10-Q 1 d102741d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

  x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED November 30, 2015

OR

 

  ¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File Number: 1-15829

FEDEX CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   62-1721435

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

942 South Shady Grove Road Memphis, Tennessee   38120
(Address of principal executive offices)   (ZIP Code)

(901) 818-7500

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer x

  Accelerated filer ¨                         Non-accelerated filer ¨                   Smaller reporting company ¨
  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Stock   Outstanding Shares at December 15, 2015
Common Stock, par value $0.10 per share   275,615,246

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FEDEX CORPORATION

INDEX

 

     PAGE  
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

  

       Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015

     3   

       Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     5   

       Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three and Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     6   

       Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Six Months Ended November 30, 2015 and 2014

     7   

      Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     8   

      Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     26   

ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition

     27   

ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     53   

ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures

     53   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings

     54   

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

     54   

ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     54   

ITEM 6. Exhibits

     54   

Signature

     56   

Exhibit Index

     E-1   

Exhibit 10.1

Exhibit 10.2

Exhibit 10.3

Exhibit 10.4

Exhibit 10.5

Exhibit 10.6

Exhibit 12.1

Exhibit 15.1

Exhibit 31.1

Exhibit 31.2

Exhibit 32.1

Exhibit 32.2

Exhibit 101–Instance Document

Exhibit  101–Schema Document

Exhibit 101–Calculation Linkbase Document

Exhibit 101–Presentation Linkbase Document

Exhibit 101–Definition Linkbase Document

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN MILLIONS)

 

     November 30,         
     2015      May 31,  
     (Unaudited)      2015  

ASSETS

     

CURRENT ASSETS

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3,647      $ 3,763  

Receivables, less allowances of $178 and $185

     5,865        5,719  

Spare parts, supplies and fuel, less allowances of $214 and $207

     493        498  

Deferred income taxes

     687        606  

Prepaid expenses and other

     460        355  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     11,152        10,941  

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, AT COST

     45,242        42,864  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     22,964        21,989  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net property and equipment

     22,278        20,875  

OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS

     

Goodwill

     3,806        3,810  

Other assets

     1,135        1,443  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other long-term assets

     4,941        5,253  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $   38,371      $   37,069  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

 

     November 30,        
     2015     May 31,  
     (Unaudited)     2015  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

    

CURRENT LIABILITIES

    

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ 14     $ 19  

Accrued salaries and employee benefits

     1,510       1,436  

Accounts payable

     2,129       2,066  

Accrued expenses

     2,298       2,436  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     5,951       5,957  

LONG-TERM DEBT, LESS CURRENT PORTION

     8,481       7,249  

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

    

Deferred income taxes

     1,759       1,747  

Pension, postretirement healthcare and other benefit obligations

     4,702       4,893  

Self-insurance accruals

     1,265       1,120  

Deferred lease obligations

     840       711  

Deferred gains, principally related to aircraft transactions

     167       181  

Other liabilities

     216       218  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other long-term liabilities

     8,949       8,870  

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

    

COMMON STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

    

Common stock, $0.10 par value; 800 million shares authorized; 318 million shares issued as of November 30, 2015 and May 31, 2015

     32       32  

Additional paid-in capital

     2,839       2,786  

Retained earnings

     18,048       16,900  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     (41     172  

Treasury stock, at cost

     (5,888     (4,897
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total common stockholders’ investment

     14,990       14,993  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $   38,371     $   37,069  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

(IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     November 30,     November 30,  
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

REVENUES

   $   12,453     $   11,939     $   24,732     $   23,623  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

        

Salaries and employee benefits

     4,570       4,229       9,095       8,343  

Purchased transportation

     2,538       2,185       4,882       4,239  

Rentals and landing fees

     682       663       1,377       1,323  

Depreciation and amortization

     653       651       1,301       1,302  

Fuel

     615       1,052       1,327       2,172  

Maintenance and repairs

     529       543       1,077       1,099  

Other

     1,729       1,528       3,392       2,995  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     11,316       10,851       22,451       21,473  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING INCOME

     1,137       1,088       2,281       2,150  

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):

        

Interest, net

     (74     (47     (137     (95

Other, net

     (8     5       (5     3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (82     (42     (142     (92
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

     1,055       1,046       2,139       2,058  

PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

     364       383       756       742  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 691     $ 663     $ 1,383     $ 1,316  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:

        

Basic

   $ 2.47     $ 2.34     $ 4.92     $ 4.63  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 2.44     $ 2.31     $ 4.86     $ 4.57  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER COMMON SHARE

   $ 0.25     $ 0.20     $ 0.75     $ 0.60  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

(IN MILLIONS)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     November 30,     November 30,  
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

NET INCOME

   $   691     $   663     $   1,383     $   1,316  

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS):

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $4, $14, $17 and $23

     (33     (122     (171     (153

Amortization of prior service credit, net of tax of $11, $11, $18 and $21

     (18     (18     (42     (34
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (51     (140     (213     (187
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $ 640     $ 523     $ 1,170     $ 1,129  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(IN MILLIONS)

 

     Six Months Ended  
     November 30,  
     2015     2014  

Operating Activities:

    

Net income

   $ 1,383     $ 1,316  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     1,301       1,302  

Provision for uncollectible accounts

     57       78  

Stock-based compensation

     86       79  

Deferred income taxes and other noncash items

     (48     (37

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Receivables

     (263     (317

Other assets

     (113     (46

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     66       (201

Other, net

     (15     (23
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash provided by operating activities

     2,454       2,151  

Investing Activities:

    

Capital expenditures

     (2,562     (1,890

Proceeds from asset dispositions and other

     12       7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash used in investing activities

     (2,550     (1,883

Financing Activities:

    

Principal payments on debt

     (17     (1

Proceeds from debt issuances

     1,238        

Proceeds from stock issuances

     62       189  

Excess tax benefit on the exercise of stock options

     8       23  

Dividends paid

     (141     (114

Purchase of treasury stock

     (1,101     (947

Other, net

     (16      
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     33       (850
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     (53     (60
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (116     (642

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     3,763       2,908  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 3,647     $ 2,266  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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FEDEX CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

(1) General

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES. These interim financial statements of FedEx Corporation (“FedEx”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) instructions for interim financial information, and should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended May 31, 2015 (“Annual Report”). Accordingly, significant accounting policies and other disclosures normally provided have been omitted since such items are disclosed in our Annual Report.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (including normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly our financial position as of November 30, 2015, the results of our operations for the three- and six-month periods ended November 30, 2015 and 2014 and cash flows for the six-month periods ended November 30, 2015 and 2014. Operating results for the three- and six-month periods ended November 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending May 31, 2016.

Except as otherwise specified, references to years indicate our fiscal year ending May 31, 2016 or ended May 31 of the year referenced and comparisons are to the corresponding period of the prior year.

REVENUE RECOGNITION. On June 1, 2015, we began recording revenues associated with the FedEx SmartPost service on a gross basis including postal fees in revenues and expenses, versus our previous net treatment, due to operational changes occurring in 2016 that result in us being the principal in all cases for the FedEx SmartPost service. This change has been recognized prospectively.

BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS. As discussed in our Annual Report, on April 6, 2015, we entered into a conditional agreement to acquire TNT Express N.V. (“TNT Express”) for €4.4 billion (currently, approximately $4.8 billion). This combination is expected to expand our global portfolio, particularly in Europe, lower our costs to serve our European markets by increasing density in our pickup-and-delivery operations and accelerate our global growth. This acquisition is expected to be completed in the first half of calendar year 2016. The closing of the acquisition is subject to customary conditions, including obtaining all necessary approvals and competition clearances. We expect to secure all relevant competition approvals.

We completed our acquisitions of GENCO Distribution System, Inc. (“GENCO”) and Bongo International, LLC (“Bongo”) in the third quarter of 2015 and have included the financial results and estimated fair values of the assets and liabilities related to these acquisitions in the FedEx Ground and FedEx Express segments, respectively. These acquisitions are included in the accompanying balance sheets based on an allocation of the purchase price (summarized in the table below, in millions) which reflects immaterial updates from the May 31, 2015 and August 31, 2015 estimates.

 

Current assets

   $ 344  

Property and equipment

     113  

Goodwill

     1,194  

Intangible assets

     69  

Other non-current assets

     25  

Current liabilities

     (244

Long-term liabilities

     (56
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

   $     1,445  
  

 

 

 

 

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The goodwill recorded is primarily attributable to expected benefits from synergies of the combinations with existing businesses and other acquired entities and the work force in place at GENCO. The majority of the purchase price allocated to goodwill is not deductible for U.S. income tax purposes. The intangible assets acquired consist primarily of customer-related intangible assets, which are amortized on an accelerated basis over an estimated life of 15 years.

EMPLOYEES UNDER COLLECTIVE BARGAINING ARRANGEMENTS. The pilots of Federal Express Corporation (“FedEx Express”), which represent a small number of FedEx Express’s total employees, are employed under a newly ratified collective bargaining agreement (“CBA”). The new CBA was ratified by FedEx Express pilots in a vote concluded on October 20, 2015, and is the product of 32 months of bargaining under the Railway Labor Act of 1926, as amended (“RLA”), the last 10 months of which were mediated by the National Mediation Board (the U.S. governmental agency that oversees labor agreements for entities covered by the RLA). The new CBA took effect November 2, 2015, and is scheduled to become amendable in November 2021, after a six-year term. In addition to our pilots at FedEx Express, GENCO has a small number of employees who are members of unions, and certain non-U.S. employees are unionized.

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION. We have two types of equity-based compensation: stock options and restricted stock. The key terms of the stock option and restricted stock awards granted under our incentive stock plans and all financial disclosures about these programs are set forth in our Annual Report.

Our stock-based compensation expense was $33 million for the three-month period ended November 30, 2015 and $86 million for the six-month period ended November 30, 2015. Our stock-based compensation expense was $31 million for the three-month period ended November 30, 2014 and $79 million for the six-month period ended November 30, 2014. Due to its immateriality, additional disclosures related to stock-based compensation have been excluded from this quarterly report.

RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE. New accounting rules and disclosure requirements can significantly impact our reported results and the comparability of our financial statements. These matters are described in our Annual Report.

During the quarter, we chose to early adopt the authoritative guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) requiring acquirers in a business combination to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period that the adjustment amounts are determined and eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for these adjustments. It also requires additional disclosure about the effects of the adjustments on prior periods. See the Business Acquisitions section above for further discussion regarding our recent business acquisitions.

On November 11, 2015, the FASB voted to proceed with the new lease accounting standard that will require companies to include a right-of-use asset and a liability to make lease payments on the balance sheet for all leases (except short-term leases). This new standard will have a significant impact on our accounting and financial reporting and will be effective for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2020.

On November 20, 2015, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that will require companies to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent on the balance sheet instead of separating deferred taxes into current and noncurrent amounts. This new guidance will have minimal impact on our accounting and financial reporting and will be effective for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2018.

We believe that no other new accounting guidance was adopted or issued during the first half of 2016 that is relevant to the readers of our financial statements.

TREASURY SHARES. In September 2014, our Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 15 million shares of common stock. During the second quarter of 2016, we repurchased 6.0 million shares of FedEx common stock at an average price of $151.76 per share for a total of $911 million. As of November 30, 2015, 5.1 million shares remained under the share repurchase authorization. The timing and volume of repurchases are at the discretion of management, based on market conditions and other factors. We expect to repurchase all the remaining authorized shares by the end of 2016.

 

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DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER COMMON SHARE. On November 2, 2015, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share of common stock. The dividend will be paid on January 4, 2016 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on December 14, 2015. Each quarterly dividend payment is subject to review and approval by our Board of Directors, and we evaluate our dividend payment amount on an annual basis at the end of each fiscal year.

(2) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table provides changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”), net of tax, reported in our condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods ended November 30 (in millions; amounts in parentheses indicate debits to AOCI):

 

      Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Foreign currency translation gain (loss):

        

Balance at beginning of period

   $ (391   $         50     $ (253   $         81  

Translation adjustments

     (33     (122     (171     (153
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     (424     (72     (424     (72
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Retirement plans adjustments:

        

Balance at beginning of period

     401       409       425       425  

Reclassifications from AOCI

     (18     (18     (42     (34
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

     383       391       383       391  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income at end of period

     $        (41   $ 319     $         (41   $ 319  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table presents details of the reclassifications from AOCI for the periods ended November 30 (in millions; amounts in parentheses indicate debits to earnings):

 

     Amount Reclassified from
AOCI
   

Affected Line Item in the

Income Statement

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended      
     2015     2014     2015     2014      

Amortization of retirement plans prior service credits, before tax

   $ 29     $ 29     $ 60     $ 55      Salaries and employee benefits

Income tax benefit

     (11     (11     (18     (21   Provision for income taxes
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

AOCI reclassifications, net of tax

   $ 18     $ 18     $ 42     $ 34      Net income
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

(3) Financing Arrangements

We have a shelf registration statement with the SEC that allows us to sell, in one or more future offerings, any combination of our unsecured debt securities and common stock.

During the quarter, we issued $1.25 billion of senior unsecured 4.75% fixed-rate notes due in November 2045 under our current shelf registration statement. Interest on the notes is paid semiannually. We utilized the net proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes, including share repurchases made pursuant to our current share repurchase authorization.

 

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On November 13, 2015, we replaced our revolving and letter of credit facilities with a new, single five-year $1.75 billion revolving credit facility that expires in November 2020. The facility, which includes a $500 million letter of credit sublimit, is available to finance our operations and other cash flow needs. The agreement contains a financial covenant, which requires us to maintain a ratio of debt to consolidated earnings (excluding non-cash pension mark-to-market adjustments and non-cash asset impairment charges) before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) of not more than 3.5 to 1.0, calculated as of the end of the applicable quarter on a rolling four quarters basis. The ratio of our debt to EBITDA was 1.2 to 1.0 at November 30, 2015. We believe the leverage ratio covenant is our only significant restrictive covenant in our revolving credit agreement. Our revolving credit agreement contains other customary covenants that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially restrict the conduct of our business. We are in compliance with the leverage ratio covenant and all other covenants of our revolving credit agreement and do not expect the covenants to affect our operations, including our liquidity or expected funding needs. As of November 30, 2015, no commercial paper was outstanding. However, we had a total of $318 million in letters of credit outstanding at November 30, 2015, with $182 million of the letter of credit sublimit unused under our revolving credit facility.

Long-term debt, exclusive of capital leases, had carrying values of $8.5 billion at November 30, 2015 and $7.2 billion at May 31, 2015, compared with estimated fair values of $8.5 billion at November 30, 2015 and $7.4 billion at May 31, 2015. The estimated fair values were determined based on quoted market prices and the current rates offered for debt with similar terms and maturities. The fair value of our long-term debt is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. This classification is defined as a fair value determined using market-based inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the liability, either directly or indirectly.

(4) Computation of Earnings Per Share

The calculation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the periods ended November 30 was as follows (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Basic earnings per common share:

           

Net earnings allocable to common shares(1)

   $       690      $       662      $       1,382      $       1,315  

Weighted-average common shares

     279        283        281        284  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

   $ 2.47      $ 2.34      $ 4.92      $ 4.63  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share:

           

Net earnings allocable to common shares(1)

   $ 690      $ 662      $ 1,382      $ 1,315  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares

     279        283        281        284  

Dilutive effect of share-based awards

     4        4        3        4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted-average diluted shares

     283        287        284        288  

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 2.44      $ 2.31      $ 4.86      $ 4.57  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Anti-dilutive options excluded from diluted earnings per common share

     3.7        2.2        3.6        2.2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Net earnings available to participating securities were immaterial in all periods presented.

 

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(5) Retirement Plans

We sponsor programs that provide retirement benefits to most of our employees. These programs include defined benefit pension plans, defined contribution plans and postretirement healthcare plans. Key terms of our retirement plans are provided in our Annual Report. Our retirement plans costs for the periods ended November 30 were as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
       2015          2014         2015          2014    

Defined benefit pension plans

   $ 54      $ (10   $ 107      $ (17

Defined contribution plans

     103        94       205        188  

Postretirement healthcare plans

     20        20       41        40  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 177      $ 104     $ 353      $ 211  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost of the pension and postretirement healthcare plans for the periods ended November 30 included the following components (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
         2015             2014             2015             2014      

Pension Plans

        

Service cost

   $ 165     $ 164     $ 331     $ 328  

Interest cost

     295       275       590       550  

Expected return on plan assets

     (377     (420     (754     (840

Amortization of prior service credit

     (29     (29     (60     (55
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 54     $ (10   $ 107     $ (17
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
         2015             2014             2015             2014      

Postretirement Healthcare Plans

        

Service cost

   $ 10     $ 10     $ 20     $ 20  

Interest cost

     10       10       21       20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 20     $ 20     $ 41     $ 40  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Contributions to our tax qualified U.S. domestic pension plans (“U.S. Pension Plans”) for the six-month periods ended November 30 were as follows (in millions):

 

           2015                  2014        

Required

   $ 8      $ 247  

Voluntary

     322        83  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 330      $ 330  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

In December 2015, we made an additional voluntary contribution of $165 million to our U.S. Pension Plans. Our U.S. Pension Plans have ample funds to meet expected benefit payments.

 

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(6) Business Segment Information

We provide a broad portfolio of transportation, e-commerce and business services through companies competing collectively, operating independently and managed collaboratively under the respected FedEx brand. Our primary operating companies include FedEx Express, the world’s largest express transportation company; FedEx Ground Package System, Inc. (“FedEx Ground”), a leading North American provider of small-package ground delivery services; and FedEx Freight, Inc. (“FedEx Freight”), a leading U.S. provider of less-than-truckload (“LTL”) freight services.

Our reportable segments include the following businesses:

 

FedEx Express Segment    FedEx Express (express transportation)
   FedEx Trade Networks (air and ocean freight forwarding and customs brokerage)
   FedEx SupplyChain Systems (logistics services)
   Bongo (cross-border enablement technology and solutions)
FedEx Ground Segment    FedEx Ground (small-package ground delivery)
   GENCO (third-party logistics)
FedEx Freight Segment    FedEx Freight (LTL freight transportation)
   FedEx Custom Critical (time-critical transportation)
FedEx Services Segment   

FedEx Services (sales, marketing, information technology, communications and back-office functions)

   FedEx TechConnect (customer service, technical support, billings and collections)
   FedEx Office (document and business services and package acceptance)

FedEx Services Segment

The FedEx Services segment operates combined sales, marketing, administrative and information technology functions in shared services operations that support our transportation businesses and allow us to obtain synergies from the combination of these functions. For the international regions of FedEx Express, some of these functions are performed on a regional basis by FedEx Express and reported in the FedEx Express segment in their natural expense line items.

The FedEx Services segment provides direct and indirect support to our transportation businesses, and we allocate all of the net operating costs of the FedEx Services segment (including the net operating results of FedEx Office) to reflect the full cost of operating our transportation businesses in the results of those segments. Within the FedEx Services segment allocation, the net operating results of FedEx Office, which are an immaterial component of our allocations, are allocated to FedEx Express and FedEx Ground. We review and evaluate the performance of our transportation segments based on operating income (inclusive of FedEx Services segment allocations). For the FedEx Services segment, performance is evaluated based on the impact of its total allocated net operating costs on our transportation segments.

Operating expenses for each of our transportation segments include the allocations from the FedEx Services segment to the respective transportation segments. These allocations also include charges and credits for administrative services provided between operating companies. The allocations of net operating costs are based on metrics such as relative revenues or estimated services provided. We believe these allocations approximate the net cost of providing these functions. Our allocation methodologies are refined periodically, as necessary, to reflect changes in our businesses.

 

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Eliminations, Corporate and Other

Certain FedEx operating companies provide transportation and related services for other FedEx companies outside their reportable segment. Billings for such services are based on negotiated rates, which we believe approximate fair value, and are reflected as revenues of the billing segment. These rates are adjusted from time to time based on market conditions. Such intersegment revenues and expenses are eliminated in our consolidated results and are not separately identified in the following segment information, because the amounts are not material.

Corporate and other includes corporate headquarters costs for executive officers, certain other legal and financial functions, as well as certain other costs and credits not attributed to our core business. These costs are not allocated to the business segments.

The following table provides a reconciliation of reportable segment revenues and operating income to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statement totals for the periods ended November 30 (in millions):

 

      Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
          2015             2014             2015             2014      

Revenues

        

FedEx Express segment

   $ 6,588     $ 7,024     $ 13,179     $ 13,886  

FedEx Ground segment

     4,050       3,063       7,880       6,023  

FedEx Freight segment

     1,547       1,585       3,148       3,194  

FedEx Services segment

     403       394       793       768  

Eliminations and other

     (135     (127     (268     (248
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 12,453     $ 11,939     $ 24,732     $ 23,623  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income

        

FedEx Express segment

   $ 622     $ 492     $ 1,167     $ 869  

FedEx Ground segment

     526       465       1,063       1,010  

FedEx Freight segment

     101       112       233       280  

Eliminations, corporate and other

     (112     19       (182     (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,137     $ 1,088     $ 2,281     $ 2,150  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(7) Commitments

As of November 30, 2015, our purchase commitments under various contracts for the remainder of 2016 and annually thereafter were as follows (in millions):

 

      Aircraft and
Aircraft-Related
       Other(1)           Total     

2016 (remainder)

   $ 228      $ 258      $ 486  

2017

     1,286        271        1,557  

2018

     1,755        157        1,912  

2019

     1,575        72        1,647  

2020

     1,646        24        1,670  

Thereafter

     5,867        98        5,965  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 12,357      $ 880      $ 13,237  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1)

Primarily equipment and advertising contracts.

 

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The amounts reflected in the table above for purchase commitments represent noncancelable agreements to purchase goods or services. As of November 30, 2015, our obligation to purchase six Boeing 767-300 Freighter (“B767F”) aircraft and nine Boeing 777 Freighter (“B777F”) aircraft is conditioned upon there being no event that causes FedEx Express or its employees not to be covered by the RLA. Open purchase orders that are cancelable are not considered unconditional purchase obligations for financial reporting purposes and are not included in the table above.

We had $326 million in deposits and progress payments as of November 30, 2015 on aircraft purchases and other planned aircraft-related transactions. These deposits are classified in the “Other assets” caption of our consolidated balance sheets. Aircraft and aircraft-related contracts are subject to price escalations. The following table is a summary of the key aircraft we are committed to purchase as of November 30, 2015 with the year of expected delivery:

 

        B767F          B777F          Total    

2016 (remainder)

     2               2  

2017

     12               12  

2018

     16        2        18  

2019

     13        2        15  

2020

     12        3        15  

Thereafter

     26        9        35  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     81        16        97  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

A summary of future minimum lease payments under noncancelable operating leases with an initial or remaining term in excess of one year at November 30, 2015 is as follows (in millions):

 

     Operating Leases  
     Aircraft
and Related
Equipment
     Facilities
and Other
     Total
Operating
Leases
 

2016 (remainder)

   $ 393      $ 868      $ 1,261  

2017

     403        1,954        2,357  

2018

     332        1,544        1,876  

2019

     274        1,356        1,630  

2020

     190        1,192        1,382  

Thereafter

     360        7,668        8,028  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,952      $ 14,582      $ 16,534  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Future minimum lease payments under capital leases were immaterial at November 30, 2015. While certain of our lease agreements contain covenants governing the use of the leased assets or require us to maintain certain levels of insurance, none of our lease agreements include material financial covenants or limitations.

(8) Contingencies

Wage-and-Hour. We are a defendant in a number of lawsuits containing various class-action allegations of wage-and-hour violations. The plaintiffs in these lawsuits allege, among other things, that they were forced to work “off the clock,” were not paid overtime or were not provided work breaks or other benefits. The complaints generally seek unspecified monetary damages, injunctive relief, or both. We do not believe that a material loss is reasonably possible with respect to any of these matters.

 

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Independent Contractor — Lawsuits and State Administrative Proceedings. FedEx Ground is involved in numerous class-action lawsuits (including 25 that have been certified as class actions), individual lawsuits and state tax and other administrative proceedings that claim that the company’s owner-operators should be treated as employees, rather than independent contractors.

Most of the class-action lawsuits were consolidated for administration of the pre-trial proceedings by a single federal court, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana. The multidistrict litigation court granted class certification in 28 cases and denied it in 14 cases. On December 13, 2010, the court entered an opinion and order addressing all outstanding motions for summary judgment on the status of the owner-operators (i.e., independent contractor vs. employee). In sum, the court ruled on our summary judgment motions and entered judgment in favor of FedEx Ground on all claims in 20 of the 28 multidistrict litigation cases that had been certified as class actions, finding that the owner-operators in those cases were contractors as a matter of the law of 20 states. The plaintiffs filed notices of appeal in all of these 20 cases. The Seventh Circuit heard the appeal in the Kansas case in January 2012 and, in July 2012, issued an opinion that did not make a determination with respect to the correctness of the district court’s decision and, instead, certified two questions to the Kansas Supreme Court related to the classification of the plaintiffs as independent contractors under the Kansas Wage Payment Act. The other 19 cases that are before the Seventh Circuit were stayed.

On October 3, 2014, the Kansas Supreme Court determined that a 20 factor right to control test applies to claims under the Kansas Wage Payment Act and concluded that under that test, the class members were employees, not independent contractors. The case was subsequently transferred back to the Seventh Circuit, where both parties made filings requesting the action necessary to complete the resolution of the appeals. The parties also made recommendations to the court regarding next steps for the other 19 cases that are before the Seventh Circuit. FedEx Ground requested that each of those cases be separately briefed given the potential differences in the applicable state law from that in Kansas. On July 8, 2015, the Seventh Circuit issued an order and opinion confirming the decision of the Kansas Supreme Court, concluding that the class members are employees, not independent contractors. Additionally, the Seventh Circuit referred the other 19 cases to a representative of the court for purposes of setting a case management conference to address briefing and argument for those cases.

During the second quarter of 2015, we established an accrual for the estimated probable loss in the Kansas case. In the second quarter of 2016 the Kansas case settled, and we increased the accrual to the amount of the settlement. The settlement will require court approval.

The multidistrict litigation court remanded the other eight certified class actions back to the district courts where they were originally filed because its summary judgment ruling did not completely dispose of all of the claims in those lawsuits. Three of these matters settled for immaterial amounts and have received court approval. The cases in Arkansas and Florida settled in the second quarter of 2016, and we established an accrual in each of these cases for the amount of the settlement. The settlements are subject to court approval.

Two cases in Oregon and one in California were appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, where the court reversed the district court decisions and held that the plaintiffs in California and Oregon were employees as a matter of law and remanded the cases to their respective district courts for further proceedings. In the first quarter of 2015, we recognized an accrual for the then-estimated probable loss in those cases.

In June 2015, the parties in the California case engaged in mediation and reached an agreement to settle the matter for $228 million, and in the fourth quarter of 2015 we increased the accrual to that amount. The settlement agreement is pending court approval.

The two cases in Oregon have been consolidated with a non-MDL independent contractor case in Oregon. The three cases collectively settled in the second quarter of 2016, and we increased the accrual in these cases to the amount of the settlement. The settlement is subject to court approval.

 

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The aggregate amount of independent contractor case settlements during the second quarter of 2016 was $47 million, and the related aggregate accrual increase was $41 million during the quarter.

In addition, we are defending contractor-model cases that are not or are no longer part of the multidistrict litigation. These cases are in varying stages of litigation. For these cases, as well as the remaining 19 cases before the Seventh Circuit, we do not expect to incur a material loss in these matters; however, it is reasonably possible that potential loss in some of these lawsuits or changes to the independent contractor status of FedEx Ground’s owner-operators could be material. In these cases, we continue to evaluate what facts may arise in the course of discovery and what legal rulings the courts may render and how these facts and rulings might impact FedEx Ground’s loss. For a number of reasons, we are not currently able to estimate a range of reasonably possible loss in these cases. The number and identities of plaintiffs in these lawsuits are uncertain, as they are dependent on how the class of full-time drivers is defined and how many individuals will qualify based on whatever criteria may be established. In addition, the parties have conducted only very limited discovery into damages in certain of these cases, which could vary considerably from plaintiff to plaintiff and be dependent on evidence pertaining to individual plaintiffs, which has yet to be produced in the cases. Further, the range of potential loss could be impacted substantially by future rulings by the court, including on the merits of the claims, on FedEx Ground’s defenses, and on evidentiary issues. As a consequence of these factors, as well as others that are specific to these cases, we are not currently able to estimate a range of reasonably possible loss. We do not believe that a material loss is probable in these matters.

Adverse determinations in matters related to FedEx Ground’s independent contractors, could, among other things, entitle certain of our owner-operators and their drivers to the reimbursement of certain expenses and to the benefit of wage-and-hour laws and result in employment and withholding tax and benefit liability for FedEx Ground, and could result in changes to the independent contractor status of FedEx Ground’s owner-operators in certain jurisdictions. We believe that FedEx Ground’s owner-operators are properly classified as independent contractors and that FedEx Ground is not an employer of the drivers of the company’s independent contractors.

City and State of New York Cigarette Suit. On December 30, 2013, the City of New York filed suit against FedEx Express and FedEx Ground arising from our alleged shipments of cigarettes to New York City residents. The claims against FedEx Express were subsequently dismissed. On March 30, 2014, the complaint was amended adding the State of New York as a plaintiff. Beyond the addition of the State as a plaintiff, the amended complaint contains several amplifications of the previous claims. First, the claims now relate to four shippers, none of which continues to ship in our network. Second, the amended complaint contains a count for violation of the Assurance of Compliance (“AOC”) we had previously entered into with the State of New York, claiming that since 2006, FedEx has made shipments of cigarettes to residences in New York in violation of the AOC. Lastly, the amendment contains new theories of Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (“RICO”) violations. In May 2014, we filed a motion to dismiss almost all of the claims. On November 12, 2014, the City and State of New York filed a separate but almost identical lawsuit that includes two additional shippers. This complaint was amended in May 2015 to include additional shippers. On March 9, 2015, the court ruled on our motion to dismiss in the first case, granting our motions to limit the applicable statute of limitations to four years and to dismiss a portion of the claims. The court, however, denied our motion to dismiss some of the claims, including the RICO claims. Loss in these lawsuits is reasonably possible, but the amount of any loss is expected to be immaterial.

Environmental Matters. SEC regulations require disclosure of certain environmental matters when a governmental authority is a party to the proceedings and the proceedings involve potential monetary sanctions that management reasonably believes could exceed $100,000.

In February 2014, FedEx Ground received oral communications from District Attorneys’ Offices (representing California’s county environmental authorities) and the California Attorney General’s Office (representing the California Division of Toxic Substances Control (“DTSC”)) that they were seeking civil penalties for alleged violations of the state’s hazardous waste regulations. Specifically, the California environmental authorities alleged that FedEx Ground improperly generates and/or handles, stores and transports hazardous waste from its stations to its hubs in California. In April 2014, FedEx Ground filed a declaratory judgment action in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California against the Director of the California DTSC and the County District Attorneys with whom we have been negotiating. In June 2014, the California Attorney General filed a complaint

 

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against FedEx Ground in Sacramento County Superior Court alleging violations by FedEx Ground as described above. The County District Attorneys filed a similar complaint in Sacramento County Superior Court in July 2014. The county and state authorities filed a motion to dismiss FedEx Ground’s declaratory judgment action, and their motion was granted on January 22, 2015. FedEx Ground filed a notice of appeal with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals on February 23, 2015. FedEx Ground and the County District Attorneys reached an agreement to resolve all claims between them, and on August 10, 2015, they filed a negotiated final judgment in Sacramento County Superior Court that the court subsequently approved. In the fourth quarter of 2015, we established an accrual for the final judgment amount, which was immaterial. On November 19, 2015, FedEx Ground and the DTSC agreed to settle their dispute, subject to memorializing a consent judgment consistent with the terms FedEx Ground agreed upon with the District Attorneys. We established an accrual for the settlement amount in the second quarter of 2016. This amount was immaterial.

On January 14, 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) issued a Grand Jury Subpoena to FedEx Express relating to an asbestos matter previously investigated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. On May 1, 2014, the DOJ informed us that it had determined to continue to pursue the matter as a criminal case, citing seven asbestos-related regulatory violations associated with removal of roof materials from a hangar in Puerto Rico during cleaning and repair activity, as well as violation of waste disposal requirements. Loss is reasonably possible; however, the amount of any loss is expected to be immaterial.

Department of Justice Indictment – Internet Pharmacy Shipments. In the past, we received requests for information from the DOJ in the Northern District of California in connection with a criminal investigation relating to the transportation of packages for online pharmacies that may have shipped pharmaceuticals in violation of federal law. In July 2014, the DOJ filed a criminal indictment in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California in connection with the matter. A superseding indictment was filed in August 2014. The indictment alleges that FedEx Corporation, FedEx Express and FedEx Services, together with certain pharmacies, conspired to unlawfully distribute controlled substances, unlawfully distributed controlled substances and conspired to unlawfully distribute misbranded drugs. The superseding indictment adds conspiracy to launder money counts related to services provided to and payments from online pharmacies. We continue to believe that our employees have acted in good faith at all times and that we have not engaged in any illegal activities.

Accordingly, we will vigorously defend ourselves in this matter. If we are convicted, remedies could include fines, penalties, forfeiture and compliance conditions. Given the stage of this proceeding, we cannot estimate the amount or range of loss, if any; however, it is reasonably possible that it could be material if we are convicted.

Other Matters. On June 30, 2014, we received a Statement of Objections from the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) addressed to FedEx Express France, formerly known as TATEX, regarding an investigation by the FCA into anticompetitive behavior that is alleged to have occurred primarily in the framework of trade association meetings that included the former general managers of TATEX prior to our acquisition of that company in July 2012. In September 2014, FedEx Express France submitted its observations in response to the Statement of Objections to the FCA. In April 2015, the FCA issued a report responding to the observations submitted by all companies involved in the investigation. We submitted an answer to the FCA’s report in early July. Loss in this matter is probable, and in the fourth quarter of 2015 we established an accrual for the estimated probable loss. This amount was immaterial.

A hearing in this matter before the Board of the FCA occurred on September 30, 2015. On December 15, 2015, the FCA announced its decision and related fines against all companies involved in the investigation. FedEx Express France was fined €17 million (currently, $19 million). We are analyzing the decision and are considering the possibility of an appeal. Based on the amount previously accrued and available indemnification, no adjustment to the accrued amount is necessary at this time.

The U.S. Customs & Border Protection (the “CBP”) previously notified FedEx Trade Networks that it would be reviewing certain customs entries made at U.S. ports from 2008 to December 2013. In November 2015, the CBP notified FedEx Trade Networks that it may be liable for $76 million to $210 million in estimated uncollected duties and fees. The CBP has given FedEx Trade Networks an opportunity to respond with an offer in compromise covering all periods. Loss in this matter is probable, but at this time it is not possible for us to estimate the range of loss as we are still evaluating the CBP’s proposed range of liability, the amount we are willing to offer in compromise, if any, and the extent to which any loss would be covered by insurance.

 

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FedEx and its subsidiaries are subject to other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of their business. In the opinion of management, the aggregate liability, if any, with respect to these other actions will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

(9) Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Cash paid for interest expense and income taxes for the six-month periods ended November 30 was as follows (in millions):

 

         2015             2014      

Cash payments for:

    

Interest (net of capitalized interest)

   $ 146     $ 103  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income taxes

   $ 831     $ 760  

Income tax refunds received

     (3     (5
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash tax payments, net

   $ 828     $ 755  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

(10) Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements

We are required to present condensed consolidating financial information in order for the subsidiary guarantors of our public debt to continue to be exempt from reporting under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. FedEx Express, however, currently files reports under such act.

The guarantor subsidiaries, which are 100% owned by FedEx, guarantee $8.25 billion of our debt. The guarantees are full and unconditional and joint and several. Our guarantor subsidiaries were not determined using geographic, service line or other similar criteria, and as a result, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries” and “Non-guarantor Subsidiaries” columns each include portions of our domestic and international operations. Accordingly, this basis of presentation is not intended to present our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows for any purpose other than to comply with the specific requirements for subsidiary guarantor reporting. Prior year amounts have been recast to conform to the pension accounting changes as discussed in our Annual Report.

 

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Condensed consolidating financial statements for our guarantor subsidiaries and non-guarantor subsidiaries are presented in the following tables (in millions):

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

November 30, 2015

 

    Parent     Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS

         

CURRENT ASSETS

         

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 2,229     $ 474     $ 988     $ (44   $ 3,647  

Receivables, less allowances

    10       4,503       1,405       (53     5,865  

Spare parts, supplies, fuel, prepaid expenses and other, less allowances

    85       739       129             953  

Deferred income taxes

          651       36             687  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

    2,324       6,367       2,558       (97     11,152  

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, AT COST

    29       43,125       2,088             45,242  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

    23       21,832       1,109             22,964  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net property and equipment

    6       21,293       979             22,278  

INTERCOMPANY RECEIVABLE

          981       1,255       (2,236      

GOODWILL

          1,571       2,235             3,806  

INVESTMENT IN SUBSIDIARIES

    24,371       3,228             (27,599      

OTHER ASSETS

    2,785       708       343       (2,701     1,135  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $     29,486     $ 34,148     $ 7,370     $ (32,633   $ 38,371  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

         

CURRENT LIABILITIES

         

Current portion of long-term debt

  $     $ 6     $ 8     $     $ 14  

Accrued salaries and employee benefits

    49       1,251       210             1,510  

Accounts payable

    76       1,411       739       (97     2,129  

Accrued expenses

    632       1,415       251             2,298  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

    757       4,083       1,208       (97     5,951  

LONG-TERM DEBT, LESS CURRENT PORTION

    8,217       248       16             8,481  

INTERCOMPANY PAYABLE

    2,236                   (2,236      

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

         

Deferred income taxes

          4,263       197       (2,701     1,759  

Other liabilities

    3,286       3,653       251             7,190  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other long-term liabilities

    3,286       7,916       448       (2,701     8,949  

STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

    14,990       21,901       5,698       (27,599     14,990  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 29,486     $ 34,148     $ 7,370     $ (32,633   $ 38,371  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEETS

May 31, 2015

 

     Parent      Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS

             

CURRENT ASSETS

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 2,383      $ 487      $ 971      $ (78   $ 3,763  

Receivables, less allowances

     3        4,383        1,385        (52     5,719  

Spare parts, supplies, fuel, prepaid expenses and other, less allowances

     41        689        123              853  

Deferred income taxes

            571        35              606  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     2,427        6,130        2,514        (130     10,941  

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, AT COST

     29        40,364        2,471              42,864  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     23        20,685        1,281              21,989  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net property and equipment

     6        19,679        1,190              20,875  

INTERCOMPANY RECEIVABLE

            686        1,563        (2,249      

GOODWILL

            1,552        2,258              3,810  

INVESTMENT IN SUBSIDIARIES

     23,173        3,800               (26,973      

OTHER ASSETS

     2,752        898        477        (2,684     1,443  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $   28,358      $ 32,745      $ 8,002      $ (32,036   $ 37,069  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

             

CURRENT LIABILITIES

             

Current portion of long-term debt

   $      $ 7      $ 12      $     $ 19  

Accrued salaries and employee benefits

     34        1,208        194              1,436  

Accounts payable

     5        1,433        758        (130     2,066  

Accrued expenses

     604        1,557        275              2,436  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     643        4,205        1,239        (130     5,957  

LONG-TERM DEBT, LESS CURRENT PORTION

     6,978        248        23              7,249  

INTERCOMPANY PAYABLE

     2,249                      (2,249      

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

             

Deferred income taxes

            4,206        225        (2,684     1,747  

Other liabilities

     3,495        3,367        261              7,123  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other long-term liabilities

     3,495        7,573        486        (2,684     8,870  

STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT

     14,993        20,719        6,254        (26,973     14,993  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 28,358      $ 32,745      $ 8,002      $ (32,036   $ 37,069  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

Three Months Ended November 30, 2015

 

     Parent     Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

REVENUES

   $     $ 10,479     $ 2,048     $ (74   $ 12,453  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

          

Salaries and employee benefits

     26       3,926       618             4,570  

Purchased transportation

           1,941       622       (25     2,538  

Rentals and landing fees

     2       596       86       (2     682  

Depreciation and amortization

     1       601       51             653  

Fuel

           597       18             615  

Maintenance and repairs

           497       32             529  

Intercompany charges, net

     (112     84       28              

Other

     83       1,293       400       (47     1,729  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           9,535       1,855       (74     11,316  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING INCOME

           944       193             1,137  

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):

          

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     691       73             (764      

Interest, net

     (81     6       1             (74

Intercompany charges, net

     84       (83     (1            

Other, net

     (3     (6     1             (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

     691       934       194       (764     1,055  

Provision for income taxes

           309       55             364  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 691     $ 625     $ 139     $ (764   $ 691  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $         672     $ 620     $ 112     $ (764   $ 640  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

Three Months Ended November 30, 2014

(As Adjusted)

 

     Parent     Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

REVENUES

   $     $ 9,926     $ 2,108     $ (95   $ 11,939  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

          

Salaries and employee benefits

     23       3,656       550             4,229  

Purchased transportation

           1,468       764       (47     2,185  

Rentals and landing fees

     2       577       86       (2     663  

Depreciation and amortization

     1       595       55             651  

Fuel

           1,028       24             1,052  

Maintenance and repairs

           507       36             543  

Intercompany charges, net

       (48     (50     98              

Other

     22       1,239       313       (46     1,528  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           9,020       1,926       (95     10,851  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING INCOME

           906       182             1,088  

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):

          

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     663       103             (766      

Interest, net

     (53     5       1             (47

Intercompany charges, net

     54       (59     5              

Other, net

     (1     2       4             5  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

     663       957       192       (766     1,046  

Provision for income taxes

           346       37             383  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 663     $ 611     $ 155     $ (766   $ 663  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $         644     $ 586     $ 59     $ (766   $ 523  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

- 22 -


Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

Six Months Ended November 30, 2015

 

     Parent     Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

REVENUES

   $     $ 20,352     $ 4,557     $ (177   $ 24,732  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

          

Salaries and employee benefits

     60       7,739       1,296             9,095  

Purchased transportation

           3,375       1,587       (80     4,882  

Rentals and landing fees

     3       1,183       194       (3     1,377  

Depreciation and amortization

     1       1,184       116             1,301  

Fuel

           1,288       39             1,327  

Maintenance and repairs

           1,005       72             1,077  

Intercompany charges, net

     (181     44       137              

Other

     117       2,557       812       (94     3,392  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           18,375       4,253       (177     22,451  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING INCOME

           1,977       304             2,281  

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):

          

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     1,383       134             (1,517      

Interest, net

     (156     14       5             (137

Intercompany charges, net

     162       (159     (3            

Other, net

     (6     (9     10             (5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

     1,383       1,957       316       (1,517     2,139  

Provision for income taxes

           666       90             756  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 1,383     $ 1,291     $ 226     $ (1,517   $ 1,383  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $         1,346     $ 1,271     $ 70     $ (1,517   $ 1,170  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

Six Months Ended November 30, 2014

(As Adjusted)

 

     Parent     Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

REVENUES

   $     $ 19,695     $ 4,112      $ (184   $ 23,623  

OPERATING EXPENSES:

           

Salaries and employee benefits

     53       7,190       1,100              8,343  

Purchased transportation

           2,854       1,475        (90     4,239  

Rentals and landing fees

     3       1,149       174        (3     1,323  

Depreciation and amortization

     1       1,190       111              1,302  

Fuel

           2,123       49              2,172  

Maintenance and repairs

           1,029       70              1,099  

Intercompany charges, net

     (143     (48     191               

Other

     86       2,404       596        (91     2,995  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
           17,891       3,766        (184     21,473  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

OPERATING INCOME

           1,804       346              2,150  

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):

           

Equity in earnings of subsidiaries

     1,316       201              (1,517      

Interest, net

     (106     9       2              (95

Intercompany charges, net

     108       (118     10               

Other, net

     (2     (1     6              3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

     1,316       1,895       364        (1,517     2,058  

Provision for income taxes

           642       100              742  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 1,316     $ 1,253     $ 264      $ (1,517   $ 1,316  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $         1,280     $ 1,224     $ 142      $ (1,517   $ 1,129  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

- 23 -


Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

Six Months Ended November 30, 2015

 

         Parent         Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-
guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES

   $ (847   $ 3,054     $ 213     $ 34     $ 2,454  

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

          

Capital expenditures

           (2,482     (80           (2,562

Proceeds from asset dispositions and other

     (5     21       (4           12  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES

     (5     (2,461     (84           (2,550

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

          

Net transfers from (to) Parent

     648       (691     43              

Payment on loan between subsidiaries

           106       (106            

Intercompany dividends

           20       (20            

Principal payments on debt

           (2     (15           (17

Proceeds from debt issuance

     1,238                         1,238  

Proceeds from stock issuances

     62                         62  

Excess tax benefit on the exercise of stock options

     8                         8  

Dividends paid

     (141                       (141

Purchase of treasury stock

     (1,101                       (1,101

Other, net

     (16     (27     27             (16
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES

     698       (594     (71           33  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

           (12     (41           (53
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (154     (13     17       34       (116

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     2,383       487       971       (78     3,763  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 2,229     $ 474     $ 988     $ (44   $ 3,647  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

- 24 -


Table of Contents

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

Six Months Ended November 30, 2014

 

         Parent         Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Non-
guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES

   $ (458   $ 2,335     $ 257     $ 17     $ 2,151  

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

          

Capital expenditures

     (1     (1,809     (80           (1,890

Proceeds from asset dispositions and other

     (1     17       (9           7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES

     (2     (1,792     (89           (1,883

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

          

Net transfers from (to) Parent

     601       (610     9              

Payment on loan between subsidiaries

           143       (143            

Intercompany dividends

           22       (22            

Principal payments on debt

           (1                 (1

Proceeds from stock issuances

     189                         189  

Excess tax benefit on the exercise of stock options

     23                         23  

Dividends paid

     (114                       (114

Purchase of treasury stock

     (947                       (947

Other, net

           (39     39          
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH USED IN FINANCING ACTIVITIES

     (248     (485     (117           (850
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

           (17     (43           (60
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (708     41       8       17       (642

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     1,756       441       861       (150     2,908  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 1,048     $ 482     $ 869     $ (133   $ 2,266  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

- 25 -


Table of Contents

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED

PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

FedEx Corporation

We have reviewed the condensed consolidated balance sheet of FedEx Corporation as of November 30, 2015, and the related condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income for the three-month and six-month periods ended November 30, 2015 and 2014 and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six-month periods ended November 30, 2015 and 2014. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.

We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet of FedEx Corporation as of May 31, 2015, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ investment, and cash flows for the year then ended, not presented herein, and we expressed an unqualified audit opinion on those consolidated financial statements in our report dated July 14, 2015. In our opinion, the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet of FedEx Corporation as of May 31, 2015, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Memphis, Tennessee

December 17, 2015

 

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Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition

GENERAL

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition (“MD&A”) describes the principal factors affecting the results of operations, liquidity, capital resources, contractual cash obligations and critical accounting estimates of FedEx Corporation (“FedEx”). This discussion should be read in conjunction with the accompanying quarterly unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended May 31, 2015 (“Annual Report”). Our Annual Report includes additional information about our significant accounting policies, practices and the transactions that underlie our financial results, as well as a detailed discussion of the most significant risks and uncertainties associated with our financial condition and operating results.

We provide a broad portfolio of transportation, e-commerce and business services through companies competing collectively, operating independently and managed collaboratively, under the respected FedEx brand. Our primary operating companies are Federal Express Corporation (“FedEx Express”), the world’s largest express transportation company; FedEx Ground Package System, Inc. (“FedEx Ground”), a leading North American provider of small-package ground delivery services; and FedEx Freight, Inc. (“FedEx Freight”), a leading U.S. provider of less-than-truckload (“LTL”) freight services. These companies represent our major service lines and, along with FedEx Corporate Services, Inc. (“FedEx Services”), form the core of our reportable segments.

Our FedEx Services segment provides sales, marketing, information technology, communications and certain back-office support to our transportation segments. In addition, the FedEx Services segment provides customers with retail access to FedEx Express and FedEx Ground shipping services through FedEx Office and Print Services, Inc. (“FedEx Office”) and provides customer service, technical support and billing and collection services through FedEx TechConnect, Inc. (“FedEx TechConnect”). See “Reportable Segments” for further discussion. Additional information on our businesses can also be found in our Annual Report.

The key indicators necessary to understand our operating results include:

 

 

the overall customer demand for our various services based on macro-economic factors and the global economy;

 

 

the volumes of transportation services provided through our networks, primarily measured by our average daily volume and shipment weight;

 

 

the mix of services purchased by our customers;

 

 

the prices we obtain for our services, primarily measured by yield (revenue per package or pound or revenue per hundredweight and shipment for LTL freight shipments);

 

 

our ability to manage our cost structure (capital expenditures and operating expenses) to match shifting volume levels; and

 

 

the timing and amount of fluctuations in fuel prices and our ability to recover incremental fuel costs through our fuel surcharges.

The majority of our operating expenses are directly impacted by revenue and volume levels. Accordingly, we expect these operating expenses to fluctuate on a year-over-year basis consistent with the change in revenues and volumes. Therefore, the discussion of operating expense captions focuses on the key drivers and trends impacting expenses other than changes in revenues and volume. The line item “Other operating expenses” predominantly includes costs associated with outside service contracts (such as security, facility services and cargo handling), insurance, professional fees, uniforms and advertising.

 

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Except as otherwise specified, references to years indicate our fiscal year ending May 31, 2016 or ended May 31 of the year referenced and comparisons are to the corresponding period of the prior year. References to our transportation segments include, collectively, our FedEx Express, FedEx Ground and FedEx Freight segments.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

The following table compares summary operating results (dollars in millions, except per share amounts) for the periods ended November 30:

 

     Three Months Ended     Percent
Change
    Six Months Ended     Percent
Change
 
     2015     2014       2015     2014    

Revenues

   $       12,453     $       11,939       4      $       24,732     $       23,623       5   

FedEx Express Segment operating income

     622       492       26        1,167       869       34   

FedEx Ground Segment operating income

     526       465       13        1,063       1,010       5   

FedEx Freight Segment operating income

     101       112       (10     233       280       (17

Eliminations, corporate and other

     (112     19       NM        (182     (9     NM   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated operating income

     1,137       1,088       5        2,281       2,150       6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

FedEx Express Segment operating margin

     9.4     7.0     240  bp      8.9     6.3     260  bp 

FedEx Ground Segment operating margin

     13.0     15.2     (220 )bp      13.5     16.8     (330 )bp 

FedEx Freight Segment operating margin

     6.5     7.1     (60 )bp      7.4     8.8     (140 )bp 

Consolidated operating margin

     9.1     9.1      bp      9.2     9.1     10  bp 

Consolidated Net income

   $ 691     $ 663       4      $ 1,383     $ 1,316       5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 2.44     $ 2.31       6      $ 4.86     $ 4.57       6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table shows changes in revenues and operating income by reportable segment for the periods ended November 30, 2015 compared to November 30, 2014 (dollars in millions):

 

     Change in Revenue     Change in Operating Income  
     Three Months
Ended
    Six Months
Ended
    Three Months
Ended
    Six Months
Ended
 

FedEx Express segment

   $ (436   $ (707   $ 130     $ 298  

FedEx Ground segment

     987       1,857       61       53  

FedEx Freight segment

     (38     (46     (11     (47

FedEx Services segment

     9       25              

Eliminations, corporate and other

     (8     (20     (131     (173
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 514     $ 1,109     $ 49     $ 131  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Overview

Our results for the second quarter and first half of 2016 improved due to higher operating income at FedEx Express and FedEx Ground and the continued positive impacts from our profit improvement program commenced in 2013. These factors were partially offset in the second quarter by lower than anticipated volume at FedEx Freight and the modest negative net impact of fuel. The first

 

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half of 2016 benefited from one additional operating day at all our transportation segments and was partially offset by lower than anticipated volume at FedEx Freight, higher incentive compensation accruals, higher self-insurance costs at FedEx Ground and the modest negative net impact of fuel.

We incurred expenses related to our pending acquisition of TNT Express N.V. (“TNT Express”) of $19 million ($12 million, net of tax, or $0.04 per diluted share) in the second quarter and $28 million ($18 million, net of tax, or $0.06 per diluted share) in the first half of 2016.

“Eliminations, corporate and other” included expenses related to the settlement of independent contractor litigation matters involving FedEx Ground for $41 million ($25 million, net of tax, or $0.09 per diluted share) in the second quarter of 2016. In addition, the first half of 2015 included a legal contingency reserve associated with an independent contractor litigation matter involving FedEx Ground.

 

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The following graphs for FedEx Express, FedEx Ground and FedEx Freight show selected volume trends (in thousands) over the five most recent quarters:

 

LOGO

 

(1) 

International domestic average daily package volume represents our international intra-country express operations.

 

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The following graphs for FedEx Express, FedEx Ground and FedEx Freight show selected yield trends over the five most recent quarters:

 

LOGO

Revenue

Revenues increased 4% in the second quarter and 5% in the first half of 2016 driven by the FedEx Ground segment due to the inclusion of GENCO Distribution System, Inc. (“GENCO”) revenue, as well as volume growth in our residential services and rate increases. In addition, revenues increased approximately $300 million in the second quarter and $540 million in the first half of 2016 as a result of recording FedEx SmartPost service revenues on a gross basis, versus our previous net treatment, as further discussed in our Annual Report and in Note 1 of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Lower fuel surcharges had a significant negative impact on revenues at all of our transportation segments and had a modest negative impact on our earnings in the second quarter and first half of 2016. In addition, revenues at FedEx Express were negatively impacted by unfavorable exchange rates in the second quarter and first half of 2016. One additional operating day benefited revenues at all our transportation segments in the first half of 2016.

 

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Operating Expenses

The following tables compare operating expenses expressed as dollar amounts (in millions) and as a percent of revenue for the periods ended November 30:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Operating expenses:

           

Salaries and employee benefits

   $ 4,570      $ 4,229      $ 9,095      $ 8,343  

Purchased transportation

     2,538        2,185        4,882        4,239  

Rentals and landing fees

     682        663        1,377        1,323  

Depreciation and amortization

     653        651        1,301        1,302  

Fuel

     615        1,052        1,327        2,172  

Maintenance and repairs

     529        543        1,077        1,099  

Other

     1,729        1,528        3,392        2,995  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

   $     11,316      $     10,851      $     22,451      $     21,473  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
           

 

     Percent of Revenue  
     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Operating expenses:

        

Salaries and employee benefits

     36.7     35.4     36.8     35.4

Purchased transportation

     20.4       18.3       19.7       17.9  

Rentals and landing fees

     5.5       5.6       5.6       5.6  

Depreciation and amortization

     5.2       5.5       5.3       5.5  

Fuel

     4.9       8.8       5.4       9.2  

Maintenance and repairs

     4.3       4.5       4.3       4.6  

Other

     13.9       12.8       13.7       12.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     90.9       90.9       90.8       90.9  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating margin

     9.1     9.1     9.2     9.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Exceptionally strong performance at FedEx Express benefited our operating margin during the second quarter and first half of 2016. Our operating margin for the second quarter of 2016 was negatively impacted by higher salaries and employee benefits at FedEx Freight, expenses related to the settlement of independent contractor litigation matters involving FedEx Ground for $41 million (described above), the recording of FedEx SmartPost service revenues on a gross basis, the inclusion of GENCO results and the negative net impact of fuel. During the first half of 2016, operating margin was negatively impacted by higher salaries and employee benefits at FedEx Freight, higher incentive compensation accruals, higher self-insurance costs at FedEx Ground, the recording of FedEx SmartPost service revenues on a gross basis and the inclusion of GENCO results.

Operating expenses included an increase in salaries and employee benefits expense of 8% in the second quarter and 9% in the first half of 2016 due to the inclusion of GENCO results, pay initiatives coupled with increased staffing at FedEx Freight and higher incentive compensation accruals at all our transportation segments. Purchased transportation costs increased 16% in the second quarter and 15% in the first half of 2016 due to the recording of FedEx SmartPost service revenues on a gross basis. Other expenses were driven 13% higher in the second quarter due to the inclusion of GENCO results and expenses related to the settlement of independent contractor litigation matters involving FedEx Ground further discussed in Note 8 of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and in the first half of 2016 due to the inclusion of GENCO results, higher self-insurance insurance costs at FedEx Ground and expenses related to the settlement of independent contractor litigation matters involving FedEx Ground.

 

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Fuel

The following graph for our transportation segments shows our average cost of jet and vehicle fuel per gallon for the five most recent quarters:

 

LOGO

Fuel expense decreased 42% in the second quarter and 39% in the first half of 2016 due to lower aircraft fuel prices. However, fuel prices represent only one component of the two factors we consider meaningful in understanding the impact of fuel on our business. Consideration must also be given to the fuel surcharge revenue we collect. Accordingly, we believe discussion of the net impact of fuel on our results, which is a comparison of the year-over-year change in these two factors, is important to understand the impact of fuel on our business. In order to provide information about the impact of fuel surcharges on the trend in revenue and yield growth, we have included the comparative weighted-average fuel surcharge percentages in effect for the second quarter and first half of 2016 and 2015 in the accompanying discussions of each of our transportation segments.

The index used to determine the fuel surcharge percentage for our FedEx Freight business adjusts weekly, while our fuel surcharges for the FedEx Express and FedEx Ground businesses incorporate a timing lag of approximately six to eight weeks before they are adjusted for changes in fuel prices. For example, the fuel surcharge index in effect at FedEx Express in November 2015 was set based on September 2015 fuel prices. In addition, the structure of the table that is used to determine our fuel surcharge at FedEx Express and FedEx Ground does not adjust immediately for changes in fuel price, but allows for the fuel surcharge revenue charged to our customers to remain unchanged as long as fuel prices remain within certain ranges.

Beyond these factors, the manner in which we purchase fuel also influences the net impact of fuel on our results. For example, our contracts for jet fuel purchases at FedEx Express are tied to various indices, including the U.S. Gulf Coast index. While many of these indices are aligned, each index may fluctuate at a different pace, driving variability in the prices paid for jet fuel. Furthermore, under these contractual arrangements, approximately 75% of our jet fuel is purchased based on the index price for the preceding week, with the remainder of our purchases tied to the index price for the preceding month, rather than based on daily spot rates. These contractual provisions mitigate the impact of rapidly changing daily spot rates on our jet fuel purchases.

Because of the factors described above, our operating results may be affected should the market price of fuel suddenly change by a significant amount or change by amounts that do not result in an adjustment in our fuel surcharges, which can significantly affect our earnings either positively or negatively in the short-term.

We routinely review our fuel surcharges and our fuel surcharge methodology. On November 2, 2015, FedEx Express and FedEx Ground updated certain tables used to determine fuel surcharges.

 

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The net impact of fuel had a modest negative impact in the second quarter and first half of 2016 to operating income. This was driven by the year-over-year decrease in fuel surcharge revenue during the second quarter and first half of 2016, which was partially offset by decreased fuel prices during these periods.

The net impact of fuel on our operating results does not consider the effects that fuel surcharge levels may have on our business, including changes in demand and shifts in the mix of services purchased by our customers. While fluctuations in fuel surcharge percentages can be significant from period to period, fuel surcharges represent one of the many individual components of our pricing structure that impact our overall revenue and yield. Additional components include the mix of services sold, the base price and extra service charges we obtain for these services and the level of pricing discounts offered.

Income Taxes

Our effective tax rate was 34.5% for the second quarter of 2016 and 35.3% for the first half of 2016, compared with 36.6% in the second quarter and 36.0% in the first half of 2015. The tax rates in 2016 have decreased primarily due to the resolution of a state income tax matter during the second quarter. For 2016, we expect an effective tax rate of approximately 36.0% prior to any year-end mark-to-market accounting adjustment for defined benefit pension and postretirement healthcare plans (“MTM Adjustment”). The actual rate, however, will depend on a number of factors, including the amount and source of operating income, the impact of the MTM Adjustment and when the proposed TNT Express acquisition is completed.

We are subject to taxation in the United States and various U.S. state, local and foreign jurisdictions. We are currently under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for the 2012 and 2013 tax years. It is reasonably possible that certain income tax return proceedings will be completed during the next twelve months and could result in a change in our balance of unrecognized tax benefits. The expected impact of any changes would not be material to our consolidated financial statements. As of November 30, 2015, there were no material changes to our liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits from May 31, 2015.

Business Acquisitions

As discussed in our Annual Report, on April 6, 2015, we entered into a conditional agreement to acquire TNT Express for €4.4 billion (currently, approximately $4.8 billion). This combination is expected to expand our global portfolio, particularly in Europe, lower our costs to serve our European markets by increasing density in our pickup-and-delivery operations and accelerate our global growth. This acquisition is expected to be completed in the first half of calendar year 2016. The closing of the acquisition is subject to customary conditions, including obtaining all necessary approvals and competition clearances. We expect to secure all relevant competition approvals.

During 2015, we acquired two businesses, expanding our portfolio in e-commerce and supply chain solutions. On January 30, 2015, we acquired GENCO, a leading North American third-party logistics provider, for $1.4 billion, which was funded using a portion of the proceeds from our January 2015 debt issuance. The financial results of this business are included in the FedEx Ground segment from the date of acquisition.

In addition, on December 16, 2014, we acquired Bongo International, LLC (“Bongo”), a leader in cross-border enablement technologies and solutions, for $42 million in cash from operations. The financial results of this business are included in the FedEx Express segment from the date of acquisition.

These acquisitions will allow us to enter new markets, as well as strengthen our current service offerings to existing customers. See Note 1 of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion of these acquisitions.

 

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Outlook

We expect earnings growth in the full year of 2016 prior to any MTM Adjustment driven by ongoing improvements in the results of our FedEx Express and FedEx Ground segments due to volume and base yield growth, despite weaker than anticipated industrial production. Our results in 2016 will continue to benefit from execution of the profit improvement programs announced in 2013, which are further described in our Annual Report. Our expectations for earnings growth in the third quarter and the remainder of 2016 are dependent on key external factors, including fuel prices and moderate growth in the global economy. Our outlook for 2016 does not include any impact from our announced intent to acquire TNT Express, such as integration planning or transaction costs, the operating activities of TNT Express, or the related tax consequences if the transaction is consummated.

Other Outlook Matters. For details on key 2016 capital projects, refer to the “Liquidity Outlook” section of this MD&A.

As described in Note 8 of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the “Independent Contractor Model” section of our FedEx Ground segment MD&A, we are involved in a number of lawsuits and other proceedings that challenge the status of FedEx Ground’s owner-operators as independent contractors. FedEx Ground anticipates continuing changes to its relationships with its owner-operators. The nature, timing and amount of any changes are dependent on the outcome of numerous future events. We cannot reasonably estimate the potential impact of any such changes or a meaningful range of potential outcomes, although they could be material. However, we do not believe that any such changes will impair our ability to operate and profitably grow our FedEx Ground business.

See “Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of these and other potential risks and uncertainties that could materially affect our future performance.

RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

New accounting rules and disclosure requirements can significantly impact our reported results and the comparability of our financial statements. These matters are described in our Annual Report.

During the quarter, we chose to early adopt the authoritative guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) requiring acquirers in a business combination to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period that the adjustment amounts are determined and eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for these adjustments. It also requires additional disclosure about the effects of the adjustments on prior periods. See the “Business Acquisitions” section above for further discussion regarding our recent business acquisitions.

On November 11, 2015, the FASB voted to proceed with the new lease accounting standard that will require companies to include a right-of-use asset and a liability to make lease payments on the balance sheet for all leases (except short-term leases). This new standard will have a significant impact on our accounting and financial reporting and will be effective for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2020.

On November 20, 2015, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that will require companies to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent on the balance sheet instead of separating deferred taxes into current and noncurrent amounts. This new guidance will have minimal impact on our accounting and financial reporting and will be effective for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2018.

We believe that no other new accounting guidance was adopted or issued during the first half of 2016 that is relevant to the readers of our financial statements.

 

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REPORTABLE SEGMENTS

FedEx Express, FedEx Ground and FedEx Freight represent our major service lines and, along with FedEx Services, form the core of our reportable segments. Our reportable segments include the following businesses:

 

FedEx Express Segment

  

FedEx Express (express transportation)

  

FedEx Trade Networks (air and ocean freight forwarding and customs brokerage)

  

FedEx SupplyChain Systems (logistics services)

  

Bongo (cross-border enablement technology and solutions)

FedEx Ground Segment

  

FedEx Ground (small-package ground delivery)

  

GENCO (third-party logistics)

FedEx Freight Segment

  

FedEx Freight (LTL freight transportation)

  

FedEx Custom Critical (time-critical transportation)

FedEx Services Segment

  

FedEx Services (sales, marketing, information technology, communications and back-office functions)

  

FedEx TechConnect (customer service, technical support, billings and collections)

  

FedEx Office (document and business services and package acceptance)

FEDEX SERVICES SEGMENT

The operating expenses line item “Intercompany charges” on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of our transportation segments reflects the allocations from the FedEx Services segment to the respective transportation segments. The allocations of net operating costs are based on metrics such as relative revenues or estimated services provided.

The FedEx Services segment provides direct and indirect support to our transportation businesses, and we allocate all of the net operating costs of the FedEx Services segment (including the net operating results of FedEx Office) to reflect the full cost of operating our transportation businesses in the results of those segments. Within the FedEx Services segment allocation, the net operating results of FedEx Office, which are an immaterial component of our allocations, are allocated to FedEx Express and FedEx Ground. We review and evaluate the performance of our transportation segments based on operating income (inclusive of FedEx Services segment allocations). For the FedEx Services segment, performance is evaluated based on the impact of its total allocated net operating costs on our transportation segments. We believe these allocations approximate the net cost of providing these functions. Our allocation methodologies are refined periodically, as necessary, to reflect changes in our businesses.

ELIMINATIONS, CORPORATE AND OTHER

Certain FedEx operating companies provide transportation and related services for other FedEx companies outside their reportable segment. Billings for such services are based on negotiated rates, which we believe approximate fair value, and are reflected as revenues of the billing segment. These rates are adjusted from time to time based on market conditions. Such intersegment revenues and expenses are eliminated in our consolidated results and are not separately identified in the following segment information, because the amounts are not material.

Corporate and other includes corporate headquarters costs for executive officers, certain other legal and financial functions, as well as certain other costs and credits not attributed to our core business. These costs are not allocated to the business segments. The year-over-year increase in these costs was driven by prior year benefits of $66 million in the second quarter and $133 million in the first half as a result of our change in recognizing expected return on plan assets for our defined benefit pension and postretirement healthcare plans at the segment level, which had no impact at the consolidated level.

 

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FEDEX EXPRESS SEGMENT

FedEx Express offers a wide range of U.S. domestic and international shipping services for delivery of packages and freight including priority services, which provide time-definite delivery within one, two or three business days worldwide, and deferred or economy services, which provide time-definite delivery within five business days worldwide. The following tables compare revenues, operating expenses, operating expenses as a percent of revenue, operating income (dollars in millions) and operating margin for the periods ended November 30:

 

     Three Months Ended     Percent     Six Months Ended     Percent  
     2015     2014     Change     2015     2014     Change  

Revenues:

            

Package:

            

U.S. overnight box

   $     1,682     $     1,705       (1   $     3,340     $     3,387       (1

U.S. overnight envelope

     397       400       (1     819       815         

U.S. deferred

     826       834       (1     1,642       1,629       1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total U.S. domestic package revenue

     2,905       2,939       (1     5,801       5,831       (1
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

International priority

     1,433       1,649       (13     2,897       3,279       (12

International economy

     568       598       (5     1,142       1,169       (2
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total international export package revenue

     2,001       2,247       (11     4,039       4,448       (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

International domestic(1)

     336       383       (12     663       754       (12
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total package revenue

     5,242       5,569       (6     10,503       11,033       (5

Freight:

            

U.S.

     578       586       (1     1,151       1,165       (1

International priority

     354       412       (14     704       807       (13

International airfreight

     32       42       (24     68       88       (23
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total freight revenue

     964       1,040       (7     1,923       2,060       (7

Other(2)

     382       415       (8     753       793       (5
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total revenues

     6,588       7,024       (6     13,179       13,886       (5

Operating expenses:

            

Salaries and employee benefits

     2,513       2,524              5,036       5,002       1   

Purchased transportation

     616       681       (10     1,217       1,328       (8

Rentals and landing fees

     399       422       (5     809       848       (5

Depreciation and amortization

     349       368       (5     696       742       (6

Fuel

     517       906       (43     1,124       1,876       (40

Maintenance and repairs

     330       357       (8     675       736       (8

Intercompany charges

     462       452       2        907       900       1   

Other

     780       822       (5     1,548       1,585       (2
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total operating expenses

     5,966       6,532       (9     12,012       13,017       (8
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating income

   $ 622     $ 492       26      $ 1,167     $ 869       34   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating margin

     9.4     7.0     240 bp      8.9     6.3     260 bp 

 

(1) 

International domestic revenues represent our international intra-country express operations.

 

(2) 

Includes FedEx Trade Networks, FedEx SupplyChain Systems and Bongo.

 

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     Percent of Revenue  
     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Operating expenses:

        

Salaries and employee benefits

     38.1     35.9     38.2     36.0

Purchased transportation

     9.4       9.7       9.2       9.6  

Rentals and landing fees

     6.1       6.0       6.1       6.1  

Depreciation and amortization

     5.3       5.2       5.3       5.4  

Fuel

     7.9       12.9       8.5       13.5  

Maintenance and repairs

     5.0       5.1       5.1       5.3  

Intercompany charges

     7.0       6.5       6.9       6.4  

Other

     11.8       11.7       11.8       11.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     90.6       93.0       91.1       93.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating margin

     9.4     7.0     8.9     6.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table compares selected statistics (in thousands, except yield amounts) for the periods ended November 30:

 

     Three Months Ended      Percent     Six Months Ended      Percent  
     2015      2014      Change     2015      2014      Change  

Package Statistics(1)

                

Average daily package volume (ADV):

                

U.S. overnight box

     1,290        1,259        2       1,250        1,235        1  

U.S. overnight envelope

     531        521        2       536        524        2  

U.S. deferred

     900        915        (2     882        880         
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total U.S. domestic ADV

     2,721        2,695        1       2,668        2,639        1  
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

International priority

     402        424        (5     396        417        (5

International economy

     186        180        3