10-Q 1 cmg-20180630x10q.htm 10-Q cmg-20180630_Taxonomy2017

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

______________________________

FORM 10-Q

______________________________

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to

Commission File Number: 1-32731

______________________________

CHIPOTLE MEXICAN GRILL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

______________________________

 



 

Delaware

84-1219301

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

1401 Wynkoop St., Suite 500 Denver, CO

80202

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)



Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (303) 595-4000

______________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes       No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).      Yes      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).      Yes      No



As of July 23, 2018, there were 27,804,105 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value of $0.01 per share outstanding.

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 







 

 


 

PART I

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

(in thousands, except per share data)



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



June 30,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017



(unaudited)

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

225,658 

 

$

184,569 

Accounts receivable, net

 

23,702 

 

 

40,453 

Inventory

 

20,851 

 

 

19,860 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

69,860 

 

 

50,918 

Income tax receivable

 

32,334 

 

 

9,353 

Investments

 

348,269 

 

 

324,382 

Total current assets

 

720,674 

 

 

629,535 

Leasehold improvements, property and equipment, net

 

1,333,949 

 

 

1,338,366 

Other assets

 

52,060 

 

 

55,852 

Goodwill

 

21,939 

 

 

21,939 

Total assets

$

2,128,622 

 

$

2,045,692 

Liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

95,597 

 

$

82,028 

Accrued payroll and benefits

 

97,573 

 

 

82,541 

Accrued liabilities

 

161,991 

 

 

159,324 

Total current liabilities

 

355,161 

 

 

323,893 

Deferred rent

 

327,152 

 

 

316,498 

Deferred income tax liability

 

17,845 

 

 

814 

Other liabilities

 

36,457 

 

 

40,042 

Total liabilities

 

736,615 

 

 

681,247 

Shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 600,000 shares authorized, no shares issued as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 -

 

 

 -

Common stock $0.01 par value, 230,000 shares authorized, 35,945 and 35,852 shares issued as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

359 

 

 

359 

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,328,489 

 

 

1,305,090 

Treasury stock, at cost, 8,133 and 7,826 common shares at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

(2,435,109)

 

 

(2,334,409)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(5,126)

 

 

(3,659)

Retained earnings

 

2,503,394 

 

 

2,397,064 

Total shareholders' equity

 

1,392,007 

 

 

1,364,445 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

2,128,622 

 

$

2,045,692 



See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 


 

Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except per share data)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Revenue

$

1,266,520 

 

$

1,169,409 

 

$

2,414,917 

 

$

2,238,238 

Restaurant operating costs (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Food, beverage and packaging

 

413,096 

 

 

399,152 

 

 

785,011 

 

 

760,947 

Labor

 

341,842 

 

 

305,851 

 

 

660,705 

 

 

593,702 

Occupancy

 

86,772 

 

 

80,321 

 

 

172,028 

 

 

159,283 

Other operating costs

 

175,171 

 

 

163,685 

 

 

323,240 

 

 

314,294 

General and administrative expenses

 

85,153 

 

 

70,075 

 

 

162,216 

 

 

139,516 

Depreciation and amortization

 

49,193 

 

 

41,081 

 

 

96,108 

 

 

80,360 

Pre-opening costs

 

2,014 

 

 

2,903 

 

 

4,663 

 

 

6,972 

Impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals

 

45,322 

 

 

(384)

 

 

50,181 

 

 

3,266 

Total operating expenses

 

1,198,563 

 

 

1,062,684 

 

 

2,254,152 

 

 

2,058,340 

Income from operations

 

67,957 

 

 

106,725 

 

 

160,765 

 

 

179,898 

Interest and other income, net

 

2,323 

 

 

1,049 

 

 

3,717 

 

 

2,237 

Income before income taxes

 

70,280 

 

 

107,774 

 

 

164,482 

 

 

182,135 

Provision for income taxes

 

(23,396)

 

 

(41,044)

 

 

(58,152)

 

 

(69,285)

Net income

$

46,884 

 

$

66,730 

 

$

106,330 

 

$

112,850 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

1.69 

 

$

2.33 

 

$

3.82 

 

$

3.93 

Diluted

$

1.68 

 

$

2.32 

 

$

3.81 

 

$

3.92 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

27,819 

 

 

28,649 

 

 

27,865 

 

 

28,699 

Diluted

 

27,935 

 

 

28,800 

 

 

27,942 

 

 

28,825 



 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income

(unaudited)

(in thousands)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Net income

$

46,884 

 

$

66,730 

 

$

106,330 

 

$

112,850 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

(1,580)

 

 

2,136 

 

 

(1,448)

 

 

2,811 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

108 

 

 

(95)

 

 

49 

 

 

(371)

Tax benefit (expense)

 

(26)

 

 

37 

 

 

(68)

 

 

131 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes

 

(1,498)

 

 

2,078 

 

 

(1,467)

 

 

2,571 

Comprehensive income

$

45,386 

 

$

68,808 

 

$

104,863 

 

$

115,421 



See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2

 


 

Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

(unaudited)

(in thousands)







 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017



 

 

 

(as adjusted)(1)

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

106,330 

 

$

112,850 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

96,108 

 

 

80,360 

Deferred income tax (benefit) provision

 

16,948 

 

 

(5,939)

Impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals

 

50,181 

 

 

3,266 

Bad debt allowance

 

106 

 

 

181 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

23,645 

 

 

36,846 

Other

 

(1,228)

 

 

(107)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

16,621 

 

 

15,372 

Inventory

 

(1,007)

 

 

(4,530)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(19,490)

 

 

(6,143)

Other assets

 

3,776 

 

 

(938)

Accounts payable

 

14,451 

 

 

8,271 

Accrued liabilities

 

3,984 

 

 

(21,856)

Income tax payable/receivable

 

(23,003)

 

 

8,480 

Deferred rent

 

11,455 

 

 

15,463 

Other long-term liabilities

 

(3,459)

 

 

2,052 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

295,418 

 

 

243,628 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of leasehold improvements, property and equipment

 

(128,505)

 

 

(113,715)

Purchases of investments

 

(208,294)

 

 

(19,922)

Maturities of investments

 

185,000 

 

 

80,000 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(151,799)

 

 

(53,637)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of treasury stock

 

(101,801)

 

 

(103,827)

Stock plan transactions and other financing activities

 

(55)

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(101,856)

 

 

(103,818)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(715)

 

 

1,130 

Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

41,048 

 

 

87,303 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

214,170 

 

 

116,370 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period

$

255,218 

 

$

203,673 



(1)

Balances were adjusted due to the adoption of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash” as discussed in further detail in Note 2. “Recent Accounting Standards.”  



See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 


 

Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

(dollar and share amounts in thousands, unless otherwise specified)

1. Basis of Presentation

In this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its subsidiaries, is collectively referred to as “Chipotle,” “we,” “us,” or “our.”

We develop and operate restaurants that serve a focused menu of burritos, tacos, burrito bowls, and salads, made using fresh, high-quality ingredients. As of June 30, 2018, we operated 2,427 Chipotle restaurants throughout the United States as well as 38 international Chipotle restaurants. We are also an investor in a consolidated entity that owns and operates two Pizzeria Locale restaurants, a fast-casual pizza concept. We managed our operations based on nine regions during the second quarter of 2018 and have aggregated our operations to one reportable segment.

We have prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial statements and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments consisting of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and results of operations. Interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be achieved for the full year. The financial statements and related notes do not include all information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for annual reports. This quarterly report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

2. Recent Accounting Standards

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” The pronouncement requires lessees to recognize a liability for lease obligations, which represent the discounted obligation to make future minimum lease payments, and a corresponding right-of-use asset on the balance sheet. The guidance requires disclosures of key information about leasing arrangements that is intended to give financial statement users the ability to assess the amount, timing, and potential uncertainty of cash flows related to leases. We will adopt the requirements of the new lease standard effective January 1, 2019, and the pronouncement requires a modified retrospective adoption method. We plan to elect the transition package of three practical expedients permitted within the standard, which among other things, allows the carryforward of historical lease classifications, and we are further evaluating other optional practical expedients and policy elections. We are assessing the impact of the standard to our accounting policies, processes, disclosures, and internal control over financial reporting and we are implementing necessary upgrades to our existing lease system. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 will have a significant impact on our consolidated balance sheet because we will record material assets and obligations for current operating leases. We are still assessing the expected impact on our consolidated statements of income and cash flows.

We reviewed all other recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

During the first quarter of 2018, we retrospectively adopted ASU 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The adoption did not have an impact on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, statements of income, or cash flows. The primary impact of adoption was the enhancement of our disclosures related to gift cards and certain promotional activity included in Note 4. “Revenue Recognition.”

During the first quarter of 2018, we retrospectively adopted ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash,” which requires restricted cash to be classified with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning of period and end of period total amounts on the statement of cash flows. Accordingly, we reclassified $28,536 of restricted cash into cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash as of June 30, 2017, for a total balance of $203,673, which resulted in a $46 increase in net cash provided by operating activities in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The adoption of the guidance also requires us to reconcile the cash balance presented on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows to the cash balance presented on the condensed consolidated balance sheet, as well as make disclosures about the nature of restricted cash balances. See Note 3. “Restricted Cash” for these disclosures.

4

 


 

3. Restricted Cash

Restricted cash assets are primarily insurance-related restricted trust assets and are included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The table below reconciles the cash and cash equivalents balance on the condensed consolidated balance sheet and the restricted cash balance to the amount of cash reported on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows:





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



June 30,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017

Cash and cash equivalents

$

225,658 

 

$

184,569 

Restricted cash

 

29,560 

 

 

29,601 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

255,218 

 

$

214,170 

 

4. Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue, net of discounts and incentives, when payment is tendered at the point of sale. We report revenue net of sales-related taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental taxing authorities. We recognize a liability for offers of free food by estimating the cost to satisfy the offer based on company-specific historical redemption patterns for similar promotions. These costs are recognized in other operating costs on the condensed consolidated statement of income and in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. 

We sell gift cards which do not have expiration dates and we do not deduct non-usage fees from outstanding gift card balances. We recognize revenue from gift cards when: (i) the gift card is redeemed by the customer; or (ii) we determine the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed by the customer is remote (gift card breakage) and there is not a legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift cards to the relevant jurisdiction. Gift card breakage is recognized in revenue as the gift cards are used on a pro rata basis over an eight-month period beginning at the date of the gift card sale and is included in revenue on the condensed consolidated statement of income. We have determined that 4% of gift card sales will not be redeemed and will be retained by us. Gift card liability balances are typically highest at the end of each calendar year following increased gift card sales during the holiday season; accordingly, revenue recognized from gift card liability balances is highest in the first quarter of each calendar year.

The gift card liability included in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet is as follows:



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



June 30,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017

Gift card liability

$

45,129 

 

$

63,645 

Revenue recognized on the condensed consolidated statement of income for the redemption of gift cards that were included in accrued liabilities at the beginning of the year is as follows:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Revenue recognized from gift card liability balance at the beginning of the year

 

$

6,289 

 

$

6,524 

 

$

30,529 

 

$

31,570 



We offered a limited-time frequency program called Chiptopia Summer Rewards during the third quarter of 2016, which allowed customers to redeem certain rewards earned through the first quarter of 2017. We deferred revenue reflecting the portion of the original rewards that were earned by program participants and not redeemed by September 30, 2016, and we recorded a corresponding liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The portion of revenue allocated to the rewards was based on the estimated value of the award earned and took into consideration company-specific historical redemption patterns for similar promotions. Revenue was recognized as an award was redeemed, or upon expiration. Revenue recognized from the deferred liability for the loyalty rewards balance as of December 31, 2016 was $5,489 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. No other amounts related to loyalty rewards have been recognized in revenue for any periods presented.  

5. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying value of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of their short-term nature. Investments are carried at fair value and are classified as available-for-sale. Investments consist of U.S. treasury notes with maturities of approximately one year. Fair value of investments is measured using Level 1 inputs (quoted prices for identical assets in active markets).

5

 


 

The following is a summary of available-for-sale securities:



 

 

 

 

 



 

 



June 30,

 

December 31,



2018

 

2017

Amortized cost

$

348,712 

 

$

324,875 

Unrealized gains (losses)

 

(443)

 

 

(493)

Fair value

$

348,269 

 

$

324,382 



The following is a summary of unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) on the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities

$

108 

 

$

(95)

 

$

49 

 

$

(371)

Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities, net of tax

$

82 

 

$

(58)

 

$

(19)

 

$

(240)



Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded in interest and other income, net on the condensed consolidated statement of income. We had no realized gains or losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.



We also maintain a rabbi trust to fund obligations under a deferred compensation plan. Amounts in the rabbi trust are invested in mutual funds, which are designated as trading securities and carried at fair value, and are included in other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Fair value of mutual funds is measured using Level 1 inputs. The fair value of the investments in the rabbi trust was $16,483 and $19,887 as of June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively. We record trading gains and losses in general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of income, along with the offsetting amount related to the increase or decrease in deferred compensation to reflect our exposure to liabilities for payment under the deferred plan.

The following table sets forth unrealized gains (losses) on trading securities held in the rabbi trust:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Unrealized gains (losses) on trading securities held in rabbi trust

$

38 

 

$

359 

 

$

(1,585)

 

$

822 

 

6. Corporate Restructuring Costs

On May 23, 2018, we announced that we will open a headquarters office in Newport Beach, California, consolidate certain corporate administrative functions into our existing office in Columbus, Ohio, and close our existing headquarters offices in Denver, Colorado, as well as additional corporate offices in New York, New York. All affected employees were either offered an opportunity to continue in the new organization or were offered a severance package, which was communicated throughout the week ended June 22, 2018. As a result, we expect to incur corporate restructuring costs aggregating approximately $70,000 to $80,000.  

We record severance as a one-time termination benefit and recognize the expense ratably over the employees’ required future service period. We record a liability for lease termination costs consisting of the net present value of remaining lease obligations, net of estimated sublease rentals that could be reasonably obtained, at the date we cease using a property, and measure fair value using Level 3 inputs (unobservable inputs). All other costs, including other employee transition costs, recruitment and relocation costs, other office closure costs, and third-party costs, are recognized in the period incurred.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded restructuring charges of $3,900 and a cumulative adjustment to reduce stock-based compensation expense of $6,426 in general and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statement of income. Further, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded $16,299 in impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals on the condensed consolidated statement of income, of which $15,196 was lease termination and other office closure costs and $1,103 was non-cash impairment for office-related assets.

We expect to recognize additional costs associated with the restructuring into 2019 of approximately $57,000 to $66,000, including cash expenditures related to (i) employee severance and other employee transition costs of approximately $23,000 to $26,000, (ii) recruitment and relocation costs of approximately $15,000 to $16,000, (iii) lease termination and other office closure costs of approximately $9,000 to $13,000, and (iv) third-party and other costs of approximately $1,000. We also expect additional incremental stock-based compensation costs associated

6

 


 

with the restructuring of approximately $9,000 to $10,000. See Note 9. “Stock-based Compensation” below for discussion of stock-based compensation expense related to the restructuring.

Restructuring costs recorded in the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 consisted of the following:





 

 



 

 



Three and Six months ended June 30,



2018

Employee severance and other employee transition costs

$

493 

Recruitment and relocation costs

 

207 

Lease termination and other office closure costs

 

15,196 

Third-party and other costs

 

3,200 



 

19,096 

Impairment for office-related assets

 

1,103 

Stock-based compensation (1)

 

(6,426)

Total restructuring costs

$

13,773 



(1)

Cumulative adjustment to reduce stock-based compensation expense as we reduced our estimate of the number of certain awards that we expect will vest. See Note 9. “Stock-based Compensation” below for discussion of stock-based compensation expense related to the restructuring.



As of June 30, 2018, the accruals for our corporate restructuring costs are included in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet and totaled $16,785. The following table summarizes the activity included in our restructuring liability for the six months ended June 30, 2018:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Balance December 31, 2017

 

Charges

 

Payments

 

Balance June 30, 2018

Employee severance and other employee transition costs

$

 -

 

$

493 

 

$

 -

 

$

493 

Recruitment and relocation costs

 

 -

 

 

207 

 

 

(207)

 

 

 -

Lease termination and other office closure costs

 

 -

 

 

15,196 

 

 

(499)

 

 

14,697 

Third-party and other costs

 

 -

 

 

3,200 

 

 

(1,605)

 

 

1,595 

Total restructuring liability

$

 -

 

$

19,096 

 

$

(2,311)

 

$

16,785 

 

7. Restaurant Closures and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Following an evaluation of underperforming restaurants, we determined that we will close approximately 55 to 65 restaurants beginning in the second quarter of 2018 and continuing over the next several quarters. We closed one Chipotle restaurant and five Pizzeria Locale restaurants due to underperformance during the three months ended June 30, 2018. Primarily in connection with these planned restaurant closures, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized non-cash impairment charges of $25,166 ($18,507 net of tax, as well as $0.67 and $0.66 per basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and $0.66 per basic and diluted earnings per share for the six months ended June 30, 2018). The impairment charges were recognized in impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals on the condensed consolidated statement of income and represented a write down of a large portion of the associated long-lived asset value related to those restaurants. The fair value of the long-lived assets was determined using valuation techniques including discounting future cash flows and market-based analyses to determine resale value, both of which are Level 3 inputs (unobservable inputs).

We record a liability for lease termination costs consisting of the net present value of remaining lease obligations, net of estimated sublease rentals that could be reasonably obtained, at the date we cease using a property, and measure fair value using Level 3 inputs (unobservable inputs) based on a discounted cash flow method. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded $716 in connection with the restaurants closed due to underperformance in impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals on the condensed consolidated statement of income. On July 26, 2018, we completed the closure of an additional 29 Chipotle restaurants, and we expect to incur additional charges for these and the remaining planned restaurant closures over the next several quarters as we cease using the properties for lease termination costs of approximately $8,000 to $17,000 and accelerated depreciation of approximately $7,000 to $8,000.

7

 


 

8. Shareholders’ Equity

Through June 30, 2018, we had announced authorizations by our Board of Directors of repurchases of shares of common stock, which in the aggregate, authorized expenditures of up to $2.5 billion. Under the remaining repurchase authorizations, shares may be purchased from time to time in open market transactions, subject to market conditions.

The following table summarizes common stock repurchases under authorized programs:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Shares of common stock repurchased

 

75 

 

 

103 

 

 

294 

 

 

244 

Total cost of common stock repurchased

$

28,377 

 

$

46,689 

 

$

96,415 

 

$

104,648 

As of June 30, 2018, $121,868 was available to repurchase shares under the announced repurchase authorizations. Shares repurchased are being held in treasury stock until such time as they are reissued or retired at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, 13 shares of common stock at a total cost of $4,285 were netted and surrendered as payment for minimum statutory withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of outstanding stock awards. Shares surrendered by the participants in accordance with the applicable award agreements and plan are deemed repurchased by us but are not part of publicly announced share repurchase programs. 

9. Stock-based Compensation

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we granted stock only stock appreciation rights (“SOSARs”) on 647 shares of our common stock to eligible employees. The weighted-average grant date fair value of the SOSARs was $72.04 per share with a weighted-average exercise price of $388.86 per share with some based on the closing price of common stock on the date of grant and some at a premium to the closing price ranging from 110% to 160%. The SOSARs generally vest in two equal installments on the second and third anniversary of the grant date; however, 168 vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date and 175 vest after 18 months from the grant date. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, 298 SOSARs were exercised, 95 SOSARs were forfeited, and 1 SOSAR expired.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we granted restricted stock units (“RSUs”) on 110 shares of our common stock to eligible employees. The weighted-average grant date fair value of the RSUs was $325.58 per share. The RSUs generally vest in two equal installments on the second and third anniversary of the grant date. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, 3 RSUs vested and 11 RSUs were forfeited.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we awarded 29 performance shares (“PSUs”) that are subject to service and performance vesting conditions. The PSUs had a weighted-average grant date fair value of $327.58 per share and vest based on our growth in comparable restaurant sales and average restaurant margin over defined periods. The quantity of shares that will vest range from 0% to 300% of the targeted number of shares. If the defined minimum targets are not met, then no shares will vest.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, 29 PSUs that were subject to service, market and performance conditions vested, and 24 shares that were subject to service, performance and/or market conditions were forfeited for failure to meet the specified performance levels or service requirements.

We estimate forfeitures when determining the amount of stock-based compensation costs to be recognized in each period. As a result of the transition of employees in connection with the corporate restructuring described in Note 6. “Corporate Restructuring Costs,” we reduced our estimate of the number of certain SOSAR and RSU awards that we expect will vest. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, this resulted in a cumulative adjustment to reduce expense of $6,426 ($4,726 net of tax as well as $0.17 to basic and diluted earnings per share). On July 23, 2018, in connection with the restructuring, we modified service requirements for certain SOSAR and RSU awards for approximately 320 employees, which will result in total estimated incremental expense of $9,000 to $10,000 and will be recognized over various employee service periods through the first quarter of 2019.

8

 


 

The following table sets forth total stock-based compensation expense:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Stock-based compensation expense

$

11,660 

 

$

20,783 

 

$

24,036 

 

$

37,476 

Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax

$

8,575 

 

$

12,713 

 

$

17,676 

 

$

22,924 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized as capitalized development

$

112 

 

$

393 

 

$

391 

 

$

630 

Excess tax benefit (deficit) on stock-based compensation recognized in provision for income taxes

$

(431)

 

$

422 

 

$

(5,973)

 

$

664 

 

10. Income Taxes

The effective tax rate differs from the statutory tax rate as follows:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Statutory U.S. federal income tax rate

 

21.0 

%

 

35.0 

%

 

21.0 

%

 

35.0 

%

State income tax, net of related federal income tax benefit

 

6.3 

 

 

4.3 

 

 

6.3 

 

 

4.3 

 

Foreign operations

 

0.8 

 

 

0.7 

 

 

0.8 

 

 

0.7 

 

Federal credits

 

(1.8)

 

 

(1.1)

 

 

(1.8)

 

 

(1.1)

 

Executive compensation disallowed

 

2.1 

 

 

0.1 

 

 

2.1 

 

 

0.1 

 

Meals and entertainment

 

1.6 

 

 

 -

 

 

1.6 

 

 

 -

 

Other

 

2.7 

 

 

(0.2)

 

 

0.5 

 

 

(0.2)

 

Discrete items

 

0.6 

 

 

(0.7)

 

 

4.9 

 

 

(0.8)

 

Effective income tax rate

 

33.3 

%

 

38.1 

%

 

35.4 

%

 

38.0 

%

The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) lowered the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. The reduction was offset by an increase in the effective state tax rate due to the impact of state tax deductions at the lower federal tax rate, and the impact of non-deductible items that were added or expanded by the TCJA. The tax rate was further impacted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, by excess tax deficits on stock-based compensation.

In 2017, we recorded a tax benefit of $6,047, which we believed was the impact of the enactment of the TCJA. The benefit was based on currently available information and interpretations, which are continuing to evolve, and as a result, the benefit is considered provisional. We continue to update our analysis related to the TCJA as supplemental legislation, regulatory guidance, or evolving technical interpretations become available. Based on supplemental legislation issued during 2018, we recorded additional tax expense of $399 during the six months ended June 30, 2018. We will continue to refine such amounts within the measurement period as provided by Staff Accounting Bulletin Number 118. We expect to complete our analysis no later than the fourth quarter of 2018.

11. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share (“diluted EPS”) is calculated using income available to common shareholders divided by diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding during each period. Potentially dilutive securities include common shares related to SOSARs and non-vested stock awards (collectively “stock awards”). Stock awards are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS in the event they are subject to performance conditions or are antidilutive.

The following stock awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Stock awards subject to performance conditions

 

108 

 

 

247 

 

 

100 

 

 

244 

Stock awards that were antidilutive

 

2,061 

 

 

1,506 

 

 

2,144 

 

 

1,482 

Total stock awards excluded from diluted earnings per share

 

2,169 

 

 

1,753 

 

 

2,244 

 

 

1,726 



9

 


 

The following table sets forth the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Net income

$

46,884 

 

$

66,730 

 

$

106,330 

 

$

112,850 

Shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding

 

27,819 

 

 

28,649 

 

 

27,865 

 

 

28,699 

Dilutive stock awards

 

116 

 

 

151 

 

 

77 

 

 

126 

Diluted weighted-average number of common shares outstanding

 

27,935 

 

 

28,800 

 

 

27,942 

 

 

28,825 

Basic earnings per share

$

1.69 

 

$

2.33 

 

$

3.82 

 

$

3.93 

Diluted earnings per share

$

1.68 

 

$

2.32 

 

$

3.81 

 

$

3.92 

 

12. Commitments and Contingencies

Data Security Incident 

In April 2017, our information security team detected unauthorized activity on the network that supports payment processing for our restaurants, and immediately began an investigation with the help of leading computer security firms. We also self-reported the issue to payment card processors and law enforcement. Our investigation detected malware designed to access payment card data from cards used at point-of-sale devices at most Chipotle restaurants, primarily in the period from March 24, 2017 through April 18, 2017. The malware searched for track data, which may include cardholder name, card number, expiration date, and internal verification codes; however, no other customer information was affected. We have removed the malware from our systems and continue to evaluate ways to enhance our security measures. We expect that substantially all of our investigation costs will be covered by insurance; however, we may incur legal expenses in excess of our insurance coverage limits associated with the data security incident in future periods. We will recognize these expenses as services are received.  

As of June 30, 2018, we had a balance of $30,000 included in accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet which represents an estimate of potential liabilities associated with anticipated claims and assessments by payment card networks in connection with the data security incident. We may ultimately be subject to liabilities greater than or less than the amount accrued.

Litigation Arising from Security Incident 

On May 4, 2017, Bellwether Community Credit Union filed a purported class action complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Colorado alleging that we negligently failed to provide adequate security to protect the payment card information of customers of the plaintiffs and those of other similarly situated credit unions, banks and other financial institutions alleged to be part of the putative class, causing those institutions to suffer financial losses. The complaint also claims we were negligent per se based on alleged violations of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act and similar state laws.  The plaintiff seeks monetary damages, injunctive relief and attorneys’ fees.  On May 26, 2017, Alcoa Community Credit Union filed a purported class action complaint in the U. S. District Court for the District of Colorado making substantially the same allegations as the Bellwether complaint and seeking substantially the same relief. The Bellwether and Alcoa cases have been consolidated and will proceed as a single action.

On June 9, 2017, Todd Gordon filed a purported class action complaint in the U. S. District Court for the District of Colorado alleging that we negligently failed to provide adequate security to protect the payment card information of the plaintiff and other similarly situated customers alleged to be part of the putative class, causing some customers to suffer alleged injuries and others to be at risk of possible future injuries. The complaint also claims we were negligent per se based on alleged violations of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act and similar state laws, and also alleges breach of contract, unjust enrichment, and violations of the Arizona Consumer Fraud Act. Additionally, on August 21, 2017, Greg Lawson and Judy Conard filed a purported class action complaint in the U. S. District Court for the District of Colorado making allegations substantially similar to those in the Gordon complaint, and stating substantially similar claims as well as claims under the Colorado Consumer Protection Act. The Gordon and Lawson/Conard cases have been consolidated and will proceed as a single action.

We intend to vigorously defend each of the aforementioned cases, but it is not possible at this time to reasonably estimate the outcome of or any potential liability from these cases. Although certain fees and costs associated with the data security incident and the aforementioned litigation to date have been paid or reimbursed by our cyber liability insurer, the ultimate amount of liabilities arising from the litigation may be in excess of the limits of our applicable insurance coverage.

Receipt of Grand Jury Subpoenas   

On January 28, 2016, we were served with a Federal Grand Jury Subpoena from the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California in connection with an official criminal investigation being conducted by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California, in conjunction with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Office of Criminal Investigations. The subpoena required the

10

 


 

production of documents and information related to company-wide food safety matters dating back to January 1, 2013. We received a follow-up subpoena on July 19, 2017 requesting information related to an illness incident associated with a single Chipotle restaurant in Sterling, Virginia, and another follow-up subpoena on February 14, 2018 requesting information related to an illness incident associated with a single Chipotle restaurant in Los Angeles, California. We intend to continue to fully cooperate in the investigation.  It is not possible at this time to determine whether we will incur, or to reasonably estimate the amount of, any fines or penalties in connection with the investigation pursuant to which the subpoenas were issued.

Shareholder Derivative Actions   

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, all of the pending shareholder derivative lawsuits described in our previous quarterly report on Form 10-Q were resolved.

Shareholder Class Actions   

On January 8, 2016, Susie Ong filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York on behalf of a purported class of purchasers of shares of our common stock between February 4, 2015 and January 5, 2016. The complaint purports to state claims against us, each of the co-chief executive officers serving during the claimed class period and the chief financial officer under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and related rules, based on our alleged failure during the claimed class period to disclose material information about our quality controls and safeguards in relation to consumer and employee health. The complaint asserts that those failures and related public statements were false and misleading and that, as a result, the market price of our stock was artificially inflated during the claimed class period. The complaint seeks damages on behalf of the purported class in an unspecified amount, interest, and an award of reasonable attorneys’ fees, expert fees and other costs. On March 8, 2017, the court granted our motion to dismiss the complaint, with leave to amend. The plaintiff filed an amended complaint on April 7, 2017. On March 22, 2018, the court granted our motion to dismiss, with prejudice. On April 20, 2018, the plaintiffs filed a motion for relief from the judgment and seeking leave to file a third amended complaint, and a ruling on the motion remains pending.

Additionally, on July 20, 2017, Elizabeth Kelley filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado on behalf of a purported class of purchasers of shares of our common stock between February 5, 2016 and July 19, 2017, with claims and factual allegations similar to the Ong complaint, based primarily on media reports regarding illnesses associated with a Chipotle restaurant in Sterling, Virginia. We filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on February 12, 2018, and a ruling on the motion remains pending. 

We intend to continue to vigorously defend the Ong and Kelley cases, but it is not possible at this time to reasonably estimate the outcome of or any potential liability from either of these cases.

Miscellaneous

We are involved in various other claims and legal actions that arise in the ordinary course of business. We do not believe that the ultimate resolution of these actions will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, liquidity or capital resources. However, a significant increase in the number of these claims, or one or more successful claims under which we incur greater liabilities than we currently anticipate, could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

11

 


 

ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this report, including estimates of restructuring-related costs, projections of our expected comparable restaurant sales increases for 2018, projected new restaurant openings for 2018, projected restaurant closures and the resulting financial impacts, projections of expected marketing and promotional spend, general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, estimates of our effective tax rates and other statements of our expectations and plans, are forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “should,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions, to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on information available to us as of the date any such statements are made, and we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risk factors described in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as updated in Part II, Item 1A. of this report. 

Overview

As of June 30, 2018, we operated 2,467 restaurants in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France and Germany. We are committed to making our food more accessible to everyone while continuing to be a brand with a demonstrated purpose. Steve Ells, our founder and executive chairman, first opened Chipotle starting with a single restaurant in Denver, Colorado in 1993. 

2018 Highlights

Corporate Restructuring. On May 23, 2018 we announced that we will open a headquarters office in Newport Beach, California, consolidate certain corporate administrative functions into our existing office in Columbus, Ohio, and close our existing headquarters offices in Denver, Colorado, as well as additional corporate offices in New York, New York. All affected employees were either offered an opportunity to continue in the new organization or were offered a severance package, which was communicated throughout the week ended June 22, 2018. As a result, we expect to incur corporate restructuring costs aggregating approximately $70.0 million to $80.0 million. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized restructuring charges of $3.9 million and a cumulative adjustment to reduce stock-based compensation expense of $6.4 million in general and administrative expenses. Further, we recognized $16.3 million in impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals, of which $15.2 million was lease termination and other office closure costs and $1.1 million was non-cash impairment for office-related assets. We expect to recognize additional costs associated with the restructuring into 2019 of approximately $57.0 million to $66.0 million. For additional information, please see Note 6. “Corporate Restructuring Costs” in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. “Financial Statements in Part I, as well as Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors—Our restructuring activities will increase our expenses, may not be successful, and may adversely impact employee hiring and retention.

Sales Trends. Comparable restaurant sales increased 2.8% for first six months of 2018, including the adverse impact of 0.2% as a result of previously-deferred revenue that was recognized in the first quarter of 2017 related to our limited-time Chiptopia Summer Rewards program, and 3.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2018. Comparable restaurant sales increases for the first six months of 2018 were attributable to an increase in average check, including a 4.5% benefit for the first six months of 2018 from menu price increases that were implemented in all of our restaurants in stages beginning in April 2017, partially offset by 2.6% fewer comparable restaurant transactions. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, the benefit from menu price increases was 4.0%, and comparable restaurant transactions declined 1.8%. We expect full year 2018 comparable restaurant sales increases to be in the low to mid-single digits, including the impact of menu price increases. Comparable restaurant sales and transactions represent the change in period-over-period sales or transactions for restaurants in operation for at least 13 full calendar months. Average restaurant sales were $1.950 million as of June 30, 2018, a slight decrease from $1.957 million as of June 30, 2017, but increasing from $1.940 million as of December 31, 2017. We define average restaurant sales as the average trailing 12-month sales for restaurants in operation for at least 12 full calendar months.

We continue to invest in improving our digital platforms and equipping select restaurants with an upgraded second make line dedicated to fulfilling out-of-restaurant orders. Sales from out-of-restaurant orders represented 9.7% of our revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2018, an increase from 8.3% of revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2017.

Restaurant Operating Costs.  Our restaurant operating costs (food, beverage and packaging; labor; occupancy; and other operating costs) as a percentage of revenue decreased to 80.4% in the six months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to 81.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2017. The decrease was primarily due to comparable restaurant sales increases, and to a lesser extent lower marketing and promotional spend, partially offset by wage inflation at the crew level.

12

 


 

Restaurant Development. As of June 30, 2018, we had 2,467 restaurants in operation, including 2,427 Chipotle restaurants throughout the United States, 38 international Chipotle restaurants, and an investment in a consolidated entity that owns and operates two Pizzeria Locale restaurants, a fast-casual pizza concept. We opened 34 new restaurants and closed three Chipotle restaurants and five Pizzeria Locale restaurants during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and opened 69 new restaurants and closed ten restaurants, including five Pizzeria Locale restaurants, during the six months ended June 30, 2018. For the full year, we expect new restaurant openings at the lower end of our previously-announced range of approximately 130 to 150.

Restaurant Closures. Following an evaluation of underperforming restaurants during the three months ended June 30, 2018 we determined that we will close approximately 55 to 65 restaurants beginning in the second quarter of 2018 and continuing over the next several quarters. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we closed one Chipotle restaurant and five Pizzeria Locale restaurants due to underperformance. Primarily in connection with these planned restaurant closures, in the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we incurred non-cash impairment charges of $25.2 million to write down a large portion of the associated long-lived asset values related to those restaurants. On July 26, 2018, we completed the closure of 29 additional Chipotle restaurants, and we expect to incur additional charges for these and the remaining restaurant closures over the next several quarters, comprised of lease termination costs of approximately $8.0 million to $17.0 million and accelerated depreciation of approximately $7.0 to $8.0 million.  For additional information, please see Note 7. “Restaurant Closures and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. “Financial Statements.” in Part I, as well as Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors—Our restructuring activities will increase our expenses, may not be successful, and may adversely impact employee hiring and retention.

Income Taxes.  In December 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, or TCJA, was signed into law, and among other changes, the TCJA lowered the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% beginning in 2018. We expect our 2018 annual effective tax rate to be approximately 35.5% to 36.5%, which includes up to 5% related to stock-based compensation. Our estimated annual effective tax rate increased from our estimate in the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily due to the impact on our pre-tax income of restructuring and impairment costs. Our tax rate is subject to volatility from the tax effect of stock award exercises and vesting activities. During the third quarter of 2018, we expect our effective tax rate to be about 30.3%. During the fourth quarter, we expect the 2016 stock awards that contain market conditions likely will also negatively impact our effective tax rate and that the rate may be as high as 43.0%.

Restaurant Activity

The following table details restaurant unit data for the periods indicated:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

Six months ended June 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Beginning of period

2,441 

 

2,291 

 

2,408 

 

2,250 

Openings

34 

 

50 

 

69 

 

107 

Chipotle relocations/closures

(3)

 

(2)

 

(5)

 

(3)

ShopHouse closures

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

(15)

Pizzeria Locale closures

(5)

 

 -

 

(5)

 

 -

Total restaurants at end of period

2,467 

 

2,339 

 

2,467 

 

2,339 



Results of Operations

Our results of operations as a percentage of revenue and period-over-period changes are discussed in the following section. As our business grows and we open more restaurants and hire more employees, our aggregate restaurant operating costs and depreciation and amortization generally increase.

13

 


 

Revenue







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended

June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase/(decrease)

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase/(decrease)

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Revenue

$

1,266.5 

 

$

1,169.4 

 

8.3% 

 

$

2,414.9 

 

$

2,238.2 

 

7.9% 

 

Average restaurant sales

$

1.950 

 

$

1.957 

 

(0.4%)

 

$

1.950 

 

$

1.957 

 

(0.4%)

 

Comparable restaurant sales increases

 

3.3% 

 

 

8.1% 

 

 

 

 

2.8% 

 

 

12.5% 

 

 

 

Number of restaurants as of the end of the period

 

2,467 

 

 

2,339 

 

5.5% 

 

 

2,467 

 

 

2,339 

 

5.5% 

 

Number of restaurants opened in the period

 

34 

 

 

50 

 

 

 

 

69 

 

 

107 

 

 

 



The most significant factors contributing to the increase in revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2018, were $61.4 million in revenue from restaurants not yet in the comparable base, of which $22.2 million was attributable to restaurants opened in 2018, and comparable restaurant sales increases of $35.4 million.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, revenue from restaurants not yet in the comparable restaurant base contributed $123.7 million to the revenue increase, of which $29.3 million was attributable to restaurants opened in 2018, and comparable restaurant sales increases contributed $53.0 million. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the increase in comparable restaurant sales was attributable to an increase in average check, including a 4.5% benefit from menu price increases that were implemented in all of our restaurants in stages beginning in April 2017, partially offset by 2.6% fewer comparable restaurant transactions. 

Food, Beverage and Packaging Costs





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Food, beverage and packaging

$

413.1 

 

$

399.2 

 

3.5% 

 

$

785.0 

 

$

760.9 

 

3.2% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

32.6% 

 

 

34.1% 

 

 

 

 

32.5% 

 

 

34.0% 

 

 

 



Food, beverage and packaging costs decreased as a percentage of revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The decreases were primarily due to the benefit of menu price increases taken in almost all restaurants within the last 12 months and relief in avocado prices, partially offset by elevated beef prices.

Labor Costs





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Labor costs

$

341.8 

 

$

305.9 

 

11.8% 

 

$

660.7 

 

$

593.7 

 

11.3% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

27.0% 

 

 

26.2% 

 

 

 

 

27.4% 

 

 

26.5% 

 

 

 



Labor costs as a percentage of revenue increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, primarily due to wage inflation at the crew level, partially offset by comparable restaurant sales increases.

Occupancy Costs





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Occupancy costs

$

86.8 

 

$

80.3 

 

8.0% 

 

$

172.0 

 

$

159.3 

 

8.0% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

6.9% 

 

 

6.9% 

 

 

 

 

7.1% 

 

 

7.1% 

 

 

 



Occupancy costs as a percentage of revenue remained flat for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

14

 


 

Other Operating Costs





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Other operating costs

$

175.2 

 

$

163.7 

 

7.0% 

 

$

323.2 

 

$

314.3 

 

2.8% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

13.8% 

 

 

14.0% 

 

 

 

 

13.4% 

 

 

14.0% 

 

 

 



Other operating costs include, among other items, marketing and promotional costs, bank and credit card fees, and restaurant utilities and maintenance costs. Other operating costs as a percentage of revenue decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, primarily due to lower marketing and promotional spend partially offset by increased spending on repairs and maintenance for work performed to our existing restaurants. We expect repairs and maintenance costs to remain elevated during 2018. For the full year, we expect marketing and promotional expenses to be at or slightly above 3.0% of revenue.

General and Administrative Expenses





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

General and administrative expense

$

85.2 

 

$

70.1 

 

21.5% 

 

$

162.2 

 

$

139.5 

 

16.3% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

6.7% 

 

 

6.0% 

 

 

 

 

6.7% 

 

 

6.2% 

 

 

 



General and administrative expense increased in dollar terms during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, primarily due to increased headcount and higher bonus expenses, combined with increased expense related to several company initiatives to support our restaurant growth, including digitizing our restaurant experience and operational leadership changes, and increased legal and corporate restructuring expenses. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in stock-based compensation expense due to reducing our estimate of the number of certain SOSAR and RSU awards we expect to vest in connection with the corporate restructuring described above under “2018 Highlights - Corporate Restructuring,” and granting our annual stock awards later in the year as compared to 2017. We expect to incur additional general and administrative expense related to corporate restructuring, consisting of cash expenditures related to employee severance and other employee transition costs of approximately $23.0 million to $26.0 million, recruitment and relocation costs of approximately $15.0 million to $16.0 million, third-party and other costs of approximately $1.0 million, and stock-based compensation costs of approximately $9.0 million to $10.0 million. We expect to continue to recognize costs associated with the restructuring into 2019.

Depreciation and Amortization  







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

$

49.2 

 

$

41.1 

 

19.7% 

 

$

96.1 

 

$

80.4 

 

19.6% 

 

As a percentage of revenue

 

3.9% 

 

 

3.5% 

 

 

 

 

4.0% 

 

 

3.6% 

 

 

 



For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, depreciation and amortization increased as a percent of revenue because we recorded accelerated depreciation on certain restaurant assets in connection with a large refresh project and certain equipment replacement projects which will result in the early retirement of some of our existing restaurant assets. We expect depreciation for the remainder of 2018 to remain relatively consistent with the first six months of 2018, as we will largely complete our work on remodel projects across many of our restaurants during the third and fourth quarters of 2018, offset by increased accelerated depreciation on assets associated with restaurant closures and office closures over the next several quarters of approximately $7.0 million to $8.0 million.

15

 


 

Impairment, Closure Costs, and Asset Disposals









 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%



2018

 

2017

 

increase

 

2018

 

2017

 

increase



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

Impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals

$

45.3 

 

$

(0.4)

 

n/m*

 

$

50.2 

 

$

3.3 

 

n/m*

As a percentage of revenue

 

3.6% 

 

 

0.0% 

 

 

 

 

2.1% 

 

 

0.1% 

 

 

*Not meaningful



Impairment, closure costs, and asset disposals increased in dollar terms for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, primarily due to the planned closures of underperforming restaurants and the write down of a large portion of the associated long-lived asset values, as well as lease termination costs and impairment related to office closures. We expect to incur additional cash expenditures related to lease termination costs associated with underperforming restaurants we plan to close of approximately $8.0 million to $17.0 million over the next several quarters. Over the same period, we also expect to incur additional cash expenditures related to lease termination costs associated with office closures in connection with our corporate restructuring of approximately $9.0 million to $13.0 million.

Provision for Income Taxes  







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three months ended June 30,

 

%

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

%

 



2018

 

2017

 

decrease

 

2018

 

2017

 

decrease

 



(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

$

23.4 

 

$

41.0 

 

(43.0%)

 

$

58.2 

 

$

69.3 

 

(16.1%)

 

Effective tax rate

 

33.3% 

 

 

38.1% 

 

 

 

 

35.4% 

 

 

38.0% 

 

 

 



For the full year 2018, we estimate our effective tax rate will be approximately 35.5% to 36.5% compared to 36.1% in 2017. The 2018 rate is impacted by a change in the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, offset by excess tax deficits related to stock award exercises and vesting, the impact of non-deductible items that were added or expanded by the TCJA, and an increase in the effective state tax rate due to the impact of the state tax deduction at the lower federal rate. The second quarter rate was lower than the estimated annual effective tax rate due to excess tax deficits for stock-based compensation that were recorded in the first quarter and additional excess tax deficits that we likely will realize in the fourth quarter.

Seasonality

Seasonal factors cause our profitability to fluctuate from quarter to quarter. Historically, our average daily restaurant sales are lower and net income has generally been lower in the first and fourth quarters due, in part, to the holiday season and because fewer people eat out during periods of inclement weather (the winter months) than during periods of mild or warm weather (the spring, summer and fall months). Other factors also have a seasonal effect on our results. For example, restaurants located near colleges and universities generally do more business during the academic year. Seasonal factors, however, might be moderated or outweighed by other factors that may influence our quarterly results, such as unexpected publicity impacting our business in a positive or negative way, as well as fluctuations in food or packaging costs or the timing of menu price increases. The number of trading days in a quarter can also affect our results, although, on an overall annual basis, changes in trading days do not have a significant impact.

Our quarterly results are also affected by other factors such as the amount and timing of non-cash stock-based compensation expense and related tax rate impacts, the number and timing of new restaurants opened in a quarter, closure of restaurants, and anticipated and unanticipated events. New restaurants typically have lower margins following opening as a result of the expenses associated with opening new restaurants and their operating inefficiencies in the months immediately following opening. Accordingly, results for a particular quarter are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for any other quarter or for any year.  

16

 


 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary liquidity and capital requirements are for new restaurant construction, initiatives to improve the guest experience in our restaurants, working capital and general corporate needs. As of June 30, 2018, we had a cash and short-term investment balance of $573.9 million that we expect to utilize, along with cash flow from operations, to provide capital to support the growth of our business and to invest in, maintain, and refurbish our existing restaurants, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock subject to market conditions, to execute the corporate restructuring described above under “2018 Highlights - Corporate Restructuring,” and for general corporate purposes. As of June 30, 2018, $121.9 million remained available under previously-announced repurchase authorizations. Under the remaining repurchase authorizations, shares may be purchased from time to time in open market transactions, subject to market conditions. We believe that cash from operations, together with our cash and investment balances, will be enough to meet ongoing capital expenditures, working capital requirements and other cash needs for the foreseeable future.

We have not required significant working capital because customers generally pay using cash or credit and debit cards and because our operations do not require significant receivables, nor do they require significant inventories due, in part, to our use of various fresh ingredients. In addition, we generally have the right to pay for the purchase of food, beverage and supplies some time after the receipt of those items, generally within ten days, thereby reducing the need for incremental working capital to support our growth.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of June 30, 2018, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements or obligations.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Critical accounting estimates are those that we believe are both significant and that require us to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often because we need to estimate the effect of inherently uncertain matters. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experiences and various other factors that we believe to be appropriate under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates, and we might obtain different estimates if we used different assumptions or factors. Except as set forth below, we had no significant changes in our critical accounting estimates since our last annual report. Our critical accounting estimates are identified and described in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Lease Termination and Closure Costs

We record lease termination costs consisting of remaining lease obligations, net of estimated sublease rentals that could be reasonably obtained. We record a liability for the net present value of any remaining lease obligations, net of estimated sublease income, at the date we cease using a property. Any subsequent adjustments to the liability as a result of lease termination or changes in estimates of sublease income are recorded in the period incurred. Our estimates of sublease income are subject to a high degree of judgment and may differ from actual sublease income and materially impact our operating results and cash flows.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. For the purpose of reviewing restaurant assets to be held and used for potential impairment, assets are grouped together at the market level, or in the case of a potential relocation or closure, at the restaurant level. We manage our restaurants as a group with significant common costs and promotional activities; as such, an individual restaurant’s cash flows are not generally independent of the cash flows of others in a market. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. We make significant judgments to estimate future undiscounted cash flows and asset fair values. Estimates of future cash flows are highly subjective judgments based on internal projections and knowledge of our operations, historical performance, and trends in sales and restaurant operating costs, and can be significantly impacted by changes in our business or economic conditions. The determination of asset fair value is also subject to significant judgment and utilizes valuation techniques including discounting estimated future cash flows and market-based analyses to determine resale value. If our estimates or underlying assumptions, including discount rate, change in the future, our operating results may be materially impacted.

ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 

Commodity Price Risks

We are exposed to commodity price risks. Many of the ingredients we use to prepare our food, as well as our packaging materials and utilities to run our restaurants, are ingredients or commodities that are affected by the price of other commodities, exchange rates, foreign demand, weather, seasonality, production, availability and other factors outside our control. We work closely with our suppliers and use a mix of

17

 


 

forward pricing protocols under which we agree with our supplier on fixed prices for deliveries at some time in the future, fixed pricing protocols under which we agree on a fixed price with our supplier for the duration of that protocol, formula pricing protocols under which the prices we pay are based on a specified formula related to the prices of the goods, such as spot prices, and range forward protocols under which we agree on a price range for the duration of that protocol. However, a majority of the dollar value of our purchases is effectively at spot prices. Generally, our pricing protocols with suppliers can remain in effect for periods ranging from one to 24 months, depending on the outlook for prices of the particular ingredient. In several cases, we have minimum purchase obligations. We have tried to increase, where practical, the number of suppliers for our ingredients, which we believe can help mitigate pricing volatility, and we follow industry news, trade issues, exchange rates, foreign demand, weather, crises and other world events that may affect our ingredient prices. Increases in ingredient prices could adversely affect our results if we choose for competitive or other reasons not to increase menu prices at the same rate at which ingredient costs increase, or if menu price increases result in customer resistance.

Changing Interest Rates

We are also exposed to interest rate risk through fluctuations of interest rates on our investments. Changes in interest rates affect the interest income we earn, and therefore impact our cash flows and results of operations. As of June 30, 2018, we had $479.4 million in investments and interest-bearing cash accounts, including insurance-related restricted trust accounts classified in other assets, and $126.4 million in accounts with an earnings credit we classify as interest and other income, which combined earned a weighted-average interest rate of 1.46%.

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

A portion of our operations consist of activities outside of the U.S. and we have currency risk on the transactions in other currencies and translation adjustments resulting from the conversion of our international financial results into the U.S. dollar. However, a substantial majority of our operations and investment activities are transacted in the U.S. and therefore our foreign currency risk is not material at this date.

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

As of June 30, 2018, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

There were no changes during the three months ended June 30, 2018, in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting. 

PART II

ITEM 1.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

For information regarding legal proceedings, see Note 12. “Commitments and Contingencies” in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in Item 1. “Financial Statements.” 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS 

Except as set forth below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors since our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Our restructuring activities will increase our expenses, may not be successful, and may adversely impact employee hiring and retention.

On May 23, 2018 we announced that we will open a headquarters office in Newport Beach, California, consolidate certain corporate administrative functions into our existing office in Columbus, Ohio, and close our existing headquarters offices in Denver, Colorado, as well as additional corporate offices in New York, New York. As a result, we expect to incur corporate restructuring costs aggregating approximately $70.0 million to $80.0 million, including total costs of $57.0 million to $66.0 million that we have not yet recognized in our financial statements and which we expect to incur beginning in the third quarter of 2018 and continuing into 2019. These expenses will adversely impact our results

18

 


 

of operations during the relevant periods and will reduce our cash position. Additionally, the amount of these estimated expenses, as well as our ability to achieve the anticipated benefits of our restructuring activities, are subject to assumptions and uncertainties. There is no assurance that we will successfully implement, or fully realize the anticipated benefits of, our restructuring activities or execute successfully on our relocation and restructuring plan, in the timeframes we desire or within our expected range of expenses, or at all. If we fail to realize the anticipated benefits from these measures, or if we incur charges or costs in amounts that are greater than anticipated, our financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected.

In addition, in connection with the announcement that we plan to relocate our headquarters office functions, we have experienced significant attrition in our corporate support workforce and we expect the elevated attrition rate among our corporate support employees to continue. We will also be required to hire and train a significant number of new employees to replace corporate support employees who leave in connection with our restructuring activities. The increased turnover we are experiencing in our support teams could distract our employees, decrease employee morale and make it more difficult to retain and hire new talent, and harm our reputation. The turnover and any resulting distraction could negatively impact the overall performance of our corporate support teams, resulting in inefficiencies, higher short- or long-term costs, or decreased productivity in numerous support or administrative functions, and the costs to hire new talent may be more significant than we currently expect. As a result of these or other similar risks, our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer

The table below reflects shares of common stock we repurchased during the second quarter of 2018.



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased

 

Average Price Paid Per Share

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(1)

 

Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs(2)

April

 

 

43,479 

 

$

332.34 

 

43,479 

 

$

135,792,574 



Purchased 4/1 through 4/30

 

 

 

 

&n