10-K 1 banc-12312014x10k.htm 10-K BANC-12.31.2014-10K
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
 
 
(Mark One)
ý ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014
or
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-35522
BANC OF CALIFORNIA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Maryland
 
04-3639825
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
18500 Von Karman Ave, Suite 1100, Irvine, California
 
92612
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) (949) 236-5211
 
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
Depositary Shares each representing a 1/40th
Interest in a share of 8.00% Non-Cumulative
Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series C
 
New York Stock Exchange
7.50% Senior Notes Due April 15, 2020
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES ¨ NO ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. YES ¨ NO ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES  ý    NO  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES  ý    NO  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨
 
Accelerated filer
ý
Non-accelerated filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    YES  ¨    NO  ý
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the closing price of such stock on New York Stock Exchange as of June 30, 2014, was $294.7 million. (The exclusion from such amount of the market value of the shares owned by any person shall not be deemed an admission by the registrant that such person is an affiliate of the registrant.) As of February 27, 2015, the registrant had outstanding 34,918,477 shares of voting common stock and 945 shares of Class B non-voting common stock.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
PART III of Form 10-K—Portions of the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held in 2015.



BANC OF CALIFORNIA, INC.
FORM 10-K
December 31, 2014
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
PART I
 
Item 1.
Business
Item 1.A.
Risk Factors
Item 1.B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2.
Properties
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
Item 7.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7.A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9.A.
Controls and Procedures
Item 9.B.
Other Information
Part III
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.
Certain Relationship and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
 
Item 15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
SIGNATURES
EXHIBIT INDEX
 

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Forward-looking Statements
When used in this report and in public stockholder communications, in other documents of Banc of California, Inc. (the Company, we, us and our) filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC), or in oral statements made with the approval of an authorized executive officer, the words or phrases “believe,” “will,” “should,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” “project,” “plans,” “guidance” or similar expressions are intended to identify “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. These statements may relate to our future financial performance, strategic plans or objectives, revenue, expense or earnings projections, or other financial items. By their nature, these statements are subject to numerous uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the statements.
Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results anticipated or projected include, but are not limited to, the following:
i.
the ability of the Company to successfully integrate the branches its wholly owned bank subsidiary, Banc of California, N.A. (the Bank), acquired from Banco Popular North America (BPNA or Banco Popular);
ii.
risks that the Company’s merger and acquisition activities, including but not limited to the recent acquisition of the BPNA branches and the acquisitions of The Private Bank of California (PBOC), The Palisades Group, LLC and CS Financial, Inc., as well as the merger of the Company’s subsidiary banks, may disrupt current plans and operations and lead to difficulties in customer and employee retention, risks that the amount of the costs, fees, expenses and charges related to these transactions could be significantly higher than anticipated and risks that the expected revenues, cost savings, synergies and other benefits of these transactions might not be realized to the extent anticipated, within the anticipated timetables, or at all;
iii.
risks that funds obtained from capital raising activities will not be utilized efficiently or effectively;
iv.
a worsening of current economic conditions, as well as turmoil in the financial markets;
v.
the credit risks of lending activities, which may be affected by deterioration in real estate markets and the financial condition of borrowers, may lead to increased loan and lease delinquencies, losses and nonperforming assets in our loan and lease portfolio, and may result in our allowance for loan and lease losses not being adequate to cover actual losses and require us to materially increase our loan and lease loss reserves;
vi.
the quality and composition of our securities portfolio;
vii.
changes in general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas;
viii.
continuation of the historically low short-term interest rate environment, changes in the levels of general interest rates, and the relative differences between short- and long-term interest rates, deposit interest rates, our net interest margin and funding sources;
ix.
fluctuations in the demand for loans and leases, the number of unsold homes and other properties and fluctuations in commercial and residential real estate values in our market area;
x.
results of examinations of us by regulatory authorities and the possibility that any such regulatory authority may, among other things, require us to increase our allowance for loan and lease losses, write-down asset values, increase our capital levels, or affect our ability to borrow funds or maintain or increase deposits, which could adversely affect our liquidity and earnings;
xi.
legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect our business, including changes in regulatory capital or other rules;
xii.
our ability to control operating costs and expenses;
xiii.
staffing fluctuations in response to product demand or the implementation of corporate strategies that affect our work force and potential associated charges;
xiv.
errors in our estimates in determining fair value of certain of our assets, which may result in significant declines in valuation;
xv.
the network and computer systems on which we depend could fail or experience a security breach;
xvi.
our ability to attract and retain key members of our senior management team;
xvii.
costs and effects of litigation, including settlements and judgments;

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xviii.
increased competitive pressures among financial services companies;
xix.
changes in consumer spending, borrowing and saving habits;
xx.
adverse changes in the securities markets;
xxi.
earthquake, fire or other natural disasters affecting the condition of real estate collateral;
xxii.
the availability of resources to address changes in laws, rules or regulations or to respond to regulatory actions;
xxiii.
inability of key third-party providers to perform their obligations to us;
xxiv.
changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the financial institution regulatory agencies or the Financial Accounting Standards Board or their application to our business, including additional guidance and interpretation on accounting issues and details of the implementation of new accounting methods;
xxv.
war or terrorist activities; and
xxvi.
other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, and technological factors affecting our operations, pricing, products and services and the other risks described in this report and from time to time in other documents that we file with or furnish to the SEC, including, without limitation, the risks described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” presented elsewhere in this report.
The Company undertakes no obligation to update any such statement to reflect circumstances or events that occur after the date on which the forward-looking statement is made, except as required by law.


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PART I
Item 1. Business
General
Banc of California, Inc. is a financial holding company and the parent of Banc of California, National Association, a national bank (the Bank), The Palisades Group, LLC, an SEC-registered investment advisor (The Palisades Group), and PTB Property Holdings, LLC, an entity formed to hold real estate, cash and fixed income investments (PTB). Prior to October 11, 2013, Banc of California, Inc. was a multi-bank holding company with two banking subsidiaries, Pacific Trust Bank, a federal savings bank (PacTrust Bank or Pacific Trust Bank) and The Private Bank of California (Beach Business Bank prior to July 1, 2013). On October 11, 2013, Banc of California, Inc. became a one-bank holding company when Pacific Trust Bank converted from a federal savings bank to a national bank and changed its name to Banc of California, National Association, and immediately thereafter The Private Bank of California was merged into Banc of California, National Association. On January 17, 2014, Banc of California, Inc. became a financial holding company. Unless the context indicates otherwise, references to the “Bank” prior to October 11, 2013 mean Pacific Trust Bank and The Private Bank of California (Beach Business Bank prior to July 1, 2013), collectively, and references to the “Bank” on or after October 11, 2013 refer to Banc of California, National Association. Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references to “Banc of California, Inc.” refer to Banc of California, Inc. excluding its consolidated subsidiaries and all references to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to Banc of California, Inc. including its consolidated subsidiaries.
The Company was incorporated under Maryland law in March 2002, and in July 2013, the Company changed its name to “Banc of California, Inc.” As noted above, in October 2013, the Company’s subsidiary banks merged to form a single, national bank subsidiary under the name Banc of California, National Association. The Bank has one wholly owned subsidiary, CS Financial, Inc. (CS Financial), a mortgage banking firm.
Banc of California, Inc. is subject to regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve Board or FRB), and the Bank is subject to regulation primarily by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). As a financial holding company, Banc of California, Inc. may engage in activities permissible for bank holding companies and may engage in other activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature, primarily securities, insurance and merchant banking activities. See “Regulation and Supervision" below.
Banc of California, Inc.'s assets primarily consist of the outstanding stock of the Bank as well as the outstanding membership interests of The Palisades Group and PTB. From time to time, Banc of California, Inc. also has purchased impaired loans and leases, investments and other real estate owned (OREO) from the Bank to assure the Bank’s safety and soundness. At December 31, 2014, Banc of California, Inc. had no significant liabilities at the holding company level other than $84.8 million in its 7.50 percent Senior Notes due April 15, 2020 (Senior Notes) and $12.5 million in its junior subordinated amortizing notes, and related interest payments, compensation of its executive employees and directors, as well as expenses related to strategic initiatives. Banc of California, Inc. also utilizes the support staff and offices of the Bank and pays the Bank for these services. If Banc of California, Inc. expands or changes its business in the future, it may hire additional employees of its own.
The Bank offers a variety of financial services to meet the banking and financial needs of the communities we serve. The Bank is headquartered in Orange County, California and at December 31, 2014, the Bank operated 37 branches in San Diego, Orange, and Los Angeles Counties in California and 67 loan production offices in California, Arizona, Oregon, Virginia, Indiana, Maryland, Colorado, Idaho, and Nevada.
The principal business of the Bank consists of attracting deposits from the general public and investing these funds primarily in commercial, consumer and real estate secured loans. The Bank solicits deposits in its market area and, to a lesser extent, from institutional depositors nationwide and may accept brokered deposits.
The Bank’s deposit product and service offerings include checking, savings, money market, certificates of deposit, retirement accounts as well as mobile, online, cash and treasury management, card payment services, remote deposit, ACH origination, employer/employee retirement planning, telephone banking, automated bill payment, electronic statements, safe deposit boxes, direct deposit and wire transfers. Bank customers also have the ability to access their accounts through a nationwide network of over 55,000 surcharge-free ATMs.
The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 18500 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 1100, California, and its telephone number is (949) 236-5211. Banc of California, Inc.’s voting common stock, the depository shares each representing a 1/40th interest in a share of its 8.00 percent Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series C, and its Senior Notes are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbols BANC, BANC PRC and BOCA, respectively.

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The reports, proxy statements and other information that Banc of California, Inc. files with the SEC, as well as news releases, are available free of charge through the Company’s Internet site at http://www.bancofcal.com. This information can be found on the “News and Events” or “Investor relations” pages of our Internet site. Annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed and furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act are available as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been filed or furnished to the SEC. Reference to the Company’s Internet address is not intended to incorporate any of the information contained on our Internet site into this document.
Operating Segments
Our operations are managed based on the operating results of four reportable segments: Banking, Mortgage Banking, Financial Advisory and Asset Management and Corporate/Other. Our chief operating decision-makers use financial information from our four reportable segments to make operating and strategic decisions. For financial information about our reportable segments, see Note 22 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
Strategy
The Company is committed to building the top full-service bank serving California’s diverse private businesses, entrepreneurs, and homeowners, and investing in and growing complementary businesses that enhance stockholder value. Our overall strategy is comprised of specific growth and operating objectives. The key elements of that strategy are:
Growth Strategies
Build California’s Bank
Extend branch footprint throughout attractive markets in California.
Enhance suite of simple, fair products to meet needs of private businesses, entrepreneurs and homeowners, including Residential Lending, Commercial Real Estate Lending, Private Banking, Entertainment Banking, Small / Middle Market Lending, Commercial and Industrial Lending, Small Business Administration (SBA) Lending, and Multi-Family Lending.
The Company successfully completed two bank acquisitions in 2012, one bank acquisition in 2013 and the acquisition of Banco Popular's Southern California branch network in 2014, which included teams of local commercial lending officers which has given us a greater network and far greater capacity to attract commercial and private banking relationships. The Company will seek to continue to develop its commercial lending activities through strategic “lift outs” of lending teams in various geographic markets that have particular business “niches” and “specialties.”
The Company has successfully attracted and launched several new loan origination groups through acquisitions and the new hire process. These include the acquisitions of RenovationReady and CS Financial, as well as the hiring and launch of our Financial Institutions Group (which has product offerings such as securities-backed lines of credit, insurance backed lines of credit and financial advisor acquisition financing), our multi-family and commercial real estate lending teams, and equipment finance teams. We will seek to continue to diversify our lending capabilities through our hiring and acquisitions process.
Develop simple, fair deposit products: checking, certificates of deposit, business analysis and cash management.
Implement a robust Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) plan focused on integrating with and investing in our communities.
Invest in Complementary Financial Services Businesses
The Company seeks to invest in and grow mutually complementary financial services businesses either as part of its subsidiary bank or through other non-bank subsidiaries. In 2013, these efforts resulted in the acquisition of The Palisades Group (an asset management and investment advisory businesses focused on residential mortgage loans, which became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company).
Continue as a public company with a common stock that is quoted and traded on a national stock market. In addition to providing access to growth capital in a diversified approach, such as common or preferred stock and debt, we believe a “public currency” provides flexibility in structuring acquisitions and will allow us to attract and retain qualified management through equity-based compensation.

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Operating Strategies
Achieve appropriate scale and profitability for each line of business.
Execute our focused value proposition and marketing to become California’s Bank.
Enhance the Company’s risk management functions by proactively managing and implementing sound procedures and committing experienced human resources to this effort. We seek to (i) identify risks in all functions of our business, including credit, operations and asset and liability management, (ii) evaluate such risks and their trends and (iii) adopt strategies to manage such risks based upon our evaluations.
Maintain and improve asset quality through prudent loan underwriting standards and credit risk management practices.
Actively manage interest rate risk by closely matching the volume and maturity of our interest sensitive assets to our interest sensitive liabilities in order to mitigate adverse effects of rapid changes in interest rates on either side of our balance sheet.
Expand lending, to California’s private businesses, entrepreneurs and homeowners, which may generate deposits that are a lower cost and/or more stable funding source.
Align the interests of employees with those of stockholders by establishing the Employee Equity Ownership Plan to make every employee a stockholder, subject to vesting, as of their 90th day of employment.
Recent Transactions
Banco Popular's California Network Acquisition
Effective November 8, 2014, the Bank acquired 20 full-service branches from Banco Popular North America (BPNA Branch Acquisition) in the Southern California banking market. The purchase price, net of deposit premiums received of $3.9 million, was $24.0 million. The transaction added $1.07 billion in loans and $1.08 billion in deposits to the Bank.
The fair value of loans acquired from BPNA was estimated by utilizing a methodology wherein similar loans were aggregated into pools. Cash flows for each pool were determined by estimating future credit losses and the rate of prepayments. Projected monthly cash flows were then discounted to present value based on a market rate for similar loans. There was no carryover of BPNA's allowance for loan losses associated with the acquired loans as the loans were initially recorded at fair value.
Core deposit intangible assets of $15.8 million recognized as part of the BPNA Branch Acquisition was valued using a net cost savings method and was calculated as the present value of the estimated net cost savings attributable to the core deposit base over the expected remaining life of the deposits. The cost savings derived from the core deposit balance were calculated as the difference between the prevailing alternative cost of funds and the estimated actual cost of the core deposits. The core deposit intangible is being amortized over its estimated useful life of ten years using the sum of years-digits amortization methodology.
The fair value of savings and transaction deposit accounts acquired from BPNA was assumed to approximate the carrying value as these accounts have no stated maturity and are payable on demand. Certificates of deposit were valued by projecting out the expected cash flows based on the remaining contractual terms of the certificates of deposit. These cash flows were discounted based on market rates for certificates of deposit with corresponding remaining maturities.
Direct costs related to the BPNA Branch Acquisition were expensed as incurred and amounted to $4.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. These acquisition integration expenses included technology costs related to system conversion and professional fees.
Certain valuations related to acquired loans receivable, premises and equipment, and other intangible assets and assumed deposits are still under review by management and considered preliminary and could differ significantly when management's review is finalized.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
RenovationReady® Acquisition
Effective January 31, 2014, the Company acquired certain assets, including service contracts and intellectual property, of RenovationReady, a provider of specialized loan services to financial institutions and mortgage bankers that originate agency eligible residential renovation and construction loan products.

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The purchased identifiable intangible assets and assumed liabilities were recorded at their estimated fair values as of January 31, 2014. The Company recorded $2.2 million of goodwill and $761 thousand of other intangible assets. The other intangible assets are related to a customer relationship intangible.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
CS Financial Acquisition
Effective October 31, 2013, the Company acquired CS Financial, a California corporation and Southern California based mortgage banking firm controlled by former Company director and current Bank executive Jeffrey T. Seabold. As a result of the acquisition, CS Financial became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Bank. CS Financial specializes in higher balance residential mortgage loans that serve the Bank’s high net worth individual, entrepreneur and family office clients.
The purchased assets, including identifiable intangible assets and assumed liabilities were recorded at their estimated fair values as of October 31, 2013. The Company recorded $7.2 million of goodwill and $690 thousand of other intangible assets, which were related to the trade name intangible.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Notes 2 and 25 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
Branch Sales
Effective October 4, 2013, the Company completed the sale of eight branches to AmericanWest Bank, a Washington state chartered bank (AWB). The transaction provided for the transfer of $464.3 million in deposits and related assets to AWB in exchange for a deposit premium of 2.3 percent applied to certain deposit balances transferred. Certain other assets related to the branches included the real estate for three of the branch locations and certain overdraft and other credit facilities related to the deposit accounts. The branches were located in San Diego, Riverside and Los Angeles Counties. The purpose of the sale was to reshape the Bank’s branch network to focus on serving small-to-mid sized businesses and high net worth families throughout Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego counties. The Company recognized a gain of $12.6 million from this transaction, of which $12.1 million was recognized in 2013.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
The Palisades Group, LLC Acquisition
Effective September 10, 2013, the Company acquired The Palisades Group, a Delaware limited liability company and a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, for $50 thousand. The Palisades Group provides financial advisory and asset management services to third parties, including the Bank, with respect to the purchase, sale and management of residential mortgage loans.
The assets and liabilities were recorded at their estimated fair values as of the September 10, 2013 acquisition date. No goodwill was recognized.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Notes 2 and 25 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
The Private Bank of California Acquisition
Effective July 1, 2013, the Company completed its acquisition of The Private Bank of California (PBOC) pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of August 21, 2012, as amended (the Merger Agreement), by and between the Company, Beach Business Bank (Beach) (then a separate subsidiary bank of the Company) and PBOC. PBOC merged with and into Beach, with Beach continuing as the surviving entity in the merger and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and changing its name to “The Private Bank of California.” As noted above, on October 11, 2013, The Private Bank of California was merged with the Company’s other wholly owned banking subsidiary, Banc of California, National Association (formerly Pacific Trust Bank.)
Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company paid aggregate merger consideration of (1) 2,082,654 shares of Company common stock (valued at $28.3 million based on the $13.58 per share closing price of Company common stock on July 1, 2013), and (2) $25.3 million in cash. Additionally, the Company paid out $2.7 million for certain outstanding options to acquire PBOC common stock in accordance with the Merger Agreement and converted outstanding PBOC stock options to the Company’s stock options with an assumed fair value of approximately $30 thousand.

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In addition, upon completion of the acquisition, each share of preferred stock issued by PBOC as part of the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF) program of the United States Department of Treasury (10,000 shares in the aggregate with a liquidation preference amount of $1,000 per share) was converted automatically into one substantially identical share of preferred stock of the Company. The terms of the preferred stock issued by the Company in exchange for the PBOC preferred stock are substantially identical to the preferred stock previously issued by the Company as part of its own participation in the SBLF program (32,000 shares in aggregate with a liquidation preference amount of $1,000 per share).
PBOC provided a range of financial services, including credit and deposit products as well as cash management services, from its headquarters located in the Century City area of Los Angeles, California as well as full-service branches in Hollywood and Irvine, and a loan production office in downtown Los Angeles. PBOC’s target clients included high net worth and high income individuals, business professionals and their professional service firms, business owners, entertainment service businesses and non-profit organizations.
For additional information regarding this transaction, see Note 2 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
Lending Activities
General
The Company offers a number of commercial and consumer loan products, including commercial and industrial loans, commercial real estate loans, multi-family loans, SBA guaranteed business loans, construction and renovation loans, lease financing, single family residential (SFR) mortgage loans, warehouse loans, asset or security backed loans, home equity lines of credit (HELOCs), consumer and business lines of credit, home equity loans and other consumer loans.
Legal lending limits are calculated in conformance with OCC regulations, which prohibit a national bank from lending to any one individual or entity or its related interests on any amount that exceeds 15 percent of the bank’s capital and surplus, plus an additional 10 percent of the bank’s capital and surplus, if the amount that exceeds the bank’s 15 percent general limit is fully secured by readily marketable collateral. At December 31, 2014, the Bank’s authorized legal lending limits for loans to one borrower were $75.6 million for unsecured loans plus an additional $50.4 million for specific secured loans.
Governance
The Company conducts its lending activities under a system of risk governance controls. Key elements of our risk governance structure are our risk appetite framework and risk appetite statement. The risk appetite framework adopted by the Company and the Bank has been developed in conjunction with the Company’s strategic and capital plans. The strategic and capital plans articulate the Board-approved balance sheet and loan concentration targets and the appropriate level of capital to properly manage our risks.
The risk appetite framework provides the overall approach, including policies, processes, controls, and systems through which the risk appetite is established, communicated, and monitored. The risk appetite framework utilizes a risk assessment process to identify inherent risks across the Company, gauges the effectiveness of our internal controls, and establishes tolerances for residual risk in each of the regulatory risk categories: credit, market (interest rate and price risks), liquidity, operational, compliance, strategic, and reputational. Each risk category is assigned risk ratings with a target overall residual risk rating for the organization. The risk appetite framework includes a risk appetite statement, risk limits, and an outline of roles and responsibilities of those overseeing the implementation and monitoring of the framework. The risk appetite statement is an expression of the maximum level of risk that we are prepared to accept in order to achieve our business objectives. Defining, communicating, and monitoring risk appetite are fundamental to a safe and sound control environment and a risk-focused culture. The Board of Directors establishes the Company’s strategic objectives and approves the Company’s risk appetite statement, which is developed in collaboration with the chief executive officer, chief risk officer, general counsel, chief financial officer, and business unit leaders. The executive team translates the Board approved strategic objectives and the risk appetite statement into targets and constraints for business lines and legal entities to follow.
The risk appetite framework is supported by an enterprise risk management program. Enterprise risk management at the Company and Bank integrates all risk efforts under one common framework. Key elements of enterprise risk management that are intended to support prudent lending activities include:
Policies— The Bank's loan policy articulates the credit culture of our lending business and provides clarity around encouraged and discouraged lending activities. Additional policies cover key business segments of the portfolio, for example the Bank's Commercial Real Estate Policy, and other important aspects supporting the Bank's lending activities, for example policies relating to appraisals, risk ratings, fair lending, etc.

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Credit Approval Authorities— All material credit exposures of the Bank are approved by a credit risk management group that is independent of the business units. Above this threshold, credit approvals are made by the chief credit officer or an executive management credit committee of the Bank. The joint enterprise risk committee of the Company Board of Directors and the Bank Board of Directors reviews/approves material loan pool purchases/divestitures and any other transactions as appropriate.
Concentration Risk Management Policy—To mitigate and manage the risk within the Bank's loan portfolio, the Board of Directors of the Bank adopted a concentration risk management policy, pursuant to which it expects to review and revise concentration risk to tolerance thresholds at least annually and otherwise from time to time as appropriate. It is anticipated that these concentration risk to tolerance thresholds may change at any time when the Board of Directors is considering material strategic initiatives such as acquisitions, new product launches and terminations of products or other factors as the Board of Directors believes appropriate. The Company has developed procedures relating to the appropriate actions to be taken should management seek to increase the concentration guidelines or exceed the guideline maximum based on various factors. Concentration risk to tolerance thresholds are not meant to be restrictive limits, but are intended to aid management and the Board to ensure that the Bank’s loan concentrations are consistent with the Board’s risk appetite.
Stress Testing– The Bank has established developed a stress test policy and stress testing methodology as a tool to evaluate our loan portfolio, capital levels and strategic plan with the objective of ensuring that our loan portfolio and balance sheet concentrations are consistent with the Board approved risk appetite and strategic and capital plans.
Loan Portfolio Management— The Bank has an internal asset review committee that formally reviews the loan portfolio on a regular basis. Risk rating trends, loan portfolio performance, including delinquency status, and the resolution of problem assets are reviewed and evaluated.
Commercial Real Estate Loan Pricing, Multi-Family Loan Pricing and Residential Loan Pricing—Regular discussions occur between the areas of Treasury, Capital Markets, Credit and Risk Management and the business units with regard to the pricing of our loan products. These pricing committees meet to ensure that the Bank is pricing its products appropriately to meet our strategic and capital plans while ensuring an appropriate return for stockholders.
Commercial and Industrial Loans
Commercial and industrial loans are made to finance operations, provide working capital, or to finance the purchase of assets, equipment or inventory. A borrower’s cash flow from operations is generally the primary source of repayment. Accordingly, our policies provide specific guidelines regarding debt coverage and other important financial ratios. Commercial and industrial loans include lines of credit and commercial term loans. Lines of credit are extended to businesses or individuals based on the financial strength and integrity of the borrower and guarantor(s) and generally are collateralized by short-term assets such as accounts receivable, inventory, equipment or real estate and have a maturity of one year or less. Commercial term loans are typically made to finance the acquisition of fixed assets or refinance short-term debt originally used to purchase fixed assets. Commercial term loans generally have terms of one to five years. They may be collateralized by the asset being acquired or other available assets.
Commercial and industrial loans include short-term secured and unsecured business and commercial loans with maturities typically ranging up to 5 years (up to 10 years if a SBA loan), accounts receivable financing typically for 1-5 years (up to 10 years if a SBA loan), and equipment leases up to 6 years. The interest rates on these loans generally are adjustable and usually are indexed to The Wall Street Journal’s prime rate or LIBOR and will vary based on market conditions and be commensurate to the credit risk. Where it can be negotiated, loans are written with a floor rate of interest. Generally, lines of credit are granted for no more than a 12-month period.
Commercial and industrial loans, including accounts receivable and inventory financing, generally are made to businesses that have been in operation for at least 5 years (or less if a SBA loan), including start-ups. To qualify for such loans, prospective borrowers generally must have debt-to-net worth ratios not exceeding 3.75-to-1, operating cash flow sufficient to demonstrate the ability to pay obligations as they become due, and good payment histories as evidenced by credit reports. We attempt to control our risk by generally requiring loan-to-value (LTV) ratios of not more than 80 percent and by closely and regularly monitoring the amount and value of the collateral in order to maintain that ratio.
The Company’s commercial and industrial business lending policy includes credit file documentation and analysis of the borrower’s background, capacity to repay the loan, the adequacy of the borrower’s capital and collateral as well as an evaluation of other conditions affecting the borrower. Analysis of the borrower’s past, present and future cash flows is also an important aspect of our credit analysis. In order to mitigate the risk of borrower default, we generally require collateral to support the credit or, in the case of loans made to businesses, personal guarantees from their owners, or both. In addition, all

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such loans must have well-defined primary and secondary sources of repayment. Nonetheless, these loans are believed to carry higher credit risk than traditional single-family home loans.
Commercial and industrial loans are typically made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial and industrial loans may be substantially dependent on the success of the business itself (which, in turn, is often dependent in part upon general economic conditions). The Company’s commercial business loans are usually, but not always, secured by business assets. However, the collateral securing the loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based on the success of the business. See “Loans and Leases Receivables - Asset Quality” in Item 7.
Commercial and industrial loan growth also assists in the growth of our deposits because many commercial loan borrowers establish noninterest-bearing and interest-bearing demand deposit accounts and banking services relationships with us. Those deposit accounts help us to reduce our overall cost of funds and those banking services relationships provide us with a source of non-interest income.
At December 31, 2014, commercial and industrial loans totaled $490.9 million, or 12.4 percent of the total loans and leases, compared to $287.8 million, or 11.8 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. This increase was due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition as well as loan originations in 2014.
Commercial Real Estate Lending and Multi-Family Real Estate Lending
Commercial real estate and multi-family real estate loans are secured primarily by multi-family dwellings, industrial/warehouse buildings, anchored and non-anchored retail centers, office buildings and hospitality properties, on a limited basis, primarily located in the Company’s market area, and throughout the West Coast. At December 31, 2014, commercial real estate and multi-family real estate loans totaled $999.9 million, or 25.3 percent, and $955.7 million, or 24.2 percent, respectively, of the total loans and leases, as compared to $529.9 million, or 21.7 percent, and $141.6 million, or 5.8 percent, respectively, of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. This increase was due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition as well as loan originations in 2014.
The Company’s loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate are originated with either a fixed or adjustable interest rate. The interest rate on adjustable-rate loans is based on a variety of indices, generally determined through negotiation with the borrower. Loan-to-value ratios on these loans typically do not exceed 75 percent of the appraised value of the property securing the loan. These loans typically require monthly payments, may contain balloon payments and generally have maximum maturities of 30 years.
Loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate are underwritten based on the income producing potential of the property and the financial strength of the borrower/guarantor. The net operating income, which is the income derived from the operation of the property less all operating expenses, must be sufficient to cover the payments related to the outstanding debt. The Company generally requires an assignment of rents or leases in order to be assured that the cash flow from the project will be used to repay the debt. Appraisals on properties securing multi-family and commercial real estate loans are performed by independent state licensed fee appraisers approved by management. See “Loans and Leases Receivable - Loan and Lease Originations, Purchases, Sales and Repayments” in Item 7. The Company may require the borrower to maintain a tax or insurance escrow account for loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate. In order to monitor the adequacy of cash flows on income-producing properties, the borrower is generally required to provide periodic financial information.
Loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate properties generally involve a greater degree of credit risk than single family residential mortgage loans. These loans typically involve large balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers.
Because payments on loans secured by multi-family and commercial real estate properties are often dependent on the successful operation or management of the properties, repayment of these loans may be subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy. If the cash flow from the project is reduced, or if leases are not obtained or renewed, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. See “Loans and Leases Receivable - Asset Quality” in Item 7.

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Small Business Administration Loans
The Company provides numerous SBA loan products through the Bank. Beach Business Bank (which was acquired by the Company in 2012, re-named The Private Bank of California on July 1, 2013 and merged with and into the Bank on October 11, 2013) had approval to access the Preferred Lenders Program (PLP) within the SBA. After the October 11, 2013 subsidiary bank merger, the Bank received PLP status within the SBA effective as of February 3, 2014. The Bank’s PLP status generally gives it the authority to make the final credit decision and have most servicing and liquidation authority.
The Company provides the following SBA products:
7(a)—These loans provide the Bank with a guarantee from the SBA of the United States Government for up to 85 percent of the loan amount for loans up to $150,000 and 75 percent of the loan amount for loans of more than $150,000, with a maximum loan amount of $5 million. These are term loans that can be used for a variety of purposes including expansion, renovation, new construction, and equipment purchases. Depending on collateral, these loans can have terms ranging from 7 to 25 years. The guaranteed portion of these loans is often sold into the secondary market.
Cap Lines—In general, these lines are guaranteed up to 75 percent and are typically used for working capital purposes and secured by accounts receivable and/or inventory. These lines are generally allowed in amounts up to $5 million and can be issued with maturities of up to 5 years.
504 Loans—These are real estate loans in which the lender can advance up to 90 percent of the purchase price; retain 50 percent as a first trust deed; and, have a Certified Development Company (CDC) retain the 2nd position for 40 percent of the total cost. CDCs are licensed by the SBA. Required equity of the borrower is 10 percent. Terms of the first trust deed are typically similar to market rates for conventional real estate loans, while the CDC establishes rates and terms for the second trust deed loan.
SBA Express—These loans offer a 50 percent guaranty by the SBA and are made in amounts up to a maximum of $350,000 (although the SBA temporarily increased the maximum limit to $1 million on October 8, 2010 for a period of one year). These loans are typically revolving lines and have maturities of up to 7 years.
SBA lending is subject to federal legislation that can affect the availability and funding of the program. This dependence on legislative funding might cause future limitations and uncertainties with regard to the continued funding of such programs, which could potentially have an adverse financial impact on our business.
The Company’s portfolio of SBA loans is subject to certain risks, including, but not limited to: (i) the effects of economic downturns on the Southern California economy; (ii) interest rate increases; (iii) deterioration of the value of the underlying collateral; and (iv) deterioration of a borrower’s or guarantor's financial capabilities. We attempt to reduce the exposure of these risks through: (a) reviewing each loan request and renewal individually; (b) adhering to written loan policies; (c) adhering to SBA policies and regulations; (e) obtaining independent third party appraisals; and (f) obtaining external independent credit reviews. SBA loans normally require monthly installment payments of principal and interest and therefore are continually monitored for past due conditions. In general, the Company receives and reviews financial statements and other documents of borrowing customers on an ongoing basis during the term of the relationship and responds to any deterioration identified.
At December 31, 2014, SBA loans totaled $36.2 million, or 0.9 percent of the total loans and leases, compared to $27.4 million, or 1.1 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013.
Construction Lending
Our construction lending primarily relates to SFR properties. The Company may in the future originate or purchase loans or participations in construction, renovation and rehabilitation loans on residential, multi-family and/or commercial real estate properties. At December 31, 2014, construction loans totaled $42.2 million, or 1.1 percent of the total loans and leases compared to $24.9 million, or 1.0 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. This increase was due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition as well as loan originations in 2014.
Lease Financing
Commercial equipment leasing and financing was introduced as a product in the third quarter of 2012 to meet the needs of small and medium sized businesses for growth through investments in commercial equipment. The Company provides full payout capital leases and equipment finance agreements for essential use equipment to small and medium sized business nationally. The terms are 1 to 7 years in length and generally provide more flexibility to meet the equipment obsolescence needs of small and medium sized businesses than traditional business loans.

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Commercial equipment leases are secured by the business assets being financed. The Company also obtains a commercial guaranty of the business and generally a personal guaranty of the owner(s) of the business. At December 31, 2014, commercial equipment leases totaled $85.7 million, or 2.2 percent of the total loans and leases compared to $31.9 million, or 1.3 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. This increase was due mainly to lease originations and purchases in 2014.
Single Family Residential Mortgage Loans
The Company originates mortgage loans secured by a first deed of trust on single family residences throughout California and the United States.
The Company offers a variety of loan products catering to the specific needs of borrowers, including fixed rate and adjustable rate mortgages with either 30-year or 15-year terms. The Company offers conventional mortgages eligible for sale to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, government insured Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and Veteran Affairs (VA) mortgages, and non-conforming loans where the loan amount exceeds Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac limits, or the guidelines do not conform to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac guidelines.
The Company’s residential lending activity includes both a direct-to-consumer retail residential lending business and a wholesale and correspondent mortgage business. The Company has also purchased pools of seasoned SFR mortgage loans, primarily through The Palisades Group.
In the retail business, Company loan officers are located either in our call center in Irvine, Bank branches in San Diego, Orange, and Los Angeles Counties, or loan production offices throughout California and in Arizona, Oregon, Virginia, Indiana, Maryland, Colorado, Idaho, and Nevada, and originate mortgage loans directly to consumers. The wholesale mortgage business originates residential mortgage loans submitted to the Company by outside mortgage brokers for underwriting and funding. The correspondent mortgage business acquires residential mortgage loans originated by outside mortgage bankers. The Company does not originate loans defined as high cost by state or federal regulators.
A majority of residential mortgage loans originated by the Company are made to finance the purchase or the refinance of existing loans on owner-occupied homes with a smaller percentage used to finance non-owner occupied homes. A majority of the Company’s loan originations for the held for investment portfolio are collateralized by real properties located in Southern California; however the Bank originates loans held for sale collateralized by real properties located throughout the United States.
The Company generally underwrites SFR mortgage loans based on the applicant’s income and credit history and the appraised value of the subject property. Generally, the Company requires private mortgage insurance for conventional loans with a loan to value greater than 80 percent of the lesser of the appraised value or purchase price, and FHA insurance or a VA guaranty for government loans. Properties securing our SFR mortgage loans are appraised by independent fee appraisers approved by management. The Company requires borrowers to obtain title insurance, hazard insurance, and flood insurance, if necessary.
The Company currently originates SFR mortgage loans on either a fixed or an adjustable rate basis, as consumer demand and the Bank’s risk management dictates. The Company’s pricing strategy for SFR mortgage loans includes setting interest rates that are competitive with other local financial institutions and mortgage originators.
Adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) loans are offered with flexible initial and periodic repricing dates, ranging from one year to ten years through the life of the loan. The Company uses a variety of indices to reprice ARM loans. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company originated $1.50 billion of SFR ARM loans with terms up to 30 years.
The Company sells a majority of the SFR mortgage loans it originates to various investors in the secondary market and may not service these loans after sale of the loans. The Company generally retains the right to service adjustable rate mortgage loans held for investment, as well as conventional loans sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and FHA and VA loans issued in Ginnie Mae securities. The Company generally does not retain the right to service loans sold to private investors after sale of the loans. Loans sold to investors are subject to certain indemnification provisions, including the repurchase of loans sold and the repayment of sales proceeds to investors under certain conditions. In addition, if a customer defaults on a mortgage payment within the first few payments after the loan is sold, the Company may be required to repurchase the loan at the full amount and reimburse any premium paid by the purchaser.
The Company also purchases closed residential mortgage loans that meet the Bank's underwriting guidelines from other banks or mortgage bankers through its correspondent division. Purchased loans are underwritten by the Bank prior to purchase and contain representations and warranties from the seller concerning the accuracy of the credit file and compliance with regulations.

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At December 31, 2014, SFR mortgage loans totaled $1.17 billion, or 29.7 percent of the total loans and leases compared to $1.29 billion, or 52.6 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. Of the total SFR mortgage loans at December 31, 2014, $272.6 million, or 23.3 percent, were fixed rate, and $899.1 million, or 76.7 percent, were adjustable rate. Of the total SFR mortgage loans at December 31, 2013, $334.2 million, or 26.0 percent, were fixed rate, and $952.3 million, or 74.0 percent, were adjustable rate. The decrease in total SFR mortgage loans was mainly due to the Company’s sale of three seasoned SFR loan pools in 2014 with an aggregate carrying value of $82.6 million. The decrease in percentage to the total loans and leases was mainly due to the amount of commercial and industrial, commercial real estate, and multi-family loans acquired in the BPNA Branch Acquisition and the Company's strategy to grow and diversify the loan and lease portfolio. The Company also had $1.19 billion and $714.4 million of SFR mortgage loans held for sale at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Acquisitions of Seasoned SFR Mortgage Loan Pools. The acquisition program implemented and executed by the Company initially in 2012 and enhanced in 2013 with the acquisition of The Palisades Group involves a proprietary, multifaceted due diligence process. Prior to acquiring mortgage loans, the Company, its affiliates, sub-advisors or due diligence partners typically will review the loan portfolio and conduct certain due diligence on a loan by loan basis, preparing a customized version of its diligence plan for each mortgage loan pool being reviewed that is designed to address certain identified pool specific risks. The diligence plan generally reviews several factors, including but not limited to, obtaining and reconciling property value, reviewing chain of titles, reviewing assignments, confirming lien position, reviewing regulatory compliance, updating borrower credit, certifying collateral, reviewing modification agreements and reviewing servicing notes. In certain transactions, a portion of the diligence may be provided by the seller. In those instances, the Company reviews the mortgage loan portfolio to confirm the accuracy of the provided diligence information and supplements as appropriate.
In addition, market conditions, regional mortgage loan information and local trends in home values, coupled with market knowledge, are used by the Company in calculating the appropriate additional risk discount to compensate for potential property declines, foreclosures, defaults or other risks associated with the mortgage loan portfolio to be acquired. Typically, the Company may enter into one or more agreements with affiliates or third parties to perform certain of these due diligence tasks with respect to acquiring potential mortgage loans.
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company did not acquire any additional seasoned SFR mortgage loan pools.
During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company completed five seasoned SFR mortgage loan pool acquisitions with unpaid principal balances and fair values of $1.02 billion and $849.9 million at their respective acquisition dates. These loan pools generally consist of seasoned re-performing residential mortgage loans whose characteristics and payment history were consistent with borrowers that demonstrated a willingness and ability to remain in the residence pursuant to the current terms of the mortgage loan agreement. The Company was able to acquire these loans at a significant discount to both current property value at acquisition and note balance. At December 31, 2014, the unpaid principal balance and carrying value of these loans were $640.2 million and $571.0 million, respectively. The Company determined that certain loans in these seasoned SFR mortgage loan acquisitions reflected credit quality deterioration since origination and it was probable, at acquisition, that all contractually required payments would not be collected. The unpaid principal balances and fair values of these loans at the respective dates of acquisition were $473.9 million and $342.1 million, respectively. At December 31, 2014, the unpaid principal balance and carrying value of these loans were $245.7 million and $206.4 million, respectively.
At December 31, 2014 and 2013, approximately 3.46 percent and 5.63 percent of the unpaid principal balance of these loans were delinquent 60 or more days, respectively, and 0.76 percent and 1.37 percent were in bankruptcy or foreclosure, respectively. Delinquencies on seasoned SFR loan pools decreased mainly due to sales of portions of these loans.
For each acquisition the Company was able to utilize its background in mortgage credit analysis to re-underwrite the borrower’s credit to arrive at what it believes to be an attractive risk adjusted return for a highly collateralized investment in performing mortgage loans. In aggregate, the purchase price of the loans was less than 62 percent of current property value at the time of acquisition based on a third party broker price opinion, and less than 83 percent of the note balance at the time of acquisition. At the time of acquisition, approximately 86 percent of the mortgage loans by current principal balance (excluding any forbearance amounts) had the original terms modified at some point since origination by a prior owner or servicer. The mortgage loans had a current weighted average interest rate of 4.39 percent, determined by current principal balance. The weighted average credit score of the borrowers comprising the mortgage loans at or near the time of acquisition determined by current principal balance and excluding those with no credit score on file was 655. The average property value determined by a broker price opinion by third party licensed real estate professionals at or around the time of acquisition was $292 thousand. Approximately 89.6 percent of the borrowers by current principal balance had made at least 12 monthly payments in the 12 months preceding the trade date (or, in some cases calculated as making 11 monthly payments in the 11 months preceding the trade date), and 94 percent had made nine monthly payments in the nine months preceding the trade date. The mortgage loans are secured by residences located in all 50 states and Washington DC, with California being the largest state concentration

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representing 31.0 percent of the note balance, and with no other state concentration exceeding 10.0 percent based upon the current note balance.
As part of the acquisition program, the Company may sell from time to time seasoned SFR mortgage loans that do not meet the Company’s investment standards. During 2014, the Company sold seasoned SFR mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $119.8 million and a carrying value of $82.6 million. During 2013, the Company sold seasoned SFR mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $176.6 million and a carrying value of $113.0 million. The Company recorded a net gain on sale of $8.6 million and $3.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, from these sales.
Non-Traditional Mortgage Loans. The Bank's non-traditional mortgage portfolio (NTM) is comprised of three interest only products: the Green Account Loans (Green Loans), the hybrid interest only adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) and negatively amortizing ARM loans. As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, the non-traditional mortgages totaled $350.6 million or 8.9 percent and $309.6 million or 12.7 percent of the total loans and leases, respectively, which was an increase of $41.0 million or 13.2 percent.
The initial credit guidelines for the NTM portfolio were established based on borrower Fair Isaac Company (FICO) score, loan-to-value, property type, occupancy type, loan amount, and geography. Additionally from an ongoing credit risk management perspective, the Bank has assessed that the most significant performance indicators for NTMs to be loan-to-value and FICO scores. On a semi-annual basis, the Bank performs loan reviews of the NTM loan portfolio that includes refreshing FICO scores on the Green Loans and HELOCs and ordering third party automated valuation models (AVM) to confirm collateral value.
Green Account Loans
Green Loans are SFR mortgage lines of credit with a linked checking account that allows all types of deposits and withdrawals to be performed. The loans are generally interest only with a 15-year balloon payment due at maturity. Transactions posted to the checking account are cleared on a daily basis against the loan, effectively bringing the checking account balance to zero on a daily basis. If the outstanding balance of the loan is paid down to a zero balance, excess funds remain in the linked checking account. Subsequent debit activity will use these funds before the line of credit is accessed. Although we ceased originating Green Loan accounts in 2011, existing Green Loan borrowers who continue to meet the Green Loan credit and property value requirements are entitled to continue to draw on their Green Loans. At December 31, 2014 the balance of Green Loans in our portfolio was $128.2 million, a decrease of $24.8 million from $153.0 million at December 31, 2013.
The finance charge is calculated based on the current interest rate and daily outstanding principal balance. On the payment due date, depending on availability on the line of credit, the payment may be paid by an advance to the loan resulting in the borrower not making a payment. Borrowers who choose to make a payment do so by making a deposit into the linked checking account that is applied to the loan in a daily sweep.
The Green Loans are similar to HELOCs in that they are collateralized primarily by the equity in single family residential mortgage loans. However, some Green Loans are subject to differences from HELOCs relating to certain characteristics including one-action laws. Similar to Green Loans, HELOCs allow the borrower to draw down on the credit line based on an established loan amount for a period of time, typically 10 years, requiring an interest only payment with an option to pay principal at any time. A typical HELOC provides that at the end of the term the borrower can continue to make monthly principal and interest payments based on the loan balance until the maturity date. The Green Loan is an interest only loan with a maturity of 15 years at which time the loan comes due and payable with a balloon payment. The unique payment structure also differs from a traditional HELOC in that payments are made through the direct linkage of a personal checking account to the loan through a nightly sweep of funds into the Green Loan account. This reduces any outstanding balance on the loan by the total amount deposited into the checking account. As a result, every time a deposit is made, effectively a payment to the Green Loan is made. HELOCs typically do not cause the loan to be paid down by a borrower's depositing of funds into their checking account at the same bank.
Credit guidelines for Green Loans were established based on borrower FICO scores, property type, occupancy type, loan amount, and geography. Property types include single family residences and second trust deeds where the Company owned the first liens, owner occupied as well as non-owner occupied properties. The Company utilized its underwriting guidelines for first liens to underwrite the Green Loan secured by second trust deeds as if the combined loans were a single Green Loan.
For SFR properties, the loan sizes ranged up to $7.0 million. As loan size increased, the maximum LTV decreases from 80 percent to 60 percent. Maximum LTVs were adjusted by 5-10 percent for specified property types such as condos. FICOs were based on the primary wage earners’ mid FICO score and the lower of two mid FICO scores for full and alternative

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documentation, respectively. Seventy-six percent of the FICO scores exceeded 700 at the time of origination. Loans greater than $1 million were subject to a second appraisal or third party appraisal review at origination.
Interest Only Mortgage Loans
Interest only mortgage loans are primarily single family residential first mortgage loans with payment features that allow interest only payments during the first one, three, or five years during which time the interest rate is fixed before converting to fully amortizing payments. Following the expiration of the fixed interest rate, the interest rate and payment begins to adjust on an annual basis, with fully amortizing payments that include principal and interest calculated over the remaining term of the loan. The loan can be secured by owner or non-owner occupied properties that include single family units and second homes. As of December 31, 2014, our interest only loans increased by $69.3 million, or 49.5 percent, to $209.3 million from $140.0 million at December 31, 2013. The increase was mainly due to originations in 2014.
Loans with the Potential for Negative Amortization
Negative amortization loans decreased by $3.5 million, or 21.2 percent, to $13.1 million as of December 31, 2014 from $16.6 million as of December 31, 2013. The Bank discontinued origination of negative amortization loans in 2007. These loans pose a potentially higher credit risk because of the lack of principal amortization and potential for negative amortization; however, management believes the risk is mitigated through the loan terms and underwriting standards, including the Company’s policies on loan-to-value ratios.
Other Consumer Loans (HELOCs, Home Equity Loans and Other Consumer Credit)
The Company offers a variety of secured consumer loans, including second deed of trust home equity loans and home equity lines of credit and loans secured by savings deposits. The Company also offers a limited amount of unsecured loans. The Company originates consumer and other real estate loans primarily in its market area. Consumer loans generally have shorter terms to maturity or variable interest rates, which reduce our exposure to changes in interest rates, and carry higher rates of interest than do conventional SFR mortgage loans. Management believes that offering consumer loan products helps to expand and create stronger ties to the Company’s existing customer base by increasing the number of customer relationships and providing cross-marketing opportunities.
Other home equity lines of credit have a 7 or 10 year draw period and require the payment of 1.0 percent or 1.5 percent of the outstanding loan balance per month (depending on the terms) or interest only payment during the draw period. Following receipt of payments, the available credit includes amounts repaid up to the credit limit. Home equity lines of credit with a 10 year draw period have a balloon payment due at the end of the draw period or then fully amortizing for the remaining term. For loans with shorter term draw periods, once the draw period has lapsed, generally the payment is fixed based on the loan balance and prevailing market interest rates at that time.
The Company proactively monitors changes in the market value of all home loans contained in its portfolio. The Company’s credit risk management policy requires the purchase of independent, third party valuations of every property in its residential loan portfolio twice during the year. The most recent valuations were completed in December 2014. The Company has the right to adjust, and has adjusted, existing lines of credit to address current market conditions subject to the terms of the loan agreement and covenants. At December 31, 2014, unfunded commitments totaled $93.9 million on other consumer lines of credit. Other consumer loan terms vary according to the type of collateral, length of contract and creditworthiness of the borrower.
At December 31, 2014, other consumer loans totaled $166.9 million, or 4.2 percent of the total loans and leases compared to $116.0 million, or 4.7 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013.
Off-Balance Sheet Commitments
As part of its service to the Bank’s customers, the Bank from time to time issues formal commitments and lines of credit. These commitments can be either secured or unsecured. They may be in the form of revolving lines of credit for seasonal working capital needs or may take the form of commercial letters of credit or standby letters of credit. Commercial letters of credit facilitate import trade. Standby letters of credit are conditional commitments issued by the Bank to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party.


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Loan and Lease Servicing
During 2013, single family residential mortgage loans held in the portfolio were serviced in house, pursuant to secondary market guidelines. In 2014, the Bank contracted with a nationally known sub-servicer to service these loans. Generally, when a borrower fails to make a payment on a mortgage loan, a late charge notice is mailed approximately 16 days after the due date. All delinquent accounts are reviewed by a collector, who attempts to cure the delinquency by contacting the borrower prior to the loan becoming 30 days past due. If the loan becomes 60 days delinquent, the collector will generally contact the borrower by phone, send a personal letter and/or engage a field service company to visit the property in order to identify the reason for the delinquency. Once the loan becomes 90 days delinquent, contact with the borrower is made requesting payment of the delinquent amount in full, or the establishment of an acceptable repayment plan to bring the loan current. If an acceptable repayment plan has not been agreed upon and a drive-by inspection is made, a collection officer will generally initiate foreclosure or refer the account to the Company’s credit counsel to initiate foreclosure proceedings.
For SBA, construction, lease financing and consumer loans a similar process is followed, with the initial written contact being made once the loan is 10 days past due with a follow-up notice at 16 days past due. Follow-up contacts are generally on an accelerated basis compared to the SFR mortgage loan procedure.
Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses
The allowance for loan and lease losses (ALLL) represents management’s best estimate of the probable losses inherent in the existing loan and lease portfolio. The ALLL is increased by the provision for loan losses charged to expense and reduced by loan and lease charge-offs, net of recoveries.
Management evaluates the Company’s ALLL on a quarterly basis, or more often if needed. Management believes the ALLL is a “critical accounting estimation” because it is based upon the assessment of various quantitative and qualitative factors affecting the collectability of loans and leases, including current economic conditions, past credit experience, delinquency status, the value of the underlying collateral, if any, and a continuing review of the portfolio of loans and leases.
The allowance consists of three elements: (i) specific valuation allowances established for probable losses on impaired loans and leases, (ii) quantitative valuation allowances calculated using loss experience for like loans and leases with similar characteristics and trends, adjusted, as necessary to reflect the impact of current conditions; and (iii) qualitative allowances based on environmental and other factors that may be internal or external to the Company.
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company enhanced the current methodologies, processes and controls over the ALLL, due to the Company's organic and acquisitive growth and changing profile.
The following is a synopsis of the enhancements for each component of ALLL:
Expand the look-back period to 28 rolling quarters to capture a full economic cycle.
Utilize net historical losses versus gross historical losses.
Expand the peer group used to determine industry average loss history to include three industry groups; 1) all U.S. financial and bank holding companies, 2) all California financial and bank holding companies, 3) the peer group average from the Uniform Bank Performance Report.
Apply a segment specific loss emergence period to each segment's loss rate.
Determine qualitative reserves is calculated at each loan segment level based on a baseline risk weighting adjusted for current risks, trends and business conditions.
Disaggregate certain qualitative factors to be determined on the portfolio segment level.
These enhancements resulted in an increase of $264 thousand in the ALLL as compared to what it would have been using the old methodology at December 31, 2014.
A loan or lease is considered impaired when it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the original contractual terms of the agreement. Impaired loans and leases are identified at each reporting date based on certain criteria and the majority of which are individually reviewed for impairment. Nonaccrual loans and leases and all performing restructured loans are reviewed individually for the amount of impairment, if any. We measure impairment of a loan based upon the fair value of the loan’s collateral if the loan is collateral-dependent, or the present value of cash flows, discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, if the loan is not collateral-dependent. We measure impairment of a lease based upon the present value of the scheduled lease and residual cash flows, discounted at the lease’s effective interest rate. Increased charge-offs or additions to specific reserves generally result in increased provisions for credit losses.

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Our loan and lease portfolio, excluding impaired loans and leases that are evaluated individually, is evaluated by segmentation. The segmentations we currently evaluate are:
Commercial and industrial
Commercial real estate
Construction
SBA
Leases
Single family residence — 1st deeds of trust
Single family residence — 2nd deeds of trust
Other consumer
Within these loan segments, we then evaluate loans and leases not adversely classified, which we refer to as “pass” credits, separately from adversely classified loans and leases. The adversely classified loans and leases are further grouped into three credit risk rating categories: “special mention,” “substandard,” and “doubtful.” See “Loans and Leases Receivable - Asset Quality” in Item 7.
In addition, we may refer to the loans and leases classified as “substandard” and “doubtful” together as “classified” loans and leases.
Although management believes the level of the ALLL as of December 31, 2014 was adequate to absorb probable losses in the portfolio, declines in economies of the Company’s primary markets or other factors could result in losses that cannot be reasonably predicted at this time.
Although we have established an ALLL that we consider appropriate, there can be no assurance that the established ALLL will be sufficient to offset losses on loans and leases in the future. Management also believes that the reserve for unfunded loan commitments is appropriate. In making this determination, we use the same methodology for the reserve for unfunded loan commitments as we do for the allowance for loan and lease losses and consider the same quantitative and qualitative factors, as well as an estimate of the probability of advances of the commitments correlated to their credit risk rating.
At December 31, 2014, our total ALLL was $29.5 million or 0.75 percent of the total loans and leases, as compared to $18.8 million, or 0.77 percent of the total loans and leases at December 31, 2013. The ALLL that was collectively evaluated for impairment on originated loans and leases at December 31, 2014 was $25.3 million, which represented 1.34 percent of total originated loans and leases, as compared to $17.1 million, or 1.46 percent, of total originated loans and leases at December 31, 2013. Including the non-credit impaired loans acquired through the acquisitions, the ALLL that was collectively evaluated for impairment was $28.2 million, which represents 0.85 percent of total of such loans and leases, as compared to $18.5 million, or 1.13 percent, or total of such loans and leases. The ALLL that was individually evaluated for impairment was $1.3 million at December 31, 2014 compared to $96 thousand at December 31, 2013. An unallocated ALLL of $0 and $450 thousand was held at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Assessing the ALLL is inherently subjective as it requires making material estimates, including the amount and timing of future cash flows expected to be received on impaired loans and leases that may be susceptible to significant change. In the opinion of management, the allowance, when taken as a whole, reflects estimated probable losses presently inherent in our loan and lease portfolios.
Private Banking
The Bank offers loans, deposits, and a full range of other banking services to high net worth individuals and entrepreneurs including its full suite of credit products discussed above. Private banking loans include working capital lines of credit to balance the borrower’s business cash flow cycle, loans to finance capital investments or equipment, commercial or residential real estate loans, or unsecured personal loans, customized to fit the needs of the individual or business borrower, based upon the relationship with the customer and the net worth of the customer.

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The Financial Institutions Group
The Company offers loans, deposits and a full range of other banking services to financial institutions, which include registered investment advisors, broker dealers, family offices, hedge funds, private equity funds and other financial services companies. The Financial Institution Group offers lending products, which include securities backed lines of credit, insurance backed lines of credit, alternative asset lines of credit, advisor acquisition finance and leveraged lending to hedge funds and private equity funds. The Financial Institutions Group also provides tailored deposit solutions to the aforementioned financial institutions.
Investment Activities
The general objectives of our investment portfolio are to provide liquidity when loan and lease demand is high, to assist in maintaining earnings when loan and lease demand is low and to maximize earnings while satisfactorily managing risk, including credit risk, reinvestment risk, liquidity risk and interest rate risk. For additional information, see Item 7A.
The Company currently invests in mortgage-backed securities (MBS) as part of our asset/liability management strategy. Management believes that MBS can represent attractive investment alternatives relative to other investments due to the wide variety of maturity and repayment options available through such investments. In particular, the Company has concluded that short and intermediate duration MBS (with an expected average life of less than ten years) represent a combination of rate and duration that match the Company’s liquidity and risk profile goals. All of the Company’s negotiable securities, including MBS, are held as “available for sale.”
Sources of Funds
General
The Company’s primary sources of funds are deposits, payments on and maturities of outstanding loans and leases and investment securities, and other short-term investments and funds provided from operations. While scheduled payments from the amortization of loans and leases and mortgage-backed securities and maturing securities and short-term investments are relatively predictable sources of funds, deposit flows and loan and lease prepayments are greatly influenced by general interest rates, economic conditions, and competition. In addition, the Company invests excess funds in short-term interest-earning assets, which provide liquidity to meet lending requirements. The Company also generates cash through borrowings. The Company utilizes Federal Home Loan Bank advances to leverage its capital base, to provide funds for its lending activities, as a source of liquidity, and to enhance its interest rate risk management.
Deposits
The Bank offers a variety of deposit accounts to both consumers and businesses having a wide range of interest rates and terms. The Bank's deposits consist of savings accounts, money market deposit accounts, interest and non-interest bearing demand accounts, and certificates of deposit. The Bank solicits deposits primarily in our market area and from institutional investors.
During 2012, we introduced the “One Account” and the “Preferred Account,” in order to grow a stable, high quality, core deposit base, and reduce our reliance on brokered deposits, resulting in a lower cost and more stable funding base. Core deposits, which we define as noninterest-bearing deposits, interest-bearing demand deposits, money market, savings and certificates of deposit under $100,000, excluding any brokered deposits, grew $999.7 million during 2014 and totaled $3.48 billion at December 31, 2014 and represented 74.4 percent of total deposits. Our One Account is designed to attract and serve individuals who may not need our loan products or otherwise be familiar with our Bank. We believe our service encourages them to build a full relationship with us, including lending relationships. Our Preferred Account serves customers who use the Bank as one of their primary banking relationships. Our relationship managers have successfully learned how to offer full deposit products to their loan clients and build long-term, deep relationships. Our business banking is also a key source of core deposits and, more recently, we have begun to attract core deposits from our private banking clients as well.
The Bank held brokered deposits of $763.0 million, or 16.3 percent of total deposits, at December 31, 2014. The Company primarily relies on competitive pricing policies, marketing and customer service to attract and retain deposits.
The flow of deposits is influenced significantly by general economic conditions, changes in money market and prevailing interest rates and competition. The variety of deposit accounts the Bank offers has allowed the Bank to be competitive in obtaining funds and to respond with flexibility to changes in consumer demand. The Bank tries to manage the pricing of our deposits in keeping with our asset/liability management, liquidity and profitability objectives, subject to market competitive factors. Based on our experience, the Bank believes that our deposits are relatively stable sources of funds. Despite this stability, the Bank's ability to attract and maintain these deposits and the rates paid on them has been and will continue to be significantly affected by market conditions.

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Borrowings
Although deposits are our primary source of funds, the Bank may utilize borrowings when they are a less costly source of funds and can be invested at a positive interest rate spread, when the Bank desires additional capacity to fund loan and lease demand or when they meet our asset/liability management goals to diversify our funding sources and enhance our interest rate risk management. The Bank’s borrowings historically have included advances to the Bank from the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco (FHLB). The Bank also has the ability to borrow from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (Federal Reserve Bank), as well as through Federal Funds and reverse repurchase agreements. In addition, the Company has borrowed through the issuance of its Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes. See Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
The Bank may obtain advances from the FHLB by collateralizing the advances with certain of the Bank’s mortgage loans and mortgage-backed and other securities. These advances may be made pursuant to several different credit programs, each of which has its own interest rate, range of maturities and call features. At December 31, 2014, the Bank had $633.0 million in FHLB advances outstanding and the ability to borrow an additional $501.3 million. The Bank also had the ability to borrow $102.3 million from the Federal Reserve Bank as of that date. See Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 for additional information regarding FHLB advances. All outstanding FHLB borrowings are expected to mature in 2015.
Competition and Market Area
The Company faces strong competition in originating real estate and other loans and in attracting deposits. Competition in originating real estate loans comes primarily from other commercial banks, savings institutions, credit unions and mortgage bankers. Other commercial banks, savings institutions, credit unions and finance companies provide vigorous competition in consumer lending.
The Company attracts deposits through the retail branch network, its loan productions offices, banking teams located in corporate offices, through its Treasury function, and through the internet. One of the ways the Company has been able to be competitive in this area is through its retail branch network. A greater understanding for the needs of the client is uncovered through certain sales processes utilized by the branch network. Consequently, the branches have the ability to service those needs with a variety of deposit accounts at competitive rates. Competition for deposits is principally from other commercial banks, savings institutions, and credit unions, as well as mutual funds and other alternative investments. On November 8, 2014, the Company acquired 20 full-service branches from BPNA in the Southern California banking market. Based on the most recent branch deposit data as of June 30, 2014 provided by the FDIC, the share of deposits for the Bank in Los Angeles, Orange, and San Diego counties was as follows:
 
As of
 
June 30, 2014
Los Angeles County
0.46
%
Orange County
1.67
%
San Diego County
0.79
%
Employees
At December 31, 2014, we had a total of 1,438 full-time employees and 32 part-time employees. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining group. Management considers its employee relations to be satisfactory.
Regulation and Supervision
General
The Company and the Bank are extensively regulated under federal laws.
As a financial holding company, the Company is subject to the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, and its primary regulator is the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. As a national bank, the Bank is subject to regulation primarily by the OCC. In addition, the Bank is also subject to backup regulation from the FDIC.

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Regulation and supervision by the federal banking agencies are intended primarily for the protection of customers and depositors and the Deposit Insurance Fund administered by the FDIC and not for the benefit of stockholders. Set forth below is a brief description of material information regarding certain laws and regulations that are applicable to the Company and the Bank. This description, as well as other descriptions of laws and regulations in this Form 10-K, is not complete and qualified in its entirety by reference to applicable laws and regulations.
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act) enacted on July 1, 2010 is one of the most significant pieces of financial legislation since the 1930s.
The Dodd-Frank Act requires that bank holding companies, such as the Company, act as a source of financial and managerial strength for their insured depository institution subsidiaries, such as the Bank, particularly when such subsidiaries are in financial distress. The FDIC has the authority to hold a bank liable for losses it incurs in connection with another commonly controlled bank.
The FRB has extensive enforcement authority over the Company and the OCC has extensive enforcement authority over the Bank under federal law. Enforcement authority generally includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease-and-desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely filing of reports. Except under certain circumstances, public disclosure of formal enforcement actions by the FRB and the OCC is required by law.
The Dodd-Frank Act made other significant changes to the regulation of bank holding companies and their subsidiary banks, which includes the regulation of the Company and the Bank, and other significant changes will continue to occur as rules are promulgated under the Dodd-Frank Act. These regulatory changes have had and will continue to have a material effect on the business and results of the Company and the Bank. The Dodd-Frank Act created the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), with the authority to promulgate regulations intended to protect consumers with respect to financial products and services, including those provided by the Bank, and to restrict unfair, deceptive or abusive conduct by providers of consumer financial products and services. The CFPB has issued rules under the Dodd-Frank Act affecting the Bank’s residential mortgage lending business, including ability-to-repay and qualified mortgage standards, mortgage servicing standards, loan originator compensation standards, high-cost mortgage requirements, appraisal and escrow standards and requirements for higher-priced mortgages. The activities of the Bank are also subject to regulation under numerous federal laws and state consumer protection statutes.
In addition to the Dodd-Frank Act, other legislative and regulatory proposals affecting banks have been made both domestically and internationally. Among other things, these proposals include significant additional capital and liquidity requirements and limitations on size or types of activity in which banks may engage.
Legislation is introduced from time to time in the United States Congress that may affect our operations. In addition, the regulations governing us may be amended from time to time. Any legislative or regulatory changes in the future, including those resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act, could adversely affect our operations and financial condition.
The Company
The Company became a financial holding company effective January 17, 2014. As a bank holding company that has elected to become a financial holding company pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act (BHCA), the Company may engage in activities permitted for bank holding companies and may affiliate with securities firms and insurance companies and engage in other activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature. “Financial in nature” activities include securities underwriting, dealing and market making; sponsoring mutual funds and investment companies; insurance underwriting and agency; and merchant banking. See “Volcker Rule” below.
The Company is required to register and file reports with, and is subject to regulation and examination by the FRB. The FRB’s approval is required for acquisition of another financial institution or holding company thereof, and, under certain circumstances, for the acquisition of other subsidiaries.
As a bank holding company, the Company is subject to the regulations of the FRB imposing capital requirements for a bank holding company, which, under regulations in effect through December 31, 2014, establishes a capital framework based on Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital generally the same as Tier 1 and a Tier 2 capital for the Bank, as described below. For bank holding companies, generally the minimum capital ratios (all on a consolidated basis) consist of a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4 percent, a total risk-based capital ratio of 8 percent and a leverage ratio of 4 percent. On an individual basis, the FRB can

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impose higher ratios on a bank holding company. To be considered well-capitalized, a bank holding company must have a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 6 percent and a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 10 percent, and must not be subject to a written agreement, order or directive to maintain a specific capital measure. As of December 31, 2014, the Company was considered well-capitalized, with capital ratios in excess of those required to qualify as such. For information on changes to the capital regulations effective January 1, 2015, see "New Capital Requirements" below.
Under the FRB’s policy statement on the payment of cash dividends, a bank holding company should pay cash dividends only to the extent that its net income for the past year is sufficient to cover both the cash dividends and a rate of earnings retention that is consistent with the Company’s capital needs, asset quality, and overall financial condition. A bank holding company must give the FRB prior notice of any purchase or redemption of its equity securities if the consideration for the purchase or redemption, when combined with the consideration for all such purchases or redemptions in the preceding 12 months, is equal to 10 percent or more of its consolidated net worth. The FRB may disapprove such a purchase or redemption if it determines that the proposal would be an unsafe or unsound practice or would violate any law, regulation, FRB order, or condition imposed in writing by the FRB. This notification requirement does not apply to a bank holding company that qualifies as well capitalized, received a composite rating and a rating for management of “1” or “2” in its last examination and is not subject to any unresolved supervisory issue. Regarding dividends, see "New Capital Requirements" below.
The Bank
The Bank is subject to a variety of requirements under federal law.
The Bank is required to maintain sufficient liquidity to ensure safe and sound operations. See "Liquidity" in Item 7.
The OCC has adopted guidelines establishing safety and soundness standards on such matters as loan and lease underwriting and documentation, asset quality, earnings standards, internal controls and audit systems, interest rate risk exposure, and compensation and other employee benefits. Any institution which fails to comply with these standards must submit a compliance plan.
The FRB requires all depository institutions to maintain non-interest bearing reserves at specified levels against their transaction accounts, primarily checking, NOW and Super NOW checking accounts. At December 31, 2014, Bank was in compliance with these reserve requirements.
FDIC Insurance
The deposits of the Bank are insured up to the applicable limits by the FDIC, and such insurance is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The basic deposit insurance limit is generally $250,000 as specified in FDIC regulations.
As insurer, the FDIC imposes deposit insurance premiums and is authorized to conduct examinations of and to require reporting by FDIC-insured institutions. The Bank’s deposit insurance premiums for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $2.9 million. FDIC-insured institutions are required to pay an additional quarterly assessment called the FICO assessment in order to fund the interest on bonds issued to resolve thrift failures in the 1980s. This assessment will continue until the bonds mature in the years 2017 through 2019. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, the Bank paid $219 thousand in FICO assessments.
The FDIC assesses deposit insurance premiums quarterly on each FDIC-insured institution based on annualized rates. Each institution under $10 billion in assets is assigned to one of four risk categories based on its capital, supervisory ratings and other factors, with higher risk institutions paying higher premiums. Its deposit insurance premiums are based on the rates applicable to its risk category, subject to certain adjustments, and as required by the Dodd-Frank Act, are assessed on the amount of an institution’s total assets minus its Tier 1 capital.
Capital Requirements
The Bank is required to maintain specified levels of regulatory capital under the capital and prompt corrective action regulations of the OCC. Through December 31, 2014, to be adequately capitalized, an institution must have had a leverage ratio of at least 4.0 percent, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 4.0 percent and a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 8.0 percent. Through December 31, 2014, to be well-capitalized, an institution must have had a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 5.0 percent, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 6.0 percent and total risk-based capital ratio of at least 10.0 percent. Institutions that are not well-capitalized are subject to certain restrictions on brokered deposits and interest rates on deposits.
The term "leverage ratio" means the ratio of Tier 1 capital to adjusted total leverage assets. The term "Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio" means the ratio of Tier 1 capital to total risk-weighted assets. The term "total risk-based capital ratio" means the ratio of total capital to total risk-weighted assets. Tier 1 capital generally consists of common stockholders’ equity and retained earnings

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and certain noncumulative perpetual preferred stock and related earnings, excluding most intangible assets. Total capital consists of the sum of an institution’s Tier 1 capital and the amount of its Tier 2 capital up to the amount of its Tier 1 capital. Tier 2 capital consists generally of certain permanent and maturing capital instruments, the amount of the institution’s allowance for loan and lease losses up to 1.25 percent of risk-weighted assets and certain unrealized gains on equity securities. Adjusted total leverage assets consist of total assets as specified for call report purposes, less such certain items as disallowed servicing assets and accumulated gains/losses on available-for-sale securities. Risk-weighted assets are determined under the capital regulations, which assign to every asset and off-balance sheet item a risk weight generally ranging from 0 percent to 100 percent based on the inherent risk of the asset. At December 31, 2014, the regulatory capital ratios of the Bank exceeded the ratios required to qualify as well-capitalized. See “Regulatory Capital” in Item 7.
The OCC has the ability to establish an individual minimum capital requirement for a particular institution, based on its circumstances, which varies from the capital levels that would otherwise be required. The OCC has not imposed any such requirement on the Bank.
The OCC is authorized and, under certain circumstances, required to take certain actions against an institution that is less than adequately capitalized. Such an institution must submit a capital restoration plan, including a specified guarantee by its holding company, and until the plan is approved by the OCC, the institution may not increase its assets, acquire another institution, establish a branch or engage in any new activities, and generally may not make capital distributions.
For institutions that are not at least adequately capitalized, progressively more severe restrictions generally apply as capital ratios decrease, or if the OCC reclassifies an institution into a lower capital category due to unsafe or unsound practices or unsafe or unsound condition. Such restrictions may cover all aspects of operations and may include a forced merger or acquisition. An institution that becomes “critically undercapitalized” because it has a tangible equity ratio of 2.0 percent or less is generally subject to the appointment of the FDIC as receiver or conservator for the institution within 90 days after it becomes critically undercapitalized. The imposition by the OCC of any of these measures on the Bank may have a substantial adverse effect on its operations and profitability.
The OCC has adopted substantial revisions to the regulations on capital prompt corrective action for FDIC-insured institutions. See “New Capital Regulations” below.
Anti-Money Laundering and Suspicious Activity
Several federal laws, including the Bank Secrecy Act, the Money Laundering Control Act and the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the Patriot Act) require all financial institutions, including banks, to implement policies and procedures relating to anti-money laundering, compliance, suspicious activities, and currency transaction reporting and due diligence on customers. The Patriot Act also requires federal bank regulators to evaluate the effectiveness of an applicant in combating money laundering when determining whether to approve a proposed bank acquisition.
Community Reinvestment Act
The Bank is subject to the provisions of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). Under the terms of the CRA, the Bank has a continuing and affirmative obligation, consistent with safe and sound operation, to help meet the credit needs of its community, including providing credit to individuals residing in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. The CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions, and does not limit an institution’s discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community in a manner consistent with the CRA.
The OCC regularly assesses the Bank on its record in meeting the credit needs of the community served by that institution, including low-income and moderate-income neighborhoods. The Bank received a satisfactory rating in its most recent CRA evaluation.
The CRA assessment also is considered when the FRB reviews applications by banking institutions to acquire, merge or consolidate with another banking institution or its holding company, to establish a new branch office that will accept deposits or to relocate an office. In the case of a bank holding company applying for approval to acquire a bank, the Federal Reserve will assess the records of each subsidiary depository institution of the applicant bank holding company, and those records may be the basis for denying the application.

23


Financial Privacy Under the Requirements of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (the GLBA)
The Company and its subsidiaries are required periodically to disclose to their retail customers the Company’s policies and practices with respect to the sharing of nonpublic customer information with its affiliates and others, and the confidentiality and security of that information. Under the GLBA, retail customers also must be given the opportunity to “opt out” of information-sharing arrangements with non-affiliates, subject to certain exceptions set forth in the GLBA.
Limitations on Transactions with Affiliates and Loans to Insiders
Transactions between the Bank and any affiliate are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. An affiliate of a bank is any company or entity which controls, is controlled by or is under common control with the bank but which is not a subsidiary of the bank. The Company and its subsidiaries are affiliates of the Bank. Generally, Section 23A limits the extent to which the Bank or its subsidiaries may engage in “covered transactions” with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10.0 percent of the Bank’s capital stock and surplus, and imposes an aggregate limit on all such transactions with all affiliates in an amount equal to 20.0 percent of such capital stock and surplus. Section 23B applies to “covered transactions” as well as certain other transactions and requires that all transactions be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the Bank, as those provided to a non-affiliate. The term “covered transaction” includes the making of loans to an affiliate, the purchase of or investment in the securities issued by an affiliate, the purchase of assets from an affiliate, the acceptance of securities issued by an affiliate as collateral security for a loan or extension of credit to any person or company, or the issuance of a guarantee, acceptance or letter of credit on behalf of an affiliate. Loans to an affiliate must be collateralized.
In addition, Sections 22(g) and (h) of the Federal Reserve Act place restrictions on loans to executive officers, directors and principal stockholders of the Bank and its affiliates. Under Section 22(h), loans to a director, executive officer or greater than 10.0 percent stockholder of the Bank or its affiliates and certain related interests may generally not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and related interests, 15.0 percent of the Bank’s unimpaired capital and surplus, plus an additional 10.0 percent of unimpaired capital and surplus for loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral having a value at least equal to the amount of the loan. Section 22(h) also requires that loans to directors, executive officers and principal stockholders be made on terms substantially the same as those offered in comparable transactions to other persons, and not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features. There is an exception for loans that are made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that (i) is widely available to employees of the Bank or its affiliate and (ii) does not give preference to any director, executive officer or principal stockholder or certain related interests over other employees of the Bank or its affiliate. Section 22(h) also requires prior board approval for certain loans. In addition, the aggregate amount of all loans to all of the executive officers, directors and principal stockholders of the Bank or its affiliates and certain related interests may not exceed 100.0 percent of the institution’s unimpaired capital and surplus. Furthermore, Section 22(g) places additional restrictions on loans to executive officers.
The Company and its affiliates, including the Bank, maintain programs to meet the limitations on transactions with affiliates and restrictions on loans to insiders and the Company believes it is currently in compliance with these requirements.
Identity Theft
Under the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACT Act), the Bank is required to develop and implement a written Identity Theft Prevention Program to detect, prevent and mitigate identity theft “red flags” in connection with the opening of certain accounts or certain existing accounts. Under the FACT Act, the Bank is required to adopt “reasonable policies and procedures” to (i) identify relevant red flags for covered accounts and incorporate those red flags into the program: (ii) detect red flags that have been incorporated into the program; (iii) respond appropriately to any red flags that are detected to prevent and mitigate identity theft; and (iv) ensure the program is updated periodically, to reflect changes in risks to customers or to the safety and soundness of the financial institution or creditor from identity theft.
The Bank maintains a program to meet the requirements of the FACT Act and the Bank believes it is currently in compliance with these requirements.
Consumer Protection Laws and Regulations; Other Regulations
The Bank and its affiliates are subject to a broad array of federal and state consumer protection laws and regulations that govern almost every aspect of its business relationships with consumers including but not limited to the Truth-in-Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Secure and Fair Enforcement in Mortgage Licensing Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Service Members’ Civil Relief Act, the Right to Financial Privacy Act, the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act, the Consumer Leasing Act, the Fair Credit Billing Act, the Homeowners Protection Act, the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act, laws

24


governing flood insurance, federal and state laws prohibiting unfair and deceptive business practices, foreclosure laws and various regulations that implement some or all of the foregoing. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must deal with customers when taking deposits, making loans, collecting loans and providing other services. If the Bank fails to comply with these laws and regulations, it may be subject to various penalties.
The Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB as a new independent bureau within the Federal Reserve System that is responsible for regulating consumer financial products and services under federal consumer financial laws. The CFPB has broad rulemaking authority with respect to these laws. The Company and the Bank are subject to CFBB’s regulation of consumer financial services and products. The CFPB has issued numerous regulations, and is expected to continue to do so in the next few years. For the Bank and its affiliates, the CFPB’s regulations are enforced by the federal banking regulators. The CFPB’s rulemaking, examination and enforcement authority is expected to significantly affect financial institutions involved in the provision of consumer financial products and services, including the Company and the Bank.
New restrictions on residential mortgages were also promulgated under the Dodd-Frank Act. The provisions include (i) a requirement that lenders make a determination that at the time a residential mortgage loan is consummated the consumer has a reasonable ability to repay the loan and related costs; (ii) a ban on loan originator compensation based on the interest rate or other terms of the loan (other than the amount of the principal); (iii) a ban on prepayment penalties for certain types of loans; (iv) bans on arbitration provisions in mortgage loans; and (v) requirements for enhanced disclosures in connection with the making of a loan. The Dodd-Frank Act also imposes a variety of requirements on entities that service mortgage loans.
The OCC must approve the Bank’s acquisition of other financial institutions and certain other acquisitions, and its establishment of branches. Generally, the Bank may branch de novo nationwide, but branching by acquisition may be restricted by applicable state law.
The Bank’s general limit on loans to one borrower is 15 percent of its capital and surplus, plus an additional 10 percent of its capital and surplus if the amount of loans greater than 15 percent of capital and surplus is fully secured by readily marketable collateral. Capital and surplus means Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital plus the amount of allowance for loan and lease losses not included in Tier 2 capital. The Bank has no loans in excess of its loans-to-one borrower limit.
OCC regulations impose various restrictions on the ability of a bank to make capital distributions, which include dividends, stock redemptions or repurchases, and certain other items. Generally, a bank may make capital distributions during any calendar year equal to up to 100 percent of net income for the year-to-date plus retained net income for the two preceding years without prior OCC approval. However, the OCC may restrict dividends by an institution deemed to be in need of more than normal supervision.
The Bank is a member of the FHLB, which makes loans or advances to members. All advances are required to be fully secured by sufficient collateral as determined by the FHLB, and all long-term advances are required to provide funds for residential home financing. The Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the FHLB. At December 31, 2014, the Bank had $29.8 million in FHLB stock, which was in compliance with this requirement.
New Capital Requirements
Effective January 1, 2015 (with some changes transitioned into full effectiveness over two to four years), the Company and the Bank became subject to new capital regulations adopted by the FRB and the OCC, which create a new required ratio for common equity Tier 1 (CET1) capital, increase the minimum leverage and Tier 1 capital ratios, change the risk-weightings of certain assets for purposes of the risk-based capital ratios, create an additional capital conservation buffer over the required capital ratios, and change what qualifies as capital for purposes of meeting the capital requirements.
Under the new capital regulations, the minimum capital ratios are: (i) a CET1 capital ratio of 4.5 percent of risk-weighted assets; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0 percent of risk-weighted assets; (iii) a total capital ratio of 8.0 percent of risk-weighted assets; and (iv) a leverage ratio (the ratio of Tier 1 capital to average total adjusted assets) of 4.0 percent. CET1 generally consists of common stock, retained earnings, accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) unless we elect to exclude AOCI from regulatory capital, as discussed below, and certain minority interests; all subject to applicable regulatory adjustments and deductions.
There are a number of changes in what constitutes regulatory capital, subject to transition periods. These changes include the phasing-out of certain instruments as qualifying capital. Mortgage servicing and deferred tax assets over designated percentages of CET1 will be deducted from capital. In addition, Tier 1 capital will include AOCI, which includes all unrealized gains and losses on available for sale debt and equity securities. Because of our asset size, we have the one-time option of

25


deciding in the first quarter of 2015 whether to permanently opt-out of the inclusion of unrealized gains and losses on available for sale debt and equity securities in our capital calculations. We are considering whether to elect this option.
The new requirements also include changes in the risk-weighting of assets to better reflect credit risk and other risk exposure. These include a 150 percent risk weight (up from 100 percent ) for certain high volatility commercial real estate acquisition, development and construction loans and for non-residential mortgage loans that are 90 days past due or otherwise in nonaccrual status, a 20 percent (up from 0 percent) credit conversion factor for the unused portion of a commitment with an original maturity of one year or less that is not unconditionally cancellable (currently set at 0 percent ), and a 250 percent risk weight (up from 100 percent) for mortgage servicing and deferred tax assets that are not deducted from capital.
In addition to the minimum CET1, Tier 1 and total capital ratios, the Company and the Bank will have to maintain a capital conservation buffer consisting of additional CET1 capital greater than 2.5 percent of risk-weighted assets above the required minimum levels in order to avoid limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses. The new capital conservation buffer requirement is to be phased in beginning on January 1, 2016 when a buffer greater than 0.625 percent of risk-weighted assets will be required, which amount will increase each year until the buffer requirement is fully implemented on January 1, 2019.
The OCC’s prompt corrective action standards changed when these new capital regulations became effective. Under the new standards, in order to be considered well-capitalized, the Bank must have a ratio of CET1 capital to risk-weighted assets of 6.5 percent (new), a ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of 8 percent (increased from 6 percent), a ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of 10 percent (unchanged), and a leverage ratio of 5 percent (unchanged), and in order to be considered adequately capitalized, it must have the minimum capital ratios described above.
Although we continue to evaluate the impact that the new capital rules will have on the Company and the Bank, we anticipate that the Company and the Bank will remain well-capitalized under the new capital rules, and will meet the capital conservation buffer requirement.
Volcker Rule
The federal banking agencies have adopted regulations, which became effective April 15, 2014 with a conformance period for certain features lasting until July 21, 2015, to implement the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act known as the Volcker Rule. Under the regulations, FDIC-insured depository institutions, their holding companies, subsidiaries and affiliates (collectively, banking entities), are generally prohibited, subject to certain exemptions, from proprietary trading of securities and other financial instruments and from acquiring or retaining an ownership interest in a “covered fund.”
Trading in certain government obligations is not prohibited. These include, among others, obligations of or guaranteed by the United States or an agency or government-sponsored entity of the United States, obligations of a State of the United States or a political subdivision thereof, and municipal securities. Proprietary trading generally does not include transactions under repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements, securities lending transactions and purchases and sales for the purpose of liquidity management if the liquidity management plan meets specified criteria; nor does it generally include transactions undertaken in a fiduciary capacity.
The term “covered fund” can include, in addition to many private equity and hedge funds and other entities, certain collateralized mortgage obligations, collateralized debt obligations and collateralized loan obligations, and other items, but it does not include wholly owned subsidiaries, certain joint ventures, or loan securitizations generally, if the underlying assets are solely loans. The term “ownership interest” includes not only an equity interest or a partnership interest, but also an interest that has the right to participate in selection or removal of a general partner, managing member, director, trustee or investment manager or advisor; to receive a share of income, gains or profits of the fund; to receive underlying fund assets after all other interests have been redeemed; to receive all or a portion of excess spread; or to receive income on a pass-through basis or income determined by reference to the performance of fund assets. In addition, “ownership interest” includes an interest under which amounts payable can be reduced based on losses arising from underlying fund assets.
Activities eligible for exemptions include, among others, certain brokerage, underwriting and marketing activities, and risk-mitigating hedging activities with respect to specific risks and subject to specified conditions.
Future Legislation or Regulation
In light of recent conditions in the United States economy and the financial services industry, the Obama administration, Congress, the regulators and various states continue to focus attention on the financial services industry. Additional proposals that affect the industry have been and will likely continue to be introduced. We cannot predict whether any of these proposals will be enacted or adopted or, if they are, the effect they would have on our business, our operations or our financial condition.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors
An investment in our securities is subject to certain risks. These risk factors should be considered by prospective and current investors in our securities when evaluating the disclosures in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, results of operations and financial condition could suffer. In that event, the value of our securities could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.
Risks Relating to Our Recently Completed Branch Acquisition from Banco Popular North America
The success of our recently completed acquisition of branches from Banco Popular North America will depend on a number of uncertain factors.
The success of our recently completed acquisition of branches (the BPNA Branch Acquisition) from Banco Popular North America (BPNA) will depend on a number of factors, including, without limitation:
our ability to successfully integrate the BPNA branches into our current operations;
our ability to limit outflow of deposits held by our new customers in the BPNA branches and to retain interest-earning assets (i.e., loans) acquired in the BPNA Branch Acquisition;
the credit quality of loans acquired as part of the BPNA Branch Acquisition;
our ability to attract new deposits and to generate new interest-earning assets;
our success in deploying the cash received in the BPNA Branch Acquisition, on a timely basis, into assets, including loans and investment securities, bearing sufficiently high yields without incurring unacceptable credit or interest rate risk;
our ability to control the incremental noninterest expense from the BPNA branches in a manner that enables us to maintain a favorable overall efficiency ratio;
our ability to retain and attract appropriate personnel to staff the BPNA branches; and
our ability to earn acceptable levels of noninterest income, including fee income, from the BPNA branches.
No assurance can be given that we will be able to integrate the BPNA branches successfully, that the BPNA Branch Acquisition will not expose us to unknown material liabilities, that the operation of the BPNA branches will not adversely affect our results of operations, that we will be able to achieve results in the future similar to those achieved by our existing banking business, that we will be able to compete effectively in new market areas, or that we will be able to manage growth resulting from the BPNA Branch Acquisition effectively. The difficulties or costs we may encounter in the integration could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.
The pricing of deposits and loan run-off rates could be substantially different than what we have projected in connection with our planning for the BPNA Branch Acquisition and the integration of the acquired branches.
It is not known whether we will be able to retain loan and deposit relationships acquired in the BPNA Branch Acquisition over time.
We will need to convert customer loan and deposit data from BPNA’s data processing system to our data processing systems. Problems or errors in the customer account conversion process, and customer interface required to replace certain BPNA products and services with comparable products and services of the Bank, could adversely affect customer relationships, increase run-off of deposit and loan customers and result in unexpected charges and costs. Similarly, run-off could increase if we are not able to cost effectively service particular BPNA loan or deposit products with special features. An unanticipated increase in the run-off rate could increase the effective cost to us of the BPNA Branch Acquisition.
The credit quality of loans associated with the BPNA Branch Acquisition may be poorer than expected, which would require us to increase our allowance for loan losses and negatively affect our operating results.
The Bank acquired $1.07 billion of loans related to the BPNA branches. As part of our due diligence on the BPNA branches, we reviewed a sample of these loans in various categories and found them to be of acceptable credit quality. Our examination of these loans was made using the same criteria, analyses and collateral evaluations that we have traditionally used in the ordinary course of our business. Although we believe the loans we acquired are of acceptable credit quality, and nonperforming loans, non-accrual loans or other real estate owned were generally excluded from the BPNA Branch Acquisition, no assurance can be given as to the future performance of these loans.

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We may fail to realize the growth prospects and cost savings anticipated as a result of the BPNA Branch Acquisition.
The success of the BPNA Branch Acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize the anticipated business opportunities and growth prospects we expect to result from the addition of the BPNA branches. We may never realize these business opportunities and growth prospects. Integrating operations will be complex and will require significant efforts and expenditures on the part of both us and BPNA. Our management might have its attention diverted while trying to integrate operations and corporate and administrative infrastructures and the cost of integration may exceed our expectations. We may also be required to make unanticipated capital expenditures or investments in order to maintain, improve or sustain the BPNA branches we acquired or take write-offs or impairment charges or recognize amortization expenses resulting from the BPNA Branch Acquisition and may be subject to unanticipated or unknown liabilities relating to the BPNA branches we acquired. We might experience increased competition that limits our ability to expand our business, and we might not be able to capitalize on expected business opportunities, including retaining current customers of BPNA. If any of these factors limit our ability to integrate the new branches successfully or on a timely basis, the expectations of future results of operations following the BPNA Branch Acquisition might not be met.
It is possible that the integration process could result in the loss of key employees, the disruption of our ongoing businesses, tax costs or inefficiencies, or inconsistencies in standards, controls, information technology systems, procedures and policies, any of which could adversely affect our ability to maintain relationships with customers, employees or other third parties or our ability to achieve the anticipated benefits of the BPNA Branch Acquisition and could harm our financial performance.
We have incurred and will continue to incur significant transaction and acquisition-related integration costs in connection with the BPNA Branch Acquisition.
We have developed a plan to integrate the BPNA branches we acquired. Although we anticipate achieving cost synergies in connection with the BPNA Branch Acquisition, we also expect to incur costs to implement such cost savings measures. We have incurred, and anticipate that we will continue to incur certain non-recurring charges in connection with this integration, including charges associated with integrating processes and systems. At this time, we cannot identify the timing, nature and amount of all such charges. Further, we have incurred, and currently expect to continue to incur significant transaction costs that will be charged as an expense in the period incurred. The significant transaction costs and acquisition-related integration costs could materially adversely affect our results of operations in the period in which such charges are recorded or our cash flow in the period in which any related costs are actually paid. The net benefit associated with the anticipated elimination of duplicative costs, as well as the realization of other efficiencies related to the integration of the BPNA branches, may not be achieved in the near term, or at all. Accordingly, the cost and operational savings may not be achievable in our anticipated amount or timeframe or at all. Investors should not place undue reliance on the anticipated benefits of the BPNA Branch Acquisition in making an investment decision with respect to our securities.
Risks Relating to Our Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have recently taken a number of actions to remediate a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. We may be at risk for future material weaknesses, particularly if the new control measures we implemented do not continue to operate effectively.
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. In 2014, as disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2013, our quarterly report on Form 10-Q/A for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014 and our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly periods ended June 30, 2014 and September 30, 2014, management identified immaterial errors related to prior financial reporting periods that indicated certain deficiencies existed in our internal control over financial reporting. Management concluded that, for the 2013 reporting period, these deficiencies, when aggregated, could have resulted in a material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements that would not have been prevented or detected on a timely basis, and as such, these control deficiencies resulted in a material weakness.
A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. As described in Item 9A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we have recently taken a number of actions to remediate the material weakness referred to above. Our management has determined that these remediation actions were effectively designed and demonstrated effective operations for a sufficient period of time to enable us to conclude that this material weakness had been remediated as of December 31, 2014. However, we must continue to monitor and evaluate the new control measures we implemented to ensure that they continue to operate effectively and we may be at risk for future material weaknesses, particularly if these measures do not continue to operate effectively. If additional material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting are discovered or occur in the future, this could result in material

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misstatements in our consolidated financial statements and/or adversely affect our ability to timely file our annual and quarterly reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, either of which could have a negative effect on the trading prices of our securities and our ability to access the capital markets.
Risks Relating to Our Business and Operating Environment
Our business strategy includes significant growth plans, and our financial condition and results of operations could be negatively affected if we fail to grow or fail to manage our growth effectively.
We have pursued and intend to continue to pursue an organic and acquisition growth strategy for our business. We regularly evaluate potential acquisitions and expansion opportunities. If appropriate opportunities present themselves, we expect to engage in selected acquisitions of financial institutions, branch acquisitions and other business growth initiatives or undertakings. There can be no assurance that we will successfully identify appropriate opportunities, that we will be able to negotiate or finance such activities or that such activities, if undertaken, will be successful.
There are risks associated with our growth strategy. To the extent that we grow through acquisitions, we cannot ensure that we will be able to adequately or profitably manage this growth. Acquiring other banks, branches or other assets, as well as other expansion activities, involves various risks including the risks of incorrectly assessing the credit quality of acquired assets, encountering greater than expected costs of integrating acquired banks or branches, the risk of loss of customers and/or employees of the acquired institution or branch, executing cost savings measures, not achieving revenue enhancements and otherwise not realizing the transaction’s anticipated benefits. Our ability to address these matters successfully cannot be assured. In addition, our strategic efforts may divert resources or management’s attention from ongoing business operations, may require investment in integration and in development and enhancement of additional operational and reporting processes and controls, and may subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny. To finance an acquisition, we may borrow funds, thereby increasing our leverage and diminishing our liquidity, or raise additional capital, which could dilute the interests of our existing stockholders.
Our growth initiatives may also require us to recruit experienced personnel to assist in such initiatives. Accordingly, the failure to identify and retain such personnel would place significant limitations on our ability to successfully execute our growth strategy. In addition, to the extent we expand our lending beyond our current market areas, we could incur additional risks related to those new market areas. We may not be able to expand our market presence in our existing market areas or successfully enter new markets.
If we do not successfully execute our acquisition growth plan, it could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and growth prospects. In addition, if we were to conclude that the value of an acquired business had decreased and that the related goodwill had been impaired, that conclusion would result in an impairment of goodwill charge to us, which would adversely affect our results of operations. While we believe we will have the executive management resources and internal systems in place to successfully manage our future growth, there can be no assurance growth opportunities will be available or that we will successfully manage our growth.
In addition to the risks presented by the recently completed BPNA Branch Acquisition, our acquisitions of PBOC, The Palisades Group, RenovationReady and CS Financial may present certain risks to our business and operations.
We completed our acquisitions of PBOC and The Palisades Group on July 1, 2013 and September 11, 2013, respectively, and our wholly owned subsidiary, the Bank completed the acquisitions of RenovationReady and CS Financial on January 31, 2014 and October 31, 2013, respectively. Difficulties in capitalizing on the opportunities presented by these acquisitions may prevent us from fully achieving the expected benefits from the acquisitions, or may cause the achievement of such expected benefits to take longer than expected.
Further, the assimilation of PBOC’s customers and markets could result in higher than expected deposit attrition, loss of key employees, disruption of our businesses, or otherwise adversely affect our ability to maintain relationships with customers and employees or achieve the anticipated benefits of the acquisitions. These matters could have an adverse effect on us for an undetermined period. We will likely be subject to similar risks and difficulties in connection with any future acquisitions.
Our financial condition and results of operations are dependent on the economy, particularly in the Bank’s market areas. A deterioration in economic conditions in the market areas we serve may impact our earnings adversely and could increase the credit risk of our loan and lease portfolio.
Our primary market area is concentrated in the greater San Diego, Orange, and Los Angeles counties. Adverse economic conditions in any of these, market areas can reduce our rate of growth, affect our customers’ ability to repay loans and leases

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and adversely impact our financial condition and earnings. General economic conditions, including inflation, unemployment and money supply fluctuations, also may affect our profitability adversely.
A deterioration in economic conditions in the market areas we serve could result in the following consequences, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations:
Demand for our products and services may decline;
Loan and lease delinquencies, problem assets and foreclosures may increase;
Collateral for our loans and leases may further decline in value; and
The amount of our low-cost or non-interest-bearing deposits may decrease.
We cannot accurately predict the effect of the weakness in the national economy on our future operating results.
The national economy in general and the financial services sector in particular continue to face significant challenges. We cannot accurately predict the possibility of the economy’s return to recessionary conditions or to a period of economic weakness, which would adversely impact the markets we serve. Any deterioration in national or local economic conditions would have an adverse effect, which could be material, on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects, and any economic weakness could present substantial risks for the banking industry and for us.
There are risks associated with our lending activities and our allowance for loan and lease losses may prove to be insufficient to absorb probable incurred losses in our loan and lease portfolio.
Lending money is a substantial part of our business. Every loan and lease carries a certain risk that it will not be repaid in accordance with its terms or that any underlying collateral will not be sufficient to assure repayment. This risk is affected by, among other things:
Cash flow of the borrower and/or the project being financed;
In the case of a collateralized loan or lease, the changes and uncertainties as to the future value of the collateral;
The credit history of a particular borrower;
Changes in economic and industry conditions; and
The duration of the loan or lease.
We maintain an allowance for loan and lease losses which we believe is appropriate to provide for probable incurred losses in our loan and lease portfolio. The amount of this allowance is determined by our management through a periodic review and consideration of several factors, including, but not limited to:
An ongoing review of the quality, size and diversity of the loan and lease portfolio;
Evaluation of non-performing loans and leases;
Historical default and loss experience;
Historical recovery experience;
Existing economic conditions;
Risk characteristics of the various classifications of loans and leases; and
The amount and quality of collateral, including guarantees, securing the loans and leases.
If our loan and lease losses exceed our allowance for loan and lease losses, our business, financial condition and profitability may suffer.
The determination of the appropriate level of the allowance for loan and lease losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires us to make various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of our loan and lease portfolio, including the creditworthiness of our borrowers and the value of the real estate and other assets serving as collateral for the repayment of many of our loans and leases. In determining the amount of the allowance for loan and lease losses, we review our loans and leases and the loss and delinquency experience, and evaluate economic conditions and make significant estimates of current credit risks and future trends, all of which may undergo material changes. If our estimates are incorrect, the allowance for loan and lease losses may not be sufficient to cover losses inherent in our loan and lease portfolio, resulting in the need for additions to our allowance through an increase in the provision for loan and lease losses. Deterioration in economic conditions affecting borrowers, new information regarding existing loans and leases, identification of additional problem loans and leases and other factors, both within and outside of our control, may require an increase in the allowance for loan and lease losses. Our allowance for loan and lease losses was 0.75 percent of total loans and leases held for investment and 76.81 percent of nonperforming loans and leases at December 31, 2014. In addition, bank regulatory agencies periodically review our allowance for loan and lease losses and may require an increase in the provision for loan and lease losses or the recognition of further charge-offs, based on judgments different than that of management. If charge-offs in future periods exceed the

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allowance for loan and lease losses, we will need additional provisions to increase the allowance for loan and lease losses. Any increases in the provision for loan and lease losses will result in a decrease in net income and may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Our business may be adversely affected by credit risk associated with residential property and declining property values.
At December 31, 2014, $1.30 billion, or 33.0 percent of our total loans and leases, was secured by single family residential mortgage loans and home equity lines of credit. This type of lending is generally sensitive to regional and local economic conditions that significantly impact the ability of borrowers to meet their loan payment obligations, making loss levels difficult to predict. The decline in residential real estate values as a result of the downturn in the California housing markets has reduced the value of the real estate collateral securing these types of loans and increased the risk that we would incur losses if borrowers default on their loans. Residential loans with high combined loan-to-value ratios generally will be more sensitive to declining property values than those with lower combined loan-to-value ratios and therefore may experience a higher incidence of default and severity of losses. In addition, if the borrowers sell their homes, the borrowers may be unable to repay their loans in full from the sale proceeds. As a result, these loans may experience higher rates of delinquencies, defaults and losses, which will in turn adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our loan portfolio possesses increased risk due to our level of adjustable rate loans.
A substantial majority of our real estate secured loans held are adjustable-rate loans. Any rise in prevailing market interest rates may result in increased payments for borrowers who have adjustable rate mortgage loans, increasing the possibility of defaults that may adversely affect our profitability.
Our underwriting practices may not protect us against losses in our loan portfolio.
We seek to mitigate the risks inherent in our loan portfolio by adhering to specific underwriting practices, including: analyzing a borrower’s credit history, financial statements, tax returns and cash flow projections; valuing collateral based on reports of independent appraisers; and verifying liquid assets. Although we believe that our underwriting criteria are, and historically have been, appropriate for the various kinds of loans we make, we have incurred losses on loans that have met these criteria, and may continue to experience higher than expected losses depending on economic factors and consumer behavior. In addition, our ability to assess the creditworthiness of our customers may be impaired if the models and approaches we use to select, manage, and underwrite our customers become less predictive of future behaviors. Finally, we may have higher credit risk, or experience higher credit losses, to the extent our loans are concentrated by loan type, industry segment, borrower type, or location of the borrower or collateral. At December 31, 2014, 80.4 percent of our commercial real estate loans and 93.4 percent of our originated SFR mortgage loans were secured by collateral in Southern California. Deterioration in real estate values and underlying economic conditions in Southern California could result in significantly higher credit losses to our portfolio.
Our non-traditional and interest-only single-family residential loans expose us to increased lending risk.
Many of the residential mortgage loans we have originated for investment consisted of non-traditional SFR mortgage loans that do not conform to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac underwriting guidelines as a result of loan-to-value ratios or debt-to-income ratios, loan terms, loan size (exceeding agency limits) or other exceptions from agency underwriting guidelines.
Moreover, many of these loans do not meet the qualified mortgage definition established by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the CFPB), and therefore contain additional regulatory and legal risks. See "-Rulemaking changes by the CFPB in particular are expected to result in higher regulatory and compliance costs that may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.” In addition, the secondary market demand for nonconforming mortgage loans generally is limited, and consequently, we may have a difficult time selling the nonconforming loans in our portfolio were we to decide to do so.
In the case of interest-only loans, a borrower’s monthly payment is subject to change when the loan converts to fully-amortizing status. Since the borrower’s monthly payment may increase by a substantial amount, even without an increase in prevailing market interest rates, the borrower might not be able to afford the increased monthly payment. In addition, interest-only loans have a large, balloon payment at the end of the loan term, which the borrower may be unable to pay. Negative amortization involves a greater risk to us because credit risk exposure increases when the loan incurs negative amortization and the value of the home serving as collateral for the loan does not increase proportionally. Negative amortization is only permitted up to 110 percent of the original loan to value ratio during the first five years the loan is outstanding, with payments adjusting periodically as provided in the loan documents, potentially resulting in higher payments by the borrower. The adjustment of these loans to higher payment requirements can be a substantial factor in higher loan delinquency levels because the borrowers may not be able to make the higher payments. Also, real estate values may decline, and credit standards may

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tighten in concert with the higher payment requirement, making it difficult for borrowers to sell their homes or refinance their loans to pay off their mortgage obligations. For these reasons, interest-only loans and negative amortization loans are considered to have an increased risk of delinquency, default and foreclosure than conforming loans and may result in higher levels of realized losses.
Our income property loans, consisting of commercial and multi-family real estate loans, involve higher principal amounts than other loans and repayment of these loans may be dependent on factors outside our control or the control of our borrowers.
We originate commercial and multi-family real estate loans for individuals and businesses for various purposes, which are secured by commercial properties. These loans typically involve higher principal amounts than other types of loans, and repayment is dependent upon income generated, or expected to be generated, by the property securing the loan in amounts sufficient to cover operating expenses and debt service, which may be adversely affected by changes in the economy or local market conditions. For example, if the cash flow from the borrower’s project is reduced as a result of leases not being obtained or renewed in a timely manner or at all, the borrower’s ability to repay the loan may be impaired. Commercial and multi-family real estate loans also expose us to greater credit risk than loans secured by residential real estate because the collateral securing these loans typically cannot be sold as easily as residential real estate. In addition, many of our commercial and multi-family real estate loans are not fully amortizing and contain large balloon payments upon maturity. Such balloon payments may require the borrower to either sell or refinance the underlying property in order to make the payment, which may increase the risk of default or non-payment.
If we foreclose on a commercial or multi-family real estate loan, our holding period for the collateral typically is longer than for residential mortgage loans because there are fewer potential purchasers of the collateral. Additionally, commercial and multi-family real estate loans generally have relatively large balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers. Accordingly, if we make any errors in judgment in the collectability of our commercial and multi-family real estate loans, any resulting charge-offs may be larger on a per loan basis than those incurred with our residential or consumer loan portfolios. As of December 31, 2014, our commercial and multi-family real estate loans totaled $1.96 billion, or 49.5 percent of our total loans and leases.
Our portfolio of Green Loans subjects us to greater risks of loss.
We have a portfolio of Green Account home equity loans which generally have a fifteen year draw period with interest-only payment requirements, and a balloon payment requirement at the end of the draw period. The Green Loans include an associated “clearing account” that allows all types of deposit and withdrawal transactions to be performed by the borrower during the term. We ceased originating new Green Loans in 2011; however, existing Green Loan borrowers are entitled to continue to draw on their Green Loans. At December 31, 2014, the balance of Green Loans in our portfolio totaled $128.2 million, or 3.2 percent of our total loans and leases.
In 2011, we implemented an information reporting system which allowed us to capture more detailed information than was previously possible, including transaction level data concerning our Green Loans. Although such transaction level data would have enabled us to more closely monitor trends in the credit quality of our Green Loans, we do not possess the enhanced transaction level data relating to the Green Loans for periods prior to the implementation of those enhanced systems. Although we do not believe that the absence of such historical data itself represents a material impediment to our current mechanisms for monitoring the credit quality of the Green Loans, until we compile sufficient transaction level data going forward we are limited in our ability to use historical information to monitor trends in the portfolio that might assist us in anticipating credit problems. Green Loans expose us to greater credit risk than other residential mortgage loans because they are non- amortizing and contain large balloon payments upon maturity. Although the loans require the borrower to make monthly interest payments, we are also subject to an increased risk of loss in connection with the Green Loans because payments due under the loans can be made by means of additional advances drawn by the borrower, up to the amount of the credit limit, thereby increasing our overall loss exposure due to negative amortization. The balloon payment due on maturity may require the borrower to either sell or refinance the underlying property in order to make the payment, which may increase the risk of default or non-payment. Our ability to take remedial actions in response to these additional risks of loss is limited by the terms and conditions of the Green Loans and our alternatives consist primarily of the ability to curtail additional borrowing when we determine that either the collateral value of the underlying real property or the credit worthiness of the borrower no longer supports the level of credit originally extended. Additionally, many of our Green Loans have larger balances than traditional residential mortgage loans, and accordingly, if the loans go into default either during the draw period or at maturity, any resulting charge-offs may be larger on a per loan basis than those incurred with traditional residential loans.

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If our investments in other real estate owned are not properly valued or sufficiently reserved to cover actual losses, or if we are required to increase our valuation reserves, our earnings could be reduced.
We obtain updated valuations in the form of appraisals and broker price opinions when a loan has been foreclosed upon and the property is taken in as other real estate owned (OREO), and at certain other times during the asset’s holding period. Our net book value (NBV) in the loan at the time of foreclosure and thereafter is compared to the updated market value (fair value) of the foreclosed property less estimated selling costs. A charge-off is recorded for any excess in the asset’s NBV over its fair value. If our valuation process is incorrect, the fair value of our investments in OREO may not be sufficient to recover our NBV in such assets, resulting in the need for additional write-downs. Additional write-downs to our investments in OREO could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Our bank regulators periodically review our OREO and may require us to recognize further write-downs. Any increase in our write-downs, as required by such regulator, may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. As of December 31, 2014, we had OREO of $423 thousand.
Our portfolio of “re-performing” loans subjects us to a greater risk of loss.
We have a portfolio of re-performing residential mortgage loans which we purchased in several large pools at a discount to the outstanding principal balance on the loans. These re-performing loans were discounted because either (i) the borrower was delinquent at the time of the loan purchase or had previously been delinquent and had become current prior to our purchase of the loan, or (ii) because the loan had been modified from its original terms. We purchased the loans because we believe that we can successfully service the loans and have the borrowers consistently meet their obligations under the loan, which will increase the value of the loans. However, re-performing loans expose us to greater credit risk than other residential mortgage loans because they have a higher risk of delinquency, default and foreclosure than other residential mortgage loans and may result in higher levels of realized losses.
Repayment of our commercial and industrial loans is often dependent on the cash flows of the borrower, which may be unpredictable, and the collateral securing these loans may not be sufficient to repay the loan in the event of default.
We make our commercial and industrial loans primarily based on the identified cash flow of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. Collateral securing commercial and industrial loans may depreciate over time, be difficult to appraise and fluctuate in value. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect the amounts due from its customers. As of December 31, 2014, our commercial and industrial loans totaled $490.9 million, or 12.4 percent of our total loans and leases.
We are exposed to risk of environmental liabilities with respect to real properties which we may acquire.
In recent years, due to weakness of the U.S. economy and, more specifically, the California economy, including higher levels of unemployment than the nationwide average and declines in real estate values, many borrowers have been unable to meet their loan repayment obligations and, as a result, we have had to initiate foreclosure proceedings with respect to and take title to an increased number of real properties that had collateralized their loans. As an owner of such properties, we could become subject to environmental liabilities and incur substantial costs for any property damage, personal injury, investigation and clean-up that may be required due to any environmental contamination that may be found to exist at any of those properties, even though we did not engage in the activities that led to such contamination. In addition, if we are the owner or former owner of a contaminated site, we may be subject to common law claims by third parties seeking damages for environmental contamination emanating from the site. If we were to become subject to significant environmental liabilities or costs, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be adversely affected.
The expansion of our single family residential mortgage loan originations could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A significant portion of our loan originations business consists of providing purchase money loans to homebuyers and refinancing existing loans. The origination of purchase money mortgage loans is greatly influenced by independent third parties involved in the home buying process such as realtors and builders. As a result, our ability to secure relationships with such independent third parties will affect our ability to grow our purchase money mortgage loan volume and, thus, our loan originations business. Our retail branches and retail call center also originate refinancings of existing mortgage loans, which are very sensitive to increases in interest rates, and may decrease significantly if interest rates rise.


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Our wholesale originations business operates largely through third party mortgage brokers who are not contractually obligated to do business with us. Further, our competitors also have relationships with our brokers and actively compete with us in our efforts to expand our broker networks. Accordingly, we may not be successful in maintaining our existing relationships or expanding our broker networks.
We have made substantial investments to grow our residential mortgage lending business in recent quarters, including adding experienced mortgage loan officers and administrators and management, leasing additional space at our headquarters, opening additional loan production offices, and investing in technology. Our residential mortgage lending business may not generate sufficient revenues to enable us to recover our substantial investment in our residential mortgage lending business, or may not grow sufficiently to contribute to earnings in relation to our investment. Moreover, we may be unable to sell the mortgage loans we originate into the secondary mortgage market at a profit due to changes in interest rates or a reduction in the demand for mortgage loans in the secondary mortgage market. Accordingly, our investment in and expansion of our residential mortgage lending business could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
An increase in interest rates, change in the programs offered by governmental sponsored entities (GSE) or our ability to qualify for such programs may reduce our mortgage revenues, which would negatively impact our non-interest income.
Our mortgage banking operations provide a significant portion of our non-interest income. We generate mortgage revenues primarily from gains on the sale of single-family residential loans pursuant to programs currently offered by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae and other investors. These entities account for a substantial portion of the secondary market in residential mortgage loans. Any future changes in these programs, our eligibility to participate in such programs, the criteria for loans to be accepted or laws that significantly affect the activity of such entities could, in turn, materially adversely affect our results of operations. Further, in a rising or higher interest rate environment, our originations of mortgage loans may decrease, resulting in fewer loans that are available to be sold to investors. This would result in a decrease in mortgage revenues and a corresponding decrease in non-interest income. In addition, our results of operations are affected by the amount of non-interest expense associated with mortgage banking activities, such as salaries and employee benefits, occupancy, equipment and data processing expense and other operating costs. During periods of reduced loan demand, our results of operations may be adversely affected to the extent that we are unable to reduce expenses commensurate with the decline in loan originations.
Secondary mortgage market conditions could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and earnings.
In addition to being affected by interest rates, the secondary mortgage markets are subject to investor demand for single-family residential loans and mortgage-backed securities and investor yield requirements for those loans and securities. These conditions may fluctuate or even worsen in the future. Our business strategy is to originate conforming conventional and government residential mortgage loans and a portion of our nonconforming jumbo conventional residential mortgage loans for sale in the secondary market. Originating loans for sale enables us to earn revenue from fees and gains on loan sales, while reducing our credit risk on the loans as well as our liquidity requirements. We also can use the loan sale proceeds to generate new loans.
We rely on government sponsored entities- Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae - to purchase residential mortgage loans that meet their loan requirements and on other capital markets investors to purchase a portion of our residential mortgage loans that do not meet those requirements – referred to as “nonconforming” loans. Our ability to sell residential mortgage loans readily also is dependent upon our ability to remain eligible for the programs offered by GSEs and other market participants. Any significant impairment of our eligibility to participate in the programs offered by the GSEs and other market participants could materially and adversely affect us. Further, the criteria for loans to be accepted under such programs may be changed from time-to-time by the sponsoring entity which could result in a lower volume of corresponding loan originations or other administrative costs. Reduced demand in the capital markets could cause us to retain more nonconforming loans. In addition, no assurance can be given that GSEs will not materially limit their purchases of conforming loans, including because of capital constraints, or change their criteria for conforming loans (e.g., maximum loan amount or borrower eligibility). Each of the GSEs is currently in conservatorship, with its primary regulator, the Federal Housing Agency acting as conservator. We cannot predict if, when or how the conservatorship will end, or any associated changes to the GSEs business structure and operations that could result. In addition, there are various proposals to reform the role of the GSEs in the U.S. housing finance market. The extent and timing of any such regulatory reform regarding the housing finance market and the GSEs, including whether the GSEs will continue to exist in their current form, as well as any effect on the Company’s business and financial results, are uncertain.
Significant changes in the secondary mortgage market or a prolonged period of secondary market illiquidity may reduce our loan production volumes and could have a material adverse impact on our future earnings and financial condition.


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In addition, the secondary market demand for nonconforming jumbo loans generally is not as strong as the demand for conventional loans and can be volatile, reducing the demand or pricing for those loans; consequently, we may have a more difficult time selling the nonconforming jumbo loans that we originate.
Changes in interest rates may change the value of our mortgage servicing rights, which may increase the volatility of our earnings.
As a result of our sales of mortgage loans to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae, we have a growing portfolio of mortgage servicing rights. A mortgage servicing right is the right to service a mortgage loan - collect principal, interest and escrow amounts - for a fee. Our mortgage servicing rights support our mortgage banking strategies and diversify revenue streams from our mortgage banking segment.
We measure and carry all of our residential mortgage servicing rights using the fair value measurement method. Fair value is determined as the present value of estimated future net servicing income, calculated based on a number of variables, including assumptions about the likelihood of prepayment by borrowers.
The primary risk associated with mortgage servicing rights is that in a declining interest rate environment, they will likely lose a substantial portion of their value as a result of higher than anticipated prepayments. Moreover, if prepayments are greater than expected, the cash we receive over the life of the mortgage loans would be reduced. Conversely, these assets generally increase in value in a rising interest rate environment to the extent that prepayments are slower than previously estimated. Although our mortgage servicing rights diversify the revenue streams from our mortgage banking segment, the increasing size of our mortgage servicing rights portfolio may increase our interest rate risk and correspondingly, the volatility of our earnings.
At December 31, 2014 and 2013, our mortgage servicing rights had fair values of $19.1 million and $13.5 million, respectively. Changes in fair value of our mortgage servicing rights are recorded to earnings in each period. Depending on the interest rate environment, it is possible that the fair value of our mortgage servicing rights may be reduced in the future. If such changes in fair value significantly reduce the carrying value of our mortgage servicing rights, our financial condition and results of operations would be negatively affected.
Certain hedging strategies that we use to manage investment in mortgage loans held for sale and interest rate lock commitments may be ineffective to offset any adverse changes in the fair value of these assets due to changes in interest rates and market liquidity.
We use derivative instruments to hedge the interest rate risks associated with the fair value of certain mortgage loans held for sale and interest rate lock commitments. Our hedging strategies are highly susceptible to basis risk, market volatility and changes in the shape of the yield curve, among other factors. In addition, hedging strategies rely on assumptions and projections regarding assets and general market factors. If these assumptions and projections prove to be incorrect or our hedging strategies do not adequately mitigate the impact of changes in interest rates, we may incur losses that would adversely impact earnings.
Any breach of representations and warranties made by us to our residential mortgage loan purchasers or credit default on our loan sales may require us to repurchase residential mortgage loans we have sold.
We sell a majority of the residential mortgage loans we originate in the secondary market pursuant to agreements that generally require us to repurchase loans in the event of a breach of a representation or warranty made by us to the loan purchaser. Any fraud or misrepresentation during the mortgage loan origination process, whether by us, the borrower, mortgage broker, or other party in the transaction, or, in some cases, upon any early payment default on such mortgage loans, may require us to repurchase such loans.
We believe that, as a result of the increased defaults and foreclosures during the past several years resulting in increased demand for repurchases and indemnification in the secondary market, many purchasers of residential mortgage loans are particularly aware of the conditions under which originators must indemnify or repurchase loans and would benefit from enforcing any repurchase remedies they may have. We believe that our exposure to repurchases under our representations and warranties includes the current unpaid balance of all loans we have sold. During the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, we sold residential mortgage loans aggregating $2.75 billion, $1.86 billion and $477 million, respectively.
To recognize the potential loan repurchase or indemnification losses, we recorded a total reserve of $8.3 million at December 31, 2014. Increases to this reserve reduce mortgage banking revenue. The determination of the appropriate level of the reserve inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires us to make estimates of repurchase and indemnification risks and expected losses. The estimates used could be inaccurate, resulting in a level of reserve that is less than actual losses.

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Deterioration in the economy, an increase in interest rates or a decrease in home values could increase customer defaults on loans that were sold and increase demand for repurchases and indemnification and increase our losses from loan repurchases and indemnification. If we are required to indemnify loan purchasers or repurchase loans and incur losses that exceed our reserve, this could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, any claims asserted against us in the future by loan purchasers may result in liabilities or legal expenses that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
We may not be able to maintain a strong core deposit base or other low-cost funding sources.
We expect to depend on checking, savings and money market deposit account balances and other forms of customer deposits as the primary source of funding for our lending activities. Our future growth will largely depend on our ability to maintain a strong core deposit base, to provide a less costly and more stable source of funding. It may prove difficult to maintain our core deposit base. There may be competitive pressures to pay higher interest rates on deposits, which would increase our funding costs. If customers move money out of bank deposits and into other investments (or into similar products at other institutions that may provide a higher rate of return), we could lose a relatively low cost source of funds, increasing our funding costs and reducing our net interest income and net income. Additionally, any such loss of funds could result in reduced loan originations, which could materially negatively impact our growth strategy and results of operations.
Other-than-temporary impairment charges in our investment securities portfolio could result in losses and adversely affect our continuing operations.
As of December 31, 2014, the Company’s investment securities portfolio consisted of 92 securities, 49 of which were in an unrealized loss position. The majority of unrealized losses are related to the Company’s private label residential mortgage-backed securities and agency residential mortgage-backed securities, as discussed below.
The Company’s private label residential mortgage-backed securities that are in a loss position had a fair value of $1.7 million with unrealized losses of $13 thousand at December 31, 2014. The Company’s agency residential mortgage-backed securities that are in a loss position had a fair value of $90.4 million with unrealized losses of approximately $605 thousand at December 31, 2014. The Company monitors to ensure it has adequate credit support and as of December 31, 2014, the Company believes there is no other than temporary impairment (OTTI) and did not have the intent to sell these securities and it is likely that it will not be required to sell the securities before their anticipated recovery. The portfolio is evaluated using either OTTI guidance provided by ASC 320 or ASC 325. Investment securities classified as available for sale or held to maturity are generally evaluated for OTTI under ASC 320. However, certain residential mortgage-backed securities that had credit ratings at time of purchase below AA are evaluated using guidance provided by ASC 325. The residential mortgage-backed securities in the Company’s portfolio referenced above were rated AA or above at purchase and are not within the scope of ASC 325. For more information about ASC 320 and ASC 325, see Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
We closely monitor our investment securities for changes in credit risk. The valuation of our investment securities also is influenced by external market and other factors, including implementation of SEC and Financial Accounting Standards Board guidance on fair value accounting. Accordingly, if market conditions deteriorate further and we determine our holdings of other investment securities are OTTI, our future earnings, stockholders’ equity, regulatory capital and continuing operations could be materially adversely affected.
Rising interest rates may hurt our profits.
To be profitable, we have to earn more money in interest that we receive on loans and investments than we pay to our depositors and lenders in interest. If interest rates rise, our net interest income and the value of our assets could be reduced if interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowings, increases more quickly than interest received on interest-earning assets, such as loans, other mortgage-related investments and investment securities. This is most likely to occur if short-term interest rates increase at a faster rate than long-term interest rates, which would cause net income to go down. In addition, rising interest rates may hurt our income, because that may reduce the demand for loans and the value of our securities. In a rapidly changing interest rate environment, we may not be able to manage our interest rate risk effectively, which would adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.
We face significant operational risks.
We operate many different financial service functions and rely on the ability of our employees, third-party vendors and systems to process a significant number of transactions. Operational risk is the risk of loss from operations, including fraud by

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employees or outside persons, employees’ execution of incorrect or unauthorized transactions, data processing and technology errors or hacking and breaches of internal control systems.
Our enterprise risk management framework may not be effective in mitigating risk and reducing the potential for losses.
Our enterprise risk management framework seeks to mitigate risk and loss to us. We have established comprehensive policies and procedures and an internal control framework designed to provide a sound operational environment for the types of risk to which we are subject, including credit risk, market risk (interest rate and price risks), liquidity risk, operational risk, compliance risk, strategic risk, and reputational risk. However, as with any risk management framework, there are inherent limitations to our current and future risk management strategies, including risks that we have not appropriately anticipated or identified. In certain instances, we rely on models to measure, monitor and predict risks. However, these models are inherently limited because they involve techniques, including the use of historical data in some circumstances, and judgments that cannot anticipate every economic and financial outcome in the markets in which we operate, nor can they anticipate the specifics and timing of such outcomes. There is no assurance that these models will appropriately capture all relevant risks or accurately predict future events or exposures. Accurate and timely enterprise-wide risk information is necessary to enhance management’s decision-making in times of crisis. If our enterprise risk management framework proves ineffective or if our enterprise-wide management information is incomplete or inaccurate, we could suffer unexpected losses, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.
In addition, our businesses and the markets in which we operate are continuously evolving. We may fail to fully understand the implications of changes in our businesses or the financial markets or fail to adequately or timely enhance our enterprise risk framework to address those changes. If our enterprise risk framework is ineffective, either because it fails to keep pace with changes in the financial markets, regulatory requirements, our businesses, our counterparties, clients or service providers or for other reasons, we could incur losses, suffer reputational damage or find ourselves out of compliance with applicable regulatory or contractual mandates.
An important aspect of our enterprise risk management framework is creating a risk culture in which all employees fully understand that there is risk in every aspect of our business and the importance of managing risk as it relates to their job functions. We continue to enhance our enterprise risk management program to support our risk culture, ensuring that it is sustainable and appropriate to our role as a major financial institution. Nonetheless, if we fail to create the appropriate environment that sensitizes all of our employees to managing risk, our business could be adversely impacted. For more information on our risk management framework, see “Item 1. Business-Lending Activities-Governance.”
Managing reputational risk is important to attracting and maintaining customers, investors and employees.
Threats to our reputation can come from many sources, including adverse sentiment about financial institutions generally, unethical practices, employee misconduct, failure to deliver minimum standards of service or quality, compliance deficiencies and questionable or fraudulent activities of our customers. We have policies and procedures in place to promote ethical conduct and protect our reputation. However, these policies and procedures may not be fully effective. Negative publicity regarding our business, employees, or customers, with or without merit, may result in the loss of customers, investors and employees, costly litigation, a decline in revenues and increased governmental oversight.
Liquidity risk could impair our ability to fund operations and jeopardize our financial condition.
Liquidity is essential to our business. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, the sale of loans and other sources could have a substantial negative effect on our liquidity. Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance our activities or on terms that are acceptable to us could be impaired by factors that affect us specifically or the financial services industry or economy in general. Factors that could detrimentally impact our access to liquidity sources include a decrease in the level of our business activity as a result of a downturn in the markets in which our loans are concentrated or adverse regulatory action against us. Our ability to borrow could also be impaired by factors that are not specific to us, such as a disruption in the financial markets or negative views and expectations about the prospects for the financial services industry.
The held for sale loan balance in our mortgage banking business represents mortgage loans that are in the process of being sold to various investors. Loan balances steadily accumulate and then decrease at the time of sale. We fund these balances through short term funding, primarily through FHLB advances, which require collateral. In the event we experience a significant increase in our held for sale loan balances, our liquidity could be negatively impacted as we increase our short term borrowings and therefore our required collateral. Although we have access to other sources of contingent liquidity, we could be materially and adversely affected if we fail to effectively manage this risk.


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We depend on our key employees.
Our future prospects are and will remain highly dependent on our directors and executive officers. Our success will, to some extent, depend on the continued service of our directors and continued employment of the executive officers. The unexpected loss of the services of any of these individuals could have a detrimental effect on our business. Although we have entered into employment agreements with members of our senior management team, no assurance can be given that these individuals will continue to be employed by us. The loss of any of these individuals could negatively affect our ability to achieve our growth strategy and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
We currently hold a significant amount of bank-owned life insurance.
At December 31, 2014, we held $19.1 million of bank-owned life insurance (BOLI) on certain key and former employees and executives, with a cash surrender value of $19.1 million. The eventual repayment of the cash surrender value is subject to the ability of the various insurance companies to pay death benefits or to return the cash surrender value to us if needed for liquidity purposes. We continually monitor the financial strength of the various companies with whom we carry these policies. However, any one of these companies could experience a decline in financial strength, which could impair its ability to pay benefits or return our cash surrender value. If we need to liquidate these policies for liquidity purposes, we would be subject to taxation on the increase in cash surrender value and penalties for early termination, both of which would adversely impact earnings.
If our investment in the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco becomes impaired, our earnings and stockholders’ equity could decrease.
At December 31, 2014, we owned $29.8 million in Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) stock. We are required to own this stock to be a member of and to obtain advances from our FHLB. This stock is not marketable and can only be redeemed by our FHLB. Our FHLB’s financial condition is linked, in part, to the eleven other members of the FHLB System and to accounting rules and asset quality risks that could materially lower their capital, which would cause our FHLB stock to be deemed impaired, resulting in a decrease in our earnings and assets.
We rely on numerous external vendors.
We rely on numerous external vendors to provide us with products and services necessary to maintain our day-to-day operations. Accordingly, our operations are exposed to risk that these vendors will not perform in accordance with the contracted arrangements under service level agreements. The failure of an external vendor to perform in accordance with the contracted arrangements under service level agreements because of changes in the vendor's organizational structure, financial condition, support for existing products and services or strategic focus or for any other reason, could be disruptive to our operations, which in turn could have a material negative impact on our financial condition and results of operations. We also could be adversely affected to the extent such an agreement is not renewed by the third party vendor or is renewed on terms less favorable to us.
We are subject to certain risks in connection with our use of technology.
Our security measures may not be sufficient to mitigate the risk of a cyber attack or cyber theft.
Communications and information systems are essential to the conduct of our business, as we use such systems to manage our customer relationships, our general ledger and virtually all other aspects of our business. Our operations rely on the secure processing, storage, and transmission of confidential and other information in our computer systems and networks. Although we take protective measures and endeavor to modify them as circumstances warrant, the security of our computer systems, software, and networks may be vulnerable to breaches, unauthorized access, misuse, computer viruses, or other malicious code and cyber attacks that could have a security impact. If one or more of these events occur, this could jeopardize our or our customers' confidential and other information processed and stored in, and transmitted through, our computer systems and networks, or otherwise cause interruptions or malfunctions in our operations or the operations of our customers or counterparties. We may be required to expend significant additional resources to modify our protective measures or to investigate and remediate vulnerabilities or other exposures, and we may be subject to litigation and financial losses that are either not insured against or not fully covered through any insurance maintained by us. We could also suffer significant reputational damage.
Security breaches in our internet banking activities could further expose us to possible liability and damage our reputation. Any compromise of our security also could deter customers from using our internet banking services that involve the transmission

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of confidential information. We rely on standard internet security systems to provide the security and authentication necessary to effect secure transmission of data. These precautions may not protect our systems from compromises or breaches of our security measures, which could result in significant legal liability and significant damage to our reputation and our business.
Our security measures may not protect us from systems failures or interruptions.
While we have established policies and procedures to prevent or limit the impact of systems failures and interruptions, there can be no assurance that such events will not occur or that they will be adequately addressed if they do. In addition, we outsource certain aspects of our data processing and other operational functions to certain third-party providers. If our third-party providers encounter difficulties, or if we have difficulty in communicating with them, our ability to adequately process and account for transactions could be affected, and our business operations could be adversely impacted. Threats to information security also exist in the processing of customer information through various other vendors and their personnel.
The occurrence of any systems failure or interruption could damage our reputation and result in a loss of customers and business, could subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or could expose us to legal liability. Any of these occurrences could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
We rely on communications, information, operating and financial control systems technology from third-party service providers, and we may suffer an interruption in those systems.
We rely heavily on third-party service providers for much of our communications, information, operating and financial control systems technology, including our online banking services and data processing systems. Any failure or interruption, or breaches in security, of these systems could result in failures or interruptions in our customer relationship management, general ledger, deposit, servicing and/or loan origination systems and, therefore, could harm our business, operating results and financial condition. Additionally, interruptions in service and security breaches could lead existing customers to terminate their banking relationships with us and could make it more difficult for us to attract new banking customers.
We operate in a highly regulated environment and our operations and income may be affected adversely by changes in laws, rules and regulations governing our operations.
We are subject to extensive regulation and supervision by the Federal Reserve Board, the OCC and the FDIC. The Federal Reserve Board regulates the supply of money and credit in the United States. Its fiscal and monetary policies determine in a large part our cost of funds for lending and investing and the return that can be earned on those loans and investments, both of which affect our net interest margin. Federal Reserve Board policies can also materially affect the value of financial instruments that we hold, such as debt securities, certain mortgage loans held for sale and mortgage servicing rights (MSRs). Its policies also can affect our borrowers, potentially increasing the risk that they may fail to repay their loans or satisfy their obligations to us. Changes in policies of the Federal Reserve Board are beyond our control and the impact of changes in those policies on our activities and results of operations can be difficult to predict.
The Company and the Bank are heavily regulated. This regulation is to protect depositors, federal deposit insurance funds and the banking system as a whole, and not stockholders. These regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the ability to impose restrictions on a bank’s operations, reclassify assets, determine the adequacy of a bank’s allowance for loan and lease losses and determine the level of deposit insurance premiums assessed.
The federal banking regulatory agencies have adopted rules to implement a new global regulatory standard on bank capital adequacy referred to as Basel III, as well as to implement the capital requirements under the Dodd-Frank Act. The new rules increase minimum capital ratios, add a new minimum common equity ratio, add a new capital conservation buffer, and change the risk-weightings of certain assets. The new rules became effective January 1, 2015, with some changes transitioned to full effectiveness over two to four years.
Congress and federal agencies continually review banking laws, regulations and policies for possible changes. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, new regulations or legislation or additional deposit insurance premiums could have a material adverse impact on our operations. Because our business is highly regulated, the laws and applicable regulations are subject to frequent change. Any new laws, rules and regulations could make compliance more difficult or expensive or otherwise adversely affect our business, financial condition or growth prospects. Such changes could subject us to additional costs, limit the types of financial services and products we may offer and/or increase the ability of non-banks to offer competing financial services and products, among other things.

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The Dodd-Frank Act and supporting regulations could have a material adverse effect on us.
The Dodd-Frank Act provides for, among other things, new restrictions and an expanded framework of regulatory oversight for financial institutions and their holding companies. These changes may result in additional restrictions on investments and other activities.
Regulations under the Dodd-Frank Act significantly impact our operations, and we expect to continue to face increased regulation. These regulations may affect the manner in which we do business and the products and services that we provide, affect or restrict our ability to compete in our current businesses or our ability to enter into or acquire new businesses, reduce or limit our revenue or impose additional fees, assessments or taxes on us, intensify the regulatory supervision of us and the financial services industry, and adversely affect our business operations. The Dodd-Frank Act, among other things, established a Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the CFPB) with broad authority to administer and enforce a new federal regulatory framework of consumer financial regulation. Many of the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act have extended implementation periods and require extensive additional rulemaking, guidance and interpretation by various regulatory agencies. The Dodd-Frank Act calls for many administrative rulemakings by various federal agencies to implement various parts of the legislation. While some rules have been finalized or issued in proposed form, many have yet to be proposed. It is impossible to predict when all such additional rules will be issued or finalized, and what the content of such rules will be. We will have to apply resources to ensure that we are in compliance with all applicable provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act and any implementing rules, which may increase our costs of operations and adversely impact our earnings. We expect that the Dodd-Frank Act, including current and future rules implementing its provisions and the interpretations of those rules, will reduce our revenues, increase our expenses, require us to change certain of our business practices, increase the regulatory supervision of us, increase our capital requirements and impose additional assessments and costs on us, and otherwise adversely affect our business.
Rulemaking changes implemented by the CFPB in particular are expected to result in higher regulatory and compliance costs that may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
As indicated above, the Dodd-Frank Act created the CFPB, a new, independent federal agency with broad rulemaking, supervisory and enforcement powers under various federal consumer financial protection laws, including the laws referenced above, fair lending laws and certain other statutes. The CFPB has examination and primary enforcement authority with respect to depository institutions with $10 billion or more in assets, their service providers and certain non-depository entities such as debt collectors and consumer reporting agencies. In the case of banks, such as the Bank, with total assets of less than $10 billion, this examination and enforcement authority is held by the institution’s primary federal banking regulator (the OCC, in the case of the Bank).
The CFPB has authority to prevent unfair, deceptive or abusive practices in connection with the offering of consumer financial products. The Dodd-Frank Act authorizes the CFPB to establish certain minimum standards for the origination of residential mortgages including a determination of the borrower’s ability to repay. In addition, the Dodd-Frank Act allows borrowers to raise certain defenses to foreclosure if they receive any loan other than a “qualified mortgage” as defined by the CFPB. The Dodd-Frank Act permits states to adopt consumer protection laws and standards that are more stringent than those adopted at the federal level and, in certain circumstances, permits state attorneys general to enforce compliance with both the state and federal laws and regulations.
The CFPB has finalized a number of significant rules which impact nearly every aspect of the lifecycle of a residential mortgage loan. Among other things, the rules adopted by the CFPB require banks to: (i) develop and implement procedures to ensure compliance with a “reasonable ability to repay” test and identify whether a loan meets a new definition for a “qualified mortgage,” in which case a rebuttable presumption exists that the creditor extending the loan has satisfied the reasonable ability to repay test; (ii) implement new or revised disclosures, policies and procedures for originating and servicing mortgages including, but not limited to, pre-loan counseling, early intervention with delinquent borrowers and specific loss mitigation procedures for loans secured by a borrower's principal residence; (iii) comply with additional restrictions on mortgage loan originator hiring and compensation; (iv) comply with new disclosure requirements and standards for appraisals and certain financial products; and (v) maintain escrow accounts for higher-priced mortgage loans for a longer period of time.
In order to comply with the CFPB rules, we have made significant changes to our residential mortgage business, including investments in technology, training of our personnel, changes in the loan products we offer, changes in compensation of our loan originators and mortgage brokers that do business with us, and a reduction in fees that we charge, We are continuing to analyze the impact that such rules may have on our business. In addition to the exercise of its rulemaking authority, the CFPB’s supervisory powers entitle the CFPB to examine institutions for violations of consumer lending laws, even in the absence of consumer complaints or damages.

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Compliance with the rules and policies adopted by the CFPB has limited the products we may permissibly offer to some or all of our customers, or limit the terms on which those products may be issued, or may adversely affect our ability to conduct our business as previously conducted, including our residential mortgage lending business. We may also be required to add compliance personnel or incur other significant compliance-related expenses. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and/or competitive position may be adversely affected as a result.
The short-term and long-term impact of the changing regulatory capital requirements and new capital rules is uncertain.
In July 2013, the FRB and the other federal bank regulatory agencies issued a final rule to revise their risk-based and leverage capital requirements and their method for calculating risk-weighted assets to make them consistent with the agreements that were reached by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. The final rule applies to all banking organizations. Among other things, the rule establishes a new common equity Tier 1 minimum capital requirement (4.5 percent of risk-weighted assets) and a higher minimum Tier 1 risk-based capital requirement (6 percent of risk-weighted assets) and assigns higher risk weightings (150 percent) to exposures that are more than 90 days past due or are on nonaccrual status and certain commercial real estate facilities that finance the acquisition, development or construction of real property. The final rule also limits a banking organization’s capital distributions and certain discretionary bonus payments if the banking organization does not hold a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5 percent of common equity tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets, which is in addition to the amount necessary to meet its minimum risk-based capital requirements. The final rule became effective for the Company and the Bank on January 1, 2015. The capital conservation buffer requirement will be phased in beginning January 1, 2016, and ending January 1, 2019, when the full capital conservation buffer requirement will be effective. An institution will be subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations will establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that can be utilized for such activities.
While our current capital levels exceed the new capital requirements, our capital levels could decrease in the future as a result of factors such as acquisitions, faster than anticipated growth, reduced earnings levels, operating losses and other factors. The application of more stringent capital requirements for us could, among other things, result in lower returns on equity, require the raising of additional capital, and result in our inability to pay dividends or repurchase shares if we were to be unable to comply with such requirements.
We are subject to federal and state and fair lending laws, and failure to comply with these laws could lead to material penalties.
Federal and state fair lending laws and regulations, such as the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act, impose nondiscriminatory lending requirements on financial institutions. The Department of Justice, CFPB and other federal and state agencies are responsible for enforcing these laws and regulations. Private parties may also have the ability to challenge an institution’s performance under fair lending laws in private class action litigation. A successful challenge to our performance under the fair lending laws and regulations could adversely impact our rating under the CRA and result in a wide variety of sanctions, including the required payment of damages and civil money penalties, injunctive relief, imposition of restrictions on merger and acquisition activity and restrictions on expansion activity, which could negatively impact our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.
Non-compliance with the Patriot Act, Bank Secrecy Act, or other laws and regulations could result in fines or sanctions or operating restrictions.
The Patriot and Bank Secrecy Acts require financial institutions to develop programs to prevent financial institutions from being used for money laundering and terrorist activities. If such activities are detected, financial institutions are obligated to file suspicious activity reports with the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. These rules require financial institutions to establish procedures for identifying and verifying the identity of customers seeking to open new financial accounts. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in fines or sanctions or restrictions that could have a material adverse effect on our strategic initiatives. Several banking institutions have received large fines, or suffered limitations on their operations, for non-compliance with these laws and regulations. Although we have developed policies and procedures designed to assist in compliance with these laws and regulations, no assurance can be given that these policies and procedures will be effective in preventing violations of these laws and regulations.

41


Increases in deposit insurance premiums and special FDIC assessments will negatively impact our earnings.
We may pay higher FDIC premiums in the future. The Dodd-Frank Act increased the minimum FDIC deposit insurance reserve ratio from 1.15 percent to 1.35 percent. The FDIC has adopted a plan under which it will meet this ratio by the statutory deadline of December 31, 2020. The Dodd-Frank Act requires the FDIC to offset the effect of the increase in the minimum reserve ratio on institutions with assets less than $10.0 billion. The FDIC has not announced how it will implement this offset. In addition to the minimum reserve ratio, the FDIC must set a designated reserve ratio. The FDIC has set a designated reserve ratio of 2.0, which exceeds the minimum reserve ratio.
As required by the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has adopted final regulations, under which insurance premiums are based on an institution’s total assets minus its Tier 1 capital instead of its deposits. Although our FDIC insurance premiums were initially reduced by these regulations, it is possible that our future insurance premiums will increase.
Our holding company relies on dividends from the Bank and The Palisades Group for substantially all of its income and the net proceeds of capital raising transactions are currently the primary source of funds for cash dividends to our preferred and common stockholders.
Our primary source of revenue at the holding company level is earnings of available cash and securities and dividends from the Bank and The Palisades Group and we currently rely on the net proceeds of capital raising transactions as the primary source of funds for cash dividends to our preferred and common stockholders. To the extent we are limited in our ability to raise capital in the future, our ability to pay cash dividends to our stockholders could likewise be limited, especially if we are unable to increase the amount of dividends the Bank pays to us. The OCC regulates and, in some cases, must approve the amounts the Bank pays as dividends to us. If either the Bank or The Palisades Group is unable to pay dividends to us, then we may not be able to service our debt, including our Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes, pay our other obligations or pay cash dividends on our preferred and common stock. Our inability to service our debt, pay our other obligations or pay dividends to our stockholders could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and the value of your investment in our securities.
We may elect or be compelled to seek additional capital in the future, but that capital may not be available when it is needed.
We are required by federal regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. At some point, we may need to raise additional capital to support continued growth, both organically and through acquisitions.
Our ability to raise additional capital, if needed, will depend on conditions in the capital markets, economic conditions and a number of other factors, many of which are outside our control, and on our financial performance. Accordingly, we cannot assure you of our ability to raise additional capital if needed or on terms acceptable to us. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed, our ability to further expand our operations through organic growth and acquisitions could be materially impaired and our financial condition and liquidity could be materially and adversely affected.
The Company has a significant deferred tax asset that may or may not be fully realized.
The Company has a significant deferred tax asset (DTA) and cannot assure that it will be fully realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the expected future tax amounts for the temporary differences between the carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities computed using enacted tax rates. If we determine that we will not achieve sufficient future taxable income to realize our net deferred tax asset, we are required under generally accepted accounting principles to establish a full or partial valuation allowance. If we determine that a valuation allowance is necessary, we are required to incur a charge to operations. We regularly assess available positive and negative evidence to determine whether it is more likely than not that our net deferred tax asset will be realized. Realization of a deferred tax asset requires us to apply significant judgment and is inherently speculative because it requires estimates that cannot be made with certainty. At December 31, 2014, the Company had a net deferred tax asset of $16.4 million.
Our ability to utilize our DTA to offset future taxable income may be significantly limited if the Company experiences an “ownership change” under the Internal Revenue Code.
At December 31, 2014, the Company had net DTA of $16.4 million. The Company’s ability to utilize its DTA to offset future taxable income may be significantly limited if the Company experiences an “ownership change” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, referred to herein as the Code. In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative change in the Company’s ownership by “5-percent or more stockholders” (as defined in the Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. If this were to occur, the Company would be subject to an annual

42


limitation on its pre-ownership change DTA equal to the value of the corporation immediately before the ownership change, provided that the annual limitation would be increased each year to the extent that there is an unused limitation in a prior year.
We may experience future goodwill impairment.
If our estimates of the fair value of our goodwill change as a result of changes in our business or other factors, we may determine that an impairment charge is necessary. Estimates of fair value are based on a complex model using, among other things, estimated cash flows and industry pricing multiples. Based on the Company's 2014 goodwill impairment testing, the fair values of the three reporting units, commercial banking, mortgage banking and financial advisory and asset management, were in excess of their carrying value. If the fair values of the three reporting units were less than their book value of total common stockholders' equity for an extended period of time, the Company would consider this and other factors, including the anticipated cash flows of each of the reporting units, to determine whether goodwill is impaired. No assurance can be given that the Company will not record an impairment loss on goodwill in the future and any such impairment loss could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
Changes in accounting standards may affect our performance.
Our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. From time to time there are changes in the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of our financial statements. These changes can be difficult to predict and can materially impact how we report and record our financial condition and results of operations. In some cases, we could be required to apply a new or revised standard retroactively, resulting in a retrospective adjustment to prior financial statements.
New lines of business or new products and services may subject us to additional risks.
From time to time, we may seek to implement new lines of business or offer new products and services within existing lines of business. There are substantial risks and uncertainties associated with these efforts, particularly in instances where the markets are not fully developed. In developing and marketing new lines of business and/or new products and services, we may invest significant time and resources. Initial timetables for the introduction and development of new lines of business and/or new products or services may not be achieved, and price and profitability targets may not prove feasible, which could in turn have a material negative effect on our operating results. New lines of business and/or new products or services also could subject us to additional regulatory requirements, increased scrutiny by our regulators and other legal risks.
Strong competition within our market areas may limit our growth and profitability.
Competition in the banking and financial services industry is intense. In our market areas, we compete with commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage brokerage firms, credit unions, finance companies, mutual funds, insurance companies, and brokerage and investment banking firms operating locally and elsewhere. Many of these competitors have substantially greater name recognition, resources and lending limits than we do and may offer certain services or prices for services that we do not or cannot provide. Our profitability depends upon our continued ability to successfully compete in our markets. In addition, our future success will depend, in part, upon our ability to address the needs of our clients by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy client demands for convenience, as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. We may not be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services or be successful in marketing these products and services to our clients.
Anti-takeover provisions could negatively impact our stockholders.
Provisions in our charter and bylaws, the corporate law of the State of Maryland and federal regulations could delay, defer or prevent a third party from acquiring us, despite the possible benefit to our stockholders, or otherwise adversely affect the market price of any class of our equity securities. These provisions include: a prohibition on voting shares of common stock beneficially owned in excess of 10 percent of total shares outstanding, supermajority voting requirements for certain business combinations with any person who beneficially owns more than 10 percent of our outstanding common stock; the election of directors to staggered terms of three years; advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our Board of Directors and for proposing matters that stockholders may act on at stockholder meetings, a requirement that only directors may fill a vacancy in our Board of Directors, supermajority voting requirements to remove any of our directors and the other provisions of our charter. Our charter also authorizes our Board of Directors to issue preferred stock, and preferred stock could be issued as a defensive measure in response to a takeover proposal. In addition, pursuant to federal banking regulations, as a general

43


matter, no person or company, acting individually or in concert with others, may acquire more than 10 percent of our common stock without prior approval from the our federal banking regulator.
These provisions may discourage potential takeover attempts, discourage bids for our common stock at a premium over market price or adversely affect the market price of, and the voting and other rights of the holders of, our common stock. These provisions could also discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for holders of our common stock to elect directors other than the candidates nominated by our Board of Directors.
We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service our debt obligations, including our obligations under the Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes.
Our ability to make payments on and to refinance our indebtedness, including the Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes, will depend on our financial and operating performance, which is subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to certain financial, business and other factors beyond our control. We may be unable to maintain a level of cash flows from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness, including the Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes.
If our cash flows and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations, we may be unable to provide new loans, other products or to fund our obligations to existing customers and otherwise implement our business plans, or to sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance our indebtedness, including the Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes. As a result, we may be unable to meet our scheduled debt service obligations. In the absence of sufficient operating results and resources, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations to meet our debt service and other obligations. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions of assets or to obtain the proceeds that we could realize from them and these proceeds may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due.
Our debt level may harm our financial condition and results of operations.
As of December 31, 2014, we had $633.0 million of advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank, $84.8 million in Senior Notes and $12.5 million in junior subordinated amortizing notes. We also had 82,250 shares of preferred stock outstanding, with a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, issued and outstanding. Our level of indebtedness could have important consequences to you, because:
It could affect our ability to satisfy our financial obligations, including those relating to the Senior Notes and junior subordinated amortizing notes;
A portion of our cash flows from operations will have to be dedicated to interest and principal payments and may not be available for operations, working capital, capital expenditures, expansion, acquisitions or general corporate or other purposes;
It may impair our ability to obtain additional financing in the future;
It may limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and industry; and
It may make us more vulnerable to downturns in our business, our industry or the economy in general.
Our business could be negatively affected as a result of actions of activist stockholders.
Campaigns by stockholders to effect changes at publicly traded companies are sometimes led by investors seeking to increase short-term stockholder value through various corporate actions. We have had activist investors acquire ownership positions in our common stock and initiate communications with us or others in order to pursue action we believe is designed to benefit them in a manner that may come at our expense or be to the detriment of other stockholders. Responding to actions by activist stockholders can disrupt our operations, adversely affect our profitability or business prospects, and divert the attention of management and our employees from executing our strategic plan discussed under “Item 1. Business-Strategy.” Any perceived uncertainties as to our future direction or strategy arising from activist stockholder initiatives could also cause increased reputational, operational, financial, regulatory and other risks, harm our ability to raise new capital, or adversely affect the market price or increase the volatility of our securities.

44


Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Not applicable.
Item 2. Properties
As of December 31, 2014, the Company conducts its operations from its main and executive offices at 18500 Von Karman Avenue, Suite 1100, Irvine, California, 37 branch offices in Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego counties, and 67 loan production offices in California, Arizona, Oregon, Virginia, Indiana, Maryland, Colorado, Idaho, and Nevada. On November 8, 2014, the Company acquired 20 full-service branches with certain real properties from BPNA in the Southern California banking market. See further discussion in Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time we are involved as plaintiff or defendant in various legal actions arising in the normal course of business. We do not anticipate incurring any material liability as a result of such currently pending litigation.
As previously reported in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, on December 14, 2011, CMG Financial Services, Inc. (CMG) initiated a patent lawsuit against Pacific Trust Bank, the predecessor of the Bank, in the United States District Court for the Central District of California (the Court) alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 7,627,509 (the Action) relating to the origination and servicing of loans with characteristics similar to the Bank’s Green Accounts, a product that the Bank no longer originates. On September 19, 2014, the Court entered final judgment in favor of the Bank, declaring CMG’s patent invalid and dismissing the suit against the Bank, with prejudice. On September 25, 2014, CMG filed a notice of appeal of the final judgment with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. On January 27, 2015, CMG filed its opening brief in the appeal and the Bank’s opposition to the appeal is due April 16, 2015. The Company and its counsel believe the appeal is without merit and the resolution of the matter is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations, though no assurance can be given in this regard.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable

45


PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The Company’s voting common stock (symbol BANC) has been listed on the NYSE since May 29, 2014 and prior to that date was listed on the NASDAQ Global Market. The Company’s Class B Non-Voting Common Stock is not listed or traded on any national securities exchange or automated quotation system, and there currently is no established trading market for such stock. The approximate number of holders of record of the Company’s voting common stock as of December 31, 2014 was 1,824. Certain shares are held in “nominee” or “street” name and accordingly, the number of beneficial owners of such shares is not known or included in the foregoing number. There was one holder of record of the Company’s Class B Non-Voting Common Stock as of December 31, 2014. At December 31, 2014 there were 35,829,763 shares and 34,190,740 shares of voting common stock issued and outstanding, respectively, and 609,195 shares of Class B non-voting common stock issued and outstanding. The following table presents quarterly market information for the Company’s voting common stock for the two years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.
 
Market Price Range
 
 
 
High
 
Low
 
Dividends
Quarter ended December 31, 2014
$
11.85

 
$
10.47

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended September 30, 2014
$
12.28

 
$
10.64

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended June 30, 2014
$
12.71

 
$
9.78

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended March 31, 2014
$
13.84

 
$
12.00

 
$
0.12

 
 
 
 
 
$
0.48

 
 
Quarter ended December 31, 2013
$
14.57

 
$
12.45

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended September 30, 2013
$
15.54

 
$
13.24

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended June 30, 2013
$
13.86

 
$
11.06

 
$
0.12

Quarter ended March 31, 2013
$
12.33

 
$
10.26

 
$
0.12

 
 
 
 
 
$
0.48

Dividend Policy
The timing and amount of cash dividends paid to the Company’s preferred and common stockholders depends on the Company’s earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and other relevant factors. The ability of Banc of California, Inc. to pay cash dividends to its preferred and common stockholders depends, in large part, upon its receipt of dividends from the Bank and The Palisades Group, because Banc of California, Inc. has limited sources of income other than dividends from the Bank and The Palisades Group. There were no dividends paid from the Bank to Banc of California, Inc. during 2014. For a description of the regulatory restrictions on the ability of the Bank to pay dividends to Banc of California, Inc., and on the ability of Banc of California, Inc. to pay dividends to its stockholders, see “Regulation and Supervision” in Item 1.
As of December 31, 2014, the Company had 82,250 shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding, consisting of 32,000 shares of Senior Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A, liquidation amount $1,000 per share (Series A Preferred Stock), 10,000 shares of Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series B, liquidation amount $1,000 per share (Series B Preferred Stock), and 40,250 shares of 8.00 percent Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series C, liquidation amount $1,000 per share (Series C Preferred Stock and together with the Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock, the Preferred Stock). Each series of the Preferred Stock ranks equally (pari passu) with each other series of the Preferred Stock and senior to our common stock in the payment of dividends and in the distribution of assets on any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of Banc of California, Inc.

46


Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table presents information for the three months ended December 31, 2014 with respect to repurchases by the Company of its common stock: 
 
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer
 
 
Period
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Weighted
Average
Price Paid
Per Share
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of 
Publicly
Announced 
Plans
 
Total Number
of Shares
That May Yet
be Purchased
Under the
Plan
From October 1, 2014 to October 31, 2014

 
$

 

 
897,958

From November 1, 2014 to November 30, 2014

 
$

 

 
897,958

From December 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014

 
$

 

 
897,958

Total

 
$

 

 
 
The Company has a practice of buying back stock for tax purposes pertaining to employee benefit plans, and does not count these purchases toward the allotment of the shares. The Company has not purchased any shares during the three months ended December 31, 2014 related to tax liability sales for employee stock benefit plans.
Issuance of Shares Related to CS Financial Acquisition
Effective October 31, 2013, the Company acquired CS Financial, a California corporation and Southern California-based mortgage banking firm controlled by former Company director and current Bank executive Jeffrey T. Seabold and in which certain relatives and entities affiliated with the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Steven A. Sugarman also owned certain minority, non-controlling interests. As part of the acquisition consideration, upon achievement of certain performance targets by the Bank’s lending activities following the acquisition of CS Financial, the Company is obligated to issue up to 92,781 shares (Performance Shares). On October 31, 2014, the Company issued an aggregate of 30,925 of the Performance Shares. The issuance and sale of the 30,925 shares was exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act as a transaction not involving any public offering. For additional information regarding this transaction and the individuals who received the 30,925 Performance Shares on October 31, 2014, see Note 25 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.



47


Stock Performance Graph
The following graph and related discussion are being furnished solely to accompany this Annual Report on Form 10-K pursuant to Item 201(e) of Regulation S-K and shall not be deemed to be “soliciting materials” or to be “filed” with the SEC (other than as provided in Item 201) nor shall this information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language contained therein, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into a filing.
The following graph shows a comparison of stockholder return on Banc of California, Inc.’s voting common stock with the cumulative total returns for: (i) the NYSE Composite Index; (ii) the NASDAQ Composite (U.S.) Index; (iii) the Standard and Poor’s (S&P) 500 Financials Index; and (iv) the KBW Bank Index. The graph assumes an initial investment of $100 and reinvestment of dividends. The graph is historical only and may not be indicative of possible future performance.
 
Period Ending
Index
12/31/2009
 
12/31/2010
 
12/31/2011
 
12/31/2012
 
12/31/2013
 
12/31/2014
Banc of California, Inc.
100.00

 
254.88

 
203.60

 
253.80

 
287.92

 
256.51

NYSE Composite
100.00

 
110.84

 
104.07

 
117.52

 
144.75

 
150.86

NASDAQ Composite (1)
100.00

 
116.91

 
114.81

 
133.07

 
184.06

 
208.71

S&P 500 Financials
100.00

 
112.12

 
93.00

 
119.79

 
162.47

 
187.17

KBW Bank Index
100.00

 
122.24

 
92.20

 
120.07

 
162.16

 
173.87

(1)
The NASDAQ Composite (U.S.) Index was used in the Company's last performance graph, and is used again in this performance graph, because the listing of the Company's voting common stock moved from the NASDAQ Global Market to the New York Stock Exchange effective May 29, 2014.

48


Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following table sets forth certain consolidated financial and other data of the Company at the dates and for the periods indicated. The information set forth below should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included herein at Item 7 and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included herein at Item 8. 
 
As of or For the Year Ended December 31,
 
2014 (5)
 
2013 (6)
 
2012 (7)
 
2011
 
2010
 
($ in thousands, except per share data)
Selected financial condition data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
5,971,571

 
$
3,628,023

 
$
1,682,702

 
$
999,041

 
$
861,621

Cash and cash equivalents
231,199

 
110,118

 
108,643

 
44,475

 
59,100

Loans and leases receivable, net
3,919,642

 
2,427,306

 
1,234,023

 
775,609

 
678,175

Loans held for sale
1,187,090

 
716,733

 
113,158

 

 

Other real estate owned, net
423

 

 
4,527

 
14,692

 
6,562

Securities available-for-sale
345,695

 
170,022

 
121,419

 
101,616

 
64,790

Bank owned life insurance
19,095

 
18,881

 
18,704

 
18,451

 
18,151

Time deposits in financial institutions
1,900

 
1,846

 
5,027

 

 

FHLB and other bank stock
42,241

 
22,600

 
8,842

 
6,972

 
8,323

Deposits
4,671,831

 
2,918,644

 
1,306,342

 
786,334

 
646,308

Total borrowings
726,569

 
332,320

 
156,935

 
20,000

 
75,000

Total stockholders' equity
503,589

 
324,869

 
188,757

 
184,495

 
136,009

Selected operations data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total interest income
$
188,139

 
$
120,511

 
$
55,031

 
$
35,177

 
$
40,944

Total interest expense
32,862

 
23,282

 
8,479

 
6,037

 
10,788

Net interest income
155,277

 
97,229

 
46,552

 
29,140

 
30,156

Provision for loan and lease losses
10,976

 
7,963

 
5,500

 
5,388

 
8,957

Net interest income after provision for loan and lease losses
144,301

 
89,266

 
41,052

 
23,752

 
21,199

Total non-interest income
145,637

 
96,743

 
36,619

 
4,913

 
4,879

Total non-interest expense
264,161

 
178,670

 
71,560

 
31,689

 
22,217

Income/(loss) before income taxes
25,777

 
7,339

 
6,111

 
(3,024
)
 
3,861

Income tax (benefit)/expense
(4,541
)
 
7,260

 
115

 
(296
)
 
1,036

Net income/(loss)
30,318

 
79

 
5,996

 
(2,728
)
 
2,825

Dividends paid on preferred stock
3,640

 
2,185

 
1,359

 
534

 
960

Net income/(loss) available to common stockholders
26,678

 
(2,106
)
 
4,637

 
(3,262
)
 
1,865

Basic earnings/(loss) per total common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

 
$
(0.31
)
 
$
0.37

Diluted earnings/(loss) per total common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

 
$
(0.31
)
 
$
0.37

Performance ratios:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average assets (1)
0.70
%
 
%
 
0.45
%
 
(0.31
)%
 
0.32
%
Return on average equity
7.33
%
 
0.03
%
 
3.17
%
 
(1.71
)%
 
2.59
%
Dividend payout ratio (2)
52.75
%
 
%
 
120.00
%
 
 %
 
67.57
%
Net interest spread
3.54
%
 
3.49
%
 
3.49
%
 
3.31
 %
 
3.38
%
Net interest margin (3)
3.72
%
 
3.67
%
 
3.69
%
 
3.48
 %
 
3.58
%
Ratio of operating expense to average total assets
6.07
%
 
6.44
%
 
5.33
%
 
3.54
 %
 
2.50
%
Efficiency ratio (4)
87.79
%
 
92.11
%
 
86.04
%
 
93.06
 %
 
63.41
%
Ratio of average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities
122.06
%
 
121.07
%
 
127.14
%
 
124.20
 %
 
115.23
%
Asset quality ratios:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for loan and lease losses (ALLL)
$
29,480

 
$
18,805

 
$
14,448

 
$
12,780

 
$
14,637

Nonperforming loans and leases
$
38,381

 
$
31,648

 
$
22,993

 
$
19,254

 
$
38,830


49


Nonperforming assets
$
38,804

 
$
31,648

 
$
27,520

 
$
33,946

 
$
45,392

Nonperforming assets to total assets
0.65
%
 
0.87
%
 
1.64
%
 
3.40
 %
 
5.27
%
ALLL to nonperforming loans and leases
76.81
%
 
59.42
%
 
62.84
%
 
66.38
 %
 
37.70
%
ALLL to total loans and leases
0.75
%
 
0.77
%
 
1.16
%
 
1.62
 %
 
2.11
%
Capital Ratios:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total stockholders' equity to total assets
8.43
%
 
8.95
%
 
11.22
%
 
18.47
 %
 
15.79
%
Average equity to average assets
9.51
%
 
9.55
%
 
14.11
%
 
17.89
 %
 
12.25
%
 
(1)
Not meaningful for the year ended December 31, 2013 due to the amount of net income for the year.
(2)
Ratio of dividends declared per common shares to basic earnings per common share. Not applicable for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2011 due to the net loss attributable to common stockholders for the years.
(3)
Net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.
(4)
Efficiency ratio represents noninterest expense as a percentage of net interest income plus noninterest income.
(5)
The Company completed its acquisition of RenovationReady and the BPNA Branch Acquisition on January 31, 2014 and November 8, 2014, respectively.
(6)
The Company completed its acquisitions of PBOC, The Palisades Group and CS Financial on July 1, 2013, September 10, 2013 and October 31, 2013, respectively.
(7)
The Company completed its acquisitions of Beach and Gateway on July 1, 2012 and August 18, 2012, respectively.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Return on Average Tangible Common Equity
Return on average tangible common equity is supplemental financial information determined by a method other than in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This non-GAAP measure is used by management in its analysis of the Company's performance. Average tangible common equity is calculated by subtracting average preferred stock, average goodwill, and average other intangible assets from average stockholders’ equity. Banking and financial institution regulators also exclude goodwill and other intangible assets from stockholders’ equity when assessing the capital adequacy of a financial institution. Management believes the presentation of this financial measure excluding the impact of these items provides useful supplemental information that is essential to a proper understanding of the financial results of the Company, as it provides a method to assess management’s success in utilizing tangible capital. This disclosure should not be viewed as a substitution for results determined in accordance with GAAP, nor is it necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures that may be presented by other companies.
The following table reconciles this non-GAAP performance measure to the GAAP performance measure for the periods indicated:
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
($ in thousands)
Average total shareholders' equity
$
413,454

 
$
264,818

 
$
189,411

 
$
159,959

 
$
108,969

Less average preferred stock
(79,877
)
 
(56,284
)
 
(31,934
)
 
(10,849
)
 
(15,955
)
Less average goodwill
(32,326
)
 
(15,872
)
 
(3,517
)
 

 

Less average other intangible assets
(11,739
)
 
(9,580
)
 
(2,723
)
 

 

Average tangible common equity
$
289,512

 
$
183,082

 
$
151,237

 
$
149,110

 
$
93,014

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
30,318

 
$
79

 
$
5,996

 
$
(2,728
)
 
$
2,825

Less preferred stock dividends
(3,640
)
 
(2,185
)
 
(1,359
)
 
(534
)
 
(960
)
Add amortization of intangible assets, net of tax (1)
2,651

 
1,723

 
452

 

 

Add impairment on intangible assets, net of tax (1)
31

 
690

 

 

 

Adjusted net income (loss)
$
29,360

 
$
307

 
$
5,089

 
$
(3,262
)
 
$
1,865

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average equity
7.33
%
 
0.03
%
 
3.17
%
 
(1.71
)%
 
2.59
%
Return on average tangible common equity
10.14
%
 
0.17
%
 
3.36
%
 
(2.19
)%
 
2.01
%
(1) Utilized a 35 percent tax rate

50


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Critical Accounting Policies
The Company follows accounting and reporting policies and procedures that conform, in all material respects, to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and to practices generally applicable to the financial services industry, the most significant of which are described in Note 1 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. The preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make judgments and accounting estimates that affect the amounts reported for assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes, and amounts disclosed as contingent assets and liabilities. While the Company bases estimates on historical experience, current information and other factors deemed to be relevant, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounting estimates are necessary in the application of certain accounting policies and procedures that are particularly susceptible to significant change. Critical accounting policies are defined as those that require the most complex or subjective judgment and are reflective of significant uncertainties, and could potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. Management has identified the Company's most critical accounting policies and accounting estimates, which have been discussed with the appropriate committees of the Board of Directors, as follows:
Securities
Under FASB Codification Topic 320 (ASC 320), Investments-Debt and Equity Securities, investment securities must be classified as held-to-maturity, available-for-sale or trading. Management determines the appropriate classification at the time of purchase. The classification of securities is significant since it directly impacts the accounting for unrealized gains and losses on securities. Debt securities are classified as held-to-maturity and carried at amortized cost when management has the positive intent and the Company has the ability to hold the securities to maturity. Securities not classified as held-to-maturity are classified as available-for-sale and are carried at fair value, with the unrealized holding gains and losses, net of tax, reported in other comprehensive income (loss) and do not affect earnings until realized unless a decline in fair value below amortized cost is considered to be other than temporarily impaired (OTTI).
The fair values of the Company’s securities are generally determined by reference to quoted prices from reliable independent sources utilizing observable inputs. Certain of the Company’s fair values of securities are determined using models whose significant value drivers or assumptions are unobservable and are significant to the fair value of the securities. These models are utilized when quoted prices are not available for certain securities or in markets where trading activity has slowed or ceased. When quoted prices are not available and are not provided by third party pricing services, management judgment is necessary to determine fair value. As such, fair value is determined using discounted cash flow analysis models, incorporating default rates, estimation of prepayment characteristics and implied volatilities.
The Company evaluates all securities on a quarterly basis, and more frequently when economic conditions warrant additional evaluations, for determining if other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) exists pursuant to guidelines established in ASC 320. In evaluating the possible impairment of securities, consideration is given to the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, the financial conditions and near-term prospects of the issuer, and the ability and intent of the Company to retain its investment in the issuer for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. In analyzing an issuer’s financial condition, the Company may consider whether the securities are issued by the federal government or its agencies or government sponsored agencies, whether downgrades by bond rating agencies have occurred, and the results of reviews of the issuer’s financial condition.
If management determines that an investment experienced an OTTI, management must then determine the amount of the OTTI to be recognized in earnings. If management does not intend to sell the security and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis less any current period loss, the OTTI will be separated into the amount representing the credit loss and the amount related to all other factors. The amount of OTTI related to the credit loss is determined based on the present value of cash flows expected to be collected and is recognized in earnings. The amount of the OTTI related to other factors will be recognized in other comprehensive income (loss), net of applicable taxes. The previous amortized cost basis less the OTTI recognized in earnings will become the new amortized cost basis of the investment. If management intends to sell the security or more likely than not will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis less any current period credit loss, the OTTI will be recognized in earnings equal to the entire difference between the investment’s amortized cost basis and its fair value at the balance sheet date. Any recoveries related to the value of these securities are recorded as an unrealized gain (as other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity) and not recognized in income until the security is ultimately sold.

51


The Company from time to time may dispose of an impaired security in response to asset/liability management decisions, future market movements, business plan changes, or if the net proceeds can be reinvested at a rate of return that is expected to recover the loss within a reasonable period of time.
Purchased Credit-Impaired Loans and Leases
The Company purchases loans and leases with and without evidence of credit quality deterioration since origination. Evidence of credit quality deterioration as of the purchase date may include statistics such as prior loan or lease modification history, updated borrower credit scores and updated loan or lease-to-value (LTV) ratios, some of which are not immediately available as of the purchase date. Purchased loans and leases with evidence of credit quality deterioration where the Company estimates that it will not receive all contractual payments are accounted for as purchased credit impaired loans and leases (PCI loans and leases). The excess of the cash flows expected to be collected on PCI loans and leases, measured as of the acquisition date, over the estimated fair value is referred to as the accretable yield and is recognized in interest income over the remaining life of the loan or lease using a level yield methodology. The difference between contractually required payments as of the acquisition date and the cash flows expected to be collected is referred to as the non-accretable difference. PCI loans and leases that have similar risk characteristics, primarily credit risk, collateral type and interest rate risk, are pooled and accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and an aggregate expectation of cash flows.
The Company estimates cash flows expected to be collected over the life of the loan or lease using management’s best estimate of current key assumptions such as default rates, loss severity and payment speeds. If, upon subsequent evaluation, the Company determines it is probable that the present value of the expected cash flows have decreased, the PCI loan or lease is considered further impaired which will result in a charge to the provision for loan and lease losses and a corresponding increase to a valuation allowance included in the allowance for loan and lease losses. If, upon subsequent evaluation, it is probable that there is an increase in the present value of the expected cash flows, the Company will reduce any remaining valuation allowance. If there is no remaining valuation allowance, the Company will recalculate the amount of accretable yield as the excess of the revised expected cash flows over the current carrying value resulting in a reclassification from nonaccretable difference to accretable yield. The present value of the expected cash flows for PCI purchased loan pools is determined using the PCI loans’ effective interest rate, adjusted for changes in the PCI loans’ interest rate indexes. The present value of the expected cash flows for PCI loans and leases acquired through mergers with other banks includes, in addition to the above, an evaluation of the credit worthiness of the borrower. Loan and lease dispositions, which may include sales of loans and leases, receipt of payments in full from the borrower or foreclosure, result in removal of the loan or lease from the PCI loan or lease pool. Write-downs are not recorded on the PCI loan or lease pool until actual losses exceed the remaining nonaccretable difference.
Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses
The allowance for loan and lease losses is a reserve established through a provision for loan and lease loses charged to expense, and represents management’s best estimate of probable losses that may be incurred within the existing loan and lease portfolio as of the balance sheet date. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance. The Company performs an analysis of the adequacy of the allowance at least on a quarterly basis. Management estimates the allowance balance required using past loan and lease loss experience, the nature and volume of the portfolio, information about specific borrower situations and estimated collateral values, economic conditions, and other factors. Allocations of the allowance may be made for specific loans and leases, but the entire allowance is available for any loan or lease that, in management’s judgment, should be charged off. While management utilizes its best judgment and information available, the ultimate adequacy of the allowance for loan and lease losses is dependent upon a variety of factors beyond the Company’s control, including performance of the Company’s loan portfolio, the economy, changes in interest rates, and regulatory authorities altering their loan classification guidance.
The allowance consists of three elements: (i) specific valuation allowances established for probable losses on impaired loans and leases, (ii) quantitative valuation allowances calculated using loss experience for like loans and leases with similar characteristics and trends, adjusted, as necessary to reflect the impact of current conditions; and (iii) qualitative allowances based on environmental and other factors that may be internal or external to the Company.
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company enhanced the current methodologies, processes and controls over the allowance for loan and lease losses (ALLL), due to the Company's organic and acquisitive growth and changing profile.
The following is a synopsis of the enhancements for each component of ALLL:
Expand the look-back period to 28 rolling quarters to capture a full economic cycle.
Utilize net historical losses versus gross historical losses.

52


Expand the peer group used to determine industry average loss history to include three industry groups; 1) all U.S. financial and bank holding companies, 2) all California financial and bank holding companies, 3) the peer group average from the Uniform Bank Performance Report.
Apply a segment specific loss emergence period to each segment's loss rate.
Determine qualitative reserves is calculated at each loan segment level based on a baseline risk weighting adjusted for current risks, trends and business conditions.
Disaggregate certain qualitative factors to be determined on the portfolio segment level.
These enhancements resulted in an increase of $264 thousand in the ALLL as compared to what it would have been using the old methodology at December 31, 2014.
Mortgage Loan Repurchase Obligations and Reserve for Loss on Repurchased Loans
In the ordinary course of business, as loans held for sale are sold, the Bank makes standard industry representations and warranties about the loans. The Bank may have to subsequently repurchase certain loans or reimburse certain investor losses due to defects that occurred in the origination of the loans. Such defects include documentation or underwriting errors. In addition, certain investor contracts require the Bank to repurchase loans from previous whole loan sales transactions that experience early payment defaults. If there are no such defects or early payment defaults, the Bank has no commitment to repurchase loans that it has sold. The level of reserve for loss on repurchased loans is an estimate that requires considerable management judgment. The Bank’s reserve is based upon the expected future repurchase trends for loans already sold in whole loan sale transactions and the expected valuation of such loans when repurchased, and include first and second trust deed loans. At the point the loans are repurchased, the associated reserves are transferred to the allowance for loan and lease losses. At the point when loss reimbursements are made directly to the investor, the reserve for loss on repurchased loans is charged for the losses incurred.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill resulting from business combinations is generally determined as the excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred, plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interests in the acquiree, over the fair value of the net assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date. Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a purchase business combination and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized, but are periodically evaluated for impairment at the reporting unit level. Intangible assets with definite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values.
In accordance with ASU 2011-08 Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), an entity is not required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit unless the entity determines that it is more likely than not that its fair value is less than its carrying amount. In other words, before the first step of the existing guidance, the entity has the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that the fair value of goodwill is less than carrying value. The qualitative assessment includes adverse events or circumstances identified that could negatively affect the reporting units’ fair value as well as positive and mitigating events. Such indicators may include, among others: a significant change in legal factors or in the general business climate; significant change in the Company’s stock price and market capitalization; unanticipated competition; and an action or assessment by a regulator. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, an entity determines it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then performing the two-step process is unnecessary. The entity has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment step for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to the first step of the exiting two-step process. The entity can resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period.
The first step of the goodwill impairment test is performed, when considered necessary, by comparing the reporting unit’s aggregate fair value to its carrying value. Absent other indicators of impairment, if the aggregate fair value exceeds the carrying value, goodwill is not considered impaired and no additional analysis is necessary. If the carrying value of the reporting unit were to exceed the aggregate fair value, a second step would be performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. To measure any impairment loss the implied fair value would be determined in the same manner as if the reporting unit were being acquired in a business combination. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the recorded goodwill, an impairment charge would be recorded for the difference.
The Company tests its goodwill for impairment annually as of August 31 (the Measurement Date). At the Measurement Date, the Company, in accordance with ASC 350-20-35-3, evaluated, based on the weight of evidence, the significance of all qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying

53


amount. The assessment of qualitative factors at the Measurement Date indicated that it is not more likely than not that impairment existed; as a result no further testing was performed.
The Company realigned its management reporting structure at December 31, 2014 and, accordingly, its segment reporting structure and goodwill reporting units. In connection with the realignment, management reallocated goodwill to the new reporting unit using a relative fair value approach. The carrying value of goodwill allocated to the reportable segments was $29.5 million and $2.1 million to Commercial Banking segment and Mortgage Banking segment, respectively, at December 31, 2014.
Determining the fair value of a reporting unit involves several management estimates, including developing a discounted cash flow valuation model which utilizes variables such as revenue growth rates, expense trends, discount rates, and terminal values. Based upon an evaluation of key data and market factors, management selects from a range, the specific variables to be incorporated into the valuation model. Projected future cash flows are discounted using estimated rates based on the Capital Asset Pricing Model, which considers the risk-free interest rate, market risk premium, beta, and unsystematic risk and size premium adjustments specific to the reporting unit. The Company utilizes both an income approach and a market approach to arrive at an indicated fair value range for the reporting unit. The comparable company method and transaction method is used to corroborate the income approach, giving an indication of the fair value of equity of the reporting units, by including banks with significant geographic or product line overlap to the Company and its reporting units.

There was no impairment indicated as a result of the Step 1 test performed as of December 31, 2014. The fair value of the Commercial Banking and Mortgage Banking reporting units where goodwill resides significantly exceeded the carrying value at December 31, 2014.
Even though there was no goodwill impairment at December 31, 2014, adverse events may impact the recoverability of goodwill and could result in a future impairment charge which could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Other intangible assets consist of core deposit intangibles, customer relationship intangibles, and trade name intangibles arising from whole bank and their subsidiaries acquisitions, and are generally amortized on an accelerated method over their estimated useful lives of 2-10 years and 1-20 years, respectively. Trade name intangibles are indefinite lived and evaluated for impairment on an annual basis or more if necessary.
Deferred Income Taxes
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Accounting guidance requires that companies assess whether a valuation allowance should be established against the deferred tax assets based on the consideration of all available evidence using a “more likely than not” standard.
Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. In assessing the realization of deferred tax assets, management evaluates both positive and negative evidence, including the existence of any cumulative losses in the current year and the prior two years, the amount of taxes paid in available carry-back years, the forecasts of future income and tax planning strategies.
At December 31, 2014, the Company had no valuation allowance and had a net deferred tax asset of $16.4 million. At December 31, 2013, the Company had a valuation allowance of $17.3 million, resulting in a net deferred tax asset of $0.

54


Executive Overview
This overview of management’s discussion and analysis highlights selected information in the financial results of the Company. For a more complete understanding of trends, commitments, uncertainties, liquidity, capital resources and critical accounting policies and estimates, you should carefully read this entire document. Each of these items could have an impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
Banc of California, Inc. is a financial holding company and the parent of Banc of California, National Association, a national bank (the Bank), The Palisades Group, LLC, an SEC-registered investment advisor that provides financial advisory and asset management services to third parties, including the Bank, with respect to the purchase, sale and management of residential mortgage loans (The Palisades Group), and PTB Property Holdings, LLC, an entity formed to hold real estate, cash and fixed income investments (PTB). Prior to October 11, 2013, Banc of California, Inc. was a multi-bank holding company with two banking subsidiaries, Pacific Trust Bank, a federal savings bank (PacTrust Bank or Pacific Trust Bank) and The Private Bank of California (Beach Business Bank prior to July 1, 2013). On October 11, 2013, Banc of California, Inc. became a one-bank holding company when Pacific Trust Bank converted from a federal savings bank to a national bank and changed its name to Banc of California, National Association, and immediately thereafter The Private Bank of California was merged into Banc of California, National Association. On January 17, 2014, Banc of California, Inc. became a financial holding company.
The Company was incorporated under Maryland law in March 2002, and in July 2013, the Company changed its name from “First PacTrust Bancorp, Inc.” to “Banc of California, Inc.” As noted above, in October 2013, the Company’s subsidiary banks merged to form a single, national bank subsidiary under the name Banc of California, National Association. The Bank has one wholly owned subsidiary, CS Financial, Inc., which was acquired on October 31, 2013.
Banc of California, Inc. is subject to regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve Board or FRB), and the Bank is subject to regulation primarily by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). As a financial holding company, Banc of California, Inc. may engage in activities permissible for bank holding companies and may engage in other activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature, primarily securities, insurance and merchant banking activities.
The Bank offers a variety of financial services to meet the banking and financial needs of the communities we serve. The Bank is headquartered in Orange County, California and as of December 31, 2014, the Bank operated 37 branches in San Diego, Orange, and Los Angeles Counties in California and 67 loan production offices in California, Arizona, Oregon, Virginia, Indiana, Maryland, Colorado, Idaho, and Nevada.
The principal business of the Bank consists of attracting retail deposits from the general public and investing these funds primarily in commercial, consumer and real estate secured loans. The Bank solicits deposits in its market area and, to a lesser extent, from institutional depositors nationwide and may accept brokered deposits.
The Bank’s deposit product and service offerings include checking, savings, money market, certificates of deposit, retirement accounts as well as mobile, online, cash and treasury management, card payment services, remote deposit, ACH origination, employer/employee retirement planning, telephone banking, automated bill payment, electronic statements, safe deposit boxes, direct deposit and wire transfers. Bank customers also have the ability to access their accounts through a nationwide network of over 55,000 surcharge-free ATMs.

55


2014 Highlights
Completed the acquisition of RenovationReady® on January 31, 2014.
Completed underwritten public offerings of common stock for gross proceeds of $57.9 million and 8.00% tangible equity units for gross proceeds of $69.0 million on May 21, 2014.
Completed the private placement of common stock to OCM BOCA Investor, LLC and Patriot Financial Partners, L.P. for gross proceeds of $49.9 million on November 7, 2014.
Completed the BPNA Branch Acquisition on November 8, 2014.
Total interest and dividend income for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $67.6 million, or 56.1 percent, to $188.1 million from $120.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Net interest margin was 3.72 percent and 3.67 percent for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Net interest income for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $58.0 million, or 59.7 percent, to $155.3 million from $97.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Noninterest income for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $48.9 million, or 50.5 percent, to $145.6 million from $96.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The Company recognized net revenue on mortgage banking activities of $95.4 million and $67.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Noninterest expense for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $85.5 million, or 47.8 percent, to $264.2 million from $178.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The increase relates predominantly to a higher salaries and employee benefits expense related to increased headcount as a result of growth and the acquisitions the Company completed during 2014.
Total assets increased by $2.34 billion, or 64.6 percent, to $5.97 billion at December 31, 2014 from $3.63 billion at December 31, 2013, due primarily to the BPNA Branch Acquisition, an increase in loans held for sale and an increase in cash and cash equivalents. Average total assets increased to $4.35 billion for the year ended December 31, 2014 from $2.77 billion for the year ended December 31, 2013, due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition and the effect of a full year following the acquisitions the Company completed during 2013.
Loans and leases receivable, net of allowance for loan and lease losses, increased by $1.49 billion, or 61.5 percent, to $3.92 billion at December 31, 2014 from $2.43 billion at December 31, 2013 as a result of increased loan production and the BPNA Branch Acquisition. Loans held for sale increased by $470.4 million, 65.6 percent, to $1.19 billion at December 31, 2014 from $716.7 million at December 31, 2013 due to more originations than sales during the year. Average total loans and leases increased to $3.81 billion for the year ended December 31, 2014 from $2.22 billion for the year ended December 31, 2013, due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition and the effect of a full year following the PBOC acquisition, which was completed on July 1, 2013.
Total deposits increased by $1.75 billion, or 60.1 percent, to $4.67 billion at December 31, 2014 from $2.92 billion at December 31, 2013, due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition. Average total deposits increased to $3.53 billion for the year ended December 31, 2014 from $2.31 billion for the year ended December 31, 2013, due mainly to the BPNA Branch Acquisition and the effect of a full year following the PBOC acquisition, which was completed on July 1, 2013.


56


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table presents condensed statements of operations for the periods indicated: 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Interest and dividend income
$
188,139

 
$
120,511

 
$
55,031

Interest expense
32,862

 
23,282

 
8,479

Net interest income
155,277

 
97,229

 
46,552

Provision for loan and lease losses
10,976

 
7,963

 
5,500

Noninterest income
145,637

 
96,743

 
36,619

Noninterest expense
264,161

 
178,670

 
71,560

Income before income taxes
25,777

 
7,339

 
6,111

Income tax (benefit) expense
(4,541
)
 
7,260

 
115

Net income
30,318

 
79

 
5,996

Preferred stock dividends
3,640

 
2,185

 
1,359

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders
$
26,678

 
$
(2,106
)
 
$
4,637

Basic earnings (loss) per common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

Basic earnings (loss) per class B common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

Diluted earnings (loss) per class B common share
$
0.91

 
$
(0.14
)
 
$
0.40

For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company recorded net income of $30.3 million, an increase of $30.2 million from net income of $79 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2013 and an increase of $24.3 million from net income of $6.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Preferred stock dividends were $3.6 million, $2.2 million and $1.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and net income (loss) available to common stockholders was $26.7 million, $(2.1) million and $4.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.



57


Net Interest Income
The following table presents interest income, average interest-earning assets, interest expense, average interest-bearing liabilities, and their correspondent yields and costs expressed both in dollars and rates for the years indicated: 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
 
Yield/
Cost
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
 
Yield/
Cost
 
Average
Balance
 
Interest
 
Yield/
Cost
 
($ in thousands)
Interest-earning assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total loans and leases (1)
$
3,805,239

 
$
180,761

 
4.75
%
 
$
2,217,421

 
$
116,673

 
5.26
%
 
$
1,053,240

 
$
51,942

 
4.93
%
Securities
225,182

 
5,158

 
2.29
%
 
153,229

 
2,632

 
1.72
%
 
115,467

 
2,736

 
2.37
%
Other interest-earning assets (2)
146,097

 
2,220

 
1.52
%
 
276,420

 
1,206

 
0.44
%
 
97,902

 
353

 
0.36
%
Total interest-earning assets
4,176,518

 
188,139

 
4.50
%
 
2,647,070

 
120,511

 
4.55
%
 
1,266,609

 
55,031

 
4.34
%
Allowance for loan and lease losses
(22,354
)
 
 
 
 
 
(17,332
)
 
 
 
 
 
(11,968
)
 
 
 
 
BOLI and non-interest earning assets (3)
194,462

 
 
 
 
 
143,538

 
 
 
 
 
88,203

 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
4,348,626

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,773,276

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,342,844

 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Savings
$
967,803

 
9,121

 
0.94
%
 
$
756,625

 
7,994

 
1.06
%
 
$
261,667

 
1,096

 
0.42
%
Interest-bearing checking
735,156

 
7,629

 
1.04
%
 
339,731

 
2,041

 
0.60
%
 
29,802

 
99

 
0.33
%
Money market
692,464

 
2,788

 
0.40
%
 
371,058

 
1,901

 
0.51
%
 
67,569

 
271

 
0.40
%
Certificates of deposit
662,183

 
4,873

 
0.74
%
 
558,994

 
4,115

 
0.74
%
 
556,326

 
4,494

 
0.81
%
FHLB advances
267,816

 
527

 
0.20
%
 
74,712

 
269

 
0.36
%
 
54,030

 
348

 
0.64
%
Long-term debt and other interest-bearing liabilities
96,279

 
7,924

 
8.23
%
 
85,333

 
6,962

 
8.16
%
 
26,840

 
2,171

 
8.09
%
Total interest-bearing liabilities
3,421,701

 
32,862

 
0.96
%
 
2,186,453

 
23,282

 
1.06
%
 
996,234

 
8,479

 
0.85
%
Noninterest-bearing deposits
468,077

 
 
 
 
 
287,325

 
 
 
 
 
141,573

 
 
 
 
Non-interest-bearing liabilities
45,394

 
 
 
 
 
34,680

 
 
 
 
 
15,626

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
3,935,172

 
 
 
 
 
2,508,458

 
 
 
 
 
1,153,433

 
 
 
 
Total stockholders’ equity
413,454

 
 
 
 
 
264,818

 
 
 
 
 
189,411

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
4,348,626

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,773,276

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,342,844

 
 
 
 
Net interest income/spread
 
 
$
155,277

 
3.54
%
 
 
 
$
97,229

 
3.49
%
 
 
 
$
46,552

 
3.49
%
Net interest margin (4)
 
 
 
 
3.72
%
 
 
 
 
 
3.67
%
 
 
 
 
 
3.69
%
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities
122.06
%
 
 
 
 
 
121.07
%
 
 
 
 
 
127.14
%
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Total loans and leases are net of deferred fees, related direct cost and discounts, but exclude the allowance for loan and lease losses. Non-accrual loans and leases are included in the average balance. Loan fees of $71 thousand, $1.7 million and $615 thousand and accretion of discount on purchased loans of $34.8 million, $20.3 million and $2.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively, are included in the interest income.
(2)
Includes average balance of FHLB stock at cost and average time deposits with other financial institutions.
(3)
Includes average balance of bank-owned life insurance of $19.0 million, $18.8 million and $18.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
(4)
Net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.




58


Rate/Volume Analysis
The following table presents the changes in interest income and interest expense for major components of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Information is provided on changes attributable to (1) changes in volume multiplied by the prior rate, and (2) changes in rate multiplied by the prior volume. Changes attributable to both rate and volume which cannot be segregated have been allocated proportionately to the change due to volume and the change due to rate. 
 
Year Ended December 31,
2014 vs. 2013
 
Year Ended December 31,
2013 vs. 2012
 
Increase (Decrease)
Due to
 
Net
Increase
 
Increase (Decrease)
Due to
 
Net
Increase
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
(Decrease)
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
(Decrease)
 
(In thousands)
Interest-earning assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total loans and leases
$
76,396

 
$
(12,308
)
 
$
64,088

 
$
61,036

 
$
3,695

 
$
64,731

Securities
1,477

 
1,049

 
2,526

 
761

 
(865
)
 
(104
)
Other interest-earning assets
(794
)
 
1,808

 
1,014

 
765

 
88

 
853

Total interest-earning assets
77,079

 
(9,451
)
 
67,628

 
62,562

 
2,918

 
65,480

Interest-bearing liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Savings
2,057

 
(930
)
 
1,127

 
3,822

 
3,076

 
6,898

Interest-bearing checking
3,439

 
2,149

 
5,588

 
1,802

 
140

 
1,942

Money market
1,364

 
(477
)
 
887

 
1,535

 
95

 
1,630

Certificates of deposit
759

 
(1
)
 
758

 
22

 
(401
)
 
(379
)
FHLB advances
427

 
(169
)
 
258

 
106

 
(185
)
 
(79
)
Long-term debt and other interest-bearing liabilities
900

 
62

 
962

 
4,772

 
19

 
4,791

Total interest-bearing liabilities
8,946

 
634

 
9,580

 
12,059

 
2,744

 
14,803

Net interest income
$
68,133

 
$
(10,085
)
 
$
58,048

 
$
50,503

 
$
174

 
$
50,677

Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013
Net interest income was $155.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, an increase of $58.0 million, or 59.7 percent, from $97.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Interest income on total loans and leases was $180.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, an increase of $64.1 million, or 54.9 percent, from $116.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The increase in interest income on total loans and leases was due to a $1.59 billion increase in total average total loans and leases, partially offset by a 51 basis points (bps) decrease in average yield. The increase in average balance was due mainly to acquired loans of $1.07 billion from the BPNA Branch Acquisition and increases in originations of residential mortgage loans held for sale, multi-family loans, and lease financing. The decrease in average yield was mainly due to the lower yields on originated loans and leases in 2014 and a decrease in the proportion of seasoned SFR mortgage loan pools to total loans and leases where discounts on these pools generate additional interest income. Such discount accretion totaled $34.8 million and $20.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.
Interest income on securities was $5.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, an increase of $2.5 million, or 96.0 percent, from $2.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The increase in interest income on securities was due to a $72.0 million increase in average balance and a 57