10-Q 1 form10-q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT form10-q.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q


[X] QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THESECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2011
 
[  ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THESECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to ____________

Commission File Number 000-49752

LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
 
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)
(Exact name of small business issuer in its charter)



Colorado
84-1570556
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation) 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.) 
 
601 Union Street, Suite 4500 Seattle, WA
98101
(Address of principal executive offices) 
(Zip Code) 
   

206-838-9735
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YesT           Noo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 
Yes o  No o Not Applicable T

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)
Yeso            No T

As of May 9, 2011, the registrant had 62,910,000 shares of its common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.
 
1

 

LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)
__________________

INDEX
to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2011
                                          
     
Page
       
CAUTIONARY NOTICE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS  3
       
PART I
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
       
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited)
4
       
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2011 (unaudited) and December 31, 2010
4
       
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)
5
       
   
 Consolidated Statements of Stockholder's Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)
 6
       
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 (unaudited)
7
       
   
Notes to Financial Statements
8
       
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
15
       
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
21
       
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
21
       
PART II
 
OTHER INFORMATION
 
       
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
22
       
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
22
       
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
22
       
 
Item 4.
(Removed and Reserved.)
22
       
 
Item 5.
Other Information
22
       
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
23
       
SIGNATURES    
24
       
EXHIBITS       
 
 
 
2

 

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, all references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q  to “we,” “us,” “our,” and the “Company” are to Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd., a Colorado corporation.

CAUTIONARY NOTICE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

We desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Report”) contains a number of forward-looking statements that reflect management’s current views and expectations with respect to our business, strategies, future results and events, and financial performance. All statements made in this Report other than statements of historical fact, including statements that address operating performance, the economy, events or developments that management expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future, including statements related to revenues, profitability, adequacy of funds from operations, and cash flows and financing are forward-looking statements. In particular, the words such as “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “may,” “will,” “can,” “plan,” “predict,” “could,” “future,” variations of such words, and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements and their absence does not mean that the statement is not forward-looking.

Readers should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are based on management’s current expectations and projections about future events, are not guarantees of future performance, are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions and apply only as of the date of this Report. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from historical results as well as the results expressed in, anticipated or implied by these forward-looking statements.

For a more detailed discussion of some of the factors that may affect our business, results and prospects, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2011, as well as various disclosures made by us in this Report and in our other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our periodic reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 
3

 




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS LTD.
 
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc. )
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
             
   
(Unaudited)
       
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
ASSETS
 
2011
   
2010
 
Current assets
           
     Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 52,794     $ 100,894  
     Accounts receivable
    13,751       11,377  
     Other assets
    14,800       19,551  
          Total current assets
    81,345       131,822  
                 
Oil and gas properties - full cost method of accoutting
               
     Proven properties
    630,215       628,600  
     Unproven properties
    138,785       -  
          Total oil and gas properties
    769,000       628,600  
Deposits
    3,740       3,740  
                 
Total assets
  $ 854,085     $ 764,162  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current liabilities
               
     Accounts payable
  $ 52,333     $ 14,561  
     Accounts payable - related party
    12,264       370  
          Total current liabilities
    64,597       14,931  
                 
Commitments and contingencies
    -       -  
                 
Stockholders' equity
               
     Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,00 shares
               
          authorized; issued and oustanding: nil
    -       -  
     Common stock, $0.001 par value;  400,000,000 share
               
          authorized; issued and outstanding: 62,660,000
               
          and 62,360,000 respectively
    62,660       62,360  
     Additional paid-in capital
    1,130,172       980,472  
     Accumulated deficit
    (403,344 )     (293,601 )
Total stockholders' equity
    789,488       749,231  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
  $ 854,085     $ 764,162  
                 
                 
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements)
 
                 
                 
 
 
4

 

LEGEND OIL AND GAS LTD.
 
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
 
(Unaudited)
 
             
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,
2011
      March 31,
2010
 
             
REVENUE
  $ 45,820     $ -  
                 
COSTS AND OPERATING EXPENSES
               
     Lease operating expenses
    33,651       -  
     Professional fees
    53,216       -  
     Management fees
    40,200       -  
     Travel fees
    879       -  
     Office and administration fees
    6,123       256  
     Marketing and filing fees
    21,580       300  
          Operating expenses
    155,649       556  
                 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS
    (109,829 )     (556 )
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
               
     Interest income
    86       -  
     Loan interest
    -       (1,345 )
          Total other income (expense)
    86       (1,345 )
                 
NET LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
    (109,743 )     (1,901 )
                 
Loss from discontinued operations
    -       (315 )
                 
Net loss
  $ (109,743 )   $ (2,216 )
                 
Basic and diluted net loss per share
               
    Continuing operations
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
    Discontinued operations
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
    Net loss
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
                 
Weighted average number of shares - basic and diluted
    62,546,667       145,560,000  
                 
                 
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements)
 
                 
                 

 
5

 

LEGEND OIL AND GAS LTD.
 
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
(Unaudited)
 
                                           
                                       
Total
 
   
Common Stock
   
Preferred Stock
   
Additional
   
Accumulated
   
Stockholders'
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
paid-in capital
   
(deficit)
   
Equity
 
                                           
Balance, December 31, 2009
    145,560,000     $ 145,560       100,000     $ 100     $ (123,096 )   $ (135,487 )   $ (112,923 )
                                                         
Shareholder contribution, rent
    -       -       -       -       225       -       225  
                                                         
Write-off of loans and interest payable to shareholder
    -       -       -       -       120,043       -       120,043  
                                                         
Cancellation of stock by a shareholder
    (85,000,000 )     (85,000 )     (100,000 )     (100 )     85,100       -       -  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock and warrants October 2010
    1,300,000       1,300       -       -       648,700       -       650,000  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock December 2010
    500,000       500       -       -       249,500       -       250,000  
                                                         
Net loss, year end December 31, 2010
    -       -       -       -       -       (158,114 )     (158,114 )
                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2010
    62,360,000       62,360       -       -       980,472       (293,601 )     749,231  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock and warrants February 2011
    300,000       300       -       -       149,700       -       150,000  
                                                         
Net loss, period ended March 31, 2011
    -       -       -       -       -       (109,743 )     (109,743 )
                                                         
Balance, March 31, 2011
    62,660,000     $ 62,660       -     $ -     $ 1,130,172     $ (403,344 )   $ 789,488  
                                                         
                                                         
(The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements)
 

 
6

 

LEGEND OIL AND GAS LTD.
 
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
(Unaudited)
 
             
   
For the three-months ended
 
   
March 31,
   
March 31,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
           
      Net loss
  $ (109,743 )   $ (2,216 )
      Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cashflows from operating activities:
               
           Rent contributed by shareholder
    -       225  
   Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
           Accounts receivable
    (2,374 )     -  
           Other assets
    4,751       -  
           Accounts payable - including related party
    40,028       (1,550 )
            Accrued interest on notes payable - offering
    -       (1,507 )
           Accrued interest - shareholder loans
    -       867  
                              Net cash flows from operating activities
    (67,338 )     (4,181 )
                 
 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
               
      Purchase of oil and gas properties
    (130,762 )     -  
                              Net cash flows from investing activities
    (130,762 )     -  
                 
 CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
               
      Loan from shareholder
    -       4,000  
      Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants
    150,000       -  
                             Net cash flows from financing activities
    150,000       4,000  
                 
 NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (48,100 )     (181 )
                 
 CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS,
               
      BEGINNING OF PERIOD
    100,894       489  
      END OF PERIOD
  $ 52,794     $ 308  
                 
                 
 SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION
               
      Cash paid for interest
  $ -     $ 2,000  
                 
 NON-CASH INVESTING ACTIVITIES                
      Purchase of oil and gas properties    9,638     -  
                 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
 
 
 
 
7

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF OPERATIONS
 
Description of Business

Legend Oil & Gas, Ltd. (formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.) (the “Company”) and its wholly owned subsidiary, Senior-Inet, Inc., were incorporated under the laws of the State of Colorado on November 27, 2000. From its inception until June 2010, the Company pursued its original business plan of developing a web portal listing senior resources across the United States through its wholly-owned subsidiary Senior-Inet, Inc. On July 29, 2010, Senior-Inet, Inc. was dissolved and the Company changed its business to the acquisition, exploration, development and production of oil and gas reserves. To align its name with its new business, on November 29, 2010, the Company changed its name from SIN Holdings, Inc. to Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd.

As a first step in implementing its new business plan, on October 29, 2010, the Company acquired a one hundred percent (100.00%) working interest in each of eight producing oil and gas leases located in the Piqua region of the state of Kansas held by Piqua Petro Inc., a Kansas corporation (“Piqua”). The Company acquired additional oil and gas properties located in North Dakota during 2011.

NOTE 2 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and Senior-Inet, Inc., until the subsidiary’s dissolution on July 29, 2010. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in the consolidation. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and footnotes for the year ended December 31, 2010, included in the Company's current report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2011. All normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the results for the interim periods are refelected herein. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2011.

The Company was in the development stage from June 1, 2010 through September 30, 2010 as it transitioned its business from developing a web portal to exploring for and producing oil and gas reserves.  At December 31, 2010, primarily due to its acquisition of the Piqua leasehold interests, the Company was considered an operating company and was no longer in the development stage. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

In October 2010, the Company conducted a twenty-for-one forward stock split, which resulted in 60,560,000 shares of common stock outstanding at that time. The consolidated financial statements are shown on a post-stock split basis.
 
Discontinued Operations

On June 1, 2010, the Company abandoned the www.senior-inet.com web portal business and on July 29, 2010,  dissolved Senior-Inet, Inc. and wrote down the carrying value of the web portal business to its salvage value of zero. The assets, liabilities, results of operations and cash flows related to the web portal business are classified as discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010.

 
8

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)




NOTE 3 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Management’s judgments and estimates in these areas are to be based on information available from both internal and external sources, including engineers, geologists, consultants and historical experience in similar matters. The more significant reporting areas impacted by management’s judgments and estimates are accruals related to oil and gas sales and expenses, estimates of future oil and gas reserves, estimates used in the impairment of oil and gas properties, and the estimated future timing and cost of asset retirement obligations.

Actual results could differ from the estimates as additional information becomes known. The carrying values of oil and gas properties are particularly susceptible to change in the near term.  Changes in the future estimated oil and gas reserves or the estimated future cash flows attributable to the reserves that are utilized for impairment analysis could have a significant impact on the future results of operations.

Full Cost Method of Accounting for Oil and Gas Properties

The Company has elected to utilize the full cost method of accounting for its oil and gas activities. In accordance with the full cost method of accounting, all costs associated with acquisition, exploration, and development of oil and gas reserves, including directly related overhead costs and related asset retirement costs, are capitalized.

All capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, including the estimated future costs to develop proved reserves, are amortized on the unit-of-production method using estimates of proved reserves. The Company has not yet obtained reserve reports due to its recent commencement of operations.  As of March 31, 2011, there were no capitalized costs subject to amortization.

Oil and gas properties without estimated proved reserves are not amortized until proved reserves associated with the properties can be determined or until impairment occurs. The cost of these properties is assessed quarterly, on a field-by-field basis, to determine whether the properties are recorded at the lower of cost or fair market value.

Sales of oil and gas properties are accounted for as adjustments of capitalized costs with no gain or loss recognized, unless such adjustments would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves of oil and gas, in which case the gain or loss is recognized in income. The Company has not sold any oil and gas properties.

Full Cost Ceiling Test

At the end of each quarterly reporting period, the cost of oil and gas properties are subject to a “ceiling test” which basically limits capitalized costs to the sum of the estimated future net revenues from proved reserves, discounted at 10% per annum to present value, based on current economic and operating conditions, adjusted for related income tax effects.  As of March 31, 2011, no impairment charges have been recognized.

 
9

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


NOTE 3 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Asset Retirement Obligation

The Company records the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation in the period in which the asset is acquired and a corresponding increase in the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made.  The associated asset retirement cost capitalized as part of the related asset is allocated to expense over the asset’s useful life. If the liability is settled for an amount other than the recorded amount, a gain or loss is recognized.

The Company does not have material asset retirement obligations as of March 31, 2011.

Financial Instruments

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments, consisting of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other assets, and accounts payable, closely approximate the carrying amounts due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Oil and Gas Revenue Recognition

The Company uses the sales method of accounting for oil and gas revenues. Under this method, revenues are recognized based on the actual volumes of gas and oil sold to purchasers at a fixed or determinable price, when delivery has occurred and title has transferred, and if collectability of the revenue is probable. Delivery occurs and title is transferred when production has been delivered to a purchaser’s pipeline or truck. The volume sold may differ from the volumes the Company is entitled to, based on its individual interest in the property.  The Company utilizes a third party marketer to sell oil and gas production in the open market.  As a result of the requirements necessary to gather information from purchasers or various measurement locations, calculate volumes produced, perform field and wellhead allocations and distribute and disburse funds to various working interest partners and royalty owners, the collection of revenues from oil and gas production may take up to 45 days following the month of production. Therefore, the Company may make accruals for revenues and accounts receivable based on estimates of its share of production. Since the settlement process may take 30 to 60 days following the month of actual production, its financial results may include estimates of production and revenues for the related time period. The Company will record any differences between the actual amounts ultimately received and the original estimates in the period they become finalized.  As of March 31, 2011, all revenue information had been received from the marketer so there was no estimated revenue and accounts receivable.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
The computation of basic net income (loss) per common share is based on the weighted average number of shares that were outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted net income (loss) per common share is based on the weighted average number of shares used in the basic net income (loss) per share calculation plus the number of common shares that would be issued assuming the exercise of all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding using the treasury stock method for shares subject to stock options and warrants.  See “Note 8 - Earnings (Loss) Per Share” for further discussion.

Concentration of Risk
 
The Company has no significant off balance sheet concentrations of credit risk, such as foreign exchange contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. Cash and cash equivalents may, at times, exceed FDIC insured limits.

 
10

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)





NOTE 3 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Recent and Adopted Accounting Guidance

From time to time, new accounting guidance is issued by the FASB that the Company adopts as of the specified effective date.  If not discussed, management believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on its financial statements upon adoption.

NOTE 4 – DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

On June 1, 2010, the Company abandoned the www.senior-inet.com web portal business due to a lack of success and decided to focus its efforts on the acquisition, exploration and development of oil and gas properties. Accordingly, the Company wrote down the carrying value of the web portal business to its salvage value of zero.

The assets, liabilities, and results of operations related to the web portal business were classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.  Senior-Inet, Inc. was dissolved effective July 29, 2010.

The following table summarizes the web portal business’ operating results for three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, which are presented in loss from discontinued operations, in the Consolidated Statements of Operations:

   
Three month period ended
 
   
March 31, 2011
   
March 31, 2010
 
REVENUES
  $ -     $ -  
                 
EXPENSES
               
     Internet service provider
    -       300  
          Operating expenses
    -       300  
                 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS
    -       (300 )
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
               
     Loan interest
    -       (15 )
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
    -       (15 )
                 
NET LOSS
  $ -     $ (315 )
                 
 
As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, there were no assets and liabilities relating to discontinued operations to present separately in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
 
NOTE 5 - OIL AND GAS PROPERTIES

In October 2010, the Company completed the acquisition of the entire working interest representing eighty-seven and one half percent (87.5%) of the revenue interest in eight oil and gas leases owned by Piqua Petro, Inc. for a total of $625,000.

On February 25, 2011, after evaluating and studying various opportunities, the Company completed the acquisition of seven leaseholds on land in Divide County, North Dakota totaling 3,840 gross acres (net 167.11 acres) with all mineral rights including the Bakken and Three Forks formations.  The term of the leases is five years. The acquisition price was $58,489.

 
11

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)




NOTE 5 - OIL AND GAS PROPERTIES (continued)

On March 23, 2011, the Company completed a second acquisition of eight leaseholds within this same area in Divide County, North Dakota, adding an additional 201.88 net acres. The term of each of the leases is five years. The acquisition price was $70,658.

On March 30, 2011, the Company completed a third acquisition of one leasehold interest within the same area in Divide County, North Dakota, adding an additional 27.54 net acres.  The term of the lease is five years.  The acquisition price was $9,638.  The total acquired leasehold interests in Divide County, North Dakota consist of 3,840 gross acres (net 396.53 acres) with all mineral rights including the Bakken and Three Forks formations.

The following table discloses aggregate capitalized costs related to the Company’s oil and gas properties:

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
Proven properties
           
    Acquisition costs
  $ 500,000     $ 500,000  
    Development costs
    130,215       128,600  
Unproven properties
    138,785       -  
    $ 769,000     $ 628,600  
                 
 
The Company amortizes all capitalized costs of oil and gas properties on the unit-of-production method using proved reserves.  It has not yet obtained reserve studies with estimated proved reserve quantities because of its recent acquisition of oil and gas properties. Therefore at March 31, 2011, there were no capitalized costs subject to amortization. 

Properties which are not being amortized are assessed quarterly, on a field-by-field basis, to determine whether they are recorded at the lower of cost or fair market value. As a result of this analysis, the Company determined that the carrying cost of the properties was not lower than the estimated fair market value.  Accordingly, no impairment cost was recognized as of March 31, 2011.

NOTE 6 - STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
On October 4, 2010, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted and approved a twenty-for-one forward stock split for each share outstanding on October 5, 2010. The twenty-for-one forward stock split resulted in 60,560,000 shares of common stock outstanding as of that time. The consolidated financial statements are shown on a post stock split basis. The Company’s post-split authorized shares of common stock remained at 400,000,000 shares with a par value of $0.001 per share.  Additionally the Company’s post-split authorized shares of preferred stock remained at 100,000,000 shares, par value $0.001 per share.

On February 2, 2011, the Company completed an offering and sold 300,000 units at $0.50 per unit, for a total of $150,000 in consideration, to one foreign investor residing outside of the United States. This offering was exempt from registration pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (rules governing offers and sales of securities made outside of the United States without registration).  Each unit consisted of one share of restricted

 
12

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)



NOTE 6 - STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (continued)

common stock and one warrant to purchase an additional share of common stock of the Company at $0.50 per share with a term of three years. As of March 31, 2011, no warrants had been exercised. At the time of the sale of the units, the relative fair value of the common stock and the warrants was estimated to be $140,200 and $9,800, respectively, as determined based on the relative fair value allocation of the proceeds.

NOTE 7 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Rent

The Company’s former sole executive officer, director and shareholder, Mr. Sinohui, had been providing office space at no charge to the Company. For purposes of the financial statements, the Company had been accruing $75 per month as additional paid-in capital for this use. For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010, the Company recorded $nil and $225, respectively, in rent expense relating to this arrangement.

Upon the change of control of management, the law offices in which Mr. Vandeberg, a director and executive officer of the Company, has an office made arrangements to rent the Company office space at the rate of $500 per month during 2010. The monthly rent increased to $575 per month on January 1, 2011. For the three months ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010, the Company recorded $1,725 and $nil, respectively, in rent expense related to this arrangement.

Executive Compensation

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2011 and 2011, the Company incurred $15,000 and $nil, respectively, in compensation expense for Mr. Vandeberg, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Director of the Company.

For the three month periods ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company incurred $25,200 and $nil, respectively, in compensation expense for Mr. Diamond-Goldberg, President and director of the Company.

The Company entered into a consulting services agreement with Marlin Consulting Corp., of which Mr. Diamond-Goldberg is the sole owner, effective September 1, 2010.  The agreement provides that Marlin Consulting Corp. will be compensated at $6,000 per month during 2010 and $8,000 per month beginning in January 2011 and thereafter until the agreement terminates, plus a gross-up to cover applicable taxes and expense reimbursement for approved expenses. The term of agreement is for one year and will renew automatically on the anniversary date unless otherwise terminated by the parties. If the Board of Directors approves a stock option plan and/or bonus plan, Mr. Diamond-Goldberg will be eligible to participate in the plan(s) as provided in his agreement with the Company.

Legal Expenses

During the three month periods ended March 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company incurred $13,975 and $nil, respectively, for legal services rendered by a law firm of which Mr. Vandeberg is a member.

NOTE 8 – EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is calculated using the weighted-average outstanding common shares. Diluted earnings per share is calculated using the weighted-average outstanding common shares plus the number of common shares that would be issued assuming the exercise of all potentially dilutive commons shares outstanding under the treasury stock method.  The treasury stock method assumes proceeds received are used to reduce the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents.

 
13

 

 

 
LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.
(Formerly SIN Holdings, Inc.)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)




NOTE 8 – EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE (continued)

As of March 31, 2011, and December 31, 2010, dilutive common stock equivalents include 1,600,000 and 1,300,000 warrants, respectively, which are not included in the computation of diluted loss per share because to do so would be anti-dilutive. All share and per share information are adjusted retroactively to reflect stock splits and changes in par value, when applicable.

The computation for basic loss per share and diluted loss per share is as follows:
 
   
Three months ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
Loss from continuing operations
  $ (109,743 )   $ (1,901 )
Loss from discontinued operations
    -       (315 )
 Net loss
  $ (109,743 )   $ (2,216 )
                 
Weighted average number of shares - basic and diluted
    62,546,667       145,560,000  
                 
Loss per share
               
     Continuing operations
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
     Discontinued operations
    (0.00 )     (0.00 )
     Net loss per share
  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                 
 
NOTE 9 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Offering and Sale of Securities

On April 28, 2011, the Company offered and sold 250,000 units at $1.00 per unit, for a total of $250,000 in consideration, to one foreign investor residing outside of the United States. This offering was exempt from registration pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (rules governing offers and sales of securities made outside of the United States without registration).  Each unit consisted of one share of restricted common stock and one warrant to purchase an additional share of common stock of the Company at $1.00 per share with a term of three years.

Stock Incentive Plan

On May 3, 2011, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted the Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (“Plan”). The Plan provides for the grant of options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, and stock awards consisting of shares of the Company’s common stock, to eligible participants, including directors, executive officers, employees and consultants of the Company. The terms and conditions of the Plan apply equally to all Plan participants. Four million five hundred thousand (4,500,000) shares of common stock of the Company have been reserved for issuance under the Plan.
 
 
14

 

ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND  RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

OVERVIEW

Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. was incorporated under the laws of the State of Colorado on November 27, 2000. The Company is an oil and gas exploration, development and production company. From its inception until June 2010, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Senior-Inet, Inc., the Company pursued its original business plan of developing a web portal containing lists of senior resources across the United States.

On May 18, 2010, a change of control transaction took place that transferred a controlling interest in the Company to Mr. James Vandeberg. This transfer of ownership was accomplished by a private transaction, in the form of a stock purchase agreement, between Desert Bloom Investments, Inc. and Mr. James Vandeberg, whereby all 100,000 shares of preferred stock outstanding were returned to the Company and cancelled and the 6,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company owned by Desert Bloom Investments, Inc. were sold to Mr. Vandeberg.

Prior to the change of control, Mr. Sinohui served as the Company’s sole executive officer and director. Immediately after the change of control, Mr. Vandeberg became the sole executive officer of the company and a director and in September 2010, Mr. Vandeberg resigned as President of the Company and Mr. Marshall Diamond-Goldberg was immediately thereafter appointed President, and elected to serve as a director, of the Company. Mr. Vandeberg was appointed Vice President of the Company and remained its Chief Financial Officer and Secretary. With the change of control, the Company’s Board of Directors decided to explore new business opportunities that it believed would be more beneficial to the Company’s shareholders than the Senior-Inet, Inc. business plan.

In order to attract investment capital to fund the Company’s new business plan, on October 1, 2010, Mr. Vandeberg transferred, in lieu of the Company issuing additional shares, 605,600 shares of common stock of the Company held by him to Marlin Consulting Corp., in accordance with the Consulting Services Agreement entered into between Marlin Consulting Corp., an entity wholly-owned by Mr. Diamond-Goldberg, and the Company, which represented an approximately 20% ownership interest in the Company. In furtherance of the possibility of raising capital, on October 6, 2010, Mr. Vandeberg surrendered 4,250,000 shares of common stock and all 100,000 shares of preferred stock of the Company owned by him, which shares were immediately cancelled by the Company. Mr. Vandeberg also gifted a total of 548,800 shares of common stock of the Company to three other persons. This resulted in Mr. Vandeberg owning 595,600 shares of common stock, an approximately 20% interest in the Company. Also to accommodate additional investment capital to fund the Company’s new business plan, and in furtherance of its change in business plan, on October 4, 2010, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted and approved a twenty-for-one forward stock split for each share outstanding on October 5, 2010, and an amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation to change the name of the Company to Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. These actions were referred to the Company’s shareholders for approval. Whereupon the Company received a written consent dated October 4, 2010 executed by shareholders owning a majority of the Company’s shares of common stock issued and outstanding on the record date, to adopt and approve the foregoing actions taken by the Board of Directors.

As a result, on November 29, 2010, the Company’s name was changed to Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. and the Company completed the twenty-for-one forward stock split, which resulted in 60,560,000 shares of common stock issued and outstanding. The Company’s post-split authorized shares of common stock remained at 400,000,000 shares with a par value of $0.001 per share. All per share information presented in this Annual Report, including such information contained in the audited consolidated financial statements, is reflective of the forward stock split (except for the foregoing paragraphs). Additionally the Company’s post-split authorized shares of preferred stock remained at 100,000,000 shares, par value $0.001 per share. For further information regarding the forward stock split, see Note G in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2010, filed with the SEC on March 31, 2011. Shortly thereafter, the Senior-Inet, Inc. subsidiary was dissolved.


 
15

 

Oil and Gas Interests

On October 29, 2010, we completed our first acquisition of an oil and gas property with the purchase of a one hundred percent (100%) working interest, with an eighty-seven and one half percent revenue share, of certain oil and gas leases held by Piqua Petro Inc., a Kansas corporation, located in Piqua, Kansas. The acquired leases contain 1,040 net acres with 33 active oil and water injection wells in Woodson County, Kansas. Reactivations, tie-ins and discovery of additional wells on the leasehold properties acquired by the Company has measurably increased the number of working interest wells owned by the Company.  The property is located in the Humboldt-Chanute field producing in the Bartlesville-Squirrel formation at a depth of 740 to 850 feet.  The purchase price was $625,000.

The Piqua properties were producing at the time of our acquisition and we began to recognize revenue during the fourth quarter of 2010, which totaled $16,320. It is expected that revenues will increase during 2011, which we have experienced during the first quarter of 2011 with revenue of $45,820, due to an increase in production from more field activity. Revenues will also be affected, either positively or negatively, by the price of oil and gas on the commodities markets.
 
On February 25, 2011, after evaluating and studying various opportunities, the Company completed the acquisition of seven leaseholds on land in Divide County, North Dakota totaling 3,840 gross acres (net 167.11 acres) with all mineral rights including the Bakken and Three Forks formations.  The term of the leases is five years. The acquisition price was $58,489. On March 23, 2011, the Company completed a second acquisition of eight leaseholds within this same area in Divide County, North Dakota, adding an additional 201.88 net acres. The term of the leases is five years. The acquisition price was $70,658. On March 30, 2011, the Company completed a third acquisition of one leasehold interest within the same area in Divide County, North Dakota, adding an additional 27.54 net acres.  The term of the lease is five years.  The acquisition price was $9,638.  Total acquired leases in Divide County North Dakota is 3,840 gross acres (net 396.53 acres) with all mineral rights including the Bakken and Three Forks formations.

We are pleased with these acquisitions because the leases are contiguous in nature and are in close proximity to the development of the Three Forks play, being actively drilled by SM Energy and Baytex Energy in the Ambrose field to the east of the property covered by the acquired leases. These acquisitions will give the Company an approximately ten percent (10%) working interest in seven sections of land. The Bakken Shale Formation stretches across portions of North Dakota and Montana. According to the U.S. Geological survey, the Bakken Shale formation could contain up to 3.65 billion barrels of recoverable oil. At this time, all of the land where the Company has an interest is in the exploratory stage - no drilling or production has commenced. If wells are drilled in 2011, well costs are projected to total approximately $6 million per well, with the Company’s share being approximately $600,000 per well. With the leases having five-year terms, the Company is not obligated to drill during 2011 if it does not have sufficient funds to do so.

Notwithstanding our current focus, we may pursue the acquisition of property and assets within Bakken Shale Formation or other geographic areas that meet our general investment guidelines and targets.

Proved Reserves

As of March 31, 2011, we did not have any estimated proved reserves as we have not yet obtained reserves studies due to our recent acquisition of our oil and gas interests. We have classified our leases as proved developed properties based on Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S-X rule 4-10 “confirmed through production response.”

 
16

 



Definitions of Industry Terms

The following is a description of the meanings of some of the natural gas and oil industry terms used in this Report:
 
“bbl” means a barrel.

BOE” means barrels of oil equivalent. (Gas is converted to oil at a rate of 6:1 conventionally so as to relate volumes of the two commodities.  Oil may be converted to gas at the inverse rate.  Due to the wide divergence of oil and gas pricing in recent times, the conversion ratio may be higher).

gross acres” or “gross wells” refer to the total acres or wells, as the case may be, in which a working interest is owned.

“net acres” The total of whole acres owned on a particular lease.

proved reserves” or “reserves” are those quantities of oil and gas reserves, which, by analysis of geoscience and engineering data, can be estimated with reasonable certainty to be economically producible—from a given date forward, from known reservoirs, and under existing economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulations—prior to the time at which contracts providing the right to operate expire, unless evidence indicates that renewal is reasonably certain, regardless of whether deterministic or probabilistic methods are used for the estimation.

working interest” refers to the gross operating interest including royalties, in a particular lease or well.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Management’s judgments and estimates in these areas are to be based on information available from both internal and external sources, including engineers, geologists, consultants and historical experience in similar matters. The more significant reporting areas impacted by management’s judgments and estimates are accruals related to oil and gas sales and expenses; estimates of future oil and gas reserves; estimates used in the impairment of oil and gas properties; and the estimated future timing and cost of asset retirement obligations.

Actual results could differ from the estimates as additional information becomes known. The carrying values of oil and gas properties are particularly susceptible to change in the near term.  Changes in the future estimated oil and gas reserves or the estimated future cash flows attributable to the reserves that are utilized for impairment analysis could have a significant impact on the future results of operations.

Full Cost Method of Accounting for Oil and Gas Properties

The Company has elected to utilize the full cost method of accounting for its oil and gas activities. In accordance with the full cost method of accounting, all costs associated with acquisition, exploration, and development of oil and gas reserves, including directly related overhead costs and related asset retirement costs, are capitalized.

All capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, including the estimated future costs to develop proved reserves, are amortized on the unit-of-production method using estimates of proved reserves. The Company has not yet obtained reserve reports due to its recent commencement of operations.  As of March 31, 2011, there were no capitalized costs subject to amortization.

 
17

 



Oil and gas properties without estimated proved reserves are not amortized until proved reserves associated with the properties can be determined or until impairment occurs. The cost of these properties is assessed quarterly, on a field-by-field basis, to determine whether the properties are recorded at the lower of cost or fair market value.

Sales of oil and gas properties are accounted for as adjustments of capitalized costs with no gain or loss recognized, unless such adjustments would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves of oil and gas, in which case the gain or loss is recognized in income. The Company has not sold any oil and gas properties.

Full Cost Ceiling Test

At the end of each quarterly reporting period, the cost of oil and gas properties are subject to a “ceiling test” which basically limits capitalized costs to the sum of the estimated future net revenues from proved reserves, discounted at 10% per annum to present value, based on current economic and operating conditions, adjusted for related income tax effects.  As of March 31, 2011, no impairment charges have been recognized.

Oil and Gas Revenue Recognition

The Company uses the sales method of accounting for oil and gas revenues. Under this method, revenues are recognized based on the actual volumes of gas and oil sold to purchasers at a fixed or determinable price, when delivery has occurred and title has transferred, and if collectability of the revenue is probable. Delivery occurs and title is transferred when production has been delivered to a purchaser’s pipeline or truck. The volume sold may differ from the volumes the Company is entitled to, based on its individual interest in the property.  The Company utilizes a third party marketer to sell oil and gas production in the open market.  As a result of the requirements necessary to gather information from purchasers or various measurement locations, calculate volumes produced, perform field and wellhead allocations and distribute and disburse funds to various working interest partners and royalty owners, the collection of revenues from oil and gas production may take up to 45 days following the month of production. Therefore, the Company may make accruals for revenues and accounts receivable based on estimates of its share of production. Since the settlement process may take 30 to 60 days following the month of actual production, its financial results may include estimates of production and revenues for the related time period. The Company will record any differences between the actual amounts ultimately received and the original estimates in the period they become finalized.  As of March 31, 2011, all revenue information had been received from the marketer so there was no estimated revenue and accounts receivable.

OPERATING RESULTS

For ease of presentation in the following discussions of “Operating Results” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources”, we round amounts less than one million dollars to the nearest thousand dollars and amounts greater than one million dollars to the nearest hundred thousand dollars.

Comparison of Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2011 to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010

On June 1, 2010, when we determined to change our principal business, the Company was classified as a development stage company, which is defined by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) as an entity that has not commenced planned principal operations and has no significant revenue. During the fourth quarter of 2010, we recognized revenue from our working interests in oil and gas properties that were acquired on October 29, 2010.  Accordingly, we are no longer considered a development stage company.

We had a net loss of $110,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to a net loss of $2,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010, which increase in net loss was due to an increase in costs and operating expenses as discussed below.

A comparison of our current oil and gas operating results to the same period a year ago is not meaningful due to a material change in the business of the Company that took place in October 2010.  Accordingly, the discussion below reviews the results of operations from oil and gas activities for the three month period ended March 31, 2011 as compared to the three month period ended December 31, 2010.  All other operating results are compared to the same period a year ago.

 
18

 



The following table sets forth certain of our oil and gas operating information for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.
 
   
For the three months ended
 
   
31-Mar-11
   
31-Dec-10
 
Production data:
           
Oil production (Bbls)
    532.9       201.9  
Average daily production (BOE)
    5.9       3.4  
                 
Revenue data:
               
Average sale price (per Bbl)
  $ 85.98     $ 79.25  
Oil revenue
  $ 46,000     $ 16,000  
                 
LOE
  $ 34,000     $ 16,000  

Production and Revenue

We generated $46,000 in revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2011, as compared to $16,000 in revenue in the three months ended December 31, 2010.  The increase in revenue is primarily due to an increase in the Company’s production of its oil reserves and a simultaneous increase in oil and gas prices.  We increased production from 201.9 barrels (“Bbls”) in the three months ended December 31, 2010 to 532.9 Bbls in the three months ended March 31, 2011. This increase was primarily due to the Company having only two months of oil production in the three months ended December 31, 2010, since the Company acquired the oil properties at the end of October 2010.  In addition, the average price per Bbl increased from approximately $81 in the three months ended December 31, 2010 to approximately $86 in the three months ended March 31, 2011 due to an overall increase in pricing for the industry.

Lease Operating Expenses (Loss)

Oil and gas lease operating expenses increased to $34,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2011 from $16,000 in the three months ended December 31, 2010, an $18,000 increase. This was due in part to three months of activity in the first quarter of 2011 as compared to two months of activity during the fourth quarter of 2010, as a result of acquiring the oil properties on October 29, 2010. The increase in lease operating expenses is also attributable to periodic repair and maintenance expenses to enhance production.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses include: professional fees; management fees; travel expenses; office and administrative expenses; and marketing and SEC filing expenses. General and administrative expenses increased to $122,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2011, as compared to $600 for the same period in 2010, a $121,000 increase. The increase is due to: (i) paying compensation to the executive officers of the Company for the first time since the inception of the Company; (ii) an increase in fees paid to professionals in connection with restructuring the business and related matters; (iii) paying contract personnel to assist with the Company’s operations; and (iv) an increase in SEC reporting expenses.

Other Expenses

Other expenses decreased to $nil for the three months ended March 31, 2011 compared to $1,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010.  The decrease in other expenses is due to a $1,000 decrease in interest expense related to shareholder loans that were forgiven and written-off in 2010.

 
19

 



LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

During the three months ended March 31, 2011 and the year ended December 31, 2010, we generated working capital through the sale of our common stock that was used to acquire interests in oil and gas leases and as general working capital to fund operations.  Historically, our primary source of capital was loans from a previous majority shareholder.

We had cash and cash equivalents totaling $53,000 at March 31, 2011, as compared to $101,000 at December 31, 2010. Management anticipates that current cash reserves plus cash generated from operations will sustain its operations through December 31, 2011. In order for the Company to implement its business as planned, it may become necessary for the Company to obtain capital from external sources through the issuance of equity or debt securities.  The issuance of equity securities will cause dilution to the Company’s shareholders.  If external financing sources are unavailable or are inadequate to fund operations, the Company may be required to reduce operating costs, which could jeopardize the future strategic initiatives and business plans of the Company.  At this time, however, the Company is not aware of any trends or potential events that are likely to adversely impact its short term liquidity.

The following table summarizes the cash position of the Company during the three month periods ended March 31, 2011 and March 31, 2010, respectively.
 
 
For the three months ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
Net cash flows from operating activities
  $ (67,000 )   $ (4,000 )
Net cash flows from investing activities
    (131,000 )     -  
Net cash flows from financing activities
    150,000       4,000  
          Total
  $ (48,000 )   $ -  
                 
 
Operating Activities

Cash used in operating activities was $67,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2011, as compared to $4,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2010, a $63,000 increase. The increase is a result of changing the Company’s business from a web-based business to an oil and gas business, compensating management for the first time since the Company’s inception, and an increase in legal fees and SEC compliance-related expenses due to the many changes within the Company.

Investing Activities

Cash used for investing activities during the three month period ended March 31, 2011 was $131,000 as compared to $nil for the three month period ended March 31, 2010. We used the capital to acquire and continue development of working interests in oil and gas properties.

Financing Activities

Total net cash provided by financing activities was $150,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2011, from a private placement offering completed in January 2011, generating proceeds from the sale of units, with each unit consisting of one share of restricted common stock of the Company and a warrant to purchase one additional share of restricted common stock of the Company.  Total net cash provided by financing activities in the three months ended March 31, 2010 was in the form of a loan in the principal amount of $4,000 from the Company’s previous majority stockholder.

 
20

 



OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Note 3 to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report.

RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

See Note 7 to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report.


ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not applicable.

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management evaluated, with the participation of our President and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this Report.  Based on this evaluation, our President and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to our management, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  Our disclosure controls and procedures include components of our internal control over financial reporting and, as such, are designed to provide reasonable assurance that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management.  Management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting is expressed at the level of reasonable assurance that the control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, but not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met (see the section below in this Item 4 entitled Limitations on the Effectiveness of Internal Controls).

Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) that occurred during the period covered by this Report, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

Our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will necessarily prevent all fraud and material error. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving our objectives and our President and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective at that reasonable assurance level. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the internal control. The design of any system of controls is also based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 
21

 

 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We may be involved from time to time in ordinary litigation, negotiation and settlement matters that will not have a material effect on our operations or finances.  We are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation against us or our officers and directors in their capacity as such that could have a material impact on our operations or finances.

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

On January 21, 2011, the Company offered and sold 300,000 units at $0.50 per unit, for a total of $150,000 in consideration, to one foreign investor residing outside of the United States. This offering was exempt from registration pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (rules governing offers and sales of securities made outside of the United States without registration).  Each unit consisted of one share of restricted common stock and one warrant to purchase an additional share of common stock of the Company at $0.50 per share with a term of three years. As of March 31, 2011, no warrants had been exercised. At the time of the sale of the units, the relative fair value of the common stock and the warrants was estimated to be $140,200 and $9,800, respectively, as determined based on the relative fair value allocation of the proceeds. We have and plan to continue to use proceeds raised through the sale of the Company’s securities for operating expenses, working capital, and general corporate activities, including the acquisition of oil and gas leasehold interests if an opportunity arises that we believe would justify the expenditure and capital is available to make the acquisition. For further information regarding this transaction, see the subscription agreement entered into between the Company and the investor attached to this Report as Exhibit 10.5 and the form of warrant issued by the Company to the investor attached to this Report as Exhibit 4.2.

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.  (REMOVED AND RESERVED)

ITEM 5.  OTHER INFORMATION

Offering and Sale of Restricted Securities

On April 28, 2011, the Company offered and sold 250,000 units at $1.00 per unit, for a total of $250,000 in consideration, to one foreign investor residing outside of the United States. This offering was exempt from registration pursuant to Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (rules governing offers and sales of securities made outside of the United States without registration).  Each unit consisted of one share of restricted common stock and one warrant to purchase an additional share of common stock of the Company at $1.00 per share with a term of three years. For further information regarding this transaction, see the subscription agreement entered into between the Company and the investor attached to this Report as Exhibit 10.6 and the form of warrant issued by the Company to the investor attached to this Report as Exhibit 4.2.

Stock Incentive Plan

The following was previously disclosed by the Company in a report on Form 8-K dated May 3, 2011 and filed with the SEC on May 9, 2011.

 
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On May 3, 2011, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted the Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (“Plan”). The Plan provides for the grant of options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock, and stock awards consisting of shares of the Company’s common stock, to eligible participants, including directors, executive officers, employees and consultants of the Company. The terms and conditions of the Plan apply equally to all Plan participants. Four million five hundred thousand (4,500,000) shares of common stock of the Company have been reserved for issuance under the Plan. As of the date of this Report, no stock options or stock awards have been granted under the Plan. The Plan in its adopted form is attached as Exhibit 10.7 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

The exhibits listed in the accompanying index to exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Report.

Certain of the agreements filed as exhibits to this Form 10-Q contain representations and warranties by the parties to the agreements that have been made solely for the benefit of the parties to the agreement. These representations and warranties:
 
 
  •   may have been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other parties in connection with the negotiation of the agreements, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreements;
  •   may apply standards of materiality that differ from those of a reasonable investor; and
  •  were made only as of specified dates contained in the agreements and are subject to subsequent developments and changed circumstances.

Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date that these representations and warranties were made or at any other time. Investors should not rely on them as statements of fact.


 
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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereto duly authorized.

Date:           May 13, 2011                                LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.


By:    /s/ Marshall Diamond-Goldberg                                                                
      Marshall Diamond-Goldberg
      President (Principal Executive Officer)



Date:           May 13, 2011                                LEGEND OIL AND GAS, LTD.


By:   /s/ James Vandeberg                                                                
      James Vandeberg
      Chief Financial Officer (Principal Accountingand Financial Officer)

 
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EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.
 
Description                                                                
 
Location                                           
3.1
 
Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 8-K dated January 29, 2007, and filed with the SEC on January 30, 2007.
 
3.2
 
First Articles of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s definitive Information Statement filed with the SEC on October 19, 2010.
 
3.3
 
Bylaws
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s registration statement on Form 10-SB, and filed with the SEC on April 25, 2002.
 
4.1
 
Specimen Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. Common Stock Certificate
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 10-K dated December 31, 2010, and filed with the SEC on March 31, 2011.
 
4.2
 
Form of Warrant issued and outstanding held by Iconic Investment Co.
 
 
Filed herewith.
10.1
 
Agreement for Purchase and Sale by and between Piqua Petro, Inc. and the Company dated October 20, 2010 (Piqua Project)
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 8-K dated October 29, 2010, and filed with the SEC on November 4, 2010.
 
10.2
 
Assignment of Oil and Gas Lease by Wasaabee Energy Inc. dated February 25, 2011 (Bakken Project)
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 10-K dated December 31, 2010, and filed with the SEC on March 31, 2011.
 
10.3
 
Assignment of Oil and Gas Lease by  Wasaabee Energy Inc. dated March 23, 2011 (Bakken Project)
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 10-K dated December 31, 2010, and filed with the SEC on March 31, 2011.
 
10.4
 
Assignment of Oil and Gas Lease by Wasaabee Energy Inc. dated March 30, 2011 (Bakken Project)
 
 
Incorporated by reference herein from the Company’s report on Form 10-K dated December 31, 2010, and filed with the SEC on March 31, 2011.
 
10.5
 
Subscription Agreement by and between Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. and Iconic Investment Co. dated January 21, 2011
 
 
Filed herewith.
10.6
 
Subscription Agreement by and between Legend Oil and Gas, Ltd. and Iconic Investment Co. dated April 28, 2011
 
 
Filed herewith.
31.1
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
Filed herewith.
31.2
 
Certification of Principal Accounting and Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
 
Filed herewith.
32.1
 
Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Accounting and Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or 15d-14(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
 
 
Filed herewith.


 
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