10-K 1 v306679_10k.htm 10-K

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-K

(Mark One)

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

 

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from_____________ to_______________

 

Commission File Number 000-49929

 

Access National Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Virginia

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

82-0545425

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

1800 Robert Fulton Drive, Suite 300, Reston, Virginia 20191

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(703) 871-2100

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $0.835 par value   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

(Title of each class)  None    

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K x

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨   Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act) Yes ¨ No x

 

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the price at which the stock was last sold on the NASDAQ Global Market as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $54,770,123.

 

As of March 16, 2011, there were 10,211,261 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.835 per share, of Access National Corporation issued and outstanding.

  

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Corporation’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 22, 2012, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 
 

 

Access National Corporation

FORM 10-K

INDEX

 

    Page
     
PART I    
     
Item 1 Business 2
Item 1A Risk Factors 15
Item 1B Unresolved Staff Comments 21
Item 2 Properties 21
Item 3 Legal Proceedings 21
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 21
     
PART II    
     
Item 5 Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer  Purchases of Equity Securities 22
Item 6 Selected Financial Data 24
Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 25
Item 7A Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 40
Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 42
Item 9 Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 85
Item 9A Controls and Procedures 85
Item 9B Other Information 85
     
PART III    
     
Item 10 Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 85
Item 11 Executive Compensation 86
Item 12 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 86
Item 13 Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 86
Item 14 Principal Accountant Fees and Services 86
     
PART IV    
     
Item 15 Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 87
Signatures 89

 

1
 

 

PART I

 

In addition to historical information, the following report contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause Access National Corporation’s actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s analysis only as of the date of the report. For discussion of factors that may cause our actual future results to differ materially from those anticipated, please see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” and “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Forward-Looking Statements” herein.

 

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

 

Access National Corporation (the “Corporation” or “ANC”) was organized June 15, 2002 under the laws of Virginia to operate as a bank holding company.  The Corporation has two active wholly owned subsidiaries:  Access National Bank (the “Bank” or “ANB”), and Access National Capital Trust II. Effective June 15, 2002, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization dated April 18, 2002 between the Corporation and the Bank, the Corporation acquired all of the outstanding stock of the Bank in a statutory share exchange transaction.

 

The Bank is the primary operating business of the Corporation. The Bank provides credit, deposit, and mortgage services to middle market commercial businesses and associated professionals, primarily in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. The Bank was organized under federal law in 1999 as a national banking association to engage in a general banking business to serve the communities in and around Northern Virginia. Deposits with the Bank are insured to the maximum amount provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The Bank offers a comprehensive range of financial services and products and specializes in providing customized financial services to small and medium sized businesses, professionals, and associated individuals. The Bank provides its customers with personal customized service utilizing the latest technology and delivery channels. The various operating and non-operating entities that support the Corporation’s business directly and indirectly are listed below:

 

    PARENT    
ENTITY /   COMPANY /   YEAR
ACTIVITY   SOLE MEMBER   ORGANIZED
         
Access National Corporation   N/A   2002

 

A Virginia corporation with common stock listed on the NASDAQ Global Market, and serves as the Bank’s holding company. The bank holding company is subject to regulatory oversight by the Federal Reserve System. Its primary purpose is to hold the common stock of the commercial bank subsidiary and support related capital activities.

  

Access National Bank   ANC   1999

 

Primary operating entity holding a national bank charter issued under the laws of the United States. Its principal activities are subject to regulation by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “Comptroller”). The Bank’s primary business is serving the credit, depository and cash management needs of businesses and associated professionals. Deposits of the Bank are insured by the FDIC.

 

Access National Mortgage Corporation   ANB   1985
(“ANMC” or the “Mortgage Corporation”)        

 

During 2011 the Bank closed the Mortgage Corporation and all mortgage banking activities were transferred to the Bank under a separate business division of the Bank (the “Mortgage Division”). The Mortgage Corporation ceased conducting new business on July 1, 2011 and will be dissolved in 2012.

 

Access Real Estate L.L.C   ANB   2003

 

Access Real Estate was formed to acquire and hold title to real estate for the Corporation. Access Real Estate owns a 45,000 square foot, three story office building located at 1800 Robert Fulton Drive in Reston, Virginia that serves as the corporate headquarters for the Corporation, Bank, Mortgage Division, and Access Real Estate. Access Real Estate also owns vacant land in Fredericksburg that was purchased for future expansion of the Bank.

 

2
 

 

    PARENT    
ENTITY /   COMPANY /   YEAR
ACTIVITY   SOLE MEMBER   ORGANIZED

 

Access Capital Management Holding, L.L.C (“ACM”)   ANB   2011

 

ACM is a Virginia limited liability company whose sole member is ANB. ACM is the holding company for Capital Fiduciary Advisors, L.L.C. (“CFA”), Access Investment Services, L.L.C. (“AIS”), and Access Insurance Group, L.L.C. (“AIG”). ACM provides a full range of wealth management services to individuals.

 

Capital Fiduciary Advisors, L.L.C.   ACM   2011

 

CFA is a Registered Investment Advisor with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and provides wealth management services to high net worth individuals, businesses, and institutions. Activities are supervised by the Bank’s primary regulator, the Comptroller, as well as the SEC.

 

Access Investment Services, L.L.C.   ACM   2011

 

AIS is a limited liability company whose sole member is ACM. AIS provides financial planning services to clients along with access to a full range of investment products. Activities are supervised by the Bank’s primary regulator, the Comptroller, as well as the SEC.

 

Access Insurance Group, L.L.C.   ACM   2011

 

AIG is a limited liability company whose sole member is ACM. AIG is presently inactive and when activated will provide access to a wide variety of insurance products.

 

Access Capital Trust II   ANC   2003

 

A Delaware corporate trust established for the purpose of issuing trust preferred capital securities.

 

ACME Real Estate, L.L.C (“ACME” or “ACME Real Estate”)   ANB   2007

 

ACME is a Virginia limited liability company whose sole member is ANB. ACME is a real estate holding company whose purpose is to hold title to the properties acquired by the Bank either through foreclosure or property deeded in lieu of foreclosure. Activities are supervised by the Bank’s primary regulator, the Comptroller.

 

The principal products and services offered by the Bank are listed below:

 

BUSINESS BANKING SERVICES   BUSINESS BANKING SERVICES   PERSONAL BANKING
Lending   Cash Management   SERVICES
         

Accounts Receivable Lines of Credit

Accounts Receivable Collection

Accounts

Growth Capital Term Loans

Business Acquisition Financing

Partner Buyout Funding

Debt Re-financing

Franchise Financing

Equipment Financing

Commercial Mortgages

Commercial Construction Loans

SBA Preferred Lender Loans

 

Online Banking

Checking Accounts

Money Market Accounts

Sweep Accounts

Zero Balance Accounts

Overnight Investments

Certificates of Deposit

Business Debit Cards

Lockbox Payment Processing

Payroll Services

Employer Sponsored Retirement Plans

 

Personal Checking Accounts

Savings / Money Market Accounts

Certificates of Deposit

Residential Mortgage Loans

Asset Secured Loans

Loans for Business Investment

Construction Loans

Lot & Land Loans

Investment Management

Financial Planning

Retirement Account Services

Qualified Plans

 

Bank revenues are derived from interest and fees received in connection with loans, deposits, and investments. Interest paid on deposits and borrowings are the major expenses, followed by administrative and operating expenses. Revenues from the Mortgage Division consist primarily of gains from the sale of loans and loan origination fees. Major expenses of the Mortgage Division consist of personnel, advertising, and other operating expenses. Revenue, net of inter-company dividends, generated by the Bank (excluding the Mortgage Division) totaled $38.9 million in 2011. The Mortgage Division contributed $34.3 million; others contributed $1.7 million prior to inter-company eliminations. In 2011, the Bank’s pre-tax earnings amounted to 79.0% of the Corporation’s total income before taxes and the Mortgage Division and others contributed the remaining 21.0%.

 

3
 

 

The economy, interest rates, monetary and fiscal policies of the federal government, and regulatory policies have a significant influence on the Corporation, the Bank, the Mortgage Division, and the banking industry as a whole. The economy shows signs of gradual improvement with the national unemployment rate dropping from 9.1% in January, 2011 to 8.3% in January, 2012. The January, 2012 statement of the Federal Open Market Committee (“FOMC”) projected interest rates will remain low until the end of 2014. The continued low rate environment will help to keep mortgage rates low, which is favorable for mortgage originations, but will continue to stress net interest margins.

 

The Bank operates from five banking centers located in Virginia: Chantilly, Tyson’s Corner, Reston, Leesburg and Manassas, and online at www.accessnationalbank.com. Additional offices may be added from time to time based upon management’s constant analysis of the market and opportunities.

 

The Mortgage Division specializes in the origination of conforming and government insured residential mortgages to individuals in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area, the surrounding areas of its branch locations, outside of its local markets via direct mail solicitation, and otherwise. The Mortgage Division has established offices throughout Virginia; in Fairfax, Reston, Roanoke, and McLean. Offices outside the state of Virginia include Crofton in Maryland, New Smyrna Beach in Florida, Winchester in Massachusetts, Nashville in Tennessee, Denver in Colorado, Indianapolis in Indiana, Atlanta in Georgia, and San Antonio in Texas.

 

The following table details the geographic distribution of the real estate collateral securing mortgage loans originated by the Mortgage Division in the periods indicated. The individually named states are those in which the Mortgage Division had a physical presence during the periods described. In addition to making loans for purchases within its markets, the Mortgage Division makes loans to borrowers for second homes located elsewhere, as well as utilizes direct mail to solicit loans outside its local markets, which practices account for the “Other States” category. Percentages are of the total dollar value of originations, as opposed to the number of originations.

 

   Loan Origination By State 
   Year Ended December 31, 
   Offices   2011   2010   2009 
                 
COLORADO   1    4.56%   3.92%   4.84%
FLORIDA   1    2.40%   0.00%   0.00%
GEORGIA   1    4.90%   4.06%   3.81%
INDIANA   1    9.15%   8.22%   0.78%
MASSACHUSETTS   1    2.30%   2.69%   2.87%
MARYLAND   1    9.15%   8.85%   7.50%
TENNESSEE   1    5.23%   5.60%   3.72%
TEXAS   1    4.86%   4.45%   4.00%
VIRGINIA   6    20.12%   27.92%   22.23%
    14    62.67%   65.71%   49.75%
Other States        37.33%   34.29%   50.25%
         100.00%   100.00%   100.00%

 

The Mortgage Division’s activities rely on insurance provided by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) and the Veterans Administration. In addition we underwrite mortgage loans in accordance with guidelines for programs under Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac that make these loans marketable in the secondary market.

 

The Corporation and its subsidiaries are headquartered in Fairfax County, Virginia and primarily focus on serving the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area.

 

Our Strategy – Historical and Prospective

 

Our view of the financial services marketplace is that community banks must be effective in select market niches that are underserved and should stay clear of competing with large national competitors on a head-to-head basis for broad based consumer business. We started by organizing a de novo national bank in 1999. The focus of the Bank was and is serving the small and medium sized businesses and their associated professionals in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. We find that large national competitors are ineffective at addressing this market; it is difficult to distinguish where a business’s financial needs stop and the personal financial needs of that business’s professionals start. We believe that emerging businesses and the finances of their owners are best served hand-in-hand.

 

4
 

 

Our core competency is judgmental discipline of commercial lending based upon our personnel and practices that help our clients strategize and grow their businesses from a financial perspective. As financial success takes hold in the business, personal goals and wealth objectives of the business owners become increasingly important. Our second competency is a derivative of the first. We have the personnel and know how to provide private banking services and the skills and strategy that assist our individual clients to acquire assets, build wealth, and manage their resources. Mortgage banking and the related activities in our model go hand-in-hand with supplying effective private banking services. Unlike most banking companies, the heart of our Mortgage Division is ingrained into our commercial bank, serving the same clients side-by-side in a coordinated and seamless fashion. We believe that lending is not enough in today’s environment to attract and retain commercial and professional clients. The credit services must be backed up by competitive deposit and cash management products and operational excellence. We have made significant investments in skilled personnel and the latest technology to ensure we can deliver these services.

 

We generally expect to have fewer branch locations compared to similar size banking companies. We do not view our branch network as a significant determinant of our growth. Our marketing strategies focus on benefits other than branch location convenience.

 

The goal was and is to generate 70-80% of the Corporation’s net income from the core business of the Bank, with the rest of our consolidated net income to be generated from related fee income activities. We will consider entering other related fee income businesses that serve our target market as opportunities, market conditions, and our capacity dictate. See Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements for additional information on segment performance.

 

We expect to grow our Bank by continuing to hire and train our own skilled personnel. We provide a sound infrastructure that facilitates the success of businesses, their owners and key personnel, not only today but tomorrow and on into the ensuing decades. We will consider growth by careful acquisition; however, that is not our primary focus.

 

Lending Activities

 

The Bank’s lending activities involve commercial real estate loans, residential mortgage loans, commercial loans, commercial and residential real estate construction loans, home equity loans, and consumer loans. These lending activities provide access to credit to small and medium sized businesses, professionals, and consumers in the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. Loans originated by the Bank are classified as loans held for investment. The Mortgage Division originates residential mortgages and home equity loans that are held on average fifteen to forty-five days pending their sale primarily to mortgage banking subsidiaries of large financial institutions. The Bank is also approved to sell loans directly to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and is able to securitize loans that are insured by the Federal Housing Administration. In the past, when the Mortgage Division was a separate subsidiary of the Bank, the Bank would, in certain circumstances, purchase adjustable rate mortgage loans in the Bank’s market area directly from the Mortgage Corporation to supplement loan growth in the Bank’s portfolio.  These circumstances were infrequent and such purchases totaled $302 thousand in 2011. In the future, the Bank may continue to retain certain loans originated by the Mortgage Division for the same purpose. Loans held in the Bank’s portfolio at December 31, 2011 resulting from the Mortgage Corporation’s inability to sell the loan to a third party totaled $725 thousand. The Mortgage Division also brokers certain loans that do not conform to their existing products.  Each of our principal loan types are described below.

 

At December 31, 2011 loans held for investment totaled $569.4 million compared to $491.5 million at year end 2010. During 2011 the Bank experienced growth in both Commercial Real Estate Loans and Commercial Loans reflecting improvement in the local economic conditions.

 

The Bank’s lending activities are subject to a variety of lending limits imposed by federal law. While differing limits apply in certain circumstances based on the type of loan, in general, the Bank’s lending limit to any one borrower on loans that are not fully secured by readily marketable or other permissible collateral is equal to 15% of the Bank’s capital and surplus. Permissible collateral consists of: inventory, accounts receivable, general intangibles, equipment, real estate, marketable securities, cash, and vehicles. The Bank has established relationships with correspondent banks to participate in loans when loan amounts exceed the Bank’s legal lending limits or internal lending policies. At December 31, 2011 unsecured loans were comprised of $2.9 million in commercial loans and approximately $124 thousand in consumer loans and collectively equal approximately 0.5% of the loans held for investment portfolio.

 

We have an established credit policy that includes procedures for underwriting each type of loan and lending personnel have been assigned specific authorities based upon their experience. Loans in excess of an individual loan officer’s authority are presented to our Loan Committee for approval. The Loan Committee meets weekly to facilitate a timely approval process for our clients. Loans are approved based on the borrower’s capacity for credit, collateral and sources of repayment. Loans are actively monitored to detect any potential performance issues. We manage our loans within the context of a risk grading system developed by management based upon extensive experience in administering loan portfolios in our market. Payment performance is carefully monitored for all loans. When loan repayment is dependent upon an operating business or investment real estate, periodic financial reports, site visits, and select asset verification procedures are used to ensure that we accurately rate the relative risk of our assets. Based upon criteria that are established by management and the Board of Directors, the degree of monitoring is escalated or relaxed for any given borrower based upon our assessment of the future repayment risk.

 

5
 

 

The Bank does not currently hold any pay option adjustable rate mortgages, loans with teaser rates, subprime loans, Alt A loans or any other loans considered to be “high-risk loans” in its loans held for investment portfolio, and did not during 2011, 2010 or 2009. The Mortgage Division does not currently originate any subprime loans or Alt A loans, did not originate such loans in 2011, 2010 or 2009, and does not expect to offer these programs in the future.

 

Loan Portfolio – Loans Held for Investment.  The following outlines the composition of loans held for investment.

 

Commercial Real Estate Loans-Owner Occupied: Loans in this category represent 30.14% of our loan portfolio held for investment, as of December 31, 2011. This category represents loans supporting an owner occupied commercial property. Repayment is dependent upon the cash flows generated by operation of the commercial property. Loans are secured by the subject property and underwritten to policy standards. Policy standards approved by the Board of Directors from time to time set forth, among other considerations, loan to value limits, cash flow coverage ratios, and the general creditworthiness of the obligors.

 

Commercial Real Estate Loans-Non-Owner Occupied: Also known as Commercial Real Estate Loans-Income Producing. Loans in this category represent 18.44% of our loan portfolio held for investment, as of December 31, 2011. This category includes loans secured by commercial property that is leased to third parties and loans to non-profit organizations such as churches and schools. Also included in this category are loans secured by farmland and multifamily properties. Repayment is dependent upon the cash flows generated from rents or by the non-profit organization. Loans are secured by the subject property and underwritten to policy standards. Policy standards approved by the Board of Directors from time to time set forth, among other considerations, loan to value limits, cash flow coverage ratios, and the general creditworthiness of the obligors.

 

Residential Real Estate Loans: This category includes loans secured by first or second mortgages on one to four family residential properties, generally extended to existing consumers of other Bank products, and represents 22.56% of the loan portfolio, as of December 31, 2011. Of this amount, the following sub-categories exist as a percentage of the whole Residential Real Estate Loan portfolio: Home Equity Lines of Credit 16.4%; First Trust Mortgage Loans 70.6%; Loans Secured by a Junior Trust 13.0%.

 

Home Equity Loans are extended to borrowers in our target market. Real estate equity is the largest component of consumer wealth in our marketplace. Once approved, this consumer finance tool allows the borrowers to access the equity in their home or investment property and use the proceeds for virtually any purpose. Home Equity Loans are most frequently secured by a second lien on residential property. One to Four Family Residential First Trust Loan, or First Trust Mortgage Loan, proceeds are used to acquire or refinance the primary financing on owner occupied and residential investment properties. Junior Trust Loans, or Loans Secured by Second Trust Loans, are to consumers wherein the proceeds have been used for a stated consumer purpose. Examples of consumer purposes are education, refinancing debt, or purchasing consumer goods. The loans are generally extended in a single disbursement and repaid over a specified period of time.

 

Loans in the Residential Real Estate portfolio are underwritten to standards within a traditional consumer framework that is periodically reviewed and updated by our management and Board of Directors: repayment source and capacity, value of the underlying property, credit history, savings pattern, and stability.

 

Commercial Loans: Commercial Loans represent 23.15% of our loan portfolio held for investment as of December 31, 2011. These loans are to businesses or individuals within our target market for business purposes. Typically the loan proceeds are used to support working capital and the acquisition of fixed assets of an operating business. These loans are underwritten based upon our assessment of the obligor’s(s’) ability to generate operating cash flow in the future necessary to repay the loan. To address the risks associated with the uncertainties of future cash flow, these loans are generally well secured by assets owned by the business or its principal shareholders and the principal shareholders are typically required to guarantee the loan.

 

Real Estate Construction Loans: Real Estate Construction Loans, also known as construction and land development loans, comprise 5.22% of our held for investment loan portfolio, as of December 31, 2011. These loans generally fall into one of four circumstances: first, loans to construct owner occupied commercial buildings; second, loans to individuals that are ultimately used to acquire property and construct an owner occupied residence; third, loans to builders for the purpose of acquiring property and constructing homes for sale to consumers; and fourth, loans to developers for the purpose of acquiring land that is developed into finished lots for the ultimate construction of residential or commercial buildings. Loans of these types are generally secured by the subject property within limits established by the Board of Directors based upon an assessment of market conditions and up-dated from time to time. The loans typically carry recourse to principal borrowers. In addition to the repayment risk associated with loans to individuals and businesses, loans in this category carry construction completion risk. To address this additional risk, loans of this type are subject to additional administrative procedures designed to verify and ensure progress of the project in accordance with allocated funding, project specifications, and time frames.

 

6
 

 

Consumer Loans: Consumer Loans make up approximately 0.49% of our loan portfolio, as of December 31, 2011. Most loans are well secured with assets other than real estate, such as marketable securities or automobiles. Very few loans are unsecured. As a matter of operation, management discourages unsecured lending. Loans in this category are underwritten to standards within a traditional consumer framework that is periodically reviewed and updated by our management and Board of Directors: repayment source and capacity, collateral value, credit history, savings pattern, and stability.

 

Loans Held for Sale (“LHFS”). Loans in this category are originated by the Mortgage Division and comprised of residential mortgage loans extended to consumers and underwritten in accordance with standards set forth by an institutional investor to whom we expect to sell the loan. Loan proceeds are used for the purchase or refinance of the property securing the loan. Loans are sold with the servicing released to the investor. The LHFS loans are closed in our name and carried on our books until the loan is delivered to and purchased by an investor, generally within fifteen to forty-five days. In 2011, we originated $797.0 million of loans processed in this manner, down from $824.7 million in 2010. At December 31, 2011 loans held for sale totaled $95.1 million compared to $82.2 million at year end 2010. The amount of loans held for sale outstanding at the end of any given month fluctuates with the volume of loans closed during the month and the timing of loans purchased by investors.

 

Brokered Loans

 

Brokered loans are underwritten and closed by a third party lender. We are paid a fee for procuring and packaging brokered loans. In 2011, we originated a total volume of $34.6 million in residential mortgage loans under this type of delivery method compared to $84.2 million in 2010. Brokered loans accounted for 4.2% and 9.3% of the total loan volume of the Mortgage Division at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The risks associated with this activity are limited to losses or claims arising from fraud.

 

Deposits

 

Deposits are the primary source of funding loan growth. At December 31, 2011 deposits totaled $645.0 million compared to $627.8 million on December 31, 2010.

 

Market Area

 

The Corporation, the Bank, and the Mortgage Division are headquartered in Fairfax County and primarily serve the Northern Virginia region and the Greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. We believe that the economic conditions in Fairfax County provide a reasonable proxy for economic conditions across our primary market, the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. Fairfax County is a diverse and thriving urban county. As per the 2010 Census, the population of the county was 1,081,726, making it the most populous jurisdiction in the Commonwealth of Virginia, with about 13.5% of Virginia's population. The proximity to Washington, D.C. and the influence of the federal government and its spending provides somewhat of a recession shelter for the area. Virginia receives more federal procurement dollars than any other state and Fairfax County ranks the highest among counties. Forbes Magazine has ranked Virginia number 1 or number 2 among the best states for businesses in each of the last 6 years. The U.S. Census Bureau and the Fairfax County government provide the following information about current economic conditions and trends in Fairfax County.

 

The median sales price of new single-family homes in Fairfax County that sold in January through November, 2011 was $865,649, an increase of 4.2% compared to the 2010 median of $831,000, and up 9.3% from $791,984 in 2009. In 2011 building permits for single family homes in Fairfax County totaled 799 units, compared to 847 units in 2010, and 766 units in 2009.

 

The commercial office vacancy rate in Fairfax County at year end 2011 was 18.3%, up from 17.8% at year end 2010. The increase in vacancy rates is partially attributable to space vacated by the military and government as a result of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment and Commission. While vacancy rates and building permits are common measures of the general health of the real estate industry, we have not discerned any material correlation between such measures and the performance of our loan portfolio.

 

At December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Bank had approximately $105 million and $81 million, respectively in non-owner income producing commercial real estate loans. The properties securing these loans are generally small office buildings and industrial properties located in our trade area with less than ten tenants. Income producing property loans are underwritten with personal and business guarantees that provide secondary sources of repayment and mitigate market risk factors.

 

The unemployment rate for Fairfax County was 4.2% in December, 2011 compared to 6.1% for the state of Virginia and 8.5% for the nation. At December 31, 2010 the unemployment rate for Fairfax County was 4.4%, 6.4% for the state of Virginia and 9.1% for the nation.

 

The median household income in Fairfax County was $103,010 in 2010 up from $102,499 in 2009 and down from $107,400 in 2008.

 

7
 

 

Competition

 

The Bank competes with virtually all banks and financial institutions which offer services in its market area. Much of this competition comes from large financial institutions headquartered outside the state of Virginia, each of which has greater financial and other resources to conduct large advertising campaigns and offer incentives. To attract business in this competitive environment, the Bank relies on personal contact by its officers and directors, local promotional activities, and the ability to provide personalized custom services to small and medium sized businesses and professionals. In addition to providing full service banking, the Bank offers and promotes alternative and modern conveniences such as internet banking, automated clearinghouse transactions, remote deposit capture, and courier services for commercial clients. Because federal regulation of financial institutions changes regularly and is the subject of constant legislative debate, we cannot foresee how federal regulation of financial institutions may change in the future. However, it is possible that current and future governmental regulatory and economic initiatives could impact the competitive landscape in the Bank’s markets.

 

Employees

 

At December 31, 2011 the Corporation had 286 employees, 104 of whom were employed by the Bank (excluding the Mortgage Division), 174 of whom were employed by the Mortgage Division, and 8 of whom were employed by the wealth management subsidiaries. None of the employees of the Corporation is subject to a collective bargaining agreement. Management considers employee relations to be good.

 

Supervision and Regulation

Set forth below is a brief description of the material laws and regulations that affect the Corporation. The description of these statutes and regulations is only a summary and does not purport to be complete. This discussion is qualified in its entirety by reference to the statutes and regulations summarized below. No assurance can be given that these statutes or regulations will not change in the future.

 

General. The Corporation is subject to the periodic reporting requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which include, but are not limited to, the filing of annual, quarterly, and other reports with the SEC. As an Exchange Act reporting company, the Corporation is directly affected by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “SOX”), which aimed at improving corporate governance and reporting procedures and requires expanded disclosure of the Corporation’s corporate operations and internal controls, among other things.

 

When enacted in 2002, Section 404(a) of the SOX required public companies to include in their annual reports on Form 10-K an assessment from management of the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting, and Section 404(b) of the SOX required the company’s auditor to attest to and report on management’s assessment. From 2002 through 2012, the SEC had delayed implementation of Section 404(b) of the SOX for public companies with a public float below $75 million (i.e. companies that are smaller reporting companies or non-accelerated filers). In July 2010, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) permanently exempted smaller reporting companies and non-accelerated filers from Section 404(b) of the SOX, and the SEC made conforming amendments to certain of its rules and forms in September 2010. The Corporation has voluntarily provided an attestation by the Corporation’s auditor on management’s assessment of the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The Corporation is a bank holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, and is registered as such with, and subject to the supervision of, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (the “FRB”). Generally, a bank holding company is required to obtain the approval of the FRB before it may acquire all or substantially all of the assets of any bank, and before it may acquire ownership or control of the voting shares of any bank if, after giving effect to the acquisition, the bank holding company would own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of such bank. The FRB’s approval is also required for the merger or consolidation of bank holding companies.

 

The Corporation is required to file periodic reports with the FRB and provide any additional information as the FRB may require. The FRB also has the authority to examine the Corporation and the Bank, as well as any arrangements between the Corporation and the Bank, with the cost of any such examinations to be borne by the Corporation. The FRB has the power to order any bank holding company or its subsidiaries to terminate any activity or to terminate its ownership or control of any subsidiary when the FRB has reasonable grounds to believe that continuation of such activity or ownership constitutes a serious risk to the financial soundness, safety or stability of any bank subsidiary of the bank holding company.

 

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Banking subsidiaries of bank holding companies are also subject to certain restrictions imposed by federal law in dealings with their holding companies and other affiliates. Subject to certain restrictions set forth in the Federal Reserve Act, a bank can loan or extend credit to an affiliate, purchase or invest in the securities of an affiliate, purchase assets from an affiliate or issue a guarantee, acceptance or letter of credit on behalf of an affiliate, as long as the aggregate amount of such transactions of a bank and its subsidiaries with its affiliates does not exceed 10% of the capital stock and surplus of the bank on a per affiliate basis or 20% of the capital stock and surplus of the bank on an aggregate affiliate basis. In addition, such transactions must be on terms and conditions that are consistent with safe and sound banking practices. In particular, a bank and its subsidiaries generally may not purchase from an affiliate a low-quality asset, as defined in the Federal Reserve Act. These restrictions also prevent a bank holding company and its other affiliates from borrowing from a banking subsidiary of the bank holding company unless the loans are secured by marketable collateral of designated amounts. Additionally, the Corporation and its subsidiary are prohibited from engaging in certain tie-in arrangements in connection with any extension of credit, sale or lease of property or furnishing of services.

 

A bank holding company is prohibited from engaging in or acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company engaged in non-banking activities. A bank holding company may, however, engage in or acquire an interest in a company that engages in activities which the FRB has determined by regulation or order are so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident to banking. In making these determinations, the FRB considers whether the performance of such activities by a bank holding company would offer advantages to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects.

 

As a national bank, the Bank is subject to regulation, supervision, and regular examination by the Comptroller. Each depositor’s account with the Bank is insured by the FDIC to the maximum amount permitted by law. The Bank is also subject to certain regulations promulgated by the FRB and applicable provisions of Virginia law, insofar as they do not conflict with or are not preempted by federal banking law.

 

The regulations of the FDIC, the Comptroller, and FRB govern most aspects of the Corporation’s business, including deposit reserve requirements, investments, loans, certain check clearing activities, issuance of securities, payment of dividends, branching, deposit interest rate ceilings, and numerous other matters.

 

As a consequence of the extensive regulation of commercial banking activities in the United States, the Corporation’s business is particularly susceptible to changes in state and federal legislation and regulations, which may have the effect of increasing the cost of doing business, limiting permissible activities or increasing competition.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act.   On July 21, 2010, the Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law. The Dodd-Frank Act, among other things includes the following:

 

·Creates a new consumer financial protection bureau that will have rulemaking authority for a wide range of consumer protection laws that would apply to all banks and have broad powers to supervise and enforce consumer protection laws.

 

·Changes standards for Federal preemption of state laws related to federally chartered institutions and their subsidiaries.

 

·Permanently increases the deposit insurance coverage to $250 thousand and provides unlimited federal deposit insurance for noninterest-bearing demand transaction accounts at all insured depository institutions until December 31, 2012, and allows depository institutions to pay interest on business checking accounts starting July 2011.

 

·Changes the assessment base for federal deposit insurance from the amount of insured deposits to consolidated assets less tangible capital, eliminates the ceiling on the size of the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF’), and increases the floor of the size of the DIF.

 

·Many aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act are subject to rulemaking and will take effect over several years, making it difficult to anticipate the overall financial impact on the Corporation, its subsidiaries, its customers or the financial industry more generally. Provisions in the legislation that affect the payment of interest on demand deposits and interchange fees are likely to increase the costs associated with deposits as well as place limitations on certain revenues those deposits may generate. Provisions in the legislation that revoke the Tier 1 capital treatment of trust preferred securities and otherwise require revisions to the capital requirements of the Corporation and the Bank could require the Corporation and the Bank to seek other sources of capital in the future. Some of the rules that have been proposed and, in some cases, adopted to comply with the Dodd-Frank Act’s mandates are discussed further below.

 

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Dividends. There are both federal and state regulatory restrictions on dividend payments by both the Bank and the Corporation that may affect the Corporation’s ability to pay dividends on its common stock. As a bank holding company, the Corporation is a separate legal entity from the Bank. Virtually all of the Corporation’s income results from dividends paid to the Corporation by the Bank. The amount of dividends that may be paid by the Bank depends upon the Bank’s net income and capital position and is limited by federal and state law, regulations, and policies. In addition to specific regulations governing the permissibility of dividends, both the FRB and the Virginia Bureau of Financial Institutions are generally authorized to prohibit payment of dividends if they determine that the payment of dividends by the Bank would be an unsafe and unsound banking practice. The Corporation meets all regulatory requirements and began paying dividends in February 2006. The Corporation paid dividends totaling $1.4 million in 2011. See “Item 5 - Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities”.

 

Capital Requirements. The FRB, the Comptroller, and the FDIC have adopted risk-based capital adequacy guidelines for bank holding companies and banks. These capital adequacy regulations are based upon a risk-based capital determination, whereby a bank holding company’s capital adequacy is determined in light of the risk, both on and off-balance sheet, contained in the company’s assets. Different categories of assets are assigned risk weightings and are counted at a percentage of their book value.

 

The regulations divide capital between Tier 1 capital (core capital) and Tier 2 capital. For a bank holding company, Tier 1 capital consists primarily of common stock, related surplus, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock, minority interests in consolidated subsidiaries, and a limited amount of qualifying cumulative preferred securities. Goodwill and certain other intangibles are excluded from Tier 1 capital. Further, as long as the Corporation has total consolidated assets of less than $15 billion, the Corporation may include in Tier 1 and total capital the Corporation’s trust preferred securities that were issued before May 19, 2010. Tier 2 capital consists of an amount equal to the allowance for loan and lease losses up to a maximum of 1.25% of risk-weighted assets, limited other types of preferred stock not included in Tier 1 capital, hybrid capital instruments, and term subordinated debt. Investments in and loans to unconsolidated banking and finance subsidiaries that constitute capital of those subsidiaries are excluded from capital. The sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital constitutes qualifying total capital. The guidelines generally require banks to maintain a total qualifying capital to weighted risk assets level of 8% (the “Risk-based Capital Ratio”). Of the total 8%, at least 4% of the total qualifying capital to risk weighted assets (the “Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio”) must be Tier 1 capital.

 

The FRB, the Comptroller, and the FDIC have adopted leverage requirements that apply in addition to the risk-based capital requirements. Banks and bank holding companies are required to maintain a minimum leverage ratio of Tier 1 capital to average total consolidated assets (the “Leverage Ratio”) of at least 3% for the most highly-rated, financially sound banks and bank holding companies and a minimum Leverage Ratio of at least 4% for all other banks. The FDIC and the FRB define Tier 1 capital for banks in the same manner for both the Leverage Ratio and the Risk-based Capital Ratio. However, the FRB defines Tier 1 capital for bank holding companies in a slightly different manner. An institution may be required to maintain Tier 1 capital of at least 4% or 5%, or possibly higher, depending upon the activities, risks, rate of growth, and other factors deemed material by regulatory authorities. As of December 31, 2011, the Corporation and Bank both met all applicable capital requirements imposed by regulation.

 

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”).   There are five capital categories applicable to insured institutions, each with specific regulatory consequences. If the appropriate federal banking agency determines, after notice and an opportunity for hearing, that an insured institution is in an unsafe or unsound condition, it may reclassify the institution to the next lower capital category (other than critically undercapitalized) and require the submission of a plan to correct the unsafe or unsound condition. The Comptroller has issued regulations to implement these provisions. Under these regulations, the categories are:

 

a.     Well Capitalized — The institution exceeds the required minimum level for each relevant capital measure. A well capitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of 10% or greater, (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of 6% or greater, (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of 5% or greater and (iv) that is not subject to any order or written directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.

 

b.     Adequately Capitalized — The institution meets the required minimum level for each relevant capital measure. No capital distribution may be made that would result in the institution becoming undercapitalized. An adequately capitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of 8% or greater, (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of 4% or greater and (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of 4% or greater or a Leverage Ratio of 3% or greater if the institution is rated composite 1 under the CAMELS (Capital, Assets, Management, Earnings, Liquidity, and Sensitivity to market risk) rating system.

 

c.     Undercapitalized — The institution fails to meet the required minimum level for any relevant capital measure. An undercapitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 8% or (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 4% or (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of less than 4%, or if the institution is rated a composite 1 under the CAMEL rating system, a Leverage Ratio of less than 3%.

 

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d.     Significantly Undercapitalized — The institution is significantly below the required minimum level for any relevant capital measure. A significantly undercapitalized institution is one (i) having a Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 6% or (ii) having a Tier 1 Risk-based Capital Ratio of less than 3% or (iii) having a Leverage Ratio of less than 3%.

 

e.     Critically Undercapitalized — The institution fails to meet a critical capital level set by the appropriate federal banking agency. A critically undercapitalized institution is one having a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2%.

 

An institution which is less than adequately capitalized must adopt an acceptable capital restoration plan, is subject to increased regulatory oversight, and is increasingly restricted in the scope of its permissible activities. Each company having control over an undercapitalized institution must provide a limited guarantee that the institution will comply with its capital restoration plan. Except under limited circumstances consistent with an accepted capital restoration plan, an undercapitalized institution may not grow. An undercapitalized institution may not acquire another institution, establish additional branch offices or engage in any new line of business unless determined by the appropriate federal banking agency to be consistent with an accepted capital restoration plan, or unless the FDIC determines that the proposed action will further the purpose of prompt corrective action. The appropriate Federal banking agency may take any action authorized for a significantly undercapitalized institution if an undercapitalized institution fails to submit an acceptable capital restoration plan or fails in any material respect to implement a plan accepted by the agency. A critically undercapitalized institution is subject to having a receiver or conservator appointed to manage its affairs and for loss of its charter to conduct banking activities.

 

An insured depository institution may not pay a management fee to a bank holding company controlling that institution or any other person having control of the institution if, after making the payment, the institution, would be undercapitalized. In addition, an institution cannot make a capital distribution, such as a dividend or other distribution that is in substance a distribution of capital to the owners of the institution if following such a distribution the institution would be undercapitalized. Thus, if payment of such a management fee or the making of such would cause the Bank to become undercapitalized, it could not pay a management fee or dividend to the Corporation.

 

As of December 31, 2011, both the Corporation and the Bank were considered “well capitalized.”

 

Basel III Capital Framework. In December 2010, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (the “Basel Committee”) released its final framework for strengthening international capital and liquidity regulation, now officially identified by the Basel Committee as "Basel III". Basel III, when implemented by the U.S. banking agencies and fully phased-in, will require bank holding companies and their bank subsidiaries to maintain substantially more capital, with a greater emphasis on common equity. Implementation is presently scheduled to be phased in between 2014 and 2019, although it is possible that implementation may be delayed as a result of multiple factors including the current condition of the banking industry within the U.S. and abroad.

 

The Basel III final capital framework, among other things, (i) introduces as a new capital measure "Common Equity Tier 1" (“CET1”), (ii) specifies that Tier 1 capital consists of CET1 and "Additional Tier 1 capital" instruments meeting specified requirements, (iii) defines CET1 narrowly by requiring that most adjustments to regulatory capital measures be made to CET1 and not to the other components of capital and (iv) expands the scope of the adjustments as compared to existing regulations.

 

When fully phased in on January 1, 2019, Basel III requires banks to maintain (i) as a newly adopted international standard, a minimum ratio of CET1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 4.5%, plus a 2.5% "capital conservation buffer" (which is added to the 4.5% CET1 ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum ratio of CET1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 7%), (ii) a minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 6.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 6.0% Tier 1 capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5% upon full implementation), (iii) a minimum ratio of Total (that is, Tier 1 plus Tier 2) capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 8.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 8.0% total capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum total capital ratio of 10.5% upon full implementation) and (iv) as a newly adopted international standard, a minimum leverage ratio of 3%, calculated as the ratio of Tier 1 capital to balance sheet exposures plus certain off-balance sheet exposures (computed as the average for each quarter of the month-end ratios for the quarter).

 

Basel III also provides for a "countercyclical capital buffer," generally to be imposed when national regulators determine that excess aggregate credit growth becomes associated with a buildup of systemic risk, that would be a CET1 add-on to the capital conservation buffer in the range of 0% to 2.5% when fully implemented (potentially resulting in total buffers of between 2.5% and 5%).

 

The aforementioned capital conservation buffer is designed to absorb losses during periods of economic stress. Banking institutions with a ratio of CET1 to risk-weighted assets above the minimum but below the conservation buffer (or below the combined capital conservation buffer and countercyclical capital buffer, when the latter is applied) will face constraints on dividends, equity repurchases and compensation based on the amount of the shortfall.

 

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The implementation of the Basel III final framework will commence January 1, 2013. On that date, banking institutions will be required to meet the following minimum capital ratios:

 

·3.5% CET1 to risk-weighted assets.
·4.5% Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets.
·8.0% Total capital to risk-weighted assets.

 

The Basel III final framework provides for a number of new deductions from and adjustments to CET1. These include, for example, the requirement that mortgage servicing rights, deferred tax assets dependent upon future taxable income and significant investments in non-consolidated financial entities be deducted from CET1 to the extent that any one such category exceeds 10% of CET1 or all such categories in the aggregate exceed 15% of CET1.

 

Implementation of the deductions and other adjustments to CET1 will begin on January 1, 2014 and will be phased-in over a five-year period (20% per year). The implementation of the capital conservation buffer will begin on January 1, 2016 at 0.625% and be phased in over a four-year period (increasing by that amount on each subsequent January 1, until it reaches 2.5% on January 1, 2019).

 

The U.S. banking agencies have indicated informally that they expect to propose regulations implementing Basel III in mid-2012. Notwithstanding its release of the Basel III framework as a final framework, the Basel Committee is considering further amendments to Basel III, including the imposition of additional capital surcharges on globally systemically important financial institutions. In addition to Basel III, the Dodd-Frank Act (as defined and discussed above) requires or permits the federal banking agencies to adopt regulations affecting banking institutions' capital requirements in a number of respects, including potentially more stringent capital requirements for systemically important financial institutions. Accordingly, the regulations ultimately applicable to the Corporation may be substantially different from the Basel III final framework as published in December 2010. Requirements to maintain higher levels of capital or to maintain higher levels of liquid assets could adversely impact the Corporation’s net income and return on equity.

 

Deposit Insurance. The Bank's deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the DIF of the FDIC. In November 2010, the FDIC issued a Final Rule implementing section 343 of the Dodd-Frank Act that provides for unlimited insurance coverage of certain noninterest-bearing accounts. Beginning December 31, 2010, through December 31, 2012, all noninterest-bearing transaction accounts are fully insured, regardless of the balance of the account, at all FDIC-insured institutions. The unlimited insurance coverage is available to all depositors, including consumers, businesses, and government entities. This unlimited insurance coverage is separate from, and in addition to, the insurance coverage provided to a depositor’s other deposit accounts held at an FDIC-insured institution.

 

The FDIC has set a designated reserve ratio of 1.35% ($1.35 for each $100 of insured deposits) for the DIF. The Federal Deposit Insurance Act of 2005 (“FDIC Act”) provides the FDIC Board of Directors the authority to set the designated reserve ratio between 1.15% and 1.50%. The FDIC must adopt a restoration plan when the reserve ratio falls below 1.15% and begin paying dividends when the reserve ratio exceeds 1.35%. There is no requirement to achieve a specific ratio within a given timeframe. The DIF reserve ratio calculated by the FDIC at December 31, 2010 was a negative .12% and therefore, the FDIC needs to increase premiums charged to banks.

 

In 2010, the annual insurance premiums on bank deposits insured by the DIF varied between $.07 per $100 of deposits for banks classified in the highest capital and supervisory evaluation categories to $.78 per $100 of deposits for banks classified in the lowest capital and supervisory evaluation categories.

 

On November 12, 2009, the FDIC adopted a final rule requiring depository institutions to prepay their estimated quarterly insurance premium for fourth quarter 2009 and all of 2010, 2011 and 2012. The Bank prepaid $2.8 million of such premium on December 30, 2009 and $1.7 million remained as a prepaid balance at December 31, 2011.

 

In February 2011, the FDIC approved a final rule that changes the assessment base from domestic deposits to average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity (defined as Tier 1 capital); adopts a new large-bank pricing assessment scheme; and sets a target size for the DIF. The changes went into effect beginning with the second quarter of 2011 and were payable at the end of September 2011. The rule, as mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act, finalizes a target size for the DIF at 2 percent of insured deposits. It also implements a lower assessment rate schedule when the fund reaches 1.15 percent and, in lieu of dividends, provides for a lower rate schedule when the reserve ratio reaches 2 percent and 2.5 percent.

 

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (the “GLBA”) implemented major changes to the statutory framework for providing banking and other financial services in the United States. The GLBA, among other things, eliminated many of the restrictions on affiliations among banks, and securities firms, insurance firms, and other financial service providers. A bank holding company that qualifies as a financial holding company will be permitted to engage in activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complimentary to financial activities. The activities that the GLBA expressly lists as financial in nature include insurance underwriting, sales and brokerage activities, providing financial and investment advisory services, underwriting services, and limited merchant banking activities.

 

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To become eligible for these expanded activities, a bank holding company must qualify as a financial holding company. To qualify as a financial holding company, each insured depository institution controlled by the bank holding company must be well-capitalized, well-managed and have at least a satisfactory rating under the Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”). In addition, the bank holding company must file with the FRB a declaration of its intention to become a financial holding company. While the Corporation satisfies these requirements, the Corporation has not elected for various reasons to be treated as a financial holding company under the GLBA.

 

We do not believe that the GLBA has had a material adverse impact on the Corporation’s or the Bank’s operations. To the extent that it allows banks, securities firms and insurance firms to affiliate, the financial services industry may experience further consolidation. The GLBA may have the result of increasing competition that we face from larger institutions and other companies offering financial products and services, many of which may have substantially greater financial resources.

 

The GLBA and certain other regulations issued by federal banking agencies also provide new protections against the transfer and use by financial institutions of consumer nonpublic personal information. A financial institution must provide to its customers, at the beginning of the customer relationship and annually thereafter, the institution’s policies and procedures regarding the handling of customers’ nonpublic personal financial information. These privacy provisions generally prohibit a financial institution from providing a customer’s personal financial information to unaffiliated third parties unless the institution discloses to the customer that the information may be so provided and the customer is given the opportunity to opt out of such disclosure.

 

Community Reinvestment Act.  The Bank is subject to the requirements of CRA. The CRA imposes on financial institutions an affirmative and ongoing obligation to meet the credit needs of their local communities, including low and moderate-income neighborhoods, consistent with the safe and sound operation of those institutions. A financial institution’s efforts in meeting community credit needs currently are evaluated as part of the examination process pursuant to three performance tests. These factors also are considered in evaluating mergers, acquisitions, and applications to open a branch or facility.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) of Atlanta. The Bank is a member of the FHLB of Atlanta, which is one of twelve regional FHLBs that provide funding to their members for making housing loans as well as for affordable housing and community development lending. Each FHLB serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region. It is funded primarily from proceeds derived from the sale of consolidated obligations of the FHLB System. It makes loans to members (i.e., advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the Board of Directors of the FHLB. As a member the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB in an amount equal to 4.5% of aggregate outstanding advances in addition to the membership stock requirement of 0.2% of the Bank’s total assets.

 

Mortgage Banking Regulation. The Mortgage Division is subject to the rules and regulations of, and examination by, HUD, the Federal Housing Administration, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and state regulatory authorities with respect to originating, processing, and selling mortgage loans. Those rules and regulations, among other things, establish standards for loan origination, prohibit discrimination, provide for inspections and appraisals of property, require credit reports on prospective borrowers, and, in some cases, restrict certain loan features and fix maximum interest rates and fees. In addition to other federal laws, mortgage origination activities are subject to the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Truth-in-Lending Act, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, and Home Ownership Equity Protection Act, and the regulations promulgated there under. These laws prohibit discrimination, require the disclosure of certain basic information to mortgagors concerning credit and settlement costs, limit payment for settlement services to the reasonable value of the services rendered, and require the maintenance and disclosure of information regarding the disposition of mortgage applications based on race, gender, geographical distribution, and income level.

 

USA PATRIOT Act.    The USA PATRIOT Act became effective on October 26, 2001 and provides for the facilitation of information sharing among governmental entities and financial institutions for the purpose of combating terrorism and money laundering. Among other provisions, the USA PATRIOT Act permits financial institutions, upon providing notice to the U.S. Treasury, to share information with one another in order to better identify and report to the federal government concerning activities that may involve money laundering or terrorists’ activities. The USA PATRIOT Act is considered a significant banking law in terms of information disclosure regarding certain customer transactions. Certain provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act impose the obligation to establish anti-money laundering programs, including the development of a customer identification program, and the screening of all customers against any government lists of known or suspected terrorists. Although it does create a reporting obligation and a cost of compliance, the Bank does not expect the USA PATRIOT Act to materially affect its products, services or other business activities.

 

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Reporting Terrorist Activities.   The Federal Bureau of Investigation (“FBI”) has sent, and will send, our banking regulatory agencies lists of the names of persons suspected of involvement in terrorist activities. The Bank has been requested, and will be requested, to search its records for any relationships or transactions with persons on those lists. If the Bank finds any relationships or transactions, it must file a suspicious activity report and contact the FBI.

 

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), which is a division of the U.S. Treasury, is responsible for helping to insure that United States entities do not engage in transactions with “enemies” of the United States, as defined by various Executive Orders and Acts of Congress. OFAC has sent, and will send, our banking regulatory agencies lists of names of persons and organizations suspected of aiding, harboring or engaging in terrorist acts, and publicly releases information on designations of persons and organizations suspected in engaging in these activities. If the Bank finds a name on any transaction, account or wire transfer that is on an OFAC list, it must freeze such account, file a suspicious activity report and notify the FBI. The Bank has appointed an OFAC compliance officer to oversee the inspection of its accounts and the filing of any notifications. The Bank actively checks high-risk OFAC areas such as new accounts, wire transfers, and customer files. The Bank performs these checks utilizing software, which is updated each time a modification is made to the lists provided by OFAC and other agencies of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons.

 

Consumer Laws and Regulations. The Bank is also subject to certain consumer laws and regulations that are designed to protect consumers in transactions with banks. While the list set forth herein is not exhaustive, these laws and regulations include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, and the Fair Housing Act, among others. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions transact business with customers. The Bank must comply with the applicable provisions of these consumer protection laws and regulations as part of its ongoing customer relations.

 

Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program. On November 21, 2008, the Board of Directors of the FDIC adopted a final rule relating to the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (“TLG Program”). The TLG Program was announced by the FDIC on October 14, 2008, preceded by the determination of systemic risk by the Secretary of the Department of Treasury (after consultation with the President), as an initiative to counter the system-wide crisis in the nation’s financial sector. Under the TLG Program the FDIC will (i) guarantee, through the earlier of maturity or December 31, 2012, certain newly issued senior unsecured debt issued by participating institutions on or after October 14, 2008, and before October 31, 2009 and (ii) provide full FDIC deposit insurance coverage for noninterest-bearing transaction deposit accounts, Negotiable Order of Withdrawal (“NOW”) accounts paying less than 0.5% interest per annum and Interest on Lawyers Trust Accounts held at participating FDIC insured institutions through June 30, 2010, extended by subsequent amendment from December 31, 2009. Coverage under the TLG Program was available for the first 30 days without charge. The fee assessment for coverage of senior unsecured debt ranges from 50 basis points to 125 basis points per annum, depending on the initial maturity of the debt and its date of issuance. The fee assessment for deposit insurance coverage on amounts in covered accounts exceeding $250,000 was an annualized 10 basis points through December 31, 2009 and was an annualized 15 basis points for coverage in 2010 for institutions in risk category 1. The Bank elected to participate in both guarantee programs. On February 11, 2009 the Bank issued $30.0 million in new senior unsecured debt at 2.74% maturing February 15, 2012 under the TLG Program. The proceeds to the Bank from the issuance of senior unsecured debt under the TLGP were used to repay FHLB short term borrowings and to provide additional liquidity. The Bank repaid the debt at maturity on February 15, 2012.

 

Incentive Compensation. In June 2010, the FRB, the Comptroller and the FDIC issued a comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization’s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization’s board of directors.

 

The FRB will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of banking organizations, such as the Corporation, that are not “large, complex banking organizations.” These reviews will be tailored to each organization based on the scope and complexity of the organization's activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the organization's supervisory ratings, which can affect the organization's ability to make acquisitions and take other actions. Enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the organization's safety and soundness and the organization is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.

 

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The Dodd-Frank Act requires the SEC and the federal bank regulatory agencies to establish joint regulations or guidelines that require financial institutions with assets of at least $1 billion to disclose the structure of their incentive compensation practices and prohibit such institutions from maintaining compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risk-taking by providing excessive compensation or that could lead to material financial loss to the financial institution. The SEC and the federal bank regulatory agencies proposed such regulations in March 2011, which may become effective before the end of 2012. If the regulations are adopted in the form initially proposed, they will impose limitations on the manner in which the Corporation may structure compensation for its executives only if the Corporation’s total consolidated assets exceed $1 billion. These proposed regulations incorporate the three principles discussed in the June 2010 comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation that was issued by the Federal Reserve, the OCC and the FDIC in June 2010.

 

Restrictions on Proprietary Trading. The Dodd-Frank Act requires the federal financial regulatory agencies to adopt rules that prohibit banks and their affiliates from engaging in proprietary trading and investing in and sponsoring certain unregistered investment companies (defined as hedge funds and private equity funds), with implementation starting as early as July 2012. This provision of the Dodd-Frank Act is commonly called the “Volcker Rule.” In October 2011, federal financial regulators proposed rules to implement the Volcker Rule that included an extensive request for comments on the proposed rules. The proposed rules are highly complex and many aspects of their application remain uncertain. Based on the proposed rules, the Corporation does not currently anticipate that the Volcker Rule will have a material effect on the operations of the Corporation or the Bank, as the Corporation and the Bank do not engage in the businesses prohibited by the Volcker Rule. Until final rules are adopted, the precise financial impact of these rules on the Corporation and the financial industry cannot be determined.

 

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

 

Risks Related to the Corporation’s Business

 

Our future success will depend on our ability to compete effectively in the highly competitive financial services industry in Northern Virginia.

 

We face substantial competition in all phases of our operations from a variety of different competitors. In particular, there is very strong competition for financial services in Northern Virginia and the greater Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area in which we conduct a substantial portion of our business. We compete with commercial banks, credit unions, savings and loan associations, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies, securities brokerage firms, insurance companies, money market funds and other mutual funds, as well as other local and community, super-regional, national and international financial institutions that operate offices in our primary market areas and elsewhere. Our future growth and success will depend on our ability to compete effectively in this highly competitive financial services environment. Many of our competitors are well-established, larger financial institutions and many offer products and services that we do not. Many have substantially greater resources, name recognition and market presence that benefit them in attracting business. Some of our competitors are not subject to the same regulation as is imposed on bank holding companies and federally-insured national banks, including credit unions which do not pay federal income tax, and, therefore, have regulatory advantages over us in accessing funding and in providing various services. While we believe we compete effectively with these other financial institutions in our primary markets, we may face a competitive disadvantage as a result of our smaller size, smaller asset base, lack of geographic diversification and inability to spread our marketing costs across a broader market. If we have to raise interest rates paid on deposits or lower interest rates charged on loans to compete effectively, our net interest margin and income could be negatively affected. Failure to compete effectively to attract new or to retain existing clients may reduce or limit our net income and our market share and may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and growth.

 

Our profitability depends on interest rates generally, and we may be adversely affected by changes in government monetary policy or by fluctuations in interest rates.

 

Our profitability depends in substantial part on our net interest margin, which is the difference between the rates we receive on loans and investments and the rates we pay for deposits and other sources of funds. Our net interest margin depends on many factors that are partly or completely outside of our control, including competition, federal economic, monetary and fiscal policies, and economic conditions generally. Our net interest income will be adversely affected if market interest rates change so that the interest we pay on deposits and borrowings increases faster than the interest we earn on loans and investments.

 

Changes in interest rates, particularly by the Board of Governors of the FRB, which implements national monetary policy in order to mitigate recessionary and inflationary pressures, also affect the value of our loans. In setting its policy, the FRB may utilize techniques such as: (i) engaging in open market transactions in United States government securities; (ii) setting the discount rate on member bank borrowings; and (iii) determining reserve requirements. These techniques may have an adverse effect on our deposit levels, net interest margin, loan demand or our business and operations. In addition, an increase in interest rates could adversely affect borrowers’ ability to pay the principal or interest on existing loans or reduce their desire to borrow more money. This may lead to an increase in our non-performing assets, a decrease in loan originations, or a reduction in the value of and income from our loans, any of which could have a material and negative effect on our results of operations. We try to minimize our exposure to interest rate risk, but we are unable to completely eliminate this risk. Fluctuations in market rates and other market disruptions are neither predictable nor controllable and may have a material and negative effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations

 

15
 

 

At December 31, 2011 approximately 73.2% of the loans held for investment were variable rate loans. A majority of these loans are based on the prime rate and will adjust upwards as the prime rate increases. While the variable rate structure on these loans reduces interest rate risk for the Bank, increases in rates may cause the borrower’s required payment to increase which, in turn, may increase the risk of payment default.

  

Because we make loans primarily to local small and medium sized businesses, our profitability depends significantly on local economic conditions, particularly real estate values, and the success of those businesses.

 

As a lender, we are exposed to the risk that our loan clients may not repay their loans according to their terms and any collateral securing payment may be insufficient to fully compensate us for the outstanding balance of the loan plus the costs we incur disposing of the collateral. Although we have collateral for most of our loans, that collateral can fluctuate in value and may not always cover the outstanding balance on the loan. With most of our loans concentrated in Northern Virginia, a decline in local economic conditions could adversely affect the values of our real estate collateral. Consequently, a decline in local economic conditions may have a greater effect on our net income and capital than on the net income and capital of larger financial institutions whose real estate loan portfolios are more geographically diverse.

 

In addition to assessing the financial strength and cash flow characteristics of each of our borrowers, the Bank often secures loans with real estate collateral. At December 31, 2011, approximately 76.3% of our Bank’s loans held for investment have real estate as a primary or secondary component of collateral. The real estate collateral in each case provides an alternate source of repayment in the event of default by the borrower and may deteriorate in value during the time the credit is extended. If we are required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan to satisfy the debt during a period of reduced real estate values, our net income and capital could be adversely affected.

 

Our business strategy includes the continuation of our growth plans, and our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.

 

We intend to continue to grow in our existing banking markets (internally and through additional offices) and to expand into new markets as appropriate opportunities arise. Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies that are experiencing growth. We cannot assure you we will be able to expand our market presence in our existing markets or successfully enter new markets, or that any expansion will not adversely affect our results of operations. Failure to manage our growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, future prospects, financial condition or results of operations, and could adversely affect our ability to successfully implement our business strategy. Also, if our growth occurs more slowly than anticipated or declines, our operating results could be materially affected in an adverse way. Our ability to successfully grow will depend on a variety of factors, including the continued availability of desirable business opportunities, the competitive responses from other financial institutions in our market areas and our ability to manage our growth. While we believe we have the management resources and internal systems in place to successfully manage our future growth, there can be no assurance growth opportunities will be available or growth will be successfully managed.

 

Although we have made a limited number of acquisitions, we may face a broad range of risks in connection with future acquisitions that could result in those acquisitions not increasing shareholder value.

 

As a strategy, we have sought to increase the size of our business by pursuing business development opportunities, and we have grown rapidly since our incorporation. As part of that strategy, we have acquired three mortgage companies and a small equipment leasing company. We may acquire other financial institutions and mortgage companies, or parts of those entities, in the future. Acquisitions and mergers involve a number of risks, including:

 

·the time and costs associated with identifying and evaluating potential acquisitions and merger partners;

 

·the estimates and judgments used to evaluate credit, operations, management and market risks with respect to the target entity may not be accurate;

 

·the time and costs of evaluating new markets, hiring experienced local management and opening new offices, and the time lags between these activities and the generation of sufficient assets and deposits to support the costs of the expansion;

 

16
 

 

·our ability to finance an acquisition and possible ownership or economic dilution to our current shareholders;

 

·the diversion of our management’s attention to the negotiation of a transaction, and the integration of the operations and personnel of the combining businesses;

 

·entry into new markets where we lack experience;

 

·the introduction of new products and services into our business;

 

·the incurrence and possible impairment of goodwill associated with an acquisition and possible adverse short-term effects on our results of operations; and

 

·the potential loss of key employees and clients.

 

We may incur substantial costs to expand, and we can give no assurance such expansion will result in the levels of profits we seek. There can be no assurance that integration efforts for any future mergers or acquisitions will be successful. Also, we may issue equity securities, including common stock and securities convertible into shares of our common stock, in connection with future acquisitions, which could cause ownership and economic dilution to our current shareholders. There is no assurance that, following any future merger or acquisition, our integration efforts will be successful or our company, after giving effect to the acquisition, will achieve profits comparable to or better than our historical experience.

 

Our allowance for loan losses could become inadequate and reduce our net income and capital.

 

We maintain an allowance for loan losses that we believe is adequate for absorbing any potential losses in our loan portfolio. Management conducts a periodic review and consideration of the loan portfolio to determine the amount of the allowance for loan losses based upon general market conditions, credit quality of the loan portfolio and performance of our clients relative to their financial obligations with us. The amount of future losses, however, is susceptible to changes in borrowers’ circumstances and economic and other market conditions, including changes in interest rates and collateral values that are beyond our control and these future losses may exceed our current estimates. Our allowance for loan losses at December 31, 2011 was $11.7 million. Although we believe the allowance for loan losses is adequate to absorb probable losses in our loan portfolio, we cannot predict such losses or guarantee that our allowance will be adequate in the future. Excessive loan losses could have a material impact on our financial performance and reduce our net income and capital.

 

Our future liquidity needs could exceed our available liquidity sources, which could limit our asset growth and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

We rely on dividends from the Bank as our primary source of funds. The primary sources of funds of the Bank are client deposits and loan repayments. While scheduled loan repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, they are subject to the ability of borrowers to repay the loans. The ability of borrowers to repay loans can be adversely affected by a number of factors, including changes in economic conditions, adverse trends or events affecting business industry groups, reductions in real estate values or markets, business closings or lay-offs, inclement weather, natural disasters and international instability. Additionally, deposit levels may be affected by a number of factors, including rates paid by competitors, general interest rate levels, regulatory capital requirements, returns available to clients on alternative investments and general economic conditions. Accordingly, we may be required from time to time to rely on secondary sources of liquidity to meet withdrawal demands or otherwise fund operations. Such sources include FHLB advances, sales of securities and loans, and federal funds lines of credit from correspondent banks, as well as out-of-market time deposits. While we believe that these sources are currently adequate, there can be no assurance they will be sufficient to meet future liquidity demands, particularly if we continue to grow and experience increasing loan demand. We may be required to slow or discontinue loan growth, capital expenditures or other investments or liquidate assets should such sources not be adequate.

 

We are subject to extensive regulation that could limit or restrict our activities and adversely affect our net income.

 

We operate in a highly regulated industry, and both we and the Bank are subject to extensive regulation and supervision by the FRB, the Comptroller, and the FDIC. Our compliance with these regulations is costly and restricts certain of our activities, including payment of dividends, mergers and acquisitions, investments, loans and interest rates charged, interest rates paid on deposits and locations of offices. We are also subject to capitalization guidelines established by our regulators, which require us to maintain adequate capital to support our growth. Many of these regulations are intended to protect depositors and the FDIC’s DIF rather than our shareholders.

 

17
 

 

SOX, and the related rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC and NASDAQ that are applicable to us, have increased the scope, complexity and cost of corporate governance, reporting and disclosure practices, including the cost of completing our audit and maintaining our internal controls. As a result, we may experience greater compliance costs.

 

Congress and federal regulatory agencies continually review banking laws, regulations and policies for possible changes. Changes to statutes, regulations or regulatory policies, including changes in interpretation or implementation of statutes, regulations or policies, could affect the Corporation in substantial and unpredictable ways. Such changes could subject the Corporation to additional costs, limit the types of financial services and products the Corporation may offer and/or increase the ability of non-banks that are not subject to similar regulation to offer competing financial services and products, which could place these non-banks in stronger, more favorable competitive positions and which could adversely affect the Corporation’s growth and ability to operate profitably. Failure to comply with laws, regulations or policies could result in sanctions by regulatory agencies, civil money penalties and/or reputation damage, which could have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act could increase the Corporation’s regulatory compliance burden and associated costs, place restrictions on certain products and services, and limit its future capital raising strategies.  

 

A wide range of regulatory initiatives directed at the financial services industry have been proposed in recent months. One of those initiatives, the Dodd-Frank Act, was signed into law on July 21, 2010. The Dodd-Frank Act represents a sweeping overhaul of the financial services industry within the United States and mandates significant changes in the financial regulatory landscape that will impact all financial institutions, including the Corporation and the Bank.  The Dodd-Frank Act will likely increase the Corporation’s regulatory compliance burden and may have a material adverse effect on the Corporation, by increasing the costs associated with regulatory examinations and compliance measures. However, it is too early to fully assess the impact of the Dodd-Frank Act and subsequent regulatory rulemaking processes on the Corporation’s and the Bank’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

Among the Dodd-Frank Act’s significant regulatory changes, the Act creates a new financial consumer protection agency that could impose new regulations and include its examiners in routine regulatory examinations conducted by the Comptroller. This agency, named the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, may reshape the consumer financial laws through rulemaking and enforcement of the Dodd-Frank Act’s prohibitions against unfair, deceptive and abusive business practices, which may directly impact the business operations of financial institutions offering consumer financial products or services, including the Corporation and the Bank.  This agency’s broad rulemaking authority includes identifying practices or acts that are unfair, deceptive or abusive in connection with any consumer financial transaction or consumer financial product or service.  Although the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has jurisdiction over banks with $10 billion or greater in assets, rules, regulations and policies issued by the Bureau may also apply to the Corporation, the Bank and/or the Mortgage Division by virtue of the adoption of such policies and best practices by the FRB, Comptroller and FDIC.  The costs and limitations related to this additional regulatory agency and the limitations and restrictions that will be placed upon the Corporation with respect to its consumer product and service offerings have yet to be determined.  However, these costs, limitations and restrictions may produce significant, material effects on the Corporation’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

  

The Dodd-Frank Act also increases regulatory supervision and examination of bank holding companies and their banking and non-banking subsidiaries. These and other regulations included in the Dodd-Frank Act could increase the Corporation’s regulatory compliance burden and costs, restrict the financial products and services the Corporation can offer to its customers and restrict the Corporation’s ability to generate revenues from non-banking operations. The Dodd-Frank Act imposes more stringent capital requirements on bank holding companies, which could limit the Corporation’s future capital strategies.

 

Our hedging strategies do not completely eliminate risks associated with interest rates and we may incur losses due to changes in interest rates that are not effectively hedged.

 

We use various derivative financial instruments to provide a level of protection against interest rate risks, but no hedging strategy can protect us completely and we cannot assure you that our hedging strategy and use of derivatives will offset the risks related to changes in interest rates. When rates change, we expect to record a gain or loss on derivatives that would be offset by an inverse change in the value of loans held for sale and mortgage-related securities. We utilize a third party consulting firm to manage our hedging activities and we typically hedge 80% of our loan pipeline and 100% of our loans being warehoused. The derivative financial instruments used to hedge the interest rate risk of our loan pipeline and warehoused loans are forward sales of 15 year and 30 year mortgage backed securities. The notional amount and fair value of these derivatives are disclosed in Note 9 of the financial statements on page 68.

 

The primary risks related to our hedging activities relates to incorrect assumptions relating to pull through and the amount of the pipeline being hedged. A hedging policy and hedging management committee are in place to control, monitor and manage risks associated with our hedging activity. The hedging policy quantifies risk tolerance thresholds that ensure the economic risk taken is not material to the Corporation’s financial condition or operating performance. See “Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies” and “Item 7A - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.”

 

18
 

The profitability of the Mortgage Division will be significantly reduced if we are not able to sell mortgages.

 

Currently, we generally sell all of the mortgage loans originated by the Mortgage Division. We only underwrite mortgages that we reasonably expect will have more than one potential purchaser. The profitability of our Mortgage Division depends in large part upon our ability to originate or purchase a high volume of loans and to quickly sell them in the secondary market. Thus, we are dependent upon (i) the existence of an active secondary market and (ii) our ability to sell loans into that market.

 

The Mortgage Division’s ability to sell mortgage loans readily is dependent upon the availability of an active secondary market for single-family mortgage loans, which in turn depends in part upon the continuation of programs currently offered by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and other institutional and non-institutional investors. These entities account for a substantial portion of the secondary market in residential mortgage loans. Some of the largest participants in the secondary market, including Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, are government-sponsored enterprises whose activities are governed by federal law, and while we do not actively participate in their programs, they do have substantial market influence. Any future changes in laws that significantly affect the activity of these government-sponsored enterprises and other institutional and non-institutional investors or any impairment of our ability to participate in such programs could, in turn, adversely affect our operations.

 

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have recently reported substantial losses and a need for substantial amounts of additional capital. Such losses are due to these entities’ business models being tied extensively to the U.S. housing market which is in a severe contraction. In response to the deteriorating financial condition of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from the U.S. housing market contraction, Congress and the U.S. Treasury have undertaken a series of actions to stabilize these entities. The Federal Housing Finance Agency, or FHFA, was established in July 2008 pursuant to the Regulatory Reform Act in an effort to enhance regulatory oversight over Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. FHFA placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into federal conservatorship in September 2008. Although the federal government has committed capital to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, there is no explicit guaranty of the obligations of these entities by the federal government and there can be no assurance that these government credit facilities and other capital infusions will be adequate for the needs of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. If the financial support is inadequate, these companies could continue to suffer losses and could fail to offer programs necessary to an active secondary market. If this were to occur, the Mortgage Division’s ability to sell mortgage loans readily could be hampered, and the profitability of the Bank could be significantly reduced.

 

On February 11, 2011, the U.S. Treasury issued a White Paper titled “Reforming America's Housing Finance Market” (or the “White Paper”) that lays out, among other things, proposals to limit or potentially wind down the role that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac play in the mortgage market. Any such proposals, if enacted, may have broad adverse implications for the residential mortgage market, the mortgage-backed securities market and the Mortgage Division’s business, operations and financial condition. Such proposals have been, and we expect them to continue to be, the subject of significant discussion, and it is not yet possible to determine whether such proposals will be enacted and, if so, when, what form any final legislation or policies might take and how proposals, legislation or policies emanating from the White Paper may impact the residential mortgage market, the mortgage-backed securities market and the Mortgage Division’s business, operations and financial condition. We are evaluating, and will continue to evaluate, the potential impact of the proposals set forth in the White Paper on our business and our financial position and results of operations.

 

Our net income may be adversely affected if representations and warranties related to loans sold by the Mortgage Division are breached and we must pay related claims.

 

The Mortgage Division makes representations and warranties that loans sold to investors meet their program’s guidelines and that the information provided by the borrowers is accurate and complete and that the loan documents are complete and executed by the borrowers. In the event of a default on a loan sold, the investor may make a claim for losses due to document deficiencies, program compliance, early payment default, and fraud or borrower misrepresentations. During the fourth quarter of 2010, the Mortgage Division reached settlement arrangements with its two largest mortgage investors wherein payments of $3.8 million were made to release the company from known and unknown repurchase obligations associated with approximately $3 billion of mortgage loans. The Mortgage Division maintains a reserve in other liabilities for potential losses on mortgage loans sold. Net income may be impacted if this reserve is insufficient to cover claims from the investors.

 

An economic downturn may adversely affect our operating results and financial condition because our small to medium sized business target market may have fewer financial resources to weather an economic downturn.

 

We target our commercial development and marketing strategy primarily to serve the banking and financial services needs of small and medium sized businesses. These businesses generally have fewer financial resources in terms of capital or borrowing capacity than larger entities. If general economic conditions negatively impact this economic sector in the markets in which we operate, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

 

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Negative public opinion could damage our reputation and the strength our Access National brand and adversely impact our business, client relationships and net income.

 

Reputation risk, or the risk to our businesses’ (including our primary commercial banking business and secondary mortgage lending business) net income and capital from negative public opinion, is inherent in our business. Negative public opinion can result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, corporate governance and acquisitions, and from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities. Negative public opinion can adversely affect our ability to keep and attract clients and employees and can expose us to litigation and regulatory action.

 

Virtually all of our businesses operate under the “Access National” brand. Any actual or alleged conduct by one of our businesses could result in negative public opinion about our other businesses under the Access National brand. Because our businesses rely on and leverage the strength of the Access National brand any negative public opinion that tarnishes our Access National brand may negatively impact our business, client relationships and financial performance. Although we take steps to minimize our reputation risk in dealing with our clients and communities, due to the nature of the commercial banking and mortgage lending businesses we will always face some measure of reputational risk.

 

If recent government actions do not help stabilize the U.S. financial system, the financial condition of our target markets may suffer, which could adversely affect our business.

 

In response to the financial crises affecting the banking system and financial markets and going concern threats to investment banks and other financial institutions, various branches and agencies of the U.S. government have put in place laws, regulations, and programs to address capital and liquidity issues in the banking system. There can be no assurance, however, as to the actual impact that such laws, regulations, and programs will have on the financial markets.

 

Among many other contributing factors, the recent recession was triggered by instability of financial institutions and large measures of volatility and fear in the financial markets. This financial instability has led to an economic downturn which, in turn, has harmed the financial condition and performance of our small to medium sized business target market. If such laws, regulations, and programs fail to help stabilize the financial markets, or recent financial market conditions continue to deteriorate, the financial condition of our small to medium sized business target market would continue to suffer and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and the trading price of our common stock.

 

We have substantial counterparty risk due to our transactions with financial institution counterparties and the soundness of such counterparties could adversely affect us.

 

Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty, or other relationships. We have exposure to many different counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, including brokers, dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, and government sponsored enterprises. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty. In addition, our credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be realized or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or other obligation due us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Risks Associated With The Corporation’s Common Stock

 

Our ability to pay dividends is subject to regulatory restrictions, and we may be unable to pay future dividends.

 

Our ability to pay dividends is subject to regulatory restrictions and the need to maintain sufficient consolidated capital. Also, our only source of funds with which to pay dividends to our shareholders is dividends we receive from our Bank, and the Bank’s ability to pay dividends to us is limited by its own obligations to maintain sufficient capital and regulatory restrictions. If these regulatory requirements are not satisfied, we will be unable to pay dividends on our common stock. We have paid quarterly cash dividends since our first cash dividend on February 24, 2006. We cannot guarantee that dividends will not be reduced or eliminated in future periods.

 

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Certain provisions under our articles of incorporation and applicable law may make it difficult for others to obtain control of our Corporation even if such a change in control may be favored by some shareholders.

 

Certain provisions in our articles of incorporation and applicable Virginia corporate and banking law may have the effect of discouraging a change of control of our company even if such a transaction is favored by some of our shareholders and could result in shareholders receiving a substantial premium over the current market price of our shares.  The primary purpose of these provisions is to encourage negotiations with our management by persons interested in acquiring control of our Corporation.  These provisions may also tend to perpetuate present management and make it difficult for shareholders owning less than a majority of the shares to be able to elect even a single director.

 

The ownership position of certain shareholders, directors and officers may permit them to exert a major influence on the election of directors and other corporate actions that require a shareholder vote, including change in control transactions.

 

As of December 31, 2011, our chairman of the board, officers and directors and one other principal shareholder collectively beneficially owned approximately 34.7% of the outstanding shares of our common stock. Our officers and directors collectively beneficially owned approximately 27.7% of our common stock and two other individual shareholders have declared beneficial ownership of an additional 11.4% of our common stock. This concentration of ownership may allow our directors, acting in their role as substantial shareholders, to exert a major influence over the election of their nominees as directors, especially if voting together with our officers and other significant shareholders. Our directors, officers, and major shareholders could exercise similar influence over other corporate actions that require a shareholder vote, including change in control transactions.

 

The trading volume in the corporation’s common stock is less than that of other larger financial services companies.

 

Although the Corporation’s common stock is listed for trading on the NASDAQ Stock Exchange, the trading volume in its common stock is less than that of other, larger financial services companies. A public trading market having the desired characteristics of depth, liquidity and orderliness depends on the presence in the marketplace of willing buyers and sellers of the Corporation’s common stock at any given time. This presence depends on the individual decisions of investors and general economic and market conditions over which the Corporation has no control. Given the lower trading volume of the Corporation’s common stock, significant sales of the Corporation’s common stock, or the expectation of these sales, could cause the Corporation’s stock price to fall.

 

ITEM 1B - UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2 - PROPERTIES

 

The Bank leases offices that are used in the normal course of business. The principal executive office of the Corporation, Bank, Access Real Estate and Mortgage Division is owned by Access Real Estate, a subsidiary of the Bank, and is located at 1800 Robert Fulton Drive, Reston, Virginia. The Bank leases offices in Chantilly, Tysons Corner, Leesburg, and Manassas, Virginia. The Mortgage Division leases offices in Fairfax, McLean, Reston, and Roanoke in Virginia. The Mortgage Division leases an office in Maryland located in Crofton, in addition to the offices in Tennessee, Texas, Indiana, Georgia, Colorado, Florida and Massachusetts. All of the Mortgage Division’s leases with the exception of Roanoke are month to month leases and can be terminated with thirty days notice. Access Real Estate owns an undeveloped commercial lot in Fredericksburg that was purchased for future expansion of the Bank.

 

All of the owned and leased properties are in good operating condition and are adequate for the Corporation’s present and anticipated future needs.

 

ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Bank is a party to legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Management is of the opinion that these legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial condition or results of operations. From time to time the Bank may initiate legal actions against borrowers in connection with collecting defaulted loans. Such actions are not considered material by management unless otherwise disclosed.

 

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

In July 2004, the Corporation’s common stock became listed on the NASDAQ Global Market of the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC and is quoted under the symbol of “ANCX”. Set forth below is certain financial information relating to the Corporation’s common stock price history. Prices reflect transactions executed on NASDAQ.

 

   2011       2010     
   High   Low   Dividends   High   Low   Dividends 
                         
First Quarter  $7.19   $6.28   $0.02   $6.77   $5.54   $0.01 
Second Quarter   7.99    6.79    0.03    6.75    5.50    0.01 
Third Quarter   8.86    7.23    0.04    6.37    5.61    0.01 
Fourth Quarter  $9.49   $7.61   $0.04   $6.82   $6.00   $0.01 

  

As of March 16, 2012, the Corporation had 10,211,261 outstanding shares of Common Stock, par value $0.835 per share, held by approximately 425 shareholders of record and the closing price for the Corporation’s common stock on the NASDAQ Global Market was $10.40.

 

The Corporation paid its twenty fifth consecutive quarterly cash dividend on February 24, 2012 to shareholders of record as of February 13, 2012. Payment of dividends is at the discretion of the Corporation’s Board of Directors, and is also subject to various federal and state regulatory limitations. Future dividends are dependent upon the overall performance and capital requirements of the Corporation. See “Item 1 - Business - Supervision and Regulation - Dividends" for a discussion of regulatory requirements related to dividends. Our strategic objective with respect to dividends is to achieve and maintain a minimum payout ratio equal to 20% of core earnings.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities for the Quarter Ended December 31, 2011

 

The following table details the Corporation’s purchases of its common stock during the fourth quarter pursuant to a Share Repurchase Program announced on March 20, 2007. On April 22, 2008 the number of shares authorized for repurchase under the Share Repurchase Program was increased from 2,000,000 to 2,500,000 shares. The Share Repurchase Program does not have an expiration date.

 

   Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 
           (c) Total Number of   (d) Maximum Number 
           Shares Purchased as   of Shares that may 
   (a) Total Number of   (b) Average Price   Part of Publicly   yet be Purchased 
Period  Shares Purchased   Paid Per Share   Announced Plan   Under the Plan 
                 
October 1 - October 31, 2011   28,058   $7.93    28,058    908,570 
November 1 - November 30, 2011   940    8.24    940    907,630 
December 1 - December 31, 2011   3,095    8.46    3,095    904,535 
    32,093   $7.99    32,093    904,535 

  

Stock Performance

 

The following graph compares the Corporation’s cumulative total shareholder return on its common stock for the five year period ended December 31, 2011 with the cumulative return of a broad equity market index, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (“S&P 500 Index”) and a peer group constructed by the Corporation (the “Peer Group”). This presentation assumes $100 was invested in shares of the Corporation and each of the indices on December 31, 2006, and that dividends, if any, were immediately reinvested in additional shares. The graph plots the value of the initial $100 investment at one-year intervals from December 31, 2006 through December 31, 2011.

 

22
 

 

The Peer Group consists of five companies that, in the opinion of management, are similar to the Corporation in ways relevant to a comparison of stock performance. Specifically, each company in the Peer Group provides commercial banking services in the Mid-Atlantic Region, has existed for a reasonably similar time period as has the Corporation, and is considered by our management to be in an expansion mode. In calculating the relative index, the stock values of the Peer Group are re-balanced at the beginning of each year by the weighted market capitalization.

 

 

   Period Ending 
Index  12/31/06   12/31/07   12/31/08   12/31/09   12/31/10   12/31/11 
Access National Corporation   100.00    63.51    50.68    62.86    69.28    95.94 
S&P500   100.00    105.49    66.46    84.05    96.71    98.76 
ANCX Peer Group Index   100.00    82.71    86.08    67.90    91.42    82.91 
SNL Bank Index   100.00    77.71    44.34    43.88    49.17    38.08 

 

The Peer Group consists of:

 

                        Total Assets  
                        (In Thousands)  
Company, Headquarters   Exchange     Trading Symbol       Established     12/31/11  
                             
Cardinal Financial Corporation   NASDAQ-GS     CFNL       1997     $ 2,602,716  
Fairfax, Virginia                            
                             
Eagle Bancorp, Inc.   NASDAQ-CM     EGBN       1997     $ 2,831,255  
Bethesda, Maryland                            
                             
TowneBank   NASDAQ-GS     TOWN       1999     $ 4,081,770  
Portsmouth, Virginia                            
                             
Valley Financial Corporation   NASDAQ-CM     VYFC       1994     $ 773,504  
Roanoke, Virginia                            
                             
Virginia National Bank    OTC-BB     VABK       1998     $ 464,066  
Charlottesville, Virginia                            

  

23
 

  

ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following consolidated selected financial data is derived from the Corporation’s audited financial statements for the five years ended December 31, 2011. This information should be read in conjunction with the following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto.

 

   Selected Financial Data 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007 
   (In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data) 
Income Statement Data:                         
Net interest income  $28,117   $25,029   $23,558   $21,052   $20,122 
Provision for loan losses   1,149    2,816    6,064    5,423    2,588 
Noninterest income   36,429    34,660    56,966    30,813    27,707 
Noninterest expense   45,722    44,771    58,971    38,998    39,949 
Income taxes   6,287    4,526    5,854    2,700    1,590 
Net Income  $11,388   $7,576   $9,635   $4,744   $3,702 
                          
Per Share Data:                          
Earnings per share                         
Basic  $1.11   $0.72   $0.93   $0.46   $0.32 
Diluted   1.10    0.72    0.92    0.46    0.31 
Cash dividends paid   0.13    0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04 
Book value at period end   8.13    6.96    6.43    5.66    5.35 
                          
Balance Sheet Data:                         
Total assets  $809,758   $831,824   $666,879   $702,324   $622,376 
Loans held for sale   95,126    82,244    76,232    84,312    39,144 
Total loans   569,400    491,529    486,564    485,929    477,598 
Total securities   85,824    124,307    43,095    85,119    69,001 
Total deposits   645,013    627,848    466,645    485,401    473,418 
Shareholders' equity  $82,815   $72,193   $67,778   $57,945   $57,961 
Average shares outstanding, basic   10,277,801    10,503,383    10,391,348    10,298,631    11,620,130 
Average shares outstanding, diluted   10,344,325    10,525,258    10,432,857    10,423,555    11,866,468 
                          
Performance Ratios:                         
Return on average assets   1.50%   0.98%   1.35%   0.76%   0.57%
Return on average equity   14.80%   10.85%   15.04%   8.34%   5.84%
Net interest margin (1)   3.82%   3.41%   3.42%   3.48%   3.18%
                          
Efficiency Ratios:                         
Access National Bank   52.92%   59.02%   60.41%   55.36%   50.87%
Access National Mortgage Corp.   80.78%   84.72%   77.40%   86.65%   107.52%
Access National Corporation   70.84%   75.01%   73.23%   75.19%   83.52%
                          
Asset Quality Ratios:                         
Allowance to period end loans   2.06%   2.14%   1.88%   1.54%   1.56%
Allowance to non-performing loans   175.12%   122.96%   129.79%   259.55%   449.25%
Net charge-offs to average loans   0.01%   0.30%   0.90%   1.12%   0.12%

  

(1) Net interest income divided by total average earning assets.

 

Table continued on next page

 

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ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA continued

 

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007 
   (In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data) 
Average Balance Sheet Data:                    
Total assets  $758,994   $772,600   $714,970   $624,450   $649,584 
Securities, at amortized cost   105,964    107,685    68,852    68,522    94,331 
Loans held for sale   51,774    63,868    65,780    25,757    49,750 
Loans   520,062    475,726    490,393    484,764    472,372 
Allowance for loan losses   11,123    9,485    8,065    8,248    6,170 
Total deposits   565,450    572,139    519,477    450,873    444,999 
Junior subordinated debentures   6,186    6,186    6,186    6,186    9,237 
Total shareholders' equity   76,969    69,827    64,054    56,882    63,343 
                          
Capital Ratios:                         
Tier 1 risk-based capital   14.33%   14.25%   13.47%   11.86%   12.41%
Total risk-based capital   15.59%   15.51%   14.73%   13.11%   13.66%
Leverage capital ratio   10.78%   9.56%   10.73%   9.71%   10.07%

 

ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis is intended to provide an overview of the significant factors affecting the financial condition and the results of operations of the Corporation and its subsidiaries for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010. The consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with this discussion and analysis.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

In addition to historical information, this Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements. For this purpose, any statements contained herein, including documents incorporated by reference, that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include discussions as to our expectations, beliefs, plans, goals, objectives and future financial or other performance or assumptions concerning matters discussed in this document. Forward-looking statements often use words such as “believes,” “expects,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “ anticipates,” “forecasts,” “intends” or other words of similar meaning. You can also identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from historical results or those anticipated by such statements. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations and future prospects of the Corporation include, but are not limited to, changes in: collateral values, especially in the real estate market, stagnation or continued deterioration in general business and economic conditions and in the financial markets, the impact of any policies or programs implemented pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act or other legislation or regulation, unemployment levels, branch expansion plans, interest rates, general economic conditions, monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the Comptroller, U.S. Treasury and the FRB, the economy of Northern Virginia, including governmental spending and real estate markets, the quality or composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, and accounting principles, policies, and guidelines. These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements contained herein, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which it is made. For additional discussion of risk factors that may cause our actual future results to differ materially from the results indicated within forward-looking statements, please see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” herein.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The Corporation’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. In preparing the Corporation’s financial statements management makes estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses. Our significant accounting policies are presented in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements. Management believes that the most significant subjective judgments that it makes include the following:

 

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Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses is an estimate of the losses that may be sustained in our loan portfolio. The allowance is based on two basic principals of accounting: (i) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) No. 450-10 Contingencies, which requires that losses be accrued when they are probable of occurring and estimable and (ii) ASC 310-10, Receivables, which requires that losses be accrued based on the differences between the value of collateral, present value of future cash flows or values that are observable in the secondary market and the loan balance.

 

An allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses based upon industry standards, known risk characteristics, and management’s evaluation of the risk inherent in the loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of loan activity. Such evaluation considers among other factors, the estimated market value of the underlying collateral, and current economic conditions. For further information about our practices with respect to allowance for loan losses, please see the subsection “Allowance for Loan Losses” below.

 

Other Than Temporary Impairment of Investment Securities

 

Securities in the Bank’s investment portfolio are classified as either held-to-maturity or available-for-sale. Securities classified as held-to-maturity are recorded at cost or amortized cost. Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value. The estimated fair value of the available-for-sale portfolio fluctuates due to changes in market interest rates and other factors. Changes in estimated fair value are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a component of other comprehensive income. Securities are monitored to determine whether a decline in their value is other than temporary. Management evaluates the investment portfolio on a quarterly basis to determine the collectability of amounts due per the contractual terms of the investment security. A decline in the fair value of an investment below its amortized cost attributable to factors that indicate the decline will not be recovered over the anticipated holding period of the investment will cause the security to be considered other than temporarily impaired. Other than temporary impairments result in reducing the security’s carrying value by the amount of the estimated credit loss. The credit component of the other than temporary impairment loss is realized through the statement of income and the remainder of the loss remains in other comprehensive income. At December 31, 2011 there were no securities in the securities portfolio with other than temporary impairment.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Corporation uses the liability method of accounting for income taxes. This method results in the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities that are reflected at currently enacted income tax rates applicable to the period in which the deferred tax assets or liabilities are expected to be realized or settled. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through the provision for income taxes. The deferred provision for income taxes is the result of the net change in the deferred tax asset and deferred tax liability balances during the year. This amount combined with the current taxes payable or refundable results in the income tax expense for the current year. Our evaluation of the deductibility or taxability of items included in the Corporation’s tax returns has not resulted in the identification of any material, uncertain tax positions.

 

Fair Value

 

Fair values of financial instruments are estimated using relevant market information and other assumptions. Fair value estimates involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment regarding interest rates, credit risk, prepayments and other factors, especially in the absence of broad markets for particular items. Changes in assumptions or in market conditions could significantly affect the estimates. The fair value estimates of existing on and off-balance sheet financial instruments do not include the value of anticipated future business or the values of assets and liabilities not considered financial instruments. For additional information about our financial assets carried at fair value, refer to Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

Executive Summary

 

The Corporation completed its twelfth year of operation and recorded net income of $11.4 million or $1.10 per diluted common share in 2011 compared to $7.6 million or $0.72 per diluted common share in 2010. The increase in net income over last year was due to record performance during 2011 by both the banking and mortgage divisions. In 2011 we were able to reduce interest expense by $3.1 million and the provision for loan losses declined by $1.7 million. The target federal funds rate remained at near 0% throughout 2011 which contributed to the lower interest expense. In 2011, gains realized from the sale of mortgage loans increased by $2.8 million, while noninterest expense increased by $1.0 million.

 

At December 31, 2011 assets totaled $809.8 million compared to $831.8 million at December 31, 2010. Total loans held for investment were $569.4 million at December 31, 2011, compared to $491.5 million at December 31, 2010, an increase of $77.9 million. The growth in loans occurred in both commercial real estate and commercial loans and is due in part to our focus on small to medium sized businesses and providing credit facilities in conjunction with the U.S. Small Business Administration’s (“SBA”) guaranteed loan program. During 2011, the Bank remained the dominant SBA lender in 7A loans in the greater Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area, as measured by dollar value of originations. The SBA lending activity is an important component of our focus on small businesses and expanding our core business relationships.

 

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Investment securities totaled $85.8 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $124.3 million at December 31, 2010. The decrease in the investment portfolio is primarily attributable to securities that matured or were otherwise called and not reinvested. The funds not reinvested in investment securities were used to provide funding for the growth in our loan portfolio.

 

Deposits totaled $645.0 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $627.8 million at December 31, 2010. Noninterest-bearing deposit balances totaled approximately $113.9 million compared to $84.0 million at December 31, 2010, an increase of 35.6%. This increase is primarily due to new business relationships and increased balances of existing clients.

 

Non-performing assets (“NPA”) totaled approximately $6.7 million or 0.83% of total assets at December 31, 2011, down from $10.4 million or 1.3% of total assets at December 31, 2010. NPA are comprised of non-accrual loans totaling $6.7 million. At December 31, 2011, the Corporation did not have any other real estate owned. Included in non-accrual loans at December 31, 2011 are restructured loans to two borrowers which consisted of three commercial loans totaling $1.1 million and one commercial real estate loan in the amount of $321 thousand. The allowance for loan losses totaled $11.7 million or 2.1% of total loans held for investment as of December 31, 2011, compared to $10.5 million or 2.1% at December 31, 2010.

 

The economy continues to show signs of improvement with unemployment rates declining, and we are beginning to see price appreciation in the local residential real estate market. Notwithstanding the foregoing, there is no guarantee that these positive trends will continue. Although we believe that the credit quality of our primary business and professional customers has stabilized and has begun to improve, we will continue to focus on improving the credit quality of our loan portfolio and reducing non-performing assets. The Corporation is optimistic going into 2012 with a strong capital base and positioned for continued growth.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Net income for 2011 totaled $11.4 million, or $1.10 per diluted common share compared to $7.6 million or $0.72 per diluted common share in 2010. Net income in 2011 was favorably impacted by a decrease in interest expense, a decrease in the provision for loan losses and increased gains from the sale of mortgage loans, partially offset by increases in noninterest expense and provision for income taxes. During 2011 average loans held for investment increased $44.3 million and average loans held for sale decreased $12.1 million. Average interest-bearing balances and federal funds sold decreased $28.4 million from 2010 to 2011.

 

Net income for 2010 totaled $7.6 million, or $0.72 per diluted common share compared to $9.6 million or $0.92 per diluted common share in 2009. Net income in 2010 was impacted by a decrease in income generated from the mortgage banking segment as a result of a 34.0% decrease in gains on sale of loans resulting from 45.6% decline in mortgage loan originations from 2009 to 2010. Interest and dividend income for 2010 totaled $35.1 million, down from $37.5 million in 2009 primarily due to changes in the composition of earning assets. During 2010 average loans held for investment decreased $14.7 million and average investment securities increased $38.8 million. Average interest-bearing balances and federal funds sold increased $22.4 million from 2009 to 2010.

 

Net Interest Income

 

Net interest income is the amount of income generated by earning assets (primarily loans and investment securities) less the interest expense incurred on interest-bearing liabilities (primarily deposits) used to fund earning assets. Net interest income and margin are influenced by many factors, primarily the volume and mix of earning assets, funding sources, yields on earning assets and interest rate fluctuations. Net interest income totaled $28.1 million in 2011, up from $25.0 million in 2010. Average interest-bearing deposits and borrowings decreased $37.2 million in 2011. Net interest margin was 3.82% in 2011 and 3.41% in 2010, with the increase primarily due to the weighted average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreasing 43 basis points to 1.23% in 2011 from 1.66% in 2010.

 

Even though during 2011 total average earning assets only increased by $2.1 million, there were dramatic changes in the composition of earning assets. Average loans held for investment increased by $44.3 million, or 9.32%, average interest-bearing balances and federal funds sold decreased by $28.4 million, or 32.82%, average loans held for sale decreased by $12.1 million, or 18.94%, and average securities decreased by $1.7 million, or 1.60%. On the funding side total average interest-bearing deposits and borrowings decreased by $37.2 million, or 6.10%, and the cost of these interest-bearing deposits decreased from 1.66% in 2010 to 1.23% in 2011. The combination of these changes produced an increase in net interest margin of 41 basis points.

 

Net interest income totaled $25.0 million in 2010, up from $23.6 million in 2009. Average earning assets increased $44.6 million from $689.2 million in 2009 to $733.8 million in 2010. Average interest-bearing deposits and liabilities increased $47.9 million in 2010. Net interest margin was 3.42% in 2009 and 3.41% in 2010. The weighted average yield on earning assets decreased 66 basis points while the weighted average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 82 basis points.

 

27
 

 

Average earning assets were impacted during 2010 by a $38.8 million increase in investment securities combined with a $22.4 million increase in interest-bearing balances and federal funds sold and a $14.7 decrease in loans held for investment. The increase in lower yielding investment securities and interest-bearing deposits contributed to the 66 basis points decrease in yield on earning assets.

 

The table below, Yield on Average Earning Assets and Rates on Average Interest-Bearing Liabilities, summarizes the major components of net interest income for the past three years and also provides yields, rates, and average balances.


   Yield on Average Earning Assets and Rates on Average Interest-Bearing
Liabilities
 
   For the Year Ended 
   December 31, 2011   December 31, 2010   December 31, 2009 
   Average   Income /   Yield /   Average   Income /   Yield /   Average   Income /   Yield / 
   Balance   Expense   Rate   Balance   Expense   Rate   Balance   Expense   Rate 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Assets:                                             
Interest-earning assets:                                             
Securities(1)  $105,964   $2,216    2.09%  $107,685   $2,242    2.08%  $68,852   $3,038    4.41%
Loans held for sale   51,774    2,176    4.20%   63,868    2,982    4.67%   65,780    3,361    5.11%
Loans(2)   520,062    30,632    5.89%   475,726    29,709    6.24%   490,393    30,973    6.32%
Interest-bearing balances and federal funds sold   58,128    143    0.25%   86,531    210    0.24%   64,128    154    0.24%
Total interest-earning assets   735,928    35,167    4.78%   733,810    35,143    4.79%   689,153    37,526    5.45%
Noninterest-earning assets:                                             
Cash and due from banks   12,066              10,927              6,748           
Premises, land and equipment   8,819              8,655              8,991           
Other assets   13,304              28,693              18,143           
Less: allowance for loan losses   (11,123)             (9,485)             (8,065)          
Total noninterest-earning assets   23,066              38,790              25,817           
Total Assets  $758,994             $772,600             $714,970           
                                              
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:                                             
Interest-bearing deposits:                                             
Interest-bearing demand deposits  $48,349   $227    0.47%  $30,166   $183    0.61%  $27,224   $278    1.02%
Money market deposit accounts   111,090    628    0.57%   132,761    1,345    1.01%   92,682    1,403    1.51%
Savings accounts   2,853    6    0.21%   3,939    30    0.76%   4,470    60    1.34%
Time deposits   303,009    4,343    1.43%   331,162    6,075    1.83%   316,823    8,827    2.79%
Total interest-bearing deposits   465,301    5,204    1.12%   498,028    7,633    1.53%   441,199    10,568    2.40%
Borrowings:                                             
FHLB Advances   8,458    42    0.50%   11,413    429    3.76%   23,676    979    4.13%
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase and federal funds purchased   36,612    67    0.18%   29,202    105    0.36%   23,460    115    0.49%
Other short-term borrowings   20,681    114    0.55%   26,674    228    0.85%   17,640    167    0.95%
FHLB Long-term borrowings   6,196    219    3.53%   9,239    312    3.38%   24,026    833    3.47%
FDIC Term Note   30,081    1,191    3.96%   29,998    1,191    3.97%   26,627    1,068    4.01%
Subordinated Debentures   6,186    213    3.44%   6,186    216    3.49%   6,186    238    3.85%
Total borrowings   108,214    1,846    1.71%   112,712    2,481    2.20%   121,615    3,400    2.80%
Total interest-bearing deposits and borrowings   573,515    7,050    1.23%   610,740    10,114    1.66%   562,814    13,968    2.48%
Noninterest-bearing liabilities:                                             
Demand deposits   100,149              74,111              78,278           
Other liabilities   8,361              17,922              9,824           
Total liabilities   682,025              702,773              650,916           
Shareholders' Equity   76,969              69,827              64,054           
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:  $758,994     $772,600             $714,970           
                                              
Interest Spread(3)             3.55%             3.13%             2.97%
                                              
Net Interest Margin(4)       $28,117    3.82%       $25,029    3.41%       $23,558    3.42%

 

(1) Includes Restricted stock

(2) Loans placed on nonaccrual status are included in loan balances

(3) Interest spread is the average yield earned on earning assets, less the average rate incurred on interest-bearing liabilities.

(4) Net interest margin is net interest income, expressed as a percentage of average earning assets.

 

28
 

 

The following table shows fluctuations in net interest income attributable to changes in the average balances of assets and liabilities and the yields earned or rates paid for the years ended December 31.

 

   Volume and Rate Analysis 
     
   Years Ended December 31, 
   2011 compared to 2010   2010 compared to 2009   2009 compared to 2008 
   Change Due To:   Change Due To:   Change Due To: 
   Increase /           Increase /           Increase /         
   (Decrease)   Volume   Rate   (Decrease)   Volume   Rate   (Decrease)   Volume   Rate 
   (In Thousands) 
Interest Earning Assets:                                             
Investments  $(26)  $(36)  $10   $(796)  $1,246   $(2,042)  $(402)  $16   $(418)
Loans   117    1,898    (1,781)   (1,643)   (1,012)   (631)   (541)   2,974    (3,515)
Interest-bearing deposits   (67)   (70)   3    56    54    2    (319)   319    (638)
Federal funds sold   -    -    -    -    -    -    (14)   (7)   (7)
                                              
Total increase (decrease) in interest income   24    1,792    (1,768)   (2,383)   288    (2,671)   (1,276)   3,302    (4,578)
                                              
Interest-Bearing Liabilities:                                             
Interest-bearing demand deposits   44    92    (48)   (95)   27    (122)   178    187    (9)
Money market deposit accounts   (717)   (193)   (524)   (58)   493    (551)   (1,250)   (410)   (840)
Savings accounts   (24)   (7)   (17)   (30)   (6)   (24)   (41)   32    (73)
Time deposits   (1,732)   (485)   (1,247)   (2,752)   384    (3,136)   (2,370)   1,990    (4,360)
Total interest-bearing deposits   (2,429)   (593)   (1,836)   (2,935)   898    (3,833)   (3,483)   1,799    (5,282)
FHLB Advances   (387)   (89)   (298)   (550)   (468)   (82)   525    401    124 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   (38)   22    (60)   (10)   25    (35)   (145)   82    (227)
Other short-term borrowings   (114)   (44)   (70)   61    79    (18)   (196)   (48)   (148)
Long-term borrowings   (93)   (107)   14    (521)   (500)   (21)   (1,361)   (1,082)   (279)
FDIC Term Note   -    3    (3)   123    134    (11)   1,068    -    - 
Trust preferred   (3)   -    (3)   (22)   -    (22)   (179)   -    (179)
                                              
Total (decrease) increase in interest expense   (3,064)   (808)   (2,256)   (3,854)   168    (4,022)   (3,771)   1,152    (5,991)
                                              
Increase in net interest income  $3,088   $2,600   $488   $1,471   $120   $1,351   $2,495   $2,150   $1,413 

 

Provision for Loan Losses

 

The provision for loan losses charged to operating expense in 2011 was $1.1 million compared $2.8 million in 2010 and $6.1 million in 2009. The decrease in the 2011 provision for loan losses reflects the improved credit quality of the loan portfolio and the decrease in nonperforming assets. The amount is determined by management to restore the allowance for loan losses to a level believed to be adequate to absorb inherent losses in the loan portfolio based on evaluations as of December 31, 2011.

 

Noninterest Income

 

Noninterest income consists of revenue generated from gains on sale of loans, service fees on deposit accounts, and other charges and fees. The Mortgage Division provides the most significant contributions towards noninterest income and is subject to wide fluctuations due to the general interest rate environment and economic conditions. Total noninterest income was $36.4 million in 2011 compared to $34.7 million in 2010. Gains on the sale of loans originated by the Mortgage Division totaled $35.3 million in 2011 compared to $32.5 million in 2010. Mortgage broker fee income declined $1.0 million in 2011, from $1.6 million in 2010 to $627 thousand in 2011, as fewer loans are being brokered. Other income reflects a loss of $236 thousand in 2011, up from a loss of $149 thousand in 2010 as a result of losses incurred on hedging activities associated with the origination of mortgage loans held for sale. When losses occur on instruments used to hedge interest rate risk the value of the loans being hedged increases proportionately and are recognized in gains on the sale of loans.

 

Total noninterest income was $34.7 million in 2010 compared to $57.0 million in 2009. Gains on the sale of loans originated by the Mortgage Division totaled $32.5 million in 2010 compared to $49.3 million in 2009. Gains on the sale of loans decreased in 2010, as a result of a $692.7 million decrease in mortgage loan originations. Other income decreased $6.4 million in 2010 as a result of losses incurred on hedging activities associated with the origination of mortgage loans held for sale.

 

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Noninterest Expense

 

Noninterest expense totaled $45.7 million in 2011 compared to $44.8 million in 2010. Compensation and employee benefits, the largest component of noninterest expense, totaled $25.4 million in 2011 compared to $22.0 million in 2010, an increase of $3.4 million. The increase is due to a combination of increased staffing at the Bank, primarily in the lending area, additional personnel costs associated with the new wealth management subsidiaries and an increase in performance-based compensation in the Mortgage Division as a result of the increase in revenue generated in 2011. Other operating expense totaled $17.4 million in 2011, down from $20.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, a decrease of $2.7 million. The decrease of $2.9 million in the provision for losses on mortgage loans sold and the decrease of $1.8 million in OREO expenses more than offset the relatively minimal increases in certain other categories of other operating expense as reflected in Note 16 of the consolidated financial statements.

 

Noninterest expense totaled $44.8 million in 2010 compared to $59.0 million in 2009. Compensation and employee benefits, the largest component of noninterest expense, totaled $22.0 million in 2010 compared to $28.1 million in 2009, a decrease of $6.1 million. The decrease is due to the decrease in volume of mortgage loan originations in 2010 and corresponding reductions in performance-based compensation. Other operating expense totaled $20.1 million in 2010, down from $28.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $8.3 million. The decrease is attributable to the following expense categories. The provision for losses on mortgage loans sold decreased $1.2 million, due in part to the decrease in loan originations and other factors considered by management in determining the level of the allowance for losses on mortgage loans sold. Management fees associated with the operation of certain offices of the Mortgage Division, decreased $3.9 million largely due to the decrease in mortgage loans originated. Advertising expense decreased $2.8 million due to a reduction in direct mail marketing. Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements provides the composition of the other expense component of noninterest expense.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense totaled $6.3 million in 2011 compared to $4.5 million in 2010, an increase of $1.8 million. The increase in taxes is due to an increase of $5.6 million in pre-tax earnings. Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements shows the components of federal income tax.

 

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Quarterly Results (unaudited)

 

The following is a summary of the results of operations for each quarter of 2011 and 2010.

 

   First   Second   Third   Fourth   Total 
   Quarter   Quarter   Quarter   Quarter   YTD 
   (In Thousands, Except for Per Share Data) 
                     
2011                         
Total interest income  $8,570   $8,529   $8,876   $9,192   $35,167 
Total interest expense   2,003    1,682    1,670    1,695    7,050 
Net interest income   6,567    6,847    7,206    7,497    28,117 
Provision for loan losses   223    (2)   715    213    1,149 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   6,344    6,849    6,491    7,284    26,968 
Total noninterest income   5,839    8,100    10,702    11,788    36,429 
Total noninterest expense   8,631    10,803    12,374    13,914    45,722 
Income tax expense   1,265    1,475    1,706    1,841    6,287 
Net income  $2,287   $2,671   $3,113   $3,317   $11,388 
                          
Earnings Per Share:                         
Basic  $0.22   $0.26   $0.30   $0.33   $1.11 
Diluted  $0.22   $0.26   $0.30   $0.32   $1.10 

 

   First   Second   Third   Fourth   Total 
   Quarter   Quarter   Quarter   Quarter   YTD 
   (In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data) 
                     
2010                         
Total interest income  $8,259   $8,658   $8,831   $9,395   $35,143 
Total interest expense   2,674    2,671    2,472    2,297    10,114 
Net interest income   5,585    5,987    6,359    7,098    25,029 
Provision for loan losses   198    548    575    1,495    2,816 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   5,387    5,439    5,784    5,603    22,213 
Total noninterest income   6,023    7,277    10,410    10,950    34,660 
Total noninterest expense   9,503    10,042    12,269    12,957    44,771 
Income tax expense   691    996    1,489    1,350    4,526 
Net income  $1,216   $1,678   $2,436   $2,246   $7,576 
                          
Earnings Per Share:                         
Basic  $0.12   $0.16   $0.23   $0.22   $0.73 
Diluted  $0.11   $0.16   $0.23   $0.22   $0.72 

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Summary

 

Total assets at December 31, 2011 were $809.8 million compared to $831.8 million in 2010, a decrease of $22.0 million. The decrease in total assets was due to a combination of a $64.2 million decrease in interest-bearing deposits in other banks and federal funds sold and a $38.5 million decrease in securities, a $4.1 million reduction in accrued interest receivable and other assets and a $3.8 million reduction in cash and due from banks, that was partially offset by a $77.9 million increase in loans and a $12.9 million increase in loans held for sale.

 

The following discussions by major categories explain the changes in financial condition.

 

Cash and Due From Banks

 

Cash and due from banks represents cash and noninterest-bearing balances at other banks and cash letters in process of collection at the FRB. At December 31, 2011 cash and due from banks totaled $5.4 million compared to $9.2 million at December 31, 2010. The balance fluctuates depending on the volume of cash letters in process of collection at the FRB.

 

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Interest-Bearing Deposits in Other Banks and Federal Funds Sold

 

At December 31, 2011 interest-bearing balances in other banks totaled $38.5 million compared to $102.7 million at December 31, 2010. These balances are maintained at the FRB and the FHLB of Atlanta and provide liquidity for managing daily cash inflows and outflows from deposits and loans. The reduction in interest-bearing deposits and federal funds sold was used to fund loan growth.

 

Investment Securities

 

The Corporation’s investment securities portfolio is comprised of U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. Government Agency securities, municipal securities, CRA mutual fund, mortgage backed securities issued by U.S. government sponsored agencies and corporate bonds. The investment portfolio is used to provide liquidity and as a tool for managing interest sensitivity in the balance sheet, while generating income.

 

At December 31, 2011, securities totaled $85.8 million compared to $124.3 million at December 31, 2010, a decrease of $38.5 million. The decrease is attributable to maturities and bonds that were called and not reinvested in securities. The proceeds from the maturing and called securities were used to fund loan growth. The securities portfolio is comprised of $45.8 million in securities classified as available-for-sale and $40.0 million in securities classified as held-to-maturity. Securities classified as available-for-sale are carried at fair market value. Unrealized gains and losses are recorded directly to a separate component of stockholders' equity. Held-to-maturity securities are carried at cost or amortized cost.

 

The following tables present the types, amounts and maturity distribution of the investment securities portfolio.

 

   Maturity Schedule of  Investment Securities 
   Year Ended December 31, 2011 
       After One Year   After Five Years   After Ten Years     
   Within   But Within   But Within   and     
   One Year   Five Years   Ten Years   Over   Total 
   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield   Amount   Yield 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Investment securities available-for-sale (1)                                                  
US Government agency  $-    -   $5,007    2.00%  $15,037    2.51%  $19,474    3.30%  $39,518    2.83%
Mortgage backed   -    -    -    -    -    -    620    6.02%   620    6.02%
Corporate bonds   2,012    3.44%   1,949    3.65%   -    -    -    -    3,961    3.54%
Municipals - taxable   242    4.30%   -    -    -    -    -    -    242    4.30%
   $2,254    3.53%  $6,956    2.46%  $15,037    2.51%  $20,094    3.38%  $44,341    2.95%
                                                   
Investment securities Held-to-maturity                                                  
US Government agency  $-    -   $10,000    1.40%  $29,987    2.04%  $-    -   $39,987    1.88%
   $-    -   $10,000    1.40%  $29,987    2.04%  $-    -   $39,987    1.88%

 

(1) Excludes CRA Mutual fund, FRB Stock, and FHLB Stock

 

Loans

 

Loans held for investment totaled $569.4 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $491.5 million at December 31, 2010. During 2011, loan demand increased over 2010 as local economic conditions improved. Commercial real estate loans increased $58.6 million from year end December 31, 2010. Commercial loans increased $37.0 million from year end 2010 as the Bank continues to be the dominant SBA 7a lender, based on dollar volume of loans originated, in the Greater Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area. Residential real estate loans decreased $9.3 million and real estate construction loans decreased $8.4 million.

 

The Bank concentrates on providing banking services to small and medium sized businesses and professionals in our market area. As of December 31, 2011 we did not have any exposure to builders or developers in our commercial real estate portfolio. Our loan officers maintain a professional relationship with our clients and are responsive to their financial needs. They are directly involved in the community and it is this involvement and commitment that leads to referrals and continued growth.

 

Loans held for sale totaled $95.1 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $82.2 million at December 31, 2010, an increase of $12.9 million. The level of loans held for sale fluctuates with the volume of loans originated during the month and the timing of loans purchased by investors. Loan origination volume including brokered loans totaled $831.6 million in 2011 compared to $909.0 million in 2010 due primarily to a decrease in re-financing activity.

 

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The following tables present the major classifications and maturity distribution of loans held for investment at December 31:

 

   Composition of Loan Portfolio 
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007 
   Amount   Percentage of
Total
   Amount   Percentage of
Total
   Amount   Percentage
of Total
   Amount   Percentage
of Total
   Amount   Percentage
of Total
 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Commercial real estate - owner occupied  $171,599    30.14%  $137,169    27.91%  $128,859    26.49%  $123,399    25.39%  $121,117    25.36%
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   104,976    18.44    80,830    16.44    91,442    18.79    95,140    19.58    78,777    16.49 
Residential real estate   128,485    22.56    137,752    28.02    150,792    30.99    153,740    31.64    156,731    32.82 
Commercial   131,816    23.15    94,798    19.29    72,628    14.93    69,537    14.31    64,860    13.58 
Real estate construction   29,705    5.22    38,093    7.75    41,508    8.53    42,600    8.77    55,074    11.53 
Consumer   2,819    0.49    2,887    0.59    1,335    0.27    1,513    0.31    1,039    0.22 
Total loans  $569,400    100.00%  $491,529    100.00%  $486,564    100.00%  $485,929    100.00%  $477,598    100.00%

 

   Loan Maturity Distribution 
   Year Ended December 31, 2011 
   Three Months or   Over Three Months   Over One Year   Over     
   Less   Through One Year   Through Five Years   Five Years   Total 
   (In Thousands) 
Commercial real estate - owner occupied  $16,200   $25,462   $102,420   $27,517   $171,599 
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   17,361    13,622    59,833    14,160    104,976 
Residential real estate   32,737    39,928    47,028    8,792    128,485 
Commercial   45,398    30,978    46,757    8,683    131,816 
Real estate construction   14,608    8,684    6,137    276    29,705 
Consumer   174    358    2,287    -    2,819 
Total  $126,478   $119,032   $264,462   $59,428   $569,400 
                          
Loans with fixed interest rates  $7,259   $22,608   $71,344   $51,568   $152,779 
Loans with floating interest rates   119,219    96,424    193,118    7,860    416,621 
Total  $126,478   $119,032   $264,462   $59,428   $569,400 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses totaled $11.7 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $10.5 million at year end 2010. The allowance for loan losses was equivalent to 2.1% of total loans held for investment at December 31, 2011 and 2.1% at December 31, 2010. Adequacy of the allowance is assessed and increased by provisions for loan losses charged to expense no less than quarterly. Charge-offs are taken when a loan is identified as uncollectible.

 

The methodology by which we systematically determine the amount of our allowance is set forth by the Board of Directors in our Loan Policy and implemented by management. The results of the analysis are documented, reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors no less than quarterly.

 

The level of the allowance for loan losses is determined by management through an ongoing, detailed analysis of historical loss rates and risk characteristics. During each quarter, management evaluates the collectability of all loans in the portfolio and ensures an accurate risk rating is assigned to each loan. The risk rating scale and definitions jointly adopted by the Federal banking regulators are used within the framework prescribed by the Bank’s Loan Policy. Any loan that is deemed to have potential or well defined weaknesses that may jeopardize collection in full is then analyzed to ascertain its level of weakness. If appropriate, the loan may be charged-off or a specific reserve may be assigned if the loan is deemed to be impaired.

 

During the risk rating verification process, each loan identified as inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged is considered impaired and is placed on non-accrual status. On these loans, management analyzes the potential impairment of the individual loan and may set aside a specific reserve. Any amounts deemed uncollectible during that analysis are charged-off.

 

For the remaining loans in each segment, management calculates the probability of loss as a group using the risk rating for each of the following loan types: Commercial Real Estate – owner occupied, Commercial Real Estate – non-owner occupied, Residential Real Estate, Commercial, Real Estate Construction, and Consumer. Management calculates the historical loss rate in each group by risk rating using a period of at least three years. This historical loss rate may then be adjusted based on management’s assessment of internal and external environmental factors. This adjustment is meant to account for changes between the historical economic environment and current conditions, and for changes in the ongoing management of the portfolio which affects the loans’ potential loss.

 

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Once complete, management compares the condition of the portfolio using several different characteristics, as well as its experience, to the experience of other banks in its peer group in order to determine if it is directionally consistent with others’ experience in our area and line of business. Based on that analysis, management aggregates the probabilities of loss of the remaining portfolio based on the specific and general allowances and may provide additional amounts to the allowance for loan losses as needed. Since this process involves estimates, the allowance for loan losses may also contain an immaterial amount that is not allocated to a specific loan or to a group of loans, but is deemed necessary to absorb additional losses in the portfolio.

 

Management and the Board of Directors subject the reserve adequacy and methodology to review on a regular basis to internal auditors, external auditors and bank regulators, and such reviews have not resulted in any material adjustment to the reserve.

 

The following tables present an analysis of the allowance for loan losses for the periods indicated.

 

   Allowance for Loan Losses 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007 
   (In Thousands) 
Balance, beginning of year  $10,527   $9,127   $7,462   $7,462   $5,452 
                          
Provision for loan losses   1,149    2,816    6,064    5,423    2,588 
                          
Charge-offs:                         
Commercial real estate - owner occupied   344    624    584    1,125    - 
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   -    -    1,064    2,913    - 
Residential real estate   596    875    851    1,055    580 
Commercial   292    501    1,541    184    - 
Real estate construction   -    48    1,247    241    - 
Consumer   -    -    23    42    - 
Total charge-offs   1,232    2,048    5,310    5,560    580 
Recoveries:                         
Commercial real estate - owner occupied   405    20    159    -    - 
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   234    89    135    -    - 
Residential real estate   89    38    79    137    - 
Commercial   536    385    374    -    - 
Real estate construction   30    99    66    -    - 
Consumer and other   -    1    98    -    2 
Total recoveries   1,294    632    911    137    2 
Net charge-offs   62    (1,416)   (4,399)   (5,423)   (578)
                          
Balance, end of year  $11,738   $10,527   $9,127   $7,462   $7,462 

  

   Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   Percentage
of total
   2010   Percentage
of total
   2009   Percentage
of total
   2008   Percentage
of total
   2007   Percentage
of total
 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Commercial real estate - owner occupied  $3,634    30.96%  $3,134    29.77%  $2,533    27.75%  $1,633    21.88%  $2,054    27.53%
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   1,747    14.88    2,173    20.64    1,865    20.43    1,315    17.62    1,433    19.20 
Residential real estate   2,874    24.48    2,930    27.83    2,517    27.58    1,880    25.19    1,695    22.72 
Commercial   3,021    25.74    1,509    14.33    1,563    17.13    1,816    24.34    1,341    17.97 
Real estate construction   423    3.60    758    7.20    539    5.91    805    10.79    929    12.45 
Consumer   39    0.34    23    0.23    110    1.20    13    0.18    10    0.13 
Total  $11,738    100.00%  $10,527    100.00%  $9,127    100.00%  $7,462    100.00%  $7,462    100.00%

 

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Non-performing Assets And Loans Past Due

 

The following table presents information with respect to non-performing assets and 90 day delinquencies as of the dates indicated.

 

   Non-performing Assets and Accruing Loans Past Due 90 Days or More 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009   2008   2007 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Non-accrual loans:                         
Commercial real estate - owner occupied  $2,694   $6,345   $3,631   $22   $- 
Commercial real estate - non-owner occupied   321    367    -    -    - 
Residential real estate   2,249    949    1,504    -    1,474 
Commercial   1,439    900    208    74    187 
Real estate construction   -    -    1,689    2,678    - 
Consumer   -    -    -    101    - 
Total non-accrual loans   6,703    8,561    7,032    2,875    1,661 
                          
Other real estate owned ("OREO")   -    1,859    5,111    4,455    1,041 
                          
Total non-performing assets  $6,703   $10,420   $12,143   $7,330   $2,702 
                          
Restructured loans included above in non-accrual loans  $1,428   $958   $-   $-   $- 
                          
Ratio of non-performing assets to:                         
Total loans plus OREO   1.18%   2.11%   2.47%   1.49%   0.56%
                          
Total assets   0.83%   1.25%   1.82%   1.04%   0.43%
                          
Accruing past due loans:                         
90 or more days past due  $-   $333   $-   $-   $- 

 

Non-accrual loans totaled $6.7 million at December 31, 2011 and were comprised of eleven borrowers. The loans are carried at the current net realizable value after consideration of $1.9 million in specific reserves. Included in non-accrual loans at December 31, 2011 are restructured loans which consisted of three commercial loans totaling $1.1 million and one commercial real estate loan -non-owner occupied in the amount of $321 thousand. There were no restructured loans prior to 2010. The Bank considers restructurings of loans to troubled borrowers when it is deemed to be beneficial to the borrower and improves the prospects for complete recovery of the debt.

 

The accrual of interest is discontinued at the time a loan is 90 days delinquent unless the credit is well-secured and in process of collection. When a loan is placed on non-accrual, accrued and unpaid interest is reversed from interest income. Subsequent receipts on non-accrual loans are recorded as a reduction to the principal balance. Interest income is recorded only after principal recovery is reasonably assured.

 

The loss potential for each loan has been evaluated and in management’s opinion the risk of loss is adequately reserved against. Management actively works with the borrowers to maximize the potential for repayment and reports on the status to the Board of Directors monthly.

 

At December 31, 2011, the Corporation did not have any OREO.

 

Deposits

 

Deposits totaled $645.0 million at December 31, 2011 and were comprised of noninterest-bearing demand deposits in the amount of $113.9 million, savings and interest-bearing deposits in the amount of $182.0 million, and time deposits in the amount of $349.1 million. Total deposits increased $17.2 million from December 31, 2010. Noninterest-bearing deposits increased $29.9 million from $84.0 million at December 31, 2010 to $113.9 million at December 31, 2011. This increase in noninterest-bearing accounts is due to a combination of 204 new accounts and increased balances in existing commercial accounts at year end. Savings and interest-bearing deposit accounts increased $23.6 million from $158.4 million at December 31, 2010 to $182.0 million at December 31, 2011. Time deposits decreased $36.4 million and totaled $349.1 million at December 31, 2011 compared to $385.5 million in 2010. The decrease in time deposits occurred primarily in deposits obtained through the Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service (“CDARS”).

 

35
 

 

We use wholesale funding or brokered deposits to supplement traditional customer deposits for liquidity and to maintain our desired interest rate risk position. Together with FHLB borrowings we use brokered deposits to fund the short-term cash needs associated with the LHFS activities discussed under “Loans” as well as other funding needs. Brokered deposits totaled $223.6 million at December 31, 2011, which included $192.3 million in CDARS deposits as compared to $290.6 million at December 31, 2010, which included $234.2 million in CDARS deposits.

 

We participate in CDARS. Through CDARS our depositors are able to obtain FDIC insurance of up to $50.0 million. The FDIC currently classifies CDARS deposits as brokered deposits, even though the deposits originate from our customers. These deposits are placed at other participating financial institutions to obtain FDIC insurance and we receive a reciprocal amount in return from these financial institutions.

 

True brokered deposits have declined from $56.4 million at December 31, 2010 to $31.2 million at December 31, 2011. These deposits are not at premium rates and are frequently below retail interest rates. Brokered deposits are viewed by many as being volatile and unstable, however unlike retail certificates of deposit, there are no early withdrawal options on brokered certificates of deposit for any reason other than death of the underlying depositors. Brokered deposits provide funding flexibility and can be renewed at maturity, allowed to roll off or increased or decreased without any impact on core deposit relationships.

 

We manage the roll over risk of all deposits by maintaining liquid assets in the form of interest-bearing balances at the FRB and FHLB as well as investment securities available-for-sale and loans held for sale. In addition we also maintain lines of credit with the FHLB, FRB, and correspondent banks. At December 31, 2011 there was $284.9 million available under these lines of credit.

 

Depositors have been reluctant to extend maturities on certificates of deposits due to the low interest rate environment which has resulted in an increase in certificates of deposits maturing in the one year or less category. We anticipate that we will renew these certificates of deposits depending on our current funding needs. Our Funds Management Committee monitors the level of re-pricing assets and liabilities and establishes pricing guidelines to maintain net interest margins.

 

The daily average balances and weighted average rates paid on deposits for each of the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009 are presented below.

 

 

   Average Deposits and Average Rates Paid 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
   Average   Income /   Yield /   Average   Income /   Yield /   Average   Income /   Yield / 
   Balance   Expense   Rate   Balance   Expense   Rate   Balance   Expense   Rate 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Interest-bearing demand deposits  $48,349   $227    0.47%  $30,166   $183    0.61%  $27,224   $278    1.02%
Money market deposit accounts   111,090    628    0.57%   132,761    1,345    1.01%   92,682    1,403    1.51%
Savings accounts   2,853    6    0.21%   3,939    30    0.76%   4,470    60    1.34%
Time deposits   303,009    4,343    1.43%   331,162    6,075    1.83%   316,823    8,827    2.79%
Total interest-bearing deposits  $465,301   $5,204    1.12%  $498,028   $7,633    1.53%  $441,199   $10,568    2.40%
Noninterest-bearing demand deposits   100,149              74,111              78,278           
Total deposits  $565,450             $572,139             $519,477           

 

The table below presents the maturity distribution of time deposits at December 31, 2011.

 

   Certificate of Deposit Maturity Distribution 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 2011 
   Three months   Over three   Over     
   or less   through twelve months   twelve months   Total 
   (In Thousands) 
Less than $100,000  $7,210   $27,730   $48,841   $83,781 
Greater than or equal to $100,000   103,266    116,364    45,712    265,342 
   $110,476   $144,094   $94,553   $349,123 

 

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Borrowings

 

Borrowed funds generally consist of advances from the FHLB, a senior unsecured term note, FHLB long-term borrowings, subordinated debentures (trust preferred), securities sold under agreements to repurchase, U.S. Treasury demand notes, federal funds purchased, and commercial paper. At December 31, 2011 borrowed funds totaled $70.9 million, compared to $123.6 million at December 31, 2010. Short-term borrowings decreased from $80.3 million at December 31, 2010 to $59.9 million at December 31, 2011. The decrease in short-term borrowings was due to discontinuing the issuance of commercial paper and borrowings under the U.S Treasury demand note.

 

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase represent overnight investment of funds from commercial checking accounts pursuant to sweep agreements which enable our corporate clients to receive interest on their excess funds.

 

The following table provides a break down of all borrowed funds.

 

   Borrowed Funds Distribution 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Borrowings:               
At Period End               
FHLB advances  $-   $5,417   $20,178 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   29,904    41,047    26,804 
Commercial paper   -    28,226    16,517 
U.S. Treasury demand note   -    5,658    750 
FHLB long-term borrowings   4,821    7,036    16,333 
Senior unsecured term note   30,000    29,998    29,997 
Subordinated debentures   6,186    6,186    6,186 
Federal funds purchased   -    -    - 
Total at period end  $70,911   $123,568   $116,765 
                
Borrowings:               
Average Balances               
FHLB advances  $8,458   $11,413   $23,676 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   36,571    29,202    23,283 
Commercial paper   19,035    25,391    16,934 
U.S. Treasury demand note   1,646    1,283    706 
FHLB long-term borrowings   6,196    9,239    24,026 
Senior unsecured term note   30,081    29,998    26,627 
Subordinated debentures   6,186    6,186    6,186 
Federal funds purchased   41    -    177 
Total average balance  $108,214   $112,712   $121,615 
                
Average rate paid on all borrowed funds   1.71%   2.20%   2.80%

  

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Average rate paid on all borrowed funds  Average Balances   Expense   Yield   Average Balances   Expense   Yield 
FHLB advances  $8,458   $42    0.50%  $11,413   $429    3.76%
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   36,571    67    0.18%   29,202    105    0.36%
Commercial paper   19,035    114    0.60%   25,391    228    0.90%
US Treasury demand note   1,646    -    0.00%   1,283    -    0.00%
FHLB long term borrowings   6,196    219    3.53%   9,239    312    3.38%
Senior unsecured term note   30,081    1,191    3.96%   29,998    1,191    3.97%
Subordinated debentures   6,186    213    3.44%   6,186    216    3.49%
Fed funds purchased   41    -    0.00%   -    -    0.00%
   $108,214   $1,846    1.71%  $112,712   $2,481    2.20%

  

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Maximum balance at any given month end during the periods of analysis is reflected in the following table: 

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
   Maximum Balance at   Maximum Balance at   Maximum Balance at 
   any month-end   any month-end   any month-end 
FHLB advances  $40,000    May   $20,179    January   $40,179    November 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   39,553    April    42,714    October    26,937    January 
Commercial paper   32,299    January    38,378    October    28,804    January 
US Treasury demand note   4,000    May    5,659    December    884    August 
FHLB long term borrowings   7,036    February    11,333    February    36,107    January 
Senior unsecured term note   30,000    December    29,998    December    29,997    December 
Subordinated debentures   6,186    Decemebr    6,186    December    6,186    December 
Fed funds purchased   -    -    -    -    3    July 

 

Shareholders’ Equity

 

Shareholders’ equity totaled $82.8 million at December 31, 2011, compared to $72.2 million at December 31, 2010. Changes in shareholders’ equity during 2011 include net income of $11.4 million, $347 thousand from proceeds of stock options exercised, other comprehensive gain of $1.9 million, and stock based compensation of $213 thousand less shares repurchased of $1.8 million and cash dividends paid of $1.4 million.

 

Banking regulators have defined minimum regulatory capital ratios that the Corporation and the Bank are required to maintain. These risk-based capital guidelines take into consideration risk factors, as defined by the banking regulators, associated with various categories of assets, both on and off the balance sheet. Both the Corporation and Bank are classified as well capitalized, which is the highest rating.

 

The table below presents an analysis of risk-based capital and outlines the regulatory components of capital and risk-based capital ratios.

 

   Risk Based Capital Analysis 
     
   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
   (Dollars In Thousands) 
Tier 1 Capital:               
Common stock  $8,511   $8,664   $8,799 
Additional paid in capital   16,716    17,794    18,552 
Retained earnings   57,529    47,530    40,376 
Subordinated debt (trust preferred debenture)   6,000    6,000    6,000 
Less: Disallowed servicing assets and loss on equity security   (112)   (168)   (123)
Total Tier 1 Capital  $88,644   $79,820   $73,604 
Subordinated debt not included in Tier 1   -    -    - 
Allowance for loan losses   7,788    7,049    6,861 
                
Total Risk Based Capital  $96,432   $86,869   $80,465 
                
Risk weighted assets  $618,746   $560,112   $546,288 
                
Quarterly average assets  $821,995   $834,810   $685,754 
                
Capital Ratios:               
Tier 1 risk based capital ratio   14.33%   14.25%   13.47%
Total risk based capital ratio   15.59%   15.51%   14.73%
Leverage ratio   10.78%   9.56%   10.73%

 

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Liquidity Management

 

Liquidity is the ability of the Corporation to meet current and future cash flow requirements. The liquidity of a financial institution reflects its ability to convert assets into cash or cash equivalents without significant loss and to raise additional funds by increasing liabilities. Liquidity management involves maintaining the Corporation’s ability to meet the daily cash flow requirements of both depositors and borrowers.

 

Asset and liability management functions not only serve to assure adequate liquidity in order to meet the needs of the Corporation’s customers, but also to maintain an appropriate balance between interest sensitive assets and interest sensitive liabilities so that the Corporation can earn an appropriate return for its shareholders.

 

The asset portion of the balance sheet provides liquidity primarily through loan principal repayments and maturities of investment securities. Other short-term investments such as federal funds sold and interest-bearing deposits with other banks are additional sources of liquidity funding. At December 31, 2011, overnight interest-bearing balances totaled $38.5 million and securities available-for-sale totaled $45.8 million.

 

The liability portion of the balance sheet provides liquidity through various interest-bearing and noninterest-bearing deposit accounts, federal funds purchased, securities sold under agreement to repurchase and other short-term borrowings. At December 31, 2011, the Bank had a line of credit with the FHLB totaling $229.2 million and $4.8 million in term loans outstanding at fixed rates ranging from 2.55% to 4.97% leaving approximately $224.4 million available on the line. In addition to the line of credit at the FHLB, the Bank issues repurchase agreements. As of December 31, 2011, outstanding repurchase agreements totaled $29.9 million. The interest rate on these instruments is variable and subject to change daily. The Bank also maintains federal funds lines of credit with its correspondent banks and, at December 31, 2011, these lines amounted to $60.4 million. The Corporation also has $6.2 million in subordinated debentures to support the Corporation’s operations.

 

The Bank relies on deposits and other short and long-term resources for liquidity from a variety of sources that substantially reduces reliance upon any single provider. The Corporation expects its short and long-term sources of liquidity and capital to remain adequate to support expected growth.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

The following table summarizes the Corporation’s significant fixed and determinable contractual obligations to make future payments as of December 31, 2011.

 

   Year Ended December 31, 2011 
   Less Than   1 - 3   More Than     
   1 Year   Years   3 Years   Total 
   (In Thousands) 
Certificates of deposit  $254,572   $53,926   $40,625   $349,123 
FHLB Advances   -    -    -    - 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase   29,904    -    -    29,904 
FHLB long-term borrowings   -    2,500    2,321    4,821 
Senior unsecured term note   30,000    -    -    30,000 
Subordinated debentures   -    -    6,186    6,186 
Leases   429    718    526    1,673 
Total  $314,905   $57,144   $49,658   $421,707 

 

The Corporation generates sufficient cash flows and has adequate resources to meet its contractual obligations. We anticipate that substantially all of the maturing certificates of deposit will be renewed with the exception of certain brokered deposits that we intentionally will not be renewing. As of February 15, 2012 we have paid off the senior unsecured term note of $30.0 million. Securities sold under agreements to repurchase are likely to remain substantially the same as this item represents funds from over night sweep agreements with our commercial checking customers.

 

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Off Balance Sheet Items

 

During the ordinary course of business, the Bank issues commitments to extend credit and, at December 31, 2011, these commitments amounted to $17.9 million. These commitments do not necessarily represent cash requirements, since many commitments are expected to expire without being drawn on. At December 31, 2011 the Bank had approximately $127.2 million in unfunded lines and letters of credit.

 

The Mortgage Division had open forward contracts at December 31, 2011 totaling $76.5 million and $34.0 million at December 31, 2010. See Notes 9 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

The Mortgage Division has agreements with a variety of counterparties to whom mortgage loans are sold on a non-recourse basis. As customary in the industry, the agreements require the Mortgage Division to extend representations and warranties with respect to program compliance, borrower misrepresentation, fraud, and early payment performance.  Under the agreements, the counterparties are entitled to make loss claims and repurchase requests of the Mortgage Division for loans that contain covered deficiencies.  The overall economic conditions, continued high unemployment, and weak values in the housing market has created a heightened risk of loss due to the representations and warranties associated with sold mortgage loans.   The Mortgage Division has adopted a reserve methodology whereby provisions are made to an expense account to fund a reserve maintained as a liability account on the balance sheet for potential losses. The amount of the provision and adequacy of the reserve is recommended by management and approved by the Board no less than quarterly.  Management estimates the reserve based upon an analysis of historical loss experiences and actual settlements with our counterparties. A schedule of expected losses on loans with claims or indemnifications is maintained to ensure the reserve equals or exceeds the estimate of loss. Claims in process are recognized in the period received, actively monitored and subject to validation prior to payment.  Often times, claims are not factually validated and the claim is rescinded.  Once claims are validated and the actual or potential loss is agreed upon with the counterparty, the reserve is charged and a cash payment is made to settle the claim.  The loan performance data of sold loans is not made available to the Mortgage Division by the counterparties, thereby making it impossible to estimate the timing and amount of claims until such time as claims are actually presented. Through careful monitoring and conservative estimates, the balance of the reserve has adequately provided for all claims since established. At December 31, 2011 and 2010 the balance in this reserve totaled approximately $2.6 million and $2.0 million respectively.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Refer to Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 7A – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

The Corporation’s market risk is composed primarily of interest rate risk. The Funds Management Committee is responsible for reviewing the interest rate sensitivity position and establishes policies to monitor and coordinate the Corporation’s sources, uses, and pricing of funds.

 

Interest Rate Sensitivity Management

 

The Corporation uses a simulation model to analyze, manage and formulate operating strategies that address net interest income sensitivity to movements in interest rates. The simulation model projects net interest income based on various interest rate scenarios over a twelve month period. The model is based on the actual maturity and re-pricing characteristics of rate sensitive assets and liabilities. The model incorporates certain assumptions which management believes to be reasonable regarding the impact of changing interest rates and the prepayment assumption of certain assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2011. The model assumes changes in interest rates without any management intervention to change the composition of the balance sheet. According to the model run for the period ended December 31, 2011, over a twelve month period an immediate 100 basis points increase in interest rates would result in an increase in net interest income by 4.98%. An immediate 200 basis points increase in interest rates would result in an increase in net interest income by 10.22%. A 100 basis points decrease in interest rates would result in a negative variance in net interest income and is considered unlikely given current interest rate levels. While management carefully monitors the exposure to changes in interest rates and takes actions as warranted to decrease any adverse impact, there can be no assurance about the actual effect of interest rate changes on net interest income.

 

The Corporation’s net interest income and the fair value of its financial instruments are influenced by changes in the level of interest rates. The Corporation manages its exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through policies established by its Funds Management Committee. The Funds Management Committee meets monthly and has responsibility for formulating and implementing strategies to improve balance sheet positioning and net income and reviewing interest rate sensitivity.

 

40
 

 

The Mortgage Division is party to mortgage rate lock commitments to fund mortgage loans at interest rates previously agreed (locked) by both the Mortgage Division and the borrower for specified periods of time. When the borrower locks his or her interest rate, the Mortgage Division effectively extends a put option to the borrower, whereby the borrower is not obligated to enter into the loan agreement, but the Mortgage Division must honor the interest rate for the specified time period. The Mortgage Division is exposed to interest rate risk during the accumulation of interest rate lock commitments and loans prior to sale. The Mortgage Division utilizes either a best efforts sell forward or a mandatory sell forward commitment to economically hedge the changes in fair value of the loan due to changes in market interest rates. Failure to effectively monitor, manage, and hedge the interest rate risk associated with the mandatory commitments subjects the Mortgage Division to potentially significant market risk.

 

Throughout the lock period the changes in the market value of interest rate lock commitments, best efforts and mandatory sell forward commitments are recorded as unrealized gains and losses and are included in the consolidated statement of income under other noninterest income. The Mortgage Division utilizes a third party and its proprietary simulation model to assist in identifying and managing the risk associated with this activity.

 

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

 

A bank’s asset and liability structure is substantially different from that of a non-financial company in that virtually all assets and liabilities of a bank are monetary in nature. The impact of inflation on financial results depends upon the Bank’s ability to react to changes in interest rates and, by such reaction, reduce the inflationary impact on performance. Interest rates do not necessarily move in the same direction, or at the same magnitude, as the prices of other goods and services. Management seeks to manage the relationship between interest-sensitive assets and liabilities in order to protect against wide interest rate fluctuations, including those resulting from inflation.

 

41
 

 

ITEM 8 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Access National Corporation

Reston, Virginia

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Access National Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Access National Corporation and subsidiaries at December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Access National Corporation and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) and our report dated March 15, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

/S/ BDO USA, LLP

 

BDO USA, LLP

Richmond, Virginia

March 23, 2012

 

42
 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Board of Directors and Shareholders

Access National Corporation

Reston, Virginia

 

We have audited Access National Corporation and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria).  Access National Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

In our opinion, Access National Corporation and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the COSO criteria.

 

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Access National Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011, and our report dated March 23, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

 

/S/ BDO USA, LLP

 

BDO USA, LLP

Richmond, Virginia

March 23, 2012

 

43
 

 

ACCESS NATIONAL CORPORATION

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data)

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010 
Assets          
           
Cash and due from banks  $5,362   $9,198 
Interest-bearing deposits in other banks and federal funds sold   38,547    102,709 
Securities available-for-sale, at fair value   45,837    124,307 
Securities held-to-maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $39,978 and $0)   39,987    - 
Total investment securities   85,824    124,307 
           
Restricted stock   3,665    4,438 
Loans held for sale   95,126    82,244 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses 2011 - $11,738; 2010 - $10,527   557,662    481,002 
Premises and equipment, net   8,671    8,934 
Accrued interest receivable and other assets   14,901    18,992 
Total assets  $809,758   $831,824 
           
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity          
           
Liabilities          
Deposits          
   Noninterest-bearing demand deposits  $113,885   $83,972 
   Savings and interest-bearing deposits   182,005    158,352 
   Time deposits   349,123    385,524 
Total deposits   645,013    627,848 
           
Short-term borrowings   59,904    80,348 
Long-term borrowings   4,821    37,034 
Subordinated debentures   6,186    6,186 
Other liabilities and accrued expenses   11,019    8,215 
Total liabilities   726,943    759,631 
           
Shareholders' Equity          
Common stock, par value, $0.835, authorized 60,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding, 10,192,649 - 2011 and 10,376,169 - 2010   8,511    8,664 
Additional paid in capital   16,716    17,794 
Retained earnings   57,529    47,530 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net   59    (1,795)
Total shareholders' equity   82,815    72,193 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity  $809,758   $831,824 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

44
 

 

ACCESS NATIONAL CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Income

(In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data)

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
Interest and Dividend Income               
Loans  $32,808   $32,691   $34,334 
Interest-bearing deposits and federal funds sold   143    210    154 
Securities   2,216    2,242    3,038 
Total interest and dividend income   35,167    35,143    37,526 
                
Interest Expense               
Deposits   5,204    7,633    10,568 
Short-term borrowings   1,414    763    1,261 
Long-term borrowings   219    1,502    1,901 
Subordinated debentures   213    216    238 
Total interest expense   7,050    10,114    13,968 
                
Net interest income   28,117    25,029    23,558 
Provision for loan losses   1,149    2,816    6,064 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   26,968    22,213    17,494 
                
Noninterest Income               
Service fees on deposit accounts   693    666    536 
Gain on sale of loans   35,345    32,501    49,262 
Mortgage broker fee income   627    1,642    918 
Other income   (236)   (149)   6,250 
Total noninterest income   36,429    34,660    56,966 
                
Noninterest Expense               
Compensation and employee benefits   25,415    22,047    28,122 
Occupancy   2,152    2,061    1,726 
Furniture and equipment   779    545    771 
Other   17,376    20,118    28,352 
Total noninterest expense   45,722    44,771    58,971 
                
Income before income taxes   17,675    12,102    15,489 
                
Provision for income taxes   6,287    4,526    5,854 
Net Income  $11,388   $7,576   $9,635 
                
Earnings per common share:               
Basic  $1.11   $0.72   $0.93 
Diluted  $1.10   $0.72   $0.92 
                
Average outstanding shares:               
Basic   10,277,801    10,503,383    10,391,348 
Diluted   10,344,325    10,525,258    10,432,857 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

45
 

 

ACCESS NATIONAL CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity

(In Thousands, Except for Share and Per Share Data)

 

               Accumulated     
               Other     
       Additional       Compre-     
   Common   Paid in   Retained   hensive     
   Stock   Capital   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Total 
Balance, December 31, 2008  $8,551   $17,410   $31,157   $827   $57,945 
Comprehensive income:                         
Net income   -    -    9,635    -    9,635 
Other comprehensive income, unrealized holdings losses arising during the period (net of tax, $400)   -    -    -    (777)   (777)
Total comprehensive income                       8,858 
Stock options exercised (184,452 shares)   154    470    -    -    624 
Dividend reinvestment plan (146,759 shares)   123    654    -    -    777 
Repurchase of common stock under share repurchase program (34,530 shares)   (29)   (144)   -    -    (173)
Cash dividend   -    -    (415)   -    (415)
Stock-based compensation                         
expense recognized in earnings   -    162    -    -    162 
                          
Balance, December 31, 2009  $8,799   $18,552   $40,377   $50   $67,778 
Comprehensive income:                         
Net income   -    -    7,576    -    7,576 
Other comprehensive income, unrealized holdings losses arising during the period (net of tax, $951)   -    -    -    (1,845)   (1,845)
Total comprehensive income                       5,731 
Stock options exercised (15,000 shares)   13    38    -    -    51 
Dividend reinvestment plan (74,721 shares)   62    354    -    -    416 
Repurchase of common stock under share repurchase program (250,980 shares)   (210)   (1,325)   -    -    (1,535)
Cash dividend   -    -    (423)   -    (423)
Stock-based compensation                         
expense recognized in earnings   -    175    -    -    175 
                          
Balance, December 31, 2010  $8,664   $17,794   $47,530   $(1,795)  $72,193 
                          
Comprehensive income:                         
Net income   -    -    11,388    -    11,388 
Other comprehensive income, unrealized holdings gains arising during the period (net of tax, $955)   -    -    -    1,854    1,854 
Total comprehensive income                       13,242 
Stock options exercised (55,975 shares)   46    301    -    -    347 
Dividend reinvestment plan (0 shares)   -    -    -    -    - 
Repurchase of common stock under share repurchase program (239,495 shares)   (199)   (1,592)   -    -    (1,791)
Cash dividend   -    -    (1,389)   -    (1,389)
Stock-based compensation                         
expense recognized in earnings   -    213    -    -    213 
                          
Balance, December 31, 2011  $8,511   $16,716   $57,529   $59   $82,815 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

46
 

 

ACCESS NATIONAL CORPORATION

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In Thousands)

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities               
Net income  $11,388   $7,576   $9,635 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in)               
operating activities:               
Provision for loan losses   1,149    2,816    6,064 
Provision for losses on mortgage loans sold   966    3,836    5,050 
Writedown of other real estate owned   310    916    1,245 
Gain on other real estate owned   (1,325)          
Gain on sale of securities   -    (186)   (984)
Deferred tax benefit   (618)   (66)   (1,525)
Stock-based compensation   213    175    162 
Valuation allowance on derivatives   341    (114)   (75)
Net amortization (accretion) on securities   (16)   105    72 
Depreciation and amortization   448    440    565 
Loss on disposal of fixed assets   39    6    2 
Changes in assets and liabilities:               
Valuation of loans held for sale carried at fair value   (2,878)   771    (1,626)
Originations of loans held for sale   (796,991)   (824,738)   (1,515,880)
Proceed from sale of loans held for sale   786,988    817,955    1,525,586 
Decrease (increase) in other assets   1,560    4,060    (8,228)
Increase (decrease) in other liabilities   1,839    (11,113)   2,530 
Net cash provided by operating activities   3,413    2,439    22,593 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities               
Proceeds from maturities and calls of securities available for sale   106,709    155,718    63,556 
Proceeds from sale of securities   -    20,186    15,312 
Purchases of securities available for sale   (24,640)   (259,527)   (35,955)
Purchase of securities held to maturity   (39,987)   -    - 
Net increase in loans   (81,535)   (11,439)   (5,035)
Proceeds from sale of assets   -    -    23 
Proceeds from sales of other real estate owned   6,600    7,394    350 
Purchases of premises and equipment   (232)   (602)   (58)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities   (33,085)   (88,270)   38,193 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities               
Net increase in demand, interest-bearing demand and savings deposits   53,567    33,554    37,940 
Net (decrease) increase in time deposits   (36,401)   127,649    (56,696)
(Decrease) increase in securities sold under agreement to repurchase   (11,144)   14,244    (4,584)
Net (decrease) increase in other short-term borrowings   (39,300)   1,856    (34,742)
Net (decrease) increase in long-term borrowings   (2,214)   (9,296)   5,223 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock   347    467    1,400 
Repurchase of common stock   (1,791)   (1,535)   (173)
Dividends paid   (1,389)   (423)   (415)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (38,325)   166,516    (52,047)
                
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (67,997)   80,685    8,739 
Cash and Cash Equivalents               
Beginning   111,906    31,221    22,482 
Ending  $43,909   $111,906   $31,221 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information               
Cash payments for interest  $7,421   $9,854   $13,602 
Cash payments for income taxes  $6,831   $4,908   $7,113 
Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Investing Activities               
Unrealized gain (loss) on securities available for sale  $2,810   $(2,796)  $(1,176)
Loans transferred to other real estate owned  $3,726   $5,058   $2,250 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

47
 

 

ACCESS NATIONAL CORPORATION

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Nature of Operations - Access National Corporation (the “Corporation “) is a bank holding company incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The holding company was formed on June 15, 2002. The Corporation owns all of the stock of its subsidiaries including Access National Bank (the “Bank”) and Access National Capital Trust II. The Bank is an independent commercial bank chartered under federal laws as a national banking association. The Trust subsidiary was formed for the purpose of issuing redeemable capital securities.

 

The Bank has two active wholly-owned subsidiaries: Access Real Estate LLC, a real estate company, and Access Capital Management Holding, LLC, a holding company for Capital Fiduciary Advisors, L.L.C., Access Investment Services, L.L.C. and Access Insurance Group, L.L.C.

 

During 2011 the Bank closed the Mortgage Corporation and transferred all mortgage banking activities into the Bank as a separate division, the (“Mortgage Division”). The Mortgage Corporation ceased conducting new business on July 1, 2011 and will be dissolved in 2012.

 

Basis of Presentation - The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Access National Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Access National Bank, and Access National Capital Trust II. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The accounting and reporting policies of the Corporation and its subsidiaries conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and to predominant practices within the banking industry.

 

Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions based on available information. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, the fair values and impairments of financial instruments, the status of contingencies and the valuation of deferred tax assets.

 

Cash Flow Reporting - For purposes of the statements of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consists of cash and due from banks, federal funds sold and interest-bearing deposits in other banks.

 

Restrictions on Cash and Cash Equivalents - As a member of the Federal Reserve System, the Bank is required to maintain certain average reserve balances. Those balances include usable vault cash and amounts on deposit with the FRB. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, the amount of daily average required balances were approximately $350 thousand. The Mortgage Division held escrow deposits in conjunction with mortgage loans totaling $551,000 and $469,000 at December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

 

Securities - Debt securities that management has both the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity are classified as “held-to-maturity” and are recorded at amortized cost. Securities not classified as held-to-maturity, including equity securities with readily determinable fair values, are classified as “available-for-sale” and recorded at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from net income and reported in other comprehensive income.

 

Purchase premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the terms of the securities. Declines in the fair value of held-to-maturity and available-for-sale securities below their cost that are deemed to be other than temporary are reflected in net income as realized losses. Gains and losses on the sale of securities are recorded on the trade date and are determined using the specific identification method.

 

Restricted Stock

 

Restricted stock consists of Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (“FHLB”) stock and FRB stock.  These stocks are classified as restricted stocks because their ownership is restricted to certain types of entities and they lack a market.  Restricted stock is carried at cost on the Corporation's financial statements. Dividends are paid semiannually on FRB stock and quarterly on FHLB stock.

 

48
 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Other Than Temporary Impairment of Investment Securities –Securities are evaluated quarterly for potential other than temporary impairment. Management considers the facts of each security including the nature of the security, the amount and duration of the loss, credit quality of the issuer, the expectations for that security’s performance, and Corporation’s intent and ability to hold the security until recovery. Declines in equity securities that are considered to be other than temporary are recorded as a charge to net income in the Consolidated Statements of Income. Declines in debt securities that are considered to be other than temporary are separated into (1) the amount of the total impairment related to credit loss and (2) the amount of the total impairment related to all other factors. The amount of the total other than temporary impairment related to the credit loss is recognized in net income. The amount of the total impairment related to all other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

Loans - The Corporation grants commercial, real estate, and consumer loans to customers in the community in and around the Greater Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area. The loan portfolio is well diversified and generally collateralized by assets of the customers. The loans are expected to be repaid from cash flow or proceeds from the sale of selected assets of the borrowers. The ability of the Corporation’s debtors to honor their contracts is dependent upon the real estate and general economic conditions in the Corporation’s market area.

 

Loans that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or pay-off generally are reported at their outstanding unpaid principal balances less the allowance for loan losses, and any deferred fees or costs on originated loans. Interest income is accrued on the unpaid principal balance. Loan origination fees, net of certain direct origination costs, are deferred and recognized as an adjustment of the related loan yield using the effective interest method.

 

The accrual of interest on mortgage and commercial loans is discontinued at the time the loan is 90 days delinquent unless the credit is well-secured and in process of collection. Consumer loans are typically charged off no later than 180 days past due. In all cases, loans are placed on non-accrual status or charged-off at an earlier date if collection of principal or interest is considered doubtful. All interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on non-accrual status or charged-off is reversed against interest income. The interest on these loans is accounted for on the cash-basis or cost-recovery method, until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all of the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured.

 

Interest Income on Loans - Interest on loans is accrued and credited to income based on the principal amount outstanding. The accrual of interest on loans is discontinued when, in the opinion of management, there is an indication that the borrower may be unable to meet payments as they become due. Upon such discontinuance, all unpaid accrued interest is reversed.

 

Loans Held for Sale - The Corporation accounts for all one to four unit residential loans originated and intended for sale in the secondary market in accordance with FASB ASC 825-10. Loans held for sale are recorded at fair value, determined individually, as of the balance sheet date.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses - The allowance for loan losses is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for loan losses charged to net income. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectibility of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

 

The allowance represents an amount that, in management’s judgment, will be adequate to absorb any losses on existing loans that may become uncollectible. Management’s judgment in determining the adequacy of the allowance is based on evaluations of the collectability of loans while taking into consideration such factors as changes in the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions which may affect a borrower’s ability to repay, overall portfolio quality, and review of specific potential losses. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

The allowance consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that are classified as doubtful, substandard or special mention. For such loans that are also classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers non-classified loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for qualitative factors.

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Corporation will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan by loan basis by either the present value of the expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price, or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.

 

49
 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Derivative Financial Instruments - The Mortgage Division enters into commitments to fund residential mortgage loans with the intention of selling them in the secondary market. The Mortgage Division also enters into forward sales agreements for certain funded loans and loan commitments. The Mortgage Division records unfunded commitments intended for loans held for sale and forward sales agreements at fair value with changes in fair value recorded as a component of other income. Loans originated and intended for sale in the secondary market are carried at fair value. For pipeline loans which are not pre-sold to an investor, the Mortgage Division manages the interest rate risk on rate lock commitments by entering into forward sale contracts of mortgage backed securities, whereby the Mortgage Division obtains the right to deliver securities to investors in the future at a specified price. Such contracts are accounted for as derivatives and are recorded at fair value in derivative assets or liabilities, with changes in fair value recorded in other income.

 

The Mortgage Division has determined these derivative financial instruments do not meet the hedging criteria required by FASB ASC 815 and has not designated these derivative financial instruments as hedges. Accordingly, changes in fair value are recognized currently in income.

 

Premises and Equipment - Premises and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Premises and equipment are depreciated over their estimated useful lives; leasehold improvements are amortized over the lives of the respective leases or the estimated useful life of the leasehold improvement, whichever is less. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of 39 years for office buildings and 3 to 15 years for furniture, fixtures, and equipment. Costs of maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred; improvements and betterments are capitalized. When items are retired or otherwise disposed of, the related costs and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gains or losses are included in the determination of net income.

 

Real Estate Owned - Real estate properties acquired through loan foreclosures are recorded initially at fair value, less expected sales costs. Subsequent valuations are performed by management, and the carrying amount of a property is adjusted by a charge to expense to reflect any subsequent declines in estimated fair value. Fair value estimates are based on recent appraisals and current market conditions. Gains or losses on sales of real estate owned are recognized upon disposition. Real estate owned is included in other assets. At December 31, 2011 the Corporation did not have any real estate owned. At December 31, 2010 real estate owned totaled $1.9 million.

 

Income Taxes - Income tax expense is the total of the current year income tax due or refundable, the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any adjustments related to unrecognized tax benefits. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined using the balance sheet method. Under this method, the net deferred tax asset or liability is determined based on the tax effects of the temporary differences between the book and tax bases of the various balance sheet assets and liabilities and gives current recognition to changes in tax rates and laws. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Corporation has not identified any material uncertain tax positions

 

Stock-Based Compensation Plans – The Corporation uses the modified prospective method. In accordance with FASB ASC 718-10, the Corporation measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the fair value of the award on the grant date. That cost is recognized over the period during which the employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, the requisite service period. No compensation expense is recognized for equity instruments for which employees do not render the requisite service. The Corporation determines the fair value of the employee stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

Earnings Per Share - Basic earnings per share represents income available to common shareholders divided by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued, as well as any adjustment to income that would result from the assumed issuance. Common equivalent shares are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

Fair Value Measurements - The Corporation records certain of its assets and liabilities at fair value. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Fair value measurements are classified within one of three levels in a valuation hierarchy based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels are defined as follows:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access as of the measurement date.

 

50
 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

 

Level 2 - Significant other observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3 - Significant unobservable inputs that reflect a company’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

 

A financial instrument’s categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

See Note 17 - Fair Value Measurements.

 

Securities Sold Under Agreements to Repurchase - Securities sold under agreements to repurchase are accounted for as collateralized financing transactions and are recorded at the amounts at which the securities were sold plus accrued interest. Securities, generally U.S. government and federal agency securities, pledged as collateral under these financing arrangements cannot be sold or re-pledged by the secured party.

 

Advertising Costs - The Corporation charges the costs of advertising to expense as incurred.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In January 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued an update (ASU No. 2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures), which amends ASC 820, adding new requirements for disclosures for Levels 1 and 2 measurements, separate disclosures of purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements relating to Level 3 measurements and clarification of existing fair value disclosures. ASU 2010-06 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the requirement to provide Level 3 activity of purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements on a gross basis, which will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010. The Corporation adopted this statement on January 1, 2010. The adoption of this update did not have a material impact on the Corporation’s consolidated financial statements or results of operations.

 

In April 2011, the FASB amended existing guidance to assist creditors in determining whether a modification of the terms of a receivable meets the definition of a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”). The guidance does not change previous standards that a restructuring of debt constitutes a TDR “if the creditor for economic or legal reasons related to the debtor’s financial difficulties grants a concession to the debtor that it would not otherwise consider,” but provides clarification on determining whether a debtor is in financial difficulty and if a concession was granted. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning on or after June 15, 2011, and should be applied retrospectively to restructurings occurring on or after the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Corporation’s consolidated financial statements or results of operations.

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs.” The Corporation will adopt ASU 2011-04, which generally aligns the principles of fair value measurements with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), in its consolidated financial statements in the first quarter 2012. The provisions of ASU 2011-04 clarify the application of existing fair value measurement requirements, and expand the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. While the provisions of ASU 2011-04 will increase the Corporation’s fair value disclosures the Corporation does not expect the adoption of ASU 2011-04 to have a material effect on the Corporation’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-5, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income” (Topic 220): This update amended existing guidance relating to presentation of other comprehensive income in a convergence effort with international accounting standards. This guidance eliminates the option to present the components of comprehensive income as a part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity and requires a consecutive presentation of net income and other comprehensive