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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 ________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
  ________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 1-3932
whr-20200930_g1.jpg
WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware38-1490038
(State of Incorporation)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2000 North M-63
Benton Harbor,
Michigan
49022-2692
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code (269923-5000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $1.00 per shareWHRChicago Stock ExchangeandNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     No       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 
Number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class of common stock Shares outstanding at October 16, 2020
Common stock, par value $1.00 per share 62,546,876



WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  PAGE
PART I
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Certain statements contained in this quarterly report, including those within the forward-looking perspective section within the Management's Discussion and Analysis, and other written and oral statements made from time to time by us or on our behalf do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. As such, they are considered "forward-looking statements" which provide current expectations or forecasts of future events. Such statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as "may," "could," "will," "should," "possible," "plan," "predict," "forecast," "potential," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "project," "intend," "believe," "may impact," "on track," and similar words or expressions. Our forward-looking statements generally relate to our growth strategies, financial results, product development, and sales efforts. These forward-looking statements should be considered with the understanding that such statements involve a variety of risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, and may be affected by inaccurate assumptions. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed and actual results may vary materially.
This document contains forward-looking statements about Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries ("Whirlpool") that speak only as of this date. Whirlpool disclaims any obligation to update these statements. Forward-looking statements in this document may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding expected earnings per share, cash flow, productivity and raw material prices, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operations and financial condition. Many risks, contingencies and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from Whirlpool's forward-looking statements. Among these factors are: (1) COVID-19 pandemic-related business disruptions and economic uncertainty; (2) intense competition in the home appliance industry reflecting the impact of both new and established global competitors, including Asian and European manufacturers, and the impact of the changing retail environment, including direct-to-consumer sales; (3) Whirlpool's ability to maintain or increase sales to significant trade customers and the ability of these trade customers to maintain or increase market share; (4) Whirlpool's ability to maintain its reputation and brand image; (5) the ability of Whirlpool to achieve its business plans, productivity improvements, and cost control objectives, and to leverage its global operating platform, and accelerate the rate of innovation; (6) Whirlpool's ability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights; (7) acquisition and investment-related risks, including risks associated with our past acquisitions, and risks associated with our increased presence in emerging markets; (8) risks related to our international operations, including changes in foreign regulations, regulatory compliance and disruptions arising from political, legal and economic instability; (9) information technology system failures, data security breaches, data privacy compliance, network disruptions, and cybersecurity attacks; (10) product liability and product recall costs; (11) the ability of suppliers of critical parts, components and manufacturing equipment to deliver sufficient quantities to Whirlpool in a timely and cost-effective manner; (12) our ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees; (13) the impact of labor relations; (14) fluctuations in the cost of key materials (including steel, resins, copper and aluminum) and components and the ability of Whirlpool to offset cost increases; (15) Whirlpool's ability to manage foreign currency fluctuations; (16) impacts from goodwill impairment and related charges; (17) triggering events or circumstances impacting the carrying value of our long-lived assets; (18) inventory and other asset risk; (19) the uncertain global economy and changes in economic conditions which affect demand for our products; (20) health care cost trends, regulatory changes and variations between results and estimates that could increase future funding obligations for pension and postretirement benefit plans; (21) changes in LIBOR, or replacement of LIBOR with an alternative reference rate; (22) litigation, tax, and legal compliance risk and costs, especially if materially different from the amount we expect to incur or have accrued for, and any disruptions caused by the same; (23) the effects and costs of governmental investigations or related actions by third parties; and (24) changes in the legal and regulatory environment including environmental, health and safety regulations, and taxes and tariffs.
We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, and investors are advised to review disclosures in our filings with the SEC. It is not possible to foresee or identify all factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. Therefore, investors should not consider the foregoing factors to be an exhaustive statement of all risks, uncertainties, or factors that could potentially cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements.
Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in "Risk Factors" in Part II, Item 1A of this report.    
Unless otherwise indicated, the terms "Whirlpool," "the Company," "we," "us," and "our" refer to Whirlpool Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries.

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Website Disclosure
We routinely post important information for investors on our website, whirlpoolcorp.com, in the "Investors" section. We also intend to update the Hot Topics Q&A portion of this webpage as a means of disclosing material, non-public information and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, investors should monitor the Investors section of our website, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings, public conference calls, presentations and webcasts. The information contained on, or that may be accessed through, our webpage is not incorporated by reference into, and is not a part of, this document.

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
PAGE
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Divestitures and Held for Sale


4


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIODS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
(Millions of dollars, except per share data)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
2020201920202019
Net sales$5,291 $5,091 $13,658 $15,037 
Expenses
Cost of products sold4,136 4,350 11,172 12,552 
Gross margin1,155 741 2,486 2,485 
Selling, general and administrative513 491 1,354 1,580 
Intangible amortization16 17 46 53 
Restructuring costs63 56 186 142 
(Gain) loss on sale and disposal of businesses(7)(516)(7)(437)
Operating profit570 693 907 1,147 
Other (income) expense
Interest and sundry (income) expense(22)(29)(38)(222)
Interest expense51 45 142 148 
Earnings before income taxes541 677 803 1,221 
Income tax expense (benefit)143 313 233 311 
Net earnings398 364 570 910 
Less: Net earnings (loss) available to noncontrolling interests1 6 (14)14 
Net earnings available to Whirlpool$397 $358 $584 $896 
Per share of common stock
Basic net earnings available to Whirlpool$6.35 $5.62 $9.33 $14.04 
Diluted net earnings available to Whirlpool$6.27 $5.57 $9.26 $13.93 
Dividends declared$1.20 $1.20 $3.60 $3.55 
Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)
Basic62.663.662.663.8
Diluted63.364.263.164.3
Comprehensive income$375 $419 $436 $1,002 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

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WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(Millions of dollars, except share data)
(Unaudited)
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$3,528 $1,952 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $144 and $132, respectively
2,716 2,198 
Inventories2,216 2,438 
Prepaid and other current assets847 810 
Total current assets9,307 7,398 
Property, net of accumulated depreciation of $6,681 and $6,444, respectively
3,136 3,301 
Right of use assets904 921 
Goodwill2,463 2,440 
Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $644 and $593, respectively
2,190 2,225 
Deferred income taxes2,146 2,238 
Other noncurrent assets213 358 
Total assets$20,359 $18,881 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$4,179 $4,547 
Accrued expenses687 652 
Accrued advertising and promotions751 949 
Employee compensation516 450 
Notes payable1,735 294 
Current maturities of long-term debt298 559 
Other current liabilities939 918 
Total current liabilities9,105 8,369 
Noncurrent liabilities
Long-term debt4,965 4,140 
Pension benefits470 542 
Postretirement benefits163 322 
Lease liabilities735 778 
Other noncurrent liabilities643 612 
Total noncurrent liabilities6,976 6,394 
Stockholders' equity
Common stock, $1 par value, 250 million shares authorized, 112 million shares issued, and 62 million and 63 million shares outstanding, respectively
113 112 
Additional paid-in capital2,865 2,806 
Retained earnings8,223 7,870 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,754)(2,618)
Treasury stock, 50 million and 49 million shares, respectively
(5,076)(4,975)
Total Whirlpool stockholders' equity3,371 3,195 
Noncontrolling interests907 923 
Total stockholders' equity4,278 4,118 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$20,359 $18,881 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

6


WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE PERIODS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30
(Millions of dollars)
Nine Months Ended
20202019
Operating activities
Net earnings$570 $910 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization414 443 
(Gain) loss on sale and disposal of businesses (437)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(663)(517)
Inventories158 (525)
Accounts payable(162)(110)
Accrued advertising and promotions(179)(62)
Accrued expenses and current liabilities(163)29 
Taxes deferred and payable, net90 (59)
Accrued pension and postretirement benefits(55)(72)
Employee compensation137 77 
Other260 (243)
Cash provided by (used in) operating activities407 (566)
Investing activities
Capital expenditures(251)(306)
Proceeds from sale of assets and business27 1,034 
Other (5)
Cash provided by (used in) investing activities(224)723 
Financing activities
Net proceeds from borrowings of long-term debt1,031 699 
Repayments of long-term debt(568)(946)
Net proceeds (repayments) from short-term borrowings1,405 (63)
Dividends paid(232)(229)
Repurchase of common stock(121)(100)
Common stock issued16 5 
Other (7)
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities1,531 (641)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(125)(55)
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash1,589 (539)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year1,952 1,538 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year$3,541 $999 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.

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NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(1)    BASIS OF PRESENTATION
General Information
The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all information or footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. As a result, this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Management believes that the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the interim periods.
We are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements and accompanying Notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
We have eliminated all material intercompany transactions in our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. We do not consolidate the financial statements of any company in which we have an ownership interest of 50% or less, unless that company is deemed to be a variable interest entity ("VIE") of which we are the primary beneficiary. VIEs are consolidated when the company is the primary beneficiary of these entities and has the ability to directly impact the activities of these entities.
Risks and Uncertainties

COVID-19 continues to spread throughout the United States and other countries across the world, and the duration and severity of the effects are currently unknown. The pandemic has impacted the Company and could materially impact our financial results in the future. The Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements presented herein reflect estimates and assumptions made by management at September 30, 2020 and for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Such estimates and assumptions affect, among other things, the Company’s goodwill, long-lived asset and indefinite-lived intangible asset valuation; inventory valuation; assessment of the annual effective tax rate; valuation of deferred income taxes and income tax contingencies; and the allowance for expected credit losses and bad debt. Events and changes in circumstances arising after October 22, 2020, including those resulting from the impacts of COVID-19, will be reflected in management’s estimates for future periods.
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets
Our Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates for goodwill and other indefinite-life intangibles are disclosed in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and in Management's Discussion and Analysis of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

We continue to monitor the significant global economic uncertainty as a result of COVID-19 to assess the outlook for demand for our products and the impact on our business and our overall financial performance. The goodwill in our EMEA reporting unit and our Indesit, Hotpoint* and Maytag trademarks continue to be at risk at September 30, 2020. The goodwill in our other reporting units or indefinite-lived intangible assets are not presently at risk for future impairment.

The potential impact of COVID-19 related demand disruptions, production impacts and supply constraint impacts on our operating results for the EMEA reporting unit in the short-term is uncertain, but we remain committed to the strategic actions necessary to realize the long-term forecasted EBIT margins and expect that the macroeconomic environment will recover in the medium to long-term. The potential negative demand effect on revenues for the Indesit and Hotpoint* trademarks and the Maytag trademark is also uncertain given the volatile environment, but we expect that demand and production levels will continue to recover.


*Whirlpool ownership of the Hotpoint brand in EMEA and Asia Pacific regions is not affiliated with the Hotpoint brand sold in the Americas.

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As a result of our analysis, and in consideration of the totality of events and circumstances, there were no triggering events of impairment identified during the third quarter of 2020.
A lack of recovery or further deterioration in market conditions, a sustained trend of weaker than expected financial performance in EMEA or for our Indesit, Hotpoint* and Maytag trademarks or a lack of recovery or further decline in the Company’s market capitalization, among other factors, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic or other unforeseen events could result in an impairment charge in future periods which could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements.
Income taxes
Under U.S. GAAP, the Company calculates its quarterly tax provision based on an estimated effective tax rate for the year and then adjusts this amount by certain discrete items each quarter. The changing and volatile macro-economic conditions connected with the COVID-19 pandemic may cause fluctuations in forecasted earnings before income taxes. As such, the Company's effective tax rate could be subject to volatility as forecasted earnings before income taxes are impacted by events which cannot be predicted. In addition, continued economic deterioration brought on by the pandemic may negatively impact the realizability of certain deferred tax assets.  
Other Accounting Matters
Synthetic lease arrangements
In the first quarter of 2020, we entered into a synthetic lease arrangement with a financial institution for non-core properties in the North America region. The term of these leases commenced in the first quarter of 2020 and will expire five years after commencement. The leases contain provisions for options to purchase, extend the original term for additional periods or return the property. We have assessed the reasonable certainty of these provisions to determine the appropriate lease term. These arrangements include a residual value guarantee that could potentially come due in future periods. The current obligation residual value guarantee is not material as of September 30, 2020.
We assessed the lease classification of the agreements and determined they were operating leases. These leases were measured using our incremental borrowing rate and are included in our right of use assets and lease liabilities in the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets for a nominal amount. Rental payments are calculated at the applicable LIBOR rate plus a margin and the annual lease payments are not material.
Prior Year Out-of-Period Adjustments
During the third quarter of 2019, we recorded a net adjustment of $34 million related to prior years resulting from the one time transition tax deemed repatriation on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred and related impacts. This adjustment resulted in a decrease of net earnings available to Whirlpool of $34 million and a decrease of $0.53 in diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended 2019. The Company determined the impact was not material to the prior years' financial statements and was not material to the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the year ending December 31, 2019.
In addition, during the third quarter of 2019 we recorded an adjustment of $22 million related to the first quarter of 2019 resulting from other foreign subsidiary income items and corresponding tax credit impacts. This adjustment resulted in a decrease of $22 million in net earnings available to Whirlpool and a decrease of $0.34 in diluted earnings per share for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The Consolidated Condensed Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is not impacted by this adjustment.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
On January 1, 2020 we adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments." The guidance in ASU 2016-13 creates a new impairment standard replacing the current "incurred loss" model. The incurred loss model required that for a loss to be impaired and recognized on the financial statements it must be probable that it has been incurred at the measurement date. The new standard utilizes an "expected credit loss" model also referred to as "the current expected credit loss" (CECL) model. Under CECL, there is no threshold for impairment loss recognition, but it instead reflects a current estimate of all expected credit losses. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
*Whirlpool ownership of the Hotpoint brand in EMEA and Asia Pacific regions is not affiliated with the Hotpoint brand sold in the Americas.

9


For additional information on the required disclosures related to the impact of adopting this standard, see Note 2 to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
We adopted the following standards, none of which had a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements:
StandardEffective Date
2018-13Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value MeasurementJanuary 1, 2020
2018-15Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred In a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service ContractJanuary 1, 2020
2018-18Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808) - Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606January 1, 2020
All other newly issued and effective accounting standards during 2020 were not relevant or material to the Company.
Accounting Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Effective
In March 2020, the FASB issued Update 2020-04, "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting". The amendments in Update 2020-04 are elective and apply to all entities that have contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. The new guidance provides the following optional expedients: simplify accounting analyses under current U.S. GAAP for contract modifications, simplify the assessment of hedge effectiveness, allow hedging relationships affected by reference rate reform to continue and allow a one-time election to sell or transfer debt securities classified as held to maturity that reference a rate affected by reference rate reform. The amendments are effective for all entities from the beginning of an interim period that includes the issuance date of the ASU. An entity may elect to apply the amendments prospectively through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.
In December 2019, the FASB issued Update 2019-12, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes". The amendments in this Update affect entities within the scope of Topic 740, Income Taxes. The amendments in this Update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.
The FASB has issued the following relevant standards, which are not expected to have a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements:
StandardEffective Date
2018-14Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit PlansJanuary 1, 2021
2020-06Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entities Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entities Own EquityJanuary 1, 2022
All other issued and not yet effective accounting standards are not relevant or material to the Company.

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2)    REVENUE RECOGNITION
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table presents our disaggregated revenues by revenue source. We sell products within all product categories in each operating segment. For additional information on the disaggregated revenues by geographic regions, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
Millions of dollars2020201920202019
Major product categories:
Laundry$1,588 $1,576 $3,989 $4,531 
Refrigeration1,701 1,673 4,368 4,694 
Cooking1,159 1,183 3,011 3,289 
Dishwashing509 414 1,320 1,169 
Total major product category net sales $4,957 $4,846 $12,688 $13,683 
Compressors(1)
   557 
Spare parts and warranties247 227 681 749 
Other87 18 289 48 
Total net sales$5,291 $5,091 $13,658 $15,037 
(1)Change in compressors compared to the prior year is due to the divestiture of the Embraco compressor business.
The impact to revenue related to prior period performance obligations was not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Allowance for Expected Credit Losses and Bad Debt Expense

We estimate our expected credit losses primarily by using an aging methodology and establish customer-specific reserves for higher risk trade customers. Our expected credit losses are evaluated and controlled within each geographic region considering the unique credit risk specific to the country, marketplace and economic environment. We take into account past events, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts in developing the reserve. The adoption of the new credit loss standard did not have a material impact on the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
The following table summarizes our allowance for doubtful accounts by operating segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Millions of dollarsDecember 31, 2019Charged to EarningsWrite-offsForeign CurrencySeptember 30, 2020
North America
$4 $5 $ $ $9 
EMEA
83 5 (13) 75 
Latin America
33 13 (3)(6)37 
Asia
12 11   23 
Consolidated
$132 $34 $(16)$(6)$144 
We also have an allowance on certain financing receivables that are recorded in prepaid and other current assets and other noncurrent assets on our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. The allowance at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $45 million and $48 million, respectively. The amount charged to earnings and write-offs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 were not material.

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(3)    CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as reported within our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows:
September 30,
Millions of dollars20202019
Cash and cash equivalents as presented in our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets$3,528 $993 
Restricted cash included in prepaid and other current assets (1)
13 6 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as presented in our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows$3,541 $999 
December 31,
Millions of dollars20192018
Cash and cash equivalents as presented in our Consolidated Balance Sheets$1,952 $1,498 
Restricted cash included in prepaid and other current assets (1)
 40 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as presented in our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows$1,952 $1,538 
(1)In 2020, restricted cash represents contributions held as part of the Company's Charitable Foundation which is consolidated as of September 30, 2020. In 2019 and 2018, restricted cash was used to fund capital expenditures and technical resources to enhance Whirlpool China's research and development and working capital, as required by the terms of the Whirlpool China (formerly Hefei Sanyo) acquisition.
(4)    INVENTORIES
The following table summarizes our inventories at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
Millions of dollarsSeptember 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Finished products$1,708 $1,979 
Raw materials and work in process627 602 
2,335 2,581 
Less: excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost(119)(143)
Total inventories$2,216 $2,438 
LIFO inventories represented 41% and 43% of total inventories at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
(5)    PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
The following table summarizes our property, plant and equipment at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
Millions of dollarsSeptember 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Land$91 $97 
Buildings1,540 1,540 
Machinery and equipment8,186 8,108 
Accumulated depreciation(6,681)(6,444)
Property, plant and equipment, net$3,136 $3,301 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we disposed of buildings, machinery and equipment with a net book value of $20 million. The net gain on the disposals were not material.

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(6)    FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
Debt Offering

On May 7, 2020, Whirlpool Corporation (the “Company”), completed its offering of $500 million in principal amount of 4.60% Senior Notes due 2050 (the “Notes”), in a public offering pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-224381). The Notes were issued under an indenture (the “Indenture”), dated March 20, 2000, between the Company, as issuer, and U.S. Bank National Association (as successor to Citibank, N.A.), as trustee. The notes contain covenants that limit the Company's ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The Company used the net proceeds from the sale of the Notes to repay a portion of the outstanding borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility, as amended and restated, dated as of August 6, 2019, among the Company, certain other borrowers, the lenders referred to therein, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as administrative agent and Citibank, N.A., as syndication agent.
On February 21, 2020, Whirlpool EMEA Finance S.à r.l., an indirect, wholly-owned finance subsidiary of Whirlpool Corporation, completed a bond offering consisting of €500 million (approximately $540 million at closing) in principal amount of 0.50% Senior Notes due in 2028 (the "Notes") in a public offering pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-224381). The Notes were issued under an indenture, dated February 21, 2020, among Whirlpool EMEA Finance S.à r.l, as issuer, the Company, as parent guarantor, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. Whirlpool Corporation has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the Notes on a senior unsecured basis. The Notes contain covenants that limit Whirlpool Corporation's ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the Notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest.
On February 26, 2019, Whirlpool Corporation completed a bond offering consisting of $700 million in principal amount of 4.75% Senior Notes due in 2029. The Notes were issued under an indenture (the “Indenture”), dated March 20, 2000, between the Company, as issuer, and U.S. Bank National Association (as successor to Citibank, N.A.), as trustee. The notes contain covenants that limit Whirlpool Corporation's ability to incur certain liens or enter into certain sale and lease-back transactions. In addition, if we experience a specific kind of change of control, we are required to make an offer to purchase all of the notes at a purchase price of 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The notes are registered pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-224381).
Debt Repayment
On March 12, 2020, €500 million (approximately $566 million at repayment) of 0.625% senior notes matured and were repaid.
On August 9, 2019, we repaid $1.0 billion pursuant to our April 23, 2018 Term Loan Agreement with Citibank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, and certain other financial institutions, representing full repayment of amounts borrowed under the term loan. As previously disclosed, we agreed to repay this term loan amount with the net cash proceeds received from the sale of our Embraco business unit to Nidec Corporation, which closed on July 1, 2019.
On March 1, 2019, $250 million of 2.40% senior notes matured and were repaid.
On February 27, 2019, we repaid €600 million (approximately $673 million) pursuant to our June 5, 2018 Term Loan Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Administrative Agent, and certain other financial institutions (the "Whirlpool EMEA Finance Term Loan"), representing full repayment of amounts borrowed under the Whirlpool EMEA Finance Term Loan.






13


Credit Facilities
On April 27, 2020, Whirlpool Corporation entered into a revolving 364-Day Credit Agreement (the “364-Day Facility”) by and among the Company, the lenders referred to therein, and Citibank, N.A. as Administrative Agent. The 364-Day Facility provides aggregate borrowing capacity of $500 million, and has a termination date of April 26, 2021. The interest and fee rates payable with respect to the 364-Day Facility based on the Company’s current debt rating are as follows: (1) the Eurodollar Margin is 1.625%; (2) the spread over prime is 0.625%; and (3) the unused commitment fee is 0.400%. The 364-Day Facility contains customary covenants and warranties which are consistent with the Company’s $3.5 billion revolving credit facility, including, among other things, a debt to capitalization ratio of less than or equal to 0.65 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, and a rolling twelve month interest coverage ratio required to be greater than or equal to 3.0 for each fiscal quarter. In addition, the covenants limit the Company’s ability to (or to permit any subsidiaries to), subject to various exceptions and limitations: (i) merge with other companies; (ii) create liens on its property; and (iii) incur debt at the subsidiary level.
On August 6, 2019, Whirlpool Corporation entered into a Fourth Amended and Restated Long-Term Credit Agreement (the "Amended Long-Term Facility", or "revolving credit facility") by and among the Company, certain other borrowers, the lenders referred to therein, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as Administrative Agent, and Citibank, N.A., as Syndication Agent. The Amended Long-Term Facility provides aggregate borrowing capacity of $3.5 billion, an increase of $500 million from the Company's prior amended and restated credit agreement. The Amended Long-Term Facility has a maturity date of August 6, 2024, unless earlier terminated. The interest and fee rates payable with respect to the Amended Long-Term Facility based on our current debt rating are as follows: (1) the spread over EURIBOR is 1.125%; (2) the spread over prime is 0.125%; and (3) the unused commitment fee is 0.100%. The Amended Long-Term Facility contains customary covenants and warranties including, among other things, a debt to capitalization ratio of less than or equal to 0.65 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, and a rolling twelve month interest coverage ratio required to be greater than or equal to 3.0 for each fiscal quarter. In addition, the covenants limit our ability to (or to permit any subsidiaries to), subject to various exceptions and limitations: (i) merge with other companies; (ii) create liens on our property; (iii) incur debt at the subsidiary level.
We are in compliance with both our debt to capitalization ratio and interest coverage ratio under the revolving credit facilities as of September 30, 2020.
In addition to the committed $3.5 billion Amended Long-Term Facility and the $500 million 364-Day Credit Agreement, we have committed credit facilities in Brazil and India. The committed credit facilities in Brazil and India provide borrowings up to 1 billion Brazilian reais and 1 billion Indian rupees (totaling approximately $191 million at September 30, 2020 and $262 million at December 31, 2019), maturing through 2022. On August 5, 2019 we terminated a €250 million European revolving credit facility that we entered into in July 2015. The termination of this facility did not have a material impact on our Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
Facility Borrowings
On March 13, 2020, we initiated a borrowing of approximately $2.2 billion under the Amended Long-Term Facility, for which a portion of the proceeds from the borrowing were used to fund commercial paper repayment. We repaid $500 million of this Amended Long-Term Facility borrowing with the proceeds from our May 2020 Notes offering. We repaid an additional $500 million of this Amended Long-Term Facility borrowing by drawing on the full amount of the 364-Day Facility.
As of September 30, 2020, we had aggregate borrowing capacity of approximately $2.5 billion on our committed credit facilities, consisting of $2.3 billion under the Amended Long-Term Facility and approximately $191 million under our committed credit facilities in Brazil and India.
Notes Payable
Notes payable, which consist of short-term borrowings payable to banks or commercial paper, are generally used to fund working capital requirements. The fair value of our notes payable approximates the carrying amount due to the short maturity of these obligations.




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The following table summarizes the carrying value of notes payable at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
Millions of dollarsSeptember 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Commercial paper$ $274 
Short-term borrowings due to banks1,735 20 
Total notes payable$1,735 $294 

Short-term borrowings due to banks include amounts outstanding under the Amended Long-Term Facility, which are expected to be repaid in the next twelve months.
Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets
In an effort to manage economic and geographic trade customer risk, from time to time, the Company will transfer, primarily without recourse, accounts receivable balances of certain customers to financial institutions resulting in a nominal impact recorded in interest and sundry (income) expense. These transactions are accounted for as sales of the receivables resulting in the receivables being de-recognized from the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. These transfers primarily do not require continuing involvement from the Company, however certain arrangements include servicing of transferred receivables by Whirlpool. Outstanding accounts receivable transferred under arrangements where the Company continues to service the transferred asset were $73 million and $348 million as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
(7)    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Embraco Antitrust Matters
Beginning in February 2009, our former Embraco compressor business headquartered in Brazil ("Embraco") was notified of antitrust investigations of the global compressor industry by government authorities in various jurisdictions. Embraco resolved the government investigations and related claims in various jurisdictions and certain other claims remain pending.
Whirlpool agreed to retain potential liabilities related to this matter following closing of the Embraco sale transaction. We continue to defend these actions. While it is currently not possible to reasonably estimate the aggregate amount of costs which we may incur in connection with these matters, such costs could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.
BEFIEX Credits and Other Brazil Tax Matters
In previous years, our Brazilian operations earned tax credits under the Brazilian government's export incentive program (BEFIEX). These credits reduced Brazilian federal excise taxes on domestic sales.
In December 2013, the Brazilian government reinstituted the monetary adjustment index applicable to BEFIEX credits that existed prior to July 2009, when the Brazilian government required companies to apply a different monetary adjustment index to BEFIEX credits. Whether use of the reinstituted index should be given retroactive effect for the July 2009 to December 2013 period was subject to review by the Brazilian courts. In the third quarter of 2017, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled that the reinstituted index should be given retroactive effect for the July 2009 to December 2013 period, which ruling was subsequently affirmed by the Brazilian Supreme Court, and is now final. Based on this ruling, we were entitled to recognize $72 million in additional credits, which were recognized in prior periods. At September 30, 2020no BEFIEX credits remain to be monetized.
Our Brazilian operations have received tax assessments for income and social contribution taxes associated with certain monetized BEFIEX credits. We do not believe BEFIEX credits are subject to income or social contribution taxes. We believe these tax assessments are without merit and are vigorously defending our positions. We have not provided for income or social contribution taxes on these BEFIEX credits, and based on the opinions of tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments at September 30, 2020. The total amount of outstanding tax assessments received for income and social contribution taxes relating to the BEFIEX credits, including interest and penalties, is approximately 2.0 billion Brazilian reais (approximately $349 million at September 30, 2020).

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Relying on existing Brazilian legal precedent, in 2003 and 2004, we recognized tax credits in an aggregate amount of $26 million, adjusted for currency, on the purchase of raw materials used in production ("IPI tax credits"). The Brazilian tax authority subsequently challenged the recording of IPI tax credits. No such credits have been recognized since 2004. In 2009, we entered into a Brazilian government program ("IPI Amnesty") which provided extended payment terms and reduced penalties and interest to encourage tax payers to resolve this and certain other disputed tax credit amounts. As permitted by the program, we elected to settle certain debts through the use of other existing tax credits and recorded charges of approximately $34 million in 2009 associated with these matters. In July 2012, the Brazilian revenue authority notified us that a portion of our proposed settlement was rejected and we received tax assessments of 257 million Brazilian reais (approximately $46 million at September 30, 2020), reflecting interest and penalties to date. We believe these tax assessments are without merit and we are vigorously defending our position. The government's assessment in this case relies heavily on its arguments regarding taxability of BEFIEX credits for certain years, which we are disputing in one of the BEFIEX government assessment cases cited in the prior paragraph. Because the IPI Amnesty case is moving faster than the BEFIEX taxability case, we could be required to pay the IPI Amnesty assessment before obtaining a final decision in the BEFIEX taxability case.
We have received tax assessments from the Brazilian federal tax authorities relating to amounts allegedly due regarding unemployment/social security insurance taxes (PIS/COFINS) for tax credits recognized since 2007. These credits were recognized for inputs to certain manufacturing and other business processes. These assessments are being challenged at the administrative and judicial levels in Brazil. The total amount of outstanding tax assessments received for credits recognized for PIS/COFINS inputs is approximately 301 million Brazilian reais (approximately $53 million at September 30, 2020). We believe these tax assessments are without merit and are vigorously defending our positions. Based on the opinion of our tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amount related to these assessments.
In addition to the IPI tax credit and PIS/COFINS inputs matters noted above, other assessments issued by the Brazilian tax authorities related to indirect and income tax matters, and other matters, are at various stages of review in numerous administrative and judicial proceedings. The amounts related to these assessments will continue to be increased by monetary adjustments at the Selic rate, which is the benchmark rate set by the Brazilian Central Bank. In accordance with our accounting policies, we routinely assess these matters and, when necessary, record our best estimate of a loss. We believe these tax assessments are without merit and are vigorously defending our positions.
Litigation is inherently unpredictable and the conclusion of these matters may take many years to ultimately resolve. We may experience additional delays in resolving these matters as a result of COVID-19-related administrative and judicial system temporary delays and closures in Brazil. Amounts at issue in potential future litigation could increase as a result of interest and penalties in future periods. Accordingly, it is possible that an unfavorable outcome in these proceedings could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.
ICMS Credits
We also filed legal actions in Brazil to recover certain social integration and social contribution taxes paid over gross sales including ICMS receipts, which is a form of Value Added Tax in Brazil. During 2017, we sold the rights to certain portions of this litigation to a third party for 90 million Brazilian reais (approximately $27 million at December 31, 2017). In the first quarter of 2019, we received a favorable decision in the largest of these ICMS legal actions. This decision is final and not subject to appeals. Based on the opinion of our tax and legal advisors, we recognized a gain of approximately $84 million, after related taxes and fees and based on exchange rates then in effect, during the first quarter of 2019 in connection with this decision. This amount reflects approximately $142 million in indirect tax credits ("credits") that we are entitled to monetize in future periods, offset by approximately $58 million in taxes and fees, which have been paid.
In the second quarter of 2019, we received favorable final, non-appealable decisions in two smaller ICMS legal actions. Based on the opinion of our tax and legal advisors, we recognized a gain of approximately $35 million, after related taxes and fees and based on exchange rates then in effect, during the second quarter of 2019 in connection with this decision. This amount reflects approximately $54 million in credits that we are entitled to monetize in future periods, offset by approximately $18 million in taxes, which have been paid, and $1 million in fees that we anticipate will be paid in 2020.

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The ICMS credits and related fees were recorded in interest and sundry (income) expense in our Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). The Brazilian tax authorities have sought clarification before the Brazilian Supreme Court (in a leading case involving another taxpayer) of certain matters, including the amount of these credits (i.e., the gross rate or net credit amount), and certain other matters that could affect the rights of Brazilian taxpayers regarding these credits, and a scheduled hearing has been delayed and it is not known when such hearing will be rescheduled. If the Brazilian tax authorities challenge our rights to these credits, we may become subject to new litigation related to credits already monetized and/or disallowance of further credit monetization. Based on the opinions of our tax and legal advisors, we have not accrued any amounts related to potential future litigation regarding these credits.
Competition Investigation
In 2013, the French Competition Authority ("FCA") commenced an investigation of appliance manufacturers and retailers in France, including Whirlpool and Indesit. The FCA investigation was split into two parts, and in December 2018, we finalized settlement with the FCA on the first part for a total fine of €102 million, with €56 million attributable to Whirlpool's France business and €46 million attributable to Indesit's France business. Payment of final amounts were made in 2019, including payment by Indesit's previous owners of €17 million out of escrow to the Company. The second part of the FCA investigation, which is expected to focus primarily on manufacturer interactions with retailers, is ongoing. The Company is cooperating with this investigation.
Although it is currently not possible to assess the impact, if any, that matters related to the FCA investigation may have on our financial statements, matters related to the FCA investigation could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.
Trade Customer Insolvency
In 2017, Alno AG and certain affiliated companies filed for insolvency protection in Germany. Bauknecht Hausgeräte GmbH, a subsidiary of the Company, was a long-standing supplier to Alno and certain of its affiliated companies. The Company was also a former indirect minority shareholder of Alno. In August 2018, the insolvency trustee asserted €174.5 million in clawback and related claims against Bauknecht. In January 2020, we entered into an agreement to settle all potential claims that the insolvency trustee may have related to this matter, resulting in a one-time charge of €52.75 million (approximately $59 million as of December 31, 2019), which was recorded in interest and sundry (income) expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended December 31, 2019 and paid in 2020 as planned.
Other Litigation
See Note 13 for information on certain U.S. income tax litigation. In addition, we are currently defending against two lawsuits that have been certified for treatment as class actions in U.S. federal court, relating to two top-load washing machine models. In December 2019, the court in one of these lawsuits entered summary judgment in Whirlpool's favor. That ruling remains subject to appeal, and the other lawsuit is ongoing. We believe the lawsuits are without merit and are vigorously defending them. Given the preliminary stage of the proceedings, we cannot reasonably estimate a range of loss, if any, at this time. The resolution of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements in any particular reporting period.
We are currently vigorously defending a number of other lawsuits related to the manufacture and sale of our products which include class action allegations, and may become involved in similar actions. These lawsuits allege claims which include negligence, breach of contract, breach of warranty, product liability and safety claims, false advertising, fraud, and violation of federal and state regulations, including consumer protection laws. In general, we do not have insurance coverage for class action lawsuits. We are also involved in various other legal actions arising in the normal course of business, for which insurance coverage may or may not be available depending on the nature of the action. We dispute the merits of these suits and actions, and intend to vigorously defend them. Management believes, based upon its current knowledge, after taking into consideration legal counsel's evaluation of such suits and actions, and after taking into account current litigation accruals, that the outcome of these matters currently pending against Whirlpool should not have a material adverse effect, if any, on our financial statements. We may experience additional delays in resolving these and other pending litigation matters as a result of COVID-19-related temporary court and administrative body closures and postponements.

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Product Warranty and Legacy Product Corrective Action Reserves
Product warranty reserves are included in other current and other noncurrent liabilities in our Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets. The following table summarizes the changes in total product warranty liability reserves for the periods presented:
Product Warranty
Millions of dollars20202019
Balance at January 1$383 $268 
Issuances/accruals during the period178 329 
Settlements made during the period/other(272)(208)
Balance at September 30
$289 $389 
Current portion$186 $262 
Non-current portion104 127 
Total$289 $389 

In the normal course of business, we engage in investigations of potential quality and safety issues. As part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to consumers, we are currently investigating certain potential quality and safety issues globally. As necessary, we undertake to effect repair or replacement of appliances in the event that an investigation leads to the conclusion that such action is warranted.

As part of this process, we investigated incident reports associated with a particular component in certain Indesit-designed horizontal axis washers produced in EMEA. In January 2020, we commenced a product recall in the UK and Ireland for these EMEA-produced washers, for which the recall is ongoing. In the third quarter of 2019, we accrued approximately $105 million in estimated product warranty expense related to this matter. This estimate is based on several assumptions which are inherently unpredictable and which we may need to materially revise in the future. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, settlements of approximately $55 million have been incurred related to this product recall. In the third quarter of 2020, we recorded a benefit of $13 million related to a vendor recovery in our ongoing EMEA-produced washer corrective action.

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2019, we incurred approximately $26 million of additional product warranty expense related to our previously disclosed legacy Indesit dryer corrective action campaign in the UK. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we incurred no additional material product warranty expense related to this campaign. We continue to cooperate with the UK regulator, which continues to review the overall effectiveness of the modification program.
Guarantees
We have guarantee arrangements in a Brazilian subsidiary. For certain creditworthy customers, the subsidiary guarantees customer lines of credit at commercial banks to support purchases following its normal credit policies. If a customer were to default on its line of credit with the bank, our subsidiary would be required to assume the line of credit and satisfy the obligation with the bank. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the guaranteed amounts totaled 463 million Brazilian reais (approximately $82 million at September 30, 2020) and 577 million Brazilian reais (approximately $143 million at December 31, 2019), respectively. The fair value of these guarantees were nominal at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Our subsidiary insures against a significant portion of this credit risk for these guarantees, under normal operating conditions, through policies purchased from high-quality underwriters.
We provide guarantees of indebtedness and lines of credit for various consolidated subsidiaries. The maximum contractual amount of indebtedness and lines of credit available under these lines for consolidated subsidiaries totaled $3.4 billion at September 30, 2020 and $2.6 billion at December 31, 2019. Our total short-term outstanding bank indebtedness under guarantees was nominal at both September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

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(8)    PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
The following table summarizes the components of net periodic pension cost and the cost of other postretirement benefits for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended September 30,
United States
Pension Benefits
Foreign
Pension Benefits
Other Postretirement
Benefits
Millions of dollars202020192020201920202019
Service cost$1 $1 $1 $1 $1 $2 
Interest cost25 30 4 5 1 4 
Expected return on plan assets(42)(44)(7)(6)