10-Q 1 a2015q110-q.htm 10-Q 2015 Q1 10-Q
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
___________________________________
Form 10-Q 
___________________________________
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 1-15967
___________________________________
The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
___________________________________
Delaware
22-3725387
(State of
incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
103 JFK Parkway, Short Hills, NJ
07078
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (973) 921-5500
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one:)
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Title of Class
 
Shares Outstanding at March 31, 2015
Common Stock,
 
36,035,174
 par value $0.01 per share
 
 
 



THE DUN & BRADSTREET CORPORATION
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
Page
 
PART I. UNAUDITED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 
 
 
 

2


PART I. UNAUDITED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
Revenue
$
376.2

 
$
381.9

Operating Expenses
134.6

 
128.3

Selling and Administrative Expenses
155.7

 
150.5

Depreciation and Amortization
14.9

 
15.9

Restructuring Charge
4.8

 
4.9

Operating Costs
310.0

 
299.6

Operating Income
66.2

 
82.3

Interest Income
0.4

 
0.4

Interest Expense
(11.4
)
 
(10.6
)
Other Income (Expense) - Net
1.4

 
(23.3
)
Non-Operating Income (Expense) - Net
(9.6
)
 
(33.5
)
Income Before Provision for Income Taxes and Equity in Net Income of Affiliates
56.6

 
48.8

Less: Provision for Income Taxes (Benefit)
15.4

 
(36.7
)
Equity in Net Income of Affiliates
0.7

 
0.5

Net Income
41.9

 
86.0

Less: Net (Income) Loss Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest
(0.9
)
 
(0.7
)
Net Income Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet
$
41.0

 
$
85.3

Basic Earnings Per Share of Common Stock Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet Common Shareholders
$
1.14

 
$
2.28

Diluted Earnings Per Share of Common Stock Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet Common Shareholders
$
1.13

 
$
2.26

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding-Basic
36.0

 
37.4

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding-Diluted
36.4

 
37.7

Cash Dividend Paid Per Common Share
$
0.46

 
$
0.44

Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax
 
 
 
Net Income
$
41.9

 
$
86.0

Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments, no Tax Impact
(43.7
)
 
(3.4
)
Defined Benefit Pension Plans:
 
 
 
Prior Service Costs, Net of Tax Income (Expense) (1)
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
Net Actuarial Gain (Loss), Net of Tax Income (Expense) (2)
6.6

 
5.6

Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax
4.7

 
88.0

Less: Comprehensive (Income) Loss Attributable to the Noncontrolling Interest
(0.7
)
 
(0.8
)
Comprehensive Income Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet
$
4.0

 
$
87.2

(1)
No tax impact during the three months ended March 31, 2015. Tax Income (Expense) of $0.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014.
(2)
Tax Income (Expense) of $(3.7) million and $(3.0) million during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(Amounts in millions, 
except per share data)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
355.2

 
$
319.4

Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance of $20.6 at March 31, 2015 and $21.0 at December 31, 2014
458.2

 
527.1

Other Receivables
8.5

 
5.9

Prepaid Taxes
6.7

 
7.5

Deferred Income Tax
21.1

 
22.6

Other Prepaids
31.9

 
37.2

Assets Held for Sale
8.5

 
8.5

Other Current Assets
5.7

 
7.7

Total Current Assets
895.8

 
935.9

Non-Current Assets
 
 
 
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net of Accumulated Depreciation of $83.4 at March 31, 2015 and $82.7 at December 31, 2014
27.2

 
27.4

Computer Software, Net of Accumulated Amortization of $355.1 at March 31, 2015 and $350.7 at December 31, 2014
104.5

 
103.7

Goodwill
639.8

 
575.2

Deferred Income Tax
212.4

 
219.0

Other Receivables
10.5

 
12.6

Other Intangibles
92.5

 
61.6

Other Non-Current Assets
45.0

 
50.8

Total Non-Current Assets
1,131.9

 
1,050.3

Total Assets
$
2,027.7

 
$
1,986.2

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts Payable
$
56.9

 
$
31.4

Accrued Payroll
63.8

 
105.6

Accrued Income Tax
22.2

 
21.7

Short-Term Debt
300.8

 
301.1

Other Accrued and Current Liabilities (Note 6)
118.0

 
114.2

Deferred Revenue
610.8

 
584.9

Total Current Liabilities
1,172.5

 
1,158.9

Pension and Postretirement Benefits
576.2

 
588.2

Long-Term Debt
1,402.7

 
1,352.2

Liabilities for Unrecognized Tax Benefits
27.4

 
30.7

Other Non-Current Liabilities
50.2

 
50.8

Total Liabilities
3,229.0

 
3,180.8

Contingencies (Note 7)

 

EQUITY
 
 
 
DUN & BRADSTREET SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
 
 
Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share, authorized - 0.5 shares; outstanding - none

 

Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share, authorized - 9.5 shares; outstanding - none

 

Series Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share, authorized - 10.0 shares; outstanding - none

 

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share, authorized - 200.0 shares; issued - 81.9 shares
0.8

 
0.8

Capital Surplus
279.0

 
279.3

Retained Earnings
2,855.3

 
2,831.1

Treasury Stock, at cost, 45.9 shares at March 31, 2015 and 46.0 shares at December 31, 2014
(3,386.6
)
 
(3,392.4
)
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(959.1
)
 
(922.1
)
Total Dun & Bradstreet Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(1,210.6
)
 
(1,203.3
)
Noncontrolling Interest
9.3

 
8.7

Total Equity (Deficit)
(1,201.3
)
 
(1,194.6
)
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
$
2,027.7

 
$
1,986.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4


The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Amounts in millions)
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net Income
$
41.9

 
$
86.0

Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and Amortization
14.9

 
15.9

Amortization of Unrecognized Pension Loss
10.2

 
8.3

Income Tax Benefit from Stock-Based Awards
4.3

 
3.0

Excess Tax Benefit on Stock-Based Awards
(2.0
)
 
(1.1
)
Equity-Based Compensation
2.3

 
2.0

Restructuring Charge
4.8

 
4.9

Restructuring Payments
(2.8
)
 
(5.9
)
Changes in Deferred Income Taxes, Net
(2.6
)
 
(62.0
)
Changes in Accrued Income Taxes, Net
0.2

 
5.7

Changes in Current Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
 
Decrease (Increase) in Accounts Receivable
65.8

 
68.2

Decrease (Increase) in Other Current Assets
8.3

 
2.0

Increase (Decrease) in Deferred Revenue
28.9

 
26.6

Increase (Decrease) in Accounts Payable
26.4

 
9.1

(Decrease) Increase in Accrued Liabilities
(44.6
)
 
(25.4
)
Increase (Decrease) in Other Accrued and Current Liabilities
9.1

 
9.1

Changes in Non-Current Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
 
Decrease (Increase) in Other Long-Term Assets
4.8

 
27.9

Net (Decrease) Increase in Long-Term Liabilities
(12.2
)
 
(14.8
)
Net, Other Non-Cash Adjustments
1.1

 
1.0

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
158.8

 
160.5

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Payments for Acquisitions of Businesses, Net of Cash Acquired
(124.2
)
 

Cash Settlements of Foreign Currency Contracts
(9.1
)
 
(4.7
)
Capital Expenditures
(2.1
)
 
(2.3
)
Additions to Computer Software and Other Intangibles
(11.9
)
 
(9.7
)
Net, Other
(0.1
)
 

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
(147.4
)
 
(16.7
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Payments for Purchases of Treasury Shares

 
(98.0
)
Net Proceeds from Stock-Based Awards
0.8

 
1.5

Payments of Dividends
(16.6
)
 
(16.3
)
Proceeds from Borrowings on Credit Facilities
462.1

 
116.4

Payments of Borrowings on Credit Facilities
(411.6
)
 
(118.4
)
Excess Tax Benefit on Stock-Based Awards
2.0

 
1.1

Capital Lease and Other Long-Term Financing Obligation Payment
(0.1
)
 

Net, Other
(0.1
)
 

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities
36.5

 
(113.7
)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(12.1
)
 
2.3

Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents
35.8

 
32.4

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period
319.4

 
235.9

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period
$
355.2

 
$
268.3

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash Paid for:
 
 
 
Income Taxes, Net of Refunds
$
13.6

 
$
16.6

Interest
$
1.9

 
$
1.3


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5


The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Amounts in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Stock ($0.01
Par Value)
 
Capital
Surplus
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustment
 

Pension
Liability
Adjustment
 
Derivative
Financial
Instrument
 
Total Dun & Bradstreet
Shareholders’
Equity
(Deficit)
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
(Deficit)
Balance, December 31, 2013
$
0.8

 
$
270.0

 
$
2,600.9

 
$
(3,181.3
)
 
$
(186.7
)
 
$
(552.2
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(1,048.4
)
 
$
6.1

 
$
(1,042.3
)
Net Income

 

 
85.3

 

 

 

 

 
85.3

 
0.7

 
86.0

Equity-Based Plans

 
(0.4
)
 

 
7.2

 

 

 

 
6.8

 

 
6.8

Treasury Shares Acquired

 

 

 
(98.0
)
 

 

 

 
(98.0
)
 

 
(98.0
)
Pension Adjustments, net of tax of $2.9

 

 

 

 

 
5.4

 

 
5.4

 

 
5.4

Dividend Declared

 

 
(16.4
)
 

 

 

 

 
(16.4
)
 

 
(16.4
)
Change in Cumulative Translation Adjustment

 

 

 

 
(3.4
)
 

 

 
(3.4
)
 

 
(3.4
)
Balance, March 31, 2014
$
0.8

 
$
269.6

 
$
2,669.8

 
$
(3,272.1
)
 
$
(190.1
)
 
$
(546.8
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(1,068.7
)
 
$
6.8

 
$
(1,061.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2014
$
0.8

 
$
279.3

 
$
2,831.1

 
$
(3,392.4
)
 
$
(233.4
)
 
$
(688.7
)
 
$

 
$
(1,203.3
)
 
$
8.7

 
$
(1,194.6
)
Net Income

 

 
41.0

 

 

 

 

 
41.0

 
0.9

 
41.9

Payment to Noncontrolling Interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
Equity-Based Plans

 
(0.3
)
 

 
5.8

 

 

 

 
5.5

 

 
5.5

Pension Adjustments, net of tax of $3.7

 

 

 

 

 
6.5

 

 
6.5

 

 
6.5

Dividend Declared

 

 
(16.8
)
 

 

 

 

 
(16.8
)
 

 
(16.8
)
Change in Cumulative Translation Adjustment

 

 

 

 
(43.5
)
 

 

 
(43.5
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(43.7
)
Balance, March 31, 2015
$
0.8

 
$
279.0

 
$
2,855.3

 
$
(3,386.6
)
 
$
(276.9
)
 
$
(682.2
)
 
$

 
$
(1,210.6
)
 
$
9.3

 
$
(1,201.3
)



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


THE DUN & BRADSTREET CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)
Note 1 --
Basis of Presentation
These interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. They should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes, which appear in The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation’s (“Dun & Bradstreet” or “we” or “us” or “our” or the “Company”) Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. The unaudited consolidated results for interim periods do not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for annual financial statements and are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year or any subsequent period. In the opinion of our management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair statement of the unaudited consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows at the dates and for the periods presented have been included.
All inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
On January 1, 2015, to further align with our strategy, we began reporting our business through two segments:
Americas (which consists of our operations in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada and Latin America); and
Non-Americas (which primarily consists of our operations in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”), the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia, Greater China, India and our Worldwide Network).
Prior to January 1, 2015, we managed and reported our business through the following three segments:
North America (which consisted of our operations in the U.S. and Canada);
Asia Pacific (which primarily consisted of our operations in Australia, Greater China, India and Asia Pacific Worldwide Network); and
Europe and other International Markets (which primarily consisted of our operations in the U.K., the Netherlands, Belgium, Latin America and our European Worldwide Network).
In addition to the changes in our segment reporting that became effective January 1, 2015 that further align our external reporting with our strategy, we also began reporting and monitoring the performance of our Risk Management Solutions as Trade Credit and Other Enterprise Risk Management, and the results of our Sales & Marketing Solutions as Traditional Prospecting Solutions and Advanced Marketing Solutions. Trade Credit represents our traditional commercial credit products such as DNBi. Other Enterprise Risk Management includes all of our remaining Risk Management products, such as our compliance, supply chain and D&B Direct risk solutions. Traditional Prospecting Solutions includes our Hoovers, Market Data Retrieval (“MDR”) and marketing list solutions. Advanced Marketing Solutions includes all of our remaining Sales & Marketing Solutions products including Optimizer and DaaS (Customer Relationship Management (“CRM”) and D&B Direct sales and marketing solutions).
The financial statements of the subsidiaries outside of the U.S. and Canada reflect results for the three months ended February 28 in order to facilitate the timely reporting of the unaudited consolidated financial results and unaudited consolidated financial position.
Where appropriate, we have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation.
Note 2 --
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
We consider the applicability and impact of all Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU’s”). The ASU's not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on our consolidated financial position and/or results of operations.
In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2015-05 “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement.” This standard provides guidance to assist an entity in evaluating the accounting for fees paid by a customer in a cloud computing arrangement. Specifically, the amendments in this update provide guidance to customers related to whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If the cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, the guidance requires that the customer account for the software license element of the arrangement in a manner consistent with the

7

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


acquisition of other software licenses. Where the arrangement does not include a software license, the guidance requires the customer to account for the arrangement as a service contract. The amendments in this update apply only to internal-use software that a customer obtains access to in a hosting arrangement if certain criteria are met. The new standard supersedes certain guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350-40 “Internal-Use Software” which will require the accounting for all software licenses within the scope of such guidance to be consistent with the accounting for other licenses of intangible assets. The standard is effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within those fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2015. The guidance may be applied: (i) prospectively to all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date, or (ii) retrospectively. The standard requires additional disclosures under each method of adoption. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently assessing the impact of the adoption of this authoritative guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03 “Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.” The new standard requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability in a manner consistent with the treatment for debt discounts. The amendments in this update do not affect the recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs. In addition, the ASU requires that the amortization of debt issuance costs be reported as interest expense. The standard is effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within those fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2015. The guidance should be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements, subject to the disclosure requirements for a change in an accounting principle. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. We do not expect that the adoption of this authoritative guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01 “Income Statement Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items.” This standard eliminates such concept from existing GAAP. Under the new guidance an entity is no longer required to: (i) segregate an extraordinary item from the results of ordinary operations; (ii) separately present an extraordinary item on its income statement, net of tax, after income from continuing operations; or (iii) disclose income taxes and earnings-per share data applicable to an extraordinary item. The new standard retains the existing requirement to separately present on a pre-tax basis within income from continuing operations items that are of an unusual nature or occur infrequently. Additionally, the new standard requires similar separate presentation of items that are both unusual and infrequent in nature. The standard is effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within those fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2015. The guidance may be applied prospectively or retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements, with additional disclosures for entities electing prospective application. Early application is permitted as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. We do not expect that the adoption of this authoritative guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-17 “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Pushdown Accounting (a Consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force).” This standard provides an acquired business the option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements upon a change-in-control event. Concurrently, the SEC eliminated its guidance under SAB Topic 5.J. “New Basis of Accounting Required in Certain Circumstances” which had required or precluded pushdown accounting based on the percentage of ownership. The standard became effective upon issuance for new change-in-control events or to the most recent change-in-control event. An acquiree may elect to apply pushdown accounting retrospectively, as a change in accounting principle, for its most recent change-in-control event for which it did not previously apply pushdown accounting. The new standard requires the acquiree to provide certain disclosures upon election of pushdown accounting consistent with those required under the guidance for business combinations. The adoption of this authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes and replaces nearly all existing GAAP revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The authoritative guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The five steps are: (i) identify the contract with the customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) recognize revenue when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. The authoritative guidance applies to all contracts with customers except those that are within the scope of other topics in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The authoritative guidance requires significantly expanded disclosures about revenue recognition and was initially effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within these fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2016. In April 2015, the FASB proposed to defer for one year the effective date of this standard. The proposed deferral would result in this standard being effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. In addition, the proposal permits entities to early adopt the standard,

8

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


however no earlier than the original effective date. Companies have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified approach to adopting the authoritative guidance. We are currently assessing the impact of the adoption of this authoritative guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-08, “Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity,” which changes the requirements for reporting discontinued operations by limiting it to disposals representing a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on the entity’s operations and financial results. An entity is now required to: (i) present the assets and liabilities of a disposal group that includes a discontinued operation separately in the statement of financial position; and (ii) expand disclosures about the discontinued operations. The authoritative guidance was effective for fiscal years and the interim periods within those fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2014 and should be applied on a prospective basis. The adoption of this authoritative guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Note 3 -- Restructuring Charge
We incurred restructuring charges (which generally consist of employee severance and termination costs, contract terminations and/or costs to terminate lease obligations less assumed sublease income). These charges were incurred as a result of eliminating, consolidating, standardizing and/or automating our business functions.
Restructuring charges have been recorded in accordance with ASC 712-10, “Nonretirement Postemployment Benefits,” or “ASC 712-10” and/or ASC 420-10, “Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations,” or “ASC 420-10,” as appropriate.
We record severance costs provided under an ongoing benefit arrangement once they are both probable and estimable in accordance with the provisions of ASC 712-10.
We account for one-time termination benefits, contract terminations and/or costs to terminate lease obligations less assumed sublease income in accordance with ASC 420-10, which addresses financial accounting and reporting for costs associated with restructuring activities. Under ASC 420-10, we establish a liability for costs associated with an exit or disposal activity, including severance and lease termination obligations, and other related costs, when the liability is incurred, rather than at the date that we commit to an exit plan. We reassess the expected cost to complete the exit or disposal activities at the end of each reporting period and adjust our remaining estimated liabilities, if necessary.
The determination of when we accrue for severance costs and which standard applies depends on whether the termination benefits are provided under an ongoing arrangement as described in ASC 712-10 or under a one-time benefit arrangement as defined by ASC 420-10. Inherent in the estimation of the costs related to the restructurings are assessments related to the most likely expected outcome of the significant actions to accomplish the exit activities. In determining the charges related to the restructurings, we had to make estimates related to the expenses associated with the restructurings. These estimates may vary significantly from actual costs depending, in part, upon factors that may be beyond our control. We will continue to review the status of our restructuring obligations on a quarterly basis and, if appropriate, record changes to these obligations in current operations based on management’s most current estimates.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we recorded a $4.8 million restructuring charge. The significant components of this charge included:

Severance and termination costs of $4.7 million in accordance with the provisions of ASC 712-10 were recorded. Approximately 85 employees were impacted. Of these 85 employees, approximately 60 employees exited the Company in the first quarter of 2015, with the remaining primarily exiting in the second quarter of 2015. The cash payments for these employees will be substantially completed by the fourth quarter of 2015; and

Contract termination, lease termination obligations and other exit costs including those to consolidate or close facilities of $0.1 million.


9

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


During the three months ended March 31, 2014, we recorded a $4.9 million restructuring charge. The significant components of this charge included:

Severance and termination costs of $4.7 million in accordance with the provisions of ASC 712-10 were recorded. Approximately 55 employees were impacted. Of these 55 employees, approximately 30 employees exited the Company in the first quarter of 2014, with the remaining primarily having exited in the second quarter of 2014. The cash payments for these employees were substantially completed by the fourth quarter of 2014; and

Contract termination, lease termination obligations and other exit costs including those to consolidate or close facilities of $0.2 million.

The following tables set forth, in accordance with ASC 712-10 and/or ASC 420-10, the restructuring reserves and utilization:
 
 
Severance
and
Termination
 
Contract Termination, Lease
Termination
Obligations
and Other
Exit Costs
 
Total
Restructuring Charges:
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Remaining as of December 31, 2014
$
8.1

 
$
1.8

 
$
9.9

Charge Taken during First Quarter 2015
4.7

 
0.1

 
4.8

Payments during First Quarter 2015
(2.5
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(2.8
)
Balance Remaining as of March 31, 2015
$
10.3

 
$
1.6

 
$
11.9

 
 
Severance
and
Termination
 
Contract Termination, Lease
Termination
Obligations
and Other
Exit Costs
 
Total
Restructuring Charges:
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Remaining as of December 31, 2013
$
5.8

 
$
4.6

 
$
10.4

Charge Taken during First Quarter 2014
4.7

 
0.2

 
4.9

Payments during First Quarter 2014
(2.0
)
 
(3.9
)
 
(5.9
)
Balance Remaining as of March 31, 2014
$
8.5

 
$
0.9

 
$
9.4




10

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


Note 4 --
Notes Payable and Indebtedness
Our borrowings are summarized in the following table:
 
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31, 2014
Debt Maturing Within One Year:
 
 
 
Fixed-Rate Note (net of a $0.1 million and $0.2 million discount as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively)
$
299.9

 
$
299.8

Fair Value Adjustment Related to Hedged Debt
$
0.9

 
1.2

Other

 
0.1

Total Debt Maturing Within One Year
$
300.8

 
$
301.1

Debt Maturing After One Year:
 
 
 
Long-Term Fixed-Rate Notes (Net of a $2.3 million discount as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively)
$
747.7

 
$
747.7

Credit Facility
655.0

 
604.5

Total Debt Maturing After One Year
$
1,402.7

 
$
1,352.2

Fixed-Rate Notes
In December 2012, we issued senior notes with a face value of $450 million that mature on December 1, 2017 (the "2017 notes”), bearing interest at a fixed annual rate of 3.25%, payable semi-annually. In addition, in December 2012, we issued senior notes with a face value of $300 million that mature on December 1, 2022 (the “2022 notes”), bearing interest at a fixed annual rate of 4.375%, payable semi-annually. The proceeds were used in December 2012 to repay borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility and retire our then outstanding $400 million senior notes bearing interest at a fixed annual rate of 6.00%, which had a maturity date of April 1, 2013. The interest rates applicable to the 2017 notes and 2022 notes are subject to adjustment if our debt rating is decreased three levels below the Standard & Poor's and Fitch BBB+ credit ratings that we held on the date of issuance. After a rate adjustment, if our debt ratings are subsequently upgraded, the adjustment(s) would reverse. The maximum adjustment is 2.00% above the initial interest rates and the rates cannot adjust below the initial interest rates. As of March 31, 2015, no such adjustments to the interest rates were required. The 2017 notes and 2022 notes carrying amounts of $450.0 million and $297.8 million, net of less than $0.1 million and $2.2 million of remaining issuance discounts, respectively, are recorded as “Long-Term Debt” in the unaudited consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015.
The 2017 notes and 2022 notes were issued at discounts of less than $0.1 million and $2.9 million, respectively. In addition, in connection with the issuance, we incurred underwriting and other fees of approximately $3.4 million and $2.5 million for the 2017 notes and 2022 notes, respectively. These costs are being amortized over the life of the applicable notes. The 2017 notes and 2022 notes contain certain covenants that limit our ability to create liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions and consolidate, merge or sell assets to another entity. We were in compliance with these non-financial covenants at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The 2017 notes and 2022 notes do not contain any financial covenants.
In November 2010, we issued senior notes with a face value of $300 million that mature on November 15, 2015 (the "2015 notes”), bearing interest at a fixed annual rate of 2.875%, payable semi-annually. The proceeds were used in December 2010 to repay our then outstanding $300 million senior notes, bearing interest at a fixed annual rate of 5.50%, which had a maturity date of March 15, 2011. The 2015 notes of $299.9 million, net of $0.1 million remaining discount, are recorded as “Short-Term Debt” in the unaudited consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015.
The 2015 notes were issued at a discount of $1.1 million, and, in connection with the issuance, we incurred underwriting and other fees of approximately $2.5 million. These costs are being amortized over the life of the 2015 notes. The 2015 notes contain certain covenants that limit our ability to create liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions and consolidate, merge or sell assets to another entity. We were in compliance with these non-financial covenants at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The 2015 notes do not contain any financial covenants.
In November and December 2010, we entered into interest rate derivative transactions with aggregate notional amounts of $125 million. The objective of these hedges was to offset the change in fair value of the fixed rate 2015 notes attributable to changes in LIBOR. These transactions have been accounted for as fair value hedges. We have recognized the gain or loss on the derivative instruments, as well as the offsetting loss or gain on the hedged item, in “Other Income (Expense)—Net” in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income.

11

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


In March 2012, in connection with our objective to manage our exposure to interest rate changes and our policy to manage our fixed and floating interest rate debt mix, the interest rate derivatives discussed in the previous paragraph were terminated. This resulted in a gain of $0.3 million and the receipt of $5.0 million in cash on March 12, 2012, the swap termination settlement date. The gain of $0.3 million was recorded in “Other Income (Expense) - Net” in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income during the year ended December 31, 2012.
Approximately $0.8 million of derivative gains offset by a $0.5 million loss on the fair value adjustment related to the hedged debt were recorded through the date of termination in the results for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The $4.9 million adjustment in the carrying amount of the hedged debt at the date of termination is being amortized as an offset to “Interest Expense” in our consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income over the remaining term of the 2015 notes. Approximately $0.3 million of amortization was recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2015, resulting in a balance of $0.9 million in the unaudited consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015.

Credit Facility

On July 23, 2014, we amended and extended our then-existing $800 million revolving credit facility, increasing the facility amount to $1 billion and extending the maturity to July 23, 2019. The $1 billion revolving credit facility was amended with commercial terms substantially similar to the then-existing $800 million revolving credit facility, with the same financial covenants, and at borrowing rates that reflect the prevailing market for companies of similar credit quality. The revolving credit facilities require the maintenance of interest coverage and total debt to Earnings Before Income Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”) ratios, which are defined in the credit agreement. We were in compliance with the $1 billion revolving credit facility financial and non-financial covenants at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
 
At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had $655.0 million and $604.5 million, respectively, of borrowings outstanding under the $1 billion revolving credit facility with weighted average interest rates of 1.28% and 1.38%, respectively. We borrowed under this facility from time to time during the three months ended March 31, 2015 to supplement the timing of receipts in order to fund our working capital and our purchase of NetProspex for $124.2 million, net of cash assumed on January 5, 2015. We borrowed under this facility from time to time during the year ended December 31, 2014 to supplement the timing of receipts in order to fund our working capital and a portion of our share repurchases. This facility also supports our commercial paper program. Under this program, we may issue from time to time unsecured promissory notes in the commercial paper market in private placements exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for a cumulative face amount not to exceed $800 million outstanding at any one time and with maturities not exceeding 364 days from the date of issuance. Outstanding commercial paper would effectively reduce the amount available for borrowing under our revolving credit facility. We did not borrow under our commercial paper program during the three months ended March 31, 2015 or 2014.
Other
At each of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, certain of our international operations had uncommitted lines of credit of $1.8 million. There were no borrowings outstanding under these lines of credit at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. These arrangements have no material facility fees and no compensating balance requirements.
At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we were contingently liable under open standby letters of credit and bank guarantees issued by our banks in favor of third parties totaling $5.0 million and $4.6 million, respectively.
Interest paid for all outstanding debt totaled $1.9 million and $1.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Note 5 --
Earnings Per Share
We assess if any of our share-based payment transactions are deemed participating securities prior to vesting and therefore need to be included in the earnings allocation when computing Earnings Per Share ("EPS") under the two-class method. The two-class method requires earnings to be allocated between common shareholders and holders of participating securities. All outstanding unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends are considered to be a separate class of common stock and should be included in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS. Based on a review of our stock-based awards, we have determined that for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, none of our outstanding awards were deemed to be participating securities.


12

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


We are required to include in our computation of diluted EPS any contingently issuable shares that have satisfied all the necessary conditions by the end of the reporting period or that would have satisfied all necessary conditions if the end of the reporting period was the end of the performance period. Contingently issuable shares are shares that issuance is contingent upon the satisfaction of certain conditions other than just services. Beginning in 2013, we granted certain employees target awards of performance-based restricted stock units, in the form of leveraged restricted stock units or performance units. As the actual number of Dun & Bradstreet common shares ultimately received by the employee can range from zero to 200% of the target award depending on the Company’s actual performance against the pre-established market conditions or performance conditions, these awards are considered contingently issuable shares. 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net Income Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet
$
41.0

 
$
85.3

Less: Allocation to Participating Securities

 

Net Income Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet Common Shareholders – Basic and Diluted
$
41.0

 
$
85.3

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding – Basic
36.0

 
37.4

Dilutive Effect of Our Stock Incentive Plans
0.4

 
0.3

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding – Diluted
36.4

 
37.7

Basic Earnings Per Share of Common Stock Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet Common Shareholders
$
1.14

 
$
2.28

Diluted Earnings Per Share of Common Stock Attributable to Dun & Bradstreet Common Shareholders
$
1.13

 
$
2.26

Stock-based awards (including contingently issuable shares) to acquire 45,902 and 17,058 shares of common stock were outstanding at the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the assumed proceeds, as calculated under the treasury stock method, resulted in these awards being anti-dilutive. Our options generally expire ten years from the grant date and our stock awards vest generally within three to five years from the grant date.
Our share repurchases were as follows:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
Program
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
Shares
 
$ Amount
 
Shares
 
$ Amount
 
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Share Repurchase Programs
 

(a)
$

 
813,323

(b)
$
85.0

Repurchases to Mitigate the Dilutive Effect of the Shares Issued Under Our Stock Incentive Plans and Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)
 

(a)

 
123,401

(c)
13.0

Total Repurchases
 

 
$

 
936,724

 
$
98.0

 
(a)
In August 2014, our Board of Directors approved a new $100 million share repurchase program to mitigate the dilutive effect of shares issued under our stock incentive plans and Employee Stock Purchase Program, and to be used for discretionary share repurchases from time to time. Use of the new $100 million share repurchase program for anti-dilutive share repurchases was authorized to commence upon the completion or expiration of our four-year, five million share repurchase program which expired in October 2014. Any use for discretionary share repurchases was authorized to commence upon the completion of our $1 billion discretionary program which was completed in August 2014. The new $100 million share repurchase program will remain open until it has been fully utilized. There is currently no definitive timeline under which the program will be completed. As of March 31, 2015, we have not yet commenced repurchasing under this program.

(b)
In August 2012, our Board of Directors approved a $500 million increase to our then-existing $500 million share repurchase program, for a total program authorization of $1 billion. The then-existing $500 million share repurchase program was approved by our Board of Directors in October 2011 and commenced in November 2011 upon completion of the previous $200 million share repurchase program. This program was completed in August 2014.

(c)
In May 2010, our Board of Directors approved a four-year, five million share repurchase program to mitigate the dilutive effect of the shares issued under our stock incentive plans and ESPP. This program commenced in October

13

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


2010 and expired in October 2014. Of the 5,000,000 shares that were authorized for repurchase under this program, 2,682,492 shares were repurchased at the time this program expired in October 2014.

Note 6 -- Other Accrued and Current Liabilities
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31, 2014
Restructuring Accruals
$
11.9

 
$
9.9

Professional Fees (1)
41.8

 
31.4

Operating Expenses
37.7

 
39.8

Bond Interest Payable (2)
12.5

 
3.4

Other Accrued Liabilities (3)
14.1

 
29.7

 
$
118.0

 
$
114.2

(1)
The increase in professional fees was primarily related to technology spending as a result of our strategic investments.
(2)
The increase in bond interest payable from December 31, 2014 to March 31, 2015 was primarily attributed to the timing of the semi-annual interest payments.
(3)
The decrease in other accrued liabilities was primarily due to the impact of foreign exchange.
Note 7 -- Contingencies
We are involved in legal proceedings, claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business for which we believe that we have adequate reserves, and such reserves are not material to the consolidated financial statements. We record a liability when management believes that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and we can reasonably estimate the amount of the loss. For such matters where management believes a liability is not probable but is reasonably possible, a liability is not recorded; instead, an estimate of loss or range of loss, if material individually or in the aggregate, is disclosed if reasonably estimable, or a statement will be made that an estimate of loss cannot be made. Once we have disclosed a matter that we believe is or could be material to us, we continue to report on such matter until there is finality of outcome or until we determine that disclosure is no longer warranted. Further, we believe our estimate of the aggregate range of reasonably possible losses, in excess of established reserves, for our legal proceedings was not material at March 31, 2015. In addition, from time-to-time, we may be involved in additional matters, which could become material and for which we may also establish reserve amounts, as discussed below.
China Operations
On March 18, 2012, we announced we had temporarily suspended our Shanghai Roadway D&B Marketing Services Co. Ltd. (“Roadway”) operations in China, pending an investigation into allegations that its data collection practices may have violated local Chinese consumer data privacy laws. Thereafter, the Company decided to permanently cease the operations of Roadway. In addition, we have been reviewing certain allegations that we may have violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and certain other laws in our China operations. As previously reported, we have voluntarily contacted the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ”) to advise both agencies of our investigation, and we are continuing to meet with representatives of both the SEC and DOJ in connection therewith. Our investigation remains ongoing and is being conducted at the direction of the Audit Committee.
On September 28, 2012, Roadway was charged in a Bill of Prosecution, along with five former employees, by the Shanghai District Prosecutor with illegally obtaining private information of Chinese citizens. On December 28, 2012, the Chinese court imposed a monetary fine on Roadway and fines and imprisonment on four former Roadway employees. A fifth former Roadway employee was separated from the case.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we incurred $0.4 million of legal and other professional fees related to matters in China, as compared to $0.3 million of legal and other professional fees related to matters in China for the three months ended March 31, 2014.
As our investigation and our discussions with both the SEC and DOJ are ongoing, we cannot yet predict the ultimate outcome of the matter or its impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations. Based on our discussions with the SEC and DOJ, including an indication from the SEC in February and March 2015 of its initial estimate of the amount of net benefit potentially earned by the Company as a result of the challenged activities, we continue to believe that it is probable

14

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


that the Company will incur a loss related to the government's investigation. We will be meeting with the Staff of the SEC to obtain and to further understand the assumptions and methodologies underlying their current estimate of net benefit and will subsequently provide a responsive position. The DOJ also advised the Company in February 2015 that they will be proposing terms of a potential settlement, but we are unable to predict the timing or terms of any such proposal. Accordingly, we are unable at this time to reasonably estimate the amount or range of any loss, although it is possible that the amount of such loss could be material. In accordance with ASC 450, “Contingencies,” or “ASC 450,” no amount in respect of any potential liability in this matter, including for penalties, fines or other sanctions, has been accrued in the consolidated financial statements.
Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation v. Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., and The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation, Index No. 650568/2014 (N.Y. State Supreme Court)
On February 20, 2014, Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation (“DBCC”) filed an action in the Supreme Court of the State of New York for the County of New York against the Company. DBCC was an unaffiliated entity with license rights to use the Company’s brand name and to sell certain of the Company’s products. The complaint alleges that the Company breached the Commercial Services Agreement (“CSA”), entered into by the Company and DBCC on July 30, 2010 in connection with DBCC’s acquisition of the Company’s North American Self Awareness Solution business. The complaint alleges that the Company breached several of the CSA’s terms, and that the Company is trying to terminate the CSA through improper means. The Complaint alleges causes of action for breach of contract; breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, in the alternative; intentional interference with prospective economic advantage; and declaratory judgment. The Complaint seeks damages and declaratory and injunctive relief. The Company was served with the Complaint on February 24, 2014. On March 10, 2014, the court entered an order staying the lawsuit to permit the parties to attempt to resolve the matter in mediation. In April 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with the parent company of DBCC, Credibility Corporation (“Credibility”), to acquire Credibility; coincident with the closing of the transaction, the claims in this matter will be released and a stipulation discontinuing the action with prejudice will be filed.
In accordance with ASC 450 Contingencies, we did not believe that a loss in connection with this matter was probable. Accordingly, no amounts have been accrued for it in our consolidated financial statements.
Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation Class Action Litigations
O&R Construction, LLC v. Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation, et al., No. 2:12 CV 02184 (TSZ) (W.D. Wash.)
On December 13, 2012, plaintiff O&R Construction LLC filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington against the Company and DBCC. In April 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with the parent company of DBCC, Credibility, to acquire Credibility. The complaint alleged, among other things, that defendants violated the antitrust laws, used deceptive marketing practices to sell the CreditBuilder credit monitoring products and allegedly misrepresented the nature, need and value of the products. The plaintiff purports to sue on behalf of a putative class of purchasers of CreditBuilder and seeks recovery of damages and equitable relief. On February 18, 2013, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the complaint. On April 5, 2013, plaintiff filed an amended complaint in lieu of responding to the motion. The amended complaint dropped the antitrust claims and retained the deceptive practices allegations. The Company filed a new motion to dismiss the amended complaint on May 3, 2013. On August 23, 2013, the Court heard the motion and granted it. Specifically, the Court dismissed a contract claim with prejudice, and dismissed all the remaining claims without prejudice. On September 23, 2013, plaintiff filed a Second Amended Complaint (“SAC”). The SAC alleges claims for negligence, defamation and unfair business practices under Washington state law against the Company for alleged inaccuracies in small business credit reports. The SAC also alleges liability against the Company under a joint venture or agency theory for practices relating to CreditBuilder. The Company filed a motion to dismiss the SAC. On January 9, 2014, the Court heard argument on the Company’s motion and dismissed with prejudice the claims based on a joint venture or agency liability theory brought against the Company. The Court denied the motion with respect to the negligence, defamation and unfair practices claims. On January 23, 2014, the Company answered the SAC. At a court conference on December 17, 2014, plaintiff informed the Court that it would not be seeking to certify a nationwide class, but instead limit the class to CreditBuilder purchasers in Washington. In accordance with ASC 450, we do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Die-Mension Corporation v. Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation et al., No. 2:14-cv-00855 (TSZ) (W.D. Wash.) (filed as No. 1:14-cv-392 (N.D. Oh.))


15

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


On February 20, 2014, plaintiff Die-Mension Corporation (“Die-Mension”) filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio against the Company and DBCC, purporting to sue on behalf of a putative class of all purchasers of a CreditBuilder product in the United States or in such state(s) as the Court may certify. The complaint alleged that DBCC used deceptive marketing practices to sell the CreditBuilder credit monitoring products. As against the Company, the complaint alleged a violation of Ohio’s Deceptive Trade Practices Act, defamation, and negligence. The complaint alleged deceptive trade practices, negligent misrepresentation and concealment against DBCC. On March 4, 2014, in response to a direction from the Ohio court, Die-Mension withdrew its original complaint and filed an amended complaint. The amended complaint contains the same substantive allegations as the original complaint, but limits the purported class to small businesses in Ohio that purchased the CreditBuilder product. On March 13, 2014, the Company agreed to waive service of the amended complaint. On May 5, 2014, the Company and DBCC filed a Joint Motion to Transfer the litigation to the Western District of Washington. On June 9, 2014, the Ohio court issued an order granting the Defendants’ Joint Motion to Transfer. On June 22, 2014, the case was transferred to the Western District of Washington. Pursuant to an order entered on December 17, 2014 by the Washington court, this case was coordinated for pre-trial discovery purposes with related cases transferred to the Western District of Washington. On January 6, 2015, the Court entered a stipulation and order setting forth the case management schedule. On January 15, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint. In response, Die-Mension filed a second amended complaint on March 13, 2015. On April 3, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the second amended complaint. Discovery in the case is ongoing and the Company is continuing to investigate the allegations. In accordance with ASC 450, we therefore do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Vinotemp International Corporation and CPrint®, Inc. v. Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation, et al., No. 2:14-cv-01021 (TSZ) (W.D. Wash.) (filed as No. 8:14-cv-00451 (C.D. Cal.))

On March 24, 2014, plaintiffs Vinotemp International Corporation (“Vinotemp”) and CPrint®, Inc. (“CPrint”) filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against the Company and DBCC. Vinotemp and CPrint purport to sue on behalf of all purchasers of DBCC’s CreditBuilder product in the state of California. The complaint alleges that DBCC used deceptive marketing practices to sell the CreditBuilder credit monitoring products, in violation of §17200 and §17500 of the California Business and Professions Code. The complaint also alleges negligent misrepresentation and concealment against DBCC. As against the Company, the complaint alleges that the Company entered false and inaccurate information on credit reports in violation of § 17200 of the California Business and Professions Code, and also alleges negligence and defamation claims. On March 31, 2014, the Company agreed to waive service of the complaint. On June 13, 2014, the Company and DBCC filed a Joint Unopposed Motion to Transfer the litigation to the Western District of Washington. On July 2, 2014, the California court granted the Defendants’ Joint Motion to Transfer, and on July 8, 2014, the case was transferred to the Western District of Washington. Pursuant to an order entered on December 17, 2014 by the Washington court, this case was coordinated for pre-trial discovery purposes with related cases transferred to the Western District of Washington. On January 6, 2015, the Court entered a stipulation and order setting forth the case management schedule. On January 15, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the complaint. In response, Vinotemp filed an amended complaint on March 13, 2015. On April 3, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint. Discovery in the case is ongoing, and the Company is continuing to investigate the allegations. In accordance with ASC 450, we therefore do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Flow Sciences Inc. v. Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation, et al., No. 2:14-cv-01404 (TSZ) (W.D. Wash.) (filed as No. 7:14-cv-128 (E.D.N.C.))

On June 13, 2014, plaintiff Flow Sciences Inc. (“Flow Sciences”) filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina against the Company and DBCC. Flow Sciences purports to sue on behalf of all purchasers of DBCC’s CreditBuilder product in the state of North Carolina. The complaint alleges that the Company and DBCC engaged in deceptive practices in connection with DBCC’s sale of the CreditBuilder credit monitoring products, in violation of North Carolina’s Unfair Trade Practices Act, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 et seq. In addition, as against the Company, the complaint alleges negligence and defamation claims. The complaint also alleges negligent misrepresentation and concealment against DBCC. On June 26, 2014, the Company agreed to waive service of the complaint. On August 4, 2014, the Company and DBCC filed a Joint Unopposed Motion to Transfer the litigation to the Western District of Washington. On September 8, 2014, the North Carolina court granted the motion to transfer, and on September 9, 2014, the case was transferred to the Western District of Washington. Pursuant to an order entered on December 17, 2014 by the Washington court, this case was coordinated for pre-trial discovery purposes with related cases transferred to the Western

16

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


District of Washington. On January 6, 2015, the Court entered a stipulation and order setting forth the case management schedule. On January 15, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the complaint. In response, Flow Sciences filed an amended complaint on March 13, 2015. On April 3, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint. Discovery in the case is ongoing, and the Company is continuing to investigate the allegations. In accordance with ASC 450 Contingencies, we therefore do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Altaflo, LLC v. Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation, et al., No. 2:14-cv-01288 (TSZ) (W.D. Wash.) (filed as No. 2:14-cv-03961 (D.N.J.))

On June 20, 2014, plaintiff Altaflo, LLC (“Altaflo”) filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey against the Company and DBCC. Altaflo purports to sue on behalf of all purchasers of DBCC’s CreditBuilder product in the state of New Jersey. The complaint alleges that the Company and DBCC engaged in deceptive practices in connection with DBCC’s sale of the CreditBuilder credit monitoring products, in violation of the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act, N.J. Stat. § 56:8-1 et seq. In addition, as against the Company, the complaint alleges negligence and defamation claims. The complaint also alleges negligent misrepresentation and concealment against DBCC. On June 26, 2014, the Company agreed to waive service of the complaint. On July 29, 2014, the Company and DBCC filed a Joint Unopposed Motion to Transfer the litigation to the Western District of Washington. On July 31, 2014, the New Jersey court granted the Defendants’ Joint Motion to Transfer, and the case was transferred to the Western District of Washington on August 20, 2014. Pursuant to an order entered on December 17, 2014 by the Washington court, this case was coordinated for pre-trial discovery purposes with related cases transferred to the Western District of Washington. On January 6, 2015, the Court entered a stipulation and order setting forth the case management schedule. On January 15, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the complaint. In response, Altaflo filed an amended complaint on March 13, 2015. On April 3, 2015, Defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint. Discovery in the case is ongoing, and the Company is continuing to investigate the allegations. In accordance with ASC 450 Contingencies, we therefore do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Sentry Insurance, a Mutual Company v. The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation and Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., No. 2:15-cv-01952 (SRC) (D.N.J.)
On March 17, 2015, Sentry Insurance filed a Declaratory Judgment Action in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey against The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation and Dun & Bradstreet, Inc. (collectively, the “Company”). The Complaint seeks a judicial declaration that Sentry, which issued a General Commercial Liability insurance policy (the “CGL Policy”), to the Company, does not have a duty under the CGL Policy to provide the Company with a defense or indemnification in connection with five putative class action complaints (the “Class Actions”) filed against the Company and DBCC. Against the Company, the Class Actions complaints allege negligence, defamation and violations of state laws prohibiting unfair and deceptive practices in connection with DBCC's marketing and sale of credit monitoring products. Sentry’s Complaint alleges that the Company is not entitled to a defense or indemnification for any losses it sustains in the Class Actions because the underlying claims in the Class Actions fall within various exceptions in the CGL policy, including exclusions for claims: (i) that arise from D&B’s provision of “professional services”; (ii) that are based on intentional or fraudulent acts; and (iii) that are based on conduct that took place prior to the beginning of the CGL Policy periods. On March 26, 2015, Sentry filed and served an Amended Complaint which added several exhibits but did not otherwise materially differ from the original Complaint. The Company filed an Answer to the Amended Complaint on April 16, 2015 and also asserted counterclaims. In addition, the parties have held informal discussions regarding a possible resolution to the dispute. The Company is in the initial stages of investigating the allegations. In accordance with ASC 450 Contingencies, we therefore do not have sufficient information upon which to determine that a loss in connection with this matter is probable, reasonably possible or estimable, and thus no reserve has been established nor has a range of loss been disclosed.
Other Matters
In addition, in the normal course of business, and including without limitation, our merger and acquisition activities and financing transactions, Dun & Bradstreet indemnifies other parties, including customers, lessors and parties to other transactions with Dun & Bradstreet, with respect to certain matters. Dun & Bradstreet has agreed to hold the other parties harmless against losses arising from a breach of representations or covenants, or arising out of other claims made against certain parties. These agreements may limit the time within which an indemnification claim can be made and the amount of the claim. Dun & Bradstreet has also entered into indemnity obligations with its officers and directors.

17

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


Additionally, in certain circumstances, Dun & Bradstreet issues guarantee letters on behalf of our wholly-owned subsidiaries for specific situations. It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount of future payments under these indemnification agreements due to the limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement. Historically, payments made by Dun & Bradstreet under these agreements have not had a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

Note 8 -- Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2015, our effective tax rate was 27.3% as compared to (75.0)% for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2015, was positively impacted by the release of reserves for uncertain tax positions in a non-U.S. jurisdiction due to the expiration of statutes of limitation and the settlement of an audit in a U.S. jurisdiction. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was positively impacted by the release of reserves of $58.7 million, net of cash paid, for uncertain tax positions due to the effective settlement of audits for the 2007 - 2009 tax years. For the period ended March 31, 2015, there are no known changes in our effective tax rate that either have had or that we expect may reasonably have a material impact on our operations or future performance.
The total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2015 was $26.2 million. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate is $24.3 million, net of related additional tax benefits. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we decreased our unrecognized tax benefits by approximately $3.0 million, net of increases. The decrease is primarily due to the expiration of applicable statutes of limitation in a non-U.S. jurisdiction and settlements with taxing authorities within one of our state jurisdictions. We anticipate that it is reasonably possible that total unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by approximately $20 million within the next twelve months as a result of the expiration of applicable statutes of limitation.
We or one of our subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal, and various state, local and foreign jurisdictions. In the U.S. federal jurisdiction, we are no longer subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS") for years prior to 2011. In state and local jurisdictions, with a few exceptions, we are no longer subject to examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2010. In foreign jurisdictions, with a few exceptions, we are no longer subject to examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2009.
We recognize accrued interest expense related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. The total amount of interest expense recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was $0.1 million, net of tax benefits, as compared to $0.3 million, net of tax benefits, for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The total amount of accrued interest as of March 31, 2015 was $3.1 million, net of tax benefits, as compared to $4.3 million, net of tax benefits, as of March 31, 2014.
Note 9 -- Pension and Postretirement Benefits
The following table sets forth the components of the net periodic cost (income) associated with our pension plans and our postretirement benefit obligations:
 
 
Pension Plans
 
Postretirement Benefit Obligations
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Components of Net Periodic Cost (Income):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service Cost
$
1.0

 
$
1.1

 
$
0.2

 
$
0.2

Interest Cost
18.4

 
19.7

 
0.1

 
0.2

Expected Return on Plan Assets
(25.7
)
 
(25.2
)
 

 

Amortization of Prior Service Cost (Credit)
0.1

 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
(0.4
)
Recognized Actuarial Loss (Gain)
10.7

 
8.9

 
(0.4
)
 
(0.3
)
Net Periodic Cost (Income)
$
4.5

 
$
4.6

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.3
)
We previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 that we expected to contribute approximately $22.4 million to our U.S. Non-Qualified plans and non-U.S. pension plans and that we expected to contribute approximately $2.7 million to our postretirement benefit plan for the year ended December 31, 2015. As of March 31, 2015, we have made contributions to our U.S. Non-Qualified and non-U.S. pension plans of $5.0 million and $0.2

18

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


million to our postretirement benefit plan, net of a subsidy received of $2.0 million under the previous retiree medical program covered by a group-based company sponsored Medicare Part D program, or EGWP. Effective January 1, 2015, we provide our eligible retirees and dependents age 65 or older access to coverage in the individual Medicare market. We also provide an annual contribution towards retirees' premiums and other out-of-pocket expenses.
Note 10 -- Segment Information
    
The operating segments reported below are our segments for which separate financial information is available and upon which operating results are evaluated by management on a timely basis to assess performance and to allocate resources.
On January 1, 2015, to further align with our strategy, we began reporting our business through two segments:
Americas (which consists of our operations in the U.S., Canada and Latin America); and
Non-Americas (which primarily consists of our operations in the U.K., the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia, Greater China, India and our Worldwide Network).
Prior to January 1, 2015, we managed and reported our business through the following three segments:
North America (which consisted of our operations in the U.S. and Canada);
Asia Pacific (which primarily consisted of our operations in Australia, Greater China, India and Asia Pacific Worldwide Network); and
Europe and other International Markets (which primarily consisted of our operations in the U.K., the Netherlands, Belgium, Latin America and our European Worldwide Network).
We have conformed prior period amounts to reflect the new segment structure.
Our customer solution sets are D&B Risk Management Solutions™ and D&B Sales & Marketing Solutions™. Inter-segment sales are immaterial, and no single customer accounted for 10% or more of our total revenue. For management reporting purposes, we evaluate business segment performance before restructuring charges and intercompany transactions, because these charges are not a component of our ongoing income or expenses and may have a disproportionate positive or negative impact on the results of our ongoing underlying business.
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue:
 
 
 
Americas
$
280.9

 
$
281.9

Non-Americas
95.3

 
99.9

Consolidated Core
376.2

 
381.8

Divested and Other Businesses

 
0.1

Consolidated Total
$
376.2

 
$
381.9

Operating Income (Loss):
 
 
 
Americas
$
67.9

 
$
79.7

Non-Americas
23.0

 
21.2

Total Segments
90.9

 
100.9

Corporate and Other (1)
(24.7
)
 
(18.6
)
Consolidated Total
66.2

 
82.3

Non-Operating Income (Expense), Net (2)
(9.6
)
 
(33.5
)
Income Before Provision for Income Taxes and Equity in Net Income of Affiliates
$
56.6

 
$
48.8


19

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


 
(1)
The following table summarizes “Corporate and Other:”
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Corporate Costs
$
(16.2
)
 
$
(13.4
)
Restructuring Expense
(4.8
)
 
(4.9
)
Acquisition-Related Costs (a)
(3.3
)
 

Legal and Other Professional Fees and Shut-Down Costs Related to Matters in China
(0.4
)
 
(0.3
)
Total Corporate and Other
$
(24.7
)
 
$
(18.6
)

(a) The acquisition-related costs (i.e., banker's fees) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 were primarily related to the acquisition of NetProspex. See Note 13 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.    
    
(2)
The following table summarizes “Non-Operating Income (Expense):”
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Interest Income
$
0.4

 
$
0.4

Interest Expense
(11.4
)
 
(10.6
)
Other Income (Expense) - Net (a)
1.4

 
(23.3
)
Non-Operating Income (Expense) - Net
$
(9.6
)
 
$
(33.5
)
 
(a) The increase in Other Income (Expense) - Net was primarily due to the reduction of a contractual receipt during the three months ended March 31, 2014 under a tax allocation agreement between Moody’s Corporation and Dun & Bradstreet as it relates to the effective settlement of audits for the 2007 - 2009 tax years.


20

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


Supplemental Geographic and Customer Solution Set Information:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Customer Solution Set Revenue:
 
 
 
Americas:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
$
160.4

 
$
166.0

Sales & Marketing Solutions
120.5

 
115.9

Americas Core Revenue
280.9

 
281.9

Divested and Other Businesses

 

Total Americas Revenue
280.9

 
281.9

 
 
 
 
Non-Americas:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
79.3

 
83.5

Sales & Marketing Solutions
16.0

 
16.4

Non-Americas Core Revenue
95.3

 
99.9

Divested and Other Businesses (3)

 
0.1

Total Non-Americas Revenue
95.3

 
100.0

 
 
 
 
Consolidated Total:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
239.7

 
249.5

Sales & Marketing Solutions
136.5

 
132.3

Core Revenue
376.2

 
381.8

Divested and Other Businesses (3)

 
0.1

Consolidated Total Revenue
$
376.2

 
$
381.9


(3)
During the first quarter of 2014, we ceased the operations of our Ireland Small Corporate Registry Business in our Non-Americas segment. This business contributed less than 1% to our Non-Americas total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2014. This business has been classified as “Divested and Other Businesses.”
The following table represents Divested and Other Businesses revenue by solution set:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Divested and Other Businesses:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
$

 
$
0.1

Sales & Marketing Solutions

 

Total Divested and Other Businesses Revenue
$

 
$
0.1

 

21

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


 
At March 31, 2015
 
At December 31, 2014
Assets:
 
 
 
Americas (4)
$
920.1

 
$
831.9

Non-Americas (5)
816.5

 
833.8

Total Segments
1,736.6

 
1,665.7

Corporate and Other (6)
291.1

 
320.5

Consolidated Total
$
2,027.7

 
$
1,986.2

Goodwill:
 
 
 
Americas
$
360.1

 
$
275.1

Non-Americas
279.7

 
300.1

Consolidated Total (7)
$
639.8

 
$
575.2

 
(4)
The increase in assets in the Americas segment to $920.1 million at March 31, 2015 from $831.9 million at December 31, 2014 was primarily due to the acquisition of NetProspex (See Note 13 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q), and an increase in cash primarily as a result of operational performance in the segment, partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable compared to the fourth quarter of 2014 resulting from the cyclical sales pattern of our Americas business and the negative impact of foreign currency translation.

(5)
The decrease in assets in the Non-Americas segment to $816.5 million at March 31, 2015 from $833.8 million at December 31, 2014 was primarily due to the negative impact of foreign currency translation, partially offset by an increase in cash as a result of operational performance in the segment.

(6)
The decrease in assets in Corporate and Other to $291.1 million at March 31, 2015 from $320.5 million at December 31, 2014 was primarily due to a decrease in cash mainly as a function of timing.

(7)
The increase in total goodwill to $639.8 million at March 31, 2015 from $575.2 million at December 31, 2014 was primarily attributable to the goodwill associated with the acquisition of NetProspex, partially offset by the negative impact of foreign currency translation. See Note 13 to our unaudited consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Note 11 -- Financial Instruments
We employ established policies and procedures to manage our exposure to changes in interest rates and foreign currencies. We use foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge short-term foreign currency denominated loans and certain third-party and intercompany transactions. We may also use foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge our net investments in our foreign subsidiaries. In addition, we may use interest rate derivatives to hedge a portion of the interest rate exposure on our outstanding debt or in anticipation of a future debt issuance, as discussed under “Interest Rate Risk Management” below.
We do not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. If a hedging instrument ceases to qualify as a hedge in accordance with hedge accounting guidelines, any subsequent gains and losses are recognized currently in income. Collateral is generally not required for these types of instruments.
By their nature, all such instruments involve risk, including the credit risk of non-performance by counterparties. However, at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there was no significant risk of loss in the event of non-performance of the counterparties to these financial instruments. We control our exposure to credit risk through monitoring procedures.
Our trade receivables do not represent a significant concentration of credit risk at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, because we sell to a large number of customers in different geographical locations and industries.
Interest Rate Risk Management
Our objective in managing our exposure to interest rates is to limit the impact of interest rate changes on our earnings, cash flows and financial position, and to lower our overall borrowing costs. To achieve these objectives, we maintain a policy that floating-rate debt be managed within a minimum and maximum range of our total debt exposure. To manage our exposure and limit volatility, we may use fixed-rate debt, floating-rate debt and/or interest rate swaps. We recognize all derivative

22

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


instruments as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the statement of financial position. As of March 31, 2015, we did not have any interest rate derivatives outstanding.
Fair Value Hedges
For interest rate derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a fair value hedge, we assess quarterly whether the interest rate swaps are highly effective in offsetting changes in the fair value of the hedged debt. Changes in fair values of interest rate swap agreements that are designated fair-value hedges are recognized in earnings as an adjustment of “Other Income (Expense) – Net” in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The effectiveness of the hedge is monitored on an ongoing basis for hedge accounting purposes, and if the hedge is considered ineffective, we discontinue hedge accounting prospectively.
In November 2010, we issued senior notes with a face value of $300 million that mature on November 15, 2015 (the "2015 notes”). In November and December 2010, we entered into interest rate derivative transactions with aggregate notional amounts of $125 million. The objective of these hedges was to offset the change in fair value of the fixed rate 2015 notes attributable to changes in LIBOR. These transactions have been accounted for as fair value hedges. We have recognized the gain or loss on the derivative instruments, as well as the offsetting loss or gain on the hedged item, in “Other Income (Expense) – Net” in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
In March 2012, in connection with our objective to manage our exposure to interest rate changes and our policy to manage our fixed and floating-rate debt mix, the interest rate derivatives discussed in the previous paragraph were terminated. This resulted in a gain of $0.3 million and the receipt of $5.0 million in cash on March 12, 2012, the swap termination settlement date. The gain of $0.3 million was recorded in “Other Income (Expense)—Net” in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income during the year ended December 31, 2012.
Approximately $0.8 million of derivative gains partially offset by a $0.5 million loss on the fair value adjustment related to the hedged debt were recorded through the date of termination in the results for the three months ended March 31, 2012. The $4.9 million adjustment in the carrying amount of the hedged debt at the date of termination is being amortized as an offset to “Interest Expense” in our consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income over the remaining term of the 2015 notes. Approximately $0.3 million of amortization was recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2015, resulting in a balance of $0.9 million in the unaudited consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2015.
Cash Flow Hedges
For interest rate derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the periodic hedge remeasurement gains or losses on the derivative are reported as a component of other comprehensive income (“OCI”) and reclassified to earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Gains and losses on the derivative representing either hedge ineffectiveness or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in current earnings.
Foreign Exchange Risk Management
Our objective in managing exposure to foreign currency fluctuations is to reduce the volatility caused by foreign exchange rate changes on the earnings, cash flows and financial position of our international operations. We follow a policy of hedging balance sheet positions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency applicable to each of our various subsidiaries. In addition, we are subject to foreign exchange risk associated with our international earnings and net investments in our foreign subsidiaries. We use short-term, foreign exchange forward and option contracts to execute our hedging strategies. Typically, these contracts have maturities of 12 months or less. These contracts are denominated primarily in the British pound sterling, the Euro and Canadian dollar. The gains and losses on the forward contracts associated with the balance sheet positions are recorded in “Other Income (Expense) – Net” in the unaudited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income and are essentially offset by the losses and gains on the underlying foreign currency transactions.
As in prior years, we have hedged substantially all balance sheet positions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency applicable to each of our various subsidiaries with short-term, foreign exchange forward contracts. In addition, we may use foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge certain net investment positions. The underlying transactions and the corresponding foreign exchange forward contracts are marked-to-market at the end of each quarter and the fair value impacts are reflected within the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
As of March 31, 2015 and 2014, the notional amounts of our foreign exchange contracts were $285.3 million and $295.9 million, respectively.

23

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


Fair Values of Derivative Instruments in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
 
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
Other Current
Assets
 
$
0.8

 
Other Current
Assets
 
$
0.4

 
Other Accrued &
Current Liabilities
 
$
1.5

 
Other Accrued &
Current Liabilities
 
$
0.1

Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$
0.8

 
 
 
$
0.4

 
 
 
$
1.5

 
 
 
$
0.1

Total Derivatives
 
 
$
0.8

 
 
 
$
0.4

 
 
 
$
1.5

 
 
 
$
0.1

Our foreign exchange forward contracts are not designated as hedging instruments under authoritative guidance.
The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Consolidated Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Income
 
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging
Instruments
Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
 
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives
 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
Foreign exchange forward contracts
Non-Operating Income (Expenses) – Net
 
$
(9.0
)
 
$
(4.9
)
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Our financial assets and liabilities that are reflected in the consolidated financial statements include derivative financial instruments, cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable, short-term borrowings and long-term borrowings. We use short-term foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge short-term foreign currency-denominated intercompany loans and certain third-party and intercompany transactions. Fair value for derivative financial instruments is determined utilizing a market approach.
We have a process for determining fair values. Fair value is based upon quoted market prices, where available. If listed prices or quotes are not available, we use quotes from independent pricing vendors based on recent trading activity and other relevant information including market interest rate curves and referenced credit spreads.
In addition to utilizing external valuations, we conduct our own internal assessment of the reasonableness of the external valuations by utilizing a variety of valuation techniques including Black-Scholes option pricing and discounted cash flow models that are consistently applied. Inputs to these models include observable market data, such as yield curves, and foreign exchange rates where applicable. Our assessments are designed to identify prices that do not accurately reflect the current market environment, those that have changed significantly from prior valuations and other anomalies that may indicate that a price may not be accurate. We also follow established routines for reviewing and reconfirming valuations with the pricing provider, if deemed appropriate. In addition, the pricing provider has an established challenge process in place for all valuations, which facilitates identification and resolution of potentially erroneous prices. Valuation adjustments may be made to ensure that financial instruments are recorded at fair value. These adjustments include amounts to reflect counterparty credit quality and our own creditworthiness and constraints on liquidity. For inactive markets that do not have observable pricing or sufficient trading volumes, or for positions that are subject to transfer restrictions, valuations are adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability. Such adjustments are generally based on available market evidence. In the absence of such evidence, management’s best estimate will be used.
The methods described above may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while we believe our valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different estimate of fair value at the reporting date.

24

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


The following table presents information about our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by us to determine such fair value. Level inputs, as defined by authoritative guidance, are as follows:
 
Level Input:
Input Definition:
Level I
Observable inputs utilizing quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets at the measurement date.
 
 
Level II
Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level I that are either directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability through corroboration with market data at the measurement date.
 
 
Level III
Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability in which little or no market data exists therefore requiring management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.
In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.
The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at March 31, 2015 for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level I)
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level II)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level III)
 
Balance at March 31, 2015
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash Equivalents (1)
$
122.8

 
$

 
$

 
$
122.8

Other Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Forwards (2)
$

 
$
0.8

 
$

 
$
0.8

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Accrued and Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Forwards (2)
$

 
$
1.5

 
$

 
$
1.5

(1)
Cash equivalents represent fair value as it consists of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.
(2)
Primarily represents foreign currency forward contracts. Fair value is determined utilizing a market approach and considers a factor for nonperformance in the valuation.
The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2014 for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level I)
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level II)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level III)
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash Equivalents (1)
$
126.1

 
$

 
$

 
$
126.1

Other Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Forwards (2)
$

 
$
0.4

 
$

 
$
0.4

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Accrued and Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign Exchange Forwards (2)
$

 
$
0.1

 
$

 
$
0.1

(1)
Cash equivalents represent fair value as it consists of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.
(2)
Primarily represents foreign currency forward contracts. Fair value is determined utilizing a market approach and considers a factor for nonperformance in the valuation.

25

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the fair value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, other receivables and accounts payable approximated carrying value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The estimated fair values of other financial instruments subject to fair value disclosures, determined based on valuation models using discounted cash flow methodologies with market data inputs from globally recognized data providers and third-party quotes from major financial institutions (categorized as Level II in the fair value hierarchy), are as follows:
 
 
Balance at
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Carrying
Amount (Asset)
Liability
 
Fair Value
(Asset) Liability
 
Carrying
Amount (Asset)
Liability
 
Fair Value
(Asset) Liability
Short-term and Long-term Debt
$
1,047.6

 
$
1,092.1

 
$
1,047.5

 
$
1,082.1

Credit Facilities
$
655.0

 
$
668.8

 
$
604.5

 
$
625.4

Items Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
In addition to assets and liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, we are required to record assets and liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as required by GAAP. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as a result of impairment charges.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, we did not measure any assets or liabilities at fair value on nonrecurring basis.
Note 12 --
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes the changes in the accumulated balances for each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI") as of March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2013
 
$
(186.7
)
 
$
(552.2
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(738.8
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications
 
(3.4
)
 

 

 
(3.4
)
Amounts Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax
 

 
5.4

 

 
5.4

Balance, March 31, 2014
 
$
(190.1
)
 
$
(546.8
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(736.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2014
 
$
(233.4
)
 
$
(688.7
)
 
$

 
$
(922.1
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Before Reclassifications
 
(43.5
)
 

 

 
(43.5
)
Amounts Reclassified From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax
 

 
6.5

 

 
6.5

Balance, March 31, 2015
 
$
(276.9
)
 
$
(682.2
)
 
$

 
$
(959.1
)

26

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


The following table summarizes the reclassifications out of AOCI as of March 31, 2015 and 2014:
Details About Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components
 
Affected Line Item in the Statement Where Net Income is Presented
 
Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
Defined Benefit Pension Plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of Prior Service Costs
 
Selling and Administrative Expenses
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.2
)
 
 
Operating Expenses
 

 
(0.1
)
Amortization of Actuarial Gain/Loss
 
Selling and Administrative Expenses
 
6.8

 
6.3

 
 
Operating Expenses
 
3.5

 
2.3

Total Before Tax
 
 
 
10.2

 
8.3

Tax (Expense) or Benefit
 
 
 
(3.7
)
 
(2.9
)
Total After Tax
 
 
 
$
6.5

 
$
5.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Reclassifications for the Period, Net of Tax
 
 
 
$
6.5

 
$
5.4

Note 13 -- Acquisition
NetProspex
On January 5, 2015, we acquired a 100% equity interest in NetProspex. NetProspex is a leader in business-to-business professional contact data and data management based out of Massachusetts. The acquisition combines NetProspex’s comprehensive professional contact database with our global data and analytics. This will further enable our customers to better understand their ideal customers, identify and prioritize opportunities, and grow their business. The results of NetProspex have been included in our unaudited consolidated financial statements since the date of acquisition.
The acquisition was accounted for in accordance with ASC 805 “Business Combination.” The acquisition was valued at $124.5 million, net of cash assumed. Transaction costs of $2.2 million were included in operating expenses in the unaudited consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income. The acquisition was accounted for as a purchase transaction, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired entity were recorded at their estimated fair values at the date of the acquisition.

27

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


The table below reflects the initial purchase price related to the acquisition and the resulting purchase price allocation:
 
 
Amortization Life (years)
 
Acquisition
Current Assets
 
 
 
$
10.8

Intangible Assets:
 
 
 
 
     Data Supply Agreement
 
5.5
 
1.1

     Customer Relationships
 
5.5
 
6.5

     Database
 
2.0
 
3.2

     Technology
 
6.5
 
18.8

     Database Screening Tool
 
9.0
 
9.5

Goodwill
 
Indefinite
 
87.0

Other
 
 
 
1.0

Total Assets Acquired
 
 
 
$
137.9

 
 
 
 
 
Total Liabilities Assumed
 
 
 
9.5

 
 
 
 
 
Total Purchase Price
 
 
 
$
128.4

Less:
 
 
 
 
     Cash Assumed
 
 
 
(4.2
)
     Acceleration of Vesting for NetProspex Options
 
 
 
0.3

 
 
 
 
 
Net Cash Consideration
 
 
 
$
124.5

On the acquisition date NetProspex’s outstanding options were accelerated for vesting. In accordance with ASC 805, the amounts paid for the acceleration of the vesting for the options that are without existing change in control clauses are treated as post-acquisition expense. As a result, $0.3 million was included in “Operating Costs” in our Americas segment for the three months ended March 31, 2015.
The technology intangible asset represents NetProspex’s data service platform and method to deliver customer services and solutions. The fair value of this intangible asset was determined by applying the income approach, specifically a relief-from-royalty method.
The database screening tool intangible asset is a key component in NetProspex’s data management process. It facilitates efficient identification and classification of data during collection as well as customer engagement. The fair value of this intangible asset was determined by applying the income approach through a discounted cash flow analysis.
The fair value of the customer relationships and data supply agreement intangible assets were determined by applying the income approach through a discounted cash flow analysis.
The fair value of the database intangible asset was determined by applying the replacement cost approach.
The goodwill was assigned to our North America reporting unit, which is part of the Americas reportable segment. The primary item that generated the goodwill is the value of NetProspex's technology and its process to deliver customer services as well as its database. The intangible assets, with useful lives from 2 to 9 years, are being amortized over a weighted-average useful life of 6.5 years. The intangibles have been recorded as “Trademarks, Patents and Other” within Other Intangibles in our consolidated balance sheet since the date of acquisition. The impact that the acquisition would have had on our results had the acquisition occurred at the beginning of 2015 was not material, and as such, pro forma financial results have not been presented.
Tax Treatment of Goodwill
The goodwill acquired is not deductible for tax purposes.

28

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)-continued
(Tabular dollar amounts in millions, except share and per share data)


Note 14 -- Contractual Obligations
As a result of a modification to our business process outsourcing agreement with Convergys Customer Management Group ("CCMG") effective January 1, 2015, we have updated the following table as of March 31, 2015:
Contractual Obligations
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Obligations to Outsourcers
 
$
134.0

 
$
75.8

 
$
31.1

 
$
21.3

 
$
18.4

 
$
56.2

 
$
336.8


Convergys Customer Management Group
In December 2010, we entered into a six-year business process outsourcing agreement effective January 1, 2011, with Convergys Customer Management Group (“CCMG”) in order to enhance our customer contact center solution. CCMG has transitioned contact center services previously outsourced principally to International Business Machines (“IBM”) as well as certain other smaller providers.
The transition of services to CCMG was based on a phased migration of business volume to CCMG that commenced in the second quarter of 2011 and was substantially completed by the fourth quarter of 2011. Services are primarily provided from CCMG locations in Omaha, Nebraska, the Philippines and India, on the basis of our requirements.
The primary scope of the agreement includes the following services for our North America business: (i) Inbound Customer Service, which principally involves the receipt of, response to and resolution of inquiries received from customers; (ii) Outbound Customer Service, which principally involves the collection, compilation and verification of information contained in our databases; and (iii) Data Update Service, which principally involves the bulk or discrete updates to the critical data elements about companies in our databases.
The agreement also specifies service level commitments required of CCMG for achievement of our customer satisfaction targets and a methodology for calculating credits to us if CCMG fails to meet certain service levels. In addition, CCMG’s performance under the agreement will be measured in part by our overall satisfaction of the program as measured by a customer satisfaction survey of our key internal business partners.
Effective January 1, 2015, we modified the original agreement to extend the services from December 31, 2016 through December 31, 2022.
In December 2011, we signed a five-year telephone agreement to support our small business customers’ telesales team. Effective January 1, 2015, this agreement was modified, extending the terms from December 31, 2016 through December 31, 2022.
After the first three years of service by CCMG, we have the right to terminate for convenience any or all of the services provided under the agreements upon one hundred eighty days prior written notice. The agreement provides for typical adjustments due to changes in volume, inflation and incremental project work. We incurred costs of approximately $21 million, $21 million, and $20 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. Total payments to CCMG over the remaining terms of the above contracts will aggregate to approximately $147 million.
Note 15 -- Subsequent Events
Dividend Declaration
In May 2015, the Board of Directors approved the declaration of a dividend of $0.4625 per share of common stock for the second quarter of 2015. This cash dividend will be payable on June 12, 2015 to shareholders of record at the close of business on May 28, 2015.






29


Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Business Overview
The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation (“Dun & Bradstreet” or “we” or “us” or “our” or the “Company”) grows the most valuable relationships in business. By uncovering truth and meaning from data, we connect customers with the prospects, suppliers, clients and partners that matter most, and have since 1841. Nearly ninety percent of the Fortune 500, and companies of every size around the world, rely on our data, insights and analytics.
Dun & Bradstreet provides solution sets that meet a diverse set of customer needs globally. Customers use D&B Risk Management Solutions™ to mitigate credit and supplier risk, increase cash flow and drive increased profitability, and D&B Sales & Marketing Solutions™ to provide data management capabilities that provide effective and cost efficient marketing solutions to increase revenue from new and existing customers.
How We Manage Our Business
For internal management purposes, we refer to “core revenue,” which we calculate as total operating revenue less the revenue of divested and other businesses. Core revenue is used to manage and evaluate the performance of our segments and to allocate resources because this measure provides an indication of the underlying changes in revenue in a single performance measure. Core revenue does not include reported revenue of divested and other businesses since they are not included in future revenue.
We also isolate the effects of changes in foreign exchange rates on our revenue growth because we believe it is useful for investors to be able to compare revenue from one period to another, both after and before the effects of foreign exchange. The change in our operating performance attributable to foreign currency rates is determined by converting both our prior and current periods by a constant rate. As a result, we monitor our core revenue growth both after and before the effects of foreign exchange.
From time to time we have analyzed and we may continue to further analyze core revenue growth before the effects of foreign exchange among two components, “organic core revenue growth” and “core revenue growth from acquisitions.” We analyze “organic core revenue growth” and “core revenue growth from acquisitions” because management believes this information provides important insight into the underlying health of our business. Core revenue includes the revenue from acquired businesses from the date of acquisition.

Effective January 1, 2015, in addition to reporting GAAP results, the Company evaluates performance and report on a total company basis and on a business segment level basis its results (such as revenue, operating income, operating income growth, operating margin, net income, tax rate and diluted earnings per share) on an “As Adjusted” basis. The term “As Adjusted” results refers to the following: the elimination of the effect on revenue due to purchase accounting fair value adjustments to deferred revenue; restructuring charges; other non-core gains and charges (such as gains and losses on sales of businesses, impairment charges and tax settlements); acquisition and divestiture-related fees (such as costs for bankers, legal fees, diligence costs and retention payments); and acquisition-related intangible amortization expense. A recurring component of our "As Adjusted" basis is our restructuring charges, which we believe do not reflect our underlying business performance. Such charges are variable from period to period based upon actions identified and taken during each period. Management reviews operating results on an “As Adjusted” basis on a monthly basis and establishes internal budgets and forecasts based upon such measures. Management further establishes annual and long-term compensation such as salaries, target cash bonuses and target equity compensation amounts based on performance on an “As Adjusted” basis and a significant percentage weight is placed upon performance on an “As Adjusted” basis in determining whether performance objectives have been achieved. Management believes that by reflecting these adjustments to our GAAP financial measures, business leaders are provided incentives to recommend and execute actions rather than being influenced by the potential impact one of these items can have in a particular period on their compensation. The Company adjusts for these items because they do not reflect the Company's underlying business performance and they may have a disproportionate positive or negative impact on the results of its ongoing business operations. We believe that the use of our non-GAAP financial measures provides useful supplemental information to our investors.
We monitor free cash flow as a measure of our business. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities minus capital expenditures and additions to computer software and other intangibles. Free cash flow measures our available cash flow for potential debt repayment, acquisitions, stock repurchases, dividend payments and additions to cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. We believe free cash flow to be relevant and useful to our investors as this measure is used by our management in evaluating the funding available after supporting our ongoing business operations and our portfolio of product investments.

30


Free cash flow should not be considered as a substitute measure for, or superior to, net cash flows provided by operating activities, investing activities or financing activities. Therefore, we believe it is important to view free cash flow as a complement to the consolidated statements of cash flows.
We report and monitor the performance of our Risk Management Solutions as Trade Credit and Other Enterprise Risk Management, and the results of our Sales & Marketing Solutions as Traditional Prospecting Solutions and Advanced Marketing Solutions. Trade Credit represents our traditional commercial credit products such as DNBi and all other products that help customers assess payment risk. Other Enterprise Risk Management includes all of our remaining Risk Management products, such as our compliance, supply chain and D&B Direct risk solutions. Traditional Prospecting Solutions includes our Hoovers, our educational marketing business Market Data Retrieval (“MDR”) and marketing list solutions. Advanced Marketing Solutions includes all of our remaining Sales & Marketing Solutions products including Optimizer, NetProspex and Data-as-a-Service (“DaaS”) (Customer Relationship Management (“CRM”) and D&B Direct sales and marketing solutions).
We evaluate our business based on the following supplemental revenue metrics: (1) for Trade Credit we will further evaluate it by “DNBi®” and “Other Trade Credit” and (2) for total revenue we will further evaluate it by “Direct” and “Alliance & Partners”. We define “DNBi” as our interactive, online application that offers customers a subscription based real time access to our most complete and up-to-date global information, comprehensive monitoring and portfolio. We define “Other Trade Credit”as products and services used to manage credit risk and to support our customers’ internal credit risk decisioning processes. We define “Direct” as when we hold the relationship with the end customer. We define “Alliance & Partners” as where we do not maintain the end relationship with the customer of our content (e.g. Alliances, Worldwide Network Partners, Third Party or Broker type relationships). Management believes these measures provide further insight into our revenue performance.
The adjustments discussed herein to our results as determined under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) are among the primary indicators management uses as a basis for our planning and forecasting of future periods, to allocate resources, to evaluate business performance and, as noted above, for compensation purposes. However, these financial measures (e.g., results on an "As Adjusted" basis and free cash flow) are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for total revenue, operating income, operating income growth, operating margin, net income, tax rate, diluted earnings per share, or net cash provided by operating activities, investing activities and financing activities prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, it should be noted that because not all companies calculate these financial measures similarly, or at all, the presentation of these financial measures is not likely to be comparable to measures of other companies.
See “Results of Operations” below for a discussion of our results reported on a GAAP basis.
Overview
Effective as of January 1, 2015, we changed our segment reporting structure in order to reflect the way management now makes operating decisions and manages the growth and profitability of the business. This change corresponds with management’s current approach of allocating costs and resources and assessing the performance of our segments. We report our segment information in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 280, “Segment Reporting.”
As a result, our new segment structure consists of the following two segments:
Americas (which consists of our operations in the United States (“U.S.”), Canada and Latin America); and
Non-Americas (which primarily consists of our operations in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”), the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia, Greater China, India and our Worldwide Network).
Prior to January 1, 2015, we managed and reported our business through the following three segments:
North America (which consisted of our operations in the U.S. and Canada);
Asia Pacific (which primarily consisted of our operations in Australia, Greater China, India and Asia Pacific Worldwide Network); and
Europe and other International Markets (which primarily consisted of our operations in the U.K., the Netherlands, Belgium, Latin America and our European Worldwide Network).
The financial statements of our subsidiaries outside of the U.S. and Canada reflect results for the three months ended February 28 in order to facilitate the timely reporting of the unaudited consolidated financial results and unaudited consolidated financial position.

31


The following table presents the contribution by segment to total revenue and core revenue:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Total Revenue:
 
 
 
Americas
75
%
 
74
%
Non-Americas
25
%
 
26
%
Core Revenue:
 
 
 
Americas
75
%
 
74
%
Non-Americas
25
%
 
26
%
The following table presents contributions by customer solution set to total revenue and core revenue:
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Total Revenue by Customer Solution Set (1):
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
64
%
 
65
%
Sales & Marketing Solutions
36
%
 
35
%
Core Revenue by Customer Solution Set:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
64
%
 
65
%
Sales & Marketing Solutions
36
%
 
35
%
(1)
Our Divested and Other Businesses contributed less than 1% to our total consolidated revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2014. See Note 10 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further detail.
Our customer solution sets are discussed in greater detail in “Item 1. Business” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
In preparing the unaudited consolidated financial statements and accounting for the underlying transactions and balances reflected therein, we have applied the critical accounting policies described in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
See Note 2 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for disclosure of the impact that recent accounting pronouncements may have on the unaudited consolidated financial statements.
Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon the unaudited consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes set forth in Item 1. of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial statements and related notes set forth in Item 8. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, all of which have been prepared in accordance with GAAP.

32


Consolidated Revenue
The following table presents our core and total revenue by segment:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Amounts in millions)
Revenue:
 
 
 
Americas
$
280.9

 
$
281.9

Non-Americas
95.3

 
99.9

Core Revenue
376.2

 
381.8

Divested and Other Businesses

 
0.1

Total Revenue
$
376.2

 
$
381.9

The following table presents our core and total revenue by customer solution set:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Amounts in millions)
Revenue:
 
 
 
Risk Management Solutions
$
239.7

 
$
249.5

Sales & Marketing Solutions
136.5

 
132.3

Core Revenue
376.2

 
381.8

Divested and Other Businesses

 
0.1

Total Revenue
$
376.2

 
$
381.9

Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
Total revenue decreased $5.7 million, or 1% (1% increase before the effect of foreign exchange), for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014. The decrease in total revenue was driven by a decrease in Non-Americas total revenue of $4.7 million, or 5% (3% increase before the effect of foreign exchange), and a decrease in Americas total revenue of $1.0 million, or less than 1% (both before and after the effect of foreign exchange).
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we acquired a 100% equity interest in NetProspex. In accordance with ASC 805, “Business Combinations,” deferred revenue at the acquisition date was recorded at fair value based on the estimated cost to provide the related services plus a reasonable profit margin on such costs. The impact of the deferred revenue fair value adjustment was $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. See Note 13 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further details.
Non-Americas total revenue was impacted by the ceasing of operations of our Ireland Small Corporate Registry Business, during the first quarter of 2014, which was reclassified as Divested and Other Businesses.
Core revenue, which reflects total revenue less revenue from Divested and Other Businesses, decreased $5.6 million, or 1% (1% increase before the effect of foreign exchange), for the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2014. The decrease was primarily due to:

The negative impact of foreign exchange;

Loss of a certain customer account and decreased commitment spend within our third-party alliances primarily due to competition and a shift in customer needs, which lowers our revenue from these alliances; and

Decreased revenue of our subscription plans primarily due to a decline in sales in prior quarters;

partially offset by:

Growth in our DaaS CRM alliances; and

33



Increased revenue associated with our acquisition of NetProspex, which was completed during the first quarter of 2015.
Customer Solution Sets
On a customer solution set basis, core revenue reflects:

A $9.8 million, or 4% decrease (1% decrease before the effect of foreign exchange), in Risk Management Solutions. The decrease was driven by a decrease in revenue in Americas of $5.6 million, or 3% (both before and after the effect of foreign exchange), and a decrease in revenue in Non-Americas of $4.2 million, or 5% (3% increase before the effect of foreign exchange); and

A $4.2 million, or 3% increase (4% increase before the effect of foreign exchange), in Sales & Marketing Solutions. The increase was driven by an increase in revenue in Americas of $4.6 million, or 4% (both before and after the effect of foreign exchange), partially offset by a decrease in Non-Americas of $0.4 million, or 3% (4% increase before the effect of foreign exchange).

Recent Developments
Shanghai Roadway D&B Marketing Services Co. Ltd.
On March 18, 2012, we announced we had temporarily suspended our Shanghai Roadway D&B Marketing Services Co. Ltd. (“Roadway”) operations in China, pending an investigation into allegations that its data collection practices may have violated local Chinese consumer data privacy laws. Thereafter, the Company decided to permanently cease the operations of Roadway. In addition, we have been reviewing certain allegations that we may have violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and certain other laws in our China operations. As previously reported, we have voluntarily contacted the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ”) to advise both agencies of our investigation, and we are continuing to meet with representatives of both the SEC and DOJ in connection therewith. Our investigation remains ongoing and is being conducted at the direction of the Audit Committee.
On September 28, 2012, Roadway was charged in a Bill of Prosecution, along with five former employees, by the Shanghai District Prosecutor with illegally obtaining private information of Chinese citizens. On December 28, 2012, the Chinese court imposed a monetary fine on Roadway and fines and imprisonment on four former Roadway employees. A fifth former Roadway employee was separated from the case.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we incurred $0.4 million of legal and other professional fees related to matters in China, as compared to $0.3 million of legal and other professional fees related to matters in China for the three months ended March 31, 2014.
As our investigation and our discussions with both the SEC and DOJ are ongoing, we cannot yet predict the ultimate outcome of the matter or its impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations. Based on our discussions with the SEC and DOJ, including an indication from the SEC in February and March 2015 of its initial estimate of the amount of net benefit potentially earned by the Company as a result of the challenged activities, we continue to believe that it is probable that the Company will incur a loss related to the government's investigation. We will be meeting with the Staff of the SEC to obtain and to further understand the assumptions and methodologies underlying their current estimate of net benefit and will subsequently provide a responsive position. The DOJ also advised the Company in February 2015 that they will be proposing terms of a potential settlement, but we are unable to predict the timing or terms of any such proposal. Accordingly, we are unable at this time to reasonably estimate the amount or range of any loss, although it is possible that the amount of such loss could be material. In accordance with ASC 450, “Contingencies,” or “ASC 450,” no amount in respect of any potential liability in this matter, including for penalties, fines or other sanctions, has been accrued in the consolidated financial statements.



34


Consolidated Operating Costs
The following table presents our consolidated operating costs and operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Amounts in millions)
Operating Expenses
$
134.6

 
$
128.3

Selling and Administrative Expenses
155.7

 
150.5

Depreciation and Amortization
14.9

 
15.9

Restructuring Charge
4.8