10-K 1 a17-1137_110k.htm 10-K

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-K

 

x                Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

 

OR

 

o                   Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the transition period from              to

 

Commission File Number: 001-34261

 

EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

84-1010843

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

9777 Pyramid Court, Suite 100, Englewood, Colorado

 

80112

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(303) 802-1000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, Par Value $0.001 Per Share

 

The Nasdaq Capital Market

(Title of Class)

 

(Name of exchange on which registered)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o  No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes o  No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

The aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the last sale price of the Common Stock reported on the Nasdaq Capital Market, was approximately $43.9 million as of June 30, 2016.

 

The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding was 12,462,692 as of March 23, 2017.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The information required by Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) is incorporated by reference to portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for the 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of the 2016 year.  Except as expressly incorporated by reference, the Proxy Statement shall not be deemed to be a part of this report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 



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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

Annual Report on Form 10-K

For the year ended December 31, 2016

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I

 

Item 1

Business

1

Item 1A

Risk Factors

6

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

15

Item 2

Properties

15

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

15

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

15

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

15

Item 6

Selected Financial Data

17

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

28

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

30

 

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

30

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

31

 

Consolidated Statements of Income

32

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

33

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

34

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

35

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

36

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

57

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

57

Item 9B

Other Information

57

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

58

Item 11

Executive Compensation

58

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

58

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

58

Item 14

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

58

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

58

Item 16

Form 10-K Summary

60

 

Signatures

61

 



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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Except for the historical information contained in this document, this report contains forward-looking statements that have been made pursuant to the provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results and assumptions. These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “believes,” “goals,” “projects,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “strategy,” “plan,” variations of these words and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions regarding product, services, and customer support revenue; our expectations associated with Evolving Systems Labs, Evolving Systems India, Evolving Systems U.K. and Evolving Systems NC, Inc., and short- and long-term cash needs, and are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause our actual results to differ materially from those discussed here. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to those discussed in the sections entitled “Business,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors.” We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Evolving Systems is a leader in real-time analytics, activation and consumer engagement marketing.  The company’s software solutions and managed services are deployed at over 75 mobile service providers in 50 countries worldwide where they accelerate customer acquisition and activation, upsell services, improve subscriber loyalty and monetize consumer information throughout their lifecycle.

 

The acquisition of RateIntegration, Inc. d/b/a Sixth Sense Media (“SSM”) in 2015 accelerated the company’s entry into the high value mobile marketing space and also initiated the transition from a traditional software license model to a recurring revenue model based on managed services.

 

The company has moved from selling technology to offering business solutions. The value proposition likewise has moved away from cost savings to a focus on revenue increases for the carrier and our business model has moved from classic capex license and services to opex models based on managed services with performance fees.

 

We offer managed services and solutions in the following core areas:

 

·                  Subscriber Acquisition and Activation solutions used to sign up new subscribers and to activate complex bundles of voice, video and data services for traditional and next generation wireless, wireline and cable networks;

·                  Mobile Analytics, Engagement and Upsell enables carrier marketing departments to innovate, execute and manage highly-personalized and contextually-relevant, interactive campaigns that engage consumers in real time;

·                  Retention, Loyalty and Fulfilment solutions that reduce subscriber churn, encourage service usage, and reward subscribers with value from the carrier and from loyalty program partners;

·                  Consumer Information Monetization enables mobile service providers to monetize their consumer information and context through the up-selling of digital services like games and apps and mobile advertising.

 

We previously reported the operations of our business as two operating segments based on revenue type: license and services revenue and customer support revenue.  In order to report results consistent with our new business solutions model, we now report our operations as one segment since we are packaging multiple products and services into offerings for carriers. We report geographic information based upon revenue and long-lived assets in the United States, United Kingdom and all other foreign countries as a group.  Further information regarding our operating segments and geographical information is contained in Note 12 to our Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

COMPANY BACKGROUND

 

Evolving Systems was founded in 1985 to provide software and services to the U.S. telecommunications industry.  During our early years our product focus was on solutions that supported number management and number porting. In November 2004, we expanded our product set and geographical reach with the acquisition of Tertio Telecoms Ltd. (“Evolving Systems U.K.”), a supplier of Operations Support Systems (“OSS”) software solutions for service activation and mediation to communication carriers throughout

 

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Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. With this acquisition we not only expanded our markets beyond North America, we also added service activation and billing mediation solutions to our product portfolio. The acquisition significantly expanded our product and service capabilities, allowing us to address a larger portion of our customers’ OSS application needs with a balanced mix of products as well as services.  We currently focus primarily on the wireless markets in the areas of mobile marketing analytics, subscriber activation, SIM card management and activation, self—service mobile applications, data enablement solutions, connected device activation and management of services.

 

On October 24, 2013 we acquired privately held Telespree Communications (“Telespree”), now known as Evolving Systems Labs, Inc. (“Evolving Systems Labs”), for an initial payment of approximately $1.6 million, comprised of approximately $0.8 million in cash and approximately $0.8 million in stock.  There was an earn-out provision whereby we potentially would have made additional payments in cash on the achievement of certain financial targets for the period from October 25, 2013 through October 24, 2016.  This provision was not achieved and was recognized as other income in 2016.  In addition, there is a final payment of $0.5 million to be made subject to reduction for certain claims.  The final payment has not been made as of the date of this Form 10-K was filed.  The acquisition included technology used in the delivery and management of mobile data services and a portfolio of SaaS based solutions.

 

On September 30, 2015, we acquired privately held SSM, now known as Evolving Systems NC, Inc. (“Evolving Systems NC”) for an initial cash payment totaling approximately $9.75 million, plus customary working capital adjustments, and we agreed to make a payment of $250,000 on the one year anniversary of the transaction, with such payment being available to secure SSM’s representations and warranties under the acquisition agreement. The acquisition included SSM’s software solution, RLM, a platform which enables carrier marketing departments to innovate, execute and manage highly-personalized and contextually-relevant, interactive campaigns that engage consumers in real time as well as a platform for Customer Loyalty and Retention.  The final payment has not been made as of the date this Form 10-K was filed due to pending resolution of outstanding claims.

 

INDUSTRY DYNAMICS

 

The market for mobile marketing analytics, communications activation and provisioning solutions is constantly changing. Several key factors are driving carrier demand for next generation solutions, supporting growth for specific products within the sector:

 

·                      Carriers seeking to further monetize their customer relationships and associated demographic, behavioral, location and contextual information to up-sell their network services and open new channels for optimized and personalized third-party service revenues;

·                      Rapid adoption of smart phones and network-attached devices, driving increased usage of mobile data;

·                      On-going network investment to provide vastly improved delivery speeds and capacity (Long Term Evolution, or “LTE”/4G);

·                      Pricing pressure within the telecom industry driven by relatively flat subscriber growth, network upgrade costs, subscriber churn, and increased competition from traditional and new market entrants such as Over-the-Top (“OTT”) services both in the developed and emerging markets; and

·                      Adoption of the connected device and M2M markets.

 

Today, carriers are compelled to offer a growing array of services to deliver personalized and differentiated user experiences, reduce subscriber churn and maintain or grow market share. These value-added services have to be delivered to the market in ever shorter windows as competitive pressure has increased the velocity at which carriers deliver new products and services. To achieve these objectives, operators are increasingly reliant on flexible service enablement solutions that offer a myriad of options for their subscribers.

 

As network migrations to 4G/LTE accelerate and subscribers continue to drive growth in mobile solutions, the SIM card has emerged as a vital link in the telecom value chain. Capability, such as that provided by Evolving Systems’ Subscriber Activation solution for dynamically activating and managing the SIM card, is becoming an important component in the operators’ infrastructure, both to reduce operating costs associated with the provisioning of SIM cards, as well as to improve the end-user experience.

 

We are a pioneer and leader in this market and believe we are well-positioned to maintain our leadership role in this growth segment.  To date our Subscriber Activation solution has activated over half a billion SIM cards, providing enhanced functionality and significant operator savings.  Our Mobile Analytics, Engagement, Upsell and Retention solutions are connecting with over 300 million subscribers around the world.

 

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SOLUTIONS PORTFOLIO

 

Acquisition and Activation

 

Our Subscriber Acquisition and Activation solutions support carriers in adding new subscribers to their network, from the sales and contract process through to the allocation of network and service resources and the activation of services to the mobile device.

 

·                  Smart Dealer provides SIM retailers with a tool set that enables them to sell SIM cards efficiently and effectively. With Smart Dealer, the operator is able to communicate and guide dealers towards using the latest promotions, enabling instant reactions to competitor activities.  Smart Dealer captures subscriber details for “Know Your Customer” prepaid registration, including biometric data, using standard, low cost devices.

 

·                  Dynamic SIM AllocationTM is a SIM Activation solution which is integrated into the carrier’s signaling network, enabling new SIM cards that have not been pre-provisioned to be detected on first use. This triggers an efficient, dynamic provisioning process and eliminates the need for pre-provisioning, thus lowering the operator’s costs of subscriber acquisition. The SIM activation occurs only when a SIM card is first used. During the activation process, the solution enables an on-device interaction with the end-user, delivering a differentiated user-experience, reducing customer churn and boosting revenue for the carrier.

 

·                  Tertio® Service Activation is used by carriers to activate a new subscriber or to add a new service to an existing subscriber.  Our solution provides a flexible operating environment for carriers to manage their voice, data, and content service needs for both their traditional and broadband IP networks. It provides a point of flexibility in the carrier’s OSS/BSS architecture, allowing fast introduction of new network technologies and easing the burden of integration with existing devices and systems. Service providers who use our Tertio solution can better plan, manage and execute the introduction of new services.

 

·                  Number Inventory and Management  is a scalable and fully automated solution that enables operators to reliably and efficiently manage their telephone numbers (i.e. SIMs, MSISDNs, IMSIs, Integrated Circuit Card Identifiers (“ICCIDs”) as well as other communication identifiers such as Uniform Resource Locators or (“URLs”) and email addresses. Our solution focuses on the automation of all number resource management processes, allowing operators to adhere to regulatory requirements and effectively manage the lifecycle of telephone numbers, as well as benefit from time savings and reduced costs.

 

Analytics, Engagement and Upsell

 

Our Analytics, Engagement and Upsell solutions empower marketing departments to create and deploy highly personalized, location and contextually relevant, interactive customer engagement campaigns. The platform monitors customer events and behavioural patterns in real-time, building a profile of each subscriber. When the right conditions are met, the platform pushes the best match or a personalized offer or ad to the customer.

 

Compared with many other marketing campaign management systems, our solution more accurately targets marketing messages and campaigns that drive incremental revenue more quickly.

 

·                  The Profiling Engine supports static as well as ongoing dynamic profiling of subscribers. It fully supports any real-time or micro segmentation requirements as needed by the business. The Profiling Engine is a rules-driven flexible aggregator of subscriber baseline and usage data. It has been designed to handle any data model, including any data representation that may be available within the carrier’s legacy billing and Customer Relationship Management (“CRM”) environment.

 

·                  The Campaign Engine is used to configure and deliver marketing campaigns and offers to subscribers. It includes a business friendly dashboard that enables rapid configuration, testing and launching of new business campaigns. Through the dashboard the business user can target specific subscribers, define offers and rewards, and create personalized messages per campaign, interaction and subscriber. The dashboard provides a real-time view on each campaign’s effectiveness and impact.

 

·                  Campaign Modules provide predefined templates for specific types of real-time mobile marketing tactics, including marketing and loyalty for digital services such as mobile money and content, data package upsell and top-up accelerators.

 

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·                  Social Media Integration enables carriers to expand their engagement with subscribers beyond simple network usage and direct channels, and can support social marketing campaigns that leverage the subscribers as a part of the marketing network.

 

·                  App Promotion engages subscribers when they are first configuring new services or when they are upgrading to mobile devices with new capabilities. It enables carriers to promote the use of their own mobile applications for subscriber care, and also those of third party app publishers, opening possibilities for new revenue streams.

 

Retention and Loyalty

 

Our subscriber Retention and Loyalty solutions help reduce churn and generate more revenue from existing subscribers by using the latest innovative programs. Strong subscriber loyalty is created by rewarding subscribers via schemes that offer additional carrier services or the services and products of participating partners.

 

·                  Loyalty Points and Programs are used to reward mobile subscribers for use of the carrier’s services. Credit is earned in the forms of status points and bonus points. Gamification can be used to encourage the collection of rewards by subscribers and comparison with others in their social group. Loyalty Credit is then exchanged for services or discounts from the carrier, or for digital and physical goods from third party businesses and retail partners.

 

·                  Coupon Management covers the whole lifecycle of coupons as a medium for delivering rewards. Our solution manages the interface with coupon partners, the delivery of coupons to subscribers, redemption for digital or physical goods, and settlement between carrier and partner.

 

PROFESSIONAL AND MANAGED SERVICES

 

Our Professional Services team provides expert and vastly experienced consulting services for the customization, integration and deployment of our solutions.  Our services cover all aspects of the project lifecycle, including system architecture, design, software development and customization, system integration, testing, live deployment and production support, program and project level management, post-implementation maintenance and domain and product expertise.

 

Our Managed Services can be delivered on-site at a carrier or remotely. Services range from operational support of our software solutions, through technical services to expand those solutions with new modules and functionality to support new business value, to marketing and customer engagement consultancy that directly drives marketing campaigns for our customers and helps them achieve their business objectives. The Managed Services teams also offer their expertise and experience to create the maximum financial impact to the carrier from using our solutions.

 

Our teams work closely with customers and integration partners and have established long-term relationships with operators in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific regions.

 

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

 

We develop our software solutions internally and using third party development organizations where specialist technical expertise is required. We conduct research to identify specific industry and customer business needs as well as market requirements and we use that information to determine our investment in product development (“PD”). We evaluate the market for new products and we leverage our existing product capabilities with enhancements of existing products.  We build investment plans for our principal product areas and we make other investments in tools and product extensions to accelerate the development, implementation and integration process for customer solutions.

 

PD is expensed as incurred.  For the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, we expensed $3.0 million, $3.8 million and $3.6 million, respectively, in PD costs.  The majority of PD investments in 2016 went into the further development and enhancement of our RLM and DSA solutions.

 

SALES AND MARKETING

 

Our sales force is primarily a field organization structured to focus on specific geographical territories around the world: The Americas (North, Central and South), Europe, Middle East and Africa, the Commonwealth of Independent States (comprised of Russia and other former Soviet Republics) South Asia and Asia Pacific. Our sales activities cover both direct sales to carrier customers as well as sales through partners such as Gemalto, Oberthur, and Ericsson, who include our products as part of their wider

 

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solution offerings, and systems integrators such as Accenture and IBM, who license our technology to customers as part of their delivery engagements.

 

Our solutions and our customers’ infrastructures are complex, and require a high degree of consultative selling which often results in a long sales cycle in excess of twelve months. In addition, our business relies on incremental revenue from existing customers, which requires regular interaction with customers to discuss enhancements to our existing solutions as well as the introduction of new features and functionality. The sales team is also responsible for making proactive proposals to prospects, as well as managing and delivering responses to competitive tenders. This complex, highly interactive approach, typically results in a long sales cycle, requiring us to invest a considerable amount of time developing business opportunities without guaranteed sales.

 

Our marketing organization supports our sales activities by identifying markets for our products and establishing an awareness of our offerings in those markets through a combination of direct marketing, web marketing, and participation in shows, conferences, and industry bodies. The marketing organization is responsible for maintaining our web site and creating electronic and print-based sales collateral to support our sales activities.

 

COMPETITION

 

The market for telecommunications OSS products and mobile analytics and advertising is competitive and subject to rapid technological change, changing industry standards, regulatory developments and consolidation. We face increasing demand for improved product performance, enhanced functionality, rapid integration capabilities; all in the context of continuing pricing pressure. Our existing and potential competitors include many large domestic and international companies that often have substantially greater financial, technological, marketing, distribution and other resources, larger installed customer bases and longer-standing relationships with telecommunications customers. The market for telecommunications OSS software and services is extremely large and we currently hold only a small portion of total market share.  Nonetheless, we believe our work to establish the Subscriber Acquisition and Activation area has resulted in our achieving a measurable and reasonable market share in those areas.

 

Our principal competitors for Subscriber Acquisition and Activation are vendors such as Comptel-Nokia, Amdocs and Oracle, as well as billing vendors and vendors such as Ericsson.  In the area of Subscriber Acquisition and Activation, we believe we hold a significant leadership position; however, we see occasional competition from Giesecke & Devrient GmbH and HP, as well as a few other smaller regional competitors. Competitors for Analytics, Engagement & Upsell, and for Retention and Loyalty, include specialist vendors such as Knowesis, Pontis and Business Logic Systems, as well as some products in general CRM suites from vendors such as SAS and Oracle.

 

For all of our products, our ability to compete successfully depends on a wide range of factors.  First and foremost is our ability to deliver a managed service based on our solutions platform, which offers a cost effective way for our customers to benefit from our many years of experience and product investment. We deliver value by offering competitively priced quality solutions, tailored specifically to our customers’ network topography. After a customer implements our products, we often receive subsequent orders for enhancements to add functionality or increase capacity.  Complex solutions tailored to customers’ needs are expensive and time consuming to replace, thus providing us with an incumbent advantage.  Furthermore, many of our customer relationships span five years or more.  We believe all of these factors give us a competitive advantage and can be a barrier to entry for potential competitors.

 

SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS

 

For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, no significant customer exceeded the threshold (defined as contributing at least 10%) of revenue from continuing operations.  For the year ended December 31, 2014, two significant customers accounted for 24% (13% and 11%) of revenue from continuing operations.  These customers are large telecommunications operators in Europe and Mexico.

 

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

 

We rely on a combination of patents, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality agreements and licensing arrangements, to establish and protect our proprietary rights. We have 16 patents in the U.S. on elements of our DSA and mobile broadband enablement products and patents pending in other countries on elements of our DSA and other products.

 

EMPLOYEES

 

As of December 31, 2016, we employed 197 people including 27 in the United States, 34 in the United Kingdom and 136 in India.  Of our worldwide staff, 81% are involved in product delivery, development, support and professional services, 11% in sales and marketing, and 8% in general administration.

 

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AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

You can find out more information about us at our Internet website located at www.evolving.com. The information on or accessible through our website is not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and our Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports are available free of charge on our Internet website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such material with the SEC. Additionally, these reports are available at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549 or on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.  Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

 

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

 

General Risk Statement

 

Our operations and financial results are subject to various risks and uncertainties, many of which are driven by factors we cannot control or predict.   An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk.  The risks that we have highlighted here represent the material risks known to us, but they are not the only ones that we face. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, results of operation and cash flows could be negatively affected. You should carefully consider these risks and uncertainties before investing in our securities.

 

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

 

We operate a global business that exposes us to currency, economic, regulatory and tax risks.

 

Our revenue comes primarily from sales outside the U.S. and our growth strategy is largely focused on emerging markets.  Our success delivering solutions and competing in international markets is subject to our ability to manage various risks and difficulties, including, but not limited to:

 

·                   our ability to effectively staff, provide technical support and manage operations in multiple countries;

 

·                  fluctuations in currency exchange rates;

 

·                   timely collecting of accounts receivable from customers and resellers located outside of the U.S.;

 

·                  our ability to repatriate cash from foreign locations and manage potential adverse tax consequences in connection with repatriating funds;

 

·                  trade restrictions, political instability, disruptions in financial markets, and deterioration of economic conditions;

 

·                   compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act and other anti-bribery laws and regulations;

 

·                   variations and changes in laws applicable to our operations in different jurisdictions, including enforceability of intellectual property and contract rights; and

 

·                   compliance with export regulations, tariffs and other regulatory barriers.

 

Approximately 40% of our revenue is transacted in currencies other than the U.S. dollar (e.g. British Pound Sterling, Swiss Franc and Euro).  As a result, when the U.S. dollar strengthens, our revenue, when converted to U.S. dollars, is reduced.  At the same time, approximately 60% of our operating expenses are incurred overseas. The strengthening dollar, conversely, lowers expenses outside of the U.S. Although this has provided some defense against currency fluctuations for our bottom line results, we may not be able to maintain this ratio of revenue to expense in the future.  In addition, we may not be able to repatriate cash without incurring substantial risks involving floating currency exchange rates, or to recover or apply withholding taxes remitted to foreign governments.  Any of the foregoing factors may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.  In addition, there have been proposals to change U.S. tax laws that would significantly impact how U.S. multinational corporations are taxed on foreign earnings. Although we cannot predict whether or in what form any proposed legislation may pass, if enacted it could have a material adverse impact on our tax expense and cash flow.

 

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Our revenue, earnings and profitability are affected by the length of our sales cycle, and a longer sales cycle could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Our business is impacted by the length of our sales cycles.  Our customers have relatively complex businesses and the purchase of large communications solutions used for enterprise-wide, mission-critical purposes, involve significant capital expenditures and lengthy implementation plans. Prospective customers often take a long period of time to evaluate our products and services and require us to spend substantial time, effort and money educating them about our solutions. The purchase of the types of products and services we offer typically also requires coordination and agreement across many departments within a customer’s organization. This process often results in a lengthy sales cycle, typically ranging between three and twelve months. Mergers and acquisitions of large communications companies, as well as the formation of new alliances, have also resulted in a purchasing delays.  Further lengthening of our sales cycle could hinder growth in our revenue and result in increased cost of sales, thereby reducing our profitability.

 

We depend on a limited number of significant customers for a substantial portion of our revenue, and the loss of one or more of these customers, or a delay in a large order, could adversely affect our business.

 

We earn a significant portion of our revenue from a small number of customers in the communications industry. The loss of any significant customer, delays in delivery or acceptance of any of our products by a customer, delays in performing services for a customer, or delays in collection of customer receivables could harm our business and operating results to a greater degree than other companies with a broader customer base.

 

Customers’ budgetary constraints and internal acceptance reviews may cause potential customers to delay or forego a purchase, making it difficult for us to forecast the timing and size of our contracts. In addition, our sales opportunities in any given quarter and year typically include a few high value opportunities. The delay or failure to close one or more large orders could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition and cause our results to vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year.

 

Our managed services offerings and our cloud strategy, or Software as a Service (SaaS), may not be successful.

 

We offer some of our products as a managed service or a SaaS implementation and we intend to offer more of our solutions in this manner in the future.  While we believe the demand for managed services and cloud-based solutions is strong, there are no guarantees that we will be able to compete effectively, generate significant revenues or maintain profitability. Whether we are successful in providing our solutions as managed services or solutions as cloud solutions depends on our execution in a number of areas, including continuing to innovate and bring to market compelling managed services and cloud-based offerings and ensuring that our services meet the reliability expectations of our customers and maintain the security of customer data.  Our managed and cloud-based services strategies also may fail to achieve success if other companies offering managed services and cloud-based solutions experience data loss, security breaches or service reliability issues that cause consumers to become less willing to accept managed services and cloud-based solutions in general.

 

We incurred debt in connection with our recent acquisition of SSM which could adversely affect our financial condition and restrict our operating flexibility.

 

In connection with our acquisition of SSM in September 2015, we increased our revolving credit facility with East West Bank from $5.0 million to $10.0 million (the “Revolving Facility”) and we used the full amount of the Revolving Facility to fund the acquisition. The Revolving Facility was secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets, including a pledge, subject to certain limitations with respect to stock of foreign subsidiaries, of the stock of the existing and future direct subsidiaries of the Company.  The Revolving Facility required the Company to pay monthly payments of interest, with the unpaid balance due on October 22, 2016.

 

On February 29, 2016, we entered into a term loan agreement with East West Bank (“Term Loan”) for $6.0 million.  The Term Loan bears interest at a floating rate equal to the U.S. Prime Rate plus 1.0%, and is secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets, including a pledge, subject to certain limitations with respect to stock of foreign subsidiaries, of the stock of the existing and future direct subsidiaries of the Company.  Interest accrues and is payable monthly.  We are required to repay the Term Loan in 36 equal monthly installments, commencing on January 1, 2017. We must maintain a minimum current ratio, a specified ratio of Total Liabilities to EBITDA and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined in the Term Loan. The Term Loan requires us to pay two annual credit facility fees of $18,750. We were required to use the $6 million Term Loan proceeds, plus $4.0 million from our cash reserves, to pay off the Revolving Facility.  The Term Loan matures on January 1, 2020.

 

The Term Loan includes negative covenants that place restrictions on the Company’s ability to, among other things:  incur additional indebtedness; create liens or other encumbrances on assets; make loans, enter into letters of credit, guarantees, investments

 

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and acquisitions; sell or otherwise dispose of assets; cause or permit a change of control; merge or consolidate with another entity; make negative pledges; enter into affiliate transactions; limits the amount of cash distributions to our shareholders; and change the nature of our business materially. Outstanding amounts under the Term Loan may be accelerated by East West Bank upon the occurrence and continuance of certain events of default, including without limitation:  payment defaults, breach of covenants beyond applicable grace periods, breach of representations and warranties, bankruptcy and insolvency defaults, and the occurrence of a material adverse effect (as defined).  Acceleration is automatic upon the occurrence of certain bankruptcy and insolvency defaults.

 

Our debt and related obligations, including interest payments, covenants and restrictions, could have important consequences, including the following:

 

·                  reserving cash in order to satisfy the obligations relating to our debt could adversely affect the amount or timing of investments to grow our business, impairing our ability to invest in and successfully grow our business;

 

·                  our existing debt could limit our ability to obtain additional financing on satisfactory terms to fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt obligations and other general corporate requirements;

 

·                  our debt may increase our vulnerability to general economic downturns, competition and industry conditions and we may be unable to take advantage of opportunities that our leverage prevents us from exploiting, placing us at a disadvantage to our competitors that are less leveraged; and

 

·                  the Term Loan imposes restrictions on the manner in which we conduct our business, including restrictions on our ability to pay dividends, incur additional debt and sell assets.

 

The obligations under the Term Loan could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows. In addition, our failure to comply with the covenants under the Term Loan could result in an event of default and acceleration of the outstanding balance, which could significantly harm our business and cause our stock price to decline.

 

Acquisitions present many risks and we may not realize the financial and strategic goals that were contemplated at the time of a transaction.

 

In September of 2015 we acquired SSM and we expect to continue making acquisitions or entering into strategic alliances as part of our long-term business strategy.  We cannot be sure that these transactions will ultimately enhance our products or strengthen our competitive position.  These transactions involve significant challenges and risks: they may not advance our business strategy, we may not get a satisfactory return on our investment, we may have difficulty integrating operations, new technologies, products and employees, and they may distract management and employees from our other businesses. Furthermore, we may fail to identify or assess the magnitude of certain liabilities, shortcomings or other circumstances prior to acquiring a company or technology, which could result in unexpected litigation or regulatory exposure, unfavorable accounting treatment, unexpected increases in taxes due, a loss of anticipated tax benefits or other adverse effects on our business, operating results or financial condition. The success of these transactions will depend in part on our ability to leverage them to enhance our existing products and services or develop compelling new ones. It may take longer than expected to realize the full benefits from these transactions, such as increased revenue, enhanced efficiencies, or increased market share, or the benefits may ultimately be smaller than we expected. In addition, future acquisitions could result in dilutive issuances of equity securities, reduce our cash available for operations and increase our debt. The occurrence of any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, particularly in the case of a large acquisition or several concurrent acquisitions.

 

Our periodic workforce restructurings can be disruptive.

 

We have in the past restructured our workforce in response to management changes, acquisitions, product changes, performance issues or other considerations. These types of restructurings have resulted in increased restructuring costs and temporary reduced productivity while our staff adjusted to new roles and responsibilities. We may choose to implement additional restructuring, particularly in connection with future acquisitions. There is no certainty that we will achieve the expected cost savings or other benefits of these restructurings, or do so within the expected timeframe. As a result, our business, revenues and other results of operations could be negatively affected.

 

Our products are complex and have a lengthy implementation process; unanticipated difficulties or delays in the customer acceptance process could result in higher costs and delayed payments.

 

Implementing our solutions can be a relatively complex and lengthy process since we typically customize these solutions for each customer’s unique environment. Often our customers also require rapid deployment of our software solutions, resulting in

 

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pressure on us to meet demanding delivery and implementation schedules. Inability to meet these demanding schedules, or quality issues resulting from accelerated delivery schedules, may result in customer dissatisfaction and/or damage our reputation, which could materially harm our business.

 

The majority of our existing contracts provide for acceptance testing by the customer, which can be a lengthy process. Unanticipated difficulties or delays in the customer acceptance process could result in higher costs, delayed payments, and deferral of revenue recognition. In addition, if our software contains defects or we otherwise fail to satisfy acceptance criteria within prescribed times, the customer may be entitled to liquidated damages, to cancel its contract and receive a refund of all or a portion of amounts paid or to seek other monetary damages. These could exceed related contract revenue and result in a future charge to earnings. Any failure or delay in achieving final acceptance of our software and services could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

We face risks associated with doing business through local partners.

 

In some countries, because of local customs and regulations or for language reasons, we do business through local partners who resell our products and services, with or without value-added services.  This can cause delays in closing contracts because of the increased complexity of having another party involved in negotiations.  In addition, where the local partner provides additional software, hardware and/or services to the end-user customer, our products and services may only be a small portion of the total solution.  As a result, conditions surrounding acceptance and payments owed to us may be impacted by factors that are out of our control.  Resellers may also delay paying us even when they have been paid by the end-user customer.  We have experienced delays in closing contracts through partners and collecting from resellers and this situation may arise again in the future, negatively impacting our cash flows.  Doing business through local partners may also increase our risks under anti-bribery regulations, discussed below.

 

The success of our business depends on continued growth in the wireless services industry and demand for connected devices, mobile advertising and other usage of mobile data.

 

The future success of our business depends upon continued new subscriber growth and carrier demand for next generation solutions.  If there is a slowdown in subscriber growth in the wireless services industry or the demand for connected devices and usage of mobile data were to stabilize or decline, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

 

We are a relatively small company with a limited number of products and staff.  Sales fluctuations and employee turnover may adversely affect our business.

 

We are a relatively small company.  Consequently, compared to larger companies, sales fluctuations could have a greater impact on our revenue and profitability on a quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year basis and a delayed contract could cause our operating results to vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year-to-year.  In addition, as a small company we have limited staff and are heavily reliant on certain key personnel to operate our business. If a key employee were to leave the company it could have a material impact on our business and results of operations as we might not have sufficient depth in our staffing to fill the role that was previously being performed.  A delay in filling the vacated position could put a strain on existing personnel or result in a failure to satisfy our contractual obligations or to effectively implement our internal controls, and materially harm our business.

 

Because our quarterly and annual operating results are difficult to predict and may fluctuate, the market price for our stock may be volatile.

 

Our operating results have fluctuated significantly in the past and may continue to fluctuate significantly in the future from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year. These quarterly and annual fluctuations may result from a number of factors, including:

 

·                  the size of new contracts, rate of progress under our contracts and when we are able to recognize the related revenue;

 

·                  foreign exchange fluctuations;

 

·                  budgeting cycles of our customers;

 

·                  changes in the terms and rates related to the renewal of support agreements;

 

·                  the mix of products and services sold;

 

·                  the timing of delivery of software and hardware by third parties;

 

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·                  level and timing of operating expenses and capital investments;

 

·                  changes in our strategy; and

 

·                  general economic conditions.

 

As a result, quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year comparisons of operating results are not necessarily meaningful nor do they indicate what our future performance will be.  Furthermore, we base our operating expenses and capital investment budgets on expected sales and revenue and many of our expenses, such as lease expenses and personnel costs, are relatively fixed in the short term. Variations in the rate and timing of conversion of our sales prospects into actual revenue could cause us to plan or budget inaccurately and we may be unable to adjust spending quickly enough to compensate for an unexpected shortfall in revenue. Any significant shortfall in anticipated levels of demand for our products and services could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows and the market price of our common stock.

 

The markets for our service activation and number management products are mature and the markets for our DSA and RLM products are evolving.  The industry in which we compete is subject to rapid technological change and if we do not adapt to rapid technological change, we could lose customers or market share.

 

Our industry is characterized by rapid technological change, evolving industry standards, changes in carrier requirements and preferences and frequent new service offerings. The introduction of products that incorporate new technologies and the emergence of new industry standards can make existing products obsolete and unmarketable. To compete successfully, we must continue to design, develop and sell new products and enhancements to existing products that provide higher levels of performance and reliability, take advantage of technological advancements and changes in industry standards and respond to new customer requirements. Developing new products and services is complex and time-consuming. It can require long development and testing periods. Significant delays in new releases or significant problems in creating new products or services could adversely affect our revenue.

 

If we are unable to properly supervise our software development staff in India, or if political or other uncertainties interfere, we may be unable to satisfactorily perform our customer contracts.

 

In 2004, we formed Evolving Systems India, a wholly owned subsidiary of Evolving Systems, Inc. and as a result of our 2015 acquisition of SSM, we acquired two additional Indian subsidiaries. We have experienced a high level of turnover with our Indian development staff as a result of strong competition for technology-based personnel in India. In addition, salary levels in India are steadily increasing, reducing the competitive advantages associated with offshore labor. If we are unable to effectively manage our India-based development staff and/or we continue to experience high levels of staff turnover, we may fail to provide quality software in a timely fashion. Furthermore, political changes and uncertainties in India could negatively impact the business climate there.  As a result, we may be unable to satisfactorily perform our customer contracts and our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially harmed.

 

Changes or challenges to the regulations of the communication industry could hurt the market for our products and services.

 

Our customers may require, or we may find it necessary or advisable, to modify our products or services to address actual or anticipated changes in regulations affecting our customers. This could increase our costs, delay adoption of our products and increase our sales cycle, which could materially harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.  We are also subject to numerous regulatory requirements of foreign jurisdictions, which are often complex and changing.  Any failure to comply with such regulations could, likewise, materially harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Consolidation in the communications industry may impact our financial performance.

 

The global communications industry has experienced and continues to experience significant consolidation.  These consolidations have caused us to lose customers and may result in fewer potential customers.  In addition, combining companies often re-evaluate their solutions and their capital expenditures, choosing to consolidate with one solution; there is no guarantee our solution will be selected in this process.  As our customers become larger, they generally have longer sales cycles and stronger purchasing power, which can result in delays in securing contracts and pressure to reduce our prices.  All of these factors can have a negative impact on our financial performance, particularly in any fiscal quarter.

 

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Many of our products and services are sold on a fixed-price basis.  If we incur budget overruns this may reduce our profitability.

 

A large portion of our revenue currently is, and historically has been, derived from fixed-price contracts and we expect this will continue. These contracts specify certain obligations and deliverables we must meet regardless of the actual costs we incur. Projects done on a fixed-price basis are subject to budget overruns. On occasion, we have experienced budget overruns, resulting in lower than anticipated margins. We may incur similar budget overruns in the future, including overruns that result in losses on these contracts. If we incur budget overruns, our margins may be harmed, thereby affecting our overall profitability.

 

Percentage-of-completion accounting used for most of our projects can result in overstated or understated profits or losses.

 

The revenue for our license fee/services and fixed-price services contracts is accounted for on the percentage-of-completion method of accounting.  Under this method we recognize revenue and profits for each project based on the percentage of the project that is completed, which requires us to estimate the total cost to complete the project, project schedule and completion date, and probable change orders.  Our failure to accurately estimate these often subjective factors could result in overstated or understated revenue, profits or losses.

 

The communications industry is highly competitive and if our products do not satisfy customer demand for performance or price, our customers could purchase products and services from our competitors.

 

Our primary markets are intensely competitive and we face continuous demand to release new products, new features and product enhancements, to improve product performance and to reduce prices. Our competitors include many large domestic and international companies who have substantially greater resources, larger installed customer bases and longer-standing relationships with customers. In addition, some companies who would not typically compete with us, such as network equipment manufacturers,offer next generation solutions that address some of the benefits provided by our DSA solution.

 

Our customers are not precluded from competing with us and also may offer competitive products or services. Many telecommunications companies have large internal development organizations, which develop software solutions and provide services similar to the products and services we provide.

 

We believe that our ability to compete successfully depends on numerous factors, including the quality and price of our products and services compared to those of our competitors, the emergence of new industry standards and technical innovations and our ability to respond to those changes. Some of these factors are within our control, and others are not. A variety of potential actions by our competitors, including price reductions or increased marketing and promotion, accelerated introduction of new or enhanced products, or cooperative relationships among competitors and their strategic partners, could negatively impact the sale of our products.  We may have to reduce the prices we charge for our products, resulting in lower revenue and operating margins. We may not be able to compete successfully or to properly identify and address the demands of new markets. This is particularly true in new markets where standards are not yet established. Our failure to adapt to emerging market demands, respond to regulatory and technological changes or compete successfully with existing and new competitors would materially harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Our business depends largely on our ability to attract and retain talented employees.

 

Attracting and retaining talented employees is key to our success. The market for skilled workers in our industry is very competitive. We may not be able to retain personnel or to hire additional personnel on a timely basis, if at all. Because of the complexity of our software solutions, a significant time lag exists between the hiring date of technical and sales personnel and the time when they become fully productive. We have at times experienced high employee turnover and difficulty in recruiting and retaining technical personnel. Our failure to retain personnel or to hire qualified personnel on a timely basis could adversely affect our business by impacting our ability to develop new products, to complete our projects and secure new contracts.

 

Our products are complex and may have errors that are not detected until deployment.  Resolving warranty and product liability claims could be expensive and could negatively affect our reputation and profitability.

 

The provisions of our agreements with customers are designed to limit our exposure to potential liability for damages arising out of the use of, or defects in, our products.  We cannot guarantee that these limitations will be effective. Although we carry errors and omissions insurance, to the extent that any successful product liability claim is not covered by our errors and omissions insurance or exceeds the coverage under our policy, we may be required to incur legal fees and pay for a claim. This could be expensive, particularly since our software products may be used in critical business applications. On occasion, we also engage subcontractors to provide deliverables under customer contracts; we could be required to indemnify customers for work performed by our subcontractors. We may be able to recover these damages from a subcontractor, but there is no guarantee that we will be able to do so.

 

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Defending against a product liability claim, regardless of its merits, could be expensive and require the time and attention of key management personnel, either of which could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our business reputation could be harmed by product liability claims, regardless of their merit or the eventual outcome of these claims.

 

Our business practices with respect to handling personally identifiable information could give rise to liabilities.

 

During the course of providing our products and services we may collect names, addresses, telephone numbers and other personally identifiable information, or “PII”. This may subject us to complex regulatory requirements related to data collection and risks of improper use or disclosure.  We strive to limit the amount of PII we collect and/or store and we have implemented steps designed to protect against unauthorized access to such information but because of the inherent risks and complexities involved in protecting this information, particularly if we store such information in a cloud implementation, the steps we have taken may not be sufficient to prevent the misappropriation or improper disclosure of such PII. In addition, third party vendors that we engage to perform services for us may unintentionally release PII or otherwise fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations. Some countries have passed or are considering passing legislation that requires personal data to remain localized in their boundaries and are also imposing monetary fines for privacy violations.  We will incur additional costs if we are required to implement special operational processes and store data in jurisdictions not of our choosing. Any failure by us to comply with laws and regulations regulating privacy, data security, or consumer protection could result in lost or restricted business, actions or fines brought against us or levied by governmental entities or others, and could adversely affect our business and harm our reputation.

 

Our measures to protect our intellectual property may not be adequate.

 

Our success and ability to compete are dependent to a significant degree on our proprietary technology. Protecting our global intellectual property rights is difficult.  We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality agreements and licensing arrangements, to establish and protect our proprietary rights. We have 16 patents in the U.S. on elements of our DSA and mobile broadband enablement products and patents pending in other countries on elements of our DSA and Intelligent M2M Controller™ (“IMC”) products. In addition, we have registered or filed for registration of certain of our trademarks. Our patent portfolio is relatively small and given the cost of obtaining additional patent protection, we may choose not to patent certain inventions that later become important. There is also the possibility that our means of protecting our proprietary rights may not be adequate; a third party may copy or otherwise obtain and use our products or technology without authorization or may develop similar technology independently or design around our patents. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries may not adequately protect our proprietary rights.

 

Source code, the detailed program commands for our software programs, is critical to our business.  While we take steps to limit access to our source code and to protect it as a trade secret, we may not be able to protect our source code from copying if there is an unauthorized disclosure.  Trade secret protection for that source code could be jeopardized, making it easier for third parties to develop competing products.

 

If our intellectual property protection proves inadequate, we may lose our competitive advantage and our future financial results may suffer.

 

Third parties may claim we are infringing their intellectual property rights, or that we have not complied with their license requirements and we may incur significant expenses in resolving these claims.

 

It is possible that our business activities may infringe upon the proprietary rights of others, or that other parties may assert infringement claims against us. Those claims may involve patent holding companies or other adverse patent owners who have no relevant product revenue of their own, and against whom our own patents may provide little or no deterrence. We could incur substantial costs in defending against any infringement claim and we could be required to develop non-infringing technology, obtain licenses, or cease selling the applications that contain the infringing intellectual property. Adverse publicity related to any intellectual property litigation also could harm the sale of our products and damage our competitive position.

 

Certain software we develop or use may include so called “open source” software made available under a license which may impose obligations on us in the event we distribute derivative works based on the open source software.  Certain licenses impose obligations that could require us to make source code for a derivative work available to the public or license the derivative work under a particular type of open source software license, rather than the license terms we customarily use to protect our software.

 

There is little or no legal precedent for interpreting the terms of certain of these open source licenses, including the terms addressing the extent to which software incorporating open source software may be considered a derivative work subject to these licenses.  We believe we have complied with our obligations under the various applicable open source licenses.  However, if the owner of any open source software were to successfully establish that we had not complied with the terms of an open source license

 

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for a particular product that includes such open source software, we may be forced to release the source code for that derivative work to the public or cease distribution of that work.

 

Cyber-attacks and security vulnerabilities could lead to reduced revenue, increased costs, liability claims, or harm to our competitive position.

 

Increased sophistication and activities of perpetrators of cyber-attacks have resulted in an increase in information security risks in recent years. Hackers develop and deploy viruses, worms, and other malicious software programs that attack products and services and gain access to networks and data centers. A substantial portion of our software development and customer support is provided from our India facility, which may be subject to increased risk of power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attacks and similar events. If we were to experience difficulties maintaining existing systems or implementing new systems, we could incur significant losses due to disruptions in our operations. Additionally, these systems contain valuable proprietary and confidential information and may contain personal data of our customers’ subscribers. A security breach could result in disruptions of our internal systems and business applications, impairment of our ability to provide services to our customers, product development delays, harm to our competitive position from the compromise of confidential business information, or subject us to liability under laws that protect personal data. Although we believe that we have robust information security procedures and other safeguards in place, many of our services do not have fully redundant systems or a formal disaster recovery plan, and we may not have adequate business interruption insurance to compensate us for losses that occur from a system outage. As cyber threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend additional resources to continue to enhance our information security measures and/or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities.  Any of these consequences would adversely affect our revenue and margins.

 

Disruptions from terrorist activities, geopolitical conditions or military actions may disrupt our business.

 

The continued threat of terrorism and acts of war may cause significant disruption to commerce throughout the world. Abrupt political changes and armed conflict pose a risk of economic disruption in affected countries, which may increase our operating costs and add uncertainty to the timing and budget for technology investment decisions by our customers. Our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected to the extent that such disruptions result in delays or cancellations of customer orders, delays in collecting cash, a general decrease in corporate spending on information technology, or our inability to effectively market, manufacture or ship our products. We are unable to predict whether war, political unrest and the threat of terrorism will result in any long-term commercial disruptions or if such activities will have any long-term material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

 

Our international operations subject us to potential liability under anti-corruption laws and regulations.

 

Our international business operations are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), which generally prohibits U.S. companies and their intermediaries from paying or offering anything of value to foreign government officials for the purpose of obtaining or keeping business, or otherwise receiving discretionary favorable treatment of any kind.  To the extent we do business through Evolving Systems UK, we are also subject to the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010.  In addition, many countries in which we do business have their own anti-bribery rules and regulations. Under these regulations, we may be held liable for actions taken by our local partners and agents, even if such parties act without our knowledge.  Any determination that we have violated the FCPA or the Bribery Act of 2010 (whether directly or through acts of others, intentionally or through inadvertence) or other anti-bribery legislation could result in sanctions that could have a material adverse effect on our business.  While we have procedures and controls in place to monitor compliance, situations outside of our control may arise that could put us in violation of anti-bribery legislation inadvertently and thus negatively impact our business.

 

As a result of operating as a smaller public company, our management is required to devote a substantial amount of time to comply with regulatory matters; our relatively small staff can make compliance challenging.

 

Because our common stock is publicly traded, we are subject to certain rules and regulations of federal, state and financial market exchange entities charged with the protection of investors and the oversight of companies whose securities are publicly traded.  These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and NASDAQ, have issued requirements and regulations and continue to adopt additional regulations and requirements in response to laws enacted by Congress.  Establishment of effective internal controls is further complicated because we are a relatively small company with global operations, and multiple locations and IT systems.  Our management and other personnel have, and will continue to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives.

 

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Changes in, or interpretations of, accounting principles or tax rules and regulations, could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). It is possible that future requirements could change our current application of U.S. GAAP, resulting in a material adverse impact on our financial positions or results of operation. In addition, our future effective tax rates could be unfavorably affected by changes in tax laws or the interpretation of tax laws or by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities.  We regularly assess our implementation of applicable accounting principles and the adequacy of our provision for income taxes, but we are a relatively small company and our business is complex; the final determination of any tax authority, upon examination of our income tax returns, could have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial position.

 

Sales of large blocks of our stock may result in the reduction in the market price of our stock and make it more difficult to raise funds in the future.

 

If our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, the market price of our common stock could fall. The perception among investors that such sales will occur could also produce this effect. We currently have several stockholders who own large percentages of our stock. To the extent we continue to have one or more stockholders who own a large percentage of our stock and those stockholders chose to liquidate their holdings, it may have a dramatic impact on the market price of our stock. These factors also could make it more difficult to raise funds through future offerings of common stock.

 

Certain provisions of our charter documents, employment arrangements and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent an acquisition of us, even if an acquisition would be beneficial to our stockholders, and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.

 

Provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could make it difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so would benefit our stockholders.  In addition, these provisions, which make it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our board of directors, may frustrate or prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team.  These provisions include the following:

 

·                  our stockholders cannot take action by written consent;

 

·                  we have advance notice requirements for nominations for election to the Board of Directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon at stockholder meetings;

 

·                  our stockholders can only remove directors without cause by supermajority vote; and

 

·                  our stockholders can only amend our bylaws or certain Board of Directors-related provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation by a supermajority vote.

 

In addition, we are subject to the anti-takeover provisions of Section 203 of Delaware General Corporation Law, which prohibit us from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless the business combination is approved in the prescribed manner. The application of Section 203 and certain provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation may have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control of our management, which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock by discouraging or preventing takeover attempts that might result in the payment of a premium price to our stockholders.

 

Our named executive officers have entered into agreements with us that contain a change in control provision. These agreements generally provide for acceleration on vesting of stock awards.  The acceleration of vesting of stock awards upon a change in control may be viewed as an anti-takeover measure and may have the effect of discouraging a merger proposal, tender offer or other attempt to gain control of us.

 

Our Stock Incentive Plans provide for acceleration of vesting of stock awards under certain changes in control. As noted above, the acceleration on vesting of stock awards upon a change in control may be viewed as an anti-takeover measure.

 

All of the above factors could adversely affect the market price of our common stock by discouraging or preventing takeover attempts that might result in the payment of a premium price to our stockholders.

 

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We suspended our dividends in 2016 and we may not pay dividends in the future

 

In June, 2016, our Board of Directors suspended our quarterly dividends. Any decision to pay dividends in the future and the amount of any dividend we may declare will depend on general business conditions, the impact of such payment on our financial condition and other factors our Board of Directors may consider to be relevant.  In addition, our term loan facility limits our ability to pay dividends by establishing a maximum amount that can be paid per quarter and prohibiting payment of dividends when an event of default has occurred.  If we elect to pay future dividends, this could reduce our cash reserves to levels that may be inadequate to fund expansions to our business plan or unanticipated contingent liabilities.

 

Our stock price could become more volatile and your investment could lose value.

 

All of the factors discussed in this section, as well as general economic and market conditions, could affect our stock price. A significant drop in our stock price could also expose us to the risk of securities class actions lawsuits, which could result in substantial costs and divert management’s attention and resources, which could adversely affect our business.

 

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2.     PROPERTIES

 

We lease office space at various locations which are shown below.

 

Location

 

Square
Footage

 

Lease
Expiration

 

Englewood, Colorado (Headquarters)

 

5,092

 

11/30/17

 

Durham, North Carolina

 

2,860

 

7/31/18

 

London, England

 

2,200

 

3/02/20

 

Bangalore, India

 

12,300

 

8/18/18

 

Kolkata, India

 

1,575

 

10/31/18

 

Kolkata, India

 

2,708

 

11/14/18

 

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 

1,042

 

7/14/17

 

Bucharest, Romania

 

215

 

9/30/17

 

 

We believe that our facilities are adequate for our current and near-term needs, and that we will be able to locate additional facilities as needed.

 

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we are involved in various legal matters arising in the normal course of business.  We do not believe that any such matters, either individually or in the aggregate, will have a material impact on our results of operations and financial position.

 

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.             MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “EVOL.”  The following table sets forth the high and low sale prices of our common stock for the periods indicated.

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

 

High

 

Low

 

High

 

Low

 

First Quarter

 

$

5.92

 

$

4.99

 

$

9.45

 

$

8.01

 

Second Quarter

 

$

5.82

 

$

5.02

 

$

9.98

 

$

8.44

 

Third Quarter

 

$

5.53

 

$

3.99

 

$

9.27

 

$

5.30

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

4.45

 

$

3.85

 

$

6.17

 

$

5.32

 

 

As of March 23, 2017, there were approximately 64 holders of record of our common stock.

 

Dividends

 

Our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.11 per share in the first and second quarters of 2016.  In 2015, our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.11 per share during each of the four quarters of 2015.  In June 2016, our Board of Directors suspended our quarterly dividends and there can be no guarantee that we will resume paying dividends. Any decision to declare dividends in the future and the amount of any dividend we may declare will depend on general business conditions, the impact of such payment on our financial condition and other factors our Board of Directors may consider to be relevant. In addition, our term loan facility limits our ability to pay dividends by establishing a maximum amount that can be paid per quarter and prohibiting payment of dividends when an event of default has occurred.  Payment of future dividends can also affect our business as this could reduce our cash reserves to levels that may be inadequate to fund expansions to our business plan or unanticipated contingent liabilities.

 

Stock Performance Graph

 

The following graph compares the cumulative 5-year total return provided to shareholders on Evolving Systems, Inc.’s common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the NASDAQ Composite index, the RDG Software Composite index and the DJ US MicroCap Total Stock Market Software index. An investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) is assumed to have been made in our common stock and in each index on 12/31/2011 and its relative performance is tracked through 12/31/2016.

 

GRAPHIC

 

 

 

12/11

 

12/12

 

12/13

 

12/14

 

12/15

 

12/16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evolving Systems, Inc.

 

100.00

 

148.10

 

253.45

 

255.08

 

159.44

 

123.70

 

NASDAQ Composite

 

100.00

 

116.41

 

165.47

 

188.69

 

200.32

 

216.54

 

RDG Software Composite

 

100.00

 

114.89

 

153.74

 

179.96

 

199.43

 

210.40

 

DJ US MicroCap Total Stock Market Software Index

 

100.00

 

116.50

 

154.88

 

181.44

 

198.46

 

215.89

 

 

16



Table of Contents

 

ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The selected financial data set forth below for each of the years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2016, has been derived from our consolidated financial statements. The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with “Item 7  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and other financial information included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

24,778

 

$

25,576

 

$

29,680

 

$

25,093

 

$

26,247

 

Costs of Revenue and Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 

5,297

 

6,449

 

7,648

 

7,164

 

8,236

 

Sales and marketing

 

4,965

 

5,844

 

5,734

 

5,364

 

5,070

 

General and administrative

 

3,855

 

4,003

 

3,638

 

3,644

 

3,613

 

Product development

 

3,014

 

3,847

 

3,643

 

2,956

 

3,069

 

Depreciation

 

259

 

314

 

246

 

155

 

268

 

Amortization

 

783

 

266

 

95

 

211

 

400

 

Restructuring and other expense

 

1,010

 

533

 

237

 

558

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

5,595

 

4,320

 

8,439

 

5,041

 

5,591

 

Interest and other income (expense), net

 

(703

)

(109

)

(34

)

39

 

842

 

Interest and other income, related parties, net

 

 

 

 

 

532

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

1,457

 

915

 

2,797

 

1,274

 

1,401

 

Net income

 

$

3,435

 

$

3,296

 

$

5,608

 

$

3,806

 

$

5,564

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic income per common share - net income

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.48

 

$

0.33

 

$

0.49

 

Diluted income per common share - net income

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.32

 

$

0.48

 

Weighted average basic shares outstanding

 

11,845

 

11,693

 

11,642

 

11,459

 

11,278

 

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding

 

11,961

 

11,935

 

11,926

 

11,756

 

11,529

 

Cash dividend declared per common share (1) (3)

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.44

 

$

0.42

 

$

0.36

 

$

2.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working capital (2)

 

$

7,989

 

$

3,478

 

$

15,794

 

$

14,699

 

$

13,894

 

Total assets

 

43,755

 

50,429

 

44,232

 

43,184

 

36,593

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

$

29,334

 

$

32,162

 

$

34,052

 

$

32,735

 

$

30,836

 

 


(1)                                 During 2012, our Board of Directors declared and paid a first, third and fourth quarter cash dividend of $0.05 per share each and a second and fourth quarter special cash dividend of $1.70 and $0.15 per share, respectively.   There were no accrued dividends as of December 31, 2012.  In addition, the special cash dividend declared in the fourth quarter 2011 of $2.00 per share was paid in January 2012.

 

(2)                                 On September 30, 2015, we completed the acquisition of SSM for an initial cash payment totaling approximately $9.75 million, plus customary working capital adjustments, and we agreed to make a payment of $250,000 on the one year anniversary of the transaction, with such payment being available to secure SSM’s representations and warranties under the acquisition agreement.  The initial payment was financed through our revolving line of credit, which required monthly payments of interest, with the unpaid balance due on October 22, 2016.  As this debt was due in twelve months, it reduced our working capital as of December 31, 2015 by $10.0 million.  On February 29, 2016, we entered into the Fifth Amendment

 

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to the Loan and Security Agreement to enter into a Term Loan for $6.0 million.  Interest shall accrue from the date the Term Loan is made and shall be payable monthly.  The Term Loan shall be repaid in 36 equal monthly installments of principal, plus accrued but unpaid interest, commencing on January 1, 2017 and continuing on the first day of each month thereafter through and including January 1, 2020.  The Term Loan agreement required us to use the term loan proceeds and $4.0 million from our cash balances to pay off the existing Revolving Facility totaling $10.0 million.  The Term Loan matures on January 1, 2020.  Due to the Term Loan, our working capital balances increased in 2016 as a result of paying off the existing Revolving Facility totaling $10.0 million.

 

(3)                                 On June 30, 2016, our Board of Directors suspended the quarterly dividends.  Prior to suspending the dividend, our Board of Directors declared a first quarter cash dividend of $0.11 per share on March 15, 2016, which was paid April 1, 2016, to stockholders of record March 28, 2016 and a second quarter cash dividend of $0.11 per share, on May 3, 2016, which was paid on July 1, 2016, to stockholders of record June 3, 2016.

 

ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that have been made pursuant to the provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, and projections about Evolving Systems’ industry, management’s beliefs, and certain assumptions made by management. Forward-looking statements include our expectations regarding product, services, and customer support revenue; our expectations associated with Evolving Systems India, Evolving Systems U.K. and Evolving Systems NC and short- and long-term cash needs. In some cases, words such as “anticipates”, “expects”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “estimates”, variations of these words, and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including those set forth in this section and in “Item 1A - Risk Factors.”

 

OVERVIEW

 

Evolving Systems, Inc. is a leading provider of software solutions and services to the wireless, wireline and cable markets. We maintain long-standing relationships with many of the largest wireline, wireless and cable companies worldwide. Our customers rely on us to develop, deploy, enhance, maintain and integrate complex, reliable software solutions for a range of Operations Support Systems (“OSS”).  Our activation solution is the leading packaged solution for activation in the wireless industry.

 

We recognize revenue in accordance with the prescribed accounting standards for software revenue recognition under generally accepted accounting principles. As a result, our license fees and services revenue fluctuate from period to period as a result of the timing of revenue recognition on existing projects.

 

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

 

We reported net income of $3.4 million, $3.3 million and $5.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

On September 30, 2015 we acquired privately held SSM, now known as Evolving Systems NC, Inc., a provider of real time analytics and marketing solutions to wireless carriers, for an initial payment of approximately $9.75 million and a $0.5 million working capital adjustment.  We also agreed to make a payment on the one year anniversary of the transaction of $250,000, with such payment being available to secure SSM’s representations and warranties in the agreement.  SSM’s software solution platform, RLM, enables carriers’ marketing departments to innovate, execute and manage highly-personalized and contextually-relevant, interactive campaigns that engage consumers in real time.  RLM is included as a component of our Mobile Marketing Solutions (“MMS”) product suite in license fees and service revenue and customer support revenue.  The final payment has not been made as of the date this Form 10-K was filed due to pending resolution of outstanding claims.

 

We declared and paid a $0.11 cash dividend per share in the first and second quarters of 2016.

 

We have operations in foreign countries where the local currency is used to prepare the financial statements which are translated into our reporting currency, U.S. dollars. Changes in the exchange rates between these currencies and our reporting currency are partially responsible for some of the changes from period to period in our financial statement amounts. The majority of the changes in 2016 and 2015 are a result of the U.S. dollar strengthening on average versus the British Pound Sterling. The chart below summarizes what the effects on our revenue and expenses would be on a constant currency basis. The constant currency basis assumes that the exchange rate was constant for the periods presented (in thousands).

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the Years ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016 vs. 2015

 

2015 vs. 2014

 

Revenue

 

$

(753

)

$

(954

)

Costs of revenue and operating expenses

 

(1,318

)

(1,219

)

Operating gain

 

$

565

 

$

265

 

 

The net effect of our foreign currency translations for the year ended December 31, 2016 was a $0.8 million decrease in revenue and a $1.3 million decrease in operating expenses versus the year ended December 31, 2015 due to a stronger U.S. dollar on average during the year 2016. The net effect of our foreign currency translations for the year ended December 31, 2015 was a $1.0 million decrease in revenue and a $1.2 million decrease in operating expenses versus the year ended December 31, 2014 due to a stronger U.S. dollar on average during the year 2015.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following table presents our consolidated statements of operations in comparative format.

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

Change

 

2015

 

2014

 

Change

 

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License fees

 

$

2,873

 

$

3,161

 

$

(288

)

$

3,161

 

$

5,027

 

$

(1,866

)

Services

 

21,905

 

22,415

 

(510

)

22,415

 

24,653

 

(2,238

)

Total revenue

 

24,778

 

25,576

 

(798

)

25,576

 

29,680

 

(4,104

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COSTS OF REVENUE AND OPERATING EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 

5,297

 

6,449

 

(1,152

)

6,449

 

7,648

 

(1,199

)

Sales and marketing

 

4,965

 

5,844

 

(879

)

5,844

 

5,734

 

110

 

General and administrative

 

3,855

 

4,003

 

(148

)

4,003

 

3,638

 

365

 

Product development

 

3,014

 

3,847

 

(833

)

3,847

 

3,643

 

204

 

Depreciation

 

259

 

314

 

(55

)

314

 

246

 

68

 

Amortization

 

783

 

266

 

517

 

266

 

95

 

171

 

Restructuring

 

1,010

 

533

 

477

 

533

 

237

 

296

 

Total costs of revenue and operating expenses

 

19,183

 

21,256

 

(2,073

)

21,256

 

21,241

 

15

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

5,595

 

4,320

 

1,275

 

4,320

 

8,439

 

(4,119

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

6

 

18

 

(12

)

18

 

19

 

(1

)

Interest expense

 

(340

)

(121

)

(219

)

(121

)

(17

)

(104

)

Other income (expense)

 

183

 

 

183

 

 

(27

)

27

 

Foreign currency exchange loss

 

(552

)

(6

)

(546

)

(6

)

(9

)

3

 

Other (expense) income, net

 

(703

)

(109

)

(594

)

(109

)

(34

)

(75

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

4,892

 

4,211

 

681

 

4,211

 

8,405

 

(4,194

)

Income tax expense

 

1,457

 

915

 

542

 

915

 

2,797

 

(1,882

)

Net income

 

$

3,435

 

$

3,296

 

$

139

 

$

3,296

 

$

5,608

 

$

(2,312

)

 

19



Table of Contents

 

The following table presents our consolidated statements of operations reflected as a percentage of total revenue.

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License fees

 

12

%

12

%

17

%

Services

 

88

%

88

%

83

%

Total revenue

 

100

%

100

%

100

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COSTS OF REVENUE AND OPERATING EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 

21

%

25

%

25

%

Sales and marketing

 

20

%

23

%

19

%

General and administrative

 

16

%

16

%

12

%

Product development

 

12

%

15

%

12

%

Depreciation

 

1

%

1

%

1

%

Amortization

 

3

%

1

%

0

%

Restructuring and other recovery

 

4

%

2

%

1

%

Total costs of revenue and operating expenses

 

77

%

83

%

70

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from operations

 

23

%

17

%

30

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

0

%

0

%

0

%

Interest expense

 

(2

)%

(1

)%

(0

)%

Other (expense) income

 

1

%

%

(1

)%

Foreign currency exchange loss

 

(2

)%

(0

)%

(0

)%

Other (expense) income, net

 

(3

)%

(1

)%

(1

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

20

%

16

%

29

%

Income tax expense

 

6

%

3

%

10

%

Net income

 

14

%

13

%

19

%

 

Revenue

 

Revenue is comprised of license fees and services.  License fees represent the fees we receive from the licensing of our software products. Services revenue are services directly related to the delivery of the licensed product as well as integration services, managed services, SaaS services, time and materials work and customer support services.  Customer support services includes annual support fees, recurring maintenance fees, minor product upgrades and warranty fees.  Warranty fees are typically bundled with a license sale and the related revenue, based on Vendor Specific Objective Evidence (“VSOE”), is deferred and recognized ratably over the warranty period.

 

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Table of Contents

 

License Fees

 

License fees revenue decreased 9%, or $0.3 million to $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $3.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in license fee revenue is primarily related to lower First User Activations (“FUAs”) offset by an increase of initial license sales.

 

License fees revenue decreased 37%, or $1.8 million to $3.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to $5.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The decrease in license fee revenue is primarily due to lower FUAs and the initial licensing of our software products.

 

Services

 

Services revenue decreased 2%, or $0.5 million, to $21.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $22.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in services revenue is due to a decline in fixed-price services from customization required of our software products offset by an increase of our customer support and managed services revenue due to Evolving Systems NC, which was acquired on September 30, 2015.

 

Services revenue decreased 9%, or $2.2 million, to $22.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $24.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The decrease in services revenue is primarily due to a decline in our fixed-price services due to fewer customizations our software products and SaaS services.

 

Costs of Revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 

Costs of revenue consist primarily of personnel costs, facilities costs, the costs of third-party software and all other direct costs associated with these personnel. Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization were $5.3 million, $6.4 million and $7.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

 

Costs of revenue decreased 18%, or $1.1 million, to $5.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $6.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in costs was primarily the result of lower embedded software expense, reduced headcount, and travel, due to lower revenue during the period partially offset by increased expenses related to the operations of Evolving Systems NC.  As a percentage of revenue, costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization, decreased to 21% for the year ended December 31, 2016 from 25% for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in costs as a percentage of revenue is primarily related to the aforementioned reduction in costs of revenue which exceeded the decrease in revenue during the period.

 

Costs of revenue decreased 16%, or $1.2 million, to $6.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $7.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The decrease in costs was primarily the result of lower embedded software expense, fewer service project hours, incentive compensation and travel, due to lower revenue in the period partially offset by increased expenses related to the operations of Evolving Systems NC. As a percentage of revenue, costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization, remained at 25% for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales and marketing expenses primarily consist of compensation costs, including incentive compensation and commissions, other employee related costs, travel expenses, advertising and occupancy expenses.  Sales and marketing expenses decreased 15%, or $0.9 million, to $5.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in costs is primarily related to partner fees, reduced employees and lower travel expenses offset by increased sales operations expenses related to Evolving Systems NC.  As a percentage of total revenue, sales and marketing expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016 decreased to 20% from 23% for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease as a percentage of revenue is due to the aforementioned reduction in expenses.

 

Sales and marketing expenses increased 2%, or $0.1 million, to $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $5.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in costs is primarily related to partner fees and Evolving Systems NC sales and marketing costs, offset by lower travel expenses due to more regional sales representatives.  As a percentage of total revenue, sales and marketing expenses for the year ended December 31, 2015 increased to 23% from 19% for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase as a percentage of revenue is due to the aforementioned increased expenses and lower revenue.

 

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Table of Contents

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expenses consist principally of employee related costs, professional fees and occupancy costs for the following departments: facilities, finance, legal, human resources and executive management.  General and administrative expenses decreased 4%, or $0.1 million, to $3.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $4.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease for the period was primarily due to a decline of professional fees related to merger and acquisition activities and lower travel expense, offset by increased general and administrative expenses related to Evolving Systems NC and an allowance placed on uncollectible accounts receivables.  As a percentage of total revenue, general and administrative expenses remained at 16% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

General and administrative expenses increased 10%, or $0.4 million, to $4.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $3.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase for the year ended December 31, 2015 was due primarily to higher professional fees and additional general and administrative costs relating to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC offset by lower incentive compensation.  As a percentage of total revenue, general and administrative expenses increased to 16% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from 12% for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in expenses as a percentage of revenue is related to the aforementioned increase of expenses and lower revenue during the period.

 

Product Development

 

Product development expenses consist primarily of employee-related costs for product development.  Product development expenses decreased 22%, or $0.8 million, to $3.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in costs was related to reduced headcount partially offset by expenses from Evolving Systems NC product development department.  As a percentage of total revenue, product development expenses decreased to 12% for the year ended December 31, 2016 from 15% for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease in expenses as a percentage of revenue is related to the aforementioned decrease of expenses during the period.

 

Product development expenses increased 6%, or $0.2 million, to $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $3.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in costs was related to additional hours spent on research and development projects and Evolving Systems NC product development expenses offset by lower incentive compensation.  As a percentage of total revenue, product development expenses increased to 15% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from 12% for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in expenses as a percentage of revenue is related to the aforementioned increase of expenses and lower revenue during the period.

 

Depreciation

 

Depreciation expense consists of depreciation of long-lived property and equipment.  Depreciation expenses decreased 18%, or $0.1 million, to $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The decrease of expense was due to lower capital purchases in the current period and older assets becoming fully depreciated.  As a percentage of revenue, depreciation expense remained at 1% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

Depreciation expenses increased 28%, or $0.1 million, to $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase of expense was due to capital improvements on internal systems in 2015.  As a percentage of revenue, depreciation expense remained at 1% for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014.

 

Amortization

 

Amortization expense consists of amortization of identifiable intangibles related to our acquisitions of Evolving Systems U.K., Evolving Systems Labs and Evolving Systems NC.  Amortization expense increased 194%, or $0.5 million to $0.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The increase in amortization expense was due to the amortization expense of the intangible assets relating to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC on September 30, 2015.  As a percentage of revenue, amortization expense increased to 3% for the year ended December 31, 2016 from 1% for the year ended December 31, 2015.   The increase of amortization expense as a percentage of total revenue is due to the aforementioned increase of expense.

 

Amortization expense increased 180%, to $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in amortization expense was due to the amortization expense of the intangible assets relating to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC.  As a percentage of revenue, amortization expense increased to 1% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from less than 1% for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase of amortization expense as a percentage of total revenue is due to the aforementioned increase of expense.

 

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Restructuring

 

Restructuring expense includes the costs associated with a reduction in workforce involving the termination of employees.  Restructuring increased 90%, or $0.5 million, to $1.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  Restructuring expense for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 related to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC.  As a percentage of revenue, restructuring expense increased to 4% for the year ended December 31, 2016 from 2% for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The increase of restructuring expense as a percentage of total revenue is due to the aforementioned increase of expense and lower revenue.

 

Restructuring expense increased to $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.  Restructuring expense for the year ended December 31, 2015 related to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC and for the year ended December 31, 2014 was a result of the acquisition of Evolving Systems, Labs.  As a percentage of revenue, restructuring expense increased to 2% for the year ended December 31, 2015 from 1% for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase of restructuring expense as a percentage of total revenue is due to the aforementioned increase of expense and lower revenue.

 

Interest Income

 

Interest income includes interest income earned on cash, cash equivalents and long-term investments.  Interest income decreased 67%, or $12,000, to $6,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016 from $18,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Interest income decreased 5%, or $1,000, to $18,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $19,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Interest Expense

 

Interest expense includes interest expense on our term loan, revolving line of credit and capital lease obligations as well as amortization of debt issuance costs.  Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2016 increased 181%, or $0.2 million, to $0.3 million as compared to $0.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.  This increase in interest expense was due to a larger principal balance from our term loan and revolving line of credit related to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC.  Refer to Note 5, Long-Term Debt, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding the Term loan.

 

Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2015 increased 612%, or $0.1 million, to $0.1 million as compared to $17,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014.  This increase was due to the interest expense from our revolving line of credit for the initial payment of the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC.

 

Loss on Foreign Exchange Transactions

 

Loss on foreign exchange transactions consists of realized and unrealized foreign currency transaction gains and losses.  Foreign currency transaction gains and losses result from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the respective subsidiary.  The foreign currency transaction loss increased 9,100%, or $0.6 million, to $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to a $6,000 loss for the year ended December 31, 2015.  The net loss was generated through the re-measurement of certain non-functional currency denominated financial assets and liabilities of our Evolving Systems U.K. and India subsidiaries of which the loss was primarily related to Evolving Systems U.K. contract receivables.

 

The foreign currency transaction loss of $6,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015 compared to a $9,000 loss for the year ended December 31, 2014 resulted in a year over year gain of 33% or $3,000.  The net loss was generated through the re-measurement of certain non-functional currency denominated financial assets and liabilities of our Evolving Systems U.K. and India subsidiaries.

 

Income Tax Expense

 

We recorded income tax expense of $1.5 million, $0.9 million and $2.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The net expense during year ended December 31, 2016 consisted of current income tax expense of $1.5 million and a net deferred tax benefit of ($24,000). The current tax expense consists primarily of income tax from our U.K. and India based operations.  The deferred tax benefit was related primarily to the reduction of deferred tax liabilities related to intangible assets incurred due to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC. Refer to Note 6, Income Taxes, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding the foreign tax credit.

 

The net expense during year ended December 31, 2015 consisted of current income tax expense of $2.0 million and a net deferred tax benefit of ($1.1) million. The current tax expense consists primarily of income tax from our U.S., U.K. and India based operations and unrecoverable foreign withholding tax in the U.K.  U.S. income taxes payable of $0.8 million were offset due to realization of Net Operating Losses (“NOL”) comprised of windfall tax benefits related to stock-based compensation. Unused windfall tax benefits may not be recorded as an asset on our Consolidated Balance Sheets but are recorded as a reduction to our taxes payable

 

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when realized, with a corresponding credit to additional paid in capital.  The deferred tax benefit was related primarily to foreign tax credits incurred for the years 2012 through 2014 which we recorded as a deferred tax asset in the amount of $3.7 million offset by a partial valuation allowance.

 

The net expense during year ended December 31, 2014 consisted of current income tax expense of $3.1 million and a net deferred tax benefit of ($0.3) million. The current tax expense consists primarily of income tax from our U.S., U.K. and India based operations, Alternative Minimum Tax (“AMT”) and unrecoverable foreign withholding tax in the U.S.  U.S. income taxes payable of $1.4 million were offset due to realization of NOL comprised of windfall tax benefits related to stock-based compensation. Unused windfall tax benefits may not be recorded as an asset on our Consolidated Balance Sheets but are recorded as a reduction to our taxes payable when realized, with a corresponding credit to additional paid in capital.  The deferred tax benefit was related primarily to the increase of certain net deferred tax assets in the U.S.  In addition, we had a deferred tax expense from our U.K.-based operations and Evolving Systems Labs related to a decrease in net deferred tax assets including intangible assets.

 

Our effective tax rates for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 were 30%, 22% and 33%, respectively.  The effective tax rate increased in 2016 compared to 2015 due to aforementioned foreign tax credits utilized in 2015.  The effective tax rate decreased during 2015 due to the aforementioned foreign tax credits and lower profits. The effective tax rate increased in 2014 primarily attributable to higher profits from our U.K. subsidiary.

 

In conjunction with the acquisition of Evolving Systems Labs in October 2013, we recorded certain identifiable intangible assets of $0.7 million.  These assets are amortizable for both book and tax purposes.  Identifiable intangible assets in the amount of $4.6 million were recorded in conjunction with the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC.  These assets are amortizable for book purposes but not tax purposes.

 

The Company has the intent and current ability to indefinitely reinvest profits of Evolving Systems India for the year ended December 31, 2016. Undistributed foreign earnings for the year ended December 31, 2016 are approximately $1.0 million. Repatriation to the U.S. in the form of dividend distributions from the India controlled foreign subsidiary would give rise to taxation.

 

We use a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities.  As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we had no liability for unrecognized tax benefits.  We do not believe there will be any material changes to our unrecognized tax positions over the next twelve months.

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Our working capital position of $8.0 million at December 31, 2016 reflects an increase of $4.5 million from our working capital position of $3.5 million at December 31, 2015.  The increase is primarily related to the $10.0 million borrowed on our short term revolving line of credit to fund the initial payment of the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC, which was converted to a long-term loan in 2016, and decreases in our accounts receivable and unbilled work-in-progress offset by an increase in our current term loan balance, deferred revenue and tax liabilities.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

We have historically financed operations through cash flows from operations as well as debt and equity transactions.  At December 31, 2016, our principal sources of liquidity were $7.6 million in cash and cash equivalents and $5.9 million in contract receivables, net of allowances.  On February 29, 2016, we entered into the Fifth Amendment to the Loan and Security Agreement with East West Bank which provides for a Term Loan (the “Term Loan”) for $6.0 million.  The $6.0 million loan bears interest at a floating rate equal to the U.S.A. Prime Rate plus 1.0%.  As of December 31, 2016, the U.S.A. Prime Rate was 3.75%. The Term Loan is secured by substantially all of the assets of Evolving Systems, including a pledge, subject to certain limitations with respect to stock of foreign subsidiaries, of the stock of the existing and future direct subsidiaries of Evolving Systems.  Interest accrues from the date the Term Loan was made at the aforementioned rate and is payable monthly.  The Term Loan shall be repaid in 36 equal monthly installments of principal, plus accrued but unpaid interest, commencing on January 1, 2017 and continuing on the first day of each month thereafter through and including January 1, 2020.  On the Term Loan maturity date, the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and all accrued and unpaid interest thereon shall be immediately due and payable.  The Term Loan, once repaid, may not be reborrowed. We must maintain a minimum current ratio, a specified ratio of Total Liabilities to EBITDA and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio which are as defined in the Term Loan. The Term Loan requires us to pay two annual credit facility fees of $18,750 and legal fee equal to $1,000. The Term Loan agreement required us to use the term loan’s proceeds and $4.0 million from our cash balances to pay off and terminate a Revolving Facilities Loan and Security Agreement with East West Bank totaling $10.0 million.  The Term Loan matures on January 1, 2020.  As of the date this Form 10-K was filed, we are in compliance with our covenants.

 

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Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 was $6.9 million, $2.2 million and ($0.4) million, respectively.  The increase in cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 was primarily due to higher collections of contract receivables and decreased unbilled work-in-progress as-well-as increases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and unearned revenue.

 

The increase in cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was primarily due to higher billings and collections of contract receivables partially offset by decreases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and unearned revenue.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $0.1 million, $9.2 million and $0.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  Cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2016 was related to the purchase of property and equipment.  During 2016, 2015 and 2014, we purchased $0.1 million, $0.2 million and $0.6 million in property and equipment to support operations, respectively.  Historically, capital expenditures have been financed by cash from operating activities.

 

Cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was related to the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC and purchase of property and equipment.  Refer to Note 2, Acquisition, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding the acquisition.

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities was ($6.6) million, $5.9 million and ($3.2) million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The net cash used by financing activities as of December 31, 2016 is due to proceeds from the term loan of $6.0 million, which was used along with $4.0 million of cash-on-hand to pay off the revolving line of credit of $10.0 million and $2.6 million paid for dividends.

 

The net cash provided by financing activities as of December 31, 2015 is due to proceeds from the revolving line of credit of $10.0 million for the initial payment of the acquisition of Evolving Systems NC, $0.8 million in windfall tax benefits from stock-based compensation and $0.3 million in proceeds from the exercise of stock options offset by payments of $5.1 million for dividends.

 

We believe that our current cash and cash equivalents, together with anticipated cash flow from operations will be sufficient to meet our working capital, debt extinguishment and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next twelve months. In making this assessment, we considered the following:

 

·                  Our cash and cash equivalents balance at December 31, 2016 of $7.6 million;

 

·                  Our working capital balance of $8.0 million;

 

·                  Our ability to historically generate positive operating cash flows;

 

·                  Our planned capital expenditures of less than $1.0 million during 2017.

 

We are exposed to foreign currency rate risks which impact the carrying amount of our foreign subsidiaries and our consolidated equity, as well as our consolidated cash position due to translation adjustments. For the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, the effect of exchange rate changes resulted in a ($1.1) million decrease,  ($0.3) million decrease and a $0.2 million increase to consolidated cash, respectively.  We do not currently hedge our foreign currency exposure, but we closely monitor the rate changes and may hedge our exposures in the future.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have a material current effect, or that are reasonably likely to have a material future effect, on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

 

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

 

The following summarizes our significant contractual obligations as of December 31, 2016, which are comprised of a capital lease and operating leases (in thousands).

 

 

 

Payments due by period

 

 

 

Total

 

2017

 

2018

 

2019

 

2020

 

2021

 

Capital lease

 

$

1

 

$

1

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

Operating leases

 

1,011

 

544

 

325

 

142

 

 

 

Total commitments

 

$

1,012

 

$

545

 

$

325

 

$

142

 

$

 

$

 

 

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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Our significant accounting policies are disclosed in Note 1 of our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  The following discussion addresses our most critical accounting policies, which are those that are both important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and that require significant judgment or use of complex estimates.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue when an agreement is signed, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. We recognize revenue from two primary sources: license fees and services.  The majority of our license fees and services revenue is generated from fixed-price contracts, which provide for licenses to our software products and services to customize such software to meet our customers’ use.  When the customization services are determined to be essential to the functionality of the delivered software, we recognize revenue using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. In these types of arrangements, we do not typically have vendor specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of fair value on the license fee/services portion (services are related to customizing the software) of the arrangement due to the large amount of customization required by our customers; however, we do have VSOE for the warranty/maintenance services based on the renewal rate of the first year of maintenance in the arrangement. The license/services portion is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting and the warranty/maintenance services are separated based on the renewal rate in the contract and recognized ratably over the warranty or maintenance period. We estimate the percentage-of-completion for each contract based on the ratio of direct labor hours incurred to total estimated direct labor hours and recognize revenue based on the percent complete multiplied by the contract amount allocated to the license fee/services.  Since estimated direct labor hours, and changes thereto, can have a significant impact on revenue recognition, these estimates are critical and we review them regularly. If the arrangement includes a customer acceptance provision, the hours to complete the acceptance testing are included in the total estimated direct labor hours; therefore, the related revenue is recognized as the acceptance testing is performed. Revenue is not recognized in full until the customer has provided proof of acceptance on the arrangement.  Generally, our contracts are accounted for individually. However, when certain criteria are met, it may be necessary to account for two or more contracts as one to reflect the substance of the group of contracts. We record amounts billed in advance of services being performed as unearned revenue. Unbilled work-in-progress represents revenue earned but not yet billable under the terms of the fixed-price contracts. All such amounts are expected to be billed and collected within 12 months.

 

We may encounter budget and schedule overruns on fixed-price contracts caused by increased labor or overhead costs. We make adjustments to cost estimates in the period in which the facts requiring such revisions become known. We record estimated losses, if any, in the period in which current estimates of total contract revenue and contract costs indicate a loss. If revisions to cost estimates are obtained after the balance sheet date but before the issuance of the interim or annual financial statements, we make adjustments to the interim or annual financial statements accordingly.

 

In arrangements where the services are not essential to the functionality of the delivered software, we recognize license revenue when a license agreement has been signed, delivery and acceptance have occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Where applicable, we unbundle and record as revenue fees from multiple element arrangements as the elements are delivered to the extent that VSOE of fair value of the undelivered elements exist. If VSOE for the undelivered elements does not exist, we defer fees from such arrangements until the earlier of the date that VSOE does exist on the undelivered elements or all of the elements have been delivered.

 

We recognize revenue from fixed-price service contracts using the proportional performance method of accounting, which is similar to the percentage-of-completion method described above. We recognize revenue from professional services provided pursuant to time-and-materials based contracts and training services as the services are performed, as that is when our obligation to our customers under such arrangements is fulfilled.

 

We recognize revenue from our managed services contracts primarily ratably over the service contract period.  On occasion, our managed services contracts will contain a specified number of hours to work over the term of the contract.  Revenue for this type of managed service contract is recognized using the proportional performance method of accounting.

 

We recognize revenue from our Mobile Data Enablement (“MDE”) contracts based on the number of transactions per month multiplied by a factor based on a unique table for transaction volumes relating to each account at a rate for the particular Tier level attained.

 

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We recognize customer support, including maintenance revenue, ratably over the service contract period. When maintenance is bundled with the original license fee arrangement, its fair value, based upon VSOE, is deferred and recognized during the periods when services are provided.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We make judgments related to our ability to collect outstanding accounts receivable and unbilled work-in-progress. We provide allowances for receivables when their collection becomes doubtful by recording an expense. We determine the allowance based on our assessment of the realization of receivables using historical information and current economic trends, including assessing the probability of collection from customers. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments owed to us, an increase in the allowance for doubtful accounts would be required. We evaluate the adequacy of the allowance regularly and make adjustments accordingly. Adjustments to the allowance for doubtful accounts could materially affect our results of operations.

 

Income Taxes

 

Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes. We assess the likelihood that our deferred tax asset will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent we believe that recovery is not likely, we establish a valuation allowance. We consider future taxable income projections, historical results and ongoing tax planning strategies in assessing the recoverability of deferred tax assets. However, adjustments could be required in the future if we determine that the amount to be realized is less or greater than the amount that we recorded. Such adjustments, if any, could have a material impact on our results of our operations.

 

We use a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities.  The Company uses the incremental approach to recognizing excess tax benefits associated with equity compensation.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is the excess of acquisition cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired.  Goodwill is not amortized, but tested for impairment annually or whenever indicators of impairment exist. These indicators may include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business or other factors. Application of the goodwill impairment test requires judgment, including the identification of reporting units, assignment of assets and liabilities to reporting units, assignment of goodwill to reporting units, and determination of the fair value of each reporting unit.

 

We performed our annual goodwill impairment test as of July 31, 2016, at which time we had $21.5 million of goodwill included in the following reporting units, License and Services (“L&S”) - U.S. of $6.3 million, U.K. of $6.1 million, India of $0.2 million and Customer Support (“CS”) — U.S. of $1.5 million and U.K. of $7.4 million. The fair value of each reporting unit was estimated using both market and income based approaches. Specifically, we incorporated observed market multiple data from selected guideline public companies and values arrived at through the application of discounted cash flow analyses which in turn were based upon our financial projections as of the valuation date. We believe that a market participant would weigh both possibilities without a bias to one or the other. Consequently, we gave equal consideration to both. This analysis requires significant judgments, including estimation of future cash flows, which is dependent on internal forecasts, estimation of the long-term rate of growth for our business, estimation of the useful life over which cash flows will occur, and determination of our weighted average cost of capital. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value and goodwill impairment for each reporting unit. If the carrying value of a reporting unit were to exceed its fair value, we would then compare the fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill to its carrying amount, and any excess of the carrying amount over the fair value would be charged to operations as an impairment loss. If the projected future performance of our segment as estimated in the income valuation approach is adjusted downward or is lower than expected in the future, we could be required to record a goodwill impairment charge.  As a result of the first step of the 2016 goodwill impairment analysis, the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded its carrying value.  Therefore the second step was not necessary.  Due to our transition of packaging our products and services into a single managed service offering, we have determined we have one reporting unit.  We do not believe the aggregation of our reporting units impacts the value of our goodwill nor are there any events through the date this Form 10K was filed which impacts our assumptions on the determination of the fair value of our goodwill.

 

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Intangible Assets

 

Amortizable intangible assets consist primarily of purchased software and licenses, customer contracts and relationships, trademarks and tradenames, and business partnerships acquired in conjunction with our acquisition of Evolving Systems U.K., Evolving Systems Labs and Evolving Systems NC.  These definite life assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated lives.

 

We assess the impairment of identifiable intangibles if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable.

 

If we determine that the carrying value of intangibles and/or long-lived assets may not be recoverable, we compare the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition to the asset’s carrying amount. If an amortizable intangible or long-lived asset is not deemed to be recoverable, we recognize an impairment loss representing the excess of the asset’s carrying value over its estimated fair value.

 

Capitalization of Internal Software Development Costs

 

We expend amounts on product development, particularly for new products and/or for enhancements of existing products. For internal development of software products that are to be licensed by us, we expense the cost of developing software prior to establishing technological feasibility and those costs are capitalized once technological feasibility has been established. Capitalization ceases upon general release of the software. The determination of whether internal software development costs are subject to capitalization is, by its nature, highly subjective and involves significant judgments. This decision could significantly affect earnings during the development period.  Further, once capitalized, the software costs are generally amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated economic life of the product. The determination of the expected useful life of a product is highly judgmental. Finally, capitalized software costs must be assessed for impairment if facts and circumstances warrant such a review.

 

We did not capitalize any internal software development costs during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015, or 2014. In addition, we did not have any capitalized internal software development costs included in our December 31, 2016 and 2015 Consolidated Balance Sheets. We believe that during these periods no material internal software development costs were required to be capitalized. Our conclusion is primarily based on the fact that the feature-rich, pre-integrated, and highly-scalable nature of our products requires that our development efforts include complex design, coding and testing methodologies, which include next generation software languages and development tools. Development projects of this nature carry a high degree of development risk.

 

Substantially all of our internal software development efforts are of this nature, and therefore, we believe the period between achieving technological feasibility and the general release of the software to operations is so short that any costs incurred during this period are not material.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

We account for stock-based compensation by applying a fair-value-based measurement method to account for share-based payment transactions with employees and directors and record compensation cost for all stock awards granted after January 1, 2006 and awards modified, repurchased, or cancelled after that date. We record compensation costs associated with the vesting of unvested options on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.  Stock-based compensation is a non-cash expense because we settle these obligations by issuing shares of our common stock instead of settling such obligations with cash payments.  We use the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value of each option grant on the date of grant.  This model requires the use of estimates for expected term of the options and expected volatility of the price of our common stock.

 

ITEM 7A.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

In the ordinary course of business, we are exposed to certain market risks, including changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. Uncertainties that are either non-financial or non-quantifiable such as political, economic, tax, other regulatory, or credit risks are not included in the following assessment of market risks.

 

Interest Rate Risks

 

Our cash balances are subject to interest rate fluctuations and as a result, interest income amounts may fluctuate from current levels.  As of December 31, 2016 we had $6.0 million outstanding under our term loan, which under the loan bears interest at variable rates.  Refer to Note 5, Long-Term Debt, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding the Term loan.

 

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Foreign Currency Risk

 

We are exposed to fluctuations of the U.S. dollar (our functional currency) against the currencies of our operating subsidiaries. Any increase (decrease) in the value of the U.S. dollar against any foreign currency that is the functional currency of one of our operating subsidiaries will cause the parent company to experience unrealized foreign currency translation losses (gains) with respect to amounts already invested in such foreign currencies.  In addition, we and our operating subsidiaries are exposed to foreign currency risk to the extent that we enter into transactions denominated in currencies other than our respective functional currencies, such as revenue and related accounts receivable (including intercompany amounts) that are denominated in a currency other than their own functional currency. Changes in exchange rates with respect to these items will result in unrealized (based upon period-end exchange rates) or realized foreign currency transaction gains and losses upon settlement of the transactions. In addition, we are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations related to our operating subsidiaries’ monetary assets and liabilities and the financial results of foreign subsidiaries and affiliates when their respective financial statements are translated into U.S. dollars for inclusion in our consolidated financial statements. We record cumulative translation adjustments in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of equity. As a result of foreign currency risk, we may experience economic loss and a negative impact on earnings and equity with respect to our holdings solely as a result of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

 

The relationship between the British Pound Sterling, Indian rupee and the U.S. dollar, which is our functional currency, is shown below, per one U.S. dollar:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

 

Spot rates:

 

2016

 

2015

 

British pound sterling

 

0.81103

 

0.67495

 

Indian rupee

 

67.95500

 

66.15844

 

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

Average rates:

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

British pound sterling

 

0.74067

 

0.65442

 

0.60724

 

Indian rupee

 

67.19148

 

64.14862

 

61.14301

 

 

At the present time, we do not hedge our foreign currency exposure or use derivative financial instruments that are designed to reduce our long-term exposure to foreign currency exchange risk.  We continually monitor our foreign currency exchange risk and we may consider various options to reduce this risk in the future.

 

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ITEM 8.        FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

Board of Directors and Stockholders

Evolving Systems, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Evolving Systems, Inc. (a Delaware corporation, the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income (loss), changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016. Evolving Systems, Inc.’s management is responsible for these financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Evolving Systems, Inc. as of December 31, 2016, and 2015, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2016 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

/s/ FRIEDMAN LLP

 

East Hanover, New Jersey

March 28, 2017

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands except share data)

 

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

7,614

 

$

8,400

 

Contract receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $221 and $83 at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

5,867

 

7,727

 

Unbilled work-in-progress

 

3,376

 

4,158

 

Prepaid and other current assets

 

1,553

 

1,459

 

Total current assets

 

18,410

 

21,744

 

Property and equipment, net

 

546

 

560

 

Amortizable intangible assets, net

 

4,200

 

4,983

 

Goodwill

 

20,599

 

23,142

 

Total assets

 

$

43,755

 

$

50,429

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion of capital lease obligations

 

$

1

 

$

5

 

Revolving Line of credit

 

 

10,000

 

Term Loan - Current

 

1,997

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

4,274

 

4,607

 

Income taxes payable

 

617

 

324

 

Unearned revenue

 

3,532

 

3,330

 

Total current liabilities

 

10,421

 

18,266

 

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital lease obligations, net of current portion

 

 

1

 

Term Loan, net of current portion

 

4,000

 

 

Total liabilities

 

14,421

 

18,267

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies:

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized;
12,086,280 shares issued and 11,907,391 outstanding as of December 31, 2016 and
11,970,731 shares issued and 11,791,842 outstanding as of December 31, 2015

 

12

 

12

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

97,744

 

97,418

 

Treasury stock 178,889 shares, at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, at cost

 

(1,253

)

(1,253

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(9,992

)

(5,999

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(57,177

)

(58,016

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

29,334

 

32,162

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

43,755

 

$

50,429

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(in thousands except per share data)

 

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

License fees

 

$

2,873

 

$

3,161

 

$

5,027

 

Services

 

21,905

 

22,415

 

24,653

 

Total revenue

 

24,778

 

25,576

 

29,680

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COSTS OF REVENUE AND OPERATING EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization

 

5,297

 

6,449

 

7,648

 

Sales and marketing

 

4,965

 

5,844

 

5,734

 

General and administrative

 

3,855

 

4,003

 

3,638

 

Product development

 

3,014

 

3,847

 

3,643

 

Depreciation

 

259

 

314

 

246

 

Amortization

 

783

 

266

 

95

 

Restructuring

 

1,010

 

533

 

237

 

Total costs of revenue and operating expenses

 

19,183

 

21,256

 

21,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from operations

 

5,595

 

4,320

 

8,439

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

6

 

18

 

19

 

Interest expense

 

(340

)

(121

)

(17

)

Other (expense) income

 

183

 

 

(27

)

Foreign currency exchange loss

 

(552

)

(6

)

(9

)

Other (expense) income, net

 

(703

)

(109

)

(34

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

4,892

 

4,211

 

8,405

 

Income tax expense

 

1,457

 

915

 

2,797

 

Net income

 

$

3,435

 

$

3,296

 

$

5,608

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic income per common share - net income

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted income per common share - net income

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.28

 

$

0.47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.22

 

$

0.44

 

$

0.42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average basic shares outstanding

 

11,845

 

11,693

 

11,642

 

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding

 

11,961

 

11,935

 

11,926

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,435

 

$

3,296

 

$

5,608

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation loss

 

(3,993

)

(1,465

)

(1,518

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive (loss) income

 

$

(558

)

$

1,831

 

$

4,090

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Paid-in

 

Treasury

 

Comprehensive

 

Accumulated

 

Stockholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Stock

 

Income (Loss)

 

(Deficit)

 

Equity 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013

 

11,600,618

 

$

12

 

$

93,895

 

$

(1,253

)

$

(3,016

)

$

(56,903

)

$

32,735

 

Stock option exercises

 

56,186

 

 

245

 

 

 

 

245

 

Common Stock issued pursuant to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

7,352

 

 

55

 

 

 

 

55

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

401

 

 

 

 

401

 

Issuance of common stock related to acquisition

 

1,832

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

19

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 

 

1,390

 

 

 

 

1,390

 

Restricted stock issuance, net of cancellations

 

(1,313

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock cash dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,883

)

(4,883

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,608

 

5,608

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(1,518

)

 

(1,518

)

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

11,664,675

 

$

12

 

$

96,005

 

$

(1,253

)

$

(4,534

)

$

(56,178

)

$

34,052

 

Stock option exercises

 

99,897

 

 

243

 

 

 

 

243

 

Common Stock issued pursuant to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

8,302

 

 

57

 

 

 

 

57

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

317

 

 

 

 

317

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 

 

796

 

 

 

 

796

 

Restricted stock issuance, net of cancellations

 

18,968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock cash dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,134

)

(5,134

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,296

 

3,296

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(1,465

)

 

(1,465

)

Balance at December 31, 2015

 

11,791,842

 

$

12

 

$

97,418

 

$

(1,253

)

$

(5,999

)

$

(58,016

)

$

32,162

 

Stock option exercises

 

112,185

 

 

51

 

 

 

 

51

 

Common Stock issued pursuant to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

3,364

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

16

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

259

 

 

 

 

259

 

Common stock cash dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,596

)

(2,596

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,435

 

3,435

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

(3,993

)

 

(3,993

)

Balance at December 31, 2016

 

11,907,391

 

$

12

 

$

97,744

 

$

(1,253

)

$

(9,992

)

$

(57,177

)

$

29,334

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

3,435

 

$

3,296

 

$

5,608

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

259

 

314

 

246

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

783

 

266

 

95

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

32

 

14

 

15

 

Stock based compensation

 

259

 

317

 

401

 

Gain on earn-out from acquisition of Telespree

 

(178

)

 

 

Unrealized foreign currency transaction losses, net

 

552

 

6

 

9

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

150

 

41

 

 

Benefit from deferred income taxes

 

(24

)

(1,123

)

(282

)

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contract receivables

 

643

 

2,202

 

(3,398

)

Unbilled work-in-progress

 

204

 

721

 

(2,977

)

Prepaid and other assets

 

(182

)

(120

)

(214

)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

276

 

(2,305

)

985

 

Unearned revenue

 

687

 

(1,404

)

(888

)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

6,896

 

2,225

 

(400

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(61

)

(198

)

(588

)

Business combinations, net of cash

 

 

(9,014

)

 

Restricted cash

 

 

 

24

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(61

)

(9,212

)

(564

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital lease payments

 

(5

)

(5

)

(8

)

Proceeds from revolving line of credit

 

 

10,000

 

 

Payments of the revolving line of credit

 

(10,000

)

 

 

Proceeds from the term loan

 

6,000

 

 

 

Payments for debt issuance costs

 

(20

)

 

 

Common stock cash dividends

 

(2,596

)

(5,143

)

(4,883

)

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

 

797

 

1,390

 

Proceeds from the issuance of stock

 

67

 

300

 

300

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(6,554

)

5,949

 

(3,201

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

(1,067

)

(343

)

161

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(786

)

(1,381

)

(4,004

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

8,400

 

9,781

 

13,785

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

$

7,614

 

$

8,400

 

$

9,781

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash and non-cash investing and financing transactions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

312

 

$

107

 

$

1

 

Income taxes paid

 

1,270

 

2,089

 

182

 

Common stock dividends declared

 

2,636

 

5,221

 

4,966

 

Property and equipment purchased and included in accounts payable

 

244

 

1

 

191

 

Issuance of common stock related to acquisition

 

 

 

19

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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EVOLVING SYSTEMS, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Organization — We are a provider of software solutions and services to the wireless, wireline and cable markets. We maintain long-standing relationships with many of the largest wireless, wireline and cable companies worldwide. Our customers rely on us to develop, deploy, enhance and maintain software solutions that provide a variety of service activation and provisioning functions.  In 2016, we began a shift from selling technology to offering business solutions. The value proposition has moved from cost savings to revenue increases for the carrier and our business model has moved from classic capex license and services to opex models based on recurring managed services with performance fees.  Our service activation solution, Tertio® (“TSA”) is used to activate bundles of voice, video and data services for wireless, wireline and cable network operators; our SIM card activation solution, Dynamic SIM Allocation TM (“DSA”) is used to dynamically allocate and assign resources to Mobile Network Operators (“MNOs”) devices that rely on SIM cards; our Mobile Data Enablement TM (“MDE”) solution provides a data consumption and policy management solution for wireless carriers and Mobile Virtual Network Operators (“MVNOs”) that monitor the usage and consumption of data services; our Total Number Management™ (“TNM”) product is a scalable and fully automated database solution that enables operators to reliably and efficiently manage their telephone numbers as well as other communication identifiers (i.e. SIMs, MSISDNs, IMSIs, ICCIDs, IPs). Our solutions can be deployed on premise or as a Software-as-a-Service (“SaaS”).

 

On September 30, 2015 we announced the acquisition of privately held RateIntegration, Inc., d/b/a Sixth Sense Media (“SSM”), a provider of real time analytics and marketing solutions to wireless carriers.  SSM’s software solution platform, Real-time Lifecycle Marketing™ (“RLM”), enables carriers’ marketing departments to innovate, execute and manage highly-personalized and contextually-relevant, interactive campaigns that engage consumers in real time.

 

We believe the addition of SSM’s RLM product to our existing service activation and data enablement products will produce a powerful platform for wireless carriers. A product suite which we refer to as our Mobile Marketing Solutions (“MMS”) will provide sophisticated, highly tailored mobile campaigns which can be executed based on critical subscriber data captured during the initial activation experience (DSA and RLM) as well as in-life subscriber usage via MDE.  We see the opportunity to leverage our technology to provide MNOs with sophisticated mobile marketing campaigns that will extend beyond voice, text and data usage campaigns and provide marketing services that will assist MNOs to market services that include retail mobile marketing, gaming and streaming video as well as social media based campaigns.

 

Business Combination - On September 30, 2015 we acquired SSM, now known as Evolving Systems NC.  This business combination is reflected in these consolidated financial statements since the acquisition date.  Refer to Note 2, Acquisition, for more information regarding the acquisition.

 

We account for business combinations in accordance with the acquisition method. The acquisition method of accounting requires that assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at their fair values on the date of a business acquisition.  The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired is recognized as goodwill. Certain adjustments to the assessed fair values of the assets and liabilities made subsequent to the acquisition date, but within the measurement period, which is up to one year, are recorded as adjustments to goodwill. Any adjustments subsequent to the measurement period are recorded in income.  Our consolidated financial statements and results of operations reflect an acquired business from the completion date of an acquisition.

 

The judgments that we make in determining the estimated fair value assigned to each class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as well as asset lives, can materially impact net income in periods following a business combination. We generally use either the income, cost or market approach to aid in our conclusions of such fair values and asset lives. The income approach presumes that the value of an asset can be estimated by the net economic benefit to be received over the life of the asset, discounted to present value. The cost approach presumes that an investor would pay no more for an asset than its replacement or reproduction cost. The market approach estimates value based on what other participants in the market have paid for reasonably similar assets. Although each valuation approach is considered in valuing the assets acquired, the approach ultimately selected is based on the characteristics of the asset and the availability of information.

 

Principles of Consolidation — The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Evolving Systems, Inc. and subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned.  All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

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Reclassifications - Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2015 and 2014 financial statements to conform to the consolidated 2016 financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net earnings or cash flows as previously reported.

 

Use of Estimates — The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We made estimates with respect to revenue recognition for estimated hours to complete projects accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method, allowance for doubtful accounts, income tax valuation allowance, fair values of long-lived assets, valuation of intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives for property, equipment and intangible assets, business combinations, capitalization of internal software development costs and fair value of stock-based compensation amounts.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Foreign Currency — Our functional currency is the U.S. dollar.  The functional currency of our foreign operations, generally, is the respective local currency for each foreign subsidiary.  Assets and liabilities of foreign operations denominated in local currencies are translated at the spot rate in effect at the applicable reporting date.  Our consolidated balance sheets are translated at the spot rate of exchange during the applicable period.  Our consolidated statements of operations are translated at the weighted average rate of exchange during the applicable period.  The resulting unrealized cumulative translation adjustment is recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity.  Realized and unrealized transaction gains and losses generated by transactions denominated in a currency different from the functional currency of the applicable entity are recorded in other income (loss) in the period in which they occur.

 

Goodwill - Goodwill is the excess of acquisition cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired.  Goodwill is not amortized, but tested for impairment annually or whenever indicators of impairment exist. These indicators may include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business or other factors. For purposes of the goodwill evaluation, we compare the fair value of each of our reporting units to its respective carrying amount. If the carrying value of a reporting unit were to exceed its fair value, we would then compare the fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill to its carrying amount, and any excess of the carrying amount over the fair value would be charged to operations as an impairment loss.

 

Intangible Assets - Amortizable intangible assets consist primarily of purchased software and licenses, customer contracts and relationships, trademarks and tradenames, and business partnerships acquired in conjunction with our purchase of Evolving Systems Labs and Evolving Systems NC.  These assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated lives.