10-Q 1 mar-q12018x10q.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________ 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File No. 1-13881
_________________________________________________ 
milogoa01.jpg
MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________________
Delaware
 
52-2055918
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
10400 Fernwood Road, Bethesda, Maryland
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
20817
(Zip Code)
(301) 380-3000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
_______________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
 
Accelerated filer
 
¨
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 353,355,376 shares of Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding at April 26, 2018.





MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
FORM 10-Q TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
Part I.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Part II.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.



Item 6.
 
 
 
 



2


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
($ in millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
REVENUES
 
 
 
Base management fees
$
273

 
$
264

Franchise fees
417

 
355

Incentive management fees
155

 
140

Gross fee revenues
845

 
759

Contract investment amortization
(18
)
 
(11
)
Net fee revenues
827

 
748

Owned, leased, and other revenue
406

 
428

Cost reimbursement revenue
3,773

 
3,736

 
5,006

 
4,912

OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES
 
 
 
Owned, leased, and other-direct
336

 
356

Depreciation, amortization, and other
54

 
51

General, administrative, and other
247

 
212

Merger-related costs and charges
34

 
51

Reimbursed expenses
3,835

 
3,696

 
4,506

 
4,366

OPERATING INCOME
500

 
546

Gains and other income, net
59

 

Interest expense
(75
)
 
(70
)
Interest income
5

 
7

Equity in earnings
13

 
11

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
502

 
494

Provision for income taxes
(104
)
 
(123
)
NET INCOME
$
398

 
$
371

EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
 
 
Earnings per share - basic
$
1.11

 
$
0.96

Earnings per share - diluted
$
1.09

 
$
0.95

CASH DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER SHARE
$
0.33

 
$
0.30

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
($ in millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
Net income
$
398

 
$
371

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
152

 
188

Derivative instrument adjustments, net of tax
(3
)
 
(2
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities, net of tax

 
(1
)
Pension and postretirement adjustments, net of tax

 

Reclassification of losses (gains), net of tax
13

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
162

 
185

Comprehensive income
$
560

 
$
556

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4


MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
($ in millions)
(Unaudited)

 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
701

 
$
383

Accounts and notes receivable, net
2,098

 
1,973

Prepaid expenses and other
232

 
235

Assets held for sale
121

 
149

 
3,152

 
2,740

Property and equipment, net
1,791

 
1,793

Intangible assets
 
 
 
Brands
5,972

 
5,922

Contract acquisition costs and other
2,622

 
2,622

Goodwill
9,270

 
9,207

 
17,864

 
17,751

Equity method investments
754

 
734

Notes receivable, net
147

 
142

Deferred tax assets
172

 
93

Other noncurrent assets
604

 
593

 
$
24,484

 
$
23,846

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
988

 
$
398

Accounts payable
766

 
783

Accrued payroll and benefits
1,163

 
1,214

Liability for guest loyalty programs
2,238

 
2,121

Accrued expenses and other
1,314

 
1,291

 
6,469

 
5,807

Long-term debt
7,858

 
7,840

Liability for guest loyalty programs
3,029

 
2,819

Deferred tax liabilities
634

 
605

Deferred revenue
645

 
583

Other noncurrent liabilities
2,283

 
2,610

Shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
Class A Common Stock
5

 
5

Additional paid-in-capital
5,685

 
5,770

Retained earnings
7,898

 
7,242

Treasury stock, at cost
(10,163
)
 
(9,418
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
141

 
(17
)
 
3,566

 
3,582

 
$
24,484

 
$
23,846

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
($ in millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
398

 
$
371

Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation, amortization, and other
73

 
62

Share-based compensation
42

 
48

Income taxes
16

 
86

Liability for guest loyalty programs
325

 
69

Contract acquisition costs
(29
)
 
(53
)
Merger-related charges
(16
)
 
(36
)
Working capital changes
(185
)
 
(135
)
(Gain) loss on asset dispositions
(60
)
 
1

Other
111

 
49

Net cash provided by operating activities
675

 
462

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(64
)
 
(48
)
Dispositions
108

 
311

Loan advances
(12
)
 
(28
)
Loan collections
5

 
7

Other
12

 
1

Net cash provided by investing activities
49

 
243

FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Commercial paper/Credit Facility, net
627

 
(26
)
Issuance of long-term debt

 
1

Repayment of long-term debt
(13
)
 
(4
)
Issuance of Class A Common Stock
4

 
2

Dividends paid
(118
)
 
(115
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(815
)
 
(582
)
Share-based compensation withholding taxes
(95
)
 
(99
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(410
)
 
(823
)
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
314

 
(118
)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period (1)
429

 
887

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period (1)
$
743

 
$
769

(1) 
The 2018 first quarter amounts include restricted cash of $46 million at December 31, 2017, and $42 million at March 31, 2018, which we present in the “Prepaid expenses and other” and “Other noncurrent assets” captions of our Balance Sheets.
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6


MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1.    BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The condensed consolidated financial statements present the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows of Marriott International, Inc. and subsidiaries (referred to in this report as “we,” “us,” “Marriott,” or “the Company”). In order to make this report easier to read, we also refer throughout to (i) our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as our “Financial Statements,” (ii) our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as our “Income Statements,” (iii) our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as our “Balance Sheets,” (iv) our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as our “Statements of Cash Flows,” (v) our properties, brands, or markets in the United States (“U.S.”) and Canada as “North America” or “North American,” and (vi) our properties, brands, or markets in our Caribbean and Latin America, Europe, and Middle East and Africa regions as “Other International,” and together with those in our Asia Pacific segment, as “International.” In addition, references throughout to numbered “Footnotes” refer to the numbered Notes in these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, unless otherwise noted.
These Financial Statements have not been audited. We have condensed or omitted certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The financial statements in this report should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (“2017 Form 10-K”). Certain terms not otherwise defined in this Form 10-Q have the meanings specified in our 2017 Form 10-K.
Preparation of financial statements that conform with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities. Accordingly, ultimate results could differ from those estimates.
The accompanying Financial Statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and the results of our operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017. Interim results may not be indicative of fiscal year performance because of seasonal and short-term variations. We have eliminated all material intercompany transactions and balances between entities consolidated in these Financial Statements.
The accompanying Financial Statements also reflect our adoption of several new accounting standards. See the “New Accounting Standards Adopted” caption below for additional information.
New Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02 “Leases” (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 introduces a lessee model that brings substantially all leases onto the balance sheet. Under the new standard, a lessee will recognize on its balance sheet a lease liability and a right-of-use asset for most leases, including operating leases. The new standard will also distinguish leases as either finance leases or operating leases. This distinction will affect how leases are measured and presented in the income statement and statement of cash flows. The standard is effective for us beginning in our 2019 first quarter and requires the use of a modified retrospective transition method. We are still assessing the potential impact that ASU 2016-02 will have on our financial statements and disclosures, but we expect that it will have a material effect on our Balance Sheets.

7


New Accounting Standards Adopted
ASU 2016-18 “Restricted Cash” (Topic 230). ASU 2016-18 requires companies to include restricted cash with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling beginning and ending amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. We adopted ASU 2016-18 in the 2018 first quarter using the retrospective transition method, and accordingly, we revised prior period amounts, as shown in the “Statements of Cash Flows” table below.
ASU 2016-16 “Accounting for Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other than Inventory” (Topic 740). ASU 2016-16 requires companies to recognize the income tax effects of intercompany sales of assets other than inventory when the transfer occurs. We adopted ASU 2016-16 in the 2018 first quarter using the modified retrospective transition method and recorded an adjustment of $372 million for the cumulative effect to retained earnings at January 1, 2018.
ASU 2016-15 “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments” (Topic 230). ASU 2016-15 specifies how certain cash receipts and payments are to be classified in the statement of cash flows and primarily impacts our presentation of cash outflows for commercial paper. Under ASU 2016-15, we are required to attribute a portion of the payments to accreted interest and classify that portion as cash outflows for operating activities. We adopted ASU 2016-15 in the 2018 first quarter using the retrospective transition method, and accordingly, we revised prior period amounts, as shown in the “Statements of Cash Flows” table below.
ASU 2016-01 “Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” (Topic 825). ASU 2016-01 eliminates the available-for-sale classification for equity investments and requires companies to measure equity investments at fair value and recognize any changes in the fair value in net income. We adopted ASU 2016-01 in the 2018 first quarter using the modified retrospective transition method and recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment of $4 million to retained earnings at January 1, 2018.
ASU 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606). ASU 2014-09 and several related ASUs (collectively referred to as “ASU 2014-09”) supersede the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, as well as most industry-specific guidance, and provide a principles-based, comprehensive framework in Topic 606, Revenue Recognition. ASU 2014-09 also specifies the accounting for certain costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer and provides enhanced disclosure requirements. We adopted ASU 2014-09 in the 2018 first quarter using the full retrospective transition method. See Footnote 2. Revenues for disclosures required by ASU 2014-09, including our revenue recognition accounting policies.
When we adopted ASU 2014-09, we applied the following expedients and exemptions, which are allowed by the standard, to our prior period Financial Statements and disclosures:
We used the transaction price at the date of contract completion for our contracts that had variable consideration and were completed before January 1, 2018.
We considered the aggregate effect of all contract modifications that occurred before January 1, 2016 when: (1) identifying satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations; (2) determining the transaction price; and (3) allocating the transaction price to the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations.
We did not: (1) disclose the amount of the transaction price that we allocated to remaining performance obligations; or (2) include an explanation of when we expect to recognize the revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations.
The cumulative effect of adopting ASU 2014-09 was a decrease in 2016 retained earnings of approximately $264 million.
The following tables present the effect of the adoption of ASUs 2014-09, 2016-15, and 2016-18 on our Financial Statements included in this report.

8


Income Statements
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
($ in millions, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2017
(As Previously Reported)
 
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
March 31, 2017
(As Adjusted)
REVENUES
 
 
 
 
 
Base management fees
$
264

 
$

 
$
264

Franchise fees
365

 
(10
)
 
355

Incentive management fees
153

 
(13
)
 
140

Gross fee revenues
782

 
(23
)
 
759

Contract investment amortization

 
(11
)
 
(11
)
Net fee revenues
782

 
(34
)
 
748

Owned, leased, and other revenue
439

 
(11
)
 
428

Cost reimbursement revenue
4,340

 
(604
)
 
3,736

 
5,561

 
(649
)
 
4,912

OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
Owned, leased, and other-direct
358

 
(2
)
 
356

Depreciation, amortization, and other
65

 
(14
)
 
51

General, administrative, and other
210

 
2

 
212

Merger-related costs and charges
51

 

 
51

Reimbursed expenses
4,340

 
(644
)
 
3,696

 
5,024

 
(658
)
 
4,366

OPERATING INCOME
537

 
9

 
546

Gains and other income, net

 

 

Interest expense
(70
)
 

 
(70
)
Interest income
7

 

 
7

Equity in earnings
11

 

 
11

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
485

 
9

 
494

Provision for income taxes
(120
)
 
(3
)
 
(123
)
NET INCOME
$
365

 
$
6

 
$
371

EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share - basic
$
0.95

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.96

Earnings per share - diluted
$
0.94

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.95

Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
($ in millions)
March 31, 2017
(As Previously Reported)
 
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
March 31, 2017
(As Adjusted)
Net income
$
365

 
$
6

 
$
371

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
188

 

 
188

Derivative instrument adjustments, net of tax
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
Unrealized (loss) gain on available-for-sale securities, net of tax
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Pension and postretirement adjustments, net of tax

 

 

Reclassification of losses, net of tax

 

 

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
185

 

 
185

Comprehensive income
$
550

 
$
6

 
$
556


9


Balance Sheets
($ in millions)
December 31, 2017
(As Previously Reported) (1)
 
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
December 31, 2017
(As Adjusted)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
383

 
$

 
$
383

Accounts and notes receivable, net
1,999

 
(26
)
 
1,973

Prepaid expenses and other
216

 
19

 
235

Assets held for sale
149

 

 
149

 
2,747

 
(7
)
 
2,740

Property and equipment, net
1,793

 

 
1,793

Intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
Brands
5,922

 

 
5,922

Contract acquisition costs and other
2,884

 
(262
)
 
2,622

Goodwill
9,207

 

 
9,207

 
18,013

 
(262
)
 
17,751

Equity method investments
735

 
(1
)
 
734

Notes receivable, net
142

 

 
142

Deferred tax assets
93

 

 
93

Other noncurrent assets
426

 
167

 
593

 
$
23,949

 
$
(103
)
 
$
23,846

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
398

 
$

 
$
398

Accounts payable
783

 

 
783

Accrued payroll and benefits
1,214

 

 
1,214

Liability for guest loyalty programs
2,064

 
57

 
2,121

Accrued expenses and other
1,541

 
(250
)
 
1,291

 
6,000

 
(193
)
 
5,807

Long-term debt
7,840

 

 
7,840

Liability for guest loyalty programs
2,876

 
(57
)
 
2,819

Deferred tax liabilities
604

 
1

 
605

Deferred revenue
145

 
438

 
583

Other noncurrent liabilities
2,753

 
(143
)
 
2,610

Shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
Class A Common Stock
5

 

 
5

Additional paid-in-capital
5,770

 

 
5,770

Retained earnings
7,391

 
(149
)
 
7,242

Treasury stock, at cost
(9,418
)
 

 
(9,418
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(17
)
 

 
(17
)
 
3,731

 
(149
)
 
3,582

 
$
23,949

 
$
(103
)
 
$
23,846

(1) 
Includes reclassifications among various captions, including Deferred revenue and Other noncurrent liabilities, to conform to current period presentation.

10


Statements of Cash Flows
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
($ in millions)
March 31, 2017
(As Previously Reported)
 
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
 
Adoption of ASUs 2016-18 and 2016-15
 
March 31, 2017
(As Adjusted)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
365

 
$
6

 
$

 
$
371

Adjustments to reconcile to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation, amortization, and other
65

 
(3
)
 

 
62

Share-based compensation
48

 

 

 
48

Income taxes
82

 
4

 

 
86

Liability for guest loyalty program
60

 
9

 

 
69

Contract acquisition costs

 
(53
)
 

 
(53
)
Merger-related charges
(36
)
 

 

 
(36
)
Working capital changes
(108
)
 
(28
)
 
1

 
(135
)
(Gain) loss on asset dispositions
1

 

 

 
1

Other
49

 
7

 
(7
)
 
49

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
526

 
(58
)
 
(6
)
 
462

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(48
)
 

 

 
(48
)
Dispositions
311

 

 

 
311

Loan advances
(28
)
 

 

 
(28
)
Loan collections
7

 

 

 
7

Contract acquisition costs
(54
)
 
54

 

 

Other
(4
)
 
4

 
1

 
1

Net cash provided by investing activities
184

 
58

 
1

 
243

FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper/Credit Facility, net
(33
)
 

 
7

 
(26
)
Issuance of long-term debt
1

 

 

 
1

Repayment of long-term debt
(4
)
 

 

 
(4
)
Issuance of Class A Common Stock
2

 

 

 
2

Dividends paid
(115
)
 

 

 
(115
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(582
)
 

 

 
(582
)
Share-based compensation withholding taxes
(99
)
 

 

 
(99
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(830
)
 

 
7

 
(823
)
(DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
(120
)
 

 
2

 
(118
)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, beginning of period
858

 

 
29

 
887

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH, end of period
$
738

 
$

 
$
31

 
$
769

See Footnote 10. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Shareholders’ Equity for the impact of the adoption of new accounting standards on our shareholders’ equity.
2. REVENUES
Disaggregation of Revenues
The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by major revenue stream for the 2018 first quarter and the 2017 first quarter.

11


 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
($ in millions)
North American Full Service
 
North American Limited Service
 
Asia Pacific
 
Other International
 
Total
Gross fee revenues
$
299

 
$
196

 
$
117

 
$
122

 
$
734

Contract investment amortization
(11
)
 
(3
)
 

 
(4
)
 
(18
)
Net fee revenues
288

 
193

 
117

 
118

 
716

Owned, leased, and other revenue
155

 
33

 
47

 
158

 
393

Cost reimbursement revenue
2,856

 
535

 
111

 
251

 
3,753

Total segment revenue
$
3,299

 
$
761

 
$
275

 
$
527

 
$
4,862

Unallocated corporate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
144

Total revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
5,006

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
($ in millions)
North American Full Service
 
North American Limited Service
 
Asia Pacific
 
Other International
 
Total
Gross fee revenues
$
289

 
$
181

 
$
97

 
$
112

 
$
679

Contract investment amortization
(6
)
 
(3
)
 

 
(2
)
 
(11
)
Net fee revenues
283

 
178

 
97

 
110

 
668

Owned, leased, and other revenue
197

 
31

 
41

 
149

 
418

Cost reimbursement revenue
2,760

 
532

 
103

 
253

 
3,648

Total segment revenue
$
3,240

 
$
741

 
$
241

 
$
512

 
$
4,734

Unallocated corporate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
178

Total revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,912

Performance Obligations
For our managed hotels, we have performance obligations to provide hotel management services and a license to our hotel system intellectual property for the use of our brand names. As compensation for such services, we are generally entitled to receive base fees, which are a percentage of the revenues of hotels, and incentives fees, which are generally based on a measure of hotel profitability. Both the base and incentive management fees are variable consideration, as the transaction price is based on a percentage of revenue or profit, as defined in each contract. We recognize base management fees on a monthly basis over the term of the agreement as those amounts become payable. We recognize incentive management fees on a monthly basis over the term of the agreement based on each property's financial results, as long as we do not expect a significant reversal due to projected future hotel performance or cash flows in future periods.
For our franchised hotels, we have a performance obligation to provide franchisees and operators a license to our hotel system intellectual property for use of certain of our brand names. As compensation for such services, we are typically entitled to initial application fees and ongoing royalty fees. Our ongoing royalty fees represent variable consideration, as the transaction price is based on a percentage of certain revenues of the hotels, as defined in each contract. We recognize royalty fees on a monthly basis over the term of the agreement as those amounts become payable. Initial application and relicensing fees are fixed consideration payable upon submission of a franchise application or renewal and are recognized on a straight-line basis over the initial or renewal term of the franchise agreements.
Under our management and franchise agreements, we are entitled to be reimbursed for certain costs we incur on behalf of the managed, franchised, and licensed properties, with no added mark-up. These costs primarily consist of payroll and related expenses at managed properties where we are the employer of the employees at the properties, and include certain operational and administrative costs as provided for in our contracts with the owners. We are entitled to reimbursement in the period we incur the related reimbursable costs, which we recognize within the “Cost reimbursement revenue” caption of our Income Statements.

12


Under our management and franchise agreements, hotel owners and franchisees participate in certain centralized programs and services, such as marketing, sales, reservations, and insurance programs. We operate these programs and services for the benefit of our hotel owners. We do not operate these programs and services to generate a profit over the contract term, and accordingly, when we recover the costs that we incur for these programs and services from our hotel owners, we do not seek a mark-up. The amounts we charge for these programs and services are generally based on sales or other variable metrics and are payable on a monthly basis. We recognize revenue within the “Cost reimbursement revenue” caption of our Income Statements when the amounts may be billed to hotel owners, and we recognize expenses within the “Reimbursed expenses” caption as they are incurred. This pattern of recognition results in temporary timing differences between the costs incurred for centralized programs and services and the related reimbursement from hotel owners in our operating and net income. Over the long term, these programs and services are not designed to impact our economics, either positively or negatively. In addition, proceeds from the sale of our interest in Avendra that we expend for the benefit of our hotel owners are included in “Reimbursed expenses”.
We provide hotel design and construction review quality assurance (“Global Design”) services to our managed and franchised hotel owners, generally during the period prior to a hotel’s opening or during the period a hotel is converting to a Marriott brand (the “pre-opening period”). As compensation for such services, we may be entitled to receive a one-time fixed fee that is payable during the pre-opening period of the hotel. As these services are not a distinct performance obligation, we recognize the fees on a straight-line basis over the initial term of the management or franchise agreement within the “Owned, leased, and other revenue” caption of our Income Statements.
At our owned and leased hotels, we have performance obligations to provide accommodations and other ancillary services to hotel guests. As compensation for such goods and services, we are typically entitled to a fixed nightly fee for an agreed upon period and additional fixed fees for any ancillary services purchased. These fees are generally payable at the time the hotel guest checks out of the hotel. We generally satisfy the performance obligations over time, and we recognize the revenue from room sales and from other ancillary guest services on a daily basis, as the rooms are occupied and we have rendered the services.
Under our Loyalty Programs, we have a performance obligation to provide or arrange for the provision of goods or services for free or at a discount to Loyalty Program members in exchange for the redemption of points earned from past activities. We operate our Loyalty Programs as cross-brand marketing programs to participating properties. Our management and franchise agreements require that properties reimburse us for a portion of the costs of operating the Loyalty Programs, including costs for marketing, promotion, communication with, and performing member services for Loyalty Program members, with no added mark-up. We receive contributions on a monthly basis from managed, franchised, owned, and leased hotels based on a portion of qualified spend by Loyalty Program members. We recognize these contributions into revenue as the points are redeemed and we provide the related service. The amount of revenue we recognize upon point redemption is impacted by our estimate of the “breakage” for points that members will never redeem. We estimate such amounts based on our historical experience and expectations of future member behavior. We recognize revenue net of the redemption cost within our “Cost reimbursement revenue” caption on our Income Statements, as our performance obligation is to facilitate the transaction between the Loyalty Program member and the managed or franchised property or program partner. We recognize all other Loyalty Program costs as incurred in our “Reimbursed expenses” caption.
We have multi-year agreements for our co-brand credit cards associated with our Loyalty Programs. Under these agreements, we have performance obligations to provide a license to the intellectual property associated with our brands and marketing lists (“Licensed IP”) to the financial institution that issues the credit cards, to arrange for the redemption of Loyalty Program points as discussed in the preceding paragraph, and to provide free night certificates to cardholders. We receive fees from these agreements, including fixed amounts that are primarily payable at contract inception, and variable amounts that are paid to us monthly over the term of the agreements, based on: (1) the number of free night certificates issued and redeemed; (2) the number of Loyalty Program points purchased; and (3) the volume of cardholder spend. We allocate those fees among the performance obligations, including the Licensed IP, our Loyalty Program points, and free night certificates provided to cardholders based on their estimated standalone selling prices. The estimation of the standalone selling prices requires significant judgments based upon generally accepted valuation methodologies regarding the value of our Licensed IP, the

13


amount of funding we will receive, and the number of Loyalty Program points and free night certificates we will issue over the term of the agreements. We base our estimates of these amounts on our historical experience and expectation of future cardholder behavior. We recognize the portion of the Licensed IP revenue that meets the sales-based royalty criteria as the credit cards are used and the remaining portion of the Licensed IP revenue on a straight-line basis over the contract term. In our Income Statements, we primarily recognize Licensed IP revenue in the “Franchise fees” caption, and we recognize a portion in the “Cost reimbursement revenue” caption. We recognize the revenue related to the Loyalty Program points as discussed in the preceding paragraph. We recognize the revenue related to the free night certificates when the related service is provided. If the free night certificate redemption involves a managed or franchised property, we recognize revenue net of the redemption cost, as our performance obligation is to facilitate the transaction between the Loyalty Program member and the managed or franchised property.
Contract Balances
We generally receive payments from customers as we satisfy our performance obligations. We record a receivable when we have an unconditional right to receive payment and only the passage of time is required before payment is due. We record deferred revenue when we receive payment, or have the unconditional right to receive payment, in advance of the satisfaction of our performance obligations related to franchise application and relicensing fees, Global Design fees, credit card branding license fees, and our Loyalty Programs.
Current and noncurrent deferred revenue increased by $85 million, from $685 million at December 31, 2017 to $770 million at March 31, 2018, primarily as a result of our revenue recognition activity described above in the “Performance Obligations” caption. The increase was primarily attributed to a $96 million increase related to our credit card branding licenses and a $9 million increase related to franchise application and relicensing fees, partially offset by an $8 million decrease related to Global Design activity.
Our current and noncurrent Loyalty Program liability increased by $327 million, from $4,940 million at December 31, 2017 to $5,267 million at March 31, 2018, primarily reflecting an increase in points earned and consideration from our credit card agreements, partially offset by revenue recognized of $425 million that we had deferred at December 31, 2017.
Costs incurred to obtain and fulfill contracts with customers
We incur certain costs to obtain and fulfill contracts with customers, which we capitalize and amortize on a straight-line basis over the initial, non-cancellable term of the contract. We classify incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer in the “Contract acquisition costs and other” caption of our Balance Sheets, the related amortization in the “Contract investment amortization” caption of our Income Statements, and the cash flow impact in the “Contract acquisition costs” caption of our Statements of Cash Flows. We classify certain direct costs to fulfill a contract with a customer in the “Other noncurrent assets” caption of our Balance Sheets, and the related amortization in the “Owned, leased, and other-direct” caption of our Income Statements.
We had capitalized costs to fulfill contracts with customers of $301 million at March 31, 2018 and $295 million at December 31, 2017.
Practical Expedients and Exemptions
We do not disclose the amount of variable consideration that we expect to recognize in future periods in the following circumstances:
(1) if we recognize the revenue based on the amount invoiced or services performed;
(2) for sales-based or usage-based royalty promised in exchange for a license of intellectual property; or
(3) if the consideration is allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct service that forms part of a single performance obligation, and the terms of the consideration relate specifically to our efforts to transfer, or to a specific outcome from transferring the service.

14


We are required to collect certain taxes and fees from customers on behalf of governmental agencies and remit these back to the applicable governmental agencies on a periodic basis. We do not include these taxes in determining the transaction price.
3.    DISPOSITIONS
In the 2018 first quarter, we sold The Sheraton Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center and Park Tower, A Luxury Collection Hotel, Buenos Aires, both Caribbean and Latin America properties, and received $100 million in cash. We recognized a $53 million gain in the “Gains and other income, net” caption of our Income Statements.
Planned Dispositions
At the end of the 2018 first quarter, we held $121 million of assets classified as “Assets held for sale” on our Balance Sheets related to two Asia Pacific properties, one North American Full-Service property, and the remaining Miami Beach EDITION residences.
4.    EARNINGS PER SHARE
The table below presents the reconciliation of the earnings and number of shares used in our calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
Three Months Ended
(in millions, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
Computation of Basic Earnings Per Share
 
 
 
Net income
$
398

 
$
371

Shares for basic earnings per share
358.4

 
384.9

Basic earnings per share
$
1.11

 
$
0.96

Computation of Diluted Earnings Per Share
 
 
 
Net income
$
398

 
$
371

Shares for basic earnings per share
358.4

 
384.9

Effect of dilutive securities
 
 
 
Share-based compensation
4.9

 
5.1

Shares for diluted earnings per share
363.3

 
390.0

Diluted earnings per share
$
1.09

 
$
0.95

5.    SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
We recorded share-based compensation expense of $42 million in the 2018 first quarter and $48 million in the 2017 first quarter. Deferred compensation costs for unvested awards totaled $318 million at March 31, 2018 and $168 million at December 31, 2017.
RSUs and PSUs
We granted 1.3 million RSUs during the 2018 first quarter to certain officers, key employees, and non-employee directors, and those units vest generally over four years in equal annual installments commencing one year after the grant date. We granted 0.1 million PSUs in the 2018 first quarter to certain executive officers, subject to continued employment and the satisfaction of certain performance conditions based on achievement of pre-established targets for Adjusted EBITDA, RevPAR Index, room openings, and/or net administrative expense over, or at the end of, a three-year performance period. RSUs, including PSUs, granted in the 2018 first quarter had a weighted average grant-date fair value of $133.

15


6.    INCOME TAXES
Our effective tax rate decreased to 20.8 percent for the 2018 first quarter from 25.0 percent for the 2017 first quarter, primarily due to the reduction of the U.S. federal tax rate under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Tax Act”), the release of tax reserves due to the completion of certain examinations, increased earnings in jurisdictions with lower tax rates, increases in excess tax deductions related to the vesting and exercise of share-based awards, and a reduction of the provisional Deemed Repatriation Transition Tax (“Transition Tax”) estimate due to the impact of a 2018 first quarter audit settlement. The decrease was partially offset by tax expense incurred for uncertain tax positions relating to legacy-Starwood operations, increased state income tax due to a change in our position regarding the future remittance of a portion of the accumulated earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries, tax expense related to the gain on the sale of two properties in the 2018 first quarter, and the current period’s provisional estimate of tax for global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) under the 2017 Tax Act.
We paid cash for income taxes, net of refunds, of $88 million in the 2018 first quarter and $37 million in the 2017 first quarter.
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017
Although we have not completed our accounting for the effects of the 2017 Tax Act, we have where possible made reasonable estimates of the 2017 Tax Act’s effects on our existing deferred tax balances and the Transition Tax, as described below. In cases where we have not been able to make reasonable estimates of the impact of the 2017 Tax Act, as described below, we continue to account for those items based on our existing accounting under ASC 740, Income Taxes, and the provisions of the tax laws that were in effect immediately before enactment of the 2017 Tax Act. In all cases, we will continue to refine our calculations as we complete additional analyses on the application of the law. As we complete our analysis, collect and prepare necessary data, and interpret any additional regulatory guidance, we may adjust the provisional amounts that we have recorded during a measurement period of up to one year from the enactment of the 2017 Tax Act that could materially impact our provision for income taxes, which could in turn materially affect our tax obligations and effective tax rate, in the periods in which we make such adjustments.
Reduction of U.S. federal corporate tax rate. The 2017 Tax Act reduced the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent, effective January 1, 2018. In 2017, we made a reasonable estimate of the net impact of the corporate tax rate reduction on our deferred tax assets and liabilities, which did not change in the 2018 first quarter. However, our estimate could change as we complete our analyses of all impacts of the 2017 Tax Act, including, but not limited to, the state tax effect of adjustments made to federal temporary differences.
Deemed Repatriation Transition Tax. The Transition Tax is a new one-time tax on previously untaxed earnings and profits (“E&P”) of certain of our foreign subsidiaries accumulated post-1986 through year-end 2017. In addition to U.S. federal income taxes, the deemed repatriation of such E&P may result in additional state income taxes in some of the U.S. states in which we operate. In the 2018 first quarter, we reduced our Transition Tax provisional estimate and recorded a benefit of $5 million, resulting in a net provisional estimated federal and state Transition Tax of $740 million. This adjustment resulted from changes to E&P as a result of completing an IRS audit. Our total Transition Tax estimate could continue to change as we finalize our analysis of untaxed post-1986 E&P, amounts held in cash or other specified assets, and as audits of federal income taxes are completed.
The 2017 Tax Act does not provide for additional income taxes for any remaining undistributed foreign earnings not subject to the Transition Tax, or for any additional outside basis differences inherent in foreign entities, as these amounts continue to be indefinitely reinvested in those foreign operations. Substantially all our unremitted foreign earnings that have not been previously taxed have now been subjected to U.S. taxation under the Transition Tax. In the 2018 first quarter, we recorded a state tax expense of $27 million relating to our plan to remit a portion of the accumulated earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries in the future. This estimate could change as we complete additional analyses of the impacts of the 2017 Tax Act.
State net operating losses and valuation allowances. We must assess whether our state net operating loss valuation allowances are affected by various aspects of the 2017 Tax Act. As discussed above, we have recorded provisional amounts related to state income taxes for certain portions of the 2017 Tax Act, but we have not

16


completed our analysis for the states where we have net operating loss carryovers and valuation allowances. Because we have not yet completed our determination of the need for, or any change in, any valuation allowance, we have not yet recorded any change to valuation allowances.
Other provisions. The 2017 Tax Act also included a new provision designed to tax GILTI. Under GAAP, we may make an accounting policy election to either (1) treat any taxes on GILTI inclusions as a current-period expense when incurred (the “period cost method”) or (2) factor such amounts into our measurement of our deferred taxes (the “deferred method”). We have not yet adopted either accounting policy because we have not completed our analysis of this provision. We recorded a provision for GILTI tax related to current-year operations in our estimated annual effective tax rate. Because we are still evaluating the GILTI provisions and performing our analysis of future taxable income that is subject GILTI, we have not provided for additional GILTI tax on deferred items.
7.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Guarantees
We present the maximum potential amount of our future guarantee fundings and the carrying amount of our liability for our debt service, operating profit, and other guarantees for which we are the primary obligor at March 31, 2018 in the following table:
($ in millions)
Guarantee Type
 
Maximum Potential Amount of Future Fundings
 
Recorded Liability for Guarantees
Debt service
 
$
131

 
$
76

Operating profit
 
232

 
108

Other
 
10

 
2

 
 
$
373

 
$
186

Contingent Purchase Obligations
Times Square EDITION. In the 2018 second quarter, the owner of the Times Square EDITION sold the property, and the lenders terminated our contingent purchase agreement.
Sheraton Grand Chicago. We granted the owner a one-time right, exercisable in 2022, to require us to purchase the leasehold interest in the land and the hotel for $300 million in cash (the “put option”). If the owner exercises the put option, we have the option to purchase, at the same time the put transaction closes, the underlying fee simple interest in the land for an additional $200 million in cash. We accounted for the put option as a guarantee, and our recorded liability at March 31, 2018 was $57 million.
Other Contingencies
In connection with our acquisition of Starwood and our assessment of various regulatory compliance matters at certain foreign legacy-Starwood locations, including compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, we have determined that we do not need to establish reserves, or accrue expenses, based on the results of this assessment and the steps we have taken to integrate Starwood into Marriott’s compliance program.

17


8.    LONG-TERM DEBT
We provide detail on our long-term debt balances, net of discounts, premiums, and debt issuance costs, in the following table at the end of the 2018 first quarter and year-end 2017:
 
At Period End
($ in millions)
March 31,
2018
 
December 31, 2017
Senior Notes:
 
 
 
Series K Notes, interest rate of 3.0%, face amount of $600, maturing March 1, 2019
(effective interest rate of 4.4%)
$
598

 
$
598

Series L Notes, interest rate of 3.3%, face amount of $350, maturing September 15, 2022
(effective interest rate of 3.4%)
348

 
348

Series M Notes, interest rate of 3.4%, face amount of $350, maturing October 15, 2020
(effective interest rate of 3.6%)
348

 
348

Series N Notes, interest rate of 3.1%, face amount of $400, maturing October 15, 2021
(effective interest rate of 3.4%)
397

 
397

Series O Notes, interest rate of 2.9%, face amount of $450, maturing March 1, 2021
(effective interest rate of 3.1%)
448

 
447

Series P Notes, interest rate of 3.8%, face amount of $350, maturing October 1, 2025
(effective interest rate of 4.0%)
345

 
345

Series Q Notes, interest rate of 2.3%, face amount of $750, maturing January 15, 2022
(effective interest rate of 2.5%)
744

 
744

Series R Notes, interest rate of 3.1%, face amount of $750, maturing June 15, 2026
(effective interest rate of 3.3%)
743

 
743

Series S Notes, interest rate of 6.8%, face amount of $324, maturing May 15, 2018
(effective interest rate of 1.7%)
326

 
330

Series T Notes, interest rate of 7.2%, face amount of $181, maturing December 1, 2019
(effective interest rate of 2.3%)
194

 
197

Series U Notes, interest rate of 3.1%, face amount of $291, maturing February 15, 2023
(effective interest rate of 3.1%)
291

 
291

Series V Notes, interest rate of 3.8%, face amount of $318, maturing March 15, 2025
(effective interest rate of 2.8%)
337

 
337

Series W Notes, interest rate of 4.5%, face amount of $278, maturing October 1, 2034
(effective interest rate of 4.1%)
292

 
292

Commercial paper
2,998

 
2,371

Credit Facility

 

Capital lease obligations
170

 
171

Other
267

 
279

 
$
8,846

 
$
8,238

Less: Current portion of long-term debt
(988
)
 
(398
)
 
$
7,858

 
$
7,840

We paid cash for interest, net of amounts capitalized, of $51 million in the 2018 first quarter and $49 million in the 2017 first quarter.
We are party to a multicurrency revolving credit agreement (the “Credit Facility”) that provides for up to $4,000 million of aggregate effective borrowings to support our commercial paper program and general corporate needs, including working capital, capital expenditures, share repurchases, letters of credit, and acquisitions. Borrowings under the Credit Facility generally bear interest at LIBOR (the London Interbank Offered Rate) plus a spread, based on our public debt rating. We also pay quarterly fees on the Credit Facility at a rate based on our public debt rating. While any outstanding commercial paper borrowings and/or borrowings under our Credit Facility generally have short-term maturities, we classify the outstanding borrowings as long-term based on our ability and intent to refinance the outstanding borrowings on a long-term basis. The Credit Facility expires on June 10, 2021. See the “Cash Requirements and Our Credit Facility” caption later in this report in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of Item 2 below for further information on our Credit Facility and available borrowing capacity at March 31, 2018.

18


In the 2018 second quarter, we issued $450 million aggregate principal amount of 4.000 percent Series X Notes due April 15, 2028 (the “Series X Notes”). We will pay interest on the Series X Notes on April 15 and October 15 of each year, commencing on October 15, 2018. We received net proceeds of approximately $443 million from the offering of the Series X Notes, after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated expenses. We expect to use these proceeds for general corporate purposes, which may include working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, stock repurchases, or repayment of outstanding commercial paper or other borrowings.
9.    FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We believe that the fair values of our current assets and current liabilities approximate their reported carrying amounts. We present the carrying values and the fair values of noncurrent financial assets and liabilities that qualify as financial instruments, determined under current guidance for disclosures on the fair value of financial instruments, in the following table:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
($ in millions)
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair Value
Senior, mezzanine, and other loans
$
147

 
$
133

 
$
142

 
$
130

Total noncurrent financial assets
$
147

 
$
133

 
$
142

 
$
130

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes
$
(4,487
)
 
$
(4,404
)
 
$
(5,087
)
 
$
(5,126
)
Commercial paper
(2,998
)
 
(2,998
)
 
(2,371
)
 
(2,371
)
Other long-term debt
(209
)
 
(211
)
 
(217
)
 
(221
)
Other noncurrent liabilities
(174
)
 
(174
)
 
(178
)
 
(178
)
Total noncurrent financial liabilities
$
(7,868
)
 
$
(7,787
)
 
$
(7,853
)
 
$
(7,896
)
See the “Fair Value Measurements” caption of Footnote 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of our 2017 Form 10-K for more information on the input levels we use in determining fair value.

19


10.    OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The following tables detail the accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) activity for the 2018 first quarter and 2017 first quarter:
($ in millions)
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Instrument Adjustments
 
Available-For-Sale Securities Unrealized Adjustments
 
Pension and Postretirement Adjustments
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at year-end 2017
$
(23
)
 
$
(10
)
 
$
4

 
$
12

 
$
(17
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications (1)
152

 
(3
)
 

 

 
149

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
9

 
4

 

 

 
13

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
161

 
1

 

 

 
162

Adoption of ASU 2016-01

 

 
(4
)
 

 
(4
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
$
138

 
$
(9
)
 
$

 
$
12

 
$
141

($ in millions)
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Instrument Adjustments
 
Available-For-Sale Securities Unrealized Adjustments
 
Pension and Postretirement Adjustments
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at year-end 2016
$
(503
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
6

 
$
5

 
$
(497
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications (1)
188

 
(2
)
 
(1
)
 

 
185

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
188

 
(2
)
 
(1
)
 

 
185

Balance at March 31, 2017
$
(315
)
 
$
(7
)
 
$
5

 
$
5

 
$
(312
)
(1) 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications for foreign currency translation adjustments includes losses on intra-entity foreign currency transactions that are of a long-term investment nature of $36 million for the 2018 first quarter and $16 million for the 2017 first quarter.
The following table details the changes in common shares outstanding and shareholders’ equity for the 2018 first quarter:
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
Common
Shares
Outstanding
 
 
Total
 
Class A
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in-
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury 
Stock,
at Cost
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
359.1

 
Balance at year-end 2017 (as previously reported)
$
3,731

 
$
5

 
$
5,770

 
$
7,391

 
$
(9,418
)
 
$
(17
)

 
Adoption of ASU 2014-09
(149
)
 

 

 
(149
)
 

 

359.1

 
Balance at year-end 2017 (as adjusted)
3,582

 
5

 
5,770

 
7,242

 
(9,418
)
 
(17
)

 
Adoption of ASU 2016-01

 

 

 
4

 

 
(4
)

 
Adoption of ASU 2016-16
372

 

 

 
372

 

 


 
Net income
398

 

 

 
398

 

 


 
Other comprehensive income
162

 

 

 

 

 
162


 
Dividends ($0.33 per share)
(118
)
 

 

 
(118
)
 

 

1.3

 
Share-based compensation plans
(48
)
 

 
(85
)
 

 
37

 

(5.6
)
 
Purchase of treasury stock
(782
)
 

 

 

 
(782
)
 

354.8

 
Balance at March 31, 2018
$
3,566

 
$
5

 
$
5,685

 
$
7,898

 
$
(10,163
)
 
$
141


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11.    BUSINESS SEGMENTS
We are a diversified global lodging company with operations in the following reportable business segments:
North American Full-Service, which includes our Luxury and Premium brands located in the U.S. and Canada;
North American Limited-Service, which includes our Select brands located in the U.S. and Canada; and
Asia Pacific, which includes all brand tiers in our Asia Pacific region;
The following operating segments do not meet the applicable accounting criteria for separate disclosure as reportable business segments: Caribbean and Latin America, Europe, and Middle East and Africa. We present these operating segments together as “Other International” in the tables below.
We evaluate the performance of our operating segments using “segment profits” which is based largely on the results of the segment without allocating corporate expenses, income taxes, indirect general, administrative, and other expenses, or merger-related costs and charges. We assign gains and losses, equity in earnings or losses from our joint ventures, and direct general, administrative, and other expenses to each of our segments. “Other unallocated corporate” represents a portion of our revenues, including license fees we receive from our credit card programs and fees from vacation ownership licensing agreements, general, administrative, and other expenses, merger-related costs and charges, equity in earnings or losses, and other gains or losses that we do not allocate to our segments. Beginning in the 2018 first quarter, “Other unallocated corporate” also includes revenues and expenses for our Loyalty Programs, and we reflected this change in the prior period amounts shown in the tables below.
Our President and Chief Executive Officer, who is our chief operating decision maker, monitors assets for the consolidated company but does not use assets by operating segment when assessing performance or making operating segment resource allocations.
Segment Revenues
 
Three Months Ended
($ in millions)
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
North American Full-Service
$
3,299

 
$
3,240

North American Limited-Service
761

 
741

Asia Pacific
275

 
241

Other International
527

 
512

Total segment revenues
4,862

 
4,734

Other unallocated corporate
144

 
178

Total consolidated revenues
$
5,006

 
$
4,912

Segment Profits
 
Three Months Ended
($ in millions)
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
North American Full-Service
$
277

 
$
302

North American Limited-Service
182

 
187

Asia Pacific
112

 
94

Other International
159

 
118

Total segment profits
730

 
701

Other unallocated corporate
(158
)
 
(144
)
Interest expense, net of interest income
(70
)
 
(63
)
Income taxes
(104
)
 
(123
)
Net income
$
398

 
$
371


21


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
We make forward-looking statements in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and elsewhere in this report based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management and on information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements include information about our possible or assumed future results of operations, which follow under the headings “Business and Overview,” “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” and other statements throughout this report preceded by, followed by, or that include the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” or similar expressions.
Any number of risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those we express in our forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties we describe below and other factors we describe from time to time in our periodic filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). We therefore caution you not to rely unduly on any forward-looking statement. The forward-looking statements in this report speak only as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether due to new information, future developments, or otherwise.
In addition, see the “Item 1A. Risk Factors” caption in the “Part II-OTHER INFORMATION” section of this report.
BUSINESS AND OVERVIEW
We are a worldwide operator, franchisor, and licensor of hotel, residential, and timeshare properties in 127 countries and territories under 30 brands at the end of the 2018 first quarter. Under our business model, we typically manage or franchise hotels, rather than own them. We discuss our operations in the following reportable business segments: North American Full-Service, North American Limited-Service, and Asia Pacific. Our Europe, Middle East and Africa, and Caribbean and Latin America operating segments do not individually meet the criteria for separate disclosure as reportable segments.
chart-bc77b39f714958b0af2.jpgchart-a8f43b02b4e755a4a49.jpg
We earn base management fees and in many cases incentive management fees from the properties that we manage, and we earn franchise fees on the properties that others operate under franchise agreements with us. In most markets, base management and franchise fees typically consist of a percentage of property-level revenue, or certain property-level revenue in the case of franchise fees, while incentive management fees typically consist of a percentage of net house profit after a specified owner return. In our Middle East and Africa and Asia Pacific regions, incentive fees typically consist of a percentage of gross operating profit without adjustment for a specified owner return. Net house profit is calculated as gross operating profit (house profit) less non-controllable expenses such as insurance, real estate taxes, and capital spending reserves.

22


Our emphasis on long-term management contracts and franchising tends to provide more stable earnings in periods of economic softness, while adding new hotels to our system generates growth, typically with little or no investment by the Company. This strategy has driven substantial growth while minimizing financial leverage and risk in a cyclical industry. In addition, we believe minimizing our capital investments and adopting a strategy of recycling our investments maximizes and maintains our financial flexibility.
We remain focused on doing the things that we do well; that is, selling rooms, taking care of our guests, and making sure we control costs both at company-operated properties and at the corporate level (“above-property”). Our brands remain strong due to our skilled management teams, dedicated associates, superior guest service with an emphasis on guest and associate satisfaction, significant distribution, our Loyalty Programs (Marriott Rewards and The Ritz-Carlton Rewards, and Starwood Preferred Guest, which we refer to collectively as “Loyalty Programs”), multichannel reservation systems, and desirable property amenities. We strive to effectively leverage our size and broad distribution.
We, along with owners and franchisees, continue to invest in our brands by means of new, refreshed, and reinvented properties, new room and public space designs, and enhanced amenities and technology offerings. We address, through various means, hotels in our system that do not meet our standards. We continue to enhance the appeal of our proprietary, information-rich, and easy-to-use websites, and of our associated mobile smartphone applications, through functionality and service improvements.
Our profitability, as well as that of owners and franchisees, has benefited from our approach to property-level and above-property productivity. Managed properties in our system continue to maintain very tight cost controls. We also control above-property costs, some of which we allocate to hotels, by remaining focused on systems, processing, and support areas.
Acquisition of Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide
On September 23, 2016 (the “Merger Date”), we completed the acquisition of Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, LLC, formerly known as Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. (“Starwood”), through a series of
transactions (the “Starwood Combination”), after which Starwood became an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.
Performance Measures
We believe Revenue per Available Room (“RevPAR”), which we calculate by dividing room sales for comparable properties by room nights available for the period, is a meaningful indicator of our performance because it measures the period-over-period change in room revenues for comparable properties. RevPAR may not be comparable to similarly titled measures, such as revenues. We also believe occupancy and average daily rate (“ADR”), which are components of calculating RevPAR, are meaningful indicators of our performance. Occupancy, which we calculate by dividing occupied rooms by total rooms available, measures the utilization of a property’s available capacity. ADR, which we calculate by dividing property room revenue by total rooms sold, measures average room price and is useful in assessing pricing levels.
For properties located in countries that use currencies other than the U.S. dollar, comparisons to the prior year period are on a constant U.S. dollar basis. We calculate constant dollar statistics by applying exchange rates for the current period to the prior comparable period.
We define our comparable properties as our properties that were open and operating under one of our brands since the beginning of the last full calendar year (since January 1, 2017 for the current period) and have not, in either the current or previous year: (i) undergone significant room or public space renovations or expansions, (ii) been converted between company-operated and franchised, or (iii) sustained substantial property damage or business interruption.
We also believe company-operated house profit margin, which is the ratio of property-level gross operating profit to total property-level revenue, is a meaningful indicator of our performance because this ratio measures our overall ability as the operator to produce property-level profits by generating sales and controlling the operating

23


expenses over which we have the most direct control. House profit includes room, food and beverage, and other revenue and the related expenses including payroll and benefits expenses, as well as repairs and maintenance, utility, general and administrative, and sales and marketing expenses. House profit does not include the impact of management fees, furniture, fixtures and equipment replacement reserves, insurance, taxes, or other fixed expenses.
Business Trends
Our 2018 first quarter results reflected a year-over-year increase in the number of properties in our system, favorable demand for our brands in many markets around the world, and economic growth. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, comparable worldwide systemwide RevPAR increased 3.6 percent to $111.55, ADR increased 1.5 percent on a constant dollar basis to $159.92, and occupancy increased 1.4 percentage points to 69.8 percent, compared to the same period a year ago.
In North America, RevPAR increased in the 2018 first quarter, largely driven by higher transient demand from both corporate and leisure customers reflecting continued hurricane recovery efforts in Florida and Texas, a shift in demand from Caribbean markets impacted by continued hurricane disruption, and economic growth. RevPAR growth was partially constrained by an unfavorable comparison to demand in the prior year period around the inauguration in Washington, D.C. and the timing of the Easter holiday, which reduced group demand. RevPAR growth was also constrained in certain markets by new lodging supply.
Our Europe region experienced higher demand in the 2018 first quarter, led by strong transient business in most countries, partially constrained by slower growth in the U.K. In our Asia Pacific region in the 2018 first quarter, RevPAR grew in most markets, particularly Greater China, Thailand, Singapore, and Fiji, led by strong leisure demand. In our Middle East and Africa region, RevPAR increased on strong growth in Egypt, offset somewhat by geopolitical instability and supply growth in other markets. Growth in our Caribbean and Latin America region was led by higher ADR in the Caribbean, but was partially constrained by weak results in Mexico.
For our company-operated properties, we continue to focus on enhancing property-level house profit margins and making productivity improvements. In the 2018 first quarter compared to the 2017 first quarter at comparable properties, worldwide company-operated house profit margins increased by 70 basis points. International company-operated house profit margins increased by 160 basis points, reflecting improved productivity, solid cost controls and procurement savings, and higher room rates. North American company-operated house profit margins decreased by 10 basis points, primarily reflecting modest RevPAR growth, higher wages and comparison to performance in the prior year period around the inauguration.
System Growth and Pipeline
During the 2018 first quarter, we added 100 properties (14,905 rooms) while 29 properties (6,351 rooms) exited our system, increasing our total properties to 6,591 (1,266,128 rooms). Approximately 39 percent of added rooms are located outside North America, and 11 percent of the room additions are conversions from competitor brands.
Since the end of the 2017 first quarter, we added 470 properties (74,311 rooms), while 76 properties (14,927 rooms) exited our system.
At the end of the 2018 first quarter, we had nearly 465,000 rooms in our development pipeline, which includes hotel rooms under construction, hotel rooms under signed contracts, and approximately 34,000 hotel rooms approved for development but not yet under signed contracts. More than half of the rooms in our development pipeline are outside North America.

24


Properties and Rooms
At March 31, 2018, we operated, franchised, and licensed the following properties and rooms:
 
Managed
 
Franchised/Licensed
 
Owned/Leased
 
Other (1)
 
Total
 
Properties
 
Rooms
 
Properties
 
Rooms
 
Properties
 
Rooms
 
Properties
 
Rooms
 
Properties
 
Rooms
North American
Full-Service
417

 
185,406

 
681

 
197,675

 
10

 
5,235

 

 

 
1,108

 
388,316

North American
Limited-Service
403

 
63,643

 
3,261

 
374,742

 
20

 
3,006

 
37

 
6,271

 
3,721

 
447,662

Asia
Pacific
553

 
165,135

 
92

 
25,782

 
4

 
953

 

 

 
649

 
191,870

Other
International
523

 
121,733

 
374

 
74,435

 
31

 
8,154

 
96

 
11,772

 
1,024

 
216,094

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Timeshare

 

 
89

 
22,186

 

 

 

 

 
89

 
22,186

Total
1,896

 
535,917

 
4,497

 
694,820

 
65

 
17,348

 
133

 
18,043

 
6,591

 
1,266,128

(1) 
Other represents unconsolidated equity method investments, which we present in the “Equity in earnings” caption of our Income Statements.

25


Segment and Brand Statistics
The following tables present RevPAR, occupancy, and ADR statistics for comparable properties. Systemwide statistics include data from our franchised properties, in addition to our company-operated properties.
Comparable Company-Operated North American Properties
 
RevPAR
 
Occupancy
 
Average Daily Rate
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
JW Marriott
$
191.86

 
0.3
 %
 
77.7
%
 
0.8
 %
pts.
 
$
246.91

 
(0.7
)%
The Ritz-Carlton
$
304.39

 
4.8
 %
 
75.7
%
 
1.3
 %
pts.
 
$
402.34

 
3.0
 %
W Hotels
$
236.66

 
5.3
 %
 
80.1
%
 
1.0
 %
pts.
 
$
295.61

 
3.9
 %
Composite North American Luxury (1)
$
276.65

 
4.5
 %
 
78.3
%
 
1.0
 %
pts.
 
$
353.27

 
3.2
 %
Marriott Hotels
$
146.99

 
0.8
 %
 
73.6
%
 
0.3
 %
pts.
 
$
199.85

 
0.5
 %
Sheraton
$
128.97

 
0.3
 %
 
72.6
%
 
(1.7
)%
pts.
 
$
177.59

 
2.7
 %
Westin
$
147.42

 
0.8
 %
 
71.4
%
 
(0.1
)%
pts.
 
$
206.52

 
1.0
 %
Composite North American Upper Upscale (2)
$
141.21

 
0.6
 %
 
72.7
%
 
(0.2
)%
pts.
 
$
194.29

 
0.9
 %
North American Full-Service (3)
$
164.01

 
1.7
 %
 
73.6
%
 
 %
pts.
 
$
222.76

 
1.7
 %
Courtyard
$
97.29

 
(0.1
)%
 
69.1
%
 
 %
pts.
 
$
140.90

 
 %
Residence Inn
$
121.02

 
(0.4
)%
 
76.4
%
 
(0.4
)%
pts.
 
$
158.45

 
0.1
 %
Composite North American Limited-Service (4)
$
103.68

 
0.5
 %
 
71.5
%
 
0.2
 %
pts.
 
$
144.91

 
0.2
 %
North American - All (5)
$
145.00

 
1.4
 %
 
73.0
%
 
0.1
 %
pts.
 
$
198.70

 
1.3
 %
Comparable Systemwide North American Properties
 
RevPAR
 
Occupancy
 
Average Daily Rate
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Change vs. Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
JW Marriott
$
190.01

 
0.6
%
 
77.4
%
 
 %
pts.
 
$
245.60

 
0.6
 %
The Ritz-Carlton
$
304.39

 
4.8
%
 
75.7
%
 
1.3
 %
pts.
 
$
402.34

 
3.0
 %
W Hotels
$
236.66

 
5.3
%
 
80.1
%
 
1.0
 %
pts.
 
$
295.61

 
3.9
 %
Composite North American Luxury (1)
$
257.96

 
4.3
%
 
77.7
%
 
1.0
 %
pts.
 
$
331.95

 
3.0
 %
Marriott Hotels
$
125.14

 
0.6
%
 
69.6
%
 
(0.2
)%
pts.
 
$
179.69

 
0.9
 %
Sheraton
$
102.37

 
1.5
%
 
67.8
%
 
(0.3
)%
pts.
 
$
150.91

 
1.9
 %
Westin
$
146.22

 
0.6
%
 
72.0
%
 
(0.5
)%
pts.
 
$
203.06

 
1.4
 %
Composite North American Upper Upscale (2)
$
125.37

 
1.0
%
 
70.0
%
 
(0.3
)%
pts.
 
$
179.11

 
1.4
 %
North American Full-Service (3)
$
138.35

 
1.6
%
 
70.8
%
 
(0.1
)%
pts.
 
$
195.55

 
1.8
 %
Courtyard
$
94.12

 
0.9
%
 
68.9
%
 
0.7
 %
pts.
 
$
136.68

 
(0.1
)%
Residence Inn
$
109.92