10-Q 1 sncr-20150331x10q.htm 10-Q sncr-Current Folio-10Q_2014Taxonomy

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

 

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015

 

Or

 

 

 

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from          to

 

Commission file number 000-52049

 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delaware

 

06-1594540

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

200 Crossing Boulevard, 8th Floor

Bridgewater, New Jersey

 

08807

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(866) 620-3940

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes    No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller Reporting Company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

 

Shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class

 

Outstanding at April 27, 2015

Common stock, $0.0001 par value

 

43,279,832

 

 

 


 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

FORM 10-Q INDEX

 

 

 

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

PAGE NO.

 

 

 

Item 1.

Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (unaudited) 

4

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

5

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

 

 

 

Item 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

 

 

 

Item 4. 

Controls and Procedures

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II. 

OTHER INFORMATION

25

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Legal Proceedings

25

 

 

 

Item 1A. 

Risk Factors

26

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26

 

 

 

Item 3. 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

26

 

 

 

Item 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

26

 

 

 

Item 5. 

Other Information

26

 

 

 

Item 6. 

Exhibits

27

 

 

 

SIGNATURES 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2015

    

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

152,487 

 

$

235,967 

Marketable securities

 

54,955 

 

 

51,097 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $220 and $88 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

138,011 

 

 

118,371 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

30,775 

 

 

35,023 

Deferred tax assets

 

3,123 

 

 

1,475 

Total current assets

 

379,351 

 

 

441,933 

Marketable securities

 

2,321 

 

 

3,313 

Property and equipment, net

 

160,252 

 

 

151,171 

Goodwill

 

173,367 

 

 

147,135 

Intangible assets, net

 

109,766 

 

 

99,489 

Deferred tax assets

 

2,903 

 

 

1,232 

Other assets

 

18,532 

 

 

18,549 

Total assets

$

846,492 

 

$

862,822 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

12,999 

 

$

25,059 

Accrued expenses

 

33,606 

 

 

42,679 

Deferred revenues

 

11,957 

 

 

11,897 

Contingent consideration obligation

 

 —

 

 

8,000 

Total current liabilities

 

58,562 

 

 

87,635 

Lease financing obligation - long term

 

14,055 

 

 

9,204 

Convertible debt

 

230,000 

 

 

230,000 

Deferred tax liability

 

5,955 

 

 

3,698 

Other liabilities

 

2,781 

 

 

3,178 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

 

 —

 

 

 —

Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 46,940 and 46,444 shares issued; 43,236 and 42,711 outstanding at  March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

 

 

Treasury stock, at cost (3,704 and 3,733 shares at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively)

 

(65,969)

 

 

(66,336)

Additional paid-in capital

 

469,312 

 

 

454,740 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(39,482)

 

 

(20,014)

Retained earnings

 

171,274 

 

 

160,713 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

535,139 

 

 

529,107 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

846,492 

 

$

862,822 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3


 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

 

$

132,926 

 

$

98,477 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of services*

 

 

53,655 

 

 

39,979 

Research and development

 

 

22,024 

 

 

15,541 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

20,883 

 

 

17,125 

Net change in contingent consideration obligation

 

 

 —

 

 

1,211 

Restructuring charges

 

 

3,240 

 

 

 —

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

14,835 

 

 

12,266 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

114,637 

 

 

86,122 

Income from operations

 

 

18,289 

 

 

12,355 

Interest income

 

 

466 

 

 

49 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,342)

 

 

(420)

Other income

 

 

14 

 

 

796 

Income before income tax expense

 

 

17,427 

 

 

12,780 

Income tax expense

 

 

(6,866)

 

 

(5,196)

Net income

 

$

10,561 

 

$

7,584 

Net income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.25 

 

$

0.19 

Diluted

 

$

0.23 

 

$

0.19 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

41,626 

 

 

39,769 

Diluted

 

 

47,080 

 

 

40,655 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive (loss) income

 

$

(8,907)

 

$

8,583 

 

 

 

 

 

*  

Cost of services excludes depreciation and amortization which is shown separately.

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2015

    

2014

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

10,561 

 

$

7,584 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

14,835 

 

 

12,266 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

375 

 

 

 —

Amortization of bond premium

 

 

474 

 

 

74 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(733)

 

 

3,112 

Non-cash interest on leased facility

 

 

233 

 

 

230 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

6,585 

 

 

5,842 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

(22,145)

 

 

(28,935)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

5,623 

 

 

816 

Other assets

 

 

(443)

 

 

465 

Accounts payable

 

 

106 

 

 

(3,388)

Accrued expenses

 

 

(12,301)

 

 

(8,743)

Contingent consideration obligation

 

 

(1,532)

 

 

1,611 

Excess tax benefit from the exercise of stock options

 

 

(1,981)

 

 

(385)

Other liabilities

 

 

(243)

 

 

1,249 

Deferred revenues

 

 

451 

 

 

(3,204)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(135)

 

 

(11,406)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of fixed assets

 

 

(24,217)

 

 

(8,044)

Purchases of marketable securities available-for-sale

 

 

(43,548)

 

 

(1,244)

Maturities of marketable securities available-for-sale

 

 

40,285 

 

 

315 

Business acquired, net of cash

 

 

(59,481)

 

 

 —

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(86,961)

 

 

(8,973)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

5,398 

 

 

3,273 

Payments on contingent consideration obligation

 

 

(4,468)

 

 

 —

Excess tax benefit from the exercise of stock options

 

 

1,981 

 

 

385 

Proceeds from the sale of treasury stock in connection with an employee stock purchase plan

 

 

975 

 

 

740 

Repayments of capital obligations

 

 

(291)

 

 

(324)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

3,595 

 

 

4,074 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

21 

 

 

64 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(83,480)

 

 

(16,241)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

235,967 

 

 

63,512 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

152,487 

 

$

47,271 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

346 

 

$

717 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5


 

Table of Contents

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

The consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2015 and for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are unaudited, but in the opinion of management include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes in the Annual Report of Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. incorporated by reference in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. The Company has no unconsolidated subsidiaries or investments accounted for under the equity method. The results reported in these consolidated financial statements should not necessarily be taken as indicative of results that may be expected for the entire year. The balance sheet at December 31, 2014 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Certain amounts from the prior year’s financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.

1. Description of Business

 

Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (the “Company” or “Synchronoss”) is a mobile innovation company that provides software-based cloud and activation solutions for connected devices to enterprise customers on a global scale.  The Company’s software creates innovative consumer and enterprise solutions that drive billions of transactions on a wide range of connected devices across the world’s leading networks. The Company’s solutions include: intelligent connectivity management and content synchronization, backup and sharing service procurement, provisioning, activation, and support that enable communications service providers (CSPs), cable operators/multi-services operators (MSOs), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) with embedded connectivity (e.g. smartphones, laptops, tablets and mobile Internet devices, such as automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes), multi-channel retailers and other customers to accelerate and monetize value-add services for connected devices. This includes automating subscriber activation, order management, upgrades, service provisioning and connectivity and content management from any sales channel to any communication service (wireless or wireline), across any connected device type and managing the content transfer, synchronization and share.

 

The Company’s Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ platform is specifically designed to power the activation of the devices and technologies that seamlessly connect today’s consumer and leverage the Company’s cloud assets to manage these devices and content associated with them.  Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platform focuses on providing a secure, integrated file sharing and collaboration solution for small and medium businesses. The Company’s consumer and small business platforms and solutions enable Synchronoss to drive a natural extension of the Company’s mobile activations and cloud services with leading wireless networks around the world to link other non-traditional devices (i.e., automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes).

 

The Company’s Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ and Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platforms provide end-to-end seamless integration between customer-facing channels/applications, communication services or devices and “back-office” infrastructure-related systems and processes. The Company’s customers rely on the Company’s solutions and technology to automate the process of activation and content and settings management for their subscriber’s devices while delivering additional communication services. The Company’s Integrated Life™ platform brings together the capabilities of device/service activation with content and settings management to provide a seamless experience of activating and managing both traditional and non-traditional devices. The Company’s platforms also support automated customer care processes through use of accurate and effective speech processing technology and enable the Company’s customers to offer their subscribers the ability to store in and retrieve from the Cloud their personal and work content and data which resides on their connected mobile devices, such as personal computers, smartphones and tablets.  The Company’s platforms are designed to be carrier-grade, highly available, flexible and scalable to enable multiple converged communication services to be managed across multiple distribution channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, customer stores, indirect and other retail outlets allowing the Company to meet the rapidly changing and converging services and connected devices offered by the Company’s customers. Synchronoss enables its customers to acquire, retain and service subscribers quickly, reliably and cost-effectively by enabling backup, restore, synchronization and sharing of subscriber content.  Through the use of the Company’s platforms, the Company’s customers can simplify the processes associated with managing the

6


 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

customer experience for procuring, activating, connecting, backing-up, synchronizing and social media and enterprise-wide sharing/collaboration with connected devices and contents from these devices and associated services.  The extensibility, scalability, reliability and relevance of the Company’s platforms enable new revenue streams and retention opportunities for the Company’s customers through new subscriber acquisitions, sale of new devices, accessories and new value-added service offerings in the Cloud, while optimizing their cost of operations and enhancing customer experience. The Company currently operates in and markets its solutions and services directly through the Company’s sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.

 

The Company’s industry-leading customers include Tier 1 mobile service providers such as AT&T Inc., Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Orange, Sprint, Telstra and U.S. Cellular, Tier 1 cable operators/MSOs and wireline operators like AT&T Inc., Comcast, Cablevision, Charter, CenturyLink, Mediacom and Level 3 Communications and large OEMs such as Apple and Ericsson.  These customers utilize the Company’s platforms, technology and services to service both consumer and business customers.

 

2. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

 

For further information about the Company’s basis of presentation and consolidation or its significant accounting policies, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In March 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The amendments in this ASU requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this ASU. The amendments are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The amendments should be applied on a retrospective basis, wherein the balance sheet of each individual period presented should be adjusted to reflect the period-specific effects of applying the new guidance. Upon transition, an entity is required to comply with the applicable disclosures for a change in an accounting principle. These disclosures include the nature of and reason for the change in accounting principle, the transition method, a description of the prior-period information that has been retrospectively adjusted, and the effect of the change on the financial statement line items (i.e., debt issuance cost asset and the debt liability). The Company is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2015-03 on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. The new consolidation standard changes the way reporting enterprises evaluate whether (a) they should consolidate limited partnerships and similar entities, (b) fees paid to a decision maker or service provider are variable interests in a variable interest entity ("VIE"), and (c) variable interests in a VIE held by related parties of the reporting enterprise require the reporting enterprise to consolidate the VIE. The guidance is effective for public business entities for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is allowed, including early adoption in an interim period. A reporting entity may apply a modified retrospective approach by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to equity as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption or may apply the amendments retrospectively. The Company is currently assessing the impact, if any, of the adoption of this guidance on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-01, Income Statement - Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items. The new guidance eliminates the separate presentation of extraordinary items, net of tax and the related earnings per share, but does not affect the requirement to disclose material items that are unusual in nature or infrequently occurring. The ASU applies to all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Entities have the option to apply the new guidance prospectively

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

or retrospectively, and can choose early adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to significantly impact the consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) (collectively, the “Boards”) jointly issued a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under US GAAP and IFRS. The standard’s core principle (issued as ASU 2014-09 by the FASB and as IFRS 15 by the IASB), is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The new guidance must be adopted using either a full retrospective approach for all periods presented in the period of adoption or a modified retrospective approach. The effective date is fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is not permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the methods of adoption and the impact that ASU 2014-09 will have on the consolidated financial statements. 

 

3. Earnings per Common Share

 

Basic earnings per share is calculated by using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period.

 

The diluted earnings per share calculation is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding adjusted for the number of additional shares that would have been outstanding had all potentially dilutive common shares been issued.

 

Potentially dilutive shares of common stock include stock options, convertible debt and unvested share awards.  The dilutive effects of stock options and restricted stock awards are based on the treasury stock method.  The dilutive effect of the assumed conversion of convertible debt is determined using the if-converted method. The after-tax effect of interest expense related to the convertible securities is added back to net income, and the convertible debt is assumed to have been converted into common shares at the beginning of the period.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in computing basic and diluted net income attributable to common stockholders per common share. Stock options that are anti-dilutive and excluded from the following table totaled 291 and 1,642 for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

10,561 

    

$

7,584 

Income effect for interest on convertible debt, net of tax

 

 

475 

 

 

 —

Numerator for diluted EPS- Income to common stockholders after assumed conversions

 

$

11,036 

 

$

7,584 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic

 

 

41,626 

 

 

39,769 

Dilutive effect of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares from assumed conversion of convertible debt

 

 

4,326 

 

 

 —

Options and unvested restricted shares

 

 

1,128 

 

 

886 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted

 

 

47,080 

 

 

40,655 

 

 

 

4. Fair Value Measurements of Assets and Liabilities 

 

The Company classifies marketable securities as available-for-sale.  The fair value hierarchy established in the guidance adopted by the Company prioritizes the inputs used in valuation techniques into three levels as follows:

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

 

·

Level 1 – Observable inputs – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;

·

Level 2 – Observable inputs –  other than the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities – includes quoted prices for similar instruments, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in inactive markets, and amounts derived from valuation models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and

·

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs – includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable and require the Company to develop relevant assumptions.

 

The following is a summary of assets and liabilities held by the Company and their related classifications under the fair value hierarchy: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2015

    

December 31, 2014

Level 1 (A)

$

157,884 

 

$

241,364 

Level 2 (B)

 

51,879 

 

 

49,013 

Level 3 (C)

 

 —

 

 

(8,000)

Total

$

209,763 

 

$

282,377 

 

(A)

Level 1 assets include money market funds and enhanced income money market funds which are classified as cash equivalents and marketable securities, respectively.  

(B)

Level 2 assets include certificates of deposit, municipal bonds and corporate bonds which are classified as marketable securities.

(C)

Level 3 liabilities include the contingent consideration obligation.

 

The Company utilizes the market approach to measure fair value for its financial assets. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. The Company's marketable securities investments classified as Level 2 primarily utilize broker quotes in a non-active market for valuation of these securities. No transfers of assets between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value measurement hierarchy occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

 

The aggregate fair value of available-for-sale securities and aggregate amount of unrealized gains and losses for available-for-sale securities at March 31, 2015 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aggregate Amount of

 

 

Aggregate

 

Unrealized

 

    

Fair Value

    

Gains

    

Losses

Due in one year or less

 

$

54,955 

 

$

 

$

(89)

Due after one year, less than five years

 

 

2,321 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

$

57,276 

 

$

10 

 

$

(92)

 

The aggregate fair value of available-for-sale securities and aggregate amount of unrealized gains and losses for available-for-sale securities at December 31, 2014 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aggregate Amount of

 

 

Aggregate

 

Unrealized

 

    

Fair Value

    

Gains

    

Losses

Due in one year or less

 

$

51,097 

 

$

10 

 

$

(72)

Due after one year, less than five years

 

 

3,313 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

 

$

54,410 

 

$

12 

 

$

(75)

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

 

Unrealized gains and losses are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders' equity. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. The Company evaluates investments with unrealized losses to determine if the losses are other than temporary. The Company has determined that the gross unrealized losses as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 are temporary. In making this determination, the Company considered the financial condition, credit ratings and near-term prospects of the issuers, the underlying collateral of the investments, and the magnitude of the losses as compared to the cost and the length of time the investments have been in an unrealized loss position. Additionally, while the Company classifies the securities as available-for-sale, the Company does not currently intend to sell such investments and it is more likely than not to recover the carrying value prior to being required to sell such investments.

 

The Company determined the fair value of the contingent consideration obligation using the probability-weighted income approach derived from quarterly revenue estimates and a probability assessment with respect to the likelihood of achieving the various performance criteria. The fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement. The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the Company's contingent consideration obligation are the probabilities of achieving certain financial targets and contractual milestones.  Significant increases (decreases) in any of those probabilities in isolation may result in a higher (lower) fair value measurement.  As of December 31, 2014 all of the financial targets and contractual milestones were met and on February 20, 2015 the Company paid out $8 million related to the Strumsoft Earn-out.

 

The changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 contingent consideration obligation during the three months ended March 31, 2015 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Level 3

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

$

8,000 

Payment of contingent consideration

 

 

(8,000)

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

$

 —

 

 

5. Acquisition

 

F-Secure Corporation (“F-Secure”)

 

On February 23, 2015, the Company acquired certain cloud assets from F-Secure, an online security and privacy company headquartered in Finland, for cash consideration of $59.5 million, net of liabilities assumed. The Company believes that the purchase will expand the Company’s cloud services customer base.

 

On February 18, 2015, the Company entered into a patent license and settlement agreement whereby the Company granted F-Secure a limited license to the Company's patents. As part of the business combination accounting rules, the Company calculated the fair value of the license using an income approach, specifically a relief from royalty method, which incorporates significant estimates and assumptions made by management, which by their nature are characterized by uncertainty. Inputs used to value the license are considered Level 3 inputs.

 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

The Company determined the preliminary fair value of the net assets acquired during the first quarter of 2015 as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preliminary

 

 

 

 

Purchase Price

 

 

 

 

Allocation

 

 

Intangible assets:

 

 

 

 

Wtd. Avg.

Technology

 

$

3,071 

 

1 year

Customer relationships

 

 

20,475 

 

5 years

Goodwill

 

 

36,454 

 

 

Total assets acquired

 

 

60,000 

 

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

519 

 

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

59,481 

 

 

 

The goodwill recorded in connection with this acquisition is based on operating synergies and other benefits expected to result from the combined operations and the assembled workforce acquired. The goodwill acquired will not be deductible for tax purposes.

 

Acquisition-related costs recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2015, including transaction costs such as legal, accounting, valuation and other professional services, were $856 thousand.

 

Voxmobili SA (“Vox”)

 

On July 11, 2014, the Company acquired all outstanding shares of Vox, a French company, for $25.1 million, net of cash acquired and liabilities assumed, subject to certain working capital adjustments. The Company believes that this acquisition contributed to its position as the leading provider of personal cloud solutions to the world’s largest mobile operators.

 

The Company determined the preliminary fair value of the net assets acquired during the third quarter of 2014 as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase Price

 

 

 

 

Allocation

 

 

Cash

 

$

1,414 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

220 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

3,750 

 

 

Intangible assets:

 

 

 

 

Wtd. Avg.

Technology

 

 

4,900 

 

5 years

Customer relationships

 

 

5,000 

 

5 years

Goodwill

 

 

17,188 

 

 

Total assets acquired

 

 

32,472 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

 

2,118 

 

 

Deferred revenues

 

 

457 

 

 

Deferred taxes

 

 

3,338 

 

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

26,559 

 

 

 

The goodwill recorded in connection with this acquisition was based on operating synergies and other benefits expected to result from the combined operations and the assembled workforce acquired. The goodwill acquired is not  deductible for tax purposes.

 

Acquisition-related costs, including transaction costs such as legal, accounting, valuation and other professional services, were $1.5 million.

 

 

 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

6. Stockholders’ Equity

 

Stock Options

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model for determining the estimated fair value for stock-based awards. The weighted-average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2015

    

2014

Expected stock price volatility

 

48 

%

 

63 

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.26 

%

 

1.54 

%

Expected life of options (in years)

 

4.01 

 

 

4.28 

 

Expected dividend yield

 

%

 

%

 

The weighted-average fair value (as of the date of grant) of the options was $15.86 and $16.20 per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense of $6.6 million ($4.4 million after tax or $0.09 per diluted share) and $5.8 million ($3.8 million after tax or $0.09 per diluted share), respectively, which includes the fair value for equity awards issued. The total stock-based compensation cost related to unvested equity awards not yet recognized as an expense as of March 31, 2015 was approximately $42.8 million. The expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.63 years. 

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-

 

Remaining

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

Number of

 

Average

 

Contractual

 

 

Intrinsic

Options

    

Options

    

Exercise Price

    

Term (Years)

    

 

Value

Outstanding at December 31, 2014 

 

2,767 

 

$

25.81 

 

 

 

 

 

Options Granted

 

299 

 

 

41.04 

 

 

 

 

 

Options Exercised

 

(227)

 

 

23.80 

 

 

 

 

 

Options Cancelled

 

(96)

 

 

30.91 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2015 

 

2,743 

 

$

27.45 

 

4.59 

 

$

54,877 

Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2015

 

2,524 

 

$

26.81 

 

4.44 

 

$

52,128 

Exercisable at March 31, 2015

 

1,465 

 

$

22.40 

 

3.40 

 

$

36,708 

 

A summary of the Company’s unvested restricted stock at March 31, 2015, and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2015, is presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of

Non-Vested Restricted Stock

    

Awards

Non-vested at December 31, 2014

 

1,342 

Granted

 

328 

Vested

 

(298)

Forfeited

 

(59)

Non-vested at March 31, 2015

 

1,313 

 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

On February 1, 2012, the Company established a ten year Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP” or the “Plan”) for certain eligible employees.  The Plan is to be administered by the Company’s Board of Directors.  The total number of shares available for purchase under the Plan is 500 thousand shares of the Company’s Common Stock.  Employees participate over a six month period through payroll withholdings and may purchase, at the end of the six month period, the Company’s Common Stock at the lower of 85% of the fair market value on the first day of the offering period or the fair market value on the purchase date.  No participant will be granted a right to purchase Common Stock under the Plan if such participant would own more than 5% of the total combined voting power of the Company.  In addition, no participant may purchase more than one thousand shares of Common Stock within any purchase period.

 

The expected life of ESPP shares is the average of the remaining purchase period under each offering period.  The weighted-average assumptions used to value employee stock purchase rights are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2015

    

2014

Expected stock price volatility

 

40 

%

 

64 

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.05 

%

 

0.08 

%

Expected life (in years)

 

0.50 

 

 

0.50 

 

Expected dividend yield

 

%

 

%

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded $150 thousand and $199 thousand, respectively, of compensation expense related to the ESPP.  During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company sold a total of 29 thousand and 27 thousand shares, respectively, of its Treasury Stock pursuant to purchases under its ESPP. Cash received from purchases through the ESPP during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, was approximately $975 thousand and $740 thousand, respectively, and is included within the financing activities section of the consolidated statements of cash flows. The total unrecognized compensation expense related to the ESPP as of March 31, 2015 was approximately $201 thousand, which is expected to be recognized over the remainder of the offering period.

7. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Comprehensive (loss) income was as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2015

    

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

10,561 

 

$

7,584 

Translation adjustments

 

 

(16,837)

 

 

995 

Unrealized income on securities, (net of tax)

 

 

241 

 

 

Net loss on intra-entity foreign currency transactions

 

 

(2,872)

 

 

 —

Total comprehensive (loss) income

 

$

(8,907)

 

$

8,583 

 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the three months ended March 31, 2015, are as follows, net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income on

 

Unrealized Holding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intra-Entity

 

Gains (Losses) on

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign

 

Foreign Currency

 

Available-for-Sale

 

 

 

 

 

Currency

 

Transactions

 

Securities

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

$

(16,980)

 

$

(2,857)

 

$

(177)

 

$

(20,014)

Other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(16,837)

 

 

(2,872)

 

 

241 

 

 

(19,468)

Total comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

(16,837)

 

 

(2,872)

 

 

241 

 

 

(19,468)

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

$

(33,817)

 

$

(5,729)

 

$

64 

 

$

(39,482)

 

 

 

8. Goodwill and Intangibles

 

Goodwill

 

The Company recorded Goodwill which represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired, including other definite-lived intangible assets. Goodwill is not amortized, but reviewed annually for impairment or upon the occurrence of events or changes in circumstances that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount.

 

The changes in Goodwill during the three months ended March 31, 2015 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

    

$

147,135 

F-Secure acquisition

 

 

36,454 

Translation adjustments

 

 

(10,222)

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

$

173,367 

 

Other Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s intangible assets with definite lives consist primarily of trade names, technology, and customer lists and relationships. These intangible assets are being amortized on the straightline method over the estimated useful lives of the assets.

 

The Company’s intangible assets consist of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

March 31, 2015

 

Average

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

Life

 

Cost

 

Amortization

 

Net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade name

 

$

1,529 

 

$

(1,293)

 

$

236 

Technology

 

 

65,310 

 

 

(25,227)

 

 

40,083 

Customer lists and relationships

 

 

86,246 

 

 

(22,938)

 

 

63,308 

Capitalized software and patents

 

 

8,745 

 

 

(2,606)

 

 

6,139 

Order Backlog

 —

 

 

918 

 

 

(918)

 

 

 —

 

 

 

$

162,748 

 

$

(52,982)

 

$

109,766 

 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

 

 

 

9. Debt

 

Credit Facility

 

In September 2013, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., as the administrative agent, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the syndication agent and Capital One, National Association and KeyBank National Association, as co-documentation agents.  The Credit Facility, which can be used for general corporate purposes, is a $100 million unsecured revolving line of credit that matures on September 27, 2018.  The Company pays a commitment fee in the range of 25 to 35 basis points on the unused balance of the revolving credit facility under the Credit Agreement. Commitment fees totaled approximately $64 thousand and $62 thousand during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Synchronoss has the right to request an increase in the aggregate principal amount of the Credit Facility to $150 million. 

 

The Credit Facility is subject to certain financial covenants.  As of March 31, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all required covenants and there were no outstanding balances on the Credit Facility. 

 

Convertible Senior Notes

 

On August 12, 2014, the Company issued $230.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due in 2019 (the “2019 Notes”). The 2019 Notes mature on August 15, 2019, and bear interest at a rate of 0.75% per annum payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. The Company accounted for the $230.0 million face value of the debt as a liability and capitalized approximately $7.1 million of financing fees, related to the issuance.

 

The 2019 Notes are senior, unsecured obligations of the Company, and are convertible into shares of its common stock based on a conversion rate of 18.8072 shares per $1,000 principal amount of 2019 Notes which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $53.17 per share. The Company will satisfy any conversion of the 2019 Notes with shares of the Company’s common stock. The 2019 Notes are convertible at the note holders’ option prior to their maturity and if specified corporate transactions occur. The issue price of the 2019 Notes was equal to their face amount.

 

Holders of the 2019 Notes who convert their notes in connection with a qualifying fundamental change, as defined in the related indenture, may be entitled to a make-whole premium in the form of an increase in the conversion rate. Additionally, following the occurrence of a fundamental change, holders may require that the Company repurchase some or all of the 2019 Notes for cash at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the notes being repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. As of March 31, 2015, none of these conditions existed with respect to the 2019 Notes and as a result, the 2019 Notes are classified as long term.

 

The 2019 Notes are the Company’s direct senior unsecured obligations and rank equal in right of payment to all of the Company’s existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness.

 

At March 31, 2015, the carrying amount of the liability and the outstanding principal of the 2019 Notes was $230.0 million, with an effective interest rate of approximately 1.36%. The fair value of the 2019 Notes was $270.7 million at March 31, 2015.

 

The interest expense of the Company’s 2019 Notes related to the contractual interest coupon was $431 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2015. There was no interest expense related to the 2019 Notes for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

 

10. Restructuring

 

In January 2015, the Company initiated the preliminary phase of a work-force reduction as part of a corporate restructuring, with reductions occurring across all levels and departments within the Company. This measure was intended to reduce costs and to align

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED

(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

 

the Company’s resources with its key strategic priorities.  As of March 31, 2015, there was $2.2 million of unpaid restructuring charges classified under accrued expenses on the balance sheet.

 

A summary of the Company’s restructuring accrual at March 31, 2015 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2015, is presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at

 

    

December 31, 2014

    

Charges

    

Payments

    

March 31, 2015

Employment termination costs

 

$

 —

 

$

3,240 

 

$

(1,065)

 

$

2,175 

Total

 

$

 —

 

$

3,240 

 

$

(1,065)

 

$

2,175 

 

 

11. Legal Matters

 

On October 7, 2014, the company filed an amended complaint in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (Civ Act. No. 3:14-cv-06220) against F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. (collectively, “F-Secure"), claiming that F-Secure has infringed, and continues to infringe, several of the Company’s patents. In February 2015, Synchronoss entered into a patent license and settlement agreement with F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. whereby the Company granted each of these companies (but not their subsidiaries or affiliates) a limited license to Synchronoss’ patents. As a result of entering into the patent license and settlement agreement, the parties filed a joint stipulation to dismiss the above complaint.

 

The Company’s 2011 acquisition agreement with Miyowa SA provided that former shareholders of Miyowa SA would be eligible for earn-out payments, to the extent specified business milestones were achieved following the acquisition.  In December 2013, Eurowebfund and Bakamar, two former shareholders of Miyowa SA, filed a complaint against the Company in the Commercial Court of Paris, France claiming that they are entitled to certain earn-out payments under the acquisition agreement.  The Company was served with a copy of this complaint in January 2014.  The Company believes Miyowa SA failed to meet the criteria required for it to pay the claimed amounts and that no earn-out payments are owed.  Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of the lawsuit due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, it believes the positions of Eurowebfund and Bakamar are without merit, and the Company intends to defend all claims brought by them.

 

The Company is not currently subject to any legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on its operations; however, it may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business. The Company is currently the plaintiff in several patent infringement cases. The defendants in several of these cases have filed counterclaims. Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of the cases at this time due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company continues to pursue its claims and believes that the counterclaims are without merit, and the Company intends to defend all such counterclaims.

 

12. Subsequent Events Review

 

The Company has evaluated all subsequent events and transactions through the filing date.

 

 

16


 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the information set forth in our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q and in our annual report Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. This report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management as of the date hereof based on information currently available to our management. Use of words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “hopes,” “should,” “continues,” “seeks,” “likely” or similar expressions, indicate a forward-looking statement. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from the forward-looking statements we make. We caution investors not to place substantial reliance on the forward-looking statements included in this report. These statements speak only as of the date of this report (unless another date is indicated), and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future developments.  All numbers are expressed in thousands unless otherwise stated.

 

Overview

 

We are a mobile innovation company that provides cloud solutions and software-based activation for connected devices globally.  Such services include intelligent connectivity management and content synchronization, backup and sharing, as well as device and service procurement, provisioning, activation, and support, that enable communications service providers (“CSPs”), cable operators/multi-services operators (“MSOs”), original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) with embedded connectivity (e.g. smartphones, laptops, tablets and mobile Internet devices, such as automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes), multi-channel retailers and other customers to accelerate and monetize their go-to-market strategies for connected devices. This includes automating subscriber activation, order management, upgrades, service provisioning and connectivity and content management from any sales channel to any communication service (wireless or wireline), across any connected device type and managing the content transfer, synchronization and share.  Our global solutions touch all aspects of connected devices on the mobile Internet.

 

Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ solution targets individual consumers while our Synchronoss WorkSpace™ solution focuses on providing a secure, integrated file sharing and collaboration solution for small and medium businesses.  In addition, our Integrated Life™ platform is specifically designed to power the activation of the devices and technologies that seamlessly connect today’s consumer and leverage our cloud assets to manage these devices and contents associated with them. The Integrated Life™ platform enables us to drive a natural extension of our mobile activations and cloud services with leading wireless networks around the world to link other non-traditional devices (i.e., automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes).

 

Our Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal Cloud™, Synchronoss WorkSpace™, and Synchronoss Integrated Life™ platforms provide end-to-end seamless integration between customer-facing channels/applications, communication services, or devices and “back-office” infrastructure-related systems and processes. Our customers rely on our solutions and technology to automate the process of activation and content and settings management for their customers’ devices while delivering additional communication services. Our Synchronoss Integrated Life™ platform brings together the capabilities of device/service activation with content and settings management to provide a seamless experience of activating and managing non-traditional devices.  Our platforms also support automated customer care processes through use of accurate and effective speech processing technology and enable our customers to offer their subscribers the ability to store in and retrieve from the Cloud their personal and work content and data to their connected mobile devices, such as personal computers, smartphones and tablets.  Our platforms are designed to be carrier-grade, high availability, flexible and scalable to enable multiple converged communication services to be managed across multiple distribution channels, including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, customer stores, indirect and other retail outlets, allowing us to meet the rapidly changing and converging services and connected devices offered by our customers. We enable our customers to acquire, retain and service subscribers quickly, reliably and cost-effectively by enabling backup, restore, synchronization and sharing of subscriber content.  Through the use of our platforms, our customers can simplify the processes associated with managing the customer experience for procuring, activating, connecting, backing-up, synchronizing and social media and enterprise-wide sharing/collaboration connected devices and contents from these devices and associated services.  The extensibility, scalability, reliability and relevance of our platforms enable new revenue streams and retention opportunities for our customers through new subscriber acquisitions, sale of new devices, accessories and new value-added service offerings in the Cloud, while optimizing their cost of operations and enhancing customer experience.

17


 

 

We currently operate in and market our solutions and services directly through our sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.

 

Our industry-leading customers include Tier 1 mobile service providers such as AT&T Inc., Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Orange, Sprint, Telstra and U.S. Cellular, Tier 1 cable operators/MSOs and wireline operators like AT&T Inc., Comcast, Cablevision, Charter, CenturyLink, Mediacom and Level 3 Communications, and large OEMs such as Apple and Ericsson.  These customers utilize our platforms, technology and services to service both consumer and business customers.

 

Revenues

 

We generate a substantial portion of our revenues on a per-transaction or subscription basis, which is derived from contracts that extend up to 60 months from execution. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we derived approximately 72% and 70%, respectively, of our revenues from transactions processed and subscription arrangements. This increase is a result of new subscription arrangements with our existing customers and increased transaction volumes.  The remainder of our revenues were generated from professional services and licenses.

 

Historically, our revenues have been directly impacted by the number of transactions processed.  The future success of our business depends on the continued growth of consumer and business transactions and, as such, the volume of transactions that we process could fluctuate on a quarterly basis.  See “Current Trends Affecting Our Results of Operations” for certain matters regarding future results of operations.

 

Most of our revenues are recorded in U.S. dollars but as we continue to expand our footprint with international carriers and increase the extent of recording our international activities in local currencies, we will become subject to currency translation risk that could affect our future net sales.

 

Each of AT&T and Verizon Wireless accounted for more than 10% of our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. AT&T and Verizon Wireless in the aggregate accounted for 70% and 67% of our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. See “Risk Factors” for certain matters bearing risks on our future results of operations.

 

Costs and Expenses

 

Our costs and expenses consist of cost of services, research and development, selling, general and administrative, depreciation and amortization, change in contingent consideration and interest and other expense.

 

Cost of services includes all direct materials, direct labor, cost of facilities and those indirect costs related to revenues such as indirect labor, materials and supplies. Our primary cost of services is related to our information technology and systems department, including colocation fees, network costs, data center maintenance, database management and data processing costs, as well as personnel costs associated with service implementation, customer deployment and customer care. Also included in cost of services are costs associated with our exception handling centers and the maintenance of those centers. Currently, we utilize a combination of employees and third-party providers to process transactions through these centers.

 

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred unless they meet U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) criteria for deferral and amortization. Software development costs incurred prior to the establishment of technological feasibility do not meet these criteria, and are expensed as incurred. Research and development expense consists primarily of costs related to personnel, including salaries and other personnel-related expenses, consulting fees and the cost of facilities, computer and support services used in service technology development. We also expense costs relating to developing modifications and minor enhancements of our existing technology and services.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense consists of personnel costs including salaries, sales commissions, sales operations and other personnel-related expenses, travel and related expenses, trade shows, costs of communications equipment and support services, facilities costs, consulting fees, costs of marketing programs, such as internet and print and other overhead costs.

 

Net change in contingent consideration obligation consists of the changes to the fair value estimate of the obligation to the former equity holders which resulted from our acquisitions. The estimate is based on the weighted probability of achieving certain financial

18


 

targets and milestones. The contingent consideration obligation earn-out periods are no longer than 12 months in duration.  As such, we recognize the changes in fair value over that period.  Final determination of the payment is done up to 90 days after the earn-out period.

 

Restructuring charges consist of the costs associated with the January 2015 work-force reduction plan to reduce costs and align our resources with our key strategic priorities. The restructuring charges consist of employee termination costs.

 

Depreciation relates to our property and equipment and includes our network infrastructure and facilities. Amortization primarily relates to trademarks, customer lists, technology acquired and internally developed software.

 

Interest expense consists primarily of interest on our lease financing obligations and our convertible senior notes.

 

Current Trends Affecting Our Results of Operations

 

Business from our Activation and Cloud Solutions has been driven by the unprecedented growth in mobile devices globally. Certain industry trends, such as Next programs from AT&T, have resulted in faster device upgrade cycles increasing device order transactions and activations. Our recent acquisition of the Personal Cloud assets of F-Secure is intended to provide additional penetration within our AT&T account. With mobile devices becoming content rich and starting to act as a replacement for other traditional devices like PC’s, the need to securely back up content from mobile devices, sync it with other devices and share it with others in their community of family, friends and business associates have become essential needs. The major Tier 1 carriers are also publicly discussing achieving 500% penetration (multiple connected devices per user) by enabling connectivity to non-traditional devices. Such devices include connected cars, health and wellness devices, connected home and health care. The need for these devices to be activated, managed and the contents from them to be stored in a common cloud are also expected to be drivers of our businesses in the long term.

 

Bring Your Own Technology is impacting the work environment for Small and Medium Businesses, which find themselves in a position where they need to offer their employees a safe environment to share and collaborate on their work documents and files via mobile devices. Leveraging our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solution infrastructure and technology to build our Synchronoss WorkSpace™ solution for this purpose is enabling us to serve a completely new market, which we believe will also contribute to our growth.

 

To support our expected growth driven by the favorable industry trends mentioned above, we continue to look for opportunities to improve our operating efficiencies, such as the utilization of offshore technical and non-technical resources for our exception handling center management as well as routine software maintenance activities. We also leverage modular components from our existing software platforms to build new products.   We believe that these opportunities will continue to provide future benefits and position us to support revenue growth. In addition, we anticipate further automation of the transactions generated by our more mature customers and additional transaction types. Our cost of services can fluctuate from period to period based upon the level of automation and the on-boarding of new transaction and service types. We are also making investments in new research and development for development of products designed to enable us to grow rapidly in the mobile wireless market. Our purchase of capital assets and equipment may also increase based on aggressive deployment, subscriber growth and promotional offers for storage incentives by our major Tier 1 carrier customers.

 

We continue to advance our plans for the expansion of our platforms' footprint with broadband carriers and international mobile carriers to support connected devices and multiple networks through our focus on transaction management and cloud-based services for back up, synchronization and sharing of content. Our initiatives with AT&T, Verizon Wireless, Vodafone and other CSPs continue to grow both with our current businesses as well as new products. We are also exploring additional opportunities through merger and acquisition activities to support our customer, product and geographic diversification strategies.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires us to utilize accounting policies and make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingencies as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of

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revenues and expenses during a fiscal period. The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) considers an accounting policy to be critical if it is important to a company’s financial condition and results of operations, and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application. We have discussed the selection and development of the critical accounting policies with the audit committee of our Board of Directors, and the audit committee has reviewed our related disclosures in this Form 10-Q.  Although we believe that our judgments and estimates are appropriate, correct and reasonable under the circumstances, actual results may differ from those estimates.  If actual results or events differ materially from those contemplated by us in making these estimates, our reported financial condition and results of operations for future periods could be materially affected. See “Risk Factors” for certain matters bearing risks on our future results of operations.

 

We believe that of our significant accounting policies, which are described in Note 2 in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, the following accounting policies involve a greater degree of judgment and complexity.  Accordingly, these are the policies which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our consolidated financial condition and results of operations:

 

·

Revenue Recognition and Deferred Revenue

·

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

·

Income Taxes

·

Goodwill and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

·

Business Combinations 

·

Stock-Based Compensation

 

There were no significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates discussed in our Form 10-K during the three months ended March 31, 2015.  Please refer to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for a more complete discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates.

 

Acquisitions

 

On February 23, 2015, the Company acquired certain cloud assets from F-Secure, an online security and privacy company headquartered in Finland, for cash consideration of $59.5 million, net of liabilities assumed. The Company believes that the purchase will expand the Company’s cloud services customer base.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014

 

The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2015 vs 2014

 

    

$

    

% of Revenue

    

$

    

% of Revenue

    

$ Change

    

% Change

 

 

(in thousands)

Net revenues

 

$

132,926 

 

100.0 

%

 

$

98,477 

 

100.0 

%

 

$

34,449 

 

35.0 

%

Cost of services*

 

 

53,655 

 

40.4 

%

 

 

39,979 

 

40.6 

%

 

 

13,676 

 

34.2 

%

Research and development

 

 

22,024 

 

16.6 

%

 

 

15,541 

 

15.8 

%

 

 

6,483 

 

41.7 

%

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

20,883 

 

15.7 

%

 

 

17,125 

 

17.4 

%

 

 

3,758 

 

21.9 

%

Net change in contingent consideration obligation

 

 

 —

 

 —

%

 

 

1,211 

 

1.2 

%

 

 

(1,211)

 

(100.0)

%

Restructuring charges

 

 

3,240 

 

2.4 

%

 

 

 —

 

 —

%

 

 

3,240 

 

100.0 

%

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

14,835 

 

11.2 

%

 

 

12,266 

 

12.5 

%

 

 

2,569 

 

20.9 

%

Total costs and expenses

 

 

114,637 

 

86.2 

%

 

 

86,122 

 

87.5 

%

 

 

28,515 

 

33.1 

%

      Income from operations

 

$

18,289 

 

13.8 

%

 

$

12,355 

 

12.5 

%

 

$

5,934 

 

48.0 

%

 

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*  

Cost of services excludes depreciation and amortization which is shown separately.

 

Net Revenues.  Net revenues increased $34.4 million to $132.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014This increase was due primarily to the expansion of our services provided to our customers.  Transaction and subscription revenues as a percentage of sales were 72% or $96.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to 70% or $68.6 million for the same period in 2014.  The increase in transaction and subscription revenue is primarily due to new subscription arrangements and increased transactional services with our existing customers. Professional service and license revenues as a percentage of sales were 28% or $36.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to 30% or $29.9 million for the same period in 2014. The increase in professional services and license revenue is primarily due to new license agreements and expansion of services with existing and new customers.

 

Net revenues related to Activation Services increased $6.9 million to $61.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the same period in 2014.  Activation Services revenue growth was largely attributed to an increased customer base and overall growth with existing customers. Net revenues related to Activation Services represented 46% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to 56% for the same period in 2014. Net revenues related to our Cloud Services increased by $27.5 million to $71.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. The increase in our Cloud Service performance was a result of a strong adoption of our cloud offerings across our customer base. Net revenues related to our Cloud Services represented 54% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to 44% for the same period in 2014.

 

Expenses

 

Cost of Services.  Cost of services increased $13.7 million to $53.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014,  due primarily to an increase of $6.6 million in colocation costs related to the expansion of our hosting and storage offerings. There was also an increase of $4.1 million in outside consulting expense, due to our increased use of third party exception handling vendors related to expanded programs, operations and migration projects. Additionally, our personnel and related costs increased  $2.8 million as a result of our continued growth.  Cost of services as a percentage of revenues decreased to 40.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, as compared to 40.6% for the same period in 2014.  

 

Research and Development.  Research and development expense increased $6.5 million to $22.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014 primarily due to an increase of $4.4 million in personnel and related costs due to continued growth and completing our initial phase of work on the Synchronoss Workspace platform.  Software development costs associated with the Synchronoss Workspace platform were capitalized for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Additionally, there was an increase of $1.1 million in facility costs. The majority of the remaining increase related to a one-time Strumsoft retention bonus. Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues increased to 16.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to 15.8% for the same period in 2014.

 

Selling, General and Administrative.    Selling, general and administrative expense increased $3.8 million to $20.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014.  This was primarily driven by an increase of $1.9 million in personnel and related costs and an increase of $1.8 million in professional fees. The increase in personnel and related costs primarily relates to increased headcount as a result of our international expansion. Additionally, the increase in professional services relates to accounting and legal costs resulting from our acquisition of F-Secure and our patent licensing program.  Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues decreased to 15.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to 17.4% for the same period in 2014.

 

Net change in contingent consideration obligation.  The net change in contingent consideration obligation resulted in a $1.2 million decrease for the three months ended March 31, 2015.  There was no contingent consideration for the three months ended March 31, 2015 due to the completion of all earn-out periods.  The prior year consisted of  a $1.2 million fair value increase of contingent consideration associated with the Strumsoft earn-out.

 

Restructuring Charges. Restructuring charges were $3.2 million,  related to employment termination costs, as a result of the January 2015 workforce reduction plan to reduce costs and align our resources with our key strategic priorities.

 

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Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense increased $2.6 million to $14.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014. This was primarily related to the increase in depreciable fixed assets necessary for the continued expansion of our platforms and amortization of our newly acquired intangible assets related to our recent acquisitions.  Depreciation and amortization expense as a percentage of revenues decreased to 11.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, as compared to 12.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

 

Income from Operations.  Income from operations increased $5.9 million to $18.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014This was primarily due to increased revenues offset by increases in depreciable fixed assets, intangible amortization, restructuring charges related to our workforce reduction to align our resources with our key strategic priorities and the additional costs associated with our acquired operations. Income from operations as a percentage of revenues increased to 13.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, as compared to 12.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

 

Interest income.  Interest income increased $417 thousand to $466 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014. Interest income increased primarily due to an increase in our cash, cash equivalents and investment balances.

 

Interest expense.  Interest expense increased $922 thousand to $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014 due primarily to an increase of approximately $784 thousand related to the convertible debt contractual interest and deferred financing costs and an additional increase of $64 thousand related to our credit facility.

 

Other income.  Other income decreased $782 thousand to $14 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014.  Other income decreased primarily due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and prior year R&D tax credits taken that were taken in 2014 that were not available to us during the three months ended March 31, 2015.

 

Income Tax.  We recognized approximately $6.9 million and $5.2 million in related income tax expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Our effective tax rate was approximately 39.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2015, which was higher than our U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to an unfavorable impact of Subpart F Income offset by a favorable impact of profit mix in foreign jurisdictions, which have lower tax rates. Our effective tax rate was approximately 40.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, which was higher than our U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to an unfavorable impact of the change in fair market value for the contingent consideration obligation related to the Spatial earn-out and higher state taxes. We review the expected annual effective income tax rate and make changes on a quarterly basis as necessary based on certain factors such as changes in forecasted annual operating income, changes to the actual and forecasted permanent book-to-tax differences, and changes resulting from the impact of tax law changes.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our principal source of liquidity has been cash provided by operations. Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities balance was $209.8 million at March 31, 2015,  a decrease of $80.6 million as compared to the balance at December 31, 2014.  This decrease was primarily due to $59.5 million paid for the purchase of F-Secure and $24.2 million related to purchases of fixed assets. We anticipate that our principal uses of cash in the future will be to fund the expansion of our business through both organic growth as well as possible acquisition activities and the expansion of our customer base internationally.  Uses of cash will also include facility and technology expansion, capital expenditures, and working capital.

 

On August 12, 2014, we issued $230.0 million aggregate principal amount of 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due in 2019 (the “2019 Notes”). The 2019 Notes mature on August 15, 2019, and bear interest at a rate of 0.75% per annum payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year. We accounted for the $230 million face value of the debt as a liability and capitalized approximately $7.1 million of financing fees, related to the issuance. At March 31, 2015, the carrying amount of the liability and the outstanding principal of the 2019 Notes was $230.0 million, with an effective interest rate of approximately 1.36%. The fair value of the 2019 Notes was $270.7 million at March 31, 2015.

 

In September 2013, we entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., as the administrative agent, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the syndication agent and Capital One, National Association and KeyBank National Association, as co-documentation agents.  The Credit Facility, which can be used for general corporate purposes, is a $100 million unsecured revolving line of credit that matures on September 27, 2018.  We have the right to request an increase in the

22


 

aggregate principal amount of the Credit Facility to $150 million.

 

The Credit Facility is subject to certain financial covenants.  As of March 31, 2015, we were in compliance with all required covenants and there were no outstanding balances on the Credit Facility.

 

At March 31, 2015,  our non-U.S. subsidiaries held approximately $12.4 million of cash and cash equivalents that are available for use by all of our operations around the world.  At this time, we believe these funds will be permanently reinvested outside of the U.S.  However, if these funds were repatriated to the U.S. or used for U.S. operations, certain amounts could be subject to U.S. tax for the incremental amount in excess of the foreign tax paid.  Due to the timing and circumstances of repatriation of such earnings, if any, it is not practical to determine the unrecognized deferred tax liability related to the amount.

 

Discussion of Cash Flows

 

Cash flows from operations. Net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $135 thousand, as compared to $11.4 million used for the same period in 2014.  Cash flows from operations increased by approximately $11.3 million. The operating cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2015 benefited from the increase in net income and non-cash items by $3.2 million. Net working capital, although negatively impacted by the timing of our receivable collections, increased by $15.2 million from the three months ended March 31, 2014.

 

Cash flows from investing.  Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $87.0 million, as compared to $9.0 million used for the same period in 2014.  The increase in net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 of $78.0 million compared to 2014 was primarily due to the recent acquisition of F-Secure and increased capital expenditures.

 

Cash flows from financing.  Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $3.6 million, as compared to $4.1 million provided by financing activities for the same period in 2014.  The decrease in net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 of $479 thousand as compared to 2014 was primarily due to the $8 million payment of the Strumsoft earn-out, of which $4.5 million was classified as cash flows from financing activities, offset by an increase in proceeds from the exercise of stock options.

 

We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents, cash generated from our existing operations, our available credit facilities and other available sources of financing will be sufficient to fund our operations for the next twelve months based on our current business plans.

 

Effect of Inflation

 

Although inflation generally affects us by increasing our cost of labor and equipment, we do not believe that inflation has had any material effect on our results of operations for three months ended March 31, 2015 or 2014.

 

Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In March 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The amendments in this ASU requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this ASU. The amendments are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The amendments should be applied on a retrospective basis, wherein the balance sheet of each individual period presented should be adjusted to reflect the period-specific effects of applying the new guidance. Upon transition, an entity is required to comply with the applicable disclosures for a change in an accounting principle. These disclosures include the nature of and reason for the change in accounting principle, the transition method, a description of the prior-period information that has been retrospectively adjusted, and the effect of the change on the financial statement line items (i.e., debt issuance cost asset and the debt liability). Management is currently evaluating the effects of ASU 2015-03 on our consolidated financial statements.

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In February 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. The new consolidation standard changes the way reporting enterprises evaluate whether (a) they should consolidate limited partnerships and similar entities, (b) fees paid to a decision maker or service provider are variable interests in a variable interest entity ("VIE"), and (c) variable interests in a VIE held by related parties of the reporting enterprise require the reporting enterprise to consolidate the VIE. The guidance is effective for public business entities for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is allowed, including early adoption in an interim period. A reporting entity may apply a modified retrospective approach by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to equity as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption or may apply the amendments retrospectively. Management is currently assessing the impact, if any, of the adoption of this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-01, Income Statement - Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items. The new guidance eliminates the separate presentation of extraordinary items, net of tax and the related earnings per share, but does not affect the requirement to disclose material items that are unusual in nature or infrequently occurring. The ASU applies to all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Entities have the option to apply the new guidance prospectively or retrospectively, and can choose early adoption. Management does not expect the adoption of this ASU to significantly impact the consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) (collectively, the “Boards”) jointly issued a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under US GAAP and IFRS. The standard’s core principle (issued as ASU 2014-09 by the FASB and as IFRS 15 by the IASB), is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The new guidance must be adopted using either a full retrospective approach for all periods presented in the period of adoption or a modified retrospective approach. The effective date is fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is not permitted. Management is currently evaluating the methods of adoption and the impact that ASU 2014-09 will have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014,  that have or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to our interests.

 

ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Market Risk

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part II, “Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. We believe our exposure associated with these market risks has not changed materially since December 31, 2014.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

 

We conduct business outside of the U.S. in several currencies including the British Pound Sterling, Euro, Australian Dollar, and Indian Rupee. The functional currency is translated into U.S. dollars for balance sheet accounts using the month end rates in effect as of the balance sheet date and average exchange rate for revenue and expense accounts for each respective period. The translation adjustments are deferred as a separate component of stockholders’ equity within accumulated other comprehensive income. Gains or losses resulting from transactions denominated in foreign currencies are included in other income or expense, within the consolidated statements of income. The effects of the change in functional currency were not material to our consolidated financial statements.

 

24


 

We do not hold any derivative instruments and do not engage in any hedging activities. Although our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar, we may conduct business and incur costs in the local currencies of other countries in which we may operate, make sales and buy materials. As a result, we are subject to currency translation risk. Further, changes in exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar could affect our future net sales and cost of sales and could result in exchange losses.

 

We cannot accurately predict future exchange rates or the overall impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our business, results of operations and financial condition. To the extent that our international activities recorded in local currencies increase in the future, our exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates will correspondingly increase and hedging activities may be considered if appropriate.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

We are exposed to the risk of interest rate fluctuations on the interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents. A hypothetical 100 basis point movement in interest rates applicable to our cash and cash equivalents outstanding at March 31, 2015 would increase interest income by less than $399 thousand on an annual basis. We are subject to foreign currency exchange risk with respect to cash balances maintained in foreign currencies. As of March 31, 2015, there were no outstanding balances on the Credit Facility.

 

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of March 31, 2015.  Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of March 31, 2015, the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

 

Changes in internal controls over financial reporting

 

We have implemented new financial systems that will continue in phases over the remainder of the year. In connection with this initiative and the resulting changes in our financial systems, the Company continues to enhance the design and documentation of our internal control processes to ensure that controls over our financial reporting remain effective. Except as noted, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by paragraph (d) of Exchange Act Rule 13a-15 that was conducted during the last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On October 7, 2014, we filed an amended complaint in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (Civ Act. No. 3:14-cv-06220) against F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. (collectively, “F-Secure"), claiming that F-Secure has infringed, and continues to infringe, several of our patents. In February 2015, we entered into a patent license and settlement agreement with F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. whereby we granted each of these companies (but not their subsidiaries or affiliates) a limited license to our patents. As a result of entering into the patent license and settlement agreement, the parties filed a joint stipulation to dismiss the above complaint.

 

Our 2011 acquisition agreement with Miyowa SA provided that former shareholders of Miyowa SA would be eligible for earn-out payments to the extent specified business milestones were achieved following the acquisition.  In December 2013, Eurowebfund and

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Bakamar, two former shareholders of Miyowa SA filed a complaint against us in the Commercial Court of Paris, France claiming that they are entitled to certain earn-out payments under the acquisition agreement.  We were served with a copy of this complaint in January 2014.  We believe Miyowa SA failed to meet the criteria required for us to pay the claimed amounts and that no earn-out payments are owed.  Although we cannot predict the outcome of the lawsuit due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we believe the positions of Eurowebfund and Bakamar are without merit, and we intend to vigorously defend against all claims brought by them. 

 

We are not currently subject to any legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on our operations; however, we may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business.  The Company is currently the plaintiff in several patent infringement cases. The defendants in several of these cases have filed counterclaims. Although we cannot predict the outcome of the cases at this time due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we continue to pursue our claims and believe that any counterclaims are without merit, and we intend to defend against all such counterclaims.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in our Form 10-K are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.  If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be negatively affected. In that case, the trading price of our stock could decline, and our stockholders may lose part or all of their investment.

 

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS