10-K 1 vsul_10k-17287.htm VISUALANT, INC. 10-K Blueprint
 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
 ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 (FEE REQUIRED)
 
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017
 
 TRANSACTION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 (NO FEE REQUIRED)
 
For the transaction period from ________ to ________
 
Commission File number               000-30262    

 
VISUALANT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)
 
  Nevada
 90-0273142
 (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
  500 Union Street, Suite 810, Seattle, Washington USA
  98101
 (Address of principal executive offices) 
 (Zip Code)
 
 
206-903-1351
 
 
 (Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
N/A
 
 
 (Former name, address, and fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   No
 
As of March 31, 2017 (the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter), based upon the last reported trade on that date, the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates (for this purpose, all outstanding and issued common stock minus stock held by the officers, directors and known holders of 10% or more of the Company’s common stock) was $1,389,796.
 
The number of shares of common stock, $.001 par value, issued and outstanding as of December 29, 2017: 4,655,486 shares
  
 
1
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART 1
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
Description of Business
 3
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
Risk Factors
 6
 
 
 
ITEM 1B
Unresolved Staff Comments
 15
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
Properties
 15
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
Legal Proceedings
 15
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 15
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
Other Information
 15
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
Market for Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 16
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
Selected Financial Data
 20
 
 
 
ITEM 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 20
 
 
 
ITEM 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 24
 
 
 
ITEM 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 24
 
 
 
ITEM 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 24
 
 
 
ITEM 9A.
Controls and Procedures
 24
 
 
 
ITEM 9B.
Other Information
 25
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 26
 
 
 
ITEM 11.
Executive Compensation
 28
 
 
 
ITEM 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 34
 
 
 
ITEM 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 35
 
 
 
ITEM 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 37
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 38
 
 
 
 
SIGNATURES
 42
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
PART I
 
DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
The following discussion, in addition to the other information contained in this report, should be considered carefully in evaluating us and our prospects. This report (including without limitation the following factors that may affect operating results) contains forward-looking statements (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended ("Securities Act") and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended ("Exchange Act") regarding us and our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates" and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements in this report. Additionally, statements concerning future matters such as revenue projections, projected profitability, growth strategies, development of new products, enhancements or technologies, possible changes in legislation and other statements regarding matters that are not historical are forward-looking statements.
 
Forward-looking statements in this report reflect the good faith judgment of our management and these statements are based on facts and factors as we currently understand them. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, but are not limited to, those discussed below in “Risk Factors” and in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," as well as those discussed elsewhere in this report. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this report.
 
ITEM 1.    DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
BACKGROUND AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE
 
Visualant, Incorporated (the “Company,” “Visualant, Inc.” or “Visualant”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada in 1998. We have authorized 105,000,000 shares of capital stock, of which 100,000,000 are shares of voting common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 5,000,000 are shares preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share.
 
BUSINESS
 
We are focused on the development, marketing and sales of a proprietary technology which is capable of uniquely identifying and authenticating almost any substance using light to create, record and detect the unique digital “signature” of the substance. We call this our “ChromaID™” technology.
 
Overview
 
For the past several years we have focused on the development of our proprietary ChromaID™ technology. Using light from low-cost LEDs (light emitting diodes) we map the color of substances, fluids and materials and with our proprietary processes we can authenticate, identify and diagnose based upon the color that is present. The color is both visible to us as humans but also outside of the humanly visible color spectrum in the near infra-red and near ultra-violet and beyond. Our ChromaID scanner sees what we like to call “Nature’s Color Fingerprint.” Everything in nature has a unique color identifier and with ChromaID we can see it, and identify, authenticate and diagnose based upon the color that is present. Our ChromaID scanner is capable of uniquely identifying and authenticating almost any substance or liquid using light to create, record and detect its unique color signature. While we will continue to develop and enhance our ChromaID technology and extend its capacity, we have moved into the commercialization phase of our Company as we begin to both work with partners and internally to create revenue generating products for the marketplace.
 
Our ChromaID™ Technology
 
We have developed a proprietary technology to uniquely identify and authenticate almost any substance. This patented technology utilizes light at the photon (elementary particle of light) level through a series of emitters and detectors to generate a unique signature or “fingerprint” from a scan of almost any solid, liquid or gaseous material. This signature of reflected or transmitted light is digitized, creating a unique ChromaID signature. Each ChromaID signature is comprised of from hundreds to thousands of specific data points.
 
The ChromaID technology looks beyond visible light frequencies to areas of near infra-red and ultraviolet light and beyond that are outside the humanly visible light spectrum. The data obtained allows us to create a very specific and unique ChromaID signature of the substance for a myriad of authentication, verification and diagnostic applications.
 
 
 
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Traditional light-based identification technology, called spectrophotometry, has relied upon a complex system of prisms, mirrorsand visible light. Spectrophotometers typically have a higher cost and utilize a form factor (shape and size) more suited to a laboratory setting and require trained laboratory personnel to interpret the information. The ChromaID technology uses lower cost LEDs and photodiodes and specific frequencies of light resulting in a more accurate, portable and easy-to-use solution for a wide variety of applications. The ChromaID technology not only has significant cost advantages as compared to spectrophotometry, it is also completely flexible is size, shape and configuration. The ChromaID scan head can range in size from endoscopic to a scale that could be the size of a large ceiling-mounted florescent light fixture.
 
In normal operation, a ChromaID master or reference scan is generated and stored in a database. We call this the ChromaID Reference Library. The Visualant scan head can then scan similar materials to identify, authenticate or diagnose them by comparing the new ChromaID digital signature scan to that of the original or reference ChromaID signature or scan result. Over time, we believe the ChromaID Reference Libraries can become a significant asset of the Company, providing valuable information in numerous fields of use.
 
We have pursued an active intellectual property strategy and have been granted eleven patents. We also have 20 patents pending. We possess all right, title and interest to the issued patents. Ten of the pending patents are licensed exclusively to us in perpetuity by our strategic partner, Allied Inventors, a spin off corporation from Intellectual Ventures, the large intellectual property fund.
 
ChromaID: A Foundational Platform Technology
 
Our ChromaID technology provides a platform upon which a myriad of applications can be developed. As a platform technology, it is analogous to a smartphone, upon which an enormous number of previously unforeseen applications have been developed. The ChromaID technology is an enabling technology that brings the science of light and photonics to low cost, real world commercialization opportunities across multiple industries. The technology is foundational and as such, the basis upon which the Company believes a significant business can be built.
 
As with other foundational technologies, a single application may reach across multiple industries. The ChromaID technology can, for example effectively differentiate and identify different brands of clear vodkas that appear identical to the human eye. By extension this same technology can identify pure water from water with contaminants present. It can provide real time detection of liquid medicines such as morphine that have been adulterated or compromised. It can detect if jet fuel has water contamination present. It could determine when it is time to change oil in a deep fat fryer. These are but a few of the potential applications of the ChromaID technology based upon extensions of its ability to identify different clear liquids.
 
The cornerstone of a company with a foundational platform technology is its intellectual property. We have pursued an active intellectual property strategy and has been granted eleven patents. We currently have 20 patents pending. We possesses all right, title and interest to the issued patents. Ten of the pending patents are licensed exclusively to us in perpetuity by our strategic partner, Allied Inventors.
 
Our Patents
 
We believe that our eleven patents, 20 patent applications, two registered trademarks, and our trade secrets, copyrights and other intellectual property rights are important assets. Our patents will expire at various times between 2027 and 2033. The duration of our trademark registrations varies from country to country. However, trademarks are generally valid and may be renewed indefinitely as long as they are in use and/or their registrations are properly maintained.
 
The issued patents cover the fundamental aspects of the Visualant ChromaID technology and a growing number of unique applications ranging, to date, from invisible bar codes to tissue and liquid analysis.
 
The patents that have been issued to Visualant and their dates of issuance are:
 
On August 9, 2011, we were issued US Patent No. 7,996,173 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus and Article to Facilitate Distributed Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy,” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires August 24, 2029.
 
On December 13, 2011, we were issued US Patent No. 8,076,630 B2 entitled “System and Method of Evaluating an Object Using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires November 7, 2028.
 
On December 20, 2011, we were issued US Patent No. 8,081,304 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus and Article to Facilitate Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires July 28, 2030.
 
On October 9, 2012, we were issued US Patent No. 8,285,510 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus, and Article to Facilitate Distributed Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires July 31, 2027.
 
 
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On February 5, 2013, we were issued US Patent No. 8,368,878 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus and Article to Facilitate Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires July 31, 2027.
 
On November 12, 2013, we were issued US Patent No. 8,583,394 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus and Article to Facilitate Distributed Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires July 31, 2027.
 
On November 21, 2014, we were issued US Patent No. 8,888,207 B2 entitled “Systems, Methods, and Articles Related to Machine-Readable Indicia and Symbols” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires February 7, 2033. This patent describes using ChromaID to see what we call invisible bar codes and other identifiers.
 
On March 23, 2015, we were issued US Patent No. 8,988,666 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus, and Article to Facilitate Evaluation of Objects Using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires July 31, 2027.
 
On May 26, 2015, we were issued US Patent No. 9,041,920 B2 entitled “Device for Evaluation of Fluids using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires March 12, 2033. This patent describes a ChromaID fluid sampling devices.
 
On April 19, 2016, we were issued US Patent No. 9,316,581 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus, and Article to Facilitate Evaluation of Substances Using Electromagnetic Energy” by the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. The patent expires March 12, 2033. This patent describes an enhancement to the foundational ChromaID technology.
 
On April 18, 2017, we were issued US Patent No. 9,625,371 B2 entitled “Method, Apparatus, and Article to Facilitate Evaluation of Substances Using Electromagnetic Energy.” The patent expires July 31, 2027. This patent pertains to the use of ChromaID technology for the identification and analysis of biological tissue. It has many potential applications in medical, industrial and consumer markets.
 
We continue to pursue a patent strategy to expand its unique intellectual property in the United States and other countries.
 
Joint Development Agreements and Product Strategy
 
We are currently undertaking internal development work on potential products for the consumer marketplace. This development work is being performed through our Consulting Agreement with Phil Bosua, who serves as our Chief Product Officer. As these products begin to take form, we will make appropriate product announcements. 
 
We also will continue to engage with partners through licensing our ChromaID technology in various fields of use, entering in to joint venture agreements to develop specific applications, and it certain specific instances developing its own products for the marketplace.
 
We have deployed our ChromaID development kit to a number of potential joint venture partners and customers around the world. There are strong indications of interest in deploying our ChromaID technology in a wide variety of applications involving identification, authentication and diagnostics. We are focusing our current efforts on productizing the ChromaID technology as it moves out of the research laboratory and in to the marketplace. These efforts involve working on engineering issues necessary to provide consistent replicable results for customer end users.
 
Today, we currently have Joint Venture Agreements in place with Intellicheck and Biomedx for widely disparate applications. These two agreements have described in greater detail in our prior filings. The agreement with Intellicheck focuses upon developing applications for law enforcement, defense and homeland security applications which deal with identification and authentication. The agreement with Biomedx focuses upon developing applications for determining certain qualities of human skin which are diagnostic in nature. We believe that these agreements will lead to products in the marketplace and a generation of revenues over time.
 
Research and Development
 
Our research and development efforts are primarily focused improving the core foundational ChromaID technology, extending its capacity and developing new and unique applications for the technology. As part of this effort, we typically conduct testing to ensure that ChromaID application methods are compatible with the customer’s requirements, and that they can be implemented in a cost effective manner. We are also actively involved in identifying new application methods. Our current team has considerable experience working with the application of light-based technologies and their application to various industries. We believe that its continued development of new and enhanced technologies relating to our core business is essential to our future success. We spent $79,405 and $325,803 during the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, on development activities. On July 6, 2017, we entered into a Consulting Agreement with Phil Bosua, our Chief Product Officer, whereby Mr. Bosua can earn up to 200,000 shares of the Company’s company stock based on achieving certain product development and funding milestones.
 
 
5
 
 
THE COMPANY’S COMMON STOCK
 
Our common stock trades on the OTCQB Exchange under the symbol “VSUL.”
 
PRIMARY RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES
 
We are exposed to various risks related to our need for additional financing, the sale of significant numbers of our shares and a volatile market price for our common stock. These risks and uncertainties are discussed in more detail below in Part I, Item 1A. 
 
CORPORATE INFORMATION
 
We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on October 8, 1998. Our executive offices are located at 500 Union Street, Suite 810, Seattle, WA 98101. Our telephone number is (206) 903-1351 and its principal website address is located at www.visualant.net. The information on our website is not incorporated as a part of this Form 10-K.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
As of September 30, 2017, we had thirteen full-time employees and two consultants or consulting groups. Our senior management is located in the Seattle, Washington office.
 
WEBSITE ACCESS TO UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REPORTS
 
We file annual and quarterly reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). You may read and copy any document we file at the SEC's Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference room. The SEC maintains a website at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information concerning filers. We also maintain a web site at http://www.visualant.net that provides additional information about our Company and links to documents we file with the SEC. The Company's charters for the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, and the Nominating Committee; and the Code of Conduct & Ethics are also available on our website. The information on our website is not part of this Form 10-K.
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
 
There are certain inherent risks which will have an effect on the Company’s development in the future and the most significant risks and uncertainties known and identified by our management are described below.
 
We need additional financing to support our technology development and ongoing operations, pay our debts and maintain ownership of our intellectual properties.
 
We are currently operating at a loss. We believe that our cash on hand will be sufficient to fund our operations through January 31, 2018. We need additional financing to implement our business plan and to service our ongoing operations, pay our current debts (described below) and maintain ownership of our intellectual property. There can be no assurance that we will be able to secure any needed funding, or that if such funding is available, the terms or conditions would be acceptable to us. If we are unable to obtain additional financing when it is needed, we will need to restructure our operations and/or divest all or a portion of our business.  We may seek additional capital through a combination of private and public equity offerings, debt financings and strategic collaborations. Debt financing, if obtained, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, and could increase our expenses and require that our assets secure such debt. Equity financing, if obtained, could result in dilution to our then-existing stockholders and/or require such stockholders to waive certain rights and preferences. If such financing is not available on satisfactory terms, or is not available at all, we may be required to delay, scale back, eliminate the development of business opportunities or file for bankruptcy and our operations and financial condition may be materially adversely affected.  There can there can be no assurance that we will be able to sell that number of shares, if any. 
 
We need to continue as a going concern if our business is to succeed.
 
Because of our recurring losses and negative cash flows from operations, the audit report of our independent registered public accountants on our consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2017 contains an explanatory paragraph stating that there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  Factors identified in the report include our historical net losses, negative working capital, and the need for additional financing to implement our business plan and service our debt repayments. If we are not able to attain profitability in the near future our financial condition could deteriorate further, which would have a material adverse impact on our business and prospects and result in a significant or complete loss of your investment. Further, we may be unable to pay our debt obligations as they become due, which include obligations to secured creditors. If we are unable to continue as a going concern, we might have to liquidate our assets and the values we receive for our assets in liquidation or dissolution could be significantly lower than the values reflected in our financial statements.  Additionally, we are subject to customary operational covenants, including limitations on our ability to incur liens or additional debt, pay dividends, redeem stock, make specified investments and engage in merger, consolidation or asset sale transactions, among other restrictions. In addition, the inclusion of an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern and our lack of cash resources may materially adversely affect our share price and our ability to raise new capital or to enter into critical contractual relations with third parties.
 
 
6
 
 
As of September 30, 2017, we have a net working capital deficit of approximately $4,099,000 and if we do not satisfy these obligations, the lenders may have the right to demand payment in full or exercise other remedies.
 
We have a $199,935 Business Loan Agreement with Umpqua Bank. On December 19, 2017, the Umpqua Loan maturity was extended to March 31, 2018 and provides for interest at 4.00% per year. Related to this Umpqua Loan, we entered into a demand promissory note for $200,000 on January 10, 2014 with an entity affiliated with Ronald P. Erickson, our Chief Executive Officer. This demand promissory note will be effective in case of a default by us under the Umpqua Loan.
 
We also have two other demand promissory notes payable to entities affiliated with Mr. Erickson, totaling $600,000. Each of these notes were issued between January and July 2014, provide for interest of 3% per year and now mature on December 31, 2017. The notes payable also provide for a second lien on our assets if not repaid by December 31, 2017 or converted into convertible debentures or equity on terms acceptable to the Mr. Erickson. We recorded accrued interest of $58,167 as of September 30, 2017.
 
Mr. Erickson and/or entities with which he is affiliated also have advanced $519,833 and have unreimbursed expenses and compensation of approximately $450,679. We owe Mr. Erickson, or entities with which he is affiliated, $1,570,511 as of September 30, 2017.
 
We require additional financing, to service and/or repay these debt obligations. If we raise additional capital through borrowing or other debt financing, we may incur substantial interest expense. If and when we raise more equity capital in the future, it will result in substantial dilution to our current stockholders.
 
We have a history of operating losses and there can be no assurance that we can achieve or maintain profitability.
 
We have experienced net losses since inception. As of September 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $31,534,000 and net losses in the amount of $3,901,000 and $1,746,000 for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. There can be no assurance that we will achieve or maintain profitability. If we achieve profitability in the future, we may not be able to sustain profitability in subsequent periods. Failure to become and remain profitable would impair our ability to sustain operations and adversely affect the price of our common stock and our ability to raise capital. Our operating expenses may increase as we spend resources on growing our business, and if our revenue does not correspondingly increase, our operating results and financial condition will suffer. Our ChromaID business has produced minimal revenues, and may not produce significant revenues in the near term, or at all, which would harm our ability to continue our operations or obtain additional financing and require us to reduce or discontinue our operations. You must consider our business and prospects in light of the risks and difficulties we will encounter as business with an early-stage technology in a new and rapidly evolving industry. We may not be able to successfully address these risks and difficulties, which could significantly harm our business, operating results and financial condition.
 
If the company were to dissolve or wind-up operations, holders of our common stock would not receive a liquidation preference.
 
If we were to wind-up or dissolve our company and liquidate and distribute our assets, our common stockholders would share in our assets only after we satisfy any amounts we owe to our creditors and preferred equity holders.  If our liquidation or dissolution were attributable to our inability to profitably operate our business, then it is likely that we would have material liabilities at the time of liquidation or dissolution.  Accordingly, it is very unlikely that sufficient assets will remain available after the payment of our creditors and preferred equity holders to enable common stockholders to receive any liquidation distribution with respect to any common stock.
 
We may not be able to generate sufficient revenue from the commercialization of our ChromaID technology and related products to achieve or sustain profitability.
 
We are in the early stages of commercializing our ChromaID™ technology.  To date, we have entered into one License Agreement with Sumitomo Precision Products Co., Ltd. and have a strategic relationship with Allied Inventors. More recently, we have entered into a Collaboration Agreement and License with Intellicheck Mobilisa, Inc. and BioMedx Inc. None of these relationships have generated any significant revenue. Failure to develop and sell products based upon our ChromaID technology, grant additional licenses and obtain royalties or develop other revenue streams will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 
 
To date, we have generated minimal revenue from sales of our ChromaID products. We believe that our commercialization success is dependent upon our ability to significantly increase the number of customers that are using our products In addition, demand for our ChromaID products may not materialize, or increase as quickly as planned, and we may therefore be unable to increase our revenue levels as expected. We are currently not profitableEven if we succeed in introducing the ChromaID technology and related products to our target markets, we may not be able to generate sufficient revenue to achieve or sustain profitability.
 
 
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We currently rely upon external resources for engineering and product development services. If we are unable to secure an engineering or product development partner or establish satisfactory engineering and product development capabilities, we may not be able to successfully commercialize our ChromaID technology.
 
Our success depends upon our ability to develop products that are accurate and provide solutions for our customers. Achieving the desired results for our customers requires solving engineering issues in concert with them. Any failure of our ChromaID technology or related products to meet customer expectations could result in customers choosing to retain their existing testing methods or to adopt systems other than ours.
 
We do not currently have internal resources which can work on engineering and product development matters. We have used third parties in the past and will continue to do so. Historically, our primary third-party research, partner was RATLab LLC, a Seattle based private research organization. As we move toward commercialization of our ChromaID technology, the RATLab is no longer providing us with these services. On July 6, 2017, we entered into a Consulting Agreement with Phil Bosua whereby Mr. Bosua can earn up to 200,000 shares of the Company’s company stock based on achieving certain product development and funding milestones. These resources are not always readily available and the absence of their availability could inhibit our research and development efforts and our responsiveness to our customers. We have had internal engineering and product development resources in the Company and plan to re-establish those resources in the future. Our inability to secure those resources could impact our ability to provide engineering and product development services and could have an impact on our customers’ willingness to use our ChromaID technology.
 
We are in the early stages of commercialization and our ChromaID technology and related products may never achieve significant commercial market acceptance.
 
Our success depends on our ability to develop and market products that are recognized as accurate and cost-effective. Many of our potential customers may be reluctant to use our new technology. Market acceptance will depend on many factors, including our ability to convince potential customers that our ChromaID technology and related products are an attractive alternativeto existing light-based technologies. We will need to demonstrate that our products provide accurate and cost-effective alternatives to existing light-based authentication technologies. Compared to most competing technologies, our technology is relativelynew, and most potential customers have limited knowledge of, or experience with, our products. Prior to implementing our ChromaID technology and related products, potential customers are required to devote significant time and effort to testing and validating our products. In addition, during the implementation phase, customers may be required to devote significant time and effort to training their personnel on appropriate practices to ensure accurate results from our technology and products. Any failure of our ChromaID technology or related products to meet customer expectations could result in customers choosing to retain their existing testing methods or to adopt systems other than ours.
 
Many factors influence the perception of a system including its use by leaders in the industry. If we are unable to induce industry leaders in our target markets to implement and use our ChromaID technology and related products, acceptance and adoption of our products could be slowed. In addition, if our products fail to gain significant acceptance in the marketplace and we are unable to expand our customer base, we may never generate sufficient revenue to achieve or sustain profitability.
 
Our management has concluded that we have material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting and that our disclosure controls and procedures are not effective.
 
A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company's annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. During the audit of our financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2017, our management identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. If these weaknesses continue, investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports and other disclosures.  
 
In addition, our management has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the lack of an audit committee “financial expert.” These material weaknesses, if not remediated, create an increased risk of misstatement of the Company’s financial results, which, if material, may require future restatement thereof. A failure to implement improved internal controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation or execution, could cause future delays in our reporting obligations and could have a negative effect on us and the trading price of our common stock.
 
Our services and license agreement with Allied Inventors is important to our business strategy and operations.
 
In November 2013, we entered into a five year strategic relationship with Allied Inventors, formerly Xinova and Invention Development Management Company, a former subsidiary of Intellectual Ventures, a private intellectual property fund with over $5 billion under management. Allied Inventors owns over 40,000 IP assets and has broad global relationships for the invention of technology, the filing of patents and the licensing of intellectual property. Allied Inventors has worked to expand the reach and the potential application of the ChromaID technology and has filed ten patents base on the ChromaID technology, which it has licensed to us.
 
 
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The amended agreement with Allied Inventors covers a number of areas that are important to our operations, including the following:
 
The agreement requires Allied Inventors to identify and engage inventors to develop new applications of our ChromaID technology, present the developments to us for approval, and file at least ten patent applications to protect the developments;
We received a worldwide, nontransferable, exclusive license to the licensed intellectual property developed under this agreement within the identification, authentication and diagnostics field of use;
We received a nonexclusive and nontransferable option to acquire a worldwide, nontransferable, nonexclusive license to intellectual property held by Allied Inventors within that same field of use; and
We granted to Allied Inventors certain licenses to our intellectual property outside the identification, authentication and diagnostics field of use.
 
Failure to operate in accordance with the Allied Inventors agreement, or an early termination or cancellation of this agreement for any reason, would have a material adverse effect on ability to execute our business strategy and on our results of operations and business.
 
If components used in our finished products become unavailable, or third-party manufacturers otherwise experience delays, we may incur delays in shipment to our customers, which would damage our business.
 
We depend on third-party suppliers for substantially all of our components and products. We purchase these products and components from third-party suppliers that serve the advanced lighting systems market and we believe that alternative sources of supply are readily available for most products and components. However, consolidation could result in one or more current suppliers being acquired by a competitor, rendering us unable to continue purchasing necessary amounts of key components at competitive prices. In addition, for certain of our customized components, arrangements for additional or replacement suppliers will take time and result in delays. We purchase products and components pursuant to purchase orders placed from time to time in the ordinary course of business. This means we are vulnerable to unanticipated price increases and product shortages. Any interruption or delay in the supply of components and products, or our inability to obtain components and products from alternate sources at acceptable prices in a timely manner, could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
While we believe alternative manufacturers for these products are available, we have selected these particular manufacturers based on their ability to consistently produce these products per our specifications ensuring the best quality product at the most cost effective price. We depend on our third-party manufacturers to satisfy performance and quality specifications and to dedicate sufficient production capacity within scheduled delivery times. Accordingly, the loss of all or one of these manufacturers or delays in obtaining shipments could have a material adverse effect on our operations until such time as an alternative manufacturer could be found.
 
We are dependent on key personnel.
 
Our success depends to a significant degree upon the continued contributions of key management and other personnel, some of whom could be difficult to replace, including Ronald P. Erickson, our Chief Executive Officer. We do not maintain key person life insurance covering any of our officers. Our success will depend on the performance of our officers, our ability to retain and motivate our officers, our ability to integrate new officers into our operations, and the ability of all personnel to work together effectively as a team.  Our officers do not currently have employment agreements.  Our failure to retain and recruit officers and other key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.  Our success also depends on our continued ability to identify, attract, hire, train, retain and motivate highly skilled technical, managerial, manufacturing, administrative and sales and marketing personnel. Competition for these individuals is intense, and we may not be able to successfully recruit, assimilate or retain sufficiently qualified personnel. In particular, we may encounter difficulties in recruiting and retaining a sufficient number of qualified technical personnel, which could harm our ability to develop new products and adversely impact our relationships with existing and future customers. The inability to attract and retain necessary technical, managerial, manufacturing, administrative and sales and marketing personnel could harm our ability to obtain new customers and develop new products and could adversely affect our business and operating results.
 
We have limited insurance which may not cover claims by third parties against us or our officers and directors.
 
We have limited directors’ and officers’ liability insurance and commercial liability insurance policies. Claims by third parties against us may exceed policy amounts and we may not have amounts to cover these claims. Any significant claims would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.  In addition, our limited directors’ and officers’ liability insurance may affect our ability to attract and retain directors and officers.
 
Our inability to effectively protect our intellectual property would adversely affect our ability to compete effectively, our revenue, our financial condition and our results of operations.
 
 
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We rely on a combination of patent, trademark, and trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures and licensing arrangements to protect our intellectual property rights. Obtaining and maintaining a strong patent position is important to our business. Patent law relating to the scope of claims in the technology fields in which we operate is complex and uncertain, so we cannot be assured that we will be able to obtain or maintain patent rights, or that the patent rights we may obtain will be valuable, provide an effective barrier to competitors or otherwise provide competitive advantages. Others have filed, and in the future are likely to file, patent applications thatare similar or identical to ours or those of our licensors. To determine the priority of inventions, or demonstrate that we did not derive our invention from another, we may have to participate in interference or derivation proceedings in the USPTO or in court that could result in substantial costs in legal fees and could substantially affect the scope of our patent protection. We cannot be assured our patent applications will prevail over those filed by others. Also, our intellectual property rights may be subject to other challenges by third parties. Patents we obtain could be challenged in litigation or in administrative proceedings such as ex parte reexam, inter parties review, or post grant review in the United States or opposition proceedings in Europe or other jurisdictions.
 
There can be no assurance that:
 
any of our existing patents will continue to be held valid, if challenged;
patents will be issued for any of our pending applications;
any claims allowed from existing or pending patents will have sufficient scope or strength to protect us;
our patents will be issued in the primary countries where our products are sold in order to protect our rights and potential commercial advantage; or
any of our products or technologies will not infringe on the patents of other companies.
 
If we are enjoined from selling our products, or if we are required to develop new technologies or pay significant monetary damages or are required to make substantial royalty payments, our business and results of operations would be harmed.
 
Obtaining and maintaining a patent portfolio entails significant expense and resources. Part of the expense includes periodic maintenance fees, renewal fees, annuity fees, various other governmental fees on patents and/or applications due in several stages over the lifetime of patents and/or applications, as well as the cost associated with complying with numerous procedural provisions during the patent application process. We may or may not choose to pursue or maintain protection for particular inventions. In addition, there are situations in which failure to make certain payments or noncompliance with certain requirements in the patent process can result in abandonment or lapse of a patent or patent application, resulting in partial or complete loss of patent rights in the relevant jurisdiction. If we choose to forgo patent protection or allow a patent application or patent to lapse purposefully or inadvertently, our competitive position could suffer.
 
Legal actions to enforce our patent rights can be expensive and may involve the diversion of significant management time. In addition, these legal actions could be unsuccessful and could also result in the invalidation of our patents or a finding that they are unenforceable.We may or may not choose to pursue litigation or interferences against those that have infringed on our patents, or used them without authorization, due to the associated expense and time commitment of monitoring these activities. If we fail to protect or to enforce our intellectual property rights successfully, our competitive position could suffer, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and business.
 
Claims by others that our products infringe their patents or other intellectual property rights could prevent us from manufacturing and selling some of our products or require us to pay royalties or incur substantial costs from litigation or development of non-infringing technology.
 
In recent years, there has been significant litigation in the United States involving patents and other intellectual property rights. We may receive notices that claim we have infringed upon the intellectual property of others. Even if these claims are not valid, they could subject us to significant costs. Any such claims, with or without merit, could be time-consuming to defend, result in costly litigation, divert our attention and resources, cause product shipment delays or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements. Such royalty or licensing agreements, if required, may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all. We have engaged in litigation and litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce our intellectual property rights or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Litigation may also be necessary to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity by others. A successful claim of intellectual property infringement against us and our failure or inability to license the infringed technology or develop or license technology with comparable functionality could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
 
Our TransTech vendor base is concentrated.
 
Evolis, Fargo, Ultra Electronics - Magicard Division and NiSCA, are major vendors of TransTech whose products account for approximately 61% of TransTech’s revenue. TransTech buys, packages and distributes products from these vendors after issuing purchase orders. Any loss of any of these vendors would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 
 
 
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We currently have a very small sales and marketing organization. If we are unable to secure a sales and marketing partner or establish satisfactory sales and marketing capabilities, we may not be able to successfully commercialize our ChromaID technology.
 
We currently have one full-time sales and business development manager for the ChromaID technology. This individual oversees sales of our products and IP licensing and manages critical customer and partner relationships. In addition, he manages and coordinates the business development resources at our strategic partners Allied Inventors and Sumitomo Precision Products as they relate to our ChromaID technology. We also work with third party entities that are focused in specific market verticals where they have business relationships that can be leveraged. Our subsidiary, TransTech Systems, has six sales and marketing employees on staff to support the ongoing sales efforts of that business. In order to commercialize products that are approved for commercial sales, we sell directly to our customers, collaborate with third parties that have such commercial infrastructure and work with our strategic business partners to generate sales. If we are not successful entering into appropriate collaboration arrangements, or recruiting sales and marketing personnel or in building a sales and marketing infrastructure, we will have difficulty successfully commercializing our ChromaID technology, which would adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.
 
We may not be able to enter into collaboration agreements on terms acceptable to us or at all. In addition, even if we enter into such relationships, we may have limited or no control over the sales, marketing and distribution activities of these third parties. Our future revenues may depend heavily on the success of the efforts of these third parties. If we elect to establish a sales and marketing infrastructure we may not realize a positive return on this investment. In addition, we must compete with established and well-funded pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies to recruit, hire, train and retain sales and marketing personnel. Factors that may inhibit our efforts to commercialize ChromaID without strategic partners or licensees include:
 
our inability to recruit and retain adequate numbers of effective sales and marketing personnel;
 
the lack of complementary products to be offered by sales personnel, which may put us at a competitive disadvantage relative to companies with more extensive product lines; and
 
unforeseen costs and expenses associated with creating an independent sales and marketing organization.
 
Government regulatory approval may be necessary before some of our products can be sold and there is no assurance such approval will be granted.
 
Although we do not need regulatory approval for our current applications, our ChromaID technology may have a number of potential applications in fields of use which will require prior governmental regulatory approval before the technology can be introduced to the marketplace. For example, we are exploring the use of our ChromaID technology for certain medical diagnostic applications.  There is no assurance that we will be successful in developing medical applications for our ChromaID technology.  If we were to be successful in developing medical applications of our technology, prior approval by the FDA and other governmental regulatory bodies may be required before the technology could be introduced into the marketplace.  There is no assurance that such regulatory approval would be obtained for a medical diagnostic or other applications requiring such approval.
 
We may engage in acquisitions, mergers, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestures that could result in final results that are different than expected.
 
In the normal course of business, we engage in discussions relating to possible acquisitions, equity investments, mergers, strategic alliances, joint ventures and divestitures. Such transactions are accompanied by a number of risks, including the use of significant amounts of cash, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, incurrence of debt on potentially unfavorable terms as well as impairment expenses related to goodwill and amortization expenses related to other intangible assets, the possibility that we may pay too much cash or issue too many of our shares as the purchase price for an acquisition relative to the economic benefits that we ultimately derive from such acquisition, and various potential difficulties involved in integrating acquired businesses into our operations.
 
From time to time, we have also engaged in discussions with candidates regarding the potential acquisitions of our product lines, technologies and businesses. If a divestiture such as this does occur, we cannot be certain that our business, operating results and financial condition will not be materially and adversely affected. A successful divestiture depends on various factors, including our ability to effectively transfer liabilities, contracts, facilities and employees to any purchaser; identify and separate the intellectual property to be divested from the intellectual property that we wish to retain; reduce fixed costs previously associated with the divested assets or business; and collect the proceeds from any divestitures.
 
If we do not realize the expected benefits of any acquisition or divestiture transaction, our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and stock price could be negatively impacted.
 
Our growth strategy depends in part on our ability to execute successful strategic acquisitions. We have made strategic acquisitions in the past and may do so in the future, and if the acquired companies do not perform as expected, this could adversely affect our operating results, financial condition and existing business.
 
 
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We may continue to expand our business through strategic acquisitions. The success of any acquisition will depend on, among other things:
 
 
the availability of suitable candidates;
 
 
higher than anticipated acquisition costs and expenses;
 
 
competition from other companies for the purchase of available candidates;
 
 
our ability to value those candidates accurately and negotiate favorable terms for those acquisitions;
 
 
the availability of funds to finance acquisitions and obtaining any consents necessary under our credit facility;
 
 
the ability to establish new informational, operational and financial systems to meet the needs of our business;
 
 
the ability to achieve anticipated synergies, including with respect to complementary products or services; and
 
 
the availability of management resources to oversee the integration and operation of the acquired businesses.
 
We may not be successful in effectively integrating acquired businesses and completing acquisitions in the future. We also may incur substantial expenses and devote significant management time and resources in seeking to complete acquisitions. Acquired businesses may fail to meet our performance expectations. If we do not achieve the anticipated benefits of an acquisition as rapidly as expected, or at all, investors or analysts may not perceive the same benefits of the acquisition as we do. If these risks materialize, our stock price could be materially adversely affected.
 
We are subject to corporate governance and internal control requirements, and our costs related to compliance with, or our failure to comply with existing and future requirements could adversely affect our business.
 
We must comply with corporate governance requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, as well as additional rules and regulations currently in place and that may be subsequently adopted by the SEC and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. These laws, rules, and regulations continue to evolve and may become increasingly stringent in the future. The financial cost of compliance with these laws, rules, and regulations is expected to remain substantial.
 
Our management has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the lack of an audit committee “financial expert.” We expect to appoint an additional independent director to serve as Audit Committee Chairman. This director will be an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by the SEC. However, we cannot assure you that we will be able to fully comply with these laws, rules, and regulations that address corporate governance, internal control reporting, and similar matters in the future. Failure to comply with these laws, rules and regulations could materially adversely affect our reputation, financial condition, and the value of our securities. 
 
The Capital Source credit facility contains covenants that may limit our flexibility in operating our business and failure to comply with any of these covenants could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
In December 8, 2009, we entered into the Capital Source credit facility. On June 6, 2017, TransTech entered into the Fourth Modification to the Loan and Security Agreement.
 
This Capital Source credit facility contains covenants that limit our ability to engage in specified types of transactions. These covenants limit our ability to, among other things:
 
 
sell, transfer, lease or dispose of certain assets;
 
 
engage in certain mergers and consolidations;
 
 
incur debt or encumber or permit liens on certain assets, except in the limited circumstances permitted under the loan and security agreements;
 
 
make certain restricted payments, including paying dividends on, or repurchasing or making distributions with respect to, our common stock; and
 
 
enter into certain transactions with affiliates.
 
 
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A breach of any of the covenants under the Capital Source credit facility could result in a default under the Capital Source credit facility. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Capital Source credit facility, the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit. If we are unable to repay those amounts, the lenders could proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure such indebtedness.
 
The exercise prices of certain warrants and the Series A and C Preferred Shares may require further adjustment.
 
In the future, if we sell our common stock at a price below $0.25 per share, the exercise price of 23,334 outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock, 1,785,715 outstanding shares of Series C Preferred Stock and 1,016,004 outstanding shares Series D preferred Stock, would adjust below $0.25 per share pursuant to the documents governing such instruments. In addition, the conversion price of a Convertible Note Payable of $570,000 and the exercise price of outstanding warrants to purchase 3,782,616 shares of common stock would adjust below $0.25 per share pursuant to the documents governing such instruments.  
 
Risks Relating to Our Stock
 
The price of our common stock is volatile, which may cause investment losses for our stockholders.
 
The market price of our common stock has been and is likely in the future to be volatile. Our common stock price may fluctuate in response to factors such as:
 
 
Announcements by us regarding liquidity, significant acquisitions, equity investments and divestitures, strategic relationships, addition or loss of significant customers and contracts, capital expenditure commitments and litigation;
 
Issuance of convertible or equity securities and related warrants for general or merger and acquisition purposes;
 
Issuance or repayment of debt, accounts payable or convertible debt for general or merger and acquisition purposes;
 
Sale of a significant number of shares of our common stock by stockholders;
 
General market and economic conditions;
 
Quarterly variations in our operating results;
 
Investor and public relation activities;
 
Announcements of technological innovations;
 
New product introductions by us or our competitors;
 
Competitive activities; and
 
Additions or departures of key personnel.
 
These broad market and industry factors may have a material adverse effect on the market price of our common stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Transfers of our securities may be restricted by virtue of state securities “blue sky” laws, which prohibit trading absent compliance with individual state laws. These restrictions may make it difficult or impossible to sell shares in those states.
 
Transfers of our common stock may be restricted under the securities or securities regulations laws promulgated by various states and foreign jurisdictions, commonly referred to as "blue sky" laws. Absent compliance with such individual state laws, our common stock may not be traded in such jurisdictions. Because the securities held by many of our stockholders have not been registered for resale under the blue sky laws of any state, the holders of such shares and persons who desire to purchase them should be aware that there may be significant state blue sky law restrictions upon the ability of investors to sell the securities and of purchasers to purchase the securities. These restrictions may prohibit the secondary trading of our common stock. Investors should consider the secondary market for our securities to be a limited one.
 
Two individual investors could have significant influence over matters submitted to stockholders for approval.
 
As of September 30, 2017, two individuals in the aggregate, assuming the exercise of all warrants to purchase common stock, hold shares representing approximately 80% of our common stock on a fully-converted basis and could be considered a control group for purposes of SEC rules. However, the agreement with one of these individuals limits his ownership to 4.99% individually. Beneficial ownership includes shares over which an individual or entity has investment or voting power and includes shares that could be issued upon the exercise of options and warrants within 60 days after the date of determination. If these persons were to choose to act together, they would be able to significantly influence all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval, as well as our officers, directors, management and affairs. For example, these persons, if they choose to act together, could significantly influence the election of directors and approval of any merger, consolidation or sale of all or substantially all of our assets. This concentration of voting power could delay or prevent an acquisition of us on terms that other stockholders may desire.
  
The sale of a significant number of our shares of common stock could depress the price of our common stock.
 
 
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Sales or issuances of a large number of shares of common stock in the public market or the perception that sales may occur could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. As of September 30, 2017, we had 4,655,486 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, held by 66 stockholders of record. The number of stockholders, including beneficial owners holding shares through nominee names, is approximately 2,300. Each share of common stock entitles its holder to one vote on each matter submitted to the stockholders for a vote, and no cumulative voting for directors is permitted.  Stockholders do not have any preemptive rights to acquire additional securities issued by us.  As of September 30, 2017, there were options outstanding for the purchase of 15,404 common shares, warrants for the purchase of 6,900,356 common shares, 2,825,053 shares of our common stock issuable upon the conversion of Series A, Series C and Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and up to 332,940 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of placement agent warrants. In addition, we have an unknown number of shares are issuable upon conversion of convertible debentures of $570,000. All of which could potentially dilute future earnings per share.  
 
Significant shares of common stock are held by our principal stockholders, other company insiders and other large stockholders. As “affiliates” of Visualant, as defined under Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, our principal stockholders, other of our insiders and other large stockholders may only sell their shares of common stock in the public market pursuant to an effective registration statement or in compliance with Rule 144.
 
These options, warrants, convertible notes payable and convertible preferred stock could result in further dilution to common stock holders and may affect the market price of the common stock.
 
Future issuance of additional shares of common stock and/or preferred stock could dilute existing stockholders. We have and may issue preferred stock that could have rights that are preferential to the rights of common stock that could discourage potentially beneficially transactions to our common stockholders.
 
Pursuant to our certificate of incorporation, we currently have authorized 100,000,000 shares of common stock and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock. To the extent that common shares are available for issuance, subject to compliance with applicable stock exchange listing rules, our board of directors has the ability to issue additional shares of common stock in the future for such consideration as the board of directors may consider sufficient. The issuance of any additional securities could, among other things, result in substantial dilution of the percentage ownership of our stockholders at the time of issuance, result in substantial dilution of our earnings per share and adversely affect the prevailing market price for our common stock.
 
An issuance of additional shares of preferred stock could result in a class of outstanding securities that would have preferences with respect to voting rights and dividends and in liquidation over our common stock and could, upon conversion or otherwise, have all of the rights of our common stock.  Our Board of Directors' authority to issue preferred stock could discourage potential takeover attempts or could delay or prevent a change in control through merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise by making these attempts more difficult or costly to achieve.  The issuance of preferred stock could impair the voting, dividend and liquidation rights of common stockholders without their approval.
 
Future capital raises may dilute our existing stockholders’ ownership and/or have other adverse effects on our operations.
 
If we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, our existing stockholders’ percentage ownership will be reduced and these stockholders may experience substantial dilution. We may also issue equity securities that provide for rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of our common stock. If we raise additional funds by issuing debt securities, these debt securities would have rights senior to those of our common stock and the terms of the debt securities issued could impose significant restrictions on our operations, including liens on our assets. If we raise additional funds through collaborations and licensing arrangements, we may be required to relinquish some rights to our technologies or candidate products, or to grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us.
 
We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our capital stock in the foreseeable future.
 
We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our capital stock. We currently intend to retain all of our future earnings, if any, to finance the growth and development of our business, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our capital stock in the foreseeable future. In addition, the terms of any future debt agreements may preclude us from paying dividends. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our common stock will be your sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.
 
Anti-takeover provisions may limit the ability of another party to acquire our company, which could cause our stock price to decline.
 
Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, our bylaws and Nevada law contain provisions that could discourage, delay or prevent a third party from acquiring our company, even if doing so may be beneficial to our stockholders. In addition, these provisions could limit the price investors would be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.
 
Our articles of incorporation allow for our board to create new series of preferred stock without further approval by our stockholders, which could adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common stock; our Series A Preferred Stock contains provisions that restrict our ability to take certain actions without the consent of at least 66% of the Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding.
 
 
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Our Board of Directors has the authority to fix and determine the relative rights and preferences of preferred stock. Our Board of Directors also has the authority to issue preferred stock without further stockholder approval. As a result, our Board of Directors could authorize the issuance of a series of preferred stock that would grant to holders the preferred right to our assets upon liquidation, the right to receive dividend payments before dividends are distributed to the holders of common stock and the right to the redemption of the shares, together with a premium, prior to the redemption of our common stock. In addition, our Board of Directors could authorizethe issuance of a series of preferred stock that has greater voting power than our common stock or that is convertible into our common stock, which could decrease the relative voting power of our common stock or result in dilution to our existing stockholders.
 
In addition, our articles of incorporation restrict our ability to take certain actions without the approval of at least 66% of the Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding. These actions include, among other things;
 
authorizing, creating, designating, establishing or issuing an increased number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock or any other class or series of capital stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the Series A Preferred Stock;
 
adopting a plan for the liquidation, dissolution or winding up the affairs of our company or any recapitalization plan (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise);
 
amending, altering or repealing, whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise, our articles of incorporation or bylaws in a manner that would adversely affect any right, preference, privilege or voting power of the Series A Preferred Stock; and
 
declaring or paying any dividend (with certain exceptions) or directly or indirectly purchase, redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire any shares of our capital stock, stock options or convertible securities (with certain exceptions).
 
ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None.
 
ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES
 
Corporate Offices
 
On April 13, 2017, the Company leased its executive office located at 500 Union Street, Suite 810, Seattle, Washington, USA, 98101. The Company leases 943 square feet and the net monthly payment is $2,672. The monthly payment increases approximately 3% each year and the lease expires on May 31, 2022.
 
TransTech Facilities
 
TransTech is located at 12142 NE Sky Lane, Suite 130, Aurora, OR 97002. TransTech leases a total of approximately 6,340 square feet of office and warehouse space for its administrative offices, product inventory and shipping operations. Effective December 1, 2017, TransTech leases this office from December 1, 2017 at $4,465 per month. The monthly payment increases approximately 3% each year and the lease expires on January 31, 2020. Until December 1, 2017, TransTech leased this office on a month to month basis at $6,942 per month.
 
ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
We may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are currently not a party to any pending legal proceeding that is not ordinary routine litigation incidental to our business.
 
ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
This item is not applicable.
 
ITEM 5.   OTHER INFORMATION
 
This item is not applicable.
 
 
 
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PART II
 
ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Authorized Capital Stock
 
We have authorized 105,000,000 shares of capital stock, of which 100,000,000 are shares of voting common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 5,000,000 are shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share.
 
Voting Preferred Stock
 
We are authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001.
 
Series A Preferred Stock
 
On July 21, 2015, we filed with the Nevada Secretary of State an Amended and Restated Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights for our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Among other things, the Amended and Restated Certificate changed the conversion price and the stated value of the Series A Preferred from $0.10 (pre reverse stock split) to $30.00 (post-reverse stock split), and added a provision adjusting the conversion price upon the occurrence of certain events.
 
Under the Amended and Restated Certificate, we had 11,667 shares of Series A Preferred authorized, all of which are outstanding. Each holder of outstanding shares of Series A Preferred is entitled to the number of votes equal to the number of whole shares of common stock into which the shares of Series A Preferred held by such holder are then convertible as of the applicable record date. We cannot amend, alter or repeal any preferences, rights, or other terms of the Series A Preferred so as to adversely affect the Series A Preferred, without the written consent or affirmativevote of the holders of at least 66% of the then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred, voting as a separate voting group, given by written consent or by vote at a meeting called for such purpose for which notice shall have been duly given to the holders of the Series A Preferred. 
 
During the year ended September 30, 2015, we sold 11,667 Series A Preferred Stock to two investors totaling $350,000. These shares are expected to be convertible into 11,667 shares of common stock at $30.00 per share, subject to adjustment, for a period of five years.   The Series A Preferred Stock has voting rights and may not be redeemed without the consent of the holder.
 
We also issued (i) a Series C five-year Warrant for 23,334 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $30.00 per share, which is callable at $60.00 per share; and (ii) a Series D five-year Warrant for 23,334 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $45.00 per share, which is callable at $90.00 per share. The Series A Preferred Stock and Series C and D Warrants had registration rights.
 
On July 20, 2015, the two investors entered into an Amendment to Series A Preferred Stock Terms whereby they agreed to the terms of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and waived all registration rights.
 
On August 4, 2016, the price of the Series A Preferred Stock was adjusted to $0.70 per share due to the issuance of common stock at that price.
 
On March 8, 2016, we received approval from the State of Nevada for the Correction to the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of its Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. The Amended and Restated Certificate filed July 21, 2015 changed the conversion price and the stated value from $0.10 (pre reverse stock split) to $30.00 (post-reverse stock split), and adding a provision adjusting the conversion price upon the occurrence of certain events. On February 19, 2016, the holders of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock entered into Amendment 2 of Series A Preferred Stock Terms and increased the number of Preferred Stock Shares to properly account for the reverse stock split. We have 23,334 Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding.
 
On August 14, 2017, the price of the Series A Preferred Stock and Series C Warrants were adjusted to $0.25 per share pursuant to the documents governing such instruments.
 
Series C and D Preferred Stock and Warrants
 
On August 5, 2016, we closed a Series C Preferred Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement with Clayton A. Struve, an accredited investor for the purchase of $1,250,000 of preferred stock with a conversion price of $0.70 per share. The preferred stock has a yield of 8% and an ownership blocker of 4.99%. In addition, Mr. Struve received a five year warrant to acquire 1,785,714 shares of common stock at $0.70 per share.
 
 
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On November 14, 2016, we issued 187,500 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and a warrant to purchase 187,500 shares of common stock in a private placement to certain accredited investors for gross proceeds of $150,000 pursuant to a Series D Preferred Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement dated November 10, 2016.
 
On December 19, 2016, we issued 187,500 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and a warrant to purchase 187,500 shares of common stock in a private placement to an accredited investor for gross proceeds of $150,000 pursuant to a Series D Preferred Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement dated December 14, 2016.
 
On May 1, 2017, the Company issued 357,143 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and a warrant to purchase 357,143 shares of common stock in a private placement to an accredited investor for gross proceeds of $250,000 pursuant to a Series D Preferred Stock and Warrant Purchase Agreement dated May 1, 2016.
 
The initial conversion price of the Series D Shares is $0.70 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The initial exercise price of the warrant is $0.70 per share, also subject to certain adjustments. The Company also amended and restated the Certificate of Designation for the Series D Shares, resulting in an adjustment to the conversion price of all currently outstanding Series D Shares to $0.70 per share.
 
On August 14, 2017, the price of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and a warrant were adjusted to $0.25 per share pursuant to the documents governing such instruments.
 
Common Stock
 
We are authorized to issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001. As of September 30, 2017, we had 4,655,486 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, held by 66 shareholders of record. The number of shareholders, including beneficial owners holding shares through nominee names, is approximately 2,300. Each share of common stock entitles its holder to one vote on each matter submitted to the shareholders for a vote, and no cumulative voting for directors is permitted.  Shareholders do not have any preemptive rights to acquire additional securities issued by us.  As of September 30, 2017, there were options outstanding for the purchase of 15,404 common shares, warrants for the purchase of 6,900,356 common shares, 2,825,053 shares of our common stock issuable upon the conversion of Series A, Series C and Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and up to 332,940 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of placement agent warrants. In addition, we have convertible debentures of $570,000. All of which could potentially dilute future earnings per share.   
 
American Stock Transfer and Trust Company is the transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock.
 
Stock Incentive Plan
 
On April 29, 2011, our 2011 Stock Incentive Plan was approved at the Annual Stockholder Meeting. We were authorized to issue options for, and has reserved for issuance, up to 46,667 shares of common stock under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. On March 21, 2013, an amendment to the Stock Option Plan was approved by the stockholders of the Company, increasing the number of shares reserved for issuance under the Plan to 93,333 shares.
 
Anti-Takeover Provisions
 
Nevada Revised Statutes
 
Acquisition of Controlling Interest Statutes.    Nevada's "acquisition of controlling interest" statutes contain provisions governing the acquisition of a controlling interest in certain Nevada corporations. These "control share" laws provide generally that any person who acquires a "controlling interest" in certain Nevada corporations may be denied certain voting rights, unless a majority of the disinterested stockholders of the corporation elects to restore such voting rights. These statutes provide that a person acquires a "controlling interest" whenever a person acquires shares of a subject corporation that, but for the application of these provisions of the Nevada Revised Statutes, would enable that person to exercise (1) one-fifth or more, but less than one-third, (2) one-third or more, but less than a majority or (3) a majority or more, of all of the voting power of the corporation in the election of directors. Once an acquirer crosses one of these thresholds, shares which it acquired in the transaction taking it over the threshold and within the 90 days immediately preceding the date when the acquiring person acquired or offered to acquire a controlling interest become "control shares" to which the voting restrictions described above apply. Our articles of incorporation and bylaws currently contain no provisions relating to these statutes, and unless our articles of incorporation or bylaws in effect on the tenth day after the acquisition of a controlling interest were to provide otherwise, these laws would apply to us if we were to (i) have 200 or more stockholders of record (at least 100 of which have addresses in the State of Nevada appearing on our stock ledger) and (ii) do business in the State of Nevada directly or through an affiliated corporation. As of September 30, 2017 we have less than 200 record stockholders. If these laws were to apply to us, they might discourage companies or persons interested in acquiring a significant interest in or control of the company, regardless of whether such acquisition may be in the interest of our stockholders.
 
 
17
 
 
Combinations with Interested Stockholders Statutes.    Nevada's "combinations with interested stockholders" statutes prohibit certain business "combinations" between certain Nevada corporations and any person deemed to be an "interested stockholder" for two years after the such person first becomes an "interested stockholder" unless (i) the corporation's board of directors approves the combination (or the transaction by which such person becomes an "interested stockholder") in advance, or (ii) the combination is approved by the board of directors and sixty percent of the corporation's voting power not beneficially owned by the interested stockholder, its affiliates and associates. Furthermore, in the absence of prior approval certain restrictions may apply even after such two-year period. For purposes of these statutes, an "interested stockholder" is any person who is (x) the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of ten percent or more of the voting power of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, or (y) an affiliate or associate of the corporation and at any time within the two previous years was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of ten percent or more of the voting power of the then outstanding shares of the corporation. The definition of the term "combination" is sufficiently broad to cover most significant transactions between the corporation and an "interested stockholder". Subject to certain timing requirements set forth in the statutes, a corporation may elect not to be governed by these statutes. We have not included any such provision in our articles of incorporation.
 
The effect of these statutes may be to potentially discourage parties interested in taking control of us from doing so if it cannot obtain the approval of our Board of Directors.
 
Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws Provisions
 
Our articles of incorporation, as amended and restated, and our bylaws, as amended and restated, contain provisions that could have the effect of discouraging potential acquisition proposals or tender offers or delaying or preventing a change in control, including changes a stockholder might consider favorable. In particular, our articles of incorporation and bylaws, among other things:
 
● permit our Board of Directors to alter our bylaws without stockholder approval;
● provide that vacancies on our Board of Directors may be filled by a majority of directors in office, although less than a quorum;
● authorize the issuance of preferred stock, which can be created and issued by our Board of Directors without prior stockholder approval, with rights senior to our common stock, which may render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise; and
● establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals relating to the nomination of candidates for election as directors and other business to be brought before stockholder meetings, which notice must contain information specified in our bylaws.
 
In addition, our articles of incorporation restrict our ability to take certain actions without the approval of at least 66% of the Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding. These actions include, among other things;
 
● authorizing, creating, designating, establishing or issuing an increased number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock or any other class or series of capital stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the Series A Preferred Stock; 
● adopting a plan for the liquidation, dissolution or winding up the affairs of our company or any recapitalization plan (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise); 
● amending, altering or repealing, whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise, our articles of incorporation or bylaws in a manner that would adversely affect any right, preference, privilege or voting power of the Series A Preferred Stock; and 
● declaring or paying any dividend (with certain exceptions) or directly or indirectly purchase, redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire any shares of our capital stock, stock options or convertible securities (with certain exceptions).
 
Such provisions may have the effect of discouraging a third-party from acquiring us, even if doing so would be beneficial to our stockholders. These provisions are intended to enhance the likelihood of continuity and stability in the composition of our Board of Directors and in the policies formulated by them, and to discourage some types of transactions that may involve an actual or threatened change in control of our company. These provisions are designed to reduce our vulnerability to an unsolicited acquisition proposal and to discourage some tactics that may be used in proxy fights. We believe that the benefits of increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure our company outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging such proposals because, among other things, negotiation of such proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.
 
However, these provisions could have the effect of discouraging others from making tender offers for our shares that could result from actual or rumored takeover attempts. These provisions also may have the effect of preventing changes in our management.
 
Market Price of and Dividends on Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters
 
Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB under the symbol "VSUL". The following table sets forth the range of the high and low sale prices of the common stock for the periods indicated. The quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail markup, markdown or commission, and may not represent actual transactions. Consequently, the information provided below may not be indicative of our common stock price under different conditions.
 
Trades in our common stock may be subject to Rule 15g-9 of the Exchange Act, which imposes requirements on broker/dealers who sell securities subject to the rule to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. For transactions covered by the rule, broker/dealers must make a special suitability determination for purchasers of the securities and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction before the sale.
 
18
 
 
Period Ended
 
High
 
 
Low
 
Year Ending September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30, 2017
 $0.25 
 $0.11 
June 30, 2017
 $0.70 
 $0.23 
March 31, 2017
 $0.99 
 $0.54 
December 31, 2016
 $1.44 
 $0.66 
 
    
    
Year Ending September 30, 2016
    
    
September 30, 2016
 $3.50 
 $0.95 
June 30, 2016
 $9.35 
 $2.25 
March 31, 2016
 $8.04 
 $5.00 
December 31, 2015
 $9.00 
 $4.30 
 
As of December 27, 2017, the high and low sales price of our common stock was $0.23 per share and $0.29 per share, respectively. As of December 29, 2017, there were 4,655,486 shares of common stock outstanding held by approximately 66 stockholders of record. This number does not include approximately 2,300 beneficial owners whose shares are held in the names of various security brokers, dealers and registered clearing agencies.
 
Transfer Agent
 
Our transfer agent is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company located at 6201 15th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11219, and their telephone number is (800) 937-5449.
 
Dividend Policy
 
We have not previously declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate or contemplate paying dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to use all of our available funds to finance the growth and development of our business. We can give no assurances that we will ever have excess funds available to pay dividends. In addition, our articles of incorporation restrict our ability to pay any dividends on our common stock without the approval of 66% of our then outstanding Series A Preferred Stock.
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
During the three months ended September 30, 2017, we had the following sales of unregistered sales of equity securities:
 
On the year ended September 30, 2017, the Company issued 795,000 shares of restricted common stock to two Named Executive Officers employees, two directors and six employees and consultants and for services during 2015-2017. The shares were issued in accordance with the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan and were valued at $0.17 per share, the market price of our common stock. The Company expensed $135,150 during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
INFORMATION
 
The following table provides information as of September 30, 2017 related to the equity compensation plan in effect at that time.
 
 
(a)
(b)
(c)
 
 
 
Number of securities
 
 
 
remaining available
 
Number of securities
Weighted-average
for future issuance
 
to be issued upon
exercise price of
under equity compensation
 
exercise of outstanding
outstanding options,
plan (excluding securities
Plan Category
options, warrants and rights
warrants and rights
reflected in column (a))
Equity compensation plan
 
 
 
approved by shareholders
                                              15,404
                                              14.675
                                              62,929
Equity compensation plans
 
 
 
not approved by shareholders
                                                      -
                                                      -
                                                      -
Total
                                              15,404
                                              14.675
                                              62,929
 
 
19
 
 
ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
Summary Financial Information
 
In the following table, we provide you with our selected consolidated historical financial and other data. We have prepared the consolidated selected financial information using our consolidated financial statements for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. When you read this selected consolidated historical financial and other data, it is important that you read along with it the historical financial statements and related notes in our consolidated financial statements included in this report, as well as Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
Years Ended September 30,      
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenue
 $4,874 
 $6,024 
 $6,291 
 $7,983 
 $8,573 
Cost of goods sold
  3,966 
  5,036 
  5,274 
  6,694 
  6,717 
Gross profit
  908 
  988 
  1,017 
  1,289 
  1,856 
Research and development expenses
  79 
  326 
  363 
  670 
  1,169 
General and administrative expenses
  3,088 
  3,355 
  2,984 
  3,180 
  4,581 
Impairment of goodwill
  984 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Operating (loss)
  (3,243)
  (2,693)
  (2,330)
  (2,561)
  (3,894)
Other expense
  (658)
  947 
  (271)
  1,538 
  (2,741)
Net (loss)
  (3,901)
  (1,746)
  (2,601)
  (1,023)
 $(6,635)
Income taxes current benefit
  - 
  - 
  30 
  (6)
 $(30)
Net (loss)
  (3,901)
  (1,746)
  (2,631)
  (1,017)
  (6,605)
Noncontrolling interest
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
 $17 
Net (loss) attributable to Visualant, Inc. and Subsidiaries common shareholders
 $(3,901)
 $(1,746)
 $(2,631)
 $(1,017)
 $(6,622)
Net (loss) per share
 $(1.01)
 $(1.22)
 $(2.33)
 $(1.24)
 $(15.11)
Weighted average number of shares
  3,844,840 
  1,428,763 
  1,131,622 
  819,563 
  437,049 
 
ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 
 
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our financial statements and related notes appearing at the end of this prospectus. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this prospectus, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business and related financing, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You should read the "Risk Factors" section of this prospectus for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis.
 
We are focused on the development, marketing and sales of a proprietary technology which is capable of uniquely identifying and authenticating almost any substance using light to create, record and detect the unique digital “signature” of the substance. We call this our “ChromaID™” technology.
 
Overview
 
For the past several years we have focused on the development of our proprietary ChromaID™ technology. Using light from low-cost LEDs (light emitting diodes) we map the color of substances, fluids and materials and with our proprietary processes we can authenticate, identify and diagnose based upon the color that is present. The color is both visible to us as humans but also outside of the humanly visible color spectrum in the near infra-red and near ultra-violet and beyond. Our ChromaID scanner sees what we like to call “Nature’s Color Fingerprint.” Everything in nature has a unique color identifier and with ChromaID we can see it, and identify, authenticate and diagnose based upon the color that is present. Our ChromaID scanner is capable of uniquely identifying and authenticating almost any substance or liquid using light to create, record and detect its unique color signature. While we will continue to develop and enhance our ChromaID technology and extend its capacity, we have moved into the commercialization phase of our Company as we begin to both work with partners and internally to create revenue generating products for the marketplace.
 
Our ChromaID™ Technology
 
We have developed a proprietary technology to uniquely identify and authenticate almost any substance. This patented technology utilizes light at the photon (elementary particle of light) level through a series of emitters and detectors to generate a unique signature or “fingerprint” from a scan of almost any solid, liquid or gaseous material. This signature of reflected or transmitted light is digitized, creating a unique ChromaID signature. Each ChromaID signature is comprised of from hundreds to thousands of specific data points.
 
 
 
 
20
 
 
The ChromaID technology looks beyond visible light frequencies to areas of near infra-red and ultraviolet light and beyond that are outside the humanly visible light spectrum. The data obtained allows us to create a very specific and unique ChromaID signature of the substance for a myriad of authentication, verification and diagnostic applications.
 
Traditional light-based identification technology, called spectrophotometry, has relied upon a complex system of prisms, mirrorsand visible light. Spectrophotometers typically have a higher cost and utilize a form factor (shape and size) more suited to a laboratory setting and require trained laboratory personnel to interpret the information. The ChromaID technology uses lower cost LEDs and photodiodes and specific frequencies of light resulting in a more accurate, portable and easy-to-use solution for a wide variety of applications. The ChromaID technology not only has significant cost advantages as compared to spectrophotometry, it is also completely flexible is size, shape and configuration. The ChromaID scan head can range in size from endoscopic to a scale that could be the size of a large ceiling-mounted florescent light fixture.
 
In normal operation, a ChromaID master or reference scan is generated and stored in a database. We call this the ChromaID Reference Library. The Visualant scan head can then scan similar materials to identify, authenticate or diagnose them by comparing the new ChromaID digital signature scan to that of the original or reference ChromaID signature or scan result. Over time, we believe the ChromaID Reference Libraries can become a significant asset of the Company, providing valuable information in numerous fields of use.
 
We have pursued an active intellectual property strategy and have been granted eleven patents. We also have 20 patents pending. We possess all right, title and interest to the issued patents. Ten of the pending patents are licensed exclusively to us in perpetuity by our strategic partner, Allied Inventors, a spin off corporation from Intellectual Ventures, the large intellectual property fund.
 
In 2010, we acquired TransTech Systems as an adjunct to our business. TransTech is a distributor of products for employee and personnel identification. TransTech currently provides substantially all of our revenues. We intend, however, to further develop and market our ChromaID technology.
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following table presents certain consolidated statement of operations information and presentation of that data as a percentage of change from year-to-year.
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
Years Ended September 30,    
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$ Variance
 
 
% Variance
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 $4,874 
 $6,024 
 $(1,150)
  -19.1%
Cost of sales
  3,966 
  5,036 
  (1,070)
  21.2%
Gross profit
  908 
  988 
  (80)
  -8.1%
Research and development expenses
  79 
  326 
  (247)
  75.8%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
  3,088 
  3,355 
  (267)
  8.0%
Impairment of goodwill
  984 
  - 
  - 
  -100.0%
Operating loss
  (3,243)
  (2,693)
  434 
  16.1%
Other (expense) income:
    
    
    
    
Interest expense
  (377)
  (324)
  (53)
  -16.4%
Other (expense)
  (63)
  (11)
  (52)
  -472.7%
(Loss) gain on change- derivative liability warrants
  (218)
  2,560 
  (2,778)
  -108.5%
(Loss) on conversion of debt
  - 
  (1,278)
  1,278 
  100.0%
Total other (expense) income
  (658)
  947 
  (1,605)
  -169.5%
Income before income taxes
  (3,901)
  (1,746)
  (1,171)
  -67.1%
Income taxes - current (benefit)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  0.0%
Net (loss)
  (3,901)
  (1,746)
  (1,171)
  -67.1%
 
Sales
 
Net revenue for the year ended September 30, 2017 decreased $1,150,000 to $4,874,000 as compared to $6,024,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. The decrease was due to lower sales by TransTech resulting from a reduction in product sales and a large sale in 2016 that was not repeated in 2017.
 
Cost of Sales
 
Cost of sales for the year ended September 30, 2017 decreased $1,070,000 to $3,966,000 as compared to $5,036,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. The decrease was due to lower sales by TransTech resulting from a reduction in product sales and a large sale in 2016 that was not repeated in 2017.
 
 
21
 
 
Gross profit was $908,000 for the year ended September 30, 2017 as compared to $988,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. Gross profit was 18.6% for the year ended September 30, 2017 as compared to 16.4% for the year ended September 30, 2016.
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
Research and development expenses for the year ended September 30, 2017 decreased $247,000 to $79,000 as compared to $326,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. The decrease was due to reduced expenditures for the RATLab and suppliers related to the commercialization of our ChromaID technology. The RATLab is no longer providing us with services.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2017 decreased $267,000 to $3,088,000 as compared to $3,355,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. 
 
The decrease primarily was due to (i) decreased business development and investor relation expenses of $112,000; (ii) reduced consulting expenses of $107,000; (iii) decreased amortization expense of $71,000; (iv) decreased payroll expenses of $69,000; (v) decreased legal expenses of $46,000;(vi) decreased other expenses of $46,000;offset by (vii) increased bad debt losses on accounts receivable of $136,000; and (viii) increased marketing expenses of $48,000. As part of the selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2017, we incurred investor relation expenses and business development expenses of $692,000.
 
Impairment of Goodwill
 
Our TransTech business is very capital intensive. We reviewed TransTech’s operations based on its overall financial constraints and determined the value has been impaired. We recorded an impairment of goodwill associated with TransTech of $984,000 during the year September 30, 2017.
  
Other Income (Expense)
 
Other expense for the year ended September 30, 2017 was $658,000 as compared to other income of $947,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. The other expense for the year ended September 30, 2017 included (i) change in the value of derivatives of $218,000; (ii) interest expense of $377,000; (iii) other expense of $63,000. The decrease is a result of the decline of the derivative liability as our underlying stock price has declined and conversion of interest and amortization of debt discount of $227,000.
 
The other income for the year ended September 30, 2016 included change in the value of derivatives of $2,560,000, offset by the loss on the retirement of debt of $1,278,000, interest expenses of $324,000 and other expenses of $11,000. The gain on the value of the derivative instruments is a result of the decline of the derivative liability as our underlying stock price has declined.
 
Net (Loss)
 
Net loss for the year ended September 30, 2017 was $3,901,000 as compared to $1,746,000 for the year ended September 30, 2016. The net loss for the year ended September 30, 2017, included non-cash expenses of non-cash items of $2,397,000. The non-cash items include (i) depreciation and amortization of $81,000; (ii) issuance of capital stock for services and expenses of $548,000; (iii) stock based compensation of $38,000; (iv) bad debt losses and provision on loss on accounts receivable of $141,000; (v) impairment of goodwill of $984,000; (vi) loss on sale of assets $113,000; (vii) conversion of interest and amortization of debt discount of $227,000; and (viii) reclassification of derivative liability of $410,000; offset by (ix) loss on change- derivative liability warrants of $145,000. TransTech’s net loss from operations was ($256,000) for the year ended September 30, 2017 as compared to ($192,000) for the year ended September 30, 2016.
 
The net loss for the year ended September 30, 2016, included non-cash income of $956,000, including (i) gain on change- derivative liability warrants of $2,560,000, offset by (ii) other of $34,000, (iii) depreciation and amortization of $179,000; (iv) stock based compensation of $46,000; (v) share and warrant issuances of $395,000; (vi) loss on conversion of preferred stock $675,695; (vii) loss on settlement of debt $97,037;(viii) loss on termination of stock purchase agreement $505,000; (ix) amortization of debt discounts $299,412.
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
 
We had cash of approximately $103,000 and net working capital deficit of approximately $4,099,000 as of September 30, 2017.  We have experienced net losses since inception and we expect losses to continue as we commercialize our ChromaID™ technology. As of September 30, 2017, we had an accumulated deficit of $31,534,000 and net losses in the amount of $3,901,000 and $1,746,000 for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. We believe that our cash on hand will be sufficient to fund our operations through January 31, 2018.
 
 
22
 
 
The opinion of our independent registered public accounting firm on our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended September 30, 2017 contains an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon raising capital from financing transactions.
 
We need additional financing to implement our business plan and to service our ongoing operations and pay our current debts. There can be no assurance that we will be able to secure any needed funding, or that if such funding is available, the terms or conditions would be acceptable to us. If we are unable to obtain additional financing when it is needed, we will need to restructure our operations, and divest all or a portion of our business.We may seek additional capital through a combination of private and public equity offerings, debt financings and strategic collaborations. Debt financing, if obtained, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, and could increase our expenses and require that our assets secure such debt. Equity financing, if obtained, could result in dilution to our then-existing stockholders and/or require such stockholders to waive certain rights and preferences. If such financing is not available on satisfactory terms, or is not available at all, we may be required to delay, scale back, eliminate the development of business opportunities or file for bankruptcy and our operations and financial condition may be materially adversely affected.
 
We have financed our corporate operations and our technology development through the issuance of convertible debentures, the issuance of preferred stock, the sale common stock, issuance of common stock in conjunction with an equity line of credit, loans by our Chief Executive Officer and the exercise of warrants.
 
We finance our TransTech operations from operations and a Secured Credit Facility with Capital Source Business Finance Group. On December 9, 2008, TransTech entered into a $1,000,000 secured credit facility with Capital Source to fund its operations. On June 6, 2017, TransTech entered into the Fourth Modification to the Loan and Security Agreement. This secured credit facility was renewed until June 12, 2018 with a floor for prime interest of 4.5% (currently 4.5%) plus 2.5%. The eligible borrowing is based on 80% of eligible trade accounts receivable, not to exceed $500,000. The secured credit facility is collateralized by the assets of TransTech, with a guarantee by Visualant, including a security interest in all assets of Visualant. The remaining balance on the accounts receivable line of $365,725 ($16,000 available) as of September 30, 2017 must be repaid by the time the secured credit facility expires on June 12, 2018, or the Company renews by automatic extension for the next successive one year term.
 
Operating Activities
 
Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended September 30, 2017 was $1,264,000. This amount was primarily related to (i) a net loss of $3,901,000; offset by (ii) a decrease in accounts receivable and prepaid expenses of $27,000; (iii) a decrease in inventory of $69,000; (iv) an increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and deferred revenue of $198,000; (v) non-cash expenses of non-cash items of $2,397,000. The non-cash items include (i) depreciation and amortization of $81,000; (ii) issuance of capital stock for services and expenses of $548,000; (iii) stock based compensation of $38,000; (iv) bad debt losses and provision on loss on accounts receivable of $141,000; (v)impairment of goodwill of $984,000; (vi) loss on sale of assets $113,000; (vii) conversion of interest and amortization of debt discount of $227,000; and (viii) reclassification of derivative liability of $410,000; offset by (ix) loss on change- derivative liability warrants of $145,000.
 
Financing Activities
 
Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended September 30, 2017 was $1,145,000. This amount was primarily related to (i) proceeds from convertible notes of $690,000; (ii) proceeds from the sale of common and preferred stock of $550,000; and (iii) proceeds from line of credit of $30,000; offset by (iv) repayment of convertible notes of $125,000.
 
Our contractual cash obligations as of September 30, 2017 are summarized in the table below:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less Than
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Greater Than
 
Contractual Cash Obligations
 
Total
 
 
1 Year
 
 
1-3 Years
 
 
3-5 Years
 
 
5 Years
 
Operating leases
 $268,776 
 $75,726 
 $136,940 
 $56,110 
 $- 
Convertible notes payable
  570,000 
  570,000 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Notes payable
  1,165,660 
  1,165,660 
  - 
  - 
  - 
Capital expenditures
  100,000 
  20,000 
  40,000 
  40,000 
  - 
 
 $2,104,436 
 $1,831,386 
 $176,940 
 $96,110 
 $- 
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements (as that term is defined in Item 303 of Regulation S-K) that are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.
 
 
23
 
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
 
The application of GAAP involves the exercise of varying degrees of judgment. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments based on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.
 
Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe that of our significant accounting policies (see summary of significant accounting policies more fully described in Note 2 to the financial statements set forth in this report), the following policies involve a higher degree of judgment and/or complexity:
 
Inventories – Inventories consist primarily of printers and consumable supplies, including ribbons and cards, badge accessories, capture devices, and access control components held for resale and are stated at the lower of cost or market on the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method.  Inventories are considered available for resale when drop shipped and invoiced directly to a customer from a vendor, or when physically received by TransTech at a warehouse location.  We record a provision for excess and obsolete inventory whenever an impairment has been identified. There is a $35,000 and $25,000 reserve for impaired inventory as of September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments  ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures, defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.  This topic also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires classification based on observable and unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.  The fair value hierarchy distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and an entity’s own assumptions (unobservable inputs).  
 
Revenue Recognition – Visualant and TransTech revenue are derived from products and services. Revenue is considered realized when the products or services have been provided to the customer, the work has been accepted by the customer and collectability is reasonably assured. Furthermore, if an actual measurement of revenue cannot be determined, we defer all revenue recognition until such time that an actual measurement can be determined. If during the course of a contract management determines that losses are expected to be incurred, such costs are charged to operations in the period such losses are determined. Revenues are deferred when cash has been received from the customer but the revenue has not been earned.
 
Stock Based Compensation – We have share-based compensation plans under which employees, consultants, suppliers and directors may be granted restricted stock, as well as options to purchase shares of our common stock at the fair market value at the time of grant. Stock-based compensation cost is measured by us at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, over the requisite service period. For options issued to employees, we recognize stock compensation costs utilizing the fair value methodology over the related period of benefit.  Grants of stock options and stock to non-employees and other parties are accounted for in accordance with the ASC 505.
 
ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
We have no investments in any market risk sensitive instruments either held for trading purposes or entered into for other than trading purposes.
 
ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 
Reference is made to our consolidated financial statements beginning on page F-1 of this report.
 
ITEM 9.    CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.
 
We conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures also include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company's management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive and principal financial officers concluded as of September 30, 2017 that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level due to the material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting discussed immediately below.
 
 
24
 
 
Identified Material Weakness
 
A material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, that results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the financial statements will not be prevented or detected.
 
Management identified the following material weakness during its assessment of internal controls over financial reporting:
 
Audit Committee: While we have an audit committee, we lack a financial expert. During 2018, the Board expects to appoint an additional independent Director to serve as Audit Committee Chairman who is an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and as adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Financial Reporting: There were several late required Form 8-K and Form D SEC filings from April 1, 2017 to August 14, 2017. In addition, we believe there is a lack of segregation of duties over financial reporting. The Company is strengthening financial personnel and using a consultant to ensure accurate and timely financial reporting.
 
(b) Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our CEO and CFO, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by our board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).  Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and disposition of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorization of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2017.  In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in the 2013 Internal Control-Integrated Framework.  Based on its evaluation, management has concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of September 30, 2017.
 
Pursuant to Regulation S-K Item 308(b), this Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated can provide only reasonable, but not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met.  The design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their cost.
 
c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting in the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, which were identified in connection with our management’s evaluation required by paragraph (d) of rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
  
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION
 
There were no disclosures of any information required to be filed on Form 8-K during the three months ended September 30, 2017 that were not filed.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
25
 
 
PART III
 
ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
The following table sets forth certain information about our current directors and executive officers:
 
Name
Age
Director/ Executive Officer
Directors-
 
 
Ronald P. Erickson
73
Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and President (1)
 
 
Interim Chief Financial Officer
Jon Pepper
66
Director (2)
Ichiro Takesako
58
Director
 
 
 
 
 
 
Executive Officers-
 
 
Todd Martin Sames
63
Executive Vice President of Business Development
 
(1) Chairman of the Nomination and Governance Committee.
(2) Chairman of the Audit and Compensation Committees.
 
All directors hold office until their successors are duly appointed or until their earlier resignation or removal.
 
Background and Business Experience
 
Ronald P. Erickson has been a director and officer of Visualant since April 2003. He was appointed as our CEO and President in November 2009 and as Chairman of the Board in February 2015. Previously, Mr. Erickson was our President and Chief Executive Officer from September 2003 through August 2004, and was Chairman of the Board from August 2004 until May 2011. 
 
A senior executive with more than 30 years of experience in the high technology, telecommunications, micro-computer, and digital media industries, Mr. Erickson was the founder of Visualant. He is formerly Chairman, CEO and Co-Founder of Blue Frog Media, a mobile media and entertainment company; Chairman and CEO of eCharge Corporation, an Internet-based transaction procession company,  Chairman, CEO and Co-founder of GlobalTel Resources, a provider of telecommunications services; Chairman, Interim President and CEO of Egghead Software, Inc. a software reseller where he was an original investor; Chairman and CEO of NBI, Inc.; and Co-founder of MicroRim, Inc. the database software developer. Earlier, Mr. Erickson practiced law in Seattle and worked in public policy in Washington, DC and New York, NY. Additionally, Mr. Erickson has been an angel investor and board member of a number of public and private technology companies.  In addition to his business activities, Mr. Erickson serves on the Board of Trustees of Central Washington University where he received his BA degree. He also holds a MA from the University of Wyoming and a JD from the University of California, Davis. He is licensed to practice law in the State of Washington.
 
Mr. Erickson is our founder and was appointed as a director because of his extensive experience in developing technology companies.
 
Ichiro Takesako has served as a director since December 28, 2012. Mr. Takesako has held executive positions with Sumitomo Precision Products Co., Ltd or Sumitomo since 1983. Mr. Takesako graduated from Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan where he majored in Social Science and graduated with a Degree of Bachelor of Social Science.
 
In the past few years, Mr. Takesako has held the following executive position in Sumitomo and its affiliates:
 
June 2008:
appointed as General Manager of Sales and Marketing Department of Micro Technology Division
April 2009:
appointed as General Manager of Overseas Business Department of Micro Technology Division, in charge of M&A activity of certain business segment and assets of Aviza Technology, Inc.
July 2010:
appointed as Executive Director of SPP Process Technology Systems, 100% owned subsidiary of Sumitomo Precision Products then, stationed in Newport, Wales
August 2011:
appointed as General Manager, Corporate Strategic Planning Group
January 2013:
appointed as Chief Executive Officer of M2M Technologies, Inc., a company invested by Sumitomo Precision products
April 2013:
appointed as General Manager of Business Development Department, in parallel of CEO of M2M Technologies, Inc.
April 2014:
relieved from General Manager of Business Development Department and is responsible for M2M Technologies Inc. as its CEO
March 2017:
Established own company, At Signal, Inc., and taking over the business and technologies previously held by M2M Technologies, retired from Sumitomo Precision Products
 
 
 
26
 
 
Mr. Takesako was appointed as a Director based on his position with Sumitomo and Sumitomo's significant partnership with the Company. After Sumitomo decided to exit from relationship, Mr. Takesako remains as board member.
 
Jon Pepper has served as an independent director since April 2006. Mr. Pepper founded Pepcom in 1980, and continues as the founding partner of Pepcom, an industry leader at producing press-only technology showcase events around the country. Prior to that, Mr. Pepper started the DigitalFocus newsletter, a ground-breaking newsletter on digital imaging that was distributed to leading influencers worldwide. Mr. Pepper has been closely involved with the high technology revolution since the beginning of the personal computer era. He was formerly a well-regarded journalist and columnist; his work on technology subjects appeared in The New York Times, Fortune, PC Magazine, Men's Journal, Working Woman, PC Week, Popular Science and many other well-known publications. Pepper was educated at Union College in Schenectady, New York and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen.
 
Mr. Pepper was appointed as a director because of his marketing skills with technology companies. 
 
Other Executive Officers 
 
Todd Martin Sames joined the Company as Vice President, Business Development in September 2012.  Mr. Sames was appointed Executive Vice President, Business Development in March 2015. Mr. Sames is responsible for global business development and sales of the ChromaID technology, customer relations and creating new licensing agreements resulting in the commercialization of Visualant’s technology across a wide range of applications with device and equipment manufacturers in several business verticals.
 
Mr. Sames brings over 25 years of successful emerging technology sales and sales management experience in the areas of enterprise software, audio and video conferencing and networking solutions to corporate clients. From 2010 to 2012, Mr. Sames held a Business Unit Director position at INX, focused on unified communications and collaboration solutions for Fortune 1000 clients. From 2007 to 2010, Mr. Sames held a Regional Management position at BT Conferencing, Video. Prior to that, Mr. Sames was the original corporate sales resource for then start-up Portable Software, now Concur Technologies,
 
During his tenure at Egghead Software, Mr. Sames was the Midwest Regional Manager for Corporate Sales based in Chicago and ultimately Director of Corporate Relationships overseeing corporate purchasing contracts, special projects and innovative new corporate service programs. Mr. Sames has a Bachelor of Arts Degree from the University of Puget Sound and additional certifications in communications technology from Cisco Systems, Polycom, TANDBERG and other technology systems providers.  
 
Family Relationships
 
There are no family relationships among our directors and executive officers.
 
Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings
 
None of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:
 
 
Had any petition under the federal bankruptcy laws or any state insolvency law filed by or against, or had a receiver, fiscal agent, or similar officer appointed by a court for the business or property of such person, or any partnership in which he was a general partner at or within two years before the time of such filing, or any corporation or business association of which he was an executive officer at or within two years before the time of such filing;
 
 
Been convicted in a criminal proceeding or a named subject of a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);
 
 
 
 
Been the subject of any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended, or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining him from, or otherwise limiting, the following activities:
 
 
Acting as a futures commission merchant, introducing broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator, floor broker, leverage transaction merchant, any other person regulated by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, or an associated person of any of the foregoing, or as an investment adviser, underwriter, broker or dealer in securities, or as an affiliated person, director or employee of any investment company, bank, savings and loan association or insurance company, or engaging in or continuing any conduct or practice in connection with such activity;
 
 
 
 
Engaging in any type of business practice; or
 
 
 
 
Engaging in any activity in connection with the purchase or sale of any security or commodity or in connection with any violation of federal or state securities laws or federal commodities laws;
 
 
27
 
 
 
Been the subject of any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended, or vacated, of any federal or state authority barring, suspending, or otherwise limiting for more than 60 days the right of such person to engage in any activity described in (i) above, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;
 
 
 
 
Been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the SEC to have violated any federal or state securities law, where the judgment in such civil action or finding by the SEC has not been subsequently reversed, suspended, or vacated; or
 
 
 
 
Been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated any federal commodities law, where the judgment in such civil action or finding by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission has not been subsequently reversed, suspended, or vacated.
 
Board Committees
 
The Board has three standing committees to facilitate and assist the Board in the execution of its responsibilities. The committees are currently the Audit Committee, the Nominations and Governance Committee, and the Compensation Committee. The Committees were formed in July 2010. The Audit and Compensation Committees are comprised solely of non-employee, independent directors. The Nominations and Governance Committee has one management director, Ronald Erickson, as Chairman. Charters for each committee are available on our website at www.visualant.net. The discussion below describes current membership for each of the standing Board committees.
 
Audit
 
Compensation
 
Nominations and Governance
Jon Pepper (Chairman)
 
Jon Pepper (Chairman)
 
Ron Erickson (Chairman)
 
 
 
 
Jon Pepper
 
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
 
No member of the Compensation Committee during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017 served as an officer, former officer, or employee of the Company or participated in a related party transaction that would be required to be disclosed in this prospectus. Further, during this period, no executive officer of the Company served as:
  
 
a member of the Compensation Committee or equivalent of any other entity, one of whose executive officers served as one of our directors or was an immediate family member of a director, or served on our Compensation Committee; or
 
 
 
 
a director of any other entity, one of whose executive officers or their immediate family member served on our Compensation Committee. 
 
Code of Ethics
 
We have adopted conduct and ethics standards titled the code of ethics, which is available at www.visualant.net. These standards were adopted by our Board of Directors to promote transparency and integrity. The standards apply to our Board of Directors, executives and employees. Waivers of the requirements of our code of ethics or associated polices with respect to members of our Board of Directors or executive officers are subject to approval of the full board.
 
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
Compensation Discussion and Analysis
 
Overview of Compensation Program
  
This Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the material elements of compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to each of our executive officers named in the Compensation Table on page 31 under “Remuneration of Executive Officers” (the “Named Executive Officers”) who served during the year ended September 30, 2017. This compensation discussion primarily focuses on the information contained in the following tables and related footnotes and narrative for the last completed fiscal year. We also describe compensation actions taken after the last completed fiscal year to the extent that it enhances the understanding of our executive compensation disclosure. The principles and guidelines discussed herein would also apply to any additional executive officers that the Company may hire in the future.
 
The Compensation Committee of the Board has responsibility for overseeing, reviewing and approving executive compensation and benefit programs in accordance with the Compensation Committee’s charter.  The members of the Compensation Committee are Jon Pepper. We expect to appoint an additional independent Director to serve on the Compensation Committee by early 2017.
 
 
 
28
 
 
Compensation Philosophy and Objectives
 
The major compensation objectives for the Company’s executive officers are as follows:
 
 
 
 
to attract and retain highly qualified individuals capable of making significant contributions to our long-term success;
 
 
 
 
to motivate and reward named executive officers whose knowledge, skills, and performance are critical to our success;
 
 
 
 
to closely align the interests of our named executive officers and other key employees with those of its shareholders; and
 
 
 
 
to utilize incentive based compensation to reinforce performance objectives and reward superior performance.
 
Role of Chief Executive Officer in Compensation Decisions
 
The Board approves all compensation for the chief executive officer. The Compensation Committee makes recommendations on the compensation for the chief executive officer and approves all compensation decisions, including equity awards, for our executive officers. Our chief executive officer makes recommendations regarding the base salary and non-equity compensation of other executive officers that are approved by the Compensation Committee in its discretion.
 
Setting Executive Compensation
 
The Compensation Committee believes that compensation for the Company’s executive officers must be managed to what we can afford and in a way that allows for us to meet our goals for overall performance. During 2017 and 2016, the Compensation Committee and the Board compensated its Chief Executive Officer with an annual salary of $180,000 effective June 1, 2012. During 2017 and 2016, the Committee compensated its Chief Financial Officer with an annual salary of $120,000 effective June 1, 2012. This compensation reflected the financial condition of the Company. Other Named Executive Officers were paid by us during 2017 and 2016. The Compensation Committee does not use a peer group of publicly-traded and privately-held companies in structuring the compensation packages.
 
Executive Compensation Components for the Year Ended September 30, 2017
 
The Compensation Committee did not use a formula for allocating compensation among the elements of total compensation during the year that ended on September 30, 2017. The Compensation Committee believes that in order to attract and retain highly effective people it must maintain a flexible compensation structure. For the year that ended on September 30, 2017, the principal components of compensation for named executive officers were base salary.
 
Base Salary
 
Base salary is intended to ensure that our employees are fairly and equitably compensated. Generally, base salary is used to appropriately recognize and reward the experience and skills that employees bring to the Company and provides motivation for career development and enhancement. Base salary ensures that all employees continue to receive a basic level of compensation that reflects any acquired skills which are competently demonstrated and are consistently used at work.
 
Base salaries for the Company’s named executive officers are initially established based on their prior experience, the scope of their responsibilities and the applicable competitive market compensation paid by other companies for similar positions. Mr. Erickson and Mr. Wilson were compensated as described above based on the financial condition of the Company.
 
Performance-Based Incentive Compensation
 
The Compensation Committee believes incentive compensation reinforces performance objectives, rewards superior performance and is consistent with the enhancement of stockholder value. All of the Company’s Named Executive Officers are eligible to receive performance-based incentive compensation. The Compensation Committee did not recommend or approve payment of any performance-based incentive compensation to the Named Executive Officers during the year ended September 30, 2017 based on our financial condition.
  
Ownership Guidelines
 
The Compensation Committee does not require our executive officers to hold a minimum number of our shares. However, to directly align the interests of executive officers with the interests of the stockholders, the Compensation Committee encourages each executive officer to maintain an ownership interest in the Company.
 
Stock Option Program
 
Stock options are an integral part of our executive compensation program. They are intended to encourage ownership and retention of the Company’s common stock by named executive officers and employees, as well as non-employee members of the Board. Through stock options, the objective of aligning employees’ long-term interest with those of stockholders may be met by providing employees with the opportunity to build a meaningful stake in the Company.
 
 
29
 
 
The Stock Option Program assists us by:
 
- enhancing the link between the creation of stockholder value and long-term executive incentive compensation;
 
- providing an opportunity for increased equity ownership by executive officers; and
 
- maintaining competitive levels of total compensation.
 
Stock option award levels are determined by the Compensation Committee and vary among participants’ positions within the Company. Newly hired executive officers or promoted executive officers are generally awarded stock options, at the discretion of the Compensation Committee, at the next regularly scheduled Compensation Committee meeting on or following their hire or promotion date. In addition, such executives are eligible to receive additional stock options on a discretionary basis after performance criteria are achieved.
 
Options are awarded at the closing price of our common stock on the date of the grant or last trading day prior to the date of the grant. The Compensation Committee’s policy is not to grant options with an exercise price that is less than the closing price of our common stock on the grant date.
 
Generally, the majority of the options granted by the Compensation Committee vest quarterly over two to three years or annually over five years of the 5-10-year option term. Vesting and exercise rights cease upon termination of employment and/or service, except in the case of death (subject to a one year limitation), disability or retirement. Stock options vest immediately upon termination of employment without cause or an involuntary termination following a change of control. Prior to the exercise of an option, the holder has no rights as a stockholder with respect to the shares subject to such option, including voting rights and the right to receive dividends or dividend equivalents.
 
The Named Executive Officers did not receive stock grants and option awards during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
Retirement and Other Benefits
 
We have no other retirement, savings, long-term stock award or other type of plans for the Named Executive Officers.
 
Perquisites and Other Personal Benefits
 
During the year ended September 30, 2016, we provided the Named Executive Officers with medical insurance. No other personal benefits were provided to these individuals. The committee expects to review the levels of perquisites and other personal benefits provided to Named Executive Officers annually.
 
Entry into Employment Agreement with Ronald P. Erickson, Chief Executive Officer
 
On August 4, 2017, the Board of Directors approved an Employment Agreement with Ronald P. Erickson pursuant to which the we engaged Mr. Erickson as our Chief Executive Officer through June 30, 2018.
 
Mr. Erickson’s annual compensation is $180,000. Mr. Erickson is also entitled to receive an annual bonus and equity awards compensation as approved by the Board. The bonus should be paid no later than 30 days following earning of the bonus.
 
Mr. Erickson will be entitled to participate in all group employment benefits that are offered by us to our senior executives and management employees from time to time, subject to the terms and conditions of such benefit plans, including any eligibility requirements.
 
If we terminate Mr. Erickson’s employment at any time prior to the expiration of the Term without Cause, as defined in the Employment Agreement, or if Mr. Erickson terminates his employment at any time for “Good Reason” or due to a “Disability”, Mr. Erickson will be entitled to receive (i) his Base Salary amount for one year; and (ii) medical benefits for eighteen months.
 
Tax and Accounting Implications
 
Deductibility of Executive Compensation
 
Subject to certain exceptions, Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code") generally denies a deduction to any publicly held corporation for compensation paid to its chief executive officer and its three other highest paid executive officers (other than the principal financial officer) to the extent that any such individual's compensation exceeds $1 million. “Performance-based compensation” (as defined for purposes of Section 162(m)) is not taken into account for purposes of calculating the $1 million compensation limit, provided certain disclosure, shareholder approval and other requirements are met. We periodically review the potential consequences of Section 162(m) and may structure the performance-based portion of our executive compensation to comply with certain exceptions to Section 162(m). However, we may authorize compensation payments that do not comply with the exceptions to Section 162(m) when we believe that such payments are appropriate and in the best interests of the stockholders, after taking into consideration changing business conditions or the officer's performance.
 
 
30
 
 
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation
 
Beginning on January 1, 2006, we began accounting for stock-based payments including its Stock Option Program in accordance with the requirements of ASC 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation.”
 
COMPENSATION COMMITTEE REPORT
 
The Compensation Committee, composed entirely of independent directors in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations, sets and administers policies that govern the Company's executive compensation programs, and incentive and stock programs. The Compensation Committee of the Company has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management and, based on such review and discussions, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Proxy Statement.
 
THE COMPENSATION COMMITTEE
 
Jon Pepper, Chairman
 
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
REMUNERATION OF EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
 
The following table provides information concerning remuneration of the chief executive officer, the chief financial officer and another named executive officer for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016:
 
Summary Compensation Table
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock
Option
Other
 
 
 
 
Salary
Bonus
Awards
Awards
Compensation
Total
Name
Principal Position
 
($)
($)
($) (4)
($)
($)
($)
Salary-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ronald P. Erickson (1)
Chief Executive Officer and Interim Chief Financial Officer
9/30/2017
 $ 180,000
 $ -
 $ 34,000
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 214,000
 
 
9/30/2016
 $ 180,000
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 180,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeff T. Wilson (2)
Former Chief Financial Officer
9/30/2017
 $ 87,500
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 87,500
 
 
9/30/2016
 $ 8,300
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 8,300
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Todd Martin Sames (3)
Executive Vice President of Business Development
9/30/2017
 $ 120,000
 $ -
 $ 25,500
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 145,500
 
 
9/30/2016
 $ 120,000
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ -
 $ 120,000
 
(1) During the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, Mr. Erickson was compensated at a monthly salary of $15,000. As of September 30, 2017 and 2016, Mr. Erickson had accrued but unpaid salary of $7,500 and $105,000, respectively. This accrual was based on the tight cash flow of the Company and agreed to by Mr. Erickson, but there was no formal deferral agreement. There was no accrued interest paid on the unpaid salary. The 200,000 of restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Erickson at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  
 
(2) During the period October 1, 2016 to May 15, 2017, Mr. Wilson was compensated at a monthly salary of $10,000. During the period May 16, 2017 to July 31, 2017, Mr. Wilson was compensated at a monthly rate of $5,000. As of September 30, 2017, Mr. Wilson had alleged unpaid compensation of $12,500. During the period from September 6, 2016 to September 30, 2016, Mr. Wilson was paid $8,300. Mr. Wilson was appointed Chief Financial Officer on September 6, 2016 and he departed July 31, 2017.
 
(3) During the year ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, Mr. Sames was compensated at a monthly salary of $10,000. As of September 30, 2017 and 2016, Mr. Sames had accrued but unpaid salary of $10,000 and $25,000, respectively, This accrual was based on the tight cash flow of the Company and agreed to by Mr. Sames, but there was no formal deferral agreement. There was no accrued interest paid on the unpaid salary. The 150,000 of restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Sames at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  
 
(4) These amounts reflect the grant date market value as required by Regulation S-K Item 402(n)(2), computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718.
 
Grants of Stock Based Awards in Fiscal Year Then Ended September 30, 2017
 
The Compensation Committee approved the following performance-based incentive compensation to the Named Executive Officers during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
 
31
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Grant  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Awards;
All Other
 
 
 
 Date 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number
Option
Exercise  
 
Fair
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
of
Awards;
or  
 
Value 
 
 
 
 
   Estimated Future Payouts Under
 
 
   Estimated Future Payouts Under
 
Shares of
Number of
Base
 
of 
 
 
 
 
   Non-Equity Incentive Plan
 
 
   Equity Incentive Plan
 
of
Securities
Price of 
 
Stock
 
 
 
 
 Awards    
 
 
 Awards    
 
Stock or
Underlying
Option
 
and
 
 
Grant
 
 Threshold
 
 
 Target
 
 
 Maximum
 
 
 Threshold
 
 
 Target
 
 
 Maximum
 
Units
Options
  Awards
 
Option
 
Name
Date
 ($)
 ($)
 ($)
    (#) 
    (#) 
    (#) 
(#) 
(#) 
 ($/Sh) (4)
 
  Awards
 
 
 
 
    
    
    
    
    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ronald P. Erickson (1)
 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
  300,000 
  300,000 
  300,000 
  200,000 
  - 
 $0.170 
 $34,000 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Jeff T Wilson (2)
 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
 $- 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Todd Martin Sames (3)
 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
  100,000 
  100,000 
  100,000 
  150,000 
  - 
 $0.170 
 $25,500 
 
(1) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Erickson at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  The estimated future payments include 100,000 shares to be issued on January 1, 2018, 2019 and 2020.
 
(2) Mr. Wilson was appointed Chief Financial Officer on September 6, 2016 and he departed July 31, 2017.
 
(3) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Sames at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  The estimated future payments include 66,667 shares to be issued on January 1, 2018, 2019 and 2020.
 
(4) These amounts reflect the grant date market value as required by Regulation S-K Item 402(n)(2), computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718.
 
Outstanding Equity Awards as of Fiscal Year Then Ended September 30, 2017
 
Our Named Executive Officers did not have any outstanding equity awards as of September 30, 2017.
 
Option Exercises and Stock Vested
 
Our Named Executive Officers the following stock vested options during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
 
 
Option Awards  
 
 
Stock Awards (4)  
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Value Realized
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Value Realized
 
Name
 
Acquired on Exercise
 
 
on Exercise
 
 
Acquired on Vesting
 
 
on Vesting
 
 
    (#) 
 
 ($)
 
    (#) 
 
 ($)
 
Ronald P. Erickson (1)
  - 
 $- 
  200,000 
 $34,000 
 
    
    
    
    
Jeff T. Wilson (2)
  - 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
    
Todd Martin Sames (3)
  - 
 $- 
  150,000 
 $25,500 
 
(1) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Erickson at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  
 
(2) Mr. Wilson was appointed Chief Financial Officer on September 6, 2016 and he departed July 31, 2017.
 
(3) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Sames at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  
 
(4) These amounts reflect the grant date market value as required by Regulation S-K Item 402(n)(2), computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718.
 
Pension Benefits
 
We do not provide any pension benefits. 
 
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
 
We do not have a nonqualified deferral program. 
 
Employment Agreements
 
We have an employment agreement with Ronald P. Erickson.
 
32
 
 
Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control
 
We have the following potential payments upon termination or change in control with Ronald P. Erickson:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Early
 
 
Not For Good
 
 
Change in
 
 
 
 
Executive
 
For Cause
 
 
or Normal
 
 
Cause
 
 
Control
 
 
Disability
 
Payments Upon
 
Termination
 
 
Retirement
 
 
Termination
 
 
Termination
 
 
or Death
 
Separation
 
on 9/30/17
 
 
on 9/30/17
 
 
on 9/30/17
 
 
on 9/30/17
 
 
on 9/30/17
 
Compensation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Base salary (1)
 $- 
 $- 
 $180,000 
 $180,000 
 $- 
Performance-based incentive
    
    
    
    
    
    compensation (2)
 $- 
 $- 
 $51,000 
 $51,000 
 $- 
Stock options
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
    
    
Benefits and Perquisites:
    
    
    
    
    
Health and welfare benefits (3)
 $- 
 $- 
 $41,886 
 $41,886 
 $- 
Accrued vacation pay
 $- 
 $- 
 $34,615 
 $34,615 
 $- 
 
    
    
    
    
    
Total
 $- 
 $- 
 $307,501 
 $307,501 
 $- 
 
(1)
Reflects a salary for one year.
(2)
Reflects the vesting of estimated future payments includes 100,000 shares to be issued on January 1, 2018, 2019 and 2020 valued at $0.17 per share.
(3)
Reflects the cost of medical benefits for eighteen months.
 
We do not have any potential payments upon termination or change in control with our other Named Executive Officers.
 
DIRECTOR COMPENSATION
 
We primarily use stock options grants to incentive compensation to attract and retain qualified candidates to serve on the Board. This compensation reflected the financial condition of the Company. In setting director compensation, we consider the significant amount of time that Directors expend in fulfilling their duties to the Company as well as the skill-level required by our members of the Board. During year then ended September 30, 2017, Ronald Erickson did not receive any compensation for his service as a director.  The compensation disclosed in the Summary Compensation Table on page 31 represents the total compensation for Mr. Erickson.
 
Compensation Paid to Board Members
 
Our independent non-employee directors are not compensated in cash.   The only compensation generally has been in the form of stock awards. There is no formal stock compensation plan for independent non-employee directors. Our non-employee directors received the following compensation during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
 
 
Stock
 
 
Option
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
Name
 
Awards (3)
 
 
Awards
 
 
Compensation
 
 
Total
 
Jon Pepper (1)
 $25,500 
 $- 
 $- 
 $25,500 
Ichiro Takesako (2)
  17,000 
  - 
  - 
  17,000 
 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
    
Total
 $42,500 
 $- 
 $- 
 $42,500 
 
(1) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Pepper at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share. 
 
(2) The restricted common stock was issued on September 7, 2017 to Mr. Pepper at the grant date market value of $0.17 per share.  
 
(3) These amounts reflect the grant date market value as required by Regulation S-K Item 402(n)(2), computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718.
 
 
33
 
 
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
 
The following table sets forth certain information regarding the ownership of our common stock as of September 30, 2017 by: 
 
 
each director and nominee for director;
 
 
 
 
each person known by us to own beneficially 5% or more of our common stock;
 
 
 
 
each executive officer named in the summary compensation table elsewhere in this report; and
 
 
 
 
all of our current directors and executive officers as a group.
 
The amounts and percentages of common stock beneficially owned are reported on the basis of regulations of the SEC governing the determination of beneficial ownership of securities. Under the rules of the SEC, a person is deemed to be a “beneficial owner” of a security if that person has or shares voting power,” which includes the power to vote or to direct the voting of such security, or has or shares “investment power,” which includes the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of such security. A person is also deemed to be a beneficial owner of any securities of which that person has the right to acquire beneficial ownership within 60 days. Under these rules more than one person may be deemed a beneficial owner of the same securities and a person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities as to which such person has no economic interest.
 
Unless otherwise indicated below, each beneficial owner named in the table has sole voting and sole investment power with respect to all shares beneficially owned, subject to community property laws where applicable. The address for each person shown in the table is c/o Visualant, Inc. 500 Union Street, Suite 810, Seattle Washington, unless otherwise indicated.
 
 
 
 Shares Beneficially Owned
 
 
 
 Amount
 
 
Percentage
 
Directors and Officers-
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ronald P. Erickson (1)
  358,085 
  7.7%
Jon Pepper (3)
  163,000 
  3.5%
Todd Martin Sames (4)
  151,667 
  3.3%
Ichiro Takesako (5)
  115,385 
  2.5%
Jeffrey T. Wilson (2)
  - 
  - 
Total Directors and Officers (5 in total)
  788,137 
  16.9%
 
* Less than 1%.
 
(1) Includes 355,086 shares of shares of common stock beneficially owned.
 
(2) Mr. Wilson was appointed Chief Financial Officer on September 6, 2016 and he departed July 31, 2017. Mr. Wilson does not have any beneficial ownership.
 
(3) Includes 163,000 shares of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Pepper.
 
(4) Includes 151,667 shares of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Sames.
 
(5) Includes 115,385 shares of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Ichiro Takesako.
 
 
 Shares Beneficially Owned
 
 Amount
Percentage
Greater Than 5% Ownership
 
 
 
 
 
Clayton A. Struve (1)
              9,323,438
66.7%
 
 Blocker at 4.99%  
 
 
 
Dale Broadrick (2)
                2,166,819
37.6%
 
 
 
Special Situations Technology Funds, L.P./ Adam Stettner (3)
                   318,000
6.5%
 
Blocker at 9.99%  
 
 
 
34
 
 
(1) Reflects the shares beneficially owned by Clayton A. Struve. This total includes Preferred Stock that converts into 2,801,709 shares of common stock, a warrant to purchase 4,241,719 shares of common stock and Convertible notes of $570,000 that convert into 2,280,000 shares of common stock. The address of Clayton A. Struve is 175 West Jackson Blvd, Suite 440, Chicago, Illinois.
 
(2) Reflects the shares beneficially owned by Dale Broadrick. This total includes 1,053,801 shares and a total of 1,113,018 Warrants to purchase shares of our common stock. The address of Dale Broadrick is 3003 Brick Church Pike, Nashville, Tennessee.
 
(3) Reflects the shares beneficially owned by Special Situations Technology Funds, L.P. This total includes 106,000 shares and a total of 212,000 Series A and B Warrants to purchase shares of our common stock. The address of Special Situations Technology Funds, L.P. is 527 Madison Avenue, Suite 2600, New York City, New York.
 
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
 
Related Party Transactions
 
Related party transactions for the year ended September 30, 2017 are detailed below and in the Footnotes to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Review and Approval of Related Person Transactions  
 
We have operated under a Code of Conduct for many years. Our Code of Conduct requires all employees, officers and directors, without exception, to avoid the engagement in activities or relationships that conflict, or would be perceived to conflict, with the Company’s interests or adversely affect its reputation. It is understood, however, that certain relationships or transactions may arise that would be deemed acceptable and appropriate upon full disclosure of the transaction, following review and approval to ensure there is a legitimate business reason for the transaction and that the terms of the transaction are no less favorable to the Company than could be obtained from an unrelated person.
 
The Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing and approving all transactions with related persons. The Company has not adopted a written policy for reviewing related person transactions. The Company reviews all relationships and transactions in which the Company and our directors and executive officers or their immediate family members are participants to determine whether such persons have a direct or indirect material interest. As required under SEC rules, transactions that are determined to be directly or indirectly material to the Company or a related person are disclosed.
 
Director Independence
 
The Board has affirmatively determined that Mr. Pepper and Mr. Takesako are each an independent director.  For purposes of making that determination, the Board used NASDAQ’s Listing Rules even though the Company is not currently listed on NASDAQ.
 
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
Since October 1, 2014, we have engaged in the following reportable transactions with our directors, executive officers, holders of more than 5% of our voting securities and affiliates, or immediately family members of our directors, executive officers and holders of more than 5% of our voting securities.
 
Policies and Procedures for Related Person Transactions
 
We have operated under a Code of Conduct and Ethics since December 28, 2012. Our Code of Conduct and Ethics requires all employees, officers and directors, without exception, to avoid the engagement in activities or relationships that conflict, or would be perceived to conflict, with our interests.
 
Prior to the adoption of our related person transaction policy, there was a legitimate business reason for all the related person transactions described above and we believe that, where applicable, the terms of the transactions are no less favorable to us than could be obtained from an unrelated person.
 
Our Audit Committee reviews all relationships and transactions in which we and our directors and executive officers or their immediate family members are participants to determine whether such persons have a direct or indirect material interest.
 
As required under SEC rules, transactions that are determined to be directly or indirectly material to us or a related person are disclosed.
 
 
35
 
 
Services and License Agreement Allied Inventors, L.L.C.
 
In November 2013, we entered into a Services and License Agreement with Invention Development Management Company. IDMC was a subsidiary of Intellectual Ventures, which collaborates with inventors and partners with pioneering companies and invests both expertise and capital in the process of invention. On November 19, 2014, we amended the Services and License Agreement with IDMC. This amendment exclusively licenses 10 filed patents to us. In May of 2016, Intellectual Ventures was spun out IDMC into an independent company now called Allied Inventors, L.L.C. The relationship remains intact.
  
We have received a worldwide, nontransferable, exclusive license to the intellectual property developed under the Allied Inventors agreement during the term of the agreement, and solely within the identification, authentication and diagnostics field of use, to (a) make, have made, use, import, sell and offer for sale products and services; (b) make improvements; and (c) grant sublicenses of any and all of the foregoing rights (including the right to grant further sublicenses). 
 
Allied Inventors is providing global business development services to us for geographies not being pursued by Visualant. Also, Allied Inventors has introduced us to potential customers, licensees and distributors for the purpose of identifying and pursuing a license, sale or distribution arrangement or other monetization event.
 
We granted to Allied Inventors a nonexclusive, worldwide, fully paid, nontransferable, sublicenseable, perpetual license to our intellectual property solely outside the identification, authentication and diagnostics field of use to (a) make, have made, use, import, sell and offer for sale products and services and (b) grant sublicenses of any and all of the foregoing rights (including the right to grant further sublicenses).
 
We granted to Allied Inventors a nonexclusive, worldwide, fully paid up, royalty-free, nontransferable, non-sublicenseable, perpetual license to access and use our technology solely for the purpose of marketing the aforementioned sublicenses of our intellectual property to third parties outside the designated fields of use.
 
In connection with the original license agreement, we issued a warrant to purchase 97,169 shares of common stock to Allied Inventors as consideration for the exclusive intellectual property license and application development services. The warrant has a current exercise price of $0.25 per share and expires November 10, 2018. The per share price is subject to adjustment based on any issuances below $0.25 per share except as described in the warrant.
 
We agreed to pay Allied Inventors a percentage of license revenue for the global development business services and a percentage of revenue received from any company introduce to us by Allied Inventors. We also have also agreed to pay Allied Inventors a royalty when we receive royalty product revenue from an IDMC-introduced company. Allied Inventors has agreed to pay us a license fee for the nonexclusive license of our intellectual property.
 
The term of both the exclusive intellectual property license and the nonexclusive intellectual property license commences on the effective date of November 11, 2013, and terminates when all claims of the patents expire or are held in valid or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction from which no appeal can be taken.
 
The term of the Agreement commences on the effective date until either party terminates the Agreement at any time following the fifth anniversary of the effective date by providing at least ninety days’ prior written notice to the other party.
 
Related Party Transactions with Ronald P. Erickson
 
We have a $199,935 Business Loan Agreement with Umpqua Bank. On December 19, 2017, the Umpqua Loan maturity was extended to March 31, 2018 and provides for interest at 4.00% per year. Related to this Umpqua Loan, we entered into a demand promissory note for $200,000 on January 10, 2014 with an entity affiliated with Ronald P. Erickson, our Chief Executive Officer. This demand promissory note will be effective in case of a default by us under the Umpqua Loan.
 
We also have two other demand promissory notes payable to entities affiliated with Mr. Erickson, totaling $600,000. Each of these notes were issued between January and July 2014, provide for interest of 3% per year and now mature on December 31, 2017. The notes payable also provide for a second lien on our assets if not repaid by December 31, 2017 or converted into convertible debentures or equity on terms acceptable to the Mr. Erickson. We recorded accrued interest of $58,167 as of September 30, 2017.
 
Mr. Erickson and/or entities with which he is affiliated also have advanced $519,833 and have unreimbursed expenses and compensation of approximately $450,679. We owe Mr. Erickson, or entities with which he is affiliated, $1,570,511 as of September 30, 2017.
 
On July 12, 2016, Mr. Erickson and/or entities with which he is affiliated exercised a warrant for 66,667 shares of our common stock at $2.50 per share or $166,668.
 
On August 4, 2017, the Board of Directors approved an Employment Agreement with Ronald P. Erickson pursuant to which we engaged Mr. Erickson as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer through June 30, 2018.
 
 
36
 
 
Stock Issuances to Named Executive Officers and Directors
 
On September 7, 2017, the Company issued 600,000 shares of restricted common stock to two Named Executive Officers employees and two directors for services during 2015-2017. The shares were issued in accordance with the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan and were valued at $0.17 per share, the market price of our common stock. The Company expensed $102,000 during the year ended September 30, 2017.
 
Stock Option Grant Cancellations
 
During the year ended September 30, 2017, two Named Executive Officers forfeited stock option grants for 35,366 shares of common stock at $19.53 per share.
 
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
 
Audit Committee Pre-Approval Policy
 
The Audit Committee has established a pre-approval policy and procedures for audit, audit-related and tax services that can be performed by the independent auditors without specific authorization from the Audit Committee subject to certain restrictions. The policy sets out the specific services pre-approved by the Audit Committee and the applicable limitations, while ensuring the independence of the independent auditors to audit the Company's financial statements is not impaired. The pre-approval policy does not include a delegation to management of the Audit Committee’s responsibilities under the Exchange Act. During the year ended September 30, 2017, the Audit Committee pre-approved all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by our independent auditors.
 
Service Fees Paid to the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Audit Committee engaged SD Mayer and Associates, LLP to perform an annual audit of the Company’s financial statements for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. The following is the breakdown of aggregate fees paid to auditors for the Company for the last two fiscal years:
 
 
 
 Year Ended
 
 
 Year Ended
 
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
Audit fees
 $41,399 
 $37,920 
Audit related fees
  26,900 
  22,000 
Tax fees
  11,825 
  16,450 
All other fees
  17,000 
  26,200 
 
    
    
 
 $97,124 
 $102,570 
 
- “Audit Fees” are fees paid for professional services for the audit of our financial statements.
 
- “Audit-Related fees” are fees paid for professional services not included in the first two categories, specifically, SAS 100 reviews, SEC filings and consents, and accounting consultations on matters addressed during the audit or interim reviews, and review work related to quarterly filings.
 
- “Tax Fees” are fees primarily for tax compliance in connection with filing US income tax returns.
 
- “All other fees” for 2017 related to three year SEC review. All other fees for 2016 related to the review of registration statements on Form S-1.
 
SECTION16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE
 
Our executive officers, directors and 10% stockholders are required under Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the SEC. Copies of these reports must also be furnished to us.
 
Based solely on a review of copies of reports furnished to us, as of September 30, 2017 our executive officers, directors and 10% holders complied with all filing requirements.
 
 
37
 
 
PART IV
 
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
 
(a) FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:
 
The company’s financial statements, as indicated by the Index to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth below, begin on page F-1 of this Form 10-K, and are hereby incorporated by reference. Financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Title of Document
 
Page
 
 
 
Report of SD Mayer and Associates, LLP.
 
F-1
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2017 and 2016
 
F-2
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016
 
F-3
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' (Deficit) for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016
 
F-4
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
F-5
 
 
 
Notes to the Financial Statements
 
F-6
 
(b)
Exhibits
 
Exhibit No.
Description
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
38
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
39
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
40
 
 
101.INS*
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
*Filed Herewith. Pursuant to Regulation S-T, this interactive data file is deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
41
 
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders
Visualant, Incorporated:
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Visualant, Incorporated (the “Company”) as of September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ (deficit), and cash flows for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.  These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Visualant, Incorporated as of September 30, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America.
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.  As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has sustained a net loss from operations and has an accumulated deficit since inception.  These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans in this regard are also described in Note 1.  The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.  
 
SD Mayer and Associates, LLP
 
/s/ SD Mayer and Associates, LLP
 
December 29, 2017
Seattle, Washington
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
F-1
 
 
VISUALANT, INCORPORATED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
  
 
 
September 30, 2017
 
 
September 30, 2016
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 (Audited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $103,181 
 $188,309 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $60,000 and $55,000, respectively
  693,320 
  808,955 
Prepaid expenses
  27,687 
  20,483 
Inventories, net
  225,909 
  295,218 
Total current assets
  1,050,097 
  1,312,965 
 
    
    
EQUIPMENT, NET
  133,204 
  285,415 
 
    
    
OTHER ASSETS
    
    
Intangible assets, net
  - 
  43,750 
Goodwill
  - 
  983,645 
Other assets
  5,070 
  5,070 
 
    
    
TOTAL ASSETS
 $1,188,371 
 $2,630,845 
 
    
    
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' (DEFICIT)
    
    
 
    
    
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
    
    
Accounts payable - trade
 $2,156,646 
 $1,984,326 
Accounts payable - related parties
  2,905 
  41,365 
Accrued expenses
  24,000 
  80,481 
Accrued expenses - related parties
  1,166,049 
  1,109,046 
Deferred revenue
  63,902 
  - 
Derivative liability
  - 
  145,282 
Convertible notes payable
  570,000 
  909,500 
Notes payable - current portion of long term debt