10-K 1 v214864_10k.htm Unassociated Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
x  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended:  December 31, 2010
 
or
 
¨  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Transition Period from __________ to __________
 
Commission File No. 000-25413

China Integrated Energy, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware
 
65-0854589
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
Dongxin Century Square, 7th Floor
Hi-Tech Development District
Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, People’s Republic of China
 
710043
Address of Principal Executive
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  +86-29-8268-3920
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share
 
NASDAQ Capital Market
(Title of Class)
 
(Name of exchange on which registered)
 
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None.
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨   No x
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨   No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer     ¨
Accelerated filer     ¨
   
Non-accelerated filer  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   ¨
Smaller reporting company     x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes   ¨  No x
 
The aggregate market value of 11,891,746 shares held by non-affiliates of the issuer, based on the last sale price $8.30 of the common stock, as reported on the Nasdaq Capital Market on June 30, 2010, was $98,701,492.
 
As of March 12, 2011, there were 39,503,379 shares of the issuer’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.
 
Documents incorporated by reference : None
 

 
 

 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
     
Page
       
PART I
 
  1
       
Item 1.
Business.
 
  1
       
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
 
24
       
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
49
       
Item 2.
Description of Property.
 
49
       
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.
 
51
       
Item 4.
(Removed and Reserved)
 
51
       
PART II
 
51
       
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
51
       
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
 
52
       
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
52
       
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
61
       
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
61
       
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
61
       
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures.
 
61
       
Item 9B.
Other Information.
 
63
       
PART III
 
64
       
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
 
64
       
Item 11.
Executive Compensation.
 
67
       
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
 
70
       
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
73
       
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services.
 
73
       
PART IV
 
74
       
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
 
74

 
i

 
 
NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates”, “believes”, “expects”, “can”, “continue”, “could”, “estimates”, “expects”, “intends”, “may”, “plans”, “potential”, “predict”, “should” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Uncertainties and other factors may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels or activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.
 
PART I
 
 
Item 1.
Business.
 
Overview
 
We are a leading non-state-owned integrated energy company in China engaged in three business segments, the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products, the production and sale of biodiesel and the operation of retail gas stations. Our major business segment is the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products. We sell primarily gasoline, diesel and heavy oil in 16 provinces and municipalities through seven sales offices located in various regions of China. We also have four oil storage depots located in Shaanxi Province. Of the four oil storage depots, we own one, lease one and have the rights to use two of the depots through oil storage service agreements with the state-owned entities that own such depots. We also have access to a 2.65-kilometer railway line at our oil storage depot located in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province, which connects to the main railway. We are one of only four non-state-owned distributors in Shaanxi Province that are licensed to sell both finished oil and heavy oil products, and are a leading non-state-owned distributor in Shaanxi Province distributing all grades of gasoline, diesel and heavy oil. We currently enjoy convenient railway freight access enabling us to reach Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan Provinces. As a high volume distributor, we experience high inventory turnover with minimum inventory exposure, and have therefore been able to maintain a stable margin in our distribution business despite the volatility of global oil prices. We plan to grow our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business by increasing our coverage area and further penetrating our existing customers and territories. .
 
We operate a 100,000-ton biodiesel production plant located in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province and, on October 28, 2010, we acquired Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd., a 50,000-ton biodiesel plant. The Chongqing biodiesel facility uses first generation biodiesel production technology, similar to the production process used in our current 100,000-ton production plant. Our expertise in biodiesel production and established distribution network should allow the Chongqing biodiesel facility to achieve gross margins of approximately 30%. We are paying approximately $16.5 million in cash from cash on hand for the Chongqing biodiesel facility. The Chongqing biodiesel facility is subject to a 25% corporate income tax rate. In October 2010, we obtained control and commenced operations at the Chongqing biodiesel facility. We are also constructing a 50,000-ton biodiesel production plant adjacent to the existing 100,000-ton plant in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province, and expect to complete testing in March 2011. We intend to deploy advanced second-generation production technology as a critical component of the new facility and estimate that we will be able to reduce production costs at the facility by approximately 20%. We expect to double our total biodiesel production capacity from 100,000 tons to 200,000 tons by March 2011.
 
 
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We believe that we are one of the largest biodiesel producers in China measured by production capacity as of the end of 2010, and the only non-state-owned integrated biodiesel producer with a distribution license. We leverage our wholesale distribution channels to sell our biodiesel to our existing customers and to acquire new customers. We have been awarded four patents relating to the use of multiple feedstock interchangeably in first-generation biodiesel production. Our biodiesel feedstock includes non-edible seed oil, waste cooking oil and vegetable oil residue, most of which have limited alternative uses. Therefore, our biodiesel production is environmentally friendly and does not require valuable farmland to grow its feedstock. In addition to the feedstock used in our existing first-generation facility, the new second-generation facility will be able to utilize a diverse supply of raw materials, such as crop straw (including wheat straw, corn straw, cotton straw and weed), agricultural biomass waste (including tree branches and tree leaves), as well as other organic waste. This feedstock flexibility affords us better input cost controls. The second-generation biodiesel that will be produced at our new facility is expected to meet Europe IV fuel standards and can be mixed with both diesel and first-generation biodiesel at any ratio. Furthermore, the second-generation production technology is expected to allow us to recycle bio-residual and water used in the production process, meeting our environmental goals while delivering further cost reductions. Our biodiesel can be blended with regular petro-diesel and used by existing diesel engines with no change in engine performance. As a result of the government’s support of bioenergy initiatives, Xi’an Baorun Industrial Development Co., Ltd. (Xi’an Baorun Industrial) has enjoyed exemption of the corporate income tax for all three business segments. Since the corporate income tax exemption expired after 2010, we have submitted an application to extend exemption of the corporate income tax to 2011 and are confident to obtain the approval. We are waiting for the official documentation of the 2011 corporate income tax exemption.
 
We also operate thirteen retail gas stations located in Xi’an City and other areas in Shaanxi Province.  Of the thirteen retail gas stations, we own three and lease ten. The average annual sales volume of each gas station is approximately 8,000 tons, equivalent to approximately 2.7 million gallons. In October 2010, we entered into a purchase agreement to acquire a retail gas station located in Shenmu County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, China (the “Shenmu gas station”). We acquired land use rights and gas station operating rights, and all of the assets of the Shenmu gas station for a total cash payment of approximately $9.2 million. The gas station distributes both gasoline and diesel, which may include blended biodiesel in the future. For fiscal year 2011, we estimate the Shenmu gas station will sell approximately 12,000 tons, or 4.1 million gallons, of fuel and generate approximately $12.3 million in revenues. The Shenmu gas station is located at a junction with access to both the Baotou-Maoming Expressway and the Yulin-Shenmu Highway and has 2.1 acres of property sufficient to add other services, such as a retail convenience store, in the future. With our distribution license and stable finished oil supply, we generate more stable and higher margins from our sale of finished oil at the retail gas stations than from our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business, since we sell directly to retail end customers. We plan to continue to expand our portfolio of retail gas stations through leasing or acquisitions. We are continuously looking for high-traffic locations within and outside of Xi’an City to add to our retail gas station portfolio.
 
We have experienced substantial growth in recent years. Our sales increased to $$438.7 million for year ended December 31, 2010 from $289.6 million in the same period of 2009, representing an increase of 26.6%. Our net income increased to $$53.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 from $37.9 million in the same period of 2009, representing an increase of 42.1%.
 
Our Strengths
 
The following competitive strengths have been the foundation of our strong performance, and we expect that they will facilitate our future growth:
 
Vertically integrated business model
 
We are a leading non-state-owned integrated energy company in China. In 2010, we distributed 335,900 tons of finished oil and heavy oil products, which made us a leading wholesale distributor of finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province. We have significant biodiesel production capacity and are the only non-state-owned integrated biodiesel producer with a distribution license in China. We began our retail gas station operations in early 2008 and now operate thirteen retail gas stations.
 
We believe our vertically integrated business model has the following benefits:
 
 
·
Our existing wholesale and retail distribution channels facilitate sale of our biodiesel without sacrificing margin to third-party distributors;
 
 
·
We have a stable source of supply at lower cost for the production of biodiesel, better profitability, and enhanced control of our supply chain; and
 
 
2

 
 
 
·
Blending biodiesel with petro-diesel gives us pricing flexibility and a competitive advantage to gain market share from traditional distributors.
 
Secured access to abundant, diversified, and low-cost raw materials for biodiesel production
 
We have access to a stable and diversified source of biodiesel raw materials. In addition to non-edible seed oil, we also use waste cooking oil and vegetable oil residue as raw material for the first-generation biodiesel production. We were awarded four patents for biodiesel production processes that enable us to use multiple sources of raw materials interchangeably. We have submitted eight additional patent applications, of which six have passed the preliminary examination and the other two have been accepted for review. We maintain a flexible procurement model in which we adjust the relative quantities of each type of raw material we purchase, depending on their respective purchase prices, to minimize our raw material costs. In 2010, non-edible seed oil, vegetable oil residue and waste cooking oil accounted for approximately 21.8%, 37.5% and 40.7% of our raw material costs relating to our first-generation biodiesel production in Tongchuan City, respectively.
 
We are strategically located in Shaanxi Province in the northwestern region of China, where the mountainous terrain and abundant sunlight are especially suitable for planting non-edible oil plants such as Chinese prickly ash, cornel and Chinese pistache. Shaanxi Province has one of the largest areas of cultivation of Chinese prickly ash in China. The local farmers in Shaanxi have planted 3.6 million mu, equivalent to 240,000 acres, of Chinese prickly ash and other non-edible oil plants which represents enough raw materials to produce over 430,000 tons of biodiesel. We have signed raw material purchasing contracts with local agriculture associations that organize local farmers to harvest and deliver the non-edible seed oil to us. The purchasing contracts obligate most of the associations to first offer to sell the feedstock to us. The Shaanxi Provincial Government plans to permit additional forestlands to be used solely for the planting of non-edible oil plants. We currently have secured access to non-edible seed oil for production of approximately 22,000 tons of biodiesel. We believe the abundant supply of feedstock currently available, in addition to the non-edible oil plants the government plans to permit farmers to cultivate, is sufficient for our current needs and will be sufficient for our increasing demands for raw materials after we increase our production capacity as planned.
 
We also have secured access to vegetable oil residue and waste cooking oil for production of approximately 78,000 tons of biodiesel through annual contracts with vegetable oil factories and waste cooking oil collecting centers.
 
We believe our biodiesel feedstock suppliers have a strong incentive to sell their products to us at competitive prices given that:
 
 
·
There are very few alternative uses of non-edible oil seeds, vegetable oil residue and waste cooking oil;
 
 
·
We are the only non-state-owned biodiesel producer with commercial scale in northwestern China; and
 
 
·
We provide our suppliers with a legitimate means to dispose of waste cooking oil and vegetable oil residue.
 
Established relationships with our suppliers and customers
 
We have been operating in the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business since 1999 and have established strong relationships with our suppliers and customers. We believe that we have been one of the leading non-state-owned distributors of finished oil and heavy oil in Shaanxi Province. Our largest supplier, Shaanxi Yanchang Group, is the fourth largest oil company in China with over 10 million tons of refinery capacity. We have a long-standing relationship with Shaanxi Yanchang Group, which includes establishing representative office with three oil refineries owned by Shaanxi Yanchang Group in Shaanxi Province.
 
We focus on customer satisfaction and believe that we have consistently delivered high quality products and services to our customers. We believe we have established our reputation among our customers and are able to maintain long-term relationships with our customers, as evidenced by our customer retention rate and the increasing number of new customers. The total number of customers in our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment has grown from 1,180 in 2009 to 1,213 in 2010. Our sales volume has also increased significantly over the past three years.
 
 
3

 
 
We believe that both our suppliers and customers prefer to work with us for the following reasons:
 
 
·
We are an established player with a large-scale operation and stable supply;
 
 
·
We have a strong financial position and provide flexibility in payment terms; and
 
 
·
We have a professional purchase and sales team, which are responsive to suppliers’ and customers’ needs.
 
Early mover advantages
 
We were one of the first non-state-owned enterprises to engage in the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province. During the past 11 years, we have gradually built up our operational infrastructure, including extensive distribution channels, four oil storage depots, and convenient access to strategic railway lines. We have also obtained relevant licenses to conduct our wholesale distribution business, which has become increasingly more difficult for new entrants in our industry to obtain.
 
We believe that being an early mover in this industry has provided us the following advantages:
 
 
·
Sales network.  We have sales offices in seven locations with 36 full-time salespersons covering 16 provinces and municipalities in China.
 
 
·
Storage capability.  We currently use four oil storage depots with total capacity of 59,000 m 3. We own one of the oil storage depots, lease one oil storage depot and have the rights to use two oil storage depots through oil storage service agreements.
 
 
·
Access to railway lines.  We benefit from convenient access to railway lines that we use to transport and distribute our oil products from Shaanxi Province to Yunnan Province, Guizhou Province and Sichuan Province. We believe that we are currently the only enterprise in Shaanxi Province that has such a capability.
 
 
·
Wholesale distribution license.   In June 2000, we were granted a wholesale distribution license to distribute finished oil products by the State Economic and Trade Commission. We are now one of the only four non-state-owned distributors that are licensed to distribute both finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province.
 
We believe that our wholesale distribution license and the operational infrastructure we have built help us to compete effectively and also form a barrier for any prospective new entrants into our industry.
 
Experienced management team with proven track record
 
We have an experienced management team led by Mr. Xincheng Gao, our chairman, chief executive officer and president. Mr. Gao has extensive experience in the research and marketing of oil products. In 1999, Mr. Gao founded Xi’an Baorun Industrial Development Co., Ltd. (Xi’an Baorun Industrial) to process and distribute finished oil and heavy oil products. Prior to founding Xi’an Baorun Industrial, Mr. Gao worked in the Oil and Chemicals Department of Shaanxi Province and Zhongtian Oil and Chemical Group, responsible for research and development and marketing. With Mr. Gao’s vision and leadership, we have grown from a traditional distributor of finished and heavy oil products to a leading non-state-owned integrated energy company. Our sales have grown from $289.6 million in 2009 to $$438.7 million in 2010, while net income has grown from $37.9 million to $$53.8 million over the same period.
 
 
4

 
 
Most of the members of our senior management team have worked together since 2005 and have an average of 10 years of experience in the oil business. We believe our management team’s in-depth market knowledge and strong track record in the oil market in China will enable us to take advantage of the anticipated growth in demand in the energy market.
 
Our Growth Strategies
 
Our key growth strategies include the following:
 
Continue to increase our biodiesel production capacity and improve control of the raw material supply
 
We have increased our biodiesel production capacity by 50,000 tons through construction of a new facility to supplement the demand for petro-diesel. We begun construction to increase capacity in the fourth quarter of 2009 and expect to complete the construction and testing in March 2011.  We have invested approximately $19 million in capital expenditures to accomplish this goal. In October 2010, we acquired Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd., a 50,000-ton biodiesel plant. The Chongqing biodiesel facility uses first generation biodiesel production technology, similar to the production process used in our current 100,000-ton production plant. Our expertise in biodiesel production and established distribution network should allow the Chongqing biodiesel facility to achieve gross margins of approximately 30%. We invested approximately $16.5 million in cash from cash on hand for the Chongqing biodiesel facility. We expect to benefit from the continued growth in overall energy consumption in China. We believe that we are one of the largest biodiesel producers in China based on production capacity at the end of 2010 and the only non-state-owned biodiesel producer with a distribution license. We continue to position ourselves as a leader in terms of capability, capacity and technology in this young biodiesel industry. Although we have secured abundant feedstock supply to support our current biodiesel production, we will continue to work with provincial and local agriculture administrations and environmental protection agencies for better cooperation and support for priority purchase of agricultural feedstock, waste cooking oil, and vegetable oil residue. We also will continue to work with leading universities and research institutes to develop alternative sources of feedstock to strengthen our supply chain and cost flexibility for biodiesel raw materials.
 
We are also in the process of negotiation to acquire a chemical production plant located in Hainan Province for the purpose of constructing a new 300,000 ton biodiesel production facility. We expect to complete such acquisition by the end of the first quarter of 2011 and the construction of the Phase I 200,000 ton biodiesel production facility is expected to be completed within eighteen months after the closing of the acquisition. We have historically been able to secure a sufficient supply of raw materials and we will continue to work towards securing more long-term sources of raw materials and to seek for new technology in the bio-energy field to improve production efficiency. We will continue pursuing strategic acquisition that will quickly provide financial benefits to us. Our mid-term goal is establish a strong technological platform in biodiesel production and significant capacity generating 40% of total revenue alone with the growth of two other business segments in five years.
 
Strengthen our relationship with key suppliers for finished oil and heavy oil and diversify our supply base
 
Stability of supply chain is one of the critical elements of a successful wholesale distributor of finished oil and heavy oil. We have had a long-term strong working relationship with Shaanxi Yanchang Group, our largest finished oil and heavy oil products supplier. We will also continue to maintain good relationships with other oil suppliers to ensure favorable pricing terms and a stable supply of oil products. In addition, we are also focused on exploring opportunities with new suppliers with significant oil resources and better pricing in different regions to diversify our supply chain and enhance our sales margin. We have found new vendors in Shandong and Xinjian Provinces to support our customers in those regions.
 
Expand our wholesale and retail distribution network through both organic growth and potential acquisitions
 
With stable and abundant oil supply, we will continue to expand our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products by increasing the number of our regional sales offices and sales staff in various territories to develop new markets and a wider customer base. We will also continue penetrating existing territories to develop new customers and meet increased demand from our existing customers as their businesses grow. In January 2011, one of our customers signed annual purchase contract increasing 2011 demand for its finished oil products by 25% from the prior year. On December 29, 2010, we also signed a letter of intent forming a partnership with Chongqing FendDou Keyu Trade Co. Ltd, a marine distributor, to provide petroleum products to marine vessels. We expect that this partnership will provide us a new distribution business in marine distribution. We will continue scouting high traffic locations to expand our portfolio of retail gas stations to create additional sales and higher profitability for our overall distribution channels. We foresee industry consolidation and believe that we are well-positioned to benefit from such market trends. We are in the position to acquire distressed competitors with working capital difficulties, if and when opportunities are presented.
 
 
5

 
 
Continue application process to obtain oil import/export license
 
In 2008, we submitted an application for an oil import/export license. The approval process for this license is lengthy. We will continue working with the governmental agencies to obtain the license to broaden our business scope.
 
Enhance R&D efforts to improve biodiesel production technology and efficiency
 
We will continue investing resources and working closely with leading universities and research and development institutes that specialize in agricultural research to develop new technologies for more efficient and cost-effective biodiesel production. We will also continue to search for alternative feedstock to enhance the availability of raw materials and reduce costs of feedstock for biodiesel production.
 
Material Risks
 
We believe the following are the major risks that may materially affect us:
 
 
·
We rely on a limited number of third party suppliers for our supply of finished oil and heavy oil products and the loss of any such supplier, particularly our largest supplier, could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
 
 
·
We are highly dependent on the revenue contribution from our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment. A reduction in sales from this segment would cause our revenues to decline and materially harm our business.
 
 
·
Our ability to operate at a profit is partially dependent on market prices for petroleum and biodiesel fuels, which are subject to government control in the PRC. If petroleum and biodiesel prices drop significantly, we may be unable to maintain our current profitability.
 
 
·
In the past we have derived a significant portion of our sales from a few large customers. If we were to lose any of such customers, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
·
Our legal right to lease certain properties or accept storage services from third parties could be challenged by property owners, regulatory authorities or other third parties, which could prevent us from continuing to utilize our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility and retail gas stations, which are located on such leased properties, or could increase the costs associated with utilizing those facilities.
 
 
·
The current economic and credit environment could have an adverse effect on demand for certain of our products and services, which would in turn have a negative impact on our results of operations, our cash flows, our financial condition, our ability to borrow and our stock price.
 
 
·
The distribution of finished oil is primarily dependent on the sufficiency of necessary infrastructure and access to means of transport, including rail transportation, which may not be available on a cost-effective basis, if at all.
 
 
6

 
 
For a more detailed discussion of these and other risks that we face, please see “Risk Factors” on page 24 and other information included in this Annual Report.
 
Business Segments
 
Wholesale Distribution of Finished Oil and Heavy Oil Products
 
Oil supply
 
We sell on a wholesale basis a variety of oil products including gasoline, diesel, heavy oil and naphtha. Gasoline and diesel represent the majority of oil products consumed in China. Automobiles are the most important driver of gasoline consumption in China. Diesel is mainly used in vehicles and agricultural machines with diesel engines. Heavy oil is broadly used as fuel for ship boilers, heating furnaces, metallurgical furnaces and other industrial furnaces. Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products accounted for approximately 62.3% of our total sales in 2010 and approximately 67.6% of our total sales in 2009.
 
Based on volume, we purchased approximately 49.9%of our gasoline and diesel oil products from our top five suppliers in 2010. During 2010, based on cost, we purchased approximately 20.3%  (compared to 30.8% in 2009) of our gasoline and diesel oil products from Shaanxi Yanchang Group, with whom we have had a strong relationship since establishing Xi’an Baorun Industrial, which included establishing supply and purchasing stations with three oil refineries that are owned by Shaanxi Yanchang Group in Shaanxi Province. While we depend on Shaanxi Yanchang Group for the majority of our gasoline and oil supply needs, we are actively seeking other sources of oil supply and believe that we can find alternative suppliers with comparable terms within a reasonable amount of time without any significant disruption in our operations.
 
Storage
 
We use four oil storage depots, which in the aggregate have the capacity to store approximately 59,000 m 3 of oil products. We constructed one oil storage depot located within our biodiesel production facility in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province, lease one oil storage depot in Tongchuan City and have the rights to use two state-owned oil storage depots located in Xi’an City and Weinan City, Shaanxi Province through oil storage service agreements. The terms of the lease agreement and the oil storage service agreements range from two years to eight years and these agreements are renewable. Average annual rental and service expense of each oil storage depot is approximately RMB 0.7 million ($0.1 million). Two of the state-owned depots are located on railways that provide us convenient access for distributing our products. We also have access to a 2.65-kilometer railway track connecting the oil storage depots located within our biodiesel production facility to the main railway in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province.
 
Sales and Marketing

We developed a stable sales network for our products in 16 provinces and municipalities of China covering Shaanxi Province, Henan Province, Hebei Province, Shandong Province, Shanxi Province, Hunan Province, Hubei Province, Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Fujian Province, Xinjiang Province, Beijing, Guangxi Province, Gansu Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.. We now employ 36 full-time salespersons in sales offices located in Chengdu City, Yingbuo City in Shandong Province and the cities of Yanglian, Lingtong, Shangqiao, Chengxiang, and Yongpin in Shaanxi Province. As our business expands, we intend to further expand our sales network and develop more sales channels. For our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment, we plan to increase our distribution to an additional two provinces in the next 18 months, adding additional salespersons and establishing more regional sales offices. We plan to increase our sales volume through increasing our distribution footprint and further penetrating existing customers and business territories.
 
Customers
 
We currently sell our finished oil and heavy oil products to regional distributors in China that supply to industrial customers, retail service stations. We also provide finished oil products to our retail gas stations to directly sell to end users. We have adopted different terms for payment based upon the financial strength of the customer. For example, we have entered into agreements with PetroChina, SINOPEC, and other state-owned enterprises whereby we deliver products to agreed-upon locations and these customers agree to pay us after delivery. However, we require partial pre-payment in advance and cash on delivery from our customers that operate distributorships or own and operate private gas stations. These customers typically pay 10% to 15% of the total purchase price of the products to be delivered in advance, and when delivery takes place, they pay the remaining amounts owed. In 2010 and 2009, there was one customer that accounted for 25% or more of our sales. We did not experience any uncollectible accounts receivable or bad debt write-offs over the past three years.
 
 
7

 
 
For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, our top five customers purchased approximately $113.2 million and $167.0 million of our products, representing approximately 39.1% and 38.1% of our sales during the period, respectively. China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation Chuanyu Trading Co., Ltd., our largest customer, accounted for approximately 25.4% and 26.6%of our sales in 2010 and 2009, respectively.
 
Competition
 
We are one of the only four non-state-owned enterprises licensed to distribute both finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province. Although barriers to entry in our industry are high due to stringent licensing requirements and the need for significant storage capacity for products, we face competition from companies located in other provinces and within Shaanxi Province that also engage in the wholesale distribution of finished and heavy oils. Such companies may have greater financial resources, sales resources, storage capacity and transportation capacity than we do, and may have exclusive supply and purchase arrangements with suppliers as a result of long-term relationships.
 
In addition to SINOPEC and PetroChina, we estimate that we have approximately ten major non-state-owned competitors in Shaanxi Province that also distribute finished oil products similar to ours, including Shaanxi Dongda Petro-Chemical Co., Ltd., Shaanxi Dayun Petrochemical Material Co., Ltd. and Baoji Huahai Industry Corp.
 
We believe we have the following advantages over our competitors in this market:
 
 
·
Oil wholesale distribution license. In June 2000, we were granted a wholesale distribution license to distribute finished oil products by the State Economic and Trade Commission. We are now one of the only four non-state-owned distributors that are licensed to distribute both finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province.
 
 
·
Supply advantage. Shaanxi Yanchang Group, one of the four largest qualified crude oil and gas exploration enterprises in China, is our largest oil supplier. In Shaanxi Province, we are one of the only few entities that have established supplying and purchasing stations with Shaanxi Yanchang Group.
 
 
·
Railway access. We benefit from convenient access to a railway line in Shaanxi Province to distribute our oil products. We believe we are currently the only enterprise in Shaanxi Province that has railway access to distribute oil products directly to Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces.
 
 
·
Storage capability. We have an aggregate oil depot storage capacity of 59,000 m 3. Aside from the need for strong funding support, new entrants to this industry must also have significant storage capacity to be able to compete, which is a barrier to entry for new competitors.
 
Production and Sale of Biodiesel
 
Production
 
In 2006, we built a 10,000 square meter biodiesel production facility with annual design capacity of 100,000 tons. We commenced production at this facility in October 2007. The production of biodiesel is achieved through the effective performance of all equipment necessary for production. Initial production in 2008 required adjustments to equipment and a full debugging process. Our achievable utilization rate, after taking into account required periodic maintenance, is 90%. We have increased our biodiesel production capacity by 50,000 tons through construction of a new facility to supplement the demand for petro-diesel. We begun construction to increase capacity in the fourth quarter of 2009 and expect to complete the construction and testing in March 2011.  We have invested approximately $19 million in capital expenditures to accomplish this goal. In October 2010, we entered into a purchase agreement to acquire Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd., (“Chongqing Tianrun”) a 50,000-ton biodiesel plant. The Chongqing biodiesel facility uses first generation biodiesel production technology, similar to the production process used in our current 100,000-ton production plant. Our expertise in biodiesel production and established distribution network may enable the Chongqing biodiesel facility to achieve gross margins of approximately 30%.
 
 
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In October 2010, we acquired 100% equity interests in Chongqing Tianrun of  that most significant assets consist of a 50,000-ton biodiesel production plant, for a cash consideration of approximately $16.5 million. The acquisition cost was paid from our available cash. At beginning of 2009, the former owners of Chongqing Tianrun approached Mr. Gao, Chairman and CEO, to express the intention to sell the entire equity interests of the company. After a preliminary due diligence performed on Chongqing Tianrun, we determined that we would acquire Chongqing Tianrun only after its former owners expanded production capacity of the facility to 50,000 tons. To secure this acquisition opportunity and to demonstrate our intent to follow through with the acquisition, Mr. Gao agreed to deposit RMB10.5 million ($1.6 million) of his personal funds with the former owners as a good faith demonstration of his intent that we would consummate the acquisition if the expansion was done.  Mr. Gao received 51% equity interests of Chongqing Tianrun in return as a security of his deposit. Upon completion of the facility expansion, the entire cash amount used for security deposit was returned and the 51% equity interests were rescinded in September 2009, before we acquired the biodiesel facility in October 2010. We believe that we can achieve synergies and cost reduction from this acquisition. Chongqing Tianrun is subject to a 25% corporate income tax rate.
 
We are also in the process of negotiation to acquire a chemical production plant located in Hainan Province for the purpose of constructing a new 300,000 ton biodiesel production facility. We expect to complete such acquisition by the end of the first quarter of 2011 and the construction of the Phase I 200,000 ton biodiesel production facility is expected to be completed within eighteen months after the closing of the acquisition. We have historically been able to secure a sufficient supply of raw materials and we will continue to work towards securing more long-term sources of raw materials and to seek for new technology in the bio-energy field to improve production efficiency. We will continue pursuing strategic acquisition that will quickly provide financial benefits to us. Our mid-term goal is establish a strong technological platform in biodiesel production and significant capacity generating 40% of total revenue alone with the growth of two other business segments in five years.
 
Raw Material Supply
 
Shaanxi Province is one of the largest cultivators of Chinese prickly ash, an oil plant, in China. Together, the local farmers in Shaanxi Province have planted approximately 2,560,000 mu (equivalent to 173,000 acres) of Chinese prickly ash, 850,000 mu (equivalent to 57,000 acres) of cornel and 150,000 mu (equivalent to 10,000 acres) of Chinese pistache. Even though we could satisfy all of our current feedstock demands solely with Chinese prickly ash, we diversify our feedstock supply with other oil plants, waste cooking oil and vegetable oil residue, because the costs of these raw materials are lower than Chinese prickly ash. There is also significant acreage of wild oil plants that grow throughout Shaanxi Province. However, because the feedstock available from the local associations currently satisfies our supply demands, we do not rely on any supplies of wild oil plants for our production needs. We believe that the abundant supply of feedstock currently available in Shaanxi Province is sufficient for our current needs and will be sufficient for our expanded demands for raw material once we expand our biodiesel production facility or acquire a new facility.
 
We have established cooperation relationships with two pre-processing factories that are affiliated with local agricultural associations for oil extraction from non-edible oil seeds or oil plant seeds. The purchasing contracts obligate the pre-processing factories to first offer to sell the feedstock to us. If the supply of feedstock is greater than our demand, they can then sell any remaining feedstock to other companies. We have access to a range of biodiesel raw materials. Besides non-edible seed oil, we can also use waste cooking oil and vegetable oil residue as raw material for the first generation of biodiesel production.
 
In addition to the feedstock used in our existing first-generation facility, the new second-generation facility will be able to utilize a diverse supply of raw materials, such as crop straw (including wheat straw, corn straw, cotton straw and weed), agricultural biomass waste (including tree branches and tree leaves), as well as other organic waste. This feedstock flexibility affords us better input cost controls.
 
 
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Sales and Marketing
 
We continue to leverage our distribution infrastructure to sell our biodiesel to existing customers and to acquire new customers. The main advantages of biodiesel over petro-diesel are pricing, efficiency, safety (due to a higher flash point) and the fact that biodiesel is environmentally friendly. Our targeted markets are power plants, marine transportation companies, seaport operations and other industrial customers which consume large volumes of diesel fuel.
 
Customers
 
We primarily target oil product trading companies in China (i.e., sales subsidiaries of SINOPEC and PetroChina) and end users (i.e., gas stations, electric power companies and shipping companies) as our customers. Approximately 20% of the biodiesel we produce is blended with petro-diesel and sold to next tier oil distributors and gas stations. The remaining 80% is sold to power plants and marine transportation companies. We do not believe that our sales are affected by seasonality.
 
Competition
 
Currently, we are the only non-state owned biodiesel producer with a distribution license in China. We may face significant competition from current and future companies that intend to compete in the biodiesel market. In the area of biodiesel fuel production, we are not aware of the existence of any significant competitors in Shaanxi Province. However, we face competition from companies in other geographic areas in China and foreign competitors that export their biodiesel to China.
 
We believe that we have the following advantages over our competitors in this market:
 
 
·
Stable supply of feedstock.  We have a stable source of various types of feedstock for biodiesel production, such as Chinese pistache and Chinese prickly ash. Some local agricultural associations have agreed to first offer their feedstock to us. We have also entered into agreements with four Xi’an City EPA-designated waste cooking oil processing companies to secure needed waste cooking oil at favorable prices.
 
 
·
Production capacity.  We estimate that the production output of biodiesel in China will be approximately 800,000 tons in 2010, based on the source of China Biodiesel Industry Investment Value Report 2008, China Venture. Gushan Environmental Energy and our company are currently the only two companies in China with annual production capacity of at least 100,000 tons. We are currently constructing a new 50,000 ton biodiesel production facility adjacent to our existing 100,000 ton biodiesel production plant located in Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province and we except such construction to be completed and tested in March 2011. In October 2010, we acquired Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd., a 50,000-ton biodiesel plant. The Chongqing biodiesel facility uses first generation biodiesel production technology, similar to the production process used in our current 100,000-ton production plant. We will double our biodiesel production capacity from 100,000 tons to 200,000 tons in 2011. We are also in the process of negotiation to acquire a chemical production plant located in Hainan Province for the purpose of constructing a new 300,000 ton biodiesel production facility. We expect to complete such acquisition by the end of the first quarter of 2011 and the construction of the Phase I 200,000 ton biodiesel production facility is expected to be completed within eighteen months after the closing of the acquisition.
 
 
·
Stable distribution channels.  We have established sales networks and channels and strong industrial relationships with our customers. Under the Measures on the Administration of the Finished Oil Market , only companies that obtain a Finished Oil Wholesale Distribution License are permitted to distribute biodiesel on a wholesale basis. Because Xi’an Baorun Industrial has a Finished Oil Wholesale Distribution License, we are able to produce and distribute biodiesel on a wholesale basis while other biodiesel producers must rely on distributors that have obtained Finished Oil Wholesale Distribution Licenses to distribute their products. Since biodiesel and petro-diesel share the same market, we can distribute our biodiesel through our existing distribution channels to reduce costs.
 
 
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Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
We sell all grades of gasoline and diesel at our thirteen retail gas stations. Our customers include automobile, bus and truck drivers. Our competitors are other privately owned and state-owned gas stations. Our advantages are that (i) as a well-established finished oil distributor, we have a stable and sufficient oil supply to support our retail gas station operations at a higher margin; (ii) we sell blended diesel with a blending ratio of 15.0% of biodiesel and 85.0% of petro-diesel to end customers at the same price as petro-diesel, which provides us with additional profitability from our retail gas station operations, and (iii) we maintain competitive pricing to attract customers. We will seek to continue to expand our retail gas station portfolio. Recently Exxon/Mobil and Shell Corporation have partnered with state-owned petroleum companies and one of our petroleum suppliers to aggressively acquire and expand retail gas station market. As a result of intense completion in acquiring private owned gas stations, the cost of acquiring or leasing gas station has significantly escalated. Advanced lease payment for the entire lease term is often required and necessary to secure a long term lease of a gas station.
 
Other Business Information
 
Research and Development
 
 
·
On December 18, 2005, we entered into an agreement with Xi’an Petroleum University for the technology transfer of operating processes for blending finished oil products, related chemical formula and related composition. The contract is valid for ten years.
 
 
·
On February 20, 2006, we entered into an agreement with Xi’an Petroleum University for research and development of biodiesel production. We own the patent for any biodiesel production technology that results from this arrangement.
 
 
·
On September 4, 2006, we entered into an agreement with Beijing Qingda Kema Technology Co., Ltd. for research and development of biodiesel production processes, chemical composition of catalyst, and transfer of technical know-how to us.
 
 
·
On January 4, 2007, we entered into an agreement with Northwest A & F University for research and development and technical assistance for improvement of processing raw materials, including waste cooking oil, non-edible seed oil and cooking oil residue, for biodiesel production.
 
We own four utility model patents and have submitted seven other patent applications, of which five invention patent applications have passed preliminary examination and two utility model patent applications have been accepted for review. In practice, we propose the subject matter to be researched and pursuant to these agreements we entrust our research and development partners to perform the research and analysis and provide advanced technology services. We incurred insignificant amount in research and development expenditures for 2009 and 2010. We continue working with well-known universities and colleges and research centers to enhance current biodiesel production processes and develop next generation of biodiesel production technologies.
 
Intellectual Property
 
Our core technologies consist of: (i) know-how technologies to improve the quality of finished oil and heavy oil products, and (ii) three utility model patents related to biodiesel production. We do not have patent protection for our know-how technologies and our eight patent applications are pending approval from the SIPO.
 
Between 2006 and 2010, we filed the following 11 patent applications listed below with the SIPO, all of which are related to our biodiesel production. The SIPO has approved the first four applications for utility model patents, allowed the next five invention patent applications to pass preliminary examination and accepted the remaining two utility model patent applications for review.
 
 
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·
Application No. 200820221671.0 for a new gas-liquid distributor of material filling tower
 
 
·
Application No. 200620137855.X for a new reaction vessel for preparing biodiesel and composite diesel
 
 
·
Application No. 200620137854.5 for a new reaction equipment for preparing biodiesel
 
 
·
Application No. 200610152508.9 for a biodiesel processing technique
 
 
·
Application No. 200610152506.X for a new composite catalyst for preparing biodiesel
 
 
·
Application No. 200610152507.4 for a new technology for processing biodiesel with catalyst or splitting decomposition in liquid or gas face
 
 
·
Application No. 200810017853.0 for a new technique for disposing biodiesel esterification reaction equipment with inert metal lead
 
 
·
Application No. 200810017849.4 for a new method for preparing biodiesel with supercritical technology
 
 
·
Application No. 20081001784.8 for a new technique for producing biodiesel and its byproducts with molecular distillation
 
 
·
Application No. 200820028705.4 for an anti-corrosion device for biodiesel esterification reaction
 
 
·
Application No. 200820221682.9 for a new kind of material filling tower.
 
We have patent protection for each of our utility model patents for a period of ten years from the date of filing. If our invention patents are approved, they will be valid for a period of 20 years from the date of filing. Upon expiration, the renewal process requires us to re-apply for patent protection.
 
We developed technologies for the production of biodiesel jointly with the Xi’an Petroleum University and Northwest A & F University. We developed our proprietary technology for the production of biodiesel jointly with Beijing Qingda Kema Technology Co., Ltd. and we were permitted to use this technology under a contract dated September 4, 2006. We have the right to use the oil mixing technology developed by Xi’an Petroleum University for ten years under a contract entered into on December 18, 2005.
 
Insurance
 
We maintain property insurance for some of our premises and accidental liability insurance. We do not have any business liability, interruption or litigation insurance coverage for our operations in China. Although it is available, insurance companies in China offer limited business insurance products. We have determined that the risks of interruption, cost of such insurance and the difficulties associated with acquiring such insurance on commercially reasonable terms make it impractical for us to purchase such insurance. Therefore, we are subject to business and product liability exposure. Business or product liability claims or potential regulatory actions could materially and adversely affect our business and financial condition. We maintain director and officer liability insurance for our directors and executive officers.
 
 
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Environmental Matters
 
We believe that we are in compliance with present environmental protection requirements in all material respects. Our production processes generate noise, waste water, gaseous wastes and other industrial wastes. We have installed various types of anti-pollution equipment in our facilities to reduce, treat, and where feasible, recycle the wastes generated in our production process. Our operations are subject to regulation and periodic monitoring by local environmental protection authorities.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2010, we had 402 full-time employees. Among them, 83 of our employees worked at our Xi’an headquarters; 82  at our biodiesel production facility in Chongqing City ;71  at our biodiesel production facility in Tongchuan City; 41 at our oil storage depots and 125 at our retail gas stations. We believe we have good relationships with our employees.
 
Legal Proceedings
 
We may be subject to legal proceedings, investigations and claims incidental to the conduct of our business from time to time. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings. We are also not aware of any legal proceeding, investigation or claim, or other legal exposure that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
 
 
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Industry and Market Overview
 
China Oil Markets
 
Industry Overview
 
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, China’s crude oil proven reserves stood at approximately 20.4 billion barrels as of January 2010. Despite its abundant oil resources, the country faces a huge imbalance between oil supply and demand among its different regions. China’s major oilfields are mostly located in the northeastern and northwestern regions, which together supply nearly 50.0% but consume only 20.0% of China’s finished oil. While the northeastern and northwestern areas have a surplus of refined oil products, the eastern and south-central regions, where 60.0% of China’s finished oil products are consumed, are in shortage of finished oil products, and the southwest region relies on supplies from other parts of the country. As a result, transportation of finished oil products in China is characterized by the “North to South” and “West to East” patterns.
 
In the first half of 2010, China produced 1.5 billion barrels of crude oil annually and became the world’s fifth largest oil producer. China’s three state-owned enterprises, namely SINOPEC, PetroChina, CNOOC, and a provincially owned enterprise, Shaanxi Yanchang Group, held 98.3% of China’s crude oil proven reserves and 86.8% of China’s refinery capacity.. CNOOC is primarily engaged in the offshore exploration and production of crude oil and sells its products to refineries for downstream processing. SINOPEC and PetroChina are fully integrated energy companies engaged in exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, refining of crude oil, and marketing and distribution of refined petroleum products. Most of the crude oil refined by SINOPEC and PetroChina is distributed and sold through their self-owned or franchised gas stations while the remainder is sold to third-party distributors to achieve greater sales coverage. Shaanxi Yanchang Group engages in the exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas and refining of crude oil. It relies on third-party distributors like us to market and distribute refined petroleum products. The table below sets forth certain operational information of SINOPEC, PetroChina, CNOOC and Shaanxi Yanchang Group in 2009.
 
   
SINOPEC(1)
   
Petro
China (2)
   
CNOOC (3)
   
Shaanxi
Yanchang
Group(4)
   
China Total
 
Crude oil proven reserves (million barrels)
    2,820       11,263       1,670       2,520       24,000 (5)
Refinery throughputs (million tons per year)
    183       125       32       12       341 (6)
Number of service stations
    29,698       17,262    
None
      50       95,740 (7)
Refined products sold (million tons)
    124       89       19       11       207 (1)
 
Source:
 
(1)           SINOPEC 2009 Annual Report
 
(2)           PetroChina 2009 Annual Report
 
(3)           CNOOC 2009 Annual Report
 
(4)           Shaanxi Yanchang Group Corporate Website
 
(5)           United States Energy Information Administration
 
 
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(6)           BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009 Report
 
(7)           MOFCOM
 
Shaanxi Province, where our company is located, is in proximity to the Changqing oilfield, one of China’s largest oil and gas reserves, and to the southwestern region of China, where there is a significant shortage of finished oil products. Capitalizing on the Changqing oilfield’s abundant crude oil resources, SINOPEC, PetroChina and Shaanxi Yanchang Group have built refineries for an aggregate annual capacity of approximately 18.5 million tons in Shaanxi Province.
 
Increasing Shortage of Crude Oil in China and New Pricing Regime to Counter Refined Oil Shortage
 
Rapid economic development in China has resulted in increased energy demand. The demand for crude oil in China has exceeded the supply, which has caused China to become increasingly dependent on imported oil. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, China’s demand for crude oil surged from 1.77 million barrels/day in 1980 to 8.3 million barrels/day in 2009, while the supply of crude oil increased from 2.11 million barrels/day to only 4 million barrels/day during the same period. During 2001 to 2009, China’s demand for gasoline and diesel also grew at a compounded annual growth rate of 8.4% and 9.2%, respectively.
 
For the past nine years, China’s refined oil market has been operating as a managed market-based system. China has kept retail prices of finished oil products fixed to protect consumers against rising costs while most Western countries have allowed prices to be set by market supply and demand. The fixed-price system often leads to fuel shortages as the profits of domestic oil refineries are squeezed when the cost of crude oil rises but the selling prices of refined oil products are fixed. Effective as of January 1, 2009, the NDRC implemented a new pricing regime for refined oil products, aimed to link domestic oil prices more closely to changes in the global crude oil prices in a controlled manner. Under this pricing regime, the domestic selling price of refined oil products are determined on the basis of the corresponding international crude oil prices and by taking into consideration the average domestic processing costs, taxes, selling expenses and an appropriate profit margin. There were eight pricing adjustments in 2009 and four pricing adjustments in 2010. The last pricing adjustment was effective February 20, 2011.

 
Source:CEIC

 
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China’s Retail Gas Stations
 
With China’s rapid economic development, continuous improvement in transportation infrastructure and rapid increase in motor vehicle ownership, the number of gas stations in China has been increasing. There were merely 3,600 gas stations in the mid 1980s, but the number of gas stations grew to 5,000 in the 1990s, and reached 67,609 by the end of 2000. The following chart sets forth the total number of gas stations from 2000 to 2008:

 
Source:
 
(1)           Analysis of Investment Opportunities and Prospects in China’s Gas Station Industry, 2009 – 2012
 
(2)           MOFCOM
 
 
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At the end of 2008, state-owned gas stations accounted for 53.3% of the total number of gas stations in China, while non-state-owned gas stations accounted for 46.7% and foreign-invested stations accounted for 2.0%.
 
China’s Biodiesel Market
 
Biodiesel
 
Biodiesel is a cleaner-burning and renewable fuel produced from animal fats, vegetable oil, and waste cooking oil. The chemical properties of biodiesel are very similar to those of petro-diesel, and biodiesel has the potential for replacing petro-diesel in many applications. Biodiesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification, which separates the glycerin from the fat or vegetable oil. The process generates two products — methyl esters (the chemical name for biodiesel) and glycerin (a byproduct with value for use in soaps and other products).
 
Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any ratio with petro-diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modification. Biodiesel provides a number of benefits compared to diesel, including:
 
 
·
No sulfur dioxide emission, a major component of acid rain, and emits less carbon dioxide than traditional diesel;
 
 
·
Reduction of smoke particulates;
 
 
·
Biodegradable and breaks down as fast as sugar;
 
 
·
Better lubrication which reduces engine wear;
 
 
·
Safer to use, handle and store due to its high flash point; and
 
 
·
Produced from renewable energy sources.
 
Favorable Market Dynamics Support Long-Term Growth
 
In response to the rise in global oil prices, global warming and other environmental awareness issues, the PRC government has begun to encourage renewable energy consumption and has implemented various policies to support the production of biodiesel. The PRC government plans to increase its consumption of biofuel, of which two million tons are estimated to be biodiesel, and its proportion of renewable energy consumption to approximately 15.0% of China’s total energy consumption in 2020 from approximately 7.5% in 2005. In 2010, the China government also targeted reducing carbon dioxide emission per unit of GDP by 40% - 45% by 2020.
 
Biodiesel is classified as an “encouraged industry” by the NDRC. Businesses engaged in biodiesel production are entitled to receive certain benefits and incentives extended by the government, such as grants and interest-free loans.
 
However, China’s biodiesel industry is still underdeveloped, which we believe provides opportunities for us in this market. The following table sets forth the production volume of biodiesel in China from 2005 through 2007 and forecasts for 2008 through 2010.
 
 
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Source: China Biodiesel Industry Investment Value Report 2008, China Venture
 
In February 2005, China enacted the Renewable Energy Law , which aims to promote the development and utilization of renewable energy, improve the energy structure, diversify energy supplies, safeguard energy security, protect the environment and realize sustainable development of the economy and society. This legislation states that fuel retail businesses must begin to include “biological liquid fuel” in their sales or they will be subject to fines as China is seeking to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels in its diesel transportation vehicles. In the twelfth five year economic plan, Chinese government also promotes renewable energy industries including bio-fuel industry to reduce dependency of import of crude oil from abroad and improve environmental preservation. As a result of promotion of alternative energy, the China government encourages a B-5 standard blending 5% of biodiesel with 98% of petro-diesel for transportation fuel in February 2011.
 
Governmental Regulation
 
Finished Oil and Heavy Oil Distribution
 
We have been engaging in the wholesale distribution of finished and heavy oil business in the PRC since 2000. Prior to 2006, significant gaps existed in the laws and regulations on finished oil markets, and the relevant rules for this industry were, to some extent, inconsistent and subject to the discretion of the relevant government authorities.
 
In 2006, greater specificity was added to the rules for commercial activities in the finished oil market with the enactment of the Measures on the Administration of the Finished Oil Market (promulgated on December 4, 2006 by the Ministry of Commerce of the people’s Republic of China (MOFCOM) and effective as of January 1, 2007), or the Measures. This regulation provides comprehensive details on the finished oil wholesale and resale application procedures, qualification requirements, and rules for annual inspections. Enterprises (foreign or domestic-funded) meeting certain requirements can submit applications to the MOFCOM for a certificate of approval to conduct gasoline and diesel (including biodiesel) wholesale, retail and storage businesses.
 
The first step required in applying to engage in the wholesale of finished oil is a preliminary examination by the provincial MOFCOM where the enterprise is located. Thereafter, the provincial MOFCOM will forward the application materials together with its opinions on the preliminary examination to the MOFCOM, which will then decide on whether to grant the Certificate of Approval for the Wholesale of Finished Oil.
 
An enterprise applying to engage in the finished oil wholesale business must, among other requirements, possess the following:
 
 
(i)
long-term and stable supply of finished oil;
 
 
(ii)
a legal entity with a registered capital of no less than RMB 30 million;
 
 
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(iii)
a finished oil depot, which shall have a capacity not smaller than 10,000 m 3 , conforming to the local urban and rural planning requirements, and be approved by other relevant administrative departments; and
 
 
(iv)
facilities for unloading finished oil such as conduit pipes, special railway lines, and transportation vehicles with a capacity of 10,000 tons or more to transport refined oil on the highway or over water to ports.
 
In practice, it has become increasingly difficult for enterprises (particularly foreign-funded enterprises) to meet the requirement (iii) above. As both the number of available oil depots and state land and resources are reaching full capacity, it is more of a challenge to obtain a finished oil depot with a capacity not smaller than 10,000 m 3 .
 
The application procedure for the retail of finished oil is similar to that for wholesale except that the preliminary examination takes place at the administrative department for commerce at the municipal level, and the certificate of approval is issued at the provincial level.
 
An enterprise applying to engage in the finished oil retail business must, among other requirements, possess the following:
 
 
(i)
long-term and stable channels to finished oil supply and a supply agreement with an enterprise that has been qualified to engage in the wholesale business of finished oil for a period of three years or more in line with its business scale;
 
 
(ii)
qualified professional and technical personnel to handle inspections, metrology, storage and fire safety and the safe production of finished oil; and
 
 
(iii)
gas stations designed and built to comply with the relevant national standards and approved by the relevant administrative department.
 
Xi’an Baorun Industrial has the certificates of approval for both the wholesale and retail of finished oil, including for the retail of finished oil at each of its thirteen retail gas stations. As such, we do not have to rely on other companies to distribute the biodiesel fuel that we produce.
 
Enterprises possessing certificates of approval are subject to annual inspection by the relevant provincial MOFCOM which will review:
 
 
(i)
the execution and performance of finished oil supply agreements;
 
 
(ii)
the operation results of the enterprise for the previous year;
 
 
(iii)
whether the enterprise and its supporting facilities are in compliance with the technical requirements under the Measures; and
 
 
(iv)
the current measures, among other measures, being taken by the enterprise regarding quality control, metrology, fire safety, security and environmental protection.
 
If we pass the annual inspection, the certificates of approval we hold will continue to be valid. An enterprise failing an annual inspection will be ordered to rectify all deficiencies within a certain time limit by the MOFCOM and/or its provincial branches. If such deficiencies have not been rectified within the specified time limit, its certificates of approval shall be revoked by the original issuing authority.
 
Pricing for Finished Oil
 
The NDRC regulates domestic oil prices as part of its macro-management over the economy in order to control dramatic fluctuations in oil prices.
 
 
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The Administrative Measures on Oil Prices ( trial implementation ) promulgated by the NDRC on May 7, 2009 stipulates that the NDRC will adjust domestic finished oil prices when the international market price for crude oil changes more than four percent over 22 consecutive working days. By contrast, crude oil prices are determined solely by enterprises engaging in this industry.
 
The NDRC adjusts domestic finished oil prices by modifying the retail price cap for gasoline and diesel in all provinces, autonomous regions, and directly administered municipalities. Thereafter, the administrative authorities at the provincial level adjust the wholesale price caps by deducting RMB 30 per ton from the corresponding retail price caps. Where there are no specific contractual arrangements for a supplier’s delivery to a retailer, the wholesale price caps may be further deducted to take into account the retailer’s transportation cost among other expenses.
 
The Administrative Measures on Oil Prices stipulates that the domestic finished oil prices shall be calculated according to the normal profit rate for refiners when the crude oil price on the international market is lower than $80 per barrel. When the international crude oil market price exceeds $130 per barrel, the NDRC will adopt certain fiscal and tax policies to ensure the continuing production and supply of refined oil products. Further, gasoline and diesel prices will only be increased slightly (if at all) in consideration of manufacturers and consumers, as well as the stability of the national economy.
 
The exact formula for calculating finished oil prices domestically has not been published. However, the NDRC has stated that such formula is based on the weighted average of the international market prices, together with the average domestic processing costs, taxes, fees incurred in distribution channels, and suitable profits for refiners. Moreover, the NDRC adjusts the cost index seasonally in accordance with the actual situation with respect to prices.
 
Biodiesel
 
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress promulgated the Renewable Energy Law on February 28, 2005, which took effect as of January 1, 2006. The purpose of this law is to facilitate the development and utilization of renewable energy, including biological liquid fuel and energy crops. Under Article 16, oil-selling enterprises shall include biological liquid fuel conforming to the national standards into their fuel-selling systems, in accordance with the regulations of the energy authorities at the national or provincial level. An oil-selling enterprise that fails to include biological liquid fuel into their fuel-selling systems in accordance with the national standards will be liable for any resulting losses to a biological liquid fuel production enterprise. Further, the energy authorities at the national or provincial level shall order such oil-selling enterprise to rectify the non-conformance within a stipulated period of time, and impose a fine less than the amount of the said resulting losses if the rectification is not made.
 
Environmental Protection
 
The relevant PRC governmental authorities set national and local environmental protection standards, as well as examine and issue approvals on environmental aspects of different stages of various projects. We are required to file an environmental impact statement, or in some cases, an environmental impact assessment outline, to obtain such approvals. The filing must demonstrate that the project in question conforms to applicable environmental standards. Generally speaking, environmental protection bureaus will issue approvals and permits for projects using modern pollution control measurement technology.
 
The PRC national and local environmental laws and regulations impose fees for the discharge of waste substances above prescribed levels, require the payment of fines for serious violations and provide that the PRC national and local governments may, at their own discretion, close or suspend any facility which fails to comply with orders requiring it to cease or improve operations causing environmental damage.
 
In accordance with the requirements of the environmental protection laws of the PRC, we have installed the necessary environmental protection equipment, adopted advanced environmental protection technologies, established responsibility systems for environmental protection and reported to and registered with the relevant local environmental protection department.
 
 
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In addition, to the best of our knowledge, we have complied with the necessary environmental procedures with respect to the construction of our biodiesel factory. The governmental authorities reviewed the environmental impact report prepared on our behalf by a professional institution that we retained prior to the commencement of construction. In January 2008, after the completion of construction, we obtained environmental approvals from the governmental authorities.
 
Dangerous Chemicals
 
PRC laws and regulations on dangerous chemicals require that a Safe Production Permit, or the Permit, be obtained for all facilities used to manufacture dangerous chemicals. We obtained the Safe Production Permit in April 2007, which is valid for a period of three years. It can thereafter be renewed for an additional three years, provided that the facility has not had any fatalities from accidents and has passed periodic inspections by the local administrative authorities for work safety during the term of the Permit.
 
Foreign-invested Enterprises Engaging in Oil-related Businesses
 
Under the Catalogue of Industries for Guiding Foreign Investment , jointly promulgated by the MOFCOM and the NDRC on October 31, 2007 and effective as of December 1, 2007, each of the wholesale of oil products, the construction and operation of petrol stations and the production of liquid biofuels ( i.e. , fuel ethanol, biodiesel) falls within the restricted category for foreign investment. Foreign investors can only engage in commercial activities involving liquid biofuels or retail of finished oil (where the foreign investor possesses 30 or more gas stations or where it sells different brands of oil through different distributors) through a joint venture with a Chinese partner, and the Chinese partner must hold a controlling interest in the joint venture. As a result of these restrictions, we conduct our business in the PRC via a domestic entity, Xi’an Baorun Industrial, established by three PRC citizens. Please refer to “Our History and Corporate Structure — Corporate Structure —  Contractual Agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial” for more information regarding our control relationship with Xi’an Baorun Industrial.
 
SAFE Regulations Pertaining to Overseas-Listed Companies
 
Circular 75
 
The SAFE issued the Circular on Issues Relevant to Foreign Exchange Control with Respect to the Round-trip Investment of Funds Raised by Domestic Residents Through Offshore Special Purpose Vehicles, or Circular 75, on October 21, 2005. Circular 75 requires PRC residents and citizens to register with their local SAFE branches before establishing or acquiring the control of any company outside of China by using domestic assets or equities for the purpose of equity financing. PRC residents and citizens who are stockholders of offshore special purpose companies established before November 1, 2005 were required to conduct overseas investment registration with the local SAFE branches before March 31, 2006. Further, PRC residents and citizens must register all major changes relating to capitalization (including overseas equity or convertible bonds financing) within 30 days upon the occurrence of such changes.
 
On May 29, 2007, the SAFE issued the Operating Procedures for the Relevant Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Control on Domestic Residents’ Corporate Financing and Roundtrip Investment Through Offshore Special Purpose Vehicles. This regulation clarifies some outstanding issues with respect to Circular 75, and adds various implementing rules. Specifically, it provides for seven schedules to be established by the SAFE in order to track registration requirements for offshore fundraising and roundtrip investments.
 
Failure to comply with the registration procedures set forth in Circular 75 and any other rules and regulations may result in restrictions on the relevant PRC subsidiary, including the payment of dividends and other distributions to its offshore parent or affiliate and the capital inflow from the offshore entity. Non-compliance may also subject relevant PRC residents to penalties under PRC foreign exchange administration regulations, and may result in liability under PRC law for foreign exchange evasion.
 
 
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Stock Option Rules
 
On March 28, 2007, the SAFE promulgated the Application Procedures of Foreign Exchange Administration for Domestic Individuals Participating in an Overseas-Listed Company’s Employee Stock Holding or Stock Option Plan, or the Stock Option Rules. The Stock Option Rules stipulate that PRC individuals who have been granted stock options and other types of stock-based awards by an overseas listed company are required to obtain approval from their local SAFE branches through an agent of the overseas listed company (generally its PRC subsidiary or a financial institution).
 
The failure by any entities or PRC individuals to complete their SAFE registration pursuant to the requirement of the SAFE or its local branches or the Individual Foreign Exchange Rules may subject these entities or PRC individuals to fines and legal sanctions, and may also limit our ability to contribute additional capital into our PRC subsidiaries, limit our PRC subsidiaries’ ability to distribute dividends to their shareholders or otherwise materially adversely affect their business.
 
As a company listed on a stock exchange in the United States, we and our PRC directors, management personnel, employees, consultants and employees of our equity investee who have been granted share options and other awards under our equity incentive plan are subject to the Stock Option Rules.
 
Our History and Corporate Structure
 
The following diagram illustrates our corporate structure .
 
 
Company History
 
We were incorporated in the State of Delaware in July 1998 under the corporate name “A.M.S. Marketing, Inc.” and in October 2003, we changed our name to “International Imaging Systems, Inc.” Until January 2007, we were engaged in the business of marketing pre-owned, brand name photocopy machines and employee leasing. We then began to pursue an acquisition strategy to acquire an undervalued business that demonstrated room for growth.
 
We acquired Baorun China Group Limited, or Baorun Group, pursuant to a Share Exchange Agreement, dated October 23, 2007 with Baorun Group, Redsky Group and Princeton Capital Group LLP, or Princeton Capital Group, Castle Bison, Inc. and Stallion Ventures, LLC. Together, Redsky Group and Princeton Capital Group owned shares constituting 100% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Baorun Group. Pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, Redsky Group and Princeton Capital Group transferred to us all of their shares in Baorun Group in exchange for the issuance of 22,454,545 shares of our common stock to Redsky Group and 1,500,000 shares of our common stock to Princeton Capital Group. As a result of this share exchange, Baorun Group became our wholly owned subsidiary, and Redsky Group and Princeton Capital Group acquired an aggregate of approximately 94.11% of our common stock.
 
 
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On November 15, 2007, through a merger of a wholly owned subsidiary, China Bio Energy Holding Group Co., Ltd., our corporate name was changed from “International Imaging Systems, Inc.” to “China Bio Energy Holding Group Co., Ltd.” On September 17, 2009, we changed our name to “China Integrated Energy, Inc.”
 
Corporate Structure
 
We are engaged in three business segments: (1) the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products; (2) the production and sale of biodiesel; and (3) the operation of retail gas stations. We operate our business through certain contractual agreements between Redsky Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial. Redsky Industrial is our indirect wholly owned subsidiary that is a registered wholly foreign owned enterprise in the PRC. Xi’an Baorun Industrial is based in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, and owned by three Chinese citizens, including our chairman, chief executive officer and president, Mr. Xincheng Gao, who owns a 70% equity interest in Xi’an Baorun Industrial.
 
Contractual Agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial
 
We do not own any equity interest in Xi’an Baorun Industrial. In order to meet domestic ownership requirements under PRC law, which restricts foreign companies from operating in the finished oil and biodiesel industry, our wholly-owned subsidiaries entered into a series of contractual agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial, which allow us, among other things, to secure significant rights to control Xi’an Baorun Industrial’s business operations, policies and management, to approve all matters requiring stockholder approvals, and give us the right to receive service fee on a monthly basis from Xi’an Baorun Industrial equal to 100% of the monthly net income of Xi’an Baorun Industrial. In addition, to ensure that Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders perform their obligations under these contractual arrangements, the stockholders have pledged to Redsky Industrial all of their equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial. If and when the current restrictions under PRC law on foreign ownership of Chinese companies engaging in the finished oil and biodiesel industry in China are lifted, Baorun China Group may exercise its option to purchase the equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial directly.
 
In accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2009-17 issued by Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), Baorun China Group is considered to be the primary beneficiary of Xi’an Baorun Industrial and the financial statements of Xi’an Baorun Industrial have been consolidated in our consolidated financial statements.  Upon the execution of the above contractual agreements and arrangements, Baorun China Group is able to (i) direct the activities of Xi’an Baorun Industrial that most significantly impact their economic performance; and (ii) absorb losses and receive benefits from Xi’an Baorun Industrial that could potentially be significant to them.
 
The contractual agreements our subsidiaries entered into with Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders include the following:
 
Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement
 
Pursuant to an Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement entered into between Redsky Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial on October 19, 2007, as amended on March 24, 2008, Redsky Industrial has the exclusive right to provide complete technical support, business support and related consulting services, which include, among others, technical services, business consultations, equipment or property leasing, marketing consultancy and product research. Xi’an Baorun Industrial has agreed to pay the service fee on a monthly basis to Redsky Industrial equal to 100% of the monthly net income of Xi’an Baorun Industrial. This agreement is subject to renewal at the option of both Redsky Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial. Redsky Industrial has the right to early termination of this agreement for any reason upon a 30 days’ prior written notice. Xi’an Baorun Industrial only has the right to early termination of this agreement in the event of the gross negligence of, or fraudulent acts by Redsky Industrial.
 
 
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Exclusive Option Agreements
 
Under the Exclusive Option Agreements dated October 19, 2007 entered into among Redsky Industrial, each of the three stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial, the stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial have irrevocably granted to Redsky Industrial, which subsequently in turn granted the right to Baorun Group, an exclusive option to purchase, to the extent permitted by PRC law, a portion or all of their respective equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial for a purchase price either to be designated by Baorun Group or to be determined based on the evaluation of the equity interests required by PRC law. Baorun Group has the sole discretion to decide when to exercise the option, whether in part or in full. Each of these agreements has a ten-year term, subject to renewal at Baorun Group’s election.
 
Equity Pledge Agreements
 
Under the Equity Pledge Agreements dated October 19, 2007, entered into among Redsky Industrial, Xi’an Baorun Industrial and each of the three stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial, the stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial have pledged their equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial to guarantee Xi’an Baorun Industrial’s performance of its obligations under the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement. If Xi’an Baorun Industrial fails to perform its payment obligations under the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement, or if Xi’an Baorun Industrial or any of its stockholders breaches his/her respective contractual obligations under the agreement, or upon the occurrence of an event of default, Redsky Industrial is entitled to certain rights, including the right to dispose of the pledged equity interests. The stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial have agreed not to dispose of the pledged equity interests or take any actions that would prejudice Redsky Industrial’s interests. Each of the Equity Pledge Agreements will be valid until all the payments due under the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement have been paid by Xi’an Baorun Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial no longer has any obligations under the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement. Since the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement may be renewed at Redsky Industrial’s option, the equity pledge will remain in effect with each such renewal of the Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement, and until all payments due under the Exclusive Business Cooperation are paid in full by Xi’an Baorun Industrial.
 
Irrevocable Powers of Attorney
 
Under the irrevocable powers of attorney, each of the three stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial has granted to Redsky Industrial, which in turn granted to Baorun China Group, the power to exercise all voting rights of such stockholder in stockholders’ meetings, including, but not limited to, the power to determine the sale, pledge or transfer of, or otherwise dispose of all or part of such stockholder’s equity interests in, and to appoint and elect the directors, the legal representative (chairperson), chief executive officer and other senior management of Xi’an Baorun Industrial.
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
 
Investing in our securities involves a great deal of risk. Careful consideration should be made of the following factors as well as other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K before deciding to purchase our securities. You should pay particular attention to the fact that we conduct all of our operations in China and are governed by a legal and regulatory environment that in some respects differs significantly from the environment that may prevail in the U.S. and other countries. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be affected materially and adversely by any or all of these risks.
 
THE FOLLOWING MATTERS MAY HAVE A MATERIAL ADVERSE EFFECT ON OUR BUSINESS, FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY, RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OR PROSPECTS, FINANCIAL OR OTHERWISE. REFERENCE TO THIS CAUTIONARY STATEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF A FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENT OR STATEMENTS SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE A STATEMENT THAT ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS MAY CAUSE ACTUAL RESULTS TO DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THOSE IN SUCH FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENT OR STATEMENTS.
 
 
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Risks Related to Our Business
 
Competition from large international oil and gas companies to acquire retail gas stations has lead to a significant increase in acquisition costs, which may cause us to slow our acquisition strategy for our retail gas station operating segment.
 
The retail gas station market in the PRC is highly fragmented with many privately owned gas stations. To date, our operating leases for, and acquisitions of, retail gas stations have primarily been with or from private owners. Over the past two years, large international players, such as Exxon Mobil and Shell, have penetrated this market through partnerships with state-owned entities or others. As a result, competition for small privately-owned gas stations has become intense and lease payments and purchase prices to acquire retail gas stations have significantly increased. Companies such as Exxon Mobil and Shell have greater financial and other resources than we do, and we may be unable to successfully finance such acquisitions at potentially higher prices or otherwise. Our growth strategy with respect to our retail gas station business depends on our ability to continue to acquire, through leases and otherwise, gas stations. If the acquisition costs for retail gas stations continue to rise, we may be unable to compete against larger international companies. Any significant slow-down in our strategy to grow our retail gas station segment through acquisitions would have a material adverse effect on revenue growth for this segment.
 
The failure of the former owner of the Shenmu gas station to transfer to us the land use rights to the land on which the gas station is located may materially affect our ability to operate the gas station.
 
According to the purchase agreement to acquire the Shenmu gas station, the former owner is obligated to transfer to us the land use rights to two parcels of land on which the Shenmnu gas station is located. As of December 31, 2010, the transfer of the land use rights certificates is in process, but remains subject to the approval of relevant regulatory authorities. We cannot guarantee that such land use rights will be transferred to us in a timely manner. If the land use rights certificates are not transferred to us, our right to use the land could be challenged. If any such challenge is successful, it could impair our ability to continue to operate and develop the Shenmu gas station. Furthermore, we could be subject to the risk of potential disputes in connection with the land use rights. Such disputes, whether resolved in our favor or not, may divert management attention, harm our reputation or otherwise disrupt our business.
 
 
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The failure of Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd. (“Tianrun”) to obtain the consent to use certain biodiesel production technology from the owner may materially affect Tianrun’s operations.
 
Xi’an Baorun Industrial entered into an equity transfer agreement to acquire Tianrun, a biodiesel producer in Chongqing, on October 22, 2010.  Tianrun has advised us that it is using certain biodiesel production technology without proper authorization from the owner of the technology. Although Tianrun is actively seeking such authorization from the owner, it is possible that the owner may decline Tianrun’s request. If authorization is ultimately withheld, Tianrun may be required to cease using the technology and compensate the owner for damages. Although according to the equity transfer agreement, Tianrun’s current shareholder has undertaken to indemnify us for any losses incurred as a result of Tianrun’s non-compliance, we cannot assure you that such indemnification would be sufficient to cover Tianrun’s losses, or that Tianrun’s operations of its existing biodiesel production facilities will not be materially affected due to the lack of the biodiesel technology.
 
The failure of Xi’an Baorun Industrial to repay debt pursuant to the loan agreement it entered into with Communications Bank Holdings Co., Ltd., Shaanxi Branch (the “Communications Bank”) may cause Xi’an Baorun Industrial to lose certain of its important assets which have been pledged.
 
On October 28, 2010, Xi’an Baorun Industrial entered into a loan agreement with Communications Bank, whereby Communications Bank provided a working capital loan to Xi’an Baorun Industrial in the amount of RMB40,000,000, approximately US$6,000,000, which loan matures on October 27, 2011. The loan is guaranteed by two guarantee corporations pursuant to separate guarantee agreements entered into between the guarantee corporations and Communications Bank.  In connection with the loan, Xi’an Baorun Industrial pledged 4,000 tons of gasoline and its biodiesel production line located in Xiaobeibao, Tongchuan to the two guarantee corporations pursuant to two separate pledge agreements.  According to the pledge agreements, if Xi’an Baorun Industrial cannot repay the RMB40,000,000 loan to Communications Bank by October 27, 2011 (which event would require the two guarantee corporations to repay the loan for Xi’an Baorun Industrial), the two guarantee corporations are entitled to exercise the pledges by selling the pledged assets to compensate for Xi’an Baorun Industrial’s non-repayment. As the biodiesel production line and the gasoline inventory are important assets to our business, the loss of them could be disruptive to our business.  Further, if the proceeds from the asset sale are still insufficient to make up for its non-repayment, Xi’an Baorun Industrial must make up for the difference or else it may be forced into bankruptcy.
 
We rely on a limited number of third-party suppliers for our supply of finished oil and heavy oil products and the loss of any such supplier, particularly our largest supplier, could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
 
We are dependent upon our relationships with third parties for our supply of finished oil and heavy oil products. Our five largest suppliers provided 65.5% and 52.6% % of the finished oil and heavy oil products we sold in the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, respectively, with our largest supplier providing approximately 30.8% and 20.3%, respectively, in such periods. Should any of these suppliers, and in particular our largest supplier, terminate their supply relationships with us, fail to perform their obligations as agreed, or enter into the finished oil or heavy oil products business in competition with us, we may be unable to procure sufficient amounts of finished oil and heavy oil products to fulfill our demand. If we are unable to obtain adequate quantities of finished oil and heavy oil products at economically viable prices, our customers could seek to purchase products from other suppliers, which could have a material adverse effect on our revenues.
 
We are highly dependent on the revenue contribution from our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment. A reduction in sales from this segment would cause our revenues to decline and materially harm our business.
 
We currently derive a significant majority of our sales from our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products business segment, which accounted for 67.6% and 62.3% % of our total sales in the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, respectively. As a result, should there be an adverse industry trend in the petroleum sector, our limited diversification could result in our results of operations declining substantially and suffering disproportionately compared to our competitors that have diversified their revenue sources.
 
 
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Our ability to operate at a profit is partially dependent on market prices for petroleum and biodiesel fuels, which are subject to government control in the PRC. If petroleum and biodiesel prices drop significantly, we may be unable to maintain our current profitability.
 
Our results of operations and financial condition are affected by the selling prices of petroleum and biodiesel fuel products. Prices are subject to and determined by market forces and actions by the PRC government over which we have no control. In the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, our average selling prices with value added tax for petroleum and biodiesel fuel were $2.96 and $3.44 per gallon, respectively, and $2.94 and $3.25 per gallon, respectively.
 
Although the current price-setting mechanism for refined petroleum products in China allows the PRC government to adjust prices in the PRC market when the average international crude oil price fluctuates beyond certain levels within a certain time period, the PRC government still retains full discretion as to whether or when to adjust the refined petroleum products price. The PRC government can also be expected to exercise price control over refined petroleum products once international crude oil price experiences sustained growth or becomes significantly volatile. As a result, our results of operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected by the fluctuation of market prices of crude oil and refined petroleum products as well as the discretionary actions of the PRC government.
 
We face substantial competition in our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment.
 
We are one of the only four non-state-owned enterprises that are licensed to distribute both finished oil and heavy oil products in Shaanxi Province. Although barriers to entry in our industry are high due to stringent licensing requirements and the need for significant storage capacity for products, we face competition from companies located in other provinces and within Shaanxi Province that also engage in the wholesale distribution of finished and heavy oils. Such companies may have greater financial resources, sales resources, storage capacity and transportation capability than we do, and may have exclusive supply and purchase arrangements with suppliers as a result of long-term relationships.
 
Our competitors include China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation, or SINOPEC, and PetroChina Co., Ltd., or PetroChina, both of which have greater resources, brand recognition and access to more extensive distribution channels than we do.
 
In addition, we estimate that we have approximately ten major non-state-owned competitors in Shaanxi Province that also distribute finished oil and heavy oil products similar to ours, including Shaanxi Dongda Petro-Chemical Co., Ltd., Shaanxi Dayun Petrochemical Material Co., Ltd., and Baoji Huahai Industry Corp.
 
An increase in competition arising from an increase in the number or size of competitors in the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil may result in price reductions, reduced gross profit margins, loss of our market share and departure of key management personnel, any of which could adversely affect our financial condition and profitability.
 
Our biodiesel products face substantial competition. Other companies may discover, develop, acquire or commercialize products earlier or more successfully than we do.
 
Existing and future domestic competitors in the biodiesel industry, who may have a greater presence in other regions through government support, may be able to secure a significant market share in regions where we currently do not have operations. In addition, our potential competitors might be able to secure raw materials at lower costs than we can and could therefore threaten our competitive position, which could significantly impact our profitability and future prospects. Our domestic competitors include Gushan Environment Energy Ltd., China Biodiesel International Holdings Co., Ltd., China Clean Energy Inc., East River Energy Resources and Science Technology (Zhejiang) Ltd., SINOPEC, China National Offshore Oil Corporation, or CNOOC, and PetroChina, most of which have greater resources, brand recognition and access to more extensive distribution channels than we do.

 
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We also face potential competition from foreign producers of biodiesel, which may have greater financial research and development resources than we do. Biodiesel is a relatively new product that was initially introduced outside the PRC, and the technology for producing biodiesel may be more advanced in countries other than the PRC. If foreign competitors, or domestic competitors relying on alliances with or support from foreign producers, enter the PRC biodiesel market, they may develop biodiesel that is more economically viable, which would adversely affect our ability to compete and our results of operations.
 
In addition, new technologies may be developed or implemented for alternative energy sources and products that use such energy sources. Advances in the development of fuels other than biodiesel or diesel, or the development of products that use energy sources other than diesel, such as gasoline hybrid vehicles and plug-in electric vehicles, could significantly reduce demand for biodiesel and thus affect our sales. Biodiesel also faces competition from fuel additives that help diesel burn cleaner and therefore reduce the comparative environmental benefits of biodiesel in relation to diesel. Other clean energy sources such as ethanol, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen and electricity from clean sources may be more cost-effective to produce, store, distribute or use, more environmentally friendly, or otherwise more successfully developed for commercial production in the PRC than our products. These other energy sources may also receive greater government support than our products in the form of subsidies, incentives or minimum use requirements. As a result, demand for our products may decline, our business model may no longer be viable, and our results of operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected.
 
Any increase in competition arising from an increase in the number or size of competitors or from competing technologies or other clean energy sources may result in price reductions, reduced gross profit margins, loss of our market share and departure of key management, any of which could adversely affect our financial condition and profitability.
 
Our limited history for producing biodiesel may not serve as an adequate basis to judge our future prospects and results of operations.
 
Currently, we have only three production facilities, of which two are in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province; and one is newly acquired in Chongqing City, We began producing biodiesel in October 2007, and we began selling biodiesel at the end of 2007. Our limited operating history as a producer and distributor of biodiesel makes it difficult for prospective investors to evaluate our business. Therefore, our operations are subject to all of the risks, challenges, complications and delays frequently encountered in connection with the operation of any new business, as well as those risks that are specific to the biodiesel industry. Investors should evaluate us in light of the problems and uncertainties frequently encountered by companies attempting to develop markets for new products, services, and technologies. Despite best efforts, we may never overcome these obstacles to financial success.
 
Our production and sale of biodiesel business segment is dependent upon the implementation of our business plan, as well as our ability to enter into agreements with third parties for the provision of necessary feedstock sources and the sale and distribution of our biodiesel on terms that will be commercially viable for us. There can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful or result in sales or profit. If we fail to execute on our business plan, there could be a material adverse effect on our operations.
 
The commercial success of our products depends on the degree of their market acceptance among the petroleum and biodiesel fuel community. If our products do not attain market acceptance among the petroleum and biodiesel fuel community, our operations and profitability would be adversely affected.
 
Our customers continually evaluate their product specifications in response to the latest developments in the energy market. Our success will depend on our ability to continue to meet our customers’ current and future requirements. We expect, therefore, to require significant ongoing investment to preserve our ability to comply with these standards in order to ensure continued product acceptance and customer retention.
 
Additionally, the biodiesel market is at a relatively early stage of development and the extent to which biodiesel products will be widely adopted is uncertain. The biodiesel industry may also be particularly susceptible to economic downturns. Market data in the biodiesel industry is not as readily available as data in other more established energy industries where trends can be assessed more reliably from data gathered over a longer period of time. If biodiesel technology proves unsuitable for widespread adoption or if demand for biodiesel products fails to develop sufficiently, we may not be able to grow our business or generate sufficient revenues to sustain our profitability. In addition, demand for biodiesel products in our targeted markets, including China, may not develop or may develop to a lesser extent than we anticipated.

 
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The distribution of finished oil is primarily dependent on the sufficiency of necessary infrastructure and access to means of transport, including rail transportation, which may not be available on a cost-effective basis, if at all.
 
Our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil business segment depends heavily on the availability of infrastructure and means of transportation, including but not limited to adequate highway or rail capacity, including sufficient numbers of dedicated tanker trucks or cars and sufficient storage facilities.
 
In connection with entering into oil storage services agreements through which we use two state-owned oil depots, we currently benefit from convenient railway freight access located near such depots, which enables us to reach certain parts of China, including Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou Provinces, to which other distribution companies in Shaanxi Province currently do not have easy access. There can be no assurance that the PRC government will continue to allow us to utilize this railway.
 
Our gross margins in our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products and in our operation of retail gas station segments are principally dependent on the spread between the average purchase price and the average selling price. If the average purchase price increases and the average selling price of our products does not similarly increase or if the average selling price of our products decreases and the average purchase price does not similarly decrease, our margins will decrease and results of operations will be harmed.
 
Our gross margins in the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products and in the operation of retail gas stations depend principally on the spread between the average purchase price and the average selling price we are able to realize for our products. The spread between the average purchase price for petroleum and the average selling price of our products has been relatively stable since 2007. Prices for petroleum in the PRC are primarily influenced by the guidance prices set by the National Development and Reform Commission, or the NDRC, and supply and demand for petroleum-based fuel, rather than production costs. Any decrease in the spread between the average purchase price and the prices we are able to realize for our products, whether as a result of an increase in purchase prices or policy determinations by the NDRC, would adversely affect our financial performance and cash flows.
 
Our future success substantially depends on our ability to significantly increase both our biodiesel production capacity and output.
 
Our future success depends on our ability to significantly increase both our production capacity and our output. In particular, we intend to expand our biodiesel production capacity within the next several years. Our ability to establish additional production capacity and increase output is subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including:
 
 
·
the ability to raise significant additional funds to purchase raw materials and to build additional production facilities, which we may be unable to obtain on reasonable terms or at all;
 
 
·
delays and cost overruns as a result of a number of factors, many of which may be beyond our control, such as increases in raw materials prices and problems with equipment vendors;
 
 
·
delays or denial of required approvals by relevant government authorities;
 
 
·
diversion of significant management attention and other resources;
 
 
·
failure to maintain the lease for the land (and buildings) or to acquire additional land and buildings to be used for our biodiesel production and storage; and

 
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·
failure to execute our expansion plan effectively.
 
If we are unable to establish or successfully operate additional production capacity or to increase production output, or if we encounter any of the risks described above, we may be unable to expand our business and decrease costs to improve our profitability as planned. Even if we do expand our production capacity and output, we may be unable to generate sufficient customer demand for our biodiesel to support our increased production levels.
 
In the past we have derived a significant portion of our sales from a few large customers. If we were to lose any of such customers, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Our customer base has been highly concentrated. Our top five customers accounted for approximately 39.1% and 38.1% of our sales for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, respectively. Our largest customer China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation Chuanyu Trading Co., Ltd. accounted for approximately 26.6% and 25.5% of our sales, respectively, during such periods. As our customer base may change from year-to-year, and during such years that our customer base is highly concentrated, the loss of, or reduction of our sales to, any of such major customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition. See “Business — Business Segments — Wholesale Distribution of Finished Oil and Heavy Oil — Customers” for a description of our largest customers.
 
We depend on our key executives, and our business and growth may be severely disrupted if we lose their services.
 
Our future success depends substantially on the continued services of our key executives. In particular, we are highly dependent upon Mr. Xincheng Gao, our chairman, chief executive officer and president, who has established relationships within the industries we operate. If we lose the services of one or more of our current executive officers, we may not be able to replace them readily, if at all, with suitable or qualified candidates, and may incur additional expenses to recruit and retain new officers with industry experience similar to our current officers, which could severely disrupt our business and growth. In addition, if any of our executives joins a competitor or forms a competing company, we may lose some of our suppliers or customers. Furthermore, as we expect to continue to expand our operations and develop new products, we will need to continue attracting and retaining experienced management and key research and development personnel.
 
Competition for qualified candidates could cause us to offer higher compensation and other benefits in order to attract and retain them, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. We may also be unable to attract or retain the personnel necessary to achieve our business objectives, and any failure in this regard could severely disrupt our business and growth.
 
The current economic and credit environment could have an adverse effect on demand for certain of our products and services, which would in turn have a negative impact on our results of operations, our cash flows, our financial condition, our ability to borrow and our stock price.
 
Since late 2008, global market and economic conditions have been disrupted and volatile. Concerns over increased energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, the U.S. mortgage market and a declining residential real estate market in the U.S. have contributed to this increased volatility and diminished expectations for the economy and the markets going forward. These factors, combined with volatile oil prices, declining business and consumer confidence and increased unemployment, have precipitated a global recession.
 
It is difficult to predict how long the current economic conditions will persist, whether they will deteriorate further, and which of our products, if not all of them, will be adversely affected. As a result, these conditions could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 
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Our gross margin in our production and sale of biodiesel segment is principally dependent on the spread between feedstock prices and biodiesel prices. If the unit cost of feedstock increases and the average selling price of biodiesel does not similarly increase or if the average selling price of biodiesel decreases and the unit cost of feedstock does not similarly decrease, our margin will decrease and results of operations will be harmed.
 
Our gross margin in the production and sale of biodiesel segment depends principally on the spread between feedstock and biodiesel prices Prices for vegetable oil residue, waste cooking oil and non-edible oil seeds, which have historically been our principal feedstock and comprised approximately 91% of total cost of goods sold of our production and sale of biodiesel segment during the year ended December 31, 2010, do not necessarily have a direct price relationship to the price of biodiesel in a particular period. Prices for non-edible oil seeds, vegetable oil residue and waste cooking oil are principally influenced by general inflation, market and regulatory factors. Biodiesel prices, however, are primarily influenced by the guidance prices set by the NDRC and supply and demand for petroleum-based diesel fuel, rather than biodiesel production costs. This lack of correlation between production costs and product prices means that we may be unable to pass increased feedstock costs on to our customers. In the last two years, the prices of vegetable oil residue, waste cooking oil and non-edible oil seeds have fluctuated substantially due to increased demand in China resulting from its rapid economic development. Any decrease in the spread between biodiesel prices and feedstock prices, whether as a result of an increase in feedstock prices or a reduction in biodiesel prices, would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
 
The biodiesel industry faces a number of challenges, and there is no established market for biodiesel in the PRC where biodiesel is not considered a principal source of energy for any purpose.
 
Biodiesel has only recently been produced for commercial applications in the PRC. The market for biodiesel products is currently confined to specific regions and is relatively small at the national level. There is no established market in the PRC where biodiesel is considered a principal source of energy for vehicles operating on diesel or for any other purpose. We cannot assure you that biodiesel will be widely accepted or will reach a broader consumer base in the PRC. Our future prospects and operational results will be adversely affected if demand for biodiesel and the biodiesel industry in the PRC fail to develop.
 
The global biodiesel industry is also at an early stage of development and acceptance, as compared to other more established energy industries, and significant growth has occurred only recently. Demand for biodiesel may not grow as rapidly as expected, or at all. Biodiesel and the global biodiesel industry also face a number of obstacles and drawbacks, including:
 
 
·
potentially increased nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions as compared with most formulations of diesel;
 
 
·
gelling at lower temperatures than diesel, which can require the use of low percentage biodiesel blends in colder climates or the use of heated fuel tanks;
 
 
·
potential water contamination that can complicate handling and long-term storage;
 
 
·
reluctance on the part of some auto manufacturers and industry groups to endorse biodiesel and their recommending against the use of biodiesel or high percentage biodiesel blends;
 
 
·
potentially reduced fuel economy due to the lower energy content of biodiesel as compared with diesel;
 
 
·
potentially impaired growth due to a lack of infrastructure such as dedicated rail tanker cars and truck fleets, sufficient storage facilities, and refining and blending facilities.
 
The success of our expansion plans depends on growth in domestic demand for biodiesel, and we may face overcapacity if the biodiesel market in the PRC does not develop as expected. If overcapacity occurs, the expenditures we incur to expand our facilities and increase our capacity may not result in increased sales, which could cause our results of operations to be materially and adversely affected.

 
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Our biodiesel business depends on the sufficiency of necessary infrastructure which may not occur on a timely basis, if at all, and our operations could be adversely affected by the failure to develop infrastructure or disruptions to that infrastructure.
 
Substantial development of infrastructure will depend upon persons and entities outside of our control, and the control of others in the biodiesel industry, generally. Areas requiring expansion include, but are not limited to:
 
 
·
adequate highway or rail capacity, including sufficient numbers of dedicated tanker trucks or cars;
 
 
·
sufficient storage facilities for feedstock and biodiesel;
 
 
·
increases in truck fleets capable of transporting biodiesel within localized markets; and
 
 
·
expansion of independent filling stations.
 
Substantial investments required for these infrastructure changes and expansions may not be made or they may not be made on a timely basis. Any delay or failure in making the changes to or expansion of infrastructure could hurt the demand or prices for our biodiesel products, impede our delivery of biodiesel products, impose additional costs on us or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial position. Our business is dependent on the continuing availability of infrastructure and any infrastructure disruptions could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
Our business will suffer if we cannot obtain, maintain or renew necessary permits or licenses.
 
All PRC enterprises in the finished oil and biodiesel industries are required to obtain from various PRC governmental authorities certain permits and licenses, including, without limitation, an Approval Certificate for Wholesale Distribution of Finished Oil, a Dangerous Chemical Distribution License and a Safe Production Permit. We have obtained permits and licenses required for the distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products, and production of biodiesel. These permits and licenses are subject to periodic renewal and/or reassessment by the relevant PRC government authorities and the standards of compliance required in relation thereto may from time to time be subject to change. We intend to apply for renewal and/or reassessment of such permits and licenses when required by applicable laws and regulations, however, we cannot assure you that we can obtain, maintain or renew the permits and licenses or accomplish the reassessment of such permits and licenses in a timely manner. Any changes in compliance standards, or any new laws or regulations that may prohibit or render it more restrictive for us to conduct our business or increase our compliance costs may adversely affect our operations or profitability. Any failure by us to obtain, maintain or renew the licenses, permits and approvals, may have a material adverse effect on the operation of our business. In addition, we may not be able to carry on business without such permits and licenses being renewed and/or reassessed.
 
If we fail to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights, or to secure rights to patents of third parties, our business could be significantly impaired.
 
Our success, competitive position and future revenues will depend in part on our ability to obtain and maintain patent protection for our products, methods, processes and other technologies, to preserve our trade secrets, to prevent third parties from infringing on our proprietary rights and to operate without infringing the proprietary rights of third parties.
 
To date, we have filed 11 patent applications with the State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC, or the SIPO. We were granted two utility model patents in 2008, one utility model patent in 2009 and one utility model patent in 2010. The other seven patent applications have all been accepted by the SIPO, and five of them have passed the preliminary examination. In accordance with the PRC Patent Law, all utility model patents granted to us will be valid for 10 years from the date of filing. Accordingly, the two patents granted in 2008 were filed in 2006 and will be valid until 2015, and the patent granted in 2009 was filed in 2008 and will be valid until 2017

 
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However, we cannot fully predict the degree and range of protection these patents will afford us against competitors. Third parties may find ways to invalidate or otherwise circumvent our proprietary technology. Third parties may attempt to obtain patents claiming aspects similar to our patent applications. If we need to initiate litigation or administrative proceedings, such actions may be costly whether we win or lose. To help protect our proprietary know-how and inventions for which patents may be unobtainable or difficult to obtain, such as our core technology for oil processing, we rely on trade secret protection and confidentiality agreements. If any of our intellectual property is disclosed, our value would be significantly impaired, and our business and competitive position would suffer.
 
If we infringe the rights of third parties, we could be prevented from selling products, forced to pay damages and compelled to defend against litigation.
 
If our products, methods, processes and other technologies infringe proprietary rights of other parties, we may have to obtain licenses (which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all), redesign our products or processes, stop using the subject matter claimed in the asserted patents, pay damages, or defend litigation or administrative proceedings, which may be costly whether we win or lose. All of the above could result in a substantial diversion of valuable management resources and we could incur substantial costs.
 
We believe we have taken reasonable steps, including comprehensive internal and external prior patent searches, to ensure we have the freedom to operate under our intellectual property rights, and that our development and commercialization efforts can be carried out as planned without infringing others’ proprietary rights. However, a third-party patent may have been filed or will be filed that may contain subject matter of relevance to our development, causing a third-party patent holder to claim infringement. Resolving such issues has traditionally resulted, and could in our case result, in lengthy and costly legal proceedings, the outcome of which cannot be predicted accurately.
 
Our legal right to lease certain properties or accept oil storage services from third parties could be challenged by property owners, regulatory authorities or other third parties, which could prevent us from continuing to utilize our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility and retail gas stations, which are located on such leased properties, or could increase the costs associated with utilizing those facilities.
 
Although all land in the PRC is owned by the government or by collectives, private individuals and businesses are permitted to use, lease and develop land for a specified term without owning the land, the duration of which depends on the purpose of land use. These rights to use land are termed land use rights. We do not hold any land use rights with respect to our biodiesel production facilities in Tongchuan City, Shannxi Province, oil storage depots or retail gas stations, except for Jinzheng gas station and Shenmu gas station. Instead, our business model relies on leases with third parties who either own the properties or lease the properties from the ultimate property owner and, with respect to two of the oil storage depots that we use, we rely on the oil storage service agreements with two state-owned entities. There may be challenges to the title of the properties and the rights to provide oil storage services which, if successful, could impair the development or operations of our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility and retail gas stations on such properties. In addition, we are subject to the risk of potential disputes with property owners. Such disputes, whether resolved in our favor or not, may divert management attention, harm our reputation or otherwise disrupt our business.
 
In most instances, our immediate lessors do not possess the ultimate land use rights or proper property use rights, or have not obtained consents or approvals from the holders of the land use rights or relevant regulatory authorities to sublease the land or storage space to us. A lessor’s failure to duly obtain the title to the property or to receive any necessary approvals from the ultimate holders of the land use rights, the primary lease holder or relevant regulatory authorities, as applicable, could potentially result in the invalidation of our lease, the renegotiation of such lease leading to less favorable terms or, in serious cases, require us to vacate the properties that we occupy or pay a fine. With regard to the two state-owned depots that provide storage services to us, their failure to obtain necessary approvals or to fulfill their obligations of filing or registering with relevant regulatory authorities of such storage services under PRC laws and regulations could invalidate such storage service agreements and we may have to stop using such storage services. The building ownership or leasehold in connection with our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility and gas retail operations could be subject to similar challenges.

 
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In addition, three of our gas stations are located on pieces of land which are not permitted to be used for any non-agricultural purposes. We have not been informed by any regulatory authority that we should cease to use such land. However, we cannot assure you that we will be able to continue to use such land in the future. If we are required to vacate from such land by any regulatory authorities, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.
 
The failure of our lessors to transfer gas station operating permits to us may materially affect our ability to conduct retail gas business.
 
Under PRC law, the operation of gas stations requires various permits. In this regard, we conduct our retail gas station business by leasing ten gas stations from third parties who have obtained the requisite permits. To date, we have obtained all of the necessary operating permits for six gas stations. The operating permits for the remaining retail gas station are still in the process of being transferred to us subject to the approval of relevant regulatory authorities. While the lease agreement requires the lessor to transfer its operating permits to us, we cannot guarantee that such permits will be transferred to us in a timely manner. If the lessor fails to transfer any of the necessary operating permits, we may not be able to conduct business at such retail gas station, and may be subject to warning, suspension of business, a fine of up to three times the illegal gains, or a fine of up to RMB 30,000.
 
Our lessors’ failure to comply with lease registration and other compliance requirements under PRC law may subject these lessors or us to fines or other penalties that may negatively affect our ability to utilize our oil storage depots, our biodiesel production facility or our retail gas stations.
 
We are subject to a number of land and property-related legal requirements. For instance, under PRC law, all lease agreements are required to be registered with the local housing bureau. Currently, none of the owners of the oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility and some retail gas stations we operate and manage has obtained registrations or approval of their leases from the relevant regulatory authorities as required although we continue to request that they obtain such registrations or approvals. The failure of our lessors to register these leases and agreements as required by law or to have the leases approved may subject these lessors or us to fines, result in our being required to vacate the properties or other penalties which may negatively affect our ability to operate or use the biodiesel production facility, the oil storage depots and retail gas stations covered under those leases.
 
Accidents or injuries in or around our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility or retail gas stations may adversely affect our reputation and subject us to liability.
 
There are inherent risks of accidents or injuries when working in or around our oil storage depots, biodiesel production facility or retail gas stations. Death and accidents could prevent us from renewing our safety production permits. One or more accidents or injuries at any of our oil storage depots or at our biodiesel production facility or retail gas stations could adversely affect our safety reputation among customers and potential customers and increase our costs if we are required to take additional measures to make our safety precautions more effective. If accidents or injuries occur, we may be held liable for costs related to the injuries. Our current insurance policy, which covers claims as a result of accidental injuries, may not provide adequate coverage and we may be unable to renew our insurance policies or obtain new insurance policies without increases in our insurance premiums or decreases in coverage levels.
 
Power shortages, natural disasters, terrorist acts or other events could disrupt our operations and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.
 
Our business could be materially and adversely affected by power shortages, natural disasters, terrorist attacks or other disruptive events in the PRC. For example, in early 2008, parts of the PRC were affected by severe snow storms that significantly impacted public transportation systems and the power supply in those areas. In May 2008, Sichuan Province in the PRC suffered a strong earthquake measuring approximately 8.0 on the Richter scale that caused widespread damage and casualties. The May 2008 Sichuan earthquake had a material adverse effect on the general economic conditions in the areas affected by the earthquake and severely affected the transportation systems in those areas. Any future natural disasters, terrorist attacks or other disruptive events in the PRC could cause a reduction in usage of, or other severe disruptions to, public transportation systems and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.

 
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We may be unable to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, and as a result we may be unable to accurately report our financial results.
 
Our reporting obligations as a public company place a significant strain on our management, operational and financial resources and systems. If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we could experience delays or inaccuracies in our reporting of financial information, or non-compliance with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, reporting and other regulatory requirements. This could subject us to regulatory scrutiny and result in a loss of public confidence in our management, which could, among other things, adversely affect our stock price.
 
If we require additional financing, we may not be able to find such financing on satisfactory terms or at all.
 
Our capital requirements may be accelerated as a result of many factors, including timing of development activities, underestimates of budget items, unanticipated expenses or capital expenditures, future product opportunities with collaborators and future business combinations. Our future growth strategy includes the construction or acquisition of biodiesel facilities that will enable us to produce more biodiesel fuel. Consequently, we may need to seek additional debt or equity financing, which may not be available on favorable terms, if at all, and which may be dilutive to our stockholders.
 
We may seek to raise additional capital through public or private equity offerings or debt financings. To the extent we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience dilution. To the extent that we raise additional capital by issuing debt securities, we may incur substantial interest obligations, may be required to pledge assets as security for the debt and may be constrained by restrictive financial and/or operational covenants. Debt financing would also be superior to our stockholders’ interest in bankruptcy or liquidation.
 
Our insurance may not cover all claims made against us.
 
Currently we have property and accidental injury insurance policies. If we were held liable for amounts and claims exceeding the limits of our insurance coverage or outside the scope of our insurance coverage, the costs to cover any such shortfalls could significantly reduce and put a strain on our available cash. In addition, we do not have any business disruption insurance coverage for our operations to cover losses that may be caused by natural disasters or other disruptive events, such as an epidemic of H1N1 virus, SARS or avian flu. Any business disruption or natural disaster may result in our incurring substantial costs and diversion of our resources.
 
Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure
 
We rely on contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders for our operations in the PRC, which may not be as effective in providing control over Xi’an Baorun Industrial as direct ownership.
 
We have no equity ownership interest in Xi’an Baorun Industrial, and rely on contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders to control and operate Xi’an Baorun Industrial. We describe these arrangements in more detail under “Our History and Corporate Structure — Corporate Structure —  Contractual Agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial.” These contractual arrangements may not be as effective in providing control over Xi’an Baorun Industrial as direct ownership would be. For example, Xi’an Baorun Industrial could fail to take actions required for our business despite its contractual obligation to do so. If Xi’an Baorun Industrial, or any of its stockholders, fails to perform their respective obligations under agreements with us, we may have to incur substantial costs and resources to enforce such arrangements and may have to rely on legal remedies under PRC law, including seeking specific performance or injunctive relief, and claiming damages, which may not be effective. In addition, we may not be able to renew these agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders when they expire.

 
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Our contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial are governed by PRC law and provide for the resolution of disputes through arbitration in the PRC. Accordingly, these contracts would be interpreted in accordance with PRC law and any disputes would be resolved in accordance with PRC legal procedures. The legal environment in the PRC is not as developed as in the United States and uncertainties in the Chinese legal system could limit our ability to enforce these contractual arrangements. In the event that we are unable to enforce these contractual arrangements, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
If the PRC government determines that the contractual arrangements that establish the structure for operating our business do not comply with applicable regulations, our business could be adversely affected.
 
The government of the PRC restricts foreign investment in energy businesses (e.g., finished oil distribution and biodiesel production) in the PRC. Consequently, we operate our business in the PRC through contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial. Although we believe we comply with current regulations of the PRC, we cannot assure you that our current ownership and operating structure would not be found to be in violation of any current or future PRC laws or regulations or other regulatory requirements and policies. If the PRC government determines that our structure or operating arrangements do not comply with applicable law, it could:
 
 
·
revoke our business and operating licenses, require us to discontinue or restrict our operations;
 
 
·
restrict our right to collect revenues;
 
 
·
require us to restructure our operations;
 
 
·
impose additional conditions or requirements with which we may not be able to comply;
 
 
·
impose restrictions on our business operations or on our customers; or
 
 
·
take other regulatory or enforcement actions against us that could be harmful to our business.
 
In addition, the equity pledge among Redsky Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial and Xi’an Baorun Industrial’s stockholders has not been registered and may be deemed to be invalid under PRC law.
 
The controlling stockholder of Xi’an Baorun Industrial may have potential conflicts of interest with us, which may adversely affect our business.
 
Mr. Xincheng Gao, our chairman, chief executive officer and president is the controlling stockholder of Xi’an Baorun Industrial and through his equity ownership in Redsky Group Limited, or Redsky Group, our majority stockholder, Mr. Xincheng Gao is also a beneficial owner of our common stock. He is also a director of both Xi’an Baorun Industrial and us. Conflicts of interests among his roles as stockholder, officer and director of both Xi’an Baorun Industrial and us may arise. We cannot assure you that when conflicts of interests arise, he will act in the best interests of our company or that conflicts of interests will be resolved in our favor. In addition, he may breach or cause Xi’an Baorun Industrial to breach or refuse to renew the existing contractual arrangements that allow us to receive economic benefits from Xi’an Baorun Industrial. Currently, we do not have existing arrangements to address potential conflicts of interests between Mr. Xincheng Gao and us. We rely on Mr. Xincheng Gao to abide by the laws of Delaware, which provides that directors owe fiduciary duties to us, requiring them to act in good faith and in our best interests and not to use their positions for personal gains. If we cannot resolve any conflicts of interests or disputes between us and Mr. Gao, in his capacity as the controlling stockholder of Xi’an Baorun Industrial, we would have to rely on legal proceedings, which could result in disruption of our business.
 
 
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Our contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial may be subject to scrutiny by the PRC tax authorities and we could be required to pay additional taxes, which could substantially reduce our consolidated net income and the value of your investment.
 
We could face material and adverse tax consequences if the PRC tax authorities determine that our contractual arrangements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial were not priced at arm’s length for purposes of determining tax liabilities. If the PRC tax authorities determine that these contracts were not entered into on an arm’s-length basis, they may adjust our income and expenses for PRC tax purposes in the form of a transfer pricing adjustment. A transfer pricing adjustment could result in a reduction, for PRC tax purposes, of deductions recorded by Xi’an Baorun Industrial, which could adversely affect us by increasing the tax liabilities of Xi’an Baorun Industrial. This increased tax liability could further result in late payment fees and other penalties to Xi’an Baorun Industrial for underpaid taxes. Any payments we make under these arrangements or adjustments in payments under these arrangements that we may decide to make in the future will be subject to the same risk. Prices for such services will be set prospectively and therefore we do not know whether any of the payments to be made under the contracts will or will not be considered at arm’s length for purposes of determining tax liabilities.
 
Risks Related to Doing Business in China
 
PRC laws and regulations restrict foreign investment in China’s finished oil products industry. We have entered into contractual agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial to control and realize the benefits of the business. We are relying upon PRC laws and there is substantial uncertainty regarding the interpretation and application of current or future PRC laws and regulations.
 
Since we are deemed to be foreign persons or foreign-funded enterprises under PRC laws and are restricted to invest in companies operating in the finished oil products industry, we operate our businesses in China through Xi’an Baorun Industrial, an operating company that is owned by PRC citizens and not by us. Accordingly, our Chinese subsidiary, Redsky Industrial, entered into a series of exclusive contractual agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial. Although we believe we are in compliance with current PRC regulations, we cannot be sure that the PRC government would view these contractual arrangements to be in compliance with PRC licensing, registration or other regulatory requirements, with existing policies or with requirements or policies that may be adopted in the future. Because this structure has not been challenged or examined by PRC authorities, uncertainties exist as to whether the PRC government may interpret or apply the laws governing these arrangements in a way that is contrary to the opinion of our PRC counsel. If we, our wholly owned subsidiaries, Xi’an Baorun Industrial or the stockholders of Xi’an Baorun Industrial, were found to be in violation of any existing PRC laws or regulations, the relevant regulatory authorities would have broad discretion to deal with such violation, including, but not limited to the following:
 
 
·
levying fines;
 
 
·
confiscating income;
 
 
·
revoking licenses;
 
 
·
requiring a restructure of ownership or operations; and/or
 
 
·
requiring the discontinuance of our businesses.
 
Any of these or similar actions could cause significant disruption to our business operations or render us unable to conduct our business operations and may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Adverse changes in political and economic policies of the PRC government could have a material adverse effect on the overall economic growth of China, which could materially and adversely affect our business.
 
All of our operations are conducted in China and all of our sales are made in China. Accordingly, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects are affected significantly by economic, political and legal developments in China. The PRC economy differs from the economies of most developed countries in many respects, including:
 
 
·
the amount of government involvement;
 
 
·
the level of development;
 
 
·
the growth rate;

 
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·
the control of foreign exchange; and
 
 
·
the allocation of resources.
 
While the PRC economy has grown significantly since the late 1970s, the growth has been uneven, both geographically and among various sectors of the economy. The PRC government has implemented various measures to encourage economic growth and guide the allocation of resources. Some of these measures benefit the overall PRC economy, but may also have a negative effect on us. For example, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by government control over capital investments or changes in tax regulations that are applicable to us.
 
The PRC economy has been transitioning from a planned economy to a more market-oriented economy. Although the PRC government has in recent years implemented measures emphasizing the utilization of market forces for economic reform, the reduction of state ownership of productive assets and the establishment of sound corporate governance in business enterprises, a substantial portion of the productive assets in China is still owned by the PRC government. The continued control of these assets and other aspects of the national economy by the PRC government could materially and adversely affect our business. The PRC government also exercises significant control over economic growth in China through the allocation of resources, controlling payment of foreign currency-denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and providing preferential treatment to particular industries or companies. Efforts by the PRC government to slow the pace of growth of the PRC economy could result in decreased capital expenditure by energy users, which in turn could reduce demand for our products.
 
Any adverse change in the economic conditions or government policies in China could have a material adverse effect on the overall economic growth and the level of energy investments and expenditures in China, which in turn could lead to a reduction in demand for our products and consequently have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects.
 
The payment of dividends in the PRC is subject to limitations. We may not be able to pay dividends to our stockholders.
 
We conduct all of our business through our consolidated subsidiaries and affiliated companies incorporated in the PRC. We rely on dividends paid by these consolidated subsidiaries for our cash needs, including the funds necessary to pay any dividends and other cash distributions to our stockholders, to service any debt we may incur and to pay our operating expenses. The payment of dividends by entities established in the PRC is subject to limitations. Regulations in the PRC currently permit payment of dividends only out of accumulated profits as determined in accordance with accounting standards and regulations in the PRC, subject to certain statutory procedural requirements. Each of our PRC subsidiaries, including wholly foreign owned enterprises is also required to set aside at least 10.0% of their after-tax profit based on PRC accounting standards each year to their general reserves or statutory reserve fund until the aggregate amount of such reserves reaches 50.0% of their respective registered capital. Our statutory reserves are not distributable as loans, advances or cash dividends. In addition, if any of our PRC subsidiaries incurs debt on its own behalf in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends or make other distributions to us. As of December 31, 2010, our PRC subsidiaries had allocated RMB36.1 million ($4.9 million) to these reserves, consisting of general and statutory reserves. Any limitations on the ability of our PRC subsidiaries to transfer funds to us could materially and adversely limit our ability to grow, make investments or acquisitions that could be beneficial to our business, pay dividends and otherwise fund and conduct our business.
 
 
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There are significant uncertainties under the EIT Law regarding our PRC enterprise income tax liabilities, such as tax on dividends paid to us by our PRC subsidiary and tax on any dividends we pay to our non-PRC corporate stockholders.
 
The EIT Law provides that enterprises established outside of the PRC whose “de facto management bodies” are located in the PRC are considered as a “tax-resident enterprise” and are generally subject to the uniform 25.0% enterprise income tax rate on global income. Under the implementation regulations to EIT Law, “de facto management body” refers to a managing body that in practice exercises overall management control over the production and business, personnel, accounting and assets of an enterprise. In addition, on April 22, 2009, the State Administration of Taxation of the PRC issued the Notice on the Issues Regarding Recognition of Overseas Incorporated Enterprises that are Domestically Controlled as PRC Resident Enterprises Based on the De Facto Management Body Criteria , which was retroactively effective as of January 1, 2008. This notice provides that an overseas incorporated enterprise that is controlled domestically will be recognized as a “tax-resident enterprise” if it satisfies all of the following conditions: (i) the senior management responsible for daily production/business operations are primarily located in the PRC, and the location(s) where such senior management execute their responsibilities are primarily in the PRC; (ii) strategic financial and personnel decisions are made or approved by organizations or personnel located in the PRC; (iii) major properties, accounting ledgers, company seals and minutes of board meetings and stockholder meetings, etc, are maintained in the PRC; and (iv) 50.0% or more of the board members with voting rights or senior management habitually reside in the PRC. If the PRC tax authorities determine that we are a “tax-resident enterprise,” we may be subject to enterprise income tax at a rate of 25.0% on our worldwide income. This may have an impact on our effective tax rate, and may result in a material adverse effect on our net income and results of operations. In addition, dividends paid by us to our non-PRC corporate stockholders as well as gains realized by such stockholders from the sale or transfer of our stock may be subject to a PRC tax under the EIT Law, and we may be required to withhold PRC tax on dividends paid to our non-PRC corporate stockholders.
 
In addition, under the EIT Law and the Arrangement between the PRC and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion , or the Double Taxation Arrangement, which became effective on January 1, 2007, if both we and our Hong Kong subsidiary, Baorun Group, are considered as “non-tax-resident enterprises,” dividends from our PRC subsidiaries paid to us through our Hong Kong subsidiary may be subject to a withholding tax at a rate of 5.0%. Furthermore, the ultimate tax rate will be determined by treaty between the PRC and the tax residence of the holder of the PRC subsidiary. We are actively monitoring the application of the withholding tax and are evaluating appropriate organizational changes to minimize the corresponding tax impact.
 
Our business benefits from certain government incentives. Expiration of, or changes to, these incentives could have a material adverse effect on our operating results by significantly increasing our tax expenses.
 
A number of PRC government initiatives promote the adoption of clean energy sources, such as biodiesel. For example, pursuant to the Renewable Energy Medium and Long-Term Development Plan issued by the NDRC in September 2007, the PRC targets to increase its consumption of energy from renewable sources to 15.0% of total energy consumption in the PRC by 2020. The plan also includes the promotion of renewable energy sources. Under the plan, the PRC aims to increase its annual consumption of biofuel, with the consumption of biodiesel targeted at two million tons per year by 2020. According to the Renewable Energy Law of the PRC , local governments are required to prepare a renewable energy development plan and provide financial support to renewable energy projects in rural areas. Further, the government may grant businesses engaged in biodiesel production certain benefits and incentives, while petroleum marketing enterprises are required to include biodiesel products that comply with the state standard with respect to fuel sales. These government initiatives could be modified or eliminated altogether. Such a change in policy could adversely affect the growth of the biodiesel market and cause our revenues to decline. Changes to or elimination of initiatives designed to increase general acceptance of clean energy sources could result in decreased demand for our products and have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
Furthermore, we cannot assure you that demand for our products will increase or that we will otherwise benefit from such regulations. For example, the PRC Ministry of Finance has issued the Temporary Regulation on the Management of Special Funds for the Development of Renewable Resources . Pursuant to this regulation, special funds will be provided to companies for the development of renewable resources, including petroleum substitutes. These funds may be used to promote advancement in the development of energy sources that compete with biodiesel, which may in turn reduce demand for biodiesel.

 
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If environmental regulations are relaxed in the future, or if the enforcement of environmental regulations is not sufficiently rigorous, we may not be able to compete effectively against other manufacturers of energy products, including traditional and other clean energy source products. For example, under the Rules on the Management of Waste Oil for Food Producers , food producers must properly dispose of waste cooking oil or sell waste cooking oil to waste cooking oil processing entities or waste collection entities rather than discharging waste cooking oil into the environment or reusing it for human consumption. However, in practice, these rules may not be strictly enforced and waste oil may be disposed of through illegal means by some food producers, which would reduce the supply of waste cooking oil available for our production. Our business prospects and results of operations may be adversely affected as a result of any of the foregoing factors.
 
We face risks related to health epidemics and outbreak of contagious disease.
 
Our business could be materially and adversely affected by the effects of H1N1 flu (swine flu), avian flu, severe acute respiratory syndrome or other epidemics or outbreaks. In April 2009, an outbreak of H1N1 flu (swine flu) first occurred in Mexico and quickly spread to other countries, including the U.S. and the PRC. In the last decade, the PRC has suffered health epidemics related to the outbreak of avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome. Any prolonged occurrence or recurrence of H1N1 flu (swine flu), avian flu, severe acute respiratory syndrome or other adverse public health developments in the PRC may have a material adverse effect on our business and operations. These health epidemics could result in severe travel restrictions and closures that would restrict our ability to ship our products. Potential outbreaks could also lead to temporary closure of our production facilities, our suppliers’ facilities and/or our end-user customers’ facilities, leading to reduced production, delayed or cancelled orders, and decrease in demand for our products. Any future health epidemic or outbreaks that could disrupt our operations and/or restrict our shipping abilities may have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
 
Our operations may not develop in the same way or at the same rate as might be expected if the PRC economy were similar to the market-oriented economies of member countries in the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, or OECD.
 
The economy of the PRC has historically been a nationalistic, “planned economy,” meaning it functions and produces according to governmental plans and pre-set targets or quotas. In certain aspects, the PRC’s economy has been transitioning to a more market-oriented economy. However, there can be no assurance of the future direction of these economic reforms or the effects these measures may have. The PRC economy also differs from the economies of most countries belonging to OECD, an international group of member countries sharing a commitment to democratic government and market economy. For instance:
 
 
·
the number and importance of state-owned enterprises in the PRC is greater than in most OECD countries;
 
 
·
the level of capital reinvestment is lower in the PRC than in most OECD countries; and
 
 
·
Chinese policies make it more difficult for foreign firms to obtain local currency in China than in OECD jurisdictions.
 
As a result of these differences, our operations may not develop in the same way or at the same rate as might be expected if the PRC economy were similar to those of OECD member countries.
 
The PRC economic cycle may negatively impact our operating results.
 
The rapid growth of the PRC economy before 2008 generally led to higher levels of inflation. The PRC economy has more recently experienced a slowing of its growth rate. A number of factors have contributed to this slow-down, including appreciation of the Renminbi, or RMB, the currency of China, which has adversely affected China’s exports. In addition, the slow-down has been exacerbated by the recent global crisis in the financial services and credit markets, which has resulted in significant volatility and dislocation in the global capital markets. It is uncertain how long the global crisis in the financial services and credit markets will continue and the significance of the adverse impact it may have on the global economy in general, or the Chinese economy in particular. Slowing economic growth in China could result in slowing growth and demand for our services which could reduce our revenues. In the event of a recovery in the PRC, renewed high growth levels may again lead to inflation. Government attempts to control inflation may adversely affect the business climate and growth of private enterprise. In addition, our profitability may be adversely affected if prices for our products rise at a rate that is insufficient to compensate for the rise in inflation.

 
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Fluctuation in the value of the Renminbi may have a material adverse effect on your investment.
 
The value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in China’s political and economic conditions. The conversion of Renminbi into foreign currencies, including U.S. dollars, has historically been set by the People’s Bank of China. On July 21, 2005, the PRC government changed its policy of pegging the value of the Renminbi to the U.S. dollar. Under the new policy, the Renminbi is permitted to fluctuate within a band against a basket of certain foreign currencies, determined by the Bank of China, against which it can rise or fall by as much as 0.3% each day. This change in policy resulted in an approximately 24.2% appreciation in the value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar between July 21, 2005 and December 31, 2010. Since the adoption of this new policy, the value of Renminbi against the U.S. dollar has fluctuated on a daily basis within narrow ranges, but overall has further strengthened against the U.S. dollar. There remains significant international pressure on the PRC government to further liberalize its currency policy, which could result in a further and more significant appreciation in the value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar. Appreciation or depreciation in the value of the Renminbi relative to the U.S. dollar would affect our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business or results of operations. In addition, if we decide to convert our Renminbi into U.S. dollars for the purpose of making payments for dividends on our common stock or for other business purposes, appreciation of the U.S. dollar against the Renminbi would have a negative effect on the U.S. dollar amount available to us.
 
Changes in foreign exchange regulations in the PRC may affect our ability to pay dividends in foreign currency or conduct other foreign exchange business.
 
The PRC government imposes controls on the convertibility of Renminbi into foreign currencies and, in certain cases, the remittance of currency out of the PRC. We receive substantially all of our revenues in Renminbi, which is currently not a freely convertible currency. Shortages in the availability of foreign currency may restrict our ability to remit sufficient foreign currency to pay dividends, or otherwise satisfy foreign currency-denominated obligations. Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from the transaction, can be made in foreign currencies without prior approval from the PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or the SAFE, by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, approval from appropriate governmental authorities is required where Renminbi is to be converted into foreign currency and remitted out of China to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of bank loans denominated in foreign currencies.
 
The PRC government may also at its discretion restrict access in the future to foreign currencies for current account transactions. If the foreign exchange control system prevents us from obtaining sufficient foreign currency to satisfy our currency demands, we may not be able to pay certain of our expenses as they come due.
 
Our ability to implement our business plan is dependent on many factors, including our ability to receive various governmental permits.
 
In accordance with PRC laws and regulations, we are required to maintain various licenses and permits in order to operate our business including, without limitation, a Safety Production Permit, an Approval Certificate for Wholesale Distribution of Finished Oil and a Dangerous Chemical Distribution License. We are required to comply with applicable production safety standards in relation to our production processes and our premises and equipment are subject to periodical inspections by regulatory authorities to ensure compliance with the dangerous chemical safety production laws and regulations and finished oil distribution and retail laws and regulations. Failure to pass these inspections, or the loss or suspension of some or all of our production activities, could disrupt our operations and adversely affect our business.

 
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Our business benefits from preferential tax treatment and changes to this treatment could adversely affect our operating results.
 
Prior to the effectiveness of the EIT Law, the rate of income tax on companies in China may vary depending on the availability of preferential tax treatment or subsidies based on their industry or location. However, pursuant to the EIT Law, a uniform enterprise income tax of 25.0% is generally applied to all “tax-resident enterprises” under the EIT Law as to their global income, and “High and New Technology Enterprises” enjoy a preferential tax rate of 15.0%. Two notices issued by the local State Taxation Bureau stipulate that Xi’an Baorun Industrial is to enjoy an enterprise tax exemption for the years from 2004 to the end of 2010. Accordingly, Xi'an Baorun Industrial continued to enjoy such exemption until the expiration of the term of such exemption.
 
The EIT Law further provides preferential tax treatment for enterprises which are qualified as “High and New Technology Enterprises” after January 1, 2008. Xi’an Baorun Industrial was qualified as a High and New Technology Enterprise in 2009 for a period of 3-year from 2009 to 2011.  Thus, it will be subject to a 15.0% tax rate for 2011 in accordance with the EIT Law and other relevant regulations, if we are not able to extend the exemption of the corporate income tax for 2011.
 
Given the short history of the EIT Law, uncertainties remain with respect to its future interpretation and implementation. We cannot guarantee that the preferential tax treatment granted to Xi’an Baorun Industrial will not be challenged and repealed by higher level tax authorities, or that any future implementation rules will be issued that are inconsistent with the current interpretation of the EIT Law. If our operating entities are unable to qualify for income tax holidays, our effective income tax rate will increase significantly and we may have to pay additional income taxes to make up for amounts previously unpaid. This could have a material adverse effect on our operations.
 
Recent PRC regulations relating to the establishment of offshore special purpose companies by PRC residents limit our ability to inject capital into our PRC subsidiaries, limit our PRC subsidiaries’ ability to distribute profits to us or otherwise adversely affect us.
 
The SAFE issued a public notice in October 2005, requiring PRC residents to register with the local SAFE branch before establishing or acquiring the control of any company outside of China for the purpose of financing that offshore company with assets or equity interest in a PRC company. Anytime such special purpose vehicles, or SPVs, have a major capital change event (including overseas equity or convertible bonds financing), all PRC resident stockholders must conduct a registration relating to the change within 30 days of occurrence of the event. On May 29, 2007, the SAFE issued an additional notice, clarifying some outstanding issues and providing standard operating procedures for implementing the prior notice. According to the new notice, the SAFE set up seven schedules that track registration requirements for offshore fundraising and roundtrip investments.
 
In March 2008, Xincheng Gao, who indirectly controls our company, registered with the SAFE’s Shaanxi Branch. We understand that he plans to update his registration to reflect the latest capital changes to each of our SPVs. However, we cannot guarantee that the SAFE will issue the updated registration certificate in a timely manner.
 
Further, pursuant to the above notices, if our PRC resident stockholders or beneficial owners such as Mr. Xincheng Gao fail to adhere to any of the registration requirements, or if they make any false representations to obtain the registration for roundtrip investments in onshore entities or the SPVs, they may face fines and other legal sanctions. In addition, such actions may also impede our ability to contribute additional capital or extend loans to our PRC subsidiaries, impede our PRC subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends or otherwise distribute profits to us, or otherwise adversely affect us.
 
We may face PRC regulatory risks relating to our equity incentive plan.
 
On March 28, 2007, the SAFE promulgated a notice requiring PRC individuals who are granted stock options and other types of stock-based awards by an overseas publicly-listed company to obtain approval from the local SAFE branch through an agent of the overseas publicly-listed company (generally its PRC subsidiary or a financial institution).

 
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We have urged our PRC management personnel, directors, employees and consultants who have been granted stock options under our 2003 Equity Incentive Plan to register them with the local SAFE pursuant to the said regulation. However, we cannot ensure that each of these individuals have carried out all of the required registration procedures.
 
If we, or any of these persons, fail to comply with the relevant rules or requirements, we may be subject to penalties, and may become subject to more stringent review and approval processes with respect to our foreign exchange activities, such as our PRC subsidiaries’ dividend payment to us or borrowing foreign currency loans, all of which may adversely affect our business and financial condition.
 
PRC regulations relating to mergers and acquisitions of domestic enterprises by foreign investors may increase the administrative burden we face and create regulatory uncertainties.
 
On August 8, 2006, six PRC regulatory agencies, namely, the PRC Ministry of Commerce, or the MOFCOM, the State Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, or the SASAC, the State Administration for Taxation, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, and the SAFE, jointly adopted the Regulations on Mergers and Acquisitions of Domestic Enterprises by Foreign Investors , or the M&A Rule, which became effective on September 8, 2006. The M&A Rule purports, among other things, to require SPVs, formed for overseas listing purposes through acquisitions of PRC domestic companies and controlled by PRC companies or individuals, to obtain the approval of the CSRC prior to publicly listing their securities on an overseas stock exchange. Based on our understanding of current PRC laws, we are not sure whether the M&A Rule would require us or our entities in China to obtain the approval from the CSRC or any other regulatory agencies in connection with the transaction contemplated by the Share Exchange Agreement we entered into on October 23, 2007.
 
Further, if the PRC government finds that we or our Chinese stockholders did not obtain the CSRC approval, which the CSRC may think we should have obtained before executing the Share Exchange Agreement or conducting this offering, we could be subject to severe penalties. The M&A Rule does not stipulate the specific penalty terms, so we are not able to predict what penalties we may face, and how such penalties will affect our business operations or future strategy.
 
The Chinese government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities.
 
We are dependent on our relationship with the local government in the province in which we operate our business. The Chinese government has exercised and continues to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. Our ability to operate in China may be harmed by changes in its laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, environmental regulations, land use rights, property and other matters. The central or local governments of these jurisdictions may impose new, stricter regulations or interpretations of existing regulations that would require additional expenditures and efforts on our part to ensure our compliance with such regulations or interpretations. Accordingly, government actions in the future, including any decision not to continue to support recent economic reforms and to return to a more centrally planned economy or regional or local variations in the implementation of economic policies, could have a significant effect on economic conditions in China or particular regions thereof, and could require us to divest ourselves of any interest we then hold in Chinese properties.
 
Future inflation in China may inhibit our ability to conduct business in China.
 
In recent years, the Chinese economy has experienced periods of rapid expansion and high rates of inflation. During the past ten years, the rate of inflation in China has been as high as 20.7% and as low as -2.2%. These factors have led to the adoption by the Chinese government, from time to time, of various corrective measures designed to restrict the availability of credit or regulate growth and contain inflation. High inflation may in the future cause the Chinese government to impose controls on credit and/or prices, or to take other action, which could inhibit economic activity in China, and thereby harm the market for our products.

 
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Government regulations on environmental matters in China may adversely impact our business.
 
Our production facilities are subject to numerous laws, regulations, rules and specifications relating to human health and safety and the environment. These laws and regulations address and regulate, among other matters, wastewater discharge, air quality and the generation, handling, storage, treatment, disposal and transportation of solid and hazardous wastes and releases of hazardous substances into the environment. In addition, third parties and governmental agencies in some cases have the power under such laws and regulations to require remediation of environmental conditions and, in the case of governmental agencies, to impose fines and penalties. We make capital expenditures from time to time to comply with applicable laws and regulations.
 
Pursuant to PRC environmental protection laws and regulations, construction or expansion of a production facility is subject to certain environment impact assessment procedures including obtaining the relevant environmental authorities’ approval for the construction project.
 
All potential environmental liabilities may not have been identified or properly quantified and a prior owner, operator, or tenant may have created an environmental condition unknown to us. We may be potentially liable for damages or cleanup, investigation or remediation costs in connection with the ownership and operation of our properties (including locations to which we may have sent waste in the past) and the conduct of our business.
 
State and local environmental regulatory requirements change often. Future laws, ordinances or regulations might impose material environmental liability or the current environmental condition of the properties could in the future be affected by the condition of land or operations in the vicinity of the properties (such as the presence of underground storage tanks), or by third parties unrelated to us. Moreover, it is possible that compliance with a new regulatory requirement could impose significant compliance costs on us. Such costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Uncertainties with respect to the PRC legal system could adversely affect us and we may have limited legal recourse under PRC law if disputes arise under our contracts with third parties.
 
Since 1979, PRC legislation and regulations have significantly enhanced the protections afforded to various forms of foreign investments in China. However, China has not developed a fully integrated legal system and recently enacted laws and regulations may not sufficiently cover all aspects of economic activities in China in particular, because these laws and regulations are relatively new, and because of the limited volume of published decisions and their non-binding nature, the interpretation and enforcement of these laws and regulations involve uncertainties. In addition, the PRC legal system is based in part on government policies and internal rules (some of which are not published on a timely basis or at all) that may have a retroactive effect. As a result, we may not be aware of our violation of these policies and rules until some time after violation.
 
The Chinese government has enacted some laws and regulations dealing with matters such as corporate organization and governance, foreign investment, commerce, taxation and trade. However, their experience in implementing, interpreting and enforcing these laws and regulations is limited, and our ability to enforce commercial claims or to resolve commercial disputes is unpredictable. The resolution of these matters may be subject to the exercise of considerable discretion by agencies of the Chinese government, and forces unrelated to the legal merits of a particular matter or dispute may influence their determination. Any rights we may have to specific performance, or to seek an injunction under PRC law, in either of these cases, are severely limited, and without a means of recourse by virtue of the Chinese legal system, we may be unable to prevent these situations from occurring. The occurrence of any such events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
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We must comply with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
 
We are required to comply with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which prohibits U.S. companies from engaging in bribery or other prohibited payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Foreign companies, including some of our competitors, are not subject to these prohibitions. Certain of our suppliers are owned by the PRC government and our dealings with them are likely to be considered to be with government officials for these purposes. Corruption, extortion, bribery, pay-offs, theft and other fraudulent practices occur from time-to-time in mainland China. If our competitors engage in these practices, they may receive preferential treatment from personnel of some companies, giving our competitors an advantage in securing business or from government officials who might give them priority in obtaining new licenses, which would put us at a disadvantage. We could suffer severe penalties if our employees or other agents were found to have engaged in such practices.
 
Risks Related to Our Common Stock

Techniques employed by manipulative short sellers in Chinese small cap stocks may drive down the market price of our common stock.

Short selling is the practice of selling securities that the seller does not own but rather has, supposedly, borrowed from a third party with the intention of buying identical securities back at a later date to return to the lender. The short seller hopes to profit from a decline in the value of the securities between the sale of the borrowed securities and the purchase of the replacement shares, as the short seller expects to pay less in that purchase than it received in the sale.   As it is therefore in the short seller’s best interests for the price of the stock to decline, many short sellers (sometime known as “disclosed shorts”) publish, or arrange for the publication of, negative opinions regarding the relevant issuer and its business prospects in order to create negative market momentum and generate profits for themselves after selling a stock short.  While traditionally these disclosed shorts were limited in their ability to access mainstream business media or to otherwise create negative market rumors, the rise of the Internet and technological advancements regarding document creation, videotaping and publication by weblog (“blogging”) have allowed many disclosed shorts to publicly attack a company’s credibility, strategy and veracity by means of so-called research reports that mimic the type of investment analysis performed by large Wall Street firm and independent research analysts.  These short attacks have, in the past, led to selling of shares in the market, on occasion in large scale and broad base.  Issuers with business operations based in China and who have limited trading volumes and are susceptible to higher volatility levels than U.S. domestic large-cap stocks, can be particularly vulnerable to such short attacks.

These short seller publications are not regulated by any governmental, self-regulatory organization or other official authority in the U.S., are not subject to the certification requirements imposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission in Regulation AC (Regulation Analyst Certification) and, accordingly, the opinions they express may be based on distortions of actual facts or, in some cases, fabrications of facts.  In light of the limited risks involved in publishing such information, and the enormous profit that can be made from running just one successful short attack, unless the short sellers become subject to significant penalties, it is more likely than not that disclosed shorts will continue to issue such reports.

While we intend to strongly defend our public filings against any such short seller attacks, oftentimes we are constrained, either by principles of freedom of speech, applicable state law (often called “Anti-SLAPP statutes”), or issues of commercial confidentiality, in the manner in which we can proceed against the relevant short seller.  You should be aware that in light of the relative freedom to operate that such persons enjoy – oftentimes blogging from outside the U.S. with little or no assets or identity requirements – should we be targeted for such an attack, our stock will likely suffer from a temporary, or possibly long term, decline in market price should the rumors created not be dismissed by market participants.

 
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We have had a short interest arranging from 1.9 million shares to 3.9 million shares for the past six months representing approximately 16.4% to 25% of our public float and we have been singled out in articles and blogs as an issuer with a high short interest.  Accordingly, the price and trading volume of our stock is vulnerable to extreme fluctuations.  Most recently, on November 29, 2010, a short seller published a report with inaccurate facts and misleading allegations against the Company which continues to be disseminated through chatter on the internet.  Although the Company has responded to these allegations, the Company’s high stock price as of April 15, 2010 was $12.31 as compared to a high of $9.55 on November 10, 2010, immediately after to the release of the report.   The trading volume of the Company’s stock was approximately 695,900 shares the day the report was published as compared to its average daily trading volume over the three month period prior to the report of 266,000 shares. On December 1, 2010, another short seller published a report with inaccurate facts and misleading allegations against the Company which continues to be disseminated through chatter on the internet. The trading volume of the Company’s stock was approximately 2,166,800 shares the day the report was published. The Company’s stock price further decreased to $7.29 per share. There are predictions that 2011 will bring more short seller attacks against Chinese companies.  Although we will continue to educate investors that the November 2010 allegations were inaccurate and misleading, the price of our stock remains vulnerable to the continuing attacks by this and any other short seller.]
 
The outstanding warrants may adversely affect us in the future and cause dilution to existing stockholders.
 
We currently have warrants outstanding to purchase up to 5,130,131shares of our common stock. The term of these warrants expire between August 2011 and 2013 and the exercise prices range from $3.00 to $10.00 per share. Exercise of the warrants may cause dilution in the equity interests of other stockholders as a result of the additional common stock that would be issued upon exercise. In addition, sales of the shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants could have a depressive effect on the price of our stock, particularly if there is not a coinciding increase in demand by purchasers of our common stock. Further, the terms on which we may obtain additional financing during the period any of the warrants remain outstanding may be adversely affected by the existence of these warrants.
 
Volatility in our common stock price may subject us to securities litigation.
 
Stock markets, in general, have experienced in recent months, and continue to experience, significant price and volume volatility, and the market price of our common stock may continue to be subject to similar market fluctuations unrelated to our operating performance or prospects. This increased volatility, coupled with depressed economic conditions, could continue to have a depressing effect on the market price of our common stock. Over the past 12 months, the sales price of our common stock has fluctuated between $12.31 and $5.82. The following factors, many of which are beyond our control, may influence our stock price:
 
 
·
announcements of technological or competitive developments;
 
 
·
regulatory developments in the PRC affecting us, our customers or our competitors;
 
 
·
announcements regarding patent or other intellectual property litigation or the issuance of patents to us or our competitors or updates with respect to the enforceability of patents or other intellectual property rights generally in the PRC or internationally;
 
 
·
actual or anticipated fluctuations in our quarterly operating results;
 
 
·
changes in financial estimates by securities research analysts;
 
 
·
changes in the economic performance or market valuations of our competitors;
 
 
·
addition or departure of our executive officers;
 
 
·
release or expiration of lock-up or other transfer restrictions on our outstanding common stock; and

 
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·
sales or perceived sales of additional shares of our common stock.
 
In addition, the securities market has, from time to time, experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are not related to the operating performance of particular companies. Any of these factors could result in large and sudden changes in the volume and trading price of our common stock and could cause our stockholders to incur substantial losses. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, stockholders have often instituted securities class action litigation against that company. If we were involved in a class action suit or other securities litigation, it would divert the attention of our senior management, require us to incur significant expense and, whether or not adversely determined, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
 
We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.
 
We do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Presently, we intend to retain all of our earnings, if any, to finance development and expansion of our business. PRC capital and currency regulations may also limit our ability to pay dividends. Consequently, your only opportunity to achieve a positive return on your investment in us will be if the market price of our common stock appreciates.
 
We will have discretion in applying a portion of the net proceeds of the registered direct offerings and may not use these proceeds in ways that will enhance the market value of our common stock.
 
Our management will have considerable discretion in the application of the proceeds received by us from the registered direct offerings completed in December 2010 and January 2011. Such proceeds may be used to expand biodiesel capacity expansion and working capital for wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products and general corporate purposes. The investors will not have the opportunity, as part of the investors’ investment decision, to assess whether the proceeds are being used appropriately. The investors must rely on the judgment of our management regarding the application of the net proceeds of the registered direct offerings. The net proceeds may be used for corporate purposes that do not improve our profitability or increase our common stock price. The net proceeds from the registered direct offerings may also be placed in investments that do not produce income or that lose value.
 
The investors’ ability to bring an action against us or against our directors and officer, or to enforce a judgment against us or them, will be limited because we conduct substantially all of our operations in the PRC and because the majority of our directors and officers reside outside of the United States.
 
We are a Delaware holding company and most of our assets are located outside of the United States. Most of our current operations are conducted in the PRC. In addition, most of our directors and officers are nationals and residents of countries other than the United States. A substantial portion of the assets of these persons is located outside the United States. As a result, it may be difficult for investors to effect service of process within the United States upon these persons. It may also be difficult for investors to enforce in U.S. courts judgments on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws against us and our officers and directors, most of whom are not residents in the United States and the substantial majority of whose assets are located outside of the United States. In addition, there is uncertainty as to whether the courts of the PRC would recognize or enforce judgments of U.S. courts. Our counsel as to PRC law has advised us that the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments are provided for under the PRC Civil Procedures Law . Courts in the PRC may recognize and enforce foreign judgments in accordance with the requirements of the PRC Civil Procedures Law based on treaties between the PRC and the country where the judgment is made or on reciprocity between jurisdictions. The PRC does not have any treaties or other arrangements that provide for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments with the United States. In addition, according to the PRC Civil Procedures Law , courts in the PRC will not enforce a foreign judgment against us or our directors and officers if they decide that the judgment violates basic principles of PRC law or national sovereignty, security or the public interest. So it is uncertain whether a PRC court would enforce a judgment rendered by a court in the United States.
 
 
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Anti-takeover provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law and some provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws could have a material adverse effect on the rights of holders of our common stock.
 
We are subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. This provision generally prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any business combination with any interested stockholder for a period of three years following the date the stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:
 
 
·
prior to such date, the board of directors approved either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder;
 
 
·
upon consummation of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85.0% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding those shares owned by persons who are directors and officers and by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
 
 
·
on or subsequent to such date, the business combination is approved by the Board of Directors and authorized at an annual meeting or special meeting of stockholders and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66.7% of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.
 
Section 203 defines a business combination to include:
 
 
·
any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
 
 
·
any sale, transfer, pledge or other disposition of 10.0% or more of the assets of the corporation involving the interested stockholder;
 
 
·
subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;
 
 
·
any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock of any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; or
 
 
·
the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits provided by or through the corporation.
 
In general, Section 203 defines an “interested stockholder” as any entity or person beneficially owning 15.0% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a corporation, or an affiliate or associate of the corporation and was the owner of 15.0% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a corporation at any time within three years prior to the time of determination of interested stockholder status; and any entity or person affiliated with or controlling or controlled by such entity or person.
 
Anti-takeover provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law, may make it more difficult to acquire our company or effect a change in control of our company, even if an acquisition or change in control would be in the interest of our stockholders or if an acquisition or change in control would provide our stockholders with a premium for their shares over then current market prices.
 
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that could have the effect of discouraging potential acquisition proposals or tender offers or delaying or preventing a change in control of our company, including changes a stockholder might consider favorable. In particular, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as applicable, among other things, provide that:
 
 
·
our Board of Directors shall have the ability to alter our bylaws without stockholder approval;

 
48

 
 
 
·
an advance notice procedure with regard to the nomination of candidates for election as directors and with regard to business to be brought before a meeting of stockholders; and
 
 
·
vacancies on our Board of Directors may be filled by a majority of directors in office, although less than a quorum.
 
Such provisions may have the effect of discouraging a third party from acquiring our company, even if doing so would be beneficial to its stockholders. These provisions are intended to enhance the likelihood of continuity and stability in the composition of our board of directors and in the policies formulated by them, and to discourage some types of transactions that may involve an actual or threatened change in control of our company. These provisions are designed to reduce our vulnerability to an unsolicited acquisition proposal and to discourage some tactics that may be used in proxy fights.
 
However, these provisions could have the effect of discouraging others from making tender offers for our shares. These provisions also may have the effect of preventing changes in our management.
 
One of our directors and officers controls a majority of our common stock and his interests may not align with the interests of our other stockholders.
 
Mr. Xincheng Gao, our chairman, chief executive officer and president, through Redsky Group, which he controls, currently beneficially owns approximately 60.9% of our issued and outstanding common stock as of December 31, 2010. This significant concentration of share ownership may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock because investors often perceive a disadvantage in owning shares in a company with one or several controlling stockholders. Furthermore, our directors and officers, as a group, have the ability to significantly influence or control the outcome of all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions, such as mergers, consolidations or the sale of substantially all of our assets. This concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company which could deprive our stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their shares as part of a sale of our company and might reduce the price of our common stock. In addition, without the consent of Mr. Gao or Redsky Group, we could be prevented from entering into transactions that could be beneficial to us. Mr. Gao or Redsky Group may cause us to take actions that are opposed by other stockholders as his interests may differ from those of other stockholders.
 
Future issuances of capital stock may depress the trading price of our common stock.
 
Any issuance of shares of our common stock after this offering could dilute the interests of our existing stockholders and could substantially decrease the trading price of our common stock. We may issue additional shares of common stock in the future for a number of reasons, including to finance our operations and business strategy (including in connection with acquisitions, strategic collaborations or other transactions).
 
Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market could depress the market price of our common stock, and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional equity securities. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our common stock or other equity-related securities would have on the market price of our common stock.
 
 
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Not applicable.
 
 
Item 2.
Description of Property.
 
We entered into a lease agreement with Northwest Fire-resistant Materials Factory in April 2006, which was amended in July 2008, whereby we were granted the right to use a piece of land located in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province for building our biodiesel production facility. We pay an annual rent of RMB 700,000 which is paid in four installments each year during the term of the lease agreement. This agreement has a term of eight years ending in June 2016.

 
49

 
 
We also entered into a lease with Northwest Fire Resistant Materials Factory in January 2010, whereby we were granted the right to use another piece of land located in Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province to build an additional 50,000-ton biodiesel production facility. The lease has a term of 15 years, ending in January 2025. We pay an annual rent of RMB 800,000, the first 3 years of which have been paid in a lump-sum (i.e., RMB 2,400,000). The rent shall continue to be paid on an annual basis for the remaining term of the lease.
 
We believe our facilities are currently suitable and adequate for our current needs.
 
The following table summarizes, by business segment, the location of real properties leased and owned by us.

Business Segment
 
Use of Property
 
Address
 
Lease Term
Production and Sale of Biodiesel
 
Biodiesel production facility
 
Space within the Northwest Fire-resistant Materials Factory, Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2006 – 2016
Production and Sale of Biodiesel
 
Biodiesel production facility
 
Space within the Northwest Fire-resistant Materials Factory, Tongchuan City, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2010 – 2025
Production and Sale of Biodiesel
 
Biodiesel production facility
 
Shita Village, Splendor Base, Longqiao County, Fuling District, Chongqing Municipal, China
 
Owned
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Xinyuan Gas
Station
 
Xinhua Village, Disai Town, Baqiao District, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
Owned
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Lantian Gas Station
 
Xihou Village, Hongqing Community, Baqiao District, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2009 – 2038
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Fangwei Road Gas
Station
 
Fangwei Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2009 – 2039
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Northern Gas
Station in Yang
County Service
Stations
 
Yang County Service Stations, Xihan Expressway, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2008 – 2023
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Southern Gas
Station in Yang
County Service
Stations
 
Yang County Service Stations, Xihan Expressway, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2008 – 2023
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Northern Gas
Station in Cheng
County Service
Stations
 
Cheng County Service Stations, Xiyu Expressway, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2008 – 2023
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Southern Gas
Station in Cheng
County Service
Stations
 
Cheng County Service Stations, Xihan Expressway, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2008 – 2023
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Chan’an Lanlian
Gas Station
 
Section Weiqubeiyuan, Chang’an South Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2010 – 2025
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Andong Gas Station
 
Liu Village North, Baling Town, Baqiao District, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2009 – 2029
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Jindou Gas Station
 
Xihu Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2009 – 2019
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Huafu Gas Station
 
Hongguang Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China
 
2010 – 2020
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
 
Jinzheng Gas
Station
 
Southern section of Changhong Road, Qindu District, Xianyang, Shaanxi Province, China
 
Owned
Operation of Retail Gas Stations
  
Shenmu Gas Station
  
Shenmu County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province,
China
  
Owned
 
 
50

 
 
We believe our facilities are currently suitable and adequate for our current needs.
 
 
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
 
In the normal course of business, we may be subject to claims and litigation. We are not a party to any material legal proceedings nor are we aware of any circumstance that may reasonably lead a third party to initiate legal proceedings against us.
 
 
Item 4.
(Removed and Reserved)
 
PART II
 
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
Our common stock is listed for trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market, or NASDAQ, under the symbol “CBEH.” Before June 26, 2009, our common stock was traded in the over-the-counter market and quoted through the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board, or OTCBB, under the same symbol. The following table sets forth the high and low bid prices for our common stock prior to June 26, 2009 as reported by the OTCBB, and the high and low sale prices for our common stock from June 26 through June 30 and for subsequent periods, as reported by NASDAQ. The OTCBB quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commissions, and may not represent actual transactions.

Quarter Ending:
 
High
   
Low
 
             
Fiscal Year 2009
           
First Quarter
    4.50       2.75  
Second Quarter (through June 26)
    6.00       3.50  
Second Quarter (June 26 through June 30)
    6.00       5.00  
Third Quarter
    8.19       4.80  
Fourth Quarter
    8.05       5.75  
                 
Fiscal Year 2010
               
First Quarter
    10.60       6.78  
Second Quarter
    12.12       7.60  
Third Quarter
    9.52       6.07  
Fourth Quarter
    9.93       6.45  
 
Holders of Record
 
As of March 12, 2011, there were 234 holders of record of our common stock.  This number does not include beneficial holders of our common stock, who hold their shares in accounts through brokers or banks.
 
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
 
There were no unregistered sales of equity securities that were not reported on a Current Report on Form 8-K or in a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
Dividends
 
We have never paid any dividends and we plan to retain earnings, if any, for use in the development of our business.

 
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Under current PRC regulations, wholly foreign-owned enterprises and Sino-foreign equity joint ventures in the PRC may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Additionally, these foreign-invested enterprises are required to set aside certain amounts of their accumulated profits each year, if any, to fund certain reserve funds. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. Payment of future dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of the Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including current financial condition, operating results and current and anticipated cash needs.
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
See “Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” for disclosure regarding our Equity Compensation Plans.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
None.
 
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
 
Although the Company is an accelerated filer as of December 31, 2010, this disclosure has been omitted because the Company is subject to the smaller reporting company disclosure requirements for this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
 
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
Forward Looking Statements
 
This annual report on Form 10-K and other reports filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (collectively the “Filings”) contain or may contain forward-looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, the Company’s management as well as estimates and assumptions made by Company’s management. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are only predictions and speak only as of the date hereof. When used in the Filings, the words “anticipate”, “believe”, “estimate”, “expect”, “future”, “intend”, “plan”, or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to the Company or the Company’s management identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current view of the Company with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors (including the risks contained in the section of this report entitled “Risk Factors”) relating to the Company’s industry, the Company’s operations and results of operations, and any businesses that the Company may acquire. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended, or planned.
 
Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, the Company does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made throughout the entirety of this annual report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.
 
Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Our financial statements would be affected to the extent there are material differences between these estimates and actual results. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result.

 
52

 
 
OVERVIEW
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand our operations and our present business environment. MD&A is provided as a supplement to—and should be read in conjunction with—our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto contained in “Item 8. Financial Statements of this report. This overview summarizes the MD&A, which includes the following sections:
 
 
·
Our Business— a general overview of our three business segments and the material opportunities and challenges of our business.
 
 
·
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates— a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgments and estimates.
 
 
·
Results of Operations —an analysis of our Company’s consolidated results of operations for the two years presented in our consolidated financial statements. Except to the extent that differences among our operating segments are material to an understanding of our business as a whole, we present the discussion in the MD&A on a consolidated basis.
 
 
·
Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position— an analysis of cash flows; an overview of financial position.
 
The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions such as statements of our plans, objectives, expectations, and intentions. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements because of the risks and uncertainties inherent in future events.
 
Our Business

Company Overview

We are a leading non-state-owned integrated energy company in China engaged in three business segments, wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products, production and sale of biodiesel, and operation of retail gas stations.

We operate four oil depots located in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, access to a 2.65 kilometer special transportation rail track, one 100,000 ton biodiesel production plant located in Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province and one 50,000 ton biodiesel production plant located in Chongqing, China. Our major market is China. Currently, our products are sold in 16 provinces and municipalities of China covering Shaanxi Province, Henan Province, Hebei Province, Shandong Province, Shanxi Province, Hunan Province, Hubei Province, Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Fujian Province, Xinjiang Province, Beijing, Guangxi Province, Gansu Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

Fluctuations in Fuel Prices During 2010

The retail prices of gasoline and diesel, or finished oil sold in the PRC, are subject to the government guiding ceiling price. In order to link domestic oil prices more closely to changes in the global crude oil prices in a controlled manner, the Administrative Measures on Oil Prices promulgated by the National Development and Reform Commission (“NDRC”) in the PRC on May 7, 2009 stipulates that the NDRC will adjust domestic finished oil prices when the international market price for crude oil changes more than 4.0% over 22 consecutive working days.  The NDRC adjusts domestic finished oil prices by modifying the retail price cap for gasoline and diesel in all provinces and such adjustment has upstream pricing effect over wholesale of finished oil and also tends to limit the market price of biodiesel. Details of the price adjustments during 2010 are as follows:

On April 14, 2010, the NDRC increased the price cap for gasoline and diesel from $1,075 to $1,124 and from $964 to $1,012, respectively, from the previous price adjustment on November 9, 2009. On June 1, 2010, the retail price cap was decreased by $34 per ton or 3.1% and $32 per ton or 3.3%, respectively, followed by an increase to reach the price level effective April 14, 2010 and a further increase of $46 per ton or 4.2% and $44 per ton or 4.5%, respectively on December 22, 2010.

The above increase and decrease in retail price cap reflect the fluctuation of global crude oil prices. As a result, the average sales price of our gasoline and diesel increased from $715 per ton in 2009 to $852 per ton in 2010, representing a 19.2% increase.

Tax Exemptions

NDRC, the Ministry of Finance and other governmental departments are formulating relevant policies such as subsidies, refunds of Value Added Taxes (“VAT”) and relief on consumption tax, corporate income tax and consumption tax to encourage bio-diesel consumption. As a result, Xi’an Baorun Industrial is exempt from corporate income tax through the end of calendar year 2010 and we are exempt from consumption tax.

Growth and Expansion Plans

Management plans to focus on growing its biodiesel production, its distribution business, and expanding the footprint of its retail gas stations. With respect to the distribution and retail business, we benefit from our advantageous location, well-established supplier relationships, as well as an extensive distribution network that has valuable railway access to reach remote parts of China that other distribution companies located in Shaanxi Province cannot currently reach.

We also plan to expand our current biodiesel production capacity. We are currently constructing a new 50,000 ton biodiesel production facility adjacent to our existing 100,000 ton biodiesel production plant located in Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province and we expect such construction to be completed in the first quarter of 2011. We are also in the process of negotiating to acquire a chemical production plant located in Hainan Province for the purpose of constructing a new 300,000 ton biodiesel production facility. We expect to complete such acquisition by the end of the first quarter of 2011 and the construction of the Phase I 200,000 ton biodiesel production facility is expected to be completed within fourteen months after the closing of the acquisition. We have historically been able to secure a sufficient supply of raw materials and we will continue to work towards securing more long-term sources of raw materials and to seek new technology in the bio-energy field to improve production efficiency. We will continue pursuing strategic acquisitions that will quickly provide financial benefits to us.

In connection with the increase in production capacity, we have identified enough customer demands and sources, primarily power plants and diesel distributors in those jurisdictions where biodiesel is required to be used to blend diesel as a result of the government’s energy saving and emission reduction initiatives in China.

 
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For wholesale and retail of other oil products, we anticipate to benefit from the increase in demand of oil products associated with the general economic growth in China. We plan to expand our wholesale distribution network and strengthen our outreach in certain key distribution areas. We are currently under negotiation to acquire a finished oil distributor in Chongqing and expect to enter into a definitive acquisition agreement by the end of the first quarter in 2011. In view of the increase in cost to acquire and to lease gas stations, we anticipate to slow down the acquisition and lease of additional gas stations.

Management believes the increase in sales volume from these initiatives will not only offset the impact from fluctuation in fuel pricing, but also favorably impact overall profits and cash flow.

For 2009 and 2010, our five largest customers represented 39.1% and 38.1% of our total sales, respectively. Our largest customer in 2009 and 2010, Sinopec, accounted for 26.6% and 25.4% of our total sales, respectively.

Public Equity Financing

On December 28, 2010, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with certain investors in a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 2,185,716 shares of the Company’s common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share and 2,185,716 warrants.  The total gross proceeds received were $15,300,012.  Underwriting commissions, legal fees and offering expenses were $1,035,694 and were recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in-capital.

Basis of Presentations

Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, assumptions, and estimates that affect the amounts represented in the consolidated financial statements. Note 2 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements describe the major accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.

The following are considered to be the Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates:

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest.  The Group maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses inherent in its accounts receivable portfolio.  In establishing the required allowance, management considers historical losses adjusted to take into account current market conditions and the customers’ financial condition, the amount of receivables in dispute, and the current receivables aging and current payment patterns.  The Group reviews its allowance for doubtful accounts monthly.  Past due balances are reviewed individually for collectability.  Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.  Individual credit evaluations are performed on all customers requiring credit.  These evaluations focus on the customer’s past history of making payments when due and current ability to pay, and take into account information specific to the customer as well as pertaining to the economic environment in which the customer operates.  Based on historical collections, there was no allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, as the Group did not experience any uncollectible accounts receivable and bad debt write-off over the past years.

Inventories

We value our finished goods inventory at the lower of cost or market value. Cost includes cost of direct labor and raw materials, as well as allocation of variable and fixed production overhead. Variable production overheads are allocated to each unit of production based on the actual use of the production facilities. Fixed production overheads are allocated to the cost of conversion based on the normal capacity of the production facilities. We define normal production capacity as being a reasonable level of production volume supported by sufficient customer demand without any abnormal equipment downtime due to shortages of materials and labor, taking into consideration the loss of production capacity resulting from planned maintenances. We would write down the cost of excessive inventory. The factors considered in evaluating whether excessive inventory exists are:

 
our forecast of future demand, including existing customers’ order and forecasted orders; and

 
the expiration date for the specific products.


Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost.  Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is calculated on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets.  Estimated useful lives are as follows:

Building
20 years
Production equipment
10 years
Office Equipment
5 years
Vehicles
5 years

 
54

 
 
Costs incurred during the construction and installation of the assets are initially capitalized as construction in progress and transferred into property, plant and equipment when the assets are ready for their intended use, at which time depreciation commences.  No depreciation charge is provided in respect of construction in progress.  There have been no changes to the estimated useful lives and residual values during each of the two years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010.
 
Revenue Recognition

For sales of finished oil, heavy oil products, and bio-diesel, revenue is recognized when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery is completed, no other significant obligations of the Group exist and collectability is reasonably assured.  For gas station retail sales, revenue is recognized and cash is collected upon completion of fuel sales to customers.

The Group’s revenue is net of value added tax (“VAT”) collected on behalf of tax authorities in respect of the sale of merchandise. VAT collected from customers, net of VAT paid for purchases, is recorded as a liability on the balance sheet until it is paid to the tax authorities.

The Group does not provide sales returns, price protection or any other concessions to its customers.
   
Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and tax loss and tax credit carry forwards.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income in the period that includes the enactment date.  A valuation allowance is provided to reduce the amount of deferred tax assets if it is considered more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company recognizes in the consolidated financial statements the impact of a tax position, if that position is more likely than not of being sustained upon examination, based on the technical merits of the position.  Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized.  Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs.  The Company records interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

Xi’an Baorun Industrial has obtained corporate income tax exemption for the period from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2010. We believe that the above tax holiday is in effect for all periods presented. Currently, the PRC is in a period of growth and is openly promoting business development in clean energy and advanced and new technology areas. Tax holiday is one of the many methods used to promote such business development. Had the above tax holiday for corporate income tax not been in effect, we estimate that the pro forma financial impact would be as follows:
 
   
Years ended December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
   
(pro forma)
   
(pro forma)
 
Net income before income taxes
  $ 54,045,802     $ 37,870,963  
Tax provision
    (16,281,954 )     (10,774,363 )
Net income
    37,763,848       27,096,600  
Earnings per share - basic
    1.12       0.96  
Earnings per share - diluted
  $ 0.89     $ 0.75  
 
According to the prevailing PRC income tax law and its relevant regulations, non-PRC-resident enterprises are levied withholding tax at 10%, unless reduced by tax treaties or similar arrangements, on dividends from their PRC-resident investees for earnings accumulated beginning on January 1, 2008, and undistributed earnings generated prior to January 1, 2008 are exempt from such withholding tax.  Further, the Company’s distribution from its PRC subsidiary and the consolidated variable interest entity are subject to the U.S. federal income tax at 34%, less any applicable foreign tax credits.  Due to the Group’s policy of reinvested permanently its earnings in its PRC business, the Group has not provided for deferred income tax liabilities for U.S. federal income tax purposes on its PRC subsidiary and consolidated variable interest entity’s undistributed earnings of $141,468,000 and $83,175,000 as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
 
 
55

 
 
Variable Interest Entity
 
We do not own any equity interest in Xi’an Baorun Industrial. In order to meet domestic ownership requirements under PRC law, which restricts foreign companies from operating in the finished oil and biodiesel industry, our wholly-owned subsidiaries entered into a series of contractual agreements with Xi’an Baorun Industrial, which allow us, among other things, to secure significant rights to control Xi’an Baorun Industrial’s business operations, policies and management, to approve all matters requiring stockholder approvals, and give us the right to receive service fee on a monthly basis from Xi’an Baorun Industrial equal to 100% of the monthly net income of Xi’an Baorun Industrial. In addition, to ensure that Xi’an Baorun Industrial and its stockholders perform their obligations under these contractual arrangements, the stockholders have pledged to Redsky Industrial all of their equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial. If and when the current restrictions under PRC law on foreign ownership of Chinese companies engaging in the finished oil and biodiesel industry in China are lifted, Baorun China Group may exercise its option to purchase the equity interests in Xi’an Baorun Industrial directly.

In accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2009-17 issued by Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), Baorun China Group is considered to be the primary beneficiary of Xi’an Baorun Industrial and the financial statements of Xi’an Baorun Industrial have been consolidated in our consolidated financial statements.  Upon the execution of the above contractual agreements and arrangements, Baorun China Group is able to (i) direct the activities of Xi’an Baorun Industrial that most significantly impact their economic performance; and (ii) absorb losses and receive benefits from Xi’an Baorun Industrial that could potentially be significant to them.

Total assets and total liabilities of Xi’an Baorun as of December 31, 2010 in the amount of $248,704,282 and $34,023,604, and sales and net income of Xi’an Baorun for the year ended December 31, 2010 in the amount of $438,682,654 and $58,182,434, have been included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Stock-based Compensation

The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award and recognizes the cost over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award, which generally is the vesting period.  The amount of cost recognized is adjusted to reflect the number of share options that are forfeited prior to vesting.

Stock option activity during the period indicated is as follows:
 
         
Weighted
   
Weighted
average
       
         
average
   
remaining
       
   
Number
   
exercise prices
   
contractual term
   
Aggregate
 
   
of options
   
per share
   
in years
   
intrinsic value
 
                         
Balance at December 31, 2008
    40,000     $ 4.00       9.88        
Granted
    20,000       7.09                
Balance at December 31, 2009
    60,000     $ 5.03       7.91        
Granted
    2,912,000       7.09                
Exercised
    35,000       7.04                
Forfeited
    25,000       7.04                
Balance at December 31, 2010
    2,912,000     $ 7.05       5.18     $ 925,680  
Exercisable at December 31, 2010
    468,550     $ 6.82       5.51     $ 247,375  

As of December 31, 2010, there was $11,878,657 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options.  That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.92 years.

 
56

 
 
Summary of assumptions for the valuation of stock options granted based on the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 is as follows:

   
Options granted in 2010
   
Options granted in 2009
 
             
Expected dividend yield
 
Nil
   
Nil
 
Expected volatility
    76.96~87.99 %     87.99 %
Risk-free interest rate
    0.08~3.36 %     0.06 %
Expected term
 
6~10 years
   
6 years
 
Fair value of underlying common stock (per share)
    6.75~8.89       7.04  

The Black-Scholes Option Pricing model incorporates expected various and highly subjective assumption. The Company estimates the expected volatility of its common stock using a weighted-average historical volatility of the Company’s common stock. The risk free interest rate assumption is determined using the Federal Reserve nominal rates for U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with maturities similar to those of the expected term of the award being valued. There is no expected dividend yield, as the Company has not paid dividend and does not anticipate to pay dividend over the term of the grants.

Results of Operations

Comparison of Results of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2010 and 2009

   
Years ended December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Sales
           
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 273,082,322     $ 195,864,501  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    74,916,830       55,794,525  
Operation of retail gas stations
    90,683,502       37,913,027  
Total
  $ 438,682,654     $ 289,572,053  
                 
Cost of sales
               
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 244,638,195     $ 175,325,275  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    52,040,039       39,964,368  
Operation of retail gas stations
    78,820,697       32,811,696  
Total
  $ 375,498,931     $ 248,101,339  
                 
Gross profit
               
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 28,444,127     $ 20,539,226  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    22,876,791       15,830,157  
Operation of retail gas stations
    11,862,805       5,101,331  
Total
  $ 63,183,723     $ 41,470,714  
                 
Total assets
               
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 146,617,588     $ 111,795,742  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    58,380,686       16,407,300  
Operation of retail gas stations
    59,473,460       35,370,619  
Total
  $ 264,471,734     $ 163,573,661  
                 
Capital expenditures
               
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 161,196     $ 370,564  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    33,162,675       -  
Operation of retail gas stations
    15,579,183       -  
Total
  $ 48,903,054     $ 370,564  
                 
Depreciation and amortization
               
Wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil
  $ 230,910     $ 161,511  
Production and sale of biodiesel
    991,015       984,027  
Operation of retail gas stations
    416,144       -  
Total
  $ 1,638,069     $ 1,145,538  

 
57

 
 
The following table sets forth the results of our operations for the periods indicated as a percentage of net sales:

   
Years ended December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
   
$
   
% of
Sales
   
$
   
% of
Sales
 
Sales
    438,682,654       100.0 %     289,572,053       100.0 %
Cost of sales
    375,498,931       85.6 %     248,101,339       85.7 %
Gross profit
    63,183,723       14.4 %     41,470,714       14.3 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    8,938,859       2.0 %     3,976,121       1.4 %
Income from operations
    54,244,864       12.4 %     37,494,593       12.9 %
Other (expenses) / Income
    (199,062 )     (0.0 ) %     376,370       0.1 %
Earnings before income tax
    54,045,802       12.3 %     37,870,963       13.1 %

Sales. Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2010 were approximately $438.7 million compared to $289.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $149.1 million, or 51.5%. The increase was mainly attributable to the growth in wholesale distribution and retail gas station segments. We have continued to expand new sales channels and territories. We are conducting business in sixteen provinces and special districts compared to fourteen provinces for the year ended December 31, 2009.  We have also increased in-depth penetration to the existing sales territories and our existing customers. The number of customers in our wholesale distribution segment has grown from 1,180 in 2009 to 1,213 in 2010.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, sales from wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products was $273.1 million compared to $195.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $77.2 million or 39.4%. The sales volume of wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products increased by 57,000 tons, or 20.3% from the year ended December 31, 2009.The weighted average price increased by 15.8% from the year ended December 31, 2009. For the year ended December 31, 2010, sales from our retail gas station segment was $90.7 million, compared to $37.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $52.8 million or 139.2% as a result of the increase in the number of fully operational gas stations from 7 in 2009 to 13 in 2010 and an increase in sales volume per gas station.  $38.3 million came from locations not in operation a year ago. Same-location growth was $14.5 million. For the year ended December 31, 2010, sales from production and sales of biodiesel were $74.9 million compared to $55.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $19.1 million or 34.3% primarily resulted from the increase of sales business with our existing biodiesel customers. The sales volume of biodiesel increased by 9,800 tons or 12.5% from the year ended December 31, 2009. The weighted average price increased by 19.4% from the year ended December 31, 2009.

Cost of sales. Cost of sales for the year ended December 31, 2010 was approximately $375.5 million compared to $248.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $127.4 million, or 51.4%.  The increase in cost of sales was attributable to and in line with an increase in production and sales activities during the year of 2010. Cost of sales as a percentage of sales was approximately 85.6% for the year of 2010, compared to 85.7% for the year ended December 31, 2009. For wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products, cost of goods sold as a percentage of sales for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 were 89.6% and 89.5%, respectively. For production and sale of biodiesel, cost of sales as a percentage of sales for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 were 69.5% and 71.6%, respectively. Such decrease was attributable to the scale of economics in production and a higher average selling price in 2010. For our retail gas station operation, cost of sales as a percentage of sales for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 were 86.9% and 86.5%, respectively. Such increase was attributable to the increase of depreciation and lease expenses of our retail gas stations in 2010, as the cost to acquire or to lease the gas stations increased in 2010.

Gross profit. Gross profit was approximately $63.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to approximately $41.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, representing gross margins of approximately 14.4% and 14.3%, respectively.  For the year ended December 31, 2010, the gross profit margin of wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products was 10.4%, production and sale of biodiesel was 30.5%, and operation of retail stations was 13.1%, as compared to 10.5%, 28.4%, and 13.5%, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2009.  The increase in gross margin of biodiesel was attributed to favorable frequent pricing adjustments by the NDRC reflecting global oil pricing and scale of economics in biodiesel production.  The decrease in the gross margin of operation of retail station was attributed to the sales promotion in the first quarter of 2010 for the newly acquired or leased gas stations. The margin for wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products was quite stable as the pricing adjustments by the NDRC affect both our selling price and our purchase price.

 
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Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2010 were approximately $8.9 million compared to $4.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $4.9 million or 124.8%. This increase mainly consisted of the following: 1) a $3.6 million increase in non-cash charges of stock-based compensation from $0.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 to $4.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010, resulted from additional stock options granted to sales and administrative staff for incentive purposes; and 2) a $0.4 million increase in other labor cost of sales and administrative staff, resulting from our business growth and the expansion of distribution channels and territories.  Total operating expenses as a percentage of sales was 2.0% and 1.4% for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We expect to have an increase in other general and administrative expenses in future reporting periods, as our business expands.

Income from operations. Income from operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $54.5 million compared to $37.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Income from operations as a percentage of sales for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 were 12.4% and 12.9%, respectively. The decrease as a percentage of sales was primarily attributable to the increase of stock-based compensation.

Other (expenses) / income. Other income mainly consisted of governmental subsidies received in respect of our biodiesel production. For the year ended December 31, 2010, we received a $0.03 million government subsidy, compared to the receipt of a $0.5 million government subsidy for the year ended December 31, 2009. Other expenses mainly consisted of interest expenses and bank service charges.

Earnings before income tax. The net income for the year ended December 31, 2010 was $54.0 million compared to $37.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $16.1 million or 42.7%.  Our net margin decreased from 13.1% for the year ended December 31, 2009 to 12.3% for the year ended December 31, 2010 primarily due to the increase of stock-based compensation which resulted from our initiatives to increase employee morale in order to further grow our business.

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position

We have historically met the majority of our working capital and other capital requirements principally from cash generated from operations and net proceeds from our offerings.

Our working capital at December 31, 2010 increased by $15.9 million to $137.0 million from $121.2 million at December 31, 2009. The increase in working capital by 13.1% from the year ended December 31, 2009 primarily resulted from increased receipts of sales proceeds during the fourth quarter in a result of the increase in sales.

As of December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $90.3 million and $62.4 million, respectively. We also completed a registered direct offering in January 2011, which generated $23.0 million in net proceeds.

The ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 5.6-to-1 at December 31, 2010, compared to 12.8-to-1 at December 31, 2009. The decrease in the current ratio as of December 31, 2010 was primarily related to an increase in receipts in advances from customers.

At December 31, 2010, our cash and cash equivalents included $14.3 million net proceeds from the registered direct offering completed in December 2010.  The available cash will be used for: 1) a potential acquisition of a finished oil distributor in Chongqing for distribution network expansion purposes; 2) a potential acquisition of a chemical production plant in Hainan Province for additional biodiesel production facility construction purposes; 3) lease of additional gas stations; and 4) working capital to support the growth of the Company. As we are normally required to make up-front payments for purchases of inventories, we anticipate an increase in payments to suppliers as we expand our business.

The following is a summary of cash provided by or used in each of the indicated types of activities during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009.
 
   
Years ended December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Net cash provided by (used in):
           
Operating Activities
  $ 58,180,819     $ 4,360,998  
Investing Activities
    (48,903,054 )     1,145,386  
Financing Activities
    16,463,432       33,748,099  
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    2,100,578       41,932  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    62,415,443       23,119,028  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
    90,257,218       62,415,443  

 
59

 
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, net cash provided by operating activities increased by $53.8 million to $58.2 million from $4.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to the increase of profitably of the Company by $16.0 million with growth of income from operations and the increase of receipts in advance from customers by $13.5 million.

For the year ended December 31, 2010, net cash used in investing activities increased by $50.0 million to $48.9 million from $1.1 million cash provided at December 31, 2009 and was primarily attributable to the increase in acquisitions and construction in 2010. In 2010, the Group paid $15.9 million, $3.0 million and $8.2 million, net of cash acquired, to acquire 100% equity interests in Chongqing Tianrun, Jinzheng and Shenmu, respectively, approximately $4.4 million to purchase Xinyuan gas station and approximately $17.3 million to purchase the equipment for construction of a new 50,000 ton biodiesel production facility adjacent to the existing plant in Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province.

For the year ended December 31, 2010, net cash provided by financing activities decreased by $17.2 million to $16.5 million from $33.7 million at December 31, 2009 and was primarily attributable to a $15.9 million decrease in net proceeds from the issuance of common stock and warrants and a $1.1 million increase in commercial bank loan financing.

As a result of the offering and cash provided by operating activities, we believe we have sufficient working capital to sustain our current business for the next 12 months due to expected increased sales volume and net income from operating. We anticipate spending $8.2 million to purchase a 51% equity interest of a finished oil distributor in Chongqing. We also anticipate spending $9 million to acquire a chemical production plant in Hainan Province for the construction of a new 300,000 ton biodiesel production facility.

Our future capital requirements will depend on a number of factors, including:

 
·
Development of new sales territories, sales offices, and sales force for our wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil products and required working capital to sustain our existing market share and support the growth in this business segment. This development can be achieved by organic growth or through acquisition;

 
·
Expanding of market share for our retail gas stations both in terms of quantity and geographic location and required working capital to support the growth;

 
·
Our ability to maintain our existing oil suppliers and establish collaborative relationships with new suppliers;

 
·
Increasing our biodiesel production capacity through strategic acquisitions or construction of new facilities; and
 
 
·
Development and commercialization of new technology to improve biodiesel production efficiency.
   
We anticipate incurring some research and development expenses during the next 12 months. 
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Except for the operating lease commitments disclosed in Note 13 to the financial statements, we do not have any off-balance sheet commitments or arrangements, including financial guarantees or other commitments to guarantee the payment obligations of any third parties. We have not entered into any derivative contracts that are indexed to our shares and classified as stockholders’ equity or that are not reflected in our consolidated financial statements. Furthermore, we do not have any retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support to such entity. We do not have any variable interest in any unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit support to us or engages in leasing, hedging or research and development services with us.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

Although the Company is an accelerated filer as of December 31, 2010, this disclosure has been omitted because the Company is subject to the smaller reporting company disclosure requirements for this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards and Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements for a discussion of recently issued accounting standards and pronouncements.
 
 
60

 
 
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
Although the Company is an accelerated filer as of December 31, 2010, this disclosure has been omitted because the Company is subject to the smaller reporting company disclosure requirements for this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
Our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto begin on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
 
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
Not applicable.
 
 
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures.
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2010, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that during the period covered by this report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of such date to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures. These limitations include the possibility of human error, the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures and reasonable resource constraints. In addition, because we have designed our system of controls based on certain assumptions, which we believe are reasonable, about the likelihood of future events, our system of controls may not achieve its desired purpose under all possible future conditions. Accordingly, our disclosure controls and procedures provide reasonable assurance, but not absolute assurance, of achieving their objectives.

 
61

 
 
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f), under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and/or board of directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisitions, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Under the supervision of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on our evaluation, management has concluded that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010.
 
We acquired Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd. in October 2010 and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, Chongqing Tianrun’s internal control over financial reporting associated with total assets of $18,140,017 and total revenues of $3,727,810 included in our consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
KPMG, an independent registered public accounting firm, has audited the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010 as stated in their report which is included below.

 
62

 
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth fiscal quarter of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 

 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
China Integrated Energy, Inc.:
 
We have audited China Integrated Energy, Inc.’s (the Company’s) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). China Integrated Energy, Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, China Integrated Energy, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
China Integrated Energy, Inc., through its subsidiary, acquired Chongqing Tianrun Energy Development Co., Ltd. (Chongqing Tianrun) during the year ended December 31, 2010 and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of China Integrated Energy, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, Chongqing Tianrun’s internal control over financial reporting associated with total assets of $18,140,017 and total sales of $3,727,810 included in the consolidated financial statements of China Integrated Energy, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of China Integrated Energy, Inc. also excluded an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Chongqing Tianrun.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of China Integrated Energy, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended, and our report dated March 16, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
 
/s/ KPMG
 
Hong Kong, China
March 16, 2011
 
 
Item 9B.
Other Information.
 
Not applicable.
 
 
63

 
PART III
 
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
 
As of the date hereof our directors, executive officers and significant employees are as follows:
Name
 
Age
 
Position
Xincheng Gao
 
48
 
Chairman of the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer and President
         
Albert C. Pu
 
51
 
Chief Financial Officer
         
Gaihong Li
 
34
 
Executive Vice President, Controller and Director
         
Larry Goldman
 
54
 
Independent Director
         
Wenbing Christopher Wang
 
40
 
Independent Director
         
Junrong Guo
  
47
  
Independent Director
 
Xincheng Gao, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President.   Mr. Gao has served as our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President since October 23, 2007. Mr. Gao has extensive experience in the research and marketing of oil products. In November 1999, Mr. Gao founded Xi’an Baorun Industrial Development Co., Ltd. (Xi’an Baorun Industrial) to produce and sell finished oil products and biodiesel. Prior to founding of Xi’an Baorun Industrial, Mr Gao worked in the Oil and Chemical Department of Shaanxi Province that oversaw the oil industry; and worked in Zhongtian Oil and Chemical Group in charge of R&D and marketing. Mr. Gao received a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology in 1985 and an E.M.B.A. from Xi’an Jiaotong University in 2004.  Mr. Gao possesses detailed and in-depth knowledge of the issues, opportunities and challenges facing the Company and its business and is thus best positioned to develop agendas that ensure that the Board’s time and attention are focused on the most critical matters relating to the business of the Company.
 
Albert C. Pu, Chief Financial Officer.   Mr. Pu has served as our Chief Financial Officer since May 12, 2009. Mr. Pu joined the Company in February 2009 as the vice president of finance. Prior to joining the Company, from 2005 through 2009, Mr. Pu served as global controller of Amphenol Corporation Industrial Operations, a division of Amphenol Corporation (NYSE:APH), a U.S. based multi-national manufacturing company specializing in interconnect systems, where he was in charge of facilities in the U.S., Mexico and China. From 2004 through 2005, Mr. Pu was the director of finance of Endicott Interconnect Technologies, Inc., a U.S.-based company specializing in high-end interconnect technologies for industrial and military applications. Mr. Pu also serves as an independent director and audit committee chairman of Sino Clean Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: SCEI), a China based manufacturer and distributor of coal-water mixture. Mr. Pu has over 20 years of accounting and audit experience. Mr. Pu has a B.S. in Accounting from the State University of New York, Institute of Technology in 1990. He is a New York State Certified Public Accountant.

 
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Gaihong Li, Executive Vice President, Controller and Director.   Ms. Li has served as our Executive Vice President since June 2009, and as Controller since May 12, 2009. Ms. Li served as our Chief Financial Officer from October 23, 2007 until May 12, 2009, and has served as a member of our board of directors since December 9, 2007. Ms. Li has also served as Chief Financial Officer of Xi’an Baorun Industrial since September 2005 until May 12, 2009. Ms. Li has more than ten years of experience in the oil industry. From August 2000 until Ms. Li joined Xi’an Baorun Industrial in September 2005, Ms. Li served as Chief Financial Officer of Xi’an Dongfang Oil Group Co., Ltd., which is located in China and engages in the business of oil production. Ms. Li obtained a B.S. degree in Accounting from Xi’an Northwest University in 1997, and is currently studying to obtain an E.M.B.A. degree in Business Administration from Xi’an Jiaotong University.  Ms. Li has extensive experience in petroleum distribution industry providing financial management and operation expertise to the Company.
 
Larry Goldman, Independent Director.   Mr. Goldman has served as an independent director since November 17, 2008.  Mr. Goldman is a certified public accountant with over 25 years of auditing, consulting and technical experience and from October 2007 to the present time works as a consultant providing CFO support to various US listed public companies.  Mr. Goldman served from May 2006 to October 2007 as the Treasurer and Acting Chief Financial Officer of Thorium Power, Ltd. (NASDAQ: THPW). Prior to joining Thorium Power, Ltd. Mr. Goldman worked as the Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Vice President of Finance of WinWin Gaming, Inc. (OTCBB: WNWN), a multi-media developer and publisher of sports, lottery and other games. Prior to joining WinWin in October 2004, Mr. Goldman was a partner at Livingston Wachtell & Co., LLP and had been with that firm for the past 19 years auditing public companies. Mr. Goldman is also an independent director and audit committee chairman of Winner Medical Group Inc. (AMEX: WWIN), a China based manufacturer of medical disposable products and surgical dressings; Wonder Auto Tech, Inc. (NASDAQ:WATG), a leading manufacturer of automotive electrics, suspension products and engine accessories in China; China Advanced Construction Material (NASDAQ:CADC), a leading producer and supplier of ready mix cement and China GengSheng Minerals Inc.(AMEX:CHGS) a developer and manufacturer of mineral based industrial material products. Mr. Goldman has extensive experience in both auditing and consulting with public companies, and has experience providing accounting and consulting services to the Asian marketplace for almost 10 years, having also audited several US listed Chinese public companies.
 
Wenbing (Christopher) Wang, Independent Director.   Mr. Wang has served as an independent director since November 17, 2008.  Mr. Wang currently serves as Interim Chief Financial Officer, President and a director of Fushi Copperweld, Inc. Prior to joining Fushi, from November 2004 to March 2005, Mr. Wang served as an Executive Vice President of Redwood Capital, Inc., with a specific focus on providing strategic and financial advisory services to China based clients seeking access to the U.S. capital markets. From October 2002 to September 2004, Mr. Wang served as Assistant VP of Portfolio Management at China Century Investment Corporation. Mr. Wang began his investment banking career at Credit Suisse First Boston (HK) Ltd in 2001. From 1999 to 2000, Mr. Wang worked for VCChina as Management Analyst. Mr. Wang is also an independent director of General Steel Holding Inc. (NYSE: GSI), through its subsidiaries engages in the manufacture and sales of steel products in the People’s Republic of China; Orient Paper, Inc. (NYSE AMEX: ONP), engages in the production and distribution of paper and paper products in the People’s Republic of China ; and Energroup Holdings Corporation (OTCBB:ENHD), which engages in the production, packaging, sales, marketing and distribution of fresh and processed meat products in the People’s Republic of China. Mr. Wang resigned from the board of the director of Energroup Holdings Corporate in January 2011. Fluent in both English and Chinese,. Mr. Wang holds an MBA in Finance and Corporate Accounting from Simon Business School of University of Rochester. Mr. Wang offers the Company significant financial, strategic and management expertise. He also brings a wealth of knowledge having served as an independent director of various public companies with operation in the PRC.
 
Junrong Guo, Independent Director.   Mr. Guo has served as an independent director since November 17, 2008.  Mr. Guo is a professional researcher in the forestry field. Since June 2003, Mr. Guo has engaged in research and development in the forestry resources with Shaanxi Forest Researching & Planning Institute, Mr. Guo served as director of Shaanxi Forest Institute from 1999 to 2000, and director of Shaanxi Ginkgo Research Institute from 1997 to 1999. Through his work experience Mr. Guo participated in the projects such like National Key Scientific & Technological Projects, Shaanxi Government Key Scientific & Technological Projects, Shaanxi Forest & Agricultural Key Projects, Yanglin Youth Scientific & Technological Projects, among of which gained Shaanxi Scientific & Technological Progress Awards. Mr. Guo has been granted honors and awards including Shaanxi New Century Talent, Specialist to Enjoy the State Subsidies’ in 2004, Evaluation Committee of Shaanxi Scientific & Technological Progress Award from 2005 to 2008 and Professional Researcher in 2006, Shaanxi Agricultural Expert in 2008. By providing to the Company his valuable expertise in the forestry field, Mr. Guo continues working with the Company to explore various feedstocks for the Company’s biodiesel production.

 
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All directors hold office until the next annual stockholders’ meeting or until their death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification, or until their successors have been elected and are qualified. Our officers serve at the will of the Board of Directors.
 
No director or executive officer is related to any other director or executive officer.
 
Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings
 
Mr.Wenbing Wang, one of the Company’s independent directors, also serves as president and a director of Fushi Copperweld, Inc. (NASDAQ: FSIN).  Mr. Wang is named as a defendant in several class action lawsuits filed against Fushi Copperweld and certain of its officers and directors in connection with a proposal by Fushi Copperweld’s chairman and chief executive officer and others to acquire all of the outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock not currently owned by the chairman and chief executive officer and his affiliates in a going private transaction for $11.50 per share in cash, subject to certain conditions (the “Proposal”).  Plaintiffs challenge the Proposal and allege, among other things, that the consideration to be paid in the Proposal is grossly inadequate.  Plaintiffs are seeking to enjoin the Proposal and have asserted claims for breach of fiduciary duty against certain of the Company’s officers and its directors, and for aiding and abetting such breach of fiduciary duty against the Company.  The legal proceeding of Fushi Copperweld is pending.
 
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
 
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), requires the executive officers and directors of the Company and every person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of any class of security of the Company to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Such persons also are required to furnish our company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.
 
Based solely on our review of copies of such forms received by us, we believe that during the fiscal year 2010, the executive officers and directors of the Company and every person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of any class of security of the Company complied with the filing requirements of Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
Board of Directors
 
We have five members serving on our Board of Directors, of which a majority are independent directors . All actions of the Board of Directors require the approval of a majority of the directors in attendance at a meeting at which a quorum is present or by unanimous written consent.
 
Audit Committee
 
We have a separately-designated standing audit committee established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  The audit committee  consists of Larry Goldman, Wenbing (Christopher) Wang and Junrong Guo.  Each of these members are “independent” as defined by Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC as determined by our board of directors. The audit committee recommends to the board of directors the annual engagement of a firm of independent accountants and reviews with the independent accountants the scope and results of audits, our internal accounting controls and audit practices and professional services rendered to us by our independent accountants. The Audit Committee operates under a written charter. Mr. Goldman is the Chairman of our Audit Committee.
 
Our board of directors has determined that we have at least one audit committee financial expert, as defined by the rules and regulations of the SEC, serving on our audit committee, and that Larry Goldman is the “audit committee financial expert.”  Mr. Goldman is “independent” as defined by Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC.

 
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Security Holder Recommendations for Board Nominees
 
There have been no changes to the procedures by which our stockholders may recommend nominees to the Board of Directors since the filing of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K on March 31, 2010.
 
Code of Ethics
 
We adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics on March 28, 2008. The Code of Ethics constitutes our Code of Ethics for our principal executive officer, our principal financial and accounting officer and our other senior financial officers. The Code of Ethics is intended to promote honest and ethical conduct, full and accurate reporting, and compliance with laws as well as other matters.   A copy of Code of Ethics is filed as an exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 31, 2008.  A printed copy of the Code of Ethics may  be obtained free of charge by writing to China Integrated Energy, Inc., Dongxin Century Square, 7th Floor, Hi-Tech Development District, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, PRC 710043.
 
 
Item 11.
Executive Compensation.
 
We strive to provide our named executive officers with a competitive base salary that is in line with their roles and responsibilities. We believe that other peer companies in China which are listed on U.S. stock markets would be the most appropriate to use for salary comparison purposes. However, none of our direct competitors are public companies in the U.S. We believe that the compensation of our executive officers is appropriate.
 
It is not uncommon for companies with operations primarily in China to have base salaries and bonuses as the sole form of compensation. The base salary level is established and reviewed based on the level of responsibilities, the experience and tenure of the individual and the current and potential contributions of the individual. The base salary is compared to similar positions within comparable peer companies and with consideration of the executive’s relative experience in his or her position. Based on an evaluation of available information with respect to the base salaries of executives of our competitors located in China, the base salary and bonus paid to our named executive officers is in line with our domestic competitors, such as Shaanxi Dongda Oil and Chemical Co., Ltd. Base salaries are reviewed periodically and at the time of promotion or other changes in responsibilities.
 
Our 2003 Equity Incentive Program provides for the grant of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options and restricted stock awards. Certain awards are intended to qualify as “incentive stock options” within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The incentive plan was approved by our stockholders on August 11, 2003.
 
We will consider other elements of compensation, including without limitation, short- and long-term compensation, cash and non-cash, and other equity-based compensation. We believe our current compensation package is comparable to our peers in the industry and is aimed to retain and attract talented individuals.
 
Summary Compensation Table
 
The following tables reflects the cash compensation we paid, as well as certain other compensation paid or accrued, during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 to the identified persons (the “Named Executive Officers”).

Name and Principal Position
 
Year
 
Salary
($)
   
Bonus
($)
   
All Other
Compensation ($)
   
Total
($)
 
                             
Xincheng Gao (1)
Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer
 
2009
    44,000       10,000       -       54,000  
   
2010
    60,000       15,000       -       75,000  
 
(1)           Reflects compensation received by our named executive officer in his capacity as an executive officer of Xi’an Baorun Industrial.

 
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During each of the last two fiscal years, none of our other executive officers had total compensation greater than $100,000. Our executive officers are reimbursed by us for any out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with activities conducted on our behalf. There is no limit on the amount of these out-of-pocket expenses and there will be no review of the reasonableness of such expenses by anyone other than our board of directors, which includes persons who may seek reimbursement, or a court of competent jurisdiction if such reimbursement is challenged.
 
Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment
 
The following employment agreements were entered into by Xi’an Baorun Industrial and the following executive officers:
 
Xincheng Gao
 
Xi’an Baorun Industrial entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Xincheng Gao to employ him as its chairman, effective as of October 25, 2010. The agreement will expire on October 24, 2013, and may be renewed for an additional term of three years. Mr. Gao is entitled to a base monthly salary in an amount of RMB70,000, approximately US$10,500. Xi’an Baorun Industrial also pays premiums for Mr. Gao for pension, unemployment, medical insurance and other social insurance coverage in accordance with relevant PRC laws and regulations. Xi’an Baorun Industrial has a right to adjust the salary and welfare benefits of Mr. Gao appropriately based on his capability, experience, attitude, performance, achievement, employment history with the Company, and position as well as its salary and position adjustment policies and business conditions. Either party to the agreement has a right to terminate the agreement, subject to the terms and conditions therein. In connection with the agreement, Mr. Gao also executed a confidentiality and non-competition agreement. In the event of a major change in objective circumstances, which includes the merger of Xi’an Baorun Industrial into another business entity, or the sale, or transfer by Xi’an Baorun Industrial of a substantial portion of its assets to others, Xi’an Baorun Industrial may terminate this agreement by giving a 30-day notice, or giving one month’s salary in lieu of a notice, if the parties cannot agree to a modification of terms of the agreement.
 
Gaihong Li
 
Xi’an Baorun Industrial entered into an employment agreement with Ms. Gaihong Li to employ her as its executive vice president and financial controller, effective as of October 25, 2010. The current term of the agreement will expire on October 24, 2013, and may be renewed for an additional term of three years. Ms. Li receives a base monthly salary in an amount RMB50,000, approximately US$7,500. Xi’an Baorun Industrial also pays premiums for Ms. Li for pension, unemployment, medical insurance and other social insurance coverage in accordance with relevant PRC laws and regulations. Xi’an Baorun Industrial has a right to adjust the salary and welfare benefits of Ms. Li appropriately based on her capability, experience, attitude, performance, achievement, employment history with the Company and position as well as its salary and position adjustment policies and business conditions. Either party to the agreement has a right to terminate the agreement, subject to the terms and conditions therein. In connection with the agreement, Ms. Li also executed a confidentiality and non-competition agreement. In the event of a major change in objective circumstances, which includes the merger of Xi’an Baorun Industrial into another business entity, or the sale, or transfer by Xi’an Baorun Industrial of a substantial portion of its assets to others, Xi’an Baorun Industrial may terminate this agreement by giving a 30-day notice or giving one month’s salary in lieu of a notice, if the parties cannot agree to a modification of terms of the agreement.
 
Albert C. Pu
 
Xi’an Baorun Industrial entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Pu on January 22, 2009 whereby the Company employed Mr. Pu as chief financial officer. The term of Mr. Pu’s employment is two years commencing from February 2, 2009. In 2010, Mr. Pu receives an annual salary of $93,000, excluding an allowance for housing and social insurance, as well as reimbursement of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses and travel for business purposes. Mr. Pu also executed a confidentiality and non-competition agreement. In the event of a major change in the objective situation, which includes the merger of Xi’an Baorun Industrial into another business entity, or the sale, or transfer by Xi’an Baorun Industrial of a substantial portion of its assets to others, Xi’an Baorun Industrial may terminate this agreement by giving a 30-day notice, or giving one month’s salary in lieu of a notice, if the parties cannot agree to a modification of terms of the agreement.

 
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Grants of Plan-Based Awards
 
Although the Company is an accelerated filer as of December 31, 2010, this disclosure has been omitted because the Company is subject to the smaller reporting company disclosure requirements for this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End
 
None.
 
Pension Benefits
 
We do not sponsor any qualified or non-qualified defined benefit plans.
 
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
 
We do not maintain any non-qualified defined contribution or deferred compensation plans.
 
Compensation Of Directors
 
Compensation paid to our independent directors as of December 31, 2010 is as follows:

Name
 
Fees earned or
paid in cash ($)
   
Option awards
($)
   
All other
compensation
($)
   
Total ($)
 
                         
Larry Goldman
  $ 20,000     $ 121,404 (1)   $ -     $ 141,404  
                                 
Wenbing (Christopher) Wang
  $ 15,000     $ 121,404 (2)   $ -     $ 136,404  
                                 
Junrong Guo
  $ 3,040     $ -     $ -     $ 3,040  
 
(1) 20,000 of the options granted to Mr. Goldman reflects compensation earned in 2009, which options were not issued until early 2010. The fair value of the option was $121,404.
 
(2) 20,000 of the options granted to Mr. Wang reflects compensation earned in 2009, which options were not issued until early 2010. The fair value of the option was $121,404.
 
Each of Messrs. Goldman, Wang and Guo entered into Independent Director Agreements with the Company on November 23, 2010.  Pursuant to the terms of those agreements, Mr. Goldman shall receive $20,000 in cash annually and an annual option grant to purchase 20,000 shares of common stock of the Company, Mr. Wang shall receive $15,000 in cash annually and an annual option to purchase 20,000 shares of common stock of the Company, and Mr. Guo shall receive RMB20,000 in cash annually. In addition, each of Mr. Goldman and Mr. Wang shall receive $1,000 for each director meeting attended by phone and $5,000 for each director meeting attended in person.  The exercise price of the annual option grants shall be equal to the fair market value of a share of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant of the option and such options vest quarterly, in equal installments over the 12 month period from date of grant.

 
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Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
 
The following table sets forth as of March 12, 2011 the number of shares of our common stock beneficially owned by (i) each person who is known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent of the Company’s common stock; (ii) each director; (iii) each of the named executive officers in the Summary Compensation Table; and (iv) all directors and executive officers as a group. As of March 12, 2011, we had 39,503,379 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
 
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission rules and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Unless otherwise indicated, the stockholders listed in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares indicated. Unless otherwise noted, the principal address of each of the stockholders, directors and officers listed below is Dongxin Century Square 7F, Xi’an Hi-tech Development District, Xi’an, China.
 
All share ownership figures include shares of our common stock issuable upon securities convertible or exchangeable into shares of our common stock within sixty (60) days of March 12, 2011, which are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by such person for purposes of computing his or her percentage ownership, but not for purposes of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner
 
Shares
Beneficially
Owned (1)
   
Percent of
Class (2)(3)
 
             
Redsky Group Limited (4)
    22,057,345       55.7 %
                 
Xincheng Gao (5)
    22,057,345       55.7 %
                 
Albert C. Pu (6)
    60,000       *  
                 
Gaihong Li (7)
    80,100       *  
                 
Larry Goldman (8)
    35,000       *  
                 
Wenbing Christopher Wang (8)
    35,000       *  
                 
Junrong Guo
           
                 
Vision Capital Advisors, LLC (9)
    3,576,250       9.0 %
                 
All Directors and Executive Officers, as a group (6 persons)
    22,267,445       56.5 %
 
* Less than one percent.
 
(1)           Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Shares of Common Stock subject to securities anticipated to be exercisable or convertible at or within 60 days of the date hereof, are deemed outstanding for computing the percentage of the person holding such option or warrant but are not deemed outstanding for computing the percentage of any other person. The indication herein that shares are anticipated to be beneficially owned is not an admission on the part of the listed stockholder that he, she or it is or will be a direct or indirect beneficial owner of those shares.
 
(2)           Based upon 39,503,379 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding.

 
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(3)           In determining the percent of our common stock owned by a person or entity on March 12, 2011 (a) the numerator is the number of shares of the class beneficially owned by such person or entity, including shares which may be acquired within 60 days on exercise of outstanding warrants and conversion of convertible securities, and (b) the denominator is the sum of (i) the total shares of our common stock outstanding on that date March 12, 2011, plus (ii) the total number of shares that the beneficial owner may acquire on conversion of preferred stock and on exercise of warrants and options.
 
(4)           The business address of Redsky Group Limited is P.O. Box 957, Offshore Incorporation Centre, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands.
 
(5)           Includes (i) 21,937,345 shares of common stock beneficially owned by Redsky Group Limited, over which Mr. Gao, as the sole director of Redsky Group Limited has voting and dispositive power, and (ii) an option to purchase up to 120,000 shares of common stock which is fully vested and exercisable.
 
(6)           Includes an option to purchase up to 60,000 shares of common stock which is fully vested and exercisable.
 
(7)           Includes 100 shares of common stock and an option to purchase up to 80,000 shares of common stock which is fully vested and exercisable.
 
(8)           Includes options to purchase up to 35,000 shares of common stock which are fully vested and exercisable.
 
(9)           Includes 1,934,045 shares issuable upon conversion or exercise of derivative securities within the next 60 days. Information regarding this beneficial owner is furnished in reliance upon its Schedule 13G/A group filing filed with the SEC on February 14, 2011 by Vision Capital Advisors, LLC, which included (i) Vision Opportunity Master Fund, Ltd., a Cayman Islands company (the “Master Fund”), (ii) Vision Opportunity China LP, a limited partnership organized under the laws of Guernsey (the “China Fund”), (iii) Vision Opportunity China GP Limited, a corporate entity organized under the laws of Guernsey (the “China Fund GP”), which serves as the general partner of the China Fund, (iv) Vision Opportunity China Fund Limited, a corporate entity organized under the laws of Guernsey (the “China Fund Ltd.”), which controls the China Fund GP, (v) Vision Capital Advantage Fund, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (“VCAF”; and together with the Master Fund and the China Fund, the “Funds”), (vi) VCAF GP, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“VCAF GP”), which serves as the general partner of VCAF, (vii) Vision Capital Advisors, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (formerly known as Vision Opportunity Capital Management, LLC) (the “Investment Manager”), and (viii) Adam Benowitz, the Managing Member of the Investment Manager (all of the foregoing, collectively, the “Filers”). Each of the Funds is a private investment vehicle engaged in investing and trading in a wide variety of securities and financial instruments for its own account. The Funds directly beneficially own all of the shares reported herein. Mr. Benowitz and the Investment Manager may be deemed to share with the Funds voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares. The China Fund GP and China Fund Ltd. may be deemed to share with the China Fund voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares owned by the China Fund and VCAF GP may be deemed to share with VCAF voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares owned by VCAF. Each Filer disclaims beneficial ownership with respect to any shares other than those beneficially owned directly by such Filer.  The principal business office of the Master Fund is c/o Ogier Fiduciary Services (Cayman) Limited, P.O. Box 1234, 113 South Church Street, Queensgate House, Grand Cayman KY1-1108, Cayman Islands.  The principal business office of each of VCAF, VCAF GP, the Investment Manager and Mr. Benowitz is 20 West 55th Street, 5th Floor, New York, New York 10019 USA.  The principal business office of each of the China Fund, the China Fund GP and the China Fund Ltd. is Suites 13 and 15, Sarnia House, Le Truchot, St Peter Port, Guernsey GY1 4NA.  The Filers are deemed to be affiliates of each other and beneficially own, in the aggregate, approximately 9.9% of the shares of the Company’s common stock, which includes securities exercisable and convertible into shares of common stock.  Pursuant to the terms of the Series A-1 and A-2 Warrants and the Certificate of Designation for each of the series A and series B preferred stock, at no time may Master Fund and VCAF convert their shares of preferred stock into shares of common stock if the conversion would result in Master Fund and VCAF together beneficially owning (as determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules thereunder) more than 9.9% of our then issued and outstanding shares of common stock; provided, however, that upon providing us with sixty-one days’ notice that Master Fund and VCAF wish to waive the cap, then the cap will be of no force or effect with regard to all or a portion of the series A or series B preferred stock referenced in the waiver notice. Similarly under the terms of the Series A-1 and Series A-2 Warrants, at no time may Master Fund and VCAF exercise the warrant if the exercise would result in Master Fund and VCAF together beneficially owning (as determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules thereunder) more than 9.9% of our then issued and outstanding shares of common stock; provided, however, that upon providing us with sixty-one days’ notice that Master Fund and VCAF wish to waive the cap, then the cap will be of no force or effect with regard to all or a portion of the shares referenced in the waiver notice. The 9.9% beneficial ownership limitation does not prevent Master Fund and VCAF from selling some of their holdings and then receiving additional shares. Accordingly, each of Master Fund and VCAF could exercise and sell more than 9.9% of our common stock without ever at any one time holding more than this limit.

 
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Change in Control
 
There were no arrangements, known to the Company, including any pledge by any person of securities of the Company the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control of the Company .
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
The following table sets forth aggregate information regarding our equity compensation plans in effect as of December 31, 2010:
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
   
Number of securities
to be issued upon
exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
   
Weighted- average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
   
Number of
securities
remaining available
for future issuance
under equity
compensation plans
(excluding
securities reflected
in column (a))
 
Plan category
 
(a)
   
(b)
   
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
    448,550     $ 6.81       2,280,500  
                         
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
    50,000       6.44       -0-  
                         
Total
    498,550       6.77       2,280,500  
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
 
Our 2003 Equity Incentive Program (the “Plan”) provides for the grant of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options and restricted stock awards (the “Awards”). Certain Awards are intended to qualify as “incentive stock options” within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”). The Plan was approved by our stockholders on August 11, 2003. The shares of common stock underlying Awards that can be granted under our Plan were registered on a Form S-8 with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 24, 2003.
 
The total number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the Plan may not exceed 6,000,000, of which 1,000,000 will be available for issuance as incentive stock option grants and 5,000,000 will be available for issuance as nonqualified stock option grants and/or restricted stock awards.  The total number of shares may be increased annually based upon the total number of common stock outstanding in subsequent years.  In connection with our private placement in 2008, we agreed to limit the number of awards we grant under the Plan to no more than 10% of the total number of shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding at any time. The plan covers the incentive stock options and nonqualified stock options issued to the employees and independent directors.

 
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Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
 
In February 2009 and 2010, the Company retained an investor relations consulting firm for the investor relations services. As a part of investor relations consulting fee, the Company issued the investor relations consulting firm warrants to purchase 30,000 shares of the Company’s common stock with a strike price at $6.00 per share and at $10.00 per share for the services rendered in 2009 and 2010, respectively. The warrants will be vested on the one year anniversary of the contract signature date and exercisable only for cash; and will expire 18 months from the date of vesting.
 
In December 2009 and September 2010, the Company retained a financial advisor for the financial advisory services. As a part of financial advisory consulting fee, the Company issued the financial advisor stock purchase agreement to purchase 20,000 shares of the Company’s common stock with a strike price at $7.09 per share and at $7.04 per shares for the services rendered in 2010 and 2011. The stock purchase options will be vested on the one year anniversary of the contract signature date and exercisable for 6 years.
 
 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
Related Party Transactions
 
None.
 
Director Independence
 
A majority of the directors serving on our Board must be independent directors under Rule 5605(b)(1) of the Marketplace Rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market, Inc. (“NASDAQ”). The Board of Directors has a responsibility to make an affirmative determination whether a directors has a material relationships with the listed company through the application of Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of NASDAQ, which provides the definition of an independent director.
 
Based on the application of the independence standards and the examination of all of the relevant facts and circumstances, the Board determined that none of the following directors had any material relationship with the Company and, thus, are independent under Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of NASDAQ: Larry Goldman, Wenbing Christopher Wang and Junrong Guo. In accordance with the Marketplace Rules of NASDAQ a majority of our Board of Directors is independent.
 
The Board of Directors has determined that none of Messrs. Goldman, Wang or Guo has a relationship that, in the opinion of the Board of Directors, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of an independent director .  In determining the independence of our directors, the Board of Directors has adopted independence standards that follow the criteria specified by applicable laws and regulations of the SEC and the Marketplace Rules of NASDAQ. In determining the independence of our directors, the Board of Directors considered all transactions in which the Company and any director had any interest, including those discussed under “Related Party Transactions” above.
 
Review, Approval or Ratification of Transactions with Related Parties
 
Our Audit Committee under its charter is responsible reviewing and approving any related party transactions.  It is the Company’s policy that the Company will not enter into any related party transactions unless the Audit Committee or another independent body of the Board of Directors first reviews and approves the transactions.
 
 
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services.
 
Our independent accountants for the audit of our annual financial statements and audit of internal control over financial reporting for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 was KPMG.  Our independent accountants for the audit of our annual financial statements for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 was Sherb & Co., LLP.  The following table shows the fees paid and to be paid by us to KPMG and Sherb & Co., LLP.
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
Audit Fees
  $ 379,803     $ 107,800  
Audit-Related Fees
  $ -     $ -  
Tax Fees
  $ 26,515     $ -  
All Other Fees
  $ 139,091     $ 80,000  
 
 
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Audit Fees were for professional services rendered for the audit of our company’s annual financial statements, the review of quarterly financial statements and the preparation of statutory and regulatory filings.  We paid Sherb & Co., LLP $107,800 and $27,530 for the financial statements audit and quarterly financial statements reviews in  2009 and 2010, respectively. Other fees paid to Sherb & Co., LLP in 2009 were for professional services rendered for the public equity offering that was completed November 4, 2009, and the underwriters’ exercise of the over-allotment that was completed November 18, 2009. In June 2010, we also paid Sherb & Co., LLP other fees of $30,000 for professional services rendered for the prospectus preparation of S-3 Shelf Registration take down.
 
For 2010, the audit fee payable by us to KPMG of $352,273 is for the audit of our 2010 annual financial statements, the tax fee payable by us to KPMG of $26,515 is for tax compliance services, and the other fees of $109,091 payable by us to KPMG is for Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 404 assistance service.
 
Pre-Approval of Services.
 
Prior to November 17, 2008, we did not have an audit committee and as a result, our entire board of directors performed the duties of an audit committee. Our board of directors evaluated and approved in advance the scope and cost of the engagement of an auditor before the auditor rendered audit and non-audit services.
 
Following the establishment of our Audit Committee, the Audit Committee must pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services performed by the independent registered public accounting firm. These services may include audit services, audit-related services, tax services and other services. All of the services described herein were approved by the Audit Committee pursuant to its pre-approval policies. None of the hours expended on the principal accountant’s engagement to audit the Company’s financial statements for the most recent fiscal year were attributed to work performed by persons other than the principal accountant’s full-time permanent employees.
 
PART IV
 
 
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
 
(a)           The following are filed with this Annual Report:
 
(1)           (i)    Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
(ii)           Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income
 
(iii)          Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
 
(iv)          Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
(2)           Not applicable.
 
(3)           Exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K are as follows:

 
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Exhibits
Exhibit
Number
 
Description
     
2.1
 
Share Exchange Agreement dated as of October 23, 2007 (1)
2.2
 
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated November 15, 2007 (2)
3.1
 
Certificate of Correction filed on July 24, 2007 (3)
3.1
 
Certificate of Amendment filed on June 11, 2007 (4)
3.1
 
Articles of Incorporation (5)
3.1
 
Certificate of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation (6)
3.1
 
Certificate of Ownership and Merger, dated November 15, 2007 (2)
3.1
 
Certificate of Incorporation of China Integrated Energy, Inc. (7)
3.2
 
By-laws (5)
4.1
 
Form of Warrant (1)
4.2
 
Amended and Restated Certificate of Designation of the Relative Rights and Preferences of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (1)
4.3
 
Amended and Restated Certificate of Designation of the Relative Rights and Preferences of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (10)
4.4
 
Form of Debenture (9)
4.5
 
Series A-1 Warrant Amendment, dated January 22, 2010(15)
4.6
 
Series A-2 Warrant Amendment, dated January 22, 2010 (15)
4.7
 
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated December 31, 2010 (18)