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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 31, 2023
OR
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________
Commission File Number: 001-31892
_______________________________________________________________________
TD SYNNEX_Logo_Standard.jpg
TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________________________________________________
Delaware94-2703333
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification Number)
44201 Nobel Drive, Fremont, California
94538
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(510) 656-3333
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareSNXThe New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filero
Non-accelerated fileroSmaller reporting companyo
Emerging growth companyo
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
Outstanding as of September 26, 2023
Common Stock, $0.001 par value92,350,919


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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
Page
Item 2.
Item 5.
45
2

Table of Contents
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements
TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(currency and share amounts in thousands, except par value)
(unaudited)
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$1,250,872 $522,604 
Accounts receivable, net8,892,130 9,420,999 
Receivables from vendors, net822,284 819,135 
Inventories7,462,162 9,066,620 
Other current assets741,052 671,507 
Total current assets19,168,500 20,500,865 
Property and equipment, net437,017 421,064 
Goodwill3,883,425 3,803,850 
Intangible assets, net4,313,828 4,422,877 
Other assets, net701,824 585,342 
Total assets$28,504,594 $29,733,998 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Borrowings, current$939,713 $268,128 
Accounts payable12,485,180 13,988,980 
Other accrued liabilities2,107,129 2,171,613 
Total current liabilities15,532,022 16,428,721 
Long-term borrowings3,139,469 3,835,665 
Other long-term liabilities505,202 501,856 
Deferred tax liabilities960,153 942,250 
Total liabilities20,136,846 21,708,492 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000 shares authorized, 99,012 and 98,696 shares issued as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively
99 99 
Additional paid-in capital7,441,649 7,374,100 
Treasury stock, 6,978 and 4,049 shares as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively
(622,160)(337,217)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(500,538)(719,710)
Retained earnings2,048,698 1,708,234 
Total stockholders' equity8,367,748 8,025,506 
Total liabilities and equity$28,504,594 $29,733,998 
(Amounts may not add or compute due to rounding)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).
3

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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(currency and share amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Revenue$13,960,615 $15,356,085 $43,148,110 $46,095,853 
Cost of revenue(12,989,342)(14,440,055)(40,209,860)(43,255,373)
Gross profit971,273 916,030 2,938,250 2,840,480 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(659,454)(628,078)(1,987,375)(1,951,503)
Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs(71,586)(46,418)(159,597)(172,266)
Operating income240,233 241,534 791,278 716,711 
Interest expense and finance charges, net(67,703)(52,119)(222,188)(142,430)
Other expense, net(2,371)(1,852)(6,691)(12,375)
Income before income taxes170,159 187,563 562,399 561,906 
Provision for income taxes(30,897)(38,728)(123,030)(131,830)
Net income$139,262 $148,835 $439,369 $430,076 
Earnings per common share:
Basic$1.49 $1.55 $4.67 $4.48 
Diluted$1.49 $1.55 $4.66 $4.47 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
Basic92,590 95,115 93,400 95,355 
Diluted92,881 95,407 93,676 95,648 
(Amounts may not add or compute due to rounding)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).
4

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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(currency in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Net income$139,262 $148,835 $439,369 $430,076 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Unrealized gains on cash flow hedges during the period, net of tax expense of $0 and ($2,621) for the three months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and ($235) and ($9,043) for the nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
 8,024 702 27,654 
Reclassification of net (gains) losses on cash flow hedges to net income, net of tax expense (benefit) of $880 and ($1,367) for the three months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $1,766 and ($6,051) for the nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
(2,756)4,185 (5,453)18,499 
Total change in unrealized (losses) gains on cash flow hedges, net of taxes(2,756)12,209 (4,751)46,153 
Foreign currency translation adjustments and other, net of tax benefit (expense) of $2,807 and $22 for the three months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $6,355 and ($84) for the nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
77,802 (336,271)224,501 (503,837)
Reclassification of net foreign currency translation adjustment realized upon sale of foreign subsidiary, net of tax expense of $0 for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023
(578) (578) 
Other comprehensive income (loss)74,468 (324,062)219,172 (457,684)
Comprehensive income (loss)$213,730 $(175,227)$658,541 $(27,608)
(Amounts may not add or compute due to rounding)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).
5

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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(currency in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Total Stockholders' equity, beginning balance$8,268,770 $7,981,665 $8,025,506 $7,905,975 
Common stock and additional paid-in capital:
Beginning balance7,422,815 7,315,762 7,374,199 7,271,435 
Share-based compensation20,442 19,554 63,724 59,809 
Common stock issued and treasury stock reissued for employee benefit plans
(1,509)1,944 3,825 6,016 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest 2,640  2,640 
Ending balance7,441,748 7,339,900 7,441,748 7,339,900 
Treasury stock:
Beginning balance(521,157)(259,800)(337,217)(201,139)
Repurchases of common stock for tax withholdings on equity awards(828)(105)(8,593)(5,986)
Reissuance of treasury stock for employee benefit plans3,803  3,803  
Repurchases of common stock(103,978)(30,256)(280,153)(83,036)
Ending balance(622,160)(290,161)(622,160)(290,161)
Retained earnings:
Beginning balance1,942,118 1,395,519 1,708,234 1,171,873 
Net income139,262 148,835 439,369 430,076 
Cash dividends declared(32,682)(28,561)(98,905)(86,156)
Ending balance2,048,698 1,515,793 2,048,698 1,515,793 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
Beginning balance(575,006)(469,816)(719,710)(336,194)
Other comprehensive income (loss)74,468 (324,062)219,172 (457,684)
Ending balance(500,538)(793,878)(500,538)(793,878)
Total stockholders' equity, ending balance$8,367,748 $7,771,654 $8,367,748 $7,771,654 
Cash dividends declared per share$0.35 $0.30 $1.05 $0.90 
(Amounts may not add or compute due to rounding)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(currency in thousands)
(unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$439,369 $430,076 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization314,917 356,643 
Share-based compensation63,724 59,809 
Provision for doubtful accounts30,338 26,270 
Other(5,505)6,988 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net724,701 (272,668)
Receivables from vendors, net11,933 113,467 
Inventories1,704,394 (3,353,991)
Accounts payable(1,777,131)2,220,907 
Other operating assets and liabilities(310,035)60,706 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities1,196,705 (351,793)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(107,417)(78,522)
Other(5,740)1,541 
Net cash used in investing activities(113,157)(76,981)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Dividends paid(98,905)(86,156)
Repurchases of common stock(277,760)(83,036)
Net (repayments) borrowings on revolving credit loans(27,457)81,992 
Principal payments on long term debt(52,746)(71,411)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock and reissuances of treasury stock7,628 6,016 
Repurchases of common stock for tax withholdings on equity awards(8,593)(5,986)
Borrowings on long-term debt51,837  
Other375 (665)
Net cash used in financing activities(405,621)(159,246)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash50,089 (55,916)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash728,016 (643,936)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period522,856 994,913 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$1,250,872 $350,977 
(Amounts may not add or compute due to rounding)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)

NOTE 1—ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION:
TD SYNNEX Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, herein referred to as “SYNNEX”, "TD SYNNEX" or the “Company”) is a leading global distributor and solutions aggregator for the information technology ("IT") ecosystem, headquartered in Fremont, California and Clearwater, Florida and has operations in North and South America, Europe and Asia-Pacific and Japan. The Company operates in three reportable segments based on its geographic regions: the Americas, Europe and Asia-Pacific and Japan ("APJ").
On March 22, 2021, SYNNEX entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) which provided that legacy SYNNEX Corporation would acquire legacy Tech Data Corporation, a Florida corporation ("Tech Data") through a series of mergers, which would result in Tech Data becoming an indirect subsidiary of TD SYNNEX Corporation (collectively, the "Merger"). On September 1, 2021, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company acquired all the outstanding shares of common stock of Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation, the parent corporation of Tech Data, for consideration of $1.6 billion in cash ($1.1 billion in cash after giving effect to a $500.0 million equity contribution by Tiger Parent Holdings, L.P., Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation's sole stockholder and an affiliate of Apollo Global Management, Inc., to Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation prior to the effective time of the Merger) and 44 million shares of common stock of SYNNEX valued at approximately $5.6 billion. The combined company is referred to as TD SYNNEX.
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, majority-owned subsidiaries in which no substantive participating rights are held by minority stockholders and variable interest entities if the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The Company operates on a fiscal year that ends on November 30.
The accompanying interim unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements as of August 31, 2023 and for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022 have been prepared by the Company, without audit, in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States ("U.S.") Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in the United States have been condensed or omitted in accordance with such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to state fairly the financial position of the Company and its results of operations and cash flows as of and for the periods presented. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2022.
Interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of financial results for a full year, and the Company makes no representations related thereto. Certain columns and rows may not add or compute due to the use of rounded numbers.
NOTE 2—SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:
For a discussion of the Company’s significant accounting policies, refer to the discussion in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2022.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. The Company evaluates these estimates on a regular basis and bases them on historical experience and on various assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable. Actual results could differ from the estimates.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, receivables from vendors and derivative instruments.
The Company’s cash and cash equivalents and derivative instruments are transacted and maintained with financial institutions with high credit standing, and their compositions and maturities are regularly monitored by management. Through August 31, 2023, the Company has not experienced any material credit losses on such deposits and derivative instruments.
Accounts receivable include amounts due from customers, including related party customers. Receivables from vendors, net, includes amounts due from original equipment manufacturer ("OEM") vendors primarily in the technology industry. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and limits the amount of credit extended when deemed necessary, but generally requires no collateral. The Company also maintains allowances for expected credit losses. In estimating the required allowances, the Company takes into consideration the overall quality and aging of its receivable portfolio, the existence of credit insurance and specifically identified customer and vendor risks.
The following table provides revenue generated from products purchased from vendors that exceeded 10% of our consolidated revenue for the periods indicated (as a percent of consolidated revenue):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Apple, Inc.10 %12 %10 %11 %
Cisco Systems, Inc.10 %
N/A (1)
N/A (1)
N/A (1)
HP Inc.10 %10 %
N/A (1)
10 %
_________________________
(1) Revenue generated from products purchased from this vendor was less than 10% of consolidated revenue during the period presented.
One customer accounted for 11% of the Company's total revenue during both the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023. One customer accounted for 12% of the Company's total revenue during the three months ended August 31, 2022. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company's total revenue during the nine months ended August 31, 2022. As of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, no single customer comprised more than 10% of the consolidated accounts receivable balance.
Accounts Receivable

The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts as an estimate to cover the future expected credit losses resulting from uncertainty regarding collections from customers or OEM vendors to make payments for outstanding balances. In estimating the required allowance, the Company takes into consideration historical credit losses, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Adjustments to historical loss information are made for differences in current conditions as well as changes in forecasted macroeconomic conditions, such as changes in unemployment rates or gross domestic product growth. Expected credit losses are estimated on a pool basis when similar risk characteristics exist using an age-based reserve model. Receivables that do not share risk characteristics are evaluated on an individual basis.

The Company has uncommitted supply-chain financing programs with global financial institutions under which trade accounts receivable of certain customers and their affiliates may be acquired, without recourse, by the financial institutions. Available capacity under these programs is dependent on the level of the Company’s trade accounts receivable with these customers and the financial institutions’ willingness to purchase such receivables. In addition, certain of these programs also require that the Company continue to service, administer and collect the sold accounts receivable. As of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, accounts receivable sold to and held by the financial institutions under these programs were $834.5 million and $1.4 billion, respectively. Discount fees related to the sale of trade accounts receivable under these facilities are included in “Interest expense and finance charges, net” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Discount fees for these programs totaled $12.5 million and $36.2 million in the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, respectively, and $5.0 million and $11.9 million in the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022, respectively.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Seasonality
The Company's operating results are affected by the seasonality of the IT products industry. The Company has historically experienced slightly higher sales in the first and fourth fiscal quarters due to patterns in capital budgeting, federal government spending and purchasing cycles of its customers and end-users. These historical patterns may not be repeated in subsequent periods.
Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue primarily from the sale of various IT products.
The Company recognizes revenues from the sale of IT hardware and software as control is transferred to customers, which is at the point in time when the product is shipped or delivered. The Company accounts for a contract with a customer when it has written approval, the contract is committed, the rights of the parties, including payment terms, are identified, the contract has commercial substance and consideration is probable of collection. Binding purchase orders from customers together with agreement to the Company's terms and conditions of sale by way of an executed agreement or other signed documents are considered to be the contract with a customer. Products sold by the Company are delivered via shipment from the Company’s facilities, drop-shipment directly from the vendor, or by electronic delivery of software products. In situations where arrangements include customer acceptance provisions, revenue is recognized when the Company can objectively verify the products comply with specifications underlying acceptance and the customer has control of the products. Revenue is presented net of taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities. The Company generally invoices a customer upon shipment, or in accordance with specific contractual provisions. Payments are due as per contract terms and do not contain a significant financing component. Service revenues represents less than 10% of the total revenue for the periods presented.
Provisions for sales returns and allowances are estimated based on historical data and are recorded concurrently with the recognition of revenue. A liability is recorded at the time of sale for estimated product returns based upon historical experience and an asset is recognized for the amount expected to be recorded in inventory upon product return. These provisions are reviewed and adjusted periodically by the Company. Revenue is reduced for early payment discounts and volume incentive rebates offered to customers, which are considered variable consideration, at the time of sale based on an evaluation of the contract terms and historical experience.
The Company recognizes revenue on a net basis on certain contracts, where the Company’s performance obligation is to arrange for the products or services to be provided by another party or the rendering of logistics services for the delivery of inventory for which the Company does not assume the risks and rewards of ownership, by recognizing the margins earned in revenue with no associated cost of revenue. Such arrangements include supplier service contracts, post-contract software support services, cloud computing and software as a service arrangements, certain fulfillment contracts and extended warranty contracts.
The Company considers shipping and handling activities as costs to fulfill the sale of products. Shipping revenue is included in revenue when control of the product is transferred to the customer, and the related shipping and handling costs are included in cost of revenue.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts in the Consolidated Financial Statements to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications did not have a material impact on previously reported amounts.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In September 2022, the FASB issued an accounting standards update which will require new enhanced disclosures by the buyer in supplier finance programs. Disclosures will include key terms of the program, including payment terms, along with the amount of related obligations, the financial statement caption that includes such obligations, and a rollforward of activity related to the obligations during the period. The new accounting standard must be adopted retrospectively to the earliest comparative period presented, except for the rollforward requirement, which should be adopted prospectively. The accounting standard is effective for the Company beginning with the quarter ending February 29, 2024, except for the rollforward requirement which is effective for the quarter ending February 28, 2025. Early adoption is permitted. While the new accounting standard is not expected to have an impact on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, the Company is currently evaluating the impact the new accounting standard will have on its disclosures in the notes to the consolidated financial statements. The Company is evaluating the terms of its arrangements with certain of its suppliers and currently estimates that approximately $2.0 billion to $2.5 billion of balances included in "Accounts payable" on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of August 31, 2023 may be within the scope of the standard.
In March 2020, the FASB issued optional guidance for a limited time to ease the potential burden in accounting for or recognizing the effects of reference rate reform, particularly, the risk of cessation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) on financial reporting. The guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments are elective and are effective upon issuance for all entities through December 31, 2022, which was extended through December 31, 2024 per an update the FASB issued in December 2022. On May 22, 2023, the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement (as defined below) was amended to replace LIBOR with the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") as its benchmark rate (see Note 8 - Borrowings for further discussion of the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement). The adoption of this new guidance did not have any material impacts for the Company.
NOTE 3—ACQUISITION, INTEGRATION AND RESTRUCTURING COSTS:
Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs are primarily comprised of costs related to the Merger and costs related to the Global Business Optimization 2 Program initiated by Tech Data prior to the Merger (the “GBO 2 Program”).
The Merger
The Company incurred acquisition, integration and restructuring costs related to the completion of the Merger, including professional services costs, personnel and other costs, long-lived assets charges and termination fees, and stock-based compensation expense. Professional services costs are primarily comprised of IT and other consulting services, as well as legal expenses. Personnel and other costs are primarily comprised of costs related to retention and other bonuses, severance and duplicative labor costs. Long-lived assets charges and termination fees include accelerated depreciation and amortization expense of $4.7 million and $16.2 million recorded during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, respectively and $4.4 million and $57.3 million recorded during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022, respectively due to changes in asset useful lives in conjunction with the consolidation of certain IT systems. Long-lived asset charges and termination fees also include $0.4 million and $12.9 million recorded during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, respectively for termination fees related to certain IT systems, along with $4.3 million recorded during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022 for impairment charges. Stock-based compensation expense primarily relates to costs associated with the conversion of certain Tech Data performance-based equity awards issued prior to the Merger into restricted shares of TD SYNNEX (refer to Note 4 - Share-Based Compensation for further information) and expenses for certain restricted stock awards issued in conjunction with the Merger.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
In July 2023, the Company offered a voluntary severance program ("VSP") to certain co-workers in the United States as part of the Company's cost optimization efforts related to the Merger. The Company incurred $37.2 million of costs in connection with the VSP during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, including $30.0 million of severance costs and $7.2 million of duplicative labor costs.
During the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022, acquisition and integration expenses related to the Merger were composed of the following:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Professional services costs$5,036 $6,514 $16,157 $20,455 
Personnel and other costs9,430 11,699 33,712 27,047 
Long-lived assets charges and termination fees5,078 8,693 29,067 61,564 
Stock-based compensation11,912 12,911 34,472 39,376 
Voluntary severance program costs
37,178  37,178  
Total$68,634 $39,817 $150,586 $148,442 
GBO 2 Program
Prior to the Merger, Tech Data implemented its GBO 2 Program that includes investments to optimize and standardize processes and apply data and analytics to be more agile in a rapidly evolving environment, increasing productivity, profitability and optimizing net-working capital. TD SYNNEX continued this program in conjunction with the Company’s integration activities. Acquisition, integration and restructuring expenses related to the GBO 2 Program are primarily comprised of restructuring costs and other costs. Restructuring costs are comprised of severance costs and other associated exit costs, including certain consulting costs. Other costs are primarily comprised of personnel costs, facilities costs and certain professional services fees not related to restructuring activities.
The Company incurred acquisition, integration and restructuring costs under the GBO 2 Program of $3.0 million and $9.0 million during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, respectively, and $6.6 million and $23.8 million during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022, respectively. The Company does not expect to incur material costs under the GBO 2 Program in future periods. Cash payments related to restructuring costs and accrued restructuring balances related to the GBO 2 Program are not material as of August 31, 2023.
NOTE 4—SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION:
Overview of TD SYNNEX Stock Incentive Plans
The Company recognizes share-based compensation expense for all share-based awards made to employees and directors, including employee stock options, restricted stock awards ("RSAs"), restricted stock units ("RSUs"), performance-based RSUs and employee stock purchase rights, based on estimated fair values.
The following tables summarize the Company's share-based awards activity for TD SYNNEX stock incentive plans during the nine months ended August 31, 2023.
A summary of the changes in the Company's stock options is set forth below:
Stock options
Balances as of November 30, 2022
677 
Exercised(82)
Balances as of August 31, 2023
595 
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
A summary of the changes in the Company's non-vested RSAs and RSUs is presented below:
RSAs and RSUs
Nonvested as of November 30, 2022
1,307 
Granted86 
Vested(238)
Canceled(67)
Nonvested as of August 31, 2023
1,088 
A summary of share-based compensation expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for TD SYNNEX stock incentive plans is presented below:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Selling, general and administrative expenses$8,530 $6,643 $29,252 $20,431 
Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs2,312 1,511 5,290 4,910 
Total share-based compensation expense$10,842 $8,154 $34,542 $25,341 
Tech Data Equity Awards
Prior to the Merger, certain of Tech Data’s employees were granted performance-based equity awards in Tiger Parent Holdings L.P., a partnership entity that was the parent company of Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation and Tech Data, that were unvested at the time of the closing of the Merger. Upon closing of the Merger, the unvested performance-based equity awards were converted into restricted shares of TD SYNNEX that vest over two years.     
The following table summarizes the activity related to these restricted shares during the nine months ended August 31, 2023:
Restricted shares
Nonvested as of November 30, 2022
350
Vested(15)
Canceled(34)
Nonvested as of August 31, 2023
301 
The restricted shares had a fair value of $127.60 per share upon closing of the Merger which is being recorded as share-based compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in “Acquisition, integration, and restructuring costs” in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. The Company recorded $9.6 million and $29.2 million of share-based compensation expense related to these restricted shares in “Acquisition, integration, and restructuring costs” during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023, respectively, and $11.4 million and $34.5 million during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022, respectively. All of the remaining unvested restricted shares as of August 31, 2023 vested on September 1, 2023.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
NOTE 5—BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Consolidated Balance Sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
As of
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Cash and cash equivalents$1,250,872 $522,604 
Restricted cash included in other current assets 252 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$1,250,872 $522,856 
Accounts receivable, net:
As of
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Accounts receivable$9,038,528 $9,550,741 
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts(146,398)(129,742)
Accounts receivable, net$8,892,130 $9,420,999 
Receivables from vendors, net:
As of
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Receivables from vendors$838,486 $831,539 
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts(16,202)(12,404)
Receivables from vendors, net$822,284 $819,135 
Allowance for doubtful trade receivables:
Balance as of November 30, 2022
$129,742 
Additions30,338 
Write-offs, recoveries, reclassifications and foreign exchange translation(13,682)
Balance as of August 31, 2023
$146,398 
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Allowance for doubtful receivables from vendors:
Balance as of November 30, 2022
$12,404 
Additions4,026 
Write-offs, recoveries, reclassifications and foreign exchange translation(228)
Balance as of August 31, 2023
$16,202 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss:
The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”), net of taxes, were as follows:
Unrealized gains
on cash flow
hedges, net of
taxes
Foreign currency
translation
adjustment and other,
net of taxes
Total
Balance as of November 30, 2022
$6,169 $(725,879)$(719,710)
Other comprehensive income before reclassification702 224,501 225,203 
Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss
(5,453)(578)(6,031)
Balance as of August 31, 2023
$1,418 $(501,956)$(500,538)
Refer to Note 6 - Derivative Instruments for the location of gains and losses reclassified from AOCI to the Consolidated Statements of Operations on derivative instruments. The reclassification of the net foreign currency translation adjustment realized upon sale of a foreign subsidiary was recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
NOTE 6—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS:
In the ordinary course of business, the Company is exposed to foreign currency risk, interest rate risk, equity risk, commodity price changes and credit risk. The Company enters into transactions, and owns monetary assets and liabilities, that are denominated in currencies other than the legal entity’s functional currency. The Company may enter into forward contracts, option contracts, swaps, or other derivative instruments to offset a portion of the risk on expected future cash flows, earnings, net investments in certain international subsidiaries and certain existing assets and liabilities. However, the Company may choose not to hedge certain exposures for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to, accounting considerations and the prohibitive economic cost of hedging particular exposures. There can be no assurance the hedges will offset more than a portion of the financial impact resulting from movements in foreign currency exchange or interest rates. The Company does not use derivative instruments to cover equity risk and credit risk. The Company’s hedging program is not used for trading or speculative purposes.
All derivatives are recognized on the balance sheet at their fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, or as a component of AOCI in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, as discussed below.
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company uses interest rate swap derivative contracts to economically convert a portion of its variable-rate debt to fixed-rate debt. Gains and losses on cash flow hedges are recorded in AOCI until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. Deferred gains and losses associated with cash flow hedges of interest payments are recognized in “Interest expense and finance charges, net” in the same period as the related expense is recognized. Derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges must be de-designated as hedges when it is probable the forecasted hedged transaction will not occur in the initially identified time period or within a subsequent two-month time period. Deferred gains and losses in AOCI associated with such derivative instruments are reclassified into earnings in the period of de-designation. Any subsequent changes in fair value of such derivative instruments are recorded in earnings unless they are re-designated as hedges of other transactions. The Company classifies cash flows related to the settlement of its cash flow hedges as operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The Company terminated its remaining interest rate swaps in May 2023 and had no interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges outstanding as of August 31, 2023.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company has entered into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge a portion of its net investment in euro denominated foreign operations which are designated as net investment hedges. The Company entered into the net investment hedges to offset the risk of change in the U.S. dollar value of the Company's investment in a euro functional subsidiary due to fluctuating foreign exchange rates. Gains and losses on the net investment hedges have been recorded in AOCI and will remain in AOCI until the sale or substantial liquidation of the underlying assets of the Company's investment. The initial fair value of hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness is being recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations under a systematic and rational method over the life of the hedging instrument. The Company classifies cash flows related to the settlement of its net investment hedges as investing activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Non-Designated Derivatives
The Company uses short-term forward contracts to offset the foreign exchange risk of assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the respective entities. These contracts, which are not designated as hedging instruments, mature or settle within twelve months. Derivatives that are not designated as hedging instruments are adjusted to fair value through earnings in the financial statement line item to which the derivative relates.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
Fair Values of Derivative Instruments in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments are disclosed in Note 7 - Fair Value Measurements and summarized in the table below:
Value as of
Balance Sheet Line ItemAugust 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments:
Foreign exchange forward contracts (notional value)$1,553,882 $1,853,188 
Other current assets6,047 9,597 
Other accrued liabilities8,612 16,085 
Derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges:
Interest rate swaps (notional value)$ $1,000,000 
Other current assets 17,222 
Derivative instruments designated as net investment hedges:
Foreign currency forward contracts (notional value)$516,250 $523,750 
Other accrued liabilities18,469 255 
Other long-term liabilities16,991 16,420 
The Company terminated interest rate swaps with a notional value of $400.0 million in December 2021 (the "December 2021 Terminations"). Cumulative losses from the December 2021 Terminations totaled $16.0 million and are being reclassified from AOCI to “Interest expense and finance charges, net” over the period through September 2023. The Company additionally terminated interest rate swaps with a notional value of $1.0 billion in May 2023 (the "May 2023 Terminations"). Cumulative gains from the May 2023 Terminations totaled $10.0 million and are being reclassified from AOCI to "Interest expense and finance charges, net" over the period through October 2023.
Volume of Activity
The notional amounts of foreign exchange forward contracts represent the gross amounts of foreign currency, including, principally, the Australian dollar, Brazilian real, British pound, Canadian dollar, Chinese yuan, Czech koruna, Danish krone, Euro, Indian rupee, Indonesian rupiah, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Norwegian krone, Philippine peso, Polish zloty, Singapore dollar, Swedish krona, Swiss franc and Turkish lira that will be bought or sold at maturity. The notional amounts for outstanding derivative instruments provide one measure of the transaction volume outstanding and do not represent the amount of the Company’s exposure to credit or market loss. The Company’s exposure to credit loss and market risk will vary over time as currency and interest rates change.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
The Effect of Derivative Instruments on AOCI and the Consolidated Statements of Operations
The following table shows the gains and losses, before taxes, of the Company’s derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges and net investment hedges in Other Comprehensive Income (“OCI”) and not designated as hedging instruments in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the periods presented:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Location of Gains (Losses) in IncomeAugust 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments:
(Losses) gains recognized from foreign exchange contracts, net⁽¹⁾Cost of revenue$(18,603)$36,804 $(43,115)$40,922 
Gains (losses) recognized from foreign exchange contracts, net⁽¹⁾Other expense, net2,044 (3,285)(3,181)(4,444)
Total $(16,559)$33,519 $(46,296)$36,478 
Derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges:
Gains recognized in OCI on interest rate swaps$ $10,645 $937 $36,696 
Gains (losses) on interest rate swaps reclassified from AOCI into incomeInterest expense and finance charges, net$3,636 $(5,552)$7,219 $(24,550)
Derivative instruments designated as net investment hedges:
(Losses) recognized in OCI on foreign exchange forward contracts⁽²⁾$(12,580)$ $(27,237)$ 
Gains recognized in income (amount excluded from effectiveness testing)⁽²⁾Interest expense and finance charges, net$2,303 $ $6,889 $ 
____________________________
(1) The gains and losses largely offset the currency gains and losses that resulted from changes in the assets and liabilities denominated in nonfunctional currencies.
(2) The Company had no net investment hedges outstanding during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022.
Except for the net investment hedge amount for fiscal 2023 shown above, there were no material gain or loss amounts excluded from the assessment of effectiveness. Existing net gains in AOCI that are expected to be reclassified into earnings in the normal course of business within the next twelve months are $3.6 million.
Credit exposure for derivative financial instruments is limited to the amounts, if any, by which the counterparties’ obligations under the contracts exceed the Company’s obligations to the counterparties. The Company manages the potential risk of credit losses through careful evaluation of counterparty credit standing and selection of counterparties from a limited group of financial institutions.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
NOTE 7—FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS:
The Company’s fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2: Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
Level 3: Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).
The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s investments and financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
As of August 31, 2023
As of November 30, 2022
Fair value measurement categoryFair value measurement category
TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts not designated as hedges$6,047 $ $6,047 $ $9,597 $ $9,597 $ 
Interest rate swaps    17,222  17,222  
Liabilities:
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts not designated as hedges$8,612 $ $8,612 $ $16,085 $ $16,085 $ 
Forward foreign currency exchange contracts designated as net investment hedges35,460  35,460  16,675  16,675  
The fair values of forward exchange contracts are measured based on the foreign currency spot and forward rates quoted by the banks or foreign currency dealers. Fair values of interest rate swaps are measured using standard valuation models using inputs that are readily available in public markets, or can be derived from observable market transactions, including spot and forward rates. There were no interest rate swaps outstanding as of August 31, 2023. The effect of nonperformance risk on the fair value of derivative instruments was not material as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022.
The carrying values of accounts receivable, accounts payable and short-term debt approximate fair value due to their short maturities and interest rates which are variable in nature. The carrying value of the Company’s term loans approximate their fair value since they bear interest rates that are similar to existing market rates. The estimated fair value of the Senior Notes was approximately $2.2 billion and $2.1 billion as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively.
During the nine months ended August 31, 2023, there were no transfers between the fair value measurement category levels.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
NOTE 8—BORROWINGS:
Borrowings consist of the following:
As of
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Committed and uncommitted revolving credit facilities and borrowings$164,863 $193,128 
Current portion of TD SYNNEX Senior Notes700,000  
Current portion of TD SYNNEX term loan75,000 75,000 
Short-term borrowings before debt discount and issuance costs
$939,863 $268,128 
Less: current portion of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs
(150) 
Borrowings, current$939,713 $268,128 
TD SYNNEX term loan$1,293,750 $1,350,000 
TD SYNNEX Senior Notes1,800,000 2,500,000 
Other credit agreements and long-term debt64,891 9,690 
Long-term borrowings, before unamortized debt discount and issuance costs$3,158,641 $3,859,690 
Less: unamortized debt discount and issuance costs(19,172)(24,025)
Long-term borrowings$3,139,469 $3,835,665 
TD SYNNEX United States Accounts Receivable Securitization Arrangement
In the United States, the Company has an accounts receivable securitization program to provide additional capital for its operations (the “U.S. AR Arrangement”). Under the terms of the U.S. AR Arrangement, the Company and its subsidiaries that are party to the U.S. AR Arrangement can borrow up to a maximum of $1.5 billion based upon eligible trade accounts receivable. The U.S. AR Arrangement has a maturity date of December 2024. The effective borrowing cost under the U.S. AR Arrangement is a blended rate based upon the composition of the lenders, that includes prevailing dealer commercial paper rates and a rate based upon SOFR. In addition, a program fee payable on the used portion of the lenders’ commitment accrues at 0.75% per annum. A facility fee is payable on the adjusted commitment of the lenders, to accrue at different tiers ranging between 0.30% per annum and 0.40% per annum depending on the amount of outstanding advances from time to time.
Under the terms of the U.S. AR Arrangement, the Company and certain of its U.S. subsidiaries sell, on a revolving basis, their receivables to a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. Such receivables, which are recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheet, totaled approximately $3.3 billion and $2.9 billion as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively. The borrowings are funded by pledging all of the rights, title and interest in the receivables acquired by the Company's bankruptcy-remote subsidiary as security. Any amounts received under the U.S. AR Arrangement are recorded as debt on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. There were no amounts outstanding under the U.S. AR Arrangement at August 31, 2023 or November 30, 2022.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement
The Company is party to a credit agreement, dated as of April 16, 2021 and amended May 22, 2023 (as amended, the “TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement”) with the lenders party thereto and Citibank, N.A., as agent, pursuant to which the Company received commitments for the extension of a senior unsecured revolving credit facility not to exceed an aggregate principal amount of $3.5 billion, which revolving credit facility (the “TD SYNNEX revolving credit facility”) may, at the request of the Company but subject to the lenders’ discretion, potentially be increased by up to an aggregate amount of $500.0 million. There were no amounts outstanding under the TD SYNNEX revolving credit facility at August 31, 2023 or November 30, 2022. The TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement also includes a senior unsecured term loan (the “TD SYNNEX term loan” and, together with the TD SYNNEX revolving credit facility, the “TD SYNNEX credit facilities”) in an original aggregate principal amount of $1.5 billion, that was fully funded in connection with the closing of the Merger. The borrower under the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement is the Company. There are no guarantors of the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement. The maturity of the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement is on the fifth anniversary of the September 2021 closing date, to occur in September 2026, subject in the case of the revolving credit facility, to two one-year extensions upon the Company’s prior notice to the lenders and the agreement of the lenders to extend such maturity date.
The outstanding principal amount of the TD SYNNEX term loan is payable in quarterly installments in an amount equal to 1.25% of the original $1.5 billion principal balance, with the outstanding principal amount of the term loans due in full on the maturity date. Loans borrowed under the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement bear interest, in the case of SOFR rate loans, at a per annum rate equal to the applicable SOFR rate, plus the applicable margin, which may range from 1.125% to 1.750%, based on the Company’s public debt rating (as defined in the TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement). The applicable margin on base rate loans is 1.00% less than the corresponding margin on SOFR rate based loans. In addition to these borrowing rates, there is a commitment fee which ranges from 0.125% to 0.300% on any unused commitment under the TD SYNNEX revolving credit facility based on the Company’s public debt rating. The effective interest rate for the TD SYNNEX term loan was 6.81% and 5.46% as of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively. The Company used interest rate swap derivative contracts to economically convert a portion of the TD SYNNEX term loan to fixed-rate debt. The interest rate swaps were terminated in May 2023 (see Note 6 - Derivative Instruments for further discussion).
The TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement contains various loan covenants that are customary for similar facilities for similarly rated borrowers that restricts the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to take certain actions. The TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants which require compliance with a maximum debt to EBITDA ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio, in each case tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter. The TD SYNNEX Credit Agreement also contains various customary events of default, including with respect to a change of control of the Company.
TD SYNNEX Senior Notes
On August 9, 2021, the Company completed its offering of $2.5 billion aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes, consisting of $700.0 million of 1.25% senior notes due August 9, 2024, $700.0 million of 1.75% senior notes due August 9, 2026, $600.0 million of 2.375% senior notes due August 9, 2028, and $500.0 million of 2.65% senior notes due August 9, 2031 (collectively, the “Senior Notes,” and such offering, the “Senior Notes Offering”). The Company incurred $19.6 million towards issuance costs on the Senior Notes. The Company pays interest semi-annually on the notes on each of February 9 and August 9. The net proceeds from this offering were used to fund a portion of the aggregate cash consideration payable in connection with the Merger, refinance certain of the Company's existing indebtedness and pay related fees and expenses and for general corporate purposes.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
The interest rate payable on each series of the Senior Notes will be subject to adjustment from time to time if the credit rating assigned to such series of Senior Notes is downgraded (or downgraded and subsequently upgraded). The Company may redeem the Senior Notes, at any time in whole or from time to time in part, prior to (i) August 9, 2022 (the “2024 Par Call Date”) in the case of the 2024 Senior Notes, (ii) July 9, 2026 (the “2026 Par Call Date”) in the case of the 2026 Senior Notes, (iii) June 9, 2028 (the “2028 Par Call Date”) in the case of the 2028 Senior Notes, and (iv) May 9, 2031 in the case of the 2031 Senior Notes (the “2031 Par Call Date” and, together with the 2024 Par Call Date, the 2026 Par Call Date and the 2028 Par Call Date, each, a “Par Call Date” and together, the “Par Call Dates”), at a redemption price equal to the greater of (x) 100% of the aggregate principal amount of the applicable Senior Notes to be redeemed and (y) the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of the principal and interest on the Senior Notes, discounted to the date of redemption on a semi-annual basis at a rate equal to the sum of the applicable treasury rate plus 15 basis points for the 2024 Senior Notes, 20 basis points for the 2026 Senior Notes and 25 basis points for the 2028 Senior Notes and 2031 Senior Notes, plus in each case, accrued and unpaid interest thereon to, but excluding, the redemption date. The Company may also redeem the Senior Notes of any series at its option, at any time in whole or from time to time in part, on or after the applicable Par Call Date, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Senior Notes to be redeemed.
On June 14, 2022, the Company commenced an offer to exchange (the "Exchange Offer") its outstanding unregistered Senior Notes for new registered notes (the "Exchange Notes"). The purpose of the Exchange Offer was to fulfill the Company's obligations under the applicable registration rights agreement entered into in connection with the issuance of the Senior Notes. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the Exchange Offer, and the aggregate principal amount of Exchange Notes that were issued was equal to the aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes that were surrendered pursuant to the Exchange Offer. The terms of the Exchange Notes are substantially identical to the terms of the respective series of the Senior Notes, except that the Exchange Notes are registered under the Securities Act, and certain transfer restrictions, registration rights, and additional interest provisions relating to the Senior Notes do not apply to the Exchange Notes. The Exchange Offer expired on July 14, 2022 and settlement occurred on July 15, 2022.
Other Short-Term Borrowings
The Company has various other committed and uncommitted lines of credit with financial institutions, short-term loans, term loans, credit facilities and book overdraft facilities, totaling approximately $589.1 million in borrowing capacity as of August 31, 2023. Most of these facilities are provided on an unsecured, short-term basis and are reviewed periodically for renewal. Interest rates and other terms of borrowing under these lines of credit vary by country, depending on local market conditions. There was $164.9 million outstanding on these facilities at August 31, 2023, at a weighted average interest rate of 5.78%, and there was $193.1 million outstanding at November 30, 2022, at a weighted average interest rate of 4.69%. Borrowings under certain of these lines of credit facilities are guaranteed by the Company.
At August 31, 2023, the Company was also contingently liable for reimbursement obligations with respect to issued standby letters of credit in the aggregate outstanding amount of $57.4 million. These letters of credit typically act as a guarantee of payment to certain third parties in accordance with specified terms and conditions.
The maximum commitment amounts for local currency credit facilities have been translated into U.S. dollars at August 31, 2023 exchange rates.
Covenant Compliance
The Company's credit facilities have a number of covenants and restrictions that require the Company to maintain specified financial ratios. The covenants also limit the Company’s ability to incur additional debt, create liens, enter into agreements with affiliates, modify the nature of the Company’s business, and merge or consolidate. As of August 31, 2023, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenant requirements for the above arrangements.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
NOTE 9—EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the periods indicated:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Basic earnings per common share:
Net income attributable to common stockholders(1)
$138,260 $147,885 $436,069 $427,418 
Weighted-average number of common shares - basic92,590 95,115 93,400 95,355 
Basic earnings per common share$1.49 $1.55 $4.67 $4.48 
Diluted earnings per common share:
Net income attributable to common stockholders(1)
$138,263 $147,887 $436,076 $427,425 
Weighted-average number of common shares - basic92,590 95,115 93,400 95,355 
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options and RSUs291 292 276 293 
Weighted-average number of common shares - diluted92,881 95,407 93,676 95,648 
Diluted earnings per common share$1.49 $1.55 $4.66 $4.47 
Anti-dilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share calculation303 235 282 241 
_________________________
(1) RSAs granted by the Company are considered participating securities. Income available to participating securities was immaterial in all periods presented.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)

NOTE 10—SEGMENT INFORMATION:
Summarized financial information related to the Company’s reportable business segments for the periods presented is shown below:
AmericasEuropeAPJConsolidated
Three Months Ended August 31, 2023
Revenue$8,879,585 $4,227,590 $853,440 $13,960,615 
Operating income192,606 29,531 18,096 240,233 
Three Months Ended August 31, 2022
Revenue$9,900,779 $4,681,797 $773,509 $15,356,085 
Operating income180,471 44,260 16,803 241,534 
Nine Months Ended August 31, 2023
Revenue$26,217,631 $14,209,488 $2,720,991 $43,148,110 
Operating income559,370 157,793 74,115 791,278 
Nine Months Ended August 31, 2022
Revenue$28,751,985 $14,914,196 $2,429,672 $46,095,853 
Operating income511,813 150,117 54,781 716,711 
NOTE 11—RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS:
The Company has a business relationship with MiTAC Holdings Corporation (“MiTAC Holdings”), a publicly-traded company in Taiwan, which began in 1992 when MiTAC Holdings became one of the Company's primary investors through its affiliates. As of August 31, 2023 and November 30, 2022, MiTAC Holdings and its affiliates beneficially owned approximately 9.9% and 9.7% of the Company’s outstanding common stock, respectively. Mr. Matthew Miau, Chairman Emeritus of the Company’s Board of Directors and a director, is the Chairman of MiTAC Holdings and a director or officer of MiTAC Holdings’ affiliates.
Beneficial Ownership of the Company’s Common Stock by MiTAC Holdings
As noted above, MiTAC Holdings and its affiliates in the aggregate beneficially owned approximately 9.9% of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of August 31, 2023. These shares are owned by the following entities:
As of August 31, 2023
MiTAC Holdings(1)
5,300 
Synnex Technology International Corp.(2)
3,860 
Total9,160 
_________________________
(1) Shares are held as follows: 302 shares by Silver Star Developments Ltd. and 2,595 shares by MiTAC International Corp., both of which are wholly-owned subsidiaries of MiTAC Holdings, along with 2,403 shares held directly by MiTAC Holdings. Excludes 196 shares held directly by Mr. Miau, 217 shares indirectly held by Mr. Miau through a charitable remainder trust, and 190 shares held by his spouse.
(2) Synnex Technology International Corp. (“Synnex Technology International”) is a separate entity from the Company and is a publicly-traded corporation in Taiwan. Shares are held via Peer Development Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Synnex Technology International. MiTAC Holdings owns a noncontrolling interest of 14.1% in MiTAC Incorporated, a privately-held Taiwanese company, which in turn holds a noncontrolling interest of 15.6% in Synnex Technology International. Neither MiTAC Holdings nor Mr. Miau is affiliated with any person(s), entity, or entities that hold a majority interest in MiTAC Incorporated.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
The following table presents the Company's transactions with MiTAC Holdings and its affiliates for the periods indicated:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Purchases of inventories and services$47,385 $85,113 $129,021 $186,163 
Sale of products to MiTAC Holdings and affiliates2,736 115 8,011 1,251 
Payments made for rent and overhead costs
for use of facilities of MiTAC Holdings and affiliates, net
293 20 850 101 
The following table presents the Company’s receivable from and payable to MiTAC Holdings and its affiliates for the periods presented:
As of
August 31, 2023November 30, 2022
Receivable from related parties (included in Accounts receivable, net)$4,075 $1,222 
Payable to related parties (included in Accounts payable)10,051 30,317 
NOTE 12—EQUITY:
Share Repurchase Program
In June 2020, the Board of Directors authorized a three-year $400.0 million share repurchase program, effective July 1, 2020. In January 2023, the Board of Directors authorized a new three-year $1.0 billion share repurchase program, replacing the existing $400.0 million share repurchase program, pursuant to which the Company may repurchase its outstanding common stock from time to time in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions.
On January 30, 2023, the Company announced the closing of a secondary public offering (the "Offering") of an aggregate of 5.2 million shares of its common stock that were sold by certain entities managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management, Inc (the "Selling Stockholders"). All the shares in the Offering were sold by the Selling Stockholders. The Company did not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares by the Selling Stockholders in the Offering. Also pursuant to the related underwriting agreement, the Company repurchased 0.9 million shares of its common stock from the underwriters as part of the Offering, at the public offering price of $97.00 per share, resulting in a purchase price of $87.3 million (the "Concurrent Share Repurchase"). The Concurrent Share Repurchase was made under the Company's existing $1.0 billion share repurchase program, and is included within the caption "Shares of treasury stock purchased under share repurchase program" in the table below.
As of August 31, 2023, the Company had $738.8 million available for future repurchases of its common stock under the authorized share repurchase program.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
The Company's common share repurchase activity for the nine months ended August 31, 2023 is summarized as follows:
SharesWeighted-average price per share
Treasury stock balance as of November 30, 2022
4,049 $83.29 
Shares of treasury stock repurchased under share repurchase program (1)
2,890 96.11 
Shares of treasury stock repurchased for tax withholdings on equity awards83 103.74 
Shares of treasury stock reissued for employee benefit plans(44)87.93 
Treasury stock balance as of August 31, 2023
6,978 $89.17 
_________________________
(1) Weighted-average price per share excludes broker's commissions and excise taxes. "Repurchases of common stock" in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended August 31, 2023 excludes $2.4 million of accrued excise tax that is included in "Other current liabilities" and "Treasury stock" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at August 31, 2023. Excise taxes when paid are classified as operating activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Dividends
On September 27, 2023, the Company announced that its Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.35 per common share payable on October 27, 2023 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on October 13, 2023. Dividends are subject to continued capital availability and declaration by the Board of Directors that the dividend is in the best interest of the Company’s stockholders.
NOTE 13—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:
As is customary in the technology industry, to encourage certain customers to purchase products from us, the Company also has other financing agreements with financial institutions to provide inventory financing facilities to the Company’s customers and allow certain customers of the Company to finance their purchases directly with the financial institutions. The Company is contingently liable to repurchase inventory sold under these agreements in the event of any default by its customers under the agreement and such inventory being repossessed by the financial institutions. As the Company does not have access to information regarding the amount of inventory purchased from the Company still on hand with the customer at any point in time, the Company’s repurchase obligations relating to inventory cannot be reasonably estimated. Losses, if any, would be the difference between the repossession cost and the resale value of the inventory. Repurchases under these arrangements have been insignificant to date and the Company is not aware of any pending customer defaults or repossession obligations. The Company believes that, based on historical experience, the likelihood of a material loss pursuant to these inventory repurchase obligations is remote.
The French Autorité de la Concurrence (“Competition Authority”) began in 2013 an investigation into the French market for certain products of Apple, Inc. ("Apple") for which the Company is a distributor. In March 2020, the Competition Authority imposed fines on Tech Data, on another distributor, and on Apple, finding that Tech Data entered into an anticompetitive agreement with Apple regarding volume allocations of Apple products. The initial fine imposed on Tech Data was €76.1 million. The Company appealed its determination to the French courts, seeking to set aside or reduce the fine. On October 6, 2022, the appeals court issued a ruling that reduced the fine imposed on the Company from €76.1 million to €24.9 million. As a result of the appeals court ruling, the Company determined that the best estimate of probable loss related to this matter is €24.9 million (approximately $27.2 million as of August 31, 2023), which has been paid in full. The Company continues to contest the arguments of the Competition Authority and has further appealed this matter. A civil lawsuit related to this matter, alleging anticompetitive actions in association with the established distribution networks for Apple, Tech Data and another distributor was filed by eBizcuss. The Company is currently evaluating this matter and cannot currently estimate the probability or amount of any potential loss.
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TD SYNNEX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022
(Except per share amounts or as otherwise indicated, currency and share amounts in thousands)
(unaudited)
From time to time, the Company receives notices from third parties, including customers and suppliers, seeking indemnification, payment of money or other actions in connection with claims made against them. Also, from time to time, the Company has been involved in various bankruptcy preference actions where the Company was a supplier to the companies now in bankruptcy. In addition, the Company is subject to various other claims, both asserted and unasserted, that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company evaluates these claims and records the related liabilities. It is possible that the ultimate liabilities could differ from the amounts recorded.
On December 1, 2020, the Company completed the previously announced separation of its customer experience services business (the “Separation”), in a tax-free transaction for federal income tax purposes, which was accomplished by the distribution of one hundred percent of the outstanding common stock of Concentrix Corporation (“Concentrix”). In connection with the Separation, the Company and Concentrix entered into a separation and distribution agreement as well as various other agreements that provide a framework for the relationships between the parties going forward, including among others an employee matters agreement, a tax matters agreement, and a commercial agreement, pursuant to which Concentrix will continue to provide certain limited services to the Company following the Separation.
Under the Separation and Distribution agreement with Concentrix that was entered into in connection with the Separation, SYNNEX agreed to indemnify Concentrix, each of its subsidiaries and each of their respective directors, officers and employees from and against all liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from, among other matters, the liabilities allocated to SYNNEX as part of the Separation. Similarly, Concentrix agreed to indemnify SYNNEX, each of its subsidiaries and each of their respective directors, officers and employees from and against all liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from, among other matters, the liabilities allocated to Concentrix as part of the Separation. The Company expects Concentrix to fully perform under the terms of the Separation and Distribution agreement.
Under the Separation and Distribution agreement, SYNNEX and Concentrix agreed to cooperate with each other in managing litigation related to both companies' businesses. The Separation and Distribution agreement also included provisions that assign to each company responsibility for managing pending and future litigation related to the general corporate matters of SYNNEX arising prior to the Separation.
The Company does not believe that the above commitments and contingencies will have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
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ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included elsewhere in this Report. Amounts in certain tables may not add or compute due to rounding.

When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or this “Report”, the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “allows,” “can,” “may,” “could,” “designed,” “will,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These are statements that relate to future periods and include statements about our business model and our services, our business and market strategy, future growth, demand, our infrastructure, our investment in our information technology, or IT, systems, our employee hiring and retention, our Merger-related integration plans including with respect to the GBO 2 Program, our revenue, sources of revenue, our gross margins, our operating costs and results, timing of payment, our competition, our future needs and sources for additional financing, contract terms, relationships with our suppliers, adequacy of our facilities, our operations, foreign currency exchange rates and hedging activities, our strategic acquisitions including anticipated cost savings and other benefits, seasonality of sales, adequacy of our cash resources, our debt and financing arrangements, including the impact of any change to our credit rating, interest rate risk and impact thereof, cash held by our international subsidiaries and repatriation, changes in fair value of derivative instruments, our tax liabilities, adequacy of our disclosure controls and procedures, cybersecurity, impact of our pricing policies, impact of economic and industry trends, changes to the markets in which we compete, impact of new reporting rules and accounting policies, our estimates and assumptions, impact of inventory repurchase obligations and commitments and contingencies, our effective tax rates, and our share repurchase and dividend program. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks discussed herein and others, including risks related to the risk that the legacy SYNNEX and legacy Tech Data businesses will not be integrated successfully or realize the anticipated benefits of the combined company, the buying patterns of our customers, concentration of sales to large customers, the loss or consolidation of one or more of our significant original equipment manufacturer ("OEM") suppliers or customers, market acceptance of the products we assemble and distribute, competitive conditions in our industry and their impact on our margins, pricing and other terms with our OEM suppliers, our ability to gain market share, variations in supplier-sponsored programs, changes in our costs and operating expenses, increased inflation, dependence upon and trends in capital spending budgets in the IT industry, fluctuations in general economic conditions, changes in tax laws, risks associated with our international operations, uncertainties and variability in demand by our reseller and integration customers, supply shortages or delays, any termination or reduction in our floor plan financing arrangements, changes in value of foreign currencies and interest rates and other risk factors contained in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2022 and below under Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based, unless otherwise required by law.

In the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, all references to “TD SYNNEX,” "SYNNEX," “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” mean TD SYNNEX Corporation and its subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only the parent company or one of its segments.

TD SYNNEX, the TD SYNNEX Logo and all other TD SYNNEX company, product and services names and slogans are trademarks or registered trademarks of TD SYNNEX Corporation. Other names and marks are the property of their respective owners.
Overview
We are a Fortune 100 corporation and a leading global distributor and solutions aggregator for the information technology ("IT") ecosystem. We serve a critical role, bringing products from the world's leading and emerging technology vendors to market, and helping our customers create solutions best suited to maximize business outcomes for their end-user customers.
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On March 22, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) which provided that legacy SYNNEX Corporation would acquire legacy Tech Data Corporation, a Florida corporation (“Tech Data”) through a series of mergers, which would result in Tech Data becoming an indirect subsidiary of TD SYNNEX Corporation (collectively, the "Merger"). On September 1, 2021, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company acquired all the outstanding shares of common stock of Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation, the parent corporation of Tech Data, for consideration of $1.6 billion in cash ($1.1 billion in cash after giving effect to a $500.0 million equity contribution by Tiger Parent Holdings, L.P., Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation's sole stockholder and an affiliate of Apollo Global Management, Inc., to Tiger Parent (AP) Corporation prior to the effective time of the Merger) and 44 million shares of common stock of SYNNEX, valued at approximately $5.6 billion.
Digital transformation and the migration to cloud computing is reshaping our industry, enabling businesses and consumers to evaluate, procure, acquire, and consume technology products and services in a variety of ways. Hybrid models of IT consumption, supporting both physical and virtual delivery methods are emerging, as hardware and software-based solutions become increasingly combined. As a result, customers are seeking greater integration of products, services and solutions that tie technologies together. Therefore, we believe it is important to provide a broad, end-to-end portfolio, with deep capabilities across the computing continuum to help customers manage the increasingly complex IT ecosystem and deliver the solutions and business outcomes the market desires. Our vision for the future is to be the vital solutions aggregator and orchestrator that connects the IT ecosystem.
Our global strategy is to deliver higher value by focusing on the following strategic priorities:
Invest in high-growth technologies such as hybrid cloud, security, analytics/Internet of Things ("IoT"), artificial intelligence ("AI"), hyperscale infrastructure, and services.
Strengthen our end-to-end portfolio of products, services and solutions, including technology-as-a-service and recurring revenue models.
Transform our company digitally through greater automation and advanced analytics, which we believe will enhance the customer experience, broaden our customer base, increase sales and augment our presence in high growth technologies.
Expand our global footprint and enhance the operational excellence of our businesses around the world.
We offer a comprehensive catalog of technology products from original equipment manufacturers (“OEM”), suppliers of high-growth technologies such as converged and hyper-converged infrastructure, cloud, security, data/analytics/IoT and services. We purchase IT hardware, software, and systems including personal computing devices and peripherals, mobile phones and accessories, printers, server and datacenter infrastructure, networking, communications and storage solutions, and systems components from our suppliers and sell them to our reseller and retail customers. Our reseller customers include value-added resellers, corporate resellers, government resellers, system integrators, direct marketers, retailers and managed service providers. We combine our core strengths in distribution with demand generation, supply chain management and design and integration solutions to help our customers achieve greater efficiencies in time to market, cost minimization, real-time linkages in the supply chain and aftermarket product support. We also provide comprehensive IT solutions in key vertical markets such as government and healthcare and we provide specialized service offerings that increase efficiencies in the areas of global computing components, logistics services and supply chain management. Additionally, we provide systems design and integration solutions for data center servers and networking solutions built specific to our customers’ workloads and data center environments.
Our business is characterized by low gross profit as a percentage of revenue, or gross margin, and low operating income as a percentage of revenue, or operating margin. The market for IT products has generally been characterized by declining unit prices and short product life cycles, although unit prices for certain products have increased during certain periods due to factors such as supply chain constraints and inflation. We set our sales price based on the market supply and demand characteristics for each particular product or bundle of products we distribute and services we provide.
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We are highly dependent on the end-market demand for IT products, and on our partners’ strategic initiatives and business models. This end-market demand is influenced by many factors including the introduction of new IT products and software by OEM suppliers, replacement cycles for existing IT products, trends toward cloud computing, overall economic growth and general business activity. A difficult and challenging economic environment, including due to the continued impacts of increased inflation, rising interest rates, increased risk in banking and financial institutions and Russia's invasion of Ukraine, may also lead to consolidation or decline in the IT industries and increased price-based competition. Our systems design and integration solutions business is highly dependent on the demand for cloud infrastructure, and the number of key customers and suppliers in the market. Our business includes operations in the Americas, Europe and Asia-Pacific and Japan ("APJ") so we are affected by demand for our products in those regions, as well as the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates compared to the U.S. dollar.
Acquisitions
We continually seek to augment organic growth in our business with strategic acquisitions of businesses and assets that complement and expand our existing capabilities. We also divest businesses that we deem no longer strategic to our ongoing operations. We seek to acquire new OEM relationships, enhance our supply chain and integration capabilities, the services we provide to our customers and OEM suppliers, and expand our geographic footprint.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth, for the indicated periods, data as percentages of total revenue:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
Statements of Operations Data:August 31, 2023August 31, 2022August 31, 2023August 31, 2022
Revenue100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %
Cost of revenue(93.04)%(94.03)%(93.19)%(93.84)%
Gross profit6.96 %5.97 %6.81 %6.16 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses(4.73)%(4.10)%(4.61)%(4.24)%
Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs(0.51)%(0.30)%(0.37)%(0.37)%
Operating income1.72 %1.57 %1.83 %1.55 %
Interest expense and finance charges, net(0.48)%(0.34)%(0.51)%(0.31)%
Other expense, net(0.02)%(0.01)%(0.02)%(0.03)%
Income before income taxes1.22 %1.22 %1.30 %1.21 %
Provision for income taxes(0.22)%(0.25)%(0.28)%(0.29)%
Net income1.00 %0.97 %1.02 %0.92 %
Certain Non-GAAP Financial Information
In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with GAAP, we also disclose certain non-GAAP financial information, including:
Revenue in constant currency, which is revenue adjusted for the translation effect of foreign currencies so that certain financial results can be viewed without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons of our business performance. Revenue in constant currency is calculated by translating the revenue for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 in the billing currency using the comparable prior period currency conversion rate. Generally, when the dollar either strengthens or weakens against other currencies, the growth at constant currency rates will be higher or lower than growth reported at actual exchange rates.
Non-GAAP gross profit, which is gross profit, adjusted to exclude the portion of purchase accounting adjustments that affected cost of revenue.
Non-GAAP gross margin, which is non-GAAP gross profit, as defined above, divided by revenue.
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Non-GAAP operating income, which is operating income, adjusted to exclude acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, amortization of intangible assets, share-based compensation expense and purchase accounting adjustments.
Non-GAAP operating margin, which is non-GAAP operating income, as defined above, divided by revenue.
Non-GAAP net income, which is net income, adjusted to exclude acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, amortization of intangible assets, share-based compensation expense, purchase accounting adjustments, income taxes related to the aforementioned items, as well as a capital loss carryback benefit.
Non-GAAP diluted earnings per common share (“EPS”), which is diluted EPS excluding the per share impact of acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, amortization of intangible assets, share-based compensation expense, purchase accounting adjustments, income taxes related to the aforementioned items, as well as a capital loss carryback benefit.
Acquisition, integration and restructuring costs, which are expensed as incurred, primarily represent professional services costs for legal, banking, consulting and advisory services, severance and other personnel related costs, share-based compensation expense and debt extinguishment fees that are incurred in connection with acquisition, integration, restructuring and divestiture activities. From time to time, this category may also include transaction-related gains/losses on divestitures/spin-off of businesses, costs related to long-lived assets including impairment charges and accelerated depreciation and amortization expense due to changes in asset useful lives, as well as various other costs associated with the acquisition or divestiture.
Our acquisition activities have resulted in the recognition of finite-lived intangible assets which consist primarily of customer relationships and vendor lists. Finite-lived intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are tested for impairment when events indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The amortization of intangible assets is reflected in our statements of operations. Although intangible assets contribute to our revenue generation, the amortization of intangible assets does not directly relate to the sale of our products. Additionally, intangible asset amortization expense typically fluctuates based on the size and timing of our acquisition activity. Accordingly, we believe excluding the amortization of intangible assets, along with the other non-GAAP adjustments which neither relate to the ordinary course of our business nor reflect our underlying business performance, enhances our and our investors’ ability to compare our past financial performance with our current performance and to analyze underlying business performance and trends. Intangible asset amortization excluded from the related non-GAAP financial measure represents the entire amount recorded within our GAAP financial statements, and the revenue generated by the associated intangible assets has not been excluded from the related non-GAAP financial measure. Intangible asset amortization is excluded from the related non-GAAP financial measure because the amortization, unlike the related revenue, is not affected by operations of any particular period unless an intangible asset becomes impaired or the estimated useful life of an intangible asset is revised.
Share-based compensation expense is a non-cash expense arising from the grant of equity awards to employees based on the estimated fair value of those awards. Although share-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation of our employees, the fair value of the share-based awards may bear little resemblance to the actual value realized upon the vesting or future exercise of the related share-based awards and the expense can vary significantly between periods as a result of the timing of grants of new stock-based awards, including grants in connection with acquisitions. Given the variety and timing of awards and the subjective assumptions that are necessary when calculating share-based compensation expense, we believe this additional information allows investors to make additional comparisons between our operating results from period to period.
Purchase accounting adjustments are primarily related to the impact of recognizing the acquired vendor and customer liabilities from the Merger at fair value. These adjustments benefited our non-GAAP operating income through the third fiscal quarter of fiscal 2023 based on historical settlement patterns with our vendors and in accordance with the timing defined in our policy for releasing vendor and customer liabilities we deem remote to be paid.
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We believe that providing this additional information is useful to the reader to better assess and understand our base operating performance, especially when comparing results with previous periods and for planning and forecasting in future periods, primarily because management typically monitors the business adjusted for these items in addition to GAAP results. Management also uses these non-GAAP measures to establish operational goals and, in some cases, for measuring performance for compensation purposes. As these non-GAAP financial measures are not calculated in accordance with GAAP, they may not necessarily be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the comparable GAAP measures and should be used as a complement to, and in conjunction with data presented in accordance with GAAP.
Three and Nine Months Ended August 31, 2023 and 2022:
Revenue
The following table summarizes our revenue and change in revenue by segment for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2023 and 2022:
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
August 31, 2023August 31, 2022Percent ChangeAugust 31, 2023August 31, 2022Percent Change
Revenue in constant currency(in thousands)(in thousands)
Consolidated
Revenue$13,960,615 $15,356,085 (9.1)%$43,148,110 $46,095,853 (6.4)%
Impact of changes in foreign currencies(176,615)— 414,683 — 
Revenue in constant currency$13,784,000 $15,356,085 (10.2)%$43,562,793 $46,095,853 (5.5)%
Americas
Revenue$8,879,585 $9,900,779 (10.3)%$26,217,631 $28,751,985 (8.8)%
Impact of changes in foreign currencies24,979 — 147,323 — 
Revenue in constant currency$8,904,564 $9,900,779 (10.1)%$26,364,954 $28,751,985 (8.3)%
Europe
Revenue$4,227,590 $4,681,797 (9.7)%$14,209,488 $14,914,196 (4.7)%
Impact of changes in foreign currencies(216,477)— 154,406