10-K 1 form10-k.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2015

 

Commission File Number 001-35570

 

CHANTICLEER HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in the charter)

 

Delaware   20-2932652
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification Number)

 

7621 Little Avenue, Suite 414, Charlotte, NC 28226

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (704) 366-5122

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $0.0001 par value

Common Stock Warrants, $5.00 exercise price

(Title of Class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. [  ] Yes [X] No.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. [  ] Yes [X] No.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [X] Yes [  ] No.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [X] Yes [  ] No.

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X] Yes [  ] No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]

Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). [  ] Yes [X] No.

 

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates was $30,632,579 based on the closing sale price of the Company’s Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ Stock Market on June 30, 2015.

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. There were 21,337,247 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of March 25, 2016.

 

 

 

   
 

  

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.

Form 10-K Index

 

    Page
     
Part I    
     
Item 1: Business 5
Item 1A: Risk Factors 9
Item 2: Properties 21
Item 3: Legal Proceedings 21
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures 21
     
Part II    
     
Item 5: Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 22
Item 6: Selected Financial Data 23
Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation 23
Item 7A: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 34
Item 8: Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 35
Item 9: Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 36
Item 9A: Controls and Procedures 36
Item 9B: Other Information 37
     
Part III    
     
Item 10: Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 38
Item 11: Executive Compensation 38
Item 12: Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 38
Item 13: Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 38
Item 14: Principal Accounting Fees and Services 38
     
Part IV    
     
Item 15: Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 39
Signatures   40
Exhibit Index 41

 

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Part I

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include projections, predictions, expectations or statements as to beliefs or future events or results or refer to other matters that are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by these statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report are based on various factors and were derived using numerous assumptions. In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by the words “anticipate”, “estimate”, “plan”, “project”, “continuing”, “ongoing”, “target”, “aim”, “expect”, “believe”, “intend”, “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, or the negative of those words and other comparable words. You should be aware that those statements reflect only the Company’s predictions. If known or unknown risks or uncertainties should materialize, or if underlying assumptions should prove inaccurate, actual results could differ materially from past results and those anticipated, estimated or projected. You should bear this in mind when reading this Annual Report and not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  Operating losses may continue for the foreseeable future; we may never be profitable;
     
  Inherent risks in expansion of operations, including our ability to acquire additional territories, generate profits from new restaurants, find suitable sites and develop and construct locations in a timely and cost-effective way;
     
  Inherent risks associated with acquiring and starting new restaurant concepts and store locations;
     
  General risk factors affecting the restaurant industry, including current economic climate, costs of labor and food prices;
     
  Intensive competition in our industry and competition with national, regional chains and independent restaurant operators;
     
  Our rights to operate and franchise the Hooters-branded restaurants are dependent on the Hooters’ franchise agreements;
     
  We do not have full operational control over the businesses of our franchise partners or operations where we hold less 100% ownership;
     
  Failure to protect our intellectual property rights, including the brand image of our restaurants;
     
  Our business has been adversely affected by declines in discretionary spending and may be affected by changes in consumer preferences;
     
  Increases in costs, including food, labor and energy prices;

 

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  Our business and the growth of our Company is dependent on the skills and expertise of management and key personnel;
     
  Constraints could affect our ability to maintain competitive cost structure, including, but not limited to labor constraints;
     
  Work stoppages at our restaurants or supplier facilities or other interruptions of production;
     
  Our food service business and the restaurant industry are subject to extensive government regulation;
     
 

We may be subject to significant foreign currency exchange controls in certain countries in which we operate;

 

  Inherent risk in foreign operations and currency fluctuations;
     
  Unusual expenses associated with our expansion into international markets;
     
  The risks associated with leasing space subject to long-term non-cancelable leases;
     
  We may not attain our target development goals and aggressive development could cannibalize existing sales;
     
  Current conditions in the global financial markets and the distressed economy;
     
  A decline in market share or failure to achieve growth;
     
 

Negative publicity about the ingredients we use or the potential occurrence of food-borne illnesses or other problems at our restaurants;

 

  Breaches of security of confidential consumer information related to our electronic processing of credit and debit card transactions;
     
  Unusual or significant litigation, governmental investigations or adverse publicity, or otherwise;
     
  Our debt financing agreements expose us to interest rate risks, contain obligations that may limit the flexibility of our operations, and may limit our ability to raise additional capital;
     
  Adverse effects on our results from a decrease in or cessation or clawback of government incentives related to investments; and
     
 

Adverse effects on our operations resulting from certain geo-political or other events.

 

You should also consider carefully the Risk Factors contained in Item 1A of Part I of this Annual Report, which address additional factors that could cause its actual results to differ from those set forth in the forward-looking statements and could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, operating results and financial condition. The risks discussed in this Annual Report are factors that, individually or in the aggregate, the Company believes could cause its actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider such disclosures to be a complete discussion of all potential risks or uncertainties.

 

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The forward-looking statements are based on information available to the Company as of the date hereof, and, except to the extent required by federal securities laws, the Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. In addition, the Company cannot assess the impact of each factor on its business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

Item 1: Business

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. (“Chanticleer” or the “Company”) is in the business of owning, operating and franchising fast casual dining concepts domestically and internationally. The Company was organized October 21, 1999, under its original name, Tulvine Systems, Inc., under the laws of the State of Delaware. On April 25, 2005, Tulvine Systems, Inc. formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Chanticleer Holdings, Inc., and on May 2, 2005, Tulvine Systems, Inc. merged with, and changed its name to, Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries presented below (collectively referred to as the “Company”):

 

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Name   Jurisdiction of Incorporation   Percent Owned   Name   Jurisdiction of Incorporation   Percent Owned
CHANTICLEER HOLDINGS, INC.   Delaware, USA                
Burger Business           Pacific Northwest Hooters        
American Roadside Burgers, Inc.   Delaware, USA   100%   Oregon Owl’s Nest, LLC   Oregon, USA   100%
ARB Stores           Jantzen Beach Wings, LLC   Oregon, USA   100%
American Roadside McBee, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   Tacoma Wings, LLC   Washington, USA   100%
American Burger Morehead, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%            
American Roadside Morrison, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   South African Hooters        
American Burger Ally, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   Hooters On The Buzz (Pty) Ltd   South Africa   95%
BGR Acquisition, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   Chanticleer South Africa (Pty) Ltd.   South Africa   100%
BGR Franchising, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%    Hooters Emperors Palace (Pty.) Ltd.   South Africa   88%
BGR Operations, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   Hooters PE (Pty) Ltd   South Africa   100%
BGR Old Town, LLC   Maryland, USA   100%   Hooters Ruimsig (Pty) Ltd.   South Africa   100%
BGR Dupont, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%    Hooters Umhlanga (Pty.) Ltd.   South Africa   90%
BGR Arlington, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   Hooters SA (Pty) Ltd   South Africa   78%
BGR Old Keene Mill, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   Hooters Willows Crossing (Pty) Ltd   South Africa   100%
BGR Potomac, LLC   Maryland, USA   100%            
BGR Cascades, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   Australian Hooters        
BGR Washingtonian, LLC   Maryland, USA   100%   HOTR AUSTRALIA PTY LTD   Australia   80%
BGR Tysons, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   HOTR CAMPBELLTOWN PTY LTD   Australia   80%
BGR Springfield Mall, LLC   Virginia, USA   100%   HOTR GOLD COAST PTY LTD   Australia   80%
Capitol Burger, LLC   Maryland, USA   100%   HOTR PARRAMATTA PTY LTD   Australia   80%
BT Burger Acquisition, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   HOTR PENRITH PTY LTD   Australia   80%
BT's Burgerjoint Biltmore, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   HOTR TOWNSVILLE PTY LTD   Australia   80%
BT's Burgerjoint Promenade, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%            
BT's Burgerjoint Sun Valley, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   European Hooters        
BT's Burgerjoint Rivergate LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   Chanticleer Holdings Limited   Jersey   100%
LBB Acquisition, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%   West End Wings LTD   United Kingdom   100%
Cuarto LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Crown Restaurants Kft.   Hungary   80%
Segundo LLC   Oregon, USA   100%            
Noveno LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Inactive Entities        
Primero LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Hooters Brazil   Brazil   100%
Septimo LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   DineOut SA Ltd.   England   89%
Quinto LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Avenel Financial Services, LLC   Nevada, USA   100%
Octavo LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Avenel Ventures, LLC   Nevada, USA   100%
Sexto LLC   Oregon, USA   100%   Chanticleer Advisors, LLC   Nevada, USA   100%
            Chanticleer Investment Partners, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%
Just Fresh           Dallas Spoon Beverage, LLC   Texas, USA   100%
JF Franchising Systems, LLC   North Carolina, USA   56%   Dallas Spoon, LLC   Texas, USA   100%
JF Restaurants, LLC   North Carolina, USA   56%   Hoot Campbelltown Pty Ltd   Australia   60%
            Chanticleer Holdings Australia Pty, Ltd.   Australia   100%
            Hoot Australia Pty Ltd   Australia   60%
            TMIX Management Australia Pty Ltd.   Australia   60%
            Hoot Parramatta Pty Ltd   Australia   60%
            Hoot Penrith Pty Ltd   Australia   60%
            Hoot Gold Coast Pty Ltd   Australia   60%
            Hoot Townsville Pty. Ltd   Australia   60%
            Hoot Surfers Paradise Pty. Ltd.   Australia   60%
            MVLE DARLING HARBOUR PTY LTD   Australia   50%
            MVLE GAMING PTY LTD   Australia   100%
            American Roadside Cross Hill, LLC   North Carolina, USA   100%

 

Restaurant Brands

 

Hooters Full Service

 

Hooters restaurants are casual beach-themed establishments featuring music, sports on large flat screens, and a menu that includes seafood, sandwiches, burgers, salads, and of course, Hooters original chicken wings and the “nearly world famous” Hooters Girls. The menu of each location can vary with the local tastes. Hooters began in 1983 with its first restaurant in Clearwater, Florida. From the original restaurant and licensee Mr. Robert Brooks, Hooters has become a global brand, with 430 Hooters restaurants in over 28 countries.

 

We own and operate fifteen Hooters full service restaurants in the United States, Australia, South Africa, Hungary and the United Kingdom. We expect to expand our Hooters operations in the following areas: United Kingdom, South Africa, and Australia. We may also expand in the United States and other international markets on a case-by-case basis.

 

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Better Burgers Fast Casual

 

We operate and franchise a system-wide total of forty fast casual restaurants specializing the “Better Burger” category of which twenty-seven are company-owned and thirteen are owned and operated by franchisees under franchise agreements.

 

American Burger Company (“ABC”) is a fast casual dining chain consisting of five locations in North Carolina, South Carolina and New York, known for its diverse menu featuring fresh salads, customized burgers, milk shakes, sandwiches, and beer and wine. BT’s Burger Joint (“BT”) was acquired in July 2015 and consists of four locations in North Carolina. We are rebranding the BT’s locations under the American Burger Company brand to increase consistency and brand recognition in the Carolinas market. With the addition of the BT’s locations, ABC is now the second largest better burger brand in the Charlotte, NC area, just behind Five Guys.

 

BGR: The Burger Joint (“BGR”) was acquired in March 2015 and consists of ten company-owned locations in the United States and thirteen franchisee-operated locations in the United States and the Middle East.

 

On September 30, 2015, Little Big Burger (“LBB”) was acquired, adding eight locations in Oregon.

 

We expect to expand our better burger business through a combination of company stores, franchising and partnerships in the United States. We are also exploring opportunities to expand our better burger business internationally, primarily focusing on those regions where we operate Hooters restaurants to leverage our local infrastructure and management teams across multiple brands.

 

Just Fresh Fast Casual

 

We operate Just Fresh, our healthier eating fast casual concept with seven company owned locations in Charlotte, North Carolina. Just Fresh offers fresh-squeezed juices, gourmet coffee, fresh-baked goods and premium-quality, made-to-order sandwiches, salads and soups. We currently hold a 56% controlling interest in Just Fresh.

 

We expect to expand our Just Fresh business in North Carolina primarily through the opening of additional company stores in our current market. We are also exploring opportunities to expand our Just Fresh business through franchising in United States and internationally.

  

Restaurant Geographic Locations

 

United States

 

We currently operate ABC, BGR, BT and LBB restaurants in the United States as our Better Burger Group. ABC and BT’s are located in North Carolina, South Carolina and New York. BGR operates company restaurants in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States, as well as franchise locations in the US and internationally. LBB operates in the Portland and Eugene, Oregon areas.

 

We operate Just Fresh restaurants in the Charlotte, North Carolina area.

 

We operate Hooters restaurants in Tacoma, Washington and Portland, Oregon (“Hooters Pacific NW”). We also operate gaming machines in Portland, Oregon under license from the Oregon Lottery Commission.

 

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South Africa

 

We currently own and operate six Hooters locations in South Africa: Durban, Pretoria, Port Elizabeth and Johannesburg (three locations).

 

Europe

 

We currently own 100% of West End Wings, Ltd, the entity that holds the franchise rights and operates the Hooters restaurant in Nottingham, England (“Hooters Nottingham”). We currently own 80% of CRK, the entity that holds the Hooters franchise rights and operates the Hooters restaurant in Budapest, Hungary, and our local partner owns the remaining 20%.

 

Australia

 

We own 80% of the Australia Hooters stores, with five locations in Sydney, Gold Coast and Townsville.

  

Competition

 

The restaurant industry is extremely competitive. We compete with other restaurants on the taste, quality and price of our food offerings. Additionally, we compete with other restaurants on service, ambience, location and overall customer experience. We believe that the unique atmosphere of our restaurants and the focus on quality and flavor of our food enable us to differentiate ourselves from our competitors. We believe that we compete primarily with local and regional sports bars and national casual dining and quick casual establishments, and to a lesser extent with quick service restaurants in general. Many of our competitors are well-established national, regional or local chains and many have greater financial and marketing resources than we do. We also compete with other restaurant and retail establishments for site locations and restaurant employees.

 

Proprietary Rights

 

We use the “Hooters” mark and certain other service marks and trademarks used in our Hooters restaurants pursuant to our franchise agreements with Hooters of America.

 

We also have trademarks and trade names associated with our Just Fresh, American Burger, BGR and Little Big Burger businesses. We believe that the trademarks, service marks and other proprietary rights that we use in our restaurants have significant value and are important to our brand-building efforts and the marketing of our restaurant concepts. Although we believe that we have sufficient rights to all of our trademarks and service marks, we may face claims of infringement that could interfere with our ability to market our restaurants and promote our brand. Any such litigation may be costly and divert resources from our business. Moreover, if we are unable to successfully defend against such claims, we may be prevented from using our trademarks or service marks in the future and may be liable for damages.

 

Government Regulation

 

The restaurant industry is subject to numerous federal, state and local governmental regulations, including those relating to the preparation and sale of food and alcoholic beverages, sanitation, public health, fire codes, zoning, and building requirements. Each restaurant requires appropriate licenses from regulatory authorities allowing it to sell liquor, beer and wine, and each restaurant requires food service licenses from local health authorities. Our licenses to sell alcoholic beverages may be suspended or revoked at any time for cause, including violation by us or our employees of any law or regulation pertaining to alcoholic beverage control. We are subject to various regulations by foreign governments related to the sale of food and alcoholic beverages and to health, sanitation and fire and safety standards. Compliance with these laws and regulations may lead to increased costs and operational complexity and may increase our exposure to governmental investigations or litigation.

 

We are also subject to regulations in Oregon where we operate gaming machines. Gaming operations are generally highly regulated and conducted under the permission and oversight of the state or local gaming commission, lottery or other government agencies.

 

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Corporate Information

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 7621 Little Avenue, Suite 414, Charlotte, NC 28226. Our web site is www.chanticleerholdings.com.

 

EMPLOYEES

 

At December 31, 2015, our locations had approximately 745 full-time employees, including 351 in South Africa, 23 in Hungary, 19 in the United Kingdom, 147 in Australia and 205 in the United States. Approximately 25 of our South African employees are represented by a labor union. We have experienced no work stoppage and believe that our employee relationships are good.

 

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

We make available free of charge through our website, www.chanticleerholdings.com, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and amendments to those reports and statements filed pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The public may read and copy any materials we file with or furnish to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549, on official business days during the hours of 10:00 am to 3:00 pm. The public may also obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Furthermore, the SEC maintains a free website (www.sec.gov) which includes reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding us and other issuers that file electronically with the SEC. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Additionally, we make available free of charge on our internet website: our Code of Ethics; the charter of our Nominating Committee; the charter of our Compensation Committee; and the charter of our Audit Committee.

 

Item 1A: Risk Factors

 

Investing in our common stock involves risks. Prospective investors in our common stock should carefully consider, among other things, the following risk factors in connection with the other information and financial statements contained in this Report. We have identified the following factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward looking statements we may make from time to time.

 

We operate in a continually changing business environment in which new risk factors emerge from time to time. We can neither predict these new risk factors, nor can we assess the impact, if any, of these new risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward looking statement. If any of these risks, or combination of risks, actually occurs, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously and materially harmed, and the trading price of our common stock could decline. All forward-looking statements in this document are based on information available to us as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligations to update any such forward-looking statements.

  

Risks Related to Our Company and Industry

 

We have not been profitable to date and expect our operating losses to continue for the foreseeable future; we may never be profitable.

 

We have incurred operating losses and generated negative cash flows since our inception and have financed our operations principally through equity investments and borrowings. At this time, our ability to generate sufficient revenues to fund operations is uncertain. For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, we had net revenue of $42.4 million and incurred a net loss of $12.1 million. Our total accumulated deficit through December 31, 2015, was $33.0 million.

 

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As a result of our brief operating history, future profitability is difficult to predict with certainty. Failure to achieve profitability could materially and adversely affect the value of our Company and our ability to effect additional financings. The success of the business depends on our ability to increase revenues to offset expenses. If our revenues fall short of projections, our business, financial condition and operating results will be materially adversely affected.

 

Our financial statements have been prepared assuming a going concern.

 

our independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our financial statement as of December 31, 2015, were prepared under the assumption that will continue as a going concern for the next twelve months. Our independent registered public accounting firm has issued a report that includes an explanatory paragraph referring to our losses from operations and expressing substantial doubt in our ability to continue as a going concern without additional capital becoming available. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to obtain additional financing, obtain further operating efficiencies, reduce expenditures and ultimately, create profitable operations. Such financings may not available or may not be available on reasonable terms. Our financial statements do not include adjustments that result from the outcome of this uncertainly.

 

The recent acquisitions, as well as future acquisitions, may have unanticipated consequences that could harm our business and our financial condition.

 

Any acquisition that we pursue, whether or not successfully completed, may involve risks, including:

 

  material adverse effects on our operating results, particularly in the fiscal quarters immediately following the acquisition as the acquired restaurants and bar concepts are integrated into our operations;
     
  risks associated with entering into markets or conducting operations where we have no or limited prior experience;
     
  problems retaining key personnel;
     
  potential impairment of tangible and intangible assets and goodwill acquired in the acquisition;
     
  potential unknown liabilities;
     
  difficulties of integration and failure to realize anticipated synergies; and
     
  disruption of our ongoing business, including diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns.

  

Future acquisitions of restaurants or other businesses, which may be accomplished through a cash purchase transaction, the issuance of our equity securities or a combination of both, could result in potentially dilutive issuances of our equity securities, the incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities and impairment charges related to goodwill and other intangible assets, any of which could harm our business and financial condition.

 

There are risks inherent in expansion of operations, including our ability to generate profits from new restaurants, find suitable sites and develop and construct locations in a timely and cost-effective way.

 

We cannot project with certainty the number the number of new restaurants we and our partners will open in accordance with our present plans and within the timeline or the budgets that we currently project. In addition, our franchise agreements with Hooters of America (“HOA”) provide that we must exercise our option to open additional restaurants within each of our territories by a certain date set forth in the development schedule and that each such restaurant must be open by such date. If we fail to timely exercise any option or if we fail to open any additional restaurant by the required restaurant opening date, all of our rights to develop the rest of the option territory will expire automatically and without further notice.

 

Our failure to effectively develop locations in new territories would adversely affect our ability to execute our business plan by, among other things, reducing our revenues and profits and preventing us from realizing our strategy. Furthermore, we cannot assure you that our new restaurants will generate revenues or profit margins consistent with those currently operated by us.

 

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The number of openings and the performance of new locations will depend on various factors, including:

 

  the availability of suitable sites for new locations;
     
  our ability to negotiate acceptable lease or purchase terms for new locations, obtain adequate financing, on favorable terms, required to construct, build-out and operate new locations and meet construction schedules, and hire and train and retain qualified restaurant managers and personnel;
     
  managing construction and development costs of new restaurants at affordable levels;
     
  the establishment of brand awareness in new markets; and
     
  the ability of our Company to manage expansion.

 

Additionally, competition for suitable restaurant sites in target markets is intense. We have opened and plan to continue opening restaurants in markets where we have little or no operating experience. Restaurants we open in new markets may take longer to reach expected sales and profit levels on a consistent basis and may have higher construction, occupancy or operating costs than restaurants we open in existing markets, thereby affecting our overall profitability.

 

New markets may have competitive conditions, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns that are more difficult to predict or satisfy than our existing markets. We may need to make greater investments than we originally planned in advertising and promotional activity in new markets to build brand awareness. We may find it more difficult in new markets to hire, motivate and keep qualified employees who share our vision, passion and culture. We may also incur higher costs from entering new markets if, for example, we assign regional managers to manage comparatively fewer restaurants than in more developed markets.

 

We may not be able to successfully develop critical market presence for our brand in new geographical markets, as we may be unable to find and secure attractive locations, build name recognition or attract new customers. Inability to fully implement or failure to successfully execute our plans to enter new markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Not all of these factors are within our control or the control of our partners, and there can be no assurance that we will be able to accelerate our growth or that we will be able to manage the anticipated expansion of our operations effectively.

 

We have debt financing arrangements, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial health and our ability to obtain financing in the future, and may impair our ability to react quickly to changes in our business.

 

Our exposure to debt financing could limit our ability to satisfy our obligations, limit our ability to operate our business and impair our competitive position. For example, it could:

 

  increase our vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions, including interest rate fluctuations, because a portion of our borrowings are at variable rates of interest;
     
  require us to dedicate future cash flows to the repayment of debt, reducing the availability of cash to fund working capital, capital expenditures or other general corporate purposes;
     
  limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and industry; and
     
  limit our ability to obtain additional debt or equity financing due to applicable financial and restrictive covenants contained in our debt agreements.

  

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We may also incur additional indebtedness in the future, which could materially increase the impact of these risks on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Litigation and unfavorable publicity could negatively affect our results of operations as well as our future business.

 

We are subject to potential for litigation and other customer complaints concerning our food safety, service and/or other operational factors. Guests may file formal litigation complaints that we are required to defend, whether or not we believe them to be true. Substantial, complex or extended litigation could have an adverse effect on our results of operations if we incur substantial defense costs and our management is distracted. Employees may also, from time to time, bring lawsuits against us regarding injury, discrimination, wage and hour, and other employment issues. Additionally, potential disputes could subject us to litigation alleging non-compliance with franchise, development, support service, or other agreements. Additionally, we are subject to the risk of litigation by our stockholders as a result of factors including, but not limited to, performance of our stock price.

 

In certain states we are subject to “dram shop” statutes, which generally allow a person injured by an intoxicated person the right to recover damages from an establishment that wrongfully served alcoholic beverages to the intoxicated person. Some dram shop litigation against restaurant companies has resulted in significant judgments, including punitive damages. We carry liquor liability coverage as part of our existing comprehensive general liability insurance, but we cannot provide assurance that this insurance will be adequate in the event we are found liable in a dram shop case.

 

In recent years there has been an increase in the use of social media platforms and similar devices that allow individuals’ access to a broad audience of consumers and other interested persons. The availability of information on social media platforms is virtually immediate in its impact. A variety of risks are associated with the use of social media, including the improper disclosure of proprietary information, negative comments about our Company, exposure of personally identifiable information, fraud or outdated information. The inappropriate use of social media platforms by our guests, employees or other individuals could increase our costs, lead to litigation, or result in negative publicity that could damage our reputation. If we are unable to quickly and effectively respond, we may suffer declines in guest traffic, which could materially affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Food safety and foodborne illness concerns could have an adverse effect on our business.

 

We cannot guarantee that our internal controls and training will be fully effective in preventing all food safety issues at our restaurants, including any occurrences of foodborne illnesses such as salmonella, E. coli and hepatitis A. In addition, there is no guarantee that our franchise restaurants will maintain the high levels of internal controls and training we require at our company-operated restaurants.

 

Furthermore, we and our franchisees rely on third-party vendors, making it difficult to monitor food safety compliance and increasing the risk that foodborne illness would affect multiple locations rather than a single restaurant. Some foodborne illness incidents could be caused by third-party vendors and transporters outside of our control. New illnesses resistant to our current precautions may develop in the future, or diseases with long incubation periods could arise, that could give rise to claims or allegations on a retroactive basis. One or more instances of foodborne illness in any of our restaurants or markets or related to food products we sell could negatively affect our restaurant revenue nationwide if highly publicized on national media outlets or through social media.

 

This risk exists even if it were later determined that the illness was wrongly attributed to us or one of our restaurants. A number of other restaurant chains have experienced incidents related to foodborne illnesses that have had a material adverse effect on their operations. The occurrence of a similar incident at one or more of our restaurants, or negative publicity or public speculation about an incident, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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We operate in the highly competitive restaurant industry. If we are not able to compete effectively, it will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face significant competition from restaurants in the fast casual dining and traditional fast food segments of the restaurant industry. These segments are highly competitive with respect to, among other things, taste, price, food quality and presentation, service, location and the ambience and condition of each restaurant. Our competition includes a variety of locally owned restaurants and national and regional chains offering dine-in, carry-out, delivery and catering services. Many of our competitors have existed longer and have a more established market presence with substantially greater financial, marketing, personnel and other resources than we do. Among our competitors are a number of multi-unit, multi-market, fast casual restaurant concepts, some of which are expanding nationally. As we expand, we will face competition from these restaurant concepts as well as new competitors that strive to compete with our market segments. These competitors may have, among other things, lower operating costs, better locations, better facilities, better management, more effective marketing and more efficient operations. Additionally, we face the risk that new or existing competitors will copy our business model, menu options, presentation or ambience, among other things.

 

Any inability to successfully compete with the restaurants in our markets and other restaurant segments will place downward pressure on our customer traffic and may prevent us from increasing or sustaining our revenue and profitability. Consumer tastes, nutritional and dietary trends, traffic patterns and the type, number and location of competing restaurants often affect the restaurant business, and our competitors may react more efficiently and effectively to those conditions. Several of our competitors compete by offering menu items that are specifically identified as low in carbohydrates, gluten-free or healthier for consumers. In addition, many of our traditional fast food restaurant competitors offer lower-priced menu options or meal packages, or have loyalty programs. Our sales could decline due to changes in popular tastes, “fad” food regimens, such as low carbohydrate diets, and media attention on new restaurants. If we are unable to continue to compete effectively, our traffic, sales and restaurant contribution could decline which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

  

Our rights to operate and franchise Hooters-branded restaurants are dependent on the Hooters’ franchise agreements.

 

Our rights to operate and franchise Hooters-branded restaurants, and our ability to conduct our business are derived principally from the rights granted or to be granted to us by Hooters in our franchise agreements. As a result, our ability to continue operating in our current capacity is dependent on the continuation and renewal of our contractual relationship with Hooters.

 

In the event Hooters does not grant us franchises to acquire additional locations or terminates our existing franchise agreements, we would be unable to operate and/or expand our Hooters-branded restaurants, identify our business with Hooters or use any of Hooters’ intellectual property. As the Hooters brand and our relationship with Hooters are among our competitive strengths, the failure to grant or the expiration or termination of the franchise agreements would materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.

 

Our business depends on our relationship with Hooters and changes in this relationship may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Pursuant to the franchise agreements, Hooters has the ability to exercise substantial influence over the conduct of our business. We must comply with Hooters’ high quality standards. We cannot transfer the equity interests of our subsidiaries without Hooters’ consent, and Hooters has the right to control many of the locations’ daily operations.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, Hooters has no obligation to fund our operations. In addition, Hooters does not guarantee any of our financial obligations, including trade payables or outstanding indebtedness, and has no obligation to do so. If the terms of the franchise agreements excessively restrict our ability to operate our business or if we are unable to satisfy our obligations under the franchise agreements, our business, results of operations and financial condition would be materially and adversely affected.

 

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We do not have full operational control over the businesses where we control less than 100% ownership.

 

We are and will be dependent on our partners to maintain quality, service and cleanliness standards, and their failure to do so could materially affect our brands and harm our future growth. We do not presently have formal written agreements in place with any of our partners regarding these types of matters. Although we intend to exercise significant control over partners through written agreements in the future, our partners will continue to have some flexibility in the operations, including the ability to set prices for our products in their restaurants, hire employees and select certain service providers. In addition, it is possible that some partners may not operate their restaurants in accordance with our quality, service and cleanliness, health or product standards. Although we intend to take corrective measures if partners fail to maintain high quality service and cleanliness standards, we may not be able to identify and rectify problems with sufficient speed and, as a result, our image and operating results may be negatively affected.

 

A failure by Hooters to protect its intellectual property rights, including its brand image, could harm our results of operations.

 

The profitability of our Hooters business depends in part on consumers’ perception of the strength of the Hooters brand. Under the terms of our franchise agreements, we are required to assist Hooters with protecting its intellectual property rights in our jurisdictions. Nevertheless, any failure by Hooters to protect its proprietary rights in the world could harm its brand image, which could affect our competitive position and our results of operations.

 

Our business could be adversely affected by declines in discretionary spending and may be affected by changes in consumer preferences.

 

Our success depends, in part, upon the popularity of our food products. Shifts in consumer preferences away from our restaurants or cuisine could harm our business. Also, our success depends to a significant extent on discretionary consumer spending, which is influenced by general economic conditions and the availability of discretionary income. Accordingly, we may experience declines in sales during economic downturns or during periods of uncertainty. A continuing decline in the amount of discretionary spending could have a material adverse effect on our sales, results of operations, and business and financial condition.

  

Increases in costs, including food, labor and energy prices, will adversely affect our results of operations.

 

Our profitability is dependent on our ability to anticipate and react to changes in our operating costs, including food, labor, occupancy (including utilities and energy), insurance and supplies costs. Various factors beyond our control, including climatic changes and government regulations, may affect food costs. Specifically, our dependence on frequent, timely deliveries of fresh meat and produce subject us to the risks of possible shortages or interruptions in supply caused by adverse weather or other conditions which could adversely affect the availability and cost of any such items. In the past, we have been able to recover some of our higher operating costs through increased menu prices. There have been, and there may be in the future, delays in implementing such menu price increases, and competitive pressures may limit our ability to recover such cost increases in their entirety. 

 

Our ability to maintain consistent price and quality throughout our restaurants depends in part upon our ability to acquire specified food products and supplies in sufficient quantities from third-party vendors, suppliers and distributors at a reasonable cost. We do not control the businesses of our vendors, suppliers and distributors, and our efforts to specify and monitor the standards under which they perform may not be successful. If any of our vendors or other suppliers are unable to fulfill their obligations to our standards, or if we are unable to find replacement providers in the event of a supply or service disruption, we could encounter supply shortages and incur higher costs to secure adequate supplies, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Furthermore, if our current vendors or other suppliers are unable to support our expansion into new markets, or if we are unable to find vendors to meet our supply specifications or service needs as we expand, we could likewise encounter supply shortages and incur higher costs to secure adequate supplies, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Changes in employment laws and minimum wage standards may adversely affect our business.

 

Labor is a primary component in the cost of operating our restaurants. If we face labor shortages or increased labor costs because of increased competition for employees, higher employee turnover rates, increases in the federal, state or local minimum wage or other employee benefits costs (including costs associated with health insurance coverage), our operating expenses could increase and our growth could be negatively impacted.

 

In addition, our success depends in part upon our ability to attract, motivate and retain a sufficient number of well-qualified restaurant operators and management personnel, as well as a sufficient number of other qualified employees, including customer service and kitchen staff, to keep pace with our expansion schedule. In addition, restaurants have traditionally experienced relatively high employee turnover rates. Although we have not yet experienced significant problems in recruiting or retaining employees, our ability to recruit and retain such individuals may delay the planned openings of new restaurants or result in higher employee turnover in existing restaurants, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Various federal and state labor laws govern the relationship with our employees and impact operating costs. These laws include employee classification as exempt or non-exempt for overtime and other purposes, minimum wage requirements, unemployment tax rates, workers’ compensation rates, immigration status and other wage and benefit requirements. Significant additional government-imposed increases in the following areas could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations:

 

  minimum wages;
     
  mandatory health benefits;
     
  vacation accruals;
     
  paid leaves of absence, including paid sick leave; and
     
  tax reporting.

 

We could also become subject to fines, penalties and other costs related to claims that we did not fully comply with all recordkeeping obligations of federal and state immigration compliance laws. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are subject to all of the risks associated with leasing space subject to long-term non-cancelable leases.

 

We lease substantially all of the real property and we expect the new restaurants we open in the future will also be leased. We are obligated under non-cancelable leases for our restaurants and our corporate headquarters. Our restaurant leases generally require us to pay a proportionate share of real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance charges and other operating costs. Some restaurant leases provide for contingent rental payments based on sales thresholds, although we generally do not expect to pay significant contingent rent on these properties based on the thresholds in those leases. Additional sites that we lease are likely to be subject to similar long-term non-cancelable leases.

 

If an existing or future restaurant is not profitable, and we decide to close it, we may nonetheless be committed to perform our obligations under the applicable lease including, among other things, paying the base rent for the balance of the lease term. In addition, as each of our leases expires, we may fail to negotiate renewals, either on commercially acceptable terms or at all, which could cause us to pay increased occupancy costs or to close restaurants in desirable locations. These potential increased occupancy costs and closed restaurants could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our business and the growth of our Company are dependent on the skills and expertise of management and key personnel.

 

During the upcoming stages of our Company’s anticipated growth, we will be entirely dependent upon the management skills and expertise of our management and key personnel, including Michael Pruitt, our current Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Pruitt also sits on HOA’s board of directors. The loss of services of Mr. Pruitt or other executive officers would dramatically affect our business prospects. Certain of our employees are particularly valuable to us because:

 

  they have specialized knowledge about our company and operations;
     
  they have specialized skills that are important to our operations; or
     
  they would be particularly difficult to replace.

 

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In the event that the services of Mr. Pruitt or any key management personnel ceased to be available to us, our growth prospects or future operating results may be adversely impacted.

 

Our food service business, gaming revenues and the restaurant industry are subject to extensive government regulation.

 

We are subject to extensive and varied country, federal, state and local government regulation, including regulations relating to public health, gambling, safety and zoning codes. We operate each of our locations in accordance with standards and procedures designed to comply with applicable codes and regulations. However, if we could not obtain or retain food or other licenses, it would adversely affect our operations. Although we have not experienced, and do not anticipate experiencing any significant difficulties, delays or failures in obtaining required licenses, permits or approvals, any such problem could delay or prevent the opening of, or adversely impact the viability of, a particular location or group of restaurants.

 

We may be subject to significant foreign currency exchange controls in certain countries in which we operate.

 

Certain foreign economies have experienced shortages in foreign currency reserves and their respective governments have adopted restrictions on the ability to transfer funds out of the country and convert local currencies into U.S. dollars. This may increase our costs and limit our ability to convert local currency into U.S. dollars and transfer funds out of certain countries. Any shortages or restrictions may impede our ability to convert these currencies into U.S. dollars and to transfer funds, including for the payment of dividends or interest or principal on our outstanding debt. In the event that any of our subsidiaries are unable to transfer funds to us due to currency restrictions, we are responsible for any resulting shortfall.

  

Our foreign operations subject us to risks that could negatively affect our business.

 

We expect most of our Hooters restaurants will be operated in foreign countries and territories outside of the U.S. As a result, our business is exposed to risks inherent in foreign operations. These risks, which can vary substantially by market, include political instability, corruption, social and ethnic unrest, changes in economic conditions (including wage and commodity inflation, consumer spending and unemployment levels), the regulatory environment, tax rates and laws and consumer preferences as well as changes in the laws and policies that govern foreign investment in countries where our restaurants are operated.

 

In addition, our results of operations and the value of our foreign assets are affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, which may adversely affect reported earnings. More specifically, an increase in the value of the United States Dollar relative to other currencies, such as the Australian Dollar, the British Pound, the Euro and the South African Rand could have an adverse effect on our reported earnings. There can be no assurance as to the future effect of any such changes on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

 

We may not attain our target development goals and aggressive development could cannibalize existing sales.

 

Our growth strategy depends in large part on our ability to increase our net restaurant count. The successful development of new units will depend in large part on our ability and the ability of our franchisees to open new restaurants and to operate these restaurants on a profitable basis. We cannot guarantee that we, or our franchisees, will be able to achieve our expansion goals or that new restaurants will be operated profitably. Further, there is no assurance that any new restaurant will produce operating results similar to those of our existing restaurants. Other risks that could impact our ability to increase our net restaurant count include prevailing economic conditions and our, or our franchisees’/partners’, ability to obtain suitable restaurant locations, obtain required permits and approvals in a timely manner and hire and train qualified personnel.

 

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Our franchisee operators also frequently depend upon financing from banks and other financial institutions in order to construct and open new restaurants. If it becomes more difficult or expensive for our franchisees/partners to obtain financing to develop new restaurants, our planned growth could slow and our future revenue and cash flows could be adversely impacted.

 

In addition, the new restaurants could impact the sales of our existing restaurants nearby. It is not our intention to open new restaurants that materially cannibalize the sales of our existing restaurants. However, as with most growing retail and restaurant operations, there can be no assurance that sales cannibalization will not occur or become more significant in the future as we increase our presence in existing markets over time.

 

Changing conditions in the global economy and financial markets may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and ability to raise capital.

 

Our business and results of operations may be materially affected by conditions in the financial markets and the economy generally. The demand for our products could be adversely affected in an economic downturn and our revenues may decline under such circumstances. In addition, we may find it difficult, or we may not be able, to access the credit or equity markets, or we may experience higher funding costs in the event of adverse market conditions. Future instability in these markets could limit our ability to access the capital we require to fund and grow our business. 

 

Changes to accounting rules or regulations may adversely affect the reporting of our results of operations.

 

Changes to existing accounting rules or regulations may impact the reporting of our future results of operations or cause the perception that we are more highly leveraged. Other new accounting rules or regulations and varying interpretations of existing accounting rules or regulations have occurred and may occur in the future. For instance, accounting regulatory authorities have indicated that they will require lessees to capitalize operating leases in their financial statements. Such a change would require us to record significant lease obligations on our balance sheet and make other changes to our financial statements. This and other future changes to accounting rules or regulations could have a material adverse effect on the reporting of our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, many existing accounting standards require management to make subjective assumptions, such as those required for stock compensation, tax matters, franchise accounting, acquisitions, litigation, and asset impairment calculations. Changes in accounting standards or changes in underlying assumptions, estimates and judgments by our management could significantly change our reported or expected financial performance.

  

We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property, which could harm the value of our brand and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our intellectual property is material to the conduct of our business. Our ability to implement our business plan successfully depends in part on our ability to further build brand recognition using our trademarks, service marks, trade dress and other proprietary intellectual property, including our name and logos and the unique ambience of our restaurants. While it is our policy to protect and defend vigorously our rights to our intellectual property, we cannot predict whether steps taken by us to protect our intellectual property rights will be adequate to prevent misappropriation of these rights or the use by others of restaurant features based upon, or otherwise similar to, our restaurant concept. It may be difficult for us to prevent others from copying elements of our concept and any litigation to enforce our rights will likely be costly and may not be successful. Although we believe that we have sufficient rights to all of our trademarks and service marks, we may face claims of infringement that could interfere with our ability to market our restaurants and promote our brand. Any such litigation may be costly and could divert resources from our business. Moreover, if we are unable to successfully defend against such claims, we may be prevented from using our trademarks or service marks in the future and may be liable for damages, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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In addition, we license certain of our proprietary intellectual property, including our name and logos, to third parties. For example, we grant our franchisees and licensees a right to use certain of our trademarks in connection with their operation of the applicable restaurant. If a franchisee or other licensee fails to maintain the quality of the restaurant operations associated with the licensed trademarks, our rights to, and the value of, our trademarks could potentially be harmed. Negative publicity relating to the franchisee or licensee could also be incorrectly associated with us, which could harm our business. Failure to maintain, control and protect our trademarks and other proprietary intellectual property would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and on our ability to enter into new franchise agreements.

 

We may incur costs resulting from breaches of security of confidential consumer information related to our electronic processing of credit and debit card transactions.

 

The majority of our restaurant sales are by credit or debit cards. Other restaurants and retailers have experienced security breaches in which credit and debit card information has been stolen. We may in the future become subject to claims for purportedly fraudulent transactions arising out of the actual or alleged theft of credit or debit card information, and we may also be subject to lawsuits or other proceedings relating to these types of incidents. In addition, most states have enacted legislation requiring notification of security breaches involving personal information, including credit and debit card information. Any such claim or proceeding could cause us to incur significant unplanned expenses, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Further, adverse publicity resulting from these allegations may have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

We rely heavily on information technology, and any material failure, weakness, interruption or breach of security could prevent us from effectively operating our business.

 

We rely heavily on information systems, including point-of-sale processing in our restaurants, for management of our supply chain, payment of obligations, collection of cash, credit and debit card transactions and other processes and procedures. Our ability to efficiently and effectively manage our business depends significantly on the reliability and capacity of these systems. Our operations depend upon our ability to protect our computer equipment and systems against damage from physical theft, fire, power loss, telecommunications failure or other catastrophic events, as well as from internal and external security breaches, viruses and other disruptive problems. The failure of these systems to operate effectively, maintenance problems, upgrading or transitioning to new platforms, or a breach in security of these systems could result in delays in customer service and reduce efficiency in our operations. Remediation of such problems could result in significant, unplanned capital investments.

 

Adverse weather conditions could affect our sales.

 

Adverse weather conditions, such as regional winter storms, floods, severe thunderstorms and hurricanes, could affect our sales at restaurants in locations that experience these weather conditions, which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

  

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

Our stock price has experienced price fluctuations and may continue to do so, resulting in a substantial loss in your investment.

 

The current market for our common stock has been characterized by volatile prices. As a result, investors in our common stock may experience a decrease in the value of their securities, including decreases unrelated to our operating performance or prospects. The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly unpredictable and subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include:

 

  quarterly variations in our operating results and achievement of key business metrics;
     
  changes in the global economy and in the local economies in which we operate;
     
  our ability to obtain working capital financing, if necessary;
     
  the departure of any of our key executive officers and directors;

 

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  changes in the federal, state, and local laws and regulations to which we are subject;
     
  changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts, if any;
     
  any differences between reported results and securities analysts’ published or unpublished expectations;
     
  market reaction to any acquisitions, joint ventures or strategic investments announced by us or our competitors;
     
  future sales of our securities;
     
  announcements or press releases relating to the casual dining restaurant sector or to our own business or prospects;
     
  regulatory, legislative, or other developments affecting us or the restaurant industry generally; and
     
  market conditions specific to casual dining restaurant, the restaurant industry and the stock market generally.

  

Our common stock could be further diluted as the result of the issuance of additional shares of common stock, convertible securities, warrants or options.

 

In the past, we have issued common stock, convertible securities (such as convertible notes) and warrants in order to raise capital. We have also issued common stock as compensation for services and incentive compensation for our employees and directors. We have shares of common stock reserved for issuance upon the exercise of certain of these securities and may increase the shares reserved for these purposes in the future. Our issuance of additional common stock, convertible securities, options and warrants could affect the rights of our stockholders, could reduce the market price of our common stock or could result in adjustments to exercise prices of outstanding warrants (resulting in these securities becoming exercisable for, as the case may be, a greater number of shares of our common stock), or could obligate us to issue additional shares of common stock to certain of our stockholders.

 

Shares eligible for future sale may adversely affect the market.

 

From time to time, certain of our stockholders may be eligible to sell all or some of their shares of common stock by means of ordinary brokerage transactions in the open market pursuant to Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act, subject to certain limitations. In general, pursuant to Rule 144, stockholders who have been non-affiliates for the preceding three months may sell shares of our common stock freely after six months subject only to the current public information requirement. Affiliates may sell shares of our common stock after six months subject to the Rule 144 volume, manner of sale, current public information and notice requirements. Any substantial sales of our common stock pursuant to Rule 144 may have a material adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

 

While our public warrants are outstanding, it may be more difficult to raise additional equity capital.

 

We have warrants that are publicly traded on NASDAQ under the symbol “HOTRW”. During the term that the public warrants are outstanding, the holders of the public warrants will be given the opportunity to profit from a rise in the market price of our common stock. We may find it more difficult to raise additional capital while these public warrants are outstanding. At any time during which these public warrants are likely to be exercised, we may be able to obtain additional capital on more favorable terms from other sources. These warrants expire in June 2017.

 

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We do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future and therefore investors should not anticipate cash dividends on their investment.

 

Our board of directors does not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future but instead intends to retain any and all earnings to finance the growth of the business. To date, we have not paid any cash dividends and there can be no assurance that cash dividends will ever be paid on our common stock.

  

We may issue additional shares of our common stock, which could depress the market price of our common stock and dilute your ownership.

 

Market sales of large amounts of our common stock, or the potential for those sales even if they do not actually occur, may have the effect of depressing the market price of our common stock. In addition, if our future financing needs require us to issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock, the amount of common stock available for resale could be increased which could stimulate trading activity and cause the market price of our common stock to drop, even if our business is doing well. Furthermore, the issuance of any additional shares of our common stock, or securities convertible into our common stock could be substantially dilutive to holders of our common stock.

 

Director and officer liability is limited.

 

As permitted by Delaware law, our bylaws limit the liability of our directors for monetary damages for breach of a director’s fiduciary duty except for liability in certain instances. As a result of our bylaw provisions and Delaware law, stockholders may have limited rights to recover against directors for breach of fiduciary duty.

 

Failure to establish and maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business and stock price.

 

As a publicly traded company, we are required to comply with the SEC’s rules implementing Sections 302 and 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which requires management to certify financial and other information in our quarterly and annual reports and provide an annual management report on the effectiveness of controls over financial reporting. We have identified internal control weaknesses and may need to undertake various actions, such as implementing new internal controls, new systems and procedures and hiring additional accounting or internal audit staff, which could increase our operating expenses. In addition, we may identify additional deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting as part of that process.

 

In addition, if we are unable to resolve internal control deficiencies in a timely manner, investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports and the market price of our common stock could be negatively affected.

 

We have received a notification indicating that our share price was not in compliance with NASDAQ’s continued listing requirements.

 

On February 18, 2016, Chanticleer Holdings received notification from the Listing Qualifications Department of NASDAQ indicating that, for the 30 consecutive business days ended February 17, 2016, the bid price for Chanticleer Holdings’ common stock had closed below the $1.00 per share minimum bid price requirement for continued listing on The NASDAQ Capital Market under NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) (“the Bid Price Rule”).

 

The NASDAQ notice indicated that, in accordance with NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), Chanticleer Holdings would be provided 180 calendar days ending on August 16, 2016 to regain compliance. If, at any time before August 16, 2016 the bid price of Chanticleer Holdings’ common stock closes at $1.00 per share or more for a minimum of 10 consecutive business days, August 16, 2016 staff will provide written notification that it has achieved compliance with the Bid Price Rule.

 

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If Chanticleer Holdings fails to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule before August 16, 2016, but meets all of the other applicable standards for initial listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market with the exception of the minimum bid price, then Chanticleer Holdings may be eligible to have an additional 180 calendar days through February 12, 2017 to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule. In the event that Chanticleer Holdings fails to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule, then the directors of Chanticleer Holdings may be required to consider a common stock consolidation which would enable the common stock to continue to be traded on The NASDAQ Capital Market.

 

Item 2: Properties

 

The Company, through its subsidiaries, leases the land and buildings for our five restaurants in South Africa, one restaurant in Nottingham, United Kingdom, thirty-five restaurants in the U.S., five restaurants in Australia, and one restaurant in Hungary. The terms for our leases vary from two to twenty years and have options to extend. We lease some of our restaurant facilities under “triple net” leases that require us to pay minimum rent, real estate taxes, maintenance costs and insurance premiums and, in some instances, percentage rent based on sales in excess of specified amounts.

 

We also lease our corporate office space in Charlotte, North Carolina.

 

Chanticleer Holdings Inc. owns one commercial real estate property in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

 

Our office and restaurant facilities are suitable and adequate for our business as it is presently conducted.

 

Item 3: Legal proceedings

 

On March 26, 2013, our South African operations received Notice of Motion filed in the Kwazulu-Natal High Court, Durban, Republic of South Africa, filed against Rolalor (PTY) LTD (“Rolalor”) and Labyrinth Trading 18 (PTY) LTD (“Labyrinth”) by Jennifer Catherine Mary Shaw (“Shaw”). Rolalor and Labyrinth were the original entities formed to operate the Johannesburg and Durban locations, respectively. On September 9, 2011, the assets and the then-disclosed liabilities of these entities were transferred to Tundraspex (PTY) LTD (“Tundraspex”) and Dimaflo (PTY) LTD (“Dimaflo”), respectively. The current entities, Tundraspex and Dimaflo are not parties in the lawsuit. Shaw is requesting that the Respondents, Rolalor and Labyrinth, be wound up in satisfaction of an alleged debt owed in the total amount of R4,082,636 (approximately $480,000). The two Notices were defended and argued in the High Court of South Africa (Durban) on January 31, 2014. Madam Justice Steryi dismissed the action with costs on May 5, 2014. Ms. Shaw has appealed this decision.

 

On January 28, 2016, our Just Fresh subsidiary was notified that it had been served with a copyright infringement complaint, Kevin Chelko Photography, Inc. f. JF Restaurants, LLC, Case No. 3:13-CV-60-GCM (W.D. N.C.). The claim was filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina Charlotte Division and seeks unspecified damages related to the use of certain photographic assets allegedly in violation of the United States copyright laws. The Company has asserted numerous defenses in answer to the complaint and intends to defend itself fully and vigorously.

 

Prior to the Company’s acquisition of Little Big Burger, a class action lawsuit was filed in Oregon by certain current and former employees of Little Big Burger asserting that the former owners of Little Big Burger failed to compensate employees for overtime hours and also that an employee had been wrongfully terminated. The plaintiffs and defendants agreed to enter into a settlement agreement pursuant to which the former owners of Little Big Burger will pay a gross settlement of up to $675,000, inclusive of plaintiffs’ attorney’s fees of $225,000. This settlement was preliminarily approved by the court on February 2, 2016. The parties are proceeding with distributing the claim forms and notices of settlement to the class members and ultimately will disburse settlement payments to those who opt in.

 

In connection with our acquisition of Little Big Burger, the sellers agreed that the 1,619,646 shares of the Company’s common stock certain of the sellers received from the Company and an additional $200,000 in cash would be held in escrow until such time as the litigation was fully resolved. The Company does not expect to have to expend any funds related to the settlement as certain of the Sellers have agreed to retain the obligations and have set aside sufficient funds to cover the settlement. However, as the Company assumed all liabilities of Little Big Burger in the acquisition and would be required to fulfill the settlement if the sellers were unable or otherwise failed to fully fund the settlement, the Company has reflected the $675,000 settlement amount in accrued liabilities, with an offsetting asset in other current assets, in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2015.

 

From time to time, the Company may be involved in legal proceedings and claims that have arisen in the ordinary course of business. These actions, when ultimately concluded and settled, will not, in the opinion of management, have a material adverse effect upon the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the company.

 

Item 4: mine safety disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5: Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “HOTR”.

 

The market high and low prices on the NASDAQ for the years ending December 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:

 

QUARTER ENDED  HIGH   LOW 
         
December 31, 2015  $1.32   $0.75 
September 30, 2015  $2.73   $1.03 
June 30, 2015  $4.18   $2.17 
March 31, 2015  $3.07   $1.65 
           
December 31, 2014  $2.54   $1.40 
September 30, 2014  $2.84   $1.85 
June 30, 2014  $3.77   $1.86 
March 31, 2014  $5.33   $3.35 

 

Number of Shareholders and Total Outstanding Shares

 

As of March 25, 2016, there were 21,337,247 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, held by approximately 196 shareholders of record.

 

Dividends on Common Stock

 

We have not previously declared a cash dividend on our common stock and we do not anticipate the payment of dividends in the near future.

 

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Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

Sales of our common stock during the first three quarters of 2015 were reported in Item 2 of Part II of the Form 10-Q filed for each quarter. Stock transactions in the fourth quarter of 2015 as follows.

 

In October, 2015, certain holders of the 8% convertible notes issued in January 2015 converted $100,000 principal into 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

During October 2015, the Company issued 54,226 shares of common stock for consulting, acquisition and other services valued at $47,505. The recorded value for common stock issued for services was based on the closing market prices for the Company’s common stock.

 

The Company believes that the foregoing transactions were exempt from the registration requirements under Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “1933 Act”) or Section 4(2) under the 1933 Act, based on the following facts: in each case, there was no general solicitation, there was a limited number of investors, each of whom was an “accredited investor” (within the meaning of Regulation D under the 1933 Act, as amended) and/or was (either alone or with his/her purchaser representative) sophisticated about business and financial matters, each such investor had the opportunity to ask questions of our management and to review our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and all securities issued were subject to restrictions on transfer, so as to take reasonable steps to assure that the purchasers were not underwriters within the meaning of Section 2(11) under the 1933 Act.

 

Item 6: Selected Financial Data

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

You should read the following discussion of our results of operations and financial condition together with the Selected Financial Data and our audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015 including the notes thereto, included in this Report. The discussion below contains forward-looking statements and involves numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those described in Item 1A. “Risk Factors”. Actual results may differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. We undertake no obligation to update or revise such statements to reflect new circumstances or unanticipated events as they occur, and you are urged to review and consider disclosures that we make in this and other reports that discuss factors germane to our business.

 

Management’s Analysis of Business

 

We are in the business of owning, operating and franchising fast casual and full service dining concepts in the United States and internationally.

 

We own and operate fifteen Hooters full service restaurants in the United States, Australia, South Africa, Hungary and the United Kingdom. Hooters restaurants are casual beach-themed establishments featuring music, sports on large flat screens, and a menu that includes seafood, sandwiches, burgers, salads, and of course, Hooters original chicken wings and the “nearly world famous” Hooters Girls.

 

We own, operate and franchise a system-wide total of forty fast casual restaurants specializing the “Better Burger” category of which twenty-seven are company-owned and thirteen are operated by franchisees under franchise agreements. American Burger Company (“ABC”) is a fast casual dining chain consisting of nine locations in New York and the Carolinas, known for its diverse menu featuring, customized burgers, milk shakes, sandwiches, fresh salads and beer and wine. BGR: The Burger Joint (“BGR”), consists of ten company-owned locations in the United States and thirteen franchisee-operated locations in the United States and the Middle East. Little Big Burger (“LBB”) consists of eight locations in Oregon.

 

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We also own and operate Just Fresh, our healthier eating fast casual concept with eight company owned locations in Charlotte, North Carolina. Just Fresh offers fresh-squeezed juices, gourmet coffee, fresh-baked goods and premium-quality, made-to-order sandwiches, salads and soups.

 

As of December, 31, 2015, our system-wide store count totaled 62 locations, consisting of 49 company-owned locations and 13 franchisee-operated locations.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 COMPARED TO THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2014

 

Our results of operations are summarized below:

 

   Years Ended December 31,     
   2015   2014     
   Amount   % of
Revenue*
   Amount   % of
Revenue*
   % Change 
                     
Restaurant sales, net  $41,010,680        $28,745,258         42.7%
Gaming income, net   472,752         432,688         9.3%
Management fees - non-affiliate   553,953         665,488         -16.8%
Franchise income   359,424         -           
Total revenue   42,396,809         29,843,434         42.1%
                          
Expenses:                         
Restaurant cost of sales   14,036,165    34.2%   9,934,532    34.6%   41.3%
Restaurant operating expenses   24,815,221    60.5%   17,363,743    60.4%   42.9%
Restaurant pre-opening and closing expenses   763,948    1.9%   524,739    1.8%   45.6%
General and administrative   7,415,381    17.5%   5,976,870    20.0%   24.1%
Asset impairment charge   4,489,043    10.6%   -    0.0%   - 
Depreciation and amortization   2,364,967    5.6%   1,587,858    5.3%   48.9%
Total expenses   53,884,725    127.1%   35,387,742    118.6%   52.3%
Loss from continuing operations  $(11,487,916)       $(5,544,308)        107.2%

 

* Restaurant cost of sales, operating expenses and pre-opening and closing expense percentages are based on restaurant sales, net. Other percentages are based on total revenue.

 

Revenue

 

Total revenue increased 42.1% to $42.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $29.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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Revenues by concept, revenue type and store count are summarized below for each period:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 2015   Store Count, end of period 
Revenue  Restaurant   Gaming   Franchise   Mgmt Fee   Total   % of Total   Company   Franchise   Total 
Hooters Full Service  $21,329,220   $472,752   $-   $129,124   $21,931,096    51.7%   15    -    15 
Better Burgers Fast Casual   14,182,670    -    359,424    -    14,542,094    34.3%   27    13    40 
Just Fresh Fast Casual   5,498,790    -    -    -    5,498,790    13.0%   7    -    7 
Corporate and Other   -    -    -    424,829    424,829    1.0%   -    -    - 
Total Revenue  $41,010,680   $472,752   $359,424   $553,953   $42,396,809    100.0%   49    13    62 

 

   Years Ended December 31, 2014   Store Count, end of period 
Revenue  Restaurant   Gaming   Franchise   Management Fee   Total   % of Total   Company   Franchise   Total 
Hooters Full Service  $20,675,924   $432,688   $-   $176,098   $21,284,710    71.3%   13    -    13 
Better Burgers Fast Casual   3,230,519    -    -    -    3,230,519    10.8%   6    -    6 
Just Fresh Fast Casual   4,838,815    -    -    -    4,838,815    16.2%   7    -    7 
Corporate and Other   -    -    -    489,390    489,390    1.7%   -    -    - 
Total Revenue  $28,745,258   $432,688   $-   $665,488   $29,843,434    100.0%   26    -    26 

 

Restaurant revenues increased 42.7% to $41.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $28.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Revenue increased as growth in store count and favorable same store sales comparisons were partially offset by the impact of a stronger US dollar on the translation of foreign currency results to US dollars.

 

Revenue from the Company’s Hooter’s restaurants increased 3.2% to $21.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $20.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Revenues grew in our US Hooters restaurants, but that growth was partially offset by fluctuations in foreign currency rates on the translation of local currency results to US dollars for financial reporting. Revenue from our Hooters Australia restaurants increased from prior year, however, this increase was mitigated by foreign currency translation combined with the temporary absence of revenue during the July 2015 to October 2015 Administration period.

 

Revenue from the Company’s Better Burger Group increased 339% to $14.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $3.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. The growth in our Better Burger Group was due to a combination of growth in store count and increased revenues from our company store locations. Company-owned restaurants grew from six locations at the end of 2014 to twenty-seven locations at the end of the current year. The majority of the growth resulted from the acquisitions of BGR: the Burger Joint, BT’s Burger Joint and Little Big Burger. In addition, we opened one company store at BGR following the acquisition.

 

Revenue from the Company’s Just Fresh Group increased 13.6% to $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $4.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Revenue growth resulted from increased same store sales and the timing of a new store opening in late 2014.

 

Gaming revenue was essentially flat, increasing modestly primarily due to timing. Gaming revenue is derived from our Hooters stores in the Pacific Northwest, which accounted for $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 and $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. We also previously earned gaming revenues from our Australia operations, however, that revenue ceased in connection with the Administration and is not expected to continue in future periods.

 

Management fee income decreased $0.1 million. The Company derives management fee income from three sources – serving as general partner for its investment in HOA LLC, as compensation for the Company’s CEO serving on the board of HOA LLC, and from managing non-controlled restaurant properties in Australia. In the current year, the Company received a cash distribution totaling $0.5 million on its 3% equity interest in HOA LLC, of which $0.3 million is reflected in management fee income and $0.2 million is reflected in interest and other income. In the prior year period, the Company recognized $0.7 million in management fees from a combination of the prior year HOA distribution, board fees and from its Australia operations. The Company ceased earning management fee income from Australia in July 2015 in connection with the Australia administration process.

 

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Franchise income was $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared with zero in the prior year. The Company commenced its franchise operations in March 2015 with the acquisition of BGR.

 

Restaurant cost of sales

 

Restaurant cost of sales increased 41.3% to $14.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $9.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Restaurant revenues increased 42.7% over the same period.

 

   Years Ended December 31,     
   2015   2014     
Cost of Restaurant Sales  Amount   % of
Restaurant
Net Sales
   Amount   % of
Restaurant
Net Sales
   % Change 
Hooters Full Service  $7,319,155    34.3%  $6,983,485    33.8%   4.8%
Better Burgers Fast Casual   4,770,460    33.6%   1,233,271    38.2%   286.8%
Just Fresh Fast Casual   1,946,550    35.4%   1,717,776    35.5%   13.3%
Corporate and Other   -    -    -    -    - 
   $14,036,165    34.2%  $9,934,532    34.6%   41.3%

 

As a percentage of restaurant sales, net, restaurant cost of sales decreased to 34.2% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from 34.6% for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Cost of restaurant sales improved significantly for the Better Burger restaurants as the Company continued to focus on driving cost of food, paper and other products lower by leveraging the increasing scale and purchasing volumes of the combined company. Cost of sales for the Better Burger group improved from 38.2% to 33.6% while cost of sales at Just Fresh changed from 35.5% to 35.4%.

 

Cost of restaurant sales improved as a percent of revenues at the Hooter’s restaurants in the United States, South Africa and Europe when compared with the prior year period. Those improvements, however, were more than offset by higher costs in Australia where revenues and costs were temporarily impacted by the Administration process. Food and paper costs for Hooters Australia, and accordingly for the Hooters group as a whole, are expected to improve in future periods as a result of initiatives to lower food and transportation costs and to increase pricing where necessary to offset input cost increases.

 

Restaurant operating expenses

 

Restaurant operating expenses increased 42.9% to $24.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $17.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 due to the increase in the number of store locations and related restaurant business volumes.

 

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Our restaurant operating expenses as well as the percentage of cost of restaurant sales to restaurant revenues for each region of operations is included in the following table:

 

   Years Ended December 31,     
   2015   2014     
Operating Expenses  Amount   % of
Restaurant
Net Sales
   Amount   % of
Restaurant
Net Sales
   % Change 
Hooters Full Service  $13,567,725    63.6%  $12,283,416    59.4%   10.5%
Better Burgers Fast Casual   8,272,412    58.3%   2,470,691    76.5%   234.8%
Just Fresh Fast Casual   2,975,084    54.1%   2,609,636    53.9%   14.0%
   $24,815,221    60.5%  $17,363,743    60.4%   42.9%

 

As a percent of restaurant revenue, operating expenses were relatively flat at 60.5% of restaurant net sales in the current year compared with 60.4% in the prior year.

 

Operating expenses improved significantly in our Better Burger Business from 76.5% to 58.3% due to the combination of revenue growth improving overall operating leverage and due to operational initiatives to improve store efficiencies.

 

Operating expenses for the Just Fresh business were essentially flat as a percent of revenue, while operating expenses increased as a percent of revenue for our Hooters business. The increase in operating expenses in our Hooters business was directly attributable to Hooters Australia where we incurred higher expenses and lower revenues than in historical periods as a result of the Administration process. We expect revenues and operating expenses in Australia, and for the Hooters group as a whole, to improve in future periods.

 

Restaurant pre-opening and closing expenses

 

Restaurant pre-opening and closing expenses totaled $0.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared with $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. The increased expense was due primarily to the Company’s opening of the Townsville Hooters location in Australia, the Port Elizabeth Hooters location in South Africa, and the closing of our ABC location in Columbia, South Carolina.

 

General and Administrative Expense (“G&A”)

 

G&A increased 24.1% to $7.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $6.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Significant components of G&A are summarized as follows:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
General and Administrative Expenses  2015   2014   % Change 
Professional fees  $1,535,976   $1,088,020    41.2%
Salary and benefits   2,685,349    1,969,048    36.4%
Consulting and acquisition-related fees   1,651,049    1,601,913    3.1%
Travel and entertainment   353,151    297,906    18.5%
Shareholder services and fees   85,960    121,733    -29.4%
Other G&A   1,103,896    898,250    22.9%
Total G&A Expenses  $7,415,381   $5,976,870    24.1%

 

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As a percentage of total restaurant revenue, G&A decreased to 17.5% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from 20.0% for the year ended December 31, 2014. The improvement in G&A as a percent of revenue is primarily due to the growth in revenues and store locations, allowing us to scale our overhead costs over a larger business. G&A for the current year includes approximately $1.3 million of legal, banking, consulting and other non-recurring professional fees related to acquisition transactions, capital transactions and Australia administration process. Excluding those non-recurring expenses, G&A was approximately 14.5% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

We expect the G&A costs associated with restaurant operations and corporate overhead to continue to decline as a percent of revenues in future periods through a combination of expense rationalization, the absence of non-recurring transaction-related expenses, and increased revenue. For example, during the fourth quarter of 2015, the trend of declining G&A continued, with G&A coming in at 13.9% of quarterly restaurant revenue.

 

Asset impairment charge

 

In connection with the reorganization of our Australian subsidiaries, the Company recognized a non-cash charge of $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The Company did not incur an asset impairment charge in 2014.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

Depreciation and amortization expense increased 48.9% to $2.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 due to increased depreciable property and equipment and franchise fees associated with acquired and newly opened restaurants.

 

Other income (expense)

 

Other income (expense) consisted of the following:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
Other Income (Expense)  2015   2014   % Change 
 Interest expense  $(3,470,451)  $(2,280,921)   52.2%
 Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   868,592    1,227,600    -29.2%
 Loss on extinguishment of debt   (315,923)   -    - 
 Realized (loss) gains on securities   (169,369)   101,472    -100.0%
 Equity in losses of investments   -    (40,694)   -100.0%
 Other income   253,642    334,477    -74.8%
 Total Other Income (Expense)  $(2,833,509)  $(658,066)   330.6%

 

Total other income (expense) increased to $2.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $0.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Interest expense increased 52.2% to $3.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. The Company increased its debt obligations and related interest expenses in connection with the Company’s growth strategy and recent business combinations, which included the assumption of $5 million in additional long-term debt for the acquisition of the Australia entities. The year ended December 31, 2015 also included an accelerated non-cash amortization of debt discount of approximately $0.6 million related to early conversion of a $1.0 million note payable.

 

The Company recognized changes in the fair value of derivative liabilities totaling $0.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to a $1.2 million in 2014. The liability is a non-cash income or expense associated with our convertible debt and is adjusted quarterly based on the change in the fair value of the price of the Company’s common stock.

 

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Loss on extinguishment of debt was $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. During 2015, several of the Company’s convertible notes and one of the Company’s term debt instruments were converted by the holders into shares of the Company’s common stock. In connection with the conversions, the Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of convertible debt, related accrued interest, penalties and derivative liabilities. The Company did not have any debt conversions or loss on extinguishments in the prior year.

 

The Company sold a marketable security in 2014, realizing a gain of $101,472 for the year ended December 31, 2014. The company did not sell any marketable securities in the current year.

  

Other income was $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to income of $0.3 million for the prior year period. In the current year, other income includes a realized loss on the sale of the Company’s Beacher’s investment of $0.2 million, accounting for the majority of the change from the prior year period.

 

NET GAIN (LOSS) FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

Net gain (loss) from discontinued operations was a gain of $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to a loss of $0.9 million in 2014. The Company discontinued the operations of its Spoon business in December 2014.

 

LIQUIDITY, CAPITAL RESOURCES AND GOING CONCERN

 

As of December 31, 2015, our cash balance was $1.5 million and improved by $1.3 million as compared with December 31, 2014. The level of additional cash needed to fund operations and our ability to conduct business for the next twelve months will be influenced primarily by the following factors:

 

  the pace of growth in our restaurant businesses and related investments in opening new stores;
     
  the level of investment in acquisition of new restaurant businesses and entering new markets;
     
  our ability to manage our operating expenses and maintain gross margins as we grow:
     
  our ability to access the capital and debt markets including our ability to refinance or extend maturities of current obligations.;
     
  popularity of and demand for our fast casual dining concepts; and
     
  general economic conditions and changes in consumer discretionary income.

 

We have typically funded our operating costs, acquisition activities, working capital investments and capital expenditures with proceeds from the issuances of our common stock and other financing arrangements, including convertible debt, lines of credit, notes payable and capital leases.

 

Our operating plans for the next twelve months contemplate moderate organic growth, opening 6-10 new stores within our current markets and restaurant concepts. We have demonstrated the ability to raise capital to fund our growth initiatives, including but not limited to the following:

 

  During the first quarter of 2015, we completed a rights offering raising net proceeds of approximately $7.1 million and issued $2.2 million in convertible debt to fund the acquisition of BGR: The Burger Joint and for general corporate purposes.

 

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  During the second quarter of 2015, we completed an equity transaction raising net proceeds of approximately $1.9 million to complete the acquisition of BT’s Burger Joints and for general corporate purposes.
     
  During the third quarter of 2015, we completed a rights offering raising net proceeds of approximately $6.0 million to fund the acquisition of Little Big Burger, investments in Australia and general corporate purposes.
     
  In early 2016, we entered into a letter of intent directly with a US investor to fund the opening of up to 10 Little Big Burger restaurants in the Seattle, Washington area. We are actively pursuing sites and anticipate opening our first store under that arrangement by the end of 2016.

  

As we execute our growth plans throughout 2016, we intend to carefully monitor the impact of growth on our working capital needs and cash balances relative to the availability of cost-effective debt and equity financing. We have a demonstrated track record of being able to raise capital and close deals over the past 18 months. We have several non-equity capital financing transactions currently in process, which we expect to further improve the Company’s financial position however, until such transactions are fully executed, we cannot provide assurance as to the certainly of completion or the precise amounts, if any, that will be received by the Company.:

 

In the event that such capital is not available, we may then have to scale back or freeze our organic growth plans, reduce general and administrative expenses, and/or curtail future acquisition plans to manage our liquidity and capital resources. We may also not be able refinance or otherwise extend or repay our current obligations. In addition, our business is subject to additional risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those described in Item 1A. “Risk Factors”.

 

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RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02 “Leases”, which supersedes ASC 840 “Leases” and creates a new topic, ASC 842 “Leases”. This update requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a lease asset for all leases, including operating leases, with a term greater than 12 months on its balance sheet. The update also expands the required quantitative and qualitative disclosures surrounding leases. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier adoption permitted. This update will be applied using a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes” which requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. Prior to the issuance of the standard, deferred tax liabilities and assets were required to be separately classified into a current amount and a noncurrent amount in the balance sheet. The new accounting guidance represents a change in accounting principle and the standard is required to be adopted in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The application of this guidance affects classification only, and is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which requires entities to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value (“NRV”). ASU 2015-11 defines NRV as the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The ASU will not apply to inventories that are measured by using either the last-in, first-out method or the retail inventory method. The guidance in ASU 2015-11 is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. Upon transition, entities must disclose the nature of and reason for the accounting change. The adoption of ASU 2015-11 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, “Consolidation: Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis.” This update improves targeted areas of the consolidation guidance and reduces the number of consolidation models. This update is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2015-02 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties About an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The standard is intended to define management’s responsibility to decide whether there is substantial doubt about an organization’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The standard requires management to decide whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The standard provides guidance to an organization’s management, with principles and definitions that are intended to reduce diversity in the timing and content of disclosures that are commonly provided by organizations in their footnotes. The standard becomes effective in annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements. Management’s evaluations regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern have been disclosed in Note 1 of the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-17, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Pushdown Accounting” (“ASU 2014-17”). ASU 2014-17 provides with an option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements upon occurrence of an event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. The acquired entity may elect the option to apply pushdown accounting in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs. If pushdown accounting is not applied in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs, an acquired entity will have the option to elect to apply pushdown accounting in a subsequent reporting period as a change in accounting principle in accordance with ASC Topic 250, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections”. If pushdown accounting is applied to an individual change-in-control event, that election is irrevocable. ASU 2014-17 also requires an acquired entity that elects the option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements to disclose information in the current reporting period that enables users of financial statements to evaluate the effect of pushdown accounting. The Company has adopted the amendments in ASU 2014-17, effective November 18, 2014, as the amendments in the update are effective upon issuance. The adoption did not have an impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 31 
 

 

There are several other new accounting pronouncements issued by FASB, which are not yet effective. Each of these pronouncements has been or will be adopted, as applicable, by the Company. At December 31, 2015, none of these pronouncements are expected to have a material effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to use judgment and estimates. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. Significant estimates include the valuation of the investments in portfolio companies, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, valuing options and warrants, intangible asset valuations and useful lives, depreciation and uncollectible accounts and reserves. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The accounting policies that are most critical in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements are those that are both important to the presentation of our financial condition and results of operations and require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management. The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying this accounting policy has a significant impact on the results we report in our financial statements. Our critical accounting policies are reviewed periodically with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

 

Investments

 

We determine fair value to be the amount for which an investment could be exchanged in an orderly disposition over a reasonable period of time between willing parties other than in a forced or liquidation sale. Our evaluation process is intended to provide a consistent basis for determining the fair value of our available-for-sale investments. In summary, for individual securities classified as available-for-sale securities, an enterprise shall determine whether a decline in fair value below the amortized cost basis is other than temporary. If the decline in fair value is judged to be other than temporary, the individual security shall be written down to fair value as a new cost basis and the amount of the write-down shall be included in earnings (accounted for as a realized loss). The new cost basis shall not be changed for subsequent recoveries in fair value. Subsequent increases in the fair value of available-for-sale securities shall be included in other comprehensive income and subsequent decreases in fair value, if not an other-than-temporary impairment, also shall be included in other comprehensive income.

 

The first step in the analysis is to determine if the security is impaired. All of our available-for-sale securities were listed and we use the closing market price and other factors to determine the amount of impairment if any. The second step, if there is an impairment, is to determine if the impairment is other than temporary. To determine if a decline in the value of an equity security is other than temporary and that a write-down of the carrying value is required, we considered the following:

 

  The length of time and the extent to which the market value has been less than the cost;
     
  The financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, including any specific events which may influence the operations of the issuer such as changes in technology that may impair the earnings potential of the investment or the discontinuance of a segment of the business that may affect the future earnings potential; or
     
  The intent and ability of the holder to retain its investment in the issuer for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.

 

Unless evidence exists to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying value of the investment in equity securities classified as available-for-sale, a write-down to fair value accounted for as a realized loss should be recorded. Such loss should be recognized in the determination of net income of the period in which it occurs and the written down value of the investment in the issuer becomes the new cost basis of the investment.

 

 32 
 

 

Investments in which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence and that, in general, are at least 20 percent owned are stated at cost plus equity in undistributed net earnings (loss), less distributions received. The Company also has equity investments in which it owns less than 20%, which are stated at cost. An impairment loss would be recorded whenever a decline in the value of an equity investment or investment carried at cost is below its carrying amount and is determined to be other than temporary. In judging “other than temporary,” the Company considers the length of time and extent to which the fair value of the investment has been less than the carrying amount of the investment, the near-term and long-term operating and financial prospects of the investee, and the Company’s long-term intent of retaining the investment in the investee.

 

Leases

 

Restaurant Operations lease certain properties under operating leases. Many of these lease agreements contain rent holidays, rent escalation clauses, and/or contingent rent provisions. Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term, including cancelable option periods when failure to exercise such options would result in an economic penalty. We use a time period for straight-line rent expense calculation that equals or exceeds the time period used for depreciation. In addition, the rent commencement date of the lease term is the earlier of the date when they become legally obligated for the rent payments or the date when they take access to the grounds for build out. Accounting for leases involves significant management judgment.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Goodwill

 

Generally accepted accounting principles in the United States require the Company to perform a goodwill impairment test annually and more frequently when negative conditions or a triggering event arise. In September 2011, the FASB issued amended guidance that simplified how entities test goodwill for impairment. After an assessment of certain qualitative factors, if it is determined to be more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, entities must perform the quantitative analysis of the goodwill impairment test. Otherwise, the quantitative test(s) become optional. As allowed under the amended guidance, the Company chose not to assess the qualitative factors of its reporting units and, instead, performed the quantitative tests.

 

Trade Name/Trademark

 

The fair value of trade name/trademarks are estimated and compared to the carrying value. The Company estimates the fair value of trademarks using the relief-from-royalty method, which requires assumptions related to projected sales from its annual long-range plan; assumed royalty rates that could be payable if the Company did not own the trademarks; and a discount rate. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the estimated fair value of the trade name/trademarks is less than its carrying value. The Company finalized the purchase price allocation for ABC and Just Fresh during its fourth quarter of 2013, the Company excluded the trade name/trademark related to ABC and JF from its annual impairment test, however, the Company did perform a qualitative assessment of the ABC and JF’s trade name/ trademark in accordance with ASC Topic 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, and no indicators of impairment were identified. However, if in the future there are declines in the Company’s market capitalization (reflected in our stock price) as well as in the market capitalization of other companies in the restaurant industry, declines in sales at our restaurants, and significant adverse changes in the operating environment for the restaurant industry may result in future impairment. The Company’s trade name/trademarks have been determined to have a definite-lived life and is being amortized on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of 10 years. The amortization expense of these definite-lived intangibles is included in depreciation and amortization in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.

 

Franchise Cost

 

Intangible assets are recorded for the initial franchise fees for our restaurants. The Company amortizes these amounts over a 20-year period, which is the life of the franchise agreement.

 

 33 
 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

The Company, through its subsidiaries, leases the land and buildings for our five restaurants in South Africa, one restaurant in Nottingham, United Kingdom, thirty-five restaurants in the U.S., four restaurants in Australia, and one restaurant in Hungary.. The terms for our restaurant leases vary from two to twenty years and have options to extend. We lease some of our restaurant facilities under “triple net” leases that require us to pay minimum rent, real estate taxes, maintenance costs and insurance premiums and, in some instances, percentage rent based on sales in excess of specified amounts.

 

We also lease our corporate office space in Charlotte, North Carolina

 

TABULAR DISCLOSURE OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

 

The following table presents a summary of our contractual operating lease obligations, long-term debt and other contractual commitments as of December 31, 2015:

 

Contractual Obligations  Total   Less than 1
year
   1-3 years   3-5 years   More than 5
years
 
Long-Term Debt Obligations  $6,481,643   $5,383,002   $910,234   $75,285   $113,122 
Convertible Debt Obligations   2,810,276    2,516,659    -    -    - 
Operating Lease Obligations   27,516,096    4,426,175    7,918,198    6,338,998    8,832,725 
Capital Lease Obligations   55,272    39,303    15,969    -    - 
Purchase Obligations   -    -    -    -    - 
 Total  $36,863,287   $12,658,756   $8,844,401   $6,414,283   $8,945,847 

 

Item 7A: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

 34 
 

 

Item 8: Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

CHANTICLEER HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  Page
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms F-1
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Years Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-4
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity at December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-8

 

 35 
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Audit Committee of the

Board of Directors and Shareholders

of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2015 and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries, as of December 31, 2015 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company incurred net losses during the year ended December 31, 2015 of approximately $14.5 million and the Company has working capital deficit in excess of $12 million as of December 31, 2015. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are described in Note 1. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments with respect to the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ Cherry Bekaert LLP 

Charlotte. North Carolina

March 30, 2016

 

 F-1 
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Audit Committee of the

Board of Directors and Shareholders

of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2014, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the year then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall consolidated financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries, as of December 31, 2014 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

/s/ Marcum llp  
Marcum LLP  
New York, NY  
April 14, 2015  

 

 F-2 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   December 31, 2015   December, 31, 2014 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash  $1,527,886   $245,828 
Accounts and other receivables   882,263    313,509 
Inventories   726,624    532,803 
Due from related parties   45,615    46,015 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   636,188    330,745 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   3,818,576    1,468,900 
Property and equipment, net   16,641,232    13,315,409 
Goodwill   12,702,139    15,617,308 
Intangible assets, net   7,282,074    3,396,503 
Investments at fair value   31,322    35,362 
Other investments   1,050,000    1,550,000 
Deposits and other assets   679,863    408,492 
TOTAL ASSETS  $42,205,206   $35,791,974 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $5,505,265   $5,580,131 
Current maturities of long-term debt and notes payable   5,383,002    1,813,647 
Current maturities of convertible notes payable, net of debt discount of $914,724 and $63,730, respectively   2,810,276    436,270 
Current maturities of capital leases payable   39,303    42,032 
Due to related parties   403,742    1,299,083 
Deferred rent   683,793    118,986 
Derivative liabilities   1,231,608    1,945,200 
Liabilities of discontinued operations   124,043    177,393 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   16,181,082    11,412,742 
Long-term debt, less current maturities, net of debt discount of $171,868 and $343,733, respectively   1,098,641    5,009,283 
Convertible notes payable, net of debt discount of $10 and $1,872,587, respectively   -    1,477,413 
Capital leases payable, less current maturities   15,969    36,628 
Deferred rent   1,798,660    2,196,523 
Deferred tax liabilities   1,353,771    686,884 
TOTAL LIABILITIES   20,448,073    20,819,473 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)          
           
Stockholders’ equity:          
Preferred stock: no par value; authorized 5,000,000 shares; none issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock: $0.0001 par value; authorized 45,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 21,337,247 and 7,249,442 shares, respectively   2,134    725 
Additional paid in capital   55,365,597    32,601,400 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (987,695)   (1,657,908)
Non-controlling interest   389,810    4,904,471 
Accumulated deficit   (33,012,713)   (20,876,187)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   21,757,133    14,972,501 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $42,205,206   $35,791,974 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 F-3 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

 

   Years Ended 
   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Revenue:          
Restaurant sales, net  $41,010,680   $28,745,258 
Gaming income, net   472,752    432,688 
Management fee income - non-affiliates   553,953    665,488 
Franchise income   359,424    - 
Total revenue   42,396,809    29,843,434 
Expenses:          
Restaurant cost of sales   14,036,165    9,934,532 
Restaurant operating expenses   24,815,221    17,363,743 
Restaurant pre-opening and closing expenses   763,948    524,739 
General and administrative expenses   7,415,381    5,976,870 
Asset impairment charge   4,489,043    - 
Depreciation and amortization   2,364,967    1,587,858 
Total expenses   53,884,725    35,387,742 
Loss from continuing operations   (11,487,916)   (5,544,308)
Other (expense) income          
Interest expense   (3,470,451)   (2,280,921)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   868,592    1,227,600 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   (315,923)   - 
Realized (loss) gains on securities   (169,369)   101,472 
Equity in losses of investments   -    (40,694)
Other income (expense)   253,642    334,477 
Total other (expense) income   (2,833,509)   (658,066)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes   (14,321,425)   (6,202,374)
Income tax benefit (expense)   (187,568)   476,501 
Loss from continuing operations   (14,508,993)   (5,725,873)
Gain (loss) from discontinued operations, net of taxes   53,350    (920,960)
Consolidated net loss   (14,455,643)   (6,646,833)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest   2,319,117    243,462 
Net loss attributable to Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.  $(12,136,526)  $(6,403,371)
           
Net loss attributable to Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.:          
Loss from continuing operations  $(12,189,876)  $(5,482,411)
Gain (loss) from discontinued operations   53,350    (920,960)
Net loss attributable to Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.  $(12,136,526)  $(6,403,371)
           
Other comprehensive loss:          
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities (none applies to non-controlling interest)  $(4,039)  $(223,746)
Foreign currency translation (loss) gain   (963,528)   (1,345,793)
Total other comprehensive loss   (967,567)   (1,569,539)
Comprehensive loss  $(13,104,093)  $(7,972,910)
           
Net loss attributable to Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. per common share, basic and diluted:          
Continuing operations attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted  $(0.86)  $(0.87)
Discontinued operations attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted  $0.00   $(0.15)
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   14,245,437    6,332,843 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 F-4 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

 

               Accumulated             
           Additional   Other   Non-         
   Common Stock   Paid-in   Comprehensive   Controlling   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Loss   Interest   Deficit   Total 
                             
Balance, January 1, 2014   5,387,897   $539   $25,404,994   $(88,368)  $394,645   $(14,472,816)  $11,238,994 
                                    
Common stock and warrants issued for:                                   
Cash proceeds, net   469,101    47    857,155    -    -    -    857,202 
Business combinations   1,021,900    102    5,401,639    -    4,753,288    -    10,155,029 
Interest   155,307    16    161,798    -    -    -    161,814 
Consulting services   225,465    23    711,868    -    -    -    711,891 
Warrant exercise   174,772    17    349,527    -    -    -    349,544 
Warrants issued in connection with convertible debt   -    -    70,969    -    -    -    70,969 
Repurchase of shares and warrants   (185,000)   (19)   (446,050)   -    -    -    (446,069)
Amortization of warrants   -    -    89,500    -    -    -    89,500 
Foreign currency translation   -    -    -    (1,345,794)   -    -    (1,345,794)
Available-for-sale securities   -    -    -    (223,746)   -    -    (223,746)
Net loss   -    -    -    -    (243,462)   (6,403,371)   (6,646,833)
Balance, December 31, 2014   7,249,442   $725   $32,601,400   $(1,657,908)  $4,904,471   $(20,876,187)  $14,972,501 
Common stock and warrants issued for:                                   
Cash proceeds, net   9,508,659    951    14,920,952    -    -    -    14,921,903 
Business combinations   2,985,600    299    4,062,018    -    -    -    4,062,317 
Consulting services   104,000    11    279,351    -    -    -    279,362 
Convertible debt   1,389,546    139    2,658,395    -    -    -    2,658,533 
Settlement of long-term debt   100,000    10    194,990    -    -    -    195,000 
Warrants issued in connection with convertible debt   -    -    1,002,688    -    -    -    1,002,688 
Adjustment related to discontinued operations   -    -    (376,572)   -    -    -    (376,572)
Amortization of warrants   -    -    22,375    -    -    -    22,375 
Foreign currency translation                  (963,528)             (963,528)
Available-for-sale securities   -    -    -    (4,039)   -    -    (4,039)
Reclassifications related to Australia transactions   -    -    -    1,637,780    (2,543,653)   -    (905,873)
Non-Controlling interest contribution   -    -    -    -    348,109    -    348,109 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    (2,319,117)   (12,136,526)   (14,455,643)
                                  - 
Balance, December 31, 2015   21,337,247   $2,134   $55,365,597   $(987,695)  $389,810   $(33,012,713)  $21,757,133 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-5 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

   Years Ended 
   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(14,455,643)  $(6,646,833)
Net (income) loss from discontinued operations   (53,350)   920,960 
Net loss from continuing operations   (14,508,993)   (5,725,873)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   2,364,967    1,587,858 
Equity in losses of investments   -    40,694 
Asset impairment charge - Australia   4,489,043    - 
Loss on extinguishment of debt   315,923    - 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment   514,571    - 
Loss (gain) on sales of investments   169,639    (101,472)
Common stock issued for services   279,362    711,891 
Amortization of debt discount   2,379,951    1,400,392 
Amortization of warrants   22,375    89,500 
Common stock and warrants issued for interest   -    161,814 
Warrants issued in connection with convertible debt   -    70,969 
Change in assets and liabilities:          
Accounts and other receivables   (758,095)   (49,553)
Prepaid and other assets   221,683    120,456 
Inventory   (130,607)   485,499 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   1,166,376    (368,475)
Change in amounts payable to non-controlling interest   (895,341)   1,427,183 
Derivative liabilities   (868,592)   (200,800)
Deferred Rent   (220,113)   - 
Deferred income taxes   94,527    (653,828)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities from continuing operations   (5,363,324)   (1,003,745)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities from discontinued operations   (4,500)   (23,195)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (5,367,824)   (1,026,940)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchase of property and equipment   (1,798,221)   (1,970,173)
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired   (9,022,791)   (322,473)
Proceeds from sale of investments   330,361    121,222 
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations   (10,490,651)   (2,171,424)
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from sale of common stock and warrants   14,921,903    1,206,746 
Loan proceeds   663,074    2,072,951 
Loan repayments   (891,529)   (202,456)
Proceeds from convertible debt   2,150,000    - 
Capital lease payments   (52,807)   (47,602)
Contribution of non-controlling interest   348,109    - 
Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations   17,138,750    3,029,639 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   1,783    (28,141)
Net increase (decrease) in cash   1,282,058    (196,866)
Cash, beginning of period   245,828    442,694 
Cash, end of period  $1,527,886   $245,828 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 F-6 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, continued

 

   Years Ended 
   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
         
Supplemental cash flow information:          
Cash paid for interest and income taxes:          
Interest  $1,068,383   $320,260 
Income taxes   79,228    45,517 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Purchase of equipment using capital leases  $50,087   $- 
Issuance of stock in connection with business combinations   4,062,317    5,401,639 
Debt assumed in connection with business combinations        5,000,000 
Debt discount for fair value of warrants and conversion feature issued in connection with debt   1,781,588    1,026,800 
Repurchase of shares and warrants in connection with discontinued operation   -    446,069 
Convertible debt settled through issuance of common stock   2,275,000    - 
Long-term debt settled through issuance of common stock   100,000    - 
           
Purchases of businesses:          
Current assets excluding cash  $1,148,334   $636,894 
Property and equipment   5,387,283    7,945,152 
Goodwill   4,579,666    11,394,009 
Trade name/trademarks/franchise fees   4,300,000    559,304 
Deposits and other assets   -    136,025 
Liabilities assumed   (2,330,175)   (4,165,235)
Non-controlling interest   -    (4,753,288)
Chanticleer equity   -    (1,028,749)
Common stock issued   (4,062,317)   (5,401,639)
Assumption of debt   -    (5,000,000)
Cash acquired   253,638    27,527 
Cash paid for acquistions  $9,276,429   $350,000 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 F-7 
 

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Nature of Business

 

Organization

 

Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) is in the business of owning, operating and franchising fast casual dining concepts domestically and internationally. The Company was organized October 21, 1999, under its original name, Tulvine Systems, Inc., under the laws of the State of Delaware. On April 25, 2005, Tulvine Systems, Inc. formed a wholly owned subsidiary, Chanticleer Holdings, Inc., and on May 2, 2005, Tulvine Systems, Inc. merged with, and changed its name to, Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Chanticleer Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries presented below (collectively referred to as the “Company”):

 

Name  Jurisdiction of
Incorporation
  Percent
Owned
   Name  Jurisdiction of Incorporation  Percent
Owned
 
CHANTICLEER HOLDINGS, INC.  Delaware, USA                
Burger Business          Pacific Northwest Hooters        
American Roadside Burgers, Inc.  Delaware, USA   100%  Oregon Owl’s Nest, LLC  Oregon, USA   100%
ARB Stores          Jantzen Beach Wings, LLC  Oregon, USA   100%
American Roadside McBee, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  Tacoma Wings, LLC  Washington, USA   100%
American Burger Morehead, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%           
American Roadside Morrison, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  South African Hooters        
American Burger Ally, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  Hooters On The Buzz (Pty) Ltd  South Africa   95%
BGR Acquisition, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  Chanticleer South Africa (Pty) Ltd.  South Africa   100%
BGR Franchising, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Hooters Emperors Palace (Pty.) Ltd.  South Africa   88%
BGR Operations, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Hooters PE (Pty) Ltd  South Africa   100%
BGR Old Town, LLC  Maryland, USA   100%  Hooters Ruimsig (Pty) Ltd.  South Africa   100%
BGR Dupont, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Hooters Umhlanga (Pty.) Ltd.  South Africa   90%
BGR Arlington, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Hooters SA (Pty) Ltd  South Africa   78%
BGR Old Keene Mill, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Hooters Willows Crossing (Pty) Ltd  South Africa   100%
BGR Potomac, LLC  Maryland, USA   100%           
BGR Cascades, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  Australian Hooters        
BGR Washingtonian, LLC  Maryland, USA   100%  HOTR AUSTRALIA PTY LTD  Australia   80%
BGR Tysons, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  HOTR CAMPBELLTOWN PTY LTD  Australia   80%
BGR Springfield Mall, LLC  Virginia, USA   100%  HOTR GOLD COAST PTY LTD  Australia   80%
Capitol Burger, LLC  Maryland, USA   100%  HOTR PARRAMATTA PTY LTD  Australia   80%
BT Burger Acquisition, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  HOTR PENRITH PTY LTD  Australia   80%
BT’s Burgerjoint Biltmore, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  HOTR TOWNSVILLE PTY LTD  Australia   80%
BT’s Burgerjoint Promenade, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%           
BT’s Burgerjoint Sun Valley, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  European Hooters        
BT’s Burgerjoint Rivergate LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  Chanticleer Holdings Limited  Jersey   100%
LBB Acquisition, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%  West End Wings LTD  United Kingdom   100%
Cuarto LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Crown Restaurants Kft.  Hungary   80%
Segundo LLC  Oregon, USA   100%           
Noveno LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Inactive Entities        
Primero LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Hooters Brazil  Brazil   100%
Septimo LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  DineOut SA Ltd.  England   89%
Quinto LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Avenel Financial Services, LLC  Nevada, USA   100%
Octavo LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Avenel Ventures, LLC  Nevada, USA   100%
Sexto LLC  Oregon, USA   100%  Chanticleer Advisors, LLC  Nevada, USA   100%
           Chanticleer Investment Partners, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%
Just Fresh          Dallas Spoon Beverage, LLC  Texas, USA   100%
JF Franchising Systems, LLC  North Carolina, USA   56%  Dallas Spoon, LLC  Texas, USA   100%
JF Restaurants, LLC  North Carolina, USA   56%  Hoot Campbelltown Pty Ltd  Australia   60%
           Chanticleer Holdings Australia Pty, Ltd.  Australia   100%
           Hoot Australia Pty Ltd  Australia   60%
           TMIX Management Australia Pty Ltd.  Australia   60%
           Hoot Parramatta Pty Ltd  Australia   60%
           Hoot Penrith Pty Ltd  Australia   60%
           Hoot Gold Coast Pty Ltd  Australia   60%
           Hoot Townsville Pty. Ltd  Australia   60%
           Hoot Surfers Paradise Pty. Ltd.  Australia   60%
           MVLE DARLING HARBOUR PTY LTD  Australia   50%
           MVLE GAMING PTY LTD  Australia   100%
           American Roadside Cross Hill, LLC  North Carolina, USA   100%

 

All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

 F-8 
 

 

The Company operates on a calendar year-end. The accounts of two subsidiaries, Just Fresh and Hooters Nottingham (“WEW”), are consolidated based on either a 52- or 53-week period ending on the Sunday closest to each December 31. No events occurred related to the difference between the Company’s reporting calendar year end and the Company’s two subsidiaries year ends that materially affected the company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

NET GAIN (LOSS) FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

Net gain (loss) from discontinued operations was a gain of $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to a loss of $0.9 million in 2014. The Company discontinued the operations of its Spoon business in December 2014.

 

LIQUIDITY, CAPITAL RESOURCES AND GOING CONCERN

 

As of December 31, 2015, our cash balance was $1.5 million and improved by $1.3 million as compared with December 31, 2014. The level of additional cash needed to fund operations and our ability to conduct business for the next twelve months will be influenced primarily by the following factors:

 

  the pace of growth in our restaurant businesses and related investments in opening new stores;
     
  the level of investment in acquisition of new restaurant businesses and entering new markets;
     
  our ability to manage our operating expenses and maintain gross margins as we grow:
     
  our ability to access the capital and debt markets including our ability to refinance or extend maturities of current obligations.;
     
  popularity of and demand for our fast casual dining concepts; and
     
  general economic conditions and changes in consumer discretionary income.

 

We have typically funded our operating costs, acquisition activities, working capital investments and capital expenditures with proceeds from the issuances of our common stock and other financing arrangements, including convertible debt, lines of credit, notes payable and capital leases.

 

Our operating plans for the next twelve months contemplate moderate organic growth, opening 6-10 new stores within our current markets and restaurant concepts. We have demonstrated the ability to raise capital to fund our growth initiatives, including but not limited to the following:

 

  During the first quarter of 2015, we completed a rights offering raising net proceeds of approximately $7.1 million and issued $2.2 million in convertible debt to fund the acquisition of BGR: The Burger Joint and for general corporate purposes.

 

 F-9 
 
 

  During the second quarter of 2015, we completed an equity transaction raising net proceeds of approximately $1.9 million to complete the acquisition of BT’s Burger Joints and for general corporate purposes.
     
  During the third quarter of 2015, we completed a rights offering raising net proceeds of approximately $6.0 million to fund the acquisition of Little Big Burger, investments in Australia and general corporate purposes.
     
  In early 2016, we entered into a letter of intent directly with a US investor to fund the opening of up to 10 Little Big Burger restaurants in the Seattle, Washington area. We are actively pursuing sites and anticipate opening our first store under that arrangement by the end of 2016.

 

As we execute our growth plans throughout 2016, we intend to carefully monitor the impact of growth on our working capital needs and cash balances relative to the availability of cost-effective debt and equity financing. We have a demonstrated track record of being able to raise capital and close deals over the past 18 months. We have several non-equity capital financing transactions currently in process, which we expect to further improve the Company’s financial position however, until such transactions are fully executed, we cannot provide assurance as to the certainly of completion or the precise amounts, if any, that will be received by the Company.

 

In the event that such capital is not available, we may then have to scale back or freeze our organic growth plans, reduce general and administrative expenses, and/or curtail future acquisition plans to manage our liquidity and capital resources. We may also not be able refinance or otherwise extend or repay our current obligations. In addition, our business is subject to additional risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, those described in Item 1A. “Risk Factors”.

 

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Significant estimates include the valuation of the investments in portfolio companies, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, valuing options and warrants using the Binomial Lattice and Black Scholes models, intangible asset valuations and useful lives, depreciation and uncollectible accounts and reserves. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

Revenue is recognized when all of the following criteria have been satisfied:

 

  Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;
     
  Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
     
  The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and
     
  Collectability is reasonably assured.

 

 F-10 
 

 

Restaurant Net Sales and Food and Beverage Costs

 

The Company records revenue from restaurant sales at the time of sale, net of discounts, coupons, employee meals, and complimentary meals and gift cards. Sales, value added tax (“VAT”) and goods and services tax (“GST”) collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are presented on a net basis within sales in our consolidated statements of operations. Restaurant cost of sales primarily includes the cost of food, beverages, and merchandise and disposable paper and plastic goods used in preparing and selling our menu items, and exclude depreciation and amortization. Vendor allowances received in connection with the purchase of a vendor’s products are recognized as a reduction of the related food and beverage costs as earned.

 

Management Fee Income

 

The Company receives revenue from management fees from certain non-affiliated companies, including from managing its investment in Hooters of America.

 

Gaming Income

 

The Company receives revenue from operating a gaming facility adjacent to its Hooters restaurant in Jantzen Beach, Oregon. The Company also previously received gaming revenue from gaming machines located in Sydney, Australia. Revenue from gaming is recognized as earned from gaming activities, net of taxes and other government fees.

 

Franchise Income

 

The Company accounts for initial franchisee fees in accordance with FASB ASC 952, Franchisors. The Company grants franchises to operators in exchange for initial franchise license fees and continuing royalty payments. Franchise license fees are deferred when received and recognized as revenue when the Company has performed substantially all initial services required by the franchise or license agreement, which is generally upon the opening of a store. Continuing fees, which are based upon a percentage of franchisee revenues, are recognized on the accrual basis as those sales occur.

 

Business combinations

 

For business combinations, the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any non-controlling interest are recognized at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date. In a business combination achieved in stages, the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the non-controlling interest in the acquiree, are recognized at the full amounts of their fair values. In a bargain purchase in which the total acquisition-date fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired exceeds the fair value of the consideration transferred plus any non-controlling interest in the acquiree, that excess would be recognized in earnings as a gain attributable to the Company.

 

Long-lived Assets

 

The Company accounts for long-lived assets in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets” (“ASC 360”), which requires that long-lived assets be evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable or the useful life has changed. Some of the events or changes in circumstances that would trigger an impairment test include, but are not limited to;

 

  significant under-performance relative to expected and/or historical results (negative comparable sales growth or operating cash flows for two consecutive years);
     
  significant negative industry or economic trends;
     
  knowledge of transactions involving the sale of similar property at amounts below the company’s carrying value; or
     
  the company’s expectation to dispose of long-lived assets before the end of their estimated useful lives, even though the assets do not meet the criteria to be classified as “held for sale”.

 

 F-11 
 

 

Long-lived assets are grouped for recognition and measurement of impairment at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets. The impairment test for long-lived assets requires us to assess the recoverability of our long-lived assets by comparing their net carrying value to the sum of undiscounted estimated future cash flows directly associated with and arising from the company’s use and eventual disposition of the assets. If the net carrying value of a group of long-lived assets exceeds the sum of related undiscounted estimated future cash flows, the Company would be required to record an impairment charge equal to the excess, if any, of net carrying value over fair value.

 

When assessing the recoverability of our long-lived assets, which include property and equipment and finite-lived intangible assets, the company makes assumptions regarding estimated future cash flows and other factors. Some of these assumptions involve a high degree of judgment and also bear a significant impact on the assessment conclusions. Included among these assumptions are estimating undiscounted future cash flows, including the projection of comparable sales, operating expenses, capital requirements for maintaining property and equipment and residual value of asset groups. The Company formulates estimates from historical experience and assumptions of future performance, based on business plans and forecasts, recent economic and business trends, and competitive conditions. In the event that our estimates or related assumptions change in the future, the company may be required to record an impairment charge.

 

The Company evaluates the remaining useful lives of long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets whenever events or circumstances indicate that a revision to the remaining period of amortization is warranted. Such events or circumstances may include (but are not limited to): the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition, and/or other economic factors including the stability of the industry in which the Company operates, known technological advances, legislative actions, or changes in the regulatory environment. If the estimated remaining useful lives change, the remaining carrying amount of the long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets would be amortized prospectively over that revised remaining useful life.

 

RESTAURANT PRE-OPENING and closing EXPENSES

 

Restaurant pre-opening and closing expenses are non-capital expenditures, and are expensed as incurred. Restaurant pre-opening expenses consist of the costs of hiring and training the initial hourly work force for each new restaurant, travel, the cost of food and supplies used in training, grand opening promotional costs, the cost of the initial stocking of operating supplies and other direct costs related to the opening of a restaurant, including rent during the construction and in-restaurant training period. Restaurant closing expenses consists of the costs related to the closing of a restaurant location and include write-off of property and equipment, lease termination costs and other costs directly related to the closure. Pre-opening and closing expenses are expensed as incurred.

 

LIQUOR LICENSES

 

The costs of obtaining non-transferable liquor licenses that are directly issued by local government agencies for nominal fees are expensed as incurred. The costs of purchasing transferable liquor licenses through open markets in jurisdictions with a limited number of authorized liquor licenses are capitalized as indefinite-lived intangible assets and included in other assets. Liquor licenses are reviewed for impairment annually or when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Annual liquor license renewal fees are expensed over the renewal term.

 

ACCOUNTS AND OTHER RECEIVABLES

 

The Company monitors its exposure for credit losses on its receivable balances and the credit worthiness of its receivables on an ongoing basis and records related allowances for doubtful accounts. Allowances are estimated based upon specific customer and other balances, where a risk of default has been identified, and also include a provision for non-customer specific defaults based upon historical experience. The majority of the Company’s accounts are from customer credit card transactions with minimal historical credit risk. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company has not recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts. If circumstances related to specific customers change, estimates of the recoverability of receivables could also change.

 

 F-12 
 

 

INVENTORIES

 

Inventories are recorded at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market, and consist primarily of restaurant food items, supplies, beverages and merchandise.

 

LEASES

 

The Company leases certain property under operating leases. The Company also finances certain property using capital leases, with the asset and obligation recorded at an amount equal to the present value of the minimum lease payments during the lease term.

 

Many of these lease agreements contain rent holidays, rent escalation clauses and/or contingent rent provisions. Rent expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the expected lease term, including cancelable option periods when failure to exercise such options would result in an economic penalty. The Company also may receive tenant improvement allowances in connection with its leases, which are capitalized as leasehold improvements with a corresponding liability recorded in the deferred rent liability line in the consolidated balance sheet. The tenant improvement allowance liability is amortized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The rent commencement date of the lease term is the earlier of the date when the Company becomes legally obligated for the rent payments or the date when the Company takes access to the property or the grounds for build out. Certain leases contain percentage rent provisions where additional rent may become due if the location exceeds certain sales thresholds. The Company recognizes expense related to percentage rent obligations at such time as it becomes probable that the percent rent threshold will be met.

 

MARKETABLE EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

The Company’s investments in marketable equity securities, which are classified as available-for-sale, are carried at fair value. Investments available for current operations are classified in the consolidated balance sheets as current assets; investments held for long-term purposes are classified as non-current assets. Unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, are reported in other comprehensive income as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Gains and losses are reported in the consolidated statements of operations when realized, determined based on the disposition of specifically identified investments, using a first-in, first-out method.

 

Investments identified by the Company as being potentially impaired are subject to further analysis to determine if the impairment is other than temporary. Other than temporary declines in market value from original costs are charged to investment and other income, net, in the period in which the loss occurs. In determining whether investment holdings are other than temporarily impaired, the Company considers the nature, cause, severity and duration of the impairment.

 

OTHER INVESTMENTS

 

Investments in which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence and that, in general, are at least 20 percent owned are stated at cost plus equity in undistributed net earnings (loss), less distributions received. The Company also has equity investments in which it owns less than 20%, which are stated at cost. An impairment loss would be recorded whenever a decline in the value of an equity investment or cost investment is below its carrying amount and is determined to be other than temporary. In judging “other than temporary,” the Company considers the length of time and extent to which the fair value of the investment has been less than the carrying amount of the investment, the near-term and long-term operating and financial prospects of the investee, and the Company’s long-term intent of retaining the investment in the investee.

 

 F-13 
 

 

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

For financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, fair value is the price we would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction with a market participant at the measurement date. In the absence of active markets for the identical assets or liabilities, such measurements involve developing assumptions based on market observable data and, in the absence of such data, internal information that is consistent with what market participants would use in a hypothetical transaction that occurs at the measurement date.

 

Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect our market assumptions. Preference is given to observable inputs. These two types of inputs create the following fair value hierarchy:

 

  Level 1 Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
     
  Level 2 Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.
     
  Level 3 Significant inputs to the valuation model are unobservable.

 

We maintain policies and procedures to value instruments using the best and most relevant data available. Our investment committee reviews and approves all investment valuations.

 

Our available-for-sale equity securities are all valued using Level 1 inputs or Level 2 inputs.

 

fair value of financial instruments

 

The Company is required to disclose fair value information about financial instruments when it is practicable to estimate that value. The carrying amounts of the Company’s cash, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses, other current liabilities, convertible notes payable and notes payable approximate their estimated fair value due to the short-term maturities of these financial instruments and because related interest rates offered to the Company approximate current rates.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation and amortization, which includes amortization of assets held under capital leases, are recorded generally using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets or, if shorter, the term of the lease for certain assets held under a capital lease. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the expected lease term, or the estimated useful lives of the related assets using the straight-line method.

 

The estimated useful lives used to compute depreciation and amortization are as follow:

 

Leasehold improvements 5-15 years
Restaurant furnishings and equipment 3-10 years
Furniture and fixtures 3-10 years
Office and computer equipment 3-7 years

 

The carrying amount of all long-lived assets is evaluated periodically to determine if adjustment to the depreciation and amortization period or the unamortized balance is warranted. Based upon its most recent analysis, the Company believes that no impairment of property and equipment exists at December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

 F-14 
 

 

Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations when incurred. Betterments and renewals are capitalized. When property and equipment are sold or otherwise disposed of, the asset account and related accumulated depreciation account are relieved, and any gain or loss is included in operations.

 

Goodwill

 

The Company reviews goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist. Goodwill is not subject to amortization and has been assigned to reporting units for purposes of impairment testing. The reporting units are our restaurant brands and/or geographic area.

 

A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indicator of impairment has occurred. Such indicators may include, among others: a significant decline in the Company’s expected future cash flows; a sustained, significant decline in our stock price and market capitalization; a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate; unanticipated competition; the testing for recoverability of a significant asset group within a reporting unit; and slower growth rates. Any adverse change in these factors could have a significant impact on the recoverability of these assets and could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

The goodwill impairment test involves a two-step process. The first step is a comparison of each reporting unit’s fair value to its carrying value. The Company estimates fair value using the best information available, including market information and discounted cash flow projections (also referred to as the income approach). The income approach uses a reporting unit’s projection of estimated operating results and cash flows that is discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital that reflects current market conditions. The projection uses management’s best estimates of economic and market conditions over the projected period including growth rates in sales, costs and number of units, estimates of future expected changes in operating margins and cash expenditures. Other significant estimates and assumptions include terminal value growth rates, future estimates of capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. The Company validates its estimates of fair value under the income approach by comparing the values to fair value estimates using a market approach. A market approach estimates fair value by applying cash flow and sales multiples to the reporting unit’s operating performance. The multiples are derived from comparable publicly traded companies with similar operating and investment characteristics of the reporting units.

 

If the fair value of the reporting unit is higher than its carrying value, goodwill is deemed not to be impaired, and no further testing is required. If the carrying value of the reporting unit is higher than its fair value, there is an indication that impairment may exist and the second step must be performed to measure the amount of impairment loss. The amount of impairment is determined by comparing the implied fair value of reporting unit goodwill to the carrying value of the goodwill in the same manner as if the reporting unit was being acquired in a business combination. Specifically, fair value is allocated to all of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit, including any unrecognized intangible assets, in a hypothetical analysis that would calculate the implied fair value of goodwill. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the recorded goodwill, the Company would record an impairment loss for the difference.

 

InTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Trade Name/Trademark

 

The fair value of trade name/trademarks are estimated and compared to the carrying value. The Company estimates the fair value of trademarks using the relief-from-royalty method, which requires assumptions related to projected sales from its annual long-range plan; assumed royalty rates that could be payable if the Company did not own the trademarks; and a discount rate. Certain of the Company’s trade name/trademarks have been determined to have a definite-lived life and are being amortized on a straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of 10 years. The amortization expense of these definite-lived intangibles is included in depreciation and amortization in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. Certain of the Company’s trade name/trademarks have been classified as indefinite-lived intangible assets and are not amortized, but instead are reviewed for impairment at least annually or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist.

 

 F-15 
 

 

Franchise Cost

 

Intangible assets are recorded for the initial franchise fees for our Hooter’s restaurants. The Company amortizes these amounts over a 20-year period, which is the life of the franchise agreement.

 

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS

 

The Company reviews the recoverability of all long-lived assets, including the related useful lives, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset might not be recoverable. If required, the Company compares the estimated fair value determined by either the undiscounted future net cash flows or appraised value to the related asset’s carrying value to determine whether there has been an impairment. If an asset is considered impaired, the asset is written down to fair value in the period in which the impairment becomes known. The Company recognized impairment charges during the years ended December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 related to the Company’s Discontinued Operations (See Note 5 “Discontinued Operations”) and the Australia Administration ( See Note 19 “Australia Administration Transactions and Asset Impairment”).

 

DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

In connection with the issuance of a secured convertible promissory note, the terms of the convertible note included an embedded conversion feature; which provided for the settlement of the convertible promissory note into shares of common stock at a rate, which was determined to be variable. The Company determined that the conversion feature was an embedded derivative instrument pursuant to ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”.

 

The accounting treatment of derivative financial instruments requires that the Company record the conversion option and related warrants at their fair values as of the inception date of the agreements and at fair value as of each subsequent balance sheet date. Any change in fair value was recorded as a change in the fair value of derivative liabilities in the statement of operations. The Company reassesses the classification at each balance sheet date. If the classification changes as a result of events during the period, the contract is reclassified as of the date of the event that caused the reclassification.

 

The fair value of an embedded conversion option that is convertible into a variable amount of shares are deemed to be a “down-round protection” and therefore, do not meet the scope exception for treatment as a derivative under ASC 815. Since, “down-round protection” is not an input into the calculation of the fair value of the conversion option and cannot be considered “indexed to the Company’s own stock” which is a requirement for the scope exception as outlined under ASC 815. The Company determined the fair value of the Binomial Lattice Model and the Black-Scholes Model to be materially the same. The Company’s outstanding warrants did not contain any down round protection.

 

The Black-Scholes option valuation model is used to estimate the fair value of the warrants or options granted. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options or warrants. The expected volatility is estimated based on the most recent historical period of time equal to the weighted average life of the warrants or options granted.

 

ACQUIRED ASSETS AND ASSUMED LIABILITIES

 

Pursuant to ASC No. 805-10-25, if the initial accounting for a business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the combination occurs, but during the allowed measurement period not to exceed one year from the acquisition date, the company retrospectively adjusts the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date by means of adjusting the amount recognized for goodwill.

 

 F-16 
 

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred income taxes are provided on the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax basis. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. The Company has provided a valuation allowance for the full amount of the deferred tax assets.

 

As of December 31, 2015 and 2014 the Company had no accrued interest or penalties relating to any income tax obligations. The Company currently has no federal or state examinations in progress, nor has it had any federal or state tax examinations since its inception. The last three years of the Company’s tax years are subject to federal and state tax examination.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions (including the cost of all employee stock options) is required to be recognized in the financial statements. That cost is measured based on the estimated fair value of the equity or liability instruments issued. A wide range of share-based compensation arrangements including share options, restricted share plans, performance-based awards, share appreciation rights and employee share purchase plans are included. The Company’s financial statements would include an expense for all share-based compensation arrangements granted on or after January 1, 2006 and for any such arrangements that are modified, cancelled or repurchased after that date based on the grant-date estimated fair value.

 

As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, there were no options outstanding. See Note 14 regarding outstanding warrants.

 

LOSS PER COMMON SHARE

 

The Company is required to report both basic earnings per share, which is based on the weighted-average number of shares outstanding and diluted earnings per share, which is based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding plus all diluted shares outstanding.

 

The following table summarizes the number of common shares potentially issuable upon the exercise of certain warrants, convertible notes payable and convertible interest as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, which have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per common share since the effect would be antidilutive.

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Warrants   9,506,304    8,715,804 
Convertible notes payable   3,757,188    2,626,900 
Convertible interest   123,526    42,306 
Total   13,387,018    11,385,010 

 

ADVERTISING

 

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising expenses which are included in restaurant operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations, totaled $0.7 million and $0.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Advertising expense primarily includes local advertising.

 

 F-17 
 

 

AMORTIZATION OF DEBT DISCOUNT

 

The Company has issued various debt with warrants and conversion features for which total proceeds were allocated to individual instruments based on the relative fair value of the each instrument at the time of issuance. The value of the debt was recorded as discount on debt and amortized over the term of the respective debt. For the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 amortization of debt discount was $2.4 million and $1.4 million, respectively.

 

FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

 

Assets and liabilities denominated in local currency are translated to U.S. dollars using the exchange rates as in effect at the balance sheet date. Results of operations are translated using average exchange rates prevailing throughout the period. Adjustments resulting from the process of translating foreign currency financial statements from functional currency into U.S. dollars are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss within stockholders’ equity. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in current earnings. The Company has determined that local currency is the functional currency for each of its foreign operations. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in current earnings.

 

Comprehensive Income (LOSS)

 

Standards for reporting and displaying comprehensive income (loss) and its components (revenues, expenses, gains and losses) in a full set of general-purpose financial statements requires that all items that are required to be recognized under accounting standards as components of comprehensive income (loss) be reported in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements. We are required to (a) classify items of other comprehensive income (loss) by their nature in financial statements, and (b) display the accumulated balance of other comprehensive income (loss) separately in the equity section of the balance sheet for all periods presented. Other comprehensive income (loss) items include foreign currency translation adjustments, and the unrealized gains and losses on our marketable securities classified as held for sale.

 

concentration of credit risk

 

The Company maintains its cash with major financial institutions. Cash held in U.S. bank institutions is currently insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000 at each institution. No similar insurance or guarantee exists for cash held in Australia, South Africa, Hungary or United Kingdom bank accounts. There were approximately $0.4 million and $0.1 million aggregate uninsured cash balances at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

RECLASSIFICATIONS

 

Certain reclassifications have been made in the financial statements at December 31, 2014 and for the period then ended to conform to the December 31, 2015 presentation. The reclassifications had no effect on net loss.

 

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02 “Leases”, which supersedes ASC 840 “Leases” and creates a new topic, ASC 842 “Leases”. This update requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a lease asset for all leases, including operating leases, with a term greater than 12 months on its balance sheet. The update also expands the required quantitative and qualitative disclosures surrounding leases. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier adoption permitted. This update will be applied using a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-18 
 

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, “Income Taxes” which requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. Prior to the issuance of the standard, deferred tax liabilities and assets were required to be separately classified into a current amount and a noncurrent amount in the balance sheet. The new accounting guidance represents a change in accounting principle and the standard is required to be adopted in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The application of this guidance affects classification only, and is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which requires entities to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value (“NRV”). ASU 2015-11 defines NRV as the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The ASU will not apply to inventories that are measured by using either the last-in, first-out method or the retail inventory method. The guidance in ASU 2015-11 is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. Upon transition, entities must disclose the nature of and reason for the accounting change. The adoption of ASU 2015-11 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, “Consolidation: Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis.” This update improves targeted areas of the consolidation guidance and reduces the number of consolidation models. This update is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of ASU 2015-02 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties About an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The standard is intended to define management’s responsibility to decide whether there is substantial doubt about an organization’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The standard requires management to decide whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The standard provides guidance to an organization’s management, with principles and definitions that are intended to reduce diversity in the timing and content of disclosures that are commonly provided by organizations in their footnotes. The standard becomes effective in annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. The adoption of this pronouncement is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements. Management’s evaluations regarding the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern have been disclosed in Note 1 of the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-17, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Pushdown Accounting” (“ASU 2014-17”). ASU 2014-17 provides with an option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements upon occurrence of an event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. The acquired entity may elect the option to apply pushdown accounting in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs. If pushdown accounting is not applied in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs, an acquired entity will have the option to elect to apply pushdown accounting in a subsequent reporting period as a change in accounting principle in accordance with ASC Topic 250, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections”. If pushdown accounting is applied to an individual change-in-control event, that election is irrevocable. ASU 2014-17 also requires an acquired entity that elects the option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements to disclose information in the current reporting period that enables users of financial statements to evaluate the effect of pushdown accounting. The Company has adopted the amendments in ASU 2014-17, effective November 18, 2014, as the amendments in the update are effective upon issuance. The adoption did not have an impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

There are several other new accounting pronouncements issued by FASB, which are not yet effective. Each of these pronouncements has been or will be adopted, as applicable, by the Company. At December 31, 2015, none of these pronouncements are expected to have a material effect on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows of the Company.

 

 F-19 
 

 

3. ACQUISITIONS

 

The Company’s acquisitions were accounted for using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805 “Business Combinations” and, accordingly, the condensed consolidated statements of operations include the results of these operations from the dates of acquisition. The assets acquired and the liabilities assumed were recorded at estimated fair values based on information currently available and based on certain assumptions as to future operations.

 

In connection with the acquisition of the restaurants, the Company analyzed each acquisition to determine the purchase price allocation in consideration of all identifiable intangibles. Based on our evaluation, there were no marketing related assets, customer related intangibles or contract based arrangements for which the purchase price would be required to be allocated. For marketing related assets, the Company did not acquire any trademarks or trade names (for Hooters acquisitions) or enter into any non-compete agreements. The Company is however required to pay royalties based on future sales. For acquisitions other than Hooters restaurants, the value of any trademark/tradename, was calculated using a relief of royalty method considering future franchise opportunities, and the value was determined to be de minimus. With respect to customer related intangibles, the Company did not acquire any customer lists or enter into any customer contractual arrangements nor did the Company enter into any licensing or royalty arrangements requiring a further allocation of the purchase price. The premium paid for the businesses represents the economic value that is not captured by other assets such as the reputation of the businesses, the value of its human capital, its future growth potential and its professional management. The acquisition of these businesses will help the Company expand its domestic operations and presence.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company acquired several businesses to complement and expand its Hooters full service and its Better Burger fast casual restaurant businesses. In connection with these acquisitions, the Company acquired strategic opportunities to expand its scale and presence in the geographic markets where it operates, to expand into new markets, and to strengthen the Company’s full service and fast casual restaurant businesses.

 

2015 Acquisitions

 

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company acquired three businesses to complement and expand its current operations in the Better Burger fast casual restaurant category. In connection with these acquisitions, the Company acquired strategic opportunities to expand its scale and presence in the Better Burger category.

 

Acquisition of BGR: The Burger Joint

 

The Company completed the acquisition of BGR: The Burger Joint effective March 15, 2015. The Company allocated the purchase price as of the date of acquisition based on appraisals and estimated the fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities. In consideration of the purchased assets, the Company paid a purchase price consisting of $4,000,000 in cash, 500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $1.0 million, and a contractual working capital adjustment of $276,429. The fair value of the shares was the closing stock market price on, the date the deal acquisition was consummated. No warrants were issued in connection with the acquisition.

 

Acquisition of BT’s Burger Joint

 

On July 1, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition with BT’s Burgerjoint Management, LLC, a limited liability company organized under the laws of North Carolina (“BT’s”), including the ownership interests of four operating restaurant subsidiaries engaged in the fast casual hamburger restaurant business under the name “BT’s Burger Joint.” In consideration of the purchased assets, the Company paid a purchase price consisting of $1.4 million in cash and 424,080 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $1.0 million. The fair value of the shares was the closing stock market price on, the date the deal acquisition was consummated. No warrants were issued in connection with the acquisition.

 

 F-20 
 

 

Acquisition of Little Big Burger

 

On September 30, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of various entities operating eight Little Big Burger restaurants in Oregon. In consideration of the purchased assets, the Company paid a purchase price consisting of $3,600,000 in cash and 1,874,063 shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $2.1 million. The fair value of the shares was the closing stock market price on, the date the deal acquisition was consummated. No warrants were issued in connection with the acquisition.

 

2014 Acquisitions

 

Tacoma Wings, Jantzen Beach Wings and Oregon Owl’s Nest (“Hooters Pacific NW”)

 

On January 31, 2014, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger executed on December 31, 2013, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of each of Tacoma Wings, LLC, Jantzen Beach Wings, LLC and Oregon Owl’s Nest, LLC, which owned and operated the Hooters restaurant locations in Tacoma, Washington and Portland, Oregon, respectively. These entities were purchased for a total purchase price of 680,272 Company units, with each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s common stock and one five-year warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock. Half of the warrants are exercisable at $5.50 and half of the warrants are exercisable at $7.00. As part of this transaction, the Hooters Sellers were granted registration rights with respect to the Company’s common stock issued and underlying the warrants, and franchise rights and leasehold rights to the locations were transferred to the Company.

 

Dallas Spoon and Dallas Spoon Beverage (“Spoon”)

 

Also on January 31, 2014, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger executed on January 14, 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of Dallas Spoon, LLC and Dallas Spoon Beverage, LLC from Express Restaurant Holdings, LLC and Express Restaurant Holdings Beverage, LLC. The purchase price of 195,000 Company units was paid to Express Working Capital, LLC (“EWC”); the units consist of one share of the Company’s common stock and one five-year warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock. Half of the warrants are exercisable at $5.50 and half of the warrants are exercisable at $7.00. As part of this transaction, EWC was granted registration rights with respect to the Company’s common stock issued and underlying the warrants, and all leaseholds and other rights were transferred to the Company. (See Note 5 “Discontinued Operations”)

 

For the acquisitions of Hooters Pacific NW and Spoon, the fair value of the shares was the closing stock market price on January 31, 2014, the date the deal acquisition was consummated. The fair value of the warrants issued was determined using the Black-Scholes model. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The expected stock price volatility for the Company’s warrants was determined by the historical volatilities for industry peers and used an average of those volatilities. The risk free interest rate was obtained from U.S. Treasury rates for the applicable periods. The contractual terms of the agreement does not provide for and the Company does not expect to declare dividends in the near future. The assumptions were as follows:

 

Acquisitions of Hooters Pacific NW and Spoon:

Assumptions:     
Risk-free interest rate   0.79%
Expected life   5 years 
Expected volatility   89.1%
Dividends   0%

 

 F-21 
 

 

Campbelltown, Penrith, Parramatta, Surfers Paradise, and Townsville (“Hooters Australia”)

 

On April 1, 2014, the Company completed the step acquisition of Hooters Australia, increasing the Company’s ownership percentage from 49% to 60% in the Cambelltown, Surfers Paradise and Townsville Australia entities.. On July 1, 2014, the Company acquired 60% of the two other Hooters restaurants in Australia, in Penrith and Parramatta, as well as a 60% interest in the related Australian management company. These entities owned, operated and managed Australian Hooters restaurants and gaming operations. The purchase price was the assumption of $5 million in debt and the issuance of 250,000 five-year warrants at an exercise price to be determined at the next public offering or the end of twelve calendar months. The warrant prices were determined and set at $1.71 per share during 2015, at which time the value of the warrants was reclassified from derivative liabilities to stockholders equity as the conditions previously giving rise to liability treatment were eliminated at the time the strike price became fixed and determinable.. Also as part of the transaction, the Company receive the rights to 100% of all gaming revenue until the debt is repaid, and thereafter the Company will receive 60% of such revenue for the remainder of the lifetime of the gaming machines. (See Note 19 “Australia Administration Transactions and Asset Impairment”)

 

The fair value of the warrants issued was determined using the Black-Scholes model. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The expected stock price volatility for the Company’s warrants was determined by the historical volatilities for industry peers and used an average of those volatilities. The risk free interest rate was obtained from U.S. Treasury rates for the applicable periods. The contractual terms of the agreement does not provide for and the Company does not expect to declare dividends in the near future. The assumptions were as follows:

 

Acquisitions of Hooters Australia:

Assumptions:     
Risk-free interest rate   1.62%
Expected life   5 years 
Expected volatility   109.1%
Dividends   0%

 

The Burger Company

 

On September 9, 2014, the Company purchased 100% of the net assets of The Burger Company located in Charlotte, North Carolina, a similar concept to our ABC restaurants, for a purchase price of $550,000, which consisted of $250,000 in cash and $300,000 in the Company’s common stock.

 

In connection with each of the acquisitions described above, the Company determined the purchase price allocation in consideration of all identifiable intangibles. Based on our evaluation, there were no marketing related assets, customer related intangibles or contract based arrangements for which the purchase price would be required to be allocated. The value of acquired trademark/tradename was calculated using a relief of royalty method considering future franchise opportunities. With respect to customer related intangibles, the Company did not acquire any customer lists or enter into any customer contractual arrangements nor did the Company enter into any licensing or royalty arrangements requiring a further allocation of the purchase price.

 

The premium paid for the businesses represents the economic value that is not captured by other assets such as the reputation of the businesses, the value of its human capital, its future growth potential and its professional management. The acquisition of these businesses will help the Company expand its domestic operations and presence in the Better Burger categoryof the Fast Casual dining market.

 

 F-22 
 

 

Summary of 2014 and 2015 Acquisitions

 

The acquisitions were accounted for using the purchase method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805 “Business Combinations” and, accordingly, the condensed consolidated statements of operations include the results of these operations from the dates of acquisition. The assets acquired and the liabilities assumed were recorded at estimated fair values based on information currently available and based on certain assumptions as to future operations as follows:

 

   2015 Acquisitions 
   BGR:             
   The Burger Joint   BT’s Burger Joint   Little Big Burger   Total 
Consideration paid:                    
Common stock  $1,000,000   $1,000,848   $2,061,469   $4,062,317 
Cash   4,276,429    1,400,000    3,600,000    9,276,429 
Total consideration paid  $5,276,429   $2,400,848   $5,661,469   $13,338,746 
                     
Cash acquired   11,000    8,000    234,638    253,638 
Property and equipment   2,164,023    1,511,270    1,711,990    5,387,283 
Goodwill   663,037    978,350    2,938,279    4,579,666 
Trademark/trade name/franchise fee   2,750,000    -    1,550,000    4,300,000 
Inventory, deposits and other assets   296,104    103,451    73,780    473,334 
Amounts held in escrow to satisfy acquired liabilities   -    -    675,000    675,000 
Total assets acquired, less cash   5,884,164    2,601,071    7,183,686    15,668,921 
Liabilities assumed   (607,735)   (200,223)   (949,857)   (1,757,815)
Deferred tax liabilities   -    -    (572,360)   (572,360)
Total consideration paid  $5,276,429   $2,400,848   $5,661,469   $13,338,746 

 

   2014 Acquisitions 
   Hooters       Hooters Australia   The     
   Pacific NW   Spoon   April 1, 2014   July 1, 2014   Burger Co.   Total 
Consideration paid:                              
Common stock  $2,891,156   $828,750   $-   $-   $300,000   $4,019,906 
Warrants   978,000    280,400    -    123,333    -    1,381,733 
Assumption of debt   -    -    -    5,000,000    -    5,000,000 
Cash   -    -    100,000    -    250,000    350,000 
Total consideration paid   3,869,156    1,109,150    100,000    5,123,333    550,000    10,751,639 
                               
Cash acquired  $2,274   $21,636   $3,617   $-   $-   $27,527 
Current assets, excluding cash   112,078    89,817    377,296    47,777    9,926    636,894 
Property and equipment   2,731,031    391,462    2,934,307    1,603,557    284,795    7,945,152 
Goodwill   1,951,909    698,583    -    8,487,138    256,379    11,394,009 
Trademark/trade name/franchise fee   60,937    -    277,867    220,500    -    559,304 
Deposits and other assets   20,275    5,193    90,371    20,186    -    136,025 
Total assets acquired, less cash   4,878,504    1,206,691    3,683,458    10,379,158    551,100    20,698,911 
Liabilities assumed   (1,009,348)   (97,541)   (1,560,710)   (1,496,536)   (1,100)   (4,165,235)
Non-controlling interest   -    -    (993,999)   (3,759,289)   -    (4,753,288)
Chanticleer equity   -    -    (1,028,749)   -    -    (1,028,749)
Total consideration paid  $3,869,156   $1,109,150   $100,000   $5,123,333   $550,000   $10,751,639 

 

Unaudited pro forma results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 as if the Company had acquired majority ownership of the operation on January 1 of each year is as follows. The pro forma results include estimates and assumptions which management believes are reasonable. However, pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of the results that would have occurred if the business combination had been in effect on the dates indicated, or which may result in the future.

 

 F-23 
 

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2015   2014 
         
Total revenues  $51,194,287   $53,738,800 
Loss from continuing operations   (16,039,046)   (5,147,010)
Gain (loss) frorm discontinued operations   53,350    (920,960)
Loss attributable to non-controlling interest   2,319,117    263,307 
Net loss  $(13,666,579)  $(5,804,663)
Net loss per share, basic and diluted  $(0.96)  $(0.92)
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted   14,245,437    6,332,843 

 

The following table includes information from the Company’s 2015 acquisitions, the results of which are included in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the year ended December 31, 2015:

 

   2015 Acquisitions 
   BGR: The Burger Joint   BT’s Burger Joint   Little Big Burger   Total 
                 
Revenues  $7,028,700   $1,845,400   $1,346,400   $10,220,500 
Cost of sales   2,254,100    550,600    483,100    3,287,800 
Other expenses   4,994,400    1,136,600    648,700    6,779,700 
Operating income (loss)  $(219,800)  $158,200   $214,600   $153,000 

 

The following table includes information from the Company’s 2014 acquisitions, the results of which are included in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the year ended December 31, 2014:

 

   2014 Acquisitions 
   Hooters Pacific NW   Spoon   Hooters Australia   The Burger Co.   Total 
                     
Revenues  $4,382,492   $1,207,688   $5,613,381   $81,539   $11,285,100 
                          
Cost of sales   1,239,726    529,974    1,564,198    33,305    3,367,203 
Other expenses   3,340,963    915,661    4,330,224    30,847    8,617,695 
                          
Operating income (loss)  $(198,197)  $(237,947)  $(281,041)  $17,387   $(699,798)

 

Income from operations of unconsolidated affiliates

 

On April 1, 2014, the Company increased its ownership in the Australian Hooters entities, Hoot Campbelltown Pty. Ltd., Hoot Surfers Paradise Pty. Ltd. and Hoot Townsville Pty. Ltd., from 49% to 60%. On July 1, 2014, we purchased 60% of Hoot Parramatta Pty Ltd, Hoot Australia Pty Ltd, Hoot Penrith Pty Ltd, and TMIX Management Australia Pty Ltd.

 

 F-24 
 

 

Prior to April 1, 2014, the Company accounted for its 49% ownership using the equity method of accounting and our share of earnings and losses was recorded in equity in losses from investments in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.

 

4. INVESTMENTS

 

Investments at fair value consist of the following at December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

       Unrecognized       Realized   Gain 
       Holding   Fair   Holding   on 
   Cost   Gains (Losses)   Value   Loss   Sale 
December 31, 2015                         
Appalachian Mountain Brewery  $1,500   $16,046   $17,546   $-   $- 
KSIX Media Holdings, Inc.   261,831    (248,055)   13,776    -    - 
   $263,331   $(232,009)  $31,322   $-   $- 
                          
December 31, 2014                         
Appalachian Mountain Brewery  $1,500   $23,300   $24,800   $-   $46,292 
KSIX Media Holdings, Inc.   261,831    (251,269)   10,562    -    - 
   $263,331   $(227,969)  $35,362   $-   $46,292 

  

   2015   2014 
         
Available-for-sale investments at fair value  $31,322   $35,362 
Total  $31,322   $35,362 

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

Activity in our available-for-sale securities may be summarized as follows:

 

   2015   2014 
         
Cost  $263,331   $263,331 
Unrealized loss   (232,009)   (227,969)
Total  $31,322   $35,362 

 

Our available-for-sale securities consist of the following:

 

Appalachian Mountain Brewery (“AMB”), formerly North Carolina Natural Energy, Inc. (“NCNE”) – AMB is a successor to NCNE and its common stock is currently traded on the OTC market under the ticker HOPS. AMB began trading under this symbol on January 7, 2014; previously it was traded under ticker NCNE on the OTC stock market. As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company held 6,200 shares of AMB with a closing price of $2.83 and $4.01 per share. AMB makes craft beer with plans to expand its distribution network. AMB expects to have a food service line in addition to its beer products. NCNE was a successor to Remodel Auction Incorporated whose business was discontinued. The Company originally received 100,000,000 shares of NCNE (less than 1% on a fully diluted basis) for management services during 2011, valued at $1,500.

 

 F-25 
 

 

We recognized a realized gain of $46,492 in 2014 in connection with the sale of a portion of our investment in Appalachian Mountain Brewery.

 

KSIX Media Holdings, Inc. (“KSIX”), formerly North American Energy Resources, Inc. - During the quarter ended June 30, 2009, the Company exchanged its oil & gas property investments for 700,000 shares of North American Energy Resources, Inc. (“NAEY”) which were valued at $126,000 based on the closing price of NAEY on the OTC market on the date of the trade. NAEY is currently traded on the OTC market under the symbol NAEYD. During the first quarter of 2010, the Company received an additional 150,000 shares of NAEY in exchange for management services. The shares were initially valued at $10,500, based on the trading price at the time. During June 2011, the Company’s CEO contributed 1,790,440 shares of NAEY to the Company which was valued at $125,331 based on the trading price at the time. Mr. Pruitt did not receive additional compensation as a result of the transfer.

 

During 2015, NAEY authorized and approved a reverse stock split of one for twenty-three (1:23) of the Corporation’s total issued and outstanding shares of common stock and subsequently entered into a merger agreement to acquire KSIX. Later in 2015, NAEY changed its name to KSIX and its shares are currently traded on the OTC market under the symbol KSIX. KSIX shares have traded on the OTC market at prices ranging from $0.05 to $0.75 per share over the past 52 weeks.

 

At December 31, 2015 and 2014 shares of KSIX closed at $0.12 and $0.09 per share, respectively, and the Company recognized an unrealized loss of $248,055 as of December 31, 2015 and $251,269 as of December 31, 2014.

 

Investments accounted for using the cost method

 

Investments at cost consist of the following at December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   2015   2014 
         
Chanticleer Investors, LLC  $800,000   $800,000 
Beacher’s Madhouse   -    500,000 
Edison Nation LLC (FKA Bouncing Brain Productions)   250,000    250,000 
   $1,050,000   $1,550,000 

 

A summary of the activity in investments accounted for using the cost method follows.

 

   2015   2014 
         
Investments at cost:          
Balance, beginning of year  $1,550,000   $1,550,000 
Impairment   -    - 
New investments   -    - 
Sales   (500,000)   - 
Total  $1,050,000   $1,550,000 

 

Chanticleer Investors LLC - On January 24, 2011, Investors LLC and its three partners combined to form HOA Holdings, LLC (“HOA LLC”) and completed the acquisition of HOA and Texas Wings, Inc. (“TW”). Together HOA LLC has created an operating company with 161 company-owned locations across sixteen states, or nearly half of all domestic Hooters restaurants and over one-third of the locations worldwide.

 

Investors, LLC had a note receivable in the amount of $5,000,000 from HOA that was repaid at closing. Investors LLC then invested $3,550,000 in HOA LLC (approximately 3.1%) ($500,000 of which was the Company’s share). One of the investors in Investors LLC that owned a $1,750,000 share is a direct investor in HOA LLC and will now carry its ownership in HOA LLC directly. In July 2012, the Company acquired an additional interest of $300,000, at cost, from one of the partners for cash, which increased our ownership to approximately 22% of Investors LLC as of December 31, 2013.

 

 F-26 
 

 

In November 2015, the Company received a cash distribution totaling $543,130 on its 3% equity interest in HOA LLC, of which $324,054 is reflected in management fee income and $219,076 is reflected in other income in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. In August 2014, the Company received a cash distribution totaling $830,421 on its 3% equity interest in HOA LLC, of which $392,842 is reflected in management fee income and $437,579 is reflected in other income in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

Based on the current status of this investment, the Company does not consider the investment to be impaired.

 

Beacher’s Madhouse – The Company acquired a 5% minority interest for $500,000 in Beacher’s, a variety show and nightclub experience. Beacher’s opened in late 2013 at an 8,500 square-foot performance theater located in the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino located on the strip in Las Vegas. The Company sold this investment in 2015 for cash proceeds of $330,361, and recognized a realized loss of $169,639.

 

EE Investors, LLC - On January 26, 2006, we acquired an investment in EE Investors, LLC with cash in the amount of $250,000. We acquired 1,205 units (3.378%) in EE Investors, LLC, whose sole asset is 40% of Edison Nation, LLC (formerly Bouncing Brain Productions, LLC). Edison Nation was formed to provide equity capital for new inventions and help bring them to market. The initial business plan included developing the products and working with manufacturers and marketing organizations to sell the products. This has evolved into a less hands-on program, which involves selling products with patents to other larger companies and retaining royalties. Edison Nation has now reached cash flow break-even, and in addition has been retained by a number of companies for which they do product searches to supplement its business. Based on the current status of this investment, the Company does not consider the investment to be impaired.

 

Investments accounted for using the equity method

 

Effective April 1, 2014, the Company increased its ownership stake in Hooters restaurant in Campbelltown, Australia from 49% to 60%. In addition, the Company increased its ownership stake to 60% in the two new stores recently completed or under construction in Surfers Paradise (which opened on July 4, 2014), Australia and Townsville, Australia, which we expect to open in 2015. Prior to April 1, 2014, the Company accounted for its 49% ownership using the equity method of accounting. Subsequent to April 1, 2014, the accounts of the Australia entities are consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Also on July 1, 2014, the Company acquired 60% of the two other Hooters restaurants in Australia, in Penrith and Parramatta, suburbs of Sydney, as well as 60% interest in the related Australian management company. These entities own, operate, and manage Australian Hooters restaurants and gaming operations. The purchase price was the assumption of $5 million in debt. Also as part of the transaction, the Company will receive 100% of all gaming revenue until the debt is repaid, and thereafter the Company will receive 60% of such revenue for the remainder of the lifetime of the gaming machines. (See Note 19 “Australia Administration Transactions and Asset Impairment”).

 

Activity in investments accounted for using the equity method is summarized as follows:

 

   2014 
     
Balance, beginning of year  $941,963 
Equity in loss   (40,694)
New investments   100,000 
Reclassification of investments   (1,001,269)
Balance, end of year  $- 

 

 F-27 
 

 

5. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

On December 31, 2014, management concluded it was in the best interest of the Company to exit the acquired Spoon restaurant in Dallas, Texas. The Company executed an agreement to sell the assets of Spoon Bar & Kitchen back to the original owner. In connection with this transaction, the Company reacquired 185,000 Stock Units that had been issued at acquisition in exchange for the asset transferred pursuant to the Asset Purchase Agreement. The stock was valued at $446,050 and the net assets were valued at $1,109,062, resulting in a loss of $683,012.

 

The results of operations and related non-recurring costs associated with Spoon have been presented as discontinued operations. Additionally, the assets and liabilities of the discontinued operations have been segregated in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

The operating results from the discontinued operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 consisted of the following:

 

   2015   2014 
         
Total revenue  $-   $1,207,688 
           
Total operating income (expenses)   53,350   (1,445,636)
           
Non-cash charge on disposal of Spoon   -    (683,012)
           
Net gain (loss) from discontinued operations  $53,350  $(920,960)

 

As of December 31, 2015 and 2014, liabilities from discontinued operations totaled $124,043 and $177,393, respectively. The Company is continuing to monitor vendor and other claims related to resolution of the discontinued operations. The Company did not retain any assets or ongoing operating activities related to the discontinued operation.

 

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consists of the following at December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Leasehold improvements  $11,988,993   $9,940,517 
Restaurant furniture and equipment   10,622,806    7,827,925 
Construction in progress   -    727,934 
Office and computer equipment   10,643    51,746 
Land and buildings   708,020    437,223 
Office furniture and fixtures   104,450    60,302 
    23,434,912    19,045,647 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization   (6,793,680)   (5,730,238)
   $16,641,232   $13,315,409 

 

 F-28 
 

 

Restaurant furnishings and equipment includes assets under capital leases from our South African restaurants $196,100 and $179,320, net book value of $53,497 and $59,261 as of December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense $53,424 and $74,204 for capital lease assets for the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET

 

GOODWILL

 

Goodwill is summarized by location as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
American Burger Company  $2,806,990   $2,806,990 
BGR: The Burger Joint   663,037    - 
Little Big Burger   2,938,279    - 
BT’s Burger Joint   978,350    - 
Just Fresh   425,151    425,151 
Hooters South Africa   206,503    273,737 
Hooters Australia   -    7,291,329 
West End Wings UK   2,733,001    2,868,192 
Hooters Pacific NW   1,950,828    1,951,909 
Total  $12,702,139   $15,617,308 

 

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are summarized as follows:

 

   Years Ended 
   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Beginning Balance  $15,617,308   $6,496,756 
Acquisitions   4,579,666    11,394,009 
Divestures   -    (698,583)
Impairment   (6,803,537)   - 
Adjustments   (1,081)   (169,000)
Foreign currency translation (loss) gain   (690,217)   (1,405,874)
Ending Balance  $12,702,139   $15,617,308 

 

An evaluation was completed effective December 31, 2015 at which time the Company determined that no impairment (other than impairment related to the Australia operations which was reflected as of September 30, 2015 and discussed further in Note 19. Australia Administration Transactions And Asset Impairment) was necessary for any of the Company’s goodwill balances.

 

OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Franchise and trademark/tradename intangible assets consist of the following at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

 

 F-29 
 

 

Intangible assets  Estimated
Useful
Life
  December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
Trademark, Tradenames:             
Just Fresh  10 years  $1,010,000   $1,010,000 
American Roadside Burger  10 years   1,786,930    1,783,954 
BGR: The Burger Joint  Indefinite   1,430,000    - 
Little Big Burger  Indefinite   1,550,000    - 
       5,776,930    2,793,954 
Franchise fees:             
South Africa  20 years   286,732    290,986 
Europe  20 years   57,566    106,506 
Australia  20 years   353,775    383,529 
Hooters Pacific NW  20 years   90,000    90,000 
BGR: The Burger Joint  Indefinite   1,320,000    - 
Chanticleer Holdings *  20 years   135,000    135,000 
       2,243,073    1,006,021 
Total Intangibles at cost      8,020,003    3,799,975 
Accumulated amortization      (737,928)   (403,472)
Intangible assets, net     $7,282,074   $3,396,503 

 

* Amortization of the Chanticleer Holdings franchise cost (related to Brazil franchise rights) will begin with the opening of a restaurant pursuant to that franchise right.

 

Amortization for franchise costs and trade name/trademarks are as follows:

 

   Franchise fees   Trademark / Tradenames   Total 
December 31,               
2016  $61,590   $279,693   $341,283 
2017   61,590    279,693    341,283 
2018   61,590    279,693    341,283 
2019   61,590    279,693    341,283 
2020   61,590    279,693    341,283 
Thereafter   307,195    968,464    1,275,659 
Total  $615,145   $2,366,929   $2,982,074 

 

 F-30 
 

 

8. LONG-TERM DEBT AND NOTES PAYABLE

 

Long-term debt and notes payable are summarized as follows.

 

      December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
            
Note Payable, due January 2017, net of discount of $171,868 and $343,733, respectively  (a)  $4,828,132   $4,656,267 
              
Note Payable, due June 2019  (b)   -    500,000 
              
Note Payable, due January 2017  (c)   942,918    - 
              
Note Payable, due October 2018  (d)   132,596    176,731 
              
Mortgage Note, South Africa, due July 2024  (e)   208,131    294,362 
              
Bank overdraft facilities, South Africa, annual renewal  (f)   180,377    151,868 
              
Equipment financing arrangements, South Africa  (g)   189,489    343,702 
              
Bank line of Credit, expired in 2015  (h)   -    500,000 
              
Loans, paid in full in 2015  (i)   -    200,000 
              
Total long-term debt     $6,481,643   $6,822,930 
Current portion of long-term debt      5,383,002    1,813,647 
Long-term debt, less current portion     $1,098,641   $5,009,283 

 

(a) On July 1, 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of a sixty percent (60%) ownership interest in Hoot Parramatta Pty Ltd, Hoot Australia Pty Ltd, Hoot Penrith Pty Ltd, and TMIX Management Australia Pty Ltd (collectively, the “Australian Entities”) in exchange for the assumption of a five million dollar ($5,000,000) note bearing interest at 12% annually and issuing two hundred fifty thousand (250,000) warrants to purchase shares of our common stock.

 

(b) During February 2014, the Company entered into a $500,000 note with Paragon Commercial Bank (“Paragon”) due June 10, 2019. The note bears interest at a 5.0% annual rate, with principal and interest payable monthly. This note was paid in full in 2015 using proceeds from a new note with Paragon (refer to item (c) below).

 

(c) and (h) On April 11, 2013, the Company and entered into a credit agreement with Paragon which provided for a $500,000 revolving credit facility. The original credit agreement (h) expired on May 10, 2015 and was subsequently converted to a new$1 million term note (c) payable in monthly installments of $8,500 with a $399,078 balloon payment due at maturity, bearing interest at 5.0%; collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s assets and guaranteed by an officer of the Company.

 

(d) Note with Paragon, due on October 10, 2018, bearing interest at a 5% annual rate, with principal and interest monthly payments of $11,532. Borrowings under the Note Payable are secured by a lien on all of the Company’s assets. Obligations under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by an officer of the Company.

 

(e) In April 2014, our South African subsidiary entered into a mortgage note with a South African bank for the purchase of the building in Port Elizabeth for our Hooters location. The 10-year note is for $330,220 with an annual interest rate of 2.6% above the South African prime rate (prime currently 9.25%). Monthly principal and interest payments of approximately $4,600 commenced in August, 2014. The mortgage note is personally guaranteed by our CEO and South African COO and secured by the assets of the Port Elizabeth building.

 

(f) The Company’s South African subsidiary has local bank financing in the form of term and overdraft facilities, which are payable on demand and renew annually.

 

 F-31 
 

 

(g) The Company’s South African subsidiary has three local equipment financing arrangements in the form of term loans. These arrangements call for 1) monthly payments of 45 thousand Rand, including interest at South African Prime +1.0%, maturing on June 14, 2016, 2) monthly payments of 44 thousand Rand, including interest South African Prime +3.0%, maturing on November 15, 2019 and 3) monthly payments of 34 thousand Rand, including interest at South African Prime + 3.0% maturing on December 1, 2018.

 

(i) On December 23, 2013, the Company entered into a loan agreement with an outside company for $150,000. During 2014, made payments totaling $50,000 and repaid the loan in full during 2015. On June 20, 2014, the Company entered into a loan agreement with an outside company for $100,000. During 2015, the Company issued 100,000 shares of its common stock to repay the loan, accrued interest and penalties in full. The Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $45,000 representing the difference between the fair value of the shares issued and the carrying value of the outstanding debt and accrued interest.

 

9. cONVERTIBLE NOTEs PAYABLE

 

      December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
            
6% Convertible notes payable issued in August 2013  (a)  $3,000,000   $3,000,000 
Discounts on above convertible note      (583,341)   (1,583,333)
15% Convertible notes payable issued in March 2014  (b)   -    500,000 
Discounts on above convertible note      -    (63,730)
8% Convertible notes payable issued in Nov/Dec 2014  (c)   100,000    350,000 
Discounts on above convertible note      -    (289,254)
8% Convertible notes payable issued in January 2015  (d)   150,000    - 
Discounts on above convertible note      (93,231)   - 
8% Convertible notes payable issued in January 2015  (e)   475,000    - 
Discounts on above convertible note      (238,152)   - 
       2,810,276    1,913,683 
Current portion of convertible notes payable      (2,810,276)   (436,270)
Convertible notes payable, less current portion     $-   $1,477,413 

 

(a) On August 2, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with seven individual accredited investors, whereby the Company issued separate 6% Secured Subordinate Convertible Notes for a total of $3,000,000 in a private offering and is collateralized by the assets of the Hooters Nottingham restaurant. The funding from the private offering was used exclusively for the acquisition of the Nottingham, England Hooters restaurant location. The Notes have the following principal terms:

 

  the principal amount of the Note shall be repaid within 36 months of the issuance date at a non-compounded 6% interest rate per annum;
     
  the Note holders shall receive 10%, pro rata, of the net profit of the Nottingham, England Hooters restaurant, paid quarterly for the life of the location, and 10% of the net proceeds should the location be sold;
     
  the consortium of investors received a total of 300,000 three-year warrants, exercisable at $3.00 per share;

 

 F-32 
 

 

  the Note holder may convert his or her Note into shares of the Company’s common stock (at 90% of the average closing price ten days prior to conversion, unless a public offering is pending at the time of the conversion notice, which would result in the conversion price being the same price as the offering). The conversion price is subject to a floor of $1.00 per share;
     
  the Note holder has the right to redeem the Note for a period of sixty days following the eighteen-month anniversary of the issuance of the Note, unless a capital raise is conducted within eighteen months after the issuance of the Note. In connection with the issuance of the Note, the Company also issued warrants for the purchase of 300,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $3.00 per share through August 2, 2016.

 

The fair value of the embedded conversion feature and the warrants was $2,265,600 and $884,600, respectively, for an aggregate total of $3,150,200, which exceeded the face value of the note. Consequently, upon issuance of the Note, a debt discount of $3,000,000 was recorded and $150,200, representing the fair value of the conversion feature and the warrants in excess of the debt discount, was immediately charged to interest expense. The debt discount is being amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the debt or (ii) conversion of the debt, using the straight-line method which approximates the interest method. The amortization of debt discount is included as a component of interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

The conversion price of the note is the 90% average price for the last 10 days of trading activity. As of the inception date of the note the shares issuable under the terms of the note were 804,764 shares or an effective conversion price of approximately $3.73 per share. The fair value of the shares as of August 2, 2013 using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was approximately $2.82 per share. The expected stock price volatility for the Company’s stock options was determined by the historical volatilities of comparable companies. Risk free interest rates were obtained from U.S. Treasury rates for the applicable periods.

 

(b) In March 2014, the Company entered into an agreement whereby the Company issued a convertible promissory note for a total of $500,000. The note accrued monthly interest of 1.25% until the date the note was converted. In connection with the issuance of the March 2014 convertible promissory note, the Company also issued to the investors warrants to purchase up to 30% of the number of shares of common stock issued upon conversion of the 2014 note, exercisable at $5.25 per share for a period of up to 5 years from the note’s original issuance date. In January 2015, the holder converted the $500,000 of principal plus accrued interest into 373,333 shares of the Company’s common stock. In connection with the conversion, the Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of convertible debt, related accrued interest, penalties and derivative liabilities totaling $36,374.

 

(c) During November and December 2014, the Company entered into agreements whereby the Company issued 3-year convertible notes in the amounts of $250,000 and $100,000, respectively. The notes accrue annualized interest of 8% until the date the notes are converted. The note is convertible into the Company’s common stock (at 85% of lowest three (3) trading prices for the common stock during the ten (10) trading day period ending on the last complete Trading Day prior to the Conversion Date. The Company also issued 5 year warrants of 62,500 and 25,000, respectively, with an exercise price of $2.50 per share. In March 2015, the debt holder converted $250,000 principal plus accrued interest into 168,713 shares of the Company’s common stock. In connection with the conversion, the Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of convertible debt, related accrued interest, penalties and derivative liabilities totaling $88,724.

 

(d) In January 2015, the Company issued a convertible promissory note for a total of $150,000. The note accrues interest at 8% per annum until the date the notes are converted. The notes are convertible into the Company’s common stock at 85% of the average of the lowest three closing trading prices over ten days prior the conversion date. The conversion price is subject to a floor of $1.00 per share and a ceiling of $2.00. If not converted, the note matures three years from the issuance date. The Company also issued warrants to purchase 37,500 shares of common stock, exercisable at $2.50 per share for a period of up to 5 years from the note’s original issuance date. The fair value of the embedded conversion feature and the warrants is $108,600 and $30,314, respectively. The resulting debt discount is being amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the debt or (ii) conversion of the debt, using the straight-line method which approximates the interest method. The amortization of debt discount is included as a component of interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The embedded conversion feature is accounted for as a derivative liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet, with its carrying value marked to market at each balance sheet date.

 

 F-33 
 

 

(e) In January 2015, the Company issued convertible promissory notes for $1,000,000. The notes accrue interest at 8% per annum until the date the notes are converted. The notes are convertible into the Company’s common stock at 85% of the average of the lowest three closing trading prices over ten days prior the conversion date. The conversion price is subject to a floor of $1.00 per share and a ceiling of $2.00. If not converted, the notes mature three years from the issuance date. The holder could demand payment in full after one year from the issuance date. The Company also issued warrants to purchase 250,000 shares of common stock, exercisable at $2.50 per share for a period of up to 5 years from the note’s original issuance date. The fair value of the embedded conversion feature and the warrants is $670,300 and $202,358, respectively. The resulting debt discount is being amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the debt or (ii) conversion of the debt, using the straight-line method which approximates the interest method. The amortization of debt discount is included as a component of interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The embedded conversion feature is accounted for as a derivative liability in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet, with its carrying value marked to market at each balance sheet date. $525,000 of the $1,000,000 note has been converted into common stock during 2015. In connection with the conversions, the Company recognized a loss on extinguishment of convertible debt, related accrued interest, penalties and derivative liabilities totaling $145,833 during 2015.

 

In addition, in March 2015, the Company issued a convertible promissory note for $1,000,000, which was subsequently converted to common stock in June 2015. The note accrued interest at 9% per annum until the date the note was converted. The note was convertible into the Company’s common stock at $2.00 per share. If not converted, the note matured two years from the issuance date. The Company also issued warrants to purchase 320,000 shares of common stock, exercisable at $2.50 per share for a period of up to 5 years from the note’s original issuance date. The fair value of the embedded conversion feature and the warrants on the date of issuance was $455,008 and $315,008, respectively. The resulting debt discount was being amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the debt or (ii) conversion of the debt, using the straight-line method which approximates the interest method. The amortization of debt discount is included as a component of interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The embedded conversion feature is accounted for as a component of additional paid-in capital in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. During June 2015, this $1,000,000 million note was converted into 500,000 shares of common stock at the $2.00 per share contractual conversion price. On the date of conversion, $643,371 of unamortized debt discount was accelerated and recognized as interest expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

The Company accounted for the issuance of the convertible promissory notes and the warrants attached to the notes in accordance with ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”. Accordingly, the warrants and the embedded conversion option of certain convertible notes are recorded as derivative liabilities at their fair market value and are marked to market through earnings at the end of each reporting period. The debt discount is charged back to interest expense ratably over the term of the convertible note. The convertible notes were classified as current liabilities on the accompanying consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015 due to certain technical defaults pursuant to the Convertible note agreements.

 

 F-34 
 

 

The fair value of the embedded conversion feature and the warrants were estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The expected stock price volatility was determined by the historical volatilities for industry peers and used an average of those volatilities. The risk free interest rate was obtained from U.S. Treasury rates for the applicable periods. The contractual terms of the agreement does not provide for and the Company does not expect to declare dividends in the near future. Key assumptions used to apply this pricing model as of the date of issuance, December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2015 are presented in the table below:

 

   6% Note Issued on   15% Note Issued on   8% Note Issued on   8% Note Issued on   8% Notes Issued on   8% Notes Issued on 
   August 2, 2013   March 19, 2014   November 19, 2014   December 16, 2014   January 5, 2015   January 5, 2015 
Common stock closing price  $4.15   $3.87   $1.70   $1.53   $1.75   $1.75 
Conversion per share price  $3.73   $3.29   $1.45   $1.30   $1.33   $1.33 
Conversion shares   804,764    151,999    172,672    77,061    112,402    749,344 
Expected life (in years)   3.0    1.0    3.0    3.0    3.0    3.0 
Expected volatility   110%   62%   74%   74%   73%   73%
Call option value  $2.82   $1.19   $0.90   $0.81   $0.97   $0.97 
Risk-free interest rate   0.59%   0.15%   1.10%   1.10%   0.90%   0.90%
Dividends   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%

 

   December 31, 2014   December 31, 2014   December 31, 2014   December 31, 2014   December 31, 2014  December 31, 2014
Common stock closing price  $1.73   $1.73   $1.73   $1.73   NA  NA
Conversion per share price  $1.49   $1.47   $1.26   $1.26   NA  NA
Conversion shares   2,008,032    340,020    199,177    77,061   NA  NA
Expected life (in years)   1.6    0.2    2.9    3.0   NA  NA
Expected volatility   64%   66%   74%   74%  NA  NA
Call option value  $0.64   $0.35   $0.77   $0.78   NA  NA
Risk-free interest rate   0.67%   0.40%   1.10%   1.10%  NA  NA
Dividends   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%  NA  NA

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2015  December 31, 2015  December 31, 2015   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2015 
Common stock closing price  $1.00   NA  NA  $1.00   $1.00   $1.00 
Conversion per share price  $1.00   NA  NA  $0.76   $1.00   $1.00 
Conversion shares   3,000,000   NA  NA   132,188    150,000    475,000 
Expected life (in years)   0.6   NA  NA   2.0    2.0    2.0 
Expected volatility   85%  NA  NA   75%   75%   75%
Call option value  $0.26   NA  NA  $0.49   $0.41   $0.41 
Risk-free interest rate   0.65%  NA  NA   0.98%   0.98%   0.98%
Dividends   0.00%  NA  NA   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%

 

10. Capital Leases Payable

 

Capital leases payable at December 31, 2015 and 2014 is associated with the South African operations and consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
         
Capital lease payable, bearing interest at 10%, through August 2017  $5,231   $10,502 
           
Capital lease payable, bearing interest at 11.5%, through December 2017   26,869    - 
           
Capital lease payable, bearing interest at 11.5%, through July 2016   7,786    26,489 
           
Capital lease payable, bearing interest at 11.5%, through November 2016   15,386    40,336 
           
Capital lease payable, bearing interest at 10%, through March 2015   -    1,333 
Total capital leases payable   55,272    78,660 
Current maturities   39,303    42,032 
Capital leases payable, less current maturities  $15,969   $36,628 

 

 F-35 
 

 

The current capital leases cover point of sale and other equipment for five of the South African restaurants. Annual requirements for capital lease obligations are as follows:

 

December 31,  Amount 
2016  $43,385 
2017   17,508 
Total minimum lease payments   60,893 
Less: amount representing interest   5,621 
Present Value of Net Minimum Lease Payments  $55,272 

 

11. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED Expenses

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses are summarized as follows:

 

   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014 
         
Accounts payable  $4,086,566   $3,382,818 
Accrued taxes (VAT, GST, Sales, Payroll)   1,010,584    1,604,829 
Accrued income taxes   27,709    92,618 
Accrued interest   380,406    499,866 
   $5,505,265   $5,580,131 

 

12. INCOME TAXES

 

The breakout of the loss from continuing operations before income taxes between domestic and foreign operations is below:

 

   2015   2014 
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes          
United States  $12,702,520   $5,442,499 
Foreign   1,618,905    759,875 
   $14,321,425   $6,202,374 

 

The Income Tax (benefit) provision consists of the following:

 

Foreign          
Current  $93,037   $55,486 
Deferred   103,461    (267,960)
U.S. Federal          
Current   -    318 
Deferred   (4,502,404)   (1,266,980)
State & Local          
Current   -    - 
Deferred   (529,695)   (149,056)
Change in Valuation Allowance   5,023,169    1,151,691 
   $187,568   $(476,501)

 

 F-36 
 

 

The (benefit) provision for income tax using statutory U.S. federal tax rate is reconciled to the company’s effective tax rate as follows:

 

   2015   2014 
Computed “expected” income tax benefit  $(4,869,285)  $(2,093,584)
State income taxes, net of federal benefit   (572,857)   (205,177)
Foreign rate differential   143,646    45,883 
Australia loss   (1,821,463)   - 
Prior year true-ups other deferred tax balances   323,485    106,236 
Travel, entertainment, and other   82,956    91,045 
Capital loss expiration   333,837    - 
Convertible Debt Issuances and conversions   482,018    - 
Foreign Tax Expense   93,037    - 
Fixed asset DTL true-up   27,384    305,796 
Noncontrolling interest   881,264    - 
Other   60,376    121,609 
Change in valuation allowance   5,023,169    1,151,691 
Total  $187,568   $(476,501)

 

The Company has significant permanent book tax differences related to derivative liabilities with a convertible debt feature.

 

Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting and the amounts used for tax purposes. Major components of deferred tax assets at December 31, 2015 and 2014 were:

 

   2015   2014 
Net operating loss carryovers  $11,846,236   $6,773,713 
Capital loss carryforwards   154,700    488,500 
Section 1231 loss carryovers   15,080    - 
Charitable contribution carryforwards   16,815    - 
Derivative liability   468,011    372,931 
Unremitted foreign earnings   190,552    - 
Restaurant startup costs   137,893    - 
Accrued Expenses   36,182    - 
Australian equity investment   -    (26,417)
Deferred occupancy liabilities