10-K 1 bdx2015-09x3010xk.htm 10-K 10-K
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2015
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-4802
BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New Jersey
  
22-0760120
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
1 Becton Drive
Franklin Lakes, New Jersey
(Address of principal executive offices)
  
07417-1880
(Zip code)
(201) 847-6800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
  
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $1.00
  
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨        No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer ¨
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨        No  þ
As of March 31, 2015, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $30,013,657,226.



As of October 31, 2015, 210,736,542 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held January 26, 2016 are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 



PART I
Item  1.    Business.
General
Becton, Dickinson and Company (also known as “BD”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of New Jersey in November 1906, as successor to a New York business started in 1897. BD’s executive offices are located at 1 Becton Drive, Franklin Lakes, New Jersey 07417-1880, and its telephone number is (201) 847-6800. All references in this Form 10-K to “BD” refer to Becton, Dickinson and Company and its domestic and foreign subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated by the context.
BD is a global medical technology company engaged principally in the development, manufacture and sale of medical devices, instrument systems and reagents used by healthcare institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public. We provide customer solutions that are focused on improving medication management and patient safety; supporting infection prevention practices; equipping surgical and interventional procedures; improving drug delivery; aiding anesthesiology and respiratory care; enhancing the diagnosis of infectious diseases and cancers; advancing cellular research and applications; and supporting the management of diabetes.
On March 17, 2015, BD completed the acquisition of CareFusion Corporation (“CareFusion”), a global medical technology company with a comprehensive portfolio of products in the areas of medication management, infection prevention, operating room and procedural effectiveness, and respiratory care. The CareFusion acquisition positions BD as a global leader in medication management. CareFusion product lines are included in our Medical Segment, which is discussed below.
Business Segments
BD’s operations consist of two worldwide business segments: BD Medical and BD Life Sciences. Information with respect to BD’s business segments is included in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.
BD Medical
BD Medical produces a broad array of medical devices that are used in a wide range of healthcare settings. The primary customers served by BD Medical are hospitals and clinics; physicians’ office practices; consumers and retail pharmacies; governmental and nonprofit public health agencies; pharmaceutical companies; and healthcare workers. BD Medical consists of the following business units:
Business Unit
Principal Product Lines
Diabetes Care
Syringes and pen needles for the injection of insulin and other drugs used in the treatment of diabetes.
Medication and Procedural Solutions
Needles, syringes and intravenous catheters for medication delivery (including safety-engineered and auto-disable devices); prefilled IV flush syringes; regional anesthesia needles and trays; sharps disposal containers; closed-system transfer devices; skin antiseptic products; surgical and laproscopic instrumentation; and generic prefilled injectables.
Medication Management Solutions
Intravenous medication safety and infusion therapy delivery systems, including infusion pumps and dedicated disposables; and automated medication dispensing and supply management systems.
Pharmaceutical Systems
Prefillable drug delivery systems provided to pharmaceutical companies and sold to end-users as drug/device combinations.
Respiratory Solutions
Respiratory ventilation and diagnostics equipment and consumables used during respiratory diagnostics and therapy; and consumables used for patient monitoring and anesthesia delivery.

BD Life Sciences
BD Life Sciences provides products for the safe collection and transport of diagnostics specimens, and instruments and reagent systems to detect a broad range of infectious diseases, healthcare-associated infections (“HAIs”) and cancers. In addition, BD Life Sciences produces research and clinical tools that facilitate the study of cells, and the components of cells, to gain a better understanding of normal and disease processes. That information is used to aid the discovery and development of new drugs and vaccines, and to improve the diagnosis and management of diseases. The primary customers served by BD Life Sciences are hospitals, laboratories and clinics; blood banks; healthcare workers; public health agencies; physicians’ office practices; academic and government institutions; and pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. BD Life Sciences consists of the following business units:

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Business Unit
Principal Product Lines
Preanalytical Systems
Integrated systems for specimen collection; safety-engineered blood collection products and systems.
Diagnostic Systems
Automated blood culturing and tuberculosis culturing systems; molecular testing systems for infectious diseases and women’s health; microorganism identification and drug susceptibility systems; liquid-based cytology systems for cervical cancer screening; rapid diagnostic assays; microbiology laboratory automation; and plated media.
Biosciences
Fluorescence-activated cell sorters and analyzers; monoclonal antibodies and kits for performing cell analysis; reagent systems for life science research; molecular indexing and next-generation sequencing sample preparation for genomics research; clinical oncology, immunological (HIV) and transplantation diagnostic/monitoring reagents and analyzers; and cell culture media supplements for biopharmaceutical manufacturing.
Acquisitions
CareFusion Corporation. As previously mentioned, on March 17, 2015, pursuant to a definitive agreement entered into on October 5, 2014, BD acquired a 100% interest in CareFusion, a global medical technology company with a comprehensive portfolio of products in the areas of medication management, infection prevention, operating room and procedural effectiveness, and respiratory care. The fair value of consideration transferred was $12.538 billion in the form of cash and BD common stock.
Other Transactions. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, BD acquired GenCell Biosystems, a privately-held Irish biotechnology company that has developed proprietary technologies that address key biological analysis protocols including library preparation of Next Generation Sequencing and genotyping applications. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2015, BD acquired CRISI Medical Systems, Inc., a San Diego-based medical technology company dedicated to improving the safety and delivery of IV injectable medications. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2015, BD acquired the ARX group of companies, a leading pharmacy automation distributor in Western Europe. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, BD acquired Cellular Research, Inc., a biotechnology research and development company that has developed advanced tools for massively parallel single cell genetic analysis based on their proprietary Molecular Indexing™ technology to enable gene expression profiles from single cells.
Additional information regarding these acquisitions is contained in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, which is incorporated herein by reference.
International Operations
BD’s products are manufactured and sold worldwide. For reporting purposes, we organize our operations outside the United States as follows: Europe, EMA (which includes the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and Africa); Greater Asia (which includes Japan and Asia Pacific); Latin America (which includes Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America); and Canada. The principal products sold by BD outside the United States are hypodermic needles and syringes; insulin syringes and pen needles; BD Hypak™ brand prefillable syringe systems; infusion therapy products including Alaris® infusion pumps; pharmacy automation equipment; respiratory equipment and disposable products; BD Vacutainer™ brand blood collection products; diagnostic systems and laboratory equipment and products; flow cytometry instruments and reagents. BD has manufacturing operations outside the United States in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Geographic information with respect to BD’s operations is included under the heading “Geographic Information” in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Foreign economic conditions and exchange rate fluctuations have caused the profitability related to foreign revenues to fluctuate more than the profitability related to domestic revenues. BD believes its activities in some countries outside the United States involve greater risk than its domestic business due to the factors cited herein, as well as the economic environment, local commercial and economic policies and political uncertainties. See further discussion of this risk in Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Distribution
BD’s products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. Order backlog is not material to BD’s business inasmuch as orders for BD products generally are received and filled on a current basis, except for items temporarily out of stock. BD’s worldwide sales are not generally seasonal, with the exception of certain medical devices in the Medication and Procedural

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Solutions and Respiratory Solutions Business Units, and respiratory and flu diagnostic products in the Diagnostic Systems Business Unit, which relate to seasonal diseases such as influenza.
Raw Materials
BD purchases many different types of raw materials, including plastics, glass, metals, textiles, paper products, agricultural products, electronic and mechanical sub-assemblies and various biological, chemical and petrochemical products. BD seeks to ensure continuity of raw material supply by securing multiple options for sourcing. However, there are situations where raw materials are only available from one supplier, which are referred to as sole sourced. The use of sole sourced materials may be due to sourcing of proprietary and/or patented technology and processes that are intended to provide a unique market differentiation to our product. In other cases, while a raw material can be sourced from multiple manufacturers, only one supplier is qualified due to quality assurance, cost or other considerations. In order to provide alternate sources of raw materials, BD must complete a rigorous qualification process, which most often includes completion of regulatory registration and approval. If clinical trials are not required, this qualification process can take 3-18 months depending on the criticality of the change. When clinical trials are required, this process may lengthen the qualification phase from one to three years. BD continuously assesses its sole sourced raw materials and maintains business continuity plans with our suppliers. BD’s continuity plans may include securing secondary supply with alternate suppliers, qualification of alternate manufacturing facilities, maintaining contingency stock, internal development of supply and establishment of technology escrow accounts. While BD works closely with its suppliers, there may nonetheless be events that cause supply interruption, reduction or termination that adversely impacts BD’s ability to manufacture and sell certain products.
Research and Development
BD conducts its research and development (“R&D”) activities at its operating units and at BD Technologies in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. The majority of BD’s R&D activities are conducted in North America. Outside North America, BD conducts R&D activities in China, France, India, Ireland and Singapore. BD also collaborates with certain universities, medical centers and other entities on R&D programs, and retains individual consultants to support its efforts in specialized fields. BD spent approximately $632 million, $550 million, and $494 million on research and development during the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015, 2014, and 2013, respectively. Post-acquisition R&D spend from legacy CareFusion businesses was $115 million in fiscal year 2015.
Intellectual Property and Licenses
BD owns significant intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, technology, trade secrets, know-how, copyrights and trademarks in the United States and other countries. BD is also licensed under domestic and foreign patents, patent applications, technology, trade secrets, know-how, copyrights and trademarks owned by others. In the aggregate, these intellectual property assets and licenses are of material importance to BD’s business. BD believes, however, that no single patent, technology, trademark, intellectual property asset or license is material in relation to BD’s business as a whole, or to any business segment.
Competition
BD operates in the increasingly complex and challenging medical technology marketplace. Technological advances and scientific discoveries have accelerated the pace of change in medical technology, the regulatory environment of medical products is becoming more complex and vigorous, and economic conditions have resulted in a challenging market. Companies of varying sizes compete in the global medical technology field. Some are more specialized than BD with respect to particular markets, and some have greater financial resources than BD. New companies have entered the field, particularly in the areas of molecular diagnostics, safety-engineered devices and in the life sciences, and established companies have diversified their business activities into the medical technology area. Other firms engaged in the distribution of medical technology products have become manufacturers of medical devices and instruments as well. Acquisitions and collaborations by and among companies seeking a competitive advantage also affect the competitive environment. In addition, the entry into the market of manufacturers located in China and other low-cost manufacturing locations are creating increased pricing pressures, particularly in developing markets. Some competitors have also established manufacturing sites or have contracted with suppliers located in these countries as a means to lower their costs.
BD competes in this evolving marketplace on the basis of many factors, including price, quality, innovation, service, reputation, distribution and promotion. The impact of these factors on BD’s competitive position varies among BD’s various product offerings. In order to remain competitive in the industries in which it operates, BD continues to make investments in research and development, quality management, quality improvement, product innovation and productivity improvement in support of its core strategy - to increase revenue growth by focusing on products that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers.


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Third-Party Reimbursement
Most of our customers and healthcare providers typically rely on third-party payers, including government programs and private health insurance plans, to reimburse some or all of the cost of the procedures, products and services they provide. Our devices are subject to worldwide regulations regarding reimbursement developed by government agencies, including the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in the United States; the National Health Service in the United Kingdom; the Joint Federal Committee in Germany; the Commission d’Evaluation des Produits et prestations in France; the Ministry for Health, Labor and Welfare in Japan; the Ministry of Health and the National Development and Reform Commission in China; among many others. In addition, our devices are also subject to reimbursement policies issued by private insurance companies and managed care organizations. The manner and level of reimbursement in any given case may depend on the site of care, the procedure(s) performed, the final patient diagnosis, the device(s) and/or drug(s) utilized, the available budget, or a combination of these factors, and coverage and payment levels are determined at each payer’s discretion. The coverage policies and reimbursement levels of these third-party payers may impact the decisions of healthcare providers and facilities regarding which medical products they purchase and the prices they are willing to pay for those products. Thus, changes in reimbursement levels or methods may either positively or negatively impact sales of BD products.
While BD is actively engaged in promoting the value propositions of its products for payer, provider, and patient stakeholders, and it employs various efforts and resources to positively impact coverage, coding and payment processes in this regard, it has no direct control over payer decision-making with respect to coverage and payment levels for BD products. Many third-party payers are seeking to control the growth of healthcare expenditures and have developed specific payment and delivery mechanisms to support these cost control efforts. These mechanisms include payment reductions, pay for performance measures, quality-based performance payments, restrictive coverage policies, bidding and tender mechanics, studies to compare the effectiveness of therapies and use of technology assessments. These changes have created an increased emphasis on the delivery of more cost-effective and quality-driven healthcare. As government programs, including CMS and many other national healthcare programs, seek to expand healthcare coverage for their citizens, they have at the same time sought to control costs by limiting the amount of reimbursement they will pay for particular procedures, products or services.
As BD’s product offerings are diverse across many healthcare settings, they are affected to varying degrees by the many payment systems. Therefore, individual countries, product lines or product classes may be impacted by changes to these systems. Governments and payers around the world are altering healthcare delivery and payment pathways to focus on paying for value. Traditional procurement processes are evolving to drive “value for money” with specific priorities focused on reducing costs and creating efficiencies in the healthcare systems.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“PPACA”) has created substantive changes to U.S. healthcare payment systems. With respect to Medicare, the law initially focused on Medicare provisions aimed at improving quality and decreasing costs through a variety of value based payment methodologies. Medicare is now moving beyond payment penalties and seeking to create alternative payment models such as bundled payments to continue to drive improved value. The Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) announced earlier this year an initiative designed to actively move the Medicare program toward paying providers based on the quality, rather than the quantity of care they give patients. This initiative continues the shift toward reimbursing providers via bundled payments based upon quality and outcomes. As a result, HHS predicts that by 2018, 90% of all fee-for-service Medicare payments will be linked to quality outcomes through programs such as the Hospital Value Based Purchasing and the Hospital Readmissions Reduction programs. Of these quality-based payments, 50% will be tied to alternate payment models that promote shared savings like Accountable Care Organizations and bundled payment arrangements.
We see other governments around the world considering similar bundling reform measures, including the development of the Diagnosis Related Group (“DRG”) as a payment mechanism to drive toward quality and resource based reimbursement.
See Item 1A. Risk Factors for a further discussion.
Regulation
BD’s medical technology products and operations are subject to regulation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and various other federal and state agencies, as well as by foreign governmental agencies. These agencies enforce laws and regulations that govern the development, testing, manufacturing, labeling, advertising, marketing and distribution, and market surveillance of BD’s medical products. The scope of the activities of these agencies, particularly in the Europe, Japan, and Asia Pacific regions in which BD operates, has been increasing.
BD actively maintains FDA/ISO Quality Systems that establish standards for its product design, manufacturing, and distribution processes. Prior to marketing or selling most of its products, BD must secure approval from the FDA and counterpart non-U.S. regulatory agencies. Following the introduction of a product, these agencies engage in periodic reviews and inspections of BD’s quality systems, as well as product performance and advertising and promotional materials. These regulatory controls, as well as any changes in FDA policies, can affect the time and cost associated with the development, introduction and continued availability of new products. Where possible, BD anticipates these factors in its product

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development and planning processes. These agencies possess the authority to take various administrative and legal actions against BD, such as product recalls, product seizures and other civil and criminal sanctions. BD also undertakes voluntary compliance actions such as voluntary recalls.
BD also is subject to various federal and state laws, and laws outside the United States, concerning healthcare fraud and abuse (including false claims laws and anti-kickback laws), global anti-corruption, transportation, safety and health, and customs and exports. Many of the agencies enforcing these laws have increased their enforcement activities with respect to medical device manufacturers in recent years. This appears to be part of a general trend toward increased regulation and enforcement activity within and outside the United States.
In addition, as part of PPACA, the federal government has enacted the Sunshine Act provisions requiring BD to publicly report gifts and payments made to physicians and teaching hospitals. Many of these provisions are new and uncertain, and failure to comply could result in a range of fines, penalties and/or other sanctions.
Our infusion pump business unit is operating under an amended consent decree entered into by CareFusion with the FDA in 2007. CareFusion’s consent decree with the FDA related to its Alaris SE infusion pumps. In February 2009, CareFusion and the FDA amended the consent decree to include all infusion pumps manufactured by or for CareFusion 303, Inc., the business unit that manufactures and sells infusion pumps in the United States. The amended consent decree does not apply to intravenous administration sets and accessories.
While this BD business unit remains subject to the amended consent decree, which includes the requirements of the original consent decree, it has made substantial progress in its compliance efforts. However, we cannot predict the outcome of this matter, and the amended consent decree authorizes the FDA, in the event of any violations in the future, to order us to cease manufacturing and distributing infusion pumps, recall products and take other actions. We may be required to pay damages of $15,000 per day per violation if we fail to comply with any provision of the amended consent decree, up to $15 million per year.
We also cannot currently predict whether additional monetary investment will be incurred to resolve this matter or the matter’s ultimate impact on our business. We may be obligated to pay more costs in the future because, among other things, the FDA may determine that we are not fully compliant with the amended consent decree and therefore impose penalties under the amended consent decree, and/or we may be subject to future proceedings and litigation relating to the matters addressed in the amended consent decree. As of September 30, 2015, we do not believe that a loss is probable in connection with the amended consent decree, and accordingly, we have no accruals associated with compliance with the amended consent decree.
See also Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
Employees
As of September 30, 2015, BD had 49,517 employees, of which 18,596 were employed in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). BD believes that its employee relations are satisfactory.
Available Information
BD maintains a website at www.bd.com. BD also makes available its Annual Reports on Form 10-K, its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and its Current Reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to those reports) as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These filings may be obtained and printed free of charge at www.bd.com/investors. In addition, the written charters of the Audit Committee, the Compensation and Management Development Committee, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, the Executive Committee and the Science, Marketing, Innovation and Technology Committee of the Board of Directors, BD’s Corporate Governance Principles and its Code of Conduct, are available at BD’s website at www.bd.com/investors/corporate_governance/. Printed copies of these materials, this 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and BD’s reports and statements filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, may be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, BD, 1 Becton Drive, Franklin Lakes, New Jersey 07417-1880, telephone 201-847-6800. In addition, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
BD also routinely posts important information for investors on its website at www.bd.com/investors. BD may use this website as a means of disclosing material, non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD adopted by the SEC. Accordingly, investors should monitor the Investor Relations portion of BD’s website noted above, in addition to following BD’s press releases, SEC filings, and public conference calls and webcasts. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto shall not be deemed to be incorporated into this Annual Report.



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Forward-Looking Statements
BD and its representatives may from time-to-time make certain forward-looking statements in publicly-released materials, both written and oral, including statements contained in filings with the SEC and in its reports to shareholders. Additional information regarding BD’s forward-looking statements is contained in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
Item  1A.    Risk Factors.
An investment in BD involves a variety of risks and uncertainties. The following describes some of the significant risks that could adversely affect BD’s business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows.

Risks Relating to the Company
Global economic conditions could continue to adversely affect our operations.
In recent years, we have been faced with very challenging global economic conditions. Deterioration in the global economic environment, particularly in emerging markets and countries with government-sponsored healthcare systems, may result in decreased demand for our products and services, increased competition, downward pressure on the prices for our products, longer sales cycles, and slower adoption of new technologies. A weakening of macroeconomic conditions may also adversely affect our suppliers, which could result in interruptions in supply in the future. We have also previously experienced delays in collecting receivables in certain countries in Western Europe, and we may experience similar delays in the future in these and other countries or regions experiencing liquidity problems.
We are subject to foreign currency exchange risk.
A substantial amount of our revenues are derived from international operations, and we anticipate that a significant portion of our sales will continue to come from outside the U.S. in the future. The revenues we report with respect to our operations outside the United States may be adversely affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. A discussion of the financial impact of exchange rate fluctuations and the ways and extent to which we may attempt to address any impact is contained in Item 7., Management’s Discussion of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Any hedging activities we engage in may only offset a portion of the adverse financial impact resulting from unfavorable changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We cannot predict with any certainty changes in foreign currency exchange rates or the degree to which we can mitigate these risks.
Changes in reimbursement practices of third-party payers could affect the demand for our products and the prices at which they are sold.
Our sales depend, in part, on the extent to which healthcare providers and facilities are reimbursed by government authorities, private insurers and other third-party payers for the costs of our products. The coverage policies and reimbursement levels of third-party payers, which can vary among public and private sources and by country, may affect which products customers purchase and the prices they are willing to pay for those products in a particular jurisdiction. Reimbursement rates can also affect the acceptance rate of new technologies and products. Legislative or administrative reforms to reimbursement systems in the United States or abroad, changes in reimbursement rates by private payers, or adverse decisions relating to our products by administrators of these systems could significantly reduce reimbursement for procedures using our products or result in denial of reimbursement for those products, which would adversely affect customer demand or the price customers are willing to pay for such products. See “Third-Party Reimbursement” under Item 1., Business.
Federal healthcare reform may adversely affect our results of operations.
The PPACA was enacted in March 2010. The PPACA imposes on medical device manufacturers, such as BD, a 2.3% excise tax on U.S. sales of certain medical devices. We cannot predict with any certainty what other impact the PPACA may have on our business. The PPACA, among other things, reduces Medicare and Medicaid payments to hospitals, clinical laboratories and pharmaceutical companies, and could otherwise reduce the volume of medical procedures. These factors, in turn, could result in reduced demand for our products and increased downward pricing pressure. It is also possible that the PPACA will result in lower reimbursement rates for our products. Other provisions in the law may significantly change the practice of health care and could adversely affect aspects of our business.
Consolidation in the healthcare industry could adversely affect our future revenues and operating income.
The medical technology industry has experienced a significant amount of consolidation. As a result of this consolidation, competition to provide goods and services to customers has increased. Health care systems and other health care companies are also consolidating, resulting in greater purchasing power for these companies and competition among medical device suppliers to provide goods and services. Group purchasing organizations and integrated health delivery networks have also

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served to concentrate purchasing decisions for some customers, which has also placed pricing pressure on medical device suppliers. Further consolidation in the industry could exert additional pressure on the prices of our products.
Cost volatility could adversely affect our operations.
Our results of operations could be negatively impacted by volatility in the cost of raw materials, components, freight and energy. In particular, we purchase supplies of resins, which are oil-based components used in the manufacture of certain products. Any significant increases in resin costs could adversely impact future operating results. Increases in the price of oil can also increase our costs for packaging and transportation. New laws or regulations adopted in response to climate change could also increase energy costs as well as the costs of certain raw materials and components. We may not be able to offset increases in these costs through other cost reductions.
Breaches of our information technology systems could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
We rely on information technology systems to process, transmit, and store electronic information in our day-to-day operations. Our information technology systems have been subjected to computer viruses or other malicious codes, and cyber- or phishing- attacks, and we have experienced instances of unauthorized access to our systems in the past. We expect to be subject to similar attacks in the future. In addition to our own information, we store certain information with third parties that could be subject to these types of attacks. These attacks could result in our intellectual property and other confidential information being lost or stolen, disruption of our operations, and other negative consequences, such as increased costs for security measures or remediation costs, diversion of management attention, and adverse impact on our relationships with vendors and customers. While we will continue to implement additional protective measures to reduce the risk of and detect future cyber incidents, cyber-attacks are becoming more sophisticated and frequent, and the techniques used in such attacks change rapidly. There can be no assurances that our protective measures will prevent future attacks that could have a significant impact on our business.
Our future growth is dependent in part upon the development of new products, and there can be no assurance that such products will be developed.
A significant element of our strategy is to increase revenue growth by focusing on products that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers. The development of these products requires significant investment in research and development, clinical trials and regulatory approvals. The results of our product development efforts may be affected by a number of factors, including our ability to anticipate customer needs, innovate and develop new products, complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory approvals and reimbursement in the United States and abroad, manufacture products in a cost-effective manner, obtain appropriate intellectual property protection for our products, and gain and maintain market approval of our products. In addition, patents attained by others can preclude or delay our commercialization of a product. There can be no assurance that any products now in development or that we may seek to develop in the future will achieve technological feasibility, obtain regulatory approval or gain market acceptance.
We cannot guarantee that any of our strategic acquisitions, investments or alliances will be successful.
As part of our strategy to increase revenue growth, we seek to supplement our internal growth through strategic acquisitions, investments and alliances. Such transactions are inherently risky., and the integration of any newly-acquired business requires significant effort and management attention. The success of any acquisition, investment or alliance may be affected by a number of factors, including our ability to properly assess and value the potential business opportunity or to successfully integrate any business we may acquire into our existing business. There can be no assurance that any past or future transaction will be successful.
The medical technology industry is very competitive.
We face significant competition from a wide range of companies. These include large medical device companies with multiple product lines, some of which may have greater financial and marketing resources than we do, and firms that are more specialized than we are with respect to particular markets or product lines. We face competition across our product lines and in each market in which our products are sold on the basis of product features, clinical outcomes, product quality, price, services and other factors. In addition, we face changing customer preferences and requirements, including increased customer demand for more environmentally-friendly products.
The medical technology industry is also subject to rapid technological change and discovery. The development of new or improved products, processes or technologies by other companies (such as needle-free injection technology) may render our products or proposed products obsolete or less competitive. In some instances, competitors, including pharmaceutical companies, also offer, or are attempting to develop, alternative therapies for disease states that may be delivered without a medical device. The entry into the market of manufacturers located in China and other low-cost manufacturing locations has also created pricing pressure, particularly in developing markets.

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The international operations of our business may subject us to certain business risks.
A substantial amount of our sales come from our operations outside the United States, and we intend to continue to pursue growth opportunities in foreign markets, especially in emerging markets. Our foreign operations subject us to certain risks, including the effects of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange (discussed above), the effects of local economic conditions, foreign regulatory requirements or changes in such requirements, local product preferences and product requirements, difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing foreign operations, differing labor regulations, changes in tax laws, potential political instability, weakening or loss of the protection of intellectual property rights in some countries, import or export licensing requirements, trade protection and restrictions on the transfer of capital across borders. The success of our operations outside the United States depends, in part, on our ability to acquire or form and maintain alliances with local companies and make necessary infrastructure enhancements to, among other things, our production facilities and sales and distribution networks.
In addition, our international operations are governed by the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-corruption laws outside the U.S. Global enforcement of anti-corruption laws has increased substantially in recent years, with more enforcement proceedings by U.S. and foreign governmental agencies and the imposition of significant fines and penalties. While we have implemented policies and procedures to enhance compliance with these laws, our international operations, which often involve customer relationships with foreign governments, create the risk that there may be unauthorized payments or offers of payments by employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors. Any alleged or actual violations of these laws may subject us to government investigations, significant criminal or civil sanctions and other liabilities, and negatively affect our reputation.
Under the U.S. tax code, we may also be subject to additional taxation to the extent we repatriate earnings from our foreign operations to the U.S. In the event we require more capital in the United States than is generated by our U.S. operations to fund acquisitions or other activities and elect to repatriate earnings from foreign jurisdictions, our effective tax rate may be higher as a result.
Reductions in customers’ research budgets or government funding may adversely affect our BD Biosciences business.
Our BD Biosciences business sells products to researchers at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, academic institutions, government laboratories and private foundations. Research and development spending of our customers can fluctuate based on spending priorities and general economic conditions. A number of these customers are also dependent for their funding upon grants from U.S. government agencies, such as the U.S. National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) and agencies in other countries. The level of government funding of research and development is unpredictable. There have been instances where NIH grants have been frozen or otherwise unavailable for extended periods. The availability of governmental research funding may also continue to be adversely affected by economic conditions and governmental spending reductions. Any reduction or delay in governmental funding could cause our customers to delay or forego purchases of our products.
A reduction or interruption in the supply of certain raw materials and components would adversely affect our manufacturing operations and related product sales.
We purchase many different types of raw materials and components. Certain raw materials and components are not available from multiple sources. In addition, for quality assurance, cost-effectiveness and other reasons, we elect to purchase certain raw materials and components from sole suppliers. The supply of these materials can be disrupted for a number of reasons, including economic conditions as described above. While we work with suppliers to ensure continuity of supply, no assurance can be given that these efforts will be successful. In addition, due to regulatory requirements relating to the qualification of suppliers, we may not be able to establish additional or replacement sources on a timely basis or without excessive cost. The termination, reduction or interruption in supply of these sole-sourced raw materials and components could adversely impact our ability to manufacture and sell certain of our products.
Interruption of our manufacturing operations could adversely affect our future revenues and operating income.
We have manufacturing sites all over the world. In some instances, however, the manufacturing of certain of our product lines is concentrated in one or more of our plants. Damage to one or more of our facilities from weather or natural disasters, or issues in our manufacturing arising from failure to follow internal protocols and procedures, equipment failure or other factors could adversely affect our ability to manufacture our products, resulting in lost revenues and damage to our relationships with customers.

We are subject to lawsuits.
We are or have been a defendant in a number of lawsuits, including purported class action lawsuits for, among other things, alleged antitrust violations and suits alleging patent infringement, and could be subject to additional lawsuits in the future. A more detailed description of these lawsuits is contained in note 5 to the consolidated financial statements included in

8


Item 8., Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, we are not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which we are a party. In view of these uncertainties, we could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. Any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows.

We are subject to extensive regulation.
Our operations are global and are affected by various state, federal and international healthcare, environmental, antitrust, anti-corruption, fraud and abuse (including anti-kickback and false claims laws), employment and other laws. Violations of these laws can result in criminal or civil sanctions, including substantial fines and, in some cases, exclusion from participation in health care programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. The enactment of additional laws in the future may increase our compliance costs or otherwise adversely impact our operations.
We are also subject to extensive regulation by the FDA pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, by comparable agencies in foreign countries, and by other regulatory agencies and governing bodies. Most of our products must receive clearance or approval from the FDA or counterpart regulatory agencies in other countries before they can be marketed or sold. The process for obtaining marketing approval or clearance may take a significant period of time and require the expenditure of substantial resources, and these have been increasing due to increased requirements from the FDA for supporting data for submissions. The process may also require changes to our products or result in limitations on the indicated uses of the products. Governmental agencies may also impose new requirements regarding registration, labeling or prohibited materials that may require us to modify or re-register products already on the market or otherwise impact our ability to market our products in those countries. Once clearance or approval has been obtained for a product, there is an obligation to ensure that all applicable FDA and other regulatory requirements continue to be met. Following the introduction of a product, these agencies also periodically review our manufacturing processes and product performance. Our failure to comply with the applicable good manufacturing practices, adverse event reporting, clinical trial and other requirements of these agencies could delay or prevent the production, marketing or sale of our products and result in fines, delays or suspensions of regulatory clearances, closure of manufacturing sites, seizures or recalls of products and damage to our reputation. More stringent oversight by the FDA and other agencies in recent years has resulted in increased enforcement activity, which increases the compliance risk for us and other companies in our industry.
As a result of the CareFusion acquisition, we are operating under a consent decree with the FDA that was entered into by CareFusion in 2009, that affects our infusion pump business in the United States. For more information regarding the consent decree, see “Regulation” under Item 1, “Business”.

Product defects could adversely affect the results of our operations.
The design, manufacture and marketing of medical devices involve certain inherent risks. Manufacturing or design defects, unapproved use of our products, or inadequate disclosure of risks or other information relating to the use of our products can lead to injury or other adverse events. These events could lead to recalls or safety alerts relating to our products (either voluntary or required by the FDA or similar governmental authorities in other countries), and could result, in certain cases, in the removal of a product from the market. A recall could result in significant costs, as well as negative publicity and damage to our reputation that could reduce demand for our products. Personal injuries relating to the use of our products can also result in significant product liability claims being brought against us. In some circumstances, such adverse events could also cause delays in regulatory approval of new products.

Our operations are dependent in part on patents and other intellectual property assets.
Many of our businesses rely on patent, trademark and other intellectual property assets. These intellectual property assets, in the aggregate, are of material importance to our business. We can lose the protection afforded by these intellectual property assets through patent expirations, legal challenges or governmental action. Patents attained by competitors, particularly as patents on our products expire, may also adversely affect our competitive position. In addition, competitors may claim that our products infringe upon their intellectual property, which could result in the payment of significant legal fees, damage awards and past or future royalties, as well as injunctions against future sales of our products. We also operate in countries that do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as in the U.S., which could make it easier for competitors to compete with us in those countries. The loss of a significant portion of our portfolio of intellectual property assets may have an adverse effect on our earnings, financial condition or cash flows.

Natural disasters, war and other events could adversely affect our future revenues and operating income.
Natural disasters (including pandemics), war, terrorism, labor disruptions and international conflicts, and actions taken by the United States and other governments or by our customers or suppliers in response to such events, could cause significant

9


economic disruption and political and social instability in the United States and areas outside of the United States in which we operate. These events could result in decreased demand for our products, adversely affect our manufacturing and distribution capabilities, or increase the costs for or cause interruptions in the supply of materials from our suppliers.

We need to attract and retain key employees to be competitive.
Our ability to compete effectively depends upon our ability to attract and retain executives and other key employees, including people in technical, marketing, sales and research positions. Competition for experienced employees, particularly for persons with specialized skills, can be intense. Our ability to recruit such talent will depend on a number of factors, including compensation and benefits, work location and work environment. If we cannot effectively recruit and retain qualified executives and employees, our business could be adversely affected.

Risks Relating To Our Acquisition of CareFusion

The integration process with CareFusion may be more difficult, costly or time consuming than expected and the anticipated benefits and cost savings of the merger may not be realized.
The success of our acquisition of CareFusion, including anticipated benefits and cost savings, will depend, in part, on our ability to successfully combine and integrate our business with the business of CareFusion. It is possible that the integration process could result in the loss of key employees, higher than expected costs, diversion of management attention and resources, the disruption of ongoing businesses or inconsistencies in standards, controls, procedures and policies that adversely affect the combined company’s ability to maintain relationships with customers, vendors and employees or to achieve the anticipated benefits and cost savings of the merger. As part of the integration process, we intend to move assets within our combined company to create efficiencies and may seek to opportunistically divest certain assets of the combined company, which may change the profile of the combined company, and which may not be possible on favorable terms, or at all. If we experience difficulties with the integration process, the anticipated benefits of the merger may not be realized fully or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected. These integration matters could have an adverse effect on the combined company for an undetermined period going forward. In addition, the actual cost savings of the merger could be less than anticipated.

In connection with the CareFusion transactions, we incurred and assumed significant additional indebtedness, which could adversely affect us, including by decreasing our business flexibility.
We have substantially increased indebtedness following completion of the CareFusion acquisition in comparison to that of BD on a recent historical basis, which has increased our interest expense and could have the effect, among other things, of reducing our flexibility to respond to changing business and economic conditions. The amount of cash required to pay interest on our increased indebtedness following the merger, and thus the demands on our cash resources, is greater than the amount of cash flows required to service our indebtedness prior to the acquisition. Our increased levels of indebtedness could also reduce funds available for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, funding research and development or future expansion of our business, and other general corporate purposes and may create competitive disadvantages for BD relative to other companies with lower debt levels. If we do not achieve the expected benefits and cost savings from the transaction, or if the financial performance of the combined company does not meet current expectations, then our ability to service this indebtedness may be adversely impacted.
Certain of the indebtedness incurred in connection with the merger bears interest at variable interest rates. If interest rates increase, variable rate debt will create higher debt service requirements, which could adversely affect our cash flows.
In addition, our credit ratings affect the cost and availability of future borrowings and, accordingly, our cost of capital. Our ratings reflect each rating organization’s opinion of our financial strength, operating performance and ability to meet our debt obligations. Our ratings were downgraded in connection with the indebtedness incurred and assumed in the acquisition of CareFusion, and there can be no assurance that we will achieve a particular rating or maintain a particular rating in the future. Moreover, we may be required to raise substantial additional financing to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other general corporate requirements. Our ability to arrange additional financing or refinancing will depend on, among other factors, our financial position and performance, as well as prevailing market conditions and other factors beyond our control. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain additional financing or refinancing on terms acceptable to us or at all.





10


The agreements that govern the indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection with the acquisition contain various covenants that impose restrictions on us and certain of our subsidiaries that may affect our ability to operate our businesses.
The agreements that govern the indebtedness incurred or assumed in connection with the CareFusion transaction contain various affirmative and negative covenants that may, subject to certain significant exceptions, restrict our ability and the ability of certain of our subsidiaries (including CareFusion) to, among other things, have liens on their property, transact business with affiliates and/or merge or consolidate with any other person or sell or convey certain of our assets to any one person. In addition, some of the agreements that govern our indebtedness contain financial covenants that will require us to maintain certain financial ratios. Our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to comply with these provisions may be affected by events beyond our control. Failure to comply with these covenants could result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, could accelerate our repayment obligations.

Uncertainties associated with our CareFusion integration efforts may cause a loss of management personnel and other key employees, which could adversely affect the future business and operations of the combined company.
The successful integration of CareFusion and BD will depend in part upon our ability to retain key management personnel and other key employees of both companies. Current and prospective employees of the combined company may experience uncertainty about their future roles during the integration process, which may materially adversely affect our ability to attract and retain key personnel. No assurance can be given that the combined company will be able to retain key management personnel and other key employees.

Item  1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
Item 2.    Properties.
BD’s executive offices are located in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey. As of October 6, 2015, BD owned or leased 326 facilities throughout the world, comprising approximately 19,954,024 square feet of manufacturing, warehousing, administrative and research facilities. The U.S. facilities, including those in Puerto Rico, comprise approximately 7,894,098 square feet of owned and 3,444,667 square feet of leased space. The international facilities comprise approximately 6,810,151 square feet of owned and 1,805,108 square feet of leased space. Sales offices and distribution centers included in the total square footage are also located throughout the world.
Operations in each of BD’s business segments are conducted at both U.S. and international locations. Particularly in the international marketplace, facilities often serve more than one business segment and are used for multiple purposes, such as administrative/sales, manufacturing and/or warehousing/distribution. BD generally seeks to own its manufacturing facilities, although some are leased. The following table summarizes property information by business segment.
Sites
 
Corporate 
 
BD Lifesciences 
 
BD Medical 
 
Mixed(A) 
 
Total 
 
Leased
14
18
119
93
244
Owned
4
27
39
12
82
Total
18
45
158
105
326
Square feet
1,395,035
4,240,503
10,558,257
3,760,229
19,954,024
(A)
Facilities used by more than one business segment.
BD believes that its facilities are of good construction and in good physical condition, are suitable and adequate for the operations conducted at those facilities, and are, with minor exceptions, fully utilized and operating at normal capacity.
The U.S. facilities are located in Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Washington, Wisconsin and Puerto Rico.
The international facilities are as follows:
Europe, Middle East, Africa, which includes facilities in Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Zambia.
Greater Asia, which includes facilities in Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

11


- Latin America, which includes facilities in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and the Dominican Republic.
- Canada.
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings.
Information with respect to certain legal proceedings is included in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.

12


Executive Officers of the Registrant
The following is a list of the executive officers of BD, their ages and all positions and offices held by each of them during the past five years. There is no family relationship between any executive officer or director of BD.
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Vincent A. Forlenza
62
Chairman since July 2012; Chief Executive Officer since October 2011; President since January 2009; Chief Operating Officer from July 2010 to October 2011; and prior thereto, Executive Vice President.
Gary M. Cohen
56
Executive Vice President and President, Global Health.
Alexandre Conroy
52
Executive Vice President and President, Europe, EMA and the Americas since June 2012; and prior thereto, President, Western Europe.
Jerome V. Hurwitz
61
Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resource Officer since September 2013; and prior thereto, Vice President, Change Management.
William A. Kozy
63
Chief Operating Officer since November 2012; and Executive Vice President since June 2006.
James Lim
51
Executive Vice President and President, Greater Asia since June 2012; and prior thereto, Vice President/General Manager, Central Asia Pacific and Operations.
Thomas E. Polen
42
Executive Vice President and President - Medical since October 1, 2014; Group President from October 2013 to October 2014; and Worldwide President - BD Diagnostic Systems from October 2010 to October 2013.
Christopher R. Reidy
58
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Administrative Officer since July 15, 2013; and prior thereto, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of ADP Corporation.
Nabil Shabshab
50
Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer since August 2011; and prior thereto, Executive Vice President, Global Portfolio Management of Diversey, Inc.
Jeffrey S. Sherman
60
Executive Vice President and General Counsel.
Stephen Sichak
58
Executive Vice President, Integrated Supply Chain.
Ellen R. Strahlman, M.D.
58
Executive Vice President, Research and Development and Chief Medical Officer since April 2013; Senior Vice President, Office of the CEO and Global Head, Neglected Tropical Diseases of GlaxoSmithKline from March 2012 to May 2012, and prior thereto, Chief Medical Officer of GlaxoSmithKline plc.
Linda M. Tharby
47
Executive Vice President and President - Life Sciences since October 1, 2014; Group President from October 2013 to October 2014; and prior thereto, Worldwide President - BD Medical, Diabetes Care.

13


PART II
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
BD’s common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. As of October 31, 2015, there were approximately 14,474 shareholders of record.
Market and Market Prices of Common Stock (per common share)
 
2014 
 
2015 
 
By Quarter
 
High 
 
Low 
 
High 
 
Low 
 
First
$ 110.60
$ 98.33
$ 141.26

$ 113.60

Second
117.08
105.40
149.50

138.08

Third
120.33
111.18
145.57

137.93

Fourth
120.21
112.63
153.86

130.40

Dividends (per common share)
By Quarter
 
2014 
 
2015 
 
First
$ 0.545
$ 0.600
Second
0.545
0.600
Third
0.545
0.600
Fourth
0.545
0.600
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The table below sets forth certain information regarding BD’s purchases of its common stock during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2015.
Period
Total Number of
Shares
Purchased(1)
 
Average
Price
Paid
per Share
 
Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs(2)
 
Maximum Number
of Shares that
May Yet be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs(2)
July 1-31, 2015
1,959

 
$ 142.89

 

 
9,147,060

August 1-31, 2015
756

 
152.84

 

 
9,147,060

September 1-30, 2015

 

 

 
9,147,060

Total
2,715

 
$ 145.66

 

 
9,147,060

 
(1)
Includes 2,715 shares purchased during the quarter in open market transactions by the trust relating to BD’s Deferred Compensation and Retirement Benefit Restoration Plan and 1996 Directors’ Deferral Plan.
(2)
Any repurchases would be made pursuant to the repurchase program authorized by the Board of Directors on September 24, 2013 for 10 million shares, for which there is no expiration date.

14


Item 6.    Selected Financial Data.
FIVE-YEAR SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
Becton, Dickinson and Company
 
Years Ended September 30
 
  
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
Dollars in millions, except share and per share amounts
 
Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
10,282

  
$
8,446

  
$
8,054

  
$
7,708

 
$
7,584

 
Gross Margin
4,695

  
4,301

  
4,171

  
3,953

 
3,959

 
Research and Development Expense
632

  
550

  
494

  
472

 
470

 
Operating Income
1,074

  
1,606

  
1,254

  
1,558

 
1,666

 
Interest Expense, Net
356

  
89

  
98

  
84

 
41

 
Income From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes
739

(A) 
1,522

(B) 
1,165

(C) 
1,472

(D) 
1,618

(D) 
Income Tax Provision
44

  
337

  
236

  
363

 
417

 
Income from Continuing Operations
695

(A) 
1,185

(B) 
929

(C) 
1,110

(D)
1,201

(D) 
Net Income
695

  
1,185

  
1,293

  
1,170

 
1,271

 
Basic Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations
3.43

  
6.13

  
4.76

  
5.40

 
5.43

 
Diluted Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations
3.35

(A) 
5.99

(B) 
4.67

(C) 
5.30

(D)
5.31

(D) 
Dividends Per Common Share
2.40

  
2.18

  
1.98

  
1.80

 
1.64

 
Financial Position

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Current Assets
$
6,045

  
$
6,131

  
$
5,873

  
$
5,322

 
$
4,668

 
Total Current Liabilities
4,386

  
2,235

  
2,130

  
1,978

 
1,823

 
Total PPE, Net
4,060

  
3,605

  
3,476

  
3,304

 
3,211

 
Total Assets
26,820

  
12,447

  
12,149

  
11,361

 
10,430

 
Total Long-Term Debt
11,370

  
3,768

  
3,763

  
3,761

 
2,485

 
Total Shareholders’ Equity
7,164

  
5,053

  
5,043

  
4,136

 
4,828

 
Book Value Per Common Share
34.00

  
26.33

  
25.99

  
21.00

 
22.48

 
Financial Relationships

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit Margin
45.7
%
 
50.9
%
 
51.8
%
 
51.3
%
 
52.2
%
 
Return on Revenues(E)
6.8
%
 
14.0
%
 
11.5
%
 
14.4
%
 
15.8
%
 
Return on Total Assets(E)(F)
5.7
%
 
13.5
%
 
11.1
%
 
14.7
%
 
17.0
%
 
Return on Equity(E)
11.4
%
 
23.5
%
 
20.2
%
 
24.8
%
 
23.4
%
 
Debt to Capitalization(E)(G)
58.4
%
 
43.4
%
 
43.1
%
 
49.7
%
 
35.8
%
 
Additional Data

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Employees
49,500

  
30,600

  
30,000

  
29,600

 
29,400

 
Number of Shareholders
14,547

  
8,210

  
8,412

  
8,696

 
8,713

 
Average Common and Common Equivalent Shares Outstanding — Assuming Dilution (millions)
207.5

  
197.7

  
199.2

  
209.2

 
226.3

 
Depreciation and Amortization
$
891

  
$
562

  
$
546

  
$
511

 
$
494

 
Capital Expenditures
596

  
592

  
522

  
487

 
509

 
 
(A)
Includes impact of specified items of $1.186 billion ($786 million after-tax), or $3.79 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which affects comparisons of results across periods presented.
(B)
Includes impact of specified items of $153 million ($101 million after-tax), or $0.51 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which affects comparisons of results across periods presented.

15


(C)
Includes impact of specified items of $442 million ($279 million after-tax), or $1.40 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which affects comparisons of results across periods presented.
(D)
There were no amounts reflected in the results of operations for the period which would significantly affect the comparisons of results across periods presented.
(E)
Excludes discontinued operations.
(F)
Earnings before interest expense and taxes as a percent of average total assets.
(G)
Total debt as a percent of the sum of total debt, shareholders’ equity and non-current deferred income tax liabilities.

Item 7.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following commentary should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Within the tables presented throughout this discussion, certain columns may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. References to years throughout this discussion relate to our fiscal years, which end on September 30.
Company Overview
Description of the Company and Business Segments
Becton, Dickinson and Company (“BD”) is a global medical technology company engaged principally in the development, manufacture and sale of a broad range of medical devices, instrument systems and reagents used by healthcare institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public. Effective October 1, 2014, BD’s organizational structure was realigned to better complement its customer-focused solutions strategy and is now based upon two worldwide business segments, BD Medical (“Medical”) and BD Life Sciences (“Life Sciences”). The composition of the Medical segment was not changed by this realignment and the Life Sciences segment consists of the former BD Diagnostics and BD Biosciences segments. The commentary provided further below reflects this two-segment organizational structure and additional discussion regarding this organization realignment is provided in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. CareFusion Corporation (“CareFusion”), which was acquired on March 17, 2015, operates as part of our Medical segment, as further discussed below.
BD’s products are manufactured and sold worldwide. Our products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. We organize our operations outside the United States as follows: Europe, EMA (which includes the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and Africa); Greater Asia (which includes Japan and Asia Pacific); Latin America (which includes Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America) and Canada. We continue to pursue growth opportunities in emerging markets, which include the following geographic regions: Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Asia Pacific. We are particularly focused on certain countries whose economic and healthcare sectors are growing rapidly, in particular: China, India and Turkey.
Strategic Objectives
BD remains focused on delivering sustainable growth and shareholder value, while making appropriate investments for the future. BD management operates the business consistent with the following core strategies:
To increase revenue growth by focusing on our core products, services and solutions that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers;
To increase investment in research and development for platform extensions and innovative new products;
To make significant investments in growing our operations in emerging markets;
To improve operating effectiveness and balance sheet productivity;
To drive an efficient capital structure and strong shareholder returns.
Our strategy focuses on four specific areas within healthcare and life sciences:
Enabling safer, simpler and more effective parenteral drug delivery;
Improving clinical outcomes through new, more accurate and faster diagnostics;
Providing tools and technologies to the research community that facilitate the understanding of the cell, cellular diagnostics and cell therapy;
Enhancing disease management in diabetes, women’s health and cancer, and infection control.
We continue to strive to improve the efficiency of our capital structure and follow these guiding principles:
To maintain an investment grade rating;
To ensure access to the debt market for strategic opportunities;

16


To optimize the cost of capital based on market conditions.
In assessing the outcomes of these strategies as well as BD’s financial condition and operating performance, management generally reviews quarterly forecast data, monthly actual results, segment sales and other similar information. We also consider trends related to certain key financial data, including gross profit margin, selling and administrative expense, investment in research and development, return on invested capital, and cash flows.
Acquisition of CareFusion
On March 17, 2015, pursuant to a definitive agreement entered into on October 5, 2014, BD acquired a 100% interest in CareFusion for total consideration of approximately $12.5 billion to create a global leader in medication management and patient safety solutions. The operating activities of CareFusion from the acquisition date through March 31, 2015 were not material to BD’s consolidated results of operations and as such, CareFusion’s operating results were included in BD’s consolidated results of operations beginning on April 1, 2015. CareFusion operates as part of our Medical segment, which now includes the following organizational units, in addition to the Diabetes Care and Pharmaceutical Systems units: Medication and Procedural Solutions, which encompasses BD’s former Medical Surgical Systems unit; Medication Management Solutions; and Respiratory Solutions. Additional discussion regarding this acquisition is provided in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Disclosures regarding BD’s financing arrangements relating to this transaction are provided in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Summary of Financial Results
Worldwide revenues in 2015 of $10.282 billion increased 21.7% from the prior year, compared with an increase of 4.9% in 2014. The components of the total worldwide revenue growth in 2015 and 2014 were as follows:
 
2015 vs. 2014
 
2014 vs. 2013
CareFusion
24.1
 %
 
 %
Volume
5.1
 %
 
5.0
 %
Other acquisitions
 %
 
0.2
 %
Price (including product mix)
 %
 
 %
Foreign exchange translation
(7.5
)%
 
(0.3
)%
 
21.7
 %
 
4.9
 %
Worldwide revenue growth in 2015 reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s sales in the Company's results as of April 1, 2015, as discussed above. Revenue growth in 2015 was also attributable to consistent performance of our legacy products, the benefit of our diverse geographic and product portfolio, as well as sales in emerging markets. Medical segment revenue growth in 2015 reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s sales for the second half of the current year, growth in the Medication and Procedural Solutions unit's international sales of safety-engineered products and growth in the Diabetes Care unit's sales of pen needles. Life Sciences segment revenue growth in 2015 was largely driven by sales of safety-engineered products in the Preanalytical Systems unit as well as by growth in the Diagnostic Systems unit.
Revenues in the United States of $5.069 billion in 2015 increased 48.4% from 2014. International revenues in 2015 grew 3.6% to $5.213 billion, which includes an estimated unfavorable foreign exchange translation impact of 12.6%. In addition to the inclusion of CareFusion's sales in results for the second half of the current year, U.S. revenue growth reflected strength in the Medical segment's overall legacy product portfolio, the Diagnostic Systems unit's benefit from a stronger than normal flu season, and growth in the Biosciences unit’s research reagent sales and instrument placements. In addition to growth attributable to the CareFusion acquisition, international revenues for 2015 reflected growth from both segments due to sales in emerging markets and of safety-engineered products. Worldwide sales of safety-engineered products reflected the inclusion of CareFusion's sales of safety-engineered products for the second half of the fiscal year, as well as growth that was attributable to BD's legacy safety-engineered products. U.S. sales of safety-engineered products in 2015 of $1.471 billion increased 21.8% compared with 2014 and international safety-engineered products revenues of $1.128 billion grew 10.9%, which reflected the estimated unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of 14%.
We continue to invest in research and development, geographic expansion, and new product promotions to drive further revenue and profit growth. Our ability to sustain our long-term growth will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to expand our core business (including geographical expansion), develop innovative new products, and continue to improve operating efficiency and organizational effectiveness, including the integration of CareFusion. While the economic environment for the healthcare industry has stabilized, pricing pressures continue for some of our products. Healthcare utilization has stabilized and slightly improved in the United States; however, any destabilization in the future could adversely impact our U.S. businesses. Additionally, macroeconomic challenges in Europe continue to constrain healthcare utilization, although we

17


currently view the environment as stable. In emerging markets, the Company’s growth is dependent primarily on government funding for healthcare systems.
Our financial position remains strong, with cash flows from operating activities totaling $1.73 billion in 2015. At September 30, 2015, we had $1.44 billion in cash and equivalents and short-term investments. We continued to return value to our shareholders in the form of dividends. During fiscal year 2015, we paid cash dividends of $485 million. No shares were repurchased during fiscal year 2015 due to the suspension of our share repurchase program for the near term, in connection with the CareFusion acquisition, as our focus subsequent to closing the acquisition has been on the reduction of debt levels and the payment of dividends.
Each reporting period, we face currency exposure that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that fluctuate from the beginning of such period. The ongoing strength of the U.S. dollar resulted in an unfavorable foreign currency translation impact to our revenue growth during the year, as discussed above. We evaluate our results of operations on both a reported and a foreign currency-neutral basis, which excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We calculate foreign currency-neutral percentages by converting our current-period local currency financial results using the prior-period foreign currency exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to our current-period reported results. From time to time, we may purchase forward contracts and options to partially protect against adverse foreign exchange rate movements. Gains or losses on our derivative instruments are largely offset by the gains or losses on the underlying hedged transactions. We do not enter into derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. For further discussion, refer to Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Results of Continuing Operations
Comparisons of income from continuing operations between 2015 and 2014, as well as between 2014 and 2013, are affected by the specified items detailed below that are reflected in our financial results.
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
2013
 
 
(Millions of dollars)
 
Financing costs (A)
$
107

 
 
$

 
 
$

 
Transaction costs (A)
59

 
 
6

 
 

 
Integration costs (A)
95

 
 

 
 

 
Restructuring costs (A)
271

 
 

 
 

 
Purchase accounting adjustments
645

(B)

 
74

(C)
 
73

(C)
Employee termination-related amounts (D)
(5
)
 
 
36

 
 

 
Research and development charges (E)

 
 
26

 
 

 
Litigation-related charges (F)
12

 
 

 
 
363

 
Pension settlement charges (G)

 
 
3

 
 
6

 
Other specified items, net (H)

 
 
8

 
 

 
Total specified items
1,186

 
 
153

 
 
442

 
Tax impact of specified items
400

 
 
52

 
 
163

 
After-tax impact of specified items
$
786

 
 
$
101

 
 
$
279

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(A)
Represents financing, transaction, integration and restructuring costs primarily associated with the CareFusion acquisition. The financing costs were recorded in Interest expense. The transaction, integration and restructuring costs were recorded in Acquisition-related costs. For further discussion, refer to Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(B)
Represents non-cash amortization expense of $336 million pre-tax associated with acquisition-related identifiable intangible assets, including CareFusion, as well as the net impact of purchase accounting adjustments of $318 million pre-tax to reflect CareFusion’s inventory, fixed assets, debt and deferred revenue balances at fair value as of the acquisition date. BD’s amortization expense is primarily recorded in Cost of products sold.  The adjustment also reflected a pre-tax acquisition-date accounting gain of $9 million on the previously held investment in CRISI Medical Systems, Inc. ("CRISI"), a company BD fully acquired in March 2015.
(C)
Represents the non-cash expense associated with the amortization of acquisition-related identifiable intangible assets.
(D)
The amount in 2014 represents a charge for employee termination costs recorded relative to workforce reduction actions taken in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014. The amount in 2015 represents an adjustment to decrease this

18


liability. For further discussion, refer to Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(E)
Includes a $6 million charge associated with the decision to terminate a research and development program in the Medical segment; the charge relates to program asset write-offs and obligations. The amount additionally includes a $20 million charge recorded by our Life Sciences segment for asset write-offs primarily resulting from the discontinuance of an instrument product development program. The asset write-offs were largely attributable to capitalized product software, but also included a lesser amount attributable to fixed assets.
(F)
The amount in 2013 represented a pre-tax charge of $341 million relating to an unfavorable verdict in the lawsuit filed against BD by Retractable Technologies, Inc. (“RTI”) and a pre-tax charge of $22 million associated with a litigation settlement related to indirect purchaser antitrust class action cases. The amount in 2015 represents a charge for RTI’s attorneys’ fees. For further discussion of these charges, which were recorded in Selling and administrative expense, refer to Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(G)
Represents non-cash charges primarily resulting from lump sum benefit payments made from BD’s U.S. supplemental pension plan. For further discussion, refer to Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(H)
Includes an $11 million charge recorded by our Life Sciences segment in Selling and administrative expense for contract termination costs that resulted from the early termination of a European distributor arrangement. Also includes a $5 million charge in Cost of products sold resulting from the adjustment to the carrying amount of an asset that is being held for sale, and a gain of $8 million in Other income (expense), net, resulting from the sale of a company in which we held a small equity ownership interest.
Medical Segment
The following is a summary of Medical revenues by organizational unit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015 vs. 2014 (A)
 
2014 vs. 2013 (A)
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Medication and Procedural Solutions
$
2,850

 
$
2,307

 
$
2,196

 
23.5
 %
 
(6.4
)%
 
5.1
%
 
(0.9
)%
Medication Management Solutions
1,033

 

 

 
NM

 
NM

 
NA

 
NA

Diabetes Care
1,012

 
1,037

 
969

 
(2.4
)%
 
(6.7
)%
 
7.0
%
 
(1.0
)%
Pharmaceutical Systems
1,167

 
1,229

 
1,142

 
(5.0
)%
 
(10.1
)%
 
7.6
%
 
2.0
 %
Respiratory Solutions
419

 

 

 
NM

 
NM

 
NA

 
NA

Deferred revenue adjustment (B)
(20
)
 

 

 
NM

 
NM

 
NA

 
NA

 
$
6,460

 
$
4,573

 
$
4,306

 
41.3
 %
 
(8.5
)%
 
6.2
%
 
(0.1
)%
(A)
"NM" denotes that the percentage is not meaningful; "NA" denotes that the percentage is not applicable.
(B)
Represents the amortization of the acquisition-date write-down of CareFusion’s deferred revenue balance to reflect a fair value measurement as of the acquisition date. The write-down primarily related to software maintenance contracts in the United States. Revenues for these contracts is typically deferred and recognized over the term of the contracts.
Overall Medical segment revenue growth in 2015 largely reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s sales in the current period’s results beginning on April 1, 2015. Revenue growth in our Medication and Procedural Solutions unit, which includes our former Medical Surgical Systems unit, additionally reflected growth in international sales of safety-engineered products. Segment revenue growth in 2014 also reflected the Medical Surgical unit's sales of international safety-engineered product sales, as well as sales in emerging markets. The Diabetes Care unit’s revenue growth in 2015 and 2014 reflected sales of pen needles. The Pharmaceutical Systems unit’s 2015 revenues reflected the favorable timing of ordering patterns, as well as international sales of safety-engineered products, and revenue growth for this unit in 2014 benefited from the annualized impact of the first quarter fiscal year 2013 Safety Syringes acquisition. Global sales of safety-engineered products in 2015, 2014 and 2013 were $1.5 billion, $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion, respectively. Growth of safety-engineered product sales in 2015 and 2014 reflected estimated unfavorable impacts of $74 million and $7 million, respectively, due to foreign currency translation.
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Medical segment operating income (Millions of dollars)
$
1,530

 
$
1,291

 
$
1,233

Segment operating income as % of Medical revenues
23.7
%
 
28.2
%
 
28.6
%

19


Medical segment's gross profit margin as a percentage of revenues was lower in 2015 as compared with 2014 primarily due to the amortization of intangible assets acquired in the CareFusion transaction and the amortization of the acquisition-date write-down of CareFusion’s deferred revenue balance, as previously discussed. These unfavorable impacts on gross margin were partially offset primarily by lower manufacturing costs resulting from continuous improvement projects. Gross profit margin as a percentage of revenues was lower in 2014 as compared with 2013 primarily due to unfavorable foreign currency translation, higher start-up costs and costs associated with the fiscal year 2014 workforce reduction actions, previously discussed. Gross profit margin was also unfavorably impacted in 2014 by costs to remediate a quality issue, including incremental investment in manufacturing processes, within the Pharmaceutical Systems unit. These unfavorable impacts were partially offset by lower manufacturing costs resulting from continuous improvement projects. Aggregate selling and administrative expense in 2015 primarily reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s spending in the second half of the current year’s results. Medical segment selling and administrative expense in 2015 also included the depreciation of fixed assets acquired in the CareFusion acquisition which were recorded at fair value. In 2014, Medical segment selling and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues was relatively flat compared with 2013. Research and development expenses in 2015 increased $85 million, or 46% from 2014, primarily due to the inclusion of CareFusion's costs in the second half of the current year's results. Research and development expenses in 2014 increased $11 million, or 6% from 2013, reflecting the program termination charge and the workforce reduction charge, both previously discussed. The increase of research and development expenses in 2014 also reflected ongoing investment in new products and platforms.
Life Sciences Segment
The following is a summary of Life Sciences revenues by organizational unit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015 vs. 2014
 
2014 vs. 2013
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preanalytical Systems
$
1,391

 
$
1,412

 
$
1,352

 
(1.5
)%
 
(6.4
)%
 
4.4
%
 
(0.7
)%
Diagnostic Systems
1,299

 
1,301

 
1,294

 
(0.2
)%
 
(6.5
)%
 
0.6
%
 
(0.8
)%
Biosciences
1,132

 
1,159

 
1,102

 
(2.4
)%
 
(6.0
)%
 
5.2
%
 
(0.3
)%
 
$
3,822

 
$
3,872

 
$
3,748

 
(1.3
)%
 
(6.3
)%
 
3.3
%
 
(0.6
)%
Life Sciences segment revenue growth in 2015 was largely driven by sales of safety-engineered products in the Preanalytical Systems unit as well growth in the Diagnostic Systems unit's sales. Life Sciences segment revenue growth in 2014 was largely driven by sales of safety-engineered products in the Preanalytical Systems unit as well as by growth in the Biosciences unit’s revenues. The Preanalytical Systems unit’s global sales of safety-engineered products were $1.1 billion in 2015, 2014 and 2013. Revenues from safety-engineered products in 2015 and 2014 reflected unfavorable impacts due to foreign currency translation of $69 million and $7 million, respectively. The Diagnostic Systems unit's 2015 revenues reflected growth in worldwide sales of its BD Veritor™ platform, due to a stronger than normal influenza season, as well as growth in its automated platforms, including BD Kiestra™, BD MAXTM, and BD BACTECTM blood culture systems. The Diagnostic Systems unit's 2014 revenues reflected growth in sales of the BD Kiestra™, BD MAXTM, BD BACTECTM and BD PhoenixTM systems, as well as growth attributable to new product launches, but was unfavorably impacted by weaker sales of the Women’s Health and Cancer platform due to guidelines providing for increased Pap smear testing intervals in the United States. Share losses related to the BD ProbeTec™ and BD Viper™ system unfavorably impacted the Diagnostic System unit's revenues in both 2015 and 2014. The Biosciences unit’s revenue growth in 2015 was driven by research instrument and reagent sales in the United States, partially offset by weaker international sales due to lower levels of research funding in Japan. The Biosciences unit’s revenue growth in 2014 was driven by double-digit growth of sales in emerging markets and was also driven by clinical reagent sales in all regions, as well as by instrument placements in both Asia and the United States.
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Life Sciences segment operating income (Millions of dollars)
$
839

 
$
861

 
$
907

Segment operating income as % of Life Sciences revenues
21.9
%
 
22.2
%
 
24.2
%
Life Sciences segment's gross profit margin as a percentage of revenues was lower in fiscal year 2015 compared with 2014 primarily due to unfavorable foreign currency translation, as well as various immaterial items. Gross profit margin as a percentage of revenues in the Life Sciences segment was lower in 2014 compared with 2013 primarily due to the impact of unfavorable product mix, unfavorable foreign currency translation, costs associated with plant shutdowns and various immaterial items. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Life Sciences revenues decreased in 2015 compared with 2014 as the prior-year period reflected the previously discussed charge relating to the early termination of a distributor

20


arrangement. A decrease of selling and administrative expense as a percent of revenues in 2014 reflected the net favorable impact of various immaterial items, partially offset by the distributor arrangement termination charge. Research and development expense in 2015 was flat compared with research and development expense in 2014, which reflected an increase of $20 million, or 8%, compared with spending in 2013. Research and development expense in 2015 reflected increased investment in new products and platforms, including the BD ViperTM and BD MaxTM platforms, and increased spending relating to the acquisitions of GenCell Biosystems ("GenCell") and Cellular Research, Inc. ("Cellular Research") in the first and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2015, respectively. These increases in 2015 spending were lower in comparison to the increased spending in 2014, which reflected the $20 million asset write-off and costs associated with workforce reduction actions, as previously discussed.
Geographic Revenues
BD’s worldwide revenues by geography in fiscal years 2015, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015 vs. 2014
 
2014 vs. 2013
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
Total
Change
 
Estimated
FX
Impact
 
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
5,069

 
$
3,417

 
$
3,353

 
48.4
%
 

 
1.9
%
 

International
5,213

 
5,029

 
4,701

 
3.6
%
 
(12.6
)%
 
7.0
%
 
(0.6
)%
Total Revenues
$
10,282

 
$
8,446

 
$
8,054

 
21.7
%
 
(7.5
)%
 
4.9
%
 
(0.3
)%

The Medical segment's U.S. revenue growth reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s U.S. sales of approximately $1.5 billion in the results for the second half of fiscal year 2015, as well as overall strength in the segment's legacy product portfolio, which was particularly driven by sales of flush and safety-engineered products. U.S. Life Sciences revenue growth in 2015 benefited from a stronger than normal influenza season, as discussed previously, and growth in the Biosciences unit’s research reagents and instrument placements, reflecting a favorable funding environment in the U.S. market. U.S. Life Sciences growth in 2015 was unfavorably impacted by share losses related to the BD ProbeTec™ and BD Viper™ systems. U.S. revenue growth for our Medical segment in 2014 reflected sales of pen needles in the Diabetes Care unit. The Pharmaceutical Systems unit’s revenue growth in 2014 benefited from the annualized impact of the Safety Syringes acquisition. U.S. Life Sciences revenue growth in 2014 benefited from growth in the Biosciences unit’s clinical reagents and instrument placements. U.S. Life Sciences growth in 2014 was unfavorably impacted by a decline in Women’s Health and Cancer platform sales, as previously discussed, and by share losses related to the BD ProbeTec™ and BD Viper™ systems.
International revenue growth in the Medical segment in 2015 reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s sales in results for the second half of the current year, as well as growth of sales in emerging markets and sales of safety-engineered products in the Medication and Procedural Solutions and Pharmaceutical Systems units. The Medical segment's international revenue growth additionally reflected sales of flush products as well as sales of pen needles in the Diabetes Care unit. International Life Sciences revenue growth in 2015 was largely driven by growth in emerging markets as well as by sales of safety-engineered products. International Life Sciences revenue growth in 2015 also benefited from growth in sales of microbiology products, including lab automation products, but was partially offset by weaker Biosciences unit sales primarily due to lower levels of research funding in Japan. Emerging market revenues in 2015 of $2.143 million represented an increase of 0.9% over fiscal year 2014, including a 8.3% unfavorable impact due to foreign currency translation, and accounted for approximately 21% of our total revenues. International revenues in 2014 reflected growth in both segments. International Medical and Life Sciences revenue growth in 2014 was largely driven by emerging market growth as well as by sales of safety-engineered products. International Life Sciences revenue growth in 2014 also benefited from the KIESTRA acquisition. Emerging market revenues in 2014 of $2.123 billion represented an increase of 9.3% over the prior year, including a 3.0% unfavorable impact due to foreign currency translation, and accounted for approximately 25% of our total revenues.

21


Gross Profit Margin and Operating Expenses
Gross profit margin, selling and administrative expense and research and development expense as percentages of revenues in 2015, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in basis points
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2015 vs. 2014
 
2014 vs. 2013
Gross profit margin %
45.7
%
 
50.9
%
 
51.8
%
 
(520
)
 
(90
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and administrative expense (Millions of dollars)
$
2,563

 
$
2,145

 
$
2,422

 
 
 
 
% of revenues
24.9
%
 
25.4
%
 
30.1
%
 
(50
)
 
(470
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development expense (Millions of dollars)
$
632

 
$
550

 
$
494

 
 
 
 
% of revenues
6.1
%
 
6.5
%
 
6.1
%
 
(40
)
 
40

Gross profit margin
The decrease in gross profit margin in 2015 compared with 2014 reflected an unfavorable impact of 550 basis points due to purchase accounting adjustments to reflect CareFusion's inventory at fair value on the acquisition date, as well as the amortization and depreciation impacts of intangible and fixed assets, respectively, that were acquired in the CareFusion acquisition. Gross margin for the current-year period also reflected an estimated unfavorable impact of 50 basis points relating to foreign currency translation and a favorable operating performance impact of approximately 80 basis points, which primarily reflected lower manufacturing costs from continuous improvement projects.
The decrease in gross profit margin in 2014 compared with 2013 reflected an estimated unfavorable impact of 60 basis points relating to foreign currency translation. Operating performance reflected benefits of 100 basis points relating to lower manufacturing costs from continuous improvement projects and lower pension costs. These benefits were more than offset by unfavorable impacts of approximately 130 basis points, including unfavorable product mix and the costs to remediate a quality issue, as previously discussed. The unfavorable impact to operating performance also reflected higher start-up and raw material costs, as well as the employee termination costs resulting from workforce reduction actions, also previously discussed.
Selling and administrative
Aggregate expenses in 2015 reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s selling and administrative expenses in the second half of the current year’s results, as well as the depreciation of fixed assets acquired in the CareFusion acquisition which were recorded at fair value. Selling and administrative expense in 2015 was favorably impacted by foreign currency translation of approximately $138 million. Aggregate expenses in 2015 also included increased spending of $39 million relating to the expansion of our business in emerging markets, as well as a $12 million charge relating to the RTI litigation matter, as previously discussed.
Aggregate expenses in 2014 were lower in comparison to 2013 which included charges of $363 million relating to the litigation matters previously discussed. Aggregate expenses in 2014 also reflected the favorable impact of lower pension costs, lower legal costs and favorable foreign currency translation totaling $54 million. Aggregate expenses in 2014 were unfavorably impacted by $30 million of specified items, primarily the workforce reduction charge and the contract termination charge, as previously discussed. Aggregate spending in 2014 also included $41 million relating to the expansion of our business in emerging markets and an incremental first quarter impact of the medical device excise tax of $14 million.
Research and development
Research and development expense in 2015 reflected the inclusion of CareFusion’s research and development expenses in the results for the second half of fiscal year 2015. Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues in 2015 was lower in comparison to the prior-year period’s expense, which included a workforce reduction charge, asset write-offs and program termination charges. In addition to these items, research and development expense in 2014 reflected ongoing investment in new products and platforms within the Medical segment.
Acquisition-related costs
Acquisition-related costs incurred of $426 million in fiscal year 2015 substantially related to the CareFusion acquisition and consisted of transaction, integration and restructuring costs of $59 million, $95 million and $271 million, respectively. The transaction and integration costs reflected advisory, legal, and other costs incurred in connection with the CareFusion acquisition. The restructuring costs in 2015 reflected employee termination costs, share-based compensation expense, asset write-offs and other restructuring costs relating to the acquisition. For further discussion regarding these costs, refer to Notes 7, 8 and 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

22


Net Interest Expense
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Millions of dollars)
Interest expense
$
371

 
$
135

 
$
138

Interest income
15

 
46

 
40

Net interest expense
$
356

 
$
89

 
$
98

The increase in interest expense in 2015 compared with 2014 primarily reflected increased financing costs associated with the CareFusion acquisition, including interest on $6.2 billion of senior unsecured notes issued in December 2014, in anticipation of closing the CareFusion acquisition. Interest expense in fiscal year 2015 additionally included commitment fees for a bridge loan facility entered into concurrently with the execution of the agreement to acquire CareFusion to ensure our ability to fund the cash portion of consideration due under the acquisition agreement. These increases in interest expense in fiscal year 2015 were partially offset by $16 million due to the favorable amortization of the acquisition-date fair value step-up recorded on CareFusion’s long-term debt. Additional disclosures regarding the debt issuance, bridge loan facility and debt assumed are provided in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. The decrease in interest expense in 2014 compared with 2013 primarily reflected lower levels of long-term fixed-rate debt and a reduction of interest payments through fixed-to-floating interest rate swap agreements. For further discussion regarding these swap arrangements, refer to Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The decrease in interest income in 2015 compared with 2014 reflected lower cash levels outside of the United States as well as investment losses on assets related to our deferred compensation plan. The offsetting movement in the deferred compensation plan liability was recorded in Selling and administrative expense. The increase in interest income in 2014 compared with 2013 reflected higher interest rates on investments outside the United States, partially offset by the impact of lower investment gains on assets related to our deferred compensation plan.
Income Taxes
The effective tax rate in 2015 was 5.9% as compared with the 2014 rate of 22.1%. The impact on BD’s income mix of the previously discussed specified items reduced the effective income tax rate in 2015 by 1,720 basis points as the tax benefits on these specified items were primarily incurred in higher tax jurisdictions. The decrease in the income tax rate in fiscal year 2015 additionally reflected the extension of the U.S. research and development income tax credit, which was partially offset by the unfavorable impact of one-time discrete items. The effective income tax rate in 2014 reflected our decision to change our position of permanent reinvestment with respect to the unremitted earnings of Brazil and certain other Latin American jurisdictions, the impact of which was more than offset by the benefits resulting from discrete one-time items and geographic mix. The effective income tax rate in 2013 of 20.2% reflected the favorable impact from various tax settlements in multiple jurisdictions and the reinstatement of the U.S. research and development tax credit, partially offset by a lower benefit on foreign earnings. 
Income and Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Income from continuing operations (Millions of dollars)
$
695

 
$
1,185

 
$
929

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$
3.35

 
$
5.99

 
$
4.67

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2015 reflected an unfavorable impact of $3.79 relating to the previously discussed specified items as well as an estimated unfavorable impact of $0.69 due to foreign currency translation. Additionally, diluted earnings per share for 2015 reflected a dilutive impact of $0.02 from the shares BD issued, as part of the total consideration transferred upon the closing of the CareFusion acquisition, prior to the inclusion of CareFusion in our consolidated results of operations. The previously discussed specified items recorded in 2014 decreased diluted earnings per share from continuing operations by $0.51. In addition, the medical device excise tax was in effect for an additional quarter in 2014 compared with 2013, the impact of which was $0.05. Earnings in 2014 additionally reflected an estimated $0.22 unfavorable impact compared with 2013 from foreign currency translation. The previously discussed specified items recorded in 2013 decreased diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2013 by $1.40.

23


Financial Instrument Market Risk
We selectively use financial instruments to manage market risk, primarily foreign currency exchange risk and interest rate risk relating to our ongoing business operations. The counterparties to these contracts are highly rated financial institutions. We do not enter into financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
Foreign Exchange Risk
BD and its subsidiaries transact business in various foreign currencies throughout Europe, Greater Asia, Canada and Latin America. We face foreign currency exposure from the effect of fluctuating exchange rates on payables and receivables relating to transactions that are denominated in currencies other than our functional currency. These payables and receivables primarily arise from intercompany transactions. We hedge substantially all such exposures, primarily through the use of forward contracts. We also face currency exposure that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations, including sales, to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that have fluctuated from the beginning of a reporting period. From time to time, we may purchase forward contracts and options to hedge certain forecasted transactions that are denominated in foreign currencies in order to partially protect against a reduction in the value of future earnings resulting from adverse foreign exchange rate movements. Gains or losses on derivative instruments are largely offset by the gains or losses on the underlying hedged transactions. We did not enter into contracts to hedge cash flows against foreign currency fluctuations in fiscal year 2015 or 2014.
Derivative financial instruments are recorded on our balance sheet at fair value. For foreign currency derivatives, market risk is determined by calculating the impact on fair value of an assumed change in foreign exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar. Fair values were estimated based upon observable inputs, specifically spot currency rates and foreign currency prices for similar assets and liabilities.
With respect to the foreign currency derivative instruments outstanding at September 30, 2015 and 2014, the impact changes in the U.S. dollar would have on pre-tax earnings was estimated as follows:
 
Increase (decrease)
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
10% appreciation in U.S. dollar
$
(28
)
 
$
(19
)
10% depreciation in U.S. dollar
$
28

 
$
19

These calculations do not reflect the impact of exchange gains or losses on the underlying transactions that would substantially offset the results of the derivative instruments.
Interest Rate Risk
Our primary interest rate risk relates to U.S. dollar borrowings which are partially offset by U.S. dollar cash investments. When managing interest rate exposures, we strive to achieve an appropriate balance between fixed and floating rate instruments. We may enter into interest rate swaps to help maintain this balance and manage debt and interest-bearing investments in tandem, since these items have an offsetting impact on interest rate exposure. For interest rate derivative instruments, fair values are measured based upon the present value of expected future cash flows using market-based observable inputs including credit risk and interest rate yield curves. Market risk for these instruments is determined by calculating the impact to fair value of an assumed change in interest rates across all maturities. At September 30, 2015 and 2014, we had interest rate derivative contracts to convert interest payments on certain long-term debt notes from fixed rates to floating rates.
With respect to the interest rate derivatives outstanding at September 30, 2015 and 2014, the impact changes in the interest rate would have on the fair value of these derivatives was estimated as follows:
 
Increase (decrease)
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Millions of dollars)
10% increase in interest rates
$
(3
)
 
$
(6
)
10% decrease in interest rates
$
3

 
$
6

Based on our overall interest rate exposure at September 30, 2015 and 2014, a 10% change in interest rates would not have a material effect on our earnings or cash flows over a one-year period.

24


Other Risks
From time to time, the Company has managed price risks associated with commodity purchases through derivative contracts. At September 30, 2015, we had cash-settled forward contracts to hedge a portion of our global resin purchase volumes throughout fiscal years 2015 and 2016. A change in the underlying commodity price would not materially affect the value of our commodity derivative instruments outstanding at September 30, 2015.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Net Cash Flows from Continuing Operating Activities
Net cash provided by continuing operating activities was $1.73 billion, $1.75 billion and $1.72 billion in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and was primarily attributable to income from continuing operations, as adjusted for depreciation and amortization. The fiscal year 2015 change in operating assets and liabilities was a net source of cash and primarily reflected lower levels of inventory and higher levels of accounts payable and accrued expenses, partially offset by higher levels of prepayments. The lower levels of inventory reflected the impact, primarily recognized in the third quarter of fiscal year 2015, of the acquisition fair value step-up adjustment recorded relative to CareFusion’s inventory on the acquisition date. Net cash provided by operating activities in 2015 increased by changes in the pension obligation as current-year expense was partially offset by discretionary contributions of $40 million. The 2014 change in operating assets and liabilities was a net use of cash and primarily reflected higher levels of inventory and prepaid expenses, partially offset by higher levels of accounts payable and accrued expenses. The 2014 change in operating liabilities included the payment of $22 million under a settlement agreement related to indirect purchaser antitrust class action cases. The change in accounts receivable includes a $36 million payment of government receivables balances in Spain. Net cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2014 was reduced by changes in the pension obligation resulting primarily from discretionary cash contributions of $75 million.
Net Cash Flows from Continuing Investing Activities
Net cash used for continuing investing activities was $8.32 billion, $948 million and $311 million in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Capital Expenditures
Our investments in capital expenditures are focused on projects that enhance our cost structure and manufacturing capabilities, and support our strategy of geographic expansion with select investments in growing markets. Capital spending in 2015, 2014 and 2013 related primarily to manufacturing capacity expansions and details of spending by segment are contained in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Investments
Cash inflows from the sales of investments of $840 million in 2015 were attributable to the maturities of time deposits in Europe, Latin America and Asia Pacific. 
Acquisitions of Businesses
Cash outflows relating to acquisitions were $8.41 billion, $40 million and $136 million in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Cash outflows relating to acquisitions in 2015 were primarily attributable to the completion of the CareFusion acquisition in the second quarter of fiscal year 2015. Cash outflows relating to acquisitions in 2015 also included cash payments relating to other acquisitions, including GenCell, CRISI, the ARX group of companies and Cellular Research in the first, second, third and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2015, respectively. Cash outflows relating to acquisitions in 2014 represented cash paid to acquire Alverix, Inc. in the second quarter of fiscal year 2014. Cash outflows in 2013 included $124 million relating to the Safety Syringes acquisition and $14 million associated with the Cato acquisition in the first and second quarters of fiscal year 2013, respectively. For further discussion, refer to Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Divestiture
The cash inflow from divestiture of businesses in 2013 represents the first quarter fiscal year 2013 divestiture of the Life Sciences’ Discovery Labware unit, excluding its Advanced Bioprocessing platform. We received approximately $740 million in total gross proceeds from the sale. For further discussion, refer to Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

25


Net Cash Flows from Continuing Financing Activities
Net cash provided by (used for) continuing financing activities was $6.19 billion, $(807) million and $(968) million in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Debt-Related Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities in 2015 included the proceeds from $6.2 billion of notes issued in December 2014 as well as $500 million total proceeds from net borrowings under commercial paper programs. These proceeds were used to finance the completion of our acquisition of CareFusion in March 2015. For additional information regarding these financing arrangements, refer to Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data and for additional information regarding the CareFusion acquisition, refer to Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. In 2013, net cash used for financing activities reflected the repayment of $200 million of 4.55% notes due on April 15, 2013. Total debt was $12.8 billion at September 30, 2015 and $4.0 billion at September 30, 2014 and 2013. Measures relating to this debt are as follows:
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Short-term debt as a percentage of total debt
11.3
%
 
5.1
%
 
5.2
%
Weighted average cost of total debt
3.3
%
 
3.7
%
 
3.8
%
Total debt as a percentage of total capital (A)
58.4
%
 
43.4
%
 
43.1
%
(A)
 Represents shareholders’ equity, net non-current deferred income tax liabilities, and debt
The ratio of short-term debt as a percentage of total debt at September 30, 2015 reflected the reclassification, from long-term debt to short-term debt, of $750 million of floating rate notes due on June 15, 2016.
Repurchase of Common Stock
There were no share repurchases in 2015 as our share repurchase program was suspended in connection with our announced agreement to acquire CareFusion. We repurchased approximately 3.6 million shares of our common stock for $400 million in 2014 and 5.5 million shares for $450 million in 2013. At September 30, 2015, a total of approximately 9.1 million common shares remained available for purchase under the Board of Directors’ September 2013 share repurchase authorization.
Cash and Short-term Investments
At September 30, 2015, total worldwide cash and short-term investments were $1.4 billion, of which $1.1 billion was held in jurisdictions outside of the United States. We regularly review the amount of cash and short-term investments held outside the United States and currently intend to use such amounts to fund our international operations and their growth initiatives. In addition, if these amounts were repatriated from foreign jurisdictions to the United States, there could be adverse tax consequences.
Credit Facilities
In January 2015 and in connection with our agreement to acquire CareFusion, we entered into a commercial paper program which allows us to issue a maximum of $1 billion in notes. A former commercial paper program which had been in place to meet short-term financing needs was terminated in February 2015 and the outstanding borrowings of $200 million under the former program were rolled into the new commercial paper program. At September 30, 2015, subsequent to the completion of the CareFusion acquisition on March 17, 2015, borrowings outstanding under the current commercial paper program were $700 million. Also in connection with the CareFusion acquisition, we entered into a 364-day term loan agreement in December 2014 that provided for a $1.0 billion term loan facility. At September 30, 2015, the term loan was fully repaid with no borrowings outstanding, reflecting principal payments of $650 million, $250 million and $100 million made in April, July and September 2015, respectively. The $9.1 billion of fully committed bridge financing we secured in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, concurrently with our execution of the agreement to acquire CareFusion, was terminated upon completion of the acquisition. Additional disclosures regarding BD’s financing arrangements relating to the CareFusion acquisition are provided in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
We have available a $1 billion syndicated credit facility. This credit facility, under which there were no borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2015, provides backup support for our commercial paper program and can also be used for other general corporate purposes. It includes a provision that enables BD, subject to additional commitments made by the lenders, to access up to an additional $500 million in financing through the facility, for a maximum aggregate commitment of $1.5 billion. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2014, we extended the expiration date of this credit facility to May 2018 from the original expiration date of May 2017. The credit facility includes a single financial covenant that requires BD to maintain an interest expense coverage ratio (ratio of earnings before income taxes, depreciation and amortization to interest expense) of not less

26


than 5-to-1 for the most recent four consecutive fiscal quarters. We were in compliance with this covenant as of September 30, 2015. In addition, we have informal lines of credit outside the United States.
CareFusion Debt Assumed
Upon the closing of the CareFusion acquisition in March 2015, BD assumed senior unsecured notes issued by CareFusion with an aggregate principal amount of $2 billion. Subsequent to closing the acquisition, BD commenced offers to exchange these CareFusion notes for notes issued by BD and this exchange offer expired in April 2015. Additional disclosures regarding this exchange offer are provided in Note 15 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Access to Capital and Credit Ratings
Our ability to generate cash flow from operations, issue debt, enter into other financing arrangements and attract long-term capital on acceptable terms could be adversely affected in the event there was a material decline in the demand for our products, deterioration in our key financial ratios or credit ratings, or other significantly unfavorable changes in conditions.
BD’s credit ratings at September 30, 2015 were as follows:
 
  
Standard & Poor’s
  
Moody’s
Ratings:
  
 
  
 
Senior Unsecured Debt
  
BBB+
  
Baa2
Commercial Paper
  
A-2
  
P-2
Outlook
  
Stable
  
Stable
Subsequent to BD’s announcement regarding our acquisition of CareFusion, the two major corporate debt rating organizations, Moody’s Investors Service (Moody’s) and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services (S&P), provided guidance that they expected to downgrade our debt ratings as a result of the anticipated increase in BD’s net leverage. In December 2014, S&P downgraded BD’s long-term debt and commercial paper ratings from A to BBB+ and from A-1 to A-2, respectively. Following our announced completion of the CareFusion acquisition on March 17, 2015, Moody’s converted its provisional downgrade of BD’s long-term debt rating, from A3 to Baa2, to a definitive downgrade. Concurrently with these downgrade actions, BD’s ratings with both S&P and Moody’s were removed from further review.
BD’s credit ratings remain investment grade after these downgrades. As such, we do not expect these downgrades to have a significant impact on our liquidity or future flexibility to access additional liquidity given our strong balance sheet, our syndicated credit facility, and our commercial paper program. While such downgrades in our credit ratings may increase the costs associated with maintaining and borrowing under our existing credit arrangements, the downgrades do not affect our ability to draw on these credit facilities, nor do they result in an acceleration of the scheduled maturities of any outstanding debt. We believe that given our debt ratings, our financial management policies, our ability to generate cash flow and the non-cyclical, geographically diversified nature of our businesses, we would have access to additional short-term and long-term capital should the need arise. A rating reflects only the view of a rating agency and is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold securities. Ratings can be revised upward or downward at any time by a rating agency if such rating agency decides that circumstances warrant such a change.

27


Contractual Obligations
In the normal course of business, we enter into contracts and commitments that obligate us to make payments in the future. The table below sets forth BD’s significant contractual obligations and related scheduled payments as of September 30, 2015:
 
Total
 
2016
 
2017 to
2018
 
2019 to
2020
 
2021 and
Thereafter
 
(Millions of dollars)
Short-term debt
$
759

 
$
759

 
$

 
$

 
$

Long-term debt(A)
15,783

 
409

 
3,010

 
3,047

 
9,316

Operating leases
246

 
80

 
98

 
44

 
24

Purchase obligations(B)
958

 
628

 
230

 
92

 
8

Unrecognized tax benefits(C)

 

 

 

 

Total(D)
$
17,745

 
$
1,876

 
$
3,338

 
$
3,183

 
$
9,348

 
(A)
Long-term debt obligations include expected principal and interest obligations.
(B)
Purchase obligations are for purchases made in the normal course of business to meet operational and capital requirements.
(C)
Unrecognized tax benefits at September 30, 2015 of $575 million were all long-term in nature. Due to the uncertainty related to the timing of the reversal of these tax positions, the related liability has been excluded from the table.
(D)
Required funding obligations for 2016 relating to pension and other postretirement benefit plans are not expected to be material.
Critical Accounting Policies
The following discussion supplements the descriptions of our accounting policies contained in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to use estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Some of those judgments can be subjective and complex and, consequently, actual results could differ from those estimates. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. For any given estimate or assumption made by management, it is possible that other people applying reasonable judgment to the same facts and circumstances could develop different estimates. Actual results that differ from management’s estimates could have an unfavorable effect on our consolidated financial statements. Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements:
Revenue Recognition
Some of our sales transactions qualify as multiple-element arrangements which require us to identify separate units of accounting within the arrangement and allocate the transaction consideration across these separate accounting units. For arrangements that include software and non-software elements, the transaction consideration is allocated to the software elements as a group as well as to the individual non-software elements that have been separately identified. The identification of accounting units and the allocation of total transaction consideration for multiple-element arrangements may be subjective and requires a degree of management judgment. Management’s judgments relative to multiple-element arrangements may significantly affect the timing of revenue recognition.
Transaction consideration for separately identified non-software units of accounting within an arrangement is recognized upon the completion of each deliverable based on its relative selling price. When applying the relative selling price method, the selling price of each deliverable is determined based upon the following hierarchy of evidence: vendor-specific objective evidence, which is generally based upon historical prices in stand-alone transactions; third-party evidence, which is generally based on market data on sales of similar products and services, if available; and management’s best estimate of selling price. Management’s best estimate of selling price is generally based upon the following considerations: stand-alone sales prices, established price lists, costs to produce, profit margins for similar products, market conditions, and customer stratification.
For software and software-related products, we use the relative fair value method to allocate transaction consideration to each unit of accounting; whereby the evidence used in the determination of fair value estimates are based solely on vendor-specific objective evidence. To the extent that vendor specific objective evidence does not exist for delivered elements of the transaction, we apply the residual method.

28


The revenue allocated to equipment or instruments in multiple-element arrangements is recognized upon transfer of title and risk of loss to the customer. The revenue allocated to extended warranty contracts and software maintenance contracts is deferred and recognized as these deliverables are performed under the arrangement. The majority of deferred revenue relating to extended warranty contracts is generally recognized within a few years whereas deferred revenue relating to software maintenance contracts is generally recognized over several years.
Accounting for Sales-Type Leases
Our accounting for sales-type leases is based upon certain assumptions including the economic life of our leased products and the fair value of our leased products, which is used to determine the interest rate implicit to the lease. These assumptions affect that amount of gross investment in the lease, unearned income, and the sales price that is recognized relative to each sales-type lease transaction. Based upon our anticipation of future technological advances of our products or that of our competitors, the economic life of our leased products is five years as this is the estimated period during which the leased product is expected to be economically usable, without limitation by the lease term. Additionally, five years represents the most frequent contractual lease term for our leased products. Our product configurations are customized for each customer’s specifications, and as such, there is no significant after-market for our used equipment. Residual values, if any, are established at lease inception using estimates of the fair value of reclaimable component parts of the products at the end of the lease term.
The fair value of our leased products is estimated on a quarterly basis, based upon transacted cash sales prices during the preceding 12-month period, and represents normal selling price, reflecting any volume or trade discounts that may apply. Because our products are sold as part of customized systems to a diverse range of customers, many of which are affiliated with a group purchasing organization or integrated delivery network, there is a wide range of negotiated cash selling prices for our products. Accordingly, we stratify our cash selling transactions based on product configuration and customer class to determine a best estimate of fair value for each product specific, within determined customer classes. Based upon this stratification, we calculate the weighted average selling price of each configured product using the interquartile range methodology and remove outliers from the population of normal cash selling prices, which narrows the range of selling prices within each stratified customer class. The resulting weighted average selling price is the single point estimate of fair value that we use as the normal selling price and this fair value estimate is used to determine the implicit interest rate for each product subject to a sales-type lease arrangement. In certain instances, we do not have sufficient corresponding historical cash selling transactions to support fair values of specific combinations of product configurations and customer classes. In these instances, fair value is estimated by applying the average discount percentage given to the respective customer class, over the trailing 12 months, to the list price of the products whose fair value was not determined using the interquartile range methodology described above. The resulting fair value(s) is then used to derive the implicit rate of the lease. The interest rate implicit to the lease is then used to determine the amount of revenue recognized at the inception of the lease and the revenue recognized over the life of the lease.
Our net investment in sales-type leases primarily arises from the leasing of dispensing equipment and as such, the methodology for determining the relating allowance for credit losses is based on the collective population and is not stratified by class or portfolio segment. The allowance for credit losses is based on historical experience loss rates as well as on management’s judgments regarding the potential impact of anticipated changes in business practices, market dynamics, and economic conditions. These assumptions are inherently subjective and it is possible that we will experience actual credit losses that are different from our current estimates.
Accounting for Software Products
We sell and lease products with embedded software and as such, we must evaluate these products to determine if industry-specific revenue recognition requirements apply to these sales transactions. This evaluation process is often complex and subject to significant judgment. If software is considered not essential to the non-software elements of a product but is considered more than incidental to a product as a whole, the product’s software elements must be separated from its non-software elements under the requirements relating to multiple-element arrangements. The product’s software elements must be accounted for under software industry-specific revenue recognition requirements and the application of these requirements may significantly affect the timing and amount of revenue recognized.
We have determined that the software embedded within our infusion products, when sold with safety software, patient identification products, and certain diagnostic equipment, as well as the software embedded within our research and clinical instruments sold by our Biosciences unit, is more than incidental to these product offerings as a whole. However, we have determined that the non-software elements and software elements in these product offerings work together to deliver the essential functionality of these products as a whole. As such, the accounting for these product offerings does not fall within the scope of software industry-specific accounting requirements. We have determined the embedded software within certain other products, primarily dispensing and respiratory products, is incidental to the products as a whole and therefore the accounting for these products also falls outside the scope of software-specific requirements. Generally, our standalone software application sales and any related post-contract support related to these sales are accounted for under the software industry-specific revenue recognition requirements.

29


Impairment of Assets
Goodwill and in-process research and development assets are subject to impairment reviews at least annually, or whenever indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with finite lives, including developed technology, and other long-lived assets, are periodically reviewed for impairment when impairment indicators are present.
We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component. Our reporting units generally represent one level below reporting segments and we aggregate components within an operating segment that have similar economic characteristics. Potential impairment of goodwill is identified by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value. Our annual goodwill impairment test performed on July 1, 2015 did not result in any impairment charges, as the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded its carrying value. We reassessed our reporting units upon the previously discussed realignment of BD’s organizational structure, from a three-segment to a two-segment structure, on October 1, 2014 and upon our acquisition of CareFusion on March 17, 2015. While the segment realignment did not change BD's reporting units for purposes of goodwill impairment testing, the reporting units within the Medical segment were redefined as a result of the CareFusion acquisition.
We generally use the income approach to derive the fair value for impairment assessments. This approach calculates fair value by estimating future cash flows attributable to the assets and then discounting these cash flows to a present value using a risk-adjusted discount rate. We selected this method because we believe the income approach most appropriately measures our income producing assets. This approach requires significant management judgment with respect to future volume, revenue and expense growth rates, changes in working capital use, appropriate discount rates and other assumptions and estimates. The estimates and assumptions used are consistent with BD’s business plans. The use of alternative estimates and assumptions could increase or decrease the estimated fair value of the asset, and potentially result in different impacts to BD’s results of operations. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates.
Income Taxes
BD maintains valuation allowances where it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Changes in valuation allowances are included in our tax provision in the period of change. In determining whether a valuation allowance is warranted, management evaluates factors such as prior earnings history, expected future earnings, carry back and carry forward periods, and tax strategies that could potentially enhance the likelihood of realization of a deferred tax asset.
BD conducts business and files tax returns in numerous countries and currently has tax audits in progress in a number of tax jurisdictions. In evaluating the exposure associated with various tax filing positions, we record accruals for uncertain tax positions based on the technical support for the positions, our past audit experience with similar situations, and the potential interest and penalties related to the matters. BD’s effective tax rate in any given period could be impacted if, upon resolution with taxing authorities, we prevailed in positions for which reserves have been established, or we were required to pay amounts in excess of established reserves.
BD has reviewed its needs in the U.S. for possible repatriation of undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries and, with exception for certain countries, continues to invest foreign subsidiaries earnings outside of the U.S. to fund foreign investments or meet foreign working capital and property, plant and equipment expenditure needs. Deferred taxes are not provided on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries that are indefinitely reinvested. At September 30, 2015, the cumulative amount of such undistributed earnings indefinitely reinvested outside the United States was $7.5 billion. The determination of the amount of the unrecognized deferred tax liability related to the undistributed earnings is not practicable because of the complexities associated with its hypothetical calculation.
Contingencies
We are involved, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, product liability, antitrust and environmental matters, as further discussed in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. We assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes to these matters as well as potential ranges of probable losses. We establish accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). A determination of the amount of accruals, if any, for these contingencies is made after careful analysis of each individual issue and, when appropriate, is developed after consultation with outside counsel. The accruals may change in the future due to new developments in each matter or changes in our strategy in dealing with these matters.
Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, we are not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which we are a party. In view of these uncertainties, we could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on BD’s consolidated results of operations and consolidated net cash flows.

30


Benefit Plans
We have significant net pension and other postretirement and postemployment benefit costs that are measured using actuarial valuations. These benefit costs include assumptions for the discount rate. Pension benefit costs also include an assumption for the expected return on plan assets. These assumptions have a significant effect on the amounts reported. In addition to the analysis below, see Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional discussion.
The discount rate is selected each year based on investment grade bonds and other factors as of the measurement date (September 30). Specifically for the U.S. pension plan, we will use a discount rate of 4.15% for 2016, which was based on an actuarially-determined, company-specific yield curve to measure liabilities as of the measurement date. To calculate the pension expense in 2016, we will apply the individual spot rates along the yield curve that correspond with the timing of each future cash outflow for benefit payments in order to calculate interest cost and service cost. Additional disclosures regarding the method to be used in calculating the interest cost and service cost components of pension expense for 2016 are provided in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption, although reviewed each year, changes less frequently due to the long-term nature of the assumption. This assumption does not impact the measurement of assets or liabilities as of the measurement date; rather, it is used only in the calculation of pension expense. To determine the expected long-term rate of return on pension plan assets, we consider many factors, including our historical assumptions compared with actual results; benchmark data; expected returns on various plan asset classes, as well as current and expected asset allocations. We will use a long-term expected rate of return on plan assets assumption of 7.50% for the U.S. pension plan in 2016. We believe our discount rate and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumptions are appropriate based upon the above factors.
Sensitivity to changes in key assumptions for our U.S. pension and other postretirement and postemployment plans are as follows:
Discount rate — A change of plus (minus) 25 basis points, with other assumptions held constant, would have an estimated $4 million favorable (unfavorable) impact on the total U.S. net pension and other postretirement and postemployment benefit plan costs. This estimate assumes no change in the shape or steepness of the company-specific yield curve used to plot the individual spot rates that will be applied to the future cash outflows for future benefit payments in order to calculate interest and service cost.
Expected return on plan assets — A change of plus (minus) 25 basis points, with other assumptions held constant, would have an estimated $3 million favorable (unfavorable) impact on U.S. pension plan costs.
Share-Based Compensation
Compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions is recognized in net income using a fair value measurement method. All share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized in the statement of operations as compensation expense (based on their fair values) over the vesting period of the awards. We determine the fair value of certain share-based awards using a lattice-based binomial option valuation model that incorporates certain assumptions, such as the risk-free interest rate, expected volatility, expected dividend yield and expected life of the options. See Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional discussion.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
BD and its representatives may from time to time make certain forward-looking statements in publicly released materials, both written and oral, including statements contained in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases, and our reports to shareholders. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “plan,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “will,” “anticipate,” “estimate” and other words of similar meaning in conjunction with, among other things, discussions of future operations and financial performance, as well as our strategy for growth, product development, regulatory approvals, market position and expenditures. All statements that address operating performance or events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future — including statements relating to volume growth, sales and earnings per share growth, cash flows or uses, and statements expressing views about future operating results — are forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations of future events. The forward-looking statements are, and will be, based on management’s then-current views and assumptions regarding future events, developments and operating performance, and speak only as of their dates. Investors should realize that if underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from our expectations and projections. Investors are therefore cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Furthermore, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events and developments or otherwise, except as required by applicable law or regulations.

31


The following are some important factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our expectations in any forward-looking statements. For further discussion of certain of these factors, see Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Weakness in the global economy and financial markets, and the potential adverse effect on the cost of operating our business, the demand for our products and services, the prices for our products and services due to increases in pricing pressure, or our ability to produce our products, including the impact on developing countries.
Deficit reduction efforts or other adverse changes in the availability of government funding for healthcare and research, particularly in the United States and Europe, that could further weaken demand for our products and result in additional pricing pressures, as well as create potential collection risks associated with such sales.
Risks relating to our acquisition of CareFusion, including our ability to successfully combine and integrate the CareFusion operations in order to obtain the anticipated benefits and costs savings from the transaction, and the significant additional indebtedness we incurred in connection with the financing of the acquisition and the impact this increased indebtedness may have on our ability to operate the combined company.
The consequences of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in the United States, which implemented an excise tax on U.S. sales of certain medical devices, and which could result in reduced demand for our products, increased pricing pressures or otherwise adversely affect our business.
Future healthcare reform in the countries in which we do business that may involve changes in government pricing and reimbursement policies or other cost containment reforms.
Changes in domestic and foreign healthcare industry practices that result in a reduction in procedures using our products or increased pricing pressures, including the continued consolidation among healthcare providers and trends toward managed care and healthcare cost containment. For example, changes to guidelines providing for increased cervical cancer screening intervals has and may continue to negatively impact sales of our Women’s Health and Cancer platform.
Changes in reimbursement practices of third-party payers.
Our ability to penetrate emerging markets, which depends on local economic and political conditions, and how well we are able to acquire or form strategic business alliances with local companies and make necessary infrastructure enhancements to production facilities and distribution networks. Our international operations also increase our compliance risks, including risks under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and other anti-corruption laws.
Political conditions in international markets, including civil unrest, terrorist activity, governmental changes, trade barriers, restrictions on the ability to transfer capital across borders and expropriation of assets by a government.
Security breaches of our computer and communications systems, including computer viruses, “hacking” and “cyber-attacks,” which could impair our ability to conduct business, or result in the loss of BD trade secrets or otherwise compromise sensitive information of BD or its customers, suppliers and other business partners.
Fluctuations in the cost and availability of oil-based resins and other raw materials, as well as certain components, the ability to maintain favorable supplier arrangements and relationships (particularly with respect to sole-source suppliers), and the potential adverse effects of any disruption in the availability of such items.
Regional, national and foreign economic factors, including inflation, deflation, fluctuations in interest rates and, in particular, foreign currency exchange rates, and the potential effect on our revenues, expenses, margins and credit ratings.
New or changing laws and regulations affecting our domestic and foreign operations, or changes in enforcement practices, including laws relating to trade, monetary and fiscal policies, taxation (including tax reforms that could adversely impact multinational corporations), sales practices, environmental protection, price controls and licensing and regulatory requirements for new products and products in the postmarketing phase. In particular, the U.S. and other countries may impose new requirements regarding registration, labeling or prohibited materials that may require us to re-register products already on the market or otherwise impact our ability to market our products. Environmental laws, particularly with respect to the emission of greenhouse gases, are also becoming more stringent throughout the world, which may increase our costs of operations or necessitate changes in our manufacturing plants or processes or those of our suppliers, or result in liability to BD.
Product efficacy or safety concerns regarding our products resulting in product recalls, regulatory action on the part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or foreign counterparts, declining sales and product liability claims, particularly in light of the current regulatory environment, including increased enforcement activity by the FDA. As a result of the CareFusion acquisition, we are operating under a consent decree with the FDA relating to our U.S. infusion pump business. The consent decree authorizes the FDA, in the event of any violations in the future, to order us to cease manufacturing and distributing products, recall products or take other actions, and we may be required to pay significant monetary damages if we fail to comply with any provision of the consent decree.

32


Competitive factors that could adversely affect our operations, including new product introductions (for example, new forms of drug delivery) by our current or future competitors, increased pricing pressure due to the impact of low-cost manufacturers as certain competitors have established manufacturing sites or have contracted with suppliers in low-cost manufacturing locations as a means to lower their costs, patents attained by competitors (particularly as patents on our products expire), and new entrants into our markets.
The effects of events that adversely impact our ability to manufacture our products (particularly where production of a product line is concentrated in one or more plants) or our ability to source materials or components from suppliers (including sole-source suppliers) that are needed for such manufacturing, including pandemics, natural disasters, or environmental factors.
Difficulties inherent in product development, including the potential inability to successfully continue technological innovation, complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory approvals in the United States and abroad, obtain intellectual property protection for our products, obtain coverage and adequate reimbursement for new products, or gain and maintain market approval of products, as well as the possibility of infringement claims by competitors with respect to patents or other intellectual property rights, all of which can preclude or delay commercialization of a product. Delays in obtaining necessary approvals or clearances from the FDA or other regulatory agencies or changes in the regulatory process may also delay product launches and increase development costs.
Fluctuations in the demand for products we sell to pharmaceutical companies that are used to manufacture, or are sold with, the products of such companies, as a result of funding constraints, consolidation or otherwise.
Fluctuations in university or U.S. and international governmental funding and policies for life sciences research.
Our ability to achieve our projected level or mix of product sales, as our earnings forecasts are based on projected sales volumes and pricing of many product types, some of which are more profitable than others.
Our ability to complete the implementation of our ongoing upgrade of our enterprise resource planning system, as any delays or deficiencies in completing the implementation could adversely affect our business.
Pending and potential future litigation or other proceedings adverse to BD, including antitrust, product liability, environmental and patent infringement, and the availability or collectability of insurance relating to any such claims.
The effect of adverse media exposure or other publicity regarding BD’s business or operations, including the effect on BD’s reputation or demand for its products.
The effect of market fluctuations on the value of assets in BD’s pension plans and on actuarial interest rate and asset return assumptions, which could require BD to make additional contributions to the plans or increase our pension plan expense.
The impact of business combinations, including any volatility in earnings relating to acquired in-process research and development assets, and our ability to successfully integrate any business we may acquire.
Our ability to obtain the anticipated benefits of restructuring programs, if any, that we may undertake.
Issuance of new or revised accounting standards by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The foregoing list sets forth many, but not all, of the factors that could impact our ability to achieve results described in any forward-looking statements. Investors should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and should not consider this list to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties.
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
The information required by this item is included in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and in Notes 1, 13 and 14 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.

33


Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Reports of Management
Management’s Responsibilities
The following financial statements have been prepared by management in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and include, where required, amounts based on the best estimates and judgments of management. The integrity and objectivity of data in the financial statements and elsewhere in this Annual Report are the responsibility of management.
In fulfilling its responsibilities for the integrity of the data presented and to safeguard the Company’s assets, management employs a system of internal accounting controls designed to provide reasonable assurance, at appropriate cost, that the Company’s assets are protected and that transactions are appropriately authorized, recorded and summarized. This system of control is supported by the selection of qualified personnel, by organizational assignments that provide appropriate delegation of authority and division of responsibilities, and by the dissemination of written policies and procedures. This control structure is further reinforced by a program of internal audits, including a policy that requires responsive action by management.
The Board of Directors monitors the internal control system, including internal accounting and financial reporting controls, through its Audit Committee, which consists of eight independent Directors. The Audit Committee meets periodically with the independent registered public accounting firm, the internal auditors and management to review the work of each and to satisfy itself that they are properly discharging their responsibilities. The independent registered public accounting firm and the internal auditors have full and free access to the Audit Committee and meet with its members, with and without management present, to discuss the scope and results of their audits including internal control, auditing and financial reporting matters.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Act of 1934. Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework). Based on this assessment and those criteria, management concluded that internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2015.
The financial statements and internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. Ernst & Young’s reports with respect to fairness of the presentation of the financial statements, and the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, are included herein.
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Vincent A. Forlenza
  
/s/ Christopher Reidy
  
/s/ John Gallagher
Vincent A. Forlenza
  
Christopher Reidy
  
John Gallagher

Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President
  
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Administrative Officer
  
Senior Vice President, Corporate Finance, Controller and Treasurer


34


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of
Becton, Dickinson and Company
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Becton, Dickinson and Company as of September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2015. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Becton, Dickinson and Company at September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2015, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Becton, Dickinson and Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated November 25, 2015 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
 
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
New York, New York
 
 
November 25, 2015
 
 



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of
Becton, Dickinson and Company
We have audited Becton, Dickinson and Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). Becton, Dickinson and Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, Becton, Dickinson and Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Becton, Dickinson and Company as of September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2015 of Becton, Dickinson and Company, and our report dated November 25, 2015 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
 
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
New York, New York
 
 
November 25, 2015
 
 



Consolidated Statements of Income
Becton, Dickinson and Company
Years Ended September 30
 
Millions of dollars, except per share amounts
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Operations
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
10,282

 
$
8,446

 
$
8,054

Cost of products sold
5,587

 
4,145

 
3,883

Selling and administrative expense
2,563

 
2,145

 
2,422

Research and development expense
632

 
550

 
494

     Acquisition-related costs
426

 

 

Total Operating Costs and Expenses
9,207

 
6,840

 
6,800

Operating Income
1,074

 
1,606

 
1,254

Interest expense
(371
)
 
(135
)
 
(138
)
Interest income
15

 
46

 
40

Other income, net
21

 
5

 
9

Income From Continuing Operations
 
 
 
 
 
Before Income Taxes
739

 
1,522

 
1,165

Income tax provision
44

 
337

 
236

Income from Continuing Operations
695

 
1,185

 
929

Income from Discontinued Operations
 
 
 
 
 
Net of income tax provision of $0 in 2015, $0 in 2014 and $222 in 2013

 

 
364

Net Income
$
695

 
$
1,185

 
$
1,293

Basic Earnings per Share
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Continuing Operations
$
3.43

 
$
6.13

 
$
4.76

Income from Discontinued Operations
$

 
$

 
$
1.86

Basic Earnings per Share
$
3.43

 
$
6.13

 
$
6.63

Diluted Earnings per Share
 
 
 
 
 
Income from Continuing Operations
$
3.35

 
$
5.99

 
$
4.67

Income from Discontinued Operations
$

 
$

 
$
1.83

Diluted Earnings per Share
$
3.35

 
$
5.99

 
$
6.49


Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
37


Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Becton, Dickinson and Company
Years Ended September 30
 
Millions of dollars
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Net Income
$
695

 
$
1,185

 
$
1,293

Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, Net of Tax
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(692
)
 
(344
)
 
23

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans
(36
)
 
(147
)
 
257

Unrealized (losses) gains on cash flow hedges, net of amounts realized
(9
)
 
5

 
7

Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, Net of Tax
(737
)
 
(486
)
 
286

Comprehensive (Loss) Income
$
(42
)
 
$
699

 
$
1,579



Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
38


Consolidated Balance Sheets
Becton, Dickinson and Company
September 30
 
Millions of dollars, except per share amounts and numbers of shares
2015
 
2014
Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
1,424

 
$
1,861

Short-term investments
20

 
884

Trade receivables, net
1,618

 
1,187

Current portion of net investment in sales-type leases
75

 
5

Inventories
1,959

 
1,495

Prepaid expenses, deferred taxes and other
950

 
698

Total Current Assets
6,045

 
6,131

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
4,060

 
3,605

Goodwill
7,537

 
1,090

Customer Relationships, Net
3,250

 
8

Developed Technology, Net
2,977

 
513

Other Intangibles, Net
797

 
239

Capitalized Software, Net
362

 
365

  Net Investment in Sales-Type Leases, Less Current Portion
1,118

 
9

Other Assets
673

 
488

Total Assets
$
26,820

 
$
12,447

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Short-term debt
$
1,452

 
$
203

Accounts payable
631

 
401

Accrued expenses
1,624

 
1,053

Salaries, wages and related items
647

 
551

Income taxes
33

 
26

Total Current Liabilities
4,386

 
2,235

Long-Term Debt
11,370

 
3,768

Long-Term Employee Benefit Obligations
1,133

 
1,009

Deferred Income Taxes and Other
2,767

 
383

Commitments and Contingencies


 


Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Common stock — $1 par value: authorized — 640,000,000 shares; issued — 332,662,160 shares in 2015 and 2014.
333

 
333

Capital in excess of par value
4,475

 
2,198

Retained earnings
12,314

 
12,105

Deferred compensation
20

 
19

Common stock in treasury — at cost — 121,966,516 shares in 2015 and 140,770,158 shares in 2014.
(8,239
)
 
(8,601
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,738
)
 
(1,001
)
Total Shareholders’ Equity
7,164

 
5,053

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
$
26,820

 
$
12,447


Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
39


Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Becton, Dickinson and Company
Years Ended September 30
Millions of dollars
2015
 
2014
 
2013
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
695

 
$
1,185

 
$
1,293

Less: Income from discontinued operations, net

 

 
364

Income from continuing operations, net
695

 
1,185

 
929

Adjustments to income from continuing operations to derive net cash provided by continuing operating activities, net of amounts acquired:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
891

 
562

 
546

Share-based compensation
166

 
113

 
100

Deferred income taxes
(336
)
 
(32
)
 
36

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Trade receivables, net
(2
)
 
(7
)
 
(1
)
Net investment in sales-type leases
28

 

 

Inventories
200

 
(189
)
 
(145
)
Prepaid expenses, deferred taxes and other
(97
)
 
(120
)
 
(60
)
Accounts payable, income taxes and other liabilities
145

 
199

 
366

Pension obligation
28

 
(29
)
 
(51
)
Other, net
11

 
62

 
(1
)
Net Cash Provided by Continuing Operating Activities
1,730

 
1,746

 
1,717

Investing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(596
)
 
(592
)
 
(522
)
Capitalized software
(37
)
 
(61
)
 
(66
)
Change in short-term investments
840

 
(171
)
 
(225
)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired
(8,414
)
 
(40
)
 
(136
)
Divestiture of businesses

 

 
736

Other, net
(110
)
 
(84
)
 
(99
)
Net Cash Used for Continuing Investing Activities
(8,318
)
 
(948
)
 
(311
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
Change in short-term debt
497

 
(4
)
 
(199
)
Proceeds from long-term debt
6,164

 

 

Payments of debt
(6
)
 

 

Repurchase of common stock

 
(400
)
 
(450
)
Issuance of common stock and other, net
(27
)
 
(9
)
 
44

Excess tax benefit from payments under share-based compensation plans
48

 
27

 
23

Dividends paid
(485
)
 
(421
)
 
(386
)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Continuing Financing Activities
6,190

 
(807
)
 
(968
)
Net Cash Used For Discontinued Operations

 

 
(212
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents
(38
)
 
(20
)
 
(7
)
Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash and Equivalents
(436
)
 
(29
)
 
219

Opening Cash and Equivalents
1,861

 
1,890

 
1,671

Closing Cash and Equivalents
$
1,424

 
$
1,861

 
$
1,890


Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
40


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Becton, Dickinson and Company
Millions of dollars, except per share amounts and numbers of shares

Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of Becton, Dickinson and Company (the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Within the financial statements and tables presented, certain columns and rows may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. Our fiscal year ends on September 30.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the Company’s accounts and those of its majority-owned subsidiaries after the elimination of intercompany transactions. The Company has no material interests in variable interest entities.
Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents consist of all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at time of purchase.
Short-Term Investments
Short-term investments consist of time deposits with maturities greater than three months and less than one year when purchased.
Trade and Financing Receivables
The Company grants credit to customers in the normal course of business and the resulting trade receivables are stated at their net realizable value. The Company's portfolio of financing receivables arises from the leasing of dispensing equipment. The allowance for doubtful accounts represents the Company’s estimate of probable credit losses relating to trade receivables and is determined based on historical experience and other specific account data. Allowances for credit losses relating to financing receivables are also based on historical experience loss rates and the potential impact of anticipated changes in business practices, market dynamics, and economic conditions. Amounts are written off against the allowances for doubtful accounts or credit losses when the Company determines that a customer account is uncollectible.
Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of first-in, first-out cost or market.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are principally provided on the straight-line basis over estimated useful lives, which range from 20 to 45 years for buildings, four to 13 years for machinery and equipment and one to 12 years for leasehold improvements. Depreciation and amortization expense was $417 million, $369 million and $338 million in fiscal years 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The Company’s unamortized intangible assets include goodwill and in-process research and development assets which arise from acquisitions. The Company currently reviews all indefinite-lived assets, including goodwill, for impairment using quantitative models. Goodwill is reviewed at least annually for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component. The Company’s reporting units generally represent one level below reporting segments, and components within an operating segment that have similar economic characteristics are aggregated. Potential impairment of goodwill is identified by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit, estimated using an income approach, with its carrying value. The annual impairment review performed on July 1, 2015 indicated that all identified reporting units’ fair values exceeded their respective carrying values.
The review for impairment of in-process research and development assets is performed by comparing the fair value of the technology or project assets, estimated using an income approach, with their carrying value. In-process research and development assets are considered indefinite-lived assets and are reviewed at least annually for impairment until projects are completed or abandoned. Certain trademarks that are considered to generate cash flows indefinitely are also considered to be indefinite-lived intangible assets and these assets are also reviewed at least annually for impairment.

41


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
Becton, Dickinson and Company

Amortized intangible assets include developed technology assets which arise from acquisitions. These assets represent acquired intellectual property that is already technologically feasible upon the acquisition date or acquired in-process research and development assets that are completed subsequent to acquisition. Developed technology assets are generally amortized over periods ranging from 15 to 20 years, using the straight-line method. Other intangibles with finite useful lives, which include patents, are amortized over periods principally ranging from one to 40 years, using the straight-line method. Finite-lived intangible assets, including developed technology assets, are periodically reviewed when impairment indicators are present to assess recoverability from future operations using undiscounted cash flows. The carrying values of these finite-lived assets are compared to the undiscounted cash flows they are expected to generate and an impairment loss is recognized in operating results to the extent any finite-lived intangible asset’s carrying value exceeds its calculated fair value.
Capitalized Software
Capitalized software, including costs for software developed or obtained for internal use, is stated at cost, less accumulated amortization. Amortization expense is principally provided on the straight-line basis over estimated useful lives, which do not exceed 10 years. The current balance largely includes capital software investments related to a global enterprise resource planning initiative to upgrade the Company’s business information systems. Amortization expense related to capitalized software was $65 million, $41 million and $38 million for 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Foreign Currency Translation
Generally, foreign subsidiaries’ functional currency is the local currency of operations and the net assets of foreign operations are translated into U.S. dollars using current exchange rates. The U.S. dollar results that arise from such translation, as well as exchange gains and losses on intercompany balances of a long-term investment nature, are included in the foreign currency translation adjustments in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).
Revenue Recognition
Revenue from product sales is typically recognized when all of the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; product price is fixed or determinable; collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. Certain sales arrangements contain multiple deliverables, including equipment and service deliverables, which requires the Company to determine the separate units of account. If the deliverable meets the criteria of a separate unit of accounting, the arrangement consideration is allocated to each element based upon its relative selling price. In determining the best evidence of selling price of a unit of account the Company utilizes vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”), which is the price the Company charges when the deliverable is sold separately. When VSOE is not available, management uses relevant third-party evidence (“TPE”) of selling price, if available. When neither VSOE nor TPE of selling price exists, management uses its best estimate of selling price.
Revenue allocated to equipment deliverables is recognized upon customer acceptance, which occurs after the transfer of title and risk of loss to the customer and the completion of installation or training services. When related training services are considered inconsequential, delivery is deemed to occur upon the transfer of title and risk of loss, at which time revenue and the costs associated with installation and training are recognized.
For equipment lease revenue, transactions are evaluated and classified as either operating leases or sales-type leases. Lease income for products sold under sales-type leases is recognized as revenue upon the completion of installation activities in the amount of the present value of the minimum lease payments. The financing component of sales-type leases is recorded as revenue over the lease term. For products sold under operating leases, revenue is recognized at the contracted rate over the rental period, as defined within the customer agreement.
The Company’s domestic businesses sell products primarily to distributors that resell the products to end-user customers. Rebates are provided to distributors that sell to end-user customers at prices determined under a contract between the Company and the end-user customer. Provisions for rebates, as well as sales discounts and returns, are based upon estimates and are accounted for as a reduction of revenues when revenue is recognized.
 
Shipping and Handling Costs
Shipping and handling costs are included in Selling and administrative expense. Shipping expense was $351 million, $299 million and $285 million in 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Derivative Financial Instruments
All derivatives are recorded in the balance sheet at fair value and changes in fair value are recognized currently in earnings unless specific hedge accounting criteria are met.

42


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
Becton, Dickinson and Company

From time to time, derivative financial instruments are utilized by the Company in the management of its foreign currency, interest rate and commodity price exposures. The Company periodically purchases forward contracts and options to hedge certain forecasted transactions that are denominated in foreign currencies in order to partially protect against a reduction in the value of future earnings resulting from adverse foreign exchange rate movements. The Company also periodically utilizes interest rate swaps to maintain a balance between fixed and floating rate instruments. Additionally, the Company periodically manages price risks associated with resin purchase costs through commodity derivative forward contracts. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
Any deferred gains or losses associated with derivative instruments are recognized in income in the period in which the underlying hedged transaction is recognized. In the event a designated hedged item is sold, extinguished or matures prior to the termination of the related derivative instrument, such instrument would be closed and the resultant gain or loss would be recognized in income.
Income Taxes
United States income taxes are not provided on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries where such undistributed earnings are indefinitely reinvested outside the United States. Deferred taxes are provided for earnings of foreign subsidiaries when those earnings are not considered indefinitely reinvested. Income taxes are provided and tax credits are recognized based on tax laws enacted at the dates of the financial statements.
The Company conducts business and files tax returns in numerous countries and currently has tax audits in progress in a number of tax jurisdictions. In evaluating the exposure associated with various tax filing positions, the Company records accruals for uncertain tax positions, based on the technical support for the positions, past audit experience with similar situations, and the potential interest and penalties related to the matters.
The Company maintains valuation allowances where it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Changes in valuation allowances are included in the tax provision in the period of change. In determining whether a valuation allowance is warranted, management evaluates factors such as prior earnings history, expected future earnings, carryback and carryforward periods and tax strategies that could potentially enhance the likelihood of the realization of a deferred tax asset.
Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates or assumptions affect reported assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses as reflected in the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
 
Share-Based Compensation
The Company recognizes the fair value of share-based compensation in net income. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period.

Note 2 — Accounting Changes

New Accounting Principle Adopted

In June 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance that requires the netting of unrecognized tax benefits against a deferred tax asset for a loss or other carryforward that would apply in settlement of the uncertain tax positions. In March 2013, the FASB issued amendments to resolve diversity in practice relating to the release of cumulative translation adjustments into earnings upon the occurrence of certain derecognition events involving a foreign entity. The Company prospectively adopted both accounting standard updates, which did not impact its consolidated financial statements, on October 1, 2014.


43


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
Becton, Dickinson and Company

New Accounting Principles Not Yet Adopted
In April 2014, the FASB issued amended requirements that limit the presentation of discontinued operations to only those disposals that represent a strategic shift that has had, or will have, a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The amended requirements also expand the disclosure requirements relating to disposal transactions. The Company will prospectively apply the amended requirements to disposal transactions that occur on or after October 1, 2015.
In May 2014, the FASB issued a new revenue recognition standard. Under this standard, revenue will be recognized upon the transfer of goods or services to customers and the amount of revenue recognized will reflect the consideration to which a reporting entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this new revenue recognition standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and the Company currently intends to adopt the standard on October 1, 2018, as is allowed under the FASB's July 2015 amendment which deferred the effective date for this standard.
In April 2014, the FASB issued amended requirements that require debt issuance costs, related to a recognized debt liability, to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The Company will apply the amended presentation requirements on October 1, 2016.


44


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)
Becton, Dickinson and Company


Note 3 — Shareholders’ Equity
Changes in certain components of shareholders’ equity were as follows:
 
Common
Stock  Issued
at Par Value
 
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Deferred
Compensation
 
Treasury Stock
(Millions of dollars)
Shares (in
thousands)
 
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2012
$
333

 
$
1,920

 
$
10,435

 
$
19

 
(135,751
)
 
$
(7,769
)
Net income

 

 
1,293

 

 

 

Cash dividends:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common ($1.98 per share)

 

 
(386
)
 

 

 

Common stock issued for:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation and other plans, net

 
50

 

 

 
2,537

 
15

Share-based compensation

 
98

 

 

 

 

Common stock held in trusts, net

 

 

 

 
36

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

 

 
(5,485
)
 
(450
)
Balance at September 30, 2013
$
333

 
$
2,068

 
$
11,342

 
$
19

 
(138,663
)
 
$
(8,204
)
Net income

 

 
1,185

 

 

 

Cash dividends: