10-K 1 form10k.htm  
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013
or
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-30205

CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DELAWARE
36-4324765
(State of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

870 NORTH COMMONS DRIVE
60504
AURORA, ILLINOIS
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (630) 375-6631

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.       Yes [ X ]    No [  ]

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes [  ]    No [ X ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes [ X ]    No [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes [ X ]    No [  ]

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [    ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer
[ X ]
Accelerated filer
[  ]
Non-accelerated filer
[  ]
Smaller reporting company
[  ]
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes [  ]    No [ X ]

The aggregate market value of the registrant's Common Stock held beneficially or of record by stockholders who are not affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing price of the Common Stock on March 31, 2013, as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market, was approximately $787,314,700.  For the purposes hereof, "affiliates" include all executive officers and directors of the registrant.

As of October 31, 2013, the Company had 23,584,873 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on March 4, 2014, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent stated herein.

This Form 10-K includes statements that constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of federal securities regulations.  For more detail regarding "forward-looking statements" see Item 7 of Part II of this Form 10-K.
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CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

PART I.
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
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Item 1A.
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Item 1B.
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Item 2.
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Item 3.
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22
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
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Item 6.
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Item 7.
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Item 7A.
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Item 8.
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Item 9.
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Item 9A.
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Item 9B.
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PART III.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
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Item 11.
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Item 12.
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Item 13.
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Item 14.
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PART IV.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
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85

 

 
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ITEM 1.  BUSINESS

OUR COMPANY

Cabot Microelectronics Corporation ("Cabot Microelectronics'', "the Company'', "us'', "we'', or "our''), which was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1999, is the leading supplier of high-performance polishing slurries and a growing polishing pad supplier used in the manufacture of advanced integrated circuit (IC) devices within the semiconductor industry, in a process called chemical mechanical planarization (CMP).  CMP is a polishing process used by IC device manufacturers to planarize or flatten many of the multiple layers of material that are deposited upon silicon wafers in the production of advanced ICs.  Our products play a critical role in the production of advanced IC devices, thereby enabling our customers to produce smaller, faster and more complex IC devices with fewer defects.  Our mission is to create value by developing reliable and innovative solutions, through close customer collaboration, that solve today's challenges and help enable tomorrow's technology.

We currently operate predominantly in one industry segment – the development, manufacture and sale of CMP consumables products.  We develop, produce and sell CMP slurries for polishing many of the conducting and insulating materials used in IC devices, and also for polishing the disk substrates and magnetic heads used in hard disk drives.  We also develop, manufacture and sell CMP polishing pads, which are used in conjunction with slurries in the CMP process.  We also pursue other demanding surface modification applications through our Engineered Surface Finishes (ESF) business where we believe we can leverage our expertise in CMP consumables for the semiconductor industry to develop products for demanding polishing applications in other industries.


CMP PROCESS WITHIN IC DEVICE MANUFACTURING

IC devices, or "chips", are components in a wide range of electronic systems for computing, communications, manufacturing and transportation.  Individual consumers most frequently encounter IC devices as microprocessors, application processors and memory chips in their desktop or laptop computers, mobile internet devices (MIDs) such as smart phones and tablets, and in MP3 players, gaming devices, cell phones and digital cameras.  The multi-step manufacturing process for IC devices typically begins with a circular wafer of pure silicon, with the first manufacturing step referred to as a "wafer start".  A large number of identical IC devices, or dies, are manufactured on each wafer at the same time.  The initial steps in the manufacturing process build transistors and other electronic components on the silicon wafer.  These are isolated from each other using a layer of insulating material, most often silicon dioxide, to prevent electrical signals from bridging from one transistor to another.  These components are then wired together using conducting materials such as aluminum or copper in a particular sequence to produce a functional IC device with specific characteristics.  When the conducting wiring on one layer of the IC device is completed, another layer of insulating material is added.  The process of alternating insulating and conducting layers is repeated until the desired wiring within the IC device is achieved.  At the end of the process, the wafer is cut into the individual dies, which are then packaged to form individual chips.

Demand for CMP consumable products, including slurries and pads, used in the production of IC devices is primarily based on the number of wafer starts by semiconductor manufacturers and the type and complexity of the IC devices they produce.  To enhance the performance of IC devices, IC device manufacturers have progressively increased the number and density of electronic components and wiring layers in each IC device.  This is typically done in conjunction with shrinking the key dimensions on an IC device from one technology generation, or "node", to another.  As a result, the number of transistors, wires and the number of discrete wiring layers have increased, increasing the complexity of the IC device and the related demand for CMP consumable products.  As semiconductor technology has advanced and performance requirements of IC devices have increased, the percentage of IC devices that utilize CMP in the manufacturing process has increased steadily over time.  We believe that CMP is used in the majority of all IC devices made today, and we expect that the use of CMP will continue to increase in the future.

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In the CMP polishing process, CMP consumables are used to remove excess material that is deposited during the IC manufacturing process, and to level and smooth the surfaces of the layers of IC devices, via a combination of chemical reactions and mechanical abrasion, leaving minimal residue and defects on the surface, with only the material necessary for circuit integrity remaining.  CMP slurries are liquid solutions generally composed of high-purity deionized water and a proprietary mix of chemical additives and engineered abrasives that chemically and mechanically interact at an atomic level with the surface material of the IC device.  CMP pads are engineered polymeric materials designed to distribute and transport the slurry to the surface of the wafer and distribute it evenly across the wafer.  Grooves are cut into the surface of the pad to facilitate distribution of the slurry.  The CMP process is performed on a CMP polishing tool.  During the CMP process, the wafer is held on a rotating carrier, which is pressed down against a CMP pad.  The CMP pad is attached to a rotating polishing table that spins in a circular motion in the opposite direction from the rotating wafer carrier.  A CMP slurry is continuously applied to the polishing pad to facilitate and enhance the polishing process.  Hard disk drive and silicon wafer manufacturers use similar processes to smooth the surface of substrate disks.

An effective CMP process is achieved through technical optimization of the CMP consumables in conjunction with an appropriately designed CMP process.  Prior to introducing new or different CMP slurries or pads into its manufacturing process, an IC device manufacturer generally requires the product to be qualified in its processes through an extensive series of tests and evaluations.  These qualifications are intended to ensure that the CMP consumable product will function properly within the customer's overall manufacturing process.  These tests and evaluations may require minor changes to the CMP process or the CMP slurry or pad.  While this qualification process varies depending on numerous factors, it is generally quite costly and may take six months or longer to complete.  IC device manufacturers usually take into account the cost, time required and impact on production when they consider implementing or switching to a new CMP slurry or pad.

CMP enables IC device manufacturers to produce smaller, faster and more complex IC devices with a greater density of transistors and other electronic components than is possible without CMP.  With smaller IC devices, IC device manufacturers can increase the number of IC devices that fit on a wafer, which increases their throughput, or the number of IC devices that can be manufactured in a given time period.  CMP also helps reduce the number of defective or substandard IC devices produced, which increases the device yield.  Improvements in throughput and yield reduce an IC device manufacturer's unit production costs, which improves the return on their significant investment in manufacturing capacity, which is a high priority for a semiconductor manufacturer.  More broadly, sustained growth in the semiconductor industry traditionally has been fueled by enhanced performance and lower unit costs, making IC devices more affordable in an expanding range of applications.


PRECISION POLISHING

Through our ESF business, we are applying our technical expertise in CMP consumables and polishing techniques developed for the semiconductor industry to demanding applications in other industries where shaping, enabling and enhancing the performance of surfaces is critical to success, such as for precision optics and electronic substrates, including silicon and silicon-carbide wafers.  We have begun selling our CMP consumable products to silicon wafer manufacturers and we anticipate future growth in this market.

Many of the production processes currently used in precision machining and polishing have been based on traditional, labor-intensive techniques, which are being replaced by computer-controlled, deterministic processes.  Our wholly-owned subsidiary, QED Technologies International, Inc. (QED), is a leading provider of deterministic finishing technology for the precision optics industry.  We believe precision optics are pervasive, serving several existing large markets such as semiconductor equipment, aerospace, defense, security, biomedical, research and consumer imaging.


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OUR PRODUCTS

CMP CONSUMABLES FOR IC DEVICES

We develop, produce and sell CMP slurries for polishing a wide range of materials that conduct electrical signals, including tungsten, copper, tantalum (commonly referred to as "barrier" which is used in copper wiring applications) and aluminum.  Slurries for polishing tungsten are used heavily in the production of mobile internet devices such as smart phones and tablets, in advanced memory and logic devices for a multitude of end applications such as computers and servers, MP3 players, gaming devices, cell phones and digital cameras, as well as in mature logic applications such as those used in automobiles and communication devices.  Our most advanced slurries for tungsten polishing are designed to be customized to provide customers greater flexibility, improved performance and a reduced cost of ownership.  Slurries for polishing copper and barrier materials are used in the production of advanced IC logic devices such as microprocessors for computers, and devices for graphic systems, gaming systems and communication devices, as well as in the production of advanced memory devices.  These products include different slurries for polishing the copper film and the thin barrier layer used to separate copper from the adjacent insulating material.  Slurries for polishing aluminum are relatively new in the CMP consumables market and are used in the most advanced transistor gate structures currently in production.  We offer multiple products for each technology node to enable different integration schemes depending on specific customer needs.

We also develop, manufacture and sell slurry products used to polish the dielectric insulating materials that separate conductive layers within logic and memory IC devices.  Our core slurry products for these materials are primarily used for high volume applications called Interlayer Dielectric or ILD, and are used in the production of both older logic devices as well as in mature and advanced memory devices.  Our advanced dielectrics products are designed to both replace traditional ILD applications with higher performance and lower cost of ownership products, and to meet the more stringent and complex performance requirements of lower-volume, more specialized dielectric polishing applications at advanced technology nodes.  Some of the applications for advanced dielectric slurries include shallow trench isolation (STI), "stop on poly" isolation, bulk oxide polishing, and polishing of various dielectrics in advanced transistor designs.

We develop, produce and sell CMP polishing pads, which are consumable materials that work in conjunction with CMP slurries in the CMP polishing process.  We believe that CMP polishing pads represent a natural adjacency to our CMP slurry business, since the technologies are closely related and utilize the same technical, sales and support infrastructure.  We believe our unique pad material and our continuous pad manufacturing process enable us to produce a pad with a longer pad life, greater consistency from pad to pad, and enhanced performance, resulting in lower cost of ownership for our customers.  We are producing and selling pads that can be used on a variety of polishing tools, over a range of applications including tungsten, copper and dielectrics, over a range of technology nodes, and on both 200mm and 300mm wafers.


CMP CONSUMABLES FOR THE DATA STORAGE INDUSTRY

We develop and produce CMP slurries for polishing certain materials that are used in the production of rigid disks and magnetic heads used in hard disk drives for computer and other data storage applications, which represent an extension of our core CMP slurry technology and manufacturing capabilities established for the semiconductor industry.  We believe CMP significantly improves the surface finish of these rigid disk coatings, resulting in greater storage capacity of the hard disk drive systems, and also improves the production efficiency of manufacturers of hard disk drives by helping increase their throughput and yield.


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PRECISION OPTICS PRODUCTS

Through our QED subsidiary, we design and produce precision polishing and metrology systems for advanced optic applications that allow customers to attain near-perfect shape and surface finish on a range of optical components such as mirrors, lenses and prisms.  Historically, advanced optics have been produced using labor-intensive artisanal processes, and variability has been common.  QED has automated the polishing process for advanced optics to enable rapid, deterministic and repeatable surface correction to the most demanding levels of precision in dramatically less time than with traditional means.  QED's polishing systems use Magneto-Rheological Finishing (MRF), a proprietary surface figuring and finishing technology, which employs magnetic fluids and sophisticated computer technology to polish a variety of shapes and materials.  QED's metrology systems use proprietary Subaperture Stitching Interferometry (SSI) technology that captures precise metrology data for large and/or strongly curved optical parts.  SSI technology includes proprietary Aspheric Stitching Interferometry (ASI), which is designed to measure increasingly complex shapes, including non-spherical surfaces, or aspheres.  QED's products also include MRF polishing fluids and MRF polishing components, as well as optical polishing services and polishing support services.


STRATEGY

We collaborate closely with our customers to develop and manufacture products that offer innovative and reliable solutions to our customers' challenges and we strive to consistently and reliably deliver and support these products around the world through what we believe is a robust global infrastructure and supply chain.  We continue to focus on the execution of our primary strategies related to technology, customer collaboration and supply chain management.  We are also leveraging our expertise in CMP process and slurry formulation to expand our ESF business in the optics and electronic substrates markets.

STRENGTHENING AND GROWING OUR CORE CMP CONSUMABLES BUSINESS

Developing Innovative Solutions:  We believe that technology and innovation are vital to success in our CMP consumables business and we devote significant resources to research and development.  Historically, we have developed new CMP consumables products on a relatively broad basis to provide CMP solutions to the overall industry.  However, the recent slowing of semiconductor growth and continued consolidation of the semiconductor industry has led us to focus our research and development activity on leading-edge applications for the technology leaders of the semiconductor industry.  We believe our focused effort on advanced technologies with our key customers will enable us to create more compelling new products as technology advances.  We have established research and development facilities in the United States, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea, in order to meet our customers' technology needs on a global basis.

We believe our ability to create innovative products at leading-edge applications was demonstrated by the growth in revenues over the past year that we experienced from our slurry products for polishing aluminum and advanced dielectrics.  We also have continued to further develop our polishing pads business.  We believe we offer our customers a compelling value proposition versus competitor offerings in terms of longer pad life and lower defectivity for certain applications.

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Close Collaboration With Our Customers:  We believe that building close relationships with our customers is key to achieving long-term success in our business. We collaborate with our customers on joint projects to identify and develop new and improved CMP solutions, to integrate our products into their manufacturing processes, and to assist them with supply, warehousing and inventory management.  Our customers demand a highly reliable supply source, and we believe we have a competitive advantage because of our ability to timely deliver high-quality products and service from the early stages of product development through the high-volume commercial use of our products.  We strategically locate our research and clean room facilities, manufacturing operations and the related technical and customer support teams to be responsive to our customers' needs.  We believe our extensive research and development facilities, in close proximity to our customers, provide a competitive advantage.

We believe the supplier excellence awards we received in fiscal 2013 exemplify our commitment to collaborate with our customers to deliver high-performing and high-quality products.  These awards were in recognition of our product quality and reliability.  Our global business teams are focused on a range of projects with our customers to address specific business opportunities at advanced technologies.

Robust Global Supply Chain:  We believe that product and supply chain quality is critical to success in our business.  Our customers demand continuous improvement in the performance of our products in terms of product quality and consistency.  We strive to reduce variation in our products and processes in order to increase quality, productivity and efficiency, and improve the uniformity and consistency of performance of our CMP consumables products.  Reducing variability becomes more important to our customers as they migrate to smaller technology nodes.  Our global manufacturing sites are managed to ensure we have the people, training and systems needed to support the stringent industry demands for product quality.  To support our quality initiative, we practice the concepts of Six Sigma across our Company, which we believe has contributed to lower variability in our products and sustained improvement in productivity in our operations.  Six Sigma is a systematic, data-driven approach and methodology for improving quality by reducing variability.

We also believe that continuous improvement and variation reduction in our global supply chain are critical to our success and the success of our customers.  We believe this differentiates us from our competitors.  We now have five slurry manufacturing plants of varying technological capability worldwide and a global network of suppliers, which we believe position us well to mitigate supply interruptions when unexpected events occur.  In fiscal 2013, we made significant progress qualifying products and ramping production at our newest manufacturing plant in South Korea.  This facility has enhanced our capabilities in this region and contributed to our strong profitability in the year.


LEVERAGING OUR EXPERTISE INTO NEW MARKETS - ENGINEERED SURFACE FINISHES BUSINESS

In addition to strengthening and growing our core CMP business, we continue to pursue development of our ESF business.  We believe we can leverage our expertise in CMP consumables for the semiconductor industry to develop products for demanding polishing applications in other industries that are synergistic to our CMP consumables business.  Our primary focus, in this regard, is on opportunities in precision optics and electronic substrates.

Our QED subsidiary continues to be the technology leader in deterministic finishing for the precision optics industry.  QED's polishing and metrology technology enables customers to replace manual processes with automated solutions that provide more precise and repeatable results.  Another focus of our ESF business is the polishing of electronic substrates, including silicon and silicon-carbide wafers.  A key step in the production of these wafers is CMP, which is utilized to ensure that wafers meet the stringent specifications required by IC manufacturers.

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INDUSTRY TRENDS

SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY

We believe the semiconductor industry demonstrates several trends: demand within the semiconductor business is being driven more by MIDs than by personal computers (PCs), such that overall industry growth is slowing; the industry customer base continues to consolidate, and the industry is becoming less cyclical; and there is continued pressure to reduce costs while advancing technology.

The semiconductor industry has seen a significant shift in demand over the past several years from semiconductor devices for PCs to those for MIDs.  Demand for MIDs has been growing rapidly while demand for PCs has been declining.  Since the semiconductor content of MIDs is much lower than that of PCs, this shift in demand has resulted in slower overall growth within the semiconductor industry over the last several years, and industry experts generally expect this trend to continue.  We continue to believe that semiconductor industry demand will grow over the long term, albeit at a slower rate than in the past, based on increased usage of IC devices in existing applications, as well as an expanding range of new uses of IC devices.

The larger semiconductor manufacturers appear to be generally growing faster than the smaller ones, and we have seen a decline in the number of companies that manufacture semiconductor devices both through mergers and acquisitions as well as through alliances among and between different companies.  The costs to achieve the required scale in manufacturing within the semiconductor industry are increasing, along with the related costs of research and development, and the larger manufacturers generally have greater access to the resources necessary to manage their businesses.  This trend is particularly evident in capital spending within the industry.  The largest semiconductor companies now account for a significant majority of total capital spending in the industry.  It appears that this concentration of capital investment may be resulting in more-rational capacity addition, and thereby reducing the cyclicality of the industry.  At the same time the semiconductor industry may be becoming less cyclical, it appears that the greater consumer orientation to MID demand versus the more corporate-driven PC demand of the past is causing more prominent seasonal shifts in demand around "back to school" and "holiday" periods of the calendar.  We have seen this seasonality in the form of softer demand for our products in the first half of the fiscal year followed by stronger demand in the second half of the fiscal year, in both fiscal years 2012 and 2013, and there are indications that demand may be softening again as we enter fiscal 2014.  We believe that our Company is well positioned to operate successfully over a range of demand environments as we have successfully navigated our business in the past.

As the demand for more advanced and lower cost electronic devices grows, there is continued pressure on IC device manufacturers to reduce their costs.  Many manufacturers reduce costs by pursuing ever-increasing scale in their operations.  Manufacturers also try to reduce costs by migrating to smaller technology nodes, particularly in the production of memory devices.  In addition, manufacturers seek ways to increase their production yields while reducing their production costs regardless of the number of units they produce.  They look for CMP consumables products with quality and performance attributes that can reduce their overall cost of ownership, pursue ways to use lesser amounts of CMP materials, and also aggressively pursue price reductions for these materials.  The pressure on IC device manufacturers to reduce costs has led a number of them to increase their use of third-party manufacturers, or foundries, which also leads to increasing scale and lower costs for these foundries.


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CMP CONSUMABLES INDUSTRY

Demand for CMP consumables is primarily driven by wafer starts, so the CMP consumables industry reflects the semiconductor industry demand patterns in terms of cyclicality, seasonality and specific device types.  Our revenue and net income for fiscal years 2012 and 2013 clearly demonstrated this seasonal effect as we saw softening of demand for our products in the first half of each of these fiscal years, followed by a significant increase in revenue and net income during the second half of each of these fiscal years.  The trend of declining PC demand also affected demand for our CMP consumables products.  For instance, we experienced a decline in revenue generated from our tungsten slurry products in fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012, and we believe this decline was primarily due to a reduction in DRAM demand associated with the lower demand for PCs, as tungsten slurries are used heavily in the production of DRAM computer chips.  Over the long term, we anticipate the worldwide market for CMP consumables used by IC device manufacturers will grow as a result of expected long-term growth in wafer starts, an increase in the number of CMP polishing steps required to produce these devices and the introduction of new materials in the manufacture of semiconductor devices that will require CMP.  However, we believe industry trends will continue to evolve and global macroeconomic uncertainty remains.

We expect the anticipated long-term growth in demand will be somewhat mitigated by continued efficiency improvements in CMP consumable usage as customers seek to reduce their costs.  Semiconductor manufacturers look for ways to lower the cost of CMP consumables in their production operations, including improvements in technology, diluting slurry or using concentrated slurry products or reducing the slurry flow rate during production to reduce the total amount of slurry used, and extending the polishing time before replacing pads.  In addition, we expect to monitor demand trends for PCs, and any related impact on the DRAM memory segment of the semiconductor industry to determine any expected effect on the usage of CMP consumables.

As semiconductor technology continues to advance, we believe that CMP technical solutions are becoming more complex, and leading-edge technologies generally require greater customization by customer, tool set and process integration approach.  Leading-edge device designs are introducing more materials and processes into next generation chips, and these new materials and processes must be considered in developing CMP solutions.   As a result, we generally see customers selecting suppliers earlier in their development processes and maintaining preferred supplier relationships through production.  Therefore, we believe that close collaboration with our customers at the beginning of development cycles offers the best opportunity for optimal CMP solutions.  We also believe that research and development programs continue to be vital to our success as we develop and commercialize innovative, high-performing and more cost-effective CMP solutions.


COMPETITION

We compete in the CMP consumables industry, which is characterized by rapid advances in technology and demanding product quality and consistency requirements.  We face competition from other CMP consumables suppliers, and we also may face competition in the future from significant changes in technology or emerging technologies.  However, we believe we are well positioned to continue our leadership in CMP slurries, and to continue to grow our CMP pad business.  We believe we have the experience, scale, capabilities and infrastructure that are required for success, and we work closely with the largest customers in the semiconductor industry to meet their growing expectations as a trusted business partner.

Our CMP slurry competitors range from small companies that compete with a single product and/or in a single geographic region to divisions of global companies with multiple lines of CMP products for IC manufacturers.  However, we believe we have more CMP slurry business than any other provider.  In our view, we are the only CMP slurry supplier today that serves a broad range of customers by offering and supporting a full line of CMP slurry solutions for all major applications, and that has a proven track record of supplying these products globally in high volumes with the attendant required high level of technical support services.

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With respect to CMP polishing pads, a division of Dow Chemical has held the leading global position in this area for many years.  We believe we are the second largest supplier of CMP polishing pads.  A number of other companies have entered this area of the CMP consumables business, providing potentially viable product alternatives.  We believe our pad materials and our continuous pad manufacturing process have enabled us to produce a pad that provides our customers with a longer pad life, lower defectivity and greater consistency than traditional offerings, thus reducing their total pad cost.  We believe this has fueled adoption of our pad products.

Our QED subsidiary operates in the precision optics industry.  There are few direct competitors of QED because its technology is still relatively new and unique.  We believe QED's technology provides a competitive advantage to customers in the precision optics industry, which still relies heavily on traditional artisanal methods of fabrication.


CUSTOMERS, SALES AND MARKETING

Within the semiconductor industry, our customers are primarily producers of logic IC devices or memory IC devices, or they provide IC foundry services.  Logic customers often outsource some or all of the production of their devices to foundries, which provide contract manufacturing services, in order to avoid the high cost of process development, construction and operation of a fab, or to provide additional capacity when needed.  In fiscal 2013, excluding revenue attributable to data storage and ESF customers, approximately 50% of our revenue was from foundry customers, 32% of our revenue was from memory customers and 18% of our revenue was from logic customers.

Based upon our own observations and customer survey results, we believe the following factors are the primary influences of our customers' CMP consumables buying decisions: overall cost of ownership, which represents the cost to purchase, use and maintain a product; product quality and consistency; product performance and its impact on a customer's overall yield; engineering support; and, delivery/supply assurance.  We believe that greater customer sophistication in the CMP process, more challenging integration schemes, additional and unique polishing materials and cost pressures will add further demands on CMP consumables suppliers like us. When these factors are combined with our customers' desires to gain purchasing leverage and lower their cost of ownership, we believe that only the most reliable, innovative, cost effective, service-driven CMP consumables suppliers will thrive.

We use a collaborative approach to build close relationships with our customers in a variety of areas, and we have customer-focused teams located in each major geographic region.  Our sales process begins long before the actual sale of our products and occurs on a number of levels.  Due to the long lead times from research and development to product commercialization and sales, we have research teams that collaborate with technology-leading customers on emerging applications years before the products are required by the market.  We also have development teams that interact closely with these customers, using our research and development facilities and capabilities to design CMP products tailored to their precise needs.  Next, our applications engineers work with customers to integrate our products into their manufacturing processes.  Finally, as part of our sales process, our logistics and sales personnel provide supply, warehousing and inventory management for our customers.

We market our products primarily through direct sales to our customers, although we use distributors in select areas.  We believe this strategy provides us an additional means to collaborate with our customers.

Our QED subsidiary supports customers in the semiconductor equipment, aerospace, defense, security, research, biomedical and consumer imaging markets.  QED counts among its worldwide customers leading precision optics manufacturers, major semiconductor original equipment manufacturers, research institutions, and the United States government and its contractors.

In fiscal 2013, our five largest customers accounted for approximately 53% of our revenue, with Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation and Samsung accounting for approximately 21% and 13% of our revenue, respectively.  For additional information on concentration of customers, refer to Note 2 of "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements" included in Item 8 of Part II of this Form 10-K.


10

 
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT

We believe that technology is vital to success in our CMP and ESF businesses, and we plan to continue to devote significant resources to research, development and technical support (R&D), and balance our efforts between the shorter-term market needs and the longer-term investments required of us as a technology leader.  We focus our R&D efforts on product innovation at leading-edge applications for our technology-leading customers.  We develop and formulate new and enhanced CMP solutions tailored to these customers' requirements.  We work closely with these customers at their facilities to identify their specific technology and manufacturing challenges and to translate these challenges into viable CMP process solutions.

Our technology efforts are currently focused on five main areas that span the early conceptual stage of product development involving new materials, processes and designs several years in advance of commercialization, to continuous improvement of already commercialized products in daily use in our customers' manufacturing facilities.  These five areas are:

·
Research related to fundamental CMP technology;
·
Development and formulation of new and enhanced CMP consumables products, including collaboration on joint development projects with key customers;
·
Process development to support rapid and effective commercialization of new products;
·
Technical support of our CMP products in our customers' research, development and manufacturing facilities; and,
·
Evaluation and development of new polishing and metrology applications outside of the semiconductor industry.

Our research in CMP slurries and pads addresses a breadth of complex and interrelated performance criteria that relate to the functional performance of the IC, our customers' manufacturing yields, and their overall cost of ownership.   We design slurries and pads that are capable of polishing one or more materials of differing hardness, sometimes at the same time, that make up the semiconductor circuitry.  Additionally, our products must achieve the desired surface conditions at high polishing rates, high processing yields and low consumables costs in order to provide acceptable system economics for our customers.  As dimensions become smaller and as materials and designs increase in complexity, these challenges require significant investments in R&D.

We also commit internal R&D resources to our ESF business.  We believe that application areas we are currently developing, such as precision optics and electronic substrates, represent natural adjacencies to our core CMP business and technology.  Products under development include products used to polish silicon and silicon-carbide wafers to improve the surface quality of these wafers and reduce the customers' total cost of ownership.

We believe that a competitive advantage can be gained through technology, and that our investments in R&D provide us with polishing and metrology capabilities that support the most advanced and challenging customer technology requirements on a global basis.  In fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, we incurred approximately $61.4 million, $58.6 million and $58.0 million, respectively, in R&D expenses.  We believe our Six Sigma initiatives in our R&D efforts allow us to conduct more research at a lower cost.  Investments in property, plant and equipment to support our R&D efforts are capitalized and depreciated over their useful lives.

Our global R&D team includes experts from the semiconductor industry and scientists from key disciplines required for the development of high-performance CMP consumable products.  We operate an R&D facility in Aurora, Illinois, that features a Class 1 clean room and advanced equipment for product development, including 300mm polishing and metrology capabilities; a technology center in Japan, which includes a Class 1 clean room with 300mm polishing, metrology and slurry development capabilities; an R&D facility in Taiwan that includes a clean room with 200mm polishing capability; an R&D facility in South Korea that provides slurry formulation capability; an R&D laboratory in Singapore that provides polishing, metrology and slurry development capabilities for the data storage industry; and, a research facility in Rochester, New York to support our QED business.  All of these facilities underscore our commitment to continuing to invest in our technology infrastructure to maintain our technology leadership and to be responsive to the needs of our customers.


11

 
RAW MATERIALS SUPPLY

Engineered abrasive particles are significant raw materials we use in many of our CMP slurries.  In the interest of supply assurance, our strategy is to secure multiple sources of raw materials and qualify and monitor those sources as necessary to ensure our supply of raw materials remains uninterrupted.  Also, we have entered into multi-year supply agreements with a number of suppliers for the purchase of raw materials in the interest of supply assurance and to control costs.  For additional information regarding these agreements, refer to "Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations", included in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations", in Item 7 of Part II of this Form 10-K.


INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Our intellectual property is important to our success and ability to compete.  As of October 31, 2013, we had 1,152 active worldwide patents, of which 238 are U.S. patents, and 506 pending worldwide patent applications, of which 75 are in the U.S.  Many of these patents are important to our continued development of new and innovative products for CMP and related processes, as well as for new businesses.  Our patents have a range of duration and we do not expect to lose any material patent through expiration within the next three years.  We attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret laws, as well as employee and third party nondisclosure and assignment agreements.  We vigorously and proactively pursue parties that attempt to compromise our investments in research and development by infringing our intellectual property, and have been successful in upholding the validity of our U.S. patents.

Most of our intellectual property has been developed internally, but we also may acquire intellectual property from others to enhance our intellectual property portfolio.  These enhancements may be via licenses or assignments or we may acquire certain proprietary technology and intellectual property when we make acquisitions.  We believe these technology rights continue to enhance our competitive advantage by providing us with future product development opportunities and expanding our already substantial intellectual property portfolio.

ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS

    Our facilities are subject to various environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to air emissions, wastewater discharges, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes, and occupational safety and health.  We believe that our facilities are in substantial compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations.  Our major operations in the United States, Japan, Singapore, Europe and Taiwan are ISO 14001 Environmental and OHSAS 18001 Safety and Health certified, which requires that we implement and operate according to various procedures that demonstrate our dedication to waste reduction, energy conservation and other environmental concerns.  We are committed to maintaining these certifications.  We will also seek to obtain additional certifications, as applicable, in the areas in which we do business.  We have incurred, and will continue to incur, capital and operating expenditures and other costs in complying with these laws and regulations in both the United States and other countries.  However, we currently do not anticipate that the future costs of environmental compliance will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.


EMPLOYEES

We believe we have a world-class team of employees who make the Company successful.  As of October 31, 2013, we employed 1,053 individuals, including 556 in operations, 278 in research and development and technical, 94 in sales and marketing and 125 in administration.  In general, none of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements.  We have not experienced any work stoppages and in general consider our relations with our employees to be good.


12

 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT GEOGRAPHIC AREAS

We sell our products worldwide.  Our geographic coverage allows us to utilize our business and technical expertise from a worldwide workforce, provides stability to our operations and earnings streams to offset geography-specific economic exposures, and offers us an opportunity to take advantage of new markets for products.

For more financial information about geographic areas, see Note 18 of "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements" included in Item 8 of Part II of this Form 10-K.


AVAILABLE INFORMATION

Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, definitive proxy statements on Form 14A, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports are made available free of charge on our Company website, www.cabotcmp.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).   Statements of changes in beneficial ownership of our securities on Form 4 by our executive officers and directors are made available on our Company website by the end of the business day following the submission to the SEC of such filings.  In addition, the SEC's website (http://www.sec.gov) contains reports, proxy statements, and other information that we file electronically with the SEC.


 
13

 
ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

We do not believe there have been any material changes in our risk factors since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012.  However, we may update our risk factors, including adding or deleting them, in our SEC filings from time to time for clarification purposes or to include additional information, at management's discretion, even when there have been no material changes.

RISKS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS

DEMAND FOR OUR PRODUCTS FLUCTUATES AND OUR BUSINESS MAY BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY WORLDWIDE ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRY CONDITIONS

Our business is affected by economic and industry conditions and our revenue is primarily dependent upon semiconductor demand.  Semiconductor demand, in turn, is impacted by changes in consumer demand such as the significant shift in demand in recent years from semiconductor devices for personal computers to those for mobile internet devices.  Semiconductor demand is also impacted by semiconductor industry cycles, and these cycles can dramatically affect our business.  These cycles may be characterized by rapid increases or decreases in product demand, excess or low customer inventories, and rapid changes in prices of IC devices.  In addition, the semiconductor industry is also subject to some seasonality of demand, and in recent years, this seasonality has appeared to become more pronounced.  For example, we experienced soft demand conditions in the semiconductor industry during the first two quarters of fiscal 2012, followed by some strengthening of demand in the second half of fiscal 2012.  We also experienced soft demand conditions in the first half of fiscal 2013, followed by strengthening of demand in the second half of fiscal 2013.  Furthermore, competitive dynamics within the semiconductor industry may impact our business.  Our limited visibility to future customer orders makes it difficult for us to predict industry trends.  If the global economy or the semiconductor industry weakens, whether in general or as a result of specific factors, such as macroeconomic factors, or unpredictable natural disasters, we could experience material adverse impacts on our results of operations and financial condition.

Adverse global economic and industry conditions may have other negative effects on our Company.  For instance, we may experience negative impacts on cash flows due to the inability of our customers to pay their obligations to us, as evidenced by the $3.7 million bad debt expense we recorded in March 2012, related to a customer bankruptcy filing in Japan in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, or our production process may be harmed if our suppliers cannot fulfill their obligations to us.  We may also have to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets, which could harm our financial position and results of operations.

Some additional factors that affect demand for our products include: the types of products that our customers may produce, such as logic devices versus memory devices; the various technology nodes at which those products are manufactured; customers' specific manufacturing process integration schemes; the short order to delivery time for our products; quarter-to-quarter changes in customer order patterns; market share gains and losses; and pricing changes by us and our competitors.


14

 
WE HAVE A NARROW PRODUCT RANGE AND OUR PRODUCTS MAY BECOME OBSOLETE, OR TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES MAY REDUCE OR LIMIT INCREASES IN THE CONSUMPTION OF CMP SLURRIES AND PADS

Our business is substantially dependent on a single class of products, CMP slurries, which account for the majority of our revenue.  We also continue to develop our business in CMP pads.  Our business would suffer if these products became obsolete or if consumption of these products decreased.  Our success depends on our ability to keep pace with technological changes and advances in the semiconductor industry and to adapt, improve and customize our products for advanced IC applications in response to evolving customer needs and industry trends.  Since its inception, the semiconductor industry has experienced rapid technological changes and advances in the design, manufacture, performance and application of IC devices, and our customers continually pursue lower cost of ownership and higher quality and performance of materials consumed in their manufacturing processes, including CMP slurries and pads, as a means to reduce the costs and increase the yield in their manufacturing facilities.  We expect these technological changes and advances, and this drive toward lower costs, higher quality and performance and higher yields, will continue in the future.  Potential technology developments in the semiconductor industry, as well as our customers' efforts to reduce consumption of CMP consumables and to possibly reuse or recycle these products, could render our products less important to the IC device manufacturing process.


A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF OUR BUSINESS COMES FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF LARGE CUSTOMERS AND OUR REVENUE AND PROFITS COULD DECREASE SIGNIFICANTLY IF WE LOST ONE OR MORE OF THESE CUSTOMERS

Our CMP consumables customer base is concentrated among a limited number of large customers.  The larger semiconductor manufacturers are generally growing at a faster rate than the smaller ones, and we have seen the number of semiconductor manufacturers decline both through mergers and acquisitions as well as through strategic alliances.  Industry analysts predict that this trend will continue, which means the semiconductor industry will be comprised of fewer and larger participants if their prediction is correct.  One or more of these principal customers could stop buying CMP consumables from us or could substantially reduce the quantity of CMP consumables purchased from us.  Our principal customers also hold considerable purchasing power, which can impact the pricing and terms of sale of our products.  Any deferral or significant reduction in CMP consumables sold to these principal customers, or a significant number of smaller customers, could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In fiscal 2013, our five largest customers accounted for approximately 53% of our revenue, with Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) and Samsung accounting for approximately 21% and 13%, respectively, of our revenue.  In fiscal year 2012, our five largest customers accounted for approximately 48% of our revenue, with TSMC and Samsung accounting for approximately 18% and 13%, respectively.


OUR BUSINESS COULD BE SERIOUSLY HARMED IF OUR COMPETITORS DEVELOP SUPERIOR CMP CONSUMABLES PRODUCTS, OFFER BETTER PRICING TERMS OR SERVICE, OR OBTAIN CERTAIN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

Competition from other CMP consumables manufacturers could seriously harm our business and results of operations.  This competition could continue to increase, and opportunities exist for other companies to emerge as potential competitors by developing their own CMP consumables products.  Increased competition has and may continue to impact the prices we are able to charge for our CMP consumables products as well as our overall business.  In addition, our competitors could have or obtain intellectual property rights which could restrict our ability to market our existing products and/or to innovate and develop new products.

15


 
ANY PROBLEM OR DISRUPTION IN OUR SUPPLY CHAIN, INCLUDING SUPPLY OF OUR MOST IMPORTANT RAW MATERIALS, OR IN OUR ABILITY TO MANUFACTURE AND DELIVER OUR PRODUCTS TO OUR CUSTOMERS,  COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

We depend on our supply chain to enable us to meet the demands of our customers.  Our supply chain includes the raw materials we use to manufacture our products, our production operations and the means by which we deliver our products to our customers.  Our business could be adversely affected by any problem or interruption in our supply of the key raw materials we use in our CMP slurries and pads, including fumed silica, which we use for certain of our slurries, or any problem or interruption that may occur during production or delivery of our products, such as weather-related problems or natural disasters.  Our supply chain may also be negatively impacted by unanticipated price increases due to supply restrictions beyond the control of our Company or our raw material suppliers.

We believe it would be difficult to promptly secure alternative sources of key raw materials in the event one of our suppliers becomes unable to supply us with sufficient quantities of raw materials that meet the quality and technical specifications required by us and our customers.  In addition, new contract terms, contractual amendments to the existing agreements with, or non-performance by, our suppliers, including any significant financial distress our suppliers may suffer, could adversely affect us.  For instance, Cabot Corporation continues to be our primary supplier of particular amounts and types of fumed silica under a new fumed silica supply agreement for such supply, which became effective as of January 2013.  Also, if we change the supplier or type of key raw materials we use to make our CMP slurries or pads, or are required to purchase them from a different manufacturer or manufacturing facility or otherwise modify our products, in certain circumstances our customers might have to requalify our CMP slurries and pads for their manufacturing processes and products.  The requalification process could take a significant amount of time and expense to complete and could motivate our customers to consider purchasing products from our competitors, possibly interrupting or reducing our sales of CMP consumables to these customers


WE ARE SUBJECT TO RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OUR FOREIGN OPERATIONS

We currently have operations and a large customer base outside of the United States.  Approximately 88%, 87% and 86% of our revenue was generated by sales to customers outside of the United States for fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  We may encounter risks in doing business in certain foreign countries, including, but not limited to, adverse changes in economic and political conditions, fluctuation in exchange rates, compliance with a variety of foreign laws and regulations, as well as difficulty in enforcing business and customer contracts and agreements, including protection of intellectual property rights.  We also may encounter the risks that we may not be able to repatriate earnings from our foreign operations, derive anticipated tax benefits of our foreign operations or recover the investments made in our foreign operations.


16


 
BECAUSE WE RELY HEAVILY ON OUR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, OUR FAILURE TO ADEQUATELY OBTAIN OR PROTECT IT COULD SERIOUSLY HARM OUR BUSINESS

Protection of intellectual property is particularly important in our industry because we develop complex technical formulas and processes for CMP products that are proprietary in nature and differentiate our products from those of our competitors.  Our intellectual property is important to our success and ability to compete.  We attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret laws, as well as employee and third-party nondisclosure and assignment agreements.  Due to our international operations, we pursue protection in different jurisdictions, which may provide varying degrees of protection, and we cannot provide assurance that we can obtain adequate protection in each such jurisdiction.  Our failure to obtain or maintain adequate protection of our intellectual property rights for any reason, including through the patent prosecution process or in the event of litigation related to such intellectual property, could seriously harm our business.  In addition, the costs of obtaining or protecting our intellectual property could negatively affect our operating results.


WE MAY PURSUE ACQUISITIONS OF, INVESTMENTS IN, AND STRATEGIC ALLIANCES WITH OTHER ENTITIES, WHICH COULD DISRUPT OUR OPERATIONS AND HARM OUR OPERATING RESULTS IF THEY ARE UNSUCCESSFUL

We expect to continue to make investments in technologies, assets and companies, either through acquisitions, investments or alliances, in order to supplement our internal growth and development efforts.  Acquisitions and investments, involve numerous risks, including the following: difficulties and risks in integrating the operations, technologies, products and personnel of acquired companies; diversion of management's attention from normal daily operations of the business; increased risk associated with foreign operations; potential difficulties and risks in entering markets in which we have limited or no direct prior experience and where competitors in such markets have stronger market positions; potential difficulties in operating new businesses with different business models; potential difficulties with regulatory or contract compliance in areas in which we have limited experience; initial dependence on unfamiliar supply chains or relatively small supply partners; insufficient revenues to offset increased expenses associated with acquisitions; potential loss of key employees of the acquired companies; or inability to effectively cooperate and collaborate with our alliance partners.

Further, we may never realize the perceived or anticipated benefits of a business combination, asset acquisition or investments in other entities.  Acquisitions by us could have negative effects on our results of operations, in areas such as contingent liabilities, gross profit margins, amortization charges related to intangible assets and other effects of accounting for the purchases of other business entities.  Investments in and acquisitions of technology-related companies or assets are inherently risky because these businesses or assets may never develop, and we may incur losses related to these investments.  In addition, we may be required to impair the carrying value of these acquisitions or investments to reflect other than temporary declines in their value, which could harm our business and results of operations, as evidenced by the valuation allowance established in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 on a deferred tax asset related to a former equity investment.


17

 
BECAUSE WE HAVE LIMITED EXPERIENCE IN BUSINESS AREAS OUTSIDE OF CMP SLURRIES, EXPANSION OF OUR BUSINESS INTO NEW PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS MAY NOT BE SUCCESSFUL

An element of our strategy has been to leverage our current customer relationships, technological expertise and other capabilities to expand our business beyond CMP slurries into other areas, such as CMP polishing pads and, more broadly, into other electronic materials.  Additionally, in our Engineered Surface Finishes business, we are pursuing other surface modification applications.  Expanding our business into new product areas could involve technologies, production processes and business models in which we have limited experience, and we may not be able to develop and produce products or provide services that satisfy customers' needs or we may be unable to keep pace with technological or other developments.  Also, our competitors may have or obtain intellectual property rights that could restrict our ability to market our existing products and/or to innovate and develop new products.


OUR INABILITY TO ATTRACT AND RETAIN KEY PERSONNEL COULD CAUSE OUR BUSINESS TO SUFFER

If we fail to attract and retain the necessary managerial, technical and customer support personnel, our business and our ability to maintain existing and obtain new customers, develop new products and provide acceptable levels of customer service could suffer.  We compete with other industry participants for qualified personnel, particularly those with significant experience in the semiconductor industry.  The loss of services of key employees could harm our business and results of operations.


RISKS RELATING TO THE MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK

THE MARKET PRICE MAY FLUCTUATE SIGNIFICANTLY AND RAPIDLY

The market price of our common stock has fluctuated and could continue to fluctuate significantly as a result of factors such as: economic and stock market conditions generally and specifically as they may impact participants in the semiconductor and related industries; changes in financial estimates and recommendations by securities analysts who follow our stock; earnings and other announcements by, and changes in market evaluations of, us or participants in the semiconductor and related industries; changes in business or regulatory conditions affecting us or participants in the semiconductor and related industries; announcements or implementation by us, our competitors, or our customers of technological innovations, new products or different business strategies; changes in our capital management strategy, including the incurrence of debt; and trading volume of our common stock.


18

 
ANTI-TAKEOVER PROVISIONS UNDER OUR CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AND BYLAWS MAY DISCOURAGE THIRD PARTIES FROM MAKING AN UNSOLICITED BID FOR OUR COMPANY

Our certificate of incorporation, our bylaws, and various provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law may make it more difficult or expensive to effect a change in control of our Company.  For instance, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides for the division of our Board of Directors into three classes as nearly equal in size as possible with staggered three-year terms.

We have adopted change in control arrangements covering our executive officers and other key employees.  These arrangements provide for a cash severance payment, continued medical benefits and other ancillary payments and benefits upon termination of service of a covered employee's employment following a change in control, which may make it more expensive to acquire our Company.


ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.


19


ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

Our principal U.S. facilities that we or our subsidiaries own consist of:

 
a global headquarters and research and development facility in Aurora, Illinois, comprising approximately 200,000 square feet;
 
a commercial slurry manufacturing plant and distribution center in Aurora, Illinois, comprising approximately 175,000 square feet;
 
a commercial polishing pad manufacturing plant and offices in Aurora, Illinois, comprising approximately 48,000 square feet;
 
an additional 13.2 acres of vacant land in Aurora, Illinois; and
 
a facility in Addison, Illinois, comprising approximately 15,000 square feet.

In addition, we lease a facility in Rochester, New York, comprising approximately 23,000 square feet.

Our principal foreign facilities that we or our subsidiaries own consist of:

 
a commercial slurry manufacturing plant, automated warehouse, research and development facility and offices in Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, comprising approximately 170,000 square feet;
 
a commercial slurry manufacturing plant and distribution center, and a development and technical support facility in Geino, Japan, comprising approximately 144,000 square feet;
 
a commercial slurry manufacturing plant, research and development facility and offices in Oseong, South Korea, comprising approximately 56,000 square feet.

Our principal foreign facilities that we lease consist of:

 
an office, laboratory and commercial polishing pad manufacturing plant in Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, comprising approximately 31,000 square feet;
 
a commercial slurry manufacturing plant, research and development facility and business office in Singapore, comprising approximately 24,000 square feet.

We believe that our facilities are suitable and adequate for their intended purpose and provide us with sufficient capacity and capacity expansion opportunities and technological capability to meet our current and expected demand in the foreseeable future.


 
20

 
ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

While we are not involved in any legal proceedings that we believe will have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows, we periodically become a party to legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business.


 
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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

Set forth below is information concerning our executive officers and their ages as of October 31, 2013.

NAME
 
AGE
 
POSITION
 
 
 
 
 
William P. Noglows
 
55
 
Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer
H. Carol Bernstein
 
53
 
Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel
Yumiko Damashek
 
57
 
Vice President, Japan and Operations in Asia
William S. Johnson
 
56
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
David H. Li
 
40
 
Vice President, Asia Pacific Region
Ananth Naman
 
43
 
Vice President, Research and Development
Daniel J. Pike
 
50
 
Vice President, Corporate Development
Lisa A. Polezoes
 
49
 
Vice President, Human Resources
Stephen R. Smith
 
54
 
Vice President, Marketing
Adam F. Weisman
 
51
 
Executive Vice President
Daniel S. Wobby
 
50
 
Vice President, Global Sales
Thomas S. Roman
 
52
 
Principal Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller

WILLIAM P. NOGLOWS has served as our Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer since November 2003.  Mr. Noglows had previously served as a director of our Company from January 2000 until April 2002.  Prior to joining us, Mr. Noglows served as an Executive Vice President of Cabot Corporation from 1998 to June 2003.  Prior to that, Mr. Noglows held various management positions at Cabot Corporation including General Manager of Cabot Corporation's Cab-O-Sil Division, where he was one of the primary founders of our Company when our business was a division of Cabot Corporation, and was responsible for identifying and encouraging the development of the CMP application.  Mr. Noglows received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.  Mr. Noglows is also a director of Littelfuse, Inc.

H. CAROL BERNSTEIN has served as our Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel since August 2000.  From January 1998 until joining us, Ms. Bernstein served as the General Counsel and Director of Industrial Technology Development of Argonne National Laboratory, which is operated by the University of Chicago for the United States Department of Energy.  From May 1985 until December 1997, she served in various positions with the IBM Corporation, culminating in serving as an Associate General Counsel, and was the Vice President, Secretary and General Counsel of Advantis Corporation, an IBM joint venture.  Ms. Bernstein received her B.A. from Colgate University and her J.D. from Northwestern University; she is a member of the Bar of the States of Illinois and New York.

YUMIKO DAMASHEK has served as our Vice President, Japan and Operations in Asia since June 2008.  Previously, Ms. Damashek served as Managing Director of Japan since November 2005.  Prior to joining us, Ms. Damashek served as President for Celerity Japan, Inc.  Prior to that, she held various leadership positions at Global Partnership Creation, Inc. and Millipore Corporation.  Ms. Damashek received her B.A. from the University of Arizona and her M.B.A. from San Diego State University.

WILLIAM S. JOHNSON has served as our Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since April 2003, and was named an Executive Vice President in April 2013.  Prior to joining us, Mr. Johnson served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Budget Group, Inc. from August 2000 to March 2003.  Before that, Mr. Johnson spent 16 years at BP Amoco in various senior finance and management positions, the most recent of which was President of Amoco Fabrics and Fibers Company.  Mr. Johnson received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Oklahoma and his M.B.A. from the Harvard Business School.

DAVID H. LI has served as our Vice President, Asia Pacific Region since June 2008.  Prior to that, Mr. Li served as Managing Director of South Korea and China since February 2007.  Previously, Mr. Li served as our Global Business Director for Tungsten and Advanced Dielectrics from 2005 to February 2007.  Mr. Li held a variety of leadership positions for us in operations, sourcing and investor relations between 1998 and 2005.  Prior to joining us, Mr. Li worked for UOP in marketing and process engineering.  Mr. Li received a B.S. in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University and an M.B.A. from Northwestern University.

22

 
ANANTH NAMAN has served as our Vice President of Research and Development since January 2011.  Previously, Dr. Naman was our Director of Product Development starting in April 2009 and Director of Pads Technology from January 2006 through March 2009.  Prior to joining us, Dr. Naman managed research and development efforts at Honeywell International from July 2000 to December 2005, and from 1997 to 2000 he held positions in research and development at Seagate Technology.  Dr. Naman earned B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Florida.

DANIEL J. PIKE has served as our Vice President of Corporate Development since January 2004 and prior to that was our Vice President of Operations from December 1999.  Mr. Pike served as Director of Global Operations for a division of Cabot Corporation from 1996 to 1999.  Prior to that, Mr. Pike worked for FMC Corporation in various marketing and finance positions.  Mr. Pike received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Buffalo and his M.B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.

LISA A. POLEZOES has served as our Vice President of Human Resources since October 2012.  Prior to that, Ms. Polezoes was our Global Director of Human Resources from August 2006, and previously had been our Director of Global Compensation and Benefits from 2005.  Prior to joining us, Ms. Polezoes had various human resources and management positions at Praxair, Montgomery Ward and Hyatt Corporation.  Ms. Polezoes received her B.S. in Institutional Management from Purdue University and her M.B.A. from Benedictine University.

STEPHEN R. SMITH has served as our Vice President of Marketing since September 2006, and previously was our Vice President of Marketing and Business Management since April 2005 and our Vice President of Sales and Marketing from October 2001.  Prior to joining us, Mr. Smith served as Vice President, Sales & Business Development for Buildpoint Corporation from 2000 to April 2001.  Prior to that, Mr. Smith spent 17 years at Tyco Electronics Group, formerly known as AMP Incorporated, in various management positions.  Mr. Smith earned a B.S. in Industrial Engineering from Grove City College and an M.B.A. from Wake Forest University.

ADAM F. WEISMAN has served as our Vice President of Business Operations since September 2006, and prior to that was our Vice President of Operations.  Mr. Weisman was named an Executive Vice President in April 2013.  Before joining us, Mr. Weisman held various engineering and senior operations management positions with the General Electric Company from 1988 through 2004, including having served as the General Manager of Manufacturing for GE Plastics - Superabrasives, and culminating in serving as the Executive Vice President of Operations for GE Railcar Services.  Prior to joining GE, he worked as an engineering team leader and pilot plant manager for E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Company.  Mr. Weisman holds a B.S. in Ceramic Engineering from Alfred University.

DANIEL S. WOBBY has served as our Vice President of Global Sales since June 2008.  Prior to that, Mr. Wobby served as Vice President, Asia Pacific Region since September 2005.  Previously, Mr. Wobby served as Vice President, Greater China and Southeast Asia starting in February 2004 and as Corporate Controller and Principal Accounting Officer from 2000 to 2004.  From 1989 to 2000, Mr. Wobby held various accounting and operations positions with Cabot Corporation culminating in serving as Director of Finance.  Mr. Wobby earned a B.S. in Accounting from St. Michael's College and an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago.

THOMAS S. ROMAN has served as our Corporate Controller and Principal Accounting Officer since February 2004 and previously served as our North American Controller.  Prior to joining us in April 2000, Mr. Roman was employed by FMC Corporation in various financial reporting, tax and audit positions.  Before that, Mr. Roman worked for Gould Electronics and Arthur Andersen LLP.  Mr. Roman is a C.P.A. and earned a B.S. in Accounting from the University of Illinois and an M.B.A. from DePaul University.

23

 
PART II

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock has traded publicly under the symbol "CCMP" since our initial public offering in April 2000, currently on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, and formerly the NASDAQ National Market.  The following table sets forth the range of quarterly high and low closing sales prices for our common stock.

 
 
HIGH
LOW
Fiscal 2012
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
48.39
33.09
 
Second Quarter
52.50
33.89
 
Third Quarter
39.82
28.11
 
Fourth Quarter
35.93
28.14
Fiscal 2013
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
35.51
29.04
 
Second Quarter
37.38
33.61
 
Third Quarter
36.54
31.51
 
Fourth Quarter
39.10
33.38
Fiscal 2014 First Quarter (through October 31, 2013)
42.50
37.98

As of October 31, 2013, there were approximately 875 holders of record of our common stock.  In December 2011, we announced a new capital management initiative for our Company, which included a leveraged recapitalization with a special cash dividend of $15 per share and an increase in the amount available under our share repurchase program.  On February 13, 2012, our Board of Directors declared the special cash dividend of $15 per share, or $347.1 million in aggregate, to the Company's stockholders with a dividend payment date of March 1, 2012.  The low price of our common stock shown above for the second quarter of fiscal 2012, as well as the high and low prices shown for the subsequent quarters, reflect the period after the payment of the special cash dividend.  No dividends were declared or paid in fiscal 2013, fiscal 2011 or prior to the special cash dividend, and we have no current plans to pay cash dividends.

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
   
Average Price Paid Per Share
   
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
   
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (in thousands)
 
Jul. 1 through
Jul. 31, 2013
   
21
   
$
37.21
     
-
   
$
100,000
 
Aug. 1 through
Aug. 31, 2013
   
72,800
   
$
37.09
     
72,800
   
$
97,300
 
Sep. 1 through
Sep. 30, 2013
   
192,404
   
$
37.94
     
192,404
   
$
90,000
 
 Total
   
265,225
   
$
37.71
     
265,204
   
$
90,000
 

In November 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to $125.0 million of our outstanding common stock, which became effective on the authorization date.  As of December 13, 2011, we had $82.9 million remaining under this share repurchase program.  In conjunction with our capital management initiative that we announced in December 2011, on December 13, 2011, our Board of Directors authorized an increase in the amount available under our share repurchase program to $150.0 million.  We repurchased 1,144,836 shares for $40.0 million in fiscal 2013 under this expanded program.  As of September 30, 2013, $90.0 million remains outstanding under our share repurchase program.  Share repurchases are made from time to time, depending on market conditions, in open market transactions, at management's discretion.  To date, we have funded share purchases under our share repurchase program from our available cash balance, and anticipate we will continue to do so.
 
Separate from this share repurchase program, a total of 39,551 shares were purchased during fiscal 2013 pursuant to the terms of our Second Amended and Restated Cabot Microelectronics Corporation 2000 Equity Incentive Plan (EIP) and our 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan (OIP) as shares withheld from award recipients to cover payroll taxes on the vesting of shares of restricted stock granted under the EIP and OIP.


EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION

See Part II, Item 12 of this Form 10-K for information regarding shares of common stock that may be issued under the Company's existing equity compensation plans.
24


STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following graph illustrates the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock during the period from September 30, 2008 through September 30, 2013 and compares it with the cumulative total return on the NASDAQ Composite Index and the Philadelphia Semiconductor Index.  The comparison assumes $100 was invested on September 30, 2008 in our common stock and in each of the foregoing indices and assumes reinvestment of the special cash dividend paid in fiscal 2012.  The performance shown is not necessarily indicative of future performance.  See "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A above.





 
9/08
12/08
3/09
6/09
9/09
12/09
3/10
6/10
9/10
12/10
3/11
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cabot Microelectronics Corporation
100.00
81.27
74.91
88.19
108.67
102.74
117.92
107.82
100.31
129.21
162.87
NASDAQ Composite
100.00
76.68
74.11
89.03
103.76
110.99
117.19
103.76
116.52
130.57
137.20
Philadelphia Semiconductor
100.00
77.84
84.77
97.14
114.14
124.29
124.24
110.01
121.49
142.62
149.68

 
6/11
9/11
12/11
3/12
6/12
9/12
12/12
3/13
6/13
9/13
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cabot Microelectronics Corporation
144.86
107.20
147.29
172.90
129.90
156.27
157.92
154.54
146.80
171.25
NASDAQ Composite
137.53
120.44
131.50
155.52
148.02
157.60
153.03
167.03
174.97
195.67
Philadelphia Semiconductor
149.23
129.89
144.82
172.75
153.04
154.27
159.52
174.40
180.78
191.67



25


ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial data for each year of the five-year period ended September 30, 2013, has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements.

The information set forth below is not necessarily indicative of results of future operations and should be read in conjunction with Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the consolidated financial statements and notes to those statements included in Items 7 and 8 of Part II of this Form 10-K, as well as Risk Factors included in Item 1A of Part I of this Form 10-K.


CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
 
SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE YEAR SUMMARY
 
(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
     
2012
*
   
2011
     
2010
     
2009
 
Consolidated Statement of Income Data:
 
                                 
      Revenue
 
$
433,131
   
$
427,657
   
$
445,442
   
$
408,201
   
$
291,372
 
      Cost of goods sold
   
221,015
     
223,630
     
231,336
     
204,704
     
162,918
 
                  Gross profit
   
212,116
     
204,027
     
214,106
     
203,497
     
128,454
 
 
                                       
      Operating expenses:
                                       
            Research, development and technical
   
61,373
     
58,642
     
58,035
     
51,818
     
48,150
 
            Selling and marketing 
   
27,985
     
29,516
     
29,758
     
26,885
     
22,239
 
            General and administrative 
   
46,287
     
49,345
     
45,928
     
50,783
     
40,632
 
            Purchased in-process research and development
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1,410
 
                  Total operating expenses
   
135,645
     
137,503
     
133,721
     
129,486
     
112,431
 
      Operating income
   
76,471
     
66,524
     
80,385
     
74,011
     
16,023
 
 
                                       
      Interest expense
   
3,643
     
2,309
     
155
     
233
     
365
 
      Other income (expense), net
   
1,392
     
(1,344
)
   
(1,318
)
   
(501
)
   
964
 
      Income before income taxes
   
74,220
     
62,871
     
78,912
     
73,277
     
16,622
 
      Provision for income taxes
   
22,835
     
22,045
     
27,250
     
23,819
     
5,435
 
                  Net income
 
$
51,385
   
$
40,826
   
$
51,662
   
$
49,458
   
$
11,187
 
 
                                       
Basic earnings per share
 
$
2.22
   
$
1.81
   
$
2.26
   
$
2.14
   
$
0.48
 
 
                                       
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
   
22,924
     
22,506
     
22,896
     
23,084
     
23,079
 
 
                                       
Diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.14
   
$
1.75
   
$
2.20
   
$
2.13
   
$
0.48
 
 
                                       
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
   
23,760
     
23,280
     
23,435
     
23,273
     
23,096
 
 
                                       
Cash dividends per share
 
$
-
   
$
15.00
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
 
                                       
 
                                       
 
 
As of September 30,
 
 
   
2013
     
2012*
 
   
2011
     
2010
     
2009
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
      Current assets
 
$
365,712
   
$
317,888
   
$
430,405
   
$
381,029
   
$
316,852
 
      Property, plant and equipment, net
   
111,985
     
125,020
     
130,791
     
115,811
     
122,782
 
      Other assets
   
76,809
     
74,917
     
67,033
     
74,916
     
75,510
 
            Total assets
 
$
554,506
   
$
517,825
   
$
628,229
   
$
571,756
   
$
515,144
 
 
                                       
      Current liabilities
 
$
67,500
   
$
63,219
   
$
55,550
   
$
53,330
   
$
39,536
 
      Long-term debt
   
150,937
     
161,875
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
      Other long-term liabilities
   
8,992
     
9,140
     
6,325
     
4,083
     
4,879
 
            Total liabilities
   
227,429
     
234,234
     
61,875
     
57,413
     
44,415
 
      Stockholders' equity
   
327,077
     
283,591
     
566,354
     
514,343
     
470,729
 
            Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
554,506
   
$
517,825
   
$
628,229
   
$
571,756
   
$
515,144
 
 
                                       
* In fiscal 2012, in conjunction with a new capital management initiative, we completed a leveraged recapitalization and paid a special
 
cash dividend of $15.00 per share, or $347.1 million in the aggregate. The dividend was funded with a $175.0 million term loan and
 
$172.1 million of existing Company cash balances.
                                       


 
26

 
ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" (MD&A), as well as disclosures included elsewhere in this Form 10-K, include "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  This Act provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements to encourage companies to provide prospective information about themselves so long as they identify these statements as forward-looking and provide meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ from the projected results.  All statements other than statements of historical fact we make in this Form 10-K are forward-looking.  In particular, the statements herein regarding future sales and operating results; Company and industry growth, contraction or trends; growth or contraction of the markets in which the Company participates; international events, regulatory or legislative activity, or various economic factors; product performance; the generation, protection and acquisition of intellectual property, and litigation related to such intellectual property; new product introductions; development of new products, technologies and markets; natural disasters; the acquisition of or investment in other entities; uses and investment of the Company's cash balance; financing facilities and related debt, payment of principal and interest, and compliance with covenants and other terms; the Company's capital structure; and the construction and operation of facilities by the Company; and statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words "intends", "estimates", "plans", "believes", "expects", "anticipates", "should", "could" or similar expressions, are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations and are inherently uncertain.  Our actual results may differ significantly from our expectations.  We assume no obligation to update this forward-looking information.  The section entitled "Risk Factors" describes some, but not all, of the factors that could cause these differences.

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our historical financial statements and the notes to those financial statements which are included in Item 8 of Part II of this Form 10-K.


OVERVIEW

Cabot Microelectronics Corporation ("Cabot Microelectronics'', "the Company'', "us'', "we'', or "our'') supplies high-performance polishing slurries and pads used in the manufacture of advanced integrated circuit (IC) devices within the semiconductor industry, in a process called chemical mechanical planarization (CMP).  CMP polishes surfaces at an atomic level, thereby enabling IC device manufacturers to produce smaller, faster and more complex IC devices with fewer defects.  We operate predominantly in one industry segment – the development, manufacture and sale of CMP consumables.  We develop, produce and sell CMP slurries for polishing many of the conducting and insulating materials used in IC devices, and also for polishing the disk substrates and magnetic heads used in hard disk drives.  We also develop, manufacture and sell CMP polishing pads, which are used in conjunction with slurries in the CMP process.  We also pursue other demanding surface modification applications through our Engineered Surface Finishes (ESF) business where we believe we can leverage our expertise in CMP consumables for the semiconductor industry to develop products for demanding polishing applications in other industries.

Our fiscal 2013 results reflected a strengthening of demand for our products during the second half of the fiscal year after the soft industry demand conditions we saw during the first half of the fiscal year, which was similar the demand pattern we experienced in fiscal 2012.  The semiconductor industry saw continuation of the trend of a significant shift in demand from semiconductor devices for personal computers (PCs) to those for mobile internet devices (MIDs), specifically, consumer products such as smart phones and tablets.  In addition, over this same period, the semiconductor industry has experienced slower growth than in the past.  Given the increased importance of the consumer-based MID demand, the semiconductor industry appears to have demonstrated more seasonality around consumer-oriented "back to school" and "holiday" calendar periods in recent years.  It also appears that as the semiconductor industry continues to consolidate, capital spending within the industry is becoming more concentrated among fewer and larger semiconductor manufacturers, which seems to be resulting in more rational addition of production capacity, and, in turn, less cyclicality within the industry.  Since we serve the entire semiconductor market, fluctuations in demand for our products have generally reflected overall industry activity.  Our results over the last two fiscal years have demonstrated these trends as we have experienced relatively slow growth with more seasonal swings in demand.  There are many factors that make it difficult for us to predict future revenue trends for our business, including those discussed in Part I, Item 1A entitled "Risk Factors" in this Form 10-K.

27

 
Revenue for fiscal 2013 was $433.1 million, which represented an increase of 1.3% from $427.7 million reported for fiscal 2012.  The increase in revenue from fiscal 2012 was driven by a higher-priced product mix, partially offset by foreign exchange rate changes, primarily due to the weakening of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar.  We experienced increased sales of our slurries for polishing aluminum and dielectrics.  These increases were partially offset by decreased sales of our tungsten slurry, ESF and polishing pads product lines.  Revenue generated from polishing pads decreased in fiscal 2013, although we increased the actual number of pads sold.  The decrease in revenue was due to competitive pricing pressure and customer efficiencies in certain customers' use of our pads, combined with the slow pace of new business wins.

Gross profit expressed as a percentage of revenue for fiscal 2013 was 49.0%, which represents an increase from the 47.7% reported for fiscal 2012, and was above the upper end of our full year guidance range of 46% to 48% of revenue.  The increase in gross profit percentage from fiscal 2012 was primarily due to the favorable impact of the weaker Japanese yen and lower fixed manufacturing costs.  We are increasing our gross profit guidance for full fiscal year 2014 to be in the range of 48% to 50% of revenue.  However, we may experience fluctuations in our gross profit due to a number of factors, including the extent to which we utilize our manufacturing capacity, foreign exchange fluctuations and changes in our product mix, which may cause our quarterly gross profit to be above or below this range.

Operating expenses of $135.6 million, which include research, development and technical, selling and marketing, and general and administrative expenses, decreased 1.4%, or $1.9 million, from the $137.5 million reported for fiscal 2012.  The decrease was primarily due to the absence of bad debt expense related to a customer bankruptcy that we reported in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 and costs associated with our fiscal 2012 leveraged recapitalization with a special cash dividend, as well as lower depreciation expense.  These decreases were partially offset by higher staffing-related costs, including costs associated with our annual incentive cash bonus program (AIP).  In fiscal 2014, we are lowering our full year guidance range for operating expenses to be in the range of $131 million to $135 million.

Diluted earnings per share of $2.14 in fiscal 2013 increased 22.3%, or $0.39, from $1.75 reported in fiscal 2012.  The increase was primarily due to a higher gross profit margin, a lower effective tax rate, a favorable impact of the weaker Japanese yen reflected in other income and higher sales.  The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to the reinstatement of the U.S. research and experimentation tax credit and our election in the third quarter of fiscal 2013 to permanently reinvest the earnings of our subsidiaries in Japan and South Korea.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

This MD&A, as well as disclosures included elsewhere in this Form 10-K, are based upon our audited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.  The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingencies.  On an ongoing basis, we evaluate the estimates used, including those related to bad debt expense, warranty obligations, inventory valuation, valuation and classification of auction rate securities, impairment of long-lived assets and investments, business combinations, goodwill, other intangible assets, share-based compensation, income taxes and contingencies.  We base our estimates on historical experience, current conditions and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources, as well as for identifying and assessing our accounting treatment with respect to commitments and contingencies.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.  We believe the following critical accounting policies involve significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

28

 
ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the potential inability of our customers to make required payments.  Our allowance for doubtful accounts is based on historical collection experience, adjusted for any specific known conditions or circumstances.  While historical experience may provide a reasonable estimate of uncollectible accounts, actual results may differ from what was recorded.  In fiscal 2012, we recorded $3.7 million in bad debt expense for Elpida Memory, Inc. (Elpida), a significant customer in Japan that filed for bankruptcy protection in February 2012.  Pursuant to its approved bankruptcy plan, Elpida will pay us approximately 17% of the balance owed over a period of seven years.  Consequently, we charged off approximately 83% of the Elpida accounts receivable balance against the related allowance for doubtful accounts during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.    We will continue to monitor the financial solvency of all of our customers and, if global economic conditions weaken, we may have to record additional increases to our allowance for doubtful accounts.  As of September 30, 2013, our allowance for doubtful accounts represented 2.7% of gross accounts receivable.  If we had increased our estimate of bad debts to 3.7% of gross accounts receivable, our general and administrative expenses would have increased by $0.5 million.

WARRANTY RESERVE

We maintain a warranty reserve that reflects management's best estimate of the cost to replace product that does not meet our specifications and customers' performance requirements, and costs related to such replacement.  The warranty reserve is based upon a historical product replacement rate, adjusted for any specific known conditions or circumstances.  Should actual warranty costs differ substantially from our estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability may be required.  As of September 30, 2013, our warranty reserve represented 0.3% of the current quarter revenue.  If we had increased our warranty reserve estimate to 1.3% of the current quarter revenue, our cost of goods sold would have increased by $1.2 million.

INVENTORY VALUATION

We value inventory at the lower of cost or market and write down the value of inventory for estimated obsolescence or if inventory is deemed unmarketable.  An inventory reserve is maintained based upon a historical percentage of actual inventories written off applied against the inventory value at the end of the period, adjusted for known conditions and circumstances.  We exercise judgment in estimating the amount of inventory that is obsolete.  Should actual product marketability and fitness for use be affected by conditions that are different from those projected by management, revisions to the estimated inventory reserve may be required.  If we had increased our reserve for obsolete inventory at September 30, 2013 by 10%, our cost of goods sold would have increased by $0.2 million.

VALUATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF AUCTION RATE SECURITIES

As of September 30, 2013, we owned two auction rate securities (ARS) with an estimated fair value of $8.0 million ($8.2 million par value) which are classified as other long-term assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.  In general, ARS investments are securities with long-term nominal maturities for which interest rates are reset through a Dutch auction every seven to 35 days.  Historically, these periodic auctions provided a liquid market for these securities.  Beginning in 2008, general uncertainties in the global credit markets reduced liquidity in the ARS market, and this illiquidity continues.

29

 
As discussed in Notes 3 and 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we have recorded a temporary impairment of $0.2 million, net of tax, in the value of one of our ARS in other comprehensive income.  The calculation of fair value and the balance sheet classification for our ARS requires critical judgments and estimates by management, including an appropriate discount rate and the probabilities that a security may be monetized through a future successful auction, of a refinancing of the underlying debt, of a default in payment by the issuer, and of payments not being made by the bond insurance carrier in the event of default by the issuer.  An other-than-temporary impairment must be recorded when a credit loss exists; that is when the present value of the expected cash flows from a debt security is less than the amortized cost basis of the security.  We performed two discounted cash flow analyses, one using a discount rate based on a market index comprised of tax exempt variable rate demand obligations and one using a discount rate based on the LIBOR swap curve, and we applied a risk factor to reflect current liquidity issues in the ARS market.  Key inputs to our discounted cash flow model include projected cash flows from interest and principal payments and the weighted probabilities of improved liquidity or debt refinancing by the issuer.  We also incorporate certain Level 2 market indices into the discounted cash flow analysis, including published rates such as the LIBOR rate, the LIBOR swap curve and a municipal swap index published by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association.  We also considered the probability of default in payment by the issuer of the securities, the strength of the insurance backing and the probability of failure by the insurance carrier in the case of default by the issuer of the securities.  In November 2011, the municipality that issued our impaired ARS filed for bankruptcy protection.  We considered these developments, in light of the continued insurance backing, and have concluded the impairment we have maintained remains adequate and temporary.  We do not intend to sell the securities at a loss and we believe we will not be required to sell the securities at a loss in the future.  If auctions involving our ARS continue to fail, if issuers of our ARS are unable to refinance the underlying securities, if the issuing municipalities are unable to pay their debt obligations and the bond insurance fails, or if credit ratings decline or other adverse developments occur in the credit markets, we may not be able to monetize our securities in the near term and may be required to further adjust the carrying value of these instruments through an impairment charge that may be deemed other-than-temporary.

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS AND INVESTMENTS

We assess the recoverability of the carrying value of long-lived assets, including finite lived intangible assets, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets may be impaired.  We must exercise judgment in assessing whether an event of impairment has occurred.  For purposes of recognition and measurement of an impairment loss, long-lived assets are grouped with other assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities.  We must exercise judgment in this grouping.  If the sum of the undiscounted future cash flows expected to result from the identified asset group is less than the carrying value of the asset group, an impairment provision may be required.  The amount of the impairment to be recognized is calculated by subtracting the fair value of the asset group from the net book value of the asset group.  Determining future cash flows and estimating fair values require significant judgment and are highly susceptible to change from period to period because they require management to make assumptions about future sales and cost of sales generally over a long-term period.  As a result of assessments performed during fiscal 2013, we recorded $0.2 million in impairment expense.  In fiscal 2012, we recorded impairment expense of $1.0 million, primarily related to the decision to write-off certain operational assets at one of our foreign locations.  In fiscal 2011, we recorded $0.2 million in impairment expense.

We evaluate the estimated fair value of investments annually or more frequently if indicators of potential impairment exist, to determine if an other-than-temporary impairment in the value of the investment has taken place.

30

 
BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

We have accounted for all business combinations under the purchase method of accounting.  As discussed in more detail in Note 3 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, we were required to adopt new accounting standards for business combinations commencing after October 1, 2009.  However, we have not made any acquisitions to which we were required to apply these new standards.  We have allocated the purchase price of acquired entities to the tangible and intangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and in-process research and development (IPR&D) based on their estimated fair values.  We engage independent third-party appraisal firms to assist us in determining the fair values of assets and liabilities acquired.  This valuation requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to long-lived and intangible assets.  Contingent consideration was recorded as a liability when the outcome of the contingency became determinable.  Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets and amounts assigned to identifiable intangible assets.  Purchased IPR&D, for which technological feasibility has not yet been established and no future alternative uses exist, has been expensed immediately.

Critical estimates in valuing certain of the intangible assets include but are not limited to: future expected cash flows related to acquired developed technologies and patents and assumptions about the period of time the technologies will continue to be used in the Company's product portfolio; expected costs to develop the IPR&D into commercially viable products and estimated cash flows from the products when completed; and discount rates.  Management's estimates of value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable.  Assumptions may be incomplete or inaccurate, and unanticipated events and circumstances may occur which may cause actual realized values to be different from management's estimates.

GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Purchased intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are evaluated for impairment using a process similar to that used to evaluate other long-lived assets.  Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are not amortized and are tested annually in the fourth fiscal quarter or more frequently if indicators of potential impairment exist, using a fair-value-based approach.

The recoverability of goodwill is measured at the reporting unit level, which is defined as either an operating segment or one level below an operating segment.  A component is a reporting unit when the component constitutes a business for which discreet financial information is available and segment management regularly reviews the operating results of the component.  Components may be combined into one reporting unit when they have similar economic characteristics.  We had three reporting units to which we allocated goodwill and intangible assets as of September 30, 2013, the date of our annual impairment test.  Initially, our Company had only one reporting unit and we identified associated goodwill and intangible assets under one reporting unit at that time.  Other amounts of goodwill and intangible assets have been attributed to acquired businesses at the time of acquisition through the use of independent appraisal firms.

Prior to fiscal 2011, we determined the fair value of our reporting units using a discounted cash flow analysis ("step one" analysis) of our projected future results.  Effective September 30, 2011, we adopted new accounting pronouncements related to our goodwill impairment analysis.  The new accounting guidance allows an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount ("step zero" analysis).  In fiscal 2012 and 2011, we used this new guidance in our annual impairment analysis for goodwill because our cash flows for all of our reporting units continued to show positive trends.  We periodically refresh our step one analysis, so, in fiscal 2013, we used the step one analysis to determine the fair value of our reporting units.

31

 
Prior to fiscal 2012, the recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets was measured using the royalty savings method.  Effective September 30, 2012, we adopted new accounting pronouncements related to our indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment review.  The new accounting guidance allows an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset unit is less than its carrying amount.  In fiscal 2012, we used this new guidance in our annual impairment review.  We periodically update our future business projections.  Consequently, in fiscal 2013, we again used the royalty savings method to determine the recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets.

Factors requiring significant judgment include assumptions related to future growth rates, discount factors, royalty rates and tax rates, among others.  Changes in economic and operating conditions that occur after the annual impairment analysis or an interim impairment analysis that impact these assumptions may result in future impairment charges.  As a result of the review performed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we determined that there was no impairment of our goodwill and intangible assets as of September 30, 2013.

SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We record share-based compensation expense for all share-based awards, including stock option grants, restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards and employee stock purchases.  We calculate share-based compensation expense using the straight-line approach based on awards ultimately expected to vest, which requires the use of an estimated forfeiture rate.  Our estimated forfeiture rate is primarily based on historical experience, but may be revised in future periods if actual forfeitures differ from the estimate.  We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to estimate the grant date fair value of our stock options and employee stock purchase plan purchases.  This model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the price volatility of the underlying stock, the expected term of our stock options and the risk-free interest rate.  We estimate the expected volatility of our stock options based on a combination of our stock's historical volatility and the implied volatilities from actively-traded options on our stock.  We calculate the expected term of our stock options using historical stock option exercise data, and we add a slight premium to this expected term for employees who meet the definition of retirement eligible pursuant to their grants during the contractual term of the grant.  The risk-free rate is derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

The fair value of our restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards represents the closing price of our common stock on the date of award.

ACCOUNTING FOR INCOME TAXES

Current income taxes are determined based on estimated taxes payable or refundable on tax returns for the current year.  Deferred income taxes are determined using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  Provisions are made for both U.S. and any foreign deferred income tax liability or benefit.  We recognize the tax benefit of an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.  In fiscal 2012 and 2011, we elected to permanently reinvest the earnings of certain of our foreign subsidiaries outside the U.S. rather than repatriating the earnings to the U.S.  In fiscal 2013, we elected to permanently reinvest the earnings of all of our foreign subsidiaries.  See the section titled "Liquidity and Capital Resources" in this MD&A and Note 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on income taxes and permanent reinvestment.

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

We have entered into certain unconditional purchase obligations, which include noncancelable purchase commitments and take-or-pay arrangements with suppliers.  We review our agreements on a quarterly basis and make an assessment of the likelihood of a shortfall in purchases and determine if it is necessary to record a liability.  In addition, we are subject to the possibility of various loss contingencies arising in the ordinary course of business, such as a legal proceeding or claim.  An estimated loss contingency is accrued when it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.  We regularly evaluate current information available to us to determine whether such accruals should be adjusted and whether new accruals are required.

32

 
EFFECTS OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of recent accounting pronouncements including the expected dates of adoption and effects on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage of revenue of certain line items included in our historical statements of income:

 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
   
 
Revenue
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
   
100.0
%
Cost of goods sold
   
51.0
     
52.3
     
51.9
 
Gross profit
   
49.0
     
47.7
     
48.1
 
 
                       
Research, development and technical
   
14.2
     
13.7
     
13.1
 
Selling and marketing
   
6.5
     
6.9
     
6.7
 
General and administrative
   
10.7
     
11.6
     
10.3
 
Operating income
   
17.6
     
15.5
     
18.0
 
Interest expense
   
0.8
     
0.5
     
0.0
 
Other income (expense), net
   
0.3
     
(0.3
)
   
(0.3
)
Income before income taxes
   
17.1
     
14.7
     
17.7
 
Provision for income taxes
   
5.2
     
5.2
     
6.1
 
 
                       
Net income
   
11.9
%
   
9.5
%
   
11.6
%

The results of operations for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013 include certain adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which we have determined to be immaterial to the current period and the prior periods to which they relate.  These adjustments included the correction of a foreign deferred tax asset recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and the correction of additional historical tax accounting recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.  The correction of the foreign tax asset related to the reversal of a $1.7 million deferred tax asset for cumulative net operating losses (NOLs) associated with our facility in South Korea since its opening in 2011, as these NOLs are expected to be consumed during periods a tax holiday is in effect.  Additional tax accounting corrections resulted in a reduction of income tax expense of $0.4 million and adjustments to the Consolidated Balance Sheet including: an increase of $0.8 million in deferred tax assets; an increase of $0.8 million in additional paid-in capital; a decrease of $0.3 million in income taxes payable; and a decrease of $0.1 million in deferred tax liabilities.  Collectively, these adjustments reduced net income for fiscal 2013 by $1.3 million and diluted earnings per share for the same period by approximately $0.05.


YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2013, VERSUS YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012

REVENUE

Revenue was $433.1 million in fiscal 2013, which represented an increase of 1.3%, or $5.5 million, from fiscal 2012.  The increase in revenue was primarily due to an $11.8 million increase from a higher-priced product mix, partially offset by a $5.9 million decrease due to the effect of foreign exchange rate changes, primarily due to the weakening of the Japanese yen.  We saw increases in sales of our slurries for polishing aluminum and in our dielectrics slurry product line, partially offset by decreases in revenue in our tungsten slurry, ESF and polishing pads product lines.  Similar to fiscal 2012, we saw a strengthening of demand in the second half of fiscal 2013 after a period of softer demand during the first half of the fiscal year.  We continue to be cautious regarding future demand trends due to uncertainty within the semiconductor industry, compounded by continued macroeconomic uncertainty.
33



COST OF GOODS SOLD

Total cost of goods sold was $221.0 million in fiscal 2013, which represented a decrease of 1.2%, or $2.6 million, from fiscal 2012.  The decrease in cost of goods sold was primarily due to a $7.1 million decrease due to the effects of foreign exchange rate changes, primarily due to the weakening of the Japanese yen, a $4.7 million decrease in variable manufacturing costs and $3.2 million in lower fixed manufacturing costs.  These decreases in cost of goods sold were partially offset by a $13.7 million increase due to a higher-cost product mix.

Engineered abrasive particles are significant raw materials that we use in many of our CMP slurries.  In an effort to mitigate our risk to rising raw material costs and to increase supply assurance and quality performance requirements, we have entered into multi-year supply agreements with a number of suppliers.  For more information about our supply contracts, see "Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations" included in Item 7 of Part II of this Form 10-K.

Our need for additional quantities or different kinds of key raw materials in the future has required, and will continue to require, that we enter into new supply arrangements with third parties.  Future arrangements may result in costs which are different from those in the existing agreements.  For example, we currently expect higher cost of goods sold on a transitional basis associated with a new contract with an existing supplier.  In addition, a number of factors could impact the future cost of raw materials, packaging, freight and labor.  We also expect to continue to invest in our supply chain to improve product quality, reduce variability and improve our manufacturing product yields.


GROSS PROFIT

Our gross profit as a percentage of revenue was 49.0% in fiscal 2013 as compared to 47.7% for fiscal 2012, and was above our full year guidance range of 46% to 48%.  The increase in gross profit as a percentage of revenue was primarily due to the favorable impact of the weaker Japanese yen and lower fixed manufacturing costs.  We expect our gross profit percentage for full fiscal year 2014 to be in the range of 48% to 50%.  However, we may experience fluctuations in our gross profit due to a number of factors, including the extent to which we utilize our manufacturing capacity, foreign exchange fluctuations and changes in our product mix, which may cause our quarterly gross profit to be above or below this range.


RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNICAL

Total research, development and technical expenses were $61.4 million in fiscal 2013, which represented an increase of 4.7%, or $2.7 million, from fiscal 2012.  The increase was primarily due to $4.9 million in higher staffing-related costs, including costs associated with our AIP, partially offset by $1.7 million lower depreciation expense and $0.3 million in lower product sample costs.

Our research, development and technical efforts are focused on the following main areas:

·
Research related to fundamental CMP technology;
·
Development and formulation of new and enhanced CMP consumable products, including collaboration on joint development projects with key customers;
·
Process development to support rapid and effective commercialization of new products;
·
Technical support of CMP products in our customers' development and manufacturing facilities; and,
·
Evaluation and development of new polishing and metrology applications outside of the semiconductor industry.


34

 
SELLING AND MARKETING

Selling and marketing expenses were $28.0 million in fiscal 2013, which represented a decrease of 5.2%, or $1.5 million, from fiscal 2012.  The decrease was primarily due to $0.8 million in lower travel-related costs and $0.2 million in lower staffing-related costs.


GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE

General and administrative expenses were $46.3 million in fiscal 2013, which represented a decrease of 6.2%, or $3.1 million, from fiscal 2012.  The decrease was primarily due to the absence of $3.7 million in bad debt expense related to a customer bankruptcy recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2012, and $2.7 million in lower professional fees, including the absence of fees we incurred in fiscal 2012 associated with our leveraged recapitalization with a special cash dividend.  These decreases were partially offset by $3.4 million in higher staffing-related costs, including costs associated with our AIP.

INTEREST EXPENSE

Interest expense was $3.6 million in fiscal 2013, which represented an increase of $1.3 million from fiscal 2012.  The increase was due to a full year of interest expense in fiscal 2013 recorded on the term loan we entered into in fiscal 2012 to partially fund the special cash dividend we paid in fiscal 2012, compared to seven months of interest expense in fiscal 2012.


OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET

Other income was $1.4 million in fiscal 2013 compared to other expense of $1.3 million in fiscal 2012.  The increase in other income was due to the impact of foreign currency fluctuations on monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency, primarily related to the weakening of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar.  The increase in other income is net of gains and losses incurred on forward foreign exchange contracts discussed in Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

Our effective income tax rate was 30.8% in fiscal 2013 compared to 35.1% in fiscal 2012.  The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to the reinstatement of the U.S. research and experimentation tax credit, retroactively effective January 1, 2012, as the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 was signed into law on January 2, 2013, and a $1.8 million decrease in income tax expense related to our election to permanently reinvest the earnings of our subsidiaries in Japan and South Korea.  We recorded approximately $0.9 million in discrete income tax benefits related to fiscal 2012 research and experimentation expenses in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 and we recorded $1.5 million in tax benefits for full fiscal year 2013, subject to actual qualified research and development spending as defined by the law.  These decreases in our effective tax rate during fiscal 2013 were partially offset by the recognition of a $1.7 million foreign tax adjustment related to net operating losses associated with our facility in South Korea, as discussed above at the beginning of the "Results of Operations" section of this MD&A, and the recognition of a $1.0 million valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to a past equity investment in an entity that was legally dissolved during the quarter ended March 31, 2013.  As discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012, our income tax provision in fiscal 2012 included various non-material adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which resulted in additional income tax expense of $1.0 million.


NET INCOME

Net income was $51.4 million in fiscal 2013, which represented an increase of 25.9%, or $10.6 million, from fiscal 2012.  The increase was primarily due to a higher gross profit percentage, a lower effective tax rate, the favorable impact of the weaker Japanese yen reflected in other income and higher sales.


35

 
YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012, VERSUS YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2011

REVENUE

Revenue was $427.7 million in fiscal 2012, which represented a decrease of 4.0%, or $17.8 million, from fiscal 2011.  The decrease in revenue was driven by a $29.3 million decrease in sales volume and a $6.1 million decrease due to pricing impacts.  These decreases were partially offset by a $16.1 million increase in revenue due to a higher-priced product mix and a $1.3 million increase due to the effect of foreign exchange rate changes.  Revenue from our polishing pad business increased 8.6% from fiscal 2011 and revenue from our ESF business increased slightly.  Revenue in fiscal 2012 from our tungsten, dielectric, copper and data storage slurry product lines all decreased from fiscal 2011.  We saw a strengthening of demand in the second half of fiscal 2012 after a period of softer demand during the first half of the fiscal year.


COST OF GOODS SOLD

Total cost of goods sold was $223.6 million in fiscal 2012, which represented a decrease of 3.3%, or $7.7 million, from fiscal 2011.  The decrease in cost of goods sold was primarily due to $15.2 million from decreased sales volume, an $8.4 million decrease due to higher manufacturing yields, and a $1.9 million decrease due to lower logistics costs.  These decreases in cost of goods sold were partially offset by a $11.5 million increase due to a higher-cost product mix, a $4.4 million increase due to higher fixed manufacturing costs, including costs at our facility in South Korea, and a $1.5 million increase due to the effect of foreign exchange rate changes.


GROSS PROFIT

Our gross profit as a percentage of revenue was 47.7% in fiscal 2012 as compared to 48.1% for fiscal 2011.  The decrease in gross profit as a percentage of revenue was primarily due to higher fixed manufacturing costs, pricing impacts and decreased sales and production volumes, partially offset by lower variable manufacturing costs and higher manufacturing yields.


RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNICAL

Total research, development and technical expenses were $58.6 million in fiscal 2012, which represented an increase of 1.0%, or $0.6 million, from fiscal 2011.  The increase was primarily due to $1.5 million in higher expenses for research and development materials and $0.5 million in higher sample costs, partially offset by $1.6 million in lower staffing-related costs, including costs related to our AIP.


SELLING AND MARKETING

Selling and marketing expenses were $29.5 million in fiscal 2012, which represented a decrease of 0.8%, or $0.2 million, from fiscal 2011.  The decrease was primarily due to $0.5 million in lower depreciation and amortization expense and $0.3 million in lower professional fees, partially offset by $0.4 million in higher staffing related costs.


GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE

General and administrative expenses were $49.3 million in fiscal 2012, which represented an increase of 7.4%, or $3.4 million, from fiscal 2011.  The increase was primarily due to $3.8 million in higher bad debt expense, of which $3.7 million related to a customer bankruptcy filing, and $1.5 million in higher professional fees, including fees associated with our leveraged recapitalization with a special cash dividend.  These increases were partially offset by $1.8 million in lower staffing-related costs, including costs associated with our AIP.

36


INTEREST EXPENSE

Interest expense was $2.3 million in fiscal 2012, which represented an increase of $2.2 million from fiscal 2011.  The increase was due to interest expense recorded on the term loan, as discussed in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, which was used to partially fund the special cash dividend we paid in fiscal 2012.


OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET

Other expense was $1.3 million in both fiscal 2012 and 2011.  Other expense includes $0.3 million in amortization of prepaid debt costs as well as gains and losses on transactions denominated in foreign currencies, primarily related to changes in the exchange rate of the Japanese yen and the New Taiwan dollar to the U.S. dollar, net of the gains and losses incurred on forward foreign exchange contracts discussed in Note 10 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

Our effective income tax rate was 35.1% in fiscal 2012 compared to 34.5% in fiscal 2011.  The increase in the effective tax rate was primarily due the expiration of the U.S. research and experimentation tax credit effective December 31, 2011, decreased income in certain foreign subsidiaries where we have elected to permanently reinvest earnings, which are taxed at lower rates than in the U.S., and certain adjustments made to prior year tax estimates.  These increases were partially offset by decreased tax effects on share-based compensation and the decreased taxable executive compensation in excess of limits defined in section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code.  As discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012, our income tax provision in fiscal 2012 included various non-material adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which resulted in additional income tax expense of $1.0 million.  As discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011, our income tax provision in fiscal 2011 included adjustments to correct prior period amounts, including $0.7 million in tax expense related to executive compensation in fiscal 2008 through 2010 for which a previous tax benefit should not have been recorded, and the reversal of a $0.5 million deferred tax asset related to certain share-based compensation expense.


NET INCOME

Net income was $40.8 million in fiscal 2012, which represented a decrease of 21.0%, or $10.8 million, from fiscal 2011.  The decrease was primarily due to decreased sales volume coupled with a lower gross profit percentage, increased bad debt expense related to a customer bankruptcy filing, the expenses associated with our leveraged recapitalization with a special cash dividend, increased interest expense and a higher effective tax rate.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

As discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012, we completed a leveraged recapitalization during our fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2012.  In conjunction with this recapitalization, we declared and paid a special cash dividend of $15 per share, or $347.1 million in aggregate.  We funded the dividend with $175.0 million from our Term Loan and $172.1 million of existing Company cash balances.

We had cash flows from operating activities of $85.5 million in fiscal 2013, $66.4 million in fiscal 2012 and $93.6 million in fiscal 2011.  Our cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2013 represented $84.6 million in net income plus non-cash items and a $0.9 million increase in cash flow due to a net decrease in working capital.  The increase in cash from operations in fiscal 2013 from fiscal 2012 was primarily due to increased net income and decreases in working capital amounts associated with lower inventories and higher accrued liabilities.  The decrease in inventories was primarily due to raw material purchases made in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012 associated with a new supply agreement with an existing supplier, which did not repeat in fiscal 2013.  The increase in accrued liabilities was primarily due to increased accruals for compensation, including costs associated with our AIP.

37

 
We used $14.6 million in investing activities in fiscal 2013 representing purchases of property, plant and equipment.  We used $19.7 million in investing activities in fiscal 2012 of which $19.6 million represented purchases of property, plant and equipment.  Capital expenditures in fiscal 2012 included the completion of payment for the fiscal 2011 construction of our facility in South Korea.  We used $28.2 million in investing activities in fiscal 2011 of which $28.1 million was for purchases of property, plant and equipment.  Capital expenditures in fiscal 2011 included the majority of costs associated with the construction of our facility in South Korea and capacity expansions of our Japan and Singapore facilities, net of the amounts that remained in accounts payable and accrued expenses at the end of the fiscal year.  We estimate that our total capital expenditures in fiscal 2014 will be approximately $15 million.

In fiscal 2013, cash flows used in financing activities were $20.2 million.  We used $40.0 million to repurchase common stock under our share repurchase program and $1.3 million to repurchase common stock pursuant to the terms of our Second Amended and Restated Cabot Microelectronics Corporation 2000 Equity Incentive Plan (EIP) and our 2012 Omnibus Incentive Plan (OIP) for shares withheld from award recipients to cover payroll taxes on the vesting of restricted stock granted under our EIP and OIP.  We also used $10.9 million to repay long-term debt.  We received $30.9 million from the issuance of common stock related to the exercise of stock options granted under our EIP and the sale of shares to employees under our 2007 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended and restated September 23, 2013 (ESPP), and we received $1.1 million in tax benefits related to exercises of stock options and vesting of restricted stock granted under our EIP and OIP.  In fiscal 2012, cash flows used in financing activities were $171.7 million.  We used $347.1 million to fund the special cash dividend paid in the quarter ended March 31, 2012, $33.0 million to repurchase common stock under our share repurchase program, $2.2 million to repay long-term debt and $1.5 million to repurchase common stock pursuant to the terms of our EIP and our OIP for shares withheld from award recipients to cover payroll taxes on the vesting of restricted stock granted under our EIP and OIP.  We received $175.0 million from the drawdown of our Term Loan, $36.5 million from the issuance of common stock related to the exercise of stock options granted under our EIP and the sale of shares to employees under our ESPP, and we received $0.6 million in tax benefits related to exercises of stock options and vesting of restricted stock granted under our EIP.  In fiscal 2011, cash flows used in financing activities were $17.9 million.  We used $54.1 million to repurchase common stock under our share repurchase program, $1.4 million to repurchase common stock pursuant to the terms of our EIP for shares withheld from award recipients to cover payroll taxes on the vesting of restricted stock granted under the EIP, and we made $1.3 million in principal payments under capital lease obligations.  These cash outflows were partially offset by $38.1 million received from the issuance of common stock related to the exercise of stock options granted under our EIP and the sale of shares to employees under our ESPP.  In addition, we received $0.8 million in tax benefits related to stock options exercised and vesting of restricted stock awarded under our EIP.

In November 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to $125.0 million of our outstanding common stock, which became effective on the authorization date.  As of December 13, 2011, we had $82.9 million remaining under this share repurchase program.  In conjunction with our capital management initiative that we announced in December 2011, on December 13, 2011, our Board of Directors authorized an increase in the amount available under our share repurchase program to $150.0 million.  We repurchased 1,144,836 shares for $40.0 million in fiscal 2013, 929,407 shares for $33.0 million in fiscal 2012, and 671,100 shares for $29.1 million in fiscal 2011 under this expanded program.  As of September 30, 2013, $90.0 million remains outstanding under our share repurchase program.  Share repurchases are made from time to time, depending on market conditions, in open market transactions, at management's discretion.  We repurchased 564,568 shares for $25.0 million during fiscal 2011 under a prior share repurchase program, which was completed during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2011.  To date, we have funded share purchases under our share repurchase program from our available cash balance, and anticipate we will continue to do so.

38

 
We entered into a Credit Agreement in February 2012, which provided us with a $175.0 million Term Loan and a $100.0 million Revolving Credit Facility, with sub-limits for multicurrency borrowings, letters of credit and swing-line loans.  The Term Loan and Revolving Credit Facility are referred to as the "Credit Facilities".  The Credit Agreement provides us an uncommitted accordion feature that allows us to request the existing lenders or, if necessary, third-party financial institutions to provide additional capacity in the Revolving Credit Facility, in an amount not to exceed $75.0 million.  The Term Loan has periodic scheduled principal repayments; however, we may prepay the loan without penalty.  The Credit Facilities are scheduled to expire on February 13, 2017.  The Term Loan was drawn on February 27, 2012 and the Revolving Credit Facility remains undrawn.  In connection with the Credit Agreement, we terminated our previously existing $50.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility.  The Credit Agreement contains covenants that restrict the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to take certain actions, including, among other things and subject to certain significant exceptions: creating liens, incurring indebtedness, making investments, engaging in mergers, selling property, paying dividends or amending organizational documents.  The Credit Agreement requires us to comply with certain financial ratio maintenance covenants, including a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of 2.75 to 1.00 through June 30, 2014 and a minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.25 to 1.00.  The maximum consolidated leverage ratio decreases to 2.50 to 1.00 from July 1, 2014 through the termination of the Credit Agreement.  As of September 30, 2013, our consolidated leverage ratio was 1.47 to 1.00 and our consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio was 4.90 to 1.00.  The Credit Agreement also contains customary affirmative covenants and events of default.  We believe we are in compliance with these covenants.  See Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the Credit Agreement.

As of September 30, 2013, we had $226.0 million of cash and cash equivalents, $46.0 million of which was held in foreign subsidiaries in Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan where we have elected to permanently reinvest the earnings rather than repatriate the earnings to the U.S.  If we choose to repatriate these earnings in the future through dividends or loans to the U.S. parent company, the earnings could become subject to additional income tax expense.

We believe that our current balance of cash and long-term investments, cash generated by our operations and available borrowing capacity under our Revolving Credit Facility will be sufficient to fund our operations, expected capital expenditures, merger and acquisition activities and share repurchases for the foreseeable future.  However, in order to further expand our business, we may need to raise additional funds in the future through equity or debt financing, strategic relationships or other arrangements.  Depending on future conditions in the capital and credit markets, we could encounter difficulty securing additional financing in the type or amount necessary to pursue these objectives.


OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

At September 30, 2013 and 2012, we did not have any unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which might have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements.


TABULAR DISCLOSURE OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

The following summarizes our contractual obligations at September 30, 2013, and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods.


CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
 
   
Less Than
     
1-3
     
3-5
   
After 5
 
(In millions)
 
Total
   
1 Year
   
Years
   
Years
   
Years
 
 
 
   
                   
 
Long-term debt
 
$
161.9
   
$
10.9
   
$
37.2
   
$
113.8
   
$
-
 
Interest expense and fees on long-term debt
   
9.4
     
3.4
     
5.2
     
0.8
     
-
 
Purchase obligations
   
131.4
     
55.3
     
67.3
     
8.5
     
0.3
 
Operating leases
   
8.1
     
2.9
     
3.3
     
1.4
     
0.5
 
Other long-term liabilities *
   
7.4
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
7.4
 
Total contractual obligations
 
$
318.2
   
$
72.5
   
$
113.0
   
$
124.5
   
$
8.2
 

* We have excluded $1.6 million in deferred tax liabilities from the other long-term liability amounts presented as the deferred taxes that will be settled in cash are not known and the timing of any such payments is uncertain.
39

 
INTEREST EXPENSE AND FEES ON LONG-TERM DEBT

Interest payments on long-term debt reflect LIBOR-based floating rates in effect at September 30, 2013.  Commitment fees are based on our estimated consolidated leverage ratio in future periods.  See Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our long-term debt.

PURCHASE OBLIGATIONS

We have entered into multi-year supply agreements with Cabot Corporation, our former parent company which is not a related party, for the purchase of certain fumed metal oxides.  Prior to January 1, 2013, we were generally obligated to purchase fumed silica for at least 90% of our six-month volume forecast for certain of our slurry products, to purchase certain minimum quantities every six months, and to pay for the shortfall if we purchase less than these amounts.  This agreement expired December 31, 2012.  We entered into a new fumed silica supply agreement with Cabot Corporation that became effective as of January 1, 2013 with an initial term of four years.  This new agreement has revised pricing and requires us to purchase certain minimum quantities of fumed silica each year of the agreement, and to pay a shortfall if we purchase less than the minimum.  The purchase obligations in the table above reflect management's expectation that we will meet the minimum purchase quantities each year of the new contract.  We also operated under a fumed alumina supply agreement with Cabot Corporation, which expired in April 2013, under which we were obligated to pay certain fixed, capital and variable costs, and had certain take-or-pay obligations.  We did not pay any shortfall under this agreement.  Purchase obligations include an aggregate amount of $110.6 million of contractual commitments related to our Cabot Corporation agreement for fumed silica.

OPERATING LEASES

We lease certain vehicles, warehouse facilities, office space, machinery and equipment under cancelable and noncancelable operating leases, most of which expire within ten years of their respective commencement dates and may be renewed by us.

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

Other long-term liabilities at September 30, 2013 consist of liabilities related to our Japan retirement allowance, which represents approximately $4.7 million, our liability for future payments to be made under our Cabot Microelectronics Supplemental Employee Retirement Plan and our liability for uncertain tax positions.


40


ITEM 7A.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

EFFECT OF CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES AND EXCHANGE RATE RISK MANAGEMENT

We conduct business operations outside of the United States through our foreign operations.  Some of our foreign operations maintain their accounting records in their local currencies.  Consequently, period to period comparability of results of operations is affected by fluctuations in exchange rates.  The primary currencies to which we have exposure are the Japanese yen, the New Taiwan dollar and the Korean won.  Approximately 12% of our revenue is transacted in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.  However, we also incur expenses in foreign countries that are transacted in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which mitigates the exposure on the Consolidated Statement of Income.  We periodically enter into forward contracts in an effort to manage foreign currency exchange exposure.  However, we are unlikely to be able to hedge these exposures completely.  We do not currently enter into forward exchange contracts or other derivative instruments for speculative or trading purposes.

The significant weakening of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar in fiscal 2013 has favorably impacted our gross profit percentage and other income (expense) on our Consolidated Statement of Income and has significantly impacted accumulated other comprehensive income on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.  The weakening of the yen accounted for an approximate 100 basis point increase in our gross profit percentage for fiscal 2013 compared to fiscal 2012, as currently our yen-denominated cost of goods sold is greater than our yen-denominated revenue.  To a lesser extent, we have also seen a favorable foreign exchange impact on our yen-denominated operating expenses.  Other income has been positively impacted based on the settlement or remeasurement of receivables and payables, including intercompany loans, net of the gains and losses incurred on forward foreign exchange contracts used to hedge the yen exposure.  During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013, we recorded $13.0 million in currency translation losses, net of tax, that are included in other comprehensive income on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.  These losses primarily relate to changes in the U.S. dollar value of assets and liabilities transacted in yen when these asset and liability amounts are translated at month-end exchange rates.


MARKET RISK AND SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS RELATED TO FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE RISK

We have performed a sensitivity analysis assuming a hypothetical additional 10% adverse movement in foreign exchange rates.  As of September 30, 2013, the analysis demonstrated that such market movements would not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows over a one-year period.  Actual gains and losses in the future may differ materially from this analysis based on changes in the timing and amount of foreign currency rate movements and our actual exposures.


INTEREST RATE RISK

At September 30, 2013, we have $161.9 million in long-term debt at variable interest rates.  Assuming a hypothetical 100 basis point increase in our current variable interest rate, our interest expense would increase by approximately $0.4 million per quarter.


MARKET RISK RELATED TO INVESTMENTS IN AUCTION RATE SECURITIES

At September 30, 2013, we owned two auction rate securities (ARS) with a total estimated fair value of $8.0 million ($8.2 million par value) which were classified as other long-term assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.  Beginning in 2008, general uncertainties in the global credit markets significantly reduced liquidity in the ARS market, and this illiquidity continues.  For more information on our ARS, see  "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" in MD&A in Part II, Item 7, and Notes 3 and 7 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


 
41


 
ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE


 
 
Page
Consolidated Financial Statements:
 
 
43
 
44
 
45
 
46
 
47
 
48
 
49
 
76

Financial Statement Schedule:
 
 
77

All other schedules are omitted, because they are not required, are not applicable, or the information is included in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.

 
 
42


 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of
Cabot Microelectronics Corporation:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Cabot Microelectronics Corporation and its subsidiaries at September 30, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2013 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements.  Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).  The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A.  Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits.  We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Chicago, IL
November 20, 2013

 
43


 

CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
 
Revenue
 
$
433,131
   
$
427,657
   
$
445,442
 
 
                       
Cost of goods sold
   
221,015
     
223,630
     
231,336
 
 
                       
Gross profit
   
212,116
     
204,027
     
214,106
 
 
                       
Operating expenses:
                       
Research, development and technical
   
61,373
     
58,642
     
58,035
 
Selling and marketing
   
27,985
     
29,516
     
29,758
 
General and administrative
   
46,287
     
49,345
     
45,928
 
Total operating expenses
   
135,645
     
137,503
     
133,721
 
 
                       
Operating income
   
76,471
     
66,524
     
80,385
 
 
                       
Interest expense
   
3,643
     
2,309
     
155
 
 
                       
Other income (expense), net
   
1,392
     
(1,344
)
   
(1,318
)
Income before income taxes
   
74,220
     
62,871
     
78,912
 
 
                       
Provision for income taxes
   
22,835
     
22,045
     
27,250
 
 
                       
Net income
 
$
51,385
   
$
40,826
   
$
51,662
 
 
                       
Basic earnings per share
 
$
2.22
   
$
1.81
   
$
2.26
 
 
                       
Weighted-average basic shares outstanding
   
22,924
     
22,506
     
22,896
 
 
                       
Diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.14
   
$
1.75
   
$
2.20
 
 
                       
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding
   
23,760
     
23,280
     
23,435
 
 
                       
Dividends per share
 
$
-
   
$
15.00
   
$
-
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
44

 
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
 
Net income
 
$
51,385
   
$
40,826
   
$
51,662
 
 
                       
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
                       
Foreign currency translation adjustments
   
(13,037
)
   
6,876
     
5,490
 
Minimum pension liability adjustment
   
7
     
(537
)
   
99
 
 
                       
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
(13,030
)
   
6,339
     
5,589
 
 
                       
Comprehensive income
 
$
38,355
   
$
47,165
   
$
57,251
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 
 
45


 
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
 
ASSETS
 
   
 
Current assets:
 
   
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
226,029
   
$
178,459
 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,532 at September 30, 2013, and $4,757 at September 30, 2012
   
54,640
     
53,506
 
Inventories
   
63,786
     
66,472
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
13,598
     
12,608
 
Deferred income taxes
   
7,659
     
6,843
 
Total current assets
   
365,712
     
317,888
 
 
               
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
111,985
     
125,020
 
Goodwill
   
44,306
     
44,620
 
Other intangible assets, net
   
9,785
     
12,473
 
Deferred income taxes
   
10,291
     
5,879
 
Other long-term assets
   
12,427
     
11,945
 
Total assets
 
$
554,506
   
$
517,825
 
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
16,663
   
$
19,542
 
Current portion of long-term debt
   
10,938
     
10,937
 
Capital lease obligations
   
-
     
2
 
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities
   
39,899
     
32,738
 
Total current liabilities
   
67,500
     
63,219
 
 
               
Long-term debt, net of current portion
   
150,937
     
161,875
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1,559
     
2,017
 
Capital lease obligations, net of current portion
   
-
     
19
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
7,433
     
7,104
 
Total liabilities
   
227,429
     
234,234
 
 
               
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)
               
 
               
Stockholders' equity:
               
Common Stock: Authorized: 200,000,000 shares, $0.001 par value; Issued: 30,213,577 shares at September 30, 2013, and 28,864,527 shares at September 30, 2012
   
30
     
29
 
Capital in excess of par value of common stock
   
376,206
     
329,782
 
Retained earnings
   
180,826
     
129,441
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
17,436
     
30,466
 
Treasury stock at cost, 6,866,675 shares at September 30, 2013, and 5,682,288 shares at September 30, 2012
   
(247,421
)
   
(206,127
)
Total stockholders' equity
   
327,077
     
283,591
 
 
               
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
554,506
   
$
517,825
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 

 
46

 
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
   
   
 
Net income
 
$
51,385
   
$
40,826
   
$
51,662
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                 
Depreciation and amortization
   
20,457
     
23,545
     
23,992
 
Provision for doubtful accounts
   
173
     
3,771
     
(18
)
Share-based compensation expense
   
13,350
     
13,306
     
12,646
 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
   
(3,118
)
   
(3,523
)
   
4,934
 
Non-cash foreign exchange (gain)/loss
   
3,832
     
748
     
(212
)
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment
   
551
     
247
     
140
 
Impairment of property, plant and equipment
   
160
     
968
     
198
 
Other
   
(2,175
)
   
(925
)
   
(723
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
                       
Accounts receivable
   
(5,936
)
   
(4,622
)
   
6,623
 
Inventories
   
(1,683
)
   
(10,228
)
   
(2,816
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
   
(2,087
)
   
432
     
(658
)
Accounts payable
   
(1,359
)
   
2,026
     
(1,021
)
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other liabilities
   
11,933
     
(164
)
   
(1,181
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
85,483
     
66,407
     
93,566
 
 
                       
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Additions to property, plant and equipment
   
(14,633
)
   
(19,586
)
   
(28,052
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment
   
20
     
8
     
41
 
Purchase of intangible assets
   
-
     
(155
)
   
(200
)
Proceeds from the sale of investments
   
25
     
50
     
25
 
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(14,588
)
   
(19,683
)
   
(28,186
)
 
                       
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Dividends paid
   
-
     
(347,140
)
   
-
 
Issuance of long-term debt
   
-
     
175,000
     
-
 
Repayment of long-term debt
   
(10,937
)
   
(2,188
)
   
-
 
Repurchases of common stock
   
(41,294
)
   
(34,537
)
   
(55,499
)
Net proceeds from issuance of stock
   
30,905
     
36,497
     
38,051
 
Tax benefits associated with share-based compensation expense
   
1,148
     
636
     
830
 
Principal payments under capital lease obligations
   
(21
)
   
(11
)
   
(1,296
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(20,199
)
   
(171,743
)
   
(17,914
)
 
                       
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
   
(3,126
)
   
932
     
916
 
Increase (decrease) in cash
   
47,570
     
(124,087
)
   
48,382
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
   
178,459
     
302,546
     
254,164
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
 
$
226,029
   
$
178,459
   
$
302,546
 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
   
   
 
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
17,661
   
$
22,701
   
$
19,788
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
3,643
   
$
2,336
   
$
158
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment in accrued liabilities and accounts payable at the end of period
 
$
1,232
   
$
1,894
   
$
6,322
 
Issuance of restricted stock
 
$
5,926
   
$
6,374
   
$
6,774
 
Assets acquired under capital lease
 
$
-
   
$
20
   
$
-
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
47

 

 
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
   
   
   
Accumulated
   
   
 
 
 
   
Capital
   
   
Other
   
   
 
 
 
Common
   
In Excess
   
Retained
   
Comprehensive
   
Treasury
   
 
 
 
Stock
   
Of Par
   
Earnings
   
Income
   
Stock
   
Total
 
Balance at September 30, 2010
 
$
26
   
$
228,103
   
$
383,767
   
$
18,538
   
$
(116,091
)
 
$
514,343
 
 
                                               
Share-based compensation expense
           
12,646
                             
12,646
 
Repurchases of common stock under share repurchase plans, at cost 
                                   
(54,106
)
   
(54,106
)
Repurchases of common stock - other, at cost
                                   
(1,393
)
   
(1,393
)
Exercise of stock options
   
2
     
35,953
                             
35,955
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics restricted stock under deposit share plan  
           
145
                             
145
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan
           
1,951
                             
1,951
 
Deferred tax effect of long-term incentives
           
(700
)
                           
(700
)
Tax deduction for the exercise of stock options granted prior to the adoption of ASC 718
           
262
                             
262
 
Net income
                   
51,662
                     
51,662
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                           
5,490
             
5,490
 
Minimum pension liability adjustment
                           
99
             
99
 
 
                                               
Balance at September 30, 2011
 
$
28
   
$
278,360
   
$
435,429
   
$
24,127
   
$
(171,590
)
 
$
566,354
 
 
                                               
Share-based compensation expense, net of compensation related to dividends on unvested restricted stock
           
12,980
                             
12,980
 
Repurchases of common stock under share repurchase plans, at cost
                                   
(33,026
)
   
(33,026
)
Repurchases of common stock - other, at cost
                                   
(1,511
)
   
(1,511
)
Exercise of stock options
   
1
     
34,106
                             
34,107
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics restricted stock under deposit share plan
           
155
                             
155
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan
           
2,228
                             
2,228
 
Dividends paid, net of expected forfeitures of unvested restricted stock
                   
(346,814
)
                   
(346,814
)
Tax deduction for the exercise of stock options granted prior to the adoption of ASC 718
           
498
                             
498
 
Tax deduction for the dividend paid on unvested restricted stock, net of expected forfeitures
           
1,455
                             
1,455
 
Net income
                   
40,826
                     
40,826
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                           
6,876
             
6,876
 
Minimum pension liability adjustment
                           
(537
)
           
(537
)
 
                                               
Balance at September 30, 2012
 
$
29
   
$
329,782
   
$
129,441
   
$
30,466
   
$
(206,127
)
 
$
283,591
 
 
                                               
Share-based compensation expense
           
13,350
                             
13,350
 
Repurchases of common stock under share repurchase plans, at cost
                                   
(40,000
)
   
(40,000
)
Repurchases of common stock - other, at cost
                                   
(1,294
)
   
(1,294
)
Exercise of stock options
   
1
     
28,525
                             
28,526
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics restricted stock under deposit share plan
           
154
                             
154
 
Issuance of Cabot Microelectronics stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan
           
2,226
                             
2,226
 
Tax deduction for the exercise of stock options granted prior to the adoption of ASC 718
           
2,169
                             
2,169
 
Net income
                   
51,385
                     
51,385
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
                           
(13,037
)
           
(13,037
)
Minimum pension liability adjustment
                           
7
             
7
 
 
                                               
Balance at September 30, 2013
 
$
30
   
$
376,206
   
$
180,826
   
$
17,436
   
$
(247,421
)
 
$
327,077
 
 
                                               
 
                                               
 
       
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 

 
48

 
CABOT MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

1. BACKGROUND AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Cabot Microelectronics Corporation ("Cabot Microelectronics'', "the Company'', "us'', "we'' or "our'') supplies high-performance polishing slurries and pads used in the manufacture of advanced integrated circuit (IC) devices within the semiconductor industry, in a process called chemical mechanical planarization (CMP).  CMP polishes surfaces at an atomic level, thereby enabling IC device manufacturers to produce smaller, faster and more complex IC devices with fewer defects.    We develop, produce and sell CMP slurries for polishing many of the conducting and insulating materials used in IC devices, and also for polishing the disk substrates and magnetic heads used in hard disk drives.  We also develop, manufacture and sell CMP polishing pads, which are used in conjunction with slurries in the CMP process.  We also pursue other demanding surface modification applications through our Engineered Surface Finishes (ESF) business where we believe we can leverage our expertise in CMP consumables for the semiconductor industry to develop products for demanding polishing applications in other industries.

The audited consolidated financial statements have been prepared by us pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  We operate predominantly in one industry segment - the development, manufacture, and sale of CMP consumables.  Reclassifications of prior period amounts have been made to separate interest expense from other income (expense) to conform to the current period presentation.

Results of Operations

The results of operations for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013 include certain adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which we determined to be immaterial to the prior periods to which they relate.  These adjustments included the correction of a foreign deferred tax asset recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and the correction of additional historical tax accounting recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.  The correction of the foreign tax asset related to the reversal of a $1,686 deferred tax asset for cumulative net operating losses (NOLs) associated with our facility in South Korea since its opening in fiscal year 2011, as these NOLs are expected to be consumed during periods a tax holiday is in effect.  Additional tax accounting related corrections resulted in a reduction of income tax expense of $381 and adjustments to the Consolidated Balance Sheet including: an increase of $775 in deferred tax assets; an increase of $775 in additional paid-in capital; a decrease of $299 in income taxes payable; and a decrease of $82 in deferred tax liabilities.  Collectively, these adjustments reduced net income for fiscal 2013 by $1,305 and diluted earnings per share by approximately $0.05.

The results of operations for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012 include certain adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which we have determined to be immaterial to the current period and the prior periods to which they relate.  These adjustments included the correction of historical tax accounting related to the acquisition of Epoch Material Co., Ltd. (Epoch) in fiscal 2009 and the correction of prior period remeasurement of certain foreign cash balances into their functional currency amounts, which were recorded in the third quarter of fiscal 2012, and the correction of additional historical tax accounting recorded in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012.  The correction of tax accounting related to the Epoch acquisition resulted in additional income tax expense of $172 in the Consolidated Statement of Income and adjustments to the Consolidated Balance Sheet including: an increase of $2,172 in cumulative translation adjustment within accumulated other comprehensive income (CTA); an increase of $1,712 in goodwill; and a decrease of $288 in deferred tax liabilities.  The correction of the historical remeasurement of certain foreign cash balances resulted in $333 of additional expense ($222, net of tax) included in other income (expense) on the Consolidated Statement of Income.  Additional tax accounting related corrections resulted in additional income tax expense of $801 and adjustments to the Consolidated Balance Sheet including: a decrease of $1,104 in deferred tax liabilities; a decrease of $64 in deferred tax assets; a decrease of $891 in income tax receivable; and an increase of $950 in CTA.  Collectively, these adjustments reduced net income for fiscal 2012 by $1,195 and diluted earnings per share by approximately $0.05.
49


The results of operations for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011 include certain adjustments to correct prior period amounts, which we have determined to be immaterial to the current period and the prior periods to which they relate.  Adjustments in fiscal 2011 listed below related to: (1) $1,474 ($1,014, net of tax) in employer-paid fringe benefits for required contributions to our 401(k) Plan, Supplemental Employee Retirement Plan, and non-United States statutory pension plans as a result of our annual payment pursuant to our fiscal 2010 annual incentive cash bonus program (AIP); (2) income tax expense of $671 recorded for certain compensation in fiscal 2008 through 2010 for which a previous tax benefit should not have been recorded; (3) the reversal of a $497 deferred tax asset regarding certain share-based compensation expense which is not subject to such tax treatment; (4) our under-accrual of $290 ($199, net of tax) for payments made pursuant to the AIP as a result of the calculation of results against goals under the AIP; and (5) other immaterial corrections to deferred tax assets and liabilities that reduced our income tax expense by $101.  Collectively, these adjustments reduced net income for fiscal 2011 by $2,280 and diluted earnings per share by approximately $0.10.


2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cabot Microelectronics and its subsidiaries.  All intercompany transactions and balances between the companies have been eliminated as of September 30, 2013.

USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.  The accounting estimates that require management's most difficult and subjective judgments include, but are not limited to, those estimates related to bad debt expense, warranty obligations, inventory valuation, valuation and classification of auction rate securities, impairment of long-lived assets and investments, business combinations, goodwill, other intangible assets, share-based compensation, income taxes and contingencies.  We base our estimates on historical experience, current conditions and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances.  However, future events are subject to change and estimates and judgments routinely require adjustment.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS

We consider investments in all highly liquid financial instruments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents.  Short-term investments include securities generally having maturities of 90 days to one year.  We did not own any securities that were considered short-term as of September 30, 2013 or 2012.  See Note 3 for a more detailed discussion of other financial instruments.

ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE AND ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL ACCOUNTS

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest.  We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the potential inability of our customers to make required payments.  Our allowance for doubtful accounts is based on historical collection experience, adjusted for any specific known conditions or circumstances such as customer bankruptcies and increased risk due to economic conditions.  Uncollectible account balances are charged against the allowance when we believe that it is probable that the receivable will not be recovered.
 
 
50


 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances for doubtful accounts, was $54,640 as of September 30, 2013 and $53,506 as of September 30, 2012.  In fiscal 2012, we recorded $3,727 in bad debt expense for Elpida Memory, Inc. (Elpida), a significant customer in Japan that filed bankruptcy protection in February 2012.  Elpida has paid the Company on a current basis for all shipments made subsequent to its bankruptcy filing, and pursuant to its bankruptcy plan, will pay us approximately 17% of the balance owed over a period of seven years.    Consequently, we charged off approximately 83% of the Elpida accounts receivable balance against the related allowance for doubtful accounts during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.  Amounts charged to expense are recorded in general and administrative expenses.  A portion of our receivables and the related allowance for doubtful accounts is denominated in foreign currencies, so they are subject to forein exchange fluctuations which are included in the table below under the deductions and adjustments.  

Our allowance for doubtful accounts changed during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013 as follows:
 
Balance as of September 30, 2012
 
$
4,757
 
Amounts charged to expense
   
173
 
Deductions and adjustments
   
(3,398
)
Balance as of September 30, 2013
 
$
1,532
 


CONCENTRATION OF CREDIT RISK

Financial instruments that subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of accounts receivable.  We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers' financial conditions and generally do not require collateral to secure accounts receivable.  Our exposure to credit risk associated with nonpayment is affected principally by conditions or occurrences within the semiconductor industry and global economy.  Prior to the Elpida bankruptcy in fiscal 2012, we had not experienced significant losses relating to accounts receivable from individual customers or groups of customers.



Customers who represented more than 10% of revenue are as follows:

 
 
Year Ended September 30,
 
 
 
   
   
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
   
2011
 
 
 
   
   
 
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. (TSMC)
   
21
%
   
18
%
   
17
%
Samsung
   
13
%
   
13
%
   
10
%
 
                       

TSMC accounted for 16.7% and 17.1% of net accounts receivable at September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  Samsung accounted for 11.8% and 12.1% of net accounts receivable at September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

FAIR VALUES OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The recorded amounts of cash, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximate their fair values due to their short-term, highly liquid characteristics.  The fair value of our long-term auction rate securities (ARS) is determined through discounted cash flow analyses.  See Note 3 for a more detailed discussion of the fair value of financial instruments.
 
 
INVENTORIES

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost, determined on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis, or market.  Finished goods and work in process inventories include material, labor and manufacturing overhead costs.  We regularly review and write down the value of inventory as required for estimated obsolescence or lack of marketability.  An inventory reserve is maintained based upon a historical percentage of actual inventories written off and applied against inventory value at the end of the period, adjusted for known conditions and circumstances.

 
51

 
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost.  Depreciation is based on the following estimated useful lives of the assets using the straight-line method:

Buildings
15-25 years
Machinery and equipment
3-10 years
Furniture and fixtures
5-10 years
Information systems
3-5 years
Assets under capital leases
Lesser of term of lease or estimated useful life

Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred.  Expenditures for major renewals and betterments are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful lives.  As assets are retired or sold, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in the results of operations.  We capitalize the costs related to the design and development of software used for internal purposes; however, these costs are not material.

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS

Reviews are regularly performed to determine whether facts and circumstances exist that indicate the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable or the useful life is shorter than originally estimated.  Asset recoverability assessment begins by comparing the projected undiscounted cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their remaining lives against their respective carrying amounts.  Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets.  If assets are determined to be recoverable, but their useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the net book value of the asset is depreciated over the newly determined remaining useful life.

GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

We amortize intangible assets with finite lives over their estimated useful lives, which range from one to ten and one half  years.  Intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment using a process similar to that used to evaluate other long-lived assets.  Goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets are not amortized and are tested annually in the fourth fiscal quarter or more frequently if indicators of potential impairment exist, using a fair-value-based approach.  The recoverability of goodwill is measured at the reporting unit level, which is defined as either an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component.  A component is a reporting unit when the component constitutes a business for which discreet financial information is available and segment management regularly reviews the operating results of the component.  Components may be combined into one reporting unit when they have similar economic characteristics.  We had three reporting units to which we allocated goodwill and intangible assets as of September 30, 2013.  Goodwill impairment testing requires a comparison of the fair value of each reporting unit to the carrying value.  If the carrying value exceeds fair value, goodwill is considered impaired.  The amount of the impairment is the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and the "implied" fair value.  The fair value of the reporting unit may be determined using a discounted cash flow analysis of our projected future results.  An entity has the option to assess qualitative factors to determine if the two-step impairment test must be performed.  We elected to perform a discounted cash flow analysis in fiscal 2013 when we performed our annual impairment review of goodwill.  An entity also has the option to assess qualitative factors in its impairment review of indefinite-lived intangible assets.  However, we elected to use the royalty savings method in fiscal 2013 when we performed our impairment review of our indefinite-lived intangible assets.  We determined that goodwill and other intangible assets were not impaired as of September 30, 2013.

WARRANTY RESERVE

We maintain a warranty reserve that reflects management's best estimate of the cost to replace product that does not meet our specifications and customers' performance requirements.  The warranty reserve is based upon a historical product return rate, adjusted for any specific known conditions or circumstances.  Adjustments to the warranty reserve are recorded in cost of goods sold.

 
52

 
FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

Certain operating activities in Asia and Europe are denominated in local currency, considered to be the functional currency.  Assets and liabilities of these operations are translated using exchange rates in effect at the end of the year, and revenue and costs are translated using weighted-average exchange rates for the year.  The related translation adjustments are reported in comprehensive income in stockholders' equity.
 
FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT

We transact business in various foreign currencies, primarily the Japanese yen, the New Taiwan dollar and Korean won.  Our exposure to foreign currency exchange risks has not been significant because a large portion of our business is denominated in U.S. dollars.  However, there was a significant weakening of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar during fiscal 2013, which had some positive impact on our results of operations.  Periodically we enter into forward foreign exchange contracts in an effort to mitigate the risks associated with currency fluctuations on certain foreign currency balance sheet exposures.  Our foreign exchange contracts do not qualify for hedge accounting under the accounting rules for derivative instruments.  See Note 10 for a more detailed discussion of derivative financial instruments.

INTERCOMPANY LOAN ACCOUNTING

We maintain intercompany loan agreements with our wholly-owned subsidiary, Nihon Cabot Microelectronics K.K. ("the K.K."), under which we provided funds to the K.K. to finance the purchase of certain assets from our former Japanese branch at the time of the establishment of this subsidiary, for the purchase of land adjacent to our Geino, Japan, facility, for the construction of our Asia Pacific technology center, and for the purchase of a 300 millimeter polishing tool and related metrology equipment, all of which are part of the K.K., as well as for general business purposes.  Since settlement of the notes is expected in the foreseeable future, and our subsidiary has been consistently making timely payments on the loans, the loans are considered foreign-currency transactions.  Therefore the associated foreign exchange gains and losses are recognized as other income or expense rather than being deferred in the cumulative translation account in other comprehensive income.

We also maintain intercompany loan agreements between some of our wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries, including from Cabot Microelectronics Singapore Pte. Ltd. and Epoch Material Co., Ltd. in Taiwan to Hanguk Cabot Microelectronics, LLC in South Korea.  These loans have provided funds for the construction and operation of our research, development and manufacturing facility in South Korea.  These loans are also considered foreign currency transactions and are accounted for in the same manner as our intercompany loans to the K.K.

PURCHASE COMMITMENTS

We have entered into unconditional purchase obligations, which include noncancelable purchase commitments and take-or-pay arrangements with suppliers.  We review our agreements and make an assessment of the likelihood of a shortfall in purchases and determine if it is necessary to record a liability.

REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from CMP consumable products is recognized when title is transferred to the customer, assuming all revenue recognition criteria are met.  Title transfer generally occurs upon shipment to the customer or when inventory held on consignment is consumed by the customer, subject to the terms and conditions of the particular customer arrangement.  We have consignment agreements with a number of our customers that require, at a minimum, monthly consumption reports that enable us to record revenue and inventory usage in the appropriate period.

We market our products through distributors in a few areas of the world.  We recognize revenue upon shipment and when title is transferred to the distributor.  We do not have any arrangements with distributors that include payment terms, rights of return, or rights of exchange outside the normal course of business, or any other significant matters that we believe would impact the timing of revenue recognition.
 
 
53


 
Within our Engineered Surface Finishes (ESF) business, sales of equipment are recorded as revenue upon delivery and customer acceptance.  Amounts allocated to installation and training are deferred until those services are provided and are not material.

Revenues are reported net of any value-added tax or other such tax assessed by a governmental authority on our revenue-producing activities.

SHIPPING AND HANDLING

Costs related to shipping and handling are included in cost of goods sold.

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNICAL

Research, development and technical costs are expensed as incurred and consist primarily of staffing costs, materials and supplies, depreciation, utilities and other facilities costs.

INCOME TAXES

Current income taxes are determined based on estimated taxes payable or refundable on tax returns for the current year.  Deferred income taxes are determined using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  Provisions are made for both U.S. and any foreign deferred income tax liability or benefit.  We recognize the tax benefit of an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position.  In fiscal 2012 and 2011, we elected to permanently reinvest the earnings of certain of our foreign subsidiaries outside the U.S. rather than repatriating the earnings to the U.S.  In fiscal 2013, we elected to permanently reinvest the earnings of all of our foreign subsidiaries.  See Note 15 for additional information on income taxes.

SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We record share-based compensation expense for all share-based awards, including stock option grants, restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards and employee stock purchases.  We calculate share-based compensation expense using the straight-line approach based on awards ultimately expected to vest, which requires the use of an estimated forfeiture rate.  Our estimated forfeiture rate is primarily based on historical experience, but may be revised in future periods if actual forfeitures differ from the estimate.  We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to estimate the grant date fair value of our stock options and employee stock purchase plan purchases.  This model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the price volatility of the underlying stock, the expected term of our stock options and the risk-free interest rate.  We estimate the expected volatility of our stock options based on a combination of our stock's historical volatility and the implied volatilities from actively-traded options on our stock.  We calculate the expected term of our stock options using historical stock option exercise data, and we add a slight premium to this expected term for employees who meet the definition of retirement eligible pursuant to their grants during the contractual term of the grant.  The risk-free rate is derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

The fair value of our restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards represents the closing price of our common stock on the date of award.

For additional information regarding our share-based compensation plans, refer to Note 11.

 
54

 
EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding the effects of unvested restricted stock awards with a right to receive non-forfeitable dividends, which are considered participating securities as prescribed by the two class method under ASC Topic 260, Earnings Per Share (ASC 260).  Diluted EPS is calculated in a similar manner, but the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period is increased to include the weighted-average dilutive effect of "in-the-money" stock options and unvested restricted stock shares using the treasury stock method.

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Comprehensive income primarily differs from net income due to foreign currency translation adjustments.

EFFECTS OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) – Presentation of Comprehensive Income" (ASU 2011-05).  The provisions of ASU 2011-05 require an entity to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements.  If two separate statements are presented, the statement of other comprehensive income should immediately follow the statement of net income.  ASU 2011-05 became effective for us in the quarter ended December 31, 2012.  The adoption of ASU 2011-05 changed the way we present comprehensive income as we now present comprehensive income in a separate statement immediately following the statement of net income rather than the prior annual presentation of comprehensive income within the statement of equity and quarterly presentation of comprehensive income within the footnotes to the financial statements.

In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-02, "Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) – Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income" (ASU 2013-02).  The provisions of ASU 2013-02 require an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component.  An entity is also required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified by the respective line items of net income if the amount reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period.  For other amounts not required by U.S. GAAP to be reclassified to net income in their entirety, an entity is required to cross reference to other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP.  ASU 2013-02 became effective for us in the quarter ended March 31, 2013.  The adoption of ASU 2013-02 had no material impact on our financial statements as we did not have any material reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income.

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-11, "Income Taxes (Topic 740) – Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists" (ASU 2013-11).  The provisions of ASU 2013-11 require an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward when the related deferred tax asset is available to be utilized.  ASU 2013-11 is effective for us beginning October 1, 2014.  We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2013-11 will have a material impact on our financial statements.

 
 
55


 
3.  FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.  The FASB established a three-level hierarchy for disclosure based on the extent and level of judgment used to estimate fair value.  Level 1 inputs consist of valuations based on quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.  Level 2 inputs consist of valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an inactive market, or other observable inputs.  Level 3 inputs consist of valuations based on unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity.

The following tables present financial instruments, other than long-term debt, that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2013 and 2012.  See Note 9 for a detailed discussion of our long-term debt.  We have chosen to not measure any of our other financial instruments at fair value as we believe their carrying value approximates their fair value.  We have classified the following assets in accordance with the fair value hierarchy set forth in the applicable standards.  In instances where the inputs used to measure the fair value of an asset fall into more than one level of the hierarchy, we have classified them based on the lowest level input that is significant to the determination of the fair value.

 
September 30, 2013
 
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
Fair Value
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
226,029
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
226,029
 
Auction rate securities (ARS)
   
-
     
-
     
7,966
     
7,966
 
Other long-term investments
   
1,375
     
-
     
-
     
1,375
 
Total
 
$
227,404
   
$
-
   
$
7,966
   
$
235,370
 

 
September 30, 2012
 
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
Fair Value
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
178,459
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
178,459
 
Auction rate securities (ARS)
   
-
     
-
     
7,991
     
7,991
 
Other long-term investments
   
1,082
     
-
     
-
     
1,082
 
Total
 
$
179,541
   
$
-
   
$
7,991
   
$
187,532
 


Our cash and cash equivalents consist of various bank accounts used to support our operations and investments in institutional money-market funds which are traded in active markets.  The ARS and other long-term investments are included in other long-term assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.  The fair value of our long-term ARS is determined through two discounted cash flow analyses, one using a discount rate based on a market index comprised of tax exempt variable rate demand obligations and one using a discount rate based on the LIBOR swap curve, adding a risk factor to reflect current liquidity issues in the ARS market.  Our other long-term investments represent the fair value of investments under the Cabot Microelectronics Supplemental Employee Retirement Plan (SERP), which is a nonqualified supplemental savings plan.  The fair value of the investments is determined through quoted market prices within actively traded markets.  Although the investments are allocated to individual participants and investment decisions are made solely by those participants, the SERP has been deemed a nonqualified plan.  Consequently, the Company owns the assets and the related liability for disbursement until such time a participant makes a qualifying withdrawal.  The long-term asset and long-term liability were adjusted to $1,375 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 to reflect their fair value as of September 30, 2013.

We applied accounting standards regarding the classification and valuation of financial instruments to the valuation of our investment in ARS at September 30, 2013 and 2012.  Our ARS investments at September 30, 2013 consisted of two tax exempt municipal debt securities with a total par value of $8,200.  The ARS market began to experience illiquidity in early 2008, and this illiquidity continues.  Despite this lack of liquidity, there have been no defaults in payment of the underlying securities and interest income on these holdings continues to be received on scheduled interest payment dates.  Our ARS, when purchased, were generally issued by A-rated municipalities.  Although the credit ratings of both municipalities have been downgraded since our original investment, the ARS are credit enhanced with bond insurance and currently carry a credit rating of AA- by Standard and Poors.
 
 
56


 
Since an active market for ARS does not currently exist, we determine the fair value of these investments using a Level 3 discounted cash flow analysis and also consider other factors such as the reduced liquidity in the ARS market and nature of the insurance backing.  Key inputs to our discounted cash flow model include projected cash flows from interest and principal payments and the weighted probabilities of improved liquidity or debt refinancing by the issuer.  We also incorporate certain Level 2 market indices into the discounted cash flow analysis, including published rates such as the LIBOR rate, the LIBOR swap curve and a municipal swap index published by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the activity in fiscal 2013 for fair value measurements using level 3 inputs:

Balance as of September 30, 2012
 
$
7,991
 
Sales of ARS
   
(25
)
Balance as of September 30, 2013
 
$
7,966
 

 
Based on our fair value assessment, we determined that one ARS continues to be impaired as of September 30, 2013.  This security has a fair value of $3,016 (par value $3,250).  We assessed the impairment in accordance with the applicable standards and determined that the impairment was due to the lack of liquidity in the ARS market rather than to credit risk.  We have maintained the $234 temporary impairment that we previously recorded.  We believe that this ARS is not permanently impaired because in the event of default in payment by the issuer, we expect the insurance provider would pay interest and principal following the original repayment schedule, we successfully monetized at par value $25 of this security during our fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2013 and we do not intend to sell the security nor do we believe we will be required to sell the security before the value recovers, which may be at maturity.  We determined that the fair value of the other ARS was not impaired as of September 30, 2013.  In November 2011, the municipality that issued our impaired ARS filed for bankruptcy protection.  We considered these developments, in light of the continued insurance backing, and have concluded the impairment we have maintained remains adequate and temporary.  See Note 7 for more information on these investments.

 
4.  INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following:

 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
 
 
 
   
 
Raw materials
 
$
38,004
   
$
34,591
 
Work in process
   
5,001
     
6,333
 
Finished goods
   
20,781
     
25,548
 
Total
 
$
63,786
   
$
66,472
 


The increase in our raw materials balance at September 30, 2013 was primarily due to raw material purchases associated with a new supply agreement with an existing supplier.  The decrease in our finished goods balance at September 30, 2013 was primarily due to the increase is sales we experienced during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013.

 
 
57


 
5.  PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:

 
 
September 30,
 
 
 
2013
   
2012
 
 
 
   
 
Land
 
$
18,914
   
$
21,566
 
Buildings
   
97,542
     
101,627
 
Machinery and equipment
   
175,406
     
181,117
 
Furniture and fixtures
   
6,234
     
6,417
 
Information systems
   
26,208
     
25,346
 
Capital leases
   
-
     
66
 
Construction in progress
   
5,072
     
4,890
 
Total property, plant and equipment
   
329,376
     
341,029
 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization of assets under capital leases
   
(217,391
)
   
(216,009
)
Net property, plant and equipment
 
$
111,985
   
$
125,020
 

Depreciation expense, including amortization of assets recorded under capital leases, was $17,835, $20,863 and $21,271 for the years ended September 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

In fiscal 2012, we recorded $968 in impairment expense primarily related to the decision to write-off certain operational assets at one of our foreign locations in accordance with the applicable accounting standards for the impairment and disposal of long-lived assets.  Of this amount, $842 and $126 was included in cost of goods sold and selling and marketing expense, respectively.  Impairment expense for fiscal 2013 and 2011 was not material.

 
6.  GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill was $44,306 and $44,620 as of September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  The decrease in goodwill was due to foreign exchange fluctuations of the New Taiwan dollar.

The components of other intangible assets are as follows:

 
 
September 30, 2013
   
September 30, 2012
 
 
 
Gross Carrying
   
Accumulated
   
Gross Carrying
   
Accumulated
 
 
 
Amount
   
Amortization
   
Amount
   
Amortization
 
Other intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
   
   
   
 
Product technology
 
$
8,362
   
$
5,853
   
$
8,387
   
$
4,902
 
Acquired patents and licenses
   
8,270
     
7,196
     
8,270
     
6,775
 
Trade secrets and know-how
   
2,550
     
2,550
     
2,550
     
2,550