10-K 1 d402053d10k.htm FORM 10-K Form 10-K
Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 21, 2012

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2012

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 1-4802

 

 

BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

New Jersey    22-0760120

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

  

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1 Becton Drive

Franklin Lakes, New Jersey

(Address of principal executive offices)

  

07417-1880

(Zip code)

(201) 847-6800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

  

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $1.00    New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  þ        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨        No  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  þ     Accelerated filer   ¨      Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨        No  þ

As of March 31, 2012, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $15,700,984,058.

As of October 31, 2012, 196,957,804 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held January 29, 2013 are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

     3   

Item 1. Business

     3   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     7   

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

     12   

Item 2. Properties

     12   

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

     13   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     16   

Executive Officers of the Registrant

     16   

PART II

     17   

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     17   

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

     18   

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     19   

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     38   

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     39   

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     88   

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

     88   

Item 9B. Other Information

     88   

PART III

     88   

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     88   

Item 11. Executive Compensation

     88   

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

     88   

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     88   

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

     89   

PART IV

     89   

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

     89   

SIGNATURES

     90   

EXHIBIT INDEX

     92   

 

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PART I

 

Item  1. Business.

General

Becton, Dickinson and Company (also known as “BD”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of New Jersey in November 1906, as successor to a New York business started in 1897. BD’s executive offices are located at 1 Becton Drive, Franklin Lakes, New Jersey 07417-1880, and its telephone number is (201) 847-6800. All references in this Form 10-K to “BD” refer to Becton, Dickinson and Company and its domestic and foreign subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated by the context.

BD is a global medical technology company engaged principally in the development, manufacture and sale of medical devices, instrument systems and reagents used by healthcare institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public.

Business Segments

BD’s operations consist of three worldwide business segments: BD Medical, BD Diagnostics and BD Biosciences. Information with respect to BD’s business segments is included in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.

BD Medical

BD Medical produces a broad array of medical devices that are used in a wide range of healthcare settings. BD Medical’s principal product lines include needles, syringes and intravenous catheters for medication delivery (including safety-engineered and auto-disable devices); prefilled IV flush syringes; syringes and pen needles for the self-injection of insulin and other drugs used in the treatment of diabetes; prefillable drug delivery systems provided to pharmaceutical companies and sold to end-users as drug/device combinations; regional anesthesia needles and trays; sharps disposal containers; and closed-system transfer devices. The primary customers served by BD Medical are hospitals and clinics; physicians’ office practices; consumers and retail pharmacies; governmental and nonprofit public health agencies; pharmaceutical companies; and healthcare workers.

BD Diagnostics

BD Diagnostics provides products for the safe collection and transport of diagnostics specimens, as well as instruments and reagent systems to detect a broad range of infectious diseases, healthcare-associated infections (“HAIs”) and cancers. BD Diagnostics’ principal products include integrated systems for specimen collection; safety-engineered blood collection products and systems; automated blood culturing systems; molecular testing systems for infectious diseases and women’s health; microorganism identification and drug susceptibility systems; liquid-based cytology systems for cervical cancer screening; rapid diagnostic assays; microbiology laboratory automation; and plated media. BD Diagnostics serves hospitals, laboratories and clinics; reference laboratories; blood banks; healthcare workers; public health agencies; physicians’ office practices; and industrial and food microbiology laboratories.

BD Biosciences

BD Biosciences produces research and clinical tools that facilitate the study of cells, and the components of cells, to gain a better understanding of normal and disease processes. That information is used to aid the discovery and development of new drugs and vaccines, and to improve the diagnosis and management of diseases. BD Biosciences’ principal product lines include fluorescence-activated cell sorters and analyzers; monoclonal antibodies and kits for performing cell analysis; reagent systems for life science research; cell imaging systems; diagnostic assays; and cell culture media supplements for biopharmaceutical manufacturing. The primary customers served by BD Biosciences are research and clinical laboratories; academic and government institutions; pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies; hospitals; and blood banks.

 

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Acquisitions

During the second quarter of 2012, BD acquired a 100% interest in KIESTRA Lab Automation BV, a Netherlands-based company that manufactures and sells innovative lab automation solutions for the microbiology lab. The fair value of consideration transferred was $59 million, which consisted of $51 million in cash, net of cash acquired, as well as $8 million in contingent consideration.

During the fourth quarter of 2012, BD acquired a 100% interest in Sirigen Group Limited, a developer of unique polymer dyes that are used in flow cytometry. The fair value of consideration transferred was $64 million, which consisted of $52 million in cash, net of cash acquired, as well as $12 million in contingent consideration.

Additional information regarding these acquisitions is contained in Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, which is incorporated herein by reference.

Divestitures

During the first quarter of 2013, BD completed the sale of its BD Biosciences — Discovery Labware unit, excluding its Advanced Bioprocessing platform. Gross cash proceeds from the sale were approximately $728 million, subject to post-closing adjustments. Additional information regarding this divestiture is contained in Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, which is incorporated herein by reference.

International Operations

BD’s products are manufactured and sold worldwide. For reporting purposes, we organize our operations outside the United States as follows: Europe (which includes the Middle East and Africa); Greater Asia (which includes Japan and Asia Pacific); Latin America (which includes Mexico and Brazil) and Canada. The principal products sold by BD outside the United States are needles and syringes; insulin syringes and pen needles; diagnostic systems; BD VacutainerTM brand blood collection products; BD HypakTM brand prefillable syringe systems; infusion therapy products; flow cytometry instruments and reagents; and disposable laboratory products. BD has manufacturing operations outside the United States in Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Pakistan, Singapore, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Geographic information with respect to BD’s operations is included under the heading “Geographic Information” in Note 6 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Foreign economic conditions and exchange rate fluctuations have caused the profitability related to foreign revenues to fluctuate more than the profitability related to domestic revenues. BD believes its activities in some countries outside the United States involve greater risk than its domestic business due to the factors cited herein, as well as the economic environment, local commercial and economic policies and political uncertainties. See further discussion of this risk in Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Distribution

BD’s products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. Order backlog is not material to BD’s business inasmuch as orders for BD products generally are received and filled on a current basis, except for items temporarily out of stock. BD’s worldwide sales are not generally seasonal, with the exception of certain medical devices in the BD Medical segment, and respiratory and flu diagnostic products in the BD Diagnostics segment, that relate to seasonal diseases such as influenza.

Raw Materials

BD purchases many different types of raw materials, including plastics, glass, metals, textiles, paper products, agricultural products, electronic and mechanical sub-assemblies and various biological, chemical and petrochemical products. BD seeks to ensure continuity of raw material supply by securing multiple options for

 

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sourcing. However, there are situations where raw materials are only available from one supplier, which are referred to as sole sourced. The use of sole sourced materials may be due to sourcing of proprietary and/or patented technology and processes that are intended to provide a unique market differentiation to our product. In other cases, while a raw material can be sourced from multiple manufacturers, only one supplier is qualified due to quality assurance, cost or other considerations. In order to provide alternate sources of raw materials, BD must complete a rigorous qualification process, which most often includes completion of regulatory registration and approval. If clinical trials are not required, this qualification process can take 3-18 months depending on the criticality of the change. When clinical trials are required, this process may lengthen the qualification phase for one to three years. BD continuously assesses its sole sourced raw materials and maintains business continuity plans with our suppliers. BD’s continuity plans may include securing secondary supply with alternate suppliers, qualification of alternate manufacturing facilities, maintaining contingency stock, internal development of supply and establishment of technology escrow accounts. While BD works closely with its suppliers, there may nonetheless be events that cause supply interruption, reduction or termination that adversely impacts BD’s ability to manufacture and sell certain products.

Research and Development

BD conducts its research and development (“R&D”) activities at its operating units and at BD Technologies in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. The majority of BD’s R&D activities are conducted in the United States. Outside the United States, BD conducts R&D activities at BD Diagnostic Systems in Quebec City, Canada and Suzhou, China, BD Pharmaceutical Systems in Pont de Claix, France, BD Technologies in Biopolis, Singapore and BD Medical Surgical Systems in Tuas, Singapore. BD also collaborates with certain universities, medical centers and other entities on R&D programs, and retains individual consultants to support its efforts in specialized fields. BD spent approximately $472 million, $470 million and $423 million on research and development during the fiscal years ended September 30, 2012, 2011, and 2010, respectively.

Intellectual Property and Licenses

BD owns significant intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, technology, trade secrets, know-how, copyrights and trademarks in the United States and other countries. BD is also licensed under domestic and foreign patents, patent applications, technology, trade secrets, know-how, copyrights and trademarks owned by others. In the aggregate, these intellectual property assets and licenses are of material importance to BD’s business. BD believes, however, that no single patent, technology, trademark, intellectual property asset or license is material in relation to BD’s business as a whole, or to any business segment.

Competition

BD operates in the increasingly complex and challenging medical technology marketplace. Technological advances and scientific discoveries have accelerated the pace of change in medical technology, the regulatory environment of medical products is becoming more complex and vigorous, and economic conditions have resulted in a challenging market. Companies of varying sizes compete in the global medical technology field. Some are more specialized than BD with respect to particular markets, and some have greater financial resources than BD. New companies have entered the field, particularly in the areas of molecular diagnostics, safety-engineered devices and in the life sciences, and established companies have diversified their business activities into the medical technology area. Other firms engaged in the distribution of medical technology products have become manufacturers of medical devices and instruments as well. Acquisitions and collaborations by and among companies seeking a competitive advantage also affect the competitive environment. In addition, the entry into the market of manufacturers located in China and other low-cost manufacturing locations are creating increased pricing pressures, particularly in developing markets. Some competitors have also established manufacturing sites or have contracted with suppliers located in these countries as a means to lower their costs.

BD competes in this evolving marketplace on the basis of many factors, including price, quality, innovation, service, reputation, distribution and promotion. The impact of these factors on BD’s competitive position varies among BD’s various product offerings. In order to remain competitive in the industries in which it operates, BD continues to make investments in research and development, quality management, quality improvement, product

 

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innovation and productivity improvement in support of its core strategy — to increase revenue growth by focusing on products that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers.

Third-Party Reimbursement

Healthcare providers and related facilities are generally reimbursed for their services through numerous payment systems managed by various governmental agencies worldwide (e.g., Medicare and Medicaid in the United States, the National Health Service in the United Kingdom, the Joint Federal Committee in Germany, the Commission d’Evaluation des Produits et prestations in France, the Ministry for Health, Labor and Welfare in Japan, the Ministry of Health and the National Development and Reform Commission in China, among many others), private insurance companies, and managed care organizations. The manner and level of reimbursement in any given case may depend on the site of care, the procedure(s) performed, the final patient diagnosis, the device(s) and/or drug(s) utilized, the available budget, or a combination of these factors, and coverage and payment levels are determined at each payer’s discretion. The coverage policies and reimbursement levels of these third-party payers may impact the decisions of healthcare providers and facilities regarding which medical products they purchase and the prices they are willing to pay for those products. Thus, changes in reimbursement levels or methods may either positively or negatively impact sales of BD products.

While BD is actively engaged in promoting the value propositions of its products for payer, provider, and patient stakeholders, and it employs various efforts and resources to positively impact coverage, coding and payment processes in this regard, it has no direct control over payer decision-making with respect to coverage and payment levels for BD products. Additionally, we expect many payers to continue to explore cost-containment strategies (e.g., comparative and cost-effectiveness analyses, so-called “pay-for-performance” programs implemented by various public and private payers, and expansion of payment bundling schemes such as Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs), DRG programs, and other such methods that shift medical cost risk to providers) that could potentially impact coverage and/or payment levels for current or future BD products.

As BD’s product offerings are diverse across many healthcare settings, they are affected to varying degrees by the many payment systems. Therefore, individual countries, product lines or product classes may be impacted by changes to these systems. Notably the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“PPACA”) provides for numerous, substantive changes to U.S. healthcare payment systems. Many of the changes set forth in this statute have only recently been promulgated through formal regulations and most of them have yet to be implemented. At this time, it remains unclear whether, or how, the implementation of regulations pursuant to the PPACA might affect payments for BD products. See Item 1A. Risk Factors for a further discussion.

Regulation

BD’s medical technology products and operations are subject to regulation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and various other federal and state agencies, as well as by foreign governmental agencies. These agencies enforce laws and regulations that govern the development, testing, manufacturing, labeling, advertising, marketing and distribution, and market surveillance of BD’s medical products. The scope of the activities of these agencies, particularly in the Europe, Japan and Asia Pacific regions in which BD operates, has been increasing.

BD actively maintains FDA/ISO Quality Systems that establish standards for its product design, manufacturing, and distribution processes. Prior to marketing or selling most of its products, BD must secure approval from the FDA and counterpart non-U.S. regulatory agencies. Following the introduction of a product, these agencies engage in periodic reviews of BD’s quality systems, as well as product performance and advertising and promotional materials. These regulatory controls, as well as any changes in FDA policies, can affect the time and cost associated with the development, introduction and continued availability of new products. Where possible, BD anticipates these factors in its product development and planning processes. These agencies possess the authority to take various administrative and legal actions against BD, such as product recalls, product seizures and other civil and criminal sanctions. BD also undertakes voluntary compliance actions such as voluntary recalls.

 

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BD also is subject to various federal and state laws, and laws outside the United States, concerning healthcare fraud and abuse (including false claims laws and anti-kickback laws), global anti-corruption, transportation, safety and health, and customs and exports. Many of the agencies enforcing these laws have increased their enforcement activities with respect to medical device manufacturers in recent years. This appears to be part of a general trend toward increased regulation and enforcement activity within and outside the United States.

BD believes it is in compliance in all material respects with applicable law and the regulations promulgated by the applicable agencies (including, without limitation, environmental laws and regulations), and that such compliance has not had, and will not have, a material adverse effect on our operations or results. See Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

Employees

As of September 30, 2012, BD had 29,555 employees, of whom 11,915 were employed in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). BD believes that its employee relations are satisfactory.

Available Information

BD maintains a website at www.bd.com. BD also makes available its Annual Reports on Form 10-K, its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and its Current Reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to those reports) as soon as reasonably practicable after those reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These filings may be obtained and printed free of charge at www.bd.com/investors. In addition, the written charters of the Audit Committee, the Compensation and Benefits Committee, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, the Executive Committee and the Science, Innovation and Technology Committee of the Board of Directors, BD’s Corporate Governance Principles and its Code of Conduct, are available at BD’s website at www.bd.com/investors/corporate_governance/. Printed copies of these materials, this 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and BD’s reports and statements filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, may be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, BD, 1 Becton Drive, Franklin Lakes, New Jersey 07417-1880, telephone 201-847-6800. In addition, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

BD also routinely posts important information for investors on its website at www.bd.com/investors. BD may use this website as a means of disclosing material, non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD adopted by the SEC. Accordingly, investors should monitor the Investor Relations portion of BD’s website noted above, in addition to following BD’s press releases, SEC filings, and public conference calls and webcasts. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto shall not be deemed to be incorporated into this Annual Report.

Forward-Looking Statements

BD and its representatives may from time-to-time make certain forward-looking statements in publicly-released materials, both written and oral, including statements contained in filings with the SEC and in our reports to shareholders. Additional information regarding our forward-looking statements is contained in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Item  1A.    Risk Factors.

An investment in BD involves a variety of risks and uncertainties. The following describes some of the significant risks that could adversely affect BD’s business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows.

Global economic conditions could continue to adversely affect our operations.

In recent years, we have been faced with very challenging global economic conditions. Further deterioration in the global economic environment may result in decreased demand for our products and services, increased competition, downward pressure on the prices for our products, longer sales cycles, and slower adoption of new

 

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technologies. During fiscal year 2012, our revenue growth was adversely affected by conditions in the healthcare industry, including lower healthcare utilization, particularly in the U.S. and Western Europe, increased pricing pressure for certain products in our Medical segment and an uncertain academic research spending environment for high-end instruments in our Biosciences segment. We anticipate that these industry conditions will continue for the foreseeable future. In addition, there can be no assurance that these conditions will not adversely affect our ability to do so in the future. Weakening macroeconomic conditions may also adversely affect our suppliers, and there can be no assurances that BD will not experience any interruptions in supply in the future. We have also experienced delays in collecting receivables in certain countries in Western Europe, and we may experience similar delays in these and other jurisdictions experiencing liquidity problems. The continued weakness in world economies makes the strength and timing of economic recovery uncertain, and there can be no assurance that global economic conditions will not deteriorate further.

We are subject to foreign currency exchange risk.

About 57% of our fiscal year 2012 revenues were derived from international operations, and we anticipate that a significant portion of our sales will continue to come from our international operations in the future. The revenues we report with respect to our operations outside the United States may be adversely affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. A discussion of the financial impact of exchange rate fluctuations and the ways and extent to which we may attempt to address any impact is contained in Item. 7, Management’s Discussion of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Any hedging activities we engage in may only offset a portion of the adverse financial impact resulting from unfavorable changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We cannot predict with any certainty changes in foreign currency exchange rates or the degree to which we can address these risks.

Changes in reimbursement practices of third-party payers could affect the demand for our products and the prices at which they are sold.

Our sales depend, in part, on the extent to which healthcare providers and facilities are reimbursed by government authorities, private insurers and other third-party payers for the costs of our products. The coverage policies and reimbursement levels of third-party payers, which can vary among public and private sources and by country, may affect which products customers purchase and the prices they are willing to pay for those products in a particular jurisdiction. Reimbursement rates can also affect the acceptance rate of new technologies. Legislative or administrative reforms to reimbursement systems in the United States or abroad, or changes in reimbursement rates by private payers, could significantly reduce reimbursement for procedures using BD products or result in denial of reimbursement for those products, which would adversely affect customer demand or the price customers are willing to pay for such products. See “Third-Party Reimbursement” under Item 1. Business.

Federal healthcare reform may adversely affect our results of operations.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the “PPACA”) was enacted in March 2010. Under the PPACA, beginning in 2013, medical device manufacturers, such as BD, will pay a 2.3% excise tax on U.S. sales of certain medical devices. We currently estimate that our fiscal 2013 excise tax (impacting only three quarters for fiscal year 2013) will be between $40 million to $50 million. We cannot predict with any certainty what other impact the PPACA may have on our business. The PPACA reduces Medicare and Medicaid payments to hospitals, clinical laboratories and pharmaceutical companies, and could otherwise reduce the volume of medical procedures. These factors, in turn, could result in reduced demand for our products and increased downward pricing pressure. It is also possible that the PPACA will result in lower reimbursements for our products. Other provisions in the law may significantly change the practice of health care and could adversely affect aspects of our business. While the PPACA is intended to expand health insurance coverage to uninsured persons in the United States, the impact of any overall increase in access to healthcare on sales of BD’s products remains uncertain.

Efforts to reduce the U.S. federal deficit could adversely affect our results of operations.

As part of the Budget Control Act passed in August 2011 to extend the federal debt limit and reduce government spending, $1.2 trillion in automatic spending cuts (known as sequestration) over the next decade are

 

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due to go into effect, beginning in 2013, in the absence of further legislative action. Half of the automatic reductions would come from lowering the caps imposed on non-defense discretionary spending and cutting domestic entitlement programs, including reductions in payments to Medicare providers. Government research funding could also be impacted as part of any deficit reduction. Any such reductions in government healthcare spending or research funding could result in reduced demand for our products or additional pricing pressure.

Price volatility could adversely affect costs associated with our operations.

Our results of operations could be negatively impacted by price volatility in the cost of raw materials, components, freight and energy. In particular, BD purchases supplies of resins, which are oil-based components used in the manufacture of certain products. Any significant increases in resin costs could adversely impact future operating results. Increases in the price of oil can also increase BD’s costs for packaging and transportation. New laws or regulations adopted in response to climate change could also increase energy costs and the costs of certain raw materials and components.

BD’s future growth is dependent upon the development of new products, and there can be no assurance that such products will be developed.

A significant element of our strategy is to increase revenue growth by focusing on products that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers. The development of these products requires significant research and development, clinical trials and regulatory approvals. The results of our product development efforts may be affected by a number of factors, including BD’s ability to innovate, develop and manufacture new products, complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory approvals and reimbursement in the United States and abroad, or gain and maintain market approval of our products. In addition, patents attained by others can preclude or delay our commercialization of a product. There can be no assurance that any products now in development or that we may seek to develop in the future will achieve technological feasibility, obtain regulatory approval or gain market acceptance.

We cannot guarantee that any of BD’s strategic acquisitions, investments or alliances will be successful.

As part of our strategy to increase revenue growth, we seek to supplement our internal growth through strategic acquisitions, investments and alliances. Such transactions are inherently risky. The success of any acquisition, investment or alliance may be affected by a number of factors, including our ability to properly assess and value the potential business opportunity or to successfully integrate any business we may acquire into our existing business. There can be no assurance that any past or future transaction will be successful.

The medical technology industry is very competitive.

The medical technology industry is subject to rapid technological changes, and we face significant competition across our product lines and in each market in which our products are sold on the basis of product features, clinical outcomes, price, services and other factors. In addition, increasing customer demand for more environmentally-friendly products is creating another basis on which BD must compete. We face this competition from a wide range of companies. These include large medical device companies, some of which may have greater financial and marketing resources than we do, and firms that are more specialized than we are with respect to particular markets. Other firms engaged in the distribution of medical technology products have become manufacturers of medical devices and instruments as well. In some instances, competitors, including pharmaceutical companies, also offer, or are attempting to develop, alternative therapies for disease states that may be delivered without a medical device. The development of new or improved products, processes or technologies by other companies (such as needle-free injection technology) may render our products or proposed products obsolete or less competitive. The entry into the market of manufacturers located in China and other low-cost manufacturing locations is also creating pricing pressure, particularly in developing markets. Some competitors have also established manufacturing sites or have contracted with suppliers located in these countries as a means to lower their costs.

Consolidation in the healthcare industry could adversely affect BD’s future revenues and operating income.

The medical technology industry has experienced a significant amount of consolidation. As a result of this consolidation, competition to provide goods and services to customers has increased. In addition, group

 

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purchasing organizations and integrated health delivery networks have served to concentrate purchasing decisions for some customers, which has also placed pricing pressure on medical device suppliers. Further consolidation in the industry could exert additional pressure on the prices of our products.

The international operations of BD’s business may subject BD to certain business risks.

The majority of our sales come from our operations outside the United States, and we intend to continue to pursue growth opportunities in foreign markets, especially in emerging markets. BD operations outside the United States subject BD to certain risks, including the effects of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange (discussed above), the effects of local economic conditions, changes in foreign regulatory requirements, local product preferences and product requirements, difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing foreign operations, differing labor regulations, changes in tax laws, potential political instability, trade barriers, weakening or loss of the protection of intellectual property rights in some countries, and restrictions on the transfer of capital across borders. The success of our operations outside the United States will depend, in part, on our ability to acquire or form and maintain alliances with local companies and make necessary infrastructure enhancements to, among other things, our production facilities and distribution networks.

In addition, under the U.S. tax code, we may be subject to additional taxation to the extent we repatriate earnings from our foreign operations to the U.S. In the event we require more capital in the United States than is generated by our U.S. operations to fund acquisitions or other activities and elect to repatriate earnings from foreign jurisdictions, our effective tax rate may be higher as a result.

Reductions in customers’ research budgets or government funding may adversely affect our BD Biosciences segment.

Our BD Biosciences segment sells products to researchers at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, academic institutions, government laboratories and private foundations. Research and development spending of our customers can fluctuate based on spending priorities and general economic conditions. A number of these customers are also dependent for their funding upon grants from U.S. government agencies, such as the U.S. National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) and agencies in other countries. The level of government funding of research and development is unpredictable. There have been instances where NIH grants have been frozen or otherwise unavailable for extended periods. The availability of governmental research funding may also continue to be adversely affected by the current economic conditions and governmental spending reductions. Any reduction or delay in governmental funding could cause our customers to delay or forego purchases of our products.

A reduction or interruption in the supply of certain raw materials and components would adversely affect BD’s manufacturing operations and related product sales.

BD purchases many different types of raw materials and components. Certain raw materials (primarily related to the BD Biosciences segment) and components are not available from multiple sources. In addition, for quality assurance, cost-effectiveness and other reasons, BD elects to purchase certain raw materials and components from sole suppliers. The supply of these materials can be disrupted for a number of reasons, including economic conditions as described above. While we work with suppliers to ensure continuity of supply, no assurance can be given that these efforts will be successful. In addition, due to regulatory requirements relating to the qualification of suppliers, we may not be able to establish additional or replacement sources on a timely basis or without excessive cost. The termination, reduction or interruption in supply of these sole-sourced raw materials and components could adversely impact our ability to manufacture and sell certain of our products.

Interruption of our manufacturing operations could adversely affect BD’s future revenues and operating income.

We have manufacturing sites all over the world. In some instances, the manufacturing of certain of our product lines is concentrated in one or more of our plants. Weather, natural disasters (including pandemics),

 

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terrorism, political change, failure to follow specific internal protocols and procedures, equipment malfunction, environmental factors or damage to one or more of our facilities could adversely affect our ability to manufacture our products.

BD is subject to a number of pending lawsuits.

BD is a defendant in a number of pending lawsuits, including purported class action lawsuits for, among other things, alleged antitrust violations and suits alleging patent infringement, and could be subject to additional lawsuits in the future. A more detailed description of these lawsuits is contained in Item 3. Legal Proceedings. Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, we are not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which we are a party. In view of these uncertainties, we could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. Any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse affect on BD’s results of operations and cash flows.

BD is subject to extensive regulation.

BD is subject to extensive regulation by the FDA pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, by comparable agencies in foreign countries, and by other regulatory agencies and governing bodies. Most of BD’s products must receive clearance or approval from the FDA or counterpart regulatory agencies in other countries before they can be marketed or sold. The process for obtaining marketing approval or clearance may take a significant period of time and require the expenditure of substantial resources, and these have been increasing due to increased requirements from the FDA for supporting data for submissions. The process may also require changes to our products or result in limitations on the indicated uses of the products. Also, governmental agencies may impose new requirements regarding registration, labeling or prohibited materials that may require us to modify or re-register products already on the market or otherwise impact our ability to market our products in those countries. Once clearance or approval has been obtained for a product, there is an obligation to ensure that all applicable FDA and other regulatory requirements continue to be met.

Following the introduction of a product, these agencies also periodically review our manufacturing processes and product performance. Our failure to comply with the applicable good manufacturing practices, adverse event reporting, clinical trial and other requirements of these agencies could delay or prevent the production, marketing or sale of our products and result in fines, delays or suspensions of regulatory clearances, closure of manufacturing sites, seizures or recalls of products and damage to our reputation. Recent changes in enforcement practice by the FDA and other agencies have resulted in increased enforcement activity, which increases the compliance risk for BD and other companies in our industry.

Product defects could adversely affect the results of our operations.

The design, manufacture and marketing of medical devices involve certain inherent risks. Manufacturing or design defects, unanticipated use of our products, or inadequate disclosure of risks relating to the use of our products can lead to injury or other adverse events. These events could lead to recalls or safety alerts relating to our products (either voluntary or required by the FDA or similar governmental authorities in other countries), and could result, in certain cases, in the removal of a product from the market. A recall could result in significant costs, as well as negative publicity and damage to our reputation that could reduce demand for our products. Personal injuries relating to the use of our products can also result in product liability claims being brought against us. In some circumstances, such adverse events could also cause delays in new product approvals.

We may experience difficulties implementing our enterprise resource planning system.

We are engaged in a project to upgrade our enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system. Our ERP system is critical to our ability to accurately maintain books and records, record transactions, provide important information to our management and prepare our financial statements. The implementation of the new ERP system has required, and will continue to require, the investment of significant financial and human resources. In

 

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addition, we may not be able to successfully complete the implementation of the new ERP system without experiencing difficulties. Any disruptions, delays or deficiencies in the design and implementation of the new ERP system could adversely affect our ability to process orders, ship products, provide services and customer support, send invoices and track payments, fulfill contractual obligations or otherwise operate our business.

Our operations are dependent in part on patents and other intellectual property assets.

Many of BD’s businesses rely on patent, trademark and other intellectual property assets. These intellectual property assets, in the aggregate, are of material importance to our business. BD can lose the protection afforded by these intellectual property assets through patent expirations, legal challenges or governmental action. Patents attained by competitors, particularly as patents on our products expire, may also adversely affect our competitive position. In addition, competitors may claim that BD products infringe upon their intellectual property, and resolving any intellectual property claim can be costly and time-consuming. The loss of a significant portion of our portfolio of intellectual property assets may have an adverse effect on our earnings, financial condition or cash flows.

Breaches of our information technology systems could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

We rely on information technology systems to process, transmit, and store electronic information in our day-to-day operations. Our information technology systems have been, and will likely continue to be, subjected to computer viruses or other malicious codes, unauthorized access attempts, and cyber- or phishing-attacks. If successful, these cyber-attacks could compromise our confidential information and disrupt our operations. Cyber-attacks are becoming more sophisticated and frequent, and there can be no assurances that our protective measures will prevent future security breaches that could have a significant impact on our business.

Natural disasters, war and other events could adversely affect BD’s future revenues and operating income.

Natural disasters (including pandemics), war, terrorism, labor disruptions and international conflicts, and actions taken by the United States and other governments or by our customers or suppliers in response to such events, could cause significant economic disruption and political and social instability in the United States and in areas outside of the United States in which we operate. These events could result in decreased demand for our products, adversely affect our manufacturing and distribution capabilities, or increase the costs for or cause interruptions in the supply of materials from our suppliers.

We need to attract and retain key employees to be competitive.

Our ability to compete effectively depends upon our ability to attract and retain executives and other key employees, including people in technical, marketing, sales and research positions. Competition for experienced employees, particularly for persons with specialized skills, can be intense. BD’s ability to recruit such talent will depend on a number of factors, including compensation and benefits, work location and work environment. If we cannot effectively recruit and retain qualified executives and employees, our business could be adversely affected.

 

Item  1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2.    Properties.

BD’s executive offices are located in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey. As of November 1, 2012, BD owned or leased 169 facilities throughout the world comprising approximately 16,290,676 square feet of manufacturing, warehousing, administrative and research facilities. The U.S. facilities, including Puerto Rico, comprise approximately 6,836,839 square feet of owned and 1,768,655 square feet of leased space. The international facilities comprise approximately 6,121,996 square feet of owned and 1,563,186 square feet of leased space. Sales offices and distribution centers included in the total square footage are also located throughout the world.

 

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Operations in each of BD’s business segments are conducted at both U.S. and international locations. Particularly in the international marketplace, facilities often serve more than one business segment and are used for multiple purposes, such as administrative/sales, manufacturing and/or warehousing/distribution. BD generally seeks to own its manufacturing facilities, although some are leased. The following table summarizes property information by business segment.

 

Sites

   Corporate      BD Biosciences      BD Diagnostics      BD Medical      Mixed(A)      Total  

Leased

     3         7         6         56         46         118   

Owned

     2         4         12         24         9         51   

Total

     5         11         18         80         55         169   

Square feet

     1,003,808         800,093         2,707,529         7,718,416         4,060,830         16,290,676   

 

(A) Facilities used by more than one business segment.

BD believes that its facilities are of good construction and in good physical condition, are suitable and adequate for the operations conducted at those facilities, and are, with minor exceptions, fully utilized and operating at normal capacity.

The U.S. facilities are located in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, D.C., Washington, Wisconsin and Puerto Rico.

The international facilities are as follows:

— Europe, which includes facilities in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Norway, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey the United Arab Emirates and Zambia.

— Greater Asia, which includes facilities in Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

— Latin America, which includes facilities in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.

— Canada.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings.

Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, BD is not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which BD is a party. In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, BD establishes accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). In view of the uncertainties discussed below, BD could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on BD’s consolidated results of operations and consolidated cash flows.

 

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BD is named as a defendant in the following purported class action suits brought on behalf of distributors and other entities that purchase BD’s products (the “Distributor Plaintiffs”), alleging that BD violated federal antitrust laws, resulting in the charging of higher prices for BD’s products to the plaintiffs and other purported class members.

 

Case

  

Court

  

Date Filed

Louisiana Wholesale Drug Company, Inc., et. al. vs. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark, New Jersey    March 25, 2005

SAJ Distributors, Inc. et. al. vs. Becton Dickinson & Co.

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    September 6, 2005

Dik Drug Company, et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark,
New Jersey
   September 12, 2005

American Sales Company, Inc. et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson & Co.

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    October 3, 2005

Park Surgical Co. Inc. et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    October 26, 2005

These actions have been consolidated under the caption “In re Hypodermic Products Antitrust Litigation.”

BD is also named as a defendant in the following purported class action suits brought on behalf of purchasers of BD’s products, such as hospitals (the “Hospital Plaintiffs”), alleging that BD violated federal and state antitrust laws, resulting in the charging of higher prices for BD’s products to the plaintiffs and other purported class members.

 

Case

  

Court

  

Date Filed

Jabo’s Pharmacy, Inc., et. al. v. Becton Dickinson & Company

   U.S. District Court, Greenville, Tennessee    June 3, 2005

Drug Mart Tallman, Inc., et. al. v. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark,
New Jersey
   January 17, 2006

Medstar v. Becton Dickinson

   U.S. District Court, Newark,
New Jersey
   May 18, 2006

The Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale v. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York    March 28, 2007

The plaintiffs in each of the above antitrust class action lawsuits seek monetary damages. All of the antitrust class action lawsuits have been consolidated for pre-trial purposes in a Multi-District Litigation in Federal court in New Jersey.

On April 27, 2009, BD entered into a settlement agreement with the Distributor Plaintiffs in these actions. The settlement agreement provides for, among other things, the payment by BD of $45,000,000 in exchange for a release by all potential class members of the direct purchaser claims under federal antitrust laws related to the products and acts enumerated in the complaint, and a dismissal of the case with prejudice, insofar as it relates to direct purchaser claims. The release would not cover potential class members that affirmatively opt out of the settlement or indirect purchaser claims. On September 30, 2010, the District Court denied a motion to approve the settlement agreement, ruling that the Hospital Plaintiffs, and not the Distributor Plaintiffs, are the direct purchasers with standing to sue under federal antitrust laws. On June 5, 2012, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed the District Court’s standing decision and ruled that the Distributor Plaintiffs, not the Hospital Plaintiffs, are direct purchasers entitled to pursue damages. The Hospital Plaintiffs requested that the ruling be reconsidered, but that request was denied. The settlement agreement thus remains in effect, subject to certain termination provisions, and must be approved as to fairness by the District Court. The Distributor Plaintiffs have filed a motion requesting that the settlement agreement be preliminarily approved as fair and reasonable. Certain of the Hospital Plaintiffs have opposed that motion. BD currently cannot estimate the range of reasonably possible losses with respect to these class action matters beyond the $45,000,000 already accrued

 

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and changes to the amount already recognized may be required in the future as additional information becomes available.

In June 2007, Retractable Technologies, Inc. (“RTI”) filed a complaint against BD under the caption Retractable Technologies, Inc. vs. Becton Dickinson and Company (Civil Action No. 2:07-cv-250, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas). RTI alleges that the BD IntegraTM syringes infringe patents licensed exclusively to RTI. In its complaint, RTI also alleges that BD engaged in false advertising with respect to certain of BD’s safety-engineered products in violation of the Lanham Act; acted to exclude RTI from various product markets and to maintain its market share through, among other things, exclusionary contracts in violation of state and federal antitrust laws; and engaged in unfair competition. In January 2008, the court severed the patent and non-patent claims into separate cases, and stayed the non-patent claims during the pendency of the patent claims at the trial court level. RTI seeks money damages and injunctive relief. On April 1, 2008, RTI filed a complaint against BD under the caption Retractable Technologies, Inc. and Thomas J. Shaw v. Becton Dickinson and Company (Civil Action No.2:08-cv-141, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas). RTI alleges that the BD IntegraTM syringes infringe another patent licensed exclusively to RTI. RTI seeks money damages and injunctive relief. On August 29, 2008, the court ordered the consolidation of the patent cases. On November 9, 2009, at a trial of these consolidated cases, the jury rendered a verdict in favor of RTI on all but one of its infringement claims, but did not find any willful infringement, and awarded RTI $5,000,000 in damages. On May 19, 2010, the court granted RTI’s motion for a permanent injunction against the continued sale by BD of its BD IntegraTM products in their current form, but stayed the injunction for the duration of BD’s appeal. At the same time, the court lifted a stay of RTI’s non-patent claims. On July 8, 2011, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed the District Court judgment that BD’s 3ml BD IntegraTM products infringed the asserted RTI patents and affirmed the District Court judgment of infringement against BD’s discontinued 1ml BD IntegraTM products. On October 31, 2011, the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals denied RTI’s request for an en banc rehearing. RTI has filed a petition for review with the U.S. Supreme Court. The trial on RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims has been postponed pending resolution of RTI’s appeal of the patent ruling.

With respect to RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims, BD cannot estimate the possible loss or range of possible loss as there are significant legal and factual issues to be resolved. These include discovery regarding RTI’s alleged damages and liability theories, which has not been completed. Each party has filed motions seeking to exclude portions of the other party’s expert testimony and to preclude the other party from introducing certain other evidence at trial. RTI’s appeal of the appellate court’s patent ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court adds further uncertainty to the possible future outcomes of RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims. In the event that RTI ultimately succeeds at trial and subsequent appeals on its antitrust and false advertising claims, any potential loss could be material as RTI is seeking to recover substantial damages, including disgorgement of profits and damages under the federal antitrust laws, which are trebled. BD believes RTI’s allegations are without merit.

On October 19, 2009, Gen-Probe Incorporated (“Gen-Probe”) filed a patent infringement action against BD in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California. The complaint alleges that the BD ViperTM and BD ViperTM XTRTM systems and BD ProbeTecTM specimen collection products infringe certain U.S. patents of Gen-Probe. On March 23, 2010, Gen-Probe filed a complaint, also in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, alleging that the BD MaxTM instrument infringes Gen-Probe patents. The patents alleged to be infringed are a subset of the Gen-Probe patents asserted against BD in the October 2009 suit. On June 8, 2010, the court consolidated these cases. In a decision dated September 28, 2012, the District Court for the Southern District of California issued a ruling on pre-trial summary judgment motions. The court ruled that some of Gen-Probe’s asserted patent claims are infringed, but other claims are not infringed, thus reducing from six to four the number of patents to be contested at the trial and significant defense issues relating to patent invalidity, inequitable conduct and standing, remain to be adjudicated. Gen-Probe is seeking monetary damages and injunctive relief. BD currently cannot estimate the range of reasonably possible losses for this matter as there are significant issues to be resolved either prior to, or at, trial, including issues regarding patent invalidity, inequitable conduct and standing, as well as motions seeking to exclude portions of the other party’s expert testimony and to preclude the other party from introducing certain other evidence at trial.

BD believes that it has meritorious defenses to each of the above-mentioned suits pending against BD and is engaged in a vigorous defense of each of these matters.

 

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BD is also involved both as a plaintiff and a defendant in other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business.

BD is a party to a number of Federal proceedings in the United States brought under the Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation and Liability Act, also known as “Superfund,” and similar state laws. The affected sites are in varying stages of development. In some instances, the remedy has been completed, while in others, environmental studies are commencing. For all sites, there are other potentially responsible parties that may be jointly or severally liable to pay all cleanup costs.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

The following is a list of the executive officers of BD, their ages and all positions and offices held by each of them during the past five years. There is no family relationship between any executive officer or director of BD.

 

Name

  

Age

    

Position

Vincent A. Forlenza

     59       Chairman since July 2012; Director and Chief Executive Officer since October 2011; President since January 2009; Chief Operating Officer from July 2010 to October 2011; and Executive Vice President from June 2006 to January 2009.

Donna M. Boles

     59       Senior Vice President — Human Resources.

Gary M. Cohen

     53       Executive Vice President.

Alexandre Conroy

     49       President, Europe, EMA and the Americas since June 2012; President, Western Europe from August 2009 to June 2012; and prior thereto, President, Pharmaceutical Systems.

William A. Kozy

     60       Chief Operating Officer since November 2012; and Executive Vice President since June 2006.

James Lim

     48       President, Greater Asia since June 2012; Vice President/General Manager, Central Asia Pacific and Operations from April 2008 to June 2012; and prior thereto, Director of Operations, Asia Pacific.

William E. Rhodes

     58       Senior Vice President, Corporate Strategy and Development since October 2011; President — BD Biosciences from January 2009 to October 2011; and President — BD Biosciences, Cell Analysis from February 2006 to January 2009.

Jeffrey S. Sherman

     57       Senior Vice President and General Counsel.

Stephen Sichak

     55       Senior Vice President, Integrated Supply Chain since January 2009; and prior thereto, President — BD Diagnostics, Preanalytical Systems.

Suketu Upadhyay(1)

     43       Acting Chief Financial Officer since November 2012; Senior Vice President and Controller since November 2011; Vice President of Finance – International from August 2010 to November 2011; and prior thereto, Global Head of R&D Finance and Senior Director of Finance for the CNS Franchise at AstraZeneca.

 

(1) As publicly indicated previously, our former Chief Executive Officer, David V. Elkins, resigned effective November 9, 2012, and Suketu Upadhyay was appointed Acting Chief Financial Officer effective November 9, 2012.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

BD’s common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. As of October 31, 2012, there were approximately 8,679 shareholders of record.

Market and Market Prices of Common Stock (per common share)

 

     2011      2012  

By Quarter

   High      Low      High      Low  

First

   $ 85.32       $ 73.67       $ 79.64       $ 70.65   

Second

     85.64         76.51         80.53         72.69   

Third

     89.58         83.39         78.45         72.18   

Fourth

     89.74         73.25         79.49         73.17   

Dividends (per common share)

 

By Quarter

   2011      2012  

First

   $ 0.41       $ 0.45   

Second

     0.41         0.45   

Third

     0.41         0.45   

Fourth

     0.41         0.45   

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The table below sets forth certain information regarding BD’s purchases of its common stock during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012.

 

Period

   Total Number  of
Shares
Purchased(1)
     Average
Price
Paid
per Share
     Total Number of  Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs(2)
     Maximum Number
of Shares that
May Yet be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs
 

July 1-31, 2012

           $                 11,477,345   

August 1-31, 2012

     2,212,534       $ 75.86         2,210,000         9,267,345   

September 1-30, 2012

     1,065,037       $ 77.57         1,061,439         8,205,906   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     3,277,571       $ 76.42         3,271,439         8,205,906   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes 6,132 shares purchased during the quarter in open market transactions by the trust relating to BD’s Deferred Compensation and Retirement Benefit Restoration Plan and 1996 Directors’ Deferral Plan.

 

(2) The repurchases were made pursuant to a repurchase program covering 18 million shares authorized by the Board of Directors on July 26, 2011, for which there is no expiration date.

 

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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data.

FIVE-YEAR SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Becton, Dickinson and Company

 

 

     Years Ended September 30  
      2012     2011     2010     2009     2008  
     Dollars in millions, except per share amounts  

Operations

          

Revenues

     7,708.4        7,584.0        7,124.4        6,746.7        6,657.4   

Gross Margin

     3,953.0        3,958.9        3,696.1        3,554.6        3,415.6   

Research and Development Expense

     471.8        469.5        422.8        395.9        373.2   

Operating Income

     1,557.9        1,665.9        1,582.4        1,508.4        1,403.5   

Interest Expense (Income), Net

     84.3        40.8        16.1        7.2        (3.0

Income From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes

     1,472.4        1,617.9        1,566.7        1,497.3        1,405.0   

Income Tax Provision

     362.9        417.0        451.9        382.8        382.1   

Income from Continuing Operations

     1,109.5        1,200.9        1,114.8        1,114.5        1,022.9   

Net Income

     1,169.9        1,271.0        1,317.6        1,231.6        1,127.0   

Basic Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations

     5.40        5.43        4.76        4.63        4.19   

Diluted Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations

     5.30        5.31        4.64        4.52        4.05   

Dividends Per Common Share

     1.80        1.64        1.48        1.32        1.14   

Financial Position

          

Total Current Assets

     5,322.1        4,668.3        4,505.3        4,647.0        3,614.7   

Total Current Liabilities

     1,978.1        1,823.2        1,671.7        1,777.1        1,416.6   

Total PPE, Net

     3,303.9        3,211.2        3,100.5        2,966.6        2,744.5   

Total Assets

     11,360.9        10,430.4        9,650.7        9,304.6        7,912.9   

Total Long-Term Debt

     3,761.1        2,484.7        1,495.4        1,488.5        953.2   

Total Shareholders’ Equity

     4,135.9        4,828.2        5,434.6        5,142.7        4,935.6   

Book Value Per Common Share

     21.00        22.48        23.65        21.69        20.30   

Financial Relationships

          

Gross Profit Margin

     51.3     52.2     51.9     52.7     51.3

Return on Revenues(C)

     14.4     15.8     15.6     16.5     15.4

Return on Total Assets(A)(C)

     14.7     17.0     17.1     17.9     18.9

Return on Equity(C)

     24.8     23.4     21.1     22.1     22.0

Debt to Capitalization(B)(C)

     49.7     35.8     23.7     26.8     18.8

Additional Data

          

Number of Employees

     29,600        29,400        28,800        29,100        28,300   

Number of Shareholders

     8,696        8,713        8,887        8,930        8,820   

Average Common and Common Equivalent Shares

Outstanding — Assuming Dilution (millions)

     209.2        226.3        240.1        246.8        252.7   

Depreciation and Amortization

     510.9        493.8        491.4        454.9        462.7   

Capital Expenditures

     487.4        508.8        531.0        575.3        562.4   

 

(A) Earnings before interest expense and taxes as a percent of average total assets.

 

(B) Total debt as a percent of the sum of total debt, shareholders’ equity and non-current deferred income tax liabilities.

 

(C) Excludes discontinued operations.

 

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Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

FINANCIAL REVIEW

Company Overview

Description of the Company and Business Segments

Becton, Dickinson and Company (“BD”) is a global medical technology company engaged principally in the development, manufacture and sale of medical devices, instrument systems and reagents used by healthcare institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public. Our business consists of three worldwide business segments — BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Diagnostics (“Diagnostics”) and BD Biosciences (“Biosciences”). Our products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. References to years throughout this discussion relate to our fiscal years, which end on September 30.

Strategic Objectives

BD remains focused on delivering sustainable growth and shareholder value, while making appropriate investments for the future. BD management operates the business consistent with the following core strategies:

 

   

To increase revenue growth by focusing on our core products that deliver greater benefits to patients, healthcare workers and researchers;

 

   

To increase investment in research and development for platform extensions and innovative new products;

 

   

To make significant investments in growing our operations in emerging markets;

 

   

To improve operating effectiveness and balance sheet productivity;

 

   

To drive an efficient capital structure and strong shareholder returns.

Our strategy focuses on four specific areas within healthcare and life sciences:

 

   

Enabling safer, simpler and more effective parenteral drug delivery;

 

   

Improving clinical outcomes through new, accurate and faster diagnostics;

 

   

Providing tools and technologies to the research community that facilitates the understanding of the cell, cellular diagnostics and cell therapy;

 

   

Enhancing disease management in diabetes, women’s health and cancer, and infection control.

We continue to strive to improve the efficiency of our capital structure and follow these guiding principles:

 

   

To maintain an investment grade rating;

 

   

To ensure access to the debt market for strategic opportunities;

 

   

To optimize the cost of capital based on market conditions.

In assessing the outcomes of these strategies as well as BD’s financial condition and operating performance, management generally reviews quarterly forecast data, monthly actual results, segment sales and other similar information. We also consider trends related to certain key financial data, including gross profit margin, selling and administrative expense, investment in research and development, return on invested capital, and cash flows.

Summary of Financial Results

Worldwide revenues in 2012 of $7.7 billion increased 1.6% from the prior year and reflected estimated volume increases of 5.2%, which included growth from acquisitions of 1.1%, partially offset by estimated unfavorable foreign exchange translation of 2.7%, and estimated price decreases of 0.9%. Solid growth from our

 

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Medical and Diagnostics segments was primarily driven by new product launches and growth from recent acquisitions, safety-engineered products and emerging markets. Revenues in the United States in 2012 of $3.3 billion increased 1%, reflecting pricing pressures for certain Medical Surgical Systems products and an increasingly competitive market for microbiology products. In addition, Biosciences revenue in the U.S. declined due to reduced research funding and constrained demand for high-end instruments. International revenues in 2012 of $4.4 billion increased 2%, which reflected an estimated impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of 5%. International revenues for 2012 reflected growth from all segments, including growth attributable to emerging markets, as well as strong sales of safety-engineered products. Sales in the United States of safety-engineered devices grew 3% to $1.15 billion in 2012 from $1.12 billion in 2011. International sales of safety-engineered devices were $834 million in 2012 compared with $755 million in 2011, or 10.5% growth which included an estimated 5% negative impact due to unfavorable foreign currency translation. International safety-engineered device revenue growth continues to be driven by strong sales in the Medical Segment, with the largest growth in emerging markets, including China and Latin America.

We continue to invest in research and development spending, geographic expansion, and new product promotions to drive further revenue and profit growth. Our ability to sustain our long-term growth will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to expand our core business (including geographical expansion), develop innovative new products with higher gross profit margins across our business segments, and continue to improve operating efficiency and organizational effectiveness. The healthcare industry continues to face a challenging economic environment. The current economic conditions and other circumstances have resulted in pricing pressures for some of our products. As mentioned above, our Biosciences segment continues to be impacted by an uncertain research spending environment and lack of overall demand for instruments and research reagents. In other areas of our U.S. business, healthcare utilization is stable but constrained. Additionally, uncertainty in Europe due to continued macroeconomic challenges has resulted in constrained healthcare utilization in that region.

In addition to the economic conditions in the United States and elsewhere, numerous other factors can affect our ability to achieve our goals including, without limitation, increased competition and healthcare reform initiatives. For example, the U.S. healthcare reform law contains certain tax provisions that will affect BD. The most significant impact is the medical device excise tax, which imposes a 2.3% tax on certain U.S. sales of medical devices, beginning in January 2013. We currently estimate that our fiscal 2013 excise tax (impacting only three quarters for fiscal year 2013) will be between $40 million to $50 million and will be recorded in selling and administrative expense.

Our financial position remains strong, with cash flows from operating activities totaling $1.7 billion in 2012. At September 30, 2012, we had $2.2 billion in cash and equivalents and short-term investments. Cash outflows relating to acquisitions included the purchase of KIESTRA Lab Automation BV (“KIESTRA”), a Netherlands-based company that manufactures and sells innovative lab automation solutions for the microbiology lab, for $51 million, net of cash acquired. The Company also paid $52 million, net of cash acquired, for Sirigen Group Limited (“Sirigen”), a developer of unique polymer dyes that are used in flow cytometry. Capital expenditures were $487 million in 2012 as we continue to invest in capacity across our segments to support future growth. In November 2011, we issued $500 million of 5-year 1.75% notes and $1 billion of 10-year 3.125% notes, as discussed further below. Also, we continued to return value to our shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends. During 2012, we repurchased $1.5 billion of our common stock and paid cash dividends of $368 million.

We face currency exposure each reporting period that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that fluctuate from the beginning of such period. We evaluate our results of operations on both an as reported and a foreign currency-neutral basis, which excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We calculate foreign currency-neutral percentages by converting our current-period local currency financial results using the prior-period foreign currency exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to our current-period reported results. From time to time, we may purchase forward contracts and options to partially protect against adverse foreign exchange rate movements. Gains or losses on our derivative instruments are largely offset by the gains or losses on the underlying hedged transactions. We do not enter into derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. For further discussion refer to Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

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Divestiture

In April 2012, we signed a definitive agreement to sell Biosciences’ Discovery Labware unit, excluding its Advanced Bioprocessing platform. The results of operations associated with this disposal group have been reclassified as discontinued operations for all periods presented in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements of Income and Cash Flows and related disclosures. We completed the sale on October 31, 2012. Gross proceeds from the sale were approximately $728 million, subject to post-closing adjustments, and we expect to record a gain on the sale within discontinued operations in the first quarter of fiscal year 2013. See Note 10 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion.

Results of Continuing Operations

Comparisons of income from continuing operations between 2012 and 2011 are affected by the following items that are reflected in our financial results:

 

   

During the fourth quarter of 2012, we recorded a pre-tax pension settlement charge of $20 million, or $0.06 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, primarily associated with a non-cash charge due to lump sum benefit payments made from BD’s U.S. supplemental pension plan. The charge also included settlement losses associated with certain foreign pension plans. For further discussion refer to Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

   

During the fourth quarter of 2011, we recorded a pre-tax, non-cash charge of $9 million, or $0.03 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, resulting from the discontinuance of a research program within the Diagnostic Systems unit.

Medical Segment

Medical revenues in 2012 of $4.1 billion increased 2.1% over 2011, which reflected an estimated impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of 3.0%.

The following is a summary of Medical revenues by organizational unit:

 

      2012      2011      Total
Change
    Estimated
Foreign
Exchange
Impact
 
     (Millions of dollars)               

Medical Surgical Systems

   $ 2,105       $ 2,082         1.1     (2.5 )% 

Diabetes Care

     911         866         5.2     (2.3 )% 

Pharmaceutical Systems

     1,074         1,059         1.4     (4.8 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Revenues*

   $ 4,091       $ 4,007         2.1     (3.0 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

* Amounts may not add due to rounding.

Medical segment revenue growth, on a foreign currency-neutral basis, reflected solid growth in all units. Medical Surgical Systems revenue reflected solid growth of international safety-engineered product sales and growth from sales of the BD PhaSeal™ product resulting from the Carmel Pharma, AB (“Carmel”) acquisition that occurred in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011. Diabetes Care revenue growth reflected continued strong sales of pen needles, including sales of the BD Ultra-Fine™ Nano. Pharmaceutical Systems revenue reflected the continued strong demand from companies producing biotech drugs and certain heparin products. Global sales of safety-engineered products were $966 million, compared with $885 million in the prior year, and included an estimated $14 million unfavorable impact due to foreign currency translation.

Medical operating income in 2012 was $1.2 billion, or 28.4% of Medical revenues, as compared with $1.2 billion, or 29.5%, of revenues in 2011. Gross profit margin was lower in the current year than in 2011 primarily due to amortization of intangibles associated with the Carmel acquisition, unfavorable pricing impacts on certain product lines and the unfavorable impact of decreased sales of products which have higher gross margins. These

 

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unfavorable impacts on gross profit margin were partially offset by favorable foreign currency translation and lower manufacturing costs resulting from Project ReLoCo, a global, cross-functional business initiative to drive sustained low-cost capability, primarily benefitting Medical Surgical Systems. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Medical revenues in 2012 increased to 17.7% of revenues from 17.5% of revenues in 2011, primarily due to increased spending for expansion in emerging markets and higher expenses resulting from the Carmel acquisition as compared with the prior year’s period, partially offset by continued spending controls and favorable foreign currency translation. Research and development expenses in 2012 increased $11 million, or 8%, and reflected continued investment in the development of new products and platforms, including new diabetes care and closed system transfer devices.

Diagnostics Segment

Diagnostics revenues in 2012 of $2.5 billion increased 2.3% over 2011, which reflected an estimated impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of 2.2%.

The following is a summary of Diagnostics revenues by organizational unit:

 

     2012      2011      Total
Change
    Estimated
Foreign
Exchange
Impact
 
     (Millions of dollars)  

Preanalytical Systems

   $ 1,301       $ 1,278         1.8     (2.5 %) 

Diagnostic Systems

     1,237         1,203         2.9     (1.8 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Revenues*

   $ 2,538       $ 2,480         2.3     (2.2 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

* Amounts may not add due to rounding.

Revenue growth in the Preanalytical Systems unit, on a foreign currency-neutral basis, was driven by sales of safety-engineered products. Sales of safety-engineered products grew 2% in the United States, driven by BD VacutainerTM Push Button Blood Collection Set sales, and 4% internationally, which included an estimated unfavorable foreign exchange impact of 5%. The Diagnostic Systems unit experienced growth in worldwide sales of its automated diagnostic platforms, including the molecular BD ProbeTecTM, BD ViperTM and BD AffirmTM systems, along with solid growth of its BD BACTECTM blood culture and TB systems and the BD PhoenixTM ID/AST platform and its SurePath products. Diagnostics revenues in 2012 also reflected a favorable comparison to the prior-year period due to new product launches and the KIESTRA acquisition.

Diagnostics operating income in 2012 was $653 million, or 25.7% of Diagnostics revenues, compared with $636 million, or 25.7% of revenues, in 2011. Gross profit margin in the Diagnostics segment was down as compared to the prior year and reflected unfavorable foreign currency translation, higher raw material costs, and the unfavorable impact of decreased sales of products which have higher gross margins. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Diagnostics revenues increased by 10 basis points in 2012 to 21.6%, primarily due to investments in emerging markets, partially offset by continued spending controls and favorable foreign currency translation. Research and development expense decreased $9 million, or 5% from 2011 reflecting a program termination in 2011. Current year R&D spending reflected our continued investment in the development of new products and platforms, including the BD MAX™ and new BD Viper™ platforms and menus.

Biosciences Segment

Biosciences revenues, which include the Cell Analysis unit and the Advanced Bioprocessing platform, of $1.1 billion in 2012 decreased 1.5% from 2011, and reflected an estimated impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of 2.2%. Biosciences revenue growth, on a foreign currency-neutral basis, was primarily driven by instrument and reagent sales in emerging markets, partially offset by declines in the U.S. due to constrained research spending.

 

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Biosciences operating income in 2012 was $262 million, or 24.2% of Biosciences revenues, compared with $278 million, or 25.4%, in 2011. The Segment’s operating income in 2012 reflected a lower gross profit margin than 2011 primarily due to the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation and amortization of capitalized software as well as intangibles associated with the 2011 acquisition of Accuri Cytometers, Inc. (“Accuri”). The Segment’s gross profit margin was also unfavorably impacted by increases in certain raw material costs. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Biosciences revenues was 24.4% in 2012 as compared with 24.5% in 2011 and reflected continued spending controls partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency translation. Research and development spending was relatively flat to prior year and reflects spending on new products and platforms, including next generation cell sorters and analyzers.

Geographic Revenues

Revenues in the United States in 2012 of $3.3 billion increased 1%. Growth in U.S. Medical revenues reflected strong sales of Pharmaceutical Systems and Diabetes Care products, which were partially offset by pricing pressures for certain Medical Surgical Systems products. Diagnostic Systems revenue growth in the U.S. was unfavorably affected by an increasingly competitive market for microbiology products and weak sales from our GeneOhm™ healthcare-associated infections (“HAI”) platform, also due to a challenging competitive environment. Biosciences revenues in the U.S. declined in the current year compared with the prior year due to reduced research funding, as we continue to experience constrained demand for high-end instruments due to continued funding concerns in the pharmaceutical and biotech research markets as well as in the academic markets.

International revenues in 2012 of $4.4 billion increased 2%, which reflected an estimated impact of unfavorable foreign currency translation of 5%. International revenues for 2012 reflected growth from all segments, including growth attributable to emerging markets, as well as strong sales of safety-engineered products.

Gross Profit Margin

Gross profit margin was 51.3% in 2012, compared with 52.2% in 2011. The decrease in gross profit margin reflected the estimated net unfavorable impact of 70 basis points relating to operating performance, an estimated 10 basis points relating to unfavorable foreign currency translation and an estimated 10 basis points relating to pension settlements. Operating performance was adversely affected by an estimated 50 basis points due to the impact of decreased sales of products which have higher gross margins. Operating performance also reflected the estimated impacts of 50 basis points due to unfavorable pricing impacts on certain product lines as well as 20 basis points due to increases in certain raw material costs. Operating performance was also adversely impacted by approximately 10 basis points due to amortization of intangibles associated with recent acquisitions, approximately 20 basis points due to Biosciences software amortization and approximately 30 basis points due to other unfavorable one-time impacts. The unfavorable impacts on operating performance for the current year were partially offset by an estimated 80 basis points due to lower manufacturing costs from continuous improvement projects, such as Project ReLoCo, and lower pension costs. Operating performance was also favorably impacted by approximately 30 basis points due to the change in useful lives of certain machinery and equipment assets. See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8 for additional discussion.

Operating Expenses

Selling and administrative expense in 2012 was $1.9 billion, or 25% of revenues, compared with $1.8 billion, or 24% of revenues in 2011. Aggregate expenses for 2012 reflected an increase in core spending of $105 million, primarily relating to expansion of our business in emerging markets, transactions costs relating to the KIESTRA acquisition and higher expenses resulting from the Carmel and KIESTRA acquisitions. Aggregate expenses for the current year also included increased spending of $23 million related to our global enterprise resource planning initiative to update our business information systems and $8 million related to pension settlements. Additionally, aggregate expenses in the current year included a $16 million increase in the deferred compensation plan liability, as further discussed below. These increases were partially offset by favorable foreign currency translation of $41 million and lower pension expense of $11 million.

 

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Research and development (“R&D”) expense in 2012 was $472 million, or 6.1% of revenues, compared with $470 million, or 6.2% of revenues, in 2011. The increase in R&D expenditures includes spending for new products and platforms in each of our segments, as previously discussed. Current year expense also includes $2 million associated with pension settlements. R&D expense in 2011 included a non-cash impairment charge of $9 million resulting from the discontinuance of a research program within the Diagnostic Systems unit.

Non-Operating Expense and Income

Interest expense in 2012 was $135 million, compared with $84 million in 2011. The increase reflected higher levels of long-term fixed-rate debt, partially offset by lower average interest rates on this debt, as well as a reduction in the amount of capitalized interest. The reduction in capitalized interest was attributable to a lower average interest rate on the overall debt portfolio. Interest income was $50 million in 2012, compared with $43 million in 2011. The increase was largely the result of investment gains on assets related to our deferred compensation plan, offset partially by the impact of lower interest rates and lower investment levels in certain non-U.S. locations. The offsetting movements in the deferred compensation plan liability were recorded in selling and administrative expenses.

Income Taxes

The effective tax rate in 2012 of 24.6% was lower compared with the 2011 rate of 25.8%. The 2012 rate reflected the favorable impact of various tax settlements in multiple jurisdictions, while 2011 reflected the favorable impact due to the timing of certain tax benefits resulting from the retroactive extension of the U.S. research tax credit and a European restructuring transaction.

Income and Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations

Income from continuing operations and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2012 were $1.1 billion and $5.30, respectively. The charge related to pension settlements decreased income from continuing operations in 2012 by $13 million, or $0.06 per share. Earnings in 2012 also reflected an estimated overall net unfavorable impact of foreign currency fluctuations of $0.21 per share. Income from continuing operations and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2011 were $1.2 billion and $5.31, respectively. The charge related to the discontinuance of a research program decreased income from continuing operations in 2011 by $6 million, or $0.03 per share.

Financial Instrument Market Risk

We selectively use financial instruments to manage market risk, primarily foreign currency exchange risk and interest rate risk relating to our ongoing business operations. The counterparties to these contracts are highly rated financial institutions. We do not enter into financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Foreign Exchange Risk

BD and its subsidiaries transact business in various foreign currencies throughout Europe, Asia Pacific, Canada, Japan and Latin America. We face foreign currency exposure from the effect of fluctuating exchange rates on payables and receivables relating to transactions that are denominated in currencies other than our functional currency. These payables and receivables primarily arise from intercompany transactions. We hedge substantially all such exposures, primarily through the use of forward contracts. We also face currency exposure that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations, including sales, to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that have fluctuated from the beginning of a reporting period. From time to time, we purchase forward contracts and options to hedge certain forecasted sales that are denominated in foreign currencies in order to partially protect against a reduction in the value of future sales resulting from adverse foreign exchange rate movements. Gains or losses on our derivative instruments are largely offset by the gains or losses on the underlying hedged transactions. We did not enter into contracts to hedge cash flows in fiscal year 2012.

 

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Derivative financial instruments are recorded on our balance sheet at fair value. For foreign currency derivatives, market risk is determined by calculating the impact on fair value of an assumed change in foreign exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar. Fair values were estimated based upon observable inputs, specifically spot currency rates and foreign currency prices for similar assets and liabilities. With respect to the derivative instruments outstanding at September 30, 2012, a 10% appreciation of the U.S. dollar over a one-year period would decrease pre-tax earnings by $8 million, while a 10% depreciation of the U.S. dollar would increase pre-tax earnings by $8 million. Comparatively, considering our derivative instruments outstanding at September 30, 2011, a 10% appreciation of the U.S. dollar over a one-year period would have decreased pre-tax earnings by $23 million, while a 10% depreciation of the U.S. dollar would have increased pre-tax earnings by $23 million. These calculations do not reflect the impact of exchange gains or losses on the underlying transactions that would substantially offset the results of the derivative instruments.

Interest Rate Risk

Our primary interest rate exposure results from changes in short-term U.S. dollar interest rates. Our debt and interest-bearing investments at September 30, 2012 are substantially all U.S. dollar-denominated. Therefore, transaction and translation exposure relating to such instruments is minimal. When managing interest rate exposures, we strive to achieve an appropriate balance between fixed and floating rate instruments. We may enter into interest rate swaps to help maintain this balance and manage debt and interest-bearing investments in tandem, since these items have an offsetting impact on interest rate exposure. For interest rate derivative instruments, fair values are provided by the financial institutions that are counterparties to these arrangements. Market risk for these instruments is determined by calculating the impact to fair value of an assumed change in interest rates across all maturities. A change in interest rates on short-term debt and interest-bearing investments impacts our earnings and cash flow, but not the fair value of these instruments because of their limited duration. A change in interest rates on long-term debt is assumed to impact the fair value of the debt, but not our earnings or cash flow because the interest on such obligations is fixed. Based on our overall interest rate exposure at September 30, 2012 and 2011, a change of 10% in interest rates would not have a material effect on our earnings or cash flows over a one-year period. An increase of 10% in interest rates would decrease the aggregate fair value of our long-term debt and related fair value hedges at September 30, 2012 and 2011 by approximately $109 million and $90 million, respectively. A 10% decrease in interest rates would increase the aggregate fair value of these same financial instruments at September 30, 2012 and 2011 by approximately $115 million and $96 million, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Operating Activities

Net cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2012 was $1.7 billion, compared with $1.6 billion in 2011. The current year change in operating assets and liabilities resulted in a net use of cash and primarily reflected higher levels of inventory and accounts receivables, substantially offset by lower levels of prepaid expenses. Net cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2012 was reduced by changes in the pension obligation resulting primarily from a discretionary cash contribution of $100 million. An additional discretionary contribution of $100 million was made to the U.S. pension plan in October 2012.

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Investing Activities

Capital Expenditures

Our investments in capital expenditures are focused on projects that enhance our cost structure and manufacturing capabilities, and support our strategy of geographic expansion with select investments in growing markets. Capital expenditures were $487 million in 2012, compared with $509 million in 2011. Capital spending for the Medical, Diagnostics and Biosciences segments in 2012 was $363 million, $101 million and $14 million, respectively, and related primarily to manufacturing capacity expansions.

 

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Acquisitions of Businesses

Cash outflows relating to acquisitions of $103 million in 2012 were comprised of $51 million relating to the KIESTRA acquisition and $52 million associated with the acquisition of Sirigen. Acquisitions of businesses of $492 million in 2011 were comprised of $287 million associated with Carmel and $205 million relating to Accuri. For further discussion, refer to Note 9 in the notes to consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. On June 29, 2012, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Safety Syringes, Inc., a privately held California-based company that specializes in the development of anti-needlestick devices for prefilled syringes. The acquisition, which is subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals, is expected to close by the end of the Company’s first fiscal quarter of 2013.

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Financing Activities

Debt Issuances and Payments of Obligations

On November 3, 2011, we issued $500 million of 5-year 1.75% Notes and $1 billion of 10-year 3.125% Notes. Short-term debt increased to 9.7% of total debt at the end of 2012, from 8.6% at the end of 2011. Floating rate debt was 9.7% of total debt at the end of 2012 and 16% at the end of 2011. Our weighted average cost of total debt at the end of 2012 was 3.7%, down from 4.9% at the end of 2011. Debt-to-capitalization (ratio of total debt to the sum of total debt, shareholders’ equity and net non-current deferred income tax liabilities) at September 30, 2012 was 49.7% compared with 35.8% at September 30, 2011.

Repurchase of Common Stock

We repurchased approximately 19.9 million shares of our common stock for $1.5 billion in 2012 and 18.4 million shares for $1.5 billion in 2011. A total of approximately 8.2 million common shares remain available for purchase at September 30, 2012 under the Board of Directors’ July 2011 repurchase authorization. We plan on share repurchases of approximately $500 million in 2013, subject to market conditions.

Cash and Short-term Investments

At September 30, 2012, total worldwide cash and short-term investments were $2.18 billion, of which $1.75 billion was held in jurisdictions outside of the United States. We regularly review the amount of cash and short-term investments held outside the United States and currently intend to use most of such amounts to fund our international operations and their growth initiatives. However, if these amounts were moved out of these jurisdictions or repatriated to the United States, there could be tax consequences.

Government Receivables

Accounts receivable balances include sales to government-owned or government-supported healthcare facilities in several countries, which are subject to delays. Payment is dependent upon the financial stability and creditworthiness of those countries’ national economies. Deteriorating credit and economic conditions in parts of Western Europe, particularly in Italy and Spain, may continue to increase the average length of time it takes us to collect our accounts receivable in certain regions within these countries. Outstanding governmental receivable balances, net of reserves, in Italy and Spain at September 30, 2012 were $71 million and $43 million, respectively.

We continually evaluate all governmental receivables for potential collection risks associated with the availability of government funding and reimbursement practices. We believe the current reserves related to all governmental receivables are adequate and that this concentration of credit risk will not have a material adverse impact on our financial position or liquidity.

Credit Facilities

We have in place a commercial paper borrowing program that is available to meet our short-term financing needs, including working capital requirements. Borrowings outstanding under this program were $200 million at

 

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September 30, 2012. During the third quarter, we established a $1 billion syndicated credit facility with an expiration date of May 2017, replacing a $1 billion facility due to expire in December 2012. This new credit facility, under which there were no borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2012, provides backup support for our commercial paper program and can also be used for other general corporate purposes. It includes a provision that enables BD, subject to additional commitments made by the lenders, to access up to an additional $500 million in financing through the facility, for a maximum aggregate commitment of $1.5 billion. The credit facility includes a single financial covenant that requires BD to maintain an interest expense coverage ratio (ratio of earnings before income taxes, depreciation and amortization to interest expense) of not less than 5-to-1 for the most recent four consecutive fiscal quarters. On the last eight measurement dates, this ratio has ranged from 13-to-1 to 26-to-1. In addition, we have informal lines of credit outside the United States.

Access to Capital and Credit Ratings

Our ability to generate cash flow from operations, issue debt, enter into other financing arrangements and attract long-term capital on acceptable terms could be adversely affected in the event there was a material decline in the demand for our products, deterioration in our key financial ratios or credit ratings, or other significantly unfavorable changes in conditions.

BD’s credit ratings at September 30, 2012, which reflect an action by Moody’s on September 12, 2012, that placed our ratings under review for downgrade, were as follows:

 

    

Standard & Poor’s

  

Moody’s

Ratings:

     

Senior Unsecured Debt

   A+    A2

Commercial Paper

   A-1+    P-1

Outlook

   Stable    Under review for downgrade

On October 3, 2012, Moody’s downgraded BD’s Senior Unsecured Debt rating to A3 and lowered its Commercial Paper rating to Prime-2, while changing its outlook to “Stable”.

While further deterioration in our credit ratings would increase the costs associated with maintaining and borrowing under our existing credit arrangements, such a downgrade would not affect our ability to draw on these credit facilities, nor would it result in an acceleration of the scheduled maturities of any outstanding debt. We believe that given our debt ratings, our conservative financial management policies, our ability to generate cash flow and the non-cyclical, geographically diversified nature of our businesses, we would have access to additional short-term and long-term capital should the need arise.

Contractual Obligations

In the normal course of business, we enter into contracts and commitments that obligate us to make payments in the future. The table below sets forth BD’s significant contractual obligations and related scheduled payments:

 

      Total      2013      2014 to
2015
     2016 to
2017
     2018 and
Thereafter
 
     (Millions of dollars)  

Short-term debt

   $ 406       $ 406       $       $       $   

Long-term debt(A)

     5,683         150         301         793         4,439   

Operating leases

     211         50         78         49         34   

Purchase obligations(B)

     506         295         155         56           

Unrecognized tax benefits(C)

                                       
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total (D)

   $ 6,806       $ 901       $ 534       $ 898       $ 4,473   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

(A) Long-term debt obligations include expected principal and interest obligations.

 

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(B) Purchase obligations are for purchases made in the normal course of business to meet operational and capital requirements.

 

(C) Unrecognized tax benefits at September 30, 2012 of $123 million were all long-term in nature. Due to the uncertainty related to the timing of the reversal of these tax positions, the related liability has been excluded from the table.

 

(D) Required funding obligations for 2013 relating to pension and other postretirement benefit plans are not expected to be material. In October 2012, a discretionary cash contribution of $100 million was made to the U.S. pension plan.

2011 Compared With 2010

Results of Continuing Operations

Comparisons of income from continuing operations between 2011 and 2010 are affected by the following items that are reflected in our financial results:

 

   

During the fourth quarter of 2011, we recorded a pre-tax non-cash charge of $9 million, or $0.03 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, resulting from the discontinuance of a research program within the Diagnostics Systems unit.

 

   

During the second quarter of 2010, we recorded a non-cash charge of $9 million, or $0.04 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, related to the elimination of the employer deduction of the Medicare Part D retiree drug subsidy under the U.S. healthcare reform law.

Medical Segment

Medical revenues in 2011 of $4.0 billion increased 5.6% over 2010, which reflected an estimated impact of favorable foreign currency translation of 3.3%.

The following is a summary of Medical revenues by organizational unit:

 

      2011      2010      Total
Change
    Estimated
Foreign
Exchange
Impact
 
     (Millions of dollars)  

Medical Surgical Systems

   $ 2,082       $ 2,010         3.6     3.2

Diabetes Care

     866         786         10.3     3.5

Pharmaceutical Systems

     1,059         1,001         5.8     3.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Revenues*

   $ 4,007       $ 3,796         5.6     3.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

* Amounts may not add due to rounding.

Revenue growth in the Medical Segment reflected strong growth of Pharmaceutical Systems and international safety-engineered product sales. Revenues of safety-engineered products increased 33.4% internationally, which included an estimated favorable foreign exchange impact of 9.7%. Revenue growth in the Pharmaceutical Systems unit was driven by double-digit growth in the United States, Japan and Latin America. U.S. revenue growth in the Pharmaceutical Systems unit in 2011 was aided by strong sales to companies producing certain generic heparin products. Revenue growth in the Diabetes Care unit resulted primarily from continued strong growth in worldwide pen needle sales. Medical revenues in 2011 also reflected an unfavorable comparison to the prior-year period that included strong sales related to the H1N1 flu pandemic primarily in the first half of the year. We estimate that this unfavorable comparison negatively impacted Medical’s revenue growth rate by approximately 2.2 percentage points.

Medical operating income in 2011 was $1.2 billion, or 29.5% of Medical revenues, as compared with $1.1 billion, or 29.5% of revenues, in 2010. Gross profit margin was higher in the current year than 2010 due to increased sales of products with relatively high gross margins as well as continued manufacturing productivity

 

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and lower manufacturing start-up costs. These favorable impacts on gross profit margin were partially offset by increases in certain raw material costs and higher pension costs allocated to the Segment. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Medical revenues in 2011 increased to 17.5% of revenues from 17.3% of revenues in 2010, primarily due to the acquisition of Carmel and unfavorable foreign currency translation, partially offset by continued spending controls. Research and development expenses in 2011 increased $17 million, or 13%, and reflected continued investment in the development of new products and platforms, including new infusion therapy products and new pen needle introductions.

Diagnostics Segment

Diagnostics revenues in 2011 of $2.5 billion increased 7.0% over 2010, which reflected an estimated impact of favorable foreign currency translation of 3.1%.

The following is a summary of Diagnostics revenues by organizational unit:

 

     2011      2010      Total
Change
    Estimated
Foreign
Exchange
Impact
 
     (Millions of dollars)  

Preanalytical Systems

   $ 1,278       $ 1,198         6.7     3.0

Diagnostic Systems

     1,203         1,121         7.3     3.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Revenues*

   $ 2,480       $ 2,319         7.0     3.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

* Amounts may not add due to rounding.

Revenue growth in the Preanalytical Systems unit was driven by sales of safety-engineered products. Sales of safety-engineered products grew 3% in the United States, driven by BD VacutainerTM Push Button Blood Collection Set sales, and 15% internationally, which included an estimated favorable foreign exchange impact of 7%. The Diagnostic Systems unit experienced growth in worldwide sales of its automated diagnostic platforms, including the molecular BD ProbeTecTM, BD ViperTM and BD AffirmTM systems, along with solid growth of its BD BACTECTM blood culture and TB systems and the BD PhoenixTM ID/AST platform and its HAI product offerings. Diagnostics revenues in 2011 also reflected an unfavorable comparison to the prior-year period that included strong sales related to the flu pandemic in 2010. We estimate that this unfavorable comparison negatively impacted Diagnostics’ revenue growth rate by approximately 0.6 percentage points.

Diagnostics operating income in 2011 was $636 million, or 25.7% of Diagnostics revenues, compared with $607 million, or 26.2% of revenues, in 2010. Gross profit margin in the Diagnostics segment was relatively flat as compared to the prior year and reflected favorable foreign currency translation, offset by higher raw material costs, primarily resin. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of Diagnostics revenues increased by 30 basis points in 2011 to 21.5%, primarily due to investments in emerging markets and unfavorable foreign currency translation, partially offset by continued spending controls. Research and development expense increased $13 million, or 9% over 2010, and reflected continued investment in the development of new products and platforms, including the BD MAX™ and new BD Viper™ platforms and menus.

Biosciences Segment

Biosciences revenues in 2011 of $1.1 billion increased 8.6%, over 2010, which reflected an estimated impact of favorable foreign currency translation of 3.5%.

Biosciences revenue growth was primarily driven by instrument and reagent sales. Revenue growth in 2011 was also negatively impacted by approximately 3.6 percentage points due to an unfavorable comparison to 2010, which included strong sales from U.S. stimulus spending and supplemental spending in Japan.

 

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Biosciences operating income in 2011 was $278 million, or 25.4% of Biosciences revenues, compared with $260 million, or 25.7%, in 2010. The Segment’s operating income in 2011 reflected a higher gross profit margin than 2010 primarily due to the favorable impact of foreign currency translation and higher margins on service revenue. These favorable variances from the prior year were partially offset by amortization of intangibles associated with the acquisition of Accuri and increases in certain raw material costs. See further discussion on gross profit margin below. Selling and administrative expense was 24.5% in 2011 as compared with 24.3% in 2010 and reflected unfavorable foreign currency translation, partially offset by continued spending controls. Research and development spending increased $13 million, or 14%, and reflected spending on new products and platforms, including the BD FACS Verse™ Analyzer and other next generation cell sorters and analyzers.

Geographic Revenues

Revenues in the United States in 2011 of $3.2 billion increased 2%. U.S. revenue growth was negatively impacted by approximately 2.4 percentage points due to an unfavorable comparison to 2010, which included strong sales related to the flu pandemic and stimulus spending. The Medical segment experienced strong sales of Pharmaceutical Systems products in the U.S. Diagnostics revenue growth was driven by solid growth in infectious disease and molecular diagnostic platforms.

International revenues in 2011 of $4.3 billion increased 10%, which reflected an estimated impact of favorable foreign currency translation of 5.8%. Overall, international growth was driven by sales in emerging markets, with especially strong performance in Asia Pacific and Latin America, which was partially offset by slower growth in Western Europe. International revenue growth was negatively impacted by about 1.5 percentage points due to an unfavorable comparison to 2010, which included strong sales related to the H1N1 flu pandemic and supplemental spending in Japan. Revenue growth in the Medical Segment was driven by strong sales of safety-engineered products. Diagnostic revenue growth reflected solid growth of Women’s Health and Cancer products within the Diagnostic Systems unit, as governments are expanding programs for cervical cancer screening in developing markets. Biosciences revenue growth was driven by instrument and reagent sales, primarily in emerging markets.

Gross Profit Margin

Gross profit margin was 52.2% in 2011, compared with 51.9% in 2010. Gross profit margin in 2011 reflected estimated favorable impacts of 20 basis points relating to foreign currency translation and 20 basis points relating to operating performance. The favorable impact from operating performance resulted from increased sales of products with relatively higher gross margins, increased productivity and lower manufacturing start-up costs, which were partially offset by increases in resin and other raw material costs and higher pension costs. Gross profit margin in 2011 was also unfavorably impacted by 10 basis points as a result of the amortization of intangibles associated with the Accuri acquisition.

Operating Expenses

Selling and administrative expense in 2011 of $1.8 billion, or 24.0% of revenues, increased $133 million, or 8%, compared with $1.7 billion, or 23.7% of revenues, in 2010. Aggregate expenses reflected $46 million of unfavorable foreign exchange and increases in core spending of $55 million, reflecting funding to expand our business in emerging markets and higher shipping costs. Aggregate expenses also reflected a $6 million charge to bad debt expense related to European receivables, increased pension costs of $13 million and higher acquisition-related expenses of $6 million. Aggregate expenses for the year also included increased spending of $14 million related to our global enterprise resource planning initiative to update our business information systems. These increases were partially offset by a $7 million decrease in the deferred compensation plan liability, as further discussed below.

Research and development (“R&D”) expense in 2011 was $470 million, or 6.2% of revenues, compared with $423 million, or 5.9% of revenues, in 2010. The increase in R&D expenditures includes spending for new products and platforms in each of our segments, as previously discussed. R&D expense also included a non-cash impairment charge of $9 million in 2011 resulting from the discontinuance of a research program within the Diagnostic Systems unit.

 

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Non-Operating Expense and Income

Interest expense in 2011 was $84 million, compared with $51 million in 2010. This increase reflected higher levels of long-term fixed rate debt, partially offset by lower average interest rates on the overall long-term debt portfolio. Interest income was $43 million in 2011, compared with $35 million in 2010. This increase resulted from higher interest rates and levels of investments outside the United States, net of investment losses on assets related to our deferred compensation plan. The related decrease in the deferred compensation plan liability was recorded as a decrease in selling and administrative expenses.

Income Taxes

The effective tax rate in 2011 of 25.8% was lower compared with the 2010 rate of 28.8% and reflected a favorable impact of 1.4 percentage points due to certain tax benefits. These benefits resulted from the retroactive extension of the U.S. research tax credit as well as a European restructuring transaction. In addition, the 2010 rate was unfavorably impacted by 0.6 percentage points from the expiration of the R&D tax credit, and by 0.5 percentage points from the non-cash charge related to healthcare reform impacting Medicare Part D reimbursements.

Income and Diluted Earnings per Share from Continuing Operations

Income from continuing operations and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2011 were $1.2 billion and $5.31, respectively. The charge related to the discontinuance of a research program decreased income from continuing operations in 2011 by $6 million, or $0.03 per share. Earnings in 2011 also reflected an overall net favorable impact of foreign currency fluctuations of $0.28 per share. Income from continuing operations and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in 2010 were $1.1 billion and $4.64, respectively. The charge related to healthcare reform decreased income from continuing operations in 2010 by $9 million, or $0.04 per share.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Operating Activities

Net cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2011 was $1.6 billion, unchanged from 2010. The change in operating assets and liabilities resulted from a net use of cash and primarily reflected higher levels of inventory and prepaid expenses. Net cash provided by continuing operating activities in 2010 was reduced by discretionary cash contributions to the U.S. pension plan of $175 million.

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Investing Activities

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures were $509 million in 2011, compared with $531 million in 2010. Capital spending for the Medical, Diagnostics and Biosciences segments in 2011 was $367 million, $93 million and $31 million, respectively, and related primarily to manufacturing capacity expansions.

Acquisitions of Businesses

Cash outflows relating to acquisitions of $492 million in 2011 were comprised of $287 million associated with the acquisition of Carmel and $205 million associated with the acquisition of Accuri. Cash outflows relating to acquisitions of $281 million in 2010 primarily related to $275 million associated with the acquisition of HandyLab, Inc. For further discussion, refer to Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

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Divestiture of Businesses

On July 30, 2010, the Company sold the Ophthalmic Systems unit and the surgical blades platform. The sale of the critical care and extended dwell catheter product platforms was completed on September 30, 2010. Cash proceeds received in the fourth quarter 2010 from these divestitures were $260 million, net of working capital adjustments. For further discussion refer to Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Net Cash Flows from Continuing Financing Activities

Debt Issuances and Payments of Obligations

On November 8, 2010, we issued $700 million of 10-year 3.25% Notes and $300 million of 30-year 5.00% Notes. Short-term debt decreased to 8.6% of total debt at the end of 2011, from 12% at the end of 2010. Floating rate debt was 16% of total debt at the end of 2011 and 24% at the end of 2010. Our weighted average cost of total debt at the end of 2011 was 4.9%, up from 4.6% at the end of 2010. Debt-to-capitalization (ratio of total debt to the sum of total debt, shareholders’ equity and net non-current deferred income tax liabilities) at September 30, 2011 was 35.8%, compared with 23.7% at September 30, 2010.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to use estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Some of those judgments can be subjective and complex and, consequently, actual results could differ from those estimates. Management bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. For any given estimate or assumption made by management, it is possible that other people applying reasonable judgment to the same facts and circumstances could develop different estimates. Actual results that differ from management’s estimates could have an unfavorable effect on our consolidated financial statements. Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements:

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from product sales is typically recognized when all of the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; product price is fixed or determinable; and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured.

For certain instruments sold from the Biosciences segment, we recognize revenue upon installation at a customer’s site, as installation of these instruments is considered a significant post-delivery obligation. For certain sales arrangements, primarily in the U.S., with multiple deliverables, revenue and cost of products sold are recognized at the completion of each deliverable: shipment, installation and training. These sales agreements are divided into separate units of accounting and revenue is recognized upon the completion of each deliverable based on its relative selling price. The relative selling prices of installation and training are determined based on the prices at which these deliverables would be regularly sold on a standalone basis. The relative selling prices of instruments are based on estimated selling prices. These estimates represent the quoted sales contract price in each arrangement.

BD’s domestic businesses sell products primarily to distributors who resell the products to end-user customers. We provide rebates to distributors that sell to end-user customers at prices determined under a contract between BD and the end-user customer. Provisions for rebates, which are based on historical information for all rebates that have not yet been processed, as well as sales discounts and returns, are accounted for as a reduction of revenues when revenue is recognized.

 

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Impairment of Assets

Goodwill and in-process research and development assets are subject to impairment reviews at least annually, or whenever indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with finite lives, including core and developed technology, and other long-lived assets, are periodically reviewed for impairment when impairment indicators are present.

We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component. Our reporting units generally represent one level below reporting segments and we aggregate components within an operating segment that have similar economic characteristics. Potential impairment of goodwill is identified by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value. Our annual goodwill impairment test for 2012 did not result in any impairment charges, as the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded its carrying value.

We generally use the income approach to derive the fair value for impairment assessments. This approach calculates fair value by estimating future cash flows attributable to the assets and then discounting these cash flows to a present value using a risk-adjusted discount rate. We selected this method because we believe the income approach most appropriately measures our income producing assets. This approach requires significant management judgment with respect to future volume, revenue and expense growth rates, changes in working capital use, appropriate discount rates and other assumptions and estimates. The estimates and assumptions used are consistent with BD’s business plans. The use of alternative estimates and assumptions could increase or decrease the estimated fair value of the asset, and potentially result in different impacts to BD’s results of operations. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates.

Income Taxes

BD maintains valuation allowances where it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Changes in valuation allowances are included in our tax provision in the period of change. In determining whether a valuation allowance is warranted, management evaluates factors such as prior earnings history, expected future earnings, carry back and carry forward periods, and tax strategies that could potentially enhance the likelihood of realization of a deferred tax asset.

BD conducts business and files tax returns in numerous countries and currently has tax audits in progress in a number of tax jurisdictions. In evaluating the exposure associated with various tax filing positions, we record accruals for uncertain tax positions based on the technical support for the positions, our past audit experience with similar situations, and the potential interest and penalties related to the matters. BD’s effective tax rate in any given period could be impacted if, upon resolution with taxing authorities, we prevailed in positions for which reserves have been established, or we were required to pay amounts in excess of established reserves.

BD has reviewed its needs in the U.S. for possible repatriation of undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries and, with exception for certain countries, continues to invest foreign subsidiaries earnings outside of the U.S. to fund foreign investments or meet foreign working capital and property, plant and equipment expenditure needs. Deferred taxes are not provided on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries that are indefinitely reinvested. At September 30, 2012, the cumulative amount of such undistributed earnings indefinitely reinvested outside the United States was $4.4 billion. The determination of the amount of the unrecognized deferred tax liability related to the undistributed earnings is not practicable because of the complexities associated with its hypothetical calculation.

Contingencies

We are involved, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, product liability, antitrust and environmental matters, as further discussed in Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. We assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes to these matters as well as potential ranges of probable losses. We establish accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). A determination of the

 

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amount of accruals, if any, for these contingencies is made after careful analysis of each individual issue and, when appropriate, is developed after consultation with outside counsel. The accruals may change in the future due to new developments in each matter or changes in our strategy in dealing with these matters.

Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, we are not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which we are a party. In view of these uncertainties, we could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on BD’s consolidated results of operations and consolidated net cash flows.

Benefit Plans

We have significant net pension and other postretirement benefit costs that are measured using actuarial valuations. Pension benefit costs include assumptions for the discount rate and expected return on plan assets. Other postretirement benefit plan costs include assumptions for the discount rate and healthcare cost trend rates. These assumptions have a significant effect on the amounts reported. In addition to the analysis below, see Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional discussion.

The discount rate is selected each year based on investment grade bonds and other factors as of the measurement date (September 30). For the U.S. pension plan, we will use a discount rate of 3.9% for 2013, which was based on an actuarially-determined, company-specific yield curve. The rate selected is used to measure liabilities as of the measurement date and for calculating the following year’s pension expense. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumption, although reviewed each year, changes less frequently due to the long-term nature of the assumption. This assumption does not impact the measurement of assets or liabilities as of the measurement date; rather, it is used only in the calculation of pension expense. To determine the expected long-term rate of return on pension plan assets, we consider many factors, including our historical assumptions compared with actual results; benchmark data; expected returns on various plan asset classes, as well as current and expected asset allocations. We will use a long-term expected rate of return on plan assets assumption of 7.75% for the U.S. pension plan in 2013. We believe our discount rate and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets assumptions are appropriate based upon the above factors.

Sensitivity to changes in key assumptions for our U.S. pension and other postretirement plans are as follows:

 

   

Discount rate — A change of plus (minus) 25 basis points, with other assumptions held constant, would have an estimated $5 million favorable (unfavorable) impact on the total U.S. net pension and other postretirement benefit plan cost.

 

   

Expected return on plan assets — A change of plus (minus) 25 basis points, with other assumptions held constant, would have an estimated $3 million favorable (unfavorable) impact on U.S. pension plan cost.

Share-Based Compensation

Compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions is recognized in net income using a fair value measurement method. All share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized in the statement of operations as compensation expense (based on their fair values) over the vesting period of the awards. We determine the fair value of certain share-based awards using a lattice-based binomial option valuation model that incorporates certain assumptions, such as the risk-free interest rate, expected volatility, expected dividend yield and expected life of the options. See Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional discussion.

 

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Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

BD and its representatives may from time to time make certain forward-looking statements in publicly released materials, both written and oral, including statements contained in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases, and our reports to shareholders. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “plan,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “will,” “anticipate,” “estimate” and other words of similar meaning in conjunction with, among other things, discussions of future operations and financial performance, as well as our strategy for growth, product development, regulatory approvals, market position and expenditures. All statements that address operating performance or events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future — including statements relating to volume growth, sales and earnings per share growth, cash flows or uses, and statements expressing views about future operating results — are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations of future events. The forward-looking statements are, and will be, based on management's then-current views and assumptions regarding future events and operating performance, and speak only as of their dates. Investors should realize that if underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from our expectations and projections. Investors are therefore cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Furthermore, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events and developments or otherwise, except as required by applicable law or regulations.

The following are some important factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our expectations in any forward-looking statements. For further discussion of certain of these factors, see Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

   

The current conditions in the global economy and financial markets, and the potential adverse effect on the cost of operating our business, the demand for our products and services, prices for our products and services due to increases in pricing pressure, or our ability to produce our products, including the impact on developing countries. Also, the increase in sovereign debt during the financial crisis as a result of governmental intervention in the world economy poses additional risks to the global financial system and economic recovery. In particular, deficit reduction efforts or other adverse changes in the availability of government funding for healthcare and research, particularly in the U.S. and Europe, could further weaken demand for our products and result in additional pricing pressures, as well as create potential collection risks associated with such sales. In that regard, in the U.S., automatic spending cuts, or sequestration, that could affect government healthcare spending and research funding are set to go into effect January 2013 in the absence of further legislative action.

 

   

The consequences of the healthcare reform in the United States, which implemented an excise tax on U.S. sales of certain medical devices, and which could result in reduced demand for our products, increased pricing pressures or otherwise adversely affect BD’s business.

 

   

Future healthcare reform in the countries in which we do business may also involve changes in government pricing and reimbursement policies or other cost containment reforms.

 

   

Changes in domestic and foreign healthcare industry practices that result in a reduction in procedures using our products or increased pricing pressures, including the continued consolidation among healthcare providers and trends toward managed care and healthcare cost containment (including changes in reimbursement practices by third party payors).

 

   

Our ability to penetrate developing and emerging markets, which depends on local economic and political conditions and how well we are able to acquire or form strategic business alliances with local companies and make necessary infrastructure enhancements to production facilities, distribution networks, sales equipment and technology.

 

   

Regional, national and foreign economic factors, including inflation, deflation, fluctuations in interest rates and, in particular, foreign currency exchange rates, and the potential effect on our revenues, expenses, margins and credit ratings.

 

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New or changing laws and regulations affecting our domestic and foreign operations, or changes in enforcement practices, including laws relating to trade, monetary and fiscal policies, taxation (including tax reforms that could adversely impact multinational corporations), sales practices, price controls and licensing and regulatory requirements for new products and products in the postmarketing phase. In particular, the U.S. and other countries may impose new requirements regarding registration, labeling or prohibited materials that may require us to re-register products already on the market or otherwise impact our ability to market our products. Environmental laws, particularly with respect to the emission of greenhouse gases, are also becoming more stringent throughout the world, which may increase our costs of operations or necessitate changes in our manufacturing plants or processes or those of our suppliers, or result in liability to BD.

 

   

Product efficacy or safety concerns regarding our products resulting in product recalls, regulatory action on the part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or foreign counterparts, declining sales and product liability claims, particularly in light of the current regulatory environment, including increased enforcement activity by the FDA.

 

   

Competitive factors that could adversely affect our operations, including new product introductions (for example, new forms of drug delivery) by our current or future competitors, increased pricing pressure due to the impact of low-cost manufacturers as certain competitors have established manufacturing sites or have contracted with suppliers in low-cost manufacturing locations as a means to lower their costs, patents attained by competitors (particularly as patents on our products expire), and new entrants into our markets.

 

   

The effects of events that adversely impact our ability to manufacture our products (particularly where production of a product line is concentrated in one or more plants) or our ability to source materials or components from suppliers that are needed for such manufacturing, including pandemics, natural disasters, or environmental factors.

 

   

Fluctuations in the cost and availability of oil-based resins and other raw materials, as well as certain sub-assemblies and finished goods, the ability to maintain favorable supplier arrangements and relationships (particularly with respect to sole-source suppliers), and the potential adverse effects of any disruption in the availability of such items.

 

   

Difficulties inherent in product development, including the potential inability to successfully continue technological innovation, complete clinical trials, obtain regulatory approvals in the United States and abroad, obtain coverage and adequate reimbursement for new products, or gain and maintain market approval of products, as well as the possibility of infringement claims by competitors with respect to patents or other intellectual property rights, all of which can preclude or delay commercialization of a product. Delays in obtaining necessary approvals or clearances from the FDA or other regulatory agencies or changes in the regulatory process (including potential 510(k) reforms) may also delay product launches and increase development costs.

 

   

Fluctuations in the demand for products we sell to pharmaceutical companies that are used to manufacture, or are sold with, the products of such companies, as a result of funding constraints, consolidation or otherwise.

 

   

Fluctuations in university or U.S. and international governmental funding and policies for life sciences research.

 

   

Our ability to achieve our projected level or mix of product sales. Our earnings forecasts are based on projected volumes and sales of many product types, some of which are more profitable than others.

 

   

Our ability to implement our ongoing upgrade of our enterprise resource planning system, as any delays or deficiencies in the design and implementation of our upgrade could adversely affect our business.

 

   

Security breaches of our computer and communications systems, including computer viruses, “hacking” and “cyber-attacks,” which could impair our ability to conduct business, or result in the loss of BD trade secrets or otherwise compromise sensitive information of BD or its customers, suppliers and other business partners.

 

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Pending and potential future litigation or other proceedings adverse to BD, including antitrust claims, product liability claims and patent infringement claims, and the availability or collectibility of insurance relating to any such claims.

 

   

The effect of adverse media exposure or other publicity regarding BD’s business or operations, including the effect on BD’s reputation or demand for its products.

 

   

The effects, if any, of governmental and media activities regarding the business practices of group purchasing organizations, which negotiate product prices on behalf of their member hospitals with BD and other suppliers.

 

   

The effect of market fluctuations on the value of assets in BD’s pension plans and on actuarial interest rate and asset return assumptions, which could require BD to make additional contributions to the plans or increase our pension plan expense.

 

   

Political conditions in international markets, including civil unrest, terrorist activity, governmental changes, restrictions on the ability to transfer capital across borders and expropriation of assets by a government, including the recent civil unrest in parts of the Middle East.

 

   

The impact of business combinations, including any volatility in earnings relating to acquired in-process research and development assets, and our ability to successfully integrate any business we may acquire.

 

   

Our ability to obtain the anticipated benefits of restructuring programs, if any, that we may undertake.

 

   

Issuance of new or revised accounting standards by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The foregoing list sets forth many, but not all, of the factors that could impact our ability to achieve results described in any forward-looking statements. Investors should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and should not consider this list to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties.

 

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Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

The information required by this item is included in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and in Notes 1, 12 and 13 to the consolidated financial statements contained in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Reports of Management

Management’s Responsibilities

The following financial statements have been prepared by management in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and include, where required, amounts based on the best estimates and judgments of management. The integrity and objectivity of data in the financial statements and elsewhere in this Annual Report are the responsibility of management.

In fulfilling its responsibilities for the integrity of the data presented and to safeguard the Company’s assets, management employs a system of internal accounting controls designed to provide reasonable assurance, at appropriate cost, that the Company’s assets are protected and that transactions are appropriately authorized, recorded and summarized. This system of control is supported by the selection of qualified personnel, by organizational assignments that provide appropriate delegation of authority and division of responsibilities, and by the dissemination of written policies and procedures. This control structure is further reinforced by a program of internal audits, including a policy that requires responsive action by management.

The Board of Directors monitors the internal control system, including internal accounting and financial reporting controls, through its Audit Committee, which consists of seven independent Directors. The Audit Committee meets periodically with the independent registered public accounting firm, the internal auditors and management to review the work of each and to satisfy itself that they are properly discharging their responsibilities. The independent registered public accounting firm and the internal auditors have full and free access to the Audit Committee and meet with its members, with and without management present, to discuss the scope and results of their audits including internal control, auditing and financial reporting matters.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Act of 1934. Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this assessment and those criteria, management concluded that internal control over financial reporting was effective as of September 30, 2012.

The financial statements and internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. Ernst & Young’s reports with respect to fairness of the presentation of the financial statements, and the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, are included herein.

 

Vincent A. Forlenza    Suketu Upadhyay
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and    Acting Chief Financial Officer, Senior
President    Vice President and Controller

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Becton, Dickinson and Company

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Becton, Dickinson and Company as of September 30, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2012. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Becton, Dickinson and Company at September 30, 2012 and 2011, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2012, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Becton, Dickinson and Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated November 21, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/S/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

New York, New York

November 21, 2012

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Becton, Dickinson and Company

We have audited Becton, Dickinson and Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2012, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Becton, Dickinson and Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, Becton, Dickinson and Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2012, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Becton, Dickinson and Company as of September 30, 2012 and 2011, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended September 30, 2012 of Becton, Dickinson and Company, and our report dated November 21, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/S/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

New York, New York

November 21, 2012

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

     Years Ended September 30  
     2012     2011     2010  
     Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts  

Operations

      

Revenues

   $ 7,708,382      $ 7,584,037      $ 7,124,385   

Cost of products sold

     3,755,388        3,625,122        3,428,308   

Selling and administrative expense

     1,923,354        1,823,537        1,690,932   

Research and development expense

     471,755        469,517        422,767   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Operating Costs and Expenses

     6,150,497        5,918,176        5,542,007   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income

     1,557,885        1,665,861        1,582,378   

Interest expense

     (134,658     (84,019     (51,263

Interest income

     50,333        43,209        35,129   

Other (expense) income, net

     (1,152     (7,164     497   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income From Continuing Operations

      

Before Income Taxes

     1,472,408        1,617,887        1,566,741   

Income tax provision

     362,880        417,004        451,897   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from Continuing Operations

     1,109,528        1,200,883        1,114,844   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from Discontinued Operations

      

Net of income tax provision of $31,268, $35,199 and $73,626

     60,399        70,111        202,766   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 1,169,927      $ 1,270,994      $ 1,317,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic Earnings per Share

      

Income from Continuing Operations

   $ 5.40      $ 5.43      $ 4.76   

Income from Discontinued Operations

   $ 0.29      $ 0.32      $ 0.87   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic Earnings per Share (A)

   $ 5.69      $ 5.75      $ 5.62   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings per Share

      

Income from Continuing Operations

   $ 5.30      $ 5.31      $ 4.64   

Income from Discontinued Operations

   $ 0.29      $ 0.31      $ 0.84   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted Earnings per Share (A)

   $ 5.59      $ 5.62      $ 5.49   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)   Total per share amounts may not add due to rounding.

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

     Years Ended September 30  
     2012     2011     2010  
     Thousands of dollars  

Net Income

   $ 1,169,927      $ 1,270,994      $ 1,317,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income, Net of Tax

      

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (18,435     (117,083     330   

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans

     (118,115     (62,228     (130,461

Unrealized gain on investments, net of amounts recognized

     26        420          

Unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges, net of amounts realized

     4,713        (33,200     44,884   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Loss, Net of Tax

     (131,811     (212,091     (85,247
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive Income

   $ 1,038,116      $ 1,058,903      $ 1,232,363   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     September 30  
     2012     2011  
     Thousands of dollars, except
per share amounts and
numbers of shares
 
ASSETS   

Current Assets

    

Cash and equivalents

   $ 1,671,165      $ 1,175,282   

Short-term investments

     509,566        388,031   

Trade receivables, net

     1,249,549        1,228,637   

Inventories

     1,240,679        1,244,972   

Prepaid expenses, deferred taxes and other

     515,255        631,409   

Assets held for sale

     135,857          
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

     5,322,071        4,668,331   

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

     3,303,928        3,211,197   

Goodwill

     1,076,077        991,121   

Core and Developed Technology, Net

     511,674        380,899   

Other Intangibles, Net

     301,010        417,636   

Capitalized Software, Net

     346,182        316,634   

Other

     499,967        444,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 11,360,909      $ 10,430,428   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY   

Current Liabilities

    

Short-term debt

   $ 405,142      $ 234,932   

Accounts payable

     350,455        304,836   

Accrued expenses

     740,636        795,224   

Salaries, wages and related items

     477,940        477,198   

Income taxes

     3,882        11,038   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

     1,978,055        1,823,228   

Long-Term Debt

     3,761,112        2,484,665   

Long-Term Employee Benefit Obligations

     1,224,148        1,068,483   

Deferred Income Taxes and Other

     261,705        225,877   

Commitments and Contingencies

              

Shareholders’ Equity

    

Common stock — $1 par value: authorized — 640,000,000 shares; issued —332,662,160 shares in 2012 and 2011

     332,662        332,662   

Capital in excess of par value

     1,920,035        1,793,160   

Retained earnings

     10,435,378        9,633,584   

Deferred compensation

     18,917        18,875   

Common stock in treasury — at cost — 135,751,039 shares in 2012 and 117,844,159 shares in 2011

     (7,769,292     (6,280,106

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (801,811     (670,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

     4,135,889        4,828,175   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 11,360,909      $ 10,430,428   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

    Years Ended September 30  
    2012     2011     2010  
    Thousands of dollars  

Operating Activities

     

Net income

  $ 1,169,927      $ 1,270,994      $ 1,317,610   

Less: Income from discontinued operations, net

    60,399        70,111        202,766   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations, net

    1,109,528        1,200,883        1,114,844   

Adjustments to income from continuing operations to derive net cash provided by continuing operating activities, net of amounts acquired:

     

Depreciation and amortization

    510,938        493,768        491,416   

Share-based compensation

    89,045        73,363        79,374   

Deferred income taxes

    22,147        30,047        28,055   

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

     

Trade receivables, net

    (30,069     (26,515     (73,933

Inventories

    (92,413     (116,776     (116,841

Prepaid expenses, deferred taxes and other

    101,863        (238,777     (33,936

Accounts payable, income taxes and other liabilities

    17,142        128,627        155,995   

Pension obligation

    (38,428     80,837        (102,967

Other, net

    3,611        12,611        44,852   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided by Continuing Operating Activities

    1,693,364        1,638,068        1,586,859   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing Activities

     

Capital expenditures

    (487,430     (508,817     (530,969

Capitalized software

    (66,214     (89,872     (95,159

Change in short-term investments

    (137,855     120,445        34,550   

Sales of long-term investments

           1,144        963   

Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired

    (103,424     (492,081     (281,367

Divestiture of businesses

                  259,990   

Other, net

    (99,206     (63,588     (81,636
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Used for Continuing Investing Activities

    (894,129     (1,032,769     (693,628
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing Activities

     

Change in short-term debt

    1,595        34,251        (200,193

Proceeds from long-term debt

    1,488,285        991,265          

Payments of debt

    (42,346     (35     (76

Repurchase of common stock

    (1,500,000     (1,500,001     (750,000

Issuance of common stock and other, net

    35,051        84,148        50,093   

Excess tax benefit from payments under share-based compensation plans

    14,854        37,189        23,202   

Dividends paid

    (367,611     (361,199     (345,713
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Used for Continuing Financing Activities

    (370,172     (714,382     (1,222,687
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Discontinued Operations:

     

Net cash provided by operating activities

    66,864        77,932        157,409   

Net cash used for investing activities

    (5,983     (6,741     (11,998
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided by Discontinued Operations

    60,881        71,191        145,411   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents

    5,939        (2,815     5,790   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Equivalents

    495,883        (40,707     (178,255

Opening Cash and Equivalents

    1,175,282        1,215,989        1,394,244   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Closing Cash and Equivalents

  $ 1,671,165      $ 1,175,282      $ 1,215,989   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

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Table of Contents

Becton, Dickinson and Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts and numbers of shares

Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Becton, Dickinson and Company and its majority-owned subsidiaries (the “Company”) after the elimination of intercompany transactions. The Company has no material interests in variable interest entities.

Cash Equivalents

Cash equivalents consist of all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at time of purchase.

Short-Term Investments

Short-term investments consist of time deposits with maturities greater than three months and less than one year when purchased.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of first-in, first-out cost or market.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are principally provided on the straight-line basis over estimated useful lives, which range from 20 to 45 years for buildings, four to 13 years for machinery and equipment and one to 12 years for leasehold improvements. Depreciation and amortization expense was $321,294, $339,707 and $338,178 in fiscal years 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Goodwill, core and developed technology, and in-process research and development assets arise from acquisitions. Goodwill is reviewed at least annually for impairment. Goodwill is quantitatively assessed for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component. The Company’s reporting units generally represent one level below reporting segments, and components within an operating segment that have similar economic characteristics are aggregated. Potential impairment of goodwill is identified by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit, estimated using an income approach, with its carrying value. The annual impairment review performed in fiscal year 2012 indicated that all identified reporting units’ fair values exceeded their respective carrying values.

The review for impairment of in-process research and development assets compares the fair value of the technology or project assets, estimated using an income approach, with their carrying value. In-process research and development assets are considered indefinite-lived assets until projects are completed or abandoned, and these assets are reviewed at least annually for impairment. Core and developed technology assets are generally amortized over periods ranging from 15 to 20 years, using the straight-line method, and are periodically reviewed for impairment when impairment indicators are present.

Other intangibles with finite useful lives, which include patents, are amortized over periods principally ranging from one to 40 years, using the straight-line method. These intangibles, including core and developed technology, are periodically reviewed when impairment indicators are present to assess recoverability from future operations using undiscounted cash flows. To the extent carrying value exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, an impairment loss is recognized in operating results based upon the excess of the carrying value over fair

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

value. Other intangibles also include certain trademarks that are considered to have indefinite lives, as they are expected to generate cash flows indefinitely, and are reviewed annually for impairment.

Capitalized Software

Capitalized software, including costs for software developed or obtained for internal use, is stated at cost, less accumulated amortization. Amortization expense is principally provided on the straight-line basis over estimated useful lives, which do not exceed 10 years. The current balance primarily includes capital software investments related to a global enterprise resource planning initiative to upgrade the Company’s business information systems. Amortization for this project commenced in the third quarter of fiscal year 2012. Amortization expense related to capitalized software was $35,552, $23,106 and $32,146 for 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Foreign Currency Translation

Generally, foreign subsidiaries’ functional currency is the local currency of operations and the net assets of foreign operations are translated into U.S. dollars using current exchange rates. The U.S. dollar results that arise from such translation, as well as exchange gains and losses on intercompany balances of a long-term investment nature, are included in the foreign currency translation adjustments in Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from product sales is typically recognized when all of the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; product price is fixed or determinable; collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. The Company recognizes revenue for certain instruments sold from the Biosciences segment upon installation at a customer’s site, as installation of these instruments is considered a significant post-delivery obligation. For certain instrument sales arrangements, primarily in the U.S., with multiple deliverables, revenue and cost of products sold are recognized at the completion of each deliverable: instrument shipment, installation and training. Installation and training typically occur within one month after an instrument is shipped. These sales agreements are divided into separate units of accounting and revenue is recognized upon the completion of each deliverable based on its relative selling price. The relative selling prices of installation and training are determined based on the prices at which these deliverables would be regularly sold on a standalone basis. The relative selling prices of instruments are based on estimated selling prices. These estimates represent the quoted sales contract price in each arrangement.

The Company’s domestic businesses sell products primarily to distributors that resell the products to end-user customers. Rebates are provided to distributors that sell to end-user customers at prices determined under a contract between the Company and the end-user customer. Provisions for rebates, as well as sales discounts and returns, are based upon estimates and are accounted for as a reduction of revenues when revenue is recognized.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs are included in Selling and administrative expense. Shipping expense was $280,945, $268,988 and $247,929 in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Derivative Financial Instruments

All derivatives are recorded in the balance sheet at fair value and changes in fair value are recognized currently in earnings unless specific hedge accounting criteria are met.

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

From time to time, derivative financial instruments are utilized by the Company in the management of its foreign currency, interest rate and commodity price exposures. The Company periodically hedges forecasted sales denominated in foreign currencies using forward and option contracts to protect against the reduction in value of forecasted foreign currency cash flows resulting from export sales. The Company also periodically utilizes interest rate swaps to maintain a balance between fixed and floating rate instruments. Additionally, the Company has managed price risks associated with resin purchase costs through commodity derivative forward contracts. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Any deferred gains or losses associated with derivative instruments are recognized in income in the period in which the underlying hedged transaction is recognized. In the event a designated hedged item is sold, extinguished or matures prior to the termination of the related derivative instrument, such instrument would be closed and the resultant gain or loss would be recognized in income.

Income Taxes

United States income taxes are not provided on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries where such undistributed earnings are indefinitely reinvested outside the United States. Deferred taxes are provided for earnings of foreign subsidiaries when those earnings are not considered indefinitely reinvested. Income taxes are provided and tax credits are recognized based on tax laws enacted at the dates of the financial statements.

The Company conducts business and files tax returns in numerous countries and currently has tax audits in progress in a number of tax jurisdictions. In evaluating the exposure associated with various tax filing positions, the Company records accruals for uncertain tax positions, based on the technical support for the positions, past audit experience with similar situations, and the potential interest and penalties related to the matters.

The Company maintains valuation allowances where it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Changes in valuation allowances are included in the tax provision in the period of change. In determining whether a valuation allowance is warranted, management evaluates factors such as prior earnings history, expected future earnings, carry back and carry forward periods and tax strategies that could potentially enhance the likelihood of the realization of a deferred tax asset.

Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates or assumptions affect reported assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses as reflected in the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes the fair value of share-based compensation in net income. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period.

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Note 2 — Accounting Changes

Change in Accounting Principles

In June 2011, the FASB issued revised guidance to require items of net income and other comprehensive income to be presented in either one continuous statement or in two separate, but consecutive statements of net income and other comprehensive income. The revised presentation requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011 and early adoption is permitted. The Company early-adopted the revised presentation requirements, which did not impact the recognition of items in its consolidated financial statements, on September 30, 2012.

In September 2011, the FASB issued revised annual goodwill impairment testing guidance. The revised requirements allow entities to first qualitatively assess whether it is necessary to perform the two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test. Further testing of goodwill for impairment under the quantitative model is required only if an entity determines, through the qualitative assessment, that it is more likely than not that a given reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount. The revised goodwill impairment testing requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011 and early adoption is permitted. The Company early-adopted the revised requirements, which did not impact its consolidated financial statements, for its fiscal year 2012 goodwill impairment review processes.

In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amendments to clarify guidance relating to fair value measurements. The amendments also expand the disclosure requirements for entities’ fair value measurements, particularly those relating to measurements based upon significant unobservable inputs. The Company adopted the amended fair value measurement guidance, which did not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements, on January 1, 2012.

Change in Accounting Estimates

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2012, the Company changed the useful lives of certain machinery and equipment assets used in production processes from 10 years to 13 years, to better reflect the estimated period during which these assets will remain in service. This change resulted from continuous improvement project evaluations, which included a review of assumptions related to the expected utilization of machinery and equipment assets. The Company accounted for the change in useful lives as a change in estimate prospectively effective January 1, 2012 and this change in estimate resulted in an increase in operating income of approximately $26,200 for fiscal year 2012.

 

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Becton, Dickinson and Company

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Note 3 — Shareholders’ Equity

Changes in certain components of shareholders’ equity were as follows:

 

    Common
Stock Issued
at Par Value
    Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
    Retained
Earnings
    Deferred
Compensation
    Treasury Stock  
            Shares     Amount  

Balance at September 30, 2009

  $ 332,662      $ 1,485,674      $ 7,752,831      $ 17,906        (95,579,970   $ (4,073,699

Net income

        1,317,610         

Cash dividends:

           

Common ($1.48 per share)

        (346,213      

Common stock issued for:

           

Share-based compensation plans, net

      59,866            2,758,391        16,624   

Share-based compensation

      79,228           

Common stock held in trusts, net

          (742     34,790        742   

Repurchase of common stock

            (10,058,820     (750,000
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2010

  $ 332,662      $ 1,624,768      $ 8,724,228      $ 17,164        (102,845,609   $ (4,806,333

Net income

        1,270,994         

Cash dividends:

           

Common ($1.64 per share)

        (361,638      

Common stock issued for:

           

Share-based compensation plans, net

      95,227            3,432,415        27,939   

Share-based compensation

      73,165           

Common stock held in trusts, net

          1,711        3,316        (1,711

Repurchase of common stock

            (18,434,281     (1,500,001
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2011

  $ 332,662      $ 1,793,160      $ 9,633,584      $ 18,875        (117,844,159   $ (6,280,106

Net income

        1,169,927         

Cash dividends:

           

Common ($1.80 per share)

        (368,133      

Common stock issued for:

           

Share-based compensation plans, net

      38,540            1,972,763        10,856   

Share-based compensation

      88,335           

Common stock held in trusts, net

          42        65,764        (42

Repurchase of common stock

            (19,945,407     (1,500,000
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2012

  $ 332,662      $ 1,920,035      $ 10,435,378      $ 18,917        (135,751,039   $ (7,769,292
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common stock held in trusts represents rabbi trusts in connection with deferred compensation under the Company’s employee salary and bonus deferral plan and directors’ deferral plan.

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

The components and changes of Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income were as follows:

 

    Total     Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments(A)
    Benefit Plans
Adjustment(B)
    Unrealized
Gain (Loss) on
Investments(B)
    Unrealized
Losses on
Cash Flow
Hedges(B)
 

Balance at September 30, 2011

  $ (670,000   $ 69,694      $ (696,624   $ (161   $ (42,909

Other comprehensive (loss) income

    (131,811     (18,435     (118,115     26        4,713   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2012

  $ (801,811   $ 51,259      $ (814,739   $ (135   $ (38,196
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(A) Foreign currency translation adjustments that were attributable to goodwill in fiscal years 2012 and 2011 were $13,657 and $(12,525), respectively. The adjustments primarily affected goodwill reported within the Medical segment.

 

(B) Amounts are net of tax.

The loss in foreign currency translation adjustments in fiscal year 2012 mainly represented losses attributable to the weakening of the Euro, as well as certain currencies in Latin America, against the U.S. dollar during fiscal year 2012. These losses were partially offset by gains attributable to the strengthening of certain currencies in Asia Pacific against the U.S. dollar during fiscal year 2012. Income taxes are generally not provided for translation adjustments.

The income tax benefit recorded in fiscal years 2012, 2011, and 2010 for defined benefit pension, postretirement plans and postemployment plans was $47,727, $47,575 and $67,829, respectively. The benefit plans adjustment included in other comprehensive (loss) income for 2012, 2011 and 2010 is net reclassification adjustments of $40,448, $43,230 and $32,186, net of tax, respectively. These reclassifications represent the amortization of prior service credit and amortization of net actuarial losses and have been included in Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income in prior periods. The taxes associated with these reclassification adjustments in 2012, 2011 and 2010 were $22,750, $23,749 and $17,980, respectively.

The income tax provision (benefit) recorded in fiscal years 2012, 2011 and 2010 for unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges was $2,889, $(20,348) and $27,510, respectively. The unrealized losses on cash flow hedges included in other comprehensive (loss) income for 2012, 2011 and 2010 are net of reclassification adjustments of $4,880, $1,027, and $20,771, net of tax, respectively, for realized net hedge losses recorded to Revenues and Interest expense. These amounts had been included in Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income in prior periods. The tax benefit associated with these reclassification adjustments in 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $2,991, $629 and $12,731, respectively. Additional disclosures regarding derivatives are included in Note 12.

Note 4 — Earnings per Share

The weighted average common shares used in the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (shares in thousands) for the years ended September 30 were as follows:

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Average common shares outstanding

     205,460         221,175         234,328   

Dilutive share equivalents from share-based plans

     3,721         5,105         5,808   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Average common and common equivalent shares outstanding — assuming dilution

     209,181         226,280         240,136   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Options to purchase shares of common stock are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share when their inclusion would have an anti-dilutive effect on the calculation. Options to purchase 4.8 million shares, 1.2 million shares and 1.3 million shares of the Company’s common stock were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

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Note 5 — Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments

Rental expense for all operating leases amounted to $65,941 in 2012, $68,545 in 2011, and $63,794 in 2010. Future minimum rental commitments on noncancelable leases are as follows: 2013 — $50,353; 2014 — $42,967; 2015 — $35,267; 2016 — $26,830; 2017 — $22,065 and an aggregate of $33,531 thereafter.

As of September 30, 2012, the Company has certain future purchase commitments aggregating to approximately $505,676, which will be expended over the next several years.

Contingencies

Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, the Company is not able in all cases to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of the litigation to which the Company is a party. In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, the Company establishes accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). In view of the uncertainties discussed below, the Company could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, excess liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and consolidated cash flows.

The Company is named as a defendant in the following purported class action suits brought on behalf of distributors and other entities that purchase the Company’s products (the “Distributor Plaintiffs”), alleging that the Company violated federal antitrust laws, resulting in the charging of higher prices for the Company’s products to the plaintiffs and other purported class members.

 

Case

  

Court

  

Date Filed

Louisiana Wholesale Drug Company, Inc., et. al. vs. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark, New Jersey    March 25, 2005

SAJ Distributors, Inc. et. al. vs. Becton Dickinson & Co.

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    September 6, 2005

Dik Drug Company, et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark, New Jersey    September 12, 2005

American Sales Company, Inc. et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson & Co.

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    October 3, 2005

Park Surgical Co. Inc. et. al. vs. Becton, Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania    October 26, 2005

These actions have been consolidated under the caption “In re Hypodermic Products Antitrust Litigation.”

The Company is also named as a defendant in the following purported class action suits brought on behalf of purchasers of the Company’s products, such as hospitals (the “Hospital Plaintiffs”), alleging that the Company violated federal and state antitrust laws, resulting in the charging of higher prices for the Company’s products to the plaintiffs and other purported class members.

 

Case

  

Court

  

Date Filed

Jabo’s Pharmacy, Inc., et. al. v. Becton Dickinson & Company

   U.S. District Court, Greenville, Tennessee    June 3, 2005

Drug Mart Tallman, Inc., et. al. v. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Newark, New Jersey    January 17, 2006

Medstar v. Becton Dickinson

   U.S. District Court, Newark, New Jersey    May 18, 2006

The Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale v. Becton Dickinson and Company

   U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York    March 28, 2007

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

The plaintiffs in each of the above antitrust class action lawsuits seek monetary damages. All of the antitrust class action lawsuits have been consolidated for pre-trial purposes in a Multi-District Litigation in Federal court in New Jersey.

On April 27, 2009, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the Distributor Plaintiffs in these actions. The settlement agreement provides for, among other things, the payment by the Company of $45,000 in exchange for a release by all potential class members of the direct purchaser claims under federal antitrust laws related to the products and acts enumerated in the complaint, and a dismissal of the case with prejudice, insofar as it relates to direct purchaser claims. The release would not cover potential class members that affirmatively opt out of the settlement or indirect purchaser claims. On September 30, 2010, the District Court denied a motion to approve the settlement agreement, ruling that the Hospital Plaintiffs, and not the Distributor Plaintiffs, are the direct purchasers with standing to sue under federal antitrust laws. On June 5, 2012, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed the District Court’s standing decision and ruled that the Distributor Plaintiffs, not the Hospital Plaintiffs, are direct purchasers entitled to pursue damages. The Hospital Plaintiffs requested that the ruling be reconsidered, but that request was denied. The settlement agreement thus remains in effect, subject to certain termination provisions, and must be approved as to fairness by the District Court. The Distributor Plaintiffs have filed a motion requesting that the settlement agreement be preliminarily approved as fair and reasonable. Certain of the Hospital Plaintiffs have opposed that motion. The Company currently cannot estimate the range of reasonably possible losses with respect to these class action matters beyond the $45,000 already accrued and changes to the amount already recognized may be required in the future as additional information becomes available.

In June 2007, Retractable Technologies, Inc. (“RTI”) filed a complaint against the Company under the caption Retractable Technologies, Inc. vs. Becton Dickinson and Company (Civil Action No. 2:07-cv-250, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas). RTI alleges that the BD IntegraTM syringes infringe patents licensed exclusively to RTI. In its complaint, RTI also alleges that the Company engaged in false advertising with respect to certain of the Company’s safety-engineered products in violation of the Lanham Act; acted to exclude RTI from various product markets and to maintain its market share through, among other things, exclusionary contracts in violation of state and federal antitrust laws; and engaged in unfair competition. In January 2008, the court severed the patent and non-patent claims into separate cases, and stayed the non-patent claims during the pendency of the patent claims at the trial court level. RTI seeks money damages and injunctive relief. On April 1, 2008, RTI filed a complaint against BD under the caption Retractable Technologies, Inc. and Thomas J. Shaw v. Becton Dickinson and Company (Civil Action No.2:08-cv-141, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas). RTI alleges that the BD IntegraTM syringes infringe another patent licensed exclusively to RTI. RTI seeks money damages and injunctive relief. On August 29, 2008, the court ordered the consolidation of the patent cases. On November 9, 2009, at a trial of these consolidated cases, the jury rendered a verdict in favor of RTI on all but one of its infringement claims, but did not find any willful infringement, and awarded RTI $5,000 in damages. On May 19, 2010, the court granted RTI’s motion for a permanent injunction against the continued sale by the Company of its BD IntegraTM products in their current form, but stayed the injunction for the duration of the Company’s appeal. At the same time, the court lifted a stay of RTI’s non-patent claims. On July 8, 2011, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed the District Court judgment that the Company’s 3ml BD Integra™ products infringed the asserted RTI patents and affirmed the District Court judgment of infringement against the Company’s discontinued 1ml BD Integra™ products. On October 31, 2011, the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals denied RTI’s request for an en banc rehearing. RTI has filed a petition for review with the U.S. Supreme Court. The trial on RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims has been postponed pending resolution of RTI’s appeal of the patent ruling.

With respect to RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims, BD cannot estimate the possible loss or range of possible loss as there are significant legal and factual issues to be resolved. These include discovery regarding RTI’s alleged damages and liability theories, which has not been completed. Each party has filed motions seeking to exclude portions of the other party’s expert testimony and to preclude the other party from introducing

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

certain other evidence at trial. RTI’s appeal of the appellate court’s patent ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court adds further uncertainty to the possible future outcomes of RTI’s antitrust and false advertising claims. In the event that RTI ultimately succeeds at trial and subsequent appeals on its antitrust and false advertising claims, any potential loss could be material as RTI is seeking to recover substantial damages including disgorgement of profits and damages under the federal antitrust laws, which are trebled. BD believes RTI’s allegations are without merit.

On October 19, 2009, Gen-Probe Incorporated (“Gen-Probe”) filed a patent infringement action against BD in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California. The complaint alleges that the BD Viper™ and BD Viper™ XTR™ systems and BD ProbeTec™ specimen collection products infringe certain U.S. patents of Gen-Probe. On March 23, 2010, Gen-Probe filed a complaint, also in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, alleging that the BD MaxTM instrument infringes Gen-Probe patents. The patents alleged to be infringed are a subset of the Gen-Probe patents asserted against the Company in the October 2009 suit. On June 8, 2010, the court consolidated these cases. In a decision dated September 28, 2012, the District Court for the Southern District of California issued a ruling on pre-trial summary judgment motions. The court ruled that some of Gen-Probe’s asserted patent claims are infringed, but other claims are not infringed, thus reducing from six to four the number of patents to be contested at the trial and significant defense issues relating to patent invalidity, inequitable conduct and standing, remain to be adjudicated. Gen-Probe is seeking monetary damages and injunctive relief. The Company currently cannot estimate the range of reasonably possible losses for this matter as there are significant issues to be resolved either prior to, or at, trial, including patent invalidity, inequitable conduct and standing issues as well as motions seeking to exclude portions of the other party’s expert testimony and to preclude the other party from introducing certain other evidence at trial.

The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses to each of the above-mentioned suits pending against the Company and is engaged in a vigorous defense of each of these matters.

The Company is also involved both as a plaintiff and a defendant in other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business.

The Company is a party to a number of Federal proceedings in the United States brought under the Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation and Liability Act, also known as “Superfund,” and similar state laws. The affected sites are in varying stages of development. In some instances, the remedy has been completed, while in others, environmental studies are commencing. For all sites, there are other potentially responsible parties that may be jointly or severally liable to pay all cleanup costs.

Note 6 — Segment Data

The Company’s organizational structure is based upon its three principal business segments: BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Diagnostics (“Diagnostics”) and BD Biosciences (“Biosciences”). These segments are strategic businesses that are managed separately because each one develops, manufactures and markets distinct products and services.

The Medical segment produces a broad array of medical devices that are used in a wide range of healthcare settings. The principal product lines in the Medical segment include needles, syringes and intravenous catheters for medication delivery (including safety-engineered and auto-disable devices); prefilled IV flush syringes; syringes and pen needles for the self-injection of insulin and other drugs used in the treatment of diabetes; prefillable drug delivery devices provided to pharmaceutical companies and sold to end-users as drug/device combinations; regional anesthesia needles and trays; sharps disposal containers; and closed-system transfer devices.

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

The Diagnostics segment produces products for the safe collection and transport of diagnostic specimens, as well as instrument systems and reagents to detect a broad range of infectious diseases, healthcare-associated infections (“HAIs”) and cancers. The principal products and services in the Diagnostics segment include integrated systems for specimen collection; safety-engineered blood collection products and systems; automated blood culturing systems; molecular testing systems for infectious diseases and women’s health; microorganism identification and drug susceptibility systems; liquid-based cytology systems for cervical cancer screening; rapid diagnostic assays; plated media; and microbiology laboratory automation.

The Biosciences segment produces research and clinical tools that facilitate the study of cells, and the components of cells, to gain a better understanding of normal and disease processes. The principal product lines in the Biosciences segment include fluorescence-activated cell sorters and analyzers; monoclonal antibodies and kits for performing cell analysis; reagent systems for life science research; cell imaging systems; laboratory products for tissue culture and fluid handling; diagnostic assays; and cell culture media supplements for biopharmaceutical manufacturing.

The Company evaluates performance of its business segments and allocates resources to them primarily based upon operating income. Segment operating income represents revenues reduced by product costs and operating expenses. From time to time, the Company hedges against certain forecasted sales of U.S.-produced products sold outside the United States. Gains and losses associated with these foreign currency translation hedges are reported in segment revenues based upon their proportionate share of these international sales of U.S.-produced products.

Distribution of products is primarily through independent distribution channels, and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. No customer accounted for 10% or more of revenues in any of the three years presented.

 

Revenues(A)    2012     2011     2010  

Medical

   $ 4,090,693      $ 4,007,304      $ 3,796,432   

Diagnostics

     2,538,055        2,480,477        2,318,879   

Biosciences

     1,079,634        1,096,256        1,009,074   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 7,708,382      $ 7,584,037      $ 7,124,385   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Operating Income

      

Medical

   $ 1,162,466      $ 1,181,404      $ 1,118,319   

Diagnostics

     652,873        636,361        607,411   

Biosciences

     261,692        278,013        259,810   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Segment Operating Income

     2,077,031        2,095,778        1,985,540   

Unallocated Expenses(B)

     (604,623     (477,891     (418,799
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income From Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes

   $ 1,472,408      $ 1,617,887      $ 1,566,741   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment Assets

      

Medical

   $ 4,244,652      $ 3,928,241      $ 3,527,457   

Diagnostics

     2,461,925        2,269,797        2,301,586   

Biosciences

     1,407,096        1,332,246        1,059,774   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Segment Assets

     8,113,673        7,530,284        6,888,817   

Corporate and All Other(C)

     3,247,236        2,900,144        2,761,877   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 11,360,909      $ 10,430,428      $ 9,650,694   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Capital Expenditures

        

Medical

   $ 363,426       $ 366,915       $ 368,857   

Diagnostics

     100,512         93,435         108,941   

Biosciences

     13,883         30,652         43,484   

Corporate and All Other

     9,609         17,815         9,687   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 487,430       $ 508,817       $ 530,969   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Depreciation and Amortization

        

Medical

   $ 239,591       $ 248,091       $ 253,109   

Diagnostics

     174,974         163,313         163,392   

Biosciences

     78,558         66,540         61,622   

Corporate and All Other

     17,815         15,824         13,293   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 510,938       $ 493,768       $ 491,416   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

(A) Intersegment revenues are not material.

 

(B) Includes primarily interest, net; foreign exchange; corporate expenses; and share-based compensation expense.

 

(C) Includes cash and investments and corporate assets.

 

Revenues by Organizational Units

   2012      2011      2010  

BD Medical

        

Medical Surgical Systems

   $ 2,105,288       $ 2,081,733       $ 2,010,009   

Diabetes Care

     911,276         866,477         785,759   

Pharmaceutical Systems

     1,074,129         1,059,094         1,000,664   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     4,090,693         4,007,304         3,796,432   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

BD Diagnostics

        

Preanalytical Systems

     1,300,892         1,277,793         1,197,807   

Diagnostic Systems

     1,237,163         1,202,684         1,121,072   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     2,538,055         2,480,477         2,318,879   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

BD Biosciences

     1,079,634         1,096,256         1,009,074   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 7,708,382       $ 7,584,037       $ 7,124,385   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Geographic Information

The countries in which the Company has local revenue-generating operations have been combined into the following geographic areas: the United States (including Puerto Rico), Europe, Asia Pacific and Other, which is comprised of Latin America, Canada, and Japan.

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Revenues to unaffiliated customers are based upon the source of the product shipment. Long-lived assets, which include net property, plant and equipment, are based upon physical location.

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Revenues

        

United States

   $ 3,287,715       $ 3,247,555       $ 3,168,723   

Europe

     2,378,746         2,430,939         2,322,030   

Asia Pacific

     883,293         792,933         663,023   

Other

     1,158,628         1,112,610         970,609   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 7,708,382       $ 7,584,037       $ 7,124,385   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-Lived Assets

        

United States

   $ 3,155,804       $ 3,140,395       $ 2,841,639   

Europe

     1,558,882         1,461,085         1,145,043   

Asia Pacific

     397,226         300,006         258,879   

Other

     623,974         590,544         617,323   

Corporate

     302,952         270,067         282,560   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 6,038,838       $ 5,762,097       $ 5,145,444   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 7 — Share-Based Compensation

The Company grants share-based awards under the 2004 Employee and Director Equity-Based Compensation Plan (“2004 Plan”), which provides long-term incentive compensation to employees and directors consisting of: stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), stock options, performance-based restricted stock units, time-vested restricted stock units and other stock awards.

The amounts and location of compensation cost relating to share-based payments included in consolidated statements of income is as follows:

 

     2012      2011      2010  

Cost of products sold

   $ 17,864       $ 14,440       $ 15,128   

Selling and administrative expense

     59,201         49,536         54,423   

Research and development expense

     11,980         9,387         9,823   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 89,045       $ 73,363       $ 79,374   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The associated income tax benefit recognized was $32,075, $26,342 and $28,532, respectively. Share-based compensation attributable to discontinued operations was not material.

Stock Appreciation Rights

SARs represent the right to receive, upon exercise, shares of common stock having a value equal to the difference between the market price of common stock on the date of exercise and the exercise price on the date of grant. SARs vest over a four-year period and have a ten-year term. The fair value was estimated on the date of

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

grant using a lattice-based binomial option valuation model that uses the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     2012    2011    2010

Risk-free interest rate

   1.67%    2.40%    2.60%

Expected volatility

   22.0%    24.0%    28.0%

Expected dividend yield

   2.50%    2.14%    1.96%

Expected life

   7.9 years    7.8 years    6.5 years

Fair value derived

   $12.61    $16.80    $19.70

Expected volatility is based upon historical volatility for the Company’s common stock and other factors. The expected life of SARs granted is derived from the output of the lattice-based model, using assumed exercise rates based on historical exercise and termination patterns, and represents the period of time that SARs granted are expected to be outstanding. The risk-free interest rate used is based upon the published U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for instruments with a similar life. The dividend yield is based upon the most recently declared quarterly dividend as of the grant date. The total intrinsic value of SARs exercised during 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $3,934, $9,185, and $2,831, respectively. The Company issued 51,594 shares during 2012 to satisfy the SARs exercised. The actual tax benefit realized during 2012, 2011 and 2010 for tax deductions from SAR exercises totaled $2,866, $3,459 and $1,031, respectively. The total fair value of SARs vested during 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $36,512, $31,992 and $33,640, respectively.

A summary of SARs outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and changes during the year then ended is as follows:

 

     SARs     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(Years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Balance at October 1

     9,027,037      $ 72.14         

Granted

     1,431,558        72.12         

Exercised

     (351,857     65.28         

Forfeited, canceled or expired

     (324,726     75.42         
  

 

 

   

 

 

       

Balance at September 30

     9,782,012      $ 72.28         6.52       $ 68,123   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Vested and expected to vest at September 30

     9,418,066      $ 72.23         6.46       $ 66,275   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Exercisable at September 30

     6,142,551      $ 71.56         5.55       $ 49,643   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Stock options

The Company has not granted stock options since 2005. All outstanding stock option grants are fully vested and have a ten-year term.

A summary of stock options outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and changes during the year then ended is as follows:

 

     Stock
Options
    Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(Years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 

Balance at October 1

     3,457,351      $ 40.61         

Exercised

     (1,451,952     36.14         

Forfeited, canceled or expired

     (36,777     32.89         
  

 

 

   

 

 

       

Balance at September 30

     1,968,622      $ 44.06         1.42       $ 67,920   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Vested at September 30

     1,968,622      $ 44.06         1.42       $ 67,920   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Exercisable at September 30

     1,968,622      $ 44.06         1.42       $ 67,920   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash received from the exercising of stock options in 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $52,470, $103,267 and $72,770, respectively. The actual tax benefit realized for tax deductions from stock option exercises totaled $11,944, $45,829 and $28,660, respectively. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the years 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $57,907, $137,720 and $89,943, respectively.

Performance-Based Restricted Stock Units

Performance-based restricted stock units cliff vest three years after the date of grant. These units are tied to the Company’s performance against pre-established targets, including its average growth rate of consolidated revenues and average return on invested capital, over a three-year performance period. Under the Company’s long-term incentive program, the actual payout under these awards may vary from zero to 200% of an employee’s target payout, based on the Company’s actual performance over the three-year performance period. The fair value is based on the market price of the Company’s stock on the date of grant. Compensation cost initially recognized assumes that the target payout level will be achieved and is adjusted for subsequent changes in the expected outcome of performance-related conditions.

A summary of performance-based restricted stock units outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and changes during the year then ended is as follows:

 

     Stock
Units
    Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
 

Balance at October 1

     2,902,934      $ 70.96   

Granted

     501,054        72.12   

Distributed

     (78,086     62.54   

Forfeited or canceled

     (1,140,514     63.84   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30(A)

     2,185,388      $ 75.24   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expected to vest at September 30(B)

     329,711      $ 73.67   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

(A) Based on 200% of target payout.

 

(B) Net of expected forfeited units and units in excess of the expected performance payout of 131,872 and 1,723,805, respectively.

 

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The weighted average grant date fair value of performance-based restricted stock units granted during the years 2011 and 2010 was $76.64 and $75.63, respectively. The total fair value of performance-based restricted stock units vested during 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $7,358, $15,430 and $24,357, respectively. At September 30, 2012, the weighted average remaining vesting term of performance-based restricted stock units is .97 years.

Time-Vested Restricted Stock Units

Time-vested restricted stock units generally cliff vest three years after the date of grant, except for certain key executives of the Company, including the executive officers, for which such units generally vest one year following the employee’s retirement. The related share-based compensation expense is recorded over the requisite service period, which is the vesting period or in the case of certain key executives is based on retirement eligibility. The fair value of all time-vested restricted stock units is based on the market value of the Company’s stock on the date of grant.

A summary of time-vested restricted stock units outstanding as of September 30, 2012 and changes during the year then ended is as follows:

 

     Stock
Units
    Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
 

Balance at October 1

     1,910,670      $ 70.59   

Granted

     1,149,053        72.27   

Distributed

     (404,254     64.04   

Forfeited or canceled

     (265,341     68.00   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30

     2,390,128      $ 72.79   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expected to vest at September 30

     2,151,115      $ 72.79   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The weighted average grant date fair value of time-vested restricted stock units granted during the years 2011 and 2010 was $76.97 and $75.58, respectively. The total fair value of time-vested restricted stock units vested during 2012, 2011 and 2010 was $38,105, $36,009 and $36,675, respectively. At September 30, 2012, the weighted average remaining vesting term of the time-vested restricted stock units is 1.44 years.

The amount of unrecognized compensation expense for all non-vested share-based awards as of September 30, 2012, is approximately $94,744, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining life of approximately 1.96 years. At September 30, 2012, 5,776,296 shares were authorized for future grants under the 2004 Plan.

The Company has a policy of satisfying share-based payments through either open market purchases or shares held in treasury. At September 30, 2012, the Company has sufficient shares held in treasury to satisfy these payments in 2012.

Other Stock Plans

The Company has a Stock Award Plan, which allows for grants of common shares to certain key employees. Distribution of 25% or more of each award is deferred until after retirement or involuntary termination, upon which the deferred portion of the award is distributable in five equal annual installments. The balance of the award is distributable over five years from the grant date, subject to certain conditions. In February 2004, this plan was terminated with respect to future grants upon the adoption of the 2004 Plan. At September 30, 2012 and 2011, awards for 88,692 and 97,705 shares, respectively, were outstanding.

The Company has a Directors’ Deferral Plan, which provides a means to defer director compensation, from time to time, on a deferred stock or cash basis. As of September 30, 2012, 99,557 shares were held in trust, of

 

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which 5,414 shares represented Directors’ compensation in 2012, in accordance with the provisions of the plan. Under this plan, which is unfunded, directors have an unsecured contractual commitment from the Company.

The Company also has a Deferred Compensation Plan that allows certain highly-compensated employees, including executive officers, to defer salary, annual incentive awards and certain equity-based compensation. As of September 30, 2012, 440,451 shares were issuable under this plan.

Note 8 — Benefit Plans

The Company has defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all of its employees in the United States and certain foreign locations. The Company also provides certain postretirement healthcare and life insurance benefits to qualifying domestic retirees. Postretirement healthcare and life insurance benefit plans in foreign countries are not material. The measurement date used for the Company’s employee benefit plans is September 30.

On November 30, 2011, the Company remeasured its U.S. defined pension plan as a result of amendments to this plan that were approved and communicated to affected employees during the first quarter of fiscal year 2012. Effective January 1, 2013, all plan participants’ benefits in the defined benefit traditional pension plan will be converted to a defined benefit cash balance pension plan. The November 30, 2011 remeasurement was based upon a discount rate of 5.1%, compared with the discount rate of 4.9% used on the September 30, 2011 measurement date. The increase in the discount rate reduced total fiscal year 2012 net pension cost by $5,300. An increase in plan assets held as of November 30, 2011 compared with assets held as of September 30, 2011 also reduced total fiscal year 2012 net pension cost by $6,200. The total reduction in fiscal year 2012 net pension cost resulting from the remeasurement was $40,200.

Net pension and other postretirement cost for the years ended September 30 included the following components:

 

     Pension Plans     Other Postretirement Benefits  
     2012     2011     2010     2012     2011     2010  

Service cost

   $ 74,560      $ 88,692      $ 72,901      $ 5,870      $ 5,842      $ 5,007   

Interest cost

     91,181        93,228        90,432        12,755        13,143        14,190   

Expected return on plan assets

     (103,624     (103,081     (99,199                     

Amortization of prior service (credit) cost

     (11,049     (1,294     (1,091     (690     (686     4   

Amortization of loss

     56,416        55,735        41,812        4,632        4,465        3,408   

Amortization of net asset

     (11     (34     (47                     

Curtailment/settlement loss

     20,466        1,096               (1,135              
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 127,939      $ 134,342      $ 104,808      $ 21,432      $ 22,764      $ 22,609   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net pension cost attributable to foreign plans included in the preceding table was $31,085, $34,429 and $25,820 in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

The settlement loss recorded in 2012 included lump sum benefit payments associated with the Company’s supplemental pension plan. The Company recognizes pension settlements when payments from the supplemental plan exceed the sum of service and interest cost components of net periodic pension cost associated with this plan for the fiscal year. The settlement loss recorded in 2012 also included settlements associated with certain foreign plans.

 

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The change in benefit obligation, change in fair value of plan assets, funded status and amounts recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets for these plans were as follows:

 

     Pension Plans     Other Postretirement
Benefits
 
     2012     2011     2012     2011  

Change in benefit obligation:

        

Beginning obligation

   $ 1,996,441      $ 1,911,295      $ 269,458      $ 260,124   

Service cost

     74,560        88,692        5,870        5,842   

Interest cost

     91,181        93,228        12,755        13,143   

Plan amendments

     (124,048     (3,683     (5,042       

Benefits paid

     (124,309     (108,381     (27,065     (25,776

Actuarial loss

     439,082        22,146        5,384        8,277   

Settlements

     (45,496                     

Other, includes translation

     105        (6,856     5,841        7,848   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Benefit obligation at September 30

   $ 2,307,516      $ 1,996,441      $ 267,201      $ 269,458   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in fair value of plan assets:

        

Beginning fair value

   $ 1,352,730      $ 1,413,848      $      $   

Actual return on plan assets

     223,483        1,391                 

Employer contribution

     166,367        53,505                 

Benefits paid

     (124,309     (108,381              

Settlements

     (45,496                     

Other, includes translation

     567        (7,633              
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Plan assets at September 30

   $ 1,573,342      $ 1,352,730      $      $   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Funded Status at September 30:

        

Unfunded benefit obligation

   $ (734,174   $ (643,711   $ (267,201   $ (269,458
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amounts recognized in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30:

        

Other

   $ 51      $ 3,217      $      $   

Salaries, wages and related items

     (5,856     (6,042     (17,590     (18,188

Long-term Employee Benefit Obligations

     (728,369     (640,886     (249,611     (251,270
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net amount recognized

   $ (734,174   $ (643,711   $ (267,201   $ (269,458
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amounts recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income before income taxes at September 30:

        

Net transition asset

   $ 357      $ 398      $      $   

Prior service credit

     122,235        9,193        10,365        6,013   

Net actuarial loss

     (1,152,948     (911,146     (70,949     (70,653
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net amount recognized

   $ (1,030,356   $ (901,555   $ (60,584   $ (64,640
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

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Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements — (Continued)

 

Foreign pension plan assets at fair value included in the preceding table were $466,450 and $419,452 at September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The foreign pension plan projected benefit obligations were $632,442 and $500,969 at September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

Pension plans with accumulated benefit obligations in excess of plan assets and plans with projected benefit obligations in excess of plan assets consist of the following at September 30:

 

     Accumulated Benefit
Obligation Exceeds the
Fair Value of Plan  Assets
     Projected Benefit
Obligation Exceeds the
Fair Value of Plan  Assets
 
     2012      2011      2012      2011  

Projected benefit obligation

   $ 2,054,644       $ 1,616,534       $ 2,307,472       $ 1,862,441   

Accumulated benefit obligation

   $ 1,999,604       $ 1,338,643         

Fair value of plan assets

   $ 1,364,169       $ 989,043       $ 1,573,247       $ 1,215,513   

The estimated net actuarial loss and prior service credit for pension benefits that will be amortized from Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income into net pension costs over the next fiscal year are expected to be $(75,524) and $13,130, respectively. The estimated net actuarial loss and prior service credit for other postretirement benefits that will be amortized from Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income into net other postretirement costs over the next fiscal year are expected to be $(3,911) and $1,139, respectively.

The weighted average assumptions used in determining pension plan information were as follows:

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Net Cost

      

Discount rate:

      

U.S. plans(A)(B)

     4.90     5.20     5.90

Foreign plans

     5.26        4.68        5.63   

Expected return on plan assets:

      

U.S. plans

     7.75        8.00        8.00   

Foreign plans

     6.06        6.31        6.38   

Rate of compensation increase:

      

U.S. plans(A)

     4.25        4.50        4.50   

Foreign plans

     3.61        3.56        3.35   

Benefit Obligation

      

Discount rate:

      

U.S. plans(A)

     3.90        4.90        5.20   

Foreign plans

     3.94        5.26        4.68   

Rate of compensation increase:

      

U.S. plans(A)

     4.25        4.25        4.50   

Foreign plans

     3.28        3.61        3.56   

 

 

(A) Also used to determine other postretirement and postemployment benefit plan information.

 

(B) On November 30, 2011, the Company remeasured its U.S. defined benefit pension plan based upon a 5.10% discount rate compared to the discount rate of 4.90% used on September 30, 2011. All other U.S. plans remained at 4.90%.

At September 30, 2012 the assumed healthcare trend rates were 7.5% pre and post age 65, gradually decreasing to an ultimate rate of 5.0% beginning in 2024. At September 30, 2011 the corresponding assumed

 

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healthcare trend rates were 7.6% pre and post age 65, gradually decreasing to an ultimate rate of 5.0% beginning in 2024. A one percentage point increase in assumed healthcare cost trend rates in each year would increase the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation as of September 30, 2012 by $11,526 and the aggregate of the service cost and interest cost components of 2012 annual expense by $638. A one percentage point decrease in the assumed healthcare cost trend rates in each year would decrease the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation as of September 30, 2012 by $9,527 and the aggregate of the 2012 service cost and interest cost by $480.

Expected Rate of Return on Plan Assets

The expected rate of return on plan assets is based upon expectations of long-term average rates of return to be achieved by the underlying investment portfolios. In establishing this assumption, the Company considers many factors, including historical assumptions compared with actual results; benchmark data; expected returns on various plan asset classes, as well as current and expected asset allocations.

Expected Funding

The Company’s funding policy for its defined benefit pension plans is to contribute amounts sufficient to meet legal funding requirements, plus any additional amounts that may be appropriate considering the funded status of the plans, tax consequences, the cash flow generated by the Company and other factors. While the Company does not anticipate any significant required contributions to its pension plans in 2013, the Company made a discretionary contribution of $100,000 to its U.S. pension plan in October 2012.

Expected benefit payments are as follows:

 

     Pension
Plans
     Other
Postretirement
Benefits
 

2013

   $ 149,098       $ 17,590   

2014

     148,264         17,942   

2015

     154,868         18,348   

2016

     159,853         18,658   

2017

     167,326         18,774   

2018-2022

     862,741         92,863   

Expected receipts of the subsidy under the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003, which are not reflected in the expected other postretirement benefit payments included in the preceding table, are as follows: 2013, $1,417; 2014, $1,404; 2015, $1,382; 2016, $1,353; 2017, $1,315; 2018-2022, $5,751.

Investments

The Company’s primary objective is to achieve returns sufficient to meet future benefit obligations. It seeks to generate above market returns by investing in more volatile asset classes such as equities while at the same time controlling risk with allocations to more stable asset classes like fixed income.

U.S. Plans

The Company’s U.S. plans comprise 70% of total benefit plan investments, based on September 30, 2012 market values, and have a target asset mix of 65% equities and 35% fixed income. This mix was established based on an analysis of projected benefit payments and estimates of long-term returns, volatilities and correlations for various asset classes. The mix is reviewed periodically by the named fiduciary of the plans and is intended to provide above-market returns at an acceptable level of risk over time.

 

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The established target mix includes ranges by which the target may deviate in order to accommodate normal market fluctuations. Routine cash flows are used to bring the mix closer to target and a move outside of the acceptable ranges will signal the potential for a formal rebalancing, based on an assessment of current market conditions and transaction costs. Any tactical deviations from the established asset mix require the approval of the named fiduciary.

The U.S. plans may enter into both exchange traded and non-exchange traded derivative transactions in order to manage interest rate exposure, volatility, term structure of interest rates, and sector and currency exposures within the fixed income portfolios. The Company has established minimum credit quality standards for counterparties in such transactions.

The following table provides the fair value measurements of U.S. plan assets, as well as the measurement techniques and inputs utilized to measure fair value of these assets, at September 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

     Total U.S.
Plan Asset
Balances at
September 30,
2012
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 

Fixed Income:

           

Mortgage and asset-backed securities(A)

   $ 137,064       $       $ 137,064       $         —   

Corporate bonds(B)

     106,981                 106,981           

Government and agency-U.S.(C)

     74,641         57,401         17,240           

Government and agency-Foreign(D)

     5,696                 5,696           

Other(E)

     8,964                 8,964           

Equity securities(F)

     724,447         639,646         84,801           

Cash and cash equivalents(G)

     49,099         49,099                   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of plan assets

   $ 1,106,892       $ 746,146       $ 360,746       $   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Total U.S.
Plan Asset
Balances at
September 30,
2011
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 

Fixed Income:

           

Mortgage and asset-backed securities(A)

   $ 165,042       $       $ 165,042       $         —   

Corporate bonds(B)

     111,954                 111,954           

Government and agency-U.S.(C)

     41,885         26,577         15,308           

Government and agency-Foreign(D)

     6,836                 6,836           

Other(E)

     8,277                 8,277           

Equity securities(F)

     562,047         435,847         126,200           

Cash and cash equivalents(G)

     37,237         37,237                   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of plan assets

   $ 933,278       $ 499,661       $ 433,617       $   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(A) Values are based upon a combination of observable prices, independent pricing services and relevant broker quotes.

 

(B) Values are based upon comparable securities with similar yields and credit ratings.

 

(C) Values of instruments classified as Level 1 are based on the closing price reported on the major market on which the investments are traded. Values of instruments classified as Level 2 are based upon quoted market prices from observable pricing sources.

 

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(D) Values are based upon quoted market prices from observable pricing sources.

 

(E) Classification contains various immaterial investments and valuation varies by investment type. Values are primarily based upon quoted market prices from observable pricing sources.

 

(F) Values of instruments classified as Level 1 are based on the closing price reported on the major market on which the investments are traded. Values of instruments classified as Level 2 are based on the net asset value provided by the fund administrator, which is based on the value of the underlying assets owned by the fund, less its liabilities and then divided by the number of fund units outstanding.

 

(G) Values are based upon quoted market prices or broker/dealer quotations.

The U.S. portion of fixed income assets is invested in mortgage-backed, corporate, government and agency and asset-backed instruments. Mortgage-backed securities consist of residential mortgage pass-through certificates. Corporate bonds are diversified across industry and sector and, while consisting primarily of investment grade instruments, include an allocation to high-yield debt as well. U.S. government investments consist of obligations of the U.S. Treasury and its agencies.

The non-U.S. portion of fixed income investments consists primarily of corporate bonds in developed markets but includes an allocation to emerging markets debt as well. The value of derivative instruments is not material and is included in the “Other” category provided in the table above.

Equity securities included within the plans’ assets consist of publicly-traded U.S. and non-U.S. equity securities. In order to achieve appropriate diversification, these portfolios are allocated among multiple asset managers and invested across market sectors, investment styles, capitalization weights and geographic regions.

A portion of the U.S. plans’ assets consists of investments in cash and cash equivalents, primarily to accommodate liquidity requirements relating to trade settlement and benefit payment activity.

Foreign Plans

Foreign plan assets comprise 30% of the Company’s total benefit plan assets, based on market value at September 30, 2012. Such plans have local independent fiduciary committees, with responsibility for development and oversight of investment policy, including asset allocation decisions. In making such decisions, consideration is given to local regulations, investment practices and funding rules.

The following table provides the fair value measurements of foreign plan assets, as well as the measurement techniques and inputs utilized to measure fair value of these assets, at September 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

     Total Foreign
Plan Asset
Balances at
September 30,
2012
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 

Fixed Income:

           

Corporate bonds(A)

   $ 36,612       $       $ 36,612       $   

Government and agency-U.S.(B)

     3,230         3,230                   

Government and agency-Foreign(C)

     75,667         35,317         40,350           

Equity securities(D)

     244,418         229,672         14,649         97   

Cash and cash equivalents(E)

     17,443         17,443                   

Real estate(F)

     9,058                 6,017         3,041   

Insurance contracts(G)

     80,022                         80,022   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of plan assets

   $ 466,450       $ 285,662       $ 97,628       $ 83,160   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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