10-K 1 eme-20141231x10k.htm FORM 10-K EME-2014.12.31-10K
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission file number 1-8267
EMCOR Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
11-2125338
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
 
301 Merritt Seven
Norwalk, Connecticut
 
06851-1092
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203) 849-7800
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act. Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x
The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $2,178,000,000 as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based upon the closing sale price on the New York Stock Exchange reported for such date. Shares of common stock held by each officer and director and by each person who owns 5% or more of the outstanding common stock (based solely on filings of such 5% holders) have been excluded from such calculation as such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
Number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of the close of business on February 19, 2015: 62,979,997 shares.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III. Portions of the definitive proxy statement for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which document will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this Form 10-K relates, are incorporated by reference into Items 10 through 14 of Part III of this Form 10-K.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
PAGE
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
Item 15.





























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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain information included in this report, or in other materials we have filed or will file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) (as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made or to be made by us) contains or may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “1995 Act”). Such statements are being made pursuant to the 1995 Act and with the intention of obtaining the benefit of the “Safe Harbor” provisions of the 1995 Act. Forward-looking statements are based on information available to us and our perception of such information as of the date of this report and our current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They contain words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “may,” “can,” “could,” “might,” variations of such wording and other words or phrases of similar meaning in connection with a discussion of our future operating or financial performance, and other aspects of our business, including market share growth, gross profit, project mix, projects with varying profit margins, selling, general and administrative expenses, and trends in our business and other characterizations of future events or circumstances. From time to time, forward-looking statements also are included in our other periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, in press releases, in our presentations, on our web site and in other material released to the public. Any or all of the forward-looking statements included in this report and in any other reports or public statements made by us are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those identified below in the “Risk Factors” section, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section, and other sections of this report, and in our Forms 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2014, June 30, 2014 and September 30, 2014 and in other reports filed by us from time to time with the SEC as well as in press releases, in our presentations, on our web site and in other material released to the public. Such risks, uncertainties and assumptions are difficult to predict, beyond our control and may turn out to be inaccurate causing actual results to differ materially from those that might be anticipated from our forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. However, any further disclosures made on related subjects in our subsequent reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K should be consulted.





























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PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS
References to the “Company,” “EMCOR,” “we,” “us,” “our” and similar words refer to EMCOR Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context indicates otherwise.
General
We are one of the largest electrical and mechanical construction and facilities services firms in the United States. In addition, we provide a number of building services and industrial services. In 2014, we had revenues of approximately $6.4 billion. Our services are provided to a broad range of commercial, industrial, utility and institutional customers through approximately 70 operating subsidiaries and joint venture entities. Our executive offices are located at 301 Merritt Seven, Norwalk, Connecticut 06851-1092, and our telephone number at those offices is (203) 849-7800.
We specialize principally in providing construction services relating to electrical and mechanical systems in all types of non-residential and certain residential facilities and in providing various services relating to the operation, maintenance and management of facilities, including refineries and petrochemical plants.
During the third quarter of 2013, we completed the acquisition of RepconStrickland, Inc. (“RSI”), a leading provider of turnaround and specialty services to the North American refinery and petrochemical markets, and its results are included in our United States industrial services segment.
Due to recurring losses over the last several years in the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment and our negative assessment of construction market conditions in the United Kingdom for the foreseeable future, we announced during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 our decision to withdraw from the construction market in the United Kingdom. During the third quarter of 2014, we ceased construction operations in the United Kingdom. The results of the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment for all periods are presented as discontinued operations. The segment formally named the United Kingdom construction and building services segment has been renamed the United Kingdom building services segment. In addition, the results of operations for all periods presented reflect discontinued operations accounting due to the disposition in August 2011 of our Canadian subsidiary.
We design, integrate, install, start-up, operate and maintain various electrical and mechanical systems, including:
Electric power transmission and distribution systems;
Premises electrical and lighting systems;
Low-voltage systems, such as fire alarm, security and process control systems;
Voice and data communications systems;
Roadway and transit lighting and fiber optic lines;
Heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and clean-room process ventilation systems;
Fire protection systems;
Plumbing, process and high-purity piping systems;
Controls and filtration systems;
Water and wastewater treatment systems;
Central plant heating and cooling systems;
Crane and rigging services;
Millwright services; and
Steel fabrication, erection, and welding services.

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Our building services operations, which are provided to a wide range of facilities, including commercial, utility, institutional and governmental facilities, include:
Commercial and government site-based operations and maintenance;
Facility maintenance and services, including reception, security and catering services;
Outage services to utilities and industrial plants;
Military base operations support services;
Mobile mechanical maintenance and services;
Floor care and janitorial services;
Landscaping, lot sweeping and snow removal;
Facilities management;
Vendor management;
Call center services;
Installation and support for building systems;
Program development, management and maintenance for energy systems;
Technical consulting and diagnostic services;
Infrastructure and building projects for federal, state and local governmental agencies and bodies; and
Small modification and retrofit projects.
Our industrial services are provided to refineries and petrochemical plants and include:
On-site repairs, maintenance and service of heat exchangers, towers, vessels and piping;
Design, manufacturing, repair and hydro blast cleaning of shell and tube heat exchangers and related equipment;
Refinery turnaround planning and engineering services;
Specialty welding services;
Overhaul and maintenance of critical process units in refineries and petrochemical plants; and
Specialty technical services for refineries and petrochemical plants.
We provide construction services and building services directly to corporations, municipalities and federal and state governmental entities, owners/developers, and tenants of buildings. We also provide our construction services indirectly by acting as a subcontractor to general contractors, systems suppliers, property managers and other subcontractors. Our industrial services generally are provided directly to refineries and petrochemical plants. Worldwide, as of December 31, 2014, we had approximately 27,000 employees.
Our revenues are derived from many different customers in numerous industries, which have operations in several different geographical areas. Of our 2014 revenues, approximately 95% were generated in the United States and approximately 5% were generated in foreign countries, substantially all in the United Kingdom. In 2014, approximately 33% of revenues were derived from new construction projects, 19% were derived from renovation and retrofit of customer’s existing facilities, 35% were derived from our building services operations, and 13% were derived from our industrial services operations.
The broad scope of our operations is more particularly described below. For information regarding the revenues, operating income and total assets of each of our segments with respect to each of the last three years, and our revenues and assets attributable to the United States and the United Kingdom for the last three years, see Note 17 - Segment Information of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

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Operations
The electrical and mechanical construction services industry has grown over the years due principally to the increased content, complexity and sophistication of electrical and mechanical systems, as well as the installation of more technologically advanced voice and data communications, lighting, and environmental control systems in all types of facilities in large part due to the integration of digital processing and information technology. For these reasons, buildings need extensive electrical distribution systems. In addition, advanced voice and data communication systems require sophisticated power supplies and extensive low-voltage and fiber-optic communications cabling. Moreover, the need for substantial environmental controls within a building, due to the heightened need for climate control to maintain extensive computer systems at optimal temperatures, and the demand for energy savings and environmental controls in individual spaces have over the years expanded opportunities for our electrical and mechanical services businesses. The demand for these services is typically driven by non-residential construction and renovation activity.
Electrical and mechanical construction services primarily involve the design, integration, installation and start-up, and provision of services relating to: (a) electric power transmission and distribution systems, including power cables, conduits, distribution panels, transformers, generators, uninterruptible power supply systems and related switch gear and controls; (b) premises electrical and lighting systems, including fixtures and controls; (c) low-voltage systems, such as fire alarm, security and process control systems; (d) voice and data communications systems, including fiber-optic and low-voltage cabling; (e) roadway and transit lighting and fiber-optic lines; (f) heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and clean-room process ventilation systems; (g) fire protection systems; (h) plumbing, process and high-purity piping systems; (i) controls and filtration systems; (j) water and wastewater treatment systems; (k) central plant heating and cooling systems; (l) cranes and rigging; (m) millwrighting; and (n) steel fabrication, erection and welding.
Electrical and mechanical construction services generally fall into one of two categories: (a) large installation projects with contracts often in the multi-million dollar range that involve construction of manufacturing and commercial buildings and institutional and public works projects or the fit-out of large blocks of space within commercial buildings and (b) smaller installation projects typically involving fit-out, renovation and retrofit work.
Our United States electrical and mechanical construction services operations accounted for about 50% of our 2014 revenues, approximately 64% of which were related to new construction and approximately 36% of which were related to renovation and retrofit projects. Due to recurring losses over the last several years in the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment and our negative assessment of construction market conditions in the United Kingdom for the foreseeable future, we announced during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 our decision to withdraw from the construction market in the United Kingdom. During the third quarter of 2014, we ceased construction operations in the United Kingdom. The results of the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment for all periods are presented as discontinued operations. We plan to focus in the United Kingdom solely on building services.
We provide electrical and mechanical construction services for both large and small installation and renovation projects. Our largest projects have included those: (a) for institutional purposes (such as educational and correctional facilities and research laboratories); (b) for manufacturing purposes (such as pharmaceutical plants, steel, pulp and paper mills, chemical, food, automotive and semiconductor manufacturing facilities and power generation); (c) for transportation purposes (such as highways, airports and transit systems); (d) for commercial purposes (such as office buildings, data centers, convention centers, sports stadiums and shopping malls); (e) for hospitality purposes (such as resorts, hotels and casinos); (f) for water and wastewater purposes; and (g) for healthcare purposes. Our largest projects, which typically range in size from $10.0 million up to and occasionally exceeding $150.0 million and are frequently multi-year projects, represented approximately 27% of our worldwide construction services revenues in 2014.
Our projects of less than $10.0 million accounted for approximately 73% of our worldwide construction services revenues in 2014. These projects are typically completed in less than one year. They usually involve electrical and mechanical construction services when an end-user or owner undertakes construction or modification of a facility to accommodate a specific use. These projects frequently require electrical and mechanical systems to meet special needs such as critical systems power supply, fire protection systems, special environmental controls and high-purity air systems, sophisticated electrical and mechanical systems for data centers, new production lines in manufacturing plants, and office arrangements in existing office buildings. They are not usually dependent upon the new construction market. Demand for these projects and types of services is often prompted by the expiration of leases, changes in technology, or changes in the customer’s plant or office layout in the normal course of a customer’s business.
We have a broad customer base with many long-standing relationships. We perform construction services pursuant to contracts with owners, such as corporations, municipalities and other governmental entities, general contractors, systems suppliers, construction managers, developers, other subcontractors and tenants of commercial properties. Institutional and public works

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projects are frequently long-term complex projects that require significant technical and management skills and the financial strength to obtain bid and performance bonds, which are often a condition to bidding for and winning these projects.
We also install and maintain lighting for streets, highways, bridges and tunnels, traffic signals, computerized traffic control systems, and signal and communication systems for mass transit systems in several metropolitan areas. In addition, in the United States, we manufacture and install sheet metal air handling systems for both our own mechanical construction operations and for unrelated mechanical contractors. We also maintain welding and pipe fabrication shops in support of some of our mechanical operations.
Our United States building services segment offers a broad range of services, including operation, maintenance and service of electrical and mechanical systems; commercial and government site-based operations and maintenance; facility maintenance and services, including outage services to utilities and manufacturing facilities; military base operations support services; mobile mechanical maintenance and services; floor care and janitorial services; landscaping, lot sweeping and snow removal; facilities management; vendor management; call center services; installation and support for building systems; program development, management and maintenance with respect to energy systems; technical consulting and diagnostic services; infrastructure and building projects for federal, state and local governmental agencies and bodies; and small modification and retrofit projects.
These building services, which generated approximately 35% of our 2014 revenues, are provided to owners, operators, tenants and managers of all types of facilities both on a contract basis for a specified period of time and on an individual task order basis. Of our 2014 building services revenues, approximately 88% were generated in the United States and approximately 12% were generated in the United Kingdom.
Our building services operations have built upon our traditional electrical and mechanical services operations, facilities services activities of our electrical and mechanical contracting subsidiaries, and our client relationships, as well as acquisitions, to expand the scope of services being offered and to develop packages of services for customers on a regional and national basis.
Demand for our building services is often driven by customers’ decisions to focus on their core competencies, customers’ programs to reduce costs, the increasing technical complexity of their facilities and their mechanical, electrical, voice and data and other systems, and the need for increased reliability, especially in electrical and mechanical systems. These trends have led to outsourcing and privatization programs whereby customers in both the private and public sectors seek to contract out those activities that support, but are not directly associated with, the customer’s core business. Clients of our building services business include federal and state governments, utilities, independent power producers, pulp and paper producers, and major corporations engaged in information technology, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, financial services, publishing and other manufacturing, and large retailers and other businesses with multiple locations throughout the United States.
We currently provide building services in a majority of the states in the United States to commercial, industrial, institutional and governmental customers and as part of our operations are responsible for: (a) the oversight of all or most of the facilities operations of a business, including operation and maintenance; (b) servicing, upgrade and retrofit of HVAC, electrical, plumbing and industrial piping and sheet metal systems in existing facilities; (c) interior and exterior services, including floor care and janitorial services, landscaping, lot sweeping and snow removal; (d) diagnostic and solution engineering for building systems and their components; and (e) maintenance and support services to manufacturers and power producers.
In the Washington D.C. metropolitan area, we provide building services at a number of preeminent buildings, including those that house the Secret Service, The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Foreign Affairs Training Center, and the Department of Health and Human Services, as well as other government facilities including the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. We also provide building services to a number of military bases, including base operations support services to the Navy National Capital Region and the Army’s Fort Huachuca, Arizona, and are also involved in a joint venture providing building services to the Naval Support Activity Mid-South Base in Tennessee. The agreements pursuant to which this division provides services to the federal government are frequently for a term of five years, are subject to renegotiation of terms and prices by the government, and are subject to termination by the government prior to the expiration of the term.
Our United Kingdom subsidiary primarily focuses on building services and currently provides a broad range of services under multi-year agreements to public and private sector customers, including airlines, airports, real estate property managers, manufacturers and governmental agencies.
Our industrial services business is a recognized leader in the refinery turnaround market and has a growing presence in the petrochemical market. In July 2013, we acquired RepconStrickland, Inc. expanding services we provide to our refinery and petrochemical customers and significantly increasing the size of our industrial services business. Our industrial services business: (a) provides after-market maintenance, repair and cleaning services for highly engineered shell and tube heat exchangers for refineries and petrochemical plants both in the field and at our own shops, including tube and shell repairs, bundle repairs, and extraction services, and (b) designs and manufactures new highly engineered shell and tube heat exchangers. We also perform a

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broad range of turnaround and maintenance services for critical units of refineries so as to upgrade, repair and maintain them. Such services include turnaround and maintenance services relating to: (i) engineering and planning services in advance of complex refinery turnarounds, (ii) overhaul and maintenance of critical process units (including hydrofluoric alkylation units, fluid catalytic cracking units, coking units, heaters, heat exchangers and related mechanical equipment) during refinery and petrochemical plant shut downs, (iii) general revamps and capital projects for refineries and petrochemical plants, and (iv) other related specialty technical services such as (a) welding, including pipe welding, and fabrication; heater, boiler, and reformer repairs and revamps; converter repair and revamps; and vessel, exchanger and tower services; (b) tower and column repairs and revamps in refineries; (c) installation and repair of refractory materials for critical units in process plants so as to protect equipment from corrosion, erosion, and extreme temperatures; and (d) acid-proofing services to protect critical components at refineries from chemical exposure.
Competition
In our construction services, building services and industrial services businesses, we compete with national, regional and local companies, many of which are small, owner-operated entities that carry on their businesses in a limited geographic area, as well as with certain foreign companies.
We believe that the electrical and mechanical construction services businesses are highly fragmented and our competition includes thousands of small companies across the United States. In the United States, there are a few public companies focused on providing either electrical and/or mechanical construction services, such as Integrated Electrical Services, Inc., Comfort Systems USA, Inc. and Tutor Perini Corporation. A majority of our revenues are derived from projects requiring competitive bids; however, an invitation to bid is often conditioned upon prior experience, technical capability and financial strength. Because we have total assets, annual revenues, access to bank credit and surety bonding and expertise significantly greater than most of our competitors, we believe we have a significant competitive advantage over our competitors in providing electrical and mechanical construction services. Competitive factors in the electrical and mechanical construction services business include: (a) the availability of qualified and/or licensed personnel; (b) reputation for integrity and quality; (c) safety record; (d) cost structure; (e) relationships with customers; (f) geographic diversity; (g) the ability to control project costs; (h) experience in specialized markets; (i) the ability to obtain surety bonding; (j) adequate working capital; (k) access to bank credit; and (l) price. However, there are relatively few significant barriers to entry to several types of our construction services business.
While the building services business is also highly fragmented with most competitors operating in a specific geographic region, a number of large United States based corporations such as AECOM Technology Corporation, Johnson Controls, Inc., Fluor Corp., J&J Worldwide Services, DTZ, CB Richard Ellis, Inc., Jones Lang LaSalle and ABM Facility Services are engaged in this field, as are large original equipment manufacturers such as Carrier Corp. and Trane Air Conditioning. In addition, we compete with several regional firms serving all or portions of the markets we target, such as Brickman Valley Crest, Inc., Kellermeyer Bergensons Services, Inc., SMS Assist, LLC and Ferandino & Sons, Inc. Our principal services competitors in the United Kingdom include ISS UK Ltd. and MITIE Group plc. The key competitive factors in the building services business include price, service, quality, technical expertise, geographic scope and the availability of qualified personnel and managers. Due to our size, both financial and geographic, and our technical capability and management experience, we believe we are in a strong competitive position in the building services business. However, there are relatively few barriers to entry to most of our building services businesses.
In our industrial services business, we are the leading North American provider of after-market maintenance and repair services for, and manufacturing of, highly engineered shell and tube heat exchangers and related equipment and a leader in providing specialized services to refineries and petrochemical plants. The market for providing these services and products to refineries and petrochemical plants is highly fragmented and includes large national industrial services providers, as well as numerous regional companies, including JV Industrial Companies Ltd., Matrix Service Company, Starcon, Turner Industries, Team, Inc., Cust-O-Fab, Dunn Heat, and Wyatt Field Service Company. In the manufacture of heat exchangers, we compete with both U.S. and foreign manufacturers. The key competitive factors in the industrial services market include service, quality, ability to respond quickly, technical expertise, price, safety record and availability of qualified personnel. Due to our technical capabilities, safety record and skilled workforce, we believe that we are in a strong competitive position in the industrial services market we serve. Because of the complex tasks associated with turnarounds and precision required in the manufacture of heat exchangers, we believe that the barriers to entry in this business are significant.
Employees
At December 31, 2014, we employed approximately 27,000 people, approximately 55% of whom are represented by various unions pursuant to more than 375 collective bargaining agreements between our individual subsidiaries and local unions. We believe that our employee relations are generally good. Only two of these collective bargaining agreements are national or regional in scope.

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Backlog
Our backlog at December 31, 2014 was $3.63 billion compared to $3.34 billion of backlog at December 31, 2013. Backlog increases with awards of new contracts and decreases as we perform work on existing contracts. Backlog is not a term recognized under United States generally accepted accounting principles; however, it is a common measurement used in our industry. We include a project within our backlog at such time as a contract is awarded. Backlog includes unrecognized revenues to be realized from uncompleted construction contracts plus unrecognized revenues expected to be realized over the remaining term of services contracts. However, we do not include in backlog contracts for which we are paid on a time and material basis and a fixed amount cannot be determined, and if the remaining term of a services contract exceeds 12 months, the unrecognized revenues attributable to such contract included in backlog are limited to only the next 12 months of revenues provided for in the contract award. Our backlog also includes amounts related to services contracts for which a fixed price contract value is not assigned when a reasonable estimate of total revenues can be made from budgeted amounts agreed to with our customer. Our backlog is comprised of: (a) original contract amounts, (b) change orders for which we have received written confirmations from our customers, (c) pending change orders for which we expect to receive confirmations in the ordinary course of business and (d) claim amounts that we have made against customers for which we have determined we have a legal basis under existing contractual arrangements and as to which we consider recovery to be probable. Such claim amounts were immaterial for all periods presented. Our backlog does not include anticipated revenues from unconsolidated joint ventures or variable interest entities and anticipated revenues from pass-through costs on contracts for which we are acting in the capacity of an agent and which are reported on the net basis. We believe our backlog is firm, although many contracts are subject to cancellation at the election of our customers. Historically, cancellations have not had a material adverse effect on us. We estimate that 82% of our backlog as of December 31, 2014 will be recognized as revenues during 2015.
Available Information
We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which we refer to as the “SEC”. These filings are available to the public over the internet at the SEC’s web site at http://www.sec.gov. You may also read and copy any document we file at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the Public Reference Room.
Our Internet address is www.emcorgroup.com. We make available free of charge through www.emcorgroup.com our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC.
Our Board of Directors has an audit committee, a compensation and personnel committee, a nominating and corporate governance committee, and a risk oversight committee. Each of these committees has a formal charter. We also have Corporate Governance Guidelines, which include guidelines regarding related party transactions, a Code of Ethics for our Chief Executive Officer and Senior Financial Officers, and a Code of Ethics and Business Conduct for Directors, Officers and Employees. Copies of these charters, guidelines and codes, and any waivers or amendments to such codes which are applicable to our executive officers, senior financial officers or directors, can be obtained free of charge from our web site, www.emcorgroup.com.
You may request a copy of the foregoing filings (excluding exhibits), charters, guidelines and codes and any waivers or amendments to such codes which are applicable to our executive officers, senior financial officers or directors, at no cost by writing to us at EMCOR Group, Inc., 301 Merritt Seven, Norwalk, CT 06851-1092, Attention: Corporate Secretary, or by telephoning us at (203) 849-7800.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Our business is subject to a variety of risks, including the risks described below as well as adverse business and market conditions and risks associated with foreign operations. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not known to us or not described below which we have not determined to be material may also impair our business operations. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with all other information in this report, including information contained in the “Business,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” sections. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows could be adversely affected, and we may not be able to achieve our goals. Such events may cause actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results, and the trading price of our common stock could decline.
Economic downturns have led to reductions in demand for our services. Negative conditions in the credit markets may adversely impact our ability to operate our business. The level of demand from our clients for our services has been, in the past, adversely impacted by slowdowns in the industries we service, as well as in the economy in general. When the general level of economic

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activity has been reduced from historical levels, certain of our ultimate customers have delayed or cancelled projects or capital spending, especially with respect to more profitable private sector work, and such slowdowns adversely affect our ability to grow, reducing our revenues and profitability. A number of economic factors, including financing conditions for the industries we serve, have, in the past, adversely affected our ultimate customers and their ability or willingness to fund expenditures. General concerns about the fundamental soundness of domestic and foreign economies may cause ultimate customers to defer projects even if they have credit available to them. Worsening of financial and macroeconomic conditions could have a significant adverse effect on our revenues and profitability.
Many of our clients depend on the availability of credit to help finance their capital and maintenance projects. At times, tightened availability of credit has negatively impacted the ability of existing and prospective ultimate customers to fund projects we might otherwise perform, particularly those in the more profitable private sector. As a result, our ultimate customers may defer such projects for an unknown, and perhaps lengthy, period. Any such deferrals would inhibit our growth and would adversely affect our results of operations.
In a weak economic environment, particularly in a period of restrictive credit markets, we may experience greater difficulties in collecting payments from, and negotiating change orders and/or claims with, our clients due to, among other reasons, a diminution in our ultimate customers’ access to the credit markets. If clients delay in paying or fail to pay a significant amount of our outstanding receivables, or we fail to successfully negotiate a significant portion of our change orders and/or claims with clients, it could have an adverse effect on our liquidity, results of operations and financial position.
Our business has traditionally lagged recoveries in the general economy and, therefore, may not recover as quickly as the economy at large.
Our business is vulnerable to the cyclical nature of the markets in which our clients operate and is dependent upon the timing and funding of new awards. We provide construction and maintenance services to ultimate customers operating in a number of markets which have been, and we expect will continue to be, cyclical and subject to significant fluctuations due to a variety of factors beyond our control, including economic conditions and changes in client spending.
Regardless of economic or market conditions, investment decisions by our ultimate customers may vary by location or as a result of other factors like the availability of labor, relative construction costs or competitive conditions in their industries. Because we are dependent on the timing and funding of new awards, we are therefore vulnerable to changes in our clients’ markets and investment decisions.
Our business may be adversely affected by significant delays and reductions in government appropriations. Federal legislation adopted in 2013 aimed at curtailing spending by federal agencies and departments and reducing the federal budget deficit has resulted in federal governmental agencies or departments deferring or canceling projects that we might otherwise have sought to perform. We expect that budgetary constraints and ongoing concerns regarding the U.S. national debt will continue to place downward pressure on spending levels of the U.S. government. In addition, significant budget deficits faced by state and local governments as a result of declining tax and other revenues may result in curtailment of future spending on their government infrastructure projects and/or expenditures. Some of our businesses derive a significant portion of their revenues from federal, state and local governmental bodies.
An increase in the prices of certain materials used in our businesses could adversely affect our businesses. We are exposed to market risk of increases in certain commodity prices of materials, such as copper and steel, which are used as components of supplies or materials utilized in all of our operations. We are also exposed to increases in energy prices, particularly as they relate to gasoline prices for our fleet of over 8,500 vehicles. While we believe we can increase our prices to adjust for some price increases in commodities, there can be no assurance that price increases of commodities, if they were to occur, would be recoverable. Additionally, our fixed price contracts do not allow us to adjust our prices and, as a result, increases in material or fuel costs could reduce our profitability with respect to such projects. Fluctuations in energy prices as well as in commodity prices of materials may adversely affect our customers and as a result cause them to curtail the use of our services. In particular, recent declines in the price of oil may adversely affect some of our refinery customers causing them to defer maintenance projects performed by companies in our United States industrial services segment or delay purchases or repairs of heat exchangers that are manufactured and repaired by some of those companies.
Our industry is highly competitive. Our industry is served by numerous small, owner-operated private companies, a few public companies and several large regional companies. In addition, relatively few barriers prevent entry into most of our businesses. As a result, any organization that has adequate financial resources and access to technical expertise may become one of our competitors. Competition in our industry depends on numerous factors, including price. Certain of our competitors have lower overhead cost structures and, therefore, are able to provide their services at lower rates than we are currently able to provide. In addition, some of our competitors have greater resources than we do. We cannot be certain that our competitors will not develop the expertise, experience and resources necessary to provide services that are superior in quality and lower in price to ours. Similarly, we cannot

7


be certain that we will be able to maintain or enhance our competitive position within our industries or maintain a customer base at current levels. We may also face competition from the in-house service organizations of existing or prospective customers, particularly with respect to building services. Many of our customers employ personnel who perform some of the same types of building services that we do. We cannot be certain that our existing or prospective customers will continue to outsource building services in the future.
We are a decentralized company, which presents certain risks. While we believe decentralization has enhanced our growth and enabled us to remain responsive to opportunities and to our customers’ needs, it necessarily places significant control and decision-making powers in the hands of local management. This presents various risks, including the risk that we may be slower or less able to identify or react to problems affecting a key business than we would in a more centralized environment.
Our business may also be affected by weather conditions. Adverse weather conditions, particularly during the winter season, could impact our construction services operations as those conditions affect our ability to perform efficient work outdoors in certain regions of the United States, adversely affecting the revenues and profitability of those operations. However, the absence of snow in the United States during the winter could cause us to experience reduced revenues and profitability in our United States building services segment, which has meaningful snow removal operations. In addition, cooler than normal temperatures during the summer months could reduce the need for our services, particularly in our businesses that install or service air conditioning units, and result in reduced revenues and profitability during the period such unseasonal weather conditions persist.
Our business may be affected by the work environment. We perform our work under a variety of conditions, including but not limited to, difficult terrain, difficult site conditions and busy urban centers where delivery of materials and availability of labor may be impacted, clean-room environments where strict procedures must be followed, and sites which may have been exposed to harsh and hazardous conditions, especially at chemical plants, refineries and other process facilities. Performing work under these conditions can negatively affect efficiency and, therefore, our profitability.
Our dependence upon fixed price contracts could adversely affect our business. We currently generate, and expect to continue to generate, a significant portion of our revenues from fixed price contracts. We must estimate the total costs of a particular project to bid for fixed price contracts. The actual cost of labor and materials, however, may vary from the costs we originally estimated. These variations, along with other risks, inherent in performing fixed price contracts, may cause actual gross profits from projects to differ from those we originally estimated and could result in reduced profitability or losses on projects. Depending upon the size of a particular project, variations from the estimated contract costs can have a significant impact on our operating results for any fiscal quarter or year.
We could incur additional costs to cover certain guarantees. In some instances, we guarantee completion of a project by a specific date or price, cost savings, achievement of certain performance standards or performance of our services at a certain standard of quality. If we subsequently fail to meet such guarantees, we may be held responsible for costs resulting from such failures. Such a failure could result in our payment of liquidated or other damages. To the extent that any of these events occur, the total costs of a project could exceed the original estimated costs, and we would experience reduced profits or, in some cases, a loss.
Many of our contracts, especially our building services contracts for governmental and non-governmental entities, may be canceled on short notice, and we may be unsuccessful in replacing such contracts if they are canceled or as they are completed or expire. We could experience a decrease in revenues, net income and liquidity if any of the following occur:
customers cancel a significant number of contracts;
we fail to win a significant number of our existing contracts upon re-bid;
we complete a significant number of non-recurring projects and cannot replace them with similar projects; or
we fail to reduce operating and overhead expenses consistent with any decrease in our revenues.
We may be unsuccessful in generating internal growth. Our ability to generate internal growth will be affected by, among other factors, our ability to:
expand the range of services offered to customers to address their evolving needs;
attract new customers; and
increase the number of projects performed for existing customers.
In addition, existing and potential customers in the past have reduced, and may continue to reduce, the number or size of projects available to us because of general economic conditions or due to their inability to obtain capital or pay for services we provide.

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Many of the factors affecting our ability to generate internal growth are beyond our control, and we cannot be certain that our strategies will be successful or that we will be able to generate cash flow sufficient to fund our operations and to support internal growth. If we are not successful, we may not be able to achieve internal growth, expand operations or grow our business.
The departure of key personnel could disrupt our business. We depend on the continued efforts of our senior management. The loss of key personnel, or the inability to hire and retain qualified executives, could negatively impact our ability to manage our business.
We may be unable to attract and retain skilled employees. Our ability to grow and maintain productivity and profitability will be limited by our ability to employ, train and retain skilled personnel necessary to meet our requirements. We are dependent upon our project managers and field supervisors who are responsible for managing our projects; and there can be no assurance that any individual will continue in his or her capacity for any particular period of time, and the loss of such qualified employees could have an adverse effect on our business. We cannot be certain that we will be able to maintain an adequate skilled labor force necessary to operate efficiently and to support our business strategy or that labor expenses will not increase as a result of a shortage in the supply of these skilled personnel. Labor shortages or increased labor costs could impair our ability to maintain our business or grow our revenues.
Our unionized workforce could adversely affect our operations, and we participate in many multiemployer union pension plans which could result in substantial liabilities being incurred. As of December 31, 2014, approximately 55% of our employees were covered by collective bargaining agreements. Although the majority of these agreements prohibit strikes and work stoppages, we cannot be certain that strikes or work stoppages will not occur in the future. However, only two of our collective bargaining agreements are national or regional in scope, and not all of our collective bargaining agreements expire at the same time. Strikes or work stoppages would adversely impact our relationships with our customers and could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. We contribute to over 200 multiemployer union pension plans based upon wages paid to our union employees that could result in our being responsible for a portion of the unfunded liabilities under such plans. Our potential liability for unfunded liabilities could be material. Under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, we may become liable for our proportionate share of a multiemployer pension plan’s underfunding, if we cease to contribute to that pension plan or significantly reduce the employees in respect of which we make contributions to that pension plan. See Note 14 - Retirement Plans of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional information regarding multiemployer plans.
Fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates impact our financial results. We have foreign operations in the United Kingdom, which in 2014 accounted for 5% of our revenues. Our reported financial position and results of operations are exposed to the effects (both positive and negative) that fluctuating exchange rates have on the process of translating the financial statements of our United Kingdom operations, which are denominated in local currencies, into the U.S. dollar.
Our failure to comply with environmental laws could result in significant liabilities. Our operations are subject to various laws, including environmental laws and regulations, among which many deal with the handling and disposal of asbestos and other hazardous or universal waste products, PCBs and fuel storage. A violation of such laws and regulations may expose us to various claims, including claims by third parties, as well as remediation costs and fines. We own and lease many facilities. Some of these facilities contain fuel storage tanks, which may be above or below ground. If these tanks were to leak, we could be responsible for the cost of remediation as well as potential fines. As a part of our business, we also install fuel storage tanks and are sometimes required to deal with hazardous materials, all of which may expose us to environmental liability.
In addition, new laws and regulations, stricter enforcement of existing laws and regulations, the discovery of previously unknown contamination or leaks, or the imposition of new clean-up requirements could require us to incur significant costs or become the basis for new or increased liabilities that could harm our financial position and results of operations, although certain of these costs might be covered by insurance. In some instances, we have obtained indemnification or covenants from third parties (including predecessors or lessors) for such clean-up and other obligations and liabilities, and we believe such indemnities and covenants are adequate to cover such obligations and liabilities. However, such third-party indemnities or covenants may not cover all of such costs or third-party indemnitors may default on their obligations. In addition, unanticipated obligations or liabilities, or future obligations and liabilities, may have a material adverse effect on our business operations. Further, we cannot be certain that we will be able to identify, or be indemnified for, all potential environmental liabilities relating to any acquired business.
Adverse resolution of litigation and other legal proceedings may harm our operating results or financial position. We are a party to lawsuits and other legal proceedings, most of which occur in the normal course of our business. Litigation and other legal proceedings can be expensive, lengthy and disruptive to normal business operations. An unfavorable resolution of a particular legal proceeding could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial position and cash flows, and in some cases, on our reputation or our ability to obtain projects from customers, including governmental entities. See Item 3. Legal Proceedings and Note 15 - Commitments and Contingencies of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, for more information regarding legal proceedings in which we are involved.

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Opportunities within the government sector could lead to increased governmental regulation applicable to us. As a government contractor we are subject to a number of procurement rules and other regulations, any deemed violation of which could lead to fines or penalties or a loss of business. Government agencies routinely audit and investigate government contractors. Government agencies may review a contractor’s performance under its contracts, cost structure and compliance with applicable laws, regulations and standards. If government agencies determine through these audits or reviews that costs are improperly allocated to specific contracts, they will not reimburse the contractor for those costs or may require the contractor to refund previously reimbursed costs. If government agencies determine that we are engaged in improper activity, we may be subject to civil and criminal penalties and debarment or suspension from doing business with the government. Government contracts are also subject to renegotiation of terms by the government, termination by the government prior to the expiration of the term and non-renewal by the government.
A material portion of our business depends on our ability to provide surety bonds. We may be unable to compete for or work on certain projects if we are not able to obtain the necessary surety bonds. Our construction contracts frequently require that we obtain from surety companies and provide to our customers payment and performance bonds as a condition to the award of such contracts. Such surety bonds secure our payment and performance obligations. Under standard terms in the surety market, surety companies issue bonds on a project-by-project basis and can decline to issue bonds at any time or require the posting of collateral as a condition to issuing any bonds. Current or future market conditions, as well as changes in our sureties’ assessment of our or their own operating and financial risk, could cause our surety companies to decline to issue, or substantially reduce the amount of, bonds for our work or to increase our bonding costs. These actions can be taken on short notice. If our surety companies were to limit or eliminate our access to bonding, our alternatives would include seeking bonding capacity from other surety companies, increasing business with clients that do not require bonds and posting other forms of collateral for project performance, such as letters of credit, parent company guarantees or cash. We may be unable to secure these alternatives in a timely manner, on acceptable terms, or at all. Accordingly, if we were to experience an interruption or reduction in the availability of bonding, we may be unable to compete for or work on certain projects. Increases in the costs of surety bonds also could adversely impact our profitability.
We are effectively self-insured against many potential liabilities. Although we maintain insurance policies with respect to a broad range of risks, including automobile liability, general liability, workers’ compensation and employee group health, these policies do not cover all possible claims and certain of the policies are subject to large deductibles. Accordingly, we are effectively self-insured for a substantial number of actual and potential claims. In addition, if any of our insurance carriers defaulted on its obligations to provide insurance coverage by reason of its insolvency or for other reasons, our exposure to claims would increase and our profits would be adversely affected. Our estimates for unpaid claims and expenses are based on known facts, historical trends and industry averages, utilizing the assistance of an actuary. We reflect these liabilities in our balance sheet as “Other accrued expenses and liabilities” and “Other long-term obligations.” The determination of such estimated liabilities and their appropriateness are reviewed and updated at least quarterly. However, these liabilities are difficult to assess and estimate due to many relevant factors, the effects of which are often unknown, including the severity of an injury or damage, the determination of liability in proportion to other parties, the timeliness of reported claims, the effectiveness of our risk management and safety programs and the terms and conditions of our insurance policies. Our accruals are based upon known facts, historical trends and our reasonable estimate of future expenses, and we believe such accruals are adequate. However, unknown or changing trends, risks or circumstances, such as increases in claims, a weakening economy, increases in medical costs, changes in case law or legislation or changes in the nature of the work we perform, could render our current estimates and accruals inadequate. In such case, adjustments to our balance sheet may be required and these increased liabilities would be recorded in the period that the experience becomes known. Insurance carriers may be unwilling, in the future, to provide our current levels of coverage without a significant increase in insurance premiums and/or collateral requirements to cover our obligations to them. Increased collateral requirements may be in the form of additional letters of credit and/or cash, and an increase in collateral requirements could significantly reduce our liquidity. If insurance premiums increase, and/or if insurance claims are higher than our estimates, our profitability could be adversely affected.
Health care reform could adversely affect our operating results. In 2010, the United States government enacted comprehensive health care reform legislation. Due to the breadth and complexity of this legislation, as well as its phased-in nature of implementation, it is difficult for us to predict the overall effects it will have on our business over the coming years. To date, we have not experienced material costs related to the health care reform legislation; however, it is possible that our operating results and/or cash flows could be adversely affected in the future by increased costs, expanded liability exposure and requirements that change the ways we provide healthcare and other benefits to our employees.
We may incur liabilities or suffer negative financial impact relating to occupational, health and safety matters. Our operations are subject to extensive laws and regulations relating to the maintenance of safe conditions in the workplace. While we have invested, and will continue to invest, substantial resources in our robust occupational, health and safety programs, many of our businesses involve a high degree of operational risk, and there can be no assurance that we will avoid significant exposure. These hazards can cause personal injury and loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment and other consequential damages and could lead to suspension of operations, large damage claims and, in extreme cases, criminal liability.

10


Our customers seek to minimize safety risks on their sites and they frequently review the safety records of contractors during the bidding process. If our safety record were to substantially deteriorate over time, we might become ineligible to bid on certain work and our customers could cancel our contracts and/or not award us future business.
Acquisitions could adversely affect our business and results of operations. As part of our growth strategy, we acquire companies that expand, complement and/or diversify our businesses. Realization of the anticipated benefits of an acquisition will depend, among other things, upon our ability to: (a) effectively conduct due diligence on companies we propose to acquire to identify problems at these companies or (b) recognize incompatibilities or other obstacles to successful integration of the acquired business with our other operations and gain greater efficiencies and scale that will translate into reduced costs in a timely manner. However, there can be no assurance that an acquisition we may make in the future will provide the benefits anticipated when entering into the transaction. Acquisitions we have made and future acquisitions may expose us to operational challenges and risks, including the diversion of management’s attention from our existing businesses, the failure to retain key personnel or customers of the acquired business and the assumption of unknown liabilities of the acquired business for which there are inadequate reserves. Our ability to sustain our growth and maintain our competitive position may be affected by our ability to identify and acquire desirable businesses and successfully integrate any business acquired.
Our results of operations could be adversely affected as a result of goodwill and other identifiable intangible asset impairments. When we acquire a business, we record an asset called “goodwill” equal to the excess amount paid for the business, including liabilities assumed, over the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets of the business acquired. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) requires that all business combinations be accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting and that certain identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination be recognized as assets apart from goodwill. FASB Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other” (“ASC 350”) provides that goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives not be amortized, but instead must be tested at least annually for impairment, and identifiable intangible assets that have finite useful lives should continue to be amortized over their useful lives and be tested for impairment whenever facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be fully recoverable. ASC 350 also provides specific guidance for testing goodwill and other non-amortized identifiable intangible assets for impairment, which we test annually each October 1. ASC 350 requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions to allocate goodwill to reporting units and to determine the fair value of reporting unit net assets and liabilities. Such fair value is determined using discounted estimated future cash flows. Our development of the present value of future cash flow projections is based upon assumptions and estimates by management from a review of our operating results, business plans, anticipated growth rates and margins and the weighted average cost of capital, among others. Much of the information used in assessing fair value is outside the control of management, such as interest rates, and these assumptions and estimates can change in future periods. There can be no assurance that our estimates and assumptions made for purposes of our goodwill and identifiable intangible asset impairment testing will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. If our assumptions regarding business plans or anticipated growth rates and/or margins are not achieved, or there is a rise in interest rates, we may be required to record goodwill and/or identifiable intangible asset impairment charges in future periods, whether in connection with our next annual impairment testing on October 1, 2015 or earlier, if an indicator of an impairment is present prior to the quarter in which the annual goodwill impairment test is to be performed. It is not possible at this time to determine if any such additional impairment charge would result or, if it does, whether such a charge would be material to our results of operations.
The annual impairment review of our indefinite lived intangible assets for the year ended December 31, 2014 resulted in a $1.5 million non-cash impairment charge as a result of a change in the fair value of subsidiary trade names associated with certain prior acquisitions reported within our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment and our United States building services segment. We did not record an impairment of our goodwill for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Amounts included in our backlog may not result in actual revenues or translate into profits. Many contracts are subject to cancellation or suspension on short notice at the discretion of the client, and the contracts in our backlog are subject to changes in the scope of services to be provided as well as adjustments to the costs relating to the contract. We have historically experienced variances in the components of backlog related to project delays or cancellations resulting from weather conditions, external market factors and economic factors beyond our control, and we may experience more delays or cancellations in the future. The risk of contracts in backlog being cancelled or suspended generally increases during periods of widespread slowdowns. Accordingly, there is no assurance that backlog will actually be realized. If our backlog fails to materialize, we could experience a reduction in revenues and a decline in profitability, which could result in a deterioration of our financial position and liquidity.
We account for the majority of our construction projects using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting; therefore, variations of actual results from our assumptions may reduce our profitability. We recognize revenues on construction contracts using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting in accordance with ASC Topic 605-35, “Revenue Recognition-Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”. See Application of Critical Accounting Policies in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting, we record revenue as work on the contract progresses. The cumulative amount of revenues recorded on a contract at

11


a specified point in time is that percentage of total estimated revenues that costs incurred to date bear to estimated total costs. Accordingly, contract revenues and total cost estimates are reviewed and revised as the work progresses. Adjustments are reflected in contract revenues in the period when such estimates are revised. Estimates are based on management’s reasonable assumptions and experience, but are only estimates. Variations of actual results from assumptions on an unusually large project or on a number of average size projects could be material. We are also required to immediately recognize the full amount of the estimated loss on a contract when estimates indicate such a loss. Such adjustments and accrued losses could result in reduced profitability, which could negatively impact our cash flow from operations.
The loss of one or a few customers could have an adverse effect on us. A few clients have in the past and may in the future account for a significant portion of our revenues in any one year or over a period of several consecutive years. Although we have long-standing relationships with many of our significant clients, our clients may unilaterally reduce, fail to renew or terminate their contracts with us at any time. A loss of business from a significant client could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, and results of operations.
We are increasingly dependent on sophisticated information technology and infrastructure. We rely on information technology systems and hardware and third party software to run critical accounting, project management and financial information systems. If software vendors decide to discontinue further development, integration or long-term software maintenance support for our information systems, or there is any system or hardware interruption, delay, breach of security, loss of data, we may need to migrate some or all of our accounting, project management and financial information to other systems. In addition, data privacy or security breaches may pose a risk that data, including intellectual property or personal information, may be exposed to unauthorized persons or the public. These disruptions or breaches could result in financial, legal, business or reputational harm to us.
Our failure to comply with anti-bribery statutes such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 could result in fines, criminal penalties and other sanctions that could have an adverse effect on our business. The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”), the U.K. Bribery Act (the “Bribery Act”) and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We conduct a modest amount of business in a few countries that have experienced corruption to some degree. If we were found to be liable for violations under the FCPA, the Bribery Act or similar anti-bribery laws, either due to our own acts or omissions or due to the acts or omissions of others, we could incur substantial legal expense and suffer civil and criminal penalties or other sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as our reputation.
Certain provisions of our corporate governance documents could make an acquisition of us, or a substantial interest in us, more difficult. The following provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as currently in effect, as well as Delaware law, could discourage potential proposals to acquire us, delay or prevent a change in control of us, or limit the price that investors may be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock:
our certificate of incorporation permits our board of directors to issue “blank check” preferred stock and to adopt amendments to our bylaws;
our bylaws contain restrictions regarding the right of our stockholders to nominate directors and to submit proposals to be considered at stockholder meetings;
our certificate of incorporation and bylaws limit the right of our stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders and to act by written consent; and
we are subject to provisions of Delaware law, which prohibit us from engaging in any of a broad range of business transactions with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the date such stockholder becomes classified as an interested stockholder.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES                 
Our operations are conducted primarily in leased properties. The following table lists facilities over 50,000 square feet, both leased and owned, and identifies the business segment that is the principal user of each such facility.
 
 
Approximate Square Feet
 
Lease Expiration Date, Unless Owned 
1168 Fesler Street
El Cajon, California (b)
67,560

 
8/31/2020
22302 Hathaway Avenue
Hayward, California (b)
105,000

 
7/31/2016
4462 Corporate Center Drive
Los Alamitos, California (a)
57,863

 
12/31/2019
18111 South Santa Fe Avenue
Rancho Dominguez, California (d)
66,246

 
12/31/2016
940 Remillard Court
San Jose, California (c)
119,560

 
7/31/2017
5101 York Street
Denver, Colorado (b)
77,553

 
2/28/2019
345 Sheridan Boulevard
Lakewood, Colorado (a)
63,000

 
Owned
3100 Woodcreek Drive
Downers Grove, Illinois (a)
56,551

 
7/31/2017
2219 Contractors Drive
Fort Wayne, Indiana (b)
175,000

 
7/31/2023
7614 and 7720 Opportunity Drive
Fort Wayne, Indiana (b)
144,695

 
10/31/2018
2655 Garfield Avenue
Highland, Indiana (a)
57,765

 
6/30/2019
4250 Highway 30
St. Gabriel, Louisiana (d)
90,000

 
Owned
1750 Swisco Road
Sulphur, Louisiana (d)
112,000

 
Owned
111-01 and 111-21 14th Avenue
College Point, New York (a)
73,013

 
2/28/2024
70 Schmitt Boulevard
Farmingdale, New York (b)
76,380

 
7/31/2026
Two Penn Plaza
New York, New York (a)
55,891

 
1/31/2016
2102 Tobacco Road
Durham, North Carolina (b)
55,944

 
9/30/2015
2900 Newpark Drive
Norton, Ohio (b)
91,831

 
11/1/2017
1800 Markley Street
Norristown, Pennsylvania (c)
93,000

 
9/30/2021
227 Trade Court
Aiken, South Carolina (b)
66,000

 
9/30/2016
6045 East Shelby Drive
Memphis, Tennessee (c)
53,618

 
4/30/2018
937 Pine Street
Beaumont, Texas (d)
78,962

 
Owned
895 North Main Street
Beaumont, Texas (d)
75,000

 
Owned
410 Flato Road
Corpus Christi, Texas (d)
57,000

 
Owned

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Approximate Square Feet
 
Lease Expiration Date, Unless Owned 
5550 Airline Drive and 25 Tidwell Road
Houston, Texas (b)
97,936

 
12/31/2019
12415 Highway 225
La Porte, Texas (d)
78,000

 
Owned
2455 West 1500 South
Salt Lake City, Utah (a)
58,339

 
3/31/2018
We believe that our property, plant and equipment are well maintained, in good operating condition and suitable for the purposes for which they are used.
See Note 15 - Commitments and Contingencies of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional information regarding lease costs. We utilize substantially all of our leased or owned facilities and believe there will be no difficulty either in negotiating the renewal of our real property leases as they expire or in finding alternative space, if necessary.
 
 
(a)
Principally used by a company engaged in the “United States electrical construction and facilities services” segment.
(b)
Principally used by a company engaged in the “United States mechanical construction and facilities services” segment.
(c)
Principally used by a company engaged in the “United States building services” segment.
(d)
Principally used by a company engaged in the “United States industrial services” segment.

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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
One of our subsidiaries, USM, Inc. (“USM”), doing business in California provides, among other things, janitorial services to its customers by having those services performed by independent janitorial companies. USM and one of its customers, which owns retail stores (the “Customer”), are co-defendants in a federal class action lawsuit brought by five employees of USM’s California janitorial subcontractors. The action captioned Federico Vilchiz Vasquez, Jesus Vilchiz Vasquez, Francisco Domingo Claudio, for themselves and all others similarly situated vs. USM, Inc. dba USM Services, Inc., a Pennsylvania Corporation, et al., was commenced on September 5, 2013 in a Superior Court of California and was removed by USM on November 22, 2013 to the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The employees allege in their complaint, among other things, that USM and the Customer, during a period that began before our acquisition of USM, violated a California statute that prohibits USM from entering into a contract with a janitorial subcontractor when it knows or should know that the contract does not include funds sufficient to allow the janitorial subcontractor to comply with all local, state and federal laws or regulations governing the labor or services to be provided. The employees have asserted that the amounts USM pays to its janitorial subcontractors are insufficient to allow those janitorial subcontractors to meet their obligations regarding, among other things, wages due for all hours their employees worked, minimum wages, overtime pay and meal and rest breaks. These employees seek to represent not only themselves, but also all other individuals who provided janitorial services at the Customer’s stores in California during the relevant four year time period. We do not believe USM or the Customer has violated the California statute or that the employees may bring the action as a class action on behalf of other employees of janitorial companies with whom USM subcontracted for the provision of janitorial services to the Customer. However, if the pending lawsuit is certified as a class action and USM is found to have violated the California statute, USM might have to pay significant damages and might be subject to similar lawsuits regarding the provision of janitorial services to its other customers in California. The plaintiffs seek a declaratory judgment that USM has violated the California statute, monetary damages, including all unpaid wages and thereon, restitution for unpaid wages, and an award of attorneys’ fees and costs.
On February 17, 2015, USM and its Customer entered into a consent decree which, subject to approval of the consent decree by the federal judge in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California following a determination by the Court of the consent decree’s fairness, adequacy and reasonableness, will resolve the claims and defenses asserted in the class action. Under the terms of the consent decree, USM is to (a) pay an aggregate of $1.0 million (i) for monetary relief to the members of the class, (ii) for awards to the class representative plaintiffs, (iii) for California Labor Code Private Attorney General Act payments to the State of California for an immaterial amount, and (iv) for all costs of notice and administration of the claims process, (b) pay to counsel for the class an aggregate of $1.3 million, of which $0.25 million is to be allocated for their reimbursable costs and litigation expenses and $1.05 million is to be allocated for attorneys’ fees, and (c) establish procedures to monitor USM’s California subcontractors providing janitorial services to its Customer designed principally to ensure janitorial employees of those subcontractors are paid no less than minimum wage.
We are involved in several other proceedings in which damages and claims have been asserted against us. Other potential claims may exist that have not yet been asserted against us. We believe that we have a number of valid defenses to such proceedings and claims and intend to vigorously defend ourselves. We do not believe that any such matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity. Litigation is subject to many uncertainties and the outcome of litigation is not predictable with assurance. It is possible that some litigation matters for which reserves have not been established could be decided unfavorably to us, and that any such unfavorable decisions could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity. See Note 15 - Commitments and Contingencies of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for a discussion regarding certain other legal proceedings.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required by Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.104) is included in Exhibit 95 to this Form 10-K.


15


EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT
Anthony J. Guzzi, Age 50; President since October 25, 2004 and Chief Executive Officer since January 3, 2011. From October 25, 2004 to January 2, 2011, Mr. Guzzi served as Chief Operating Officer of the Company. From August 2001, until he joined the Company, Mr. Guzzi served as President of the North American Distribution and Aftermarket Division of Carrier Corporation (“Carrier”). Carrier is a manufacturer and distributor of commercial and residential HVAC and refrigeration systems and equipment and a provider of after-market services and components of its own products and those of other manufacturers in both the HVAC and refrigeration industries. Mr. Guzzi is also a member of our Board of Directors.
Sheldon I. Cammaker, Age 75; Executive Vice President and General Counsel of the Company since September 1987 and Secretary of the Company since May 1997. Prior to September 1987, Mr. Cammaker was a senior partner of the New York City law firm of Botein, Hays & Sklar.
R. Kevin Matz, Age 56; Executive Vice President-Shared Services of the Company since December 2007 and Senior Vice President-Shared Services from June 2003 to December 2007. From April 1996 to June 2003, Mr. Matz served as Vice President and Treasurer of the Company and Staff Vice President-Financial Services of the Company from March 1993 to April 1996.
Mark A. Pompa, Age 50; Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company since April 3, 2006. From June 2003 to April 2, 2006, Mr. Pompa was Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer of the Company, and from June 2003 to January 2007, Mr. Pompa was also Treasurer of the Company. From September 1994 to June 2003, Mr. Pompa was Vice President and Controller of the Company.

16


PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Information. Our common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “EME”.
The following table sets forth high and low sales prices for our common stock for the periods indicated as reported by the New York Stock Exchange:
 
2014
High
 
Low
First Quarter
$
47.81

 
$
40.12

Second Quarter
$
48.00

 
$
43.41

Third Quarter
$
46.04

 
$
39.96

Fourth Quarter
$
45.87

 
$
38.68

 
2013
High
 
Low
First Quarter
$
42.69

 
$
34.42

Second Quarter
$
42.34

 
$
35.58

Third Quarter
$
43.98

 
$
37.19

Fourth Quarter
$
42.61

 
$
36.26

Holders. As of February 19, 2015, there were approximately 166 stockholders of record and, as of that date, we estimate there were approximately 31,229 beneficial owners holding our common stock in nominee or “street” name.
Dividends. We have paid quarterly dividends since October 25, 2011. At the December 7, 2012 meeting of our Board of Directors, the regular quarterly dividend that would have been paid in January 2013 was declared, its amount increased to $0.06 per share and the payment date accelerated to December 28, 2012. During 2013, we paid a regular quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2013. In December 2013, our Board of Directors announced its intention to increase our regular quarterly dividend to $0.08 per share commencing with the dividend to be paid in the first quarter of 2014, and that dividend was paid in each of the four quarters of 2014. We expect that such quarterly dividends will be paid in the foreseeable future. Our 2013 Credit Agreement places limitations on the payment of dividends on our common stock. However, we do not believe that the terms of this agreement materially limit our ability to pay a quarterly dividend of $0.08 per share for the foreseeable future.













17


Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans. The following table summarizes, as of December 31, 2014, certain information regarding equity compensation plans that were approved by stockholders and equity compensation plans that were not approved by stockholders. The information in the table and in the Notes thereto has been adjusted for stock splits.
 
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
 
 
A
 
B
 
C
 
Plan Category
 
Number of Securities to be Issued upon Exercise of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
 
Number of Securities Remaining Available for Future Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans (Excluding Securities Reflected in Column A)
 
Equity Compensation Plans Approved by Security Holders
 
1,277,073

(1) 
$
10.72

(1) 
2,086,953

(2) 
Equity Compensation Plans Not Approved by Security Holders
 

 
$

 

 
Total
 
1,277,073

 
$
10.72

 
2,086,953

 
_________
 
(1)
Included within this amount are 710,299 restricted stock units awarded to our non-employee directors and employees. The weighted average exercise price would have been $24.15 had the weighted average exercise price calculation excluded such restricted stock units.
(2)
Represents shares of our common stock available for future issuance under our 2010 Incentive Plan (the "2010 Plan"), which may be issuable in respect of options and/or stock appreciation rights granted under the 2010 Plan and/or may also be issued pursuant to the award of restricted stock, unrestricted stock and/or awards that are valued in whole or in part by reference to, or are otherwise based on the fair market value of, our common stock.
Purchase of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
The following table summarizes repurchases of our common stock made during the quarter ended December 31, 2014 by us: 
Period
Total Number of
Shares Purchased(1)
Average Price
Paid Per Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as Part
of Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs
Maximum Number
(or Approximate Dollar Value)
of Shares That May Yet be
Purchased Under
the Plan or Programs
 
 
 
 
 
October 1, 2014 to
October 31, 2014
946,189

$40.57
946,189

$249,516,873
November 1, 2014 to
November 30, 2014
977,073

$44.77
977,073

$205,739,378
December 1, 2014 to
December 31, 2014
900,975

$43.56
900,975

$166,467,082
_________
 
(1)
On September 26, 2011, we announced that our Board of Directors had authorized us to repurchase up to $100.0 million of our outstanding common stock, and on December 5, 2013, we announced that our Board of Directors had authorized us to repurchase up to an additional $100.0 million of our outstanding common stock. As of December 31, 2014, we had repurchased all shares under both of these authorizations. On October 23, 2014, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase up to an additional $250.0 million of our outstanding common stock. As a result, as of December 31, 2014, $166.5 million remained available for repurchase under that authorization. No shares have been repurchased since the programs have been announced other than pursuant to these publicly announced programs. Repurchases may be made from time to time as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements.


18


ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following selected financial data has been derived from our audited financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, the related notes thereto and the report of our independent registered public accounting firm thereon included elsewhere in this and our previously filed annual reports on Form 10-K.
See Note 3 - Acquisitions of Businesses and Note 4 - Disposition of Assets of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for a discussion regarding acquisitions and dispositions. During the third quarter of 2014, we ceased construction operations in the United Kingdom. The results of the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment for all periods are presented as discontinued operations. In addition, the results of operations for all periods presented reflect discontinued operations accounting due to the disposition in August 2011 of our Canadian subsidiary.
Income Statement Data
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Revenues
$
6,424,965

 
$
6,333,527

 
$
6,195,494

 
$
5,450,393

 
$
4,698,313

Gross profit
907,246

 
821,646

 
803,979

 
724,733

 
677,010

Impairment loss on goodwill and identifiable intangible assets
1,471

 

 

 
3,795

 
246,081

Operating income (loss)
289,878

 
240,350

 
260,303

 
214,119

 
(30,192
)
Net income (loss) attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc.
$
168,664

 
$
123,792

 
$
146,584

 
$
130,826

 
$
(86,691
)
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

From continuing operations
$
2.61

 
$
2.19

 
$
2.32

 
$
1.86

 
$
(1.33
)
From discontinued operations
(0.07
)
 
(0.34
)
 
(0.12
)
 
0.10

 
0.02

 
$
2.54

 
$
1.85

 
$
2.20

 
$
1.96

 
$
(1.31
)
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

From continuing operations
$
2.59

 
$
2.16

 
$
2.28

 
$
1.82

 
$
(1.33
)
From discontinued operations
(0.07
)
 
(0.34
)
 
(0.12
)
 
0.09

 
0.02

 
$
2.52

 
$
1.82

 
$
2.16

 
$
1.91

 
$
(1.31
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data
(In thousands) 
 
As of December 31,  
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Equity (1)
$
1,429,387

 
$
1,479,626

 
$
1,357,179

 
$
1,245,131

 
$
1,162,845

Total assets
3,388,967

 
3,465,915

 
3,107,070

 
3,014,076

 
2,755,542

Goodwill
834,102

 
834,825

 
566,588

 
566,805

 
406,804

Borrowings under revolving credit facility

 

 
150,000

 
150,000

 
150,000

Term loan, including current maturities
332,500

 
350,000

 

 

 

Other long-term debt, including current maturities
57

 
11

 
18

 

 
24

Capital lease obligations, including current maturities
$
2,883

 
$
4,652

 
$
5,881

 
$
4,857

 
$
1,649

  _______
(1)
During 2014, we repurchased approximately 4.8 million shares of our common stock for approximately $206.0 million. Since the inception of the repurchase programs in 2011 through December 31, 2014, we have repurchased 7.6 million shares of our common stock for approximately $283.5 million. The repurchase of shares results in a reduction of our Equity. We have paid quarterly dividends since October 25, 2011. At the December 7, 2012 meeting of our Board of Directors, the regular quarterly dividend that would have been paid in January 2013 was declared, its amount increased to $0.06 per share and the payment date accelerated to December 28, 2012. During 2013, we paid a regular quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2013. In December 2013, our Board of Directors announced its intention to increase our regular quarterly dividend to $0.08 per share commencing with the dividend to be paid in the first quarter of 2014, and that dividend was paid in each of the four quarters of 2014. We expect that such quarterly dividends will be paid in the foreseeable future. Prior to October 25, 2011, no cash dividends had been paid on the Company's common stock.

19


ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We are one of the largest electrical and mechanical construction and facilities services firms in the United States. In addition, we provide a number of building services and industrial services. Our services are provided to a broad range of commercial, industrial, utility and institutional customers through approximately 70 operating subsidiaries and joint venture entities. Our offices are located in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Due to recurring losses over the last several years in the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment and our negative assessment of construction market conditions in the United Kingdom for the foreseeable future, we announced during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 our decision to withdraw from the construction market in the United Kingdom. During the third quarter of 2014, we ceased construction operations in the United Kingdom. The results of the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment for all periods are presented as discontinued operations. The segment formally named the United Kingdom construction and building services segment has been renamed the United Kingdom building services segment.
Impact of Acquisitions
In order to provide a more meaningful period-over-period discussion of our operating results, we may discuss amounts generated or incurred (revenues, gross profit, selling, general and administrative expenses and operating income) from companies acquired. The amounts discussed reflect the acquired companies' operating results in the current reported period only for the time period these entities were not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period.
Overview
The following table presents selected financial data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except percentages and per share data):  
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues
$
6,424,965

 
$
6,333,527

Revenues increase from prior year
1.4
%
 
2.2
%
Restructuring expenses
$
1,168

 
$
647

Impairment loss on identifiable intangible assets
$
1,471

 
$

Gain on sale of building
$
11,749

 
$

Operating income
$
289,878

 
$
240,350

Operating income as a percentage of revenues
4.5
%
 
3.8
%
Income from continuing operations
$
178,117

 
$
150,423

Net income attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc.
$
168,664

 
$
123,792

Diluted earnings per common share from continuing operations
$
2.59

 
$
2.16

Overall revenues, operating income and operating margin (operating income as a percentage of revenues) increased in 2014 compared to 2013. The increase in revenues is primarily attributable to higher revenues from our United States industrial services segment and our United Kingdom building services segment, partially offset by a decline in revenues from our (a) United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, (b) United States building services segment and (c) United States electrical construction and facilities services segment. Companies acquired in 2013, which are reported in our United States industrial segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, generated incremental revenues of $231.2 million in 2014. As previously discussed under "Impact of Acquisitions" above, this amount reflects acquired companies' revenues in the current reported period only for the time period these entities were not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period.
The increases in operating income were primarily attributable to improved operating performance within all of our reportable segments, except for our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment and our United States building services segment. Operating income margins increased within all of our reportable segments, except for our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment and our United States industrial services segment. In addition, our operating income and operating margin were favorably impacted by an $11.7 million gain on the sale of a building. Companies acquired in 2013, which are reported in our United States industrial segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, contributed $9.3 million to operating income, net of $8.2 million of amortization expense associated with identifiable intangible assets. As previously discussed under "Impact of Acquisitions" above, these amounts reflect acquired companies' operating results in the current reported period only for the time period these entities were not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period.

20


Operating Segments
We have the following reportable segments which provide services associated with the design, integration, installation, start-up, operation and maintenance of various systems: (a) United States electrical construction and facilities services (involving systems for electrical power transmission and distribution; premises electrical and lighting systems; low-voltage systems, such as fire alarm, security and process control; voice and data communication; roadway and transit lighting; and fiber optic lines); (b) United States mechanical construction and facilities services (involving systems for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and clean-room process ventilation; fire protection; plumbing, process and high-purity piping; controls and filtration; water and wastewater treatment; central plant heating and cooling; cranes and rigging; millwrighting; and steel fabrication, erection and welding); (c) United States building services; (d) United States industrial services; and (e) United Kingdom building services. The “United States building services” and “United Kingdom building services” segments principally consist of those operations which provide a portfolio of services needed to support the operation and maintenance of customers’ facilities, including commercial and government site-based operations and maintenance; facility maintenance and services, including reception, security and catering services; outage services to utilities and industrial plants; military base operations support services; mobile maintenance and services; floor care and janitorial services; landscaping, lot sweeping and snow removal; facilities management; vendor management; call center services; installation and support for building systems; program development, management and maintenance for energy systems; technical consulting and diagnostic services; infrastructure and building projects for federal, state and local governmental agencies and bodies; and small modification and retrofit projects, which services are not generally related to customers’ construction programs. The segment “United States industrial services” principally consists of those operations which provide industrial maintenance and services, including those for refineries and petrochemical plants, including on-site repairs, maintenance and service of heat exchangers, towers, vessels and piping; design, manufacturing, repair and hydro blast cleaning of shell and tube heat exchangers and related equipment; refinery turnaround planning and engineering services; specialty welding services; overhaul and maintenance of critical process units in refineries and petrochemical plants; and specialty technical services for refineries and petrochemical plants.
We completed the acquisition of RepconStrickland, Inc. (“RSI”) during 2013, and its results have been included in our United States industrial services segment since its acquisition. In addition, we completed two other acquisitions during 2013, and their results have been included in our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment. These acquired businesses expanded our service capabilities into new technical areas.
Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations
2014 versus 2013
Revenues
As described in more detail below, revenues for 2014 were $6.4 billion compared to $6.3 billion for 2013. The increase in revenues for 2014 was primarily attributable to revenues of $231.2 million attributable to companies acquired in 2013 and higher revenues from our United States industrial services segment and our United Kingdom building services segment. This increase was partially offset by lower revenues from our other reportable segments. See “Impact of Acquisitions” discussion above for further information regarding companies acquired in 2013. We continue to be disciplined in a very competitive marketplace by only accepting work that we believe can be performed at reasonable margins.
The following table presents our revenues for each of our operating segments and the approximate percentages that each segment’s revenues were of total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
 
2014
 
% of
Total 
 
2013
 
% of
Total 
Revenues from unrelated entities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
1,311,988

 
20
%
 
$
1,345,750

 
21
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
2,201,212

 
34
%
 
2,329,834

 
37
%
United States building services
1,721,341

 
27
%
 
1,794,978

 
28
%
United States industrial services
839,980

 
13
%
 
519,413

 
8
%
Total United States operations
6,074,521

 
95
%
 
5,989,975

 
95
%
United Kingdom building services
350,444

 
5
%
 
343,552

 
5
%
Total worldwide operations
$
6,424,965

 
100
%
 
$
6,333,527

 
100
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


21


Revenues of our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment were $1,312.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to revenues of $1,345.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to a decrease in revenues from institutional and manufacturing construction projects, primarily in the southern California and Washington D.C. markets, as well as a decrease in revenues from water and wastewater construction projects. These decreases were partially offset by higher levels of work from transportation, commercial and healthcare projects.
Our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $2,201.2 million, a $128.6 million decrease compared to revenues of $2,329.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. This decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to a decline in revenues from manufacturing construction projects, partially as the result of the completion in 2013 of several large projects within this market sector, which were not replaced. This decrease was partially offset by: (a) an increase in revenues from commercial, hospitality and institutional construction projects and (b) incremental revenues of $19.2 million generated by companies acquired in 2013. See “Impact of Acquisitions” discussion above for further information.
Revenues of our United States building services segment were $1,721.3 million and $1,795.0 million in 2014 and 2013, respectively. This decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to decreased revenues from: (a) our commercial site-based services operations, as a result of a decline in revenues from supplier management contracts, including a large contract that was terminated by agreement of both parties, (b) our energy services operations, due to a reduction in large project work, and (c) our government site-based services operations, as a result of the completion of a large long-term site-based joint venture project located in the Pacific Northwest not renewed pursuant to rebid. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in revenues from our mobile mechanical service operations, primarily within the California and New England markets.
Revenues of our United States industrial services segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $320.6 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2013. For the seven months ended July 31, 2014, RSI generated incremental revenues of $212.0 million. As previously discussed under "Impact of Acquisitions" above, this amount reflects RSI's revenues in the current reported period only for the time period RSI was not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period. The increase in revenues was also attributable to an increased demand for our industrial field services operations, partially offset by a decrease in revenues from our industrial shop services operations.
Our United Kingdom building services segment revenues were $350.4 million in 2014 compared to $343.6 million in 2013. This increase in revenues was due to an increase of $16.9 million relating to the effect of favorable exchange rates for the British pound versus the United States dollar and increased activity within the commercial and healthcare markets, partially offset by decreased activity within the transportation and institutional markets.
Backlog
The following table presents our operating segment backlog from unrelated entities and their respective percentages of total backlog (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
December 31, 2014
 
% of
Total
 
December 31, 2013
 
% of
Total
Backlog:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
1,176,372

 
32
%
 
$
993,919

 
30
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
1,473,018

 
41
%
 
1,325,941

 
40
%
United States building services
732,960

 
20
%
 
761,855

 
23
%
United States industrial services
101,154

 
3
%
 
94,187

 
3
%
Total United States operations
3,483,504

 
96
%
 
3,175,902

 
95
%
United Kingdom building services
150,084

 
4
%
 
167,804

 
5
%
Total worldwide operations
$
3,633,588

 
100
%
 
$
3,343,706

 
100
%
Our backlog at December 31, 2014 was $3.63 billion compared to $3.34 billion at December 31, 2013. This increase in backlog was primarily attributable to an increase in contracts awarded for work in our (a) United States electrical construction and facilities services segment and (b) United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment. Backlog increases with awards of new contracts and decreases as we perform work on existing contracts. Backlog is not a term recognized under United States generally accepted accounting principles; however, it is a common measurement used in our industry. We include a project within our backlog at such time as a contract is awarded. Backlog includes unrecognized revenues to be realized from uncompleted construction contracts plus unrecognized revenues expected to be realized over the remaining term of services contracts. However, we do not include in backlog contracts for which we are paid on a time and material basis and a fixed amount cannot be determined, and if the remaining term of a services contract exceeds 12 months, the unrecognized revenues attributable to such contract included

22


in backlog are limited to only the next 12 months of revenues provided for in the contract award. Our backlog also includes amounts related to services contracts for which a fixed price contract value is not assigned when a reasonable estimate of total revenues can be made from budgeted amounts agreed to with our customer. Our backlog is comprised of: (a) original contract amounts, (b) change orders for which we have received written confirmations from our customers, (c) pending change orders for which we expect to receive confirmations in the ordinary course of business and (d) claim amounts that we have made against customers for which we have determined we have a legal basis under existing contractual arrangements and as to which we consider recovery to be probable. Such claim amounts were immaterial for all periods presented. Our backlog does not include anticipated revenues from unconsolidated joint ventures or variable interest entities and anticipated revenues from pass-through costs on contracts for which we are acting in the capacity of an agent and which are reported on the net basis. We believe our backlog is firm, although many contracts are subject to cancellation at the election of our customers. Historically, cancellations have not had a material adverse effect on us.
Cost of sales and Gross profit
The following table presents cost of sales, gross profit (revenues less cost of sales), and gross profit margin (gross profit as a percentage of revenues) for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except for percentages):  
 
2014
 
2013
Cost of sales
$
5,517,719

 
$
5,511,881

Gross profit
$
907,246

 
$
821,646

Gross profit margin
14.1
%
 
13.0
%
Our gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $907.2 million, an $85.6 million increase compared to the gross profit of $821.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The increase in gross profit was primarily attributable to improved profitability within all of our reportable segments, except for our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment. Gross profit in 2013 within our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment was negatively impacted by aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million from one of our subsidiaries at two projects located in the southeastern United States. Companies acquired in 2013 included in our United States industrial services segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment contributed an aggregate of $35.9 million to gross profit in 2014. As previously discussed under "Impact of Acquisitions" above, this amount reflects acquired companies' gross profit in the current reported period only for the time period these entities were not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period.
Our gross profit margin was 14.1% and 13.0% for 2014 and 2013, respectively. Gross profit margin for 2014 increased within most of our reportable segments. Our consolidated gross profit margin benefited from an increase in revenues from our United States industrial services segment, which historically generates higher gross profit margins than our other reportable segments. Gross profit margin for 2013 was adversely impacted by the two significant project write-downs reported in our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, resulting in a 0.4% impact on consolidated gross profit margin.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
The following table presents selling, general and administrative expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues, for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except for percentages):  
 
2014
 
2013
Selling, general and administrative expenses
$
626,478

 
$
580,649

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues
9.8
%
 
9.2
%
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $626.5 million, a $45.8 million increase compared to selling, general and administrative expenses of $580.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues were 9.8% and 9.2% for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. This increase in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily resulted from: (a) $26.6 million of expenses directly related to companies acquired in 2013, including amortization expense of $8.2 million attributable to identifiable intangible assets, (b) higher employee related costs such as incentive compensation and employee benefits and (c) higher legal costs, including the unfavorable settlement of a legal matter. See “Impact of Acquisitions” discussion above for further information regarding companies acquired in 2013. In addition, our selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues increased due to higher revenues from our United States industrial services segment, which has a higher fixed cost structure than our other reportable segments. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 included $6.1 million of transaction costs associated with the acquisition of RSI. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were reduced by $6.8 million of income attributable to the reversal of contingent consideration accruals relating to acquisitions made prior to 2013.

23


Restructuring expenses
Restructuring expenses were $1.2 million and $0.6 million for 2014 and 2013, respectively. The 2014 restructuring expenses included $0.6 million of employee severance obligations and $0.6 million relating to the termination of leased facilities. The 2013 restructuring expenses included $0.5 million of employee severance obligations and $0.1 million relating to the termination of leased facilities. As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, the balance of restructuring related obligations yet to be paid was $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively. The majority of obligations outstanding as of December 31, 2013 were paid during 2014. The majority of obligations outstanding as of December 31, 2014 will be paid during 2015. No material expenses in connection with restructuring from continuing operations are expected to be incurred during 2015.
Gain on sale of building
On July 22, 2014, we sold a building and land owned by one of our subsidiaries reported in the United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment. We recognized a gain of approximately $11.7 million on this transaction in the third quarter of 2014, which has been classified as a “Gain on sale of building” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Impairment loss on goodwill and identifiable intangible assets
In conjunction with our 2014 annual impairment test on October 1, we recognized a $1.5 million non-cash impairment charge related to subsidiary trade names within the United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment and the United States building services segment. The 2014 impairment primarily resulted from lower forecasted revenues from two companies within these segments. No impairment of our identifiable intangible assets was recognized for the year ended December 31, 2013. Additionally, no impairment of our goodwill was recognized for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.
Operating income (loss)
The following table presents by segment our operating income (loss) (gross profit less selling, general and administrative expenses and restructuring expenses), and each segment’s operating income (loss) as a percentage of such segment’s revenues from unrelated entities, for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
 
2014
 
% of
Segment
Revenues 
 
2013
 
% of
Segment
Revenues 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
90,873

 
6.9
%
 
$
98,114

 
7.3
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
114,418

 
5.2
%
 
93,765

 
4.0
%
United States building services
65,885

 
3.8
%
 
67,225

 
3.7
%
United States industrial services
63,159

 
7.5
%
 
38,763

 
7.5
%
Total United States operations
334,335

 
5.5
%
 
297,867

 
5.0
%
United Kingdom building services
15,011

 
4.3
%
 
13,021

 
3.8
%
Corporate administration
(68,578
)
 

 
(69,891
)
 

Restructuring expenses
(1,168
)
 

 
(647
)
 

Impairment loss on identifiable intangible assets
(1,471
)
 

 

 

Gain on sale of building
11,749

 

 

 

Total worldwide operations
289,878

 
4.5
%
 
240,350

 
3.8
%
Other corporate items:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense
(9,075
)
 
 

 
(8,769
)
 
 

Interest income
842

 
 

 
1,128

 
 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
$
281,645

 
 

 
$
232,709

 
 

As described in more detail below, we had operating income of $289.9 million for 2014 compared to operating income of $240.4 million for 2013. Operating margin was 4.5% and 3.8% for 2014 and 2013, respectively. Included within operating income for 2014 was an $11.7 million gain on the sale of a building, resulting in a 0.2% impact on our consolidated operating margin for 2014. Operating income for 2013 was negatively impacted by aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million from one of our subsidiaries at two projects located in the southeastern United States, resulting in a 0.4% impact on our consolidated operating margin for 2013.


24


Operating income of our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $90.9 million compared to operating income of $98.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. The decrease in operating income for the year ended December 31, 2014 was primarily the result of a decrease in gross profit attributable to institutional, transportation, manufacturing and water and wastewater construction projects, as well as an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses, mainly attributable to employment costs. This segment was also negatively impacted by project losses incurred from one of our subsidiaries whose operations we are in the process of closing. The decrease in operating margin for the year ended December 31, 2014 was primarily the result of an increase in the ratio of selling, general and administrative expenses to revenues.
Our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment operating income for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $114.4 million, a $20.7 million increase compared to operating income of $93.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. Operating income was favorably impacted by an increase in gross profit from institutional, commercial, healthcare and hospitality construction projects, partially offset by a decrease in gross profit from manufacturing and transportation construction projects. The results for 2014 included the receipt of $3.0 million from former shareholders of a company we had acquired as a result of the settlement of a claim by us under the acquisition agreement; this payment has been recorded as a reduction of "Cost of sales" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The results for 2013 included aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million from one of our subsidiaries at two projects located in the southeastern United States, resulting in a 1.1% impact on this segment’s operating margin, partially offset by $6.7 million of income attributable to the reversal of contingent consideration accruals related to acquisitions made prior to 2013. Companies acquired in 2013 generated operating income of $0.9 million, net of amortization expense of $0.2 million attributable to identifiable intangible assets, for the year ended December 31, 2014. See “Impact of Acquisitions” discussion above for further information. The increase in operating margin for the year ended December 31, 2014 was attributable to an increase in gross profit margin.
Operating income of our United States building services segment was $65.9 million and $67.2 million in 2014 and 2013, respectively. The decrease in operating income was primarily attributable to a decrease in operating income from this segment’s: (a) commercial site-based services operations, due to: (i) decreased volume from supplier management contracts and (ii) higher legal costs, including the unfavorable settlement of a legal matter, and (b) energy services operations, due to a reduction of large project work. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in gross profit from this segment's: (a) mobile mechanical services operations, partially due to increased profitability in projects, retrofits and repair services work and (b) government site-based services operations, partially due to the successful close-out of two large long-term joint venture projects and reduced selling, general and administrative expenses. The increase in operating margin for the year ended December 31, 2014 was attributable to an increase in gross profit margin.
Operating income of our United States industrial services segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 increased by $24.4 million compared to operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013. For the seven months ended July 31, 2014, RSI contributed $8.4 million of operating income, net of $8.0 million of amortization expense attributable to identifiable intangible assets. As previously discussed under "Impact of Acquisitions" above, these amounts reflect RSI's operating results in the current reported period only for the time period RSI was not owned by EMCOR in the comparable prior reported period. Operating income also benefited from an increase in demand for this segment’s industrial field services. The increase in operating income was partially offset by a reduction in operating income from our industrial shop services operations, which had benefited from exceptionally strong demand during the first quarter of 2013.
Our United Kingdom building services segment’s operating income for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $15.0 million compared to operating income of $13.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2013. This segment recognized income of $4.8 million during the second quarter of 2014, which has been recorded as a reduction of "Cost of sales" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, as a result of a reduction in the estimate of certain accrued contract costs that were no longer expected to be incurred, which was partially offset by a decrease in income from the commercial and transportation markets. The increase in operating margin for the year ended December 31, 2014 was attributable to an increase in gross profit margin and a decrease in the ratio of selling, general and administrative expenses to revenues.
Our corporate administration operating loss was $68.6 million for 2014 compared to $69.9 million in 2013. Our corporate administration operating loss for 2013 included $6.1 million of transaction costs associated with the acquisition of RSI. The benefit of the absence of these transaction costs for 2014 was partially offset by an increase in certain employment costs, such as incentive compensation and employee benefits. Also, our corporate administration operating loss for 2013 was reduced by the receipt of an insurance recovery of approximately $2.6 million that was received in January 2013 associated with a previously disposed of operation, which is classified as a component of "Cost of sales" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.



25


Non-operating items
Interest expense was $9.1 million and $8.8 million for 2014 and 2013, respectively. The $0.3 million increase in interest expense for 2014 compared to 2013 was primarily due to increased borrowings associated with the term loan executed in November 2013.
Interest income was $0.8 million and $1.1 million for 2014 and 2013, respectively. The decrease in interest income was primarily related to lower invested cash balances.
For joint ventures that have been accounted for using the consolidation method of accounting, noncontrolling interest represents the allocation of earnings to our joint venture partners who either have a minority-ownership interest in the joint venture or are not at risk for the majority of losses of the joint venture.
Our 2014 income tax provision from continuing operations was $103.5 million compared to $82.3 million for 2013. The actual income tax rates on income from continuing operations before income taxes, less amounts attributable to noncontrolling interests, for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, were 37.4% and 35.9%, respectively. The increase in the 2014 income tax provision compared to 2013 was primarily due to the effect of increased income before income taxes and the 2013 reversal of previously unrecognized income tax benefits.
Discontinued operations
Due to recurring losses over the last several years in the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment and our negative assessment of construction market conditions in the United Kingdom for the foreseeable future, we announced during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 our decision to withdraw from the construction market in the United Kingdom. During the third quarter of 2014, we ceased construction operations in the United Kingdom. The results of the construction operations of our United Kingdom segment for all periods are presented in our Consolidated Financial Statements as discontinued operations.
2013 versus 2012
Revenues
As described in more detail below, revenues for 2013 were $6.3 billion compared to $6.2 billion for 2012. The increase in revenues for 2013 was primarily attributable to: (a) incremental revenues of approximately $133.3 million generated by companies acquired in 2013, which are reported in our United States industrial services segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment and (b) higher revenues from our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment, partially offset by lower revenues from our United Kingdom building services segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, excluding the effect of acquisitions in 2013.
The following table presents our revenues for each of our operating segments and the approximate percentages that each segment’s revenues were of total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
2013
 
% of
Total 
 
2012
 
% of
Total 
Revenues from unrelated entities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
1,345,750

 
21
%
 
$
1,211,692

 
20
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
2,329,834

 
37
%
 
2,386,498

 
39
%
United States building services
1,794,978

 
28
%
 
1,807,917

 
29
%
United States industrial services
519,413

 
8
%
 
401,793

 
6
%
Total United States operations
5,989,975

 
95
%
 
5,807,900

 
94
%
United Kingdom building services
343,552

 
5
%
 
387,594

 
6
%
Total worldwide operations
$
6,333,527

 
100
%
 
$
6,195,494

 
100
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues of our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment were $1,345.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to revenues of $1,211.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. This increase in revenues was primarily attributable to higher levels of work from commercial, institutional, manufacturing and transportation construction projects, primarily in the Southern California and New York City markets, partially offset by a decrease in revenues from water and wastewater construction projects.
Our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment revenues for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $2,329.8 million, a $56.7 million decrease compared to revenues of $2,386.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. This decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to declines in revenues from institutional, healthcare and water and wastewater construction projects. In addition, this segment’s results for 2012 included approximately $224.0 million of revenues attributable

26


to a large manufacturing project compared to $23.1 million of revenues recognized on the same project in 2013. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in revenues from other manufacturing construction projects and incremental revenues of approximately $9.7 million generated by companies acquired in 2013.
Revenues of our United States building services segment were $1,795.0 million and $1,807.9 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively. This decrease in revenues was primarily attributable to a reduction in revenues from our government site-based services and our commercial site-based services, partially offset by an increase in revenues from our energy services and our mobile mechanical services. The decrease in revenues from our government site-based services was primarily due to a reduction in discretionary government project spending and the loss in 2012 of certain maintenance contracts, and the decrease in our commercial site-based services was primarily due to the termination of certain unprofitable contracts. The increase in revenues from our energy services was due to large project work, and the increase in revenues from our mobile mechanical services was due to higher project and services revenues.
Revenues of our United States industrial services segment for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased by $117.6 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2012. This increase in revenues was primarily due to the $123.6 million of incremental revenues generated by RSI. Excluding the results of this acquisition, revenues decreased from turnaround and maintenance services work performed compared to revenues in 2012. The results in 2012 benefited from the favorable impact of three large non-recurring turnaround and repair projects.
Our United Kingdom building services segment revenues were $343.6 million in 2013 compared to $387.6 million in 2012. This decrease in revenues was attributable to: (a) lower revenues as a result of reduced activity in the commercial and transportation markets and (b) a decrease of $5.0 million relating to the effect of unfavorable exchange rates for the British pound versus the United States dollar.
Backlog
The following table presents our operating segment backlog from unrelated entities and their respective percentages of total backlog (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
December 31, 2013
 
% of
Total
 
December 31, 2012
 
% of
Total
Backlog:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
993,919

 
30
%
 
$
831,910

 
25
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
1,325,941

 
40
%
 
1,357,892

 
41
%
United States building services
761,855

 
23
%
 
841,882

 
25
%
United States industrial services
94,187

 
3
%
 
99,532

 
3
%
Total United States operations
3,175,902

 
95
%
 
3,131,216

 
95
%
United Kingdom building services
167,804

 
5
%
 
170,680

 
5
%
Total worldwide operations
$
3,343,706

 
100
%
 
$
3,301,896

 
100
%
Our backlog at December 31, 2013 was $3.34 billion compared to $3.30 billion at December 31, 2012. The slight increase in backlog was primarily attributable to an increase in backlog from our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment, partially offset by lower backlog from the remainder of our segments.
Cost of sales and Gross profit
The following table presents cost of sales, gross profit (revenues less cost of sales), and gross profit margin (gross profit as a percentage of revenues) for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands, except for percentages):  
 
2013
 
2012
Cost of sales
$
5,511,881

 
$
5,391,515

Gross profit
$
821,646

 
$
803,979

Gross profit margin
13.0
%
 
13.0
%




27


Our gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $821.6 million, a $17.7 million increase compared to the gross profit of $804.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The increase in gross profit was primarily attributable to: (a) increases in gross profit from our United States building services segment and our United States industrial services segment, excluding the gross profit from a company acquired in 2013, (b) companies acquired in 2013 reported within our United States industrial services segment and our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, which contributed approximately $23.0 million to gross profit, and (c) the receipt of an insurance recovery of approximately $2.6 million during the first quarter of 2013 associated with a previously disposed of operation, which is classified as a component of “Cost of sales” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Gross profit was negatively impacted by a decrease in gross profit from our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment, as a consequence of aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million from one of our subsidiaries at two projects located in the southeastern United States.
Our gross profit margin was 13.0% for both 2013 and 2012. Gross profit margin for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased in our United States building services segment and our United States industrial services segment primarily due to improved project execution and the termination of certain unprofitable contracts. Gross profit margin decreased in all our other reportable segments. Gross profit margin declined in our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment due to construction contract losses, resulting in a 0.4% impact on consolidated gross profit margin. Gross profit margin in 2013 in our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment declined as 2012 gross profit margin had benefited from the resolution of construction claims, resulting in approximately $9.5 million of gross profit.
Selling, general and administrative expenses
The following table presents selling, general and administrative expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues, for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands, except for percentages):  
 
2013
 
2012
Selling, general and administrative expenses
$
580,649

 
$
543,531

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues
9.2
%
 
8.8
%
Our selling, general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $580.6 million, a $37.1 million increase compared to selling, general and administrative expenses of $543.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues were 9.2% and 8.8% for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. This increase in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily resulted from: (a) $21.0 million of expenses directly related to companies acquired in 2013, including amortization expense attributable to identifiable intangible assets of $5.8 million, (b) $6.1 million of transaction costs associated with the acquisition of RSI and (c) higher legal and other professional fees. In addition, we recognized for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, $6.8 million and $6.4 million of income attributable to the reversal of contingent consideration accruals relating to acquisitions made prior to 2013.
Restructuring expenses
Restructuring expenses were $0.6 million and $0.1 million for 2013 and 2012, respectively. The 2013 restructuring expenses included $0.5 million of employee severance obligations and $0.1 million relating to the termination of leased facilities. The 2012 restructuring expenses included $0.07 million of employee severance obligations and $0.07 million relating to the termination of leased facilities. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, the balance of restructuring related obligations yet to be paid was $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively. The majority of obligations outstanding as of December 31, 2012 were paid during 2013. The majority of obligations outstanding as of December 31, 2013 were paid during 2014.
Impairment loss on goodwill and identifiable intangible assets
Based upon our annual impairment testing as of October 1, 2013 and 2012, no impairment of our goodwill or our identifiable intangible assets was recognized for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.







28


Operating income (loss)
The following table presents by segment our operating income (loss) (gross profit less selling, general and administrative expenses and restructuring expenses), and each segment’s operating income (loss) as a percentage of such segment’s revenues from unrelated entities, for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands, except for percentages):
 
 
2013
 
% of
Segment
Revenues 
 
2012
 
% of
Segment
Revenues 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States electrical construction and facilities services
$
98,114

 
7.3
%
 
$
100,736

 
8.3
%
United States mechanical construction and facilities services
93,765

 
4.0
%
 
125,261

 
5.2
%
United States building services
67,225

 
3.7
%
 
43,290

 
2.4
%
United States industrial services
38,763

 
7.5
%
 
37,241

 
9.3
%
Total United States operations
297,867

 
5.0
%
 
306,528

 
5.3
%
United Kingdom building services
13,021

 
3.8
%
 
17,388

 
4.5
%
Corporate administration
(69,891
)
 

 
(63,468
)
 

Restructuring expenses
(647
)
 

 
(145
)
 

Impairment loss on identifiable intangible assets

 

 

 

Total worldwide operations
240,350

 
3.8
%
 
260,303

 
4.2
%
Other corporate items:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense
(8,769
)
 
 

 
(7,275
)
 
 

Interest income
1,128

 
 

 
1,556

 
 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
$
232,709

 
 

 
$
254,584

 
 

As described in more detail below, we had operating income of $240.4 million for 2013 compared to operating income of $260.3 million for 2012.
Operating income of our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $98.1 million compared to operating income of $100.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The decrease in operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily the result of a reduction in gross profit from water and wastewater construction projects, partially offset by an increase in gross profit attributable to commercial, institutional and manufacturing construction projects. Operating income in 2012 also benefited from the resolution of construction claims on a water and wastewater project and a healthcare project, resulting in approximately $9.5 million of gross profit. Selling, general and administrative expenses slightly increased for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to 2012. The decrease in operating margin for the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily the result of a decrease in gross profit margin.
Our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $93.8 million, a $31.5 million decrease compared to operating income of $125.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The results included aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million from one of our subsidiaries at two projects located in the southeastern United States, resulting in a 1.1% impact on this segment’s operating margin. One of these projects was in progress at the time of acquisition of the subsidiary and was completed in 2014. The other project, which was contracted for post-acquisition, had incurred losses principally due to poor performance by one of our subcontractors on the project. This subcontractor was subsequently replaced, and the project was completed. In addition to the effect of these two projects, operating income in 2012 was favorably impacted by gross profit of $24.1 million recognized on a large manufacturing project. Companies acquired in 2013 generated operating losses of approximately $1.0 million, including amortization expense of $0.1 million attributable to identifiable intangible assets for the year ended December 31, 2013. The decrease in operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was partially offset by higher gross profit from commercial construction projects and a decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily due to lower incentive compensation expense. In addition, we recognized for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, $6.7 million and $5.4 million of income attributable to the reversal of contingent consideration accruals relating to acquisitions made prior to 2013. The decrease in operating margin was primarily attributable to a reduction in gross profit margin.
Operating income of our United States building services segment was $67.2 million and $43.3 million in 2013 and 2012, respectively. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to an increase in gross profit from this segment’s: (a) commercial site-based services, partially attributable to an increase in revenues from snow removal and the termination of certain unprofitable contracts, (b) mobile mechanical services, partially as a result of greater project and services revenues and improved

29


job execution, and (c) energy services, as a result of increased gross profits on large project work. The increase in operating income was partially offset by lower gross profit from our government site-based services as a result of a reduction in discretionary government project spending and the loss in 2012 of certain maintenance contracts. Operating income was negatively impacted by an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses, primarily due to: (a) an increase in employee related costs, such as incentive compensation due to improved operating results within certain subsidiaries, and (b) a higher provision for doubtful accounts. The increase in operating margin was primarily the result of an increase in gross profit margin, primarily due to increased margins from our energy services, mobile mechanical services and commercial site-based services operations.
Operating income of our United States industrial services segment for the year ended December 31, 2013 increased by $1.5 million compared to operating income for the year ended December 31, 2012. RSI contributed $3.0 million to operating income, net of $5.7 million of amortization expense attributable to identifiable intangible assets. This increase in operating income was offset by reduced operating income due to a decrease in demand for our turnaround and maintenance services in the refinery market compared to 2012 due to customer scheduling changes. The results of 2012 benefited from the favorable impact of three large non-recurring turnaround and repair projects. The decrease in operating margin was a result of an increase in the ratio of selling, general and administrative expenses to revenues.
Our United Kingdom building services segment’s operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $13.0 million compared to operating income of $17.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2012. The decrease in operating income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was due to lower volume as a result of reduced project activity. The decrease in operating margin was a result of an increase in the ratio of selling, general and administrative expenses to revenues.
Our corporate administration operating loss was $69.9 million for 2013 compared to $63.5 million in 2012. The increase in expenses was primarily due to $6.1 million of transaction costs associated with the RSI acquisition. Also, included in our corporate administration operating loss for 2013 was the receipt of an insurance recovery during our first quarter of approximately $2.6 million associated with a previously disposed of operation, which is classified as a component of “Cost of sales” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Non-operating items
Interest expense was $8.8 million and $7.3 million for 2013 and 2012, respectively. The $1.5 million increase in interest expense for 2013 compared to 2012 was primarily due to increased borrowings as a result of our acquisition of RSI and the acceleration of expense for debt issuance costs associated with the amendment and restatement of our 2011 Credit Agreement (referred to below).
Interest income was $1.1 million and $1.6 million for 2013 and 2012, respectively. The decrease in interest income was primarily related to lower invested cash balances.
For joint ventures that have been accounted for using the consolidation method of accounting, noncontrolling interest represents the allocation of earnings to our joint venture partners who either have a minority-ownership interest in the joint venture or are not at risk for the majority of losses of the joint venture.
Our 2013 income tax provision from continuing operations was $82.3 million compared to $97.9 million for 2012. The actual income tax rates on income from continuing operations before income taxes, less amounts attributable to noncontrolling interests, for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, were 35.9% and 38.8%, respectively. The decrease in the 2013 income tax provision compared to 2012 was primarily due to the effect of reduced income before income taxes, the effect of a change in the United Kingdom statutory tax rate, a change in the mix of earnings among various jurisdictions and the 2013 reversal of reserves for previously unrecognized income tax benefits.

30


Liquidity and Capital Resources
The following table presents net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):

 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
246,657

 
$
150,069

 
$
184,408

Net cash used in investing activities
$
(21,668
)
 
$
(483,422
)
 
$
(42,546
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
$
(229,950
)
 
$
167,031

 
$
(50,587
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
$
(2,796
)
 
$
832

 
$
2,706

Our consolidated cash balance decreased by approximately $7.8 million from $439.8 million at December 31, 2013 to $432.1 million at December 31, 2014. Net cash provided by operating activities for 2014 was $246.7 million compared to $150.1 million of net cash provided by operating activities for 2013. The increase in cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to: (a) a $46.1 million increase in net income, (b) a $30.6 million decrease in our accounts receivable balances and (c) a $16.0 million reduction in income taxes paid, partially offset by a $12.2 million decrease in accounts payable. Net cash used in investing activities was $21.7 million for 2014 compared to net cash used in investing activities of $483.4 million for 2013. The decrease in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to the reduction in payments for acquisitions of businesses. Net cash used in financing activities for 2014 increased by approximately $397.0 million compared to 2013. The increase in net cash used in financing activities was primarily due to an increase of $175.9 million in funds used for the repurchase of common stock, repayment of long-term debt, and payment of regular quarterly dividends to stockholders, partially offset by an increase in proceeds from the exercise of stock options. Cash flows from discontinued operations were immaterial and are not expected to significantly affect future liquidity.

Our consolidated cash balance decreased by approximately $165.5 million from $605.3 million at December 31, 2012 to $439.8 million at December 31, 2013. Net cash provided by operating activities for 2013 was $150.1 million compared to $184.4 million in net cash provided by operating activities for 2012. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities, excluding the effect of businesses acquired, was primarily due to: (a) a $32.2 million reduction in other accrued expenses, primarily due to a reduction in federal taxes payable, (b) a $21.5 million reduction in net income and (c) an $18.3 million reduction in accounts payable, partially offset by a $38.4 million increase in net over-billings, related to the timing of customer billings and payments. Net cash used in investing activities was $483.4 million for 2013 compared to net cash used in investing activities of $42.5 million for 2012. The increase in net cash used in investing activities was primarily due to a $435.9 million increase in payments for acquisitions of businesses. Net cash provided by financing activities for 2013 increased by approximately $217.6 million compared to 2012. The increase in net cash provided by financing activities was primarily due to $350.0 million of long-term debt incurred and a $22.0 million decrease in dividends paid to stockholders, partially offset by a $150.0 million net repayment of our revolving credit facility.
The following is a summary of material contractual obligations and other commercial commitments (in millions):
 
Payments Due by Period
Contractual Obligations 
Total
 
Less
than
1 year 
 
1-3
years
 
3-5
years
 
After
5 years
Term Loan (including interest currently at 1.42%) (1)
$
349.4

 
$
22.2

 
$
43.6

 
$
283.6

 
$

Capital lease obligations
3.0

 
1.6

 
1.3

 
0.1

 

Operating leases
194.3

 
56.7

 
77.1

 
35.5

 
25.0

Open purchase obligations (2)
822.9

 
708.6

 
102.9

 
11.4

 

Other long-term obligations, including current portion (3)
353.7

 
40.5

 
301.5

 
11.7

 

Liabilities related to uncertain income tax positions
5.5

 
3.5

 
1.8

 
0.2

 

Total Contractual Obligations
$
1,728.8

 
$
833.1

 
$
528.2

 
$
342.5

 
$
25.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

31


 
 
Amount of Commitment Expirations by Period 
Other Commercial Commitments
Total
Amounts
Committed 
 
Less
than
1 year
 
1-3
years 
 
3-5
years
 
After
5 years
Letters of credit
$
95.7

 
$
94.8

 
$
0.9

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

_________
 
(1)
On November 25, 2013, we entered into a a $750.0 million revolving credit facility (the “2013 Revolving Credit Facility”) and a $350.0 million term loan (the "Term Loan"), (collectively referred to as the "2013 Credit Agreement"). The proceeds of the Term Loan were used to repay amounts drawn under our previous credit agreement. As of December 31, 2014, the amount outstanding under the Term Loan was $332.5 million.
(2)
Represents open purchase orders for material and subcontracting costs related to construction and service contracts. These purchase orders are not reflected in our consolidated balance sheets and should not impact future cash flows, as amounts should be recovered through customer billings.
(3)
Represents primarily insurance related liabilities and liabilities for deferred income taxes, incentive compensation and earn-out arrangements, classified as other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Cash payments for insurance related liabilities may be payable beyond three years, but it is not practical to estimate these payments. We provide funding to our post retirement plans based on at least the minimum funding required by applicable regulations. In determining the minimum required funding, we utilize current actuarial assumptions and exchange rates to forecast estimates of amounts that may be payable for up to five years in the future. In our judgment, minimum funding estimates beyond a five year time horizon cannot be reliably estimated, and therefore, have not been included in the table.
Until November 25, 2013, we had a revolving credit agreement (the “2011 Credit Agreement”) as amended, which provided for a revolving credit facility of $750.0 million. The 2011 Credit Agreement was effective November 21, 2011. Effective November 25, 2013, we amended and restated the 2011 Credit Agreement to provide for a $750.0 million revolving credit facility (the “2013 Revolving Credit Facility”) and a $350.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”) (collectively referred to as the “2013 Credit Agreement) expiring November 25, 2018. The proceeds of the Term Loan were used to repay amounts drawn under the 2011 Credit Agreement. We may increase the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility to $1.05 billion if additional lenders are identified and/or existing lenders are willing to increase their current commitments. We may allocate up to $250.0 million of available borrowings under the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility to letters of credit for our account or for the account of our subsidiaries. The 2013 Revolving Credit Agreement is guaranteed by most of our direct and indirect subsidiaries and is secured by substantially all of our assets and most of the assets of most of our subsidiaries. The 2013 Revolving Credit Facility and the Term Loan contain various covenants providing for, among other things, maintenance of certain financial ratios and certain limitations on payment of dividends, common stock repurchases, investments, acquisitions, indebtedness and capital expenditures. A commitment fee is payable on the average daily unused amount under the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility, which ranges from 0.20% to 0.30%, based on certain financial tests. The fee was 0.20% of the unused amount as of December 31, 2014. Borrowings under the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility and the Term Loan bear interest at (1) a rate which is the prime commercial lending rate announced by Bank of Montreal from time to time (3.25% at December 31, 2014) plus 0.25% to 0.75%, based on certain financial tests or (2) United States dollar LIBOR (0.17% at December 31, 2014) plus 1.25% to 1.75%, based on certain financial tests. The interest rate in effect at December 31, 2014 was 1.42%. Fees for letters of credit issued under the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility range from 1.25% to 1.75% of the respective face amounts of outstanding letters of credit and are charged based on certain financial tests. We capitalized approximately $3.0 million of debt issuance costs associated with the 2013 Credit Agreement. This amount is being amortized over the life of the agreement and is included as part of interest expense. We are required to make principal payments on the Term Loan in installments on the last day of March, June, September and December of each year, commencing with the calendar quarter ended March 31, 2014, in the amount of $4.4 million, with a final payment of all unpaid principal and interest due and payable on November 25, 2018. As of December 31, 2014, the balance on the Term Loan was $332.5 million. As of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, we had approximately $95.5 million and $83.3 million of letters of credit outstanding, respectively. There were no borrowings outstanding under the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility as of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013.
The terms of our construction contracts frequently require that we obtain from surety companies (“Surety Companies”) and provide to our customers payment and performance bonds (“Surety Bonds”) as a condition to the award of such contracts. The Surety Bonds secure our payment and performance obligations under such contracts, and we have agreed to indemnify the Surety Companies for amounts, if any, paid by them in respect of Surety Bonds issued on our behalf. In addition, at the request of labor unions representing certain of our employees, Surety Bonds are sometimes provided to secure obligations for wages and benefits payable to or for such employees. Public sector contracts require Surety Bonds more frequently than private sector contracts, and

32


accordingly, our bonding requirements typically increase as the amount of public sector work increases. As of December 31, 2014, based on our percentage-of-completion of our projects covered by Surety Bonds, our aggregate estimated exposure, assuming defaults on all our then existing contractual obligations, was approximately $1.1 billion. The Surety Bonds are issued by Surety Companies in return for premiums, which vary depending on the size and type of bond.
From time to time, we discuss with our current and other Surety Bond providers the amounts of Surety Bonds that may be available to us based on our financial strength and the absence of any default by us on any Surety Bond issued on our behalf and believe those amounts are adequate for our needs. However, if we experience changes in our bonding relationships or if there are adverse changes in the surety industry, we may seek to satisfy certain customer requests for Surety Bonds by posting other forms of collateral in lieu of Surety Bonds such as letters of credit, parent company guarantees or cash, seeking to convince customers to forego the requirement for Surety Bonds, by increasing our activities in our business segments that rarely require Surety Bonds such as our building and industrial services segments, and/or by refraining from bidding for certain projects that require Surety Bonds. There can be no assurance that we would be able to effectuate alternatives to providing Surety Bonds to our customers or to obtain, on favorable terms, sufficient additional work that does not require Surety Bonds to replace projects requiring Surety Bonds that we may decide not to pursue. Accordingly, if we were to experience a reduction in the availability of Surety Bonds, we could experience a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.
Occasionally in the ordinary course of business, we guarantee obligations of our subsidiaries under certain contracts. Generally, we are liable under such an arrangement only if our subsidiary fails to perform its obligations under the contract. Historically, we have not incurred any substantial liabilities as a consequence of these guarantees.
We do not have any other material financial guarantees or off-balance sheet arrangements other than those disclosed herein.
We are a party to lawsuits and other proceedings in which other parties seek to recover from us amounts ranging from a few thousand dollars to over $10.0 million. We do not believe that any such matters will have a materially adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
On September 26, 2011, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase up to $100.0 million of our outstanding common stock. On December 5, 2013 and October 23, 2014, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase up to an additional $100.0 million and $250.0 million of our outstanding common stock, respectively. During 2014, we repurchased approximately 4.8 million shares of our common stock for approximately $206.0 million. Since the inception of the repurchase programs through December 31, 2014, we have repurchased 7.6 million shares of our common stock for approximately $283.5 million. As of December 31, 2014, there remained authorization for us to repurchase approximately $166.5 million of our shares. The repurchase programs do not obligate the Company to acquire any particular amount of common stock and may be suspended, recommenced or discontinued at any time or from time to time without prior notice. Repurchases may be made from time to time to the extent permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements, including provisions in our credit agreement placing limitations on such repurchases. The repurchase programs have been and will be funded from our operations.
We have paid quarterly dividends since October 25, 2011. At the December 7, 2012 meeting of our Board of Directors, the regular quarterly dividend that would have been paid in January 2013 was declared, its amount increased to $0.06 per share and the payment date accelerated to December 28, 2012. During 2013, we paid a regular quarterly dividend of $0.06 per share in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2013. In December 2013, our Board of Directors announced its intention to increase our regular quarterly dividend to $0.08 per share commencing with the dividend to be paid in the first quarter of 2014, and that dividend was paid in each of the four quarters of 2014. We expect that such quarterly dividends will be paid in the foreseeable future. Our 2013 Credit Agreement places limitations on the payment of dividends on our common stock. However, we do not believe that the terms of this agreement currently materially limit our ability to pay a quarterly dividend of $0.08 per share for the foreseeable future. The payment of dividends has been and will be funded from our operations.
Our primary source of liquidity has been, and is expected to continue to be, cash generated by operating activities. We also maintain our 2013 Revolving Credit Facility that may be utilized, among other things, to meet short-term liquidity needs in the event cash generated by operating activities is insufficient or to enable us to seize opportunities to participate in joint ventures or to make acquisitions that may require access to cash on short notice or for any other reason. However, negative macroeconomic trends may have an adverse effect on liquidity. Short-term liquidity is also impacted by the type and length of construction contracts in place and large turnaround activities in our United States industrial services segment that are billed in arrears pursuant to contractual terms that are standard within this industry. During economic downturns, there have been typically fewer small discretionary projects from the private sector, and our competitors have aggressively bid larger long-term infrastructure and public sector contracts. Performance of long duration contracts typically requires greater amounts of working capital. While we strive to maintain a net over-billed position with our customers, there can be no assurance that a net over-billed position can be maintained. Our net over-billings, defined as the balance sheet accounts “Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts” less “Cost and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts”, were $265.4 million and $290.6 million as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

33


Long-term liquidity requirements can be expected to be met initially through cash generated from operating activities and our 2013 Revolving Credit Facility. Based upon our current credit ratings and financial position, we can reasonably expect to be able to incur long-term debt to fund acquisitions. Over the long term, our primary revenue risk factor continues to be the level of demand for non-residential construction services and building and industrial services, which is influenced by macroeconomic trends including interest rates and governmental economic policy. In addition, our ability to perform work is critical to meeting long-term liquidity requirements.
We believe that our current cash balances and our borrowing capacity available under our 2013 Revolving Credit Facility or other forms of financing available to us through borrowings, combined with cash expected to be generated from operations, will be sufficient to provide our short-term and foreseeable long-term liquidity and meet our expected capital expenditure requirements.
Certain Insurance Matters
As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, we utilized approximately $94.6 million and $83.3 million, respectively, of letters of credit obtained under our 2013 Revolving Credit Facility as collateral for insurance obligations.
New Accounting Pronouncements
We review new accounting standards to determine the expected financial impact, if any, that the adoption of such standards will have. See Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for further information regarding new accounting standards, including the anticipated dates of adoption and the effects on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Our consolidated financial statements are based on the application of significant accounting policies, which require management to make significant estimates and assumptions. Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Form 10-K. We believe that some of the more critical judgment areas in the application of accounting policies that affect our financial condition and results of operations are the impact of changes in the estimates and judgments pertaining to: (a) revenue recognition from (i) long-term construction contracts for which the percentage-of-completion method of accounting is used and (ii) services contracts; (b) collectibility or valuation of accounts receivable; (c) insurance liabilities; (d) income taxes; and (e) goodwill and identifiable intangible assets.
Revenue Recognition from Long-term Construction Contracts and Services Contracts
We believe our most critical accounting policy is revenue recognition from long-term construction contracts for which we use the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. Percentage-of-completion accounting is the prescribed method of accounting for long-term contracts in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 605-35, “Revenue Recognition-Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”, and, accordingly, is the method used for revenue recognition within our industry. Percentage-of-completion is measured principally by the percentage of costs incurred to date for each contract to the estimated total costs for such contract at completion. Certain of our electrical contracting business units measure percentage-of-completion by the percentage of labor costs incurred to date for each contract to the estimated total labor costs for such contract. Pre-contract costs from our construction projects are generally expensed as incurred. Application of percentage-of-completion accounting results in the recognition of costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheets arise when revenues have been recognized but the amounts cannot be billed under the terms of contracts. Such amounts are recoverable from customers based upon various measures of performance, including achievement of certain milestones, completion of specified units or completion of a contract.
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts also include amounts we seek or will seek to collect from customers or others for errors or changes in contract specifications or design, contract change orders in dispute or unapproved as to both scope and price or other customer-related causes of unanticipated additional contract costs (claims and unapproved change orders). Such amounts are recorded at estimated net realizable value and take into account factors that may affect our ability to bill and ultimately collect unbilled revenues. The profit associated with claim amounts is not recognized until the claim has been settled and payment has been received. There was no significant profit recognized from settlements or payment of claims in 2014 and 2013. As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts included unbilled revenues for unapproved change orders of approximately $18.8 million and $19.2 million, respectively, and claims of approximately $3.0 million and $0.4 million, respectively. In addition, accounts receivable as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 included claims of approximately $2.3 million and $2.9 million, respectively. In addition, there are contractually billed amounts and retention related to such contracts of approximately $54.0 million and $56.1 million as of December 31, 2014 and

34


2013, respectively. Generally, contractually billed amounts will not be paid by the customer to us until final resolution of related claims. Due to uncertainties inherent in estimates employed in applying percentage-of-completion accounting, estimates may be revised as project work progresses. Application of percentage-of-completion accounting requires that the impact of revised estimates be reported prospectively in the consolidated financial statements. In addition to revenue recognition for long-term construction contracts, we recognize revenues from the performance of services for maintenance, repair and retrofit work consistent with the performance of the services, which are generally on a pro-rata basis over the life of the contractual arrangement. Expenses related to all services arrangements are recognized as incurred. Revenues related to the engineering, manufacturing and repairing of shell and tube heat exchangers are recognized when the product is shipped and all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. Costs related to this work are included in inventory until the product is shipped. Provisions for the entirety of estimated losses on contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. During 2013, we recognized aggregate losses of approximately $24.5 million associated with two contracts within the United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment as a result of a change in contract estimates. There were no significant losses recognized in 2014.
Accounts Receivable
We are required to estimate the collectibility of accounts receivable. A considerable amount of judgment is required in assessing the likelihood of realization of receivables. Relevant assessment factors include the creditworthiness of the customer, our prior collection history with the customer and related aging of past due balances. The provision for doubtful accounts during 2014, 2013 and 2012 amounted to approximately $2.9 million, $3.5 million and $1.2 million, respectively. At December 31, 2014 and 2013, our accounts receivable of $1,234.2 million and $1,268.2 million, respectively, included allowances for doubtful accounts of $10.4 million and $11.9 million, respectively. The decrease in our allowance for doubtful accounts was primarily due to the write-off of accounts receivable against the allowance for doubtful accounts. Specific accounts receivable are evaluated when we believe a customer may not be able to meet its financial obligations due to deterioration of its financial condition or its credit ratings. The allowance for doubtful accounts requirements are based on the best facts available and are re-evaluated and adjusted on a regular basis as additional information is received.
Insurance Liabilities
We have loss payment deductibles for certain workers’ compensation, automobile liability, general liability and property claims, have self-insured retentions for certain other casualty claims and are self-insured for employee-related health care claims. Losses are recorded based upon estimates of our liability for claims incurred and for claims incurred but not reported. The liabilities are derived from known facts, historical trends and industry averages utilizing the assistance of an actuary to determine the best estimate for the majority of these obligations. We believe the liabilities recognized on our balance sheets for these obligations are adequate. However, such obligations are difficult to assess and estimate due to numerous factors, including severity of injury, determination of liability in proportion to other parties, timely reporting of occurrences and effectiveness of safety and risk management programs. Therefore, if our actual experience differs from the assumptions and estimates used for recording the liabilities, adjustments may be required and will be recorded in the period that the experience becomes known. Our estimated insurance liabilities for workers’ compensation, automobile liability, general liability and property claims decreased by $6.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to the year ended December 31, 2013, primarily due to a reduction in estimated losses as a result of favorable claims experience. If our estimated insurance liabilities for workers’ compensation, automobile liability, general liability and property claims were to increase by 10%, it would have resulted in $13.5 million of additional expense for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Income Taxes
We had net deferred income tax liabilities at December 31, 2014 and 2013 of $127.8 million and $126.8 million, respectively, primarily resulting from differences between the carrying value and income tax basis of certain identifiable intangible assets and depreciable fixed assets, which will impact our taxable income in future periods. Included within our net deferred income tax liabilities are $114.2 million and $117.1 million of deferred income tax assets as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. A valuation allowance is required when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred income tax asset will not be realized. As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, the total valuation allowance on deferred income tax assets, related solely to state net operating carryforwards, was approximately $2.0 million and $2.2 million, respectively. We have determined that as of December 31, 2014, a valuation allowance was not required on any of the remaining deferred tax assets because of significant deferred tax liabilities, exclusive of the deferred tax liabilities related to indefinite-lived intangible assets, and projected future income.
Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets
As of December 31, 2014, we had $834.1 million and $502.1 million, respectively, of goodwill and net identifiable intangible assets (primarily consisting of our contract backlog, developed technology/vendor network, customer relationships, non-competition agreements and trade names), primarily arising out of the acquisition of companies. As of December 31, 2013,

35


goodwill and net identifiable intangible assets were $834.8 million and $541.5 million, respectively. The changes to goodwill since December 31, 2013 were primarily related to the sale of a subsidiary in January 2014 and finalization of the purchase price allocation for an acquisition made in 2013. The determination of related estimated useful lives for identifiable intangible assets and whether those assets are impaired involves significant judgments based upon short and long-term projections of future performance. These forecasts reflect assumptions regarding the ability to successfully integrate acquired companies, as well as macroeconomic conditions. ASC Topic 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other” (“ASC 350”) requires goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets with indefinite useful lives not be amortized, but instead tested at least annually for impairment (which we test each October 1, absent any impairment indicators), and be written down if impaired. ASC 350 requires that goodwill be allocated to its respective reporting unit and that identifiable intangible assets with finite lives be amortized over their useful lives.
We test for impairment of our goodwill at the reporting unit level. Our reporting units are consistent with the reportable segments identified in Note 17, “Segment Information”, of the notes to consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. In assessing whether our goodwill is impaired, we utilize the two-step process as prescribed by ASC 350. The first step of this test compares the fair value of the reporting unit, determined based upon discounted estimated future cash flows, to the carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value exceeds the carrying amount, no further work is required and no impairment loss is recognized. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value, the goodwill of the reporting unit is potentially impaired and step two of the goodwill impairment test would need to be performed to measure the amount of an impairment loss, if any. In the second step, the impairment is computed by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of the goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill is greater than the implied fair value of its goodwill, an impairment loss in the amount of the excess is recognized and charged to operations. The weighted average cost of capital used in our annual testing for impairment as of October 1, 2014 was 12.2%, 12.8% and 11.2% for our domestic construction segments, our United States building services segment and our United States industrial services segment, respectively. The perpetual growth rate used for our annual testing was 2.7% for all of our domestic segments. Unfavorable changes in these key assumptions may affect future testing results and cause us to fail step one of the goodwill impairment testing process. For example, keeping all other assumptions constant, a 50 basis point increase in the weighted average costs of capital would cause the estimated fair value of our United Stated industrial services segment to approach its carrying value. A 50 basis point increase in the weighted average costs of capital would not significantly reduce the excess of the estimated fair value compared to the carrying value for any of our other domestic segments. In addition, keeping all other assumptions constant, a 50 basis point reduction in the perpetual growth rate would not significantly reduce the excess of the estimated fair value compared to the carrying value for any of our domestic segments. For the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, no impairment of our goodwill was recognized.
As of December 31, 2014, we had $834.1 million of goodwill on our balance sheet and, of this amount, approximately 46.1% relates to our United States industrial services segment, approximately 27.4% relates to our United States building services segment, approximately 26.0% relates to our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment and approximately 0.5% relates to our United States electrical construction and facilities services segment. As of the date of our latest impairment test, the carrying values of our United States industrial services, United States building services, United States mechanical construction and facilities services and United States electrical construction and facilities services segments were approximately $748.1 million, $474.3 million, $261.4 million and $60.4 million, respectively. The fair values of our United States industrial services, United States building services, United States mechanical construction and facilities services and United States electrical construction and facilities services segments exceeded their carrying values by approximately $48.7 million, $129.7 million, $598.0 million and $523.2 million, respectively.
We also test for the impairment of trade names that are not subject to amortization by calculating the fair value using the “relief from royalty payments” methodology. This approach involves two steps: (a) estimating reasonable royalty rates for each trade name and (b) applying these royalty rates to a net revenue stream and discounting the resulting cash flows to determine fair value. This fair value is then compared with the carrying value of each trade name. If the carrying amount of the trade name is greater than the implied fair value of the trade name, an impairment in the amount of the excess is recognized and charged to operations. The annual impairment review of our trade names for the year ended December 31, 2014 resulted in a $1.5 million non-cash impairment charge as a result of a change in the fair value of subsidiary trade names associated with certain prior acquisitions reported within our United States mechanical construction and facilities services segment and our United States building services segment. For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, no impairment of our trade names was recognized.
In addition, we review for the impairment of other identifiable intangible assets that are being amortized whenever facts and circumstances indicate that their carrying values may not be fully recoverable. This test compares their carrying values to the undiscounted pre-tax cash flows expected to result from the use of the assets. If the assets are impaired, the assets are written down to their fair values, generally determined based on their future discounted cash flows. For the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, no impairment of our other identifiable intangible assets was recognized.

36


We have certain businesses, particularly within our United States industrial services segment, whose results are highly impacted by the demand for some of our offerings within the industrial and oil and gas markets. Future performance of this segment, along with a continued evaluation of the conditions of its end user markets, will be important to ongoing impairment assessments. Prolonged volatility in crude oil prices may have a negative impact on future fair value assessments of this segment. Should its actual results suffer a decline or expected future results be revised downward, the risk of goodwill impairment or impairment of other identifiable intangible assets would increase.
Our development of the present value of future cash flow projections used in impairment testing is based upon assumptions and estimates by management from a review of our operating results, business plans, anticipated growth rates and margins and weighted average cost of capital, among others. Those assumptions and estimates can change in future periods, and other factors used in assessing fair value are outside the control of management, such as interest rates. There can be no assurances that estimates and assumptions made for purposes of our goodwill and identifiable intangible asset impairment testing will prove to be accurate predictions of the future. If our assumptions regarding future business performance or anticipated growth rates and/or margins are not achieved, or there is a rise in interest rates, we may be required to record further goodwill and/or identifiable intangible asset impairment charges in future periods. It is not possible at this time to determine if any such future impairment charge would result or, if it does, whether such a charge would be material.
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We have not used any derivative financial instruments during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, including trading or speculating on changes in interest rates or commodity prices of materials used in our business.
We are exposed to market risk for changes in interest rates for borrowings under the 2013 Credit Agreement, which provides for a revolving credit facility and a term loan. Borrowings under the 2013 Credit Agreement bear interest at variable rates. For further information on borrowing rates and interest rate sensitivity, refer to the Liquidity and Capital Resources discussion in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. As of December 31, 2014, there were no borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility and the balance on the term loan was $332.5 million. Based on the $332.5 million borrowings outstanding under the 2013 Credit Agreement, if overall interest rates were to increase by 25 basis points, interest expense, net of income taxes, would increase by approximately $0.5 million in the next twelve months. Conversely, if overall interest rates were to decrease by 25 basis points, interest expense, net of income taxes, would decrease by approximately $0.5 million in the next twelve months.
We are also exposed to construction market risk and its potential related impact on accounts receivable or costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts. The amounts recorded may be at risk if our customers’ ability to pay these obligations is negatively impacted by economic conditions. We continually monitor the creditworthiness of our customers and maintain on-going discussions with customers regarding contract status with respect to change orders and billing terms. Therefore, we believe we take appropriate action to manage market and other risks, but there is no assurance that we will be able to reasonably identify all risks with respect to collectibility of these assets. See also the previous discussions of Revenue Recognition from Long-term Construction Contracts and Services Contracts and Accounts Receivable under Application of Critical Accounting Policies in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Amounts invested in our foreign operations are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect at year end. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded as accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income, a component of equity, in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. We believe the exposure to the effects that fluctuating foreign currencies may have on our consolidated results of operations is limited because the foreign operations primarily invoice customers and collect obligations in their respective local currencies. Additionally, expenses associated with these transactions are generally contracted and paid for in their same local currencies.
In addition, we are exposed to market risk of fluctuations in certain commodity prices of materials, such as copper and steel, which are used as components of supplies or materials utilized in our construction and building and industrial services operations. We are also exposed to increases in energy prices, particularly as they relate to gasoline prices for our fleet of over 8,500 vehicles. While we believe we can increase our prices to adjust for some price increases in commodities, there can be no assurance that price increases of commodities, if they were to occur, would be recoverable. Additionally, our fixed price contracts do not allow us to adjust our prices and, as a result, increases in material or fuel costs could reduce our profitability with respect to projects in progress.

37


ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
EMCOR Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
December 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
432,056

 
$
439,813

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $10,424 and $11,890, respectively
1,234,187

 
1,268,226

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
103,201

 
90,727

Inventories
46,854

 
52,123

Prepaid expenses and other
70,305

 
79,216

Total current assets
1,886,603

 
1,930,105

Investments, notes and other long-term receivables
9,122

 
6,799

Property, plant and equipment, net
122,178

 
123,414

Goodwill
834,102

 
834,825

Identifiable intangible assets, net
502,060

 
541,497

Other assets
34,902

 
29,275

Total assets
$
3,388,967

 
$
3,465,915

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
$

 
$

Current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
19,041

 
19,332

Accounts payable
460,478

 
487,738

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
368,555

 
381,295

Accrued payroll and benefits
245,854

 
237,779

Other accrued expenses and liabilities
189,489

 
172,599

Total current liabilities
1,283,417

 
1,298,743

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations
316,399

 
335,331

Other long-term obligations
359,764

 
352,215

Total liabilities
1,959,580

 
1,986,289

Equity:
 
 
 
EMCOR Group, Inc. stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, zero issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 63,641,070 and 67,627,359 shares issued, respectively
636

 
676

Capital surplus
227,885

 
408,083

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(83,197
)
 
(65,777
)
Retained earnings
1,280,991

 
1,133,873

Treasury stock, at cost 659,841 and 730,841 shares, respectively
(10,302
)
 
(10,590
)
Total EMCOR Group, Inc. stockholders’ equity
1,416,013

 
1,466,265

Noncontrolling interests
13,374

 
13,361

Total equity
1,429,387

 
1,479,626

Total liabilities and equity
$
3,388,967

 
$
3,465,915

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

38


EMCOR Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
For The Years Ended December 31,
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Revenues
$
6,424,965

 
$
6,333,527

 
$
6,195,494

Cost of sales
5,517,719

 
5,511,881

 
5,391,515

Gross profit
907,246

 
821,646

 
803,979

Selling, general and administrative expenses
626,478

 
580,649

 
543,531

Restructuring expenses
1,168

 
647

 
145

Impairment loss on identifiable intangible assets
1,471

 

 

Gain on sale of building
11,749

 

 

Operating income
289,878

 
240,350

 
260,303

Interest expense
(9,075
)
 
(8,769
)
 
(7,275
)
Interest income
842

 
1,128

 
1,556

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
281,645

 
232,709

 
254,584

Income tax provision
103,528

 
82,286

 
97,894

Income from continuing operations
178,117

 
150,423

 
156,690

Loss from discontinued operation, net of income taxes
(4,690
)
 
(23,069
)
 
(7,804
)
Net income including noncontrolling interests
173,427

 
127,354

 
148,886

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(4,763
)
 
(3,562
)
 
(2,302
)
Net income attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc.
$
168,664

 
$
123,792

 
$
146,584

Basic earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
From continuing operations attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc. common stockholders
$
2.61

 
$
2.19

 
$
2.32

From discontinued operation
(0.07
)
 
(0.34
)
 
(0.12
)
Net income attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc. common stockholders
$
2.54

 
$
1.85

 
$
2.20

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
From continuing operations attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc. common stockholders
$
2.59

 
$
2.16

 
$
2.28

From discontinued operation
(0.07
)
 
(0.34
)
 
(0.12
)
Net income attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc. common stockholders
$
2.52

 
$
1.82

 
$
2.16

Dividends declared per common share
$
0.32

 
$
0.18

 
$
0.51

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.



39


EMCOR Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For The Years Ended December 31,
(In thousands)

 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Net income including noncontrolling interests
$
173,427

 
$
127,354

 
$
148,886

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(957
)
 
(614
)
 
120

Changes in post retirement plans (1)
(16,463
)
 
15,877

 
(2,511
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
(17,420
)
 
15,263

 
(2,391
)
Comprehensive income
156,007

 
142,617

 
146,495

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to the noncontrolling interests
(4,763
)
 
(3,562
)
 
(2,302
)
Comprehensive income attributable to EMCOR Group, Inc.
$
151,244

 
$
139,055

 
$
144,193

_________________
(1)
Net of tax benefit (provision) of $4.2 million, $(4.3) million and $0.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.



40


EMCOR Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For The Years Ended December 31,
(In thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Cash flows - operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income including noncontrolling interests
$
173,427

 
$
127,354

 
$
148,886

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
36,524

 
36,310

 
31,204

Amortization of identifiable intangible assets
37,966

 
31,028

 
29,762

Provision for doubtful accounts
2,918

 
3,533

 
1,163

Deferred income taxes
5,748

 
11,857

 
6,626

Loss on sale of subsidiary
608

 

 

Gain on sale of building
(11,749
)
 

 

(Gain) loss on sale of property, plant and equipment
(4,920
)
 
(903
)
 
272

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
(8,264
)
 
(4,624
)
 
(7,083
)
Equity income from unconsolidated entities
(1,440
)
 
(1,048
)
 
(930
)
Non-cash expense for amortization of debt issuance costs
1,263

 
1,497

 
1,212

Non-cash expense (income) from contingent consideration arrangements
606

 
(6,793
)
 
(6,381
)
Non-cash expense for impairment of identifiable intangible assets
1,471

 

 

Non-cash share-based compensation expense
8,121

 
6,943

 
6,766

Non-cash expense (income) from changes in unrecognized income tax benefits
2,143

 
(10,539
)
 
5,946

Distributions from unconsolidated entities
1,767

 
679

 
887

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effect of businesses acquired:
 
 
 
 
 
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable
27,409

 
(3,221
)
 
(12,852
)
Decrease (increase) in inventories
5,269

 
(865
)
 
(5,597
)
(Increase) decrease in costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts
(13,010
)
 
2,807

 
24,126

(Decrease) increase in accounts payable
(25,122
)
 
(12,904
)
 
5,425

Decrease in billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts
(11,868
)
 
(2,793
)
 
(62,533
)
Increase (decrease) in accrued payroll and benefits and other accrued expenses and liabilities
32,340

 
(14,761
)
 
24,345

Changes in other assets and liabilities, net
(14,550
)
 
(13,488
)
 
(6,836
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
246,657

 
150,069

 
184,408

Cash flows - investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Payments for acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired

 
(454,671
)
 
(20,613
)
Proceeds from sale of subsidiary
1,108

 

 

Proceeds from sale of building
11,885

 

 

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
7,239

 
2,930

 
3,070

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(38,035
)
 
(35,497
)
 
(37,875
)
Investments in and advances to unconsolidated entities and joint ventures
(3,865
)
 
(800
)
 

Purchase of short-term investments

 

 
(22,433
)
Maturity of short-term investments

 
4,616

 
35,305

Net cash used in investing activities
(21,668
)
 
(483,422
)
 
(42,546
)
Cash flows - financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from revolving credit facility

 
250,000

 

Repayments of revolving credit facility

 
(400,000
)
 

Borrowings from long-term debt

 
350,000

 

Repayments of long-term debt and debt issuance costs
(17,454
)
 
(3,013
)
 
(40
)
Repayments of capital lease obligations
(1,715
)
 
(1,692
)
 
(1,978
)
Dividends paid to stockholders
(21,293
)
 
(12,080
)
 
(34,073
)
Repurchase of common stock
(201,994
)
 
(26,070
)
 
(23,912
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
6,858

 
5,172

 
8,786

Payments to satisfy minimum tax withholding
(1,481
)
 
(927
)
 
(1,654
)
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
3,615

 
2,854

 
2,549

Payments for contingent consideration arrangements

 
(537
)
 
(5,748
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(4,750
)
 
(1,300
)
 
(1,600
)