0001060349-20-000012.txt : 20200508 0001060349-20-000012.hdr.sgml : 20200508 20200508161144 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001060349-20-000012 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 63 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20200331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20200508 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20200508 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET AL CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001060349 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SECURITY BROKERS, DEALERS & FLOTATION COMPANIES [6211] IRS NUMBER: 134007862 STATE OF INCORPORATION: DE FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-14761 FILM NUMBER: 20860658 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: ONE CORPORATE CENTER STREET 2: 401 THEODORE FREMD AVENUE CITY: RYE STATE: NY ZIP: 10580 BUSINESS PHONE: 9149213700 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: ONE CORPORATE CENTER STREET 2: 401 THEODORE FREMD AVENUE CITY: RYE STATE: NY ZIP: 10580 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: GABELLI ASSET MANAGEMENT INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19990112 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: ALPHA G INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19980423 10-Q 1 form10q0320.htm FORM10Q12020  
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
or
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___ to ___

Commission File No. 001-14761

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
 
13-4007862
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
 
 
 
191 Mason Street, Greenwich, CT 06830
One Corporate Center, Rye, NY 10580
 
 
 
(203) 629-2726
(Address of principle executive offices)(Zip Code)
 
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
 
 
 
 
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
GBL
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
   
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of Common Stock, as of the latest practical date.
Class
 
Outstanding at April 30, 2020
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value
  (Including 1,040,900  restricted stock awards)
8,666,148
Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
19,024,117


GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX
 
   
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
     
Item 1.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of March 31, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019
3
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)
4
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)
5
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)
6
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)
7
     
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
8
     
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
18
     
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
27
     
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
28
     
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION *
 
     
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
28
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
29
     
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
29
     
Item 6.
Exhibits
30
     
 
Signature 
30

* Items other than those listed above have been omitted because they are not applicable.

2

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
UNAUDITED
(in thousands, except per share data)

 
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
ASSETS
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
77,834
   
$
86,136
 
Investments in equity securities, at fair value
   
17,819
     
27,726
 
Investments in debt securities, at amortized cost
   
2,998
     
6,547
 
Receivable from brokers
   
3,808
     
989
 
Investment advisory fees receivable
   
19,249
     
36,093
 
Receivable from affiliates
   
3,917
     
3,940
 
Goodwill and identifiable intangible assets
   
3,337
     
3,765
 
Deferred tax asset and income taxes receivable
   
11,043
     
16,389
 
Other assets
   
7,459
     
8,301
 
Total assets
 
$
147,464
   
$
189,886
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Income taxes payable
  $
219
    $
757
 
Lease liability obligations
   
5,315
     
5,431
 
Compensation payable
   
21,291
     
64,279
 
Payable to affiliates
   
265
     
3,982
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
30,833
     
36,529
 
Sub-total
   
57,923
     
110,978
 
Senior Notes (net of issuance costs of $28 and $34, respectively) (due June 1, 2021) (Note 7)
   
24,197
     
24,191
 
Total liabilities
   
82,120
     
135,169
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
   
-
     
-
 
                 
Stockholders' Equity
               
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
   
-
     
-
 
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 16,582,676 and 16,202,726 shares issued, respectively; 8,681,147 and 8,356,290 shares outstanding, respectively
   
14
     
14
 
Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 24,000,000 shares issued; 19,024,117 and 19,024,117 shares outstanding, respectively
   
19
     
19
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
17,974
     
17,033
 
Retained earnings
   
373,208
     
362,515
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(265
)
   
(204
)
Treasury stock, at cost (7,901,529 and 7,846,436 shares, respectively)
   
(325,606
)
   
(324,660
)
Total stockholders' equity
   
65,344
     
54,717
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
147,464
   
$
189,886
 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
UNAUDITED
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data) 

   
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Revenues
           
Investment advisory and incentive fees
 
$
62,273
   
$
65,888
 
Distribution fees and other income
   
7,294
     
8,448
 
Total revenues
   
69,567
     
74,336
 
Expenses
               
Compensation
   
29,250
     
30,347
 
Management fee
   
1,665
     
1,449
 
Distribution costs
   
7,630
     
8,670
 
Other operating expenses
   
5,702
     
5,257
 
Total expenses
   
44,247
     
45,723
 
 
               
Operating income
   
25,320
     
28,613
 
Non-operating income / (loss)
               
Loss from investments, net
   
(10,237
)
   
(1,895
)
Interest and dividend income
   
544
     
724
 
Interest expense
   
(647
)
   
(655
)
Total non-operating loss
   
(10,340
)
   
(1,826
)
Income before income taxes
   
14,980
     
26,787
 
Income tax provision
   
3,735
     
6,895
 
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
 
               
Earnings per share:
               
Basic
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
Diluted
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
               
Basic
   
26,687
     
28,507
 
Diluted
   
26,770
     
28,539
 


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
UNAUDITED
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
 
       
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
Other comprehensive income / (loss):
               
Foreign currency translation gain / (loss)
   
(61
)
   
20
 
Total comprehensive income
 
$
11,184
   
$
19,912
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.

5

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
UNAUDITED
(In thousands)

             
Accumulated
         
     
Additional
     
Other
         
 
Common
 
Paid-in
 
Retained
 
Comprehensive
 
Treasury
     
 
Stock
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Loss
 
Stock
 
Total
 
Balance at December 31, 2019
 
$
33
   
$
17,033
   
$
362,515
   
$
(204
)
 
$
(324,660
)
 
$
54,717
 
Net income
   
-
     
-
     
11,245
     
-
     
-
     
11,245
 
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(61
)
   
-
     
(61
)
Dividends declared ($0.02 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
(552
)
   
-
     
-
     
(552
)
Stock based compensation expense
   
-
     
941
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
941
 
Purchase of treasury stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(946
)
   
(946
)
Balance at March 31, 2020
 
$
33
   
$
17,974
   
$
373,208
   
$
(265
)
 
$
(325,606
)
 
$
65,344
 


                     
Accumulated
             
         
Additional
         
Other
             
   
Common
   
Paid-in
   
Retained
   
Comprehensive
   
Treasury
       
   
Stock
   
Capital
   
Earnings
   
Income / (Loss)
   
Stock
   
Total
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
33
   
$
14,192
   
$
282,928
   
$
(240
)
 
$
(287,303
)
 
$
9,610
 
Net income
   
-
     
-
     
19,892
     
-
     
-
     
19,892
 
Adoption of ASU 2016-02
   
-
     
-
     
(106
)
   
-
     
-
     
(106
)
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
20
     
-
     
20
 
Dividends declared ($0.02 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
(575
)
   
-
     
-
     
(575
)
Stock based compensation expense
   
-
     
577
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
577
 
Purchase of treasury stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(2,547
)
   
(2,547
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
33
   
$
14,769
   
$
302,139
   
$
(220
)
 
$
(289,850
)
 
$
26,871
 



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
UNAUDITED
(in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
209
     
313
 
Accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums
   
36
     
-
 
Stock based compensation expense
   
941
     
577
 
Deferred income taxes
   
8,281
     
4,015
 
Foreign currency translation gain / (loss)
   
(61
)
   
20
 
Cost basis of donated securities
   
-
     
1,691
 
Unrealized loss on securities
   
5,906
     
920
 
Net realized loss on securities
   
530
     
6
 
Impairment charge on intangible asset
   
428
     
-
 
(Increase) decrease in assets:
               
Investments in securities
   
3,647
     
2,686
 
Receivable from brokers
   
(2,818
)
   
(106
)
Investment advisory fees receivable
   
16,844
     
2,619
 
Receivable from affiliates
   
15
     
(239
)
Income taxes receivable
   
(2,936
)
   
(660
)
Other assets
   
621
     
(623
)
Increase (decrease) in liabilities:
               
Payable to brokers
   
-
     
366
 
Income taxes payable
   
(536
)
   
1,664
 
Compensation payable
   
(42,984
)
   
(1,267
)
Payable to affiliates
   
(3,717
)
   
(1,041
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
(5,826
)
   
(1,393
)
Total adjustments
   
(21,420
)
   
9,548
 
Net cash provided by / (used in) operating activities
   
(10,175
)
   
29,440
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchases of securities
   
(151
)
   
(3,393
)
Proceeds from sales and repayments of securities
   
3,487
     
252
 
Return of capital on securities
   
2
     
5
 
Net cash provided by / (used in) investing activities
   
3,338
     
(3,136
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Dividends paid
   
(533
)
   
(571
)
Purchase of treasury stock
   
(946
)
   
(2,547
)
Amortization of debt issuance costs
   
-
     
6
 
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(1,479
)
   
(3,112
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
14
     
(5
)
Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(8,302
)
   
23,187
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
86,136
     
41,202
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
77,834
   
$
64,389
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid for interest
 
$
279
   
$
279
 
Cash paid for taxes
 
$
800
   
$
764
 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activity:
For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, the Company accrued dividends on restricted stock awards of $18 and $8, respectively.

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2020
(Unaudited)

Organization and Description of Business

Unless indicated otherwise, or the context otherwise requires, references in this report to “GAMCO Investors, Inc.,” “GAMCO,” “the Company,” “the Firm,” and “GBL” or similar terms are to GAMCO Investors, Inc., its predecessors and its subsidiaries.
 
GAMCO (New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”): GBL), a company incorporated under the laws of Delaware, is a widely-recognized provider of investment advisory services through 24 mutual funds, 16 closed-end funds, one société d’investissement à capital variable (“SICAV”), and approximately 1,700 institutional and private wealth management (“Institutional and PWM”) accounts principally in the United States (U.S.).  The investments are generally in value, growth, gold, utilities, and convertible securities. The Company’s revenues are based primarily on the levels of assets under management (“AUM”) and fees associated with the various investment products.
 
Since the Company’s inception in 1977, its value assets have been identified with its research-driven approach to equity investing and proprietary Private Market Value (PMV) with a CatalystTM investment approach.

The investment advisory business is conducted principally through the following subsidiaries: Gabelli Funds, LLC (mutual and closed-end funds) (“Gabelli Funds”) and GAMCO Asset Management Inc. (Institutional and PWM) (“GAMCO Asset”). The distribution of mutual funds is conducted through G.distributors, LLC (“G.distributors”), the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary.

1.  Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for the fair presentation of financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of GAMCO for the interim periods presented and are not necessarily indicative of a full year’s results.
 
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries: Gabelli Funds, GAMCO Asset, Distributors Holdings, Inc., G.distributors, GAMCO Asset Management (UK) Limited, Gabelli Fixed Income, Inc., Gabelli Fixed Income L.L.C., GAMCO International Partners LLC, and GAMCO Acquisition LLC. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
 
These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Developments

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which amends the guidance in U.S. GAAP for the accounting for leases with terms longer than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities arising from these leases in the consolidated statement of financial position. It requires these leases to be recorded on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets and offsetting lease liability obligations. The guidance was effective for the Company on January 1, 2019 and the Company adopted this guidance on that date. The Company has elected the transition method allowed under ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, which does not require restatement of comparative periods, but instead requires a cumulative adjustment to opening retained earnings at the January 1, 2019 adoption date. The Company has performed the analysis on the transition to this guidance and, as a result, recorded a $106 thousand reduction to retained earnings, a $650 thousand increase to other assets, and a $756 thousand increase to lease liability obligations.


8

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Accounting for Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires an organization to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Currently, U.S. GAAP requires an “incurred loss” methodology that delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. Under ASU 2016-13, the allowance for credit losses must be deducted from the amortized cost of the financial asset to present the net amount expected to be collected. The consolidated statement of income will reflect the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates (ASU 2019-10), which deferred the effective date of this guidance for smaller reporting companies for three years. This guidance is effective for the Company on January 1, 2023 and requires a modified retrospective transition method, which will result in a cumulative-effect adjustment in retained earnings upon adoption. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact of this new guidance on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”), which simplifies the process used to test for goodwill impairment by eliminating the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill, and instead any goodwill impairment will be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, which deferred the effective date of this guidance for smaller reporting companies for three years. This guidance will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2023 using a prospective transition method and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential effect of this new guidance on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

2.  Revenue Recognition

The discussion below includes all material revenue streams that are within the scope of ASU 2014-09, Revenue From Contracts With Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”). In all cases for all revenue streams discussed below, the revenue generated is from a single transaction price and there is no need to allocate the amounts across more than a single revenue stream. The customer for all revenues derived from mutual and closed-end funds (collectively, the “Funds”) described in detail below has been determined to be each Fund itself and not the ultimate underlying investor in each Fund.

Significant judgments that affect the amounts and timing of revenue recognition:

The Company’s analysis of the timing of revenue recognition for each revenue stream is based upon an analysis of the current terms of each contract.  Performance obligations could, however, change from time to time if and when existing contracts are modified or new contracts are entered into.  These changes could potentially affect the timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, the determination of the transaction price, and the allocation of the price to performance obligations.  In the case of the revenue streams discussed below, the performance obligation is satisfied either at a point in time or over time.  For incentive fee revenues, the performance obligation (advising a client portfolio) is satisfied over time, while the recognition of revenues effectively occurs at the end of the measurement period as defined within the contract, as such amounts are subject to reduction to zero on the date where the measurement period ends even if the performance benchmarks were exceeded during the intervening period.  The judgments outlined below, where the determination as to these factors is discussed in detail, are continually reviewed and monitored by the Company when new contracts or contract modifications occur.  Transaction price is in all instances formulaic and not subject to significant (or any) judgment at the current time.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is subject to judgment.

Advisory Fee Revenues

Advisory fees for Funds, sub-advisory accounts, and the SICAV are earned based on predetermined percentages of the average net assets of the individual Funds and are recognized as revenues as the related services are performed. Fees for mutual funds, one non-U.S. closed-end Fund, sub-advisory accounts, and the SICAV are computed on a daily basis based on average daily net AUM. Fees for U.S. closed-end Funds are computed on average weekly net AUM and fees for one non-U.S. closed-end Fund are computed on a daily basis based on daily market value. These fees are received in cash after the end of each monthly period within 30 days.  The revenue recognition occurs ratably as the performance obligation (advising the Fund) is met continuously over time. There is a risk of non-payment and, therefore, an impairment loss on these receivables is possible at each reporting date. There were no such impairment losses for the periods presented.

9

Advisory fees for Institutional and PWM accounts are earned based on predetermined percentages of the AUM and are generally computed quarterly based on account values at the end of the preceding quarter. The revenue recognition occurs daily as the performance obligation (advising the client portfolio) is met continuously.  These fees are received in cash, typically within 60 days of the client being billed.  There is a risk of non-payment and, therefore, an impairment loss on these receivables is possible at each reporting date.  There were no such impairment losses for the periods presented.

Performance Correlated and Conditional Revenues

Investment advisory fees are earned on a portion of some closed-end Funds’ preferred shares at year-end if the total return to common shareholders of the respective closed-end Fund for the year exceeds the dividend rate of the preferred shares. These fees are recognized at the end of the measurement period, which coincides with the calendar year.  These fees would also be earned and the contract period ended at any interim point in time that the respective preferred shares are redeemed.  These fees are received in cash after the end of each annual measurement period, within 30 days.

Two closed-end Funds charge incentive fees.  For The GDL Fund (GDL), there is an incentive fee, which is earned and recognized as of the end of each calendar year and varies to the extent the total return of the Fund is in excess of the ICE Bank of America Merrill Lynch 3-month U.S. Treasury Bill Index total return.  For the Gabelli Merger Plus+ Trust Plc (GMP), there is an incentive fee, which is earned and recognized as of the end of each annual measurement period, June 30th, and varies to the extent the total return of the Fund is in excess of twice the rate of return of the 13-week Treasury Bills over the performance period.

A SICAV sub-fund, the GAMCO Merger Arbitrage SICAV, charges a performance fee.  This fee is recognized at the end of the measurement period, which coincides with the calendar year.  The fee would also be earned and the measurement period ended at any interim point in time that a client redeemed their respective shares.  This fee is received in cash after the end of the measurement period, within 30 days.

The Company also receives incentive fees from certain institutional clients, which are based upon exceeding either a specific benchmark index or a defined return for these accounts.  These fees are recognized at the end of the stipulated contract period, which is generally annually, for each respective account.  These fees would also be earned and the contract period ended at any interim point in time that the client terminated its relationship with the Company.  These fees are received in cash after the end of the measurement period, typically within 60 days.

In all cases of the incentive fees, because of the variable nature of the consideration, revenue recognition is delayed until it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur, which is generally when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved (for example, the measurement period has concluded and the hurdle rate has been exceeded).  There is a risk of non-payment and, therefore, an impairment loss on these receivables is possible at each reporting date.  There were no such impairment losses for the periods presented.

Distribution Fees and Other Income

Distribution fees and other income primarily includes distribution fee revenue earned in accordance with Rule 12b-1 of the Company Act of 1940, as amended, along with sales charges and underwriting fees associated with the sale of the class A shares of mutual funds. Distribution fees are computed based on average daily net assets of certain classes of each Fund and are accrued during the period in which they are earned.  These fees are received in cash after the end of each monthly period within 30 days.  In evaluating the appropriate timing of the recognition of these fees, the Company applied the guidance on up-front fees to determine whether such fees are related to the transfer of a promised service (a distinct performance obligation). The Company’s conclusion is that the service being provided by G.distributors to the customer in exchange for the fee is for the initial distribution of certain classes of the mutual funds and is completed at the time of each respective sale. Any fixed amounts are recognized on the trade date and variable amounts are recognized to the extent it is probable that a significant revenue reversal will not occur once the uncertainty is resolved. For variable amounts, as the uncertainty is dependent on the value of the shares at future points in time as well as the length of time the investor remains in the fund, both of which are highly susceptible to factors outside the Company’s influence, the Company does not believe that it can overcome this constraint until the market value of the Fund and the investor activities are known, which are generally monthly. Sales charges and underwriting fees associated with the sale of certain classes of the mutual funds are recognized on the trade date of the sale of the respective shares. There is a risk of non-payment and, therefore, an impairment loss on these receivables is possible at each reporting date. There were no such impairment losses for the periods presented.

10

Revenue Disaggregated

The following table presents the Company’s revenue disaggregated by investment vehicle (in thousands):

   
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Investment advisory and incentive fees:
           
Mutual Funds
 
$
23,556
   
$
26,925
 
Closed-end Funds
   
16,420
     
15,789
 
Sub-advisory accounts
   
732
     
935
 
Institutional & PWM
   
20,005
     
20,726
 
SICAV
   
1,465
     
1,335
 
Performance-based
   
95
     
178
 
Distribution fees and other income
   
7,294
     
8,448
 
Total revenues
 
$
69,567
   
$
74,336
 

3.  Investment in Securities

Investments in equity securities at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following (in thousands):

   
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
   
Cost
   
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Investments in equity securities:
         
Common stocks
 
$
41,148
   
$
16,729
   
$
41,226
   
$
26,463
 
Mutual funds
   
755
     
661
     
755
     
752
 
Closed-end funds
   
494
     
429
     
494
     
511
 
Total investments in equity securities
 
$
42,397
   
$
17,819
   
$
42,475
   
$
27,726
 

Investments in equity securities, including the Company’s investments in common stocks and the Funds, are stated at fair value with any unrealized gains or losses reported in each respective period’s earnings.

Investments in debt securities at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 
March 31, 2020
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross Unrealized
Holding Gains
 
Gross Unrealized
Holding Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Investments in debt securities:
                       
Foreign government obligations
 
$
2,998
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
2,998
 
Total investments in debt securities
 
$
2,998
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
2,998
 

 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross Unrealized
Holding Gains
 
Gross Unrealized
Holding Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Investments in debt securities:
                       
Foreign government obligations
 
$
6,547
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
6,547
 
Total investments in debt securities
 
$
6,547
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
6,547
 

Held-to-maturity investments are stated at amortized cost with any foreign currency remeasurement included in unrealized gains or losses in each respective period’s earnings. The maturity dates of all of the Company’s investments in debt securities are less than one year.

11

4. Fair Value

All of the instruments within cash and cash equivalents and investments in securities are measured at fair value, except for those investments designated as held-to-maturity. The Company’s assets and liabilities recorded at fair value have been categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy in accordance with the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”), guidance on fair value measurement. The levels of the fair value hierarchy and their applicability to the Company are described below:

-  
Level 1 - the valuation methodology utilizes quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the reporting date.  Level 1 assets include cash equivalents, government obligations, open-end funds, closed-end funds, and listed equities.
 
-  
Level 2 - the valuation methodology utilizes inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities that are not active, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly-quoted intervals.
 
-  
Level 3 - the valuation methodology utilizes unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, and includes situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability.

The following tables summarize the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020

Assets
 
Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
   
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
   
Balance as of
March 31,
2020
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
77,481
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
77,481
 
Investments in securities:
                               
Common stocks
   
16,729
     
-
     
-
     
16,729
 
Mutual funds
   
661
     
-
     
-
     
661
 
Closed-end funds
   
429
     
-
     
-
     
429
 
Total investments in securities
   
17,819
     
-
     
-
     
17,819
 
Total assets at fair value
 
$
95,300
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
95,300
 

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2019

Assets
 
Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
   
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
   
Balance as of
December 31,
2019
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
85,823
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
85,823
 
Investments in securities:
                               
Common stocks
   
26,463
     
-
     
-
     
26,463
 
Mutual funds
   
752
     
-
     
-
     
752
 
Closed-end funds
   
511
     
-
     
-
     
511
 
Total investments in securities
   
27,726
     
-
     
-
     
27,726
 
Total assets at fair value
 
$
113,549
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
113,549
 

Cash equivalents primarily consist of an affiliated money market mutual fund which is invested solely in U.S. Treasuries and valued based on the net asset value of the fund.

12

Financial assets disclosed but not carried at fair value

The following table presents the carrying value and fair value of the Company’s investments in debt securities disclosed but not carried at fair value, including those foreign government obligations investments designated as held-to-maturity which are carried at amortized cost remeasured in U.S. dollars, as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):


 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Level 1
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Level 1
 
Foreign government obligations
 
$
2,998
   
$
2,998
   
$
6,547
   
$
6,547
 
Total
 
$
2,998
   
$
2,998
   
$
6,547
   
$
6,547
 

At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Senior Notes were recorded at face value, net of amortized issuance costs, as follows (in thousands) on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition:

 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Level 2
 
Senior notes
 
$
24,197
   
$
24,022
   
$
24,191
   
$
24,815
 
Total
 
$
24,197
   
$
24,022
   
$
24,191
   
$
24,815
 

The carrying value of other financial assets and liabilities approximates their fair value based on the short term nature of these items.

5. Income Taxes
 
The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was 24.9% and 25.7%, respectively.

6. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated using the treasury stock method by dividing net income by the total weighted average shares of common stock outstanding and restricted stock awards. The computations of basic and diluted net income per share were as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Basic:
           
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
26,687
     
28,507
 
Basic net income per share
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
 
               
Diluted:
               
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
 
               
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
26,687
     
28,507
 
Restricted stock awards
   
83
     
32
 
Total
   
26,770
     
28,539
 
 
               
Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 


13

7. Debt

Senior Notes

On May 31, 2011, the Company issued 10-year, $100 million senior notes (“Senior Notes”).  The Senior Notes mature on June 1, 2021 and bear interest at 5.875% per annum, payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year and commenced on December 1, 2011.  Upon the occurrence of a change of control triggering event, as defined in the indenture, the Company would be required to offer to repurchase the Senior Notes at 101% of their principal amount plus accrued interest.

At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the debt was recorded at its face value, net of issuance costs, of $24.2 million.

8. Stockholders Equity
 
Shares outstanding were 27.7 million and 27.4 million on March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Voting Rights

The holders of class A common stock of GBL (“Class A Stock”) and class B common stock of GBL (“Class B Stock”) have identical rights except that (i) holders of Class A Stock are entitled to one vote per share, while holders of Class B Stock are entitled to ten votes per share, on all matters to be voted on by shareholders in general, and (ii) holders of Class A Stock are not eligible to vote on matters relating exclusively to Class B Stock and vice versa.

Stock Award and Incentive Plan
 
The Company maintains a stock award and incentive plan approved by the shareholders (the “Plan”), which is designed to provide incentives which will attract and retain individuals key to the success of GBL through direct or indirect ownership of our common stock. A maximum of 7.5 million shares of Class A Stock have been reserved for issuance under the Plan by a committee of GBL’s board of directors (the “Board of Directors”) responsible for administering the Plan (“Compensation Committee”). Benefits under the Plan may be granted in any one or a combination of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock awards, dividend equivalents, and other stock or cash based awards. Under the Plan, the Compensation Committee may grant restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), each of which entitles the grantee to one share of Class A Stock subject to restrictions, and either incentive or nonqualified stock options, with a term not to exceed ten years from the grant date and at an exercise price that the Compensation Committee may determine, which were recommended by the Company’s Chairman who did not receive any awards.

On June 30, 2019, 264,900 RSAs were issued at a grant price of $19.17 per RSA.  On March 5, 2020, 392,700 RSAs were issued at a grant price of $14.31 per RSA.

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were 1,040,900 and 660,950, respectively, of these RSAs outstanding with weighted average grant prices per RSA of $19.54 and $22.67, respectively, and 10,000 of these stock options outstanding with an exercise price of $25.55.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $0.9 million and $0.6 million, respectively.

The total compensation costs related to non-vested awards not yet recognized was approximately $13.6 million as of March 31, 2020.

On April 1, 2019, the deferred cash compensation agreement (“DCCA”) with the CEO covering compensation from the fourth quarter of 2017 vested in accordance with the terms of the agreement and a cash payment in the amount of $11.0 million was made to the CEO.  This payment was reduced by $4.5 million resulting from the DCCA being indexed to the GBL stock price and utilizing the lesser of the volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) on the vesting date ($20.7916) versus the VWAP over the fourth quarter of 2017 ($29.1875). On January 2, 2020, the DCCA with the CEO covering compensation from 2016 vested in accordance with the terms of the agreement and a cash payment in the amount of $43.7 million was made to the CEO. This payment was reduced by $32.3 million resulting from the DCCA being indexed to the GBL stock price and utilizing the lesser of the VWAP on the vesting date ($18.8812) versus the VWAP over 2016 ($32.8187).

14

Stock Repurchase Program
 
In March 1999, the Board of Directors established a stock repurchase program (the “Stock Repurchase Program”) to grant management the authority to repurchase shares of Class A Stock. In May 2019, the Board of Directors increased the buyback authorization by 1,212,759 shares of Class A Stock. On March 18, 2020, the Board of Directors authorized an increase to purchase $30 million of its outstanding Class A Stock, which resulted in a modification in the form of the authorization from previously being stated in shares to being stated in dollars.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company repurchased 55,093 and 126,354 shares, respectively, at an average price per share of $17.16 and $20.15, respectively.  At March 31, 2020, the total dollar amount available under the Stock Repurchase Program to be repurchased in the future was $30 million.  The Stock Repurchase Program is not subject to an expiration date.

On March 11, 2020, GAMCO commenced an offer to purchase up to $30 million in aggregate purchase price of its Class A Stock, pursuant to which holders of shares were invited to tender some or all of their shares at a price within the range of $15.00 to $17.00 per share, which would have enabled GAMCO to purchase for cash up to 2,000,000 shares of its Class A common stock (such offer, the “Offer”). The Offer which was due to expire on April 8, 2020, was terminated on March 18, 2020 as a result of the suspension of trading and market index conditions of the Offer not having been satisfied. As a result of this termination, no shares were purchased in the Offer and all shares previously tendered and not withdrawn were promptly returned to tendering holders.

Dividends

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company declared dividends of $0.02 per share to shareholders of Class A Stock and Class B Stock. 

Shelf Registration

In April 2018, the SEC declared effective the Company’s “shelf” registration statement on Form S-3 giving the Company the flexibility to sell any combination of senior and subordinate debt securities, convertible debt securities, and equity securities (including common and preferred securities) up to a total amount of $500 million.  The shelf is available through April 2021, at which time it may be renewed.

9. Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets

Goodwill is initially measured as the excess of the cost of the acquired business over the sum of the amounts assigned to assets acquired less the liabilities assumed.  At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there was goodwill of $0.2 million maintained on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition related to G.distributors.

As a result of becoming the advisor to the Gabelli Enterprise Mergers and Acquisitions Fund (the “Enterprise Fund”) and the associated consideration paid, the Company maintains an identifiable intangible asset of $1.5 million at March 31, 2020 and $1.9 million at December 31, 2019.  The investment advisory agreement for the Enterprise Fund is next up for renewal in February 2021.  As a result of becoming the advisor to the Bancroft Fund Ltd. (the “Bancroft Fund”) and the Ellsworth Growth and Income Fund Ltd. (the “Ellsworth Fund”) and the associated consideration paid, the Company maintains an identifiable intangible asset of $1.6 million at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The investment advisory agreements for the Bancroft Fund and the Ellsworth Fund are next up for renewal in August 2020. Each of these investment advisory agreements are subject to annual renewal by the respective fund’s board of directors, which the Company expects to be renewed, and the Company does not expect to incur additional expense as a result, which is consistent with other investment advisory agreements entered into by the Company.

The Company assesses the recoverability of goodwill and intangible assets at least annually, or more often should events warrant. In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) surfaced in China and has since spread quickly to numerous countries, including the United States. On March 11, 2020, COVID-19 was identified as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. In response to its spread, governmental authorities have imposed restrictions on travel and congregation and the temporary closure of many non-essential businesses in affected jurisdictions, including, beginning in March 2020, in the United States. The pandemic and resulting economic dislocations have had adverse consequences for the portfolios of the Funds, including the Enterprise Fund, Bancroft Fund, and Ellsworth Fund. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, as a result of the dislocations in the financial markets resulting from COVID-19, impairment analyses were performed which resulted  in a $428 thousand impairment charge to the identifiable intangible asset related to the Enterprise Fund included within other operating expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. There was no impairment charge recorded to the identifiable intangible asset related to the Bancroft Fund or Ellsworth Fund. There were no indicators of impairment for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and, as such, there was no impairment analysis performed or charge recorded for such period.

15

10. Commitments and Contingencies

From time to time, the Company may be named in legal actions and proceedings. These actions may seek substantial or indeterminate compensatory as well as punitive damages or injunctive relief. The Company is also subject to governmental or regulatory examinations or investigations. The examinations or investigations could result in adverse judgments, settlements, fines, injunctions, restitutions, or other relief. For such matters, if any, the consolidated financial statements include the necessary provisions for losses that the Company believes are probable and estimable. Furthermore, the Company evaluates whether there exist losses which may be reasonably possible and will, if material, make the necessary disclosures. However, management believes such amounts, both those that are probable and those that are reasonably possible, are not material to the Company’s financial condition, operations, or cash flows at March 31, 2020.

Leases

On December 5, 1997, the Company entered into a fifteen-year lease, expiring on April 30, 2013, of office space from an entity controlled by members of the Chairman’s family.  On June 11, 2013, the Company modified and extended its lease with M4E, LLC, the Company’s landlord at One Corporate Center, Rye, NY.  The lease term was extended to December 31, 2028 and the base rental remained at $18 per square foot, or $1.1 million, for 2014.  For each subsequent year through December 31, 2028, the base rental is determined by the change in the consumer price index for the New York Metropolitan Area for November of the immediate prior year with the base period as November 2008 for the New York Metropolitan Area.

This lease has been accounted for as a finance lease under FASB ASC Topic 842 (and prior to 2019, as a capital lease under FASB ASC Topic 840, Leases) as it transfers substantially all the benefits and risks of ownership to the Company.  The Company has recorded the leased property as an asset and a lease obligation for the present value of the obligation of the leased property.  The leased property is amortized on a straight-line basis from the date of the most recent extension to the end of the lease. The lease obligation is amortized over the same term using the interest method of accounting.  Finance lease improvements are amortized from the date of expenditure through the end of the lease term or the useful life, whichever is shorter, on a straight-line basis.  The lease provides that all operating expenses relating to the property (such as property taxes, utilities, and maintenance) are to be paid by the lessee, GAMCO.  These are recognized as expenses in the periods in which they are incurred.  Accumulated amortization on the leased property at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $5.3 million and $5.2 million, respectively.

The Company also rents office space under operating leases which expire at various dates through May 31, 2024.

The following table summarizes the Company's leases for the periods presented (in thousands, except lease term and discount rate):


   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Finance lease cost - interest expense
 
$
269
   
$
272
 
Finance lease cost - amortization of right-of-use asset
   
67
     
66
 
Operating lease cost
   
75
     
181
 
Sublease income
   
(46
)
   
(122
)
Total lease cost
 
$
365
   
$
397
 
                 
Other information:
               
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
               
Operating cash flows from finance lease
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
   
65
     
213
 
Financing cash flows from finance lease
   
51
     
42
 
Total cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
$
116
   
$
255
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
   
-
     
-
 
Weighted average remaining lease term—finance lease (years)
   
8.8
     
9.8
 
Weighted average remaining lease term—operating leases (years)
   
2.6
     
3.1
 
Weighted average discount rate—finance lease
   
19.1
%
   
19.1
%
Weighted average discount rate—operating leases
   
5.0
%
   
5.0
%

16

The finance lease right-of-use asset, net of amortization, at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $1.8 million and $1.9 million, respectively, and the operating right-of-use assets, net of amortization, were $0.7 million and $0.8, respectively, and these right-of-use assets were included within other assets in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

The following table summarizes the maturities of lease liabilities at March 31, 2020 (in thousands):

Year ending December 31,
 
Finance Leases
   
Operating Leases
   
Total Leases
 
2020 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2020)
 
$
957
   
$
332
   
$
1,289
 
2021
   
1,080
     
231
     
1,311
 
2022
   
1,080
     
164
     
1,244
 
2023
   
1,080
     
155
     
1,235
 
2024
   
1,080
     
61
     
1,141
 
Thereafter
   
4,320
     
-
     
4,320
 
Total lease payments
 
$
9,597
   
$
943
   
$
10,540
 
Less imputed interest
   
(5,035
)
   
(80
)
   
(5,115
)
Total lease liabilities
 
$
4,562
   
$
863
   
$
5,425
 

The finance lease contains an escalation clause tied to the change in the New York Metropolitan Area Consumer Price Index which may cause the future minimum payments to exceed the amounts shown above.  Future minimum lease payments have not been reduced by related minimum future sublease rentals of approximately $0.8 million due over the next four years, which are due from affiliated entities.  Future minimum lease payments have also not been reduced by future sublease payments of approximately $15 thousand per month from Associated Capital Group, Inc. (“AC”) pursuant to AC’s lease agreement that expired on March 31, 2019, which was extended on the same terms and conditions on a month-to-month basis commencing on April 1, 2019.

11. Related Party Transactions

On December 26, 2018, the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) of the Company elected to irrevocably waive all of his compensation that he would otherwise have been entitled to for the period from January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2019. On August 27, 2019, the CEO elected to irrevocably waive all of his compensation that he would otherwise have been entitled to for the period from September 1, 2019 to November 30, 2019. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the waiver reduced compensation by $12.2 million and management fee expense by $1.7 million.

12. Regulatory Requirements

The Company’s broker-dealer subsidiary, G.distributors, is subject to certain net capital requirements.  G.distributors computes its net capital under the alternative method permitted, which requires minimum net capital of the greater of $250,000 or 2% of the aggregate debit items in the reserve formula for those broker-dealers subject to Rule 15c3-3 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  The requirement was $250,000 for the broker-dealer at March 31, 2020.  At March 31, 2020, G.distributors had net capital, as defined, of approximately $5.2 million, exceeding the regulatory requirement by approximately $4.9 million.  Net capital requirements for the Company’s affiliated broker-dealer may increase in accordance with the rules and regulations applicable to broker-dealers to the extent G.distributors engages in other business activities.

13. Subsequent Events

From April 1, 2020 to May 8, 2020, the Company repurchased 37,056 shares at $11.22 per share.

On May 5, 2020, the Board of Directors declared its regular quarterly dividend of $0.02 per share to all of the Company’s shareholders, payable on June 30, 2020 to shareholders of record on June 16, 2020.

17

ITEM 2: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Unless indicated otherwise, or the context otherwise requires, references in this report to “GAMCO Investors, Inc.,” “GAMCO,” “the Company,” “the Firm,” “GBL,” “we,” “us,” and “our” or similar terms are to GAMCO Investors, Inc., its predecessors, and its subsidiaries.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Our disclosure and analysis in this Form 10-Q contains some forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements because they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “will,” “should,” “may,” and other words and terms of similar meaning. They also appear in any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, future performance of our products, expenses, the outcome of any legal proceedings, and financial results. Although we believe that we are basing our expectations and beliefs on reasonable assumptions within the bounds of what we currently know about our business and operations, there can be no assurance that our actual results will not differ materially from what we expect or believe. Some of the factors that may cause our actual results to differ from our expectations include risks associated with the duration and scope of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic resulting in volatile market conditions, a decline in the securities markets that adversely affect our assets under management, negative performance of our products, the failure to perform as required under our investment management agreements, a general downturn in the economy that negatively impacts our operations, and the ongoing impacts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act with respect to tax rates and the non-deductibility of certain portions of named executive officer compensation. We are providing these statements as permitted by the Private Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We also direct your attention to any more specific discussions of risk contained in our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and other public filings. We do not undertake to update publicly any forward-looking statements if we subsequently learn that we are unlikely to achieve our expectations or if we receive any additional information relating to the subject matters of our forward-looking statements.
 
OVERVIEW

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. This discussion contains forward-looking statements and involves numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to those described in Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q “Risk Factors.” Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by such forward-looking statements due to factors discussed under “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

GAMCO (New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”): GBL), a company incorporated under the laws of Delaware,  is a widely-recognized provider of investment advisory services through 24 mutual funds, 16 closed-end funds, one société d’investissement à capital variable (“SICAV”), and approximately 1,700 institutional and private wealth management (“Institutional and PWM”) accounts principally in the United States (“U.S.”). The investments are generally in value, growth, gold, utilities, and convertible securities. Our revenues are based primarily on the Company’s level of assets under management (“AUM”) and fees associated with our various investment products.

Since our inception in 1977, our value assets are identified with our research-driven approach to equity investing and our Private Market Value (PMV) with a CatalystTM investment approach.

As of March 31, 2020, we had $27.5 billion of AUM. We conduct our investment advisory business principally through two subsidiaries, which are registered investment advisors: Gabelli Funds, LLC (mutual and closed-end funds) (“Gabelli Funds”) and GAMCO Asset Management Inc. (Institutional and PWM) (“GAMCO Asset”). G.distributors, LLC (“G.distributors”), our broker-dealer subsidiary, acts as an underwriter and distributor of our mutual funds.

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) surfaced in China and has since spread quickly to numerous countries, including the United States. On March 11, 2020, COVID-19 was identified as a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. In response to its spread, governmental authorities have imposed restrictions on travel and congregation and the temporary closure of many non-essential businesses in affected jurisdictions, including, beginning in March 2020, in the United States. As world leaders focused on the unprecedented human and economic challenges of COVID-19, global equity markets plunged as the coronavirus pandemic spread. In March, the unfolding events led to the worst month for stocks since 2008 and the worst first quarter since 1937. The pandemic and resulting economic dislocations have had adverse consequences on our AUM, resulting in decreased revenues, partially offset by decreased variable operating and compensation expenses. As a result of this pandemic, the majority of our employees (“teammates”) are working remotely. However, there has been no material impact of remote work arrangements on our operations, including our financial reporting systems, internal control over financial reporting, and disclosure controls and procedures, and there has been no material challenge in implementing our business continuity plan.

18


Past and Future - Giving Back to Society

Generating returns for our stakeholders is not the sole gauge we use in measuring our success. Since the inception of GAMCO’s shareholder-designated charitable contribution (“SDCC”) program in 2013, shareholders have designated contributions of over $31 million to over 280 501(c)(3) initiatives. As a result of our Board of Directors most recent SDCC approval, $4.5 million was designated by shareholders to 501(c)(3) organizations in the fourth quarter of 2019 and paid in 2020. This program underscores our commitment to managing socially responsible portfolios since 1987, which has evolved to include integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors into the analysis of companies and the structuring of portfolios.

Since our initial public offering (“IPO”) in February 1999, approximately $57 million will have been donated to charities by us, including the current year’s SDCC.

Assets Under Management

AUM was $27.5 billion as of March 31, 2020, a decrease of $9.8 billion, or 26.3%, from the March 31, 2019 AUM of $37.3 billion. The first quarter 2020 activity consisted of $7.9 billion of market depreciation, net cash outflows of $1.0 billion, and recurring distributions, net of reinvestments, from the mutual and closed-end funds (the “Funds”) of $142 million. Average total AUM was $33.6 billion in the first quarter of 2020 versus $36.8 billion in the first quarter of 2019, a decrease of 8.7%.

We earn incentive fees for certain client assets, assets attributable to certain preferred issues for our closed-end Funds, our GDL Fund (NYSE: GDL), the Gabelli Merger Plus+ Trust Plc (LSE: GMP), and the GAMCO Merger Arbitrage Fund. As of March 31, 2020, assets with incentive based fees were $1.4 billion, 22.2% below the $1.8 billion on March 31, 2019. The majority of these assets have calendar year-end measurement periods; therefore, our incentive fees are primarily recognized in the fourth quarter when the uncertainty is removed at the end of the annual measurement period. 

Roll-forward of AUM (in millions)

   
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Equities:
           
Mutual Funds
           
Beginning of period assets
 
$
10,481
   
$
10,589
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(2,144
)
   
1,190
 
Net flows
   
(531
)
   
(319
)
Fund distributions, net of reinvestment
   
(8
)
   
(8
)
End of period assets
 
$
7,798
   
$
11,452
 
                 
Closed-end Funds
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
8,005
   
$
6,959
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(1,723
)
   
725
 
Net flows
   
(64
)
   
(6
)
Fund distributions, net of reinvestment
   
(134
)
   
(128
)
End of period assets
 
$
6,084
   
$
7,550
 
                 
Institutional & PWM
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
14,565
   
$
14,078
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(3,961
)
   
1,803
 
Net flows
   
(419
)
   
(638
)
End of period assets (a)
 
$
10,185
   
$
15,243
 
                 
SICAV
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
594
   
$
507
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(57
)
   
8
 
Net flows
   
(57
)
   
7
 
End of period assets
 
$
480
   
$
522
 

(a) Includes $263 million and $251 million of 100% U.S. Treasury Fund AUM at March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


19

Roll-forward of AUM (in millions) (continued)

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Total Equities
           
Beginning of period assets
 
$
33,645
   
$
32,133
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(7,885
)
   
3,726
 
Net flows
   
(1,071
)
   
(956
)
Fund distributions, net of reinvestment
   
(142
)
   
(136
)
End of period assets
 
$
24,547
   
$
34,767
 
Fixed Income:
               
100% U.S. Treasury fund
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
2,810
   
$
2,195
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
10
     
14
 
Net flows
   
118
     
278
 
End of period assets
 
$
2,938
   
$
2,487
 
Institutional & PWM
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
20
   
$
26
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
-
     
-
 
Net flows
   
-
     
(7
)
End of period assets
 
$
20
   
$
19
 
Total Fixed Income
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
2,830
   
$
2,221
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
10
     
14
 
Net flows
   
118
     
271
 
End of period assets
 
$
2,958
   
$
2,506
 
Total AUM
               
Beginning of period assets
 
$
36,475
   
$
34,354
 
Market appreciation (depreciation)
   
(7,875
)
   
3,740
 
Net flows
   
(953)
   
(685
)
Fund distributions, net of reinvestment
   
(142
)
   
(136
)
End of period assets
 
$
27,505
   
$
37,273
 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Investment advisory and incentive fees, which are based on the amount and composition of AUM in our Funds and Institutional and PWM accounts, and distribution fees represent our largest source of revenues. In addition to the general level and trends of the stock market, growth in revenues depends on good investment performance, which influences the value of existing AUM as well as contributes to higher investment and lower redemption rates and facilitates the ability to attract additional investors while maintaining current fee levels. Growth in AUM is also dependent on being able to access various distribution channels, which is usually based on several factors, including performance and service. A majority of our cash inflows to mutual fund products have come through third party distribution programs, including no-transaction fee programs. We have also been engaged to act as a sub-advisor for other much larger financial services companies with much larger sales distribution organizations. These sub-advisory clients are subject to business combinations that may result in the termination of the relationship. The loss of a sub-advisory relationship could have a significant impact on our financial results in the future.
 
20

Advisory fees from the Funds and sub-advisory accounts are computed daily or weekly based on average net assets. Advisory fees from Institutional and PWM clients are generally computed quarterly based on account values as of the end of the preceding quarter. These revenues are based on AUM which is highly correlated to the stock market and can vary in direct proportion to movements in the stock market and the level of sales compared with redemptions, financial market conditions, and the fee structure for AUM. Revenues derived from the equity-oriented portfolios generally have higher advisory fee rates than fixed income portfolios.
 
We also receive incentive fees from certain Institutional and PWM clients, which are based upon meeting or exceeding a specific benchmark index or indices. These fees are recognized at the end of the stipulated contract period, which may be quarterly or annually, for the respective account. Advisory fees on assets attributable to certain of the closed-end preferred shares are earned at year-end if the total return to common shareholders of the closed-end fund for the calendar year exceeds the dividend rate of the preferred shares. These fees are recognized at the end of the measurement period.

Distribution fees and other income primarily include distribution fee revenue earned in accordance with Rule 12b-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, along with sales charges and underwriting fees associated with the sale of the mutual funds plus other revenues. Distribution fees fluctuate based on the level of AUM and the amount and type of mutual funds sold directly by G.distributors or through various distribution channels.
 
Compensation costs include variable and fixed compensation and related expenses paid to officers, portfolio managers, sales, trading, research, and all other teammates. Variable compensation paid to sales teammates and portfolio management generally represents 40% of revenues and is the largest component of total compensation costs. Distribution costs include marketing, product distribution, and promotion costs. The management fee is incentive-based and entirely variable compensation in the amount of 10% of the aggregate pre-tax profits, which is paid to Mr. Mario J. Gabelli (“Mr. Gabelli”) or his designee for acting as CEO pursuant to his 2008 Employment Agreement so long as he is an executive of GBL and devotes the substantial majority of his working time to the business. Other operating expenses include general and administrative operating costs.
 
Non-operating income/(loss) includes gain/(loss) from investments, net (which includes both realized and unrealized gains and losses from securities), interest and dividend income, and interest expense. The gain/(loss) from investments, net is derived from our proprietary investment portfolio consisting of various public investments.

21

The following table (in thousands, except per share data) and discussion of our results of operations are based upon data derived from the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income contained in our condensed consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
Revenues
           
Investment advisory and incentive fees
 
$
62,273
   
$
65,888
 
Distribution fees and other income
   
7,294
     
8,448
 
Total revenues
   
69,567
     
74,336
 
Expenses
               
Compensation
   
29,250
     
30,347
 
Management fee
   
1,665
     
1,449
 
Distribution costs
   
7,630
     
8,670
 
Other operating expenses
   
5,702
     
5,257
 
Total expenses
   
44,247
     
45,723
 
Operating income
   
25,320
     
28,613
 
Non-operating income / (loss)
               
Loss from investments, net
   
(10,237
)
   
(1,895
)
Interest and dividend income
   
544
     
724
 
Interest expense
   
(647
)
   
(655
)
Total non-operating loss
   
(10,340
)
   
(1,826
)
Income before income taxes
   
14,980
     
26,787
 
Provision for income taxes
   
3,735
     
6,895
 
Net income
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
 
               
Earnings per share:
               
Basic
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
Diluted
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Compared To Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

Overview

Net income for the first quarter of 2020 was $11.2 million, or $0.42 per fully diluted share, versus $19.9 million, or $0.70 per fully diluted share, in the first quarter of 2019. The quarter to quarter comparison was impacted by lower revenues and higher non-operating loss, partially offset by lower variable compensation.

Revenues
 
Investment advisory and incentive fees for the first quarter of 2020 were $62.3 million, 5.5% lower than the 2019 comparative figure of $65.9 million due to lower average AUM. Mutual fund revenues for the first quarter of 2020 decreased by 12.9% to $24.3 million from $27.9 million in the first quarter of 2019. Our closed-end Fund revenues increased 3.8% to $16.4 million in the first quarter 2020 from $15.8 million in the first quarter of 2019. Institutional and PWM account revenues which are generally based on beginning of quarter AUM, decreased by 3.4% to $20.0 million in the first quarter of 2020 from $20.7 million in the first quarter of 2019. Revenues relating to the SICAV increased $0.1 million to $1.6 million in the first quarter of 2020, inclusive of $0.1 million of incentive fees, from $1.5 million in the first quarter of 2019, inclusive of $0.2 million in incentive fees.

Mutual fund distribution fees and other income were $7.3 million for the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of $1.1 million or 13.1% from $8.4 million in the first quarter of 2019, primarily due to lower average AUM in equity mutual funds that generate distribution fees.

22

Expenses
 
Compensation costs, which are largely variable, were $29.3 million in the first quarter of 2020, or 3.3% lower than prior year comparative compensation costs of $30.3 million. The amortization of the deferred cash compensation agreements (“DCCAs”) resulted in a $12.6 million decrease in compensation costs year over year. The Chief Executive Officer’s (“CEO”) waiver of his compensation reduced compensation by $12.2 million in the first quarter of 2019. The remainder of the quarter over quarter increase was comprised of a $0.3 million increase in stock compensation expense and a $0.9 million decrease in variable compensation expense.

Management fee expense, which is wholly variable and based on pretax income, increased to $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2020 from $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2019. The DCCAs affected management fee expense, a component of the CEO’s DCCAs, in a fashion similar to the compensation expense, which resulted in a $1.4 million decrease in management fee expense in the first quarter of 2020 as compared with the first quarter of 2019.

Distribution costs were $7.6 million in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of $1.1 million, or 12.6%, from $8.7 million in the first quarter of 2019.
 
Other operating expenses were $5.7 million in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of $0.4 million, or 7.5%, from $5.3 million in the first quarter of 2019. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, as a result of the dislocations in the financial markets resulting from COVID-19, impairment analyses were performed which resulted in a $428 thousand impairment charge to the identifiable intangible asset related to the Gabelli Enterprise Mergers and Acquisitions Fund.

Operating income for the first quarter of 2020 was $25.3 million, a decrease of $3.3 million, or 11.5%, from the $28.6 million in the first quarter of 2019. Operating income, as a percentage of revenues, was 36.4% in the first quarter of 2020 as compared to 38.5% in the first quarter of 2019.
 
Non-operating income / (loss)

Total non-operating loss was $10.3 million for the first quarter of 2020 versus a loss of $1.8 million in the first quarter of 2019. Investment losses were $10.2 million in the first quarter of 2020 versus losses of $1.9 million in the first quarter of 2019. Interest and dividend income decreased to $0.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 from $0.7 million in the first quarter of 2019. Interest expense was $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2020 versus $0.7 million in the first quarter of 2019.
 
The effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were 24.9% and 25.7%, respectively.

Non-GAAP information and reconciliation
 
Operating income before management fee expense is used by management for purposes of evaluating its business operations. We believe this measure is useful in illustrating the operating results of the Company as management fee expense is based on pre-tax income before management fee expense, which includes non-operating items including gain/(loss) from investments, net from our proprietary investment portfolio, interest and dividend income, interest expense, and shareholder-designated contribution. We believe that an investor would find this useful in analyzing our business operations without the impact of the non-operating items such as trading and investment portfolios, interest and dividend income, interest expense, or shareholder-designated contribution.

Reconciliation of GAAP financial measures to non-GAAP (in thousands):

     Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2020
   
2019
 
Revenues, U.S. GAAP basis
 
$
69,567
   
$
74,336
 
Operating income, U.S. GAAP basis
   
25,320
     
28,613
 
Add back: management fee expense
   
1,665
     
1,449
 
Operating income before management fee
 
$
26,985
   
$
30,062
 
                 
Operating margin
   
36.4
%
   
38.5
%
Operating margin before management fee
   
38.8
%
   
40.4
%

23

DEFERRED COMPENSATION

The Company deferred, through DCCAs, the cash compensation of the CEO relating to all of 2016 (“2016 DCCA”) and the fourth quarter of 2017 (“Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA”) to provide the Company with flexibility to pay down debt and enhance our ability to execute lift-outs, make acquisitions, and seed new products. We have made substantial progress toward this objective, having reduced our debt since the November 2015 spin-off of Associated Capital Group, Inc., resulting in Standard & Poor’s February 2020 reaffirmation of our investment grade rating of BBB- and stable outlook.

The DCCAs deferred the CEO’s compensation expense by amortizing it over each DCCA’s respective vesting period. The CEO was not entitled to receive the compensation until the end of each respective vesting period, so U.S. GAAP specifies that the expense is amortized over the vesting period. The 2016 DCCA was expensed ratably over 4 years and the Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA was expensed ratably over 18 months. In addition to the ratable vesting, the expense was marked to market at each reporting period as the DCCA expense was indexed to GBL’s stock price.

Notwithstanding its ability to settle these agreements in stock, GAMCO made a cash payment to the CEO on each respective vesting date. While the agreements did not change the original calculation of the CEO’s compensation, our reporting under U.S. GAAP for his compensation did change due to the ratable vesting and the indexing to the GBL stock price. The original value of the DCCAs was based on the compensation earned in the period divided by the volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) of the GBL stock price for the period (“Original VWAP”) to calculate the number of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) granted. Upon vesting, each DCCA was paid out based on the lesser of the VWAP of GBL’s stock price on the vesting date (“Vesting Date VWAP”) and the Original VWAP multiplied by the number of RSUs. The table below shows a summary of the DCCAs (in millions, except RSUs and VWAPs):
   
Number of
RSUs
   
Original
VWAP
   
Vesting
Date
VWAP
 
Vesting Date
 
Deferred Cash
Compensation
   
Impact of
Indexing to GBL
Stock Price
   
Vesting
Date Cash
Payment
 
2016 DCCA
   
2,314,695
   
$
32.8187
   
$
18.8812
 
1/2/2020
 
$
76.0
   
$
(32.3
)
 
$
43.7
 
Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA
   
530,662
     
29.1875
     
20.7916
 
4/1/2019
   
15.5
     
(4.5
)
   
11.0
 


On April 1, 2019, the Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA vested in accordance with the terms of the agreement and a cash payment in the amount of $11.0 million was made to the CEO. This payment was reduced by $4.5 million resulting from the DCCA RSUs being indexed to GBL’s stock price and utilizing the lesser of the Vesting Date VWAP ($20.7916) versus the Original VWAP over the fourth quarter of 2017 ($29.1875). On January 2, 2020, the 2016 DCCA vested in accordance with the terms of the agreement and a cash payment of $43.7 million was made to the CEO. This payment was reduced by $32.3 million resulting from the DCCA RSUs being indexed to GBL’s stock price and utilizing the lesser of the Vesting Date VWAP ($18.8812) versus the Original VWAP over 2016 ($32.8187).

The following tables show the amortization and earnings per share (“EPS”) impact, inclusive of the indexing to the GBL stock price, of the DCCAs by quarter (in thousands, except per share data):

Amortization by quarter (increase / (decrease)):
EPS impact by quarter:
 
     
2020
   
2019
         
2020
   
2019
 
                                 
 
Q1
   
$
(1,409
)
 
$
12,615
     
Q1
   
$
0.03
   
$
(0.33
)
 
Q2
     
-
     
427
     
Q2
     
-
     
(0.01
)
 
Q3
     
-
     
3,598
     
Q3
     
-
     
(0.09
)
 
Q4
     
-
     
2,689
     
Q4
     
-
     
(0.09
)
  Year
   
$
(1,409
)
 
$
19,329
   
  Year
   
$
0.03
   
$
(0.52
)

24

The following table (in thousands, except per share data) shows a reconciliation of our results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 between the U.S. GAAP basis and a non-GAAP adjusted basis (“as adjusted”) as if all of the 2016 DCCA was recognized in 2016 and the Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA expense was recognized in 2017 without regard to the vesting schedule. We believe the non-GAAP financial measures below provide relevant and meaningful information to investors about our core operating results. These measures have been established in order to increase transparency for the purpose of evaluating our core business, for comparing results with prior period results, and to enable more appropriate comparisons with industry peers. However, non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered a substitute for financial measures calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and may be calculated differently by other companies.

   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31, 2020
   
March 31, 2019
 
Net income, U.S. GAAP basis
 
$
11,245
   
$
19,892
 
Impact of 2016 DCCA on expenses and taxes:
               
Compensation costs
   
(1,409
)
   
8,184
 
Management fee expense
   
-
     
1,030
 
Provision for income taxes
   
338
     
(2,211
)
Total impact of 2016 DCCA
   
(1,071
)
   
7,003
 
Impact of Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA on expenses and taxes:
               
Compensation costs
   
-
     
2,983
 
Management fee expense
   
-
     
419
 
Provision for income taxes
   
-
     
(816
)
Total impact of Fourth Quarter 2017 DCCA
   
-
     
2,586
 
Total impact of DCCAs on expense and taxes
   
(1,071
)
   
9,589
 
Net income, as adjusted
 
$
10,174
   
$
29,481
 
                 
Per share (basic):
               
Net income, U.S. GAAP basis
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
Impact of DCCAs
   
(0.04
)
   
0.34
 
Net income, as adjusted
 
$
0.38
   
$
1.04
 
Per fully diluted share:
               
Net income, U.S. GAAP basis
 
$
0.42
   
$
0.70
 
Impact of DCCAs
   
(0.04
)
   
0.34
 
Net income, as adjusted
 
$
0.38
   
$
1.04
 


25

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Our principal assets are highly liquid in nature and consist of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and securities held for investment purposes. Cash and cash equivalents are comprised primarily of a 100% U.S. Treasury money market fund managed by GAMCO (The Gabelli U.S. Treasury Money Market Fund).
 
Summary cash flow data for the first three months of 2020 and 2019 was as follows (in thousands):
 
   
Three months ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
2020
   
2019
 
   Cash flows provided by/(used in) activities :
     
  Operating activities
 
$
(10,175
)
 
$
29,440
 
  Investing activities
   
3,338
     
(3,136
)
  Financing activities
   
(1,479
)
   
(3,112
)
Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents from activities
   
(8,316
)
   
23,192
 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
14
     
(5
)
Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(8,302
)
   
23,187
 
Cash and cash equivalents, at beginning of period
   
86,136
     
41,202
 
Cash and cash equivalents, at end of period
 
$
77,834
   
$
64,389
 
 
Cash and liquidity requirements have historically been met through cash generated by operating income and our borrowing capacity. We filed a “shelf” registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) that was declared effective in April 2018. The shelf provides us opportunistic flexibility to sell any combination of senior and subordinate debt securities, convertible debt securities, equity securities (including common and preferred stock), and other securities up to a total amount of $500 million. The shelf is available through April 2021, at which time it may be renewed.

On December 26, 2018, the Company announced that the CEO elected to irrevocably waive all of his compensation that he would otherwise have been entitled to for the period from January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2019. On August 27, 2019, the CEO elected to irrevocably waive all of his compensation that he would otherwise have been entitled to for the period from September 1, 2019 to November 30, 2019. As a result of the waiver, there was $13.9 million of compensation and management fee waived by the CEO for the three months ended March 31, 2019. On January 2, 2020, the 2016 DCCA vested in accordance with the terms of the agreement and a cash payment in the amount of $43.7 million was made to the CEO.

As of March 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents of $77.8 million, a decrease of $8.3 million from December 31, 2019, primarily due to the Company’s operating activities described below. Total debt outstanding at March 31, 2020 was $24.2 million, which consisted of senior notes due 2021.
 
Net cash used in operating activities was $10.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $39.6 million from net cash provided in the prior year’s comparative period of $29.4 million. Reducing cash was a decrease in compensation payable of $41.7 million, a decrease in net income of $8.6 million, a decrease of payable to affiliates of $2.7 million, and $11.4 million from all other sources. Cash was provided through a decrease in investment advisory fees receivable of $14.2 million, an increase in unrealized loss on securities of $4.9 million, a decrease in deferred tax assets of $4.3 million, a decrease in short-term investments in securities of $1.0 million, and an increase of $0.4 million in stock based compensation expense.

Net cash provided by investing activities in the first three months of 2020 was $3.3 million, including $3.5 million in proceeds from sales of securities held for investment purposes offset by $151,000 in purchases of securities held for investment purposes, as compared to $3.1 million used in the prior year’s comparative period.

Net cash used in financing activities in the first three months of 2020 was $1.5 million, including $1.0 million paid for the purchase of treasury stock and $0.5 million paid in dividends, as compared to $3.1 million used in the prior year’s comparative period.

Based upon our current level of operations and anticipated growth, we expect that our current cash balances plus anticipated cash flows from operating activities and our borrowing capacity will be sufficient to finance our working capital needs for the foreseeable future. We believe we have no immediate material commitments for capital expenditures.

Under the terms of the lease of our Rye, New York office, we are obligated to make minimum total payments of $9.6 million through December 2028.

26

We continue to maintain an investment grade rating of BBB- with Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services. We believe that our ability to maintain our investment grade rating will provide greater access to the capital markets, enhance liquidity, and lower overall borrowing costs. Our rating is Ba1 with Moody’s Investors Services.

We have one broker-dealer subsidiary, G.distributors, which is subject to certain net capital requirements. G.distributors computes its net capital under the alternative method permitted, which requires minimum net capital of the greater of $250,000 or 2% of the aggregate debit items in the reserve formula for those broker-dealers subject to Rule 15c3-3 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The requirement was $250,000 for the broker-dealer at March 31, 2020. At March 31, 2020, G.distributors had net capital, as defined, of approximately $5.2 million, exceeding the regulatory requirement by approximately $4.9 million. Net capital requirements for our affiliated broker-dealer may increase in accordance with the rules and regulations applicable to broker-dealers to the extent G.distributors engages in other business activities.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) enacted in December 2017 contains provisions that affect the deductibility of named executive officer (“NEO”) compensation. Specifically, the Act eliminates the performance based compensation exception for NEO compensation deductibility, limiting the amount of deductible NEO compensation to $1 million annually per NEO.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods presented. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates. See Note 1 in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, and the Company’s Critical Accounting Policies in Part II, Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, in GAMCO’s 2019 annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 6, 2020 for details on Critical Accounting Policies.

ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
In the normal course of its business, GAMCO is exposed to the risk of loss due to fluctuations in the securities market and general economy. Management is responsible for identifying, assessing, and managing market and other risks. 

Our exposure to pricing risk in equity securities is directly related to our role as a financial intermediary and advisor for AUM in our affiliated Funds and Institutional and PWM accounts, as well as our proprietary investment and trading activities. At March 31, 2020, we had equity investments of $17.8 million. We may alter our investment holdings from time to time in response to changes in market risks and other factors considered appropriate by management. The equity securities investment portfolio is at fair value and may move in line with the equity markets. The equity securities investment portfolio changes are recorded as gain/(loss) from investments, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Market Risk
 
Our primary market risk exposure is to changes in equity prices and interest rates. Since approximately 89% of our AUM is equities, our financial results are subject to equity market risk, as revenues from our investment management services are sensitive to stock market dynamics. In addition, returns from our proprietary investment portfolios are exposed to interest rate and equity market risk.

The Company’s Chief Investment Officer oversees the proprietary investment portfolios and allocations of proprietary capital among the various strategies. The Chief Investment Officer and the Company’s Board of Directors review the proprietary investment portfolios throughout the year. Additionally, the Company monitors its proprietary investment portfolios to ensure that they are in compliance with the Company’s guidelines.

Equity Price Risk
 
The Company earns substantially all of its revenue as advisory and incentive fees and distribution fees from affiliated Funds and Institutional and PWM assets. Such fees represent a percentage of AUM, and the majority of these assets are in equity investments. Accordingly, since revenues are proportionate to the value of those investments, a substantial increase or decrease in equity markets overall may have a corresponding effect on the Company’s revenues.

27

Related to our proprietary investment activities, we had investments in equity securities of $17.8 million at March 31, 2020, which included investments in common stocks of $16.7 million, investments in mutual funds of $0.7 million, and investments in closed-end Funds of $0.4 million, and at December 31, 2019, we had investments in securities of $27.7 million, which included investments in common stocks of $26.5 million, investments in mutual funds of $0.7 million, and investments in closed-end Funds of $0.5 million. Of the $16.7 million and $26.5 million invested in common stocks at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, $10.1 million and $16.4 million, respectively, was related to our investment in Westwood Holdings Group Inc. (NYSE: WHG).

The following table provides a sensitivity analysis for our investments in equity securities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands). The sensitivity analysis assumes a 10% increase or decrease in the value of these investments:

(unaudited)
Fair Value
 
Fair Value
assuming
10% decrease in
equity prices
 
Fair Value
assuming
10% increase in
equity prices
 
At March 31, 2020:
           
Equity price sensitive investments, at fair value
 
$
17,819
   
$
16,037
   
$
19,601
 
At December 31, 2019:
                       
Equity price sensitive investments, at fair value
 
$
27,726
   
$
24,953
   
$
30,499
 

Interest Rate Risk
 
Our exposure to interest rate risk results, principally, from our investment of excess cash in a sponsored money market fund that holds U.S. government securities. These investments are primarily short term in nature, and the carrying value of these investments generally approximates fair value. Based on the March 31, 2020 cash and cash equivalents balance of $77.8 million, a 1% increase in interest rates would increase our interest income by $0.8 million annually, while a 1% decrease would reduce our interest income by $0.8 million annually.

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
We evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2020. Disclosure controls and procedures as defined under the Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e), are designed to ensure that the information we are required to disclose in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time period specified in SEC rules and regulations. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Principal Financial Officer (“PFO”), to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our CEO and PFO participated in this evaluation and concluded that, as of the date of March 31, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting as defined by Rule 13a-15(f) that occurred during our most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II:  OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time, the Company may be named in legal actions and proceedings. These actions may seek substantial or indeterminate compensatory as well as punitive damages or injunctive relief. The Company is also subject to governmental or regulatory examinations or investigations. The examinations or investigations could result in adverse judgments, settlements, fines, injunctions, restitutions, or other relief. For any such matters, the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item I of this Form 10-Q include the necessary provisions for losses that the Company believes are probable and estimable. Furthermore, the Company evaluates whether there exist losses which may be reasonably possible and, if material, makes the necessary disclosures. However, management believes such amounts, both those that are probable and those that are reasonably possible, are not material to the Company’s financial condition, operations, or cash flows at March 31, 2020. See also Note 10, Commitments and Contingencies, to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item I of this Form 10-Q.

28

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

Except for as set forth below, there have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. For a discussion of our potential risks and uncertainties, see the information under the heading “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 6, 2020, which is accessible on the SEC’s website at sec.gov and the Company’s website at gabelli.com.

Events outside of our control, including public health crises, could negatively affect the portfolios we manage and our results of our operations.

Periods of market volatility have occurred and could continue to occur in response to pandemics or other events outside of our control. These types of events have adversely affected and could continue to adversely affect operating results for us and the portfolios that we manage. For example, in December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) surfaced in China and has since spread quickly to other countries, including the United States (U.S.), which has resulted in restrictions on travel and congregation and the temporary closure of many non-essential businesses in affected jurisdictions, including, beginning in March 2020, in the United States. In addition to these developments having adverse consequences for us and the portfolios that we manage, the operations of GAMCO could be adversely impacted, including through quarantine measures and travel restrictions imposed on its personnel or service providers based in affected countries, or any related health issues of such personnel or service providers. As the potential impact of COVID-19 is difficult to predict, the extent to which COVID-19 could negatively affect our and our portfolio companies’ operating results or the duration of any potential business disruption is uncertain. Any potential impact to our results of operations will depend to a large extent on future developments and new information that could emerge regarding the duration and severity of COVID-19 and the actions taken by authorities and other entities to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, all of which are beyond our control. These potential impacts, while uncertain, could adversely affect our operating results.

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

The following table provides information regarding purchases of Class A Stock made by or on behalf of the Company or any “affiliated purchaser” (as defined in Rule 10b-18(a)(3) under the Exchange Act) during the three months ended March 31, 2020:

Period
 
Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased (1)
   
Average
Price Paid Per
Share
   
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs (1)(2)
   
Maximum
Number of Shares
That May Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
   
Maximum Dollar
Value of Shares
That May Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
 
1/01/20 - 1/31/20
   
22,445
   
$
17.74
     
22,445
     
1,220,690
     
n/a
 
2/01/20 - 2/29/20
   
28,039
     
16.99
     
28,039
     
1,192,651
     
n/a
 
3/01/20 - 3/31/20
   
4,609
     
15.30
     
4,609
     
n/a
   
$
30,000,000
 
Totals
   
55,093
   
$
17.16
     
55,093
                 

(1)
On trade date basis.

(2)
Shares of Class A Stock purchased by the Company pursuant to our stock repurchase program, which was established in 1999. On March 18, 2020, the Board of Directors authorized an increase to purchase $30 million of its outstanding Class A Stock.

On March 11, 2020, GAMCO commenced an offer to purchase up to $30 million in aggregate purchase price of its Class A Stock, pursuant to which holders of shares were invited to tender some or all of their shares at a price within the range of $15.00 to $17.00 per share, which would have enabled GAMCO to purchase for cash up to 2,000,000 shares of its Class A common stock (such offer, the “Offer”). The Offer which was due to expire on April 8, 2020, was terminated on March 18, 2020 as a result of the suspension of trading and market index conditions to the Offer not having been satisfied. As a result of this termination, no shares were purchased in the Offer and all shares previously tendered and not withdrawn were promptly returned to tendering holders.

29

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS
     
 
Certification of CEO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).

 
Certification of PFO pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).

 
Certification of CEO pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 
Certification of PFO pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act of 2002.

 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
 
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC.
(Registrant)

By: /s/ Kieran Caterina
     
Name: Kieran Caterina
 
Title:   Principal Financial Officer
 
 
 
Date: May 8, 2020
 

30
EX-31.1 2 ex31_1033120.htm EXHIBIT 31.1, DATED MAY 8, 2020 ex31_1033113.htm


 
Exhibit 31.1
 
Certifications
 
I, Mario J. Gabelli, certify that:

 
1.
I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of GAMCO Investors, Inc.;

 
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 
a)
designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 
b)
designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 
c)
evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 
d)
disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 
a)
all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data; and

 
b)
any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

By:
 /s/ Mario J. Gabelli
 
 Mario J. Gabelli
 
 Chief Executive Officer
   
Date:
 May 8, 2020
 
 



EX-31.2 3 ex31_2033120.htm EXHIBIT 31.2, DATED MAY 8, 2020 ex31_2033113.htm


 
Exhibit 31.2
 
Certifications
 
I, Kieran Caterina, certify that:

 
1.
I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of GAMCO Investors, Inc.;

 
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have: