10-Q 1 intermetro10q093014.htm 10-Q intermetro10q093014.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

 
FORM 10-Q
 

 
x QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2014
 
o TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 000-51384
 
InterMetro Communications, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Nevada
88-0476779
(State of Incorporation)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
2685 Park Center Drive, Building A,
Simi Valley, California 93065
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(805) 433-8000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number,
(Including Area Code)
 
Check whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the proceeding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this Chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated file, an accelerated file, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer       o   Accelerated Filer       o   Non-accelerated filer    o   Smaller reporting company    x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o No  x
 
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:
 
As of November 14, 2014 there were 103,084,093 shares outstanding of the registrant’s only class of common stock. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Part I. Financial Information
 
     
Item 1.
 
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
     
Item 2.
20
     
Item 3.
31
     
Item 4.
31
     
Part II. Other Information
 
     
Item 1.
32
     
Item 1 A.
32
     
Item 2.
32
     
Item 3.
32
     
Item 4.
32
     
Item 5.
32
     
Item 6.
32
     
 
33

 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
 
INTERMETRO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in Thousands, except par value)
 
   
September 30,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
       
ASSETS
       
 
 
Cash
  $ 262     $ 116  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $209 and $174 at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
    1,054       1,528  
Deposits
    55       55  
Prepayments and other current assets
    164       129  
Total current assets
    1,535       1,828  
Property and equipment, net
    146       155  
Software development in progress
    748       513  
Goodwill
    450       450  
Other assets
    4       4  
Total Assets
  $ 2,883     $ 2,950  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
               
Accounts payable, trade
  $ 3,238     $ 4,065  
Accrued expenses
    2,556       2,986  
Deferred revenues and customer deposits
    177       237  
Borrowings under line of credit facilities
    -       2,192  
Current portion of note payable to former ATI shareholder
    40       40  
Current portion of vendor settlements
    1,696       985  
Secured promissory notes, including $879 from related parties net of debt discount of $39 and $108 at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
    3,508       3,405  
                 
Total current liabilities
    11,215       13,910  
                 
Long-term portion of note payable to former ATI shareholder
    57       86  
Long-term vendor settlements
    1,126       1,380  
Total liabilities
    12,398       15,376  
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12 )
               
                 
Stockholders’ Deficit
               
Series A2 preferred stock — $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 total preferred shares authorized; 787,103 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013
    1       1  
Series B preferred stock — $0.001 par value; 801,000 and 0 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
    1       -  
Common stock — $0.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized;
 103,084,093 and 82,736,093 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
    103       82  
Additional paid-in capital
    35,483       31,681  
Accumulated deficit
    (45,103 )     (44,190 )
Total stockholders’ deficit
    (9,515 )     (12,426 )
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit
  $ 2,883     $ 2,950  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
INTERMETRO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in Thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
  

   
Three Months Ended September, 30
   
Nine Months Ended September, 30
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net revenues
  $ 1,200     $ 2,394     $ 5,177     $ 9,594  
Network costs
    1,249       2,280       4,457       8,410  
Gross profit
    (49 )     114       720       1,184  
Operating expenses
                               
Sales and marketing
    62       84       184       404  
General and administrative
    607       638       1,730       2,255  
Total operating expenses
    669       722       1,914       2,659  
Operating loss
    (718 )     (608 )     (1,194 )     (1,475 )
Interest expense, net (includes amortization of debt discount  of $34 and $47 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $103 and $129 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively)
    (126 )     (265 )     (553 )     (791
Gain on forgiveness of debt
    695       -       834       683  
                                 
Net loss
  $ (149 )   $ (873 )   $ (913 )   $ (1,583 )
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.01 )   $ (0.02 )
Shares used to calculate basic and diluted net loss per common share (in thousands)
    93,301       82,219       86,518       82,103  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
INTERMETRO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in Thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   
Nine Months Ended September, 30
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
   
 
 
Net loss
  $ (913 )   $ (1,583 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    49       37  
Stock based compensation
    6       61  
Reserve for bad debts
    65       24  
Amortization of debt discount
    103       129  
Gain on forgiveness of debt
    (139 )     (683 )
Gain on retirement of credit facility
    (696 )     -  
(Increase) decrease in assets:
               
Accounts receivable
    409       (116 )
Prepayments and other current assets
    (36 )     (34 )
Increase (decrease) in liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
    (130 )     2,128  
Accrued expenses
    (47 )     (318 )
Vendor settlements
    (465 )     (354 )
Deferred revenues and customer deposits
    (60 )     30  
Net cash used in operating activities
    (1,854 )     (679 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of property and equipment
    (24 )     (74 )
Software development in progress
    (251 )     (286 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (275 )     (360 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Principal payments on lines of credit
    (2,823 )     (8,208 )
Proceeds from line of credit
    3,354       8,569  
Retirement of line of credit
    (2,026 )     -  
Proceeds from issuance of Series B preferred stock
    3,800       395  
Principal payments on note payable to former shareholder
    (30 )     (30 )
Proceeds from exercise of warrants
    -       2  
Net cash provided by financing activities
    2,275       728  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash
    146       (311 )
Cash at beginning of period
    116       388  
Cash at end of period
  $ 262     $ 77  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
INTERMETRO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

1 — Nature of Operations and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Company Background - InterMetro Communications, Inc., (hereinafter, “InterMetro” or the “Company”) is a Nevada corporation which, through its wholly owned subsidiary, InterMetro Communications, Inc. (Delaware) (hereinafter, “InterMetro Delaware”), is engaged in the business of providing voice over Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) communications services. The Company owns and operates state-of-the-art VoIP switching equipment and network facilities that are utilized to provide traditional phone companies, wireless phone companies, calling card companies and marketers of calling cards with wholesale voice and data services, and voice-enabled application services. The Company’s customers pay the Company for minutes of utilization or bandwidth utilization on its national voice and data network and the Company’s calling card marketing customers pay per calling card sold. The Company’s headquarters is located in Simi Valley, California.
 
Basis of Presentation -  The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and information have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements contain all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. These condensed consolidated statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013 which are included in Form 10-K filed by the Company on April 15, 2014.
 
Going Concern - The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and settlement of obligations in the normal course of business. The Company had a working capital deficit of $9,680,000 and had a total stockholders’ deficit of $9,515,000 as of September 30, 2014.  The Company had a net loss of $913,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. In addition, the Company’s revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $5.2 million as compared to $9.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern will require additional financings if its ability to generate cash from operations does not fund required payments on its debt obligations.  Obligations to the Company’s debt holders include interest and principal payments to its secured note holders (see Note 7), principal and settlement payments due (see Note 6). The Company has other significant matters of importance, including contingencies such as vendor disputes and lawsuits discussed in Note 12 that could have material adverse consequences, including cessation of operations to the Company at any time.
 
If the Company were to require additional financings in order to fund ongoing operations, there can be no assurance that it will be successful in completing the required financings that could ultimately cause the Company to cease operations.  The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.  There are many claims and obligations that could ultimately cause the Company to cease operations. The report from the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm relating to the year ended December 31, 2013 states that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

Management believes that the losses in past years were primarily attributable to continued decline in revenues and additional costs incurred related to building out and supporting a telecommunications infrastructure, and the requirement for continued expansion of the customer base, in order for the Company to become profitable. This resulted in the Company taking on debt and delaying payment to certain vendors.  The Company may be required to obtain other financing during the next twelve months or thereafter as a result of future business developments, including any acquisitions of business assets or any shortfall of cash flows generated by future operations in meeting the Company’s ongoing cash requirements. Such financing alternatives could include selling additional equity or debt securities, obtaining long or short-term credit facilities, or selling operating assets. Management continues to work with its historical vendors in order to secure the continued extension of credit. Management believes that cash flows from operations and additional debt conversions are integral to management’s plan to retire past due obligations and be positioned for growth.  No assurance can be given, however, that the Company will be successful in restructuring its debt on terms favorable to the Company or at all. Should the Company be unsuccessful in this restructuring, material adverse consequences to the Company could occur such as cessation of its operations.  Any sale of additional common stock or convertible equity or debt securities would result in additional dilution to the Company’s stockholders.
  
 
Principles of Consolidation - The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of InterMetro, InterMetro Delaware, and InterMetro Delaware’s wholly owned subsidiary, Advanced Tel, Inc. (“ATI”). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Use of Estimates - In the normal course of preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.   

Revenue Recognition - VoIP services are recognized as revenue when services are provided primarily based on usage. Revenues derived from sales of calling cards through retail distribution partners are deferred upon sale of the cards. These deferred revenues are recognized as revenue generally at the time card minutes are expended. The Company has revenue sharing agreements based on successful collections.  The Company recognizes revenue from these customers at the time of invoicing based on the history of collections with such customers. The Company recognizes revenue in the period that services are delivered and when the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the fees are fixed and determinable, no significant Company obligations remain and collection is reasonably assured. Deferred revenue consists of fees received or billed in advance of the delivery of the services or services performed in which collection is not reasonably assured. This revenue is recognized when the services are provided and no significant Company obligations remain. Revenue from the sale of software and related equipment is generally recognized upon delivery and installation by the customer. Management of the Company assesses the likelihood of collection based on a number of factors, including past transaction history with the customer and the credit worthiness of the customer. Generally, management of the Company does not request collateral from customers. If management of the Company determines that collection of revenues are not reasonably assured, amounts are deferred and recognized as revenue at the time collection becomes reasonably assured, which is generally upon receipt of cash.
 
Accounts Receivable - Accounts receivable consist of trade receivables arising in the normal course of business. The Company does not charge interest on its trade receivables. The allowance for doubtful accounts is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in the Company’s existing accounts receivable. The Company reviews its allowance for doubtful accounts monthly. The Company determines the allowance based upon historical write-off experience, payment history and by reviewing significant past due balances for individual collectability. If estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts subsequently prove insufficient, additional allowances may be required.
 
Network Costs - The Company’s network costs consist of telecommunication costs, leasing collocation facilities and certain build-outs, and depreciation of equipment related to the Company’s network infrastructure.  It is not unusual in the Company’s industry to occasionally have disagreements with vendors relating to the amounts billed for services provided between the recipient of those services and the vendor. As a result, the Company currently has disputes with vendors that it believes did not bill certain network charges correctly. 
 
Depreciation and Amortization - Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment is computed using the straight-line method based on the following estimated useful lives:
 
Telecommunications equipment
     
7 years
Telecommunications software
 
18 months to 2 years
Computer equipment
 
3 years
Office equipment and furniture
 
3 years
Leasehold improvements
 
Useful life or remaining lease term, which ever is shorter
 
Software Development Costs – Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred.  However, the costs incurred for the development of computer software that will be sold, leased, or otherwise marketed are capitalized when technological feasibility has been established. These capitalized technological costs are subject to an ongoing assessment of recoverability based on anticipated future revenues and changes in hardware and software technologies.  Amortization of the capitalized software development costs begins when the product is available for general release to customers.  Amortization is computed as the ratio of current gross revenues of a product to the total of current and anticipated future gross revenues for the product.  As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had capitalized software development costs of approximately $748,000 and $513,000, respectively, for the development of a software that facilitates the routing of call traffic through lowest cost networks. The software was sold to an initial customer in late September 2013 and to a second customer in February 2014. The Company amortized $16,000 of software development costs in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and none in the same period in 2013.
 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - The Company assesses impairment of its long-lived assets in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”.  An impairment review is performed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Factors considered by the Company include:
 
 
·
significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results;
 
 
·
significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired assets or the strategy for the Company’s overall business; and
 
 
·
significant negative industry or economic trends.

When management of the Company determines that the carrying value of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable based upon the existence of one or more of the above indicators of impairment, an estimate is made of the future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If the sum of the expected future undiscounted cash flows and eventual disposition is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset, based on the fair market value if available, or discounted cash flows if not. As of September 30, 2014, the Company has not had an impairment of long-lived assets and is not aware of the existence of any indicators of impairment.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Assets - The Company records goodwill when consideration paid in a business acquisition exceeds the fair value of the net tangible assets and the identified intangible assets acquired. The Company accounts for goodwill and intangible assets in accordance with FASB ASC 350 “Goodwill and Other”. FASB ASC 350 requires that goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives not be amortized, but instead be tested for impairment at least annually or whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the goodwill may not be recoverable. FASB ASC 350 also requires the Company to amortize intangible assets over their respective finite lives up to their estimated residual values.  At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, management does not believe there is any impairment in the value of goodwill.

Stock-Based Compensation - The Company has applied FASB ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation.” For grants to its employees under its 2004 plan and 2007 plan, the Company estimates the fair value of each option award on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of a peer group of publicly traded entities.  The expected term of the options granted is derived from the average midpoint between vesting and the contractual term, as described in the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107, “Share-Based Payment.”  The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The Company did not grant options under its 2007 plan during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and did grant options under its 2007 plan during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 (see Note 10).
 
Concentration of Credit Risk - Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and short term debt. The Company maintains its cash with a major financial institution located in the United States. The balances at each financial institution are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000. Periodically throughout the year, the Company maintains balances in excess of federally insured limits. The Company encounters a certain amount of risk as a result of a concentration of revenue from a few significant customers and services provided from vendors. Credit is extended to customers based on an evaluation of their financial condition. The Company generally does not require collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and records an allowance for potential bad debts based on available information.  To date, such losses, if any, have been within management’s expectations.
 
The Company had ten customers which accounted for 53% and 67% of net revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The Company had accounts receivable balances from two and one customer that accounted for 36% and 13% of total accounts receivable at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. 

Income Taxes - The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax liabilities and assets are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using presently enacted tax rates in effect. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized.
 
Segment and Geographic Information - The Company operates in one principal business segment primarily in the United States. All of the operating results and identified assets are located in the United States.
 
 
Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) per Common Share - Basic net income (loss) per common share excludes dilution for potential common stock issuances and is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net income (loss) per share includes dilution for potential common stock issuances when the warrants, options or common stock conversion rights underlying those potential issuances are below the then fair market value of the Company’s common stock and have intrinsic value.  As the Company reported a net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the conversion of promissory notes and the exercise of stock options and warrants were not considered in the computation of diluted net loss per common share because their effect is anti-dilutive.
  
Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards or pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. The amendment is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company is currently evaluating the new standard.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40) - Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. This ASU requires management to assess an entity's ability to continue as a going concern by incorporating and expanding upon certain principles that are currently in U.S. auditing standards. Specifically, the ASU (1) provides a definition of the term substantial doubt, (2) requires an evaluation every reporting period including interim periods, (3) provides principles for considering the mitigating effect of management's plans, (4) requires certain disclosures when substantial doubt is alleviated as a result of consideration of management's plans, (5) requires an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated, and (6) requires an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). This standard is effective for the fiscal years ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

2 — Acquisition
 
On March 31, 2011, the Company was notified that the seller and the former president of Advanced Tel, Inc. (“ATI”), the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, had filed suit against the Company asserting, among other things, that the Company owed said seller certain amounts related to the agreement entered into by the parties (“Purchase Agreement”) when the Company purchased ATI in 2006.  On November 30, 2011, the parties arbitrated a settlement with precedent conditions to be performed by the Company in the first quarter of 2012, conditions that were met on March 14, 2012 resulting in dismissal of the suit on March 14, 2012.  As part of the settlement the Company voided the disputed 4,089,930 shares originally issued to the seller in 2008 as part of the stock compensation in the Purchase Agreement and the seller returned to the Company the 308,079 shares issued to him in 2006 also originally part of the Purchase Agreement.  All shares were returned to the Company’s Treasury.   The Company was to pay the seller a total of $200,000, of which $97,000 remains unpaid at September 30, 2014 and subject to timely monthly payments through March 2017.
 
The Company has completed an integration plan for utilizing the Company’s network to carry the ATI customer traffic. The execution of this plan resulted in a significant cost savings.  In addition, ATI has a statutory presence in various state jurisdictions that facilitates the retail sale of the Company’s software and related equipment. These factors were used in the present value of net cash flows analysis that supports the carrying value of ATI Goodwill which was $450,000 at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.
 
3 — Prepayments and Other Current Assets
 
The following is a summary of the Company’s prepayments and other current assets (in thousands):
 
                                                                                                                           
 
September 30,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Employee advances
  $ 97     $ 79  
Prepaid expenses
    67       50  
Prepayments and other current assets
  $ 164     $ 129  
 
 
4 — Property and Equipment
 
The following is a summary of the Company’s property and equipment (in thousands):
 
                                                                                                                           
 
September 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
   
(unaudited)
   
Telecommunications equipment
  $ 3,458     $ 3,449  
Computer equipment
    203       203  
Telecommunications software
    107       107  
Leasehold improvements, office equipment and furniture
    97       97  
Total property and equipment
    3,865       3,856  
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (3,719 )     (3,701 )
Property and equipment, net
  $ 146     $ 155  
 
Depreciation expense included in network costs was $3,000 and $8,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $12,000 and $23,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense included in general and administrative expenses was $0 and $5,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $6,000 and $13,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

5 — Accrued Expenses
 
The following is a summary of the Company’s accrued expenses (in thousands):
 
   
September 30,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Commissions, network costs and other general accruals
  $ 1,060     $ 1,248  
Accrued USF and sales tax
    65       423  
Deferred payroll and other payroll related liabilities
    588       646  
Interest due on convertible promissory notes and other debt
    662       501  
Payments due to third party providers
    181       168  
    $ 2,556     $ 2,986  

6 — Vendor Settlements, Contingent Gains and Gain of Forgiveness of Debt

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company entered into cash payment plan agreements with vendors for amounts less than the liability recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses. As a result of these agreements, the Company recorded a gain on forgiveness of debt of $139,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014.  In addition, the Company recorded a gain from the retirement of credit facility of $696,000.  At September 30, 2014, the balance in vendor settlements payable was $2,822,000 including $216,000 of deferred gains subject to timely payments.   The settlements will be paid in periods ranging from one to sixty months with a current aggregate monthly payment of approximately $86,000.   The Company may continue to approach vendors to enter into similar agreements as well as continue to write-off certain accounts payable under statute of limitations.
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company made final payments on two payment plans that resulted in the realization of contingent gains. As a result of the realization of contingent gains, the Company recorded a gain on forgiveness of debt of $683,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.
 

7 — Secured Promissory Notes
 
2008 Bridge Loan - In November and December 2007, the Company received $600,000 in advance payments, pursuant to the sale of secured notes with individual investors, including $330,000 from related parties.  In 2008, the Company received an additional $1,320,000, including $170,000 from related parties, pursuant to the sale of additional secured notes with individual investors, for a total of $1,920,000.  The secured notes were issued on January 16, 2008 and were scheduled to mature 13 to 18 months after issuance (“2008 Bridge Loan”).  The 2008 Bridge Loan was extended in 2009 to July 15, 2010, and then modified on October 5, 2010 (“2008 Bridge Loan Modification”)  to be paid in quarterly installments, of interest, fees and principal, commencing March 31, 2011 and concluding on July 15, 2012. The 2008 Bridge Loan bears interest at a rate of 13% per annum and contains an origination and documentation fee equal to 3% and 2.5%, respectively, of the original principal amount of the note.  The 2008 Bridge Loan is collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the Company.  Since inception, the Company has incurred $1,782,000 in interest and fees, including $42,000 and $43,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $135,000 and $128,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
In connection with the notes, the Company originally issued two common stock purchase warrants for every dollar received or 3.84 million common stock purchase warrants with an exercise price of $1.00, (the “Initial Warrants” and the “Additional Warrants”, collectively the “2008 Bridge Origination Warrants”).  These 2008 Bridge Origination Warrants contained terms which resulted in 3.84 million shares of common stock being issued in 2009, in accordance with those terms, to extinguish the 2008 Bridge Origination Warrants.  In exchange for the first extension of the due date from July 15, 2009 to July 15, 2010 the holder received a common stock purchase warrant (“Extension Warrants”) for each dollar of principal with an exercise price of $0.50 per share that were set to expire on July 14, 2016.  The 2008 Bridge Loan Modification extends the term of Extension Warrants to July 14, 2018. In exchange for the 2008 Bridge Loan Modification the holder received a common stock purchase warrant (“2010 Extension Warrants”) for each dollar of principal with an exercise price of $0.01 per share that will expire on October 5, 2017.  The value associated with the 2010 Extension Warrants was $11,000 and was recorded as an offset to the principal balance of the secured notes and is being amortized into interest expenses over the term of the notes using the effective interest method.  The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes formula.

The “Initial Warrants” also contained a put feature which gave the holder the option to put the warrant back to the Company for $0.15 per share and had been carried as a liability in the Company’s financial statements. The put feature was eliminated pursuant to the 2008 Bridge Loan Modification and the $288,000 related liability was reclassified to equity.

2009 Bridge Loan- In November and December 2008, two related party secured note holders advanced an additional $310,000 and in 2009 there were advances of an additional $152,500 from existing note holders, including $65,000 from related parties, paying 13% interest per annum.  On June 12, 2009, the Company entered into a Short Term Loan and Security Agreement (“2009 Bridge Loan”) with the advance lenders.  Per the 2009 Bridge Loan, the maturity date of the loans was extended from June 30, 2009 to February 28, 2010, and then subsequently modified on October 5, 2010 (“2009 Bridge Loan Modification”)  to be paid in quarterly installments, of interest, fees and principal, commencing November 30, 2010 and concluding February 28, 2012.  On November 30, 2010 the note holders waived their initial installment payment for 60 days to receive their first installment payment as of January 31, 2011.  The 2009 Bridge Loan accrues interest at 13% per annum and contains an origination and documentation fee equal to 3% and 2.5%, respectively, of the original principal amount of the note.  The 2009 Bridge Loan is collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the Company.   Since inception, the Company has incurred $448,000 in interest and fees, including $13,000 and $12,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $40,000 and $36,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
As was the case for the 2008 Bridge Loan warrants, the provisions of the 2009 Bridge Loan warrants included terms that resulted in the company providing shares of common stock in lieu of exercise under certain conditions, which conditions occurred on June 12, 2009 and resulted in the issuance of 1,387,500 common stock to extinguish the 2009 Bridge Original Warrants.  In exchange for the 2009 Bridge Loan Modification the holder received a common stock purchase warrant (“2010 Extension Warrants”) for each dollar of principal with an exercise price of $0.01 per share that expire on October 5, 2017.  The value associated with the 2010 Extension Warrants was $3,000 and was recorded as an offset to the principal balance of the secured notes and is being amortized into interest expenses over the term of the notes using the effective interest method.  The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes formula.

The total expense recorded by the Company for amortization of the debt discount related to all warrants was $11,000 and $23,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $33,000 and $57,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The net amount of the notes was $2,520,000 and $2,488,000 as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.
 

Effective October 12, 2012 the Company renegotiated terms with its secured note holders. The renegotiated terms included conversion of certain loan balances to common stock, the issuance of warrants and the establishment of new payment terms. The secured note holders converted $1,521,843 that the Company owed into 10,145,523 shares of common stock at $0.15 per share and the Company issued warrants with a term of seven years to purchase 1,521,843 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. The value associated with these warrants is $101,000.  The remaining outstanding balance of $2,374,281, of which $764,221 is eligible to be converted to common stock at the election of the lenders at a rate of $0.50 per share of common stock, included $878,466 owed to related parties. This remaining balance was to be paid in interest only payments of approximately $12,000 per month from January 1, 2013 through September 1, 2013 followed by principal and interest payments of approximately $72,000 per month from September 1, 2013 until September 30, 2014. Most of the scheduled principal and interest payments were not made and the Company has not received a notice of default from any of the note holders.  Of the remaining balances $923,576 matured on September 30, 2014 and is past due with the final payment of all principal and accrued interest at maturity on December 31, 2014. As part of the renegotiated terms with the secured note holders the Company issued additional warrants with a term of seven years to purchase 2,145,000 shares of common stock at a price of $0.25 per share and 650,000 shares of common stock at a price of $0.01 per share.  The value associated with these secured note holder warrants is $91,000 and will be recorded as an offset to the principal balance of the secured notes and, beginning in October 2012, has been amortized into interest expense over the term of the notes using the effective interest method.  The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes formula.  The Company recognized a $472,000 gain on the conversion of debt to common stock.

 The renegotiated terms included, in addition to the conversion of certain amounts owed into common stock, the conversion of any remaining accrued interest into the new secured promissory notes. As a result accrued interest of $1,514,000 was converted and included in balance of the promissory notes due.

Also effective October 12, 2012, the Company entered into agreements with Moriah Capital, L.P. (“Moriah”) to retire the Company’s existing credit facility and to cancel Moriah’s put option to purchase 6,008,500 shares of the Company’s common stock.  The Company paid $1,800,000 of the $2,050,000 outstanding principal on the credit facility, plus $45,000 in accrued interest and fees.  The Company executed a new promissory note for the remaining $250,000 in principal and $737,500 for the value associated with the put option, resulting in a total note principal of $987,500.  Of this amount, $250,000 was due on September 30, 2013 and the remaining principal and accrued interest was due on September 30, 2014 and is past due.  The Company did not make the scheduled principal payments on September 30, 2013 and 2014 and the Company has not received a notice of default from Moriah. The note accrues interest at the rate of 9% per annum and Moriah may convert the balance owed into shares of common stock with unpaid principal amounts converted at the rate of $0.25 per share and any unpaid accrued interest at the rate of $0.30 per share (see Note 11).

8 — Long-Term Debt
 
The Company’s long-term debt consists of the following:
 
   
September 30,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Vendor settlements
  $ 2,822     $ 2,365  
Secured promissory notes
    3,508       3,405  
Note payable to former shareholder
    97       126  
Less: Current portion of long-term debt, net of debt discount
    (5,244 )     (4,430 )
Long-term debt, net of debt discount
  $ 1,183     $ 1,466  
 

9 — Preferred and Common Stock
 
Preferred Stock - On May 31, 2007, the Company filed Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation authorizing 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, none of which are issued and outstanding.  On November 19, 2009, the Company filed its Certificate of Designation (“C.D.”) and designated a Series A Preferred stock by resolution of the board of directors.  The C.D. authorized the sale of 250,000 shares of Series A preferred stock at $1.00 per share, with additional rights, preferences, restrictions and privileges as filed with the Nevada Secretary of State. In January 2013 a stockholder and secured note holder elected to convert all of the 25,000 outstanding shares of Series A preferred shares into 166,500 shares of common stock. As of September 30, 2014, no shares of Series A preferred stock were outstanding.

On October 12, 2012, the Company filed a C.D. and designated a Series A2 preferred stock authorizing the sale of 1,000,000 non-voting shares of Series A2 preferred stock at $1.00 per share. The shares generally may be redeemed by the Company for $1.25 per share plus payment of any accrued but unpaid dividends.  Also on October 12, 2012, the Company sold 297,103 shares of Series A2 preferred stock together with warrants to purchase 297,103 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 per share in exchange for a total purchase price of $297,103. The securities were sold to accredited investors in a private placement exempt from registration under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Series A2 preferred stock may be converted into shares of common stock at a conversion rate of 6.66 shares of common stock for each share of Series A2 preferred.  The value associated with the Series A2 warrants was $5,000 and the warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes formula.  In December 2012, some of the stockholders elected to convert an aggregate of 100,000 Series A2 preferred shares into 666,000 shares of common stock.  In January 2013, a stockholder elected to convert 30,000 shares of  Series A2 preferred shares into 199,800 shares of common stock.

On June 28, 2013 the Company sold 370,000 shares of Series A2 Preferred Stock together with warrants to purchase 370,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 per share in exchange for a total purchase price of $370,000. On September 25, October 7 and December 12, 2013, the Company sold 25,000, 150,000 and 100,000 shares of Series A2 Preferred Stock, respectively, for a aggregate total purchase prices of $275,000 under the same terms. The securities were sold to accredited investors in a private placement exempt from registration under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Series A2 preferred stock may be converted into shares of common stock at a conversion rate of 6.66 shares of common stock for each share of Series A2 preferred.  The value associated with the accompanying warrants was $13,000 and determined using the Black-Scholes formula.

In January 2014, the Company filed a C.D. and designated a Series B preferred stock authorizing the sale of 2,000,000 non-voting shares of Series B preferred stock at $1.00 per share. On January 15, 2014 the Company sold 501,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock together with warrants to purchase 501,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 per share in exchange for a total purchase price of $501,000. The securities were sold to an accredited investor in a private placement exempt from registration under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Series B preferred stock may be converted into shares of common stock at a conversion rate of 6.66 shares of common stock for each share of Series B preferred.  The value associated with the accompanying warrants was $25,000 and determined using the Black-Scholes formula.

One April 14, 2014, the Company sold 150,000 shares of Series B preferred stock together with warrants to purchase 150,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 in exchange for a total purchase price of $150,000. On June 20, 2014, the Company sold 150,000 shares of Series B preferred stock together with warrants to purchase 150,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 in exchange for a total purchase price of $150,000. The securities were sold to accredited investors in private placements exempt from registration under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Series B preferred stock may be converted into shares of common stock at a conversion rate of 6.66 shares of common stock for each share of Series B preferred.  The value associated with the accompanying warrants was $10,000 and determined using the Black-Scholes formula.

On August 5, 2014 the Company filed a C.D. increasing the number of Series B preferred shares authorized for sale to 4,250,000. On August 1, 2014, the Company sold 3,000,000 shares of Series B preferred stock to an accredited investor who is also a member of the Company’s Board of Directors, together with warrants to purchase 3,000,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 in exchange for a total purchase price of $3,000,000. The value associated with the accompanying warrants was approximately $35,000 as determined using the Black-Scholes formula and will be recorded as a reduction in the value of Series B preferred shares.

Common Stock - As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the total number of authorized shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, was 150,000,000 of which 103,084,093 and 82,736,093 shares, respectively, were issued and outstanding.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company issued 348,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for amounts owed to a vendor and 20,000,000 shares for the conversion of Series B preferred stock.
 
 
10 — Stock Options and Warrants
 
2004 Stock Option Plan - Effective January 1, 2004, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted the 2004 Stock Option Plan for Directors, Officers, and Employees of and Consultants to InterMetro Communications, Inc. (the “2004 Plan”).  A total of 5,730,222 shares of the Company’s common stock had been reserved for issuance under the 2004 Plan. Upon stockholder ratification of the 2004 Plan pursuant to the definitive Information Statement on Schedule 14C filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 6, 2007, the Company froze any further grants of stock options under the 2004 Plan. Any shares reserved for issuance under the 2004 Plan that are not needed for outstanding options granted under that plan will be cancelled and returned to treasury shares.
 
The Company had granted a total of 5,714,819 stock options under the 2004 Plan to the officers, directors, and employees, and consultants of the Company, of which 1,261,418 expired as of September 30, 2013. In 2008, the Company issued 1,143,165 shares of common stock on the cashless exercise of 1,232,320 stock purchase options.  The remaining 3,221,081 were fully vested at September 30, 2014 and were originally granted with exercise prices ranging from $0.04 to $0.97 per share.  On November 15, 2010, in order to provide continued economic incentive to option holders, most of which were issued at prices that were “out of the money”, the Board of Directors authorized a re-pricing of all the stock options under the 2004 Plan to $0.01, the closing price of the Company’s common stock on that day.

Omnibus Stock and Incentive Plan – Effective January 19, 2007, the Board of Directors approved the 2007 Omnibus Stock and Incentive Plan (the “2007 Plan”) for directors, officers, employees, and consultants. The stockholders ratified the 2007 Plan pursuant to the Schedule 14C Information Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission which was declared effective on May 10, 2007.   Any employee or director of, or consultant for the Company or any its subsidiaries or other affiliates were eligible to receive awards under the 2007 Plan. The Company has reserved 26,099,040 shares of common stock for awards under the 2007 Plan. The 2007 Plan specifically prohibits the re-pricing of any stock options awarded under this plan.
 
In November 2007, InterMetro granted 2,350,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at an average exercise price of $0.25 per share to employees and directors. 1,095,000 of the shares granted were immediately vested at date of grant. 1,050,000 of such options have expired as of September 30, 2014.  In October 2008, InterMetro granted 600,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at an average exercise price of $0.25 per share to employees and directors. 30% vested at date of grant with the remaining vesting 1/12 per subsequent quarter over the succeeding 3 years, originally expiring 5 years from date of grant. Extension of the expiration date is currently under consideration.
 
On March 22, 2012, the Company granted 13,500,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at an average exercise price of $0.04 per share to employees and directors. 6,750,000 of the options granted were immediately vested at the date of grant. The remaining 6,750,000 options vested 25% per quarter beginning with the quarter ended June 30, 2012 and were fully vested at September 30, 2014.  In July 2012, the Company granted 200,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at $0.07 per share to employees.  50,000 of the options granted were immediately vested at the date of grant. The remaining 150,000 options vest 12.5% per quarter beginning in the quarter ended December 31, 2012.   In September 2012, the Company granted 100,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at $0.08 per share to employees.  25,000 of the options granted were immediately vested at the date of grant. The remaining 75,000 options vest 12.5% per quarter beginning in the quarter ended December 31, 2012. In November 2012, the Company granted 250,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at $0.08 per share to an employee. 125,000 of the options granted were immediately vested at the date of grant. The remaining 125,000 options vest 25% per quarter beginning in the quarter ending March 31, 2013. In February, 2013 the Company granted 350,000 stock options to purchase shares of common stock under the 2007 Plan at $0.10 per share to employees.  87,500 of the options granted were immediately vested at the date of grant. The remaining 262,500 options vest 12.5% per quarter beginning in the quarter ending June 30, 2013.
 
The Company recognized $0 and $4,000 in compensation expense related to the vesting of the stock option grants in the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $6,000 and $61,000 in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The remaining fair value is being recognized on a straight line basis over the vesting terms. As of September 30, 2014, none of the Company’s outstanding stock options under the 2007 Plan have been exercised.
 
 
The following presents a summary of activity under the Company’s 2004 and 2007 Plans for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 (unaudited):
 
   
Number
of
Shares
   
Price
per
Share
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
   
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Options outstanding at December 31, 2013
    19,521,081     $     $ 0.06       2.95     $ 263,843  
Granted
                                 
Exercised
                                 
Forfeited/expired
                                 
Options outstanding at September 30, 2014
    19,521,081     $       $ 0.06       2.25     $ 32,211  
                                         
Options exercisable at September 30, 2014
    19,455,453     $       $ 0.06       2.25     $ 32,211  
 
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value (the difference between the Company’s closing stock price on the last day of the nine month period ended September 30, 2014 and the exercises price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on September 30, 2014. This amount changes based on the fair market value of the Company’s stock.  As of September 30, 2014, there remain 9,799,040 shares available for grant.
 
Additional information with respect to the outstanding options at September 30, 2014 is as follows:
 
     
Options Outstanding
         
Options Exercisable
 
Exercise Prices
   
Number
of Shares
   
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
(in Years)
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   
Number
of Shares
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
 
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 
$ 0.01       1,049,141           $ 0.01       1,049,141     $ 0.01  
  0.01       154,039             0.01       154,039       0.01  
  0.01       431,307             0.01       431,307       0.01  
  0.01       123,231       0.25       0.01       123,231       0.01  
  0.01       277,269       1.00       0.01       277,269       0.01  
  0.25       1,900,000       3.00       0.25       1,900,000       0.25  
  0.01       338,884       1.00       0.01       338,884       0.01  
  0.01       643,880       1.25       0.01       643,880       0.01  
  0.01       110,908       1.25       0.01       110,908       0.01  
  0.01       92,423       1.50       0.01       92,423       0.01  
  0.01       13,500,000       2.50       0.01       13,500,00       0.04  
  0.01       200,00       2.75       0.07       200,00       0.07  
  0.08       350,000       3.00       0.01       350,000       0.08  
  0.10       350,000       3.50       0.10       284,372       0.10  
          19,521,081                       19,455,453          
 
As of September 30, 2014, there was $4,000 unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested share based compensation arrangements granted under the 2004 and 2007 option plans.
 
Warrants –  On April 30, 2008, the Company negotiated a revolving line of credit, which, as amended allowed the Company to borrow up to $2.4 million.  Warrants to purchase 14,233,503 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 to $0.05 per share were granted in connection with securing and amending this credit facility.  See Note 11 for a detail of the warrants issued in connection with this credit facility.

The Company has issued warrants to its secured note holders in connection with the execution of the loan agreements and subsequent amendments.  Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 7,710,448 shares of the Company’s common stock with exercise prices ranging from $0.01 to $0.50 were outstanding with these note holders as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.  See Note 7 for further details of these warrants.
 

On January 15, 2014, the Company granted warrants to purchase 501,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 in connection with the issuance of Series B preferred stock. On April 14, 2014 the Company granted warrants to purchase 150,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 and granted 150,000 warrants under the same terms on June 20, 2014 On August 1st 2014 the company granted warrants to purchase 3,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $ 0.20 in connection with the issuance of Series B preferred stock.  See Note 9 for further details of these warrants.  The Company calculated the fair value of the warrants using the following assumptions:

   
September 30, 2014
 
Risk-free interest rate
  2.58 to 2.90
Expected lives (in years)  
 
10 years
 
Dividend yield
    0 %
Expected volatility
  215 to 220 %
Forfeiture rate
    0 %
 
 11 — Credit Facilities
 
Revolving Credit Facility - The Company entered into agreements, including a Loan and Security Agreement (as subsequently amended, the “Agreement”), effective as of April 30, 2008 with Moriah pursuant to which the Company could borrow up to $2,400,000 which was subsequently increased to $2,575,000 of which $175,000 was subsequently paid down. The Agreement has been amended several times (the “Amendments”).   Warrants to purchase 14,233,503 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 to $0.05 per share were granted in connection with securing and amending this credit facility. Amendment No. 13 extended the expiration to August 16, 2012.  The balance that remained unpaid at the August 16, 2012 expiration date was carried until October 12, 2012 when, as discussed below, the Company partially paid off the Moriah facility and secured a new credit facility with another lender.

Effective October 12, 2012, the Company entered into agreements with Moriah retiring the Company’s existing credit facility by paying Moriah $1,845,000 and issuing a promissory note in favor of Moriah in the principal amount of $987,500, $250,000 of which is due September 30, 2013. The balance, issued in consideration for the cancellation of Moriah’s previously recorded put option valued at $737,500 to purchase 6,008,500 shares of the Company’s common stock, becomes due on September 30, 2014. The note accrues interest at the rate of 9% per annum and Moriah may convert the balance owed into shares of common stock with unpaid principal amounts converted at the rate of $0.25 per share and any unpaid accrued interest at the rate of $0.30 per share. Any warrants that were not previously priced at $0.01 per share of common stock were re-priced to $0.01 per share and the expiration date for all warrants will be September 30, 2019.  The value associated with the re-pricing and expiration date extension of the Moriah warrants was $190,000 and was recorded as an offset to the principal balance of the note payable to Moriah and, beginning in October 2012, was amortized into interest expense over the term of the note using the effective interest method.  The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes formula.  The expense recognized by the Company in each of the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 from the amortization of the debt discount related to the warrants was $23,000 and was $71,000 for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.

The Company incurred interest expense in connection with Moriah of $22,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 and $66,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, and loan fees and amortization of loan costs of $0 and $66,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 respectively, and $0 and $198,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 respectively

Effective October 12, 2012, the Company secured a new credit facility with Transportation Alliance Bank, Inc. (“TAB”).  The Company secured a $3,000,000 senior credit facility with TAB pursuant to which the Company was permitted to borrow $3,000,000 or up to 85% of its eligible accounts, at any time until the maturity date of September 29, 2014. This facility generally accrued interest at the greater of (i) 9.50% per annum, or (ii) the sum of the lender’s stipulated prime rate plus 6.25%.  The Company was subject to various other fees as defined in the credit facility agreement.  The Company had borrowed $2,191,998 as of December 31, 2013, respectively.  The loan provided for interest-only monthly payments, was generally secured by all of the Company’s assets subject to certain prior liens, and included financial covenants pertaining to cash flow coverage of interest and fixed charges and a requirement for a minimum level of tangible net worth. The Company recognized interest expense related to the TAB credit facility of $139,000 and $188,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company was in an over-advance position with TAB and was operating under a forbearance agreement. On August 1, 2014, the Company paid $2,219,742 to terminate its credit facility that was formerly held by TAB. The Company did not incur termination penalties in connection with such loan pay-off, did incur fees of approximately $172,000 and recorded a gain of approximately $696,000 related to the credit facility buy out. 
 
 
12 — Commitments and Contingencies
 
Facility Lease – The Company leased its facilities under a non-cancelable operating lease that expired on March 31, 2014 at an annual expense of $168,000.  The Company is currently renting on a month to month basis.  Rent expense for the Company’s facilities for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $46,000 and $48,000, respectively, and was $137,000 and $144,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
Vendor Agreements – The Company has entered into agreements with its network partners and other vendors for various services which are, in general, for periods of twelve months and provide for month to month renewal periods.

Vendor Disputes – It is not unusual in the Company’s industry to occasionally have disagreements with vendors relating to the amounts billed for services provided between the recipient of those services and the vendor, or in some cases, to receive invoices from companies that the Company does not consider a vendor.  Management does not believe that any dispute settlement would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. Management reviews available information and determines the need for recording an estimate of the potential exposure when the amount is probable, reasonable and estimable based on FASB ASC 450 “Contingencies.”

The Company has periodically received “credit hold” and disconnect notices from major telecommunications carriers.  Suspension of service by any major carrier could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations and financial condition.  These disconnect notices were generated primarily due to the non-payment of charges claimed by each carrier, including some amounts disputed by the Company.  Service has been maintained with each carrier, although further notices are possible if the Company is unable to make timely payments to its counterparties or to resolve the disputed amounts.  Such payments would be in addition to current charges generated with such carriers.

The Company has received several notices from state and local regulatory and taxing authorities for its possible failure to file certain documents pertaining to the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary ATI.  The amounts at issue with these potential filings are de minimis.

Legal Proceedings

A Network Service Provider (“NSP1”) – On May 9, 2013, the Company was served a complaint in California Superior Court filed by NSP1 against the Company asserting various causes of action.  The NSP1 claimed that the Company owed charges totaling $204,736.  The Company denies that it owes this amount based on technical failures of  NSP1.    The Company filed a cross-complaint on June 13, 2013 for damages, in excess of NSP1’s asserted claims, due to costs and losses incurred by the Company related to measures taken to ensure continued network reliability to customers and the public.  Discovery has not commenced and a court date has been set for late 2014.  The Company has previously expensed all services related to NSP1 and does not anticipate any adverse material effect from this matter.

Universal Service Administrative Company – The Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) administers the Universal Service Fund (USF).  In 2009 and 2010, the Company did not make all of the payments claimed by the USAC and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 the Company has recorded an aggregate liability of $1.5 and $1.6 million, respectively, in connection with the USF including balances under settlement arrangements.  The Company continues to work with the FCC and the Department of the Treasury to resolve these amounts in long term payment programs.  Failure to execute or finalize any significant proposed payment plan would likely have a material adverse effect on the Company.

13 — Income Taxes
 
At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had net operating loss carryforwards to offset future taxable income, if any, of approximately $42 million and $41 million, respectively, for Federal and State taxes. The Federal net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2021. The State net operating loss carryforwards began to expire in 2008.
 
 
The following is a summary of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities (in thousands):

 
   
September 30,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Current assets and liabilities:
 
 
   
 
 
Current assets and liabilities:
 
 
   
 
 
Deferred revenue
  $ 102     $ 94  
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    77       70  
Accrued expenses
    480       407  
Stock based compensation
    2       25  
      661       596  
Valuation allowance
    (661     (596 )
                 
Net current deferred tax asset
  $     $  
                 
Non-current assets and liabilities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
  $ 121     $ 111  
Net operating loss carry forward
    17,121       16,348  
      17,242       16,459  
Valuation allowance
    (17,242 )     (16,459 )
Net non-current deferred tax asset
  $     $  

The reconciliation between the statutory income tax rate and the effective rate is as follows:  
 
   
For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
 
Federal statutory tax rate
    (34 )%     (34 )%
State and local taxes
    (6 )     (6 )
Valuation reserve for income taxes                                  
    40       40  
Effective tax rate
    %     %
 
Management has concluded that it is more likely than not that the Company will not have sufficient taxable income of an appropriate character within the carryforward period permitted by current law to allow for the utilization of certain of the deductible amounts generating the deferred tax assets; therefore, a full valuation allowance has been established to reduce the net deferred tax assets to zero at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.
 
The Company has applied the provision of FASB ASC 740, “Income Taxes” which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in tax positions.  FASB ASC 740 requires the recognition of the impact of a tax position in the financial statements if that position is more likely than not of being sustained on a tax return upon examination by the relevant taxing authority, based on the technical merits of the position.  At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had no unrecognized tax benefits.
 
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to income tax matters in interest expense and operating expenses, respectively.  As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company has no accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions.
 
The Company is subject to taxation in the United States of America (“U.S.”) and files tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and California (or various) state jurisdiction (s). The Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2009. The Company currently is not under examination by any tax authority.
 

14 — Cash Flow Disclosures
 
The table following presents a summary of the Company’s supplemental cash flow information (in thousands):
 
   
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
   
(unaudited)
 
Cash paid:
       
Interest
 
$
155
   
$
142
 
                 
Non-cash information:
               
                 
Common stock issued for debt
 
$
17
   
$
 
Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock
 
$
3,000
   
$
 
 
15 — Related Party Transactions
 
Effective September 1, 2009, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with one of its board members to provide consulting services.  The Company was obligated to pay $6,250 per month plus out of pocket expenses for these services for the period September 1, 2009 to October 31, 2009, then $10,000 per month plus out of pocket expense and $15,000 beginning in February 2011.  The Company incurred consulting fees under this agreement in the amount of $45,000 and $135,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively.  The board member waived his fees for services rendered during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014. Included in accounts payable is $105,000 and $60,000 of unpaid fees at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

Commencing in December 2006, the Company entered into a three-year consulting agreement with an affiliate of a stockholder and debt holder pursuant to which the Company received services related to strategic planning, investor relations, acquisitions, and corporate governance.  The Company was obligated to pay $13,000 a month for these services, subject to annual increases.  In June 2008, the parties orally agreed to cancel the agreement and any future obligation.  Included in accrued expense is $182,000 at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 for unpaid amounts.
 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Cautionary Statements
 
This Report contains financial projections and other “forward-looking statements,” as that term is used in federal securities laws, about our financial condition, results of operations and business. These statements include, among others: statements concerning the potential for revenues and expenses and other matters that are not historical facts. These statements may be made expressly in this Report. You can find many of these statements by looking for words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” or similar expressions used in this Report. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to be materially different from any future results expressed or implied by us in those statements. The most important factors that could prevent us from achieving our stated goals include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties discussed in the “Business” “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections, as applicable, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 (the “2013 10-K”) as well as the following:
 
 
(a)
our success in renegotiating and settling the terms of our indebtedness and other liabilities;
 
 
(b)
Our ability to raise additional financing to the extent necessary to continue to operate our business;
 
 
(c)
volatility or decline of our stock price;
 
 
(d)
potential fluctuation in quarterly results;
 
 
(e)
our failure to earn revenues or profits;
 
 
(f)
inadequate capital and barriers to raising capital or to obtaining the financing needed to implement our business plans;
 
 
(g)
changes in demand for our products and services;
 
 
(h)
rapid and significant changes in markets;
 
 
(i)
litigation with or legal claims and allegations by outside parties;
 
 
(j)
insufficient revenues to cover operating costs;
 
 
(k)
the possibility we may be unable to manage our growth;
 
 
(l)
extensive competition;
 
 
(m)
loss of members of our senior management;
 
 
(n)
our dependence on local exchange carriers;
 
 
(o)
our need to effectively integrate businesses we acquire;
 
 
(p)
risks related to acceptance, changes in, and failure and security of, technology; and
 
 
(q)
regulatory interpretations and changes.
 
We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Report. The cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or persons acting on behalf of us may issue. We do not undertake any obligation to review or confirm analysts’ expectations or estimates or to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements.
 
 
Background
 
InterMetro Communications, Inc., (hereinafter, “we,” “us,”  “InterMetro” or the “Company”) is a Nevada corporation which through its wholly owned subsidiary, InterMetro Communications, Inc. (Delaware) (hereinafter, “InterMetro Delaware”), is engaged in the business of providing voice over Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) communications services.
 
General
 
We have built a national, private, proprietary voice-over Internet Protocol, or VoIP, network infrastructure offering an alternative to traditional long distance network providers. We use our network infrastructure to deliver voice calling services to traditional long distance carriers, broadband phone companies, VoIP service providers, and wireless providers, other communications companies and end users. Our VoIP network utilizes proprietary software, configurations and processes, advanced Internet Protocol, or IP, switching equipment and fiber-optic lines to deliver carrier-quality VoIP services that can be substituted transparently for traditional long distance services. We believe VoIP technology is generally more cost efficient than the circuit-based technologies predominantly used in existing long distance networks and is easier to integrate with enhanced IP communications services such as web-enabled phone call dialing, unified messaging and video conferencing services.
 
We focus on providing the national transport component of voice services over our private VoIP infrastructure. This entails connecting phone calls of carriers or end users, such as wireless subscribers, residential customers and broadband phone users, in one metropolitan market to carriers or end users in a second metropolitan market by carrying them over our VoIP infrastructure. We compress and dynamically route the phone calls on our network allowing us to carry up to approximately eight times the number of calls carried by a traditional long distance company over an equivalent amount of bandwidth. In addition, we believe our VoIP equipment costs significantly less than traditional long distance equipment and is less expensive to operate and maintain. Our proprietary network configuration enables us to quickly, without modifying the existing network, add equipment that increases our geographic coverage and calling capacity.
 
We enhanced our network’s functionality by implementing Signaling System 7, or SS-7, technology. SS-7 allows access to customers of the local telephone companies, as well as customers of wireless carriers. SS-7 is the established industry standard for reliable call completion, and it also provides interoperability between our VoIP infrastructure and traditional telephone company networks.  While we expect to continue to add to capacity, as of September 30, 2014 and 2013, the SS-7 network expansion was a fully operating and revenue generating component of our VoIP infrastructure.  A key aspect of our current business strategy is to focus on sales to increase these voice minutes.
 
Overview
 
History.  InterMetro began business as a VoIP on December 29, 2006 and began generating revenue at that time. Since then, we have increased our revenue to approximately $12 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Trends in Our Industry and Business
 
A number of trends in our industry and business could have a significant effect on our operations and our financial results. These trends include:
 
Increased competition for end users of voice services. We believe there are an increasing number of companies competing for the end users of voice services that have traditionally been serviced by the large incumbent carriers. The competition has come from wireless carriers, competitive local exchange carriers, or CLECs, and interexchange carriers, or IXCs, and more recently from broadband VoIP providers, including cable companies and DSL companies offering broadband VoIP services over their own IP networks. All of these companies provide national calling capabilities as part of their service offerings, however, most of them do not operate complete national network infrastructures. These companies previously purchased national transport services exclusively from traditional carriers, but are increasingly purchasing transport services from us.
 
Regulation. Our business has developed in an environment largely free from regulation. However, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) and many state regulatory agencies have begun to examine how VoIP services could be regulated, and a number of initiatives could have an impact on our business. These regulatory initiatives include, but are not limited to, proposed reforms for universal service, the inter-carrier compensation system, FCC rulemaking regarding emergency calling services related to broadband IP devices, and the assertion of state regulatory authority over us. Complying with regulatory developments may impact our business by increasing our operating expenses, including legal fees, requiring us to make significant capital expenditures or increasing the taxes and regulatory fees applicable to our services. One of the benefits of our implementation of SS-7 technology is to enable us to purchase facilities from incumbent local exchange carriers under switched access tariffs. By purchasing these traditional access services, we help mitigate the risk of potential new regulation related to VoIP.
 
 
Our Business Model
 
Historically, we have implemented our business plan through the expansion of our proprietary, cloud-based VoIP infrastructure. Since our inception, we have notably grown our customer base which now includes several large publicly traded telecommunications companies and retail distribution partners. In connection with the addition of customers and the provision of related voice services, we have expanded our national VoIP infrastructure.

In 2006, we dedicated significant resources to acquisition growth, completing our first acquisition of ATI in March 2006. We acquired ATI to add minutes to our network and to access new sales channels and customers. We plan to grow our business through direct sales activities and potentially through acquisitions.
 
Revenue. We currently generate revenue primarily from the sale of voice minutes that are transported across our VoIP infrastructure. In addition, our wholly owned subsidiary ATI, as a reseller, generates revenues from the sale of voice minutes that are currently transported across other telecom service providers’ networks. Since 2006 we have migrated much of the ATI revenues on to our VoIP infrastructure and intend to continue to migrate some of the remaining ATI revenues in the future. We negotiate rates per minute with our carrier customers on a case-by-case basis. The voice minutes that we sell through our retail distribution partners are typically priced at per minute rates, are packaged as calling cards and are competitive with traditional calling cards and prepaid services. Our carrier customer services agreements and our retail distribution partner agreements are typically one year in length with automatic renewals. We generally bill our customers on a weekly or monthly basis with either a prepaid balance required at the beginning of the week or month of service delivery or with net terms determined by the customers’ creditworthiness. Factors that affect our ability to increase revenue include:
 
 
·
Changes in the average rate per minute that we charge our customers.
  
Our voice services are sold on a price per minute basis. The rate per minute for each customer varies based on several factors, including volume of voice services purchased, a customer’s creditworthiness, and, increasingly, use of our SS-7 based services, which are priced higher than our other voice transport services.
 
 
·
Increasing the net number of customers utilizing our VoIP services.
 
Our ability to increase revenue is primarily based on the number of carrier customers and retail distribution partners that we are able to attract and retain, as revenue is generated on a recurring basis from our customer base. We expect increases in our customer base primarily through the expansion of our direct sales force and our marketing programs. Our customer retention efforts are primarily based on providing high quality voice services and superior customer service.
 
 
·
Increasing the average revenue we generate per customer.
 
We increase the revenue generated from existing customers by expanding the number of geographic markets connected to our VoIP infrastructure. Also, we are typically one of several providers of voice transport services for our larger customers, and can gain a greater share of a customer’s revenue by consistently providing high quality voice service.
 
 
·
Acquisitions.
 
Although we have not actively pursued acquisitions since 2009, as the world economy rebounds we anticipate a review of the acquisition strategy as one possible method for expanding our revenue base through the acquisition of other voice service providers.  In that context, we would plan to acquire businesses whose primary cost component is voice services or whose technologies expand or enhance our VoIP service offerings.
 
We expect that our revenue will increase in the future primarily through the addition of new customers gained from our direct sales and marketing activities and from acquisitions.
 
 
Network Costs. Our network, or operating, costs are primarily comprised of fixed cost and usage based network components. In addition, ATI incurs usage based costs from its underlying telecom service providers. We generally pay our fixed network component providers at the beginning or end of the month in which the service is provided and we pay for usage based components on a weekly or monthly basis after the delivery of services. Some of our vendors require a prepayment or a deposit based on recurring monthly expenditures or anticipated usage volumes. Our fixed network costs include:
 
 
·
SS-7 based interconnection costs.
 
We added a significant amount of capacity, measured by the number of simultaneous phone calls our VoIP infrastructure can connect in a geographic market, by connecting directly to local phone companies through SS-7 based interconnections purchased on a monthly recurring fixed cost basis. As we expand our network capacity and expand our network to new geographic markets, SS-7 based interconnection capacity will be the primary component of our fixed network costs. Until we are able to increase revenues based on our SS-7 services, these fixed costs significantly reduce the gross profit earned on our revenue.
 
 
·
Competitive local exchange carrier costs.
 
The interconnections between our VoIP infrastructure and our customers’ end users, as well as our retail customers, have historically been purchased on a monthly recurring fixed cost basis from competitive local exchange carriers, or CLECs. Historically, CLEC interconnections had been our largest component of fixed network costs.
 
 
·
Other fixed costs.
 
Other significant fixed costs components of our VoIP infrastructure include private fiber-optic circuits and private managed IP bandwidth that interconnect our geographic markets, monthly leasing costs for the collocation space used to house our networking equipment in various geographic markets, local loop circuits that are purchased to connect our VoIP infrastructure to our customers and usage based vendors within each geographic market. Other fixed network costs include depreciation expense on our network equipment and monthly subscription fees paid to various network administrative services.
 
The usage-based cost components of our network include:
 
 
·
Off-net costs.
 
In order to provide services to our customers in geographic areas where we do not have existing or sufficient VoIP infrastructure capacity, we purchase transport services from traditional long distance providers and resellers, as well as from other VoIP infrastructure companies. We refer to these costs as “off-net” costs. Off-net costs are billed on a per minute basis with rates that vary significantly based on the particular geographic area to which a call is being connected.
 
 
·
SS-7 based interconnections with local carriers.
 
The SS-7 based interconnection services and those we intend to purchase for the provision of a majority of our future services, include a usage based, per minute cost component. The rates per minute for this usage based component are significantly lower than the per minute rates for off-net services. The usage based costs for SS-7 services are expected to be the largest cost component of our network as we grow revenue utilizing SS-7 technology.
 
 
Our fixed-cost network components generally do not experience significant price fluctuations. Factors that affect these network components include:
 
 
·
Efficient utilization of fixed-cost network components.
 
Our customers utilize our services in identifiable fixed daily and weekly patterns. Customer usage patterns are characterized by relatively short periods of high volume usage, leaving a significant amount of time during each day where the network components remain idle.
 
Our ability to attract customers with different traffic patterns, such as customers who cater to residential calling services, which typically spike during evening hours, with customers who sell enterprise services primarily for use during business hours, increases the overall utilization of our fixed-cost network components. This decreases our overall cost of operations as a percentage of revenues.

 
·
Strategic purchase of fixed-cost network components.
 
Our ability to purchase the appropriate amount of fixed-cost network capacity to (1) adequately accommodate periods of higher call volume from existing customers, (2) anticipate future revenue growth attributed to new customers, and (3) expand services for new and existing customers in new geographic markets is a key factor in managing the percentage of fixed costs we incur as a percentage of revenue.
 
From time to time, we also make strategic decisions to add capacity with newly deployed technologies, such as the SS-7 based services, which require purchasing a large amount of network capacity in many geographic markets prior to the initiation of customer revenue.
 
We expect that both our fixed-cost and usage-based network costs will increase in the future primarily due to the expansion of our VoIP infrastructure and use of off-net providers related to the expected growth in our revenues.
 
Our usage-based network components costs are affected by:
 
 
·
Fluctuations in per minute rates of off-net service providers.
 
Increasing the volume of services we purchase from our vendors typically lowers our average off-net rate per minute, based on volume discounts. Another factor in the determination of our average rate per minute is the mix of voice services we use by carrier type, with large fluctuations based on the carrier type of the end user which can be local exchange carriers, wireless providers or other voice service providers.
 
 
·
Sales mix of our VoIP infrastructure capacity versus off-net services.
 
Our ability to sell services connecting our on-net geographic markets, rather than off-net areas, affects the volume of usage based off-net services we purchase as a percentage of revenue.
 
 
·
Acquisitions of telecommunications businesses.
 
Should we resume our acquisition activities of telecommunications companies, the completion of these acquisitions and resulting addition of the acquired company’s traffic and revenue to our operations may cause us to incur increased usage-based network costs. These increased costs will come from traffic that remains with the acquired company’s pre-existing carrier and from any of the acquired company’s traffic that we migrate to our SS-7 services or our off-net carriers. We may also experience decreases in usage based charges for traffic of the acquired company that we migrate to our network. The migration of traffic onto our network requires network construction to the acquired company’s customer base, which may take several months or longer to complete.
 
 
Sales and Marketing Expense . Sales and marketing expenses include salaries, sales commissions, benefits, travel and related expenses for our direct sales force, marketing and sales support functions. Our sales and marketing expenses also include payments to our agents that source carrier customers and retail distribution partners. Agents are primarily paid commissions based on a percentage of the revenues that their customer relationships generate. In addition, from time to time we may cover a portion or all of the expenses related to printing physical cards and related posters and other marketing collateral. All marketing costs associated with increasing our retail consumer user base are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. We expect that our sales and marketing expenses will increase in the future primarily due to increases in our direct sales force.
 
General and Administrative Expense . General and administrative expenses include salaries, benefits and expenses for our executive, finance, legal and human resources personnel. In addition, general and administrative expenses include fees for professional services, occupancy costs and our insurance costs, and depreciation expense on our non-network depreciable assets. Our general and administrative expenses also include stock-based compensation on option grants to our employees and options and warrant grants to non-employees for goods and services received.
 
Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the results of our operations expressed as a percentage of revenue:

   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net revenues
    100 %     100 %
Network costs
    104       95  
Gross profit
    (4 )     5  
Operating expenses:
               
Sales and marketing
    5       3  
General and administrative
    51       27  
Total operating expenses
    56       30  
Operating loss
    (60     (25
Gain on forgiveness of debt
    58        
Interest expense
    (10     (11
                 
Net loss
    (12 )%     (36 )%
 
Net Revenues. Net revenues decreased $1.2 million, or 50%, to $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Though we have continued to increase new customers, this has been offset by the loss of certain customers combined with decreased revenues from existing customers.

 Network Costs. Network costs decreased $1 million, or45.2%, to $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013.  Gross margin decreased to 4.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from a gross margin of 4.8% for the three months ended September 30, 2013.  The increase in cost as a percentage of revenues and the decrease in gross margin were related primarily to changes in traffic patterns during the three months ended September 30, 2014.
 
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $22,000, or 26.2% to $62,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $84,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2013. Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 5.2% and 3.5% for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The decrease is primarily related to a reduction in sales payroll cost and a decrease in marketing activities.
 
General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses decreased $31,000 or 4.9% to $607,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2014 from $638,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2013. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 50.6% and 26.6% for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The decrease in general and administrative expense is significantly attributable to a decrease in payroll cost.
 
Interest Expense, net. Interest expense, net decreased $139,000, or 52.5%, to $126,000 for the three months ended September30, 2014 from $265,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2013. The most significant factor in the reduction of interest expense was the cessation of a $22,000 monthly interest fee accrual related to a previous credit facility and the pay off of a revolving credit facility.   

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and 2013
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the results of our operations expressed as a percentage of revenue:

   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net revenues
    100 %     100 %
Network costs
    86       88  
Gross profit
    14       12  
Operating expenses:
               
Sales and marketing
    4       4  
General and administrative
    33       24  
Total operating expenses
    37       28  
Operating loss
    (23 )     (16 )
Gain on forgiveness of debt
    16       7  
Interest expense
    (11 )     (8 )
                 
Net loss
    (18 )%     (17 )%
 
Net Revenues. Net revenues decreased approximately $4.4 million, or 46%, to $5.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $9.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.  The top ten customers account for 53% and 67% of net revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
  
Network Costs. Network costs decreased $4.0 million, or 47.0%, to $4.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.  Included within total network costs, variable network costs decreased by $4.0 million to $3.8 million (73.4% of revenues) for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $7.8 million (80.8% of revenues) for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.  Fixed network costs decreased by $179,000 to $475,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $654,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.  Gross margin increased to 13.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from a gross margin of 12.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The increase in gross margin is attributable to increased utilization of direct network elements as well as to an increase in higher margin products and services as the Company has transitioned away from lower margin resold network elements.
 
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $220,000, or 54.5%, to $184,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $404,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 3.6% and 4.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The decrease is primarily related to a reduction in sales payroll cost and a decrease in marketing activities.
 
General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses decreased $525,000 or 23.3% to $1.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $2.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 33.4% and 23.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The reduction in general and administrative expenses was primarily attributable to a reduction in payroll cost.
 
 Accounts Payable Write Off and Gain on Forgiveness of Debt.   During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company entered into cash payment plan agreements with vendors for amounts less than the liability recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses. As a result of these agreements, the Company recorded a gain on forgiveness of debt of $139,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014.  In addition, the Company recorded a gain from the retirement of credit facility of $696,000.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company made final payments on two payment plans that resulted in the realization of contingent gains. As a result of the realization of contingent gains, the Company recorded a gain on forgiveness of debt of $683,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.
 

Interest Expense, net.  Interest expense, net decreased $238,000, or 30.1%, to $553,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 from $791,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013.  The most significant factor in the reduction of interest expense was the cessation of a $22,000 monthly interest fee accrual related to a previous credit facility and the payoff of a revolving credit facility.   

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At September 30, 2014, we had $261,998 in cash as compared to cash of $116,000 at December 31, 2013.  The Company’s working capital position, defined as current assets less current liabilities, has historically been negative and was negative $9.6 million at September 30, 2014 and negative $12.1 million at December 31, 2013.

Significant changes in cash flows from September 30, 2014 as compared to September 30, 2013:
 
Net cash used in operating activities was $1,854,024 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 as compared to net cash used in operating activities of $679,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The most significant components of the change that contributed to a decrease in cash from operating activities was the $912,929 net loss, in addition to $835,000 of non cash gains that also decreased cash from operating activities.

Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $275,279 and included the purchase of computer and network equipment of $24,129 and software development costs of $251,150. Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $273,000 and included the purchase of computer and network equipment of $74,000 and software development costs of $286,000.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $2,274,790 and consisted primarily of $3,800,000 in proceeds from the sale of Series B offset by payments on and retirement of the company’s credit line that exceeded proceeds from the credit facility.   Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $728,000 and consisted primarily of $395,000 in proceeds from the sale of Series A2 preferred stock and net proceeds exceeding payments on the company’s credit line by $361,000
 
The Company had a working capital deficit of $9,680,000 and had a total stockholders’ deficit of $9,515,000 as of September 30, 2014.  The Company had a net loss of $913,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. In addition, the Company’s revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $5.2 million as compared to $9.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern will require additional financings if its ability to generate cash from operations does not fund required payments on its debt obligations.  Obligations to the Company’s debt holders include interest and principal payments to its secured note holders and settlement payments due. The Company has other significant matters of importance, including contingencies such as vendor disputes and lawsuits that could have material adverse consequences, including cessation of operations to the Company at any time.
 
   If the Company were to require additional financings in order to fund ongoing operations, there can be no assurance that it will be successful in completing the required financings that could ultimately cause the Company to cease operations.  The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.  There are many claims and obligations that could ultimately cause the Company to cease operations. The report from the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm relating to the year ended December 31, 2013 states that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

Management believes that the losses in past years were primarily attributable to continued decline in revenues and additional costs incurred related to building out and supporting a telecommunications infrastructure, and the requirement for continued expansion of the customer base, in order for the Company to become profitable. This resulted in the Company taking on debt and delaying payment to certain vendors.  The Company may be required to obtain other financing during the next twelve months or thereafter as a result of future business developments, including any acquisitions of business assets or any shortfall of cash flows generated by future operations in meeting the Company’s ongoing cash requirements. Such financing alternatives could include selling additional equity or debt securities, obtaining long or short-term credit facilities, or selling operating assets. Management continues to work with its historical vendors in order to secure the continued extension of credit. Management believes that cash flows from operations and additional debt conversions are integral to management’s plan to retire past due obligations and be positioned for growth.  No assurance can be given, however, that the Company will be successful in restructuring its debt on terms favorable to the Company or at all. Should the Company be unsuccessful in this restructuring, material adverse consequences to the Company could occur such as cessation of its operations.  Any sale of additional common stock or convertible equity or debt securities would result in additional dilution to the Company’s stockholders.
 
 
 Debt

Revolving Credit Facility The Company entered into agreements, including a Loan and Security Agreement (as subsequently amended, the “Agreement”), effective as of April 30, 2008 with Moriah Capital, L.P. (“Moriah”), pursuant to which the Company could borrow up to $2,400,000 which was subsequently increased to $2,575,000 of which $175,000 was subsequently paid down. The Agreement has been amended several times (the “Amendments”).   Amendment No. 13 extended the expiration to August 16, 2012.  The balance that remained unpaid at the August 16, 2012 expiration date and at September 30, 2012 was carried until October 12, 2012 when, as discussed below, the Company secured a new credit facility.  (See Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for detailed discussion.)

Effective October 12, 2012 the Company secured a new credit facility with Transportation Alliance Bank, Inc. (“TAB Bank”).  and entered into agreements with Moriah to pay off its debt. The Company had secured a $3,000,000 senior credit facility with TAB Bank pursuant to which the Company was permitted to borrow $3,000,000, up to 85% of its eligible accounts, at any time until the maturity date of September 29, 2014. This facility generally accrued interest at the greater of (i) 9.50% per annum, or (ii) the sum of the lender’s stipulated prime rate plus 6.25%.   The loan provided for interest-only monthly payments, was generally secured by all the Company’s assets but subject to certain prior liens, and included financial covenants pertaining to cash flow coverage of interest and fixed charges and a requirement for a minimum level of tangible net worth. The Company was in an over-advance position with TAB Bank and was operating under a forbearance agreement. On August 1, 2014, the Company paid $2,219,742 to terminate its credit facility that was formerly held by TAB.

Effective October 12, 2012 the Company renegotiated terms with its secured note holders. The renegotiated terms included conversion of certain loan balances to common stock, the issuance of warrants and the establishment of new payment terms. The secured note holders converted $1,521,843 that the Company owed into 10,145,523 shares of common stock at $0.15 per share and the Company issued warrants with a term of seven years to purchase 1,521,843 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. The value associated with these warrants is $101,000.  The remaining outstanding balance of $2,374,281, of which $764,221 is eligible to be converted to common stock at the election of the lenders at a rate of $0.50 per share of common stock, included $878,466 owed to related parties. This remaining balance was to be paid in interest only payments of approximately $12,000 per month from January 1, 2013 through September 1, 2013 followed by principal and interest payments of approximately $72,000 per month from September 1, 2013 until September 30, 2014. Most of the scheduled principal and interest payments were not made and the Company paid a total of approximately $19,000 during the twelve months ended December 31, 2013. Of the remaining balances, $923,576 matured on September 30, 2014 with the final payment of all principal and accrued interest at maturity on December 31, 2014. As part of the renegotiated terms with the secured note holders the Company issued additional warrants with a term of seven years to purchase 2,145,000 shares of common stock at a price of $0.25 per share and 650,000 shares of common stock at a price of $0.01 per share.  The value associated with these secured note holder warrants was $91,000 recorded as an offset to the principal balance of the secured notes and, beginning in October 2012, has been amortized into interest expenses over the term of the notes using the effective interest method.  The warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes formula.  The Company recognized a $472,000 gain on the conversion of debt to common stock in 2012.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and the Use of Estimates
 
Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, costs and expenses and related disclosures. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. We evaluate our estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
We believe that the following accounting policies involve the greatest degree of judgment and complexity. Accordingly, these are the policies we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Revenue Recognition.
 
We recognize our VoIP services revenues when services are provided, primarily on usage. Revenues derived from sales of calling cards through related distribution partners are deferred upon the sale of the cards. These deferred revenues are recognized as revenues generally when all usage of the cards occurs. The Company has revenue sharing agreements based on successful collections.  The Company recognizes revenue from these customers at time of invoicing based on the history of collections with such customers. We recognize revenue in the period that services are delivered and when the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the fees are fixed and determinable, no significant performance obligations remain for us and collection of the related receivable is reasonably assured. Our deferred revenues consist of fees received or billed in advance of the delivery of the services or services performed in which cash receipt is not reasonably assured. This revenue is recognized when the services are provided and no significant performance obligations remain or when cash is received for previously performed services. Revenue from the sale of software and related equipment is generally recognized upon receipt by the customer. We assess the likelihood of collection based on a number of factors, including past transaction history with the customer and the credit worthiness of the customer. Generally, we do not request collateral from our customers. If we determine that collection of revenues are not reasonably assured, we defer the recognition of revenue until the time collection becomes reasonably assured, which is generally upon receipt of cash.
 
Stock-Based Compensation.

The Company has adopted FASB ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation”.   The Company is applying the “modified prospective transition method” under which it continues to account for nonvested equity awards outstanding at the date of adoption of FASB ASC 718 in the same manner as they had been accounted for prior to adoption, that is, it would continue to apply APB 25 in future periods to equity awards outstanding at the date it adopted FASB ASC 718, unless the options are modified or amended.
 
For grants to employees under the 2004 plan and 2007 plan in the year ended December 31, 2008, the Company estimated the fair value of each option award on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model using the assumptions noted in the following table.  Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of a peer group of publicly traded entities.  The expected term of the options granted is derived from the average midpoint between vesting and the contractual term, as described in the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107, “Share-Based Payment.”  The risk-free rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.
 
Accounts Receivable and the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Accounts receivable consist of trade receivables arising in the normal course of business. We do not charge interest on our trade receivables. The allowance for doubtful accounts is our best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our existing accounts receivable. We review our allowance for doubtful accounts monthly. We determine the allowance based upon historical write-off experience, payment history and by reviewing significant past due balances for individual collectability. If estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts subsequently prove insufficient, additional allowance may be required.
 
Software Development Cost

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred.  However, the costs incurred for the development of computer software that will be sold, leased, or otherwise marketed are capitalized when technological feasibility has been established. These capitalized technological costs are subject to an ongoing assessment of recoverability based on anticipated future revenues and changes in hardware and software technologies.  Amortization of the capitalized software development costs begins when the product is available for general release to customers.  Amortization is computed as the ratio of current gross revenues of a product to the total of current and anticipated future gross revenues for the product.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
We assess impairment of our other long-lived assets in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”. An impairment review is performed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Factors considered by us include:
 
 
·   Significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results;
 
 
·   Significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business; and
 
 
·   Significant negative industry or economic trends.
 
When we determine that the carrying value of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable based upon the existence of one or more of the above indicators of impairment, an estimate is made of the future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If the sum of the expected future undiscounted cash flows and eventual disposition is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset, based on the fair market value if available, or discounted cash flows if not. To date, we have not had an impairment of long-lived assets and are not aware of the existence of any indicators of impairment.
 
 
Goodwill

We record goodwill when consideration paid in a business acquisition exceeds the fair value of the net tangible assets and the identified intangible assets acquired in accordance with FASB ASC 350, Goodwill and Other. FASB ASC 350 requires that goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives not be amortized, but instead be tested for impairment at least annually or whenever changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the goodwill may not be recoverable FASB ASC 350 also requires the Company to amortize intangible assets over their respective finite lives up to their estimated residual values.  At September 30, 2014, management does not believe there is any impairment in the value of goodwill.
 
Accounting for Income Taxes
 
We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method in accordance with FASB ASC 740 “Income Taxes”, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and tax bases of the assets and liabilities. We periodically review the likelihood that we will realize the value of our deferred tax assets and liabilities to determine if a valuation allowance is necessary. We have concluded that it is more likely than not that we will not have sufficient taxable income of an appropriate character within the carry forward period permitted by current law to allow for the utilization of certain of the deductible amounts generating deferred tax assets; therefore, a full valuation allowance has been established to reduce the deferred tax assets to zero at September 30, 2014 and 2013. In addition, we operate within multiple domestic taxing jurisdictions and are subject to audit in those jurisdictions. These audits can involve complex issues, which may require an extended period of time for resolution. Although we believe that our financial statements reflect a reasonable assessment of our income tax liability, it is possible that the ultimate resolution of these issues could significantly differ from our original estimates.
 
Contingencies and Litigation
 
We evaluate contingent liabilities including threatened or pending litigation in accordance with FASB ASC 450 “Contingencies” and record accruals when the outcome of these matters is deemed probable and the liability is reasonably estimable. We make these assessments based on the facts and circumstances and in some instances based in part on the advice of outside legal counsel.
 
It is not unusual in our industry to occasionally have disagreements with vendors relating to the amounts billed for services provided. We currently have disputes with vendors that we believe did not bill certain charges correctly. We are in discussion with these vendors regarding these charges and may take additional action as deemed necessary against these vendors in the future as part of the dispute resolution process.

Contractual Obligations
 
The operating lease for our corporate offices expired March 31, 2014 and we are renting our facility on a month by month basis as we renegotiate the lease. The monthly lease payment is $14,000.  There are no significant provisions in our agreements with our network partners that are likely to create, increase, or accelerate obligations due thereunder other than changes in usage fees that are directly proportional to the volume of activity in the normal course of our business operations.
 

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 

The registrant is a smaller reporting company and, therefore, is not required to provide the information under this item.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer.

The Company maintains a set of disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls are also designed with the objective of ensuring that this information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Based upon their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer were not able to conclude that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be included in the Company’s periodic Securities and Exchange Commission filings is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.  Therefore, under Section 404 of the Sarbanne’s-Oxley Act of 2002, the Company must conclude that these controls and procedures are not effective.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months  ended September 30, 2014 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
See Note 12 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 See Risk Factors in the Form 10-K filed by the Company on April 15, 2014.
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
One July 31, 2014, the Company sold 3,000,000 shares of Series B preferred stock together with warrants to purchase 3,000,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 in exchange for a total purchase price of $3,000,000. The securities were sold to an accredited investor in a private placement exempt from registration under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The value associated with the accompanying warrants was $35,000 and determined using the Black-Scholes formula.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.
  
Item 5. Other Information
 
None 

Item 6. Exhibits
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
INTERMETRO COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
     
Dated: November 19, 2014
By: 
/s/ Charles Rice
   
Charles Rice, Chairman of the Board,
Chief Executive Officer, and President
     
     
Dated: November 19, 2014
By:
/s/ James Winter
   
James Winter
Chief Financial Officer
 

 
 
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