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 28, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(c)Copy of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Dean Investment Associates, LLC regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Dean Mid Cap Value Fund and Dean Small Cap Value Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 29, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

7.Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Dean Investment Associates, LLC with regard to the Dean Small Cap Value Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 30, 2012 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

8.Copy of amended Subadvisory Agreement between Dean Investment Associates, LLC and Dean Capital Management, LLC with regard to the Dean Mid Cap Value Fund and Dean Small Cap Value Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 28, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

9.Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with SBAuer Funds, LLC with regard to the Auer Growth Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 21, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

10.Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. with regard to the Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated September 17, 2012 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

11. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Miles Capital, Inc. with regard to the Miles Capital Alternatives Advantage Fund –Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 20, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Miles Capital, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Miles Capital Alternatives Advantage Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

12. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 17, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund – Filed with the Registrant’s registration statement Form N-1A dated December 29, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

13. (a)Form of Registrant’s Amended and Restated Management Agreement with Selective Wealth Management, Inc. regarding the Selective Opportunity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 26, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Selective Wealth Management, Inc. regarding the Selective Premium Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 4, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(c)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Selective Wealth Management, Inc. regarding the Selective Premium Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 4, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

14.Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Crawford Dividend Growth Fund, and the Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

15. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Essex Investment Management Company, LLC with regard to the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund – with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Essex Investment Management Company, LLC regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

16. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. with regard to the Crawford Multi-Asset Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated September 12, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. regarding fee waiver and expense reimbursement with respect to the Crawford Multi-Asset Income Fund - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated September 12, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

17. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Silk Invest Limited with regard to the Silk Invest New Horizons Frontier Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 23, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Silk Invest Limited with regard to the Silk Invest New Horizons Frontier Fund - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 23, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

18. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Fisher Investments Institutional Group All Foreign Equity Environmental and Social Values Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC regarding Fisher Investments Institutional Group All Foreign Equity Environmental and Social Values Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

19. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Fisher Investments Institutional Group U.S. Large Cap Equity Environmental and Social Values Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC regarding Fisher Investments Institutional Group U.S. Large Cap Equity Environmental and Social Values Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

20. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Fisher Investments Institutional Group U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC regarding Fisher Investments Institutional Group U.S. Small Cap Equity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 2, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

21.Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Fisher Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Fisher Investments Institutional Group Stock Fund for Retirement Plans, the Fisher Investments Institutional Group ESG Stock Fund for Retirement Plans, the Fisher Investments Institutional Group Fixed Income Fund for Retirement Plans, and the Fisher Investments Institutional Group ESG Fixed Income Fund for Retirement Plans – To be filed.

 

22. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Standpoint Asset Management, LLC with regard to the Standpoint Multi-Asset Fund – To be filed.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Standpoint Asset Management, LLC regarding Standpoint Multi-Asset Income Fund – To be filed.

 

(c)Form of Investment Advisory Agreement between Standpoint Asset Management, LLC and Standpoint Multi-Asset (Cayman) Fund, Ltd. – To be filed.

 

23. (a)Form of Registrant’s Management Agreement with Absolute Investment Advisers LLC with regard to the Absolute Core Strategy ETF – To be filed.

 

(b)Form of Operating Expense Limitation Agreement with Absolute Investment Advisers LLC with regard to the Absolute Core Strategy ETF – To be filed.

 

24.Form of Subadvisory Agreement between Absolute Investment Advisers LLC and St. James Investment Company, LLC with regard to the Absolute Core Strategy ETF – To be filed.

 

(e)Underwriting Contracts.

 

1.Copy of Distribution Agreement between Registrant and Unified Financial Securities, LLC dated February 1, 2019 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Copy of Distribution Agreement between Registrant and Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC dated February 1, 2019 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Copy of Distribution Agreement between Registrant and Northern Lights Distributors, LLC – To be filed.

 

(f)Bonus or Profit Sharing Contracts. None.

 

(g)Custodian Agreements.

 

1.Copy of Registrant’s Custodian Agreement with Huntington National Bank, dated December 18, 2002 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 31, 2002 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2. (a)Copy of Registrant’s Custodian Agreement with U.S. Bank, N.A., dated September 23, 2005 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated September 30, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

(b)Amendment to Custodial Agreement between U.S. Bank, N.A. and Registrant, dated December 2005 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 7, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Copy of Registrant’s Custodian Agreement with MUFG Union Bank, N.A. – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 17, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4.Copy of Registrant’s Custodian Agreement with Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. – To be filed.

 

(h)Other Material Contracts.

 

1.Compliance Services Agreement between Registrant and Buttonwood Compliance Partners, LLC – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 31, 2014 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Registrant’s Investor Class Administrative Services Plan for the Iron Strategic Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 27, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3. (a)Registrant’s Investor Class Administrative Services Plan for the Appleseed Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 27, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Copy of Side Letter Agreement with Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. regarding agreement to waive receipt of payments under the plan relating to the Fund’s Investor Class until January 31, 2019 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 26, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4. (a)Master Services Agreement between Registrant and Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 17, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(b)Amendment to Master Services Agreement between Registrant and Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(c)Amendment to Master Services Agreement between Registrant and Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 26, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

5.Registrant’s Service Class Administrative Services Plan for the Selective Opportunity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 23, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6.Registrant’s Administrative Services Plan for the Selective Premium Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 4, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

7.Registrant’s Administrative Services Plan for the Symons Value Institutional Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(i)Legal Opinion and Consent.

 

1.Legal opinion and consent: The legal opinion was filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and is incorporated herein by reference. The consent of Thompson Hine LLP is to be filed.

 

(j)Other Opinions. Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm – To be filed.

 

(k)Omitted Financial Statements. None.

 

(l)Initial Capital Agreements. Copy of Letter of Investment Intent from Unified Fund Services, Inc., dated December 30, 2002 – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 31, 2002 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(m)Rule 12b-1 Plans.

 

1.Copy of Revised Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan for Crawford Dividend Growth Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated May 2, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan for FCI Bond Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 30, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Appleseed Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 2, 2006 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Auer Growth Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 21, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

 

5.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Investor Class Shares of the Iron Strategic Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 5, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Class C Shares of the Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 28, 2015 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

7.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Investor Class Shares of the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

8.Copy of Rule 12b-1 Distribution Plan with respect to the Investor Class Shares of the Standpoint Multi-Asset Fund – To be filed.

 

(n)Rule 18f-3 Plan.

 

1.Copy of Amended and Restated Rule 18f-3 Plan for Crawford Dividend Growth Fund, and Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 28, 2015 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Copy of Rule 18f-3 Plan for the Appleseed Fund –Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 28, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Copy of Amended and Restated Rule 18f-3 Plan for the Iron Strategic Income Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 13, 2015 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4.Copy of Rule 18f-3 Plan for the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

5.Rule 18f-3 Plan for the Selective Opportunity Fund – Filed with the Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 26, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6.Rule 18f-3 Plan for Standpoint Multi-Asset Fund – To be filed.

 

(o)Reserved.

 

(p)Codes of Ethics.

 

1.Registrant’s Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A on March 29, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Code of Ethics for Senior Executive Officers – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 29, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Code of Ethics adopted by Unified Financial Securities, LLC and Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC, as distributors to Registrant – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A on December 2, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4.Dean Investment Associates, LLC and Dean Financial Services, LLC Code of Ethics and Insider Trading Policy - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

5.Silk Invest Limited Code of Ethics and Insider Trading Policy - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 25, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6.Selective Wealth Management, Inc. Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 19, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

7.Essex Investment Management Company, LLC Code of Ethics - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

8.Fisher Asset Management, LLC Code of Ethics - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

9.Symons Capital Management, Inc. Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

10.Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. Code of Ethics - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 25, 2019 and incorporated by reference.

 

11.Financial Counselors, Inc. Code of Ethics- Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 25, 2019 and incorporated by reference.

 

 

12.Iron Financial, LLC Code of Ethics - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 25, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

13.SBAuer Funds, LLC Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 29, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

14.Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 26, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

15.Miles Capital, Inc. Code of Ethics – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 26, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

16.Standpoint Asset Management, LLC Code of Ethics – To be filed.

 

17.Absolute Investment Advisers LLC Code of Ethics – To be filed.

 

18.St. James Investment Company, LLC Code of Ethics – To be filed.

 

19.Code of Ethics adopted by Northern Lights Distributors, LLC – To be filed.

 

(q)Proxy Voting Policies.

 

1.Registrant’s Revised Proxy Voting Policy – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 1, 2011 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

2.Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 29, 2003 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

3.Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by Financial Counselors, Inc. with regard to each of the FCI Funds – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated June 15, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

4.Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. as adviser to Appleseed Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated October 2, 2006 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

5.Updated Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by Symons Capital Management, Inc. as adviser to Symons Value Institutional Fund– Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated April 1, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

6.Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by Dean Investment Associates, LLC as adviser to the Dean Funds – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated March 7, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

7.Proxy Voting Policy and Procedures adopted by SBAuer Funds, LLC as adviser to the Auer Growth Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 21, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

8.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Miles Capital, Inc. as adviser to the Miles Capital Alternatives Advantage Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 20, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

10.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Fisher Asset Management, LLC as adviser to the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund and each of the Fisher Investments Institutional Group Funds – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated December 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

11.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Selective Wealth Management, LLC as adviser to the Selective Opportunity Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated January 6, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

12.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Essex Investment Management Company, LLC as adviser to the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund – Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated August 28, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

13.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Silk Invest Limited as adviser to Silk Invest New Horizons Frontier Fund - Filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated February 23, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.

 

14.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Standpoint Asset Management, LLC as adviser to Standpoint Multi-Asset Fund – To be filed.

 

 

15.Proxy Voting Policy adopted by Absolute Investment Advisers, LLC as adviser to Absolute Core Strategy ETF – To be filed.

 

Item 29.Persons Controlled by or Under Common Control with Registrant

 

MTC Holding Corporation owns 100% of Midwest Trust Company, which as of December 31, 2018 owned 95.51% of the FCI Bond Fund. MTC Holding Corporation also owns 100% of FCI Holding Co., which owns 100% of Financial Counselors, Inc. (the Fund’s investment adviser). Bradley Bergman owns directly or indirectly over 74% of MTC Holding Corporation. As a result, the FCI Bond Fund may be deemed to be under common control with its investment adviser. Each of the above-named companies is organized under the laws of Kansas.

 

The Dean Funds’ investment adviser, Dean Investment Associates LLC, is wholly owned by C.H. Dean, LLC, which is wholly owned by The C.H. Dean Companies, LLC. The Funds’ sub-adviser, Dean Capital Management, LLC, is controlled, by virtue of a 30% ownership in the sub-adviser, by C.H. Dean LLC.  Dennis Dean and Terence Dean are deemed to control The C.H. Dean Companies, LLC and its wholly owned subsidiary, C.H. Dean, LLC by virtue of their controlling ownership interest in the companies.  As of June 30, 2019, The C.H. Dean Companies, LLC owned 9.19%, Dennis Dean beneficially owned 12.33% and Terence Dean beneficially owned 12.63% of the Dean Mid Cap Fund.  As a result, the Dean Mid Cap Fund may be deemed to be under common control with its investment adviser and sub-adviser. Each of the above-named companies is organized under the laws of Ohio.

 

Fisher Asset Management, LLC, d/b/a Fisher Investments is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the holding company Fisher Investments, Inc. Mr. Fisher is the founder, Chairman, and Co-Chief Investment Officer of the Adviser, and is the majority shareholder of Fisher Investments, Inc. As such, he controls the Adviser. As of the commencement of operations of the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund, the Adviser owned close to 100% of the shares of the Fund, and it is anticipated that substantially all of the shares of the Fund will be owned either by the Adviser or by clients of the Adviser as to whose accounts the Adviser has discretionary investment and voting authority. As a result, the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund may be deemed to be under common control with its investment adviser. Fisher Asset Management, LLC is organized under the laws of Delaware and Fisher Investments, Inc. is organized under the laws of California.

 

Mr. Christopher Devlin is the Managing Member and majority shareholder of the Adviser, Selective Wealth Management, Inc.  As of March 31, 2019 more than 25% of the shares of the Selective Opportunity Fund were owned either by the Adviser or by clients of the Adviser as to whose accounts the Adviser has discretionary investment and voting authority and it is anticipated that this will be the case in the future.  As a result, the Selective Opportunity Fund and the Adviser may be deemed to be under common control.   Selective Wealth Management, Inc. is organized under the laws of Delaware.

 

Mr. Joseph McNay is Managing Member, Chairman, and 44% owner of the Adviser, Essex Investment Management Company, LLC, and, as of August 31, 2018, owned 80.23% of Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund (the “Essex Fund”). As a result, the Essex Fund may be deemed to be under common control with Essex Investment Management Company, LLC, which is organized under the laws of Delaware.

 

Mr. John H. Crawford, III, Mr. John H. Crawford, IV, and Mr. David B. Crawford each own more than 25% of the Crawford Funds’ investment adviser, Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. As such, they control the Adviser. As of March 31, 2019 more than 25% of the shares of the Fund were owned either by the Adviser or by clients of the Adviser as to whose accounts the Adviser has discretionary investment and voting authority and it is anticipated that this will be the case in the future. As a result, the Crawford Dividend Growth Fund, the Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund, and the Crawford Multi-Asset Income Fund may be deemed to be under common control with Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc., which is organized under the laws of Georgia.

 

Item 30.Indemnification.

 

Article VI, Section 6.4 of the Declaration of Trust of Unified Series Trust, an Ohio business trust, provides that:

 

Indemnification of Trustees, Officers, etc. Subject to and except as otherwise provided in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the 1940 Act, the Trust shall indemnify each of its Trustees and officers (including persons who serve at the Trust’s request as directors, officers or trustees of another organization in which the Trust has any interest as a shareholder, creditor or otherwise (hereinafter referred to as a “Covered Person”) against all liabilities, including but not limited to amounts paid in satisfaction of judgments, in compromise or as fines and penalties, and expenses, including reasonable accountants’ and counsel fees, incurred by any Covered Person in connection with the defense or disposition of any action, suit or other proceeding, whether civil or criminal, before any court or administrative or legislative body, in which such Covered Person may be or may have been involved as a party or otherwise or with which such person may be or may have been threatened, while in office or thereafter, by reason of being or having been such a Trustee or officer, director or trustee, and except that no Covered Person shall be indemnified against any liability to the Trust or its Shareholders to which such Covered Person would otherwise be subject by reason of willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such Covered Person’s office.

 

 

 

The Distribution Agreement with Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC provides that the Trust, on behalf of each Fund, agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Distributor and each person who has been, is, or may hereafter be a director, officer, employee, shareholder or control person of Distributor against any loss, damage or expense (including the reasonable costs of investigation and reasonable attorneys' fees) reasonably incurred by any of them in connection with the matters to which the Agreement relates, except a loss resulting from the failure of Distributor or any such other person to comply with applicable law or the terms of this Agreement, or from willful misfeasance, bad faith or negligence, including clerical errors and mechanical failures, on the part of any of such persons in the performance of Distributor's duties or from the reckless disregard by any of such persons of Distributor's obligations and duties under this Agreement, for all of which exceptions Distributor shall be liable to the Trust.

 

The Distribution Agreement with Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC further provides that the Distributor agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Trust and each person who has been, is, or may hereafter be a Trustee, officer, employee, shareholder or control person of the Trust against any loss, damage or expense (including the reasonable costs of investigation and reasonable attorneys' fees) reasonably incurred by any of them in connection with any claim or in connection with any action, suit or proceeding to which any of them may be a party, which arises out of or is alleged to arise out of or is based upon (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact, or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact necessary to make the statements not misleading, on the part of Distributor or any agent or employee of Distributor or any other person for whose acts Distributor is responsible, unless such statement or omission was made in reliance upon written information furnished by the Trust; (ii) Distributor's failure to exercise reasonable care and diligence with respect to its services, if any, rendered in connection with investment, reinvestment, automatic withdrawal and other plans for Shares; and (iii) Distributor's failure to comply with applicable laws and the Rules of FINRA.

 

The Distribution Agreement with Unified Financial Securities, LLC provides that the Trust, on behalf of each Fund, agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Distributor and each person who has been, is, or may hereafter be a director, officer, employee, shareholder or control person of Distributor against any loss, damage or expense (including the reasonable costs of investigation and reasonable attorneys' fees) reasonably incurred by any of them in connection with the matters to which the Agreement relates, except a loss resulting from the failure of Distributor or any such other person to comply with applicable law or the terms of this Agreement, or from willful misfeasance, bad faith or negligence, including clerical errors and mechanical failures, on the part of any of such persons in the performance of Distributor's duties or from the reckless disregard by any of such persons of Distributor's obligations and duties under this Agreement, for all of which exceptions Distributor shall be liable to the Trust. The Trust will advance attorneys' fees or other expenses incurred by any such person in defending a proceeding, upon the undertaking by or on behalf of such person to repay the advance if it is ultimately determined that such person is not entitled to indemnification.

 

The Distribution Agreement with Unified Financial Securities, LLC further provides that the Distributor will indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Trust, the Trust's several officers and Trustees and any person who controls the Trust within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act, from and against any losses, claims, damages or liabilities. joint or several. to which any of them may become subject under the 1933 Act or otherwise, insofar as such losses, claims, damages, liabilities (or actions or proceedings in respect hereof) arise out of or are based upon, any breach of its representations and warranties in the Agreement, or which arise out of or are based upon, any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement, the Prospectuses, any Blue Sky Application or any application or other document executed by or on behalf of the Trust, or the omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, which statement or omission was made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Trust or any or its several officers and Trustees by. or on behalf of, and with respect to, the Distributor specifically for inclusion therein, and will reimburse the Trust, the Trust's several officers and Trustees, and any person who controls the Trust within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act, for any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by any of them in investigating. defending or preparing to defend any such action, proceeding or claim.

 

The Registrant may maintain a standard trustees and officers liability policy. The policy, if maintained, would provide coverage to the Registrant, its trustees and officers, and may cover the advisers and their affiliates, among others. Coverage under the policy would include losses by reason of any act, error, omission, misstatement, misleading statement, neglect or breach of duty.

 

Item 31.Business and Other Connections of the Investment Advisers.

 

1.Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc. (“Crawford”) serves as the investment adviser for the Crawford Dividend Growth Fund, the Crawford Dividend Opportunity Fund, and Crawford Multi-Asset Income Fund, each a series of the Trust. John H. Crawford III serves as Founder, Chief Investment Officer and Portfolio Manager of Crawford. Further information about Crawford can be obtained from the Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

2.Dean Investment Associates, LLC (“Dean”), serves as investment adviser to the Dean Funds. Stephen M. Miller serves as President and Chief Operating Officer of Dean, and each of Debra E. Rindler and Pamela Miller are executive officers. Further information about Dean can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

 

3.Dean Capital Management, LLC (“DCM”), serves as sub-adviser to the Dean Funds. Douglas Leach and Steven Roth serve as portfolio managers and are owners and members of Dean Capital Management, LLC. Further information about DCM can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

4.Financial Counselors, Inc. (“FCI”) serves as the investment adviser to the FCI Bond Fund. Mr. Roy E. Wiley serves as President, Owner and Chief Compliance Officer of FCI. Further information about FCI can be obtained from the Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

5.Iron Financial, LLC serves as investment adviser to the Iron Strategic Income Fund. Mr. Aaron Izenstark is the President and Mr. Richard Lakin is the Chief Compliance Officer of Iron Financial. Further information about Iron Financial can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

6.Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. (“Pekin”) serves as investment adviser to the Appleseed Fund. Brandon Hardy, William Pekin, Adam Strauss, Joshua Strauss and Patrick Herrington all are executive officers. Further information about Pekin can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

7.Symons Capital Management, Inc. (“Symons”) serves as the investment adviser for the Symons Fund. Edward L. Symons, Jr. is the Director, Chairman and Founder, Colin E. Symons, CFA, is a Director, Chief Investment Officer, and Vicki Lynn Ellis and Frank L. Fournier each are executive officers of Symons. Further information about Symons can be obtained from the Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

8.SBAuer Funds, LLC (“SBA”) serves as investment adviser to the Auer Growth Fund. Mr. David Gilreath and Mr. Ronald Brock are executive officers of SBA and members of Sheaff Brock Investment Advisors, LLC. Further information about SBA and Sheaff Brock can be obtained from their respective Forms ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

9.Miles Capital, Inc. (“Miles”) serves as adviser to the Miles Capital Alternatives Advantage Fund. David Miles is the Chairman of Miles and Gregory Boal is the Chief Executive Officer of Miles. Further information about Miles can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

10.Fisher Asset Management, LLC d/b/a Fisher Investments, the adviser to the Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund and each of the Fisher Investments Institutional Group Funds, provides investment advisory services for large corporations, pension plans, endowments, foundations, governmental agencies and individuals. To the knowledge of Registrant, none of the directors or officers of Fisher Investments is or has been at any time during the past two fiscal years engaged in any other business, profession, vocation or employment of a substantial nature. Further information about Fisher Asset Management can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

11.Essex Investment Management Company, LLC (“Essex”) serves as the adviser to the Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund. Joseph McNay is Managing Member and Chairman, and controlling owner of Essex. Stephen Cutler, Michael McCarthy, Nancy B. Prial and Robert J. Uek are each executive officers of Essex. Further information about Essex can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

12.Selective Wealth Management, Inc. (“Selective Wealth”) serves as the adviser to the Selective Opportunity Fund and the Selective Premium Income Fund. Selective Wealth is owned and controlled by Christopher Devlin. Further information about Selective Wealth can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

13.Silk Invest Limited (“Silk Invest”) serves as the adviser to the Silk Invest New Horizons Frontier Fund. Silk Investment Management Ltd. is a majority owner of Silk Invest. Zin El Abidin Bekkali owns a controlling interest in Silk Investment Management Ltd. Mr. Bekkali is also the Chief Executive Officer & Group CIO of Silk Invest. Further information about Silk Invest can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

14.Standpoint Asset Management, LLC (“Standpoint”) serves as the adviser to the Standpoint Multi-Asset Income Fund. Standpoint Group, LLC is the majority owner of Standpoint. Eric Crittenden, William Bologna, Courtney Stover, Shan Serikov, and Matthew Kaplan, who are operators and employees of Standpoint, own Standpoint Group, LLC. Further information about Standpoint can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

15.Absolute Investment Advisers LLC (“Absolute”) serves as the adviser to the Absolute Core Strategy ETF. Absolute is owned and controlled by James Compson, Brian Hlidek, Christian Aymond and Anthony Bosch, who are employees of Absolute. Further information about Absolute can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

16.St. James Investment Company, LLC (“St. James”) serves as the subadviser to the Absolute Core Strategy ETF. St. James is owned and controlled by Robert Mark through Sibelius Holdings, LLC of which he is the sole controlling member, and Larry Redell. Further information about St. James can be obtained from its Form ADV Part I available on the IAPD.

 

 

Item 32.Principal Underwriters.

 

(a)Unified Financial Securities, LLC is the principal underwriter for some series of the Trust. Unified Financial Securities, LLC serves as a principal underwriter for the following investment companies registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended: Yorktown Funds, Bruce Fund, Inc., Commonwealth International Series Trust, Capitol Series Trust, Unified Series Trust, Valued Advisers Trust, Cross Shore Discovery Fund, and HC Capital Trust.

 

(b)The officers of Unified Financial Securities, LLC. are as follows:

 

Name Position with Distributor

Position with

Registrant

Kevin M. Guerette1 President None
Douglas K. Jones1 Vice President None
Karen E. Cunningham2 Assistant Vice President and Financial Operations Principal None
Stephen L. Preston1 Vice President, CCO, and AML Compliance Officer AML Officer
Melvin Van Cleave1 Vice President, Chief Technology Officer, and Chief Information Security Officer None
1The principal business address of this individual is 225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450, Cincinnati, OH 45246.

2The principal business address of this individual is 9465 Counselors Row, Suite 200, Indianapolis, IN 46240.

 

(c)Not applicable.

 

2. (a)Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC is the principal underwriter for some series of the Trust. Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC serves as a principal underwriter for the following investment companies registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended:

 

AlphaMark Investment Trust

Alta Quality Growth Fund iv

Belmont Theta Income Fund iii

CM Advisors Family of Funds

Caldwell Orkin Funds, Inc.

Centaur Mutual Funds Trust

Chesapeake Investment Trust

Conestoga Funds

Essex Environmental Opportunities Fund i

Eubel Brady & Suttman Mutual Fund Trust

FSI Low Beta Absolute Return Fund ii

First Western Funds Trust

Hedeker Strategic Appreciation Fund iv

Hussman Investment Trust

Oak Associates Funds

Papp Investment Trust

Peachtree Alternative Strategies Fund ii

Reynders, McVeigh Core Equity iv

Selective Opportunity Fund i

Selective Premium Income Fund i

Schwartz Investment Trust

Silk Invest New Horizons Frontier Fund i

Tactical Multi-Purpose Fund i

The Chartwell Funds

The Cutler Trust

The Investment House Funds

Williamsburg Investment Trust

Wilshire Mutual Funds, Inc.

Wilshire Variable Insurance Trust

Ultimus Managers Trust

 

 

 

 

 

i Part of UST

ii Closed End Funds

iii Part of VAT

iv Part of Capitol Series Trust

 

(b)The officers of Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC are as follows:

 

Name Position with Distributor

Position with

Registrant

Kevin M. Guerette President None
Douglas K. Jones Vice President None
Kurt B. Krebs Vice President, CFO, Treasurer and Financial Operations Principal None
Stephen L. Preston Vice President, CCO, and AML Compliance Officer AML Officer
Melvin Van Cleave Vice President, Chief Technology Officer, and Chief Information Security Officer None

 

 

The address of the Distributor and each of the above-named persons is 225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450, Cincinnati, Ohio 45246.

 

(c)Not applicable.

 

3. (a)Northern Lights Distributors, LLC is the principal underwriter for some series of the Trust. Norther Lights Distributors serves as a principal underwriter for the following investment companies registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended: AdvisorOne Funds, Arrow DWA Tactical ETF, Arrow QVM Equity Factor ETF, Arrow Reserve Capital Management ETF, Arrow ETF Trust, Centerstone Investors Trust, Copeland Trust, Equinox Funds Trust, Forethought Variable Insurance Trust, Miller Investment Trust, Multi-Strategy Growth & Income Fund, Mutual Fund and Variable Insurance Trust, Mutual Fund Series Trust, Neiman Funds, Nile Capital Investment Trust, North Country Funds, Northern Lights Fund Trust, Northern Lights Fund Trust II, Northern Lights Fund Trust III, Northern Lights Fund Trust IV, Northern Lights Variable Trust, OCM Mutual Fund, PREDEX, The Saratoga Advantage Trust, Total Income+ Real Estate Fund, Tributary Funds, Inc., Two Roads Shared Trust, Unified Series Trust and Vertical Capital Income Fund.

 

(b)The officers of Northern Lights Distributors, LLC are as follows:

 

Name Position with Distributor

Position with

Registrant

Brian Nielsen Chief Executive Officer and Secretary None
Bill Wostoupal President None
Daniel Applegarth Treasurer/ FINOP None
Mike Nielsen Chief Compliance Officer and AML Compliance Officer None
Bill Strait General Counsel None

 

(c)Not applicable.

 

Item 33.Location of Accounts and Records.

 

Ultimus Fund Solutions, LLC 

225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450 

Cincinnati, OH 45246

 

Ultimus Asset Services, LLC 

225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450 

Cincinnati, OH 45246

 

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. 

50 Post Office Square 

Boston, MA 02110

 

Will maintain physical possession of the accounts, books, and other documents required to be maintained by Rule 31a-(b)(1), 31a-1(b) (2), and 31a-1(b)(4) through 31a-1(b)(11).

 

Huntington National Bank

41 South High Street

Columbus, OH 43215

 

U.S. Bank, National Association

1555 N. Rivercenter Drive 

Milwaukee, WI 53212

 

MUFG Union Bank, N.A. 

350 California Street, Suite 2018 

San Francisco, CA 94104

 

Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. 

50 Post Office Square 

Boston, MA 02110

 

 

Will maintain physical possession of accounts, books, and other documents required to be maintained by Rule 31(b)(3) for each separate series for which the entity acts as custodian.

 

Unified Financial Securities, LLC

9465 Counselors Row, Suite 200 

Indianapolis, IN 46240

 

Ultimus Fund Distributors, LLC 

225 Pictoria Drive, Suite 450 

Cincinnati, OH 45246

 

Will maintain physical possession of the accounts, books, and other documents required to be maintained by a principal underwriter under by Rule 31a-1(d) for each separate series for which the entity acts as principal underwriter.

 

Pekin Hardy Strauss, Inc. 

161 N. Clark Street, Suite 2200 

Chicago, IL 60601

 

SB Auer Funds, LLC
8801 River Crossing Blvd., Suite 100
Indianapolis, IN 46240

 

Crawford Investment Counsel, Inc.

600 Galleria Parkway SE 

Suite 1650 

Atlanta, GA 30339

 

Dean Investment Associates, LLC

3500 Pentagon Blvd., Suite 200 

Beavercreek, OH 45431

 

Dean Capital Management, LLC

7400 West 130th Street, Suite 350

Overland Park, KS 66213

 

Essex Investment Management Company, LLC 

125 High Street, 18th Floor 

Boston, MA 02110

 

Financial Counselors, Inc. 

5901 College Blvd., Suite 110 

Overland Park, KS 66211

 

Fisher Asset Management, LLC 

5525 NW Fisher Creek Drive 

Camas, WA 98607

 

Iron Financial, LLC 630

Dundee Rd., Suite 200 

Northbrook, IL 60062

 

Miles Capital, Inc. 

1415 28th Street, Suite 200 West

Des Moines, IA 50266

 

Silk Invest Limited 

68 Lombard Street 

London, EC3V 9LJ

 

Symons Capital Management, Inc. 

650 Washington Road, Suite 800 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15228

 

 

 

Selective Wealth Management, Inc. 

828 Main St., Suite 1101 

Lynchburg, VA 24504

 

Standpoint Asset Management, LLC 

4250 Drinkwater Blvd., Suite 300 

Scottsdale, AZ 85251

 

Absolute Investment Advisers LLC 

4 North Street, Suite 2 

Hingham, MA 02043

 

St. James Investment Company, LLC 

3838 Oak Lawn Avenue, Suite 1414 

Dallas, TX 75219

 

Each adviser (or sub-adviser) will maintain physical possession of the accounts, books and other documents required to be maintained by Rule 31a-1(f) at the address listed above for each separate series of the Trust that the adviser manages.

 

Item 34.Management Services - None.

 

Item 35.Undertakings

 

Registrant hereby undertakes, if requested by the holders of at least 10% of the Registrant’s outstanding shares, to call a meeting of shareholders for the purpose of voting upon the question of removal of a trustee(s) and to assist in communications with other shareholders in accordance with Section 16(c) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as though Section 16(c) applied.

 

Registrant hereby undertakes to furnish each person to whom a prospectus is delivered with a copy of its latest annual report to shareholders, upon request and without charge.

 

Registrant hereby undertakes to carry out all indemnification provisions of its Declaration of Trust in accordance with Investment Company Act Release No. 11330 (Sept. 4, 1980) and successor releases.

 

Insofar as indemnifications for liability arising under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“1933 Act”), may be permitted to trustees, officers and controlling person of the Registrant pursuant to the provision under Item 30 herein, or otherwise, the Registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the 1933 Act and is unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the 1933 Act and will be governed by the final adjudication.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, and the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Fund has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereto duly authorized, in the City of Cincinnati and the State of Ohio on September 5, 2019.

 

  UNIFIED SERIES TRUST  
       
  By: /s/ David R. Carson*  
    David R. Carson, President  

 

Attest:

 

By: /s/ Zachary Richmond*+  
  Zachary Richmond, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer  

  

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities and on the date indicated.

 

Signature   Title     Date
     

/s/ David R. Carson*

  President September 5, 2019
David R. Carson      
     

/s/ Zachary Richmond*

  Treasurer and CFO September 5, 2019
Zachary Richmond      
     

/s/ Daniel Condon*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Daniel Condon      
     

/s/ Gary E. Hippenstiel*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Gary E. Hippenstiel      
     

/s/ Stephen Little*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Stephen Little      
     

/s/ Ronald Tritschler*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Ronald Tritschler      
     

/s/ Nancy V. Kelly*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Nancy V. Kelly      
     

/s/ Kenneth Grant*

  Trustee September 5, 2019
Kenneth Grant      
       
* /s/ Elisabeth A. Dahl      
Elisabeth A. Dahl, Attorney in Fact

   

*Signed pursuant to a Power of Attorney dated May 14, 2018 (+and May 17, 2018) and filed with Registrant’s registration statement on Form N-1A dated July 27, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.