10-K 1 c554-20141231x10k.htm 10-K sncr_Current Folio_10K

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


Form 10‑K

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

 

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to

 

Commission file number 000‑52049


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware
(State of incorporation)

06‑1594540
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

200 Crossing Boulevard, 8th Floor, Bridgewater, New Jersey 08807

(Address of principal executive offices, including ZIP code)

(866) 620‑3940

(Registrants telephone number, including area code)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title of each class

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $.0001 par value

The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well‑known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S‑T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S‑K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non‑accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non‑accelerated filer 
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non‑affiliates of the Registrant as of June 30, 2014, the last business day of the Registrants last completed second quarter, based upon the closing price of the common stock as reported by The NASDAQ Stock Market on such date was approximately $1 billion. Shares of common stock held by each executive officer, director and stockholders known by the Registrant to own 10% or more of the outstanding stock based on public filings and other information known to the Registrant have been excluded since such persons may be deemed affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

 

As of February 23, 2015, a total of 43,027,001 shares of the Registrants common stock were outstanding. The exhibit index as required by Item 601(a) of Regulation S‑K is included in Item 15 of Part IV of this report on Form 10‑K.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Information required by Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) is incorporated by reference to portions of the Registrants definitive Proxy Statement for its 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the Proxy Statement), which is to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the end of the Registrants fiscal year ended December 31, 2014. Except as expressly incorporated by reference, the Proxy Statement shall not be deemed to be a part of this report on Form 10‑K.

 

 

 


 

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

FORM 10‑K

December 31, 2014

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Item

 

Page No.

 

PART I

 

1. 

Business

1A. 

Risk Factors

14 

1B. 

Unresolved Staff Comments

25 

2. 

Properties

26 

3. 

Legal Proceedings

26 

4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

26 

 

PART II

 

5. 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

27 

6. 

Selected Financial Data

29 

7. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

30 

7A. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

46 

8. 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

48 

9. 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

83 

9A. 

Controls and Procedures

83 

9B. 

Other Information

86 

 

PART III

 

10. 

Directors and Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

86 

11. 

Executive Compensation

86 

12. 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

86 

13. 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

87 

14. 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

87 

 

PART IV

 

15. 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

88 

 

Signatures

91 

 

 

 

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PART I

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS

 

The words "Synchronoss", "we", "our", "ours", "us" and the "Company" refer to Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. All statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are not historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements regarding Synchronoss' "expectations," "beliefs," "hopes," "intentions," “anticipates,” “seeks,” "strategies," "plans," "targets," "estimations," “outlook” or the like. Such statements are based on management's current expectations and are subject to a number of factors and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Synchronoss cautions investors that there can be no assurance that actual results or business conditions will not differ materially from those projected or suggested in such forward-looking statements as a result of various factors including, but not limited to, the risk factors discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Synchronoss expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in Synchronoss' expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

 

General

 

We are a mobile innovation company that provides software-based cloud and activation solutions for connected devices to enterprise customers on a global scale.  Our software creates innovative consumer and enterprise solutions that drive billions of transactions on a wide range of connected devices across the world’s leading networks. Our solutions include: intelligent connectivity management and content synchronization, backup and sharing service procurement, provisioning, activation, and support that enable communications service providers (CSPs), cable operators/multi-services operators (MSOs), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) with embedded connectivity (e.g. smartphones, laptops, tablets and mobile Internet devices, such as automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes), multi-channel retailers and other customers to accelerate and monetize value-add services for connected devices. This includes automating subscriber activation, order management, upgrades, service provisioning and connectivity and content management from any sales channel to any communication service (wireless or wireline), across any connected device type and managing the content transfer, synchronization and share.

 

Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ platform is specifically designed to power the activation of the devices and technologies that seamlessly connect today’s consumer and leverage our cloud assets to manage these devices and content associated with them.  Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platform focuses on providing a secure, integrated file sharing and collaboration solution for small and medium businesses. Our consumer and small business platforms and solutions enable us to drive a natural extension of our mobile activations and cloud services with leading wireless networks around the world to link other non-traditional devices (i.e., automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes).

 

Our Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ and Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platforms provide end-to-end seamless integration between customer-facing channels/applications, communication services, or devices and “back-office” infrastructure-related systems and processes. Our customers rely on our solutions and technology to automate the process of activation and content and settings management for their subscriber’s devices while delivering additional communication services. Our Integrated Life™ platform brings together the capabilities of device/service activation with content and settings management to provide a seamless experience of activating and managing both traditional and non-traditional devices. Our platforms also support automated customer care processes through use of accurate and effective speech processing technology and enable our customers to offer their subscribers the ability to store in and retrieve from the Cloud their personal and work content and data which resides on their connected mobile devices, such as personal computers, smartphones and tablets.  Our platforms are designed to be carrier-grade, highly available, flexible and scalable to enable multiple converged communication services to be managed across multiple distribution channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, customer stores, indirect and other retail outlets allowing us to meet the rapidly changing and converging services and connected devices offered by our customers. We enable our customers to acquire, retain and service subscribers quickly, reliably and cost-effectively by enabling backup, restore, synchronization and sharing of subscriber content.  Through the use of our platforms, our customers can simplify the processes associated with managing the customer experience for procuring, activating, connecting, backing-up, synchronizing and social media and enterprise-wide sharing/collaboration with connected devices and contents from these devices and associated services.  The extensibility, scalability, reliability and relevance of our platforms enable new revenue streams and retention opportunities for our customers through new

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subscriber acquisitions, sale of new devices, accessories and new value-added service offerings in the Cloud, while optimizing their cost of operations and enhancing customer experience. We currently operate in and market our solutions and services directly through our sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.

 

Our industry-leading customers include Tier 1 mobile service providers such as AT&T Inc., Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Orange, Sprint, Telstra and U.S. Cellular, Tier 1 cable operators/MSOs and wireline operators like AT&T Inc., Comcast, Cablevision, Charter, CenturyLink, Mediacom and Level 3 Communications and large OEMs such as Apple and Ericsson.  These customers utilize our platforms, technology and services to service both consumer and business customers.

 

We were incorporated in Delaware in 2000. Our Web address is www.synchronoss.com. On this Web site, we post the following filings as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, our current reports on Form 8-K, our proxy statement on Form 14A related to our annual stockholders' meeting and any amendment to those reports or statements filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All such filings are available on the Investor Relations portion of our Web site free of charge. The contents of our Web site are not intended to be incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K or in any other report or document we file.

 

Synchronoss Platforms

 

Our Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal  Cloud™, Synchronoss WorkSpace™ and Integrated Life platforms provide highly scalable automated on-demand, end-to-end order processing, transaction management, service provisioning, device activation, intelligent connectivity and content transfer, synchronization and social media as well as enterprise-wide sharing/collaboration through multiple channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, enterprise, indirect, and retail outlets. Our global platforms are designed to be flexible and scalable across a wide range of existing communication services and connected devices, while offering a best-in-class experience for our customers and supporting traditional and non-traditional devices. The extensible nature of our platforms enables our customers to rapidly respond to the ever changing and competitive nature of the telecommunications and mobile marketplaces.

 

Our Activation Services and Integrated Life platforms orchestrate the complex and different back-end systems of communication service providers to provide a best-in-class ordering system by orchestrating the workflow and consolidated automated customer care services. This allows CSPs using our platforms to realize the full benefits of their offerings.  The platforms also support, among other automated transaction areas, credit card billing, inventory management, and trouble ticketing. In addition to this, the platform supports the physical transactions involved in customer activation and service such as managing access service requests, local service requests, local number portability, and directory listings. Our Integrated Life platform also enables our customers to activate non-traditional devices, such as wearables and automobiles, where activations could take place in environments totally out of a mobile operator’s control, such as at an OEM or in the hands of an end-consumer in an automobile.

 

Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud and Synchronoss WorkSpace platforms extend features from our core platform into more transaction areas required to enable subscriber management for connected devices including directly on the device itself. In addition, our Synchronoss Personal Cloud platform is specifically designed to support connected devices, such as smartphones, mobile Internet devices (MIDs), laptops, tablets and wirelessly enabled consumer electronics such as wearables for health and wellness, cameras, tablets, e-readers, personal navigation devices, and global positioning system (GPS) enabled devices, as well as connected automobiles.

 

Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud platform is designed to deliver an operator-branded experience for subscribers to backup, restore, synchronize and share their personal content across smartphones, tablets, computers and other connected devices from anywhere at any time. A key element of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud platform is that it extends a carrier’s or OEM’s visibility and reaches into all aspects of a subscriber’s use of a connected device.  It introduces the notion of Connect-Sync-Activate for all devices.  Through our Activation Services platform a device is activated via a variety of different channels. Once connected, most users of mobile devices avail themselves of content synchronization from the Cloud using policies that are appropriate and applicable to each specific device.

 

Our Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platform is designed to deliver an operator branded or enterprise co-branded experience for employees of small and medium businesses to share and collaborate with documents and files through the use of any device from any place without violating corporate enterprise policies and adhering to compliance policies.

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In addition to handling large volumes of customer transactions quickly and efficiently, our platforms are designed to recognize, isolate and address transactions when there is insufficient information or other erroneous process elements. This knowledge enables us to adapt our solutions to automate a higher percentage of transactions over time, further improving the value of our solutions to our customers. Our platforms also offer a centralized reporting platform that provides intelligent, real-time analytics around the entire workflow related to any transaction. This reporting allows our customers to appropriately identify buying behaviors and trends, define their subscriber segments and pin-point areas where their business is changing or could be improved.  These analytics enable our customers to upsell new and additional products and services in a targeted fashion that help increase their consumption of our product offerings. The automation and ease of integration of our platforms are designed to enable our customers to lower the cost of new subscriber acquisitions, enhance the accuracy and reliability of customer transactions thereby reducing the inbound service call volumes, and responding rapidly to competitive market conditions to create new revenue streams. Our platforms offer flexible, scalable, extensible and relevant solutions backed by service level agreements (SLAs) and exception handling.

 

Our platforms manage transactions relating to a wide range of existing communications and digital content services across our customers. For example, we enable wireless providers to conduct business-to-consumer, or B2C, business-to-business, or B2B, enterprise and indirect channel (i.e.: resellers/dealers) transactions. The capabilities of our platforms are designed to provide our customers with the opportunity to improve operational performance and efficiencies, dynamically identify new revenue opportunities and rapidly deploy new services. They are also designed to provide customers the opportunity to improve performance and efficiencies for activation, content migration and connectivity management for connected devices.

 

Our platforms are designed to be:

 

Carrier Grade:  We designed our platforms to handle high-volume transactions from carriers (such as the launch of the new iPhone 6) rapidly and efficiently, with virtually no down-time. Our platforms are also capable of simultaneously handling millions of device content related transactions on a daily basis to ensure that personal content on all subscriber devices stays fresh and synchronized with the Cloud.

 

Highly Automated:  We designed our platforms to eliminate manual processes and to automate otherwise labor-intensive tasks, thus improving operating efficiencies and order accuracy, and reducing costs. By tracking every order and identifying those that are not provisioned properly, our platforms are designed to substantially reduce the need for manual intervention and reduce unnecessary customer service center calls. The technology of our platforms automatically guides a customer's request for service through the entire series of required steps.

 

Predictable and Reliable:  We are committed to providing high-quality, dependable services to our customers. To ensure reliability, system uptime and other service offerings, our transaction management is guaranteed through SLAs. Our platforms offer a complete customer management solution, including exception handling, which we believe is one of the main factors that differentiates us from our competitors. In performing exception handling, our platforms recognize and isolate transaction orders that are not configured to specifications, process them in a timely manner and communicate these orders back to our customers, thereby improving efficiency and reducing backlog. If manual intervention is required, our exception handling services are performed internally as well as outsourced to centers located in Canada and the United States and, where applicable, to other cost-effective geographies. Additionally, our database is designed to preserve data integrity while ensuring fast, efficient, transaction-oriented data retrieval methods.

 

Seamless:  Our platforms integrate information across our customers' entire operation, including subscriber information, order information, delivery status, installation scheduling and content stored on the device to allow for the seamless activation and content transfer during the device purchase flow. Through our platforms, the device is automatically activated and consumer's content is available for use via the Cloud, ensuring continuity of service and reducing subscriber churn propensity. CSPs and multi-channel retailers can bundle additional applications during retail phone purchases, and also provide live updates to support new features and new devices. We have built our platforms using an open design with fully-documented software interfaces, commonly referred to as application programming interfaces, or APIs. Our APIs enable our customers, strategic partners and other third parties to integrate our platforms with other software applications and to build best-in-class cloud-based applications incorporating third-party or customer-designed capabilities. Through our open design and alliance program, we believe we provide our customers with superior solutions that combine our technology with best-of-breed applications with the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of commercial, packaged interfaces.

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Scalable:  Our platforms are designed to process expanding transaction volumes reliably and cost effectively. While our transaction volume has increased rapidly since our inception, we anticipate substantial future growth in transaction volumes, and we believe our platforms are capable of scaling their output commensurately, requiring principally routine computer hardware and software updates. Our synchronization and activation platforms routinely support our customers' transactions at the highest level of demands when needed with our current production deployments. We continue to see the number of transactions for connected devices, such as smartphones, mobile Internet devices (MIDs), laptops, tablets and wirelessly enabled consumer electronics such as cameras, tablets, e-readers, personal navigation devices, global positioning system (GPS) enabled devices, and other connected consumer electronics, to be one of the fastest growing transaction types across all our platforms, products and services. Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud platform is deployed across more than 65 million devices, managing 10 billion entities in the Cloud and performing more than 7 million synchronizations per day.

 

Value-add Reporting Tools:  Our platforms' attributes are tightly integrated into the critical workflows of our customers and have analytical reporting capabilities that provide near real-time information for every step of the relevant transaction processes. In addition to improving end-user customer satisfaction, these capabilities are designed to provide our customers with value-added insights into historical and current transaction trends. We also offer mobile reporting capabilities for users to receive critical data about their transactions on connected devices.

 

Build Consumer Loyalty and Create New Revenue Streams:  Our synchronization services help drive consumers to the CSPs, OEM or multi-channel retailers by presenting them with a branded application and fully-integrated Web portal that provides convenience, security, and continuity for end user customers, which we believe helps our customers by further building the loyalty of their subscribers.  Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solution helps reduce subscriber churn by making it easy for subscribers to migrate smartphone content from an old device to a new device. Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solution enables our carrier customers to sell premium value-add cloud storage solutions as well as cloud enabling premium partner opportunities. We are designing solutions that will allow carriers, OEMs and retail distributors to promote and fulfill new services through mobile channels to better monetize their cloud subscriber base.

 

Efficient:  Our platforms' capabilities provide what we believe to be a more cost-effective, efficient and productive approach to enabling new activations across services and channels. Our solutions allow our customers to reduce overhead costs associated with building and operating their own customer transaction management infrastructure. With automated activation and integrated fall out support, our e-commerce platforms centralize customer service expectations, which we believe dramatically reduces our customers’ subscriber acquisition/retention costs in addition to operating expenses for training and staffing costs. We also provide our customers with the information and tools intended to more efficiently manage marketing and operational aspects of their business, as well as business intelligence required to do targeted up-selling of their products and services.

 

Quick Concept to Market Delivery:  The automation and ease of integration of our on-demand platform allows our customers to accelerate the deployment of their services and new service offerings by shortening the time between a subscriber's order and the provisioning of service or activation and enabling of a connected device(s).

 

Extensible and Relevant:  Our customers operate in dynamic and fast paced industries. Our platforms and solutions are built in a modular fashion, thereby conducive to be extended dynamically and enabling our customers to offer solutions that are relevant to current market situations, with the goal of providing them with the competitive edge required for them to be successful. The platforms are also designed to be highly customizable to each carrier’s specific back end systems as well as branding requirements.

 

Designed to integrate with back-office systems, our platforms allow work to flow electronically across our customers’ organizations while providing ready access to performance and resource usage information in providing activation and subscriber management.

 

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Demand Drivers for Our Business

 

Our products and services are capable of managing a wide variety of transactions across multiple customer delivery channels and services, which we believe enables us to benefit from increased growth, complexity and technological change in the communications technology industry. As the communications technology industry evolves, new access networks, connected devices and applications with multiple services and modes are emerging. More significantly, the accumulation of multiple connected devices per subscriber is creating new opportunities for network and cloud-driven service continuity. This proliferation of services and advancement of technologies is accelerating subscriber revenue growth, significantly expanding the types and volume of rich content accessed and stored by consumers, and increasing the number of transactions between our customers and their subscribers. In addition to this dynamic, we believe our core electronic transaction management business is further being driven by the following factors:

 

·

A proliferation of connected devices led by a) new and richer operating systems, b) increasing connected devices adoption, c) broadband networks experiencing critical mass and d) enhanced cloud computing enabling access to rich content

·

New and evolving business models by North American carriers encouraging more frequent device upgrades by subscribers

·

New emerging connected devices are giving consumers multiple smart devices and create a more compelling need for cloud sharing and identity management

·

Wireless ecosystem continues to experience a paradigm shift in its buying patterns

·

Continued growth of the online channel for the communications marketplace

·

Expansion of communication service bundles to be utilized across multiple devices

·

Pressure on operators to improve efficiency while delivering a superior subscriber experience

·

Growth of the on-demand delivery model

·

Mobile Network Operators’ shift in focus from new subscriber additions to new connections added, as well as an increasing concentration adding new non-traditional devices to family share plans

·

Mobile applications and cloud-enabled services combined with innovative devices and the Internet of Things offer new opportunities to connect, transact business and consume an array of information

 

We continue to see embedded connectivity technology within a vast array of common electronic devices.  According to “The Mobile Economy 2014” report by GSM Association (GSMA), total connected devices are projected to grow from 11.3 billion in 2013 to 25.7 billion in 2020. Of these devices, growth in mobile is expected from 6.9 billion in 2013 to 10.8 billion in 2020.

 

We see the following drivers behind this development:

 

New and Richer Operating Systems:  In many ways, device operating systems like the iOS for the iPhone/iTouch/iPad portfolio, the Android produced by Google, Windows® mobile devices, and BlackBerry OS for the BlackBerry portfolio have accelerated the adoption and usage of smartphones. According to an International Data Corporation (IDC) report, from 2013 to 2017, tablets are projected to increase from 11.8 percent to 16.5 percent, while smartphones will increase from 59.5 percent to 70.5 percent.  Citing a recent IDC report, tablet shipments for the full year 2014 increased 4.4%, totaling 229.6 million units.

 

Increasing Mobile Adoption Worldwide:  According to estimates by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), today there are 2.3 billion active mobile-broadband subscriptions in the world or 32 percent of the global population, reaching 10 percent fixed-broadband penetration globally. In the GSMA market report, “The Mobile Economy 2014,” the GSMA stated that by 2020, 55 percent of the world’s population is expected to have their own mobile subscription. 

 

Smartphone Sales and Diversification:    IDC expects 1.4 billion smartphones to be shipped worldwide in 2015 for a 12.2% year-over-year growth rate. Slower annual growth continues throughout the forecast with unit shipments approaching 1.9 billion units in 2018, resulting in a 9.8% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for the 2014–2018 forecast period. Despite a number of mature markets nearing smartphone saturation, the demand for low-cost computing in emerging markets continues to drive the smartphone market forward. These smartphones, tablets and other connected devices have a need to store, synchronize and share content across multiple devices which drive the need for personal cloud solutions in the marketplace.

 

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Wireless Broadband Networks Experiencing Critical Mass:  The establishment of multiple broadband mobile networks (e.g., Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, High-Speed Packet Access, Evolution-Data Optimized, WiMax, and LTE among others) has provided broader bandwidth to CSPs, while decreasing the cost per bit transmitted, thus enabling the proliferation of mobile devices and equipment with embedded connectivity. As more of these devices enter the market, and many of them with lower average revenue per user (ARPU) than traditional wireless services, they will necessitate an efficient and seamless activation/provisioning system with a best-in-class customer experience to differentiate them.

 

4G-LTE Networks:  The emergence of 4G-LTE networks is expected to improve the connected devices customer experience with higher data speeds and reduced latency. In addition, devices such as mobile routers and tablets can generate mobile hotspots. With fixed mobile broadband, mobile carriers and MSOs can also offer bundled services. As well, these networks are also focused on enhancing Machine to Machine (M2M) communications.

 

Wireless Ecosystem Continues to Experience a Paradigm Shift in its Buying Patterns:    Consumers have traditionally been accustomed to purchasing their devices and service plans directly from CSPs. That is, if they wanted a particular wireless service, they first had to decide which operator they wanted, and then only after they made this decision, could they select a phone. We are seeing considerable forces altering this typical buy flow and in doing so generating considerable innovation and a change in the ecosystem.  Managing the activation, provisioning, connectivity and synchronization of these devices and handling the connectivity with the different service providers is something that is not core to OEMs or multi-channel retailers. As this dynamic evolves, we expect that there will be an increasing need for automated connect-sync-activate services as well as other transaction areas such as device integration, certification, credit card billing, inventory management, and trouble ticketing.

 

Continued Growth of the Online Channel for the Communications Space:    Cloud-based commerce provides our customers with the opportunity to cost-effectively gain new subscribers, provide service and interact more effectively. Specifically, we estimate that the cost per gross add (CPGA) for a customer obtained via e-commerce can be up to 50% less than those obtained via traditional means. With the dramatic increase in Internet usage and desire to directly connect with end users over the course of the customer lifecycle, service providers are increasingly focusing on e-commerce as a channel for customer acquisition and delivery of ongoing services. According to the market research firm Forrester, e-commerce sales were approximately 9 percent of all sales in the U.S. and projected to reach 11 percent by 2018. As online channels continue to experience growth, we expect that there will be an increasing need to automate the activation and provisioning process of mobile devices, and provide a best-in-class customer experience over the Internet.

 

Expansion of Communication Service Bundles:   “Quad Play” services are bundled offerings that include fixed voice, broadband, television and mobile voice. According to Ovum, quad-play bundles are predicted to be the fastest-growing bundle type, rising to almost 46 million subscriptions by 2019, a 31 percent compound annual growth rate. With subscribers expecting CSPs to offer all services under one contract, communications companies continue the development of bundled style offerings of their available services. In this environment, more CSPs are utilizing an array of communication delivery technologies to become all-in-one providers of communication services. For example, MSOs are increasingly creating true quad-play's (i.e., voice, video, high speed data and wireless) with the creation, acquisition and/or development of their own wireless networks. As wireless technology proliferates further into the consumer device market, we believe we will see an emergence of service bundling that surpasses the traditional perception of a quad-play, where the wireless component will encompass an added array of wireless enabled devices. As quad-play offerings gain more traction and service bundles begin encompassing emerging devices and technologies, we believe that the level of complexity in seamlessly delivering these services will increase significantly and that CSPs will need transaction management systems that can effectively handle those delivery challenges.

 

Faster Upgrade Cycles for Smartphones:  According to the IDC, the sale of worldwide smart connected devices will continue to surge, with overall shipments surpassing 2 billion units by the end of 2015 with a market value of $735.1 billion. A GSMA report, “The Mobile Economy 2014” stated that by 2020, the positive impact on the global economy could be worth as much as $4.5 trillion per annum. Two key areas of our business are involved in this process. Subscribers placing their orders on-line with our operator customers, transparently use our Activation platform for these upgrades resulting in growth of transactions processed by us. Secondly, subscribers who upgrade need to back up their data from old phones and restore that data on their new devices, which increases the need for our cloud solutions. With the storage capacity of Smartphones increasing each year, we anticipate that the requirements for storage to back up the data on these devices will also increase.

 

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Pressure on Customers to Improve Efficiency while Delivering a Superior Subscriber Experience: Increased competition, recessionary markets, and the cost of network capacity have placed significant pressure on our customers to reduce costs and increase revenues. At the same time, due to deregulation, the emergence of new network technologies and the proliferation of services, the complexity of back-office operations has increased significantly. Customers with multiple back-end systems are looking for ways to help their systems interoperate for a better customer experience. In addition, customers are moving to automated provisioning systems that enable them to more easily purchase, upgrade or add new features, application and content. As a result, we believe customers are looking for ways to offer new communications services more rapidly and efficiently to existing and new customers. Increased competition and demand for superior subscriber experience have placed significant pressure on our customers to improve customer-centric processes. CSPs are increasingly turning to transaction-based, cost effective, scalable and automated third-party solutions that can offer guaranteed levels of service delivery.

 

Growth in On-Demand Delivery Model: Our on-demand business model enables delivery of our proprietary solutions over the Internet as a service. As such, customers do not have to make large and potentially risky upfront investments in software, additional hardware, extensive implementation services and additional IT staff.

 

Services, Networks and Device Complexity:  The wireless industry is changing. CSPs are moving away from unlimited data plans, networks are becoming multi-layered with varying levels of complexity and devices are becoming more feature rich and capable, driving bandwidth consuming traffic over the networks. We believe all of these require CSPs and OEMs to be more creative in the services they offer, requiring an increased need for automation in device integration, certification and activation. This will require complex policy based device and network management. Certain functions of our platforms can help address these needs.

 

 Our Growth Strategy

 

Our growth strategy is to establish our platforms as the de-facto industry standard for CSPs, MSOs, OEMs, and multi-channel retailers while investing in logical extensions of our product and services portfolio. We will continue to focus our technology and development efforts around improving functionality, helping customers drive higher ARPU and subscriber retention, embracing alternative channels and allowing more capabilities for ordering bundled applications and content offerings across these same complex and advanced networks.

 

Key elements of this strategy are:

 

Expand our Product Portfolio to Communication Service Providers.  Given the explosive growth of connected mobile broadband devices and the increasing need to backup, restore and share content across those devices, our objective is to play a vital role in monetizing those devices with our connect-sync-activate strategy.  Methods of monetization may include licenses per device, maintenance fees, professional service fees, active user fees as well as data storage fees.  The acquisition of Newbay Software, Limited and VoxMobili Limited has enabled us to expand the functionality of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud platform and improve the scalability of the existing NewBay and VoxMobili platforms to offer a more robust solution to our customers.  Once our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solution deployment reaches critical mass, we believe we will be able to integrate the solution with other potential revenue generating offers from service providers and other customers.

 

Expanding into Enterprise Cloud.  Following up on the success of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud offering, we have also leveraged that platform to support the increased need for cloud-based document sharing and collaboration needs in the Small and Medium Business (SMB) area. SMB’s rely heavily on CSP’s for support of new trends, such as Bring Your Own Technology (BYOT/BYOD). Our Synchronoss WorkSpace offering is ideally suited for such solutions, as it assures an IT manager that employees can enhance productivity by using their own mobile devices, while complying with security and other IT policies.

 

Expand Into New Geographic Markets.  Although the majority of our revenue has traditionally been generated in North America, we continue to expand globally. Today, we have several instances of our platforms deployed in Europe and new customer engagements with a variety of carriers, such as Vodafone to support their customers. In addition, our various acquisitions, including those of VoxMobili and Clarity in 2014 have helped expand our operations and customer engagements in Europe and the Asia-Pacific region.  We believe that the growth of connected devices will further drive opportunities to penetrate new geographic markets within the coming years. The Asia/Pacific and Latin America regions are of particular interest, as these markets experience similar trends to those that have driven growth in North America and Europe.

 

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Expand through Strategic Partnerships or Acquisitions.  We are in the process of integrating our various acquisitions and we will continue to assimilate the synergies and efficiencies that these acquisitions may afford us. As we explore new opportunities, we continue to look for strategic partnership or acquisition candidates that may enable us to enter new markets or enhance our offerings.

 

Broaden Customer Base and Expand Offering to Existing Customers.  As our existing customers continue to expand into new distribution channels, such as the rapidly growing e-commerce channels, they will likely need to support new types of transactions that are managed by our platforms. In addition, we believe our customers will require new transaction management solutions as they expand their subscriber customer base, which will provide us with opportunities to drive increasing amounts of volume over our platforms. Many customers purchase multiple services from us, and we believe we are well positioned to cross-sell additional services to customers who do not currently purchase our full services portfolio. The expansion of our relationship with AT&T, Vodafone, Verizon and other customers highlight further penetration of existing customers as well as the development of a major growth initiative in consumer digital convergence.

 

Expand into Emerging Devices and Internet of Things Space.  Various forecasts from industry leading sources have cited explosive growth in the non-traditional connected devices space. Such devices include connected cars, connected homes, health and wellness and health care domains. We plan on expanding both our activation platforms (focused on the new activation needs emerging from such devices on the service provider networks) as well as our cloud platforms (focused on storing data from the varying devices to be stored securely in the Cloud) in an effort to capitalize on the growth emerging from these new opportunities.

 

Maintain Technology Leadership.  We strive to continue to build upon our technology leadership by continuing to invest in research and development to increase the automation of processes and workflows and develop complementary product modules that leverage our platforms and competitive strengths, thus driving increased interest by making it more economical for customers to use us as a third-party solutions provider. In addition, we believe our close relationships with our Tier 1 customers will continue to provide us with valuable insights into the dynamics that are creating demand for next-generation solutions.

 

Leverage and Enforce our Intellectual Property.  We have a significant repository of granted and filed IP, and we expect to use this as a differentiator of our products and services in the marketplace.

 

Customers

 

Our industry-leading customers include Tier 1 mobile service providers such as AT&T Inc., Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Orange, Sprint, Telstra and U.S. Cellular, Tier 1 cable operators/MSOs and wireline operators like AT&T Inc., Comcast, Cablevision, Charter, CenturyLink, Mediacom and Level 3 Communications, and large OEMs such as Apple and Ericsson.  These customers utilize our platforms, technology and services to service both consumer and business customers.

 

 We maintain strong and collaborative relationships with our customers, which we believe to be one of our core competencies and critical to our success. We are generally the only provider of the services we offer to our customers. Contracts extend up to 60 months from execution and include minimum transaction or revenue commitments from our customers. All of our significant customers may terminate their contracts for convenience upon written notice and in many cases payment of contractual penalties. Contract penalties received by us were immaterial to our Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2014,  2013, and 2012.

 

Each of AT&T and Verizon Wireless accounted for more than 10% of our revenues for the years ended 2014,  2013 and 2012. AT&T and Verizon Wireless in the aggregate accounted for 73%,  66% and 67% of net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012, respectively. The loss of either AT&T or Verizon as a customer would have a material negative impact on our company. We believe that if either AT&T or Verizon terminated their relationships with us, AT&T and Verizon would encounter substantial costs in replacing Synchronoss' solutions.

 

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Sales and Marketing

 

Sales

 

We market and sell our services primarily through a direct sales force and through our strategic partners. To date, we have concentrated our sales efforts on a range of CSPs, OEMs, and multi-channel retailers both domestically and internationally. Typically our sales process involves an initial consultative process that allows our customers to better assess the operating and capital expenditure benefits associated with an optimal activation, provisioning, and cloud-based content management architecture. Our sales teams are well trained in our Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal Cloud, Synchronoss Workspace and Integrated Life platforms and on the market trends and conditions that our current and potential customers are facing. This enables them to easily identify and qualify opportunities that are appropriate for our platforms deployments to benefit these customers. Following each sale, we assign account managers to provide ongoing support and to identify additional sales opportunities.  We generate leads from contacts made through trade-shows, seminars, conferences, events, market research, our Web site, customers, strategic partners and our ongoing public relations program.

 

Marketing

 

We focus our marketing efforts on supporting new product initiatives, creating awareness of our services and generating new sales opportunities. We base our product management strategy on analysis of market requirements, customer needs, industry direction, competitive offerings and projected customer cost savings and revenue opportunities. Our team is active in numerous technology and industry forums and regularly gets invited to speak at tradeshows such as the Consumer Electronics Show (CES), Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association (CTIA), GSM Association (Mobile World Congress), Mobile Future Forward Series, Wireless Influencers Forum, and National Cable & Telecommunications Association (NCTA), in which we also demonstrate our solutions. In addition, through our product marketing and marketing communications functions, we also have an active public relations program and maintain relationships with recognized trade media and industry analysts such as ABI Research, International Data Corporation (IDC), Gartner Inc., Forrester Research, Inc., Ovum, Frost & Sullivan and Yankee Group. We also manage and maintain our Web site, blog, social media profiles on LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook, utilize search engine optimization (SEO) and search engine marketing (SEM), publish product related content and educational white papers, videos and conduct seminars and user group meetings. Finally, we also actively sponsor technology-related conferences and demonstrate our solutions at trade-shows targeted at providers of communications services.

 

Operations and Technology

 

We leverage common proprietary information technology platforms to deliver carrier grade services to our customers across communication and digital convergence market segments. Constructed using a combination of internally developed and licensed technologies, our platforms integrate our order management, gateway, workflow, cloud-based content management, and reporting into a unified system. The platforms are secure foundations on which to build and offer additional services and maximize performance, scalability and reliability.

 

Exception Handling Services

 

We differentiate our services from both the internal and competitive offerings by handling exceptions through our technology and human touch solutions, a substantial portion of which are provided by third-party vendors. Our business process engineers optimize each workflow; however, there are exceptions and we handle these with the goal of ensuring the highest quality customer experience at the lowest cost. Our exception handling services deal with the customer communication touch points including provisioning orders, inbound calls, automated interactive voice responses (e.g., order status, address changes), Web forums, inbound and outbound email, proactive outbound calls (e.g., out of stock, backorders, exceptions) and self-correct order tools. These services are continuously reviewed for improved workflow and automation. We use third-party vendors in providing exception handling services, each of whom provide services under automatically renewable contracts. We believe our unique exception handling services help reduce the cost of each transaction by driving more automation, over time, into a better and more cost effective way to manage our customers' subscriber experiences.

 

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Locations

 

Our locations are distributed across various time zones in the United States, Asia and Europe to help us serve our customers in a timely manner. We believe these diverse locations afford us access to key talent in all major markets in the U.S. and around the globe.

 

Data Center Facilities

 

We own and maintain data center facilities in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Bangalore, India, and Tucson, Arizona. These facilities are currently expected to support our growth objectives. These secure facilities house all customer-facing, production, test and development systems that are the backbone of the services delivered to our customers. The facilities and systems are monitored 7 days a week, 24 hours a day, and are protected via multiple layers of physical and electronic security measures. In addition, a redundant power supply ensures constant, regulated power into the managed data facility and a backup generator system provides power indefinitely to the facility in the event of a utility power failure. All systems in the managed data facility are monitored for availability and performance using industry standard tools. We also host equipment in data center colocation facilities with Terremark Inc., VCHS, Saavis, Rackspace, and several other third parties, which enables us to offer geographically diversified hosting and storage for our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solutions.

 

Network

 

We use AT&T, Verizon, Level 3 and Sprint to provide a managed, fully-redundant network solution at each of our data center facilities to deliver enterprise scale services to customers. Wide Area Network connectivity between our locations is achieved via redundant Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) circuits and Internet access to selected locations via multiple dedicated circuits. A dedicated Metro Ethernet solution is utilized to provide a data center backbone connection between our primary data center facility in Bethlehem and our primary disaster recovery site, should the need arise.

 

Disaster Recovery Facility

 

We operate disaster recovery solutions in our Tucson, Arizona and in our colocation facilities that are used to provide hot sites for real time data backup and disaster recovery purposes.

 

Customer Support

 

Our Customer Service Center (CSC) acts as an initial point of contact for all customer-related issues and requests. The CSC staff is available 7 days a week via phone, email or pager to facilitate the diagnosis and resolution of application and service-related issues with which they are presented. Issues that require further investigation are immediately escalated to our product and infrastructure support teams on behalf of the customer as part of our continuing effort to provide the greatest speed of problem resolution and highest levels of customer service.

 

Competition

 

Competition in our markets is intense and includes rapidly-changing technologies and customer requirements, as well as evolving industry standards and frequent product introductions. We compete primarily on the basis of the breadth of our domain expertise, our proprietary exception handling, and the breadth of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud content synchronization and sharing capabilities, as well as on the basis of price, time-to-market, functionality, quality and breadth of product and service offerings. We believe the most important factors making us a strong competitor include:

 

·

Breadth and depth of our transaction and content management solutions, including our exception handling technology

·

Carrier grade nature and scalability of our solutions

·

Quality and performance of our products

·

High-quality customer service

·

Ability to implement and integrate solutions

·

Overall value of our platforms

·

References of our customers

 

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We are aware of other software developers and smaller entrepreneurial companies that are focusing significant resources on developing and marketing products and services that will compete with our platforms. We anticipate continued growth in the communications industry and the entrance of new competitors in the order processing and transaction management solutions market and expect that the market for our products and services will remain intensely competitive.

 

Government Regulation

 

We are not currently subject to any federal, state or local government regulation, other than regulations that apply to businesses generally. Many of our customers are subject to regulation by the Federal Communications Commission, or FCC. Changes in FCC regulations that affect our existing or potential customers could lead them to spend less on transaction management solutions, which would reduce our revenues and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.  We also comply with industry required regulations, such as PCI compliance and all of our employees have completed the required compliance education.

 

Intellectual Property

 

To establish and protect our intellectual property, we rely on a combination of copyright, trade secret, patent and trademark rights, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual restrictions. Synchronoss®, the Synchronoss® logo, PerformancePartner®, ConvergenceNow® and ActivationNow® are registered trademarks of Synchronoss. In addition, we regularly file patent applications to protect inventions arising from our research and development, and have obtained and filed applications for over 100 patents in the United States and other countries. No single patent is solely responsible for protecting our products or services. In addition to legal protections, we rely on the technical and creative skills of our employees, deep technical integration with our customer’s networks and back office systems, frequent product enhancements and improved product quality to maintain a technology-leadership position. We maintain a program to protect our investment in technology by attempting to ensure respect for our intellectual property rights.  We cannot be certain that others will not develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technology. We enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and confidentiality agreements with our alliance partners and customers, and we control access to and distribution of our software, documentation and other proprietary information.

 

Employees

 

We believe that our recent growth and success is attributable in large part to our employees and an experienced management team, many members of which have years of industry experience in building, implementing, marketing and selling transaction management solutions critical to business operations. We intend to continue training our employees as well as developing and promoting our culture and believe such efforts provide us with a sustainable competitive advantage. We offer a work environment that enables employees to make meaningful contributions, as well as incentive programs to continue to motivate and reward our employees.

 

 As of December 31, 2014, we had 1,804 full‑time employees. None of our employees are covered by any collective bargaining agreements.

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Executive Officers of the Registrant

The following sets forth certain information regarding our Executive Officers as of February 25, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name

    

Age

    

Position

 

Stephen G. Waldis

 

47 

 

Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer

 

Robert Garcia

 

46 

 

President and Chief Operating Officer

 

Karen L. Rosenberger

 

49 

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

Ronald J. Prague

 

51 

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Legal Officer, General Counsel & Secretary

 

Nicholas Lazzaro

 

45 

 

Executive Vice President of Product Development

 

Mark Mendes

 

52 

 

Executive Vice President of North America

 

Patrick J. Doran

 

41 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer

 

Daniel Rizer

 

51 

 

Executive Vice President of Business Development and Product Management

 

Chris Halbard

 

48 

 

Executive Vice President, International

 

David Berry

 

49 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer

 

Paula J. Hilbert

 

59 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

 


 

Stephen G. Waldis has served as Chief Executive Officer of Synchronoss since founding the Company in 2000 and has served as Chairman of the Board of Directors since 2001.  From 2000 until 2011 Mr. Waldis also served as President of Synchronoss.  Before founding Synchronoss, from 1994 to 2000, Mr. Waldis served as Chief Operating Officer at Vertek Corporation, a privately held professional services company serving the telecommunications industry. From 1992 to 1994, Mr. Waldis served as Vice President of Sales and Marketing of Logical Design Solutions, a provider of telecom and interactive solutions. From 1989 to 1992, Mr. Waldis worked in various technical and product management roles at AT&T. Mr. Waldis received a degree in corporate communications from Seton Hall University.

 

Robert Garcia has served as President of Synchronoss since December 2011 and Chief Operating Officer since 2007. Prior to that position, Mr. Garcia served in various positions at Synchronoss, including Executive Vice President of Operations and Service Delivery and General Manager of Synchronoss’ western office since joining Synchronoss in August 2000. Before joining Synchronoss, Mr. Garcia was a Senior Business Consultant with Vertek Corporation from January 1999 to August 2000. Mr. Garcia has also held senior management positions with Philips Lighting Company and Johnson & Johnson Company. Mr. Garcia received a degree in logistics and economics from St. John’s University in New York.

 

Karen L. Rosenberger has served as Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer since April 2014.  Prior to that position, Ms. Rosenberger served in various positions at Synchronoss since joining Synchronoss in 2000, most recently as Senior Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer.  Before joining Synchronoss, Ms. Rosenberger held various management positions with Medical Broadcasting Company and CoreTech Consulting Group.  Ms. Rosenberger received a degree in accounting from Cedar Crest College and a Master of Business Administration from Saint Joseph’s University.  Ms. Rosenberger is a certified public accountant and a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the New Jersey Society of Certified Public Accountants.

 

Ronald J. Prague has served as Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Legal Officer and Secretary since joining Synchronoss in 2006. Before joining Synchronoss, Mr. Prague held various senior positions with Intel Corporation from 1998 to 2006, including as Group Counsel for Intel's Communications Infrastructure Group.  Prior to joining Intel, Mr. Prague practiced law with the law firms of Haythe & Curley (now Torys LLP) and Richards & O'Neil (now Morgan Lewis). Mr. Prague is a graduate of Northwestern University School of Law and earned a degree in business administration and marketing from Cornell University.

 

Nicholas Lazzaro joined Synchronoss in May 2013 and serves as Executive Vice President Strategy and Product Development. Prior to joining Synchronoss, from 2009 to May 2013, Mr. Lazzaro held several roles at Vonage System, Inc. and last served as Senior Vice President, Product Development, Information Technology and General Manager of Mobile Services at Vonage System, Inc. He held various positions at Amdocs, Inc. from 2001 to 2009 and served as Division President from 2009-2009. Prior to Amdocs he held positions with SBC, Ernst and Young and Iridium LLC. Mr. Lazzaro received a degree in Finance from the State University of New York, Buffalo.

 

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Mark Mendes has served as Executive Vice President of North America since February 2014, prior to that position, Mr. Mendes held various senior positions since he joined Synchronoss in 2008 in connection with Synchronoss’ acquisition of Wisor Telecom Corp., where Mr. Mendes was Chief Executive Officer since 2001. Prior to joining Wisor, from 1997 to 2001, Mr. Mendes was Chief Operating Officer and Chief Technology Officer of NET2000 Communications, Inc. Mr. Mendes received an Engineering degree and MBA Finance/MIS from Syracuse University.

 

Patrick J. Doran has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer since 2007. Prior to that position, Mr. Doran served in various positions, including Chief Architect and Senior Software Engineer, since joining Synchronoss in 2002. Before joining Synchronoss, Mr. Doran was a Senior Development Engineer at Agility Communications from 2000 to 2002 and a Member of Technical staff at AT&T/Lucent from 1996 to 2000. Mr. Doran received a degree in Computer and Systems engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a Master Degree in Industrial Engineering from Purdue University. 

 

Daniel Rizer has served as Executive Vice President of Business Development and Product Management since January 2014.  Prior to that position, Mr. Rizer was Executive Vice President of Business Development since joining Synchronoss in 2008. Before joining Synchronoss, Mr. Rizer was the Chief Operating Officer for Motricity from 2005 to 2008. Mr. Rizer has also held senior positions with IBM and Accenture. Mr. Rizer received his Bachelor of Science in Operations Management from Auburn University, and graduated with a Master of Science in Management Information Systems from Boston University.

 

Chris Halbard has served as Executive Vice President, International since joining Synchronoss in February 2014. Prior to joining Synchronoss, Mr. Halbard was a Senior Advisor to The Boston Consulting Group serving clients within the technology, media and telecommunications industries. Previously, he was the COO and CFO of the Global Services division of British Telecom plc (BT). Prior to British Telecom, Mr. Halbard held a number of senior positions at Lucent Technologies, AT&T and Arthur Andersen & Co. Mr. Halbard is a qualified Chartered Accountant and received his BA HONS in Economics and Business Studies from The University of Sheffield.

 

David E. Berry has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer of Synchronoss since 2012. Mr. Berry previously was Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of Synchronoss from 2000 to 2006. Between 2006 and re-joining the Company, Mr. Berry worked as: an independent consultant; a CTO of a healthcare startup; and a CIO of a digital signage company. Mr. Berry received a Master of Arts in Corporate and Public Communication from Seton Hall University and a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics and Computer Science from Fairfield University.

 

Paula J. Hilbert has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer since January 2013.  Prior to that position, Ms. Hilbert served as Executive Vice President of Global Operations and Chief Service Officer since she joined Synchronoss in 2010. Before joining Synchronoss, Ms. Hilbert was an independent consultant from 2008 to 2010. Prior to that position, Ms. Hilbert served as a Managing Director/Global Client Service and Offshore Operations at JP Morgan Chase Treasury and Securities Services from 2003 to 2008. Prior to JP Morgan Chase, Ms. Hilbert held senior positions at AT&T from 1979 to 2003, including Vice President — Customer Relationship Management. Ms. Hilbert holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration from Clarion University.

 

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ITEM 1A. 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. The following are certain risk factors that could affect our business, financial results and results of operations. You should carefully consider the following risk factors in connection with evaluating the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K because these factors could cause the actual results and conditions to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements. The risks that we have highlighted here are not the only ones that we face. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operation could be negatively affected. In that case, the trading price of our stock could decline, and our stockholders may lose part or all of their investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

 

We have substantial customer concentration, with a limited number of customers accounting for a substantial portion of our 2014 revenues.

 

Each of AT&T and Verizon Wireless accounted for more than 10% of our revenues for each of 2014 and 2013.  AT&T and Verizon Wireless in the aggregate accounted for 73% and 66% of net revenues for 2014 and 2013, respectively. There are inherent risks whenever a large percentage of total revenues are concentrated with a limited number of customers. It is not possible for us to predict the future level of demand for our services that will be generated by these customers or the future demand for the products and services of these customers in the end-user marketplace. In addition, revenues from these larger customers may fluctuate from time to time based on the commencement and completion of projects, the timing of which may be affected by market conditions or other facts, some of which may be outside of our control. Further, some of our contracts with these larger customers permit them to terminate our services at any time (subject to notice and certain other provisions). If any of our major customers experience declining or delayed sales due to market, economic or competitive conditions, we could be pressured to reduce the prices we charge for our services or we could lose the customer. Any such development could have an adverse effect on our margins and financial position, and would negatively affect our revenues and results of operations and/or trading price of our common stock.

 

The communications industry is highly competitive, and if we do not adapt to rapid technological change, we could lose customers or market share.

 

Our industry is characterized by rapid technological change and frequent new service offerings and is highly competitive with respect to the need for innovation. Significant technological changes could make our technology and services obsolete, less marketable or less competitive. We must adapt to our rapidly changing market by continually improving the features, functionality, reliability and responsiveness of our transaction and content management services, and by developing new features, services and applications to meet changing customer needs. Our ability to take advantage of opportunities in the market may require us to invest in development and incur other expenses well in advance of our ability to generate revenues from these offerings or services. We may not be able to adapt to these challenges or respond successfully or in a cost-effective way. Our failure to do so would adversely affect our ability to compete and retain customers and/or market share. Further, we may experience delays in the development of one or more features of our offerings, which could materially reduce the potential benefits to us providing these services. In addition, our present or future service offerings may not satisfy the evolving needs of the industry in which we operate. If we are unable to anticipate or respond adequately to such needs, due to resource, technological or other constraints, our business and results of operations could be harmed.

 

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The success of our business depends on our ability to achieve or sustain market acceptance of our services and solutions at desired pricing levels.

 

Our competitors and customers may cause us to reduce the prices we charge for our services and solutions. Our current or future competitors may offer our customers services at reduced prices or bundling and pricing services in a manner that may make it difficult for us to compete, customers with a significant volume of transactions may attempt to use this leverage in pricing negotiations with us. Also if our prices are too high, current or potential customers may find it economically advantageous to handle certain functions internally instead of using our services. We may not be able to offset the effects of any price reductions by increasing the number of transactions we handle or the number of customers we serve, by generating higher revenue from enhanced services or by reducing our costs. If these or other sources of pricing pressure cause us to reduce the pricing of our service or solutions below desired levels, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

The success of our business depends on the continued growth of consumer and business transactions related to communications services on the Internet.

 

The future success of our business depends upon the continued growth of consumer and business transactions on the Internet, including attracting consumers who have historically purchased wireless services and devices through traditional retail stores. Specific factors that could deter consumers from purchasing wireless services and devices on the Internet include concerns about buying wireless devices without a face-to-face interaction with sales personnel and the ability to physically handle and examine the devices.

 

Our business growth would be impeded if the performance or perception of the Internet was harmed by security problems such as "viruses," "worms" or other malicious programs, reliability issues arising from outages and damage to Internet infrastructure, delays in development or adoption of new standards and protocols to handle increased demands of Internet activity, increased costs, decreased accessibility and quality of service, or increased government regulation and taxation of Internet activity. The Internet has experienced, and is expected to continue to experience, significant user and traffic growth, which has, at times, caused user frustration with slow access and download times. If Internet activity grows faster than Internet infrastructure or if the Internet infrastructure is otherwise unable to support the demands placed on it, or if hosting capacity becomes scarce, the growth of our business may be adversely affected.

 

The success of our business depends on the continued growth in demand for connected devices.

 

The future success of our business depends upon the continued growth in demand for connected devices. While we believe the market for connected devices will continue to grow for the foreseeable future, we cannot accurately predict the extent to which demand for connected devices will increase, if at all. If the demand for connected devices were to stabilize or decline, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

Our cloud strategy, including our Synchronoss Personal Cloud, Synchronoss WorkSpace and Integrated Life offerings, may not be successful.

 

Our cloud strategy, including our Synchronoss Personal Cloud, Synchronoss WorkSpace™ and Integrated Life offerings, may not be successful. We offer customers the ability to offer their subscribers the ability to backup, restore and share content across multiple devices through a cloud-based environment in the Cloud. The success of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud and Synchronoss WorkSpace offerings is dependent upon continued acceptance by and growth in subscribers of cloud-based services in general and there can be no guarantee of the adoption rate by these subscribers. In addition to this, the success of our Integrated Life offering is dependent upon the uptake of non-traditional connected devices by consumers and its general growth in the industry. Our cloud strategy will continue to evolve and we may not be able to compete effectively, generate significant revenues or maintain profitability. While we believe our expertise, investments in infrastructure, and the breadth of our cloud-based services provides us with a strong foundation to compete, it is uncertain whether our strategies will attract the users or generate the revenue required to be successful. In addition to software development costs, we are incurring costs to build and maintain infrastructure to support cloud-based services. Whether we are successful in our cloud strategy depends on our execution in a number of areas, which may or may not be within our control, including continuing to innovate and bring to market compelling cloud-based offerings, continued growth and demand for cloud-based offerings, maintaining the utility, compatibility, and performance of our cloud-based services on the growing array of devices, including smartphones, handheld computers, netbooks and tablets, and ensuring that our cloud-based services meet the reliability expectations of our customers and maintain the security of their data.

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Our revenue, earnings and profitability are affected by the length of our sales cycle, and a longer sales cycle could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our business is directly affected by the length of our sales cycle. Our customers' businesses are relatively complex and their purchase of the types of services that we offer generally involve a significant financial commitment, with attendant delays frequently associated with large financial commitments and procurement procedures within an organization. The purchase of the types of services that we offer typically also requires coordination and agreement across many departments within a potential customer's organization. Delays associated with such timing factors could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. In periods of economic slowdown our typical sales cycle lengthens, which means that the average time between our initial contact with a prospective customer and the signing of a sales contract increases. The lengthening of our sales cycle could reduce growth in our revenue. In addition, the lengthening of our sales cycle contributes to an increased cost of sales, thereby reducing our profitability.

 

If we do not meet our revenue forecasts, we may be unable to reduce our expenses to avoid or minimize harm to our results of operations.

 

Our revenues are difficult to forecast and are likely to fluctuate significantly from period to period. We base our operating expense and capital investment budgets on expected sales and revenue trends, and many of our expenses, such as office and equipment leases and personnel costs, will be relatively fixed in the short term and will increase over time as we make investments in our business. Our estimates of sales trends may not correlate with actual revenues in a particular quarter or over a longer period of time. Variations in the rate and timing of conversion of our sales prospects into actual revenues could cause us to plan or budget inaccurately and those variations could adversely affect our financial results. In particular, delays, reductions in amount or cancellation of customers' contracts would adversely affect the overall level and timing of our revenues, and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be harmed. Due to the relatively fixed nature of many of our expenses, we may be unable to adjust spending quickly enough to offset any unexpected revenue shortfall. In the course of our sales to customers, we may encounter difficulty collecting accounts receivable and could be exposed to risks associated with uncollectible accounts receivable. In the event we are unable to collect on our accounts receivable, it could negatively affect our cash flows, operating results and business.

 

Compromises to our privacy safeguards or disclosure of confidential information could impact our reputation.

 

Names, addresses, telephone numbers, credit card data and other personal identification information ("PII") is collected, processed and stored in our systems. Our treatment of such information is subject to contractual restrictions and federal, state and foreign data privacy laws and regulations. We have implemented steps designed to protect against unauthorized access to such information, and comply with these laws and regulations. Because of the inherent risks and complexities involved in protecting this information, the steps we have taken to protect PII may not be sufficient to prevent the misappropriation or improper disclosure of such PII. If such misappropriation or disclosure were to occur, our business could be harmed through reputational injury, litigation and possible damages claimed by the affected end customers, including in some cases costs related to customer notification and fraud monitoring, or potential fines from regulatory authorities. We may need to incur significant costs or modify our business practices and/or our services in order to comply with these data privacy and protection laws and regulations in the future. Even the mere perception of a security breach or inadvertent disclosure of PII could adversely affect our business and results of operations. In addition, third party vendors that we engage to perform services for us may unintentionally release PII or otherwise fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations. Our insurance may not cover potential claims of this type or may not be adequate to cover all costs incurred in defense of potential claims or to indemnify us for all liability that may be imposed. Concerns about the security of online transactions and the privacy of PII could deter consumers from transacting business with us on the Internet. The occurrence of any of these events could have an adverse effect on our business, financial position, and results of operations.

 

If the wireless services industry experiences a decline in subscribers, our business may suffer.

 

The wireless services industry has faced an increasing number of challenges, including a slowdown in new subscriber growth. Revenues from services performed for customers in the wireless services industry accounted for 60% and 48% of our revenues in 2014 and 2013, respectively. A continued slowdown in subscriber growth in the wireless services industry could adversely affect our business growth.

 

16


 

Fraudulent Internet transactions could negatively impact our business.

 

Our business may be exposed to risks associated with Internet credit card fraud and identity theft that could cause us to incur unexpected expenditures and loss of revenues. Under current credit card practices, a merchant is liable for fraudulent credit card transactions when, as is the case with the transactions we process, that merchant does not obtain a cardholder's signature. Although our customers currently bear the risk for a fraudulent credit card transaction, in the future we may be forced to share some of that risk and the associated costs with our customers. To the extent that technology upgrades or other expenditures are required to prevent credit card fraud and identity theft, we may be required to bear the costs associated with such expenditures. In addition, to the extent that credit card fraud and/or identity theft cause a decline in business transactions over the Internet generally, both the business of our customers and our business could be adversely affected.

 

The consolidation in the communications industry can reduce the number of actual and potential customers and adversely affect our business.

 

The communications industry continues to experience consolidation and an increased formation of alliances among CSPs and between CSPs and other entities. Should one or more of our significant customers consolidate or enter into an alliance with an entity or decide to either use a different service provider or to manage its transactions internally, this could have a negative material impact on our business. Any such consolidations, alliances or decisions to manage transactions internally may cause us to lose customers or require us to reduce prices as a result of enhanced customer leverage, which would have a material adverse effect on our business. We may not be able to offset the effects of any price reductions. We may not be able to expand our customer base to make up any revenue declines if we lose customers or if our transaction volumes decline.

 

If we fail to compete successfully with existing or new competitors, our business could be harmed.

 

If we fail to compete successfully with established or new competitors, it could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. The communications industry is highly competitive and fragmented, and we expect competition to increase. We compete with independent providers of information systems and services and with the in-house departments of our OEMs and communications services companies' customers. Rapid technological changes, such as advancements in software integration across multiple and incompatible systems, and economies of scale may make it more economical for CSPs, MSOs or OEMs to develop their own in-house processes and systems, which may render some of our products and services less valuable or eventually obsolete. Our competitors include firms that provide comprehensive information systems and managed services solutions, systems integrators, clearinghouses and service bureaus. Many of our competitors have long operating histories, large customer bases, substantial financial, technical, sales, marketing and other resources and strong name recognition.

 

Current and potential competitors have established, and may establish in the future, cooperative relationships among themselves or with third parties to increase their ability to address the needs of our current or prospective customers. In addition, our competitors have acquired, and may continue to acquire in the future, companies that may enhance their market offerings. Accordingly, new competitors or alliances among competitors may emerge and rapidly acquire significant market share. As a result, our competitors may be able to adapt more quickly than us to new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements, and may be able to devote greater resources to the promotion and sale of their products. These relationships and alliances may also result in transaction pricing pressure which could result in large reductions in the selling prices of our products and services. Our competitors or our customers' in-house solutions may also provide services at a lower cost, significantly increasing pricing pressure on us. We may not be able to offset the effects of this potential pricing pressure. Our failure to adapt to changing market conditions and to compete successfully with established or new competitors may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. In particular, a failure to offset competitive pressures brought about by competitors or in-house solutions developed by our customers could result in a substantial reduction in or the outright termination of our contracts with some of our customers, which would have a significant, negative and material impact on our business.

 

17


 

Failures or interruptions of our systems and services could materially harm our revenues, impair our ability to conduct our operations and damage relationships with our customers.

 

Our success depends on our ability to provide reliable services to our customers and process a high volume of transactions in a timely and effective manner. Although we operate disaster recovery solutions in our Tucson, Arizona and in our colocation facilities that are used to provide hot sites for real time data backup and disaster recovery purposes, our network operations are currently located in a single facility in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania that is susceptible to damage or interruption from human error, fire, flood, power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks and similar events. We could also experience failures or interruptions of our systems and services, or other problems in connection with our operations, as a result of, among other things:

 

·

damage to or failure of our computer software or hardware or our connections and outsourced service arrangements with third parties;

·

errors in the processing of data by our systems;

·

computer viruses or software defects;

·

physical or electronic break-ins, sabotage, intentional acts of vandalism and similar events;

·

fire, cyber-attack, terrorist attack or other catastrophic event;

·

increased capacity demands or changes in systems requirements of our customers; or

·

errors by our employees or third-party service providers.

 

 

We have acquired a number of companies, products, services and technologies over the last several years. While we make significant efforts to address any IT security issues with respect to our acquisitions, we may still inherit certain risks when we integrate these acquisitions.  In addition, our business interruption insurance may be insufficient to compensate us for losses or liabilities that may occur. Any interruptions in our systems or services could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations.

 

If we fail to meet our service level obligations under our service level agreements, we would be subject to penalties and could lose customers.

 

We have service level agreements with many of our customers under which we guarantee specified levels of service availability. These arrangements involve the risk that we may not have adequately estimated the level of service we will in fact be able to provide. If we fail to meet our service level obligations under these agreements, we would be subject to penalties, which could result in higher than expected costs, decreased revenues and decreased operating margins. We could also lose customers.

 

Economic, political and market conditions can adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our business is influenced by a range of factors that are beyond our control and that we have no comparative advantage in forecasting.  These include but are not limited to general economic and business conditions, the overall demand for cloud-based products and services, general political developments and currency exchange rate fluctuations.  Economic uncertainty may exacerbate negative trends in consumer spending and may negatively impact the businesses of certain of our customers, which may cause a reduction in their use of our platforms or increase their likelihood of defaulting on their payment obligations, and therefore cause a reduction in our revenues.  These conditions and uncertainty about future economic conditions may make it challenging for us to forecast our operating results, make business decisions and identify the risks that may affect our business, financial conditions and results of operations.  In addition, changes in these conditions may result in a more competitive environment, resulting in possible pricing pressures.

 

The financial and operating difficulties in the telecommunications sector may negatively affect our customers and our company.

 

The telecommunications sector has at times faced significant challenges resulting from significant changes in technology and consumer behavior, excess capacity, poor operating results and financing difficulties. The sector's financial status has also at times been uncertain and access to debt and equity capital has been seriously limited. The impact of these events on us could include slower collection on accounts receivable, higher bad debt expense, uncertainties due to possible customer bankruptcies, lower pricing on new customer contracts, lower revenues due to lower usage by the end customer and possible consolidation among our customers, which will put our customers and operating performance at risk. In addition, because we operate in the communications sector, we may also be negatively impacted by limited access to debt and equity capital.

18


 

 

We are exposed to our customers' credit risk.

 

We are subject to the credit risk of our customers and customers with liquidity issues may lead to bad debt expense for us. Most of our sales are on an open credit basis, with typical payment terms between 45 and 60 days in the United States and, because of local customs or conditions, longer payment terms in some markets outside the United States. We use various methods to screen potential customers and establish appropriate credit limits, but these methods cannot eliminate all potential bad credit risks and may not prevent us from approving applications that are fraudulently completed. Moreover, businesses that are good credit risks at the time of application may become bad credit risks over time and we may fail to detect this change. We maintain reserves we believe are adequate to cover exposure for doubtful accounts. If we fail to adequately assess and monitor our credit risks, we could experience longer payment cycles, increased collection costs and higher bad debt expense. A decrease in accounts receivable resulting from an increase in bad debt expense could adversely affect our liquidity. Our exposure to credit risks may increase if our customers are adversely affected by a difficult macroeconomic environment, or if there is a continuation or worsening of the economic environment. Although we have programs in place that are designed to monitor and mitigate the associated risk, including monitoring of particular risks in certain geographic areas, there can be no assurance that such programs will be effective in reducing our credit risks or the incurrence of additional losses. Future and additional losses, if incurred, could harm our business and have a material adverse effect on our business operating results and financial condition. Additionally, to the degree that the current or future credit markets makes it more difficult for some customers to obtain financing, those customers' ability to pay could be adversely impacted, which in turn could have a material adverse impact on our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

Our reliance on third-party providers for communications software, services, hardware and infrastructure exposes us to a variety of risks we cannot control.

 

Our success depends on software, equipment, network connectivity and infrastructure hosting services supplied by our vendors and customers. In addition, we rely on third-party vendors to perform a substantial portion of our exception handling services. We may not be able to continue to purchase the necessary software, equipment and services from vendors on acceptable terms or at all. If we are unable to maintain current purchasing terms or ensure service availability with these vendors and customers, we may lose customers and experience an increase in costs in seeking alternative supplier services.

 

Our business also depends upon the capacity, reliability and security of the infrastructure owned and managed by third parties, including our vendors and customers that are used by our technology interoperability services, network services, number portability services, call processed services and enterprise solutions. We have no control over the operation, quality or maintenance of a significant portion of that infrastructure and whether those third parties will upgrade or improve their software, equipment and services to meet our and our customers' evolving requirements. We depend on these companies to maintain the operational integrity of our services. If one or more of these companies is unable or unwilling to supply or expand its levels of services to us in the future, our operations could be severely interrupted. In addition, rapid changes in the communications industry have led to industry consolidation. This consolidation may cause the availability, pricing and quality of the services we use to vary and could lengthen the amount of time it takes to deliver the services that we use.

 

Our failure to protect confidential information and our network against security breaches could damage our reputation and substantially harm our business and results of operations.

 

 Security threats are a particular challenge to companies like us whose business is technology products and services. The encryption and authentication technology licensed from third parties on which we rely to securely transmit confidential information, including credit card numbers, may not adequately protect customer transaction data. A cyber-attack or any other security incident that allows unauthorized access to or modification of our customers’ data or our own data or our IT systems or if the services we provide to our customers were disrupted, or if our products or services are perceived as having security vulnerabilities, could damage our reputation and expose us to risk of loss or litigation and possible liability or fines which could substantially harm our business and results of operations.  In addition, anyone who is able to circumvent our security measures could misappropriate proprietary information or cause interruptions in our operations.  Although we carry general liability insurance, our insurance may not cover potential claims of this type or may not be adequate to cover all costs incurred in defense of potential claims or to indemnify us for all liability that may be imposed. As a result, we may need to expend significant resources to protect against security breaches or to address problems caused by breaches. 

 

 

19


 

If we are unable to protect our intellectual property rights, our competitive position could be harmed or we could be required to incur significant expenses to enforce our rights.

 

Our success depends to a significant degree upon the protection of our software and other proprietary technology rights, particularly with respect to our Activation Services and Synchronoss Personal Cloud platforms. We rely on trade secret, copyright and trademark laws and confidentiality agreements with employees and third parties, all of which offer only limited protection. We also regularly file patent applications to protect inventions arising from our research and development, and have obtained a number of patents in the United States and other countries.  There can be no assurance that our patent applications will be approved, that any issued patents will adequately protect our intellectual property, or that such patents will not be challenged by third parties.  Also, much of our business and many of our solutions rely on key technologies developed or licensed by third or other parties, and we may not be able to obtain or continue to obtain licenses and technologies from these third parties at all or on reasonable terms.  The steps we have taken to protect our intellectual property may not prevent misappropriation of our proprietary rights or the reverse engineering of our solutions. Legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights in other countries are uncertain and may afford little or no effective protection of our proprietary technology. Consequently, we may be unable to prevent our proprietary technology from being exploited abroad, which could require costly efforts to protect our technology. Policing the unauthorized use of our products, trademarks and other proprietary rights is expensive, difficult and, in some cases, impossible. Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce or defend our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Such litigation could result in substantial costs and diversion of management resources, either of which could materially harm our business. Accordingly, despite our efforts, we may not be able to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our intellectual property.

 

Claims by others that we infringe their proprietary technology could harm our business.

 

Third parties could claim that our current or future products or technology infringe their proprietary rights. We expect that software developers will increasingly be subject to infringement claims as the number of products and competitors providing software and services to the communications industry increases and overlaps occur. Any claim of infringement by a third party, even those without merit, could cause us to incur substantial costs defending against the claim, and could distract our management from our business. Furthermore, a party making such a claim, if successful, could secure a judgment that requires us to pay substantial damages. A judgment could also include an injunction or other court order that could prevent us from offering our products or services. Any of these events could seriously harm our business. Third parties may also assert infringement claims against our customers. These claims may require us to initiate or defend protracted and costly litigation on behalf of our customers, regardless of the merits of these claims. If any of these claims succeed, we may be forced to pay damages on behalf of our customers. We also are generally obligated to indemnify our customers if our services infringe the proprietary rights of third parties.

 

If anyone asserts a claim against us relating to proprietary technology or information, while we might seek to license their intellectual property, we might not be able to obtain a license on commercially reasonable terms or on any terms. In addition, any efforts to develop non-infringing technology could be unsuccessful. Our failure to obtain the necessary licenses or other rights or to develop non-infringing technology could prevent us from offering our services and could therefore seriously harm our business.

 

20


 

We may seek to acquire companies or technologies, which could disrupt our ongoing business, disrupt our management and employees and adversely affect our results of operations.

 

We have made, and in the future intend to make, acquisitions of, and investments in, companies, technologies or products in existing, related or new markets for us which we believe may enhance our market position or strategic strengths. However, we cannot be sure that any acquisition or investment will ultimately enhance our products or strengthen our competitive position. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including but not limited to:

 

·

diversion of management's attention from other operational matters;

·

inability to identify acquisition candidates on terms acceptable to us or at all, or inability to complete acquisitions as anticipated or at all;

·

inability to realize anticipated benefits;

·

failure to commercialize purchased technologies;

·

inability to capitalize on characteristics of new markets that may be significantly different from our existing markets;

·

exposure to operational risks, rules and regulations to the extent such activities are located in countries where we have not historically done business;

·

inability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights in key technologies;

·

ineffectiveness of an acquired company's internal controls;

·

impairment of acquired intangible assets as a result of technological advancements or worse-than-expected performance of the acquired company or its product offerings;

·

unknown, underestimated and/or undisclosed commitments or liabilities;

·

excess or underutilized facilities; and

·

ineffective integration of operations, technologies, products or employees of the acquired companies.

 

In addition, acquisitions may disrupt our ongoing operations and increase our expenses and harm our results of operations or financial condition. Future acquisitions could also result in potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of debt, which may reduce our cash available for operations and other uses, an increase in contingent liabilities or an increase in amortization expense related to identifiable assets acquired, each of which could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our expansion into international markets may be subject to uncertainties that could increase our costs to comply with regulatory requirements in foreign jurisdictions, disrupt our operations and require increased focus from our management.

 

Our growth strategy includes the growth of our operations in foreign jurisdictions. International operations and business expansion plans are subject to numerous additional risks, including economic and political risks in foreign jurisdictions in which we operate or seek to operate, potential additional costs due to localization and other geographic specific costs, difficulty in enforcing contracts and collecting receivables through some foreign legal systems, unexpected changes in legal and regulatory requirements, differing technology standards and pace of adoption, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, varying regional and geopolitical business conditions and demands, and the difficulties associated with managing a large organization spread throughout various countries and the differences in foreign laws and regulations, including foreign tax, data privacy requirements, anti-competition, intellectual property, labor, contract, trade and other laws. Additionally, compliance with international and U.S. laws and regulations that apply to our international operations may increase our cost of doing business in foreign jurisdictions.  Violation of these laws and regulations could result in fines, criminal sanctions against us, our officers or our employees, or prohibitions on the conduct of our business.  As we continue to expand our business globally, our success will depend, in large part, on our ability to anticipate and effectively manage these and other risks associated with our international operations. However, any of these factors could adversely affect our international operations and, consequently, our operating results.

 

21


 

Our expansion into international markets may expose us to risks associated with fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates that could adversely affect our business.

 

We consider the U.S. dollar to be our functional currency. However, as we expand our operations into international markets a portion of our revenues and/or operating costs may be incurred outside the United States in other currencies. In such event, fluctuations in exchange rates between the currencies in which such revenues and/or costs may occur and the U.S. dollar may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. In addition, from time to time following our expansion into international markets we may experience increases in the costs of our operations outside the United States, as expressed in U.S. dollars, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Further, the imposition of restrictions on the conversion of foreign currencies could also have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We must recruit and retain our key management and other key personnel and our failure to recruit and retain qualified employees could have a negative impact on our business.

 

We believe that our success depends in part on the continued contributions of our senior management and other key personnel to generate business and execute programs successfully. In addition, the relationships and reputation that these individuals have established and maintain with our customers and within the industry in which we operate contribute to our ability to maintain good relations with our customers and others within the industry. The loss of any members of senior management or other key personnel could materially impair our ability to identify and secure new contracts and otherwise effectively manage our business.  Further, in the technology industry, there is substantial and continuous competition for highly skilled business, product development, technical and other personnel.  Competition for qualified personnel at times can be intense and as a result we may not be successful in attracting and retaining the personnel we require, which could have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments and new product delivery objectives.

 

Our inability to raise additional capital or generate the significant capital necessary to expand our operations and invest in new products could reduce our ability to compete and could harm our business.

 

We intend to continue to make investments to support our business growth and may require additional funds to respond to business challenges, including the need to develop new products and enhancements to our platforms or acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. If we raise additional equity financing, our stockholders may experience significant dilution of their ownership interests and the per share value of our common stock could decline. Furthermore, if we engage in debt financing, the holders of debt would have priority over the holders of common stock, and we may be required to accept terms that restrict our ability to incur additional indebtedness. We may also be required to take other actions that would otherwise be in the interests of the debt holders and force us to maintain specified liquidity or other ratios, any of which could harm our business, results of operations, and financial condition. If we need additional capital and cannot raise it on acceptable terms, we may not be able to, among other things:

 

·

develop or enhance our products and platforms;  

·

acquire complementary technologies, products or businesses;

·

expand operations, in the United States or internationally; or

·

respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated working capital requirements 

 

Our failure to do any of these things could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

22


 

We continue to incur significant costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management is required to devote substantial time to new and ongoing compliance initiatives.

 

We operate as a public company, and will continue to incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses as we comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as new rules subsequently implemented by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the NASDAQ Global Market, including recent changes under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. These rules impose various new requirements on public companies, including requiring changes in corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel will continue to devote a substantial amount of time to these new compliance initiatives. Moreover, these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, we expect these new rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantial costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. These rules and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our Board of Directors, our board committees or as executive officers.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires that we include in our annual report our assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting and our audited financial statements as of the end of each fiscal year. We successfully completed our assessment of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2014. Our continued compliance with Section 404 will require that we incur substantial expense and expend significant management time on compliance related issues. We currently do not have an internal audit group and we will evaluate the need to hire additional accounting and financial staff with appropriate public company experience and technical accounting knowledge. In future years, if we fail to timely complete this assessment, there may be a loss of public confidence in our internal control, the market price of our stock could decline and we could be subject to regulatory sanctions or investigations by the NASDAQ Global Market, the Securities and Exchange Commission or other regulatory authorities, which would require additional financial and management resources. In addition, any failure to implement required new or improved controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation, could harm our operating results or cause us to fail to timely meet our regulatory reporting obligations.

 

Our outstanding indebtedness and related obligations could adversely affect our financial condition and restrict our operating flexibility.

 

We have substantial debt and related obligations. In August 2014, we issued $230.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due in 2019 (the “2019 Notes”).  In September 2013, we entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Facility”) with JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as syndication agent and Capital One, National Association and KeyBank National Association, as co-documentation agents.  The Credit Facility is a $100 million unsecured revolving line of credit that matures in September 2018.  We have the right to request an increase in the aggregate principal amount of the Credit Facility to $150 million.  Our substantial level of debt and related obligations, including interest payments, covenants and restrictions, could have important consequences, including the following:

 

·

impairing our ability to invest in and successfully grow our business;

·

making it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to our indebtedness, which could result in an event of default under the agreement governing the 2019 Notes or the Credit Facility;

·

limiting our ability to obtain additional financing on satisfactory terms to fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt obligations and other general corporate requirements;

·

increasing our vulnerability to general economic downturns, competition and industry conditions, which could place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that are less leveraged and therefore we may be unable to take advantage of opportunities that our leverage prevents us from exploiting; and

·

imposing additional restrictions on the manner in which we conduct our business, including restrictions on our ability to pay dividends, incur additional debt and sell assets.

 

The occurrence of any one of these events could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows and ability to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness. Our failure to comply with the covenants under the agreements governing the 2019 Notes or the Credit Facility could result in an event of default and the acceleration of any debt then outstanding under the 2019 Notes or the Credit Facility, as the case may be. Any declaration of an event of default could significantly harm our business and prospects and could cause our stock price to decline.  Insufficient funds may require us to delay, scale back, or eliminate some or all of our activities.

23


 

 

Although the agreement governing the 2019 Notes and the Credit Facility each contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, these restrictions are subject to a number of significant qualifications and exceptions, and any indebtedness incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial. If new debt is added to current debt levels, the related risks that we and the Note holders face would be increased.

 

We intend to reserve from time to time a certain amount of cash in order to satisfy the obligations relating to our debt, which could adversely affect the amount or timing of investments to grow our business.

 

The 2019 Notes are unsecured debt and are not redeemable by us prior to the maturity date. Holders of the 2019 Notes may require us to purchase all or any portion of their 2019 Notes at 100% of their principal amount, plus any unpaid interest, upon a fundamental change. A fundamental change is generally defined to include a merger involving us, an acquisition of a majority of our outstanding common stock, and the change of a majority of our board without the approval of the board. In addition, to the extent we pursue and complete a monetization transaction, the structure of such transaction may qualify as a fundamental change under the 2019 Notes, which could trigger the put rights of the holders of the 2019 Notes, in which case we would be required to use a portion of the net proceeds from such transaction to repurchase any 2019 Notes put to us. This could adversely affect the amount or timing of any distributions to our stockholders.

 

We intend to reserve from time to time a certain amount of cash in order to satisfy these obligations relating to the 2019 Notes, which could materially affect the amount or timing of any investments to grow our business. If any or all of the 2019 Notes are not converted into shares of our common stock before the maturity date, we will have to pay the holders the full aggregate principal amount of the 2019 Notes then outstanding. Any of the above payments could have a material adverse effect on our cash position. If we fail to satisfy these obligations, it may result in a default under the indenture, which could result in a default under certain of our other debt instruments, if any.  Any such default would harm our business and the price of our securities could fall.

 

Changes in, or interpretations of, accounting principles could result in unfavorable accounting charges.

 

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. These principles are subject to interpretation by the SEC and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting principles. A change in these principles, or their interpretation, could have a significant effect on our reported results and may even retroactively affect previously reported results. Our accounting principles that recently have been or may be affected by changes in accounting principles are: (i) accounting for stock-based compensation; (ii) accounting for income taxes; (iii) accounting for business combinations and goodwill; (iv) revenue recognition guidance; and (v) accounting for foreign currency translation.

 

Changes in, or interpretations of, tax rules and regulations, could adversely affect our effective tax rates.

 

Unanticipated changes in our tax rates could affect our future results of operations. Our future effective tax rates could be unfavorably affected by changes in tax laws or the interpretation of tax laws or by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities. It is possible that future requirements, including the recently proposed implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, could change our current application of U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), resulting in a material adverse impact on our financial position or results of operations. In addition, we are subject to the continued examination of our income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of outcomes resulting from these examinations, if any, to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes. We believe such estimates to be reasonable, but there can be no assurance that the final determination of any of these examinations will not have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial position.

 

24


 

Our stock price may continue to experience significant fluctuations.

 

Our stock price, like that of other technology companies, continues to fluctuate greatly. Our stock price can be affected by many factors such as quarterly increases or decreases in our earnings, speculation in the investment community about our financial condition or results of operations and changes in revenue or earnings estimates, announcement of new services, technological developments, alliances, or acquisitions by us. Additionally, the price of our common stock may continue to fluctuate greatly in the future due to factors that are non-company specific, such as the decline in the United States and/or international economies, acts of terror against the United States or other jurisdictions where we conduct business, war or due to a variety of company specific factors, including quarter to quarter variations in our operating results, shortfalls in revenue, gross margin or earnings from levels projected by securities analysts and the other factors discussed in these risk factors.

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports or publish unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock will depend in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We currently have research coverage by securities and industry analysts. If one or more of the analysts who covers us downgrades our stock or states a view that our business prospects are reduced, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our company or fails to regularly publish reports on us, interest in the purchase of our stock could decrease, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.

 

Delaware law and provisions in our restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws could make a merger, tender offer or proxy contest difficult, therefore depressing the trading price of our common stock.

 

We are a Delaware corporation and the anti-takeover provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control by prohibiting us from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder for a period of three years after the person becomes an interested stockholder, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change in our management or control over us that stockholders may consider favorable. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws:

 

·

authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that could be issued by our Board of Directors to thwart a takeover attempt;

·

prohibit cumulative voting in the election of directors, which would otherwise allow holders of less than a majority of the stock to elect some directors;

·

establish a classified Board of Directors, as a result of which the successors to the directors whose terms have expired will be elected to serve from the time of election and qualification until the third annual meeting following election;

·

require that directors only be removed from office for cause;

·

provide that vacancies on the Board of Directors, including newly-created directorships, may be filled only by a majority vote of directors then in office;

·

limit who may call special meetings of stockholders;

·

prohibit stockholder action by written consent, requiring all actions to be taken at a meeting of the stockholders; and

·

establish advance notice requirements for nominating candidates for election to the Board of Directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings.

 

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

25


 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

 

In 2012, we entered into a ten year lease for approximately 80,000 square feet of office space for our corporate headquarters in Bridgewater, New Jersey. We also lease a 61,000 square foot facility in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania which expires in 2019 with two 5 year renewal options extending to 2029, a lease for a 47,000 square foot facility in Tucson, Arizona which expires in 2021 and a lease for an 88,000 square foot facility in Bangalore, India which expires in 2021. In addition to the above office space, we also lease offices in various states in the United States including Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Arizona, Texas, California New York and Washington and in certain countries including Ireland, Australia, Indonesia and France.  Lease terms for our locations expire in the years between 2015 and 2029. We believe that the facilities we now lease are sufficient to meet our needs through at least the next 12 months. However, we may require additional office space after that time or if our current business plans change, and we are currently evaluating expansion possibilities.

 

ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On October 7, 2014, we filed an amended complaint in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (Civ Act. No. 3:14-cv-06220) against F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. (collectively, “F-Secure"), claiming that F-Secure has infringed, and continues to infringe, several of our patents.  In February 2015, we entered into a patent license and settlement agreement with F-Secure Corporation and F-Secure, Inc. whereby we granted each of these companies (but not their subsidiaries or affiliates) a limited license to our patents. As a result of entering into the patent license and settlement agreement, the parties filed a joint stipulation to dismiss the above complaint.

 

On November 21, 2011, we filed an amended complaint in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (Civ Act. No. 3:11-cv-06713) against OnMobile Global Limited, VoxMobili, Inc. and VoxMobili, S.A. (collectively, “VoxMobili"), claiming that VoxMobili has infringed, and continues to infringe, several of our patents. On April 2, 2012, VoxMobili filed an answer to our complaint and asserted certain counterclaims that our patents at issue are invalid. In March 2014, we entered into a patent license and settlement agreement with OnMobile Global Limited, VoxMobili, Inc. and VoxMobili, S.A. whereby we granted each of these companies (but not their subsidiaries or affiliates) a limited license to our patents. As a result of entering into the patent license and settlement agreement, the parties filed a joint stipulation to dismiss the above complaint.

 

Our 2011 acquisition agreement with Miyowa SA provided that former shareholders of Miyowa SA would be eligible for earn-out payments to the extent specified business milestones were achieved following the acquisition. In December 2013, Eurowebfund and Bakamar, two former shareholders of Miyowa SA filed a complaint against us in the Commercial Court of Paris, France claiming that they are entitled to certain earn-out payments under the acquisition agreement. We were served with a copy of this complaint in January 2014. We believe Miyowa SA failed to meet the criteria required for us to pay the claimed amounts and that no earn-out payments are owed. Although we cannot predict the outcome of the lawsuit due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we believe the positions of Eurowebfund and Bakamar are without merit, and we intend to vigorously defend against all claims brought by them.

 

We are not currently subject to any legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on our operations; however, we may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business.   We are currently the plaintiff in several patent infringement cases.  The defendants in several of these cases from time to time may file counterclaims.  Although due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, we cannot predict the outcome of any of these actions at this time, we continue to pursue our claims and believe that any counterclaims are without merit, and we intend to defend against all such counterclaims.

 

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

26


 

PART II

ITEM 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

Our common stock is traded and listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “SNCR.” The following table sets forth, for each period during the past two years, the high and low sale prices as reported by NASDAQ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

High

 

Low

 

High

 

Low

First Quarter

 

$

36.44 

 

$

26.12 

 

$

32.00 

 

$

20.56 

Second Quarter

 

$

35.22 

 

$

28.61 

 

$

32.98 

 

$

25.63 

Third Quarter

 

$

45.78 

 

$

32.95 

 

$

39.30 

 

$

26.61 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

53.67 

 

$

39.66 

 

$

38.90 

 

$

27.72 

 

As of February 23, 2015, there were approximately 60 named holders of record of our common stock. On February 23, 2015, the last reported sale price of our common stock as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was $43.55 per share.

 

Dividend Policy

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common or preferred equity. We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings for use in the operation of our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to declare cash dividends will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors, subject to the covenants under our Credit Facility, and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our Board of Directors may deem relevant.

 

27


 

Stock Performance Graph

 

The graph set forth below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock between December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2014, with the cumulative total return of (i) the NASDAQ Computer Index and (ii) the NASDAQ Composite Index, over the same period. This graph assumes the investment of $100 on December 31, 2009 in our common stock, the NASDAQ Computer Index and the NASDAQ Composite Index, and assumes the reinvestment of dividends, if any. The graph assumes the initial value of our common stock on December 31, 2009 was the closing sales price of $15.81 per share.

 

The comparisons shown in the graph below are based upon historical data. We caution that the stock price performance shown in the graph below is not necessarily indicative of, nor is it intended to forecast, the potential future performance of our common stock.

 

Information used in the graph was obtained from NASDAQ, a source believed to be reliable, but we are not responsible for any errors or omissions in such information.

Picture 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12/31/09

 

12/31/10

    

12/31/11

    

12/31/12

    

12/31/13

    

12/31/14

Synchronoss Technologies, Inc

100 

 

169 

 

191 

 

133 

 

197 

 

265 

Nasdaq Composite Index

100 

 

117 

 

115 

 

133 

 

184 

 

209 

Nasdaq Computer Index

100 

 

117 

 

118 

 

133 

 

175 

 

210 

 

 

 

 

 

28


 

ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes and the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other financial data included elsewhere in this Form 10‑K. The selected statements of operations and the selected balance sheet data are derived from our consolidated audited financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

Statements of Operations Data:

  

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

Net revenues

$

457,314 

 

$

349,047 

 

$

273,692 

 

$

229,084 

 

$

165,969 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of services*

 

184,414 

 

 

146,238 

 

 

115,670 

 

 

106,595 

 

 

83,217 

Research and development

 

73,620 

 

 

64,845 

 

 

52,307 

 

 

41,541 

 

 

26,008 

Selling, general and administrative

 

79,227 

 

 

62,096 

 

 

46,680 

 

 

44,886 

 

 

33,743 

Net change in contingent consideration obligation

 

1,799 

 

 

(5,324)

 

 

(6,235)

 

 

2,954 

 

 

4,295 

Restructuring charges

 

 —

 

 

5,172 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Depreciation and amortization

 

55,956 

 

 

41,126 

 

 

23,812 

 

 

14,739 

 

 

9,403 

Total costs and expenses

 

395,016 

 

 

314,153 

 

 

232,234 

 

 

210,715 

 

 

156,666 

Income from operations

 

62,298 

 

 

34,894 

 

 

41,458 

 

 

18,369 

 

 

9,303 

Interest income

 

838 

 

 

557 

 

 

1,315 

 

 

821 

 

 

394 

Interest expense

 

(3,003)

 

 

(1,089)

 

 

(998)

 

 

(928)

 

 

(917)

Other income

 

441 

 

 

217 

 

 

889 

 

 

97 

 

 

317 

Income before income tax expense

 

60,574 

 

 

34,579 

 

 

42,664 

 

 

18,359 

 

 

9,097 

Income tax expense

 

(21,679)

 

 

(11,228)

 

 

(15,581)

 

 

(3,233)

 

 

(5,223)

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

38,895 

 

 

23,351 

 

 

27,083 

 

 

15,126 

 

 

3,874 

Income effect for interest on convertible debt, net of tax

 

754 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Net income applicable to shares of common stock for earnings per share

$

39,649 

 

$

23,351 

 

$

27,083 

 

$

15,126 

 

$

3,874 

Net income attributable to common stockholders per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.96 

 

$

0.60 

 

$

0.71 

 

$

0.44 

 

$

0.12 

Diluted

$

0.92 

 

$

0.58 

 

$

0.69 

 

$

0.43 

 

$

0.12 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

40,418 

 

 

38,891 

 

 

38,195 

 

 

37,372 

 

 

31,971 

Diluted

 

43,297 

 

 

40,009 

 

 

39,126 

 

 

38,619 

 

 

33,011 

*Cost of services excludes depreciation and amortization which is shown separately.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2012†

 

 

2011

 

 

2010

 

(In thousands)

Balance Sheet Data:

  

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

$

290,377 

 

$

77,605 

 

$

56,869 

 

$

152,576 

 

$

189,635 

Working capital

 

354,298 

 

 

98,786 

 

 

84,451 

 

 

152,886 

 

 

203,796 

Total assets

 

862,822 

 

 

527,019 

 

 

466,662 

 

 

398,618 

 

 

340,399 

Lease financing obligation - long-term

 

9,204 

 

 

9,252 

 

 

9,540 

 

 

9,241 

 

 

9,205 

Contingent consideration obligation - long-term

 

 —

 

 

4,468 

 

 

5,100 

 

 

8,432 

 

 

16,915 

Convertible debt

 

230,000 

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Total stockholders’ equity

 

529,107 

 

 

447,639 

 

 

374,657 

 

 

334,563 

 

 

288,023 

Certain prior period amounts have been recast in connection with Accounting Standards Codification 805, Business Combinations.

29


 

Item 7.  Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

This annual report on Form 10‑K, particularly Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations set forth below, contains forward‑looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management as of the date hereof based on information currently available to our management. Use of words such as believes, expects, anticipates, intends, plans, hopes, should, continues, seeks, likely or similar expressions, indicate a forward‑looking statement. Forward‑looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from the forward‑looking statements we make. We discuss factors that we believe could cause or contribute to these differences below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10‑K, including those set forth under Risk Factors. We caution investors not to place substantial reliance on the forward‑looking statements included in this report on Form 10‑K. These statements speak only as of the date of this report (unless another date is indicated), and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future developments.

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this document. All numbers are expressed in thousands unless otherwise stated.

 

Overview

 

We are a mobile innovation company that provides software-based cloud and activation solutions for connected devices to enterprise customers on a global scale.  Our software creates innovative consumer and enterprise solutions that drive billions of transactions on a wide range of connected devices across the world’s leading networks. Our solutions include: intelligent connectivity management and content synchronization, backup and sharing service procurement, provisioning, activation, and support that enable communications service providers (CSPs), cable operators/multi-services operators (MSOs), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) with embedded connectivity (e.g. smartphones, laptops, tablets and mobile Internet devices, such as automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes), multi-channel retailers and other customers to accelerate and monetize value-add services for connected devices. This includes automating subscriber activation, order management, upgrades, service provisioning and connectivity and content management from any sales channel to any communication service (wireless or wireline), across any connected device type and managing the content transfer, synchronization and share.

 

Our Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ platform is specifically designed to power the activation of the devices and technologies that seamlessly connect today’s consumer and leverage our cloud assets to manage these devices and content associated with them.  Synchronoss WorkSpace™ focuses on providing a secure, integrated file sharing and collaboration solution for small and medium businesses. Our consumer and small business platforms and solutions enable us to drive a natural extension of our mobile activations and cloud services with leading wireless networks around the world to link other non-traditional devices (i.e., automobiles, wearables for personal health and wellness, and connected homes).

 

Our Activation Services, Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ and Synchronoss WorkSpace™ platforms provide end-to-end seamless integration between customer-facing channels/applications, communication services or devices and “back-office” infrastructure-related systems and processes. Our customers rely on our solutions and technology to automate the process of activation and content and settings management for their subscriber’s devices while delivering additional communication services. Our Integrated Life™ platform brings together the capabilities of device/service activation with content and settings management to provide a seamless experience of activating and managing both traditional and non-traditional devices. Our platforms also support automated customer care processes through use of accurate and effective speech processing technology and enable our customers to offer their subscribers the ability to store in, and retrieve from, the Cloud their personal and work content and data which resides on their connected mobile devices, such as personal computers, smartphones and tablets.  Our platforms are designed to be carrier-grade, highly available, flexible and scalable to enable multiple converged communication services to be managed across multiple distribution channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, customer stores, indirect and other retail outlets allowing us to meet the rapidly changing and converging services and connected devices offered by our customers. We enable our customers to acquire, retain and service subscribers quickly, reliably and cost-effectively by enabling backup, restore, synchronization and sharing of subscriber content.  Through the use of our platforms, our customers can simplify the processes associated with managing the customer experience for procuring, activating, connecting, backing-up, synchronizing and social media and enterprise-wide sharing/collaboration with connected devices and contents from these devices and associated services.  The extensibility, scalability, reliability and relevance of our platforms enable new revenue streams and retention opportunities for our customers through new

30


 

subscriber acquisitions, sale of new devices, accessories and new value-added service offerings in the Cloud, while optimizing their cost of operations and enhancing customer experience. We currently operate in and market our solutions and services directly through our sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.

 

Our industry-leading customers include Tier 1 mobile service providers such as AT&T Inc., Verizon Wireless, Vodafone, Orange, Sprint, Telstra and U.S. Cellular, Tier 1 cable operators/MSOs and wireline operators like AT&T Inc., Comcast, Cablevision, Charter, CenturyLink, Mediacom and Level 3 Communications and large OEMs such as Apple and Ericsson.  These customers utilize our platforms, technology and services to service both consumer and business customers.

 

Revenues

 

We generate a substantial portion of our revenues on a per‑transaction or subscription basis, which is derived from contracts that extend up to 60 months from execution. For the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, we derived approximately 77% and 70%, respectively, of our revenues from transactions processed and subscription arrangements. This increase is a result of new subscription arrangements with our existing customers and increased transaction volumes. The remainder of our revenues were generated from professional services and software licenses.

 

Historically, our revenues have been directly impacted by the number of transactions processed. The future success of our business depends on the continued growth of consumer and business transactions and, as such, the volume of transactions that we process could fluctuate on a quarterly basis.  See “Current Trends Affecting Our Results of Operations” for certain matters regarding future results of operations.

 

Most of our revenues are recorded in U.S. dollars but as we continue to expand our business with international carriers and increase the extent of recording our international activities in local currencies, we will become subject to currency translation risk that could affect our future net sales.

 

Each of AT&T and Verizon Wireless accounted for more than 10% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. AT&T and Verizon Wireless in the aggregate accounted for 73% and 66% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

Costs and Expenses

 

Our costs and expenses consist of cost of services, research and development, selling, general and administrative, depreciation and amortization, change in contingent consideration, interest and other expense.

 

Cost of services includes all direct materials, direct labor, cost of facilities and those indirect costs related to revenues such as indirect labor, materials and supplies. Our primary cost of services is related to our information technology and systems department, including colocation fees, network costs, data center maintenance, database management and data processing costs, as well as personnel costs associated with service implementation, customer deployment and customer care. Also included in cost of services are costs associated with our exception handling centers and the maintenance of those centers. Currently, we utilize a combination of employees and third-party providers to process transactions through these centers.

 

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred unless they meet U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) criteria for deferral and amortization. Software development costs incurred prior to the establishment of technological feasibility do not meet these criteria, and are expensed as incurred. Research and development expense consists primarily of costs related to personnel, including salaries and other personnel-related expenses, consulting fees and the cost of facilities, computer and support services used in service technology development. We also expense costs relating to developing modifications and minor enhancements of our existing technology and services.

 

Selling, general and administrative expense consists of personnel costs including salaries, sales commissions, sales operations and other personnel-related expenses, travel and related expenses, trade shows, costs of communications equipment and support services, facilities costs, consulting fees, costs of marketing programs, such as internet and print and other overhead costs.

 

31


 

Net change in contingent consideration obligation consists of the changes to the fair value estimate of the obligation to the former equity holders which resulted from our acquisitions. The estimate is based on the weighted probability of achieving certain financial targets and milestones. The contingent consideration obligation earn-out periods are no longer than 12 months in duration. As such, we recognize the changes in fair value over that period. Final determination of the payment is done up to 90 days after the earn-out period ends.

 

Restructuring charges consist of the costs associated with the January 2013 work-force reduction plan to reduce costs and align our resources with our key strategic priorities. The restructuring charges include employee termination costs and facilities consolidation costs related to minimum lease payments of a leased location that will be closed.

 

Depreciation relates to our property and equipment and includes our network infrastructure and facilities. Amortization primarily relates to trademarks, customer lists, technology acquired and internally developed software.

 

Interest expense consists primarily of interest on our lease financing obligations and our convertible senior notes.

 

Current Trends Affecting Our Results of Operations

 

Businesses from our Activation Platforms and Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ solutions have been driven by the unprecedented growth in mobile devices globally. Certain industry trends, such as Next programs from AT&T, have resulted in faster device upgrade cycles by customers resulting in increased device order transactions and activations. With mobile devices becoming content rich and acting as a replacement for other traditional devices like PC’s, the need to securely back up content from mobile devices, sync it with other devices and share it with others in their community of family, friends and business associates have become essential needs. The major Tier 1 carriers are also publicly discussing achieving 500% penetration (multiple connected devices per user) by enabling connectivity to non-traditional devices. Such devices include connected cars, health and wellness devices, connected home and health care. The need for these devices to be activated and managed and the contents from them to be stored in a common cloud are also expected to be drivers of our businesses in the long term.

 

Bring Your Own Technology (BYOT/BYOD) is impacting the work environment for Small and Medium Businesses, which find themselves in a position where they need to offer their employees a safe environment to share and collaborate on their work documents and files via mobile devices. Leveraging our Synchronoss Personal Cloud solution infrastructure and technology to build Synchronoss WorkSpace™ for this purpose is enabling us to serve a completely new market, which we believe will also contribute to our growth.

 

To support our expected growth driven by the favorable industry trends mentioned above, we continue to look for opportunities to improve our operating efficiencies, such as the utilization of offshore technical and non-technical resources for our exception handling center management as well as routine software maintenance activities. We also leverage modular components from our existing software platforms to build new products.   We believe that these opportunities will continue to provide future benefits and position us to support revenue growth. In addition, we anticipate further automation of the transactions generated by our more mature customers and additional transaction types. Our cost of services can fluctuate from period to period based upon the level of automation and the on-boarding of new transaction and service types. We are also making investments in new research and development for development of products designed to enable us to grow rapidly in the mobile wireless market. Our purchase of capital assets and equipment may also increase based on aggressive deployment, subscriber growth and promotional offers for free or bundled storage by our major Tier 1 carrier customers.

 

We continue to advance our plans for the expansion of our platforms' footprint with broadband carriers and international mobile carriers to support connected devices and multiple networks through our focus on transaction management and cloud-based services for back up, synchronization and sharing of content. Our initiatives with AT&T, Verizon Wireless, Vodafone and other CSPs continue to grow both with our current businesses as well as new products. We are also exploring additional opportunities through merger and acquisition activities to support our customer, product and geographic diversification strategies.

 

32


 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires us to utilize accounting policies and make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingencies as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during a fiscal period. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) considers an accounting policy to be critical if it is important to a companys financial condition and results of operations, and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application. We have discussed the selection and development of the critical accounting policies with the audit committee of our Board of Directors, and the audit committee has reviewed our related disclosures in this Form 10‑K. Although we believe that our judgments and estimates are appropriate, correct and reasonable under the circumstances, actual results may differ from those estimates. If actual results or events differ materially from those contemplated by us in making these estimates, our reported financial condition and results of operations for future periods could be materially affected. See Risk Factors for certain matters bearing risks on our future results of operations.

 

We believe the following to be our critical accounting policies because they are important to the portrayal of our consolidated financial condition and results of operations and they require critical management judgments and estimates about matters that are uncertain. If actual results or events differ materially from those contemplated by us in making these estimates, our reported consolidated financial condition and results of operations for future periods could be materially affected. See Risk Factors for certain matters bearing risks on our future results of operations.

 

Revenue Recognition and Deferred Revenue

 

We provide services principally on a transactional or subscription basis or, at times, on a fixed fee basis and recognize the revenues as the services are performed or delivered as discussed below:

 

Transactional and Subscription Service Arrangements:  Transaction and subscription revenues represented approximately 77%,  70%, and 67% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012, respectively. Transaction and subscription revenues consist of revenues derived from the processing of transactions through our service platforms, providing enterprise portal management services on a subscription basis and maintenance agreements on software licenses. Transaction service arrangements include services such as processing equipment orders, new account set‑up and activation, number port requests, credit checks and inventory management. Subscription services include hosting and storage and the related maintenance support for those services.

 

Transaction revenues are principally based on a contractual price per transaction and are recognized based on the number of transactions processed during each reporting period. Revenues are recorded based on the total number of transactions processed at the applicable price established in the relevant contract. The total amount of revenue recognized is based primarily on the volume of transactions. Subscription revenues are recorded on a straightline basis over the life of the contract for subscription services and maintenance agreements.

 

Many of our contracts guarantee minimum volume transactions from the customer. In these instances, if the customers total transaction volume for the period is less than the contractual amount, we record revenues at the minimum guaranteed amount. At times, transaction revenues may also include billings to customers that reimburse us based on the number of individuals dedicated to processing transactions. Set‑up fees for transactional service arrangements are deferred and recognized on a straight‑line basis over the life of the contract since these amounts would not have been paid by the customer without the related transactional service arrangement. Revenues are presented net of discounts, which are volume level driven, or credits, which are performance driven, and are determined in the period in which the volume thresholds are met or the services are provided.

 

33


 

Professional Service and Software License Arrangements:  Professional service and software license revenues represented approximately 23%,  30% and 33% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012, respectively. Professional services include process and workflow consulting services and development services. Professional services, when sold with non‑software transactional or subscription service arrangements, are accounted for separately when these services have value to the customer on a standalone basis. Professional services, when sold with software transactional or subscription service arrangements, are accounted for separately when these services have value to the customer on a standalone basis and there is objective and reliable evidence of fair value of the professional services. When accounted for separately, professional service revenues are recognized as services are performed and all other elements of revenue recognition have been satisfied.

 

In determining whether professional service revenues can be accounted for separately from transaction or subscription service revenues, we consider the following factors for each professional services agreement: availability of the professional services from other vendors, whether objective and reliable evidence of fair value exists of the undelivered elements, the nature of the professional services, the timing of when the professional services contract was signed in comparison to the transaction or subscription service start date and the contractual independence of the transactional or subscription service from the professional services.

 

If a professional service arrangement were not to qualify for separate accounting, we would recognize the professional service revenues ratably over the remaining term of the transaction or subscription agreement.

 

Revenue from software license arrangements is recognized when the license is delivered to our customers and all of the software revenue recognition criteria are met. When software arrangements include multiple elements, the arrangement consideration is allocated at the inception to all deliverables using the residual method providing we have vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) on all undelivered elements. We determine VSOE for each element based on historical stand‑alone sales to third‑parties. When sold with non‑software transaction or subscription service arrangements, the arrangement consideration is allocated at the inception of an arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method. The relative selling price method allocates any discount in the arrangement proportionally to each deliverable on the basis of each deliverables selling price. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on VSOE if available, third‑party evidence (TPE) if vendor‑ specific objective evidence is not available, or estimated selling price (ESP) if neither vendor‑specific objective evidence nor third‑party evidence is available. The objective of ESP is to determine the price at which we would transact a sale if the product or service were sold on a stand‑alone basis. We determine ESP by considering multiple factors including, but not limited to, geographies, market conditions, competitive landscape, internal costs, gross margin objectives, and pricing practices. ESP is generally used for offerings that are not typically sold on a stand‑alone basis or for new or highly customized offerings.

 

While we follow specific and detailed rules and guidelines related to revenue recognition, we make and use management judgments and estimates in connection with the revenue recognized in any reporting period, particularly in the areas described above, as well as collectability. If management made different estimates or judgments, differences in the timing of the recognition of revenue could occur.

 

Deferred Revenue:  Deferred revenues primarily represent billings to customers for services in advance of the performance of services, with revenues recognized as the services are rendered, and also include the fair value of deferred revenues recorded as a result of acquisitions.

 

Service Level Standards

 

Pursuant to certain contracts, we are subject to service level standards and to corresponding penalties for failure to meet those standards. All performancerelated penalties are reflected as a corresponding reduction of our revenues. These penalties, if applicable, are recorded in the month incurred and were insignificant for the years ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012.

 

34


 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated bad debts resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. The amount of the allowance account is based on historical experience and our analysis of the accounts receivable balance outstanding. While credit losses have historically been within our expectations and the provisions established, we cannot guarantee that we will continue to experience the same credit losses that we have in the past or that our reserves will be adequate. If the financial condition of one of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in its inability to make payments, additional allowances may be required which would result in an additional expense in the period that this determination was made.

 

Income Taxes

 

Since we conduct operations on a global basis, our effective tax rate has and will depend upon the geographic distribution of our pre-tax earnings among locations with varying tax rates. We account for the effects of income taxes that result from our activities during the current and preceding years. Under this method, deferred income tax liabilities and assets are based on the difference between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect in the years in which the differences are expected to reverse or be utilized. The realization of deferred tax assets is contingent upon the generation of future taxable income. A valuation allowance is recorded if it is "more likely than not" that a portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized.

 

In evaluating our ability to recover our deferred tax assets within the jurisdiction from which they arise, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. In projecting future taxable income, we begin with historical results and incorporate assumptions including the amount of future state, federal and foreign pretax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences, and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax-planning strategies. These assumptions require significant judgment about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates we are using to manage the underlying businesses.

 

We recognize a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position. The amount of the accrual for which an exposure exists is measured by determining the amount that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon the settlement of the position. Components of the reserve are classified as current or a long‑term liability in the consolidated balance sheets based on when we expect each of the items to be settled. We record interest and penalties accrued in relation to uncertain tax benefits as a component of interest expense. We expect that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will change during 2015; however, we do not expect the change to have a significant impact on our results of operations or financial position.

 

While we believe we have identified all reasonably identifiable exposures and that the reserve we have established for identifiable exposures is appropriate under the circumstances, it is possible that additional exposures exist and that exposures may be settled at amounts different than the amounts reserved. It is also possible that changes in facts and circumstances could cause us to either materially increase or reduce the carrying amount of our tax reserves. In general, tax returns for the year 2010 and thereafter are subject to future examination by tax authorities.

 

Our policy has been to leave our cumulative unremitted foreign earnings invested indefinitely outside the United States, and we intend to continue this policy. As such, taxes have not been provided on any of the remaining accumulated foreign unremitted earnings. If the cumulative unremitted foreign earnings exceed the amount we intend to reinvest in foreign countries in the future, we would provide for taxes on such excess amount.

 

Stock‑Based Compensation

 

As of December 31, 2014, we maintain three stock‑based compensation plans. We utilize the Black‑Scholes pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options on the dates of grant. Restricted stock awards are measured based on the fair market values of the underlying stock on the dates of grant, unless the awards are subject to market conditions, in which case we use a binomial‑lattice model (e.g., Monte Carlo simulation model). The Monte Carlo simulation model utilizes multiple input variables to estimate the probability that market conditions will be achieved. We recognize stock‑based compensation over the requisite service period with an offsetting credit to additional paid‑in capital.

 

35


 

For our performance restricted stock awards we estimate the number of shares the recipient is to receive by applying a probability of achieving the performance goals. The actual number of shares the recipient receives is determined at the end of the annual performance period based on the results achieved versus goals based on our annual performance targets, such as operating income. Once the number of awards is determined, the compensation cost is fixed and continues to be recognized using the accelerated attribution recognition over the requisite service period for each vesting tranche.

 

We classify benefits of tax deductions in excess of the compensation cost recognized (excess tax benefits) as a financing cash inflow with a corresponding operating cash outflow. We included $1.2 million,  $3.0 million and $6.9 million of excess tax benefits as a financing cash inflow for the years ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

We utilize the Black‑Scholes option pricing model for determining the estimated fair value for stock‑option awards. Use of a valuation model requires management to make certain assumptions with respect to selected model inputs. Expected volatility was calculated based on our historical information of our stock. The average expected life was determined using historical stock option exercise activity. The risk‑free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury zero‑coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the expected life assumed at the date of grant. We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common or preferred equity and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Forfeitures are estimated based on the historical analysis of actual stock option forfeitures.

 

The weighted‑average assumptions used in the Black‑Scholes option pricing model are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

Expected stock price volatility

57 

%

    

66 

%

    

68 

%

Risk-free interest rate

1.43 

%

 

0.87 

%

 

0.80 

%

Expected life of options (in years)

4.2 

 

 

4.5 

 

 

4.8 

 

Expected dividend yield

 —

%

 

 —

%

 

 —

%

 

The weighted‑average fair value (as of the date of grant) of the options granted was $14.67,  $15.79 and $13.47 per share for the year ended December 31, 2014,  2013 and 2012, respectively. The total stock‑based compensation cost related to unvested equity awards not yet recognized as an expense as of December 31, 2014 was approximately $41.0 million.

 

Business Combinations

 

We account for business combinations in accordance with the acquisition method. The acquisition method of accounting requires that assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at their fair values on the date of a business acquisition. Our consolidated financial statements and results of operations reflect an acquired business from the completion date of an acquisition.

 

The judgments that we make in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact net income in periods following a business combination. We generally use either the income, cost or market approach to aid in our conclusions of such fair values and asset lives. The income approach presumes that the value of an asset can be estimated by the net economic benefit to be received over the life of the asset, discounted to present value. The cost approach presumes that an investor would pay no more for an asset than its replacement or reproduction cost. The market approach estimates value based on what other participants in the market have paid for reasonably similar assets. Although each valuation approach is considered in valuing the assets acquired, the approach ultimately selected is based on the characteristics of the asset and the availability of information.

 

We record contingent consideration resulting from a business combination at its fair value on the acquisition date. Each reporting period thereafter, we revalue these obligations and record increases or decreases in their fair value as an adjustment to net change in contingent consideration obligation within the consolidated statement of income. Changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligation can result from updates in the achievement of financial targets and changes to the weighted probability of achieving those future financial targets. Significant judgment is employed in determining the appropriateness of these assumptions as of the acquisition date and for each subsequent period. Accordingly, any change in the assumptions described above, could have a material impact on the amount of the net change in contingent consideration obligation that we record in any given period.

36


 

 

On July 11, 2014, we acquired all outstanding shares of Vox, a French company, for $25.1 million, net of cash acquired and liabilities assumed, subject to certain working capital adjustments. We believe that this acquisition will further enable us to be positioned as the leading provider of personal cloud solutions to the world’s largest mobile operators.

 

On July 2, 2014, we acquired certain assets, liabilities and workforce from Clarity, an Australian company, for cash consideration of $6.6 million net of liabilities assumed. We believe that the assets and customer contracts acquired from Clarity will assist our access to new markets in the Asia Pacific region.

 

On May 12, 2014, we acquired certain assets and workforce from Digi-Data, a U.S. company, for total consideration of $6.3 million. We believe that the assets and workforce acquired from Digi-Data will expedite our integration of broadband technologies into our wireless cloud offerings.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired, including other definite‑lived intangible assets. Goodwill is not amortized, but reviewed annually for impairment or upon the occurrence of events or changes in circumstances that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount. We performed our annual impairment test noting no impairment as of December 31, 2014, and we do not believe we are at significant risk for impairment.

 

The change in the carrying amount of goodwill for the year ended December 31, 2014 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013

 

$

137,743 

Acquisitions

 

    

20,624 

Reclassifications, adjustments and other

 

 

(1,287)

Translation adjustments

 

 

(9,945)

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

$

147,135 

 

The reclassification, adjustments and other of $1.3 million is primarily related to an increase in the Company’s deferred taxes in connection with a foreign tax election.

37


 

Results of Operations

 

Year ended December 31, 2014, compared to the year ended December 31, 2013

 

The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       2014       

 

       2013       

 

2014 vs 2013

 

    

       $        

    

% of Revenue

    

       $        

    

% of Revenue

    

$ Change

    

% Change

 

 

(in thousands)

Net revenues

 

$

457,314 

 

100.0 

%  

 

$

349,047 

 

100.0 

%  

 

$

108,267 

 

31.0 

%  

Cost of services*

 

 

184,414 

 

40.3 

%  

 

 

146,238 

 

41.9 

%  

 

 

38,176 

 

26.1 

%  

Research and development

 

 

73,620 

 

16.1 

%  

 

 

64,845 

 

18.6 

%  

 

 

8,775 

 

13.5 

%  

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

79,227 

 

17.3 

%  

 

 

62,096 

 

17.8 

%  

 

 

17,131 

 

27.6 

%  

Net change in contingent consideration obligation

 

 

1,799 

 

0.4 

%  

 

 

(5,324)

 

(1.5)

%  

 

 

7,123 

 

(133.8)

%  

Restructuring charges

 

 

 —

 

 —

%  

 

 

5,172 

 

1.5 

%  

 

 

(5,172)

 

(100.0)

%  

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

55,956 

 

12.2 

%  

 

 

41,126 

 

11.8 

%  

 

 

14,830 

 

36.1 

%  

 

 

 

395,016 

 

86.4 

%  

 

 

314,153 

 

90.0 

%  

 

 

80,863 

 

25.7 

%  

Income from operations

 

$

62,298 

 

13.6 

%  

 

$

34,894 

 

10.0 

%  

 

$

27,404 

 

78.5 

%  


*Cost of services excludes depreciation and amortization which is shown separately.

 

Net Revenues.  Net revenues increased $108.3 million to $457.3 million in 2014, compared to 2013. This increase was primarily due to the expansion of our services provided to our customers. Transaction and subscription revenues as a percentage of sales were 77% or $350.0 million in 2014  compared to 70% or $243.0 million in 2013. The increase in transaction and subscription revenue is primarily due to new subscription arrangements with our existing customers and increased transaction volumes. Professional service and software license revenues as a percentage of sales were 23% or $107.3 million in 2014 compared to 30% or $106.0 million in 2013.

 

Net revenues related to Activation Services increased $12.8 million to $245.8 million in 2014,  compared to $233.0 million in 2013.  Net revenues related to Activation Services represented 54% for the year ended December 31, 2014, compared to 67% for 2013. Net revenues related to our Cloud Services increased by $95.5 million to $211.5 million of our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to 2013.  Net revenues related to our Cloud Services represented 46% for the year ended December 31, 2014, compared to 33%  in 2013. The increase in our Cloud Service performance was a result of strong adoption of our cloud offerings across our customer base. 

 

Expense

 

Cost of Services.  Cost of services increased $38.2 million to $184.4 million in 2014, compared to 2013, due primarily to an increase of $18.1 million in colocation costs related to the expansion of our hosting and storage offering. Personnel and related costs increased $11.7 million due primarily to our continued growth in existing and new programs with our current customers and recent acquisitions. Outside consulting increased $8.2 million due to increased usage of third party exception handling vendors needed to process additional transactions related to our increased business. Cost of services as a percentage of revenues decreased to 40.3% for 2014, as compared to 41.9% for 2013.

 

Research and Development.  Research and development expense increased approximately $8.8 million to $73.6 million in 2014, compared to 2013,  primarily due to an increase of $4.9 million in our personnel and related costs and an increase of $3.7 million in outside consulting as a result of our continued growth as we further expand the capabilities of our offerings. Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues decreased to 16.1% for 2014, compared to 18.6% in 2013.

 

38


 

Selling, General and Administrative.  Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $17.1 million to $79.2 million in 2014, compared to 2013. There was an increase of $10.0 million in personnel and related costs and an increase of $2.8 million in stock based compensation. The increase in personnel and related costs primarily related to increased headcount as a result of our international expansion as well as the earn-out compensation due to former owners and employees of Strumsoft. Our marketing expense increased $1.2 million due to our market expansion activities associated with the rebranding and the launch of our new products. There was also an increase of $1.3 million in merger and acquisition expense related to the acquisitions of Digi-Data, Vox and Clarity. The remaining increases of $725 thousand related to telecommunication and facility costs that were impacted by the increase of our common area maintenance costs and $713 thousand related to various outside consultant costs supporting various strategic projects. Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues decreased to 17.3% for 2014, as compared to 17.8% for 2013.

 

Net Change in Contingent Consideration Obligation.  The net change in contingent consideration obligation increased by $7.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. During 2014 the contingent consideration associated with the Strumsoft acquisition increased $1.8 million due to changes in the fair value estimates related to the weighted probability of achieving revenue milestones. As of December 31, 2014 all of the business objectives for the Strumsoft earn-out have been met and accordingly the Company recorded $8 million on the balance sheet related to the Strumsoft earn-out, which is to be paid within 60 days following December 31, 2014. This contrasts with a $5.3 million reduction of the contingent consideration obligation for the year ended December 31, 2013 driven by the Spatial Systems Nominees PTY Limited ("Spatial") earn-out reversal as a result of the timing of projected revenue financial milestones required to be achieved in order to receive the expected payout and the settlement of the SpeechCycle, Inc. ("SpeechCycle") earn-out. 

 

Depreciation and Amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expense increased $14.8 million to $56.0 million in 2014, compared to 2013, primarily related to capital investments in our IT infrastructure to support the continued expansion of our platforms and the amortization of our newly acquired intangible assets of Digi-Data, Clarity and Vox. Effective October 1, 2014, the Company changed the useful life estimate of its data center hardware assets from 3 years to 5 years to better reflect the estimated period during which these assets will remain in service and economically viable.  These changes resulted in a decrease in depreciation expense of $3.6 million in 2014. Depreciation and amortization expense as a percentage of revenues increased to 12.2% for 2014, as compared to 11.8% for 2013.

 

Income from Operations.    Income from operations increased $27.4 million to $62.3 million in 2014, compared to 2013.  This was primarily due to increased revenues offset by the additional costs associated with our acquired operations and no restructuring costs incurred in 2014. Income from operations as a percentage of revenues increased to 13.6% for 2014, as compared to 10.0% for 2013.

 

Interest Income.  Interest income increased $281 thousand to $838 thousand in 2014, compared to 2013.  Interest income increased primarily due to an increase in our cash, cash equivalents and investment balances.

 

Interest Expense.  Interest expense increased $1.9 million to $3.0 million in 2014, compared to 2013 due to an increase of approximately $439 thousand related to our $40 million borrowing on our revolving credit facility, which was drawn in July and subsequently repaid in September 2014, and an additional $1.2 million of coupon rate interest and deferred financing fees related to the $230 million of convertible debt issued in August 2014.

 

Other Income.  Other income increased $224 thousand to $441 thousand in 2014, compared to 2013.  Other income increased primarily due to an increase in New York state refundable research and development tax credits domestically, upon the state’s completion of its audit, and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

 

Income Tax.  During 2014 and 2013, we recognized approximately $21.7 million and $11.2 million in income tax expense, respectively. Our effective tax rate was approximately 35.8% and 32.5% during 2014 and 2013, respectively. In 2014, our effective tax rate was higher than our U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to state taxes, the tax effect of non-deductible expenses and the unfavorable tax impact of the fair market value adjustment for the contingent consideration obligations related to the earn-out payments and Subpart F income, offset by the favorable impact of income in foreign jurisdictions which have lower tax rates than the U.S. and the tax credit for research and experimentation expenses.

 

39


 

We expect to be exposed to fluctuations in our effective rate during the earn-out period for our contingent consideration liabilities. Due to the nature of these transactions we may experience significant adjustments to fair value of the contingent consideration obligation depending on the outcome of the target achievements.

 

A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amounts of unrecognized tax benefits for the twelve months ended December 31, 2014 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrecognized tax benefit at December 31, 2013

  

$

734 

Reductions for tax positions of prior periods

 

 

(217)

Additions for tax positions of current periods

 

 

650 

Reductions related to the expiration of statutes of limitations

 

 

(13)

Unrecognized tax benefit at December 31, 2014

 

$

1,154 

 

Year ended December 31, 2013, compared to the year ended December 31, 2012

 

The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       2013       

 

       2012       

 

2013 vs 2012

 

    

       $        

    

% of Revenue

    

   $    

    

% of Revenue

    

$ Change

    

% Change

 

 

(in thousands)

Net revenues

 

$

349,047 

 

100.0 

%  

 

$

273,692 

 

100.0 

%  

 

$

75,355 

 

27.5 

%  

Cost of services*

 

 

146,238 

 

41.9 

%  

 

 

115,670 

 

42.3 

%  

 

 

30,568 

 

26.4 

%  

Research and development

 

 

64,845 

 

18.6 

%  

 

 

52,307 

 

19.1 

%  

 

 

12,538 

 

24.0 

%  

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

62,096 

 

17.8 

%  

 

 

46,680 

 

17.1 

%  

 

 

15,416 

 

33.0 

%  

Net change in contingent consideration obligation

 

 

(5,324)

 

(1.5)

%  

 

 

(6,235)

 

(2.3)

%  

 

 

911 

 

(14.6)

%  

Restructuring charges

 

 

5,172 

 

1.5 

%  

 

 

 —

 

 —

%  

 

 

5,172 

 

100.0 

%  

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

41,126 

 

11.8 

%  

 

 

23,812 

 

8.7 

%  

 

 

17,314 

 

72.7 

%  

 

 

 

314,153 

 

90.0 

%  

 

 

232,234 

 

84.9 

%  

 

 

81,919 

 

35.3 

%  

Income from operations

 

$

34,894 

 

10.0 

%  

 

$

41,458 

 

15.1 

%  

 

$

(6,564)

 

(15.8)

%  


*Cost of services excludes depreciation and amortization which is shown separately.

 

Net Revenues.  Net revenues increased $75.4 million to $349.0 million in 2013, compared to 2012. This increase was primarily due to the expansion of our services provided to our customers. Transaction and subscription revenues as a percentage of sales were 70% or $243.0 million in 2013 compared to 67% or $183.6 million in 2012. The increase in transaction and subscription revenue is primarily due to new subscription arrangements with our existing customers. Professional service and software license revenues as a percentage of sales were 30% or $106.0 million in 2013 compared to 33% or $90.1 million in 2012.

 

Activation Services as a percentage of sales were 67% or $233.0 million in 2013 compared to 71% or $195.6 million in 2012. The combination of upgrade promotions being offered by operators, along with the positive impact of Family Share Plans drove increased transaction volumes. Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ services as a percentage of sales were 33% or $116.0 million in 2013 compared to 29% or $78.1 million in 2012. Our cloud service revenue growth was driven by the scaling of our Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ platform deployments with major Tier 1 mobile operator customers.

 

40


 

Expense

 

Cost of Services.  Cost of services increased $30.6 million to $146.2 million in 2013, compared to 2012, due primarily to an increase of $15.3 million in telecommunication and facility costs related to the increased call volume and capacity associated with our data facilities. Personnel and related costs increased $9.1 million due primarily to our continued growth in existing and new programs with our current customers and recent acquisitions. Outside consulting increased $5.5 million due to our increased use of third party exception handling vendors. Cost of services as a percentage of revenues decreased to 41.9% for 2013, as compared to 42.3% for 2012.

 

Research and Development.  Research and development expense increased approximately $12.5 million to $64.8 million in 2013, compared to 2012, due primarily to an increase of $10.0 million in our personnel and related costs as a result of our continued growth as we further expand the capabilities of our offerings, as well as investing in several early‑stage customer deployments. Outside consulting increased $731 thousand and telecommunication and facility costs increased $1.6 million as a result of the expansion of our programs. Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues decreased to 18.6% for 2013, compared to 19.1% in 2012.

 

Selling, General and Administrative.  Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $15.4 million to $62.1 million in 2013, compared to 2012 due primarily to an increase of $12.7 million in personnel and related costs as a result of our recent acquisitions and our expanded sales and marketing programs. Professional services related to accounting and legal costs increased $2.4 million as a result of our acquisition and patent activity and telecommunication and facility costs increased $2.2 million as a result of our acquisitions. Offsetting the increase was a decrease of $2.2 million in mergers and acquisition expense due to a decrease in the number of acquisitions in 2013 compared to 2012. Selling, general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues increased to 17.8% for 2013, as compared to 17.1% for 2012.

 

Net Change in Contingent Consideration Obligation.  The net change in contingent consideration obligation resulted from a $5.3 million reduction of the contingent consideration obligation for the year ended December 31, 2013 driven by the Spatial Systems Nominees PTY Limited (“Spatial”) earn‑out reversal as a result of the timing of projected revenue financial milestones required to be achieved in order to receive the expected payout and the settlement of the SpeechCycle, Inc. (“SpeechCycle”) earn‑out. The $6.2 million reduction of the contingent consideration obligation for the year ended December 31, 2012 was driven by changes in the fair value estimates related to the weighted probability of achieving revenue and product milestones for the Miyowa S.A. (“Miyowa”), SpeechCycle, Spatial, and Sapience Knowledge Systems, Inc. (“SKS”) earn‑outs.

 

Restructuring Charges.  Restructuring charges were $5.2 million, consisting of $4.6 million for employment termination costs and $555 thousand for minimum lease payments, in 2013, as a result of the January 2013 work‑force reduction plan to reduce costs and align our resources with our key strategic priorities. This restructuring was done shortly after our acquisition of Newbay Software Limited.

 

Depreciation and Amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expense increased $17.3 million to $41.1 million in 2013, compared to 2012, primarily related to an increase in depreciable fixed assets necessary for the continued expansion of our platforms and the amortization of our newly acquired intangible assets of Spatial, Newbay Software Limited (“Newbay”), and Strumsoft Inc. (“Strumsoft”). Depreciation and amortization expense as a percentage of revenues increased to 11.8% for 2013, as compared to 8.7% for 2012.

 

Income from Operations.  Income from operations decreased $6.6 million to $34.9 million in 2013, compared to 2012. This was due primarily to increases in depreciable fixed assets, increased intangible amortization, restructuring charges related to our work‑force reduction and facilities consolidation to align our resources with our key strategic priorities and the additional costs associated with our acquired operations offset by increased revenues. Income from operations as a percentage of revenues decreased to 10.0% for 2013, as compared to 15.1% for 2012.

 

Interest Income.  Interest income decreased $758 thousand to $557 thousand in 2013, compared to 2012. Interest income decreased primarily due to a reduction of our investment balances as a result of our recent acquisitions.

 

Interest Expense.  Interest expense increased $91 thousand to $1.1 million in 2013, compared to 2012.

 

41


 

Other Income.  Other income decreased $672 thousand to $217 thousand in 2013, compared to 2012. Other income decreased primarily due to a reduction in refundable research and development tax credits realized in France and changes in foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

 

Income Tax.  During 2013 and 2012, we recognized approximately $11.2 million and $15.6 million in income tax expense, respectively. Our effective tax rate was approximately 32.5% and 36.5% during 2013 and 2012, respectively. In 2013, our effective tax rate was lower than our US federal statutory rate primarily due to the favorable impact of income in foreign jurisdictions which have lower tax rates than the U.S. and the favorable tax impact of the fair market value adjustment for the contingent consideration obligations related to the earn‑out payments. In addition, compared to 2012, our effective tax rate was favorably impacted by the late extension of the tax credit for research and experimentation expenses that was not in existence as of December 31, 2012 but was retroactively reinstated by Congress in January of 2013 and therefore recognized during 2013. These favorable items were offset by the unfavorable impact of state taxes and the tax effect of non‑deductible expenses.

 

We expect to be exposed to fluctuations in our effective rate during the earn‑out period for our contingent consideration liabilities. Due to the nature of these transactions we may experience significant adjustments to fair value of the contingent consideration obligation depending on the outcome of the target achievements.

 

A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amounts of unrecognized tax benefits for the twelve months ended December 31, 2013 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrecognized tax benefit at December 31, 2012

  

$

529 

Additions for tax positions of prior periods

 

  

12 

Additions for tax positions of current periods

 

 

268 

Reductions related to the expiration of statutes of limitations

 

 

(75)

Unrecognized tax benefit at December 31, 2013

 

$

734 

 

Unaudited Quarterly Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

    

March 31

    

June 30

    

September 30

    

December 31

 

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

 

$

98,477 

 

$

103,451 

 

$

125,175 

 

$

130,211 

Gross profit(2)

 

  

58,498 

 

  

62,161 

 

 

74,679 

 

  

77,562 

Net income(3)(5)

 

 

7,584 

 

 

8,364 

 

 

9,327 

 

 

13,620 

Basic net income per common share(1)