10-Q 1 a10-10512_110q.htm 10-Q

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2010

 

OR

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 


 

1-16725

(Commission file number)

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

42-1520346

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

711 High Street, Des Moines, Iowa 50392

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(515) 247-5111

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

The total number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of July 28, 2010, was 320,310,476.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position at June 30, 2010 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2009

3

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009

4

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009

5

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009

6

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements — June 30, 2010

8

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

66

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

109

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

114

 

 

 

Part II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

115

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

115

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

116

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

117

 

 

 

Signature

 

118

 

2



Table of Contents

 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

 

 

 

June 30,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale (2010 includes $248.8 million related to consolidated variable interest entities)

 

$

48,230.1

 

$

46,220.6

 

Fixed maturities, trading (2010 includes $162.7 million related to consolidated variable interest entities)

 

1,245.2

 

1,032.4

 

Equity securities, available-for-sale

 

171.3

 

214.0

 

Equity securities, trading (2010 includes $80.1 million related to consolidated variable interest entities)

 

222.8

 

221.5

 

Mortgage loans

 

11,292.6

 

11,845.6

 

Real estate

 

1,082.7

 

1,034.6

 

Policy loans

 

894.4

 

902.5

 

Other investments (2010 includes $130.6 million related to consolidated variable interest entities of which $130.4 million are measured at fair value under the fair value option)

 

2,758.0

 

2,465.3

 

Total investments

 

65,897.1

 

63,936.5

 

Cash and cash equivalents (2010 includes $147.6 million related to consolidated variable interest entities)

 

1,827.3

 

2,240.4

 

Accrued investment income

 

668.6

 

691.9

 

Premiums due and other receivables

 

1,232.6

 

1,065.4

 

Deferred policy acquisition costs

 

3,426.7

 

3,681.4

 

Property and equipment

 

471.7

 

489.3

 

Goodwill

 

381.8

 

386.4

 

Other intangibles

 

842.9

 

851.7

 

Separate account assets

 

60,735.0

 

62,738.5

 

Other assets

 

1,112.8

 

1,677.9

 

Total assets

 

$

136,596.5

 

$

137,759.4

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Contractholder funds

 

$

38,849.4

 

$

39,801.9

 

Future policy benefits and claims

 

19,268.8

 

19,248.3

 

Other policyholder funds

 

569.5

 

559.2

 

Short-term debt

 

126.5

 

101.6

 

Long-term debt

 

1,572.4

 

1,584.6

 

Income taxes currently payable

 

2.5

 

2.8

 

Deferred income taxes

 

197.3

 

120.2

 

Separate account liabilities

 

60,735.0

 

62,738.5

 

Other liabilities (2010 includes $451.2 million related to consolidated variable interest entities of which $119.0 million are measured at fair value under the fair value option)

 

6,203.4

 

5,585.9

 

Total liabilities

 

127,524.8

 

129,743.0

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Series A preferred stock, par value $.01 per share with liquidation preference of $100 per share - 3.0 million shares authorized, issued and outstanding in 2010 and 2009

 

 

 

Series B preferred stock, par value $.01 per share with liquidation preference of $25 per share - 10.0 million shares authorized, issued and outstanding in 2010 and 2009

 

0.1

 

0.1

 

Common stock, par value $.01 per share - 2,500.0 million shares authorized, 447.9 million and 447.0 million shares issued, and 319.8 million and 319.0 million shares outstanding in 2010 and 2009

 

4.5

 

4.5

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

9,525.8

 

9,492.9

 

Retained earnings

 

4,474.8

 

4,160.7

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(351.0

)

(1,042.0

)

Treasury stock, at cost (128.1 million and 128.0 million shares in 2010 and 2009, respectively)

 

(4,724.7

)

(4,722.7

)

Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Principal Financial Group, Inc.

 

8,929.5

 

7,893.5

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

142.2

 

122.9

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

9,071.7

 

8,016.4

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

136,596.5

 

$

137,759.4

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the three months ended
June 30,

 

For the six months ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions, except per share data)

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Premiums and other considerations

 

$

868.2

 

$

937.7

 

$

1,747.1

 

$

1,887.6

 

Fees and other revenues

 

554.8

 

515.2

 

1,122.4

 

988.7

 

Net investment income

 

877.0

 

860.1

 

1,740.0

 

1,688.6

 

Net realized capital gains (losses), excluding impairment losses on available-for-sale securities

 

(11.9

)

(20.8

)

21.8

 

11.9

 

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses on available-for-sale securities

 

(107.1

)

(200.9

)

(191.7

)

(347.5

)

Portion of impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale recognized in other comprehensive income

 

52.6

 

66.5

 

58.0

 

117.1

 

Net impairment losses on available-for-sale securities

 

(54.5

)

(134.4

)

(133.7

)

(230.4

)

Net realized capital losses

 

(66.4

)

(155.2

)

(111.9

)

(218.5

)

Total revenues

 

2,233.6

 

2,157.8

 

4,497.6

 

4,346.4

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benefits, claims and settlement expenses

 

1,337.0

 

1,334.3

 

2,612.3

 

2,640.9

 

Dividends to policyholders

 

55.0

 

62.9

 

111.5

 

126.4

 

Operating expenses

 

683.8

 

562.7

 

1,359.7

 

1,251.1

 

Total expenses

 

2,075.8

 

1,959.9

 

4,083.5

 

4,018.4

 

Income before income taxes

 

157.8

 

197.9

 

414.1

 

328.0

 

Income taxes

 

13.6

 

33.9

 

66.3

 

41.4

 

Net income

 

144.2

 

164.0

 

347.8

 

286.6

 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

1.9

 

5.4

 

6.5

 

7.0

 

Net income attributable to Principal Financial Group, Inc.

 

142.3

 

158.6

 

341.3

 

279.6

 

Preferred stock dividends

 

8.3

 

8.3

 

16.5

 

16.5

 

Net income available to common stockholders

 

$

134.0

 

$

150.3

 

$

324.8

 

$

263.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

 

$

0.42

 

$

0.52

 

$

1.02

 

$

0.96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

 

$

0.42

 

$

0.52

 

$

1.01

 

$

0.95

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Series A
preferred
stock

 

Series B
preferred
stock

 

Common
stock

 

Additional
paid-in
capital

 

Retained
earnings

 

Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss

 

Treasury
stock

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

Total
stockholders’
equity

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Balances at January 1, 2009

 

$

 

$

0.1

 

$

3.9

 

$

8,376.5

 

$

3,722.5

 

$

(4,911.6

)

$

(4,718.6

)

$

96.5

 

$

2,569.3

 

Common stock issued

 

 

 

0.6

 

1,112.4

 

 

 

 

 

1,113.0

 

Stock-based compensation and additional related tax benefits

 

 

 

 

16.8

 

 

 

 

 

16.8

 

Treasury stock acquired, common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3.7

)

 

(3.7

)

Dividends to preferred stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

(16.5

)

 

 

 

(16.5

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(22.4

)

(22.4

)

Purchase of subsidiary shares from noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

(45.9

)

 

 

 

0.2

 

(45.7

)

Effects of reclassifying noncredit component of previously recognized impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale, net

 

 

 

 

 

9.9

 

(9.9

)

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

279.6

 

 

 

7.0

 

286.6

 

Net unrealized gains, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,806.8

 

 

 

1,806.8

 

Noncredit component of impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

(68.4

)

 

 

(68.4

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of related income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

110.8

 

 

 

110.8

 

Unrecognized postretirement benefit obligation, net of related income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

29.9

 

 

 

29.9

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,165.7

 

Balances at June 30, 2009

 

$

 

$

0.1

 

$

4.5

 

$

9,459.8

 

$

3,995.5

 

$

(3,042.4

)

$

(4,722.3

)

$

81.3

 

$

5,776.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balances at January 1, 2010

 

$

 

$

0.1

 

$

4.5

 

$

9,492.9

 

$

4,160.7

 

$

(1,042.0

)

$

(4,722.7

)

$

122.9

 

$

8,016.4

 

Common stock issued

 

 

 

 

9.1

 

 

 

 

 

9.1

 

Stock-based compensation and additional related tax benefits

 

 

 

 

23.8

 

 

 

 

 

23.8

 

Treasury stock acquired, common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2.0

)

 

(2.0

)

Dividends to preferred stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

(16.5

)

 

 

 

(16.5

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3.8

)

(3.8

)

Contributions from noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.6

 

16.6

 

Effects of implementation of accounting change related to variable interest entities, net

 

 

 

 

 

(10.7

)

10.7

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

341.3

 

 

 

6.5

 

347.8

 

Net unrealized gains, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

751.3

 

 

 

751.3

 

Noncredit component of impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

(29.6

)

 

 

(29.6

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of related income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

(61.1

)

 

 

(61.1

)

Unrecognized postretirement benefit obligation, net of related income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

19.7

 

 

 

19.7

 

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,028.1

 

Balances at June 30, 2010

 

$

 

$

0.1

 

$

4.5

 

$

9,525.8

 

$

4,474.8

 

$

(351.0

)

$

(4,724.7

)

$

142.2

 

$

9,071.7

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the six months ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

347.8

 

$

286.6

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs

 

149.9

 

36.2

 

Additions to deferred policy acquisition costs

 

(247.9

)

(253.3

)

Accrued investment income

 

23.3

 

54.5

 

Net cash flows for trading securities

 

60.6

 

38.0

 

Premiums due and other receivables

 

(32.3

)

(55.3

)

Contractholder and policyholder liabilities and dividends

 

588.2

 

820.1

 

Current and deferred income taxes

 

16.8

 

149.0

 

Net realized capital losses

 

111.9

 

218.5

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

59.3

 

68.8

 

Mortgage loans held for sale, acquired or originated

 

(27.5

)

(21.2

)

Mortgage loans held for sale, sold or repaid, net of gain

 

29.2

 

26.0

 

Real estate acquired through operating activities

 

 

(16.6

)

Real estate sold through operating activities

 

9.8

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

23.3

 

16.5

 

Other

 

371.9

 

47.1

 

Net adjustments

 

1,136.5

 

1,128.3

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

1,484.3

 

1,414.9

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases

 

(4,154.0

)

(2,968.0

)

Sales

 

1,169.9

 

1,623.7

 

Maturities

 

2,246.0

 

2,049.6

 

Mortgage loans acquired or originated

 

(437.3

)

(181.1

)

Mortgage loans sold or repaid

 

790.7

 

862.2

 

Real estate acquired

 

(18.6

)

(42.1

)

Real estate sold

 

 

1.3

 

Net purchases of property and equipment

 

(8.6

)

(16.5

)

Purchases of interest in subsidiaries, net of cash acquired

 

 

(45.7

)

Net change in other investments

 

(21.1

)

(50.6

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

$

(433.0

)

$

1,232.8

 

 

6



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(continued)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the six months ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock

 

$

9.1

 

$

1,154.4

 

Acquisition of treasury stock

 

(2.0

)

(3.7

)

Proceeds from financing element derivatives

 

39.5

 

77.9

 

Payments for financing element derivatives

 

(22.7

)

(43.7

)

Excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements

 

0.8

 

0.2

 

Dividends to preferred stockholders

 

(16.5

)

(16.5

)

Issuance of long-term debt

 

1.1

 

750.0

 

Principal repayments of long-term debt

 

(6.4

)

(21.7

)

Net proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings

 

28.0

 

(345.7

)

Investment contract deposits

 

2,133.0

 

2,681.1

 

Investment contract withdrawals

 

(3,663.1

)

(5,224.4

)

Net increase in banking operation deposits

 

37.0

 

68.1

 

Other

 

(2.2

)

(3.2

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(1,464.4

)

(927.2

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(413.1

)

1,720.5

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

2,240.4

 

2,608.0

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

1,827.3

 

$

4,328.5

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

June 30, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Principal Financial Group, Inc. (“PFG”), its majority-owned subsidiaries and its consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”), have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial statements and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2010. These interim unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our annual audited financial statements as of December 31, 2009, included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The accompanying consolidated statement of financial position as of December 31, 2009, has been derived from the audited consolidated statement of financial position but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In July 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance that requires new and expanded disclosures related to the credit quality of financing receivables and the allowance for credit losses. Reporting entities are required to provide qualitative and quantitative disclosures on the allowance for credit losses, credit quality, impaired loans, modifications and nonaccrual and past due financing receivables. The disclosures are required to be presented on a disaggregated basis by portfolio segment and class of financing receivable. Disclosures required by the guidance that relate to the end of a reporting period will be effective for us in the December 31, 2010, consolidated financial statements. Disclosures required by the guidance that relate to an activity that occurs during a reporting period will be effective for us on January 1, 2011. We do not anticipate this guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance addressing how investments held through the separate accounts of an insurance entity affect the entity’s consolidation analysis. This guidance clarifies that an insurance entity should not consider any separate account interests held for the benefit of policyholders in an investment to be the insurer’s interests and should not combine those interests with its general account interest in the same investment when assessing the investment for consolidation. This guidance will be effective for us on January 1, 2011, and will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that amends and clarifies the guidance on evaluation of credit derivatives embedded in beneficial interests in securitized financial assets, including asset-backed securities, credit-linked notes, collateralized loan obligations and collateralized debt obligations (“CDOs”). This guidance eliminates the scope exception for bifurcation of embedded credit derivatives in interests in securitized financial assets, unless they are created solely by subordination of one financial instrument to another. This guidance will be effective for us on July 1, 2010. Upon adoption of the guidance, we will elect the fair value option for our fixed maturities within the scope of this guidance, effectively reclassifying them from available-for-sale to trading, and will record a cumulative effect adjustment for the amount of unrealized gains or losses on these fixed maturities, net of tax and deferred policy acquisition costs (“DPAC”). We expect the cumulative change in accounting principle to result in a net $25.4 million decrease to retained earnings, with a corresponding increase to accumulated other comprehensive income.

 

In January 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that requires new disclosures related to fair value measurements and clarifies existing disclosure requirements about the level of disaggregation, inputs and valuation techniques. Specifically, reporting entities now must disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and describe the reasons for the transfers. In addition, in the reconciliation for Level 3 fair value measurements, a reporting entity should present separately information about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements. The guidance clarifies that a reporting entity needs to use judgment in determining the appropriate classes of assets and liabilities for disclosure of fair value measurement, considering the level of disaggregated information required by other applicable U.S. GAAP guidance and should also provide disclosures about the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for each class of assets and liabilities. This guidance was effective for us on January 1, 2010, except for the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the reconciliation for Level 3 fair value measurements, which will be effective for us on January 1, 2011. This guidance will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

8



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies — (continued)

 

In June 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance to improve the relevance, representational faithfulness and comparability of the information that a reporting entity provides in its financial reports about a transfer of financial assets; the effects of a transfer on its financial position, financial performance and cash flows; and a transferor’s continuing involvement in transferred financial assets. The most significant change is the elimination of the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity (“QSPE”). Therefore, former QSPEs, as defined under previous accounting standards, should be evaluated for consolidation by reporting entities on and after the effective date in accordance with the applicable consolidation guidance. This guidance was effective for us on January 1, 2010, and did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Also in June 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance related to the accounting for VIEs, which amends prior guidance and requires an enterprise to perform an analysis to determine whether the enterprise’s variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a VIE. This analysis identifies the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise with (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. In addition, this guidance requires ongoing reassessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a VIE. Furthermore, we are required to enhance disclosures that will provide users of financial statements with more transparent information about an enterprise’s involvement in a VIE. The enhanced disclosures are required for any enterprise that holds a variable interest in a VIE. We adopted this guidance prospectively effective January 1, 2010. Due to the implementation of this guidance, certain previously unconsolidated VIEs were consolidated and certain previously consolidated VIEs were deconsolidated. The cumulative change in accounting principle from adopting this guidance resulted in a net $10.7 million decrease to retained earnings and a net $10.7 million increase to accumulated other comprehensive income. In February 2010, the FASB issued an amendment to this guidance. The amendment indefinitely defers the consolidation requirements for reporting enterprises’ interests in entities that have the characteristics of investment companies and regulated money market funds. This amendment was effective January 1, 2010, and did not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements. The required disclosures are included in our consolidated financial statements. See Note 2, Variable Interest Entities, for further details.

 

Separate Accounts

 

At June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the separate accounts include a separate account valued at $170.8 million and $191.5 million, respectively, which primarily includes shares of our stock that were allocated and issued to eligible participants of qualified employee benefit plans administered by us as part of the policy credits issued under our 2001 demutualization. These shares are included in both basic and diluted earnings per share calculations. In the consolidated statements of financial position, the separate account shares are recorded at fair value and are reported as separate account assets with a corresponding separate account liability to eligible participants of the qualified plan. Changes in fair value of the separate account shares are reflected in both the separate account assets and separate account liabilities and do not impact our results of operations.

 

2. Variable Interest Entities

 

We have relationships with and may have a variable interest in various types of special purpose entities. Following is a discussion of our interest in entities that meet the definition of a VIE. When we are the primary beneficiary we are required to consolidate the entity in our financial statements. On January 1, 2010, we adopted authoritative guidance that changed the method of determining the primary beneficiary of a VIE. Prior to January 1, 2010, the primary beneficiary was the enterprise who absorbed the majority of the entity’s expected losses, received a majority of the expected residual returns or both. The new guidance identifies the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise with (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. The guidance also requires ongoing assessment of whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE. See further discussion of the adoption in Note 1, Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies.

 

9



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

2. Variable Interest Entities — (continued)

 

Consolidated Variable Interest Entities

 

Grantor Trusts

 

We contributed undated subordinated floating rate notes to three grantor trusts. The trusts separated the cash flows by issuing an interest-only certificate and a residual certificate related to each note contributed. Each interest-only certificate entitles the holder to interest on the stated note for a specified term, while the residual certificate entitles the holder to interest payments subsequent to the term of the interest-only certificate and to all principal payments. We retained the interest-only certificates and the residual certificates were subsequently sold to third parties.

 

We have determined these grantor trusts are VIEs due to insufficient equity to sustain them. As our interest-only certificates are exposed to the majority of the risk of loss due to interest rate risk, we determined we were the primary beneficiary prior to January 1, 2010. Beginning January 1, 2010, we determined we remain the primary beneficiary as a result of our contribution of securities into the trusts.

 

Collateralized Private Investment Vehicles

 

We invest in synthetic CDOs, collateralized bond obligations, collateralized loan obligations, collateralized commodity obligations and other collateralized structures, which are VIEs due to insufficient equity to sustain the entities (collectively known as “collateralized private investment vehicles”). The performance of the notes of these structures is primarily linked to a synthetic portfolio by derivatives; each note has a specific loss attachment and detachment point. The notes and related derivatives are collateralized by a pool of permitted investments. The investments are held by a trustee and can only be liquidated to settle obligations of the trusts. These obligations primarily include derivatives, financial guarantees and the notes due at maturity or termination of the trusts.

 

Prior to January 1, 2010, we determined we were the primary beneficiary of a certain number of these entities due to the nature of our direct investment in the VIEs. As of December 31, 2009, we consolidated five collateralized private investment vehicles with assets of $135.7 million. Upon adoption of the new accounting guidance as of January 1, 2010, we determined we were no longer the primary beneficiary of three of these entities with assets of $65.4 million. For these three entities, we do not control the decisions affecting the economic performance of the entities and we were not involved with the design of the entities. As of June 30, 2010, we continue to hold $53.8 million of investments in these entities classified on the consolidated statements of financial position as fixed maturities, available-for-sale or fixed maturities, trading. We also determined we are the primary beneficiary of two additional collateralized private investment vehicles. For all the collateralized structures consolidated as of June 30, 2010, we are the primary beneficiary because we act as the investment manager of the underlying portfolio and we have an ownership interest.

 

Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities

 

In September 2000, we sold commercial mortgage loans to a real estate mortgage investment conduit trust. The trust issued various commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) certificates using the cash flows of the underlying commercial mortgages it purchased. Prior to January 1, 2010, this entity was scoped out of the consolidation guidance as a QSPE. Based on the new accounting guidance, the previous scope exception for QSPEs no longer exists and this entity is now a VIE due to the entity having insufficient equity to sustain itself. We have determined we are the primary beneficiary as we retained the special servicing role for the assets within the trust as well as the ownership of the bond class which controls the unilateral kick out rights of the special servicer.

 

Hedge Funds

 

We are a general partner with an insignificant equity ownership in various hedge funds. These entities are deemed VIEs due to the equity owners not having decision-making ability. Before January 1, 2010, we consolidated these VIEs due to our related parties’ ownership. Beginning January 1, 2010, we continue to consolidate these entities due to our control through our management relationship, related party ownership and our fee structure in certain of these funds. These entities contain various fixed maturities held as available-for-sale and trading and equity securities held as trading.

 

10



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

2. Variable Interest Entities — (continued)

 

The carrying amounts of our consolidated VIE assets, which can only be used to settle obligations of consolidated VIEs, and liabilities of consolidated VIEs for which creditors do not have recourse are as follows:

 

 

 

Grantor trusts

 

Collateralized
private investment
vehicles

 

CMBS

 

Hedge funds
(2)

 

Total

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

234.4

 

$

14.4

 

$

 

$

 

$

248.8

 

Fixed maturities, trading

 

 

162.7

 

 

 

162.7

 

Equity securities, trading

 

 

 

 

80.1

 

80.1

 

Other investments

 

 

 

130.4

 

0.2

 

130.6

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

55.0

 

 

92.6

 

147.6

 

Accrued investment income

 

0.5

 

0.1

 

0.9

 

 

1.5

 

Premiums due and other receivables

 

 

1.5

 

 

23.4

 

24.9

 

Total assets

 

$

234.9

 

$

233.7

 

$

131.3

 

$

196.3

 

$

796.2

 

Deferred income taxes

 

$

2.5

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

2.5

 

Other liabilities (1)

 

125.8

 

161.5

 

100.1

 

63.8

 

451.2

 

Total liabilities

 

$

128.3

 

$

161.5

 

$

100.1

 

$

63.8

 

$

453.7

 

 


(1)   Grantor trusts contain an embedded derivative of a forecasted transaction to deliver the underlying securities; collateralized private investment vehicles include derivative liabilities, financial guarantees and obligation to redeem notes at maturity or termination of the trust; CMBS includes obligation to the bondholders; and hedge funds include liabilities to securities brokers.

 

(2)   The consolidated statements of financial position included a $131.8 million noncontrolling interest for hedge funds.

 

We did not provide financial or other support to investees designated as VIEs during the three or six months ended June 30, 2010.

 

Unconsolidated Variable Interest Entities

 

We hold a significant variable interest in a number of VIEs where we are not the primary beneficiary. Our investments in securities issued by these VIEs are reported in fixed maturities, available-for-sale and fixed maturities, trading in the consolidated statements of financial position and are described below.

 

VIEs include CMBS, residential mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities. All of these entities were deemed VIEs upon the removal of the QSPE scope exception because the equity within these entities is insufficient to sustain them. We currently are not the primary beneficiary in any of the entities within these categories of investments. This determination was based primarily on the fact we do not own the class of security that controls the unilateral right to replace the special servicer or equivalent function.

 

As previously discussed, we invest in several types of collateralized private investment vehicles, which are VIEs. These include cash and synthetic structures that we do not manage. We are currently not the primary beneficiary of these collateralized private investment vehicles primarily because we do not control the economic performance of the entities and were not involved with the design of the entities.

 

We have invested in various VIE trusts as a debt holder. All of these entities are classified as VIEs due to insufficient equity to sustain them. Prior to January 1, 2010, we had performed a quantitative analysis and concluded that although we held a significant variable interest in these entities we were not the primary beneficiary due to lack of majority of the risk of loss or because they were scoped out as a QSPE. Beginning January 1, 2010, we concluded we are not the primary beneficiary primarily because we do not control the economic performance of the entities and were not involved with the design of the entities.

 

11



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

2. Variable Interest Entities — (continued)

 

The carrying value and maximum loss exposure for our unconsolidated VIEs are as follows:

 

 

 

Asset carrying value

 

Maximum exposure to
loss (1)

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate

 

$

415.9

 

$

356.4

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

3,062.4

 

2,925.3

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

3,848.2

 

4,757.0

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

353.5

 

544.4

 

Other debt obligations

 

3,063.5

 

3,162.2

 

Fixed maturities, trading:

 

 

 

 

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

144.1

 

144.1

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

3.4

 

3.4

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

7.8

 

7.8

 

Other debt obligations

 

164.6

 

164.6

 

 


(1) Our risk of loss is limited to our initial investment measured at amortized cost.

 

3. Investments

 

Fixed Maturities and Equity Securities

 

Fixed maturities include bonds, asset-backed securities, redeemable preferred stock and certain nonredeemable preferred stock. Equity securities include mutual funds, common stock and nonredeemable preferred stock. We classify fixed maturities and equity securities as either available-for-sale or trading at the time of the purchase and, accordingly, carry them at fair value. See Note 9, Fair Value Measurements, for methodologies related to the determination of fair value. Unrealized gains and losses related to available-for-sale securities, excluding those in fair value hedging relationships, are reflected in stockholders’ equity, net of adjustments related to DPAC, sales inducements, unearned revenue reserves, derivatives in cash flow hedge relationships and applicable income taxes. Unrealized gains and losses related to hedged portions of available-for-sale securities in fair value hedging relationships and mark-to-market adjustments on certain trading securities are reflected in net realized capital gains (losses). We also have trading securities portfolios that support investment strategies that involve the active and frequent purchase and sale of fixed maturities. Mark-to-market adjustments related to these trading securities are reflected in net investment income.

 

The cost of fixed maturities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accrual of discounts, both computed using the interest method. The cost of fixed maturities and equity securities classified as available-for-sale is adjusted for declines in value that are other than temporary. Impairments in value deemed to be other than temporary are primarily reported in net income as a component of net realized capital gains (losses), with noncredit impairment losses for certain fixed maturities, available-for-sale reported in other comprehensive income (“OCI”). For loan-backed and structured securities, we recognize income using a constant effective yield based on currently anticipated cash flows.

 

12



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, other-than-temporary impairments in OCI and fair value of fixed maturities and equity securities available-for-sale are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

Amortized cost

 

Gross
unrealized
gains

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

Other-than-
temporary
impairments in
OCI

 

Fair value

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agencies

 

$

587.1

 

$

21.9

 

$

 

$

 

$

609.0

 

Non-U.S. governments

 

719.4

 

129.4

 

0.1

 

 

848.7

 

States and political subdivisions

 

2,283.5

 

82.1

 

7.5

 

 

2,358.1

 

Corporate

 

32,918.5

 

1,938.1

 

742.3

 

27.6

 

34,086.7

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

2,925.3

 

137.8

 

0.7

 

 

3,062.4

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

4,757.0

 

74.9

 

793.9

 

189.8

 

3,848.2

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

544.4

 

1.1

 

155.3

 

36.7

 

353.5

 

Other debt obligations

 

3,162.2

 

73.2

 

89.6

 

82.3

 

3,063.5

 

Total fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

47,897.4

 

$

2,458.5

 

$

1,789.4

 

$

336.4

 

$

48,230.1

 

Total equity securities, available-for-sale

 

$

194.7

 

$

6.2

 

$

29.6

 

 

 

$

171.3

 

December 31, 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agencies

 

$

550.1

 

$

9.1

 

$

0.5

 

$

 

$

558.7

 

Non-U.S. governments

 

741.5

 

114.8

 

1.4

 

 

854.9

 

States and political subdivisions

 

2,008.7

 

53.4

 

13.5

 

 

2,048.6

 

Corporate

 

32,767.0

 

1,296.8

 

1,075.0

 

58.0

 

32,930.8

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

3,049.5

 

87.4

 

3.8

 

 

3,133.1

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

4,898.0

 

20.9

 

1,211.5

 

107.7

 

3,599.7

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

607.5

 

1.8

 

200.7

 

39.0

 

369.6

 

Other debt obligations

 

2,994.1

 

34.6

 

229.8

 

73.7

 

2,725.2

 

Total fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

47,616.4

 

$

1,618.8

 

$

2,736.2

 

$

278.4

 

$

46,220.6

 

Total equity securities, available-for-sale

 

$

231.1

 

$

17.2

 

$

34.3

 

 

 

$

214.0

 

 

The amortized cost and fair value of fixed maturities available-for-sale as of June 30, 2010, by contractual maturity, were as follows:

 

 

 

Amortized cost

 

Fair value

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Due in one year or less

 

$

2,336.8

 

$

2,378.2

 

Due after one year through five years

 

13,519.2

 

14,066.3

 

Due after five years through ten years

 

9,289.3

 

9,735.4

 

Due after ten years

 

11,363.2

 

11,722.6

 

Subtotal

 

36,508.5

 

37,902.5

 

Mortgage-backed and other asset-backed securities

 

11,388.9

 

10,327.6

 

Total

 

$

47,897.4

 

$

48,230.1

 

 

Actual maturities may differ because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations. Our portfolio is diversified by industry, issuer and asset class. Credit concentrations are managed to established limits.

 

13



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

Net Realized Capital Gains and Losses

 

Net realized capital gains and losses on sales of investments are determined on the basis of specific identification. In general, in addition to realized capital gains and losses on investment sales and periodic settlements on derivatives not designated as hedges, gains and losses related to other-than-temporary impairments, certain trading securities, certain seed money investments, fair value hedge and cash flow hedge ineffectiveness, mark-to-market adjustments on derivatives not designated as hedges, changes in the mortgage loan valuation allowance and impairments of real estate held for investment are reported as net realized capital gains (losses). Investment gains and losses on sales of certain real estate held for sale, which do not meet the criteria for classification as a discontinued operation, are reported as net investment income and are excluded from net realized capital gains (losses). We also have trading securities portfolios that support investment strategies that involve the active and frequent purchase and sale of fixed maturities for which the mark-to-market adjustments are reported as net investment income and are excluded from net realized capital gains (losses). The major components of net realized capital gains (losses) on investments are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30,

 

For the six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross gains

 

$

21.8

 

$

14.2

 

$

40.8

 

$

63.6

 

Gross losses

 

(129.4

)

(193.6

)

(223.0

)

(350.4

)

Portion of other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in OCI

 

52.6

 

66.5

 

58.0

 

117.1

 

Hedging, net

 

129.9

 

(180.2

)

176.6

 

(233.6

)

Fixed maturities, trading

 

4.0

 

18.2

 

14.5

 

41.8

 

Equity securities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross gains

 

0.3

 

5.7

 

7.8

 

12.5

 

Gross losses

 

(0.6

)

(13.5

)

(2.1

)

(14.1

)

Equity securities, trading

 

(0.1

)

20.3

 

7.8

 

10.7

 

Mortgage loans

 

(82.4

)

(41.1

)

(108.4

)

(76.6

)

Derivatives

 

(157.2

)

193.9

 

(206.9

)

262.1

 

Other

 

94.7

 

(45.6

)

123.0

 

(51.6

)

Net realized capital losses

 

$

(66.4

)

$

(155.2

)

$

(111.9

)

$

(218.5

)

 

Proceeds from sales of investments (excluding call and maturity proceeds) in fixed maturities, available-for-sale were $0.5 billion and $0.7 billion for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, and $1.1 billion and $1.6 billion for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

Other-Than-Temporary Impairments

 

We have a process in place to identify fixed maturities and equity securities that could potentially have a credit impairment that is other than temporary. This process involves monitoring market events that could impact issuers’ credit ratings, business climate, management changes, litigation and government actions and other similar factors. This process also involves monitoring late payments, pricing levels, downgrades by rating agencies, key financial ratios, financial statements, revenue forecasts and cash flow projections as indicators of credit issues.

 

Each reporting period, all securities are reviewed to determine whether an other-than-temporary decline in value exists and whether losses should be recognized. We consider relevant facts and circumstances in evaluating whether a credit or interest rate-related impairment of a security is other than temporary. Relevant facts and circumstances considered include: (1) the extent and length of time the fair value has been below cost; (2) the reasons for the decline in value; (3) the financial position and access to capital of the issuer, including the current and future impact of any specific events and (4) for fixed maturities, our intent to sell a security or whether it is more likely than not we will be required to sell the security before the recovery of its amortized cost which, in some cases, may extend to maturity and for equity securities, our ability and intent to hold the security for a period of time that allows for the recovery in value. To the extent we determine that a security is deemed to be other than temporarily impaired, an impairment loss is recognized.

 

14



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

Impairment losses on equity securities are recognized in net income. The way in which impairment losses on fixed maturities are recognized in the financial statements is dependent on the facts and circumstances related to the specific security. If we intend to sell a security or it is more likely than not that we would be required to sell a security before the recovery of its amortized cost, less any current period credit loss, we recognize an other-than-temporary impairment in net income for the difference between amortized cost and fair value. If we do not expect to recover the amortized cost basis, we do not plan to sell the security and if it is not more likely than not that we would be required to sell a security before the recovery of its amortized cost, less any current period credit loss, the recognition of the other-than-temporary impairment is bifurcated. We recognize the credit loss portion in net income and the noncredit loss portion in OCI.

 

We estimate the amount of the credit loss component of a fixed maturity security impairment as the difference between amortized cost and the present value of the expected cash flows of the security. The present value is determined using the best estimate cash flows discounted at the effective interest rate implicit to the security at the date of purchase or the current yield to accrete an asset-backed or floating rate security. The methodology and assumptions for establishing the best estimate cash flows vary depending on the type of security. The asset-backed securities cash flow estimates are based on bond specific facts and circumstances that may include collateral characteristics, expectations of delinquency and default rates, loss severity and prepayment speeds and structural support, including subordination and guarantees. The corporate bond cash flow estimates are derived from scenario-based outcomes of expected corporate restructurings or liquidations using bond specific facts and circumstances including timing, security interests and loss severity.

 

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities, were as follows:

 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30,

 

For the six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

(106.9

)

$

(193.1

)

$

(195.5

)

$

(345.8

)

Equity securities, available-for-sale

 

(0.2

)

(7.8

)

3.8

 

(1.7

)

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities

 

$

(107.1

)

$

(200.9

)

$

(191.7

)

$

(347.5

)

 

The other-than-temporary impairments on fixed maturities for which an amount related to credit losses was recognized in net realized capital gains (losses) and an amount related to noncredit losses was recognized in OCI is summarized as follows:

 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30,

 

For the six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Total other-than-temporary impairments on fixed maturities for which an amount related to noncredit losses was recognized in OCI (1)

 

$

(94.8

)

$

(100.1

)

$

(158.6

)

$

(199.3

)

Noncredit loss recognized in OCI

 

52.6

 

66.5

 

58.0

 

117.1

 

Credit loss impairment recognized in net realized capital losses

 

$

(42.2

)

$

(33.6

)

$

(100.6

)

$

(82.2

)

 


(1)  For the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, total other-than-temporary impairment losses on available-for-sale securities reported in the consolidated statements of operations also include $12.1 million and $93.0 million, respectively, of impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities, on fixed maturities and $0.2 million and $7.8 million, respectively, of impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities, on equity securities for which total impairment losses are recognized in net income.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, total other-than-temporary impairment losses on available-for-sale securities reported in the consolidated statements of operations also include $36.9 million and $146.5 million, respectively, of impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities, on fixed maturities and $3.8 million of net recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities and $1.7 million of impairment losses, net of recoveries from the sale of previously impaired securities, respectively, on equity securities for which total impairment losses are recognized in net income.

 

15



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

The following table provides a rollforward of credit losses on fixed maturities recognized in net income (“bifurcated credit losses”) for which a portion of an other-than-temporary impairment was recognized in OCI. The purpose of the table is to provide detail of (1) additions to the bifurcated credit loss amounts recognized for the period and (2) decrements for previously recognized bifurcated credit losses where the loss is no longer bifurcated and/or there has been a positive change in expected cash flows or accretion of the bifurcated credit loss amount.

 

 

 

For the three months ended June 30,

 

For the six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

(262.7

)

$

(67.1

)

$

(204.7

)

$

(18.5

)

Credit losses for which an other-than-temporary impairment was not previously recognized

 

(39.4

)

(24.3

)

(94.2

)

(72.3

)

Credit losses for which an other-than-temporary impairment was previously recognized

 

(23.9

)

(9.6

)

(46.1

)

(10.2

)

Reduction for credit losses previously recognized on securities now sold or intended to be sold

 

21.1

 

0.3

 

39.7

 

0.3

 

Reduction for positive changes in cash flows expected to be collected and amortization (1)

 

1.9

 

0.1

 

2.3

 

0.1

 

Ending balance

 

$

(303.0

)

$

(100.6

)

$

(303.0

)

$

(100.6

)

 


(1) Amounts are recognized in net investment income.

 

Gross Unrealized Losses for Fixed Maturities and Equity Securities

 

For fixed maturities and equity securities available-for-sale with unrealized losses, including other-than-temporary impairment losses reported in OCI, as of June 30, 2010, the gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities were in a continuous unrealized loss position are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

June 30, 2010

 

 

 

Less than
twelve months

 

Greater than or
equal to twelve months

 

Total

 

 

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agencies

 

$

11.2

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

11.2

 

$

 

Non-U.S. governments

 

8.4

 

0.1

 

 

 

8.4

 

0.1

 

States and political subdivisions

 

150.3

 

2.6

 

139.6

 

4.9

 

289.9

 

7.5

 

Corporate

 

1,718.5

 

67.7

 

5,250.9

 

702.2

 

6,969.4

 

769.9

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

142.7

 

0.6

 

0.6

 

0.1

 

143.3

 

0.7

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

313.4

 

5.5

 

1,698.3

 

978.2

 

2,011.7

 

983.7

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

1.5

 

0.4

 

338.4

 

191.6

 

339.9

 

192.0

 

Other debt obligations

 

252.0

 

2.0

 

749.9

 

169.9

 

1,001.9

 

171.9

 

Total fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

2,598.0

 

$

78.9

 

$

8,177.7

 

$

2,046.9

 

$

10,775.7

 

$

2,125.8

 

Total equity securities, available-for-sale

 

$

17.6

 

$

6.7

 

$

92.9

 

$

22.9

 

$

110.5

 

$

29.6

 

 

Of the total amounts, Principal Life Insurance Company’s (“Principal Life”) consolidated portfolio represented $10,499.3 million in available-for-sale fixed maturities with gross unrealized losses of $2,081.5 million. Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio consists of fixed maturities where 75% were investment grade (rated AAA through BBB-) with an average price of 83 (carrying value/amortized cost) at June 30, 2010. Gross unrealized losses in our fixed maturities portfolio decreased during the first half of 2010, primarily due to a decline in interest rates. The decrease is primarily attributed to the corporate and commercial mortgage-backed securities sectors.

 

16



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

For those securities that had been in a loss position for less than twelve months, Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio held 294 securities with a carrying value of $2,587.9 million and unrealized losses of $78.8 million reflecting an average price of 97 at June 30, 2010. Of this portfolio, 86% was investment grade (rated AAA through BBB-) at June 30, 2010, with associated unrealized losses of $52.7 million. The losses on these securities can primarily be attributed to changes in market interest rates and changes in credit spreads since the securities were acquired.

 

For those securities that had been in a continuous loss position greater than or equal to twelve months, Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio held 1,077 securities with a carrying value of $7,911.4 million and unrealized losses of $2,002.7 million. The average rating of this portfolio was BBB+ with an average price of 80 at June 30, 2010. Of the $ 2,002.7 million in unrealized losses, the commercial mortgage-backed securities sector accounts for $978.2 million in unrealized losses with an average price of 63 and an average credit rating of A-. The remaining unrealized losses consist primarily of $657.9 million within the corporate sector at June 30, 2010. The average price of the corporate sector was 88 and the average credit rating was BBB. The losses on these securities can primarily be attributed to changes in market interest rates and changes in credit spreads since the securities were acquired.

 

For fixed maturities and equity securities available-for-sale with unrealized losses, including other-than-temporary impairment losses reported in OCI, as of December 31, 2009, the gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities were in a continuous unrealized loss position are summarized as follows:

 

 

 

December 31, 2009

 

 

 

Less than
twelve months

 

Greater than or
equal to twelve months

 

Total

 

 

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

Carrying
value

 

Gross
unrealized
losses

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Fixed maturities, available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government and agencies

 

$

32.7

 

$

0.4

 

$

1.0

 

$

0.1

 

$

33.7

 

$

0.5

 

Non-U.S. governments

 

24.6

 

0.5

 

36.6

 

0.9

 

61.2

 

1.4

 

States and political subdivisions

 

242.8

 

1.9

 

247.9

 

11.6

 

490.7

 

13.5

 

Corporate

 

2,595.9

 

69.2

 

7,958.2

 

1,063.8

 

10,554.1

 

1,133.0

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

491.9

 

3.7

 

0.6

 

0.1

 

492.5

 

3.8

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

468.1

 

16.7

 

2,217.3

 

1,302.5

 

2,685.4

 

1,319.2

 

Collateralized debt obligations

 

 

 

366.1

 

239.7

 

366.1

 

239.7

 

Other debt obligations

 

335.4

 

23.4

 

902.3

 

280.1

 

1,237.7

 

303.5

 

Total fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

$

4,191.4

 

$

115.8

 

$

11,730.0

 

$

2,898.8

 

$

15,921.4

 

$

3,014.6

 

Total equity securities, available-for-sale

 

$

4.4

 

$

0.1

 

$

116.1

 

$

34.2

 

$

120.5

 

$

34.3

 

 

Of the total amounts, Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio represented $14,979.2 million in available-for-sale fixed maturities with unrealized losses of $2,928.9 million. Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio consists of fixed maturities where 83% were investment grade (rated AAA through BBB-) with an average price of 84 (carrying value/amortized cost) at December 31, 2009. Due to the credit disruption that began in the last half of 2007 and continued into first quarter of 2009, which reduced liquidity and led to wider credit spreads, we saw an increase in unrealized losses in our securities portfolio. The unrealized losses were more pronounced in the corporate sector and in structured products, such as commercial mortgage-backed securities, collateralized debt obligations and asset-backed securities (included in other debt obligations). During the second quarter of 2009 and continuing through the end of the year, a narrowing of credit spreads and improvement in liquidity resulted in a decrease in the unrealized losses in our securities portfolio relative to year-end 2008.

 

For those securities that had been in a loss position for less than twelve months, Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio held 406 securities with a carrying value of $3,739.3 million and unrealized losses of $100.5 million reflecting an average price of 97 at December 31, 2009. Of this portfolio, 97% was investment grade (rated AAA through BBB-) at December 31, 2009, with associated unrealized losses of $82.7 million. The losses on these securities can primarily be attributed to changes in market interest rates and changes in credit spreads since the securities were acquired.

 

17



Table of Contents

 

Principal Financial Group, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (continued)

June 30, 2010
(Unaudited)

 

3. Investments (continued)

 

For those securities that had been in a continuous loss position greater than or equal to twelve months, Principal Life’s consolidated portfolio held 1,481 securities with a carrying value of $11,239.9 million and unrealized losses of $2,828.4 million. The average rating of this portfolio was BBB+ with an average price of 80 at December 31, 2009. Of the $2,828.4 million in unrealized losses, the commercial mortgage-backed securities sector accounts for $1,302.5 million in unrealized losses with an average price of 63 and an average credit rating of AA-. The remaining unrealized losses consist primarily of $993.5 million within the corporate sector at December 31, 2009. The average price of the corporate sector was 88 and the average credit rating was BBB. The losses on these securities can primarily be attributed to changes in market interest rates and changes in credit spreads since the securities were acquired.

 

Because it was not our intent to sell the fixed maturities, available-for-sale with unrealized losses and it was not more likely than not that we would be required to sell these securities before recovery of the amortized cost, which may be maturity, we did not consider these investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

 

Net Unrealized Gains and Losses on Available-for-Sale Securities and Derivative Instruments

 

The net unrealized gains and losses on investments in fixed maturities, available-for-sale; equity securities, available-for-sale and derivative instruments are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. The cumulative amount of net unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities and derivative instruments net of adjustments related to DPAC, sales inducements, unearned revenue reserves, changes in policyholder benefits and claims and applicable income taxes was as follows:

 

 

 

June 30, 2010

 

December 31, 2009

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Net unrealized gains (losses) on fixed maturities, available-for-sale (1)

 

$

644.9

 

$

(1,117.4

)

Noncredit component of impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale

 

(336.4

)

(260.9

)

Net unrealized losses on equity securities, available-for-sale

 

(23.4

)

(17.1

)

Adjustments for assumed changes in amortization patterns

 

(163.2

)

211.9

 

Adjustments for assumed changes in liability for policyholder benefits and claims

 

(209.6

)

(75.7

)

Net unrealized gains on derivative instruments

 

65.9

 

16.8

 

Net unrealized gains on equity method subsidiaries and noncontrolling interest adjustments

 

121.6

 

214.1

 

Provision for deferred income tax benefits (taxes)

 

(18.6

)

397.7

 

Effect of implementation of accounting change related to variable interest entities, net

 

10.7

 

 

Effect of reclassifying noncredit component of previously recognized impairment losses on fixed maturities, available-for-sale, net

 

 

(9.9

)

Net unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities and derivative instruments

 

$

91.9

 

$

(640.5

)

 


(1)     Excludes net unrealized gains (losses) on hedged portions of fixed maturities, available-for-sale included in fair value hedging relationships.

 

Securities Posted as Collateral

 

We posted $1,012.7 million in fixed maturities as of June 30, 2010, to satisfy collateral requirements primarily associated with a reinsurance arrangement and our derivative credit support annex (collateral) agreements. In addition, we posted $1,679.2 million in commercial mortgage loans as of June 30, 2010, to satisfy collateral requirements associated with our obligation under funding agreements with the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines.

 

18