0001558370-23-009098.txt : 20230510 0001558370-23-009098.hdr.sgml : 20230510 20230510160653 ACCESSION NUMBER: 0001558370-23-009098 CONFORMED SUBMISSION TYPE: 10-Q PUBLIC DOCUMENT COUNT: 105 CONFORMED PERIOD OF REPORT: 20230331 FILED AS OF DATE: 20230510 DATE AS OF CHANGE: 20230510 FILER: COMPANY DATA: COMPANY CONFORMED NAME: RITCHIE BROS AUCTIONEERS INC CENTRAL INDEX KEY: 0001046102 STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION: SERVICES-BUSINESS SERVICES, NEC [7389] IRS NUMBER: 000000000 STATE OF INCORPORATION: A6 FISCAL YEAR END: 1231 FILING VALUES: FORM TYPE: 10-Q SEC ACT: 1934 Act SEC FILE NUMBER: 001-13425 FILM NUMBER: 23906334 BUSINESS ADDRESS: STREET 1: TWO WESTBROOK CORPORATE CENTER STREET 2: SUITE 500 CITY: WESTCHESTER STATE: IL ZIP: 60154 BUSINESS PHONE: 708-492-7000 MAIL ADDRESS: STREET 1: TWO WESTBROOK CORPORATE CENTER STREET 2: SUITE 500 CITY: WESTCHESTER STATE: IL ZIP: 60154 10-Q 1 rba-20230331x10q.htm 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ______ to ______

Commission file number: 001-13425

Graphic

Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Canada

 

98-0626225

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

Two Westbrook Corporate Center, Suite 500,

 

 

Westchester, Illinois, USA

 

60154

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(708) 492-7000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common shares

RBA

New York Stock Exchange

Common Share Purchase Rights

N/A

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):

Yes No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date: 181,790,031 common shares, without par value, outstanding as of May 9, 2023.

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1:           CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Condensed Consolidated Income Statements

(Expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

Three months ended

March 31, 

    

2023

    

2022

Revenue:

  

  

Service revenue

$

343.6

$

244.9

Inventory sales revenue

 

168.8

 

149.0

Total revenue

 

512.4

 

393.9

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Costs of services

 

76.4

 

39.0

Cost of inventory sold

 

151.5

 

131.6

Selling, general and administrative

 

148.2

 

126.6

Acquisition-related and integration costs

 

126.2

 

9.6

Depreciation and amortization

 

36.2

 

24.2

Total operating expenses

 

538.5

 

331.0

Gain on disposition of property, plant and equipment

 

1.2

 

169.8

Operating (loss) income

 

(24.9)

 

232.7

Interest expense

 

(20.9)

 

(20.7)

Interest income

6.3

0.5

Change in fair value of derivatives, net

 

 

1.3

Other income, net

 

2.4

 

0.3

Foreign exchange (loss) gain

(0.4)

0.2

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

(37.5)

 

214.3

Income tax (benefit) expense

(9.3)

36.2

Net (loss) income

$

(28.2)

$

178.1

Net (loss) income attributable to:

 

  

 

  

Controlling interests

$

(28.1)

$

178.1

Non-controlling interests

 

 

Redeemable non-controlling interests

 

(0.1)

 

Net (loss) income

$

(28.2)

$

178.1

Net (loss) income attributable to controlling interests

(28.1)

178.1

Cumulative dividends on Series A Senior Preferred Shares

 

(4.3)

 

Allocated earnings to Series A Senior Preferred Shares

(1.8)

Net (loss) income available to common stockholders

$

(34.2)

$

178.1

(Loss) earnings per share available to common stockholders:

 

  

 

  

Basic

$

(0.28)

$

1.61

Diluted

$

(0.28)

$

1.60

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

120,487,251

 

110,647,700

Diluted

 

120,487,251

 

111,655,861

Ritchie Bros.

1

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Expressed in millions of U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

Three months ended

    

March 31, 

2023

    

2022

Net (loss) income

$

(28.2)

$

178.1

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax:

 

 

  

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

15.1

 

(1.2)

Total comprehensive (loss) income

$

(13.1)

$

176.9

Total comprehensive (loss) income attributable to:

 

  

 

  

Controlling interests

$

(13.0)

$

176.9

Non-controlling interests

 

 

Redeemable non-controlling interests

(0.1)

$

(13.1)

$

176.9

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Ritchie Bros.

2

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except share data)

(Unaudited)

March 31, 

December 31,

    

2023

    

2022

Assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$

568.3

$

494.3

Restricted cash

 

138.7

 

131.6

Trade and other receivables

 

793.1

 

186.5

Less: allowance for credit losses

(4.1)

(3.3)

Prepaid consigned vehicle charges

23.0

Inventory

 

207.3

 

103.1

Other current assets

 

82.9

 

48.3

Income taxes receivable

 

20.5

 

2.6

Total current assets

 

1,829.7

 

963.1

Property, plant and equipment

 

1,144.9

 

459.1

Operating lease right-of-use assets

1,369.8

123.0

Other non-current assets

 

74.7

 

40.4

Intangible assets

 

2,670.6

 

322.7

Goodwill

 

4,769.1

 

948.8

Deferred tax assets

 

9.2

 

6.6

Total assets

$

11,868.0

$

2,863.7

Liabilities, Temporary Equity and Equity

 

  

 

  

Auction proceeds payable

$

629.7

$

449.0

Trade and other liabilities

 

558.4

 

258.7

Current operating lease liabilities

90.1

12.7

Income taxes payable

 

7.0

 

41.3

Short-term debt

 

23.6

 

29.1

Current portion of long-term debt

 

95.7

 

4.4

Total current liabilities

 

1,404.5

 

795.2

Long-term operating lease liabilities

1,266.4

111.9

Long-term debt

 

3,124.7

 

577.1

Other non-current liabilities

 

59.3

 

35.4

Deferred tax liabilities

 

658.5

 

54.0

Total liabilities

 

6,513.4

 

1,573.6

Temporary equity:

Series A Senior Preferred Shares; no par value, shares authorized, issued and outstanding at March 31, 2023: 485,000,000 (December 31, 2022: nil)

482.0

Redeemable non-controlling interest

8.8

Stockholders' equity:

 

  

 

  

Share capital:

 

  

 

  

Common stock; no par value, unlimited shares authorized, issued and outstanding shares: 181,788,431 (December 31, 2022: 110,881,363)

 

3,984.5

 

246.3

Additional paid-in capital

 

88.8

 

85.3

Retained earnings

 

858.2

 

1,043.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(70.0)

 

(85.1)

Stockholders' equity

 

4,861.5

 

1,289.6

Non-controlling interests

 

2.3

 

0.5

Total stockholders' equity

 

4,863.8

 

1,290.1

Total liabilities, temporary equity and equity

$

11,868.0

$

2,863.7

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Ritchie Bros.

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Temporary Equity and Equity

(Expressed in millions of U.S. dollars, except where noted)

(Unaudited)

Attributable to common stockholders

Redeemable

Additional

Accumulated

Non-

Senior A Senior Preferred Shares

non-

Common stock

paid-In

other

controlling

Number of

controlling

Number of

capital

Retained

comprehensive

interest

Total

Three months ended March 31, 2023

   

shares

   

Amount

   

interest

   

shares

   

Amount

   

("APIC")

   

earnings

   

loss

   

("NCI")

   

equity

Balance, December 31, 2022

$

$

110,881,363

$

246.3

$

85.3

$

1,043.2

$

(85.1)

$

0.5

$

1,290.1

Net loss

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

 

 

(28.1)

 

 

 

(28.1)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.1

 

 

15.1

 

 

 

(0.1)

 

 

 

(28.1)

 

15.1

 

 

(13.0)

Stock option exercises

 

 

 

19,277

 

0.8

 

(0.1)

 

 

 

 

0.7

Issuance of common stock related to vesting of share units

 

 

 

296,905

 

8.9

 

(21.3)

 

 

 

 

(12.4)

Issuance of common stock related to business combination

70,339,723

3,713.2

3,713.2

Share-based continuing employment costs related to business combinations

 

 

 

 

0.3

 

0.5

 

 

 

 

0.8

Replacement of share-based awards in business combination

 

 

 

 

 

13.1

 

 

 

 

13.1

Stock option compensation expense

2.6

2.6

Equity-classified share units expense

8.3

 

 

 

8.3

Equity-classified share units dividend equivalents

0.4

(0.4)

 

 

 

NCI acquired in business combination

8.9

1.8

1.8

Issuance of Series A Senior Preferred Shares and common stock, net of issuance costs

 

485,000,000

 

482.0

 

251,163

 

15.0

 

 

 

 

 

15.0

Participating dividends on Series A Senior Preferred Shares

(1.8)

 

(1.8)

Cumulative 5.5% dividends on Series A Senior Preferred Shares

(4.3)

 

(4.3)

Dividends paid to common stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

(150.4)

 

 

 

(150.4)

Balance, March 31, 2023

485,000,000

$

482.0

$

8.8

181,788,431

$

3,984.5

$

88.8

$

858.2

$

(70.0)

$

2.3

$

4,863.8

Balance, December 31, 2021

$

$

110,618,049

$

227.5

$

59.5

$

839.6

$

(56.0)

$

0.4

$

1,071.1

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

178.1

 

 

0.0

 

178.1

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1.2)

 

 

(1.2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

178.1

 

(1.2)

 

0.0

 

176.9

Stock option exercises

 

 

 

 

24,248

 

1.2

 

(0.2)

 

 

1.0

Issuance of common stock related to vesting of share units

 

 

 

 

92,946

 

2.4

 

(5.9)

 

 

(3.5)

Issuance (forfeiture) of common stock related to business combinations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based continuing employment costs related to business combinations

 

 

2.1

 

 

2.1

Stock option compensation expense

2.6

 

 

2.6

Equity-classified share units expense

 

 

 

 

2.9

 

 

2.9

Equity-classified share units dividend equivalents

 

 

 

 

0.1

(0.1)

 

 

 

Dividends paid to common stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(27.7)

 

(27.7)

Balance, March 31, 2022

 

$

$

110,735,243

$

231.1

$

61.1

$

989.9

$

(57.2)

$

0.4

$

1,225.4

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Ritchie Bros.

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Expressed in millions of U.S. dollars)

(Unaudited)

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2023

    

2022

Cash provided by (used in):

 

  

 

  

Operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net (loss) income

$

(28.2)

$

178.1

Adjustments for items not affecting cash:

  

  

  

  

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

36.2

 

24.2

Share-based payments expense

 

12.2

 

7.6

Deferred income tax (benefit) expense

 

(2.9)

 

12.4

Unrealized foreign exchange loss (gain)

 

4.8

 

(0.2)

Gain on disposition of property, plant and equipment

 

(1.2)

 

(169.8)

Loss on redemption of 2016 Notes

3.3

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

0.9

 

0.8

Amortization of right-of-use assets

5.0

3.5

Change in fair value of derivatives

(1.3)

Gain on remeasurement of investment upon acquisition

(1.4)

Other, net

 

0.8

 

1.1

Net changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

(86.8)

 

128.7

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

(57.3)

 

185.1

Investing activities:

 

 

  

Acquisition of IAA, net of cash acquired

 

(2,759.1)

 

Acquisition of VeriTread, net of cash acquired

(24.7)

Acquisition of SmartEquip, net of cash acquired

(0.1)

Property, plant and equipment additions

 

(23.5)

 

(2.0)

Proceeds on disposition of property, plant and equipment

 

1.4

 

164.7

Intangible asset additions

 

(16.9)

 

(7.8)

Issuance of loans receivable

(0.9)

(1.1)

Repayment of loans receivable

0.7

1.2

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(2,823.0)

 

154.9

Financing activities:

 

 

  

Issuance of Series A Senior Preferred Shares and common stock, net of issuance costs

496.9

Dividends paid to common stockholders

 

(150.4)

 

(27.7)

Dividends paid to Series A Senior Preferred shareholders

(4.9)

Proceeds from exercise of options and share option plans

 

0.7

 

1.0

Payment of withholding taxes on issuance of shares

 

(10.0)

 

(1.5)

Net (decrease) increase in short-term debt

(5.4)

15.4

Proceeds from long-term debt

 

3,175.0

 

Repayment of long-term debt

(501.1)

(162.7)

Payment of debt issue costs

 

(38.7)

 

(2.3)

Repayment of finance lease obligations

 

(3.6)

 

(2.5)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

2,958.5

 

(180.3)

Effect of changes in foreign currency rates on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

2.9

 

7.8

Increase

 

81.1

 

167.6

Beginning of period

 

625.9

 

1,362.5

Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period

$

707.0

$

1,530.1

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Ritchie Bros.

5

1.    General Information

Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Company”, “Ritchie Bros.”, “we”, “us”, or “our”) provide a marketplace for insights, services and transaction solutions for commercial assets and vehicles. The Company offers its customers end-to-end transaction solutions for used commercial and other durable assets through its omnichannel platform, which includes auctions, online marketplaces, listing services, and private brokerage services. The Company also offers a wide array of value-added services connected to commercial assets and vehicles as well as asset management software and data as a service solutions to help customers make more accurate and reliable business decisions.

On March 20, 2023, the Company acquired all the issued and outstanding shares of IAA, Inc. (“IAA”), which has been consolidated from the date of acquisition. IAA is a leading global digital marketplace connecting vehicle buyers and sellers and facilitates the marketing and sale of total loss, damaged and low-value vehicles for a full spectrum of sellers. IAA has more than 200 facilities throughout the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

On January 3, 2023, the Company also acquired a 75% interest in VeriTread LLC (“VeriTread”), which has been consolidated from the date the Company obtained control on January 18, 2023. VeriTread is a transportation technology company in the United States that provides an online marketplace solution for open deck transport, connecting shippers and service providers.

Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated is a company incorporated in Canada under the Canada Business Corporations Act, whose shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) and the Toronto Stock Exchange (“TSX”). The Company moved its headquarters to Westchester, Illinois, United States from Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada after the close of the IAA acquisition.

2.    Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Basis of Preparation

These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”). They include the accounts of Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated and its subsidiaries from their respective dates of formation, acquisition or control. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

Certain information and footnote disclosure required by US GAAP for complete annual financial statements have been omitted and, therefore, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2022, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements follow the same accounting policies and methods of application as our most recent annual audited consolidated financial statements except as described in Note 2(b) “New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies”. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, which are necessary to present fairly, in all material respects, the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows and changes in temporary equity and equity for the interim periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Unless otherwise indicated, all amounts in the following tables are in millions except share and per share amounts.

Ritchie Bros.

6

2.    Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

(a) Basis of Preparation (continued)

Reclassifications

The following reclassifications have been made in the presentation of prior period financial statements to conform to the presentation of the current period financial statements:

(i)reclassification in 2022 of $23.3 million from trade and other liabilities to auction proceeds payable relating to amounts payable to consignors from our auctions and marketplaces, which are held for various reasons beyond the typical payment terms of 21 days;

(ii)reclassification in 2022 of $122.9 million from other non-current assets to operating lease right-of-use assets, $12.7 million from trade and other liabilities to current operating lease liabilities, and $111.9 million from other non-current liabilities to long-term operating lease liabilities; and

(iii)reclassification of $0.2 million foreign exchange gain for the three-month period ended March 31, 2022, from operating income to below operating income.

(b) New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies

The Company does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements or disclosures.

These unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited annual financial statements, including the following accounting policies which have been disclosed to reflect the significant accounting policies of the combined Company following its business combinations (Note 5) and changes in the nature of the business and its operations:

Prepaid Consigned Vehicle Charges

Prepaid consigned vehicle charges include the inbound tow, titling costs and enhancement charges associated with a consigned vehicle. These prepaid charges are recorded in cost of services at the date the vehicle is sold and revenue is recognized.

Redeemable Non-controlling Interest

Redeemable non-controlling interest is classified as temporary equity on the consolidated balance sheet, as the holder may demand cash and put the non-controlling interest to the Company. Redeemable non-controlling interest is initially carried at its acquisition date fair value. If it becomes probable that the redeemable non-controlling interest will be redeemed, the Company then will recognize any change in its estimated redemption value immediately to retained earnings and adjust the carrying amount to equal the estimated redemption value at the end of each reporting period.

Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock

Redeemable convertible preferred stock is classified as temporary equity on the consolidated balance sheet because it could become redeemable due to a change in control which would be outside of the Company’s control and requires a cash payment upon redemption. The redeemable convertible preferred stock is initially carried at fair value, and if redemption becomes probable, the Company will recognize any change in its estimated redemption value immediately to retained earnings and adjust the carrying amount to equal the estimated redemption value at the end of each reporting period. Direct and incremental costs incurred in connection with the issuance of redeemable convertible stock are recorded against the proceeds received and included in its initial carrying amount.

On February 1, 2023, the Company sold an aggregate of 485.0 million of redeemable convertible preferred stock, convertible into common stock, designated as Series A Senior Preferred Shares (“Series A Senior Preferred Shares”).

Ritchie Bros.

7

2.    Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

(b) New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies (continued)

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is calculated based on the two-class method, given that the Company’s Series A Senior Preferred Shares are considered a participating security as it contractually entitles its holders to participate in the Company’s earnings. The two-class method is an earnings allocation method for computing earnings or losses per share when a Company’s capital structure includes common stock and participating securities. The two-class method determines earnings per share between holders of common stock and the Company’s participating preferred stock based on dividends declared and their respective participation rights in undistributed earnings.

 

Net income available to common stockholders is computed as: net income attributable to controlling interests less cumulative dividends on Series A Senior Preferred Shares and allocated earnings to participating securities. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average common stock outstanding. Diluted EPS is calculated similarly, except that it is computed based upon the lower of the two-class method or the if-converted method, which includes the effects of the assumed conversion of the Series A Senior Preferred Shares, and the effect of shares issuable under the Company’s stock-based incentive plans if such effect is dilutive.

Revenue

Revenues are comprised of:

Service revenue, including the following:
i.Revenue from commissions earned when the Company sells consigned assets at live and online bidding auctions or online marketplaces, and from private brokerage services where the Company acts as an agent for consignors of assets; and
ii.Revenue from buyer fees earned on the purchase of consigned assets or inventory at live and online bidding auctions or online marketplaces, and from private brokerage services, which are typically based on a tiered structure that increases with the sales price of the assets; and
iii.Revenue from marketplace services fees earned from auction related activities, such as document, listing and title search services, and from additional marketplaces services provided to customers, such as buyer towing, refurbishment, logistical and electronic title and liens processing, financing, appraisals, subscriptions for data, parts and software services, and other ancillary and transactional service fees.

Inventory sales revenue which consists of revenue relating to assets that are purchased by the Company and then resold through either our live and online bidding auctions, online marketplaces, or our private brokerage services.

The Company recognizes revenue when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, or upon completion of the performance obligation, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service, or a series of distinct goods or services, to the customer. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. The transaction price is reduced by estimates of variable consideration such as volume rebates and discounts. All estimates, which are evaluated at each reporting period, are based on the Company’s historical experience, anticipated volumes, and best judgment. For auctions, revenue is recognized when the auction sale is complete, and the performance obligation is satisfied at the end of the auction process. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable and is shown net of value-added tax and duties.

Ritchie Bros.

8

2.    Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

(b) New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies (continued)

Revenue (continued)

The Company offers consignors several contract options:

Straight commission contracts, where the consignor receives the gross proceeds from the sale less a pre-negotiated commission rate;
Fixed fee commission contracts, where the consignor receives the gross proceeds from the sale less a fixed flat fee;
Guarantee contracts, where the consignor receives a guaranteed minimum amount plus an additional amount if proceeds exceed a specified level; and
Inventory contracts, where we purchase, take custody, and hold used equipment and other assets before they are resold in the ordinary course of business.

Service Revenue

The Company’s commissions are earned as a pre-negotiated fixed percentage rate of the gross selling price or as a fixed fee. Commissions are calculated as a percentage of the winning bid price of the property sold at auction or are fixed in value. Fixed fees are earned in auction contracts for sellers relating to the sale of vehicles and includes the remarketing of vehicles, including the inbound tow, processing, storage, titling, enhancing and sale at auction. Related costs are deferred and recognized at the time of sale. Other commissions from sales at the Company’s auctions are earned from underwritten commission contracts when the Company typically guarantees a certain level of proceeds to a consignor.

The Company accepts assets on consignment and stimulates buyer interest through professional marketing techniques by matching sellers (also known as consignors) to buyers through the auction or private sale process. Prior to offering an item for sale on its online marketplaces, the Company also performs inspections.

Buyer fees are calculated based on a tiered structure that increases with the sales price of the item sold.

Marketplace services fees earned in the process of conducting the Company’s auctions include administrative, documentation, and advertising fees as well as fees charged to sellers for listing and inspecting equipment. The Company also offers other services to customers such as transportation and logistics, storage, vehicle condition reporting, parts, data, inspections, appraisals, financing, and other ancillary services such as refurbishment, repairs, paint, make ready, towing, listings, and title and liens processing. Marketplace services fees also includes fixed registration fees from buyers of vehicles to access the auctions for a one- or two-year term in addition to the buyer fees paid upon the purchase of a vehicle.

With the final acceptance of the winning bid, the highest bidder becomes legally obligated to pay the full purchase price, which is the winning bid of the property purchased and the seller is legally obligated to relinquish the property in exchange for the winning bid less any seller’s commissions. Commission and fee revenue are recognized on the date of the auction sale upon the final acceptance of the winning bid. Registration fees to access certain vehicle auctions for a one- or two-year term are recognized ratably over the contract term.

Under the standard terms and conditions of its auction sales, except for contracts for the sale of vehicles, the Company is not obligated to pay a consignor for property that has not been paid for by the buyer, provided the property has not been released to the buyer. Under the standard terms and conditions of its vehicle auction sales, the Company in certain arrangements may have to pay a consignor for property that has not been paid for by the buyer. If the buyer defaults on its payment obligation, also referred to as a collapsed sale, the sale is cancelled in the period in which the determination is made, and the property is returned to the consignor or placed in a later event-based or online auction. The Company recognizes a provision for expected collapsed or cancelled sales, which is the Company’s best estimate of the service revenues relating to transactions which may not complete and where the buyer may default on its obligation. The Company determines the provision based on historical collapse experience, customer data and reasonable and supportable forecasts of the outcome of such transactions.

Ritchie Bros.

9

2.    Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

(b) New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies (continued)

Service Revenue (continued)

Commission revenue is recorded net of commissions owed to third parties, which are principally the result of situations when the commission is shared with a consignor in an auction guarantee risk and reward sharing arrangement.

Underwritten commission contracts can take the form of guarantee contracts. Guarantee contracts typically include a pre-negotiated percentage of the guaranteed gross proceeds plus a percentage of proceeds in excess of the guaranteed amount. If actual auction proceeds are less than the guaranteed amount, commission is reduced; if proceeds are sufficiently lower, the Company can incur a loss on the sale. Losses, if any, resulting from guarantee contracts are recorded in the period in which the relevant auction is completed. If a loss relating to a guarantee contract held at the period end to be sold after the period end is known or is probable and estimable at the financial statement reporting date, the loss is accrued in the financial statements for that period. The Company’s exposure from these guarantee contracts fluctuates over time.

Marketplace services fees are recognized in the period in which the service is provided or the product is delivered to the customer.

Inventory Sales Revenue

Underwritten commission contracts can take the form of inventory contracts. Revenue related to inventory contracts is recognized in the period in which the sale is completed, title to the property passes to the buyer and the Company has fulfilled any other obligations that may be relevant to the transaction. In its role as auctioneer, the Company auctions its inventory to buyers through the auction process. Following the sale of the item, the Company invoices the buyer for the purchase price of the asset, taxes, and, if applicable, the buyer transaction fee, and collects payment from the buyer.

With the final acceptance of the winning bid, the highest bidder becomes legally obligated to pay the full purchase price, which is the winning bid of the property purchased. Title to the property is transferred in exchange for the winning bid price, and if applicable, the buyer transaction fee plus applicable taxes. In a private treaty transaction where inventory is sold in a private process or inventory contracts are sold on our online marketplaces, commission and fee revenue is recognized on the date the buyer has obtained control of the asset.

Ritchie Bros.

10

2.    Significant Accounting Policies (continued)

(b) New Accounting Standards and Accounting Policies (continued)

Costs of Services

Costs of services incurred in earning revenue are comprised of expenses incurred in direct relation to conducting auctions (“direct expenses”), earning online marketplace revenue, and earning marketplace services fee revenue. Direct expenses include direct labor, buildings and facilities charges, subcontract services such as towing, service contract claims, and travel, advertising and promotion costs and fees paid to unrelated third parties who introduce the Company to equipment sellers who sell property at the Company's auctions and marketplaces. Direct expenses at auction yards which conduct regular weekly events include cost of full-time employees, part time labour, lease expense and maintenance. Costs of services to operate our online marketplace revenue excludes hosting costs where we leverage a shared infrastructure that supports both our internal technology requirements and external sales to our customers.

Costs of services incurred to earn online marketplace revenue in addition to the costs listed above also include inspection costs. Costs of earning online marketplace revenue also include costs for the Company’s customer support, online marketplace operations, logistics, and title and lien investigation functions.

Costs of services incurred in earning marketplace services revenue include ancillary and logistical service expenses, direct labor (including commissions on sales), cloud infrastructure and hosting costs, software maintenance fees, and materials. Costs of services exclude depreciation and amortization expenses.

Cost of Inventory Sold

Cost of inventory sold includes the purchase price of assets sold for the Company’s own account and is determined using a specific identification basis. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or estimated realizable value. Cost includes the Company’s cost of acquiring ownership of the vehicle.

Trade and Other Receivables

Trade receivables principally include amounts due from customers as a result of live onsite and online auctions and online marketplace transactions and services. The recorded amount reflects the purchase price of the item sold, including the Company’s commission. The amounts due with respect to any consigned sales are generally deducted from the sales proceeds upon the eventual auction or other disposition of the asset. For vehicle sales, advance charges paid on a seller’s behalf are also included in trade receivables.

The allowance for credit losses is the Company’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in existing accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based on historical write-off experience, customer economic data and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future economic conditions. The Company regularly reviews the allowance for credit losses and past due balances for collectability. Account balances are charged against the allowance when the Company believes that the receivable will not be recovered.

Self-insurance Reserves

The Company self-insures a portion of employee medical benefits, as well as a portion of its automobile, general liability and workers’ compensation claims. The Company has insurance coverage that limits the exposure on individual claims. The cost of the insurance is expensed over the contract periods. Utilizing historical claims experience, the Company records an accrual for the claims related to its employee medical benefits, automobile, general liability and workers’ compensation claims based upon the expected amount of all such claims, which includes the cost of claims that have been incurred but not reported.

Ritchie Bros.

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3.    Significant Judgments, Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

Future differences arising between actual results and the judgments, estimates and assumptions made by the Company at the reporting date, or future changes to estimates and assumptions, could necessitate adjustments to the underlying reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses in future reporting periods.

Judgments, estimates and underlying assumptions are evaluated on an ongoing basis by management and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. However, existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments may change due to market changes or circumstances and such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

Significant items subject to estimates and judgments during the three months ended March 31, 2023 related to the preliminary purchase price allocations for the acquisitions of IAA and VeriTread and the valuation of the redeemable non-controlling interest recognized in connection with the acquisition of VeriTread.

Given the date of the acquisition in relation to the reporting date, the fair value estimates of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is pending the completion of various items, including obtaining further information regarding the identification and valuation of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed.

Accounting for business combinations requires estimates with respect to the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Such estimates of fair value require valuation methods which rely on significant estimates and assumptions. In connection with the acquisitions of IAA and VeriTread, the valuation of intangible assets required significant estimates and assumptions and included estimates regarding future cash flows, growth rates, attrition rates, royalty rates, obsolescence rates, discount rates, terminal value and forecasted period assumptions, as applicable. The Company based these estimates on historical and anticipated results, industry trends, economic analysis, and various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable, including assumptions as to the occurrence of future events. In addition, in connection with the acquisition of IAA, the valuation of property, plant, and equipment required significant estimates and assumptions, including estimates regarding market value. Preliminary estimates were based on valuation market, income and cost approaches, as applicable.

In connection with the acquisition of VeriTread, management applied judgement and assessed that it is probable that the redeemable non-controlling interest will be redeemed at a future date. At the end of each reporting period, if redemption of the redeemable non-controlling interest continues to be probable, then the carrying value of the redeemable non-controlling interest is adjusted to its estimated redemption value as one of the allowable methods under the applicable accounting standards. The valuation of the redemption value at acquisition, and at each reporting period, requires management to assess whether VeriTread and the Company will be able to successfully achieve certain integration milestones and performance targets over a three-year period. The valuation of the estimated redemption value also includes estimates such as future cash flows, growth rates and discount rates, among others.

4.    Seasonality

The Company’s operations are both seasonal and event driven and can fluctuate from quarter to quarter. The volume of assets sold through our auctions and marketplaces is driven by the supply of assets available for sale as well as changes in severe weather conditions. During the third quarter, supply of assets is generally low as commercial and transportation equipment is actively being used and mild weather conditions and decreases in traffic volume can contribute to a decline in available supply of vehicles.  

Ritchie Bros.

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5.   Business Combinations

(a)IAA Acquisition

On March 20, 2023, the Company completed its acquisition of IAA for a total purchase price of $6.6 billion. The Company acquired IAA to create a leading omnichannel marketplace for vehicle buyers and sellers.

On November 7, 2022, the Company had entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization, which was subsequently amended on January 22, 2023 (the “Merger Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, IAA stockholders received $12.80 per share in cash and 0.5252 shares of the Company for each share of IAA common stock they owned (the “Exchange Ratio”). As such, the Company paid $1.7 billion in cash consideration and issued 70.3 million shares of its common stock. In addition, the Company repaid $1.2 billion of IAA’s net debt, which included all outstanding borrowings and unpaid fees under IAA’s credit agreement and $500.0 million principal amount of IAA senior notes, at a redemption price equal to 102.75% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest.

IAA’s outstanding equity awards were also cancelled and exchanged into equivalent outstanding equity awards relating to the Company’s common stock, based on the equity award exchange ratio of 0.763139.

The purchase price was determined as follows:

Cash consideration

$

1,714.2

Fair value of common shares issued

3,713.0

Fair value of exchanged IAA equity awards attributable to pre-combination service

13.1

Reimbursement of sell-side acquisition costs

48.8

Repayment of IAA net debt

1,157.1

Total fair value of consideration transferred

$

6,646.2

The acquisition was accounted for in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations. The identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at their estimated preliminary acquisition date fair values. The excess purchase price over the fair values of identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. The following table summarizes the preliminary allocation of the purchase price to the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed.

Ritchie Bros.

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5.   Business Combinations (continued)

(a)IAA Acquisition (continued)

IAA Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation

 

Purchase price

$

6,646.2

Assets acquired:

 

Cash and cash equivalents

161.0

Trade and other receivables

 

498.7

Prepaid consigned vehicle charges

8.7

Inventory

57.6

Other current assets

31.1

Property, plant and equipment

 

655.7

Operating lease right-of-use assets

1,252.5

Other non-current assets

 

34.8

Intangible assets

 

2,340.0

 

Liabilities assumed:

 

Auction proceeds payable

60.7

Trade and other liabilities

 

250.4

Current operating lease liability

78.0

Long-term operating lease liability

1,166.0

Other non-current liabilities

23.4

Deferred tax liabilities

 

604.2

Fair value of identifiable net assets acquired

 

2,857.4

Goodwill acquired on acquisition

$

3,788.8

The following table summarizes the preliminary fair values of the identifiable intangible assets acquired:

Preliminary fair value

Weighted average

Asset

at acquisition

amortization period

Customer relationships

$

2,030.0

9 years

Developed technology

150.0

6 years

Trade names and trademarks

160.0

6 years

Total

$

2,340.0

8.6 years

The purchase price has been preliminarily allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Given the date of the acquisition in relation to the reporting date, the fair value estimates of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is pending the completion of various items, including obtaining further information regarding the identification and valuation of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed.

Certain of the more significant balances that are not yet finalized include the valuation of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets (including goodwill), operating lease right-of-use assets and related lease liabilities, and related income tax considerations. Accordingly, management considers the balances above to be preliminary, and there could be adjustments to the consolidated financial statements in subsequent periods, including changes to depreciation and amortization expense related to the property, plant, and equipment and intangible assets acquired and their respective useful lives, among other adjustments. In addition, management has not completed the allocation of goodwill acquired to its reporting units.

The final determination of the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed will be completed within the measurement period of up to one year from the acquisition date.

Ritchie Bros.

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5.   Business Combinations (continued)

(a)IAA Acquisition (continued)

Goodwill

Goodwill recognized includes synergies expected to be achieved from the operations of the combined company, the assembled workforce of IAA and intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition. Expected synergies include both increased revenue opportunities and the cost savings from the planned integration of platform infrastructure, facilities, personnel, and systems. The transaction is considered a non-taxable business combination and the goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.

Contributed Revenue and Net Income

The results of IAA’s operations are included in these consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. From the date of acquisition, the amount of IAA revenue and net income included in the consolidated income statement for the period from March 20, 2023 to March 31, 2023 was $80.0 and $2.9 million, respectively.

The following table includes unaudited pro forma financial information that presents the combined results of operations as if the IAA acquisition, the acquisition debt financing, and certain other related transactions had occurred on January 1, 2022, the beginning of the comparable annual period.

The unaudited pro forma information includes adjustments to amortization for intangible assets acquired, adjustments to interest expense for the additional indebtedness incurred to complete the acquisition, and transaction costs. The unaudited pro forma financial information for the three months ended March 31, 2022 also includes one-time acquisition-related expenses of $201.2 million, of which $50.5 million were IAA pre-acquisition transaction costs. The pro forma results do not include any anticipated synergies or other expected benefits of the acquisition.

 

    

Three months ended

    

Three months ended

    

March 31, 2023

    

March 31, 2022

Revenue

988.0