0000921895-16-003336.txt : 20160216 0000921895-16-003336.hdr.sgml : 20160215 20160216090856 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0000921895-16-003336 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: SC 13D/A PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 2 FILED AS OF DATE: 20160216 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20160216 SUBJECT COMPANY: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: ZWEIG TOTAL RETURN FUND INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0000836412 IRS NUMBER: 133474242 STATE OF INCORPORATION: MD FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: SC 13D/A SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 005-79663 FILM NUMBER: 161423549 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 100 MUNSON STREET CITY: GREENFIELD STATE: MA ZIP: 01301 BUSINESS PHONE: 800-272-2700 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 100 MUNSON STREET CITY: GREENFIELD STATE: MA ZIP: 01301 FILED BY: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: Karpus Management, Inc. CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001048703 IRS NUMBER: 161290550 STATE OF INCORPORATION: NY FISCAL YEAR END: 0630 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: SC 13D/A BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: 183 SULLY'S TRAIL CITY: PITTSFORD STATE: NY ZIP: 14534 BUSINESS PHONE: 5855864680 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: 183 SULLY'S TRAIL CITY: PITTSFORD STATE: NY ZIP: 14534 FORMER COMPANY: FORMER CONFORMED NAME: KARPUS MANAGEMENT INC DATE OF NAME CHANGE: 19971029 SC 13D/A 1 sc13da810740002_02122016.htm AMENDMENT NO. 8 TO THE SCHEDULE 13D sc13da810740002_02122016.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 13D
(Rule 13d-101)

INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN STATEMENTS FILED PURSUANT
TO § 240.13d-1(a) AND AMENDMENTS THERETO FILED PURSUANT TO
§ 240.13d-2(a)

(Amendment No. 8)1

Zweig Total Return Fund Inc.
(Name of Issuer)

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
(Title of Class of Securities)

989837 20 8
(CUSIP Number)
 
Daniel Lippincott, Senior Tax-Sensitive Manager
Karpus Management, Inc.
d/b/a Karpus Investment Management
183 Sully’s Trail
Pittsford, New York 14534
(585) 586-4680

Adam W. Finerman, Esq.
Olshan Frome Wolosky LLP
Park Avenue Tower
65 East 55th Street
New York, New York 10022
(212) 451-2300
(Name, Address and Telephone Number of Person
Authorized to Receive Notices and Communications)

February 11 , 2016
(Date of Event Which Requires Filing of This Statement)

If the filing person has previously filed a statement on Schedule 13G to report the acquisition that is the subject of this Schedule 13D, and is filing this schedule because of §§ 240.13d-1(e), 240.13d-1(f) or 240.13d-1(g), check the following box ¨.

Note:  Schedules filed in paper format shall include a signed original and five copies of the schedule, including all exhibits.  See § 240.13d-7 for other parties to whom copies are to be sent.


_______________
1              The remainder of this cover page shall be filled out for a reporting person’s initial filing on this form with respect to the subject class of securities, and for any subsequent amendment containing information which would alter disclosures provided in a prior cover page.

The information required on the remainder of this cover page shall not be deemed to be “filed” for the purpose of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section of the Act but shall be subject to all other provisions of the Act (however, see the Notes).
 
 
 

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
1
NAME OF REPORTING PERSON
 
Karpus Management, Inc., d/b/a Karpus Investment Management
2
CHECK THE APPROPRIATE BOX IF A MEMBER OF A GROUP
  (a) x
  (b) o
3
SEC USE ONLY
 
4
SOURCE OF FUNDS
 
AF
5
CHECK BOX IF DISCLOSURE OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO ITEM 2(d) OR 2(e)
 
¨
6
CITIZENSHIP OR PLACE OF ORGANIZATION
 
NEW YORK
NUMBER OF SHARES BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON WITH
7
SOLE VOTING POWER
 
3,105,201
8
SHARED VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
9
SOLE DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
3,105,201
10
SHARED DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
11
AGGREGATE AMOUNT BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON
 
3,105,201
12
CHECK BOX IF THE AGGREGATE AMOUNT IN ROW (11) EXCLUDES CERTAIN SHARES
 
o
13
PERCENT OF CLASS REPRESENTED BY AMOUNT IN ROW (11)
 
9.7%
14
TYPE OF REPORTING PERSON
 
IA

 
2

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
1
NAME OF REPORTING PERSON
 
Karpus Investment Management Defined Benefit Plan
2
CHECK THE APPROPRIATE BOX IF A MEMBER OF A GROUP
  (a) x
  (b) o
3
SEC USE ONLY
 
4
SOURCE OF FUNDS
 
WC
5
CHECK BOX IF DISCLOSURE OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO ITEM 2(d) OR 2(e)
 
¨
6
CITIZENSHIP OR PLACE OF ORGANIZATION
 
NEW YORK
NUMBER OF SHARES BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON WITH
7
SOLE VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
8
SHARED VOTING POWER
 
3,500
9
SOLE DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
10
SHARED DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
3,500
11
AGGREGATE AMOUNT BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON
 
3,500
12
CHECK BOX IF THE AGGREGATE AMOUNT IN ROW (11) EXCLUDES CERTAIN SHARES
 
o
13
PERCENT OF CLASS REPRESENTED BY AMOUNT IN ROW (11)
 
Less than 1%
14
TYPE OF REPORTING PERSON
 
OO

 
3

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
1
NAME OF REPORTING PERSON
 
George W. Karpus
2
CHECK THE APPROPRIATE BOX IF A MEMBER OF A GROUP
  (a) x
  (b) o
3
SEC USE ONLY
 
4
SOURCE OF FUNDS
 
AF
5
CHECK BOX IF DISCLOSURE OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO ITEM 2(d) OR 2(e)
 
¨
6
CITIZENSHIP OR PLACE OF ORGANIZATION
 
USA
NUMBER OF SHARES BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON WITH
7
SOLE VOTING POWER
 
84,801*
8
SHARED VOTING POWER
 
13,800*
9
SOLE DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
84,801*
10
SHARED DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
13,800*
11
AGGREGATE AMOUNT BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON
 
98,601*
12
CHECK BOX IF THE AGGREGATE AMOUNT IN ROW (11) EXCLUDES CERTAIN SHARES
 
o
13
PERCENT OF CLASS REPRESENTED BY AMOUNT IN ROW (11)
 
Less than 1%
14
TYPE OF REPORTING PERSON
 
IN
 
_______________
*See Items 2 and 5.
 
 
4

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
1
NAME OF REPORTING PERSON
 
Glen T. Insley
2
CHECK THE APPROPRIATE BOX IF A MEMBER OF A GROUP
  (a) x
  (b) o
3
SEC USE ONLY
 
4
SOURCE OF FUNDS
 
 
5
CHECK BOX IF DISCLOSURE OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO ITEM 2(d) OR 2(e)
 
¨
6
CITIZENSHIP OR PLACE OF ORGANIZATION
 
USA
NUMBER OF SHARES BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON WITH
7
SOLE VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
8
SHARED VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
9
SOLE DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
10
SHARED DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
11
AGGREGATE AMOUNT BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON
 
- 0 -
12
CHECK BOX IF THE AGGREGATE AMOUNT IN ROW (11) EXCLUDES CERTAIN SHARES
 
o
13
PERCENT OF CLASS REPRESENTED BY AMOUNT IN ROW (11)
 
0%
14
TYPE OF REPORTING PERSON
 
IN

 
5

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
1
NAME OF REPORTING PERSON
 
Arthur Charles Regan
2
CHECK THE APPROPRIATE BOX IF A MEMBER OF A GROUP
  (a) x
  (b) o
3
SEC USE ONLY
 
4
SOURCE OF FUNDS
 
 
5
CHECK BOX IF DISCLOSURE OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS IS REQUIRED PURSUANT TO ITEM 2(d) OR 2(e)
 
¨
6
CITIZENSHIP OR PLACE OF ORGANIZATION
 
USA
NUMBER OF SHARES BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON WITH
7
SOLE VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
8
SHARED VOTING POWER
 
- 0 -
9
SOLE DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
10
SHARED DISPOSITIVE POWER
 
- 0 -
11
AGGREGATE AMOUNT BENEFICIALLY OWNED BY EACH REPORTING PERSON
 
- 0 -
12
CHECK BOX IF THE AGGREGATE AMOUNT IN ROW (11) EXCLUDES CERTAIN SHARES
 
o
13
PERCENT OF CLASS REPRESENTED BY AMOUNT IN ROW (11)
 
0%
14
TYPE OF REPORTING PERSON
 
IN

 
6

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
The following constitutes Amendment No. 8 to the Schedule 13D filed by the undersigned (“Amendment No. 8”). This Amendment No. 8 amends the Schedule 13D as specifically set forth herein.
 
Item 2.
Identity and Background.
 
Item 2 is hereby amended and restated to read as follows:
 
 
(a)
This statement is filed by:
 
 
(i)
Karpus Management, Inc., d/b/a Karpus Investment Management (“Karpus”);
 
 
(ii)
Karpus Investment Management Defined Benefit Plan (“Karpus Plan”);
 
 
(ii)
George W. Karpus, the President and CEO of Karpus. Mr. Karpus owns Shares individually and may be deemed the beneficial owner of Shares held by The Karpus Family Foundation, Inc. and Karpus Plan (collectively, the “Karpus Entities”);
 
 
(iii)
Glen T. Insley; and
 
 
(iv)
Arthur Charles Regan
 
Each of the foregoing is referred to as a “Reporting Person” and collectively as the “Reporting Persons.” Each of the Reporting Persons is party to that certain Joint Filing and Solicitation Agreement as further described in Item 6. Accordingly, the Reporting Persons are hereby filing a joint Schedule 13D.
 
Set forth on Schedule A annexed hereto (“Schedule A”) is the name and present principal business, occupation or employment and the name, principal business and address of any corporation or other organization in which such employment is conducted of the executive officers and directors of Karpus.  To the best of the Reporting Persons’ knowledge, except as otherwise set on Schedule A, none of the persons listed on Schedule A beneficially owns any securities of the Issuer or is a party to any contract, agreement or understanding required to be disclosed herein.
 
(b)           The address of the principal office of each of Karpus, Karpus Plan and Mr. Karpus is 183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534. The address of the principal office of Mr. Insley is c/o Karpus Management, Inc., 183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534. The address of the principal office of Mr. Regan is 505 Eighth Avenue, Suite 800, New York, New York 10018.
 
(c)           The principal business of Karpus is serving as a registered investment adviser who provides investment management for individuals, pension plans, profit sharing plans, corporations, endowments, trusts, and others. The principal business of Karpus Plan is investing in securities. The principal occupation of Mr. Karpus is serving as the President and CEO of Karpus.
 
(d)           No Reporting Person nor any person listed on Schedule A has, during the last five years, been convicted in a criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations or similar misdemeanors).
 
 
7

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
(e)           No Reporting Person nor any person listed on Schedule A has, during the last five years, been party to a civil proceeding of a judicial or administrative body of competent jurisdiction and as a result of such proceeding was or is subject to a judgment, decree or final order enjoining future violations of, or prohibiting or mandating activities subject to, federal or state securities laws or finding any violation with respect to such laws
 
(f)           Karpus and Karpus Plan are organized under the laws of the State of New York. Messrs. Karpus, Insley and Regan are citizens of the United States of America.
 
Item 3.
Source and Amount of Funds or Other Consideration.
 
Item 3 is hereby amended and restated to read as follows:
 
Karpus, an independent registered investment advisor, has accumulated 3,105,201 Shares on behalf of accounts that are managed by Karpus (the “Accounts”) under limited powers of attorney, which represents 9.7% of the outstanding Shares. All funds that have been utilized in making such purchases are from such Accounts.
 
The aggregate purchase price of the 3,105,201 Shares beneficially owned by Karpus is approximately $38,916,031, excluding brokerage commissions.
 
The aggregate purchase price of the 3,500 Shares held by Karpus Plan is approximately $46,760, excluding brokerage commissions.
 
The aggregate purchase price of the 95,101 Shares held by Mr. Karpus and the Karpus Entities (excluding the Shares held by Karpus Plan) is approximately $1,227,754, excluding brokerage commissions.
 
Item 4.
Purpose of Transaction.
 
Item 4 is hereby amended and restated to read as follows:
 
On February 11, 2016, Karpus Plan delivered a letter to the Issuer nominating a slate of two (2) highly qualified director candidates, whom include Glen T. Insley and Arthur Charles Regan, (collectively, the “Nominees”), for election to the Board of Directors (the “Board”) at the Issuer’s 2016 Annual Meeting. The Reporting Persons have informed the Board that they are willing to enter into discussions in furtherance of reaching a mutually agreeable resolution. The Reporting Persons intend to closely monitor the situation at the Issuer.
 
Karpus Plan’s highly-qualified nominees are:
 
Glen T. Insley, CFA, has been a private investor since 2007. From 2000 to 2007, Mr. Insley served as Senior-Vice President and Managing Director of Investment Risk Management at Evergreen Investments, which was previously an investment management business of Wachovia. From 1993 to 2000, Mr. Insley served as Senior Vice-President and Managing Director of Fixed Income at Evergreen Investments.  Mr. Insley has served as the Chairman of the Valuation Committee at Evergreen Funds from 2004 to 2007. From 1998 to 2005, he served as Chairman of the Board of Vestaur Securities Corp., a then American Stock Exchange listed closed-end fund that reorganized into an open-end fund in 2005. From 1995 to 2002, he served as a Finance Committee Member of the HUM Group Inc./Healthcare Underwriters Mutual Insurance, a medical malpractice insurance company. Mr. Insley holds the Chartered Financial Analyst Designation, and received a B.A. from Trinity College.
 
 
8

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
Arthur Charles Regan, has been the President & CEO of Regan & Associates, Inc. a New York, NY based proxy solicitation/stockholder services firm founded by him since 1991 and has had numerous articles published on stockholder related matters.  From 1991 to 1998, Mr. Regan was the President of David Francis & Co., Inc., a proxy solicitation firm. From 1984 to 1988, Mr. Regan served as Vice President at Morrow & Co, Inc., a proxy solicitation firms. From 1997 to 2000 he served as an outside director and Corporate Secretary for US Wats, Inc., a Bala-Cynwyd, PA based publicly held telecommunications firm until that firm was merged out of existence. Mr. Regan received a BS from NYU.
 
Item 5.
Interest in Securities of the Issuer.
 
Items 5(a)-(c) are hereby amended and restated to read as follows:
 
The aggregate percentage of Shares reported owned by each Reporting Person is based upon 32,093,334 Shares outstanding, which is the total number of Shares outstanding as of June 30, 2015 as reported in the Issuer’s Certified Shareholder Report of Registered Management Investment Companies on Form N-CSR, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 8, 2015.
 
A.
Karpus
 
 
(a)
As of the close of business February 11, 2016, Karpus beneficially owned 3,105,201 Shares.
 
Percentage: Approximately 9.7%
 
 
(b)
1. Sole power to vote or direct vote: 3,105,201
 
2. Shared power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
3. Sole power to dispose or direct the disposition: 3,105,201
 
4. Shared power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0

 
(c)
The transactions in the Shares by Karpus since the filing of Amendment No. 7 to the Schedule 13D are set forth in Schedule B and are incorporated herein by reference.
 
B.
Karpus Plan
 
 
(a)
As of the close of business on February 11, 2016, Karpus Plan beneficially owned 3,500 Shares.
 
Percentage: Less than 1%
 
 
(b)
1. Sole power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
2. Shared power to vote or direct vote: 3,500
 
3. Sole power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0
 
4. Shared power to dispose or direct the disposition: 3,500

 
(c)
Karpus Plan has not entered into any transactions in the Shares since the filing of Amendment No. 7 to the Schedule 13D.
 
 
9

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
C.
Mr. Karpus
 
 
(a)
As of the close of business on February 11, 2016, Mr. Karpus, beneficially owned 84,801 Shares. In addition, Mr. Karpus may be deemed to beneficially own the 13,800 Shares held in the Karpus Entities.
 
Percentage: Less than 1 %
 
 
(b)
1. Sole power to vote or direct vote: 84,801
 
2. Shared power to vote or direct vote: 13,800
 
3. Sole power to dispose or direct the disposition: 84,801
 
4. Shared power to dispose or direct the disposition: 13,800

 
(c)
Mr. Karpus has not entered into any transactions in the Shares since the filing of Amendment No. 7 to the Schedule 13D.
 
D.
Mr. Insley
 
 
(a)
As of the close of business on February 11, 2016, Mr. Insley did not own any Shares.
 
Percentage: 0%
 
 
(b)
1. Sole power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
2. Shared power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
3. Sole power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0
 
4. Shared power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0

 
(c)
Mr. Insley has not entered into any transactions in the Shares since the filing of Amendment No. 7 to the Schedule 13D.
 
E.
Mr. Regan
 
 
(a)
As of the close of business on February 11, 2016, Mr. Regan did not own any Shares.
 
Percentage: 0%
 
 
(b)
1. Sole power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
2. Shared power to vote or direct vote: 0
 
3. Sole power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0
 
4. Shared power to dispose or direct the disposition: 0

 
(c)
Mr. Regan has not entered into any transactions in the Shares since the filing of Amendment No. 7 to the Schedule 13D.
 
The filing of this Schedule 13D shall not be construed as an admission that the Reporting Persons are, for purposes of Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the beneficial owners of any of the Shares reported herein. Each Reporting Person disclaims beneficial ownership of such Shares except to the extent of his or its pecuniary interest therein.
 
Item 6.
Contracts, Arrangements, Understandings or Relationships With Respect to Securities of the Issuer.
 
Item 6 is hereby amended to add the following:
 
 
10

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
On February 11, 2016, the Reporting Persons entered into a Joint Filing and Solicitation Agreement in which, among other things, (a) the Reporting Persons agreed to the joint filing on behalf of each of them of statements on Schedule 13D with respect to the securities of the Issuer and (b) the Reporting Persons agreed to solicit proxies or written consents for the election of the Nominees at the Annual Meeting. The Joint Filing and Solicitation Agreement is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 and is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 7.
Material to be Filed as Exhibits.
 
Item 7 is hereby amended and restated to read as follows.
 
 
99.1
Joint Filing and Solicitation Agreement by and among Karpus Management, Inc., Karpus Investment Management Defined Benefit Plan, George W. Karpus, Glen T. Insley and Arthur Charles Regan dated February 11, 2016.
 
 
11

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
SIGNATURES
 
After reasonable inquiry and to the best of his knowledge and belief, the undersigned certifies that the information set forth in this statement is true, complete and correct.
 
Dated:  February 16, 2016

 
KARPUS INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT DEFINED BENEFIT PLAN
     
 
By:
/s/ Kathleen F. Crane
   
Name:
Kathleen F. Crane
   
Title:
Chief Financial Officer & Chief Compliance Officer of Karpus Investment Management


 
KARPUS MANAGEMENT, INC.
     
 
By:
/s/ Daniel Lippincott
   
Name:
Daniel Lippincott
   
Title:
Senior Tax-Sensitive Manager


 
/s/ George W. Karpus
 
GEORGE W. KARPUS


 
/s/ Glen T. Insley
 
GLEN T. INSLEY


 
/s/ Arthur Charles Regan
 
ARTHUR CHARLES REGAN
 
 
12

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
SCHEDULE A
 
Executive Officers & Directors of Karpus Management, Inc., d/b/a Karpus Investment Management
 
Name
Position & Present Principal Occupation
Business Address
Shares Owned
George W. Karpus
President, CEO, and Chairman of the Board
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
See Above
Kathleen Finnerty Crane
Chief Financial Officer and Chief Compliance Officer
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
30 Shares
Dana R. Consler
Executive Vice President
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
1,500 Shares
Thomas M. Duffy
Vice President
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
None
Sharon L. Thornton
Senior Director of Investments
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
None
Daniel L. Lippincott
Sr. Tax-Sensitive Manager and Director of Investment Personnel
183 Sully’s Trail, Pittsford, New York 14534
None
 
 
 

 
CUSIP NO. 989837 20 8
 
SCHEDULE B
 
Transactions in the Shares During the Past Sixty Days
 

Nature of the Transaction
Securities
Purchased/(Sold)
Price Per
Share($)
Date of
Purchase / Sale

KARPUS MANAGEMENT, INC., D/B/A/ KARPUS INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT

Purchase of Common Stock
102,100
12.15
12/30/2015
Sale of Common Stock
(50)
11.65
01/12/2016
Purchase of Common Stock
200,000
11.61
01/14/2016
Purchase of Common Stock
7,900
10.95
01/20/2016
Account Close and Transfer
(1,200)*
--
01/25/2016
Sale of Common Stock
(737)
11.16
01/27/2016
Account Close and Transfer
(200)*
--
02/01/2016
 
_______________
* Represents a fund redemption in the form of an account close and transfer.
 
EX-99.1 2 ex991to13da810740002_021216.htm JOINT FILING AND SOLICITATION AGREEMENT ex991to13da810740002_021216.htm
Exhibit 99.1
 
JOINT FILING AND SOLICITATION AGREEMENT
 
WHEREAS, certain of the undersigned are stockholders, direct or beneficial, of The Zweig Total Return Fund, Inc., a Maryland corporation (the “Company”);
 
WHEREAS, Karpus Investment Management Defined Benefit Plan, Karpus Management, Inc., George W. Karpus (collectively, “Karpus”), Glen T. Insley and Arthur Charles Regan wish to form a group for the purpose of seeking representation on the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board”) at the 2016 annual meeting of stockholders of the Company (including any other meeting of stockholders held in lieu thereof, and any adjournments, postponements, reschedulings or continuations thereof, the “2016 Annual Meeting”) and for the purpose of taking all other action necessary to achieve the foregoing.

NOW, IT IS AGREED, this 11th day of February 2016 by the parties hereto:
 
1.           In accordance with Rule 13d-1(k)(1)(iii) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), each of the undersigned (collectively, the “Group”) agrees to the joint filing on behalf of each of them of statements on Schedule 13D, and any amendments thereto, with respect to the securities of the Company.  Each member of the Group shall be responsible for the accuracy and completeness of his/its own disclosure therein, and is not responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the information concerning the other members, unless such member knows or has reason to know that such information is inaccurate.
 
2.           So long as this agreement is in effect, each of the undersigned shall provide written notice to Olshan Frome Wolosky LLP (“Olshan”) of (i) any of their purchases or sales of securities of the Company; or (ii) any securities of the Company over which they acquire or dispose of beneficial ownership.  Notice shall be given no later than 24 hours after each such transaction.
 
3.           Each of the undersigned agrees to form the Group for the purpose of (i) soliciting proxies or written consents for the election of the persons nominated by the Group to the Board at the 2016 Annual Meeting, (ii) taking such other actions as the parties deem advisable, and (iii) taking all other action necessary or advisable to achieve the foregoing.
 
4.           Karpus shall have the right to pre-approve all expenses incurred in connection with the Group’s activities and agrees to pay directly all such pre-approved expenses.
 
5.           Each of the undersigned agrees that any SEC filing, press release or stockholder communication proposed to be made or issued by the Group or any member of the Group in connection with the Group’s activities set forth in Section 3 shall be first approved by Karpus, or its representatives, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld.
 
6.           The relationship of the parties hereto shall be limited to carrying on the business of the Group in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.  Such relationship shall be construed and deemed to be for the sole and limited purpose of carrying on such business as described herein.  Nothing herein shall be construed to authorize any party to act as an agent for any other party, or to create a joint venture or partnership, or to constitute an indemnification.  Nothing herein shall restrict any party’s right to purchase or sell securities of the Company, as he/it deems appropriate, in his/its sole discretion, provided that all such sales are made in compliance with all applicable securities laws.
 
7.           This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which, taken together, shall constitute but one and the same instrument, which may be sufficiently evidenced by one counterpart.
 
 
 

 
 
8.           In the event of any dispute arising out of the provisions of this Agreement or their investment in the Company, the parties hereto consent and submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal and State Courts in the State of New York.
 
9.           Any party hereto may terminate his/its obligations under this Agreement on 24 hours’ written notice to all other parties, with a copy by fax to Adam W. Finerman at Olshan, Fax No. (212) 451-2222.
 
10.           Each party acknowledges that Olshan shall act as counsel for both the Group and Karpus and its affiliates relating to their investment in the Company.
 
11.           Each of the undersigned parties hereby agrees that this Agreement shall be filed as an exhibit to a Schedule 13D pursuant to Rule 13d-1(k)(1)(iii) under the Exchange Act.
 
 
2

 
 
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the day and year first above written.

 
KARPUS INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT DEFINED BENEFIT PLAN
     
 
By:
/s/ Kathleen F. Crane
   
Name:
Kathleen F. Crane
   
Title:
Chief Financial Officer & Chief Compliance Officer of Karpus Investment Management


 
KARPUS MANAGEMENT, INC.
     
 
By:
/s/ Daniel Lippincott
   
Name:
Daniel Lippincott
   
Title:
Senior Tax-Sensitive Manager


 
/s/ George W. Karpus
 
GEORGE W. KARPUS


 
/s/ Glen T. Insley
 
GLEN T. INSLEY


 
/s/ Arthur Charles Regan
 
ARTHUR CHARLES REGAN